Conditions or pathological processes associated with pregnancy. They can occur during or after pregnancy, and range from minor discomforts to serious diseases that require medical interventions. They include diseases in pregnant females, and pregnancies in females with diseases.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Results of conception and ensuing pregnancy, including LIVE BIRTH; STILLBIRTH; SPONTANEOUS ABORTION; INDUCED ABORTION. The outcome may follow natural or artificial insemination or any of the various ASSISTED REPRODUCTIVE TECHNIQUES, such as EMBRYO TRANSFER or FERTILIZATION IN VITRO.
A complication of PREGNANCY, characterized by a complex of symptoms including maternal HYPERTENSION and PROTEINURIA with or without pathological EDEMA. Symptoms may range between mild and severe. Pre-eclampsia usually occurs after the 20th week of gestation, but may develop before this time in the presence of trophoblastic disease.
A condition in pregnant women with elevated systolic (>140 mm Hg) and diastolic (>90 mm Hg) blood pressure on at least two occasions 6 h apart. HYPERTENSION complicates 8-10% of all pregnancies, generally after 20 weeks of gestation. Gestational hypertension can be divided into several broad categories according to the complexity and associated symptoms, such as EDEMA; PROTEINURIA; SEIZURES; abnormalities in BLOOD COAGULATION and liver functions.
The co-occurrence of pregnancy and a cardiovascular disease. The disease may precede or follow FERTILIZATION and it may or may not have a deleterious effect on the pregnant woman or FETUS.
The co-occurrence of pregnancy and a blood disease (HEMATOLOGIC DISEASES) which involves BLOOD CELLS or COAGULATION FACTORS. The hematologic disease may precede or follow FERTILIZATION and it may or may not have a deleterious effect on the pregnant woman or FETUS.
Pathological processes of the female URINARY TRACT, the reproductive system (GENITALIA, FEMALE), and disorders related to PREGNANCY.
The beginning third of a human PREGNANCY, from the first day of the last normal menstrual period (MENSTRUATION) through the completion of 14 weeks (98 days) of gestation.
A potentially life-threatening condition in which EMBRYO IMPLANTATION occurs outside the cavity of the UTERUS. Most ectopic pregnancies (>96%) occur in the FALLOPIAN TUBES, known as TUBAL PREGNANCY. They can be in other locations, such as UTERINE CERVIX; OVARY; and abdominal cavity (PREGNANCY, ABDOMINAL).
Expulsion of the product of FERTILIZATION before completing the term of GESTATION and without deliberate interference.
The co-occurrence of pregnancy and NEOPLASMS. The neoplastic disease may precede or follow FERTILIZATION.
The failure of a FETUS to attain its expected FETAL GROWTH at any GESTATIONAL AGE.
Premature separation of the normally implanted PLACENTA from the UTERUS. Signs of varying degree of severity include UTERINE BLEEDING, uterine MUSCLE HYPERTONIA, and FETAL DISTRESS or FETAL DEATH.
CHILDBIRTH before 37 weeks of PREGNANCY (259 days from the first day of the mother's last menstrual period, or 245 days after FERTILIZATION).
The process of bearing developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero in non-human mammals, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
A highly vascularized mammalian fetal-maternal organ and major site of transport of oxygen, nutrients, and fetal waste products. It includes a fetal portion (CHORIONIC VILLI) derived from TROPHOBLASTS and a maternal portion (DECIDUA) derived from the uterine ENDOMETRIUM. The placenta produces an array of steroid, protein and peptide hormones (PLACENTAL HORMONES).
The middle third of a human PREGNANCY, from the beginning of the 15th through the 28th completed week (99 to 196 days) of gestation.
A branch arising from the internal iliac artery in females, that supplies blood to the uterus.
The last third of a human PREGNANCY, from the beginning of the 29th through the 42nd completed week (197 to 294 days) of gestation.
Deliberate and planned acts of unlawful behavior engaged in by aggrieved segments of the population in seeking social change.
Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.
Pathological processes or abnormal functions of the PLACENTA.
The co-occurrence of pregnancy and an INFECTION. The infection may precede or follow FERTILIZATION.
Onset of HYPERREFLEXIA; SEIZURES; or COMA in a previously diagnosed pre-eclamptic patient (PRE-ECLAMPSIA).
The condition of carrying TWINS simultaneously.
Onset of OBSTETRIC LABOR before term (TERM BIRTH) but usually after the FETUS has become viable. In humans, it occurs sometime during the 29th through 38th week of PREGNANCY. TOCOLYSIS inhibits premature labor and can prevent the BIRTH of premature infants (INFANT, PREMATURE).
An infant during the first month after birth.
The circulation of BLOOD, of both the mother and the FETUS, through the PLACENTA.
The age of the conceptus, beginning from the time of FERTILIZATION. In clinical obstetrics, the gestational age is often estimated as the time from the last day of the last MENSTRUATION which is about 2 weeks before OVULATION and fertilization.
Cells lining the outside of the BLASTOCYST. After binding to the ENDOMETRIUM, trophoblasts develop into two distinct layers, an inner layer of mononuclear cytotrophoblasts and an outer layer of continuous multinuclear cytoplasm, the syncytiotrophoblasts, which form the early fetal-maternal interface (PLACENTA).
Diabetes mellitus induced by PREGNANCY but resolved at the end of pregnancy. It does not include previously diagnosed diabetics who become pregnant (PREGNANCY IN DIABETICS). Gestational diabetes usually develops in late pregnancy when insulin antagonistic hormones peaks leading to INSULIN RESISTANCE; GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; and HYPERGLYCEMIA.
Malformations of organs or body parts during development in utero.
Death of the developing young in utero. BIRTH of a dead FETUS is STILLBIRTH.
An organized and comprehensive program of health care that identifies and reduces a woman's reproductive risks before conception through risk assessment, health promotion, and interventions. Preconception care programs may be designed to include the male partner in providing counseling and educational information in preparation for fatherhood, such as genetic counseling and testing, financial and family planning, etc. This concept is different from PRENATAL CARE, which occurs during pregnancy.
Pregnancy in which the mother and/or FETUS are at greater than normal risk of MORBIDITY or MORTALITY. Causes include inadequate PRENATAL CARE, previous obstetrical history (ABORTION, SPONTANEOUS), pre-existing maternal disease, pregnancy-induced disease (GESTATIONAL HYPERTENSION), and MULTIPLE PREGNANCY, as well as advanced maternal age above 35.
The condition of carrying two or more FETUSES simultaneously.
Extraction of the FETUS by means of abdominal HYSTEROTOMY.
Medical problems associated with OBSTETRIC LABOR, such as BREECH PRESENTATION; PREMATURE OBSTETRIC LABOR; HEMORRHAGE; or others. These complications can affect the well-being of the mother, the FETUS, or both.
The event that a FETUS is born dead or stillborn.
Care provided the pregnant woman in order to prevent complications, and decrease the incidence of maternal and prenatal mortality.
An infant having a birth weight lower than expected for its gestational age.
The hollow thick-walled muscular organ in the female PELVIS. It consists of the fundus (the body) which is the site of EMBRYO IMPLANTATION and FETAL DEVELOPMENT. Beyond the isthmus at the perineal end of fundus, is CERVIX UTERI (the neck) opening into VAGINA. Beyond the isthmi at the upper abdominal end of fundus, are the FALLOPIAN TUBES.
Three or more consecutive spontaneous abortions.
The visualization of tissues during pregnancy through recording of the echoes of ultrasonic waves directed into the body. The procedure may be applied with reference to the mother or the fetus and with reference to organs or the detection of maternal or fetal disease.
Proteins produced by organs of the mother or the PLACENTA during PREGNANCY. These proteins may be pregnancy-specific (present only during pregnancy) or pregnancy-associated (present during pregnancy or under other conditions such as hormone therapy or certain malignancies.)
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual at BIRTH. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
The ratio of the number of conceptions (CONCEPTION) including LIVE BIRTH; STILLBIRTH; and fetal losses, to the mean number of females of reproductive age in a population during a set time period.
The age of the mother in PREGNANCY.
The number of offspring a female has borne. It is contrasted with GRAVIDITY, which refers to the number of pregnancies, regardless of outcome.
Autoantibodies directed against phospholipids. These antibodies are characteristically found in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (LUPUS ERYTHEMATOSUS, SYSTEMIC;), ANTIPHOSPHOLIPID SYNDROME; related autoimmune diseases, some non-autoimmune diseases, and also in healthy individuals.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
Failure of the PLACENTA to deliver an adequate supply of nutrients and OXYGEN to the FETUS.
The three approximately equal periods of a normal human PREGNANCY. Each trimester is about three months or 13 to 14 weeks in duration depending on the designation of the first day of gestation.
The development of the PLACENTA, a highly vascularized mammalian fetal-maternal organ and major site of transport of oxygen, nutrients, and fetal waste products between mother and FETUS. The process begins at FERTILIZATION, through the development of CYTOTROPHOBLASTS and SYNCYTIOTROPHOBLASTS, the formation of CHORIONIC VILLI, to the progressive increase in BLOOD VESSELS to support the growing fetus.
The offspring in multiple pregnancies (PREGNANCY, MULTIPLE): TWINS; TRIPLETS; QUADRUPLETS; QUINTUPLETS; etc.
Tests to determine whether or not an individual is pregnant.
Delivery of the FETUS and PLACENTA under the care of an obstetrician or a health worker. Obstetric deliveries may involve physical, psychological, medical, or surgical interventions.
Exchange of substances between the maternal blood and the fetal blood at the PLACENTA via PLACENTAL CIRCULATION. The placental barrier excludes microbial or viral transmission.
The state of PREGNANCY in women with DIABETES MELLITUS. This does not include either symptomatic diabetes or GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE induced by pregnancy (DIABETES, GESTATIONAL) which resolves at the end of pregnancy.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
The most common (>96%) type of ectopic pregnancy in which the extrauterine EMBRYO IMPLANTATION occurs in the FALLOPIAN TUBE, usually in the ampullary region where FERTILIZATION takes place.
The presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids (ANTIBODIES, ANTIPHOSPHOLIPID). The condition is associated with a variety of diseases, notably systemic lupus erythematosus and other connective tissue diseases, thrombopenia, and arterial or venous thromboses. In pregnancy it can cause abortion. Of the phospholipids, the cardiolipins show markedly elevated levels of anticardiolipin antibodies (ANTIBODIES, ANTICARDIOLIPIN). Present also are high levels of lupus anticoagulant (LUPUS COAGULATION INHIBITOR).
Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of the mother.
Clinical and laboratory techniques used to enhance fertility in humans and animals.
Morphological and physiological development of FETUSES.
An infant having a birth weight of 2500 gm. (5.5 lb.) or less but INFANT, VERY LOW BIRTH WEIGHT is available for infants having a birth weight of 1500 grams (3.3 lb.) or less.
Spontaneous tearing of the membranes surrounding the FETUS any time before the onset of OBSTETRIC LABOR. Preterm PROM is membrane rupture before 37 weeks of GESTATION.
An assisted reproductive technique that includes the direct handling and manipulation of oocytes and sperm to achieve fertilization in vitro.
Pregnancy in human adolescent females under the age of 19.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
The hormone-responsive glandular layer of ENDOMETRIUM that sloughs off at each menstrual flow (decidua menstrualis) or at the termination of pregnancy. During pregnancy, the thickest part of the decidua forms the maternal portion of the PLACENTA, thus named decidua placentalis. The thin portion of the decidua covering the rest of the embryo is the decidua capsularis.
The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.
A disorder of HEMOSTASIS in which there is a tendency for the occurrence of THROMBOSIS.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Unintended accidental pregnancy, including pregnancy resulting from failed contraceptive measures.
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
Pregnancy, usually accidental, that is not desired by the parent or parents.
Complications that affect patients during surgery. They may or may not be associated with the disease for which the surgery is done, or within the same surgical procedure.
A thiol-containing amino acid formed by a demethylation of METHIONINE.
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
The co-occurrence of pregnancy and parasitic diseases. The parasitic infection may precede or follow FERTILIZATION.
A human infant born before 37 weeks of GESTATION.
A term used to describe pregnancies that exceed the upper limit of a normal gestational period. In humans, a prolonged pregnancy is defined as one that extends beyond 42 weeks (294 days) after the first day of the last menstrual period (MENSTRUATION), or birth with gestational age of 41 weeks or more.
Intentional removal of a fetus from the uterus by any of a number of techniques. (POPLINE, 1978)
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
A range of values for a variable of interest, e.g., a rate, constructed so that this range has a specified probability of including the true value of the variable.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
A type of ectopic pregnancy in which the EMBRYO, MAMMALIAN implants in the ABDOMINAL CAVITY instead of in the ENDOMETRIUM of the UTERUS.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
Physiological mechanisms that sustain the state of PREGNANCY.
Endometrial implantation of EMBRYO, MAMMALIAN at the BLASTOCYST stage.
The transfer of mammalian embryos from an in vivo or in vitro environment to a suitable host to improve pregnancy or gestational outcome in human or animal. In human fertility treatment programs, preimplantation embryos ranging from the 4-cell stage to the blastocyst stage are transferred to the uterine cavity between 3-5 days after FERTILIZATION IN VITRO.
Conditions or pathological processes associated with the disease of diabetes mellitus. Due to the impaired control of BLOOD GLUCOSE level in diabetic patients, pathological processes develop in numerous tissues and organs including the EYE, the KIDNEY, the BLOOD VESSELS, and the NERVE TISSUE.
Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.
The consequences of exposing the FETUS in utero to certain factors, such as NUTRITION PHYSIOLOGICAL PHENOMENA; PHYSIOLOGICAL STRESS; DRUGS; RADIATION; and other physical or chemical factors. These consequences are observed later in the offspring after BIRTH.
Selective abortion of one or more embryos or fetuses in a multiple gestation pregnancy. The usual goal is to improve the outcome for the remaining embryos or fetuses.
Diminished or absent ability of a female to achieve conception.
The major progestational steroid that is secreted primarily by the CORPUS LUTEUM and the PLACENTA. Progesterone acts on the UTERUS, the MAMMARY GLANDS and the BRAIN. It is required in EMBRYO IMPLANTATION; PREGNANCY maintenance, and the development of mammary tissue for MILK production. Progesterone, converted from PREGNENOLONE, also serves as an intermediate in the biosynthesis of GONADAL STEROID HORMONES and adrenal CORTICOSTEROIDS.
Congenital abnormalities caused by medicinal substances or drugs of abuse given to or taken by the mother, or to which she is inadvertently exposed during the manufacture of such substances. The concept excludes abnormalities resulting from exposure to non-medicinal chemicals in the environment.
The repetitive uterine contraction during childbirth which is associated with the progressive dilation of the uterine cervix (CERVIX UTERI). Successful labor results in the expulsion of the FETUS and PLACENTA. Obstetric labor can be spontaneous or induced (LABOR, INDUCED).
A repeat operation for the same condition in the same patient due to disease progression or recurrence, or as followup to failed previous surgery.
Disorders or diseases associated with PUERPERIUM, the six-to-eight-week period immediately after PARTURITION in humans.
The unborn young of a viviparous mammal, in the postembryonic period, after the major structures have been outlined. In humans, the unborn young from the end of the eighth week after CONCEPTION until BIRTH, as distinguished from the earlier EMBRYO, MAMMALIAN.
A procedure in which a laparoscope (LAPAROSCOPES) is inserted through a small incision near the navel to examine the abdominal and pelvic organs in the PERITONEAL CAVITY. If appropriate, biopsy or surgery can be performed during laparoscopy.
Two individuals derived from two FETUSES that were fertilized at or about the same time, developed in the UTERUS simultaneously, and born to the same mother. Twins are either monozygotic (TWINS, MONOZYGOTIC) or dizygotic (TWINS, DIZYGOTIC).
The processes of milk secretion by the maternal MAMMARY GLANDS after PARTURITION. The proliferation of the mammary glandular tissue, milk synthesis, and milk expulsion or let down are regulated by the interactions of several hormones including ESTRADIOL; PROGESTERONE; PROLACTIN; and OXYTOCIN.
Determination of the nature of a pathological condition or disease in the postimplantation EMBRYO; FETUS; or pregnant female before birth.
Abortion induced to save the life or health of a pregnant woman. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
A gonadotropic glycoprotein hormone produced primarily by the PLACENTA. Similar to the pituitary LUTEINIZING HORMONE in structure and function, chorionic gonadotropin is involved in maintaining the CORPUS LUTEUM during pregnancy. CG consists of two noncovalently linked subunits, alpha and beta. Within a species, the alpha subunit is virtually identical to the alpha subunits of the three pituitary glycoprotein hormones (TSH, LH, and FSH), but the beta subunit is unique and confers its biological specificity (CHORIONIC GONADOTROPIN, BETA SUBUNIT, HUMAN).
Pathophysiological conditions of the FETUS in the UTERUS. Some fetal diseases may be treated with FETAL THERAPIES.
Exposure of the female parent, human or animal, to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals that may affect offspring. It includes pre-conception maternal exposure.
Non-steroidal chemical compounds with abortifacient activity.
The period of confinement of a patient to a hospital or other health facility.
Artificial introduction of SEMEN or SPERMATOZOA into the VAGINA to facilitate FERTILIZATION.
A clear, yellowish liquid that envelopes the FETUS inside the sac of AMNION. In the first trimester, it is likely a transudate of maternal or fetal plasma. In the second trimester, amniotic fluid derives primarily from fetal lung and kidney. Cells or substances in this fluid can be removed for prenatal diagnostic tests (AMNIOCENTESIS).
The mucous membrane lining of the uterine cavity that is hormonally responsive during the MENSTRUAL CYCLE and PREGNANCY. The endometrium undergoes cyclic changes that characterize MENSTRUATION. After successful FERTILIZATION, it serves to sustain the developing embryo.
Inability to reproduce after a specified period of unprotected intercourse. Reproductive sterility is permanent infertility.
An assisted fertilization technique consisting of the microinjection of a single viable sperm into an extracted ovum. It is used principally to overcome low sperm count, low sperm motility, inability of sperm to penetrate the egg, or other conditions related to male infertility (INFERTILITY, MALE).
Human females who are pregnant, as cultural, psychological, or sociological entities.
The number of pregnancies, complete or incomplete, experienced by a female. It is different from PARITY, which is the number of offspring borne. (From Stedman, 26th ed)
The capacity to conceive or to induce conception. It may refer to either the male or female.
Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.
Bleeding or escape of blood from a vessel.
Infection occurring at the site of a surgical incision.
Termination of pregnancy under conditions allowed under local laws. (POPLINE Thesaurus, 1991)
The process of giving birth to one or more offspring.
The beta subunit of human CHORIONIC GONADOTROPIN. Its structure is similar to the beta subunit of LUTEINIZING HORMONE, except for the additional 30 amino acids at the carboxy end with the associated carbohydrate residues. HCG-beta is used as a diagnostic marker for early detection of pregnancy, spontaneous abortion (ABORTION, SPONTANEOUS); ECTOPIC PREGNANCY; HYDATIDIFORM MOLE; CHORIOCARCINOMA; or DOWN SYNDROME.
Failure of equipment to perform to standard. The failure may be due to defects or improper use.
Bleeding from blood vessels in the UTERUS, sometimes manifested as vaginal bleeding.
Techniques for the artifical induction of ovulation, the rupture of the follicle and release of the ovum.
The event that a FETUS is born alive with heartbeats or RESPIRATION regardless of GESTATIONAL AGE. Such liveborn is called a newborn infant (INFANT, NEWBORN).
Removal of an implanted therapeutic or prosthetic device.
Nutrition of a mother which affects the health of the FETUS and INFANT as well as herself.
The return of a sign, symptom, or disease after a remission.
The removal of fluids or discharges from the body, such as from a wound, sore, or cavity.
UTERINE BLEEDING from a GESTATION of less than 20 weeks without any CERVICAL DILATATION. It is characterized by vaginal bleeding, lower back discomfort, or midline pelvic cramping and a risk factor for MISCARRIAGE.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
Prevention of CONCEPTION by blocking fertility temporarily, or permanently (STERILIZATION, REPRODUCTIVE). Common means of reversible contraception include NATURAL FAMILY PLANNING METHODS; CONTRACEPTIVE AGENTS; or CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES.
The smooth muscle coat of the uterus, which forms the main mass of the organ.
Methods of detecting pregnancy by examining the levels of human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) in plasma or urine.
Trophoblastic hyperplasia associated with normal gestation, or molar pregnancy. It is characterized by the swelling of the CHORIONIC VILLI and elevated human CHORIONIC GONADOTROPIN. Hydatidiform moles or molar pregnancy may be categorized as complete or partial based on their gross morphology, histopathology, and karyotype.
Migration of a foreign body from its original location to some other location in the body.
Three individuals derived from three FETUSES that were fertilized at or about the same time, developed in the UTERUS simultaneously, and born to the same mother.
Use or insertion of a tubular device into a duct, blood vessel, hollow organ, or body cavity for injecting or withdrawing fluids for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes. It differs from INTUBATION in that the tube here is used to restore or maintain patency in obstructions.
Nutrition of FEMALE during PREGNANCY.
Chemical substances that interrupt pregnancy after implantation.
A collection of blood outside the BLOOD VESSELS. Hematoma can be localized in an organ, space, or tissue.
Pathologic process consisting of a partial or complete disruption of the layers of a surgical wound.
A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.
Hemorrhage following any surgical procedure. It may be immediate or delayed and is not restricted to the surgical wound.
A syndrome of HEMOLYSIS, elevated liver ENZYMES, and low blood platelets count (THROMBOCYTOPENIA). HELLP syndrome is observed in pregnant women with PRE-ECLAMPSIA or ECLAMPSIA who also exhibit LIVER damage and abnormalities in BLOOD COAGULATION.
Any adverse condition in a patient occurring as the result of treatment by a physician, surgeon, or other health professional, especially infections acquired by a patient during the course of treatment.
Female parents, human or animal.
Surgical union or shunt between ducts, tubes or vessels. It may be end-to-end, end-to-side, side-to-end, or side-to-side.
Catheters designed to be left within an organ or passage for an extended period of time.
In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.
Diseases in any part of the BILIARY TRACT including the BILE DUCTS and the GALLBLADDER.
Death resulting from the presence of a disease in an individual, as shown by a single case report or a limited number of patients. This should be differentiated from DEATH, the physiological cessation of life and from MORTALITY, an epidemiological or statistical concept.
Methods pertaining to the generation of new individuals, including techniques used in selective BREEDING, cloning (CLONING, ORGANISM), and assisted reproduction (REPRODUCTIVE TECHNIQUES, ASSISTED).
The probability that an event will occur. It encompasses a variety of measures of the probability of a generally unfavorable outcome.
Transfer of preovulatory oocytes from donor to a suitable host. Oocytes are collected, fertilized in vitro, and transferred to a host that can be human or animal.
Devices that provide support for tubular structures that are being anastomosed or for body cavities during skin grafting.
Agents that prevent clotting.
Procedures of applying ENDOSCOPES for disease diagnosis and treatment. Endoscopy involves passing an optical instrument through a small incision in the skin i.e., percutaneous; or through a natural orifice and along natural body pathways such as the digestive tract; and/or through an incision in the wall of a tubular structure or organ, i.e. transluminal, to examine or perform surgery on the interior parts of the body.
Formation and development of a thrombus or blood clot in the blood vessel.
Techniques for securing together the edges of a wound, with loops of thread or similar materials (SUTURES).
The disintegration and assimilation of the dead FETUS in the UTERUS at any stage after the completion of organogenesis which, in humans, is after the 9th week of GESTATION. It does not include embryo resorption (see EMBRYO LOSS).
A subtype of DIABETES MELLITUS that is characterized by INSULIN deficiency. It is manifested by the sudden onset of severe HYPERGLYCEMIA, rapid progression to DIABETIC KETOACIDOSIS, and DEATH unless treated with insulin. The disease may occur at any age, but is most common in childhood or adolescence.
A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.
A condition of fetal overgrowth leading to a large-for-gestational-age FETUS. It is defined as BIRTH WEIGHT greater than 4,000 grams or above the 90th percentile for population and sex-specific growth curves. It is commonly seen in GESTATIONAL DIABETES; PROLONGED PREGNANCY; and pregnancies complicated by pre-existing diabetes mellitus.
Behavior patterns of those practicing CONTRACEPTION.
Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
The threadlike, vascular projections of the chorion. Chorionic villi may be free or embedded within the DECIDUA forming the site for exchange of substances between fetal and maternal blood (PLACENTA).
Intractable VOMITING that develops in early PREGNANCY and persists. This can lead to DEHYDRATION and WEIGHT LOSS.
Disease having a short and relatively severe course.
A method of hemostasis utilizing various agents such as Gelfoam, silastic, metal, glass, or plastic pellets, autologous clot, fat, and muscle as emboli. It has been used in the treatment of spinal cord and INTRACRANIAL ARTERIOVENOUS MALFORMATIONS, renal arteriovenous fistulas, gastrointestinal bleeding, epistaxis, hypersplenism, certain highly vascular tumors, traumatic rupture of blood vessels, and control of operative hemorrhage.
The period of care beginning when the patient is removed from surgery and aimed at meeting the patient's psychological and physical needs directly after surgery. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
The 17-beta-isomer of estradiol, an aromatized C18 steroid with hydroxyl group at 3-beta- and 17-beta-position. Estradiol-17-beta is the most potent form of mammalian estrogenic steroids.
Maternal deaths resulting from complications of pregnancy and childbirth in a given population.
The weight of the FETUS in utero. It is usually estimated by various formulas based on measurements made during PRENATAL ULTRASONOGRAPHY.
A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.
Percutaneous transabdominal puncture of the uterus during pregnancy to obtain amniotic fluid. It is commonly used for fetal karyotype determination in order to diagnose abnormal fetal conditions.
The yellow body derived from the ruptured OVARIAN FOLLICLE after OVULATION. The process of corpus luteum formation, LUTEINIZATION, is regulated by LUTEINIZING HORMONE.
Morphological and physiological development of EMBRYOS or FETUSES.
Procedures that avoid use of open, invasive surgery in favor of closed or local surgery. These generally involve use of laparoscopic devices and remote-control manipulation of instruments with indirect observation of the surgical field through an endoscope or similar device.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Incision into the side of the abdomen between the ribs and pelvis.
The transference of a part of or an entire liver from one human or animal to another.
Health care programs or services designed to assist individuals in the planning of family size. Various methods of CONTRACEPTION can be used to control the number and timing of childbirths.
Blood of the fetus. Exchange of nutrients and waste between the fetal and maternal blood occurs via the PLACENTA. The cord blood is blood contained in the umbilical vessels (UMBILICAL CORD) at the time of delivery.
Abnormal communication most commonly seen between two internal organs, or between an internal organ and the surface of the body.
Preservation of cells, tissues, organs, or embryos by freezing. In histological preparations, cryopreservation or cryofixation is used to maintain the existing form, structure, and chemical composition of all the constituent elements of the specimens.
Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.
Studies to determine the advantages or disadvantages, practicability, or capability of accomplishing a projected plan, study, or project.

Studies on the response of ewes to live chlamydiae adapted to chicken embryos or tissue culture. (1/3500)

Ewes infected before gestation with chicken embryo or tissue culture adapted chlamydial strain B-577 were challenge inoculated with the homologous strain at four to 18 weeks of gestation. The ewes responsed with group specific complement fixing antibody titers of 1:8 to 1:256 by the second week after initial infection. A secondary antibody response in the surviving challenge inoculated ewes occurred at the time of lambing and reached titers of 1:32 to 1:256 by the second week after parturition. Group specific complement fixing antibodies did not appear to play a significant role in resistance to chlamydial infection. Ewes infected with the chicken embryo adapted strain B-577 excreted chlamydiae in their feces 60 days after inoculation. However, chlamydiae were not recovered from feces of ewes infected with the tissue culture adapted strain B-577. Placentas of ewes challenge inoculated by the intravenous route were consistently infected. Chlamydiae were recovered from placentas, some fetuses and lambs. In two instances when challenge inoculation was given by the intramuscular route, infection was detected only by the direct fluorescent antibody method.  (+info)

Pregnancy, body weight and human immunodeficiency virus infection in African women: a prospective cohort study in Kigali (Rwanda), 1992-1994. Pregnancy and HIV Study Group (EGE). (2/3500)

OBJECTIVE: To study the relationship between human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and body weight in African women during and after pregnancy. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was initiated at the Centre Hospitalier de Kigali in July 1992. Every woman seen at the antenatal clinic and with a gestational age of <28 weeks was offered HIV-1 antibody testing. Comparable numbers of HIV-infected (HIV+) and uninfected (HIV-) women were recruited. At inclusion, socio-demographic characteristics and self-reported pre-pregnancy weight were recorded; height and weight were measured. Each woman enrolled had a monthly follow-up until 9 months after delivery, with a clinical examination including weighing. Three anthropometric indices were used to answer the study objectives: weight, body mass index (BMI), and pregnancy balance. RESULTS: As of April 1994, 101 HIV+ and 106 HIV- women were followed until 5 months after delivery. Weight and BMI during pregnancy were lower in HIV+ women than in HIV- women. After delivery, weight and BMI gains were significantly lower in HIV+ women. Until 5 months after delivery, the mean weight variation was -2.2 kg (standard deviation [SD] = 5.9 kg) in HIV+ women and +0.2 kg (SD = 6.6 kg) in HIV- women (P = 0.007) in comparison to pre-pregnancy weight. Comparisons of the slopes of the weight curves did not show statistical differences throughout the pregnancy, but it did during the post-partum period (P = 0.02). CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggests that HIV infection could impair nutritional status in pregnant women, especially during the post-partum period. Family planning and maternal and child health services including HIV testing and counselling, should consider a nutritional assessment and intervention programme targeted to HIV+ pregnant women.  (+info)

Short course antiretroviral regimens to reduce maternal transmission of HIV.(3/3500)


Unrecognized sexually transmitted infections in rural South African women: a hidden epidemic. (4/3500)

Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are of major public health concern in developing countries, not least because they facilitate transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The present article presents estimates of the prevalence, on any given day, of STIs among women in rural South Africa and the proportion who are asymptomatic, symptomatic but not seeking care, and symptomatic and seeking care. The following data sources from Hlabisa district were used: clinical surveillance for STI syndromes treated in health facilities, microbiological studies among women attending antenatal and family planning clinics, and a community survey. Population census provided denominator data. Adequacy of drug treatment was determined through quality of care surveys. Of 55,974 women aged 15-49 years, a total of 13,943 (24.9%) were infected on any given day with at least one of Trichomonas vaginalis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Chlamydia trachomatis, or Treponema pallidum. Of the women investigated, 6697 (48%) were asymptomatic, 6994 (50%) were symptomatic but not seeking care, 238 (1.7%) were symptomatic and would seek care, and 14 (0.3%) were seeking care on that day. Only 9 of the 14 women (65%) were adequately treated. STIs remained untreated because either women were asymptomatic or the symptoms were not recognized and acted upon. Improved case management alone is therefore unlikely to have a major public health impact. Improving partner treatment and women's awareness of symptoms is essential, while the potential of mass STI treatment needs to be explored.  (+info)

The mode of delivery and the risk of vertical transmission of human immunodeficiency virus type 1--a meta-analysis of 15 prospective cohort studies. The International Perinatal HIV Group. (5/3500)

BACKGROUND: To evaluate the relation between elective cesarean section and vertical transmission of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1), we performed a meta-analysis using data on individual patients from 15 prospective cohort studies. METHODS: North American and European studies of at least 100 mother-child pairs were included in the meta-analysis. Uniform definitions of modes of delivery were used. Elective cesarean sections were defined as those performed before onset of labor and rupture of membranes. Multivariate logistic-regression analysis was used to adjust for other factors known to be associated with vertical transmission. RESULTS: The primary analysis included data on 8533 mother-child pairs. After adjustment for receipt of antiretroviral therapy, maternal stage of disease, and infant birth weight, the likelihood of vertical transmission of HIV-1 was decreased by approximately 50 percent with elective cesarean section, as compared with other modes of delivery (adjusted odds ratio, 0.43; 95 percent confidence interval, 0.33 to 0.56). The results were similar when the study population was limited to those with rupture of membranes shortly before delivery. The likelihood of transmission was reduced by approximately 87 percent with both elective cesarean section and receipt of antiretroviral therapy during the prenatal, intrapartum, and neonatal periods, as compared with other modes of delivery and the absence of therapy (adjusted odds ratio, 0.13; 95 percent confidence interval, 0.09 to 0.19). Among mother-child pairs receiving antiretroviral therapy during the prenatal, intrapartum, and neonatal periods, rates of vertical transmission were 2.0 percent among the 196 mothers who underwent elective cesarean section and 7.3 percent among the 1255 mothers with other modes of delivery. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this meta-analysis suggest that elective cesarean section reduces the risk of transmission of HIV-1 from mother to child independently of the effects of treatment with zidovudine.  (+info)

Erythema infectiosum (Fifth disease) and pregnancy. (6/3500)

QUESTION: One of my patients is currently 14 weeks pregnant. She is a teacher in grade 1, and there is an epidemic of Fifth disease in the school where she teaches. Can this disease affect her pregnancy and how should I care for her? ANSWER: Erythema infectiosum (Fifth disease) is usually a benign disease for children and mothers, but might have serious consequences for a fetus due to hemolytic anemia, although the risk is very low. You should evaluate the mother's immune status. If she is already immune (IgG positive), the risks are nil. If she is not immune (although the risk of the fetus's being affected is very low), fetal surveillance by repeated ultrasonographic examination and immune status reevaluation has been recommended. If a fetus is found to be affected, intrauterine evaluation and treatment are available at tertiary care centres.  (+info)

Is antenatal care effective in reducing maternal morbidity and mortality? (7/3500)

Women in developing countries are dying from simple preventable conditions but what impact can the procedures collectively called antenatal care having in reducing maternal mortality and morbidity? More importantly what is antenatal care? This review found that questions have been raised about the impact of antenatal care (specifically on maternal mortality) since its inception in developed countries, and that although the questions continue to be asked there is very little research trying to find answers. Many antenatal procedures are essentially screening tests yet it was found that there were very few results showing sensitivity and specificity, and that they rarely complied with the established criteria for the effectiveness of a screening test. The acknowledged gold standard measurement of effectiveness is the randomized controlled trial, yet the only results available referred to nutritional supplementation. This service of flawed methodology has been exported to developing countries and is being promoted by WHO and other agencies. This paper argues that there is insufficient evidence to reach a firm decision about the effectiveness of antenatal care, yet there is sufficient evidence to cast doubt on the possible effect of antenatal care. Research is urgently required in order to identify those procedures which ought to be included in the antenatal process. In the final analysis the greatest impact will be achieved by developing a domiciliary midwifery service supported by appropriate local efficient obstetric services. That this domiciliary service should provide care for women in pregnancy is not disputed but the specific nature of this care needs considerable clarification.  (+info)

Early acquisition of TT virus (TTV) in an area endemic for TTV infection. (8/3500)

TT virus (TTV) is widely distributed, with high frequencies of viremia in South America, Central Africa, and Papua New Guinea. The incidence and timing of infection in children born in a rural area of the Democratic Republic of Congo was investigated. TTV viremia was detected in 61 (58%) of 105 women attending an antenatal clinic and in 36 (54%) of 68 infants. Most infants acquired the infection at >/=3 months postpartum. Surprisingly, TTV infection was detected in a large proportion of children with TTV-negative mothers (13 [43%] of 30). Nucleotide sequences of TTV-infected children were frequently epidemiologically unlinked to variants detected in the mother. These three aspects contrast with the maternal transmission of hepatitis G virus/GB virus C in this cohort and suggest an environmental source of TTV infection comparable to hepatitis A virus and other enterically transmitted infections.  (+info)

While there are many ARV medications and combination regimens available to treat HIV-infected people, the number of ARV medications studied in HIV-infected pregnant women for the prevention of mother-to-child transmission remains limited. HIV-infected pregnant women who begin taking ARV medications late in their pregnancies require effective therapy to reduce the risk of transmitting HIV to their children. Currently, there is no data available that compares the effects of non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTI) and integrase inhibitors (which are two classes of ARV medications) in pregnant women. The purpose of this study is to compare the safety, tolerance, and virologic and pharmacologic responses to two different medication regimens, each including an NNRTI or integrase inhibitor, in pregnant HIV-infected women who begin ARV therapy late in their pregnancies (i.e., a gestational age between 20 and 36 weeks).. Participants in this study will be randomly assigned to one of two ...
While there are many ARV medications and combination regimens available to treat HIV-infected people, the number of ARV medications studied in HIV-infected pregnant women for the prevention of mother-to-child transmission remains limited. HIV-infected pregnant women who begin taking ARV medications late in their pregnancies require effective therapy to reduce the risk of transmitting HIV to their children. Currently, there is no data available that compares the effects of non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTI) and integrase inhibitors (which are two classes of ARV medications) in pregnant women. The purpose of this study is to compare the safety, tolerance, and virologic and pharmacologic responses to two different medication regimens, each including an NNRTI or integrase inhibitor, in pregnant HIV-infected women who begin ARV therapy late in their pregnancies (i.e., a gestational age between 20 and 36 weeks).. Participants in this study will be randomly assigned to one of two ...
Results. Genital papillomatosis was diagnosed in 24.6% of HIV-infected pregnant women, including one woman combination of papillomatosis and CIN. HPV in the genital tract found in 64% of HIV-infected pregnant women and 40% in the control group, in both groups, 95% have a high carcinogenic risk HPV (WRC), the viral load (VL) of HPV have no different. The presence of HPV WRC in HIV-infected women is associated with a viral load of HIV, more than 500 copies/ml (p ...
PANNA is the name of the study of Pharmacokinetics of newly developed ANtiretroviral agents in HIV-infected pregNAnt women (PANNA).
Cincinnati, OH (PRWEB) July 11, 2016 -- RBI Solar, Inc., a Cincinnati-based solar mounting systems manufacturer, is exhibiting at Intersolar North America 2016
BACKGROUND: Every year nearly 400,000 children are infected with HIV through mother-to-child transmission (MTCT), which is responsible for more than 90% of HIV infections in children. In high-income countries, the MTCT rate is less than 1% through perinatal prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission (PMTCT) interventions. In low- and middle-income countries, PMTCT programme coverage remains low and consequently transmission rate high. The World Health Organisation recommends integration of PMTCT programmes with other healthcare services to increase access and improve uptake of these interventions.. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of integration of perinatal PMTCT measures with other health care services on coverage and service uptake compared to stand-alone PMTCT programmes and healthcare services or partially integrated PMTCT interventions.. SEARCH STRATEGY: We searched the following databases, for the time period of January 1990 to August 2010: MEDLINE, EMBASE, the WHO Global Health ...
By Wichsinee Wibulpolprasert. Since its implementation in 2001, the national program for Prevention of Mother-To-Child Transmission (PMTCT) in Thailand has been successful in substantially reducing mother-to-child HIV transmission. In order to assess and improve the efficacy of the PMTCT program, it is important to identify relevant socio-demographic and biomedical factors associated with antiretroviral compliance and HIV transmission rates. In this paper, we attempt to measure the associations between province specific socio-demographic characteristics, such as average income, education, average household size, and availability of health care providers, on the antiretroviral compliance rate. Then we measure how the antiretroviral completion rates and other biomedical factors affect the probability of mother-to-child HIV transmission among participants in Thailands national PMTCT program. We find that education level, mothers nationality, family size, prenatal care, and the time the pregnant ...
Background Preventing unintended pregnancies among HIV-positive women through family planning (FP) reduces pregnancy-related morbidity and mortality, decreases the number of pediatric HIV infections, and has also proven to be a cost-effective way to prevent mother-to-child HIV transmission. A key element of a comprehensive HIV prevention agenda, aimed at avoiding unintended pregnancies, is recognizing the attitudes towards FP among HIV-positive women and their spouse or partner. In this study, we analyze FP attitudes among HIV-infected pregnant women enrolled in a PMTCT clinical trial in Western Kenya. Methods and Findings Baseline data were collected on 522 HIV-positive pregnant women using structured questionnaires. Associations between demographic variables and the future intention to use FP were examined using Fishers exact tests and permutation tests. Most participants (87%) indicated that they intended to use FP. However, only 8% indicated condoms as a preferred FP method, and 59% of current
Opinion: International Community Must Keep Fighting to End Mother-to-Child HIV Transmission, at, the complete HIV/AIDS resource.
An emerging field known as implementation science may help reduce the nearly 150,000 instances of mother-to-child HIV transmissions that occur annually ...
IBETO, M; GIDDY, J y COX, V. Closing the gaps: Steps towards elimination of mother-to-child transmission of HIV. South. Afr. j. HIV med. (Online) [online]. 2014, vol.15, n.3, pp.107-109. ISSN 2078-6751. BACKGROUND: With significant reductions in the rate of HIV mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) in South Africa, each case of failed prevention of MTCT (PMTCT) should be investigated. OBJECTIVE: To establish the cause(s) of MTCT at Khayelitshas Community Health Centre (CHC) in order to identify obstacles to MTCT elimination. METHODS: Routinely collected data were reviewed for all HIV-infected infants identified at Khayelitsha Site B CHC from January 2012 to April 2013. RESULTS: A total of 926/1 158 (80%) of exposed infants had polymerase chain reaction (PCR) results, with 15/926 (1.6%) PCR-positive. Median (interquartile range (IQR)) values for the maternal indicators were as follows: maternal age, 27 (23 - 31) years; parity, 2 (1 - 3); gestational age ...
After starting to receive prenatal care, to take advantage of interventions to prevent mother-to-child HIV transmission, an HIV-infected pregnant woman must know her HIV status. Thus, she must be offered and must accept HIV testing. In an assessment of prenatal HIV counseling and testing practices in 14 states during 1996 and 1997, more than 70% of women recalled discussing HIV testing during prenatal care, and at least 50% reported being tested for HIV during pregnancy or delivery.54 However, despite national recommendations for universal prenatal HIV counseling and testing, rates varied by state, type of prenatal health care provider, health insurance, and maternal demographic characteristics. Higher rates of testing were reported for black women, younger women, and those who sought care from a public provider, received Medicaid benefits, or had low income while lower rates of testing were reported for white women or those with health insurance who might have been perceived to be at lower risk ...
This is the first published systematic review analysing the PMTCT cascade in China. Along with the relatively low and stable HIV prevalence among pregnant women in China (,0.1% since 2002), remarkable reduction of HIV vertical transmission has been achieved through expanding PMTCT interventions following the improved national guidelines and remarkably high government investment.34 ,41 The overall trend of HIV prevalence is consistent with official reports.9 ,42 Transmission rates among mother and infants enrolled in PMTCT have decreased from 31.8% (25.7-38.6%) prior to the roll-out of PMTCT to 12.9% (7.5%-21.4%) in 2003 and 2.3% (1.4%-3.8%) in 2011. However, when including pregnant women who did not attend ANC and hence not enrolled in PMTCT, the vertical transmission rate was 27.1% (17.4%-44.0%) in 2003 and 11.5% (8.0%--15.7%) in 2011, which is slightly higher than 7.4% reported by the 2012 progress report on PMTCT of HIV in China.17 This corresponds to similar findings published from other ...
Downloadable! Prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) interventions reduce the cumulative probability of transmission from a HIV positive woman to her child by as much as 40 percentage points. This paper is the first economic analysis of the behavioral effects of PMTCT. I examine fertility responses to the scale-up of PMTCT in Zambia, a country where approximately 15 percent of adults age 15-49 are HIV positive. My results suggest that the local introduction of PMTCT reduced pregnancy rates by up to 20 percent, that the fertility response was greater among women who were more likely to be HIV positive, and that PMTCT substantially increased breastfeeding rates.
I liked this book. An alternative title could be An evidence based review of prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of congenital and perinatal infection. The editors, both recognised experts in perinatal infection, persuaded an international panel to provide up to date reviews of particular perinatal infections with key references up to 1999/2000. Despite clearly a short production time an inevitable weakness is that new data have become available after going to press. To keep costs down there are few illustrations and a lot of text. However, tables are widely used and the text is well broken up. One third of the book is devoted to references, so all the text is strongly evidence based, and statements are not based on authors opinion but on published literature.. There is an excellent introduction on the interaction between pregnancy, immunity, and infection and a thorough discussion on maternal infections and their consequences. This section ends with a review of the pitfalls and benefits of ...
A team from Duke University’s Developing World Healthcare Technologies Lab have discovered a way to extend the lifespan of antiretroviral drugs in order to prevent mother-to-child HIV transmission in developing countries.
Greetings from the editors as we bring forth the third issue of this year. The month of February is observed as the International Prenatal Infections Prevention month. This is to create worldwide awareness of the burden and impact of prenatal infections and to promote measures to improve maternal and neonatal outcome. Prenatal infections are infections that are transmitted to the fetus or newborn during the antenatal period or during delivery. Prenatal infections of obstetric and neonatal significance are viral infections like Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), Hepatitis B, Hepatitis E, Toxoplasmosis, Rubella, Cytomegalovirus, Herpes, Parvovirus, Varicella Zoster, bacterial infections like Syphilis, Group B Streptococcus, Listeria, tropical diseases like malaria and chronic diseases like tuberculosis to list a few. Around 2 to 3% of congenital anomalies are accountable to prenatal infections. HIV is a sexually transmitted or blood borne virus that affects the T lymphocytes in the body leading ...
Missed opportunities along the prevention of mother-to-child transmission services cascade in South Africa: uptake, determinants, and attributable risk (the SAPMTCTE).. Woldesenbet S, Jackson D, Lombard C, Dinh TH, Puren A, Sherman G, Ramokolo V, Doherty T, Mogashoa M, Bhardwaj S, Chopra M, Shaffer N, Pillay Y, Goga A, South African PET. PLoS One. 2015 Jul 6;10(7):e0132425. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0132425. eCollection 2015.. Objectives: We examined uptake of prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission (PMTCT) services, predictors of missed opportunities, and infant HIV transmission attributable to missed opportunities along the PMTCT cascade across South Africa.. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 4-8 week old infants receiving first immunisations in 580 nationally representative public health facilities in 2010. This included maternal interviews and testing infants dried blood spots for HIV. A weighted analysis was performed to assess uptake of antenatal and perinatal ...
Scientific Experts, Research Topics, Genomes and Genes, Publications, Species, Research Grants about infectious pregnancy complications
The purpose of this issue of Spotlight is to provide decision makers, program managers, and health workers with guidance on how to support HIV-positive mothers who choose to breastfeed so that they can minimize the risk of transmission and protect their own health and the health of their infant. For many HIV-positive mothers in resource-limited settings, breastfeeding is the only or the safest infant feeding strategy available.
Published Online, 2 June 2009,, DOI 10.1345/aph.1L689. The Annals of Pharmacotherapy: Vol. 43, No. 6, pp. 1028-1035. DOI 10.1345/aph.1L689 © 2009 Harvey Whitney Books Company. This Article Résumé Extracto Full Text PDF Alert me when this article is cited Alert me if a correction is posted HIV/AIDS Adverse Effects of Antiretrovirals in HIV-Infected Pregnant…
Pregnancy in HIV-infected women. Counseling and care--12 years experiences and results.: Although it is possible to reduce mother-to-infant transmission by zid
For HIV-infected women in good immune health, taking a three-drug regimen during pregnancy prevents mother-to-child HIV transmission more effectively than taking one drug during pregnancy, another during labor and two more after giving birth, an international clinical trial has found. The ongoing PROMISE (Promoting Maternal-Infant Survival Everywhere) study also has found that one triple-drug regimen […]. ...
During the first 4-6 months of life, infants should be exclusively breastfed. This means that the healthy baby should receive breastmilk and no other fluids, such as water, teas, juice, cereal drinks, animal milk or formula.
Pregnant women are putting themselves at risk of flu with potentially lethal complications because they are reluctant to be vaccinated, the RCGP has warned.
INTRODUCTION: Sub-Saharan Africa has 23.5 million cases of HIV and is home to 92% of the worlds HIV-positive pregnant women of whom 24% die of pregnancy related complications. Oral candidiasis is a common condition in ...
Less Than 1 in 5 Expectant Moms Knows the Three Main Benefits Designed to Support Breastfeeding, According to Research Commissioned by Byram Healthcare.
Ending paediatric AIDS is now within our reach thanks to the mass scale-up of prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) services. However, the treatment needs for children already living with HIV must to be urgently addressed.. ...
Ending paediatric AIDS is now within our reach thanks to the mass scale-up of prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) services. However, the treatment needs for children already living with HIV must to be urgently addressed.. ...
PLEASE NOTE: This review should be considered obsolete and outdated. Instead of this review, please refer to the following Cochrane reviews:. Read JS, Newell ML. Efficacy and safety of cesarean delivery for prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV-1. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2005 Oct 19, Issue 4.. Wiysonge CS, Shey MS, Sterne JA, Brocklehurst P. Vitamin A supplementation for reducing the risk of mother-to-child transmission of HIV infection. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2005 Oct 19, Issue 4.. Wiysonge CS, Shey MS, Shang JD, Sterne JA, Brocklehurst P. Vaginal disinfection for preventing mother-to-child transmission of HIV infection. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2005 Oct 19, Issue 4.. Volmink J, Siegfried NL, van der Merwe L, Brocklehurst P. Antiretrovirals for reducing the risk of mother-to-child transmission of HIV infection. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2007 Jan 24, Issue 1.. Horvath T, Madi BC, Iuppa IM, Kennedy GE, Rutherford G, Read JS.. Interventions for preventing late postnatal ...
In 2013, an estimated 1.5 million women living with HIV gave birth, accounting for nearly 20% of all births in sub-Saharan Africa (1). Although mother-to-child transmission rates are decreasing due to improved availability of antiretrovirals (1), there is now a large and rapidly growing cohort of HIV-exposed, uninfected infants. These children experience nearly twice the mortality rates compared to matched controls (7). The results of our study show that maternal HIV infection is associated with changes in the microbiome of HIV-exposed, uninfected infants. Furthermore, the HMO content trended toward being different based on maternal HIV status. Specific oligosaccharides appeared to be directly linked with specific bacteria within the infants microbiome. These data suggest that maternal HIV infection disrupts the normal development of the infant microbiome. This relatively immature and dysbiotic microbiome potentially could compromise development of the infants immune system. This may help to ...
More than 1 million HIV-exposed, uninfected infants are born annually to HIV-positive mothers worldwide. This growing population of infants experiences twice the mortality of HIV-unexposed infants. We found that although there were very few differences seen in the microbiomes of mothers with and without HIV infection, maternal HIV infection was associated with changes in the microbiome of HIV-exposed, uninfected infants. Furthermore, we observed that human breast milk oligosaccharides were associated with bacterial species in the infant microbiome. The disruption of the infants microbiome associated with maternal HIV infection may contribute to the increased morbidity and mortality of HIV-exposed, uninfected infants. ...
Discussion. Perinatal transmission of HBV still occurs in infants despite passive and active immunoprophylaxis. Rates of perinatal transmission have not previously been described in Australia. Our study revealed an overall rate of perinatal transmission from HBsAg- and HBV DNA-positive mothers of 3% and from HBeAg-positive mothers of 7%. In a Dutch study of 705 infants born to HBsAg-positive mothers,1 the rate of transmission was 1.1%, but their HBV DNA status was not disclosed. In contrast, alarmingly high rates of transmission (23%-28%)2,3 have been reported in other countries such as China, despite passive and active immunoprophylaxis. Explanations for these reported differences are unclear and may reflect variation in HBIG efficacy, varying adherence to immunisation protocols, or possibly different prevalences of vaccine escape mutations.. In our study, perinatal transmission only occurred when the mothers viral load was , 108 copies/mL. Canho et al1 also reported that transmission only ...
HIV-positive pregnant women who take a single dose of the antiretroviral drug nevirapine at delivery to prevent vertical HIV transmission later could ...
Introduction. Mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is the most significant route of HIV infection in children. In South Africa, the risk of vertical transmission from HIV-infected mothers to their infants is estimated to be between 19% and 36%, depending on whether or not the child is breastfed (1). The prevalence of infection with HIV among expectant mothers attending public-sector clinics was 27.9% in 2003 (2), and an estimated 75 000 infants would be born infected with HIV-1 in South Africa each year in the absence of programmes to reduce the risk of vertical transmission of HIV. International and local experience has shown that the provision of antiretroviral chemoprophylaxis and replacement feeding can cause a dramatic reduction in the risk of transmission from mother to infant in resource-constrained settings (3 8).. In 1999, the Department of Health of the Western Cape initiated the first pilot programme for the prevention of mother-to-child ...
A study led by researchers at The Saban Research Institute of Childrens Hospital Los Angeles suggests that maternal HIV infection influences the microbiome of their HIV-uninfected infants.
Brussels, 20 June 2002 New guidelines aimed at reducing mother-to-child transmission of HIV are emerging from European research. The guidelines for the treatment of various groups of HIV-positive patients are to be published on 28 June 2002. A comparable set of guidelines for paediatric patients will be published in July 2002. A consortium of 15 research teams from 7 European countries, has worked together to produce the set of guidelines for best practice. Their report highlights that certain precautions and the appropriate use of anti-retroviral therapy during pregnancy, labour and in the neonatal period can reduce the risk of mother to child HIV transmission (MTCT) from 15-20% (without intervention) to less than 2%. Mothers should undergo HIV testing, caesarean section, anti-retroviral therapy, and avoid breast-feeding. Children should undergo anti-retroviral testing after birth. The definition of HIV treatment guidelines that will limit the risk of mother-to-child transmission of the virus ...
BACKGROUND: Eliminating mother-to-child transmission of HIV (EMTCT), defined as ≤50 infant HIV infections per 100 000 live births, is a global priority. Since 2011 policies to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) shifted from maternal antiretroviral (ARV) treatment or prophylaxis contingent on CD4 cell count to lifelong maternal ARV treatment (cART). We sought to measure progress with early (4-8 weeks postpartum) MTCT prevention and elimination, 2011-2013, at national and sub-national levels in South Africa, a high antenatal HIV prevalence setting ( ≈ 29%), where early MTCT was 3.5% in 2010. METHODS: Two surveys were conducted (August 2011-March 2012 and October 2012-May 2013), in 580 health facilities, randomly selected after two-stage probability proportional to size sampling of facilities (the primary sampling unit), to provide valid national and sub-national-(provincial)-level estimates. Data collectors interviewed caregivers of eligible infants, reviewed patient-held ...
In 2011, Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS announced a plan to eliminate new HIV infections among children by 2015. This increased focus on the elimination of maternal to child transmission (MTCT) is most welcome but is insufficient, as access to prevention of MTCT (PMTCT) programming is neither uniform nor universal. A new and more expansive agenda must be articulated to ensure that those infants and children who will never feel the impact of the current elimination agenda are reached and linked to appropriate care and treatment. This agenda must addresses challenges around both reducing vertical transmission through PMTCT and ensuring access to appropriate HIV testing, care, and treatment for all affected children who were never able to access PMTCT programming. Option B+, or universal test and treat for HIV-infected pregnant women, is an excellent start, but it may be time to rethink our current approaches to delivering PMTCT services. New strategies will reduce vertical transmission ...
Despite expanded programs for prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission (PMTCT), HIV-infected infants may not be diagnosed until they are ill. Comparing HIV prevalence and outcomes in infants diagnosed in PMTCT programs to those in hospital settings may improve pediatric HIV diagnosis strategies. HIV-exposed infants |12 months old were recruited from 9 PMTCT sites in public maternal child health (MCH) clinics or from an inpatient setting in Nairobi, Kenya and tested for HIV using HIV DNA assays. A subset of HIV-infected infants |4.5 months of age was enrolled in a research study and followed for 2 years. HIV prevalence, number needed to test, infant age at testing, and turnaround time for tests were compared between PMTCT programs and hospital sites. Among the enrolled cohort, baseline characteristics, survival, and timing of antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation were compared between infants diagnosed in PMTCT programs versus hospital. Among 1,923 HIV-exposed infants, HIV prevalence was higher
Coinfection with the hepatitis viruses is common in the HIV population in sub-Saharan Africa. The aim of this study was to assess, in a cohort of HIV-infected pregnant women receiving antiretroviral drugs (ARVs), the prevalence of HBV and HCV infections and to determine the impact of these infections on the occurrence of liver toxicity and on the viro-immunological response. Women were screened for HBsAg and HCV-RNA before starting, at week 25 of gestational age, an antiretroviral regimen consisting of lamivudine and nevirapine plus either stavudine or zidovudine. Women with CD4+ | 350/mm3 continued ARVs indefinitely, while the other women interrupted treatment 6 months postpartum (end of breastfeeding period). Both groups were followed for 2 years after delivery. Liver function was monitored by alanine aminotransferase (ALT) measurement. The Cox proportional hazards model was used to identify factors associated with the emergence of liver toxicity. A total of 28 women out of the 309 enrolled in the
Fast facts: About 150,000 [Confidence bounds: 94,000-240,000] new HIV infections among children under five occurred in 2019, dramatically declining from 310,000 [200,000-500,000] in 2010 and representing a 52 per cent decline. Progress in reducing mother-to-child transmission of HIV has been dramatic since the introduction in 2011 of the Global Plan towards the Elimination of New HIV Infections among Children and Keeping their Mothers Alive - largely because of increased access to PMTCT-related services and increased number of pregnant women living with HIV being initiated on lifelong antiretroviral medicines. But it has not been fast enough to reach the 2020 targets set by UNAIDS and partners as part of the Super-Fast-Track Framework to end AIDS. Acceleration of treatment for all pregnant and breastfeeding women living with HIV is still needed to achieve elimination of new infections among children and halve HIV-related deaths among pregnant women and new mothers.
ABSTRACT. The HIV and AIDS epidemic in South Africa has reached serious proportions. Over 5, 5 million South Africans are infected with HIV (Department of Health, 2004:10). Mother to Child Transmission (MTCT) is a well-established mode of HIV transmission and these infections may occur during pregnancy, labour, delivery and breastfeeding. According to the Department of Health (2000:2), breastfeeding constitutes a significant risk of MTCT HIV transmission. Studies in Africa have also shown that breast-feeding increases the risk of MTCT by 12%-43% (Department of Health, 2000:13;Department of Health, 2000:3). Since breastfeeding is a significant and preventable mode of HIV transmission to infants, there is an urgent need to educate, counsel and support women and families to make informed decisions about how best to feed their infants in the context of HIV. To achieve a reduction in MTCT, there is an urgent need to empower women with information on MTCT for informed decision-making. However, ...
In most viral infections, protection through existing vaccines is linked to the presence of vaccine-induced neutralizing antibodies (NAbs). However, more than 30 years after the identification of AIDS, the design of an immunogen able to induce antibodies that would neutralize the highly diverse HIV-1 variants remains one of the most puzzling challenges of the human microbiology. The role of antibodies in protection against HIV-1 can be studied in a natural situation that is the mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) context. Indeed, at least at the end of pregnancy, maternal antibodies of the IgG class are passively transferred to the fetus protecting the neonate from new infections during the first weeks or months of life. During the last few years, strong data, presented in this review, have suggested that some NAbs might confer protection toward neonatal HIV-1 infection. In cases of transmission, it has been shown that the viral population that is transmitted from the mother to the infant is usually
Dr. Nancy HaigwoodMother-to-child transmission of HIV remains a significant problem in the resource-poor world. Given appropriate prenatal care, and continuation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) for mother and infant during breastfeeding, over 99% of HIV-positive women can expect to deliver a baby free of HIV. But there are still more than 200,000 infected infants born annually to HIV-positive mothers in countries where prenatal care and ART are not readily available. In addition, potentially less toxic interventions, not reliant on strict medication adherence, would clearly be welcomed.. amfAR-funded scientist Dr. Nancy Haigwood and colleagues at Oregon Health and Science University and the National Institutes of Health approached this problem through a monkey model. They examined mother-to-child transmission of a hybrid AIDS virus known as SHIV, which contains elements of both HIV and the simian AIDS virus, SIV. Writing in the April issue of the prominent journal Nature Medicine, Dr. Haigwood ...
PMTCT Challenge:. HIV can be transmitted from pregnant women to their infants. A short round of antiretroviral therapy (ART) can substantially reduce the risk of mother-to-child transmission. Can you prevent mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV by helping HIV-positive pregnant women adhere to an ART regimen?. Download the Challenge. Sayana® Press Challenge:. Many women in developing countries have an unmet need for contraception. Sayana® Press is an injectable contraceptive in a single-use package. Since the product is simple enough for community health workers or recipients themselves to administer, it may be particularly valuable for women who prefer injectable contraceptives but do not have regular access to health facilities. Can you train health providers on how to administer Sayana® Press?. Download the Challenge. Immunization Challenge:. Millions of infants in developing countries do not receive the routine immunizations recommended by the World Health Organization. Increased ...
Zika virus is an emergent flavivirus transmitted by Aedes genus mosquitoes that recently reached the Americas and was soon implicated in an increase of microcephaly incidence. The objective of the present study is to systematically review the published data and perform a meta-analysis to estimate the prevalence of microcephaly in babies born to Zika virus-infected women during pregnancy. We searched PubMed and Cochrane databases, included cohort studies, and excluded case reports and case series publications. We extracted sample sizes and the number of microcephaly cases from eight studies, which permitted a calculation of prevalence rates that are pooled in a random-effects model meta-analysis. We estimated the prevalence of microcephaly of 2.3% (95% CI = 1.0-5.3%) among all pregnancies. Limitations include mixed samples of women infected at different pregnancy times, since it is known that infection at the first trimester is associated with higher risk to congenital anomalies. The estimates are
TY - JOUR. T1 - Surveillance of pediatric HIV infection. AU - Wilfert, C.. AU - Beck, D. T.. AU - Fleischman, A. R.. AU - Mofenson, L. M.. AU - Pantell, R. H.. AU - Schonberg, S. Kenneth. AU - Scott, G. B.. AU - Sklaire, M. W.. AU - Whitley-Williams, P. N.. AU - Rogers, M. F.. PY - 1998/2. Y1 - 1998/2. N2 - Pediatric human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) surveillance should expand to include perinatal HIV exposure and HIV infection as well as AIDS to delineate completely the extent and impact of HIV infection on children and families, accurately assess the resources necessary to provide services to this population, evaluate the efficacy of public health recommendations, and determine any potential long- term consequences of interventions to prevent perinatal transmission to children ultimately determined to be uninfected as well as for those who become infected. Ensuring the confidentiality of information collected in the process of surveillance is ...
PubMed comprises more than 30 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.
The Recommendations for the Use of Antiretroviral Drugs in Pregnant Women with HIV Infection and Interventions to Reduce Perinatal HIV Transmission in the United States (Perinatal Guidelines) are published in an electronic format that can be updated as relevant changes in prevention and treatment recommendations occur. The Panel on Treatment of Pregnant Women with HIV Infection and Prevention of Perinatal Transmission (the Panel) is committed to timely changes in this document because so many health care providers, patients, and policy experts rely on this source for vital clinical information.. Major revisions within the last 12 months are as follows:. November 14, 2017. The guidelines text, appendices, and references were updated to include new data and publications where relevant. To facilitate access to relevant content, the guidelines now include three sections that will also appear in the Guidelines for the Use of Antiretroviral Agents in Pediatric HIV Infection: Maternal HIV Testing and ...
The Recommendations for the Use of Antiretroviral Drugs in Pregnant Women with HIV Infection and Interventions to Reduce Perinatal HIV Transmission in the United States (Perinatal Guidelines) are published in an electronic format that can be updated as relevant changes in prevention and treatment recommendations occur. The Panel on Treatment of Pregnant Women with HIV Infection and Prevention of Perinatal Transmission (the Panel) is committed to timely changes in this document because so many health care providers, patients, and policy experts rely on this source for vital clinical information.. Major revisions within the last 12 months are as follows:. November 14, 2017. The guidelines text, appendices, and references were updated to include new data and publications where relevant. To facilitate access to relevant content, the guidelines now include three sections that will also appear in the Guidelines for the Use of Antiretroviral Agents in Pediatric HIV Infection: Maternal HIV Testing and ...
More than one-fifth of HIV-positive pregnant women who take a single dose of the antiretroviral drug nevirapine to prevent mother-to-child HIV ...
y assessed he said. Pregnant women are exposed to hundreds of compoun... Our study demonstrates there are highly sensitive windows early in de...His earlier research demonstrated that four common nutritional supplem... There could be additive or synergistic effects between folic acid and...Of related concern soy is a staple of almost all laboratory mouse die...,Prenatal,genistein,in,soy,reduces,obesity,in,offspring,biological,biology news articles,biology news today,latest biology news,current biology news,biology newsletters
Get detailed information about role of antiretroviral prophylaxis and breast feeding in preventing hiv transmission from mother to child.
Despite significant increases in global health investment and the availability of low-cost, efficacious interventions designed to prevent mother to child HIV transmission (PMTCT) in low and middle income countries with high HIV burden, the translation of these scientific advances into effective delivery strategies has been slow, uneven and incomplete. As a result, pediatric HIV infection remains largely uncontrolled. The introduction of the Option B+ strategy - where HIV-infected pregnant women rapidly initiate lifelong antiretroviral therapy (ART) independent of disease status - has the potential to dramatically reduce HIV transmission during pregnancy, birth and the breastfeeding period, and as a result, it has been scaled up throughout high HIV burden countries in sub-Saharan Africa. Despite these significant investments to scale-up Option B+, results have been poor, with high rates of loss to follow-up and low viral suppression, leading to continued HIV transmission to children and ...
Certain infectious and parasitic diseases (A00-B99). *Complications of pregnancy, childbirth and the puerperium (O00-O9A) ... I23) Certain current complications following acute myocardial infarction *(I23.0) Haemopericardium as current complication ... I51) Complications and ill-defined descriptions of heart disease *(I51.0) Cardiac septal defect, acquired ... I23.1) Atrial septal defect as current complication following acute myocardial infarction. *(I23.2) Ventricular septal defect ...
Certain infectious and parasitic diseases (A00-B99). *Complications of pregnancy, childbirth and the puerperium (O00-O9A) ... G02) Meningitis in other infectious and parasitic diseases classified elsewhere. *(G03) Meningitis due to other and unspecified ...
According to the high maternal mortality rates, Haitian women and girls die from complications related to pregnancy and ... Infectious diseases and parasitic diseases are the most common causes of death in young children. Adolescent death is often a ... AIDS, intestinal infections and complications during pregnancy are responsible for most maternal deaths. Among the numerous ... Acute diarrheal disease, intestinal infectious diseases, perinatal infections, malnutrition and acute respiratory infections ...
Bánhidy F, Acs N, Puhó EH, Czeizel AE (2007). "Pregnancy complications and birth outcomes of pregnant women with urinary tract ... Infectious microorganisms can be ascending, hematogeneous, iatrogenic by a procedure, or retrograde through the Fallopian tubes ... Pregnancy interval makes a difference as women with a six-month span or less between pregnancies have a two-fold increase in ... usually before 32 weeks of pregnancy. Mild brain bleeds usually leave no or few lasting complications, but severe bleeds often ...
Increased infectious susceptibility in pregnancy may increase the likelihood of influenza complications such as pneumonia, ... Every year in the United States 875,000 women experience one or more pregnancy complications and 467,201 babies are born ... Women who suspect they are pregnant can schedule pregnancy tests prior to 9 weeks gestation. Once pregnancy is confirmed an ... Almost half (49%) of U.S. pregnancies are unintended, more than 3 million unintended pregnancies per year. The rate of ...
... and if the infection occurs during the first trimester of pregnancy, neurological complications such as microcephaly may occur ... It displays host tropism for human B cells through the CD21-gp350/220 complex and is thought to be the cause of infectious ... Aparna, Madhu Sharma; Yadav, Sarita (2008-12-01). "Biofilms: microbes and disease". Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases. ... the second most common cause of death due to an infectious agent. The cell envelope glycoconjugates surrounding M. tuberculosis ...
It may also cause complications during pregnancy. Trichomoniasis is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) which is most often ... Trichomoniasis (trich) is an infectious disease caused by the parasite Trichomonas vaginalis. About 70% of women and men do not ... Caution should be used in pregnancy, especially in the first trimester. Sexual partners, even if they have no symptoms, should ... The second diagnostic method is culture, which has historically been the "gold standard" in infectious disease diagnosis. ...
Pregnancy[edit]. Pregnancy can cause major complications when trying to properly dose the nutrient mixture. Because all of the ... effectiveness in prevention of hyperglycemia and infectious complications--a randomized clinical trial" (PDF). Critical Care ... Complications[edit]. TPN fully bypasses the GI tract and normal methods of nutrient absorption. Possible complications, which ... Other complications[edit]. Other complications are either related to catheter insertion, or metabolic, including refeeding ...
Lack of prenatal care, alcohol consumption during pregnancy, and drug use also cause complications which may result in infant ... The major contributors to postneonatal death are malnutrition, infectious disease, troubled pregnancy, Sudden Infant Death ... and maternal complications. Babies born with low birth weight increased to 8.1% while cigarette smoking during pregnancy ... therefore lessening the risk of complications in pregnancy and infant mortality. Others argue that adding diversity in the ...
... is the most common complication of early pregnancy. Among women who know they are pregnant, the miscarriage rate is ... Avoiding drugs, alcohol, infectious diseases, and radiation may decrease the risk of miscarriage. No specific treatment is ... A chemical pregnancy is a pregnancy that was detected by testing but ends in miscarriage before or around the time of the next ... Pregnancy loss is a broad term that is used for miscarriage, ectopic and molar pregnancies. The term fetal death applies ...
... studying the association between pregnancy complications and the presence of infectious agents in the placenta; 3) evaluating ... However, the methods for screening the low risk population for other complications of pregnancy such as fetal growth ... new predictive tests to detect a bigger proportion of pregnancy complications and to identify them earlier in pregnancy. ... A prospective cohort study of unselected primiparous women: the pregnancy outcome prediction study". BMC Pregnancy and ...
Further, ectopic pregnancy is a typical complication.[2] Surgical interventions can be done by laparotomy or laparoscopy. ... The usually infectious cause of the process was well known to physicians by the end of the nineteenth century.[5] With the ... A hematosalpinx is most commonly associated with an ectopic pregnancy. A pyosalpinx is typically seen in a more acute stage of ... IVF has now become the major treatment for women with hydrosalpinx to achieve a pregnancy. ...
More than 140 women die each day in Nigeria from pregnancy and childbirth complications-the world's second highest number of ... A pioneer in Africa in establishing the national Integrated Disease Surveillance and Response System for infectious diseases, ... Morocco faces multiple public health burdens: infectious diseases, high maternal mortality rates, a growing incidence of ... have been major contributors to reductions in morbidity and mortality from infectious and noncommunicable conditions. Many, ...
Vaccination is important to prevent serious infectious complications associated with the aforementioned diseases, which ... the mother was not taking antiretroviral drugs in the pre-pregnancy period or during pregnancy, the mother had not achieved ... HIV in pregnancy is the presence of an HIV/AIDS infection in a woman while she is pregnant. There is a risk of HIV transmission ... Pharmacokinetic and Toxicity Data in Human Pregnancy and Recommendations for Use in Pregnancy , ClinicalInfo". ...
The complications encountered in pregnancy from rubella infection (miscarriage, fetal death, congenital rubella syndrome) are ... People are infectious during the week before and after the appearance of the rash. Babies with CRS may spread the virus for ... Infection during early pregnancy may result in a miscarriage or a child born with congenital rubella syndrome (CRS). Symptoms ... Problems are rare after the 20th week of pregnancy. Rubella is usually spread from one person to the next through the air via ...
... infertility or complications during pregnancy if gestational weight gain is too low. Malnourishment can also cause anemia and ... and should be classified as underlying causes of death if followed by infectious diseases that are the terminal associated ... Wilson; Wolman, RL (1994). "Osteoporosis and fracture complications in an amenorrhoeic athlete". British Journal of ...
... and post-pregnancy complications. Most of the time, services that are provided for contraceptive health do not reach the at- ... Infectious diseases are still the number one cause of death for people in developing countries, whereas in the developed world ... making the indigenous population much more prone to complications related to pregnancy, delivery, or postpartum. In Guatemala, ... Guatemala is the country with the highest rate of maternal death related to pregnancy and delivery. This high rate is the ...
Bacterial vaginosis occurring during pregnancy may increase the risk of pregnancy complications, most notably premature birth ... Many infectious diseases have a risk of vertical transmission to the fetus. Examples include: Chickenpox Chlamydia Herpes ... such as causing pregnancy complications). A major component of this risk can result from necessary use of drugs in pregnancy to ... is a disease that is not directly caused by the pregnancy in contrast to various complications of pregnancy, but which may ...
Multiple births are related to increased risk of pregnancy loss, obstetrical complications, prematurity, and neonatal morbidity ... Spread of infectious diseaseEdit. By sperm washing, the risk that a chronic disease in the male providing the sperm would ... Pregnancy rateEdit. Pregnancy rate may be defined in various ways. In the United States, the pregnancy rate used by the Society ... Pregnancy rate. 47.6. 38.9. 30.1. 20.5 In 2006, Canadian clinics reported an average pregnancy rate of 35%.[9] A French study ...
... complications of pregnancy, childbirth, and the puerperium List of ICD-9 codes 680-709: diseases of the skin and subcutaneous ... List of ICD-9 codes 001-139: infectious and parasitic diseases List of ICD-9 codes 140-239: neoplasms List of ICD-9 codes 240- ...
Development of antibodies against β2-GP1 can lead to Antiphospholipid syndrome which often leads to pregnancy complications. ... Anti-β2-GP1 antibodies are found in both infectious and some systemic autoimmune diseases (eg. systemic lupus erythematosus ( ... "Beta2-glycoprotein I dependent anticardiolipin antibodies and lupus anticoagulant in patients with recurrent pregnancy loss". ...
... thromboembolic risk in pregnancy and labour; bacterial vaginosis and vertically-transmitted infectious diseases; prenatal ... the diagnosis and management of ostheoarticular and ocular complications of metabolic and other systemic diseases; the early ... the immunology of pregnancy, with the goal of clarifying mechanisms of phenomena such as sterility and poliabortivity; assisted ... including infectious diseases and environmental exposure; on the development and implementation of approaches, (such as the ...
Women who smoke during pregnancy are about twice as likely to experience the following pregnancy complications: premature ... There is evidence that breastfeeding offers protection against many infectious diseases, especially diarrhea. Even in babies ... more likely to smoke during pregnancy than those whose pregnancies were intended. Smoking during pregnancy can lead to a ... There is limited evidence that smoking reduces the incidence of pregnancy-induced hypertension, but not when the pregnancy is ...
The major contributors to postneonatal death are malnutrition, infectious disease, troubled pregnancy, Sudden Infant Death ... and maternal complications. Babies born with low birth weight increased to 8.1% while cigarette smoking during pregnancy ... but older women experience stress at a compounding rate and therefore have pregnancy complications aside from economic factors. ... therefore lessening the risk of complications in pregnancy and infant mortality. Others argue that adding diversity in the ...
These girls are also at high risk of pregnancy-related complications, including death. Moreover, many impregnated prostituted ... Prostituted children are at a high risk of catching many infectious diseases and sequelae, and they are at higher risk of ...
Infectious disease. Symptoms. Fever followed by rash[1]. Complications. Febrile seizures[1]. ... it may also spread from the mother to baby during pregnancy.[1] Diagnosis is typically based on symptoms but can be confirmed ... Complications may include febrile seizures, with serious complications being rare.[1][2] ... "Emerging Infectious Diseases. 5 (3): 353-366. doi:10.3201/eid0503.990306. PMC 2640789. PMID 10341172. Archived from the ...
आइसीजी सूची-9 codes 630-676:गर्भ,सन्तान प्रसव, और सूतिकावस्था की असरलतायें (Complications of pregnancy, childbirth, and the ... आइसीजी सूची-9 codes 001-139:फैलने वाले ओर परजीवी से संबंधित रोग (Infectious and parasitic diseases) ...
"Parvovirus B19 , Pregnancy and Fifth Disease , Human Parvovirus B19 , CDC". 2019-11-26. Retrieved 2020-10-29. Kwon ... Those who are immunocompromised (HIV/AIDS, chemotherapy) may be at risk for complications if exposed. In less than 5% of women ... Patients are usually no longer infectious once the rash has appeared. Teenagers and adults may present with a self-limited ... Mankuta D, Bar-Oz B, Koren G (March 1999). "Erythema infectiosum (fifth disease) and pregnancy". Can Fam Physician. 45: 603-5. ...
Complications. Main article: Complications of diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is typically a chronic disease associated with a ten- ... of islet cells in the pancreas and gestational diabetes that is a new onset of high blood sugars associated with pregnancy.[13] ... Abate N, Chandalia M (2001). "Ethnicity and type 2 diabetes: focus on Asian Indians". Journal of Diabetes and Its Complications ... Complications. Hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state, diabetic ketoacidosis, heart disease, strokes, diabetic retinopathy, kidney ...
Pregnancy[edit]. Although sebaceous gland activity in the skin increases during the late stages of pregnancy, pregnancy has not ... Infectious Diseases (Systematic Review). 16 (3): e23-33. doi:10.1016/S1473-3099(15)00527-7. PMID 26852728. Archived (PDF) from ... Rare complications from acne or its treatment include the formation of pyogenic granulomas, osteoma cutis, and acne with facial ... Pregnancy category refers to an evaluation of a substance's risk of injury to a fetus if used by the mother during pregnancy.[ ...
complications of pregnancy,. labour and delivery. placenta:. *Placenta praevia. *Placental insufficiency. *Twin-to-twin ... It may be infectious or non infectious.[3] In infectious conjunctivitis, the organism is transmitted from the genital tract of ... Infectious[edit]. Many different bacteria and viruses can cause conjunctivitis in the neonate. The two most common causes are N ... Non infectious[edit]. Chemical irritants such as silver nitrate can cause chemical conjunctivitis, usually lasting 2-4 days. ...
Women undergoing hormonal changes, like pregnancy or those on birth control pills.[medical citation needed] Atopy. ... "Oral complications of cancer and cancer therapy: from cancer treatment to survivorship". CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians. ... and Bennett's principles and practice of infectious diseases (7th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Churchill Livingstone/Elsevier. pp. ...
Past medical history (PMH/PMHx): concurrent medical problems, past hospitalizations and operations, injuries, past infectious ... to help diagnose or treat the main problem or any subsequent complications/developments. ... high-risk pregnancy, radiation oncology, etc. ... Genitalia (and pregnancy if the patient is or could be pregnant ... European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases ...
"Maternal Lyme borreliosis and pregnancy outcome". International Journal of Infectious Diseases. 14 (6): e494-8. doi:10.1016/j. ... Facial palsy may resolve without treatment; however, antibiotic treatment is recommended to stop other Lyme complications.[30] ... "Infectious Disease Clinics of North America. 22 (2): 217-34, v. doi:10.1016/j.idc.2007.12.013. PMC 2440571. PMID 18452798.. ... "Infectious Disease Clinics of North America. 29 (2): 325-40. doi:10.1016/j.idc.2015.02.006. PMC 4477530. PMID 25999227.. ...
Infectious disease. Symptoms. Fever, headaches, bleeding[1]. Complications. Deafness[1]. Usual onset. 1-3 weeks following ... "A prospective study of maternal and fetal outcome in acute Lassa fever infection during pregnancy". BMJ. 297 (6648): 584-7. ... It is possible to acquire the infection through broken skin or mucous membranes that are directly exposed to infectious ... Inhalation of tiny particles of infectious material (aerosol) is believed to be the most significant means of exposure. ...
Childhood blindness can be caused by conditions related to pregnancy, such as congenital rubella syndrome and retinopathy of ... Diabetic retinopathy: is one of the manifestation microvascular complications of diabetes, which is characterized by blindness ... and those who are blind from the effects of infectious diseases, but an increase in the number of people who are blind from ... an array of other health complications, and death.[39] When competing with ethanol for metabolism, ethanol is metabolized first ...
... depending on health status and pregnancy.[47][48] However, as a rule of thumb, people with primary lactase deficiency and no ... or other enteropathies when secondary lactase deficiency is suspected and infectious gastroenteritis has been ruled out.[2] ... Complications. Does not cause damage to the GI tract[2]. Usual onset. 30-120 min after dairy products[1]. ...
... as do a number of infectious diseases, including HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis.[9] Respiratory infections such as pneumonia do not ... Women who smoke during pregnancy may increase the risk of COPD in their child.[9] For the same amount of cigarette smoking, ... Complications. Acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease[2]. Usual onset. Over 40 years old[3]. ... an increasing population and an aging population due to fewer deaths from other causes such as infectious diseases.[2] Some ...
Post-operative complicationEdit. OSA can also occur as a serious post-operative complication that seems to be most frequently ... Women are at greater risk for developing OSA during pregnancy.[8]. OSA also appears to have a genetic component; those with a ... and OSA is fairly common in acute cases of severe infectious mononucleosis. Temporary spells of OSA syndrome may also occur in ... Complications include ulceration, infection, nerve weakness or numbness and swelling. These complications occur in less than 1 ...
The site of the surgery is left unbandaged to allow for frequent examination.[3] Complications can be the development of ... Pregnancy from rape. *Pregnant patients' rights. *Prenatal care. *Teenage pregnancy. *Preteen pregnancy ...
"Chickenpox in Pregnancy". March of Dimes (April 2007). *↑ சாவர்ப்ரை, ஆண்டிரியாஸ்; வுட்ஸ்லெர், பீட்டர் (டிசம்பர் 2001). "நான்கு ... "Is Necrotizing Fasciitis a complication of Chickenpox of Cutaneous Vasculitis?". பார்த்த நாள் 2008-01-18. ... "Onset of rashes in infectious diseases". lifehugger (2009-10-14). பார்த்த நாள் 2009-10-14. ... 10.0 10.1 10.2 Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (September 2007). "Chickenpox in Pregnancy" (PDF). பார்த்த ...
Pregnancy. Urinary tract infections are more concerning in pregnancy due to the increased risk of kidney infections. During ... A 2010 update by the Infectious Diseases Society of America and the European Society for Microbiology and Infectious Diseases ... Complications such as urinary obstruction from a kidney stone may be considered if symptoms do not improve following two or ... Bryan, Charles S. (2002). Infectious diseases in primary care. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders. p. 319. ISBN 978-0-7216-9056-8. . ...
complications of pregnancy,. labour and delivery. .mw-parser-output .nobold{font-weight:normal}. placenta:. *Placenta praevia ... Sepsis, anal fissure, infectious enterocolitis, Hirschsprung disease[2][3]. Prevention. Breast milk, probiotics.[2]. ... Long-term complications of medical NEC include bowel obstruction and anemia. In the United States of America it caused 355 ... More recently, ultrasonography has proven to be useful as it may detect signs and complications of NEC before they are evident ...
"Current opinion in infectious diseases 25 (1): 51-7. PMC 3266126. PMID 22156901. doi:10.1097/QCO.0b013e32834ef5ef.. ... Chu, C; Selwyn, PA (2011-02-15). "Complications of HIV infection: a systems-based approach". American family physician 83 (4): ... Tolli, MV (2012-05-28). "Effectiveness of peer education interventions for HIV prevention, adolescent pregnancy prevention and ... editor, Julio Aliberti, (2011). Control of Innate and Adaptive Immune Responses During Infectious Diseases. New York, NY: ...
In pregnancy. Gestation can predispose for certain digestive disorders. Gestational diabetes can develop in the mother as a ... This disease can have complications if an inflamed diverticulum bursts and infection sets in. Any infection can spread further ... result of pregnancy and while this often presents with few symptoms it can lead to pre-eclampsia.[52] ...
Infectious disease. Symptoms. Fever, joint pain[2]. Complications. Long term joint pain[2]. ... Less common modes of transmission include vertical transmission, which is transmission from mother to child during pregnancy or ... "Current Infectious Disease Reports. 13 (3): 218-28. doi:10.1007/s11908-011-0180-1. PMC 3085104. PMID 21465340.. ... "Emerging Infectious Diseases. 14 (3): 412-5. doi:10.3201/eid1403.070720. PMC 2570824. PMID 18325255.. ...
... certain infections during pregnancy such as toxoplasmosis or rubella, exposure to methylmercury during pregnancy, a difficult ... Osler also suspected polioencephalitis as an infectious cause. Through the 1890s, scientists commonly confused CP with polio.[6 ... but CP makes surgical complications more likely, even with improved techniques.[24] Hip migration can be managed by soft tissue ... It has been hypothesised that some cases of cerebral palsy are caused by the death in very early pregnancy of an identical twin ...
complications of pregnancy,. labour and delivery. .mw-parser-output .nobold{font-weight:normal}. placenta:. *Placenta praevia ... Infectious. *Vertically transmitted infection. *Neonatal infection *Congenital rubella syndrome. *Neonatal herpes simplex ...
Referral for counseling in a prenatal genetics clinic to discuss risks to the pregnancy (advanced maternal age, teratogen ... is well understood and offers the potential for dietary and medical management to prevent or reduce the long-term complications ... of the diet will change depending on the caloric needs of the growing child and special attention is needed during a pregnancy ...
"Infectious hair disease - syphilis". Retrieved 2011-11-17.. *^ "Drug-Induced Hair Loss". Archived from the ... Complications. Psychological distress[2]. Types. Male-pattern hair loss, female-pattern hair loss, alopecia areata, telogen ... Pregnancy. Hair loss often follows childbirth in the postpartum period without causing baldness. In this situation, the hair is ... actually thicker during pregnancy owing to increased circulating oestrogens. Approximately three months after giving birth ( ...
Other complications include inflammation of the tissue surrounding the liver,[60] a rare complication associated with Fitz-Hugh ... "BMC Infectious Diseases. 15: 364. doi:10.1186/s12879-015-1029-2. PMC 4546108. PMID 26293005.. ... chorioamnionitis during pregnancy; neonatal or adult blindness from conjunctivitis; and infertility. Men who have had a ... Gonorrhea if left untreated may last for weeks or months with higher risks of complications.[15] One of the complications of ...
... normal pressure hydrocephalus and infectious or post-infectious cerebellitis. Hereditary ataxias[edit]. Ataxia may depend on ... Most of the neurological complications improve completely after thyroid hormone replacement therapy.[18][19] ...
PregnancyEdit. Leukemia is rarely associated with pregnancy, affecting only about 1 in 10,000 pregnant women.[72] The ... Infectious mononucleosis, acute myeloid leukemia, lymphoblastic lymphoma, aplastic anemia[3]. Treatment. Chemotherapy, stem ... Complications. Infection, tumor lysis syndrome[2][3]. Usual onset. 2-5 years old[4]. ... Shapira T, Pereg D, Lishner M (September 2008). "How I treat acute and chronic leukemia in pregnancy". Blood Reviews. 22 (5): ...
... dietitian or professional nutritionist is to reduce the risk of developing complications in pre-existing conditions such as ... Pregnancy, Osteoporosis, Ulcer and so on.[12] ... Infectious disease. *Nephrology. *Oncology. *Pulmonology. * ...
Gene therapy typically involves the use of a non-infectious virus (i.e., a viral vector such as the adeno-associated virus) to ... Aquino CC, Fox SH (January 2015). "Clinical spectrum of levodopa-induced complications". Movement Disorders. 30 (1): 80-9. doi: ... A psychosis with delusions and associated delirium is a recognized complication of anti-Parkinson drug treatment and may also ... The dopamine dysregulation syndrome - with wanting of medication leading to overusage - is a rare complication of levodopa use ...
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (July 2012). "Food Allergy An Overview" (PDF). Archived from the original ... Requirements are also greater during childhood for growth and development, during pregnancy, or when breastfeeding in order to ... extremely low to prevent a mental disability and other metabolic complications. Phenylalanine is a component of the artificial ...
Infectious or not[edit]. One manner of proving that a given disease is infectious, is to satisfy Koch's postulates (first ... Vertical transmission, directly from the mother to an embryo, fetus or baby during pregnancy or childbirth. It can occur when ... In contrast, a secondary infection is a sequela or complication of a root cause. For example, pulmonary tuberculosis is often a ... Conversely, even clearly infectious diseases do not always meet the infectious criteria; for example, Treponema pallidum, the ...
Testing for Cytomegalovirus in Pregnancy Alda Saldan, Gabriella Forner, Carlo Mengoli, Nadia Gussetti, Giorgio Palù, Davide ...
... Summary. Summary: The co-occurrence of pregnancy and an INFECTION. The infection may ... You are here: Research Topics , diseases , bacterial infections and mycoses , infection , infectious pregnancy complications ... Listeriosis during pregnancy: a case series and review of 222 cases. Eleftherios Mylonakis. Division of Infectious Diseases, ... During pregnancy, it may result in obstetric complications, such as spontaneous abortion, intrauterine growth retardation, ...
... 0-9. A. B. C. D. E. F. G. H. I. J. K. L. M. N. ... OBJECTIVE: Pyelonephritis is a common infectious morbidity of pregnancy. Though anemia is commonly associated with ... Acute infectious morbidity in multiple gestation.  Dotters-Katz, Sarah K; Patel, Emily; Grotegut, Chad A; Heine, R Phillips ( ... The effects of anemia on pregnancy outcome in patients with pyelonephritis.  Dotters-Katz, Sarah K; Grotegut, Chad A; Heine, R ...
Infectious Complications of Pregnancy Termination. RAHANGDALE, LISA RAHANGDALE, LISA Less Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology. ...
Results of search for su:{Pregnancy complications, Infectious.} Refine your search. *Availability * Limit to currently ... Parasitic infections in pregnancy and the newborn / edited by Caroline L. MacLeod.. by MacLeod, Caroline L ... Three interlinked patient monitoring systems for HIV care/ART, MCH/PMTCT (including malaria prevention during pregnancy), and ...
Tag › infectious complications of pregnancy Intrauterine fetal death: analysis of possible causes and clinical study. Редактор ... infectious complications of pregnancy, N.V. YAKOVLEV, O.Yu. EVGRAPHOV, Practical medicine 08 (17) Innovative technologies in ...
... complications of pregnancy; conditions of work; cosmic rays; dehydration; economic aspects; health hazards; infectious diseases ... In appendices: legislation; list of infectious microbes, their source, effects in pregnancy, and control measures.. HSE Books, ... Infectious diseases and the mining industry Topics: arthropoda; Australia; hookworm infections; infectious diseases; lung ... This booklet describes the nature and causes of histoplasmosis, an infectious disease caused by inhaling spores of the fungus ...
... pregnancy complications** (15 [9%]); other infectious symptoms (10 [6%]); gastrointestinal (eight [5%]); cardiovascular (six [3 ... and Control of Infectious Diseases; C Weinbaum, MD, Emergency Operations Center Vaccine Task Force; Y Zheteyeva, MD, P Tosh, MD ... Additional vaccine trials of the H1N1 vaccines are being conducted by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases ... Guillain-Barré syndrome or pregnancy outcomes) and to estimate background rates for selected medical conditions, conduct case- ...
Pregnancy Complications. *Infectious. *Central Nervous System Infections. *Septicemia. *Sepsis; Listeria Monocytogenes. ... Listeriosis during pregnancy: a case series and review of 222 cases. Medicine (Baltimore). 2002 Jul;81(4):260-9. Review. ...
Pregnancy Complications, Infectious. Pregnancy Complications. Puerperal Disorders. Chlorhexidine. Chlorhexidine gluconate. Anti ...
We report the results of pathologic examinations of 2 fetuses from women in Colombia with Zika virus infection during pregnancy ... Prior pregnancy complications. Previous pregnancy complicated by Potter syndrome ending in stillbirth 2 mo before current ... Pregnancy outcome. Elective termination at 20 wks. Elective termination at 27 wks. ... Summary of 2 case reports involving fetuses examined after pregnancy termination who had severe neurologic defects attributed ...
Keywords provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID): Pregnancy. Pregnancy Complications, ... HIV Infections Pregnancy Drug: Indinavir sulfate Drug: Lamivudine Drug: Zidovudine Phase 1 ... National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID). Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and ... Further study details as provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID): ...
Trichomonas vaginalis and Candida albicans vaginal infections in pregnancy and to examine if the infections had any associa … ... Pregnancy * Pregnancy Complications, Infectious / epidemiology* * Pregnancy Complications, Parasitic / epidemiology* * Prenatal ... Trichomonas vaginalis and Candida albicans vaginal infections in pregnancy and to examine if the infections had any association ...
The success of tetanus, influenza, and pertussis immunisation during pregnancy has led to consideration of additional maternal ... Maternal immunisation has the potential to substantially reduce morbidity and mortality from infectious diseases after birth. ... Pregnancy Complications, Infectious / immunology * Pregnancy Complications, Infectious / prevention & control* * Prenatal Care ... 8 Paediatric Infectious Diseases Research Group, Institute of Infection and Immunity, St Georges, University of London, London ...
Zika exposure in pregnancy. *Infectious disease complications of pregnancy. *Vaginal birth after cesarean section (VBAC) ... Since starting my practice at MGH in 2006, I have been honored to take care of many women through multiple pregnancies and I ... Goldfarb, I, Little S, Brown, J, Riley L, Use of the combined tetanus-diphtheria and pertussis vaccine during pregnancy. Am J ... I have transitioned to caring for women with high risk pregnancies. My clinical areas of interest include vaginal birth after ...
Certain infectious and parasitic diseases (A00-B99). *Complications of pregnancy, childbirth and the puerperium (O00-O9A) ... I23) Certain current complications following acute myocardial infarction *(I23.0) Haemopericardium as current complication ... I51) Complications and ill-defined descriptions of heart disease *(I51.0) Cardiac septal defect, acquired ... I23.1) Atrial septal defect as current complication following acute myocardial infarction. *(I23.2) Ventricular septal defect ...
Certain infectious and parasitic diseases (A00-B99). *Complications of pregnancy, childbirth and the puerperium (O00-O9A) ... G02) Meningitis in other infectious and parasitic diseases classified elsewhere. *(G03) Meningitis due to other and unspecified ...
Pregnancy Complications/blood Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/blood Prevalence. Proteome. Quality Control. Risk factors ... Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology JAMA Journal of Clinical Oncology Journal of the National Cancer Institute. ...
Pregnancy Complications, Infectious. The co-occurrence of pregnancy and an INFECTION. The infection may precede or follow ... Pregnancy Tests, Immunologic. Methods of detecting pregnancy by examining the levels of human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) in ... Infectious-diseases Antiretroviral Therapy Clostridium Difficile Ebola HIV & AIDS Infectious Diseases Influenza Malaria Measles ... Pregnancy does not adversely impact diagnostic tests for HTLV-1/2 infection.". Mother-to-. child-transmission (MTCT) of human T ...
Postoperative Complications / etiology. Pregnancy. Pregnancy Complications, Infectious*. From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of ... Dengue / complications*, transmission*. Female. Hemorrhage / complications. Humans. Infant, Newborn. Male. Maternal-Fetal ... Title: Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America Volume: 18 ISSN: ...
Pregnancy. Pregnancy Complications, Infectious. Retrospective Studies. Chemical. Reg. No./Substance: 0/Anti-Retroviral Agents ... 15040518 - Heterotopic pregnancy in a large inner-city hospital: a report of two cases.. 9225638 - Pregnancy termination-- ... Scheduling more frequent HIV visits during pregnancy may establish a pattern that will improve attendance during the post- ... Multivariate analysis found the greater number of HIV visits during pregnancy and the prescription of combination therapy ( ...
Infectious Pregnancy Complications 2009; Nova Science Publishers.. (from left: June, 2009 in Utrecht; Peak tram, 2012 in Hong ... Smallpox during pregnancy and maternal outcomes. Emerging Infectious Diseases 2006; 12(7): 1119-1121. [Link]. 141. Nishiura H, ... The Journal of Infectious Diseases 2007; 195(7): 1007-1013. [Link]. 127. Nishiura H, Lee HW, Cho SH, Lee WG, In TS, Moon SU, ... International Journal of Infectious Diseases. 2016;45:95-7. doi: 10.1016/j.ijid.2016.02.017. [Journal][doi].. 5. Nishiura H, ...
Medical Complications in Pregnancy. Gynecology and Obstetrics Pathology 2018 (France) *Minimally Invasive Gynecologic Surgery. ... Infectious Diseases and Prevention. Internal Medicine Conference 2018 (Japan) *Infectious diseases: Diagnosis. Internal ... Internal Medicine and Infectious Disease. Internal Medicine 2018 (Canada) *Internal Medicine and Multi System Disease Process. ... Gynecology and Infectious disease. Gynecology and Obstetrics Pathology 2018 (France) *Latest innovation in gynecological ...
Complications of Pregnancy, Childbirth, and the Puerperium XII 680-709 Diseases of the Skin and Subcutaneous Tissue ... 053.1 Herpes zoster with other nervous system complications *053.10 Herpes zoster with unspecified nervous system complication ... 056.0 Rubella with neurological complications *056.00 Rubella with unspecified neurological complication. *056.01 ... 054.4 Herpes simplex with ophthalmic complications *054.40 Herpes simplex with unspecified ophthalmic complication ...
2019 Reboot Your Gut Optimizing Health and Preventing Infectious Disease (OMNS October 25… ... Multiple complications of pregnancy [15]. *Allergic diseases and food allergies [16,17] ... Transplant Infectious Disease Sep 10 [Epub ahead of print]. PMID: 31502737. 49. Yallapragada S, Nash C, Robinson D (2015) Early ... Reboot Your Gut Optimizing Health and Preventing Infectious Disease has no comments. Be the first to comment this post! ...
certain infectious and parasitic diseases (A00-B99). *complications of pregnancy, childbirth and the puerperium (O00-O9A) ...
certain infectious and parasitic diseases (A00-B99). *complications of pregnancy, childbirth and the puerperium (O00-O9A) ... K50.81 Crohns disease of both small and large intestine with complications K50.811 Crohns disease of both small and large ... K50.118 Crohns disease of large intestine with other complication K50.119 Crohns disease of large intestine with unspecified ... K50.818 Crohns disease of both small and large intestine with other complication ...
  • Parasitic infections in pregnancy and the newborn / edited by Caroline L. MacLeod. (
  • This is a shortened version of the first chapter of the ICD-9: Infectious and Parasitic Diseases . (
  • Verified by current World Health Organization and country-specific classifications, this comprehensive single volume effectively engages with the diagnosis and management of viral, bacterial, fungal and parasitic diseases that affect women in pregnancy. (
  • Parasitic Infections in Cohen, R. W. (Ed.), Complications of Pregnancy, 5th edition (702-3). (
  • Parasitic Diseases in Pregnancy in Infectious Diseases of the Female Genital Tract, 4th edition (578). (
  • The paper concludes that signifi cantly more research is required to gain a more complete understanding of the complex and varied effects of sex and gender on infl uenza infection and vaccination, and underscores the need to consider their interplay with any infectious disease of global concern. (
  • My research and public health work is in the area of perinatal infectious disease prevention and treatment. (
  • If you are interested in joining our group for training infectious disease modeling, please email me your CV and two names of referees. (
  • Since 1st April 2016, I have been in charge of running an independent department that excels into infectious disease modeling at Hokkaido University. (
  • The department is committed to training young scholars in ID modeling and improving regional preparedness and prevention programs against infectious disease epidemics. (
  • COPD Get the facts about chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), including symptoms and complications. (
  • Although this trend is exhib-ICU admission include maternal cardiac disease, trauma, anesthetic ited for all races, wide discrepancies still exist between white and non-complications, cerebrovascular accidents, and drug overdosage. (
  • Indirect obstetric admitted to an ICU ranges from 0% to 20%, with most series reportingdeaths arise from preexisting medical conditions, including diabetes, maternal mortality rates of less than 5% for all obstetric ICU admis-systemic lupus erythematosus, pulmonary disease, and cardiac disease sions.1,3-5,8 Several scoring systems are routinely employed in criticalaggravated by the physiologic changes of pregnancy. (
  • I urge everyone to be under the care of an infectious disease doctor . (
  • Syphilis can be passed from mother to infant during pregnancy , causing a disease called congenital syphilis. (
  • One of every 9 infants in the United States is born premature, or before 37 weeks of pregnancy, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control. (
  • Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Infectious Disease for December 2017. (
  • Rubella (German measles) is a common infectious disease that usually affects children. (
  • However, infectious disease and vaccine-preventable illnesses are still prevalent concerns in significant portions of the world. (
  • The U.S. Centers for Disease Control's Division of Global Migration and Quarantine works with U.S. Customs and Border Protection to monitor people who may be entering the U.S. with an infectious disease. (
  • There is also a specific disease surveillance infrastructure between the U.S. and Mexico border, called the Binational Border Infectious Disease Surveillance Program . (
  • So far, I've assisted with everything from Chagas tests (an infectious disease endemic to Bolivia) to dog bites and rabies vaccines. (
  • She is a member of the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Alpha Omega Alpha, the American Gynecologic and Obstetrics Society, the Society of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, and the Infectious Disease Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology. (
  • She acts as a pregnancy consultant to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and is an active member of the National Vaccine Advisory Committee. (
  • Indirect causes, in particular complications from infectious disease, account for about 20 percent of maternal deaths. (
  • A clinico-sociodemographic and microbiological survey was carried out at the Port Moresby General Hospital Antenatal Clinic to determine the prevalences of bacterial vaginosis, Trichomonas vaginalis and Candida albicans vaginal infections in pregnancy and to examine if the infections had any association with some suspected sociodemographic risk factors. (
  • The success of tetanus, influenza, and pertussis immunisation during pregnancy has led to consideration of additional maternal immunisation strategies to prevent group B streptococcus and respiratory syncytial virus infections, among others. (
  • Whilst sex and gender are known to have an impact on the vulnerability of people to a number of infectious diseases, the impact of sex and gender on exposure, susceptibility and immune responses to acute infections has not yet been explored comprehensively. (
  • Complications from these infections can ultimately result in amputation of the effected limb or even death. (
  • There are many complications that can arise from infections, even treated episodes. (
  • Many infections are tested right in the beginning of pregnancy as part of the antenatal care package. (
  • However, some infections can develop during pregnancy. (
  • Vaginal infections are very common and the incidence increases even more during pregnancy. (
  • The article presents pharmacoeconomic assessment of complications during pregnancy and their impact on the rise in children with neonatal infections over the urinary system. (
  • Studies also are looking at the various aspects of the association between vaginal infections and pregnancy complications. (
  • Patients are incapacitated because of pain and complications caused by secondary bacterial infections. (
  • The most common complications that may lead to maternal death are: postpartum hemorrhage, reproductive tract infections, eclampsia, unsafe abortion, obstructed labor, and serious infectious diseases. (
  • Endocrine-Disrupting Chemicals Threaten Women's Health Throughout Life [12/30/15] - This article is written about protecting young girls from premature puberty, but these same chemicals can also cause birth defects and other pregnancy problems. (
  • They reveal that one out of two pregnancies fails to come to term or results in a less than healthy child, that premature births and infertility are on the rise as this generation matures, while the ratio of male babies dwindles. (
  • The exact causes of premature birth and the related pregnancy complications of preeclampsia, spontaneous abortion and stillbirth remain unknown. (
  • The study sheds new light on an entrenched public health challenge - premature birth and the related pregnancy complications of preeclampsia, spontaneous abortion and stillbirth. (
  • Although the causes of premature birth and most pregnancy complications are not completely known, maternal infection is consistently identified as an important contributor, according to senior study author Sing Sing Way, MD, PhD , a pediatrician in the Division of Infectious Diseases and the Cincinnati Children's Perinatal Institute . (
  • The co-occurrence of pregnancy and an INFECTION. (
  • OBJECTIVES: Physiologic and immunologic changes in pregnancy result in increased susceptibility to infection. (
  • Pregnancy does not adversely impact diagnostic tests for HTLV-1/2 infection. (
  • Pregnancy Complications: Cytomegalovirus Infection. (
  • Treatment gets trickier during pregnancy, however, because some medications commonly used to treat tuberculosis infection can harm a developing fetus or a breastfeeding newborn. (
  • They suggest restricting the pregnant mother's immune cells from the placenta (the maternal-fetal interface) can protect against pregnancy complications during prenatal infection and those not caused by infection. (
  • Along with first author and Cincinnati Children's researcher Vandana Chaturvedi, PhD, the team used mouse models of human pregnancy to evaluate pregnancy outcomes after infection and experimental manipulations of maternal immune components. (
  • In humans, Listeria causes severe invasive infection in the mother during pregnancy with often fatal consequences for the fetus. (
  • You should always keep your doctor updated on the effects of your Giardia infection, especially if you are dehydrated , have blood in your feces, or have experienced diarrhea or any other debilitating complication for longer than two weeks. (
  • however be aware that for women who experience substantial malabsorption and weight loss, this infection may have a negative impact on pregnancy outcome. (
  • During pregnancy, your doctor may advise that you limit treatment to treating the symptoms associated with your infection. (
  • If a mother has an active syphilis infection during pregnancy, the bacteria may enter the baby's bloodstream and cause a variety of abnormalities, including malformations of the heart, eyes, bones, and mouth. (
  • Rubella infection during pregnancy, however, may have many serious effects on the baby, especially if the infection develops early in pregnancy when the organs of the fetus are just beginning to form. (
  • Since rubella infection in pregnancy is serious, a woman who is considering becoming pregnant should undergo testing to see if she is immune to rubella. (
  • The main source for infectious pathologies of newborn is the mother. (
  • We offer perinatology services, also known as maternal-fetal medicine, that provide compassionate support and state-of-the-art care for mothers who require specialized prenatal care during their pregnancies. (
  • Paired samples from 21 HTLV-1 infected women taken during pregnancy and while not pregnant were analysed by CMIA and PCR. (
  • The signal-to-cut-off values (S/CO) were higher during pregnancy than in the paired non-pregnant samples. (
  • The data on pregnancy-related mor-basic critical care monitoring in obstetrics and discusses conditions in tality in the United States between 1990 and 1997 indicate a ratewhich more intensive management of the pregnant patient may be of 11.8 deaths per 100,000 pregnant women (8.1 deaths per 100,000indicated. (
  • Pregnant women who have active tuberculosis need to be treated right away to prevent serious complications. (
  • The incidence of varicella is low in pregnant women, and estimated around 1/1000 pregnancies. (
  • Others are not pregnancy specific and can occur with equal frequency in pregnant and non-pregnant patients. (
  • If a pregnant woman thinks she may have acquired syphilis during pregnancy, she should tell her doctor immediately. (
  • Women who are at risk and are thinking about becoming pregnant, or those who are experiencing a high-risk pregnancy, may wish to consider perinatology services at Bon Secours. (
  • Perinatologists care for pregnant women who are at risk for complications. (
  • 12 Pregnant women with increased thrombin reserve and resistance to APC have increased levels of TNF-alpha and this may be important in the risk for adverse pregnancy outcomes. (
  • 2 In addition to the risks of severe illness and death for pregnant and recently pregnant people, there is an increased risk for adverse pregnancy and neonatal outcomes, including preterm birth and admission of their neonate(s) to an intensive care unit (ICU). (
  • Despite the known risks of COVID-19, as of September 18, 2021, 31.0% of pregnant people were fully vaccinated before or during their pregnancy. (
  • Pregnant and recently pregnant people with COVID-19 are at increased risk of severe illness, death, and pregnancy complications. (
  • Most miscarriages occur during the first 13 weeks of pregnancy, and many go unnoticed, due to the fact that some woman do not realize they are pregnant. (
  • These include a focus on improving the screening of apparently healthy pregnant women and identify those at high risk of complications. (
  • After completing my fellowship in Maternal Fetal Medicine at the Massachusetts General Hospital, I have transitioned to caring for women with high risk pregnancies. (
  • Death during childbirth and pregnancy-related complications, as well as congenital disorders, still remains a grave concern. (
  • Though anemia is commonly associated with pyelonephritis, there are little data describing the effect of pyelonephritis with anemia on pregnancy outcomes. (
  • Pregnancy outcomes and mother-to-child transmission rate in HTLV-1/2 infected women attending two public hospitals in the metropolitan area of Rio de Janeiro. (
  • Pregnancy outcomes and successful rate of nifedipine therapeutic protocol implementation in a hospital of San Juan. (
  • Other adverse pregnancy outcomes, such as stillbirth, have been reported. (
  • CINCINNATI - Preclinical research demonstrates for the first time that refocusing an expectant mother's immune cells to prevent them from attacking the fetus may be a therapeutic strategy for preventing pregnancy complications like stillbirth or prematurity. (
  • Normally "stillbirth" refers to pregnancy loss after 20 weeks. (
  • However, the methods for screening the low risk population for other complications of pregnancy such as fetal growth restriction (FGR), pre-eclampsia and stillbirth have remained largely unchanged for the past 20-30 years. (
  • Vaccination is the cornerstone of prevention, but is contraindicated during pregnancy. (
  • CDC strongly recommends COVID-19 vaccination either before or during pregnancy because the benefits of vaccination outweigh known or potential risks. (
  • Healthcare providers should communicate the risks of COVID-19, the benefits of vaccination, and information on the safety and effectiveness of COVID-19 vaccination in pregnancy. (
  • Accumulating data provide evidence of both the safety and effectiveness of COVID-19 vaccination in pregnancy. (
  • The few women who do catch chickenpox during pregnancy are always referred to a fetal medicine specialist for extra care and monitoring. (
  • Lo E, Moore DE, Patton DL, Agnew KJ, Eschenbach DA (2003) Relationship of vaginal bacteria and inflamation with conception and early pregnancy loss following in-vitro fertilization. (
  • The presence of bacteria (bacteremia) or other infectious organisms or their toxins in the blood (septicemia) or in other tissue of the body. (
  • The normal vaginal microenvironment is dominated by several Lactobacillus species that protect against overgrowth of endogenous bacteria and infectious pathogens. (
  • California Teratogen Information Service (CTIS) operates a Pregnancy Risk Information Line to promote healthy pregnancies through education and research. (
  • Thorough design of the POP study and careful sample collection allowed the creation of an extensive, optimally phenotyped biobank of complicated and healthy pregnancies, including approximately 230,000 blood and tissue samples stored in -80°C freezers, 24,000 formalin fixed placental biopsies, and 4,000 paternal DNA samples. (
  • Some degree of early pregnancy uterine bleeding accompanied by cramping or lower backache. (
  • Blood volume expands even more than in a singleton pregnancy to supply the extra baby/placenta, with uterine blood flow at only 25 weeks gestation already being equivalent to full term with a single baby and therefore your poor heart has to pump this enormous load. (
  • Nanowerk News ) A team of UCLA researchers has found a way to speed and simplify the detection of proteins in blood and plasma opening up the potential for diagnosing the early presence of infectious diseases or cancer during a doctor's office visit. (
  • The effects of anemia on pregnancy outcome in patients with pyelonephritis. (
  • Furthermore, while pregnancy is one factor contributing to a worse outcome in women, several additional risk factors may infl uence male-female differences. (
  • The Pregnancy Outcome Prediction (POP) Study is a prospective cohort study of 4,512 women that have never given birth recruited at the Rosie Hospital (Cambridge, UK) between January 2008 and July 2012. (
  • Prenatal protease inhibitor use and risk of preterm birth among HIV-infected women initiating antiretroviral drugs during pregnancy. (
  • BACKGROUND: Conflicting results have been reported among studies of protease inhibitor (PI) use during pregnancy and preterm birth. (
  • These estimates imply that around 100,000 infant deaths each year could be due to LBW caused by malaria during pregnancy in areas of malaria endemicity in Africa. (
  • Below 32 weeks of pregnancy, the CM virus can be transmitted through the breast milk and infect the preterm infant, if the mother is CMV-seropositive, meaning that she carries the virus inside her. (
  • Our maternal health programs in more than 25 countries focus on reducing maternal and infant mortality through pregnancy and prenatal consultations, emergency obstetric care, postnatal follow-up, and access to family planning services and safe abortion care. (
  • Serious, untreated complications during pregnancy or delivery can be fatal to both mother and infant. (
  • If a person seeking admittance to the U.S. is determined to have one of nine communicable infectious diseases (such as tuberculosis, yellow fever or pandemic flu), among others, the U.S. can deny admittance and/or quarantine the individual. (
  • Re-emerging infectious diseases are those that were once a health problem in a particular region or a country and are now emerging again. (
  • However, we found that pregnancy complications largely stem from harmful maternal immune cells that recognize and attack the placenta and other immunologically foreign tissues derived from the fetus. (
  • A miscarriage is the spontaneous loss of a fetus before the 20th week of pregnancy (pregnancy losses after the 20th week are called stillbirths). (
  • If the mother becomes primarily infected during pregnancy, the immune system of the fetus cannot cope with the virus yet. (
  • Some of these disorders are unique to pregnancy, such as pre-eclampsia or HELLP syndrome. (
  • Rare inherited platelet disorders associated with thrombocytopenia, such as May-Hegglin anomaly, may come to light during pregnancy, as pregnancy may be the first time the patient has a complete blood count (CBC) performed. (
  • Eclampsia and other hypertensive disorders of pregnancy are linked to high blood pressure and are characterized by seizures that can lead to coma and death. (
  • Three interlinked patient monitoring systems for HIV care/ART, MCH/PMTCT (including malaria prevention during pregnancy), and TB/HIV : standardized minimum data set and illustrative tools. (
  • Acute infectious morbidity in multiple gestation. (
  • OBJECTIVE: Pyelonephritis is a common infectious morbidity of pregnancy. (
  • Maternal immunisation has the potential to substantially reduce morbidity and mortality from infectious diseases after birth. (
  • How to know if you come down with measles during pregnancy and what you can do about it. (
  • Infectious diseases like measles, mumps and meningitis can impair hearing, most often in children. (
  • Many women across the world give birth without medical assistance, massively increasing the risk of complications or death. (
  • However, the impact of pregnancy on HTLV-1 diagnosis has not been clearly assessed. (
  • Pregnancy does not impair the diagnosis of HTLV-1/2, by either immunological (CMIA) or molecular (qPCR/nPCR) tests. (
  • It's important to get an early diagnosis so that treatment can begin right away, even during pregnancy. (
  • During pregnancy, malaria complications and especially if they are poor. (
  • 5 million insecticide-treated nets for 25 women are HIV/AIDS, malaria, complications of pregnan- countries in Africa. (
  • Influenza and emerging viral infectious diseases. (
  • Differential diagnoses for allergic conjunctivitis include but are not limited to infectious conjunctivitis (viral and bacterial) and vernal conjunctivitis. (
  • Childhood Asthma Childhood asthma facts, including causes, symptoms & complications. (
  • Pregnancy Facts about pregnancy, including symptoms you can expect to have. (
  • It isn't common, but risk rises during pregnancy & after, which is why you should know the symptoms. (
  • Signs of this would be a loss of pregnancy symptoms and the absence of fetal heart tones found on an ultrasound . (
  • However, a large number of affected newborns whose mothers got infected during pregnancy do not show any symptoms. (
  • Symptoms include rash, fever and cough and the virus can cause blindness, pneumonia, encephalitis and complications in pregnancy. (
  • 18 In humans, natural killer cells are inhibited by HLA-G via NKAT3, which contributes to the survival of the fetal semi-allograft in the mother during pregnancy. (
  • Newborns can suffer greatly from infectious diseases in the mother. (
  • The point of investigation of pediatrics is to decline the death rate of children and newborns, to control the spread of infectious diseases, for a long ailment free life. (
  • A pregnancy that ends on its own within the first 20 weeks of gestation is called a miscarriage . (
  • Studies reveal that anywhere from 10-25% of all clinically recognized pregnancies will end in miscarriage . (
  • In rare cases an ectopic pregnancy can look like a miscarriage. (
  • In rare cases, complications of miscarriage are seen. (
  • Miscarriage is the term used for pregnancy that ends "by itself", within the first 20 weeks of gestation. (
  • Miscarriage is the most common type of pregnancy loss, according to the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology. (
  • Approximately 15% of all pregnancies end in miscarriage. (
  • Pregnancy can be such an exciting time, but with the great number of miscarriages that occur, it is beneficial to be informed on miscarriage, in the unfortunate event that you find yourself or someone you know faced with one. (
  • Chickenpox is considered to be contagious for a couple of days before the rash shows (PHE 2015) , but is actually most infectious once the rash appears. (
  • It can be dangerous for you and your baby if you've never had chickenpox, and you catch it during pregnancy. (
  • Chickenpox during pregnancy can be harmful for mums-to-be as well as their babies. (
  • Chickenpox can sometimes lead to serious complications. (
  • The most common etiology of thrombocytopenia in pregnancy is gestational thrombocytopenia, occurring in 70% of cases. (
  • Your awareness of uncommon diseases and possible complications is vital to successful anesthetic patient management. (
  • Things are simply physically harder than singleton pregnancies, and therefore it is unsurprising that there are increased risks of complications. (
  • Nulliparous women with a viable singleton pregnancy were recruited to the POP study when attending their dating ultrasound scan at The Rosie Hospital (Cambridge, UK). (
  • 19 Despite the experimental data, clinical correlation between HLA-G expression and recurrent pregnancy losses has not been shown. (
  • Her areas of clinical and research expertise include medical and surgical complications of pregnancy with a focus on infectious diseases and immunizations in pregnancy. (
  • The UK National Institute for Clinical Excellence (NICE) has highlighted a number of research priorities in their guidelines for pregnancy care. (
  • The only clinical exclusion criterion was multiple pregnancy. (
  • Immunopathological evaluation of placenta from women with recurrent pregnancy losses of immune etiologies often demonstrate increased inflammatory cell infiltration at the implantation site and increased fibrin deposition on deciduas and/or perivillous placental membrane. (
  • During a pregnancy the developing fetal placental unit can be considered a semi-allograft, during which allogenic paternal HLA antigens are presented to a mother. (
  • But complications or incomplete placental separation can lead to continued bleeding, and without rapid medical intervention, a woman can quickly bleed to death. (
  • States with higher per- An intimate understanding of the physiologic changes of pregnancy centages of births to African-American women are also those with theis essential in managing critically ill patients. (
  • There is an expected physiologic drop in the platelet count during pregnancy so that a platelet count below the lower limit of normal is usually not concerning until the platelet count reaches 100,000 to 115,00/ul. (
  • 1 , 2 Recurrent pregnancy loss is typically defined as two or three or more consecutive pregnancy losses. (
  • 7 These findings and others have suggested that inflammation and coagulation play a role in recurrent pregnancy loss. (
  • HIV can be passed to your baby during pregnancy, labor, delivery, and through breastfeeding. (
  • Most miscarriages occur during the first 13 weeks of pregnancy . (
  • Women who lose a baby after 20 weeks of pregnancy receive different medical care. (
  • Hieronder staan het programma en de vakomschrijvingen van BSc LS&T: major Behaviour and Neurosciences (cohort 2018 and 2019) Klik op de naam van een vak in een schema om naar de omschrijving te gaan. (
  • It is sometimes caused by viruses such as Coxsackie B viruses, certain diseases, severe anemia or nutritional deficiencies, and rare pregnancy complications. (
  • Getting a COVID-19 vaccine can prevent severe illness, death, and pregnancy complications related to COVID-19. (