A polychlorinated compound used for controlling a variety of insects. It is practically water-insoluble, but readily adheres to clay particles and persists in soil and water for several years. Its mode of action involves repetitive nerve-discharges positively correlated to increase in temperature. This compound is extremely toxic to most fish. (From Comp Biochem Physiol (C) 1993 Jul;105(3):347-61)
Hydrocarbon compounds with one or more of the hydrogens replaced by CHLORINE.
Pesticides designed to control insects that are harmful to man. The insects may be directly harmful, as those acting as disease vectors, or indirectly harmful, as destroyers of crops, food products, or textile fabrics.
An insecticide synergist, especially for pyrethroids and ROTENONE.
Carbon-containing thiophosphoric acid derivatives. Included under this heading are compounds that have carbon bound to either SULFUR atom, or the OXYGEN atom of the SPO3 core structure.
An organothiophosphorus cholinesterase inhibitor. It has been used as an acaricide and as an insecticide.
An organophosphate insecticide that inhibits monoamine oxidase and acetylcholinesterase. It has been shown to be genotoxic.
Chemicals used to destroy pests of any sort. The concept includes fungicides (FUNGICIDES, INDUSTRIAL); INSECTICIDES; RODENTICIDES; etc.
Insecticide, molluscacide, acaricide.
An organochlorine insecticide whose use has been cancelled or suspended in the United States. It has been used to control locusts, tropical disease vectors, in termite control by direct soil injection, and non-food seed and plant treatment. (From HSDB)
An organophosphate cholinesterase inhibitor that is used as an insecticide.
Medical procedure involving the emptying of contents in the stomach through the use of a tube inserted through the nose or mouth. It is performed to remove poisons or relieve pressure due to intestinal blockages or during surgery.
Physical activity of the FETUS in utero. Gross or fine fetal body movement can be monitored by the mother, PALPATION, or ULTRASONOGRAPHY.
A syrup made from the dried rhizomes of two different species, CEPHAELIS ipecacuanha and C. acuminata. They contain EMETINE, cephaeline, psychotrine and other ISOQUINOLINES. Ipecac syrup is used widely as an emetic acting both locally on the gastric mucosa and centrally on the chemoreceptor trigger zone.
A procedure involving placement of a tube into the trachea through the mouth or nose in order to provide a patient with oxygen and anesthesia.
Systematic and thorough inspection of the patient for physical signs of disease or abnormality.
A transient increase in the number of leukocytes in a body fluid.
An isoenzyme of creatine kinase found in the CARDIAC MUSCLE.
The sequence of transfers of matter and energy from organism to organism in the form of FOOD. Food chains intertwine locally into a food web because most organisms consume more than one type of animal or plant. PLANTS, which convert SOLAR ENERGY to food by PHOTOSYNTHESIS, are the primary food source. In a predator chain, a plant-eating animal is eaten by a larger animal. In a parasite chain, a smaller organism consumes part of a larger host and may itself be parasitized by smaller organisms. In a saprophytic chain, microorganisms live on dead organic matter.
A process whereby representatives of a particular interest group attempt to influence governmental decision makers to accept the policy desires of the lobbying organization.
The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.
The act of evacuating BREAST MILK by hand or with a pump.
Pesticides or their breakdown products remaining in the environment following their normal use or accidental contamination.
Presentations of summary statements representing the majority agreement of physicians, scientists, and other professionals convening for the purpose of reaching a consensus--often with findings and recommendations--on a subject of interest. The Conference, consisting of participants representing the scientific and lay viewpoints, is a significant means of evaluating current medical thought and reflects the latest advances in research for the respective field being addressed.
Using an INTERNET based personal journal which may consist of reflections, comments, and often hyperlinks.
Loss of the ability to maintain awareness of self and environment combined with markedly reduced responsiveness to environmental stimuli. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp344-5)
An autosomal dominant degenerative muscle disease characterized by slowly progressive weakness of the muscles of the face, upper-arm, and shoulder girdle. The onset of symptoms usually occurs in the first or second decade of life. Affected individuals usually present with impairment of upper extremity elevation. This tends to be followed by facial weakness, primarily involving the orbicularis oris and orbicularis oculi muscles. (Neuromuscul Disord 1997;7(1):55-62; Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1420)
A heterogeneous group of inherited MYOPATHIES, characterized by wasting and weakness of the SKELETAL MUSCLE. They are categorized by the sites of MUSCLE WEAKNESS; AGE OF ONSET; and INHERITANCE PATTERNS.
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
An X-linked recessive muscle disease caused by an inability to synthesize DYSTROPHIN, which is involved with maintaining the integrity of the sarcolemma. Muscle fibers undergo a process that features degeneration and regeneration. Clinical manifestations include proximal weakness in the first few years of life, pseudohypertrophy, cardiomyopathy (see MYOCARDIAL DISEASES), and an increased incidence of impaired mentation. Becker muscular dystrophy is a closely related condition featuring a later onset of disease (usually adolescence) and a slowly progressive course. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1415)
A specific pair of GROUP B CHROMOSOMES of the human chromosome classification.
"Selective involvement of basal ganglia and occipital cortex in a patient with acute endosulfan poisoning". Journal of the ... Description of MRI and other features of acute endosulphan poisoning and its similarities with the MRI features of Huntington's ...
Suicide by poisoning, also called self-poisoning, is usually classed as a drug overdose when drugs such as painkillers or ... both suicide by pesticide and total suicides declined after first toxicity class I and later class II endosulfan were banned. ... In the US, pesticide poisoning is used in about 12 suicides per year. Poisoning by farm chemicals is very common among women in ... "Poisoning drugs". Forums.yellowworld.org. Archived from the original on 26 November 2011. Retrieved 15 January 2012. "Poisoning ...
Greenpeace India describes the lower Periyar as "a cesspool of toxins, which have alarming levels of deadly poisons like DDT, ... endosulfan, hexa and trivalent chromium, lead, cyanide, BHC". Several studies have pointed out that the riverbed has deposits ...
... www.deccanherald.com/content/158016/endosulfan-poisoning.html http://shivallibrahmins.com/tulunaadu-temples/belthangadi-taluk/ ...
... is alleged to be responsible for many fatal pesticide poisoning incidents around the world by NGOs opposing ... The compound breaks down into endosulfan sulfate, endosulfan diol, and endosulfan furan, all of which have structures similar ... Information about endosulfan from Protect Endosufan Network. State of endosulfan, Down To Earth Interim report on endosulfan ... Endosulfan is widely used in most of the plantation crops in India. The toxicity of endosulfan and health issues due to its ...
May 5th 2011 End of the Road for Endosulfan What's Your Poison? Archived 2011-06-28 at the Wayback Machine "Archived copy". ... endosulfan is persistent in the environment, where it is harmful to mammals, fish, bees, birds and other wildlife. Endosulfan ... End of the Road for Endosulfan 2009 Archived 2009-10-11 at the Wayback Machine Celebrity support to end the road for endosulfan ... Endosulfan is readily absorbed by humans via the stomach, lungs and skin where it can cause hormone disruption as well as being ...
The non-approved use of endosulfan on cattle in 2007 had led to the prosecution of a farmer and the suspension of beef exports ... and pollution of drinking water reservoirs with 1080 baits and poisoned animals. Manufacture of 2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic ... The Green Party surveyed the 85 councils in New Zealand and discovered that 18 of them had used endosulfan on sports grounds in ... In June 2008 ERMA called for public submissions on the use of endosulfan after tighter controls had been placed on the ...
Poisoning may affect the liver, kidneys or the central nervous system. Very severe cases may result in convulsions, coma, or ... eight weeks of pregnancy who live near farm fields sprayed with dicofol and the related organochloride pesticide endosulfan are ... Dicofol is a nerve poison. The exact mode of action is not known, although in mammals it causes hyperstimulation of nerve ... 9 animal and 31 other poisoning incidents for a total of 131 incidents involving dicofol from 571 phone calls made to the ...
Also, lactic acid concentrations increase as tissues are switching to anaerobic metabolism which poisons the mitochondria. ... Endrin and Endosulfan; and a rodenticide, Strychnine. The duration of the exposure depended on the experiment, but the range ...
Endosulfan[73] Thiodan Chlorinated cyclodiene 8 hours banned in European Union (2007?), New Zealand (2009) moderately toxic ... Mayer, D.F., Johansen, C.A. & Baird, C.R.; How to Reduce Bee Poisoning from Pesticides, PNW518, A Pacific Northwest Extension ... Bees poisoned with carbaryl can take 2-3 days to die, appearing inactive as if cold. Sevin should never be sprayed on flowering ... Other bees at the hives exhibited tremors and uncoordinated movement and convulsions, all signs of insecticide poisoning.[76] ...
Lin, P. C.; Lin, H. J.; Liao, Y. Y.; Guo, H. R.; Chen, K. T. (2013). "Acute poisoning with neonicotinoid insecticides: A case ... Exposing tadpoles to the organochloride endosulfan at levels likely to be found in habitats near fields sprayed with the ... Toughill K (1999), The summer the rivers died: Toxic runoff from potato farms is poisoning P.E.I. Archived January 18, 2008, at ... Animals including humans may be poisoned by pesticide residues that remain on food, for example when wild animals enter sprayed ...
Toughill K (1999), "The summer the rivers died: Toxic runoff from potato farms is poisoning P.E.I." Originally published in ... A 1998 laboratory study conducted at Trent University showed that exposing tadpoles to endosulfan, an organochloride pesticide ... originally under the federal Act to Regulate the Sale and Inspection of Agricultural Economic Poisons. This Act was replaced in ...
Low Dose Makes the Poison. Living on Earth, 4 Sep 2009. Fürst P (October 2006). "Dioxins, polychlorinated biphenyls and other ... Tumburu L, Shepard EF, Strand AE, Browdy CL (November 2011). "Effects of endosulfan exposure and Taura Syndrome Virus infection ... In the marine penaeid shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei, exposure to endosulfan resulted increased susceptibility to acute toxicity ... dose makes the poison' rule of toxicology. Nontraditional dose-response curves are referred to as nonmonotonic dose response ...
Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization ...
"Poisoning the land" (Opinion). Bangkok Post. 2019-02-07. Retrieved 2019-02-07. Rujivanarom, Pratch (24 May 2018). "No ban on ... Endosulfan sulfate, Aldicarb, Azinphos-methyl, Chlorpyrifos-ethyl, Methoxychlor, and Paraquat. Instead, by 2014 the number of ...
Klaassen, editor, Curtis D. (2001). Casarett and Doull's toxicology : the basic science of poisons (6th. ed.). New York: McGraw ...
For example, birds may be poisoned when they eat food that was recently sprayed with insecticides or when they mistake an ...
Exposure to pyrethroid-derived drugs such as permethrin requires treatment by a veterinarian, otherwise the poisoning is often ...
Treatment for poisoning with GV involves drugs such as atropine, benactyzine, obidoxime, and HI-6.[1][2] ...
The book argued that pesticides, including DDT, were poisoning both wildlife and the environment and were endangering human ... Before DDT, eliminating mosquito breeding grounds by drainage or poisoning with Paris green or pyrethrum was sometimes ... Before DDT, malaria was successfully eliminated or curtailed in several tropical areas by removing or poisoning mosquito ... "for his discovery of the high efficiency of DDT as a contact poison against several arthropods" in 1948.[5] ...
Greenpeace India describes the lower Periyar as "a cesspool of toxins, which have alarming levels of deadly poisons like DDT, ... endosulfan, hexa and trivalent chromium, lead, cyanide, BHC".[71][72] Several studies have pointed out that the riverbed has ...
Endosulfan including probable outcomes, duration, recurrence, complications, deaths, and survival rates. ... Chemical poisoning -- Endosulfan: Research More. *Chemical poisoning -- Endosulfan: Introduction *Symptoms: Chemical poisoning ... Endosulfan *Treatments: Chemical poisoning -- Endosulfan About prognosis:. The prognosis of Chemical poisoning -- Endosulfan ... Endosulfan. The prognosis of Chemical poisoning -- Endosulfan may include the duration of Chemical poisoning -- Endosulfan, ...
Symptoms of Endosulfan Exposure from the International Chemical Safety Cards (ICSC). Report a Poisoning. ... ENDOSULFAN (CA DPR Chem Code Text ) , ENDOSULFAN (MIXED ISOMERS) , Endosulfan (mixture of alpha and beta isomers) , Endosulfan ... Endosulfan I (alpha). View. View. View. Insecticide. No. Yes. 33213-65-9. Related. 6. Endosulfan II (beta). View. View. View. ... Endosulfan sulfate. View. View. View. Breakdown product. No. Not Listed. Related. 13. Endosulfans Total. View. View. View. ...
Endosulfan affects the function of the central nervous system. Endosulfan has been found in at least 164 of 1,577 National ... Exposure to endosulfan happens mostly from eating contaminated food, but may also occur from skin contact, breathing ... Severe poisoning may result in death.. There are no studies of people exposed to low levels of endosulfan for long periods of ... In water, α- and β-endosulfan change into a less toxic substance, endosulfan diol. Endosulfan sulfate is more resistant to ...
Endosulfan/poisoning , Female , Food Contamination , Humans , Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated , Insecticides/poisoning , Male , ... Endosulfan poisoning--a clinical profile. Venkateswarlu, K; Suryarao, K; Srinivas, V; Sivaprakash, N; Jagannadharao, N R; ... Endosulfan poisoning can be suspected by the primary CNS manifestations with or without clinical or laboratory evidence of ... The objective of the study is to identify the clinical profile of endosulfan poisoning and also to recognise any biochemical ...
... acute endosulfan poisoning. J Toxicol Clin Toxicol 26 (3-4): 265 - 8. Sood AK, Yadav SP, Sood P (1994) Endosulfan poisoning ... Endosulfan (FAO Meeting Report PL/1965/10/1) Endosulfan (FAO/PL:1967/M/11/1) Endosulfan (FAO/PL:1968/M/9/1) Endosulfan (WHO ... endosulfan, beta endosulfan. Solubility: In water alpha endosulfan 0.32, beta - endosulfan 0.33 (both in mg/L, 22 C). In ethyl ... of the poison caused relatively quick fetus death (Sancewicz et al, 1997). A teenage girl with acute endosulfan poisoning ...
This paper describes very rare chemical poisoning and characteristics of patients with acute endosulfan mass poisoning in a ... We included 41 patients who were treated in our hospital with the diagnosis of endosulfan poisoning. After the first vital ... Toxicological analysis of blood and urine samples revealed endosulfan as the causative agent. Especially in the rural areas, ... cases with acute repetitive seizures should suggest endosulfan intoxication when the aetiology is uncertain even in the absence ...
Endosulfan is not, of course, the only poison accumulating in the northern peoples. They carry dangerously heavy loads of ... Banerjee speculates that, in India, it could take generations for people and the land to recover from endosulfan poisoning. ... Indias Supreme Court bans endosulfan. By 2011, enough momentum had built around Indias "ban endosulfan" campaign for the ... "Endosulfan has been found in considerable levels in the Arctic environment. It is unquestionable that endosulfan is subject to ...
Pesticide companies in India are pulling out all the stops to keep endosulfan on the market. As nations of the world prepare to ... and have asked for our help in countering corporate influence on Indias official stance on endosulfan. Please add your voice ... gather next month to decide on a global ban of this neurotoxic pesticide, endosulfans makers have launched an aggressive ...
Devastating endosulfan poisoning in Korean native cattle / 대한수의학회지 Bo-ram LEE; Hyun-Kyoung LEE; Kyung-Hyun LEE; Soon-Seek YOON ... Our results strongly suggest that death of cows may be closely associated with endosulfan poisoning. ... Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Main subject: Poisoning / Salivation / Seizures / Bacteria / Cattle / ... Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Main subject: Poisoning / Salivation / Seizures / Bacteria / Cattle / ...
Consultant Clinical Toxicologist and Director, National Poisons Information Service - Edinburgh, Royal Infirmary. Visiting ... Title: Toxicological Profile for Endosulfan. Subject of Planned Report: The ATSDR toxicological profile succinctly ...
349 Ban Endosulfan - Ban Endosulfan Campaign - ♥ http://www.change.org/petitions/ban-endosulfan. ... OTHER CORPORATE ENVIRONMENTAL POISONS:. *2,819 Prevent Expansion of Toxic Waste Dump Connected to Serious Birth Defects - Nikki ... AND OTHER POISONS: 302 Support the International Ban on Endosulfan - Solidarity Youth Movement - http://www.change.org/ ... Ani L. Schwartz needs your help with "End Fracking & Other Corporate Environmental Poisons". Join Ani L. and 517 supporters ...
We take a look at the Endosulfan trail in India and how it culminated with the Supreme Court ordering compensation for victims ... Even if the village manages to stop endosulfan spraying for all times to come, the people here fear a poisoned future. They ... The health effects of endosulfan poisoning were similar to the maladies Kumar had noticed. But saying that a public sector ... Endosulfan was banned in Kerala in 2005 after the Centre issued a gazette notification withholding the use of endosulfan in the ...
Human data: Chronic exposures to workers averaging 47 mg/m3 caused manganese poisoning, while no cases occurred at exposures ... 2. Gupta PK, Murthy RC, Chandra SV [1981]. Toxicity of endosulfan and manganese chloride: cumulative toxicity rating. Toxicol ... 1. Flinn RH, Neal PA, Reinhart WH, Dallavalle JM, Fulton WB, Dooley AE [1940]. Chronic manganese poisoning in an ore-crushing ...
Acute endosulfan poisoning: a retrospective study. Hum Exp Toxicol. 2009 May. 28(5):309-16. [Medline]. ... Karatas AD, Aygun D, Baydin A. Characteristics of endosulfan poisoning: a study of 23 cases. Singapore Med J. 2006 Dec. 47(12): ... 2014 Annual Report of the American Association of Poison Control Centers National Poison Data System (NPDS): 32nd Annual ... Refractory status epilepticus following self-poisoning with the organochlorine pesticide endosulfan. J Clin Neurosci. 2004 Sep ...
Acute poisoning from endosulfan can cause headaches, nausea, vomiting, convulsions, and in extreme cases, unconsciousness and ... Endosulfan is being considered for addition to the treaty due to the fact that it persists in the environment, is toxic, is ... Endosulfan is the only soft for pollinators pesticide. And seems when its applied in a safe way it doesnt cause harm to ... Endosulfan is a potent environmental pollutant and is especially toxic to fish and other aquatic life. It also affects birds, ...
Water-borne poison. Can t let Budha Nullah fester forever. These are the floodplains along the Sutlej, served also by the Budha ... Remember the endosulfan victims in Kerala. And remember Punjab s cancer train. A series of media reports have covered another ... Water-borne poison. Can t let Budha Nullah fester forever These are the floodplains along the Sutlej, served also by the Budha ... The toxics and poisons used in chemical farming are creating a health burden for our society. Remember Bhopal. ...
"Selective involvement of basal ganglia and occipital cortex in a patient with acute endosulfan poisoning". Journal of the ... Description of MRI and other features of acute endosulphan poisoning and its similarities with the MRI features of Huntingtons ...
In California, Fish and Drinking Water Poisoned with Rotenone. (Beyond Pesticides, October 1, 2007) For the second time in ten ...
Endosulfan+deltamethrin. Endosulfan+dimethoate. Endosulfan+methomyl. Endosulfan+parathion-methyl. Lambda-cyhalothrin+endosulfan ... Lambda-cyhalothrin+endosulfan. Endosulfan+esfenvalerate. Endosulfan+fenvalerate. Fenpropathrin+endosulfan. Beta-cypermethrin+ ... alpha-endosulfan, endosulfan (I), stereochemistry 3a,5ab,6a,9a,9ab-, comprises 64-67% of the grade; beta-endosulfan, endosulfan ... In water alpha-endosulfan 0.32, beta-endosulfan 0.33 (both in /l, 22 °C). In ethyl acetate, dichloromethane, toluene 200, ...
In 1993, one confirmed case and one possible case of endosulfan poisoning in agricultural workers occurred in two southeastern ... Two cases of suspected endosulfan poisoning were investigated utilizing record reviews, blood samples, a site visit, and ... Both farm owners had ample opportunity for endosulfan exposure while mixing concentrated endosulfan with water and applying the ... endosulfan; pesticide; poisoning; agriculture; protective equipment; public health ...
Death in a toddler following endosulfan ingestion. Clin Toxicol (Phila). 2009;47:899-901. ... Poisons Information Officer, National Poisons Centre, University of Otago, Dunedin; Robin J Slaughter, Poisons Information ... The correct storage of poisons plays a significant role in poisoning prevention. This not only includes storing poisons in ... The impact of poison control centers on poisoning-related visits to EDs--United States, 2008. Am J Emerg Med. 2008;26:310-5. ...
Endosulfan is alleged to be responsible for many fatal pesticide poisoning incidents around the world by NGOs opposing ... The compound breaks down into endosulfan sulfate, endosulfan diol, and endosulfan furan, all of which have structures similar ... Information about endosulfan from Protect Endosufan Network. State of endosulfan, Down To Earth Interim report on endosulfan ... Endosulfan is widely used in most of the plantation crops in India. The toxicity of endosulfan and health issues due to its ...
Unpredictable poison: Endosulfan Fatma nci Ar kan, Fatma zkan, Y ld z Dallar Bilge. Medical Journal of Bakirk y. 2014; 10(4): ...
Symptoms of acute poisoning caused by endosulfan include hyperactivity and muscle spasm, while chronic toxicity may cause ... What is Endosulfan?. Endosulfan is a pesticide used in many countries worldwide. The pesticide is registered and permitted to ... Endosulfan is normally not used in fish farming as some fish species are very sensitive to the effect of endosulfan and no ... Endosulfan Detected in Eels Exported to Japan from Mainland China. Reported by Mr. Arthur YAU, Scientific Officer,. Risk ...
Endosulfan is:. *acutely toxic and has poisoned numerous people, livestock and wildlife ... Endosulfan Monograph. Position Paper of Pesticide Action Network (PAN) Asia and the Pacific on Endosulfan. Organophosphates ... Endosulfan. The organochlorine insecticide, endosulfan is a highly toxic, ubiquitous environmental pollutant, causing long-term ... Both endosulfan and chlorpyrifos are commonly used in cotton, horticulture and sugar cane production. ...
Environmental Protection Agency announced today it was moving to ban the DDT-like pesticide endosulfan, a highly toxic ... As this growing season enters full swing, we sincerely hope its the last one where this dangerous poison is let loose in our ... Endosulfan is so persistent and travels such long distances that it has been found in the Arctic, Sierra Nevada lakes, and ... The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency announced today it was moving to ban the DDT-like pesticide endosulfan, a highly toxic ...
... www.cdpr.ca.gov/docs/emon/pubs/tac/tacpdfs/endosulfan/endosulfan_sum.pdf. ... Poison Poles: A Report About their toxic trail and the safer alternatives. National Coalition Against the Misuse of Pesticides ... Cardiac conduction disturbance due to prallethrin (pyrethroid) poisoning. Journal of Medical Toxicology, 6(1), pp.27-30. https ... Department of Pesticide Regulation (DPR), Endosulfan- Risk Characterization Document. California Environmental Protection ...
... www.cdpr.ca.gov/docs/emon/pubs/tac/tacpdfs/endosulfan/endosulfan_sum.pdf. ... Poison Poles: A Report About their toxic trail and the safer alternatives. National Coalition Against the Misuse of Pesticides ... Department of Pesticide Regulation (DPR), Endosulfan- Risk Characterization Document. California Environmental Protection ... https://www.beyondpesticides.org/programs/wood-preservatives/publications/poison-poles.. 32. ...
Cases of poisoning due to consumption of Endosulfan-contaminated food have been reported in Nigeria. After laboratory ... The effect of Endosulfan on water and food intake of adult wistar rats was studied. Endosulfan, an organochlorine insecticide ... it was reported that Endosulfan was among the pesticides that caused food poisoning in Bekwarra Local Government Area (LGA) of ... Kenya and Nigeria were heavily contaminated with Endosulfan (Anon, 2003b). There is experimental evidence that Endosulfan ...
  • It found that several species of freshwater fish have lower temperature tolerances when exposed to the widely used pesticides endosulfan and chlorpyrifos. (ntn.org.au)
  • After laboratory investigation in May, 2008 by National Agency for Food, Drug and Administration Control (NAFDAC), it was reported that Endosulfan was among the pesticides that caused food poisoning in Bekwarra Local Government Area (LGA) of Cross River State where 112 people were hospitalised and two children died after eating contaminated moi-moi and beans. (ispub.com)
  • 3.Pesticides - poisoning. (who.int)
  • Endosulfan is a highly toxic, antiquated insecticide, and one of the last organochlorine pesticides still in use. (pan-uk.org)
  • Endosulfan appears to be about 1,000-times more lethal to amphibians than other pesticides that we have examined," Relyea said. (bio-medicine.org)
  • Ghana, for example, reported that application of various hazardous pesticides such as paraquat (WHO class II) and aluminum phosphide (a toxic fumigant) by farm workers without adequate protective clothing was a key cause of pesticide poisoning in the country. (publiceye.ch)
  • Among the selected 24 pesticides, paraquat was canceled to reregistration by the Korean government, and a few pesticides (i.e., endosulfan, EPN, methidathion, methomyl, and trichlorfon) have been voluntarily withdrawal by pesticide companies in 2011. (publiceye.ch)
  • United States only dicofol and endosulfan are still registered as pesticides. (dyckers.com)
  • 2012, 6(16), 67-75 67 Differential Effects of Agricultural Pesticides Endosulfan and Tebuconazole on Photosynthetic pigments, Metabolism and Assimilating Enzymes of Three So too much eating foods that already contaminated by endosulfan can leads to chronic health effect or you can say as long term side effects, such as hyperexcitability, tremors, and convulsions. (dyckers.com)
  • Le terme pesticide comprend non seulement les « produits phytosanitaires » ou « phytopharmaceutiques » utilisés en agriculture, sylviculture et horticulture mais aussi les produits zoosanitaires, les produits de traitements conservateurs des bois, et de nombreux pesticides à usage domestique : shampoing antipoux, boules antimites, poudres anti-fourmis, bombes insecticides contre les mouches, mites ou moustiques, c… 252. (fei-ct.com)
  • Seul ou combiné à d'autres pesticides en cocktail chimique, il est suspecté d'avoir entrainé la mort de centaines de … Get started today with an existing DNA file or order a SelfDecode DNA kit! (fei-ct.com)
  • Chemical insecticides (often called 'pesticides') are viewed by some as a boon (a blessing) and others as a bane (a problem or fatal poison), and both views are correct. (ufl.edu)
  • Most of the applied pesticides in these countries have been classified by the WHO as class one pesticides like monocrotophos, methamidophos, endosulfan and carbufurun. (pakissan.com)
  • Pesticide poisoning is correlated with cotton crop which consumes 85 percent of applied pesticides. (pakissan.com)
  • In one cotton season, out of 578 poisoned patients, 370 were pesticides victims (73 per cent males and 27 per cent females). (pakissan.com)
  • Similar incidences of pesticides poisoning in other developing countries like India, China, Indonesia, Philippine, Thailand, Malaysia etc are also highlighted periodically in their media bulletins. (pakissan.com)
  • A bird discovered at Edmunbyers in County Durham had died from poisoning by Carbofuran , one of the most toxic of pesticides, which is banned in the EU. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • AIM: To assess poisonings and associated factors with lethality by pesticides. (bvsalud.org)
  • RESULTS: 3,826 patients poisoned by pesticides were identified, of which 146 died. (bvsalud.org)
  • CONCLUSION: Out of 100 pesticides poisoning, four died. (bvsalud.org)
  • This was postulated to be due to chronic exposure to organo-phosphates, exposure to many other carcinogenic pesticides and non-cholinergic mechanism of action of organophosphates than the one that depresses the levels of acetyl cholinesterase (AChE) as in acute poisoning. (indmedica.com)
  • Indicate that the population of the pesticides occurred in chlorpyrifos + cypermethrin poisoning treatment min administered through oral gavage and lasted for a of! (shotokan.pl)
  • Australian scientists have found that fish exposed to sub-lethal concentrations of endosulfan and chlorpyrifos showed significant reductions in the ability to survive in warmer waters. (ntn.org.au)
  • Both endosulfan and chlorpyrifos are commonly used in cotton, horticulture and sugar cane production. (ntn.org.au)
  • chlorpyrifos 20 EC (0.05%), endosulfan 35 EC (0.07%), monocrotophos 36 SL (0.04%), malathion 50 EC (0.12%), dichlorvos 76 EC (0.15%), and alphamethrin 10 EC (0.01%) were tested for their residual toxicity against the mealybug, P. solenopsis and its coccinellid predators. (niscair.res.in)
  • However, stomach toxicity pertaining to the insecticide-sprayed mealybugs as prey offered to all the three species of predators indicated that the insecticides, chlorpyrifos and endosulfan were lesser toxic to these wherein mean mortality ranged from 38.09 to 56.66 and 50 to 65.71%, respectively. (niscair.res.in)
  • 10.14202/vetworld.2019.584-592 they have cytotoxic effect ( Manjula et al chlorpyrifos + cypermethrin poisoning treatment him/her ticks on cattle and a. (shotokan.pl)
  • Technical grade endosulfan also contains endosulfan sulfate. (cdc.gov)
  • Endosulfan sulfate may be broken down by sunlight. (cdc.gov)
  • endosulfan sulfate is more resistant. (cdc.gov)
  • The main metabolite usually found was endosulfan sulfate, which is degraded more slowly and is, for this reason, the most important metabolite. (agropages.com)
  • Endosulfan sulfate is a product of oxidation containing one extra O atom attached to the S atom. (wikipedia.org)
  • The breakdown product of endosulfan is the endosulfan sulfate. (blogspot.com)
  • The main target of endosulfan toxicity is the nervous system. (cdc.gov)
  • At sufficiently high doses, endosulfan may cause seizures, vomiting, and convulsions in animals and humans," said Marilyn Silva, a scientist in the pesticide programs division of the California Department of Pesticide Regulation (CDPR), noting that her understanding of endosulfan toxicity is "based primarily on animal studies. (earthisland.org)
  • Toxicity of endosulfan and manganese chloride: cumulative toxicity rating. (cdc.gov)
  • Endosulfan became a highly controversial agrichemical due to its acute toxicity, potential for bioaccumulation, and role as an endocrine disruptor. (wikipedia.org)
  • Symptoms of acute poisoning caused by endosulfan include hyperactivity and muscle spasm, while chronic toxicity may cause kidney damage. (gov.hk)
  • Risk assessment using internationally accepted methodology, the highest level of endosulfan detected in eels in Japan and the consumption pattern of local secondary school students (as collection of adult consumption data is underway) showed that consumption of the eel concerned would contribute less than 1% of the safety reference value (in terms of acceptable daily intake 2 (ADI) for chronic toxicity) set for endosulfan by international authority. (gov.hk)
  • These insecticides when offered to the adults along with honey differed in toxicity as stomach poison at 24 hrs of exposure. (niscair.res.in)
  • Dr. K. Padmanaban's Knowledge Centre: Can you inform me about endosulfan and its toxicity? (blogspot.com)
  • The solvents used to dissolve endosulfan influence its toxicity. (blogspot.com)
  • and the Institute for Environmental Toxicology, Michigan State Regulatory Status: Endosulfan is a highly toxic pesticide in EPA toxicity class I. In den USA ist es seit 2010 verboten. (dyckers.com)
  • Combination of fluoride and endosulfan induced teratogenicity and developmental toxicity in Swiss albino mice exposed during organogenesis. (fluoridealert.org)
  • Endosulfan is an insecticide still in widespread use in many countries, on crops like cotton, soy, coffee, tea and vegetables, but also banned in 55 countries because of high toxicity to humans and nearly all other organisms, and its persistence in the environment. (fei-ct.com)
  • This paper describes very rare chemical poisoning and characteristics of patients with acute endosulfan mass poisoning in a rural area of Turkey and our experiences of these patients. (erciyes.edu.tr)
  • Especially in the rural areas, cases with acute repetitive seizures should suggest endosulfan intoxication when the aetiology is uncertain even in the absence of any signs of intoxication. (erciyes.edu.tr)
  • Covering a population of approximately 4.4 million people, calls are received from both the general public and health professionals concerning acute poisoning. (nzma.org.nz)
  • The acute toxic doses of these compounds are highly variable, and reports of acute human poisonings are limited. (mhmedical.com)
  • In particular, paraquat was the most used herbicide in South Korea in both frequency and volume and has been a major causative agent leading to acute poisoning death [Lee et al 2013]. (publiceye.ch)
  • Acute kidney injury is the common complication of paraquat poisoning and needs to be recognized and treated promptly. (publiceye.ch)
  • Pavan M. (2013): Acute kidney injury following paraquat poisoning in India. (publiceye.ch)
  • Was curious to know if the replacement of Endosulfan will not have similar or more acute problems which we will know say 20 years later. (blogspot.com)
  • But acute pesticide poisoning can cause nausea, blurred vision, an abnormally fast heart rate, paralysis and death. (commondreams.org)
  • The authors administered KCN, NaF,AS2O3 orally to rabbits and caused acute and chronic poisoning, then studied the teeth, jaw bones, and other oral tissues histopathologically. (koreascience.or.kr)
  • There was no significant difference between acute poisoned group by NaF and control group. (koreascience.or.kr)
  • 3. Acute poisoned group by KCN showed almost similar appearances as control group, and chronic poisoned group showed hyperplasia of baal layer in epitheilium, degeneration of subcutaneous connective tissues, vasodilation and huperemia, severe hemorrhage of marginal area of jaw bone. (koreascience.or.kr)
  • 4. Acute poisoned group by AS2O3 showed degeneration of basal cell, atrophy of blood vessels in palatal muscosa. (koreascience.or.kr)
  • Pesticide companies in India are pulling out all the stops to keep endosulfan on the market. (panna.org)
  • Our PAN partners in India are fed up, and have asked for our help in countering corporate influence on India's official stance on endosulfan. (panna.org)
  • Although, the Supreme Court had, by an order dated 13.05.2011, put a ban on the production and sale of endosulfan in India till further orders. (wikipedia.org)
  • In October, the Review Committee of the Stockholm Convention moved endosulfan along in the procedure for listing under the treaty, while India blocked its addition to the Rotterdam Convention. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fish from India, (Anon, 2002a) Kenya and Nigeria were heavily contaminated with Endosulfan (Anon, 2003b). (ispub.com)
  • Six cases of paraquat poisoning were treated in a center in India. (publiceye.ch)
  • The authors concluded: "Paraquat consumption is a common agent of suicidal poisoning in this part of India, resulting in very high morbidity and mortality. (publiceye.ch)
  • India is the largest user of endosulfan and the problems in Kerala is well known. (blogspot.com)
  • The pattern of poisoning data were compared with poisoning cases data of some other countries (India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh and Pakistan).The collected data were analyzed for their appropriateness and then interpretation was made on the basis of nature of the analyzed result registered in Clinical Toxicology unit of NAFOL. (omicsonline.org)
  • India is the world's largest user of endosulfan, and a major producer with three companies-Excel Crop Care, Hindustan Insecticides Ltd, and Coromandal Fertilizers-producing 4,500 tonnes annually for domestic use and another 4,000 tonnes for export. (bedroc.in)
  • This month, TRINet looks at the history of endosulfan controversy in India and the struggle by civil society and environmentalists seeking for a ban on this controversial generic pesticide. (bedroc.in)
  • In February 2002, in response to a petition by the Pesticide Manufacturers and Formulators Association of India (PMFAI) at the Kerala High Court, the government issued orders prohibiting aerial spraying of endosulfan and permitted the PCK to so ground based spraying only. (bedroc.in)
  • Over the past 2 ½ decades, the pesticide endosulfan has been aerially sprayed on a cashew nut plantation covering several villages in Kasargod District, Kerala State, India. (healtoxics.org)
  • Endosulfan made thirty-seven farmers dying in Benin, two boys die in South Africa, poison flower workers in Colombia, villagers in Philippines and India, according to studies . (wordpress.com)
  • Alfau had no idea why she was feeling so ill, but lawyers from the Migrant Farmworker Justice Project representing her in a lawsuit learned through deposition that the area of the nursery where the hibiscus grew had been sprayed with the pesticide endosulfan less than 24 hours earlier, according to the lawsuit. (earthisland.org)
  • On 23 August 2006, the media reported that the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare of Japan had found that live eels imported from Guangdong Province and Shanghai, China contained the pesticide endosulfan at levels exceeding their requirement. (gov.hk)
  • The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency announced today it was moving to ban the DDT-like pesticide endosulfan, a highly toxic pesticide used in orchards and fields across the country . (earthjustice.org)
  • The pesticide, Endosulfan may have induced polydypsia through central or nephrogenic mechanisms by stimulating the paraventricular nucleus in the hypothalamus to release Arginine vasopressin (AVP). (ispub.com)
  • PAN UK has demonstrated that it is possible to phase out the highly hazardous pesticide, endosulfan, when growing coffee. (pan-uk.org)
  • Residues of eSoil:Endosulfan (alpha- and beta-) is degraded in soil with 50 30-70 d. (agropages.com)
  • 2002: The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service recommended that endosulfan registration should be cancelled, and the EPA determined that endosulfan residues on food and in water pose unacceptable risks. (wikipedia.org)
  • The report shows presence of Endosulfan residues in water samples as well as in blood samples from Padre Village. (bedroc.in)
  • In its study, the CSE found very high levels of endosulfan residues in all the samples collected and published their report in February 28, 2001. (healtoxics.org)
  • A team from the Kerala Agricultural University (KAU) conducted their own study soon after and their results showed no endosulfan residues detected in water, pepper berries, and betel leaf but found high levels of endosulfan in soil and cashew leaf samples from inside the plantation. (healtoxics.org)
  • The PCK also sponsored their own study, conducted two months later, and came up with results showing only small amounts of endosulfan in samples of cashew leaves and soil, and no residues in samples of water, human blood, fish and milk. (healtoxics.org)
  • Other OCs that continue to be used in Australia include lindane and endosulfan. (ntn.org.au)
  • Young calves are very susceptible to lindane and are poisoned by a single oral dose of 4.4 mg/kg. (merckvetmanual.com)
  • 4. USES 4.1 Uses 4.1.1 Uses Pesticide for use against invertebrate animals 4.1.2 Description Endosulfan is a non-systemic insecticide and acaricide with contact and stomach action. (inchem.org)
  • Endosulfan is an off-patent organochlorine insecticide and acaricide that is being phased out globally. (wikipedia.org)
  • Endosulfan is mostly used as an insecticide and acaricide. (blogspot.com)
  • Endosulfan is an organochlorine insecticide and acaricide belonging to the cyclodiene subgroup. (dyckers.com)
  • Endosulfan is a chlorinated hydrocarbon insecticide and acaricide of the cyclodiene subgroup which acts as a poison to a wide variety of insects and mites on contact. (healtoxics.org)
  • Endosulfan is a mixture of two stereoisomers: alpha - endosulfan, beta endosulfan. (inchem.org)
  • Solubility: In water alpha endosulfan 0.32, beta - endosulfan 0.33 (both in mg/L, 22 C). In ethyl acetate, dichloromethane, toluene 200, ethanol c.65, hexane c.24 (all in g/L, 20 C), (Tomlin,1994) Stability: Stable to sunlight. (inchem.org)
  • Solubility:In water alpha-endosulfan 0.32, beta-endosulfan 0.33 (both in /l, 22 °C). In ethyl acetate, dichloromethane, toluene 200, ethanol c. 65, hexane c. 24 (all in g/l, 20 °C). (agropages.com)
  • beta-Endosulfan: 0.06 mg/l. (speclab.com)
  • The half-life of alpha-endosulfan is 35 days and the beta-endosulfan is 150 days under neutral conditions. (blogspot.com)
  • These include methomyl and endosulfan, the latter is banned globally under the Stockholm Convention due to its toxic properties. (wordpress.com)
  • Eleven of the samples including Tenfu's Bi Luo Chun tea and jasmine tea produced by Zhang Yiyuan and Wuyutai contained methomyl and endosulfan. (wordpress.com)
  • Because of its effectiveness against insect pests on crops and pasture and the low dosage per acre, dieldrin is not likely to poison livestock grazing the treated areas. (merckvetmanual.com)
  • Various committees of various departments, Non Governmental Organizations, Indian Council of Medical Research and other agencies conducted visits to the area, conducted studies and surveys to understand the relation between aerial spraying of Endosulfan and the sudden spurt of health problems in the village. (bedroc.in)
  • An appeal to stop the aerial spraying of endosulfan was lodged in the courts by a coalition of public interest groups after their initial investigations confirmed that indeed there was an unusually large number of diseases occurring in the villages within the cashew nut plantation where endosulfan was being aerially sprayed. (healtoxics.org)
  • Despite the growing protests, however, the Plantation Corporation of Kerala (PCK), the owner of the cashew nut plantation, continued the aerial spraying of endosulfan, claiming that endosulfan was "safe" and was not causing the reported illnesses. (healtoxics.org)
  • By this time, the campaign against the aerial spraying of endosulfan was getting stronger and the Munsif Court of Kasargod in February, 2001, issued a stay order on all endosulfan applications in Kasargod. (healtoxics.org)
  • Studies in animals have shown that swallowing endosulfan in contaminated food for long periods of time affects mainly the kidneys. (cdc.gov)
  • Endosulfan has been shown to affect children in the same manner as adults, causing tremors and seizures after high exposure. (cdc.gov)
  • In our study we also demonstrate the direct bee poisoning which is caused by endosulfan and dichlorvos. (unideb.hu)
  • α- and β-Endosulfan are configurational isomers arising from the pyramidal stereochemistry of the teravalent sulfur. (wikipedia.org)
  • Technical endosulfan is made up of a mixture of two molecular forms (isomers) of endosulfan, the alpha- and beta-isomers. (healtoxics.org)
  • The 'prognosis' of Chemical poisoning -- Endosulfan usually refers to the likely outcome of Chemical poisoning -- Endosulfan. (rightdiagnosis.com)
  • The prognosis of Chemical poisoning -- Endosulfan may include the duration of Chemical poisoning -- Endosulfan, chances of complications of Chemical poisoning -- Endosulfan, probable outcomes, prospects for recovery, recovery period for Chemical poisoning -- Endosulfan, survival rates, death rates, and other outcome possibilities in the overall prognosis of Chemical poisoning -- Endosulfan. (rightdiagnosis.com)
  • Signs and symptoms of poisoning, first aid, and links to treatment information for this chemical. (pesticideinfo.org)
  • Endosulfan is sold as a mixture of two different forms of the same chemical (referred to as α- and β-endosulfan). (cdc.gov)
  • Both α- and β-endosulfan may be broken down in air by chemical reactions. (cdc.gov)
  • ENDOSULFAN International Programme on Chemical Safety Poisons Information Monograph 576 Chemical 1. (inchem.org)
  • Eight years after the federal agency said on its own website that endosulfan "can pose unacceptable neurological and reproductive risks to farmworkers and wildlife, and can persist in the environment," the chemical would still be used for years to come. (earthisland.org)
  • Chemical containers that are mislabelled or unlabelled may increase the chance of accidental poisoning, especially when chemicals are placed into drink containers such as soft drink (soda/pop/carbonated beverage), beer or milk bottles. (nzma.org.nz)
  • Additionally, after an exposure to an unidentified chemical it is difficult for Poisons Information Centres and medical staff to perform a risk assessment of the incident and determine appropriate medical management. (nzma.org.nz)
  • The aim of this study was to investigate the incidents of poisoning following exposure to mislabelled or unlabelled chemical products by retrospectively reviewing New Zealand National Poisons Centre (NZNPC) data over a 10-year period. (nzma.org.nz)
  • The retrospective review was limited to human poisoning or human exposure, excluding calls involving animal exposure, hazardous chemical inquiries (information calls without human exposure), and administrative inquiries. (nzma.org.nz)
  • The EPA announced that the registration of endosulfan in the U.S. will be cancelled Australia banned the use of the chemical. (wikipedia.org)
  • Endosulfan is a chemical pesticide used to control bugs on cucumbers such as the pickleworm and cucumber beetle. (gardenguides.com)
  • I have seen many patients with organochlorine chemical poisoning as a clinical toxicologist. (blogspot.com)
  • Labels for products Sold under trade names - THIONEX, ENDOCIL, … Technical endosulfan is made up of a Endosulfan 1. (dyckers.com)
  • Endosulfan is a derivative of hexachlorocyclopentadiene, and is chemically similar to aldrin, chlordane, and heptachlor. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are no studies of people exposed to low levels of endosulfan for long periods of time (i.e., years). (cdc.gov)
  • Exposure to high amounts of endosulfan induces hyperactivity and convulsions, regardless of the route of exposure. (cdc.gov)
  • Exposure to endosulfan occurs mainly from eating contaminated food, but may also occur from skin contact, breathing contaminated air, or drinking contaminated water. (cdc.gov)
  • Studies in humans have suggested associations between maternal exposure to endosulfan and autism and altered thyroid function and development of the nervous system in newborn children. (cdc.gov)
  • How can families reduce the risk of exposure to endosulfan? (cdc.gov)
  • Exposure to endosulfan in farmers: two case studies. (cdc.gov)
  • The exposure to endosulfan in limited oral dosage was able to exhibit hemo-biochemical and other changes that could be correlated with changes in the immunological profile of layer chickens suggesting cautious usage of endosulfan insecticide in poultry sheds. (veterinaryworld.org)
  • 2009: The Stockholm Convention's Persistent Organic Pollutants Review Committee (POPRC) agreed that endosulfan is a persistent organic pollutant and that "global action is warranted", setting the stage of a global ban. (wikipedia.org)
  • Endosulfan is so persistent and travels such long distances that it has been found in the Arctic, Sierra Nevada lakes, and Mount Everest, has been detected in the air around schools, and has been found in peer-reviewed articles to cause reproductive deformities and to increase autism in exposed fetuses. (earthjustice.org)
  • Since then, additional substances such as carcinogenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and certain brominated flame-retardents, as well as organometallic compounds such as tributyltin (TBT) have been added to the list of Persistent Organic Pollutants ( http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Persistent_Organic_Pollutant ). (unep.org)
  • The major degradation product, Endosulfan sulphate is not only more persistent but is also toxic. (bedroc.in)
  • Globally, the use of endosulfan is banned under the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants. (fei-ct.com)
  • 2.2 Summary of clinical effects Poisoning by the endosulfan and other cyclodiene insecticides is more likely to begin with the sudden onset of convulsions preceeded by vomiting. (inchem.org)
  • Our results show that malathion is more toxic than endosulfan, that adult males are more sensitive to both insecticides than females, and that resistance of ER1 and ER2 strains is restricted to the insecticide to which they had been exposed previously (endosulfan). (uab.cat)
  • 25]. Any insect population may contain individuals naturally resistant to ENDOSULFAN EC and other group code 2A insecticides. (dyckers.com)
  • The poisoning of honey bees most of the times is caused by neonikotinoids and insecticides. (unideb.hu)
  • If your pharmacy supplies poisons or chemicals, before agreeing, consider whether the request is suspicious (see above) and whether appropriate commercial alternatives and sellers are available. (rpharms.com)
  • Clinical analytical toxicology is one of the most essential parts in treatment of patients poisoned with drugs or toxic chemicals in hospitals. (omicsonline.org)
  • It is expected that the study will help clinicians treat patients poisoned with drugs or toxic chemicals in the hospitals better. (omicsonline.org)
  • Her current research interests encompass the use of traditional herbal remedies in pregnancy and childbirth and, under the rubric epidemiology of poisoning and toxicovigilance, she is particular concerned with amitraz poisoning, analgesic poisoning, medication errors, initial management of poisoning, and childhood poisoning due to over-the-counter preparations and household chemicals. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • abstract = "Four Drosophila melanogaster populations, two of them (ER1 and ER2) previously selected for adult resistance to endosulfan, were examined for response to endosulfan and malathion treatment. (uab.cat)
  • Creus, A , Xamena, N & Marcos, R 1983, ' Sensitivity of different strains of Drosophila melanogaster to endosulfan and malathion ', Toxicology Letters , vol. 16, pp. 323-330. (uab.cat)
  • Almost all organochlorine compounds are poisons. (blogspot.com)
  • The Supreme Court, on January 10, directed the Kerala government to pay Rs 500 crores in three months as compensation to over 5,000 victims of the use of endosulfan pesticide . (org.in)
  • The Centre for Science and Environment, in 2001, conducted Endosulfan tests in Kerala villages and brought results to the public eye. (org.in)
  • In August 25th 2001, the Kerala government issues orders to suspend the use of endosulfan in all crops and plantations until further orders. (bedroc.in)
  • In what has become known as the Yusho incident, thousands of people in western Japan were poisoned by the accidental ingestion of rice bran oil contaminated with polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and various dioxins and dioxin-like compounds. (readbyqxmd.com)
  • Many of these phenolic compounds are like poison to the body, and can sometimes latch onto the oestrogen receptor sites on cells triggering abnormal growth messages. (patrickholford.com)
  • Endosulfan, an organochlorine insecticide from the cyclodiene group was administered daily and orally to male and female albino wistar rats. (ispub.com)
  • Endosulfan is a broad-spectrum insecticide of the group of polycyclic chlorinated hydrocarbons called cyclodiene insecti- cides. (dyckers.com)
  • 1999). Endosulfan is a proven endocrine disruptor (Soto et al, 1994) and has potential to induce hypothyroidism (Anon, 2001). (ispub.com)
  • This study aims to analyze the data compiled from last 12 years (Fiscal Year 2000/2001 to 2011/2012) on different nature of poisons found in clinical toxicological cases. (omicsonline.org)
  • In 2001, pesticide poisoning nearly killed Elena Dominguez, then a sixth-grader in Wenatchee, Wash. (commondreams.org)
  • Formulations of endosulfan include emulsifiable concentrate, wettable powder, ultra-low volume (ULV) liquid, and smoke tablets. (healtoxics.org)
  • Endosulfan poisoning--a clinical profile. (bvsalud.org)
  • The objective of the study is to identify the clinical profile of endosulfan poisoning and also to recognise any biochemical parameters which indicate clinical or subclinical dysfunction of organs so that the offending agent can be easily identified in a given case of poisoning and appropriate treatment instituted promptly. (bvsalud.org)
  • Endosulfan poisoning can be suspected by the primary CNS manifestations with or without clinical or laboratory evidence of other organ dysfunction like liver , kidney and muscle . (bvsalud.org)
  • Information on the toxin involved is valuable because organochlorine exposure may produce the same clinical manifestations as other poisons that are much more commonly available, particularly in the United States. (medscape.com)
  • Severity of symptoms was calculated based on The Poisoning Severity Score, 8 developed by poisons centres around the world to evaluate poisoning cases based on the most severe clinical features. (nzma.org.nz)
  • Total poisoning cases received at NAFOL during the last 12 years (Fiscal year 2000/01 to 2011/12) [ 1 ] were compiled and studied to find the nature of poison in clinical toxicology cases. (omicsonline.org)
  • Such inclusion would ban all use and manufacture of endosulfan globally. (wikipedia.org)
  • In albino rats post market surveillance has shown that about 25 million agricultural workers globally experience unintentional poisoning. (shotokan.pl)
  • A 20-year-old man survived a 60-g endosulfan ingestion but was left with a chronic seizure disorder. (mhmedical.com)
  • Endosulfan ingestion causes prolonged vasoconstriction in the absence of adenohypophysis, the thyroid against a chequered pattern of movement. (yogachicago.com)
  • In 1993, one confirmed case and one possible case of endosulfan poisoning in agricultural workers occurred in two southeastern states. (cdc.gov)
  • ABOUT 25 million agricultural workers in developing countries suffer from pesticide poisoning each year that includes a significant number of women, says the World Health Organization (WHO). (pakissan.com)
  • From the regression model, a predictive model of death was developed, stratified by age, gender and occupational context to investigate the risk of agricultural workers poisoned by extremely hazardous agents. (bvsalud.org)
  • Studies of occupational and environmental exposure of humans have not provided conclusive evidence that endosulfan can cause cancer. (cdc.gov)
  • We do not know whether endosulfan can produce birth defects in humans. (cdc.gov)
  • Silva went on to say that even though "the primary target for its toxic effects is the central nervous system," endosulfan could also be "toxic to other organs and systems in animals and possibly in humans. (earthisland.org)
  • CDPR studies also show that after oral treatment in rats - widely considered as a strong stand-in for humans in toxicological testing - the liver and kidney were the sites of greatest endosulfan concentration. (earthisland.org)
  • The organochlorine insecticide, endosulfan is a highly toxic, ubiquitous environmental pollutant, causing long-term harm to humans and wildlife. (ntn.org.au)
  • Endosulfan 3EC Insecticide PRECAUTIONARY STATEMENTS Hazards to Humans and Domestic Animals DANGER: Fatal if swallowed, inhaled, or absorbed through skin. (fei-ct.com)
  • Chronic exposures to workers averaging 47 mg/m 3 caused manganese poisoning, while no cases occurred at exposures less than 30 mg/m 3 [Flinn et al. (cdc.gov)
  • Chronic manganese poisoning in an ore-crushing mill. (cdc.gov)
  • Many chronic effects have been noted in animals exposed to endosulfan. (blogspot.com)
  • 2. Chronic poisoned group by NaF showed degeneration and thicking of subcutanece fibrosis ective tissues, atrophy and degeneration of subcutaneous connective tissues, atrophy and degeneration of muscle fibers, vasodilation of subcutaneous in bone cavities(lacunae), and degeneration of odotlblasts in pulp tissue. (koreascience.or.kr)
  • Chronic poisoned group showed irregular cell arrangement and degeneration, reduction of capillaries in palatal mucosa. (koreascience.or.kr)
  • 5. In Masson's Trichrome and Van Gieson Staining, chronic poisoned group by NaF showed thicking and loosening of subcutaneous connective tissues. (koreascience.or.kr)
  • Hyperplasia of intermuscular connective tissue was observed in chronic poisoning by KCN and NaF. (koreascience.or.kr)
  • Over the years, other studies confirmed these findings, and the health hazards associated with endosulfan are now widely known and accepted. (org.in)
  • In 1981, regular spraying of Endosulfan begins - thrice a year and in 1991, a government appointed high power committee recommends Endosulfan not be used near water bodies and insists that bold labeling be adopted to prevent accidental usage near water bodies - probably the first official admission of the possible health hazards of this pesticide. (bedroc.in)
  • Few studies acknowledged that ecological and health hazards in Padre village were due to Endosulfan poisoning while a few rejected the relationship entirely and some other committees remained neutral demanding more research and studies. (bedroc.in)
  • BACKGROUND: Pesticide poisoning causes high morbidity and mortality. (bvsalud.org)
  • Toxicological analysis of blood and urine samples revealed endosulfan as the causative agent. (erciyes.edu.tr)
  • According to National Poison Centre, the number of paraquat poisoning cases has been rising in recent years. (publiceye.ch)
  • In a study conducted by National Poison Centre, suicide attempts were the most common circumstances of exposure with percentage as high as 73.8% (18). (publiceye.ch)
  • Endosulfan: Uses, Toxicological Profile and Regulation $ 160.00. (fei-ct.com)
  • Endosulfan is applied to crops by aerial or ground-level foliar spray. (cdc.gov)
  • The use of endosulfan is being restricted to certain crops and is scheduled to be canceled for all uses by 2016. (cdc.gov)
  • Endosulfan pesticide was used widely on crops like cashew, cotton, tea, paddy, fruits and others until 2011, when the Supreme Court banned its production and distribution. (org.in)
  • Honeybees are frequently poisoned by visiting weeds or cover crops, such as dandelions or clovers that are in bloom in the orchard or field. (gov.on.ca)
  • Health care professionals should understand the hazards associated with the pesticide use as well as diagnosis and treatment of these types of poisonings. (erciyes.edu.tr)
  • as an organism that degrades endosulfan and reduces its genotoxic effects. (veterinaryworld.org)
  • Endosulfan degrades relatively quickly in water (half-life - 2-22 days), but in soil it degrades slowly (half-life - 28-391 days). (bedroc.in)
  • It's so harmful that before it was recently banned across most of West Africa in 2008, it poisoned thousands of cotton farmers and family members through occupational or accidental exposure, with hundreds of fatalities. (pan-uk.org)
  • PAN UK has compiled 'real world' information on experiences of Latin American coffee farmers who have successfully eliminated endosulfan, in smallholder associations and on coffee estates. (pan-uk.org)
  • David is one of an estimated several hundred farmers around the UK who have suffered the consequences of pesticide poisoning. (theecologist.org)
  • Endosulfan was the only insecticide active ingredient mentioned by farmers for use against CBB. (fei-ct.com)
  • Technical endosulfan is a 7:3 mixture of stereoisomers, designated α and β. (wikipedia.org)
  • His results showed that endosulfan was not only highly toxic to leopard frogs, but also that it served as the linchpin of the pesticide mixture that eliminated the bulk of leopard frog tadpoles. (bio-medicine.org)
  • In 1999, the laboratory received an urgent demand of toxicology test from one of the Government hospital for diagnosis of type of poison used to poison a patient. (omicsonline.org)
  • We have had con[euro]rmation, including from independent toxicologists, that the poisons identi[euro]ed in the toxicology report - carbofuran and aldicarb - are fast-acting. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The effect of Endosulfan on water and food intake of adult wistar rats was studied. (ispub.com)
  • Young dairy calves are poisoned by 8.8 mg/kg, PO, but tolerate 4.4 mg/kg, whereas adult cattle tolerate 8.8 mg/kg and are poisoned by 22 mg/kg. (merckvetmanual.com)
  • Low literacy rate lead to self/suicidal poisonings. (pakissan.com)
  • Six days later the patients were admitted to the Department of Poisoning and Occupational Disease, Qilu Hospital of Shandong University (Jinan, China) with 3 and 2% total body surface area (TBSA) burns, respectively. (publiceye.ch)
  • In the present study three different cell cultures, derived from rabbit kidney (RKl 3), rat liver (WBF344) and insect origin (Sf21), were used to examine the cytotoxic effect of the insecticide endosulfan. (scribd.com)