The vein formed by the union of the anterior and posterior tibial veins; it courses through the popliteal space and becomes the femoral vein.
The vessels carrying blood away from the capillary beds.
The vein accompanying the femoral artery in the same sheath; it is a continuation of the popliteal vein and becomes the external iliac vein.
Impaired venous blood flow or venous return (venous stasis), usually caused by inadequate venous valves. Venous insufficiency often occurs in the legs, and is associated with EDEMA and sometimes with VENOUS STASIS ULCERS at the ankle.
Ultrasonography applying the Doppler effect combined with real-time imaging. The real-time image is created by rapid movement of the ultrasound beam. A powerful advantage of this technique is the ability to estimate the velocity of flow from the Doppler shift frequency.
The vein which drains the foot and leg.
Radiographic visualization or recording of a vein after the injection of contrast medium.
Skin diseases affecting or involving the cutaneous blood vessels and generally manifested as inflammation, swelling, erythema, or necrosis in the affected area.
Enlarged and tortuous VEINS.
The blood pressure in the VEINS. It is usually measured to assess the filling PRESSURE to the HEART VENTRICLE.
Transducers that are activated by pressure changes, e.g., blood pressure.
The inferior part of the lower extremity between the KNEE and the ANKLE.
Flaps within the VEINS that allow the blood to flow only in one direction. They are usually in the medium size veins that carry blood to the heart against gravity.
The formation or presence of a blood clot (THROMBUS) within a vein.
Instruments that generate intermittent forces, uniformed or graduated, to facilitate the emptying of VEINS. These devices are used to reduce limb EDEMA and prevent venous THROMBOEMBOLISM, such as deep vein thrombosis in the legs.
Inflammation of a vein associated with a blood clot (THROMBUS).
A SYNOVIAL CYST located in the back of the knee, in the popliteal space arising from the semimembranous bursa or the knee joint.
A condition characterized by a chronically swollen limb, often a leg with stasis dermatitis and ulcerations. This syndrome can appear soon after phlebitis or years later. Postphlebitic syndrome is the result of damaged or incompetent venous valves in the limbs. Distended, tortuous VARICOSE VEINS are usually present. Leg pain may occur after long period of standing.
Insertion of a catheter into a peripheral artery, vein, or airway for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes.
A short thick vein formed by union of the superior mesenteric vein and the splenic vein.
Pathological outpouching or sac-like dilatation in the wall of any blood vessel (ARTERIES or VEINS) or the heart (HEART ANEURYSM). It indicates a thin and weakened area in the wall which may later rupture. Aneurysms are classified by location, etiology, or other characteristics.
The condition of an anatomical structure's being constricted beyond normal dimensions.
Ultrasonography applying the Doppler effect, with the superposition of flow information as colors on a gray scale in a real-time image. This type of ultrasonography is well-suited to identifying the location of high-velocity flow (such as in a stenosis) or of mapping the extent of flow in a certain region.
The veins that return the oxygenated blood from the lungs to the left atrium of the heart.
Recording of change in the size of a part as modified by the circulation in it.
Operative procedures for the treatment of vascular disorders.
Veins in the neck which drain the brain, face, and neck into the brachiocephalic or subclavian veins.
Blocking of the PULMONARY ARTERY or one of its branches by an EMBOLUS.
The posture of an individual lying face up.
Any inflammation of the skin.
Veins which return blood from the intestines; the inferior mesenteric vein empties into the splenic vein, the superior mesenteric vein joins the splenic vein to form the portal vein.
Short thick veins which return blood from the kidneys to the vena cava.
Venous vessels in the umbilical cord. They carry oxygenated, nutrient-rich blood from the mother to the FETUS via the PLACENTA. In humans, there is normally one umbilical vein.
A vein on either side of the body which is formed by the union of the external and internal iliac veins and passes upward to join with its fellow of the opposite side to form the inferior vena cava.
A value equal to the total volume flow divided by the cross-sectional area of the vascular bed.
The flow of BLOOD through or around an organ or region of the body.
Veins which drain the liver.
The movement and the forces involved in the movement of the blood through the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM.
The continuation of the axillary vein which follows the subclavian artery and then joins the internal jugular vein to form the brachiocephalic vein.
A bibliographic database that includes MEDLINE as its primary subset. It is produced by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), part of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. PubMed, which is searchable through NLM's Web site, also includes access to additional citations to selected life sciences journals not in MEDLINE, and links to other resources such as the full-text of articles at participating publishers' Web sites, NCBI's molecular biology databases, and PubMed Central.
Analog or digital communications device in which the user has a wireless connection from a telephone to a nearby transmitter. It is termed cellular because the service area is divided into multiple "cells." As the user moves from one cell area to another, the call is transferred to the local transmitter.
Retrograde flow of gastric juice (GASTRIC ACID) and/or duodenal contents (BILE ACIDS; PANCREATIC JUICE) into the distal ESOPHAGUS, commonly due to incompetence of the LOWER ESOPHAGEAL SPHINCTER.
A region of the lower extremity immediately surrounding and including the KNEE JOINT.
The infratentorial compartment that contains the CEREBELLUM and BRAIN STEM. It is formed by the posterior third of the superior surface of the body of the sphenoid (SPHENOID BONE), by the occipital, the petrous, and mastoid portions of the TEMPORAL BONE, and the posterior inferior angle of the PARIETAL BONE.
Lists of words, usually in alphabetical order, giving information about form, pronunciation, etymology, grammar, and meaning.
Extravasation of blood into the skin, resulting in a nonelevated, rounded or irregular, blue or purplish patch, larger than a petechia.

Aetiologies and prognosis of Chinese patients with deep vein thrombosis of the lower extremities. (1/166)

Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) of the lower extremities is not frequently encountered in Oriental patients. We investigated its aetiology and prognosis in 143 patients (65 males, 78 females), presenting to the National Taiwan University Hospital over 4.3 years, diagnosed by colour Doppler ultrasonography. Swelling and pain of the lower extremities were the most frequent presenting symptoms. The left femoropopliteal veins were more frequently involved than other parts of the lower extremities. In these patients, malignancy with or without intravenous catheterization was the most frequent cause (39 patients, 27%). Other common aetiologies included coagulopathy (29 patients, 20%), immobilization (24 patients, 17%) and catheter-related (13 patients, 9%). No definite aetiology could be determined in 37 patients (26%). During follow-up, 27 patients (19%) died, mostly with malignancy. Pulmonary embolism was noted in 16 patients and was not significantly directly related to death. Compared to similar studies in Caucasian patients, there were significant differences in the aetiology of DVT, with malignancy and coagulopathy more common in these Chinese patients.  (+info)

Signal-enhanced color Doppler sonography of deep venous thrombosis in the lower limbs and pelvis. (2/166)

Detection of Doppler signal tends to be more difficult in peripheral veins owing to low flow velocity. This can be caused by nonoccluding thrombosis, post-thrombotic wall changes, or a deep anatomic location of pelvic veins. The last-mentioned frequently is accompanied by interference by bowel gas. In addition, inappropriate insonation angles adversely affect the outcome of color-coded Doppler interrogation. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of signal-enhanced color Doppler sonography on peripheral veins in 31 patients clinically suspected of having deep vein thrombosis. As a result of diagnostic uncertainty, additional enhanced studies were performed on 43 venous segments. The enhancement led to a decrease in false-positive results (from four patients to one patient) and false-negative results (from four patients to two patients) compared to unenhanced studies. Evaluation of the deeply located pelvic veins profited the most through signal enhanced Doppler sonography.  (+info)

High-pressure, rapid-inflation pneumatic compression improves venous hemodynamics in healthy volunteers and patients who are post-thrombotic. (3/166)

PURPOSE: Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a preventable cause of morbidity and mortality in patients who are hospitalized. An important part of the mechanism of DVT prophylaxis with intermittent pneumatic compression (IPC) is reduced venous stasis with increased velocity of venous return. The conventional methods of IPC use low pressure and slow inflation of the air bladder on the leg to augment venous return. Recently, compression devices have been designed that produce high pressure and rapid inflation of air cuffs on the plantar plexus of the foot and the calf. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the venous velocity response to high-pressure, rapid-inflation compression devices versus standard, low-pressure, slow-inflation compression devices in healthy volunteers and patients with severe post-thrombotic venous disease. METHOD: Twenty-two lower extremities from healthy volunteers and 11 lower extremities from patients with class 4 to class 6 post-thrombotic chronic venous insufficiency were studied. With duplex ultrasound scanning (ATL-Ultramark 9, Advanced Tech Laboratory, Bothell, Wash), acute DVT was excluded before subject evaluation. Venous velocities were monitored after the application of each of five IPC devices, with all the patients in the supine position. Three high-pressure, rapid-compression devices and two standard, low-pressure, slow-inflation compression devices were applied in a random sequence. Maximal venous velocities were obtained at the common femoral vein and the popliteal vein for all the devices and were recorded as the mean peak velocity of three compression cycles and compared with baseline velocities. RESULTS: The baseline venous velocities were higher in the femoral veins than in the popliteal veins in both the volunteers and the post-thrombotic subjects. Standard and high-pressure, rapid-inflation compression significantly increased the popliteal and femoral vein velocities in healthy and post-thrombotic subjects. High-pressure, rapid-inflation compression produced significantly higher maximal venous velocities in the popliteal and femoral veins in both healthy volunteers and patients who were post-thrombotic as compared with standard compression. Compared with the healthy volunteers, the patients who were post-thrombotic had a significantly attenuated velocity response at both the popliteal and the femoral vein levels. CONCLUSION: High-pressure, rapid-inflation pneumatic compression increases popliteal and femoral vein velocity as compared with standard, low-pressure, slow-inflation pneumatic compression. Patients with post-thrombotic venous disease have a compromised hemodynamic response to all IPC devices. However, an increased velocity response to the high-pressure, rapid-inflation compression device is preserved. High-pressure, rapid-inflation pneumatic compression may offer additional protection from thrombotic complications on the basis of an improved hemodynamic response, both in healthy volunteers and in patients who were post-thrombotic.  (+info)

Duplex scanning may be used selectively in patients with primary varicose veins. (4/166)

Reflux was assessed using hand-held Doppler (HHD) and duplex scanning in 72 patients with primary, previously untreated varicose veins (108 limbs). The aims of the study were (i) to compare the accuracy of HHD assessment with duplex scanning, (ii) to assess the benefit of tourniquet testing and (iii) to identify patients who would benefit from a policy of selective duplex scanning. HHD accurately assesses the saphenofemoral junction (SFJ) and long saphenous vein (LSV) reflux. HHD assessment of the saphenopopliteal junction (SPJ) reflux has a low positive predictive value. A high negative predictive value reflects absent SPJ reflux assessed using HHD accurately. Tourniquet testing is not helpful. Selective duplex scanning of limbs with suspected SPJ reflux, no identifiable site of reflux or posterior thigh perforator reflux on HDD (39% of limbs), would result in the appropriate surgical procedure being performed in 102 (94%) limbs, excessive surgery in 5 (5%) limbs and inadequate surgery in only 1 (1%) limb. The use of selective criteria for duplex scanning would reduce the workload of the vascular laboratory without compromising patient care.  (+info)

Lower limb deep venous flow in patients with peripheral vascular disease. (5/166)

PURPOSE: A prospective controlled study was undertaken to determine how peripheral vascular disease (PVD) influences flow in the deep veins of the leg. METHODS: Eighty-nine patients with peripheral vascular disease and 35 age-matched control subjects were studied. The popliteal vein diameter and flow velocity were measured at rest by means of color duplex ultrasound scanning, and these measurements were compared with the ankle-brachial pressure index. For 23 subjects, measurements were also performed during reactive hyperemia and then repeated after venous return from the foot was prevented by an ankle cuff. RESULTS: There was a significant correlation between the ankle-brachial pressure index and the popliteal vein diameter (r = 0.35, P <.001) but a negative correlation between the ankle-brachial pressure index and venous flow velocity among patients with PVD (r = -0.24, P =.002). In PVD patients the diameter decreased further in reactive hyperemia, whereas it increased in control subjects ( P <.001). Preventing venous return from the foot in PVD patients led to diameter increase at rest and abolished the reduction in diameter caused by reactive hyperemia. Despite the reduction in diameter during reactive hyperemia, flow velocity increased less in patients with PVD than it did in control subjects (P =.01). CONCLUSION: Chronic tissue ischemia results in constriction of the popliteal vein. This appears to be an active process related to the washout of humoral factors from ischemic tissues distally, which leads to an increase in flow velocity. The latter may confer some protection against the deep vein thrombosis that would otherwise tend to occur with low venous flow rates.  (+info)

The postthrombotic syndrome in relation to venous hemodynamics, as measured by means of duplex scanning and strain-gauge plethysmography. (6/166)

PURPOSE: Venous hemodynamics were evaluated in relation to the postthrombotic syndrome (PTS) 7 to 13 years after deep venous thrombosis (DVT). METHODS: The presence of flow, reflux, and compressibility of 1394 vein segments in 82 patients was assessed by means of duplex scanning. The venous outflow resistance was measured by means of strain-gauge plethysmography. The venous hemodynamics were related to the clinical severity of the PTS, characterized by the CEAP (clinical, etiologic, anatomic, pathophysiologic) classification. RESULTS: In patients with severe clinical symptoms of PTS, the prevalence of reflux was significantly higher. There was no relationship between the severity of the PTS and the noncompressibility or the combination of reflux and noncompressibility or an increased venous resistance. By means of multiple regression analysis with the variables of age, gender, reflux, and venous resistance, age and reflux were shown to be the main contributors to the severity of PTS. Significantly more patients (64%) with severe signs of PTS had a combination of deep and superficial reflux. In each of the traceable vein segments, the mean of the CEAP classification was calculated for the vein segments with and without reflux. In the proximal superficial femoral vein (P <.001), distal superficial femoral vein (P <.05), and popliteal vein (P <.05), a significantly higher mean CEAP classification was found in the veins with reflux, whereas in the distal, long, and short saphenous veins, no such relationship was found. CONCLUSION: Most patients with severe PTS had a combination of deep and superficial reflux. Reflux in the deep proximal veins contributes significantly to the PTS.  (+info)

The effect of pregnancy on the lower-limb venous system of women with varicose veins. (7/166)

OBJECTIVES: to assess the effect of pregnancy on the lower-limb venous system of women with varicose veins. Design a longitudinal prospective study of 11 pregnant women, with varicose vein disease. METHODS: eleven pregnant women with varicose veins were recruited as part of a larger study. Veins were assessed in both lower limbs using colour-flow duplex scanning at a 75 degrees head-up tilt. The diameter and velocity and duration of reflux were measured in each vein at 12, 20, 26, 34, 38 weeks gestation and 6 weeks postpartum. RESULTS: eleven women had reflux and varicose veins demonstrated at first scan. All veins dilated with increasing gestation. This was maximal in the superficial system, reaching significance (p+info)

The use of arm vein in lower-extremity revascularization: results of 520 procedures performed in eight years. (8/166)

PURPOSE: The absence of an adequate ipsilateral saphenous vein in patients requiring lower-extremity revascularization poses a difficult clinical dilemma. This study examined the results of the use of autogenous arm vein bypass grafts in these patients. METHODS: Five hundred twenty lower-extremity revascularization procedures performed between 1990 and 1998 were followed prospectively with a computerized vascular registry. The arm vein conduit was prepared by using intraoperative angioscopy for valve lysis and identification of luminal abnormalities in 44.8% of cases. RESULTS: Seventy-two (13. 8%) femoropopliteal, 174 (33.5%) femorotibial, 29 (5.6%) femoropedal, 101 (19.4%) popliteo-tibial/pedal, and 144 (27.7%) extension "jump" graft bypass procedures were performed for limb salvage (98.2%) or disabling claudication (1.8%). The average age of patients was 68.5 years (range, 32 to 91 years); 63.1% of patients were men, and 36.9% of patients were women. Eighty-five percent of patients had diabetes mellitus, and 77% of patients had a recent history of smoking. The grafts were composed of a single arm vein segment in 363 cases (69. 8%) and of spliced composite vein with venovenostomy in 157 cases (30.2%). The mean follow-up period was 24.9 months (range, 1 month to 7.4 years). Overall patency and limb salvage rates for all graft types were: primary patency, 30-day = 97.0% +/- 0.7%, 1-year = 80.2% +/- 2.1%, 3-year = 68.9% +/- 3.6%, 5-year = 54.5% +/- 6.6%; secondary patency, 30-day = 97.0% +/- 0.7%, 1-year = 80.7% +/- 2.1%, 3-year = 70.3% +/- 3.4%, 5-year = 57.5% +/- 6.2%; limb salvage, 30-day = 97.6% +/- 0.7%, 1-year = 89.8% +/- 1.7%, 3-year = 82.1% +/- 3.3%, 5-year = 71.5% +/- 6.9%. Secondary patency and limb salvage rates were greatest at 5 years for femoropopliteal grafts (69.8% +/- 12.8%, 80.7% +/- 11.8%), as compared with femorotibial (59.6% +/- 10. 3%, 72.7% +/- 10.5%), femoropedal (54.9% +/- 25.7%, 56.8% +/- 26.9%, ) and popliteo-tibial/pedal grafts (39.0% +/- 7.3%, 47.6% +/- 15.4%). The patency rate of composite vein grafts was equal to that of single-vein conduits. The overall survival rate was 54% at 4 years. CONCLUSION: Autogenous arm vein has been used successfully in a wide variety of lower-extremity revascularization procedures and has achieved excellent long- and short-term patency and limb salvage rates, higher than those generally reported for prosthetic or cryopreserved grafts. Its durability and easy accessibility make it an alternative conduit of choice when an adequate saphenous vein is not available.  (+info)

Looking for popliteal vein? Find out information about popliteal vein. A vein passing through the popliteal space, formed by merging of the tibial veins and continuing to become the femoral vein Explanation of popliteal vein
Illustration of left knee joint from posterior, showing bones, nerves, popliteal vein ghosted in. *Note: picture is upside down ...
Gemayel G, Verdon G, Murith N, Huber C. Rescue of a Failing Endovascular Infrarenal Aortic Repair Using an Off-The-Shelf Branched Endograft. Ann Vasc Surg. 2017 Jul 21. Gemayel G et al. Traitement des anévrismes aortiques à lère endovasculaire. Rev Med Suisse 2017; 13: 519-23. Gemayel G, A Rare Cause of Pulmonary Embolism: Popliteal Vein Aneurysm. Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 2016 Jun;51(6):809. Gemayel G, Mootoosamy P, Murith N, Kalangos A. Embolization of a large rapidly growing aortic pseudo-aneurysm not amenable to open or endovascular repair. Ann Vasc Surg. 2016 May;33:230.e15-8. Myers PO, Gemayel G, Mugnai D, Murith N, Kalangos A. Endovascular exclusion of aortoesophageal fistula after coarctation extraanatomical bypass. Ann Thorac Surg.. 2014 Jul;98(1):314-6. Gemayel G, Murith N, Kalangos A. Off-label use of a reversed flared endurant iliac limb stengraft for the management of a life-threatening internal iliac artery aneurysm rupture. Vascular. 2014 Oct;22(5):381-4. Gariani K, Righini M, ...
Thanks so much Frey for starting this invaluable dialogue and to all for their postings. I am a 58 year old UK runner and cyclist. I was diagnosed with an acute DVT of the femoral and popliteal veins on March 1st following a swelling of the left knee and calf (which was 6 cms bigger than the right.) I had run a slow (av. heart rate 135 BPM) 6km on Feb 29th and noticed that my heart rate maxed at 197 bpm at 3.5 kms coincident with a pain in my left calf. I followed the run with a short high intensity (3 * 20 secs max VO2) session. I had previously had pains in the calf on runs but never cycling over the last two years. I started wearing the heart rate monitor at Christmas and now see that the calf pain and maxing of heart rate at +190 on runs seems to coincide. My doctor (only 3 weeks ago) said that these max heart rate peaks were a sign of my high fitness level, but I now think they could be indicators of clotting. I also have a 3cm popliteal fossa bakers cycst behind the left knee which I ...
Thanks so much Frey for starting this invaluable dialogue and to all for their postings. I am a 58 year old UK runner and cyclist. I was diagnosed with an acute DVT of the femoral and popliteal veins on March 1st following a swelling of the left knee and calf (which was 6 cms bigger than the right.) I had run a slow (av. heart rate 135 BPM) 6km on Feb 29th and noticed that my heart rate maxed at 197 bpm at 3.5 kms coincident with a pain in my left calf. I followed the run with a short high intensity (3 * 20 secs max VO2) session. I had previously had pains in the calf on runs but never cycling over the last two years. I started wearing the heart rate monitor at Christmas and now see that the calf pain and maxing of heart rate at +190 on runs seems to coincide. My doctor (only 3 weeks ago) said that these max heart rate peaks were a sign of my high fitness level, but I now think they could be indicators of clotting. I also have a 3cm popliteal fossa bakers cycst behind the left knee which I ...
PubMed journal article: The nonsaphenous vein of the popliteal fossa: prevalence, patterns of reflux, hemodynamic quantification, and clinical significance. Download Prime PubMed App to iPhone, iPad, or Android
I spend my time studying, exercising, eating and travelling - not always in that order!! Sporadically updated (usually when Im busy procrastinating ...
In the human body, the femoral vein is a blood vessel that accompanies the femoral artery in the femoral sheath. It begins at the adductor canal (also known as Hunters canal) and is a continuation of the popliteal vein. It ends at the inferior margin of the inguinal ligament, where it becomes the external iliac vein. Several large veins drain into the femoral vein: popliteal vein deep vein of the thigh great saphenous vein Occlusion of the femoral vein can be life-threatening. The practice of delivering recreational drugs intravenously using the femoral vein is relatively common amongst injecting drug users (IDUs). The term superficial femoral vein is recognized as a legitimate anatomic term. However, some specialist physicians (e.g. radiologists, and orthopaedic/vascular surgeons) use the term superficial femoral vein for the distal part of the femoral vein to: differentiate the femoral vein segments before and after the deep vein of the thigh (profunda femoris vein) joins with it, and ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - How should we determine length of anticoagulation after proximal deep vein thrombosis of the lower limbs?. AU - Siragusa, Sergio. AU - Siragusa, Sergio. PY - 2009. Y1 - 2009. N2 - The current approach for deciding the duration of vitamin K antagonist (VKA) treatment after an episode of venous thrombo-embolism (VTE) is mainly based on the characteristic of the index event (3 months or longer in case of unknown/persistent risk factors, 3 months or less in case of removable causes). However, the length of anticoagulation should be tailored on the patients risk for recurrent thrombosis as well as for bleeding, but such time for decision is often unclear and the optimal duration of VKA remains debatable. The presence of persistent residual vein thrombosis and increased D-dimer levels after stopping therapy are predictors for recurrent deep vein thrombosis (DVT). Management strategies based on these parameters have been demonstrated to optimize the decision for VKA duration, as they ...
The popliteal fossa (sometimes referred to as the kneepit or hough[1]) is a shallow depression located at the back of the knee joint. The bones of the popliteal fossa are the femur and the tibia. The boundaries of the fossa are: The roof is formed by (from superficial to deep): skin superficial fascia, which contains the small saphenous vein, the terminal branch of the posterior cutaneous nerve of the thigh, posterior division of the medial cutaneous nerve, lateral sural cutaneous nerve, and medial sural cutaneous nerve deep fascia or popliteal fascia The floor is formed by: the popliteal surface of the femur the capsule of the knee joint and the oblique popliteal ligament strong fascia covering the popliteus muscle Structures within the popliteal fossa include, (from superficial to deep): tibial nerve popliteal vein popliteal artery, a continuation of the femoral artery small saphenous vein (termination) common fibular nerve (also known as the common peroneal nerve) Popliteal lymph nodes and ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - A novel procedure for reconstruction utilizing superficial femoral vein grafts following en bloc resection of carotid artery and head and neck malignant tumours. AU - Yokoyama, Junkichi. AU - Yazawa, Masaki. AU - Yoshimoto, Hitoshi. AU - Ueki, Keisuke. AU - Kawamoto, Shunsuke. AU - Ohba, Shinichi. AU - Fujimaki, Mitsuhisa. AU - Ikeda, Katsuhisa. N1 - Copyright: Copyright 2015 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.. PY - 2014/8. Y1 - 2014/8. N2 - OBJECTIVES The objective of our study was to investigate the effectiveness of reconstructing the carotid artery using a superficial femoral vein (SFV). METHODS Ten patients with malignant tumours involving the carotid artery underwent carotid artery resection and reconstruction with the SFV. We use the SFV between the deep femoral vein and perforator branches to the great saphenous vein or deep femoral vein at the popliteal region reconstructive vessel. RESULTS The mean length and diameter of the grafted SFVs were 13.9 and 11.2 mm, ...
The circulatory system of legs is placed in the circulatory system of the lower extremities. Anterior and posterior tibial arteries travel the entire length of the leg, then; they terminate in the feet where smaller branches supply the feet with blood. Dorsalis pedis artery supplies the foot, lateral to the large tendon of the big toe. Popliteal artery is continuation of the femoral artery, the chief artery of the thigh, at about the knee, that branches to supply the legs and feet. Venous return that drains the top of the foot. The femoral vein is a blood vessel that accompanies the femoral artery in the femoral sheath. It begins at the adductor canal (also known as Hunters canal) and is a continuation of the popliteal vein. It ends at the inferior margin of the inguinal ligament, where it becomes the external iliac vein. The posterior tibial vein of the lower limb carries blood from the posterior compartment and plantar surface of the foot to the popliteal vein which it forms when it joins ...
a vein that accompanies the femoral artery in the same sheath; a continuation of the popliteal vein; becomes the external iliac vein. ...
Your physician may recommend a venous duplex scan to assess your blood flow and detect clots before they move to other parts of your body. Learn more.
Instant anatomy is a specialised web site for you to learn all about human anatomy of the body with diagrams, podcasts and revision questions
The slimline-channeled Oval JoViPad protects the delicate popliteal fossa area. This pad can be used in virtually any small area where fibrosis is a problem and for swelling spots. It can be worn under bandages, pump appliances or compression ga ...
Background: Patients with cancer who undergo surgery about the hip are at increased risk for the development of deep vein thrombosis. We implemented a program of chemical and mechanical prophylaxis to prevent this problem. This study was performed to assess the effectiveness of that program. Methods: Eighty-seven consecutive patients with an active malignant tumor who underwent hip replacement surgery at our institution over a two-year period were included in the study. All patients were treated with intermittent pneumatic compression devices. Seventy-eight patients received anticoagulants, and nine did not. Postoperative surveillance for proximal deep vein thrombosis was routinely performed on all patients with duplex Doppler ultrasonography. Results: Four patients had proximal deep vein thrombosis, and one patient, who did not receive anticoagulation, had a nonfatal pulmonary embolism. The use of prophylactic low-molecular-weight heparin (dalteparin) was associated with a 4% rate of proximal ...
Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) is a life threatening condition and a serious concern among hospitalized patients, with death occurring in approximately 6% of cases. It involves the formation of a clot where stagnant blood flow occurs, predominantly in the deep veins of the legs. Three mechanisms underlie DVT, venous stasis (slowing or stopping of the blood), hypercoagulability (increased clotting) and damage to blood vessel endothelium (damage to blood vessel wall), collectively known as Virchows triad.. Intermittent Pneumatic Compression (IPC) involves the use of an inflatable cuff placed around the limb. This cuff inflates and deflates intermittently in order to squeeze blood from the underlying veins. Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation (NMES) leads to a contraction of muscles by delivering a series of controlled electrical pulses via skin surface electrodes placed over the motor points of the targeted muscle. ...
The deep femoral vein (also known as the profunda femoris) flows along with the profunda femoris artery. It has tributaries that correspond to the perforating branches of this artery. Through these tributaries it communicates with the inferior gluteal vein higher up and the popliteal vein lower down. The medial and lateral femoral circumflex veins are also received. About one half...
Looking for online definition of anterior tibial vein in the Medical Dictionary? anterior tibial vein explanation free. What is anterior tibial vein? Meaning of anterior tibial vein medical term. What does anterior tibial vein mean?
Sciatic nerve block (SNB) has been shown to reduce postoperative pain and opioid requirements, as well as improve patient satisfaction after outpatient foot and ankle surgery. The sciatic nerve divides into two terminal branches (the common peroneal and tibial nerves) in the popliteal fossa. Through these two branches it innervates the entire leg, ankle and foot except for the skin over the anterior-medial aspect of the leg, which is supplied by the saphenous nerve, a branch of the femoral nerve.. Many approaches have been described to sciatic nerve blockade. High in the thigh or buttock are the classical posterior approach, the supine approach, and the anterior approach. In the popliteal fossa, a posterior, a lateral and a medial approach have been described. The popliteal fossa approaches are most commonly used to provide regional anesthesia and/or analgesia for major foot and ankle surgery.. Traditional nerve localization techniques include seeking paresthesiae on needle to nerve contact, or ...
Hypothesis A focused, surgeon-performed ultrasound examination of the common femoral veins is an accurate screening tool for the detection of common femoral vein thrombosis in high-risk, critically ill patients. Design A prospective study using a focused ultrasound examination for findings consistent with deep vein thrombosis of the common femoral veins. The results of these examinations were compared with those of duplex imaging or computed tomographic venography studies. Setting Surgical intensive care unit. Patients All critically ill patients who were admitted to the surgical intensive care unit and considered to be at high risk for the development of deep vein thrombosis. Main Outcome Measure Presence of deep vein thrombosis in the common femoral veins. Results During a 16-month period, surgeons performed 306 ultrasound examinations on 220 critically ill surgical patients. The results included 295 true negative, 9 true positive, 1 false negative, and 1 false positive, yielding a 90.0%
List of 54 causes for Abdomen rash and Hand and foot rashes in children and Popliteal fossa blister, alternative diagnoses, rare causes, misdiagnoses, patient stories, and much more.
List of causes of Abdomen blister and Popliteal fossa blister, alternative diagnoses, rare causes, misdiagnoses, patient stories, and much more.
List of causes of Face rash and Popliteal fossa blister, alternative diagnoses, rare causes, misdiagnoses, patient stories, and much more.
Accurate depiction of the formation and movement of post-operative pulmonary emboli from the left knee through the heart and into the lungs. It shows the path of the embolism from a surgical site in the popliteal vein, moving to the inferior vena cava through the heart and into the lungs. Cut sections through a vein illustrate blood flowing normally, and thrombus formation. Also depicts clotted blood breaking free and forming a moving thrombus or embolus.
The tibial nerve is a branch of the sciatic nerve, and arises at the apex of the popliteal fossa. It travels through the popliteal fossa, and continues into the
Free, official coding info for 2021 ICD-10-CM I82.441 - includes detailed rules, notes, synonyms, ICD-9-CM conversion, index and annotation crosswalks, DRG grouping and more.
focar de endometrioza profunda la nivelul regiunii retrocervicale, cu diametrele antero-posterior si cranio-caudal de cca 20 mm, ce infiltreaza stratul muscular al colul uterin, cu imagine chistica in hipersemnal T1 FS in adiacenta stromei fibroase (10 mm), seroasa si miometrul istmului si corpului uterin (pana la o distanta de cca 6 mm de jonctiunea mio-endometriala) si ambele ligamente utero-sacrate, mai ales cel de partea dreapta (pe o lungime de cca 35 mm), asociind aderente anexiale bilaterale, mai ales dreapta, a fornixului vaginal posterior si a penultimei bucle sigmoidiene ...
Intermittent pneumatic compression (IPC) devices are used to help prevent blood clots in the deep veins of the legs. The devices use cuffs around the legs that fill with air and squeeze your legs. This increases blood flow through the veins of your legs and helps prevent blood clots. Veins are the blood vessels that bring oxygen-poor blood and waste products back to the heart. Arteries are the blood vessels that bring oxygen-rich blood and nutrients to the body. A deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a blood clot that forms in a vein deep inside the body. In most cases, this clot forms inside 1 of the deep veins of the thigh or lower leg. The veins in your legs have tiny valves that help keep blood moving back up toward the heart. But a DVT may damage 1 or more of these valves. This causes them to weaken or become leaky. When this happens, blood starts to pool in your legs. This can also happen if you are immobile for a long period of time. Normally, muscles in the leg help blood move up in the veins ...
Objective: To summarize the currently published scientific evidence for the venous flow effects of mechanical devices, particularly intermittent pneumatic compression, and the relation to prevention of deep vein thrombosis (DVT). Summary Background Data: While intermittent pneumatic compression is an established method of DVT prophylaxis, the variety of systems that are available can use very different compression techniques and sequences. In order for appropriate choices to be made to provide the optimum protection for patients, the general performance of systems, and physiological effects of particular properties, must be analyzed objectively. Methods: Medline was searched from 1970 to 2002, and all relevant papers were searched for further appropriate references. Papers were selected for inclusion when they addressed specifically the questions posed in this review. Results: All the major types of intermittent compression systems are successful in emptying deep veins of the lower limb and ...
(KudoZ) Polish to English translation of żyła odstrzałkowa: small/external/short saphenous vein [Medical: Cardiology (Medical)].
The anterior tibial veins are deep veins that run parallel to the anterior tibial artery. Blood is carried through superficial veins near the surface of the skin and into perforating veins, which are veins that perforate the deep fascia of muscles. From the perforating veins, blood moves into the anterior
A case of a portal venous aneurysm found incidentally on the staging of high-grade prostate cancer. In this case, the patient was asymptomatic and has not experienced any complications.
True or False. In patients with a proximal deep vein thrombosis (DVT) of the leg or pulmonary embolism (PE) provoked by a nonsurgical transient risk factor, treatment with anticoagulation for 3 months is recommended over treatment of a shorter period and treatment of a longer time-limited period. ...
Synonyms for circumflex femoral veins, medial in Free Thesaurus. Antonyms for circumflex femoral veins, medial. 63 synonyms for vein: blood vessel, mood, style, spirit, way, turn, note, key, character, attitude, atmosphere, tone, manner, bent, stamp, humour, tendency.... What are synonyms for circumflex femoral veins, medial?
Intermittent pneumatic compression devices combined with anticoagulants for prevention of symptomatic deep vein thrombosis after total knee arthroplasty: a pilot study Pengcheng Liu,* Junfeng Liu,* Liyang Chen, Kuo Xia, Xing Wu Department of Orthopedics, Shanghai Tenth People’s Hospital, School of Medicine, Tongji University, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China *These authors contributed equally to this work Objectives: To investigate the effectiveness of intermittent pneumatic compression (IPC) devices combined with anticoagulants for the prevention of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Patients and methods: In total 120 patients were involved in this pilot study. Patients in the control group received 10 mg of rivaroxaban per day after surgery. In addition to the prescription of rivaroxaban, IPC devices were used in the experimental group. The diagnosis of DVT was made by compression duplex ultrasound on postoperative day 9. Results: The incidence rates of
Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of Advantages of superficial femoral vein grafts for carotid artery reconstruction following carotid artery resection in the treatment of head and neck cancer. Together they form a unique fingerprint. ...
This medical exhibit depicts the veins of the leg. The main branches are labeled as follows iliac vein, femoral vein, greater saphenous vein, lower saphenous vein, tibial vein, popliteal vein. These are all potential sites for the formation of deep vein thrombosis (DVT).
Ulceration of the lower limb is a chronic, debilitating condition affecting an increasing percentage of the adult and elderly populations. Conservative treatment options are limited, and generally result in surgery or amputation. The purpose of this research was to investigate the feasibility of using intermittent pneumatic compression for the treatment and management of chronic non-healing leg ulcers. The aim was to develop a system capable of improving the healing of leg ulcers of varying causes through improving distal blood flow whilst also being comfortable and easy to use, to encourage patient compliance. Using Doppler ultrasound, it was demonstrated that intermittent pneumatic compression was capable of producing a distal blood flow response in the limb of a healthy volunteer. Further investigations examined the effect on this distal response of altering the cuff design, pressure and cycle duration in order to determine the optimal compression regime for enhancing the distal circulation ...
Tweet The use of intermittent pneumatic compression (IPC) in the treatment of lymphedema continues to be a topic of discussion and their use is neither accepted as a replacement nor component of complete decongestive therapy (CDT), the accepted gold standard of lymphedema treatment. However, recent studies suggest that there is a potential place for . . . → Read More: Intermittent Pneumatic Compression Devices in the Treatment and Management of Lymphedema. ...
Böhm A, Hricak V, Kozlovsky M, Sumbal J, Majerckik M, Tomasovic B, Baranova E, Pec J.. Case description: A 49-year-old male was transferred to CCU with recent massive, but hemodynamically stable, pulmonary embolism (PE) followed by symptomatic embolic stroke 3 days before the CCU admission. TEE echocardiography showed thrombus in foramen ovale (PFO), CCD Ultrasonography showed thrombi in the right popliteal vein. Emergent surgical thrombectomy and PFO closure were successfully performed. However the postoperative period was complicated by hemodynamic instability requiring ECMOECLS, recurrent massive PE, infection with disseminated intravascular coagulopathy and diffuse bleeding on continual heparin treatment. After multiple surgical revisions, hemotherapy and antibiotic treatment bleeding was stabilized and the infection subsided. The patient was discharged with minimal neurologic deficit and hemodynamically stabilized.. LINK. ...
Laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy with venous reconstruction is not commonly performed due to its technical challenges. In this video, we focus on the t
BACKGROUND. Protein disulfide isomerase (PDI) is a thiol isomerase secreted by vascular cells that is required for thrombus formation. Quercetin flavonoids inhibit PDI activity and block platelet accumulation and fibrin generation at the site of a vascular injury in mouse models, but the clinical effect of targeting extracellular PDI in humans has not been studied. METHODS. We conducted a multicenter phase II trial of sequential dosing cohorts to evaluate the efficacy of targeting PDI with isoquercetin to reduce hypercoagulability in cancer patients at high risk for thrombosis. Patients received isoquercetin at 500 mg (cohort A, n = 28) or 1000 mg (cohort B, n = 29) daily for 56 days, with laboratory assays performed at baseline and the end of the study, along with bilateral lower extremity compression ultrasound. The primary efficacy endpoint was a reduction in D-dimer, and the primary clinical endpoint included pulmonary embolism or proximal deep vein thrombosis. RESULTS. The administration of ...
Among patients with a Caprini score of ≥11 who received standard prophylaxis for venous thromboembolism (VTE), adjunctive intermittent pneumatic compression (IPC) resulted in a significantly lower incidence of asymptomatic venous thrombosis.
Benefits of Pneumatic Compression Massage : Improves circulation, Reduces water retention, Reduces swelling of the legs and ankles, Reduces swelling after surgery, Reduces swelling after radiation treatment, Stimulates the movement of stagnant lymphatic fluid and toxins, Accelerates weight loss by reducing toxins, Greatly improves quality of sleep
Outflow from collecting veins is via secondary conduit veins that have thicker walls and are less distensible. Most of these veins are subfascial and are surrounded by tissues that are dense and tight... more
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I have been getting a lot of diagnoses in vascular as immobility. No other diagnosis given. For example, 93970, venous duplex, bilateral. The impressi
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ABSCESO RETROFARINGEO PDF - DEFINICIÓN ABSCESO RETROFARINGEO (ARF) Es una infección profunda del cuello potencialmente seria y es poco frecuente. Infección. Celulitis amigdalina y
Venous Doppler ultrasound of lower extremities demonstrated left popliteal vein thrombosis. Computed tomography scan of the ... bilateral popliteal fossae pain, and diffuse upper abdominal pain. She had no history of liver disease or alcohol or illicit ... examination was remarkable only for mildly pale conjunctivae and mild abdominal tenderness and pain in the left popliteal fossa ...
"Femoral Popliteal Bypass Employing Modified Human Umbilical Cord Vein: An Assessment of Early Clinical Results.", Cardiovasc ... In the 1970s, Dardik pioneered the use of umbilical veins as a source of graft tissue for bypass surgeries along with his ... Recipient of the Hektoen Gold Medal from the American Medical Association in 1976 for work on developing the umbilical vein ...
The existence of a large popliteal cyst can be a risk factor for deep vein thrombosis. Furthermore, a ruptured popliteal cyst ... However, the presence of a popliteal cyst does not rule out deep vein thrombosis and warrants further investigation. ... DVT is excluded by the absence of a deep vein thrombosis, and the presence of a popliteal cyst is suggestive of ... the detection of a deep vein thrombosis. Once diagnosed, and after deep vein thrombosis other disease masquerades have been ...
The deep venous system of the thigh consists of the femoral vein, the proximal part of the popliteal vein, and various smaller ... The venae perfortantes connect the deep and the superficial system, which consists of the saphenous veins (the site of varicose ... veins). Thigh weakness can result in a positive Gowers' sign on physical examination. The thigh meat of some animals such as ...
... the common femoral vein and the popliteal vein. These veins are deep veins. Perforator veins drain superficial veins into the ... This maneuver is very useful for studying deep vein flow and detecting valvular incompetence, mainly at the popliteal vein ... The veins most often found to be incompetent are the saphenous veins and the perforators communicating with the deep veins of ... The great saphenous vein (GSV), and the small saphenous vein (SSV) are superficial veins which drain into respectively, ...
Those vessels become the popliteal vessels (popliteal artery and popliteal vein) immediately after they leave the hiatus, where ... Popliteal artery can also be damaged by the fracture of distal femur. Abnormality in the relationship between the adductor ... However, only two structures enter and then leave through the hiatus; namely the femoral artery and femoral vein. ... hiatus and the popliteal artery can also contribute to a condition called popliteal artery entrapment syndrome. Schema of the ...
... grasping the calf with both hands and pressing on the popliteal vein in the proximal calf. If the patient feels pain, it is a ... The Pratt Test is a simple test to check for deep vein thrombosis in the leg. It involves having the patient lie supine with ... sign that a deep vein thrombosis exists.[citation needed] Pratt's sign PRATT GH (June 1949). "An early sign of femoral ...
The primary reason Wood gave for changing her findings was her realization that the microscopic slides of the popliteal vein ...
... to assess incompetence between the short saphenous vein and the popliteal vein. Superficial veins of the leg normally empty ... it indicates that the deep and communicating veins are competent but the superficial veins are incompetent. The test is ... The veins will empty due to gravity or with the assistance of the examiner's hand squeezing blood towards the heart. A ... Normally the superficial saphenous vein will fill from below within 30-35 seconds as blood from the capillary beds reaches the ...
S: semimembranosus and semitendinosus (superior medial border) A: artery (popliteal artery) V: vein (popliteal vein) N: nerve ( ... empties into left renal vein -> IVC on left side) Renal vein Suprarenal vein (same drainage as gonadal vein) Hepatic vein ... Iliac vein (common) Lumbar vein Testicular (gonadal) vein (direct tributary on right side; ... Vein, Empty Space and Lymph, to include the deep inguinal lymph nodes located medial to the Femoral vein.[citation needed] A ...
It begins at the adductor hiatus (an opening in the adductor magnus muscle) and is a continuation of the popliteal vein. It ... Cephalic vein - is a superficial vein in the arm. It communicates with the basilic vein via the median cubital vein at the ... Common iliac vein - The common iliac veins are formed by the external iliac veins and internal iliac veins. The left and right ... Iliac vein, common - In human anatomy, the common iliac veins are formed by the external iliac veins and internal iliac veins. ...
... artery Popliteal vein Popliteal fossa Popliteal lymph nodes Popliteus muscle Popliteal nerves Popliteal pterygium ... Popliteal refers to anatomical structures located in the back of the knee: ... syndrome This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Popliteal. If an internal link led you here, you may ...
Femoral vein, whose segments are the common femoral vein and the subsartorial vein. Popliteal vein Anterior tibial vein ... On the back of the knee the popliteal artery runs through the popliteal fossa to the popliteal muscle where it divides into ... Superficial veins: Great saphenous vein Small saphenous Deep veins: ... The veins are subdivided into three systems. The deep veins return approximately 85 percent of the blood and the superficial ...
... popliteal vein popliteal artery, a continuation of the femoral artery small saphenous vein (termination) Popliteal lymph nodes ... Small saphenous vein and its tributaries. The popliteal, posterior tibial, and peroneal arteries. Nerves of the right lower ... the popliteal fascia. The floor is formed by: the popliteal surface of the femur. the capsule of the knee joint and the oblique ... The popliteal fossa (sometimes referred to as the hough,[1] or kneepit in analogy to the cubital fossa) is a shallow depression ...
Anteriorly: The popliteal surface of the femur, the knee joint, and the popliteus muscle. Posteriorly: The popliteal vein and ... Popliteal pulse: Because the popliteal artery is deep, it may be difficult to feel the popliteal pulse. Palpation of this pulse ... Popliteal aneurysm and hemorrhage: A popliteal aneurysm (abnormal dilation of all or part of the popliteal artery) usually ... Popliteal artery entrapment syndrome Popliteal artery The popliteal, posterior tibial, and peroneal arteries. Muscles of thigh ...
... posterior tibial vein, peronial vein, The small saphenous vein. Popliteal vein is labeled at top. The popliteal vein. Drake, ... The tributaries of the popliteal vein are as follows: Veins that correspond to branches given off by the popliteal artery (see ... The popliteal vein is formed by the junction of the venae comitantes of the anterior and posterior tibial vein at the lower ... It travels on the medial side of the popliteal artery. As it ascends through the fossa, it crosses behind the popliteal artery ...
... of the SSV which continues on to reach the GSV at the proximal third of the thigh instead of draining into the popliteal vein. ... The Giacomini vein is a communicant vein between the great saphenous vein (GSV) and the small saphenous vein (SSV). It is named ... Many discussions exist about this vein, some of them confusing to a non-expert reader. Insufficiency in the Giacomini vein can ... Another study in India found the vein to be present in 92% of those examined. It is located under the superficial fascia and ...
Deep vein of the thigh, whose entry marks the border between the subsartorial vein and common femoral vein. Popliteal vein, ... Femoral vein Femoral vein Femoral vein Femoral vein Femoral vein Femoral vein Jonas Keiler; Marko Schulze; Host Claassen; ... Several large veins drain into the femoral vein: Great saphenous vein, into the common femoral vein. ... The common femoral vein is the segment of the femoral vein between the branching point of the deep femoral vein and the ...
Differential diagnoses include; popliteal cyst, adventitial cyst, lymphadenopathy, varicose vein. It is unclear whether ... The popliteal fossa is to be examined bilaterally with the knee in a semi-flexed position. In some 60% of cases, the popliteal ... A popliteal artery aneurysm is a bulging (aneurysm) of the popliteal artery. A PAA is diagnosed when a focal dilation greater ... "Popliteal Artery Aneurysm". Vasculardoc.com. Retrieved 5 October 2014. Kassem, Mohammed M.; Gonzalez, Lorena (2020), "Popliteal ...
Moreover, the particular vein, great saphenous vein was shown to be more durable over the years after surgery. Also, when ... Standard Popliteal bypass surgery involves the bypass of the popliteal artery. During surgery, incisions are made depending on ... Popliteal bypass surgery, more specifically known as femoral popliteal bypass surgery (FPB) or more generally as lower ... incidence of popliteal bypass surgery associated infections. Infection contraction is common in popliteal bypass surgery ...
DVT most frequently affects veins in the leg or pelvis including the popliteal vein (behind the knee), femoral vein (of the ... DVT below the popliteal vein, a proximal vein behind the knee, is classified as distal and has limited clinical significance ... A pulmonary embolism (PE) occurs when a blood clot (thrombus) from a deep vein (a deep vein thrombosis) detaches from a vein ( ... cause vein fibrosis, and result in non-compliant veins. Organization of a thrombus into the vein can occur at the third stage ...
In addition, bent knees compresses the vein behind the knee (the popliteal vein) and the low humidity, low oxygen, high cabin ... Renal vein thrombosis (RVT) is the formation of a clot in the vein that drains blood from the kidneys, ultimately leading to a ... In an abnormal kidney with RVT, a blood clot is present in the renal vein. In cases where the renal vein is suddenly and/or ... that originates from the renal vein or any other vein in the body and migrates to the pulmonary artery. A pulmonary embolism is ...
This vein presents a number of different draining points. Usually, it drains into the popliteal vein, at or above the level of ... The small saphenous vein (also short saphenous vein or lesser saphenous vein), is a relatively large superficial vein of the ... Instead of draining in the popliteal vein, it can merge with the Giacomini vein and drain in the GSV at the superior 1/3 of the ... Endoscopic vein harvesting can be used to extract the vein from the leg minimally invasively. Popliteal fossa Cross-section ...
... on the back of the foot and empties into the popliteal vein. The anterior tibial veins drain the ankle joint, knee joint, ... The anterior tibial vein is a vein in the lower leg. In human anatomy, there are anterior two tibial veins. They originate and ... Like most deep veins in legs, anterior tibial veins are accompanied by the homonym artery, the anterior tibial artery, along ... in the interosseous membrane between the tibia and fibula and unite with the posterior tibial veins to form the popliteal vein ...
... near the knee it communicates with the popliteal vein by the Boyd perforator, in the thigh it communicates with the femoral ... The great saphenous vein (GSV, alternately "long saphenous vein"; /səˈfiːnəs/) is a large, subcutaneous, superficial vein of ... Varicose veins: The great saphenous vein, like other superficial veins, can become varicose; swollen, twisted and lengthened, ... Great saphenous vein. Deep dissection. Anterior view. Illustration depicting veins of the leg including great saphenous vein ( ...
They drain the posterior compartment of the leg and the plantar surface of the foot to the popliteal vein, which it forms when ... They drain the posterior compartment of the leg and the plantar surface of the foot to the popliteal vein. The posterior tibial ... The posterior tibial veins are veins of the leg in humans. ... The posterior tibial vein is accompanied by an homonym artery, ... They receive the most important perforator veins: the Cockett perforators, superior, medial and inferior. Cross-section through ...
Ultrasonography in suspected deep vein thrombosis focuses primarily on the femoral vein and the popliteal vein, because thrombi ... mainly for the common femoral vein and the popliteal vein. It is very useful in an emergency situation and is performed just by ... perpendicular to the vein axis), displaying cross-sections of the veins. All collateral veins are better detected this way, ... In a deep vein thrombosis (DVT), or in a superficial vein thrombosis where the thrombus is floating, an emergency situation ...
He did this using a saphenous vein graft to restore continuity after excision of a syphilitic aneurysm of the popliteal artery ... Pringle, J. H. (1913). "Two Cases of Vein-Grafting for the Maintenance of a Direct Arterial Circulation". The Lancet. 181 (4687 ... "An assistant," he wrote, "held the portal vein and the hepatic artery between a finger and thumb and completely arrested all ... Pringle was the first surgeon in Britain to carry out a free vein graft. ...
... hepatic veins MeSH A07.231.908.427 - iliac vein MeSH A07.231.908.498 - jugular veins MeSH A07.231.908.641 - popliteal vein MeSH ... umbilical veins MeSH A07.231.908.713 - pulmonary veins MeSH A07.231.908.752 - renal veins MeSH A07.231.908.783 - retinal vein ... retinal vein MeSH A07.231.908.077 - axillary vein MeSH A07.231.908.106 - azygos vein MeSH A07.231.908.130 - brachiocephalic ... portal vein MeSH A07.231.908.670.730 - splenic vein MeSH A07.231.908.670.874 - ...
The posterior tibial artery arises from the popliteal artery in the popliteal fossa. It is accompanied by a deep vein, the ... It branches from the popliteal artery via the tibial-fibular trunk. ... posterior tibial vein, along its course. It passes just posterior to the medial malleolus of the tibia, but anterior to the ...
... posterior tibial vein, peronial vein, The small saphenous vein. Popliteal vein is labeled at top. The popliteal vein. Drake, ... The tributaries of the popliteal vein are as follows: Veins that correspond to branches given off by the popliteal artery (see ... The popliteal vein is formed by the junction of the venae comitantes of the anterior and posterior tibial vein at the lower ... It travels on the medial side of the popliteal artery. As it ascends through the fossa, it crosses behind the popliteal artery ...
The junction of the anterior tibial vein and posterior tibial vein, near the knee, defines where the popliteal originates. ... Near the popliteal artery the popliteal vein follows and carries blood from the knee (as well as the thigh and calf muscles) ... The popliteal artery, located behind the knee, is where the popliteal vein begins to extend. The popliteal vein drains the ... Near the popliteal artery the popliteal vein follows and carries blood from the knee (as well as the thigh and calf muscles) ...
Abduelmenem Alashkham have presented their work at the British Association of Clinical Anatomists conference in which deep vein ... The popliteal vein immediately bifurcated into two veins, the popliteal vein proper and an aberrant vein. The popliteal vein ... the left popliteal vein was observed to have a variability. The popliteal vein, which is a continuation of the posterior and ... Whereas, the aberrant vein traversed the popliteal fossa and ran superiorly passing through muscles of the posterior, medial ...
This report describes popliteal vein entrapment in three patients and demonstrates that it may present with manifestations of ... During operation, an abnormal origin of the lesser saphenous vein (LSV) from the popliteal vein was found; the LSV took a ... and caused severe distortion and narrowing of the popliteal vein. Division of the LSV resulted in release of popliteal venous ... Popliteal Vein*. Thrombophlebitis / diagnosis, drug therapy*. Venous Insufficiency / diagnosis, etiology*. From MEDLINE®/PubMed ...
... The other day while shaving my legs, I felt a sudden pain behind my knee ... Terrified I have deep vein thrombosis. By louise0501 in forum Health Anxiety ...
A pilot study to clarify the association between popliteal vein compression (PVC) and deep venous thrombosis (DVT). METHOD: It ... OBJECTIVE: A pilot study to clarify the association between popliteal vein compression (PVC) and deep venous thrombosis (DVT). ... Duplex criteria for the diagnosis of a DVT were lack of flow and inability to compress the vein. The study was performed over ... Next Document: Great saphenous vein stump thrombosis after harvesting for coronary artery bypass graft surgery.. ...
The nonsaphenous vein of the popliteal fossa: prevalence, patterns of reflux, hemodynamic quantification, and clinical ... AdultAgedAged, 80 and overCross-Sectional StudiesFemaleHemodynamicsHumansKneeLegMaleMiddle AgedPopliteal VeinSaphenous Vein ... saphenous veins. Designated the popliteal fossa vein (PFV), it perforates the deep popliteal fascia and empties into the deep ... saphenous veins. Designated the popliteal fossa vein (PFV), it perforates the deep popliteal fascia and empties into the deep ...
Popliteal artery injury is associated with high energy injury, including knee dislocation and complex tibial plateau fractures ... Surgical Treatment of Traumatic Injury of the Artery and Popliteal Vein - A Case Report Paulo Eduardo Eduardo Ocke Reis1,3*, ... 2015) Surgical Treatment of Traumatic Injury of the Artery and Popliteal Vein - A Case Report. J Clin Case Rep 5:610. doi: ... Exploration revealed complete transection of the popliteal artery and vein just above the arterial trifurcation. The injured ...
Find out information about popliteal vein. A vein passing through the popliteal space, formed by merging of the tibial veins ... and continuing to become the femoral vein Explanation of popliteal vein ... popliteal vein. Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia. popliteal vein. [päp′lid·ē·əl ′vān] (anatomy) A vein ... Popliteal vein , Article about popliteal vein by The Free Dictionary https://encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com/popliteal+vein ...
Phlebitis and thrombophlebitis of popliteal vein, bilateral. 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Billable/Specific Code *I80.223 is a ... I80-I89 Diseases of veins, lymphatic vessels and lymph nodes, not elsewhere classified ... I80.221 Phlebitis and thrombophlebitis of right popliteal vein I80.222 Phlebitis and thrombophlebitis of left popliteal vein ... I80.22 Phlebitis and thrombophlebitis of popliteal vein ... 294 Deep vein thrombophlebitis with cc/mcc. *295 Deep vein ...
popliteal vein. anat སྒབ་རྩ་ནག་པོ། = སྒྱིད་ཁུག་ནས་ཐུར་དུ་སོར་བཞི་གཞལ་བའི་མཚམས་སུ་གནས་པའི་གཏར་རྩ་ཞིག་སྟེ། དེ་གཏར་ན་མཆིན་པ་ཆེར་ ...
Historical Background Anticoagulation has long been considered the gold standard for treatment of lower extremity deep vein ... More extensive DVT, particularly involving the femoral-popliteal segments, is best accessed from the ipsilateral popliteal vein ... Endovascular Treatment of Iliofemoral and Femoral-Popliteal Deep Vein Thrombosis. Historical Background Anticoagulation has ... B , Noncompressibility of the femoral vein confirms the diagnosis of DVT. A , Common femoral artery; V , common femoral vein. ...
... popliteal artery; pa: pseudoaneursym of the popliteal artery; v: popliteal vein; av: aneurysm of the popliteal vein. ... aneurysm of the popliteal vein; v: popliteal vein; (B) Medial surgical access; the arrow indicates the proximal anastomosis of ... Keywords: arteriovenous fistula; wounds and injuries; popliteal artery; popliteal vein; aneurysm, false; surgery ... a left popliteal artery pseudoaneurysm with a 2.6 cm diameter and an aneurysm of the popliteal vein with a 5 cm diameter ( ...
S85.519S is a billable code used to specify a medical diagnosis of laceration of popliteal vein, unspecified leg, sequela. Code ... Laceration of popliteal vein, unspecified leg, sequela. Long Description:. Laceration of popliteal vein, unspecified leg, ... code S85.519S might also be used to specify conditions or terms like injury of popliteal vein or laceration of popliteal vein ... Problems in your veins in your legs can lead to varicose veins or deep vein thrombosis. ...
Popliteal vein compression syndrome pathophysiology and correlation with popliteal compartment pressures. Martijn L. Dijkstra* ... Popliteal vein compression syndrome pathophysiology and correlation with popliteal compartment pressures. Journal of Vascular ... Popliteal vein compression syndrome pathophysiology and correlation with popliteal compartment pressures. / Dijkstra, Martijn L ... title = "Popliteal vein compression syndrome pathophysiology and correlation with popliteal compartment pressures", ...
Deep Vein Thrombosis. Edema. Pain. Leg. Arrhythmias, Cardiac. Amiodarone. Ischemic Heart Disease. Popliteal Vein. Iliac ... He was taken to theatre, and a reversed long saphenous vein femoro-popliteal bypass graft was performed with the graft ... A, P., S, C., Ahmed, M., A, K., & Lagattolla, N. (2016). Popliteal artery aneurysms masquerading as deep vein thrombosis. ... Parvaiz A, Chandran S, Muhammad Ahmed, Karim A, Nrf Lagattolla, Popliteal artery aneurysms masquerading as deep vein thrombosis ...
3 thoughts on "Popliteal Endarterectomy and Short Bypass in Lieu of Multisegment Vein Bypass" * Zekun Feng says: ... Popliteal Endarterectomy and Short Bypass in Lieu of Multisegment Vein Bypass. Posted on November 12, 2014. November 12, 2014. ... Vein mapping revealed a paucity of good vein -only a short segment in the proximal thigh on the left and for a short segment on ... Generally better to proceed with bypass if you have good vein to use. These are "Plan B" options when single segment large vein ...
Study Posterior Thigh and Popliteal Fossa flashcards from Courtney @Brainscape ... Popliteal artery and vein. Terminal branches of sciatic nerve (Tibial and Common Peroneal) ... Posterior Thigh and Popliteal Fossa Flashcards Preview Gross Anatomy 2 , Posterior Thigh and Popliteal Fossa , Flashcards ...
The popliteal artery is seen as a pulsating anechoic structure in the center of the scan. The popliteal vein may be compressed ... The probe is placed transversely at or just above the popliteal crease to visualize the femoral condyles and the popliteal ... The plane between the popliteal artery and the femur is the space through which the articular branches are traversing and is ... Sinha S, Abrams J, Sivasenthil S, Freitas D, DAlessio J, Barnett J, Weller R, Lewis C. Use of Ultrasound Guided Popliteal ...
Laceration of popliteal vein, right leg, sequela. 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Billable/Specific Code POA Exempt *S85.511S is a ... S85.59 Other specified injury of popliteal vein S85.591 Other specified injury of popliteal vein, right leg ... S85.51 Laceration of popliteal vein S85.511 Laceration of popliteal vein, right leg ...
Mini-invasive foam sclerotherapy-assisted ligation versus surgical flush ligation for incompetent sapheno-popliteal junction ... Keywords: Small saphenous vein; ligation; nerve damage; sapheno-popliteal junction; sclerotherapy. MeSH terms * Female ... Mini-invasive foam sclerotherapy-assisted ligation versus surgical flush ligation for incompetent sapheno-popliteal junction ...
What is great saphenous vein? Meaning of great saphenous vein medical term. What does great saphenous vein mean? ... Looking for online definition of great saphenous vein in the Medical Dictionary? great saphenous vein explanation free. ... femoral vein. The vein that accompanies the femoral artery. The femoral vein is the continuation of the popliteal vein as it ... Labbé vein. See: Labbé vein. lesser saphenous vein. Short saphenous vein.. lingual vein. The dorsal or the deep lingual vein, ...
Noun 1. femoral vein - a vein that accompanies the femoral artery in the same sheath; a continuation of the popliteal vein; ... femoral vein synonyms, femoral vein pronunciation, femoral vein translation, English dictionary definition of femoral vein. ... femoral vein - a vein that accompanies the femoral artery in the same sheath; a continuation of the popliteal vein; becomes the ... femoral vein. Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.. Related to femoral vein: popliteal vein ...
Contemporary results after sapheno-popliteal bypass for chronic femoral vein occlusion. Dawn M. Coleman, John E. Rectenwald, ... Contemporary results after sapheno-popliteal bypass for chronic femoral vein occlusion. Journal of Vascular Surgery: Venous and ... Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of Contemporary results after sapheno-popliteal bypass for chronic femoral vein ... Contemporary results after sapheno-popliteal bypass for chronic femoral vein occlusion. / Coleman, Dawn M.; Rectenwald, John E ...
The sequelae of deep vein thromboses (DVTs) range from the more common chronic venous stasis to the most serious pulmonary ... the posterior tibial vein, and the peroneal vein. Anatomic variability is not uncommon, and the popliteal vein is often seen ... When examining the popliteal vein, the patient needs to expose the popliteal fossa on the posteromedial aspect of the knee. The ... The popliteal vein is usually posterior to the popliteal artery. Given the posterior approach of the probe (transducer face is ...
Popliteal lymph nodes, muscles, arteries and veins of the leg and foot. Return to Book View. ... Popliteal lymph nodes, lymphatic venules, muscles, arteries and veins of the leg and foot, deep dissection. Lateral and ... Popliteal lymph nodes, muscles, arteries and veins of the leg and foot ... HOME » Anatomia Collection » Vasorum lymphaticorum corporis humani historia et ichnographia. » Popliteal lymph nodes, muscles, ...
Popliteal fossa. The popliteal fossa is a diamond-shaped intermuscular space situated at the back of the knee Slideshow 2075449 ... popliteal vein • The popliteal vein begins at the distal border of the popliteus as a continuation of the posterior tibial vein ... 2. Popliteal arteries and veins. • 3. Tibial and common fibular nerves. • 4. Posterior cutaneous nerve of thigh • 5. Popliteal ... Popliteal fossa. Lower limb. Popliteal fossa. The popliteal fossa is a diamond-shaped intermuscular space situated at the back ...
Popliteal artery entrapment syndrome (PAES) is a relatively rare condition that occurs in young patients as a result of ... anomalous anatomic relationships between the popliteal artery and the surrounding musculotendinous structures. Patients usually ... MHG: medial head of gastrocnemius, PA: popliteal artery, and PV: popliteal vein.. ... The anatomical basis of popliteal entrapment was first described by Stuart in 1879 [1] and the term "popliteal artery ...
Popliteal deep vein thrombosis: diagnosed in 2006. The D/O was placed on coumadin (blood thinner). ... Deep Vein Thrombosis and Anticoagulation Therapy. The D/O was diagnosed with venous thrombosis in June 2006 when he was ... The D/O had six known conditions relevant to medical clearance: aortic valve stenosis, CHD, diabetes mellitus, deep vein ... The D/O had five conditions (CHD, hyperglycemia, deep vein thrombosis, full-dose anticoagulation treatment, and beta blocker ...
  • As it ascends through the fossa, it crosses behind the popliteal artery so that it comes to lie on its lateral side. (wikipedia.org)
  • Whereas, the aberrant vein traversed the popliteal fossa and ran superiorly passing through muscles of the posterior, medial and then anterior compartments of the thigh and terminate by draining into the femoral vein in the femoral triangle. (ed.ac.uk)
  • Designated the popliteal fossa vein (PFV), it perforates the deep popliteal fascia and empties into the deep system. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • The limb involved had no palpable distal pulses and thrill and murmur were detectable from the groin to the proximal third of the leg (with greatest intensity in the popliteal fossa). (scielo.br)
  • A selective tibial nerve block in the popliteal fossa is an alternative to sciatic nerve block and can provide analgesia without causing a foot drop, but it decreases sensory perception in the sole of the foot and causes weakness of plantar flexion [3] . (asra.com)
  • Necrotic tissue in the muscle compartments of the thigh and popliteal fossa was debrided and the wound left open. (annalskemu.org)
  • A vein that drains blood from the lower leg and foot and that merges with the posterior tibial vein to form the popliteal vein in the popliteal fossa. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The popliteal artery passes inferolaterally through the fossa and ends at the inferior border of the popliteus by dividing into the anterior and posteriortibial arteries. (slideserve.com)
  • Axial T1-weighted MRI images through both knees at the level of the popliteal fossa showing the medial head of the gastrocnemius muscle (white arrow) going between the popliteal artery (white arrow head) and vein (black arrow head). (hindawi.com)
  • The popliteal fossa has the semitendinosus and semimembranosus medially and the biceps femoris laterally. (medscape.com)
  • The tibial nerve is the larger of the 2 divisions and runs in the middle of popliteal fossa passing inferiorly through the 2 heads of the gastrocnemius. (medscape.com)
  • The common peroneal nerve follows the tendon of the bicep femoris along the lateral margin of the popliteal fossa. (medscape.com)
  • Popliteal vein is usually a single vein present deep in the popliteal fossa which is formed by the union of venae comitantes of the anterior and posterior tibial arteries. (elsevier.com)
  • Result: We noted the presence of unilateral doublepopliteal veins which were formed at the lower end of popliteal fossa. (elsevier.com)
  • The popliteal fossa is to be examined bilaterally with the knee in a semi-flexed position. (wikipedia.org)
  • The biceps and semitendinosus tendons, which are palpable and visible, form, respectively, the lateral and medial boundaries of the popliteal fossa (see fig. 15-9 ). (dartmouth.edu)
  • Popliteal artery entrapment syndrome is a condition whereby compression of the popliteal artery, popliteal vein, and/or tibial nerve in the popliteal fossa by surrounding musculoskeletal structures results in vascular and neurogenic symptoms. (healio.com)
  • The sciatic nerve in the popliteal fossa is bordered superolaterally by the long head of the biceps femoris muscle and superomedially by the semimembranosus and semitendinosus muscles. (usra.ca)
  • Figure A shows the sciatic nerve (arrowheads) in the popliteal fossa before it divides. (usra.ca)
  • Figure B shows the sciatic nerve has divided into the tibial (TN) and peroneal (PN) components more caudad in the popliteal fossa. (usra.ca)
  • Twenty-seven days after vaccination, she awoke with pain in her right popliteal fossa and upper leg without prior trauma. (tidsskriftet.no)
  • The next day, she still had severe pain in her popliteal fossa and upper leg, and asked a colleague in the Department of Radiology to carry out an ultrasound examination to rule out deep vein thrombosis. (tidsskriftet.no)
  • It shows the surgical anatomy of the Back of Thigh and Popliteal Fossa. (merlot.org)
  • During routine dissection of an 81-year- old male cadaver in Anatomy, University of Edinburgh, the left popliteal vein was observed to have a variability. (ed.ac.uk)
  • The patient's left lower extremity was examined with ultrasound showing patency of the left common femoral vein, thrombosis of the left popliteal vein. (aapc.com)
  • This image demonstrates a non-compressive left popliteal vein in the left lower leg. (cedars-sinai.edu)
  • Thirty-seven days ago I had my left popliteal vein removed. (veindirectory.org)
  • Small saphenous vein, which perforates the deep fascia and passes between the two heads of the gastrocnemius muscle to end in the popliteal vein. (wikipedia.org)
  • The small saphenous vein drained into the aberrant vein in mid-thigh. (ed.ac.uk)
  • Great saphenous vein stump thrombosis after harvesting for coronary artery bypass graft surgery. (biomedsearch.com)
  • A large tortuous vein coursing over the posterior aspect of the knee and the upper calf may give rise to a constellation of varicose veins unrelated to the great (GSV) or small (SSV) saphenous veins. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • A larger gap was bridged with a reverse saphenous vein graft to treat the popliteal artery. (omicsonline.org)
  • Typically the lesser saphenous vein pierces the popliteal fascia, passing between the two heads of gastrocnemius to drain into the popliteal vein (Grant and Basmajian 1965, Hollinshead 1969, Gardner et al 1975, Woodburne and Burkel 1988, Moore and Dalley 2006). (thefreedictionary.com)
  • He was taken to theatre, and a reversed long saphenous vein femoro-popliteal bypass graft was performed with the graft tunnelled subcutaneously through uninfected tissue. (annalskemu.org)
  • The short segment of proximal greater saphenous vein was harvested -it was of suitable caliber, but below its first major tributary point, the veins was thick walled and small. (vascsurg.me)
  • 1. Termination of the small saphenous vein. (slideserve.com)
  • The small saphenous vein passes from the posterior aspect of the lateral malleolus to the poplitealfossa, where it pierces the deep popliteal fascia and enters the popliteal vein. (slideserve.com)
  • Having excluded bilateral disease on the MRI, the patient underwent surgery-division of the medial head of gastrocnemius with autogenous saphenous vein interposition graft. (hindawi.com)
  • Sapheno-popliteal bypass (SPB) remains a surgical reconstructive option for select patients that demonstrate patency of the popliteal vein, great saphenous vein, saphenofemoral junction, and iliac veins. (elsevier.com)
  • 7 Treatment is surgical, which can be accomplished using endovascular procedures or open surgery (interposition or bypass with the great saphenous vein reversed or a prosthetic graft), with or without resection of the aneurysm. (scielo.br)
  • We conclude after 5-16 years of follow-up that a bypass with saphenous vein and simultaneously profundoplsty have better patency rates at all intervals and needs fewer reoperations. (surgjournal.ru)
  • Duplex sonography revealed reflux and varicose veins of the left great saphenous vein (GSV). (bvsalud.org)
  • Dorsal venous arch (drains medially into great saphenous vein and laterally into lesser saphenous vein), Great saphenous vein and small saphenous vein. (brainscape.com)
  • Where does the great saphenous vein lie? (brainscape.com)
  • The saphenous opening (figs. 13-1 and 15-3 ) is a gap in the fascia lata inferolateral to the pubic tubercle and overlying the femoral vein. (dartmouth.edu)
  • It transmits the great saphenous vein, which joins the femoral vein. (dartmouth.edu)
  • The fascia forms a sharp, falciform margin lateral to the great saphenous vein. (dartmouth.edu)
  • The saphenous opening is covered by the cribriform fascia, which is pierced by the saphenous vein and some tributaries. (dartmouth.edu)
  • The sheath is formed anteriorly by the transverslis fascia of the abdomen (pierced by the femoral branch of the genitofemoral nerve and the great saphenous vein) and posteriorly by the iliac fascia. (dartmouth.edu)
  • Combined Use of n-Butyl Cyanoacrylate and Foam Sclerotherapy in Great Saphenous Vein Truncal Ablation: Preliminary Experience. (elsevier.com)
  • The effects of saphenous vein surgery on ulcer healing and venous haemodynamics were assessed in limbs with superficial reflux alone or in combination with deep venous reflux. (bl.uk)
  • I had a vein ligation done on the saphenous vein about 2 months ago. (veindirectory.org)
  • Shenoy AM, Wiesman J. Saphenous mononeuropathy after popliteal vein aneurysm repair. (bu.edu)
  • both proximal and distal arterial lumen were flushed with heparinized saline solution, than we did a temporary endoluminal shunt for both vascular popliteal injuries to decrease the duration of ischemia two hours after the patient arrived at the hospital (Figure 2). (omicsonline.org)
  • The infragenicular segment of the popliteal artery was dissected and repaired, but because of the large volume of the dilatations of the vessels involved, the surgical field was not large enough to obtain proximal control safely. (scielo.br)
  • The intervening popliteal artery with its mycotic portion was ligated proximal and distal to the area of sepsis. (annalskemu.org)
  • Vein mapping revealed a paucity of good vein -only a short segment in the proximal thigh on the left and for a short segment on the right. (vascsurg.me)
  • The plaque, because it is larger the more proximal you go, came out with some difficulty via the below knee popliteal artery. (vascsurg.me)
  • and finally stable patients without aortoenteric fistula (patients that do not have direct communication between proximal anastomosis and bowel but infected paraanastomotic sinus) should receive in situ revascularization using autogenous superficial femoral vein or aortoiliac allograft (Level 2c, Recommendation C) (2). (thefreedictionary.com)
  • An angiogram revealed a thrombotic occlusion of the proximal half of the popliteal artery and a small embolus in the mid-peroneal artery (Figure 1 ). (hindawi.com)
  • Background: Chronic occlusion of the femoral or the proximal popliteal vein responsible for venous obstruction and the constellation of clinical sequelae that ensue remains a surgical challenge that carries notable patient morbidity. (elsevier.com)
  • To rule in or out a more proximal venous obstruction in the presence of rouleaux, the authors recommend that the operator look for direct visualization of a thrombus or examine compressibility of the proximal veins. (medscape.com)
  • The sciatic nerve divides into the tibial and common peroneal nerve about 5-12 cm proximal to the popliteal crease. (medscape.com)
  • It separates into its terminal branches about 6 cm proximal to the popliteal crease into the tibial nerve and the common peroneal nerve. (medscape.com)
  • Popliteal vessel anatomy study and venography research provide critical information for the PV valve construction part selection, which stayed proximal to the communications of GV and PV. (bvsalud.org)
  • We conclude that ultrasonography with the single criterion of vein compressibility is a highly accurate, simple, objective, and reproducible noninvasive method for detecting proximal-vein thrombosis in outpatients with clinically suspected deep-venous thrombosis. (nih.gov)
  • Incidental proximal DVT (popliteal vein or higher). (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • However, 20% or more develop in the popliteal vein, femoral vein, and iliac branches, and more than 95% of pulmonary emboli originate in these more proximal deep veins of the lower extremities. (monster.com)
  • Preventing the development of proximal DVT is clinically important since fatal PE occurs primarily as a complication of DVT in the proximal veins. (monster.com)
  • Proximal DVT is defined as DVT in or above the popliteal vein. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • There is complete occlusion of the more proximal femoral vein. (aapc.com)
  • We then placed a long 7-French Destination sheath at the level of the proximal right superficial femoral vein. (aapc.com)
  • Prandoni P, Cogo A, Bernardi E, Villalta S et al (1993) A simple ultrasound approach for detection of recurrent proximal vein thrombosis. (springer.com)
  • Most clinically important PEs originate from proximal DVT of the leg (popliteal, femoral, or iliac veins). (aafp.org)
  • The popliteal vein drains the peroneal vein before it reaches the knee joint, where it becomes the femoral vein. (healthline.com)
  • The location of the tibial nerve (superficial to popliteal artery) and the common peroneal nerve (lateral edge of sonogram) can be seen by changing the tilt of the transducer. (asra.com)
  • We recommend that the needle should be inserted in a medial to lateral direction and the needle tip not be pushed 2 cm beyond the lateral edge of the popliteal artery to avoid anesthetizing the common peroneal nerve and causing a foot-drop. (asra.com)
  • I felt that popliteal endarterectomy and distal SFA remote endarterectomy offered a good option for revascularization, with either a patch repair or a short bypass to the peroneal artery. (vascsurg.me)
  • Any of the veins that accompany the peroneal artery and enter the popliteal vein. (dictionary.com)
  • Therefore, understanding the anatomy of the lower extremity veins is essential for successful varicose vein treatment. (ed.ac.uk)
  • In CDT of a lower extremity, the catheter usually is inserted into the popliteal vein , threaded through the vein's lumen and placed directly into the clot. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Anticoagulation has long been considered the gold standard for treatment of lower extremity deep vein thrombosis (DVT). (thoracickey.com)
  • A popliteal nerve block is indicated for pain control perioperatively or postoperatively below the patella, the distal two thirds of the lower extremity especially for the ankle or foot but works well for the calf and Achilles tendon. (medscape.com)
  • Popliteal artery entrapment syndrome is a condition in which compression of the popliteal neurovascular structures results in symptoms of lower extremity claudication by way of a constricting anatomic structure or a hypertrophied surrounding musculature. (healio.com)
  • Deep vein thrombosis of lower extremity: direct intraclot injection of alteplase once daily with systemic anticoagulation--results of pilot study. (medscape.com)
  • The ultrasound and venogram shows extensive acute thrombosis of the deep venous system in the left lower extremity from the popliteal vein up to and near the confluence of the common femoral vein. (aapc.com)
  • The repeat venogram of the left lower extremity shows some improvement in lysis of the distal popliteal and femoral vein. (aapc.com)
  • Effect of external valvuloplasty of the deep vein in the treatment of chronic venous insufficiency of the lower extremity. (semanticscholar.org)
  • The superficial femoral vein, despite its name, is actually part of the deep and not superficial venous system. (saem.org)
  • 2. We then performed a right superficial femoral vein angiogram through the sheath and this showed occlusive thrombus at the level of the right common femoral vein. (aapc.com)
  • The popliteal vein and artery were entrapped by a fibrous extension of the medial head of the gastrocnemius muscle attaching to the lateral femoral condyle. (biomedsearch.com)
  • An MRI scan was subsequently performed and showed the medial head of the gastrocnemius muscle going between the popliteal artery and vein where it inserted in a more lateral position (Figure 2 ). (hindawi.com)
  • In the 102 patients , 93.7% patients had one pair of valves in popliteal vein (PV), locating in the distal 1/3 segment of PV, with gastrocnemius veins (GV) joining with PV above PV valves. (bvsalud.org)
  • The term popliteal artery entrapment syndrome was coined by Love and Whelan in 1965, and their modified classification system describes progressively worsening compression of the popliteal artery caused by anatomic variation of the gastrocnemius muscle or an aberrant course of the artery as well as an entrapment of the artery or nerve with motion. (healio.com)
  • Functional popliteal artery entrapment syndrome was subtyped as a form of overuse injury associated with hypertrophy of the medial gastrocnemius, plantaris, and soleus muscles, without clear anatomic variants of the vasculature. (healio.com)
  • In functional popliteal artery entrapment syndrome, during active plantarflexion, the neurovascular bundle is compressed against the lateral femoral condyle by the plantaris and gastrocnemius muscles proximally and the soleus muscle distally. (healio.com)
  • Radiographs showed multiple fractures (Figure 1) from both legs and angiography revealed a stop at the left popliteal artery and that there was no pathway to distal flow. (omicsonline.org)
  • The popliteal vein begins at the distal border of the popliteus as a continuation of the posterior tibial vein. (slideserve.com)
  • On the left side, there were normal palpable femoral and popliteal pulses, but no palpable distal pulses. (hindawi.com)
  • Intraoperative superficial femoral artery balloon angioplasty and popliteal to distal bypass graft: an option for combined open and endovascular treatment of diabetic gangrene // J Vasc Surg. (surgjournal.ru)
  • The catheter was removed over a wire and replaced with a 4-French multiple sidehole infusion catheter which was positioned within the popliteal and distal femoral vein. (aapc.com)
  • Thrombus was then revealed in the distal popliteal vein (Figure 1). (tidsskriftet.no)
  • Distal popliteal vein shown upon compression. (tidsskriftet.no)
  • Type V - includes compression of the popliteal artery and the popliteal vein. (upmc.com)
  • Your UPMC vascular surgeon can treat PAES through open surgery to release the compression of the popliteal artery. (upmc.com)
  • In such cases, compression of the popliteal artery may be due to an anatomically normal but hypertrophic muscle. (isakos.com)
  • Near the popliteal artery the popliteal vein follows and carries blood from the knee (as well as the thigh and calf muscles) back to the heart. (healthline.com)
  • The junction of the anterior tibial vein and posterior tibial vein, near the knee, defines where the popliteal originates. (healthline.com)
  • The popliteal artery, located behind the knee, is where the popliteal vein begins to extend. (healthline.com)
  • Air plethysmography revealed ambulatory venous hypertension, whereas venography demonstrated reflux down to the knee with an extrinsic narrowing at the midpopliteal vein. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Popliteal artery injury is associated with high energy injury, including knee dislocation and complex tibial plateau fractures or supracondylar femur fractures. (omicsonline.org)
  • Strength of Evidence = C) Hyperextension of the knee may cause obstruction of the popliteal vein , and this could predispose the individual to deep vein thrombosis. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The presence of risk factors should alert the clinician to the increased possibility of DVT, which most commonly occurs above the popliteal vein and the knee. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The articular branches, after arising from the main trunks of the tibial and obturator nerves, travel through a tissue space between the popliteal artery and the femur to innervate the posterior capsule of the knee (Figure 2). (asra.com)
  • These articular branches can be blocked by infiltrating this tissue plane between the popliteal artery and the capsule of the knee (iPACK) with local anesthetic solution under ultrasound guidance. (asra.com)
  • In PVCS, the popliteal vein internal diameter was 9.4 mm (range, 8.0-20.0 mm) upon knee flexion, compared with 0 mm (range, 0.0-0.1 mm) upon knee extension. (edu.au)
  • The below knee popliteal space was opened and the popliteal through tibioperoneal trunk bifurcation was exposed. (vascsurg.me)
  • This restored pulsatile flow to the below knee popliteal artery. (vascsurg.me)
  • In the poplitealfossa, the popliteal artery gives rise to branches, which supply adjacent muscles, and to a series of geniculate arteries, which contribute to vascular anastomoses around the knee. (slideserve.com)
  • The popliteal artery is the main artery that runs through and behind the knee. (upmc.com)
  • In some 60% of cases, the popliteal aneurysm presents as a palpable pulsatile mass at the level of the knee joint. (wikipedia.org)
  • Schroeder J. Catheter lysis and percutaneous transluminal angioplasty below the knee via the popliteal artery in a patient with femoral artery obstruction: technical note. (springer.com)
  • Knee dislocations are a potential vascular emergency and can be associated with damage to the popliteal artery in the back of the knee. (medicinenet.com)
  • This can tear the popliteal artery that runs behind the knee and supplies the leg and foot with blood. (medicinenet.com)
  • As the primary distributor of oxygenated blood to regions around the knee, the artery is not the same as the popliteal vein. (healthline.com)
  • An ultrasound found that another vein has varicosed in the same area (behind my knee). (veindirectory.org)
  • I had a vein that ran from the middle of my left thigh and under my knee stripped. (veindirectory.org)
  • An ultrasound of the abdomen and both lower limbs showed that the thrombosis of the right popliteal vein and portal vein had no significant alteration compared with previous images. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • A venogram showed thrombus within the right popliteal vein. (bmj.com)
  • 1. With the help of ultrasound, we accessed the right popliteal vein. (aapc.com)
  • The tributaries of the popliteal vein are as follows: Veins that correspond to branches given off by the popliteal artery (see popliteal artery). (wikipedia.org)
  • For all veins, the precursor veins that empty into a secondary vein are called tributaries of the secondary vein. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Tributaries of the accessory hemiazygos vein include the left superior intercostal veins, the upper left intercostal veins, and left bronchial veins. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Tributaries of the axillary vein include the brachial, the cephalic, and the subscapular veins. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Both the veins were found closely related to the popliteal artery and both of them received tributaries. (elsevier.com)
  • The branches arising from these plexuses unite together into trunks, and these, in their passage toward the heart, constantly increase in size as they receive tributaries, or join other veins. (theodora.com)
  • Through these tributaries it communicates with the inferior gluteal vein higher up and the popliteal vein lower down. (innerbody.com)
  • Former MSc Human Anatomy students Leandros Rapteas, Rena Taher, Julie Dockerty, Scott Findlater and their supervisor Abduelmenem Alashkham have presented their work at the British Association of Clinical Anatomists conference in which deep vein thrombosis occurs at an annual incidence of about 1 per 1000 adults. (ed.ac.uk)
  • To conclude, variations in lower limb venous anatomy are common and have important implications for the US diagnosis of deep vein thrombosis. (ed.ac.uk)
  • To analyze anatomy data of popliteal veins (PV), with the purpose of selection of popliteal venous valves construction segment via venography , and to evaluate the surgical results. (bvsalud.org)
  • From February 1998 to November 2010, after analyzing the popliteal vessel anatomy data of 39 limbs and related phlebography research of 862 cases, 102 patients (69 male and 33 female patients , aged from 48 to 71 years, mean 59 years) with severe deep venous insufficiency were selected for popliteal venous valve construction procedures . (bvsalud.org)
  • What is the anatomy and function of collecting veins in the deep venous system? (medscape.com)
  • What is the anatomy and function of the external iliac vein? (medscape.com)
  • The popliteal vein is formed by the junction of the venae comitantes of the anterior and posterior tibial vein at the lower border of the popliteus muscle. (wikipedia.org)
  • From this point, the probe is moved cephalad, keeping the popliteal artery in view, till the discontinuous, interrupted hyperechoic line of the condyles changes to a continuous, hyper-echoic silhouette of the femoral shaft just cranial to the condyles. (asra.com)
  • It passes through the adductor hiatus (the opening in the adductor magnus) to become the femoral vein. (wikipedia.org)
  • This change occurs as the popliteal vein leaves the adductor canal, an open space inside the thigh that is also known as Hunter's canal. (healthline.com)
  • The popliteal vein proper followed its classical course and ran through the adductor hiatus and continued as a femoral vein. (ed.ac.uk)
  • In the adductor canal both the popliteal veins joined to form the femoral vein. (elsevier.com)
  • The adductor canal was described in the eighteenth century by John Hunter, who ligated the femoral artery in it to treat popliteal aneurysm. (dartmouth.edu)
  • It travels on the medial side of the popliteal artery. (wikipedia.org)
  • the LSV took a medial route, compressed the tibial nerve, and caused severe distortion and narrowing of the popliteal vein. (biomedsearch.com)
  • It runs downward through the poplitealfossa, lying first on the lateral side of the popliteal artery, then posterior to it, and finally medial to it. (slideserve.com)
  • The medial and lateral femoral circumflex veins are also received. (innerbody.com)
  • Popliteal artery aneurysms are the most frequent type of peripheral aneurysm, accounting for 85% of the all of these aneurysms. (scielo.br)
  • Clinical examination and ultrasound imaging confirmed a diagnosis of bilateral aneurysms of the popliteal arteries. (scielo.br)
  • Popliteal artery aneurysms can be treated with open bypass surgery, with or without aneurysm resection, or with endovascular surgery. (scielo.br)
  • Popliteal artery aneurysms account for approximately 85% of all peripheral arterial aneurysms and are bilateral in 50% of patients. (scielo.br)
  • 4 , 5 In the majority of cases, these aneurysms are asymptomatic, although as volume increases they can cause pain and edema due to compression of nerves and veins. (scielo.br)
  • Popliteal artery aneurysms rarely rupture and their most significant complications are thrombosis and embolization. (scielo.br)
  • The patient was a 72-year-old male who presented with bilateral popliteal artery aneurysms, was otherwise asymptomatic, and had a history of arterial hypertension and dyslipidemia. (scielo.br)
  • On physical examination there were palpable pulsatile masses suggestive of aneurysms in both popliteal regions, with no thrill or murmur in either limb. (scielo.br)
  • Long-term follow-up is needed to define the fate of aneurysms and varicose vein graft. (bvsalud.org)
  • Rubin BG, Beak BI, Reilly JM (1995) Fusiform aneurysms of the popliteal vein. (springer.com)
  • The popliteal vein, which is a continuation of the posterior and anterior tibial veins was formed at popliteus inferior border. (ed.ac.uk)
  • The patient complained of pain in the left lower limb, which had developed edema, varicose veins, ochrodermatitis and ulceration of the anterior surface of the leg. (scielo.br)
  • The anterior wall or floor : Popliteal surface of the femur and the popliteus muscle. (slideserve.com)
  • Most thrombi form in the deep calf veins - in the valve sinuses of the soleal veins or behind the valve cusps in the posterior and anterior tibial veins. (monster.com)
  • Deep Vein Thrombosis - I had a blood clot in my popliteal vein and a pulmonary embolism? (drugs.com)
  • Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) together comprise a disease process called venous thromboembolism (VTE). (saem.org)
  • Deep vein thrombosis ( DVT ) is the primary cause of fatal and nonfatal pulmonary embolism (PE). (monster.com)
  • Management of massive and submassive pulmonary embolism, iliofemoral deep vein thrombosis, and chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association. (medscape.com)
  • Trends in the incidence of deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism: a 25-year population-based study. (medscape.com)
  • At all levels, the popliteal vein is found between the popliteal artery and the tibial nerve 2 . (radiopaedia.org)
  • Chronic symptoms are most often secondary to the mass effect exerted upon adjoining structures by the aneurysm (e.g. pain and paresthesias due to tibial nerve compression, calf swelling due to compression of the popliteal vein). (wikipedia.org)
  • Popliteal sciatic nerve block is indicated for procedures in the foot and ankle. (usra.ca)
  • The sciatic nerve is commonly hyperechoic in this region and is found lateral to the popliteal artery. (usra.ca)
  • The hyperechoic sciatic nerve in this location is always superficial to the femur and lateral to the popliteal artery. (usra.ca)
  • Ultrasound guided sciatic nerve block in the popliteal region is considered a BASIC skill level block because the nerve is easily visualized. (usra.ca)
  • The needle is advanced till the needle tip is positioned 2 cm beyond the lateral border of the popliteal artery. (asra.com)
  • it accompanies the axillary artery and becomes the subclavian vein at the lateral border of the first rib. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • They are lateral and superficial to the popliteal artery and vein in a separate sheath. (medscape.com)
  • Ultrasound confirms thrombosis of the right common femoral vein in a woman with acute onset of right thigh pain. (thoracickey.com)
  • V , common femoral vein. (thoracickey.com)
  • A Doppler ultrasound revealed 10x12 cm hematoma in his right thigh, acute thrombosis in his right common femoral vein , and true saccular RAA. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Using ultrasound guidance and a micropuncture needle, access was gained into the left common femoral vein. (aapc.com)
  • A selective venogram of the femoral vein was performed showing extensive thrombus up to the origin of the common femoral vein. (aapc.com)
  • We performed AngioJet thrombectomy at the level of the right common femoral vein, the right iliac veins, and the inferior vena cava into the inferior vena cava filter. (aapc.com)
  • 8. We then performed aggressive balloon angioplasty with a 10 X 40-mm balloon at the level of the right common femoral vein, the right iliac veins, and the inferior vena cava. (aapc.com)
  • 10. We performed angiography at the multiple levels including the common femoral vein, the iliac veins, and the inferior vena cava in order to localize the residual thrombus. (aapc.com)
  • Popliteal vein entrapment presenting as deep venous thrombosis and chronic venous insufficiency. (biomedsearch.com)
  • OBJECTIVE This study was conducted to verify the efficacy of external valvuloplasty of the femoral vein in the treatment of primary chronic venous insufficiency (PCVI). (semanticscholar.org)
  • Popliteal vein external banding at the valve-free segment to treat severe chronic venous insufficiency. (semanticscholar.org)
  • The repair of vein was made in the case of the axillary, femoral and popliteal veins using direct repair or vein graft techniques, and other venous injuries were ligated. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • 6) have used the axillary artery to popliteal vein bypass. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The larger arteries such as the axillary, subclavian, popliteal, and femoral have usually only one accompanying vein. (theodora.com)
  • Intraoperative venography demonstrates thrombus within the inferior vena cava ( A ), common iliac vein ( B ), and femoral vein ( C ). (thoracickey.com)
  • At the level of the fifth lumbar vertebra, the 2 common iliac veins come together at an acute angle to form the inferior vena cava. (medscape.com)
  • Noninvasive studies confirmed occlusions with thrombus in the iliac veins and inferior vena cava. (aapc.com)
  • 4. We then took a Glidewire and a glide catheter and crossed the occluded femoral vein, iliac vein, and inferior vena cava uneventfully. (aapc.com)
  • This vessel ramifies in the substance of the liver and there breaks up into a minute network of capillary-like vessels, from which the blood is conveyed by the hepatic veins to the inferior vena cava. (theodora.com)
  • behind the sternal head of the sternocleidomastoid muscle, the vein turns laterally and empties into the external jugular vein (or, sometimes, into the subclavian vein). (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Multisegment vein bypass on the other hand, using at least three segments, meant a long operation for this frail old lady and a prolonged recovery. (vascsurg.me)
  • I had a vein removed in my upper leg for bypass surgery, and now I have a burning sensation in my leg. (veindirectory.org)
  • 2. Popliteal arteries and veins. (slideserve.com)
  • Circulatory System is the category for questions about the human circulatory system, including questions about the human heart, arteries, and veins. (answers.com)
  • That build up of pressure pushes the blood throughoutthe arteries and veins and enables it to circulate. (answers.com)
  • This chapter is focused on how to use the ultrasonography to detect the peripheral vessels including carotid artery, upper limb arteries and veins, lower limb arteries and veins. (springer.com)
  • Additionally, thrombus in the pelvic veins will not be detected with this technique and, although rare, may be best evaluated with CT or magnetic resonance (MR) venography. (medscape.com)
  • The catheters were exchanged and repositioned to optimize delivery to the persistent thrombus within the SFA and popliteal vein, as well as delivery of TPA to the tibioperoneal trunk. (aapc.com)
  • Femoral and iliac vein stenoses after prolonged femoral vein catheter insertion. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The external iliac vein is the continuation of the femoral vein as it passes upward behind the inguinal ligament. (medscape.com)
  • At the level of the sacroiliac joint, it unites with the hypogastric vein to form the common iliac vein. (medscape.com)
  • This anatomic asymmetry sometimes results in compression of the left common iliac vein by the right common iliac artery to produce May-Thurner syndrome, a left-sided iliac outflow obstruction with localized adventitial fibrosis and intimal proliferation, often with associated deep venous thrombosis. (medscape.com)
  • Limited venogram was performed of the common iliac vein identifying the femoral vein and popliteal vein. (aapc.com)
  • When serial follow-up ultrasounds continued to show persistent thrombi in the femoral and popliteal veins , he was then restarted on rivaroxaban therapy for another 2 months at 20 mg daily. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The common femoral and popliteal veins were evaluated for full compressibility (no thrombosis) and noncompressibility (thrombosis). (nih.gov)
  • The femoral and popliteal veins were most commonly affected. (aappublications.org)
  • the femoral and popliteal veins were occluded. (stoptheclot.org)
  • Repair of the damaged vessel took precedence in the presence of limb ischemia, mobilization of the vascular ends and subsequent anastomosis with 6/0 interrupted prolene sutures was performed in the popliteal vein by end-to-end venorrhaphy (Figure 4). (omicsonline.org)
  • Popliteal artery entrapment syndrome (PAES) is a somewhat rare vascular condition. (upmc.com)
  • To evaluate vascular complications associated with endovascular treatment (EVT) of peripheral arterial disease (PAD) through the popliteal artery and to identify the risk factors for these complications. (springer.com)
  • Vascular complications at the popliteal puncture site occurred in 8 patients (12.7%): 6 hematomas and 2 arteriovenous fistulas (AVF). (springer.com)
  • The superiormost parts of the femoral artery and vein lie in a vascular compartment posterior to the inguinal ligament and between the iliopsoas and pectineus muscles. (dartmouth.edu)
  • A , Before compression of the femoral vein with the ultrasound probe, an echogenic filling defect is noted within the lumen of the vein. (thoracickey.com)
  • Blanco and Volpicelli, in presenting pitfalls to be avoided with bedside ultrasound, note that DVT should be differentiated from rouleaux in that veins with rouleaux formations are compressible, unlike true thrombosis. (medscape.com)
  • In 220 consecutive outpatients with clinically suspected deep-vein thrombosis of the leg, we compared contrast venography with real-time B-mode ultrasonography, using the single criterion of vein compressibility with the ultrasound transducer probe. (nih.gov)
  • Yilmatz S, Sindel T, Luleci E. Ultrasound-guided retrograde popliteal artery catheterization: Experience in 174 consecutive patients. (springer.com)
  • PURPOSE: This report describes popliteal vein entrapment in three patients and demonstrates that it may present with manifestations of typical venous disease. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Ascending venography demonstrated entrapment at the midportion of duplicated popliteal veins with no postthrombotic changes. (biomedsearch.com)
  • CONCLUSIONS: The three cases presented demonstrate that popliteal venous entrapment may begin with symptoms of deep vein thrombosis and CVI. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Popliteal venous entrapment must be considered in the differential diagnosis of venous disease in younger patients in whom common predisposing factors are absent. (biomedsearch.com)
  • The control group consisted of 12 limbs with functional popliteal artery entrapment. (edu.au)
  • Popliteal artery entrapment syndrome (PAES) is a relatively rare condition that occurs in young patients as a result of anomalous anatomic relationships between the popliteal artery and the surrounding musculotendinous structures. (hindawi.com)
  • The anatomical basis of popliteal entrapment was first described by Stuart in 1879 [ 1 ] and the term "popliteal artery entrapment syndrome" was introduced by Love and Whelan in 1965 [ 2 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • The following case report outlines an unusual presentation of unilateral popliteal artery entrapment syndrome and delves into the importance of early diagnosis. (hindawi.com)
  • Popliteal Artery Entrapment Syndrome in High Level Athletes. (isakos.com)
  • In two of them, the popliteal artery entrapment was bilateral. (isakos.com)
  • Muscle cramps or muscle tears may be a cause of misdiagnosis of Popliteal Artery Entrapment Syndrome (PAES). (isakos.com)
  • This diagnosis is often missed or misdiagnosed because popliteal artery entrapment syndrome has a presentation similar to that of exertional compartment syndrome. (healio.com)
  • Popliteal artery entrapment syndrome may result in persistent disability or unnecessary morbidity or prevent athletes' return to sport. (healio.com)
  • A female collegiate athlete presented with bilateral popliteal artery entrapment syndrome. (healio.com)
  • This article describes popliteal artery entrapment syndrome, emphasizes the importance of a thorough history and physical examination to elucidate the diagnosis, and provides information that may lead to the identification of individuals who will benefit from surgical intervention. (healio.com)
  • Popliteal artery entrapment syndrome mostly affects patients younger than 30 years and might explain symptoms in 40% to 60% of young patients with ischemic-type pain. (healio.com)
  • Popliteal artery entrapment syndrome is often confused with chronic exertional compartment syndrome because of its similar symptom of increased pain with activity. (healio.com)
  • Although popliteal artery entrapment syndrome is relatively uncommon, a missed diagnosis could result in severe morbidity for patients, including unnecessary compartment releases or progression of symptoms. (healio.com)
  • In one study, misdiagnosis reportedly resulted in 14% of patients with popliteal artery entrapment syndrome undergoing unnecessary surgical exploration without relief of symptoms. (healio.com)
  • Popliteal artery entrapment syndrome was first described as an abnormal course of the popliteal artery that may result in limited blood flow during muscle contractions, leading to intermittent claudication or pain in the lower leg that is relieved with rest. (healio.com)
  • abstract = "Objective: The link between obesity and popliteal vein compression syndrome (PVCS) has been documented, but the pathophysiological mechanism is unclear. (edu.au)
  • abstract = "Background: We report in here a very unusual appearance of a duplicated popliteal vein found in a male cadaver. (elsevier.com)
  • The PFV perforates the deep popliteal fascia terminating at the deep system (ie, the popliteal vein in 96%) distinctly above the SSV. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • they return the blood from these structures, and communicate with the deep veins by perforating the deep fascia. (theodora.com)
  • The plane between the popliteal artery and the femur is the space through which the articular branches are traversing and is the target tissue space for infiltration. (asra.com)
  • Next, identify the pulsatile popliteal artery that is superficial to the femur. (usra.ca)
  • Here, the authors present the case of a patient with a complex AVF of popliteal vessels, associated with popliteal artery pseudoaneurysm, suggested by clinical features and imaging exams, and treated with conventional surgery due to unavailability of a stent graft with appropriate diameter and because endovascular surgery isn't provided at the service where this patient was operated. (scielo.br)
  • In a prospective study of patients with AVG infections (n = 20), bacteremia (n = 14), or compromised venous outflow (n = 10) who received a cryopreserved femoral vein graft showed that primary patency rates at 12 months were 49% and secondary patency rates were 75%, similar to a control group of PTFE grafts (Matsuura et al. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • A postoperative duplex scan showed that the vein graft was patent with pulsatile signals. (hindawi.com)
  • Cormier JM, Janneau D. Combined revascularisation of the superficial and deep femoral arteries by vein graft Nouv Presse Med. (surgjournal.ru)
  • Rosen MP, Sheiman RG, Weintraub J, McArdle C (1996) Compression sonography in patients with indeterminate or low-probability lung scans: lack of usefulness in the absence of both symptoms of deep vein thrombosis and thromboembolic risk factor. (springer.com)
  • ​Type IV - happens when the popliteal artery passes underneath the popliteus muscle. (upmc.com)
  • A 58-year-old male patient with severe claudication due to thrombosis of the left ilio-femoro-popliteal artery aneurysm. (bvsalud.org)
  • A popliteal artery aneurysm is a bulging (aneurysm) of the popliteal artery. (wikipedia.org)
  • Limbs with a PFV have a higher propensity for GSV and superficial tributary reflux and have perforator vein incompetence three times more often than limbs without this vein. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • In light of its reflux dynamics, nearing or exceeding those of severely impaired perforator veins, and the complex patterns of reflux (venous segmental disease) and venous clinical severity (high venous clinical severity scores) of the affected limbs, clinical and investigational awareness of the PFV is warranted. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • Eleven limbs were ultrasonically diagnosed with PVCS and underwent popliteal vein decompression. (edu.au)
  • Conclusion: It has been believed that such venous variations in lower limbs have important implications for diagnostic ultrasonography imaging in cases which are suspected with deep vein thrombosis. (elsevier.com)
  • All 80 limbs were classified as CEAP C2 to C4, with moderate incompetence of the deep vein. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Reconstructive surgery for deep vein reflux in the lower limbs: techniques, results and indications. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Similarly, perforating vein surgery was studied in limbs with co-existing full length deep reflux. (bl.uk)
  • Limbs requiring popliteal venous valve reconstruction may benefit from the endovenous technique described. (bl.uk)
  • In the physical examination there was an arterial bleeding from the wound and an expanding hematoma in the left leg showed signs of paleness, coldness, anesthesia , tibialis posterior, dorsalis pedis and popliteal arterial pulses were not felt. (omicsonline.org)
  • Exploration revealed complete transection of the popliteal artery and vein just above the arterial trifurcation. (omicsonline.org)
  • The Pulmonary Veins, unlike other veins, contain arterial blood, which they return from the lungs to the left atrium of the heart. (theodora.com)
  • Portal veins also originate in capillaries, but their branches decrease in size to pass through another set of capillaries before joining more typical veins on their way toward the heart. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The popliteal artery branches off from the femoral artery. (healthline.com)
  • During its course, the popliteal artery branches into other significant blood vessels. (healthline.com)
  • av: aneurysm of the popliteal vein. (scielo.br)
  • Subsequent C T scan confirmed a large false aneurysm of the popliteal artery with surrounding soft tissue suppuration and oedema. (annalskemu.org)
  • Duplex criteria for the diagnosis of a DVT were lack of flow and inability to compress the vein. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Popliteal injury war wounds can bleed severely and historically have high rates of amputation, now we know that surviving depends on prompt diagnosis, this is essential for limb salvage and function [ 1 , 3 ]. (omicsonline.org)
  • B , Noncompressibility of the femoral vein confirms the diagnosis of DVT. (thoracickey.com)
  • S85.519S is a billable code used to specify a medical diagnosis of laceration of popliteal vein, unspecified leg, sequela. (icdlist.com)
  • Thus this case reported in here is very helpful for surgeons for proper diagnosis and management of deep vein thrombosis and also to radiologists to aid in the interpretation of venograms. (elsevier.com)
  • The clinical features of syncope, cyanosis and dyspnoea with engorged neck veins in a patient with a normal chest radiograph and clinical suspicion of deep venous thrombosis led to a presumptive diagnosis of pulmonary embolus. (bmj.com)
  • Sandler DA, Duncan JS, Ward P et al (1984) Diagnosis of deep vein-thrombosis. (springer.com)
  • RESULTS: In the first case, a 28-year-old woman was seen with left leg popliteal and calf deep vein thrombosis without obvious cause. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Light reflection rheography: a simple noninvasive screening test for deep vein thrombosis. (biomedsearch.com)
  • worried deep vein thrombosis? (nomorepanic.co.uk)
  • Problems in your veins in your legs can lead to varicose veins or deep vein thrombosis. (icdlist.com)
  • Join the ' Deep Vein Thrombosis - First Event ' group to help and get support from people like you. (drugs.com)
  • Our support group for Deep Vein Thrombosis - First Event has 17 questions and 41 members. (drugs.com)
  • Deep Vein Thrombosis - First Event - Leg/ankle is really bothering me, is it DVT? (drugs.com)
  • Using compression ultrasonography, right popliteal deep vein thrombosis was diagnosed. (cmaj.ca)
  • Two young, healthy doctors were diagnosed with deep vein thrombosis 27 and 29 days, respectively, after receiving the AstraZeneca ChAdOx1 nCoV-19 vaccine. (tidsskriftet.no)
  • They were diagnosed with deep vein thrombosis 27 and 29 days after vaccination, respectively. (tidsskriftet.no)
  • She used a simplified Wells score, which showed 0, and concluded that deep vein thrombosis was unlikely. (tidsskriftet.no)
  • One week after confirmation of deep vein thrombosis and initiation of anticoagulant therapy, a head MRI was taken and platelet antibodies were measured in connection with a survey of adverse effects of vaccines. (tidsskriftet.no)
  • Biomarkers in chronic venous disease and deep vein thrombosis. (europeanvenousforum.org)
  • Sudden onset suggests an acute process such as deep vein thrombosis (DVT), trauma, or infection. (amazonaws.com)
  • Atri M, Herba MJ, Reinhold C, Leclerc J et al (1996) Accuracy of sonography in the evaluation of calf deep vein thrombosis in both postoperative surveillance and symptomatic patients. (springer.com)
  • Prandoni P, Lensing AW, Bernardi E, Villalta S, Bagatella P, Girolami A (2002a) The diagnostic value of compression ultrasonography in patients with suspected recurrent deep vein thrombosis. (springer.com)
  • Risk adjusted DVT prophylaxis for ambulatory varicose vein procedures: How useful is the Caprini risk assessment model? (europeanvenousforum.org)
  • Is bruising normal after varicose vein stripping? (veindirectory.org)
  • Six weeks after the second surgery, at the front of my calf, where the bulgy vein was visible, I can see some small lumps, soft to touch (less bulgy and hard than varicose vein was), but it's there and looks sort of dark blue under the skin. (veindirectory.org)
  • Deep venous reflux was defined as reflux in at least the popliteal vein. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • Araki CT, Back TL, Padberg FT, Thompson PN et al (1993) Refinements in the ultrasonic detection of popliteal vein reflux. (springer.com)
  • A minimally invasive technique for the correction of popliteal vein reflux was developed. (bl.uk)
  • A vein passing through the popliteal space, formed by merging of the tibial veins and continuing to become the femoral vein. (thefreedictionary.com)

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