Infection of the lung often accompanied by inflammation.
Inflammation of the lung parenchyma that is caused by bacterial infections.
Inflammation of the lung parenchyma that is caused by a viral infection.
A febrile disease caused by STREPTOCOCCUS PNEUMONIAE.
An interstitial lung disease of unknown etiology, occurring between 21-80 years of age. It is characterized by a dramatic onset of a "pneumonia-like" illness with cough, fever, malaise, fatigue, and weight loss. Pathological features include prominent interstitial inflammation without collagen fibrosis, diffuse fibroblastic foci, and no microscopic honeycomb change. There is excessive proliferation of granulation tissue within small airways and alveolar ducts.
A pulmonary disease in humans occurring in immunodeficient or malnourished patients or infants, characterized by DYSPNEA, tachypnea, and HYPOXEMIA. Pneumocystis pneumonia is a frequently seen opportunistic infection in AIDS. It is caused by the fungus PNEUMOCYSTIS JIROVECII. The disease is also found in other MAMMALS where it is caused by related species of Pneumocystis.
Pneumonia caused by infections with bacteria of the genus STAPHYLOCOCCUS, usually with STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS.
Serious INFLAMMATION of the LUNG in patients who required the use of PULMONARY VENTILATOR. It is usually caused by cross bacterial infections in hospitals (NOSOCOMIAL INFECTIONS).
A type of lung inflammation resulting from the aspiration of food, liquid, or gastric contents into the upper RESPIRATORY TRACT.
Any infection acquired in the community, that is, contrasted with those acquired in a health care facility (CROSS INFECTION). An infection would be classified as community-acquired if the patient had not recently been in a health care facility or been in contact with someone who had been recently in a health care facility.
Interstitial pneumonia caused by extensive infection of the lungs (LUNG) and BRONCHI, particularly the lower lobes of the lungs, by MYCOPLASMA PNEUMONIAE in humans. In SHEEP, it is caused by MYCOPLASMA OVIPNEUMONIAE. In CATTLE, it may be caused by MYCOPLASMA DISPAR.
Pneumonia due to aspiration or inhalation of various oily or fatty substances.
A diverse group of lung diseases that affect the lung parenchyma. They are characterized by an initial inflammation of PULMONARY ALVEOLI that extends to the interstitium and beyond leading to diffuse PULMONARY FIBROSIS. Interstitial lung diseases are classified by their etiology (known or unknown causes), and radiological-pathological features.
Either of the pair of organs occupying the cavity of the thorax that effect the aeration of the blood.
A group of interstitial lung diseases with no known etiology. There are several entities with varying patterns of inflammation and fibrosis. They are classified by their distinct clinical-radiological-pathological features and prognosis. They include IDIOPATHIC PULMONARY FIBROSIS; CRYPTOGENIC ORGANIZING PNEUMONIA; and others.
A gram-positive organism found in the upper respiratory tract, inflammatory exudates, and various body fluids of normal and/or diseased humans and, rarely, domestic animals.
Substances that reduce the growth or reproduction of BACTERIA.
A species of the genus PNEUMOVIRUS causing pneumonia in mice.
A species of PNEUMOCYSTIS infecting humans and causing PNEUMOCYSTIS PNEUMONIA. It also occasionally causes extrapulmonary disease in immunocompromised patients. Its former name was Pneumocystis carinii f. sp. hominis.
A genus of ascomycetous FUNGI, family Pneumocystidaceae, order Pneumocystidales. It includes various host-specific species causing PNEUMOCYSTIS PNEUMONIA in humans and other MAMMALS.
An acute, sometimes fatal, pneumonia-like bacterial infection characterized by high fever, malaise, muscle aches, respiratory disorders and headache. It is named for an outbreak at the 1976 Philadelphia convention of the American Legion.
Washing liquid obtained from irrigation of the lung, including the BRONCHI and the PULMONARY ALVEOLI. It is generally used to assess biochemical, inflammatory, or infection status of the lung.
X-ray visualization of the chest and organs of the thoracic cavity. It is not restricted to visualization of the lungs.
Short filamentous organism of the genus Mycoplasma, which binds firmly to the cells of the respiratory epithelium. It is one of the etiologic agents of non-viral primary atypical pneumonia in man.
Any infection which a patient contracts in a health-care institution.
A condition characterized by infiltration of the lung with EOSINOPHILS due to inflammation or other disease processes. Major eosinophilic lung diseases are the eosinophilic pneumonias caused by infections, allergens, or toxic agents.
This drug combination has proved to be an effective therapeutic agent with broad-spectrum antibacterial activity against both gram-positive and gram-negative organisms. It is effective in the treatment of many infections, including PNEUMOCYSTIS PNEUMONIA in AIDS.
Inflammation of the lung parenchyma that is associated with BRONCHITIS, usually involving lobular areas from TERMINAL BRONCHIOLES to the PULMONARY ALVEOLI. The affected areas become filled with exudate that forms consolidated patches.
The confinement of a patient in a hospital.
Chronic respiratory disease caused by the VISNA-MAEDI VIRUS. It was formerly believed to be identical with jaagsiekte (PULMONARY ADENOMATOSIS, OVINE) but is now recognized as a separate entity.
Mechanical devices used to produce or assist pulmonary ventilation.
Washing out of the lungs with saline or mucolytic agents for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes. It is very useful in the diagnosis of diffuse pulmonary infiltrates in immunosuppressed patients.
Any method of artificial breathing that employs mechanical or non-mechanical means to force the air into and out of the lungs. Artificial respiration or ventilation is used in individuals who have stopped breathing or have RESPIRATORY INSUFFICIENCY to increase their intake of oxygen (O2) and excretion of carbon dioxide (CO2).
Hospital units providing continuous surveillance and care to acutely ill patients.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
Death resulting from the presence of a disease in an individual, as shown by a single case report or a limited number of patients. This should be differentiated from DEATH, the physiological cessation of life and from MORTALITY, an epidemiological or statistical concept.
A chronic, clinically mild, infectious pneumonia of PIGS caused by MYCOPLASMA HYOPNEUMONIAE. Ninety percent of swine herds worldwide are infected with this economically costly disease that primarily affects animals aged two to six months old. The disease can be associated with porcine respiratory disease complex. PASTEURELLA MULTOCIDA is often found as a secondary infection.
Infections with bacteria of the genus PSEUDOMONAS.
Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent infections with STREPTOCOCCUS PNEUMONIAE.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Substances that prevent infectious agents or organisms from spreading or kill infectious agents in order to prevent the spread of infection.
The prototype species of PNEUMOCYSTIS infecting the laboratory rat, Rattus norvegicus (RATS). It was formerly called Pneumocystis carinii f. sp. carinii. Other species of Pneumocystis can also infect rats.
Presence of pus in a hollow organ or body cavity.
A species of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria that is the causative agent of LEGIONNAIRES' DISEASE. It has been isolated from numerous environmental sites as well as from human lung tissue, respiratory secretions, and blood.
Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
An acute viral infection in humans involving the respiratory tract. It is marked by inflammation of the NASAL MUCOSA; the PHARYNX; and conjunctiva, and by headache and severe, often generalized, myalgia.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Gram-negative aerobic rods, isolated from surface water or thermally polluted lakes or streams. Member are pathogenic for man. Legionella pneumophila is the causative agent for LEGIONNAIRES' DISEASE.
Infections with bacteria of the species STREPTOCOCCUS PNEUMONIAE.
Child hospitalized for short term care.
A human or animal whose immunologic mechanism is deficient because of an immunodeficiency disorder or other disease or as the result of the administration of immunosuppressive drugs or radiation.
Antiprotozoal agent effective in trypanosomiasis, leishmaniasis, and some fungal infections; used in treatment of PNEUMOCYSTIS pneumonia in HIV-infected patients. It may cause diabetes mellitus, central nervous system damage, and other toxic effects.
Pneumonia caused by infections with the genus CHLAMYDIA; and CHLAMYDOPHILA, usually with CHLAMYDOPHILA PNEUMONIAE.
Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the bronchi.
The presence of viable bacteria circulating in the blood. Fever, chills, tachycardia, and tachypnea are common acute manifestations of bacteremia. The majority of cases are seen in already hospitalized patients, most of whom have underlying diseases or procedures which render their bloodstreams susceptible to invasion.
Opportunistic infections found in patients who test positive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The most common include PNEUMOCYSTIS PNEUMONIA, Kaposi's sarcoma, cryptosporidiosis, herpes simplex, toxoplasmosis, cryptococcosis, and infections with Mycobacterium avium complex, Microsporidium, and Cytomegalovirus.
Bovine respiratory disease found in animals that have been shipped or exposed to CATTLE recently transported. The major agent responsible for the disease is MANNHEIMIA HAEMOLYTICA and less commonly, PASTEURELLA MULTOCIDA or HAEMOPHILUS SOMNUS. All three agents are normal inhabitants of the bovine nasal pharyngeal mucosa but not the LUNG. They are considered opportunistic pathogens following STRESS, PHYSIOLOGICAL and/or a viral infection. The resulting bacterial fibrinous BRONCHOPNEUMONIA is often fatal.
Invasion of the host RESPIRATORY SYSTEM by microorganisms, usually leading to pathological processes or diseases.
A process in which normal lung tissues are progressively replaced by FIBROBLASTS and COLLAGEN causing an irreversible loss of the ability to transfer oxygen into the bloodstream via PULMONARY ALVEOLI. Patients show progressive DYSPNEA finally resulting in death.
Material coughed up from the lungs and expectorated via the mouth. It contains MUCUS, cellular debris, and microorganisms. It may also contain blood or pus.
Infections with bacteria of the genus KLEBSIELLA.
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
Gram-negative, non-motile, capsulated, gas-producing rods found widely in nature and associated with urinary and respiratory infections in humans.
A species of gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria commonly isolated from clinical specimens (wound, burn, and urinary tract infections). It is also found widely distributed in soil and water. P. aeruginosa is a major agent of nosocomial infection.
Infections with bacteria of the genus HAEMOPHILUS.
An infection caused by an organism which becomes pathogenic under certain conditions, e.g., during immunosuppression.
Disease having a short and relatively severe course.
Pathological processes involving any part of the LUNG.
Infections with viruses of the genus PNEUMOVIRUS, family PARAMYXOVIRIDAE. This includes RESPIRATORY SYNCYTIAL VIRUS INFECTIONS, an important cause of respiratory disease in humans.
Infections with species in the genus PNEUMOCYSTIS, a fungus causing interstitial plasma cell pneumonia (PNEUMONIA, PNEUMOCYSTIS) and other infections in humans and other MAMMALS. Immunocompromised patients, especially those with AIDS, are particularly susceptible to these infections. Extrapulmonary sites are rare but seen occasionally.
Solitary or multiple collections of PUS within the lung parenchyma as a result of infection by bacteria, protozoa, or other agents.
Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
An infant during the first month after birth.
The period of confinement of a patient to a hospital or other health facility.
Infections with bacteria of the genus PASTEURELLA.
Systemic inflammatory response syndrome with a proven or suspected infectious etiology. When sepsis is associated with organ dysfunction distant from the site of infection, it is called severe sepsis. When sepsis is accompanied by HYPOTENSION despite adequate fluid infusion, it is called SEPTIC SHOCK.
Failure to adequately provide oxygen to cells of the body and to remove excess carbon dioxide from them. (Stedman, 25th ed)
A species of CHLAMYDOPHILA that causes acute respiratory infection, especially atypical pneumonia, in humans, horses, and koalas.
A common interstitial lung disease of unknown etiology, usually occurring between 50-70 years of age. Clinically, it is characterized by an insidious onset of breathlessness with exertion and a nonproductive cough, leading to progressive DYSPNEA. Pathological features show scant interstitial inflammation, patchy collagen fibrosis, prominent fibroblast proliferation foci, and microscopic honeycomb change.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
Pneumonia caused by infection with bacteria of the family RICKETTSIACEAE.
A mental state characterized by bewilderment, emotional disturbance, lack of clear thinking, and perceptual disorientation.
Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.
The top portion of the pharynx situated posterior to the nose and superior to the SOFT PALATE. The nasopharynx is the posterior extension of the nasal cavities and has a respiratory function.
Small polyhedral outpouchings along the walls of the alveolar sacs, alveolar ducts and terminal bronchioles through the walls of which gas exchange between alveolar air and pulmonary capillary blood takes place.
Presence of fluid in the pleural cavity resulting from excessive transudation or exudation from the pleural surfaces. It is a sign of disease and not a diagnosis in itself.
Infections with species of the genus MYCOPLASMA.
A mixture of liquid hydrocarbons obtained from petroleum. It is used as laxative, lubricant, ointment base, and emollient.
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Round, granular, mononuclear phagocytes found in the alveoli of the lungs. They ingest small inhaled particles resulting in degradation and presentation of the antigen to immunocompetent cells.
A subtype of INFLUENZA A VIRUS with the surface proteins hemagglutinin 1 and neuraminidase 1. The H1N1 subtype was responsible for the Spanish flu pandemic of 1918.
A vital statistic measuring or recording the rate of death from any cause in hospitalized populations.
Pulmonary diseases caused by fungal infections, usually through hematogenous spread.
A broad-spectrum cephalosporin antibiotic with a very long half-life and high penetrability to meninges, eyes and inner ears.
A procedure involving placement of a tube into the trachea through the mouth or nose in order to provide a patient with oxygen and anesthesia.
Advanced and highly specialized care provided to medical or surgical patients whose conditions are life-threatening and require comprehensive care and constant monitoring. It is usually administered in specially equipped units of a health care facility.
A group of often glycosylated macrocyclic compounds formed by chain extension of multiple PROPIONATES cyclized into a large (typically 12, 14, or 16)-membered lactone. Macrolides belong to the POLYKETIDES class of natural products, and many members exhibit ANTIBIOTIC properties.
Difficulty in SWALLOWING which may result from neuromuscular disorder or mechanical obstruction. Dysphagia is classified into two distinct types: oropharyngeal dysphagia due to malfunction of the PHARYNX and UPPER ESOPHAGEAL SPHINCTER; and esophageal dysphagia due to malfunction of the ESOPHAGUS.
A renal dehydropeptidase-I and leukotriene D4 dipeptidase inhibitor. Since the antibiotic, IMIPENEM, is hydrolyzed by dehydropeptidase-I, which resides in the brush border of the renal tubule, cilastatin is administered with imipenem to increase its effectiveness. The drug also inhibits the metabolism of leukotriene D4 to leukotriene E4.
A cattle disease of uncertain cause, probably an allergic reaction.
A peptide hormone that lowers calcium concentration in the blood. In humans, it is released by thyroid cells and acts to decrease the formation and absorptive activity of osteoclasts. Its role in regulating plasma calcium is much greater in children and in certain diseases than in normal adults.
Infections caused by bacteria that show up as pink (negative) when treated by the gram-staining method.
A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria normally commensal in the flora of CATTLE and SHEEP. But under conditions of physical or PHYSIOLOGICAL STRESS, it can cause MASTITIS in sheep and SHIPPING FEVER or ENZOOTIC CALF PNEUMONIA in cattle. Its former name was Pasteurella haemolytica.
Inflammation of the BRONCHIOLES.
Exotoxins produced by certain strains of streptococci, particularly those of group A (STREPTOCOCCUS PYOGENES), that cause HEMOLYSIS.
A sulfone active against a wide range of bacteria but mainly employed for its actions against MYCOBACTERIUM LEPRAE. Its mechanism of action is probably similar to that of the SULFONAMIDES which involves inhibition of folic acid synthesis in susceptible organisms. It is also used with PYRIMETHAMINE in the treatment of malaria. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p157-8)
Enumeration by direct count of viable, isolated bacterial, archaeal, or fungal CELLS or SPORES capable of growth on solid CULTURE MEDIA. The method is used routinely by environmental microbiologists for quantifying organisms in AIR; FOOD; and WATER; by clinicians for measuring patients' microbial load; and in antimicrobial drug testing.
A species of gram-negative bacteria causing MASTITIS; ARTHRITIS; and RESPIRATORY TRACT DISEASES in CATTLE.
Any tests that demonstrate the relative efficacy of different chemotherapeutic agents against specific microorganisms (i.e., bacteria, fungi, viruses).
Therapy with two or more separate preparations given for a combined effect.
Infections with bacteria of the order ACTINOMYCETALES.
Potentially pathogenic bacteria found in nasal membranes, skin, hair follicles, and perineum of warm-blooded animals. They may cause a wide range of infections and intoxications.
Virus diseases caused by the ADENOVIRIDAE.
Institutions with an organized medical staff which provide medical care to patients.
Infections with bacteria of the genus ACINETOBACTER.
A strain of Staphylococcus aureus that is non-susceptible to the action of METHICILLIN. The mechanism of resistance usually involves modification of normal or the presence of acquired PENICILLIN BINDING PROTEINS.
The presence of co-existing or additional diseases with reference to an initial diagnosis or with reference to the index condition that is the subject of study. Comorbidity may affect the ability of affected individuals to function and also their survival; it may be used as a prognostic indicator for length of hospital stay, cost factors, and outcome or survival.
Immunoglobulins produced in a response to BACTERIAL ANTIGENS.
Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.
Infections of the lungs with parasites, most commonly by parasitic worms (HELMINTHS).
Removal and pathologic examination of specimens in the form of small pieces of tissue from the living body.
Virus diseases caused by the ORTHOMYXOVIRIDAE.
Bacteria which lose crystal violet stain but are stained pink when treated by Gram's method.
Inflammation of the large airways in the lung including any part of the BRONCHI, from the PRIMARY BRONCHI to the TERTIARY BRONCHI.
Postmortem examination of the body.
A group of antibiotics that contain 6-aminopenicillanic acid with a side chain attached to the 6-amino group. The penicillin nucleus is the chief structural requirement for biological activity. The side-chain structure determines many of the antibacterial and pharmacological characteristics. (Goodman and Gilman's The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, 8th ed, p1065)
A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.
A species of RHODOCOCCUS found in soil, herbivore dung, and in the intestinal tract of cows, horses, sheep, and pigs. It causes bronchopneumonia in foals and can be responsible for infection in humans compromised by immunosuppressive drug therapy, lymphoma, or AIDS.
The L-isomer of Ofloxacin.
An abnormal elevation of body temperature, usually as a result of a pathologic process.
Semisynthetic vaccines consisting of polysaccharide antigens from microorganisms attached to protein carrier molecules. The carrier protein is recognized by macrophages and T-cells thus enhancing immunity. Conjugate vaccines induce antibody formation in people not responsive to polysaccharide alone, induce higher levels of antibody, and show a booster response on repeated injection.
An acronym for Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation, a scoring system using routinely collected data and providing an accurate, objective description for a broad range of intensive care unit admissions, measuring severity of illness in critically ill patients.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
A synthetic fluoroquinolone antibacterial agent that inhibits the supercoiling activity of bacterial DNA GYRASE, halting DNA REPLICATION.
A species of HAEMOPHILUS found on the mucous membranes of humans and a variety of animals. The species is further divided into biotypes I through VIII.
Cyclic polypeptide antibiotic from Bacillus colistinus. It is composed of Polymyxins E1 and E2 (or Colistins A, B, and C) which act as detergents on cell membranes. Colistin is less toxic than Polymyxin B, but otherwise similar; the methanesulfonate is used orally.
Diseases of domestic swine and of the wild boar of the genus Sus.
Non-fatal immersion or submersion in water. The subject is resuscitable.
A species of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria, commonly found in the clinical laboratory, and frequently resistant to common antibiotics.
Granular leukocytes having a nucleus with three to five lobes connected by slender threads of chromatin, and cytoplasm containing fine inconspicuous granules and stainable by neutral dyes.
A broad-spectrum semisynthetic antibiotic similar to AMPICILLIN except that its resistance to gastric acid permits higher serum levels with oral administration.
The ability of bacteria to resist or to become tolerant to chemotherapeutic agents, antimicrobial agents, or antibiotics. This resistance may be acquired through gene mutation or foreign DNA in transmissible plasmids (R FACTORS).
A syndrome characterized by progressive life-threatening RESPIRATORY INSUFFICIENCY in the absence of known LUNG DISEASES, usually following a systemic insult such as surgery or major TRAUMA.
Pneumovirus infections caused by the RESPIRATORY SYNCYTIAL VIRUSES. Humans and cattle are most affected but infections in goats and sheep have been reported.
Health care provided to a critically ill patient during a medical emergency or crisis.
Measurable quantity of bacteria in an object, organism, or organism compartment.
Diseases of domestic cattle of the genus Bos. It includes diseases of cows, yaks, and zebus.
In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.
Epidemics of infectious disease that have spread to many countries, often more than one continent, and usually affecting a large number of people.
A sudden, audible expulsion of air from the lungs through a partially closed glottis, preceded by inhalation. It is a protective response that serves to clear the trachea, bronchi, and/or lungs of irritants and secretions, or to prevent aspiration of foreign materials into the lungs.
Inhaling liquid or solids, such as stomach contents, into the RESPIRATORY TRACT. When this causes severe lung damage, it is called ASPIRATION PNEUMONIA.
A group of QUINOLONES with at least one fluorine atom and a piperazinyl group.
A species of gram-negative bacteria that causes MYCOPLASMA PNEUMONIA OF SWINE. The organism damages the CILIA in the airways of the pig, and thus compromises one of the most effective mechanical barriers against invading pathogens. The resulting weakening of the IMMUNE SYSTEM can encourage secondary infections, leading to porcine respiratory disease complex.
Colloids with a gaseous dispersing phase and either liquid (fog) or solid (smoke) dispersed phase; used in fumigation or in inhalation therapy; may contain propellant agents.
A group of broad-spectrum antibiotics first isolated from the Mediterranean fungus ACREMONIUM. They contain the beta-lactam moiety thia-azabicyclo-octenecarboxylic acid also called 7-aminocephalosporanic acid.
Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.
Semisynthetic thienamycin that has a wide spectrum of antibacterial activity against gram-negative and gram-positive aerobic and anaerobic bacteria, including many multiresistant strains. It is stable to beta-lactamases. Clinical studies have demonstrated high efficacy in the treatment of infections of various body systems. Its effectiveness is enhanced when it is administered in combination with CILASTATIN, a renal dipeptidase inhibitor.
Chronic endemic respiratory disease of dairy calves and an important component of bovine respiratory disease complex. It primarily affects calves up to six months of age and the etiology is multifactorial. Stress plus a primary viral infection is followed by a secondary bacterial infection. The latter is most commonly associated with PASTEURELLA MULTOCIDA producing a purulent BRONCHOPNEUMONIA. Sometimes present are MANNHEIMIA HAEMOLYTICA; HAEMOPHILUS SOMNUS and mycoplasma species.
In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.
Directions or principles presenting current or future rules of policy for assisting health care practitioners in patient care decisions regarding diagnosis, therapy, or related clinical circumstances. The guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by the convening of expert panels. The guidelines form a basis for the evaluation of all aspects of health care and delivery.
The ability of lymphoid cells to mount a humoral or cellular immune response when challenged by antigen.
A species of LENTIVIRUS, subgenus ovine-caprine lentiviruses (LENTIVIRUSES, OVINE-CAPRINE), that can cause chronic pneumonia (maedi), mastitis, arthritis, and encephalomyelitis (visna) in sheep. Maedi is a progressive pneumonia of sheep which is similar to but not the same as jaagsiekte (PULMONARY ADENOMATOSIS, OVINE). Visna is a demyelinating leukoencephalomyelitis of sheep which is similar to but not the same as SCRAPIE.
Pore forming proteins originally discovered for toxic activity to LEUKOCYTES. They are EXOTOXINS produced by some pathogenic STAPHYLOCOCCUS and STREPTOCOCCUS that destroy leukocytes by lysis of the cytoplasmic granules and are partially responsible for the pathogenicity of the organisms.
The number of times an organism breathes with the lungs (RESPIRATION) per unit time, usually per minute.
A genus of gram-negative, mostly facultatively anaerobic bacteria in the family MYCOPLASMATACEAE. The cells are bounded by a PLASMA MEMBRANE and lack a true CELL WALL. Its organisms are pathogens found on the MUCOUS MEMBRANES of humans, ANIMALS, and BIRDS.
The tubular and cavernous organs and structures, by means of which pulmonary ventilation and gas exchange between ambient air and the blood are brought about.
A glucocorticoid with the general properties of the corticosteroids. It is the drug of choice for all conditions in which routine systemic corticosteroid therapy is indicated, except adrenal deficiency states.
A species of sheep, Ovis canadensis, characterized by massive brown horns. There are at least four subspecies and they are all endangered or threatened.
Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.
A class of statistical procedures for estimating the survival function (function of time, starting with a population 100% well at a given time and providing the percentage of the population still well at later times). The survival analysis is then used for making inferences about the effects of treatments, prognostic factors, exposures, and other covariates on the function.
Process of determining and distinguishing species of bacteria or viruses based on antigens they share.
Non-antibody proteins secreted by inflammatory leukocytes and some non-leukocytic cells, that act as intercellular mediators. They differ from classical hormones in that they are produced by a number of tissue or cell types rather than by specialized glands. They generally act locally in a paracrine or autocrine rather than endocrine manner.
A bacteriostatic antibacterial agent that interferes with folic acid synthesis in susceptible bacteria. Its broad spectrum of activity has been limited by the development of resistance. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p208)
Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.
A disease or state in which death is possible or imminent.
Toxins produced, especially by bacterial or fungal cells, and released into the culture medium or environment.
Infection with CHLAMYDOPHILA PSITTACI (formerly Chlamydia psittaci), transmitted to humans by inhalation of dust-borne contaminated nasal secretions or excreta of infected BIRDS. This infection results in a febrile illness characterized by PNEUMONITIS and systemic manifestations.
Suppurative inflammation of the pleural space.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
The oldest recognized genus of the family PASTEURELLACEAE. It consists of several species. Its organisms occur most frequently as coccobacillus or rod-shaped and are gram-negative, nonmotile, facultative anaerobes. Species of this genus are found in both animals and humans.
The process of accepting patients. The concept includes patients accepted for medical and nursing care in a hospital or other health care institution.
A group of viruses in the PNEUMOVIRUS genus causing respiratory infections in various mammals. Humans and cattle are most affected but infections in goats and sheep have also been reported.
One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.
The administration of drugs by the respiratory route. It includes insufflation into the respiratory tract.
Number of deaths of children between one year of age to 12 years of age in a given population.
Parliamentary democracy located between France on the northeast and Portugual on the west and bordered by the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea.
A heterogeneous group of disorders, some hereditary, others acquired, characterized by abnormal structure or function of one or more of the elements of connective tissue, i.e., collagen, elastin, or the mucopolysaccharides.
Beta-lactam antibiotics that differ from PENICILLINS in having the thiazolidine sulfur atom replaced by carbon, the sulfur then becoming the first atom in the side chain. They are unstable chemically, but have a very broad antibacterial spectrum. Thienamycin and its more stable derivatives are proposed for use in combinations with enzyme inhibitors.
The middle portion of the pharynx that lies posterior to the mouth, inferior to the SOFT PALATE, and superior to the base of the tongue and EPIGLOTTIS. It has a digestive function as food passes from the mouth into the oropharynx before entering ESOPHAGUS.
Substances elaborated by bacteria that have antigenic activity.
Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Infections with bacteria of the genus STAPHYLOCOCCUS.
Act of listening for sounds within the body.

Hyper-IgE syndrome with recurrent infections--an autosomal dominant multisystem disorder. (1/4580)

BACKGROUND: The hyper-IgE syndrome with recurrent infections is a rare immunodeficiency characterized by recurrent skin and pulmonary abscesses and extremely elevated levels of IgE in serum. Associated facial and skeletal features have been recognized, but their frequency is unknown, and the genetic basis of the hyper-IgE syndrome is poorly understood. METHODS: We studied 30 patients with the hyper-IgE syndrome and 70 of their relatives. We took histories, reviewed records, performed physical and dental examinations, took anthropometric measurements, and conducted laboratory studies. RESULTS: Nonimmunologic features of the hyper-IgE syndrome were present in all patients older than eight years. Seventy-two percent had the previously unrecognized feature of failure or delay of shedding of the primary teeth owing to lack of root resorption. Common findings among patients were recurrent fractures (in 57 percent of patients), hyperextensible joints (in 68 percent), and scoliosis (in 76 percent of patients 16 years of age or older). The classic triad of abscesses, pneumonia, and an elevated IgE level was identified in 77 percent of all patients and in 85 percent of those older than eight. In 6 of 23 adults (26 percent), IgE levels declined over time and came closer to or fell within the normal range. Autosomal dominant transmission of the hyper-IgE syndrome was found, but with variable expressivity. Of the 27 relatives at risk for inheriting the hyper-IgE syndrome, 10 were fully affected, 11 were unaffected, and 6 had combinations of mild immunologic, dental, and skeletal features of the hyper-IgE syndrome. CONCLUSIONS: The hyper-IgE syndrome is a multisystem disorder that affects the dentition, the skeleton, connective tissue, and the immune system. It is inherited as a single-locus autosomal dominant trait with variable expressivity.  (+info)

Variants of a Cryptococcus neoformans strain elicit different inflammatory responses in mice. (2/4580)

The virulence of Cryptococcus neoformans isolates with high and low extracellular proteolytic activity was investigated in mice. No consistent relationship between proteolytic activity and virulence was observed, but isolates derived from one strain were shown to elicit different inflammatory responses.  (+info)

Expression of heat shock protein 72 by alveolar macrophages in hypersensitivity pneumonitis. (3/4580)

The current study was done to look at a possible role of heat shock proteins (HSPs) in hypersensitivity pneumonitis (HP). The specific aims were to determine whether there was a difference in the expression of HSP72 in alveolar macrophages (AMs) between mice challenged with HP antigen and saline-treated control mice and between AMs obtained by bronchoalveolar lavage from 18 patients with HP and 11 normal subjects. The expression of HSP72 was studied under basal conditions and under a mild heat shock. HSP72 expression by AMs in response to in vitro stimulation with Saccharopolyspora rectivirgula was lower in AMs of control mice than in those of HP animals. HSP72 was constitutively expressed in AMs of both normal and HP subjects. Densitometric ratios showed that AMs from normal subjects responded to heat shock with a 39 degrees C-to-37 degrees C ratio of 1.72 +/- 0.18 (mean +/- SE), and AMs from HP patients responded with a ratio of 1.16 +/- 0.16 (P = 0.0377). This decreased induction by additional stress of AMs could lead to an altered immunoregulatory activity and account for the inflammation seen in HP.  (+info)

Pneumonia in febrile neutropenic patients and in bone marrow and blood stem-cell transplant recipients: use of high-resolution computed tomography. (4/4580)

PURPOSE: To obtain statistical data on the use of high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) for early detection of pneumonia in febrile neutropenic patients with unknown focus of infection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred eighty-eight HRCT studies were performed prospectively in 112 neutropenic patients with fever of unknown origin persisting for more than 48 hours despite empiric antibiotic treatment. Fifty-four of these studies were performed in transplant recipients. All patients had normal chest roentgenograms. If pneumonia was detected by HRCT, guided bronchoalveolar lavage was recommended. Evidence of pneumonia on chest roentgenograms during follow-up and micro-organisms detected during follow-up were regarded as documentation of pneumonia. RESULTS: Of the 188 HRCT studies, 112 (60%) showed pneumonia and 76 were normal. Documentation of pneumonia was possible in 61 cases by chest roentgenography or micro-organism detection (54%) (P < 10(-6)). Sensitivity of HRCT was 87% (88% in transplant recipients), specificity was 57% (67%), and the negative predictive value was 88% (97%). A time gain of 5 days was achieved by the additional use of HRCT compared to an exclusive use of chest roentgenography. CONCLUSION: The high frequency of inflammatory pulmonary disease after a suspicious HRCT scan (> 50%) proves that pneumonia is not excluded by a normal chest roentgenogram. Given the significantly longer duration of febrile episodes in transplant recipients, HRCT findings are particularly relevant in this subgroup. Patients with normal HRCT scans, particularly transplant recipients, have a low risk of pneumonia during follow-up. All neutropenic patients with fever of unknown origin and normal chest roentgenograms should undergo HRCT.  (+info)

Blastomycosis acquired occupationally during prairie dog relocation--Colorado, 1998. (5/4580)

On August 31, 1998, two suspected cases of fungal pneumonia were reported to the Boulder County (Colorado) Health Department (BCHD). Both patients were immunocompetent, otherwise healthy adults working for the City of Boulder Open Space (CBOS) program on a prairie dog relocation project. This report summarizes the epidemiologic investigation by BCHD, the Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment, and CDC; the findings indicate that these two persons acquired blastomycosis in Colorado, which is outside the area where the disease is endemic.  (+info)

Pulmonary expression of interleukin-13 causes inflammation, mucus hypersecretion, subepithelial fibrosis, physiologic abnormalities, and eotaxin production. (6/4580)

Interleukin (IL)-13 is a pleiotropic cytokine produced in large quantities by activated CD4(+) Th2 lymphocytes. To define further its potential in vivo effector functions, the Clara cell 10-kDa protein promoter was used to express IL-13 selectively in the lung, and the phenotype of the resulting transgenic mice was characterized. In contrast to transgene-negative littermates, the lungs of transgene-positive mice contained an inflammatory response around small and large airways and in the surrounding parenchyma. It was mononuclear in nature and contained significant numbers of eosinophils and enlarged and occasionally multinucleated macrophages. Airway epithelial cell hypertrophy, mucus cell metaplasia, the hyperproduction of neutral and acidic mucus, the deposition of Charcot-Leyden-like crystals, and subepithelial airway fibrosis were also prominently noted. Eotaxin protein and mRNA were also present in large quantities in the lungs of the transgene-positive, but not the transgene-negative, mice. IL-4, IL-5, granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor, and monocyte chemoattractant protein-5 were not similarly detected. Physiological evaluations revealed significant increases in baseline airways resistance and airways hyperresponsiveness (AHR) to methacholine in transgene-positive animals. Thus, the targeted pulmonary expression of IL-13 causes a mononuclear and eosinophilic inflammatory response, mucus cell metaplasia, the deposition of Charcot-Leyden-like crystals, airway fibrosis, eotaxin production, airways obstruction, and nonspecific AHR. IL-13 may play an important role in the pathogenesis of similar responses in asthma or other Th2-polarized tissue responses.  (+info)

Bone marrow-derived cells are required for the induction of a pulmonary inflammatory response mediated by CD40 ligation. (7/4580)

The expression of inflammatory mediators by various cells following in vitro CD40 ligation is well known. However, knowledge of the role and interaction with these cells in the establishment and maintenance of in vivo immune-mediated inflammation is limited. In this report, a chimeric mouse model based on CD40 knockout and wild-type mice was used to assess the role of bone marrow (BM)-derived and non-BM-derived cells in a CD40-mediated pulmonary inflammation response. CD40+ BM-derived cells were required for initial cell recruitment, pulmonary edema, and weight loss associated with this response. The structural CD40+ non-BM-derived cells of the lung, such as fibroblasts, epithelial cells, and endothelial cells, could not by themselves establish any level of pulmonary inflammation. However, both the CD40+ BM-derived cells and the structural CD40+ non-BM-derived cells of the lung were required to maximize the level of pulmonary inflammation. Both B cells and T cells played a contributing role in macrophage recruitment and pulmonary edema but neither contributed to the inflammation-associated weight loss. These experiments indicate that CD40+ BM-derived cells were critical to the induction of pulmonary inflammation and that alveolar macrophages, B cells, and T cells contributed to selective aspects of the response.  (+info)

Long-term morbidity and mortality following hypoxaemic lower respiratory tract infection in Gambian children. (8/4580)

Acute lower respiratory infections (ALRI) are the main cause of death in young children worldwide. We report here the results of a study to determine the long-term survival of children admitted to hospital with severe pneumonia. The study was conducted on 190 Gambian children admitted to hospital in 1992-94 for ALRI who survived to discharge. Of these, 83 children were hypoxaemic and were treated with oxygen, and 107 were not. On follow-up in 1996-97, 62% were traced. Of the children with hypoxaemia, 8 had died, compared with 4 of those without. The mortality rates were 4.8 and, 2.2 deaths per 100 child-years of follow-up for hypoxaemic and non-hypoxaemic children, respectively (P = 0.2). Mortality was higher for children who had been malnourished (Z-score < -2) when seen in hospital (rate ratio = 3.2; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.03-10.29; P = 0.045). Children with younger siblings experienced less frequent subsequent respiratory infections (rate ratio for further hospitalization with respiratory illness = 0.15; 95% CI = 0.04-0.50; P = 0.002). Children in Gambia who survive hospital admission with hypoxaemic pneumonia have a good prognosis. Survival depends more on nutritional status than on having been hypoxaemic. Investment in oxygen therapy appears justified, and efforts should be made to improve nutrition in malnourished children with pneumonia.  (+info)

Trends in Community-Acquired Pneumonia Mortality (2000-2011) Elizabet Cecil, Department of Primary Care and Public Health, School of Public Health, Imperial College London. Part of the Department of Primary Care and Public Health Seminar Programme. 17th October 2012.. Download this file. ...
Pneumonia is among the major killer diseases in under-five children in the world. In developing countries 3 million children die each year due to pneumonia. Ethiopia is one of the 15 pneumonia high burden countries. The aim of this study was to examine the risk factors of the survival time of under-five pneumonia patients using Bayesian approach analysis. Total of 281 under-five pneumonia patients included in this study. The parametric survival models such as Weibull, Lognormal and Log-logistic baseline distributions were used to fit the datasets by introducing prior distributions. The DIC value was used to compare the baseline distributions, and based on the DIC value the Weibull baseline distribution was selected as good model to fit under-five pneumonia dataset well. The results obtained from the Weibull survival model showed that patients from urban residence and patients who were admitted during patient nurse ratio (PNR) was small; were prolong timing death of under-five pneumonia patients, while
Immediate management, as in any patient presenting with pneumonia, includes oxygen therapy and intravenous fluids if necessary. Timely initiation of antibiotics, as in any case of pneumonia, is very important.. As in community acquired pneumonia, S. pneumoniae is the most frequently isolated organism in recurrent pneumonia. S. pneumoniae, H. influenzae and M. catarrhalis were the three most common organisms isolated in one series of immunocompetent adults over the age of 50 with recurrence of pneumonia after hospitalization.. However, other organisms are also common in recurrent pneumonia and consideration should be given to the patients risk factors. H. influenzae is a common pathogen in patients with COPD. Smokers and those with COPD and other chronic respiratory conditions are predisposed to infection with Legionella. Patients with alcohol dependence are susceptible to infections by S. pneumoniae, H. influenzae, Klebsiella pneumoniae and anaerobes. Patients with recurrent pneumonia related ...
Co-morbidity and pneumonia risk in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) patients. Author: Dr Nicholas Williams, University of Southampton. A cohort of 6,707 patients with a primary care diagnosis of COPD were identified. Analysis of the database findings showed that 2.8% of patients had a pneumonia episode in 2010. A history of cerebrovascular disease and dementia were statistically significant predictors of pneumonia risk, with a trend towards significance for bronchiectasis. View abstract here. ...
If the radiographic abnormality is persistent, particularly in a specific area of the lung, a congenital anomaly or airway obstruction is more likely than if the abnormalities come and go and are found in different regions of the lung. Therefore, the evaluation of persistent may be different than for truly recurrent pneumonia.. Common cause of recurrent pneumonia #1: Asthma. The mechanism is viral infection that produces both fever and an asthma exacerbation. Increased airway edema, bronchoconstriction, and excessive mucus production with mucus plugging produce the abnormalities on CXR. The fever, abnormal auscultation, and abnormal CXR lead the clinician to diagnose pneumonia. The patient with recurrent pneumonias due to repeated asthma exacerbations may have cough, wheeze, or dyspnea with triggers other than upper respiratory infection (URI), such as exercise, allergen, or irritant exposure. They may not always have fever when they have pneumonia. Their personal history may reveal ...
Children in developing country suffer the highest burden of pneumonia. However, few studies have evaluated associations between poverty and pneumonia. A prospective population-based study on pneumonia was carried out as part of the Latin America Epidemiological Assessment of Pneumococcus (LEAP study). Chest x-rays were obtained for children one to 35 months old with suspected pneumonia presenting to emergency care centers and hospital emergency rooms in Goiania, Brazil. Chest radiographs were evaluated according to WHO guidelines. Clustering of radiologically-confirmed pneumonia were evaluated using a Poisson-based spatial scan statistic. Associations between census socioeconomic indicators and pneumonia incidence rates were analyzed using generalized linear models. From May, 2007 to May, 2009, chest radiographs were obtained from 11 521 children with clinical pneumonia; 3955 episodes were classified as radiologically-confirmed. Incidence rates were significantly higher in very low income areas (4825.2
|p||b|Pneumonia is an inflammation of the lungs that is usually caused by infection. Pneumonia can also be caused by inhaling irritants such as vomit, liquids, or chemicals.|/b| With pneumonia, the air sacs in the lungs fill with liquid or pus, which interferes with the lungs ability to transfer oxygen to the blood.|/p| |p| Before the invention of antibiotics in the 1930s, pneumonia was a leading cause of death. Though it has since become very treatable, pneumonia remains a public health problem.|/p| |p| There are many different kinds of pneumonia, ranging from mild to severe. There are 4 basic types: |/p| |ul| |li||b|Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP),|/b| the most common type of pneumonia, is caused by bacteria, viruses, and other organisms that are acquired outside of the hospital or other health care settings. |/li| |li||b|Hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP)|/b| occurs at least 48 hours after someone has been admitted to the hospital. It can be caused by bacteria and other organisms that are
Is it a cold, influenza, or pneumonia? Medscape. · is it a chilly, influenza, or pneumonia? W. Steven pray, phd, dph; joshua j. Pray strolling pneumonia, normally because of mycoplasma, produces. strolling pneumonia. On foot pneumonia lower back ache search now! Over eighty five million site visitors. Pneumonia and backache ? Yahoo answers. · hi all, my accomplice had pneumonia 3 weeks in the past, it all regarded to solve adequate, however the day prior to this he began with a terrible backache, he reveals it. taking walks pneumonia taking walks pneumonia. Search outcomes. Locate information, signs & treatments. Depended on by means of 50 million visitors. Pneumonia causes, signs, diagnosis, treatment. Pneumonia is a severe and potentially deadly bacterial or viral infection of the lungs causes, symptoms, prognosis, remedy. Pneumonia and backache ? Yahoo solutions. Pneumonia is a lung contamination which can make you very sick. You can cough, run a fever, and feature a hard time ...
Attend the Online Webinar on Pneumonia and Its Homoeopathic Management - Part 1 by Dr. Sanjay Modi. Know the Pathophysiology, Viral Pneumonia from COVID-19, and cases.
Some pneumonia can often be prevented with vaccines against Hib and pneumococcus. Measles and pertussis (whooping cough) infections can result in pneumonia complications, so vaccinating against these childhood diseases can prevent some pneumonia cases. Inexpensive antibiotics can effectively treat pneumonia at the community level. Early recognition and early management are very important. If pneumonia cannot be managed at the health centre, then early referral to a better health centre can become life saving at times. But all cases dont need highest level of medical care. Pneumonia can be effectively managed (depending upon the condition) by providing home-based care. Early recognition of signs by family members, or by those who look after the child, that a child needs medical attention without delay at an appropriate health centre, are crucial. Aseptic and clean environment should be maintained to raise the child and those who are caring for the child should wash their hands properly, wash ...
Pneumonia has traditionally been classified into two subtypes: community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) and nosocomial pneumonia (NP). Recently, a new entity has been defined, called healthcare-associated pneumonia (HCAP). Few studies have investigated the potential of population-based, electronic, healthcare databases to identify the incidences of these three subtypes of pneumonia. The aim of this study was to estimate the burden of the three subtypes of pneumonia in elderly patients (aged 65+ years) in a large region of central Italy. A retrospective cohort study was performed using linked regional Hospital Information System and Mortality Register. All episodes of pneumonia in elderly patients, who were discharged from the hospital in 2006-2008, were selected for the study. Following a validated ICD-9-coding algorithm, incidents of pneumonia events were classified into three groups (HCAP; probable nosocomial pneumonia, PNP; and CAP). Hospitalisation rates were calculated by age group (65-79, 80+), gender,
Today is the first World Pneumonia Day (WPD).To demonstrate your solidarity with the millions of children who are afflicted with pneumonia every year, WPD asks that you wear blue jeans to school, work, or wherever you go on this day.. WPD has organized a Global Pneumonia Summit of over 100 media representatives, scientists, political leaders, donors, and public health organizations in New York City, a national press conference on pneumonia in Bangladesh, a Run for Child Survival in Kenya, a film screening in Baltimore, a launch of a new pneumonia treatment policy in Uganda, and much more.. Every 15 seconds, a child dies from pneumonia.Of the four million lives claimed by it every year, two million are children under the age of five.Of these two million children who die from pneumonia annually, an estimated 98% live in developing countries.. Pneumonia, an infection of the lungs that causes coughing, fever, and difficulty breathing, is often caused by bacteria (such as Hib and pneumococcus), ...
This Pneumonia Severity Index (PSI) calculator diagnoses community acquired pneumonia and stratifies mortality and morbidity risk through physical and laboratory findings.
Calf pneumonia can have a significant impact on the productivity and profitability of both dairy and beef herds.. The disease leads to reduced growth rates in cattle, increased calf mortality, increased labour requirements to look after affected calves and added costs from treatment.. And even if the animals do survive an outbreak, pneumonia can cause long-term problems because lung function is impaired.. By and large the disease affects younger animals, but it can also pose a threat to adult cattle, particularly in the dairy herd.. By understanding the factors which initiate pneumonia, farmers can take steps to minimise them and reduce infection rates across the herd.. What is pneumonia?. Pneumonia is an inflammation of the lungs, which can cause permanent damage and even death in cattle. Pneumonia can be viral or bacterial in origin, but most often viral infection is first followed by bacterial infection.. The virus or viruses impair the animals ability to get rid of the bacteria they are ...
Washington, Feb 18 (ANI): Vitamin E supplementation may decrease or increase, or may have no effect, on the risk of pneumonia depending on the level of smoking and leisure time exercise, according to a study. In laboratory studies, vitamin
There are two types of pneumonia we talk about in medicine. The first is typical pneumonia or community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). This type generally affects young children and older adults and can make you very sick over a short period of time. The top three bacteria usually associated with this type of pneumonia are Streptococcus pneumonia (different from the Strep that causes Strep throat), Haemophilus influenza and Moraxella catarrhalis that account for about 85% of the two to four million cases per year.. Symptoms include cough, fever, chest pain when taking deep breaths, trouble breathing and a lot of mucus production. These infections are normally treated with antibiotics once the illness is found to be bacterial and may require hospitalization depending on how bad the symptoms are.. The other type is atypical pneumonia, more commonly known as walking pneumonia. It gets this moniker because the symptoms are generally less severe than typical pneumonia, allowing those infected to ...
This study was performed to estimate the effect of he ptavalent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV7) on the pneumonia admission rate in children younger than 5 years of age, after the introduction of
Pneumonia is an infection in one or both lungs. Its caused by germs, such as bacteria and viruses, and fungi. Some people develop pneumonia by coming in contact with germs in the course of daily life, such as at school, work, or the gym. This is sometimes called community-acquired pneumonia. Others develop pneumonia during a stay in the hospital. This is called hospital-acquired pneumonia. And still others develop pneumonia following some type of contact with the health care system.
Diagnosis of childhood pneumonia: clinical assessment without radiological confirmation may lead to overtreatment.: Treatment of childhood pneumonia on the basi
respiration monitor will undergo further research and validation as part of the ongoing project.. Accounting for over 15 percent of child mortality worldwide, India loses a child every minute to pneumonia. Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Assam and Bihar are some of the main pneumonia prone states in the country. Each year, the infection kills more children than AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis combined and remains the leading infectious cause of death among children under five years of age. Global child health organizations like UNICEF have made pneumonia a key area of focus in its effort to reduce child mortality in underdeveloped countries throughout the world.. One important aspect in diagnosing pneumonia is monitoring a childs breathing rate. In developing countries, community health workers manually count how many breaths a child takes in the span of one minute. The Philips Childrens Automated Respiration Monitor converts chest movements detected by accelerometers into accurate ...
Recurrent pneumonia (RP), i.e., at least two episodes of pneumonia in one year or three episodes ever with intercritical radiographic clearing of densities, occurs in 7.7%-9% of children with community-acquired pneumonia. In RP, the challenge is to discriminate between children with self-limiting or minor problems, that do not require a diagnostic work-up, and those with an underlying disease. The aim of the current review is to discuss a reasoned diagnostic approach to RP in childhood. Particular emphasis has been placed on which children should undergo a diagnostic work-up and which tests should be performed. A pediatric case series is also presented, in order to document a single centre experience of RP. A management algorithm for the approach to children with RP, based on the evidence from a literature review, is proposed. Like all algorithms, it is not meant to replace clinical judgment, but it should drive physicians to adopt a systematic approach to pediatric RP and provide a useful guide to the
Cases reported • Pneumonia; Experimental Lung Inflammation; Lobar Pneumonia; Lung Inflammation; Pneumonia, Lobar; Pneumonitis; Pulmonary Inflammation. On-line free medical diagnosis assistant. Ranked list of possible diseases from either several symptoms or a full patient history. A similarity measure between symptoms and diseases is provided.
The patient was admitted for pneumonia to the medical service and provided with intravenous antibiotics. The patient was admitted to the medical service and provided with intravenous antibiotics. Blood cultures grew Streptococcus gordonii. A transthoracic echocardiogram demonstrated the presence of a tricuspid vegetation. She was presumed to have both a community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) and long-standing endocarditis. Pneumonia remains a common cause of death in the United States and is associated with considerable morbidity and mortality, particularly in elderly and immunocompromised patients. Common causes of pneumonia include Streptococcus pneumoniae and respiratory viruses.1 A growing body of literature demonstrates the superiority of thoracic ultrasound over plain radiography in the identification of pneumonia. Classic ultrasound findings of pneumonia include air or fluid bronchograms, focal B-lines, pleural effusions, and sub-pleural consolidations.2 These unique findings were recognized ...
Pneumonia. Children with pneumonia can be diagnosed clinically or radiographically. Children typically cannot expectorate mucus until at least 8 years of age, therefore clinical signs of pneumonia may include vomiting and abdominal pain, in addition to more typical symptoms of fever, cough, malaise, and tachypnea. While a chest radiograph may show an area of consolidation, radiographic findings often lag behind clinical findings, so a normal chest radiograph is common in the setting of early clinical pneumonia. Narrow-spectrum antibiotics (eg, amoxicillin) should be initiated for routine community-acquired pneumonia. Patients with pneumonia complicated by hypoxemia, pleural effusions, or signs of empyema likely will require additional care past the scope of an urgent care center.. Pulmonary Embolus (PE). Patients with PE generally present with dyspnea, pleurisy, and chest pain. An ECG may show right heart strain pattern (S1Q3T3) or other signs of right heart overload (ST-T wave changes); ...
Confirming the high pneumonia risk in lupus patients, researchers in Spain have found that it may precede the onset of the immune disorder. Their biological studies suggest that a particular underlying immune abnormality may explain both.
Pneumonia can be classified in several ways, most commonly by where it was acquired (hospital versus community), but may also by the area of lung affected or by the causative organism. There is also a combined clinical classification, which combines factors such as age, risk factors for certain microorganisms, the presence of underlying lung disease or systemic disease, and whether the person has recently been hospitalized. Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is infectious pneumonia in a person who has not recently been hospitalized. CAP is the most common type of pneumonia. The most common causes of CAP vary depending on a persons age, but they include Streptococcus pneumoniae, viruses, the atypical bacteria, and Haemophilus influenzae. Overall, Streptococcus pneumoniae is the most common cause of community-acquired pneumonia worldwide. Gram-negative bacteria cause CAP in certain at-risk populations. CAP is the fourth most common cause of death in the United Kingdom and the sixth in the United ...
On November 14, 2019, United Nations new report on Pneumonia stated that India has the second largest deaths of children under the age of five due to Pneumonia in 2018
Accounting for more than one million under-five deaths each year [7], pneumonia is the leading killer of children under the age of five worldwide, claiming more lives [8] than AIDS, malaria, and tuberculosis combined. This years World Pneumonia Day (WPD) theme is universal access to pneumonia prevention and care. In commemoration of WPD, child health advocates are calling for pneumonia control through proven interventions that protect against, prevent, and treat pneumonia. Through our work in community case management (CCM) and expanding access to amoxicillin, the US Agency for International Development [9] (USAID)-funded, MSH-led Systems for Improved Access to Pharmaceuticals and Services [10] (SIAPS) Program uses a systems-strengthening approach [11] to expand universal access to pneumonia prevention and care.. One of the most significant changes in pneumonia treatment guidelines is the World Health Organization (WHO) recommendation [12] to use dispersible amoxicillin tablets as first-line ...
This study investigated the clinical value of chest radiographs during the 4-week period after diagnosis of severe community acquired pneumonia (CAP) in immune competent hospitalised patients. The time to resolution of pulmonary infiltrates and other radiographic abnormalities caused by infection was compared with resolution of clinical parameters, and factors associated with delayed resolution were identified.. Two hundred and eighty-eight hospitalised patients were followed up between July 2000 and June 2003. Severe pneumonia was defined as a pneumonia severity index score of ,90 or according to the American Thoracic Society definition. Patients were treated according to the Dutch guidelines for CAP management. The time for clearance of chest radiographic abnormalities was estimated from chest radiographs taken at 0, 7 and 28 days. Clearance of chest radiographic abnormalities lagged considerably behind clinical improvement at all the assessment time intervals. Raised C-reactive protein levels ...
The novel, siderophore antibiotic cefiderocol showed efficacy as a stand-alone therapy in the treatment of critically ill patients with nosocomial pneumonia at risk for multidrug resistant Gram-negative infections. In the randomized, international, phase 3 APEKS-nosocomial pneumonia (APEKS-NP) trial, cefiderocol (Fetroja, Shionogi Inc.) was non-inferior to the broad-spectrum carbapenem-antibiotic meropenem in the treatment of seriously ill adults with nosocomial pneumonia for the outcome of day 14 all-cause mortality. All-cause mortality at day 28 was also similar between the two treatment groups, and was similar for the two drugs across the evaluated subgroups. Study findings, published online Oct. 12 in The Lancet Infectious Diseases, support cefiderocol as a potential treatment option for critically ill patients with nosocomial pneumonia who are at risk of infection from multidrug-resistant Gram-negative pathogens, wrote researcher Richard G. Wunderink, MD, of Northwestern University ...
Pneumonia is a common lung infection caused by bacteria, a virus or fungi. Most healthy people recover from pneumonia in one to three weeks, but pneumonia can be life-threatening. The good news is that pneumonia can be prevented-by getting an annual flu shot, frequently washing your hands, and for people at high risk, getting a vaccine for pneumococcal pneumonia.
Strategies to Prevent Ventilator Associated Pneumonia in Acute Care Hospitals: 2014 Update Case Study of Spina Bifida 1. We conducted active population based surveillance for community acquired pneumonia requiring hospitalization among adults 18 years of age or older in five. AIDS case is classified as early if the death occurred before 5 June 1981, when the AIDS epidemic was formally. Heres another reason to go: Twice yearly dental visits may reduce levels of dangerous, pneumonia causing bacteria in the mouth, resPneumonia Definition Pneumonia is an infection of the lung that can be caused by nearly any class of organism known to cause human infections! Embase is a comprehensive biomedical literature database, clarify your biomedical research questions! Heres another reason to go: Twice yearly dental visits may reduce levels of dangerous, pneumonia causing bacteria in the mouth, resThis article is a timeline of early AIDS cases? Ese include. Defining Pneumonia by Location in the Lung. Base ...
The outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has rapidly spread to become a worldwide emergency. Early identification of patients at risk of progression may facilitate more individually aligned treatment plans and optimized utilization of medical resource. Here we conducted a multicenter retrospective study involving patients with moderate COVID-19 pneumonia to investigate the utility of chest computed tomography (CT) and clinical characteristics to risk-stratify the patients. Our results show that CT severity score is associated with inflammatory levels and that older age, higher neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), and CT severity score on admission are independent risk factors for short-term progression. The nomogram based on these risk factors shows good calibration and discrimination in the derivation and validation cohorts. These findings have implications for predicting the progression risk of COVID-19 pneumonia patients at the time of admission. CT examination may help risk
Before routine use of pneumococcal conjugate vaccine, infections caused more than 700 cases of meningitis, 13,000 blood infections and about 5 million ear infections each year in the U.S. The infection also contributed to about 200 deaths each year, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. After PCV7 was licensed, the rate of invasive pneumococcal disease such as meningitis and blood infections decreased by 76 percent among children 5 years and younger, according to the CDC. The impact of PCV7 on pneumonia has been more difficult to evaluate, said Dr. Shah, because of the specific cause of pneumonia is sometimes difficult to determine.. The rate of hospitalizations for community-acquired pneumonia in the first year of life declined by 22 percent from 1997 to 2006, according to the study. Conversely, the rate of hospitalizations for pneumonia in children 6 to 12 increased 22 percent, and for children over 13 the rate increased by more than 40 percent. Lung complications ...
Background: Although antibiotics are recommended for the primary care management of community-acquired pneumonia, a recent UK study reported that most children admitted to hospital had not received antibiotics. Objective: To describe primary care antibiotic use for children subsequently hospitalised with community-acquired pneumonia. Design/methods: A case series of 280 children |5 years old hospitalised with pneumonia in Auckland, New Zealand. Pneumonia was defined as an acute illness with cough or respiratory distress, the presence of tachypnoea or indrawing and an abnormal chest radiograph. Receipt of antibiotics was determined by parental report and medical record review. Results: Fewer than half (108, 39%) of the children had received an antibiotic before hospital admission. For 60 children (21%) there had been no opportunity to prescribe because the illness evolved rapidly, resulting in early hospital admission. For the remaining 112 children (40%) an opportunity to receive antibiotics was missed.
Objective. To investigate the value of CT in complicated childhood pneumonia and its role in early intervention when chest radiography (CXR) is non-contributory. Materials and methods. Forty-two immunocompetent children, aged 1-11 years, admitted for community-acquired pneumonia from October 1997 to September 1999, had 42 contrast-enhanced CT scans and frontal chest radiographs on the same day, which were assessed independently. CT was performed when the patient remained unwell and the CXR images showed failure of resolution despite 7-10 days of antibiotics and/or drainage with urokinase therapy. Results. Compared to CT, CXR revealed suboptimal accuracy rates of lobar involvement (84%), chest tube placement (73%), fluid loculation (42%), abscess formation (40%) and bronchopleural fistulae (33%). It could not assess parenchymal or pleural complications such as cavitary necrosis, early abscess formation, empyemas or pericardial effusions. On the basis of the CT findings and poor clinical progress, 16
Children below the age of 5 years are at a heightened risk of pneumonia. There are simple and practical modifications in our daily lives that can considerably reduce the risk of childhood pneumonia, such as, keeping the child warm and dry, away from those with infections such as cold or cough, not exposing the child to smoke (tobacco smoke, smoke from cook stoves), breastfeeding (exclusive) the child for first six months, among others. Children should be taken to healthcare services on the first symptom such as fever or cold. If the child is not breastfeeding then instead of giving her or him other home-made food please consult a doctor without delay. If the healthcare provider is recommending hospitalization for the child then dont avoid it unless indicated otherwise. Maintaining strict hygiene and cleanliness is also important for child care and preventing pneumonia and other infections ...
Pneumonia: Find the most comprehensive real-world symptom and treatment data on pneumonia at PatientsLikeMe. 1238 patients with pneumonia experience fatigue, depressed mood, pain, anxious mood, and insomnia and use Azithromycin, Hydrocodone-Acetaminophen, Gabapentin, Levofloxacin, and Lorazepam to treat their pneumonia and its symptoms.
Altered Mental Status & Hypotension & Recurrent Pneumonia due to Aspiration Symptom Checker: Possible causes include Hypotension. Check the full list of possible causes and conditions now! Talk to our Chatbot to narrow down your search.
Who is at risk? Anyone with a cold or prolonged illness can easily contract pneumonia. Healthy persons may also be exposed to it simply through normal daily activities. Anyone with an impaired immune system is at greater risk of contracting pneumonia. Persons who have suffered a stroke or seizure are at risk of developing pneumonia due to the aspiration of food, vomit or other particles from the mouth or nose into the lungs.. Treatment In addition to performing a physical exam, your doctor might order a chest x-ray and blood test to help diagnose pneumonia or to determine its severity. Bacterial pneumonia will be treated with antibiotics, but typical pneumonia symptoms are treated with rest, sleep and liquids for up to three weeks. Other medications may be useful for treating the symptoms associated with pneumonia such as cough, fever and wheezing.. Emergency Warning Signs: When should I see a doctor? Seek treatment right away if mucus coughed up from your lungs runs yellow or green for more ...
The cohort comprised community-dwelling, immunocompetent patients aged 65 to 94 years, including 1173 individuals with community-acquired pneumonia that occurred between the date the influenza vaccine first became available and the end of that years influenza season, and 2346 age- and sex-matched controls.. After controlling for comorbidities, frailty, medication use, and smoking, vaccination was not associated with a significant reduction in the risk of pneumonia. The same held true for analyses restricted to the peak influenza seasons and for pneumonia cases requiring hospital admission.. The investigators propose two possibilities to explain their findings: Either influenza causes a small proportion of pneumonia incidents, or else the vaccine is not very effective in reducing risk of influenza infection in elderly people at risk of pneumonia.. In a Lancet commentary, Dr. Edward A. Belongia, at the Marshfield Clinic Research Foundation in Marshfield, Wisconsin, and Dr. David K. Shay at the US ...
Pneumonia (along with influenza) is the 6th prime explanation for loss of life in adults. approximately four million adults advance pneumonia every year in the united states, leading to sixty four million days of constrained task, 39 million days of mattress confinement, and 10 million days of misplaced paintings. but the admission premiums to clinic, size of remain, investigations, antimicrobial treatment and prevention options differ drastically from one geographic quarter to the following, and the medical foundation for lots of of our administration ideas for pneumonia is vulnerable to nonexistent. There are over a hundred microbial brokers which can reason pneumonia and plenty of of those, in particular Streptococcus pneumoniae, team A streptococcus, and Staphylococcus aureus, are in a country of flux when it comes to altering antimicrobial resistance. This publication is designed to supply new information regarding pneumonia and establish severe study questions that may come to the fore as ...
pneumonia vaccine - MedHelps pneumonia vaccine Center for Information, Symptoms, Resources, Treatments and Tools for pneumonia vaccine. Find pneumonia vaccine information, treatments for pneumonia vaccine and pneumonia vaccine symptoms.
I am 27 years old, and have a 34 degree S- curve that was diagnosed at age 12 as idiopathic pneumonia. Although the curve itself hasnt bothered me beyond making me sore after intense exercise, I have been having reoccurring pneumonia now for 5 years and we think there may be a link between this and the scoliosis. Has anyone else had this problem?. The type of pneumonia I have is typical streptococcus bacteria pneumonia, but an array of antibiotics are not curing it as they should in a relatively healthy 27 year old. A CT scan shows that the pneumonia hasnt moved in the last 2 years, and I get a flare up of pneumonia symptoms about 1x a month which either keeps me out of work for 3-5 days with someone caring for me, or puts me in the hospital. For the last two years I have had to seriously cut back exercise and after work activities as long days and exercise seem to bring on the symptoms more frequently. My pulmonologist hasnt found anything beyond the strepto-pneumo when going in for a ...
Health,Infections like pneumonia can be caused when a persons immune system ... Previous research has found that HIV-infected people are more lik... While alcohol abuse is known to impair immune defenses he said ... The key issue with alcohol consumption and HIV/AIDS is when to star...,Chronic,binge,drinking,can,hasten,HIV,development,medicine,medical news today,latest medical news,medical newsletters,current medical news,latest medicine news
BioAssay record AID 423142 submitted by ChEMBL: Effect on pulmonary inflammation in BALB/c mouse lung assessed as change in peribronchiolar inflammation after 5 days by histopathological analysis.
Comparison of treatment outcomes in community acquired pneumonia patients treated with beta lactam macrolide combination versus fluoroquinolone monotherapy ...
Recent research from McMaster Universitys Michael G. DeGroote School of Medicine published online Monday in the Annals of Internal Medicine suggests that pneumonia patients have significant benefits from corticosteroid therapy.
Why Were We Focused on Pneumonia? Influenza kills 36,000 people in the US per year Community-Acquired Pneumonia (CAP) kills 10,000 people in the US per year Over 1400 pneumonia patients admit to NMH each year; over 100 patients with a diagnosis code indicating pneumonia die The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) measures our ability to meet evidence-based care guidelines In FY2007, NMH compliance with the aggregate pneumonia core measure set was 65% D M A I C
Looking for online definition of Pneumonia Severity Index in the Medical Dictionary? Pneumonia Severity Index explanation free. What is Pneumonia Severity Index? Meaning of Pneumonia Severity Index medical term. What does Pneumonia Severity Index mean? 5. Arnold FW, Wiemken TL, Peyrani P, et al. Mortality differences among hospitalized patients with community-acquired pneumonia in three world regions: results from the Community-Acquired Pneumonia Organization (CAPO) International Cohort Study. Respir Med 2013;107:1101-11.. 6. Mortensen EM, Coley CM, Singer DE, et al. Causes of death for patients with community-acquired pneumonia: results from the Pneumonia Patient Outcomes Research Team cohort study. Arch Intern Med 2002;162:1059-64.. 7. Bordon J, Wiemken T, Peyrani P, et al. Decrease in long-term survival for hospitalized patients with community-acquired pneumonia. Chest 2010;138:279-83.. 8. Mortensen EM, Halm EA, Pugh MJ, et al. Association of azithromycin with mortality and cardiovascular events among older patients hospitalized with pneumonia. JAMA 2014;311:2199-208.. 9. Aliberti S, Ramirez JA. Cardiac diseases complicating community-acquired pneumonia. Curr Opin Infect Dis ...
Hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP) or nosocomial pneumonia refers to any pneumonia contracted by a patient in a hospital at least 48-72 hours after being admitted. It is thus distinguished from community-acquired pneumonia. It is usually caused by a bacterial infection, rather than a virus. HAP is the second most common nosocomial infection (after urinary tract infections) and accounts for 15-20% of the total. It is the most common cause of death among nosocomial infections and is the primary cause of death in intensive care units. HAP typically lengthens a hospital stay by 1-2 weeks. New or progressive infiltrate on the chest X-ray with one of the following: Fever > 37.8 °C (100 °F) Purulent sputum Leukocytosis > 10,000 cells/μl In an elderly person, the first sign of hospital-acquired pneumonia may be mental changes or confusion. Other symptoms may include: A cough with greenish or pus-like phlegm (sputum) Fever and chills General discomfort, uneasiness, or ill feeling (malaise) Loss of ...
Zinc is an essential element required for the cell metabolism, including immunity. Therefore Zinc deficiency leads to susceptibility to infections and may affect pulmonary epithelial cell integrity. Many investigators have used zinc supplementation to see its effect on various diseases mainly diarrheal diseases and severe pneumonia. This study aims to evaluate the effect of oral Zinc supplementation in treatment and prevention of recurrent pneumonia. 506 Children aged 2 months to 60 months admitted during September 2011 to August 2014 for recurrent pneumonia with no other underlying illness in the Pediatric department of Manipal Teaching Hospital, Pokhara, Nepal were observed. Along with standard antibiotic treatment one group [Group I] received zinc (10 mg for | 6 months and 20 mg for ≥ 6 months for 10 days) and another group [Group II] did not receive Zinc. The primary outcome like resolution of tachypnea, chest in drawing, hypoxia, starting of oral feeds and hospital stay was noted. All cases were
TY - JOUR. T1 - Comparative study on the effectiveness of bacampicillin and amoxicillin on pneumonia by double blind method. AU - Shiota, Kenzo. AU - Miki, Fumio. AU - Asai, Tomokazu. AU - Kubo, Kenji. AU - Kono, Masakazu. AU - Takamatsu, Kenji. AU - Kato, Yasumichi. AU - Saito, Akira. AU - Nakayama, Ichiro. AU - Tomizawa, Masumi. AU - Shimizu, Tatsunori. AU - Nagahama, Fumio. AU - Koroku, Tetsushi. AU - Yasuda, Shinya. AU - Mikami, Takashi. AU - Konno, Norimichi. AU - Yokota, Yasumasa. AU - Tsuji, Masahiro. AU - Harada, Kazunori. AU - Abe, Seiji. AU - Takebe, Kazuo. AU - Imamura, Kenichi. AU - Sakakura, Muneki. AU - Kobayashi, Masayoshi. AU - Kimura, Kenichi. AU - Yoshida, Shuichiro. AU - Hirai, Ichiro. AU - Kosaka, Shiro. AU - Yoshioka, Mitsuaki. AU - Takishima, Hitoshi. AU - Arai, Sumio. AU - Konno, Kiyoshi. AU - Oizumi, Kotaro. AU - Watanabe, Akira. AU - Aonuma, Seiichi. AU - Takeda, Hajimu. AU - Kawashima, Shiro. AU - Sekine, Osamu. AU - Usuda, Yoshimaru. AU - Aoki, Nobuki. AU - Kanazawa, ...
The success rate of the clinical response to treatment of severe nosocomial pneumonia in patients requiring mechanical ventilation was not significantly different between ciprofloxacin (29/41, 71%) and imipenem (27/34, 79%). This was true for the study population and the intent-to-treat population. No differences were found in the bacterial response rate to ciprofloxacin (20/49, 49%) or imipenem (17/34, 50%) in this study population.. Despite the introduction of potent broad spectrum antimicrobial agents and the use of preventive measures, nosocomial pneumonia remains an important cause of mortality and morbidity in the ICU.1 28 29 The causative microorganism varies according to the individual patient risk profile. The severity, type, and number of risk factors and the time of onset of nosocomial pneumonia may influence the risk profiles. Gram negative bacilli, Enterobacteriaceae,H influenzae, and methicillin sensitiveS aureus are frequent causative agents in nosocomial pneumonia. P aeruginosa ...
Plasma YKL-40 level has been reported as playing a significant role in community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). However, the correlation between plasma level of YKL-40 and the severity of CAP has not been reported. This study identifies the relationship between plasma level changes of the YKL-40 gene in adult patients hospitalized with CAP. The ELISA was used to measure the plasma YKL-40 level from 61 adult CAP patients before and after antibiotic treatment and from 60 healthy controls. The plasma YKL-40 levels were significantly increased in patients with CAP compared to normal controls. Moreover, the plasma concentration of YKL-40 correlated with the severity of CAP based on the pneumonia severity index (PSI) score (r = 0.630, p < 0.001), the CURB-65 (confusion, uremia, respiratory rate, BP, age 65 years) score (r = 0.640, p < 0.001), the Acute Physiology And Chronic Health Evaluation II (APACHE II) score (r = 0.539, p < 0.001) and length of hospital stay (r = 0.321, p = 0.011), respectively. In
Pneumonia is a serious infection or inflammation of the lungs. The air sacs in the lungs fill with pus and other liquids. Oxygen has trouble reaching your blood. If there is too little oxygen in your blood, your body cells cant work properly. Because of this, combined with spread of infection through the body, pneumonia can cause death.. Until 1936, pneumonia was the number one cause of death in the United States, although, since then, use of antibiotics brought it under control.. Nevertheless, in 1997, pneumonia and influenza combined ranked as the sixth leading causes of death.. Pneumonia affects your lungs in two ways. Lobar pneumonia affects a section (lobe) of a lung. Bronchial pneumonia (or bronchopneumonia) affects patches throughout both lungs.. Pneumonia is not a single disease. It can have over 30 different causes. There are five main causes of pneumonia:. ¦ Bacteria.. ¦ Viruses.. ¦ Mycoplasmas.. ¦ Other infectious agents, such as fungi, including pneumocystis.. ¦ Various ...
Meystre S, Gouripeddi R, Tieder J, Simmons J, Srivastava R, Shah S. Enhancing Comparative Effectiveness Research With Automated Pediatric Pneumonia Detection in a Multi-Institutional Clinical Repository: A PHIS+ Pilot Study. J Med Internet Res. 2017 May 15;19(5):e162.. ...
Background: Pneumonia is a leading cause of mortality in children. Despite more than 50% of pneumonias are due to viruses, because it is difficult to rule out bacterial etiology, initial management of pneumonia in children usually includes antibiotics, often unnecessary. In 2006 was designed and validated a clinical prediction rule (BPS: Bacterial Pneumonia Score) which accurately identifies hospitalized childrens risk of bacterial pneumonia. However, BPS efficacy on guiding therapeutic decision in children with community acquired pneumonia (CAP) has not been yet assessed.. Aim: The aim of this study is to test if BPS guided antibiotic use in children with non severe community acquired pneumonia will reduce antibiotic use as compared to standard care practice (current guidelines for CAP) Design: This is a randomized, controlled, blinded trial, to assess antibiotics use regarding two methods for initial management of children aged 3-60 months with non severe community acquired pneumonia. ...
Blasi F, Aliberti S, Pappalettera M, Tarsia P. 100 years of respiratory medicine: pneumonia. Respir Med. 2007;101(5):875-881.. Community-acquired pneumonia in adults. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: Accessed January 29, 2021. De Roux A, Marcos MA, Garcia E, et al. Viral community-acquired pneumonia in non-immunocompromised adults. Chest. 2004;125(4):1343-1351.. Immunization schedules. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: Accessed January 29, 2021.. Niederman MS. Recent advances in community-acquired pneumonia inpatient and outpatient. Chest. 2007;131(4):1205-1215.. Niederman MS. Review of treatment guidelines for community-acquired pneumonia. Am J Med. 2004;117:Suppl 3A:51S-57S.. Pneumonia. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute website. Available at: Accessed January 29, ...
Streptococcus pneumoniae is a major causative agent in community-acquired pneumonia and sepsis. Overwhelming lung inflammation during pneumococcal pneumonia may hamper lung function. Ibrutinib is an irreversible inhibitor of Brutons tyrosine kinase (Btk), a key signaling protein controlling the activation of various immune cells, including macrophages and neutrophils. The aim of this study was to determine whether ibrutinib treatment ameliorates acute lung inflammation during pneumococcal pneumonia. Mice were treated orally with ibrutinib and the effect on acute pulmonary inflammation elicited by the gram-positive bacterial cell wall component lipoteichoic acid (LTA) and during ceftriaxone-treated pneumococcal pneumonia was assessed. Treatment with ibrutinib prior to and after intranasal LTA instillation reduced alveolar macrophage activation, neutrophil influx, cytokine release and plasma leakage into the lung. Postponed treatment with ibrutinib supplementing antibiotic therapy during ongoing
Currently, correctly diagnosing pneumonia and understanding how severe it is requires specialist doctors and expensive equipment like X-ray machines. Neither is available to community health workers in developing nations, where 99% of the annual 1.1 million childhood pneumonia deaths happen.. Elina Naydenova from Oxford Universitys Institute for Biomedical Engineering explained, With the nearest hospital hours away, generalist health workers depend on a set of guidelines known as IMCI. These can sometimes be good at identifying cases of pneumonia but not so good at screening out cases that are not pneumonia. There is also huge variability across users. In settings, where there isnt a clinical expert to set a conclusive diagnosis, the number of unnecessary antibiotic prescriptions has increased as a result -- depleting vital drug supplies and adding to the problem of antibiotic-resistant infections. We wanted to apply smart engineering to develop a robust automated system that was consistently ...
Pneumonia is the leading infectious cause of death in developed countries. Among the vast diversity of respiratory pathogens, fungi account for only a small portion of community-acquired and nosocomial pneumonias.
...WALTHAM Mass. Dec. 8 /- Decision Resources one of the ...The new Pharmacor report entitled Community-Acquired Pneumonia ... Two of the most clinically and commercially promising antibiotics in ...The report also finds that the community-acquired pneumonia market is ...,Patent,Expiries,of,Blockbuster,Antibiotics,Will,Fuel,a,Decline,of,More,Than,15,Percent,in,the,Community-Acquired,Pneumonia,Drug,Market,medicine,advanced medical technology,medical laboratory technology,medical device technology,latest medical technology,Health
A study to assess the frequency of CRB65 scoring in patients diagnosed with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in primary care has been recently published in the Dove Press journal Pragmatic and Observational Research[1].. Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is a leading infectious cause of death worldwide.[2] CAP requires a severity assessment for diagnosis and treatment, particularly in hospital admission decisions. As an increased mortality rate is associated with a delay in admissions to the intensive care unit in severe CAP cases, it is critical that treatment is based on the severity of CAP to improve treatment outcomes. Both the British Thoracic Society (BTS) and the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) recommend that the CRB65 scoring system to be used for this purpose due to its high levels of accuracy. The score assigns one score for each component of confusion, respiratory rate, blood pressure and age of 65 years or more, up to a maximum of 4. However, not much is ...
Other bacteria which will bring about pneumonia consist of Staphylococcus aureus, Moraxella catarrhalis, Streptococcus pyogenes, Neisseria meningitidis, Klebsiella pneumoniae, and Haemophilus influenzae. Viral Pneumonia Most respiratory viruses attack the upper respiratory tract, but some trigger pneumonia, especially in youngsters. Most of these pneumonias are usually not critical and last a quick time but other individuals might be extreme. Viral pneumonia caused by the influenza virus may perhaps be extreme and often fatal. The virus invades the lungs and multiplies; nonetheless, youll find nearly no physical indicators of lung tissue getting to be stuffed with fluid. This pneumonia is most significant in individuals who have pre-existing heart or lung disease and pregnant females. In severe cases, the patient includes a desperate want for air and extreme breathlessness. Viral pneumonias might be difficult by an invasion of bacteria, with every one of the normal signs of bacterial pneumonia. ...
The Outpatient Community-Acquired Pneumonia in Adults GUIDELINES Pocket Card is based on the latest guidelines of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
References 1. Bartlett JG, Dowell SF, Mandell LA, et al; Infectious Diseases Society of America. Practice guidelines for the management of community-acquired pneumonia. Clin Infect Dis. 2000;31:347-382. 2. National Center for Health Statistics. Health, United States, 2006. Available at: Accessed June 6, 2007.3. DeFrances CJ, Podgornik MN. 2004 National hospital discharge survey. Adv Data. 2006;317:1-19. 4. Division of Epidemiology. National Heart Lung and Blood Institute. Morbidity and mortality: 2004 chartbook on cardiovascular, lung and blood diseases. May 2004. 5. Mandell LA, Wunderink RG, Anzueto A, et al. Infectious Diseases Society of America/American Thoracic Society consensus guidelines on the management of community-acquired pneumonia in adults. Clin Infect Dis. 2007;44(suppl 2):S27-S72. 6. Mandell GL, Bennett JE, Dolin R. Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases. 6th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Churchill Livingstone; 2005:819-845. 7. Marrie TJ, ...
TABLE: Emerging Therapies in Development for Community-Acquired Pneumonia, 2004 summarizes emerging antibacterial agents in late-stage development and their expected sales potential in the community-acquired pneumonia market.
Viral pneumonia. This type is caused by various viruses, including influenza, and is responsible for one-third of all cases of pneumonia. Early symptoms of viral pneumonia are the same as those of bacterial pneumonia, which may be followed by increasing breathlessness, headache, muscle pain, weakness, and a worsening of the cough.. Viral pneumonias may make a person susceptible to bacterial pneumonia.. ...
Abdominal Pain & Fainting Spells & Recurrent Pneumonia due to Aspiration Symptom Checker: Possible causes include Aspiration Pneumonia. Check the full list of possible causes and conditions now! Talk to our Chatbot to narrow down your search.
In this study, we evaluated the anti-inflammatory effect of PM014 on cigarette smoke induced lung disease in the murine animal model of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Mice were exposed to cigarette smoke (CS) for 2 weeks to induce COPD-like lung inflammation. Two hours prior to cigarette smoke exposure, the treatment group was administered PM014 via an oral injection. To investigate the effects of PM014, we assessed PM014 functions in vivo, including immune cell infiltration, cytokine profiles in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid and histopathological changes in the lung. The efficacy of PM014 was compared with that of the recently developed anti-COPD drug, roflumilast. PM014 substantially inhibited immune cell infiltration (neutrophils, macrophages, and lymphocytes) into the airway. In addition, IL-6, TNF-α and MCP-1 were decreased in the BAL fluid of PM014-treated mice compared to cigarette smoke stimulated mice. These changes were more prominent than roflumilast treated mice. The
TY - JOUR. T1 - Reliability of the validated clinical diagnosis of pneumonia on validated outcomes after intracranial hemorrhage. AU - Naidech, Andrew M.. AU - Liebling, Storm M.. AU - Duran, Isis M.. AU - Moore, Michael J.. AU - Wunderink, Richard G.. AU - Zembower, Teresa R.. PY - 2012/10. Y1 - 2012/10. N2 - Purpose: Reducing the incidence of hospital-acquired pneumonia (PNU) is important but depends on accurate assessment. We sought to determine the interrater reliability of diagnosis of PNU and its impact on resource utilization and functional outcomes in a high-risk population. Materials and Methods: Patients admitted in 2007 with intracranial hemorrhage were prospectively identified. Pneumonia was prospectively diagnosed by Centers for Disease Control criteria by a neurointensivist and infection control. An independent retrospective determination was made by a fellow, an infectious disease attending physician, and a pulmonologist after review of the electronic medical records and ...
Classically, the disease has four stages: Congestion in the first 24 hours: This stage is characterized histologically by vascular engorgement, intra-alveolar fluid, small numbers of neutrophils, often numerous bacteria.Grossly, the lung is heavy and hyperemic. In late 2018, coding guidance (and indexing) was published instructing coders to report the diagnosis of lobar pneumonia to J18.1 (Lobar pneumonia) when the pneumonia was specified to a particular lobe(s). The Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) has published guidelines for the treatment of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). 45. This review discusses diagnostic methods, empiric treatment, and infection prevention strategies for … As our understanding of this common infection grows, collaborative efforts among researchers and clinical societies provide new literature and updated guidelines informing its management. Upper-lobar focal pneumonia causes severe chills and headaches, fever, chest pain. The symptoms and signs of ...
Guerra and Baughman obtained BAL for quantitative bacterial culture at one dilution in 54 patients receiving mechanical ventilation who underwent bronchoscopy for clinical pneumonia (30 patients) or a noninfectious process (24 patients). In the pneumonia group, nine patients had an opportunistic infection and three had either Legionella or Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The remaining 18 patients were believed to have bacterial pneumonia. Using a diagnostic threshold of 104 cfu/ml, a significant growth was seen in 16 patients (89 percent) with pneumonia and in none of those without. Seventy percent of patients with pneumonia were receiving antimicrobials and none of the significant organisms (^lO cfu/ml) was sensitive to the administered antibiotic. Seventy-five percent of patients in the control group were receiving antimicrobials, and this treatment was discontinued after results of cultures were available. proventil inhaler ...
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Objectives: Acute pneumonia (AP) induces an excess of mortality among the elderly. We evaluated the value of a new predictive biomarker index compared to usual prognosis scores for predicting in-hospital and 1-year mortalities in elderly inpatients with AP. Design: Retrospective study in 6 clinical departments of a university hospital. Setting: Burgundy university hospital (France). Participants: All patients aged 75 and over with AP and hospitalized between January 1 and June 30, 2013, in the departments of medicine (5) and intensive care (1) of our university hospital. Measurements: A new index, which we named UBMo, was created by multiplying the uremia (U in the formula) by the N-terminal-pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) plasmatic rate (B), divided by the monocyte count (Mo). Results: Among the 217 patients included, there were 138 community-acquired pneumonia, 56 nursing home-acquired pneumonia, and 23 hospital-acquired pneumonia. In-hospital and 1-year mortality rates were
We read with interest the review article entitled New endotracheal tubes designed to prevent ventilator-associated pneumonia: do they make a difference? by Deem and Treggiari.1 In line with European experts,2 the American researchers state that the high VAP rate in ventilated patients is probably due to factors associated with translaryngeal intubation rather than simply an effect of patient susceptibility from severity of illness. We disagree with this expert opinion and we would argue that the severity of underlying disease is the major determinant of developing pneumonia in patients requiring treatment on the intensive care unit (ICU).3 Our statement that the sicker the patients, the higher the pneumonia rate is supported by the following quantitative data. The incidence of hospital-acquired pneumonia is approximately 5-10 per 1,000 admissions.3,4 The pneumonia rate is 7% in patients requiring treatment on ICU without endotracheal intubation, and increases to 12% in ICU patients ...
Community-acquired pneumonia substantially affects patient morbidity and mortality, and has significant health care costs. This type of pneumonia has more impact on elderly patients, who tend to have longer hospital stays and a higher cost per stay compared with younger patients. Multiple published guidelines provide physicians with information about when to admit patients with community-acquired pneumonia, which antibiotic therapy is appropriate, how long to treat, and when it is suitable to discharge patients from the hospital. These treatment strategies do not take into account the emergence of resistant organisms and the poorly understood impact of community-acquired pneumonia on younger patients. Although various studies have looked at combination antibiotic therapy, they rarely have been comparative. Brown and colleagues examined the effect of initial antibiotic therapy for community-acquired pneumonia on selected clinical outcomes.. The authors analyzed a hospital database of adult ...
Background.: Detection of pneumococcus by lytA polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in blood had poor diagnostic accuracy for diagnosing pneumococcal pneumonia in children in 9 African and Asian sites. We assessed the value of blood lytA quantification in diagnosing pneumococcal pneumonia. Methods.: The Pneumonia Etiology Research for Child Health (PERCH) case-control study tested whole blood by PCR for pneumococcus in children aged 1-59 months hospitalized with signs of pneumonia and in age-frequency matched community controls. The distribution of load among PCR-positive participants was compared between microbiologically confirmed pneumococcal pneumonia (MCPP) cases, cases confirmed for nonpneumococcal pathogens, nonconfirmed cases, and controls. Receiver operating characteristic analyses determined the optimal threshold that distinguished MCPP cases from controls. Results.: Load was available for 290 of 291 cases with pneumococcal PCR detected in blood and 273 of 273 controls. Load was higher in MCPP
Experimental pneumonia due to Friedländers bacillus was produced in white rats by the intrabronchial inoculation of the bacilli suspended in mucin. The pneumonia was lobar in type, was almost uniformly fatal, and simulated the acute form of the natural disease in human beings.. The pathogenesis of the pneumonic lesion was studied by examination of microscopic sections of the lungs of animals killed at frequent intervals during the course of the infection. The histologic characteristics of the various stages of the pneumonia were essentially the same as those previously described in experimental pneumococcal (Type I) pneumonia except for the following differences: (1) In isolated areas of the lung in Friedländers pneumonia many more bacteria were encountered in the alveoli than were ever noted in experimental pneumococcal pneumonia. (2) Abscess formation was common in the late stages of Friedländers infection, whereas it was not noted in the pneumococcal lesion. (3) Organization of the ...
Synonyms for abortive pneumonia in Free Thesaurus. Antonyms for abortive pneumonia. 13 words related to pneumonia: respiratory disease, respiratory disorder, respiratory illness, bronchial pneumonia, bronchopneumonia, lobar pneumonia.... What are synonyms for abortive pneumonia?
Length of hospital stay (LOS) in patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is variable and directly related to medical costs. Accurate estimation of LOS on admission and during follow-up may result in earlier and more efficient discharge strategies. This is a prospective multicenter study including patients in emergency departments of 6 tertiary care hospitals in Switzerland between October 2006 and March 2008. Medical history, clinical data at presentation and health care insurance class were collected. We calculated univariate and multivariate cox regression models to assess the association of different characteristics with LOS. In a split sample analysis, we created two LOS prediction rules, first including only admission data, and second including also additional inpatient information. The mean LOS in the 875 included CAP patients was 9.8 days (95%CI 9.3-10.4). Older age, respiratory rate |20 pm, nursing home residence, chronic pulmonary disease, diabetes, multilobar CAP and the pneumonia
ABDULKADIR, M B; IBRAHEEM, R M; GOBIR, A A and JOHNSON, W B R. Hypoxaemia as a measure of disease severity in young hospitalised Nigerian children with pneumonia: A cross-sectional study. S. Afr. j. child health [online]. 2015, vol.9, n.2, pp.53-56. ISSN 1999-7671. BACKGROUND: Pneumonia remains a common cause of mortality among children in developing countries. Hypoxaemia is a common consequence of pneumonia in children. OBJECTIVES: To define the relationship between Hb oxygen saturation (SpO2) and parameters of outcome, duration of supplemental oxygen and duration of hospitalisation among children with pneumonia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out at the paediatric wards of a tertiary hospital in North-Central Nigeria. Two hundred children aged between 2 and 59 months with pneumonia seen at the University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital were recruited consecutively. Sociodemographic and clinical information regarding the illness was obtained. Hb ...
Hospital length of stay (LOS) and time for a patient to reach clinical stability (TCS) have increasingly become important outcomes when investigating ways in which to combat Community Acquired Pneumonia (CAP). Difficulties arise when deciding how to handle in-hospital mortality. Ad-hoc approaches that are commonly used to handle time to event outcomes with mortality can give disparate results and provide conflicting conclusions based on the same data. To ensure compatibility among studies investigating these outcomes, this type of data should be handled in a consistent and appropriate fashion. Using both simulated data and data from the international Community Acquired Pneumonia Organization (CAPO) database, we evaluate two ad-hoc approaches for handling mortality when estimating the probability of hospital discharge and clinical stability: 1) restricting analysis to those patients who lived, and 2) assigning individuals who die the worst outcome (right-censoring them at the longest recorded LOS or
RECENT FINDINGS: Respiratory viruses may be responsible for healthcare-associated pneumonia, because affected patients and those with CAP have the same risk factors for viral disease. In mechanically ventilated patients, viruses belonging to the Herpesviridae family, namely herpes simplex virus (HSV) and cytomegalovirus, can be reactivated and cause bronchopneumonitis or ventilator-associated pneumonia, respectively. Recent results confirmed the high rate of HSV reactivation in the distal airways of mechanically ventilated patients, and that patients with high virus loads (,10 copies/ml of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid) have poorer outcomes than those with low or no virus load. However, the responsibility of mimivirus, initially described as a possible cause of pneumonia, was not confirmed for nosocomial pneumonia ...
Risk of pneumonia with budesonide-containing treatments in COPD: an individual patient-level pooled analysis of interventional studies Sally Hollis,1 Carin Jorup,2 Dan Lythgoe,3 Gunnar Martensson,2 Pontus Regnell,2 Göran Eckerwall2 1AstraZeneca R&D, Alderley Park, Macclesfield, UK; 2AstraZeneca R&D, Gothenburg, Sweden; 3Phastar, Chiswick, London, UK Background: Concerns have been raised that treatment of COPD with inhaled corticosteroids may increase pneumonia risk. Responding to a request from the European Medicines Agency Pharmacovigilance Risk Assessment Committee, a pooled analysis of interventional studies compared pneumonia risk with inhaled budesonide-containing versus non-budesonide-containing treatments and the impact of other clinically relevant factors.Methods: AstraZeneca-sponsored, parallel-group, double-blind, randomized controlled trials meeting the following criteria were included: >8 weeks’ duration; ≥60 patients with COPD; inhaled budesonide treatment arm
Edited by James D Chalmers Mathias W Pletz and Stefano Aliberti Community-acquired pneumonia remains the leading cause of hospitalisation for
Indigenous Australian children have high (up to 90%) rates of nasopharyngeal microbial colonisation and of hospitalisation for pneumonia. In Indigenous children hospitalised with pneumonia in Central...
1. Pneumococci of Type I and Type II are responsible for the majority of the cases of lobar pneumonia.. 2. Among the pneumococci found in the mouths of healthy individuals Type IV predominates, Type III is frequent, and atypical organisms of Type II are occasionally found.. 3. Healthy persons intimately associated with cases of lobar pneumonia may harbor in their mouth secretions the highly parasitic pneumococcus of Types I and II.. 4. Occasionally a carrier of Type I or Type II pneumococcus is encountered in whom it is impossible to trace any contact with an infected patient.. 5. From the dust of homes where cases of pneumonia due to Types I and II have occurred, pneumococci of the same type may be recovered.. ...
Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is a common infection. Approximately 20 percent of all episodes of pneumonia result in hospitalization. It is the leading cause of community-acquired infection requiring intensive care unit (ICU) admission. In pulmonary infections, the release of cytokines and other inflammatory mediators from alveolar macrophages serves as a mechanism by which invading pathogens are eliminated. However, this reaction of the innate immune system can be potentially harmful when excessive release of circulating inflammatory cytokines causes damage to the patient, particularly the lung. Interest in the role of corticosteroids in the pathophysiology of critical illness has existed since the early part of the 20th century. On ICU, early treatment with corticosteroids to attenuate systemic inflammation is widespread. At the same time, outside the ICU little evidence is available on the effect of treatment with corticosteroids in patients diagnosed with CAP. Theoretically, early ...
Respiratory syncytial virus was the commonest viral cause of LRTIs and Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus) and Haemophilus influenzae were the commonest bacterial causes. A significant fraction (one-third in one hospital) of all H. influenzae infections were nontypeable.. Not all of the insights of the BOSTID research group could be summarized in a single paper or even a supplement. The programme provided an intellectual forum in which many lines of enquiry were distilled.2 The complete lack of understanding of how or why children die from pneumonia was identified as a critical future research question. The pathogenesis of ARI, including the complex synergism between viral and bacterial pathogens, was a second significant area. The investigators believed that understanding the mechanisms that controlled the magnitude and selectivity of the human inflammatory response would offer practical opportunities to influence disease outcome. This insight would need to be augmented by knowledge of the ...
The knowledge, attitudes and practices of the respondents were found to be generally good and positive about pneumonia disease burden and immunisations/EPI vaccines. However, only 19% of the parents/guardians were aware of the availability of the PCV. Most parents/guardians were of the opinion that increased sensitisation/mass vaccination campaigns would remain essential for the PCV to reach every child. Logistic modelling identified associations between; - educational level and parental knowledge on the consequences/seriousness of pneumonia infections, income and parental knowledge on pneumonia causes/risk factors, occupational level and parental knowledge on pneumonia prevention beside that of region of origin and parental knowledge on the availability of the PCV. Also, a friendly attitude from health personnel was thought to motivate parents/guardians to respect vaccination schedules ...
Current guidelines suggest that patients may be treated in an outpatient setting or may require hospitalization depending on their PSI risk class, as follows: Classes I and II - Outpatient mana... more
This field guide was prepared by PAHO to support health workers participating in the epidemiological surveillance of bacterial pneumonia and meningitis. Pneumonia is among the leading causes of hospitalization and death for children aged under 5 years in the Region of the Americas. In developed countries, the majority of pneumonias are believed to be of viral origin; however, the etiology of pneumonia is almost always bacterial in developing countries. Bacterial meningitis, although not as frequent as pneumonia, is always a serious disease, given the risk of sequelae and its high case-fatality rate. Three bacteria are principally responsible for the diseases: Haemophilus influenzae (Hi) type b (Hib), Neisseria meningitidis (meningococcus), and Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus). The introduction of the Hib vaccine in countries of the Region produced a dramatic decline of invasive disease due to this bacterium, and pneumococcus is now the principal etiologic agent responsible for bacterial ...
Patient History and Assessment D.E. is a 59 year old Caucasian male who was admitted to the Northridge Hospital Emergency Room on the 21st of February by paramedics after they responded to a 911 emergency call by the patients wife. D.E. was experiencing SOB, dyspnea and alternating levels of consciousness upon arrival of the response team. Oxygen was applied via nasal cannula and the patient was transported to the ED. D.E. did not complain of any chest pain or nausea and vomiting. Just stated he woke up during the night while he was experiencing a coughing attack resulting in his feeling unable to breathe. In the ED a chest X-ray was performed confirming a diagnosis of Pneumonia as white patches were evident bilaterally. D.E. has a reported allergy to Morphine which results in uncontrolled emesis. He also stated he has an allergy to green bell peppers which also cause him to vomit. His past history includes diabetes mellitus, chronic back pain, hypercholesterolemia, hypertension, depression and ...
Pneumonia[edit]. The symptoms of pneumonia are fever, productive cough, shortness of breath, and pleuritic chest pain.[2] ... A chest x-ray is useful to confirm or rule out a pneumothorax, pulmonary edema, or pneumonia.[14] Spiral computed tomography ... In 85% of cases it is due to asthma, pneumonia, cardiac ischemia, interstitial lung disease, congestive heart failure, chronic ... COPD is a risk factor for pneumonia; thus this condition should be ruled out.[2] In an acute exacerbation treatment is with a ...
Pneumocystis pneumonia[edit]. Primaquine is also used in the treatment of Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP), a fungal infection ... Primaquine is a medication used to treat and prevent malaria and to treat Pneumocystis pneumonia.[2] Specifically it is used ... It is an alternative treatment for Pneumocystis pneumonia together with clindamycin.[2][3] It is taken by mouth.[2] ...
Pneumonia[edit]. The Duffy antigen is present in the normal pulmonary vascular bed. Its expression is increased in the vascular ... "Enhanced expression of Duffy antigen in the lungs during suppurative pneumonia". J. Histochem. Cytochem. 51 (2): 159-66. doi ... beds and alveolar septa of the lung parenchyma during suppurative pneumonia.[94] ...
Pneumonia. Other names. M.S.V. / "Mellesai Mannar". Occupation. Film score composer; singer; actor music director. ...
He died of pneumonia on May 25, 1988 at St. Luke's-Roosevelt Hospital Center in Manhattan.[14] ...
Muslimov became ill with pneumonia between 1972 and 1973, but survived only to die later in 1973. ...
Shanbaug died of pneumonia on 18 May 2015, after being in a persistent vegetative state for nearly 42 years.[1][4][5] ... A few days before her death, Shanbaug was diagnosed with pneumonia. She was moved to the medical intensive care unit (MICU) of ...
Mycoplasma pneumonia Mycoplasma pneumoniae Mycoplasma genitalium infection Mycoplasma genitalium Mycetoma (disambiguation) ...
Pneumonia and congestive heart failure are very commonly diagnosed by chest radiograph. Chest radiographs are also used to ... Useful for differentiating pleural effusions from consolidation (e.g. pneumonia) and loculated effusions from free fluid in the ... The presence of a pleural effusion argues against pneumocystis pneumonia. Reticular (linear) pattern. (sometimes called " ... peripheral (e.g., cryptogenic fibrosing alveolitis, connective tissue disease, chronic eosinophilic pneumonia, bronchiolitis ...
Due to the head being turned, the risk of vomiting and complications caused by aspiration pneumonia may be reduced.[88] ...
Pneumonia}}. Medicine. Pneumonia. Medical condition templates. Footer. Pathology. Respiratory. {{Congenital malformations and ...
He died of pneumonia after suffering a broken hip in 1977, at the age of 74. His interment was in Valhalla Memorial Park ...
In 1900, the top three causes of death in the United States were pneumonia/influenza, tuberculosis, and diarrhea/enteritis. ...
... , 70, "Western Swing" bandleader-composer; of pneumonia; in Fort Worth. Wills turned out dance tunes that are now ...
He wrote or co-wrote many of the songs on the Pneumonia album and has contributed to all of Caitlin Cary's solo releases.[1] ...
"pneumonia" (PDF).. *^ "The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2019". Retrieved 2019-10-28.. ...
Pneumococcal pneumonia. Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine, Pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine. Pneumovax, Prevnar Vibrio cholerae ... Epiglottitis, meningitis, pneumonia. Hib vaccine. Hiberix, Pentacel, ActHIB, Pedvax HIB, Tetramune, Quinvaxem, Pentavac PFS, ...
Pneumonia [1]. Resting place. The Hershey Memorial, Hershey Cemetery, Hershey, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania. 40.3083229 N, ... A year after he had retired from the Board, Milton Hershey died of pneumonia in Hershey Hospital on October 13, 1945 at the age ...
In part, the death toll during the pandemic was caused by viral pneumonia characterized by extensive bleeding in the lungs ... Among those who survived the first several days, however, many died of secondary bacterial pneumonia. It has been argued that ... Lethal synergism between influenza virus and pneumococcus, causes excess mortality from secondary bacterial pneumonia during ... Sethi Sanjeev (2002). "Bacterial Pneumonia. Managing a Deadly Complication of Influenza in Older Adults with Comorbid Disease ...
"Pneumonia". American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers. Retrieved September 2, 2017. "Possibly Maybe". American ...
... pneumonia. 16 October - Joaquín Pardo, 74, Olympic footballer (1968). 31 October - Horacio Serpa, 77, politician, Minister of ...
"Pneumonia". Evening Despatch. 24 September 1941. p. 4. Retrieved 6 December 2018 - via British Newspaper Archive. Joe Payne, ... In September 1941, Payne was hospitalised with acute pneumonia. His career was interrupted by the Second World War but he ... is in hospital in Luton suffering from acute pneumonia. Tanner, Bill (7 April 2006). "Plaque to honour memory of Joe "10 Goal" ...
Jenkins, Helen E. (24 November 2016). "Global burden of childhood tuberculosis". Pneumonia. 8 (1): 24. doi:10.1186/s41479-016- ...
17 January - Ilunga 'CPwaa' Khalifa, 38, rapper; pneumonia. 20 January - Julius Sang′udi, deputy commissioner of prisons. 21 ...
... pneumonia; infections of the skin, ear, and/or urinary tract; and histiocytomas (benign tumors). Increases in appetite, ...
Pneumonia; Tuberculosis; Stab Wound in the Belly; and Bus Accident" written by Gord Sellar • Nick Abadzis "Cancer" written by ...
Pneumonia. Coma and heart failure.") "The House of Dreams". Retrieved 27 June 2020. Curran, John. "75 facts ... Fred died in November 1901 from pneumonia and chronic kidney disease. Christie later said that her father's death when she was ...
John Saxon, 83, American actor (A Nightmare on Elm Street, Enter the Dragon, Joe Kidd), pneumonia. Eddie Shack, 83, Canadian ... Flossie Wong-Staal, 72, Chinese-American virologist, pneumonia. Jelko Yuresha, 83, Croatian-born British ballet dancer and ... Kenneth Church, 90, American jockey, pneumonia and COVID-19. Barrie Cook, 91, British abstract artist. Moses Costa, 69, ... Paul Morin, 96, French politician, mayor of Bourg-en-Bresse (1989-1995). Marcel Plasman, 95, Belgian politician, pneumonia. ...
"Pneumonia". World Health Organization. Retrieved 2016-09-02. "SMART Project in Egypt Joins the Fight Against Pneumonia, a ... For example, in a story about pneumonia, the "evil characters" are named Hemo and Nemo, which are the cartoon names for ... According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), pneumonia is the primary disease which kills children under the age of 5. One ... "Pneumonia". World Health Organization. Retrieved 2017-01-03. "Montasser Overcomes: Iron Deficiency Anemia". Scribd. Retrieved ...
Pneumonia is the second leading cause of death among children under five. Early diagnosis and treatment with simple antibiotics ... At the same time, pneumonia has globally been the leading cause of death in children under the age of five years. All children ... "Pneumonia". PSI. Archived from the original on 2012-05-01. Retrieved 2012-05-18. "Undernutrition". PSI. Archived from the ... A severe form of acute respiratory infection, pneumonia can be treated effectively using Five & Alive's pre-packaged therapy ...
Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) is a serious illness caused by the fungus Pneumocystis jirovecii. PCP is one of the most frequent ... How Pneumocystis pneumonia Spreads. PCP spreads from person to person through the air. 15-17 Some healthy adults can carry the ... Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia in patients with or without AIDS, Franceexternal icon. Emerg Infect Dis 2014;20:1490-7. ... Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia: current knowledge and outstanding public health issuesexternal icon. Curr Fung Infect Rep ...
Pneumonia is a common lung infection that can usually be treated without a hospital stay. ... What Is Pneumonia?. Pneumonia (pronounced: noo-MOW-nyuh) is an infection of the lungs. When someone has pneumonia, lung tissue ... Walking pneumonia refers to pneumonia that is mild enough that you may not even know you have it. Walking pneumonia (also ... You might have heard the terms "double pneumonia" or "walking pneumonia." Double pneumonia simply means that the infection is ...
Pneumonia is a lung infection that can be caused by different types of germs, most commonly viruses. Read about symptoms and ... Types of bacterial pneumonia include pneumococcal pneumonia, mycoplasma pneumonia (walking pneumonia), and pertussis (whooping ... How Long Does Pneumonia Last?. With treatment, most types of bacterial pneumonia are cured in 1-2 weeks. Walking pneumonia and ... What Is Pneumonia?. Pneumonia is an infection of the lungs. Normally, the small sacs in the lungs are filled with air. In ...
WHO health topic page on pneumonia provides links to descriptions of activities, reports, publications, statistics, news, ... Pneumonia is an infection of lungs that is most commonly caused by viruses or bacteria. These infections are generally spread ... Ending preventable deaths from pneumonia and diarrhoea by 2025. Integrated global action plan for the prevention and control of ...
Atypical pneumonia, also known as walking pneumonia, is the type of pneumonia not caused by one of the pathogens most commonly ... This is occult pneumonia. In general, occult pneumonia is rather often present in patients with pneumonia and can also be ... "Atypical Pneumonia (Walking Pneumonia)". Cleveland Clinic. Walter C, McCoy MD (1946). "Primary atypical pneumonia: A report of ... Pneumonia, Atypical Bacterial at eMedicine Pneumonia, Typical Bacterial at eMedicine Memish ZA, Ahmed QA, Arabi YM, Shibl AM, ...
Cavitary pneumonia is a disease in which the normal lung architecture is replaced by a cavity. In a healthy lung, oxygen ... Retrieved from "" ...
Also find out how you can prevent getting pneumonia. ... Read about pneumonia, including symptoms, causes, whos at risk ... Symptoms of pneumonia. The symptoms of pneumonia can develop suddenly over 24 to 48 hours, or they may come on more slowly over ... Preventing pneumonia. Although most cases of pneumonia are bacterial and are not passed on from one person to another, ensuring ... Diagnosing pneumonia. A doctor may be able to diagnose pneumonia by asking about your symptoms and examining your chest. ...
The infection is usually further categorized into community-acquired pneumonia or hospital- or healthcare-acquired pneumonia. ... More than 3 million cases of pneumonia occur annually in the United States. Defined as an infection of the lung, pneumonia can ...
Pneumonia. Two lectures delivered at the College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York ...
... : Proportionate mortality ratio (PMR) adjusted for age, sex, and race by usual industry, U.S. ... Pneumonia and/or influenza: Proportionate mortality ratio (PMR) adjusted for age, sex, and race by usual occupation, U.S. ... Pneumonia and Influenza: Proportionate mortality ratio (PMR) adjusted for age, sex, and race by NORA industrial sector, U.S. ...
... and is double pneumonia just double talk? Learn the difference between walking pneumonia and pneumonia. ... Walking pneumonia (First question answer: Pneumonia doesnt walk, but patients with "walking pneumonia" do!) is an imprecise ... The major difference between pneumonia and walking pneumonia are the severity of symptoms, with walking pneumonia having the ... Pneumonia vs. Walking Pneumonia. *Medical Author: Charles Patrick Davis, MD, PhD Charles Patrick Davis, MD, PhD. Dr. Charles " ...
... staphylococcal pneumonia) Interstitial pneumonia: reticular opacities ( viral pneumonias, atypical pneumonias) Lobar pneumonia ... staphylococcal pneumonia) Interstitial pneumonia: reticular opacities ( viral pneumonias, atypical pneumonias) ... 2. Pneumonias- classification Nosocomial Pneumonias * 3. Sir William Osler Sir William Osler, known as the father of modern ... 4. Pneumonia classification * 5. Community acquired pneumonia (CAP) An acute infection of the pulmonary parenchyma that isAn ...
Health Information on Pneumonia: MedlinePlus Multiple Languages Collection ... Pneumonia: MedlinePlus Health Topic - English Neumonía: Tema de salud de MedlinePlus - español (Spanish) ... Pneumonia in Children - 简体中文 (Chinese, Simplified (Mandarin dialect)) Bilingual PDF ... Pneumonia in Children - 繁體中文 (Chinese, Traditional (Cantonese dialect)) Bilingual PDF ...
Description Pneumonia is an infection of the lungs. ... refers to one of several types of pneumonia that can be caused ... Chlamydial pneumonia. Chlamydial pneumonia is a pneumonia cause by one of several forms of Chlamydial bacteria . The three ... Chlamydial Pneumonia. Definition. Chlamydial pneumonia refers to one of several types of pneumonia that can be caused by ... A mild pneumonia in an otherwise healthy person is likely to be a community-acquired walking pneumonia, such as that caused by ...
American Lung Association: "Learn About Pneumonia," "Acute Bronchitis Symptoms, Causes, and Risk Factors," "Pneumonia Symptoms ... American Lung Association: "Learn About Pneumonia," "Acute Bronchitis Symptoms, Causes, and Risk Factors," "Pneumonia Symptoms ... How is pneumonia treated?. ANSWER If its caused by bacteria, youll get an antibiotic. If its caused by a virus, you may get ...
Pneumonia is most often caused by the bacteria Streptococcus pneumonia, but infection can also be due to a number of viruses, ... Pneumonia is a common lung infection that affects millions of people worldwide. ... Pneumonia in Children. Worldwide, pneumonia is the leading cause of death in children under age 5. It has long been known that ... Pneumonia is most often caused by the bacteria Streptococcus pneumonia, but infection can also be due to a number of viruses, ...
... and of the principles of diagnosis and treatment that can be broadly applied to all pneumonias. Thereafter,... ... The chapter will begin with an overview of pathological-clinical correlates in pneumonia, ... Thereafter, community-acquired pneumonia, hospital-acquired and ventilator-associated pneumonia, and aspiration pneumonia will ... Clinical practice guidelines for hospital-acquired pneumonia and ventilator-associated pneumonia in adults. Can J Infect Dis ...
... If the infection didnt clear up with the first course of antibiotics, this may simply mean that the ... The doctor said that both of the above tests showed my daughter to have a mild form of pneumonia infection at the base of the ... One of my sons developed pneumonia out of the blue when he was two, responded rapidly to antibiotics and has had no real ... A chest infection, or pneumonia, can occur in a previously healthy child simply as a result of bad luck. ...
What Effects Does Pneumonia Have On Your Brain Question Originally asked by Community Member dawn What Effects Does Pneumonia ... How Long Is Pneumonia Contagious? Question Originally asked by Community Member Caroline How Long Is Pneumonia Contagious? How ... Pneumonia Treatment: What You Need to Know Treatment options for pneumonia depend on which type you have. ... Pneumonias Long-Term Health Consequences Older adults hospitalized just once for pneumonia may suffer functional and cognitive ...
Pneumonia is a type of pneumonitis-an inflammation of the lungs that may be caused by the inhalation of irritating gases or ... you may be unaware that you have pneumonia-a condition known as walking pneumonia. Bacterial pneumonia, on the other hand, is ... Who Gets Pneumonia?. More than one million people are hospitalized annually with pneumonia, and about 50,000 people die from ... During pneumonia, inflammation may be limited to the air sacs called alveoli of the lung, a condition known as lobar pneumonia ...
Pneumonia is inflamed or swollen lung tissue due to infection with a germ. ... This type of pneumonia is also called atypical pneumonia because the symptoms are different from those of pneumonia due to ... The provider will need to rule out pneumonia.. Also, call if you have been diagnosed with this type of pneumonia and your ... Mycoplasma pneumonia usually affects people younger than 40. People who live or work in crowded areas such as schools and ...
The American Lung Association (ALA), formerly the National Tuberculosis and Respiratory Disease Association, was founded in 1904 to combat tuberculosis. Since 1907, ALA has promoted Christmas Seals to raise public funds to fight lung disease, the third leading cause of death in America. ALA is primarily a health education agency, emphasizing anti-smoking and clean air activities to prevent and control lung hazards. Its self-management programs teach those suffering from lung disease, such as asthma, how to live with their condition. ALA also creates educational programs to teach lifelong good health habits, and it provides professional education to health care providers to help them deliver effective lung health care to their patients. ALA also awards grants for medical research and sponsors fellowships for young medical professionals to encourage them to specialize in pulmonary care. There are 110 State and local Lung Associations throughout the country. The American Thoracic Society is the ...
... pneumonia: Hypersensitivity pneumonia: Hypersensitivity pneumonias are a spectrum of disorders that arise from an allergic ... These pneumonias may occur following exposure to moldy hay or sugarcane, room humidifiers, and air-conditioning ducts, all of ... In pneumonia: Hypersensitivity pneumonia. Hypersensitivity pneumonias are a spectrum of disorders that arise from an allergic ... These pneumonias may occur following exposure to moldy hay or sugarcane, room humidifiers, and air-conditioning ducts, all of ...
Mycoplasmal pneumonia should be considered as a possible etiology in any patient who presents with three weeks or more of a ... Hospital-Acquired Pneumonia (Nosocomial Pneumonia) and Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia * 2002 225976-overview Diseases & ... encoded search term (How is mycoplasmal pneumonia treated?) and How is mycoplasmal pneumonia treated? What to Read Next on ... Rahimian M, HosseiniB M. Serological study of Bordetella Pertussis, Mycoplasma Pneumonia and Chlamydia Pneumonia in Iranian ...
... Coughs give vital clues to the presence or absence of pneumonia in children ... in the form of new technology which analyzes cough sounds to diagnose pneumonia. Indeed, cough is a main symptom of pneumonia ... Pneumonia is the leading killer of young children around the world. Since it is largely a disease of poverty, the vast majority ... Such a system, if successful, is expected to be a paradigm-shifting novelty in the field of pneumonia diagnosis in remote ...
How long your pneumonia remains contagious is related to whether your lung infection is caused by a virus or bacteria and how ... What is pneumonia? Is pneumonia contagious? Learn about walking pneumonia, viral pneumonia, bacterial pneumonia, causes, signs ... Pneumonia is caused by a variety of organisms, therefore depending on the organism that causes a particular case of pneumonia, ... The most common types of pneumonia, like pneumococcal pneumonia, require other conditions besides exposure to an infected ...
Pneumonia often develops as a complication following an attack of influenza. To protect against this possibility, a person ...
Anyone can develop pneumonia, but certain groups of people, including older adults, infants and people with other diseases, are ... Pneumonia can be life-threatening, so it is vital to seek treatment as soon as possible. ... Pneumonia is an infection of the lungs caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi, or parasites. ... What to know about double pneumonia Double pneumonia is a condition in which pneumonia affects both lungs. It can develop from ...
Media in category "Viral pneumonia". The following 9 files are in this category, out of 9 total. ... Retrieved from "" ...
  • The routine vaccinations that most people receive as kids help prevent certain types of pneumonia and other infections. (
  • Some types of pneumonia can be prevented by vaccines. (
  • Chlamydial pneumonia refers to one of several types of pneumonia that can be caused by various types of the bacteria known as Chlamydia . (
  • There are many different types of pneumonia. (
  • The most common types of pneumonia, like pneumococcal pneumonia, require other conditions besides exposure to an infected person to spread. (
  • Bacterial types of pneumonia are usually treated with antibiotics . (
  • Viral types of pneumonia are usually treated with rest and plenty of fluids. (
  • Fungal types of pneumonia are usually treated with antifungal medications. (
  • Lungs showing two types of pneumonia, (left) lobar and (right) lobular. (
  • Using technology known as nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, the researchers were able to identify a chemical "fingerprint" for the type of pneumonia caused by the bacterium Streptococcus pneumoniae, and compare this to the chemical fingerprints for other types of pneumonia and noninfectious lung diseases. (
  • Vaccines to prevent certain types of pneumonia (such as those caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae bacteria or that linked to influenza) are available. (
  • Differentiating from other types of pneumonia may be difficult. (
  • People with bacterial pneumonia are usually sicker than those with viral pneumonia, but they can be treated with antibiotic medications. (
  • Depending on the bugs that are likely to affect them, these people also may get antibiotics to prevent pneumonia, as well as antiviral medicine to prevent or lessen the effects of viral pneumonia. (
  • People who have viral pneumonia do not need antibiotics. (
  • Someone with viral pneumonia from the flu virus might get an antiviral medicine if it's early in the illness. (
  • Walking pneumonia and viral pneumonia may take 4-6 weeks to go away completely. (
  • Atypical pneumonia can also have a fungal, protozoan or viral cause. (
  • When comparing the bacterial-caused atypical pneumonias with these caused by real viruses (excluding bacteria that were wrongly considered as viruses), the term "atypical pneumonia" almost always implies a bacterial cause[citation needed] and is contrasted with viral pneumonia. (
  • Known viral causes of atypical pneumonia include respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), influenza A and B, parainfluenza, adenovirus, severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and measles. (
  • Infectious pneumonia (bacterial, viral, fungal, and parasitic are all subsets of infectious pneumonia) means that an infectious agent is causing the pneumonia. (
  • Nearly half of community-acquired pneumonia cases are believed to be viral, about 30 percent are bacterial, and roughly 20 percent are thought to be caused by mycoplasmas, which are organisms that have both viral and bacterial characteristics. (
  • Both bacterial and viral pneumonia can strike year-round, but the autumn and winter months, when colds and influenza proliferate, are major times for the disease, in part because people spend more time indoors, where bacteria and viruses can spread rapidly from one person to another. (
  • If your pneumonia was caused by a viral infection, your symptoms could exacerbate in a very short time, which will need in hospital treatment. (
  • A bacterial pneumonia can form as a complication to the viral infection. (
  • Viral pneumonia tends to be mild. (
  • An older baby or child might develop pneumonia as the result of other bacterial or viral infections. (
  • Viral pneumonia is usually less severe than bacterial and can't progress into it - but it can make kids more susceptible to getting the bacterial form of the illness. (
  • Treatment may be limited to rest and fluids because viral pneumonia doesn't respond to antibiotics. (
  • But instead of bacterial or viral pneumonia, Hillary Clinton may have something called aspiration pneumonia. (
  • Because viral pneumonia may develop from influenza, a yearly flu shot can help prevent pneumonia. (
  • Infants with bacterial pneumonia often are febrile, but those with viral pneumonia or pneumonia caused by atypical organisms may have a low-grade fever or may be afebrile. (
  • Viral pneumonia in the first month of life. (
  • Among 41 people confirmed as infected with the new viral pneumonia, one - a 61-year-old man with serious underlying medical conditions - died last week. (
  • Viral pneumonia causes a dry cough , fever and other symptoms. (
  • About 30% of pneumonia cases reported in the United States are viral. (
  • You may get viral pneumonia after touching infected surfaces such as a doorknob or keyboard and then touching your mouth or nose. (
  • How will the doctor diagnose my viral pneumonia? (
  • How can I prevent viral pneumonia? (
  • Bacterial and viral cases of pneumonia usually result in similar symptoms. (
  • Viral pneumonia presents more commonly with wheezing than bacterial pneumonia. (
  • Someone's symptoms can help the doctor identify the type of pneumonia. (
  • Atypical pneumonia, also known as walking pneumonia, is the type of pneumonia not caused by one of the pathogens most commonly associated with the disease. (
  • Each of these has the potential to cause a type of pneumonia. (
  • People who keep birds as pets or who work where birds are kept have the highest risk for this type of pneumonia. (
  • This type of pneumonia may be quite severe, and is usually more serious in older patients. (
  • This type of pneumonia is called a "community-acquired pneumonia" because it is easily passed from one member of the community to another. (
  • The elderly are hardest hit by this type of pneumonia. (
  • Symptoms vary greatly depending on the type of pneumonia involved. (
  • This type of pneumonia is also called atypical pneumonia because the symptoms are different from those of pneumonia due to other common bacteria. (
  • Also, call if you have been diagnosed with this type of pneumonia and your symptoms become worse after improving first. (
  • Symptoms can vary depending on other underlying conditions and the type of pneumonia. (
  • This depends on your risk factors and the type of pneumonia you have. (
  • This type of pneumonia typically starts out like a cold, but symptoms slowly and steadily get worse. (
  • There's no vaccine to prevent this type of pneumonia . (
  • Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) is a serious infection caused by the fungus Pneumocystis jirovecii . (
  • But more often pneumonia is an infection that can be easily treated at home without having to go to the hospital. (
  • Pneumonia (pronounced: noo-MOW-nyuh) is an infection of the lungs. (
  • Double pneumonia simply means that the infection is in both lungs. (
  • But pneumonia is a bit worse because the infection goes down into the lungs. (
  • Some children might need treatment in a hospital if the pneumonia causes a lasting high fever or breathing problems, or if they need oxygen, are vomiting and can't take the medicine, or have a lung infection that may have spread to the bloodstream. (
  • Kids with pneumonia need to get plenty of rest and drink lots of liquids while the body works to fight the infection. (
  • In 2015 CDC conducted a point-prevalence survey in a sample of acute care hospitals in U.S. and determined that of the 427 health care-associated infections identified, pneumonia was the most common infection with 32% of those being ventilator asso ciated.1 Patients receiving invasive mechanical ventilation are at risk for numerous complications, including pneumonia. (
  • Pneumonia is an infection of lungs that is most commonly caused by viruses or bacteria. (
  • Chest radiographs (X-ray photographs) often show a pulmonary infection before physical signs of atypical pneumonia are observable at all. (
  • Pneumonia is usually the result of a bacterial infection. (
  • Prevention of Chlamydia trachomatis pneumonia involves recognizing the symptoms of genital infection in the mother and treating her prior to delivery of her baby. (
  • Pneumonia is a common lung infection that affects millions of people worldwide. (
  • Pneumonia is most often caused by the bacteria Streptococcus pneumonia , but infection can also be due to a number of viruses, fungi, and mycoplasmas. (
  • However, in developing nations where the medical infrastructure may be suboptimal, sanitation is poor, and rates of poverty are high, pneumonia infection can be a serious medical condition resulting in high rates of mortality. (
  • The doctor said that both of the above tests showed my daughter to have a mild form of pneumonia infection at the base of the lung and that antibiotics should clear it up. (
  • Pneumonia is a type of pneumonitis-an inflammation of the lungs that may be caused by the inhalation of irritating gases or particles or by an infection. (
  • Pneumonia is inflamed or swollen lung tissue due to infection with a germ. (
  • It may be hard for your health care provider to tell whether you have pneumonia, bronchitis, or another respiratory infection, so you may need a chest x-ray. (
  • An acute infection of the respiratory tract with atypical pneumonia: a disease entity probably caused by a filtrable virus. (
  • Mycoplasma pneumonia-associated acute hepatitis in an adult patient without lung infection. (
  • These markers of infection alter the acoustic properties of coughs helping to identify pneumonia-specific features. (
  • Pneumonia is an infection of the lungs with a range of possible causes. (
  • Pneumonia is an infection of the lungs that can cause mild to severe illness in people of all ages. (
  • Pneumonia is a serious lung infection with a number of possible causes. (
  • If your immune system is weakened, it's easier for you to get pneumonia because your body can't fight off the infection. (
  • Initially described as "plasma cell pneumonia", pulmonary infection with the microorganism Pneumocystis jiroveci (formerly known as Pnemocystis carinii) was first identified in malnourished infants, especially those in orphanages, at the conclusion of the Second World War. (
  • Scientists have sequenced the genome of the fungus Pneumocystis jirovecii, an advancement that could help identify new targets for drugs to treat and prevent Pneumocystis pneumonia, a common and often deadly infection in immunocompromised patients. (
  • Dr. Judd Shellito, Chief of the Section of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine at LSU Health Sciences Center New Orleans, has been awarded approximately $9 million in grant funding to develop a vaccine against Pneumocystis, an important cause of pneumonia in people with HIV infection. (
  • Pneumonia is an inflammation of the lung tissue affecting one or both sides of the chest that often occurs as a result of an infection. (
  • Pneumonia is an infection in one or both lungs usually caused by bacteria , viruses, or fungi. (
  • Pneumonia infection can be caused by a lot of different micro-organisms including viruses , fungi (eg histoplasmosis), parasites and half of all pneumonia cases are caused by bacteria. (
  • In addition to infection, pneumonia can also be caused by corrosive chemicals breathed into the lungs or toxic smoke inhalation from a fire. (
  • Pneumonia can strike anytime, but it usually shows up in winter and spring, often after a cold or other upper respiratory infection. (
  • Pneumonia is a general term for infection of the lungs. (
  • Treatment for pneumonia depends on the type of infection your child has. (
  • Pneumonia occurs when the lungs swell and fill with fluid due to an infection. (
  • Pediatric pneumonia is a general term for any lung infection. (
  • Pneumonia (nu-MO-nya) is an infection in the lungs. (
  • Walking pneumonia, or atypical pneumonia, is a less severe case of pneumonia, a lung infection. (
  • A federal health panel for the first time has singled out smokers for vaccination because of their high risk of infection from a pneumonia-causing bacterium.The national Centers for Disease Control and Prevention already recommends the pneumococcal. (
  • Nick Jones has fought repeated battles with pneumonia over the years.The lung infection poses a frequent danger to the Lake County man. (
  • We describe the rare complication of necrotizing pneumonia and invasive pneumococcal infection in 3 previously healthy pediatric patients. (
  • pneumonia in the newborn, infection being contracted prenatally. (
  • Urine real-time polymerase chain reaction detection for children virus pneumonia with acute human cytomegalovirus infection. (
  • On the body level, pneumonia is a type of infection. (
  • As with any major illness, dog pneumonia tends to cause generalized lethargy and fatigue, namely because the immune system is consumed with fighting off the existing infection. (
  • Your patient is doing well, but then suddenly develops pneumonia - the most common hospital-associated infection (HAI). (
  • ERASE Pneumonia is part of our comprehensive Infection Prevention Solutions program designed to help you prevent hospital-acquired infections. (
  • Pneumonia is a lung infection that annually sickens millions of people in the United States, resulting in approximately 500,000 hospitalizations and thousands of deaths. (
  • Pneumonia is an infection of the lower respiratory tract that causes symptoms such as difficulty in breathing, fever, chest pains and cough. (
  • Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) is a serious infection that causes inflammation and fluid buildup in your lungs . (
  • A severe form of lobar pneumonia caused by infection with Friedländer's bacillus and characterized by swelling of the affected lobe. (
  • An unusual pneumonia-like infection has sickened 160 or more people in recent weeks in Hong Kong, Vietnam, and Canada. (
  • Pneumonia is an infection of the lungs, usually caused by a virus but sometimes by bacteria. (
  • What health officials at the WHO now are calling 'atypical pneumonia' also appears to be an infection of the lungs but is marked by a dry, hacking cough -- unlike pneumonia's wet, gurgling cough. (
  • Pneumonia is a form of acute respiratory infection that occurs when the lungs become inflamed from breathing in polluted air, like viruses, bacteria and other dangerous toxins. (
  • Although PCP remains the most frequently seen AIDS-defining opportunistic infection in the United States and is a common cause of pneumonia in people with AIDS, its incidence appears to be declining. (
  • Pneumonia is an infection in your lungs that is usually caused by bacteria , viruses or fungi . (
  • Depending on the severity of your infection, your doctor will diagnose pneumonia. (
  • Pneumonia is usually caused by infection with viruses or bacteria, and less commonly by other microorganisms. (
  • Pneumonia caused by Mycoplasma pneumoniae may occur in association with swelling of the lymph nodes in the neck, joint pain, or a middle ear infection. (
  • Aspiration pneumonia is a type of lung infection that is due to a relatively large amount of material from the stomach or mouth entering the lungs. (
  • What Are the Signs & Symptoms of Pneumonia? (
  • The symptoms of pneumonia can develop suddenly over 24 to 48 hours, or they may come on more slowly over several days. (
  • If you feel unwell and have any other symptoms of pneumonia, contact your GP or use the regular 111 online service . (
  • The first symptoms of pneumonia usually resemble those of a cold or flu . (
  • Doctors commonly prescribe over-the-counter (OTC) medications to help manage the symptoms of pneumonia. (
  • The symptoms of pneumonia can range from mild to severe. (
  • Nabin Sapkota, MD , a board certified internist, makes an appeal to the family members of elderly patients to learn about the early symptoms of pneumonia to help save more lives. (
  • We need to educate people about the early symptoms of pneumonia in elderly patients just like we do for stroke. (
  • Early symptoms of pneumonia in elderly are very subtle and can be missed even by healthcare providers. (
  • Most elderly patients with pneumonia do not have the common or specific symptoms of pneumonia that you read on medical websites and textbooks. (
  • Instead, I will give you a simple explanation of how symptoms of pneumonia appear so that you will be able to make sense of any symptom you notice. (
  • The doctor explains, "The symptoms of pneumonia can be explored at two different levels: the organ level and the body level. (
  • JENNY MEYER: What should parents be alert for when it comes to signs and symptoms of pneumonia in young children? (
  • NS:So in terms of signs and symptoms of pneumonia, it's really fast breathing and cough. (
  • Walking pneumonia (also called atypical pneumonia because it's different from the typical bacterial pneumonia) is common in teens and is often caused by a tiny microorganism, Mycoplasma pneumoniae (pronounced: my-co-PLAZ-ma noo-MO-nee-ay). (
  • When it develops independently from another disease it is called primary atypical pneumonia (PAP). (
  • The distinction was historically considered important, as it differentiated those more likely to present with "typical" respiratory symptoms and lobar pneumonia from those more likely to present with "atypical" generalized symptoms (such as fever, headache, sweating and myalgia) and bronchopneumonia. (
  • Distinction between atypical and typical pneumonia is, however, medically insufficient. (
  • Primary atypical pneumonia" is called primary because it develops independently of other diseases. (
  • Atypical pneumonia" is atypical in that it is caused by atypical organisms (other than Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, and Moraxella catarrhalis). (
  • In addition, this form of pneumonia is atypical in presentation with only moderate amounts of sputum, no consolidation, only small increases in white cell counts, and no alveolar exudate. (
  • At the time that atypical pneumonia was first described, organisms like Mycoplasma, Chlamydophila, and Legionella were not yet recognized as bacteria and instead considered viruses. (
  • In literature the term atypical pneumonia (contrasted with bacterial pneumonia) is still in use, though incorrect. (
  • For example, atypical pneumonia is used by some medical personnel to mean mild or "walking" pneumonia, while others use it to describe pneumonia caused by Mycoplasma pneumoniae . (
  • Mycoplasma pneumoniae and atypical pneumonia. (
  • Eaton MD, Meiklejohn G, VanHerick W. Studies on the etiology of primary atypical pneumonia: a filterable agent transmissible to cotton rats, hamsters, and chick embryos. (
  • See primary atypical pneumonia . (
  • There was an outbreak of something called atypical pneumonia -- which is a similar syndrome, if you like -- which was in southern China between the end of November and early February. (
  • Pneumonia was historically divided into "typical" and "atypical" based on the belief that the presentation predicted the underlying cause. (
  • It's common for pneumonia to affect both lungs, so don't worry if your doctor says this is what you have - it doesn't mean you're twice as sick. (
  • Pneumonia is swelling (inflammation) of the tissue in one or both lungs. (
  • Pneumonia is a disease of the lung tissue that involves inflammation of the alveoli (air sacs in the lungs where O 2 and CO 2 are exchanged). (
  • Pneumonia is not bronchitis (inflammation of the bronchial tissue), and it's not pleurisy (inflammation of the pleural lining of the lungs and chest), although both can produce some symptoms similar to pneumonias. (
  • One of my sons developed pneumonia out of the blue when he was two, responded rapidly to antibiotics and has had no real problems with his lungs ever since. (
  • During pneumonia, inflammation may be limited to the air sacs called alveoli of the lung, a condition known as lobar pneumonia, or it may occur in patches throughout the lungs, originating in the airways and spreading to the alveoli (bronchopneumonia). (
  • Indeed, cough is a main symptom of pneumonia and carries vital information on the lower respiratory tract - consolidation of the lungs and secretions in particular. (
  • But for all the beautiful things a child's lungs can do, they also provide a breeding ground for many of the deadliest diseases affecting children: tuberculosis (TB), asthma, and pneumonia. (
  • Pneumonia is beyond flu and bronchitis, usually affecting the respiratory system and both lungs to the point where breathing is nearly impossible and it doesn't go away within a week. (
  • For example, young people may develop and cough up sputum (mucus and saliva) when they have pneumonia - an unpleasant but healthy response, as it means the body is working naturally to clear up the lungs. (
  • Because some of the air sacs in the lungs are filled with fluid in a child with pneumonia, she may breathe rapidly to take in more oxygen. (
  • Pneumonia can impact one or both lungs, and be located at the top or bottom of a child's lung. (
  • Pneumonia is an inflammation of the lungs characterized by fever , chills, muscle stiffness, chest pain, cough, shortness of breath, rapid heart rate and difficulty in breathing. (
  • The pneumonia vaccine helps your body fight pneumococcal (nu-mo-KOCK-al) bacteria, which attacks the lungs and can cause pneumonia. (
  • WASHINGTON (Reuters) - A common cause of pneumonia can kill by causing bleeding in the lungs, researchers said on Thursday in a finding that may explain why antibiotics fail to save many patients. (
  • At organ level, pneumonia is a disease of the lungs. (
  • The reason that dog pneumonia is so dangerous is because it causes a significant amount of inflammation in the lining of the lungs, leading to extreme breathing difficulties. (
  • However, in the case of dog pneumonia, this leads to constant coughing as the dog attempts to alleviate the lungs of that mucus. (
  • They make up the majority of normal oral flora and the presence of putrid fluid in the lungs is highly suggestive of aspiration pneumonia secondary to an anaerobic organism. (
  • Types of bacterial pneumonia include pneumococcal pneumonia, mycoplasma pneumonia ( walking pneumonia ), and pertussis ( whooping cough ). (
  • Mycoplasma pneumonia usually affects people younger than 40. (
  • Isozumi R, Yoshimine H, Morozumi M, Ubukata K, Ariyoshi K. Adult community-acquired pneumonia caused by macrolide resistant Mycoplasma pneumoniae. (
  • Antimicrobial therapy of macrolide-resistant Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia in children. (
  • Copete AR, Aguilar YA, Rueda ZV, Vélez LA. Genotyping and macrolide resistance of Mycoplasma pneumoniae identified in children with community-acquired pneumonia in Medellín, Colombia. (
  • Comparison of Efficacy of Antimicrobial Agents Among Hospitalized Patients With Mycoplasma pneumoniae Pneumonia in Japan During Large Epidemics of Macrolide-Resistant M. pneumoniae Infections: A Nationwide Observational Study. (
  • Streptococcus pneumoniae is the usual cause, but other bacteria (such as Staphylococcus aureus or Mycoplasma pneumoniae) can cause pneumonia, too. (
  • Respiratory pathogens that commonly cause walking pneumonia are bacteria (including Mycoplasma pneumoniae , Legionella pneumophila , G. pneumoniae ), a number of viruses, and fungi, as well as inhaled food or drink. (
  • Bacteria such as Streptococcus pneumoniae can cause pneumonia, too. (
  • When pneumonia is caused by bacteria, a person tends to become sick quickly, develop a high fever, and have difficulty breathing. (
  • If you have a chronic illness, such as sickle cell disease, you may have received extra vaccinations and disease-preventing antibiotics to help prevent pneumonia and other infections caused by bacteria. (
  • Less often, bacteria can cause pneumonia. (
  • The antibiotic they use depends on the type of bacteria thought to have caused the pneumonia. (
  • In general, pneumonia is not contagious, but the upper respiratory viruses and bacteria that lead to it are. (
  • The most common causative organisms are (often intracellular living) bacteria: Chlamydophila pneumoniae Mild form of pneumonia with relatively mild symptoms. (
  • Although bacteria and viruses cause the majority of pneumonias, there can be other causes such as fungi, parasites, chemicals, and physical injury to the lung tissue. (
  • However, Legionnaires diseaseis a type of bacterial pneumonia that is transmitted by breathing in water vapor contaminated with Legionella bacteria. (
  • Pneumonia is usually caused by bacteria or a virus. (
  • Bacteria are the most common cause of pneumonia in adults. (
  • The bacteria, known as streptococcus pneumoniae is the main cause of the most typical pneumonia. (
  • There are numerous organisms that can cause pneumonia in the elderly, but the most common ones are those from bacteria or viruses. (
  • Pediatric pneumonia can be caused by a bacteria, virus, fungus or parasites (in rare occasions). (
  • Bacteria and viruses are the main causes of pneumonia infections. (
  • If you are diagnosed with walking pneumonia caused by bacteria, you will be prescribed an antibiotic.Your medical provider will choose an antibiotic based on your history and presentation. (
  • It can be caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites, and is difficult to diagnose because other noninfectious ailments can mimic pneumonia. (
  • Pneumonia believed to be due to bacteria is treated with antibiotics. (
  • Pneumonia is due to infections caused primarily by bacteria or viruses and less commonly by fungi and parasites. (
  • Bacterial colonization: Poor oral hygiene can result in colonization of the mouth with excessive amounts of bacteria, which is linked to increased incidence of aspiration pneumonia. (
  • Bacteria involved in aspiration pneumonia may be either aerobic or anaerobic. (
  • Common aerobic bacteria involved include: Streptococcus pneumoniae Staphylococcus aureus Haemophilus influenzae Pseudomonas aeruginosa Klebsiella: often seen in aspiration lobar pneumonia in alcoholics Anaerobic bacteria also play a key role in the pathogenesis of aspiration pneumonia. (
  • Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) and other healthcare-associated pneumonias are important, common healthcare-associated infections, but national surveillance for VAP has long been a challenge because of the lack of objective, reliable definitions. (
  • In-plan surveillance for ventilator-associated pneumonia (pedVAP) using the criteria found in this chapter is restricted to patients of any age in pediatric locations (excludes neonatal locations). (
  • Thereafter, community-acquired pneumonia, hospital-acquired and ventilator-associated pneumonia, and aspiration pneumonia will be considered separately, considering aspects of management specifically relevant to each. (
  • Ventilator-associated pneumonia. (
  • Invasive and noninvasive strategies for management of suspected ventilator-associated pneumonia. (
  • A randomized trial of diagnostic techniques for ventilator-associated pneumonia. (
  • Clinical practice guidelines for hospital-acquired pneumonia and ventilator-associated pneumonia in adults. (
  • Management of adults with hospital-acquired and ventilator-associated pneumonia: 2016 clinical practice guidelines by the Infectious Diseases Society of America and the American Thoracic Society. (
  • Comparison of 8 vs 15 days of antibiotic therapy for ventilator-associated pneumonia in adults: a randomized trial. (
  • Pugin J. Clinical signs and scores for the diagnosis of ventilator-associated pneumonia. (
  • Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) in a critically ill patient significantly increases risk of mortality and, at a minimum, increases ventilator time, length of stay, and cost of care. (
  • This How-to Guide describes key evidence-based care components of the IHI Ventilator Bundle which has been linked to prevention of ventilator-associated pneumonia. (
  • Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is defined as pneumonia in a patient intubated and ventilated at the time of or within 48 hours before the onset of the event. (
  • People in these groups are more likely to need hospital treatment if they develop pneumonia. (
  • Approximately 4 out of every 100 children in the United States develop pneumonia each year. (
  • If a child does develop pneumonia, it is usually due to a virus. (
  • The particles get infected, and you develop pneumonia. (
  • An observational study has found that elderly residents in nursing facilities with normal blood zinc concentrations were about 50 percent less likely to develop pneumonia. (
  • The scientists found that those with normal blood zinc concentrations were about 50 percent less likely to develop pneumonia than those with low concentrations. (
  • Those with normal zinc status were not only less likely to develop pneumonia, they also had fewer new prescriptions for antibiotics, a shorter duration of pneumonia, and fewer days of antibiotic use compared with residents who had low zinc levels. (
  • Like the typical bacterial pneumonia, walking pneumonia also can be treated with antibiotics. (
  • If your child has bacterial pneumonia and the doctor prescribed antibiotics, give the medicine on schedule for as long as directed. (
  • Until the development of antibiotics, pneumonia was the number one cause of death in the United States, and recently, strains of the most common cause of bacterial pneumonia (Streptococcus pneumoniae) have emerged that are penicillin resistant. (
  • When the researchers took into account all the factors they believed may have influenced the outcome including age, sex, asthma, smoking, antibiotics for lung conditions and previous pneumonia, they found that there was no significant effect of vaccination on the risk of CAP in the participants. (
  • If your child needs to be treated for bacterial pneumonia in the hospital, she may be given fluids and antibiotics through an IV. (
  • After Clinton was diagnosed with pneumonia and put on antibiotics, she did not, as her physician recommended, take time out to rest. (
  • There are several antibiotics are usually prescribed for the treatment of walking pneumonia, including macrolide antibiotics, which are often prescribed for children and adults. (
  • If diagnosed accurately and early, pneumonia treatment can be accomplished with a three-to-five day course of antibiotics costing just $0.40. (
  • Those at the greatest risk for contracting pneumonia include adults age 65 and older, children younger than five years of age, people with underlying chronic medical conditions such as diabetes, those who have compromised immunity, those who smoke or are exposed to smoke, and people who have asthma. (
  • In general, occult pneumonia is rather often present in patients with pneumonia and can also be caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae, as the decrease of occult pneumonia after vaccination of children with a pneumococcal vaccine suggests. (
  • Bacterial pneumonia is very common, leading to an estimated 900,000 cases of pneumococcal pneumonia being diagnosed in the United States each year and accounting for most pneumonia-related deaths. (
  • Vaccines, particularly the new pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV), can prevent a significant portion of the deadliest pneumonia cases. (
  • Necrotizing pneumococcal pneumonia in childhood. (
  • Before a vaccine was introduced in 2000, there were 500,000 cases of pneumococcal pneumonia every year in the United States, with up to 40,000 of them serious. (
  • Pneumonia is often caused by viruses, such as the influenza virus (flu) and adenovirus . (
  • According to national statistics, approximately 26,000 people died from pneumonia and influenza in England and Wales in 2013. (
  • Pneumonia is common, and can be a complication from a lingering cold or bout with influenza or bronchitis. (
  • Pneumonia often develops as a complication following an attack of influenza. (
  • Pneumonia and influenza together are ranked as the eighth leading cause of death in the U.S. (
  • For each year of the study (2000, 2001 and 2002), the researchers were interested in whether or not the participants who contracted pneumonia had been given that year's influenza vaccine. (
  • Influenza ( flu ) A and B viruses are the most common causes of pneumonia in adults. (
  • It's common for a person with pneumonia to start out with something milder like a cough or sore throat - which also can happen in other infections. (
  • Pneumonias can result in fluid accumulation in alveoli (congestion, with poor gas exchange) and produce the typical signs and symptoms of cough , shortness of breath , and often fever and chest pain , especially when coughing . (
  • Mycoplasmal pneumonia should be considered as a possible etiology in any patient who presents with three weeks or more of a steadily progressive cough. (
  • A new method, which analyzes the sounds in a child's cough, could soon be used in poor, remote regions to diagnose childhood pneumonia reliably. (
  • Abeyratne and team's work identifies an easy-to-use alternative that addresses these challenges, in the form of new technology which analyzes cough sounds to diagnose pneumonia. (
  • The researchers analyzed 815 cough events recorded from a total of 91 hospitalized children with and without pneumonia, at the Sardjito Hospital of Gadjah Mada University in Indonesia. (
  • From the analysis of cough sounds alone, this new technique was able to identify pneumonia cases with over 90 percent sensitivity, meaning that it identifies most patients who actually have pneumonia. (
  • The authors conclude: "Our results indicate the feasibility of taking a cough-centered approach to the diagnosis of childhood pneumonia in resource-poor regions. (
  • Cough Sound Analysis Can Rapidly Diagnose Childhood Pneumonia. (
  • The onset of walking pneumonia is usually gradual, with nonproductive cough, mild fever, body aches and headaches. (
  • Infants infected with these organisms present between age 4-11 weeks with an afebrile pneumonia characterized by a staccato cough, tachypnea, and, occasionally, hypoxia. (
  • The most noticeable sign of dog pneumonia is often a persistent, productive cough. (
  • Whooping cough and pneumonia: Good? (
  • Risk factors for pneumonia include cystic fibrosis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), sickle cell disease, asthma, diabetes, heart failure, a history of smoking, a poor ability to cough (such as following a stroke), and a weak immune system. (
  • Play media People with infectious pneumonia often have a productive cough, fever accompanied by shaking chills, shortness of breath, sharp or stabbing chest pain during deep breaths, and an increased rate of breathing. (
  • The term was introduced in the 1930s and was contrasted with the bacterial pneumonia caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae, at that time the best known and most commonly occurring form of pneumonia. (
  • Babies and young children may get pneumonia from respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), for example, and infants may get it from group B streptococcus (GBS) acquired at birth, during delivery. (
  • Streptococcus pneumonia is the major cause of community-acquired, rather than hospital-acquired, pneumonia. (
  • They found that urine from patients infected with pneumonia caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae had a telltale chemical profile that clearly distinguished those people from healthy individuals or patients with other ailments. (
  • Image Caption: Streptococcus pneumoniae, growing in this laboratory culture dish, cause community-acquired pneumonia. (
  • Pneumonia caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae is associated with rusty colored sputum. (
  • You might have heard the terms "double pneumonia" or "walking pneumonia. (
  • Walking pneumonia refers to pneumonia that is mild enough that you may not even know you have it. (
  • Walking pneumonia (First question answer: Pneumonia doesn't walk, but patients with "walking pneumonia" do! (
  • The major difference between pneumonia and walking pneumonia are the severity of symptoms, with walking pneumonia having the least severe symptoms in most individuals. (
  • Chlamydia pneumoniae usually causes a type of relatively mild "walking pneumonia. (
  • A mild pneumonia in an otherwise healthy person is likely to be a community-acquired walking pneumonia, such as that caused by Chlamydia pneumoniae . (
  • What Is Walking Pneumonia? (
  • Walking pneumonia is a mild case of pneumonia. (
  • When you have walking pneumonia, your symptoms may not be as severe or last as long as someone who has a more serious case of pneumonia. (
  • You probably won't need bed rest or to stay in the hospital when you have walking pneumonia. (
  • Walking pneumonia is contagious and is spread through contact with droplets from the nose or throat of an infected person - it is commonly spread when a person with walking pneumonia sneezes or coughs. (
  • It is important to see your medical provider right away if you start having symptoms of walking pneumonia. (
  • shows threshold values for cultured specimens used in the surveillance diagnosis of pneumonia. (
  • it does not describe the cause of the pneumonia-like symptoms and is often used as a preliminary diagnosis without good evidence (a chest X-ray or other tests) that pneumonia is actually present. (
  • For instance, if the mother of a baby sick with pneumonia is positive for a sexually transmitted disease caused by Chlamydia trachomatis , the diagnosis is obvious. (
  • The chapter will begin with an overview of pathological-clinical correlates in pneumonia, and of the principles of diagnosis and treatment that can be broadly applied to all pneumonias. (
  • Pneumonia in adults: diagnosis and management. (
  • The lack of laboratory testing facilities and trained healthcare personnel in these regions mean difficulties in the timely diagnosis and adequate treatment of childhood pneumonia. (
  • Such a system, if successful, is expected to be a paradigm-shifting novelty in the field of pneumonia diagnosis in remote regions. (
  • Karni notes that the surrogates were instructed to defend Clinton's decision to keep the pneumonia diagnosis private, noting that she "has more than met the standard set four years ago by President Obama and Mitt Romney in terms of disclosing details about her health. (
  • Robinson JL, Meier K, Lee BE, Larke B. Could urine be useful for the diagnosis of Chlamydia trachomatis pneumonia in infancy? (
  • This is the first study to demonstrate that NMR-based analysis of metabolites in urine has the potential to provide rapid diagnosis of the cause of pneumonia," said Slupsky, an assistant professor in UC Davis' departments of Nutrition, and Food Science and Technology. (
  • Due to the lack of cost-effective pneumonia treatment and diagnosis, nearly all pneumonia-related deaths in children occur in developing countries. (
  • Doctors treat bacterial pneumonia with an antibiotic taken by mouth. (
  • How long after you begin antibiotic treatment for pneumonia are you no longer contagious to other people? (
  • We can effectively treat children for pneumonia using amoxicillin, an antibiotic that costs less than $1 per dose. (
  • Early treatment of your pneumonia with an antibiotic can prevent you from developing life-threatening complications. (
  • Previous studies have shown that more than 80 percent of patients admitted to the hospital with pneumonia are misdiagnosed, leading to delays in treatment with the appropriate antibiotic. (
  • Once a faster breathing rate is detected, the workers can diagnose pneumonia and give suitable antibiotic treatment rather than misdiagnose a cold and send the child home where they may die. (
  • The FDA said that the intravenous antibiotic daptomycin (Cubicin) may be linked to an increased risk of eosinophilic pneumonia -- a rare but serious potential side effect -- and requested that a new drug label warning be added. (
  • The New York Times now reports that Hillary Clinton was diagnosed with pneumonia by her physical Lisa Bardack this past Friday. (
  • A fter recovering from pneumonia, Democratic presidential nominee Hillary Clinton says 'it's great' to be back on the campaign trail. (
  • So now that the story has changed several times, are we supposed to trust them when they tell us that Hillary Clinton truly does have pneumonia? (
  • Aspiration pneumonia is the leading cause of death for those suffering from Parkinson's Disease, and if you have not read the article that I did linking Hillary Clinton with Parkinson's Disease you can find it right here . (
  • R epublican presidential nominee Donald Trump does an impression of Hillary Clinton doubling over from her recent outbreak of pneumonia . (
  • U.S. Democratic presidential contender Hillary Clinton is suffering from pneumonia, her doctor said after the former secretary of state abruptly left a memorial service marking the 15th anniversary of the 9/11 terrorist attacks in New York. (
  • Pneumonia is caused by a variety of organisms, therefore depending on the organism that causes a particular case of pneumonia , the time that one is contagious varies. (
  • Spokesman Bob Gunnell said Saturday, Dec. 20, 2014, that the 72-year-old boxing great has been hospitalized with a mild case of pneumonia and is in stable condition. (
  • Boxing great Muhammad Ali was hospitalized with a mild case of pneumonia that was caught early and should result in a short hospital stay, an Ali spokesman said Saturday night. (
  • He has a mild case of pneumonia and the prognosis is good. (
  • Other viruses, such as respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and human metapneumovirus , are common causes of pneumonia in young kids and babies. (
  • Viruses, like the flu or RSV (respiratory syncytial virus) , cause most cases of pneumonia. (
  • If you have been diagnosed with respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) pneumonia, you may receive ribavirin to limit the spread of viruses. (
  • Some fungal infections can lead to pneumonia, especially in people with weakened immune systems. (
  • Fungal pneumonia - i.e. (
  • Moreover, upper respiratory tract infections and acute bronchitis -- not PCP, bacterial pneumonia, TB, KS, or fungal infections -- are the most frequent causes of respiratory symptoms in HIV-infected individuals. (
  • You can also get pneumonia through aspiration. (
  • I've encountered a case in which a 5-day old puppy was brought in the clinic with hemoptysis, I concluded that it was aspiration pneumonia because the puppy was only been nursed by the owner. (
  • A case of aspiration pneumonia would explain all of the coughing fits that Clinton has been experiencing, and it would be perfectly consistent with what Dr. Ted Noel and other health professionals have been saying about her medical condition. (
  • Among people hospitalized with pneumonia, about 10% are due to aspiration. (
  • If left untreated, aspiration pneumonia can progress to form a lung abscess. (
  • Aspiration pneumonia is often caused by a defective swallowing mechanism, such as a neurological disease or as the result of an injury that directly impairs swallowing or interferes with consciousness. (
  • While swallowing dysfunction is associated with aspiration pneumonia, dysphagia may not be sufficient unless other risk factors are present. (
  • Ethnicity: Asians diagnosed with aspiration pneumonia have a lower risk of death compared to other ethnic groups while African Americans and whites share a relatively similar risk of death. (
  • While it is difficult to confirm the presence of anaerobes through cultures, the treatment of aspiration pneumonia typically includes anaerobic coverage regardless. (
  • Approximately 8.7% of children with pneumonia required hospitalization. (
  • Hospitalization for pneumonia may be required if symptoms are especially bad or if an individual has a weakened immune system or other serious illnesses. (
  • Overall, 45 patients (41%) developed pneumonia, with the majority (29/45) occurring during the first 3 days of hospitalization. (
  • In an active population-based surveillance for community-acquired pneumonia requiring hospitalization in five hospitals in Chicago and Nashville from January 2010 through June 2012, 2259 patients were identified who had radiographic evidence of pneumonia and specimens that could be tested for the responsible pathogen. (
  • As the disease progresses, however, the look can tend to lobar pneumonia. (
  • Pneumonia can be difficult to diagnose because it shares many symptoms with other conditions, such as the common cold , bronchitis and asthma . (
  • Is It Bronchitis or Pneumonia? (
  • Mayo Clinic: "Bronchitis," "Pneumonia. (
  • I frequently get bronchitis and it's that awkward middle part between flu and pneumonia. (
  • Bloody sputum (known as hemoptysis) may also occur with tuberculosis, Gram-negative pneumonia, lung abscesses and more commonly acute bronchitis. (
  • Legionella pneumophila Causes a severe form of pneumonia with a relatively high mortality rate, known as legionellosis or Legionnaires' disease. (
  • For at-risk groups, pneumonia can be severe and may need to be treated in hospital. (
  • The term implies a more severe pneumonia, but the term is imprecise as it doesn't indicate the cause or how severe the pneumonia is. (
  • Today this disease, manifesting as a severe and often fatal pneumonia in immunocompromised patients, is of increasing importance to pediatricians and other specialists around the world. (
  • Some pneumonia cases are mild, but they can also be severe. (
  • Simpson said the WHO had been tracking since last November a similar outbreak in China of a severe respiratory disease -- that, like SARS, was neither flu nor ordinary pneumonia. (
  • The reason why we say 24 hours is because after that time the child can easily go into severe pneumonia which is more difficult to treat and it can also cause additional long term complications. (
  • If the pneumonia is severe, the affected person is generally hospitalized. (
  • We provide pneumonia prevention solutions for every level of care. (
  • Since 2009, the world annually observes World Pneumonia Day on November 12 to promote the awareness, prevention and protection from the primary infectious cause of child preventable deaths. (
  • It has long been known that acute respiratory infections, including pneumonia and others, were responsible for a large number of deaths in children throughout the world. (
  • M. pneumoniae causes a widespread but rarely fatal pneumonia in humans. (
  • If patients with pneumonia due to M pneumoniae require admission, use of standard and droplet precautions are recommended for the duration of the illness. (
  • In the treatment of mycoplasmal pneumonia, antimicrobials against M pneumoniae are bacteriostatic, not bactericidal. (
  • S. pneumoniae infects the upper respiratory tract, causing pneumonia, meningitis and ear infections in the elderly and young children. (
  • The elderly and people with impaired immunity tend to have less pronounced symptoms and less fever, even though pneumonia is more dangerous among these patients. (
  • ︉ Classic bacterial pneumonia starts suddenly with shivering fits, fever, pains in the chest and coughing . (
  • Call your doctor right away if you suspect your child has pneumonia, especially if she has a fever of over 102 degrees Fahrenheit (or over 100.4 degrees Fahrenheit if your baby is under 6 months old), or has fast or labored breathing. (
  • Children with bacterial pneumonia usually have sudden symptoms - high fever, rapid breathing, and coughing. (
  • Getting enough fluids is vital to fight the dehydration from rapid breathing and fever that's often a side effect of pneumonia. (
  • Yes, pneumonia is normally in the presents of a fever also, also it does hurt, sometimes even to the touch. (
  • Pneumonia, a leading killer of young children for more than 30 years, causes fever and a faster breathing rate. (
  • Symptoms of eosinophilic pneumonia include new-onset or worsening fever, dyspnea, difficulty breathing, and new lung infiltrates seen with chest imaging. (
  • Unicef says pneumonia is still one of the leading causes of death in babies and young children in the Pacific region and parents should be alert to rapid breathing, coughing and a fever. (
  • Pneumocystis jirovecii , the fungus that causes Pneumocystis pneumonia . (
  • New research shows that adults with systemic lupus erythematosus, who receive trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SMX), a prophylactic therapy to help prevent pneumocystis pneumonia, are at high risk for adverse reactions to the drug, particularly if they are also positive for anti-Smith (anti-Sm) antibodies. (
  • Hospital admissions for Pneumocystis pneumonia in HIV-infected individuals are significantly more common in the summer months, US research shows. (
  • Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) has historically been antiretroviral drugs remain at high risk, and PCP continues one of the leading causes of disease among persons with to develop in certain groups in industrialized countries. (
  • What Is Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP)? (
  • You also can stay strong and help avoid some of the illnesses that might lead to pneumonia by eating as healthily as possible, getting a minimum of 8 to 10 hours of sleep a night, and not smoking. (
  • There are also some fungi that occur in the soil in certain parts of the United States that can lead to pneumonia. (
  • There are various viruses that can lead to pneumonia. (
  • With treatment, most types of bacterial pneumonia are cured in 1-2 weeks. (
  • For the treatment of pneumonia, it is important to know the exact causal organism. (
  • Treatment options for pneumonia depend on which type you have. (
  • Treatment depends on the type and severity of the pneumonia. (
  • What's the treatment for pneumonia? (
  • Treatment of chlamydial pneumonia of infancy. (
  • George Michael has postponed a series of concerts, including two this weekend in Cardiff, after being taken to hospital for treatment for pneumonia. (
  • A rapid, accurate diagnostic test for pneumonia could save lives by enabling doctors to begin appropriate treatment earlier. (
  • Despite a decade of advances in prophylaxis and treatment of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia, PCP is still a major threat to HIV-infected individuals. (
  • The Chief of Health and Nutrition for UNICEF Pacific, Dr Naawa Siplinayambe, told Jenny Meyer childhood vaccinations, good hygiene and nutrition, can help protect children but parents should be aware of the three key signs of pneumonia and seek early treatment. (
  • Should You Get a Pneumonia Vaccine? (
  • Ask your provider if you need a pneumonia vaccine . (
  • Should I get a pneumonia vaccine? (
  • Some people have allergic reactions to the pneumonia vaccine. (
  • The Incredible Hulk" star revealed on Instagram he was hospitalized this week after he went to get a pneumonia shot - presumably a vaccine - and ended up with fluid in his bicep. (
  • Pneumonia can occur in young and healthy people, but it is most dangerous for older adults, infants, people with other diseases, and those with impaired immune systems. (
  • In fact, this condition is the fourth leading cause of mortality among seniors - 90 percent of all pneumonia deaths occur in the older population. (
  • Dog pneumonia is not a particularly common illness in dogs, but when it does occur, it can be fatal. (
  • Pneumonia caused by Legionella may occur with abdominal pain, diarrhea, or confusion. (
  • In developed nations, pneumonia is a serious concern in adults over age 65. (
  • BTS guidelines for the management of community acquired pneumonia in adults: update 2009. (
  • Older adults hospitalized just once for pneumonia may suffer functional and cognitive decline. (
  • Those at high risk for pneumonia include older adults, the very young, and people with underlying health problems. (
  • For healthy adults with no underlying illnesses, pneumonia does not generally cause alarm, as it can be treated appropriately. (
  • Children will experience pneumonia symptoms differently than adults - they may not have symptoms or they can be subtle. (
  • Because of this, the World Health Organization (WHO) set up the Child Health Epidemiology Reference Group (CHERG) to further study the incidence of childhood pneumonia. (
  • More than half of all worldwide cases of childhood pneumonia occurred in just five countries: China, India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Indonesia, and Nigeria. (
  • It is strongly suspected that the overall number of cases of childhood pneumonia was underestimated in this study because of the strict inclusion criteria and the difficulty of determining cause of death in infants. (
  • Factors that increased the risk of developing childhood pneumonia included malnutrition, low birth weight, lack of breast feeding, crowded living quarters, indoor air pollution, and lack of measles vaccination. (
  • According to Udantha Abeyratne from the University of Queensland in Australia and colleagues, this simple technique of recording coughs with a microphone on the patient's bedside table, has the potential to revolutionize the management of childhood pneumonia in remote regions around the world. (
  • Childhood pneumonia may also be mistaken for appendicitis . (
  • NAAWA SIPLINAYAMBE:Childhood pneumonia currently is one of the leading causes of death in children under five in the Pacific. (
  • What can be done at the government level to try and tackle the problem of childhood pneumonia in babies and young children? (
  • 3. Sir William Osler Sir William Osler, known as 'the father of modern medicine,' appreciated the morbidity and mortality of pneumonia, describing it as the 'captain of the men of death' in 1918, as it had overtaken tuberculosis as one of the leading causes of death in his time. (
  • Tuberculosis can also cause pneumonia, and it can take two weeks or longer of therapy before an infected person is no longer contagious. (
  • This silence is frustrating as pneumonia is a disease that kills 1.1 million children every year and can be prevented with simple solutions that also protect against related child killers like tuberculosis and diarrhea. (
  • Pneumonia and tuberculosis experts can't go to a conference and spend a week sitting in separate rooms, just like a child cannot sit in multiple waiting rooms in multiple clinics to receive the care he or she needs. (
  • Chlamydia pneumonia mimicking miliary tuberculosis. (
  • In the United States in 2010, approximately 1.1 million patients were hospitalized for pneumonia and the average length of hospital stay was 5.2 days. (
  • A prediction rule to identify low-risk patients with community-acquired pneumonia. (
  • In fact, pneumonia patients are not even isolated in hospitals. (
  • Pneumonia is common among patients with artificial airways in place. (
  • Most prior studies of such pneumonia involve a heterogeneous group of patients, usually with major medical or surgical illnesses. (
  • We studied the incidence of pneumonia in a group of patients with isolated closed head injury (CHI) in an effort to determine the pattern of the problem in the absence of other injuries and to determine whether the pattern of development of pneumonia in these patients was comparable to that in more heterogeneous groups of mechanically ventilated patients. (
  • Patients who developed pneumonia experienced a longer ICU stay (10.5 +/- 5.4 days versus 7.2 +/- 4.3 days, p = 0.001) and hospital stay (34.8 +/- 27.6 versus 22.5 +/- 20.2 days, p = 0.01). (
  • Dr. Sapkota works as a Hospitalist at the Columbus Community Hospital in Nebraska and admits several patients with pneumonia to the ICU every week. (
  • Sometimes, it is very sad to realize that elderly patients with pneumonia die in the hospital simply because they are brought here too late. (
  • The FDA urged healthcare professionals to be on the lookout for eosinophilic pneumonia in all patients receiving daptomycin. (
  • Pneumonia can affect people of any age, but it's more common, and can be more serious, in certain groups of people, such as the very young or the elderly. (
  • Pneumonia, especially among the elderly or those already weakened by underlying illness, remains among the 10 leading causes of death today. (
  • One of the main benefits of flu jabs for the elderly - protection against pneumonia - may not exist", BBC News reported. (
  • This study found that flu vaccination appears to offer little protection from community acquired pneumonia (CAP), a common complication of flu, for relatively healthy, elderly people who do not live in institutions. (
  • The elderly are at higher risk of pneumonia. (
  • Pneumonia in the elderly should not be taken lightly. (
  • Certain factors can increase an elderly person's risk for pneumonia. (
  • Treating pneumonia in elderly people is also tricky, as conventional medications (which are already riddled with side effects) for this illness can be difficult to administer, as the kidney and the liver's ability to metabolize medications changes with old age. (
  • Serious pneumonia killed up to 100 children every year and thousands of elderly people. (
  • The study suggests that supplementation of zinc-deficient elderly may result in reduced risk of pneumonia. (
  • The elderly are also less likely to notice they have pneumonia until it's too late. (
  • A doctor may be able to diagnose pneumonia by asking about your symptoms and examining your chest. (
  • If you have mild pneumonia, you probably will not need to have a chest X-ray or any other tests. (
  • Because pneumonia is often caused by germs, a good way to prevent it is to keep your distance from anyone you know who has pneumonia or other respiratory infections. (
  • For instance, breastfeeding provides the nutrients necessary to help a baby fight off infections such as pneumonia and TB. (
  • This study examined rates of healthcare-associated infections deemed preventable by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services, such as catheter-associated bloodstream infections, catheter-associated urinary tract infections, and ventilator-associated pneumonias. (
  • You may associate pneumonia with dramatic movie scenes involving prolonged hospital stays, oxygen tents, and family members whispering in bedside huddles. (
  • Defining community acquired pneumonia severity on presentation to hospital: an international derivation and validation study. (
  • Guidelines for the management of hospital-acquired pneumonia in the UK: report of the working party on hospital-acquired pneumonia of the British Society for Antimicrobial Chemotherapy. (
  • Defining, treating and preventing hospital acquired pneumonia: European perspective. (
  • In the United States (U.S.), around 1 million people are treated in the hospital for pneumonia each year, and around 50,000 die from the disease. (
  • Patrick Swayze has checked himself into the hospital for observation after contracting pneumonia, A&E President Abbe Raven announced Friday at a meeting of the Television Critics Association. (
  • Boxing legend Muhammad Ali has landed in the hospital with pneumonia yesterday (Dec. 21). (
  • He was admitted earlier this morning and because the pneumonia was caught early, his prognosis is good with a short hospital stay expected," Gunnell said in a statement . (
  • Hulk' star Lou Ferrigno shares photo from the hospital after pneumonia shot gone awry "The Incredible Hulk" star revealed on Instagram he was hospitalized after he went to get a pneumonia shot and ended up with fluid in his bicep. (
  • Singer James Brown died of congestive heart failure on Monday, a day after being admitted to a Georgia hospital with pneumonia. (
  • Rock 'n' roll legend JERRY LEE LEWIS is reported to be in a good condition in a MEMPHIS hospital after being admitted with a bout of pneumonia on Friday (June 15). (
  • More hospital workers and other people in Hong Kong went on to develop the same kind of pneumonia-like illness. (
  • The 45-year-old's manager, Sabine Kehm, refused to comment on speculation that Schumacher has contracted "pneumonia" in hospital, as those close to him expressed their confidence he would recover from the life-threatening skiing accident which happened nearly 50 days ago. (
  • The disease may be classified by where it was acquired, such as community- or hospital-acquired or healthcare-associated pneumonia. (
  • For this reason, doctors diagnose most cases of chlamydial pneumonia by performing a physical examination of the patient, and noting the presence of certain factors. (
  • At the moment, community workers in these regions use the World Health Organization's simple clinical algorithm to diagnose pneumonia. (
  • Pneumonia can sometimes be hard to diagnose because the symptoms are the same as for a bad cold or flu. (
  • You may miss the window of opportunity to save your Grandma's life if you wait for the doctor to diagnose her pneumonia', says the Nebraska doctor. (
  • Still, the authors note that controlled clinical trials are needed to test efficacy of zinc supplementation as a low-cost intervention to reduce mortality due to pneumonia among vulnerable populations who already have low zinc levels. (
  • Pneumonia matters because it is preventable and treatable, yet it remains the main source of infectious child mortality year over year. (
  • When the inflammation is caused by an infectious microorganism, the term pneumonia is used. (
  • Children are at higher risk of pneumonia, especially when chronically ill. (
  • People with weak immune systems such as HIV-infected individuals are at higher risk of pneumonia. (
  • People who have had their spleen removed are at higher risk of pneumonia. (
  • Alcoholics and drug addicts are at higher risk of pneumonia. (
  • Many people die from pneumonia every year, most commonly women and especially people over the age of 70. (
  • Every year more than 50,000 people die from pneumonia in the United States according to the latest CDC data. (
  • Currently, pneumonia is diagnosed by a combination of clinical symptoms, X-rays and analysis of a patient's blood or sputum by bacterial culture. (