Policy Making: The decision process by which individuals, groups or institutions establish policies pertaining to plans, programs or procedures.Health Policy: Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.Politics: Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.European Union: The collective designation of three organizations with common membership: the European Economic Community (Common Market), the European Coal and Steel Community, and the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom). It was known as the European Community until 1994. It is primarily an economic union with the principal objectives of free movement of goods, capital, and labor. Professional services, social, medical and paramedical, are subsumed under labor. The constituent countries are Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. (The World Almanac and Book of Facts 1997, p842)Environmental Health: The science of controlling or modifying those conditions, influences, or forces surrounding man which relate to promoting, establishing, and maintaining health.Public Health: Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.United StatesEvidence-Based Medicine: An approach of practicing medicine with the goal to improve and evaluate patient care. It requires the judicious integration of best research evidence with the patient's values to make decisions about medical care. This method is to help physicians make proper diagnosis, devise best testing plan, choose best treatment and methods of disease prevention, as well as develop guidelines for large groups of patients with the same disease. (from JAMA 296 (9), 2006)Health Services Research: The integration of epidemiologic, sociological, economic, and other analytic sciences in the study of health services. Health services research is usually concerned with relationships between need, demand, supply, use, and outcome of health services. The aim of the research is evaluation, particularly in terms of structure, process, output, and outcome. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Organizational Policy: A course or method of action selected, usually by an organization, institution, university, society, etc., from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions and positions on matters of public interest or social concern. It does not include internal policy relating to organization and administration within the corporate body, for which ORGANIZATION AND ADMINISTRATION is available.Policy: A course or method of action selected to guide and determine present and future decisions.Decision Making: The process of making a selective intellectual judgment when presented with several complex alternatives consisting of several variables, and usually defining a course of action or an idea.Environmental Policy: A course of action or principle adopted or proposed by a government, party, business, or individual that concerns human interactions with nature and natural resources.Telecommunications: Transmission of information over distances via electronic means.Telemedicine: Delivery of health services via remote telecommunications. This includes interactive consultative and diagnostic services.Computer Communication Networks: A system containing any combination of computers, computer terminals, printers, audio or visual display devices, or telephones interconnected by telecommunications equipment or cables: used to transmit or receive information. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Cellular Phone: Analog or digital communications device in which the user has a wireless connection from a telephone to a nearby transmitter. It is termed cellular because the service area is divided into multiple "cells." As the user moves from one cell area to another, the call is transferred to the local transmitter.Radio: The transmission and reception of electric impulses or signals by means of electric waves without a connecting wire, or the use of these waves for the wireless transmission of electric impulses into which sound is converted. (From Webster's 3d)Telepathology: Transmission and interpretation of tissue specimens via remote telecommunication, generally for the purpose of diagnosis or consultation but may also be used for continuing education.Workplace: Place or physical location of work or employment.Social Marginalization: Individuals or groups, excluded from participation in the economic, social, and political activities of membership in a community.Transsexualism: Severe gender dysphoria, coupled with a persistent desire for the physical characteristics and social roles that connote the opposite biological sex. (APA, DSM-IV, 1994)Homophobia: Differential treatment or unequal access to opportunities or services based on perceived homosexual preference or orientation.Federal Government: The level of governmental organization and function at the national or country-wide level.Transgendered Persons: Persons having a sense of persistent identification with, and expression of, gender-coded behaviors not typically associated with one's anatomical sex at birth, and with or without a desire to undergo SEX REASSIGNMENT PROCEDURES.Benchmarking: Method of measuring performance against established standards of best practice.Intelligence: The ability to learn and to deal with new situations and to deal effectively with tasks involving abstractions.Public Policy: A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions.Developing Countries: Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.Technology, High-Cost: Advanced technology that is costly, requires highly skilled personnel, and is unique in its particular application. Includes innovative, specialized medical/surgical procedures as well as advanced diagnostic and therapeutic equipment.Semiconductors: Materials that have a limited and usually variable electrical conductivity. They are particularly useful for the production of solid-state electronic devices.IndiaComputer Storage Devices: Devices capable of receiving data, retaining data for an indefinite or finite period of time, and supplying data upon demand.Security Measures: Regulations to assure protection of property and equipment.Optical Storage Devices: A computer disk read by a laser beam, containing data prerecorded by a vendor. The buyer cannot enter or modify data in any way but the advantages lie in the speed of accessibility, relative immunity to damage, and relatively low cost of purchase.

Tobacco control advocates must demand high-quality media campaigns: the California experience. (1/1177)

OBJECTIVE: To document efforts on the part of public officials in California to soften the media campaign's attack on the tobacco industry and to analyse strategies to counter those efforts on the part of tobacco control advocates. METHODS: Data were gathered from interviews with programme participants, direct observation, written materials, and media stories. In addition, internal documents were released by the state's Department of Health Services in response to requests made under the California Public Records Act by Americans for Nonsmokers' Rights. Finally, a draft of the paper was circulated to 11 key players for their comments. RESULTS: In 1988 california voters enacted Proposition 99, an initiative that raised the tobacco tax by $0.25 and allocated 20% of the revenues to anti-tobacco education. A media campaign, which was part of the education programme, directly attacked the tobacco industry, exposing the media campaign to politically based efforts to shut it down or soften it. Through use of outsider strategies such as advertising, press conferences, and public meetings, programme advocates were able to counter the efforts to soften the campaign. CONCLUSION: Anti-tobacco media campaigns that expose industry manipulation are a key component of an effective tobacco control programme. The effectiveness of these campaigns, however, makes them a target for elimination by the tobacco industry. The experience from California demonstrates the need for continuing, aggressive intervention by nongovernmental organisations in order to maintain the quality of anti-tobacco media campaigns.  (+info)

Reforming the health sector in developing countries: the central role of policy analysis. (2/1177)

Policy analysis is an established discipline in the industrialized world, yet its application to developing countries has been limited. The health sector in particular appears to have been neglected. This is surprising because there is a well recognized crisis in health systems, and prescriptions abound of what health policy reforms countries should introduce. However, little attention has been paid to how countries should carry out reforms, much less who is likely to favour or resist such policies. This paper argues that much health policy wrongly focuses attention on the content of reform, and neglects the actors involved in policy reform (at the international, national sub-national levels), the processes contingent on developing and implementing change and the context within which policy is developed. Focus on policy content diverts attention from understanding the processes which explain why desired policy outcomes fail to emerge. The paper is organized in 4 sections. The first sets the scene, demonstrating how the shift from consensus to conflict in health policy established the need for a greater emphasis on policy analysis. The second section explores what is meant by policy analysis. The third investigates what other disciplines have written that help to develop a framework of analysis. And the final section suggests how policy analysis can be used not only to analyze the policy process, but also to plan.  (+info)

Whose policy is it anyway? International and national influences on health policy development in Uganda. (3/1177)

As national resources for health decline, so dependence on international resources to finance the capital and recurrent costs is increasing. This dependence, combined with an increasing emphasis on policy-based, as opposed to project-based, lending and grant-making has been accompanied by greater involvement of international actors in the formation of national health policy. This paper explores the process of health policy development in Uganda and examines how major donors are influencing and conflicting with national policy-making bodies. Focusing on two examples of user fees and drugs policies, it argues that while the content of international prescriptions to strengthen the health system may not be bad in itself, the process by which they are applied potentially threatens national sovereignty and weakens mechanisms for ensuring accountability. It concludes by proposing that in order to increase the sustainability of policy reforms, much greater emphasis should be placed on strengthening national capacity for policy analysis and research, building up policy networks and enhancing the quality of information available to the public concerning key policy changes.  (+info)

Overview: health financing reforms in Africa.(4/1177)

 (+info)

The fall and rise of cost sharing in Kenya: the impact of phased implementation. (5/1177)

The combined effects of increasing demand for health services and declining real public resources have recently led many governments in the developing world to explore various health financing alternatives. Faced with a significant decline during the 1980s in its real per capita expenditures, the Kenya Ministry of Health (MOH) introduced a new cost sharing programme in December 1989. The programme was part of a comprehensive health financing strategy which also included social insurance, efficiency measures, and private sector development. Early implementation problems led to the suspension in September 1990 of the outpatient registration fee, the major revenue source at the time. In 1991, the Ministry initiated a programme of management improvement and gradual re-introduction of an outpatient fee, but this time as a treatment fee. The new programme was carried out in phases, beginning at the national and provincial levels and proceeding to the local level. The impact of these changes was assessed with national revenue collection reports, quality of care surveys in 6 purposively selected indicator districts, and time series analysis of monthly utilization in these same districts. In contrast to the significant fall in revenue experienced over the period of the initial programme, the later management improvements and fee adjustments resulted in steady increases in revenue. As a percentage of total non-staff expenditures, fiscal year 1993-1994 revenue is estimated to have been 37% at provincial general hospitals, 20% at smaller hospitals, and 21% at health centres. Roughly one third of total revenue is derived from national insurance claims. Quality of care measures, though in some respects improved with cost sharing, were in general somewhat mixed and inconsistent. The 1989 outpatient registration fee led to an average reduction in utilization of 27% at provincial hospitals, 45% at district hospitals, and 33% at health centres. In contrast, phased introduction of the outpatient treatment fee beginning in 1992, combined with somewhat broader exemptions, was associated with much smaller decreases in outpatient utilization. It is suggested that implementing user fees in phases by level of health facility is important to gain patient acceptance, to develop the requisite management systems, and to orient ministry staff to the new systems.  (+info)

Organisation of asthma care: what difference does it make? A systematic review of the literature. (6/1177)

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of different forms of organisation (delivery) of asthma care. METHODS: A systematic review of the published evidence of effectiveness organisational methods of asthma management. Searches on computerised databases including Medline, CINAHL, and HELMIS, and relevant citations and letters to experts were used to identify relevant studies. RESULTS: 27 studies were identified that evaluated different organisational methods of delivery across both primary and secondary sectors, such as shared care, general practice asthma clinics, outpatient programmes, inpatient admissions policies, and the use of specialists. Only one third of the studies used a randomised controlled trial and many had small sample sizes. No conclusive evidence was found to favour any particular organisational form, although limited evidence would suggest that specialist care is better than general care and that shared care can be as effective as hospital led care. CONCLUSIONS: There is little good published research evaluating different ways of organising the delivery of asthma care. There is need for quality research on organisational methods of delivery of asthma care that could be used to inform policy makers, in particular examining whether patients treated by healthcare professional with expertise and interest in asthma will experience better outcomes.  (+info)

HMOs and the efficiency of healthcare delivery. (7/1177)

HMOs and other forms of managed care continue to grow rapidly and remain the centerpiece of this nation's policies for health system reform. Despite a growing public and legislative backlash at managed care, there is no comprehensive theory of HMOs to guide policymakers and analysts. It is not yet clear whether managed care improves society's allocation of resources to and within the health sector. After examining HMOs within the context of Coase's theory of the firm, I argue that HMOs share characteristics with collective goods. This framework, and the expanded agency role of physicians under managed care, is used to evaluate the equity and efficiency characteristics of a system of competing HMOs. Other concerns that are increasingly associated with managed care also are addressed.  (+info)

Eradicating guinea worm without wells: unrealized hopes of the Water Decade. (8/1177)

At the start of the United Nations International Drinking Water Supply and Sanitation Decade in the 1980s, guinea worm disease was targeted as the major indicator of the success of the Decade's efforts to promote safe water. By the late 1980s, most of the guinea worm endemic countries in Africa and South Asia had established guinea worm eradication programmes that included water supply as one of their main technical strategies. By surveying the water supply situation in Ifeloju Local Government Area (LGA) in Oyo State, Nigeria, in June 1996, as a case study, it was possible to determine the role that water supply has played in the eradication effort. Although two major agencies, the former Directorate for Food, Roads and Rural Infrastructure and UNICEF, provided hand dug and bore-hole wells respectively in many parts of the LGA, coverage of the smaller farm hamlets has been minor compared to efforts in the larger towns. This is ironic because the farm hamlets served as a reservoir for the disease in the 1980s, such that when the piped water system in the towns broke down, guinea worm was easily reintroduced into the towns. The survey of 188 ever-endemic hamlets with an estimated population of 23,556 found that 74.3% of the people still drink only pond water. Another 11.3% have wells that have become dysfunctional. Only 14.4% of this rural population has access' to functioning wells. Guinea worm was eliminated from 107 of the hamlets mainly by the use of cloth filters and chemical treatment of ponds. While this proves that it is possible to eradicate guinea worm, it fails to leave behind the legacy of reliable, safe water supplies that was the hope of the Water Decade.  (+info)

  • Tennessee is celebrating 24 years of hosting the Partners in Policymaking Leadership Institute with our annual Partners Reunion open only to graduates of the program and the current Partners class on March 23-24, 2018 at the Cool Springs Marriott. (tn.us)
  • It's a rare instance in which Trump is building on Obama administration policies, and where fractious Republicans and Democrats in Congress have come together. (washingtonpost.com)
  • It's a rare instance in which Trump isn't trying to dismantle Obama administration policies, and where fractious Republicans and Democrats in Congress have come together. (washingtonpost.com)
  • Trump declared last month that "we're making medically assisted treatment more available and affordable," even as Congress was working to approve $1 billion for a new treatment grant program for opioids as part of the massive government funding bill. (washingtonpost.com)
  • AUSTIN, Texas - The Trump administration's policy of halting abortions among undocumented minors was established by email through an ad hoc process without formal legal vetting, according to new documents released Tuesday by the American Civil Liberties Union. (politico.com)
  • SACRAMENTO - The Trump administration may appear to control climate policy in Washington, but the nation's most dynamic environmental regulator is here in California. (nytimes.com)
  • And it all derives from flawed Trump administration economic policies. (epi.org)
  • This is the chickens coming home to roost on the broader Trump economic policies. (epi.org)
  • Trump appointees Jay Powell (Chair) and Randy Quarles (Vice Chair) at the Fed also bear substantial responsibility for recent increases in the dollar, due rapid interest rate increases within the past year, which have made U.S. investments more attractive to foreign investors. (epi.org)
  • Promoting evidence-based policies to improve health and well-being in America. (rwjf.org)
  • Then Axelrod reminds everyone in the White House that the people with the richest health benefits in America (apart from the bankrupt automaker workers who actually make Cadillacs) are school teachers and firefighters. (thehealthcareblog.com)
  • Successful application of science has played a large part in the policies that have made the United States of America the world's most powerful nation and its citizens increasingly prosperous and healthy. (ucsusa.org)
  • He was joined by Arkansas state Rep. John Lowery, a Democrat and the owner of Lowery Oil Co., who said that while the bill may create green jobs for the West Coast and Northeast, it would harm middle America. (aspentimes.com)
  • Policymaking for posterity involves current decisions with distant consequences. (nber.org)
  • For example, how do decisions get made about what we can hear on the radio or limitations on ownership of mass media outlets? (indiana.edu)
  • Current telecommunications policy decisions and controversies will be studied. (indiana.edu)
  • At the end of a two-day meeting of the EU's 15 foreign ministers in Luxembourg yesterday, Britain agreed to curtail member states' scope to veto many foreign-policy decisions taken under the Union's system of qualified majority voting. (rferl.org)
  • Foreign Secretary Robin Cook told his colleagues Britain was dropping its long-time reservations to including in the new treaty a clause that would distinguish between decisions on general foreign-policy strategy -- which will still require consensus -- and those on the interpretation or implementation of the strategy, where no veto will now be permitted. (rferl.org)
  • Foreign-policy decisions will now mostly be made by weighted voting, but members will retain what EU officials in Brussels today called an 'emergency brake' that will allow them to block decisions on the basis of important and stated reasons of national policy. (rferl.org)
  • British officials said they were satisfied that London would retain an effective veto over foreign-policy questions and contended that the bulk of EU decisions would continue to be taken by consensus. (rferl.org)
  • Dans le domaine des decisions quant a la politique regionale, la fixation des points de reference est devenue de plus en plus populaire. (repec.org)
  • Though ORR is a relatively obscure corner of the sprawling agency, the new documents shed light on the broader improvised nature of how the administration sets policy - and raise questions about whether decisions violated existing state law and federal policy, according to depositions and emails released by the ACLU and conversations with former administration staffers. (politico.com)
  • In his December deposition, Lloyd said that the department had yet to formalize the procedures laid out in the email nine months earlier, and that decisions about abortions were still happening on "a case-by-case basis" with ORR staffers looking at the circumstances of the case and making a decision based on the "best interest" of the minor. (politico.com)
  • Cooperative decision-making Decisions are made on a consensus basis. (cohousing.org)
  • Better decisions are made when we draw on. (cohousing.org)
  • Decisions are made by those in attendance at General Meetings. (cohousing.org)
  • Now we have a situation where all of the public servants who could help are being forced out because they show everyone else up and question the stupid decisions made in Canberra. (crikey.com.au)
  • Governments make thousands of policy decisions each year that affect the health and well-being of millions of Americans. (sas.com)
  • Ready to make data-driven health policy decisions? (sas.com)
  • Before considering any specific examples, we will present a summary of the policy debate around data-driven decisions to give context to the examples raised. (cdt.org)
  • He holds a Ph.D. in Education and Development from the University of Tampere (Finland), and has been working for about 15 years on governance reforms and on systems and processes to support the production, demand and use of evidence to inform policy decisions in Cambodia, Vietnam, the Philippines, Thailand, and Indonesia. (springer.com)
  • The case studies - covering countries from the United States, Canada, Germany and the UK to Russia, Togo and Vietnam - follow a uniform structure, combining theoretical considerations and the presentation of empirical material to reveal how the distinct cultural and institutional features of modern states continue to have implications for the making and implementation of public policy decisions within them. (routledge.com)
  • Science helps inform policy decisions by providing information on the benefits and drawbacks of a technology or a product of that technology. (nanowerk.com)
  • Although scientific input to thegovernment is rarely the only factor in public policy decisions, this input should always be weighed from an objective and impartial perspective to avoid perilous consequences. (ucsusa.org)
  • Individual portfolio management teams may hold different views and may make different investment decisions for different clients. (ssga.com)
  • The decisions made now with respect to our policies on immigration, education, energy, trade, entitlements, taxes, and the role of government in managing the economy will determine the health, competitiveness, and relative significance of the U.S. economy in the decades ahead. (cato.org)
  • The EU is characterized by a complicated process of decision making involving various actors and levels of decisions making it difficult to provide a coherent and parsimonious analysis. (grin.com)
  • Most foreign policy strategies and decisions originate within Itamaraty. (country-studies.com)
  • I will begin by arguing that evidence, scientific and otherwise, is essential to generating good policy - indeed that it's critical to making good decisions in every part of our personal, professional and social lives. (sfu.ca)
  • This paper analyses the concept of regional benchmarking and its links with regional policy-making processes. (repec.org)
  • Distancing itself from approaches that conceive narrowly of policy transfer as a "one-way street" from powerful nations to weaker ones, this book argues instead for an understanding of national decision-making processes that emphasize cross-national comparisons and domestic field battles around the introduction of worldwide models. (routledge.com)
  • In other organizations, where records management and corporate governance are given a stronger hand, policies and processes have been implemented to enable the automated destruction of records in compliance with corporate policy. (wikibon.org)
  • The question of decision making processes is also highly linked with the question of the nature of the EU. (grin.com)
  • For the purpose of this paper, the EU is assumed to be similar to the "new governance system", allowing for a more flexible interpretation of the actual structure of policy making processes and following the current orthodoxy in EU scholarship (Hix 2011, p. 41). (grin.com)
  • Moreover, the model incorporates the time disparity of many EU policy making processes through separating the policy making process into an influencing and an implementation process (Pierson 1996, p. 149). (grin.com)
  • Moreover, as a citizen, I have become increasingly interested in how science is treated in policy debates and in policy-making processes. (sfu.ca)
  • Recognizing that public health, health care and health systems policy-makers need access to timely, independent and reliable health information for decision-making, WHO/Europe started HEN in 2003. (who.int)
  • For everyone to have the chance to live as healthy a life as possible, we need public policy that both helps maximize access to quality, affordable health care, and create communities that are healthier, more inclusive, and provide everyone the opportunity to thrive. (rwjf.org)
  • We also support convenings to promote robust public policy discussions, comment on federal regulations, and the provision of technical assistance to state and local governments putting health policies into place. (rwjf.org)
  • It also facilitates networking and the exchange of best practices in implementing EU, national, regional and local policies for public health. (who.int)
  • The ACLU, which is suing the administration over the policy , made public the December depositions of the director and the deputy director of the Office of Refugee Resettlement, the HHS office responsible for the care of undocumented minors who enter the country without their parents. (politico.com)
  • Presenting new theoretical ideas and empirical cases, this book is aimed globally at scholars of political science, international relations, comparative public policy, and sociology. (routledge.com)
  • Relationships among industry and policy-makers are important regarding new vaccines and should operate cautiously depending on the political climate and the interest of the public. (rwjf.org)
  • The federal government is adding another serious question to its social and financial policy competence by informing the public that it is proceeding with the promised evaluation of the New Income Management Program. (crikey.com.au)
  • The problem with evidence is that it relies on a public service which is based in Canberra and tells the state officers what evidence is required to support the policy positions preferred by the out of touch mandarins in Canberra. (crikey.com.au)
  • We will conclude with a description of how behavioral economics is used in public policy, as well as the interesting question of when a "nudge" becomes a shove. (upenn.edu)
  • Cody said those activities were part of Nassar's outreach/public service responsibilities and similar actives for other doctors would now be covered under the new university policy. (freep.com)
  • She has an undergraduate degree in urban and regional planning from Bandung Institute of Technology, a Master's in Public Policy and Administration from the Institute of Social Studies in the Netherlands and a Ph.D. in Coastal and Marine Resources Management from Bogor Agricultural University. (springer.com)
  • The scientific community is increasingly being called upon to provide evidence and advice to government policy-makers across a range of issues, from short-term public health emergencies through to longer-term challenges, such as population ageing or climate change. (oecd-ilibrary.org)
  • At the heart of both reports is the idea that more coherent and settled strategy, with cross-government and external input, added to effective scrutiny from initial consultation through to post-implementation review, can combine to produce better tax policy and a better public understanding of the tax system. (politics.co.uk)
  • Abortion Law and Public Policy , pp. 83-94 (Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Martinus Nijhoff). (springer.com)
  • Public Law and Public Policy , pp. 141-57 (New York: Praeger). (springer.com)
  • SCHEINGOLD, S. A. (1974) The Politics of Rights: Lawyers, Public Policy, and Political Change (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press). (springer.com)
  • TATALOVICH, Raymond and DAYNES, Byron W. (1981) The Politics of Abortion: A Study of Community Conflict in Public Policy Making (New York: Praeger). (springer.com)
  • Making Policy Public: Vendor Power! (urbanomnibus.net)
  • Making Policy Public (MPP) is one of CUP's programs: a series of fold-out posters that use graphic design to explore and explain public policy. (urbanomnibus.net)
  • This series aims to make information on public policy truly public: accessible, meaningful, and shared. (urbanomnibus.net)
  • In doing so, she makes a strong case for further extending the kinds of collaboration that Making Policy Public embodies, and for establishing more peer-to-peer platforms - identified by advocates and communicated through good design - for information exchange between citizens. (urbanomnibus.net)
  • Stay tuned to the Omnibus for a process narrative of another Making Policy Public poster, Predatory Equity, coming up in a couple weeks. (urbanomnibus.net)
  • I'm a big fan of CUP and when they posted an open call to designers and advocacy groups to work together through their Making Policy Public Program, I happily applied. (urbanomnibus.net)
  • The book is essential reading for students and scholars of public policy, public administration, comparative politics and development studies. (routledge.com)
  • Students of comparative public policy have long struggled to find concepts that work across a wide range of countries. (routledge.com)
  • The concept of 'policy style' was very simple and not overly sophisticated, yet 'policy style' has become a generic term in comparative public policy. (routledge.com)
  • Furthermore, in advocating policies that are not scientifically sound, the administration has sometimes misrepresented scientific knowledge and misled the public about the implications of its policies. (ucsusa.org)
  • The four attacks in Germany in the past week, three of them committed by refugees, have deeply unsettled the public and are causing a backlash against Chancellor Merkel's open-door migrant policy. (thetimes.co.uk)
  • This year I have been awarded the Joseph P. Kennedy Public Policy Fellowship in Washington D.C. After interviewing last year I was awarded this fellowship and I am currently working in Washington D.C. on the Special Committee on Aging, Senator Grassley, Chairman, Iowa. (mn.gov)
  • Change for the latest analysis and insight from Macmillan Cancer Support's researchers, policy analysts and public affairs experts. (macmillan.org.uk)
  • Good public health policies balance both. (worldpolicy.org)
  • Community health workers could help build and maintain public trust in vaccines. (worldpolicy.org)
  • I hope that it will help to educate young people in their roles as sovereign right-holders, and also, from the perspective of public involvement (PI), that it will function as an intrinsic scheme to encourage students and youth to become involved in policy-making and to have their ideas reflected in policy. (yomiuri.co.jp)
  • At the same time, the City hopes that the young participants, by gaining direct experience of policy making at the frontline of local government, will become more interested in local government and administration, and become partners with the administration as new players on the public stage. (yomiuri.co.jp)
  • When it comes to bringing the weight of evidence to bear on public policy, we cannot escape Philosopher David Hume's insight that one cannot make an "ought" from an "is. (sfu.ca)
  • PLOS Medicine publishes research and commentary of general interest with clear implications for patient care, public policy or clinical research agendas. (plos.org)
  • Below is all of the content on our site that has been tagged Policy-Consensus/Decision Making . (cohousing.org)
  • The content throughout this website that originates with CDT can be freely copied and used as long as you make no substantive changes and clearly give us credit. (cdt.org)
  • The policy of archiving all content older than four months created a number of problems for this company. (novell.com)
  • This situation prompted the organization to modify its archiving policy so that all messages older than six months would be automatically deleted, although all content is backed up daily to support regulatory audits. (novell.com)
  • She has worked for over 12 years on governance and governance reform, environmental policy reforms, development planning and programme management with multilateral and bilateral organisations, NGOs, governments and research institutions. (springer.com)
  • Successive governments deserve credit for limited improvements to the tax policy process but these have not prevented the tax system from reaching unsustainable levels of complexity and leave a need for serious improvement. (politics.co.uk)
  • The report says governments need to ensure that carbon pricing is sufficient to achieve climate goals and that other policies are well-aligned with these goals. (oecd.org)
  • Governments have not always passed policies that have been beneficial to their people. (worldpolicy.org)
  • Therefore, governments must recognize local politics and the diverse social and cultural perspectives concerning immunization policies in order to support the success and acceptance of vaccinations. (worldpolicy.org)
  • Local governments should also establish research ethics committees that work alongside local medical associations to build trust. (worldpolicy.org)
  • I would love to see other local governments besides Chiba, which provided the occasion this time, take part in this kind of program in a variety of schools, and to see them introduce the proposals that come out of these sessions and apply them to their actual policies. (yomiuri.co.jp)
  • It is particularly important that local governments, which will become the main arena for civic participation, to tackle the establishment of models that will link policy-making with education. (yomiuri.co.jp)
  • Thus, as wrong as it would be for governments to ignore scientific evidence when crafting policy, it would be equally wrong for them to rely upon scientific evidence as a pretext for ignoring the will of the people to whom they are answerable. (sfu.ca)
  • This approach has been critical to our work in major policy areas such as tobacco control and health coverage , and helping to expand awareness of non-clinical issues such as health equity and the social determinants of health . (rwjf.org)
  • Many of these risks are outside the control of the health sector, so a health-in-all-policies [HiAP] approach is essential," said Ms Zsuzsanna Jakab, WHO Regional Director for Europe, during her keynote address. (who.int)
  • Ms Jakab called on the Open Health Forum's participants to continue promoting health in all policies, gathering evidence of the effectiveness of the HiAP approach and developing practical tools for its implementation. (who.int)
  • By looking at a few case studies and drawing out the prevailing policy principle, we can draw conclusions about how to critically approach the existing web of automated decision-making. (cdt.org)
  • CARTER, L. H. (1977) 'When Courts Should Make Policy: An Institutional Approach', in J. A. Gardiner (ed. (springer.com)
  • In order to provide a congruent analysis based on these assumptions a three step approach is implemented: first, an analysis of the nature of the decision making process in the EU, second an explanation of different decision levels, and lastly an overarching general interpretation. (grin.com)
  • The "political systems approach" assumes stricter formal rules and a strong redistribution focus in the policy output of the system (Hix 2011). (grin.com)
  • If a lower contribution is proposed the scheme will be subject to the Viability Tested Route set out in part E of Policy H6 Threshold approach to applications. (london.gov.uk)
  • But what actually happens at the national level-where policies are ultimately made and implemented-when policy-making is interdependent worldwide? (routledge.com)
  • While subsidies for consumers are often put in place for social reasons, they are usually poorly targeted, expensive and ultimately undermine climate policy action as well. (oecd.org)
  • Ultimately the organization must chose between automated policy administration for records management and records destruction and a more manual process, in which the business owner either authorizes destruction of records in accordance with corporate policy or authorizes the retention of records beyond the period defined in corporate policy. (wikibon.org)
  • However, according to Carlton Carroll, the council's vice president of communications, U.S. President Donald Trump's history of climate change denial and regulation rollback makes it unlikely that serious political action will happen until after the next general election. (yaledailynews.com)
  • The situation has gotten worse of late because President Trump's economic policies have actually reinforced the dollar's rise. (epi.org)
  • The ORR's policy of requiring the director's approval before an unaccompanied minor can have an abortion was first laid out in a March 4, 2017, memo - a policy that was a sweeping departure from the George W. Bush and Obama administrations, which required the director's signoff only when federal funds were requested to pay for the procedure. (politico.com)
  • Arnaldo has been part of the team implementing the Australia-Indonesia Partnership for Pro-Poor Policy: The Knowledge Sector Initiative from 2013 to 2017 when he led the learning and research work of the programme. (springer.com)
  • This response addresses your January 3, 2017 request for a regulatory interpretation of whether synthetically created DNA sequences would be considered a select agent or toxin as defined by sections 3(c)(3) and 4 (c)(3) of the select agent regulations, which specifically states that "…select agents and toxins that have been genetically modified" are select agents and toxins. (cdc.gov)
  • The Forum is a mechanism through which the European Commission gathers feedback from stakeholders on the implementation of the EU health policy and identifies needs for new policy initiatives at the EU level. (who.int)
  • The new policy implementation contrasts with MSU's actions in 2014, when a woman who had recently graduated from the university told the MSU officials that Nassar sexually assaulted her during a medical appointment . (freep.com)
  • It draws on insights and evidence acquired through the implementation of the Knowledge Sector Initiative, a donor-funded programme that aims to increase the demand for and use of evidence in policymaking in Indonesia. (springer.com)
  • This strong-arm implementation of corporate policy often leads to the unintended consequence of increasing the distribution and leakage of corporate data, as business-unit employees save unauthorized copies of paper records or electronic data because they might need it in the future. (wikibon.org)
  • President Obama's vaunted legislative record not only left entrepreneurs with the burden of bigger government, it also makes it impossible for them to accurately estimate the new burden. (newsmax.com)
  • Uncertainty created by Obama's legislative 'successes' are comparable to the Depression and World War II? (newsmax.com)
  • Using a nonrandom selection of six states and interviews with 73 key informants, this article specifically took the case of Gardasil, the first vaccine approved for human papillomavirus and the position that Merck & Co., Inc. had in the immunization policy-making process. (rwjf.org)
  • The tool, which was developed by the Energy Policy and Development Centre of the National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, was assessed by two independent groups of EU evaluators who deemed it an innovative and successful solution for identifying and addressing barriers to energy efficiency. (europa.eu)
  • They will share their research findings showcasing the value and potential of the Active Ageing Index (AAI) , a tool developed in 2012 under a jointly managed project by UNECE along with the European Commission and the European Centre for Social Welfare Policy and Research. (unece.org)
  • Some of the policy is being directed through emails, memos or conversation rather than what's considered to be the normal policy process," said Bob Carey, former ORR director during the Obama administration. (politico.com)
  • Brussels officials told our correspondent today that the Netherlands' latest draft for Maastricht Two also provides for member states to abstain what is called 'constructively' on foreign-policy votes -- that is, without preventing a common position being adopted. (rferl.org)
  • In fact the agreement made in Brussels may be worth less than the paper it is written on, EU diplomats and officials say. (reuters.com)
  • In addition, the new decision-making procedure agreed on in Luxembourg will not apply to questions with military or defense implications, which remain subject to consensual votes. (rferl.org)
  • The results demonstrate, from a new angle, the dynamics of housing affordability in Australia during the recent decade which leads to policy implications different to polices currently in use. (repec.org)
  • The shifting balance between manufacturing and service industries in developed economies has significant implications for long-term growth and international trade. (voxeu.org)
  • Deindustrialisation is a major policy concern in high-income countries not only because of resulting unemployment, but also because of the long-run implications for growth. (voxeu.org)
  • Examining the degree to which pharmaceutical companies play a role in policy-making regarding state immunizations, this article discusses key stakeholders' opinions about the appropriateness of this behavior, and how it affects relationships between the industry and policy outcomes. (rwjf.org)
  • Then we will analyze three case studies from diverse industries to determine what policy interventions might be applied more broadly to encourage positive outcomes and prevent the risk of discrimination. (cdt.org)
  • Thinking about spending-like tax reliefs alongside grants, subsidies and other measures administered by spending departments would be an aid to judging the most effective way to achieve the policy outcomes being sought by government, which might be tax, spending, regulation or some combination of these. (politics.co.uk)
  • Trivedi and colleagues opted not to evaluate the states based on disparities in health outcomes "but rather on more proximate measures of effort, leadership, capacity, and infrastructure that would be sensitive to direct policy interventions. (commonwealthfund.org)
  • Lloyd also said that he spoke with White House staff about the abortion policy, but not with the HHS secretary, which was Tom Price for most of that period. (politico.com)
  • This analysis compares the development of abortion policy in England, France, Ireland, Italy, the United States and West Germany. (springer.com)
  • In order to facilitate this, decision making can be defined as a single unit process, observable at the level of each institutional or personal actor involved (Peterson 1995). (grin.com)
  • For example, in June 1995 the economic sector, led by the Ministry of Planning, made the initial decision to impose quotas on imported automobiles. (country-studies.com)
  • It is suggested that while benchmarking exercises are informing policy adaptation and innovation, they have been constrained by political and financial factors. (repec.org)
  • STI Policy Papers cover a broad range of topics, including industry and globalisation, innovation and entrepreneurship, scientific R&D and emerging technologies. (oecd-ilibrary.org)
  • Among the measures analysed are policy instruments that price every tonne of CO2 emitted, and other policies that put an implicit price on emissions and cost-effectively spur innovation. (oecd.org)
  • Make sure the next economic downturn results in an innovation upturn for your business, follow these 12 steps. (grantthornton.com)
  • Thousands of Partners graduates are part of a growing national and international network of community leaders serving on policy making committees, commissions, boards, and in elected office at all levels of government. (wikipedia.org)
  • National Policy-Making: domestication of global trends offers a unique set of hybrid cases that straddle these disciplinary and conceptual divides. (routledge.com)
  • The case studies in this collection show how national policies appear to be synchronized globally yet are developed with distinct "national" flavors. (routledge.com)
  • The Role of PISA Publicity in Forming National Education Policy: The Case of the Finnish Curriculum Reform by Marjaana Rautalin Part II: Domestic Field Battles and Naturalization 7. (routledge.com)
  • This new edited volume makes a much needed contribution to the comparative study of national policy styles. (routledge.com)
  • He told the panel national leadership was needed to create the energy future the country needs. (aspentimes.com)
  • The military had the final say on foreign policy during the 1964-85 period, when foreign policy was decided frequently within the National Security Council (Conselho de Seguran a Nacional--CSN). (country-studies.com)
  • Prague, 4 June 1997 (RFE/RL) -- A concession by Britain's new Labor Government has allowed the European Union to make an important -- but still only partial -- breakthrough in its efforts to reach consensus on basic institutional reforms before a critical summit meeting in 12 days. (rferl.org)
  • His background is in economic development with a specialisation in education policy reforms in Southeast Asia. (springer.com)
  • Now as we work to implement broad reforms, we call upon the president and Congress to create conditions conducive to a thriving scientific enterprise that will serve our democracy with integrity and bring the full fruits of science to all Americans and to the world. (ucsusa.org)
  • You cannot claim that someone that age made lifestyle choices," said Ugandan lawyer Barney Afako, an expert on transitional justice who previously participated in talks between the LRA and the Ugandan government. (foreignpolicy.com)
  • Through an investment vehicle, the government will also have equity participation in entities that manufacture such products for the next three years. (informationweek.com)
  • This report is a welcome contribution to the debate on the future of UK tax policy, and deserves careful consideration by government. (politics.co.uk)
  • Ideas in the report for improving the tax policy-making process push in the same direction as recommendations in last year's Better Budgets report, published by CIOT, the Institute for Fiscal Studies and the Institute for Government. (politics.co.uk)
  • The CIOT draws on our members' experience in private practice, commerce and industry, government and academia to improve tax administration and propose and explain how tax policy objectives can most effectively be achieved. (politics.co.uk)
  • 1 The next UK government therefore needs to make health central to all its policies. (bmj.com)
  • The new government must think beyond its term of office and implement policies through which the UK grows the wellbeing of future generations. (bmj.com)
  • With international negotiations getting under way for a new climate agreement in 2015, every government needs to review its policy settings and rigorously assess if their overall impact helps climate action or hinders it. (oecd.org)
  • In an age of widening partisanship and plummeting trust in government, this outpouring of philanthropy has produced a distinct breed of philanthropist: The policy-making billionaire. (buergerwelle.de)
  • it is, in fact, an official policy goal of the U.S. government. (rollcall.com)
  • Policies that raise the cost of doing business in the United States - such as our tariff regime and the trade remedies duties that the U.S. government imposes on broad swaths of industrial inputs - encourage manufacturers to at least consider moving operations abroad, where those materials are available at better prices. (cato.org)
  • City-level investment ratios are found to be negatively correlated with local government debt for private manufacturing firms, but not for state-owned or foreign-owned manufacturers. (voxeu.org)
  • Around forty tenth-grade students took on the challenges of discovering issues and forming policies in local government in this program, a learning-through-experience program that links high schools and universities. (yomiuri.co.jp)
  • The mission for the students, assigned to them by Chiba City, was to come up with policy proposals for more involvement by children and youth in local government. (yomiuri.co.jp)
  • However in my past incarnations as a constitutional scholar and a cabinet minister in the government of British Columbia, I have had occasion to engage with scientists and with science, and to reflect upon the nature of their roles in relation to policy-making. (sfu.ca)
  • The biggest change in decades" was incorporating a new media team into the White House proper, which required the cooperation of multiple stakeholders in the legal, IT, cybersecurity and policy realms. (oreilly.com)
  • 2. Policy Styles in the United Kingdom: A Majoritarian UK vs. Devolved Consensus Democracies? (routledge.com)
  • CUP specializes in creating interdisciplinary collaborations that bring together designers, educators, advocates, and community residents to improve urban life in New York City and beyond. (urbanomnibus.net)
  • We are also at the forefront of creating interdisciplinary training programs that integrate approaches from the social and biological sciences, building research capacity and training the next generation of scholars. (unc.edu)
  • In addition to providing a framework for assessing disaster risk management policies in cities, this report also presents the results of assessment and locally tailored policy recommendations in five cities of different institutional, geographic, socio-economic and environmental contexts in Southeast Asia. (oecd.org)
  • These three characteristics can be incorporated through a pyramidal policy making model consisting of three levels of decision making: the super-systemic level (grand-bargains, new treaties, etc.), the systemic level (policy making within the regulated EU framework), and the meso-level (informal policy making). (grin.com)
  • In addition to Intel, a number of global heavyweights in the chip industry, including the world's No. 1 contract chipmaker, Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing (TSMC), are developing 3D IC technology to produce smaller chips. (taipeitimes.com)
  • So, let me start with one of the western world's great thinkers, writers and policy-makers - setting off confidently, poetically and catastrophically on the wrong foot. (sfu.ca)
  • After building a foundation that we could use to launch a Facebook presence and @WhiteHouse Twitter account, we could use the same policies for Robert Gibbs , Bill Burton and Macon Phillips ," explained Croft. (oreilly.com)
  • Releasing the report Climate and carbon: Aligning prices and policies during a Lecture organised jointly with the London School of Economics, OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría said that a transformation of the global energy system is needed if countries hope to limit climate change to a 2ºC temperature increase from pre-industrial levels, as agreed by the global community. (oecd.org)
  • The president's policies are now backfiring on GM and domestic manufacturers because the dollar has increased 5.4 percent in value in the past year alone. (epi.org)
  • President's Office / Statements & Speeches / 2013 / The Art of Policy Making: What's Science got to do with it? (sfu.ca)
  • Global Trends in European Regional Development: The EU Cohesion Policy and the Case of Region-Building in Poland by Sebatian M. Büttner 6. (routledge.com)
  • The Meeting also serves as a core community development activity, gathering members together to build and maintain the collective life of the community. (cohousing.org)
  • 5 6 Decades of science on inequalities in health require policies to reduce inequalities in income, improve early childhood development, and reduce other social, educational, and environmental disadvantages. (bmj.com)
  • To address today's policy development, territorial diversity and cohesion challenges, the ESPON programme provides a number of tools with valuable information and data for countries, regions, cities, and citizens. (espon.eu)
  • This global competition in policy is a positive development. (cato.org)
  • For example, Milorad Kovacevic, Human development Report Office of UNDP, will consider the added value of composite indicators for policymaking. (unece.org)
  • WASHINGTON - Three Democratic governors told a Senate panel Tuesday that efforts to curb global warming and spur the development of cleaner sources of energy have created jobs and new businesses in their states, a trend that could expand nationwide if Congress passes federal legislation. (aspentimes.com)
  • Rural Development Policy Making Tools. (grin.com)
  • To qualify as large-scale purpose-built shared living , the development, or block or phase within a development must be of at least 50 units. (london.gov.uk)
  • It is important within a large-scale purpose-built shared living development to create a sense of community . (london.gov.uk)
  • TPP has been called a "21st Century Agreement," but it will be anything but fresh if it makes crucial medicines even scarcer throughout the developing nations of the world. (rollcall.com)
  • Many Obamacare plan deductibles top $7,000 for a single person, with family policies clocking in well above that. (courier-journal.com)
  • The team used artificial intelligence (AI) algorithms to crawl 7,000 of the most popular websites' privacy policies and identify those that contain language about data collection and use, third-party sharing, data retention, and user choice - among other privacy issues. (cmu.edu)
  • The AI learned from those annotations and then crawled the policies from over 7,000 of the most popular sites on the web. (cmu.edu)
  • Improving people's health by enhancing the information that underpins policy The European Health Information Initiative (EHII) is a multimember WHO network that is committed to improving the health of the people of the European Region by enhancing the information on which policy is based. (who.int)
  • Create a 360-degree, whole-person view of each member to identify high-risk populations and target interventions where they are needed most. (sas.com)
  • accessing high quality community living arrangements Through the combination of both on-site training and a vast array of internet-based training resources, Partners in Policymaking is intended to assist people with disabilities to know their rights, to know what to expect in terms of high quality services and supports, and to know how to obtain such services and supports within their local communities. (wikipedia.org)
  • Digital technology has empowered new voices, made the world more accessible, and increased the speed of almost every decision we make as businesses, communities, and individuals. (cdt.org)
  • The report's suggestion that select committees, including those not traditionally looking at tax policy, could take on a greater tax scrutiny role, also has a lot of potential. (politics.co.uk)
  • The proposals that came out of the program ranged from the daring proposal to set up a "students' city office," which would be for students only, to come up with ideas for incorporating civic participation into school activities, such as forming committees in each school to make proposals to the city. (yomiuri.co.jp)
  • Budiati Prasetiamartati is a Programme Lead at the Australia-Indonesia Partnership for Pro-Poor Policy: The Knowledge Sector Initiative. (springer.com)
  • If the employer wishes to avoid the headache of enforcing a patchwork of policies, and if it makes sense for business operations, I usually suggest compliance with the state that has the most protective laws across all operations,' said Jaklyn Wrigley, an attorney with Fisher Phillips in Gulfport, Miss. (shrm.org)
  • The Sociogenesis of the Nation-State in European Social Policy by Stefan Bernhard 5. (routledge.com)
  • Hopefully the space created by moving to a single fiscal event (as advocated in Better Budgets), combined with a Chancellor who, whether through inclination or circumstances, seems less inclined than most of his predecessors to keep the tax system in a state of permanent revolution, will enable recommendations such as those in this report and Better Budgets to get the consideration they deserve from ministers and officials. (politics.co.uk)
  • This policy will outline the state and local regulatory requirements designed to provide good fire prevention practices as well as maintaining safe egress (exit) routes. (conncoll.edu)
  • Strong passwords are a great start toward protecting clients' data, but clients need policies that clearly state user responsibility for protecting passwords and connections. (techrepublic.com)
  • Washington Gov. Chris Gregoire said her state has already created in two years nearly twice the 25,000 new "green" jobs it set as a goal to reach by 2020. (aspentimes.com)
  • New Jersey Gov. Jon Corzine said the state has committed to reducing its greenhouse gas emissions by 80 percent and is looking to construct wind farms offshore. (aspentimes.com)
  • Before formulating a policy, owners should be aware that they're not required under federal or most state laws to grant employees paid time off when they're sick, but the federal Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993, known as the FMLA, might require that companies give workers unpaid sick leave. (thehour.com)
  • By making it harder for workers' organizations to sustain themselves financially, RTW laws aim to restrict the share of state employees who are able to represent themselves through collective bargaining, and to limit the effectiveness of unions in negotiating higher wages and benefits for their members. (epi.org)
  • Since the law passed in 2001, manufacturing employment and relocations into the state reversed their climb and began to fall, precisely the opposite of what right-to-work advocates promised. (epi.org)
  • Improving the health of people in the UK will improve the productivity of our nation, and enhancing our health and care industries will provide a platform for creating health related jobs: the "health dividend. (bmj.com)
  • After all, most organizations exist to make money or to provide a service. (wikibon.org)
  • First, distributed runtimes provide low-level policy interfaces to apply the optimizations, but do not ensure the maintenance of correct application semantics and thus often require significant effort to use. (usenix.org)
  • Second, policy interfaces that extend a high-level application programming model ensure correctness, but do not provide sufficient fine control. (usenix.org)
  • Eventually, the goal is to make this information available to users via a simple and intuitive browser plug-in that would provide users with personalized summaries highlighting those issues they are most likely to care about. (cmu.edu)
  • Partners in Policymaking is a free program designed to teach people with disabilities and family members the power of advocacy to positively change the way people with disabilities are supported, viewed, taught, live and work. (wikipedia.org)
  • In a culture such as this, compliance with laws, regulations, policies or any other rules coming from the establishment look to many people boring and deadening. (techtarget.com)
  • We need to follow up via performance reviews, internal audits, automatic vulnerability identification software and other checking mechanisms, in order to make sure that people are delivering in a manner consistent with assigned roles and responsibilities. (techtarget.com)
  • Banker to Benefits Manager: " Well, highly compensated people like me, when faced with an excise tax imposed on the company, with the intent of discouraging excess compensation that may end up in a net reduction in my pay, under those circumstances, we highly compensated people normally would get grossed up to make us whole again. (thehealthcareblog.com)
  • These evaluations include longitudinal studies to determine the long term benefits of the program, the extent to which Partners graduates continue to be involved in leadership activities, and how the leadership skills taught during Partners are being used and making a difference in the lives of people with disabilities and families. (mn.gov)
  • The Macmillan Policy team demands better for people affected by cancer by working across the UK to develop, drive and support policy solutions to improve their lives. (macmillan.org.uk)
  • Such policies are vital to foster the economic, social and physical well-being of people of all ages. (unece.org)
  • One of the aims of the internship program is to have its policies assessed, problems detected and solutions to those problems considered and proposed from the viewpoint of the people concerned or as close to that viewpoint as possible. (yomiuri.co.jp)
  • People all too often make the same kinds of observation when trying to build support for their arguments. (sfu.ca)
  • The project website enables people to navigate machine-annotated privacy policies and jump directly to statements of interest to them, including those often buried deep in the text of privacy policies. (cmu.edu)
  • We found that the text of the policies is often vague and ambiguous, and people tend to struggle to interpret and determine what personal information is collected, how it's used, and what other entities it's shared with," Sadeh says. (cmu.edu)
  • EPI is an independent, nonprofit think tank that researches the impact of economic trends and policies on working people in the United States. (epi.org)
  • The first part of the survey, which we are covering today in this Nanowerk Spotlight , introduces nanotechnology policy making and the reasons for its complexity, and offers a panorama of the set of mandatory tools that are currently available to regulate nanotechnologies. (nanowerk.com)
  • Since the 1980s, Itamaraty, in response to the growing complexity of foreign policy issues, has established new divisions dealing with export promotion, environmental affairs, science and technology, and human rights. (country-studies.com)
  • So as a best practice, she said, businesses should include sexual orientation, gender identity and gender expression in their anti-harassment policies and harassment-prevention training. (shrm.org)
  • The volume brings together well-researched case studies of policy-making from across the world that speak to practical issues but also challenge current theories of global influence in local policies. (routledge.com)
  • He added, though, that the area's tourist attractions and lack of local competition could make for a profitable casino. (washingtonexaminer.com)
  • For those states looking beyond traditional or low wage manufacturing jobs - whether to higher-tech manufacturing, to "knowledge" sector jobs, or to service industries dependent on consumer spending in the local economy - there is reason to believe that right-to-work laws may actually harm a state's economic prospects. (epi.org)
  • lower discount rates should be applied to the far future, and special effort should be made to avoid actions that impose costs on future generations. (nber.org)
  • The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is facing a future in which its hands will be tied on making many policies if a new bill becomes law. (newscientist.com)
  • As such, it not only illustrates the current situation but also helps to highlight the areas where future gains can be made. (unece.org)
  • Europe is leading efforts to design policies that encourage energy efficiency in the buildings sector, but many obstacles - such as lack of funds or fear of technology - still compromise the adoption of these policies. (europa.eu)