The decision process by which individuals, groups or institutions establish policies pertaining to plans, programs or procedures.
Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.
Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.
The collective designation of three organizations with common membership: the European Economic Community (Common Market), the European Coal and Steel Community, and the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom). It was known as the European Community until 1994. It is primarily an economic union with the principal objectives of free movement of goods, capital, and labor. Professional services, social, medical and paramedical, are subsumed under labor. The constituent countries are Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. (The World Almanac and Book of Facts 1997, p842)
The science of controlling or modifying those conditions, influences, or forces surrounding man which relate to promoting, establishing, and maintaining health.
Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.
An approach of practicing medicine with the goal to improve and evaluate patient care. It requires the judicious integration of best research evidence with the patient's values to make decisions about medical care. This method is to help physicians make proper diagnosis, devise best testing plan, choose best treatment and methods of disease prevention, as well as develop guidelines for large groups of patients with the same disease. (from JAMA 296 (9), 2006)
The integration of epidemiologic, sociological, economic, and other analytic sciences in the study of health services. Health services research is usually concerned with relationships between need, demand, supply, use, and outcome of health services. The aim of the research is evaluation, particularly in terms of structure, process, output, and outcome. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
A course or method of action selected, usually by an organization, institution, university, society, etc., from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions and positions on matters of public interest or social concern. It does not include internal policy relating to organization and administration within the corporate body, for which ORGANIZATION AND ADMINISTRATION is available.
A course or method of action selected to guide and determine present and future decisions.
The process of making a selective intellectual judgment when presented with several complex alternatives consisting of several variables, and usually defining a course of action or an idea.
A course of action or principle adopted or proposed by a government, party, business, or individual that concerns human interactions with nature and natural resources.
Transmission of information over distances via electronic means.
Delivery of health services via remote telecommunications. This includes interactive consultative and diagnostic services.
A system containing any combination of computers, computer terminals, printers, audio or visual display devices, or telephones interconnected by telecommunications equipment or cables: used to transmit or receive information. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Analog or digital communications device in which the user has a wireless connection from a telephone to a nearby transmitter. It is termed cellular because the service area is divided into multiple "cells." As the user moves from one cell area to another, the call is transferred to the local transmitter.
The transmission and reception of electric impulses or signals by means of electric waves without a connecting wire, or the use of these waves for the wireless transmission of electric impulses into which sound is converted. (From Webster's 3d)
Transmission and interpretation of tissue specimens via remote telecommunication, generally for the purpose of diagnosis or consultation but may also be used for continuing education.
Place or physical location of work or employment.
Individuals or groups, excluded from participation in the economic, social, and political activities of membership in a community.
Severe gender dysphoria, coupled with a persistent desire for the physical characteristics and social roles that connote the opposite biological sex. (APA, DSM-IV, 1994)
Differential treatment or unequal access to opportunities or services based on perceived homosexual preference or orientation.
The level of governmental organization and function at the national or country-wide level.
Persons having a sense of persistent identification with, and expression of, gender-coded behaviors not typically associated with one's anatomical sex at birth, and with or without a desire to undergo SEX REASSIGNMENT PROCEDURES.
Method of measuring performance against established standards of best practice.
The ability to learn and to deal with new situations and to deal effectively with tasks involving abstractions.
A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions.
Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.
A course of study offered by an educational institution.
Success in bringing an effort to the desired end; the degree or level of success attained in some specified area (esp. scholastic) or in general.
A group of Indian Ocean Islands, east of Tanzania. Their capital is Victoria. They were first claimed by the French in 1744 but taken by the English in 1794 and made a dependency of MAURITIUS in 1810. They became a crown colony in 1903 and a republic within the Commonwealth in 1976. They were named for the French finance minister, Jean Moreau de Sechelles, but respelled by the English in 1794. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1102 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p496)
The assessing of academic or educational achievement. It includes all aspects of testing and test construction.
Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.
Advanced technology that is costly, requires highly skilled personnel, and is unique in its particular application. Includes innovative, specialized medical/surgical procedures as well as advanced diagnostic and therapeutic equipment.
Materials that have a limited and usually variable electrical conductivity. They are particularly useful for the production of solid-state electronic devices.
Devices capable of receiving data, retaining data for an indefinite or finite period of time, and supplying data upon demand.
Regulations to assure protection of property and equipment.
A computer disk read by a laser beam, containing data prerecorded by a vendor. The buyer cannot enter or modify data in any way but the advantages lie in the speed of accessibility, relative immunity to damage, and relatively low cost of purchase.

Tobacco control advocates must demand high-quality media campaigns: the California experience. (1/1177)

OBJECTIVE: To document efforts on the part of public officials in California to soften the media campaign's attack on the tobacco industry and to analyse strategies to counter those efforts on the part of tobacco control advocates. METHODS: Data were gathered from interviews with programme participants, direct observation, written materials, and media stories. In addition, internal documents were released by the state's Department of Health Services in response to requests made under the California Public Records Act by Americans for Nonsmokers' Rights. Finally, a draft of the paper was circulated to 11 key players for their comments. RESULTS: In 1988 california voters enacted Proposition 99, an initiative that raised the tobacco tax by $0.25 and allocated 20% of the revenues to anti-tobacco education. A media campaign, which was part of the education programme, directly attacked the tobacco industry, exposing the media campaign to politically based efforts to shut it down or soften it. Through use of outsider strategies such as advertising, press conferences, and public meetings, programme advocates were able to counter the efforts to soften the campaign. CONCLUSION: Anti-tobacco media campaigns that expose industry manipulation are a key component of an effective tobacco control programme. The effectiveness of these campaigns, however, makes them a target for elimination by the tobacco industry. The experience from California demonstrates the need for continuing, aggressive intervention by nongovernmental organisations in order to maintain the quality of anti-tobacco media campaigns.  (+info)

Reforming the health sector in developing countries: the central role of policy analysis. (2/1177)

Policy analysis is an established discipline in the industrialized world, yet its application to developing countries has been limited. The health sector in particular appears to have been neglected. This is surprising because there is a well recognized crisis in health systems, and prescriptions abound of what health policy reforms countries should introduce. However, little attention has been paid to how countries should carry out reforms, much less who is likely to favour or resist such policies. This paper argues that much health policy wrongly focuses attention on the content of reform, and neglects the actors involved in policy reform (at the international, national sub-national levels), the processes contingent on developing and implementing change and the context within which policy is developed. Focus on policy content diverts attention from understanding the processes which explain why desired policy outcomes fail to emerge. The paper is organized in 4 sections. The first sets the scene, demonstrating how the shift from consensus to conflict in health policy established the need for a greater emphasis on policy analysis. The second section explores what is meant by policy analysis. The third investigates what other disciplines have written that help to develop a framework of analysis. And the final section suggests how policy analysis can be used not only to analyze the policy process, but also to plan.  (+info)

Whose policy is it anyway? International and national influences on health policy development in Uganda. (3/1177)

As national resources for health decline, so dependence on international resources to finance the capital and recurrent costs is increasing. This dependence, combined with an increasing emphasis on policy-based, as opposed to project-based, lending and grant-making has been accompanied by greater involvement of international actors in the formation of national health policy. This paper explores the process of health policy development in Uganda and examines how major donors are influencing and conflicting with national policy-making bodies. Focusing on two examples of user fees and drugs policies, it argues that while the content of international prescriptions to strengthen the health system may not be bad in itself, the process by which they are applied potentially threatens national sovereignty and weakens mechanisms for ensuring accountability. It concludes by proposing that in order to increase the sustainability of policy reforms, much greater emphasis should be placed on strengthening national capacity for policy analysis and research, building up policy networks and enhancing the quality of information available to the public concerning key policy changes.  (+info)

Overview: health financing reforms in Africa.(4/1177)


The fall and rise of cost sharing in Kenya: the impact of phased implementation. (5/1177)

The combined effects of increasing demand for health services and declining real public resources have recently led many governments in the developing world to explore various health financing alternatives. Faced with a significant decline during the 1980s in its real per capita expenditures, the Kenya Ministry of Health (MOH) introduced a new cost sharing programme in December 1989. The programme was part of a comprehensive health financing strategy which also included social insurance, efficiency measures, and private sector development. Early implementation problems led to the suspension in September 1990 of the outpatient registration fee, the major revenue source at the time. In 1991, the Ministry initiated a programme of management improvement and gradual re-introduction of an outpatient fee, but this time as a treatment fee. The new programme was carried out in phases, beginning at the national and provincial levels and proceeding to the local level. The impact of these changes was assessed with national revenue collection reports, quality of care surveys in 6 purposively selected indicator districts, and time series analysis of monthly utilization in these same districts. In contrast to the significant fall in revenue experienced over the period of the initial programme, the later management improvements and fee adjustments resulted in steady increases in revenue. As a percentage of total non-staff expenditures, fiscal year 1993-1994 revenue is estimated to have been 37% at provincial general hospitals, 20% at smaller hospitals, and 21% at health centres. Roughly one third of total revenue is derived from national insurance claims. Quality of care measures, though in some respects improved with cost sharing, were in general somewhat mixed and inconsistent. The 1989 outpatient registration fee led to an average reduction in utilization of 27% at provincial hospitals, 45% at district hospitals, and 33% at health centres. In contrast, phased introduction of the outpatient treatment fee beginning in 1992, combined with somewhat broader exemptions, was associated with much smaller decreases in outpatient utilization. It is suggested that implementing user fees in phases by level of health facility is important to gain patient acceptance, to develop the requisite management systems, and to orient ministry staff to the new systems.  (+info)

Organisation of asthma care: what difference does it make? A systematic review of the literature. (6/1177)

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of different forms of organisation (delivery) of asthma care. METHODS: A systematic review of the published evidence of effectiveness organisational methods of asthma management. Searches on computerised databases including Medline, CINAHL, and HELMIS, and relevant citations and letters to experts were used to identify relevant studies. RESULTS: 27 studies were identified that evaluated different organisational methods of delivery across both primary and secondary sectors, such as shared care, general practice asthma clinics, outpatient programmes, inpatient admissions policies, and the use of specialists. Only one third of the studies used a randomised controlled trial and many had small sample sizes. No conclusive evidence was found to favour any particular organisational form, although limited evidence would suggest that specialist care is better than general care and that shared care can be as effective as hospital led care. CONCLUSIONS: There is little good published research evaluating different ways of organising the delivery of asthma care. There is need for quality research on organisational methods of delivery of asthma care that could be used to inform policy makers, in particular examining whether patients treated by healthcare professional with expertise and interest in asthma will experience better outcomes.  (+info)

HMOs and the efficiency of healthcare delivery. (7/1177)

HMOs and other forms of managed care continue to grow rapidly and remain the centerpiece of this nation's policies for health system reform. Despite a growing public and legislative backlash at managed care, there is no comprehensive theory of HMOs to guide policymakers and analysts. It is not yet clear whether managed care improves society's allocation of resources to and within the health sector. After examining HMOs within the context of Coase's theory of the firm, I argue that HMOs share characteristics with collective goods. This framework, and the expanded agency role of physicians under managed care, is used to evaluate the equity and efficiency characteristics of a system of competing HMOs. Other concerns that are increasingly associated with managed care also are addressed.  (+info)

Eradicating guinea worm without wells: unrealized hopes of the Water Decade. (8/1177)

At the start of the United Nations International Drinking Water Supply and Sanitation Decade in the 1980s, guinea worm disease was targeted as the major indicator of the success of the Decade's efforts to promote safe water. By the late 1980s, most of the guinea worm endemic countries in Africa and South Asia had established guinea worm eradication programmes that included water supply as one of their main technical strategies. By surveying the water supply situation in Ifeloju Local Government Area (LGA) in Oyo State, Nigeria, in June 1996, as a case study, it was possible to determine the role that water supply has played in the eradication effort. Although two major agencies, the former Directorate for Food, Roads and Rural Infrastructure and UNICEF, provided hand dug and bore-hole wells respectively in many parts of the LGA, coverage of the smaller farm hamlets has been minor compared to efforts in the larger towns. This is ironic because the farm hamlets served as a reservoir for the disease in the 1980s, such that when the piped water system in the towns broke down, guinea worm was easily reintroduced into the towns. The survey of 188 ever-endemic hamlets with an estimated population of 23,556 found that 74.3% of the people still drink only pond water. Another 11.3% have wells that have become dysfunctional. Only 14.4% of this rural population has access' to functioning wells. Guinea worm was eliminated from 107 of the hamlets mainly by the use of cloth filters and chemical treatment of ponds. While this proves that it is possible to eradicate guinea worm, it fails to leave behind the legacy of reliable, safe water supplies that was the hope of the Water Decade.  (+info)

Policy-making is a dynamic process involving the interplay of various factors, with power, one of its core components, at the heart of every policy process [1]. Fundamental to any policy process are the roles of the actors. The actors influence the process through their knowledge, experiences, beliefs and power [1]. Although power has a profound role in policy-making, empirical evidence suggests that health policy analysis has paid only limited attention to the issue of power in low and middle income countries [2]. Further, power is rarely examined because this is difficult, requiring a combination of empirical evidence and theorising. The definition of power is ambiguous too, especially when it is used in operational terms for research [3]. Dhal [3] states that the way power is defined and understood has implications in policy-making. There are conflicting views on power dynamics, including on the common assumption that power is and should always be top-down.. Many of the debates around policy ...
Duration: 2009 - 2011 Introduction. New technologies for distributing but also creating visual images can have a profound impact on the way public policy is made. In this project this impact, whether it is present, and if so, in which way, was researched. Next to the new technologies also traditional technologies for creating and distributing visual images were looked at with the aim to find how these technologies influence public policy making. The relation between government and citizens was looked at but also the relation between experts and scholars among each other, as well as in relationship to the government.. Click here to view the project plan. ...
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The policy-making culture in Slovakia and the whole Central and Eastern Europe has a traditional, predominantly legalistic nature with only little or no access of public / independent experts into policy development. One of the prerequisites of a democratic and well functioning society is effective public administration with a more professional policy making culture. This kind of policy culture is one in which a variety of analytical tools and policy instruments are applied to make and implement relevant, inclusive and high quality public policies, where public is consulted and actively involved into policy formulation, where development, monitoring and evaluation tools are in use, where strategic and project management skills are applied and where the whole process of policy making is transparent. The objectives of the project is to analyze in a case study the existing organizational and institutional arrangements as well as the practice of policy making in Slovakia, analyze the relationship ...
EU Policy Making - How does everyday decision-making differ from constitutional bargaining and why? - Politics - Essay 2011 - ebook 1.99 € - GRIN
Downloadable (with restrictions)! Evidence of a significant vaccine policy shift can be witnessed not only in the number of new vaccines available in Japan but also in the way that vaccine policy is being formulated. In 2010, policy makers decided for the first time ever to commission economic analyses as a reference in their consideration of subsidy allocation. This research offers a firsthand account of the recent changes in vaccine policies by examining the decision-making process from the perspective of the researchers commissioned to perform the economic evaluations. In order to understand the vaccine policy-making process, a review was made of all the documents that were distributed and discussed during the government committee meetings from February 2010 when the revision of the Preventive Vaccination Law was initially proposed to May 2012 when the final recommendations were made. Economic evaluations were conducted for seven vaccines under consideration in the routine immunization program
Each country, especially the emerging ones, have to back their health policy on the evidence brought by the research focused on health systems in order to implement sound, balanced health services for their citizens. Thailand Vietnam and India present in the video below their national institutes devoted to health systems research. Related articles Boston doctors…
Module PGZ2225 (1 ECTS) contains the practical Skills relevant for public health policy making and is linked with module PGZ2025 Public Health Policy. General principles applied to local settings. This module contains two practical skills trainings (Practicing policy making skills: part 4 and 5; parts 1 to 3 are part of the module itself, see module description of module PGZ2025).. Overall training coordinator is Dr. G. Klabbers, department of Health Ethics and Society, tel. 043-3881128, email [email protected] As a health promoter it is of great importance to develop specific skills that enable you to collaborate in teams. During all courses in the Bachelors Programme of Prevention and Health the topic of collaboration will be highlighted. This will be done using different working formats, like training sessions, games and reflection assignments. In this course, training 4 is is about negotiation and collaboration skills in policy development. In this training, ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - A Policy Analysis of Access to Health Care Inclusive of Cost, Quality, and Scope of Services. AU - Taub, Leslie Faith Morritt. PY - 2002/5. Y1 - 2002/5. N2 - A policy analysis of access to health care was undertaken using a review of current studies and proposals for health care reform in order to uncover the issues of cost, quality, and scope of services that would be required to realize health care coverage for the 38.7 million Americans who remain uncovered. This national issue was explored at the state level, and it was also explored at the individual level by a description of those affected by age, race, ethnicity, health status, and gender. Finally, the author looks at health care reform as one of many other issues affecting the American citizen as choices are made about how to utilize limited resources.. AB - A policy analysis of access to health care was undertaken using a review of current studies and proposals for health care reform in order to uncover the issues of ...
Countering Media Inequalities, most especially related to intersectional participation, representation and advocacy.. In providing a direct path from research idea to policy-making, the goal of the CPC is the removal of obstacles for socially relevant and inclusive policy-making, and increasing connectivity amongst stakeholders, increasing stakeholder involvement and, ultimately, policy sustainability. The CPC will be accessible to students already enrolled in the department, as well as students affiliated with Vienna-based international universities, providing a meeting point not just for policy-making stakeholders, but also for students from a range of backgrounds and with a variety of interests and skills. Krisztina Rozgonyi, who has extensive experience in policy-making and regulation, will be responsible for connecting research and policy discourses, developing policy leads, outreach and grant development. Jennifer Adams, a specialist in programme development, policy research and advocacy ...
Rhiannon Birch, Director of Strategic Insights and Planning at the University of Derby, observes how the recent deluge of HE policy papers has brought contrasting reactions and opinions on how the sector should engage with government proposals.. A couple of weeks ago, Nicola Owen wrote for this Blog on the avalanche of policy papers which had emerged from the DfE. With the sheer quantity of policy thrown at the sector, its been interesting to observe how responses have percolated through, and this weeks news provides some points for comparison.. One way of responding to a policy deluge is to think about the sectors positioning and its options to influence future policy development. In terms of a direct approach to policy engagement, Stephen Meeks piece on the Universities Policy Engagement Network (UPEN) highlighted that the relationship between research and policy making has mattered more than ever in the past year, and outlines how policy networks can facilitate direct engagement with ...
The workshop will aim at increasing the awareness and encourage potential stakeholders to apply for ESPON targeted analyses to support their policy-making processes. Targeted Analyses are powerful means to transfer knowledge, share experience and facilitate the use of European territorial evidence rooted in real place-based policy development processes. ESPON Targeted analyses are demand-driven and tailor-made research activities that since 2007 have provided support to a wide range of stakeholders representing their cities, regions, national governments, EU funded programmes etc.. During the workshop stakeholders will share their experiences in designing their proposals, cooperating with researchers in the implementation stage and using their results in policy-making. The EGTC will provide a step-by-step guidance and engage in an interactive dialogue with potential stakeholders who are interested to apply for targeted analyses. The partner café will provide a networking opportunity for ...
This paper examines the highly contested and ongoing biotechnology (Bt) policy-making process in Ghana. We analyse media content on how Bt is viewed in the context of Ghanas parliamentary debate on the Plant Breeders Bill and within the broader public policy-making literature. This paper does not seek to take a position on Bt or the Bill, but to understand how policy actors influence the debate with political and scientific rhetoric in Ghana. The study reveals that in the midst of scientific uncertainties of Bts potential for sustainable agriculture production and food security, policy decisions that encourage its future adoption are heavily influenced by health, scientific, economic, environmental and political factors dictated by different ideologies, values and norms ...
Improving the health of people in the UK will improve the productivity of our nation, and enhancing our health and care industries will provide a platform for creating health related jobs: the health dividend.1 The next UK government therefore needs to make health central to all its policies.2 And it must not surrender our rights to health in the post-Brexit era.3. Local authorities have recognised the opportunity of getting health into all policies, including education, environment, economy, licensing, leisure, and town planning, as they seek to become public health councils.4 National government must now become a public health government. The new government must think beyond its term of office and implement policies through which the UK grows the wellbeing of future generations. ...
This course analyzes the rise of America=s global leadership during the post-1945 era, its role in changing the international political and economic system and the subsequent challenges to that leadership during the last four decades. The course covers four major issue areas: a) theories about the origins of the Cold War; b) governmental institutions and the policy-making process; c) domestic sources of foreign policy; and d) the future of American foreign policy in a post-Cold War environment. COURSE REQUIREMENTS: There will be two quizzes (30%); a midterm examination (30%) and final examination (40%). One week prior to the quizzes, a take-home list of terms, names and concepts will be provided to each student. During the quizzes, students will be expected to identify a set of terms that appear on the take-home list. The exact number of these terms, etc., will be determined by the instructor. Both the midterm and final examinations will require students to answer a range of essay questions ...
BMJ Open October 2020 - Volume 10 - 11 Health policy Original research Original research: Advancing a health equity agenda across multiple policy domains: a qualitative policy analysis of social, trade and welfare policy (6 November, 2020) While there is urgent need for policymaking that prioritises health equity, successful strategies for advancing such…
At risk of losing important nuances, we summarize INCLUDEs insights into inclusive development over 2012-2018 in this one key principle. This principle emphasizes the importance of going beyond the assumption that all good things will automatically trickle down, and overarches the 7 principles for inclusive policy-making shown in this two-pager. ...
This report aims to provide a basis for understanding these challenges and the solutions available. It highlights the range of policy options available, complemented by country examples.
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For decades, thousands of scientific articles have proposed recommendations to reduce the impact of agricultural practices on the environment. However, how many of them have really impacted public policies? The gap between science and policy making and the lack of integration of science to policies have been the focal point of many research projects in political science, policy analysis and science and technology studies.. This research proposes to take the opposite entry point. It will start from the knowledge successfully integrated to policies in order to identify the keys to penetration of scientific evidence into the policy process. Agro-environmental policies are representative of issues where the stakes are high, the problems complex and the interdisciplinarity mandatory, which makes the integration of robust evidence both crucial and tortuous.. Through the analysis of various policy case studies in France, Germany and the United Kingdom, we will compare the role of agro-environmental ...
So, let me start with one of the western worlds great thinkers, writers and policy-makers - setting off confidently, poetically and catastrophically on the wrong foot.. Thomas Jefferson, in his remarkable text for the U.S. Declaration of Independence wrote: We hold these truths to be self-evident.. Were all familiar with the thrust of this sentence, even if the grammatical construction is a tad dated. People all too often make the same kinds of observation when trying to build support for their arguments. They say: its beyond question or its just common sense or, an old-time favourite of mine, its as plain as the nose on your face.. This is where we begin to go wrong. Of course, the Jeffersonians amongst you may complain that I have extracted his quote from its context … that the truths he held to be self-evident were that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these are life, liberty and the pursuit of ...
This article adopts an operational protocol for evaluating participation from Jürgen Habermass theory of communicative action. The research setting is citizen participation in a city governments policy-making process on smoking in public places. Participation as communicative action is evaluated by the extent to which citizens accept the validity of what policy makers say and by whether citizens feel that they can raise concerns about a proposed policy in unrestricted communication environments. Findings indicate that citizens feel participatory in a decision-making process if they recognize policy makers validity claims and perceive uncoerced speech conditions. Communicative action variables exercise significant predictability on a dependent variable indicating policy legitimacy. © 2010 International Communication Association ...
The scientific community is increasingly being called upon to provide evidence and advice to government policy-makers across a range of issues, from short-term
General - The Coating Line Operator position is a non-exempt, hourly position responsible for starting, stopping, cleaning and maintaining a Coating Machine while ensuring that good quality coated yarn is made.. Policy Making Responsibility - The Coating Line Operator will have no policy making responsibility.. Decision Making Responsibility - Routine decisions related to prioritization and product quality.. Supervisory Responsibility - There is no supervisory responsibility associated with this position.. Safety - Employees are responsible for individual compliance with all safety rules, regulations and policy procedures. Employee responsibilities include, but are not limited to:. ...
Our hypothesis is that synthetic information systems built by integrating relevant mathematical models can provide timely, comprehensive situational awareness a...
Enlightened as many others have been in recent years to the plethora of academic research and text re Landscapes, has more than any other element in land management, altered my procedure and understanding of my profession. There is an unfortunate axiom with all UK academic and scientific work in that both academics and scientists are…
Rights: This volume was digitized and made accessible online due to deterioration of the original print copy. If you are the author of this work and would like to have online access removed, please contact the Library Administration Office, 785-532-7400, [email protected] ...
Shahid Akhter, editor, spoke to Dr. Robert Schroering, Managing Director at Midwest Implant Institute, India, to know more about the trends ..
The main objective of this tender on ESPON 2020 data and map update II is to contract one or more service providers to collect data and metadata, build up time series and fill in existing data ...
The meteoric growth in digital technologies has undoubtedly been the defining element of the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries. The digital realm has redefined sundry aspects of our…
By John Cassid y. Janu Mitch McConnell is in a difficult situation after revelations from John Boltons forthcoming book contradicted Republican talking points in defense of the.
Find great deals for Health Promotion and the Policy Process by Oxford University Press (Paperback, 2013). Shop with confidence on eBay!
Qualifications: MSc, BSc Bio: Nabila has a professional background in social research, worked with urban working children and people who face difficulties to meet their basic needs. She has completed her Masters in Statistics in the Department of Statistics, Biostatistics and Informatics at University of Dhaka, Bangladesh. She is working on the research project- the relationship between psychoses and offending in New South Wales-A data linkage study: implications for mental health policy development.. ...
Available in: Paperback. The central role that bureaucracy plays in the policy process is played by individuals, namely, by subject matter experts and
Description. ESD.864 Modeling and Assessment for Policy explores how scientific information and quantitative models can be used to inform policy decision-making. Students will develop an understanding of quantitative modeling techniques and their role in the policy process through case studies and interactive activities. The course addresses issues such as analysis of scientific assessment processes, uses of integrated assessment models, public perception of quantitative information, methods for dealing with uncertainties, and design choices in building policy-relevant models. Examples used in this class focus on models and information used in earth system governance. ESD.864 Modeling and Assessment for Policy explores how scientific information and quantitative models can be used to inform policy decision-making. Students will develop an understanding of quantitative modeling techniques and their role in the policy process through case studies and interactive activities. The course addresses ...
Downloadable! The US federal system provides great potential for estimating the effects of policy on behavior. There are numerous empirical studies that exploit variation in policies over space and time. In pursuing this line of enquiry, the issue of policy endogeneity is central. If state policy making is purposeful action, responsive to economic and political conditions within the state, then it may be necessary to identify and control for the forces that lead policies to change if one wishes to obtain unbiased estimates of a policys incidence. The aim of this paper is to investigate how recognition of policy endogeneity affects attempts to analyze policy incidence. Throughout, we take a specific context -- workers compensation benefits. We contrast the use of differences-in-differences estimation, where a comparison is made between a group affected by the policy change and a control group, with instrumental variables estimation when political variables are used as instruments. Although conclusions
There are numerous ways to channel expert knowledge into policy-making processes. The US model for example includes a diverse set of knowledge providers, both private and public. European models, on the other hand, are more public oriented. The focus of EUREX has been the Nordic knowledge regimes and temporary commissions of inquiry in particular.. In Norway, we have mainly looked at the commissions that submit their reports as Norways public reports (the NOUs), Cathrine Holst explains. A major finding is the increase in the proportion of academics in the committees, both as members and as committee leaders.. While, in the 1970s and 80s, commissions mostly consisted of bureaucrats and representatives of interest organisations, we now see that an increasing share of committee members and chairs tend to be academic experts, says Holst. A study by her colleagues Christensen and PhD Stine Hesstvedt finds that the inclusion of academic experts in inquiry commissions has increased as much as ...
TY - CHAP. T1 - Cluster analysis in policy studies. AU - LI, Jinjing. PY - 2016. Y1 - 2016. UR - M3 - Chapter. SN - 9781447329374. SP - 217. EP - 236. BT - Evidence-Based Policy Making in the Social Sciences. A2 - Stoker, Gerry. A2 - Evans, Mark. PB - Policy Press. CY - Bristol, UK. ER - ...
The paper has described the experiences of district level actors in implementing the SDIP and illustrates a number of challenges they faced. In the discussion, we expand on the most important issues raised by respondents with reference to the wider literature on the implementation of health policy in developing countries.. The study had a number of limitations. First, while it was always our intention to follow a descriptive approach to studying implementation [16], methods grounded in health policy analysis theory may have been able to provide deeper insights by stating a set of hypotheses to test empirically [24]. There are analytical frameworks, for example, that integrate politics, process and power into the study of health policies [15]. Second, we focused on early implementation only, motivated by the need to provide timely findings in the evaluation of an ongoing programme. We recognise this provides an incomplete picture, a snapshot of implementation over what is, at a minimum, a ...
More than 20 policy experts from AIR will present at the 39th annual fall conference of the Association for Public Policy Analysis and Management (APPAM) taking place November 2-4 in Chicago, IL. APPAM is dedicated to improving public policy and management by fostering excellence in research, analysis and education. This years conference theme,
Title: The policy-making process of an emerging polity : a study of the making of a constitutional architecture for Europe Abstract: The European Unions constitution-making process has been characterized by a piecemeal approach to integration, which has given rise to a treaties-, rather than a constitution-based compound polity. In 1989-91, the end of the Cold War and subsequent dissolution of the Soviet Union prompted the EC leaders to expand the Communitys remit into policy areas beyond economic and monetary union. Eventually, the post-Maastricht era was characterized by an unprecedented string of EC/EU accession applications from across the continent; hence the maturation of what seemed to be a quasi-constitutional moment for Europe, during which European leaders seemed willing to tie the Unions constitutional loose ends that had accumulated over the previous fifty years of piecemeal constitution-making and disjointed incrementalism, into one simplified constitutional treaty text, ...
The WORLD Policy Analysis Center is a resource for data, maps, and analysis on policies affecting human health, development, well-being, and equity.
In 1992, at Rio de Janeiro, the international community achieved a conceptual breakthrough. No longer, it was hoped, would environmental issues be regarded as a luxury or afterthought. Rather, they would become a central part of the policy-making process, integrated with economic and social development. Developing countries would be helped to pursue a more environmentally sound path to modernization than that followed by the developed countries. The big picture. -- a positive vision of long-term growth, equity, justice and environmental protection -- seemed firmly in view.. ...
This course explores the foundations of policy making in developing countries. The goal is to spell out various policy options and to quantify the trade-offs between them. We will study the different facets of human development: education, health, gender, the family, land relations, risk, informal and formal norms and institutions. This is an empirical class. For each topic, we will study several concrete examples chosen from around the world. While studying each of these topics, we will ask: What determines the decisions of poor households in developing countries? What constraints are they subject to? Is there a scope for policy (by government, international organizations, or non-governmental organizations (NGOs))? What policies have been tried out? Have they been successful ...
Legislating against unfair trading practices in the agri-food sector would ultimately push up prices and cause farmers and consumers to lose out, writes Christian Verschueren.. Christian Verschueren is director-general of EuroCommerce, the European association of retailers and wholesalers.. After more than a decade of allegations about unfair trading practices hitting farmers incomes, there is still no proof to back them. The recent announcement by the European Commission that it is moving to the next step of drafting a legislative proposal to tackle such practices is therefore incompatible with evidence-based policy making.. The debate has long been fed by the misleading argument that retailers are the main source of farmers problems and that the solution lies in EU legislation. But this is based solely on assertion, and distracts from where policy could really help farmers flourish in the future. If the Commission cannot demonstrate that unfair trading practices pose a real problem for ...
The health policy decision-making processes in Spain are subject to influences by stakeholders that could indicate a degree of capture of policies and health agencies that is avoidable. Inappropriate influences were described at all levels of health administration and policy. Interviewees gave an account of how the private sector uses different strategies that range from subtle influences to overt corruption, taking advantage in many cases of loopholes in the legislation and the lack of sufficient administrative technical capacity. Stakeholders involved in the study expressed their concern at the increasing vulnerability of the government to external influences due to the progressive loss of technical and strategic capacity stemming from the strict cutbacks in human resources in the public sector.. We were already aware of the general strategies used by corporations to capture public health policy8; however, there is a scarcity of evidence-based facts. An exception we have found is the recent ...
Article Dynamics and control policies analysis of semi-active suspension systems using a full-car model. Several control policies of semi-active systems, namely skyhook, groundhook and hybrid controls, are presented. Their ride comfort, suspension di...
In water quality management, mathematical models are used to evaluate management alternatives, and to support the policy making process. Environmental models involve substantial uncertainty which can be very critical when striving to identify polluters, to direct the use of taxpayers dollars, and to determine management strategies that have considerable social and economic implications. This research project aims to address the urgent need for novel policy analysis tools that can effectively support environmental management by combining environmental modelling with Bayesian inference techniques. One of the most degraded Canadian freshwater ecosystems (Bay of Quinte) will be used as a case study. Some of the anticipated benefits from this research, such as the quantification of uncertainty in model predictions, alignment with the policy practice of adaptive management, and expression of model outputs as probability distributions will be useful for stakeholders and policy makers when making ...
You are here: Home / HPO Annual Conference 2018- Program / Resources / HP Competencies Toolkit / Are you a health promoter? / Policy Analysis - Descriptive Implications ...
Fischer G, Frohberg KK, Keyzer MA, & Parikh KS (1988). Linked National Models: A Tool for International Food Policy Analysis. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers. ISBN 90-247-3734-6 Full text not available from this repository ...

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  • Tennessee is celebrating 24 years of hosting the Partners in Policymaking Leadership Institute with our annual Partners Reunion open only to graduates of the program and the current Partners class on March 23-24, 2018 at the Cool Springs Marriott. (
  • The ORR's policy of requiring the director's approval before an unaccompanied minor can have an abortion was first laid out in a March 4, 2017, memo - a policy that was a sweeping departure from the George W. Bush and Obama administrations, which required the director's signoff only when federal funds were requested to pay for the procedure. (
  • Arnaldo has been part of the team implementing the Australia-Indonesia Partnership for Pro-Poor Policy: The Knowledge Sector Initiative from 2013 to 2017 when he led the learning and research work of the programme. (
  • This response addresses your January 3, 2017 request for a regulatory interpretation of whether synthetically created DNA sequences would be considered a select agent or toxin as defined by sections 3(c)(3) and 4 (c)(3) of the select agent regulations, which specifically states that "…select agents and toxins that have been genetically modified" are select agents and toxins. (
  • This year's Global Status Report provides an update on drivers of CO2 emissions and energy demand globally since 2017, along with examples of policies, technologies and investments that support low-carbon building stocks. (
  • It's a rare instance in which Trump is building on Obama administration policies, and where fractious Republicans and Democrats in Congress have come together. (
  • It's a rare instance in which Trump isn't trying to dismantle Obama administration policies, and where fractious Republicans and Democrats in Congress have come together. (
  • Trump declared last month that "we're making medically assisted treatment more available and affordable," even as Congress was working to approve $1 billion for a new treatment grant program for opioids as part of the massive government funding bill. (
  • AUSTIN, Texas - The Trump administration's policy of halting abortions among undocumented minors was established by email through an ad hoc process without formal legal vetting, according to new documents released Tuesday by the American Civil Liberties Union. (
  • Most of the Biden administration's health-related proposals in this order either build on policies implemented by the Trump administration or are consistent with Trump administration direction. (
  • The Biden administration should look to build on other Trump administration efforts that promoted health care competition, such as site-neutral payments in Medicare and short-term health insurance plans. (
  • Although there are differences in regulatory approaches, particularly in views on how much government policy is responsible for the problems in the health care sector, President Biden's executive order shows that his administration intends to tackle several of the same areas as the Trump administration. (
  • SACRAMENTO - The Trump administration may appear to control climate policy in Washington, but the nation's most dynamic environmental regulator is here in California. (
  • The Trump Administration's controversial zero tolerance immigration policy led to an increase in the number of migrant children who have been separated from their families at the southern U.S. border. (
  • U.S. border authorities are executing the Trump administration's zero tolerance policy towards undocumented immigrants. (
  • According to a December 2016 report by the Solar Foundation , the installation sector accounts for 57 percent of all solar-sector jobs, and manufacturing makes up less than 15 percent. (
  • Promoting evidence-based policies to improve health and well-being in America. (
  • Then Axelrod reminds everyone in the White House that the people with the richest health benefits in America (apart from the bankrupt automaker workers who actually make Cadillacs) are school teachers and firefighters. (
  • Successful application of science has played a large part in the policies that have made the United States of America the world's most powerful nation and its citizens increasingly prosperous and healthy. (
  • News Corp is a global, diversified media and information services company focused on creating and distributing authoritative and engaging content and other products and services. (
  • Decide the filtering profile you want for the UTM policy: Web Filtering, Antispam, Antivirus, or Content Filtering. (
  • For more information, see Creating Content Filtering Profiles . (
  • Below is all of the content on our site that has been tagged Policy-Consensus/Decision Making . (
  • The content throughout this website that originates with CDT can be freely copied and used as long as you make no substantive changes and clearly give us credit. (
  • The policy of archiving all content older than four months created a number of problems for this company. (
  • This situation prompted the organization to modify its archiving policy so that all messages older than six months would be automatically deleted, although all content is backed up daily to support regulatory audits. (
  • On February 22nd, NBC's "Meet the Press" presented reporter Richard Engel in a terrific four-minute documentary on Barack Obama's and Hillary Clinton's catastrophic policy-results in Libya . (
  • What is remarkable in Obama's Presidency, in all of its facets, including domestic policy (e.g., this ), is his successful operation of the United States Government for the benefit of this nation's aristocracy. (
  • President Obama's vaunted legislative record not only left entrepreneurs with the burden of bigger government, it also makes it impossible for them to accurately estimate the new burden. (
  • Uncertainty created by Obama's legislative 'successes' are comparable to the Depression and World War II? (
  • So that commissioner will come in on Monday morning and say to his or her Director General, "Find me the evidence that demonstrates that this is the case" Similar reasoning has been advanced in respect of public policy on alcohol and narcotics. (
  • Recognizing that public health, health care and health systems policy-makers need access to timely, independent and reliable health information for decision-making, WHO/Europe started HEN in 2003. (
  • For everyone to have the chance to live as healthy a life as possible, we need public policy that both helps maximize access to quality, affordable health care, and create communities that are healthier, more inclusive, and provide everyone the opportunity to thrive. (
  • We also support convenings to promote robust public policy discussions, comment on federal regulations, and the provision of technical assistance to state and local governments putting health policies into place. (
  • It also facilitates networking and the exchange of best practices in implementing EU, national, regional and local policies for public health. (
  • The ACLU, which is suing the administration over the policy , made public the December depositions of the director and the deputy director of the Office of Refugee Resettlement, the HHS office responsible for the care of undocumented minors who enter the country without their parents. (
  • Presenting new theoretical ideas and empirical cases, this book is aimed globally at scholars of political science, international relations, comparative public policy, and sociology. (
  • The public doesn't like the results of Biden's asylum policies. (
  • Relationships among industry and policy-makers are important regarding new vaccines and should operate cautiously depending on the political climate and the interest of the public. (
  • The federal government is adding another serious question to its social and financial policy competence by informing the public that it is proceeding with the promised evaluation of the New Income Management Program. (
  • The problem with evidence is that it relies on a public service which is based in Canberra and tells the state officers what evidence is required to support the policy positions preferred by the out of touch mandarins in Canberra. (
  • Now we have a situation where all of the public servants who could help are being forced out because they show everyone else up and question the stupid decisions made in Canberra. (
  • We will conclude with a description of how behavioral economics is used in public policy, as well as the interesting question of when a "nudge" becomes a shove. (
  • Cody said those activities were part of Nassar's outreach/public service responsibilities and similar actives for other doctors would now be covered under the new university policy. (
  • She has an undergraduate degree in urban and regional planning from Bandung Institute of Technology, a Master's in Public Policy and Administration from the Institute of Social Studies in the Netherlands and a Ph.D. in Coastal and Marine Resources Management from Bogor Agricultural University. (
  • The scientific community is increasingly being called upon to provide evidence and advice to government policy-makers across a range of issues, from short-term public health emergencies through to longer-term challenges, such as population ageing or climate change. (
  • At the heart of both reports is the idea that more coherent and settled strategy, with cross-government and external input, added to effective scrutiny from initial consultation through to post-implementation review, can combine to produce better tax policy and a better public understanding of the tax system. (
  • Abortion Law and Public Policy , pp. 83-94 (Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Martinus Nijhoff). (
  • Public Law and Public Policy , pp. 141-57 (New York: Praeger). (
  • SCHEINGOLD, S. A. (1974) The Politics of Rights: Lawyers, Public Policy, and Political Change (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press). (
  • TATALOVICH, Raymond and DAYNES, Byron W. (1981) The Politics of Abortion: A Study of Community Conflict in Public Policy Making (New York: Praeger). (
  • Making Policy Public: Vendor Power! (
  • Making Policy Public (MPP) is one of CUP's programs: a series of fold-out posters that use graphic design to explore and explain public policy. (
  • This series aims to make information on public policy truly public: accessible, meaningful, and shared. (
  • In doing so, she makes a strong case for further extending the kinds of collaboration that Making Policy Public embodies, and for establishing more peer-to-peer platforms - identified by advocates and communicated through good design - for information exchange between citizens. (
  • Stay tuned to the Omnibus for a process narrative of another Making Policy Public poster, Predatory Equity, coming up in a couple weeks. (
  • I'm a big fan of CUP and when they posted an open call to designers and advocacy groups to work together through their Making Policy Public Program, I happily applied. (
  • The case studies - covering countries from the United States, Canada, Germany and the UK to Russia, Togo and Vietnam - follow a uniform structure, combining theoretical considerations and the presentation of empirical material to reveal how the distinct cultural and institutional features of modern states continue to have implications for the making and implementation of public policy decisions within them. (
  • The book is essential reading for students and scholars of public policy, public administration, comparative politics and development studies. (
  • Students of comparative public policy have long struggled to find concepts that work across a wide range of countries. (
  • The concept of 'policy style' was very simple and not overly sophisticated, yet 'policy style' has become a generic term in comparative public policy. (
  • Taiwanese and Vietnamese medical professionals and public health officials pose for a group photograph on May 13, the first day of a Tuberculosis Control and Prevention Workshop in Taipei hosted by the Centers for Disease Control under the New Southbound Policy. (
  • made possible by rampant science illiteracy among the public, the rise of populist politics in many nations, and the proliferation of unverifiable information via the Internet and social media, exacerbated by mischievous actors such as Russia and the alt-right. (
  • I thought you might be interested in this item at Title: Reconceiving decision-making in democratic politics : attention, choice, and public policy Author: Bryan D Jones Publisher: Chicago Univ. (
  • Although scientific input to thegovernment is rarely the only factor in public policy decisions, this input should always be weighed from an objective and impartial perspective to avoid perilous consequences. (
  • Furthermore, in advocating policies that are not scientifically sound, the administration has sometimes misrepresented scientific knowledge and misled the public about the implications of its policies. (
  • The four attacks in Germany in the past week, three of them committed by refugees, have deeply unsettled the public and are causing a backlash against Chancellor Merkel's open-door migrant policy. (
  • Governments make thousands of policy decisions each year that affect the health and well-being of millions of Americans. (
  • She has worked for over 12 years on governance and governance reform, environmental policy reforms, development planning and programme management with multilateral and bilateral organisations, NGOs, governments and research institutions. (
  • Successive governments deserve credit for limited improvements to the tax policy process but these have not prevented the tax system from reaching unsustainable levels of complexity and leave a need for serious improvement. (
  • The report says governments need to ensure that carbon pricing is sufficient to achieve climate goals and that other policies are well-aligned with these goals. (
  • Policymaking for posterity involves current decisions with distant consequences. (
  • For example, how do decisions get made about what we can hear on the radio or limitations on ownership of mass media outlets? (
  • Current telecommunications policy decisions and controversies will be studied. (
  • At the end of a two-day meeting of the EU's 15 foreign ministers in Luxembourg yesterday, Britain agreed to curtail member states' scope to veto many foreign-policy decisions taken under the Union's system of qualified majority voting. (
  • Foreign Secretary Robin Cook told his colleagues Britain was dropping its long-time reservations to including in the new treaty a clause that would distinguish between decisions on general foreign-policy strategy -- which will still require consensus -- and those on the interpretation or implementation of the strategy, where no veto will now be permitted. (
  • Foreign-policy decisions will now mostly be made by weighted voting, but members will retain what EU officials in Brussels today called an 'emergency brake' that will allow them to block decisions on the basis of important and stated reasons of national policy. (
  • British officials said they were satisfied that London would retain an effective veto over foreign-policy questions and contended that the bulk of EU decisions would continue to be taken by consensus. (
  • Dans le domaine des decisions quant a la politique regionale, la fixation des points de reference est devenue de plus en plus populaire. (
  • Though ORR is a relatively obscure corner of the sprawling agency, the new documents shed light on the broader improvised nature of how the administration sets policy - and raise questions about whether decisions violated existing state law and federal policy, according to depositions and emails released by the ACLU and conversations with former administration staffers. (
  • In his December deposition, Lloyd said that the department had yet to formalize the procedures laid out in the email nine months earlier, and that decisions about abortions were still happening on "a case-by-case basis" with ORR staffers looking at the circumstances of the case and making a decision based on the "best interest" of the minor. (
  • Cooperative decision-making Decisions are made on a consensus basis. (
  • Better decisions are made when we draw on. (
  • Decisions are made by those in attendance at General Meetings. (
  • Ready to make data-driven health policy decisions? (
  • Before considering any specific examples, we will present a summary of the policy debate around data-driven decisions to give context to the examples raised. (
  • He holds a Ph.D. in Education and Development from the University of Tampere (Finland), and has been working for about 15 years on governance reforms and on systems and processes to support the production, demand and use of evidence to inform policy decisions in Cambodia, Vietnam, the Philippines, Thailand, and Indonesia. (
  • When making economic decisions, people are often aware that they do not know the optimal thing to do. (
  • In this case there would be no optimal way to make decisions, but there are reasonable ways with well-understood welfare properties. (
  • Science helps inform policy decisions by providing information on the benefits and drawbacks of a technology or a product of that technology. (
  • Individual portfolio management teams may hold different views and may make different investment decisions for different clients. (
  • The Environmental Performance Review programme of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) provides independent assessments of countries' progress in achieving their domestic and international environmental policy commitments, together with policy-relevant recommendations. (
  • In an announcement this morning, the environmental policy think tank Climate Leadership Council released the names of over 3,300 signatories endorsing its carbon tax plan. (
  • The authors provide a subtle statistical analysis of a key environmental policy issue. (
  • A variety of readings are assigned that explain how the various policymakers function and to provide background about current telecommunications policy issues. (
  • In the nation's capital and at the state and local level, we use our knowledge and the expertise of our partners to provide policymakers and other stakeholders with analysis, evidence, and potential policy approaches that reach across the political spectrum. (
  • To help address the needs of busy policymakers, congressional staffers and administration officials, we support translation of nonpartisan research and evidence into health policy briefs that strive to explain key policy issues in a concise, easily digestible format. (
  • What our policymakers and health leaders need are stronger insights that allow for evidence-based decision making. (
  • Mounting data volumes and complexity make it difficult for policymakers to harness the desired insight. (
  • Featuring contributions from academics, policy researchers, policymakers and development practitioners, the volume will deepen readers' understanding of how knowledge and politics shape the policymaking process in Indonesia. (
  • As such, it will be of interest to Indonesian and international researchers, academics, students, practitioners and policymakers concerned with various aspects of evidence-informed policymaking research and processes. (
  • On prescription drugs, policymakers should deal with facts, particularly that over the past several years drug price inflation has been nearly flat and significantly below overall inflation-rather that building a false narrative to sell a policy agenda. (
  • Please note that all such forms and policies should be reviewed by your legal counsel for compliance with applicable law, and should be modified to suit your organization's culture, industry, and practices. (
  • This speaks to a company's climate, which can be shaped by its policies and practices, Phillips said. (
  • This policy will outline the state and local regulatory requirements designed to provide good fire prevention practices as well as maintaining safe egress (exit) routes. (
  • The Policy Injection Application Block, part of Enterprise Library 3.0 from Microsoft's patterns & practices group, provides powerful yet easy-to-use techniques for applying policies to objects within your applications. (
  • With Harris burnishing her foreign-policy credentials, Health and Human Services secretary Xavier Becerra has been left to coordinate the administration's efforts. (
  • The OECD Directorate for Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) develops evidence-based policy advice on the contribution of science, technology and industry to well-being and economic growth. (
  • Releasing the report Climate and carbon: Aligning prices and policies during a Lecture organised jointly with the London School of Economics, OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría said that a transformation of the global energy system is needed if countries hope to limit climate change to a 2ºC temperature increase from pre-industrial levels, as agreed by the global community. (
  • This approach has been critical to our work in major policy areas such as tobacco control and health coverage , and helping to expand awareness of non-clinical issues such as health equity and the social determinants of health . (
  • Many of these risks are outside the control of the health sector, so a health-in-all-policies [HiAP] approach is essential," said Ms Zsuzsanna Jakab, WHO Regional Director for Europe, during her keynote address. (
  • Ms Jakab called on the Open Health Forum's participants to continue promoting health in all policies, gathering evidence of the effectiveness of the HiAP approach and developing practical tools for its implementation. (
  • By looking at a few case studies and drawing out the prevailing policy principle, we can draw conclusions about how to critically approach the existing web of automated decision-making. (
  • CARTER, L. H. (1977) 'When Courts Should Make Policy: An Institutional Approach', in J. A. Gardiner (ed. (
  • This document highlights the key themes found from submissions on the 2020 Building for Climate Change Frameworks consultation. (
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  • Policy-based evidence making" is a pejorative term which refers to the commissioning of research in order to support a policy which has already been decided upon. (
  • It is the converse of evidence-based policy making. (
  • As the name suggests, policy-based evidence making means working back from a predefined policy to produce underpinning evidence. (
  • however, it should be distinguished from research into the effects of a policy where such research may provide either supporting or opposing evidence. (
  • In July 2006, Rebecca Boden and Debbie Epstein published a paper in which they wrote: This need [for evidence] has been reified in the UK and elsewhere, as routines of "evidence-based policy"-making have been hardwired into the business of Government. (
  • The term "policy-based evidence making" was later referred to in a report of the United Kingdom House of Commons Select Committee on Science and Technology into Scientific Advice, Risk and Evidence Based Policy Making issued in October 2006. (
  • The committee stated: [Ministers] should certainly not seek selectively to pick pieces of evidence which support an already agreed policy, or even commission research in order to produce a justification for policy: so-called "policy-based evidence making" (see paragraphs 95-6). (
  • When does evidence-based policy turn into policy-based evidence? (
  • Evidence & Policy: A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice. (
  • The politics of evidence : from evidence-based policy to the good governance of evidence. (
  • Evidence to inform policy-makers can be sought in different ways, depending on several factors, including: the timeframe in which the researcher has to operate (how quickly a policy-maker requires a response), the resources available and the type of evidence required (for example, global or local). (
  • The nature of the query or policy-maker's request dictates the type of evidence and how it is made available. (
  • It acts as a platform, providing evidence in multiple formats to help decision-making. (
  • Linking research to action with the best available evidence The Evidence-informed Policy Network (EVIPNet) is a WHO initiative that promotes the systematic use of health research evidence in policy-making. (
  • The vision of EHII is an integrated, harmonized health information system for the entire European Region with evidence for policy-makers. (
  • To build a Culture of Health, we must harness the power of evidence-based policy to achieve lasting change. (
  • Whatever happened to evidence-based policy making? (
  • The problem is that by saying your policy is "Evidence Based", in this scrutiny free society, it immediately gives an impervious sheen to your claim. (
  • SAS offers industry-leading software to integrate your data, generate insights and share compelling visualizations for evidence-based decision making across the health care spectrum. (
  • Innovative HHS agencies are overcoming these challenges and achieving evidence-based policymaking through the use of enterprise analytics platforms. (
  • This edited volume examines key questions about evidence-informed policymaking in Indonesia. (
  • It draws on insights and evidence acquired through the implementation of the Knowledge Sector Initiative, a donor-funded programme that aims to increase the demand for and use of evidence in policymaking in Indonesia. (
  • He has published extensively on the use of evidence in policymaking with the Overseas Development Institute, in addition to academic articles, book chapters, blog posts and opinion pieces. (
  • He is an Associate Editor with the journal Evidence & Policy. (
  • She manages the programme's work on the enabling environment, which, through multi-stakeholder working groups, focuses on strengthening evidence-informed policymaking through legislative and regulatory reforms in the Indonesian knowledge sector. (
  • Although economic agents should discern signals from noise when drawing from experience, recent evidence suggests decision-making can be based on both noise and signal components. (
  • In addition, the new decision-making procedure agreed on in Luxembourg will not apply to questions with military or defense implications, which remain subject to consensual votes. (
  • Dutch Foreign Minister Hans van Mierlo, who drafted the proposed new treaty, saw it otherwise: 'All that is left to do is make the final refinements (on foreign-policy decision-making),' van Mierlo told reporters. (
  • Far more research is needed on the process of interdependent decision-making in the world polity. (
  • Distancing itself from approaches that conceive narrowly of policy transfer as a "one-way street" from powerful nations to weaker ones, this book argues instead for an understanding of national decision-making processes that emphasize cross-national comparisons and domestic field battles around the introduction of worldwide models. (
  • Interdependent Decision-Making in Practice: Justification of New Legislation in Six Countries by Pertti Alasuutari 3. (
  • Searching for Policy-Consensus/Decision Making in the Cohousing-L email archives. (
  • Definitions vote is used in The Cooperative Association Act to indicate a decision making process, or the act of individuals participating in that process. (
  • Consensus All membership meetings shall operate using a consensus decision making process, except, upon a vote of 75% of the voting interests present at the meeting to break consensus, decision may be made by an affirmative vote of 75% of the voting interests of the Association. (
  • DECISION-MAKING AT CREEKSIDE The organizational structure that has been designed assumes that we are using the following decision-making process. (
  • We include them here for review: 1) Teams use the Decision-Making Criteria Questions: 1. (
  • Decision making guidelines. (
  • CONSENSUS DECISION MAKING Consensus is different from most other kinds of decision making because it stresses group members working together to co-operatively develop a decision. (
  • The highest decision-making power in our community is the General Meeting. (
  • The gap is not being closed but continuing to open because of remote and dictatorial decision making and a failure to support those on the ground who really want to close the gap but leave in despair. (
  • Allowing EPA's data to be independently reviewed promotes sound science that will restore confidence in the EPA decision-making process," said Smith. (
  • Better explanation and discussion of the full range of scientific uncertainties is recommended to assist robust decision-making. (
  • In medical treatment, it is assumed that adherence to clinical practice guidelines is always preferable to decentralised clinical decision-making, yet there is no welfare analysis that supports this belief. (
  • This column argues that it would be better to treat clinical judgement as a problem of decision-making under uncertainty. (
  • Regret can shape preferences and thus is an important part of the decision-making process. (
  • The Forum is a mechanism through which the European Commission gathers feedback from stakeholders on the implementation of the EU health policy and identifies needs for new policy initiatives at the EU level. (
  • Examining the degree to which pharmaceutical companies play a role in policy-making regarding state immunizations, this article discusses key stakeholders' opinions about the appropriateness of this behavior, and how it affects relationships between the industry and policy outcomes. (
  • The biggest change in decades" was incorporating a new media team into the White House proper, which required the cooperation of multiple stakeholders in the legal, IT, cybersecurity and policy realms. (
  • Enabling businesses to plan ahead with greater certainty about future tax policy should encourage investment and help counteract some of the uncertainty generated by the Brexit process. (
  • But a growing number of nonunionized businesses, like Wilson Sonsini, are using performance as the justification to make big cuts in staff. (
  • But deploying this data to create insights has historically been a challenge for health agencies. (
  • By aggregating and managing data, applying sophisticated analytics and making those analytical insights easily consumable through visualization, health policy leaders and their IT groups are unlocking transformational insights that can improve health outcomes within a single generation. (
  • Then we will analyze three case studies from diverse industries to determine what policy interventions might be applied more broadly to encourage positive outcomes and prevent the risk of discrimination. (
  • Thinking about spending-like tax reliefs alongside grants, subsidies and other measures administered by spending departments would be an aid to judging the most effective way to achieve the policy outcomes being sought by government, which might be tax, spending, regulation or some combination of these. (
  • Expertise, in this way, necessarily involves the ability to make causal inferences (drawn, say, from the pattern of ripples on the surface of a river) that guide understanding and action to achieve better outcomes than could be accomplished without such guidance. (
  • Trivedi and colleagues opted not to evaluate the states based on disparities in health outcomes "but rather on more proximate measures of effort, leadership, capacity, and infrastructure that would be sensitive to direct policy interventions. (
  • In addition to Intel, a number of global heavyweights in the chip industry, including the world's No. 1 contract chipmaker, Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing (TSMC), are developing 3D IC technology to produce smaller chips. (
  • Lloyd also said that he spoke with White House staff about the abortion policy, but not with the HHS secretary, which was Tom Price for most of that period. (
  • This analysis compares the development of abortion policy in England, France, Ireland, Italy, the United States and West Germany. (
  • Some of the policy is being directed through emails, memos or conversation rather than what's considered to be the normal policy process," said Bob Carey, former ORR director during the Obama administration. (
  • Using a nonrandom selection of six states and interviews with 73 key informants, this article specifically took the case of Gardasil, the first vaccine approved for human papillomavirus and the position that Merck & Co., Inc. had in the immunization policy-making process. (
  • Ideas in the report for improving the tax policy-making process push in the same direction as recommendations in last year's Better Budgets report, published by CIOT, the Institute for Fiscal Studies and the Institute for Government. (
  • While most chambers give control over the agenda to the majority party or majority party leaders, other have adopted procedures that decentralize control over the agenda, empowering collaboration and the inclusion of both parties in the policymaking process. (
  • Policy-development process -- Module 5. (
  • There are various motivations-quest for power, greater control over the policy-making process and the prospect of financial rewards. (
  • The process of creating a new handler is simple, and you can easily create a new handler attribute for it so that developers can add the handler to methods and properties at design-time as well as through configuration. (
  • It is suggested that while benchmarking exercises are informing policy adaptation and innovation, they have been constrained by political and financial factors. (
  • STI Policy Papers cover a broad range of topics, including industry and globalisation, innovation and entrepreneurship, scientific R&D and emerging technologies. (
  • Among the measures analysed are policy instruments that price every tonne of CO2 emitted, and other policies that put an implicit price on emissions and cost-effectively spur innovation. (
  • Make sure the next economic downturn results in an innovation upturn for your business, follow these 12 steps. (
  • So as a best practice, she said, businesses should include sexual orientation, gender identity and gender expression in their anti-harassment policies and harassment-prevention training. (
  • The CIOT draws on our members' experience in private practice, commerce and industry, government and academia to improve tax administration and propose and explain how tax policy objectives can most effectively be achieved. (
  • Partners in developing health policy in the WHO European Region are discussing how to add health to other policy agendas at the European Union (EU) Open Health Forum in Brussels, Belgium today. (
  • In "Creating a State Minority Health Policy Report Card ," Amal N. Trivedi, M.D., M.P.H., of Harvard Medical School, and colleagues report on these results and others. (
  • As Andy Slavitt, MBA, acting administrator of CMS, comes to the end of his tenure, he spoke with Mandi Bishop, MA, CEO of Aloha Health, about the task of making health policy translatable and the legacy of payment reform he leaves behind. (
  • The Virginia Board for People with Disabilities is now accepting applications for the next session of Partners in Policymaking . (
  • Many government laws, regulations, guidance, requirements and policies, at both the federal and state level, have reduced incentives for price- and non-price competition, increased barriers to entry, promoted and allowed excessive consolidation, and resulted in healthcare markets that lack the benefits of vigorous competition. (
  • Guidance for policy-makers on five environmental issues associated with the Baltic Sea was analysed. (
  • This review is the first in a series of documents published by the World Economic Forum to offer holistic guidance on AV policy. (
  • OK, so maybe this isn't a fully "real-world" scenario, but it will give you useful guidance in how to make policy injection work for you. (
  • Policies on the website come from two places: The collection of Useful Documents done by Laura Fitch and others in December of 2011, and the Cohousing / Intentional Community policy database created and is maintained by Daniel Lindenberger. (
  • Intuitively, basing policies that affect people's lives and the economy on rigorous academic research sounds rational and desirable. (
  • Click HERE to go to the Leaders for Manufacturing Research Group 5 Home Page. (
  • The project makes recommendations for future research in the area of health economics. (
  • View key toolkits, policies, research and more on HR topics that matter to you. (
  • Healthy Eating Research (HER) is an RWJF program that supports research on policy, systems, and environmental (PSE) strategies that have strong potential to promote healthy eating among children, especially those at risk for poor nutrition. (
  • The aim of Making Research Count is to promote communication and knowledge sharing between academics and social care professionals to enable front line staff to benefit from the latest research and development. (
  • Please see our Making Research Count pages for more information. (
  • Arnaldo Pellini is a Senior Research Fellow of the Research and Policy in Development team at the Overseas Development Institute in London. (
  • After launching the One Country, One Center program, the ministry commissioned the Chung-Hua Institution for Economic Research (中華經濟研究院) and other think tanks to establish the Health and Welfare New Southbound Policy Project Office to assist in coordinating efforts. (
  • The Department of Health Research and Policy (HRP) has as its focus cutting edge medical advances in epidemiology and health services research. (
  • Gifts to the Department of Health Research and Policy may be designated as either expendable or endowed. (
  • By including Stanford University School of Medicine, and in particular its Department of Health Research and Policy, in your financial planning, you provide a gift that will live on, and will benefit current and future generations. (
  • For more information on giving to the Department of Health Research and Policy, please contact its Chair, Professor Laurence Baker. (
  • So that we can continue to bring you the latest in policy and research, please donate to APO . (
  • This research examines the incidence of energy hardship for Australian low income renters, and considered strategies and policy actions. (
  • Prague, 4 June 1997 (RFE/RL) -- A concession by Britain's new Labor Government has allowed the European Union to make an important -- but still only partial -- breakthrough in its efforts to reach consensus on basic institutional reforms before a critical summit meeting in 12 days. (
  • His background is in economic development with a specialisation in education policy reforms in Southeast Asia. (
  • Now as we work to implement broad reforms, we call upon the president and Congress to create conditions conducive to a thriving scientific enterprise that will serve our democracy with integrity and bring the full fruits of science to all Americans and to the world. (
  • To ease confusion and provide clarity, businesses should consider adopting the most inclusive policies, employment law attorneys said. (
  • Recently, I gave a keynote speech at the Mackinac Policy Conference on how to create inclusive economies in a disruptive era. (
  • TPP has been called a "21st Century Agreement," but it will be anything but fresh if it makes crucial medicines even scarcer throughout the developing nations of the world. (
  • The World Green Building Council has released this strategy to tackle the climate emergency, health and wellbeing, and resource efficiency issues in the built environment. (
  • Executive orders are generally developed in collaboration with the federal departments that will oversee those policy changes. (
  • The report's case studies illustrate the importance of building relationships between legislators of opposing parties that are characterized by civility and trust, as a prerequisite to engaging in bipartisan collaboration. (
  • Legislators often identify social interaction between Republicans and Democrats as an effective way to build the sort of relationships on which collaboration can be built, outside of the pressure and antagonism that often typify their professional relations. (
  • The report's suggestion that select committees, including those not traditionally looking at tax policy, could take on a greater tax scrutiny role, also has a lot of potential. (
  • 2. Policy Styles in the United Kingdom: A Majoritarian UK vs. Devolved Consensus Democracies? (
  • Thousands of Partners graduates are part of a growing national and international network of community leaders serving on policy making committees, commissions, boards, and in elected office at all levels of government. (
  • You cannot claim that someone that age made lifestyle choices," said Ugandan lawyer Barney Afako, an expert on transitional justice who previously participated in talks between the LRA and the Ugandan government. (
  • Through an investment vehicle, the government will also have equity participation in entities that manufacture such products for the next three years. (
  • While he broke no new ground, Li made clear that his government remains highly agitated about a recent statement by Taiwanese President Lee Teng-hui that future relations between the mainland and the island should be conducted on a "state-to-state" basis. (
  • Executive orders do not, by themselves, change government policy. (
  • This report is a welcome contribution to the debate on the future of UK tax policy, and deserves careful consideration by government. (
  • 1 The next UK government therefore needs to make health central to all its policies. (
  • The new government must think beyond its term of office and implement policies through which the UK grows the wellbeing of future generations. (
  • With international negotiations getting under way for a new climate agreement in 2015, every government needs to review its policy settings and rigorously assess if their overall impact helps climate action or hinders it. (
  • In an age of widening partisanship and plummeting trust in government, this outpouring of philanthropy has produced a distinct breed of philanthropist: The policy-making billionaire. (
  • it is, in fact, an official policy goal of the U.S. government. (
  • County leaders are continually seeking data to inform policymaking to improve health in their county. (
  • In other words, the overconfidence of the executive shows up in the company's policies. (
  • accessing high quality community living arrangements Through the combination of both on-site training and a vast array of internet-based training resources, Partners in Policymaking is intended to assist people with disabilities to know their rights, to know what to expect in terms of high quality services and supports, and to know how to obtain such services and supports within their local communities. (
  • Digital technology has empowered new voices, made the world more accessible, and increased the speed of almost every decision we make as businesses, communities, and individuals. (
  • As the coronavirus incites fear and anxiety across the nation, major companies such as Google, Apple and Microsoft are making headlines for encouraging employees to work from home due to concerns about the virus spreading. (
  • With the number of coronavirus cases on the rise, it's wise for businesses of all sizes to consider creating an emergency work-from-home policy to ensure that workers can still get their jobs done if telecommuting becomes the safest option. (
  • After building a foundation that we could use to launch a Facebook presence and @WhiteHouse Twitter account, we could use the same policies for Robert Gibbs , Bill Burton and Macon Phillips ," explained Croft. (
  • In essence, they represent a directive from the president to his subordinates in the executive branch to implement the policies outlined in the order. (
  • This interactive, facilitated discussion will explore how counties can find relevant data sources to identify issues and examine health indicators, prioritize county needs and implement targeted and effective health policies. (
  • compiled by Claire Auplat, a professor at the Novancia Business School, Paris, France, outlines the different frameworks policy makers have developed. (
  • By engaging with industry partners, regulators, academia and civil society, the Safe Drive Initiative proposes a broad and actionable framework to enable policy-makers to create a graduated series of milestones. (
  • However, according to Carlton Carroll, the council's vice president of communications, U.S. President Donald Trump's history of climate change denial and regulation rollback makes it unlikely that serious political action will happen until after the next general election. (
  • This report makes the case that the nature of the recession predicted over the coming years necessitates fiscal stimulus measures to restart and redirect the UK economy. (
  • Further, some critics say green policies are a drag on the economy, leaving blue-collar workers behind. (
  • Contrast that rate with the jobs created by a low-carbon economy. (
  • The new policy implementation contrasts with MSU's actions in 2014, when a woman who had recently graduated from the university told the MSU officials that Nassar sexually assaulted her during a medical appointment . (
  • Use the Unified Threat Management (UTM) policy page to configure UTM policies. (
  • You can configure multiple profiles by launching the respective wizards from the UTM policy wizard. (
  • Using custom policy injection, you can configure and apply policies exactly the way you want but doing it right requires a little effort. (
  • He said that he had not reviewed abortion policies of other agencies responsible for immigrants. (
  • This paper analyses the concept of regional benchmarking and its links with regional policy-making processes. (
  • The results demonstrate, from a new angle, the dynamics of housing affordability in Australia during the recent decade which leads to policy implications different to polices currently in use. (
  • 5 6 Decades of science on inequalities in health require policies to reduce inequalities in income, improve early childhood development, and reduce other social, educational, and environmental disadvantages. (
  • In other words, the net income created per job has remained relatively flat in recent years, making it difficult for firms to raise wages or invest in training for their workers. (
  • The project aims to leverage Taiwan's soft power in healthcare and form stronger ties with New Southbound Policy partners by expanding bilateral and regional collaborations, including offering professional training programs, promoting pharmaceutical and health-related industrial supply chains, building a regional disease prevention network, and working toward regulatory harmonization and standardized inspection techniques. (
  • Improving people's health by enhancing the information that underpins policy The European Health Information Initiative (EHII) is a multimember WHO network that is committed to improving the health of the people of the European Region by enhancing the information on which policy is based. (
  • Create a 360-degree, whole-person view of each member to identify high-risk populations and target interventions where they are needed most. (
  • Behind the scenes, more than 50 Yale members of the student organization Students for Carbon Dividends, also known as S4CD, worked to create a database of every academic economist in the country in hopes of expanding the organization's reach. (
  • Policy Studies Organization Series. (
  • The organization has 700+ vendor members who collectively work together to make their voices heard. (
  • Policy guru Charles Cresson Wood offers tips for creating a culture of compliance within your organization. (
  • Privacy policies are critical to GDPR compliance efforts, as this statement or notice explains how an organization handles personal data. (
  • Jeevan Prakash Sharma 2019-05-17T20:30:48+05:30 Power, Policy Making Or Paisa: Why Are Bureaucrats Joining Politics? (
  • But what actually happens at the national level-where policies are ultimately made and implemented-when policy-making is interdependent worldwide? (
  • While subsidies for consumers are often put in place for social reasons, they are usually poorly targeted, expensive and ultimately undermine climate policy action as well. (
  • Autonomous vehicles (AV) have revealed a governance gap, as policy-makers struggle to understand and keep pace with the emerging technology field. (
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