City, urban, rural, or suburban areas which are characterized by severe economic deprivation and by accompanying physical and social decay.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
Revenues or receipts accruing from business enterprise, labor, or invested capital.
Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.
Size and composition of the family.
Variation in rates of disease occurrence and disabilities between population groups defined by socioeconomic characteristics such as age, ethnicity, economic resources, or gender and populations identified geographically or similar measures.
Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of the child.
A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.
Enumerations of populations usually recording identities of all persons in every place of residence with age or date of birth, sex, occupation, national origin, language, marital status, income, relation to head of household, information on the dwelling place, education, literacy, health-related data (e.g., permanent disability), etc. The census or "numbering of the people" is mentioned several times in the Old Testament. Among the Romans, censuses were intimately connected with the enumeration of troops before and after battle and probably a military necessity. (From Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 3d ed; Garrison, An Introduction to the History of Medicine, 4th ed, p66, p119)
The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.
The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.
Groups of persons whose range of options is severely limited, who are frequently subjected to COERCION in their DECISION MAKING, or who may be compromised in their ability to give INFORMED CONSENT.
Financial assistance to impoverished persons for the essentials of living through federal, state or local government programs.
The production and movement of food items from point of origin to use or consumption.
Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.
The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.
Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the black groups of Africa.
Organized institutions which provide services to ameliorate conditions of need or social pathology in the community.
The state of society as it exists or in flux. While it usually refers to society as a whole in a specified geographical or political region, it is applicable also to restricted strata of a society.
An interactive process whereby members of a community are concerned for the equality and rights of all.
The science of utilization, distribution, and consumption of services and materials.
The status of health in urban populations.
Diseases that are underfunded and have low name recognition but are major burdens in less developed countries. The World Health Organization has designated six tropical infectious diseases as being neglected in industrialized countries that are endemic in many developing countries (HELMINTHIASIS; LEPROSY; LYMPHATIC FILARIASIS; ONCHOCERCIASIS; SCHISTOSOMIASIS; and TRACHOMA).
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.
The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.
Differences in access to or availability of medical facilities and services.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Europe.
Payment by individuals or their family for health care services which are not covered by a third-party payer, either insurance or medical assistance.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.
An international organization whose members include most of the sovereign nations of the world with headquarters in New York City. The primary objectives of the organization are to maintain peace and security and to achieve international cooperation in solving international economic, social, cultural, or humanitarian problems.
A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions.
An acute or prolonged illness usually considered to be life-threatening or with the threat of serious residual disability. Treatment may be radical and is frequently costly.
A method of analyzing the variation in utilization of health care in small geographic or demographic areas. It often studies, for example, the usage rates for a given service or procedure in several small areas, documenting the variation among the areas. By comparing high- and low-use areas, the analysis attempts to determine whether there is a pattern to such use and to identify variables that are associated with and contribute to the variation.
Persons living in the United States of Mexican (MEXICAN AMERICANS), Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, or other Spanish culture or origin. The concept does not include Brazilian Americans or Portuguese Americans.
Groups of individuals whose putative ancestry is from native continental populations based on similarities in physical appearance.
The aggregate of social and cultural institutions, forms, patterns, and processes that influence the life of an individual or community.
A voluntary contract between two or more dentists who may or may not share responsibility for the care of patients, with proportional sharing of profits and losses.
The amounts spent by individuals, groups, nations, or private or public organizations for total health care and/or its various components. These amounts may or may not be equivalent to the actual costs (HEALTH CARE COSTS) and may or may not be shared among the patient, insurers, and/or employers.
A group of people with a common cultural heritage that sets them apart from others in a variety of social relationships.
Living facilities for humans.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
A social science dealing with group relationships, patterns of collective behavior, and social organization.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Individuals or groups with no or inadequate health insurance coverage. Those falling into this category usually comprise three primary groups: the medically indigent (MEDICAL INDIGENCY); those whose clinical condition makes them medically uninsurable; and the working uninsured.
A severe gangrenous process occurring predominantly in debilitated and malnourished children, especially in underdeveloped countries. It typically begins as a small vesicle or ulcer on the gingiva that rapidly becomes necrotic and spreads to produce extensive destruction of the buccal and labial mucosa and tissues of the face, which may result in severe disfigurement and even death. Various bacteria have been implicated in the etiology. (Dorland, 27th ed)
All of Africa except Northern Africa (AFRICA, NORTHERN).
The study of the social determinants and social effects of health and disease, and of the social structure of medical institutions or professions.
The legal relation between an entity (individual, group, corporation, or-profit, secular, government) and an object. The object may be corporeal, such as equipment, or completely a creature of law, such as a patent; it may be movable, such as an animal, or immovable, such as a building.
An infant during the first month after birth.
The status of health in rural populations.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
The absence of certain expected and acceptable cultural phenomena in the environment which results in the failure of the individual to communicate and respond in the most appropriate manner within the context of society. Language acquisition and language use are commonly used in assessing this concept.
The Christian faith, practice, or system of the Catholic Church, specifically the Roman Catholic, the Christian church that is characterized by a hierarchic structure of bishops and priests in which doctrinal and disciplinary authority are dependent upon apostolic succession, with the pope as head of the episcopal college. (From Webster, 3d ed; American Heritage Dictionary, 2d college ed)
The measurement of the health status for a given population using a variety of indices, including morbidity, mortality, and available health resources.
The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.
Insurance providing coverage of medical, surgical, or hospital care in general or for which there is no specific heading.
Continuous sequential changes which occur in the physiological and psychological functions during the life-time of an individual.
Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.
The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)
Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.
Situations affecting a significant number of people, that are believed to be sources of difficulty or threaten the stability of the community, and that require programs of amelioration.
The protection, preservation, restoration, and rational use of all resources in the total environment.
The state of being engaged in an activity or service for wages or salary.
Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.
The state of not being engaged in a gainful occupation.
A republic in eastern Africa, south of ETHIOPIA, west of SOMALIA with TANZANIA to its south, and coastline on the Indian Ocean. Its capital is Nairobi.
Planning that has the goals of improving health, improving accessibility to health services, and promoting efficiency in the provision of services and resources on a comprehensive basis for a whole community. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988, p299)
Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.
Female parents, human or animal.
Acquisition of knowledge as a result of instruction in a formal course of study.
Biological adaptation, such as the rise of EPINEPHRINE in response to exercise, stress or perceived danger, followed by a fall of epinephrine during RELAXATION. Allostasis is the achievement of stability by turning on and turning off the allostatic systems including the IMMUNE SYSTEM; the AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYSTEM and NEUROENDOCRINE SYSTEMS.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Africa.
An imbalanced nutritional status resulted from insufficient intake of nutrients to meet normal physiological requirement.
Organized services to provide health care for children.
Healthy People Programs are a set of health objectives to be used by governments, communities, professional organizations, and others to help develop programs to improve health. It builds on initiatives pursued over the past two decades beginning with the 1979 Surgeon General's Report, Healthy People, Healthy People 2000: National Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Objectives, and Healthy People 2010. These established national health objectives and served as the basis for the development of state and community plans. These are administered by the Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (ODPHP). Similar programs are conducted by other national governments.
The branch of medicine concerned with diseases, mainly of parasitic origin, common in tropical and subtropical regions.
Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of the mother.
A natural, adoptive, or substitute parent of a dependent child, who lives with only one parent. The single parent may live with or visit the child. The concept includes the never-married, as well as the divorced and widowed.
A republic in southern Africa, the southernmost part of Africa. It has three capitals: Pretoria (administrative), Cape Town (legislative), and Bloemfontein (judicial). Officially the Republic of South Africa since 1960, it was called the Union of South Africa 1910-1960.
Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.
All deaths reported in a given population.
The desire for FOOD generated by a sensation arising from the lack of food in the STOMACH.
A geographical area of the United States with no definite boundaries but comprising northeastern Alabama, northwestern Georgia, northwestern South Carolina, western North Carolina, eastern Kentucky, eastern Tennessee, western Virginia, West Virginia, western Maryland, southwestern Pennsylvania, southern Ohio, and southern New York.
A province of eastern Canada. Its capital is Quebec. The region belonged to France from 1627 to 1763 when it was lost to the British. The name is from the Algonquian quilibek meaning the place where waters narrow, referring to the gradually narrowing channel of the St. Lawrence or to the narrows of the river at Cape Diamond. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p993 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p440)
The process of leaving one's country to establish residence in a foreign country.
The geographic area of Latin America in general and when the specific country or countries are not indicated. It usually includes Central America, South America, Mexico, and the islands of the Caribbean.
The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.
A social group consisting of parents or parent substitutes and children.
Health services required by a population or community as well as the health services that the population or community is able and willing to pay for.
The planned upgrading of a deteriorating urban area, involving rebuilding, renovation, or restoration. It frequently refers to programs of major demolition and rebuilding of blighted areas.
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
Child who has lost both parents through death or desertion.
Number of deaths of children between one year of age to 12 years of age in a given population.
Postnatal deaths from BIRTH to 365 days after birth in a given population. Postneonatal mortality represents deaths between 28 days and 365 days after birth (as defined by National Center for Health Statistics). Neonatal mortality represents deaths from birth to 27 days after birth.
A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.
Children with mental or physical disabilities that interfere with usual activities of daily living and that may require accommodation or intervention.
The development and establishment of environmental conditions favorable to the health of the public.
The area that lies between continental North and South America and comprises the Caribbean Sea, the West Indies, and the adjacent mainland regions of southern Mexico, Central America, Colombia, and Venezuela.
Individual or group aggressive behavior which is socially non-acceptable, turbulent, and often destructive. It is precipitated by frustrations, hostility, prejudices, etc.
Disorders caused by nutritional imbalance, either overnutrition or undernutrition, occurring in children ages 2 to 12 years.
Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.
Generally refers to the amount of protection available and the kind of loss which would be paid for under an insurance contract with an insurer. (Slee & Slee, Health Care Terms, 2d ed)
Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.
A republic in southern Africa, east of ZAMBIA and BOTSWANA and west of MOZAMBIQUE. Its capital is Harare. It was formerly called Rhodesia and Southern Rhodesia.
Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.
Social welfare organizations with programs designed to assist individuals in need.
A preconceived judgment made without factual basis.
A violation of the criminal law, i.e., a breach of the conduct code specifically sanctioned by the state, which through its administrative agencies prosecutes offenders and imposes and administers punishments. The concept includes unacceptable actions whether prosecuted or going unpunished.
The continuous sequential physiological and psychological maturing of an individual from birth up to but not including ADOLESCENCE.
The relating of causes to the effects they produce. Causes are termed necessary when they must always precede an effect and sufficient when they initiate or produce an effect. Any of several factors may be associated with the potential disease causation or outcome, including predisposing factors, enabling factors, precipitating factors, reinforcing factors, and risk factors.
Food or financial assistance for food given to those in need.
The rights of the individual to cultural, social, economic, and educational opportunities as provided by society, e.g., right to work, right to education, and right to social security.
The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.
People who leave their place of residence in one country and settle in a different country.
Performing the role of a parent by care-giving, nurturance, and protection of the child by a natural or substitute parent. The parent supports the child by exercising authority and through consistent, empathic, appropriate behavior in response to the child's needs. PARENTING differs from CHILD REARING in that in child rearing the emphasis is on the act of training or bringing up the children and the interaction between the parent and child, while parenting emphasizes the responsibility and qualities of exemplary behavior of the parent.
A subgroup having special characteristics within a larger group, often bound together by special ties which distinguish it from the larger group.
The process whereby a society changes from a rural to an urban way of life. It refers also to the gradual increase in the proportion of people living in urban areas.
Federal program, created by Public Law 89-97, Title XIX, a 1965 amendment to the Social Security Act, administered by the states, that provides health care benefits to indigent and medically indigent persons.
Amounts charged to the patient as payer for health care services.
The interchange of goods or commodities, especially on a large scale, between different countries or between populations within the same country. It includes trade (the buying, selling, or exchanging of commodities, whether wholesale or retail) and business (the purchase and sale of goods to make a profit). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, p411, p2005 & p283)
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.
It is the study of social phenomena which characterize the learned, shared, and transmitted social activities of particular ethnic groups with focus on the causes, consequences, and complexities of human social and cultural variability.
Those funds disbursed for facilities and equipment, particularly those related to the delivery of health care.
Significant decline in economic activity spread across the economy, lasting more than a few months, normally visible in real gross domestic product, real income, employment, industrial production, and wholesale-retail sales. (National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc,, accessed 4/23/2009)
The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
The area of a nation's economy that is tax-supported and under government control.
The science of controlling or modifying those conditions, influences, or forces surrounding man which relate to promoting, establishing, and maintaining health.
State of the body in relation to the consumption and utilization of nutrients.
Statistical measures of utilization and other aspects of the provision of health care services including hospitalization and ambulatory care.
Organized groups serving in advisory capacities related to health planning activities.
Countries that have reached a level of economic achievement through an increase of production, per capita income and consumption, and utilization of natural and human resources.
Interactional process combining investigation, discussion, and agreement by a number of people in the preparation and carrying out of a program to ameliorate conditions of need or social pathology in the community. It usually involves the action of a formal political, legal, or recognized voluntary body.
The geographic area of the southeastern region of the United States in general or when the specific state or states are not included. The states usually included in this region are Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, West Virginia, and Virginia.
Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Computer systems capable of assembling, storing, manipulating, and displaying geographically referenced information, i.e. data identified according to their locations.
The obtaining and management of funds for institutional needs and responsibility for fiscal affairs.
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to the nutritional status of a human population within a given geographic area. Data from these surveys are used in preparing NUTRITION ASSESSMENTS.
Support systems that provide assistance and encouragement to individuals with physical or emotional disabilities in order that they may better cope. Informal social support is usually provided by friends, relatives, or peers, while formal assistance is provided by churches, groups, etc.
Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
Criteria to determine eligibility of patients for medical care programs and services.
Housing subsidized by tax funds, usually intended for low income persons or families.
Pregnancy in human adolescent females under the age of 19.
Any group of three or more full-time dentists, organized in a legally recognized entity for the provision of dental care, sharing space, equipment, personnel and records for both patient care and business management, and who have a predetermined arrangement for the distribution of income.
Facilities provided for human excretion, often with accompanying handwashing facilities.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
Social process whereby the values, attitudes, or institutions of society, such as education, family, religion, and industry become modified. It includes both the natural process and action programs initiated by members of the community.
Services for the diagnosis and treatment of disease and the maintenance of health.
The quality or state of relating to or affecting two or more nations. (After Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)
Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.
Those occurrences, including social, psychological, and environmental, which require an adjustment or effect a change in an individual's pattern of living.
Preferentially rated health-related activities or functions to be used in establishing health planning goals. This may refer specifically to PL93-641.
Any type of research that employs nonnumeric information to explore individual or group characteristics, producing findings not arrived at by statistical procedures or other quantitative means. (Qualitative Inquiry: A Dictionary of Terms Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1997)
All organized methods of funding.
The science dealing with the establishment and maintenance of health in the individual and the group. It includes the conditions and practices conducive to health. (Webster, 3d ed)
The statistical manipulation of hierarchically and non-hierarchically nested data. It includes clustered data, such as a sample of subjects within a group of schools. Prevalent in the social, behavioral sciences, and biomedical sciences, both linear and nonlinear regression models are applied.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
A collective expression for all behavior patterns acquired and socially transmitted through symbols. Culture includes customs, traditions, and language.
The circumstances in which people are born, grow up, live, work, and age, as well as the systems put in place to deal with illness. These circumstances are in turn shaped by a wider set of forces: economics, social policies, and politics (
Human females as cultural, psychological, sociological, political, and economic entities.
Diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive health services provided for individuals in the community.
Federal, state, or local government organized methods of financial assistance.
The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
The absence of appropriate stimuli in the physical or social environment which are necessary for the emotional, social, and intellectual development of the individual.
The systematic surveying, mapping, charting, and description of specific geographical sites, with reference to the physical features that were presumed to influence health and disease. Medical topography should be differentiated from EPIDEMIOLOGY in that the former emphasizes geography whereas the latter emphasizes disease outbreaks.
The social institution involving legal and/or religious sanction whereby individuals are joined together.
Differential treatment or unequal access to opportunities, based on group membership such as origin or ethnicity.
Medical services for which no payment is received. Uncompensated care includes charity care and bad debts.
A philosophically coherent set of propositions (for example, utilitarianism) which attempts to provide general norms for the guidance and evaluation of moral conduct. (from Beauchamp and Childress, Principles of Biomedical Ethics, 4th ed)
Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.
An acquired defect of cellular immunity associated with infection by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), a CD4-positive T-lymphocyte count under 200 cells/microliter or less than 14% of total lymphocytes, and increased susceptibility to opportunistic infections and malignant neoplasms. Clinical manifestations also include emaciation (wasting) and dementia. These elements reflect criteria for AIDS as defined by the CDC in 1993.
Prepared food that is ready to eat or partially prepared food that has a final preparation time of a few minutes or less.
A geographic area defined and served by a health program or institution.
Any substances taken in by the body that provide nourishment.
The condition in which individuals are financially unable to access adequate medical care without depriving themselves and their dependents of food, clothing, shelter, and other essentials of living.
The state wherein the person is well adjusted.

Economic determinants and dietary consequences of food insecurity in the United States. (1/4330)

This paper reviews recent research on the economic determinants and dietary consequences of food insecurity and hunger in the United States. The new Current Population Study (CPS) food insecurity and hunger measure shows that hunger rates decline sharply with rising incomes. Despite this strong relationship, confirmed in other national datasets, a one-to-one correspondence between poverty-level incomes and hunger does not exist. In 1995, 13.1% of those in poverty experienced hunger and half of those experiencing hunger had incomes above the poverty level. Panel data indicate that those who are often food insufficient are much more likely than food-sufficient households to have experienced recent events that stress household budgets, such as losing a job, gaining a household member or losing food stamps. Cross-sectional work also demonstrates the importance of food stamps because benefit levels are inversely related to food insufficiency. Concern for the dietary consequences of domestic food insufficiency is well placed; recent research shows that the odds of consuming intakes <50% of the recommended dietary allowance (RDA) are higher for adult women and elderly individuals from food-insufficient households. Preschoolers from food-insufficient households do not consume significantly lower amounts than those from food-sufficient households, but mean intakes for the rest of members in those very same households are significantly lower for the food insufficient. This research highlights the importance of food insecurity and hunger indicators, further validates the use of self-reported measures and points to areas of need for future research and interventions.  (+info)

Food insecurity: consequences for the household and broader social implications. (2/4330)

A conceptual framework showing the household and social implications of food insecurity was elicited from a qualitative and quantitative study of 98 households from a heterogeneous low income population of Quebec city and rural surroundings; the study was designed to increase understanding of the experience of food insecurity in order to contribute to its prevention. According to the respondents' description, the experience of food insecurity is characterized by two categories of manifestations, i.e., the core characteristics of the phenomenon and a related set of actions and reactions by the household. This second category of manifestations is considered here as a first level of consequences of food insecurity. These consequences at the household level often interact with the larger environment to which the household belongs. On a chronic basis, the resulting interactions have certain implications that are tentatively labeled "social implications" in this paper. Their examination suggests that important aspects of human development depend on food security. It also raises questions concerning the nature of socially acceptable practices of food acquisition and food management, and how such acceptability can be assessed. Guidelines to that effect are proposed. Findings underline the relevance and urgency of working toward the realization of the right to food.  (+info)

Predicting longitudinal growth curves of height and weight using ecological factors for children with and without early growth deficiency. (3/4330)

Growth curve models were used to examine the effect of genetic and ecological factors on changes in height and weight of 225 children from low income, urban families who were assessed up to eight times in the first 6 y of life. Children with early growth deficiency [failure to thrive (FTT)] (n = 127) and a community sample of children without growth deficiency (n = 98) were examined to evaluate how genetic, child and family characteristics influenced growth. Children of taller and heavier parents, who were recruited at younger ages and did not have a history of growth deficiency, had accelerated growth from recruitment through age 6 y. In addition, increases in height were associated with better health, less difficult temperament, nurturant mothers and female gender; increases in weight were associated with better health. Children with a history of growth deficiency demonstrated slower rates of growth than children in the community group without a history of growth deficiency. In the community group, changes in children's height and weight were related to maternal perceptions of health and temperament and maternal nurturance during feeding, whereas in the FTT group, maternal perceptions and behavior were not in synchrony with children's growth. These findings suggest that, in addition to genetic factors, growth is dependent on a nurturant and sensitive caregiving system. Interventions to promote growth should consider child and family characteristics, including maternal perceptions of children's health and temperament and maternal mealtime behavior.  (+info)

Influence of prenatal iron and zinc supplements on supplemental iron absorption, red blood cell iron incorporation, and iron status in pregnant Peruvian women. (4/4330)

BACKGROUND: It is estimated that 60% of pregnant women worldwide are anemic. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to examine the influence of iron status on iron absorption during pregnancy by measuring supplemental iron absorption, red blood cell iron incorporation, and iron status in pregnant women. DESIGN: Subjects were 45 pregnant Peruvian women (33+/-1 wk gestation), of whom 28 received daily prenatal supplements containing 60 mg Fe and 250 microg folate without (Fe group, n = 14) or with (Fe+Zn group, n = 14) 15 mg Zn, which were were consumed from week 10 to 24 of gestation until delivery. The remaining 17 women (control) received no prenatal supplementation. Iron status indicators and isotopes were measured in maternal blood collected 2 wk postdosing with oral (57Fe) and intravenous (58Fe) stable iron isotopes. RESULTS: Maternal serum ferritin and folate concentrations were significantly influenced by supplementation (P < 0.05). Serum iron was also significantly higher in the Fe than in the Fe+Zn (P < 0.03) or control (P < 0.001) groups. However, the supplemented groups had significantly lower serum zinc concentrations than the control group (8.4+/-2.3 and 10.9+/-1.8 micromol/L, respectively, P < 0.01). Although percentage iron absorption was inversely related to maternal serum ferritin concentrations (P = 0.036), this effect was limited and percentage iron absorption did not differ significantly between groups. CONCLUSIONS: Because absorption of nonheme iron was not substantially greater in pregnant women with depleted iron reserves, prenatal iron supplementation is important for meeting iron requirements during pregnancy.  (+info)

Geography of intestinal permeability and absorption. (5/4330)

BACKGROUND: Intestinal morphology and function vary geographically. AIMS: These functions were assessed in asymptomatic volunteers in European, North American, Middle Eastern, Asian, African, and Caribbean countries. METHODS: Five hour urine collections were obtained from each subject following ingestion of a 100 ml iso-osmolar test solution containing 3-0-methyl-D-glucose, D-xylose, L-rhamnose, and lactulose after an overnight fast, to assess active (3-0-methyl-D-glucose) and passive (D-xylose) carrier mediated, and non-mediated (L-rhamnose) absorption capacity, as well as intestinal permeability (lactulose:rhamnose ratio). RESULTS: A comparison of results for subjects from tropical countries (n=218) with those resident in the combined temperate and subtropical region (Europe, United States, Qatar) (n=224) showed significant differences. Residents in tropical areas had a higher mean lactulose:rhamnose ratio and lower mean five hour recoveries of 3-0-methyl-D-glucose, D-xylose, and L-rhamnose, indicating higher intestinal permeability and lower absorptive capacity. Investigation of visiting residents suggested that differences in intestinal permeability and absorptive capacity were related to the area of residence. Subjects from Texas and Qatar, although comprised of several ethnic groups and resident in a subtropical area, showed no significant difference from European subjects. CONCLUSIONS: There are clearly demarcated variations in intestinal permeability and absorptive capacity affecting asymptomatic residents of different geographical areas which correspond with the condition described as tropical enteropathy. Results suggest the importance of environmental factors. The parameters investigated may be relevant to the predisposition of the indigenous population and travellers to diarrhoeal illness and malnutrition. Intestinal function in patients from the tropics may be difficult to interpret, but should take into account the range of values found in the asymptomatic normal population.  (+info)

Prevalence and social correlates of cardiovascular disease risk factors in Harlem. (6/4330)

OBJECTIVES: This study examined the prevalence, social correlates, and clustering of cardiovascular disease risk factors in a predominantly Black, poor, urban community. METHODS: Associations of risk factor prevalences with sociodemographic variables were examined in a population-based sample of 695 men and women aged 18 to 65 years living in Central Harlem. RESULTS: One third of the men and women were hypertensive, 48% of the men and 41% of the women were smokers, 25% of the men and 49% of the women were overweight, and 23% of the men and 35% of the women reported no leisure-time physical activity over the past month. More than 80% of the men and women had at least 1 of these risk factors, and 9% of the men and 19% of the women had 3 or more risk factors. Income and education were inversely related to hypertension, smoking, and physical inactivity. Having 3 or more risk factors was associated with low income and low education (extreme odds ratio [OR] = 10.2, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 3.0, 34.5 for education; OR = 3.7, CI = 1.6, 8.9 for income) and with a history of unstable work or of homelessness. CONCLUSIONS: Disadvantaged, urban communities are at high risk for cardiovascular disease. These results highlight the importance of socioenvironmental factors in shaping cardiovascular risk.  (+info)

Efficacy of Haemophilus influenzae type b conjugate vaccines and persistence of disease in disadvantaged populations. The Haemophilus Influenzae Study Group. (7/4330)

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) conjugate vaccines among children aged 2 to 18 months and to determine risk factors for invasive Hib disease during a period of declining incidence (1991-1994). METHODS: A prospective population-based case-control study was conducted in a multistate US population of 15.5 million. A laboratory-based active surveillance system was used for case detection. RESULTS: In a multivariate analysis, having a single-parent mother (odds ratio [OR] = 4.3, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.2, 14.8) and household crowding (OR = 3.5, 95% CI = 1.03, 11.7) were risk factors for Hib disease independent of vaccination status. After adjustment for these risk factors, the protective efficacy of 2 or more Hib vaccine doses was 86% (95% CI = 16%, 98%). Among undervaccinated subjects, living with a smoker (P = .02) and several indicators of lower socioeconomic status were risk factors for Hib disease. CONCLUSIONS: Hib disease still occurs at low levels in the United States, predominantly in socioeconomically disadvantaged populations. Low immunization coverage may facilitate continuing transmission of Hib. Special efforts to achieve complete and timely immunization in disadvantaged populations are needed.  (+info)

Abbreviated measures of food sufficiency validly estimate the food security level of poor households: measuring household food security. (8/4330)

This study was designed to develop an abbreviated method that captures both the qualitative and quantitative dimensions of household food security (HFS). Women in poor and very poor households (n = 238) in a peri-urban barrio in Caracas, Venezuela, provided data on food availability and their perception of food resource constraints and hunger experiences within the home. Socioeconomic data and food-related behavior that may predict HFS levels were gathered. On average, the top 12 food contributors of energy provided 81% and predicted more than 90% of the variation in households' total energy availability using stepwise regression analysis. On the other hand, a 4-point 12-item scale was shown to have face, content and construct validity with reiterative testing, factor analysis and a Chronbach's alpha coefficient of 0.92. Assessing predictors of energy availability together with a self-perceived HFS scale may provide a valid and reliable method for identifying and monitoring food security levels among poor urban households.  (+info)

Big data technology has been developed rapidly in recent years. The performance improvement mechanism of targeted poverty alleviation is studied through the big data technology to further promote the comprehensive application of big data technology in poverty alleviation and development. Using the data mining knowledge to accurately identify the poor population under the framework of big data, compared with the traditional identification method, it is obviously more accurate and persuasive, which is also helpful to find out the real causes of poverty and assist the poor residents in the future. In the current targeted poverty alleviation work, the identification of poor households and the matching of assistance measures are mainly through the visiting of village cadres and the establishment of documents. Traditional methods are time-consuming, laborious, and difficult to manage. It always omits lots of useful family information. Therefore, new technologies need to be introduced to realize intelligent
Looking for poverty trap? Find out information about poverty trap. the situation where a slight increase in earnings leads to an individual or family being worse off overall as a consequence of losing entitlement to other... Explanation of poverty trap
Chinese President Xi Jinping (C back) gives a speech while presiding over a symposium on poverty relief in Taiyuan, capital of north Chinas Shanxi Province, June 23, 2017. (Xinhua/Pang Xinglei). TAIYUAN, June 24 (Xinhua) -- Chinese President Xi Jinping has called on enhanced efforts and precise measures to eradicate extreme poverty.. Xi, also general secretary of the Communist Party of China Central Committee, made the remarks when presiding over a symposium on poverty relief Friday in northern Chinas Shanxi Province.. It must be ensured that areas and people stricken by extreme poverty enter a moderately prosperous society along with the rest of the nation, Xi said. ...
Zhao Jiangtao, person in charge of the Press Center for the Celebration of the 70th Anniversary of the Founding of the Peoples Republic of China: Ladies and gentlemen, media friends, good morning. Welcome to the third press conference held in the press center. The theme of this conference is rural revitalization and poverty alleviation. Since the founding of the Peoples Republic of China in 1949, substantial developments have been achieved in the work related to agriculture and rural areas. Remarkable achievements have been recorded, indeed. The Chinese people have risen up and become rich. With the continuous progress of poverty alleviation, we are getting closer to completing the task of building a moderately prosperous society in all aspects.. Today, we are delighted to invite Mr. Han Changfu, director of the Office of the Central Rural Work Leading Group and minister of agriculture and rural affairs, and Mr. Liu Yongfu, director of the Office of State Council Leading Group of Poverty ...
More sub-Saharan Africans are living in extreme poverty now than in 1990, said a major United Nations report Monday, warning the region will miss most of its development goals. The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), set in 2000, strive to halve extreme poverty and hunger in the world by 2015.
Education: Children living in extreme poverty often lack access to the most fundamental elements of education. There may be a school house, but there are no books or school supplies. Or the teacher is barely literate. Not only does a lack of education make it extremely difficult for a child to escape extreme poverty, but it can also do the same for many adults. Many poor adults living in remote locations speak a regional language or dialect that is not understood by others in their country, making it difficult for them to trade their goods with those outside the village or district. Economic Development: For every 100 people in the United States who want to work, more than 96 currently have a job. How did we come to have it so good? In part, because we have near universal literacy and most workers can do simple arithmetic. We have dozens of banks and credit unions willing to lend money at low rates. We have a well-developed distribution system that gets food from the farm to the local market ...
Would you say that over the past three decades (since about the mid-1980s) the percentage of people in the world who live in extreme poverty - previously defined as living on less than $1.25 per day - has:. A) Increased. B) Decreased. C) remained the same. The right answer is B: extreme poverty has decreased by more than half during that time period. Yet according to a Barna Group survey taken in 2014, more than eight in 10 Americans (84 percent) were unaware global poverty has reduced so drastically, and more than two-thirds (67 percent) said they thought global poverty had risen.. Additionally, more than two-thirds of US adults (68 percent) said they dont believe its possible to end extreme global poverty within the next 25 years. One exception to this pessimism was practicing Christians. Defined by Barna as people who have attended a church service in the past month and say their religious faith is very important in their life, practicing Christians under 40 are the most optimistic at ...
We updated the data for youth literacy (female, male and total), extreme poverty (,1.25 US$/day) and annual population growth! There seem to be some backward revisions in the extreme poverty data. See the latest changes in the Gapminder World.. ...
Downloadable! This paper aims to present another explanation for poverty traps, by the presence of hazardous event probability. We show that adaptation and mitigation policies have different effects on the occurrence of poverty traps : the former could cause a poverty trap while the latter could save from the trap since it decreases the abrupt event probability. As a result, we present a new trade-off between adaptation and mitigation policy other than the usual dynamic trade-off highlighted in many studies (Zemel (2015), Tsur and Zemel (2015)), which is crucial for developing countries. Our simulation results show that a trapped economy adopts an aggressive exploitation policy with higher abrupt event risk while the economy at high equilibrium becomes more precautionary. We also show that when the economy faces a higher risk, the ratio between adaptation and mitigation increases.
Title: Poverty alleviation and social disadvantage , Author: Arora, Sonia (Lawyer), ISBN: 9788176117685, , 8176117684, Category: Books, Full Title: Poverty alleviation and social disadvantage /, Publisher: Jaipur : RBSA Publishers,
Health,...Low-income African-American high school students with asthma who parti...The results of the study appear in the first issue for May 2007 of the...Christine L. M. Joseph M.P.H Ph.D. Senior Staff Epidemiologist for ...The web-based program which the researchers call Puff City tried to ...,Web-based,asthma,program,dramatically,improves,disease,management,for,low-income,black,students,medicine,medical news today,latest medical news,medical newsletters,current medical news,latest medicine news
The Toronto Poverty Reduction Strategy is the City of Torontos long-term strategy to address immediate needs, create pathways to prosperity, and drive systemic change for those living in poverty in the City. The Toronto Poverty Reduction Strategy contains 17 recommendations to be achieved by 2035. Every four years, the Poverty Reduction Strategy releases a refreshed Action […]
One of the things that the President has been fighting endlessly is poverty. This is why he set up the Presidential Initiative on Poverty and Hunger. The Poverty Alleviation Department (PAD) in State House was established in 2000 as a clearing house for pledges made by President Yoweri Museveni. In 2003, the department was mandated to develop wealth creation models. The department has so far designed more than 12 initiatives aimed at increasing productivity and value addition.. A model parish is an innovation evolved by the President to demonstrate how systematically a high concentration of projects in a model parish can be used to tackle poverty and speed up rural transformation.. PAD works in tandem with other government anti-poverty initiatives. The programme aims at enhancing or supplementing the five pillars of the Poverty Alleviation Programme (PAP) and the Prosperity For All programme, especially the element that calls for the creation of Savings and Credit Cooperative Societies ...
Hospitals and other health care providers say it is an essential tool in ensuring access to care, and to prescription drugs, for their low-income patients.. Pharmaceutical companies say it has expanded beyond its original purpose and is being used by hospitals to pad their profits.. Members of Congress are divided: some are supportive and some are skeptical.. The section 340B program that requires drug companies to provide discounts to selected hospitals and other providers that serve large numbers of low-income patients has been the subject of controversy in recent years. During that time, the administration has generally sided with hospitals and maintained the program.. That support was tempered recently when the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services proposed a 28 percent cut in Medicare payments to hospitals for drugs provided to low-income patients through the 340B program. Hospital industry groups responded by suing the federal government and will have their day in court later this ...
Background: This article reports on a study that explored the impact of diarrhoea in babies on the quality of life of low-income households. Diarrhoeal diseases continue to be an important cause of illness and death worldwide. One major cause of infantile diarrhoea is the rotavirus, an airborne virus to which almost all children in both the developing and developed world will be exposed to at least once. The study, as well as the clinical trials and cost studies, was commissioned by GlaxoSmithKline to assist in the decision-making processes regarding whether and how to implement a newly developed vaccine against rotavirus through national immunisation programmes. The objective of the study was to obtain a comprehensive understanding of the impact of severe diarrhoea in babies on the quality of life of a selected group of low-income households. Methods: The study was qualitative, explorative and descriptive in nature. A recently developed quality of life (QoL) assessment instrument, based on a
Rural Health Promotion and Poverty Alleviation Initiative (RUHEPAI) is a registered Non Governmental Organization (S.5914/5624) operating in rural communities of Uganda to promote sustainable approaches to poverty alleviation, proper land use and management, environmental conservation, food security attainment, water, hygiene and sanitation, sexual reproductive health and HIV/AIDS.
Child Poverty in London includes a number of maps of the data. These include three static maps created with QGIS (showing child poverty in 2008, 2013 and the changes in child poverty 2008-2013), an OpenLayers map (showing the changes in child poverty rates), and a Leaflet map which allows you to view the 2008 & 2013 child poverty rates and also view the changes in child poverty 2008-2013 ...
DFID, NERC and ESRC are seeking to commission an independent external Mid-Term Review (MTR) of the Ecosystem Services for Poverty Alleviation (ESPA) Programme. The Review is being managed by the ESRC on behalf of the funders.. ESPA is a seven-year £40.5 million investment. It aims to deliver high-quality, cutting-edge research that will improve understanding of the way ecosystems function, the services they provide and their relationship with the political economy and sustainable growth. ESPAs research will provide the evidence and tools to enable decision-makers to manage ecosystems sustainably and in a way that contributes to poverty alleviation.. ...
Thursday, December 10, 2015. The Microcredit Summit Campaign released its 17th annual survey of the global microfinance industry December 9th at the Inclusive Finance India Summit held in New Delhi, India. Campaign Director Larry Reed featured the publication, Mapping Pathways out of Poverty: The State of the Microcredit Summit Campaign Report, 2015, in his presentation on Wednesday to attendees of Indias premier financial inclusion conference.. According to the report, the global microfinance community reached 211 million borrowers in 2013, 114 million of whom were living in extreme poverty (households living on less than $1.90 per day, PPP). While the microfinance community provided loans to the most clients since the Microcredit Summit Campaign began tracking this number in 1997, the number of poorest clients fell for the third straight year.. The report underscores that the challenge microfinance faces in realizing its original goal - to alleviate poverty by providing quality microfinance ...
WASHINGTON (AP) - The nations poverty rate remained stuck at a record level last year, while household income dropped and the number of people who dont have health insurance declined. A Census Bureau report released Wednesday provided a mixed picture of the economic well-being of U.S. households for 2011 as the nation enters the final phase of a presidential election campaign in which the economy is the No. 1 issue. The overall poverty rate stood at 15 percent, statistically unchanged from the 15.1 percent rate in the previous year. Experts had expected a rise in the poverty rate for the fourth straight year, but unemployment benefits and modest job gains helped stave that off, the bureau reported. For last year, the official poverty line was an annual income of $23,021 for a family of four. While unemployment eased slightly from 2010 to 2011, the gap between rich and poor increased. The median, or midpoint, household income was $50,054, 1.5 percent lower than 2010 and a second straight
Schaffer, M. A. (1993). The influence of partner relationship and social supports on the prenatal health behaviors of low income women. Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Minnesota, 1993 ...
Data & statistics on Population Poverty Rates by Sex of Household Head and Residence: Poverty Indices according to Region of Residence, Gender, Sector of Employment, Education Level, and Mode of Living of Head of Household (1990, 1996), Disaggregates rural poverty rates across Malawis three regions. Poverty rates in the rural south have historically been highest, while those in the north are lowest. The relative disadvantage of southerners relates in part to land constraints in the face of high population density: the 2008 Population Census puts the population density in the south at 184 persons per square kilometer compared to only ..., Descriptive statistics of variables Variable District-level Access to services Distance from Accra Distance from regional capital Agro-ecological zone Forest Coastal Ethnic fractionalization Share of rural population Population density (log) Literacy rate Headcount ratio Poverty gap Per capita total expenditures (log) Per capita capital expenditures (log) Internal
Solar projects implemented to serve low-income communities that provide direct electricity bill benefits to low-income community ratepayers are now eligible under the CEIPs low-income projects. This should be seen as a great opportunity by EPA and community advocates to ramp up programs to deliver solar-generating capacity to low-income communities. In addition, doing so aligns the CEIP with the White Houses Clean Energy Savings for All initiative to increase access to solar energy for low- and moderate-income communities. This initiative includes a goal of 1 gigawatt (GW) of solar to low- and moderate- income families by 2020, the launch of the Department of Energys National Community Solar Partnership to help unlock solar access for renters, and the promotion of shared solar policies and programs across the country. The CEIP would help advance these goals.. EPA also seeks comment on the proposed 50 percent/50 percent division of the 300-million short ton of emissions matching pool into ...
In 1999, one in four British children lived in poverty-the third highest child poverty rate among industrialized countries. Five years later, the child poverty rate in Britain had fallen by more than half in absolute terms. How did the British government accomplish this and what can the United States learn from the British experience? Jane Waldfogel offers a sharp analysis of the New Labour governments anti-poverty agenda, its dramatic early success and eventual stalled progress. Comparing Britains anti-poverty initiative to U.S. welfare reform, the book shows how the policies of both countries have affected child poverty, living standards, and well-being in low-income families and suggests next steps for future reforms. Britains War on Poverty evaluates the three-pronged anti-poverty strategy employed by the British government and what these efforts accomplished. British reforms sought to promote work and make work pay, to increase financial support for families with children, and to invest ...
Data & statistics on changes over time in uk poverty rates: Changes over time in UK poverty rates, Changes in poverty over time in UK, Poverty rates over time, Great Britain, 1994/5 to 2004/05...
This pamphlet excerpts a chapter on macroeconomic policy from the Poverty Reduction Policy Source book, a guide prepared by the World Bank and IMF to assist countries in developing and strengthening their poverty reduction strategies. It probes the relationship between macroeconomic policy matters, such as growth and inflation, and the fight against poverty, and explains how sound monetary and fiscal policies-key tools of the macroeconomist-can help to spur growth and ease poverty.
Consistency in Supplemental Poverty Measurement: Adding Imputed In‐Kind Benefits to Thresholds and Impact on Poverty Rates for the United States
All the included articles were published in the last ten years. Twelve were performed in high-income countries (11 in Europe 32,33,34,35,36,37,38,39, 40,42,43 and one in New Zealand 41) and one in China 26. Three British articles 33,36,37 used data from the same cohort; two Finnish articles 34,35 likewise analyzed the same cohort; and two Spanish articles 38,39 used data from the same cross-sectional study, evaluating the outcome differently (continuous or categorical variable) or in distinct moments of life. Thus, the 13 articles refer to nine different studies.. Five articles were based on four studies with a cross-sectional design, which collected information on socioeconomic status retrospectively during interviews with individuals 60 years or older 26,38,39,42,43. The other articles were based on five studies with prospective longitudinal designs 32,33,34,35,36,37,40,41. Two Finnish cohorts 32,34,35 and the New Zealand cohort 41 evaluated young adults (24-39 years), while in the British ...
All the included articles were published in the last ten years. Twelve were performed in high-income countries (11 in Europe 32,33,34,35,36,37,38,39, 40,42,43 and one in New Zealand 41) and one in China 26. Three British articles 33,36,37 used data from the same cohort; two Finnish articles 34,35 likewise analyzed the same cohort; and two Spanish articles 38,39 used data from the same cross-sectional study, evaluating the outcome differently (continuous or categorical variable) or in distinct moments of life. Thus, the 13 articles refer to nine different studies.. Five articles were based on four studies with a cross-sectional design, which collected information on socioeconomic status retrospectively during interviews with individuals 60 years or older 26,38,39,42,43. The other articles were based on five studies with prospective longitudinal designs 32,33,34,35,36,37,40,41. Two Finnish cohorts 32,34,35 and the New Zealand cohort 41 evaluated young adults (24-39 years), while in the British ...
Now you see it, now you dont. Steve Bell sums up the governments plans to scrap child poverty targets. Instead of measuring and acting on child poverty, they just want to measure how many children have parents who are out of work and how well they do at their GCSEs.. Reducing child poverty is one of the first duties of any government. And ending child poverty starts with counting it - without tracking whether child poverty is going up or down, the government cant draw up a proper plan to do so. Instead of scrapping targets to end poverty, they should be working hard to meet them.. Sign the petition to tell the government #AllKidsCount. ...
Laurence Chandy examines two competing visions for how extreme poverty can be eradicated. While one focuses on unlocking the potential for rapid and broad-based development through the economic transformation of poor countries, the other advocates the establishment of a global social safety net.
There are no silver bullets in the fight against extreme poverty, but cash transfers have shown themselves to be a powerful weapon in the arsenal, explains John McArthur.
The project seeks to relieve 30 child labourers mothers in Badvel Block of their extreme poverty and hungers through Goat Rearing Programme enabling them send their children to schools thereby reduce the child labour issue.
Its no surprise that growing up in poverty makes it more likely youll be poorer as an adult.. But new research shows that the earliest years of life are the most critical in determining future earnings. Even more strikingly, a growing body of research shows that childhood poverty causes lasting changes in the brain - from its overall structure down to the level of gene expression.. These findings highlight the importance of programs that specifically address the needs of the youngest children, the researchers say.. Early experiences are built into our bodies, for better or worse, says Professor Jack Shonkoff of Harvard University, speaking at a meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science in San Diego.. If you begin with the experience of adversity and stress, those get translated into changes in brain function and structure that get translated into changes in cellular and neuronal connections, and most recently, down into lasting changes in how the DNA is expressed, ...
This post is part of a series on childhood poverty in the United States in partnership with Save the Children and Julianne Moore. Moore leads the or...
Downloadable! Micro simulated general equilibrium approach was used to analyze the economic significance of the current export promotion policy of Ethiopia. Simulation results, in general, indicated little achievements of economic growth and poverty reduction under selective export promotion. In this policy approach, only rural households were able to acquire higher income and lower poverty incidence. These achievements however were transmitted to small and big urban households when export promotion was assumed to be implemented across the board of all agricultural activities. Significant economic and inter-industrial growths were attained when the coffee industry was given equal policy treatments like other export agriculture
Jim Yong Kim called for a global drive to wipe out extreme poverty by 2030, acknowledging that reaching the goal will require extraordinary efforts.
49 year-old Josphat Mokami Maroa lives in Nyangiti, Kenya. Anyone who has met him knows to never mistake his soft-spokenness for timidity. Even from the rhythm of his gait, you sense a palpable determination.. Josphat is surrounded by the fruits of his labor: nine healthy children all in school living among three rooms on three arable acres of land. His wife Robi also runs a small shop, in addition to their honey farm and vegetable garden. Josphat has always worked hard; but he can recall season after season when long hours of planting maize, cassava and sorghum didnt yield enough to provide for his wife and then small children. They even lost a six-month old son in 1997. Josphat said of his four decades in extreme poverty, We had little hope for improvement.. In 2009, Josphat enrolled in a Nuru farming group and received an agriculture loan. Other Nuru members elected him as their chairperson. He eventually joined Nuru Kenya staff and serves today as an Agriculture Field Manager. Here was ...
Join the movement to end extreme poverty worldwide by 2030 by tackling such issues as education, clean water, gender equality, maternal health and renewable energy. Take on what you want to change. #takeon #endpoverty
How can you buy and contribute to the UN Millennium goal to end extreme poverty? Listen to Peter Young, founder of Buying2Give and an Australian with a mission to end poverty.. ...
The progress in achieving the target set for the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) continues to be diverse across goals and regions. The goals aim at actualizing a universal standard of being free from grinding poverty, being educated and healthy and having ready access to clean water and sanitation. While progress has lagged for education and health related MDGs, the proportion of people living in extreme poverty has indeed fallen. To accelerate further progress in the latter, development strategies have to attempt to increase not only the rate of growth but also the share of income going to the poorest section of the population along the rural-urban continuum. Economic projections for developing countries prepared by the World Bank state that approximately 970 million people will continue in 2015 to live below $1.25 a day. This would be equivalent to 15.5% of the population in the developing world. Herein, the pertinent challenge of reducing extreme poverty through creation of new income
In Canada, low-income hospital patients under palliative care are less likely to receive medical assistance in dying compared to those who are high...
What evidence is there to support President Reagans contention that we lost the War on Poverty? If we take a careful look at the statistical data compiled by the U.S. Census Bureau, we find ample evidence that the incidence of poverty remains disturbingly large, both as a percentage of the population and in absolute numbers. To document the point, we will have to struggle through a few paragraphs of statistical data, but the numbers are important if we are to state the case correctly.. The Census Bureau reported in August 2005 that the poverty rate in 2004 had actually increased since 2003, up to 12.7 percent in 2004 from 12.5 percent in 2003. This translated into an additional 1.1 million people in poverty, with some 37 million Americans living in poverty in 2004. The progress eliminating poverty in the forty years since Lyndon Johnson declared war on poverty is negligible. In 1964 the Census Bureau estimated that 19 percent of the U.S. population lived in poverty, approximately 36 million ...
He recalled one woman who had been through the system 11 times due to an unresolved dental problem, receiving antibiotics and painkillers each time until she started having problems bordering on addiction because of the painkillers.. The woman was referred to the dental clinic at Swedish and had one tooth extracted, Gibbon said. That solved all of this repetition of going to the ER and the primary care physician over and over, he said. The high utilization was reduced, and the addiction cycle that was starting was ended.. Oral surgeon Dr. Amy Winston, one of the founding members of the Swedish Community Specialty Clinic and dental director at Swedish Hospital, said the beauty of the Swedish clinic model is that no one physician or dentist has to commit too much volunteer time to the work because it is divided among so many people.. She also praised Swedish for treating the whole patient and not trying to compartmentalize its health services into a narrow niche.. Swedish has a bigger ...
Many ask whether our findings in Britain would generalize to low-income children and to other outcomes, such as education, in the United States. Unfortunately, we think they may. Robert Crosnoe recently tested how thousands of low-income children across the United States fared when they attended schools with students with similar versus different socioeconomic status. He found that low-income students did worse in math and science, and also reported more psychosocial problems, when they attended schools that had higher proportion of students from middle- and high-income families. Low-income minority children were the most negatively affected in this study.. Of course, without an experimental study, it is impossible to say that exposure to more affluent neighbors or peers caused low-income children to do worse in these settings. The Moving to Opportunity (MTO) Study tried to overcome this problem by randomly assigning housing vouchers to move families out of high poverty ...
Diabetes case management that takes a patient s specific culture into consideration can help increase life expectancy and decrease the incidence of diabetes-related complications
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies. ...
ObjectiveTo evaluate progress in timely vaccination coverage associated with low-income households.DesignThe US National Immunization Survey.ParticipantsChildre
This Economic Information Bulletin describes characteristics of low-income households that had very low food security in 2005. The U.S. Department of Agriculture monitors the food security of low-income households to assess how effectively the Governments domestic nutrition assistance programs meet the needs of their target populations. USDA seeks to reduce the prevalence of very low food security among low-income households as part of its strategic plan under the Government Performance and Results Act (GPRA). Nord, Mark
The Dispensary of Hope, a growing not-for-profit network, is helping low-income patients get the necessary medications they are not able to afford on their own. Approximately 1,000 medical practices across the country are donating drug samples to Dispensary of Hope that they would normally destroy. The drugs that these medical practices would destroy but send to the Dispensary of Hope are valued at tens of millions of dollars. The Dispensary of Hope is a 30-location medication dispensary system. The network consists of prescription drug contributors, collection and distribution sites, and dispensing medical centers that help patients who do not have insurance coverage and with income levels below 200% of the federal poverty guidelines.. For more information and to see if there is a dispensary near you, please visit the Dispensary of Hope website at ...
The 2014 Kids County data book was released this month - evaluating the well being of children in each state. Today, WFHB news director Alycin Beketsh speaks with Indiana Youth Institute President and CEO Bill Stanczykiewicz about Indianas childhood poverty rate for todays community report.. Links ...
Summary:. This paper presents a Joint Staff Advisory Note on the Republic of Armenias Second Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP). Armenias poverty and extreme poverty rates declined in 2006 to 26.5 percent and 4.1 percent of the population, respectively-results which surpassed PRSP-1 projections. Inequality also decreased to a rate below the PRSP-1 goal, as measured by a reduction in the Gini coefficient from 0.395 in 2004 to 0.369 in 2006. Prudent fiscal and monetary policies were instrumental in maintaining macroeconomic stability and contributing to poverty reduction.. ...
Some 15.7 per cent of people in Jordan live in extreme poverty, according to the latest survey conducted by the government.. In a press conference, Prime Minister Omar Al-Razzaz said today that the poverty rate was at 14.4 per cent in 2010, up from 13.3 per cent 2008. Unofficial estimates place the poverty rate at 20 per cent in 2016.. Absolute poverty takes in to account all those living on less than $1 a day, according to the World Bank.. A survey on household income and expenditures 2017-2018 issued by the Department of Statistics revealed earlier that there were one million poor people out of 7.1 million Jordanians in the kingdom. There are nearly 10 million people living in Jordan including approximately 1.5 million Syrian refugees.. PM: Jordan seeks to borrow $1bn from World Bank to cover debt ...
By Sandra Morgen, Joan Acker & Jill Weigt. Using ethnographic observations, in-depth interviews with poor families, and welfare workers, tracks survey data of more than 750 families and documentary evidence over two years and suggests how welfare policy in the US can be changed to better address the needs of poor families and the nation, questioning the validity of claims that welfare reform has been a success by showing how poor families, welfare workers, and welfare administrators experienced and assessed welfare reform differently based on gender, race, class, and their varying positions of power and control within the welfare state. Read more.. ...
The story of child poverty in Canada is very much an urban story. One out of every 10 children living in urban areas was poor in 2010, compared to one in 20 children living in non-urban areas. Three-quarters (or 76 per cent) of all poor children in Canada lived in one of the urban centres shown in the chart above.*. Child poverty isnt a question of jobs: the cities with worst child poverty only had middle-of-the-pack unemployment rates (out of the 19 cities, St. Johns, N.L. was 8th highest and Vancouver, B.C. was 11th highest). Similarly, the cities with the lowest unemployment rates in 2010 (Regina and Quebec) did not score particularly well in terms of child poverty. This is why its so important to talk about the living wage in Vancouver and wages in general.. St. Johns in Newfoundland had the highest child poverty rate of all Canadian cities (15.8 per cent or one in every 6 children). Vancouver saw the second-highest child poverty at 13.8 per cent. Kitchener-Cambridge-Waterloo and ...
Define poverty line. poverty line synonyms, poverty line pronunciation, poverty line translation, English dictionary definition of poverty line. Noun 1. poverty line - a level of personal income defining the state of poverty poverty level personal income - the income received by a single individual...
With extreme poverty on the rise amid the COVID-19 pandemic for the first time in more than two decades, senior officials briefing the Security Council today called for redoubled efforts to break the vicious cycle of poverty, fragility and conflict still devastating many nations.. Briefing the 15-member Council, United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres emphasized that, even before the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, the global conflict landscape was deteriorating. Conflicts have become more complex, fuelled by greater regionalization, the proliferation of non-State armed groups and their links to criminal and extremist interests. According to the World Bank Fragility and Conflict Report, one of every five people in the Middle East and North Africa lives in close proximity to a major conflict. Humanitarian needs have multiplied, reaching the highest levels since the Second World War and the number of people at risk of starvation has doubled.. Warning that such trends have put many ...
Senior Research Associate Florencia Gutierrez believes Missouri should increase its resources for poor families.. Across the board in children living in high poverty areas and children whose parents lack secure employment, we found an 11% increase, said Gutierrez. Since the 2008 recession, the unemployment rate has consistently declined. We assumed with that decline we would see a decline in the child poverty rate. That hasnt been the case.. Some of the positive trends included the teen birth rate declining by 39%, fewer teens are abusing alcohol and drugs and the number of teens not graduating from high school on time is at a record low in Missouri.. We know that at a national level, there has been large investments in education and prevention campaigns when it comes to teen pregnancy and abuse of alcohol and drugs among teens. Weve also seen a large push from the federal government around education to set regulations and to hold states accountable for the drop out crisis that we saw in ...
|p|Year Up, a non-profit organization headquartered in Boston, was founded by a former software entrepreneur in 2000 to provide a year of training and work experience to urban young adults ages 18 to 24. It has been able to develop a network of program sites across the country without the constraints imposed by public funding. Initial results from a small-scale impact study conducted by Mobility demonstrate that Year Up students experience remarkable earnings gains after a year in the labor market, compared to a control group. These gains were achieved during one of the worst economic recessions in recent memory, a recession that hit young people particularly April 2011 A Promising Start Year Ups Initial Impacts on Low-Income Young Adults Careers Anne Roder Mark Elliott economic mobility corporation 1 A Promising Start Year Ups Initial Impacts on Low-Income Young Adults Careers hard. Also, the Year Up experience does not deter young people from pursuing further education-program participants are
Over the last two decades, Ethiopia has registered fast economic growth which has led to significant national poverty reduction. However, there were significant differences in the pace and nature of poverty reduction across Ethiopias regions, according to...
Get this from a library! Mali : poverty reduction strategy paper-progress report.. -- This paper reviews Maliâ??s 2012â??2017 Poverty Reduction and Growth Strategy Paper. Maliâ??s GDP was CFAF 1,741.89 billion in 2012; real growth was?1.2 percent, that is, excluding inflation (2.7 ...
Note: Updates to this data product are discontinued. Over 1 in 4 rural children are living in families that are poor, according to the official poverty measure, up from 1 in 5 in 1999, but this change was uneven across the rural landscape. Counties with high vulnerability to child poverty, those with both low young adult education levels and high proportions of children in single-parent families, were generally the most hard-hit by the recession of the past decade and experienced substantial increases in their already high child poverty rates. Along with the recession, an increase in rural children in single-parent households, continuing from the 1990s, was a major contributor to the rise in child poverty after 2000. Three factors that shape the geography of high and increasing rural child poverty are explored below: economic conditions, young adult education levels, and family structure. This collection of maps complements the July 2015 Amber Waves feature, Understanding the Geography of Growth in
Indeed, the report found that half of all people living in absolute poverty in the worlds 35 poorest countries - most of them in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia - are 12 years old or less.. Children should not be cruelly condemned to a life without hope, without good education, and without access to quality health care. We must do better for them, the Banks president, Jim Yong Kim, said at a press conference here on the eve of the annual meetings here of the Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF).. Later this week, Kim will host a special event with Malala Yousafzai, who was awarded the European Parliaments Sakharov Prize Thursday and is considered a favourite for winning the 2013 Nobel Peace Prize. He said the 16-year-old Pakistani school girl and education activist was a powerful symbol of hope for the 400 million children who remain in extreme poverty.. She would not be denied, he said in a reference to her continuing fight for girls education before and after the 2012 ...
A task force formed by Kansas Gov. Sam Brownback is preparing to open discussions about finding ways to reduce childhood poverty.
This statistic describes the prevalence of extreme poverty in the least developed countries in the Arab region from 1990 to 2012.
Childrens Health Insurance Program (CHIP): accomplishments, challenges, and policy recommendations. Providing care for children and adolescents facing homelessness and housing insecurity. 65% report that poverty has a high negative impact on childrenâ s mental health. One in five children receive food stamps, Census Bureau reports. Development of a tool to identify poverty in a family practice setting: a pilot study. When unmet basic needs and poverty-associated risks are identified, pediatricians can refer families to appropriate community services and public programs. Poverty and other adverse social determinants have a detrimental effect on child health and are root causes of child health inequity in the United States. Healthy Steps for Young Children: sustained results at 5.5 years. 1. 4. Consequences of Poverty on Child Health . Therefore, the income supports and direct benefits provided by these government programs have cut family poverty almost in half, from an estimated 31% to ...
Rebecca Santiago, R.N., doesnt stop her work as a community health nurse navigator at Saint Francis Cares Curtis D. Robinson Center for Health Equity just because its the weekend. Sunday mornings will find her in the Hartford, Conn., area at a church, mosque, barber shop or beauty salon, reaching out to people who need medical care but dont know how to access it. She may be taking someones blood pressure or drawing blood for a prostate cancer screening. And when those tests turn up problems, . . .
In this grim honorless age of evil greedy Trump, there is yet some great good in the world. Yale College (1973) and University of Connecticut School of Medicine (1977) graduate Charles Halasz, MD, has just been awarded Americares Free Clinics prestigious 2018 Dr. Patch Adams Award for over 20 years of distinguished community service to low-income patients with no insurance or not eligible for government support. Dr. Halasz is a Norwalk, Connecticut dermatologist, who is also board-certified in internal medicine. Dr. Halasz is also Assistant Clinical Professor of Dermatology at Columbia Univristys College of Physicians & Surgeons in New York City. The Dr. Patch Adams award was presented as part of the Fairfield County Medical Association (FCMA) Physician Extraordinaire Award Ceremony October 25. Dr. Halaszs low-income patients, over 200 each year for over 20 years, are typically refugees from foreign countries and continents such as Nepal, the former Yugoslavia, Central America, and South ...
This project was a mixed-method, multi-level study of low income families of children with special needs and the system which served them, focusing primarily on child care, employment, and balancing work and family. This approach included an analysis of existing national and state-level data sets, statewide surveys of parents and child care providers, and a field study to look at these issues at the local level in three selected communities in the state of Maine: Portland, Lewiston/Auburn, and Presque Isle. While the primary focus was on access to child care, this project also looked at the related issues of welfare reform, the impact of work force participation on having a child with special needs, and the issue of coordination of early intervention services with the child care system. The goal was to understand better the issues facing low income families with special needs children across the programs and policies affecting their employment, access to child care, and meeting the special needs ...
TY - UNPB. T1 - Household trajectories in rural Ethiopia - what can a mixed method approach tell us about the impact of poverty on children?. AU - Camfield, Laura. AU - Roelen, Keetie. PY - 2011. Y1 - 2011. N2 - The paper explores the dynamics of child and household poverty in rural Ethiopia using three rounds of household survey and qualitative data collected by Young Lives, a longitudinal study of child poverty. It uses a mixed-method taxonomy of poverty (Roelen and Camfield 2011) to classify children and their households into four groups: ultra-poor, poor, near-poor and non-poor. Survey and qualitative data are then used to analyse the movements in and out of poverty and explore the factors that underpin these movements. The use of mixed methods in both the identification of the poor and analysis of their mobility illustrates that the combined use of qualitative and quantitative information can lead to deeper insights and understandings. The paper reports a reduction in the percentage of poor ...
This paper evaluates the health impact of a signature initiative of the War on Poverty: the roll out of the modern Food Stamp Program (FSP) during the 1960s and early 1970s. Using variation in the month the FSP began operating in each U.S. county, we find that pregnancies exposed to the FSP three months prior to birth yielded deliveries with increased birth weight, with the largest gains at the lowest birth weights. These impacts are evident with difference-in-difference models and event study analyses. Estimated impacts are robust to inclusion of county fixed effects, time fixed effects, measures of other federal transfer spending, state by year fixed effects, and county-specific linear time trends. We also find that the FSP rollout leads to small, but statistically insignificant, improvements in neonatal infant mortality. We conclude that the sizeable increase in income from Food Stamp benefits improved birth outcomes for both whites and African Americans, with larger impacts for births to ...
Abstract: African Americans suffer disproportionately from higher rates of diet related chronic diseases compared with Caucasians. The purpose of this project was to design and implement a nutrition education intervention to reduce cardiovascular disease risk factors among low-income, African American caretakers of young children. Study participants were low-income, African American residents of Guilford County, NC, and primary meal preparers and caretakers of a child less than 12 years of age. Participants (N=14) were recruited from community agencies (Guilford County WIC; Department of Social Services) and through a church with a high African American population. Participants received nutrition education classes that addressed barriers to healthy behaviors. Pre and post tests were given to assess changes in nutrition knowledge, attitudes, and self-efficacy regarding dietary behavior. Overall, pre and post test results indicated a significant increase in nutrition knowledge, self reported ...
BEIJING, April 19 (Xinhua) -- The Political Bureau of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee on Friday held a meeting to discuss the current economic situation, poverty alleviation work in 2018, and a regulation on CPC publicity work.. Xi Jinping, general secretary of the CPC Central Committee, presided over the meeting.. Chinas economy maintained stable operation in the first quarter, with better-than-expected growth rate setting a good start for the year, according to a statement released after the meeting.. However, the economy is faced with many issues and difficulties, as tensions in the external environment tend to rise while downward pressure on the domestic economy remains, the statement said.. The issues are partly due to cyclical factors, but to a larger degree they have deeper structural and institutional roots, and must be tackled with unwavering efforts and sustained patience, the statement said.. The meeting stressed the need to consolidate general economic and ...
Over the past two decades, poverty alleviation efforts have shifted from a focus on foreign aid and building technical capacity to orchestrating new market opportunities. This new approach involves finding ways to connect businesses operating in urban centres with beneficiaries living in rural settings. Such connections may involve the sourcing of agricultural products (e.g. organic grains, coffee) or animal by-products (e.g. honey, milk) from rural producers, as well as the selling of innovative products to rural consumers (e.g. crop insurance, tele-health services, mobile banking).
This workshop was organised to provide a space for Rwanda based conservation and development organisations to share their experiences of linking conservation (and particularly great ape conservation) and poverty alleviation, reflecting on what has worked, what hasnt and why; understand the framework for conservation and development policies in Rwanda; identify what changes are needed (from specific practices to national policies) in order to maximise conservation-poverty linkages; and develop practical proposals for how these changes might be brought about, and what role a group of conservation and development organisations in Rwanda could play (for example through information exchange, learning and joint action).. This publication is an output of the Poverty and Conservation Learning Group (PCLG) - Event Report, 2016. ...
Almost 9 percent of low-income mothers with young children experienced a major depressive episode in the past year. Even though depression is one of the most treatable mental illnesses, more than one-third of these women received no treatment. Untreated parental depression poses risks for childrens cognitive, social, emotional, and behavioral development. It also raises the
The Detroit Dental Health Project (DDHP)aims to promote oral health and reduce disparities within the community of low-income African-American children (0-5 years) and their main caregivers (14+ years), living in the City of Detroit. The driving theme of the Project is to identify determinants and design interventions to answer the following question: why do some low-income African-American children and their main caregivers have better oral health than others who live in the same community? The Project has 3 support cores, 4 research core projects and 1 pilot study. The Project has selected a multistage random sample of African-American families living in the poorest 39 Census Tracts in the City of Detroit. A total of 1,022 families were recruited and interviewed at a community center in Detroit during the year 2 (2002). We have collected data about the social characteristics of parents, families, and neighborhoods that are associated with disparities in oral health; lead levels in saliva and ...
New Thinking on Poverty in the UK Any Lessons for the South? Aid and aid management New Thinking on Poverty in the UK Any Lessons for the South?
The deputy chairman of the Planning Commission, Montek Singh Ahluwalia told reporters Tuesday that the poverty line was meant to reflect conditions of absolute poverty in the country.. This poverty line is not the line that we think a person can comfortably survive… the poverty line has been identified as a rock-bottom, bare subsistence kind of line, he said.. Indias poverty line measurements are significantly lower than those used by international organisations like the World Bank, which assesses poverty according to the percentage of people who live on less than $1.25 a day.. The figures from the Planning Commission, an influential government body that formulates national five-year economic plans, suggested overall poverty levels fell from 37.2 percent in 2004-05 to 29.8 percent in 2009-10.. The statistics mean about 360 million Indians now live in poverty, according to the Planning Commission.. The data is used to determine access to welfare benefits for Indias 1.2 billion population. ...
Extreme poverty is a multidimensional phenomenon. It is not just a lack of sufficient income; it involves many other factors too. Many international organisations still measure poverty based exclusively on income, such as the World Banks $1.90 a day definition. These approaches fail to capture the complexity of extreme poverty and its wide-ranging impact on human rights. According to UNDPs Human Development Report 2019, over 1.3 billion people are living in multidimensional poverty, when measured by the Multidimensional Poverty Index. ...
The Australian tax-transfer system targets those in need and, as a consequence, is prone to poverty traps, areas where higher private income leads to very little gain in disposable income, and high effective marginal tax rates (EMTRs) in general. This can severely impact on peoples ability to work their way out of poverty. Particularly acute disincentives face people in subsidised state rental housing. This paper examines available evidence on the EMTR problem, then looks at various incremental solutions before considering more radical solutions such as the negative income tax (NIT).. ... From May 7th-11th, thousands of Australians will be living on a day to raise money and awareness to combat extreme poverty. Participants challenge themselves to experience what it is like to face extreme poverty, and raise money from sponsors to support overseas development. Head to to sign up or make a donation. We ran a competition asking LBLers to submit videos of their tips to (1), how to survive on a day, or (2), raise funds. This video is made from their entries.. Tags: 2, 2012, 720, aid, australia, below, challenge, Charitable, charity, community, CSA, dollar, Extreme Poverty, fundraising, HD, human, LBL, Line, live, live below the line, meal plan, nonprofit, oaktree, Oaktree Foundation, Organization, outreach, poverty, rights, the, video competition, web. ...
The impact of poverty on rural youth by Wayne L. Larson; 1 edition; First published in 1969; Subjects: Attitudes, Economic conditions, High school students, Rural poor, Social conditions
This paper evaluates the existing evidence of how and to what extent capture fisheries and aquaculture contribute to food security and poverty reduction. In doing so the authors evaluate the quality and scientific rigor of that evidence, identify the key conclusions that emerge from the literature, and assess whether these conclusions are consistent across the sources.
In the context of the Country Programme of Cooperation between the Government of Viet Nam and UNICEF 2006-2010, the Ministry of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs (MOLISA) has coordinated the process of developing a new approach to child poverty for Viet Nam. Among the key outputs of this ongoing process are the child poverty rate and child poverty index presented in the present report.. The present report was prepared by Dr. Chris de Neubourgh, Dr. Franciska Gassman, and Keetie Roelen of the Graduate School of Governance, University of Maastricht, the Netherlands. It is the result of a multi-year process, involving extensive technical consultations and inputs from all relevant ministries including the Ministry of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs, Ministry of Planning and Investment, Ministry of Health, Ministry of Education ...
Residents of low-poverty neighborhoods are more likely to have savings and to have higher total savings than those in high-poverty neighborhoods. The savings discrepancy is especially notable among low-income households: Fifty-nine percent of low-income families living in low-poverty neighborhoods have money they consider to be savings, and 54 percent have at least $1,000 in liquid assets, compared with just 35 percent and 28 percent, respectively, among residents with the same income who reside in high-poverty areas. Even when controlling for household income, net worth, homeownership, race, age cohort, household composition, and presence of children, families living in high-poverty communities have lower savings than those living in low-poverty neighborhoods.. ...
Considerable evidence has highlighted the heightened susceptibility of developmental delay in children from low-income homes; consequently, this study explored whether environmental toxicant exposure may be a contributing factor to disruption in language and cognitive development for children reared in poverty. Using a sample of 190 low-income mothers and their young children, mothers completed questionnaires on toxicant exposure in the home environment. Exposure to toxicants, especially pesticides, was reported by about 20% of mothers at or around pregnancy, and 30% when their children were between 1 and 2 years of age. Toxicant exposure was significantly associated with lags in language and cognition even when controlling for socioeconomic factors. Study findings highlight the importance of the American Academy of Pediatrics policy statements arguing for pediatricians to take a strong anticipatory guidance role in counseling parents to limit chemical exposure in the home and engage in safe ...
We at UNICEF believe that no child should have their chances limited by poverty. One step ahead for measuring and reporting child poverty- institutional approach organized by UNICEF Albania and INSTAT in partnership with Observatory for Children and Youth Rights brought together national and international experts to discuss about new tools and approaches to measure and report multidimensional child poverty and how to make the data relevant for policy discussions.. If child poverty and deprivation is prioritized and informs policies and programmes, change can happen. First step is to understand who and where are the poor children? What are the different measures of poverty and deprivation that children in Albania are facing? said Edina Kozma, Deputy Representative in Albania.. UNICEF Albania is working with INSTAT in producing child deprivation data according to the EUROSTAT child deprivation module, a new method of measuring child poverty included in the EU- SILC survey. Thanks to this ...
The Social Planning Council of Cambridge and North Dumfries (SPC) held its third annual Poverty Symposium as part of DIRECTIONS DAY on June 12, 2008. The importance and purpose of the 2008 symposium was to engage community groups in ideas and solutions around poverty reduction, to raise awareness of local and national poverty initiatives and to find and utilize a forum for community collaboration.. The SPC welcomed Peggy Matchim and Aisling Gogan, from Newfoundland and Labrador, to speak on the provinces Poverty Reduction Strategy. Aisling outlined the provincial Poverty Reduction Strategy while discussing the developmental process and how community partners were involved. Peggy focused on the community perspective and highlighted the successes and challenges of multi-sector collaboration in St. Johns. Also discussed were meaningful methods used to engage citizens and community reflections on the provinces Poverty Reduction Strategy.. Following the keynote speakers, there were four workshops ...
High unemployment rates continue to hinder poverty reduction efforts in Africa, says new report released this week, stressing that African countries must give priority to diversifying their economies to create decent jobs to boost social development.
The Title X program was created nearly 50 years ago to ensure low-income Americans can afford birth control and other reproductive healthcare. Each year, the Title X program provides 4 million low-income patients with affordable birth control, STD testing, cancer screenings and more. In fact, 60% of women get their usual medical care from a Title X-supported healthcare center. In Maine, 23,800 low-income people receive Title X services every year, the large majority of which are women seeking birth control. Independent providers around the country, like MFP, serve a crucial role in making this healthcare available and affordable to women and families.. Plaintiff(s): The Family Planning Association of Maine d/b/a Maine Family Planning Center Attorney(s): Emily Nestler. Co-Counsel/Cooperating Attorneys: Emily Ullman and Jennifer Saperstein with Covington & Burling LLP; Richard OMeara with Murray Plumb & Murray. Summary:. We filed our complaint in federal district court on March 6, 2019 and filed ...
Summary:. The first Annual Progress Report (APR) of Togo highlights many of the reforms implemented during the first year of the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) while recognizing some weaknesses and implementation constraints. It draws attention to important advances in macrocritical structural reforms, notably in the areas of public financial management; fiscal governance; domestic arrears clearance to private suppliers; and banking sector restructuring. It also presents a macroeconomic framework consistent with the one agreed under the fifth Extended Credit Facility (ECF) review mission. It is recommended that the next APR should elaborate more on the macroeconomic challenges and risks.. ...
In October 2016, the U.S. Southern Poverty Law Center accused Nawaz of being an "anti-Muslim extremist". In June 2018, the SPLC ... "Southern Poverty Law Center Must Pay $3.3 Million After Falsely Naming Anti-Muslim Extremists". Law & Crime. Archived from the ... 2016: Dispute with Southern Poverty Law Center[edit]. .mw-parser-output .hatnote{font-style:italic}.mw-parser-output div. ...
If the level is sufficient to meet a person's basic needs (i.e., at or above the poverty line), it is sometimes called a full ... Basic income, health and poverty[edit]. The first comprehensive systematic review of the health impact of basic income (or ... In his 1964 State of the Union address, U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson introduced legislation to fight the "war on poverty". ... Milton Friedman, world famous economist, supported UBI by reasoning that it would help to reduce poverty. He said: "The virtue ...
Poverty. There is a correlation between poverty and civil war, but the causality (which causes the other) is unclear.[23] Some ... Djankov, Simeon; Reynal‐Querol, Marta (2010). "Poverty and Civil War: Revisiting the Evidence". Review of Economics and ... It is the strength of a nation's institutionalization and good governance-not the presence of democracy nor the poverty level- ... "poverty-which marks financially & bureaucratically weak states and also favors rebel recruitment-political instability, rough ...
Poverty and education policy[edit]. Critics say the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation has overlooked the links between poverty ... One of the foundation's goals is to lower poverty by increasing the number of college graduates in the United States, and the ... They contend that the Gates Foundation should be embracing anti-poverty and living wage policies rather than pursuing untested ... As a result, its investments include companies that have been criticized for worsening poverty in the same developing countries ...
Poverty reduction. Basic income is often argued for by its advocates because of its potential to reduce poverty, or even ... Paul Vallée, a Canadian tech-entrepreneur and CEO of Pythian argues that automation is at least as likely to increase poverty ... The minimum income, the idea to eradicate poverty by targeting the poor, is in contradiction with basic income given "to all", ... Charles M.A. Clark estimates that the United States could support a Basic Income large enough to eliminate poverty and continue ...
Poverty[edit]. The Hotel Empress at 235 East Hastings was built in 1912-1913. Like many SROs in the DTES, it was originally ... The area, one of the city's oldest, is notable for its levels of drug use, poverty, mental illness, sex work, homelessness, and ... their goal is for the DTES to include a mixture of income levels and avoid the problems associated with concentrated poverty, ...
Women and poverty[edit]. Homeless families make up one third of the homeless population in America, with single-mother families ... Williams, Jean Calterone (1998). "Domestic Violence and Poverty: The Narratives of Homeless Women". Frontiers: A Journal of ... Williams, Jean Calterone (1998). "Domestic Violence and Poverty: The Narratives of Homeless Women". Frontiers: A Journal of ... 14] Food stamps and AFDC money combined still left families well below the poverty line resulting in higher levels of ...
The bicycle, in that sense, can be an important poverty-eradication tool in poor nations. ... if analyzed for the cost-benefit analysis for rural poverty alleviation, has given one of the best returns in this regard. For ...
Poverty[edit]. Further information: Poverty. A major hurdle to achieve sustainability is the alleviation of poverty. It has ... Poverty - End poverty in all its forms everywhere[103]. *Food - End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and ... "Linking Poverty to Environmental Sustainability" (PDF). UNDP-UNEP Poverty - Environment Initiative. Retrieved 2011-04-02.. ... "Goal 1: No poverty". UNDP. Archived from the original on 29 September 2015. Retrieved 28 September 2015.. ...
Hydrological poverty[edit]. Hydrological poverty tends to trap people that cannot afford to purchase the food or water ... "Politics, poverty, and climate change: stories from Cape Town's 'Day Zero'". ODI. Retrieved 22 April 2020.. ... Yet this impact further cemented the poverty gap because the fine was relatively small for the wealthy but crippling for less ... resulted in the loss of 37,000 jobs in the Western Cape Province and an estimated 50,000 people being pushed below the poverty ...
Following the coup trends of decreasing poverty and extreme poverty were reversed. The nation saw a poverty increase of 13.2 ... Honduras' Poverty Reduction Strategy was implemented in 1999 and aimed to cut extreme poverty in half by 2015.[73] While ... In 2010, 50% of the population were living below the poverty line.[66] By 2016 more than 66% were living below the poverty line ... Poverty is concentrated in rural Honduras, a pattern that is reflected throughout Latin America.[11] The effects of poverty on ...
Poverty and rural areas[edit]. Child marriage researcher Nicholas Syrett was quoted in a Frontline article: "Almost all the ... "This is a rural phenomenon and it is a phenomenon of poverty."[2] ...
Poverty and access to healthcare[edit]. According to a UNFPA report, social and economic status, culture norms and values, and ... Women living in poverty-stricken areas are more likely to be obese and engage in unhealthy behaviors such as cigarette smoking ... "Maternal deaths are both caused by poverty and are a cause of it. The costs of childbirth can quickly exhaust a family's income ... Poverty, malnutrition, and substance abuse may contribute to impaired cognitive, motor, and behavioral problems across ...
Poverty[edit]. Poverty has been linked to poor prenatal care and has been an influence on prenatal development. Women in ... Women under 16 and over 35 have a higher risk of preterm labor (premature baby), and this risk increases for women in poverty, ... poverty are more likely to have children at a younger age, which results in low birth weight. Many of these expecting mothers ...
Coercion and poverty[edit]. See also: Survival sex. These feminists do argue that, in most cases, prostitution is not a ... Poverty is the single greatest "push" factor making women vulnerable to accepting prostitution as a means of subsistence.[30][ ... it is generally the result of extreme poverty and lack of opportunity, or of serious underlying problems, such as drug ... further puts the economy behind and increases vulnerabilities that Human traffickers prey on like minimal education and poverty ...
Poverty and wealth[edit]. According to analysis based on the 2011 census, Muslims in the United Kingdom face poor standards of ...
The Life You Can Save: Acting Now to End World Poverty. New York: Random House 2009.[93] ... In paying dictators for their oil, we are in effect buying stolen goods, and helping to keep people in poverty." Singer holds ... While Singer has previously written at length about the moral imperative to reduce poverty and eliminate the suffering of ... in which he argues more generally in favour of giving to charities that help to end global poverty. In particular, he expands ...
Poverty[edit]. Approximately 40% of South Africans lived in poverty as of 2009.[2] Approximately 17 million young people under ... South African youth in poverty often look to higher education as a means to a better life. However, access to higher education ... Approximately 66% of Black African youth and 44% of Coloured youth live in poverty, compared to 16% of Indian youth and 4% of ... The burden of many of these inequalities falls on South African youth in terms of education, employment, poverty, and health ...
Poverty. Part of Charles Booth's poverty map showing the Old Nichol, a slum in the East End of London. Published 1889 in Life ... a b c Barbara Daniels, Poverty and Families in the Victorian Era Archived 6 December 2008 at the Wayback Machine ... Martin Daunton, Progress and Poverty: An Economic and Social History of Britain 1700-1850 (1995) p 491. ...
Poverty[edit]. Arisbe in 2011. Cambridge, where Peirce was born and raised, New York City, where he often visited and sometimes ...
"Biofuel use increasing poverty". BBC News. June 25, 2008.. *^ Ferrett, Grant (October 27, 2007). "Biofuels 'crime against ... Sen, Amartya Kumar (1981). Poverty and famines: An essay on entitlement and deprivation. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19 ... One of the most recent and powerful global policies to reduce hunger and poverty are the Sustainable Development Goals. In ... Improving agricultural practices, reducing poverty, improving sanitation, empowerment of women[6][7]. ...
Poverty[edit]. Plague is symptomatic of poverty. Rats and fleas thrive in rural and urban areas of Madagascar due to the ... of all plague cases largely due to poverty and lack of health resources like antibiotics and proper testing. Furthermore, ...
The urban poverty rate has declined from 28% in 1993-1994 to 10% in 2011-2012.[65] This is partly due to the strengthening of ... Poverty. In the mid-1970s and early 1980s, the textile mills that were responsible for much of Ahmedabad's wealth faced ... Of those, 5.41% (1663 families) live below the poverty line.[55] Approximately 440,000 people live in slums within the city.[56 ... Ahmedabad has been relatively successful in its efforts to reduce poverty and improve the living conditions of poor residents. ...
Poverty[edit]. Among hourly-paid workers In 2016, 701,000 earned the federal minimum wage and about 1.5 million earned wages ... Vedder, Gallaway (2002). The minimum wage and poverty among full-time workers. Journal of Labor Research. ... Families with income more than 6 times the poverty threshold would see their incomes fall (due in part to their business ... The CBO estimated in February 2014 that raising the minimum wage would reduce the number of persons below the poverty income ...
Poverty. Poverty has been linked to poor prenatal care and has been an influence on prenatal development. Women in poverty are ... Women under 16 and over 35 have a higher risk of preterm labor (premature baby), and this risk increases for women in poverty, ...
Goal 1: No poverty[edit]. "End poverty in all its forms everywhere."[21][edit]. Extreme poverty has been cut by more than half ... "Extreme poverty is falling: How is poverty changing for higher poverty lines?". Our World in Data. Retrieved 10 March 2019.. ... 2.1 Goal 1: No poverty *2.1.1 "End poverty in all its forms everywhere."[21] ... Poverty is more than the lack of income or resources: People live in poverty if they lack basic services such as healthcare, ...
... poverty; civil unrest; and increased irrigation. The evolution of resistance to first-generation drugs (e.g. chloroquine) and ...
The act of slaughtering animals, or of raising or transporting animals for slaughter, may engender psychological stress or trauma in the people involved.[26][27][28][29][30][31][32][33][34][35][36][37] A 2016 study in Organization indicates, "Regression analyses of data from 10,605 Danish workers across 44 occupations suggest that slaughterhouse workers consistently experience lower physical and psychological well-being along with increased incidences of negative coping behavior."[38] In her thesis submitted to and approved by University of Colorado, Anna Dorovskikh states that slaughterhouse workers are "at risk of Perpetration-Inducted Traumatic Stress, which is a form of posttraumatic stress disorder and results from situations where the concerning subject suffering from PTSD was a causal participant in creating the traumatic situation."[39] A 2009 study by criminologist Amy Fitzgerald indicates, "slaughterhouse employment increases total arrest rates, arrests for violent crimes, arrests for ...
Poverty[edit]. Housing segregation affects the development of concentrated areas of poverty, especially among racial minorities ... to perpetuate the cycle of poor people moving into concentrated areas of poverty. These concentrated areas of poverty often ... This further perpetuates poverty because low-income residents experience higher rent burden which forces them to accept low ... Massey, Douglas (2004). Race, Poverty, and Domestic Policy. New Haven: Yale University Press. pp. 173-187.. ...
Poverty[edit]. Urban poverty encourages the formation and demand for slums.[2] With rapid shift from rural to urban life, ... Rising rural poverty also encourages migration to urban areas. A poorly performing economy, in other words, increases poverty ... Moreno, Eduardo López (2003). Slums of the World: The Face of Urban Poverty in the New Millennium?. UN-HABITAT. ISBN 978-92-1- ... Urban Poverty - An Overview Judy Baker, The World Bank (2008) *^ Tjiptoherijanto, Prinjono, and Eddy Hasmi. "Urbanization and ...
We work to understand what causes poverty, the impact it has on childrens lives, and how it can be solved - for good. ... CPAGs response to annual poverty statistics. 22 March 2018 Read our statement on the publication of the governments annual ... LCC students create animations showing experience of poverty. 19 March 2018 CPAG has been working with students at the London ... More than one in four children in the UK are growing up in poverty. It doesnt have to be like this. ...
Poverty Row was a slang term used in Hollywood from the 1920s[1] through the 1950s to refer to a variety of small (and mostly ... The films of Poverty Row, many of which were Westerns (including series like Billy the Kid, starring Buster Crabbe from PRC) or ... Lewis, Jack C. (2002). White Horse, Black Hat: A Quarter Century on Hollywoods Poverty Row. Scarecrow Press. ISBN 978-1-4617- ... Pitts, Michael R. (2005). Poverty Row Studios, 1929-1940: An Illustrated History of 55 Independent Film Companies, with a ...
They present radically different interpretations of chronic poverty.. The idealist is Sachs, whose 2005 The End of Poverty ... go to for a link to them). But professor Sachs has a point: We devote more ink to wealth than to poverty. ...
Absolute poverty[edit]. See also: Extreme poverty. Absolute poverty is the level of poverty as defined in terms of the minimal ... The poverty threshold, poverty limit or poverty line is the minimum level of income deemed adequate in a particular country.[1] ... Relative poverty compared with other standards[edit]. A measure of relative poverty defines "poverty" as being below some ... Relative poverty measures are used as official poverty rates by the European Union, UNICEF and the OEDC. The main poverty line ...
Overcoming Poverty by Empowering People. ********************************************* Poverty was not created by God, but by ... Source -] ... Poverty Round Table is a Restricted Group with 109 members.. *Poverty Round Table ...
Latest Poverty News. California GOP looks to 2022 contests for House, Legislature. Sep. 24, 2021 17:33 PM EDT ... protestors who blocked the entrance to Europes busiest ferry port Friday to highlight the climate crisis and fuel poverty in ...
Income and Poverty in the United States: 2017 These tables present data on income, earnings, income inequality & poverty in the ... 2017 Supplemental Poverty Measure (SPM) Research File These files enable researchers to replicate the SPM poverty estimates ... Monthly Poverty Rates by Selected Demographic Characteristics: 2015 This report presents monthly and average monthly poverty ... Income, Poverty and Health Insurance Coverage: 2011 Median household income declines, while the poverty rate remains ...
... by Size of Family and Number of Related Children Under 18 Years Source: Current Population Survey (CPS) ... In some cases, weighted average poverty thresholds shown in the tables above may vary from those listed in Historical Poverty ... Housing Income and Poverty International Trade Population Population Estimates Public Sector Race Research Voting and ... Small Area Income and Poverty Statistics of U.S. Businesses Survey of Business Owners Survey of Income and Program ...
... where the focus is on poverty both as a dependent variable (what causes poverty) and an independent variable (what poverty ... Poverty, Participation and Democracy: A Global Perspective (Cambridge University Press, 2008) and Amartya Sen, Poverty and ... The topics to be covered begin with an examination into the definition and measurement of poverty. We focus as well on the ... You are here - Welcome to LSE , Calendar , Graduate , Course guides , DV407 Poverty ...
Fighting poverty in all of its dimensions lies at the core of the World Banks work. We work closely with governments to ... Poverty. The World Bank Group is committed to fighting poverty in all its dimensions. We use the latest evidence and analysis ... For many nations, poverty reduction has slowed or even reversed.. The 43 countries in the world with the highest poverty rates ... UNDERSTANDING POVERTY Global data and statistics, research and publications, and topics in poverty and development ...
Over half a million single parents, young people affected by poverty in France ...
The World Summit for Social Development in Copenhagen in 1995 defined an inclusive society as a society for all, in which every individual, each with rights and responsibilities, has an active role to play (United Nations, 1995, para 66). Such an inclusive society is equipped with mechanisms which accommodate diversity, and facilitate/enable peoples active participation in their political, economic and social lives. As such, it over-rides differences of race, gender, class, generation, and geography, and ensures equal opportunities for all to achieve full potential in life, regardless of origin. Such a society fosters, at the same time, emanates from well-being of each individual, mutual trust, sense of belonging and inter-connectedness. The goal of social integration is to create a more stable, safe and just society for all, in which every individual, each with rights and responsibilities, has an active role to play. Such an inclusive society must be based on the principles of embracing - not
Housing Income and Poverty International Trade Population Population Estimates Public Sector Race Research Voting and ... Small Area Income and Poverty Statistics of U.S. Businesses Survey of Business Owners Survey of Income and Program ... Income and Poverty International Trade Population Population Estimates Public Sector Race Research Voting and Registration A - ... Small Area Income and Poverty Statistics of U.S. Businesses Survey of Business Owners Survey of Income and Program ...
Housing Income and Poverty International Trade Population Population Estimates Public Sector Race Research Voting and ... Income & Poverty Status of Families & Persons in the West Region This report presents statistics for families and persons by ... Income & Poverty Status of Families & Persons in the South Region This report presents statistics for families and persons by ... Income & Poverty Status of Families/Persons in the No. Central Region This report presents statistics for families and persons ...
They are determined to reduce the problem of poverty in Israel.. There are many reasons for this problem, most of which are the ... There are budgetary goals for the deficit and for growth, there should also be one for the reduction of poverty.. As this ... One in every three children in Israel lives below the poverty line. The words are almost too sterile to capture what is ... Despite the positive image Israels economy enjoys, things are not all they seem: Israel has the highest poverty rate in the ...
Democracy Now! is a 501(c)3 non-profit news organization. We do not accept funding from advertising, underwriting or government agencies. We rely on contributions from our viewers and listeners to do our work. Please do your part today ...
Gentrification, urban poverty and low-income housing are all real estate terms that start tongues wagging. But perhaps for the ... A U.N. expert on extreme poverty and human rights met Monday with hurricane victims in Puerto Rico amid complaints about the ... Pioneer Press columnist Paul Sassone bemoans the plight of poverty and how particularly harsh it can be for children during the ... The Lake County Community Foundation reports that poverty has more than doubled in the suburbs in the last 25 years. ...
Your support helps Urban scholars continue to deliver evidence that can elevate debate, transform communities, and improve lives. Learn more » ...
Much of the citys worst health problems are a direct result of poverty - a malady that can only be treated with a job ... He shocked me by saying that he believes poverty is not the root cause of gang violence, substance abuse and lethargy among ... Cal Thomas: The left talks a lot about poverty, but their only solution to it is to spend more money. ... Adopting these measures would establish Maryland as a national leader in using this proven tool to help combat poverty. ...
Evidence on income distribution and poverty in OECD countries since the mid-80s, using data that correct for many of the ... Poverty rate: The poverty rate is the ratio of the number of people (in a given age group) whose income falls below the poverty ... Income Inequality and Poverty. There is widespread concern that economic growth has not been fairly shared, and that the ... OECD Home Directorate for Employment, Labour and Social AffairsSocial policies and dataIncome Inequality and Poverty Social ...
The objective of the poverty reduction credit is to improve efficiency in four service delivery sectors in Uganda covering ... Understanding Poverty Global data and statistics, research and publications, and topics in poverty and development ... Project Description: The objective of the poverty reduction credit is to improve efficiency in four service delivery sectors in ... five institutions working for sustainable solutions that reduce poverty and build shared prosperity in developing countries. ...
Poverty uses up so much mental energy that there are fewer resources left to deal with other areas of life, researchers ... Poverty and stress affect cognition differently. The mental burden of poverty is different from the impact of stress, explained ... Previous views of poverty have blamed poverty on personal failings, or an environment that is not conducive to success. Were ... Poverty affects our genes - researchers from the University of Gothenburg, Sweden, found that poverty has an effect on peoples ...
End poverty in all its forms everywhere * 1.1 By 2030, eradicate extreme poverty for all people everywhere, currently measured ... Over 800 million people are still living in extreme poverty in 2015, living on less than US$ 1.25 a day1 . More than two ... 1.2 By 2030, reduce at least by half the proportion of men, women and children of all ages living in poverty in all its ... The main goals of the project are to: reduce poverty for African farmers by enhancing their sales strategy; develop farmers ...
We are an NGO based in Nigeria. Our target is catalyzing public and private funds to make provision for our project incentive machine loans for smaller SMEs in West Africa
Surviving Poverty carefully examines the experiences of people living below the poverty level, looking in particular at the ... and their responses highlight the importance of cultivating relationships among people living in poverty. Surviving Poverty ... Surviving Poverty is invested in both structural and social change and demonstrates the power support services can have to ... Grounding her study in current debates about the importance of alleviating poverty, Mazelis proposes new modes of improving the ...
Many agree that the official measure of poverty in the United States is flawed. Experts have recommended an alternative measure ... 2020 Poverty Projections: Comparing the Effects of Provisions in the HEALS and HEROES Acts ... This fact sheet describes the official poverty measure and an alternative measure developed by the National Academy of Sciences ... and uses data from the 2006 American Community Survey to estimate the extent of poverty in Minnesota under the official and ...
... Monday, September 26, 2011 By Khalil Bendib, Truthout , Political Image ... Poverty News Monday, September 26, 2011 By Khalil Bendib, Truthout , Political Image ...
Extreme poverty is described as living on less than $1.90 per person per day. President of the World Bank David Malpass noted ... The president of the World Bank has warned that up to 60 million people will be pushed into extreme poverty by the ... World Bank predicting a five percent shrinkage in global economic growth this year resulting in an eradication of the poverty ...
The Poverty monitor displays the number of financially vulnerable residents in the municipalities and their characteristics on ... Poverty monitor. What is it?. The Poverty monitor displays the number of financially vulnerable residents in the municipalities ...
A new method to calculate poverty will likely cause Chinas officially poverty line to increase to as many as 100 million from ... "In that case, China faces new challenges to fight poverty in the coming 10 years, since the new poverty limit might cause the ... The number of Chinese living in poverty is expected to reach 100 million if the country decides to consider people who earn up ... The governments latest five year plan has rural poverty and building out the social safety net at its core. More poor people ...
  • According to new Census data for 2018, poverty rates for Seattle and King County (11.0% and 9.3% respectively) remain statistically unchanged since 2017, despite rising median incomes in Washington state. (
  • A Radical Rethinking of the Way to Fight Global Poverty (PublicAffairs/Penguin, 2011), Sabina Alkire, Valuing Freedoms: Sen's Capability Approach and Poverty Reduction (Oxford University Press, 2005), Anirudh Krishna, ed. (
  • New research estimates that by 2030 up to two-thirds of the global extreme poor may be living in fragile and conflict-affected economies, making it evident that without intensified action, the global poverty goals will not be met. (
  • Many concerned NGOs promote small-scale social development programs in poor countries, but as long as systemic economic and social policies continue to favor the rich, global poverty will remain a stark reality for the majority of people in the world. (
  • If you want to understand some of the best new ideas to chip away at global poverty, an excellent place to start is the Nasoni family hut here in the southern African nation of Malawi . (
  • However, underlying even that bleak message is a more disconcerting one - that despite decades of trying, scientists and development groups still can't agree on the true scale of global poverty and hunger. (
  • Seven years ago, on October 25, 2005, Whole Foods Market launched Whole Planet Foundation with a mission to alleviate global poverty by funding microcredit to the very poor living in communities around the world where we source products. (
  • Sometimes we get so overwhelmed by the extent of global poverty that we don't see the point in doing anything about it at all. (
  • With 189 member countries, staff from more than 170 countries, and offices in over 130 locations, the World Bank Group is a unique global partnership: five institutions working for sustainable solutions that reduce poverty and build shared prosperity in developing countries. (
  • And how can those same competitive mechanisms promote pro-poor growth and help to reduce poverty levels everywhere? (
  • The OECD Competition Committee is engaged in exploring the effects of competition enforcement on poverty reduction and examining how competition policy can help reduce poverty by stimulating employment, innovation and growth. (
  • Indeed, just a few weeks following 9/11, then U.S. Trade Representative Robert Zoellick spoke out on the need to liberalize international trade -- and thus reduce poverty -- as a means to fight terrorism. (
  • Less clear to most policymakers is what the most efficient options are to reduce poverty through employment or training. (
  • Many governments and non-governmental organizations try to reduce poverty by providing basic needs to people who are unable to earn a sufficient income. (
  • For the term as defined in the United States, see Poverty Line (United States Census Bureau) . (
  • In their report on poverty based on 2012 findings, the United States Census Bureau shows an alarming number of children in poverty. (
  • The US Census Bureau uses a set of income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who is living in poverty. (
  • The U.S. Census Bureau released a poverty report on Aug. 26. (
  • So the real number of US citizens living in poverty - more reasonably defined - is much larger today than the 46.2 million reported by the Census Bureau. (
  • On November 7, the Center on Children and Families at the Brookings Institution and the Census Bureau sponsored a private half-day seminar to examine the Bureau's work on the Supplemental Poverty Measure (SPM). (
  • Years after the Great Recession ended, 46.5 million Americans are still living in poverty, according to a Census Bureau report released Tuesday. (
  • The Census Bureau puts out another poverty index later this year that takes those things into account and is considered a more accurate measure. (
  • Also, the U.S. Census Bureau reported the latest poverty figures, and Tyler Perry was reported as the highest paid man in Hollywood. (
  • Half a century later, with the Census Bureau reporting more than 46 million Americans still mired in poverty, these same liberals seem insistent on denying low-income children quality educational opportunities, through cruel policies that will only perpetuate the cycle of poverty. (
  • We also examine whether democratization contributes to poverty reduction. (
  • Due to global shocks such as COVID-19 and because it is becoming increasingly difficult to reach those remaining in extreme poverty, who often live in fragile countries and remote areas, poverty reduction may not be fast enough to reach the goal of ending extreme poverty by 2030. (
  • For many nations, poverty reduction has slowed or even reversed. (
  • There are budgetary goals for the deficit and for growth, there should also be one for the reduction of poverty. (
  • Competition and poverty reduction provided the main focus for discussions at the 2013 Global Forum on Competition. (
  • Session one the 2012 forum explored the effects of competition enforcement on poverty reduction focusing on the impact of competition in markets for essential goods and services. (
  • The objective of the poverty reduction credit is to improve efficiency in four service delivery sectors in Uganda covering health, education, sanitation, water, and transport. (
  • If the relationship between poverty and unemployment maintains its recent historical relationship, this means that the state's official poverty rate may soon stand at 15% with 3 in 10 Washingtonians falling below the broader poverty indicator favored by Governor Inslee's Poverty Reduction Work Group . (
  • The Sixth Five Year Plan, as outlined in Bangladesh's Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper, targets strategic growth and employment. (
  • The poverty alleviation literature, however, has not yet addressed the important issue of policy design for efficient multidimensional poverty reduction. (
  • But the study was unable to clarify whether the money reaches the poorest people and genuinely leads to a reduction in poverty levels. (
  • A UK-funded programme to catalogue and assess conservation and poverty reduction projects in Africa, South Asia, China and the Amazon should help unpick some of the confusion. (
  • This fundamental recognition is reshaping the international community's approach to the next generation of poverty reduction initiatives. (
  • What is perhaps more striking than the steady reduction in the number of the very poor is the failure to reduce the number just above the minimum poverty line: There are today, just as there were in 1959, about 15-3/4 mil- lion persons in households with income that is above the poverty level but still below what might be considered a reasonable minimum. (
  • The OECD examines the trends and patterns in inequality and poverty for OECD and emerging countries. (
  • To benchmark and monitor income inequality and poverty across countries, the OECD relies on a dedicated statistical database: the OECD Income Distribution Database. (
  • Due to the increasing importance of income inequality and poverty issues in policy discussion, the database is now annually updated. (
  • The Stanford Center on Inequality and Poverty ranks the most well-off countries in terms of labour markets, poverty, safety net, wealth inequality, and economic mobility. (
  • Mr Metcalfe said he believed inequality and poverty were the two biggest long-term issues facing New Zealand. (
  • The World Bank estimates that 40 million to 60 million people will fall into extreme poverty (under $1.90/day) in 2020, compared to 2019, as a result of COVID-19, depending on assumptions on the magnitude of the economic shock. (
  • The global extreme poverty rate could rise by 0.3 to 0.7 percentage points, to around 9 percent in 2020. (
  • 12 years ago, the Legislature set out to end poverty in Minnesota by 2020. (
  • 1.b Create sound policy frameworks at the national, regional and international levels, based on pro-poor and gender-sensitive development strategies, to support accelerated investment in poverty eradication actions. (
  • We hope that with the World Bank predicting a five percent shrinkage in global economic growth this year resulting in an eradication of the poverty alleviation achieved in the past three years, there will be a wider recognition that more needs to be done to help poorer nations survive the crisis. (
  • Leaders in the developed world profess their commitment to "poverty eradication," but none are willing to address the systemic causes of poverty. (
  • His efforts have given Utahns a way to effectively fight poverty worldwide and to solve problems closer to home, as well. (
  • In that case, China faces new challenges to fight poverty in the coming 10 years, since the new poverty limit might cause the impoverished population to expand by up to 90 million people or 100 million," Jialai said. (
  • STOCKHOLM (AP) - The World Bank says it will increasingly view its efforts to help developing countries fight poverty through a "climate lens. (
  • One in every three children in Israel lives below the poverty line. (
  • Surviving Poverty carefully examines the experiences of people living below the poverty level, looking in particular at the tension between social isolation and social ties among the poor. (
  • In 1996, 20% of American children lived in families with cash incomes below the poverty line. (
  • Children under age 6 are more often found in families with incomes below the poverty line than children ages 6 to 17. (
  • At the end of last year, China had 40 million people living below the poverty line, accounting for 4.2 percent of the total rural population, according to the State Council Leading Group Office of Poverty Alleviation and Development. (
  • We examined cancer disparities in Ohio to determine whether the relationship between poverty and cancer was apparent at the county level. (
  • There has been marked progress on reducing poverty - the first of the world's Sustainable Development Goals - over the past decades. (
  • Yunus is one of the genuine heroes of our age - a man who continues to seek for solutions to the world's most vexing problems, and who transcends charity by teaching people how to permanently rise above poverty. (
  • When it comes to fighting poverty, China has been more successful than the world's other most populous nation, India. (
  • This pandemic poverty represents the world's most pernicious and deadly scourge. (
  • A decade ago, world leaders at the United Nations signed off on eight goals aimed at transforming the lives of the world's least fortunate - including cutting extreme poverty in half by 2015. (
  • CPAG has been working with students at the London College of Communication, part of the University of the Arts London, on a project to create animations which convey the experience of child poverty. (
  • The child poverty rate provides important information about the percentage of U.S. children whose current life circumstances are hard and whose futures are potentially limited as a result of their family's low income. (
  • According to UNICEF (see above chart), the US has higher child poverty rates than 15 other high-income countries. (
  • The truth is, the greatest tool to lift children and families from poverty is one that decreases the probability of child poverty by 82 percent. (
  • China is expected to place an even greater emphasis on fighting poverty in 2011, said Lin Jialai, executive vice-president of the China Association of Poverty Alleviation and Development. (
  • The US Department of Agriculture Economic Research Service says that in 2016, 38.3% of households with incomes below the Federal poverty line were food insecure. (
  • Across America, more and more Americans are living in what's known as "concentrated poverty," which can perpetuate the cycle of poverty for generations. (
  • There is no gas or electricity so women and their children spend hours every day collecting water and firewood, which traps them in a cycle of poverty. (
  • In addition to federal funding, the non-profit community is fighting on the front lines to break the cycle of poverty. (
  • Fixing the structural problems in our education system is key to breaking the cycle of poverty and creating economic opportunity in this nation. (
  • In the 1960s, many developmental economists believed in the "vicious cycle of poverty" theory, which argued poverty in the developing world prevented accumulation of domestic savings. (
  • The 43 countries in the world with the highest poverty rates are fragile or conflict-affected situations (FCS) and/or in Sub-Saharan Africa. (
  • Editors Victoria Lawson and Sarah Elwood focus on the politics of insurgent movements against poverty and inequality in seven countries (Argentina, India, Brazil, South Africa, Thailand, Singapore, and the United States). (
  • This page posts information on policies to eliminate poverty and promote development in Africa. (
  • The analytical results are applied to data from Vietnam and South Africa and illustrate the role of both normative and positive perspectives in designing efficient multidimensional poverty targeting policies. (
  • In The End of Poverty," Mr. Sachs argues rich countries should commit themselves to transferring some $1.5 trillion over the next decade to the poorest nations - primarily in Africa. (
  • Linking Conservation and Poverty Alleviation: the Case of Great Apes( ) reviewed existing projects to protect apes in Africa, and used follow-up interviews and other methods to assess whether these are helping to reduce the poverty of local communities. (
  • Most people living below poverty line live in Southern Asia and sub-Saharan Africa. (
  • [4] In October 2015, the World Bank updated the international poverty line to $1.90 a day. (
  • Extreme poverty is described as living on less than $1.90 per person per day. (
  • As of 2019, most people on the planet live in poverty: (in Purchasing Power Parity dollars) 85% live on less than $30 per day, two-thirds live on less than $10 per day, and 10% live on less than $1.90 per day (extreme poverty). (
  • The poverty line threshold of $1.90 per day, as set by the World Bank, is controversial. (
  • Mary Schmich: On the 50th anniversary of the Kerner Report, the last surviving member of the commission that created it reflects on race and poverty in America. (
  • David Shipler had an interesting op-ed in the New York Times yesterday about our disjointed approach to fighting poverty in America. (
  • America stands as a beacon of hope and the possibility of a better life -- but it is also a nation where nearly 1 in 4 children live in poverty. (
  • On January 8, 1964, President Lyndon Johnson delivered a State of the Union address to Congress in which he declared an "unconditional war on poverty in America. (
  • [12] This result corresponded with that from Charles Booth's study of poverty in London and so challenged the view, commonly held at the time, that abject poverty was a problem particular to London and was not widespread in the rest of Britain. (
  • Absolute poverty, often synonymous with 'extreme poverty' or 'abject poverty', refers to a set standard which is consistent over time and between countries. (
  • The government's latest five year plan has rural poverty and building out the social safety net at its core. (
  • Consequently, poor people are more prone to making bad decisions and mistakes, which can worsen and prolong their poverty. (
  • Some citizens suggested that this dependency would give the poor no incentive to seek work and ultimately prolong their poverty. (
  • But professor Sachs has a point: We devote more ink to wealth than to poverty. (
  • Survey and census questions cover poverty, income, and wealth. (
  • People Against Poverty is an NGO operating in Kenya whose main objective is to promote development, end extreme poverty and bridge the intergenerational poverty gap. (
  • This report provides a picture of the current state of poverty and economic inequality in Nigeria, identifies the main drivers of this situation and presents some policy solutions. (
  • Median household income declines, while the poverty rate remains statistically unchanged. (
  • Poverty and the rate of people without health insurance are basically unchanged. (
  • Seven years deep in a period of economic expansion that is the pride of Republican policy, the poverty rate was essentially unchanged from the year before at 12.8 percent or one American in eight. (
  • The poverty rate for children remained about 20 percent, for blacks about 30 percent, for black children more than 40 percent. (
  • conservatives rightly observe that if they did, the poverty rate would be lower. (
  • In South Atlanta's Lakewood Heights community, where crime rates are high and many homes sit dilapidated and abandoned, the poverty rate hovers around 30 percent. (
  • The youth poverty rate in the United States is the highest across the OECD with one quarter of youth living in poverty compared to less than 14% across the OECD. (
  • For example, he said, nine African nations have already succeeded in halving their rate of extreme poverty since 1990, the baseline for the U.N. targets. (
  • China set a poverty line of 206 yuan in 1986, which was about $50 if calculated at the then exchange rate and was about half of a farmer's annual income. (
  • In 2010, the poverty rate peaked at 15.1%, and has barely fallen since then. (
  • This is the first time the poverty rate has remained at or above 15% three years running since 1965. (
  • The official poverty rate reported Tuesday does not include things like government benefits and the effects of medical and work expenses on the cost of living. (
  • Also, poverty rate in rural areas worldwide are higher than in urban areas. (
  • [7] At present the percentage of the global population living under extreme poverty is likely to fall below 10% according to the World Bank projections released in 2015. (
  • The World Bank Group's goals are to end extreme poverty and promote shared prosperity. (
  • The work to end extreme poverty is far from over, and many challenges remain. (
  • 1.1 By 2030, eradicate extreme poverty for all people everywhere, currently measured as people living on less than $1.25 a day. (
  • But in proving those assumptions wrong, he also raised awareness about the real reasons for extreme poverty, and that has put him at odds with his own government. (
  • The president of the World Bank has warned that up to 60 million people will be pushed into 'extreme poverty' by the coronavirus. (
  • Since 1980, the percentage of children living in families with medium income has fallen from 41% to 34% in 1996, while the percentage of children living in families with high income and the percentage of children in extreme poverty have risen, from 17% to 24% and from 7% to 8%, respectively. (
  • In December last year, United Nations Special Rapporteur on extreme poverty and human rights, Professor Philip Alston, issued a statement on his 15-day fact-finding mission of some of the US's poorest neighbourhoods. (
  • at the end of the day, particularly in a rich country like the USA, the persistence of extreme poverty is a political choice made by those in power. (
  • Excluding China, the percentage of people worldwide in extreme poverty is still projected to drop from about 35 percent to 18 percent in 2015, according to the World Bank. (
  • After surveying a global segment of the population, the Gapminder organization in Sweden found that only 10 percent of people knew the state of extreme poverty. (
  • Here's the question: In the past 20 years, the proportion of the world population living in extreme poverty has: A) almost doubled. (
  • The two countries with the largest populations in the world each had about 40 percent of their people living in extreme poverty 20 years ago. (
  • Worldwide, only 10 percent knew that extreme poverty has improved, and only 5 percent of Americans got that answer right. (
  • His visit came a few months after Columbia University Professor Jeffrey Sachs unveiled his own plan to end extreme poverty around the world by 2025. (
  • Overwhelmingly, social, welfare, and environmental issues were identified as priority items in a neighborhood marked by extreme poverty, poor childhood immunization rates, high HIV/AIDS rates, and high incidence of childhood asthma. (
  • This is a worthy undertaking, given that today, 1.2 billion (PDF) people still live in extreme poverty (less than $1.25/day). (
  • 25)" More than 10% of the world population i.e. more than 700 million people still live in extreme poverty and lack basic existential needs (healthcare, education, access to water and sanitation etc. (
  • People who are living under 1.9$ per day are considered to live in extreme poverty. (
  • For the first time since 1998, poverty rates will go up as the global economy falls into recession and there is a sharp drop in GDP per capita. (
  • Although it has left millions of people out of poverty over the last decades, it still faces a huge gap between the country's richest and the rest of the population. (
  • If you have more than $15 per day per person in your household to pay for everything each person needs, the Bureau does not count you as part of this country's poverty problem. (
  • The number of people in China defined as poor would at least triple if not for the country's decades-old poverty line, a top agriculture expert said. (
  • China's poverty line of 1,196 yuan ($175) per capita net income a year is said to be too low compared with the country's economic development and living standard. (
  • So one way to account of Haitian poverty is to look at the effectiveness of that country's institutions. (
  • These institutions, including the World Bank, consistently ignore evidence that growth does not necessarily alleviate poverty and may, in fact, exacerbate it. (
  • Political leaders must be prepared to make tough choices about where to focus efforts to alleviate poverty, even if there are negative impacts on biodiversity, he adds. (
  • The poverty threshold , poverty limit or poverty line is the minimum level of income deemed adequate in a particular country. (
  • The poverty threshold may be adjusted annually. (
  • Measuring poverty by an absolute threshold has the advantage of applying the same standard across different locations and time periods: it makes comparisons easier. (
  • It also had an operating budget of $18,280, putting it below the federally mandated poverty threshold for a family of four. (
  • According to Alston, 19 million people lived in deep poverty (a total family income that is below one-half of the poverty threshold) in the US as of 2017. (
  • 1.2 By 2030, reduce at least by half the proportion of men, women and children of all ages living in poverty in all its dimensions according to national definitions. (
  • And more than 160 million children are at risk of continuing trend of poverty by 2030. (
  • Number 1 goal of UN Sustainable development goals (SDGs) agenda is to end poverty worldwide till 2030. (
  • The underlying socioeconomic conditions in these neighborhoods perpetuate both violence and poverty. (
  • We focus as well on the relationship between poverty and inequality, gender, social protection and human development, with special attention to the relationship between poverty, violence, and democracy. (
  • This easy-to-navigate collection of recent MEDLINE abstracts compiled by the editors at Medscape Women's Health focuses on the relationship between poverty and the health of women in the United States and Canada. (
  • [9] The largest of these expenses is typically the rent required to live in an apartment, so historically, economists have paid particular attention to the real estate market and housing prices as a strong poverty line affector. (
  • Nearly 6 percent of children in Maryland have a parent in prison or jail, which makes it more likely that they will struggle academically, live in poverty, and have other social or psychological problems that could plague them for life. (
  • Over a billion people live in absolute poverty worldwide and poverty exists in all countries, no matter how rich. (
  • Shafir explained "If you live in poverty, you're more error prone and errors cost you more dearly - it's hard to find a way out. (
  • The over-arching theme of Southern history is not Race, as is conventionally stated, but Poverty-poverty not due to the South's shortcomings, but imposed on them by the system under which they live. (
  • Punished with Poverty is a timely and much needed contribution to the understanding of both the South and the nature of the "Federal Empire" under which all Americans now live. (
  • 22.3% of girls and 21.3% of boys under the age of 18 live in poverty. (
  • No matter the depth of our understanding of how poverty affects our students, this season invites us to commit to learning more about how to reach and teach our children who live in poverty. (
  • About 11,000 children in southwestern Minnesota live in poverty, according to 2015 data. (
  • Around 35 million Chinese live under the official dollar-a-day poverty line. (
  • Families engaged in subsistence farming often live in chronic poverty and malnutrition, lacking the skills to get the most out of their small patches of land. (
  • In Rwanda, 45% of people live in poverty and rely on small-scale farming. (
  • We seek a world of hope, tolerance and social justice, where poverty has been overcome and all people live with dignity and security. (
  • Suppose you are a single person making $9,000 a year and therefore live in poverty. (
  • I firmly believe in this fundamental premise: "In the 21st century, the best anti-poverty program around is a world-class education … And in this country, the success of our children cannot depend more on where they live than on their potential. (
  • While higher parental education decreases the likelihood for a child to live in near poverty conditions, almost half of children in poverty or near poverty have a parent with at least some college education. (
  • The way we measure poverty, deprivation and social exclusion has been the focus of innovative work, but in the UK we still overwhelmingly focus on poverty as measured by income. (
  • Economic deprivation - lack of income - is a standard feature of most definitions of poverty. (
  • Poverty is not only deprivation of economic or material resources but a violation of human dignity too. (
  • World Bank: Poverty is pronounced deprivation in well-being, and comprises many dimensions. (
  • In 2007, the Shriver Center marked its 40th anniversary with a dinner saluting the hundreds of thousands of Americans who have contributed greatly to the cause of ending poverty in the United States. (
  • Conservatively estimated, about one in four Americans already lives in real poverty. (
  • Because this generation of Americans deserves more than the message they're now getting from liberal leaders: If you like your poverty, you can keep it. (
  • Malnutrition is not only about food: it starts with poverty, which can be avoided if women receive the education they need to read and earn a living. (
  • Using child malnutrition as a proxy, they estimated the poverty levels of the populations living along rivers shown on the maps. (
  • The "dollar a day" poverty line was first introduced in 1990 as a measure to meet such standards of living. (
  • How will the pandemic affect poverty rates in Washington State? (
  • In order to measure poverty, Abadie uses World Bank data on per capita gross domestic product as well as the United Nations Human Development Index and or the Gini coefficient (a measure of country-level income inequality). (
  • Matt Yglesias has a good response to Rubio, in which he explains that this marriage point is really about economies of scale and the way we measure poverty in this country . (
  • Absolute poverty is the level of poverty as defined in terms of the minimal requirements necessary to afford minimal standards of food, clothing, health care and shelter. (
  • Notice that if everyone's real income in an economy increases, and the income distribution does not change, absolute poverty will decline. (
  • Absolute poverty is the complete lack of the means necessary to meet basic personal needs, such as food, clothing, and shelter. (
  • The floor at which absolute poverty is defined is always about the same, independent of the person's permanent location or era. (
  • in the United States, for example, the absolute poverty line was US$15.15 per day in 2010 (US$22,000 per year for a family of four), while in India it was US$1.0 per day and in China the absolute poverty line was US$0.55 per day, each on PPP basis in 2010. (
  • On multidimensional indices of poverty ," The Journal of Economic Inequality , Springer;Society for the Study of Economic Inequality, vol. 9(2), pages 235-248, June. (
  • [1] In practice, like the definition of poverty , the official or common understanding of the poverty line is significantly higher in developed countries (with HDI of under than 0.700 score) than in developing countries . (
  • [6] The common international poverty line has in the past been roughly $1 a day. (
  • Determining the poverty line is usually done by finding the total cost of all the essential resources that an average human adult consumes in one year. (
  • Charles Booth , a pioneering investigator of poverty in London at the turn of the 20th century, popularised the idea of a poverty line , a concept originally conceived by the London School Board . (
  • He considered this amount to set his poverty line and concluded that 27.84% of the total population of York lived below this poverty line. (
  • After the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, politicians and policy experts drew a quick and intuitive line between terrorism and poverty. (
  • With such divergence across countries as to what the "poverty line" means, we set out to visualize what poverty looks like by highlighting something that everyone can understand -- food. (
  • Starting from the oft-quoted $1 per person, per day U.N. figure, we attempted to calculate our own national figures, creating a visual portrayal of items found in a given country that could be bought by a person living at the poverty line. (
  • For developed countries, where there is relatively updated household consumption data, we focused on the average daily amount that a person at the poverty line would spend on food. (
  • For developing countries, we used the average amount that a person at the poverty line earns and spends each day. (
  • Consider that the Bureau's poverty line in 2010 for a family of four was $22,314. (
  • In a one person family, the amount of money it takes to be above the official poverty line is around $11,500. (
  • But because it is assumed family members share resources, each additional family member increases the poverty line for that family by less than half that amount. (
  • If you marry, the family income goes to $18,000 and is therefore above the poverty line. (
  • The poverty line in China has not been changed for 20 years in step with the pace of economic development," said Li Xiaoyun, dean of the Center of Integrated Agricultural Development of China Agricultural University. (
  • But the poverty line has failed to reflect the average standard of living, Li said. (
  • The official poverty line is far below the current, actual poverty level. (
  • The classification was first studied by the U.S. Census in a 2014 report that showed the number of people living just above the poverty line had decreased since the 1960s, believed to be due to an increase in the number of people who have fallen beneath the poverty line. (
  • It will be noticed that from 1959 to 1960, as the count of the poor rose, the number just above the poverty line did drop, only to climb again the following year as the poverty rolls started down. (
  • 1.a Ensure significant mobilization of resources from a variety of sources, including through enhanced development cooperation, in order to provide adequate and predictable means for developing countries, in particular least developed countries, to implement programmes and policies to end poverty in all its dimensions. (
  • In 1996, 10% of children in two-parent families were living in poverty, compared to 49% in female-householder families. (
  • 122 women aged 25-34 are living in poverty compared to 100 men of the same age group. (
  • As this nation prepares to celebrate its next Independence Day, let us reflect on its great accomplishments but also on the greatest challenge that remains: helping people achieve financial independence, transforming poverty into prosperity. (
  • Ohio is suitable for such an analysis because the state's poverty rates vary by county, ranging from 4.5% to 33.0%, such that poor counties are mostly in the Appalachian region of Ohio and the more affluent counties are mostly suburban and do not include metropolitan areas. (
  • Millions of people are being forced from their homes, risking everything to escape conflict, disaster, poverty or hunger. (
  • A real support would protect their rights, boost their productivity and unleash their potential to fight hunger, poverty and climate change. (
  • Fight back against violence, hunger, injustice, and poverty in the fiercest way-with CARE. (
  • It gives due attention to the critical vulnerability and subjective daily assaults on human dignity that accompany poverty. (
  • Fighting poverty means fighting inequality preventing from unemployment, social exclusion, and high vulnerability of certain populations to disasters, diseases. (
  • The idealist is Sachs, whose 2005 The End of Poverty prescribes more aid. (
  • World leaders will gather at the United Nations in New York next week to discuss progress on two goals said to be complementary: saving species and lifting people out of poverty. (
  • Disappointing progress on two of the UN's Millennium Development Goals -- stemming the loss of biodiversity by 2010, and lifting half of the world's poorest people out of poverty by 2015 -- has focused high-level political interest on potential synergies between the two. (
  • On this day every year, Whole Planet Foundation celebrates its inception with Poverty is Unnecessary Day and recognize the support from the brands that donate annually to support the foundation's mission. (
  • Earlier this week, the Washington DC based Grameen Foundation unveiled the Village Phone Direct Assistance Center - a new initiative to continue its ongoing efforts to combat poverty worldwide through enabling and improving access to financial services and information. (
  • Participants are needed for the 15th annual Carroll County Communities Responding to Overcome Poverty on Sunday, April 17. (
  • 100% of the donations raised go directly to Children International to help children and families overcome poverty through child sponsorship. (
  • This fact sheet describes the official poverty measure and an alternative measure developed by the National Academy of Sciences, and uses data from the 2006 American Community Survey to estimate the extent of poverty in Minnesota under the official and alternative measure. (
  • The Bureau has no plans to change the official poverty measure which will remain the measure used to determine eligibility and the distribution of grant dollars for federal grant programs. (
  • More than one in four children in the UK are growing up in poverty. (
  • Most of these new poor are children, and as this trend continues we'll have to face the grim reality that by failing to act now, we are condemning more and more generations to poverty, and pushing the solution farther and farther away. (
  • Although childhood is generally considered a time to be joyful, carefree exploration, children living in poverty tend to spend less time finding out about the world around them and more time struggling to survive within it" (p.8). (
  • So when we think about resilience and the need to develop those skills in our students, this time of year can offer a one-two punch to our children living in poverty. (
  • We already know that children living in poverty have challenges that we continue to learn about and need to combat. (
  • the one in which children in poverty suffer not only a lack of money and things, but suffer a lack of models, the building blocks of social/emotional resilience, self-efficacy, confidence and a sense of belonging. (
  • Give people job opportunities, give children education, and then you bring them out of poverty. (
  • The Great Recession may be over, but the number of children living in poverty or low-income families is still higher than pre-recession levels. (
  • The percentage of children in poverty has stayed near or slightly above 20% since 1981. (
  • In 1996, 23% of children under age 6 lived in poverty, compared to 18% of older children. (
  • Children with two married parents are much less likely to be living in poverty than children living only with their mothers. (
  • For example, in 1996, 14% of black children in married-couple families lived in poverty, compared to 58% of black children in female-householder families. (
  • Twenty-nine percent of Hispanic children in married-couple families lived in poverty, compared to 67% in female-householder families. (
  • Most children in poverty are white and non-Hispanic. (
  • However, the proportion of black or Hispanic children in poverty is much higher than the proportion for white, non-Hispanic children. (
  • In 1996, 10% of white, non-Hispanic children lived in poverty, compared to 40% of black children and 40% of Hispanic children. (
  • In 1996, 8% of all children lived in families with incomes less than half the poverty level, or $8,018 a year for a family of four, while 31% of children lived in families with incomes less than 150% of the poverty level, or $24,054 a year for a family of four. (
  • This has liberated my family from poverty, and now we have enough money for my children to go to school. (
  • This becomes an economic dungeon not only for the mother but also for her children growing up in poverty and squalor. (
  • Poverty and violence are among the most dramatic threats children in Europe are facing, according to 'Joining Forces', a coalition of children's rights campaigners, but if the EU really wants to tackle them, it had better hear their voices, members of the coalition told EURACTIV. (
  • This post is part of a series on childhood poverty in the United States in partnership with Save the Children and Julianne Moore. (
  • It is widely known that the effects of childhood poverty follow children through adolescence and into adulthood. (
  • But what's happening is that there's the same number living in poverty - and we're seeing more children living in poverty whose parents are working. (
  • Almost half of the US children are currently in near poverty situation. (
  • Add to the mix inaccessibility to public housing, inability to provide proper education for low-income families, and you get a dangerous cocktail that worsens poverty and widens social gaps. (
  • This plan has to first and foremost deal with poverty and social gaps, by involving all government ministries and setting specific goals. (
  • It also assesses the effectiveness of social and labour market policies in tackling poverty and high inequalities. (
  • Surviving Poverty documents the ways in which social ties become beneficial and sustainable, allowing members to share their skills and resources and providing those living in similar situations a space to unite and speak collectively to the growing and deepening poverty in the United States. (
  • Surviving Poverty is invested in both structural and social change and demonstrates the power support services can have to foster relationships and build sustainable social ties for those living in poverty. (
  • And what do we, each of us, truly know and understand about the effects of poverty on learning and social behaviors? (
  • These movements shape the sociocultural and political economic structures that constitute poverty and privilege as material and social relations. (
  • This page addresses links between poverty, health and development that affect political, social, and economic issues on a global scale. (
  • CARE works around the globe to save lives, defeat poverty and achieve social justice. (
  • However, it is not enough to just measure income poverty: there is the need for an annual, multi-dimensional analysis of poverty and social exclusion. (
  • The seven-year Ecosystem Services for Poverty Alleviation programme, announced at the end of last year, is being funded with more than £40 million (US$62 million) from the UK government's Department for International Development, the Natural Environment Research Council and the Economic and Social Research Council. (
  • Indeed, no social phenomenon is as comprehensive in its assault on human rights as poverty. (
  • Poverty erodes or nullifies economic and social rights such as the right to health, adequate housing, food and safe water, and the right to education. (
  • Poverty may include social, economic, and political elements. (
  • The topics to be covered begin with an examination into the definition and measurement of poverty. (
  • The importance of taking into account multidimensionality in poverty measurement has recently been emphasized. (
  • Counting and multidimensional poverty measurement ," Journal of Public Economics , Elsevier, vol. 95(7), pages 476-487. (
  • Counting and Multidimensional Poverty Measurement ," OPHI Working Papers 7, Queen Elizabeth House, University of Oxford. (
  • Poverty measurement is almost by definition controversial: there is no single, universally accepted definition of poverty. (
  • This is a key time to be thinking about poverty measurement: the Field Review on Poverty and Life Chances has published a report which recommends a focus on the early years and broadens the outlook of poverty measurement. (