A plant genus of the family CAMPANULACEAE that contains platycodin and other triterpenoid SAPONINS. It is a constituent of kikyo-to (MEDICINE, KAMPO).
A type of glycoside widely distributed in plants. Each consists of a sapogenin as the aglycone moiety, and a sugar. The sapogenin may be a steroid or a triterpene and the sugar may be glucose, galactose, a pentose, or a methylpentose.
Substances used to obtain a lighter skin complexion or to treat HYPERPIGMENTATION disorders.
Triterpenes are a class of naturally occurring compounds consisting of six isoprene units arranged to form a 30-carbon skeleton, often found in plants and some animals, with various bioactivities including anti-inflammatory, antiviral, and cytotoxic properties.
The usually underground portions of a plant that serve as support, store food, and through which water and mineral nutrients enter the plant. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982; Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)
Concentrated pharmaceutical preparations of plants obtained by removing active constituents with a suitable solvent, which is evaporated away, and adjusting the residue to a prescribed standard.

Endophytic bacillus sp. isolated from the interior of balloon flower root. (1/25)

A bacterial strain, designated CY22, was isolated from the interior of balloon flower (Platycodon grandiflorum) root in the Republic of Korea. The isolate coproduced an iturin-like antifungal compound and a surfactin-like potent biosurfactant. Analysis of the 16S-rDNA of strain CY22 showed that the isolate was a member of Bacillus. High similarities were observed between strain CY22 and Bacillus sp. TKSP 24, and between strain CY22 and B. subtilis 168. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S-rDNA sequences showed that strain CY22 was closely related to Bacillus sp. The main whole-cell fatty acids were anteiso-C15:0 (37%), C17:0 (5.1%), and iso-C15:0 (27.7%). DNA G+C content was 54 mol%. Based on phylogenetic inference, phenotypic and chemotaxonomic characteristics, this endophytic strain Bacillus sp. CY22 was assigned to the genus Bacillus.  (+info)

Endophytic colonization of balloon flower by antifungal strain Bacillus sp. CY22. (2/25)

Endophytic Bacillus sp. CY22 was previously isolated from the root interior of the balloon flower (Platycodon grandiflorum) (Cho et al., Biosci. Biotechnol. Biochem., 66, 1270-1275 (2002)). Three-month-old balloon flower seedlings were inoculated with 10(7) cfu/ml of strain CY22R3, a rifampicin-resistant strain of CY22, and external and internal root colonization was assessed 2 and 4 weeks later. After inoculation, large numbers of bacteria were observed on the root surface by scanning electron microscopy. More detailed studies using optical and transmission electron microscopy confirmed that Bacillus sp. CY22 was endophytically established within intercellular spaces, cortical cells, and aerenchymas of root. Also, Bacillus sp. CY22 showed antibiotic activities against several phytopathogens by producing the antibiotic iturin A. In the pot test, root rot of balloon flower seedlings caused by Rhizoctonia solani was suppressed when the Bacillus sp. CY22R3 was inoculated into the soil.  (+info)

Polyphenolic compounds from Platycodon grandiflorum A. DC. (3/25)

Flavonoids and phenolic acids from the aerial parts of Platycodon grandiflorum A. DC. were analysed by isocratic TLC, MGD-TLC and HPLC methods. Four flavonoid compounds were determined including luteolin 7-O-glucoside as the main component and apigenin 7-O-glucoside, luteolin and apigenin. When performing HPLC analysis, 12 phenolic acids in the free, depside and glycoside forms were identified. Among them, 3,4-dimethoxycinnamic, caffeic, chlorogenic, ferulic, isoferulic, homovanillic, alpha-resorcylic, m-coumaric, p-coumaric, p-hydroxybenzoic, 2-hydroxy-4-methoxybenzoic and 2,3-dihydroxybenzoic acids.  (+info)

Five new triterpenoid saponins from the roots of Platycodon grandiflorum. (4/25)

Five new triterpenoid saponins, platycoside H [3-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-(1-->6)-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-2beta,3beta,16alpha,23-t etrahydroxyolean-12-en-28-oic acid 28-O-beta-D-xylopyranosyl-(1-->4)-alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1-->2)-alpha-L-arabino pyranoside], platycoside I [3-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-(1-->6)-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-(1-->6)-beta-D-glucopyra nosyl-2beta,3beta,16alpha,23-tetrahydroxyolean-12-en-28-oic acid 28-O-beta-D-xylopyranosyl-(1-->4)-alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1-->2)-alpha-L-arabino pyranoside], platycoside J [3-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-2beta,3beta,16alpha,23-tetrahydroxyolean-12-en-28-oic acid 28-O-beta-D-xylopyranosyl-(1-->4)-alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1-->2)-alpha-L-arabino pyranoside], platycoside K [3-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-(1-->3)-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-2beta,3beta,16alpha,23,2 4-pentahydroxyolean-12-en-28-oic acid], and platycoside L [3-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-(1-->6)-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-2beta,3beta,16alpha,23,2 4-pentahydroxyolean-12-en-28 oic acid], and three known triterpenoid saponins, platycoside F, platycoside B, and platycoside C, were isolated from the roots of Platycodon grandiflorum A. DC. Their chemical structures were elucidated on the basis of their spectral data and chemical evidence.  (+info)

Inhibitory effect of the saponins derived from roots of Platycodon grandiflorum on carrageenan-induced inflammation. (5/25)

Previous studies have reported that the saponins isolated from the roots of Platycodon grandiflorum A. DC (Campanulaceae), Changkil saponins (CKS), inhibited cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) expression in cultured lipopolysaccharide-activated macrophages. The aim of this presented study was to confirm the anti-inflammatory effects of CKS by examining their effect on the inflammatory response induced by carrageenan in a rat by using an acute air pouch inflammation model. CKS significantly reduced the levels of the inflammatory process markers in the air pouch, such as the volume of exudates, the amount of protein and the number of leukocytes and neutrophils. The levels of TNF-alpha and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) were also markedly lower in the air pouch of the CKS-treated animals than in the controls. An immunoblot analysis showed that CKS reduced the COX-2 expression level in the exudate cells. In addition, CKS significantly reduced the paw edema induced by carrageenan and also markedly reduced the level of PGE2 production in the inflamed paw. These results suggest that CKS had significant anti-inflammatory effects in vivo.  (+info)

New A-ring lactone triterpenoid saponins from the roots of Platycodon grandiflorum. (6/25)

Three new A-ring lactone triterpenoid saponins, platycoside M-1 [3-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl platycogenic acid A lactone], platycoside M-2 [3-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl platycogenic acid A lactone 28-O-alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1-->2)-alpha-L-arabinopyranoside], and platycoside M-3 [3-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl platycogenic acid A lactone 28-O-beta-D-xylopyranosyl-(1-->4)-alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1-->2)-alpha-L-arabino pyranoside], were isolated from the roots of Platycodon grandiflorum A. DC. Their chemical structures were elucidated on the basis of their spectral data and chemical evidence.  (+info)

Protective effects of Platycodi radix on alcohol-induced fatty liver. (7/25)

The protective effects of Platycodi radix (PR), the root of Platycodon grandiflorum A. DC, on alcohol-induced fatty liver and possible mechanisms involved in this protection were investigated in rats. Administration of PR significantly prevented alcohol-induced elevation of serum and liver lipids. Furthermore, PR treatment normalized hepatic liver fatty acid binding protein (L-FABP) expression and cytochrome P450 2E1 (CYP2E1) activity in alcohol-treated rats. These results suggest that inhibition of CYP2E1 and regulation of L-FABP by PR play an important role in alcohol-induced hepatoprotection.  (+info)

Platycodon grandiflorum extract represses up-regulated adipocyte fatty acid binding protein triggered by a high fat feeding in obese rats. (8/25)

AIM: To investigate the effect of Platycodon grandiflorum extract (PGE) on lipid metabolism and FABP mRNA expression in subcutaneous adipose tissue of high fat diet-induced obese rats. METHODS: PGE was treated to investigate the inhibitory effect on the pre-adipocyte 3T3-L1 differentiation and pancreatic lipase activity. Male Sprague-Dawley rats with an average weight of 439.03 +/- 7.61 g were divided into four groups: the control groups that fed an experimental diet alone (C and H group) and PGE treatment groups that administered PGE along with a control diet or HFD at a concentration of 150 mg/kg body weight (C + PGE and H + PGE group, respectively) for 7 wk. Plasma total cholesterol (TC) and triglycerol (TG) concentrations were measured from the tail vein of rats. Adipocyte cell area was measured from subcutaneous adipose tissue and the fatty acid binding protein (FABP) mRNA expression was analyzed by northern blot analysis. RESULTS: PGE treatment inhibited 3T3-L1 pre-adipocyte differentiation and fat accumulation, and also decreased pancreatic lipase activity. In this experiment, PGE significantly reduced plasma TC and TG concentrations as well as body weight and subcutaneous adipose tissue weight. PGE also significantly decreased the size of subcutaneous adipocytes. Furthermore, it significantly repressed the up-regulation of FABP mRNA expression induced by a high-fat feeding in subcutaneous adipose tissue. CONCLUSION: PGE has a plasma lipid lowering-effect and anti-obesity effect in obese rats fed a high fat diet. From these results, we can suggest the possibility that PGE can be used as a food ingredient or drug component to therapeutically control obesity.  (+info)

"Platycodon" is a term that refers to a genus of plants, specifically the Balloon Flower. It is not a medical term and does not have a specific medical definition. However, in some alternative or traditional medicine practices, the roots of Platycodon grandiflorum, a species within this genus, are used. They may be referred to as "Platycodon" and are believed to have medicinal properties, such as being anti-inflammatory, antitussive, and expectorant. However, it's important to note that the effectiveness of these traditional uses has not been thoroughly studied or proven by modern scientific research.

Saponins are a type of naturally occurring chemical compound found in various plants, including soapwords, ginseng, and many others. They are known for their foaming properties, similar to that of soap, which gives them their name "saponin" derived from the Latin word "sapo" meaning soap.

Medically, saponins have been studied for their potential health benefits, including their ability to lower cholesterol levels, reduce inflammation, and boost the immune system. However, they can also have toxic effects in high concentrations, causing gastrointestinal disturbances and potentially damaging red blood cells.

Saponins are typically found in the cell walls of plants and can be extracted through various methods for use in pharmaceuticals, food additives, and cosmetics.

Skin lightening preparations are topical products or cosmetic treatments that contain ingredients intended to reduce the melanin concentration or inhibit its production in the skin, leading to a lighter skin tone. These products often include active ingredients such as hydroquinone, corticosteroids, retinoic acid, kojic acid, arbutin, or vitamin C. They work by suppressing tyrosinase, an enzyme responsible for melanin production, or causing skin cell turnover to decrease melanin-rich cells' appearance on the surface of the skin. It is essential to use these products under medical supervision and follow recommended guidelines, as improper usage can lead to skin irritation, allergic reactions, or other adverse effects.

Triterpenes are a type of natural compound that are composed of six isoprene units and have the molecular formula C30H48. They are synthesized through the mevalonate pathway in plants, fungi, and some insects, and can be found in a wide variety of natural sources, including fruits, vegetables, and medicinal plants.

Triterpenes have diverse structures and biological activities, including anti-inflammatory, antiviral, and cytotoxic effects. Some triterpenes are also used in traditional medicine, such as glycyrrhizin from licorice root and betulinic acid from the bark of birch trees.

Triterpenes can be further classified into various subgroups based on their carbon skeletons, including squalene, lanostane, dammarane, and ursane derivatives. Some triterpenes are also modified through various biochemical reactions to form saponins, steroids, and other compounds with important biological activities.

A plant root is not a medical term per se, but it is a term from botany, which is the study of plants. However, I can certainly provide a definition for you.

Plant roots are the underground organs of a plant that typically grow downward into the soil. They serve several important functions, including:

1. Anchorage: Roots help to stabilize the plant and keep it upright in the ground.
2. Absorption: Roots absorb water and nutrients from the soil, which are essential for the plant's growth and development.
3. Conduction: Roots conduct water and nutrients up to the above-ground parts of the plant, such as the stem and leaves.
4. Vegetative reproduction: Some plants can reproduce vegetatively through their roots, producing new plants from root fragments or specialized structures called rhizomes or tubers.

Roots are composed of several different tissues, including the epidermis, cortex, endodermis, and vascular tissue. The epidermis is the outermost layer of the root, which secretes a waxy substance called suberin that helps to prevent water loss. The cortex is the middle layer of the root, which contains cells that store carbohydrates and other nutrients. The endodermis is a thin layer of cells that surrounds the vascular tissue and regulates the movement of water and solutes into and out of the root. The vascular tissue consists of xylem and phloem, which transport water and nutrients throughout the plant.

A plant extract is a preparation containing chemical constituents that have been extracted from a plant using a solvent. The resulting extract may contain a single compound or a mixture of several compounds, depending on the extraction process and the specific plant material used. These extracts are often used in various industries including pharmaceuticals, nutraceuticals, cosmetics, and food and beverage, due to their potential therapeutic or beneficial properties. The composition of plant extracts can vary widely, and it is important to ensure their quality, safety, and efficacy before use in any application.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Platycodon grandiflorus. Platycodon grandiflorus at Robsplants "Platycodon grandiflorus ... "RHS Plant Selector - Platycodon grandiflorus 'Apoyama group'". Retrieved 6 February 2021. "RHS Plant Selector - Platycodon ... swelling balloon-shaped buds Platycodon grandiflorus by Abraham Jacobus Wendel, 1868 Platycodon grandiflorus is a perennial ... Platycodon grandiflorus (from Ancient Greek πλατύς "wide" and κώδων "bell") is a species of herbaceous flowering perennial ...
Examples: Platyhelminthes ("flat worm"); Platybelodon ("flat spear-tusk"); Platycodon ("flat bell"); platypus ("flat foot") ...
Erica platycodon ((Webb & Berthel.) Rivas Mart. & al.) Erica pleiotricha (S.Moore) Erica plena (L.Bolus) Erica plukenetii (L.) ...
nov., isolated from the rhizosphere of Platycodon grandiflorum". FEMS Microbiology Letters. 309 (2): 130-5. doi:10.1111/j.1574- ... non-motile bacterium from the genus of Mucilaginibacter which has been isolated from the rhizosphere of the plant Platycodon ...
as C. speculum-veneris L.) Platycodon grandiflorus (Jacq.) A.DC. (as C. glauca Thunb. or C. grandiflora Jacq.) Triodanis ... and Platycodon. Some genera previously not segregated from Campanula currently are segregated in some systems, including Annaea ...
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... is a bio-active isolate from roots of Platycodon grandiflorus. It has been studied for its spermicidal effects as ... a Saponin from Platycodon grandiflorum". PLOS ONE. 8 (11): e82068. Bibcode:2013PLoSO...882068L. doi:10.1371/journal.pone. ...
Characteristic shrubs are tree heath (Erica arborea), besom heath (Erica platycodon ssp. maderincola), and Madeira juniper ( ...
Japanese bellflower (Platycodon grandiflorus) ornamentation are found in decorative tiles and lanterns. The five petal tips of ...
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This vegetation, mainly composed of heather species Erica arborea and Erica platycodon ssp. maderincola, heathland form of ...
A similar process to dehiscence occurs in some flower buds (e.g., Platycodon, Fuchsia), but this is rarely referred to as ...
Sycamore, Plane tree) Platycodon grandiflorus (Balloon flower) Populus (Poplar) Portulaca grandiflora (Moss rose) Potentilla ...
Whilst exploring the forests of Hokkaido and the Hidaka Mountains, he discovered Platycodon grandiflorus and Acer nikoense. ... Platycodon grandiflorus "Mariesii" and Viburnum plicatum "Mariesii". Maries was born in Hampton Lucy, Warwickshire, the ... chinense Loropetalum chinense Magnolia sieboldii Magnolia stellata Osmunda japonica corymbifera Pinus chinensis Platycodon ...
Among them are several familiar garden plants belonging to the genera Campanula (bellflower), Lobelia, and Platycodon ( ...
The name was submitted by North Korea and refers to a species of flower, the bellflower (Platycodon grandiflorus). Typhoon ...
In 1974, the city adopted the Swan, the Pinus, and Platycodon grandiflorus as its city symbols for bird, tree and flower ...
platycodon Species Archidendron pahangense Inga megalobotrys Inga porcata Koompassia excelsa Koompassia malaccensis Leucaena ...
Plants found in the garden include Japanese black pine, camphor trees, azalea, Persea, Japanese iris, Platycodon grandiflorus, ...
Platycodon grandiflorus), although do-ra-ji is usually translated from Korean as "bellflower".[citation needed] "World ...
Traditional pear-syrup candy is made from loquat or fresh pear, along with almond, jiegeng (桔梗, Platycodon grandiflorus, ...
Platycodon (balloon flower) Platystemon (creamcups) Plectranthus an orchid genus Pleioblastus Pleione (an orchid genus) ...
Platycodon grandiflorus (Chinese bellflower/balloon flower) 꽃향유 (RR: kkothyangyu): Elsholtzia splendens (Shiny mint) 투구꽃 (RR: ...
... platycodon MeSH B06.388.100.175 - cannabaceae MeSH B06.388.100.175.500 - cannabis MeSH B06.388.100.175.750 - humulus MeSH ...
Platycodon grandiflorum, 桔梗), pinellia rhizome (Pinellia ternata, 半夏), Schisandra seed (Schisandra chinensis, 五味子), ...
... may refer to: Platycodon, species of herbaceous flowering perennial plant native to East Asia Kikyō Station, JR railway ...
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platycodon Dicraeia dichotoma Indotristicha tirunelveliana Paracladopus chantaburiensis Polypleurum erectum Polypleurum ...
Platycodon gradiflorus). These seven autumn flowers provide visual enjoyment. Their simplicity was very much admired: they are ...
... mosaic virus Pepper veinal mottle virus Pepper yellow mosaic virus Peru tomato mosaic virus Pfaffia mosaic virus Platycodon ...
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Platycodon grandiflorus. Platycodon grandiflorus at Robsplants "Platycodon grandiflorus ... "RHS Plant Selector - Platycodon grandiflorus Apoyama group". Retrieved 6 February 2021. "RHS Plant Selector - Platycodon ... swelling balloon-shaped buds Platycodon grandiflorus by Abraham Jacobus Wendel, 1868 Platycodon grandiflorus is a perennial ... Platycodon grandiflorus (from Ancient Greek πλατύς "wide" and κώδων "bell") is a species of herbaceous flowering perennial ...
This low-growing beauty has pale pink, balloon-shaped buds that open into star-shaped flowers. Plant it alongside its white and blue kin. (Platycodon grandiflorus)
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French retro Platycodon grandiflorum skirt fairy super fairy series 3819. No reviews ... Decrease quantity for French retro Platycodon grandiflorum skirt fairy super fairy series 3819 Increase quantity for French ... retro Platycodon grandiflorum skirt fairy super fairy series 3819 How to custom the prom dress?. How to custom the prom dress? ...
Platycodon (Bal novn k): je to trvalka? Ako ho zimova ?. Va a ot zka: ... Na výstave v Tulln som si kúpila Platycodon, nemecky Ballonblumen. Neviem, i sa jedná o letni ku alebo trvalku. Ak je to ... Z dostupnej literatúry som za dozvedel, e platycodon (Balónovník) je trvalka.. Odoláva údajne mrazu a po oblasti s priemernou ...
Platycodon grandiflorus Astra Blue) in Auburn, New York (NY) at Dickman Farms ... Platycodon grandiflorus Astra Blue) in Auburn, New York (NY) at Dickman Farms ...
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Effects of platycodon grandiflorum(jacq.)from whole tian wang bu xin decoction on radix salviae miltiorrhizae for the ...
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Platycodon grandiflorum dcterms:created. 2021-07-05T19:30:42Z void:inDataset. http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/void.ttl#Agrovoc ...
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Platycodon (Jie Geng). The oils in Platycodon have been used for centuries for their anti-inflammatory properties. ...
Flowerphotos - a creative library of inspiring images of flowers, plants, fruit and vegetables to use in branding, marketing, publishing, media and design. - Flowerphotos inspirational collection -
This photo is of species platycodon. See who else has plants in genus Platycodon. ...
... is from the root of Platycodon grandiflorum (Jacq.) A. DC. , family Campanulaceae. The medicinal material is usually dug up in ... is from the root of Platycodon grandiflorum (Jacq.) A. DC. , family Campanulaceae. The medicinal material is usually dug ... Jie Geng (Radix Platycodi) is from the root of Platycodon grandiflorum (Jacq.) A. DC. , family Campanulaceae. The medicinal ...
Polyacetylenes in hairy roots of Platycodon grandiflorum. Phytochemistry. 42. 69-72 (1996). *. Related Report. 1996 Annual ...
Platycodon 14 Sale 0 out of 5. $45.00. $22.50. * Sheng Di Huang Online 0 out of 5 ...
As betony blooms with balloon flowers (Platycodon grandiflorus, Zones 3-8), the nodding onions are just starting to show their ...
Important ingredients include Hoelen, Dong Quai, Ophiopogon, Scute, Platycodon, Citrus, Morus Root,Chinese Asparagus root, ... Important ingredients include Hoelen, Dong Quai, Ophiopogon, Scute, Platycodon, Citrus, Morus Root,Chinese Asparagus root, ... Important ingredients include Hoelen, Dong Quai, Ophiopogon, Scute, Platycodon, Citrus, Morus Root,Chinese Asparagus root, ... Important ingredients include Hoelen, Dong Quai, Ophiopogon, Scute, Platycodon, Citrus, Morus Root,Chinese Asparagus root, ...
baloon flower root, platycodon root. 3 grams. 紫苑. Zi Wan aster root, purple aster. 4.5 grams. ...
Ma G, Guo W, Zhao L, Zheng Q, Sun Z, Wei J, Yang J and Xu X: Two new triterpenoid saponins from the root of Platycodon ... Chun J, Ha IJ and Kim YS: Antiproliferative and apoptotic activities of triterpenoid saponins from the roots of Platycodon ...
  • Platycodon grandiflorus (from Ancient Greek πλατύς "wide" and κώδων "bell") is a species of herbaceous flowering perennial plant of the family Campanulaceae, and the only member of the genus Platycodon. (wikipedia.org)
  • swelling balloon-shaped buds Platycodon grandiflorus by Abraham Jacobus Wendel, 1868 Platycodon grandiflorus is a perennial plant which is commonly grown in mountains and fields. (wikipedia.org)
  • Doraji (balloon flower root) Doraji-muchim (seasoned balloon flower root) Doraji-jeonggwa (balloon flower root sweets) Doraji-cha (balloon flower root tea) The extracts and purified platycoside compounds (saponins) from the roots of Platycodon grandiflorum may exhibit neuroprotective, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer, anti-allergy, improved insulin resistance, and cholesterol-lowering properties. (wikipedia.org)
  • Jie Geng ( Radix Platycodi ) is from the root of Platycodon grandiflorum (Jacq. (asante-academy.com)
  • It is commonly known as balloon flower (referring to the balloon-shaped flower buds), Chinese bellflower, or platycodon. (wikipedia.org)
  • Platycodon Teapillsa - Jie Geng Wan ventilates the Lung to address are used for a wide variety of Lung presentations- most commonly for cough with profuse sputum, chest congestion/constriction, and hoarseness/loss of voice. (bestchinesemedicines.com)
  • Platycodon Teapills are used for lung issues such as coughs and bronchitis - when there is a lot of phlegm. (bestchinesemedicines.com)
  • 16. Platycodon grandiflorum root-derived saponins attenuate atopic dermatitis-like skin lesions via suppression of NF-κB and STAT1 and activation of Nrf2/ARE-mediated heme oxygenase-1. (nih.gov)
  • 6. Two new triterpenoid saponins from the root of Platycodon grandiflorum. (nih.gov)
  • 9. Isolation of a new saponin and cytotoxic effect of saponins from the root of Platycodon grandiflorum on human tumor cell lines. (nih.gov)
  • 12. Contribution of the glycidic moieties to the haemolytic and adjuvant activity of platycodigenin-type saponins from the root of Platycodon grandiflorum. (nih.gov)
  • Género de plantas de la familia CAMPANULACEAE utilizadas en medicina, de las que se extrae LOBELINA. (bvsalud.org)
  • 20. Implication of intracellular ROS formation, caspase-3 activation and Egr-1 induction in platycodon D-induced apoptosis of U937 human leukemia cells. (nih.gov)
  • This trial aims to evaluate the cardioprotective effects and safety of Platycodon grandiflorum granules compared to placebo granules in patients with early breast cancer receiving anthracycline-based chemotherapy. (biomedcentral.com)
  • 1. Antiproliferative effects of saponins from the roots of Platycodon grandiflorum on cultured human tumor cells. (nih.gov)

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