Plastics: Polymeric materials (usually organic) of large molecular weight which can be shaped by flow. Plastic usually refers to the final product with fillers, plasticizers, pigments, and stabilizers included (versus the resin, the homogeneous polymeric starting material). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Surgery, Plastic: The branch of surgery concerned with restoration, reconstruction, or improvement of defective, damaged, or missing structures.Plastic Embedding: The infiltrating of histological specimens with plastics, including acrylic resins, epoxy resins and polyethylene glycol, for support of the tissues in preparation for sectioning with a microtome.Styrenes: Derivatives and polymers of styrene. They are used in the manufacturing of synthetic rubber, plastics, and resins. Some of the polymers form the skeletal structures for ion exchange resin beads.Waste Products: Debris resulting from a process that is of no further use to the system producing it. The concept includes materials discharged from or stored in a system in inert form as a by-product of vital activities. (From Webster's New Collegiate Dictionary, 1981)Polyvinyl Chloride: A polyvinyl resin used extensively in the manufacture of plastics, including medical devices, tubing, and other packaging. It is also used as a rubber substitute.Benzhydryl Compounds: Compounds which contain the methyl radical substituted with two benzene rings. Permitted are any substituents, but ring fusion to any of the benzene rings is not allowed.Polystyrenes: Polymerized forms of styrene used as a biocompatible material, especially in dentistry. They are thermoplastic and are used as insulators, for injection molding and casting, as sheets, plates, rods, rigid forms and beads.Glass: Hard, amorphous, brittle, inorganic, usually transparent, polymerous silicate of basic oxides, usually potassium or sodium. It is used in the form of hard sheets, vessels, tubing, fibers, ceramics, beads, etc.Scintillation Counting: Detection and counting of scintillations produced in a fluorescent material by ionizing radiation.Patient Isolators: Equipment used to prevent contamination of and by patients, especially those with bacterial infections. This includes plastic surgical isolators and isolators used to protect immunocompromised patients.Neuronal Plasticity: The capacity of the NERVOUS SYSTEM to change its reactivity as the result of successive activations.Food Packaging: Containers, packaging, and packaging materials for processed and raw foods and beverages. It includes packaging intended to be used for storage and also used for preparation of foods such as microwave food containers versus COOKING AND EATING UTENSILS. Packaging materials may be intended for food contact or designated non-contact, for example, shipping containers. FOOD LABELING is also available.Cell Adhesion: Adherence of cells to surfaces or to other cells.Polypropylenes: Propylene or propene polymers. Thermoplastics that can be extruded into fibers, films or solid forms. They are used as a copolymer in plastics, especially polyethylene. The fibers are used for fabrics, filters and surgical sutures.Reconstructive Surgical Procedures: Procedures used to reconstruct, restore, or improve defective, damaged, or missing structures.Recycling: The extraction and recovery of usable or valuable material from scrap or other discarded materials. (from McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed.)Phenols: Benzene derivatives that include one or more hydroxyl groups attached to the ring structure.Phthalic Acids: A group of compounds that has the general structure of a dicarboxylic acid-substituted benzene ring. The ortho-isomer is used in dye manufacture. (Dorland, 28th ed)Acrylonitrile: A highly poisonous compound used widely in the manufacture of plastics, adhesives and synthetic rubber.Optical Fibers: Thin strands of transparent material, usually glass, that are used for transmitting light waves over long distances.Cells, Cultured: Cells propagated in vitro in special media conducive to their growth. Cultured cells are used to study developmental, morphologic, metabolic, physiologic, and genetic processes, among others.Plasticizers: Materials incorporated mechanically in plastics (usually PVC) to increase flexibility, workability or distensibility; due to the non-chemical inclusion, plasticizers leach out from the plastic and are found in body fluids and the general environment.Product Packaging: Form in which product is processed or wrapped and labeled. PRODUCT LABELING is also available.Polyethylenes: Synthetic thermoplastics that are tough, flexible, inert, and resistant to chemicals and electrical current. They are often used as biocompatible materials for prostheses and implants.Surgical Flaps: Tongues of skin and subcutaneous tissue, sometimes including muscle, cut away from the underlying parts but often still attached at one end. They retain their own microvasculature which is also transferred to the new site. They are often used in plastic surgery for filling a defect in a neighboring region.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Disposable Equipment: Apparatus, devices, or supplies intended for one-time or temporary use.Agropyron: A plant genus of the family POACEAE. The common name of wheatgrass is also used for other plants in the family.Marine Biology: The study of the origin, structure, development, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of organisms which inhabit the OCEANS AND SEAS.Equipment Reuse: Further or repeated use of equipment, instruments, devices, or materials. It includes additional use regardless of the original intent of the producer as to disposability or durability. It does not include the repeated use of fluids or solutions.Oceans and Seas: A great expanse of continuous bodies of salt water which together cover more than 70 percent of the earth's surface. Seas may be partially or entirely enclosed by land, and are smaller than the five oceans (Atlantic, Pacific, Indian, Arctic, and Antarctic).Oceanography: The science that deals with the ocean and its phenomena. (Webster, 3d ed)Hospital Rapid Response Team: Multidisciplinary team most frequently consisting of INTENSIVE CARE UNIT trained personnel who are available 24 hours per day, 7 days per week for evaluation of patients who develop signs or symptoms of severe clinical deterioration.Gas, Natural: A combustible, gaseous mixture of low-molecular weight PARAFFIN hydrocarbons, generated below the surface of the earth. It contains mostly METHANE and ETHANE with small amounts of PROPANE; BUTANES; and higher hydrocarbons, and sometimes NITROGEN; CARBON DIOXIDE; HYDROGEN SULFIDE; and HELIUM. (from McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)ExplosionsPropylene Glycol: A clear, colorless, viscous organic solvent and diluent used in pharmaceutical preparations.Distillation: A chemical process for separating the components of a liquid mixture by boiling and collecting condensed vapors.Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Leeches: Annelids of the class Hirudinea. Some species, the bloodsuckers, may become temporarily parasitic upon animals, including man. Medicinal leeches (HIRUDO MEDICINALIS) have been used therapeutically for drawing blood since ancient times.RestaurantsFood: Any substances taken in by the body that provide nourishment.Diethylhexyl Phthalate: An ester of phthalic acid. It appears as a light-colored, odorless liquid and is used as a plasticizer for many resins and elastomers.Waxes: A plastic substance deposited by insects or obtained from plants. Waxes are esters of various fatty acids with higher, usually monohydric alcohols. The wax of pharmacy is principally yellow wax (beeswax), the material of which honeycomb is made. It consists chiefly of cerotic acid and myricin and is used in making ointments, cerates, etc. (Dorland, 27th ed)Awards and PrizesVinyl CompoundsVinyl Chloride: A gas that has been used as an aerosol propellant and is the starting material for polyvinyl resins. Toxicity studies have shown various adverse effects, particularly the occurrence of liver neoplasms.Paraffin: A mixture of solid hydrocarbons obtained from petroleum. It has a wide range of uses including as a stiffening agent in ointments, as a lubricant, and as a topical anti-inflammatory. It is also commonly used as an embedding material in histology.MedlinePlus: NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE service for health professionals and consumers. It links extensive information from the National Institutes of Health and other reviewed sources of information on specific diseases and conditions.Professional Corporations: Legally authorized corporations owned and managed by one or more professionals (medical, dental, legal) in which the income is ascribed primarily to the professional activities of the owners or stockholders.Consumer Health Information: Information intended for potential users of medical and healthcare services. There is an emphasis on self-care and preventive approaches as well as information for community-wide dissemination and use.Social Media: Platforms that provide the ability and tools to create and publish information accessed via the INTERNET. Generally these platforms have three characteristics with content user generated, high degree of interaction between creator and viewer, and easily integrated with other sites.Receptors, Androgen: Proteins, generally found in the CYTOPLASM, that specifically bind ANDROGENS and mediate their cellular actions. The complex of the androgen and receptor migrates to the CELL NUCLEUS where it induces transcription of specific segments of DNA.

Why do short term workers have high mortality? (1/611)

Increased mortality is often reported among workers in short term employment. This may indicate either a health-related selection process or the presence of different lifestyle or social conditions among short term workers. The authors studied these two aspects of short term employment among 16,404 Danish workers in the reinforced plastics industry who were hired between 1978 and 1985 and were followed to the end of 1988. Preemployment hospitalization histories for 1977-1984 were ascertained and were related to length of employment between 1978 and 1988. Workers who had been hospitalized prior to employment showed a 20% higher risk of early termination of employment than those never hospitalized (rate ratio (RR) = 1.20, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.16-1.29), and the risk increased with number of hospitalizations. For workers with two or more preemployment hospitalizations related to alcohol abuse or violence, the rate ratios for short term employment were 2.30 (95% CI 1.74-3.06) and 1.86 (95% CI 1.35-2.56), respectively. An unhealthy lifestyle may also be a determinant of short term employment. While it is possible in principle to adjust for lifestyle factors if proper data are collected, the health-related selection of workers requires careful consideration when choosing a reference group for comparative studies of cumulative occupational exposure.  (+info)

The induction of macrophage spreading: role of coagulation factors and the complement system. (2/611)

Unstimulated mouse peritoneal macrophages, attached to either glass or plastic substrates, responded to factors generated in serum and plasma by spreading and increasing their apparent surface area up to eightfold. Two distinct and dissociable systems were involved. The first appears related to the distinct and dissociable systems were involved. The first appears related to the contact phase of blood coagulation. It is activated by glass and not plastic surfaces, depleted by kaolin adsorption, and inhibited by soybean trypsin inhibitor. In contrast, a separate complement-dependent system can be generated in kaolin-adsorbed plasma. Activation of the complement system can occur either by the alternate or classical pathways and generates a relatively small effector molecule which is dialyzable. These factors presumably influencing the surface membrane and underlying structures may explain the rapid spreading of activated macrophages observed after both infections and chemical peritoneal inflammatory agents.  (+info)

A clearance model of inhaled man-made fibers in rat lungs. (3/611)

A clearance model of inhaled man-made fibers (MMFs) was developed, and the calculated fiber numbers and dimensions were compared with the experimental ones using a glass fiber (GF), ceramic fiber (RF1) and two potassium octatitanate whiskers (PT1, TW). If the translocation rate by macrophages is constant and the effect of dissolution and disintegration can be ignored, the fiber number is expected to decrease exponentially with time. In the experimental study, however, the fiber number did not always decrease exponentially. In the case of RF1, the fiber number decreased almost exponentially and the diameter decreased linearly with the time. The clearance rate constant of GF during 3 to 6 months after the end of one-month exposure was greater than that during 1 to 3 months. On the contrary, the clearance rate constants of PT1 and TW during 1 to 6 months were greater than next six months. The diameter and the length of GF did not change significantly. The fiber length of PT1 tends to become longer with time although the diameter did not change significantly. Our theoretical model gives a satisfactory fit to these experimental results.  (+info)

Role of extracellular matrix and Ras in regulation of glomerular epithelial cell proliferation. (4/611)

Signals from extracellular matrix (ECM) to growth factor receptors regulate glomerular epithelial cell (GEC) proliferation. Epidermal growth factor (EGF), basic fibroblast growth factor, hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), or thrombin stimulated proliferation of GECs when the cells were adherent to collagen matrices, but not plastic substratum. Furthermore, EGF, HGF, or thrombin activated p42 mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase in collagen-adherent GECs, whereas activation was weak in GECs on plastic. To further examine the interaction of ECM with the Ras-MAP kinase cascade, GECs were stably transfected with a constitutively active Ras mutant (V12Ras). Low or moderate levels of V12Ras expression did not affect basal MAP kinase activity but, unlike parental GECs, in clones that express V12Ras, EGF was able to induce proliferation and activate MAP kinase when these cells were adherent to plastic. In parental and V12Ras-transfected GECs, MAP kinase activation was inhibited by cytochalasin D. Thus, adhesion of GECs to ECM facilitates proliferation and MAP kinase activation by mitogens acting via tyrosine kinase or non-tyrosine kinase receptors. Activation of pathway(s) downstream of V12Ras supplants signals from ECM that enable proliferation. These signals may involve the actin cytoskeleton.  (+info)

Stability of gentamicin in serum. (5/611)

Patients' sera were divided into three portions when the initial gentamicin level was determined and were stored at -20, 4, and 25 degrees C in plastic or glass tubes. Gentamicin levels were repeated after 1 and 2 days of storage at the respective temperatures. There was no significant difference in gentamicin levels among portions, except those from a patient in renal failure with high serum concentrations of carbenicillin.  (+info)

An investigation of factors contributing to styrene and styrene-7,8-oxide exposures in the reinforced-plastics industry. (6/611)

During the manufacturing of reinforced plastics, large amounts of styrene and trace quantities of styrene-7,8-oxide (SO) are released. Since previous work suggests that inhalation of even small amounts of SO might be an important health risk, we investigated several possible factors contributing to styrene and SO exposure during the manufacture of reinforced plastics. Factors related to job type, worker and the type and quantity of styrene-containing resins were investigated using mixed-effects multiple linear regression models. Overall, SO exposure levels were positively correlated with styrene exposure levels. However, this correlation was statistically significant only among hand laminators who had the highest exposures to both styrene and SO. An important factor for predicting both styrene and SO concentrations was the type of resin used, while the quantity of resin consumed was predictive of styrene but not of SO exposure. Since So exposure appears to be associated with factors other than coexposure to styrene, more effort should be placed on investigating emissions of SO per se. The type of mixed-models regression analysis employed in this study can be used for clarifying the underlying patterns for exposures to styrene and SO as well as for evaluating preventive measures.  (+info)

Considerations for in vitro retinoid experiments: importance of protein interaction. (7/611)

Retinoids, natural and synthetic substances structurally related to vitamin A, are important modulators of cell proliferation and differentiation, and have proven activity in cancer therapy. Experiments to reveal the mechanism of action of retinoids are routinely performed in in vitro models. As retinoids are relatively hydrophobic and unstable, we hypothesized that the composition of culture media is of critical importance for the stability and bioavailability of these compounds. Various culture media were incubated with all-trans-, 13-cis- and 9-cis-retinoic acid (RA). Without fetal calf serum (FCS) or bovine serum albumin (BSA) in the medium, the concentration of these retinoids was found to decrease to considerably low levels. This excessive loss of retinoids was due to absorption to culture plates, reaction tubes and pipet tips. Binding of retinoids to BSA was demonstrated to have attenuating effects on uptake and metabolism of all-trans-RA, as studied in oral keratinocytes and head and neck cancer cells, indicating that a balance exists between the bioavailability and the aspecific loss of retinoids. In this study we demonstrate that the type of culture medium and especially the presence of protein in the medium is of paramount importance to perform reproducible experiments with retinoids.  (+info)

Washing plastic spacers in household detergent reduces electrostatic charge and greatly improves delivery. (8/611)

Ionic detergents reduce electrostatic charge on plastic spacers, thereby improving in vitro drug delivery. The aim of this study was to gain practical information on the use of detergents and to evaluate the relevance of this information on in vivo drug deposition. Measurement of electrostatic charge and salbutamol particle size distribution was carried out on detergent-coated and noncoated plastic spacers. The efficiency of four household detergents was compared, and the influence of dilution and the duration of the antistatic effect were studied. In addition, the level of radiolabelled salbutamol deposition in the lungs of eight healthy adults was compared after inhalation through a new versus a detergent-coated spacer. In vitro, all tested detergents reduced the electrostatic charge on the spacer surface. This resulted in a mean increase of 37.4% (range 33.5-41.2) in small particle (<6.8 microm) salbutamol output compared with water-rinsed/drip-dried spacers. Dilution had no influence on the results and the effect lasted for at least four weeks. In vivo, the mean lung deposition of radiolabelled salbutamol in healthy subjects was 45.6% (range 43.4-49.5) through a detergent-coated spacer compared to 11.5% (range 7.6-17.9) through a static spacer (p<0.001). In conclusion, household detergents offer a simple and practical solution to the problem of static on plastic spacers and significantly improve both in vitro and in vivo delivery of salbutamol.  (+info)

  • Specifies the test conditions for determining the tensile properties of moulding and extrusion plastics, based on the general principles given in AS 1145.1. (saiglobal.com)
  • Plastics are giant polymers, or long-chain molecules that contain thousands of repeating molecular units. (highbeam.com)
  • Swift advances in chemical and manufacturing technologies during the twentieth century, however, made plastic one of the most important manufacturing materials in the United States. (highbeam.com)
  • Plastics provide an important alternative to natural materials for a plethora of applications. (highbeam.com)
  • One of the most important distinguishing factors between plastic and other materials is plastic's ability to "creep" under load, or gradually stretch or flow when subjected to stress. (highbeam.com)
  • As yet a high product quality can be achieved despite the use of different and recycled plastics, shows the Mouldtec Kunststoff GmbH in Germany. (wn.com)
  • A new injection molding machine ensures that the pressure of the machine is continuously adapted to the plastic, to always force the correct volume into the mold. (wn.com)
  • Chemicals , plastics and oil and gas are three industrial sectors that are closely connected. (wn.com)
  • Production facilities were located predominately in California, Texas, and the Midwest (Ohio, Michigan, Illinois, and Indiana), with the top 10 states accounting for 60 percent of all plastics employment. (highbeam.com)
  • The physical properties of the final plastic product can be altered at various stages of the polymerization and production process. (highbeam.com)
  • HODA, UAB privately owned Lithuanian capital company, one of the biggest plastic injection moulders in Baltic states with 5400 m² area of production plant and 3500 m² of warehousing facilities. (europages.co.uk)
  • Moreover, as plastics are becoming more and more high-tech, BASF calls this the century of plastics. (wn.com)
  • Most plastics are based on carbon, being derived from materials that have some relationship to living, or organic, materials, although, although some plastics, like acetal resins and silicones, contain oxygen or silicon atoms in their chains. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Finally, the polymer resins are processed into final plastic products. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Examples of thermoset plastics include epoxy resins that are used for sealing and or adhering things together and urea formaldehyde, which is normally seen. (reference.com)
  • Bisphenol A (BPA) is a chemical used to produce epoxy resins and polycarbonate plastics, which are marked with the number 7. (medicinenet.com)
  • ICIS Supply and Demand data enables you to gain a mid- to long-term view of the polyolefins and plastics resins markets. (icis.com)
  • Engineering grade plastics contain blended resins and/or additives that increase properties such as chemical resistance, rigidity, and fire and impact resistance. (ca.gov)
  • However, considering their abundance in the environment and their specificity in attacking plastics, biodegradation of plastics by microorganisms and enzymes seems to be the most effective process. (mdpi.com)
  • In this review, microbial and enzymatic biodegradation of plastics and some factors that affect their biodegradability are discussed. (mdpi.com)
  • Discover the innovatiions our industry has driven at the biggest U.S. plastics event. (plasticsindustry.org)
  • The plastics industry manufactures polymer materials - commonly called plastics - and offers services in plastics important to a range of industries, including packaging, building and construction, electronics, aerospace, and transportation. (wikipedia.org)
  • In addition, as mineral oil is the major constituent of plastics, it is regarded a part of the petrochemical industry. (wikipedia.org)
  • Milton Levine, later creator of the mail-order cult classic Ant Farm and founder of Uncle Milton toys, formed a partnership with his brother-in-law E. Joseph Cossman to get into the plastic toy industry, a business Levine had read would be a post-war growth industry. (wikipedia.org)
  • Through a vast network of global suppliers, NOW Plastics is able to tap into the most recent technological advancements and newly developed products in the plastics industry, enabling the company to offer a wide range of eco-friendly alternatives. (prnewswire.com)
  • The plastics industry runs the risk of ruining its business. (washingtonpost.com)
  • We work closely with plastic industry stakeholders to maintain and enhance existing UL Standards, establish new Standards, and develop certification and testing programs that address emerging technologies and product applications. (ul.com)
  • Use of plastic is steadily increasing in the packaging industry because of its exceptional properties such as barrier properties , exceptional packing strength, lightweight, low cost, and ease of logistics and processing. (frost.com)
  • The food and beverage industry is the largest industry that is driving the growth of plastic packaging. (frost.com)
  • More recently, plastics have replaced traditional materials and emerged as a significant "engineering application" within the automotive industry. (sae.org)
  • Global Plastics Market Analysis, Size, Industry. (scoop.it)
  • Since 2010, North Carolina's plastics and chemicals industries are growing 50% more than the national average-culminating in 75,000+ industry jobs, or the fifth-largest industry workforce in the U.S. (nccommerce.com)
  • Moderator Lance Hosey , president and CEO of GreenBlue (a nonprofit focused on sustainable design and production in business and industry) started off the discussion by telling us that we produce some 300 billion pounds of plastic a year, in highly toxic and dangerous petro-chemical plants. (zdnet.com)
  • Our Indian Floriculture industry today is facing the threat of this demon (plastic) in the form of plastic flowers. (change.org)
  • the industry is squeezed by plastic flowers. (change.org)
  • The pandemic has intensified a price war between recycled and new plastic, made by the oil industry. (japantimes.co.jp)
  • At BASF, we engage on several levels in company-specific as well as cross-industry initiatives to prevent and reduce the accumulation of plastic waste in the environment - be it research and innovation in new materials, business models and processes, housekeeping processes or the development of better waste infrastructure. (basf.com)
  • The WPC promotes industry topics of global relevance, like the responsible use of plastics, efficient waste management and solutions to marine littering (for details see news release ). (basf.com)
  • Nigel Mercer, president of the British Association of Aesthetic Plastic Surgeons, last month described the cosmetic surgery industry an 'unregulated mess' in the journal Clinical Risk. (cnn.com)
  • There are 17 operating units on the plant producing a variety of petroleum and plastic products. (wikipedia.org)
  • PVC (polyvinyl chloride) plastic can be manufactured in a variety of forms and used to make hundreds of different products. (washingtonpost.com)
  • Nosco Plastics, Inc. (commonly called NOSCO, the mark used on its molded products) was the plastics molding division of National Organ Supply Company created in 1934 to make plastic parts for electric organs and was located at 1701 Gaskell Avenue, Erie, Pennsylvania, 16503. (wikipedia.org)
  • Once glass , plastics, paper products, and metals have been removed from domestic refuse, what remains is essentially organic waste. (britannica.com)
  • Standardization of nomenclature, methods of test, and specifications applicable to materials and products in the field of plastics including processing (of products) by assembly in particular, but not limited to, polymeric adhesives, sealing, joining, welding. (iso.org)
  • NOW Plastics is a Global Supply Chain Solutions Organization, providing world class plastic films, aluminum foil and other packaging products, as well as a full range of services - logistics, financing, product warranties, procurement risk mitigation and others - to assure a seamless import experience. (prnewswire.com)
  • A globally recognized program that provides third-party certification about the quality, safety and performance of your plastic products. (ul.com)
  • Will Silicone Replace BPA-Free Plastics For Kids' Products? (forbes.com)
  • But a new study finds that most plastic products, from sippy cups to food wraps, can release chemicals that act like estrogen - even plastics sold as BPA-free. (npr.org)
  • But a new study says that even if they don't contain BPA, most plastic products release estrogenic chemicals. (npr.org)
  • The study found these chemicals even in products that didn't contain BPA, a compound in certain plastics that's been widely criticized because it mimics estrogen. (npr.org)
  • Many plastic products are now marketed as BPA-free, and manufacturers have begun substituting other chemicals whose effects aren't as well known. (npr.org)
  • It simply asks whether common plastic products release estrogen-like chemicals other than BPA. (npr.org)
  • Other experts are encouraging more study on the chemicals from plastics in household products. (healthline.com)
  • A number of industrial and consumer products made of plastic contain endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs), which can negatively impact human health. (healthline.com)
  • So many of our plastic products that come in contact with food and beverages are made with endocrine-disrupting chemicals that leech into the environment and end up in our bodies in measurable quantities," Nancy Wayne, PhD, a professor of physiology and reproductive endocrinologist at the David Geffen School of Medicine at the University of California at Los Angeles, told Healthline. (healthline.com)
  • EDCs are used in the manufacturing of many plastics and other products. (healthline.com)
  • Phthalates are included in products for a variety of reasons, include to make plastic flexible. (reuters.com)
  • According to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, those chemicals are used to make products - such as plastic pipes, shower curtains and food packaging - soft and flexible. (reuters.com)
  • The laboratory services a wide range of industries using plastics and polymers, including consumer, electronics, aerospace, automotive, building products and many other clients. (intertek.com)
  • Researchers have developed a new catalytic method for upcycling abundant, seemingly low-value plastics (polyethylene) into high-quality liquid products, such as motor oils, lubricants, detergents and even cosmetics. (greencarcongress.com)
  • In section 2 of the book the author will discuss elements of design of a number of generic plastic product types based on his 40+ years of experience of product design and development for a several companies with a variety of products. (wiley.com)
  • The article is based on research examining levels of bisphenol A (BPA), a chemical found in commercial plastic packaging (including many food and drink products) in the urine of 190 men recruited from an infertility clinic. (www.nhs.uk)
  • BPA is a chemical used in the manufacture of plastic packaging, including many food and drink products. (www.nhs.uk)
  • The figure below, from Quadrant Engineering Plastic Products , shows the test geometry. (matweb.com)
  • The reclaiming facility produces three categories of plastic feedstock used in the manufacturing of new plastic products. (ca.gov)
  • Once various hydrocarbons are obtained from cracking, they are chemically processed to make hydrocarbon monomers and other carbon monomers (like styrene, vinyl chloride, acrylonitrile) used in plastics. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Several noxious plastic byproducts, including BPA and a substance called styrene trimer, have been detected in small quantities in the ocean, but Saido says this is the first time anyone has shown a direct connection between decomposing plastic and the hazardous chemicals. (wired.com)
  • Micro-Mark offers a complete selection of plastic sheets for model fabrication, including polycarbonate plastic and styrene plastic sheets in a variety of colors and architectural and environmental patterns. (micromark.com)
  • Holes, cracks and tears on composition, styrene butadiene styrene modified, asphalt and metal roofs can be repaired and sealed with plastic roof cement. (ehow.com)
  • Plastic parts and structural components play crucial roles across aerospace, automotive, and construction industries. (zeiss.com)
  • A hydraulic separator was developed capable of processing up to 50 pounds per hour of mixed plastics and based on standard methods used in mineral processing industries. (cdc.gov)
  • We have been testing plastics since 1941 and are proud to serve many of the world's top plastics manufacturers. (ul.com)
  • A peer into the minute workings of the world's second-largest economy, Jiuliang Wang's Plastic China is much more 'micro' than its 'macro' title suggests. (hollywoodreporter.com)
  • Big oil producers are pinning their future growth on the world's insatiable appetite for plastic, researchers said Friday (4 September), in a "bet" on society's failure to tackle disposable consumption that risks stranding billions of dollars in petrochemical investments. (euractiv.com)
  • Representative Erik Paulsen (R-MN-3) visited PLASTICS member Steinwall Inc., a custom thermoplastic injection molder, in Coon Rapids, Minnesota. (plasticsindustry.org)
  • 6. An air permeable sheet like structure as claimed in claim 1 in which the plastics material is selected from the group consisting of a thermoplastic and a thermosetting plastic. (google.ca)
  • 15. An air permeable sheet like structure as claimed in claim 5, in which the plastics material comprises a mixture of thermoplastic and thermosetting plastic. (google.ca)
  • NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - Chemicals called phthalates, found in plastics and cosmetics, may be linked to a raised risk of babies being born early, suggests a new study. (reuters.com)
  • PVC contains phthalates, softeners need to make the plastic bend and they have been found to interfere with hormonal development. (care2.com)
  • An analysis of European plastics production, demand and waste data" (PDF). (wikipedia.org)
  • NOW Plastics has adopted a strategic focus on eco-friendly and sustainable packaging solutions that do not compromise the shelf life of packaged food, since food waste is also an important social and economic concern. (prnewswire.com)
  • A multi-organisation effort has resulted in a boat made entirely from waste plastic that can help clear up still more plastic from rivers and waterways. (springwise.com)
  • Researchers are using a new filter made from jellyfish mucus to reduce plastic waste found in seawater. (springwise.com)
  • An environmentally friendly cleaning brand has opened a pop-up to challenge customers to rethink the value of plastic waste. (springwise.com)
  • A processing system for waste plastics was developed at the Rolla Metallurgy Research Center, Rolla, Missouri. (cdc.gov)
  • A community collection campaign netted an 800-pound sample of waste plastics for analysis and experimental treatment, and samples of wirestripping wastes were also studied. (cdc.gov)
  • The bags have been made in response to plastic waste being found in the stomachs of dead deer in Nara Prefecture. (japantimes.co.jp)
  • The issue has arisen in the three months since all retailers were required to start charging customers for plastic bags in an effort to reduce plastic waste. (japantimes.co.jp)
  • The bags are increasingly being made available at local governments and businesses to reduce plastic waste and combat marine pollution. (japantimes.co.jp)
  • The ministry will offer aid for private-sector efforts as it looks to build momentum toward reducing the country's marine plastic waste. (japantimes.co.jp)
  • Enacting change in daily life is key to reducing plastic waste. (japantimes.co.jp)
  • Proposals to allocate 20% of revenues from carbon trading to the EU budget, combined with a new tax on plastic waste, could help plug the hole left by Britain's departure from the European Union, as leaders meet tomorrow to agree on the bloc's first post-Brexit budget. (euractiv.com)
  • A European tax on plastic waste is gaining momentum as a way to bring new sources of revenue to the EU budget as leaders prepare for a two-day summit in Brussels beginning on Thursday (17 October). (euractiv.com)
  • Our plastics contribute to e.g., a reduction in CO 2 emissions through light-weighting (i.e. less fuel consumption) and insulation (i.e. less heating) or extended life of packed goods (i.e. less food waste). (basf.com)
  • Within BASF's ChemCycling TM , chemically recycled plastic waste is used as feedstock for production. (basf.com)
  • By using it as a resource, BASF wants to make a significant contribution in reducing the amount of plastic waste. (basf.com)
  • It is unacceptable that plastic waste is discarded in the environment and we are concerned about related environmental and social impacts. (basf.com)
  • BASF is a co-founder of the Alliance to End Plastic Waste (AEPW), an organization that has been launched in 2019 with the mission to develop, accelerate and deploy solutions, engage communities and catalyze capital to end plastic waste in the environment. (basf.com)
  • AEPW is currently made up of 46 companies that have committed more than $1 billion, with the goal of investing $1.5 billion over the next 5 years to help end plastic waste in the environment. (basf.com)
  • Engineering grade plastics are recovered principally from two durable good waste streams: brown goods (computers and electronics) and automobiles. (ca.gov)
  • The development of automated identification and sorting technology has increased the economic competitiveness of postconsumer plastic recovered from these waste streams. (ca.gov)
  • The latter field is dominated by engineering plastic as raw material because of its better mechanical and thermal properties than the more widely used commodity plastics. (wikipedia.org)
  • Will there be supply/demand imbalances over the long run that can push up key plastics commodity prices? (icis.com)
  • commodity grade plastics and engineering grade plastics . (ca.gov)
  • I am primarily focusing on species that spend most of their time in estuaries since estuaries are often one of the marine habitats most heavily affected by plastic pollution. (greenpeace.org)
  • I first learned about the plastic pollution problem through my research. (greenpeace.org)
  • A tax or ban on plastics won't solve pollution problems, but it would deprive the world od a cheap and valuable material. (euractiv.com)
  • When used in a chemical sense, the term plastic usually refers to a synthetic high molecular weight chain molecule, or polymer, that may have been combined with other ingredients to modify its physical properties. (encyclopedia.com)
  • If the latest annual meeting of the American Chemical Society gives any indication, Mrs. Robinson's set is still right: Plastics hold great promise for the future--particularly in medicine. (scientificamerican.com)
  • Rulon plastics are known for their low coefficient of friction, excellent abrasion resistance, wide range of operating temperatures , and chemical inertness. (wikipedia.org)
  • The bottom line is that for parents who want to minimize chemical exposure for their children, plastic is not a great choice. (forbes.com)
  • A polyethylene reactor at the Phillips 66 Chemical Complex in Pasadena created chemical compounds necessary for the production of plastics. (history.com)
  • The Japanese researchers devised a method to simulate the breakdown of a hard plastic called polystyrene at 30 degrees Celsius (86 degrees Fahrenheit) in the lab, and they compared the chemical byproducts from their experiment with what they found in water and sand from the Pacific Ocean. (wired.com)
  • The study was spearheaded by the Environmental Working Group (EWG) and targeted the chemical bisphenol A (BPA), a plastic and resin ingredient used to line metal food and drink cans. (ewg.org)
  • BPA is a chemical used to make polycarbonate plastic or items marked with the number 7 on the bottom. (care2.com)
  • When plastics are used as substrates for microorganisms, evaluation of their biodegradability should not only be based on their chemical structure, but also on their physical properties (melting point, glass transition temperature, crystallinity, storage modulus etc. (mdpi.com)
  • The electrical current will cause the silver molecules in the chemical bath to coat the plastic painted with electro-conductive paint so that a 'skin' will develop and plate the plastic. (ehow.com)
  • Thermosets cannot be mechanically recycled because of chemical bonds binding the plastic molecules (monomers) together. (ca.gov)
  • A 1/6th page advertisement in the February 7, 1948 issue with the title "Brand New, Low Cost Plastic Slum (Give-aways)" that shows "Lifelike animals that appeal to young and old alike. (wikipedia.org)
  • Researchers are just starting to explore the mechanisms by which this might occur, but the plastics compounds seem to affect molecular switches involved in regulating the metabolism. (washingtonpost.com)
  • The researchers bought more than 450 plastic items from stores including Walmart and Whole Foods. (npr.org)
  • Contrary to the commonly held belief that plastic takes 500 to 1,000 years to decompose, researchers now report that some types of plastic begin to break down in the ocean within one year, releasing potentially toxic bisphenol A (BPA) and other chemicals into the water. (wired.com)
  • Researchers detected this debris, which is less than 5 mm long, using a dye that binds to plastic. (theweek.com)
  • A Bag's Life is a public educational campaign that unites non-profits, community and government organizations around the common goal of promoting the three R's as they relate to plastic bags and common films and wraps used in our everyday lives. (plasticsindustry.org)
  • All food plastic wraps used to be made with PVC, but many large name brands have quit using PVC. (care2.com)
  • The efficient and responsible use of plastics and packaging has become a critical consideration for companies throughout the packaging value chain. (prnewswire.com)
  • Rulon is the trade name for a family of PTFE plastics produced by Saint-Gobain Performance Plastics. (wikipedia.org)
  • Furon was purchased by Saint-Gobain Performance Plastics. (wikipedia.org)
  • Saint-Gobain Performance Plastics Corporation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Our innovative high performance plastics are developed to meet a wide variety of technological challenges. (dsm.com)
  • Browse through our portfolio of high performance plastics solutions for power distribution. (dsm.com)
  • This method is used to make plastic films. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Professor Moshe Kol from Tel Aviv University said: "New catalysts are the key to providing renewable and degradable plastics which will help make our society more sustainable and less reliant on oil. (bath.ac.uk)
  • Based on the speed of plastic decomposition and the amount of drift plastic found along the coasts of Japan, the scientists concluded that noxious chemicals in the water are probably coming from the breakdown of polystyrene, which is used to make Styrofoam. (wired.com)
  • How it could make your life easier: It should adequately protect you from burglars with plastic, battery-powered guns. (wired.com)
  • For its part, the FDA agrees that substances used to make plastics can leach into food. (care2.com)
  • What Can I Use if I Need to Make a Waterproof Seal Between Metal & Thin Plastic? (ehow.com)
  • Easy do-it-at-home projects are available, however, that allow you to make something very similar to plastic with things widely available in your home. (wikihow.com)
  • Chinese people use up to 3 billion plastic bags a day and the country has to refine 5 million tons (37 million barrels) of crude oil every year to make plastics used for packaging, according to a report on the Web site of China Trade News (www.chinatradenews.com.cn). (reuters.com)
  • These are events where we partner with charter fishermen to take volunteers offshore to collect hundreds of pounds of plastic from the ocean's surface. (greenpeace.org)
  • In some cases, though, such as when there's a tremendous size difference between the breasts or one breast has failed to grow at all, a plastic surgeon may get involved earlier. (kidshealth.org)
  • Choose an ASPS member board certified plastic surgeon who has been trained to perform these procedures. (prweb.com)
  • Some of the blogs are written by Dr. Krieger and provide insights from the point of view of a Beverly Hills plastic surgeon . (prweb.com)
  • Americans are lining up to go under the knife to mimic the derrière of Pippa Middleton, a US plastic surgeon has said. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • Certain proteins that are in fact natural polymers once had commercial importance as industrial plastics, but they have played a diminishing role in the field of plastics production in recent years. (encyclopedia.com)
  • It can withstand heating and freezing without leaching or off-gassing, hazardous chemicals - unlike plastics, which contaminate food in these environments. (forbes.com)
  • More investigation is needed to determine how the accumulation of plastic in the body affects human health. (theweek.com)
  • To tackle the rising use of single-use coffee cups and plastic lids, we created the Green Bean initiative , which encourages local coffee shops to become more ocean friendly. (greenpeace.org)
  • Coffee shops choose to not offer either single-use plastic stirs or creamers, avoid polystyrene and choose reusable plastics, and offer rewards for customers that bring their reusable mug or cup. (greenpeace.org)
  • Plastic poses the biggest threat to marine animals that confuse garbage with dinner and end up digesting large quantities of polystyrene. (wired.com)
  • When used as an adjective, the term plastic (from Greek plastikos meaning to mold or form) describes a material that can be shaped or molded with or without the application of heat. (encyclopedia.com)
  • ELECTRICAL PROPERTIES As an insulating material, plastics are outstanding for their general all-purpose utility. (google.com)
  • The name isn't taken from the synthetic substance but from the Greek word plastikos , which means to form or mold (and which gives the material plastic its name as well). (kidshealth.org)
  • 2. An air permeable sheet like structure as claimed in claim 1 in which the particulate plastics material includes plastics material fibres. (google.ca)
  • 3. An air permeable sheet like structure as claimed in claim 1 in which the components are bonded together by surface fusion of the particulate plastics material. (google.ca)
  • 8. An air permeable sheet like structure as claimed in claim 1 in which particles constituting the particulate plastics material are smaller than about 1.5 millimeters in size. (google.ca)
  • 16. An air permeable sheet like structure as claimed in claim 6 in which the plastics material is plasticised. (google.ca)
  • it's really showing that this is everywhere, that plastic has become such a pervasive material in our society. (theweek.com)
  • Therefore, plastics is an important material class providing many benefits for our society and should be part of the future if we want to reduce our climate footprint. (basf.com)
  • A man buys beer in plastic bags at a grocery shop in Qingdao, China's eastern province of Shandong, August 18, 2006. (reuters.com)
Order Bai Antioxidant Infusion, Congo Apple Pear, Plastic Bottles | Fast Delivery
Order Bai Antioxidant Infusion, Congo Apple Pear, Plastic Bottles | Fast Delivery (freshdirect.com)
Order Bai 5-Calorie Antioxidant Infusion Drink, Sumatra Dragonfruit, Plastic Bottle | Fast Delivery
Order Bai 5-Calorie Antioxidant Infusion Drink, Sumatra Dragonfruit, Plastic Bottle | Fast Delivery (freshdirect.com)
Partnership promotes plastics sustainability - UQ News - The University of Queensland, Australia
Partnership promotes plastics sustainability - UQ News - The University of Queensland, Australia (uq.edu.au)
Plastic materials for environmental...  - Information Centre - Research & Innovation - European Commission
Plastic materials for environmental... - Information Centre - Research & Innovation - European Commission (ec.europa.eu)
Hudson Reporter - poly plastics
Hudson Reporter - poly plastics (hudsonreporter.com)
The Right Chemistry: The downside of plastics | Montreal Gazette
The Right Chemistry: The downside of plastics | Montreal Gazette (montrealgazette.com)
Plastic forks make lovely plant props | Charlotte Observer
Plastic forks make lovely plant props | Charlotte Observer (charlotteobserver.com)
Plastic in Bird's Stomachs Reveals Ocean's Garbage Problem
Plastic in Bird's Stomachs Reveals Ocean's Garbage Problem (livescience.com)
Morgan Vague: These bacteria eat plastic | TED Talk
Morgan Vague: These bacteria eat plastic | TED Talk (ted.com)
This Plastic Bag Dissolves In Water
This Plastic Bag Dissolves In Water (psfk.com)
How 'plastic attacks' on supermarkets became a global movement - CNN
How 'plastic attacks' on supermarkets became a global movement - CNN (cnn.com)
Women's Parley Shoes: Recycled Ocean Plastic Shoes | adidas US
Women's Parley Shoes: Recycled Ocean Plastic Shoes | adidas US (adidas.com)
Zachry Group awarded contract for ExxonMobil plastics plant
Zachry Group awarded contract for ExxonMobil plastics plant (caller.com)
Plastic Business Cards Printing | Vistaprint
Plastic Business Cards Printing | Vistaprint (vistaprint.com)
South Korea's plastic problem is a literal trash fire - CNN
South Korea's plastic problem is a literal trash fire - CNN (edition.cnn.com)
Hypodermic needles among plastic trash littering Hamlin beach
Hypodermic needles among plastic trash littering Hamlin beach (democratandchronicle.com)
Zombicide by CMON » Plastic injection has begun.... some test shots. - Kickstarter
Zombicide by CMON » Plastic injection has begun.... some test shots. - Kickstarter (kickstarter.com)
Find the White Plastic Skull By Ashland® at Michaels
Find the White Plastic Skull By Ashland® at Michaels (michaels.com)
Plastic Business Cards, Plastic Card Printing | Vistaprint
Plastic Business Cards, Plastic Card Printing | Vistaprint (vistaprint.com)
Aqua Tanks by High Country Plastics | Jeffers Pet
Aqua Tanks by High Country Plastics | Jeffers Pet (jefferspet.com)
Miranda Wang and Jeanny Yao: Two young scientists break down plastics with bacteria | TED Talk
Miranda Wang and Jeanny Yao: Two young scientists break down plastics with bacteria | TED Talk (ted.com)
3 WELLA 8 OZ PLASTIC  HAIR COLOR APPLICATOR BOTTLE SLANT TIP  | eBay
3 WELLA 8 OZ PLASTIC HAIR COLOR APPLICATOR BOTTLE SLANT TIP | eBay (ebay.com)
Movie: Paul Cocksedge on his Styrene plastic cup lamp shade
Movie: Paul Cocksedge on his Styrene plastic cup lamp shade (dezeen.com)
A 61% lighter cell culture dish to reduce plastic waste
A 61% lighter cell culture dish to reduce plastic waste (journals.plos.org)
8' plastic funnel Archives | Make: DIY Projects and Ideas for Makers
8' plastic funnel Archives | Make: DIY Projects and Ideas for Makers (makezine.com)
Rix Products Inc. - Injection Plastics
Rix Products Inc. - Injection Plastics (rixproducts.com)
U.K. consortium develops 'invisible' labeling to help sorting facilities identify and upcycle food-grade plastics
U.K. consortium develops 'invisible' labeling to help sorting facilities identify and upcycle food-grade plastics (psfk.com)
Peel Environmental inks £130m deal to develop 11 waste plastic to hydrogen plants
Peel Environmental inks £130m deal to develop 11 waste plastic to hydrogen plants (businessgreen.com)
Hannants  - Plastic model kits and accessories
Hannants - Plastic model kits and accessories (hannants.co.uk)