City, urban, rural, or suburban areas which are characterized by severe economic deprivation and by accompanying physical and social decay.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
Revenues or receipts accruing from business enterprise, labor, or invested capital.
Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.
Size and composition of the family.
Variation in rates of disease occurrence and disabilities between population groups defined by socioeconomic characteristics such as age, ethnicity, economic resources, or gender and populations identified geographically or similar measures.
Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of the child.
A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.
Enumerations of populations usually recording identities of all persons in every place of residence with age or date of birth, sex, occupation, national origin, language, marital status, income, relation to head of household, information on the dwelling place, education, literacy, health-related data (e.g., permanent disability), etc. The census or "numbering of the people" is mentioned several times in the Old Testament. Among the Romans, censuses were intimately connected with the enumeration of troops before and after battle and probably a military necessity. (From Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 3d ed; Garrison, An Introduction to the History of Medicine, 4th ed, p66, p119)
The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.
The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.
Groups of persons whose range of options is severely limited, who are frequently subjected to COERCION in their DECISION MAKING, or who may be compromised in their ability to give INFORMED CONSENT.
Financial assistance to impoverished persons for the essentials of living through federal, state or local government programs.
The production and movement of food items from point of origin to use or consumption.
Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.
The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.
Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the black groups of Africa.
Organized institutions which provide services to ameliorate conditions of need or social pathology in the community.
The state of society as it exists or in flux. While it usually refers to society as a whole in a specified geographical or political region, it is applicable also to restricted strata of a society.
An interactive process whereby members of a community are concerned for the equality and rights of all.
The science of utilization, distribution, and consumption of services and materials.
The status of health in urban populations.
Diseases that are underfunded and have low name recognition but are major burdens in less developed countries. The World Health Organization has designated six tropical infectious diseases as being neglected in industrialized countries that are endemic in many developing countries (HELMINTHIASIS; LEPROSY; LYMPHATIC FILARIASIS; ONCHOCERCIASIS; SCHISTOSOMIASIS; and TRACHOMA).
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.
The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.
Differences in access to or availability of medical facilities and services.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Europe.
Payment by individuals or their family for health care services which are not covered by a third-party payer, either insurance or medical assistance.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.
An international organization whose members include most of the sovereign nations of the world with headquarters in New York City. The primary objectives of the organization are to maintain peace and security and to achieve international cooperation in solving international economic, social, cultural, or humanitarian problems.
A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions.
An acute or prolonged illness usually considered to be life-threatening or with the threat of serious residual disability. Treatment may be radical and is frequently costly.
A method of analyzing the variation in utilization of health care in small geographic or demographic areas. It often studies, for example, the usage rates for a given service or procedure in several small areas, documenting the variation among the areas. By comparing high- and low-use areas, the analysis attempts to determine whether there is a pattern to such use and to identify variables that are associated with and contribute to the variation.
Persons living in the United States of Mexican (MEXICAN AMERICANS), Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, or other Spanish culture or origin. The concept does not include Brazilian Americans or Portuguese Americans.
Groups of individuals whose putative ancestry is from native continental populations based on similarities in physical appearance.
The aggregate of social and cultural institutions, forms, patterns, and processes that influence the life of an individual or community.
A voluntary contract between two or more dentists who may or may not share responsibility for the care of patients, with proportional sharing of profits and losses.
The amounts spent by individuals, groups, nations, or private or public organizations for total health care and/or its various components. These amounts may or may not be equivalent to the actual costs (HEALTH CARE COSTS) and may or may not be shared among the patient, insurers, and/or employers.
A group of people with a common cultural heritage that sets them apart from others in a variety of social relationships.
Living facilities for humans.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
A social science dealing with group relationships, patterns of collective behavior, and social organization.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Individuals or groups with no or inadequate health insurance coverage. Those falling into this category usually comprise three primary groups: the medically indigent (MEDICAL INDIGENCY); those whose clinical condition makes them medically uninsurable; and the working uninsured.
A severe gangrenous process occurring predominantly in debilitated and malnourished children, especially in underdeveloped countries. It typically begins as a small vesicle or ulcer on the gingiva that rapidly becomes necrotic and spreads to produce extensive destruction of the buccal and labial mucosa and tissues of the face, which may result in severe disfigurement and even death. Various bacteria have been implicated in the etiology. (Dorland, 27th ed)
All of Africa except Northern Africa (AFRICA, NORTHERN).
The study of the social determinants and social effects of health and disease, and of the social structure of medical institutions or professions.
The legal relation between an entity (individual, group, corporation, or-profit, secular, government) and an object. The object may be corporeal, such as equipment, or completely a creature of law, such as a patent; it may be movable, such as an animal, or immovable, such as a building.
An infant during the first month after birth.
The status of health in rural populations.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
The absence of certain expected and acceptable cultural phenomena in the environment which results in the failure of the individual to communicate and respond in the most appropriate manner within the context of society. Language acquisition and language use are commonly used in assessing this concept.
The Christian faith, practice, or system of the Catholic Church, specifically the Roman Catholic, the Christian church that is characterized by a hierarchic structure of bishops and priests in which doctrinal and disciplinary authority are dependent upon apostolic succession, with the pope as head of the episcopal college. (From Webster, 3d ed; American Heritage Dictionary, 2d college ed)
The measurement of the health status for a given population using a variety of indices, including morbidity, mortality, and available health resources.
The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.
Insurance providing coverage of medical, surgical, or hospital care in general or for which there is no specific heading.
Continuous sequential changes which occur in the physiological and psychological functions during the life-time of an individual.
Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.
The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)
Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.
Situations affecting a significant number of people, that are believed to be sources of difficulty or threaten the stability of the community, and that require programs of amelioration.
The protection, preservation, restoration, and rational use of all resources in the total environment.
The state of being engaged in an activity or service for wages or salary.
Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.
The state of not being engaged in a gainful occupation.
A republic in eastern Africa, south of ETHIOPIA, west of SOMALIA with TANZANIA to its south, and coastline on the Indian Ocean. Its capital is Nairobi.
Planning that has the goals of improving health, improving accessibility to health services, and promoting efficiency in the provision of services and resources on a comprehensive basis for a whole community. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988, p299)
Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.
Female parents, human or animal.
Acquisition of knowledge as a result of instruction in a formal course of study.
Biological adaptation, such as the rise of EPINEPHRINE in response to exercise, stress or perceived danger, followed by a fall of epinephrine during RELAXATION. Allostasis is the achievement of stability by turning on and turning off the allostatic systems including the IMMUNE SYSTEM; the AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYSTEM and NEUROENDOCRINE SYSTEMS.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Africa.
An imbalanced nutritional status resulted from insufficient intake of nutrients to meet normal physiological requirement.
Organized services to provide health care for children.
Healthy People Programs are a set of health objectives to be used by governments, communities, professional organizations, and others to help develop programs to improve health. It builds on initiatives pursued over the past two decades beginning with the 1979 Surgeon General's Report, Healthy People, Healthy People 2000: National Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Objectives, and Healthy People 2010. These established national health objectives and served as the basis for the development of state and community plans. These are administered by the Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (ODPHP). Similar programs are conducted by other national governments.

Paediatric home care in Tower Hamlets: a working partnership with parents. (1/1136)

OBJECTIVES: To describe the first two years of a paediatric home care service. DESIGN: Observational cross sectional study, 1989-91. SETTING: One inner London health district. PATIENTS: 611 children referred to the service; 50 children selected from those referred during the first year, whose parents were interviewed and whose general practitioners were invited to complete a questionnaire. MAIN MEASURES: Description and costs of service; views of parents and general practitioners of selected sample of children. RESULTS: In its second year the team received 303 referrals and made 4004 visits at a salary cost of 98000 pounds, an average of 323 pounds/referral and 24 pounds/visit. This represented a referral rate of 3.2% (258/7939) of inpatient episodes from the main referring hospital between 1 December 1989 and 30 November 1990. Of all referrals to the service, 343(56%) came from hospital inpatient wards. The service was used by disadvantaged and ethnic minority families. The children's parents (in 28(61%) families) and the home care team did a wide range of nursing tasks in the home. Parents of 47(94%) children sampled agreed to be interviewed, and those of 43(91%) found the service useful; guidance and support were most commonly appreciated (33, 70%). Parents of 25(53%) children said that hospital stay or attendance had been reduced or avoided. Parents and general practitioners disagreed on clinical responsibility in 10 children, and communication was a problem for some general practitioners. CONCLUSIONS: The service enabled children to receive advanced nursing care at home. Clinical responsibility should be agreed between parents and professionals at referral.  (+info)

Tuberculosis in Bombay: new insights from poor urban patients. (2/1136)

This study explores the health seeking behaviour of poor male and female tuberculosis patients in Bombay, and examines their perceptions of the causes and effects of the disease on their personal lives. Sixteen patients who attended an NGO's tuberculosis clinic were interviewed in-depth. Almost equal numbers of respondents stated 'germs' and 'worry' as the cause of tuberculosis. Men worried about loss of wages, financial difficulties, reduced capacity for work, poor job performance, and the consequences of long absence from work. Women were concerned about rejection by husband, harassment by in-laws, and the reduced chances of marriage (for single women), in addition to their concerns about dismissal from work. During the first two months of symptoms most patients either did nothing or took home remedies. When symptoms continued, private practitioners were the first source of allopathic treatment; they were generally unable to correctly diagnose the disease. Respondents shifted to municipal and NGO health services when private treatment became unaffordable. Respondents shifted again to NGO-based services because of the poor quality of municipal tuberculosis control services. The wage-earning capacity of both men and women was affected, but women feared loss of employment whereas men, being self-employed, lost wages but not employment. Married men and single women perceived a greater level of family support to initiate and complete treatment. Married women tried, often unsuccessfully, to hide their disease condition for fear of desertion, rejection or blame for bringing the disease. Women dropped out from treatment because of the pressure of housework, and the strain of keeping their condition secret particularly when the reasons for their movements outside the home were routinely questioned. Health programmes will have to be sensitive to the different needs and concerns of urban men and women with tuberculosis; in the case of women, health care providers will have to make particular efforts to identify and treat married women with tuberculosis completely.  (+info)

Childhood immunization coverage in zone 3 of Dhaka City: the challenge of reaching impoverished households in urban Bangladesh. (3/1136)

A household survey of 651 children aged 12-23 months in Zone 3 of Dhaka City carried out in 1995 revealed that 51% of them had fully completed the series of childhood immunizations. Immunization coverage in slum households was only half that in non-slum households. Apart from residence in a slum household, other characteristics strongly associated with the completion of the entire series of childhood immunizations included the following: educational level of the mother, number of children in the family household, mother's employment status, distance from the nearest immunization site, and number of home visits from family-planning field workers. The findings point to the need to improve childhood immunization promotion and service delivery among slum populations. Two promising strategies for improving coverage are to reduce the number of missed opportunities for immunization promotion during encounters between health workers and clients, and to identify through visits to households those children who need additional immunizations. In the long run, increasing the educational level of women will provide a strong stimulus for improving childhood immunization coverage in the population.  (+info)

Geographical and socioeconomic variation in the prevalence of asthma symptoms in English and Scottish children. (4/1136)

BACKGROUND: There has been controversy over the relation between poverty and asthma in the community. The aim of this analysis was to disentangle geographical and socioeconomic variation in asthma symptoms. METHODS: The analysis is based on parental reports of symptoms from data collected in 1990 and 1991. Children aged 5-11 years from three populations (English representative sample, Scottish representative sample, and an English inner city sample) were included. Of 17 677 eligible children, between 14 490 (82.0%) and 15 562 (88.0%) children were available for analysis according to symptom group. RESULTS: Wheezy symptoms were less prevalent in the Scottish sample than in the English samples and asthma attacks were most prevalent in the English representative sample. Asthma attacks were less prevalent in inner city areas than in the English representative sample (OR 0.79, 95% CI 0.66 to 0.95), but persistent wheeze and other respiratory symptoms were more prevalent (OR 1.95, 95% CI 1.65 to 2.32 and OR 1.67, 95% CI 1.52 to 1.84, respectively). The prevalence of persistent wheeze was higher in children whose father's social class was low and in those living in areas with a high Townsend score (an index of poverty) than in other children (p<0.001). Of the 14 areas with the highest Townsend score, 13 had an OR above 1 and six had an OR significantly higher than the reference area. CONCLUSIONS: Persistent wheeze is more prevalent in poor areas than in less deprived areas. This may indicate that poverty is associated with severe asthma or that a high percentage of persistent asthma symptoms in inner city areas are unrecognised and untreated.  (+info)

Longitudinal study of Cryptosporidium infection in children in northeastern Brazil. (5/1136)

A prospective, 4-year cohort study of children born in an urban slum in northeastern Brazil was undertaken to elucidate the epidemiology of Cryptosporidium infection in an endemic setting, describe factors associated with Cryptosporidium-associated persistent diarrhea, and clarify the importance of copathogens in symptomatic cryptosporidiosis. A total of 1476 episodes of diarrhea, accounting for 7581 days of illness (5.25 episodes/child-year), were recorded: of these, 102 episodes (6.9%) were persistent. Cryptosporidium oocysts were identified in 7.4% of all stools, and they were found more frequently in children with persistent diarrhea (16.5%) than in those with acute (8.4%) or no (4.0%) diarrhea (P<.001). Low-birth-weight children and those living in densely crowded subdivisions were at greater risk for symptomatic infection. Disease course was highly variable and was not associated with the presence of copathogens. Recurrent Cryptosporidium infection and relapsing diarrhea associated with it were moderately common. In light of these data, the applicability of the current World Health Organization diarrheal definitions to Cryptosporidium-associated diarrheal episodes may need to be reconsidered.  (+info)

Poverty, time, and place: variation in excess mortality across selected US populations, 1980-1990. (6/1136)

STUDY OBJECTIVE: To describe variation in levels and causes of excess mortality and temporal mortality change among young and middle aged adults in a regionally diverse set of poor local populations in the USA. DESIGN: Using standard demographic techniques, death certificate and census data were analysed to make sex specific population level estimates of 1980 and 1990 death rates for residents of selected areas of concentrated poverty. For comparison, data for whites and blacks nationwide were analysed. SETTING: African American communities in Harlem, Central City Detroit, Chicago's south side, the Louisiana Delta, the Black Belt region of Alabama, and Eastern North Carolina. Non-Hispanic white communities in Cleveland, Detroit, Appalachian Kentucky, South Central Louisiana, Northeastern Alabama, and Western North Carolina. PARTICIPANTS: All black residents or all white residents of each specific community and in the nation, 1979-1981 and 1989-1991. MAIN RESULTS: Substantial variability exists in levels, trends, and causes of excess mortality in poor populations across localities. African American residents of urban/northern communities suffer extremely high and growing rates of excess mortality. Rural residents exhibit an important mortality advantage that widens over the decade. Homicide deaths contribute little to the rise in excess mortality, nor do AIDS deaths contribute outside of specific localities. Deaths attributable to circulatory disease are the leading cause of excess mortality in most locations. CONCLUSIONS: Important differences exist among persistently impoverished populations in the degree to which their poverty translates into excess mortality. Social epidemiological inquiry and health promotion initiatives should be attentive to local conditions. The severely disadvantageous mortality profiles experienced by urban African Americans relative to the rural poor and to national averages call for understanding.  (+info)

Inequalities in low birth weight: parental social class, area deprivation, and "lone mother" status. (7/1136)

OBJECTIVE: To describe the extent of socioeconomic inequalities in low birth weight. To assess the relative benefits of measuring socioeconomic status by individual occupation, socioeconomic deprivation status of area of residence, or both, for describing inequalities and targeting resources. DESIGN: Analysis of birth registrations by registration status: joint compared with sole registrants ("lone mothers"), routinely recorded parental occupation (father's for joint registrants), and census derived enumeration district (ED) deprivation. SETTING: England and Wales, 1986-92. SUBJECTS: 471,411 births with coded parental occupation (random 10% sample) and birth weight. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Proportion of low birth weight (< 2500 g) RESULTS: 34% of births to joint registrants in social classes IV and V, and 45% of births to sole registrants, were in the quintile of most deprived EDs. It was found that 6.8% of births were of low birth weight. Sole registrants were at higher risk (9.3% overall) than joint registrants, across all deprivation quintiles. For joint registrants, the socioeconomic risk gradient was similar by social class or area deprivation, but a greater gradient from 4.7% to 8.7% was found with combined classification. CONCLUSIONS: Up to 30% of low birth weight can be seen as being associated with levels of socioeconomic deprivation below that of the most affluent group, as measured in this study. Caution is needed when targeting interventions to high risk groups when using single indicators. For example, the majority of births to lone mothers and to joint registrants in social classes IV and V would be missed by targeting the most deprived quintile. There is a high degree of inequality in low birth weight according to social class, area deprivation and lone mother status. When using routinely recorded birth and census data, all three factors are important to show the true extent of inequalities.  (+info)

Prevalence and immune response to Entamoeba histolytica infection in preschool children in Bangladesh. (8/1136)

Entamoeba histolytica infection was present in 5% and E. dispar in 13% of asymptomatic 2-5-year-old children from an urban slum of Dhaka, Bangladesh. Entamoeba dispar-infected children were no more likely than uninfected children to have serum antibodies to lectin. In contrast, all children infected with E. histolytica had serum antibodies to lectin. This anti-lectin response included antibodies against the carbohydrate recognition domain, which have been demonstrated in animal models to confer passive protection from amebiasis. Antibodies to lectin persisted in the sera of 17 children with E. histolytica infection over one year of follow-up, during which time E. histolytica infection cleared without treatment in 15, and with anti-amebic medication in two. We conclude that half of the children in this population have serologic evidence of amebiasis by five years of age, and that an anti-lectin serum antibody response is associated with limitation of E. histolytica infection to the colon.  (+info)

Nutritional status particularly in relation to the possible risk of morbidity and mortality in children has long been recognised as a field of major concern. A cross-sectional study was undertaken with 1280 under five children in the urban slum community of Chetla, the field practice area of All India Institute of Hygiene & Public Health, Calcutta, during 1991 to identify their nutritional status. Wt/age being the most sensitive indicator was considered; and the children were graded using the Indian Academy of Pediatrics classification. It is evident from table 1, that more than half of the under five children were undernourished in the series, 27.7%, 16.8%, 5.3% and 1.8% being suffering from grade I, II, III and IV undernutrition respectively.
Urban slum populations in Africa continue to grow faster than national populations. Health strategies that focus on non-communicable diseases (NCD) in this segment of the population are generally lacking. We determined the prevalence of diabetes and associated cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors correlates in Kibera, Nairobis largest slum. Methods We conducted a population-based household survey utilising cluster sampling with probability proportional to size. Households were selected using a random walk method and consenting residents aged 18 years and above were recruited. The WHO STEPS instrument was administered. A random capillary blood sugar (RCBS) was obtained; known persons with diabetes and subjects with a RCBS ,11.1 had an 8 hours fasting blood sugar (FBS) drawn. Diabetes was defined as a RCBS of ≥ 11.1 mmol/l and a FBS of ≥ 7.0 mmol/l, or a prior diagnosis or receiving diabetes drug treatment. Results Out of 2061 enrolled; 50.9% were males, mean age was 33.4 years and 87% ...
Background and aims: India has a high burden of tobacco usage and its related morbidity and mortality. Almost 30% of the above 15 years of age of the Indian population use some forms of tobacco. Men usually use smoked tobacco, while women more likely use smokeless (chewed) tobacco. Tobacco usage has been identified as a risk factor for non-communicable diseases (NCDs) among slum dwellers in urban cities. This study explored the tobacco consumption patterns and its determinants in an urban slum community of New Mumbai. Methods: This was a cross-sectional descriptive study. Study methods included review of secondary literature and policy documents on tobacco control. Primary data were collected from the Turbhe slum community in New Mumbai using semi-structured interview schedules. Cluster sampling followed by simple random sampling technique was used to achieve the sample size of 300 households. Results: The prevalence of tobacco consumption in Turbhe slums was very high. Twenty five percent of tobacco
Weʼre raising money to Develop a programme providing free health care for a high risk vulnerable slum population in kampala, inspired by Charlies journey.. Support this JustGiving Crowdfunding Page.
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The growing slum population in the developing world is an increasing challenge for local health authorities. Little is known of the patterns of disease occurrence including treatment types offered in this population. The paper describes reported child mortality and its determinants, including the main diseases affecting children and treatments, in the slum population of Dhaka city, Bangladesh. 1500 households in three slum communities were included in a cross-sectional survey. Reported death rates in the households per 1000 children (0-107 months) within the last year from the interview were 20.5 for boys and 27.0 for girls. More girls than boys died in infancy (age < 12 months). The most frequent reported causes of deaths were tetanus in infancy and diarrhoea among children aged ≤ 12 months. Vaccination coverage (DPT, polio, measles and BCG) was 73% for children < 3 years of age. The results showed that gender difference in mortality may have been influenced by the patterns of treatment ...
FRIDAY, Sept. 6, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Growing up in a poor neighborhood significantly increases kids odds of becoming obese adults, and the risk is highest among teens, a new study says.. It found that children from poor neighborhoods had 31% higher odds for adult obesity, and the risk was much higher (29%) among 11- to 18-year-olds than for younger children (13%).. Growing up in a disadvantaged neighborhood sticks with you, and can have a negative impact on ones health through increasing ones chance of obesity in adulthood, said lead author Steven Alvarado, a professor of sociology at Cornell University in Ithaca, N.Y.. Disadvantaged neighborhoods were defined by seven factors, including median income and home values, and the percentage of residents who were living in poverty, unemployed or had earned bachelors degrees.. To account for other factors that can influence a childs obesity risk -- such as genes and their parents behaviors -- Alvarado compared siblings.. Siblings largely ...
Poverty gap at urban poverty line is the mean shortfall from the poverty line (counting the nonpoor as having zero shortfall) as a percentage of the national urban poverty line. This measure reflects the depth of poverty as well as its incidence.This page has the latest values, historical data, forecasts, charts, statistics, an economic calendar and news for Poverty gap at urban poverty line (%) in Cambodia.
Today, most of the slum areas in Nairobi are accessible because of the good job KeRRA is doing. National Government should continue supporting KeRRA in order to implement more road projects in our slums. Lastly, I am truly encouraging KeRRA staff to continue doing a good job and improving state of the roads in Nairobi slums ...
Published: 12th Feb 2020 £1.4m of funding has been secured to help engage local residents with regeneration plans in one of Liverpools most deprived areas. The University of Liverpools Heseltine Institute for Public Policy has secured funding from the UK Research and Innovation (UKRI) project, to develop a greater understanding of local issues and to empower residents to engage in the redesign of public services. The Heseltine Institute will invest the money into Clubmoor ward, an area of Liverpool with 15,000 residents and that is amongst the 5% most deprived areas in the UK. The institute will use this funding to work with the already established MyClubmoor project, by engaging 60 residents and 20 community researchers and delivering 6 citizen focus groups and 2 community workshops. This project is one of 53 others that have been selected by UKRI to target communities that would not normally engage in regeneration plans. Susan Jarvis, deputy director … (To read the full article, subscribe ...
Background: Cardiovascular primary prevention should be targeted at those with the highest global risk. However, it is unclear how best to identify such individuals from the general population. The aim of this study was to compare mass and targeted screening strategies in terms of effectiveness, cost effectiveness and coverage.. Methods: The Scottish Health Survey provided cross-sectional data on 3921 asymptomatic members of the general population aged 40-74 years. We undertook simulation models of five screening strategies: mass screening, targeted screening of deprived communities, targeted screening of family members and combinations of the latter two.. Results: To identify one individual at high risk of premature cardiovascular disease using mass screening required 16.0 people to be screened at a cost of £370. Screening deprived communities targeted 17% of the general population but identified 45% of those at high risk, and identified one high-risk individual for every 6.1 people screened ...
Does where you live influence your health? Yes, and maybe even more dramatically than you might expect. When a U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) offered a program in the 1990s to move families out of poor neighborhoods, it created a unique opportunity not only to improve peop...
Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, College of Health Sciences, University of Nairobi. OBJECTIVE: To determine the knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) of mothers and the knowledge of health workers regarding care of the newborn umbilical cord. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SUBJECTS: Mothers with infants less than three months of age attending well child clinics and health workers (HW) in the clinics, maternity and newborn units of public health, facilities serving an urban slum area in Nairobi, Kenya. RESULTS: Of the 307 mothers interviewed, 91% and 28% of mothers knew of the need for hygiene whilst cutting and tying the cord, respectively. Regarding postnatal cord care, 40% had good knowledge and 66% good practice. Fifty-one percent of mothers knew and 54% practised postnatal cord care for the appropriate duration of time. Seventy-nine percent of mothers were afraid of handling an unhealed cord. After multivariate analysis, the following variables showed significant independent ...
Whats been touted by many as a climate win could in reality cause undue toxic burden for poor communities, communities of color
Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, College of Health Sciences, University of Nairobi. OBJECTIVE: To determine the knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) of mothers and the knowledge of health workers regarding care of the newborn umbilical cord. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SUBJECTS: Mothers with infants less than three months of age attending well child clinics and health workers (HW) in the clinics, maternity and newborn units of public health, facilities serving an urban slum area in Nairobi, Kenya. RESULTS: Of the 307 mothers interviewed, 91% and 28% of mothers knew of the need for hygiene whilst cutting and tying the cord, respectively. Regarding postnatal cord care, 40% had good knowledge and 66% good practice. Fifty-one percent of mothers knew and 54% practised postnatal cord care for the appropriate duration of time. Seventy-nine percent of mothers were afraid of handling an unhealed cord. After multivariate analysis, the following variables showed significant independent ...
Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, College of Health Sciences, University of Nairobi. OBJECTIVE: To determine the knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) of mothers and the knowledge of health workers regarding care of the newborn umbilical cord. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SUBJECTS: Mothers with infants less than three months of age attending well child clinics and health workers (HW) in the clinics, maternity and newborn units of public health, facilities serving an urban slum area in Nairobi, Kenya. RESULTS: Of the 307 mothers interviewed, 91% and 28% of mothers knew of the need for hygiene whilst cutting and tying the cord, respectively. Regarding postnatal cord care, 40% had good knowledge and 66% good practice. Fifty-one percent of mothers knew and 54% practised postnatal cord care for the appropriate duration of time. Seventy-nine percent of mothers were afraid of handling an unhealed cord. After multivariate analysis, the following variables showed significant independent ...
How high urban housing costs and income inequality have exacerbated urban poverty. A few years ago, on a drive from New York to Washington, I turned off I-95 in Baltimore to see H.L. Menckens home. Abandoned row houses lined the street, some boarded up with plywood, others simply gutted. Signs offering fast cash for houses and a number to call for unwanted cars outnumbered pedestrians. It was a landscape of rot and neglect with few signs of renewal and investment.. Writers have expended vast amounts of ink about the recent resurgence of cities, yet pockets of great poverty like West Baltimore have proven disturbingly resilient. Maryland has one of the nations lowest poverty rates, but is one of eight states where 70 percent of the poor are concentrated in one city. In most of the citys schools, close to 50 percent of students qualify for federally assisted meals.. Looking at data from the 2006 US Census American Community Survey, many urban cities have poverty rates that far exceed the ...
Policing Urban Poverty demonstrates that, since the nineteenth century, a core task of the police has been crime control and order maintenance, especially in poor communities. This illuminating book f
We have given series of warnings to ward and community heads to follow due process before allocating land but you still find people building indiscriminately.. A lot of houses are built without consideration; and that is why it has become difficult for the people of such areas to feel the impact of government.. Government cannot construct roads or provide water where people have built structures without following proper town planning regulations.. We advise residents to adhere to urban planning rule to enable government make available those facilities that are lacking in these slum areas, she said.. The general manager noted that most of the slums sprang up on government-owned land sold illegally.. This problem has been a persistent one; people living in these slum areas believe it is their ancestral land and development is going faster than our ability to control. ...
DHAKA, 23 June 2010 - Urban slums have the worst performance regarding womens and childrens wellbeing and access to basic services compared to...
This data shows anonymized questionnaire responses from women to examine the relationship between protective factors and common mental disorders in an urban slum setting
With the growing urban populations, especially in slums, the sustainable development of major Kenyan cities and their basic facilities have become a priority for the country.
Mayor of London Sadiq Khan proposes to introduce the planned ultra low emission zone (ULEZ) in 2019, a year ahead of schedule.. He has launched a new consultation which also includes plans to extend the ULEZ to the north and south circular roads in the same year and more details on the introduction of a charge for old polluting vehicles from October 2017.. New research shows people living in Londons most deprived communities, often by busy roads, are on average exposed to 25% higher levels of harmful NO2 pollution.. The proposals are part of the mayors second air quality consultation.. ...
POWERMYLEARNING, a K-12 nonprofit that helps bring personalized learning programs to high-poverty schools in the U.S., has received $6.5 million ...
Novartis annual program supports independent eye care initiatives worldwide via grant funding in some of the worlds most remote areas and deprived communities.
Patients in California hospitals were more likely to die within 60 days of being diagnosed with acute myeloid leukemia – a cancer of the blood and bone marrow – if they were unmarried, lived in a less-affluent neighborhood or lacked health insurance. The UC Davis study also found that patients treated at a National Cancer Institute (NCI)-designated cancer center were more likely to survive.
Patients in California hospitals were more likely to die within 60 days of being diagnosed with acute myeloid leukemia – a cancer of the blood and bone marrow – if they were unmarried, lived in a less-affluent neighborhood or lacked health insurance. The UC Davis study also found that patients treated at a National Cancer Institute (NCI)-designated cancer center were more likely to survive.
Inspector admitted to hospital with head injury; Cidco conducts drive in Kopar Khairane to cordon off its plot and keep encroachers out.
A new study has found that people tend to gain weight if they relocate to a more socioeconomically deprived neighborhood. Since certain regions in the United
Rates of diabetes and severe obesity are about one-fifth lower in the women who moved to a lower poverty area than in those who did not.
Two new studies say that poor neighborhoods have a wider variety of food choices than do more affluent ones, and found no relationship between the type of food being sold and obesity.
Photo conditions of use: KHPT does not grant permission to any organization, institute or individual for use of the photographs for any commercial or non-commercial or educational purposes for ethical and confidentiality reasons. ...
Photo conditions of use: KHPT does not grant permission to any organization, institute or individual for use of the photographs for any commercial or non-commercial or educational purposes for ethical and confidentiality reasons. ...
Newport News, VA New www.Nano-Cacao.com Website Created by G3-Development will Equip Local Residents with 99% Premium NanoCacao Oils from Meso America
Downloadable! Comparisons of poverty - indicating where or when poverty is greatest, for example - typically matter far more to policy choices than aggregate poverty measures, such as how many people are deemedpoor.So the authors examine how measurement practices affect empirical poverty profiles. They discuss the pros and cons of alternative approaches to developing a poverty profile and use those approaches on the same data set. In Indonesia, as in many countries, past methods of building poverty profiles have used the food-energy-intake method, defining the poverty line as the normal consumption spending at which a person typically attains a predetermined food-energy-intake in each subgroup. The authors argue that his method can yield differences in poverty lines (between urban and rural areas, for example) that exceed the cost-of-living differences the poor face. So, that method can mislead policy choices aimed at reducing absolute poverty. For comparison, they explore a cost-of-basic-needs
Urban areas in the Global South now house most of the worlds urban population and are projected to house almost all its increase between now and 2030.
No, this isnt the first time the fashionable, First-Lady-approved theory has been debunked - see posts here, here, and here - but its gratifying to see the NYTs formidable Gina Kolata get front-page space for a thorough treatment. One study found poor neighborhoods had nearly twice as many supermarkets and large-scale grocers per square mile as wealthier ones; another found no relationship between what type of food students said they ate, what they weighed, and the type of food within a mile and a half of their homes. [Tyler Cowen, Jacob Sullum] And Katherine Mangu-Ward notes the juxtaposition of Kolatas piece with an opinion piece in the paper the very same day: Food Deserts Are Not Real. Also, We Can Fix Them.. Filed under: eat drink and be merry, New York Times, obesity. ...
Jacqueline Novogratz tells a moving story of an encounter in a Nairobi slum with Jane, a former prostitute, whose dreams of escaping poverty, of becoming a doctor and of getting married were fulfilled in an unexpected way.
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Hey guys! I took a bit of a break from personal work the past couple of weeks. Mostly I was watching Euro 2012, but now that that particular bladder-kicking contest is over I am back to work. I took a long weekend and managed to fit in some pieces here and there. Firstly, a little diorama of one particular slum area in the city of Dustrum. Ive not really done this kind of isometric cut-away before and it was really fun! Im going to do a couple more different parts of the city at some point ...
COPS: FACISTS OR HEROES?. In a climate of controversy about cops, I continue to write a series in which cops are quite human. Why?. The roots of my decision lie as far back as childhood in a poor neighborhood. Cops didnt show up in our area with less than two, and usually more. When my grandfather was murdered, no serious investigation ensued. Since that time, I have been harassed, beaten, and when I reported an attempted rape-sneered at by cops.. It wasnt until my early twenties that I actually had a civil conversation with a cop. Id broken my leg up on the hill where I farmed. Unfortunately, my vehicle-an old Volkswagen-chose that period of time to break down. A friend drove me to the hospital which was roughly thirty miles away then took me and my unwieldy cast home.. If youve ever farmed, or just had animals, you know that minor things like broken legs doesnt stop your responsibilities. Way too soon, my walking cast wore through and needed replacing. I hitched a ride with a neighbor to ...
24/7 Wall St: Poverty might mean different things in different parts of the world and to different people, but it is largely defined as being unable to afford a minimum standard of living. The United States has come a long way in addressing the problem, but progress seems to have slowed despite the recent years of economic recovery. In many ways, the problem has even escalated. Though the economy has added millions of jobs since the recession ended, many of the jobs created are not the same as jobs that were lost. In many areas, the problem of poverty has worsened during the recovery. Poverty is perhaps the most persistent of problems, with consequences that can span a lifetime, be transferred across generations, and loom in the minds of individuals and families living at the edge of poverty.. Click here to see how poverty is measured. ...
Chumbawamba - Poverty Knock Lyrics. Chumbawamba Miscellaneous Poverty Knock (Chorus) Poverty poverty knock, my loom is a saying all day Poverty poverty knock, gaffers too
Author:Beena H Patel, Kapil M Gandha, Hetal T Koringa, Jitesh P Mehta, Dipesh V Parmar, Sudha B Yadav. Keywords:Unmet need, contraception, family planning, reproductive health, Urban Slums. Type:Original Article. Full PDF Abstract ...
Author:Beena H Patel, Kapil M Gandha, Hetal T Koringa, Jitesh P Mehta, Dipesh V Parmar, Sudha B Yadav. Keywords:Unmet need, contraception, family planning, reproductive health, Urban Slums. Type:Original Article. Full PDF Abstract ...
Research Question: To what extent, the people get affected by poverty? Poverty & Inequality Introduction Poverty is a state or condition in which a...
Why are working families still locked in poverty? How can Universal Credit be reformed to unlock families from in-work poverty? How can better progression for part-time staff help right the wrong of in-work poverty? We look at areas such as wages, productivity, and benefits.
Why are working families still locked in poverty? How can Universal Credit be reformed to unlock families from in-work poverty? How can better progression for part-time staff help right the wrong of in-work poverty? We look at areas such as wages, productivity, and benefits.
STUDY OBJECTIVE--To assess whether small area measures of socioeconomic deprivation predict variation in individual smoking behaviour. To examine the adequacy of an individual level statistical model for the analysis of data on groups of individuals who live in the same geographical area. DESIGN--Individual level and two level logistic regression analysis of data on individual smoking from a regional health survey, and neighbourhood deprivation scores for 1991 census wards calculated from 1991 census data. SETTING--The North West Thames Regional Health Authority area. PARTICIPANTS--Random sample of 8,251 adults in North West Thames Regions. MAIN RESULTS--There was a highly significant association between being a smoker and the neighbourhood deprivation score of the area of residence. With the two level model, after allowing for age and sex, the estimated odds ratio of being a smoker for an individual in the highest quintile of deprivation compared with someone in the lowest quintile was 1.52 ...
Poverty gap at urban poverty line (%) in Albania was last measured at 2.90 in 2012, according to the World Bank. Poverty gap at urban poverty line is the mean shortfall from the poverty line (counting the nonpoor as having zero shortfall) as a percentage of the national urban poverty line. This measure reflects the depth of poverty as well as its incidence.This page has the latest values, historical data, forecasts, charts, statistics, an economic calendar and news for Poverty gap at urban poverty line (%) in Albania.
[Fuji Xerox (Japan)] Home | About Fuji Xerox | Sustainability Report 2015 | Helping to Educate Children in Disadvantaged Communities - [Sustainability Report introduces the challenges Fuji Xerox faces and the status of our performances grappling with these issues.]
CalEnviroScreen was designed by the California Environmental Protection Agency (CalEPA) to serve as a tool for identifying Californias most disadvantaged communities when prioritizing time, resources, and programs in those portions of the state that are most in need of assistance. However, the tool has long been criticized by disparate groups with widespread interests for its flaws in methodology. And while an update (CalEnviroScreen 3.0) was released late last year, the issue at hand remains unaddressed - and perhaps, worse. The latest version of the CalEnviroScreen tool continues to ignore Californias most disadvantaged communities, both rural and urban.. In total, 30 of Californias 58 counties do not have a single census tract identified in the top 25 percent scores of CalEnviroScreen - the methodology now used to consider applicants for Cap-and-Trade funding for disadvantaged communities. The use of CalEnviroScreen as a screening tool for grant solicitations and awards completely excludes ...
We found that practice level deprivation was associated with lower achievement for five out of 16 indicators in a local primary care pay-for-performance scheme. Deprivation-achievement gaps closed over time for one indicator but opened up for three others. Overall, the observed differences were modest. Almost all of the indicators we analysed involved cumulative registration of at-risk patient populations, so that we would have expected gaps to close over time once ceilings in achievement had been reached. For the most part, this did not occur. We also found that considerable scope for improvement still existed by the end of the scheme. For example, the final mean proportions of targeted patients with recorded alcohol use and offers of screening and recording of chlamydia test results were 55 and 6.2 % respectively. This is the first inequalities analysis of a local pay-for-performance scheme; our findings on achievement contrast with those of the national scheme [24]. We also found ...
Although outcome measures improved more in the FLNP group than in the control group, the results of this trial fail to show that FLNP improved parenting or child or parental well-being more than could be expected by chance and do not provide evidence that FLNP represents value for money. Three main reasons for these negative results warrant consideration. The first is that the FLNP may not be effective in changing parenting in a universal setting. It would appear that programmes like Triple P which focus primarily on behaviour management are effective in a universal setting and this may simply be a better approach. Triple P is a more costly programme than FLNP. It can be offered more intensively with five different levels of intervention for different levels of need, including universal media coverage, and well-resourced trials have been able to offer the programme in this way. FLNP is a stand-alone group-based programme which may work synergistically with other parenting interventions including ...
BACKGROUND: The Well London program used community engagement, complemented by changes to the physical and social neighborhood environment, to improve physical activity levels, healthy eating, and mental wellbeing in the most deprived communities in London. The effectiveness of Well London is being evaluated in a pair-matched cluster randomized trial (CRT). The baseline survey data are reported here. METHODS: The CRT involved 20 matched pairs of intervention and control communities (defined as UK census lower super output areas (LSOAs); ranked in the 11% most deprived LSOAs in London by the English Indices of Multiple Deprivation) across 20 London boroughs. The primary trial outcomes, sociodemographic information, and environmental neighbourhood characteristics were assessed in three quantitative components within the Well London CRT at baseline: a cross-sectional, interviewer-administered adult household survey; a self-completed, school-based adolescent questionnaire; a fieldworker completed ...
Selection of individual variables for any measure should be based on the theoretical fit with the concept we are interested in measuring, such as material deprivation, and on the particular context of a country. Most deprivation measures include domains relating to income, employment, socioeconomic status or class (often based on job type), education, housing and ownership of specific goods or items. Some measures also include domains relating to access to various services (schools, shops, doctors) or information on the environment (street lighting, crime rates).. There are strong theoretical grounds to include each of the listed domains in deprivation measures. For example, low-income and unemployment reflect deprivation as they limit material resources, while low levels of education disadvantage people in accessing many resources, such as better jobs or services. Sound theoretical mechanisms also connect these domains to health, for example, income curbs access to factors (eg, food, housing, ...
Book holiday rentals near Jamuna Future Park Dhaka City on Tripadvisor! View the Best 1 traveler reviews from properties near Jamuna Future Park in Dhaka City, Bangladesh
Background: The objective of this study was to analyse the association between area deprivation at municipality level and the prevalence of type 2 diabetes (T2D) and obesity across Germany, controlling for individual socioeconomic status (SES). Methods: The analyses are based on a large survey conducted in 2006. Information was included from 39,908 adults aged 20 years or above. Area deprivation was assessed using the German Index of Multiple Deprivation (GIMD) at municipality level. About 4,700 municipalities could be included and assigned to a deprivation quintile. Individual SES was assessed by income and educational level. Multilevel logistic models were used to control for individual SES and other potential confounders such as age, sex and physical activity. Results: We found a positive association of area deprivation with T2D and obesity. Controlling for all individual-level variables, the odds ratios for municipalities in the most deprived quintile were significantly increased for T2D (OR ...
Municipalities and public-minded organizations face a challenge in designing effective interventions to improve conditions in disadvantaged communities. Disadvantaged communities are subject to a set…
Downloadable! This paper uses the recent approach of multidimensional deprivation measures to provide a comprehensive and wide ranging assessment of changes to living standards in India during the period, 1992/93-2004/5.This covers the reforms and the immediate post reforms time periods. The study is based on the simultaneous use of two parallel data sets, namely the NSS and NFHS data sets covering proximate rounds and near identical time periods. The study is conducted both at regionally disaggregated levels and by socio economic groups. The deprivation dimensions range widely from the conventional expenditure dimensions to non expenditure dimensions such as access to drinking water and clean fuel, to health dimensions such as child stunting and the mother’s BMI. The use of decomposable deprivation measures allows the identification of regions, socio economic groups and deprivation dimensions that are contributing more than others to total deprivation.
When he was 7 years old, Guillermo Padilla landed in the hospital with appendicitis. While a frightening experience for any child, it was even more so for the young boy who spoke little English. His parents - Mexican immigrants who were determined that their son learn Spanish first - had to translate for him. That made an indelible impression on the youngster.
Youth volunteering initiatives are often promoted on the basis that participation will help young people make transitions in their lives. The UK-wide Millennium Volunteers initiative, for example, used the strapline MV for your CV while the Scottish Saltire Awards state volunteering look[s] great on your CV.. These individualistic approaches are characteristic of a broader trend encouraging young people to take control of their futures by acquiring experiences to ease transitions into education or employment. Approaching volunteering in this way, however, is argued to be more readily accessible by those from affluent backgrounds, thus potentially disadvantaging those with fewer resources.. This paper presents findings from my PhD research into young peoples attitudes and experiences of volunteering in areas of socio-economic deprivation. The paper draws on focus groups and semi-structured interviews with young volunteers, aged twelve to eighteen, and semi-structured interviews with ...
Nigeria is experiencing a serious and alarming rise in the levels of urban poverty when compared to rural poverty, so what are its characteristics? This study was carried out in Agege area of Lagos State to determine conditions under which the urban poor live in order to provide information, which will help the city and state administrators, develop more positive policies and actions towards the poor.. The paper finds that:. ...
In Nigeria, over 60 percent of the population lack access to modern health care facilities. Low access and effective utilisation even where available, are affected by inadequate health workforce, low quality of care, distance, and poor policy implementation. This research examines the nature of health care in emerging communities and urban slums of south west Nigeria. The study synthesises Giddens Structuration theory, Dahlgren and Whiteheads Social model of health, and Andersen and Newmans Framework of health service utilisation as its theoretical framework ...
This is one of the first surveys to collect data on socioeconomic background, mental and physical health and healthcare utilisation, and to combine these factors with distance to healthcare services. Spanning a wide geographical area in one of the most disadvantaged areas of England,13 findings from the survey identified several key risk factors of A&E attendance, including young age, depression, high education, non-employment, poor housing, as well as longer distance from a GP and shorter distance to an A&E service.. Considering the increase in A&E attendance across England,1 particularly in disadvantaged areas,3 it is important to understand the reasons behind this rise and to design strategies to reduce health inequalities. A&E attendance was significantly higher for 18 to 24 year olds, when controlling for other factors, which has been found in previous work,20 and may be due to heightened rates of accidents, trauma and alcohol-related attendances at A&E,21 or higher use of A&E for primary ...
Indicator 16 (Neighborhood Safety) provided parental views of the safety of their neighborhoods, showing major differences in the living situations of children of different racial backgrounds. While the prevalence of poverty in a neighborhood is not the only element that contributes to neighborhood safety and support for young children, it is a powerful indicator. Moreover, addressing conditions at a neighborhood level requires looking beyond individual service strategies to community-building ones.. Several analyses of high poverty or high child vulnerability census tracts have showed that the poorest census tracts also are the most diverse. In an analysis of all census tracts in the United States on ten indicators related to child-raising vulnerability, Village Building and School Readiness showed that tracts with six or more vulnerability factors were primarily populated by people of color (83 percent non-white and/or Hispanic), while those with no vulnerability factors were primarily white, ...
An automated machine that dispenses water for cash may be the solution to irregular supplies for 1.2 million people living in the Kenyan capitals slums, Nairobi City Water & Sewerage Company Ltd. said.
Sure Start local programmes (SSLPs) represent a large scale, area based effort by the government of the United Kingdom to enhance the health and development of children under 4 years and their families who live in socially deprived communities in England. These programmes aim to improve services and create new ones in small areas with average populations of just under 13 000 people, including about 700 children aged 0-3 years. The first SSLPs began in 1999, and a total of 524 existed by 2004. SSLPs are a unique approach to enhancing the life prospects of disadvantaged children, in that all children aged 0-3 years and their families living in a prescribed area are targets of intervention, and thus of evaluation of effectiveness.. Because of their local autonomy, SSLPs do not have a protocol to promote adherence to a prescribed model, as do other early interventions that are known to be effective.1-3 All SSLPs are expected, nevertheless, to provide core services of outreach or home visiting; ...
Preventing children from smoking is a public health priority. This study evaluated the effects of a sport-for-health smoking prevention programme (SmokeFree Sports) on smoking-related intentions and cognitions among primary school children from deprived communities. A non-randomised-controlled trial targeted 9-10 year old children from Merseyside, North-West England. 32 primary schools received a programme of sport-for-health activities over 7 months; 11 comparison schools followed usual routines. Data were collected pre-intervention (T0), and at 8 months (T1) and one year post-intervention (T2). Smoking-related intentions and cognitions were assessed using an online questionnaire. Intervention effects were analysed using multi-level modelling (school, student), adjusted for baseline values and potential confounders. Mixed-sex focus groups (n = 18) were conducted at T1. 961 children completed all assessments and were included in the final analyses. There were no significant differences between the two
Tanzania 2018 will be incredible. The team will work in the Maasai community at the foothills of Mt Meru, working towards community development and improvement in the new and fast growing city of Arusha. There are numerous options for the team to choose from - from working in school construction and helping out with the kids, to teaching English for employability in Arusha, to working on youth development schemes for the Maasai. The Swahili/English language barrier is significant in Arusha - primary schools for deprived children only speak Swahili, whilst secondary schools only speak in English. Support these desperate children from deprived communities - by not only offering them the fun and games of childhood, but also supporting their English learning in order that they can continue at school. Because education is so undeniably important. The youth development scheme is similarly invaluable - running community projects and initiatives to deter disadvantaged youth from pursuing a life of abuse ...
Slum communities surrounding Jinja in Eastern Uganda face a myriad of challenges. Located on the eastern bank of the Nile, around 20,000 people are crowded into eight slum areas.
At a White House event this morning, First Lady Michelle Obama highlighted an important new provision that allows schools in high-poverty areas to fight hunger by providing free breakfasts and...
David Cameron has resigned as Prime Minister after Britain voted to leave the European Union.. It followed a turbulent night with Remain campaigners quietly confident until the early hours when results from Newcastle and Sunderland showed better than expected returns for the Brexit camp.. A surprise victory for a Brexit in Swansea, which was expected to vote to Remain, did little to dampen concerns despite Scotland overwhelmingly backing staying in the Union.. Other votes in Wales began to show a trend towards a surprise Leave vote, particularly in deprived communities.. Big wins for David Camerons campaign in London and Oxford did little to allay fears that early predictions had been wrong, as the pound began to tank - down by 6% by around 1pm.. Leave passed the finishing post just after 6am, as it became clear that nothing could swing the vote back in favour of the Remain campaign.. With the Leave campaign securing 52 per cent of the vote, Mr Cameron addressed the nation in an emotional ...
Sen. Barack Obama visited one of the worlds worst slums Sunday, where he told residents he wants everyone in America to know about their plight.
January 2008. Addressing urban high-poverty school teacher attrition by addressing urban high-poverty school teacher retention: why effective teachers persevere. Recruiting and retaining quality teachers specific for high-poverty schools in urban areas is a national concern, especially in light of the No Child Left Behind federal legislation. The educational realities, detrimental effects of poverty, and human despair that often depress low-income communities can prove to be quite overpowering for many teachers new to the profession and significantly contribute to.... Author(s): Sueanne E. McKinney, Robert Q. Berry, Daniel L. Dickerson and Gloria Campbell-Whately ...
Ruth Lupton, in this valuable study, shows how government has attempted to regenerate deprived areas by examining what has happened in 12 of the most deprived neighbourhoods. She gives particular attention to the New Labour government which, in 1997, launched its National Strategy for Neighbourhood Renewal ...
Many studies in geography have demonstrated that results can vary according to scale and configuration of spatial units. However, implications of the MAUP-Modifiable Area Unit Problem-have received little attention in urban planning and policy studies. The first objective of this paper is to demonstrate how identification of poor areas (residential areas with 40% or more of low-income population) is sensitive to changes in scale. The second objective is to measure the completeness (to what degree targeting only poor areas is adequate to reach all the poor population of a metropolis) and the efficiency (to what degree the population benefitting from targeted interventions is poor) of area-based interventions. The methodology to identify poverty areas is based on three spatial levels of analysis: dissemination areas (DAs), census tracts (CTs) and districts, namely micro, meso and macro levels. Hierarchical linear models are used to analyze the variance partitioned between these levels. Results of ...
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Using cotinine validation to identify smokers, we estimate that 1046 of the 3475 women in the study population smoked during pregnancy, which is 25% higher than figures based on self reported smoking (839/3475). The projected true smoking prevalence for pregnant women in Scotland (after adjusting for area deprivation, maternal age, and self reported smoking) is 28%, notably higher than the 23% based on self reporting.2 Projected figures suggest that in Scotland each year more than 17% of pregnant smokers (n=2400) are not identified as such and are therefore not offered smoking cessation services.. There was a striking difference in smoking prevalence in pregnant women between area deprivation categories, reflecting that seen elsewhere.22 Nearly 40% of smokers in the least deprived areas (deprivation categories 1+2) did not report their smoking status compared with only 22% of smokers in the most deprived areas (categories 4+5). This possibly reflects a greater expectation in more affluent areas ...
Studies from sub-Saharan Africa have shown that a substantial proportion of patients diagnosed with HIV enter into HIV medical care late. However, data from low or middle-income countries outside Africa are scarce. In this study, we investigated risk factors associated with delayed entry into care stratified by gender in a large cohort study in India. 7701 patients were diagnosed with HIV and 5410 entered into care within three months of HIV diagnosis. Nearly 80% entered into care within a year, but most patients who did not enter into care within a year remained lost to follow up or died. Patient with risk factors related to having a low socio-economic status (poverty, being homeless, belonging to a disadvantaged community and illiteracy) were more likely to enter into care late. In addition, male gender and being asymptomatic at the moment of HIV infection were factors associated with delayed entry into care. Substantial gender differences were found. Younger age was found to be associated with
Mark Tully is the interim director of the Institute of Mental Health Sciences and a Professor of Public Health at Ulster University.. Prof Tullys research focuses on addressing population levels of physical inactivity and sedentary behaviour, which are major causes of poor physical and mental wellbeing. His research includes interventions targeting older adults and socio-economically disadvantaged communities. In addition, he is interested in the effects of changes in the built environment on behaviours. ...
Young people from fifteen deprived neighbourhoods have started working on local community projects designed to help them raise their ambitions, broaden ...
Teenage conception rates are an important social and health measure for local councils and decision makers. Historically, areas with high teenage conception rates have also had relatively high deprivation measures such as unemployment and child poverty. ONS has used a wide range of official statistics to help people explore the teenage conception rates and measures of deprivation in their area ...
Little research exists on the impact of behavior change interventions in disadvantaged communities. We conducted a prospective study to explore the effectiveness of motivational interviewing on physic
Neng is fourteen years old. She lives and works on Venus Alley, a lane in the notorious Jembatan Besi slum in Jakarta, Indonesia. Unlike other children her age, she rarely gets to see the sun.
TERI - The Energy and Resources Institute: not-for-profit, policy research organization - working in the fields of energy, environment and sustainable development
The objective of our site is to educate our audience consisting of young adults to the late 30s about the unsanitary living conditions in Indian slums. Currently, the living conditions in the slums are abominable; therefore, children are dying at a rapid rate. All generations are experiencing malnutrition and the slum-dwelling population has increased over the decades. We would like to illustrate to our readers how the slum-dwellers have been impacted, how the education system is not giving children the precious gift of learning they all deserve, the necessary support they need from their parents but do not receive, and the basic facilities to live a healthy life or live at all. With our presented information, we attached several links to organizations that are already volunteering to help the slums in India. We want to inspire people globally to aid and help cure the unsanitary conditions in Indian slums by educating them about the conditions and the life of a slum-dweller. ...
Co-Sponsor(s): Co-sponsored by West Coast Poverty Center. Contrary to the familiar urban-suburban narrative about poverty in the U.S., there are more poor persons living in the suburbs of American cities than in the cities themselves today. Poverty rates have increased dramatically in suburbs over the last 20 years, as has the concentration of poverty in suburbs. The rise of poverty in suburbs, however, has not coincided with a decrease of poverty in cities. In fact, poverty is more prevalent in cities today than in 1990.. Apart from its practical and demographic significance, the changing spatial distribution of poverty in metropolitan America creates new challenges for the delivery of antipoverty assistance and transform safety net politics. This book offers several important original insights into the interconnections between place, poverty, and the safety net in contemporary America using a unique combination of data from the Census Bureau, administrative data from state safety net programs, ...
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SafetyLit is produced by the SafetyLit Foundation in cooperation with San Diego State University and the World Health Organization.
Some people living in disadvantaged neighborhoods may be at increased risk of problem drinking - though much may depend on race and gender, according to a new study in the November issue of the Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs. Researchers found that of nearly 14,000 U.S. adults surveyed, those living in low-income neighborhoods [...]. ...
The police blitzes in this Olympic city’s biggest slums are meant to show the world that Rio is winning the fight against violent drug gangs that have ruled the shantytowns for decades. With this weekend’s occupation of the Rocinha slum, home to 100,000 people, authorities secured key areas near athletic events planned for the 2016 Games.
The percentage of public schools where more than three quarters of students are eligible for free or reduced price lunch - a key indicator of poverty - has increased in the past decade, and children at these schools are less likely to attend college or be taught by teachers with advanced degrees.
Indonesias recovery from the economic effects of the pandemic must focus on the sectors where the greatest number of workers have fallen into poverty, according to a researcher from the University of Indonesias Social and Economic Research Institute (LPEM UI).
How was it ?... well the climb to the top of the kilimajaro gets though and at the times you just want to give up but something I learned working among the slums in a country that is resistant to change that has no empathy what so ever for the slum dwellers where is more sabotages and setbacks on your way so much politics where the interests of the child is the least of the priority of those on the top , is that we cannot give up , because then you will not experience achievement . Your dreams will remain just that - dreams and the only way to turn them into reality is if we keep persevering .Climbing a trail that is very steep with a lot of stone scree requires a great physical and mental effort trust me easy done compared with what one was to endure on the daily basics to maximize the potential of the children and their parents ...
Founded in 1920, the NBER is a private, non-profit, non-partisan organization dedicated to conducting economic research and to disseminating research findings among academics, public policy makers, and business professionals.
Poverty and rural areas[edit]. Child marriage researcher Nicholas Syrett was quoted in a Frontline article: "Almost all the ... "This is a rural phenomenon and it is a phenomenon of poverty."[2] ... In many cases, minors in the US are married when they are under the age of sexual consent in their area (which ranges from 16 ... to 18).[8] In some areas minors cannot legally divorce, leave their spouse, or enter a shelter to escape abuse.[9][10] In 2001 ...
Areas of the country who were part of the American frontier for longer, and were therefore more influenced by the frontier ... Faced with mass poverty in the United States during the Great Depression, president Hoover advocated against the use of ... "Religion, hard work are just 2 areas where Americans and Europeans diverge". MarketWatch. Retrieved 2021-02-22. "Rugged ... Individualism and the Misunderstanding of American Inequality" (PDF). Confronting Poverty. 02/05/20. Retrieved 2021-02-22. ...
WSSCC's main areas of focus are large-scale sanitation and hygiene behaviour change programmes through the Global Sanitation ... "Women for water and sanitation declaration". Global Poverty Project. Retrieved 2015-12-30. "Who we are". WSSCC. Retrieved 30 ... Other focus areas include sustaining behaviour change as well as ensuring reliable and consistent monitoring, particularly of ... The GSF funds behaviour change activities to help large numbers of poor people in hard to reach areas attain safe sanitation ...
Rudd, Joy (1990). Studying Your Local Area: A Guide to Information Sources. Combat Poverty Agency. ISBN 9781871643855. "Louth ...
... of land area) - Data". "Permanent cropland (% of land area) - Data". "Tanzania. Poverty Report" (PDF). Tanzania production in ... "Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty lines (% of population) - Tanzania". data.worldbank.org. World Bank. Retrieved 21 ... "Poverty headcount ratio at $3.20 a day (2011 PPP) (% of population) - Tanzania". data.worldbank.org. World Bank. Retrieved 1 ... Paul Collier: Labour and Poverty in Rural Tanzania. Ujamaa and Rural Development in the United Republic of Tanzania. Oxford ...
In rural areas, this is once again due to factories located nearby. In urban areas on the other hand, China's water sanitation ... Often, this causes them not being able to fully reap the benefits of education, which can be a ticket out of poverty. One ... This shows the huge disparity between urban and rural areas. In 2002, Svedberg found that stunting rate in rural areas of China ... with rural areas at higher risk of sewage contamination. The lack of sanitation in multiple areas of China has affected many ...
"Census 2016 Sapmap Area: Local Electoral Area Drogheda". census.cso.ie. Retrieved 2018-04-17. "Census 2016 Sapmap Area: Local ... Combat Poverty Agency. ISBN 9781871643855. "Louth County Hall Millennium Centre". Planning Architecture Design Database Ireland ... "Census 2016 Sapmap Area: Local Electoral Area Ardee". census.cso.ie. Retrieved 2018-04-17. "Census 2016 Sapmap Area: Municipal ... "Census 2016 Sapmap Area: Municipal District Drogheda". census.cso.ie. Retrieved 2018-04-17. "Census 2016 Sapmap Area: Municipal ...
Combat Poverty Agency. ISBN 9781871643855. "Louth County Hall Millennium Centre". Planning Architecture Design Database Ireland ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Rudd, J. (1990). Studying Your Local Area: A Guide to Information Sources. ...
The area of Ballybeg is situated within the wider Kilbarry area. This area was reputedly home to a priory of the Knights ... Combat Poverty Agency) ; 07/04. ISBN 1905485506, 9781905485505 Andrew MacLaran; Andrew McLaran, Vanda Clayton and Paula Brudell ... The area consists of four council housing estates - Ballybeg, Priory Lawn, Clonard Park and Ardmore Park, and a private housing ... Many cities and large towns in Ireland have an area called Baile Beag (Small town) Baile Bocht (Poor town) i.e. 'Ballybock' in ...
"Poverty incidence (PI):". Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved December 28, 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link ... Said provinces and cities are situated along the Davao Gulf area. South Cotabato, Sarangani, General Santos City (SOCSARGEN) ...
This new design identified four major areas (concentrations) of study: Children, Youth and Families; Health and Mental Health; ... Poverty and Associated Problems; and Juvenile and Criminal Justice. Within each of these, students also selected a ... CRSP has identified seven major areas of race-related social problems: economic disparities; educational disparities; ... Areas of focus and certificate opportunities include: Integrated Health; Children, Youth, and Families; Gerontology; Home and ...
In these areas, the lontar palm provides timber and thatching as well as food in the form of fruits, and palm sugar which is ... Levels of poverty in the province compared with other parts are Indonesia are relatively high. In 2010, 23% of the population ... And in some areas, key facilities are absent; in mid-2014 it was reported that two districts (West Manggarai and East Manggarai ... The area of East Nusa Tenggara province included the western part of Timor island, Flores, Sumba and other several small ...
The statewide poverty rate was 13.6% in 2014. The 2012 childhood poverty rate by school district was: Albert Gallatin Area ... US Census Bureau (2015). "Poverty Rates by County Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates". Archived from the original on ... Albert Gallatin Area School District Belle Vernon Area School District (also in Westmoreland County) Brownsville Area School ... Connellsville Area School District 5 of its elementary schools on the list. Uniontown Area School District 2 schools: Lafayette ...
The term majority minority has been used to designate an area where a decline, of what are nationally-defined as whites, has ... In 2018 analysis, the Southern Poverty Law Center explored how right-wing extremism attempts to utilize the demographic decline ... "White Britons 'In Retreat' From Minority Areas". Sky News. 6 May 2013. Nick Timothy (2014). Remaking One Nation: The Future of ... By 2010, the Southern Poverty Law Center's 1,000 organizations listed within their "hate" and "nativist" archives predominantly ...
The Nazi Lowriders (NLR 949) of the San Clemente area. The SC Boys, a peckerwood gang in the San Clemente area. The gang has ... SHOT CALLER' IN CALIFORNIA WHITE SUPREMACIST GANG PLEADS GUILTY". Southern Poverty Law Center. January 30, 2015. Retrieved ... Baldy Ski area. (Currently defunct). Gangs in the Ontario, California area include: The Nazi Lowriders (NLR 909) of Ontario. ... Gangs in the general Long Beach area include: The Nazi Lowriders (NLR / NLR 562) chapter of the Long Beach area. The gang is ...
... while the areas of Greenspoint in unincorporated areas do not have that exemption. Greater Greenspoint straddles the city ... Rogers, Susan (2016-04-22). "Greenspoint, poverty and flooding". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved 2017-09-12. "Boundary Map ... The Greenspoint area's median household income is significantly lower than the City of Houston's - $26,823 versus $44,648 in ... At one time the headquarters of Atofina (now Total Petrochemicals USA) were in an area in Houston in proximity to George Bush ...
The largest urban areas in this zone in addition to Ashland are Medford and Grants Pass in the Rogue Valley, and Roseburg in ... About 21% of the population and 13% of families had incomes below the poverty line. Out of the total population, about 30% of ... According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of about 6.6 square miles (17.1 km2), all land. Ashland ... The name Lithia comes from natural mineral water found in the Ashland area. It has a strong mineral taste and slight ...
Within the D66 caucus, she became the spokesperson in the areas of child protection; juvenile crime; child abuse; the ... Participation Act; poverty and debt policy; and caregivers. She became part of the parliamentary Committees for Finances; ...
"Guyana". Areas of Work → Poverty. Baha'i International Community. Archived from the original on 2009-09-27. Retrieved 2009-09- ... In the 2000s Baháʼí organizations cooperated with projects to fight the spread of poverty and AIDs among youth - as well as ...
Some of the areas covered by the journal include: conflict, social action, and change; crime and juvenile delinquency; drinking ... and drugs; health, health policy, and health services; mental health; poverty, class, and inequality; racial and ethnic ...
"Standard Country and Area Codes Classifications (M49): Developed Regions". United Nations Statistics Division. Archived from ... Sachs, Jeffrey (2005). The End of Poverty. New York, New York: The Penguin Press. ISBN 1-59420-045-9. Wackernagel, Mathis; ... countries or areas in the United Nations system. And it notes that: The designations "developed" and "developing" are intended ... a group of the world's major donor countries that discuss issues surrounding development aid and poverty reduction in ...
Southern Poverty Law Center. Retrieved February 28, 2018. Westervelt, Eric (August 25, 2017). "Bay Area Braces For Protests: ' ... "Proud Boys". Southern Poverty Law Center. Retrieved February 27, 2018. Craig, Tim; Mekhennet, Souad (September 1, 2020). " ... Neiwert, David (February 12, 2018). "Patriot Prayer whips up anger in Seattle, but not much of a crowd". Southern Poverty Law ...
Southern Poverty Law Center. Archived from the original on July 23, 2020. "Gang handout". Salt Lake Area Gang Project. February ... According to the Southern Poverty Law Center, SAC members rose through the ranks by committing violence against Hispanic and ...
The memorial is sponsored by the Southern Poverty Law Center. The names included in the memorial belong to those who were ... "Civil Rights Memorial & Center". Montgomery Area Chamber of Commerce, Convention & Visitor Bureau. Retrieved August 8, 2011. " ... "Civil Rights Martyrs , Southern Poverty Law Center". Splcenter.org. Retrieved 2015-04-11. "The 40 Who Fell in the Turbulence Of ... "Civil Rights Memorial". Southern Poverty Law Center. Retrieved August 8, 2011. Lin, Maya; Grogan, David; Kramer, Linda (1989-11 ...
All areas of Europe were badly affected by the famine in these periods, especially rural areas. The Netherlands was able to ... "Famine in Africa, A Failure of the World System?". Poverties. poverties.org. Retrieved 26 April 2016. The Christian Science ... Some other areas of Europe also experienced famine at the same time. The pre-Columbian Americans often dealt with severe food ... It was in the farmer's interest to produce as much as possible on their land in order to sell it to areas that demanded that ...
"San Antonio Poverty Rate Tops List Of Large Metro Areas". TPR. September 27, 2019. Retrieved December 14, 2020. Wang, Jackie ( ... The area of Uptown San Antonio is slightly central north of downtown, thus area unquestionably has the most exclusive and ... The city has a total area of 465.4 square miles (1,205.4 km2); 460.93 square miles (1,193.8 km2) of San Antonio's total area is ... Companies with headquarters in the area include Valero and NuStar Energy. The South Side area of San Antonio is characterized ...
"Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 13 September 2018. "Mapping poverty in ... In 1820 this area began to be settled by Europeans who originally came from England and some from Scotland and Ireland. The ... The coastal areas have been a graveyard for many vessels. Whittlesea, Eastern Cape, situated in the Amatola Mountains, is known ... The Alexandria-Grahamstown area produces pineapples, chicory and dairy products, while coffee and tea are cultivated at Magwa. ...
"Poverty Area Plant To Close". The Progress-Index. November 18, 1964. p. 2. "Pride Of ARA Quits In Mingo". Bluefield Daily ... He was described at one point as "the town's only Republican," during the era of Democratic dominance in the area, but was also ... p. 2. "Area Election Results: Gilbert Election". Bluefield Daily Telegraph. June 5, 1963. p. 4. "11 Counts Of 'Vote Buying' ... Harless' plans to combat the housing shortage in the area of his hometown were again challenged by federal law in 1979, when he ...
Poblet, Maria (2012). "Causa Justa :: Just Cause: Multi-Racial Movement-Building for Housing Rights" (PDF). Poverty & Race ... "Development Without Displacement: Resisting Gentrification in the Bay Area" (PDF). "Plaza 16 Coalition". Plaza 16 Coalition. ...
In 1800, the area was made part of Trumbull County, which followed the boundaries of the Connecticut Western Reserve. In 1802, ... The county saw an increase in its poor population, as this can be compared to a 9.3% poverty rate (13,395 people) in 1999. As ... According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 504 square miles (1,310 km2), of which 487 square miles ( ... The first European settler in what is now Portage County was Abraham Honey in 1798 in the area now known as Mantua Township, ...
See also: History of the Galveston Bay Area. White settlers first arrived in the now-Baytown area in 1822.[8] One of its ... About 13.0% of families and 15.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.9% of those under age 18 and 9.8 ... Flatness of the local terrain and proximity to the bay have made flooding a recurring problem for the area.[13] Baytown and ... Since then, many other refineries have been built in the area. Exxon-Mobil is still one of the major employers in the city and ...
About 4.2% of families and 6.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.0% of those under age 18 and 7.4% of ... According to the United States Census Bureau, Independence covers an area of 4.9 square miles (13 km2), over 99% of it land. ... The Sierra Nevada mountains to the west lie within the John Muir Wilderness Area. Onion Valley, one of the principal entry ...
El Centro Metropolitan Area. References[edit]. *^ "California Cities by Incorporation Date". California Association of Local ... About 2.4% of families and 2.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.9% of those under age 18 and 17.8% ... This area has a large amount of sunshine year round due to its stable descending air and high pressure. According to the Köppen ... Calipatria is located 23 miles (37 km) north of El Centro.[6] It is part of the El Centro Metropolitan Area. The population was ...
In developing nations, access to essential medicines is severely restricted by lack of resources and poverty. Traditional ... of the hospitals offering CAM were in urban areas.[145] ... approach used in palliative care than in other areas of ...
Most of the rest that can be accounted for are refugees living in other Shi'i areas in Iraq, or have emigrated to Iran, and ... aggravated by the poverty of the dispossessed Marsh Arab population, remain a serious problem.[26] Rory Stewart observed that ... Many of the areas that he visited have since been drained. Gavin Maxwell, the Scottish naturalist, travelled with Thesiger ... Only a few thousand of the nearly half million Marsh Arabs remain in the area in Maysan Governorate, Dhi Qar Governorate and ...
"Population and Area (Historical Censuses)" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on June 24, ... People in married-couple families had the lowest poverty rates;. *The poor of any age were more likely than others to lack ... Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical ...
2012). Women and Poverty in 21st Century America. NC, USA: McFarland. p. 137. ISBN 978-0-7864-4903-3. . Archived from the ... The penalty is determined by dividing the average monthly cost of nursing home care in the area or State into the amount of ... Under the law as written, all U.S. citizens and qualified non-citizens with income up to 133% of the poverty line, including ... of the poverty line to qualify for coverage, including adults without dependent children. The federal government would pay 100 ...
According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 2.2 square miles (5.7 km²).None of the area is ... About 8.3% of families and 11.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.5% of those under age 18 and 6.5% ... The construction of Route 104 also contributed greatly to the area's growth as access to the metropolitan area was vastly ... The downtown area is still attractive and vibrant. There is potential for new retail, residential, and office uses as evidenced ...
Multi-user facilities which are open to all and where users may either share sinks in an open area or each have their own sink ... This denial was a sign of discrimination against based on race and/or poverty, a sign of society assigning a lesser value to ... For example, this approach was taken in one area at the Barbican Centre in the UK. Still, the center announced that it would ... that sex separation began in the toilet area.[64] This might have been an expression of the gender ideology of that era. Prior ...
In Success-N-Life, Tilton regularly taught that all of life's trials, especially poverty, were a result of sin. Tilton's ... In 1991, Diane Sawyer and ABC News conducted an investigation of Tilton (as well as two other Dallas-area televangelists, W. V ... After nearly 10,000 pounds of prayer requests and letters to the Tilton ministry were found in a disposal bin at a Tulsa area ... Tilton's young church was growing steadily, but Daystar failed to expand beyond the Dallas area until Tilton went to Hawaii-his ...
JEL: K1 - Basic Areas of Law JEL: K10 - Geral. JEL: K11 - Property Law. JEL: K12 - Contract Law. JEL: K13 - Tort Law and ... JEL: I3 - Welfare and Poverty JEL: I30 - Geral. JEL: I31 - General Welfare; Basic needs; Living standards; Quality of life; ... JEL: K3 - Other Substantive Areas of Law JEL: K30 - Geral. JEL: K31 - Labor Law. JEL: K32 - Environmental, Health, and Safety ... JEL: I32 - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty. JEL: I38 - Government Policy; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs. JEL: ...
According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 0.4 square miles (1.0 km2), of which 0.2 square miles ... About 7.4% of families and 4.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including none of those under the age of ... It is part of the Cape Coral-Fort Myers, Florida Metropolitan Statistical Area. ...
Harbor-UCLA Medical Center was ranked #26 in the Los Angeles metropolitan area and #45 in California.[18] The hospital's ... of the Federal Poverty Level (or are General Relief (GR) Recipients), and who do not qualify for Medi-Cal or any other ... Rancho Los Amigos National Rehabilitation Center was ranked #26 in the Los Angeles metropolitan area and #45 in California.[19] ... by extending health care insurance to uninsured LA County residents living at 0 percent to 133 percent of the Federal Poverty ...
... into a region of its own because the poverty in some of these areas is often as widespread as it is in the North, and political ... However, many middle-class and affluent areas are located near most major cities north of the divide, and conversely there are ... "Making a difference: Tackling poverty - a progress report" (PDF). Department for Work and Pensions. March 2006. Retrieved 2006- ...
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 14.9 square miles (38.6 km2), of which 14.2 square ... About 3.4% of families and 5.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.1% of those under age 18 and 3.2% of ... Based on the total area, both land and water, the density is therefore 553.8 persons per square mile.) As of the 2000 census, ... The Agawam tribe once numbered in the tens of thousands and controlled the area now occupied by Essex County. By the early 17th ...
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 56.5 square miles (146 km2), of which, 56.2 square ... About 4.4% of families and 13.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.0% of those under age 18 and 10.5% ... The mountainous area is also known for its water bodies of high acidity. Three of the "Sky Lakes," in Minnewaska State Park ... ridge that runs from southwest to northeast creates a heavy humidified atmosphere that would make the Lenape believe the area ...
The area did not develop rapidly until 1880, when a South Florida Railroad track connecting Orlando and Sanford was laid a few ... About 5.0% of families and 7.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.0% of those under age 18 and 6.1% ... The Winter Park area's first human residents were migrant Muscogee people who had earlier intermingled with the Choctaw and ... Swanson predicted that the west Winter Park area would be especially at risk.[12] In May 1981, during a period of record-low ...
The area was originally settled as part of the Equivalent Lands (specifically, the "Berkshire Equivalent"). Most of what is now ... About 3.3% of families and 5.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.3% of those under age 18 and 8.6% of ... It is part of the Pittsfield, Massachusetts Metropolitan Statistical Area. It is home to the east portal of the Hoosac Tunnel, ... According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 24.6 square miles (63.7 km2), of which 24.4 square ...
Many social problems associated with poverty from crime to drug addiction have been prevalent in the area for decades. Despite ... The area was the site of the Town Hall of New Lots (located at 109-111 Bradford Street[38]) from 1852 when the area seceded ... The total land area is one square mile. The area is also home to the East Brooklyn Industrial Park. The 44-block industrial ... Area codes. 718, 347, 929, and 917. East New York is a residential neighborhood in the eastern section of the borough of ...
However, a smaller tumor in an area such as Wernicke's area (small area responsible for language comprehension) can result in a ... and by deaths caused by other poverty-related causes that preempt a patient's life before tumors develop or tumors become life- ... The brain is divided into 4 lobes and each lobe or area has its own function.[14][15] A tumor in any of these lobes may affect ... These areas are composed of two broad classes of cells: neurons and glia. These two types are equally numerous in the brain as ...
Young girls in Thailand are commonly from northern areas. Because of the harshness of the land and a family's dependency on a ... In Vietnam, family poverty, low family education and family dysfunction were found to be primary causes for CSEC. Sixteen per ... World Vision is another non-government organization with many areas of impact. World Vision works to address the causes of why ... to provide a picture of a specific activity in a limited geographic area. It is a highly useful tool for collecting information ...
The area under other staple foodgrains is small; that under wheat, for instance, is less than 200,000 acres, and the total area ... Sen, Amartya (1981a). Poverty and Famines: An Essay on Entitlement and Deprivation. New York: Oxford University Press. (See ... created stagnant water areas, damaged crop production, contributed (in some areas) to a partial shift away from the productive ... The area now constitutes part of Bangladesh and the Indian states of West Bengal and Tripura. The famine also affected the ...
"Southern Poverty Law Center. Archived from the original on October 27, 2007. Retrieved October 29, 2007.. ... In many urban areas of the United States today many Black Muslims in the Sunni tradition are known and recognized by the hijabs ... and is listed as a hate group by the Southern Poverty Law Center.[33] ...
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,851 square miles (4,790 km2), of which 1,851 square miles ... About 2.50% of families and 4.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.60% of those under age 18 and 4.50 ... Elbert County is included in the Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area. ...
The area that is now known as Dagupan was described as marshland thickly covered with mangrove and nipa palm trees.[11] The ... "PSA Releases the 2012 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. ... The natives called the area Bacnotan which would later be incorporated into the encomienda of Lingayen that was established in ... "Physiographic Setting of Affected Areas". Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology. Retrieved 27 July 2019. In 1590, ...
Kurdish-inhabited areas of the Middle East and the Soviet Union in 1986, according to the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA ... The main themes of Kurdish cinema are the poverty and hardship which ordinary Kurds have to endure. The first films featuring ... Kurdish bags are mainly known from the works of one large tribe: the Jaffs, living in the border area between Iran and Iraq. ... A short-lived Soviet-sponsored Kurdish Republic of Mahabad (January to December 1946) existed in an area of present-day Iran. ...
"PSA releases the 2015 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Quezon City, Philippines. Retrieved January 1, 2020.. ... The hard coal spill spread to 330,000 square metres of coral and sea grass areas.[8] ... the lighthouse still sends signals to vessels passing by the area. ... and other protected sanctuaries which are prohibited areas for tourists. ...
In addition, the WHA has endorsed through resolutions a number of WHO action plans dealing with different areas to improve ... to the emphasis placed on poverty alleviation by the Millennium Development Goals.[16] She announced the emergence of global ...
In urban areas, many women and men wear Western-style attire. Men also wear traditional costumes such as the kurta. lungi, a ...
According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 1.5 square miles (3.9 km2), 96.93% of it land and ... About 14.2% of families and 20.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.4% of those under age 18 and 4.2 ...
The poverty thresholds apply nationwide and in the insular areas, with no geographic variation, while separate poverty ... We (1) examined how the Census poverty thresholds and HHS poverty guidelines are determined for the insular areas. In addition ... provides poverty guidelines, which are derived from the poverty thresholds. The approaches used to determine these poverty ... we (2) considered the possibility of providing poverty thresholds and guidelines specific to the insular areas and identified ...
Rates of diabetes and severe obesity are about one-fifth lower in the women who moved to a lower poverty area than in those who ... After more than a decade, moving from high- to low-poverty areas seems to have had little impact on economic measures such as ... The study doesnt claim that moving from a high- to low-poverty area guarantees weight loss or protection from diabetes. The ... By contrast, just 16% of the women who moved to low-poverty areas had diabetes and just 14% were morbidly obese. ...
The Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates program provides statistics on the total number of people in poverty, the number of ... Metro and Micro Areas Population Projections Small Area Income and Poverty Statistics of U.S. Businesses Survey of Business ... Small Area Income and Poverty Statistics of U.S. Businesses Survey of Business Owners Survey of Income and Program ... The statistics are from the Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates program, which provides the only up-to-date, single-year ...
Metro and Micro Areas Population Projections Small Area Income and Poverty Statistics of U.S. Businesses Survey of Business ... Small Area Income and Poverty Statistics of U.S. Businesses Survey of Business Owners Survey of Income and Program ... The Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates Program (SAIPE) produces estimates of median household income for states and ... Housing Income and Poverty International Trade Population Population Estimates Public Sector Race Research Voting and ...
... all its related concerns require so much mental energy that the poor have less remaining brainpower to devote to other areas of ... Research based at Princeton University found that poverty and ... "Previous views of poverty have blamed poverty on personal ... Poor concentration: Poverty reduces brainpower needed for navigating other areas of life by Morgan Kelly, Office of ... "A person in poverty might be at the high part of the performance curve when it comes to a specific task and, in fact, we show ...
Help a classroom in support of We Support education in areas affected by high poverty ... Help a classroom in support of We Support education in areas affected by high poverty ... We Support education in areas affected by high poverty,vanityType:challenge,isGivingPage:true} ... We Support education in areas affected by high poverty,URL:https://www.donorschoose.org/donors/viewChallenge.html?id= ...
Provision of Non-Formal basic Education to disadvantaged children and youth in the poor urban areas. Learners attend a flexible ... Provision of Non-Formal basic Education to disadvantaged children and youth in the poor urban areas. Learners attend a flexible ... What is your area of work? (Please check as many as apply.) ... Basic Education in Urban Poverty Areas (BEUPA). Uganda. Hannah ... Illiteracy, unemployment, inadequate life skills, poverty, street life and drug abuse, child rights ...
Home , Data & Research , Research , Programs , Poverty Research , Subtopics , Small Area Poverty Map of Kenya ... To view specific maps, you can also click on areas of interest on the map above (for rural poverty estimates) or click on city ... This report presents small area poverty maps and measures for Kenya at unprecedented levels of geographic detail. The resulting ... The poverty maps themselves provide information rather than answers. When combined with socio-economic, environmental and other ...
News-Press education reporter Pamela McCabe took part in a poverty simulation Monday. See how her make-believe family struggled ... Simulation shows how families struggle with poverty. News-Press education reporter Pamela McCabe took part in a poverty ... Simulation shows how families struggle with poverty News-Press education reporter Pamela McCabe took part in a poverty ... Simulation shows how families struggle with poverty. Pamela McCabe, [email protected] Published 5:39 p.m. ET April 11, ...
But today, the rural areas farthest from the metro areas struggle under century-old burdens of limited educational ... Rural counties are plagued by what the U.S. Department of Agriculture calls "persistent poverty." Residents of rural areas " ... Persistent poverty means 20 percent or more of residents fall below the federal poverty line, as measured by four consecutive ... But today, the rural areas farthest from the metro areas struggle under century-old burdens of limited educational ...
... but we can identify several challenges that the suburbanization of poverty presents, as well as possible ways to address these ... The shifting geography of poverty compels the community development field to reevaluate how we do our work because it signals ... This map presents a snapshot of the geography of poverty in the Bay Area in 2009 and draws attention to areas where poverty ... and Santa Rosa have high poverty rates but are also located in suburban areas farther from the urban core. ...
Memphis now ranks below New Orleans in both overall and childhood poverty, according to the Census Bureaus American Community ... Memphis area no longer #1 in overall, childhood poverty. Memphis now ranks below New Orleans in both overall and childhood ...
Poverty rate down; areas of concentrated poverty grow. Date: Monday, February 5, 2018 ... There are ongoing signs that Areas of Concentrated Poverty have peaked and are receding. This is not true, however, for Areas ... concentrated poverty. See the full METROSTATS report: Areas of Concentrated Poverty in 2016 (2 pages pdf). ... A new Council MetroStats research report says theres good news and bad when it comes to areas of the region where poverty is ...
The views expressed are not necessarily those of the Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco or of the Federal Reserve System.. Would you like to be notified as new publications become available? Want to stay in the loop on upcoming conferences and events? Sign up for our mailing list. ...
... all its related concerns require so much mental energy that the poor have less remaining brainpower to devote to other areas of ... Research based at Princeton University found that poverty and ... "Previous views of poverty have blamed poverty on personal ... Poor concentration: Poverty reduces brainpower needed for navigating other areas of life. Princeton University ... Poor concentration: Poverty reduces brainpower needed for navigating other areas of life ...
You dont have to be poor for your life to be touched by poverty. People are shaped by their neighborhoods. And areas heavy on ... poverty rate was about 15 percent. However, about a quarter of all Americans lived in a so-called "poverty area"-defined as a ... You dont have to be poor for your life to be touched by poverty. People are shaped by their neighborhoods. And areas heavy on ... Census: One-Quarter of Americans Now Live in "Poverty Areas". By Jordan Weissmann ...
... lowest poverty level in upstate NY; Shenendehowa Central School District; Niskayuna Central School District; Saratoga County, ... Two Albany, NY area schools have the lowest poverty rate in upstate ... A total of 10 districts in New Yorks Capital Region rank among the top 25 for having the lowest poverty levels in upstate, ... Niskayuna, in Schenectady County, ranked first in the Capital Region among 85 area districts. And Shenendehowa, in Clifton Park ...
... to enable users to view the location of high-poverty areas in selected metropolitan areas and track the growth of such areas ... His principal areas of research are neighborhood poverty, segregation by race and class and the effects of economic inequality ... Paul A. Jargowsky a grant to produce an updated map of the distribution of poverty in metropolitan areas of the United States. ... is a comprehensive examination of the concentration of poverty in U.S. metropolitan areas. His current work focuses on racial ...
After more than a decade, moving from high- to low-poverty areas seems to have had little impact on economic measures such as ... The study doesnt claim that moving from a high- to low-poverty area guarantees weight loss or protection from diabetes. The ... By contrast, just 16% of the women who moved to low-poverty areas had diabetes and just 14% were morbidly obese. ... Several factors could contribute to better health in low-poverty areas, including greater access to healthy foods, a safer ...
Taking this away from them would have a huge impact on the poverty-stricken areas. ... However, poverty-stricken countries would suffer greatly. The countries that export produce would need more farmland and ... and it would eventually lead to the expansion of forested areas. Therefore, banning GMO crops would certainly create the higher ...
UUP proposals on tackling poverty in loyalist areas criticised. 15 March, 2006 ... UUP proposals to tackle poverty in loyalist working class areas were flawed, sectarian and clearly put together by a party out ... "Poverty and deprivation can only be tackled on the basis of need. It cannot be done on the basis of perception or on the whim ... Deprivation and poverty undoubtedly exists in unionist working class communities, as it does in nationalist and republican ...
Estimation of poverty rate for small areas by model calibration and hybrid calibration methods [Risto Lehtonen, University of ... Advances in small area estimation with applications - part II (special session) » Estimation of poverty rate for small areas by ... Estimation of poverty rate for small areas by model calibration and hybrid calibration methods [Risto Lehtonen, University of ... Estimation of poverty rate for small areas by model calibration and "hybrid" calibration methods [Risto Lehtonen, University of ...
Children Living in Areas of Concentrated Poverty *Children in Deep Poverty (Regions of 65,000 Residents or More) *by City, ... Children living in areas of concentrated poverty (i.e., where at least 30% of residents live in poverty) ... Poverty-Reducing Effects of the Social Safety Net - California Poverty Measure, by Program Type and Poverty Level (California ... Poverty Thresholds - California Poverty Measure, by Family Composition and Housing Tenure *Children in Poverty - California ...
... of all children in urban areas, while 9.5% are considered to be living in indigent conditions, according to the latest Social ... Infancy poverty in Argentina extensive to 40% of children living in urban areas. Friday, August 28th 2015 - 06:01 UTC Full ... Infancy poverty in Argentina includes 40% of all children in urban areas, while 9.5% are considered to be living in indigent ... Tevez speaks the truth about poverty in Argentina.. Kicillof wont talk about poverty because it will stigmatise CFK. ...
The road to success for communities struggling with poverty is generally not hard to find, or even to travel. All it requires ... Its A Gray Area: Government is not the road out of poverty. ... First, avoiding poverty is generally not hard to do if you ... The road to success for communities struggling with poverty is generally not hard to find, or even to travel. All it requires ...
Poverty alleviation will continue to be a primary area of focus for our community and all the institutions under the Aga Khan ... Read more about Fighting poverty still to be primary area of focus: Aga Khan on Business Standard. ... Fighting poverty still to be primary area of focus: Aga Khan Press Trust of India , New Delhi. Last Updated at July 13, 2017 00 ... Poverty alleviation will continue to be a primary area of focus for our community and all the institutions under the Aga Khan ...
... or medium-poverty communities. That status was dramatically wiped out over the next decade. Only a collection of states in the ... or moderate-poverty area to a high-poverty one. Many more Oregonians ended up in high-poverty tracts in Multnomah, Marion and ... Oregons huge increase in people living in high-poverty areas one of nations most extreme, study finds. Updated Jan 10, 2019; ... It experienced a large increase in non-poor people living in a high-poverty area and a humongous increase in poor people living ...
... www.aecf.org/resources/data-snapshot-on-high-poverty-communities/,Data Snapshot on High-Poverty Communities,/a,.,/em, ... High-poverty neighborhoods are much more likely than others to have high rates of crime and violence, physical and mental ... Concentrated poverty puts whole neighborhoods, and the people living in them, at risk. ... This indicator defines areas of concentrated poverty as those census tracts with overall poverty rates of 30 percent or more ...
A parliamentary panel has recommended the government to effectively launch and monitor the poverty alleviation programme in far ... Far-flung areas: Panel for launching effective poverty alleviation programme. Sindh govt ends Covid-19 lockdown across province ... Far-flung areas: Panel for launching effective poverty alleviation programme. A parliamentary panel has recommended the ... panel has recommended the government to effectively launch and monitor the poverty alleviation programme in far-flung areas of ...
Urban poverty in Nigeria: a case study of Agege area of Lagos State, Nigeria Urban poverty in Nigeria: a case study of Agege ... Nigeria is experiencing a serious and alarming rise in the levels of urban poverty when compared to rural poverty, so what are ... just as ignorance maintains poverty, so also poverty perpetuates ignorance, since the poor cannot think and plan beyond where ... water can be linked to the occurrence of poverty in the area, therefore, any attempt to improving these factors will be a step ...
  • The official poverty statistics for the nation were released in the fall showing a decline in the poverty rate for children under age 18 from the previous year for the first time since 2000. (census.gov)
  • This map presents a snapshot of the geography of poverty in the Bay Area in 2009 and draws attention to areas where poverty rates have increased since 2000 (outlined in red). (frbsf.org)
  • Cities outlined in red experienced the greatest increases in poverty rates from 2000 to 2009. (frbsf.org)
  • The $15,000 grant will enable Jargowsky, an associate professor of political economy in UTD's School of Social Sciences, to undertake a project entitled 'Windows on Urban Poverty: Describing and Mapping Concentrated Poverty in the 2000 Census. (utdallas.edu)
  • Jargowsky and his research team will produce a report this fall on the changes between 1990 and 2000 in the concentration of poverty, defined as the percent of poor persons who live in high-poverty neighborhoods isolated from the social and economic mainstream of society. (utdallas.edu)
  • Oregon experienced one of the nation's most severe increases in people living in areas of concentrated poverty during the first decade of this century, according to a new Census Bureau study of living situations in 2000 and 2010. (oregonlive.com)
  • In 2000, 75 percent of Oregonians lived in a tract -- areas delineated by the federal government that generally contain roughly 4,000 residents -- where the poverty rate was less than 15 percent. (oregonlive.com)
  • Our spatial analysis of the distribution of rural populations across 124 developing countries in 2000 reveals that around 36% (1.31 billion people) were located on less-favored agricultural land, and over 37% (1.38 billion) in less-favored agricultural areas. (triplecrisis.com)
  • To test these two hypotheses empirically, we examined how the spatial distributions of rural populations in 2000 influenced poverty changes from 2000 to 2012 in 83 developing countries. (triplecrisis.com)
  • Although Arizona's poverty level was about 19 percent in 2011, it was at 17.4 percent in 2010, 16.5 percent in 2009, and less than 15.6 percent every year before that, going back to 2000. (phoenixnewtimes.com)
  • In 2000, poverty rates among Latinos were similar in both new and established Latino communities, while in 2010, new Latino destinations saw more poverty and lower income and employment rates compared to traditional Latino communities. (salud-america.org)
  • In counties with high Latino growth and established African American populations, unemployment rates were 44% higher among African Americans in 2000, though this did not translate to higher income, lower poverty rates, or greater wealth for Latinos compared to African Americans. (salud-america.org)
  • WASHINGTON - One in four U.S. residents live in "poverty areas," according to American Community Survey data collected by the U.S. Census Bureau from 2008 to 2012, up from less than one in five in 2000. (mecktimes.com)
  • Economic growth is the primary driver of poverty reduction. (eldis.org)
  • The End Child Poverty coalition, of which Family Fund is a member, is calling for the major Parties to outline ambitious child poverty-reduction strategies, as new data shows that child poverty is becoming the norm in parts of Britain and that more than 50% of children are living in poverty in some constituencies. (familyfund.org.uk)
  • Family Fund therefore supports the call of the Coalition to see a child-poverty reduction strategy which will protect and enhance the lives of children across the UK. (familyfund.org.uk)
  • Seeking policy reform: macro-economic policies such as trade agreements, national development plans and poverty reduction strategies need to reflect the differences between men and women. (unwomen.org)
  • We find evidence of both income convergence and poverty reduction: poorer households are catching up to richer households over time and the bottom of the distribution is being lifted up. (ssrn.com)
  • The mission of the Kalamazoo County Poverty Reduction Initiative (PRI) is to foster collaborative and mutually accountable public-private partnerships that increase both access to and resources for individuals and families living in poverty. (volunteermatch.org)
  • The PRI is a broad and inclusive partnership engaging all sectors of the community for the purpose of poverty reduction. (volunteermatch.org)
  • We use research on issues of poverty and better practices to collaboratively develop solutions with our partners and other poverty reduction agencies to remove systemic barriers at the community and state levels that keep people in our community from becoming economically self-sufficient. (volunteermatch.org)
  • We connect service organizations to each other and to the private sector to optimize the community's potential for poverty reduction. (volunteermatch.org)
  • Would you recommend Kalamazoo County Poverty Reduction Initiative? (volunteermatch.org)
  • Policy and interventions that can effectively prevent alcohol misuse are expected to contribute to poverty reduction, and hence the development, implementation and enforcement of contextually relevant alcohol policies is crucial. (sintef.no)
  • Can Protected Areas contribute to Poverty Reduction? (agriculture-xprt.com)
  • We find considerable merit to a "package" approach to child poverty reduction because it provides an opportunity to combine options that generate complementary impacts on poverty reduction, work incentives, and other important criteria. (nap.edu)
  • Poverty reduction, poverty relief, or poverty alleviation, is a set of measures, both economic and humanitarian, that are intended to permanently lift people out of poverty. (wikipedia.org)
  • While poverty is much more widespread in developing countries, both types of countries undertake poverty reduction measures. (wikipedia.org)
  • Poverty reduction occurs largely as a result of overall economic growth. (wikipedia.org)
  • They also argue that extending property rights protection to the poor is one of the most important poverty reduction strategies a nation can implement. (wikipedia.org)
  • What is perhaps more striking than the steady reduction in the number of the very poor is the failure to reduce the number just above the minimum poverty line: There are today, just as there were in 1959, about 15-3/4 mil- lion persons in households with income that is above the poverty level but still below what might be considered a reasonable minimum. (wikipedia.org)
  • When federal housing officials created a program in the mid-1990s to help single-mother households in poor neighborhoods relocate to low-poverty areas, they weren't merely interested in providing access to better homes, jobs, and schools. (cnn.com)
  • And areas heavy on low-income households suffer from worse schools, worse public services, worse crime, and a host of other problems that affect families who live well above the official poverty line. (slate.com)
  • The data is the result of an indirect measurement of poverty through households' income, related to an direct indicator known as the Unsatisfied Basic Necessities, NBI. (mercopress.com)
  • Weaknesses in land reform, concerning both agricultural and forest land allocation to households, is one of the causes of poverty for numerous households. (iied.org)
  • This paper explores the dynamics of income and poverty of rural Indian households over the period 1994 to 2005. (ssrn.com)
  • The estimation strategy consists of a convergence analysis to test whether poor households are catching-up with rich ones in terms of income, followed by a transition analysis to test whether poor households are more likely to exit poverty than to remain poor. (ssrn.com)
  • 1. Partition the map of Afghanistan into areas of roughly 500 residents (50-150 households). (samefacts.com)
  • For instance, over 70% of population in India lives in rural areas with some form of direct dependence of households on forest-based natural resources varying between 40-80% in villages. (exordo.com)
  • According to U.S. Census Bureau estimates released today, the poverty rate for school-age children had no statistical change in 2,199 counties between 2007 and 2013 while 928 counties experienced an increase and 15 showed a decline. (census.gov)
  • The statistics are from the Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates program, which provides the only up-to-date, single-year income and poverty statistics for all counties and school districts - roughly 3,140 counties and nearly 14,000 school districts nationally. (census.gov)
  • County school-age child poverty rates are still above their prerecession levels in metropolitan areas of California, Nevada, Arizona, Florida, Georgia, the Carolinas, as well as the coastal areas of the Northeast and Great Lakes states," said Wesley Basel of the Census Bureau's Small Area Estimates Branch. (census.gov)
  • The Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates program provides statistics on the total number of people in poverty, the number of children younger than age 5 in poverty (for states only), the number of children ages 5 to 17 in families in poverty, the number younger than age 18 in poverty and median household income. (census.gov)
  • At the school district level, estimates are available for the total population, the number of children ages 5 to 17 and the number of children ages 5 to 17 in families in poverty. (census.gov)
  • This release includes publication of 2013 Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates (SAIPE): An Overview , which presents income and poverty trends and explains the sources and approach. (census.gov)
  • More information can be obtained from the Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates main page . (census.gov)
  • Statistics from the Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates program are an input to the allocation formula for Title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, which observes its 50th anniversary in April 2015. (census.gov)
  • The Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates Program (SAIPE) produces estimates of median household income for states and counties, and poverty for states, counties, and school districts. (census.gov)
  • Increases or decreases in the Census thresholds for the insular areas could, by raising or lowering estimates of the incidence of poverty, have implications for federal programs that use fund-distribution formulas involving poverty. (gao.gov)
  • To view specific maps, you can also click on areas of interest on the map above (for rural poverty estimates) or click on city names (for urban poverty estimates). (worldbank.org)
  • The top estimates of poverty was 50% in 2001. (mercopress.com)
  • While we found little evidence of a direct impact on the spatial distribution of rural populations on changes in poverty, there is a significant indirect influence, in that accounting for the distribution of rural populations on less-favored agricultural lands or areas reduces estimates of the poverty-reducing impact of income growth. (triplecrisis.com)
  • Estimates of inhaled asthma medications (beta-agonists, steroids, and cromolyn) dispensed in each area in 1992 were obtained from IMS America. (nih.gov)
  • The poverty level in Phoenix alone was more than 24 percent, according to the bureau's estimates. (phoenixnewtimes.com)
  • Small Area Estimation (SAE) plays a crucial role in producing statistically sound estimates for poverty mapping. (litportal.ru)
  • According to estimates by the U.S. Department of Agriculture, nearly a quarter of children growing up in rural America were poor in 2016, compared to slightly more than 20 percent in urban areas. (investmentwatchblog.com)
  • Provides access to annual estimates of income and poverty for all U.S. states and counties as well as estimates of school-age children in poverty for all U.S. school districts. (ruralhealthinfo.org)
  • The U.S. Census Bureau provides annual estimates of income and poverty statistics for all school districts, counties, and states through the Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates (SAIPE) program. (stlouisfed.org)
  • The bureau's main objective with this program is to provide estimates of income and poverty for the administration of federal programs and the allocation of federal funds to local jurisdictions. (stlouisfed.org)
  • In addition to these federal programs, state and local programs use the income and poverty estimates for distributing funds and managing programs. (stlouisfed.org)
  • Estimates of poverty by ages and families are not direct counts from enumerations or administrative records, nor direct estimates from sample surveys. (stlouisfed.org)
  • Instead, for counties and states, the Census models income and poverty estimates by combining survey data with population estimates and administrative records. (stlouisfed.org)
  • How, then, does this distribution influence the incidence of poverty in these countries? (triplecrisis.com)
  • That is, the spatial concentration of rural population on marginal and remote agricultural land slows down how much (average) income growth reduces the incidence of poverty in developing countries. (triplecrisis.com)
  • The report also showed that incidence of poverty is also high, with 18.4 percent of the population living below the poverty line. (sundaystandard.info)
  • However, there is often substantial overlap between biodiversity hotspots and incidence of poverty. (exordo.com)
  • The headline shows 4.3 million children were living in relative poverty by 2020 - an increase of 500,000 in five years. (newsguardian.co.uk)
  • Estimated number of children ages 0-17 living in census tracts in which at least 30% of residents live below their federal poverty threshold (e.g., in 2012-2016, 1,385,724 California children lived in areas of concentrated poverty). (kidsdata.org)
  • A zero value indicates that there were no census tracts with poverty rates of at least 30% in that location. (kidsdata.org)
  • Children living in census tracts with poverty rates of 30 percent or more. (kidscount.org)
  • The South may have the greatest share of its population packed into poor neighborhoods, but the growth of concentrated poverty was actually fastest in the Midwest, as shown on the graph below. (slate.com)
  • Because this Census study uses 20 percent as a marker, it doesn't specifically track what academics consider "high poverty" neighborhoods-that term generally gets applied to Census tracts where at least 40 percent of families live below the poverty line, and it's the threshold that many researchers use when looking at the ill effects of poverty on whole communities. (slate.com)
  • Concentrated poverty puts whole neighborhoods, and the people living in them, at risk. (kidscount.org)
  • High-poverty neighborhoods are much more likely than others to have high rates of crime and violence, physical and mental health issues, unemployment and other problems. (kidscount.org)
  • We performed a small area analysis of asthma hospitalization rates in Boston, to determine whether this pattern of asthma hospitalization also obtained in a medium-sized city and to identify characteristics of neighborhoods with high hospitalization rates, including the relative use of inhaled anti-inflammatory medication. (nih.gov)
  • The report notes that high-poverty neighborhoods "should be targets of future rounds of investment. (nbcphiladelphia.com)
  • The City of Philadelphia distributed millions of dollars in aid for small businesses, but commercial corridors in high-poverty neighborhoods received less funding than their wealthier counterparts, the Philadelphia Business Journal reports . (nbcphiladelphia.com)
  • A new report published by the Office of the Controller found that as wealthier neighborhoods and high-poverty neighborhoods received similar amounts of funding from the Covid-19 Small Business Relief Fund , larger percentages of businesses in Center City's commercial corridors received money when compared to corridors in poorer areas. (nbcphiladelphia.com)
  • Poorer corridors had more businesses awarded grants through the program, and the report notes that high-poverty neighborhoods "should be targets of future rounds of investment. (nbcphiladelphia.com)
  • Is the Subject Area "Neighborhoods" applicable to this article? (plos.org)
  • A parliamentary panel has recommended the government to effectively launch and monitor the poverty alleviation programme in far-flung areas of the country. (brecorder.com)
  • The region's poverty rate (those making at or below $45,442 for a family of four in 2016/$22,622 for a single person) has declined in recent years. (metrocouncil.org)
  • The federal poverty threshold was $24,339 for a family of two adults and two children in 2016. (kidsdata.org)
  • February 23, 2016) -- Among children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), the most common pediatric cancer, those who live in high-poverty areas are substantially more likely to suffer early relapse than other patients, despite having received the same treatment, according to new research from Dana-Farber/Boston Children's Cancer and Blood Disorders Center. (childrenshospital.org)
  • The Global Nutrition Policy Review 2016-2017 is the report of the second comprehensive analysis of nutrition-related policy environment, coordination mechanisms, available capacities and actions being taken in 176 Member States (91%) and one area which responded to the survey carried out between July 2016 and December 2017. (who.int)
  • The release included tables on income and poverty, providing statistics for all areas regardless of population size, down to the block group level. (census.gov)
  • The approaches used to determine these poverty measures affect, respectively, poverty population statistics and income eligibility of individuals and families for certain need-based federal assistance. (gao.gov)
  • However, about a quarter of all Americans lived in a so-called "poverty area"-defined as a census tract where more than 20 percent of the population lived below the poverty line. (slate.com)
  • However, he adds that metropolitan development patterns, including population 'deconcentration' and suburban sprawl, may have been a countervailing force, adding to the growth of the physical area of blighted high-poverty ghettos and barrios. (utdallas.edu)
  • Yet in Nigeria, despite a decade of significant growth and bountiful natural resources, 67% of the population were estimated to live in abject poverty in 2011, while wealth inequality grew. (eldis.org)
  • It is estimated that 40% of the children and teen-age population, 0 to 17 years in urban Argentina live in homes below the poverty line, and of this population, 9.5% don't reach the indigence line says the UCA Infancy Social Debt Barometer report elaborated on data collected during 2014. (mercopress.com)
  • Nationally, almost twice that share of the population lived in a high-poverty tract. (oregonlive.com)
  • Washington, which typically has demographics somewhat similar to Oregon, started out with about the same proportion of its population living in high-poverty tracts, 11 percent. (oregonlive.com)
  • The goal of the project is to improve food security and the living standards of the rural population in that area. (wfp.org)
  • To address this question, our paper " Poverty and the Spatial Distribution of Rural Population " investigates two types of spatial distributions across 83 developing countries over a 10-year period: rural populations on less-favored agricultural lands and in less-favored agricultural areas . (triplecrisis.com)
  • Less-favored agricultural areas include less-favored agricultural lands plus favorable agricultural land with limited access to markets (i.e. five hours or more travel to a market city with a population of at least 50,000). (triplecrisis.com)
  • Given this evidence confirming that a sizable proportion of the rural population is located on less favored lands and in remote areas, we developed two hypotheses as to how this spatial distribution of rural populations might impact poverty in developing countries. (triplecrisis.com)
  • Population and demographic characteristics of each area were obtained from the 1990 US Census. (nih.gov)
  • Poor access to information and low levels of literacy, together with high population growth, are further causes of poverty. (iied.org)
  • This is one of the reasons why goats are sometimes referred to as the "poor man's cow" (Steele 1996).With poverty, malnutrition and a growing population in the rural areas of South Africa being the order of the day, solutions have to be found to help feed and provide a possible source of income to these people (Mmbengwa 1999). (lrrd.org)
  • The purpose of this study was to utilize a large population-based birth registry to estimate the independent effect of county-level poverty on preterm birth risk. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Most of the U.S. Latino population was concentrated in the Southwest until the 1990s, when Latino immigrants began to migrate to rural areas in the South and Midwestern United States for low-wage jobs in manufacturing and meat processing. (salud-america.org)
  • In the United States, rural areas represent approximately 19% of the total population, but are served by only 9% of practicing physicians. (salud-america.org)
  • We also find that income poverty is not a reliable proxy to measure multiple deprivations: 5.5% of the population, an estimated 17.1 million Americans, experience multiple deprivations while they are not income poor. (ssrn.com)
  • WIESBADEN - Almost one out of every six people was at risk of poverty in Germany in 2011 - that is 16.1% of the population or approximately 13 million people. (destatis.de)
  • If 3/4 of the population lives in areas not controlled by warlords or the Taliban, that means something like 50,000 actual points of contact. (samefacts.com)
  • Countries by percentage of population living in poverty, as recorded by World bank and other sources. (wikipedia.org)
  • The first table lists countries by the percentage of their population with an income of less than $1.90 (the extreme poverty line), $3.20 and $5.50 US dollars a day in 2011 international (PPP) prices. (wikipedia.org)
  • The second table lists countries by the percentage of the population living below the national poverty line-the poverty line deemed appropriate for a country by its authorities. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is usually accepted, that over one third (33.3%) of the population in Libya and Saudi Arabia live below the poverty line. (wikipedia.org)
  • The percentage of the population living below national poverty line (%) - poverty line deemed appropriate for a country by its authorities (however definitions of the poverty line vary considerably among nations). (wikipedia.org)
  • This reciprocal trend suggests that there may be a siz- able group in the population living always on the margin-wavering between dire poverty and a level only slightly higher but never really free from the threat of [de]priva- tion. (wikipedia.org)
  • 25)" More than 10% of the world population i.e. more than 700 million people still live in extreme poverty and lack basic existential needs (healthcare, education, access to water and sanitation etc. (wikipedia.org)
  • The 2019 federal poverty threshold is $25,926 per year for a family of two adults and two children. (kidscount.org)
  • His principal areas of research are neighborhood poverty, segregation by race and class and the effects of economic inequality. (utdallas.edu)
  • Researchers from Loughborough University estimated the numbers of children locked in poverty in each constituency, ward and local authority area across Britain, showing that child poverty is rising particularly rapidly in parts of major cities, especially London, Birmingham and Manchester, suggesting that inequality between areas is growing. (familyfund.org.uk)
  • The Bay Area is a place of opportunity, but also a place of incredible inequality and deprivation. (tippingpoint.org)
  • Focussing on IUCN type I and II PAs in India, the objective of this paper is two-fold: (a) to determine if forests are being converted to PAs in regions with greater poverty, and (b) to examine how regions with PAs have performed on inequality and poverty indices over the last three decades as opposed to their counterparts i.e. similar regions but without PAs. (exordo.com)
  • Fighting poverty means fighting inequality preventing from unemployment, social exclusion, and high vulnerability of certain populations to disasters, diseases. (wikipedia.org)
  • But that situation changed dramatically in Oregon by 2010, with only about half of the state's residents living in low-poverty tracts and 26 percent -- or nearly 1 million people -- in high-poverty tracts. (oregonlive.com)
  • Many more Oregonians ended up in high-poverty tracts in Multnomah, Marion and Lane counties as well as in more rural areas including Jefferson County and those on or near the Oregon coast. (oregonlive.com)
  • This indicator defines areas of concentrated poverty as those census tracts with overall poverty rates of 30 percent or more because it is a commonly used threshold that lies between the starting point and leveling off point for negative neighborhood effects. (kidscount.org)
  • For example, in New Mexico and Mississippi, more than 80 percent of counties had poverty rates statistically greater than the national rate. (census.gov)
  • Conversely, 902 counties had poverty rates for school-age children that were statistically lower than the national rate. (census.gov)
  • The families who volunteered for the program were sorted into three groups via random lottery: Some received vouchers that enabled them to move into areas with a low poverty rate (below 10%) at the same rent they were paying in public housing, some received vouchers that could be used anywhere, and some -- the control group -- received no new vouchers or assistance. (cnn.com)
  • the poverty rate is down, but some concentrations of poverty continue to persist. (metrocouncil.org)
  • Keep that in mind while taking a look at these maps from a new report by the Census Bureau on the growth of concentrated poverty in the U.S. In 2010, the overall U.S. poverty rate was about 15 percent. (slate.com)
  • Asthma hospitalization rate was positively correlated with poverty rate and with the proportion of nonwhite residents and inversely correlated with income and educational attainment. (nih.gov)
  • Statewide, Arizona's poverty rate is estimated at 18.7 percent for 2012, which is about the fifth-highest level in the country. (phoenixnewtimes.com)
  • In rural America, times are tough, and that is one of the reasons why the suicide rate is much, much higher in rural areas than it is in the large cities. (thedailysheeple.com)
  • To accomplish this, we used a multilevel logistic regression approach to account for multiple co-existent individual-level variables and county-level poverty rate. (semanticscholar.org)
  • The poverty rate among black and Latino children in suburban counties is higher than it is for white children in rural counties. (salud-america.org)
  • The individual poverty rate was 21% higher in new Latino destinations, with a slight decline in median household income. (salud-america.org)
  • These areas of concentrated poverty refer to any census tract with a poverty rate of 20 percent of more. (mecktimes.com)
  • With a backdrop of stunning scenery, Kisoro's beauty masks a harsh reality of poverty, malnutrition, and young mortality rate. (ceapu.com)
  • Poverty hampers brain development in children, by slowing growth rate in two key brain structures, finds a new University of Wisconsin-Madison study. (medindia.net)
  • Also, poverty rate in rural areas worldwide are higher than in urban areas. (wikipedia.org)
  • The findings show there were large concentrations in the South and West of the 972 counties with poverty rates statistically above the national average of 20.8 percent for school-age children. (census.gov)
  • Across the nation, 15 percent of school districts had poverty rates greater than 30 percent for school-age children. (census.gov)
  • Using this approach, based on OPM's nonforeign area COLAs, would produce guidelines for the CNMI, Guam, and USVI that are 25 percent higher, and for Puerto Rico 14 percent higher, than the guidelines for the contiguous states and Washington, D.C. Because no nonforeign area COLA has been defined for American Samoa, this approach could not be used to compute guidelines for that area. (gao.gov)
  • To gauge the influence of poverty in natural contexts, the researchers tested 464 sugarcane farmers in India who rely on the annual harvest for at least 60 percent of their income. (princeton.edu)
  • Persistent poverty means 20 percent or more of residents fall below the federal poverty line, as measured by four consecutive censuses. (lamonitor.com)
  • That year, 90 percent of Oregonians, including almost 80 percent of impoverished Oregonians, lived in areas where fewer than 20 percent of residents were poor. (oregonlive.com)
  • Only 10 percent of Oregonians lived in a tract the federal government considers a high-poverty area, that is, one where at least 20 percent of residents live below the federal poverty line. (oregonlive.com)
  • The effects of concentrated poverty begin to appear once neighborhood poverty rates rise above 20 percent and continue to grow as the concentration of poverty increases up to the 40 percent threshold. (kidscount.org)
  • According to Census Bureau stats released today, about 17.4 percent of people living in the Phoenix-Mesa-Glendale metropolitan area were below the poverty line in 2012, which is unchanged from 2011. (phoenixnewtimes.com)
  • The only big metro area with a higher level of poverty is the Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, California, area, where 19 percent of the people lived under the poverty line last year. (phoenixnewtimes.com)
  • Using US Census Bureau criteria, they defined high-poverty areas as zip codes where 20 percent or more of residents have incomes below the federal poverty level. (childrenshospital.org)
  • In this country, 20 percent of children live in poverty," Bona added. (childrenshospital.org)
  • Ninety-two percent of children from high-poverty areas who relapsed suffered early relapse, defined as the recurrence of disease less than 36 months after first achieving complete remission. (childrenshospital.org)
  • Among children from high-poverty areas, 85 percent survived five years or longer, compared with 92 percent of other children. (childrenshospital.org)
  • The core of the committee's congressional charge is to "identify policies and programs with the potential to help reduce child poverty and deep poverty (measured using the Supplemental Poverty Measure or SPM) by 50 percent within 10 years of the implementation of the policy approach. (nap.edu)
  • By age 4, children in families living with incomes under 200 percent of the federal poverty line have less gray matter, brain tissue critical for processing of information and execution of actions, than kids growing up in families with higher incomes. (medindia.net)
  • Troy Blanchard, Ph.D., an associate professor of sociology at Louisiana State University, in Baton Rouge, who studies health and obesity in poor rural areas, says the findings draw attention to an often-ignored aspect of the obesity and diabetes epidemics. (cnn.com)
  • But today, the rural areas farthest from the metro areas struggle under century-old burdens of limited educational opportunities and substandard infrastructure, among other challenges. (lamonitor.com)
  • Rural counties are plagued by what the U.S. Department of Agriculture calls "persistent poverty. (lamonitor.com)
  • Residents of rural areas "earn substantially less" than metro residents. (lamonitor.com)
  • Rural here, logically enough, means not metro, specifically not part of a Census Department designated metropolitan statistical area. (lamonitor.com)
  • After all, even without much of an economy, rural areas offer the blessings of culture, community attachment and social support systems. (lamonitor.com)
  • The article concludes, "For rural areas, efforts to generate jobs and economic growth are never ending. (lamonitor.com)
  • Nigeria is experiencing a serious and alarming rise in the levels of urban poverty when compared to rural poverty, so what are its characteristics? (eldis.org)
  • By gaining a deeper understanding of poverty, and the characteristics of the extreme rural poor in particular, the right policies can be put in place to reach those most in need. (fao.org)
  • WFP/IFAD Qinling Mountain Area Poverty Alleviation Project in Shaanxi and Hubei provinces of China is a six-year integrated rural development project, combining food aid and long-term loans. (wfp.org)
  • First, the concentration of rural populations on less-favored agricultural land and areas may have a direct influence on changes in poverty, and second, it may have an indirect influence through attenuating the poverty-reducing impact of income growth. (triplecrisis.com)
  • Thus, our conclusion is that, across a wide range of developing countries, as more rural people are located on remote and less-favored agricultural land, the result is a substantial attenuation of the poverty-reducing impact of overall income growth. (triplecrisis.com)
  • These results lend credence to recent concerns about the prevalence of geographical poverty traps in the rural areas of developing countries. (triplecrisis.com)
  • As the 2008 World Bank Development Report (p. 49) has pointed out, "in such a case, reducing rural poverty requires either a large-scale regional approach or assisting the exit of populations. (triplecrisis.com)
  • It may be that both strategies will be required to alleviate the problem of the concentration of rural populations on less-favored agricultural lands and remote areas, which as this paper has shown appears to be a major obstacle to the poverty-reducing effect of overall income growth in developing countries. (triplecrisis.com)
  • People living in peripheral rural areas are often considered to be prone to transport poverty and inaccessibility to activities. (rug.nl)
  • By conducting semi-structured focus group discussions in Zeeland, a rural area of the Netherlands, this paper shows that the mechanisms behind transport poverty are mediated by individual perceptions of accessibility. (rug.nl)
  • In peripheral rural areas, norms reflecting the dominance of the private car add to the negative appropriation of other transport options and shape expectations with respect to accessibility. (rug.nl)
  • The study was undertaken to investigate the contribution of livestock and poultry for income generation, employment opportunity and the alleviation of rural poverty. (umn.edu)
  • Those with money are flocking to the major cities on both coasts, while many of those that don't are fleeing to rural areas. (investmentwatchblog.com)
  • Alternatively, there are certain areas in rural America where it feels like we are in the midst of a horrifying economic depression that never seems to end. (investmentwatchblog.com)
  • Some elitists derisively refer to the rural areas between the east and west coasts as "flyover country", and they have little sympathy for the struggles of rural Americans. (investmentwatchblog.com)
  • The majority of the people in South Africa live in rural areas (Aliber et al 2005). (lrrd.org)
  • There is an increase in urban poverty as a result of an ever increasing rural to urban migration. (lrrd.org)
  • Indeed goats can play a very important role in milk supply in the rural areas provided there is proper management of goat milk production. (lrrd.org)
  • Access to a primary care physician may also prove difficult for those living in rural areas. (salud-america.org)
  • 16 found that compared to physicians who practiced in metropolitan areas, those who practiced in rural areas had higher age-specific odds of retirement. (salud-america.org)
  • 16 In addition to the lack of physicians in rural areas, 89 rural health centers across the United States have closed since 2010. (salud-america.org)
  • In rural areas, however, only 24% of people live within 10 miles of a trauma center, and 29% do not have a trauma center within 30 miles. (salud-america.org)
  • In addition, high-poverty communities were at a higher risk of facing a 30 minute or greater increased drive time due to trauma center closures in both urban and rural areas, and rural communities, which already have higher baseline drive times, had the highest risk of experiencing a significant increase in drive time compared to urban communities. (salud-america.org)
  • This paper try to utilize both economic and mathematic methods to set up an evolution index system of poverty-alleviation fund in rural area by analyzing the source, the target of investment, the operation and management of poverty alleviation. (ccsenet.org)
  • The crucial challenge is to create opportunities for young people, especially in rural areas. (dandc.eu)
  • Well-paying employment is hard to find in the fast-growing cities and even harder to find in the rural areas, where most Africans still live. (dandc.eu)
  • As populations grow, food demand grows too, however, and accordingly, rural areas may benefit from providing food to cities. (dandc.eu)
  • The key, they say, is investment in rural areas to support infrastructure and services, along with large-scale, active labour market policies. (dandc.eu)
  • Creating jobs and improving the long-term outlook for young people in rural areas is one of the goals of Germany's current G20 presidency. (dandc.eu)
  • Black youth residing in high-poverty areas have dramatically lower probabilities of surviving to age 65 if they are urban than if they are rural. (jhu.edu)
  • But by carefully addressing these potential conflicts in an open and inclusive manner, protected area authorities can forge a productive partnership with the rural poor. (agriculture-xprt.com)
  • While the soil in the area is very fertile, the rural areas around Kisoro have one of the highest malnutrition rates in the world. (ceapu.com)
  • Suddenly every "secure" area is, in rural Afghan terms, reasonably prosperous. (samefacts.com)
  • Of the 40 counties with median household income estimated to be statistically higher than $80,000, more than two-thirds were in the northeast corridor of metropolitan areas stretching from Boston to Washington, D.C. Estimated median household income among these higher-income counties ranged to nearly $120,000. (census.gov)
  • Vulnerability measures are becoming tools for evolving proactive steps to alleviate poverty. (eldis.org)
  • Thus, it is imminent to ask if PAs exacerbate or alleviate poverty. (exordo.com)
  • After more than a decade, moving from high- to low-poverty areas seems to have had little impact on economic measures such as employment and income. (cnn.com)
  • Over the past decade, Areas of Concentrated Poverty have expanded in the cities of Minneapolis and Saint Paul, as well as in the suburbs. (metrocouncil.org)
  • Nishtar further said that the government has allocated Rs 180 billion to BISP program under which countrywide poverty alleviation drive has been continued for a decade. (brecorder.com)
  • Over the course of the next decade, however, poverty rates among Latinos increased significantly, at 11% overall and 23% among children, compared to African Americans. (salud-america.org)
  • Together, we learned that 169,692 families in Lee County live below the poverty level, and that 1,006 Lee school children are considered homeless. (news-press.com)
  • Provision of Non-Formal basic Education to disadvantaged children and youth in the poor urban areas. (changemakers.com)
  • Infancy poverty in Argentina includes 40% of all children in urban areas, while 9.5% are considered to be living in indigent conditions, according to the latest Social Debt Barometer, from the Argentina Catholic University, UCA. (mercopress.com)
  • Are there more black or hispanic children in poverty in my county? (kidscount.org)
  • The Census poverty figures align with recent food insecurity data published by Feeding America and food hardship data published by the Food Research and Action Center, all of which paint the same picture: In Arizona, one in five individuals and one in four of our children struggle with hunger and poverty," the non-profit's statement says. (phoenixnewtimes.com)
  • With one in four children living in poverty not eligible for free school meals, free school meals should be extended and government should focus support on families with children. (newsguardian.co.uk)
  • Have you ever wondered what life is like for the Calgarians who live in poverty today, the children who go to school hungry or the 3,000 kids who do not complete school on time every year? (calgaryunitedway.org)
  • Pollak said that infants' brains look very similar at birth, but you start seeing the separation in brain growth between the children living in poverty and the more affluent children increase over time, which really implicates the postnatal environment. (medindia.net)
  • And more than 160 million children are at risk of continuing trend of poverty by 2030. (wikipedia.org)
  • Almost half of the US children are currently in near poverty situation. (wikipedia.org)
  • While higher parental education decreases the likelihood for a child to live in near poverty conditions, almost half of children in poverty or near poverty have a parent with at least some college education. (wikipedia.org)
  • According to the study, research shows that living in a community with a concentration of people in poverty adds burdens, particularly to low-income families. (oregonlive.com)
  • People in poverty who take Getting Ahead Workshops become investigators in their own efforts to lift their families out of poverty. (norwalkunitedfund.org)
  • The apparent improvements in health associated with low-poverty areas are comparable to the typical outcomes seen with programs that encourage healthy eating or exercise, or that provide medications to people with diabetes, says Jens Ludwig, Ph.D., the lead author of the study and a professor of social service administration, law, and public policy at the University of Chicago. (cnn.com)
  • The Education Program Area at Innovations for Poverty Action rigorously evaluates programs that aim to improve education outcomes and school attendance. (poverty-action.org)
  • Research indicates that as neighborhood poverty rates increase, undesirable outcomes rise and opportunities for success are less likely. (kidscount.org)
  • Bona and her colleagues are now undertaking further research designed to delve deeper into the relationship between socio-economic status and outcomes and to allow for the development of poverty-targeted interventions. (childrenshospital.org)
  • Poverty, maternal health, and adverse pregnancy outcomes. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Poverty magnifies this disadvantage by leading to poor health outcomes, limited decision-making power and few opportunities for women to pull themselves out of poverty. (unwomen.org)
  • Poverty and all its related concerns require so much mental energy that the poor have less remaining brainpower to devote to other areas of life, according to research based at Princeton University . (princeton.edu)
  • The number of asthma hospitalizations for residents of each area in 1992 was obtained from the Codman Research Group. (nih.gov)
  • The new research published today highlights how worrying levels of child poverty vary across Britain and shows that poverty is on the rise - and rising fastest in places where it is already highest. (familyfund.org.uk)
  • NECPC is part of the End Child Poverty Coalition and research is based on the Government's own figures. (newsguardian.co.uk)
  • approach, but more research in areas such as forecasting and credibilty is needed. (writework.com)
  • Click the Browse box to see a selection of books and journals by: Research Area, Titles A-Z, Publisher, Books only, or Journals only. (jhu.edu)
  • in particular, research on income-poverty, material hardship, and parental psychological resources (parental depressive affect and parenting behaviors) and their associations with child health. (plos.org)
  • We begin our review by examining research linking income poverty to child health, material hardship, and parental psychological resources. (plos.org)
  • In our white paper written with partners, we explore the role of energy poverty in the energy transition and, based on extensive research, make recommendations for policies to tackle it. (tno.nl)
  • Narrow your search by all research areas that apply. (urban.org)
  • Nearly 20 years ago, groundbreaking research linking a mother's educational background to her children's literacy and cognitive abilities stands out among decades of social science studies demonstrating the adverse effects of poverty. (medindia.net)
  • The study identified all categories household existed below income poverty line and the poverty gap were higher when livestock and poultry sources of income deducted. (umn.edu)
  • We examined a model of multiple mediating pathways of income poverty, material hardship, parenting factors, and child health status to understand how material hardship and parental factors mediate the effects of poverty on child health. (plos.org)
  • The baseline model included covariates and income poverty. (plos.org)
  • First, income poverty had a direct effect on health status, and an indirect effect through its association with material hardship, parental depressive affect, and parenting behaviors. (plos.org)
  • Finally, we discuss findings on the links between parental well-being and child health, and propose a causal model of the associations among income poverty, material hardship, parental psychological resources, and child health. (plos.org)
  • Our argument is that income poverty has a direct effect on material hardship, parental depressive affect, and child health, but an indirect effect on parenting behaviors. (plos.org)
  • Furthermore, we argue that material hardship, parental depressive affect and parenting behaviors will mediate the effect of income poverty on child health status. (plos.org)
  • Our intent is to understand how material hardships and parental psychological resources mediate the effect of income poverty on child health. (plos.org)
  • This Goal includes eradicating extreme poverty in the next 12 years, which will require more focused actions in addition to broad-based interventions. (fao.org)
  • People who are living under 1.9$ per day are considered to live in extreme poverty. (wikipedia.org)
  • The U.S. Census Bureau's official poverty measure compares pre-tax cash income against a threshold of three times the cost of a minimally adequate diet in 1963, adjusted for inflation. (kidsdata.org)
  • Published in the journal Science, the study presents a unique perspective regarding the causes of persistent poverty. (princeton.edu)
  • Nearly all of the orange areas are outside the urban core. (frbsf.org)
  • Pittsburg, Antioch, Vallejo, and Santa Rosa have high poverty rates but are also located in suburban areas farther from the urban core. (frbsf.org)
  • The results should be of vital interest to local policymakers in urban areas concerned about neighborhood change, as well as to state and federal policymakers with responsibility for housing, transportation and social welfare policies. (utdallas.edu)
  • This study was carried out in Agege area of Lagos State to determine conditions under which the urban poor live in order to provide information, which will help the city and state administrators, develop more positive policies and actions towards the poor. (eldis.org)
  • The report shows that in Argentine urban areas, 21.5% of under 18 were still in vulnerability situation regarding access to food, while, 17.7% lived in precarious housing. (mercopress.com)
  • But those struggles are very real, and in this article you will see that poverty and suicide rates are soaring in non-urban parts of the country. (investmentwatchblog.com)
  • Urban areas. (wikipedia.org)
  • According to Jargowsky, anecdotal evidence suggests that the strong economy of recent years probably helped to reduce the concentration of poverty. (utdallas.edu)
  • Jargowsky's book, 'Poverty and Place: Ghettos, Barrios, and the American City,' is a comprehensive examination of the concentration of poverty in U.S. metropolitan areas. (utdallas.edu)
  • RICHARDSON, Texas (June 5, 2002) - The Brookings Institution, a prominent Washington, D.C., think tank, has awarded University of Texas at Dallas (UTD) faculty member Dr. Paul A. Jargowsky a grant to produce an updated map of the distribution of poverty in metropolitan areas of the United States. (utdallas.edu)
  • In addition, the UTD team will create an interactive Web site to enable users to view the location of high-poverty areas in selected metropolitan areas and track the growth of such areas over time. (utdallas.edu)
  • Of the top 25 metropolitan areas in the county, Phoenix is second. (phoenixnewtimes.com)
  • Also available is an interactive data and mapping tool , allowing access to statistics for every county and school district by selecting the geographic area. (census.gov)
  • The poverty thresholds apply nationwide and in the insular areas, with no geographic variation, while separate poverty guidelines for Alaska and Hawaii, but not for the insular areas, have been provided since 1970. (gao.gov)
  • Census applies the same thresholds for the insular areas as it does for the 50 states, without adjustment for geographic variations in cost of living. (gao.gov)
  • HHS poverty guidelines specific to the insular areas, reflecting geographic differences in the cost of living, could be constructed by applying the rationale used for Alaska and Hawaii in 1970. (gao.gov)
  • This report presents small area poverty maps and measures for Kenya at unprecedented levels of geographic detail. (worldbank.org)
  • This enabled researchers to estimate reliable measures of well-being for very small geographic areas (divisions and locations as well as provinces and districts) using statistical simulation techniques. (worldbank.org)
  • The Council has tracked trends and geographic patterns of poverty in the Twin Cities region since 2014-in particular, concentrated poverty. (metrocouncil.org)
  • Neighborhood deprivation and preterm birth among non-Hispanic Black and White women in eight geographic areas in the United States. (semanticscholar.org)
  • This approach would not take into account any differences in consumption patterns between federal employees and insular area poor populations. (gao.gov)
  • Poverty has been historically accepted in some parts of the world as inevitable as non-industrialized economies produced very little, while populations grew almost as fast, making wealth scarce. (wikipedia.org)
  • Akinwumi Adesina, the president of the African Development Bank Group (AfDB), warns of a "disaster triangle" that is haunting his continent: poverty, youth unemployment and climate change. (dandc.eu)
  • Differences were observed among racial/ethnic groups and by poverty status, including higher coverage for HPV4 among Hispanic females compared with whites, and higher coverage among teens living in poverty compared with those living at or above the poverty level. (cdc.gov)
  • 122 women aged 25-34 are living in poverty compared to 100 men of the same age group. (wikipedia.org)
  • So why does it matter whether a person, poor or not, lives in a neighborhood or tract that has low versus high poverty? (oregonlive.com)
  • The new and detailed poverty measures presented in this report can be used to help design and implement pro-poor development strategies that are both effective and inclusive. (worldbank.org)
  • The researchers suggest that being poor may keep a person from concentrating on the very avenues that would lead them out of poverty. (princeton.edu)
  • He and Mullainathan were co-authors on a 2012 Science paper that reported a higher likelihood of poor people to engage in behaviors that reinforce the conditions of poverty, such as excessive borrowing. (princeton.edu)
  • You don't have to be poor for your life to be touched by poverty. (slate.com)
  • Still, we know that at least one-quarter of the country lives in moderately poor areas. (slate.com)
  • It experienced a large increase in non-poor people living in a high-poverty area and a humongous increase in poor people living in one. (oregonlive.com)
  • People who live in such areas face higher crime rates, poor housing conditions and fewer job opportunities. (oregonlive.com)
  • It considers in depth how and what both the authorities at different levels and poverty alleviation programmes have done for the economic development of each commune and for maintaining equity - especially in terms of supporting the poor - and what the poor think of the assistance provided to them, as well as their own problems and solutions. (iied.org)
  • Poverty has become the central concern for development agencies, and because many of the areas that are most important for conserving biodiversity are occupied by poor people, or have poor people living around them, the relationship between poverty and protected areas can no longer be ignored. (agriculture-xprt.com)
  • For example, rich nations generally employ more generous standards of poverty than poor nations. (wikipedia.org)
  • Measures, like those promoted by Henry George in his economics classic Progress and Poverty, are those that raise, or are intended to raise, ways of enabling the poor to create wealth for themselves as a conduit of ending poverty forever. (wikipedia.org)
  • Poverty alleviation also involves improving the living conditions of people who are already poor. (wikipedia.org)
  • The World Bank concludes that increasing land rights is 'the key to reducing poverty' citing that land rights greatly increase poor people's wealth, in some cases doubling it. (wikipedia.org)
  • It will be noticed that from 1959 to 1960, as the count of the poor rose, the number just above the poverty line did drop, only to climb again the following year as the poverty rolls started down. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some basic needs are fundamental for a life free from hunger and poverty. (heifer.org)
  • On the other hand, Cost of Basic Need (CBN) method, large and medium raisers existed above poverty line and marginal and small raisers existed below the expenditure poverty line. (umn.edu)
  • Worryingly three quarters of families had someone in work suggesting that low paid workers just above the poverty line were hit hard by the freeze on in work benefits. (newsguardian.co.uk)
  • Definitions of the poverty line vary considerably among nations. (wikipedia.org)
  • Poverty Line" (PDF). (wikipedia.org)
  • The classification was first studied by the U.S. Census in a 2014 report that showed the number of people living just above the poverty line had decreased since the 1960s, believed to be due to an increase in the number of people who have fallen beneath the poverty line. (wikipedia.org)
  • Most people living below poverty line live in Southern Asia and sub-Saharan Africa. (wikipedia.org)
  • Perhaps not surprisingly, the report found the highest concentrations of child poverty, overall, in the Mississippi Delta, Appalachia and on Native American reservations. (investmentwatchblog.com)
  • The Kisoro District, home of Christian Efforts Against Poverty Uganda, has the highest concentrations of poverty stricken families in Uganda. (ceapu.com)
  • The outlying villages suffer some of the highest concentrations of poverty in the world. (ceapu.com)
  • News-Press education reporter Pamela McCabe took part in a poverty simulation Monday. (news-press.com)
  • Simulation shows how families struggle with poverty News-Press education reporter Pamela McCabe took part in a poverty simulation Monday. (news-press.com)
  • K12 education reporter Pamela McCabe poses for a photo with family during a poverty simulation Monday. (news-press.com)
  • Those statistics came to life before us as we set to work on our poverty simulation. (news-press.com)
  • A Poverty Simulation will help you understand what it might be like to survive day-to-day as a low-income family. (calgaryunitedway.org)
  • Poverty Simulation! (volunteermatch.org)
  • While broadband will not solve economic problems, lacking it is a definite negative, holding back development of other principal area economic factors such as natural resources, labor force quality, local business specialization and proximity to a major highway. (lamonitor.com)
  • Concentrated poverty is known to have a negative influence on residents' economic mobility, health, and overall well-being. (metrocouncil.org)
  • For many social and economic commentators, the fact that Boteti-an area that is home to Botswana's most precious resources, diamonds-has largely remained undeveloped and impoverished is a shameful blight on Botswana's illuminating reputation as a poster child of 'diamonds for development. (sundaystandard.info)
  • The "Poverty, Insecurity, and Privilege in the Bay Area,"paper from Taking Count , describes the scope and character of economic deprivation in the Bay Area in the months before the COVID-19 outbreak. (tippingpoint.org)
  • But we also, for the first time, gauge the volatility in economic well-being that Bay Area families face. (tippingpoint.org)
  • In this trenchant attack on government mismanagement, Leo Goodstadt traces how officials have created a 'new poverty' in Hong Kong and argues that their misguided policies are both a legacy of the colonial era and a deliberate choice by modern governments, and not the result of economic crises. (jhu.edu)
  • The ministries most concerned - Social Affairs and Employment (SZW) in terms of income and poverty, Internal Affairs and Kingdom Relations (BZK) as responsible for making our country free of natural gas and Economic Affairs and Climate Policy (EZK) to make the energy transition a success - should bring those interests together. (tno.nl)
  • Poverty" is defined as an economic condition by the lack of both money and basic necessities needed to successfully live, such as food, water, utilities, and housing. (wikipedia.org)
  • Lack of income security, economic stability and the predictability of one's continued means to meet basic needs all serve as absolute indicators of poverty. (wikipedia.org)
  • Poverty may therefore also be defined as the economic condition of lacking predictable and stable means of meeting basic life needs. (wikipedia.org)
  • The dawn of the Industrial Revolution led to high economic growth, eliminating mass poverty in what is now considered the developed world. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some commentators have claimed that, due to economic liberalization, poverty in the world is rising rather than declining, and the data provided by the World Bank, echoing that poverty is decreasing, is flawed. (wikipedia.org)