Sorbitan mono-9-octadecanoate poly(oxy-1,2-ethanediyl) derivatives; complex mixtures of polyoxyethylene ethers used as emulsifiers or dispersing agents in pharmaceuticals.
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
GLYCEROL esterified with a single acyl (FATTY ACIDS) chain.
A family of gram-negative, helical bacteria in the order Entomoplasmatales, that require STEROLS for growth.
Salts and esters of the 12-carbon saturated monocarboxylic acid--lauric acid.
A family of gram-negative, non-motile bacteria from human and animal sources. One saprophytic species is known.
A copolymer of polyethylene and polypropylene ether glycol. It is a non-ionic polyol surface-active agent used medically as a fecal softener and in cattle for prevention of bloat.

Bacteriophage inactivation at the air-water-solid interface in dynamic batch systems. (1/492)

Bacteriophages have been widely used as surrogates for human enteric viruses in many studies on virus transport and fate. In this investigation, the fates of three bacteriophages, MS2, R17, and phiX174, were studied in a series of dynamic batch experiments. Both MS2 and R17 readily underwent inactivation in batch experiments where solutions of each phage were percolated through tubes packed with varying ratios of glass and Teflon beads. MS2 and R17 inactivation was the result of exposure to destructive forces at the dynamic air-water-solid interface. phiX174, however, did not undergo inactivation in similar studies, suggesting that this phage does not accumulate at air-water interfaces or is not affected by interfacial forces in the same manner. Other batch experiments showed that MS2 and R17 were increasingly inactivated during mixing in polypropylene tubes as the ionic strength of the solution was raised (phiX174 was not affected). By the addition of Tween 80 to suspensions of MS2 and R17, phage inactivation was prevented. Our data suggest that viral inactivation in simple dynamic batch experiments is dependent upon (i) the presence of a dynamic air-water-solid interface (where the solid is a hydrophobic surface), (ii) the ionic strength of the solution, (iii) the concentration of surface active compounds in the solution, and (iv) the type of virus used.  (+info)

Comparison of immunity generated by nucleic acid-, MF59-, and ISCOM-formulated human immunodeficiency virus type 1 vaccines in Rhesus macaques: evidence for viral clearance. (2/492)

The kinetics of T-helper immune responses generated in 16 mature outbred rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta) within a 10-month period by three different human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) vaccine strategies were compared. Immune responses to monomeric recombinant gp120SF2 (rgp120) when the protein was expressed in vivo by DNA immunization or when it was delivered as a subunit protein vaccine formulated either with the MF59 adjuvant or by incorporation into immune-stimulating complexes (ISCOMs) were compared. Virus-neutralizing antibodies (NA) against HIV-1SF2 reached similar titers in the two rgp120SF2 protein-immunized groups, but the responses showed different kinetics, while NA were delayed and their levels were low in the DNA-immunized animals. Antigen-specific gamma interferon (IFN-gamma) T-helper (type 1-like) responses were detected in the DNA-immunized group, but only after the fourth immunization, and the rgp120/MF59 group generated both IFN-gamma and interleukin-4 (IL-4) (type 2-like) responses that appeared after the third immunization. In contrast, rgp120/ISCOM-immunized animals rapidly developed marked IL-2, IFN-gamma (type 1-like), and IL-4 responses that peaked after the second immunization. To determine which type of immune responses correlated with protection from infection, all animals were challenged intravenously with 50 50% infective doses of a rhesus cell-propagated, in vivo-titrated stock of a chimeric simian immunodeficiency virus-HIVSF13 construct. Protection was observed in the two groups receiving the rgp120 subunit vaccines. Half of the animals in the ISCOM group were completely protected from infection. In other subunit vaccinees there was evidence by multiple assays that virus detected at 2 weeks postchallenge was effectively cleared. Early induction of potent type 1- as well as type 2-like T-helper responses induced the most-effective immunity.  (+info)

Purification and characterization from rat kidney membranes of a novel platelet-activating factor (PAF)-dependent transacetylase that catalyzes the hydrolysis of PAF, formation of PAF analogs, and C2-ceramide. (3/492)

We have previously identified two enzyme activities that transfer the acetyl group from platelet-activating factor (PAF) in a CoA-independent manner to lysoplasmalogen or sphingosine in HL-60 cells, endothelial cells, and a variety of rat tissues. These were termed as PAF:lysoplasmalogen (lysophospholipid) transacetylase and PAF:sphingosine transacetylase, respectively. In the present study, we have solubilized and purified this PAF-dependent transacetylase 13,700-fold from rat kidney membranes (mitochondrial plus microsomal membranes) based on the PAF:lysoplasmalogen transacetylase activity. The mitochondria and microsomes were prepared and washed three times, then solubilized with 0.04% Tween 20 at a detergent/protein (w/w) ratio of 0.1. The solubilized fractions from mitochondria and microsomes were combined and subjected to sequential column chromatographies on DEAE-Sepharose, hydroxyapatite, phenyl-Sepharose, and chromatofocusing. The enzyme was further purified by native-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE) and affinity gel matrix in which the competitive inhibitor of the enzyme, 1-O-hexadecyl-2-N-methylcarbamyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine was covalently attached to the CH-Sepharose. On SDS-PAGE, the purified enzyme showed a single homogeneous band with an apparent molecular mass of 40 kDa. The purified enzyme catalyzed transacetylation of the acetyl group not only from PAF to lysoplasmalogen forming plasmalogen analogs of PAF, but also to sphingosine producing N-acetylsphingosine (C2-ceramide). In addition, this enzyme acted as a PAF-acetylhydrolase in the absence of lipid acceptor molecules. These results suggest that PAF-dependent transacetylase is an enzyme that modifies the cellular functions of PAF through generation of other diverse lipid mediators.  (+info)

Enzymatic properties of vesicle-reconstituted human cytochrome P450SCC (CYP11A1) differences in functioning of the mitochondrial electron-transfer chain using human and bovine adrenodoxin and activation by cardiolipin. (4/492)

The recently reported heterologous expression and purification of both human cytochrome P450SCC and adrenodoxin [Woods, S.T., Sadleir, J., Downs, T., Triantopoulos, T., Haedlam, M.J. & Tuckey, R.C. (1998) Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 353, 109-115] has enabled us to perform studies with the membrane-reconstituted human enzymes to better understand the side-chain cleavage reaction in humans. Human P450SCC was successfully reconstituted into dioleoylphosphatidylcholine vesicles with and without cardiolipin and its enzymatic properties characterized in the membrane-bound state. Enhancement of the P450SCC activity and significant activation by cardiolipin were observed when human adrenodoxin instead of bovine adrenodoxin was used as electron donor. In the absence of cardiolipin, Km for cholesterol was decreased twice in the case of human adrenodoxin indicating enhanced cholesterol binding. On the other hand, in the presence of cardiolipin in the membrane both Km and V for cholesterol were decreased with human adrenodoxin as electron donor. Kinetic analysis of the interaction between human P450SCC and its redox partners provided evidence for enhanced binding of the human electron donor to human P450SCC indicated by both an increased V and decreased Kd for human adrenodoxin compared with the values with bovine adrenodoxin. Because no similar effects were observed in Tween 20 micelles, these results suggest that the phospholipid membrane may play an important role in the interaction of human adrenodoxin with human P450SCC.  (+info)

Virus passage through track-etch membranes modified by salinity and a nonionic surfactant. (5/492)

Why do viruses sometimes not pass through larger pores in track-etch filters? Increasing the salinity (0.8 to 160 mM Na+) decreased phiX174 and PRD1 passage through track-etch polycarbonate membranes (sodium dodecyl sulfate coated but not polyvinylpyrrolidone coated) and PRD1 passage through polyester membranes. Undiminished passage when 0.1% Tween 80 was added implied that nonionic virus adsorption occurred and indicated that high levels of salinity decreased virus passage by decreasing electrostatic repulsion that prevented adsorption.  (+info)

Rapid esterase-sensitive breakdown of polysorbate 80 and its impact on the plasma pharmacokinetics of docetaxel and metabolites in mice. (6/492)

We have developed and validated an analytical methodology for the quantification of docetaxel and its four major human oxidation metabolites in mouse plasma. We have used this procedure to study the pharmacokinetics and metabolism of docetaxel in female FVB mice, receiving 2.5, 10, or 33 mg/kg of docetaxel by i.v. injection. We have also studied the pharmacokinetics of polysorbate 80, because it was shown previously that the vehicle substance Cremophor EL, which is used in the formulation of paclitaxel, exerts a profound effect on the pharmacokinetics of this compound. Linear pharmacokinetics of docetaxel was observed at dose levels between 2.5 and 10 mg/kg, where plasma levels corresponded to those in patients receiving the maximum tolerated dose. At the highest dose level of 33 mg/kg, a deviation from the linear kinetics was observed. Compared with humans, mice could tolerate much higher plasma levels, suggesting that the toxic side effects are related to a certain plasma threshold concentration instead of area under the curve or Cmax. At the highest dose level, three docetaxel metabolites could be detected in the plasma samples of mice for up to 4 h after drug administration. The hydroxy metabolite of the tert-butoxy group (metabolite II) was the major metabolite, followed by the two epimeric hydroxyoxazolone-type compounds (metabolites I and III). A fourth putative metabolite (e.g., the cyclic oxazolidinedione derivative) was not detected. Because of rapid degradation of polysorbate 80 by esterases in plasma, the concentration of this vehicle substance declined very rapidly. Consequently, this substance was not able to interfere in the disposition of docetaxel.  (+info)

A novel surfactant nanoemulsion with broad-spectrum sporicidal activity against Bacillus species. (7/492)

Two nontoxic, antimicrobial nanoemulsions, BCTP and BCTP 401, have been developed. These emulsions are composed of detergents and oils in 80% water. BCTP diluted up to 1:1000 inactivated>90% of Bacillus anthracis spores in 4 h and was also sporicidal against three other Bacillus species. This sporicidal activity is due to disruption of the spore coat after initiation of germination without complete outgrowth. BCTP 401 diluted 1:1000 had greater activity than BCTP against Bacillus spores and had an onset of action of <30 min. Mixing BCTP or BCTP 401 with Bacillus cereus prior to subcutaneous injection in mice reduced the resulting skin lesion by 99%. Wound irrigation with BCTP 1 h after spore inoculation yielded a 98% reduction in skin lesion size, and mortality was reduced 3-fold. These nanoemulsion formulas are stable, easily dispersed, nonirritant, and nontoxic compared with other available sporicidal agents.  (+info)

Accumulation of rifampicin by Mycobacterium aurum, Mycobacterium smegmatis and Mycobacterium tuberculosis. (8/492)

The characteristics of the accumulation of 2 mg/L [(14)C]rifampicin by wild-type strains of Mycobacterium aurum (A(+)), Mycobacterium smegmatis (mc(2)155) and Mycobacterium tuberculosis (H37Rv) were determined. After 10 min exposure M. aurum had accumulated 220 ng rifampicin/mg cells, M. smegmatis had accumulated 120 ng rifampicin/mg cells and M. tuberculosis had accumulated 154 ng rifampicin/mg cells. A steady-state concentration (SSC) of rifampicin was accumulated rapidly by M. aurum and M. tuberculosis within minutes of drug exposure, unlike M. smegmatis, which accumulated rifampicin more slowly. With an increase in the concentration of rifampicin from 0.12 mg/L to 2 mg/L there was an increase in the concentration of rifampicin accumulated by M. tuberculosis, with no detectable loss of viability over the 20 min of the accumulation experiment. With an increase in temperature there was also an increase in the concentration of rifampicin accumulated by M. tuberculosis; between 15 and 30 degrees C the increase was linear. For all three species sub-inhibitory concentrations of ethambutol increased the concentration of rifampicin accumulated. However, both growth and accumulation of rifampicin were lower in the presence of 0.05% Tween 80. Accumulation of rifampicin by M. smegmatis was unaffected by the presence of the proton motive force inhibitor, 2,4-dinitrophenol (1 mM), whether added before or after the addition of rifampicin to the mycobacterial culture. For all three species, the Gram-positive bacterial efflux inhibitor reserpine (20 mg/L) slightly increased the SSC of rifampicin, but the increase was not statistically significant. Addition of glucose to energize a putative efflux pump had little effect on the accumulation of rifampicin in the presence or absence of reserpine for M. tuberculosis; however, for M. aurum and M. smegmatis the reserpine effect was abolished by the addition of glucose. These data suggest that rifampicin may be removed from wild-type mycobacteria by efflux, but that the pump(s) is expressed at low level.  (+info)

Polysorbates are a type of nonionic surfactant (a compound that lowers the surface tension between two substances, such as oil and water) commonly used in pharmaceuticals, foods, and cosmetics. They are derived from sorbitol and reacted with ethylene oxide to create a polyoxyethylene structure. The most common types of polysorbates used in medicine are polysorbate 20, polysorbate 40, and polysorbate 60, which differ in the number of oxyethylene groups in their molecular structure.

Polysorbates are often added to pharmaceutical formulations as emulsifiers, solubilizers, or stabilizers. They help to improve the solubility and stability of drugs that are otherwise insoluble in water, allowing for better absorption and bioavailability. Polysorbates can also prevent the aggregation and precipitation of proteins in injectable formulations.

In addition to their use in pharmaceuticals, polysorbates are also used as emulsifiers in food products such as ice cream, salad dressings, and baked goods. They help to mix oil and water-based ingredients together and prevent them from separating. In cosmetics, polysorbates are used as surfactants, solubilizers, and stabilizers in a variety of personal care products.

It is important to note that some people may have allergic reactions to polysorbates, particularly those with sensitivities to sorbitol or other ingredients used in their production. Therefore, it is essential to carefully consider the potential risks and benefits of using products containing polysorbates in individuals who may be at risk for adverse reactions.

An encyclopedia is a comprehensive reference work containing articles on various topics, usually arranged in alphabetical order. In the context of medicine, a medical encyclopedia is a collection of articles that provide information about a wide range of medical topics, including diseases and conditions, treatments, tests, procedures, and anatomy and physiology. Medical encyclopedias may be published in print or electronic formats and are often used as a starting point for researching medical topics. They can provide reliable and accurate information on medical subjects, making them useful resources for healthcare professionals, students, and patients alike. Some well-known examples of medical encyclopedias include the Merck Manual and the Stedman's Medical Dictionary.

Medical Definition of Monoglycerides:

Monoglycerides are types of glycerides that contain one molecule of fatty acid combined with a glycerol molecule through an ester linkage. They are often used as food additives, serving as emulsifiers to help blend together water and oil-based ingredients in foods such as baked goods, ice cream, and chocolate. Monoglycerides can also be found naturally in some foods, including certain vegetable oils.

In the context of human physiology, monoglycerides can serve as a source of energy and can also play a role in the absorption and transport of fatty acids in the body. However, they are not typically considered to be a major nutrient or component of the human diet.

Spiroplasmataceae is a family of bacteria that are characterized by their unique lack of a cell wall and their spiral or helical shape. They belong to the class Mollicutes, which includes other wall-less bacteria such as Mycoplasma and Ureaplasma. Spiroplasmataceae are distinguished from other Mollicutes by their distinctive corkscrew-like morphology and their ability to move via flexing or twisting motions.

Members of this family are typically associated with plants, insects, and other invertebrates, and some have been found to be pathogenic or mutualistic symbionts. For example, the genus Spiroplasma includes several species that can cause diseases in insects and plants, while other species are known to have beneficial relationships with their hosts.

Spiroplasmataceae are fastidious organisms, requiring complex media for growth in the laboratory. They are also resistant to many antibiotics due to their lack of a cell wall and their small genome size. Further research is needed to fully understand the biology and ecology of these fascinating bacteria.

"Laureates" is not a medical term. However, if you are referring to "laurates" as a salt or ester of lauric acid, then here's the definition:

Laurates are organic compounds that contain a laurate group, which is the anion (negatively charged ion) derived from lauric acid. Lauric acid is a saturated fatty acid with a 12-carbon chain, and its anion has the chemical formula CH3(CH2)10COO-.

Laurates can be formed by reacting lauric acid with a base to form a salt (e.g., sodium laurate, potassium laurate) or by reacting it with an alcohol to form an ester (e.g., methyl laurate, ethyl laurate). These compounds have various applications in industry, including as surfactants, emulsifiers, and solubilizers in personal care products, cosmetics, and pharmaceuticals.

Mycoplasmataceae is a family of bacteria that lack a cell wall and are characterized by their small size. They are among the smallest self-replicating organisms, with some species measuring only 0.15 microns in diameter. Mycoplasmataceae are unique because they possess a membrane-anchored lipoprotein instead of a cell wall, which makes them resistant to many antibiotics that target cell wall synthesis.

Members of this family are commonly found as commensals or opportunistic pathogens in humans and animals. They can cause a variety of diseases, including respiratory tract infections, urinary tract infections, and arthritis. Mycoplasmataceae are also known to contaminate cell cultures and can interfere with research experiments.

Some notable genera within the family Mycoplasmataceae include Mycoplasma, Ureaplasma, and Acholeplasma.

Poloxalene is not a medical term, but a chemical compound. It's an ether used as a non-ionic surfactant and emulsifying agent in the pharmaceutical industry. Poloxalene is also known for its ability to reduce the severity of bloat (gas distention) in animals, particularly in ruminants like cows, when included in their feed. However, it's not typically used as a human medication.

... 20 (polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan monolaurate) Polysorbate 40 (polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan monopalmitate) ... Polysorbate 80 (polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan monooleate) The number following the 'polysorbate' part is related to the type of ... Polysorbates are a class of emulsifiers used in some pharmaceuticals and food preparation. They are commonly used in oral and ... Polysorbates are oily liquids derived from ethoxylated sorbitan (a derivative of sorbitol) esterified with fatty acids. Common ...
... is also used as wetting agent in rubber balers in the elastomer industry. Polysorbate 20 has been used as a ... Polysorbate 20 is used in many brands of baby wipes. Polysorbate 20 is used by philatelists to remove stamps from envelopes and ... Polysorbate 20 is used as a wetting agent in flavored mouth drops such as Ice Drops, helping to provide a spreading feeling to ... Polysorbate 20 (common commercial brand names include Kolliphor PS 20, Scattics, Alkest TW 20, Tween 20, and Kotilen-20) is a ...
Polysorbate 20, used as a wetting agent in mouth drops Polysorbate 40 Polysorbate 60, used as an emulsifier in powdered drink ... Polysorbate 80 is a surfactant and solubilizer used in a variety of oral and topical pharmaceutical products. Polysorbate 80 is ... Influenza vaccines contain 2.5 μg of polysorbate 80 per dose. Polysorbate 80 is found in many vaccines used in the United ... In the nomenclature of polysorbates, the numeric designation following polysorbate refers to the lipophilic group, in this case ...
SMP is a polysorbate that is derived from the mixture of partial esters of sorbitol treated with palmitic acid. SMP is a ... It may be found in combination with polysorbates. It is used to modify crystallisation of fats. It is insoluble in water. Up to ... monohexadecanoate.Polysorbate 40". The UK Food Guide. "E 495: Sorbitane mono palmitate". FOOD-INFO. BELL Jr., JT (1959). " ...
Brand names for polysorbates include Alkest, Canarcel, and Span. The consistency of sorbitan tristearate is waxy; its color is ...
He sometimes snacks on Polysorbate 80. Zippy's signature expression of surprise is "Yow!" Zippy's unpredictable behavior ...
The third AS03 ingredient is polysorbate 80. Polysorbate 80 is also found in both the Oxford-AstraZeneca and Janssen COVID-19 ...
... interacted little with erythrocytes and was unaffected by the polysorbate 80 in its storage medium. Polysorbate 80 ... 80 mg Taxotere is supplied identically but with 2.0 mL polysorbate 80 and 6.0 mL 13% ethanol in saline. The docetaxel and ... The solution is a clear brown-yellow containing 40 mg docetaxel and 1040 mg polysorbate 80 per mL. 20 mg Taxotere is ... The same grade, quality, and quantity of polysorbate 80 are present in the infusion solution of both formulations. The only ...
When used alone they produce stable water-in-oil emulsions but they are frequently used with a polysorbate in varying ... Sorbitan is primarily used in the production of surfactants such as polysorbates; which are important emulsifying agents, with ... Ethoxylated sorbitan esters are known as polysorbates (trade name: Tweens). They are an important class of emulsifiers used in ...
Polysorbate 20 and tetrapotassium EDTA were the primary ingredients. Some Scooba models could also use white vinegar or plain ...
May 2019). "Immediate Hypersensitivity to Polyethylene Glycols and Polysorbates: More Common Than We Have Recognized". The ...
Common examples include emulsifying wax, polysorbate 20, and ceteareth 20. Sometimes the inner phase itself can act as an ...
Surfactants such as polysorbate 80, 20, 40, 60, and poloxamer 188, demonstrated positive drug delivery through the blood-brain ... Surface coating nanoparticles with surfactants such as polysorbate 80 or poloxamer 188 was shown to increase uptake of the drug ... It was encapsulated in polysorbate 80 coated nanoparticles and intravenously injected. This was a huge breakthrough in the ...
... a polysorbate-type nonionic surfactant). Polysorbate 20 is also known as Tween 20, a commercial brand name. It is a common ... In molecular biology, TBST (or TTBS) is a mixture of tris-buffered saline (TBS) (a buffer solution) and Polysorbate 20 ( ...
These include ammonia, morpholine, and various ethoxylated surfactants such as polysorbate 80. The waxes are often some mixture ...
Polysorbate 80 is a surfactant which assists in nutrient uptake by Lactobacilli. Magnesium sulfate and manganese sulfate ... polysorbate 80 (also known as Tween 80) 0.2% dipotassium hydrogen phosphate 0.2% triammonium citrate 0.02% magnesium sulfate ...
Soy lecithin and polysorbate are two popular emulsifiers used for ice cream production. A mouse study in 2015 shows that two ... commonly used dietary emulsifiers carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) and polysorbate 80 (P80) can potentially cause inflammatory ...
Examples synthesized on an industrial scale include octyl phenol ethoxylate, polysorbate 80 and poloxamers. Ethoxylation is ...
Sorbitol Polysorbate Acids in wine Parasorbic acid Erich Lück, Martin Jager, Nico Raczek (2000). "Sorbic Acid". Ullmann's ...
Polysorbate 80 hydrolysis A test for lipase using polysorbate 80 (polyoxyethylene sorbitan monooleate, a detergent). Certain ... The test solution also contains phenol red, which is stabilised by the polysorbate 80; when the latter 80 is hydrolysed, the ... polysorbate 80). Citrate Sole carbon source Egg medium Growth on Löwenstein-Jensen medium (LJ medium) L-Glutamate Sole carbon ...
The current drug product formulation is a sterile liquid containing ethanol, dimethylacetamide and polysorbate 80. For ... Diluted evofosfamide formulation (100 mg/mL evofosfamide, 70% ethanol, 25% dimethylacetamide and 5% polysorbate 80; diluted to ...
Same for polysorbate E 435: see 2012.0838 from Denmark, unauthorised polysorbates in coconut milk and, 2007.AIC from France. ...
Thorgeirsdóttir, T. O., Thormar, H., & Kristmundsdóttir, T. Effects of polysorbates on antiviral and antibacterial activity of ...
... preparation containing benzyl alcohol derivative, polysorbate 80 and propylene glycol should be used in ...
... oil nanoemulsion can be made with Polysorbate 80, cinnamon essential oil, and water, by ultrasonic emulsification. ...
Also according to Selim et al., H. turkmenica is also able to hydrolyze tweens 80 (a branded version of polysorbate 80), casein ...
Poor water solubility of drugs which need to be dissolved in polyoxyethylated castor oil or polysorbate what cause ...
Tris (hydroxymethyl) aminomethane, sodium chloride, sucrose, magnesium chloride hexahydrate, Sodium EDTA, polysorbate 80, ... Polysorbate 80 Ethanol 95% Water No adjuvants and no other components or ingredients should be included in the vaccine. Large ...
Inactive ingredients of Scope Outlast are water, glycerin, polysorbate 80, sodium saccharin, sodium benzoate, benzoic acid, ...
In a Dalmau plate culture containing cornmeal agar and Polysorbate 80, K. marxianus forms a rudimentary to branched ...
Polysorbate 20 (polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan monolaurate) Polysorbate 40 (polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan monopalmitate) ... Polysorbate 80 (polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan monooleate) The number following the polysorbate part is related to the type of ... Polysorbates are a class of emulsifiers used in some pharmaceuticals and food preparation. They are commonly used in oral and ... Polysorbates are oily liquids derived from ethoxylated sorbitan (a derivative of sorbitol) esterified with fatty acids. Common ...
Polysorbate 80 (PS80), a nonionic surfactant used in pharmaceutical formulation, is known to be incompatible with m-cresol, an ... Polysorbate 80 (PS80), a nonionic surfactant used in pharmaceutical formulation, is known to be incompatible with m-cresol, an ... Gilbert, P. , Zhang, Z. , Qian, K. , Allen, D. , Ford, R. , Wagner, N. and Liu, Y. (2022), Aggregation Kinetics of Polysorbate ... Aggregation Kinetics of Polysorbate 80/m-Cresol Solutions: A Small-Angle Neutron Scattering Study. ...
BD BBL™ Fluid Thioglycollate Medium Lecithin and Polysorbate 80 200 mL 10pk. BD MacConkey Broth, Bottle, 100 ml ...
Peptone from casein 15,0 g/L; Peptone from soymeal 5,0 g/L; NaCl 5,0 g/L; Polysorbate 80 5,0 g/L; Lecithin 0,7 g/L; Agar-agar ... Tryptic Soy Agar (CASO) with Polysorbate 80 and Lecithin - Mikrobiyoloji. MERCK Mikrobiyoloji Hızlı Erişim / Tryptic Soy Agar ( ... Tryptic Soy Agar with Polysorbate 80 and Lecithin (Merck 1.07324) EP ve USP yönergelerine uygundur. In vitro (canlı hücre ... Polysorbate 80; fenoller, hegzaklorofen ve fenolleri nötralize eder. Lesitin; kuaterne amonyum bileşiklerini inaktive eder. ...
Supplier and Trader of Polysorbates, Packaging is equally important, and we ship these chemicals in large size containers, ... Polysorbates. Polysorbates Acid is used to formulate agricultural chemical, industrial emulsifying agents and fiber treating ... Polysorbates Acid is also used as thickening factor and emulsifying agent during production of personal care products. In food ...
INCI: Polysorbate 80. Product of natural/synthetic origin. It is used in bath bombs so oils wont leave residue in the bathtub. It is also used as a fragrance solvent for shower gels, shampoos and body mists. Rate of use: 1-10% or in proportion 1:2 with oils or fragrances. ...
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You are here: Home1 / Polysorbate 20 Food Grade Kosher2 / polysorbate 20 - 2do picture ...
Our Tween 20 or Polysorbate 20 from coconut source is used as an emulsifier in cleansers, laundry soap, makeup remover and ... Our Tween 20 or Polysorbate 20 from coconut source is used as an emulsifier in cleansers, laundry soap, makeup remover and ...
Find polysorbate 80, 60, or other types for your skin, hair, or cosmetic products making. Contact us now! ... HUANA provides high-quality sorbitan ester and polysorbate used in. ... Polysorbates Polysorbate 20 Polysorbate 21 Polysorbate 40 Polysorbate 60 Polysorbate 61 Polysorbate 65 Polysorbate 80 ... Polysorbates Polysorbate 20 Polysorbate 21 Polysorbate 40 Polysorbate 60 Polysorbate 61 Polysorbate 65 Polysorbate 80 ...
Ensure emulsion stability in cosmetics with Polysorbate 40 from Avnavu, perfect for homogenous products. ... Family: As a member of the polysorbate family, Polysorbate 40 is celebrated for its efficacy as a surfactant and emulsifier. It ... Product Overview: Polysorbate 40 is a non-ionic surfactant and emulsifier derived from the ethoxylation of sorbitan before ... International Names: "Polysorbate 40" is widely recognized, though it may also appear under alternative names or E-numbers ( ...
Polysorbate 20. *Pore-refining micro-particles. *Potassium Arachidate. *Potassium Cetyl Phosphate. *Potassium Etidronate ...
The emulsifiers carboxymethylcellulose or polysorbate 80 have also been found to worsen the development of colonic cancer ... researchers concluded that consuming emulsifiers, especially polysorbate 80, led to increased food allergy symptoms in mice. ... The synthetic emulsifiers carboxymethylcellulose and polysorbate 80 seem to be particularly problematic, researchers say. ...
POLYSORBATE 80, ALKAMULS PSMO 20 PC, emulsifier for cosmetic, emulsifier untuk kosmetik ... Polysorbate 80 is used as an emulsifier in foods.. For example, in ice cream, polysorbate is added up to 0.5% (v/v) ... The cosmetic grade of polysorbate 80 may have more impurities than the food grade. Medical use. Polysorbate 80 is an excipient ... In the nomenclature of polysorbates, the numeric designation following polysorbate refers to the lipophilic group, in this case ...
Polysorbate 20, Glycerine, Oryza Sativa (Rice) Powder, Boron Nitride, Candelilla Wax, Squalane (Sugar Cane Derived), ...
Polysorbate 20; polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan monolaurate. Polysorbate 60; polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan monostereate. ...
Mechanisms of gut epithelial barrier impairment caused by food emulsifiers polysorbate 20 and polysorbate 80. Ogulur I, Yazici ...
Inactive Ingredients: artificial cherry flavor, lactose anhydrous, methylparaben, polysorbate 80, povidone, simethicone, sodium ...
Albumin, glycine, glucose, PEG, tri-n-butyl phosphate, octoxynol, polysorbate 80. 5%=636; 10%=250 ...
Each mL of solution contains vestronidase alfa-vjbk (2 mg), L-histidine (3.1 mg), polysorbate 20 (0.1 mg), sodium chloride ( ...
Poe (20) Sorbitan Monolaurate, Polysorbate 20. 食品級 Tween 20 具有良好的乳化、分散、潤濕等性能。在食品工業中,用作冰淇淋、麵包、糕點、糖果、維他命、香精油溶劑等乳化劑、分散劑和清涼飲料的渾濁劑。以 ... Poe (20) Sorbitan Monolaurate, Polysorbate 20. 食品級 Tween 20 具有良好的乳化、分散、潤濕等性能。在食品工業中,用作冰淇淋、麵包、糕點、糖果、維他命、香精油溶劑等乳化劑、分散劑和清涼飲料的渾濁劑。以 ... Poe
Allercrom 2% w/v Eye Drops - Summary of Product Characteristics (SmPC) by FDC International Ltd - print friendly
Polysorbate 20. Alpha-Isomethyl Ionone. Ethylhexylglycerin. Glycereth-2 Cocoate. Geraniol. Citronellol. Limonene. Ceramide NP. ... Polysorbate 20. Alpha-Isomethyl Ionone. Ethylhexylglycerin. Glycereth-2 Cocoate. Geraniol. Citronellol. Limonene. Ceramide NP. ... Polysorbate 60. Sucrose Stearate. Arginine. Dimethicone. Sucrose Tristearate. Behentrimonium Methosulfate. Caprylyl Methicone. ... Polysorbate 60. Sucrose Stearate. Arginine. Dimethicone. Sucrose Tristearate. Behentrimonium Methosulfate. Caprylyl Methicone. ...
POLYSORBATE 20. PPG-1-PEG-9 LAURYL GLYCOL ETHER. RED 33 (CI 17200). SORBITAN ISOSTEARATE. TOCOPHEROL. TOCOPHERYL GLUCOSIDE. ...
CETEARYL ETHYLHEXANOATE , SILICA , GLYCERIN , CAPRYLYL GLYCOL , POLYSORBATE 80 , SQUALANE , ETHYLHEXYLGLYCERIN , 1,2-HEXANEDIOL ... POLYSORBATE 80 , SQUALANE , ETHYLHEXYLGLYCERIN , 1,2-HEXANEDIOL , CALCIUM CHLORIDE , PENTAERYTHRITYL TETRA-DI-T-BUTYL ... POLYSORBATE 80 , SQUALANE , ETHYLHEXYLGLYCERIN , 1,2-HEXANEDIOL , CALCIUM CHLORIDE , PENTAERYTHRITYL TETRA-DI-T-BUTYL ...
Polysorbate 60. Polysorbate 80. Polystyrene Polymer. Polytrimethylhydrosilylsiloxane. Polyurethane. Polyurethane Prepolymer. ...
The mRNA Covid shots also contain dangerous ingredients like polysorbate 80 and polyethylene glycol (PEG), an immunogenic ... polysorbate 80; and carcinogenic formaldehyde; as well as unknown ingredients and contaminants.31 To quote Dr. Richard ...
  • The neutralizers lecithin, polysorbate Tween ® 80, histidine, and sodium thiosulfate inactivate possible residues of active agents of disinfectants. (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • Our Tween 20 or Polysorbate 20 from coconut source is used as an emulsifier in cleansers, laundry soap, makeup remover and other bath and body products. (karmasuds.com)
  • Polysorbate 20 (polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan monolaurate) Polysorbate 40 (polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan monopalmitate) Polysorbate 60 (polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan monostearate) Polysorbate 80 (polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan monooleate) The number following the 'polysorbate' part is related to the type of major fatty acid associated with the molecule. (wikipedia.org)
  • Polysorbates are a class of emulsifiers used in some pharmaceuticals and food preparation. (wikipedia.org)
  • In addition, the participants in the trial launched in 2002 were informed that the comparator was saline, even though the comparator was AAHS in an expedient consisting of L-histidine, polysorbate-80, sodium borate and sodium chloride. (bmj.com)
  • any ingredient in the J&J/Janssen COVID-19 vaccine (such as polysorbate), you should not get the J&J/Janssen COVID-19 vaccine. (cdc.gov)
  • For this reason, CDC recommends that people who have had a severe or immediate reaction to the vaccine, any ingredient in the vaccine, or to polysorbate (which is closely related to PEG) not receive the mRNA vaccines. (cdc.gov)
  • Tell your doctor if you are allergic to docetaxel injection or drugs made with polysorbate 80, an ingredient found in some medications. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Genetic Toxicity Evaluation of Polysorbate 80 (Glycol) in Salmonella/E.coli Mutagenicity Test or Ames Test. (nih.gov)
  • However, if your child or teen has a history of an allergic reaction to an ingredient in the vaccine (for example, polyethylene glycol or polysorbate), they should not get the Pfizer-BioNTech or Moderna vaccine. (healthychildren.org)
  • Polysorbate 80, also known as tween 80 is an emulsifier and solubiliser that is used to blend oil and water together in cosmetics. (thesoapery.co.uk)
  • Polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan monooleate (polysorbate 80, Tween 80), a surfactant, has been widely used as a solvent for pharmacological experiments. (lifeforcehealth.center)
  • The solvent (Polysorbate) from fossil source has been replaced by a natural derived mixture of alkanes and the most potent antioxidant version of Tocopherols, the natural mixed tocopherols, was added to protect the retinol. (dsm.com)
  • The results of the present study indicate that polysorbate 80 can neither be used as a solvent for isolated tissue experiments nor when considered for intravenous administration. (lifeforcehealth.center)
  • Dietary polysorbate 80 (PS80) is an emulsifier commonly used in various processed foods. (crsociety.org)
  • 3. Measure the polysorbate 80 and essential oils in another bowl and mix. (thesoapery.co.uk)
  • Mix the calendula oil, the polysorbate 20 and the essential oils together in a glass measuring cup. (sudsandscents.com)
  • The study found that low concentrations of two commonly used emulsifiers - carboxymethylcellulose and polysorbate-80 - induced inflammation in mice. (crsociety.org)
  • Our polysorbate 80 is golden yellow in colour with a neutral scent. (thesoapery.co.uk)
  • An overview of Genetic Toxicology Mammalian Cell Cytogenetics study conclusions related to Polysorbate 80 (9005-65-6). (nih.gov)
  • Is Polysorbate 80 natural? (thesoapery.co.uk)
  • Polysorbate 80 may be more natural than some alternatives, but we don't consider it to be 100% natural. (thesoapery.co.uk)
  • These studies show the use of Polysorbate 80 in drug development as a means to cross the blood-brain barrier, which is there to protect us from these toxins crossing the barrier. (lifeforcehealth.center)