Increase, over a specific period of time, in the number of individuals living in a country or region.
The pattern of any process, or the interrelationship of phenomena, which affects growth or change within a population.
Number of individuals in a population relative to space.
Includes mechanisms or programs which control the numbers of individuals in a population of humans or animals.
The process whereby a society changes from a rural to an urban way of life. It refers also to the gradual increase in the proportion of people living in urban areas.
A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The protection, preservation, restoration, and rational use of all resources in the total environment.
The total process by which organisms produce offspring. (Stedman, 25th ed)
The branch of science concerned with the interrelationship of organisms and their ENVIRONMENT, especially as manifested by natural cycles and rhythms, community development and structure, interactions between different kinds of organisms, geographic distributions, and population alterations. (Webster's, 3d ed)
Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.
The external elements and conditions which surround, influence, and affect the life and development of an organism or population.
A family of freshwater fish of the order ESOCIFORMES, comprising the pikes, inhabiting the waters of the Northern Hemisphere. There is one genus, Esox, with five species: northern pike, grass pickerel, chain pickerel, muskellunge, and Amur pike.
The continuous sequence of changes undergone by living organisms during the post-embryonic developmental process, such as metamorphosis in insects and amphibians. This includes the developmental stages of apicomplexans such as the malarial parasite, PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM.
Non-native organisms brought into a region, habitat, or ECOSYSTEM by human activity.
The planning and managing of programs, services, and resources.
Any significant change in measures of climate (such as temperature, precipitation, or wind) lasting for an extended period (decades or longer). It may result from natural factors such as changes in the sun's intensity, natural processes within the climate system such as changes in ocean circulation, or human activities.
The study of NUTRITION PROCESSES, as well as the components of food, their actions, interaction, and balance in relation to health and disease in animals.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
The capacity to conceive or to induce conception. It may refer to either the male or female.
The total number of individuals inhabiting a particular region or area.
The sequence of transfers of matter and energy from organism to organism in the form of FOOD. Food chains intertwine locally into a food web because most organisms consume more than one type of animal or plant. PLANTS, which convert SOLAR ENERGY to food by PHOTOSYNTHESIS, are the primary food source. In a predator chain, a plant-eating animal is eaten by a larger animal. In a parasite chain, a smaller organism consumes part of a larger host and may itself be parasitized by smaller organisms. In a saprophytic chain, microorganisms live on dead organic matter.
The branch of physics which deals with the motions of material bodies, including kinematics, dynamics, and statics. When the laws of mechanics are applied to living structures, as to the locomotor system, it is referred to as BIOMECHANICAL PHENOMENA. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
A plant genus of the family PRIMULACEAE. It can cause CONTACT DERMATITIS. SAPONINS have been identified in the root.
The discipline studying genetic composition of populations and effects of factors such as GENETIC SELECTION, population size, MUTATION, migration, and GENETIC DRIFT on the frequencies of various GENOTYPES and PHENOTYPES using a variety of GENETIC TECHNIQUES.
Activities performed by humans.
The longterm manifestations of WEATHER. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
A diverse genus of minute freshwater CRUSTACEA, of the suborder CLADOCERA. They are a major food source for both young and adult freshwater fish.
A partially enclosed body of water, and its surrounding coastal habitats, where saltwater from the ocean mixes with fresh water from rivers or streams. The resulting mixture of seawater and fresh water is called brackish water and its salinity can range from 0.5 to 35 ppt. (accessed http://oceanservice.noaa.gov/education/kits/estuaries/estuaries01_whatis.html)
Mobilization of human, financial, capital, physical and or natural resources to generate goods and services.
Statistical formulations or analyses which, when applied to data and found to fit the data, are then used to verify the assumptions and parameters used in the analysis. Examples of statistical models are the linear model, binomial model, polynomial model, two-parameter model, etc.
The number of births in a given population per year or other unit of time.
The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)
The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.
Warm-blooded VERTEBRATES possessing FEATHERS and belonging to the class Aves.
An international organization whose members include most of the sovereign nations of the world with headquarters in New York City. The primary objectives of the organization are to maintain peace and security and to achieve international cooperation in solving international economic, social, cultural, or humanitarian problems.
Health care programs or services designed to assist individuals in the planning of family size. Various methods of CONTRACEPTION can be used to control the number and timing of childbirths.
The period of history before 500 of the common era.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
A common name (but used formally) for a group of organisms that are mostly kinds of algae including BACILLARIOPHYTA; OOMYCETES; PHAEOPHYCEAE; and CHRYSOPHYCEAE. They all contain CHLOROPLASTS that are thought to have been derived from the endosymbiosis of ancient RED ALGAE.
The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.
Instinctual behavior pattern in which food is obtained by killing and consuming other species.
A family of terrestrial carnivores with long snouts and non-retractable claws. Members include COYOTES; DOGS; FOXES; JACKALS; RACCOON DOGS; and WOLVES.
The prediction or projection of the nature of future problems or existing conditions based upon the extrapolation or interpretation of existing scientific data or by the application of scientific methodology.
A process by which animals in various forms and stages of development are physically distributed through time and space.
The act of feeding on plants by animals.
Techniques used to determine the age of materials, based on the content and half-lives of the RADIOACTIVE ISOTOPES they contain.
The capability of an organism to survive and reproduce. The phenotypic expression of the genotype in a particular environment determines how genetically fit an organism will be.
Processes that incorporate some element of randomness, used particularly to refer to a time series of random variables.
Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.
Any of several large carnivorous mammals of the family CANIDAE that usually hunt in packs.
A suborder of CRUSTACEA, order Diplostraca, comprising the water fleas. They are benthic filter feeders that consume PHYTOPLANKTON. The body is laterally compressed and enclosed in a bivalved carapace, from which the head extends.
Differential and non-random reproduction of different genotypes, operating to alter the gene frequencies within a population.
An order of BIRDS with the common name owls characterized by strongly hooked beaks, sharp talons, large heads, forward facing eyes, and facial disks. While considered nocturnal RAPTORS, some owls do hunt by day.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of genetic processes or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
The production and movement of food items from point of origin to use or consumption.
A family (Aphididae) of small insects, in the suborder Sternorrhyncha, that suck the juices of plants. Important genera include Schizaphis and Myzus. The latter is known to carry more than 100 virus diseases between plants.
A phylum of acoelomate, bilaterally symmetrical flatworms, without a definite anus. It includes three classes: Cestoda, Turbellaria, and Trematoda.
Places for cultivation and harvesting of fish, particularly in sea waters. (from McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
A country in Southeastern Asia, northwest of Australia in the Lesser Sunda Islands at the eastern end of the Indonesian archipelago. It includes the eastern half of the island of Timor, the Oecussi (Ambeno) region on the northwest portion of the island of Timor, and the islands of Pulau Atauro and Pulau Jaco. On May 20, 2002, East Timor was internationally recognized as an independent state. This followed its declared independence from Portugal on November 20, 1975 and a period of armed conflict with Indonesia.
**I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Wyoming" is a U.S. state and not a term used in medical definitions.**
A widely distributed order of perching BIRDS, including more than half of all bird species.
I'm sorry for any confusion, but the term "Atlantic Ocean" is a geographical term referring to one of the world's five oceans, covering approximately 20% of the Earth's surface and separating the continents of Europe and Africa to the east from those of North and South America to the west. It doesn't have a direct medical definition, as it is not a medical term.
The scientific study of past societies through artifacts, fossils, etc.
A large or important municipality of a country, usually a major metropolitan center.
The physical measurements of a body.
A group comprised of several species of aquatic carnivores in different genera, in the family Otariidae. In comparison to FUR SEALS, they have shorter, less dense hair.
The science concerned with the detection, chemical composition, and biological action of toxic substances or poisons and the treatment and prevention of toxic manifestations.
A large order of insects characterized by having the mouth parts adapted to piercing or sucking. It is comprised of four suborders: HETEROPTERA, Auchenorrhyncha, Sternorrhyncha, and Coleorrhyncha.
The science of utilization, distribution, and consumption of services and materials.
A subfamily of MURIDAE found nearly world-wide and consisting of about 20 genera. Voles, lemmings, and muskrats are members.
Woody, usually tall, perennial higher plants (Angiosperms, Gymnosperms, and some Pterophyta) having usually a main stem and numerous branches.
The number of males per 100 females.
The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
The geographical area of Africa comprising BURUNDI; DJIBOUTI; ETHIOPIA; KENYA; RWANDA; SOMALIA; SUDAN; TANZANIA; and UGANDA.
The availability of HEALTH PERSONNEL. It includes the demand and recruitment of both professional and allied health personnel, their present and future supply and distribution, and their assignment and utilization.
The fluctuation of the ALLELE FREQUENCY from one generation to the next.
An animal or plant species in danger of extinction. Causes can include human activity, changing climate, or change in predator/prey ratios.
Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Double-stranded DNA of MITOCHONDRIA. In eukaryotes, the mitochondrial GENOME is circular and codes for ribosomal RNAs, transfer RNAs, and about 10 proteins.
Slender-bodies diurnal insects having large, broad wings often strikingly colored and patterned.
The state of the ATMOSPHERE over minutes to months.
A geographic area of east and southeast Asia encompassing CHINA; HONG KONG; JAPAN; KOREA; MACAO; MONGOLIA; and TAIWAN.
Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.
INSECTS of the order Coleoptera, containing over 350,000 species in 150 families. They possess hard bodies and their mouthparts are adapted for chewing.
Periodic movements of animals in response to seasonal changes or reproductive instinct. Hormonal changes are the trigger in at least some animals. Most migrations are made for reasons of climatic change, feeding, or breeding.
The ceasing of existence of a species or taxonomic groups of organisms.
Water particles that fall from the ATMOSPHERE.
The family Cervidae of 17 genera and 45 species occurring nearly throughout North America, South America, and Eurasia, on most associated continental islands, and in northern Africa. Wild populations of deer have been established through introduction by people in Cuba, New Guinea, Australia, New Zealand, and other places where the family does not naturally occur. They are slim, long-legged and best characterized by the presence of antlers. Their habitat is forests, swamps, brush country, deserts, and arctic tundra. They are usually good swimmers; some migrate seasonally. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1362)

Evolution by small steps and rugged landscapes in the RNA virus phi6. (1/431)

Fisher's geometric model of adaptive evolution argues that adaptive evolution should generally result from the substitution of many mutations of small effect because advantageous mutations of small effect should be more common than those of large effect. However, evidence for both evolution by small steps and for Fisher's model has been mixed. Here we report supporting results from a new experimental test of the model. We subjected the bacteriophage phi6 to intensified genetic drift in small populations and caused viral fitness to decline through the accumulation of a deleterious mutation. We then propagated the mutated virus at a range of larger population sizes and allowed fitness to recover by natural selection. Although fitness declined in one large step, it was usually recovered in smaller steps. More importantly, step size during recovery was smaller with decreasing size of the recovery population. These results confirm Fisher's main prediction that advantageous mutations of small effect should be more common. We also show that the advantageous mutations of small effect are compensatory mutations whose advantage is conditional (epistatic) on the presence of the deleterious mutation, in which case the adaptive landscape of phi6 is likely to be very rugged.  (+info)

Declining survival probability threatens the North Atlantic right whale. (2/431)

The North Atlantic northern right whale (Eubalaena glacialis) is considered the most endangered large whale species. Its population has recovered only slowly since the cessation of commercial whaling and numbers about 300 individuals. We applied mark-recapture statistics to a catalog of photographically identified individuals to obtain the first statistically rigorous estimates of survival probability for this population. Crude survival decreased from about 0.99 per year in 1980 to about 0.94 in 1994. We combined this survival trend with a reported decrease in reproductive rate into a branching process model to compute population growth rate and extinction probability. Population growth rate declined from about 1. 053 in 1980 to about 0.976 in 1994. Under current conditions the population is doomed to extinction; an upper bound on the expected time to extinction is 191 years. The most effective way to improve the prospects of the population is to reduce mortality. The right whale is at risk from entanglement in fishing gear and from collisions with ships. Reducing this human-caused mortality is essential to the viability of this population.  (+info)

Awareness of and attitude of elderly subjects regarding health care and welfare in rapidly ageing population in Japan. (3/431)

OBJECTIVES: We aimed to obtain information on the degree of knowledge and understanding about the current systems of health care and welfare held by the elderly, in order to achieve comprehensiveness in family practice. METHOD: We conducted a study on the awareness of healthy elderly persons by direct interview. The study was carried out in Kuni Village in a remote mountainous region in Japan, where the elderly population accounts for 24.8% of the total population. The subjects were self-dependent in their daily living activities and were aged 65 years and older. RESULTS: The subjects' knowledge of health care and welfare systems was generally good, and the degree of their utilization of these systems was also good. But 83.3% of those who did not want to utilize the welfare system indicated their preference to depend on their family for support. CONCLUSION: Family physicians must endeavour to offer comprehensive care to their patients by including these systems for rapidly ageing communities.  (+info)

Light on population health status. (4/431)

A new approach to illustrating and analysing health status is presented which allows comparisons of various aspects of health in a population at different times and in different populations during given periods. Both quantitative and qualitative elements can be represented, the impact of interventions can be monitored, and the extent to which objectives are achieved can be assessed. The practical application of the approach is demonstrated with reference to the health profiles to Tunisia in 1966 and 1994.  (+info)

Health of the elderly in a community in transition: a survey in Thiruvananthapuram City, Kerala, India. (5/431)

Results of a survey to assess the health and functional status of the elderly (defined as those who are 60 years or older) in Thiruvananthapuram city, the capital of Kerala state, India, are discussed. As the process of development results in longevity without concomitant economic success, traditional support systems break down. The differences in status of the elderly dependent on gender and socioeconomic class are highlighted. Women are poorer and generally suffer more morbidity than men in old age, even though their death rates are lower. The better-off among the elderly enjoy a quality of life much superior to their poor brethren. Thus, in transitional societies such as Kerala, socioeconomic status and gender play a significant role in determining the quality of life of the elderly, a finding which may have some policy implications.  (+info)

Driving through: postpartum care during World War II. (6/431)

In 1996, public outcry over shortened hospital stays for new mothers and their infants led to the passage of a federal law banning "drive-through deliveries." This recent round of brief postpartum stays is not unprecedented. During World War II, a baby boom overwhelmed maternity facilities in American hospitals. Hospital births became more popular and accessible as the Emergency Maternal and Infant Care program subsidized obstetric care for servicemen's wives. Although protocols before the war had called for prolonged bed rest in the puerperium, medical theory was quickly revised as crowded hospitals were forced to discharge mothers after 24 hours. To compensate for short inpatient stays, community-based services such as visiting nursing care, postnatal homes, and prenatal classes evolved to support new mothers. Fueled by rhetoric that identified maternal-child health as a critical factor in military morale, postpartum care during the war years remained comprehensive despite short hospital stays. The wartime experience offers a model of alternatives to legislation for ensuring adequate care of postpartum women.  (+info)

The dynamics of mass migration. (7/431)

We specify a set of equations defining a dynamic model of international migration and estimate its parameters by using data specially collected in Mexico. We then used it to project the a hypothetical Mexican community population forward in time. Beginning with a stable population of 10,000 people, we project ahead 50 years under three different assumptions: no international migration; constant probabilities of in- and out-migration, and dynamic schedules of out- and in-migration that change as migratory experience accumulates. This exercise represents an attempt to model the self-feeding character of international migration noted by prior observers and theorists. Our model quantifies the mechanisms of cumulative causation predicted by social capital theory and illustrates the shortcomings of standard projection methodologies. The failure to model dynamically changing migration schedules yields a 5% overstatement of the projected size of the Mexican population after 50 years, an 11% understatement of the total number of U.S. migrants, a 15% understatement of the prevalence of U.S. migratory experience in the Mexican population, and an 85% understatement of the size of the Mexican population living in the United States.  (+info)

Food safety in the 21st century. (8/431)

The global importance of food safety is not fully appreciated by many public health authorities despite a constant increase in the prevalence of foodborne illness. Numerous devastating outbreaks of salmonellosis, cholera, enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli infections, hepatitis A and other diseases have occurred in both industrialized and developing countries. In addition, many of the re-emerging or newly recognized pathogens are foodborne or have the potential of being transmitted by food and/or drinking water. More foodborne pathogens can be expected because of changing production methods, processes, practices and habits. During the early 21st century, foodborne diseases can be expected to increase, especially in developing countries, in part because of environmental and demographic changes. These vary from climatic changes, changes in microbial and other ecological systems, to decreasing freshwater supplies. However, an even greater challenge to food safety will come from changes resulting directly in degradation of sanitation and the immediate human environment. These include the increased age of human populations, unplanned urbanization and migration and mass production of food due to population growth and changed food habits. Mass tourism and the huge international trade in food and feed is causing food and feedborne pathogens to spread transnationally. As new toxic agents are identified and new toxic effects recognized, the health and trade consequences of toxic chemicals in food will also have global implications. Meeting the huge challenge of food safety in the 21st century will require the application of new methods to identify, monitor and assess foodborne hazards. Both traditional and new technologies for assuring food safety should be improved and fully exploited. This needs to be done through legislative measures where suitable, but with much greater reliance on voluntary compliance and education of consumers and professional food handlers. This will be an important task for the primary health care system aiming at "health for all".  (+info)

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "population growth" is actually a demographic term rather than a medical one. It refers to the increase in the size of a population over time, typically due to births and immigrants exceeding deaths and emigrants. It is commonly used in discussions of societal development, resource management, and environmental impact, among other fields.

If you have any questions related to medical definitions or health-related topics, I'd be happy to help with those as well!

Population dynamics, in the context of public health and epidemiology, refers to the study of the changes in size and structure of a population over time, as well as the factors that contribute to those changes. This can include birth rates, death rates, migration patterns, aging, and other demographic characteristics. Understanding population dynamics is crucial for planning and implementing public health interventions, such as vaccination programs or disease prevention strategies, as they allow researchers and policymakers to identify vulnerable populations, predict future health trends, and evaluate the impact of public health initiatives.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "population density" is actually a term used in population geography and epidemiology, rather than medical terminology. It refers to the number of people living in a specific area or region, usually measured as the number of people per square mile or square kilometer.

However, understanding population density can be important in public health and medicine because it can influence various factors related to health outcomes and healthcare delivery, such as:

1. Disease transmission rates: Higher population densities can facilitate the spread of infectious diseases, particularly those that are transmitted through close contact between individuals.
2. Access to healthcare services: Areas with lower population density might have fewer healthcare resources and providers available, making it more challenging for residents to access necessary medical care.
3. Health disparities: Population density can contribute to health inequities, as urban areas often have better access to healthcare, education, and economic opportunities than rural areas, leading to differences in health outcomes between these populations.
4. Environmental factors: Higher population densities might lead to increased pollution, noise, and other environmental hazards that can negatively impact health.

Therefore, while "population density" is not a medical definition per se, it remains an essential concept for understanding various public health and healthcare issues.

"Population control" is not a term that is typically used in medical definitions. However, it is a concept that is often discussed in the context of public health and societal planning. In this context, population control refers to the practices and policies aimed at managing the size and growth rate of a population, with the goal of achieving a sustainable balance between population size and available resources.

Population control measures may include:

1. Family planning programs that provide access to contraception and education about reproductive health.
2. Public health initiatives that address maternal and child health, infectious diseases, and other factors that affect fertility rates.
3. Social and economic policies that promote gender equality, education, and economic opportunities for women, who often have a disproportionate impact on fertility rates.
4. In some cases, more coercive measures such as forced sterilization or abortion, which are widely considered to be unethical and violations of human rights.

It's important to note that population control is a complex and controversial issue, with many different perspectives and approaches. While some argue that managing population growth is essential for achieving sustainable development and reducing poverty, others argue that it is a violation of individual freedoms and human rights.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "urbanization" is a term that is more commonly used in the context of sociology and urban planning. It refers to the process through which rural areas become urbanized, or turned into cities, as a result of growth in population and infrastructure development.

However, if you are asking about the health implications of urbanization, then there is a field of study called "urban health" that focuses on how the urban environment impacts the physical and mental health of its inhabitants. Factors such as air pollution, noise pollution, lack of green spaces, inadequate housing, and limited access to healthy food options can all contribute to negative health outcomes in urban areas.

An "ecosystem" is not a term that has a specific medical definition, as it is a concept that is more commonly used in the fields of ecology and environmental science. However, I can provide you with the general ecological definition of an ecosystem:

An ecosystem is a community of living organisms interacting with each other and their non-living environment, including both biotic factors (plants, animals, microorganisms) and abiotic factors (climate, soil, water, and air). These interactions create a complex network of relationships that form the foundation of ecological processes, such as energy flow, nutrient cycling, and population dynamics.

While there is no direct medical definition for an ecosystem, understanding the principles of ecosystems can have important implications for human health. For example, healthy ecosystems can provide clean air and water, regulate climate, support food production, and offer opportunities for recreation and relaxation, all of which contribute to overall well-being. Conversely, degraded ecosystems can lead to increased exposure to environmental hazards, reduced access to natural resources, and heightened risks of infectious diseases. Therefore, maintaining the health and integrity of ecosystems is crucial for promoting human health and preventing disease.

The conservation of natural resources refers to the responsible use and management of natural resources, such as water, soil, minerals, forests, and wildlife, in a way that preserves their availability for future generations. This may involve measures such as reducing waste and pollution, promoting sustainable practices, protecting habitats and ecosystems, and engaging in careful planning and decision-making to ensure the long-term sustainability of these resources. The goal of conservation is to balance the needs of the present with the needs of the future, so that current and future generations can continue to benefit from the many goods and services that natural resources provide.

Reproduction, in the context of biology and medicine, refers to the process by which organisms produce offspring. It is a complex process that involves the creation, development, and growth of new individuals from parent organisms. In sexual reproduction, this process typically involves the combination of genetic material from two parents through the fusion of gametes (sex cells) such as sperm and egg cells. This results in the formation of a zygote, which then develops into a new individual with a unique genetic makeup.

In contrast, asexual reproduction does not involve the fusion of gametes and can occur through various mechanisms such as budding, fragmentation, or parthenogenesis. Asexual reproduction results in offspring that are genetically identical to the parent organism.

Reproduction is a fundamental process that ensures the survival and continuation of species over time. It is also an area of active research in fields such as reproductive medicine, where scientists and clinicians work to understand and address issues related to human fertility, contraception, and genetic disorders.

Ecology is not a medical term, but rather a term used in the field of biology. It refers to the study of the relationships between living organisms and their environment. This includes how organisms interact with each other and with their physical surroundings, such as climate, soil, and water. Ecologists may study the distribution and abundance of species, the flow of energy through an ecosystem, and the effects of human activities on the environment. While ecology is not a medical field, understanding ecological principles can be important for addressing public health issues related to the environment, such as pollution, climate change, and infectious diseases.

Demography is the statistical study of populations, particularly in terms of size, distribution, and characteristics such as age, race, gender, and occupation. In medical contexts, demography is often used to analyze health-related data and trends within specific populations. This can include studying the prevalence of certain diseases or conditions, identifying disparities in healthcare access and outcomes, and evaluating the effectiveness of public health interventions. Demographic data can also be used to inform policy decisions and allocate resources to address population health needs.

The term "environment" in a medical context generally refers to the external conditions and surroundings that can have an impact on living organisms, including humans. This includes both physical factors such as air quality, water supply, soil composition, temperature, and radiation, as well as biological factors such as the presence of microorganisms, plants, and animals.

In public health and epidemiology, the term "environmental exposure" is often used to describe the contact between an individual and a potentially harmful environmental agent, such as air pollution or contaminated water. These exposures can have significant impacts on human health, contributing to a range of diseases and disorders, including respiratory illnesses, cancer, neurological disorders, and reproductive problems.

Efforts to protect and improve the environment are therefore critical for promoting human health and preventing disease. This includes measures to reduce pollution, conserve natural resources, promote sustainable development, and mitigate the impacts of climate change.

Esocidae is a family of freshwater fish that includes pikes and muskellunge. It belongs to the order Esociformes and contains several genera such as Essox, Dallia, and Umbra. These fish are characterized by their elongated bodies, sharp teeth, and specialized diet consisting mainly of other fish. They are found in various parts of the Northern Hemisphere, particularly in North America and Eurasia. Some species of Esocidae are popular game fish due to their size and fighting ability.

'Life cycle stages' is a term used in the context of public health and medicine to describe the different stages that an organism goes through during its lifetime. This concept is particularly important in the field of epidemiology, where understanding the life cycle stages of infectious agents (such as bacteria, viruses, parasites) can help inform strategies for disease prevention and control.

The life cycle stages of an infectious agent may include various forms such as spores, cysts, trophozoites, schizonts, or vectors, among others, depending on the specific organism. Each stage may have different characteristics, such as resistance to environmental factors, susceptibility to drugs, and ability to transmit infection.

For example, the life cycle stages of the malaria parasite include sporozoites (the infective form transmitted by mosquitoes), merozoites (the form that infects red blood cells), trophozoites (the feeding stage inside red blood cells), schizonts (the replicating stage inside red blood cells), and gametocytes (the sexual stage that can be taken up by mosquitoes to continue the life cycle).

Understanding the life cycle stages of an infectious agent is critical for developing effective interventions, such as vaccines, drugs, or other control measures. For example, targeting a specific life cycle stage with a drug may prevent transmission or reduce the severity of disease. Similarly, designing a vaccine to elicit immunity against a particular life cycle stage may provide protection against infection or disease.

In the context of medical and ecological health, an "introduced species" refers to a plant or animal population that has been intentionally or unintentionally introduced by human actions into a new environment, outside of their natural historical range, where they do not have any known native predecessors. These introductions can occur through various means such as accidental transportation in cargo, deliberate releases for purposes like biological control or pets, and escapes from cultivation.

Introduced species can become invasive if they adapt well to their new environment, reproduce rapidly, outcompete native species for resources, and disrupt local ecosystems. This can lead to significant ecological changes, loss of biodiversity, impacts on human health, and economic consequences. Some introduced species carry diseases or parasites that can affect humans, livestock, and wildlife in the new environment, posing potential public health concerns.

I cannot provide a "medical definition" of "Organization and Administration" as it is not a medical term. However, I can give you an explanation of how these concepts are applied in the context of healthcare and medical organizations.

Organization and administration in healthcare refer to the planning, coordination, and management of resources, processes, and structures within a medical institution or system. This includes:

1. Organizing: The process of designing, structuring, and implementing systems, departments, and workflows that facilitate efficient and effective patient care, staff performance, and resource management. Examples include creating clinical pathways for specific conditions, establishing quality improvement committees, and defining roles and responsibilities within the organization.
2. Administration: The process of overseeing, directing, and controlling the operations and resources of a medical institution or system. This includes managing finances, human resources, information technology, and facilities to ensure high-quality patient care, regulatory compliance, and strategic goals are met. Examples include developing budgets, hiring staff, implementing policies and procedures, and monitoring performance metrics.

In summary, organization and administration in healthcare involve the design, implementation, and management of systems, processes, and structures that promote efficient, effective, and high-quality patient care within medical institutions or systems.

Climate change, as defined medically, refers to the long-term alterations in the statistical distribution of weather patterns caused by changes in the Earth's climate system. These changes can have significant impacts on human health and wellbeing.

Medical professionals are increasingly recognizing the importance of addressing climate change as a public health issue. The World Health Organization (WHO) has identified climate change as one of the greatest threats to global health in the 21st century, with potential impacts including increased heat-related mortality, more frequent and severe natural disasters, changes in the distribution of infectious diseases, and decreased food security.

Climate change can also exacerbate existing health disparities, as vulnerable populations such as children, the elderly, low-income communities, and those with chronic medical conditions are often disproportionately affected by its impacts. As a result, addressing climate change is an important public health priority, and medical professionals have a critical role to play in advocating for policies and practices that reduce greenhouse gas emissions and promote adaptation to the changing climate.

Animal nutrition sciences is a field of study that focuses on the nutritional requirements, metabolism, and digestive processes of non-human animals. It involves the application of basic scientific principles to the practice of feeding animals in order to optimize their health, growth, reproduction, and performance. This may include the study of various nutrients such as proteins, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, and minerals, as well as how they are absorbed, utilized, and excreted by different animal species. The field also encompasses the development and evaluation of animal feeds and feeding strategies, taking into account factors such as animal age, sex, weight, production stage, and environmental conditions. Overall, the goal of animal nutrition sciences is to promote sustainable and efficient animal agriculture while ensuring the health and well-being of animals.

Biological models, also known as physiological models or organismal models, are simplified representations of biological systems, processes, or mechanisms that are used to understand and explain the underlying principles and relationships. These models can be theoretical (conceptual or mathematical) or physical (such as anatomical models, cell cultures, or animal models). They are widely used in biomedical research to study various phenomena, including disease pathophysiology, drug action, and therapeutic interventions.

Examples of biological models include:

1. Mathematical models: These use mathematical equations and formulas to describe complex biological systems or processes, such as population dynamics, metabolic pathways, or gene regulation networks. They can help predict the behavior of these systems under different conditions and test hypotheses about their underlying mechanisms.
2. Cell cultures: These are collections of cells grown in a controlled environment, typically in a laboratory dish or flask. They can be used to study cellular processes, such as signal transduction, gene expression, or metabolism, and to test the effects of drugs or other treatments on these processes.
3. Animal models: These are living organisms, usually vertebrates like mice, rats, or non-human primates, that are used to study various aspects of human biology and disease. They can provide valuable insights into the pathophysiology of diseases, the mechanisms of drug action, and the safety and efficacy of new therapies.
4. Anatomical models: These are physical representations of biological structures or systems, such as plastic models of organs or tissues, that can be used for educational purposes or to plan surgical procedures. They can also serve as a basis for developing more sophisticated models, such as computer simulations or 3D-printed replicas.

Overall, biological models play a crucial role in advancing our understanding of biology and medicine, helping to identify new targets for therapeutic intervention, develop novel drugs and treatments, and improve human health.

Fertility is the natural ability to conceive or to cause conception of offspring. In humans, it is the capacity of a woman and a man to reproduce through sexual reproduction. For women, fertility usually takes place during their reproductive years, which is from adolescence until menopause. A woman's fertility depends on various factors including her age, overall health, and the health of her reproductive system.

For men, fertility can be affected by a variety of factors such as age, genetics, general health, sexual function, and environmental factors that may affect sperm production or quality. Factors that can negatively impact male fertility include exposure to certain chemicals, radiation, smoking, alcohol consumption, drug use, and sexually transmitted infections (STIs).

Infertility is a common medical condition affecting about 10-15% of couples trying to conceive. Infertility can be primary or secondary. Primary infertility refers to the inability to conceive after one year of unprotected sexual intercourse, while secondary infertility refers to the inability to conceive following a previous pregnancy.

Infertility can be treated with various medical and surgical interventions depending on the underlying cause. These may include medications to stimulate ovulation, intrauterine insemination (IUI), in vitro fertilization (IVF), or surgery to correct anatomical abnormalities.

In the context of public health and epidemiology, a population refers to a group of individuals who share common characteristics or are defined by specific boundaries and parameters. These parameters can include geographical location, age range, sex, race, ethnicity, exposure to certain risk factors, or shared health status.

The health status and trends of a population are often studied through surveillance and research to understand the determinants of health, disease patterns, and health disparities within the group. This information is then used to inform public health policies, interventions, and programs aimed at improving the overall health and well-being of the population.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but the term "food chain" is not typically used in a medical context. It is a concept from ecology that describes the sequence of organisms through which food and energy pass as one organism eats another.

However, if you're referring to "food web" or "dietary intake," these terms might be more applicable in a medical context. For instance, dietary intake refers to what and how much a person consumes, which can have significant implications for their health. A food web, on the other hand, is a more complex network of relationships between different species that consume and are consumed by others, which can help researchers understand the impacts of changes in one species' population or behavior on others within an ecosystem.

If you meant to ask about something else, please provide more context or clarify your question, and I will do my best to provide a helpful answer!

In the context of medicine, "mechanics" is not typically used as a standalone term with a widely accepted or specific definition. However, in certain areas such as biomechanics or orthopedic mechanics, it generally refers to the application of mechanical principles and laws to biological systems, tissues, or organs. This can include studying the forces, movements, and deformations that occur within these systems, as well as designing medical devices or treatments based on an understanding of these mechanical properties.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Primula" is not a medical term. It is the name of a genus of plants in the family Primulaceae, also known as primroses or cowslips. These plants have various medicinal uses in traditional herbal medicine, but "Primula" itself does not have a specific medical definition. If you have any questions about a particular medical term or concept, I'd be happy to help answer those for you!

Population Genetics is a subfield of genetics that deals with the genetic composition of populations and how this composition changes over time. It involves the study of the frequency and distribution of genes and genetic variations in populations, as well as the evolutionary forces that contribute to these patterns, such as mutation, gene flow, genetic drift, and natural selection.

Population genetics can provide insights into a wide range of topics, including the history and relationships between populations, the genetic basis of diseases and other traits, and the potential impacts of environmental changes on genetic diversity. This field is important for understanding evolutionary processes at the population level and has applications in areas such as conservation biology, medical genetics, and forensic science.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Human Activities" is a very broad term and not something that typically has a specific medical definition. Human activities can encompass everything from physical movement like exercise or daily chores, to mental activities like work or hobbies, to social interactions, and more.

However, in a medical context, human activities might be discussed in terms of their impact on health. For example, certain activities could be considered "healthy" if they contribute to physical fitness, stress reduction, or overall well-being. Conversely, other activities might be seen as "risky" or "unhealthy" if they increase the likelihood of injury or disease.

If you're looking for information on a more specific concept related to human activities and health, please provide more details so I can give a more accurate response.

Climate, in the context of environmental science and medicine, refers to the long-term average of weather conditions (such as temperature, humidity, atmospheric pressure, wind, rainfall, and other meteorological elements) in a given region over a period of years to decades. It is the statistical description of the weather patterns that occur in a particular location over long periods of time.

In medical terms, climate can have significant impacts on human health, both physical and mental. For example, extreme temperatures, air pollution, and ultraviolet radiation levels associated with certain climates can increase the risk of respiratory and cardiovascular diseases, heat-related illnesses, and skin cancer. Similarly, changes in climate patterns can affect the distribution and prevalence of infectious diseases, such as malaria and Lyme disease.

Climate change, which refers to significant long-term changes in the statistical distribution of weather patterns over periods ranging from decades to millions of years, can have even more profound impacts on human health, including increased rates of heat-related illnesses and deaths, worsening air quality, and altered transmission patterns of infectious diseases.

'Daphnia' is not a medical term, but rather it refers to a group of small, planktonic crustaceans commonly known as water fleas. They are widely distributed in various freshwater environments and play an important role in the aquatic food chain as they serve as a food source for many larger animals such as fish.

While Daphnia may not have a direct medical definition, there has been some research into their potential use in biomedical applications due to their sensitivity to environmental changes. For instance, they have been used as indicators of water quality and toxicity levels in ecotoxicological studies. However, it is important to note that Daphnia itself is not a medical term or concept.

An estuary is a semi-enclosed coastal body of water with a free connection to the open sea, within which seawater is measurably diluted with freshwater derived from land drainage. Estuaries are characterized by their unique physical properties, including a mixing zone of seawater and freshwater, as well as a distinct salinity gradient. They provide critical habitat for many species of fish, birds, and other wildlife, and perform important ecological functions such as water filtration, nutrient cycling, and storm protection. Estuaries are also economically valuable, supporting industries such as fishing, shipping, and tourism.

Economic development is a term that refers to the sustained, concerted actions of policy makers and communities that promote the standard of living and economic health of a region or nation. It is characterized by improvements in various indicators such as:

1. Increase in per capita income: This is measured as the total income of a region divided by its population. An increase in this value indicates that, on average, people are becoming wealthier.
2. Improvement in the Human Development Index (HDI): The HDI is a composite index that measures a country's average achievements in three basic aspects of human development: a long and healthy life, being knowledgeable, and having a decent standard of living.
3. Creation of employment opportunities: Economic development efforts often aim to create jobs and reduce unemployment rates.
4. Reduction in poverty rates: This is measured as the percentage of people whose income falls below a certain level, known as the poverty line.
5. Improvement in infrastructure: This includes the construction and maintenance of roads, bridges, public transportation systems, water and sewage systems, and other physical facilities that support economic activity.
6. Encouragement of entrepreneurship and innovation: Economic development policies may also aim to foster a favorable environment for the creation and growth of businesses, particularly those that are innovative and have high growth potential.
7. Promotion of exports: Increasing a region's or nation's exports can lead to economic growth, as it brings in foreign currency and creates jobs.
8. Attraction of foreign investment: Foreign investors bring capital, technology, and expertise to a region or country, which can spur economic development.
9. Sustainable development: Economic development efforts should also consider the long-term sustainability of economic activities, taking into account factors such as environmental protection and resource conservation.

Statistical models are mathematical representations that describe the relationship between variables in a given dataset. They are used to analyze and interpret data in order to make predictions or test hypotheses about a population. In the context of medicine, statistical models can be used for various purposes such as:

1. Disease risk prediction: By analyzing demographic, clinical, and genetic data using statistical models, researchers can identify factors that contribute to an individual's risk of developing certain diseases. This information can then be used to develop personalized prevention strategies or early detection methods.

2. Clinical trial design and analysis: Statistical models are essential tools for designing and analyzing clinical trials. They help determine sample size, allocate participants to treatment groups, and assess the effectiveness and safety of interventions.

3. Epidemiological studies: Researchers use statistical models to investigate the distribution and determinants of health-related events in populations. This includes studying patterns of disease transmission, evaluating public health interventions, and estimating the burden of diseases.

4. Health services research: Statistical models are employed to analyze healthcare utilization, costs, and outcomes. This helps inform decisions about resource allocation, policy development, and quality improvement initiatives.

5. Biostatistics and bioinformatics: In these fields, statistical models are used to analyze large-scale molecular data (e.g., genomics, proteomics) to understand biological processes and identify potential therapeutic targets.

In summary, statistical models in medicine provide a framework for understanding complex relationships between variables and making informed decisions based on data-driven insights.

The birth rate is the number of live births that occur in a population during a specific period, usually calculated as the number of live births per 1,000 people per year. It is an important demographic indicator used to measure the growth or decline of a population over time. A higher birth rate indicates a younger population and faster population growth, while a lower birth rate suggests an older population and slower growth.

The birth rate can be affected by various factors, including socioeconomic conditions, cultural attitudes towards childbearing, access to healthcare services, and government policies related to family planning and reproductive health. It is also influenced by the age structure of the population, as women in their reproductive years (typically ages 15-49) are more likely to give birth.

It's worth noting that while the birth rate is an important indicator of population growth, it does not provide a complete picture of fertility rates or demographic trends. Other measures, such as the total fertility rate (TFR), which estimates the average number of children a woman would have during her reproductive years, are also used to analyze fertility patterns and population dynamics.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "geography" is not a term that has a medical definition. Geography is a field of study that deals with the location and distribution of physical and cultural features on Earth's surface, as well as how humans interact with and affect those features. It is not a concept that is typically used in a medical context. If you have any questions related to medicine or healthcare, I would be happy to try to help answer them for you!

Biological evolution is the change in the genetic composition of populations of organisms over time, from one generation to the next. It is a process that results in descendants differing genetically from their ancestors. Biological evolution can be driven by several mechanisms, including natural selection, genetic drift, gene flow, and mutation. These processes can lead to changes in the frequency of alleles (variants of a gene) within populations, resulting in the development of new species and the extinction of others over long periods of time. Biological evolution provides a unifying explanation for the diversity of life on Earth and is supported by extensive evidence from many different fields of science, including genetics, paleontology, comparative anatomy, and biogeography.

I am not aware of a medical definition for the term "birds." Birds are a group of warm-blooded vertebrates constituting the class Aves, characterized by feathers, toothless beaked jaws, the laying of hard-shelled eggs, and lightweight but strong skeletons. Some birds, such as pigeons and chickens, have been used in medical research, but the term "birds" itself does not have a specific medical definition.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but the term "United Nations" is a political and international organization, not a medical concept or term. The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization that was established on October 24, 1945, to promote international cooperation and prevent conflicts. It is headquartered in New York City, and its member states work together to address various global issues, such as peace and security, climate change, human rights, and sustainable development.

If you have any questions related to medical terminology or health-related topics, I would be happy to help!

Family planning services refer to comprehensive healthcare programs and interventions that aim to help individuals and couples prevent or achieve pregnancies, according to their desired number and spacing of children. These services typically include:

1. Counseling and education: Providing information about various contraceptive methods, their effectiveness, side effects, and appropriate use. This may also include counseling on reproductive health, sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and preconception care.
2. Contraceptive services: Making a wide range of contraceptive options available to clients, including barrier methods (condoms, diaphragms), hormonal methods (pills, patches, injectables, implants), intrauterine devices (IUDs), and permanent methods (tubal ligation, vasectomy).
3. Screening and testing: Offering STI screening and testing, as well as cervical cancer screening for eligible clients.
4. Preconception care: Providing counseling and interventions to help women achieve optimal health before becoming pregnant, including folic acid supplementation, management of chronic conditions, and avoidance of harmful substances (tobacco, alcohol, drugs).
5. Fertility services: Addressing infertility issues through diagnostic testing, counseling, and medical or surgical treatments when appropriate.
6. Menstrual regulation: Providing manual vacuum aspiration or medication to safely and effectively manage incomplete miscarriages or unwanted pregnancies within the first trimester.
7. Pregnancy options counseling: Offering unbiased information and support to help individuals make informed decisions about their pregnancy, including parenting, adoption, or abortion.
8. Community outreach and education: Engaging in community-based initiatives to increase awareness of family planning services and promote reproductive health.
9. Advocacy: Working to remove barriers to accessing family planning services, such as policy changes, reducing stigma, and increasing funding for programs.

Family planning services are an essential component of sexual and reproductive healthcare and contribute significantly to improving maternal and child health outcomes, reducing unintended pregnancies, and empowering individuals to make informed choices about their reproductive lives.

I'm not a medical professional, but the term "History, Ancient" is not a medical term per se. However, in a broader context, it could refer to the study of ancient medical practices, theories, and beliefs that existed in civilizations prior to the Middle Ages or Classical Antiquity. This might include the examination of ancient texts, artifacts, and archaeological evidence to understand how illnesses were treated and viewed in these historical periods. It forms an essential part of the evolution of medical knowledge and practices over time.

The term "Theoretical Models" is used in various scientific fields, including medicine, to describe a representation of a complex system or phenomenon. It is a simplified framework that explains how different components of the system interact with each other and how they contribute to the overall behavior of the system. Theoretical models are often used in medical research to understand and predict the outcomes of diseases, treatments, or public health interventions.

A theoretical model can take many forms, such as mathematical equations, computer simulations, or conceptual diagrams. It is based on a set of assumptions and hypotheses about the underlying mechanisms that drive the system. By manipulating these variables and observing the effects on the model's output, researchers can test their assumptions and generate new insights into the system's behavior.

Theoretical models are useful for medical research because they allow scientists to explore complex systems in a controlled and systematic way. They can help identify key drivers of disease or treatment outcomes, inform the design of clinical trials, and guide the development of new interventions. However, it is important to recognize that theoretical models are simplifications of reality and may not capture all the nuances and complexities of real-world systems. Therefore, they should be used in conjunction with other forms of evidence, such as experimental data and observational studies, to inform medical decision-making.

Stramenopiles is a group of primarily heterotrophic (i.e., organisms that obtain nutrition by consuming other organisms) eukaryotic microorganisms, including many algae and some parasites. The name "Stramenopiles" comes from the Latin words "stria" meaning "stripe" and "pilus" meaning "hair," which refer to the unique structure of their flagella (whip-like structures used for movement).

Members of this group have two distinct types of flagella, one with tripartite hairs (tinsel flagellum) and the other with smooth or finely haired surfaces (whiplash flagellum). Stramenopiles include a diverse range of organisms such as diatoms, brown algae, golden algae, water molds, and oomycetes.

Some stramenopiles are unicellular and exist as free-living plankton in aquatic environments, while others form complex multicellular structures and can be found in both freshwater and marine ecosystems. Some stramenopiles have evolved to become parasites or pathogens of plants, animals, and other microorganisms.

It is worth noting that the taxonomy and classification of Stramenopiles are still subjects of ongoing research and debate among scientists.

I apologize for any confusion, but "agriculture" is not a term that has a medical definition. Agriculture refers to the cultivation and breeding of animals, plants, and fungi for food, fiber, biofuel, medicinal plants, and other products used to sustain and enhance human life. It is an important industry and practice that has been developed over thousands of years and continues to play a critical role in global food production and security.

In the context of mental health and psychology, "predatory behavior" is not a term that is commonly used as a medical diagnosis or condition. However, it generally refers to aggressive or exploitative behavior towards others with the intention of taking advantage of them for personal gain or pleasure. This could include various types of harmful behaviors such as sexual harassment, assault, stalking, bullying, or financial exploitation.

In some cases, predatory behavior may be associated with certain mental health conditions, such as antisocial personality disorder or psychopathy, which are characterized by a disregard for the rights and feelings of others. However, it's important to note that not all individuals who engage in predatory behavior have a mental health condition, and many people who do may not necessarily exhibit these behaviors.

If you or someone else is experiencing harm or exploitation, it's important to seek help from a trusted authority figure, such as a healthcare provider, law enforcement officer, or social worker.

Canidae is a biological family that includes dogs, wolves, foxes, and other members of the canine group. Canids are characterized by their long legs, narrow snouts, and sharp teeth adapted for hunting. They are generally social animals, often living in packs with complex hierarchies. Many species are known for their endurance and speed, as well as their strong sense of smell and hearing. Some members of this family are domesticated, such as dogs, while others remain wild and are sometimes kept as pets or used for hunting.

"Forecasting" is not a term that has a specific medical definition. It is a general term used in various fields, including finance, economics, and meteorology, to describe the process of making predictions or estimates about future events or trends based on historical data, trends, and other relevant factors. In healthcare and public health, forecasting may be used to predict the spread of diseases, identify potential shortages of resources such as hospital beds or medical equipment, or plan for future health care needs. However, there is no medical definition for "forecasting" itself.

I'm not a medical professional, but I can tell you that the term "animal distribution" is not typically used in medical definitions. It is more commonly used in ecology and wildlife biology to refer to the pattern or manner in which animals are spatially arranged or distributed in their environment. If you have any concerns related to health or medicine, it would be best to consult a healthcare professional for accurate information.

Herbivory is not a medical term, but rather a term used in biology and ecology. It refers to the practice of consuming plants or plant matter for food. Herbivores are animals that eat only plants, and their diet can include leaves, stems, roots, flowers, fruits, seeds, and other parts of plants.

While herbivory is not a medical term, it is still relevant to the field of medicine in certain contexts. For example, understanding the diets and behaviors of herbivores can help inform public health initiatives related to food safety and disease transmission. Additionally, research on herbivory has contributed to our understanding of the evolution of plant-animal interactions and the development of ecosystems.

Radiometric dating is a method used to determine the age of objects, including rocks and other fossilized materials, based on the decay rates of radioactive isotopes. This technique relies on the fact that certain elements, such as carbon-14, potassium-40, and uranium-238, are unstable and gradually decay into different elements over time.

By measuring the ratio of the remaining radioactive isotope to the stable end product, scientists can calculate the age of a sample using the following formula:

age = (ln(Nf/N0)) / λ

where Nf is the number of atoms of the decayed isotope, N0 is the initial number of atoms of the radioactive isotope, and λ is the decay constant.

Radiometric dating has been used to date objects ranging from a few thousand years old to billions of years old, making it an essential tool for archaeologists, geologists, and other scientists who study the history of our planet.

Genetic fitness is a term used in the field of genetics and evolutionary biology to describe the ability of an individual organism to survive and reproduce, passing its genes on to the next generation. An organism that is highly genetically fit has a greater likelihood of producing offspring that will also survive and reproduce, thereby ensuring the survival of its genetic traits in the population.

In the context of human genetics, genetic fitness may refer to the ability of an individual to pass on their genes to future generations due to certain genetic traits or characteristics that enhance their chances of survival and reproduction. However, it is important to note that the concept of "fitness" in this context does not necessarily imply superiority or inferiority, but rather a measure of reproductive success.

It's also worth noting that genetic fitness can be influenced by various factors such as environmental conditions, cultural practices, and social structures, which can all interact with an individual's genetic traits to affect their overall fitness.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Stochastic Processes" is actually a term from the field of mathematics, specifically probability theory and statistics. It doesn't have a direct medical definition.

However, to provide some context that might be relevant if you're studying a medical field with a strong statistical component: A stochastic process is a mathematical model used to describe random systems that evolve over time. It consists of a set of random variables indexed by time or some other parameter. The values of these variables at different times or parameters are not independent, but rather depend on each other in ways described by probability distributions.

In medical research, stochastic processes might be used to model the spread of a disease through a population over time, or the changing health status of an individual patient over the course of their treatment. However, it's important to note that this is a high-level overview and the specific use of stochastic processes in medical research would depend on the particular application.

Genetic variation refers to the differences in DNA sequences among individuals and populations. These variations can result from mutations, genetic recombination, or gene flow between populations. Genetic variation is essential for evolution by providing the raw material upon which natural selection acts. It can occur within a single gene, between different genes, or at larger scales, such as differences in the number of chromosomes or entire sets of chromosomes. The study of genetic variation is crucial in understanding the genetic basis of diseases and traits, as well as the evolutionary history and relationships among species.

I believe there may be some confusion in your question. "Wolves" are not a medical term, but rather they refer to a large canine species. If you're asking about a medical condition that might be referred to as "wolf," the closest possible term I could find is "wolfian development." This term refers to the development of structures in the human body that originate from the wolfian ducts during embryonic development, such as the epididymis, vas deferens, and seminal vesicles in males. However, I want to emphasize that this is not a common medical term and might not be what you're looking for.

Cladocera is a order of small, freshwater crustaceans that are characterized by their compound eyes and leaf-like appendages. They are also known as water fleas due to their jumping motion in the water. Cladocerans are an important part of the aquatic food chain, serving as a food source for larger animals such as fish. They are often used as bioindicators of water quality due to their sensitivity to environmental changes.

Genetic selection, also known as natural selection, is a fundamental mechanism of evolution. It refers to the process by which certain heritable traits become more or less common in a population over successive generations due to differential reproduction of organisms with those traits.

In genetic selection, traits that increase an individual's fitness (its ability to survive and reproduce) are more likely to be passed on to the next generation, while traits that decrease fitness are less likely to be passed on. This results in a gradual change in the distribution of traits within a population over time, leading to adaptation to the environment and potentially speciation.

Genetic selection can occur through various mechanisms, including viability selection (differential survival), fecundity selection (differences in reproductive success), and sexual selection (choices made by individuals during mating). The process of genetic selection is driven by environmental pressures, such as predation, competition for resources, and changes in the availability of food or habitat.

Strigiformes is a biological order that consists of around 200 extant species of birds, more commonly known as owls. This group is placed within the class Aves and is part of the superorder Coraciiformes. The Strigiformes are divided into two families: Tytonidae, also known as barn-owls, and Strigidae, which includes typical owls.

Owls are characterized by their unique morphological features, such as large heads, forward-facing eyes, short hooked beaks, and strong talons for hunting. They have specialized adaptations that allow them to be nocturnal predators, including excellent night vision and highly developed hearing abilities. Owls primarily feed on small mammals, birds, insects, and other creatures, depending on their size and habitat.

The medical community may not directly use the term 'Strigiformes' in a clinical setting. However, understanding the ecological roles of various animal groups, including Strigiformes, can help inform public health initiatives and disease surveillance efforts. For example, owls play an essential role in controlling rodent populations, which can have implications for human health by reducing the risk of diseases spread by these animals.

Genetic models are theoretical frameworks used in genetics to describe and explain the inheritance patterns and genetic architecture of traits, diseases, or phenomena. These models are based on mathematical equations and statistical methods that incorporate information about gene frequencies, modes of inheritance, and the effects of environmental factors. They can be used to predict the probability of certain genetic outcomes, to understand the genetic basis of complex traits, and to inform medical management and treatment decisions.

There are several types of genetic models, including:

1. Mendelian models: These models describe the inheritance patterns of simple genetic traits that follow Mendel's laws of segregation and independent assortment. Examples include autosomal dominant, autosomal recessive, and X-linked inheritance.
2. Complex trait models: These models describe the inheritance patterns of complex traits that are influenced by multiple genes and environmental factors. Examples include heart disease, diabetes, and cancer.
3. Population genetics models: These models describe the distribution and frequency of genetic variants within populations over time. They can be used to study evolutionary processes, such as natural selection and genetic drift.
4. Quantitative genetics models: These models describe the relationship between genetic variation and phenotypic variation in continuous traits, such as height or IQ. They can be used to estimate heritability and to identify quantitative trait loci (QTLs) that contribute to trait variation.
5. Statistical genetics models: These models use statistical methods to analyze genetic data and infer the presence of genetic associations or linkage. They can be used to identify genetic risk factors for diseases or traits.

Overall, genetic models are essential tools in genetics research and medical genetics, as they allow researchers to make predictions about genetic outcomes, test hypotheses about the genetic basis of traits and diseases, and develop strategies for prevention, diagnosis, and treatment.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Food Supply" is not a term that has a specific medical definition. It is a more general term related to the availability and distribution of food. However, in a broader public health context, "food supply" can refer to the overall system and infrastructure that provides food to a population, including agricultural practices, food processing, distribution, and accessibility. Ensuring a safe and adequate food supply is an important aspect of public health and preventive medicine.

Aphids, also known as plant lice, are small sap-sucking insects that belong to the superfamily Aphidoidea in the order Hemiptera. They are soft-bodied and pear-shaped, with most species measuring less than 1/8 inch (3 millimeters) long.

Aphids feed on a wide variety of plants by inserting their needle-like mouthparts into the plant's vascular system to extract phloem sap. This feeding can cause stunted growth, yellowing, curling, or distortion of leaves and flowers, and may even lead to the death of the plant in severe infestations.

Aphids reproduce rapidly and can produce several generations per year. Many species give birth to live young (nymphs) rather than laying eggs, which allows them to increase their population numbers quickly. Aphids also have a complex life cycle that may involve sexual reproduction, parthenogenesis (reproduction without fertilization), and winged or wingless forms.

Aphids are an important pest in agriculture and horticulture, causing significant damage to crops and ornamental plants. They can also transmit plant viruses and produce honeydew, a sticky substance that attracts ants and supports the growth of sooty mold fungi.

Controlling aphids may involve cultural practices such as pruning, watering, and removing weeds; biological control using natural enemies such as lady beetles, lacewings, and parasitic wasps; or chemical control using insecticides.

Platyhelminths, also known as flatworms, are a phylum of invertebrate animals that includes free-living and parasitic forms. They are characterized by their soft, flat bodies, which lack a body cavity or circulatory system. The phylum Platyhelminthes is divided into several classes, including Turbellaria (free-living flatworms), Monogenea (ectoparasites on fish gills and skin), Trematoda (flukes, parasites in mollusks and vertebrates), and Cestoda (tapeworms, intestinal parasites of vertebrates). Platyhelminths are bilaterally symmetrical, triploblastic, and unsegmented. They have a simple digestive system that consists of a mouth and a gut, but no anus. The nervous system is characterized by a brain and a ladder-like series of nerve cords running along the length of the body. Reproduction in platyhelminths can be either sexual or asexual, depending on the species.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Fisheries" is not a term typically used in medical definitions. Fisheries are places or practices concerned with the catching, processing, or selling of fish, shellfish, and other forms of aquatic life. They can refer to commercial operations, recreational activities, or scientific research related to aquatic species. If you have any questions about medical terminology or concepts, I'd be happy to help answer those for you!

East Timor, also known as Timor-Leste, is a country located in Southeast Asia and Oceania. It is situated on the eastern half of the island of Timor, with the western half being part of Indonesia. East Timor became an independent nation in 2002 after a long period of colonization by Portugal and a violent struggle for independence from Indonesia. The country has faced significant challenges in its development, including poverty, unemployment, and lack of infrastructure.

In medical terms, there may not be specific definitions related solely to East Timor. However, like any other country, health issues and concerns can arise within the population that would be relevant to discuss in a medical context. These could include infectious diseases prevalent in the region, nutritional deficiencies, maternal and child health, access to healthcare services, and environmental health factors, among others.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Wyoming" is not a medical term or condition. It is the name of a state, the 44th state to be admitted into the United States of America. Wyoming is located in the western part of the country and is known for its natural beauty, including Yellowstone National Park, which is partially located within its borders. If you have any questions about medical terms or conditions, I'd be happy to try to help answer those for you!

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Passeriformes" is not a medical term. It is a taxonomic category in biology, specifically an order of birds that includes over half of all bird species. Passeriformes are often referred to as perching birds or songbirds because many of them have specialized feet for perching on branches and a wide variety of vocalization capabilities. Examples of Passeriformes include sparrows, finches, robins, and crows.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but the term "Atlantic Ocean" is a geographical term referring to one of the five oceans on Earth. It doesn't have a medical definition. The Atlantic Ocean is the second largest ocean, covering approximately 20% of the Earth's surface. It stretches from the Arctic Ocean in the north to the Southern Ocean (or, alternatively, to the Antarctica region) in the south, and is bounded by the Americas to the west and Europe and Africa to the east.

I believe you may have made a typo in your question. "Archaeology" is the scientific study of past human cultures and societies through the recovery, examination, and analysis of material remains such as artifacts, buildings, biofacts (e.g., bones, shells), and cultural landscapes. It is not typically associated with medical definitions. If you intended to ask for a different term related to medicine or healthcare, please let me know so I can provide the correct information.

For more information about archaeology, you may be interested in visiting the World Archaeological Congress () or the Society for American Archaeology () websites to learn more about this fascinating field of study.

I believe there may be a misunderstanding in your question. "Cities" is not a medical term or concept, but rather a geographical and sociopolitical one referring to large, densely populated urban areas. If you're looking for information about health-related topics associated with cities, I would be happy to help! For example, there are many public health issues that are closely linked to city living, such as air pollution, infectious diseases, and chronic conditions like obesity and heart disease. Please let me know if you have any specific questions in mind!

"Body size" is a general term that refers to the overall physical dimensions and proportions of an individual's body. It can encompass various measurements, including height, weight, waist circumference, hip circumference, blood pressure, and other anthropometric measures.

In medical and public health contexts, body size is often used to assess health status, risk factors for chronic diseases, and overall well-being. For example, a high body mass index (BMI) may indicate excess body fat and increase the risk of conditions such as diabetes, hypertension, and cardiovascular disease. Similarly, a large waist circumference or high blood pressure may also be indicators of increased health risks.

It's important to note that body size is just one aspect of health and should not be used as the sole indicator of an individual's overall well-being. A holistic approach to health that considers multiple factors, including diet, physical activity, mental health, and social determinants of health, is essential for promoting optimal health outcomes.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Sea Lions" are not a medical term or condition. Sea lions are marine mammals belonging to the family Otariidae, which also includes fur seals. They are characterized by their external ear flaps, robust bodies, and strong foreflippers which they use for movement both in water and on land.

If you're looking for medical definitions or information, I'd be happy to help with that as well. Could you please clarify your question?

Toxicology is a branch of medical science that deals with the study of the adverse effects of chemicals or toxins on living organisms and the environment, including their detection, evaluation, prevention, and treatment. It involves understanding how various substances can cause harm, the doses at which they become toxic, and the factors that influence their toxicity. This field is crucial in areas such as public health, medicine, pharmacology, environmental science, and forensic investigations.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Hemiptera" is not a medical term. It is a taxonomic order in the classification of living things, also known as "true bugs." This group includes species such as cicadas, aphids, and bedbugs. If you have a medical term in mind, please provide it so I can give you an accurate definition.

Economics is a social science that studies how individuals, businesses, governments, and societies make choices on allocating resources to satisfy their unlimited wants. It primarily focuses on the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services.

In healthcare, economics is often referred to as "health economics," which applies economic theory and methods to analyze health care markets, evaluate alternative health policies, and optimize resource allocation in the healthcare sector. Health economists study issues such as the cost-effectiveness of medical treatments, the impact of health insurance on access to care, and the efficiency of different healthcare delivery systems.

Understanding economics is crucial for making informed decisions about healthcare policy, resource allocation, and patient care. By analyzing data and applying economic principles, healthcare professionals can help ensure that resources are used efficiently and effectively to improve health outcomes and reduce costs.

Arvicolinae is a subfamily of rodents that includes voles, lemmings, and muskrats. These small mammals are characterized by their short legs, rounded bodies, and short tails. They are primarily found in the northern hemisphere, with the majority of species living in North America and Eurasia.

Arvicolines are known for their high reproductive rate and ability to survive in a variety of habitats, including grasslands, forests, tundra, and wetlands. They have a unique set of teeth called hypsodont teeth, which continue to grow throughout their lives. This adaptation allows them to wear down their teeth as they gnaw on tough plant material.

Many arvicoline species are important prey animals for larger predators, such as hawks, owls, and foxes. Some species, like the muskrat, are also hunted by humans for their fur or meat. In recent years, some arvicoline populations have experienced dramatic fluctuations in size due to changes in their habitats and food supplies, leading to concerns about their conservation status.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "trees" is not a medical term. It is a common term used in various fields, including biology, ecology, and dendrology, to refer to a woody perennial plant with a single stem or trunk that supports branches and leaves in most species.

If you have any questions related to medical terminology or health-related topics, please provide more context so I can offer an accurate and helpful response.

The sex ratio is not a medical term per se, but it is a term used in demography and population health. The sex ratio is the ratio of males to females in a given population. It is typically expressed as the number of males for every 100 females. A sex ratio of 100 would indicate an equal number of males and females.

In the context of human populations, the sex ratio at birth is usually around 103-107 males per 100 females, reflecting a slightly higher likelihood of male births. However, due to biological factors such as higher male mortality rates in infancy and childhood, as well as social and behavioral factors, the sex ratio tends to equalize over time and can even shift in favor of women in older age groups.

It's worth noting that significant deviations from the expected sex ratio at birth or in a population can indicate underlying health issues or societal problems. For example, skewed sex ratios may be associated with gender discrimination, selective abortion of female fetuses, or exposure to environmental toxins that affect male reproductive health.

Species specificity is a term used in the field of biology, including medicine, to refer to the characteristic of a biological entity (such as a virus, bacterium, or other microorganism) that allows it to interact exclusively or preferentially with a particular species. This means that the biological entity has a strong affinity for, or is only able to infect, a specific host species.

For example, HIV is specifically adapted to infect human cells and does not typically infect other animal species. Similarly, some bacterial toxins are species-specific and can only affect certain types of animals or humans. This concept is important in understanding the transmission dynamics and host range of various pathogens, as well as in developing targeted therapies and vaccines.

"Eastern Africa" is a geographical term used to describe the eastern portion of the African continent. The United Nations defines Eastern Africa as consisting of the following countries: Burundi, Comoros, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Réunion, Rwanda, Seychelles, Somalia, South Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.

In a medical context, "Eastern Africa" may be used to describe the epidemiology, distribution, or prevalence of various diseases or health conditions in this region. However, it is important to note that there can be significant variation in health outcomes and healthcare systems within Eastern Africa due to factors such as socioeconomic status, infrastructure, and cultural practices. Therefore, any medical definition of "Eastern Africa" should be used with caution and may require further qualification or specification depending on the context.

"Health manpower" is a term that refers to the number and type of healthcare professionals (such as doctors, nurses, allied health professionals, and support staff) who are available to provide healthcare services in a particular area or system. It's an important consideration in healthcare planning and policy, as the availability and distribution of health manpower can have a significant impact on access to care, quality of care, and health outcomes.

Therefore, medical definition of 'Health Manpower' could be: "The composition and distribution of healthcare professionals who are available to deliver healthcare services, including their skills, training, and experience. Health manpower is an essential component of healthcare systems and is influenced by factors such as population needs, workforce supply, and government policies."

Genetic drift is a mechanism of evolution that causes changes in the frequency of alleles (versions of a gene) in a population due to random sampling. It occurs when the sample size is small, and therefore the genetic variation may not reflect the population's genetic diversity as a whole. This can lead to the loss of certain alleles and an increase in others, even if those alleles are not necessarily advantageous or disadvantageous. Genetic drift can be a significant factor in shaping the genetic composition of small, isolated populations and can result in the fixation (complete loss or gain) of particular alleles over time.

An endangered species is a species of animal, plant, or other organism that is at risk of becoming extinct because its population is declining or threatened by changing environmental or demographic factors. This term is defined and used in the context of conservation biology and wildlife management to identify species that need protection and preservation efforts.

The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) maintains a "Red List" of species, categorizing them based on their extinction risk. The categories include "Critically Endangered," "Endangered," "Vulnerable," and "Near Threatened." A species is considered endangered if it meets certain criteria indicating that it faces a very high risk of extinction in the wild.

The primary causes for species to become endangered include habitat loss, fragmentation, degradation, pollution, climate change, overexploitation, and introduction of invasive species. Conservation efforts often focus on protecting habitats, managing threats, and implementing recovery programs to help endangered species recover their populations and reduce the risk of extinction.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "seasons" is not a term that has a medical definition. Seasons refer to the four divisions of the year (spring, summer, autumn or fall, and winter) based on the position of the earth in its orbit around the sun. If you have any questions related to health or medicine, I'd be happy to try to help answer those!

Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) is the genetic material present in the mitochondria, which are specialized structures within cells that generate energy. Unlike nuclear DNA, which is present in the cell nucleus and inherited from both parents, mtDNA is inherited solely from the mother.

MtDNA is a circular molecule that contains 37 genes, including 13 genes that encode for proteins involved in oxidative phosphorylation, a process that generates energy in the form of ATP. The remaining genes encode for rRNAs and tRNAs, which are necessary for protein synthesis within the mitochondria.

Mutations in mtDNA can lead to a variety of genetic disorders, including mitochondrial diseases, which can affect any organ system in the body. These mutations can also be used in forensic science to identify individuals and establish biological relationships.

"Butterflies" is not a medical term, but rather a colloquial or informal term that is often used to describe a feeling of nervousness or excitement in the stomach. It is thought to be due to the release of adrenaline and the increased heart rate and breathing that can occur when someone is anxious or excited. The sensation may be caused by the contraction of the muscles in the stomach, which can feel like fluttering or flips. This feeling is not a medical condition and does not typically require treatment, but if it is severe or persistent, it may be helpful to speak with a healthcare provider to address any underlying anxiety or stress.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "weather" is not a medical term. Weather refers to the state of the atmosphere at a particular place and time, including factors such as temperature, humidity, cloudiness, precipitation, and wind. If you have any questions about medical terms or concepts, I would be happy to try to help answer those for you!

The term "Far East" is a geographical term that has been used historically to describe the easternmost part of Asia, including countries such as China, Japan, Korea, and Southeast Asian nations. However, it's important to note that the use of this term can be seen as outdated and culturally insensitive, as it originated during a time when Western powers viewed these regions as distant and exotic.

In medical contexts, "Far East" may be used to describe medical conditions or treatments specific to populations in this region. However, it is generally more appropriate to use the specific names of countries or regions when discussing medical issues related to these areas.

A computer simulation is a process that involves creating a model of a real-world system or phenomenon on a computer and then using that model to run experiments and make predictions about how the system will behave under different conditions. In the medical field, computer simulations are used for a variety of purposes, including:

1. Training and education: Computer simulations can be used to create realistic virtual environments where medical students and professionals can practice their skills and learn new procedures without risk to actual patients. For example, surgeons may use simulation software to practice complex surgical techniques before performing them on real patients.
2. Research and development: Computer simulations can help medical researchers study the behavior of biological systems at a level of detail that would be difficult or impossible to achieve through experimental methods alone. By creating detailed models of cells, tissues, organs, or even entire organisms, researchers can use simulation software to explore how these systems function and how they respond to different stimuli.
3. Drug discovery and development: Computer simulations are an essential tool in modern drug discovery and development. By modeling the behavior of drugs at a molecular level, researchers can predict how they will interact with their targets in the body and identify potential side effects or toxicities. This information can help guide the design of new drugs and reduce the need for expensive and time-consuming clinical trials.
4. Personalized medicine: Computer simulations can be used to create personalized models of individual patients based on their unique genetic, physiological, and environmental characteristics. These models can then be used to predict how a patient will respond to different treatments and identify the most effective therapy for their specific condition.

Overall, computer simulations are a powerful tool in modern medicine, enabling researchers and clinicians to study complex systems and make predictions about how they will behave under a wide range of conditions. By providing insights into the behavior of biological systems at a level of detail that would be difficult or impossible to achieve through experimental methods alone, computer simulations are helping to advance our understanding of human health and disease.

"Beetles" is not a medical term. It is a common name used to refer to insects belonging to the order Coleoptera, which is one of the largest orders in the class Insecta. Beetles are characterized by their hardened forewings, known as elytra, which protect their hind wings and body when not in use for flying.

There are many different species of beetles found all over the world, and some can have an impact on human health. For example, certain types of beetles, such as bed bugs and carpet beetles, can cause skin irritation and allergic reactions in some people. Other beetles, like the Colorado potato beetle, can damage crops and lead to economic losses for farmers. However, it is important to note that most beetles are not harmful to humans and play an essential role in ecosystems as decomposers and pollinators.

Animal migration is a seasonal movement of animals from one place to another, typically over long distances, to find food, reproduce, or escape harsh conditions. This phenomenon is observed in various species, including birds, mammals, fish, and insects. The routes and destinations of these migrations are often genetically programmed and can be quite complex. Animal migration has important ecological consequences and is influenced by factors such as climate change, habitat loss, and human activities.

"Extinction, Biological" refers to the state or process of a species or taxonomic group becoming extinct, meaning that there are no surviving members remaining alive anywhere in the world. This can occur due to various factors such as environmental changes, competition with other species, overexploitation by humans, or a combination of these and other elements. It is an important concept in the field of biology and conservation, as the extinction of a species can have significant impacts on ecosystems and biodiversity.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "rain" is not a medical term. In general, rain refers to water droplets that fall from the sky as part of the Earth's weather cycle. These drops form when moisture in the air condenses and cools, creating clouds which eventually become heavy enough to release the collected water.

If you have any medical concerns or questions, I'd be happy to try and help answer those for you!

I apologize for any confusion, but "deer" is not a medical term. It is a common name used to refer to various species of hooved mammals belonging to the family Cervidae. If you have any questions about medical terminology or health-related topics, I would be happy to help answer them.

"Population Growth and the Food Supply". Population Institute of Canada. "World population growth and trends 1950-2050". US ... Population growth is the increase in the number of people in a population or dispersed group. Actual global human population ... population) Population decline Population density World population Estimates of historical world population "Absolute increase ... Others have challenged many recent population projections as having underestimated population growth. World human population ...
"Negative Population Growth". Npg.org. Archived from the original on 2011-11-23. Retrieved 2011-12-06. "What is NPG?". Npg.org. ... Negative Population Growth is an anti-immigration organization in the United States, founded in 1972. NPG works on ... NPG believes the optimal population for the United States is 150 to 200 million and that the optimal world population is two to ... Agriculture and population limits Criticisms of globalization List of population concern organizations Malthusian catastrophe ...
... is the population growth of Muslims worldwide. Between 2015 and 2060, Muslim population is projected ... By contrast, China's Christian population growth has been estimated at 4.7% based on total population figures from the year ... Christian population growth Growth of religion Islam by country Islamic Missionary Activity List of converts to Islam List of ... India had the second or third largest population of Muslims. In China, Muslim population growth has been estimated to be as ...
"World Population Prospects 2019, Population Data, File: Total Population Both Sexes, Medium Variant". United Nations Population ... "World Population Prospects 2019, Population Data, File: Total Population Both Sexes". United Nations Population Division. 2019 ... even though the population growth is likely to be smaller than it would be from natural population increase. Zero population ... Population growth rate = (20,800 ÷ 1,000,000) x 100% = 2.1% Zero population growth for a country occurs when the sum of these ...
... is the population growth of the global Christian community. According to a 2011 Pew Research Center ... Growth is related not only to conversion but also to a high rate of population growth. Tomalin, Emma (2013). Religions and ... Muslim population growth Growth of religion Decline of Christianity in the Western world Christian views on contraception ... However, this rate of growth is slower than the overall population growth over the same time period. In 2020, Pew estimated the ...
... is a registered political party in South Australia led by Bob Couch. The party contested the 2014 ... Register of political parties: Electoral Commission SA Stop Population Growth Now website List of political parties in ... Australia v t e (Articles with short description, Short description matches Wikidata, Use dmy dates from July 2019, Population ...
Zero population growth may refer to: Zero population growth, demographic balance (stable population size) Zero Population ... This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Zero population growth. If an internal link led you here, you ... a 1972 Danish-American dystopian science fiction film Zero Population Growth: Bliss Out Volume 15, a music album ZPG ( ... Growth, former name of the organisation Population Connection Z.P.G., ...
All population growth comes from the Less Developed regions. The table below breaks out the UN's future population growth ... Future generations Population projection Population growth Estimates of historical world population Human overpopulation Pledge ... This shift from earlier projections of peak population and predicted date of zero population growth comes from a more rapid ... During the remainder of this century some countries will see population growth, some will see population decline. For example ...
In fact, we must reach "zero population growth within the lifetime of our children", if we are to achieve the "common goal", ... For some time, world food production had been able to roughly match population growth, meaning that starvation was a regional ... UN statistics and interpolation of population growth Archived 2009-10-12 at the Wayback Machine The statement Archived 2014-07- ... Moreover, by increased food production and otherwise, the population growth was contributing to a loss of biodiversity, ...
... is a 1999 album by Lilys. Part of the Darla Records Bliss Out series, it represents ... "Zero Population Growth: Bliss Out Volume 15", Pitchfork Media, July 13, 1999, retrieved 27 December 2009 Orgera, Alexandra; ... "Zero Population Growth: Bliss Out Volume 15 Review", Allmusic, Macrovision Corporation, retrieved 27 December 2009 Chanko, Chip ...
The current Minister of Immigration, Population Growth and Skills is Gerry Byrne. The department was created in October 2011 as ... The Department of Immigration, Population Growth and Skills is a provincial government department in Newfoundland and Labrador ... Population Growth and Skills (Newfoundland and Labrador government departments and agencies, Subnational labour ministries). ...
... (1000-1800) is a book written by K. S. Lal published in 1973. The book attempts ... 211-217) Digby, Simon (1975). "Reviews: K. S. Lal: Growth of Muslim population in medieval India (A.D. 1000-1800)". Bulletin of ... Demographics of India Census of India Muslim population growth Lal, K.S. (1999). Theory and Practice of Muslim State in India. ... He added that "any study of the population of the pre-census times can be based only on estimates, and estimates by their very ...
"Population growth rate - The World Factbook". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 2021-07-29. "World Bank Population growth (annual %)". ... "United Nations Population Div, World Population Prospects 2017, File: Population Growth Rate, retrieved 5/20/18". Archived from ... The number shown is the average annual growth rate for the period. Population is based on the de facto definition of population ... who are generally considered part of the population of the country of origin. This means that population growth in this table ...
"Country Comparison : Population Growth". Cia.gov. Archived from the original on December 10, 2008. Retrieved 8 September 2017 ... Dependent territories of non-Asian countries are excluded.[why?] List of Asian countries by population The recognition of ...
"Country Comparison : Population Growth". Cia.gov. Archived from the original on December 10, 2008. Retrieved 2018-11-28. New ...
Population Growth Rate". CIA. Retrieved 6 March 2023. "Field Listing : Population growth rate". CIA. Retrieved 6 March 2023. ( ...
... ranked in order by population growth from the 2020 to the 2010 National Census Population from the National Institute of ... Mexico States of Mexico Geography of Mexico List of Mexican states by population List of Mexican states by area Ranked list of ...
"Population growth rate - The World Factbook". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 2022-11-25. (Articles with short description, Short ...
"Country Comparison : Population Growth". Cia.gov. Archived from the original on December 10, 2008. Retrieved 2018-11-28. The ...
"Country Comparison : Population Growth". Cia.gov. Archived from the original on December 10, 2008. Retrieved 2018-11-28. ( ...
"Population". Retrieved 16 October 2010. "Population Growth". Retrieved 16 October 2010. "The boundaries of the City". Victoria ... In 1843, it was recorded that the population of Holgate was a mere 143. The population of Holgate increased with the building ... The largest Age Group within the population, 25.1%, were between 30 and 44 years old. Of the total population, 95.9% described ... Of the population aged between 16 and 74 years old, 69.1% declared they were in some form of employment and 12.1% said they ...
Population Growth. A simple (though approximate) model of population growth is the Malthusian growth model. A slightly more ... realistic and largely used population growth model is the logistic function, and its extensions. Model of a particle in a ...
"Population Growth". Copenhagen Consensus. Retrieved 21 August 2023. "Water and Sanitation". Copenhagen Consensus. Retrieved 21 ... Chronic Disease Climate Change Education Hunger and Malnutrition Infectious Disease Natural Disasters Population Growth Water ... Population: migration (Phillip L. Martin) Sanitation and water (Frank Rijsberman) Subsidies and trade barriers (Kym Anderson) ... and lessen the effects of climate change Investing in effective early warning systems to protect populations against natural ...
Population growth. 2018: 24,362 2007: 25,885 2006: 26.190 2005: 26.103 2003: 24.825 As of 2006, the migrant group is 3.49% of ... "Population of Marín" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-10-07. Retrieved 2009-09-21. "Population of Marín" (PDF). ... In the central Urban population foreign-born populations constitute 9.07% of the total in 2006. Marín is home to the Naval ... 32% are from the same province of Galicia, the second are foreign-born groups at 30%. 35.9% of the foreign born population are ...
"Population Growth". Progress and Results. Town of Whitchurch-Stouffville. 2009. Retrieved 2011-09-06. Macaulay Shiomi Howson; ... the town's population in 1923 was under 2000; at amalgamation in 1971, Stouffville proper had a population of 5,036). The ... The library will serve a projected a town population of 42,343 in 2013; 53,321 in 2021; and 62,321 in 2026. In June 2011, local ... The population of Whitchurch-Stouffville grew 87.5% between 2006 and 2015, from 24,390 residents to approximately 45,000. ...
... population growth; breakdown in traditional conflict resolution mechanisms of land and water disputes; and proliferation of ... The beginning of the 21st century witnessed an expansion of the agriculturist population and its cultivated land at the expense ... Insecurity and violence have led many populations to create self-defence forces and ethnic and tribal militias, which have ... these conflicts have become far more severe in recent decades due to population pressures, climate change, and various other ...
"Regional Population Growth". Retrieved 15 June 2008. Tennant Creek Town Council (Articles needing additional references from ... The town council covered an area of 42.2 km² and had a population of about 4,873. The Tennant Creek Town Council consisted of ...
Harkavy, Oscar (1995). "Beginnings of the Modern Population Movement". Curbing Population Growth. The Springer Series on ... For them, he assisted in the founding of, and served on the first board for, the Population Council. He was also involved in ... on the world's population. The British asked the AEC for the report, but Strauss resisted giving them anything more than a ... Demographic Methods and Population Analysis. New York: Springer. pp. 23, 25. doi:10.1007/978-1-4757-9906-4_2. ISBN 978-0-306- ...
Demographic projections indicate that population growth is slowing and world population will peak in the 21st century, and many ... Some scholars, environmentalists and advocates have linked human population growth or population size as a driver of ... to the environment on a global scale include population growth, neoliberal economic policies and rapid economic growth, ... Roser, Max; Ritchie, Hannah; Ortiz-Ospina, Esteban (9 May 2013). "World Population Growth". Our World in Data. "Graphic: The ...
"CensusScope - Population Growth". Retrieved March 15, 2016. City of Covington Archived 2010-07-09 at the Wayback Machine Web ... The population of Covington has gradually declined since reaching its peak of 11,062 in 1960. The population decline has mainly ... 0.6% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 3,195 housing units at an average density of 563.3 units ... The population density was 1,111.3 people per square mile (429.1 people/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 84.1% White, ...
"Population Growth and the Food Supply". Population Institute of Canada. "World population growth and trends 1950-2050". US ... Population growth is the increase in the number of people in a population or dispersed group. Actual global human population ... population) Population decline Population density World population Estimates of historical world population "Absolute increase ... Others have challenged many recent population projections as having underestimated population growth. World human population ...
The annual population growth in Russia increased by 0.03 percentage points (+75 percent) in 2022. ... Premium Statistic Population growth in Macao 1990-2022. * Basic Statistic Forecast of population growth in Norway 2016-2027, by ... Basic Statistic Forecast of population growth in Denmark 2020-2060. * Basic Statistic Forecast of population growth in Iceland ... Basic Statistic Forecast of population growth in Iceland 2022-2032. * Premium Statistic Annual population growth of Oslo, ...
Population growth (annual %) from The World Bank: Data ... Population growth (annual %). Derived from total population. ... Population source: ( 1 ) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects: 2022 Revision, ( 2 ) Census reports ... Population and Vital Statistics Reprot ( various years ), ( 5 ) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database, and ( 6 ) ...
... a decline of 2.03 percent since the 2020 census recorded the population of Haltom City as 45,983.. "Slow population growth has ... Haltom Citys Slow Population Growth Has Turned Negative. At a time when Fort Worth is one of Americas fastest growing cities ... New businesses and growth in existing businesses will create a stronger tax base which will allow the city to pay its first ... "Current city leadership is focused on growth in the newer north side of the city with all the shiny new buildings and big ...
Population growth in Greater Melbourne equated to 89% of Victorias total growth between 2001 and 2011.. Growth in the outer ... Melbourne dominates population growth (Media Release). VICTORIA State summary. Population change in Greater Melbourne. ... Growth in the inner-city. Inner-city residential development was another driver of population growth within Greater Melbourne. ... Population growth. Of the eight SA4s in regional Victoria, Geelong had the largest and fastest growth (29,300 people or 13%) ...
The reference population used to construct the CDC Growth Charts for children aged 2 years to 20 years is a nationally ... Exclusions from the Growth Reference Population. *NHANES III (1988-1994) Weight Data for Children Aged 6 Years and Older ... homeGrowth Chart Training and Computer Programs. *2022 CDC Extended BMI-for-Age Growth Charts for Children and Adolescents with ... Data Used to Create the 2000 CDC Growth Charts. *Child and Adolescent Data in the CDC Growth Chart ReferenceData used to create ...
Population She said a second-term priority would be developing a population-growth strategy. She said in the days after the ... Business growth Whitmer said workforce development - upskilling the population - is key to helping businesses grow. She pointed ... Gretchen Whitmer on Prop 3, population growth, workforce development. Tudor Dixon on business incentives, education, taxes, ... Asked what Michigan should do to grow the population, she said "weve got to protect womens ability to make their own ...
... of the current population. After 2060, world population is projected to grow exclusively as a result of growth in current high ... of the 78 million persons that are added annually to the world population, despite composing only 18% ... Population Growth Current high fertility countries account currently for about 38% of the 78 million persons that are added ... of the current population. After 2060, world population is projected to grow exclusively as a result of growth in current high ...
From Population Growth to Firm Demographics: Implications for Concentration, Entrepreneurship and the Labor Share Hugo ... A decrease in population growth lowers firm entry rates, shifting the firm-age distribution towards older firms. Heterogeneity ... "From Population Growth to Firm Demographics: Implications for Concentration, Entrepreneurship and the Labor Share," ... This paper shows that changes in population growth provide a unified quantitative explanation for these long-term changes. The ...
Economic Growth, Population and Development - Masters Programme (Two Years) Masters programme · 2 years · 120 credits ... Central themes studied are growth, stagnation, crises and distribution of resources.. Changes in population have an impact on ... Additional information about Economic Growth, Population and Development - Masters Programme (Two Years) on the departments ... Economic development essentially rests on three pillars: income per capita growth, distribution of the fruits of growth and ...
Urban population growth in other regions While Sub-Saharan Africa outpaces all other regions in urban population growth, the ... Urban population growth (annual %) SP.URB.GROW Urban population (% of total) SP.URB.TOTL.IN.ZS Energy use (kt of oil equivalent ... Urban population growth key to attaining middle income status According to the World Bank publication Urbanization and Growth, ... no country has ever attained middle-income status without urban population growth. But urban growth is not always painless for ...
The Effect of Population Aging on Economic Growth in Canada. - Published on August 3, 2023 ... We find that a 10% increase in the share of the population aged 65 years and older is associated with a reduction of the growth ... Our simulations also indicate that the adverse impacts of population aging on economic growth will vary across provinces. Under ... have reached contradictory conclusions about the impact of population aging on economic growth, with some finding that it ...
... scribblers dont bring up the topic of rapid population growth (much less its cause) but sometimes even the overwhelming growth ... largely because they were prepared as the recession dramatically reduced growth in the state. The population growth water ... States population growth expected to outstrip water conservation in coming years, Sacramento Bee, Feb 14, 2015. California ... But according to their own projections, that savings wont be enough to keep up with population growth just a decade later. ...
... of many human populations. Similar patterns are not typically observed for autosomal and X-linked loci. One explanation for ... A history of Pleistocene population expansion has been inferred from the frequency spectrum of polymorphism in the ... Contrasting signatures of population growth for mitochondrial DNA and Y chromosomes among human populations in Africa Mol Biol ... of constant population size for food-gathering populations and a model of population expansion for food-producing populations. ...
Population growth: A critical North-South issue? Debate over abortion delays US funding for UN population programs ... The growth of supercities from Mexico City to Shanghai to Lagos, Nigeria, as populations mushroom received much attention in ... In the last 10 years more than 50 developing countries have adopted new laws or policies to slow population growth, according ... Since Mexico, I find increased interest in population issues -- growth, reducing infant mortality and illnesses among mothers, ...
... population, and technological progress that is consistent with long-term historical evidence. The economy endogen ... This paper develops a unified model of growth, ... Population growth absorbs much of the growth of output, but ... In the Modern Growth regime, population growth is moderate or even negative, and income per capita rises rapidly. Two forces ... Population, Technology, and Growth: from the Malthusian Regime to the Demographic Transition and Beyond NBER Working Paper No. ...
Migrating populations from cities to regional towns. Australian researchers have found that the migration of populations from ... Population Growth. Migrating populations from cities to regional towns. ...
... Pages (21): « Previous 1 … 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 … 21 Next » Jump to ... as their rate of fall of population growth, at 1.55 per cent a decade, was far more critical in the context of a growth in the ... as their rate of fall of population growth, at 1.55 per cent a decade, was far more critical in the context of a growth in the ... The larger family concept is mooted by the Church in the context of the fall in the population growth at a rate of -0.40 per ...
2 birds (one pair) could quintuple the population in one year, and could theoretically multiply to 1,250 birds in 5 years. ...
The ODU study says that while population growth in the Commonwealth is on the rise, there are warning signs that Virginias ... Hampton Roads, according to the study, accounts for 20.2% of Virginias population. The study also says the 2020-2022 growth of ... Suffolk population growth tops in Hampton Roads. Published 9:00 am Wednesday, March 27, 2024 ... Three components drive population change: natural increase in the population (births minus deaths), net domestic migration ( ...
The results indicate that population growth in 2016 would have been roughly 36% lower in Sweden and 26% lower in Norway without ... One in ten municipalities would have had a population decline in 2016 instead of a population increase, and the largest ... Without the war in Syria under President Assad and the associated mass exodus of Syrian refugees, the population trends in ... We create hypothetical scenarios of the population developments in Sweden and Norway without a war in Syria from 2011 onwards, ...
... increase in wolf population growth from the previous count in 2021. WDFW also documented Washingtons first pack to recolonize ... Washingtons wolf population continued to grow in 2022 for the 14th consecutive year. The Washington Gray Wolf Conservation and ... Annual Washington wolf population report shows growth in wolf packs and breeding pairs in 2022 Publish date ... Annual Washington wolf population report shows growth in wolf packs and breeding pairs in 2022 ...
Home › News Archive › News › Top Stories › A cappella membership drops as churches fail to keep pace with population growth. A ... Since 1980, the overall U.S. population has risen about 25 percent, butthe non-instrumental fellowship has increased only about ... cappella membership drops as churches fail to keep pace with population growth. ... 2 percent, said FlavilYeakley, director of the Harding Center for Church Growth in Searcy, Ark.. By comparison,instrumental ...
Philadelphias foreign-born population comprises 15% of the overall population - and as of 2016, the Dominican Republic ranked ... Of those 60 million, nearly a quarter of a million live in Philadelphia - 15.2% of the citys population. These communities ... The citys Puerto Rican population continued to grow, bolstered by the 1917 federal decision to grant residents of the island U ... This is reflected in Philadelphias youth population. According to the June 2018 report from the Pew Charitable Trusts, 23% of ...
Graph and download economic data for Population Growth for the Syrian Arab Republic (SPPOPGROWSYR) from 1961 to 2022 about ... Annual population growth rate for year t is the exponential rate of growth of midyear population from year t-1 to t, expressed ... Categories , International Data , Indicators , Population, Employment, & Labor Markets , Population Population Growth for the ... World Bank, Population Growth for the Syrian Arab Republic [SPPOPGROWSYR], retrieved from FRED, Federal Reserve Bank of St. ...
Switzerland had a population of 8 603 900, i.e. 59 400 persons (+0.7%) more than in 2018. ... Population growth in 2019: provisional results Switzerlands population continued to increase and age in 2019 ... Sustained demographic growth in Switzerland in 2023 09.04.2020 - At the end of 2019, Switzerland had a population of 8 603 900 ... Since 2017, the population has grown more slowly than in previous years. Zurich recorded the greatest increase while Appenzell ...
"The population growth rate in the OECD bloc is only around 0.5%. Thats roughly where we should be aiming, not an absurd 2.5%. ... Federal Government , Media Releases 2024 , Migration , Politics , population , Population and Economics Facebook. Tweet. ... The population growth rate figures released by the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) yesterday are even more shocking than ... According to the ABS, for the year ending 30 September 2023, Australias population growth rate was 2.5%, equivalent to that of ...
With new data showing population rates in Britain are higher than any other EU country, this increases concerns not only on the ... Growth is expected to continue in coming years with the UK population set to exceed 71 million by 2030. ... A quarter of the growth was in London and the statistics also noted a significant increase in the population aged 65 and over. ... Related Topics:consumptionfarmlandFoodGrowthinfrastructureInvestmentlandpopulationRenewable Energyresourcessustainable ...
Migrants boost SA growth. PAUL STARICK. 24jun06. AN influx of migrants has spurred South Australias population growth rate to ... "current population strength may not last". BankSA managing director Rob Chapman said SAs population growth had been ... "With continuing high job vacancy rates, the improvement in the states population growth may continue in the near future." But ... "We are now enjoying the highest level of population growth since 1992 and its positive impact on the economy is already evident ...
A review of two population growth models and an analysis of factors affecting the Chinese population growth, Asia Journal of ... The importance of population studies in Pakistan has been recognized since very ancient times. While population growth issues ... 14] Qu, J., Cui, Y., Yang, A., Peng, Y & Zhang, H (2011). The Study of the Prediction Model of China Population Growth, Journal ... 3] Ahmad, R & Ahmad, K (2016). Impact of Population on Economic Growth: A Case Study of Pakistan, Bulletin of Business and ...
  • The most significant increase in the world's population has been since the 1950s, mainly due to medical advancements and increases in agricultural productivity. (wikipedia.org)
  • The latest UN projections suggest that the world's population could grow to around 8.5 billion in 2030 and 9.7 billion in 2050, before reaching a peak of around 10.4 billion people during the 2080s . (journalwide.com)
  • Nearly 600 million people worldwide (7.6% of the world's population) have osteoarthritis , and numbers are expected to rise starkly by 2050, especially knee/hip disease. (medscape.com)
  • Since 2017, the population has grown more slowly than in previous years. (admin.ch)
  • From July 2016 to July 2017, Idaho grew its population by 2.2 percent - more than any other state in the country, according to the U.S. Census Bureau. (inlander.com)
  • According to bureau reports , the state's population only grew around 0.3 percent between July 2017 and July 2018-an increase of a little more than 7,000. (alibi.com)
  • Source: Authors' calculation, based on the United Nations World Population Prospects, the 2017 Revision. (brookings.edu)
  • The UN projected population to keep growing, and estimates have put the total population at 8.6 billion by mid-2030, 9.8 billion by mid-2050 and 11.2 billion by 2100. (wikipedia.org)
  • in such a scenario population would peak before 2100. (wikipedia.org)
  • The global human population is projected to peak during the mid-21st century and decline by 2100. (wikipedia.org)
  • The population is expected to remain at that level until 2100. (journalwide.com)
  • BMIz values above the 95th percentile (i.e., extended BMIz values) are based on a dataset of 8,777 children and adolescents with obesity (1,814 [21%] from the 2000 CDC growth chart reference population and 6,963 [79%] from NHANES III and NHANES 1999-2016). (cdc.gov)
  • Journal of Nanjing College for Population Programme Management, 2000, 16(3): 25-27. (geog.com.cn)
  • Population & Economics, 2000, (2): 3-9. (geog.com.cn)
  • Three states - Florida, California and Texas - would account for nearly one-half (46 percent) of total U.S. population growth between 2000 and 2030, according to Census Bureau state population projections released today. (cdc.gov)
  • As a result, Arizona and North Carolina would move into the top 10 in total population by 2030 - Arizona rising from 20th place in 2000 to 10th place in 2030 and North Carolina from 11th place to seventh place. (cdc.gov)
  • Most (88 percent) of the nation's population growth between 2000 and 2030 would occur in the South and West, which would be home to the 10 fastest-growing states over the period. (cdc.gov)
  • The share of the population living in the South and West would increase from 58 percent in 2000 to 65 percent in 2030, while the share in the Northeast and Midwest would decline from 42 percent to 35 percent. (cdc.gov)
  • In fact, 26 states are projected to double their 65- and-older population between 2000 and 2030. (cdc.gov)
  • The global population has grown from 1 billion in 1800 to 7.9 billion in 2020. (wikipedia.org)
  • 09.04.2020 - At the end of 2019, Switzerland had a population of 8 603 900, i.e. 59 400 persons (+0.7%) more than in 2018. (admin.ch)
  • However, the annual World Population Prospect report, released on Monday to coincide with World Population Day , also notes that the global population is growing at its slowest rate since 1950 , having fallen to less that one per cent in 2020. (journalwide.com)
  • Iowa's population grew 4.7% from 2010 to 2020, the U.S. Census Bureau reported. (iowabusinesscouncil.org)
  • The figures showed the Sabah Al- Ahmad city has 60,257 residents after the district opened the doors for residents in 2015 and as for the West Abdullah Al-Mubarak district where the population registration began in 2020 has 1,257 registered residents. (arabtimesonline.com)
  • A mix of technological advancement that improved agricultural productivity and sanitation and medical advancement that reduced mortality increased population growth. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fertility, the report declares, has fallen markedly in recent decades for many countries: today, two-thirds of the global population lives in a country or area where lifetime fertility is below 2.1 births per woman, roughly the level required for zero growth in the long run, for a population with low mortality. (journalwide.com)
  • GROW customised charts classified a larger proportion of infants as SGA, and these infants were still at increased risk of mortality and adverse perinatal outcomes compared to the AGAall population . (bvsalud.org)
  • Important measures of maternal health across a population include not only mortality and birth rates but also subtler measures, such as fertility rates and reproductive mortality rates, among others. (medscape.com)
  • It is important, however, to interpret birth rates in the setting of infant and childhood mortality rates, which are disproportionally high in urban and poor populations worldwide. (medscape.com)
  • In about one third of Virginia, including much of the Coalfields and parts of Southside, counties are losing population from residents moving out and an aging population (there are more deaths than births). (coopercenter.org)
  • In another third of Virginia, primarily counties on the edges of metro areas, the population is declining or growing very slowly because whatever gains in population they receive from people moving in is cancelled out by having more deaths than births. (coopercenter.org)
  • The COVID-19 pandemic has had an effect on population change: global life expectancy at birth fell to 71 years in 2021 (down from 72.9 in 2019) and, in some countries, successive waves of the pandemic may have produced short-term reductions in numbers of pregnancies and births. (journalwide.com)
  • Though Virginia added over 50,000 new residents in the past year, growth is noticeably slower than ten years ago when Virginia's population was increasing by closer to 100,000 annually. (coopercenter.org)
  • Roanoke City's population count is now greater than 100,000 for the first time since 1983, and Richmond's population growth has outpaced neighboring counties. (coopercenter.org)
  • The charming city of New Braunfels has experienced a notable 5.7 percent increase in population, with its residents surpassing the 100,000 mark. (snopug.org)
  • This morning the Weldon Cooper Center at the University of Virginia released its 2018 population estimates for Virginia's counties and cities . (coopercenter.org)
  • The estimates show that Virginia's total population has continued to grow, passing 8.5 million in 2018. (coopercenter.org)
  • Last year, Northern Virginia accounted for sixty-seven percent of Virginia's total population growth, helping push the region's population past three million in 2018. (coopercenter.org)
  • Australia's population growth rate is three times higher than other OECD nations, growing by 400,000 in 2018 (ABS). (population.org.au)
  • More than half of the projected increase in the global population up to 2050 will be concentrated in eight countries: the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Egypt, Ethiopia, India, Nigeria, Pakistan, the Philippines and the United Republic of Tanzania. (journalwide.com)
  • As Gill and Karakülah point out and the chart below shows, sub-Saharan Afraica's youth population is expected to double by 2050, which could lead to increased savings, productivity, and economic growth if people are adequately skilled and healthy. (brookings.edu)
  • Estimates from the US Census Bureau show the population in New Mexico has not improved much over the last year while other Western states show some of the fastest growing populations in the country. (alibi.com)
  • Others have challenged many recent population projections as having underestimated population growth. (wikipedia.org)
  • These projections were produced by the Population Division in correspondence with the U.S. interim projections released in March 2004. (cdc.gov)
  • Due to its dramatic impact on the human ability to grow food, the Haber process, named after one of its inventors, the German chemist Fritz Haber, served as the "detonator of the population explosion", enabling the global population to increase from 1.6 billion in 1900 to 7.7 billion by November 2019. (wikipedia.org)
  • The report pointed to the displacement of Jleeb during the past year, which resulted in 56,779 people leaving the region and moving to other regions, where the total population until the end of 2021 was about 271,000, after they were close to 328,000 in 2019. (arabtimesonline.com)
  • We compared 2 birthweight charts ( population centiles and INTERGROWTH-21st birthweight centiles) and 3 fetal growth charts (INTERGROWTH-21st fetal growth charts, World Health Organization fetal growth charts, and Gestation Related Optimal Weight [GROW] customised growth charts ) to identify which chart performed best in identifying infants at increased risk of adverse perinatal outcome in a preterm population . (bvsalud.org)
  • neonatal intensive care unit admissions, suspicion of poor fetal growth leading to expedited delivery, and cesarean section . (bvsalud.org)
  • In this study, fetal charts classified greater proportions of preterm and stillborn infants as SGA, which more accurately reflected true fetal growth restriction . (bvsalud.org)
  • In 61 countries or areas, the population is expected to decrease by at least one per cent over the next three decades, as a result of sustained low levels of fertility and, in some cases, elevated rates of emigration. (journalwide.com)
  • Further actions by Governments aimed at reducing fertility would have little impact on the pace of population growth between now and mid-century, because of the youthful age structure of today's global population," said John Wilmoth, Director of the Population Division of the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA). (journalwide.com)
  • In most countries of sub-Saharan Africa, as well as in parts of Asia and Latin America and the Caribbean, recent reductions in fertility have led to a "demographic dividend", with a rise in the share of the working age population (25 to 64 years), providing an opportunity for accelerated economic growth per capita. (journalwide.com)
  • Achieving the UN Sustainable Development Goals , especially those related to health, education and gender equality, will contribute to reducing fertility levels and slowing global population growth. (journalwide.com)
  • However, last year's population growth alone will add 6 million tonnes of CO2 to national emissions, which is 10x the impact of the Adani coal mine. (population.org.au)
  • This year's World Population Day falls during a milestone year, when we anticipate the birth of the Earth's eight billionth inhabitant", said UN Secretary-General António Guterres , reacting to the report's findings. (journalwide.com)
  • In some geographies, this has slowed through the process called the demographic transition, where many nations with high standards of living have seen a significant slowing of population growth. (wikipedia.org)
  • The economy endogenously undergoes a demographic transition in which the traditionally positive relationship between income per capita and population growth is reversed. (ssrn.com)
  • Rapid population growth is a common feature of the demographic transition. (jworldtimes.com)
  • Some of the reasons for the "Modern Rise of Population" were particularly investigated by the British health scientist Thomas McKeown (1912-1988). (wikipedia.org)
  • Population growth absorbs much of the growth of output, but income per capita does rise slowly. (ssrn.com)
  • Regarding Central Texas's population growth, it's crucial to highlight the significance of Austin's rise in the U.S. Census Bureau's ranking. (snopug.org)
  • Zurich recorded the greatest increase while Appenzell Innerrhoden, Neuchâtel, Nidwalden and Ticino saw their population decline. (admin.ch)
  • With slower statewide population growth has also come more population decline on the local level. (coopercenter.org)
  • Since 2010, over half of Virginia's counties have lost population with much of the decline concentrated in rural and non-metro counties. (coopercenter.org)
  • While the geographic distribution of population loss in the Commonwealth may not be surprising to many Virginians, it is important to note that the cause of population decline varies from county to county. (coopercenter.org)
  • As a result, population and school enrollment growth has slowed or slipped into decline in Virginia counties that had, in the past, attracted Fairfax residents. (coopercenter.org)
  • The decline in pig population and pig farms is partly the result of a buy-out scheme for livestock farmers to control ammonia emissions as well as the Subsidy Scheme for the Remediation of Pig Farms (SRV) . (cbs.nl)
  • The double burden of malnutrition refers to the coexistence of undernutrition and overweight/obesity in the same populations, households or individuals. (who.int)
  • It is characteristic of the nutrition transition, a phenomenon where increasing overweight/obesity emerges in predominantly undernourished populations, as is evident in the African Region. (who.int)
  • Over the past five years, Virginia's population grew by 3.2 percent, which is slightly less than overall growth of the U.S. population at 3.5 percent. (coopercenter.org)
  • In the same time period, Nevada's population grew over 1.2 percent. (alibi.com)
  • A growth ratio of zero indicates that there were the same number of individuals at the beginning and end of the period-a growth rate may be zero even when there are significant changes in the birth rates, death rates, immigration rates, and age distribution between the two times. (wikipedia.org)
  • Adult sex ratio (ASR) is a central concept in population biology and a key factor in sexual selection, but why do most demographic models ignore sex biases? (bath.ac.uk)
  • Globally, the rate of population growth has declined from a peak of 2.2% per year in 1963. (wikipedia.org)
  • The "population growth rate" is the rate at which the number of individuals in a population increases in a given time period, expressed as a fraction of the initial population. (wikipedia.org)
  • Specifically, population growth rate refers to the change in population over a unit time period, often expressed as a percentage of the number of individuals in the population at the beginning of that period. (wikipedia.org)
  • Post Falls, nearer to the Washington border, is growing even faster and at this rate would surpass Coeur d'Alene's population sometime between 2025 and 2027. (inlander.com)
  • So spatial autocorrelation and spatial association statistics are fitted to analyze the spatial association of population growth rate by providence in China. (geog.com.cn)
  • Population growth rate indicates population growth degree in a period. (geog.com.cn)
  • This paper analyzes population growth rate in the periods of 1982-1990 and 1990-1998 in China. (geog.com.cn)
  • In 1982-1990, China is divided into four regions: lower population growth rate in northern sub-region, higher population growth rate in central and western sub-region, lower population growth rate in central and eastern sub-region and higher population growth rate in southern sub-region. (geog.com.cn)
  • The population growth rate in the southern and eastern parts of China is higher, the population growth rate in the northern part of China is lower. (geog.com.cn)
  • These two cities have demonstrated an impressive growth rate, attracting residents with their strong sense of community, thriving economies, and exceptional quality of life. (snopug.org)
  • But the state dropped 14 spots in the rankings of "best run states" mainly because of slower-than-average growth in gross domestic product and a weaker five-year growth rate in jobs created, Murphy said. (iowabusinesscouncil.org)
  • We can see the intensity of the problem exists not only in terms of the rate and the speed of growth, but also with respect to the absolute numbers themselves. (cdc.gov)
  • Importantly, a conventional model ignoring sex biases significantly overestimated population viability. (bath.ac.uk)
  • Strains of microalgae vary in traits between species and populations due to adaptation or stochastic processes. (lu.se)
  • In this study we tested how metal tolerance differs among marine diatoms at three organizational levels: species, populations, and strains. (lu.se)
  • For the essential metals these differences were often larger than the average differences between the two species and populations. (lu.se)
  • On a strain level we demonstrate how the growth phase of cultures (i.e., cellular densities above exponential growth) modulated dose-response relationships to Ag, Cd, Co, Cu, and Zn. (lu.se)
  • To avoid such artifacts, we outline a semi-continuous cultivation approach that maintains, and empirically tests, that exponential growth is achieved. (lu.se)
  • Georgetown's exponential population growth of 14.4 percent since last year is a testament to the city's dedication to progress. (snopug.org)
  • China Minority Population, 1999, 13(4): 1-4. (geog.com.cn)
  • The growth is largely driven by people fleeing California or other Western states in favor of North Idaho's relatively low cost of living, outdoor lifestyle and, yes, the conservative politics. (inlander.com)
  • In the Malthusian regime, population growth is positively related to the level of income per capita. (ssrn.com)
  • Technological progress is slow and is matched by proportional increases in population, so that output per capita is stable around a constant level. (ssrn.com)
  • In the Modern Growth regime, population growth is moderate or even negative, and income per capita rises rapidly. (ssrn.com)
  • It is unclear which growth charts perform best in identifying infants at increased risk of stillbirth and other adverse perinatal outcomes. (bvsalud.org)
  • This distribution is clearly illustrated by the wide-base population pyramid, characteristic of most developing countries. (who.int)
  • Population growth is the increase in the number of people in a population or dispersed group. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the post-Malthusian regime, the growth rates of technology and total output increase. (ssrn.com)
  • Other states saw more of an increase in the number of people - Washington, for example, increased its population by 124,809 - but no state saw more rapid growth than Idaho. (inlander.com)
  • No country in the left column except one - Jordan - has anything to do with those wars regarding their population increase. (amazonaws.com)
  • The Logistic model and application study on population increase. (geog.com.cn)
  • Austin has experienced a remarkable population increase, propelling it to the 10th most populous city in the United States, up from its previous position at No. 11. (snopug.org)
  • A recent report by PACI related to the historical data of the regions and the extent of the increase and decrease of population in 180 residential and agricultural areas until the end of last year, of which Al-Qabas obtained a copy of, showed that the Salmiya district is the most populous, with a total of 282,541 people, followed by the Jleeb Al-Shuyoukh. (arabtimesonline.com)
  • Two forces drive the transitions between regimes: First, technological progress is driven both by increases in the size of the population and by increases in the size of the population and by increases in the average level of education. (ssrn.com)
  • Their respective population increases of nearly 11 percent exemplify the appeal of these cities as destinations for families and individuals seeking a fulfilling lifestyle. (snopug.org)
  • Municipal government spending in the province has grown 2.5 times faster than general inflation and two times faster than population. (fraserinstitute.org)
  • Of note, men are included in the population calculation. (medscape.com)
  • The reference population used to construct the CDC Growth Charts for children aged 2 years to 20 years is a nationally representative sample. (cdc.gov)
  • at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female under 15 years: 1.03 male(s)/female 15-64 years: 1.06 male(s)/female 65 years and over: 0.88 male(s)/female total population: 1.05 male(s)/female (2006 est. (direct-travel.co.uk)
  • total population: 65.28 years male: 63.08 years female: 67.58 years (2006 est. (direct-travel.co.uk)
  • This great state has garnered even more attention in recent years for its remarkable population growth. (snopug.org)
  • Iowa's growth over the past five years, under 1.5%, "is not a good spot to be in," Murphy said. (iowabusinesscouncil.org)
  • Bank and the Gaza Strip is 47% of the population, those over 60 years of age account for 5%, leaving some 48% between ages 15 and 60. (who.int)
  • As the oldest baby boomers become senior citizens in 2011, the population 65 and older is projected to grow faster than the total population in every state. (cdc.gov)
  • KUWAIT CITY, July 13: The Public Authority for Civil Information (PACI) revealed that 1.437 million citizens and residents live in only 8 residential areas, representing 31% of the country's total population. (arabtimesonline.com)
  • Source: http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/releases/archives/population/004704.html accessed on the internet on September 2, 2005. (cdc.gov)
  • Census data consistently demonstrated rapid growth and population shifts to the Western U.S. (cdc.gov)
  • We argue that such an approach is essential to enable comparison of population or strain differences in tolerance using dose-response tests on cultures of microalgae. (lu.se)
  • GDP Growth Unadjusted for Population Change-a Misleading Measure of Canada's Economic Progress finds that due to large differences in population growth among developed countries, and Canada's recent immigration-fuelled population surge, it's now more useful to use per-person GDP to measure economic performance instead of overall GDP growth. (fraserinstitute.org)
  • Liu Zhenmin, UN Under-Secretary-General for Economic and Social Affairs, warned that rapid population growth makes eradicating poverty, combatting hunger and malnutrition, and increasing the coverage of health and education systems more difficult. (journalwide.com)
  • 1 913 608 people, where the population density is 347 per square kilometre. (who.int)
  • But if the vast areas of land on which Jewish settlements have been established are taken into account, the population density becomes much higher than that. (who.int)
  • The city of Coeur d'Alene, currently with a population of about 51,000, is projected to reach 81,000 people by 2035, Anderson says. (inlander.com)
  • At the population level, we found evidence that increased tolerance against Cu and Co (17 and 41 % higher EC50 on average, respectively) had evolved in a S. marinoi population subjected to historical mining activity. (lu.se)
  • But Minnesota, North Dakota and South Dakota had higher population growth than Iowa. (iowabusinesscouncil.org)
  • Flat tax systems encourage stronger economic growth, higher tax revenues and a more robust economy. (fraserinstitute.org)
  • Name the countries with the fastest population growth between 1970-2024, both in percentage terms and absolute numbers. (amazonaws.com)
  • As Nerd0921 correctly stated, the population growth in these particular countries (though they are located near and at least partially involved in these conflicts) has nothing to do with (taking in) refugees, except for Jordan. (amazonaws.com)
  • The report recommends that countries with ageing populations should take steps to adapt public programmes to the growing numbers of older persons, establishing universal health care and long-term care systems, and by improving the sustainability of social security and pension systems. (journalwide.com)
  • Population-based surveys offered data from 26 countries for knee osteoarthritis, 23 countries for hip osteoarthritis, and 42 countries for hand osteoarthritis. (medscape.com)
  • Population growth alongside increased consumption is a driver of environmental concerns, such as biodiversity loss and climate change, due to overexploitation of natural resources for human development. (wikipedia.org)
  • International policy focused on mitigating the impact of human population growth is concentrated in the Sustainable Development Goals which seek to improve the standard of living globally while reducing the impact of society on the environment while advancing human well-being. (wikipedia.org)
  • The initial sections of the Strategic Plan outline its scope, provide some strategic context (in particular its relationship to the Kiribati Development Plan), and summarise population health needs in Kiribati. (who.int)
  • This charming locale has experienced an unprecedented surge in population, solidifying its position as a premier destination for individuals and families alike. (snopug.org)
  • This surge in population can be attributed to various factors, with international migration playing a significant role. (snopug.org)
  • This is a gross measure of a population's growth. (medscape.com)
  • This paper develops a unified model of growth, population, and technological progress that is consistent with long-term historical evidence. (ssrn.com)
  • The city strikes a harmonious balance between progress and a deep-rooted sense of community, making it an attractive destination for individuals seeking both growth and a connection to the past. (snopug.org)
  • All this growth promises to change the economy. (inlander.com)
  • Survey-specific sample weights were applied to the national survey sample data to assure representation of the U.S. population according to age, sex, and racial/ethnic composition at the time the surveys were conducted. (cdc.gov)
  • The racial and ethnic distribution in the reference population is representative of the U.S. population at the time each of the NHES and NHANES surveys were conducted. (cdc.gov)
  • Illinois lost population in that time. (iowabusinesscouncil.org)
  • This year, the cattle population has declined by 17 thousand (0.4 percent) year-on-year. (cbs.nl)
  • Consistent with similar studies in this field, our study was limited in comparing growth charts by the degree of overlap, with many infants classified as SGA by multiple charts. (bvsalud.org)
  • It was suggested that better health for the population would result in a stronger labor force, and better nutrition would result in children who would be mentally alert and more easily educable. (cdc.gov)
  • The director of one of Iowa's major business groups on Wednesday said Iowa's slow population growth means the fight for workers will be a key issue coming out of the pandemic. (iowabusinesscouncil.org)
  • Actual global human population growth amounts to around 83 million annually, or 1.1% per year. (wikipedia.org)
  • World human population has been growing since the end of the Black Death, around the year 1350. (wikipedia.org)
  • Outside of Northern Virginia, a number of suburban counties, including New Kent and Frederick, and many of Virginia's independent cities have experienced the fastest population growth this decade. (coopercenter.org)
  • His work is pivotal for present day thinking about population growth, birth control, public health and medical care. (wikipedia.org)
  • McKeown had a major influence on many population researchers, such as health economists and Nobel prize winners Robert W. Fogel (1993) and Angus Deaton (2015). (wikipedia.org)
  • those connected to the public sewage network account for only 31.7% of the total number of houses, which negatively affects the health of the population, leading to the spread of parasitic and epidemic diseases. (who.int)
  • Assessment, which examined the health needs of the I-Kiribati population and the ability of the health system to respond to these needs. (who.int)
  • July 11th is World Population day, marking the 30th anniversary since the global population hit 5 Billion on 11th of July, 1989. (population.org.au)
  • SPA national president, Ms Sandra Kanck says, "The UN's Sixth Global Environmental Outlook, cites population growth as a prime driver of ongoing environmental change. (population.org.au)