Forecasting: The prediction or projection of the nature of future problems or existing conditions based upon the extrapolation or interpretation of existing scientific data or by the application of scientific methodology.Weather: The state of the ATMOSPHERE over minutes to months.Climate: The longterm manifestations of WEATHER. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Meteorology: The science of studying the characteristics of the atmosphere such as its temperature, density, winds, clouds, precipitation, and other atmospheric phenomena and aiming to account for the weather in terms of external influences and the basic laws of physics. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Models, Theoretical: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Solar Activity: Any type of variation in the appearance of energy output of the sun. (NASA Thesaurus, 1994)Climate Change: Any significant change in measures of climate (such as temperature, precipitation, or wind) lasting for an extended period (decades or longer). It may result from natural factors such as changes in the sun's intensity, natural processes within the climate system such as changes in ocean circulation, or human activities.Models, Statistical: Statistical formulations or analyses which, when applied to data and found to fit the data, are then used to verify the assumptions and parameters used in the analysis. Examples of statistical models are the linear model, binomial model, polynomial model, two-parameter model, etc.Meteorological Concepts: The atmospheric properties, characteristics and other atmospheric phenomena especially pertaining to WEATHER or CLIMATE.Seasons: Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Rain: Water particles that fall from the ATMOSPHERE.Oceanography: The science that deals with the ocean and its phenomena. (Webster, 3d ed)Population Growth: Increase, over a specific period of time, in the number of individuals living in a country or region.United States Social Security Administration: An independent agency within the Executive Branch of the United States Government. It administers a national social insurance program whereby employees, employers, and the self-employed pay contributions into pooled trust funds. Part of the contributions go into a separate hospital insurance trust fund for workers at age 65 to provide help with medical expenses. Other programs include the supplemental social security income program for the aged, blind, and disabled and the Old Age Survivors and Disability Insurance Program. It became an independent agency March 31, 1995. It had previously been part of the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, later the Department of Health and Human Services. (From United States Government Manual, 1994-95)Ecosystem: A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Population Dynamics: The pattern of any process, or the interrelationship of phenomena, which affects growth or change within a population.Models, Biological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Encephalitis, St. Louis: A viral encephalitis caused by the St. Louis encephalitis virus (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUS, ST. LOUIS), a FLAVIVIRUS. It is transmitted to humans and other vertebrates primarily by mosquitoes of the genus CULEX. The primary animal vectors are wild birds and the disorder is endemic to the midwestern and southeastern United States. Infections may be limited to an influenza-like illness or present as an ASEPTIC MENINGITIS or ENCEPHALITIS. Clinical manifestations of the encephalitic presentation may include SEIZURES, lethargy, MYOCLONUS, focal neurologic signs, COMA, and DEATH. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p750)Oceans and Seas: A great expanse of continuous bodies of salt water which together cover more than 70 percent of the earth's surface. Seas may be partially or entirely enclosed by land, and are smaller than the five oceans (Atlantic, Pacific, Indian, Arctic, and Antarctic).Disease Outbreaks: Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.Wind: The motion of air relative to the earth's surface.Atmosphere: The gaseous envelope surrounding a planet or similar body. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Life Expectancy: Based on known statistical data, the number of years which any person of a given age may reasonably expected to live.Extinction, Biological: The ceasing of existence of a species or taxonomic groups of organisms.Greenhouse Effect: The effect of GLOBAL WARMING and the resulting increase in world temperatures. The predicted health effects of such long-term climatic change include increased incidence of respiratory, water-borne, and vector-borne diseases.Conservation of Natural Resources: The protection, preservation, restoration, and rational use of all resources in the total environment.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Stochastic Processes: Processes that incorporate some element of randomness, used particularly to refer to a time series of random variables.Mortality: All deaths reported in a given population.Encephalitis Virus, St. Louis: A species of FLAVIVIRUS, one of the Japanese encephalitis virus group (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUSES, JAPANESE), which is the etiologic agent of ST. LOUIS ENCEPHALITIS in the United States, the Caribbean, and Central and South America.Pacific OceanMarkov Chains: A stochastic process such that the conditional probability distribution for a state at any future instant, given the present state, is unaffected by any additional knowledge of the past history of the system.Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.United StatesHumidity: A measure of the amount of WATER VAPOR in the air.Temperature: The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.Computer Simulation: Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.FloridaEpidemiological Monitoring: Collection, analysis, and interpretation of data about the frequency, distribution, and consequences of disease or health conditions, for use in the planning, implementing, and evaluating public health programs.Environmental Monitoring: The monitoring of the level of toxins, chemical pollutants, microbial contaminants, or other harmful substances in the environment (soil, air, and water), workplace, or in the bodies of people and animals present in that environment.Models, Economic: Statistical models of the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services, as well as of financial considerations. For the application of statistics to the testing and quantifying of economic theories MODELS, ECONOMETRIC is available.Geography: The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)Health Expenditures: The amounts spent by individuals, groups, nations, or private or public organizations for total health care and/or its various components. These amounts may or may not be equivalent to the actual costs (HEALTH CARE COSTS) and may or may not be shared among the patient, insurers, and/or employers.Biodiversity: The variety of all native living organisms and their various forms and interrelationships.Health Services Needs and Demand: Health services required by a population or community as well as the health services that the population or community is able and willing to pay for.Public Health: Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.Risk Assessment: The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)Probability: The study of chance processes or the relative frequency characterizing a chance process.Health Care Costs: The actual costs of providing services related to the delivery of health care, including the costs of procedures, therapies, and medications. It is differentiated from HEALTH EXPENDITURES, which refers to the amount of money paid for the services, and from fees, which refers to the amount charged, regardless of cost.Demography: Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.EuropeRegression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.Bayes Theorem: A theorem in probability theory named for Thomas Bayes (1702-1761). In epidemiology, it is used to obtain the probability of disease in a group of people with some characteristic on the basis of the overall rate of that disease and of the likelihood of that characteristic in healthy and diseased individuals. The most familiar application is in clinical decision analysis where it is used for estimating the probability of a particular diagnosis given the appearance of some symptoms or test result.Population Surveillance: Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.Costs and Cost Analysis: Absolute, comparative, or differential costs pertaining to services, institutions, resources, etc., or the analysis and study of these costs.Malaria: A protozoan disease caused in humans by four species of the PLASMODIUM genus: PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM; PLASMODIUM VIVAX; PLASMODIUM OVALE; and PLASMODIUM MALARIAE; and transmitted by the bite of an infected female mosquito of the genus ANOPHELES. Malaria is endemic in parts of Asia, Africa, Central and South America, Oceania, and certain Caribbean islands. It is characterized by extreme exhaustion associated with paroxysms of high FEVER; SWEATING; shaking CHILLS; and ANEMIA. Malaria in ANIMALS is caused by other species of plasmodia.Predictive Value of Tests: In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.Algorithms: A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Linear Models: Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.Population Density: Number of individuals in a population relative to space.Environment: The external elements and conditions which surround, influence, and affect the life and development of an organism or population.Influenza, Human: An acute viral infection in humans involving the respiratory tract. It is marked by inflammation of the NASAL MUCOSA; the PHARYNX; and conjunctiva, and by headache and severe, often generalized, myalgia.Species Specificity: The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Age Distribution: The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Cost-Benefit Analysis: A method of comparing the cost of a program with its expected benefits in dollars (or other currency). The benefit-to-cost ratio is a measure of total return expected per unit of money spent. This analysis generally excludes consideration of factors that are not measured ultimately in economic terms. Cost effectiveness compares alternative ways to achieve a specific set of results.Prognosis: A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.Amino Acid Sequence: The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.Mutation: Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.Cell Line: Established cell cultures that have the potential to propagate indefinitely.Cells, Cultured: Cells propagated in vitro in special media conducive to their growth. Cultured cells are used to study developmental, morphologic, metabolic, physiologic, and genetic processes, among others.Kinetics: The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.RNA, Messenger: RNA sequences that serve as templates for protein synthesis. Bacterial mRNAs are generally primary transcripts in that they do not require post-transcriptional processing. Eukaryotic mRNA is synthesized in the nucleus and must be exported to the cytoplasm for translation. Most eukaryotic mRNAs have a sequence of polyadenylic acid at the 3' end, referred to as the poly(A) tail. The function of this tail is not known for certain, but it may play a role in the export of mature mRNA from the nucleus as well as in helping stabilize some mRNA molecules by retarding their degradation in the cytoplasm.Protein Binding: The process in which substances, either endogenous or exogenous, bind to proteins, peptides, enzymes, protein precursors, or allied compounds. Specific protein-binding measures are often used as assays in diagnostic assessments.DNA: A deoxyribonucleotide polymer that is the primary genetic material of all cells. Eukaryotic and prokaryotic organisms normally contain DNA in a double-stranded state, yet several important biological processes transiently involve single-stranded regions. DNA, which consists of a polysugar-phosphate backbone possessing projections of purines (adenine and guanine) and pyrimidines (thymine and cytosine), forms a double helix that is held together by hydrogen bonds between these purines and pyrimidines (adenine to thymine and guanine to cytosine).Binding Sites: The parts of a macromolecule that directly participate in its specific combination with another molecule.Signal Transduction: The intracellular transfer of information (biological activation/inhibition) through a signal pathway. In each signal transduction system, an activation/inhibition signal from a biologically active molecule (hormone, neurotransmitter) is mediated via the coupling of a receptor/enzyme to a second messenger system or to an ion channel. Signal transduction plays an important role in activating cellular functions, cell differentiation, and cell proliferation. Examples of signal transduction systems are the GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID-postsynaptic receptor-calcium ion channel system, the receptor-mediated T-cell activation pathway, and the receptor-mediated activation of phospholipases. Those coupled to membrane depolarization or intracellular release of calcium include the receptor-mediated activation of cytotoxic functions in granulocytes and the synaptic potentiation of protein kinase activation. Some signal transduction pathways may be part of larger signal transduction pathways; for example, protein kinase activation is part of the platelet activation signal pathway.Polymerase Chain Reaction: In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.Brain: The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.Phenotype: The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.Recombinant Proteins: Proteins prepared by recombinant DNA technology.Mice, Inbred C57BLNeurons: The basic cellular units of nervous tissue. Each neuron consists of a body, an axon, and dendrites. Their purpose is to receive, conduct, and transmit impulses in the NERVOUS SYSTEM.Escherichia coli: A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria (GRAM-NEGATIVE FACULTATIVELY ANAEROBIC RODS) commonly found in the lower part of the intestine of warm-blooded animals. It is usually nonpathogenic, but some strains are known to produce DIARRHEA and pyogenic infections. Pathogenic strains (virotypes) are classified by their specific pathogenic mechanisms such as toxins (ENTEROTOXIGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI), etc.Dose-Response Relationship, Drug: The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.Immunohistochemistry: Histochemical localization of immunoreactive substances using labeled antibodies as reagents.Rats, Sprague-Dawley: A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.Transfection: The uptake of naked or purified DNA by CELLS, usually meaning the process as it occurs in eukaryotic cells. It is analogous to bacterial transformation (TRANSFORMATION, BACTERIAL) and both are routinely employed in GENE TRANSFER TECHNIQUES.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Cloning, Molecular: The insertion of recombinant DNA molecules from prokaryotic and/or eukaryotic sources into a replicating vehicle, such as a plasmid or virus vector, and the introduction of the resultant hybrid molecules into recipient cells without altering the viability of those cells.Transcription, Genetic: The biosynthesis of RNA carried out on a template of DNA. The biosynthesis of DNA from an RNA template is called REVERSE TRANSCRIPTION.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Proteins: Linear POLYPEPTIDES that are synthesized on RIBOSOMES and may be further modified, crosslinked, cleaved, or assembled into complex proteins with several subunits. The specific sequence of AMINO ACIDS determines the shape the polypeptide will take, during PROTEIN FOLDING, and the function of the protein.Gene Expression: The phenotypic manifestation of a gene or genes by the processes of GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION and GENETIC TRANSLATION.Membrane Proteins: Proteins which are found in membranes including cellular and intracellular membranes. They consist of two types, peripheral and integral proteins. They include most membrane-associated enzymes, antigenic proteins, transport proteins, and drug, hormone, and lectin receptors.Liver: A large lobed glandular organ in the abdomen of vertebrates that is responsible for detoxification, metabolism, synthesis and storage of various substances.Gene Expression Regulation: Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control (induction or repression) of gene action at the level of transcription or translation.Sequence Homology, Amino Acid: The degree of similarity between sequences of amino acids. This information is useful for the analyzing genetic relatedness of proteins and species.DNA Primers: Short sequences (generally about 10 base pairs) of DNA that are complementary to sequences of messenger RNA and allow reverse transcriptases to start copying the adjacent sequences of mRNA. Primers are used extensively in genetic and molecular biology techniques.Sequence Analysis, DNA: A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.Cattle: Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.Transcription Factors: Endogenous substances, usually proteins, which are effective in the initiation, stimulation, or termination of the genetic transcription process.Rabbits: The species Oryctolagus cuniculus, in the family Leporidae, order LAGOMORPHA. Rabbits are born in burrows, furless, and with eyes and ears closed. In contrast with HARES, rabbits have 22 chromosome pairs.Tumor Cells, Cultured: Cells grown in vitro from neoplastic tissue. If they can be established as a TUMOR CELL LINE, they can be propagated in cell culture indefinitely.Sequence Alignment: The arrangement of two or more amino acid or base sequences from an organism or organisms in such a way as to align areas of the sequences sharing common properties. The degree of relatedness or homology between the sequences is predicted computationally or statistically based on weights assigned to the elements aligned between the sequences. This in turn can serve as a potential indicator of the genetic relatedness between the organisms.DNA-Binding Proteins: Proteins which bind to DNA. The family includes proteins which bind to both double- and single-stranded DNA and also includes specific DNA binding proteins in serum which can be used as markers for malignant diseases.Recombinant Fusion Proteins: Recombinant proteins produced by the GENETIC TRANSLATION of fused genes formed by the combination of NUCLEIC ACID REGULATORY SEQUENCES of one or more genes with the protein coding sequences of one or more genes.Disease Models, Animal: Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.Carrier Proteins: Transport proteins that carry specific substances in the blood or across cell membranes.Cell Membrane: The lipid- and protein-containing, selectively permeable membrane that surrounds the cytoplasm in prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.Phosphorylation: The introduction of a phosphoryl group into a compound through the formation of an ester bond between the compound and a phosphorus moiety.Models, Molecular: Models used experimentally or theoretically to study molecular shape, electronic properties, or interactions; includes analogous molecules, computer-generated graphics, and mechanical structures.Blotting, Western: Identification of proteins or peptides that have been electrophoretically separated by blot transferring from the electrophoresis gel to strips of nitrocellulose paper, followed by labeling with antibody probes.Cell Division: The fission of a CELL. It includes CYTOKINESIS, when the CYTOPLASM of a cell is divided, and CELL NUCLEUS DIVISION.Calcium: A basic element found in nearly all organized tissues. It is a member of the alkaline earth family of metals with the atomic symbol Ca, atomic number 20, and atomic weight 40. Calcium is the most abundant mineral in the body and combines with phosphorus to form calcium phosphate in the bones and teeth. It is essential for the normal functioning of nerves and muscles and plays a role in blood coagulation (as factor IV) and in many enzymatic processes.Cell Differentiation: Progressive restriction of the developmental potential and increasing specialization of function that leads to the formation of specialized cells, tissues, and organs.Mice, Transgenic: Laboratory mice that have been produced from a genetically manipulated EGG or EMBRYO, MAMMALIAN.Microscopy, Electron: Microscopy using an electron beam, instead of light, to visualize the sample, thereby allowing much greater magnification. The interactions of ELECTRONS with specimens are used to provide information about the fine structure of that specimen. In TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY the reactions of the electrons that are transmitted through the specimen are imaged. In SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY an electron beam falls at a non-normal angle on the specimen and the image is derived from the reactions occurring above the plane of the specimen.Peptides: Members of the class of compounds composed of AMINO ACIDS joined together by peptide bonds between adjacent amino acids into linear, branched or cyclical structures. OLIGOPEPTIDES are composed of approximately 2-12 amino acids. Polypeptides are composed of approximately 13 or more amino acids. PROTEINS are linear polypeptides that are normally synthesized on RIBOSOMES.Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction: A variation of the PCR technique in which cDNA is made from RNA via reverse transcription. The resultant cDNA is then amplified using standard PCR protocols.Genotype: The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.Protein Structure, Tertiary: The level of protein structure in which combinations of secondary protein structures (alpha helices, beta sheets, loop regions, and motifs) pack together to form folded shapes called domains. Disulfide bridges between cysteines in two different parts of the polypeptide chain along with other interactions between the chains play a role in the formation and stabilization of tertiary structure. Small proteins usually consist of only one domain but larger proteins may contain a number of domains connected by segments of polypeptide chain which lack regular secondary structure.Mice, Inbred BALB CElectrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel: Electrophoresis in which a polyacrylamide gel is used as the diffusion medium.Plasmids: Extrachromosomal, usually CIRCULAR DNA molecules that are self-replicating and transferable from one organism to another. They are found in a variety of bacterial, archaeal, fungal, algal, and plant species. They are used in GENETIC ENGINEERING as CLONING VECTORS.Alleles: Variant forms of the same gene, occupying the same locus on homologous CHROMOSOMES, and governing the variants in production of the same gene product.Hydrogen-Ion Concentration: The normality of a solution with respect to HYDROGEN ions; H+. It is related to acidity measurements in most cases by pH = log 1/2[1/(H+)], where (H+) is the hydrogen ion concentration in gram equivalents per liter of solution. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Issue 6. Pages 39-46.; On the dynamics of the world demographic transition and financial-economic crises forecasts // The ... Volume 83, Number 2, 243-246; On the Possibilities to Forecast the Current Crisis and its Second Wave. "Ekonomicheskaya ... The slump was probably due to the economic down turn in East Asia causing the market for waste paper drying up in China. 2010 ... Note that the team had already forecasted correctly with a one-day accuracy the start of the collapse of the silver bubble. ...
On the Possibilities to Forecast the Current Crisis and its Second Wave. "Ekonomicheskaya politika". December 2010. Issue 6. ... Volume 83, Number 2, 243-246; * On the dynamics of the world demographic transition and financial-economic crises forecasts // ... In his article "On the Possibilities to Forecast the Current Crisis and its Second Wave" (with Askar Akaev and Andrey Korotayev ... Issue 6. Pages 39-46 [1]) he published «a forecast of the second wave of the crisis, which suggests that it may start in July ...
On 29 December 2008, the BBC reported that the euro had reached roughly 97.7p, due to poorer economic forecasts. This report ... Before the UK's vote to withdraw, the UK's membership of the euro was always a possibility if the UK decided to drop its opt- ... Her Majesty's Treasury first assessed five economic tests in October 1997, when it was decided that the UK economy was neither ... The UK would also have to meet the EU's economic convergence criteria (Maastricht criteria) before being allowed to adopt the ...
... market forecast and market position; Formulating market strategy & also investigating the possibility of partnership/ ... Micro Economic data (e.g. Supply & Demand, GDP, Price change, Economic growth, Sales by sector/industries, interest rate, ... short-range forecasting, long range forecasting, and business trends research. Research of this type provides information about ... As the Internet boomed, websites became larger and more complex and the possibility of two-way communication between businesses ...
The possibility of assistance to the Central Bank of Azerbaijan was also discussed. An agreement was reached to hold Article IV ... In 2017, the IMF forecast a 1% growth rate for Azerbaijan. In the same year, during a meeting with IMF officials, ... Azerbaijan was included in a 2017 IMF outlook report for the Middle East where the IMF believes economic conditions are ... Between 1995 and 2005, the IMF loaned Azerbaijan $577.3 million in order to provide support for the country's economic reform ...
An investor must balance the possibility of making a return on their investment with the risk of making a loss - the risk- ... These approaches require that the timing of the bubble collapse can only be forecast probabilistically and the bubble process ... The impact of economic bubbles is debated within and between schools of economic thought; they are not generally considered ... Typically the collapse of any economic bubble results in an economic contraction termed (if less severe) a recession or (if ...
... in the 21st Century: Challenges and Possibilities in Futures: the Journal of Forecasting, Planning and Policy, Volume 22, ... The economic crises, the loss of power of Spain in Europe, the war of independence in North America and native uprisings all ... The economic turbulence of the time acerbated social tensions in Peru and partly contributed to the rise of violent rebel rural ... Historically, the country's economic performance has been tied to exports, which provide hard currency to finance imports and ...
This is a particular problem in forecasting where inferences about the future are made from historical data. In fact, in 1703, ... In defining the frame, practical, economic, ethical, and technical issues need to be addressed. The need to obtain timely ... when Jacob Bernoulli proposed to Gottfried Leibniz the possibility of using historical mortality data to predict the ...
In an economic analysis, the Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI) on 24 June 2008 forecasted the possibility the Irish ... Unemployment in Ireland was forecasted to rise almost 17 percent in 2010, the Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI) ... The economic downturn in Ireland was not a recession but a slowdown in the rate of economic expansion. Signs of a recovery ... While Ireland's historical economic ties to the UK had often been the subject of criticism, Peader Kirby argued that the new ...
Journal of Technological Forecasting and Social Change,73(4), 321-333. Friedewald, M., von Oertzen, J., & Cuhls, K. (2007). ... Additionally, the Internet provides the possibility to invite a worldwide expert panel to participate in the study. Second, the ... Technological and Economic Conditions 5) Transportation & Logistics 2030 - Transport infrastructure - Engine or hand brakes for ... Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 3, 159-204. Häder, M. (2002). Delphi-Befragungen. Ein Arbeitsbuch. Wiesbaden: ...
ENTSO-E publishes summer and winter generation outlooks, well as a long-term system adequacy forecast, the Scenario Outlook & ... It assesses projects against socio-economic and environmental criteria. ... The seasonal outlooks assess if there is enough generation to cover supply and highlight possibilities for neighbouring ... 1][dead link] "Scenario Outlook & Adequacy Forecasts". Entsoe.eu. Retrieved 2016-12-01. "Network Codes". Networkcodes.entsoe.eu ...
Examples of these scenarios are weather predictions, forecasts for a wide range of topics such as economic growth, population, ... Scenarios can be intended to explore possibilities for the future, without pronouncing upon their probability or desirability. ... The 2050 Roadmap sets forward possibilities to reaching the more stringent 80% reduction target of greenhouse gases in 2050 by ...
... reducing their socio-economic cost. Health: Weather forecasts allow for the implementation of preventive measures against ... Finance: Farmers whose crops are insured through weather index policies have greater possibilities for accessing finance, which ... NMSs across Africa therefore do not have the necessary means to deliver accurate and timely weather forecasts to end-users, ... The data collected by these stations will be analyzed by NMSs and transformed into sector-specific weather forecasts and early ...
Economic Research Institute of the Ministry of Economic Development and Trade of Ukraine (Economics). Visiting Fulbright ... An editorial board member of the academic journals: Science and Science of Science (Ukraine), Economy and Forecasting (Ukraine ... and the Possibility of Application of American Experience in Ukraine. An expert of the European Commission project Enhance ... His research on S&T and economic policy has been published in Research Policy, Science and Public Policy and Europe-Asia ...
... program 20 years before peaking appears to offer the possibility of avoiding a world liquid fuels shortfall for the forecast ... Economic upheaval is not inevitable. Without mitigation, the peaking of world oil production will cause major economic upheaval ... The economic loss to the United States could be measured on a trillion-dollar scale. Aggressive fuel efficiency and substitute ... The economic and social implications of oil peaking would otherwise be chaotic. Expediency may require major changes to ...
"Impact Forecasting" in 1989. Here he developed a fundamentally-epistemological analysis of the possibilities and limitations of ... In 2002 he was elected member of the Social-Economic Council. Since 2006 he is director of the Netherland House for education ... economic and spatial properties. A real planning theory in this regard does not exist, and the then literature was a ... "Forecasting" in 1978, "Experimentele Beleidsplanning" (Experimental Policy Planning) in 1982 and " ...
... and certain specialty forecasts of agricultural and economic importance would be eliminated. NOAA also proposed outsourcing of ... objecting to the possibility of weather information intended for the public domain being sold to private entities that would ... NAVTEX forecast - a text forecast issued by the OPC (combining data from the Coastal Waters and Offshore Waters Forecasts) ... High Seas Forecast (HSF) - routine text product issued every six hours by OPC to provide warning and forecast information to ...
... found 32 published papers that included 97 comparisons of economic forecasts from simple and complex forecasting ... By definition, all assumptions introduce possibilities for error; if an assumption does not improve the accuracy of a theory, ... Green, K. C.; Armstrong, J. S. (2015). "Simple versus complex forecasting: The evidence". Journal of Business Research. 68 (8 ... None of the papers provided a balance of evidence that complexity of method improved forecast accuracy. In the 25 papers with ...
He also said that full-year economic growth for 2008 would be lower than the 6.8% previously forecast. Russian steel industry ... Prime minister Geir Haarde had been investigating the possibility of a loan provided by Russia since the mid-summer. Iceland's ... The government forecast for 2009 stood at a 6.7% annual growth rate while a November 2008 World Bank report projected 3% growth ... "Russia reviews forecast for its budget deficit". RIA Novosti. 15 April 2009. Archived from the original on 3 June 2009. ...
... reported that there was not a forecast viable economic case for reopening, citing a £141 million cost and a low anticipated ... A £140,000, six-month study was commissioned by the East Sussex County Council and Network Rail looking into the possibility of ...
As a general rule, the majority of economic experts recommend for newly accessed EU member states with a forecasted era of ... Orbán said the country was not yet ready to adopt the currency and they will not discuss the possibility until the public debt ... "European Economic Forecast Spring 2015 - 17.Hungary" (PDF). European Commission. 5 May 2015. "Orbán: Hungary will keep forint ... "European economic forecast - spring 2016" (PDF). European Commission. May 2016. Retrieved 7 June 2016. "Luxembourg Report ...
For the last two possibilities, the temporal resolution of wind power predictions ranges between 10 minutes and a few hours ( ... Economic dispatch). Bids for energy to be supplied on a day are usually required during the morning of the previous day. These ... Such type of forecasts are usually referred to as very short-term forecasts. For the following 48-72 hours, forecasts are ... Energy forecasting Global Energy Forecasting Competition has a track for wind power forecasting Zehnder and Warhaft, Alan and ...
"European Economic Forecast Spring 2015 - 17.Hungary" (PDF). European Commission. 5 May 2015. "Ungarn: Euro-Einführung noch ... Orbán said the country was not yet ready to adopt the currency and they would not discuss the possibility until the public debt ... "European economic forecast - spring 2014" (PDF). European Commission. March 2014. Retrieved 5 July 2014. "Convergence Report" ( ... "European economic forecast - spring 2016" (PDF). European Commission. May 2016. Retrieved 7 June 2016. "Luxembourg Report ...
Louis County Economic Council is the economic development agency of St. Louis County, and it is operated under the authority of ... Huber, Joe (2010-05-03). "The History and Possibilities of a St. Louis City-County Reunification". nextSTL. Retrieved 2011-10- ... NOAA's National Weather Service Weather Forecast Office. Last accessed December 4, 2006. http://www.crh.noaa.gov/lsx/climate/ ... Louis County Economic Council Digitized 1930 Plat Book of St. Louis County from University of Missouri Division of Special ...
Challenges and Possibilities in Futures: the Journal of Forecasting, Planning and Policy, May 1990, Volume 22, Nº 4, ... As an expert in the fields of economic environment and business in the emerging markets, he has studied the economic effects of ... Challenges and Possibilities in Futures : the Journal of Forecasting, Planning and Policy, Volume 22, Nº 4, Butterworth- ... As economist he has been part of economic institutions in Peru, such as Group of the Analysis of Development, GRADE, where he ...
To ensure the economic viability of the project, they pursued the single airport concept, meaning that the new airport would ... This means they could be built at any time without further regulatory hurdles or the possibility of third-party objections. A ... Forecasts estimate the airport will not be ready to open until 2020. This means a need for €500 million for refinancing to ... Economic considerations favoured an airport located near the city center, with existing road and rail links (as it is the case ...
Reed Construction Data Includes Possibility of Recession in its Economic Forecast. Bernard M. Markstein, Reed Construction ... for the firms economic forecast. "In our recession scenario, the current (third) quarter is subpar, with growth barely above ... For more on the revised forecast, visit the Reed Construction Data website. ... Datas chief economist, recently offered a revised prediction, which includes a recession scenario, for the firms economic ...
Research forecasts US among top nations to suffer economic damage from climate change. September 24, 2018 For the first time, ... Scientists consider the possibility of adding aerosols or modifying clouds to slow global warming. July 21, 2017 by Bob Yirka, ... Its the combination of our operating system designs (economic and governing systems), which rely too heavily and too ... address the possibility of injecting aerosols into the atmosphere as a means to limit heat passing through. In the second, ...
We are entering the 38th month of the ninth economic recovery since World War II. Only three have lasted longer, and this may ... Few forecasts consider the possibility.. Economics is a behavioral discipline. It attempts to understand and predict business ... The result is that, for all their alleged sophistication, most economic forecasts are at best educated guesswork. For 1986 the ... Eggert regularly collects 50 forecasts for his "Blue Chip Economic Indicators," and here is what his consensus--the average of ...
... but there are many economic reasons to pursue such a policy - to say nothing of environmental and fiscal concerns. This column ... Economic Forecasting with NIESR 24 - 26 September 2018 / London / the National Institute of Economic and Social Research and ... Coordination problems make difficult the taxation of fuels used in international transport, but there are many economic reasons ... The (non-) taxation of international aviation and maritime fuels: Anomalies and possibilities ...
Our forecast sees a higher possibility of recession-though its still unlikely. ... economic-analysis ⊕ economic-development ⊕ economic-development-news ⊕ economic-forecasteconomic-indicator-reports ⊕ ... economic-analysis economic-indicator-reports-analysis economic-forecast Around-the-web this-week-340 february 2016 by ... economic-analysis economic-indicator-reports-analysis economic-forecast Around-the-web this-week-316 july 2015 by ...
But a cataclysmic economic downturn originating in the United States appears to be a remote possibility. ... Trumps massive recession forecast stumps economists. #slideshow_and_video { display: none; } U.S. Republican presidential ... Republican National Committee Chairman Reince Priebus said on Sunday that voters were "afraid" of their economic situation, ... "I think were sitting on an economic bubble. A financial bubble," he said. ...
Round the clock forex analysis and forecasts, currency news. Trade ideas with push alerts. Covers major currencies including ... Technical Forecast, Fundamental News, Free Trading Signals. Best. USD Dollar, EUR Euro, JPY Yen, GBP Pound, CHF Swiss Franc, ... Such kind of trading attracts traders with the possibility of.... Understanding Pivot Points. Trading Strategies ForexTime - ... Technical analysis refers to the study of past price action as a guide in forecasting future price movements. This involves ...
United Nations-Department for Economic and Social Information and Policy Analysis, New YorkGoogle Scholar ... Technol Forecast Soc Change 74:887-935CrossRefGoogle Scholar. *. Riahi K, Krey V, Rao S, Chirkov V, Fischer G et al (2011) RCP- ... 2007a).1 Only six scenarios from three independent studies were identified that explored the possibility of reaching forcing ... For demand for agricultural production, the IMAGE model mostly uses scenarios from agro-economic models. Where expansion of ...
This years forecast features recessions in two economic heavyweights, and the possibility of solar-related chaos. ... The Danish firm has compiled 10 possibilities with a low chance of happening, but that challenge investors to think outside the ... A 40% premium on Teslas share price could make another Musk "funding secured" tweet a possibility in 2019. ...
As recessions are difficult to forecast in advance, the possibility of significant economic disruptions should not be dismissed ... Applying PIRA forecast growth rates for GDP we expect world trade to grow 3.2% in 2016 and 6.0% in 2017. This implies world- ... PIRAs current forecast calls for gasoline demand in the U.S. to increase by 1.6% and 0.3% in 2016 and 2017, respectively. ... Slower economic growth in Latin America signals flat to declining demand for diesel, but gasoline is still showing growth in ...
Norway has a long tradition of making detailed forecasts. Economic agents know from experience that point forecasts are very ... Gradually, as we gain experience with setting interest rates according to an inflation target, the possibilities for placing ... Analyses of forecast errors have been presented four times in the journal Economic Bulletin. Excerpts from these evaluation ... In countries where a decision-making body presents forecasts, each member may have his/her own individual forecast for both ...
... Linear thinking often utterly misses the mark in financial forecasting. Courtesy of Elliott ... But you must leave your mind open to such a possibility - nay, probability. ... Why Economic Forecasts Often Fail. Why Economic Forecasts Often Fail Linear thinking often utterly misses the mark in financial ... Tags: CHINA, Economic Forecasts, Economy, elliott wave international, United States. This entry was posted on Wednesday, April ...
Scott Minerd discusses his economic outlook and the possibility of a financial accident in 2019.. ... Our recession forecasting tools continue to point to the same timing as they have over the past year and a half: recession risk ... With our recession forecasting tools indicating the next U.S. recession will begin by mid-2020, we are now focused on what the ... Forecasting the Next Recession: How Severe Will the Next Recession Be? Our Recession Probability Model and Recession Dashboard ...
In forecasting both technology and economic attributes we dismiss the possibility of discontinuities. They can occur but their ... We refer to economic forecasting, . technological forecasting as social forecasting as separate activities. The separation is ... They are also likely to affect the time lapse in economic model. They also provide barriers to economic forecast or determine ... With regard to this factor, social forecasting is more complex than economic and technological forecast. In many cases the ...
What next? Forecasting is notoriously difficult. Another world conflagration is a possibility that cannot be ruled out. A new ... Analysis Economics, The Economic Crisis Post navigation. Global cities, global workers in the 21st century ... Another possibility is hinted at in the next footnote.. 61: If present trends are at all an indication of future developments, ... Of all the economic myths, the underconsumptionist one is the most firmly entrenched on the left. But it is also the most ...
Why do the rain forecasts by the Indian Meteorological Department (IMD) rarely prove to be accurate? It is the variable factors ... Farmers cannot predict the possibilities of rain neither can they count on predictions by the meteorological department. The ... It is obvious that all this has affected the regions economic development. Irrespective of caste and class the youth in the ... Swaminathan also envisioned a special agricultural zone (in place of the special economic zone) that would cater to the needs ...
... for forecasting an economic recession. Specifically, we use the yield curve spread to forecast a bear stock market (negative ex ... Overall our results support the possibility of a negative ex ante risk premium. ...
180 Is the Consensus Forecast Just the Average? -- Re-examining an Evaluation of the ESP Forecast -- (in Japanese). by KAWAGOE ... 213 Research on Management-Style in City/Local Authority Management Possibilities and Capabilities of Empowerment type model(in ... 220 A World Economy in 2025 and Chinese Economic Situation (Chinas Present Economic Policies can be maintained?)(in Japanese) ... 251 Forecasting of Coincident Composite Index from an Affine Term Structure Model: A Macro-Finance Approach(in Japanese). by ...
Issue 6. Pages 39-46.; On the dynamics of the world demographic transition and financial-economic crises forecasts // The ... Volume 83, Number 2, 243-246; On the Possibilities to Forecast the Current Crisis and its Second Wave. "Ekonomicheskaya ... The slump was probably due to the economic down turn in East Asia causing the market for waste paper drying up in China. 2010 ... Note that the team had already forecasted correctly with a one-day accuracy the start of the collapse of the silver bubble. ...
... possibility is that the president could choose to evade hard choices and rely on implausibly optimistic economic forecasts ...
Merrill Lynch forecasts that gold may rise to US$725 by 2010, as economic growth turns China into the worlds biggest jewellery ... In the shorter term, market watchers are talking about the possibility of gold hitting US$500 an ounce at the end of this year ...
... relying on optimistic forecasts for oil prices at a time when borrowing abroad to cover any deficit slippage will be tough due ... Economic growth is ebbing fast and is expected to be 0.4 percent at best this year, with recession a possibility if the West ... MOSCOW (Reuters) - Russia presents its toughest budget in years on Thursday, relying on optimistic forecasts for oil prices at ... But the Finance Ministry is allowing, if the need arises, for the possibility of taking funds from the sovereign wealth fund ...
Blazquez, D.; Domenech, J. Big Data sources and methods for social and economic analyses. Technol. Forecast. Soc. Chang. 2018, ... There are various possibilities for the Internet users to create such content. One of the most popular examples of such ... which already proven to be useful for socio-economic forecasting [4]. For example, data from Wikipedia can be used for ... J. Forecast. 2013, 32, 289-298. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]. *Bughin, J. Google searches and twitter mood: Nowcasting telecom ...
Viewed in light of our previous findings on cardiometabolic risk (18, 19), we see this as an unlikely possibility but one that ... and economic security in the coming decades (15, 17). As one way to counteract these effects, policymakers are drawing on self- ... Self-control forecasts better psychosocial outcomes but faster epigenetic aging in low-SES youth. Gregory E. Miller, Tianyi Yu ... However, it also forecasted more rapid immune cell aging, highlighting the potential health costs of successful adjustment for ...
... liquidity and a falteringof the stillfragile economic recovery.Fitch forecasts growth of 1.5% in 2017 and 2.6% in 2018, ... ratings and forecasts can be affected by future events orconditions thatwere not anticipated at the time a rating or forecast ... Part ofthe reserves maybe encumbered in forward contracts.The economic contraction in 2016 and tight FX and nairaliquidity ... and the growth forecast is subject to downsiderisks. Inflationremains high at 16.1% in July 2017, but Fitch projects it ...
  • Global Medical Aesthetics Market is exhibited to display a stunning CAGR of 11.0% during the forecast period (2018-2023). (marketwatch.com)
  • The consensus forecast from US housing economists is for approximately 1.28 million starts in 2018, which suggests a 7% year-over-year improvement. (newswire.ca)
  • In een tweede deel wordt de procedure voor het opstellen van het referentiescenario beschreven en worden de belangrijkste resultaten van de economische vooruitzichten van juni 2018 voorgesteld. (plan.be)
  • Fitch forecasts the general government fiscal deficit to rise slightly to 4.5% of GDP in 2017 from 4.4% in 2016. (reuters.com)
  • In 2016, with a budget year that ran to May 2017 the government executed approximately NGN1.2 trillion of the NGN1.6 trillion forecast in the 2016 budget. (reuters.com)
  • General government debt to revenue, at 297% at end-2016, is already above the 'B' category median of 227% and Fitch forecasts it to increase to 325% in 2017. (reuters.com)
  • One of the factors underlying this improvement in economic sentiment is that, while advanced economies remain robust, there is a cyclical factor of continued moderate recovery in production for the resource and manufacturing sectors, which bottomed out in 2016 amid the waning of concern over a slowdown in emerging economies, especially China. (or.jp)
  • The editorial concludes: 'The less appealing possibility is that the president could choose to evade hard choices and rely on implausibly optimistic economic forecasts instead. (rferl.org)
  • MOSCOW (Reuters) - Russia presents its toughest budget in years on Thursday, relying on optimistic forecasts for oil prices at a time when borrowing abroad to cover any deficit slippage will be tough due to tightening Western sanctions. (reuters.com)
  • As we advance toward the close of 1998, global economic peril looms large on the horizon. (thetrumpet.com)
  • Earlier this year, Economic Intelligence Review editor and publisher Christopher Story stated, "The entire cycle of currency depreciations can be traced back to the huge devaluation of the Chinese yuan in January 1994-an aggressive and unfriendly 'beggar-thy-neighbor' devaluation by any standard, probably motivated by political as much as by economic considerations…" (Economic Intelligence Review, Jan.-Feb. 1998). (thetrumpet.com)
  • 2011 ). An important purpose of this selection was to allow new climate model runs exploring a very wide range of radiative forcing levels, in parallel with new work on socio-economic scenarios. (springer.com)
  • factor in the proven ineptness of world leaders in dealing with this international socio-economic cauldron, and the result of this unhappy equation is the prospect of unprecedented global instability. (thetrumpet.com)
  • The current and forecasted image of the demographic processes and condition of the socio-economic order of the West (evident e.g. the in case of pension systems based on intergenerational solidarity) calls for thorough reflection. (ceeol.com)
  • Last quarter's 2.9 per cent annual decline in economic activity, as measured by the gross domestic product, followed a 2.6 per cent gain in the fourth quarter. (huffingtonpost.ca)
  • Goldman Sachs is forecasting gross domestic product rising at a 1.6% annualized rate in the first quarter. (reuters.com)
  • The National Weather Service ( NWS ) is an agency of the United States federal government that is tasked with providing weather forecasts, warnings of hazardous weather, and other weather-related products to organizations and the public for the purposes of protection, safety, and general information. (mashpedia.com)
  • These requests ranged from simple information, such as daily weather forecasts, to difficult problems occasionally requiring weeks of special research. (psu.edu)
  • Moody's Economy.com is forecasting cuts totaling three-quarters of a percentage point over the next three scheduled Fed meetings in March, April and May. (cnn.com)
  • Since Wednesday, the market has been pricing in the strong possibility of interest rates cuts in Australia and New Zealand. (yahoo.com)
  • When asked about the reason of aggressive interest rate cuts economic policy of the Federal Reserve System, he said that policy was ensued due to the events at the Wall Street. (ebscohost.com)
  • The Danish firm has compiled 10 possibilities with a low chance of happening, but that challenge investors to think outside the box on risk within financial markets and the world more generally. (businessinsider.com)
  • Economic forecasting is essentially concerned with modeling how people behave using financial criteria as a means for maximising welfare. (scribd.com)
  • Huge rise in gold and oil prices as a precursor of a global financial and economic crisis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Christine Lagarde, the IMF's managing director, sounded the financial alarm by suggesting that European banks are in "urgent need of capital" in a speech on August 27 at the Federal Reserve's Jackson Hole Economic Policy Symposium. (frbsf.org)
  • In an unprecedented move, finance ministers of the major nations and representatives of all the world's major economic policy formulation bodies (the World Bank, the IMF, the G7 and G22), met in October to consider ways and means of dealing with the emerging, global financial crisis. (thetrumpet.com)
  • This fact creates substantial problem when forecasting the necessary financial flows connected with firms' effective functioning. (ceeol.com)
  • I know, "negative Nate" strikes again to throw a bucket of cold water on those who see roses and sunshine, but that's my job right now, to protect my investments and hopefully help protect yours so that your retirement and financial future don't get flushed with all the other fiat paper (as happened en mass in 2008). (blogspot.com)
  • As long as massive financial institutions continue to take on huge amounts of risk, there remains a strong possibility that governments will once again face unexpected liabilities and collapsing tax revenues in a financial crisis - pushing up debt by another 40 percent or so of GDP. (baselinescenario.com)
  • A positive Preliminary Economic Assessment (PEA) was completed in April 2013, and a Feasibility Study is currently underway based on an expanded mineral resource completed in December 2014. (marketwired.com)
  • This working paper presents an update of the ex post assessment of the quality of these forecasts. (plan.be)
  • Ms Sturgeon said: "More than 18 months on from the Brexit vote, it beggars belief that the UK Government is not only still unable to say what kind of relationship it wants with the EU, but has also failed to produce any meaningful economic assessment of the different possibilities. (heart.co.uk)
  • Until and unless there is a substantial reversal of course with respect to near-term fiscal consolidation, Britain's short- and long-run economic performance is likely to deteriorate. (reuters.com)
  • The public sector borrowing is expected to exceed 2 percent of GDP, with the possibility of substantial over-runs of fiscal objectives in the event of a no-deal Brexit. (rttnews.com)
  • The purpose of social forecasting is to provide an analytical framework for helping the corporate decision-maker to make his own judgement based on analysis. (scribd.com)
  • Over the past year, U.S. tech companies have been at the center of attention on a national and global stage-at the receiving end of a dizzying array of political, economic, and social changes. (pinboard.in)
  • DICE informs him that with a possible increase in temperature of 2.5 degrees Celsius, global warming in 2070 can be expected to inflict economic losses and damage amounting to 1.5 percent of global output. (nytimes.com)
  • But he warns that Mother Nature may play her hand in a way that upends logical forecasts and leads to global disaster. (nytimes.com)
  • These are the headline-making outliers of a trend whose possibilities are attracting global attention. (ingenia.org.uk)
  • Republican National Committee Chairman Reince Priebus said on Sunday that voters were "afraid" of their economic situation, when asked about Trump's remarks on CNN's "State of the Union" show. (japantimes.co.jp)
  • It's the season for economic forecasts, and this year may be especially baffling. (latimes.com)
  • Russia has a small debt amounting to only around 11 percent of annual economic output and, sanctions notwithstanding, it could increase foreign borrowing from the $7 billion already penned it for next year. (reuters.com)
  • The proficient data was accumulated, organized, and analyzed from previous and the recent year in order to build future possibilities of the Wired Interface market. (rfdtv.com)
  • We forecast gold to average $1,637/oz in 2020, with a possibility to test and move beyond $1,800/oz later in the year. (mining-technology.com)
  • The year which produced the biggest-ever corporate merger (Amoco/BP) and the world's biggest-ever corporate collapse (Brunei-based Amedeco) felt the ground swell of an economic tsunami. (thetrumpet.com)
  • Presenting his forecasts as a future history, Cutter writes about the twenty-five years to come as if he is looking back from the perspective of the year 2040. (kauffman.org)
  • A forecast of this magnitude signals a drop of about three percent for the entire marketing year off of recent use levels unaffected by the economic shock. (farms.com)
  • Corn use for ethanol for the 2020-21 marketing year under recent conversion rates comes in near 5.1 billion bushels under EIA assumptions, 100 million bushels lower than the current USDA forecast. (farms.com)
  • If we are trying to forecast what Y will be next year, so t is 2011, we will need to know what X will be in 2011. (typepad.com)
  • The short-term forecasts are published three times a year and are referred to as the "economic budget", as they are used by the federal government to set up its budget and to perform budgetary control exercises. (plan.be)
  • While a debate went on between the Signal Service and Congress over whether the forecasting of weather conditions should be handled by civilian agencies or the Signal Service's existing forecast office, a Congressional committee was formed to oversee the matter, recommending that the office's operations be transferred to the Department of War following a two-year investigation. (mashpedia.com)
  • On the assumption that a no-deal Brexit is avoided, the economy is forecast to grow 1.2 percent this year, but this was revised down from 1.4 percent projected previously. (rttnews.com)
  • Whether or not Nutrisystem proves a good fit for Tivity, commercial weight loss programs are likely to face economic headwinds next year. (newhope.com)
  • Combined with robust exports and lower imports, supplies available on the UK market next year are forecast to be lower than in 2014. (thecattlesite.com)
  • It means that the UK beef market should be under less pressure than it has been for much of this year and the possibility of firmer prices is improved. (thecattlesite.com)
  • In the event of an orderly no-deal Brexit, the economy is forecast to stagnate, before starting to grow again in 2021. (rttnews.com)
  • A climate forecast is useful to a particular recipient only if it is sufficiently skillful, timely, and relevant to actions the recipient can take to make it possible to undertake behavioral changes that improve outcomes. (nap.edu)
  • An effective policy approach to Britain's economic problems must start with the recognition that the principal factor holding back the British economy over both the short- and medium-term is the lack of demand. (reuters.com)
  • Soaring oil prices, the falling dollar, rising food prices, trade imbalances and a tide of protectionism have added to the broad economic woes linked to the slowing the U.S. economy, and potentially the rest of the world. (cnn.com)
  • The economic liberalization, however, is a reality yet to be brought to life since private ownership is not prevalent in the economy. (ceeol.com)
  • Of course, there is no alternative arrangement that can deliver the jobs, people and economic benefit that come from remaining members of the European Union but if the UK continues down the path of leaving the EU, it is the Prime Minister's duty to do as little harm as possible to the economy. (heart.co.uk)
  • We have a macro economic focus on sectors of the economy, like increasing consumption and business investment. (keithhennessey.com)
  • These include the response of the climate system to a radiative forcing peak, the ability of society to achieve the required emission reduction rates given political and social inertia and the possibilities to further reduce emissions of non-CO 2 gases. (springer.com)
  • Social Forecasting addresses issues that are not addressed by technological and economic forecasts. (scribd.com)
  • Introduction The term Social Forecasting is not a recent addition to business vocabulary. (scribd.com)
  • The use of social forecasting stems from recognition that social pressures are becoming an increasing determinant for the success of any organization. (scribd.com)
  • The social forecasting may not guarantee that correct decisions will be taken. (scribd.com)
  • In social forecasting we include all those environmental factors that are not currently embraced by economic or technological forecasting. (scribd.com)
  • Therefore, Social Forecasting is a term, which includes both political and legal factors in addition to social. (scribd.com)
  • technological forecasting as social forecasting as separate activities. (scribd.com)
  • The use of telecommunications in support of early warning is described in accordance with Economic and Social Council resolution 1995/47 A of 27 July 1990. (un.org)
  • 2. As countries incorporate disaster-reduction policies into their national social and economic development plans, establish effective preparedness measures and improve their response capacities, the value of timely and effective warnings in averting losses and protecting resources becomes apparent. (un.org)
  • For some time, I have criticized the prevalent practice of policy analysis with "incredible certitude," with particular attention to economic and social policy in the United States ( 1 ⇓ - 3 ). (pnas.org)
  • The techniques actually employed vary across regions and types of activity and with the economic, social, cultural, institutional, and technological characteristics of sectors, regions, and users, and their availability and usefulness changes over time. (nap.edu)
  • These efforts may include both analytic efforts to identify the climatic parameters to which particular sectors or groups are highly sensitive or vulnerable and social processes that foster continual interaction between the producers and the consumers of forecasts. (nap.edu)
  • It draws up studies and projections on economic, social and environmental policy issues and on the integration of these policies within a context of sustainable development. (plan.be)
  • IoT is renovating the traditional healthcare system with promising technical, economic and social forecasts. (springer.com)
  • This latter point is especially important: the legal instruments handed to regulators by legislators often constitute a poisoned chalice, containing a brew that includes often-contradictory economic and equity potions, a dash of economic policy, a bit of social policy (subsidise this or that favoured group), and a large portion of political self-seeking (keep prices low and service quality high). (iea.org.uk)
  • In a wide-ranging interview with the Washington Post published on Saturday, the billionaire businessman said a combination of high unemployment and an overvalued stock market had set the stage for another economic slump. (japantimes.co.jp)
  • Scotland's First Minister has accused Theresa May of a 'fundamental dereliction of duty' in failing to set out the economic impact of Brexit as the Scottish Government prepares to publish its own analysis. (heart.co.uk)
  • This was possible because the results of meteorological forecasts and warnings were communicated through a combination of advanced and traditional channels to people conversant with the preparedness plan from earlier community exercises. (un.org)
  • Additional leading examples are the official economic statistics published by federal statistical agencies, including the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA), the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), and the Census Bureau. (pnas.org)
  • The phenomenon is also widespread in economic policy analysis performed by researchers at universities and other institutions. (pnas.org)
  • Depleting forest land, severe droughts, dry borewells, and starving people and animals have affected all the eight districts of the region which is facing acute water shortage, stagnant economic activity, and consistent migration. (epw.in)
  • EIR estimates that tens of millions more square feet of vital machine-tool capacity tied to auto design, systems, and components will pass into bankruptcy and/or be scrapped, unless put to a different national economic mission. (larouchepub.com)
  • Both factors could be signaling a lower short-run neutral rate than previously forecast. (guggenheimpartners.com)
  • For one thing, there are likely to be changes in factors that go into assessing the law's costs and savings, such as new forecasts about overall health care costs and employment. (cnn.com)
  • These coping techniques shape the human consequences of climatic variations and the potential usefulness of climate forecast information. (nap.edu)
  • Nevertheless, the practical potential of seasonal-to-interannual climate forecasts to produce socially beneficial information is beginning to become apparent. (nap.edu)
  • If the party is found guilty, the baton passes to opposition leader Aecio Neves, who may be reluctant to take up the task in the current economic climate. (cnbc.com)
  • 1 Only six scenarios from three independent studies were identified that explored the possibility of reaching forcing levels below 3 W/m 2 (Azar et al. (springer.com)
  • The forecast "depends on at least some improvement in investment -- both business and housing -- and government spending. (eurekalert.org)
  • In reaching their forecast, the IU Kelley faculty noted that job creation has slowed and the decline in unemployment appears to have ended as the labor market reaches full employment. (eurekalert.org)
  • The present document is the fourth biannual progress report in which the Federal Planning Bureau (FPB) gives an account of the monitoring of the economic stimulus strategy announced by the Federal government in the summer of 2012. (plan.be)
  • It is still early days following Lula's detention and without formal charges on the table, there is a real possibility that Rousseff stays in power if no incriminating evidence comes to light. (cnbc.com)
  • The monograph she wrote sets the nuclear safety debate in the political and economic context of the collapse of the Soviet Union. (blogspot.com)