Poverty Areas: City, urban, rural, or suburban areas which are characterized by severe economic deprivation and by accompanying physical and social decay.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Income: Revenues or receipts accruing from business enterprise, labor, or invested capital.Residence Characteristics: Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.United StatesFamily Characteristics: Size and composition of the family.Health Status Disparities: Variation in rates of disease occurrence and disabilities between population groups defined by socioeconomic characteristics such as age, ethnicity, economic resources, or gender and populations identified geographically or similar measures.Child Welfare: Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of the child.Social Class: A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.Censuses: Enumerations of populations usually recording identities of all persons in every place of residence with age or date of birth, sex, occupation, national origin, language, marital status, income, relation to head of household, information on the dwelling place, education, literacy, health-related data (e.g., permanent disability), etc. The census or "numbering of the people" is mentioned several times in the Old Testament. Among the Romans, censuses were intimately connected with the enumeration of troops before and after battle and probably a military necessity. (From Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 3d ed; Garrison, An Introduction to the History of Medicine, 4th ed, p66, p119)Health Services Accessibility: The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.Urban Population: The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.Vulnerable Populations: Groups of persons whose range of options is severely limited, who are frequently subjected to COERCION in their DECISION MAKING, or who may be compromised in their ability to give INFORMED CONSENT.Public Assistance: Financial assistance to impoverished persons for the essentials of living through federal, state or local government programs.Food Supply: The production and movement of food items from point of origin to use or consumption.Developing Countries: Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.Rural Population: The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.African Americans: Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the black groups of Africa.Social Welfare: Organized institutions which provide services to ameliorate conditions of need or social pathology in the community.Social Conditions: The state of society as it exists or in flux. While it usually refers to society as a whole in a specified geographical or political region, it is applicable also to restricted strata of a society.Social Justice: An interactive process whereby members of a community are concerned for the equality and rights of all.Economics: The science of utilization, distribution, and consumption of services and materials.Urban Health: The status of health in urban populations.Neglected Diseases: Diseases that are underfunded and have low name recognition but are major burdens in less developed countries. The World Health Organization has designated six tropical infectious diseases as being neglected in industrialized countries that are endemic in many developing countries (HELMINTHIASIS; LEPROSY; LYMPHATIC FILARIASIS; ONCHOCERCIASIS; SCHISTOSOMIASIS; and TRACHOMA).Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Health Status: The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.Healthcare Disparities: Differences in access to or availability of medical facilities and services.European Continental Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Europe.Financing, Personal: Payment by individuals or their family for health care services which are not covered by a third-party payer, either insurance or medical assistance.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Educational Status: Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.United Nations: An international organization whose members include most of the sovereign nations of the world with headquarters in New York City. The primary objectives of the organization are to maintain peace and security and to achieve international cooperation in solving international economic, social, cultural, or humanitarian problems.Public Policy: A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions.Catastrophic Illness: An acute or prolonged illness usually considered to be life-threatening or with the threat of serious residual disability. Treatment may be radical and is frequently costly.Small-Area Analysis: A method of analyzing the variation in utilization of health care in small geographic or demographic areas. It often studies, for example, the usage rates for a given service or procedure in several small areas, documenting the variation among the areas. By comparing high- and low-use areas, the analysis attempts to determine whether there is a pattern to such use and to identify variables that are associated with and contribute to the variation.Hispanic Americans: Persons living in the United States of Mexican (MEXICAN AMERICANS), Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, or other Spanish culture or origin. The concept does not include Brazilian Americans or Portuguese Americans.Continental Population Groups: Groups of individuals whose putative ancestry is from native continental populations based on similarities in physical appearance.Social Environment: The aggregate of social and cultural institutions, forms, patterns, and processes that influence the life of an individual or community.CaliforniaPartnership Practice, Dental: A voluntary contract between two or more dentists who may or may not share responsibility for the care of patients, with proportional sharing of profits and losses.Health Expenditures: The amounts spent by individuals, groups, nations, or private or public organizations for total health care and/or its various components. These amounts may or may not be equivalent to the actual costs (HEALTH CARE COSTS) and may or may not be shared among the patient, insurers, and/or employers.Ethnic Groups: A group of people with a common cultural heritage that sets them apart from others in a variety of social relationships.Housing: Living facilities for humans.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Sociology: A social science dealing with group relationships, patterns of collective behavior, and social organization.MissouriMedically Uninsured: Individuals or groups with no or inadequate health insurance coverage. Those falling into this category usually comprise three primary groups: the medically indigent (MEDICAL INDIGENCY); those whose clinical condition makes them medically uninsurable; and the working uninsured.Noma: A severe gangrenous process occurring predominantly in debilitated and malnourished children, especially in underdeveloped countries. It typically begins as a small vesicle or ulcer on the gingiva that rapidly becomes necrotic and spreads to produce extensive destruction of the buccal and labial mucosa and tissues of the face, which may result in severe disfigurement and even death. Various bacteria have been implicated in the etiology. (Dorland, 27th ed)Africa South of the Sahara: All of Africa except Northern Africa (AFRICA, NORTHERN).Sociology, Medical: The study of the social determinants and social effects of health and disease, and of the social structure of medical institutions or professions.Ownership: The legal relation between an entity (individual, group, corporation, or-profit, secular, government) and an object. The object may be corporeal, such as equipment, or completely a creature of law, such as a patent; it may be movable, such as an animal, or immovable, such as a building.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Rural Health: The status of health in rural populations.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Cultural Deprivation: The absence of certain expected and acceptable cultural phenomena in the environment which results in the failure of the individual to communicate and respond in the most appropriate manner within the context of society. Language acquisition and language use are commonly used in assessing this concept.Catholicism: The Christian faith, practice, or system of the Catholic Church, specifically the Roman Catholic, the Christian church that is characterized by a hierarchic structure of bishops and priests in which doctrinal and disciplinary authority are dependent upon apostolic succession, with the pope as head of the episcopal college. (From Webster, 3d ed; American Heritage Dictionary, 2d college ed)Health Status Indicators: The measurement of the health status for a given population using a variety of indices, including morbidity, mortality, and available health resources.Agriculture: The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.Insurance, Health: Insurance providing coverage of medical, surgical, or hospital care in general or for which there is no specific heading.ChicagoHuman Development: Continuous sequential changes which occur in the physiological and psychological functions during the life-time of an individual.Demography: Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.Geography: The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)IndiaHealth Policy: Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.Social Problems: Situations affecting a significant number of people, that are believed to be sources of difficulty or threaten the stability of the community, and that require programs of amelioration.Conservation of Natural Resources: The protection, preservation, restoration, and rational use of all resources in the total environment.Employment: The state of being engaged in an activity or service for wages or salary.Interviews as Topic: Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.Unemployment: The state of not being engaged in a gainful occupation.North CarolinaStilbamidines: STILBENES with AMIDINES attached.Apoferritins: The protein components of ferritins. Apoferritins are shell-like structures containing nanocavities and ferroxidase activities. Apoferritin shells are composed of 24 subunits, heteropolymers in vertebrates and homopolymers in bacteria. In vertebrates, there are two types of subunits, light chain and heavy chain. The heavy chain contains the ferroxidase activity.Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.Mothers: Female parents, human or animal.Education: Acquisition of knowledge as a result of instruction in a formal course of study.Allostasis: Biological adaptation, such as the rise of EPINEPHRINE in response to exercise, stress or perceived danger, followed by a fall of epinephrine during RELAXATION. Allostasis is the achievement of stability by turning on and turning off the allostatic systems including the IMMUNE SYSTEM; the AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYSTEM and NEUROENDOCRINE SYSTEMS.African Continental Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Africa.Malnutrition: An imbalanced nutritional status resulted from insufficient intake of nutrients to meet normal physiological requirement.Pharmacovigilance: The detection of long and short term side effects of conventional and traditional medicines through research, data mining, monitoring, and evaluation of healthcare information obtained from healthcare providers and patients.Healthy People Programs: Healthy People Programs are a set of health objectives to be used by governments, communities, professional organizations, and others to help develop programs to improve health. It builds on initiatives pursued over the past two decades beginning with the 1979 Surgeon General's Report, Healthy People, Healthy People 2000: National Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Objectives, and Healthy People 2010. These established national health objectives and served as the basis for the development of state and community plans. These are administered by the Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (ODPHP). Similar programs are conducted by other national governments.BangladeshTropical Medicine: The branch of medicine concerned with diseases, mainly of parasitic origin, common in tropical and subtropical regions.Maternal Welfare: Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of the mother.Single Parent: A natural, adoptive, or substitute parent of a dependent child, who lives with only one parent. The single parent may live with or visit the child. The concept includes the never-married, as well as the divorced and widowed.South Africa: A republic in southern Africa, the southernmost part of Africa. It has three capitals: Pretoria (administrative), Cape Town (legislative), and Bloemfontein (judicial). Officially the Republic of South Africa since 1960, it was called the Union of South Africa 1910-1960.Politics: Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.Mortality: All deaths reported in a given population.Hunger: The desire for FOOD generated by a sensation arising from the lack of food in the STOMACH.Quebec: A province of eastern Canada. Its capital is Quebec. The region belonged to France from 1627 to 1763 when it was lost to the British. The name is from the Algonquian quilibek meaning the place where waters narrow, referring to the gradually narrowing channel of the St. Lawrence or to the narrows of the river at Cape Diamond. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p993 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p440)Rhode IslandEmigration and Immigration: The process of leaving one's country to establish residence in a foreign country.Latin America: The geographic area of Latin America in general and when the specific country or countries are not indicated. It usually includes Central America, South America, Mexico, and the islands of the Caribbean.Delivery of Health Care: The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.Family: A social group consisting of parents or parent substitutes and children.Health Services Needs and Demand: Health services required by a population or community as well as the health services that the population or community is able and willing to pay for.Urban Renewal: The planned upgrading of a deteriorating urban area, involving rebuilding, renovation, or restoration. It frequently refers to programs of major demolition and rebuilding of blighted areas.Rhodobacter capsulatus: Non-pathogenic ovoid to rod-shaped bacteria that are widely distributed and found in fresh water as well as marine and hypersaline habitats.Regression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.Child, Orphaned: Child who has lost both parents through death or desertion.Child Mortality: Number of deaths of children between one year of age to 12 years of age in a given population.Infant Mortality: Postnatal deaths from BIRTH to 365 days after birth in a given population. Postneonatal mortality represents deaths between 28 days and 365 days after birth (as defined by National Center for Health Statistics). Neonatal mortality represents deaths from birth to 27 days after birth.Multivariate Analysis: A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.Disabled Children: Children with mental or physical disabilities that interfere with usual activities of daily living and that may require accommodation or intervention.Sanitation: The development and establishment of environmental conditions favorable to the health of the public.Caribbean Region: The area that lies between continental North and South America and comprises the Caribbean Sea, the West Indies, and the adjacent mainland regions of southern Mexico, Central America, Colombia, and Venezuela.Violence: Individual or group aggressive behavior which is socially non-acceptable, turbulent, and often destructive. It is precipitated by frustrations, hostility, prejudices, etc.Child Nutrition Disorders: Disorders caused by nutritional imbalance, either overnutrition or undernutrition, occurring in children ages 2 to 12 years.Stress, Psychological: Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.Insurance Coverage: Generally refers to the amount of protection available and the kind of loss which would be paid for under an insurance contract with an insurer. (Slee & Slee, Health Care Terms, 2d ed)Data Collection: Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.Zimbabwe: A republic in southern Africa, east of ZAMBIA and BOTSWANA and west of MOZAMBIQUE. Its capital is Harare. It was formerly called Rhodesia and Southern Rhodesia.Public Health: Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.Costa RicaCharities: Social welfare organizations with programs designed to assist individuals in need.FloridaPrejudice: A preconceived judgment made without factual basis.MexicoCrime: A violation of the criminal law, i.e., a breach of the conduct code specifically sanctioned by the state, which through its administrative agencies prosecutes offenders and imposes and administers punishments. The concept includes unacceptable actions whether prosecuted or going unpunished.Child Development: The continuous sequential physiological and psychological maturing of an individual from birth up to but not including ADOLESCENCE.Causality: The relating of causes to the effects they produce. Causes are termed necessary when they must always precede an effect and sufficient when they initiate or produce an effect. Any of several factors may be associated with the potential disease causation or outcome, including predisposing factors, enabling factors, precipitating factors, reinforcing factors, and risk factors.Food Assistance: Food or financial assistance for food given to those in need.Human Rights: The rights of the individual to cultural, social, economic, and educational opportunities as provided by society, e.g., right to work, right to education, and right to social security.World Health: The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.Emigrants and Immigrants: People who leave their place of residence in one country and settle in a different country.Parenting: Performing the role of a parent by care-giving, nurturance, and protection of the child by a natural or substitute parent. The parent supports the child by exercising authority and through consistent, empathic, appropriate behavior in response to the child's needs. PARENTING differs from CHILD REARING in that in child rearing the emphasis is on the act of training or bringing up the children and the interaction between the parent and child, while parenting emphasizes the responsibility and qualities of exemplary behavior of the parent.Minority Groups: A subgroup having special characteristics within a larger group, often bound together by special ties which distinguish it from the larger group.Urbanization: The process whereby a society changes from a rural to an urban way of life. It refers also to the gradual increase in the proportion of people living in urban areas.Medicaid: Federal program, created by Public Law 89-97, Title XIX, a 1965 amendment to the Social Security Act, administered by the states, that provides health care benefits to indigent and medically indigent persons.AfricaFees and Charges: Amounts charged to the patient as payer for health care services.Commerce: The interchange of goods or commodities, especially on a large scale, between different countries or between populations within the same country. It includes trade (the buying, selling, or exchanging of commodities, whether wholesale or retail) and business (the purchase and sale of goods to make a profit). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, p411, p2005 & p283)Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.BrazilPopulation Surveillance: Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.Capital Expenditures: Those funds disbursed for facilities and equipment, particularly those related to the delivery of health care.NicaraguaEconomic Recession: Significant decline in economic activity spread across the economy, lasting more than a few months, normally visible in real gross domestic product, real income, employment, industrial production, and wholesale-retail sales. (National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, www.nber.org/cycles.html, accessed 4/23/2009)Age Distribution: The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.New York CityPublic Sector: The area of a nation's economy that is tax-supported and under government control.Environmental Health: The science of controlling or modifying those conditions, influences, or forces surrounding man which relate to promoting, establishing, and maintaining health.Nutritional Status: State of the body in relation to the consumption and utilization of nutrients.MichiganHealth Care Surveys: Statistical measures of utilization and other aspects of the provision of health care services including hospitalization and ambulatory care.Health Planning Councils: Organized groups serving in advisory capacities related to health planning activities.Developed Countries: Countries that have reached a level of economic achievement through an increase of production, per capita income and consumption, and utilization of natural and human resources.Social Planning: Interactional process combining investigation, discussion, and agreement by a number of people in the preparation and carrying out of a program to ameliorate conditions of need or social pathology in the community. It usually involves the action of a formal political, legal, or recognized voluntary body.Southeastern United States: The geographic area of the southeastern region of the United States in general or when the specific state or states are not included. The states usually included in this region are Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, West Virginia, and Virginia.Health Promotion: Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Geographic Information Systems: Computer systems capable of assembling, storing, manipulating, and displaying geographically referenced information, i.e. data identified according to their locations.Financial Management: The obtaining and management of funds for institutional needs and responsibility for fiscal affairs.Nutrition Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to the nutritional status of a human population within a given geographic area. Data from these surveys are used in preparing NUTRITION ASSESSMENTS.Social Support: Support systems that provide assistance and encouragement to individuals with physical or emotional disabilities in order that they may better cope. Informal social support is usually provided by friends, relatives, or peers, while formal assistance is provided by churches, groups, etc.BostonHIV Infections: Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).Eligibility Determination: Criteria to determine eligibility of patients for medical care programs and services.Public Housing: Housing subsidized by tax funds, usually intended for low income persons or families.Pregnancy in Adolescence: Pregnancy in human adolescent females under the age of 19.Group Practice, Dental: Any group of three or more full-time dentists, organized in a legally recognized entity for the provision of dental care, sharing space, equipment, personnel and records for both patient care and business management, and who have a predetermined arrangement for the distribution of income.ArtToilet Facilities: Facilities provided for human excretion, often with accompanying handwashing facilities.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Social Change: Social process whereby the values, attitudes, or institutions of society, such as education, family, religion, and industry become modified. It includes both the natural process and action programs initiated by members of the community.Health Services: Services for the diagnosis and treatment of disease and the maintenance of health.Internationality: The quality or state of relating to or affecting two or more nations. (After Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)Health Behavior: Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.Life Change Events: Those occurrences, including social, psychological, and environmental, which require an adjustment or effect a change in an individual's pattern of living.Sarcoma Virus, Woolly Monkey: A species of GAMMARETROVIRUS producing tumors in primates. Originally isolated from a fibrosarcoma in a woolly monkey, WMSV is a replication-defective v-onc virus which carries the sis oncogene. In order to propagate, WMSV requires a replication-competent helper virus.Communicable DiseasesQualitative Research: Any type of research that employs nonnumeric information to explore individual or group characteristics, producing findings not arrived at by statistical procedures or other quantitative means. (Qualitative Inquiry: A Dictionary of Terms Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1997)CambodiaFinancing, Organized: All organized methods of funding.Hygiene: The science dealing with the establishment and maintenance of health in the individual and the group. It includes the conditions and practices conducive to health. (Webster, 3d ed)Multilevel Analysis: The statistical manipulation of hierarchically and non-hierarchically nested data. It includes clustered data, such as a sample of subjects within a group of schools. Prevalent in the social, behavioral sciences, and biomedical sciences, both linear and nonlinear regression models are applied.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Culture: A collective expression for all behavior patterns acquired and socially transmitted through symbols. Culture includes customs, traditions, and language.South CarolinaSocial Determinants of Health: The circumstances in which people are born, grow up, live, work, and age, as well as the systems put in place to deal with illness. These circumstances are in turn shaped by a wider set of forces: economics, social policies, and politics (http://www.cdc.gov/socialdeterminants/).AlabamaWomen: Human females as cultural, psychological, sociological, political, and economic entities.Community Health Services: Diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive health services provided for individuals in the community.Financing, Government: Federal, state, or local government organized methods of financial assistance.Sex Distribution: The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Psychosocial Deprivation: The absence of appropriate stimuli in the physical or social environment which are necessary for the emotional, social, and intellectual development of the individual.Topography, Medical: The systematic surveying, mapping, charting, and description of specific geographical sites, with reference to the physical features that were presumed to influence health and disease. Medical topography should be differentiated from EPIDEMIOLOGY in that the former emphasizes geography whereas the latter emphasizes disease outbreaks.Marriage: The social institution involving legal and/or religious sanction whereby individuals are joined together.Racism: Differential treatment or unequal access to opportunities, based on group membership such as origin or ethnicity.Uncompensated Care: Medical services for which no payment is received. Uncompensated care includes charity care and bad debts.Literature, ModernEthical Theory: A philosophically coherent set of propositions (for example, utilitarianism) which attempts to provide general norms for the guidance and evaluation of moral conduct. (from Beauchamp and Childress, Principles of Biomedical Ethics, 4th ed)History, 19th Century: Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome: An acquired defect of cellular immunity associated with infection by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), a CD4-positive T-lymphocyte count under 200 cells/microliter or less than 14% of total lymphocytes, and increased susceptibility to opportunistic infections and malignant neoplasms. Clinical manifestations also include emaciation (wasting) and dementia. These elements reflect criteria for AIDS as defined by the CDC in 1993.Fast Foods: Prepared food that is ready to eat or partially prepared food that has a final preparation time of a few minutes or less.Catchment Area (Health): A geographic area defined and served by a health program or institution.Food: Any substances taken in by the body that provide nourishment.Medical Indigency: The condition in which individuals are financially unable to access adequate medical care without depriving themselves and their dependents of food, clothing, shelter, and other essentials of living.Mental Health: The state wherein the person is well adjusted.Ghana: A republic in western Africa, south of BURKINA FASO and west of TOGO. Its capital is Accra.History, 20th Century: Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.
Economic determinants and dietary consequences of food insecurity in the United States. (1/4330)This paper reviews recent research on the economic determinants and dietary consequences of food insecurity and hunger in the United States. The new Current Population Study (CPS) food insecurity and hunger measure shows that hunger rates decline sharply with rising incomes. Despite this strong relationship, confirmed in other national datasets, a one-to-one correspondence between poverty-level incomes and hunger does not exist. In 1995, 13.1% of those in poverty experienced hunger and half of those experiencing hunger had incomes above the poverty level. Panel data indicate that those who are often food insufficient are much more likely than food-sufficient households to have experienced recent events that stress household budgets, such as losing a job, gaining a household member or losing food stamps. Cross-sectional work also demonstrates the importance of food stamps because benefit levels are inversely related to food insufficiency. Concern for the dietary consequences of domestic food insufficiency is well placed; recent research shows that the odds of consuming intakes <50% of the recommended dietary allowance (RDA) are higher for adult women and elderly individuals from food-insufficient households. Preschoolers from food-insufficient households do not consume significantly lower amounts than those from food-sufficient households, but mean intakes for the rest of members in those very same households are significantly lower for the food insufficient. This research highlights the importance of food insecurity and hunger indicators, further validates the use of self-reported measures and points to areas of need for future research and interventions. (+info)
Food insecurity: consequences for the household and broader social implications. (2/4330)A conceptual framework showing the household and social implications of food insecurity was elicited from a qualitative and quantitative study of 98 households from a heterogeneous low income population of Quebec city and rural surroundings; the study was designed to increase understanding of the experience of food insecurity in order to contribute to its prevention. According to the respondents' description, the experience of food insecurity is characterized by two categories of manifestations, i.e., the core characteristics of the phenomenon and a related set of actions and reactions by the household. This second category of manifestations is considered here as a first level of consequences of food insecurity. These consequences at the household level often interact with the larger environment to which the household belongs. On a chronic basis, the resulting interactions have certain implications that are tentatively labeled "social implications" in this paper. Their examination suggests that important aspects of human development depend on food security. It also raises questions concerning the nature of socially acceptable practices of food acquisition and food management, and how such acceptability can be assessed. Guidelines to that effect are proposed. Findings underline the relevance and urgency of working toward the realization of the right to food. (+info)
Predicting longitudinal growth curves of height and weight using ecological factors for children with and without early growth deficiency. (3/4330)Growth curve models were used to examine the effect of genetic and ecological factors on changes in height and weight of 225 children from low income, urban families who were assessed up to eight times in the first 6 y of life. Children with early growth deficiency [failure to thrive (FTT)] (n = 127) and a community sample of children without growth deficiency (n = 98) were examined to evaluate how genetic, child and family characteristics influenced growth. Children of taller and heavier parents, who were recruited at younger ages and did not have a history of growth deficiency, had accelerated growth from recruitment through age 6 y. In addition, increases in height were associated with better health, less difficult temperament, nurturant mothers and female gender; increases in weight were associated with better health. Children with a history of growth deficiency demonstrated slower rates of growth than children in the community group without a history of growth deficiency. In the community group, changes in children's height and weight were related to maternal perceptions of health and temperament and maternal nurturance during feeding, whereas in the FTT group, maternal perceptions and behavior were not in synchrony with children's growth. These findings suggest that, in addition to genetic factors, growth is dependent on a nurturant and sensitive caregiving system. Interventions to promote growth should consider child and family characteristics, including maternal perceptions of children's health and temperament and maternal mealtime behavior. (+info)
Influence of prenatal iron and zinc supplements on supplemental iron absorption, red blood cell iron incorporation, and iron status in pregnant Peruvian women. (4/4330)BACKGROUND: It is estimated that 60% of pregnant women worldwide are anemic. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to examine the influence of iron status on iron absorption during pregnancy by measuring supplemental iron absorption, red blood cell iron incorporation, and iron status in pregnant women. DESIGN: Subjects were 45 pregnant Peruvian women (33+/-1 wk gestation), of whom 28 received daily prenatal supplements containing 60 mg Fe and 250 microg folate without (Fe group, n = 14) or with (Fe+Zn group, n = 14) 15 mg Zn, which were were consumed from week 10 to 24 of gestation until delivery. The remaining 17 women (control) received no prenatal supplementation. Iron status indicators and isotopes were measured in maternal blood collected 2 wk postdosing with oral (57Fe) and intravenous (58Fe) stable iron isotopes. RESULTS: Maternal serum ferritin and folate concentrations were significantly influenced by supplementation (P < 0.05). Serum iron was also significantly higher in the Fe than in the Fe+Zn (P < 0.03) or control (P < 0.001) groups. However, the supplemented groups had significantly lower serum zinc concentrations than the control group (8.4+/-2.3 and 10.9+/-1.8 micromol/L, respectively, P < 0.01). Although percentage iron absorption was inversely related to maternal serum ferritin concentrations (P = 0.036), this effect was limited and percentage iron absorption did not differ significantly between groups. CONCLUSIONS: Because absorption of nonheme iron was not substantially greater in pregnant women with depleted iron reserves, prenatal iron supplementation is important for meeting iron requirements during pregnancy. (+info)
Geography of intestinal permeability and absorption. (5/4330)BACKGROUND: Intestinal morphology and function vary geographically. AIMS: These functions were assessed in asymptomatic volunteers in European, North American, Middle Eastern, Asian, African, and Caribbean countries. METHODS: Five hour urine collections were obtained from each subject following ingestion of a 100 ml iso-osmolar test solution containing 3-0-methyl-D-glucose, D-xylose, L-rhamnose, and lactulose after an overnight fast, to assess active (3-0-methyl-D-glucose) and passive (D-xylose) carrier mediated, and non-mediated (L-rhamnose) absorption capacity, as well as intestinal permeability (lactulose:rhamnose ratio). RESULTS: A comparison of results for subjects from tropical countries (n=218) with those resident in the combined temperate and subtropical region (Europe, United States, Qatar) (n=224) showed significant differences. Residents in tropical areas had a higher mean lactulose:rhamnose ratio and lower mean five hour recoveries of 3-0-methyl-D-glucose, D-xylose, and L-rhamnose, indicating higher intestinal permeability and lower absorptive capacity. Investigation of visiting residents suggested that differences in intestinal permeability and absorptive capacity were related to the area of residence. Subjects from Texas and Qatar, although comprised of several ethnic groups and resident in a subtropical area, showed no significant difference from European subjects. CONCLUSIONS: There are clearly demarcated variations in intestinal permeability and absorptive capacity affecting asymptomatic residents of different geographical areas which correspond with the condition described as tropical enteropathy. Results suggest the importance of environmental factors. The parameters investigated may be relevant to the predisposition of the indigenous population and travellers to diarrhoeal illness and malnutrition. Intestinal function in patients from the tropics may be difficult to interpret, but should take into account the range of values found in the asymptomatic normal population. (+info)
Prevalence and social correlates of cardiovascular disease risk factors in Harlem. (6/4330)OBJECTIVES: This study examined the prevalence, social correlates, and clustering of cardiovascular disease risk factors in a predominantly Black, poor, urban community. METHODS: Associations of risk factor prevalences with sociodemographic variables were examined in a population-based sample of 695 men and women aged 18 to 65 years living in Central Harlem. RESULTS: One third of the men and women were hypertensive, 48% of the men and 41% of the women were smokers, 25% of the men and 49% of the women were overweight, and 23% of the men and 35% of the women reported no leisure-time physical activity over the past month. More than 80% of the men and women had at least 1 of these risk factors, and 9% of the men and 19% of the women had 3 or more risk factors. Income and education were inversely related to hypertension, smoking, and physical inactivity. Having 3 or more risk factors was associated with low income and low education (extreme odds ratio [OR] = 10.2, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 3.0, 34.5 for education; OR = 3.7, CI = 1.6, 8.9 for income) and with a history of unstable work or of homelessness. CONCLUSIONS: Disadvantaged, urban communities are at high risk for cardiovascular disease. These results highlight the importance of socioenvironmental factors in shaping cardiovascular risk. (+info)
Efficacy of Haemophilus influenzae type b conjugate vaccines and persistence of disease in disadvantaged populations. The Haemophilus Influenzae Study Group. (7/4330)OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) conjugate vaccines among children aged 2 to 18 months and to determine risk factors for invasive Hib disease during a period of declining incidence (1991-1994). METHODS: A prospective population-based case-control study was conducted in a multistate US population of 15.5 million. A laboratory-based active surveillance system was used for case detection. RESULTS: In a multivariate analysis, having a single-parent mother (odds ratio [OR] = 4.3, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.2, 14.8) and household crowding (OR = 3.5, 95% CI = 1.03, 11.7) were risk factors for Hib disease independent of vaccination status. After adjustment for these risk factors, the protective efficacy of 2 or more Hib vaccine doses was 86% (95% CI = 16%, 98%). Among undervaccinated subjects, living with a smoker (P = .02) and several indicators of lower socioeconomic status were risk factors for Hib disease. CONCLUSIONS: Hib disease still occurs at low levels in the United States, predominantly in socioeconomically disadvantaged populations. Low immunization coverage may facilitate continuing transmission of Hib. Special efforts to achieve complete and timely immunization in disadvantaged populations are needed. (+info)
Abbreviated measures of food sufficiency validly estimate the food security level of poor households: measuring household food security. (8/4330)This study was designed to develop an abbreviated method that captures both the qualitative and quantitative dimensions of household food security (HFS). Women in poor and very poor households (n = 238) in a peri-urban barrio in Caracas, Venezuela, provided data on food availability and their perception of food resource constraints and hunger experiences within the home. Socioeconomic data and food-related behavior that may predict HFS levels were gathered. On average, the top 12 food contributors of energy provided 81% and predicted more than 90% of the variation in households' total energy availability using stepwise regression analysis. On the other hand, a 4-point 12-item scale was shown to have face, content and construct validity with reiterative testing, factor analysis and a Chronbach's alpha coefficient of 0.92. Assessing predictors of energy availability together with a self-perceived HFS scale may provide a valid and reliable method for identifying and monitoring food security levels among poor urban households. (+info)
Poverty trap | Article about poverty trap by The Free Dictionary
Xi urges efforts to eradicate extreme poverty - Xinhua | English.news.cn
Chinese President Xi Jinping (C back) gives a speech while presiding over a symposium on poverty relief in Taiyuan, capital of north Chinas Shanxi Province, June 23, 2017. (Xinhua/Pang Xinglei). TAIYUAN, June 24 (Xinhua) -- Chinese President Xi Jinping has called on enhanced efforts and precise measures to eradicate extreme poverty.. Xi, also general secretary of the Communist Party of China Central Committee, made the remarks when presiding over a symposium on poverty relief Friday in northern Chinas Shanxi Province.. It must be ensured that areas and people stricken by extreme poverty enter a "moderately prosperous society" along with the rest of the nation, Xi said. ...
Press conference on poverty alleviation and rural revitalization- China.org.cn
Zhao Jiangtao, person in charge of the Press Center for the Celebration of the 70th Anniversary of the Founding of the Peoples Republic of China: Ladies and gentlemen, media friends, good morning. Welcome to the third press conference held in the press center. The theme of this conference is rural revitalization and poverty alleviation. Since the founding of the Peoples Republic of China in 1949, substantial developments have been achieved in the work related to agriculture and rural areas. Remarkable achievements have been recorded, indeed. The Chinese people have risen up and become rich. With the continuous progress of poverty alleviation, we are getting closer to completing the task of building a moderately prosperous society in all aspects.. Today, we are delighted to invite Mr. Han Changfu, director of the Office of the Central Rural Work Leading Group and minister of agriculture and rural affairs, and Mr. Liu Yongfu, director of the Office of State Council Leading Group of Poverty ...
More Africans in extreme poverty than in 1990: UN
What Does Extreme Poverty Look Like? - CHOICE Humanitarian
Education: Children living in extreme poverty often lack access to the most fundamental elements of education. There may be a school house, but there are no books or school supplies. Or the "teacher" is barely literate. Not only does a lack of education make it extremely difficult for a child to escape extreme poverty, but it can also do the same for many adults. Many poor adults living in remote locations speak a regional language or dialect that is not understood by others in their country, making it difficult for them to trade their goods with those outside the village or district. Economic Development: For every 100 people in the United States who want to work, more than 96 currently have a job. How did we come to have it so good? In part, because we have near universal literacy and most workers can do simple arithmetic. We have dozens of banks and credit unions willing to lend money at low rates. We have a well-developed distribution system that gets food from the farm to the local market ...
Can We End Extreme Poverty by 2030? | ERLC
Would you say that over the past three decades (since about the mid-1980s) the percentage of people in the world who live in extreme poverty - previously defined as living on less than $1.25 per day - has:. A) Increased. B) Decreased. C) remained the same. The right answer is B: extreme poverty has decreased by more than half during that time period. Yet according to a Barna Group survey taken in 2014, more than eight in 10 Americans (84 percent) were unaware global poverty has reduced so drastically, and more than two-thirds (67 percent) said they thought global poverty had risen.. Additionally, more than two-thirds of US adults (68 percent) said they dont believe its possible to end extreme global poverty within the next 25 years. One exception to this pessimism was practicing Christians. Defined by Barna as people who have attended a church service in the past month and say their religious faith is very important in their life, practicing Christians under 40 are the most optimistic at ...
Youth literacy, extreme poverty and population growth updated!
Can a hazardous event be another source of poverty traps ?
Downloadable! This paper aims to present another explanation for poverty traps, by the presence of hazardous event probability. We show that adaptation and mitigation policies have different effects on the occurrence of poverty traps : the former could cause a poverty trap while the latter could save from the trap since it decreases the abrupt event probability. As a result, we present a new trade-off between adaptation and mitigation policy other than the usual dynamic trade-off highlighted in many studies (Zemel (2015), Tsur and Zemel (2015)), which is crucial for developing countries. Our simulation results show that a trapped economy adopts an aggressive exploitation policy with higher abrupt event risk while the economy at high equilibrium becomes more precautionary. We also show that when the economy faces a higher risk, the ratio between adaptation and mitigation increases.
Poverty alleviation and social disadvantage /
Web-based asthma program dramatically improves disease management for low-income blac...( Low-income African-American high...
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Poverty Alleviation | State House Uganda
One of the things that the President has been fighting endlessly is poverty. This is why he set up the Presidential Initiative on Poverty and Hunger. The Poverty Alleviation Department (PAD) in State House was established in 2000 as a clearing house for pledges made by President Yoweri Museveni. In 2003, the department was mandated to develop wealth creation models. The department has so far designed more than 12 initiatives aimed at increasing productivity and value addition.. A model parish is an innovation evolved by the President to demonstrate how systematically a high concentration of projects in a model parish can be used to tackle poverty and speed up rural transformation.. PAD works in tandem with other government anti-poverty initiatives. The programme aims at enhancing or supplementing the five pillars of the Poverty Alleviation Programme (PAP) and the Prosperity For All programme, especially the element that calls for the creation of Savings and Credit Cooperative Societies ...
November 2017 - DeBrunner & Associates DeBrunner & Associates
Hospitals and other health care providers say it is an essential tool in ensuring access to care, and to prescription drugs, for their low-income patients.. Pharmaceutical companies say it has expanded beyond its original purpose and is being used by hospitals to pad their profits.. Members of Congress are divided: some are supportive and some are skeptical.. The section 340B program that requires drug companies to provide discounts to selected hospitals and other providers that serve large numbers of low-income patients has been the subject of controversy in recent years. During that time, the administration has generally sided with hospitals and maintained the program.. That support was tempered recently when the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services proposed a 28 percent cut in Medicare payments to hospitals for drugs provided to low-income patients through the 340B program. Hospital industry groups responded by suing the federal government and will have their day in court later this ...
Sabinet | The impact of diarrhoea in infants on the quality of life of low-income households : original research
Background: This article reports on a study that explored the impact of diarrhoea in babies on the quality of life of low-income households. Diarrhoeal diseases continue to be an important cause of illness and death worldwide. One major cause of infantile diarrhoea is the rotavirus, an airborne virus to which almost all children in both the developing and developed world will be exposed to at least once. The study, as well as the clinical trials and cost studies, was commissioned by GlaxoSmithKline to assist in the decision-making processes regarding whether and how to implement a newly developed vaccine against rotavirus through national immunisation programmes. The objective of the study was to obtain a comprehensive understanding of the impact of severe diarrhoea in babies on the quality of life of a selected group of low-income households. Methods: The study was qualitative, explorative and descriptive in nature. A recently developed quality of life (QoL) assessment instrument, based on a
Rural Health Promotion and Poverty Alleviation Initiative
... (RUHEPAI) is a registered Non Governmental Organization (S.5914/5624) operating in rural communities of Uganda to promote sustainable approaches to poverty alleviation, proper land use and management, environmental conservation, food security attainment, water, hygiene and sanitation, sexual reproductive health and HIV/AIDS.
Maps Mania: Mapping Child Poverty in London
Child Poverty in London includes a number of maps of the data. These include three static maps created with QGIS (showing child poverty in 2008, 2013 and the changes in child poverty 2008-2013), an OpenLayers map (showing the changes in child poverty rates), and a Leaflet map which allows you to view the 2008 & 2013 child poverty rates and also view the changes in child poverty 2008-2013 ...
Mid-Term Review of Ecosystem Services for Poverty Alleviation (ESPA) Programme | POGO
DFID, NERC and ESRC are seeking to commission an independent external Mid-Term Review (MTR) of the Ecosystem Services for Poverty Alleviation (ESPA) Programme. The Review is being managed by the ESRC on behalf of the funders.. ESPA is a seven-year £40.5 million investment. It aims to deliver high-quality, cutting-edge research that will improve understanding of the way ecosystems function, the services they provide and their relationship with the political economy and sustainable growth. ESPAs research will provide the evidence and tools to enable decision-makers to manage ecosystems sustainably and in a way that contributes to poverty alleviation.. ...
New Report Calls for Scale-Up of Financial Services 'Pathways' to Help End Extreme Poverty - NextBillion
Thursday, December 10, 2015. The Microcredit Summit Campaign released its 17th annual survey of the global microfinance industry December 9th at the Inclusive Finance India Summit held in New Delhi, India. Campaign Director Larry Reed featured the publication, "Mapping Pathways out of Poverty: The State of the Microcredit Summit Campaign Report, 2015," in his presentation on Wednesday to attendees of Indias premier financial inclusion conference.. According to the report, the global microfinance community reached 211 million borrowers in 2013, 114 million of whom were living in extreme poverty (households living on less than $1.90 per day, PPP). While the microfinance community provided loans to the most clients since the Microcredit Summit Campaign began tracking this number in 1997, the number of poorest clients fell for the third straight year.. The report underscores that the challenge microfinance faces in realizing its original goal - to alleviate poverty by providing quality microfinance ...
US poverty rate unchanged; record numbers persist | LAMonitor.com
WASHINGTON (AP) - The nations poverty rate remained stuck at a record level last year, while household income dropped and the number of people who dont have health insurance declined. A Census Bureau report released Wednesday provided a mixed picture of the economic well-being of U.S. households for 2011 as the nation enters the final phase of a presidential election campaign in which the economy is the No. 1 issue. The overall poverty rate stood at 15 percent, statistically unchanged from the 15.1 percent rate in the previous year. Experts had expected a rise in the poverty rate for the fourth straight year, but unemployment benefits and modest job gains helped stave that off, the bureau reported. For last year, the official poverty line was an annual income of $23,021 for a family of four. While unemployment eased slightly from 2010 to 2011, the gap between rich and poor increased. The median, or midpoint, household income was $50,054, 1.5 percent lower than 2010 and a second straight
The Influence of Partner Relationship and Social Supports on the Prenatal Health Behaviors of Low Income Women :: Bethel -...
Population Poverty Rates by Sex of Household Head and Residence | Zanran
Data & statistics on Population Poverty Rates by Sex of Household Head and Residence: Poverty Indices according to Region of Residence, Gender, Sector of Employment, Education Level, and Mode of Living of Head of Household (1990, 1996), Disaggregates rural poverty rates across Malawis three regions. Poverty rates in the rural south have historically been highest, while those in the north are lowest. The relative disadvantage of southerners relates in part to land constraints in the face of high population density: the 2008 Population Census puts the population density in the south at 184 persons per square kilometer compared to only ..., Descriptive statistics of variables Variable District-level Access to services Distance from Accra Distance from regional capital Agro-ecological zone Forest Coastal Ethnic fractionalization Share of rural population Population density (log) Literacy rate Headcount ratio Poverty gap Per capita total expenditures (log) Per capita capital expenditures (log) Internal
EPA's Plan to Bring Clean Energy to Low-Income Households | NRDC
Solar projects implemented to serve low-income communities that provide direct electricity bill benefits to low-income community ratepayers are now eligible under the CEIPs low-income projects. This should be seen as a great opportunity by EPA and community advocates to ramp up programs to deliver solar-generating capacity to low-income communities. In addition, doing so aligns the CEIP with the White Houses Clean Energy Savings for All initiative to increase access to solar energy for low- and moderate-income communities. This initiative includes a goal of 1 gigawatt (GW) of solar to low- and moderate- income families by 2020, the launch of the Department of Energys National Community Solar Partnership to help unlock solar access for renters, and the promotion of shared solar policies and programs across the country. The CEIP would help advance these goals.. EPA also seeks comment on the proposed 50 percent/50 percent division of the 300-million short ton of emissions matching pool into ...
Project MUSE - Britain's War on Poverty
In 1999, one in four British children lived in poverty-the third highest child poverty rate among industrialized countries. Five years later, the child poverty rate in Britain had fallen by more than half in absolute terms. How did the British government accomplish this and what can the United States learn from the British experience? Jane Waldfogel offers a sharp analysis of the New Labour governments anti-poverty agenda, its dramatic early success and eventual stalled progress. Comparing Britains anti-poverty initiative to U.S. welfare reform, the book shows how the policies of both countries have affected child poverty, living standards, and well-being in low-income families and suggests next steps for future reforms. Britains War on Poverty evaluates the three-pronged anti-poverty strategy employed by the British government and what these efforts accomplished. British reforms sought to promote work and make work pay, to increase financial support for families with children, and to invest ...
changes over time in uk poverty rates | Zanran
3 Macroeconomic Stability and Economic Growth : Macroeconomic Policy and Poverty Reduction
This pamphlet excerpts a chapter on macroeconomic policy from the Poverty Reduction Policy Source book, a guide prepared by the World Bank and IMF to assist countries in developing and strengthening their poverty reduction strategies. It probes the relationship between macroeconomic policy matters, such as growth and inflation, and the fight against poverty, and explains how sound monetary and fiscal policies-key tools of the macroeconomist-can help to spur growth and ease poverty.
SciELO - Public Health - Childhood poverty and abdominal obesity in adulthood: a systematic review Childhood poverty and...
All the included articles were published in the last ten years. Twelve were performed in high-income countries (11 in Europe 32,33,34,35,36,37,38,39, 40,42,43 and one in New Zealand 41) and one in China 26. Three British articles 33,36,37 used data from the same cohort; two Finnish articles 34,35 likewise analyzed the same cohort; and two Spanish articles 38,39 used data from the same cross-sectional study, evaluating the outcome differently (continuous or categorical variable) or in distinct moments of life. Thus, the 13 articles refer to nine different studies.. Five articles were based on four studies with a cross-sectional design, which collected information on socioeconomic status retrospectively during interviews with individuals 60 years or older 26,38,39,42,43. The other articles were based on five studies with prospective longitudinal designs 32,33,34,35,36,37,40,41. Two Finnish cohorts 32,34,35 and the New Zealand cohort 41 evaluated young adults (24-39 years), while in the British ...
Saúde Pública - Childhood poverty and abdominal obesity in adulthood: a systematic review Childhood poverty and abdominal...
All the included articles were published in the last ten years. Twelve were performed in high-income countries (11 in Europe 32,33,34,35,36,37,38,39, 40,42,43 and one in New Zealand 41) and one in China 26. Three British articles 33,36,37 used data from the same cohort; two Finnish articles 34,35 likewise analyzed the same cohort; and two Spanish articles 38,39 used data from the same cross-sectional study, evaluating the outcome differently (continuous or categorical variable) or in distinct moments of life. Thus, the 13 articles refer to nine different studies.. Five articles were based on four studies with a cross-sectional design, which collected information on socioeconomic status retrospectively during interviews with individuals 60 years or older 26,38,39,42,43. The other articles were based on five studies with prospective longitudinal designs 32,33,34,35,36,37,40,41. Two Finnish cohorts 32,34,35 and the New Zealand cohort 41 evaluated young adults (24-39 years), while in the British ...
The great child poverty conjuring trick | Child Poverty Action Group
Now you see it, now you dont. Steve Bell sums up the governments plans to scrap child poverty targets. Instead of measuring and acting on child poverty, they just want to measure how many children have parents who are out of work and how well they do at their GCSEs.. Reducing child poverty is one of the first duties of any government. And ending child poverty starts with counting it - without tracking whether child poverty is going up or down, the government cant draw up a proper plan to do so. Instead of scrapping targets to end poverty, they should be working hard to meet them.. Sign the petition to tell the government #AllKidsCount. ...
A World Free of Extreme Poverty - But by Which Path?
Childhood poverty may leave its mark › News in Science (ABC Science)
Its no surprise that growing up in poverty makes it more likely youll be poorer as an adult.. But new research shows that the earliest years of life are the most critical in determining future earnings. Even more strikingly, a growing body of research shows that childhood poverty causes lasting changes in the brain - from its overall structure down to the level of gene expression.. These findings highlight the importance of programs that specifically address the needs of the youngest children, the researchers say.. "Early experiences are built into our bodies, for better or worse," says Professor Jack Shonkoff of Harvard University, speaking at a meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science in San Diego.. "If you begin with the experience of adversity and stress, those get translated into changes in brain function and structure that get translated into changes in cellular and neuronal connections, and most recently, down into lasting changes in how the DNA is expressed," ...
Breaking the Cycle of Childhood Poverty | HuffPost
Economic Significance of Specific Export Promotion on Poverty Reduction and Inter- Industry Growth of Ethiopia
Downloadable! Micro simulated general equilibrium approach was used to analyze the economic significance of the current export promotion policy of Ethiopia. Simulation results, in general, indicated little achievements of economic growth and poverty reduction under selective export promotion. In this policy approach, only rural households were able to acquire higher income and lower poverty incidence. These achievements however were transmitted to small and big urban households when export promotion was assumed to be implemented across the board of all agricultural activities. Significant economic and inter-industrial growths were attained when the coffee industry was given equal policy treatments like other export agriculture
World Bank seeks end to extreme poverty by 2030 - World - DAWN.COM
Out of Extreme Poverty: Josphat's Story | Nuru International
49 year-old Josphat Mokami Maroa lives in Nyangiti, Kenya. Anyone who has met him knows to never mistake his soft-spokenness for timidity. Even from the rhythm of his gait, you sense a palpable determination.. Josphat is surrounded by the fruits of his labor: nine healthy children all in school living among three rooms on three arable acres of land. His wife Robi also runs a small shop, in addition to their honey farm and vegetable garden. Josphat has always worked hard; but he can recall season after season when long hours of planting maize, cassava and sorghum didnt yield enough to provide for his wife and then small children. They even lost a six-month old son in 1997. Josphat said of his four decades in extreme poverty, "We had little hope for improvement.". In 2009, Josphat enrolled in a Nuru farming group and received an agriculture loan. Other Nuru members elected him as their chairperson. He eventually joined Nuru Kenya staff and serves today as an Agriculture Field Manager. Here was ...
Take On Extreme Poverty
end extreme poverty
U.N. Goal To Eliminate Extreme Poverty And Fight Diseases Is Hampered By Lack Of Data : Goats and Soda : NPR
The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs): Challenges for Poverty Reduction and Service Delivery in the Rural-Urban Continuum |...
The progress in achieving the target set for the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) continues to be diverse across goals and regions. The goals aim at actualizing a universal standard of being free from grinding poverty, being educated and healthy and having ready access to clean water and sanitation. While progress has lagged for education and health related MDGs, the proportion of people living in extreme poverty has indeed fallen. To accelerate further progress in the latter, development strategies have to attempt to increase not only the rate of growth but also the share of income going to the poorest section of the population along the rural-urban continuum. Economic projections for developing countries prepared by the World Bank state that approximately 970 million people will continue in 2015 to live below $1.25 a day. This would be equivalent to 15.5% of the population in the developing world. Herein, the pertinent challenge of reducing extreme poverty through creation of new income
Democrats' War on Poverty Has Failed | Human Events
What evidence is there to support President Reagans contention that we lost the War on Poverty? If we take a careful look at the statistical data compiled by the U.S. Census Bureau, we find ample evidence that the incidence of poverty remains disturbingly large, both as a percentage of the population and in absolute numbers. To document the point, we will have to struggle through a few paragraphs of statistical data, but the numbers are important if we are to state the case correctly.. The Census Bureau reported in August 2005 that the poverty rate in 2004 had actually increased since 2003, up to 12.7 percent in 2004 from 12.5 percent in 2003. This translated into an additional 1.1 million people in poverty, with some 37 million Americans living in poverty in 2004. The progress eliminating poverty in the forty years since Lyndon Johnson declared war on poverty is negligible. In 1964 the Census Bureau estimated that 19 percent of the U.S. population lived in poverty, approximately 36 million ...
Clinic fills gap for low-income patients needing specialty care
He recalled one woman who had "been through the system 11 times" due to an unresolved dental problem, receiving antibiotics and painkillers each time until she "started having problems bordering on addiction because of the painkillers.". The woman was referred to the dental clinic at Swedish and had one tooth extracted, Gibbon said. "That solved all of this repetition of going to the ER and the primary care physician over and over," he said. "The high utilization was reduced, and the addiction cycle that was starting was ended.". Oral surgeon Dr. Amy Winston, one of the founding members of the Swedish Community Specialty Clinic and dental director at Swedish Hospital, said the beauty of the Swedish clinic model is that no one physician or dentist has to commit too much volunteer time to the work because it is divided among so many people.. She also praised Swedish for treating the whole patient and not trying to compartmentalize its health services into a narrow niche.. "Swedish has a bigger ...
The Hidden Costs of Growing up in the Shadow of Wealth for Low-Income Children | William T. Grant Foundation
Many ask whether our findings in Britain would generalize to low-income children and to other outcomes, such as education, in the United States. Unfortunately, we think they may. Robert Crosnoe recently tested how thousands of low-income children across the United States fared when they attended schools with students with similar versus different socioeconomic status. He found that low-income students did worse in math and science, and also reported more psychosocial problems, when they attended schools that had higher proportion of students from middle- and high-income families. Low-income minority children were the most negatively affected in this study.. Of course, without an experimental study, it is impossible to say that exposure to more affluent neighbors or peers caused low-income children to do worse in these settings. The Moving to Opportunity (MTO) Study tried to overcome this problem by randomly assigning housing vouchers to move families out of high poverty ...
Culturally Specific Diabetes Management Helps Low-Income Patients
Peer Coaching for Low-Income Patients With Diabetes in Primary Care - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies. ...
Progress in Timely Vaccination Coverage Among Children Living in Low-Income Households | Infectious Diseases | JAMA Pediatrics ...
Poverty Alleviation | State House Uganda
In 2000, His Excellency President Yoweri Kaguta Museveni established the Poverty Alleviation Department (PAD) in his office to specifically address wealth creation at household level. Under the Presidents guidance, PAD developed the Presidential Initiative Against Hunger and Poverty to reflect His Excellencys vision in fighting hunger whilst assisting homesteads to generate adequate incomes. The Initiative formally launched in January 2004 in Ruharo Parish in Bushenyi District, is gradually spreading to other districts. To date, there are 19 Model Parishes all over the country under implementation and five in the pipeline. PAD has registered success in the model parishes and is proud that the model parish concept is to be rolled out as a national strategy for fighting poverty at the household level (according to the 2011-2016 NRM Manifesto). PAD identified and linked entrepreneurs to H.E. the President, eventually their projects were funded by Government. They include, Mrs. Kizza of St. Jude ...
Poverty gap index - Wikipedia
The poverty gap index can be interpreted as the average percentage shortfall in income for the population, from the poverty line. If you multiply a countrys poverty gap index by both the poverty line and the total number of individuals in the country you get the total amount of money needed to bring the poor in the population out of extreme poverty and up to the poverty line, assuming perfect targeting of transfers. For example, suppose a country has 10 million individuals, a poverty line of $500 per year and a poverty gap index of 5%. Then an average increase of $25 per individual per year would eliminate extreme poverty. Note that $25 is 5% of the poverty line. The total increase needed to eliminate poverty is US$250 million-$25 multiplied by 10 million individuals. The poverty gap index is an important measure beyond the commonly used headcount ratio. Two regions may have the similar headcount ratio, but distinctly different poverty gap indexes. A higher poverty gap index means that ...
Feds worry that low-income people may not get hepatitis cure | KLEW
Poverty alleviation programmes in India: a social audit. - Free Online Library
Poverty rate | Federal Statistical Office
Poverty means a lack of resources (material, cultural and social) that excludes persons from the minimum acceptable way of life in the country in which they live. People who do not have the financial means to acquire goods and services necessary to an integrated social life are considered poor. This definition is based on the social existence minimum. The poverty rate thus constitutes a basis for the evaluation of social policy. The poverty rate used was calculated according to recommendations from the Swiss Conference of Social Action Institutions (SCSA). It consists of a lump sum for maintenance, individual accommodation costs as well as CHF 100 per month and per person from the age of 16 for other costs ...
Characteristics of Low-Income Households With Very Low Food Security: An Analysis of the USDA GPRA Food Security Indicator -...
This Economic Information Bulletin describes characteristics of low-income households that had very low food security in 2005. The U.S. Department of Agriculture monitors the food security of low-income households to assess how effectively the Governments domestic nutrition assistance programs meet the needs of their target populations. USDA seeks to reduce the prevalence of very low food security among low-income households as part of its strategic plan under the Government Performance and Results Act (GPRA). Nord, Mark
Help With Medications For Low-Income Patients by Dispensary of Hope | Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
The Dispensary of Hope, a growing not-for-profit network, is helping low-income patients get the necessary medications they are not able to afford on their own. Approximately 1,000 medical practices across the country are donating drug samples to Dispensary of Hope that they would normally destroy. The drugs that these medical practices would destroy but send to the Dispensary of Hope are valued at tens of millions of dollars. The Dispensary of Hope is a 30-location medication dispensary system. The network consists of prescription drug contributors, collection and distribution sites, and dispensing medical centers that help patients who do not have insurance coverage and with income levels below 200% of the federal poverty guidelines.. For more information and to see if there is a dispensary near you, please visit the Dispensary of Hope website at http://www.dispensaryofhope.org.. ...
Indiana's Childhood Poverty Rate - WFHB
The 2014 Kids County data book was released this month - evaluating the well being of children in each state. Today, WFHB news director Alycin Beketsh speaks with Indiana Youth Institute President and CEO Bill Stanczykiewicz about Indianas childhood poverty rate for todays community report.. Links ...
Republic of Armenia : Joint Staff Advisory Note on the Second Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper
Summary:. This paper presents a Joint Staff Advisory Note on the Republic of Armenias Second Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP). Armenias poverty and extreme poverty rates declined in 2006 to 26.5 percent and 4.1 percent of the population, respectively-results which surpassed PRSP-1 projections. Inequality also decreased to a rate below the PRSP-1 goal, as measured by a reduction in the Gini coefficient from 0.395 in 2004 to 0.369 in 2006. Prudent fiscal and monetary policies were instrumental in maintaining macroeconomic stability and contributing to poverty reduction.. ...
Government survey: Extreme poverty in Jordan at 15.7% - Middle East Monitor
Some 15.7 per cent of people in Jordan live in extreme poverty, according to the latest survey conducted by the government.. In a press conference, Prime Minister Omar Al-Razzaz said today that the poverty rate was at 14.4 per cent in 2010, up from 13.3 per cent 2008. Unofficial estimates place the poverty rate at 20 per cent in 2016.. Absolute poverty takes in to account all those living on less than $1 a day, according to the World Bank.. A survey on household income and expenditures 2017-2018 issued by the Department of Statistics revealed earlier that there were one million poor people out of 7.1 million Jordanians in the kingdom. There are nearly 10 million people living in Jordan including approximately 1.5 million Syrian refugees.. PM: Jordan seeks to borrow $1bn from World Bank to cover debt ...
Poverty line - definition of poverty line by The Free Dictionary
Define poverty line. poverty line synonyms, poverty line pronunciation, poverty line translation, English dictionary definition of poverty line. Noun 1. poverty line - a level of personal income defining the state of poverty poverty level personal income - the income received by a single individual...
Report says Missouri's child poverty rate continues to grow - Missourinet
Senior Research Associate Florencia Gutierrez believes Missouri should increase its resources for poor families.. "Across the board in children living in high poverty areas and children whose parents lack secure employment, we found an 11% increase," said Gutierrez. "Since the 2008 recession, the unemployment rate has consistently declined. We assumed with that decline we would see a decline in the child poverty rate. That hasnt been the case.". Some of the positive trends included the teen birth rate declining by 39%, fewer teens are abusing alcohol and drugs and the number of teens not graduating from high school on time is at a record low in Missouri.. "We know that at a national level, there has been large investments in education and prevention campaigns when it comes to teen pregnancy and abuse of alcohol and drugs among teens. Weve also seen a large push from the federal government around education to set regulations and to hold states accountable for the drop out crisis that we saw in ...
A Promising Start: Year Up's Initial Impacts on Low-Income Young Adults' Careers - IssueLab
|p|Year Up, a non-profit organization headquartered in Boston, was founded by a former software entrepreneur in 2000 to provide a year of training and work experience to urban young adults ages 18 to 24. It has been able to develop a network of program sites across the country without the constraints imposed by public funding. Initial results from a small-scale impact study conducted by Mobility demonstrate that Year Up students experience remarkable earnings gains after a year in the labor market, compared to a control group. These gains were achieved during one of the worst economic recessions in recent memory, a recession that hit young people particularly April 2011 A Promising Start Year Ups Initial Impacts on Low-Income Young Adults Careers Anne Roder Mark Elliott economic mobility corporation 1 A Promising Start Year Ups Initial Impacts on Low-Income Young Adults Careers hard. Also, the Year Up experience does not deter young people from pursuing further education-program participants are
Ethiopia Achieved Positive Poverty Reduction but Inequalities Persist
Mali : poverty reduction strategy paper-progress report. (eBook, 2014) [WorldCat.org]
USDA ERS - Rural Child Poverty Chart Gallery
Note: Updates to this data product are discontinued. Over 1 in 4 rural children are living in families that are poor, according to the official poverty measure, up from 1 in 5 in 1999, but this change was uneven across the rural landscape. Counties with high vulnerability to child poverty, those with both low young adult education levels and high proportions of children in single-parent families, were generally the most hard-hit by the recession of the past decade and experienced substantial increases in their already high child poverty rates. Along with the recession, an increase in rural children in single-parent households, continuing from the 1990s, was a major contributor to the rise in child poverty after 2000. Three factors that shape the geography of high and increasing rural child poverty are explored below: economic conditions, young adult education levels, and family structure. This collection of maps complements the July 2015 Amber Waves feature, Understanding the Geography of Growth in
400 Million Children Mired in Extreme Poverty | Inter Press Service
Indeed, the report found that half of all people living in absolute poverty in the worlds 35 poorest countries - most of them in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia - are 12 years old or less.. "Children should not be cruelly condemned to a life without hope, without good education, and without access to quality health care. We must do better for them," the Banks president, Jim Yong Kim, said at a press conference here on the eve of the annual meetings here of the Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF).. Later this week, Kim will host a special event with Malala Yousafzai, who was awarded the European Parliaments Sakharov Prize Thursday and is considered a favourite for winning the 2013 Nobel Peace Prize. He said the 16-year-old Pakistani school girl and education activist was a "powerful symbol of hope" for the 400 million children who remain in extreme poverty.. "She would not be denied," he said in a reference to her continuing fight for girls education before and after the 2012 ...
Kansas Childhood Poverty Group Having First Meeting
LDC Arab states: incidence of extreme poverty 2012 | Statista
Archive - Nov 2018 | www.bioquicknews.com
In this grim honorless age of evil greedy Trump, there is yet some great good in the world. Yale College (1973) and University of Connecticut School of Medicine (1977) graduate Charles Halasz, MD, has just been awarded Americares Free Clinics prestigious 2018 Dr. Patch Adams Award for over 20 years of distinguished community service to low-income patients with no insurance or not eligible for government support. Dr. Halasz is a Norwalk, Connecticut dermatologist, who is also board-certified in internal medicine. Dr. Halasz is also Assistant Clinical Professor of Dermatology at Columbia Univristys College of Physicians & Surgeons in New York City. The Dr. Patch Adams award was presented as part of the Fairfield County Medical Association (FCMA) Physician Extraordinaire Award Ceremony October 25. Dr. Halaszs low-income patients, over 200 each year for over 20 years, are typically refugees from foreign countries and continents such as Nepal, the former Yugoslavia, Central America, and South ...
Child Care and Children with Special Needs: Challenges for Low Income Families, 2002-2005
This project was a mixed-method, multi-level study of low income families of children with special needs and the system which served them, focusing primarily on child care, employment, and balancing work and family. This approach included an analysis of existing national and state-level data sets, statewide surveys of parents and child care providers, and a field study to look at these issues at the local level in three selected communities in the state of Maine: Portland, Lewiston/Auburn, and Presque Isle. While the primary focus was on access to child care, this project also looked at the related issues of welfare reform, the impact of work force participation on having a child with special needs, and the issue of coordination of early intervention services with the child care system. The goal was to understand better the issues facing low income families with special needs children across the programs and policies affecting their employment, access to child care, and meeting the special needs ...
Inside the War on Poverty: The Impact of Food Stamps on Birth Outcomes
This paper evaluates the health impact of a signature initiative of the War on Poverty: the roll out of the modern Food Stamp Program (FSP) during the 1960s and early 1970s. Using variation in the month the FSP began operating in each U.S. county, we find that pregnancies exposed to the FSP three months prior to birth yielded deliveries with increased birth weight, with the largest gains at the lowest birth weights. These impacts are evident with difference-in-difference models and event study analyses. Estimated impacts are robust to inclusion of county fixed effects, time fixed effects, measures of other federal transfer spending, state by year fixed effects, and county-specific linear time trends. We also find that the FSP rollout leads to small, but statistically insignificant, improvements in neonatal infant mortality. We conclude that the sizeable increase in income from Food Stamp benefits improved birth outcomes for both whites and African Americans, with larger impacts for births to ...
A tailored nutrition intervention to reduce cardiovascular disease risk in low-income African American women, NC DOCKS (North...
Abstract: African Americans suffer disproportionately from higher rates of diet related chronic diseases compared with Caucasians. The purpose of this project was to design and implement a nutrition education intervention to reduce cardiovascular disease risk factors among low-income, African American caretakers of young children. Study participants were low-income, African American residents of Guilford County, NC, and primary meal preparers and caretakers of a child less than 12 years of age. Participants (N=14) were recruited from community agencies (Guilford County WIC; Department of Social Services) and through a church with a high African American population. Participants received nutrition education classes that addressed barriers to healthy behaviors. Pre and post tests were given to assess changes in nutrition knowledge, attitudes, and self-efficacy regarding dietary behavior. Overall, pre and post test results indicated a significant increase in nutrition knowledge, self reported ...
CPC holds meeting to discuss economy, poverty alleviation, Party publicity work - Xinhua | English.news.cn
BEIJING, April 19 (Xinhua) -- The Political Bureau of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee on Friday held a meeting to discuss the current economic situation, poverty alleviation work in 2018, and a regulation on CPC publicity work.. Xi Jinping, general secretary of the CPC Central Committee, presided over the meeting.. Chinas economy maintained stable operation in the first quarter, with better-than-expected growth rate setting a good start for the year, according to a statement released after the meeting.. However, the economy is faced with many issues and difficulties, as tensions in the external environment tend to rise while downward pressure on the domestic economy remains, the statement said.. The issues are partly due to cyclical factors, but to a larger degree they have deeper structural and institutional roots, and must be tackled with unwavering efforts and sustained patience, the statement said.. The meeting stressed the need to consolidate general economic and ...
Rethinking Entrepreneurship as a Tool for Poverty Alleviation - ANU
Over the past two decades, poverty alleviation efforts have shifted from a focus on foreign aid and building technical capacity to orchestrating new market opportunities. This new approach involves finding ways to connect businesses operating in urban centres with beneficiaries living in rural settings. Such connections may involve the sourcing of agricultural products (e.g. organic grains, coffee) or animal by-products (e.g. honey, milk) from rural producers, as well as the selling of innovative products to rural consumers (e.g. crop insurance, tele-health services, mobile banking).
G04036 - Linking great ape conservation and poverty alleviation in Rwanda - pubs.iied.org
This workshop was organised to provide a space for Rwanda based conservation and development organisations to share their experiences of linking conservation (and particularly great ape conservation) and poverty alleviation, reflecting on what has worked, what hasnt and why; understand the framework for conservation and development policies in Rwanda; identify what changes are needed (from specific practices to national policies) in order to maximise conservation-poverty linkages; and develop practical proposals for how these changes might be brought about, and what role a group of conservation and development organisations in Rwanda could play (for example through information exchange, learning and joint action).. This publication is an output of the Poverty and Conservation Learning Group (PCLG) - Event Report, 2016. ...
Helping Depressed Low-Income Mothers Give Their Young Children a Good Start | Urban Institute
Almost 9 percent of low-income mothers with young children experienced a major depressive episode in the past year. Even though depression is one of the most treatable mental illnesses, more than one-third of these women received no treatment. Untreated parental depression poses risks for childrens cognitive, social, emotional, and behavioral development. It also raises the
Evaluation of a Brief Tailored Motivational Intervention to Prevent Early Childhood Caries - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov
The Detroit Dental Health Project (DDHP)aims to promote oral health and reduce disparities within the community of low-income African-American children (0-5 years) and their main caregivers (14+ years), living in the City of Detroit. The driving theme of the Project is to identify determinants and design interventions to answer the following question: why do some low-income African-American children and their main caregivers have better oral health than others who live in the same community? The Project has 3 support cores, 4 research core projects and 1 pilot study. The Project has selected a multistage random sample of African-American families living in the poorest 39 Census Tracts in the City of Detroit. A total of 1,022 families were recruited and interviewed at a community center in Detroit during the year 2 (2002). We have collected data about the social characteristics of parents, families, and neighborhoods that are associated with disparities in oral health; lead levels in saliva and ...
India govt. accused of concealing poverty by lowering poverty line to 44 cents per day
The deputy chairman of the Planning Commission, Montek Singh Ahluwalia told reporters Tuesday that the poverty line was meant to reflect conditions of "absolute poverty" in the country.. "This poverty line is not the line that we think a person can comfortably survive… the poverty line has been identified as a rock-bottom, bare subsistence kind of line," he said.. Indias poverty line measurements are significantly lower than those used by international organisations like the World Bank, which assesses poverty according to the percentage of people who live on less than $1.25 a day.. The figures from the Planning Commission, an influential government body that formulates national five-year economic plans, suggested overall poverty levels fell from 37.2 percent in 2004-05 to 29.8 percent in 2009-10.. The statistics mean about 360 million Indians now live in poverty, according to the Planning Commission.. The data is used to determine access to welfare benefits for Indias 1.2 billion population. ...
Removing poverty traps in the tax transfer system | The Australia Institute
The Australian tax-transfer system targets those in need and, as a consequence, is prone to poverty traps, areas where higher private income leads to very little gain in disposable income, and high effective marginal tax rates (EMTRs) in general. This can severely impact on peoples ability to work their way out of poverty. Particularly acute disincentives face people in subsidised state rental housing. This paper examines available evidence on the EMTR problem, then looks at various incremental solutions before considering more radical solutions such as the negative income tax (NIT).. ...
www.livebelowtheline.com From May 7th-11th, thousands of Australians will be living on a day to raise money and awareness to combat extreme poverty. Participants challenge themselves to experience what it is like to face extreme poverty, and raise money from sponsors to support overseas development. Head to www.livebelowtheline.com to sign up or make a donation. We ran a competition asking LBLers to submit videos of their tips to (1), how to survive on a day, or (2), raise funds. This video is made from their entries.. Tags: 2, 2012, 720, aid, australia, below, challenge, Charitable, charity, community, CSA, dollar, Extreme Poverty, fundraising, HD, human, LBL, Line, live, live below the line, meal plan, nonprofit, oaktree, Oaktree Foundation, Organization, outreach, poverty, rights, the, video competition, web. ...
The impact of poverty on rural youth | Open Library
Contribution of fisheries and aquaculture to food security and poverty reduction: Assessing the current evidence | WorldFish...
This paper evaluates the existing evidence of how and to what extent capture fisheries and aquaculture contribute to food security and poverty reduction. In doing so the authors evaluate the quality and scientific rigor of that evidence, identify the key conclusions that emerge from the literature, and assess whether these conclusions are consistent across the sources.
UNICEF Viet Nam - Resources - New approach to child poverty developed for Viet Nam
In the context of the Country Programme of Cooperation between the Government of Viet Nam and UNICEF 2006-2010, the Ministry of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs (MOLISA) has coordinated the process of developing a new approach to child poverty for Viet Nam. Among the key outputs of this ongoing process are the child poverty rate and child poverty index presented in the present report.. The present report was prepared by Dr. Chris de Neubourgh, Dr. Franciska Gassman, and Keetie Roelen of the Graduate School of Governance, University of Maastricht, the Netherlands. It is the result of a multi-year process, involving extensive technical consultations and inputs from all relevant ministries including the Ministry of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs, Ministry of Planning and Investment, Ministry of Health, Ministry of Education ...
Cambridge Poverty Symposium 2008 (June 12) - Poverty Watch Ontario
The Social Planning Council of Cambridge and North Dumfries (SPC) held its third annual Poverty Symposium as part of DIRECTIONS DAY on June 12, 2008. The importance and purpose of the 2008 symposium was to engage community groups in ideas and solutions around poverty reduction, to raise awareness of local and national poverty initiatives and to find and utilize a forum for community collaboration.. The SPC welcomed Peggy Matchim and Aisling Gogan, from Newfoundland and Labrador, to speak on the provinces Poverty Reduction Strategy. Aisling outlined the provincial Poverty Reduction Strategy while discussing the developmental process and how community partners were involved. Peggy focused on the community perspective and highlighted the successes and challenges of multi-sector collaboration in St. Johns. Also discussed were meaningful methods used to engage citizens and community reflections on the provinces Poverty Reduction Strategy.. Following the keynote speakers, there were four workshops ...
Employment creation key to poverty reduction in Africa
Maine Family Planning v. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services | Center for Reproductive Rights
The Title X program was created nearly 50 years ago to ensure low-income Americans can afford birth control and other reproductive healthcare. Each year, the Title X program provides 4 million low-income patients with affordable birth control, STD testing, cancer screenings and more. In fact, 60% of women get their usual medical care from a Title X-supported healthcare center. In Maine, 23,800 low-income people receive Title X services every year, the large majority of which are women seeking birth control. Independent providers around the country, like MFP, serve a crucial role in making this healthcare available and affordable to women and families.. Plaintiff(s): The Family Planning Association of Maine d/b/a Maine Family Planning Center Attorney(s): Emily Nestler. Co-Counsel/Cooperating Attorneys: Emily Ullman and Jennifer Saperstein with Covington & Burling LLP; Richard OMeara with Murray Plumb & Murray. Summary:. We filed our complaint in federal district court on March 6, 2019 and filed ...
Togo : Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper-Progress Report-Joint Staff Advisory Note
Summary:. The first Annual Progress Report (APR) of Togo highlights many of the reforms implemented during the first year of the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) while recognizing some weaknesses and implementation constraints. It draws attention to important advances in macrocritical structural reforms, notably in the areas of public financial management; fiscal governance; domestic arrears clearance to private suppliers; and banking sector restructuring. It also presents a macroeconomic framework consistent with the one agreed under the fifth Extended Credit Facility (ECF) review mission. It is recommended that the next APR should elaborate more on the macroeconomic challenges and risks.. ...
Poverty Reduction in Nigeria Using Information Technology: Environment & Agriculture Book Chapter | IGI Global
Public Housing, Concentrated Poverty, and Crime
About 90 percent of the former high-rise public-housing residents stayed in the city of Chicago and many have moved to neighborhoods that are still high poverty but not nearly as high as before (40 percent poverty rate, on average). In fact, the census-block poverty rate rose slightly (between a half and a full percentage point) for all city residents except the 10 percent of the population living in the least-poor neighborhoods. The most concentrated pockets of poverty in Chicago have been effectively dismantled and the residents have fanned out across a much larger area of the city, driving poverty rates up slightly in all but the least poor areas of the city.. Dionissi Aliprantis and I have studied how these public housing demolitions in Chicago have affected crime. We exploit variation in the timing of the closures to measure the closures impact on crime in the census blocks where they are located as well as those within a half-mile radius. We use data on the year that each building was ...
Low parental monitoring predicts subsequent pregnancy among African-American adolescent females<...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Low parental monitoring predicts subsequent pregnancy among African-American adolescent females. AU - Crosby, Richard A.. AU - DiClemente, Ralph J.. AU - Wingood, Gina M.. AU - Harrington, Kathy. AU - Davies, Suzy. AU - Hook, Edward W.. AU - Oh, M. Kim. PY - 2002. Y1 - 2002. N2 - Study Objective: Accumulating evidence suggests that parental monitoring is associated with adolescents sexual risk behaviors. However, evidence associating low parental monitoring with greater odds of becoming pregnant has not been reported. The objective of this study was to prospectively assess the relationship of low perceived parental monitoring with incidence of biologically confirmed pregnancy among a sample of low-income African-American adolescent females. Design: A prospective study. Setting and Participants: African-American females 14-18 years of age were recruited from schools and health clinics in low-income neighborhoods. Adolescents completed an in-depth survey and interview at baseline ...
Talk of federal tax cuts chills affordable housing market, By Elaine S. Povich, April 25, 2017, Stateline: "The planned A.O. Flats housing development in this citys Jamaica Plain neighborhood was billed as an oasis for low- and middle-income families, a place where they could get affordable housing in an increasingly affluent area. Financing was nearly in place and construction was set to begin until President Donald Trump and Congress started talking right after the election about delivering the biggest overhaul of the federal tax code in more than 30 years. Those plans include simplifying tax law as well as cutting taxes, especially for the better-off and for corporations. Suddenly, because of the proposed slash in corporate tax rates, federal low-income housing tax credits, the key to financing almost every affordable housing project in the nation, looked like they might be worth less to investors…". ...
Jeb Bush Stiffs Christian Group on Poverty Video - Mother Jones
More than 100 Christian leaders from the right and the left working under the umbrella group Circle of Protection recently asked all of the presidential candidates to make a three-minute video answering this question: "What would you do as president to offer help and opportunity to hungry and poor people in the United States and around the world?" Ben Carson, Bernie Sanders, Mike Huckabee, Ted Cruz, and Carly Fiorina each responded with videos specifically produced for this project that to varying degrees answer the question. Jeb Bush replied by sending the group a stock campaign ad.. The non-Bush videos are mostly mediocre in production value and content. The Republican candidates couch most of their rhetoric in religious terms, suggesting that they would encourage families and churches take care of their own, with no help from the government. Cruz, in an awkward video, talks directly to the camera to declare the War on Poverty an abject failure. He promises to "reward" Americans who give money ...
Making the Links between Asthma and Healthy Housing for Low-Income Children | Wellesley Institute
Asthma is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality amongst children. Compared to all other age groups, Ontarios children had the highest rates of asthma incidence in 2013. Particularly, low-income groups in Ontario have higher rates of asthma incidence and asthma-related hospitalization than those in middle- and high-income groups. With this evidence, it becomes essential to understand why this disparity occurs and what we can do about it.. One reason why poverty and asthma are linked may be because low-income households are more likely to live in poor-quality housing compared to wealthy households. This type of housing has higher levels of mould, dust mites, cockroaches and other pests. At a young age, a childs lungs are extremely vulnerable to these allergens in the air. International research has demonstrated that these indoor air hazards increase the risk of asthma development amongst children.. Also, low-income families may be less likely to report a health hazard present in ...
Global Health Archives | The Borgen Project
El Salvador stands out as one of the more impoverished countries in Latin America. However, in 2013, the poverty rate dropped from 40 percent to 28.9 percent. The government transformed the national debt by addressing historical conflicts that damaged the economy. Tensions between the government and gang warfare affected 16 percent of the countrys annual GDP. Addressing gang violence through the Youth Employability and Opportunities initiative gives children a future involving better education without the pressure of joining a gang to survive.. The Civil War from 1980-1992 also put an enormous strain on the countrys safety. The Safe El Salvador plan addresses poverty alleviation by strengthening community bonds.. Additionally, health care and job investments have aided the countrys endeavors of poverty alleviation. The Strengthening Public Health Care System project invested in health services that have declined mortality rates and have improved disease prevention. Further, the El Salvador ...
There are 444,000 children in Northern Ireland 103,400 of these children live in poverty - this figure is likely to rise with the implementation of Universal Credit.. The majority (61%) live in households with at least one parent who is working.. That is almost 1 in every 4 children in Northern Ireland living in a family which struggles to provide for their basic needs, providing a warm, adequate home, nutritious food, appropriate clothing and pay for childcare costs. Children whose parents often have to get into debt to pay to make ends meet and do not have the means to save money for unexpected costs or family outings.. Children in poverty are twice as likely to leave school without 5 good GCSEs. They are also more likely to suffer poor mental health and have fewer years of good physical health. Child poverty is not inevitable. It is important to recognise the success of government policy in reducing pensioner poverty. If Government create and put the right policies in place, child poverty can ...
Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation
Poverty and education policy. Critics say the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation has overlooked the links between poverty ... One of the foundation's goals is to lower poverty by increasing the number of college graduates in the United States, and the ... They contend that the Gates Foundation should be embracing anti-poverty and living wage policies rather than pursuing untested ... As a result, its investments include companies that have been criticized for worsening poverty in the same developing countries ...
Poverty reduction. Basic income is often argued for by its advocates because of its potential to reduce poverty, or even ... Paul Vallée, a Canadian tech-entrepreneur and CEO of Pythian argues that automation is at least as likely to increase poverty ... The minimum income, the idea to eradicate poverty by targeting the poor, is in contradiction with basic income given "to all", ... Charles M.A. Clark estimates that the United States could support a Basic Income large enough to eliminate poverty and continue ...
Poverty. The Hotel Empress at 235 East Hastings was built in 1912-1913. Like many SROs in the DTES, it was originally ... The area, one of the city's oldest, is notable for its levels of drug use, poverty, mental illness, sex work, homelessness, and ... their goal is for the DTES to include a mixture of income levels and avoid the problems associated with concentrated poverty, ...
Poverty. Further information: Poverty. A major hurdle to achieve sustainability is the alleviation of poverty. It has ... Poverty - End poverty in all its forms everywhere. *Food - End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and ... "Linking Poverty to Environmental Sustainability" (PDF). UNDP-UNEP Poverty - Environment Initiative. Retrieved 2011-04-02.. ... "Goal 1: No poverty". UNDP. Archived from the original on 29 September 2015. Retrieved 28 September 2015.. ...
Following the coup trends of decreasing poverty and extreme poverty were reversed. The nation saw a poverty increase of 13.2 ... Honduras' Poverty Reduction Strategy was implemented in 1999 and aimed to cut extreme poverty in half by 2015. While ... In 2010, 50% of the population were living below the poverty line. By 2016 more than 66% were living below the poverty line ... Poverty is concentrated in rural Honduras, a pattern that is reflected throughout Latin America. The effects of poverty on ...
Child marriage in the United States
Poverty and access to healthcare. According to a UNFPA report, social and economic status, culture norms and values, and ... Women living in poverty-stricken areas are more likely to be obese and engage in unhealthy behaviors such as cigarette smoking ... "Maternal deaths are both caused by poverty and are a cause of it. The costs of childbirth can quickly exhaust a family's income ... Poverty, malnutrition, and substance abuse may contribute to impaired cognitive, motor, and behavioral problems across ...
Poverty. Poverty has been linked to poor prenatal care and has been an influence on prenatal development. Women in ... Women under 16 and over 35 have a higher risk of preterm labor (premature baby), and this risk increases for women in poverty, ... poverty are more likely to have children at a younger age, which results in low birth weight. Many of these expecting mothers ...
Feminist views on prostitution
Coercion and poverty. See also: Survival sex. These feminists do argue that, in most cases, prostitution is not a ... Poverty is the single greatest "push" factor making women vulnerable to accepting prostitution as a means of subsistence.[ ... it is generally the result of extreme poverty and lack of opportunity, or of serious underlying problems, such as drug ... further puts the economy behind and increases vulnerabilities that Human traffickers prey on like minimal education and poverty ...
Youth in South Africa
Poverty. Approximately 40% of South Africans lived in poverty as of 2009. Approximately 17 million young people under ... South African youth in poverty often look to higher education as a means to a better life. However, access to higher education ... Approximately 66% of Black African youth and 44% of Coloured youth live in poverty, compared to 16% of Indian youth and 4% of ... The burden of many of these inequalities falls on South African youth in terms of education, employment, poverty, and health ...
Poverty. Part of Charles Booth's poverty map showing the Old Nichol, a slum in the East End of London. Published 1889 in Life ... a b c Barbara Daniels, Poverty and Families in the Victorian Era Archived 6 December 2008 at the Wayback Machine ... Martin Daunton, Progress and Poverty: An Economic and Social History of Britain 1700-1850 (1995) p 491. ...
"Biofuel use increasing poverty". BBC News. June 25, 2008.. *^ Ferrett, Grant (October 27, 2007). "Biofuels 'crime against ... Sen, Amartya Kumar (1981). Poverty and famines: An essay on entitlement and deprivation. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19 ... One of the most recent and powerful global policies to reduce hunger and poverty are the Sustainable Development Goals. In ... Improving agricultural practices, reducing poverty, improving sanitation, empowerment of women. ...
21st century Madagascar plague outbreaks
The urban poverty rate has declined from 28% in 1993-1994 to 10% in 2011-2012. This is partly due to the strengthening of ... Poverty. In the mid-1970s and early 1980s, the textile mills that were responsible for much of Ahmedabad's wealth faced ... Of those, 5.41% (1663 families) live below the poverty line. Approximately 440,000 people live in slums within the city.[56 ... Ahmedabad has been relatively successful in its efforts to reduce poverty and improve the living conditions of poor residents. ...
Minimum wage in the United States
Poverty. Among hourly-paid workers In 2016, 701,000 earned the federal minimum wage and about 1.5 million earned wages ... Vedder, Gallaway (2002). The minimum wage and poverty among full-time workers. Journal of Labor Research. ... Families with income more than 6 times the poverty threshold would see their incomes fall (due in part to their business ... The CBO estimated in February 2014 that raising the minimum wage would reduce the number of persons below the poverty income ...
Sustainable Development Goals
Goal 1: No poverty. "End poverty in all its forms everywhere.". Extreme poverty has been cut by more than half ... "Extreme poverty is falling: How is poverty changing for higher poverty lines?". Our World in Data. Retrieved 10 March 2019.. ... 2.1 Goal 1: No poverty *2.1.1 "End poverty in all its forms everywhere." ... Poverty is more than the lack of income or resources: People live in poverty if they lack basic services such as healthcare, ...
Housing segregation in the United States
Poverty. Housing segregation affects the development of concentrated areas of poverty, especially among racial minorities ... to perpetuate the cycle of poor people moving into concentrated areas of poverty. These concentrated areas of poverty often ... This further perpetuates poverty because low-income residents experience higher rent burden which forces them to accept low ... Massey, Douglas (2004). Race, Poverty, and Domestic Policy. New Haven: Yale University Press. pp. 173-187.. ...
Poverty. Urban poverty encourages the formation and demand for slums. With rapid shift from rural to urban life, ... Rising rural poverty also encourages migration to urban areas. A poorly performing economy, in other words, increases poverty ... Moreno, Eduardo López (2003). Slums of the World: The Face of Urban Poverty in the New Millennium?. UN-HABITAT. ISBN 978-92-1- ... Urban Poverty - An Overview Judy Baker, The World Bank (2008) *^ Tjiptoherijanto, Prinjono, and Eddy Hasmi. "Urbanization and ...
Housing discrimination in the United States
"PRRAC - Poverty & Race Research Action Council". Retrieved 23 February 2017.. *^ Cahil, Sean and Sarah Tobias. 2007. Policy ... Race, Poverty, and Domestic Policy. New Haven: Yale University Press ISBN 0-300-09541-4 ... Understanding Poverty. New York: Russell Sage Foundation, ISBN 0-674-00876-6 pp. 382 ff ... The United States Census has shown that ethnic and racial minorities living in concentrated, high-poverty areas had actually ...
Police brutality against Native Americans
The goal of the campaign is to bring social issues affecting Native Americans, such as police brutality, poverty, and mental ... February 2015). "Native Lives Matter Report." Sarche, Michelle; Spicer, Paul (2008-01-01). "Poverty and Health Disparities for ... Cross, Terry (December 2009). "Native Americans and Juvenile Justice: A Hidden Tragedy". Poverty & Race. Perry, Barbara (2009 ... and poverty, as these things contribute to the high crime rates of reservations and police presence. These programs would ...
Poverty alleviation: It is known that a large part of the people involved in urban agriculture is the urban poor. In developing ... Allotment gardens came up in Germany in the early 19th century as a response to poverty and food insecurity. ... Chronic food insecurity refers to less affordable food and growing urban poverty, while emergency food insecurity relates to ... Drakakis-Smith, David (1995). "Urban Poverty and Urban Agriculture: An Overview of the Linkages in Harare". Habitat ...
San Mariano, Isabela
Harris, Irving B. (1996). Children in Jeopardy: Can We Break the Cycle of Poverty?. New Haven, CT: Yale Child Study Center: ... A young poverty-stricken girl clutches her child. Frontispiece illustration from Street Arabs and Gutter Snipes by George ... Poverty is associated with increased rates of teenage pregnancy. Economically poor countries such as Niger and Bangladesh ... Life outcomes for teenage mothers and their children vary; other factors, such as poverty or social support, may be more ...
"Population and poverty". www.unfpa.org. Retrieved 21 September 2018.. *^ "United Nations Millennium Development Goals". www.un. ... Mitlin D, Satterthwaite D (2013). Urban Poverty in the Global South: Scale and Nature. Routledge. p. 13. ISBN 9780415624664. . ... High levels of poverty - measured based on GNI per capita averaged over three years. For example, if the GNI per capita is less ... Main articles: Energy poverty and Renewable energy in developing countries. In 2009, about 1.4 billion of people in the world ...
"NCCP , Child Poverty". www.nccp.org. Retrieved 2015-11-25.. *^ a b c "Health - United Nations Sustainable Development". United ... Living below the poverty line is attributed to poorer health outcomes and can be even worse for persons living in developing ... countries where extreme poverty is more common. A child born into poverty is twice as likely to die before the age of five ... Poverty, Hunger and food security, Health, Education, Gender equality and women's empowerment, and water and sanitation. ...
Del Gallego, Camarines Sur
Bansalan, Davao del Sur
Before reading Progress and Poverty, Helen Keller was already a socialist who believed that Georgism was a good step in the ... I found that poverty drove women to a life of shame that ended in blindness. ... George, Henry (1998). Progress & Poverty. Robert Schalkenbach Foundation. ISBN 978-0-911312-10-2.. ...
Новый Палгрейв: словарь по экономике - Википедия
The Wealth and Poverty of Nations. Review.. • Partha Dasgupta, 1993. An Inquiry into Well-Being and Destitution. Description ... Ropers, Richard H, Ph.D. Persistent Poverty: The American Dream Turned Nightmare. New York: Insight Books, 1991. ... "Tax on the 'private' billions now stashed away in havens enough to end extreme world poverty twice over". Oxfam International. ... Aspects of Poverty. Ed. Ben B Seligman. New York: Thomas Y. Crowell Co., 1968. ...
Peru-United States Trade Promotion Agreement
... affects 8 to 10 million people living in endemic Latin American countries, with an additional 300,000-400,000 living in nonendemic countries, including Spain and the United States. An estimated 41,200 new cases occur annually in endemic countries, and 14,400 infants are born with congenital Chagas disease annually. in 2010 it resulted in approximately 10,300 deaths up from 9,300 in 1990. The disease is present in 18 countries on the American continents, ranging from the southern United States to northern Argentina. Chagas exists in two different ecological zones. In the Southern Cone region, the main vector lives in and around human homes. In Central America and Mexico, the main vector species lives both inside dwellings and in uninhabited areas. In both zones, Chagas occurs almost exclusively in rural areas, where triatomines breed and feed on the more than 150 species from 24 families of domestic and wild mammals, as well as humans, that are the natural reservoirs ...
Pillar 1, sometimes referred to as the public pillar or first-tier, answers the aim to prevent the poverty of the elderly, ... Elderly poverty protection "Basic" or "social pension," at least social assistance, universal or means-tested Universal or ... Elderly poverty protection and consumption smoothing Access to informal (e.g. family support), other formal social programs (e. ... Elderly poverty protection and consumption smoothing Public pension plan, publicly managed, defined benefit or notional defined ...
Physical Quality of Life Index
Antibody detection can be useful to indicate schistosome infection in people who have traveled to areas where schistosomiasis is common and in whom eggs cannot be demonstrated in fecal or urine specimens. Test sensitivity and specificity vary widely among the many tests reported for the serologic diagnosis of schistosomiasis and are dependent on both the type of antigen preparations used (crude, purified, adult worm, egg, cercarial) and the test procedure. At the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, a combination of tests with purified adult worm antigens is used for antibody detection. All serum specimens are tested by FAST-ELISA using S. mansoni adult microsomal antigen. A positive reaction (greater than 9 units/µl serum) indicates infection with Schistosoma species. Sensitivity for S. mansoni infection is 99%, 95% for S. haematobium infection, and less than 50% for S. japonicum infection. Specificity of this assay for detecting schistosome infection is 99%. Because test ...
Alberta College of Social Workers
CHILD POVERTY AWARENESS. Child poverty is a social justice issue that Alberta College of Social Workers dynamically ... "Tackle poverty, inequality issues, new social work report urges." Edmonton Journal 19 March 2010, n. page. Web. 22 Mar. 2012. ... "Tackle poverty, inequality issues, new social work report urges." Edmonton Journal 19 March 2010, n. page. Web. 22 Mar. 2012. ... "Tackle poverty, inequality issues, new social work report urges." Edmonton Journal 19 March 2010, n. page. Web. 22 Mar. 2012. ...
Demographics of Mongolia
Hong Kong Jockey Club
Neglected tropical diseases
For example, from poverty stem problems such as lack of adequate housing, thus exposing individuals to the vectors of these ... In order for the measure to become more valid, it may gave to take the context of poverty more into account. King also ... This increases their risk of poverty and severe illness. Clean water and soap are essential for these groups to maintain ... Neglected tropical diseases are concentrated in eastern and southern Europe, where poverty levels are the highest. The most ...
Dauphin County, Pennsylvania
"Poverty Rates by County Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates".. *^ Pennsylvania Budget and Policy Center (2012). "Student ... the poverty rate for Dauphin County was 13.4% in 2014. The statewide poverty rate was 13.6% in 2014. The 2012 childhood ... County poverty demographics. According to research by The Center for Rural Pennsylvania, which is a legislative Agency of the ... poverty rate by school district was: Central Dauphin School District - 39.3% living at 185% or below than the Federal Poverty ...
History of Champagne
"Church-poverty.org.uk\accessdate=2015-05-19.. *^ "'Support the Senate House London Living Wage Campaign'". Bloomsbury Fightback ... "Working poverty is 'national scandal' says Archbishop". BBC News. 24 June 2014. Retrieved 12 April 2016.. ... Other supporters include The Guardian newspaper columnist Polly Toynbee, Church Action on Poverty, the Scottish Low Pay ... Clain, S. H. (2007). "How Living Wage Legislation Affects U.S. Poverty Rates". Journal of Labor Research. 29 (3): 205-218. doi: ...
History of the Labour Party (UK)
"UK: numbers in low income - The Poverty Site". Poverty.org.uk. Archived from the original on 13 July 2010. Retrieved 8 ... Poverty, wealth and place in Britain, 1968 to 2005 (PDF). Joseph Rowntree Foundation. 2007. ISBN 978 1 86134 995 8. .. ... Britains War on Poverty - Jane Waldfogel - Google Books. 8 April 2010. ISBN 9780871548979. . Retrieved 31 May 2013.. ... Poverty and wealth across Britain 1968 to 2005 (PDF). Joseph Rowntree Foundation. July 2007. ISSN 0958-3084. Archived from the ...
Martin Luther and antisemitism
Young mothers would often drop out of school and struggle to raise the child in poverty. The mayor at the time, Kurt ... "Poverty and Norplant; can contraception reduce the underclass?". The Philadelphia Inquirer. p. A18. Archived from the original ... "An apology: the editorial on 'Norplant and poverty' was misguided and wrongheaded". The Philadelphia Inquirer. p. C04. ...
"Infectious Diseases of Poverty. 2 (1): 2. doi:10.1186/2049-9957-2-2. PMC 3707091. PMID 23849678.. ... "Infectious Diseases of Poverty. 2 (1): 18. doi:10.1186/2049-9957-2-18. PMC 3766051. PMID 23971713.. ... Merrill Singer,Development, coinfection, and the syndemics of pregnancy in Sub-Saharan Africa. Infectious Diseases of Poverty ... Syndemics develop under health disparity, caused by poverty, stress, or structural violence and are studied by epidemiologists ...
Economic policy of the Hugo Chávez administration
Income and poverty. During the past decade under Chavez, the income poverty rate in Venezuela dropped by more than half, ... "Reduction of Poverty and Extreme Poverty Slows Down in Latin America". ECLAC. 5 December 2013. Retrieved 24 April 2014.. ... "Extreme poverty" fell even more - by 72%. Further, "these poverty rates measure only cash income, and doesn't take into account ... "Population living below the extreme poverty and poverty lines, by geographic area". CEPAL.org. Economic Commission for Latin ...
The Poverty of Theory. In Hewitt, K. (ed.) Interpretations of Calamity: from the Viewpoint of Human Ecology. Boston: Allen & ... African Poverty: A Grand Challenge for Sustainability Science. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 104(43): 16747- ... Hunger in History: Food Shortage, Poverty, and Deprivation. Blackwell.. *J.X. Kasperson and R.W. Kates, (eds.), 1990. ...
Television licensing in the United Kingdom
Prostitution in Europe
"Sexuality, Poverty and Law. Retrieved 24 February 2018.. *^ a b Mamaliga, Ludmila. "Prostitution: Prosperous Purgatory". ... qualitative studies of poverty in the former Soviet Union. Washington, DC: World Bank. p. 138. ISBN 9780821350676. .. ... Many women turn to prostitution through poverty. There are report that prostitution has become a new organised crime in ...
Massachusetts health care reform
Coverage for people above 100% of poverty up to 300% of poverty began on February 1, 2007. As of December 1, 2007, around ... of poverty. The Connector approved two copayment schemes for plans for people 200-300% of poverty. One plan will have higher ... "HHS Poverty Guidelines Chart".. *^ Matt Dunning (2013). "Mass. health care reform law's employer mandate repealed". Business ... Premiums will vary from $18 per month, for individuals with incomes 100-150% of the poverty line, to $106 per month for ...
Day of Rage (Bahrain)
Poverty in Bahrain (YouTube). Bahrain: CNN. 2007. Retrieved 21 July 2012.. *^ Anwar Abdulrahman (3 June 2007). "CNN ... why?". ... Bahrainis suffer from relative poverty. Semi-official studies found that the poverty threshold (the minimum level of income ... Ravallion, Martin Poverty freak: A Guide to Concepts and Methods. Living Standards Measurement Papers, The World Bank, 1992, p ... "Poverty in Bahrain: CNN Report". Bahrain Centre for Human Rights. June 2007. Retrieved 1 January 2013.. ...
International Monetary Fund
Jeffrey Sachs argues in The End of Poverty that the IMF and the World Bank have "the brightest economists and the lead in ... Sachs, Jeffrey (2005). The End of Poverty. New York: The Penguin Press.. ... It is also part of the World Bank Millennium Development Goals and Poverty Reduction Strategic Papers. ... and reduce poverty around the world." Formed in 1945 at the Bretton Woods Conference primarily by the ideas of Harry Dexter ...
Immigration detention in the United States
"Southern Poverty Law Center. Retrieved 2017-11-27.. *^ a b c d e f Dart, Tom (2017-02-06). "New detention center's transgender ... "Southern Poverty Law Center.. *^ "Holiday on ICE: The U.S. Department of Homeland Security's New Immigration Detention ... The Southern Poverty Law Center (SPLC) has conducted a thorough investigation on the living conditions of these private ...
"Southern Poverty Law Center. Retrieved 25 June 2020.. *^ a b Darby, Luke (5 August 2019). "How the 'Great Replacement' ... "The Southern Poverty Law Center. 17 April 2019. Archived from the original on 17 May 2019. Retrieved 17 May 2019.. ... "Southern Poverty Law Center. 15 March 2019. Archived from the original on 2 June 2019. Retrieved 19 May 2019.. ... While Camus has stated his own philosophy is a nonviolent one, analysts including Heidi Beirich of the Southern Poverty Law ...
Heathenry (new religious movement)
Reactions from India and the Indian diaspora to Slumdog Millionaire
Children of Men
Economy of Senegal
Economy of Seychelles
Occupation of the Malheur National Wildlife Refuge
Guest worker program
"Southern Poverty Law Center.. *^ a b Semuels, Alana (30 March 2013). "U.S. farmers, guest workers pay a price to stay legal". ... This not only has the potential to reduce the poverty of the families, but it can also stimulate the Mexican economy. ... suggest that a guest worker program also has the potential to be beneficial for labor supplying countries by reducing poverty.[ ...
While South Indian states have improved in some of the socio-economic metrics, poverty continues to affect the region ... While South Indian states have improved in some socio-economic metrics, poverty continues to affect the region much like the ... Poverty rate is at 19% while that in the other Indian states is at 38%. The per capita income is ₹19,531 (US$270), which is ... "Human development, poverty, health & nutrition situation in India" (PDF). Council of Social Development, Southern Regional ...
Economy of Puerto Rico
By mid January 2017, the debt had reached $70 billion or $12,000 per capita in a territory with a 45 percent poverty rate and ... Starting soon after World War II, poverty, cheap airfare, and promotion by the local government caused waves of Puerto Ricans ... In mid January 2017, unemployment remained in the double digits and the poverty rate was at 45 percent. By that time, the ... Percent population living below poverty level in Puerto Rico by census tract in 2015. ...
"Sexuality, Poverty and Law. Retrieved 20 May 2018.. *^ "2007 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Morocco". United ... the poverty which motivates the decision to survive economically through the provision of sexual services; and ... ethnicity and poverty. Put simply the road to prostitution and life within "the life" is rarely marked by empowerment or ...
Economy of Turkey
Men's rights movement
Southern Poverty Law Center. 145. Retrieved 2013-03-07.. *^ a b c d Flood, Michael (December 2012). "Separated fathers and the ... Southern Poverty Law Center. Retrieved May 5, 2017.. *^ a b "Father's Rights Groups Threaten Women's Gains-And Their Safety". ... Southern Poverty Law Center. 145. Retrieved 2013-03-07.. *^ Shira Tarrant (11 February 2013). Men Speak Out: Views on Gender, ... "Southern Poverty Law Center. Retrieved 2018-06-19.. *^ Ruzankina, E.A. (2010). "Men's movements and male subjectivity". ...
Geography of Hyderabad
University of Mississippi
"Southern Poverty Law Center. Archived from the original on May 3, 2014. Retrieved May 16, 2014. When a wild and paranoid rumor ... "Southern Poverty Law Center. Archived from the original on May 3, 2014. Retrieved May 16, 2014. The situation at the ranch, ... The Southern Poverty Law Center has described Bundy's views as closely aligned with those of the Posse Comitatus organization, ... According to the Southern Poverty Law Center, Jerad and Amanda Miller were two of "perhaps hundreds of thousands" who saw the ...
Economy of Romania
"Poverties. poverties.org. Retrieved 26 April 2016.. *^ The Christian Science Monitor (24 July 2007). "Rising food prices curb ... Sen, Amartya, Poverty and Famines : An Essay on Entitlements and Deprivation, Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1982 via Questia via ... These include poverty, population growth, an inappropriate social infrastructure, a suppressive political regime, and a ... As a result, population numbers far outstripped the amount of available food and land, creating dire poverty and widespread ...
Factors associated with being a victim of sexual violence
Tianjin Nankai High School
United States House Select Committee on Children, Youth, and Families
West Tallahatchie School District
Families First of Georgia
The Last Storytellers: Tales from the Heart of Morocco
Land value tax
"Poverty". earthsharing.ca. Plummer, Elizabeth (March 2010). "Evidence on the Distributional Effects of a Land Value Tax on ... In his best-selling work Progress and Poverty (1879), Henry George argued that because the value of land depends on natural ... George, Henry (1879). Progress and Poverty. The often cited passage is titled "The unbound Savannah." Possible reforms of real ... Churchill, Winston (1909). "Land Price as a Cause of Poverty". Archived from the original on 17 December 2001. Retrieved 13 ...
Did Six Million Really Die? - Wikipédia, a enciclopédia livre
The appellant's allegations of fact in the pamphlet were divided into 85 extracts and rebutted one by one. The trial judge summarized this material at length for the jury but it will suffice here to point only to some of the more egregious examples. The pamphlet alleged that a memorandum from Joseph Goebbels revealed that the Final Solution was never more than a plan to evacuate Jews to Madagascar. It was shown that there was no such memorandum but that the reference was to Goebbels' diary entry of March 7, 1942. This diary extract was adduced and shown to state nothing of the kind. The Crown went on to point out that the entry for March 27, 1942 made clear that the Final Solution was, in fact, genocide: "Not much will remain of the Jews. On the whole, it can be said that about 60 per cent of them will have to be liquidated, whereas only about 40 per cent can be used for forced labor...." ...
Bangladesh : Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper
Breaking the Cycle of Childhood Poverty | HuffPost
This post is part of a series on childhood poverty in the United States in partnership with Save the Children and Julianne ... This post is part of a series on childhood poverty in the United States in partnership with Save the Children and Julianne ... In addition to federal funding, the non-profit community is fighting on the front lines to break the cycle of poverty. For ... Now more than ever, Congress must shed partisan politics and come together to break the cycle of childhood poverty. It is not ...
Barbara Lee's War on Poverty | The Nation
They are one paycheck -- if they have a paycheck -- away from poverty. Thats why Lee has maintained a laser-like focus on ... One in eight Americans -- approximately 37 million people -- now live below the federal poverty line of $19,971 for a family of ... The resolution stated that policy initiatives addressing poverty have not kept pace with the needs of millions of Americans ... Nearly 60 million people live just above the poverty line. Using the British standard of measurement, approximately 30 percent ...
Working for families in the UK | Child Poverty Action Group
We work to understand what causes poverty, the impact it has on childrens lives, and how it can be solved - for good. ... CPAGs response to annual poverty statistics. 22 March 2018 Read our statement on the publication of the governments annual ... LCC students create animations showing experience of poverty. 19 March 2018 CPAG has been working with students at the London ... More than one in four children in the UK are growing up in poverty. It doesnt have to be like this. ...
Poverty Row - Wikipedia
Poverty Row was a slang term used in Hollywood from the 1920s through the 1950s to refer to a variety of small (and mostly ... The films of Poverty Row, many of which were Westerns (including series like Billy the Kid, starring Buster Crabbe from PRC) or ... Lewis, Jack C. (2002). White Horse, Black Hat: A Quarter Century on Hollywoods Poverty Row. Scarecrow Press. ISBN 978-1-4617- ... Pitts, Michael R. (2005). Poverty Row Studios, 1929-1940: An Illustrated History of 55 Independent Film Companies, with a ...
Wealth and Poverty
Poverty threshold - Wikipedia
Absolute poverty. See also: Extreme poverty. Absolute poverty is the level of poverty as defined in terms of the minimal ... The poverty threshold, poverty limit or poverty line is the minimum level of income deemed adequate in a particular country. ... Relative poverty compared with other standards. A measure of relative poverty defines "poverty" as being below some ... Relative poverty measures are used as official poverty rates by the European Union, UNICEF and the OEDC. The main poverty line ...
Poverty Round Table
Overcoming Poverty by Empowering People. ********************************************* Poverty was not created by God, but by ... Source - http://www.thesimpleway.org/macro/poverty.html] http://dwebsite.com/povertyroundtable ... Poverty Round Table is a Restricted Group with 109 members.. *Poverty Round Table ...
Income & Poverty
Income and Poverty in the United States: 2017 These tables present data on income, earnings, income inequality & poverty in the ... 2017 Supplemental Poverty Measure (SPM) Research File These files enable researchers to replicate the SPM poverty estimates ... Monthly Poverty Rates by Selected Demographic Characteristics: 2015 This report presents monthly and average monthly poverty ... Income, Poverty and Health Insurance Coverage: 2011 Median household income declines, while the poverty rate remains ...
... by Size of Family and Number of Related Children Under 18 Years Source: Current Population Survey (CPS) ... In some cases, weighted average poverty thresholds shown in the tables above may vary from those listed in Historical Poverty ... Housing Income and Poverty International Trade Population Population Estimates Public Sector Race Research Voting and ... Small Area Income and Poverty Statistics of U.S. Businesses Survey of Business Owners Survey of Income and Program ...
... where the focus is on poverty both as a dependent variable (what causes poverty) and an independent variable (what poverty ... Poverty, Participation and Democracy: A Global Perspective (Cambridge University Press, 2008) and Amartya Sen, Poverty and ... The topics to be covered begin with an examination into the definition and measurement of poverty. We focus as well on the ... You are here - Welcome to LSE , Calendar , Graduate , Course guides , DV407 Poverty ...
Fighting poverty in all of its dimensions lies at the core of the World Banks work. We work closely with governments to ... Poverty. The World Bank Group is committed to fighting poverty in all its dimensions. We use the latest evidence and analysis ... For many nations, poverty reduction has slowed or even reversed.. The 43 countries in the world with the highest poverty rates ... UNDERSTANDING POVERTY Global data and statistics, research and publications, and topics in poverty and development ...
poverty - FRANCE24
Social Inclusion | Poverty Eradication
The World Summit for Social Development in Copenhagen in 1995 defined an inclusive society as a society for all, in which every individual, each with rights and responsibilities, has an active role to play (United Nations, 1995, para 66). Such an inclusive society is equipped with mechanisms which accommodate diversity, and facilitate/enable peoples active participation in their political, economic and social lives. As such, it over-rides differences of race, gender, class, generation, and geography, and ensures equal opportunities for all to achieve full potential in life, regardless of origin. Such a society fosters, at the same time, emanates from well-being of each individual, mutual trust, sense of belonging and inter-connectedness. The goal of social integration is to create a more stable, safe and just society for all, in which every individual, each with rights and responsibilities, has an active role to play. Such an inclusive society must be based on the principles of embracing - not
Income & Poverty Publications
Housing Income and Poverty International Trade Population Population Estimates Public Sector Race Research Voting and ... Small Area Income and Poverty Statistics of U.S. Businesses Survey of Business Owners Survey of Income and Program ... Income and Poverty International Trade Population Population Estimates Public Sector Race Research Voting and Registration A - ... Small Area Income and Poverty Statistics of U.S. Businesses Survey of Business Owners Survey of Income and Program ...
Income & Poverty Publications
Housing Income and Poverty International Trade Population Population Estimates Public Sector Race Research Voting and ... Income & Poverty Status of Families & Persons in the West Region This report presents statistics for families and persons by ... Income & Poverty Status of Families & Persons in the South Region This report presents statistics for families and persons by ... Income & Poverty Status of Families/Persons in the No. Central Region This report presents statistics for families and persons ...
Poverty in Israel
They are determined to reduce the problem of poverty in Israel.. There are many reasons for this problem, most of which are the ... There are budgetary goals for the deficit and for growth, there should also be one for the reduction of poverty.. As this ... One in every three children in Israel lives below the poverty line. The words are almost too sterile to capture what is ... Despite the positive image Israels economy enjoys, things are not all they seem: Israel has the highest poverty rate in the ...
Poverty | Democracy Now!
poverty - Chicago Tribune
Gentrification, urban poverty and low-income housing are all real estate terms that start tongues wagging. But perhaps for the ... A U.N. expert on extreme poverty and human rights met Monday with hurricane victims in Puerto Rico amid complaints about the ... Pioneer Press columnist Paul Sassone bemoans the plight of poverty and how particularly harsh it can be for children during the ... The Lake County Community Foundation reports that poverty has more than doubled in the suburbs in the last 25 years. ...
Poverty | Urban Institute
poverty - Baltimore Sun
Much of the citys worst health problems are a direct result of poverty - a malady that can only be treated with a job ... He shocked me by saying that he believes poverty is not the root cause of gang violence, substance abuse and lethargy among ... Cal Thomas: The left talks a lot about poverty, but their only solution to it is to spend more money. ... Adopting these measures would establish Maryland as a national leader in using this proven tool to help combat poverty. ...
Income Inequality and Poverty - OECD
Evidence on income distribution and poverty in OECD countries since the mid-80s, using data that correct for many of the ... Poverty rate: The poverty rate is the ratio of the number of people (in a given age group) whose income falls below the poverty ... Income Inequality and Poverty. There is widespread concern that economic growth has not been fairly shared, and that the ... OECD Home Directorate for Employment, Labour and Social AffairsSocial policies and dataIncome Inequality and Poverty Social ...
Uganda - Ninth Poverty Reduction
The objective of the poverty reduction credit is to improve efficiency in four service delivery sectors in Uganda covering ... Understanding Poverty Global data and statistics, research and publications, and topics in poverty and development ... Project Description: The objective of the poverty reduction credit is to improve efficiency in four service delivery sectors in ... five institutions working for sustainable solutions that reduce poverty and build shared prosperity in developing countries. ...
Poverty reduces brainpower, study
Poverty uses up so much mental energy that there are fewer resources left to deal with other areas of life, researchers ... Poverty and stress affect cognition differently. The mental burden of poverty is different from the impact of stress, explained ... Previous views of poverty have blamed poverty on personal failings, or an environment that is not conducive to success. Were ... Poverty affects our genes - researchers from the University of Gothenburg, Sweden, found that poverty has an effect on peoples ...
Goal 1. End poverty
End poverty in all its forms everywhere * 1.1 By 2030, eradicate extreme poverty for all people everywhere, currently measured ... Over 800 million people are still living in extreme poverty in 2015, living on less than US$ 1.25 a day1 . More than two ... 1.2 By 2030, reduce at least by half the proportion of men, women and children of all ages living in poverty in all its ... The main goals of the project are to: reduce poverty for African farmers by enhancing their sales strategy; develop farmers ...
STOP POVERTY FOUNDATION - Idealist
Project MUSE - Surviving Poverty
Surviving Poverty carefully examines the experiences of people living below the poverty level, looking in particular at the ... and their responses highlight the importance of cultivating relationships among people living in poverty. Surviving Poverty ... Surviving Poverty is invested in both structural and social change and demonstrates the power support services can have to ... Grounding her study in current debates about the importance of alleviating poverty, Mazelis proposes new modes of improving the ...
Ending poverty | Deseret News
But in proving those assumptions wrong, he also raised awareness about the real reasons for extreme poverty, and that has put ... His efforts have given Utahns a way to effectively fight poverty worldwide and to solve problems closer to home, as well. ... Today an estimated 140 million people worldwide have access to such loans and millions of them are safely out of poverty. ... and who transcends charity by teaching people how to permanently rise above poverty. ...
Measuring Poverty | Urban Institute
Many agree that the official measure of poverty in the United States is flawed. Experts have recommended an alternative measure ... 2020 Poverty Projections: Comparing the Effects of Provisions in the HEALS and HEROES Acts ... This fact sheet describes the official poverty measure and an alternative measure developed by the National Academy of Sciences ... and uses data from the 2006 American Community Survey to estimate the extent of poverty in Minnesota under the official and ...
Extreme poverty is described as living on less than $1.90 per person per day. President of the World Bank David Malpass noted ... The president of the World Bank has warned that up to 60 million people will be pushed into extreme poverty by the ... World Bank predicting a five percent shrinkage in global economic growth this year resulting in an eradication of the poverty ...
Reduction2018Census BureauAnti-povertyGlobal povertyAbject povertyIncomeExtreme poverty by 2030People2016InequalityLine1.90 a dayImpactsTrapFocus on addressAmericansUnemploymentCity'sCities Reducing PovertyPercentageSignificantlyLive in povertyPercentWorld Free of PovertyConcentrations of povertyReduceRatesDecadeDeveloping countries
- Multiple Perspectives for Poverty Reduction. (igi-global.com)
- The chapter is descriptive and theoretical and adopts a multi-disciplinary approach to poverty reduction by examining the key elements of four perspectives, synthesizing their commonalities and emphasizing their unique contribution and ability to interface with each other to address the complex issue of poverty reduction (Sofo & Wicks, 2017). (igi-global.com)
- Government implementation of free Senior High School policy is a major poverty reduction mechanism in the country, according to the suspended General Secretary of the People's National Convention (PNC), Mr. Atik Mohammed. (ghanaweb.com)
- The World Bank leader set another poverty-reduction target: to increase the incomes of the poorest 40 per cent of the population in each country. (dawn.com)
- This tool provides a compilation of Cities Reducing Poverty members' anticipated vs. actual timeframes for developing their community-wide poverty reduction strategies. (tamarackcommunity.ca)
- Most of the reduction in poverty since 1990 is because of the economic growth of India and China. (erlc.com)
- The Congressional Progressive Caucus (CPC), which she co-chairs along with Congresswoman Lynn Woolsey, introduced its Progressive Caucus Budget which included an Anti-Poverty and Opportunity Initiative. (thenation.com)
- Oxfam, the international anti-poverty organisation, welcomed Kim's vision but criticised the lack of a target for shared prosperity. (dawn.com)
- Third, she reminded the audience that that China ultimately lifted 800 million people out of poverty without any anti-poverty policies. (globalintegrity.org)
- To reach the 2030 goal, we must halve global poverty once, then halve it again, and then nearly halve it a third time - all in less than one generation," he said. (dawn.com)
- Yet according to a Barna Group survey taken in 2014, more than eight in 10 Americans (84 percent) were unaware global poverty has reduced so drastically, and more than two-thirds (67 percent) said they thought global poverty had risen. (erlc.com)
- Additionally, more than two-thirds of US adults (68 percent) said they don't believe it's possible to end extreme global poverty within the next 25 years. (erlc.com)
- Yet the Bank uses that figure as the "International Poverty Line (IPL)," and by that measure, global poverty has been reduced significantly. (likethedew.com)
- The reality about global poverty, which the World Bank would prefer that we forget, is that extreme poverty has hardly improved at all in recent decades . (likethedew.com)
- Income poverty reduces people's financial leeway, influencing their way of life and compromising their social integration. (admin.ch)
- The poverty rate corresponds to the proportion of people living in a household whose disposable income (excl. (admin.ch)
- The U.S. has an exceptionally high relative poverty rate among high income countries at least in part because our public benefits do less to reduce poverty. (legalmomentum.org)
- What is interesting and emergent is our ability to talk about these as being caused by income per se rather than the range of things that are associated with poverty," says Magnuson. (abc.net.au)
Extreme poverty by 20302
- One in eight Americans - approximately 37 million people - now live below the federal poverty line of $19,971 for a family of four. (thenation.com)
- That's 4.9 million more people than in 2000 and the poverty rate for children is the highest of all age groups. (thenation.com)
- Nearly 60 million people live just above the poverty line. (thenation.com)
- This is not true, however, for Areas of Concentrated Poverty where at least 50% of the residents are people of color. (metrocouncil.org)
- That works out to be about 664 million people still living in poverty out of an estimated 8.3 billion people on the planet, notes the BBC. (erlc.com)
- HumanProgress.org produced a fascinating chart that compares the number of people living in extreme poverty (the orange line) with the number of people not living in extreme poverty (the blue line). (erlc.com)
- Most noted that extreme levels of poverty were where people faced a daily struggle just to survive, as these people lacked basic needs, such as water, food, and shelter. (yougov.co.uk)
- Ang then highlighted three key facts about China's path to rapid, unprecedented development - lifting 800 million people out of poverty in just one generation. (globalintegrity.org)
- Alston called the Bank's $1.90 poverty line, by which it could claim that over 1.1 million people were lifted out of extreme poverty between 1990 and 2015, "scandalously unambitious. (likethedew.com)
- assets) is below the poverty line. (admin.ch)
- However, the World Bank, which sets the benchmark for the global extreme poverty line, recently shifted the line from $1.25 a day to $1.90 a day. (erlc.com)
- Poverty and poverty alleviation issues targeting the poor are very important in policy formulation for developing countries like Ethiopia where majority of the population lives below the poverty line. (ebay.de)
- Over the past decade, the UN, world leaders and pundits have promoted a self-congratulatory message of impending victory over poverty, but almost all of these accounts rely on the World Bank's international poverty line, which is utterly unfit for the purpose of tracking such progress. (likethedew.com)
1.90 a day3
- The idea that extreme poverty could "end" and yet twice the current U.S. population be living on less than $1.90 a day may sound strange. (erlc.com)
- The map on the left shows the poverty headcount ratio $1.90 a day. (likethedew.com)
- Anyone living on $1.90 a day-the World Bank for many years used $1 a day to define extreme poverty-cannot possibly live a meaningful life no matter how defined. (likethedew.com)
- Participants also stated that the poverty in the United Kingdom was increasing, and consisted of families as well as individuals falling into the poverty trap. (yougov.co.uk)
- Ang opened her remarks by presenting the poverty trap: the notion that poor countries are poor because of their weak institutions, and that they have weak institutions because they are poor. (globalintegrity.org)
Focus on address1
- That's why Lee has maintained a laser-like focus on addressing poverty. (thenation.com)
- Using the British standard of measurement, approximately 30 percent of Americans - and 40 percent of American children - are living in poverty. (thenation.com)
- The resolution stated that "policy initiatives addressing poverty have not kept pace with the needs of millions of Americans" and that "the United States has a moral responsibility to meet the needs of those persons, groups, and communities that are impoverished, disadvantaged or otherwise in poverty. (thenation.com)
- Just as "frictional unemployment" (about four percent) exists when there is "full" employment, "frictional poverty" (around three to eight percent) will continue even when extreme poverty has been "ended. (erlc.com)
- COVID-19 is projected to push hundreds of millions into unemployment and poverty, while increasing the number at risk of acute hunger by more than 250 million. (likethedew.com)
- It seems that the city's poverty rate, which dropped from 19.2 percent in 2006 to 18.5 percent in 2007, is following the downward trend in national poverty numbers, which dropped from 13.3 percent in 2006 to 13 percent in 2007. (observer.com)
- However, all is not well on Manhattan Island, as the borough's children's poverty rate increased to 27.5 percent (up from 27.1 percent in 2006), bucking the downward trend in the city's overall children's poverty rate, which fell 0.9 percentage points from 2006 to 2007. (observer.com)
Cities Reducing Poverty1
- Vibrant Communities supports cities and local leaders to develop and implement large-scale change initiatives through two learning networks, Cities Reducing Poverty and Cities Deepening Community. (tamarackcommunity.ca)
- Conversely, the poverty rate of the first generation has increased during this observation period (+2.7 percentage points). (admin.ch)
- Although the percentage of the African population living in extreme poverty is slightly lower than in 1981, population growth has caused the total number to double. (erlc.com)
- In the population with a migration background from the second or subsequent generations, the poverty rate is not significantly different from that of the population with no migration background, but it is lower (6%) than that of the first generation. (admin.ch)
- In most major regions, the poverty rates of the population with or without a migration background do not differ significantly from one another, with the exception of the Lake Geneva Region and Northwest Switzerland where the poverty rate of the population with a migration background is around twice as high as that of the population without a migration background. (admin.ch)
- A Vibrant Community can be created once the human, social and economic cost of poverty are significantly reduced. (tamarackcommunity.ca)
Live in poverty1
- America stands as a beacon of hope and the possibility of a better life -- but it is also a nation where nearly 1 in 4 children live in poverty. (huffingtonpost.com)
World Free of Poverty1
- A world free of poverty is within our grasp. (dawn.com)
Concentrations of poverty1
- And so we're looking now at the specific recommendations of many groups that have come together to talk about what makes sense to begin to reduce and eliminate poverty. (thenation.com)
- A theoretical framework that incorporates these perspectives and the SEED-SCALE methodology is proposed, demonstrating how the establishment of new micro-businesses may be used to reduce poverty in developing economies. (igi-global.com)
- Together, these cities/regions aspire to reduce poverty in 100 cities. (tamarackcommunity.ca)
- Increasing tuition rates can be insurmountable roadblocks for high school graduates who are trying to forge a path out of poverty for their families. (huffingtonpost.com)
- To slash extreme poverty, Kim said higher economic growth rates will be needed, in particular sustained high growth in South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa. (dawn.com)
- Unfortunately, that isn't as likely to happen in the areas of the world that currently have the highest rates of poverty. (erlc.com)
- And with COVID-19, which the World Bank does take into account, "poverty rates will go up as the global economy falls into recession and there is a sharp drop in GDP per capita. (likethedew.com)