City, urban, rural, or suburban areas which are characterized by severe economic deprivation and by accompanying physical and social decay.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
Revenues or receipts accruing from business enterprise, labor, or invested capital.
Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.
Size and composition of the family.
Variation in rates of disease occurrence and disabilities between population groups defined by socioeconomic characteristics such as age, ethnicity, economic resources, or gender and populations identified geographically or similar measures.
Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of the child.
A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.
Enumerations of populations usually recording identities of all persons in every place of residence with age or date of birth, sex, occupation, national origin, language, marital status, income, relation to head of household, information on the dwelling place, education, literacy, health-related data (e.g., permanent disability), etc. The census or "numbering of the people" is mentioned several times in the Old Testament. Among the Romans, censuses were intimately connected with the enumeration of troops before and after battle and probably a military necessity. (From Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 3d ed; Garrison, An Introduction to the History of Medicine, 4th ed, p66, p119)
The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.
The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.
Groups of persons whose range of options is severely limited, who are frequently subjected to COERCION in their DECISION MAKING, or who may be compromised in their ability to give INFORMED CONSENT.
Financial assistance to impoverished persons for the essentials of living through federal, state or local government programs.
The production and movement of food items from point of origin to use or consumption.
Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.
The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.
Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the black groups of Africa.
Organized institutions which provide services to ameliorate conditions of need or social pathology in the community.
The state of society as it exists or in flux. While it usually refers to society as a whole in a specified geographical or political region, it is applicable also to restricted strata of a society.
An interactive process whereby members of a community are concerned for the equality and rights of all.
The science of utilization, distribution, and consumption of services and materials.
The status of health in urban populations.
Diseases that are underfunded and have low name recognition but are major burdens in less developed countries. The World Health Organization has designated six tropical infectious diseases as being neglected in industrialized countries that are endemic in many developing countries (HELMINTHIASIS; LEPROSY; LYMPHATIC FILARIASIS; ONCHOCERCIASIS; SCHISTOSOMIASIS; and TRACHOMA).
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.
The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.
Differences in access to or availability of medical facilities and services.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Europe.
Payment by individuals or their family for health care services which are not covered by a third-party payer, either insurance or medical assistance.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.
An international organization whose members include most of the sovereign nations of the world with headquarters in New York City. The primary objectives of the organization are to maintain peace and security and to achieve international cooperation in solving international economic, social, cultural, or humanitarian problems.
A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions.
An acute or prolonged illness usually considered to be life-threatening or with the threat of serious residual disability. Treatment may be radical and is frequently costly.
A method of analyzing the variation in utilization of health care in small geographic or demographic areas. It often studies, for example, the usage rates for a given service or procedure in several small areas, documenting the variation among the areas. By comparing high- and low-use areas, the analysis attempts to determine whether there is a pattern to such use and to identify variables that are associated with and contribute to the variation.
Persons living in the United States of Mexican (MEXICAN AMERICANS), Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, or other Spanish culture or origin. The concept does not include Brazilian Americans or Portuguese Americans.
Groups of individuals whose putative ancestry is from native continental populations based on similarities in physical appearance.
The aggregate of social and cultural institutions, forms, patterns, and processes that influence the life of an individual or community.
A voluntary contract between two or more dentists who may or may not share responsibility for the care of patients, with proportional sharing of profits and losses.
The amounts spent by individuals, groups, nations, or private or public organizations for total health care and/or its various components. These amounts may or may not be equivalent to the actual costs (HEALTH CARE COSTS) and may or may not be shared among the patient, insurers, and/or employers.
A group of people with a common cultural heritage that sets them apart from others in a variety of social relationships.
Living facilities for humans.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
A social science dealing with group relationships, patterns of collective behavior, and social organization.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Individuals or groups with no or inadequate health insurance coverage. Those falling into this category usually comprise three primary groups: the medically indigent (MEDICAL INDIGENCY); those whose clinical condition makes them medically uninsurable; and the working uninsured.
A severe gangrenous process occurring predominantly in debilitated and malnourished children, especially in underdeveloped countries. It typically begins as a small vesicle or ulcer on the gingiva that rapidly becomes necrotic and spreads to produce extensive destruction of the buccal and labial mucosa and tissues of the face, which may result in severe disfigurement and even death. Various bacteria have been implicated in the etiology. (Dorland, 27th ed)
All of Africa except Northern Africa (AFRICA, NORTHERN).
The study of the social determinants and social effects of health and disease, and of the social structure of medical institutions or professions.
The legal relation between an entity (individual, group, corporation, or-profit, secular, government) and an object. The object may be corporeal, such as equipment, or completely a creature of law, such as a patent; it may be movable, such as an animal, or immovable, such as a building.
An infant during the first month after birth.
The status of health in rural populations.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
The absence of certain expected and acceptable cultural phenomena in the environment which results in the failure of the individual to communicate and respond in the most appropriate manner within the context of society. Language acquisition and language use are commonly used in assessing this concept.
The Christian faith, practice, or system of the Catholic Church, specifically the Roman Catholic, the Christian church that is characterized by a hierarchic structure of bishops and priests in which doctrinal and disciplinary authority are dependent upon apostolic succession, with the pope as head of the episcopal college. (From Webster, 3d ed; American Heritage Dictionary, 2d college ed)
The measurement of the health status for a given population using a variety of indices, including morbidity, mortality, and available health resources.
The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.
Insurance providing coverage of medical, surgical, or hospital care in general or for which there is no specific heading.
Continuous sequential changes which occur in the physiological and psychological functions during the life-time of an individual.
Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.
The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)
Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.
Situations affecting a significant number of people, that are believed to be sources of difficulty or threaten the stability of the community, and that require programs of amelioration.
The protection, preservation, restoration, and rational use of all resources in the total environment.
The state of being engaged in an activity or service for wages or salary.
Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.
The state of not being engaged in a gainful occupation.
A republic in eastern Africa, south of ETHIOPIA, west of SOMALIA with TANZANIA to its south, and coastline on the Indian Ocean. Its capital is Nairobi.
Planning that has the goals of improving health, improving accessibility to health services, and promoting efficiency in the provision of services and resources on a comprehensive basis for a whole community. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988, p299)
Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.
Female parents, human or animal.
Acquisition of knowledge as a result of instruction in a formal course of study.
Biological adaptation, such as the rise of EPINEPHRINE in response to exercise, stress or perceived danger, followed by a fall of epinephrine during RELAXATION. Allostasis is the achievement of stability by turning on and turning off the allostatic systems including the IMMUNE SYSTEM; the AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYSTEM and NEUROENDOCRINE SYSTEMS.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Africa.
An imbalanced nutritional status resulted from insufficient intake of nutrients to meet normal physiological requirement.
Organized services to provide health care for children.
Healthy People Programs are a set of health objectives to be used by governments, communities, professional organizations, and others to help develop programs to improve health. It builds on initiatives pursued over the past two decades beginning with the 1979 Surgeon General's Report, Healthy People, Healthy People 2000: National Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Objectives, and Healthy People 2010. These established national health objectives and served as the basis for the development of state and community plans. These are administered by the Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (ODPHP). Similar programs are conducted by other national governments.

Paediatric home care in Tower Hamlets: a working partnership with parents. (1/1136)

OBJECTIVES: To describe the first two years of a paediatric home care service. DESIGN: Observational cross sectional study, 1989-91. SETTING: One inner London health district. PATIENTS: 611 children referred to the service; 50 children selected from those referred during the first year, whose parents were interviewed and whose general practitioners were invited to complete a questionnaire. MAIN MEASURES: Description and costs of service; views of parents and general practitioners of selected sample of children. RESULTS: In its second year the team received 303 referrals and made 4004 visits at a salary cost of 98000 pounds, an average of 323 pounds/referral and 24 pounds/visit. This represented a referral rate of 3.2% (258/7939) of inpatient episodes from the main referring hospital between 1 December 1989 and 30 November 1990. Of all referrals to the service, 343(56%) came from hospital inpatient wards. The service was used by disadvantaged and ethnic minority families. The children's parents (in 28(61%) families) and the home care team did a wide range of nursing tasks in the home. Parents of 47(94%) children sampled agreed to be interviewed, and those of 43(91%) found the service useful; guidance and support were most commonly appreciated (33, 70%). Parents of 25(53%) children said that hospital stay or attendance had been reduced or avoided. Parents and general practitioners disagreed on clinical responsibility in 10 children, and communication was a problem for some general practitioners. CONCLUSIONS: The service enabled children to receive advanced nursing care at home. Clinical responsibility should be agreed between parents and professionals at referral.  (+info)

Tuberculosis in Bombay: new insights from poor urban patients. (2/1136)

This study explores the health seeking behaviour of poor male and female tuberculosis patients in Bombay, and examines their perceptions of the causes and effects of the disease on their personal lives. Sixteen patients who attended an NGO's tuberculosis clinic were interviewed in-depth. Almost equal numbers of respondents stated 'germs' and 'worry' as the cause of tuberculosis. Men worried about loss of wages, financial difficulties, reduced capacity for work, poor job performance, and the consequences of long absence from work. Women were concerned about rejection by husband, harassment by in-laws, and the reduced chances of marriage (for single women), in addition to their concerns about dismissal from work. During the first two months of symptoms most patients either did nothing or took home remedies. When symptoms continued, private practitioners were the first source of allopathic treatment; they were generally unable to correctly diagnose the disease. Respondents shifted to municipal and NGO health services when private treatment became unaffordable. Respondents shifted again to NGO-based services because of the poor quality of municipal tuberculosis control services. The wage-earning capacity of both men and women was affected, but women feared loss of employment whereas men, being self-employed, lost wages but not employment. Married men and single women perceived a greater level of family support to initiate and complete treatment. Married women tried, often unsuccessfully, to hide their disease condition for fear of desertion, rejection or blame for bringing the disease. Women dropped out from treatment because of the pressure of housework, and the strain of keeping their condition secret particularly when the reasons for their movements outside the home were routinely questioned. Health programmes will have to be sensitive to the different needs and concerns of urban men and women with tuberculosis; in the case of women, health care providers will have to make particular efforts to identify and treat married women with tuberculosis completely.  (+info)

Childhood immunization coverage in zone 3 of Dhaka City: the challenge of reaching impoverished households in urban Bangladesh. (3/1136)

A household survey of 651 children aged 12-23 months in Zone 3 of Dhaka City carried out in 1995 revealed that 51% of them had fully completed the series of childhood immunizations. Immunization coverage in slum households was only half that in non-slum households. Apart from residence in a slum household, other characteristics strongly associated with the completion of the entire series of childhood immunizations included the following: educational level of the mother, number of children in the family household, mother's employment status, distance from the nearest immunization site, and number of home visits from family-planning field workers. The findings point to the need to improve childhood immunization promotion and service delivery among slum populations. Two promising strategies for improving coverage are to reduce the number of missed opportunities for immunization promotion during encounters between health workers and clients, and to identify through visits to households those children who need additional immunizations. In the long run, increasing the educational level of women will provide a strong stimulus for improving childhood immunization coverage in the population.  (+info)

Geographical and socioeconomic variation in the prevalence of asthma symptoms in English and Scottish children. (4/1136)

BACKGROUND: There has been controversy over the relation between poverty and asthma in the community. The aim of this analysis was to disentangle geographical and socioeconomic variation in asthma symptoms. METHODS: The analysis is based on parental reports of symptoms from data collected in 1990 and 1991. Children aged 5-11 years from three populations (English representative sample, Scottish representative sample, and an English inner city sample) were included. Of 17 677 eligible children, between 14 490 (82.0%) and 15 562 (88.0%) children were available for analysis according to symptom group. RESULTS: Wheezy symptoms were less prevalent in the Scottish sample than in the English samples and asthma attacks were most prevalent in the English representative sample. Asthma attacks were less prevalent in inner city areas than in the English representative sample (OR 0.79, 95% CI 0.66 to 0.95), but persistent wheeze and other respiratory symptoms were more prevalent (OR 1.95, 95% CI 1.65 to 2.32 and OR 1.67, 95% CI 1.52 to 1.84, respectively). The prevalence of persistent wheeze was higher in children whose father's social class was low and in those living in areas with a high Townsend score (an index of poverty) than in other children (p<0.001). Of the 14 areas with the highest Townsend score, 13 had an OR above 1 and six had an OR significantly higher than the reference area. CONCLUSIONS: Persistent wheeze is more prevalent in poor areas than in less deprived areas. This may indicate that poverty is associated with severe asthma or that a high percentage of persistent asthma symptoms in inner city areas are unrecognised and untreated.  (+info)

Longitudinal study of Cryptosporidium infection in children in northeastern Brazil. (5/1136)

A prospective, 4-year cohort study of children born in an urban slum in northeastern Brazil was undertaken to elucidate the epidemiology of Cryptosporidium infection in an endemic setting, describe factors associated with Cryptosporidium-associated persistent diarrhea, and clarify the importance of copathogens in symptomatic cryptosporidiosis. A total of 1476 episodes of diarrhea, accounting for 7581 days of illness (5.25 episodes/child-year), were recorded: of these, 102 episodes (6.9%) were persistent. Cryptosporidium oocysts were identified in 7.4% of all stools, and they were found more frequently in children with persistent diarrhea (16.5%) than in those with acute (8.4%) or no (4.0%) diarrhea (P<.001). Low-birth-weight children and those living in densely crowded subdivisions were at greater risk for symptomatic infection. Disease course was highly variable and was not associated with the presence of copathogens. Recurrent Cryptosporidium infection and relapsing diarrhea associated with it were moderately common. In light of these data, the applicability of the current World Health Organization diarrheal definitions to Cryptosporidium-associated diarrheal episodes may need to be reconsidered.  (+info)

Poverty, time, and place: variation in excess mortality across selected US populations, 1980-1990. (6/1136)

STUDY OBJECTIVE: To describe variation in levels and causes of excess mortality and temporal mortality change among young and middle aged adults in a regionally diverse set of poor local populations in the USA. DESIGN: Using standard demographic techniques, death certificate and census data were analysed to make sex specific population level estimates of 1980 and 1990 death rates for residents of selected areas of concentrated poverty. For comparison, data for whites and blacks nationwide were analysed. SETTING: African American communities in Harlem, Central City Detroit, Chicago's south side, the Louisiana Delta, the Black Belt region of Alabama, and Eastern North Carolina. Non-Hispanic white communities in Cleveland, Detroit, Appalachian Kentucky, South Central Louisiana, Northeastern Alabama, and Western North Carolina. PARTICIPANTS: All black residents or all white residents of each specific community and in the nation, 1979-1981 and 1989-1991. MAIN RESULTS: Substantial variability exists in levels, trends, and causes of excess mortality in poor populations across localities. African American residents of urban/northern communities suffer extremely high and growing rates of excess mortality. Rural residents exhibit an important mortality advantage that widens over the decade. Homicide deaths contribute little to the rise in excess mortality, nor do AIDS deaths contribute outside of specific localities. Deaths attributable to circulatory disease are the leading cause of excess mortality in most locations. CONCLUSIONS: Important differences exist among persistently impoverished populations in the degree to which their poverty translates into excess mortality. Social epidemiological inquiry and health promotion initiatives should be attentive to local conditions. The severely disadvantageous mortality profiles experienced by urban African Americans relative to the rural poor and to national averages call for understanding.  (+info)

Inequalities in low birth weight: parental social class, area deprivation, and "lone mother" status. (7/1136)

OBJECTIVE: To describe the extent of socioeconomic inequalities in low birth weight. To assess the relative benefits of measuring socioeconomic status by individual occupation, socioeconomic deprivation status of area of residence, or both, for describing inequalities and targeting resources. DESIGN: Analysis of birth registrations by registration status: joint compared with sole registrants ("lone mothers"), routinely recorded parental occupation (father's for joint registrants), and census derived enumeration district (ED) deprivation. SETTING: England and Wales, 1986-92. SUBJECTS: 471,411 births with coded parental occupation (random 10% sample) and birth weight. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Proportion of low birth weight (< 2500 g) RESULTS: 34% of births to joint registrants in social classes IV and V, and 45% of births to sole registrants, were in the quintile of most deprived EDs. It was found that 6.8% of births were of low birth weight. Sole registrants were at higher risk (9.3% overall) than joint registrants, across all deprivation quintiles. For joint registrants, the socioeconomic risk gradient was similar by social class or area deprivation, but a greater gradient from 4.7% to 8.7% was found with combined classification. CONCLUSIONS: Up to 30% of low birth weight can be seen as being associated with levels of socioeconomic deprivation below that of the most affluent group, as measured in this study. Caution is needed when targeting interventions to high risk groups when using single indicators. For example, the majority of births to lone mothers and to joint registrants in social classes IV and V would be missed by targeting the most deprived quintile. There is a high degree of inequality in low birth weight according to social class, area deprivation and lone mother status. When using routinely recorded birth and census data, all three factors are important to show the true extent of inequalities.  (+info)

Prevalence and immune response to Entamoeba histolytica infection in preschool children in Bangladesh. (8/1136)

Entamoeba histolytica infection was present in 5% and E. dispar in 13% of asymptomatic 2-5-year-old children from an urban slum of Dhaka, Bangladesh. Entamoeba dispar-infected children were no more likely than uninfected children to have serum antibodies to lectin. In contrast, all children infected with E. histolytica had serum antibodies to lectin. This anti-lectin response included antibodies against the carbohydrate recognition domain, which have been demonstrated in animal models to confer passive protection from amebiasis. Antibodies to lectin persisted in the sera of 17 children with E. histolytica infection over one year of follow-up, during which time E. histolytica infection cleared without treatment in 15, and with anti-amebic medication in two. We conclude that half of the children in this population have serologic evidence of amebiasis by five years of age, and that an anti-lectin serum antibody response is associated with limitation of E. histolytica infection to the colon.  (+info)

Nutritional status particularly in relation to the possible risk of morbidity and mortality in children has long been recognised as a field of major concern. A cross-sectional study was undertaken with 1280 under five children in the urban slum community of Chetla, the field practice area of All India Institute of Hygiene & Public Health, Calcutta, during 1991 to identify their nutritional status. Wt/age being the most sensitive indicator was considered; and the children were graded using the Indian Academy of Pediatrics classification. It is evident from table 1, that more than half of the under five children were undernourished in the series, 27.7%, 16.8%, 5.3% and 1.8% being suffering from grade I, II, III and IV undernutrition respectively.
Urban slum populations in Africa continue to grow faster than national populations. Health strategies that focus on non-communicable diseases (NCD) in this segment of the population are generally lacking. We determined the prevalence of diabetes and associated cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors correlates in Kibera, Nairobis largest slum. Methods We conducted a population-based household survey utilising cluster sampling with probability proportional to size. Households were selected using a random walk method and consenting residents aged 18 years and above were recruited. The WHO STEPS instrument was administered. A random capillary blood sugar (RCBS) was obtained; known persons with diabetes and subjects with a RCBS ,11.1 had an 8 hours fasting blood sugar (FBS) drawn. Diabetes was defined as a RCBS of ≥ 11.1 mmol/l and a FBS of ≥ 7.0 mmol/l, or a prior diagnosis or receiving diabetes drug treatment. Results Out of 2061 enrolled; 50.9% were males, mean age was 33.4 years and 87% ...
The health benefits of an active lifestyle have been extensively documented and generally accepted. In the UK, declining physical activity levels are a major contributing factor to a number of public health concerns such as obesity and coronary heart disease. Clearly, there is an urgent need to support people in developing sustainable active lifestyles. In 2003, a new lifestyle-based physical activity service called Active Lifestyles (AL) was set up in Kingston-upon-Hull to help local residents to become more active and develop healthier lifestyles. The service targeted the most deprived communities in the city. The aim of the study was to explore participants perceptions of the operation and effectiveness of the AL service. Five focus groups were conducted in community centres and offices in the health promotion service in Kingston-upon-Hull. Sixteen white adult males (n = 5) and females (n = 11) participated in the study. Ages ranged from 15-73 years (mean age = 53 years). Data were analysed using a
Background and aims: India has a high burden of tobacco usage and its related morbidity and mortality. Almost 30% of the above 15 years of age of the Indian population use some forms of tobacco. Men usually use smoked tobacco, while women more likely use smokeless (chewed) tobacco. Tobacco usage has been identified as a risk factor for non-communicable diseases (NCDs) among slum dwellers in urban cities. This study explored the tobacco consumption patterns and its determinants in an urban slum community of New Mumbai. Methods: This was a cross-sectional descriptive study. Study methods included review of secondary literature and policy documents on tobacco control. Primary data were collected from the Turbhe slum community in New Mumbai using semi-structured interview schedules. Cluster sampling followed by simple random sampling technique was used to achieve the sample size of 300 households. Results: The prevalence of tobacco consumption in Turbhe slums was very high. Twenty five percent of tobacco
Weʼre raising money to Develop a programme providing free health care for a high risk vulnerable slum population in kampala, inspired by Charlies journey.. Support this JustGiving Crowdfunding Page.
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The growing slum population in the developing world is an increasing challenge for local health authorities. Little is known of the patterns of disease occurrence including treatment types offered in this population. The paper describes reported child mortality and its determinants, including the main diseases affecting children and treatments, in the slum population of Dhaka city, Bangladesh. 1500 households in three slum communities were included in a cross-sectional survey. Reported death rates in the households per 1000 children (0-107 months) within the last year from the interview were 20.5 for boys and 27.0 for girls. More girls than boys died in infancy (age < 12 months). The most frequent reported causes of deaths were tetanus in infancy and diarrhoea among children aged ≤ 12 months. Vaccination coverage (DPT, polio, measles and BCG) was 73% for children < 3 years of age. The results showed that gender difference in mortality may have been influenced by the patterns of treatment ...
FRIDAY, Sept. 6, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Growing up in a poor neighborhood significantly increases kids odds of becoming obese adults, and the risk is highest among teens, a new study says.. It found that children from poor neighborhoods had 31% higher odds for adult obesity, and the risk was much higher (29%) among 11- to 18-year-olds than for younger children (13%).. Growing up in a disadvantaged neighborhood sticks with you, and can have a negative impact on ones health through increasing ones chance of obesity in adulthood, said lead author Steven Alvarado, a professor of sociology at Cornell University in Ithaca, N.Y.. Disadvantaged neighborhoods were defined by seven factors, including median income and home values, and the percentage of residents who were living in poverty, unemployed or had earned bachelors degrees.. To account for other factors that can influence a childs obesity risk -- such as genes and their parents behaviors -- Alvarado compared siblings.. Siblings largely ...
Poverty gap at urban poverty line is the mean shortfall from the poverty line (counting the nonpoor as having zero shortfall) as a percentage of the national urban poverty line. This measure reflects the depth of poverty as well as its incidence.This page has the latest values, historical data, forecasts, charts, statistics, an economic calendar and news for Poverty gap at urban poverty line (%) in Cambodia.
Today, most of the slum areas in Nairobi are accessible because of the good job KeRRA is doing. National Government should continue supporting KeRRA in order to implement more road projects in our slums. Lastly, I am truly encouraging KeRRA staff to continue doing a good job and improving state of the roads in Nairobi slums ...
All India Deprived Community Support Centre (AIDCSC), is a registered non-governmental, service organization. The objective of AIDCSC is to promote the welfare of the disadvantaged and deprived segments among the; scheduled tribes, scheduled castes, minorities, destitute, bonded labourers, transgenders, slum dwellers and downtrodden villages. AIDCSC will provide economic, legal and educational support to the deprived communities for its survival, sustenance and growth, through research, training, advocacy and networking.. ...
All India Deprived Community Support Centre (AIDCSC), is a registered non-governmental, service organization. The objective of AIDCSC is to promote the welfare of the disadvantaged and deprived segments among the; scheduled tribes, scheduled castes, minorities, destitute, bonded labourers, transgenders, slum dwellers and downtrodden villages. AIDCSC will provide economic, legal and educational support to the deprived communities for its survival, sustenance and growth, through research, training, advocacy and networking.. ...
Published: 12th Feb 2020 £1.4m of funding has been secured to help engage local residents with regeneration plans in one of Liverpools most deprived areas. The University of Liverpools Heseltine Institute for Public Policy has secured funding from the UK Research and Innovation (UKRI) project, to develop a greater understanding of local issues and to empower residents to engage in the redesign of public services. The Heseltine Institute will invest the money into Clubmoor ward, an area of Liverpool with 15,000 residents and that is amongst the 5% most deprived areas in the UK. The institute will use this funding to work with the already established MyClubmoor project, by engaging 60 residents and 20 community researchers and delivering 6 citizen focus groups and 2 community workshops. This project is one of 53 others that have been selected by UKRI to target communities that would not normally engage in regeneration plans. Susan Jarvis, deputy director … (To read the full article, subscribe ...
Background: Cardiovascular primary prevention should be targeted at those with the highest global risk. However, it is unclear how best to identify such individuals from the general population. The aim of this study was to compare mass and targeted screening strategies in terms of effectiveness, cost effectiveness and coverage.. Methods: The Scottish Health Survey provided cross-sectional data on 3921 asymptomatic members of the general population aged 40-74 years. We undertook simulation models of five screening strategies: mass screening, targeted screening of deprived communities, targeted screening of family members and combinations of the latter two.. Results: To identify one individual at high risk of premature cardiovascular disease using mass screening required 16.0 people to be screened at a cost of £370. Screening deprived communities targeted 17% of the general population but identified 45% of those at high risk, and identified one high-risk individual for every 6.1 people screened ...
Does where you live influence your health? Yes, and maybe even more dramatically than you might expect. When a U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) offered a program in the 1990s to move families out of poor neighborhoods, it created a unique opportunity not only to improve peop...
Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, College of Health Sciences, University of Nairobi. OBJECTIVE: To determine the knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) of mothers and the knowledge of health workers regarding care of the newborn umbilical cord. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SUBJECTS: Mothers with infants less than three months of age attending well child clinics and health workers (HW) in the clinics, maternity and newborn units of public health, facilities serving an urban slum area in Nairobi, Kenya. RESULTS: Of the 307 mothers interviewed, 91% and 28% of mothers knew of the need for hygiene whilst cutting and tying the cord, respectively. Regarding postnatal cord care, 40% had good knowledge and 66% good practice. Fifty-one percent of mothers knew and 54% practised postnatal cord care for the appropriate duration of time. Seventy-nine percent of mothers were afraid of handling an unhealed cord. After multivariate analysis, the following variables showed significant independent ...
Whats been touted by many as a climate win could in reality cause undue toxic burden for poor communities, communities of color
Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, College of Health Sciences, University of Nairobi. OBJECTIVE: To determine the knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) of mothers and the knowledge of health workers regarding care of the newborn umbilical cord. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SUBJECTS: Mothers with infants less than three months of age attending well child clinics and health workers (HW) in the clinics, maternity and newborn units of public health, facilities serving an urban slum area in Nairobi, Kenya. RESULTS: Of the 307 mothers interviewed, 91% and 28% of mothers knew of the need for hygiene whilst cutting and tying the cord, respectively. Regarding postnatal cord care, 40% had good knowledge and 66% good practice. Fifty-one percent of mothers knew and 54% practised postnatal cord care for the appropriate duration of time. Seventy-nine percent of mothers were afraid of handling an unhealed cord. After multivariate analysis, the following variables showed significant independent ...
Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, College of Health Sciences, University of Nairobi. OBJECTIVE: To determine the knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) of mothers and the knowledge of health workers regarding care of the newborn umbilical cord. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SUBJECTS: Mothers with infants less than three months of age attending well child clinics and health workers (HW) in the clinics, maternity and newborn units of public health, facilities serving an urban slum area in Nairobi, Kenya. RESULTS: Of the 307 mothers interviewed, 91% and 28% of mothers knew of the need for hygiene whilst cutting and tying the cord, respectively. Regarding postnatal cord care, 40% had good knowledge and 66% good practice. Fifty-one percent of mothers knew and 54% practised postnatal cord care for the appropriate duration of time. Seventy-nine percent of mothers were afraid of handling an unhealed cord. After multivariate analysis, the following variables showed significant independent ...
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How high urban housing costs and income inequality have exacerbated urban poverty. A few years ago, on a drive from New York to Washington, I turned off I-95 in Baltimore to see H.L. Menckens home. Abandoned row houses lined the street, some boarded up with plywood, others simply gutted. Signs offering fast cash for houses and a number to call for unwanted cars outnumbered pedestrians. It was a landscape of rot and neglect with few signs of renewal and investment.. Writers have expended vast amounts of ink about the recent resurgence of cities, yet pockets of great poverty like West Baltimore have proven disturbingly resilient. Maryland has one of the nations lowest poverty rates, but is one of eight states where 70 percent of the poor are concentrated in one city. In most of the citys schools, close to 50 percent of students qualify for federally assisted meals.. Looking at data from the 2006 US Census American Community Survey, many urban cities have poverty rates that far exceed the ...
Policing Urban Poverty demonstrates that, since the nineteenth century, a core task of the police has been crime control and order maintenance, especially in poor communities. This illuminating book f
We have given series of warnings to ward and community heads to follow due process before allocating land but you still find people building indiscriminately.. A lot of houses are built without consideration; and that is why it has become difficult for the people of such areas to feel the impact of government.. Government cannot construct roads or provide water where people have built structures without following proper town planning regulations.. We advise residents to adhere to urban planning rule to enable government make available those facilities that are lacking in these slum areas, she said.. The general manager noted that most of the slums sprang up on government-owned land sold illegally.. This problem has been a persistent one; people living in these slum areas believe it is their ancestral land and development is going faster than our ability to control. ...
DHAKA, 23 June 2010 - Urban slums have the worst performance regarding womens and childrens wellbeing and access to basic services compared to...
This data shows anonymized questionnaire responses from women to examine the relationship between protective factors and common mental disorders in an urban slum setting
With the growing urban populations, especially in slums, the sustainable development of major Kenyan cities and their basic facilities have become a priority for the country.
Mayor of London Sadiq Khan proposes to introduce the planned ultra low emission zone (ULEZ) in 2019, a year ahead of schedule.. He has launched a new consultation which also includes plans to extend the ULEZ to the north and south circular roads in the same year and more details on the introduction of a charge for old polluting vehicles from October 2017.. New research shows people living in Londons most deprived communities, often by busy roads, are on average exposed to 25% higher levels of harmful NO2 pollution.. The proposals are part of the mayors second air quality consultation.. ...
POWERMYLEARNING, a K-12 nonprofit that helps bring personalized learning programs to high-poverty schools in the U.S., has received $6.5 million ...
Novartis annual program supports independent eye care initiatives worldwide via grant funding in some of the worlds most remote areas and deprived communities.
Patients in California hospitals were more likely to die within 60 days of being diagnosed with acute myeloid leukemia – a cancer of the blood and bone marrow – if they were unmarried, lived in a less-affluent neighborhood or lacked health insurance. The UC Davis study also found that patients treated at a National Cancer Institute (NCI)-designated cancer center were more likely to survive.
Patients in California hospitals were more likely to die within 60 days of being diagnosed with acute myeloid leukemia – a cancer of the blood and bone marrow – if they were unmarried, lived in a less-affluent neighborhood or lacked health insurance. The UC Davis study also found that patients treated at a National Cancer Institute (NCI)-designated cancer center were more likely to survive.
Inspector admitted to hospital with head injury; Cidco conducts drive in Kopar Khairane to cordon off its plot and keep encroachers out.
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A new study has found that people tend to gain weight if they relocate to a more socioeconomically deprived neighborhood. Since certain regions in the United
Rates of diabetes and severe obesity are about one-fifth lower in the women who moved to a lower poverty area than in those who did not.
Two new studies say that poor neighborhoods have a wider variety of food choices than do more affluent ones, and found no relationship between the type of food being sold and obesity.
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Newport News, VA New Website Created by G3-Development will Equip Local Residents with 99% Premium NanoCacao Oils from Meso America
Downloadable! Comparisons of poverty - indicating where or when poverty is greatest, for example - typically matter far more to policy choices than aggregate poverty measures, such as how many people are deemedpoor.So the authors examine how measurement practices affect empirical poverty profiles. They discuss the pros and cons of alternative approaches to developing a poverty profile and use those approaches on the same data set. In Indonesia, as in many countries, past methods of building poverty profiles have used the food-energy-intake method, defining the poverty line as the normal consumption spending at which a person typically attains a predetermined food-energy-intake in each subgroup. The authors argue that his method can yield differences in poverty lines (between urban and rural areas, for example) that exceed the cost-of-living differences the poor face. So, that method can mislead policy choices aimed at reducing absolute poverty. For comparison, they explore a cost-of-basic-needs
Urban areas in the Global South now house most of the worlds urban population and are projected to house almost all its increase between now and 2030.
No, this isnt the first time the fashionable, First-Lady-approved theory has been debunked - see posts here, here, and here - but its gratifying to see the NYTs formidable Gina Kolata get front-page space for a thorough treatment. One study found poor neighborhoods had nearly twice as many supermarkets and large-scale grocers per square mile as wealthier ones; another found no relationship between what type of food students said they ate, what they weighed, and the type of food within a mile and a half of their homes. [Tyler Cowen, Jacob Sullum] And Katherine Mangu-Ward notes the juxtaposition of Kolatas piece with an opinion piece in the paper the very same day: Food Deserts Are Not Real. Also, We Can Fix Them.. Filed under: eat drink and be merry, New York Times, obesity. ...
Jacqueline Novogratz tells a moving story of an encounter in a Nairobi slum with Jane, a former prostitute, whose dreams of escaping poverty, of becoming a doctor and of getting married were fulfilled in an unexpected way.
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To handle this problem, EPI make two key ideas. 1st, teacher autonomy should improved. Only 9 % of instructors state obtained a role in self-control regulations; only 11 percentage bring a task in their own personal pro growth. Meanwhile, EPI unearthed that teachers who say they already have a say in school insurance and class room techniques are more likely to stop in the industry.. Being mindful of this, educators must have got a proclaim within the aspects of teaching that theyre educated to learn, for example the curriculum they show, the class room methods these people follow, the instructing products they use, as well as their very own expert advancement, the researchs writers suggest. Top-down plans that overlook instructor expertise, misguided liability guidelines that can make teachers believe disrespected, and insufficient awareness to exactly what coaches need claim the insurance within universities and classrooms tend to be vital challenges.. The 2nd advice in this field should ...
Hey guys! I took a bit of a break from personal work the past couple of weeks. Mostly I was watching Euro 2012, but now that that particular bladder-kicking contest is over I am back to work. I took a long weekend and managed to fit in some pieces here and there. Firstly, a little diorama of one particular slum area in the city of Dustrum. Ive not really done this kind of isometric cut-away before and it was really fun! Im going to do a couple more different parts of the city at some point ...
Older people living in the most deprived areas of England have the highest rate of calls to NHS Direct shows research published recently in Age and Ageing,
COPS: FACISTS OR HEROES?. In a climate of controversy about cops, I continue to write a series in which cops are quite human. Why?. The roots of my decision lie as far back as childhood in a poor neighborhood. Cops didnt show up in our area with less than two, and usually more. When my grandfather was murdered, no serious investigation ensued. Since that time, I have been harassed, beaten, and when I reported an attempted rape-sneered at by cops.. It wasnt until my early twenties that I actually had a civil conversation with a cop. Id broken my leg up on the hill where I farmed. Unfortunately, my vehicle-an old Volkswagen-chose that period of time to break down. A friend drove me to the hospital which was roughly thirty miles away then took me and my unwieldy cast home.. If youve ever farmed, or just had animals, you know that minor things like broken legs doesnt stop your responsibilities. Way too soon, my walking cast wore through and needed replacing. I hitched a ride with a neighbor to ...
24/7 Wall St: Poverty might mean different things in different parts of the world and to different people, but it is largely defined as being unable to afford a minimum standard of living. The United States has come a long way in addressing the problem, but progress seems to have slowed despite the recent years of economic recovery. In many ways, the problem has even escalated. Though the economy has added millions of jobs since the recession ended, many of the jobs created are not the same as jobs that were lost. In many areas, the problem of poverty has worsened during the recovery. Poverty is perhaps the most persistent of problems, with consequences that can span a lifetime, be transferred across generations, and loom in the minds of individuals and families living at the edge of poverty.. Click here to see how poverty is measured. ...
|p style=text-align: justify;|According to UN data, the global urbanisation rate is currently 55%, and in 2050 it is expected to reach 68%. The leading causes of urban population growth are economic development and polarisation, agricultural change, political instability, climate change and population growth. Additionally, in many countries local authorities are unable to provide adequate living conditions for the newcomers. The scale of the phenomenon of informal urbanism and slums has been known for decades and is still high. Slum dwellers face many barriers on their way to improving living conditions and top-down attempts to improve them have proved ineffective, e.g. mass social housing, the fight against crime. The paradigm of treating slum dwellers, however, as low-skilled, demoralised, deprived of all kinds of capital and any sign of entrepreneurship is changing. The paradigm shift in aid to slum dwellers is based on bottom-up stimulation of their entrepreneurial attitudes, social inclusion and
STUDY OBJECTIVE--To assess whether small area measures of socioeconomic deprivation predict variation in individual smoking behaviour. To examine the adequacy of an individual level statistical model for the analysis of data on groups of individuals who live in the same geographical area. DESIGN--Individual level and two level logistic regression analysis of data on individual smoking from a regional health survey, and neighbourhood deprivation scores for 1991 census wards calculated from 1991 census data. SETTING--The North West Thames Regional Health Authority area. PARTICIPANTS--Random sample of 8,251 adults in North West Thames Regions. MAIN RESULTS--There was a highly significant association between being a smoker and the neighbourhood deprivation score of the area of residence. With the two level model, after allowing for age and sex, the estimated odds ratio of being a smoker for an individual in the highest quintile of deprivation compared with someone in the lowest quintile was 1.52 ...
Poverty gap at urban poverty line (%) in Albania was last measured at 2.90 in 2012, according to the World Bank. Poverty gap at urban poverty line is the mean shortfall from the poverty line (counting the nonpoor as having zero shortfall) as a percentage of the national urban poverty line. This measure reflects the depth of poverty as well as its incidence.This page has the latest values, historical data, forecasts, charts, statistics, an economic calendar and news for Poverty gap at urban poverty line (%) in Albania.
[Fuji Xerox (Japan)] Home | About Fuji Xerox | Sustainability Report 2015 | Helping to Educate Children in Disadvantaged Communities - [Sustainability Report introduces the challenges Fuji Xerox faces and the status of our performances grappling with these issues.]
CalEnviroScreen was designed by the California Environmental Protection Agency (CalEPA) to serve as a tool for identifying Californias most disadvantaged communities when prioritizing time, resources, and programs in those portions of the state that are most in need of assistance. However, the tool has long been criticized by disparate groups with widespread interests for its flaws in methodology. And while an update (CalEnviroScreen 3.0) was released late last year, the issue at hand remains unaddressed - and perhaps, worse. The latest version of the CalEnviroScreen tool continues to ignore Californias most disadvantaged communities, both rural and urban.. In total, 30 of Californias 58 counties do not have a single census tract identified in the top 25 percent scores of CalEnviroScreen - the methodology now used to consider applicants for Cap-and-Trade funding for disadvantaged communities. The use of CalEnviroScreen as a screening tool for grant solicitations and awards completely excludes ...
We found that practice level deprivation was associated with lower achievement for five out of 16 indicators in a local primary care pay-for-performance scheme. Deprivation-achievement gaps closed over time for one indicator but opened up for three others. Overall, the observed differences were modest. Almost all of the indicators we analysed involved cumulative registration of at-risk patient populations, so that we would have expected gaps to close over time once ceilings in achievement had been reached. For the most part, this did not occur. We also found that considerable scope for improvement still existed by the end of the scheme. For example, the final mean proportions of targeted patients with recorded alcohol use and offers of screening and recording of chlamydia test results were 55 and 6.2 % respectively. This is the first inequalities analysis of a local pay-for-performance scheme; our findings on achievement contrast with those of the national scheme [24]. We also found ...
Although outcome measures improved more in the FLNP group than in the control group, the results of this trial fail to show that FLNP improved parenting or child or parental well-being more than could be expected by chance and do not provide evidence that FLNP represents value for money. Three main reasons for these negative results warrant consideration. The first is that the FLNP may not be effective in changing parenting in a universal setting. It would appear that programmes like Triple P which focus primarily on behaviour management are effective in a universal setting and this may simply be a better approach. Triple P is a more costly programme than FLNP. It can be offered more intensively with five different levels of intervention for different levels of need, including universal media coverage, and well-resourced trials have been able to offer the programme in this way. FLNP is a stand-alone group-based programme which may work synergistically with other parenting interventions including ...
The Development Fund of the Management University of Africa was established in September 2014. The establishment of the fund was informed by the desire to allow access to affordable University Education to students from deprived communities and regions that are graded under the equalization fund as well as support bright and gifted students in Kenya and beyond. Others are persons with physical challenges and other disadvantaged groups particularly women and the youth. Moreover, the conflict prone deprived communities and regions in Kenya and indeed Africa and the World require high caliber human resource skilled in Management, Leadership, Governance and Entrepreneurship for development.. In addition, Resource mobilization, conflict management and Resolution knowledge and skills are also a prerequisite for development. This is much more so important now in Kenya with the recent discovery of natural resources such as water aquifers, oil and gas deposits in Northern Kenya. The purpose of our Fund ...
AIDS has been a devastating plague in much of sub-Saharan Africa, but the long-term implications for gender and sexuality are just emerging. This book tackles this issue head-on and examines how AIDS ... More. AIDS has been a devastating plague in much of sub-Saharan Africa, but the long-term implications for gender and sexuality are just emerging. This book tackles this issue head-on and examines how AIDS has altered the ways in which masculinity is lived in Uganda-a country known as Africas great AIDS success story. Based on over a decade of ethnographic research in an urban slum community called Bwaise, this book reveals the persistence of masculine privilege in the age of AIDS and the implications such privilege has for combating AIDS across the African continent.Less. ...
AIDS has been a devastating plague in much of sub-Saharan Africa, but the long-term implications for gender and sexuality are just emerging. This book tackles this issue head-on and examines how AIDS ... More. AIDS has been a devastating plague in much of sub-Saharan Africa, but the long-term implications for gender and sexuality are just emerging. This book tackles this issue head-on and examines how AIDS has altered the ways in which masculinity is lived in Uganda-a country known as Africas great AIDS success story. Based on over a decade of ethnographic research in an urban slum community called Bwaise, this book reveals the persistence of masculine privilege in the age of AIDS and the implications such privilege has for combating AIDS across the African continent.Less. ...
BACKGROUND: The Well London program used community engagement, complemented by changes to the physical and social neighborhood environment, to improve physical activity levels, healthy eating, and mental wellbeing in the most deprived communities in London. The effectiveness of Well London is being evaluated in a pair-matched cluster randomized trial (CRT). The baseline survey data are reported here. METHODS: The CRT involved 20 matched pairs of intervention and control communities (defined as UK census lower super output areas (LSOAs); ranked in the 11% most deprived LSOAs in London by the English Indices of Multiple Deprivation) across 20 London boroughs. The primary trial outcomes, sociodemographic information, and environmental neighbourhood characteristics were assessed in three quantitative components within the Well London CRT at baseline: a cross-sectional, interviewer-administered adult household survey; a self-completed, school-based adolescent questionnaire; a fieldworker completed ...
Selection of individual variables for any measure should be based on the theoretical fit with the concept we are interested in measuring, such as material deprivation, and on the particular context of a country. Most deprivation measures include domains relating to income, employment, socioeconomic status or class (often based on job type), education, housing and ownership of specific goods or items. Some measures also include domains relating to access to various services (schools, shops, doctors) or information on the environment (street lighting, crime rates).. There are strong theoretical grounds to include each of the listed domains in deprivation measures. For example, low-income and unemployment reflect deprivation as they limit material resources, while low levels of education disadvantage people in accessing many resources, such as better jobs or services. Sound theoretical mechanisms also connect these domains to health, for example, income curbs access to factors (eg, food, housing, ...
Book holiday rentals near Jamuna Future Park Dhaka City on Tripadvisor! View the Best 1 traveler reviews from properties near Jamuna Future Park in Dhaka City, Bangladesh
Background: The objective of this study was to analyse the association between area deprivation at municipality level and the prevalence of type 2 diabetes (T2D) and obesity across Germany, controlling for individual socioeconomic status (SES). Methods: The analyses are based on a large survey conducted in 2006. Information was included from 39,908 adults aged 20 years or above. Area deprivation was assessed using the German Index of Multiple Deprivation (GIMD) at municipality level. About 4,700 municipalities could be included and assigned to a deprivation quintile. Individual SES was assessed by income and educational level. Multilevel logistic models were used to control for individual SES and other potential confounders such as age, sex and physical activity. Results: We found a positive association of area deprivation with T2D and obesity. Controlling for all individual-level variables, the odds ratios for municipalities in the most deprived quintile were significantly increased for T2D (OR ...
Municipalities and public-minded organizations face a challenge in designing effective interventions to improve conditions in disadvantaged communities. Disadvantaged communities are subject to a set…
Downloadable! This paper uses the recent approach of multidimensional deprivation measures to provide a comprehensive and wide ranging assessment of changes to living standards in India during the period, 1992/93-2004/5.This covers the reforms and the immediate post reforms time periods. The study is based on the simultaneous use of two parallel data sets, namely the NSS and NFHS data sets covering proximate rounds and near identical time periods. The study is conducted both at regionally disaggregated levels and by socio economic groups. The deprivation dimensions range widely from the conventional expenditure dimensions to non expenditure dimensions such as access to drinking water and clean fuel, to health dimensions such as child stunting and the mother’s BMI. The use of decomposable deprivation measures allows the identification of regions, socio economic groups and deprivation dimensions that are contributing more than others to total deprivation.
When he was 7 years old, Guillermo Padilla landed in the hospital with appendicitis. While a frightening experience for any child, it was even more so for the young boy who spoke little English. His parents - Mexican immigrants who were determined that their son learn Spanish first - had to translate for him. That made an indelible impression on the youngster.
Youth volunteering initiatives are often promoted on the basis that participation will help young people make transitions in their lives. The UK-wide Millennium Volunteers initiative, for example, used the strapline MV for your CV while the Scottish Saltire Awards state volunteering look[s] great on your CV.. These individualistic approaches are characteristic of a broader trend encouraging young people to take control of their futures by acquiring experiences to ease transitions into education or employment. Approaching volunteering in this way, however, is argued to be more readily accessible by those from affluent backgrounds, thus potentially disadvantaging those with fewer resources.. This paper presents findings from my PhD research into young peoples attitudes and experiences of volunteering in areas of socio-economic deprivation. The paper draws on focus groups and semi-structured interviews with young volunteers, aged twelve to eighteen, and semi-structured interviews with ...
Nigeria is experiencing a serious and alarming rise in the levels of urban poverty when compared to rural poverty, so what are its characteristics? This study was carried out in Agege area of Lagos State to determine conditions under which the urban poor live in order to provide information, which will help the city and state administrators, develop more positive policies and actions towards the poor.. The paper finds that:. ...
In Nigeria, over 60 percent of the population lack access to modern health care facilities. Low access and effective utilisation even where available, are affected by inadequate health workforce, low quality of care, distance, and poor policy implementation. This research examines the nature of health care in emerging communities and urban slums of south west Nigeria. The study synthesises Giddens Structuration theory, Dahlgren and Whiteheads Social model of health, and Andersen and Newmans Framework of health service utilisation as its theoretical framework ...
This is one of the first surveys to collect data on socioeconomic background, mental and physical health and healthcare utilisation, and to combine these factors with distance to healthcare services. Spanning a wide geographical area in one of the most disadvantaged areas of England,13 findings from the survey identified several key risk factors of A&E attendance, including young age, depression, high education, non-employment, poor housing, as well as longer distance from a GP and shorter distance to an A&E service.. Considering the increase in A&E attendance across England,1 particularly in disadvantaged areas,3 it is important to understand the reasons behind this rise and to design strategies to reduce health inequalities. A&E attendance was significantly higher for 18 to 24 year olds, when controlling for other factors, which has been found in previous work,20 and may be due to heightened rates of accidents, trauma and alcohol-related attendances at A&E,21 or higher use of A&E for primary ...
WASHINGTON, DC - The neighborhood poverty experienced by middle-income black children contributes greatly to their increased risk of downward mobility,
Indicator 16 (Neighborhood Safety) provided parental views of the safety of their neighborhoods, showing major differences in the living situations of children of different racial backgrounds. While the prevalence of poverty in a neighborhood is not the only element that contributes to neighborhood safety and support for young children, it is a powerful indicator. Moreover, addressing conditions at a neighborhood level requires looking beyond individual service strategies to community-building ones.. Several analyses of high poverty or high child vulnerability census tracts have showed that the poorest census tracts also are the most diverse. In an analysis of all census tracts in the United States on ten indicators related to child-raising vulnerability, Village Building and School Readiness showed that tracts with six or more vulnerability factors were primarily populated by people of color (83 percent non-white and/or Hispanic), while those with no vulnerability factors were primarily white, ...
Across these practices, there is substantial variation in the proportion of patients living in communities with higher poverty, lower education, and greater social deprivation even in an affluent region. This is important because living in a cold spot is associated with worse chronic care and quality, such as higher obesity and lower colon cancer screening rates. However, the relationship between quality and living in a cold spot is complex, and some quality measures seem better for patients living in cold spots, such as cervical cancer screening.. Our US-based, EHR-derived findings support the results of others that neighborhood deprivation affects screening, diabetes, and obesity though we were unable to find other studies that assessed diabetes control.35⇓⇓⇓⇓⇓-41 This reinforces the notion that deprived neighborhoods have distinct effects on health and care delivery and underscores the importance of using geography as a lens through which to view population health. Although ...
An automated machine that dispenses water for cash may be the solution to irregular supplies for 1.2 million people living in the Kenyan capitals slums, Nairobi City Water & Sewerage Company Ltd. said.
Sure Start local programmes (SSLPs) represent a large scale, area based effort by the government of the United Kingdom to enhance the health and development of children under 4 years and their families who live in socially deprived communities in England. These programmes aim to improve services and create new ones in small areas with average populations of just under 13 000 people, including about 700 children aged 0-3 years. The first SSLPs began in 1999, and a total of 524 existed by 2004. SSLPs are a unique approach to enhancing the life prospects of disadvantaged children, in that all children aged 0-3 years and their families living in a prescribed area are targets of intervention, and thus of evaluation of effectiveness.. Because of their local autonomy, SSLPs do not have a protocol to promote adherence to a prescribed model, as do other early interventions that are known to be effective.1-3 All SSLPs are expected, nevertheless, to provide core services of outreach or home visiting; ...
Preventing children from smoking is a public health priority. This study evaluated the effects of a sport-for-health smoking prevention programme (SmokeFree Sports) on smoking-related intentions and cognitions among primary school children from deprived communities. A non-randomised-controlled trial targeted 9-10 year old children from Merseyside, North-West England. 32 primary schools received a programme of sport-for-health activities over 7 months; 11 comparison schools followed usual routines. Data were collected pre-intervention (T0), and at 8 months (T1) and one year post-intervention (T2). Smoking-related intentions and cognitions were assessed using an online questionnaire. Intervention effects were analysed using multi-level modelling (school, student), adjusted for baseline values and potential confounders. Mixed-sex focus groups (n = 18) were conducted at T1. 961 children completed all assessments and were included in the final analyses. There were no significant differences between the two
Established in 1998, we provide a high quality, client-centred service assisting homeless & vulnerable people by securing sustainable homes & developing services that address unmet needs. We provide a bond guarantee & tenancy support scheme for single homeless people & families in Calderdale. Our aim is to empower people to live independently and to give them the skills to successfully maintain their tenancies. We are also a Neighbourhood Learning in Deprived Communities Centre & provide free courses ...
Tanzania 2018 will be incredible. The team will work in the Maasai community at the foothills of Mt Meru, working towards community development and improvement in the new and fast growing city of Arusha. There are numerous options for the team to choose from - from working in school construction and helping out with the kids, to teaching English for employability in Arusha, to working on youth development schemes for the Maasai. The Swahili/English language barrier is significant in Arusha - primary schools for deprived children only speak Swahili, whilst secondary schools only speak in English. Support these desperate children from deprived communities - by not only offering them the fun and games of childhood, but also supporting their English learning in order that they can continue at school. Because education is so undeniably important. The youth development scheme is similarly invaluable - running community projects and initiatives to deter disadvantaged youth from pursuing a life of abuse ...
Slum communities surrounding Jinja in Eastern Uganda face a myriad of challenges. Located on the eastern bank of the Nile, around 20,000 people are crowded into eight slum areas.
Stage -On site. Client. Merthyr Tydfil Education Division. Refurbishment of the Community centre on Almond Grove Street, Gurnos to provide accommodation for the Flying Start programme. Flying Start is a programme for families with children aged up to four years old, which is targeted at Wales most deprived communities. The programme is one of the Welsh Governments top priorities, and encompasses free childcare, parenting support, intensive health visitor support and support for early language development.. Roles ...
At a White House event this morning, First Lady Michelle Obama highlighted an important new provision that allows schools in high-poverty areas to fight hunger by providing free breakfasts and...
David Cameron has resigned as Prime Minister after Britain voted to leave the European Union.. It followed a turbulent night with Remain campaigners quietly confident until the early hours when results from Newcastle and Sunderland showed better than expected returns for the Brexit camp.. A surprise victory for a Brexit in Swansea, which was expected to vote to Remain, did little to dampen concerns despite Scotland overwhelmingly backing staying in the Union.. Other votes in Wales began to show a trend towards a surprise Leave vote, particularly in deprived communities.. Big wins for David Camerons campaign in London and Oxford did little to allay fears that early predictions had been wrong, as the pound began to tank - down by 6% by around 1pm.. Leave passed the finishing post just after 6am, as it became clear that nothing could swing the vote back in favour of the Remain campaign.. With the Leave campaign securing 52 per cent of the vote, Mr Cameron addressed the nation in an emotional ...
International Humanitarian Organization that provides free medical-dental services to medically deprived communities in Central American countries.
Sen. Barack Obama visited one of the worlds worst slums Sunday, where he told residents he wants everyone in America to know about their plight.
January 2008. Addressing urban high-poverty school teacher attrition by addressing urban high-poverty school teacher retention: why effective teachers persevere. Recruiting and retaining quality teachers specific for high-poverty schools in urban areas is a national concern, especially in light of the No Child Left Behind federal legislation. The educational realities, detrimental effects of poverty, and human despair that often depress low-income communities can prove to be quite overpowering for many teachers new to the profession and significantly contribute to.... Author(s): Sueanne E. McKinney, Robert Q. Berry, Daniel L. Dickerson and Gloria Campbell-Whately ...
Ruth Lupton, in this valuable study, shows how government has attempted to regenerate deprived areas by examining what has happened in 12 of the most deprived neighbourhoods. She gives particular attention to the New Labour government which, in 1997, launched its National Strategy for Neighbourhood Renewal ...
Many studies in geography have demonstrated that results can vary according to scale and configuration of spatial units. However, implications of the MAUP-Modifiable Area Unit Problem-have received little attention in urban planning and policy studies. The first objective of this paper is to demonstrate how identification of poor areas (residential areas with 40% or more of low-income population) is sensitive to changes in scale. The second objective is to measure the completeness (to what degree targeting only poor areas is adequate to reach all the poor population of a metropolis) and the efficiency (to what degree the population benefitting from targeted interventions is poor) of area-based interventions. The methodology to identify poverty areas is based on three spatial levels of analysis: dissemination areas (DAs), census tracts (CTs) and districts, namely micro, meso and macro levels. Hierarchical linear models are used to analyze the variance partitioned between these levels. Results of ...
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Using cotinine validation to identify smokers, we estimate that 1046 of the 3475 women in the study population smoked during pregnancy, which is 25% higher than figures based on self reported smoking (839/3475). The projected true smoking prevalence for pregnant women in Scotland (after adjusting for area deprivation, maternal age, and self reported smoking) is 28%, notably higher than the 23% based on self reporting.2 Projected figures suggest that in Scotland each year more than 17% of pregnant smokers (n=2400) are not identified as such and are therefore not offered smoking cessation services.. There was a striking difference in smoking prevalence in pregnant women between area deprivation categories, reflecting that seen elsewhere.22 Nearly 40% of smokers in the least deprived areas (deprivation categories 1+2) did not report their smoking status compared with only 22% of smokers in the most deprived areas (categories 4+5). This possibly reflects a greater expectation in more affluent areas ...
Studies from sub-Saharan Africa have shown that a substantial proportion of patients diagnosed with HIV enter into HIV medical care late. However, data from low or middle-income countries outside Africa are scarce. In this study, we investigated risk factors associated with delayed entry into care stratified by gender in a large cohort study in India. 7701 patients were diagnosed with HIV and 5410 entered into care within three months of HIV diagnosis. Nearly 80% entered into care within a year, but most patients who did not enter into care within a year remained lost to follow up or died. Patient with risk factors related to having a low socio-economic status (poverty, being homeless, belonging to a disadvantaged community and illiteracy) were more likely to enter into care late. In addition, male gender and being asymptomatic at the moment of HIV infection were factors associated with delayed entry into care. Substantial gender differences were found. Younger age was found to be associated with
Mark Tully is the interim director of the Institute of Mental Health Sciences and a Professor of Public Health at Ulster University.. Prof Tullys research focuses on addressing population levels of physical inactivity and sedentary behaviour, which are major causes of poor physical and mental wellbeing. His research includes interventions targeting older adults and socio-economically disadvantaged communities. In addition, he is interested in the effects of changes in the built environment on behaviours. ...
Young people from fifteen deprived neighbourhoods have started working on local community projects designed to help them raise their ambitions, broaden ...
Teenage conception rates are an important social and health measure for local councils and decision makers. Historically, areas with high teenage conception rates have also had relatively high deprivation measures such as unemployment and child poverty. ONS has used a wide range of official statistics to help people explore the teenage conception rates and measures of deprivation in their area ...
Little research exists on the impact of behavior change interventions in disadvantaged communities. We conducted a prospective study to explore the effectiveness of motivational interviewing on physic
Every step you take and every dollar you raise on our Larapinta Trail adventure will directly help vulnerable young people through our brand new mobile outreach service Missionbeat NT.. Youll be supporting young people at risk of or experiencing homelessness, disengagement and mental health issues in some of the most disadvantaged communities in the country.. The money you raise will ensure these young people have immediate help in times of crisis, and access to ongoing support through our existing services, helping them take positive steps towards lives of independence. ...
Neng is fourteen years old. She lives and works on Venus Alley, a lane in the notorious Jembatan Besi slum in Jakarta, Indonesia. Unlike other children her age, she rarely gets to see the sun.
Will you vote to invest substantially more in job-training and the creation of transitional job programs in disadvantaged communities, including the formerly incarcerated, homeless, youth, and non-English speakers?. Jobs & Economy ...
Within the project's control area, 57% of households were below the poverty line in 2002 compared with 43% in 2007. Making ... Make Poverty History Poor relief Poverty in the United States Poverty threshold Poverty trap Private sector development ... Poverty reduction, poverty relief, or poverty alleviation, is a set of measures, both economic and humanitarian, that are ... Overcoming Human Poverty: UNDP Poverty Report 2000. New York: United Nations Publications. Kerbo, Harold (2005). World Poverty ...
Regardless of urbanicity, areas of concentrated poverty tend to have higher crime rates, underperforming schools, poor housing ... The extreme poverty rate of a population is the percentage of families earning less than half of the poverty threshold. For a ... Sociologist Gary Sandefur has called reservations the "first underclass areas" because of their concentrated poverty, high ... Sandefur, Gary (1989). "American Indian Reservations: The First Underclass Areas?". Focus. Institute for Research on Poverty. ...
... "low-income areas" as census tracts with 20%-39% of inhabitants falling under the poverty line, and labeling areas with 40% or ... International Development Main page on poverty Accumulation by dispossession Causes of poverty Poverty trap Extreme poverty ... below the federal poverty threshold." A large body of literature argues that areas of concentrated poverty place additional ... Low-poverty areas are not anxious to receive large numbers of poor, public housing families, and there will typically be ...
The PRS covered a number of areas. In the area of education and literacy, the PRS aimed to have 70 percent of children ... The Poverty Reduction Strategy (PRS) is a country-based process which leads to the formation of a Poverty Reduction Strategy ... Economy of Honduras Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper "Poverty Reduction Strategies". Retrieved 5 July 2018 ... "Honduras - Honduras Poverty Assessment: Attaining Poverty Reduction". Retrieved 5 July 2018. Documents of ...
"SRSP activists share gains in flood-hit areas". The Nation. 5 April 2012. (Articles with short description, Short description ... Poverty in Pakistan Poverty threshold List of countries by percentage of population living in poverty "Initiative for poverty ... "Poverty alleviation programme to undergo third party evaluation". DAWN. 3 March 2013. "The future of poverty reduction ... Bacha Khan Poverty Alleviation Programme (BKPAP), named after Khudai-e-Khidmatgar movement leader, Bacha Khan, was a public- ...
64.01% of rural areas lack access to water. Food insecurity in Niger List of countries by percentage of population living in ... Economy of Niger, Society of Niger, Poverty in Africa, Poverty by country). ... Poverty in Niger is widespread and enduring in one of the world's most impoverished countries. In 2015, the United Nations (UN ... Two out of three residents live below the poverty line and more than 40 percent of the population earn less than $1 a day. ...
This cost was the poverty line. In 1978, it was Rs.61.80 per person per month for rural areas and Rs.71.30 for urban areas. And ... Data showed a decline in poverty from 36% to 28%, but higher poverty rates in certain areas. Different groups proposed ... the poverty line had been fixed at Rs 27 in rural areas and Rs 33 in urban areas, levels at which getting two meals may be ... Poverty in India, Measurements and definitions of poverty, Research on poverty). ...
Sichuan and Yunnan as the most poverty-stricken areas. In November 2015, the Central Conference on Poverty Alleviation and ... Poverty Alleviation Office of the State Council (2014). "国务院扶贫开发领导小组办公室 建档立卡 国务院扶贫办关于印发《扶贫开发建档立卡工作方案》的通知 'Poverty Alleviation, ... Those left behind will face the most difficulty getting over the poverty line. Many live in very remote areas, which lack the ... The party-state experienced a governance crisis in rural areas
For a variety of reasons, it is more difficult to escape poverty in areas of concentrated poverty, where poor people may be ... in poverty Make Poverty History Poverty Poverty reduction Poverty threshold Rural ghetto Social mobility Theories of poverty ... In economics, a cycle of poverty or poverty trap is caused by self-reinforcing mechanisms that cause poverty, once it exists, ... The problem is that in high poverty areas this is supposed to be a helpful resource, but they start to hold lower quality[ ...
... basic needs poverty, and food poverty. However, these reductions are occurring faster in urban areas as compared to rural areas ... Trends in poverty alleviation in Tanzania vary greatly between urban and rural areas in which about 70% of Tanzania's ... This disparity in wealth between urban and rural is a key factor for child poverty in the rural areas, with 48% lacking basic ... Food Poverty The split between rural and urban poverty is most extreme in terms of food insecurity. As of 2012 only 1% of ...
In Afghanistan, poverty is widespread in rural and urban areas. However, it has been estimated that poverty in Afghanistan is ... "Afghanistan's poverty rate rises as economy suffers". U.S. Retrieved 2018-10-18. "Afghan poverty as politics stall". BBC News. ... It has been estimated that four out of five poor people live in rural areas. In these rural areas, families without enough ... Also, 20 percent of people living just above the poverty line are highly vulnerable to falling into poverty. The recent rise of ...
Poverty rose sharply in the rural areas in the 1990s and the gap in income between urban and rural areas of the country became ... Poverty in Pakistan has historically been higher in rural areas and lower in the cities. Out of the total 40 million living ... Poverty in Pakistan has been recorded by the World Bank at 39.3% using the lower middle-income poverty rate of US$3.2 per day, ... Poverty by country List of administrative units of Pakistan by Human Development Index Family planning in Pakistan "Poverty in ...
Child poverty is one of the most important problems in Moldova. Children living in rural areas have an extremely high risk of ... "Poverty & Equity Data Portal". Retrieved 2019-08-11. "Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty ... Therefore, increases in employment in agriculture in rural areas alone cannot solve the issue of poverty in villages. Roma ... Rural poverty in Moldova (CS1 maint: url-status, Source attribution, Poverty in Moldova). ...
Poverty exists in rural communities as well as in urban areas. Rural poverty is frequently overlooked. The most common form of ... Working-age poverty Working-age poverty, The Joseph Rowntree Foundation Pensioner poverty Pensioner poverty, Joseph Rowntree ... Absolute poverty is better at judging poverty in the short term, whereas relative poverty is better at seeing long-term trends ... "Poverty in the UK". Oxfam GB. "The Poverty Barrier" (PDF). Wikimedia Commons has media related to Poverty in the United Kingdom ...
"Center helps Madison-area residents complete tax papers". Wisconsin News. "Puelicher Center for Banking Education wins ... John Hoffmire, who holds the Carmen Porco Chair in Sustainable Business at the Center on Business and Poverty, founded the ... Center on Business and Poverty (COBAP) is a non-profit organization that supports writing and community projects related to ... The Center on Business and Poverty has helped to grow a sister organization: The Personal Finance Employee Education Fund ( ...
Some of the provinces record a high poverty rate compared to others. Areas with high poverty rates include Ratanak Kiri, ... Cambodia has experienced a tremendous drop in poverty but there is a high chance of relapsing to poverty. Poverty rate in ... poverty has dramatically reduced in both rural and urban areas. However, one thing is real that the remaining poverty is more ... most of its citizens continue to live in rural areas and experience poverty. Cambodia has made progress in combating poverty, ...
Children in rural areas are more affected by child poverty as well. Many key industries have disappeared from these areas, ... Child poverty Poverty in the United States Youth in the United States Poverty and health in the United States Build Back Better ... Analyzing trends in poverty and the role of anti-poverty programs using the Supplemental Poverty Measure". Children and Youth ... Areas with low rates of commuters for work are also shown to have higher child poverty rates than counties with higher commuter ...
The new poverty threshold for rural areas was fixed at Rs 972 per month or Rs 32 per day. For urban areas, it was fixed at Rs ... The decline in urban areas was from 14.2% to 6.3% in the same period.The poverty level in rural and urban areas went down by ... 6.9% of the population still lives below the national poverty line and 63% in extreme poverty (December 2018) The World Poverty ... per month in rural areas and 1,286 Indian rupees (75 PPP USD) per month in urban areas. India's nationwide average poverty line ...
A 2020 GAO study identified 409 persistent poverty counties, as measured by the 1990 and 2000 censuses and the 2017 Small Area ... "Targeting Federal Funds: Information on Funding to Areas with Persistent or High Poverty". U.S. Governmental Accountability ... Poverty in the United States List of lowest-income places in the United States List of lowest-income counties in the United ... Persistent poverty counties are defined as those where 20% or more of the county population in each of the last four decennial ...
The Special Areas Act 1934 attempted to inject finance into depressed areas and British industry was protected by protectionist ... Interwar unemployment and poverty in the United Kingdom describes a period of poverty in Interwar Britain between the end of ... As unemployment was not uniform across Britain, it was decided to concentrate schemes in areas of the country that were ... The unemployment rate was even higher in areas including South Wales and Liverpool. The Government extended unemployment ...
Foreign workers were more likely to be men in their prime working years in the industrial areas, which generally had higher ... While the French poverty threshold is calculated as being half of the median income, the U.S. poverty threshold is based on ... Poverty rate at 50% 1970 12% 1975 10.2% 1979 8.3% 1984 7.7% 1990 6.6% 1996 7.2% 1998 6.7% 2000 6.5% 2002 6% Poverty rate at 60 ... Poverty in France has fallen by 60% over thirty years. Although it affected 15% of the population in 1970, in 2001 only 6.1% ( ...
... living situation is an especially strong determinant of health in poverty. Urban areas present health risks through poor living ... Poverty can overpower race, but within poverty, race highly contributes to health outcomes. African Americans, even in some of ... It is measured in relation to the 'poverty line' or the lowest amount of money needed to sustain human life. Relative poverty ... Poverty and poor health are inseparably linked. Poverty has many dimensions - material deprivation (of food, shelter, ...
US Census Bureau (September 2011). "Income, Poverty, and Health Insurance Coverage in the United States: 2010" (PDF). US Census ... The Montrose Area School District offers a variety of clubs, activities and sports. The district funds: Varsity Junior high ... The Montrose Area School District is a small, rural public school district located in northwestern Susquehanna County, ... The Montrose Area School District encompasses approximately 228 square miles (590 km2). According to 2000 federal census data, ...
". "Poverty Guidelines". Pennsylvania Budget and Policy Center, Education Facts Student Poverty Concentration by LEA, 2012 ... Hazleton Area High School was created on September 2, 1992. The Hazleton Area School district consists of various high schools ... "Locate Us." Hazleton Area School District. Retrieved on July 18, 2016. "Hazleton Area School District Administration Building ... The Hazleton Area School District is a large, rural public school district in Pennsylvania, stretching across portions of ...
Areas of the country which were part of the American frontier for longer, and were therefore more influenced by the frontier ... "Rugged Individualism and the Misunderstanding of American Inequality" (PDF). Confronting Poverty. February 5, 2020. Retrieved ... "Religion, hard work are just 2 areas where Americans and Europeans diverge". MarketWatch. Retrieved 2021-02-22. " ...
". "Poverty Guidelines". Pennsylvania Budget and Policy Center, Education Facts Student Poverty Concentration by LEA, 2012 US ... The Schuylkill Haven Area School District is a small public school district in Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania. It serves the ... Schuylkill Haven Area School District operates one high school, Schuylkill Haven High School, one middle school, and one ... Schuylkill Haven Area School District encompasses approximately 55 square miles (140 km2). According to 2000 federal census ...
US Census Bureau (September 2011). "Income, Poverty, and Health Insurance Coverage in the United States: 2010" (PDF). US Census ... Minersville Area Elementary Center (1st-6th) and Minersville Area Junior Senior High School (7th-12). High school students may ... Minersville Area School District offers a variety of clubs, activities and an extensive sports program. It offers: German club ... The Minersville Area School District is a small, rural public school district in Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania. It is ...
... have been a priority for the Norwegian government since the 2005 poverty whitepaper which identified health as a key area ... Another important element of defining poverty is the distinction between persistent poverty and temporary poverty, because it ... The incidence of poverty is higher in populations from the Middle East and Africa. However, extreme poverty in Norway is almost ... In comparison to the rest of the world, poverty in Norway has remained low. Poverty in Norway is concentrated in the major ...
Relative poverty refers to individuals or entities that do not meet minimum standards versus others in the same area, place and ... Causes of income inequality Culture of poverty Cycle of poverty Involuntary unemployment Poverty reduction Theories of poverty ... "Poverty and Health". The World Bank - Working for a World Free of Poverty. 25 August 2014. Shah, Anup. "Causes of Poverty". ... "Poverty in the United States". "Poverty - The World Bank Group was committed to fighting poverty in all its ...
Adhere to accurate poverty alleviation, overcome poverty, resolutely fight against poverty, and let poor people and poor areas ... China Foundation for Poverty Alleviation, in order to provide poverty-stricken areas and impoverished populations with ... Poverty caused by disasters and returning to poverty due to disasters is one of the major causes of poverty. China Foundation ... libraries for townships in poverty-stricken areas to solve the problems of poor student accommodation in poverty-stricken areas ...
There are 128 indigenous people's households, with a total population of 633 staying in the four identified areas in the four ... The province's annual per capita poverty threshold is pegged at Php 23,436 in 2017. ... The province of Guimaras has a total land area of 60,457 hectares. The Province's specialization is on services sector (59%) ... A number of jeepneys and tricycles provide a public transport link between the University's central area throughout the year, ...
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.7 square miles (1.8 km2), all land. As of the ... About 20.2% of families and 24.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 33.0% of those under age 18 and 25.4 ...
With most of them coming from humble beginnings, they made little money from painting and mostly lived in poverty, causing many ... The cultural references varied depending on the area where the people lived. Northern cultures, like the Diaguita, preferred ...
Time poverty is defined as the lack of time for leisure and rest activities after time spent working. As women often serve ... Especially in rural areas, women tend to work more hours than men although the time work gap varies by country. Additionally, ... Time poverty is defined as the lack of time for leisure and rest activities after time spent working. High work intensity ... Of the poverty eradication policies currently in place, very few of them incorporate work intensity into their reduction ...
Matthews, having come from poverty and with no living parent, had to financially support himself with multiple jobs, but still ... Attorney for the Boston area. From 1920 to 1923, Matthews became the chief legal counsel for the Marcus Garvey founded ...
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 58.4 square miles (151 km2), of which, 57.7 square ... About 4.5% of families and 5.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.5% of those under age 18 and 10.2% ... Austin Farm Road Agricultural Area Baptist Church in Exeter Exeter Chapel Fisherville Historic and Archeological District ...
... and collaboration among individuals and agencies within the San Francisco Bay Area and other areas who serve Sex Workers. To ... poverty and homelessness, stigmatization, violence, as well as the overwhelming intricacies of the legal, public and social ... James provides 8,000 clinic and venue based services to thousands of sex workers in the Bay Area. The St. James Infirmary ... James Infirmary". Bay Area Reporter. Retrieved January 26, 2020. Nahmod, David-Elijah (April 24, 2019). "St. James Infirmary ...
Poverty and wealth - accurate and timely estimates of population characteristics are a critical input to social and economic ... The accuracy of passive mobile positioning is limited to the coverage area of network cells, which can range from a few hundred ... Mobile positioning data is also touted to be suitable for studying tourism in less visited natural areas where it is difficult ... Moreover, the accuracy of passive mobile positioning is limited to the coverage area of network cells, which can range from a ...
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 3.1 square miles (7.9 km2), of which 3.0 square ... About 21.4% of families and 19.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.0% of those under age 18 and 32.7 ... It is part of the Charleston-North Charleston-Summerville Metropolitan Statistical Area. The community was named after the ... The climate in this area is characterized by relatively high temperatures and evenly distributed precipitation throughout the ...
The Policy first introduced the concept of transmigration from over-populated Java to the less densely populated areas of ... Brooshooft sent reporters across the archipelago to report on local developments; they reported on the poverty, crop failure, ...
"Area of Cooperation: Environment". SAARC. Retrieved 6 July 2010. Press Releases, 18th SAARC Summit Declaration, November 27, ... poverty alleviation, the SAARC Development Fund, transport, information and communications technology development, science and ... In his inaugural address President Nasheed highlighted three areas of cooperation in which progress should be made; trade, ... to meet specific targets by the end of the twentieth century in areas such as food, shelter, education and environmental ...
Santa Rosa's land area is approximately 54.13 square kilometers (20.90 sq mi). It is located west of Laguna de Bay. The western ... Poverty Incidence of Santa Rosa Source: Philippine Statistics Authority Santa Rosa is considered to be the premier city and hub ... 3 - Population, Land Area, and Population Density" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. Quezon City, Philippines. August ... Public transportation within the city, like in most of the urban areas in the Philippines, is facilitated mostly using ...
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.0 square mile (2.6 km2), all land. This climatic ... About 1.6% of families and 2.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.9% of those under age 18 and none of ... In fact, Uintah is named after the Weber Ute Band of Shoshone Indians which occupied the area at the time of white settlement. ... It is part of the Ogden-Clearfield, Utah Metropolitan Statistical Area. Although Uintah was a town in 2000, it has since been ...
Warmington, a solicitor, was a resident of the area for over 20 years, a vestryman and Poor Law guardian and deacon of the ... which he said had brought a reduction in rural crime and poverty, and declared himself in favour of restrictions on immigration ...
About 3.6% of families and 4.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.3% of those under age 18 and 2.9% of ... It is part of the Des Moines-West Des Moines Metropolitan Statistical Area. St. Charles was platted in 1852. It was named after ... the city has a total area of 0.54 square miles (1.40 km2), all of it land. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 653 ... Des Moines metropolitan area, 1852 establishments in Iowa). ...
According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 19.4 square miles (50.3 km2), all of it land. As of ... About 22.5% of families and 28.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 36.0% of those under age 18 and 22.0 ...
British philanthropists after whom the Brooks World Poverty Institute was named Rosa Brooks, American law professor Ross Brooks ... for whom Marion Brooks Natural Area was named Mark Brooks (disambiguation), several people Marshall Brooks, British sportsman ...
About 29.8% of families and 38.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 60.5% of those under the age of ... the town has a total area of 0.5 square mile (1.3 km2), all land. As of the census of 2000, there were 208 people, 67 ... Pages using infobox settlement with possible area code list, AC with 0 elements, Towns in Orangeburg County, South Carolina, ...
He grew up in poverty; his father worked in a lumber yard making 25 cents an hour, and his mother cleaned houses. Behring ... In 1972, Behring moved to the San Francisco Bay Area, where he was involved in developing the country club at Blackhawk, ... It was built on an area that was formerly wetlands, pastures, and fields. The new development was incorporated as Tamarac, ... "New program to prepare principals for California's urban schools gets $7.5 million gift from Bay Area philanthropist". ...
About 2.8% of families and 5.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.1% of those under age 18 and 1.5% ... According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 35.3 square miles (91 km2), of which 28.7 square ...
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town of Lillington has a total area of 4.6 square miles (11.9 km2), of which ... About 12.4% of families and 20.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 31.2% of those under age 18 and 20.4 ... Lillington is a part of the Dunn Micropolitan Area, which is also a part of the greater Raleigh-Durham-Cary Combined ... Town of Lillington official website Lillington Area Chamber of Commerce The Daily Record (Articles using NRISref without a ...
Covering an area of 2,076.96 acres (3.25 sq mi; 840.52 ha), the neighborhood had a population density of 19.6 inhabitants per ... In 2018, an estimated 11% of South Shore residents lived in poverty, compared to 17% in all of Staten Island and 20% in all of ... At the southeastern corner of the neighborhood is Great Kills Park, part of the Gateway National Recreation Area. The park ... Table PL-P5 NTA: Total Population and Persons Per Acre - New York City Neighborhood Tabulation Areas*, 2010, Population ...
A Burns-area resident who organized the event described it as an opportunity to defuse tensions that had been simmering between ... Southern Poverty Law Center. Retrieved January 13, 2016. Njus, Elliot (February 22, 2016). "Armed occupiers promise plan to ... Only ranchers who owned land near the area were allowed to pass. The remaining members debated on what to do next, with some ... The FBI also found evidence that the militants used a boat launch area, about 1.5 miles (2.4 km) northeast of the refuge, for ...
Violent crime is a growing issue; most cases of it are reported in the more developed areas of the country, such as Ho Chi Minh ... As many females in the country are stricken with poverty, selling their body is deemed as one of, if not the only, option for ... There are counterfeit and unauthorized merchandise which can be easily found in many areas of Vietnam. Prostitution is against ... Traveling alone in remote areas after dark is of risk especially to foreigners. ...
About 6.9% of families and 6.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12% of those under age 18 and 0.0% of ... According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 36.2 square miles (93.8 km2), of which 36.2 ... Harlem Station was a railroad station and area in the southern part of the Township. West Olive is an unincorporated community ...
About 15.4% of families and 22.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.5% of those under age 18 and 21.3 ... the city has a total area of 7.0 square miles (18 km2), of which 6.4 square miles (17 km2) is land and 0.5 square miles (1.3 ...
The Sio-Nambariwa area was found to have been the principal Japanese supply area, and a large number of fuel, supply, and ... With this poverty of supply it made no difference how brave they were; it was a case of "An army marches on its stomach". ... The area was foul and nauseating. A halt was called for Christmas while supplies were brought up. Units had a rest day. Most ... The Battle of Wareo proved that the Japanese intended to defend the area. After a fierce fight, Wootten managed to drive the ...
In suburban areas, they go door to door, and in more commercial areas, they usually have stands or lay their goods on the ... According to the Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation, there are 10 million street vendors in India, with Mumbai ... In many African metropolitan areas, hawkers, commonly referred to as "vendors", are seen everywhere. They sell a wide range of ... sell their wares throughout an area.[citation needed] In the English-speaking Caribbean, hawkers are commonly referred to as ...
Benson Area Transit provides transportation to Benson two days a week. David Patten Kimball The Church of Jesus Christ of ... About 8.7% of families and 12.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.6% of those under age 18 and 3.8% ... It is one of the oldest standing structures in the area. The St. David School District is also the oldest in the San Pedro ... the CDP has a total area of 5.3 square miles (14 km2), all land. The portion of Arizona State Route 80 that runs east-west ...
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the Norfolk CDP has a total area of 0.93 square miles (2.4 km2), all of it recorded as ... 0% of families and 6.6% of the total population were living below the poverty line, including 0% of people under 18 and 15.9% ...
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Access to life-saving services in urban areas / prepared under the joint sponsorship of the United Nations Environment ...
Variability Observed By Area, Race/Ethnicity, and Poverty Status ... Variability Observed By Area, Race/Ethnicity, and Poverty ... and higher coverage among teens living in poverty compared with those living at or above the poverty level. Blacks had lower ... Differences were observed among racial/ethnic groups and by poverty status, including higher coverage for HPV4 among Hispanic ... Survey provides first estimates of coverage at the state level and for selected local areas ...
... all its related concerns require so much mental energy that the poor have less remaining brainpower to devote to other areas of ... Research based at Princeton University found that poverty and ... "Previous views of poverty have blamed poverty on personal ... Poor concentration: Poverty reduces brainpower needed for navigating other areas of life by Morgan Kelly, Office of ... "A person in poverty might be at the high part of the performance curve when it comes to a specific task and, in fact, we show ...
Opportunity Areas Shouldnt Just Be Places With A Lot of White.... Edward G. Goetz, Anthony Damiano, and Rashad Williams - ...
Innovations for Poverty Action (IPA) is registered as a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization. Contributions to IPA are tax- ... Three-quarters of the worlds poor live in rural areas and depend largely on farming. Identifying ways for these farming ... Copyright 2018 Innovations for Poverty Action , Privacy Policy , Legal Disclosures & Policies , IPA Staff , Press , Donate ...
More Children Now Live In High-Poverty Neighborhoods Than 10 Years Ago ... The study defined areas of concentrated poverty as census tracts where 30 percent of residents or more live below the ... In the last decade, the number of children living in areas of concentrated poverty grew by 1.6 million, according to a new ... The study shows that certain children are more likely to live in areas of high poverty than others. They include children in ...
Poverty Mapping Project: Small Area Estimates of Poverty and Inequality. Palisades, New York: NASA Socioeconomic Data and ... Small Area Estimates of Poverty and Inequality, v1 (1990 - 2002). *Global Gridded Relative Deprivation Index (GRDI), v1 (2010 ... Small Area Estimates of Poverty and Inequality, v1 (1990 - 2002). *Set Overview ... Poverty Mapping. Follow Us: Twitter Follow Us on Facebook YouTube Flickr , Share: Twitter Facebook *Collection Overview ...
Overcome Poverty at Lansing Capital Area Salvation Army. Doing the Most Good in Eaton, Cilnton and Ingham counties. ... We fight poverty with love. By providing programs that serve the body, mind and soul, The Salvation Army helps alleviate the ... Poverty is often the result of, and catalyst for, chronic struggles with hunger, addiction, housing insecurity, mental illness ... Lansing Capital Area Salvation Army. 525 N. Pennsylvania Ave., LANSING, Michigan 48912 , 1-800-SAL-ARMY , Privacy Policy , © ...
To get more federal funds to areas with long-term poverty, some federal agencies have to follow the 10-20-30 formula-use at ... Areas with High Poverty: Changing How the 10-20-30 Funding Formula Is Applied Could Increase Impact in Persistent-Poverty ... Areas with High Poverty: Changing How the 10-20-30 Funding Formula Is Applied Could Increase Impact in Persistent-Poverty ... guidance to increase the share of federal investments targeted to persistent-poverty areas and other areas of high poverty. It ...
... and chronic poverty in India and is part of a series of ODI/CPRC working papers entitled 'Spatial poverty traps: what are ... lt;p>This Working Paper explores the relationship between migration, remote rural areas (RRAs) ... This paper explores the relationship between migration, remote rural areas (RRAs) and chronic poverty in India and is part of a ... There is an urgent need to reform policy in these critical areas. While investing in dryland areas should remain a priority for ...
The increasing risk of natural disasters may nullify efforts to tackle global poverty, as the likelihood of severe droughts and ... hurricanesKenyaMadagascarnatural disastersNepalNigeriaODIOverseas Development InstitutePakistanpoor areaspoor peoplepovertyrisk ... The report found that around a third of a billion poor people will live in areas subjected to floods, hurricanes and droughts ... Instead we need a new breed of champions to be winning plaudits for their success in ending poverty and reducing disaster risk ...
Poverty. The US has more than 1 in 5 children living in poverty. Needless to say, many of these students are concentrated in ... Cities have higher percentages of public schools located in areas of poverty. In 2012-2013, 40 percent of students in cities ... attended high poverty schools, compared to 17 percent for students in suburban areas and 14 percent for students in rural areas ... The post Mapping Student Achievement in Areas of Poverty appeared first on Community Commons Stories. ...
How the Poverty Simulation Works. The Community Action Poverty Simulation breaks down stereotypes by allowing participants to ... Who has used the Poverty Simulation:. Some examples of groups who have used the Community Action Poverty Simulation experience ... Poverty is often portrayed as a stand-alone issue - but this simulation allows individuals to walk a month in the shoes of ... Living a Month in Poverty…. The simulation involves participants who take on the roles of members of up to 26 families, all ...
Governor Cuomo Announces $438,000 to Support Anti-Poverty Programs in Rochester Area. State Commission on National and ... 438,000 is available to support new AmeriCorps programs that combat poverty and fight inequality in the Rochester area. ... "We are proud to aid the work of the Governors Rochester Anti-Poverty Task Force," said Linda Cohen, Executive Director of NYS ... The States AmeriCorps members have changed the lives of New Yorkers by improving schools, fighting poverty, coming to the aid ...
A sound understanding of poverty traps-defined as poverty that is self-reinforcing due to the poors equilibrium behaviors-and ... Home » Publications » All research » Working paper » Well-being dynamics and poverty traps ... We review the theoretical and empirical evidence on single and multiple equilibria poverty traps at the macro, meso, and, ... In addition we review the literature exploring the various mechanisms that have been posited to perpetuate poverty. We find ...
Heifer International is a development organization working to end hunger and poverty around the world by providing livestock ... Learn more about Work Areas. Work Areas Our work may begin with livestock, but it ends with transforming lives. ... Learn more about 5 Ways Animals Help Reduce Global Poverty. 5 Ways Animals Help Reduce Global Poverty ... Heifer believes livestock has a really important role to play in ending global hunger and poverty. Here are 5 reasons why. ...
Anti-Poverty. This is an ongoing virtual opportunity. ... problem in our society through collaborating on that area ... CrowdDoing has multiple anti-poverty/economic development oriented research programs, including crypto projects that have an ... anti-poverty consequence, medicinal foods as affordable accessible medicine, up-skilling through service learning as a faster ...
Predicting Areas of Poverty. At Stanford University, researchers from the Sustainability and Artificial Intelligence Lab are ... When survey data isnt available, scientists can use the satellite imagery to predict areas of poverty, Burke explained. The ML ... Stanford scientists are also working on locating areas of poverty, which can be difficult, as accurate and reliable data from ... then use satellite imagery to model areas of poverty. ... How AI Can Help Fight Poverty. Machine learning (ML) and ...
... quartiles of area-level poverty experienced elevated odds of cardiometabolic dysfunction. Area-level poverty predicted ... Posthoc analysis explored associations between area-level poverty and family poverty-to-income ratio. Results: Overall, ... compared to adolescents residing in areas with the lowest area-level poverty (i.e., first quartile), residents in third (OR ... linked with census tract data on area-level poverty (the percent population living in poverty, grouped into race/ethnicity- ...
... which is an important support for the implementation of precision poverty alleviation strategy, and it is the key path to ... Education poverty alleviation is an endogenous mechanism to explore poverty alleviation in contiguous poverty-stricken areas, ... Education poverty alleviation is an endogenous mechanism to explore poverty alleviation in contiguous poverty-stricken areas, ... Research on the path of poverty alleviation in contiguous poverty-stricken areas- a case study of Wuling mountain area. West ...
Research Areas. *Gender Inequality. *Immigration. *Inequality & Mobility General. *Intergenerational Poverty. *Racial/Ethnic ... Focus on Poverty & Classroom Supplement 37(2), September 2021 Preventing child maltreatment and neglect in the United States: ... The Complexity of LGBT Poverty in the United States. *Fast Focus Policy Brief ...
You can more or less tell which areas are secure by whether some individual or group wants to stand up as the recipient of the ... Solving the poverty problem in Afghanistan by handing out money. For less than 10% of the military budget for Afghanistan, we ... Suddenly every "secure" area is, in rural Afghan terms, reasonably prosperous. (Kabul is a much more expensive place to live.) ... If 3/4 of the population lives in areas not controlled by warlords or the Taliban, that means something like 50,000 actual ...
Urban poverty alleviation / editors, Theo Kolstee, Joep Bijlmer, Fon van Oosterhout. by Kolstee, Theo , Bijlmer, Joep , ... Poverty reduction and the World Bank : progress in fiscal 1994. by World Bank. ... Financing health services in poor rural areas : adapting to economic and institutional reform in China / by Gerald Bloom ... [ ...
... or whether people of color living in wealthy areas are relatively protected. Exploring socioeconomic position in combination ... the mortality rate among non-Hispanic whites in the highest-poverty quartile was less than that of lowest-poverty non-Hispanic ... COVID-19 mortality rates were greatest in the highest-poverty quartile and lowest in the lowest-poverty quartile. The mortality ... We calculated age and gender-adjusted mortality rates by race/ethnicity, census tract poverty quartile, and age group (0-64 and ...
Scroll for more contacts by subject area Topic. Contact. Alternative Contact. Consumer price index (CPI), Producer price index ... Archive by category "Poverty and Inequality". ( - Page 3) Category Archives: Poverty and Inequality Household access to ... Subject area contacts. Economic Stats. Joe de Beer (Deputy Director-General). 012 310 8024. 082 888 2600. [email protected] ... Five facts about poverty in South Africa. The Living Conditions Survey (LCS) is part of Stats SAs household survey programme ...
State law to reduce food waste has Bay Area food banks starving for better distribution By Bay City News Foundation ... Renting in the Bay Area on minimum wage? Youll need at least 3 jobs By Marisa Kendall ... Bay Area weather: Rain forecast for the weekend; record cold hits Oakland ... Now she makes sure Bay Area officials listen to homeless voices By Marisa Kendall ...
Funding Area. *(-) Remove Community Development filter Community Development. *(-) Remove Social Science and Economics filter ... Home » Poverty » Community Development » Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion » Family Foundation » Independent Foundation » Social ...
TechnoServe helps build a sustainable coffee industry while reducing poverty for millions of families. ... Our approach addresses four key areas:. *Better Farming: Increasing the use of best farming practices by providing farmers with ... As featured in Business Fights Poverty, TechnoServes work is a compelling use case to demonstrate the value of climate- ... Stay updated on the latest business solutions to poverty-sign up for e-mail updates. ...
... is increasingly worried about his future as Turkey strains to curb poverty. Polls and academic research paint a grim picture ... Bay Area parents alarmed after baby boys fentanyl poisoning in S.F. park. ... Fear and poverty in Turkey as pandemic hits Erdogans base. Read full article. ... The bank, however, predicts that the poverty rate will rise less than forecast in the Turkish study, to about 12% from 10%, ...
  • Consumption-based poverty and inequality measures and related data for subnational administrative units in: Africa, Asia, Europe and Latin America.The catalog to facilitate use of the data is available for download here . (
  • Governor Andrew M. Cuomo today announced that $438,000 is available to support new AmeriCorps programs that combat poverty and fight inequality in the Rochester area. (
  • The United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) Steering Group on Measuring Poverty and Inequality has been tasked with producing a guide on Measuring Social Exclusion which references a lot of our PSE work. (
  • Olivier De Schutter, the UN Special Rapporteur on extreme poverty and human rights, said the plan shows how countries can take advantage of the global COVID-19 pandemic to address extreme poverty and reduce inequality. (
  • He said: "The scheme will provide much-needed relief to those in need and is a great example of how to develop an inclusive approach to addressing poverty and inequality. (
  • With our partners, ICRW is building the evidence around what works to reduce inequality and poverty. (
  • The Department of Commerce's Economic Development Administration (EDA) and Department of the Treasury's Community Development Financial Institutions (CDFI) Fund both awarded at least 10 percent of designated funds to persistent-poverty counties in fiscal years 2017-2020, but generally had done so before 2017. (
  • This report examines (1) the proportion of funds subject to the 10-20-30 formula that these agencies awarded in persistent-poverty counties in 2017-2020 and the effects on funding levels to these areas, and (2) how agencies identify persistent-poverty counties. (
  • The WHO Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean and the Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases (TDR) are pleased to announce the 2016-2017 call for applications of the Joint EMRO/TDR Small Grants Scheme (SGS) for implementation research in infectious diseases of poverty. (
  • In 2017, the poverty threshold set by the government was $12,140 for a family of one and $25,100 for a family of four. (
  • The poverty guidelines are calculated by taking the 2017 Census Bureau's poverty thresholds and adjusting them for price changes between 2017 and 2018 using the Consumer Price Index-Urban (CPI-U). (
  • But Wednesday's session on Capitol Hill didn't bridge the gulf between Ryan's philosophy of addressing poverty and that of the black caucus - whose members defend many of the current federal anti-poverty programs that Ryan's proposed budget would cut. (
  • The EITC is one of the nation's largest and most effective anti-poverty programs," said Ian Gordon, vice president of community impact and engagement at United Way NCA. (
  • As one of the nation's largest and most effective anti-poverty programs, the EITC is an important benefit for low- to moderate-income Americans during tax season every year. (
  • Estimated number of children ages 0-17 living in census tracts in which at least 30% of residents live below their federal poverty threshold (e.g., in 2014-2018, 964,271 California children lived in areas of concentrated poverty). (
  • The federal poverty threshold was $25,465 for a family of two adults and two children in 2018. (
  • Research has just been published which unfortunately shows a growing gap in the quality of health care in England between the poorest and richest areas. (
  • In June 2014 the US Census Bureau ranked the City of Buffalo as the 4th poorest city in the nation, where nearly 27 percent of the population lives in poverty, nearly two thirds under 200% threshold of the federal poverty level. (
  • 2021 Charlotte Area Fund. (
  • In 2021, those who qualified for the EITC in the Washington metropolitan area received an average tax refund of $2,300. (
  • The Roma Survey 2021 provides comparable data on the actual impact of EU and national anti-discrimination, anti-racism and equality legislation policies (including polices on reducing poverty and on social inclusion). (
  • To get more federal funds to areas with long-term poverty, some federal agencies have to follow the "10-20-30 formula"-use at least 10% of certain grant, loan, and other program funds in counties with poverty rates of at least 20% over the last 30 years. (
  • That is, agencies must allocate at least 10 percent of designated funds to counties with poverty rates of at least 20 percent over the last 30 years (persistent-poverty counties). (
  • To shed light on this aspect of poverty, ERS defined counties as being persistently poor if 20 percent or more of their populations were living in poverty over the last 30 years (measured by the 1970, 1980, 1990, and 2000 decennial censuses). (
  • Federal poverty thresholds aim to define and measure poverty over time, rather than describe the amount of income families need to live. (
  • Federal poverty guidelines are simplified federal poverty thresholds produced by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services and used for administrative purposes such as determining eligibility for federal programs and benefits. (
  • Lvliang mountain area is the famous old revolutionary base in China, and it is one of the fourteen contiguous poverty-stricken areas that the country focus on poverty alleviation during the 13th five-year plan, accounting for one-third of the total number of poor people in Shanxi. (
  • Analysis on the change and orientation of Chinese rural poverty alleviation policy. (
  • An analysis of the role of county libraries in cultural poverty alleviation. (
  • Research on the path of poverty alleviation in contiguous poverty-stricken areas- a case study of Wuling mountain area. (
  • A review on the research on educational poverty alleviation. (
  • Taking the New Idea and new mechanism to improve the effectiveness of education poverty alleviation - A case study of poverty alleviation practice in western Yunnan. (
  • In preparation for a new Congress and updates to federal poverty alleviation initiatives, JFF developed Alleviating Poverty for Opportunity Youth , a brief highlighting how policymakers must ensure that young people as well as adults are accessing appropriate skill development opportunities and support services that lead to family-supporting careers. (
  • Federal poverty alleviation programs like the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Programs (SNAP), and Pell grants are designed to assist low-income individuals and can be used to help opportunity youth gain the skills they need for economic success. (
  • In this brief, JFF highlights the importance of, and recommendations for, improving poverty alleviation initiatives to help opportunity youth attain the education, skills, and credentials needed to rise out of poverty and prosper in the economy of today and tomorrow. (
  • JFF's policy team offers fresh ideas on education, poverty alleviation, and workforce issues that prepare students and workers for the jobs of the future and boost our nation's economy. (
  • Energy as it relates to Poverty Alleviation and Environmental Protection (UNDP, 1998, 36 p. (
  • We calculated age and gender-adjusted mortality rates by race/ethnicity, census tract poverty quartile, and age group (0-64 and ≥65 years). (
  • Race/ethnicity and living in poverty are risk factors that can contribute to higher blood lead levels in children. (
  • South Dublin County Council launched an initiative to provide free sanitary products in public toilets at Council offices in response to a campaign by Homeless Period Ireland to combat "Period Poverty" in 2019. (
  • Background Prior research has identified higher rates of COVID-19 mortality among people of color (relative to non-Hispanic whites) and populations in high-poverty neighborhoods (relative to wealthier neighborhoods). (
  • It is unclear, however, whether non-Hispanic whites in high-poverty neighborhoods experience elevated mortality, or whether people of color living in wealthy areas are relatively protected. (
  • There are rough neighborhoods because of poverty. (
  • Census tracts are small, relatively permanent subdivisions of a county that are defined by the U.S. Census Bureau in conjunction with local authorities all across the country to define real neighborhoods that are bounded to contain areas with homogeneous population characteristics (including economic status, lifestyle, and living conditions). (
  • This can occur in vacation areas, and occasionally it is also found in neighborhoods that are primarily filled with college students, as some apartments could be vacant when school is not in session. (
  • These air toxic hot spots were independently associated with neighborhoods with high levels of poverty and unemployment and low levels of education. (
  • The increasing risk of natural disasters may nullify efforts to tackle global poverty, as the likelihood of severe droughts and floods increases between now and 2030, a new report has found. (
  • Learn more about 5 Ways Animals Help Reduce Global Poverty. (
  • The study defined areas of concentrated poverty as census tracts where 30 percent of residents or more live below the government's poverty threshold, defined as an income of $22,000 or less for a family of four. (
  • When distinct census tracts are blended together in a single Zip Code, the data reflects their average conditions and often gives a false sense of the area. (
  • Using census tracts makes great matches possible, and helps people find the areas that are best for them and their families. (
  • We used geographic information systems to identify statistically significant clusters of census tracts with elevated all-site cancer risk due to air toxics in the St. Louis metropolitan area. (
  • Results of search for 'su:{Poverty areas. (
  • The final report re- ties in income, wealth, and power also exist across other population vealed that a boy in the deprived (WHO, 2010), are a reflection of the groups and communities (defined area of Calton had an average life levels of justice and fairness in so- by sex, age, race or ethnicity, geo- expectancy of 54 years compared ciety. (
  • The U.S. Census Bureau's official poverty measure compares pre-tax cash income against a threshold of three times the cost of a minimally adequate diet in 1963, adjusted for inflation. (
  • Indicators of family income between 0-100% and 0-200% of federal poverty guidelines are provided for mothers with a recent birth. (
  • To gauge the influence of poverty in natural contexts, the researchers tested 464 sugarcane farmers in India who rely on the annual harvest for at least 60 percent of their income. (
  • We chose to look at this data because we know that regardless of the family's income, children who grow up in high-poverty communities are more likely to have their long-term outcomes be hampered by the community that they live in ," said Laura Speer, the foundation's associate director for policy reform and data. (
  • Unfortunately, many of these students will remain low-income - continuing the cycle of poverty. (
  • The average income in El Salvador is approximately 851$, about 40% of the population live below the poverty line. (
  • The current cost of living is pushing more people into poverty, with almost 68% of low income. (
  • The spatial mismatch theory examines the spatial orientation of employment opportunities in urban areas and their proximity to low-income residents. (
  • The results indicate that commute times increased of significantly for low-income, nonwhite, blue-collar workers, while white, higher-income, and white-collar workers in the Austin Metro Area did not see such a significant increase. (
  • One of the most successful of these VISTA programs is the Arkansas River Valley Area Council (ARVAC), an agency continuing to serve a low-income citizens in a nine-county region in rural central Arkansas. (
  • Over the years there has been debate on how well they measure poverty with some conservatives such as the Heritage Foundation arguing that poverty rates aren't as high because it doesn't count as income certain support programs such as the nutrition programs. (
  • POVERTY ACTION: Olivier De Schutter wants minimum income plan extended. (
  • At the moment, Spain's 'minimum vital income' scheme is expected to reach more than 850,000 households and benefit 1.6 million people living in extreme poverty. (
  • When working with small-scale income, health, or poverty measures, you've probably come across Small Area Estimation (SAE) techniques. (
  • For example, the World Bank uses SAE techniques for poverty mapping , the U.S. Census Bureau's uses them for Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates (SAIPE) . (
  • Poverty and crime increased in these areas, where remaining residents were primarily lower-income minorities. (
  • 2) The person's total family income does not exceed the higher of the Federal Poverty Guidelines or 70% of the lower living standard income level (LLSIL) Guidelines . (
  • 3) The person has a disability and his/her own income does not exceed the higher of the Federal Poverty Guidelines or 70% of the lower living standard income level (LLSIL) Guidelines . (
  • Those eligible for government assistance will not pay more than 9.5% of their income for the second-lowest cost silver plan in their area. (
  • United Way of the National Capital Area (United Way NCA), a nonprofit that works to improve health, education and economic opportunity in communities, is making it easier for residents of the Washington metropolitan area to determine if they qualify for the EITC by offering free and virtual tax preparation services to those with an annual income of $56,000 or less. (
  • The services are available at the organization's network of Financial Empowerment Centers (FECs), as well as at several partnering IRS Volunteer Income Tax Assistance (VITA) program sites throughout the Washington metropolitan area until April 15. (
  • Beverley Wheeler, director of D.C. Hunger Solutions, said when the organization started to conduct studies about grocery store accessibility 10 years ago, developers were only interested in investing in higher-income areas. (
  • The nation's poverty rate was at nineteen percent. (
  • Although most of the Nation's poor live in metropolitan (metro) areas, poverty rates have been consistently higher in nonmetropolitan (nonmetro) areas in every year since the 1960s, when poverty rates were first officially recorded. (
  • However, agencies have identified these "persistent-poverty counties" in different ways, and some agencies are required to use outdated poverty data. (
  • The Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Rural Development awarded less than 10 percent of designated funds to persistent-poverty counties in at least one fiscal year for six out of 10 appropriations accounts. (
  • For example, it may not be financially prudent for local governments in persistent-poverty counties to participate in a loan program to finance community facilities if the governments cannot service the debt. (
  • The purpose of the 10-20-30 formula-to increase the proportion of funding awarded to persistent-poverty counties-could be better achieved by focusing its application on programs that do not already target such areas and which can provide meaningful assistance to economically distressed communities. (
  • The three agencies GAO reviewed used different datasets and methodologies to identify persistent-poverty counties for the 10-20-30 formula. (
  • EDA also used a methodology that identified more than 100 additional persistent-poverty counties, than the other two agencies. (
  • Requiring each agency to identify persistent-poverty counties in this way is inefficient, and the inconsistency limits the ability to compare targeted funding across agencies. (
  • Using a uniform list of persistent-poverty counties, updated each year, would reduce administrative costs and facilitate assessments of the formula's impact across agencies. (
  • A majority (340 of 386) of the persistent-poverty counties are nonmetro counties. (
  • No persistent-poverty counties are found in the Northeast, and only 60 of the nonmetro persistent-poverty counties are in the Midwest and West. (
  • The remaining 280 nonmetro persistent-poverty counties are in the South, comprising 25 percent of the total nonmetro population there. (
  • ISTANBUL (Reuters) - Huseyin Goksoy, a tailor who was so stressed about going hungry during the worst of the COVID-19 pandemic that he was briefly bedridden with a hernia, is increasingly worried about his future as Turkey strains to curb poverty. (
  • Prior to the COVID-19 pandemic, tens of thousands of households in the Bay Area already struggled to pay their bills each month. (
  • Amid pandemic lockdowns in other areas, local missionaries divided discipleship training sessions into smaller groups that deepened disciples' faith. (
  • Migration is critical to managing risk and smoothing consumption for a majority of chronically poor households living in remote rural areas. (
  • However, focus group discussions (FGDs) and key informant interviews show that, for many chronically poor households, migration provides a way of 'coping' without graduating out of poverty altogether. (
  • Students who grow up in poverty are less likely to complete higher education, more likely to live in single parent households, experience poorer health outcomes, and rely more on public assistance. (
  • 1. Partition the map of Afghanistan into areas of roughly 500 residents (50-150 households). (
  • In contrast, policies and programs that focus resolutely on creating opportunities for the people living in poverty to improve their energy services can enable poorer households to enjoy both short-term and self-reinforcing long-term improvements in their standard of living. (
  • Three-quarters of the world's poor live in rural areas and depend largely on farming. (
  • They include children in cities or rural areas, as opposed to the suburbs, and children of color. (
  • This paper explores the relationship between migration, remote rural areas (RRAs) and chronic poverty in India and is part of a series on spatial poverty traps. (
  • In 2012-2013, 40 percent of students in cities attended high poverty schools, compared to 17 percent for students in suburban areas and 14 percent for students in rural areas (see table, here ). (
  • For less than 10% of the military budget for Afghanistan, we could eliminate rural poverty there. (
  • Suddenly every "secure" area is, in rural Afghan terms, reasonably prosperous. (
  • In rural areas, about 62% of all children work, to support their families. (
  • Public education is inconsistent in quality, being extremely poor in rural areas and dubiously efficient in urban areas, becoming one of the State's greatest challenges. (
  • Analysis of the PSE-UK survey results finds significant poverty in every kind of location in Scotland with poverty highest in large urban areas and lowest in remote towns though there is strong evidence that access to services is worse in more rural or remote locations. (
  • Around 15% of people in the United States live in rural areas. (
  • Rural areas are less crowded and can offer more privacy. (
  • You may choose a rural area so that you can live near your family and friends. (
  • But there are also challenges to living in a rural area, including when it comes to taking care of your health. (
  • or live in rural or non-metropolitan areas. (
  • Persistent poverty is also more pervasive in the most rural areas, as seen in the share of counties that were persistently poor-4 percent of metro counties, 13 percent of micropolitan counties (the more urbanized nonmetro counties), and 18 percent of noncore, nonmetro counties (the most rural of nonmetro counties). (
  • Improved livelihoods: fund projects should support jobs, predominantly in rural areas of developing countries, helping to lift people out of poverty. (
  • Large portions of the inner city and rural areas of the region are designated population Health Professional Shortage Areas. (
  • People at 200 percent of the Federal poverty level are overwhelmingly concentrated in the cities of Buffalo and Niagara Falls and widely across the Southern Tier counties of Chautauqua, Cattaraugus and Allegany in both small cities and rural areas. (
  • In urban areas, they are small, and in rural areas they can cover an entire small town or even a few small towns in very rural areas. (
  • In Midlands province, Gweru rural district areas such as St Faith and Shamrock are popular gold panning areas. (
  • Given the lack of infrastructure and the number of rural communities scattered throughout the territory, the presence of the teams in rural areas becomes sporadic and ultimately the continuity of actions is undermined. (
  • Multivariate analysis indicated that older patients and patients from rural areas were more likely to undergo ePCR, as were whites as compared with African Americans. (
  • The average household size is 4.7 people, with 80% of the population living in rural areas. (
  • Identifying ways for these farming families to increase productivity and earn more money has the potential to improve food security, increase financial stability, and alleviate poverty. (
  • By providing programs that serve the body, mind and soul, The Salvation Army helps alleviate the symptoms of poverty - and works to address the root issues that cause it. (
  • Through programs that serve the body, mind and soul, we alleviate the symptoms of poverty, then work to address the root issues that cause it. (
  • These cookies perform functions like remembering presentation options or choices and, in some cases, delivery of web content that based on self-identified area of interests. (
  • For content tailored to your interests and area, please share more information below. (
  • Now you'll receive updates on ICPH publications, research and news each month as well as content tailored to your interests and area. (
  • For the older population, the mortality rate among non-Hispanic whites in the highest-poverty quartile was less than that of lowest-poverty non-Hispanic Black and Hispanic/Latinx populations. (
  • When ecologic analysis were performed, populations of Black and White children had nearly equal asthma discharge rates after adjustment for poverty. (
  • Areas of hyperendemicity (eg, indigenous populations of Australia and New Zealand) see an incidence of 300-500 cases per 100,000 children, whereas the rates are approximately 50-fold lower in their nonindigenous compatriots. (
  • Our upcoming webinar series will bring together a range of experts to explore the context of tackling poverty in Scotland. (
  • Officials said some programs had not received a sufficient number of applications from these counties to meet the threshold because the programs are not well-suited to areas with severe poverty. (
  • A sound understanding of poverty traps-defined as poverty that is self-reinforcing due to the poor's equilibrium behaviors-and their underlying mechanisms is fundamentally important to the development of policies and interventions targeted to assist the poor and/or eradicate poverty. (
  • We review the theoretical and empirical evidence on single and multiple equilibria poverty traps at the macro, meso, and, especially, micro levels. (
  • We find sufficient evidence to support the poverty traps hypothesis, suggesting that policies designed to interrupt those self-perpetuating mechanisms merit serious attention. (
  • With this sample, we can estimate quantities of the population such as the total number of persons in a specific age class, or socio-economic indicators for poverty or health. (
  • for details, see How the Census Bureau Measures Poverty . (
  • 200% of the federal poverty level according to the 2000 US Census ( 11 ). (
  • Cash programs have had profound effects on recipients, helping lift people out of poverty and improving outcomes for whole families. (
  • Going by Sri Lanka's national poverty line of about $1.50 per day (Purchasing Power Parity in 2005), the poverty headcount rates of Mullaitivu, Mannar and Kilinochchi are 28.8 per cent, 20.1 per cent and 12.7 per cent respectively. (
  • With respect to the estates, the poverty headcount rate is 10.9 per cent, as per the Sri Lanka's national poverty line and this goes up to 50.6 per cent under the international poverty line. (
  • The results of the discussion and debates will be fed back to the Scottish Government, as part of Get Heard Scotland's process of contributing to the next Child Poverty Delivery Plan. (
  • Lack of access to the labour market and high unemployment rates, particularly among the youth and among educated women, are the factors that have contributed to the prevalence of such high rates of poverty. (
  • Milwaukee residents cite unemployment, poverty and education as the leading causes of crime in the city and say more police and more job opportunities would most lead to increased public safety, according to results of the Common Council's public safety survey. (
  • Unemployment and poverty were listed as the top causes of violent behavior and crime at 21 percent each. (
  • As featured in Business Fights Poverty , TechnoServe's work is a compelling use case to demonstrate the value of climate-resilient agriculture. (
  • However, in order to also reduce the impact on global warming in the areas of product design and development, we are replacing existing processes and materials with more climate-friendly alternatives, such as recycled materials, spin-dyed fabrics etc. (
  • The event is called SDG 2 - Linking Technological Innovation and Climate Change Actions for a World Free of Hunger, Malnutrition and Poverty. (
  • Climate change adaption: sustainable land management (SLM) approaches will increase resilience for project areas, and the people that depend on them. (
  • When CIP isn't dabbling in extraterrestrial farming, the organization uses roots and tubers to develop sustainable solutions to poverty, hunger, and climate change across the globe. (
  • Climate change creates poor soil conditions, the CIP explains in a second statement , which can exacerbate poverty and malnutrition in already vulnerable areas. (
  • Poverty levels in schools are categorized based on the percentage of students receiving FRPL . (
  • Higher percentage of Asian students, White students, and students of two or more races attend low- poverty schools, whereas higher percentages of Black, Hispanic, American Indian/Native American students attend high- poverty schools. (
  • In the 1980s, the average incidence of poverty was 4.4 percentage points higher in nonmetro areas than in metro areas. (
  • In 2000, 6.3 million children lived in high poverty areas in the United States, according to the report. (
  • During the 1990s, America experienced unprecedented economic growth, and the national poverty rate declined from a decade high of over 15 percent in 1993 to a low of 11.3 percent in 2000. (
  • By investing in community organizations that help those in need with everything from child care to job training, we are taking a crucial step forward in the fight against poverty," Governor Cuomo said. (
  • The study shows that certain children are more likely to live in areas of high poverty than others. (
  • African-American, American Indian and Latino children are six to nine times more likely than white children to live in high poverty areas. (
  • More than 70 percent are eligible for free or reduced-price lunch, which makes Lincoln a textbook example of what educators call the New Majority, reflecting the fact that more than half the students in American public schools today live in poverty. (
  • Egon Bittner has described "skid row" as a distinct geographic area within inner cities where people "lack the capacities and commitments to live normal lives," (1967b, p. 705). (
  • Are there areas of the country where people live in similar conditions today? (
  • He failed his challenge and concluded that "raising the minimum wage to $10.10 will increase the average annual salary of a minimum wage worker to $19,777, hardly a living wage, but a major step forward for the 30 million hardworking Americans who live in poverty while earning the minimum wage. (
  • Blackford and Stephenson live east of the Anacostia River, which has the city's highest concentration of "food deserts" - areas of poverty where many people live more than a quarter-mile from the closest grocery store and can have limited access to vehicles. (
  • One-third of the Browns Mill neighborhood's residents live below the poverty line, and the nearest grocery store is a half-hour away by bus. (
  • Many of them live in hard-to-reach, geographically isolated areas and experience political and social neglect. (
  • The CRAS mobile teams were created to enable the access of families who live in areas which are difficult to access or have an extensive territory to the social services. (
  • Mainly the urban areas have developed. (
  • Previous studies have shown that the majority of service calls in urban areas are concentrated within a few addresses. (
  • A lack of good-quality food in urban areas is a serious problem, but these politicians aren't part of the solution. (
  • There just still aren't very many people in paid employment even with the bigger governments and larger urban areas. (
  • Egypt has experienced considerable socioeconomic factors for global mortality from cardiovascular disease change with increasing urbanization in the past 60 with their relative contribution are high blood pressure years and migration to urban areas, especially to Cairo, (12.8%), tobacco use (8.7%), high blood glucose (5.8%), the capital city. (
  • With a survey, we want to get estimates for various variables like poverty, living conditions, or employment at various domain-levels, for example for states, counties, and school districts. (
  • A brief recession in 2001 led to an increase in poverty, with the most recent estimates indicating that just over 12 percent of the American population was poor in 2002. (
  • Poverty estimates for 2002 indicate that, in the South, 17.5 percent of nonmetro residents were poor compared with 14.2 percent of all nonmetro residents. (
  • As part of the PSE UK team's commitment to encouraging public engagement, stimulating debate and informing policy, the team sought to develop new approaches to engaging with grassroots lobbying groups, community practitioners and people directly affected by poverty and social exclusion. (
  • As for the age profile of the poor in the North and East, the study points out that about 47 per cent of people living in poverty come under the group of below 25 years, compared to 40 per cent in other Provinces. (
  • Such measures can actually cause further harm to the people living in poverty because of local pollution or large-scale displacement or by creating an institutional environment that excludes the poor from acquiring quality energy services. (
  • Apart from such direct negative impacts of many governments' energy policies, the adverse effects of existing patterns of energy use on nutrition, health and productivity are likely to ensure that even the benefits of economic growth would be absorbed only very slowly by people living in poverty. (
  • Large conventional power projects, especially coal and hydropower, are associated with numerous environmental problems, and often people living in poverty are the most affected. (
  • Programs that receive funding will complement the work of the Governor's Rochester Anti-Poverty Task Force by increasing access to critical services for individuals in need, including child care, health care, job training and youth mentoring, as well as promoting quality education, anti-hunger and anti-homelessness efforts throughout Monroe County. (
  • Heifer believes livestock has a really important role to play in ending global hunger and poverty. (
  • Some basic needs are fundamental for a life free from hunger and poverty. (
  • We are bringing the energy and resources of AmeriCorps to these communities to help tackle severe challenges like childhood poverty and extreme poverty, and to lend a hand to our fellow New Yorkers as they climb out of poverty and create more opportunities for themselves and their families. (
  • It is time for political parties to show leadership and tell people about the need to tackle extreme poverty, both at home and abroad. (
  • So what happens at diverse, high-poverty schools like Lincoln matters a lot for the future of the country. (
  • The city with the highest rates of children living in areas of concentrated poverty is Detroit at 67 percent, followed by Cleveland and Miami. (
  • Such a measure also could help ensure more consistent investment in areas with current poverty rates of at least 20 percent. (
  • As you can see, many areas, especially those with lower test scores and graduation rates, receive anywhere from 10-33 percent less spending on students compared to the U.S. average. (
  • Within all racial/ethnic groups, COVID-19 mortality rates were greatest in the highest-poverty quartile and lowest in the lowest-poverty quartile. (
  • For young people in the highest-poverty quartile, the non-Hispanic white and Black mortality rates were similar. (
  • Among younger people in the lowest-poverty quartile, non-Hispanic Black and Hispanic/Latinx people had mortality rates nearly three times that of non-Hispanic whites. (
  • A new Office for National Statistics release has compared the Covid-19 death rates in England and also in Wales finds that the mortality rate in the most deprived areas is around twice as high as in the least deprived areas. (
  • Skid row areas are often characterized by high crime rates and poverty, and in America's "throw away society," the people living in these areas are treated as expendable. (
  • Even with similar patterns of change in poverty rates over time, a metro-nonmetro gap in poverty rates persists. (
  • These areas also have excessively high rates of children under 18 living in poverty (30% in Chautauqua County). (
  • The Salvation Army of Lansing Capital Area provides a variety of programs to help individuals and families in Eaton, Clinton, and Ingham counties facing emergency and crisis situations. (
  • The Economic Development Administration and USDA differed on whether some counties had persistent poverty. (
  • We are the largest distributing food bank in Alabama, with a service area of 35 counties. (
  • It said that if the international community seriously wants to end poverty by 2030, it needs to take into account risk management. (
  • The UN adopted 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development in 2015 and USAID, country's premier aid agency, presented a 'Vision for Ending Extreme Poverty. (
  • Here we show that a multi-faceted intervention can open pathways out of extreme poverty by relaxing capital and psychosocial constraints. (
  • Poverty is the world's greatest killer and the major cause of ill-health and suffering.3 The ill-health bred by poverty further leads to work absenteeism, reduced productivity and diminished earnings. (
  • The maps below demonstrate education outcomes for students who attend schools in areas of poverty. (
  • Risk factors for infection include poverty, low education levels, and dog ownership. (
  • Parents in the area are not valuing education. (
  • Poverty reduction and the World Bank : progress in fiscal 1994. (
  • Understanding differences in poverty between nonmetro and metro areas of the U.S. is important to understanding differences in well-being across these areas and can help inform the policy dialogue on poverty reduction strategies. (
  • The mortality rate for younger non-Hispanic whites in the highest-poverty quartile was 13.5 times that of younger non-Hispanic whites in the lowest-poverty quartile (95% CI: 8.5, 21.4). (
  • For too long Disney has gotten away with paying wages that keep workers under the poverty line in Central Florida, and force wages down across the entire region. (
  • Negotiations with Disney in Orlando began in the summer, and have gone on with no wage offer significant enough to bring all Disney workers above the poverty line. (
  • If one were to apply the international poverty line of $2.5 per day, the figures in these three districts are 74.4 per cent, 60.9 per cent and 57.2 per cent respectively. (
  • Not according to the Congressional Budget Office, which says that it would push a much more modest 900,000 people above the poverty line, at the cost of about 500,000 jobs. (
  • The subsidies apply to people making less than 400% of the poverty line, and could reduce costs to zero for some consumers who pick bronze plans. (
  • AREAS with a high concentration of gold miners have the highest number of child marriages and teenage pregnancies in Zimbabwe, a new research has revealed. (
  • TechnoServe is a nonprofit that takes a business approach to reduce poverty. (
  • Economic growth (with redistribution) is the primary means by which countries reduce poverty. (
  • Patricia Cole, the director of government relations for Zero To Three, an organization that advocates for policies that benefit young children and their families, said that neighborhood poverty is "of great concern" and could affect the country's future workforce. (
  • This present study, however, seeks to expand upon this previous research by also applying the spatial mismatch theory to the question of the suburbanization of poverty. (
  • This study seeks to examine the possible application of the spatial mismatch theory to the suburbanization of poverty. (
  • Cancer risk from air toxics in relation to neighborhood isolation and sociodemographic characteristics: a spatial analysis of the St. Louis metropolitan area, USA. (
  • We investigated the spatial distribution of carcinogenic air toxics in the St. Louis metropolitan area and tested the hypothesis that neighborhood isolation and sociodemographic characteristics are associated with exposure to carcinogenic air toxics. (