The time frame after a meal or FOOD INTAKE.
An antibacterial agent that has been used in veterinary practice for treating swine dysentery and enteritis and for promoting growth. However, its use has been prohibited in the UK following reports of carcinogenicity and mutagenicity. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p125)
Any substances taken in by the body that provide nourishment.
The evacuation of food from the stomach into the duodenum.
The consumption of edible substances.
Studies comparing two or more treatments or interventions in which the subjects or patients, upon completion of the course of one treatment, are switched to another. In the case of two treatments, A and B, half the subjects are randomly allocated to receive these in the order A, B and half to receive them in the order B, A. A criticism of this design is that effects of the first treatment may carry over into the period when the second is given. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Glucose in blood.
Fats present in food, especially in animal products such as meat, meat products, butter, ghee. They are present in lower amounts in nuts, seeds, and avocados.
The motor activity of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT.
Abstaining from all food.
FATTY ACIDS found in the plasma that are complexed with SERUM ALBUMIN for transport. These fatty acids are not in glycerol ester form.
A 51-amino acid pancreatic hormone that plays a major role in the regulation of glucose metabolism, directly by suppressing endogenous glucose production (GLYCOGENOLYSIS; GLUCONEOGENESIS) and indirectly by suppressing GLUCAGON secretion and LIPOLYSIS. Native insulin is a globular protein comprised of a zinc-coordinated hexamer. Each insulin monomer containing two chains, A (21 residues) and B (30 residues), linked by two disulfide bonds. Insulin is used as a drug to control insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (DIABETES MELLITUS, TYPE 1).
Progressive decline in muscle mass due to aging which results in decreased functional capacity of muscles.
A subtype of striated muscle, attached by TENDONS to the SKELETON. Skeletal muscles are innervated and their movement can be consciously controlled. They are also called voluntary muscles.
Organic compounds that generally contain an amino (-NH2) and a carboxyl (-COOH) group. Twenty alpha-amino acids are the subunits which are polymerized to form proteins.
The protein constituents of muscle, the major ones being ACTINS and MYOSINS. More than a dozen accessory proteins exist including TROPONIN; TROPOMYOSIN; and DYSTROPHIN.
Contractile tissue that produces movement in animals.
Proteins obtained from foods. They are the main source of the ESSENTIAL AMINO ACIDS.
Physical activity which is usually regular and done with the intention of improving or maintaining PHYSICAL FITNESS or HEALTH. Contrast with PHYSICAL EXERTION which is concerned largely with the physiologic and metabolic response to energy expenditure.
The rate at which oxygen is used by a tissue; microliters of oxygen STPD used per milligram of tissue per hour; the rate at which oxygen enters the blood from alveolar gas, equal in the steady state to the consumption of oxygen by tissue metabolism throughout the body. (Stedman, 25th ed, p346)
A pathological process characterized by injury or destruction of tissues caused by a variety of cytologic and chemical reactions. It is usually manifested by typical signs of pain, heat, redness, swelling, and loss of function.
Controlled physical activity which is performed in order to allow assessment of physiological functions, particularly cardiovascular and pulmonary, but also aerobic capacity. Maximal (most intense) exercise is usually required but submaximal exercise is also used.
A regimen or plan of physical activities designed and prescribed for specific therapeutic goals. Its purpose is to restore normal musculoskeletal function or to reduce pain caused by diseases or injuries.
Method in which repeated blood pressure readings are made while the patient undergoes normal daily activities. It allows quantitative analysis of the high blood pressure load over time, can help distinguish between types of HYPERTENSION, and can assess the effectiveness of antihypertensive therapy.
PRESSURE of the BLOOD on the ARTERIES and other BLOOD VESSELS.
The posture of an individual lying face up.
Techniques for measuring blood pressure.
Persistently high systemic arterial BLOOD PRESSURE. Based on multiple readings (BLOOD PRESSURE DETERMINATION), hypertension is currently defined as when SYSTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently greater than 140 mm Hg or when DIASTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently 90 mm Hg or more.
The position or attitude of the body.
Devices for continuously measuring and displaying the arterial blood pressure.
Behaviors associated with the ingesting of alcoholic beverages, including social drinking.
A clear, colorless liquid rapidly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract and distributed throughout the body. It has bactericidal activity and is used often as a topical disinfectant. It is widely used as a solvent and preservative in pharmaceutical preparations as well as serving as the primary ingredient in ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES.
A generic term for fats and lipoids, the alcohol-ether-soluble constituents of protoplasm, which are insoluble in water. They comprise the fats, fatty oils, essential oils, waxes, phospholipids, glycolipids, sulfolipids, aminolipids, chromolipids (lipochromes), and fatty acids. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
Alkyl compounds containing a hydroxyl group. They are classified according to relation of the carbon atom: primary alcohols, R-CH2OH; secondary alcohols, R2-CHOH; tertiary alcohols, R3-COH. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
The fatty portion of milk, separated as a soft yellowish solid when milk or cream is churned. It is processed for cooking and table use. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Lipid-protein complexes involved in the transportation and metabolism of lipids in the body. They are spherical particles consisting of a hydrophobic core of TRIGLYCERIDES and CHOLESTEROL ESTERS surrounded by a layer of hydrophilic free CHOLESTEROL; PHOSPHOLIPIDS; and APOLIPOPROTEINS. Lipoproteins are classified by their varying buoyant density and sizes.
The principal sterol of all higher animals, distributed in body tissues, especially the brain and spinal cord, and in animal fats and oils.
A class of lipoproteins of small size (18-25 nm) and light (1.019-1.063 g/ml) particles with a core composed mainly of CHOLESTEROL ESTERS and smaller amounts of TRIGLYCERIDES. The surface monolayer consists mostly of PHOSPHOLIPIDS, a single copy of APOLIPOPROTEIN B-100, and free cholesterol molecules. The main LDL function is to transport cholesterol and cholesterol esters to extrahepatic tissues.
A class of lipoproteins of small size (4-13 nm) and dense (greater than 1.063 g/ml) particles. HDL lipoproteins, synthesized in the liver without a lipid core, accumulate cholesterol esters from peripheral tissues and transport them to the liver for re-utilization or elimination from the body (the reverse cholesterol transport). Their major protein component is APOLIPOPROTEIN A-I. HDL also shuttle APOLIPOPROTEINS C and APOLIPOPROTEINS E to and from triglyceride-rich lipoproteins during their catabolism. HDL plasma level has been inversely correlated with the risk of cardiovascular diseases.
A mature haploid female germ cell extruded from the OVARY at OVULATION.
A frozen dairy food made from cream or butterfat, milk, sugar, and flavorings. Frozen custard and French-type ice creams also contain eggs.
The remnants of plant cell walls that are resistant to digestion by the alimentary enzymes of man. It comprises various polysaccharides and lignins.
The continuation of the axillary artery; it branches into the radial and ulnar arteries.
The physiological widening of BLOOD VESSELS by relaxing the underlying VASCULAR SMOOTH MUSCLE.
Lists of words, usually in alphabetical order, giving information about form, pronunciation, etymology, grammar, and meaning.
A product of hard secondary xylem composed of CELLULOSE, hemicellulose, and LIGNANS, that is under the bark of trees and shrubs. It is used in construction and as a source of CHARCOAL and many other products.
The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.
The science or study of speech sounds and their production, transmission, and reception, and their analysis, classification, and transcription. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)

Gallstones: an intestinal disease? (1/1828)

Current evidence suggests that impaired intestinal motility may facilitate gallstone formation by influencing biliary deoxycholate levels or by modulating interdigestive gall bladder motility (fig 2), although a primary intestinal defect in gallstone pathogenesis has not yet been demonstrated. In the cold war period, most interesting events, from a political point of view, occurred at the border between capitalist and communist systems, near the iron curtain. Similarly, the gall bladder and biliary tract can be viewed as the border between liver and intestinal tract, where many interesting things occur with profound impact on both systems. Combined efforts by researchers in the field of hepatology and gastrointestinal motility should brake down the Berlin wall of ignorance of one of the most common diseases in the Western world.  (+info)

Response of adipose tissue lipoprotein lipase to the cephalic phase of insulin secretion. (2/1828)

Modulation of lipoprotein lipase (LPL) allows a tissue-specific partitioning of triglyceride-derived fatty acids, and insulin is a major modulator of its activity. The present studies were aimed to assess in rats the contribution of insulin to the response of adipose tissue and muscle LPL to food intake. Epididymal and retroperitoneal adipose LPL rose 65% above fasting values as early as 1 h after the onset of a 30-min high-carbohydrate meal, with a second activity peak 1 h later that was maintained for an additional 2 h. Soleus muscle LPL was decreased by 25% between 0.5 and 4 h after meal intake. The essential contribution of insulin to the LPL response to food intake was determined by preventing the full insulin response to meal intake by administration of diazoxide (150 mg/kg body wt, in the meal). The usual postprandial changes in adipose and muscle LPL did not occur in the absence of an increase in insulinemia. However, the early (60 min) increase in adipose tissue LPL was not prevented by the drug, likely because of the maintenance of the early centrally mediated phase of insulin secretion. In a subsequent study, rats chronically implanted with a gastric cannula were used to demonstrate that the postprandial rise in adipose LPL is independent of nutrient absorption and can be elicited by the cephalic (preabsorptive) phase of insulin secretion. Obese Zucker rats were used because of their strong cephalic insulin response. After an 8-h fast, rats were fed a liquid diet ad libitum (orally, cannula closed), sham fed (orally, cannula opened), or fed directly into the stomach via the cannula during 4 h. Insulinemia increased 10-fold over fasting levels in ad libitum- and intragastric-fed rats and threefold in sham-fed rats. Changes in adipose tissue LPL were proportional to the elevation in plasma insulin levels, demonstrating that the cephalic-mediated rise in insulinemia, in the absence of nutrient absorption, stimulates adipose LPL. These results demonstrate the central role of insulin in the postprandial response of tissue LPL, and they show that cephalically mediated insulin secretion is able to stimulate adipose LPL.  (+info)

Inhibition of carbohydrate-mediated glucagon-like peptide-1 (7-36)amide secretion by circulating non-esterified fatty acids. (3/1828)

Two studies were performed to assess the entero-insular axis in simple obesity and the possible effect of variations in the level of circulating non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA) on one of the components of the entero-insular axis, glucagon-like peptide-1 [(7-36) amide]. In the first study, we compared the entero-pancreatic hormone response to oral carbohydrate in obese and lean women. Obese subjects demonstrated hyperinsulinaemia and impaired glucose tolerance but this was not associated with an increased secretion of either glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide or glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1). These findings therefore provide no support for the hypothesis that overactivity of the entero-insular axis contributes to the hyperinsulinaemia seen in obesity. Indeed, the plasma GLP-1 response to carbohydrate was markedly attenuated in obese subjects, confirming previous observations. In the second study, in which carbohydrate-stimulated GLP-1 responses were again evaluated in obese and lean women, circulating NEFA levels were modulated using either heparin (to increase serum NEFA) or acipimox (to reduce serum NEFA). Treatment with acipimox resulted in complete suppression of NEFA levels and in a markedly higher GLP-1 response than the response to carbohydrate alone or to carbohydrate plus heparin. We suggest that higher fasting and postprandial NEFA levels in obesity may tonically inhibit nutrient-mediated GLP-1 secretion, and that this results in attenuation of the GLP-1 response to carbohydrate. However, although serum NEFA levels post-acipimox were similarly suppressed in both lean and obese subjects, the GLP-1 response was again significantly lower in obese subjects, suggesting the possibility of an intrinsic defect of GLP-1 secretion in obesity. The reduction of GLP-1 levels in obesity may be important both in relation to its insulinotropic effect and to its postulated role as a satiety factor.  (+info)

Impaired endothelial function following a meal rich in used cooking fat. (4/1828)

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that intake of used cooking fat is associated with impaired endothelial function. BACKGROUND: Diets containing high levels of lipid oxidation products may accelerate atherogenesis, but the effect on endothelial function is unknown. METHODS: Flow-mediated endothelium-dependent dilation and glyceryl trinitrate-induced endothelium-independent dilation of the brachial artery were investigated in 10 men. Subjects had arterial studies before and 4 h after three test meals: 1) a meal (fat 64.4 g) rich in cooking fat that had been used for deep frying in a fast food restaurant; 2) the same meal (fat 64.4 g) rich in unused cooking fat, and 3) a corresponding low fat meal (fat 18.4 g) without added fat. RESULTS: Endothelium-dependent dilation decreased between fasting and postprandial studies after the used fat meal (5.9 +/- 2.3% vs. 0.8 +/- 2.2%, p = 0.0003), but there was no significant change after the unused fat meal (5.3 +/- 2.1% vs. 6.0 +/- 2.5%) or low fat meal (5.3 +/- 2.3% vs. 5.4 +/- 3.3%). There was no significant difference in endothelium-independent dilation after any of the meals. Plasma free fatty acid concentration did not change significantly during any of the meals. The level of postprandial hypertriglyceridemia was not associated with change in endothelial function. CONCLUSIONS: Ingestion of a meal rich in fat previously used for deep frying in a commercial fast food restaurant resulted in impaired arterial endothelial function. These findings suggest that intake of degradation products of heated fat contribute to endothelial dysfunction.  (+info)

The influence of the colon on postprandial glucagon-like peptide 1 (7-36) amide concentration in man. (5/1828)

Glucagon-like peptide (7-36) amide (GLP-1) is an incretin hormone of the enteroinsular axis released rapidly after meals despite the fact that GLP-1 secreting cells (L-cells) occur predominantly in the distal gut. The importance of these colonic L-cells for postprandial GLP-1 was determined in healthy control subjects and in ileostomy patients with minimal small bowel resection (<5 cm). Subjects were fed a high complex carbohydrate test meal (15.3 g starch) followed by two carbohydrate-free, high fat test meals (25 g and 48.7 g fat respectively). Circulating levels of glucose, insulin, glucagon, glucose insulinotrophic peptide (GIP) and GLP-1 were measured over a 9-h postprandial period. For both subject groups the complex carbohydrate test meal failed to elicit a rise in either GIP or GLP-1. However, both hormones were elevated after the fat load although the GLP-1 concentration was significantly reduced in the ileostomist group when compared with controls (P=0.02). Associated with this reduction in circulating GLP-1 was an elevation in glucagon concentration (P=0.012) and a secondary rise in the plasma glucose concentration (P=0.006). These results suggest that the loss of colonic endocrine tissue is an important determinant in the postprandial GLP-1 concentration. Ileostomists should not be assumed to have normal enteroinsular function as the colon appears to have an important role in postprandial metabolism.  (+info)

Effect of the glycemic index and content of indigestible carbohydrates of cereal-based breakfast meals on glucose tolerance at lunch in healthy subjects. (6/1828)

BACKGROUND: Diets with a low glycemic index (GI) have been shown to improve glucose tolerance in both healthy and diabetic subjects. Two potential mechanisms are discussed in relation to long-term metabolic effects: a decreased demand for insulin in the postprandial phase and formation of short-chain fatty acids from fermentation of indigestible carbohydrates in the colon. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to study the effect of the GI and the indigestible carbohydrate--resistant starch (RS) and dietary fiber (DF)--content of cereal-based breakfasts on glucose tolerance at a second meal (lunch) in healthy subjects. DESIGN: The effects of 7 test breakfasts with known GIs (GI: 52-99) and RS + DF contents (2-36 g) were evaluated. White-wheat bread was used as a reference breakfast (high GI, low RS + DF content). Glucose and insulin responses after the second meal were measured in healthy subjects. In addition, the satiating capacity of 4 of the 7 test breakfasts was estimated before and during the second meal. RESULTS: Two of the 4 low-GI breakfasts improved glucose tolerance at the second meal. Only these 2 breakfasts were capable of postponing the in-between-meal fasting state. There was no measurable effect of fermentable carbohydrates on glucose tolerance at the second meal. The highest satiety score was associated with the barley breakfast that had a low GI and a high RS + DF content. CONCLUSIONS: Glucose tolerance can improve in a single day. Slow absorption and digestion of starch from the breakfast meal, but not the content of indigestible carbohydrates in the breakfast meal, improved glucose tolerance at the second meal (lunch).  (+info)

Net postprandial utilization of [15N]-labeled milk protein nitrogen is influenced by diet composition in humans. (7/1828)

The aim of this study was to follow the fate of dietary nitrogen to assess the postprandial utilization of purified milk protein and to determine the acute influence of energy nutrients. For this purpose, a [15N]-labeling dietary protein approach was used. Twenty-five subjects swallowed an ileal tube and ingested [15 N]-milk protein alone or supplemented with either milk fat or sucrose. The absorption and postprandial deamination of dietary protein was monitored for 8 h. Sucrose delayed the absorption of protein longer than fat, but the ileal digestibility did not differ among groups (94.5-94.8%). Sucrose, but not fat, significantly reduced the postprandial transfer of [15N]-milk nitrogen to urea. Consequently, the net postprandial protein utilization (NPPU) of milk protein calculated 8 h after meal ingestion was 80% when ingested either alone or supplemented with fat and was significantly greater with sucrose (NPPU = 85%). This study shows that energy nutrients do not affect the nitrogen absorption but modify the metabolic utilization of dietary protein in the phase of nitrogen gain. Our method provides information concerning the deamination kinetics of dietary amino acids and further allows the detection of differences of dietary protein utilization in acute conditions. The diet composition should be carefully considered, and protein quality must be determined under optimal conditions of utilization.  (+info)

Enhanced postprandial energy expenditure with medium-chain fatty acid feeding is attenuated after 14 d in premenopausal women. (8/1828)

BACKGROUND: Medium-chain triacylglycerols (MCTs) are reported to enhance human energy expenditure (EE), although few studies have involved women and the duration of such effects is only known for periods of approximately 7 d. OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to determine whether women consuming mixed, MCT-enriched or long-chain triacylglycerol (LCT)-enriched diets showed changes in EE or substrate oxidation after 7 and 14 d. DESIGN: Twelve nonobese, premenopausal women were fed isoenergetic mixed diets enriched in either MCTs or LCTs during separate, 14-d feeding periods. Each meal contained 40% of energy as fat (80% of which was the treatment fat), 45% as carbohydrate, and 15% as protein. On days 7 and 14 of each trial, basal metabolic rate (BMR, kJ/min), total energy expenditure (TEE, kJ/min), and thermic effect of feeding (deltakJ/min) after a standardized breakfast were measured by respiratory gas exchange. RESULTS: On day 7, the mean (+/-SEM) BMR (3.58+/-0.11 kJ/min) with the MCT diet was greater (P = 0.0003) than that with the LCT diet (3.43+/-0.11 kJ/min). The mean postprandial TEE on day 7 was significantly greater (P = 0.04) with the MCT diet (4.36+/-0.04 kJ/min) than with the LCT diet (4.23+/-0.04 kJ/min); by day 14, postprandial TEE was still greater with the MCT diet, but not significantly so. No significant differences in the thermic effect of feeding were evident between diets. CONCLUSIONS: Results from this longest controlled MCT feeding study to date suggest that short-term feeding of MCT-enriched diets increases TEE, but this effect could be transient with continued feeding.  (+info)

TY - JOUR. T1 - Effect of increased physical activities of daily living on postprandial triacylglycerol concentrations in postmenopausal women. AU - Edamoto, Kanako. AU - Jung, Hyun Hun. AU - Kidokoro, Tetsuhiro. AU - Yanaoka, Takuma. AU - Kashiwabara, Kyoko. AU - Takahashi, Masaki. AU - Miyashita, Masashi. PY - 2015. Y1 - 2015. N2 - Limited evidence was available to support the effect of self-selected activities performed under free-living conditions on postprandial lipaemia, particularly for older adults. Thus, the aim of the present study was to examine the chronic effect of increased physical activity of daily living on postprandial triacylglycerol (TAG) in postmenopausal women. Twentyeight postmenopausal women, aged 71 ± 4 years (mean ± SD), were randomly divided into two groups: active (n=14) and control (n=14) groups. The participants in the active group were asked to increase their activities above their usual lifestyle levels for 4 weeks; freely deciding the duration and intensity of ...
Consumption of whole grains has been heavily endorsed by both government and major health agencies, as evidenced in Health Canadas Food Guide, the US Department of Agricultures Food Pyramid, and the Heart and Stroke Foundations healthy eating guide. Whole grains have been championed for their proposed cardioprotective and weight control effects as suggested by epidemiological studies. The health benefits of whole grain products may be attributable to their nutrient composition, which contains dietary fibre, protein and several essential nutrients. There has also been a concurrent increase in seed consumption. Seeds have a similar and potentially superior nutritional composition to whole grains and they are rich in mammalian lignans and polyunsaturated fats, especially the highly valued omega-3 fatty acids. Preliminary studies on seeds have shown that they impart health benefits similar to those imparted by whole grains. Consumer choices regarding seed consumption may be based on their ...
Dietary fibre food intake is related to a reduced risk of developing diabetes mellitus. However, the mechanism of this effect is still not clear. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of commercial fibre cereals on the rate of gastric emptying, postprandial glucose response and satiety in healthy subjects. Gastric emptying rate (GER) was measured by standardized real time ultrasonography. Twelve healthy subjects were assessed using a randomized crossover blinded trial. The subjects were examined after an 8 hour fast and after assessment of normal fasting blood glucose level. Satiety scores were estimated and blood glucose measurements were taken before and at 0, 20, 30, 40, 60, 80, 100 and 120 min after the end of the meal. GER was calculated as the percentage change in the antral cross-sectional area 15 and 90 min after ingestion of sour milk with corn flakes (GER1), cereal bran flakes (GER2) or wholemeal oat flakes (GER3). The median value was, respectively, 42% for GER1, 33 % for GER2 and
THE EFFECTS OF DIETARY DIACYLGLYCEROLS ON POSTPRANDIAL LIPEMIA COMPARED TO TRIACYLGLYCEROLS IN COLLEGE AGED MALES AND FEMALES.. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the difference in postprandial triglyceride response of subjects to triacylglycerols [canola oil] compared to diacylglycerols [Enova oil] to determine if consumption of diacylglycerols produces a lower postprandial triglyceride response. Background: Postprandial lipemia is an increase in duration and magnitude of triglycerides in the blood. An elevated postprandial response to lipids is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease and metabolic syndrome, and metabolic syndrome independently increases the risk of cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. The greater the magnitude of lipemia, the greater the risk. In a double-blind study on male subjects, consumption of 10-44g (about 2 tsp to 3 tbsp) of diacylglycerol oil compared to triacylglycerol oil resulted in a decreased serum TG response. The most ...
Title: Assessment and Clinical Relevance of Non-Fasting and Postprandial Triglycerides: An Expert Panel Statement. VOLUME: 9 ISSUE: 3. Author(s):Genovefa D. Kolovou, Dimitri P. Mikhailidis, Jan Kovar, Dennis Lairon, Borge G. Nordestgaard, Teik Chye Ooi, Pablo Perez-Martinez, Helen Bilianou, Katherine Anagnostopoulou and George Panotopoulos. Affiliation:Cardiology Department, Onassis Cardiac Surgery Center, 356 Sygrou Avenue, 176 74 Athens, Greece.. Keywords:Postprandial triglycerides, non-fasting triglycerides, chylomicron remnants, very low density lipoprotein remnants, fat tolerance test, cardiovascular disease, statins, fibrates, nicotinic acid, type IIb hyperlipidemia. Abstract: An Expert Panel group of scientists and clinicians met to consider several aspects related to non-fasting and postprandial triglycerides (TGs) and their role as risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD). In this context, we review recent epidemiological studies relevant to elevated non-fasting TGs as a risk ...
Title: Assessment and Clinical Relevance of Non-Fasting and Postprandial Triglycerides: An Expert Panel Statement. VOLUME: 9 ISSUE: 3. Author(s):Genovefa D. Kolovou, Dimitri P. Mikhailidis, Jan Kovar, Dennis Lairon, Borge G. Nordestgaard, Teik Chye Ooi, Pablo Perez-Martinez, Helen Bilianou, Katherine Anagnostopoulou and George Panotopoulos. Affiliation:Cardiology Department, Onassis Cardiac Surgery Center, 356 Sygrou Avenue, 176 74 Athens, Greece.. Keywords:Postprandial triglycerides, non-fasting triglycerides, chylomicron remnants, very low density lipoprotein remnants, fat tolerance test, cardiovascular disease, statins, fibrates, nicotinic acid, type IIb hyperlipidemia. Abstract: An Expert Panel group of scientists and clinicians met to consider several aspects related to non-fasting and postprandial triglycerides (TGs) and their role as risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD). In this context, we review recent epidemiological studies relevant to elevated non-fasting TGs as a risk ...
The acute effect of high-intensity interval training versus moderate-intensity continuous training on postprandial blood glucose regulation
The acute effect of high-intensity interval training versus moderate-intensity continuous training on postprandial blood glucose regulation
Consuming a high-fat meal (HFM) may lead to postprandial lipemia (PPL) and inflammation. Postprandial exercise has been shown to effectively attenuate PPL. However, little is known about the impact of postprandial exercise on systemic inflammation and whether PPL and inflammation are associated. The purpose of this study was to determine whether moderate intensity exercise performed 60 min following a true-to-life HFM would attenuate PPL and inflammation. Thirty-nine young adults (18-40 year) with no known metabolic disease were randomized to either a control group (CON) who remained sedentary during the postprandial period or an exercise (EX) group who walked at 60 % VO2peak to expend ≈ 5 kcal/kgbw one-hour following the HFM. Participants consumed a HFM of 10 kcal/kgbw and blood draws were performed immediately before, 2 h and 4 h post-HFM. At baseline, there were no differences between EX and CON groups for any metabolic or inflammatory markers (p > 0.05). Postprandial triglycerides (TRG) increased
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Today, although our food is more processed than ever the effects of food processing on dietary lipids and their absorption and postprandial metabolism are not fully understood. The lipid composition of food impacts postprandial lipemia. The effects of different fats on the magnitude of postprandial lipemia depend on the fatty acid composition, mainly the chain length and degree of unsaturation of the fatty acids as well as the positioning of the fatty acids in the triacylglycerol backbone. Heightened or prolonged postprandial lipemia is a risk factor for atherosclerosis, obesity and type 2 diabetes. The technological properties of fat depend on its chemical and physical properties, thus, decreases in lipid droplet size or change of distribution of fatty acids in the triacylglycerol backbone during processing is often desired. Lipid oxidation is generally undesired and it deteriorates the quality of food. When absorbed, the products of lipid oxidation might participate in the development of ...
The impact of the timing of Humalog Mix25 injections on blood glucose fluctuations in the postprandial period in elderly patients with type 2 diabetes. - Order reprints #438862
OBJECTIVE: Different factors such as exercise habits and alcohol consumption may modulate postprandial lipid metabolism. What are the effects of alcohol on postprandial metabolism in untrained and trained individuals? METHODS: The postprandial lipid
Dietary saturated fat (SFA) intake has been associated with elevated blood lipid levels and increased risk for the development of chronic diseases. However, some animal studies have demonstrated that dietary SFA may not raise blood lipid levels when the diet is sufficient in omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3PUFA). Therefore, in a randomised cross-over design, we investigated the postprandial effects of feeding meals rich in either SFA (butter) or vegetable oil rich in omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-6PUFA), in conjunction with n-3PUFA, on blood lipid profiles [total cholesterol, low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and triacylglycerol (TAG)] and n-3PUFA incorporation into plasma lipids over a 6-h period. The incremental area under the curve for plasma cholesterol, LDL-C, HDL-C, TAG and n-3PUFA levels over 6 h was similar in the n-6PUFA compared to SFA group. The postprandial lipemic response to saturated fat is comparable to that ...
Purpose: There is conflicting evidence whether a single bout of resistance exercise performed the day before a test meal can lower postprandial triacylglycerol (TAG) concentrations. The present study examined the effect of a single session of resistance exercise, performed the same day as a test meal, on postprandial TAG concentrations in resistance-trained males.. Methods: Ten healthy males aged 25 (SD 2.6) yr performed two trials at least 1 wk apart in a counterbalanced, randomized design. In each trial, participants consumed a test meal (0.89 g of fat, 1.23 g of carbohydrate, 0.4 g of protein, 60 kJ.kg-1 body mass). Before one meal, participants performed a 90-min bout of resistance exercise. Before the other meal, participants were inactive (control trial). Resistance exercise was performed using free weights and included three sets of 12 repetitions of each of 10 exercises. Sets were performed at 80% of 12-repetition maximum with a 3-min work and rest interval. Venous blood samples were ...
The aim of this study was to investigate postprandial effects of two Chinese liquors on s elected cardiovascular disease risk factors in humans. Sixteen healthy men were randomized into three groups in a three-way crossover study: tea-flavor liquor (TFL), traditional Chinese liquor (TCL) and water control (WC). Every subject consumed 60 mL of either liquor (45% (v/v) ethanol) or water together with a high-fat meal, respectively. Compared with baseline, serum uric acid was significantly increased in TFL group (0.5-hour: P = 0.012; 1-hour: P = 0.001; 2-hour: P = 0.008) and it was significantly decreased in WC group (1-hour: P = 0.001; 2-hour: P = 0.001; 4-hour: P | 0.001), while uric acid was non-significantly increased in the TCL group. High-sensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) was significantly increased in the TCL (P = 0.014) and WC (P = 0.008) groups at postprandial 4 hours compared with baseline. There was no significant difference between groups during the postprandial period for these two
This phase I, placebo-controlled, randomized, double-blind, two-period, crossover study assessed the pharmacodynamics of liraglutide following a high-fat meal
As a general rule, industry-funded studies produce results favorable to the sponsors interests. But what have we here?. The study: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials on the Effects of Oats and Oat Processing on Postprandial Blood Glucose and Insulin Responses. Kathy Musa-Veloso, Daniel Noori, Carolina Venditti, Theresa Poon, Jodee Johnson, Laura S Harkness, Marianne OShea, YiFang Chu. The Journal of Nutrition, Volume 151, Issue 2, February 2021, Pages 341-351.. Results: the consumption of thick-but not thin-oat flakes was associated with significant reductions in postprandial blood glucose and insulin responses.. Conclusion: Relative to a refined grain control food with the same amount of available carbohydrate, the postprandial glycemic and insulin responses elicited by intact oat kernels and thick oats were significantly reduced. The postprandial glycemic and insulin responses with thin/instant/quick oats were not significantly different from those ...
Background: The mitigating effect of exercise on postprandial lipemia may be attributable to the energy deficit incurred.,p,,/p, Objective: We aimed to compare the effects of prior exercise and an equivalent energy intake deficit on postprandial lipemia.,p,,/p, Design: Eleven postmenopausal women participated in 3 oral-fat-tolerance tests after undergoing different treatments on the preceding day: control (subjects refrained from exercise and consumed a prescribed diet), exercise (subjects consumed the same diet but walked briskly for 90 min), and intake restriction (subjects food intake was restricted to induce the same energy deficit, relative to control, as brought about by the 90-min walk). Venous blood samples were obtained after subjects fasted overnight, 30 min after they ate a mixed, high-fat meal (1.70 g fat, 1.65 g carbohydrate, and 99 kJ/kg fat-free body mass), and hourly for the next 6 h.,p,,/p, Results: In the exercise trial, the mean fasting triacylglycerol concentration was 19% ...
The aim of this study was to compare the effects of 11 weeks of low-volume resistance training (LVRT) and high-volume resistance training (HVRT) on muscle strength, muscle thickness (MT), and postprandial lipaemia (PPL) in postmenopausal women. Thirty-six healthy and untrained postmenopausal women (age, 58.9 ± 5.8 years; 68.6 ± 10.3 kg; and BMI, 26.9 ± 4.8 kg · m(-2)) participated in resistance training 3× per week for 11 weeks (HVRT = 12; LVRT = 13; and control group = 11). Biochemical variables, both pretraining and post-training, were evaluated 16 h after the administration of an oral fat tolerance test (OFTT) and metabolic variable during [energy expenditure (EE)] and after training session [excess postexercise oxygen consumption (EPOC ...
We thank Mikhail and Cope (1) for their comments on our study (2). Mikhail and Cope are correct in noting that the decrease in 2-h postprandial glucose was much larger for the inhaled human insulin (INH) group compared with metformin. As the authors suggest, this could have contributed to the lower HbA1c (A1C) level in the INH arm. A1C is the sum of both fasting and postprandial glucose excursions. From work by Monnier et al. (3), it is known that there is a variable relationship between fasting and postprandial glucose based on current A1C levels, such that the influence of fasting and postprandial glucose is equivalent when the A1C is ∼8.4%. However, the lower the A1C, the greater the contribution of postprandial glucose and the higher the A1C, the greater the contribution of the fasting glucose. Thus, all components (postprandial glucose, fasting glucose, and A1C) must be treated for optimal glycemic control (3).. Mikhail and Cope draw comparisons between our trial and a three-arm study by ...
The objective of this study was to determine whether Acylation Stimulating Protein (ASP) is generated in vivo by human adipose tissue during the postprandial period. After a fat meal, samples from 12 subjects were obtained (up to 6 h) from an arterialized hand vein and an anterior abdominal wall vein that drains adipose tissue. Veno-arterial (V-A) gradients across the subcutaneous adipose tissue bed were calculated. The data demonstrate that ASP is produced in vivo (positive V-A gradient) with maximal production at 3-5 h postprandially. The plasma triacylglycerol (TAG) clearance was evidenced by a negative V-A gradient. It increased substantially after 3 h and remained prominant until the final time point. There was, therefore, a close temporal coordination between ASP generation and TAG clearance. In contrast, plasma insulin and non-esterified fatty acid (NEFA) had an early (1-2 h) postprandial change. Fatty acid incorporation into adipose tissue (FIAT) was calculated from V-A glycerol and ...
OBJECTIVE: Debate continues regarding the influence of dietary fats and sugars on the risk of developing metabolic diseases, including insulin resistance and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). We investigated the effect of two eucaloric diets, one enriched with saturated fat (SFA) and the other enriched with free sugars (SUGAR), on intrahepatic triacylglycerol (IHTAG) content, hepatic de novo lipogenesis (DNL), and whole-body postprandial metabolism in overweight males. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Sixteen overweight males were randomized to consume the SFA or SUGAR diet for 4 weeks before consuming the alternate diet after a 7-week washout period. The metabolic effects of the respective diets on IHTAG content, hepatic DNL, and whole-body metabolism were investigated using imaging techniques and metabolic substrates labeled with stable-isotope tracers. RESULTS: Consumption of the SFA diet significantly increased IHTAG by mean ± SEM 39.0 ± 10.0%, while after the SUGAR diet IHTAG was virtually
Findings from the present study highlight underlying differences between IER and CER with respect to their effects on postprandial glucose and lipid metabolism following matched 5 % weight loss. These data are novel and as such, there are no directly comparative data in the literature.. In our previous work we have reported that acutely, 1 d of substantial 75 % ER reduced incremental TAG responses by approximately 60 %( 11 ). Chronically, the present study found approximately 40 % reduction in incremental responses following 5 % weight loss achieved through IER. This finding has the potential to be of clinical importance based on evidence from large prospective cohort studies highlights an independent link between elevated postprandial TAG and CVD risk( 22 - 24 ). Moreover, postprandial TAG responses have also been shown to predict the presence of coronary artery disease, with one study in adult males finding that the magnitude of lipaemia was approximately 41 % greater among cases v. controls( ...
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The differential effects of isoenergetic high carbohydrate and high fat meals on exercise tolerance in patients with chronic stable angina are both intriguing and difficult to explain. Because of the noninvasive nature of the current experiment, we can only speculate as to the mechanisms underlying the different exercise responses between meals. The onset of myocardial ischemia is determined by an imbalance between myocardial oxygen demand and supply. The high carbohydrate meal led to a small increase in myocardial oxygen demand, estimated indirectly using the rate-pressure product, but it is unlikely that this alone would account for the marked differences in time to onset of ischemia and maximal exercise between meals. In addition, the measurable determinants of myocardial oxygen demand, that is, change in heart rate and cardiac output, were no different between meals (this study did not estimate myocardial wall tension). What is more likely is that the meals had different effects on ...
A new oral hypoglycemic agent in a new class of drugs-the sixth-won approval as a therapy on its own and in combination with metformin by the FDA December 22, 2000. In spite of several reports to the contrary, it is in a different class of drugs from Prandin (repaglinide). Starlix is a D-phenylalanine (amino-acid) derivative developed by a Japanese amino-acid company and soon to be marketed here by Novartis. Starlix deals with postprandial hyperglycemia-elevated mealtime glucose-which is common in people with type 2 diabetes, yet often goes undetected. Data show that patients spend a significant part of their day in the postprandial state. These mealtime/postprandial elevations contribute to overall blood glucose levels as measured by HbA1c tests. However, because diabetes management has traditionally focused on fasting plasma glucose levels (measurement of glucose in the absence of food), the surges in glucose that typically occur in type 2 diabetes patients after eating are often not ...
OBJECTIVE - Observational studies show breaking up prolonged sitting has beneficial associations with cardiometabolic risk markers, but intervention studies are required to investigate causality. We examined the acute effects on postprandial glucose and insulin levels of uninterrupted sitting compared with sitting interrupted by brief bouts of light- or moderate-intensity walking. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS - Overweight/obese adults (n = 19), aged 45-65 years, were recruited for a randomized three-period, three-treatment acute crossover trial: 1) uninterrupted sitting; 2) seated with 2-min bouts of light-intensity walking every 20 min; and 3) seated with 2-min bouts of moderate-intensity walking every 20 min. A standardized test drink was provided after an initial 2-h period of uninterrupted sitting. The positive incremental area under curves (iAUC) for glucose and insulin (mean [95%CI]) for the 5 h after the test drink (75 g glucose, 50 g fat) were calculated for the respective treatments. RESULTS -
Public health guidelines suggest 30 min of PA every day (13,14). Even half the recommended PA has been shown to improve mortality rate (15). In patients with cardiovascular disease, rehabilitation with moderate PA has been shown to improve overall quality of life (16). Therefore, PA has well-documented health-associated benefits. PA has a direct impact on glucose excursions. We wanted to quantify the effect of PA on GV in the postprandial state. The results from this study indicate that performing low-grade PA after meals, such as immediately attending to dishes and chores of daily living, equivalent to taking a short walk, has a potential benefit in participants by lowering postprandial glucose excursions.. Past studies examining the effect of PA on glucose control often use %VO2 max as a predictive measure of PA. Aerobic capacity as measured by %VO2 max, although precise, is not practical in quantifying daily free-living activities (17,18). Accelerometers constitute a practical way to quantify ...
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of a high fat or high carbohydrate breakfast on postprandial lipid profile in healthy subjects with or without family history of type 2 diabetes mellitus. A single blind, controlled clinical trial with parallel groups was performed in 20 healthy subjects; 10 subjects with family history of type 2 diabetes mellitus and 10 individuals without that background. Each group was randomized to receive a high fat or high carbohidrate breakfast. A metabolic profile that included fasting and postprandial lipids, as well as, the assessment of insulin sensitivity were performed ...
Thought should be given towards the addition of prandial or mealtime insulin coverage when sizeable postprandial glucose excursions (e.g., to >10.0 mmol/L [>180 mg/dL]) take place. This can be advised if the fasting glucose is at focus on but the HbA1c stays over objective immediately after 3-6 months of basal insulin titration (91). The identical would apply if substantial drops in glucose take place throughout right away hrs or between foods, given that the basal insulin dose is greater. With this state of affairs, the basal insulin dose would clearly should be at the same time lowered as prandial insulin is initiated ...
The past few decades heralded an era of high carbohydrate (CHO) diets, some of which are now known to worsen lipid profiles and increase risk of cardiovascular...
Added report from EASD of new study showing tight correlation between A1c and heart attack risk in normal people at A1c ranges of 5%, though 2 hour OGTT values are not predictive. Explained why OGTT results in people with 5% A1cs will NOT match post-meal blood sugar values due to the the tests artificial use of fast acting glucose. I speculate that looking at post-meal blood sugar values in people with 5% A1cs given a high carb meal would show a correlation between 1 hour values and heart attack risk ...
This study establishes that while acute, intermittent, and prolonged infusions of exogenous GLP-1 all slow gastric emptying substantially in health, the magnitude of this effect is attenuated during prolonged stimulation, which reduces the effect of GLP-1 on postprandial glycemic excursions.. These observations were anticipated and are consistent with the notion that short-acting agonists appear to have a substantial, and sustained, effect to slow gastric emptying, whereas the acute effects of long-acting agonists on gastric emptying diminish with ongoing use (6,9,10,16). Indeed, while prolonged stimulation with exenatide once a week lowers postprandial glycemia, the magnitude of lowering is greater when exenatide twice daily is administered (6).. While a similar effect on gastric emptying was suggested by both Nauck et al. (11) and Näslund et al. (8) there were limitations with both studies. In both studies, the methods used to measuring measure gastric emptying were less than optimal and, in ...
This is a time we enjoy our family and friends, eat more, stress more, sleep less and change our routines. While you are around family and friends...
Halil Coskun, MD, Suleyman Bozkurt, MD, Naim Memmi, MD, Gokhan Cipe, MD, Yeliz Emine Ersoy, MD, Oguzhan Karatepe, MD, Mustafa Hasbahceci, MD, Erhan Aysan, MD, Adem Akcakaya, MD, Mahmut Muslumanoglu, MD. Bezmialem Vakif University School of Medicine Department of Surgery, Istanbul Turkey. Background: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a global health problem worldwide especially in obese population. The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of laparoscopic mini-gastric bypass in obese T2DM patients.. Material and Methods: Twenty-four consecutive patients with BMI ,35 kg/m2 plus T2DM underwent LMGB at our hospital from January 2010 to January 2012. Preoperative T2DM related data including glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c), fasting and 2 h postprandial glucose, C-peptide levels were compared with data collected at 1, 3 and 6 postoperative months.. Results: Eighteen patients were female. Mean age was 39.9 years (range 27-58 years), mean preoperative BMI was 39.2 kg/m2 (range ...
There are two studies that are not randomized or blinded (20,21), but they were included due to the number of patients. The dose of fat used in the OFLT was variable, with about 28 grams (25) to 60 grams per square meter of body surface (27). In many studies, the exact dose of fat used is not clearly defined. In this regard, studies are not comparable. However, the dose of Orlisat used was always 120 mg, as a single dose or in short treatment (before breakfast, lunch and dinner). In most studies, TGL area under the curve (AUC) was calculated. Meta-analysis was not considered because test meals, duration of observation in the postprandial state, and the type of patients differ within the study.. HEALTHY VOLUNTEERS. We found that 3 studies were done with a single dose of orlistat in healthy volunteers (18-20), which make up 68 individuals in all.. The response to the OFLT was homogeneous in all patients with a reduced postprandial triglyceride AUC compared to placebo. In addition, a significant ...
The so-called lentil effect or second meal effect describes the remarkable effect of beans to help control blood sugar levels hours, or even the next day, after consumption.
In part 1 of this exclusive ADA interview, Anthony Cincotta discusses the mechanistic science behind the development of Cycloset, and why preclinical and clinical findings suggest the therapy may reset clock mechanisms governing postprandial glucose metabolism.
The Homburg Cream and Sugar (HCS) study was designed to determine whether the measurement of postprandial triglyceride in addition to the assessment of glucose tolerance and traditional risk factors might improve the prediction ...
In addition to its sweetening properties, d-allulose may also aid in weight management by enhancing post-meal fat oxidation and decreasing carbohydrate oxidation, according to researchers in Japan.
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Background: Postprandial hypertriglyceridemia (PHTG) is caused by the accumulation of chylomicron and chylomicron remnants and has been shown to be associated with metabolic syndrome and the development of atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases. In our previous studies, we showed that the intestinal cholesterol transporter inhibitor, ezetimibe, attenuates PHTG and postprandial elevation of FFAs in patients with type IIb hyperlipidemia (Eur J Clin Invest 2009), however the mechanisms for this have not been elucidated yet.. Methods and Results: We investigated the effect of ezetimibe on PHTG in wild-type (WT) mice fed a western diet and CD36KO mice fed a normal chow diet, which is an animal model of PHTG which was due to the intestinal over-production of chylomicrons. Ezetimibe significantly reduced TG levels at 3 hours after oral fat load using olive oil in both WT and CD36KO mice (from 375±41 to 252±19 mg/dl. 457±114 to 383±93 mg/dl, respectively). The analysis of lipoprotein profiles by ...
Background: Diabetes mellitus (DM) comprises a group of common metabolic disorders that share phenotype of hyperglycemia.. Objectives: This study was conducted to determine the correlation between glucose monitoring by fasting blood glucose or two hours postprandial blood glucose with glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) in type 2 diabetic patients.. Method: A cross sectional study was conducted over a period of six month in the Department of Biochemistry. Institute of Medical, Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital. Sixty inpatients with Diabetes mellitus type 2 were assessed for daily fasting and postprandial blood sugar for 15 consecutive days. HbA1c was measured on the 15th day.. Result: Both postprandial blood glucose and fasting blood glucose significantly correlated with HbA1c. Postprandial blood glucose showed better correlation to HbA1c than fasting blood glucose (r = 0.630, P ,0.001 vs. r =0.452, P = 0.05).. Conclusion: These results show that postprandial blood glucose correlated better than ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Omega-3 fatty acids improve postprandial lipaemia in patients with nephrotic range proteinuria. AU - Bell, Samira. AU - Cooney, Josephine. AU - Packard, Christopher J.. AU - Caslake, Muriel. AU - Deighan, Christopher J.. PY - 2009/7/1. Y1 - 2009/7/1. N2 - Background: Patients with nephrotic range proteinuria have a marked increase in the risk of cardiovascular disease. Qualitative and quantitative changes in lipids and lipoproteins contribute to this increased risk with an abundance of atherogenic triglyceride (TG) rich apolipoprotein B containing lipoproteins. TG rich lipoproteins predominate postprandially and are associated with increased risk of coronary heart disease (CHD). Omega-3 fatty acids derived from fish oils have been shown to have beneficial effects on lipids and lipoproteins in patients without proteinuria. Methods: 17 patients with nephrotic range proteinuria and 17 age and sex matched controls were studied. Postprandial lipaemia was assessed in patients and ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Effects of pancreas transplantation on postprandial glucose metabolism. AU - Katz, Harold. AU - Homan, Mal. AU - Velosa, Jorge. AU - Robertson, Paul. AU - Rizza, Robert. PY - 1991/10/31. Y1 - 1991/10/31. N2 - Background. Because a pancreas allograft is placed in the pelvis, pancreas transplantation abolishes the normal gradient between portal-vein and peripheral-vein insulin concentrations and causes systemic hyperinsulinemia. Whether pancreas transplantation restores carbohydrate metabolism to normal is not known. Methods. We studied seven patients with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus after pancreas-kidney transplantation, seven nondiabetic patients after kidney transplantation (to control for immunosuppression), and eight normal subjects. Measurements were made after an overnight fast and after ingestion of a mixed meal. Results. Although plasma glucose concentrations did not differ in the two transplant groups, plasma insulin concentrations were significantly higher in the ...
Preservation of skeletal muscle mass is of great importance for maintaining both metabolic health and functional capacity. Muscle mass maintenance is regulated by the balance between muscle protein breakdown and synthesis rates. Both muscle protein breakdown and synthesis rates have been shown to be highly responsive to physical activity and food intake. Food intake, and protein ingestion in particular, directly stimulates muscle protein synthesis rates. The postprandial muscle protein synthetic response to feeding is regulated on a number of levels, including dietary protein digestion and amino acid absorption, splanchnic amino acid retention, postprandial insulin release, skeletal muscle tissue perfusion, amino acid uptake by muscle, and intramyocellular signaling. The postprandial muscle protein synthetic response to feeding is blunted in many conditions characterized by skeletal muscle loss, such as aging and muscle disuse. Therefore, it is important to define food characteristics that modulate
TY - JOUR. T1 - Postprandial hepatic protein expression in trout Oncorhynchus mykiss a proteomics examination. AU - Mente, Elena. AU - Pierce, Graham J.. AU - Antonopoulou, Efthimia AU - Stead, David Andrew. AU - Martin, SAM. N1 - The authors wish to express their thanks to Evelyn Argo and Craig Pattinson for the gels, Ian Davidson for mass spec analysis, for his help with the proteomics analysis, and BIOMAR Ltd for providing feeds. EM was by Marine Alliance for Science and Technology Scotland (MASTS) visiting Fellowship. Thanks are due, for the financial support to CESAM (UID/AMB/50017), to FCT/MEC through national funds, and the co-funding by the FEDER (POCI-01-0145-FEDER-007638), within the PT2020 Partnership Agreement and Compete 2020.. PY - 2017/3. Y1 - 2017/3. N2 - Following a meal, a series of physiological changes occurs in animals as they digest, absorb and assimilate ingested nutrients, the kinetics of these responses depends on metabolic rate and nutrient quality. Here we investigated ...
Background/Objective: To determine the glycemic index (GI) of RNR15048 rice variety and study its effectiveness in reducing postprandial blood glucose levels and the regulation of lipid profile in patients with type 2 diabetes. Subjects/Methods: The GI of RNR15048 rice was measured in 54 healthy subjects in the age group of 30-50 years. The dietary intervention study was conducted in 80 subjects with diabetes in the age group of 40-60 years where 40 test subjects replaced their regular rice with RNR 15048 rice variety for 3 months. Anthropometric and biochemical parameters, HbA1c, fasting blood glucose, lipid profile, insulin were determined before and after the study. Results: The glycemic index (GI) of RNR 15048 rice variety was observed to be low with GI of 51.72 ± 3.39. The dietary intervention study in type 2 diabetic subjects revealed significant decrease in fasting blood glucose (158.4 ± 9.30 vs 140.2 ± 8.87 mg/dL) and HbA1c levels (7.1 ± 0.34 vs 6.1 ± 0.33 %) with an increase in HDL levels
TY - JOUR. T1 - Associations between postprandial insulin and blood glucose responses, appetite sensations and energy intake in normal weight and overweight individuals: a meta-analysis of test meal studies. AU - Flint, Anne. AU - Gregersen, Nikolaj T.. AU - Gluud, Lise L.. AU - Møller, Bente K.. AU - Raben, Anne. AU - Tetens, Inge. AU - Verdich, Camilla. AU - Astrup, Arne. PY - 2007. Y1 - 2007. N2 - is unclear whether postprandial blood glucose or insulin exerts a regulatory function in short-term appetite regulation in humans. The aim of this study was to investigate, by use of meta-analysis, the role of blood glucose and insulin in short-term appetite sensation and energy intake (EI) in normal weight and overweight participants. Data from seven test meal studies were used, including 136 healthy participants (ALL) (92 normal weight (NW) and 44 overweight or obese (OW)). All meals were served as breakfasts after an overnight fast, and appetite sensations and blood samples were obtained ...
In agreement with a range of previous studies we report that a single session of moderate intensity exercise decreases fasting triacylglycerol concentration on the subsequent day. There was a trend towards a significant decrease in postprandial triacylglycerol concentration following the moderate fat mixed meal; however when postprandial triacylglycerol concentrations were corrected for their corresponding fasting concentration, no decrease was observed. Despite the improvement in triacylglycerol concentration there was no reduction in fasting or postprandial chylomicron particle number. Insulin sensitivity, measured by HOMA score, and NEFA levels in either the fasting or postprandial states were also not altered in this group of subjects.. The extent of the reduction in fasting triacylglycerol concentration observed in the present study was 16% which is comparable to that reported in other studies [9-12]. In the fasting state the majority of circulating triacylglycerol resides associated with ...
2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Objective The triglyceride (TG) response to a high-fat meal (postprandial lipemia, PPL) affects cardiovascular disease risk and is influenced by genes and environment. Genes involved in lipid metabolism have dominated genetic studies of PPL TG response. We sought to elucidate common genetic variants through a genome-wide association (GWA) study in the Genetics of Lipid Lowering Drugs and Diet Network (GOLDN). Methods The GOLDN GWAS discovery sample consisted of 872 participants within families of European ancestry. Genotypes for 2,543,887 variants were measured or imputed from HapMap. Replication of our top results was performed in the Heredity and Phenotype Intervention (HAPI) Heart Study (n = 843). PPL TG response phenotypes were constructed from plasma TG measured at baseline (fasting, 0 hour), 3.5 and 6 hours after a high-fat meal, using a random coefficient regression model. Association analyses were adjusted for covariates and principal components, ...
Objective:To investigate whether a moderate increase in dietary sucrose intake induces different serum lipid responses in normolipidemic subjects with the ɛ2 allele compared with subjects without the ɛ2 allele.Design:Controlled, parallel study.Subjects:There were 15 subjects with the apolipoprotein E (APOE)3/2 genotype and 19 subjects with the APOE3/3 or 3/4 genotype, whose mean±s.d. age was 48±14 and 35±10 years, respectively. All subjects had normal glucose metabolism.Interventions:The subjects were instructed to increase their sucrose intake by 40 g/day for 8 weeks and to decrease the intake of saturated and unsaturated fat to maintain energy balance. Dietary adherence was monitored using food records and the actual increase in sucrose intake was 39.8±18.4 g/day. Sixteen subjects (nine with APOE3/2 genotype, seven with APOE3/3 or 3/4 genotypes) participated also in an 8 h oral fat tolerance test at the beginning and at the end of the intervention.Results:Body weight ...
Repeated mental stress may lead to chronic alterations in cortisol and catecholamine concentrations and to insulin resistance. Furthermore, chronically elevated cortisol concentrations may favour the development of abdominal obesity and of the metabolic syndrome. Oxidative stress impairs glucose uptake in muscle and fat and correlates with BMI. Obese subjects with type 2 diabetes, especially soon after the onset of diabetes, usually exhibit postprandial hyperglycemia with delayed hyperinsulinemia. It is recognized that insulin resistance causes postprandial hyperglycemia ; however, it is also possible that impairment of early insulin secretion in response to an oral glucose load is the reason why postprandial hyperglycemia occurs. Since even modest increases in postprandial glucose values can be a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Therefore, the effects of palatinose based functional food which reduces postprandial hyperglycemia and hyperinsulinemia were investigated in rats. This novel ...
Background: The aim of the prospective Homburg Cream & Sugar study was to compare risk prediction by fasting and postprandial serum triglycerides (TG) in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) on guideline-recommended medication.. Methods & Results: N=514 consecutive patients with angiographically confirmed, clinically stable CAD (median age 68 years, 83% male, 95% on a statin, median LDL-C 105mg/dl) received a sequential oral triglyceride (OTT, 75g cream fat) and glucose tolerance test (OGT, 75g glucose) to obtain standardized measurements of postprandial TG and glucose kinetics. Lipid and glucose parameters were measured at fasting, 3, 4, and 5 hours after the OTT/OGT.. Fasting TG were strongly associated with the area under the curve (AUC) of the postprandial TG increase (R=0.93, p,0.0001). Compared to the lowest tertile of fasting TG (,106mg/dl), patients in the highest tertile (,150mg/dl) were younger, more obese, more were smoking, they had a higher blood pressure, lower HDL- and ...
Effect of Fructose on Postprandial Triglycerides: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Controlled Feeding Trials Academic Article ...
The current study was designed to examine whether the deceleration of gastric emptying by GLP-1 is subject to rapid tachyphylaxis and how this would affect postprandial glucose homeostasis. We report that the GLP-1-induced deceleration of gastric emptying is significantly diminished already after 5 h of continuous infusion compared with its initial effects. This attenuation of GLP-1 efficacy leads to increased postprandial concentrations of glucose, insulin, and glucagon, as well as changes in the concentration time pattern of GIP.. A deceleration of gastric emptying by GLP-1 has been demonstrated in patients with type 2 diabetes and healthy individuals (5,8,14). In line with these studies, the GLP-1-induced delay in gastric emptying not only prevented the postprandial increase in glycemia but also led to a marked reduction in insulin and C-peptide levels. The GLP-1-induced reduction in postprandial glycemia and insulin secretion was less pronounced during the second meal course, when the delay ...
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High fasting plasma concentrations of isoleucine, phenylalanine, and tyrosine have been associated with increased risk of hyperglycaemia and incidence of type 2 diabetes. Whether these associations are diet or metabolism driven is unknown. We examined how the dietary protein source affects the postprandial circulating profile of these three diabetes associated amino acids (DMAAs) and tested whether the postprandial DMAA profiles are associated with fasting glycaemia. We used a crossover design with twenty-one healthy individuals and four different isocaloric test meals, containing proteins from different dietary sources (dairy, fish, meat, and plants). Analysis of the postprandial DMAAs concentrations was performed using targeted mass spectrometry. A DMAA score was defined as the sum of all the three amino acid concentrations. The postprandial area under the curve (AUC) of all the three amino acids and the DMAA score was significantly greater after intake of the meal with dairy protein compared to
Humalog Mix in Malayalam - ന്റെ ഉപയോഗങ്ങൾ, ഡോസേജ്, പാർശ്വഫലങ്ങൾ, പ്രയോജനങ്ങൾ, പ്രതിപ്രവർത്തനങ്ങൾ, മുന്നറിയിപ്പ് എന്നിവ കണ്ടെത്തുക - Humalog Mix upayogangal, dossge, parswafalangal, prayojanangal, prathipravarthanangal, munnariyippu
Emerging research, recently published through the American Diabetes Association, has revealed a potentially new approach to nutrition for patients with type 2 diabetes. Existing evidence strongly correlates carbohydrate consumption to increased glycaemic response, however limited data is currently available on the effects of food order on postprandial glycaemia in type 2 diabetic patients. Consequently one study aimed to pursue the effects of food order, modelled on a typical Western meal (incorporating vegetables, protein and carbohydrate) on postmeal glucose levels in type 2 diabetic patients, and investigate how comparable the findings were to typical pharmaceutical interventions. The pilot study tested 11 type 2 diabetic subjects (6 female, 5 male). Patients were required to fast overnight (12-h) prior to the consumption of an isocaloric meal of identical composition; scheduled on two separate days, one week apart. Blood was sampled for analysis at baseline (before ingestion) and at 30, 60 ...
If you have questions about postprandial, aka post meal, blood glucose levels and whats considered normal, youll find all the answers here.
Purpose: : Insulin resistance and altered insulin release are the pathogenetic mechanisms underlying the development of hyperglycemia in subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Microvascular complications, such as retinopathy, arise as a consequence of chronic hyperglycemia, eventually leading to blindness. Initially, the natural history of T2DM includes a period of normal or near-normal fasting plasma glucose levels and marked postprandial glycemic excursions. The impact of these glycemic spikes on retinal function is still matter of controversy. The aim of the present study was to develop a model of mild type 2 diabetes in rats (combining diet-induced insulin resistance and a slight β-cell secretory impairment) in order to study early retinopathic changes in rodents with slight fasting hyperglycemia and markedly elevated postprandial glucose levels. Methods: : Adult male Wistar rats received tap water and citrate buffer i.p. (Group 1), tap water with 30% w/v sucrose and citrate buffer ...
Science & Technology, Life Sciences & Biomedicine, Endocrinology & Metabolism, ENDOCRINOLOGY & METABOLISM, human metabolism, insulin resistance, integrative physiology, NEFA, postprandial metabolism, systems physiology, HUMAN ADIPOSE-TISSUE, PROLIFERATOR-ACTIVATED RECEPTOR, LIPOPROTEIN-LIPASE ACTIVITY, IMPROVES GLYCEMIC CONTROL, SKELETAL-MUSCLE, GENE-EXPRESSION, BLOOD-FLOW, POSTPRANDIAL LIPEMIA, INSULIN SENSITIVITY, PPAR-GAMMA ...
Various botanical and structural characteristics of starchy foods are considered to modify the rate of starch digestion and the glycaemic responses in humans. The main objective of the study was to examine the impact of fermented barley and oat microstructure on the rate of in vitro starch hydrolysis. A dynamic gastrointestinal model was used to estimate the degree of starch hydrolysis during in vitro digestion of fermented whole grain cereal meals. Light microscopy and confocal laser scanning microscopy were used to study the microstructural changes. In parallel to the in vitro studies, the impact of fermented barley and oats on postprandial plasma glucose responses was evaluated in a human study. Micrographs were taken during in vitro digestion experiments with fermented whole grains and compared with micrographs of boiled barley (undigested). Images showed that most of the oat starch granules were degraded after 120 min of digestion, whereas barley starch granules were less degraded, even ...
Cabello-Moruno, R and Sinausia, L and Montero, E and Botham, K M and Avella, M A and Perona, J S (2015) Minor components of pomace olive oil enhance VLDL-receptor expression in macrophages when treated with postprandial triglyceride-rich lipoproteins. GRASAS Y ACEITES, 66 (4). Bentley, C and Hathaway, N and Widdows, J and Bejta, F and De Pascale, C and Avella, M A and Wheeler-Jones, C P D and Botham, K M and Lawson, C (2011) Influence of chylomicron remnants on human monocyte activation in vitro. NUTRITION METABOLISM AND CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES, 21 (11). pp. 871-878. Lopez-Soldado, I and Avella, M A and Botham, K M (2009) Differential influence of different dietary fatty acids on very low-density lipoprotein secretion when delivered to hepatocytes in chylomicron remnants. Metabolism-Clinical and Experimental, 58 (2). pp. 186-195. Lopez-Soldado, I and Avella, M A and Botham, K M (2009) Suppression of VLDL secretion by cultured hepatocytes incubated with chylomicron remnants enriched in n-3 ...
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This phase Ib study compared BioChaperone Combo [insulin-glargine/insulin-lispro] versus Humalog Mix75/25 [Insulin-neutral-protamine-lispro/insulin-lispro] on
PURPOSE: Since relatively little research is available to assess how strategies that differentially time meal consumption relative to exercise influence the degree of postprandial lipemia (PPL), the goal of this study was to compare postprandial responses to a standardized high fat meal consumed alone (M) versus the same meal consumed in conjunction with exercise (60% of VO2max for 50 min) performed either immediately prior to (EM) or two hours after (ME) meal ingestion.. METHODS: Twelve young, healthy male volunteers performed the three trials in random order. Blood samples were drawn after fasting and 1, 3, 5 and 7 hours after the test meal to determine plasma concentrations of triglycerides (TG), glucose and insulin. Blood was also obtained after exercise for the EM trial.. RESULTS: The area under the curve (AUC) for TG was 33% lower (p,0.05) for the EM trial in comparison to M, but no difference was detected between ME and M. The glucose AUC for M was significantly (p,0.05) higher for M than ...
Background Postprandial lipemia (PL) contributes to coronary artery disease. test times menu for instance supplied deep-fried doughnut and noodles for breakfast time, accompanied by sour and sugary seafood, spicy deep-fried egg place and stir deep-fried green vegetables offered with grain for lunchtime buy 941685-37-6 whilst topics consumed wedding cake and fried springtime rolls for high tea. To increase compliance, volunteers had been given the check oils for planning dinner aswell as weekend foods in the home. This 7-time period of eating standardization reduced any variance in diet fatty acid consumption before the postprandial investigations. A wash-out period of one Rabbit polyclonal to XCR1 week was allowed between the test rotations. Subjects were asked to eat according to their individual caloric strategy as calculated from the dietitian. Bodyweight measurements were documented before every postprandial challenge to make sure weight fluctuations were minimized between test meal ...
Humalog Mix 50-50 (Insulin Lispro) may treat, side effects, dosage, drug interactions, warnings, patient labeling, reviews, and related medications including drug comparison and health resources.
Humulin 70/30 is injected under the skin. Mar 04, 2019 · Humalog 100 is the most common variety of Lillys short-acting insulin. Print coupons for the best price on Humalog U 100 Insulin using the free WebMDRx Savings Card (3 days ago) Humalog comes in two strengths: U-100 (100 units per milliliter) and U-200 (200 units per milliliter). 12.4 hours. Doses of insulin are measured in units. It has a compact size and simple design that allows you to manage your blood sugar levels at home or on the go with convenient, easy and accurate insulin delivery The HUMALOG U-100 Junior KwikPen dials in 0.5 unit increments and delivers a maximum does of 30 units per injection. After you use your pen for the first time, you dont have to put it back in the refrigerator Want a choice in delivery options. Medication name If eligible for the Humalog U-200 KwikPen Savings Card, youll pay as little as $25 for your prescription. Half Life The half-life of a drug is the time taken for the plasma concentration of a ...
Reviews and ratings for humalog mix 75/25 when used in the treatment of diabetes, type 2. Share your experience with this medication by writing a review.
New research in The FASEB Journal suggests that the postprandial levels of circulating metabolites in the blood of identical twins tends to be similar after a fast food meal, independent of weight difference.
An accumulating body of evidence demonstrates that a modest amount of dietary protein can achieve a maximal MPS response. The amount of myofibrillar protein accrued after such a meal is in part directed by the onset of a muscle-full state, of postabsorptive refractoriness to nutritional stimulation [31]. The mechanisms that underlie the onset of the muscle-full state have not been elucidated, hampering the development of interventions that could delay the onset of the muscle-full state, which may in turn help to build or maintain muscle mass. Research in this area remains current with much interest surrounding the potential of pharmaconutrients, e.g. leucine, to boost the anabolic effectiveness of feeding, especially in older populations and in those at risk of sarcopenia [32].. Here, we studied a cohort of older men in the absence and presence of a late postprandial period leucine top-up. As expected, provision of 15 g of EAA led to sustained hyperaminoacidemia and stimulated MPS until the ...
In this paper, circulating levels of metabolites following a meal test in individuals carrying the high risk rs790346 TT genotype (cases) and low-risk CC genotype (controls) were assessed.
(2011) Pal, Ellis. British Journal of Nutrition. Previous evidence indicates that chronic consumption of dairy whey proteins has beneficial effects on CVD risk factors. The present study investigated the postprandial effects of whey protein isola...
Basu, Yoffe P, Hills N, Lustig RH (2013). The relationship of sugar to population-level diabetes prevalence: an econometric analysis of repeated cross-sectional data. PLoS One. 2013;8(2):e57873. Teff KL1, Elliott SS, Tschöp M, Kieffer TJ, Rader D, Heiman M, Townsend RR, Keim NL, DAlessio D, Havel PJ (2004). Dietary fructose reduces circulating insulin and leptin, attenuates postprandial suppression of ghrelin, and increases triglycerides in women. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 89(6):2963-72. ...
Lipids are typically measured after an 8-12 h fast. Most patients are not fasting when they are initially evaluated by their providers, meaning that a repeat visit is necessary if a fasting blood draw is required. However, if postprandial effects do not substantially alter lipid levels, then a non-fasting blood draw has many practical advantages for clinical practice, particularly in paediatrics where fasting is a challenge. Recent studies in adults have suggested that non-fasting lipids may suffice for initial screening of cardiovascular risk,1,-,5 but data in children are scarce. Therefore, the investigators conducted a large cross-sectional study in children to assess differences in lipid values based … ...
N. Winslow, J.F. Potter, V. Hammond, K.G.M.M. Alberti, O.F.W. James; Effect of Age on Post-Prandial Blood Pressure, Catecholamine and Insulin Responses. Clin Sci (Lond) 1 January 1988; 74 (s18): 44P. doi: https://doi.org/10.1042/cs074044P. Download citation file:. ...
2 hour postprandial blood glucose levels ,6.7 mmol/L. Regular blood samples can be used to determine HbA1c levels, which give ... an idea of glucose control over a longer time period.[12] Research suggests a possible benefit of breastfeeding to reduce the ... Agarwal, M. M.; Dhatt, G. S.; Punnose, J.; Zayed, R. (2007). "Gestational diabetes: Fasting and postprandial glucose as first ... 1 hour postprandial capillary blood glucose levels ,8.0 mmol/L. * ... 2-hour postprandial (after a meal) glucose test. *Random ...
In its skeleton-preserving actions, calcitonin protects against calcium loss from the skeleton during periods of calcium ... Other effects are in preventing postprandial hypercalcemia resulting from absorption of Ca2+. Also, calcitonin inhibits food ...
Indeed, short-term personalized dietary interventions based on a personalized GI microbiome, can improve postprandial glucose ... to widen that person's GI microbiome richness as a prelude to obesity treatments to maintain a weight loss over a long period, ...
Postprandial blood glucose Blood taken 1-2 hours after eating to see the amount of glucose (sugar) in the blood. Prediabetes A ... Peak action The time period when the effect of something is as strong as it can be such as when insulin in having the most ... Acute Happens for a limited period of time; abrupt onset; sharp, severe. Adrenal gland An endocrine gland located on top of the ... Polydipsia A great thirst that lasts for long periods of time; a sign of diabetes. Polyphagia Great hunger; a sign of diabetes ...
In early dumping syndrome, pancreatic glucagon is augmented in the early postprandial period, probably through stimulation the ... Digestive Diseases and Sciences Volume 46, Number 9 (2001), 1915-1923, doi:10.1023/A:1010635131228 Postprandial GLP-1, ...
... postprandial period MeSH G10.261.862 - salivation MeSH G10.549.140 - dental caries susceptibility MeSH G10.549.164 - dental ...
Postprandial platelet-poor plasma 5-hyroxytryptamine concentrations during diarrhea and constipation periods of anternating ...
... exposure to blue-enriched light during the post-lunch dip period significantly reduced the EEG alpha activity, and increased ... Postprandial somnolence (colloquially known as the itis, food coma, after dinner dip, or postprandial sleep) is a normal state ... Postprandial somnolence has two components: a general state of low energy related to activation of the parasympathetic nervous ... Alkaline tide Food drunk Glycemic index, a measure of how fast blood sugar levels rise Postprandial dip Keys, Jazz (29 March ...
... that PPG might be simply a marker or a surrogate of a complex series of metabolic events occurring in the postprandial period, ... OGTT Postprandial dip Oxyhyperglycemia Association, American Diabetes (2001-04-01). "Postprandial Blood Glucose". Diabetes Care ... A postprandial glucose (PPG) test is a blood glucose test that determines the amount of glucose, in the plasma after a meal. ... Reference works have recommended a peak postprandial glucose level of 140 mg/dl for any adult below 50 years of age; whilst ...
... is a willing abstinence or reduction from some or all food, drink, or both, for a period of time. An absolute fast or ... in contrast to the postprandial state of ongoing digestion. ... The period from the Nativity of the Lord until (but not ... In some specific periods of time (like Caturmasya, Ekadashi fasting… ) it is said that one who fasts on these days and properly ... During fast periods, Holy Liturgy (Mass) is held at noon (except on Saturdays and Sundays), and because no food can be consumed ...
Hypoglycemia due to endogenous insulin can be congenital or acquired, apparent in the newborn period, or many years later. The ... also see idiopathic postprandial syndrome) Gastric dumping syndrome Drug induced hyperinsulinism Sulfonylurea Aspirin ...
These insulin analogues are used to replace the basal level of insulin, and may be effective over a period of up to 24 hours. ... This allowed larger amounts of active monomeric insulin to be available for postprandial (after meal) injections. Novo Nordisk ... and those that are released slowly over a period of between 8 and 24 hours, intended to supply the basal level of insulin ...
Development here began in the 1870s and virtually ended in the 1920s, leaving York Harbor a microcosm of period resort ... Post-prandial entertainments included chamber music by a Boston Symphony ensemble in the lobby, or Saturday dancing and costume ...
During the period before his return to Weimar, Bach had composed a set of 31 chorale preludes: these were discovered ... The same melody was used in the postprandial grace Herr Gott, nun sei gepreiset, the first verse of which is given below with ... Only a few other organ works based on chorales can be dated with any certainty to this period. These include the chorale ... The hymn was performed throughout the Christmas period, particularly during nativity plays. Many composers set it to music for ...
Many types of glucose tests exist and they can be used to estimate blood sugar levels at a given time or, over a longer period ... continuous testing postprandial glucose test (PC): 2 hours after eating random glucose test Some laboratory tests don't measure ... Fasting blood sugar test, for example, requires 10-16 hour-long period of not eating before the test. Blood sugar levels can be ...
Horton, T.J., & Geissler, C.A. (1996). Post-prandial thermogenesis with ephedrine, caffeine and aspirin in lean, pre-disposed ... particularly if the supplement is used for a longer period of time. There are many conditions in which DHEA use has special ... particularly if used at high-recommended or higher-than-recommended doses and/or for prolonged periods. The Dexatrim product ...
This period also saw the launch of Castellum, an annual journal of the Castle Society, created to keep former students in touch ... Although the origin of the grace is officially unknown, an almost identical version was in use at the time as a post-prandial ... During this period there was rapid change in the size and structure of the college, which expanded to over 300 undergraduates ... Although it had been in use before this period, the college arms were officially granted by the College of Arms on 29 May 1912 ...
This is what causes muscles to work which can require a breakdown, and also to build in the rest period, which occurs during ... postprandial thermogenesis). All of these processes require an intake of oxygen along with coenzymes to provide energy for ...
Basal insulin requirements will vary between individuals and periods of the day. The basal rate for a particular time period is ... The super bolus is useful for certain foods (like sugary breakfast cereals) which cause a large post-prandial peak of blood ... Neither food nor bolus insulin must be taken for 4 hours before or during the evaluation period. If the blood sugar level ... The process is repeated over several days, varying the fasting period, until a 24-hour basal profile has been built up which ...
If blood glucose values rise over 180 mg/dL for any period of time, the kidney cannot re-absorb all glucose back into the blood ... Dungan KM, Buse JB, Largay J, Kelly MM, Button EA, Wittlin S (2006). "1,5-anhydroglucitol and postprandial hyperglycemia as ... for postprandial hyperglycemia was able to differentiate two patients who had similar, near goal, hemoglobin A1c values, yet ...
The period after orgasm (known as a refractory period) is often a time of increased relaxation, attributed to the release of ... Caffeine-induced sleep disorder Hypnotic induction Postprandial dip Postprandial somnolence Seymour Diamond; Donald J. Dalessio ... is practiced to lengthen periods of sleep, increase the effectiveness of sleep, and to reduce or prevent insomnia. Dim or dark ...
Often, there are raised glucose levels in the early measurements, reflecting the loss of a postprandial peak (after the meal) ... Prior to beginning the hyperinsulinemic period, a 3h tracer infusion enables one to determine the basal rate of glucose ... If compensatory insulin secretion fails, then either fasting (impaired fasting glucose) or postprandial (impaired glucose ... that is a result of an overshoot in insulin production after the failure of the physiologic postprandial insulin response.[ ...
This is what causes muscles to work which can require a breakdown, and also to build in the rest period, which occurs during ... Postprandial thermogenesis increases in basal metabolic rate occur at different degrees depending on consumed food composition. ... postprandial thermogenesis).[17] All of these processes require an intake of oxygen along with coenzymes to provide energy for ...
Because CGM would overcome the episodic nature of SMBG, overnight glucose values, postprandial values and glucose levels during ... Continuous Glucose Monitoring in the Subcutaneous Tissue over a 14-Day Sensor Wear Period Diabetes. Sci Technol. Sep 2013; 7(5 ... variability and stability while simultaneously identifying periods of significant hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia. In February ...
If there is no hypoglycemia at the time of the symptoms, this condition is called idiopathic postprandial syndrome. It might be ... sugar intake as the biology of a crash is similar in itself to the body's response to low blood sugar levels following periods ... "Postprandial Hypoglycemia". Retrieved 29 November 2011. Açbay O, Celik AF, Kadioğlu P, Göksel S, Gündoğdu S (1999). " ... Reactive hypoglycemia, postprandial hypoglycemia, or sugar crash is a term describing recurrent episodes of symptomatic ...
The thermic effect of food should be measured for a period of time greater than or equal to five hours. The American Journal of ... "Independent effects of obesity and insulin resistance on postprandial thermogenesis in men". Journal of Clinical Investigation ...
This will be acted on slowly by pancreatic amylase and glucose will be absorbed over a 6-hour period. The overall frequency of ... Feeding characteristically results in postprandial hyperglycemia and glucosuria, in addition to increased blood lactate levels ... In children, this event may occur during acute GI illness or periods of poor enteral intake. Mild hypoglycemic episodes may be ... postprandial, short fast, long fast, or precipitating factors; (3) the presence or absence of lactic acidosis; (4) any ...
Similarly, in mice, a postprandial increase in hepatic leptin expression has also been reported. However, in grass carp, ... and therefore can withstand longer periods of starvation. A similar study on grass carp showed that chronic injection of ...
Cognitive problems Dementia increases the likelihood of falls Cardiovascular causes Orthostatic hypotension Postprandial ... Disuse atrophy and muscle wasting from reduced physical activity during recovery periods Due to bed rest Pneumonia Pressure ...
"Intranasal insulin enhances postprandial thermogenesis and lowers postprandial serum insulin levels in healthy men". Diabetes. ... This can cause injection amyloidosis, and prevents the storage of insulin for long periods. Insulin is produced in the pancreas ... Postprandial levels inhibit autophagy completely. Increased amino acid uptake - forces cells to absorb circulating amino acids ... but oscillates with a period of 3-6 minutes, changing from generating a blood insulin concentration more than about 800 p mol/l ...
In 1916, Elliot Joslin proposed that in people with diabetes, periods of fasting are helpful.[130] Subsequent research has ...
... an analysis of 5281 suicides in Sweden during the period 1992-1994". Acta Psychiatr Scand. 96 (2): 94-100. doi:10.1111/j.1600- ... postprandial administration (taken after meals) of moclobemide is recommended.[8] The combined use of moclobemide and ... progressively show improved sleep over a 4-week period, with an increase in stage 2 non-rapid eye movement (NREM) sleep and ...
However, studies began emerging in the mid-to-late-2000s which evaluate low-carbohydrate diets over much longer periods, ... "Dietary Fructose Reduces Circulating Insulin and Leptin, Attenuates Postprandial Suppression of Ghrelin, and Increases ... and that after the initial period, low-carbohydrate diets produce similar fat loss to other diets with similar caloric intake.[ ...
... over a period of at least six months.[14] ... Postprandial glucose test. *Fructosamine. *Glucose test. *C- ...
This level of control over a prolonged period of time can be varied by a target HbA1c level of less than 7.5%.[5] ... Symptoms typically develop over a short period of time.[1] ... Postprandial glucose test. *Fructosamine. *Glucose test. *C- ...
... is a group of metabolic disorders in which there are high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period.[7] Symptoms of high blood ...
Adding viscous polysaccharides to carbohydrate meals can reduce post-prandial blood glucose concentrations. Wheat and maize but ... The amount of feces egested a day varies for any one individual over a period of time. ... less likely to die over this period.[82] In addition to lower risk of death from heart disease, adequate consumption of fiber- ... "Prior short-term consumption of resistant starch enhances postprandial insulin sensitivity in healthy subjects" (PDF) ...
Since these new RBCs will have only existed for a short period of time, their presence will lead HbA1c to underestimate the ... GlycoMark reflects only the times that the person experiences hyperglycemia above 180 mg/dL over a two-week period. ...
Idiopathic postprandial syndrome without demonstrably low glucose levels at the time of symptoms can be more of a management ... Throughout a 24‑hour period, blood plasma glucose levels are generally maintained between 4 and 8 mmol/l (72 and 144 mg/dl).[17 ... in the postprandial state.[23] Whole blood glucose levels (e.g., by fingerprick glucose meters), though, are about 10-15% lower ... is sometimes incorrectly used to refer to idiopathic postprandial syndrome, a controversial condition with similar symptoms ...
The longer fermentation period allows for the accumulation of a nontoxic slime composed of acetic acid bacteria. ... "Vinegar reduces postprandial hyperglycaemia in patients with type II diabetes when added to a high, but not to a low, glycaemic ... "Vinegar consumption can attenuate postprandial glucose and insulin responses; a systematic review and meta-analysis of ...
Endosperm and whole grain rye breads are characterized by low post-prandial insulin response and a beneficial blood glucose ... Timelapse of a fresh rye sourdough culture rising over a 10-hour period at roughly 25.5 °C (78 °F) ... baked for long periods at low temperature in a covered tin. Rye and wheat flours are often used to produce a rye bread with a ...
... the effect size is smaller over longer periods.[3][5] Low-carb dieters' initial advantage in weight loss is likely a result of ... "Dietary Fructose Reduces Circulating Insulin and Leptin, Attenuates Postprandial Suppression of Ghrelin, and Increases ... increased water loss, and that after the initial period, low-carbohydrate diets produce similar fat loss to other diets with ...
Often, there are raised glucose levels in the early measurements, reflecting the loss of a postprandial peak (after the meal) ... even over a period of several months, appears to be ineffective,[39][40] and it must be combined with physical exercise to have ... If compensatory insulin secretion fails, then either fasting (impaired fasting glucose) or postprandial (impaired glucose ... that is a result of an overshoot in insulin production after the failure of the physiologic postprandial insulin response.[ ...
ISBN 978-0-8247-9352-4. Stamataki NS, Yanni AE, Karathanos VT (2017). "Bread making technology influences postprandial glucose ... the length of the fermentation periods, ambient temperature, humidity, and elevation, all of which contribute to the ...
... low HDL cholesterol was associated with poor memory and decreasing levels over a five-year follow-up period were associated ... "Moderate doses of alcoholic beverages with dinner and postprandial high density lipoprotein composition". Alcohol and ...
Endosperm and whole grain rye breads are characterized by low post-prandial insulin response and a beneficial blood glucose ... baked for long periods at a low temperature in a covered tin. Rye and wheat flours are often used to produce a rye bread with a ...
In this postprandial or "fed" state, the liver takes in more glucose from the blood than it releases. After a meal has been ... where almost all of the athlete's glycogen stores are depleted after long periods of exertion without sufficient carbohydrate ...
... is an excellent humectant and retains moisture for a long period of time even at low relative humidity (RH). Therefore ... "Scientific Opinion on the substantiation of health claims related to fructose and reduction of post-prandial glycaemic ... may be preferable over sucrose and glucose in sugar-sweetened foods and beverages because of its lower effect on postprandial ...
there was postprandial reduction on the plasma concentration of IL-6 and IkBα preservation, followed by the lower activation of ... The therapy often lasts for one to two weeks, and is rarely indicated for longer periods. After fever and pain have subsided, ... In acute poisoning, a single large dose is taken; in chronic poisoning, higher than normal doses are taken over a period of ...
Postprandial Period Research Support, Non-U.S. Govt Risk Risk factors alpha-Glucosidases - antagonists & inhibitors Abstract. ... Postprandial Period Single-Blind Method Spices - adverse effects Thermogenesis Young Adult Abstract. Chilli peppers have been ... Postprandial Period - physiology Ribes Secale cereale Single-Blind Method Starch - administration & dosage Triticum Vaccinium ... Postprandial Period Predictive value of tests Proinsulin - blood Research Support, Non-U.S. Govt Risk factors Sweden - ...
Home / Specialties / Gastroenterology / Glucagon-like peptide 1 increases the period of postprandial satiety and slows gastric ... Glucagon-like peptide 1 increases the period of postprandial satiety and slows gastric emptying in obese men. Dec 21, 2011 ...
Subcutaneous glucagon-like peptide-1 improves postprandial glycaemic control over a 3-week period in patients with early Type 2 ... The plasma glucagon levels were significantly lower over the 240-min postprandial period with GLP-1 treatment. The beneficial ... Subcutaneous glucagon-like peptide-1 improves postprandial glycaemic control over a 3-week period in patients with early Type 2 ... One of the initial abnormalities of Type 2 diabetes is the loss of the first-phase insulin response, leading to postprandial ...
Here, we studied a cohort of older men in the absence and presence of a "late" postprandial period leucine top-up. As expected ... By our demonstrating identical MPS responses to feeding with and without a leucine top-up in the late postprandial period, the ... However, late in the postprandial period they diverged (FED + LEU PCr 40% versus FED, P=0.007, effect size 2.0). Muscle ... Human skeletal muscle is refractory to the anabolic effects of leucine during the postprandial muscle-full period in older men ...
Brain insulin may act as a satiety signal during the postprandial period and is associated with decreased appetite and reduced ... Insulin Acts As Satiety Signal in Postprandial Period. February 22, 2012 , Permalink ...
Additional Insulin is Required in Both the Early and Late Postprandial Periods for Meals High in Protein and Fat: A Randomised ... A modified insulin clamp technique was used to determine insulin requirements to maintain postprandial euglycaemia for five ...
Postprandial exercise has been shown to effectively attenuate PPL. However, little is known about the impact of postprandial ... who remained sedentary during the postprandial period or an exercise (EX) group who walked at 60 % VO2peak to expend ≈ 5 kcal/ ... moderate intensity exercise in the postprandial period did not mitigate the PPL nor the inflammatory response to the HFM. These ... but were not associated with changes in any other inflammatory marker in the postprandial period (p > 0.05). Despite ...
The effect of moderate intensity exercise in the postprandial period on the inflammatory response to a high-fat meal: an ... The effect of moderate intensity exercise in the postprandial period on the inflammatory response to a high-fat meal: an ... Postprandial exercise has been shown to effectively attenuate PPL. However, little is known about the impact of postprandial ... The effect of moderate intensity exercise in the postprandial period on the inflammatory response to a high-fat meal: an ...
Period Title: Overall Study Started 77 [1] 71 Safety Population 77 [2] 71 ... Effects of Lixisenatide Compared to Liraglutide on the Postprandial Plasma Glucose in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes. The safety ... Change From Baseline in Postprandial Plasma Glucose (PPG) Excursion at Day 28 ...
Results: After the HFM during the run-in period, TG and OxLDL were lower after Str than Pbo (p = 0.005, p = 0.01, and p = ... After a 10-day run-in period, subjects consumed either an active strawberry beverage (Str; containing 10 g freeze-dried fruit) ... Objectives: This study was designed to test the ability of strawberry phenolic compounds to mitigate the postprandial effects ... Strawberry modulates LDL oxidation and postprandial lipemia in response to high-fat meal in overweight hyperlipidemic men and ...
The data suggests that postprandial insulin and GIP response … ... Our study confirmed previous findings of a reduced postprandial ... The role of postprandial releases of insulin and incretin hormones in meal-induced satiety--effect of obesity and weight ... Conclusion: Our study confirmed previous findings of a reduced postprandial GLP-1 response in severely obese subjects. ... The data suggests that postprandial insulin and GIP responses are key players in short-term appetite regulation. ...
... even very recent studies assessing postprandial blood pressure (BP) have not taken into account the possibil ... Postprandial Period. Supine Position*. Systole. Time Factors. From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of ... HR changes during those periods when the subjects lay down within 2 hours after the meal and BP/HR changes during those periods ... We addressed this issue by analysing diurnal BP profiles together with subjects reports on supine rest periods and meal ...
What are the effects of alcohol on postprandial metabolism in untrained and trained individuals? METHODS: The postprandial ... Different factors such as exercise habits and alcohol consumption may modulate postprandial lipid metabolism. ... The postprandial lipemia was observed for an eight-hour period. RESULTS: Alcohol led to an increase to the triacylglycerol area ... What are the effects of alcohol on postprandial metabolism in untrained and trained individuals? METHODS: The postprandial ...
Crossover Study to Evaluate the Effects of Ezetimibe on the Postprandial Lipoprotein Response in Patients With Primary ... A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, 2-Period, Crossover Study to Evaluate the Effects of Ezetimibe on the ... A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, 2-Period, ... Postprandial Lipoprotein Response in Patients With Primary ...
On each of 2 days prior to the last day of each treatment period, participants consumed 2 large eggs in the evening. On the ... On each of 2 days prior to the last day of each treatment period, participants consumed 2 large eggs in the evening. On the ... The milkshake was consumed over a 15-minute period. Plasma samples were collected immediately prior to consumption of the test ... The milkshake was consumed over a 15-minute period. Plasma samples were collected immediately prior to consumption of the test ...
Third, the observation period was relatively short. An appropriate observation period should include the term during which the ... A day was defined as a 24-hour period starting from 4:00 AM on one day and ending at 4:00 AM on the following day. Fasting ... Postprandial hyperglycemia has been reported to be a risk factor for cardiovascular events in non-diabetic patients (Tominaga ... MacLeod, S.F., Terada, T., Chahal, B.S. & Boule, N.G. (2013) Exercise lowers postprandial glucose but not fasting glucose in ...
Plan to rest during the two-hour waiting period, because exercise can cause blood sugar levels to rise. You may not have to ... Two-Hour Postprandial Glucose. Does this test have other names?. Glucose, postprandial; glucose, two-hour postprandial; two- ... Normal results for the two-hour postprandial test based on age are:. * For those who do not have diabetes: less than 140 mg/dL ... hour PPG; two-hour postprandial blood sugar. What is this test?. This is a blood test to check for diabetes. If you have ...
Endothelial function was assessed via brachial artery flow-mediated dilation (FMD). Postprandial FMD was not significantly ... Addition of high-fiber cereal to the high-fat meal also reduced 4 h postprandial triglyceride increases by ~50% (p = 0.056). A ... our findings indicate the potential importance of cereal fiber in blunting the inverse relationship between postprandial ... high-fiber breakfast cereal did not attenuate postprandial glucose and insulin responses after consumption of a low-fat meal. ...
No evidence was present for material sequence or period effects. Therefore, data for the two treatment sequences were pooled. ... High-Viscosity Hydroxypropylmethylcellulose Blunts Postprandial Glucose and Insulin Responses. Kevin C. Maki, Michael L. Carson ... High-Viscosity Hydroxypropylmethylcellulose Blunts Postprandial Glucose and Insulin Responses. Kevin C. Maki, Michael L. Carson ... These agents reduce postprandial glucose and insulin levels (7). A Cochrane Review of five trials (2,360 participants) ...
adj of or relating to the period immediately... ... Following a meal, especially dinner: took a postprandial walk ... postprandial synonyms, postprandial pronunciation, postprandial translation, English dictionary definition of postprandial. adj ... Related to postprandial: postprandial hypotension, Postprandial Glucose. post·pran·di·al. (pōst-prăn′dē-əl). adj.. Following a ... postprandial. (pəʊstˈprændɪəl) adj. of or relating to the period immediately after lunch or dinner: a postprandial nap. ...
In the preprandial period, we defined normoglycemia as 3.9-5.6 mmol/L, and in the postprandial period as 5.6-7.8 mmol/L. CGM ... once followed by a period of inactivity and twice followed by a period of PA equivalent to activities of daily living. ... walked during a 24-h period. The distribution of active and nonactive time during each 24-h period varied depending upon ... Use of a novel triple-tracer approach to assess postprandial glucose metabolism. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 2003;284:E55-E69 ...
The next three-to-four week period of therapy was evaluated by glycated hemoglobin before and after the intervention (Phase Two ... Joint Application of Human Insulin and Rapid Insulin Analogue in Control of Postprandial Glycemia (CPIT). The safety and ... Optimizing postprandial glycemia in pediatric patients with type 1 diabetes using insulin pump therapy: impact of glycemic ... Postprandial glycemic control is essential for diabetes compensation. Insulin pump therapy control blood glucose released in ...
All FH subjects are on standard statin treatment during study period. Other Name: Statin ... Postprandial Lipid Metabolism in Familial Hypercholesterolaemia:Effects of Fish Oils (FIFH). The safety and scientific validity ... on postprandial hypertriglyceridaemia and post-prandial arterial function when administrated to FH patients at increased risk ... Postprandial changes in triglyceride-rich lipoprotein concentrations [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]. Incremental area-under-the-curve ...
The acute TEA significantly increased the vagal activity in the 30 min postprandial period in patients with FD assessed by the ... It should be noted that in this study the EGG in the postprandial state was recorded after the maximum ingestion of a nutrient ... C.-L. Lu, X. Zou, W. C. Orr, and J. D. Z. Chen, "Postprandial changes of sympathovagal balance measured by heart rate ... X. Lin, D. Levanon, and J. D. Z. Chen, "Impaired postprandial gastric slow waves in patients with functional dyspepsia," ...
The time period before the development of symptomatic diabetes. For example, certain risk factors can be observed in subjects ... A Study of Postprandial Hyperglycemia in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes. 2014-08-27 03:12:18 , BioPortfolio ... More From BioPortfolio on "A Study of Postprandial Hyperglycemia in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes". *Related Companies*Related ... Home » Topics » Cardiovascular disease (CVD) » Research » A Study of Postprandial Hyperglycemia in Patients With Type 2 ...
3 periods of 2 weeks. Post-prandial. No change in BP or FMD. ... Postprandial insulin (p , 0.05). ↓ Protein damage. Banini et al ... After a run-in period, all received either red wine (30 g alcohol/day), the equivalent amount of dealcoholized red wine, and ... 122] showed a significant reduction (p , 0.05) in postprandial insulin and fasting glucose levels compared with the baseline in ... Nevertheless, larger and better designed studies are required before any recommendations of intake quantity, period, and type ...
Preferential uptake of dietary Fatty acids in adipose tissue and muscle in the postprandial period. ... "In this study, the most striking findings were the postprandial uptake of fatty acids from the circulating NEFA pool by adipose ... and the postprandial release of fatty acids across the forearm.". So it looks like it is bad news to combine meals that are ...
There was no difference in postprandial EE or carbohydrate oxidation between the CHO and PRO groups over the 4 h period; ... and blood glucose were measured over a 4 h period. Four hour postprandial participants were provided with access to a lunch ... After breakfast, OW children in the PRO group had higher (P , 0.0001) EEs and fat oxidation over the 4 h period than did the NW ... A PRO increases postprandial EE and fat oxidation, reduces hunger, and increases satiety when compared with a carbohydrate- ...
Two to five synchronous oscillations, with a mean period of 51 to 112 min were detected. The oscillations were highest after ... Postprandial oscillations of plasma glucose, insulin and C-peptide in man.. Simon C1, Follenius M, Brandenberger G. ... Postprandial plasma glucose, insulin and C-peptide profiles were studied in eight normal subjects, in the afternoon or in the ... Additional short-term oscillations, with periods of 20-30 min and 9-14 min, were observed. Cross-correlation studies of glucose ...
Background: Exaggerated elevation of TAG in the postprandial period represents.... Read More ... Effects of fructose consumption on postprandial TAG: an.... Br J Nutr. 2018 Aug; 120(4):364-372. doi: 10.1017/S0007114518001538 ... of fructose consumption on postprandial TAG, in adolescents and adults. ...
  • A standard test meal was given at the beginning and end of each treatment period. (portlandpress.com)
  • Consuming a high-fat meal (HFM) may lead to postprandial lipemia (PPL) and inflammation. (biomedcentral.com)
  • This study was designed to test the ability of strawberry phenolic compounds to mitigate the postprandial effects of a high-fat meal on OxLDL as well as investigate the effects of phenolic compounds on lipid metabolism. (nih.gov)
  • BACKGROUND: Although body position is known to be an important factor influencing the results of ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM), even very recent studies assessing postprandial blood pressure (BP) have not taken into account the possibility that the examined subjects were lying down after a meal. (biomedsearch.com)
  • We addressed this issue by analysing diurnal BP profiles together with subject's reports on supine rest periods and meal consumption during ABPM. (biomedsearch.com)
  • There were no significant differences between BP/HR changes during those periods when the subjects lay down within 2 hours after the meal and BP/HR changes during those periods when supine rest was not preceded by a meal. (biomedsearch.com)
  • CONCLUSION: The ingestion of a high fat meal in combination with alcohol leads to an increased in the postprandial lipemia independently from the level of training. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Total Cholesterol Concentration of Chylomicron (Sf≥400) Fractions After a Cholesterol-Rich Test Meal [ Time Frame: Immediately prior to consumption of the test meal (baseline) and at 2, 3, 4, and 6 hours after test meal on Day 28 of each treatment period. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Postprandial FMD was not significantly changed after any meal. (mdpi.com)
  • Addition of high-fiber cereal to the high-fat meal also reduced 4 h postprandial triglyceride increases by ~50% ( p = 0.056). (mdpi.com)
  • A high-fiber breakfast cereal did not attenuate postprandial glucose and insulin responses after consumption of a low-fat meal. (mdpi.com)
  • While further work is needed to confirm these results in larger cohorts, our findings indicate the potential importance of cereal fiber in blunting the inverse relationship between postprandial hypertriglyceridemia and FMD after consumption of a high-fat meal in adolescents. (mdpi.com)
  • The difference in postprandial areas under the curve when comparing conventional therapy and experimental combined prandial insulin therapy in the 5 to 6 hours following meal ingestion, taking into account the glycemic index profile of the meal. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Iterative searches of MEDLINE using the search terms "exercise timing," "post meal exercise," "pre meal exercise," "postprandial exercise," "preprandial exercise," "post-absorptive exercise," and "HIT exercise. (hindawi.com)
  • When your blood pressure drops after you eat a meal, the condition is known as postprandial hypotension. (healthline.com)
  • Postprandial is a medical term that refers to the time period right after a meal. (healthline.com)
  • The main symptoms of postprandial hypotension are dizziness, lightheadedness, or fainting after a meal. (healthline.com)
  • While studies have shown that higher protein intake or increased meal frequency may benefit postprandial metabolism, their combined effect has rarely been investigated using composite mixed meals. (biomedcentral.com)
  • We therefore examined the combined effects of increasing meal frequency (2-large vs 6-smaller meals), with high or low-protein (40 % vs 10 % energy from protein respectively) isocaloric mixed meals on a range of postprandial CMD risk markers. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The consumption of composite meals with higher protein content, irrespective of meal frequency appears to be beneficial for postprandial glycemic and insulinemic responses in young, healthy Chinese males. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Therefore alterations in meal composition and patterns are warranted in order to improve postprandial metabolism amongst Asians. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Postprandial glucose (PPG) levels - meaning 'sugar after the meal' - give you and your care team more important information about how the body is able to manage glucose after a meal,' explains endocrinologist Pratima Kumar, MD , an assistant professor of endocrinology at the University of Texas at Austin. (everydayhealth.com)
  • Postprandial lipemia is a normal physiological phenomenon that usually lasts from 6 to 8 hours after ingestion of a fatty meal. (isciii.es)
  • However, postprandial hypertriglyceridemia (PHTGL) is an exaggerated magnitude and duration of triglyceride (TGL) response after a fatty meal, which results in the accumulation of TGL and their remnants in the circulation. (isciii.es)
  • Supplemental walnuts reverse the postprandial endothelial dysfunction associated with consumption of a fatty meal. (onlinejacc.org)
  • Objectives We sought to investigate whether the addition of walnuts or olive oil to a fatty meal have differential effects on postprandial vasoactivity, lipoproteins, markers of oxidation and endothelial activation, and plasma asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA). (onlinejacc.org)
  • Results In both study groups, flow-mediated dilation (FMD) was worse after the olive oil meal than after the walnut meal (p = 0.006, time-period interaction). (onlinejacc.org)
  • We investigated the postprandial response of lipid markers to a high-fat meal (HFM) with two different beverages in apparently healthy normal-weight and overweight/obese women. (scielo.br)
  • Postprandial lipemia (PPL) refers to the dynamic changes in serum lipids and lipoproteins that occur after a fat load or meal. (scielo.br)
  • Mean (± SE) baseline and postprandial metabolic rate (kcal/min) among overweight, normal weight, and underweight subjects before and following consumption of a high protein, high fat (HPHF) meal. (nih.gov)
  • A postprandial glucose (PPG) test is a blood glucose test that determines the amount of glucose, in the plasma after a meal. (wikipedia.org)
  • Postprandial somnolence (colloquially known as the itis, food coma, after dinner dip, or postprandial sleep) is a normal state of drowsiness or lassitude following a meal. (wikipedia.org)
  • These spikes usually occur in the post-prandial period, or the period after your meal. (livestrong.com)
  • In general, to cover after-meal spikes, those that kick in quickly and for a short time are a better choice than ones that work slowly over a long period. (webmd.com)
  • We hypothesized that a meal rich in n-3 (ω3) fatty acids would reduce endotoxemia and associated inflammation but a saturated or n-6 (ω6) fatty acid-rich meal would increase postprandial serum endotoxin concentrations and systemic inflammation in healthy adults. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • Primary outcome was defined as the effect of treatment meal on postprandial endotoxemia. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • There was no treatment meal effect on participant postprandial serum biomarkers of inflammation. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • Postprandial serum triacylglycerols were significantly elevated following the n-6 meal compared to the n-3 meal. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • Meal fatty acid composition modulates postprandial serum endotoxin concentration in healthy adults. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • The respiratory quotient was measured 2-4 hours after a meal during each metabolic period for the calculation of total energy expenditure by the doubly labeled water method. (wiley.com)
  • Postprandial means after a meal, and this test is administered following an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). (dlife.com)
  • Postprandial protein synthesis was stimulated by 68% with the WP meal and to a lesser extent (+31%) with the CAS meal. (pnas.org)
  • Although the impact of meal fatty acids on the magnitude and duration of the postprandial lipaemic response has been extensively studied, very little is known about their impact on vascular reactivity after a meal. (portlandpress.com)
  • Subjects wore a continuous glucose monitor (CGM) and venous blood samples were obtained at baseline and at regular intervals for 8.5 h to monitor postprandial changes in glucose, insulin, triglycerides and high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP). (biomedcentral.com)
  • Orlistat induces weight loss by blocking hydrolysis of triglyceride in the intestine, and has thereby been associated with favorable changes in postprandial triglycerides (ppTGL). (isciii.es)
  • Postprandial triglycerides. (isciii.es)
  • In the present study, we determined the postprandial response to a high-fat milkshake with regards to blood triglycerides (TAG), biomarkers of oxidative stress, and hemodynamic variables before and following a 21-day Daniel Fast. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Macromineral enrichment of refined carbohydrates may have a promising role in lowering postprandial glucose and triglycerides, and thus decrease their negative health consequences. (who.int)
  • In conclusion, consumption of low-carbohydrate/high-fat diet appears to cause higher postprandial blood glucose on subsequent normal-carbohydrate diet particularly after breakfast and dinner in healthy adults. (go.jp)
  • The attenuation of post-prandial immediate rise in blood glucose in T2DM patients currently on metformin and/or sulfonylureas, a key determinant in blood sugar management in everyone both diabetic and non-diabetic, as measured by the Continuous Glucose Monitor Abbott Freestyle Libre Pro, the patented, investigational compound demonstrated in previous studies the effect on postprandial glucose reduction. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • PBH is a chronic condition occurring in post-bariatric surgical patients leading to dangerously low, postprandial blood glucose levels. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Changes in postprandial levels of blood glucose in rat models (normal and diabetic) were examined after starch load with or without chloroform fraction. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Epidemiological studies report that elevated postprandial blood glucose is an independent predictor for developing metabolic complications such as cardiovascular disease, type II diabetes mellitus, and obesity (Bonora et al. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • A team of scientists found that milk consumed with breakfast cereal reduced postprandial blood glucose concentration compared with water, and high dairy protein concentration reduced postprandial blood glucose concentration compared with normal dairy protein concentration. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Energy expenditure (EE), substrate oxidation, appetite, and blood glucose were measured over a 4 h period. (nih.gov)
  • The impact of the timing of Humalog Mix25 injections on blood glucose fluctuations in the postprandial period in elderly patients with type 2 diabetes. (medscimonit.com)
  • Blood glucose levels vary at different times throughout the day over a period of weeks," Kumar says. (everydayhealth.com)
  • This study was conducted to determine the correlation between glucose monitoring by fasting blood glucose or two hours postprandial blood glucose with glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) in type 2 diabetic patients. (nepjol.info)
  • Both postprandial blood glucose and fasting blood glucose significantly correlated with HbA1c. (nepjol.info)
  • These results show that postprandial blood glucose correlated better than fasting blood glucose to HbA1c. (nepjol.info)
  • Thus, postprandial blood glucose predicted overall glycemic control better than fasting blood glucose. (nepjol.info)
  • it though notes that postprandial hyperglycemia does contribute to elevated glycated hemoglobin levels (a primary factor behind diabetes) and recommends testing and management of PPG levels for those patients who maintain optimum pre-prandial blood glucose levels but have high A1C values. (wikipedia.org)
  • The carbohydrates you eat are rapidly converted to sugar and can make your blood glucose levels peak in as little as one to two hours, although they can also stay elevated for a longer period of time. (livestrong.com)
  • It's called "postprandial" blood glucose, and if you take some simple steps, you can get it under control and help avoid health problems. (webmd.com)
  • Aerobic exercise has been shown to effectively reduce lipemia in both the fasted and postprandial states, and to have both acute [ 8 ] and chronic [ 9 ] anti-inflammatory properties. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Effect of alcohol on postprandial lipemia with and without preprandial exercise. (biomedsearch.com)
  • The postprandial lipemia was observed for an eight-hour period. (biomedsearch.com)
  • In conclusion, ω-3 fatty acids given in addition to simvastatin to patients with combined hyperlipemia reduced the free tissue factor pathway inhibitor fraction in the fasting state and inhibited the activation of factor VII occurring during postprandial lipemia, thus representing a potential beneficial effect on the hemostatic risk profile in this patient group. (ahajournals.org)
  • In apparently healthy overweight/obese women compared with normal-weight ones, the concomitant intake of orange juice with a HFM prolonged postprandial lipemia but had no effect on postprandial complement C3 concentrations. (scielo.br)
  • OBJECTIVE: Different factors such as exercise habits and alcohol consumption may modulate postprandial lipid metabolism. (biomedsearch.com)
  • What are the effects of alcohol on postprandial metabolism in untrained and trained individuals? (biomedsearch.com)
  • The objective of this study was to determine whether consumption of a protein-based breakfast (PRO) increases postprandial energy metabolism and substrate oxidation, reduces hunger, and reduces food intake at lunch compared with a carbohydrate-based breakfast (CHO) in normal weight (NW) vs. overweight/obese (OW) children. (nih.gov)
  • Postprandial Energy Metabolism in the Regulation of Body Weight: Is there a Mechanistic Role for Dietary Calcium? (mdpi.com)
  • This review focuses on postprandial energy metabolism and indicates that dietary calcium increases whole body fat oxidation after single and multiple meals. (mdpi.com)
  • The atherogenic lipoprotein phenotype is strongly linked to obesity, insulin resistance, familial combined hyperlipidemia (FCHL), hypertension, and abnormalities in postprandial lipid metabolism. (ahajournals.org)
  • Therefore, several authors 7- 9 have described fat load tests to evaluate postprandial lipid metabolism. (bmj.com)
  • therefore, we are in a dynamic state of continuous changes in postprandial lipid and lipoprotein metabolism. (isciii.es)
  • Yet, this postprandial rise in metabolism appears to vary among individuals. (nih.gov)
  • By analogy with carbohydrate metabolism, slow and fast proteins modulate the postprandial metabolic response, a concept to be applied to wasting situations. (pnas.org)
  • Macrominerals including P, Mg and K, are reduced by about 69%, 74% and 84%, respectively (3), and are known to improve postprandial glucose and insulin metabolism (4,5). (who.int)
  • Thus, low availability of the above-mentioned macrominerals would be expected to delay postprandial cellular uptake of glucose, impair phosphorylation, and eventually hinder carbohydrate metabolism and energy production (10). (who.int)
  • Thirty-nine young adults (18-40 year) with no known metabolic disease were randomized to either a control group (CON) who remained sedentary during the postprandial period or an exercise (EX) group who walked at 60 % VO 2peak to expend ≈ 5 kcal/kgbw one-hour following the HFM. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Methods: Thirty-nine young adults (18-40 year) with no known metabolic disease were randomized to either a control group (CON) who remained sedentary during the postprandial period or an exercise (EX) group who walked at 60 % VO2peak to expend approximate to 5 kcal/kgbw one-hour following the HFM. (k-state.edu)
  • Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery induces weight loss and improves metabolic abnormalities in severely obese patients ( 1 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Moreover, complement C3 has been positively associated with obesity, insulin resistance, metabolic syndrome features, and fasting and postprandial TG ( 4 ). (scielo.br)
  • We have previously published a review of studies assessing the anti-inflammatory properties of orange juice (OJ), which appears to mediate the plasma levels and gene expression of factors involved in metabolic and inflammatory responses in postprandial and chronic (≥ 7 consecutive days) periods ( 11 ). (scielo.br)
  • During the first reporting period, we focused our studies on the chylomicron metabolic pathways. (europa.eu)
  • However, when metabolic rate was expressed per kg fat free mass (ffm), no significant difference was found in postprandial energy expenditure between the overweight and normal groups. (nih.gov)
  • this had been since challenged on previous grounds and that PPG might be simply a marker or a surrogate of a complex series of metabolic events occurring in the postprandial period, that is already better reflected through other parameters. (wikipedia.org)
  • High-fat diets may contribute to metabolic disease via postprandial changes in serum endotoxin and inflammation. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • Resting and postprandial resting metabolic rate were measured by open circuit indirect calorimetry 2-4 times during each metabolic period. (wiley.com)
  • Levels of total T 3 (TT 3 ), T 3 uptake, free thyroid index and T 4 were measured at the end of each metabolic period. (wiley.com)
  • The beneficial effects of GLP-1 on plasma glucose, insulin and glucagon concentrations were fully maintained for the 3-week treatment period. (portlandpress.com)
  • 12 Despite this evidence, postprandial TG concentrations are often not considered. (bmj.com)
  • This modeling framework could be used in combination with systems pharmacology models to predict the drug-drug interactions and food effects associated with gastric emptying, as well as to link the postprandial changes in plasma bile acid concentrations to the variability in drugs' absorption. (diva-portal.org)
  • Postprandial lipid and lipoprotein concentrations did not significantly differ either. (ahajournals.org)
  • One of the initial abnormalities of Type 2 diabetes is the loss of the first-phase insulin response, leading to postprandial hyperglycaemia. (portlandpress.com)
  • Glucose lowering treatments associated with improved control over PPG levels could have important benefits to people with type 1 and type 2 diabetes since findings suggest that increasing severity in postprandial hyperglycaemic symptoms is perceived as having significant negative impact on HRQOL of individuals with type 1 or type 2 diabetes. (springer.com)
  • In conclusion, orlistat can help to reduce postprandial plasmatic TGL, especially in patients with postprandial hypertriglyceridemia related to obesity, dyslipidemia or type-2 diabetes. (isciii.es)
  • Introduction : The primary objective of this thesis was to study, at fasting and during the postprandial period, cardiovascular risk integrators in subjects representing the continuum from normoglycemia to insulin treated type 2 diabetes. (archives-ouvertes.fr)
  • Despite significant increases in PPL following a HFM, moderate intensity exercise in the postprandial period did not mitigate the PPL nor the inflammatory response to the HFM. (biomedcentral.com)
  • A PRO increases postprandial EE and fat oxidation, reduces hunger, and increases satiety when compared with a carbohydrate-based breakfast. (nih.gov)
  • Old age increases your risk of postprandial hypotension and other forms of low blood pressure. (healthline.com)
  • Increases in postprandial glucose, insulin and lipids have been linked to increased cardiometabolic disease (CMD) risk [ 1 - 3 ], even though the majority of epidemiological and intervention trials have relied on measuring these parameters in the fasted state. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Leptin is required for postprandial increases in body temperature. (jci.org)
  • Postprandial insulin secretion increases already 1 week after RYGB ( 9 , 18 ) and is associated with exaggerated release of glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) ( 19 - 21 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Indeed, PPL has gained interest since recent reports have demonstrated that increases in postprandial TG levels are possibly even stronger independent predictors of cardiovascular diseases than fasting TG ( 3 ). (scielo.br)
  • The consumption of fiber-rich foods may negate the deleterious effects of high-fat meals on postprandial triglyceridemia and endothelial function. (mdpi.com)
  • Several studies have shown that high fat meals can impair endothelial function within 3-4 h, a time period often associated with peak postprandial lipaemia. (portlandpress.com)
  • OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of decreasing postprandial hyperglycemia with acarbose, an alpha-glucosidase inhibitor, on the risk of cardiovascular disease and hypertension in patients with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT). (arctichealth.org)
  • To our knowledge, hyperglycemia in the immediate posttransplantation period has not been studied. (asnjournals.org)
  • however, hyperglycemia is often evident in the immediate postoperative period, before the patient leaves the hospital, and may correlate with the future development of NODAT ( 14 ). (asnjournals.org)
  • Stay alert for hyperglycemia during periods of increased stress. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The diagnosis is typically restricted to postprandial hyperglycemia due to lack of strong evidence of co-relation with a diagnosis of diabetes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Breakfasts Higher in Protein Increase Postprandial Energy Expenditure, Increase Fat Oxidation, and Reduce Hunger in Overweight Children from 8 to 1. (nih.gov)
  • 0.0001) EEs and fat oxidation over the 4 h period than did the NW children in the CHO and PRO groups. (nih.gov)
  • Most importantly, postprandial leucine oxidation was significantly higher after ingestion of whey proteins than after ingestion of casein despite identical leucine intakes. (physiology.org)
  • Postprandial whole body leucine oxidation over 7 h was lower with CAS (272 ± 91 μmol⋅kg −1 ) than with WP (373 ± 56 μmol⋅kg −1 ). (pnas.org)
  • Amino acids are potent modulators of protein synthesis, breakdown, and oxidation, so such different patterns of postprandial amino acidemia might well result in different postprandial protein kinetics and gain. (pnas.org)
  • Our results demonstrate that amino acids derived from CAS are indeed slowly released from the gut and that slow and fast proteins differently modulate postprandial changes of whole body protein synthesis, breakdown, oxidation, and deposition. (pnas.org)
  • Postprandial triglyceride areas obtained after ingestion of a large, standard fat load were also the same. (ahajournals.org)
  • Macromineral enrichment of bread (WP-R and WP-F) significantly reduced postprandial glucose (P = 0.013) and triglyceride (P = 0.001) levels. (who.int)
  • Postprandial oscillations of plasma glucose, insulin and C-peptide in man. (nih.gov)
  • Postprandial plasma glucose, insulin and C-peptide profiles were studied in eight normal subjects, in the afternoon or in the evening. (nih.gov)
  • According to data from recent studies, moderate physical leisure time activities for at least 60 minutes every week can effectively improve glycaemic control in patients with diabetes type 2.Those measure indicators of glycaemic control including glycated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), fasting plasma glucose (FPG), and postprandial plasma glucose (PPG) were used to assess glycaemic control in diabetic patients. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • This study aimed to collect health utilities related to different degrees of poorly controlled postprandial glucose (PPG) and its impact on HRQOL in the UK and in Sweden. (springer.com)
  • However, you can develop postprandial hypotension even if you don't have a condition that affects the autonomic nervous system. (healthline.com)
  • Older adults, especially those with Parkinson's disease , are more likely to develop postprandial hypotension. (healthline.com)
  • Postprandial glycemic control is essential for diabetes compensation. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) improves glycemic control within days after surgery, and changes in insulin sensitivity and β-cell function are likely to be involved. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • This has led to a consensus that postprandial glucose excursions contribute to poor glycemic control in these patients. (dovepress.com)
  • Supine body position is an important factor influencing postprandial ambulatory blood pressure. (biomedsearch.com)
  • However, little is known about the impact of postprandial exercise on systemic inflammation and whether PPL and inflammation are associated. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Three health state descriptions were developed based on literature reviews and interviews with people with diabetes and healthcare professionals, characterising mild, moderate and severe impact of postprandial hyperglycaemic symptoms on HRQOL. (springer.com)
  • The aim of our study was to investigate the effect on postprandial satiety feelings, energy intake, and gastric emptying rate (GER), by the paracetamol method, of two different volumes of an alginate-based preload in normal-weight subjects. (arctichealth.org)
  • Lixisenatide exerts profound effects on postprandial glucose through established mechanisms of glucose-dependent insulin secretion and glucagon suppression in combination with delayed gastric emptying. (dovepress.com)
  • This review discusses the likely place that lixisenatide will occupy in clinical practice, given its profound effects on postprandial glucose and potential to reduce glycemic variability. (dovepress.com)
  • Objective: We aimed to compare protein digestion and absorption kinetics, postprandial amino acid availability, anabolic signaling, and the subsequent myofibrillar protein synthetic response after the ingestion of milk vs. beef during recovery from resistance-type exercise. (fil-idf.org)
  • Conclusions: Both milk and beef ingestion augment the postexercise myofibrillar protein synthetic response in young men with a stronger stimulation of myofibrillar protein synthesis during the early postprandial stage after milk ingestion. (fil-idf.org)
  • The need for P is highest during the postprandial period, as indicated by its reduced level after glucose ingestion and by the improvement in insulin sensitivity following its addition (7). (who.int)
  • What Is Postprandial Hypotension? (healthline.com)
  • Postprandial hypotension is common in older adults. (healthline.com)
  • Postprandial hypotension can be diagnosed and managed, often with some simple lifestyle adjustments. (healthline.com)
  • What are the symptoms of postprandial hypotension? (healthline.com)
  • If you have drops in blood pressure at other times that aren't associated with eating, you may have other conditions unrelated to postprandial hypotension. (healthline.com)
  • Another possible cause of postprandial hypotension is related to a fast absorption of glucose, or sugar, and may explain the higher risk for the condition in patients with diabetes. (healthline.com)
  • Sometimes doctors are unable to determine an underlying cause for postprandial hypotension. (healthline.com)
  • Postprandial hypotension is rare among young people. (healthline.com)
  • Certain medical conditions can also increase your risk for postprandial hypotension because they may interfere with the parts of the brain that control the autonomic nervous system. (healthline.com)
  • The most serious complication related to postprandial hypotension is fainting and the injuries that can follow. (healthline.com)
  • Postprandial hypotension is usually a temporary condition, but if low blood pressure becomes severe, some serious complications can result. (healthline.com)
  • Certain conditions can cause prolonged periods of hypotension that can become dangerous if left untreated. (healthline.com)
  • Postprandial hypotension is a drop in blood pressure that occurs right after eating. (healthline.com)
  • This type of hypotension occurs after someone has been standing for long periods of time. (ihealthdirectory.com)
  • It is called postprandial hypotension. (ihealthdirectory.com)
  • Repeated blood and muscle sampling permitted measurement of fasting and postprandial plasma EAA, insulin, anabolic signaling including mTOR complex 1 (mTORC1) substrates, cellular ATP and phosphorylocreatine, and MPS. (clinsci.org)
  • On the morning of the final day of each treatment period, fasting participants were given a site-prepared, cholesterol-enriched milkshake that provided 1114 calories of total energy (~44% of calories from fat, ~40% of calories from carbohydrate and ~17% of calories from protein) and 504 mg of cholesterol. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • This study will examine the effect of oral n-3 fatty acid ethyl esters supplementation (4g/day, Omacor) on postprandial hypertriglyceridaemia and post-prandial arterial function when administrated to FH patients at increased risk of cardiovascular disease due to their residual fasting hypertriglyceridaemia. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Hemostatic variables that have been associated with increased thrombotic tendency were evaluated with subjects in the fasting state and during postprandial hyperlipemia before and after combined treatment. (ahajournals.org)
  • Raised fasting or postprandial TG values frequently accompany low HDL cholesterol and can add to the risk of a vascular event. (bmj.com)
  • Efficacy analyses were performed for the fasting (7-8 h) and mealtime (1130-1530 h) periods. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Glucagon excess contributes to the elevated fasting and postprandial glycemia ( 2 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Blood samples were collected at baseline (12-hour fasting), and at 2, 3, and 5 hours postprandial. (scielo.br)
  • Sixty inpatients with Diabetes mellitus type 2 were assessed for daily fasting and postprandial blood sugar for 15 consecutive days. (nepjol.info)
  • Nevertheless, along with the liver, the kidney has an important role in ensuring the energy needs during fasting periods. (amazonaws.com)
  • Clinical trials demonstrate that consumption of HV-HPMC significantly lowers cholesterol, but limited information has been available on the influence of HV-HPMC on postprandial insulin and glucose responses. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • CONCLUSIONS -These findings indicate that HV-HPMC consumption reduces postprandial glucose and insulin excursions, which may favorably alter risks for diabetes and cardiovascular disease. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Effects of fructose consumption on postprandial TAG: an. (caloriecontrol.org)
  • 7 days) of fructose consumption on postprandial TAG, in adolescents and adults. (caloriecontrol.org)
  • When energy expenditure was expressed as kcal/min/ffm, there was no difference among groups at baseline, but a significant (p = 0.0001) effect of BMI classification across all postprandial times and treatments (Table 2). (nih.gov)
  • Baseline and postprandial blood samples were collected. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • High-sensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) was significantly increased in the TCL (P = 0.014) and WC (P = 0.008) groups at postprandial 4 hours compared with baseline. (edu.au)
  • Postprandial elevation of glycaemia, insulinaemia, triglyceridaemia are associated with an increased risk of CMD. (biomedcentral.com)
  • To assess the impact of their addition to flour on the sensory properties of white pita bread and postprandial glycaemia of healthy individuals. (who.int)
  • Sensory characteristics of bread were assessed and postprandial glycaemia was determined using a single-blinded crossover design whereby participants consumed 1 of the 3 different types of pita bread in random order. (who.int)
  • This lack of data is due to the fact that postprandial amino acid kinetics have been studied almost exclusively during continuous feeding, obtained either by a nasogastric infusion or by small repeated meals ( 2 - 7 ). (pnas.org)
  • The plasma insulin excursions were significantly higher with GLP-1 compared with saline over the initial postprandial 30 ;min, the time period during which the GLP-1 concentration was considerably elevated. (portlandpress.com)
  • The plasma glucagon levels were significantly lower over the 240-min postprandial period with GLP-1 treatment. (portlandpress.com)
  • CONCLUSIONS Walking significantly impacts postprandial glucose excursions in healthy populations and in those with type 1 diabetes. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • These agents reduce postprandial glucose and insulin levels ( 7 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Our systematic review suggests that orlistat can help to reduce postprandial hypertriglyceridemia in obese, dyslipemic and type-2 diabetic patients. (isciii.es)
  • This study indicates that breakfast macronutrient composition affects postprandial responses in both NW and OW children. (nih.gov)
  • The amount of dietary nitrogen also affects postprandial protein anabolism. (physiology.org)
  • Brain insulin may act as a satiety signal during the postprandial period and is associated with decreased appetite and reduced intake of highly palatable food, according to a study published in Diabetes . (diabetesnews.com)
  • The data presented here are obtained from a larger study that sought to determine the existence of a diurnal pattern of postprandial glucose tolerance in subjects with and without type 1 diabetes ( 6 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Expected outcomes are postprandial and complex improvement of diabetes control, similarly to the insulin pump therapy. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The time period before the development of symptomatic diabetes. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Time Trade-Off (TTO) interviews with a 10-year trade-off period were conducted with samples of the UK general public and of Swedish people with diabetes. (springer.com)
  • Encontramos 11 estudios, de los cuales 7 estudian el efecto de una sola dosis de orlistat en el TSOG: 3 con voluntarios sanos, 1 con obesidad, 2 con diabetes de tipo 2 y 1 con pacientes hiperlipidémicos. (isciii.es)
  • Nuestra revisión sistemática sugiere que orlistat puede ayudar a reducir la hipertrigliceridemia posprandial en pacientes obesos, dislipémicos y con diabetes de tipo 2. (isciii.es)
  • En conclusión, orlistat puede ayudar a reducir los TGL plasmáticos posprandiales, especialmente en pacientes con hipertrigliceridemia posprandial relacionada con obesidad, dislipemia y diabetes de tipo 2. (isciii.es)
  • OGTT Postprandial dip Oxyhyperglycemia Association, American Diabetes (2001-04-01). (wikipedia.org)
  • Two-hour postprandial glucose values of 200 mg/dL (11.1 mmol/L) or higher indicate diabetes. (dlife.com)
  • Determine the ability of these mice to deposit postprandial lipids to the adipose tissue using [14C]-cholesterol ether. (europa.eu)
  • Gavage administration of olive oil containing the non-hydrolyzable [3H]-cholesteryl-hexadecyl-ether to mice raised the possibility that deficiency in the LDLr and apoE reduces the direct delivery of postprandial non-hydrolyzed lipids to the liver one of the major tissues involved in glucose uptake from the circulation. (europa.eu)
  • The data suggests that postprandial insulin and GIP responses are key players in short-term appetite regulation. (nih.gov)
  • The objective of this investigation was to assess the influence of HV-HPMC on postprandial glucose and insulin responses in overweight and obese men and women. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • There were no significant differences in postprandial responses in other measurements between the dietary treatments. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The aim of this study was to investigate postprandial effects of two Chinese liquors on s elected cardiovascular disease risk factors in humans. (edu.au)
  • Situations such as recovery from injury or illness require otherwise healthy humans to undergo periods of disuse, which lead to considerable losses of skeletal muscle mass and, subsequently, numerous negative health consequences. (wiley.com)
  • Conclusions : Our work underlines the importance of exploring cardiovascular integrators during post prandial period in healthy subjects and in diabetic patients, according to their diet and their hypoglycemic and anti-hypertensive treatments. (archives-ouvertes.fr)
  • In addition, we have recently suggested the existence of a relationship between the regulation of postprandial protein kinetics and the rate of digestion and absorption of dietary proteins ( 5 ). (physiology.org)
  • Postprandial whole body leucine kinetics were assessed by using a dual tracer methodology. (pnas.org)
  • The first is "Supplementing breakfast with a vitamin D and leucine-enriched whey protein medical nutrition drink enhances postprandial muscle protein synthesis and muscle mass in healthy older men" by Chanet et al (Chanet A et al. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • 10 days) leads to a decline in basal and postprandial rates of muscle protein synthesis, without an apparent change in muscle protein breakdown. (wiley.com)
  • More work is required to elucidate the impact of disuse on basal and postprandial rates of muscle protein synthesis and breakdown. (wiley.com)
  • Additional Insulin is Required in Both the Early and Late Postprandial Periods for Meals High in Protein and Fat: A Randomised Trial. (onmedica.com)
  • Protein digestion rate is an independent factor modulating postprandial protein deposition. (physiology.org)
  • Therefore, the postprandial leucine balance, an index of protein deposition, was better with casein than with whey ( 5 ). (physiology.org)
  • Taken together, our results suggested that, in young adults, "slow" proteins (e.g., casein) fare better than "fast" proteins (e.g., whey) with respect to postprandial protein gain. (physiology.org)
  • This could affect postprandial protein synthesis, breakdown, and deposition. (pnas.org)
  • Evidence suggests that maintaining protein intake during a period of disuse attenuates disuse atrophy. (wiley.com)
  • Impaired gastric accommodation leads to early satiety and postprandial fullness, possibly attributed to weakening of the vagal nerve. (hindawi.com)
  • Kindke's Scrap Notes: Preferential uptake of dietary Fatty acids in adipose tissue and muscle in the postprandial period. (blogspot.com)
  • In this study, the most striking findings were the postprandial uptake of fatty acids from the circulating NEFA pool by adipose tissue, the direct confirmation that chylomicrons are the preferred substrate of LPL over VLDL, the preferential channeling of fatty acids derived from LPL-mediated chylomicron hydrolysis into adipose tissue, and the postprandial release of fatty acids across the forearm. (blogspot.com)
  • CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicate that supine body position is an important factor, which may influence postprandial BP investigated by ABPM. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Conclusions : Nos résultats ont montré que la variabilité glycémique est plus forte en présence d'une dysglycémie et augmente avec l'HbA1c. (archives-ouvertes.fr)
  • The next three-to-four week period of therapy was evaluated by glycated hemoglobin before and after the intervention (Phase Two). (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • and changes in the glycated hemoglobin A1c after the study period. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Measures the amount of glycated hemoglobin in the bloodstream over a 120-day period. (dlife.com)
  • In conclusion, both liquors increased postprandial uric acid, and no significant difference was observed for the effects of TFL and TCL on the measured biochemical parameters. (edu.au)
  • Our study confirmed previous findings of a reduced postprandial GLP-1 response in severely obese subjects. (nih.gov)
  • The other four studied the effect of orlistat on OFLT, but after a previous period of time with daily treatment with orlistat: 1 healthy volunteer, 2 obese volunteers, and one patient with hyperlipidemia. (isciii.es)
  • 4. We have demonstrated a significant improvement in postprandial glycaemic control with subcutaneous GLP-1 treatment. (portlandpress.com)
  • The effect of orlistat on postprandial hypertriglyceridemia by oral fat loading test. (isciii.es)
  • However, postprandial hypertriglyceridaemia could be a reason why some patients with TD develop premature atherosclerosis. (bmj.com)
  • 14- 16 Variability in postprandial hypertriglyceridaemia in these patients could also be relevant in terms of CAD risk. (bmj.com)
  • A modeling framework predicted the postprandial gastric emptying rate and enterohepatic circulation of bile acids. (diva-portal.org)
  • A period of disuse reduces energy requirements and appetite. (wiley.com)
  • Patient responded well to enteral feeding, regaining13 kilograms over a one month period with complete resolution of his symptoms. (ispub.com)