Powders: Substances made up of an aggregation of small particles, as that obtained by grinding or trituration of a solid drug. In pharmacy it is a form in which substances are administered. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Dry Powder Inhalers: A device that delivers medication to the lungs in the form of a dry powder.Powder Diffraction: Method of using a polycrystalline powder and Rietveld refinement (LEAST SQUARES ANALYSIS) of X-RAY DIFFRACTION or NEUTRON DIFFRACTION. It circumvents the difficulties of producing single large crystals.Chemistry, Pharmaceutical: Chemistry dealing with the composition and preparation of agents having PHARMACOLOGIC ACTIONS or diagnostic use.Particle Size: Relating to the size of solids.Excipients: Usually inert substances added to a prescription in order to provide suitable consistency to the dosage form. These include binders, matrix, base or diluent in pills, tablets, creams, salves, etc.Technology, Pharmaceutical: The application of scientific knowledge or technology to pharmacy and the pharmaceutical industry. It includes methods, techniques, and instrumentation in the manufacture, preparation, compounding, dispensing, packaging, and storing of drugs and other preparations used in diagnostic and determinative procedures, and in the treatment of patients.Drug Compounding: The preparation, mixing, and assembling of a drug. (From Remington, The Science and Practice of Pharmacy, 19th ed, p1814)Freeze Drying: Method of tissue preparation in which the tissue specimen is frozen and then dehydrated at low temperature in a high vacuum. This method is also used for dehydrating pharmaceutical and food products.Tablets: Solid dosage forms, of varying weight, size, and shape, which may be molded or compressed, and which contain a medicinal substance in pure or diluted form. (Dorland, 28th ed)Administration, Inhalation: The administration of drugs by the respiratory route. It includes insufflation into the respiratory tract.Aerosols: Colloids with a gaseous dispersing phase and either liquid (fog) or solid (smoke) dispersed phase; used in fumigation or in inhalation therapy; may contain propellant agents.Nebulizers and Vaporizers: Devices that cause a liquid or solid to be converted into an aerosol (spray) or a vapor. It is used in drug administration by inhalation, humidification of ambient air, and in certain analytical instruments.Talc: Finely powdered native hydrous magnesium silicate. It is used as a dusting powder, either alone or with starch or boric acid, for medicinal and toilet preparations. It is also an excipient and filler for pills, tablets, and for dusting tablet molds. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)X-Ray Diffraction: The scattering of x-rays by matter, especially crystals, with accompanying variation in intensity due to interference effects. Analysis of the crystal structure of materials is performed by passing x-rays through them and registering the diffraction image of the rays (CRYSTALLOGRAPHY, X-RAY). (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Microscopy, Electron, Scanning: Microscopy in which the object is examined directly by an electron beam scanning the specimen point-by-point. The image is constructed by detecting the products of specimen interactions that are projected above the plane of the sample, such as backscattered electrons. Although SCANNING TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY also scans the specimen point by point with the electron beam, the image is constructed by detecting the electrons, or their interaction products that are transmitted through the sample plane, so that is a form of TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY.Cacao: A tree of the family Sterculiaceae (or Byttneriaceae), usually Theobroma cacao, or its seeds, which after fermentation and roasting, yield cocoa and chocolate.Lactose: A disaccharide of GLUCOSE and GALACTOSE in human and cow milk. It is used in pharmacy for tablets, in medicine as a nutrient, and in industry.Calorimetry, Differential Scanning: Differential thermal analysis in which the sample compartment of the apparatus is a differential calorimeter, allowing an exact measure of the heat of transition independent of the specific heat, thermal conductivity, and other variables of the sample.Desiccation: Removal of moisture from a substance (chemical, food, tissue, etc.).Gloves, Surgical: Gloves, usually rubber, worn by surgeons, examining physicians, dentists, and other health personnel for the mutual protection of personnel and patient.Thermogravimetry: Technique whereby the weight of a sample can be followed over a period of time while its temperature is being changed (usually increased at a constant rate).Capsules: Hard or soft soluble containers used for the oral administration of medicine.Drug Carriers: Forms to which substances are incorporated to improve the delivery and the effectiveness of drugs. Drug carriers are used in drug-delivery systems such as the controlled-release technology to prolong in vivo drug actions, decrease drug metabolism, and reduce drug toxicity. Carriers are also used in designs to increase the effectiveness of drug delivery to the target sites of pharmacological actions. Liposomes, albumin microspheres, soluble synthetic polymers, DNA complexes, protein-drug conjugates, and carrier erythrocytes among others have been employed as biodegradable drug carriers.Lubrication: The application of LUBRICANTS to diminish FRICTION between two surfaces.Materials Testing: The testing of materials and devices, especially those used for PROSTHESES AND IMPLANTS; SUTURES; TISSUE ADHESIVES; etc., for hardness, strength, durability, safety, efficacy, and biocompatibility.Solubility: The ability of a substance to be dissolved, i.e. to form a solution with another substance. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Plant Extracts: Concentrated pharmaceutical preparations of plants obtained by removing active constituents with a suitable solvent, which is evaporated away, and adjusting the residue to a prescribed standard.Drug Stability: The chemical and physical integrity of a pharmaceutical product.Differential Thermal Analysis: Technique by which phase transitions of chemical reactions can be followed by observation of the heat absorbed or liberated.Dosage Forms: Completed forms of the pharmaceutical preparation in which prescribed doses of medication are included. They are designed to resist action by gastric fluids, prevent vomiting and nausea, reduce or alleviate the undesirable taste and smells associated with oral administration, achieve a high concentration of drug at target site, or produce a delayed or long-acting drug effect.Metered Dose Inhalers: A small aerosol canister used to release a calibrated amount of medication for inhalation.Albuterol: A short-acting beta-2 adrenergic agonist that is primarily used as a bronchodilator agent to treat ASTHMA. Albuterol is prepared as a racemic mixture of R(-) and S(+) stereoisomers. The stereospecific preparation of R(-) isomer of albuterol is referred to as levalbuterol.Mesothelioma: A tumor derived from mesothelial tissue (peritoneum, pleura, pericardium). It appears as broad sheets of cells, with some regions containing spindle-shaped, sarcoma-like cells and other regions showing adenomatous patterns. Pleural mesotheliomas have been linked to exposure to asbestos. (Dorland, 27th ed)Pleural Neoplasms: Neoplasms of the thin serous membrane that envelopes the lungs and lines the thoracic cavity. Pleural neoplasms are exceedingly rare and are usually not diagnosed until they are advanced because in the early stages they produce no symptoms.Rare Diseases: A large group of diseases which are characterized by a low prevalence in the population. They frequently are associated with problems in diagnosis and treatment.Liability, Legal: Accountability and responsibility to another, enforceable by civil or criminal sanctions.Malpractice: Failure of a professional person, a physician or lawyer, to render proper services through reprehensible ignorance or negligence or through criminal intent, especially when injury or loss follows. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)African Americans: Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the black groups of Africa.Indians, North American: Individual members of North American ethnic groups with ancient historic ancestral origins in Asia.Science: The study of natural phenomena by observation, measurement, and experimentation.Asian Americans: Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the original peoples of the Far East, Southeast Asia, or the Indian subcontinent.Mexican Americans: Persons living in the United States of Mexican descent.Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Starch: Any of a group of polysaccharides of the general formula (C6-H10-O5)n, composed of a long-chain polymer of glucose in the form of amylose and amylopectin. It is the chief storage form of energy reserve (carbohydrates) in plants.Animal Fins: Membranous appendage of fish and other aquatic organisms used for locomotion or balance.Calcium Phosphates: Calcium salts of phosphoric acid. These compounds are frequently used as calcium supplements.Construction Materials: Supplies used in building.Coffee: A beverage made from ground COFFEA beans (SEEDS) infused in hot water. It generally contains CAFFEINE and THEOPHYLLINE unless it is decaffeinated.Crush Syndrome: Severe systemic manifestation of trauma and ischemia involving soft tissues, principally skeletal muscle, due to prolonged severe crushing. It leads to increased permeability of the cell membrane and to the release of potassium, enzymes, and myoglobin from within cells. Ischemic renal dysfunction secondary to hypotension and diminished renal perfusion results in acute tubular necrosis and uremia.Soft Tissue Injuries: Injuries of tissue other than bone. The concept is usually general and does not customarily refer to internal organs or viscera. It is meaningful with reference to regions or organs where soft tissue (muscle, fat, skin) should be differentiated from bones or bone tissue, as "soft tissue injuries of the hand".Ice: The solid substance formed by the FREEZING of water.

Complementary effects of bifidogenic growth stimulators and ammonium sulfate in natural rubber serum powder on Bifidobacterium bifidum. (1/772)

Natural rubber serum powder, rich in crude protein and carbohydrates, had a strong growth-stimulating activity for Bifidobacterium bifidum JCM 1254, which was unable to grow in a fully synthetic medium, B12 assay medium. Natural rubber serum powder was fractionated by ultrafiltration (molecular weight cutoff 1000). The active ultrafiltrate was further concentrated and desalted with an adsorptive microconcentrator, which adsorbs virtually all amino acids and peptides. Through this purification step, it was found that the adsorbed fraction obtained did not stimulate growth independently but acted complementarily with a small amount of ammonium sulfate. The adsorbed fraction was subsequently analyzed on reversed-phase high pressure liquid chromatography, and the activities of the eluates were measured on B12 assay medium with ammonium sulfate. Consequently, it was proved that several peptidic ingredients in the adsorbed fraction increased the growth of B. bifidum.  (+info)

Systemic availability of budesonide after nasal administration of three different formulations: pressurized aerosol, aqueous pump spray, and powder. (2/772)

AIMS: The present study was undertaken to determine the absolute systemic availability of budesonide from three different devices for nasal administration: pressurized aerosol, aqueous pump spray, and powder. METHODS: Sixteen healthy, non-smoking, volunteers participated in this open, randomized, and crossover study. All subjects received budesonide as an intravenous dose of 400 microg, and as three, single-dose, intranasal administrations: pressurized aerosol 800 microg, aqueous pump spray 400 microg, and powder 800 microg. Blood was sampled for 10 h after each administration and budesonide was assayed in plasma by liquid chromatography plus mass spectrometry. RESULTS: The mean [95% CI] systemic availability of budesonide with reference to the metered dose was: 13 [10; 15]%, 29 [23; 37]%, and 20 [16; 23]%, and the maximum plasma concentration (Cmax) was attained at (tmax) 2.0, 0.7, and 0.4 h after administration for the pressurized aerosol, aqueous pump spray, and powder, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The uptake of budesonide was more rapid and more complete, and the systemic availability of the drug was significantly higher from the aqueous pump spray and powder than from the pressurized aerosol.  (+info)

Evolution of the internal dynamics of two globular proteins from dry powder to solution. (3/772)

Myoglobin and lysozyme picosecond internal dynamics in solution is compared to that in hydrated powders by quasielastic incoherent neutron scattering. This technique is sensitive to the motions of the nonexchangeable hydrogen atoms in a sample. Because these are homogeneously distributed throughout the protein structure, the average dynamics of the protein is described. We first propose an original data treatment to deal with the protein global motions in the case of solution samples. The validity of this treatment is checked by comparison with classical measurements of the diffusion constants. The evolution with the scattering vector of the width and relative contribution of the quasielastic component was then used to derive information on the amount of local diffusive motions and their characteristic average relaxation time. From dry powder to coverage by one water layer, the surface side chains progressively acquire the possibility to diffuse locally. On subsequent hydration, the main effect of water is to improve the rate of these diffusive motions. Motions with higher average amplitude occur in solution, about three times more than for a hydrated powder at complete coverage, with a shorter average relaxation time, approximately 4.5 ps compared to 9.4 ps for one water monolayer.  (+info)

Liquid concentrates are lower in bioavailable tryptophan than powdered infant formulas, and tryptophan supplementation of formulas increases brain tryptophan and serotonin in rats. (4/772)

The bioavailability of tryptophan in powdered and/or liquid concentrate forms of milk-based infant formulas was determined by studying rat growth response by using a slope ratio method (food conversion efficiency: weight gain/food consumed vs. tryptophan consumed). A gelatin basal diet formulated to be adequate in all nutrients, except tryptophan (0.03%), for rat growth was supplemented with graded levels of crystalline L-tryptophan (0.02, 0. 04, 0.06, 0.08, 0.10, 0.12 and 0.14%, standard diets) or infant formulas providing 0.04 and 0.08% supplemental tryptophan (test diets). These diets were fed to weanling rats for 2 wk. Tryptophan bioavailabilities of various formulas varied from 83 to 95%, with some of the liquid concentrates having the lowest values. The levels of bioavailable tryptophan in the liquid concentrate forms (9.7-12.6 mg/g protein) and the powdered forms (11.1-13.1 mg/g protein) were considerably lower than those of human milk (17-19 mg/g protein). Supplementation of the liquid concentrates with graded levels of L-tryptophan (0.1, 0.5 and 1.0%) had no effect on protein quality indices, based on rat growth, but resulted in a dose-related increase in the concentrations of tryptophan in the plasma and brain and of serotonin and 5-hydroxyindole-3-acetic acid in the brains of rats. This study supports further research to investigate the influence of tryptophan supplementation of infant formulas, to more closely simulate tryptophan composition of human milk, on tryptophan metabolites and their potential related effects on sleep latency and neurobehavioral developments in infants.  (+info)

Dose-proportional pharmacokinetics of budesonide inhaled via Turbuhaler. (5/772)

AIMS: The present pharmacokinetic study was undertaken to determine the dose proportionality of three different doses of budesonide-400 microg, 800 microg or 1600 microg administered twice daily by a dry-powder inhaler (Turbuhaler ) in adult patients with mild asthma. METHODS: A total of 38 patients received budesonide by inhalation, 13 received 400 microg twice daily, 12 received 800 microg twice daily and 13 received 1600 microg twice daily. Mean FEV1 at inclusion was 3.4, 4.0 and 3.9 l min-1 in the three groups, respectively. Blood samples were taken after a single dose, and after 3 weeks of daily treatment, for pharmacokinetic evaluation. Plasma concentrations of budesonide were determined by liquid chromatography plus mass spectrometry. RESULTS: Eleven evaluable patients remained in each dose group. Mean time to peak budesonide plasma concentration (tmax ) was short (0.28-0.40 h) and did not differ between treatment groups. Budesonide concentrations declined rapidly thereafter, indicating efficient pulmonary absorption and rapid elimination with a half-life of approximately 3 h. Cmax was 1. 4(2.0) nmol l-1 (single (repeated) doses), 2.6(3.6) nmol l-1 and 5. 4(6.4) nmol l-1 after 400, 800 and 1600 microg twice daily, respectively. The corresponding results for the area under the plasma concentration vs time curve (AUC) were 271(325), 490(628) and 915(1096) nmol l-1 min. Ninety percent confidence intervals for pairwise dose-normalized Cmax and AUC comparisons between groups were large but contained unity in all cases, thus indicating dose-proportional pharmacokinetics. Regression on analysis supported these findings. Mean AUC after repeated doses (AUC(0,12 h,RD)) was on average 23% higher than the mean AUC after single doses (AUC(0, infinity,SD)(P=0.04) with no significant differences between doses, indicating slight accumulation following bid dosing. CONCLUSIONS: In this relatively small study, budesonide inhaled via Turbuhaler appeared to have dose-proportional pharmacokinetics, both within and above the clinically recommended dose range for asthmatic patients.  (+info)

Sitostanol administered in lecithin micelles potently reduces cholesterol absorption in humans. (6/772)

BACKGROUND: Phytosterol feeding in human clinical trials has had generally small and inconsistent effects on serum cholesterol concentrations, raising doubts about the importance of phytosterols in natural diets and supplements. OBJECTIVE: The hypothesis tested was that the low intestinal bioavailability of purified phytosterols can be increased by formulation with lecithin. DESIGN: The ability of sitostanol to reduce cholesterol absorption was measured directly by including hexadeuterated cholesterol tracer in a standard test breakfast and measuring plasma tracer concentration 4 and 5 d later by gas chromatography-negative ion mass spectrometry. The tracer amount after a test meal containing sitostanol was compared with that after an identical meal containing placebo. Each subject served as his or her own control and the order of testing was random. Sitostanol was formulated either as a powder or as a sonicated micellar solution with lecithin. A total of 38 single-meal tests were performed in 6 healthy subjects. RESULTS: Sitostanol powder (1 g) reduced cholesterol absorption by only 11.3 +/- 7.4% (P = 0.2), confirming in vitro data showing poor solubility of sitostanol powder in artificial bile. In contrast, sitostanol in lecithin micelles reduced cholesterol absorption by 36.7 +/- 4.2% (P = 0.003) at a dose of 700 mg and by 34.4 +/- 5.8% (P = 0.01) at a dose of 300 mg. CONCLUSIONS: Sitostanol reduced cholesterol absorption at doses lower than reported previously, but only if presented in lecithin micelles. Properly formulated sitostanol as well as naturally occurring complexes of phytosterol and phospholipid might be therapeutically useful for cholesterol lowering.  (+info)

Small intestine contrast ultrasonography. (7/772)

The entire small bowel can be visualized on ultrasonography after ingestion of nonabsorbable, isosmotic polyethylene glycol electrolyte balanced oral solution, termed small intestine contrast ultrasonography. The aims of this study were to assess whether the ingestion of different volumes of sonographic contrast solution may differently affect (1) small bowel distention and thus its sonographic appearance and (2) the time to visualize the entire small intestine. An additional aim was to identify the minimal amount of contrast solution necessary to visualize the entire small bowel. An ultrasonographic examination of the abdomen was performed twice in six healthy subjects after the ingestion of the isosmotic polyethylene glycol solution. During the first investigation each subject was asked to drink increasing amounts of sonographic contrast solution until the jejunum was visualized at ultrasonography. During the second investigation each subject was asked to drink increasing amounts of sonographic contrast solution, not to exceed a total volume of 260 ml. At the first examination the entire small bowel was visualized 39.3 +/- 17 min after ingestion of 647 +/- 105 ml of contrast solution. At the second examination the entire small bowel was visualized 43.5 +/- 13.5 min (not significant with respect to the first study) after the ingestion of 239 +/- 32 ml of contrast solution (P < 0.01 versus the first study). The mean luminal diameter and wall thickness at three intestinal levels did not differ in the two studies and were not statistically related to the amount of ingested sonographic contrast solution. Loose stools were the only side effect and were reported after the ingestion of more than 600 ml. Ultrasonography offers reproducible information on the morphology of the contrast agent-filled small bowel after ingestion of a wide range of volumes (175 to 820 ml) of isosmotic polyethylene glycol electrolyte balanced solution. On average, the entire small intestine could be visualized on ultrasonography by about 45 min after the ingestion of 600 ml or less of contrast solution without any side effects.  (+info)

Garlic powder, effect on plasma lipids, postprandial lipemia, low-density lipoprotein particle size, high-density lipoprotein subclass distribution and lipoprotein(a). (8/772)

OBJECTIVES: To test the hypothesis that a garlic supplement alters plasma lipoproteins, postprandial lipemia, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) size and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) subclass distribution differently in 50 moderately hypercholesterolemic subjects classified as LDL subclass pattern A or B. BACKGROUND: Garlic has been variably reported to reduce or not affect plasma cholesterol values. Low-density lipoprotein pattern B is a common inherited disorder of lipoprotein metabolism that has been shown to have a significantly greater response to several lipid lowering treatments including low fat diet when compared with LDL pattern A individuals. METHODS: A double blind, randomized, placebo controlled trial in an outpatient lipid research clinic was performed and included fifty moderately hypercholesterolemic subjects (mean LDL cholesterol = 166 +/- 22 mg/dl) classified as LDL subclass pattern A (predominantly large LDL, n = 22) or B (predominantly small LDL, n = 28). Following a two-month stabilization period, subjects were randomly assigned to a placebo or 300 mg three times a day of a standardized garlic tablet for three months. RESULTS: For all subjects, LDL pattern A and B subjects combined, garlic treatment for three months resulted in no significant change in total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, HDL subclass distribution, postprandial triglycerides, apolipoprotein B, lipoprotein (a) (Lp[a]), LDL peak particle diameter or LDL subclass distribution. There was no significant difference in response for the same parameters among subjects classified as LDL pattern A or B with the exception of significantly greater (p = 0.01) reduction in mean peak particle diameter in pattern A subjects treated with either garlic or placebo. There was no significant change in LDL subclass distribution. CONCLUSIONS: This investigation confirms that garlic therapy has no effect on major plasma lipoproteins and further, that it has no impact on HDL subclasses, Lp(a), apolipoprotein B, postprandial triglycerides or LDL subclass distribution. Garlic may have a greater effect on LDL particle diameter in LDL pattern A compared with pattern B subjects. This difference was not reflected in other plasma lipid measurements.  (+info)

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Pharmaceutical Powder X-ray Diffraction Symposium - PPXRD-2, December 9-12, 2002 NOTE: The schedules and guidelines in this area of the ICDD website are left here for archival purposes. The ICDD is pleased to present the second symposium on Pharmaceutical Powder X-ray Diffraction, December 9-12, 2002 in Concordville, PA, U.S.A. PPXRD-2 focused on topics of interest to scientists and engineers in the pharmaceutical industry using powder x-ray diffraction. The ICDD hopes to create a forum for these two fields to discuss latest developments, exchange ideas and gain knowledge from valuable lectures all surrounding the XRD and pharmaceutical industries. ...
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Flowability that quantifies the flow behaviour of powders is an important material attribute for such applications as packing, hopper flow and powder transport. It is also one of the critical material attributes of pharmaceutical formulations for solid dosage forms. It is anticipated that size enlargement via dry/wet granulation will improve the flowability of feed powders, but it is still unclear how significant the flowability can be enhanced. Therefore, in this study, an experimental investigation was performed to explore how dry granulation affects the flowability of pharmaceutical powders, such as microcrystalline cellulose (MCCs), mannitol and lactose. Both as-received powders and binary mixtures were considered. Granules of various sizes were produced using roll compaction followed by ribbon milling, and the flowability of as-received powders and produced granules was characterised using two methods: 1) the critical filling speed measured using a model die filling system and 2) the flow ...
A concentrate/extract cartridge for a beverage dispenser adapted to dispense a liquid concentrate/extract and a diluent is provided. The cartridge includes a hollow body for containing liquid concentrate/extract and an aperture. A pumping device is connected to the hollow body for dispensing the liquid concentrate/extract from the hollow body through the aperture. A method for dispensing a liquid concentrate/extract from a beverage dispenser using a concentrate/extract cartridge is also provided in which the concentrate/extract does not come into contact with the dispenser.
1. A dry powder formulation for use in a dry powder inhaler, comprising: (a) a fraction of fine particles made of a mixture comprising 90 to 99.5 percent by weight of particles of a physiologically acceptable excipient and 0.5 to 10 percent by weight of magnesium stearate, said mixture having a mass median diameter lower than 20 microns; (b) a fraction of coarse particles comprising a physiologically acceptable excipient having a mass median diameter equal to or higher than 100 microns, wherein the weight ratio between said fine particles and said coarse particles is 1:99 to 30:70 percent by weight; and (c) formoterol fumarate dihydrate in combination with beclometasone dipropionate (BDP) as active ingredients both in the form of micronized particles; wherein: (i) no more than 10% of said BDP particles have a volume diameter lower than 0.6 microns; (ii) no more than 50% of said BDP particles have a volume diameter of 1.5 microns to 2.0 microns; and (iii) at least 90% of said BDP particles have a ...
Taking advantage of the differences between the interactions of transversely excited atmospheric (TEA) CO,sub,2,/sub, lasers with metal and with organic powder, a new technique for the direct analysis of food powder samples has been developed. In this technique, the powder samples were placed into a small hole with a diameter of 2 mm and a depth of 3 mm and covered by a metal mesh. The TEA CO,sub,2,/sub, laser (1500 mJ, 200 ns) was focused on the powder sample surfaces, passing through the metal mesh, at atmospheric pressure in nitrogen gas. It is hypothesized that the small hole functions to confine the powder particles and suppresses the blowing-off of sample, while the metal mesh works as the source of electrons to initiate the strong gas breakdown plasma. The confined powder particles are then ablated by laser irradiation and the ablated particles move into the strong gas breakdown plasma region to be atomized and excited; this method cannot be applied for the case of Nd:YAG lasers because ...
Studies have been performed to characterize the flow of certain powders of pharmaceutical interest from a vibrating spatula. Lactose, cromolyn sodium, sodium chloride and charcoal powders were prepared by milling or sieving. Jet milling yielded micronized powder (1-10 mum), which was recovered from the product jar or metal cyclone. Particles in the larger size ranges were prepared by sieving. Photomicrograph images of the products were obtained by scanning electron microscopy. All of the powders were subjected to flow studies from vibrating beds to a top loading pan balance.
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A method for the surface treatment of a ferromagnetic fine powder is disclosed. The method increases the dispersibility of the powder in a magnetic coating composition. The method comprises subjecting a magnetic composition to a dispersing processing, with the magnetic composition containing (1) a ferromagnetic fine powder, (2) at least one polar compound selected from a group consisting of such compounds as to have one or more of --COOH, --CONH2, --CONH2, --PO3 H, --SO3 H, --OH or --NH2 in a molecule and quaternary ammonium salts, and (3) an organic solvent capable of dissolving the polar compound, and evaporating the organic solvent from the magnetic composition.
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0006] It has been discovered that dry powder preparations characterised by dose uniformity, reliability and dispersion of medicaments uniformity may be obtained by mixing specified ratios of medicaments to carrier in a specified manner as described herein. Thus, the invention provides a method of preparing a dry powder inhalation composition comprising a pharmaceutically acceptable particulate carrier, a first particulate inhalant medicament and a second particulate inhalant medicament, where the proportion of the second medicament to the carrier is smaller relative to the proportion of the first medicament to the carrier. The method is characterised in that the carrier is mixed with a first portion of the first particulate inhalant medicament, the resulting first mixture is mixed with substantially all of the second particulate inhalant medicament to give a mixture. The remaining portion of the first particulate inhalant medicament is mixed with the second mixture to give the desired dry powder ...
A toner for developing electrostatic images includes (a) toner particles having a weight-average particle size of 1-9 μm, (b) hydrophobized inorganic fine powder having an average particle size of 10-90 nm and (c) hydrophobized silicon compound fine powder. The hydrophobized silicon compound fine powder has an average particle size of 30-120 nm, and a particle size distribution such that it contains 15-45% by number of particles having sizes of 5-30 nm, 30-70% by number of particles having sizes of 30-60 nm and 5-45% by number of particles having sizes of at least 60 nm. The hydrophobized silicon compound fine powder having a broad particle size distribution including coarse particles functions to prevent the embedding of the hydrophobized inorganic fine powder (functioning as a flowability improver) from being embedded at the toner particle surfaces, whereby the toner is allowed to exhibit stable performances even in a continuous image formation on a large number of sheets.
Innovative vibrating sieve from Russell Finex for high capacity production of active pharmaceutical ingredients Sri Krishna Pharmaceuticals Limited, known informally as
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In the present invention, slurry is formed by mixing noble metal-supported powder particles (3) and a binder (4) with each other in a liquid (Step S1), and the noble metal-supported powder particles (3) are dispersed by applying vibrations to the slurry (Step S2), and thereafter, the slurry is spray dried while keeping a state where the noble metal-supported powder particles (3) are dispersed (Step S3), whereby noble metal-supported powder (1) is produced. In the noble metal-supported powder (1) produced by such a method, pores through which exhaust gas flows are formed appropriately, and accordingly, exhaust gas purification performance can be enhanced.
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TY - CONF. T1 - Investigation of fundamental powder flow properties of fine lactose particles following mechanical surface modification. AU - Zhou, Qi. AU - Roberts, Benjamin Armstrong. AU - Morton, David Alexander Vodden. AU - Stewart, Peter James. PY - 2008. Y1 - 2008. M3 - Other. SP - 49. EP - 51. ER - ...
The quality and efficiency of laser-aided direct metal deposition largely depends on the powder stream structure below the nozzle. Numerical modeling of the powder concentration distribution is complex due to the complex phenomena involved in the two-phase turbulence flow. In this paper, the gravity-driven powder flow is studied along with powder properties, nozzle geometries, and shielding gas settings. A 3-D numerical model is introduced to quantitatively predict the powder stream concentration variation in order to facilitate coaxial nozzle design optimizations. Effects of outer shielding gas directions, inner/outer shielding gas flow rate, powder passage directions, and opening width on the structure of the powder stream are systematically studied. An experimental setup is designed to quantitatively measure the particle concentration directly for this process. The numerical simulation results are compared with the experimental data using prototyped coaxial nozzles. The results are found to ...
Investigation into the Influence of Primary Crystallization Conditions on the Mechanical Properties and Secondary Processing Behaviour of Fluticasone Propionate for Carrier Based Dry Powder Inhaler Formulations. Kubavat, Harshal; Shur, Jagdeep; Ruecroft, Graham; Hipkiss, David; Price, Robert // Pharmaceutical Research;Apr2012, Vol. 29 Issue 4, p994 Purpose: To investigate the influence of primary crystallization conditions on the mechanical properties and secondary processing behaviour of fluticasone propionate (FP) for carrier based dry powder inhaler (DPI) formulations. Methods: Youngs modulus of FP crystals produced using different... ...
article{149532, author = {Ameye, Dieter and KELEB, E and Vervaet, Chris and Remon, Jean Paul and ADAMS, E and MASSART, DL}, issn = {0928-0987}, journal = {EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL SCIENCES}, language = {eng}, pages = {247--251}, title = {Scaling-up of a lactose wet granulation process in Mi-Pro high shear mixers.}, volume = {17 (4-5}, year = {2002 ...
GSK2269557 is potent and highly selective inhaled phosphoinositides 3-kinases -delta (PI3K-delta) inhibitor being developed as an anti-inflammatory agent for the treatment of inflammatory airway diseases. GSK2269557 has already been administered as a nebulized solution in single and repeat doses to humans and has been well tolerated across the range of doses used. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety, tolerability and pharmacokinetics of single and repeat inhaled doses of GSK2269557 as a dry powder. This study is the first administration of dry powder GSK2269557 in humans.. Part A will consist of four treatment periods separated by at least 14 days wash out periods. In each treatment period there will be 12 subjects receiving GSK2269557 and 4 subjects receiving placebo. The doses of GSK2269557 planned for Part A are 100 micrograms (mcg), 500 mcg and 3000 mcg. Blinded safety and available pharmacokinetic (PK) data will be reviewed before each dose escalation. Part B will be a ...
Prickly Heat Powder from Snake brand is a classic refreshing powder. Prickly heat powder is the original cooling and soothing powder which is effective in relieving itching, heat rash and skin irritation from hot weather. Prickly heat powder is usually used after bath as an antiseptic and absorbent dusting powder. Prickly heat powder contains refreshing natural essential oil. Ingredients: Menthol, camphor, triclocarban, perfume, kaolin, talc. Net weight: 150 grams. Product of Thailand. Recommend this product with Prickly Heat Soap. Bigger size is available Prickly Heat Powder 300 gram. The Prickly Heat Powder Lavender Scent is also available at this link.,Snake Brand Prickly Heat Powder 150 gram
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Aluminium powder is powdered aluminium. This was originally produced by mechanical means using a stamp mill to create flakes. Subsequently, a process of spraying molten aluminium to create a powder of droplets was developed by E. J. Hall in the 1920s. The resulting powder might then be processed further in a ball mill to flatten it into flakes for use as a coating or pigment. Aluminium powder is non-toxic and is not harmful unless injected directly in a major blood vessel such as the aorta[citation needed]. Aluminium powder, if breathed in, is not particularly harmful and will only cause minor irritation. The melting point of aluminum powder is 660 °C. cosmetic colorant pyrotechnic in paints as metallic silver pigment fingerprint powder Rocket and missile fuel thermite refractory Depending on the usage, the powder is either coated or uncoated. Metal powder Technology portal Joseph R. Davies (1993), "Powder Metallurgy Processing", Aluminium and Aluminium Alloys, ASM International, p. 275, ISBN ...
This present invention provides a spray dryer for use in prepg. particles for inhalation, the spray dryer comprising a multi-​nozzle app. comprising multiple single nozzles suitable for use in prepg. inhalation powders and with a drying gas flow rate greater than about 80 kg​/h. Also provided is a method for scaling-​up a spray drying process for prepg. particles for inhalation from a smaller scale spray dryer to a larger scale spray dryer, relative in size to each other, the method comprising the use in the larger scale spray dryer of a multi-​nozzle app. comprising single nozzles suitable for use in prepg. inhalation powders, wherein the no. of nozzles in the larger spray dryer is detd. by the ratio of the drying gas flow rate of the larger scale spray dryer to the drying gas flow rate of the smaller scale spray dryer. Also provided is a multi-​nozzle app. produced from the method of the present invention, the multi-​nozzle app. comprising multiple single nozzles suitable for use ...
Goodys Powder, also called Goodys Headache Powders, is an over-the-counter Aspirin/Paracetamol/Caffeine-based pain reliever, in single-dose powder form, which is marketed and sold by Prestige Brands. The powder delivery saves the time needed for the patients digestive system to break down a tablet or capsule, ostensibly causing the medication to work faster. Goodys Extra Strength Powder consists of aspirin, caffeine, and acetaminophen (paracetamol) in a formula identical to that of Excedrin, a product of Novartis, but in the no-digestion-needed powder form. Goodys Powder is sold primarily in the southern United States. For many years, the face of Goodys has been NASCAR legend Richard Petty, who appears in advertisements for the brand.[1] In 2013, the brand brought on NASCARs most popular driver, Dale Earnhardt, Jr.,[2] to join Petty as spokesperson for the brand. Prior to that, wrestler Dusty Rhodes appeared in commercials for the product. The companys website claims that "probably the ...
Body powders are designed with powders and fragrances that absorb moisture and aid in keeping the body smelling fresh. Foot powders are popular with athletes to aid in controlling the stench from sweaty shoes. Boot powders are perfect for workers who are up on their feet all day in heavy boots. Finally, baby powders are for babys bottoms.
Within the scope of this work a novel process to improve the flowability of fine powders is investigated. Nanoparticles are generated by plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD), and deposited on the surface of the substrate particles. These nanoparticles are acting as spacers between the substrate particles, thus increasing the distance between their surfaces and thereby decreasing the Van-der-Waal forces.|br| |br|To investigate the nanoparticle generation and attachment in the PECVD process, glass beads as a model substrate were treated in a circulating fluidized bed reactor. The influences of varying process parameters like system pressure, gas composition and number of circulations on nanoparticle size distributions were investigated.
Study shows that adequate choice of the blending technique, e.g. using magnesium stearate as an excipient allows control of aerosol performance of a dry powder inhaler.
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Mansour, H., Kujanpaa, J., Tuomenoja, H., & Hickey, A. (2006). Electrostatic charge behavior of aerosolized pharmaceutical particles for various drug/sugar carrier dry powder inhalation particulate systems. The AAPS Journal, 8 ...
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The present invention relates to a savoury, particulate composition having a water content of not more than 15 wt.% and comprising: a) 5-99 wt.%, by weight of the composition, tomato powder, wherein at least 70 wt.% of said tomato powder has a mesh size of less than 850 µm, b) 0.5-5 wt.%, by weight of the tomato powder, calcium carbonate powder, said calcium carbonate powder having a volume median grain diameter (D50) of 0.1-50 µm.
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Normally, activated carbons (R 1) are made in particulate form as powders or fine granules less than 1.0 mm in size with an ... Extruded activated carbon (EAC) combines powdered activated carbon with a binder, which are fused together and extruded into a ... Granular activated carbon (GAC) has a relatively larger particle size compared to powdered activated carbon and consequently, ...
Milk powders[edit]. Milk is also processed by various drying processes into powders. Whole milk, skim milk, buttermilk, and ... Plants manufacturing items with longer shelf life, such as butter, milk powders, cheese and whey powders, tend to be situated ... Some milk is dried and powdered, some is condensed (by evaporation) mixed with varying amounts of sugar and canned. Most cream ... The main difference between production of powders for human or for animal consumption is in the protection of the process and ...
Snow powder[edit]. Not to be confused with Powder snow.. Snow powder (or snow sugar) is a non-melting form of icing sugar ... Powdered sugar, also called confectioners' sugar or icing sugar, is a finely ground sugar produced by milling granulated sugar ... Powdered sugar is available in varying degrees of fineness, most commonly XXX, XXXX, and 10X: the greater the number of Xs, the ... Caster sugar (also referred to as superfine or baker's sugar) has a larger particle size than powdered sugar, approximately ...
Powder Puff/Powder Buff[edit]. Powder Puff is an annual football game where the roles are switched! The junior girls play ... Powder Buff is an annual boys volleyball game between the Junior and Senior Boys. Whoever wins the game gets to claim the ...
From powder[edit]. The granulation process combines one or more powder particles and forms a granule that will allow tableting ... When PVP and a solvent/water are mixed with powders, PVP forms a bond with the powders during the process, and the solvent/ ... For example, if one were to make tablets from granulated sugar versus powdered sugar, powdered sugar would be difficult to ... Water mixed into the powders can form bonds between powder particles that are strong enough to lock them together. However, ...
The .577/500 No 2 BPE was developed as a black powder round some time before 1879 by necking down the .577 Black Powder Express ... The .577/500 No 2 Black Powder Express, also known as the 12.7mm British No 2, is a British centerfire fire rifle cartridge. ... Like the .450 Black Powder Express, the .577/500 BPE came in several case lengths, the most common having a 3-inch case. A 3⅛- ... 577/500 No 2 Black Powder Express. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia ...
Endangering public safety».[193][194] Producing and selling 776 tons of melamine-laced "protein powder".[citation needed] Death ... prohibiting the unlicensed export of powdered formula, including milk and soya milk powder for infants and children under 36 ... "Lipton milk tea powder recalled in Hong Kong". USA Today. Associated Press. 30 September 2008. Retrieved 2 April 2010.. ... Powdered milk produced in the plant was mainly sold in Zhejiang and Jiangsu, with only a small amount sold in Qinghai. Also, in ...
Neutron powder diffraction by Richard M. Ibberson and William I.F. David, Chapter 5 of Structure determination form powder ... The technique is most commonly performed as powder diffraction, which only requires a polycrystalline powder. Single crystal ... Applied Computational Powder Diffraction Data Analysis[edit]. *. Young, R.A., ed. (1993). The Rietveld Method. Oxford: Oxford ... Neutron diffraction is closely related to X-ray powder diffraction.[4] In fact, the single crystal version of the technique is ...
Powdered drying type[edit]. Powdered drying type compounds are available. Setting type[edit]. Setting type joint compounds come ... Joint compound (also known as drywall compound or Mastic) is a white powder of primarily gypsum dust mixed with water to form a ... Modern ready-mixes or powder and water mixes are available in a wide range of styles from slow-drying to quick-drying to suit ... in powder form and are mixed with water immediately before use. This type contains plaster of paris and sets through a chemical ...
There is huge profitability in the trade of bile powder. In 2007, while the wholesale price of bile powder was approximately US ... Raw bile and bile powder[edit]. Raw bile can sell for as much as US$24,000 per kg, about half the price of gold.[5] ... 10,000 in the end-market once they are processed into a powder. The report also stated that the HSUS indicated a bear ...
The Goody's Headache Powder 200 was a NASCAR Busch Series stock car race held at North Carolina Speedway. It was last run in ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Goody%27s_Headache_Powder_200&oldid=888652189" ...
Powder defoamers[edit]. Powder defoamers are in principle oil based defoamers on a particulate carrier like silica. These are ... added to powdered products like cement, plaster and detergents. Water based defoamers[edit]. Water based defoamers are ...
Baby Powder debuted in 1893 and went to the market in 1894.[4] The earliest Baby Powder was in a yellow and red tin with a ... The brand dates back to 1893 when Johnson's Baby Powder was introduced. Product line consists of baby powder, shampoos, body ... Johnson's Toilet and Baby Powder. Best for Baby and Best for You. The Purest Toilet Powder that it is possiblt to manufacture" ... Baby powder, oil, cream, soap. *^ a b Shrimp, Terence; Andrews, J. Craig (2013). Advertising Promotion and Other Aspects of ...
Alcohol Powder?. I saw this Alcohol Powder Article and 1st thought that this must be physically impossible (but the article ... Etymology: New Latin, from Medieval Latin, powdered antimony, from Old Spanish, from Arabic al-kuḥul the powdered antimony, ... All refs say that kohl was (still is) powdered by grinding the natural mineral.. Jorge Stolfi 08:18, 15 Jun 2004 (UTC). If ... The "antimony powder" argument makes use of a broadening of the concept of ore refinement into distillation, as practiced in ...
Powder River Basin[edit]. Not all coalbed methane produced water is saline or otherwise undesirable. Water from coalbed methane ... The Powder River Basin], June 2004, EPA 816-R-04-003 Attachment 5. ... wells in the Powder River Basin of Wyoming, US, commonly meets federal drinking water standards, and is widely used in the area ...
Tang juice powder - Tang was developed by General Foods in 1957, and it has been for sale since 1959. It was used in the ...
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... powder. Because of their high density, monazite minerals concentrate in alluvial sands when released by the weathering ...
As a food additive, sodium lactate has the E number E325 and is naturally a liquid product, but also is available in powder ...
Red powder Melting point , 300 °C (572 °F; 573 K) Hazards NFPA 704 ...
white powder Odor weak, caramel-like odor Density 2.009 g/cm3 ...
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"powder, flour". Cognate with Standard Korean garu "powder, flour.". ᄀᆞ슴. gɒseum. "material, stuff". Cognate with Standard ...
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A new study suggests asbestos-tainted talcum powder can cause the rare cancer mesothelioma. Heres how that could affect talc ... A New Study Suggests Tainted Talcum Powder Can Cause a Rare Cancer. Heres How That Could Play Out in the Courtroom ... A bombshell 2018 Reuters report also found that J&J knew for decades that some of its Baby Powder was tainted by asbestos, but ... In March, for example, a California jury awarded more than $29 million to a woman who claimed talcum-powder-based J&J products ...
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... If you are going to shoot black powder guns you really need to know what black powder is, how to select the right ... Swiss Black Powder. A final note, a new sporting grade powder sold as Swiss Powder has been getting a lot of great press. Swiss ... Black Powder Today. Black powder today is still produced in a fashion similar to production methods of old. Powdered sulfur, ... 2fg: The actual grain size of the powder is smaller than that of the 1fg powder. This powder is most commonly used in larger ...
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Snow powder[edit]. Not to be confused with Powder snow.. Snow powder (or snow sugar) is a non-melting form of icing sugar ... Powdered sugar, also called confectioners sugar or icing sugar, is a finely ground sugar produced by milling granulated sugar ... Powdered sugar is available in varying degrees of fineness, most commonly XXX, XXXX, and 10X: the greater the number of Xs, the ... Caster sugar (also referred to as superfine or bakers sugar) has a larger particle size than powdered sugar, approximately ...
One variation of the dry powder coating process, the Powder Slurry process, combines the advantages of powder coatings and ... Powder coating on glass. References[edit]. *^ "Lightweighting Brings New Opportunities for Powder". www.powdercoatedtough.com. ... and UV curable powder coatings. Thermoset powder coatings incorporates a cross-linker into the formulation. When the powder is ... Powder coating is a type of coating that is applied as a free-flowing, dry powder. Unlike conventional liquid paint which is ...
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... physical and mechanical properties of powders at length scales ranging from molecular level to single particles and to bulk ... Powder Characterisation 15 May 2018 09:00 - 17 May 2018 15:30, Leeds, United Kingdom ...
powder (third-person singular simple present powders, present participle powdering, simple past and past participle powdered) ... transitive) To sprinkle with powder, or as if with powder. to powder ones hair. *23 March 2016, Seth Augenstein in Laboratory ... powder (countable and uncountable, plural powders) *The fine particles which are the result of reducing dry substance by ... intransitive) To use powder on the hair or skin. *1778-1787, Frances Burney, The Diary and Letters of Madame DArblay If she is ...
... powder X-ray diffraction studies on proteins are being established as a valuable complementary technique to single crystal ... Powder Diffraction Data Molecular Replacement Purple Membrane Powder Data Macro Domain These keywords were added by machine and ... Margiolaki I et al (2007) Second SH3 domain of ponsin solved from powder diffraction. J Am Chem Soc 129:11865-11871CrossRef ... Wright JP et al (2007) Likelihood methods with protein powder diffraction data. Z Kristallogr 26:27-32CrossRefGoogle Scholar ...
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Superfood powders are concentrated nutritional powders made from superfoods. You can get single ingredient powders, like maca, ... acai, or baobab powder, or a superfood powder containing many superfoods,... ... Try camu powder. Camu powder is made from berries that form on the camu camu shrub. The powder helps support your immune system ... Take maca powder. Maca powder is made from the maca root. This powder claims to increase energy and help regulate hormones. It ...
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Powder metallurgy, fabrication of metal objects from a powder rather than casting from molten metal or forging at softening ... In some cases the powder method is more economical, as in fashioning small metal parts such as gears for small machines, in ... metallurgy: Powder metallurgy. Powder metallurgy (P/M) consists of making solid parts out of metal powders. The powder is mixed ... metallurgy: Powder metallurgy. Powder metallurgy (P/M) consists of making solid parts out of metal powders. The powder is mixed ...
  • Although most often produced in a factory, powdered sugar can also be made by processing ordinary granulated sugar in a coffee grinder , or by crushing it by hand in a mortar and pestle . (wikipedia.org)
  • Though traditional grinding stones are now replaced with electronic blenders and food processors, most Indian households have a small mortar and pestle tucked away in the kitchen to hand grind spices and prepare fresh curry powders. (bellaonline.com)
  • Seidlitz-powders are perhaps a little too strong for frequent use in a tropical climate. (dictionary.com)
  • The three ingredients of Seidlitz powders (tartaric acid, potassium sodium tartrate and sodium bicarbonate) were manufactured by chemical factories from the mid-19th century onwards. (wikipedia.org)
  • The name 'Seidlitz powders' ultimately derives from the village of Sedlec in the Czech Republic. (wikipedia.org)
  • The municipality of Sedlec (somewhat confusingly) is also the source of 'Sedlitz bitter water' (see also § Sedlitz water below), a naturally occurring spa mineral water which has an entirely different chemical composition and side-effects from Seidlitz powders: there is apparently no connection between the two products except the name. (wikipedia.org)
  • Seidlitz powders, manufactured by numerous chemical factories from the mid-19th century onwards, take their name from the village of Sedlec, near Most, Czech Republic (previously in Bohemia). (wikipedia.org)
  • Although Seidlitz powders have a digestive effect, they should not be confused with 'Sedlitz water' (also named for Sedlec), a well-known bitter mineral water which has been used since the 16th century as a digestion regulator and laxative. (wikipedia.org)
  • These and similar products - with somewhat interchangeable terminology - appear to have no connection with Seidlitz powders. (wikipedia.org)
  • Epsom salts Picture of a Rexall 'Seidlitz powders' tin from the 1930s. (wikipedia.org)
  • Retrieved 20 April 2015 The chemical composition of Sedlitz water is shown in Madden 1867, p. 242 Why do Seidlitz Powders fizz? (wikipedia.org)
  • One variation of the dry powder coating process, the Powder Slurry process, combines the advantages of powder coatings and liquid coatings by dispersing very fine powders of 1-5 micrometre sized particles into water, which then allows very smooth, low film thickness coatings to be produced. (wikipedia.org)
  • Rilsan ® Fine Powders are highly durable thermoplastic polyamide powders. (arkema.com)
  • Visit the Rilsan ® Fine Powders Home Page Learn more about our polyamide grades, markets, and applications. (arkema.com)
  • Inspired by the unique Terracotta formula by Guerlain, the powder melts into the skin and provides a luminous makeup result. (sephora.com)
  • And since powder sunscreens often come in convenient tubes with brushes on the end (like ones by Colorescience and Peter Thomas Roth), you actually can reapply them before you head out for lunch without disturbing your makeup. (glamour.com)
  • Encased in an oversized compact with a mirror, this talc-free powder lets your skin show off in its best light year round while always looking fresh and radiant. (sephora.com)
  • Whether you want to reduce shine during the day, or create a smooth, even base in the morning, this wet/dry talc-free powder will be perfect for you. (nuskin.com)
  • Powdered sugar , also called confectioners' sugar or icing sugar , is a finely ground sugar produced by milling granulated sugar into a powdered state. (wikipedia.org)
  • Finely milled powders fill in lines and pores for a smoother, more even-looking complexion with an undetectable finish. (sephora.com)
  • And it's why an ever-increasing panoply of talc-free powders - from the Honest Company , Burt's Bees , Crabtree & Evelyn , and even Johnson & Johnson itself - has been become available, typically with alternative ingredients such as cornstarch, silk powders, and finely milled oats. (yahoo.com)
  • Unlike other hype-pigmented versions, this finely milled powder adds a subtle hint of shimmer without those noticeable specks of glitter. (bravotv.com)
  • A bombshell 2018 Reuters report also found that J&J knew for decades that some of its Baby Powder was tainted by asbestos, but did not report that information publicly or to federal regulators. (time.com)
  • In a statement provided to TIME after the new study's publication, the company maintained that Baby Powder is safe. (time.com)
  • The facts are clear - Johnson's Baby Powder is safe, does not contain asbestos nor does it cause cancer, as reflected in more than 40 years of scientific evidence," the statement reads. (time.com)
  • baby powder. (villagevoice.com)
  • You'll see a house-head with baby powder in a plastic bag, which looks totally like something else," she continues. (villagevoice.com)
  • The baby powder helps your feet glide and spin. (villagevoice.com)
  • And for that, you may need a little baby powder. (villagevoice.com)
  • Damages were awarded to the family of Jacqueline Fox, who had used Johnson & Johnson baby powder and Shower to Shower powder for 50 years. (yahoo.com)
  • And since the 1960s, the American Academy of Pediatrics has warned against using talc-containing baby powder because of aspiration risks. (yahoo.com)
  • A New Study Suggests Tainted Talcum Powder Can Cause a Rare Cancer. (time.com)
  • A new 33-patient case study published in the Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine provides some of the strongest proof yet that exposure to asbestos-tainted talcum powder may cause malignant mesothelioma, a rare and deadly cancer that affects tissues lining internal organs. (time.com)
  • If a credible physician and researcher is willing to testify and has published that these individual cancers appear to be caused by asbestos exposure from talcum powder, that's evidence that is usually not available to plaintiffs. (time.com)
  • Among other places, it's found in building supplies, insulation, some car parts-and the talc from which talcum powder is made. (time.com)
  • J&J has refuted and, in many cases, appealed those decisions, citing conflicting evidence on whether talcum powder can cause cancer. (time.com)
  • What is talcum powder? (cancer.org)
  • Talcum powder is made from talc, a mineral made up mainly of the elements magnesium, silicon, and oxygen. (cancer.org)
  • Whether women who apply talcum powder regularly in the genital area have an increased risk of ovarian cancer. (cancer.org)
  • Does talcum powder cause cancer? (cancer.org)
  • When talking about whether or not talcum powder is linked to cancer, it is important to distinguish between talc that contains asbestos and talc that is asbestos-free. (cancer.org)
  • Caster sugar (also referred to as superfine or baker's sugar ) has a larger particle size than powdered sugar, approximately half that of granulated sugar. (wikipedia.org)
  • As the film thickness is reduced, the film becomes more and more orange peeled in texture due to the particle size and glass transition temperature (Tg) of the powder. (wikipedia.org)
  • Most powder coatings have a particle size in the range of 2 to 50 μ (Microns), a softening temperature Tg around 80 °C, a melting temperature around 150 °C, and are cured at around 200 °C. for minimum 10 minutes to 15 minutes (exact temperatures and times may depend on the thickness of the item being coated). (wikipedia.org)
  • Most powders contain whey, soy or casein, high-quality proteins containing all nine essential amino acids that the body can't make on its own. (cnn.com)
  • Fonterra noted that while it supplied milk powder to Synutra, the latter also sourced milk locally and imported whey powder from Europe. (cnn.com)
  • Over 180 years of know-how in the service of powders… From the highly worshipped Terracotta to the legendary Météorites, Guerlain deploys all its expertise to enhance the ultimate make-up touch. (guerlain.com)
  • Some of the common ingredients used to make curry powders are coriander, dry red chilli or cayenne pepper, turmeric, cumin seeds, black pepper and fenugreek seeds. (bellaonline.com)
  • Researchers from Ireland and Poland found that curcumin, a compound found in the popular Indian spice turmeric that gives curry powder its distinct yellow colour, killed oesophageal cancer cells in the lab via an unexpected cell-death mechanism that did not involve apoptosis or cell suicide. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Turmeric powder is derived from the root of the Curcuma longa plant. (ehow.com)
  • Turmeric can be purchased in powder form or as a fresh root for grinding at home. (ehow.com)
  • Strain the powder through a fine sieve to eliminate any large chunks of turmeric root. (ehow.com)
  • Store turmeric powder in a glass jar with a tight-fitting lid. (ehow.com)
  • Properly stored turmeric powder has a shelf life of two years. (ehow.com)
  • Discover and incorporate these health jewels into your life: organic ginger, organic ginger capsules, organic turmeric, organic turmeric capsules, kosher sea salt, kava powder and nourishing dilo cream. (prweb.com)
  • But this week's headline-grabbing verdict - that Johnson & Johnson was to pay $72 million in damages to the family of a woman whose death from ovarian cancer was linked to her use of the company's body powders - has been a rousing wake-up call. (yahoo.com)
  • Bacon may have been the first to write down the recipe, but historians believe that much of Europe and Asia were all using forms of black powder by well before this time. (angelfire.com)
  • was a professional and depth research report on Global Cobalt Powder industry that you would know the world's major regional market conditions of Cobalt Powder industry, the main region including North American, Europe and Asia etc, and the main country including United States ,Germany ,Japan and China etc. (gosreports.com)
  • Following the seminal work of Von Dreele, powder X-ray diffraction studies on proteins are being established as a valuable complementary technique to single crystal measurements. (springer.com)
  • A wide range of small proteins have been found to give synchrotron powder diffraction profiles where the peak widths are essentially limited only by the instrumental resolution. (springer.com)
  • Summary Though formulations of greens powders vary by brand, they're generally made from dried leafy greens and other vegetables, seaweed, grasses, high-antioxidant fruits and herbs. (healthline.com)
  • Can you get the same results taking vegetable powders instead of eating real vegetables? (elitefitness.com)
  • Powdered sugar is utilized in industrial food production when a quick-dissolving sugar is required. (wikipedia.org)
  • Snow powder (or snow sugar ) is a non-melting form of icing sugar usually consisting of glucose , starch , and anti-binding agents, useful for retaining its structure when dusted onto cakes or pastries that require refrigeration. (wikipedia.org)
  • Snow sugar is less sweet than regular powdered sugar because glucose (a type of sugar made when starchy plants are broken down into monosaccharides using enzymes) is around 20% less sweet than regular table sugar, owing to the fact that regular table sugar contains both glucose and fructose, and fructose is more than twice as sweet as glucose. (wikipedia.org)
  • According to Canadian regulations, icing sugar shall be powdered sugar and may contain food color. (wikipedia.org)
  • This powder contains a lot of antioxidants, and may help lower cholesterol and regulate blood sugar. (wikihow.com)
  • PVA is much more expensive than powdered sugar but there are some advantages. (washington.edu)
  • Protein shakes are a great post-workout snack, but pricey powders can be filled with sugar and other additives. (rd.com)
  • Glucagon nasal powder is used along with emergency medical treatment to treat very low blood sugar in adults and children 4 years of age and older who have diabetes. (medlineplus.gov)
  • You should make sure that your family members, caregivers, or the people who spend time with you know where you keep glucagon nasal powder, how to use it, and how to tell if you are experiencing very low blood sugar. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Any white powder may look like sugar to a child. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Powdered sulfur, carbon, and potassium nitrate (saltpeter) are mixed with water and denatured alcohol, the mixture is then pressed into large cakes to dry. (angelfire.com)
  • The International Agency for Research on Cancer , meanwhile, says that usage of talcum powders around genital areas is "possibly carcinogenic to humans" - something that makes sense, since, according to Rasanayagam, studies have found evidence of talc "in ovaries and pelvic lymph nodes. (yahoo.com)
  • You may also choose a powder that combines multiple vitamins, minerals, and superfoods together into one powder. (wikihow.com)
  • In addition to its complexion-friendly hues, the highlighting powders feature the brand's Seamless Glow Technology, which combines micro-powder and pearls creating a featherlight formula that glides right on the skin. (bravotv.com)
  • After ingestion, the powder combines with gastric juices to develop cathartic intestinal gases which can be somewhat helpful in evacuating the users's bowels. (wikipedia.org)
  • Kennametal offers both standard and custom alloy and composite thermal spray powders in various size ranges. (kennametal.com)
  • Spread the powder all over the room paying close attention to any cracks and crevices such as skirting boards, corners, door frames etc Dust the carpets with the powder and pay close attention to the floor around all four bed legs. (amazonaws.com)
  • Powders might offer a bit of a metabolic advantage if they are low in calories. (cnn.com)
  • The powders are generally low-calorie, but mixing them with something other than water may add calories. (healthline.com)
  • Summary Greens powders are generally low in calories but high in certain minerals and vitamins, including selenium, iodine, chromium and vitamins A, C and K, as well as plant compounds with antioxidant and anti-inflammatory functions. (healthline.com)
  • Ethereal Light: An opalescent sheer, cool white powder that mimics a moonlit glow, even in broad daylight. (sephora.com)
  • Luminous Light: A champagne pearl powder that creates a soft, incandescent candlelit glow day or night. (sephora.com)
  • A weightless bronzer for a healthy-looking glow featuring a powder design with a summery, floral impression. (sephora.com)
  • The nutrients and plant compounds in greens powders may support overall wellness when used in combination with a healthy diet and lifestyle. (healthline.com)
  • The antioxidant and anti-inflammatory actions of plant compounds in greens powder may help reduce your risk of chronic diseases. (healthline.com)
  • Many powders can simply be mixed with water, juice or a plant-based milk for a high-protein, on-the-go snack. (amazonaws.com)
  • Derived from the root of a pepper plant native to the South Pacific, this no-chemical, no-pesticide powder has innumerable health benefits, including anti-anxiety qualities that calm the nerves and induce a feeling of well-being. (prweb.com)
  • DuPont began production of the IMR line of smokeless powders across the river from the Wilmington Plant at Carney's Point, New Jersey in 1892. (wikipedia.org)
  • Due to the increased demand for these powders which resulted from World War I an additional plant was constructed in Valleyfield, Canada which remains the primary source of IMR powders today. (wikipedia.org)
  • VOYAGE DE CHANEL TRAVEL FACE PALETTE BLUSH AND ILLUMINATING POWDERS. (chanel.com)