Polymeric materials (usually organic) of large molecular weight which can be shaped by flow. Plastic usually refers to the final product with fillers, plasticizers, pigments, and stabilizers included (versus the resin, the homogeneous polymeric starting material). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The branch of surgery concerned with restoration, reconstruction, or improvement of defective, damaged, or missing structures.
The infiltrating of histological specimens with plastics, including acrylic resins, epoxy resins and polyethylene glycol, for support of the tissues in preparation for sectioning with a microtome.
Derivatives and polymers of styrene. They are used in the manufacturing of synthetic rubber, plastics, and resins. Some of the polymers form the skeletal structures for ion exchange resin beads.
Debris resulting from a process that is of no further use to the system producing it. The concept includes materials discharged from or stored in a system in inert form as a by-product of vital activities. (From Webster's New Collegiate Dictionary, 1981)
A polyvinyl resin used extensively in the manufacture of plastics, including medical devices, tubing, and other packaging. It is also used as a rubber substitute.
Compounds which contain the methyl radical substituted with two benzene rings. Permitted are any substituents, but ring fusion to any of the benzene rings is not allowed.
Polymerized forms of styrene used as a biocompatible material, especially in dentistry. They are thermoplastic and are used as insulators, for injection molding and casting, as sheets, plates, rods, rigid forms and beads.
Hard, amorphous, brittle, inorganic, usually transparent, polymerous silicate of basic oxides, usually potassium or sodium. It is used in the form of hard sheets, vessels, tubing, fibers, ceramics, beads, etc.
Detection and counting of scintillations produced in a fluorescent material by ionizing radiation.
Equipment used to prevent contamination of and by patients, especially those with bacterial infections. This includes plastic surgical isolators and isolators used to protect immunocompromised patients.
The capacity of the NERVOUS SYSTEM to change its reactivity as the result of successive activations.
Containers, packaging, and packaging materials for processed and raw foods and beverages. It includes packaging intended to be used for storage and also used for preparation of foods such as microwave food containers versus COOKING AND EATING UTENSILS. Packaging materials may be intended for food contact or designated non-contact, for example, shipping containers. FOOD LABELING is also available.
Adherence of cells to surfaces or to other cells.
Propylene or propene polymers. Thermoplastics that can be extruded into fibers, films or solid forms. They are used as a copolymer in plastics, especially polyethylene. The fibers are used for fabrics, filters and surgical sutures.
Procedures used to reconstruct, restore, or improve defective, damaged, or missing structures.
The extraction and recovery of usable or valuable material from scrap or other discarded materials. (from McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed.)
Benzene derivatives that include one or more hydroxyl groups attached to the ring structure.
A group of compounds that has the general structure of a dicarboxylic acid-substituted benzene ring. The ortho-isomer is used in dye manufacture. (Dorland, 28th ed)
A highly poisonous compound used widely in the manufacture of plastics, adhesives and synthetic rubber.
Thin strands of transparent material, usually glass, that are used for transmitting light waves over long distances.
Cells propagated in vitro in special media conducive to their growth. Cultured cells are used to study developmental, morphologic, metabolic, physiologic, and genetic processes, among others.
Materials incorporated mechanically in plastics (usually PVC) to increase flexibility, workability or distensibility; due to the non-chemical inclusion, plasticizers leach out from the plastic and are found in body fluids and the general environment.
Form in which product is processed or wrapped and labeled. PRODUCT LABELING is also available.
Synthetic thermoplastics that are tough, flexible, inert, and resistant to chemicals and electrical current. They are often used as biocompatible materials for prostheses and implants.
Tongues of skin and subcutaneous tissue, sometimes including muscle, cut away from the underlying parts but often still attached at one end. They retain their own microvasculature which is also transferred to the new site. They are often used in plastic surgery for filling a defect in a neighboring region.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Apparatus, devices, or supplies intended for one-time or temporary use.
A plant genus of the family POACEAE. The common name of wheatgrass is also used for other plants in the family.
The study of the origin, structure, development, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of organisms which inhabit the OCEANS AND SEAS.
Further or repeated use of equipment, instruments, devices, or materials. It includes additional use regardless of the original intent of the producer as to disposability or durability. It does not include the repeated use of fluids or solutions.
A great expanse of continuous bodies of salt water which together cover more than 70 percent of the earth's surface. Seas may be partially or entirely enclosed by land, and are smaller than the five oceans (Atlantic, Pacific, Indian, Arctic, and Antarctic).
The science that deals with the ocean and its phenomena. (Webster, 3d ed)
Multidisciplinary team most frequently consisting of INTENSIVE CARE UNIT trained personnel who are available 24 hours per day, 7 days per week for evaluation of patients who develop signs or symptoms of severe clinical deterioration.
A combustible, gaseous mixture of low-molecular weight PARAFFIN hydrocarbons, generated below the surface of the earth. It contains mostly METHANE and ETHANE with small amounts of PROPANE; BUTANES; and higher hydrocarbons, and sometimes NITROGEN; CARBON DIOXIDE; HYDROGEN SULFIDE; and HELIUM. (from McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
A clear, colorless, viscous organic solvent and diluent used in pharmaceutical preparations.
A chemical process for separating the components of a liquid mixture by boiling and collecting condensed vapors.
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
A plastic substance deposited by insects or obtained from plants. Waxes are esters of various fatty acids with higher, usually monohydric alcohols. The wax of pharmacy is principally yellow wax (beeswax), the material of which honeycomb is made. It consists chiefly of cerotic acid and myricin and is used in making ointments, cerates, etc. (Dorland, 27th ed)
A gas that has been used as an aerosol propellant and is the starting material for polyvinyl resins. Toxicity studies have shown various adverse effects, particularly the occurrence of liver neoplasms.
A mixture of solid hydrocarbons obtained from petroleum. It has a wide range of uses including as a stiffening agent in ointments, as a lubricant, and as a topical anti-inflammatory. It is also commonly used as an embedding material in histology.
NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE service for health professionals and consumers. It links extensive information from the National Institutes of Health and other reviewed sources of information on specific diseases and conditions.
Legally authorized corporations owned and managed by one or more professionals (medical, dental, legal) in which the income is ascribed primarily to the professional activities of the owners or stockholders.
Information intended for potential users of medical and healthcare services. There is an emphasis on self-care and preventive approaches as well as information for community-wide dissemination and use.
Platforms that provide the ability and tools to create and publish information accessed via the INTERNET. Generally these platforms have three characteristics with content user generated, high degree of interaction between creator and viewer, and easily integrated with other sites.
Proteins, generally found in the CYTOPLASM, that specifically bind ANDROGENS and mediate their cellular actions. The complex of the androgen and receptor migrates to the CELL NUCLEUS where it induces transcription of specific segments of DNA.
It is a form of protection provided by law. In the United States this protection is granted to authors of original works of authorship, including literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and certain other intellectual works. This protection is available to both published and unpublished works. (from Circular of the United States Copyright Office, 6/30/2008)
A high-molecular-weight polymeric elastomer derived from the milk juice (LATEX) of HEVEA brasiliensis and other trees and plants. It is a substance that can be stretched at room temperature to at least twice its original length and after releasing the stress, retract rapidly, and recover its original dimensions fully.
The aggregate enterprise of manufacturing and technically producing chemicals. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
The industry concerned with the removal of raw materials from the Earth's crust and with their conversion into refined products.
Any enterprise centered on the processing, assembly, production, or marketing of a line of products, services, commodities, or merchandise, in a particular field often named after its principal product. Examples include the automobile, fishing, music, publishing, insurance, and textile industries.

Why do short term workers have high mortality? (1/611)

Increased mortality is often reported among workers in short term employment. This may indicate either a health-related selection process or the presence of different lifestyle or social conditions among short term workers. The authors studied these two aspects of short term employment among 16,404 Danish workers in the reinforced plastics industry who were hired between 1978 and 1985 and were followed to the end of 1988. Preemployment hospitalization histories for 1977-1984 were ascertained and were related to length of employment between 1978 and 1988. Workers who had been hospitalized prior to employment showed a 20% higher risk of early termination of employment than those never hospitalized (rate ratio (RR) = 1.20, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.16-1.29), and the risk increased with number of hospitalizations. For workers with two or more preemployment hospitalizations related to alcohol abuse or violence, the rate ratios for short term employment were 2.30 (95% CI 1.74-3.06) and 1.86 (95% CI 1.35-2.56), respectively. An unhealthy lifestyle may also be a determinant of short term employment. While it is possible in principle to adjust for lifestyle factors if proper data are collected, the health-related selection of workers requires careful consideration when choosing a reference group for comparative studies of cumulative occupational exposure.  (+info)

The induction of macrophage spreading: role of coagulation factors and the complement system. (2/611)

Unstimulated mouse peritoneal macrophages, attached to either glass or plastic substrates, responded to factors generated in serum and plasma by spreading and increasing their apparent surface area up to eightfold. Two distinct and dissociable systems were involved. The first appears related to the distinct and dissociable systems were involved. The first appears related to the contact phase of blood coagulation. It is activated by glass and not plastic surfaces, depleted by kaolin adsorption, and inhibited by soybean trypsin inhibitor. In contrast, a separate complement-dependent system can be generated in kaolin-adsorbed plasma. Activation of the complement system can occur either by the alternate or classical pathways and generates a relatively small effector molecule which is dialyzable. These factors presumably influencing the surface membrane and underlying structures may explain the rapid spreading of activated macrophages observed after both infections and chemical peritoneal inflammatory agents.  (+info)

A clearance model of inhaled man-made fibers in rat lungs. (3/611)

A clearance model of inhaled man-made fibers (MMFs) was developed, and the calculated fiber numbers and dimensions were compared with the experimental ones using a glass fiber (GF), ceramic fiber (RF1) and two potassium octatitanate whiskers (PT1, TW). If the translocation rate by macrophages is constant and the effect of dissolution and disintegration can be ignored, the fiber number is expected to decrease exponentially with time. In the experimental study, however, the fiber number did not always decrease exponentially. In the case of RF1, the fiber number decreased almost exponentially and the diameter decreased linearly with the time. The clearance rate constant of GF during 3 to 6 months after the end of one-month exposure was greater than that during 1 to 3 months. On the contrary, the clearance rate constants of PT1 and TW during 1 to 6 months were greater than next six months. The diameter and the length of GF did not change significantly. The fiber length of PT1 tends to become longer with time although the diameter did not change significantly. Our theoretical model gives a satisfactory fit to these experimental results.  (+info)

Role of extracellular matrix and Ras in regulation of glomerular epithelial cell proliferation. (4/611)

Signals from extracellular matrix (ECM) to growth factor receptors regulate glomerular epithelial cell (GEC) proliferation. Epidermal growth factor (EGF), basic fibroblast growth factor, hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), or thrombin stimulated proliferation of GECs when the cells were adherent to collagen matrices, but not plastic substratum. Furthermore, EGF, HGF, or thrombin activated p42 mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase in collagen-adherent GECs, whereas activation was weak in GECs on plastic. To further examine the interaction of ECM with the Ras-MAP kinase cascade, GECs were stably transfected with a constitutively active Ras mutant (V12Ras). Low or moderate levels of V12Ras expression did not affect basal MAP kinase activity but, unlike parental GECs, in clones that express V12Ras, EGF was able to induce proliferation and activate MAP kinase when these cells were adherent to plastic. In parental and V12Ras-transfected GECs, MAP kinase activation was inhibited by cytochalasin D. Thus, adhesion of GECs to ECM facilitates proliferation and MAP kinase activation by mitogens acting via tyrosine kinase or non-tyrosine kinase receptors. Activation of pathway(s) downstream of V12Ras supplants signals from ECM that enable proliferation. These signals may involve the actin cytoskeleton.  (+info)

Stability of gentamicin in serum. (5/611)

Patients' sera were divided into three portions when the initial gentamicin level was determined and were stored at -20, 4, and 25 degrees C in plastic or glass tubes. Gentamicin levels were repeated after 1 and 2 days of storage at the respective temperatures. There was no significant difference in gentamicin levels among portions, except those from a patient in renal failure with high serum concentrations of carbenicillin.  (+info)

An investigation of factors contributing to styrene and styrene-7,8-oxide exposures in the reinforced-plastics industry. (6/611)

During the manufacturing of reinforced plastics, large amounts of styrene and trace quantities of styrene-7,8-oxide (SO) are released. Since previous work suggests that inhalation of even small amounts of SO might be an important health risk, we investigated several possible factors contributing to styrene and SO exposure during the manufacture of reinforced plastics. Factors related to job type, worker and the type and quantity of styrene-containing resins were investigated using mixed-effects multiple linear regression models. Overall, SO exposure levels were positively correlated with styrene exposure levels. However, this correlation was statistically significant only among hand laminators who had the highest exposures to both styrene and SO. An important factor for predicting both styrene and SO concentrations was the type of resin used, while the quantity of resin consumed was predictive of styrene but not of SO exposure. Since So exposure appears to be associated with factors other than coexposure to styrene, more effort should be placed on investigating emissions of SO per se. The type of mixed-models regression analysis employed in this study can be used for clarifying the underlying patterns for exposures to styrene and SO as well as for evaluating preventive measures.  (+info)

Considerations for in vitro retinoid experiments: importance of protein interaction. (7/611)

Retinoids, natural and synthetic substances structurally related to vitamin A, are important modulators of cell proliferation and differentiation, and have proven activity in cancer therapy. Experiments to reveal the mechanism of action of retinoids are routinely performed in in vitro models. As retinoids are relatively hydrophobic and unstable, we hypothesized that the composition of culture media is of critical importance for the stability and bioavailability of these compounds. Various culture media were incubated with all-trans-, 13-cis- and 9-cis-retinoic acid (RA). Without fetal calf serum (FCS) or bovine serum albumin (BSA) in the medium, the concentration of these retinoids was found to decrease to considerably low levels. This excessive loss of retinoids was due to absorption to culture plates, reaction tubes and pipet tips. Binding of retinoids to BSA was demonstrated to have attenuating effects on uptake and metabolism of all-trans-RA, as studied in oral keratinocytes and head and neck cancer cells, indicating that a balance exists between the bioavailability and the aspecific loss of retinoids. In this study we demonstrate that the type of culture medium and especially the presence of protein in the medium is of paramount importance to perform reproducible experiments with retinoids.  (+info)

Washing plastic spacers in household detergent reduces electrostatic charge and greatly improves delivery. (8/611)

Ionic detergents reduce electrostatic charge on plastic spacers, thereby improving in vitro drug delivery. The aim of this study was to gain practical information on the use of detergents and to evaluate the relevance of this information on in vivo drug deposition. Measurement of electrostatic charge and salbutamol particle size distribution was carried out on detergent-coated and noncoated plastic spacers. The efficiency of four household detergents was compared, and the influence of dilution and the duration of the antistatic effect were studied. In addition, the level of radiolabelled salbutamol deposition in the lungs of eight healthy adults was compared after inhalation through a new versus a detergent-coated spacer. In vitro, all tested detergents reduced the electrostatic charge on the spacer surface. This resulted in a mean increase of 37.4% (range 33.5-41.2) in small particle (<6.8 microm) salbutamol output compared with water-rinsed/drip-dried spacers. Dilution had no influence on the results and the effect lasted for at least four weeks. In vivo, the mean lung deposition of radiolabelled salbutamol in healthy subjects was 45.6% (range 43.4-49.5) through a detergent-coated spacer compared to 11.5% (range 7.6-17.9) through a static spacer (p<0.001). In conclusion, household detergents offer a simple and practical solution to the problem of static on plastic spacers and significantly improve both in vitro and in vivo delivery of salbutamol.  (+info)

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Research Corridor has published a new research study titled Laminated Plastics Plate Market - Growth, Share, Opportunities, Competitive Analysis and Forecast, 2017 - 2025. The Laminated Plastics Plate Market report studies current as well as future aspects of the Laminated Plastics Plate Market based upon factors such as market dynamics, key ongoing trends and segmentation analysis. Apart from the above elements, the Laminated Plastics Plate Market research report provides a 360-degree view of the Lipstick Packing industry with geographic segmentation, statistical forecast and the competitive landscape.. Browse the complete report at http://www.researchcorridor.com/laminated-plastics-plate-market/. Geographically, the Laminated Plastics Plate Market report comprises dedicated sections centering on the regional market revenue and trends. The Laminated Plastics Plate Market has been segmented on the basis of geographic regions into North America, Europe, Asia Pacific and Rest of the World (RoW). ...
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According to reports, bottled water producers in Europe set a goal of increasing the recycling rate of plastic bottles from 60% to 90% by 2025 to increase recycling efficiency and reduce pollution.. The European Federation of Bottled Water said in a statement that plastic bottle packaging is an unacceptable part of the phenomenon of littering. According to reports, approximately 60% of polyethylene terephthalate (PET) bottles are currently recycled, despite large differences among countries. The Federation stated that the new industry target set by them is to increase the EU average plastic bottle recycling rate to 90% by 2025.. The Federation also stated that EU citizens drink about 110 liters of bottled water per year on average. The Federation will work with the recycling industry to use at least 25% of recycled plastic bottles for bottled water bottles by 2025. However, the Federation did not give a clear explanation as to how these goals will be achieved and how much it costs. According to ...
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Press Release issued Jun 9, 2015: Thermoformed plastic products can be produced by heating a plastic sheet to a pliable forming temperature, shaping it as desirable, and trimming it to create a usable end product. Plastics can be thermoformed through various processes which include vacuum snapback, plug assist forming, and thick and thin gauge thermoforming. Different raw materials used for manufacturing thermoformed plastic products include acrylics, bio-degradable polymers, polycarbonates, acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS), polyethylene (PE), polypropylene (PP), polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA), polystyrene (PS), and poly vinyl chloride (PVC). Thermoformed plastic products are usually lighter in weight and relatively-stronger compared to traditional packaging materials such as glass and woods. Thus, they are most-widely used in different packaging applications in electronic, healthcare, and food packaging industries .
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A method for producing a plastic scintillator is disclosed. A plurality of nano-sized particles and one or more dopants can be combined with a plastic material for the formation of a plastic scintillator thereof. The nano-sized particles, the dopant and the plastic material can be combined within the dry inert atmosphere of an extruder to produce a reaction that results in the formation of a plastic scintillator thereof and the deposition of energy within the plastic scintillator, such that the plastic scintillator produces light signifying the detection of a radiative element. The nano-sized particles can be treated with an inert gas prior to processing the nano-sized particles, the dopant and the plastic material utilizing the extruder. The plastic scintillator can be a neutron-sensitive scintillator, x-ray sensitive scintillator and/or a scintillator for the detection of minimum ionizing particles ...
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Plastic bottles are used on a large scale for packaging of liquid products like water, soft drinks, cooking oils, cosmetic products like shampoo, pharmaceutical preparations and many other products. Plastic has become popular because it is lightweight, has superior resistance to breakage and relatively low production and transportation costs besides it provides ease of transportation as compared to glass bottles. Expect for beer and wine the food industry has completely replaced glass with plastic bottles and the pharmaceutical industry is doing exactly the same.. Packaging procedures for pharmaceutical products are followed according to those prescribed in the Product Containers and Closures under Schedule M of the Drugs & Cosmetics Act 1940 and Rules1945. These state that all containers and closures must comply with the pharmacopoeial or any other requirement, suitable sampling methods and sterilization procedures as and when prescribed to assure that containers, closures and other component ...
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Development of plastic scintillation detector (PSD) systems for dosimetry has been evolving for two decades now. The subject area has been a topic of a keen research interest that has generated lot of publications lately. PSD systems are being introduced in the market place. Numerous PSD systems for External Beam Radiation Therapy and Brachytherapy have been proposed, most times differentiating from the original systems by slight changes in one or more components, such as the photodetector. However, few major technological and engineering innovations have enabled this new technology to be embraced by the community which helped launching these systems for commercialization (Standard Imaging, Radiadyne, etc.). Scintillation materials (plastic, scintillating fibers and liquid) have many properties that make them ideal for dosimetry including water equivalence and energy independence for MV photons, linearity with dose, dose rate independence, high spatial resolution and nanosecond fast response time.
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Graphene laminate - multilayer stacks of graphene layers piled on top of each other - is a promising material for thermal coating applications. Researchers have investigated thermal conductivity of graphene laminate films deposited on PET substrates. They found that the compressed laminates have higher thermal conductivity for the same average flake size owing to better flake alignment. This shows a possibility of up to 600-times enhancement of the thermal conductivity of plastic materials by coating them with the thin graphene laminate films.
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As a leader in domestic plastics industry, Kingfa Sci & Tech Co., Ltd. mainly produces modified plastics, specialty engineering plastics, completely biodegradable plastics, carbon fiber and composite materials, of which, the 30 kt/a PBS and polybutylene succinate adipate (PBSA) has been put into operation in Zhuhai in 2011, the Phase II 90 kt/a PBSA expansion project will be launched. Meanwhile, Kingfa is also increasing intensity of downstream demand expansion. The company has signed biodegradable plastic mulch demonstrative application agreements with Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps, Guizhou, Shandong and other provinces and cities in early 2014 ...
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FANTASY PLUS blistering machine, with its practical and compact shape, is suited for the production of industrial quality blisters for clinical trials, stability testing, marketing samples and small batches to carry out in R&D Laboratories or pharmaceutical plants. This innovative blister machine, equipped with PLC and printer, can produce from pre-cut foils high quality blisters both in plastic material with aluminum or different covering, and ALU-ALU (Tropical). Operations such as thermoforming of plastic material, cold forming, sealing /coding/perforation and blister die cutting are carried out on the same machine due to a rapid and simple change of tools and without extra keys or experienced staff. The standard output is 4 blisters mm100x60 per stroke in plastic material with aluminum covering, and for ALU-ALU its 1 blister per cycle with max dimension mm 155×80. On demand, tailor-made projects can be developed according to the customers real needs, manufacturing moulds with different ...
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Living four days without consuming plastics hasnt been such a challenge yet; nevertheless it became more fun. As a quick reference to my last blog post, I aim to reduce my plastic use significantly for 30 days and reuse the products that I already have. My main motivation to do this is to help drawing attention to the Great Pacific Garbage Patch and other marine debris around the world.. Plastics can live longer than human beings. It takes 100 years for a plastic bottle to degrade in a marine environment. Given that plastics were invented only in the 19th century, almost all of the plastic content that was produced still exists somewhere in the world.. It is indeed very easy to live without plastic bags and plastic bottles. I bring my own shopping bag when I go grocery shopping and I reuse my old bottles and try to avoid plastic bottles in any kind. It was hard to give up some of beverages that I like. However, I can find access to drinking water easily in many developed cities. Hence, glass ...
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0033]Processes for production of TPU are well known. By way of example, the thermoplastic polyurethanes can be produced via reaction of (a) isocyanates with (b) compounds reactive toward isocyanates and having a molar mass of from 500 g/mol to 10 000 g/mol and, if appropriate, (c) chain extenders having a molar mass of from 50 g/mol to 499 g/mol, if appropriate in the presence of (d) catalysts, and/or of (e) conventional auxiliaries and/or additives. The inventive plasticizers (i) can be added either to the compounds (b) reactive toward isocyanates prior to or during the production of the TPUs or else to the finished TPU, for example to the molten or softened TPU. The thermoplastic polyurethane can be processed thermoplastically, without loss of the action of the inventive plasticizers. The starting components and processes for production of the preferred TPUs will be described below. The components (a), (b), (c), and also, if appropriate, (d) and/or (e) usually used in the production of the ...
The proposal, aiming in the long term to reduce plastic, implies the creation of biodegradable and ecological materials based on Geen Cemistry. Apart from this, it allows on-site analysis which is simple and fast and in most cases doesn´t require external energy sources. Biodegradable materials will probably be the definitive substitutes of plastic researcher at the Department of Analytical Chemistry at UV and one of the authors of the article, Neus Martínez Jornet, highlights.. The biosensors are devices which incorporate natural, biological materials (enzymes, microorganisms, anti-bodies, proteins etc.) into non-biodegradable frames and used to measure biological or chemical parameters. Some of the things that can be thus measured are levels of glucose and cholesterol or nitrares in blood, as well as phosphates and amonnium in water.. Most of this kind of devices are made from non-degradable materials, and their use is rising. Once they are used up, they create a great quantity of residue ...
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Phthalate esters (PEs) belong to a class of organic compounds used as plasticisers in plastic materials such as polyvinyl chloride (PVC), polypropylene (PP), polyethylene terephthalate (PET) and so on, including those used in the food packaging industry. Phthalate plasticisers are not chemically bound to plastic materials and hence, migrate into items such as foodstuffs they house. The study aimed at investigating the prevalence of selected phthalate esters from plastic wrappers into food as well as the presence of food and/or pathogenic microorganisms. Plastic-wrapped cheese, vienna sausages and polony samples purchased from commercial stores in the four regions of Pretoria (Tswane), South Africa, were analysed for the presence of plasticisers; di-2-ethylhexyl adipate (DEHA), di-n-butyl phthalate (DnBP), benzyl-butyl phthalate (BBP), di-butyl phthalate (DBP) and dimethyl phthalate (DMP). Soxhlet extraction using hexane with florisil column cleanup was carried out. Analysis of PEs was by Gas ...
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The word Hard is used to describe only one characteristic, the stiffness, of the plastic material these lenses are made from. The word Rigid is used in exactly the same way.. A separate issue is the Gas Permeability of the material. The gases we are talking about are Carbon Dioxide and Oxygen - both of critical importance to the healthy functioning of the cornea. Ideally Carbon Dioxide molecules leaving the cornea would pass freely (permeate) through the contact lens and escape to the air: Oxygen from the air would pass freely (permeate) in the opposite direction to bring fresh oxygen to the cornea - keeping it clear.. Traditional Hard / Rigid plastic material did not allow any gas to pass through at all. For more than 40 years however we have used Rigid lenses of increasingly excellent Gas Permeability. Hence Rigid Gas Permeable (RGP) lenses. The surface of these lenses is easy to clean and not prone to contamination, typically lasting about 3 years - sometimes more, before being ...
In recent years, colloidal quantum dots (QDs) have strongly attracted attention in the field of lighting and display technologies [1]. These are crystals from inorganic semiconductors in the size of a few nanometers which leads to quantum effects which dictate their optical and electronical behavior. The smaller these crystals get, the more confined are the charge carriers which increases the gap between the energy bands of the QDs. This means the wavelength of the emitted light of the QDs can be tuned by their size. Other advantages are the high quantum efficiency, small full width at half maximum (FWHM), chemical stability, and the possibility to process from a solution.. These advantages are used in light-emitting diodes based on QDs (QD-LEDs) which give them a few benefits over their organic counterparts. It is possible to produce QD-LEDs in nearly every wavelength of the visible light with the same material by using different sized QDs as the emitting layer and the FWHM is much smaller (30 ...
February 24, 2005. Agricultural Research Service (ARS) scientists who have developed a method to turn chicken feathers into plastic products are continuing to bring the technology closer to the marketplace. ARS chemist Walter Schmidt developed the technology to clean feathers and separate them into chopped fibers and quill pieces. Now Schmidt and fellow ARS chemist Justin Barone have developed and applied for a patent for a process to convert cleaned and chopped feather material into plastic products on a laboratory scale. Schmidt and Barone work in ARS Environmental Quality Laboratory in Beltsville, Md. According to Barone, the material is made on traditional plastics processing equipment using chopped chicken feathers and other easily obtainable, naturally derived materials. The feather-derived plastic can be molded just like any other plastic and has properties very similar to commodity plastics such as polyethylene and polypropylene. This makes the feather-derived plastic a unique material ...
Natural News) The future looks brighter as researchers have discovered a way to create plastic thats not harmful to nature. Scientists from the Centre of Sustainable Chemical Technologies (CSCT) at the University of Bath has successfully created a plastic material that doesnt use highly toxic substances that could pose problems not only to the environment but also to our health. This biodegradable plastic will be made from sugar and carbon dioxide instead of crude oil and bisphenol-A (BPA) - a material banned from use in baby bottles - and phosgene, a highly toxic chemical that was even used as a weapon in World War I.. With an ever-growing population, there is an increasing demand for plastics. This new plastic is a renewable alternative to fossil-fuel based polymers, potentially inexpensive, and, because it is biodegradable, will not contribute to growing ocean and landfill waste, said Dr. Antoine Buchard, Whorrod Research Fellow in the Universitys Department of Chemistry. Our process ...
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Carien van Aubel. Conservation Science intern, University of Amsterdam. Collections with objects dating from the late-nineteenth-century onwards often include a variety of plastics. As there are numerous different types of plastics it would be hoped that specific identification would be stated in the records but it is not easy for those not experienced with plastics to identify them. For unambiguous identification it is necessary to carry out technical analysis, mostly time-consuming, costly and not always accessible for every collection. Plastics that are easy to identify often already show degradation signs, like a specific smell, crazing or discolouration. By knowing the nature of materials in a collection, better care can be taken of objects.. The Museum of Design in Plastics (MoDiP) at the Arts University Bournemouth (AUB) developed a flowchart to identify plastics for curators and others with little knowledge of plastic materials.1 It was written in collaboration with experts from ...
We showed previously that confluent ARPE-19 cells grown on different matrices had different transcriptional profiles from native RPE, and that cells grown on plastic had the closest transcriptome to native RPE.2 To improve the transcriptional proximity of ARPE-19 cells grown on plastic to native RPE, we varied the culture conditions and evaluated global expression trends, a more informative benchmark than individual gene expression. With this end point, CSW and DSW cells were most similar to native RPE. While each culture condition preserved the expression of the most abundant genes, significant transcriptional differences exist between native and cultured cells including the number of genes on the array that were expressed and not expressed, the number and function of differentially expressed genes, and the number of expressed low abundance genes. Our results suggest that the global expression profiles can be improved by varying the culture conditions, but significant widespread differences ...
Plastics that decompose in the nature by the action of microorganisms are generally referred as biodegradable plastics. These plastics are divided into different categories such as bio-based and petro-based biodegradable plastics.
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Plastic is one of the most environmentally unfriendly materials, because it takes so long for this plastic to completely break down naturally.. Plastic materials are not stored for long when compared to metals. They are easy and often thrown away when they are not used anymore.. Much effort has been made to reduce plastic waste to find ways to destroy plastic faster.. Reported by detikINET from Ubergizmo the good news is that Singapore researchers at Nanyang Technological University (NTU) have found a possible alternative to plastic substitutes using shells and fruits.. This arises when researchers try to make chitin, a food thickener or stabilizer and also those used in antimicrobial food packaging.. A large amount of shrimp waste has sparked industrial interest because it is an abundant source of chitin. However, there are problems in extraction methods that are unsustainable and dangerous for the environment, said Professor William Chen, Chief Researcher.. Our new method of taking ...
A semiconductor device in which degradation due to permeation of water and oxygen can be limited, e.g., a light emitting device having an organic light emitting device (OLED) formed on a plastic substrate, and a liquid crystal display using a plastic substrate. A layer to be debonded, containing elements, is formed on a substrate, bonded to a supporting member, and debonded from the substrate. A thin film is thereafter formed on the debonded layer. The debonded layer with the thin film is adhered to a transfer member. Cracks caused in the debonded layer at the time of debonding are thereby repaired. As the thin film in contact with the debonded layer, a film having thermal conductivity, e.g., film of aluminum nitride or aluminum nitroxide is used. This film dissipates heat from the elements and has the effect of preventing deformation and change in quality of the transfer member, e.g., a plastic substrate.
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The plastic arts or visual arts are a class of art forms, that involve the use of materials, that can be moulded or modulated ... The performing arts differ from the plastic arts or visual arts, insofar as the former uses the artist's own body, face and ... Plastic or visual arts[edit]. Main articles: Art education and Art school ...
Medical plastic oxygen masks[edit]. Medical plastic oxygen masks are used primarily by medical care providers for oxygen ... Light weight plastic hoses provide oxygen to the helmet and remove exhaled gas to the outside of the chamber. Oxygen helmets ... Some types of oxygen masks have a breathing bag made of plastic or rubber attached to the mask or oxygen supply hose to store a ... Silicone and rubber oxygen masks are heavier than plastic masks. They are designed to provide a good seal for long-duration use ...
Cellulose propionate, a molded, durable plastic. *3D-printed plastic using super-fine polyamide powder and Selective Laser ... Plastic and polymer[edit]. *Cellulose acetate. *Optyl, a type of hypoallergenic material made especially for eyeglass frames. ... Glasses, also known as eyeglasses or spectacles, are devices consisting of glass or hard plastic lenses mounted in a frame that ... pair of brows or caps, plastic or metal caps which fit over the top of the eye wires for style enhancement and to provide ...
Plastic[edit]. Solid plastic plain bearings are now increasingly popular due to dry-running lubrication-free behavior. Solid ... Plastic bearings are subject to the same design cautions as all other plastic parts: creep, high thermal expansion, softening ( ... Bearing properties of various plastics[20][21][23] Temperature range. P (max.) [psi (MPa)]. V (max.) [sfm (m/s)]. PV (max.) [ ... Plastic bearings are now quite common, including usage in photocopy machines, tills, farm equipment, textile machinery, medical ...
Single-use plastic water bottles[edit]. See also: Plastic bottle. Water bottle sales have increased almost every decade in the ... To sustain the consumptive use of products relying on plastic components and level of manufactured demand for plastic water ... Halden, Rolf U. (2010). "Plastics and Health Risks". Annual Review of Public Health. 31: 179-94. doi:10.1146/annurev.publhealth ... Heavier than plastic, stainless steel or aluminum bottles, they are easier to damage and break. Glass bottles have a high level ...
Plastic waste. The introduction of plastic waste to the ocean environment by humans is new. Sperm whales have occasionally been ... "Whales are starving, their stomachs full of our plastic waste" author Philip Hoare. 30 March 2016. ... found with pieces of plastic in their stomachs.[237][238][239] ...
Rulon is the trade name for a family of PTFE plastics produced by Saint-Gobain Performance Plastics. Rulon plastics are known ... Furon was purchased by Saint-Gobain Performance Plastics.[2] Properties and types[edit]. There are many different types of ... "Saint-Gobain Performance Plastics Corporation. 2005. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-10-11. Retrieved 2010-10-11.. ... "Saint-Gobain Performance Plastics Corporation. Archived from the original on 2010-10-11. Retrieved 2010-10-11.. ...
Plastic swatches[edit]. Companies manufacturing color masterbatches and pigments for plastics offer plastic swatches in ... Pigments are used for coloring paint, ink, plastic, fabric, cosmetics, food, and other materials. Most pigments used in ... These color chips are supplied to the designer or customer to choose and select the color for their specific plastic products. ... Plastic swatches are available in various special effects like pearl, metallic, fluorescent, sparkle, mosaic etc. However, ...
Eisenberg, Ted; Eisenberg, Joyne K. (2012). The Scoop on Breasts: A Plastic Surgeon Busts the Myths. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania ... Even medical studies have attested to the difficulty of getting a correct fit.[28] Research by plastic surgeons has suggested ... Pechter, Edward A. (1998). "A New Method for Determining Bra Size and Predicting Postaugmentation Breast Size". Plastic and ... British Journal of Plastic Surgery. 56 (3): 230-236. doi:10.1016/S0007-1226(03)00122-X. PMID 12859918.. Katch, Victor L.; ...
Plastic Packaging[edit]. The vast majority of all household product packaging comes in plastic. These common plastics are not ... Overall, it is approximated that there are up to hundreds of thousands of tons of plastic in surface waters.[18] This plastic ... The debris can entangle species or aquatic animals can eat the plastic, which can lead to poisoning and often death.[18] ... This chart compares the greatest sources of plastic waste, with packaging largely at the forefront of the issue. ...
Plastics filler[edit]. Barium sulfate is commonly used as a filler for plastics to increase the density of the polymer in ... In polypropylene and polystyrene plastics, it is used as a filler in proportions up to 70%. It has an effect of increasing acid ...
Plastic pollution[edit]. Plastics are swallowed by little penguins, who mistake them for prey items. They present a choking ... Other larger plastic items, such as bottle packaging rings, can become entangled around penguins' necks, affecting their ...
The plastic waste found in the study consisted mostly of single-use items such as bottles, plastic cutlery, bags and drinking ... Plastic pollution[edit]. A 2019 study led by Jennifer Lavers from the University of Tasmania's Institute of Marine and ... "Tonnes of plastic waste pollute Cocos Island beaches, and what you see is only a fragment". ABC News. Australian Broadcasting ... Antarctic Studies published in the journal Scientific Reports estimated the volume of plastic rubbish on the Islands as around ...
"Plastics". hemp.com. 14 May 2013. Retrieved 9 November 2013.. *^ "Lotus announces hemp-based Eco Elise: a new type of 'green' ... Plastic and composite materials[edit]. Main article: Bioplastic. A mixture of fiberglass, hemp fiber, kenaf, and flax has been ... and in plastics. Hemp seeds have been used in bird feed mix as well.[13] A survey in 2003 showed that more than 95% of hemp ... biodegradable plastics, paint, insulation, biofuel, food, and animal feed.[4][5] ...
Main article: Plastics extrusion. Plastics extrusion commonly uses plastic chips or pellets, which are usually dried, to drive ... First, the relative motion in the plane of rotation leads to large shear stresses, hence, plastic deformation in the layer of ... This plastic deformation is dissipated by recovery and recrystallization processes leading to substantial heating of the ... A multitude of polymers are used in the production of plastic tubing, pipes, rods, rails, seals, and sheets or films. ...
Books with plastic artists[edit]. *"Lapidario incompleto" [Incomplete lapidary], in Antonio Gamoneda, Luis Mateo Díez, José ...
Plastic Free Coastlines[edit]. More recently, Surfers Against Sewage have turned their attention to battling the new sewage - ... plastic pollution. Through national initiatives such as the Big Spring Beach Clean[8] and the Autumn Beach Clean Series[9] they ... to encourage politicians to explore and introduce policies to prevent plastic emissions from entering the environment. ...
Plastic deformation (creep)[edit]. Creep or plastic deformation happens when subjected to intra-oral stresses such as chewing ... Zn is a scavenger and is mostly consumed during melting and lost as oxide). The dentist packs the plastic mass, before it sets ...
Some of the earliest plastics were based on casein. In particular, galalith was well known for use in buttons. Fiber can be ...
Plastic deformation[edit]. In plastic deformation pressure is applied to the protolith, which causes it to shear or bend, but ...
Anti Plastic Drive[edit]. On the account of the 57th death anniversary of Late Annasaheb Vartak on 14 July 2010, the school ... Some students even performed street plays on 'Plastic - The demon' which was witnessed by hordes of people. ... organised an Anti-Plastic Drive. Nearly 400 students participated in this task. ...
Plastic tokens[edit]. Sarah and two other chimpanzees, Elizabeth and Peony, in the research programs of David Premack, ... The plastic tokens were placed on a magnetic slate, within a rectangular frame in a line. The tokens had to be selected and ... The selections came from a vocabulary of several dozen plastic tokens; it took each of the chimpanzees hundreds of trials to ... The technique of conditional discrimination was used such that the orangutan could eventually distinguish plastic letter ( ...
Plastic bag ban[edit]. In July 2018, al-Shabaab announced a complete ban on single-use plastic bags within its territory in a ... "Al-Shabab terrorists ban plastic bags in Somalia for posing 'threat to humans and animals'". DailySabah. Archived from the ...
Plastic[edit]. Plastic is produced mainly from fossil fuels. Plastic manufacturing is estimated to use 8 percent of yearly ... "Plastic Pollution and Climate Change". Plastic Pollution Coalition. Plastic Pollution Coalition. Retrieved 6 August 2018.. ... Plastic & Climate The Hidden Costs of a Plastic Planet (PDF). Center for International Environmental Law, Environmental ... In 2019 a new report "Plastic and Climate" was published. According to the report plastic will contribute greenhouse gases in ...
Plastic model ships[edit]. In the decades since World War Two injection-molded polystyrene plastic model ships have become ... Consisting of preformed plastic parts which can be bonded together with plastic cement, these models are much simpler to ... The early plastic model kit producers such as Airfix, Revell, Frog and Pyro have since been joined by Imai, Tamiya, Hasegawa, ... The plastic model kit market has shifted over the years to a focus on adult hobbyists willing to pay for more elaborate, higher ...
BPA-based plastic is clear and tough, and is made into a variety of common consumer goods, such as plastic bottles including ... Plastic packaging is split into seven broad classes for recycling purposes by a Plastic identification code. As of 2014 there ... Bisphenol A is used primarily to make plastics. Bisphenol A based plastics have been in commercial use since 1957.[15] It is a ... ocean-borne plastic trash, indirect leaching from plastic, paper, and metal waste in landfills, and paper or material recycling ...
Plastic[edit]. Injection moulding is used for mass manufacture of plastic flowers. Plastic is injected into a preformed metal ... polymers and plastics.[5] Moreover, textile items made of polyester but marketed as "silk" violate the US federal law - ... and mass-produced injection plastic mouldings. Polyester has been the main material for manufacturing artificial flowers since ...
In the United States, plastic surgeons are board certified by American Board of Plastic Surgery.[17] Subdisciplines of plastic ... "plastic surgery , Britannica.com". OED Online. Britannica. Retrieved 12 February 2015.. *^ "Plastic". Etymonline. Retrieved 2 ... The word plastic in plastic surgery means 'reshaping' and comes from the Greek πλαστική (τέχνη), plastikē (tekhnē), "the art of ... Pediatric plastic surgery[edit]. Main article: Pediatric plastic surgery. Children often face medical issues very different ...
... random crystallinity temperature (PP-RCT), also used for plastic pipework, is a new form of this plastic. It ... Kaiser, Wolfgang (2011). Kunststoffchemie für Ingenieure von der Synthese bis zur Anwendung [Plastics chemistry for engineers ... Wolfgang, Kaiser (2007). Kunststoffchemie für Ingenieure: von der Synthese bis zur Anwendung [Plastics chemistry for engineers ... Many plastic items for medical or laboratory use can be made from polypropylene because it can withstand the heat in an ...
"Plastic Expert. Plastic Expert. 30 July 2014. Retrieved 7 March 2015.. *^ a b c d e "The price of virtue". The Economist. 7 ... The recycling code for plastics was introduced in 1988 by the plastics industry through the Society of the Plastics Industry.[ ... Given below is the list of suitable plastic raw materials for pyrolysis:. *Mixed plastic (HDPE, LDPE, PE, PP, Nylon, Teflon, PS ... "Recycling Symbols on Plastics - What Do Recycling Codes on Plastics Mean". The Daily Green. Retrieved 29 February 2012.. ...
The Plastics Industry Association is the only organization that represents every segment of the plastics supply chain to make ... PLASTICS_US 2 days US plastics outlook is good, but finding labor will be a challenge trib.al/T1oesYG ... PLASTICS & SPE Team Up:. Spotlight Find out about the new brand owners membership agreement between PLASTICS and SPE. ... NPE2018: The Plastics Show NPE2018: The Plastics Show is just a few months away. Register now! ...
... and tackles single-use plastics, microplastics and plastic waste. ... Discover how the EUs plastics strategy aims to contribute to a ... Plastics strategy The EUs plastics strategy aims to transform the way plastic products are designed, produced, used and ... The plastics strategy also aims to transform the way plastic products are designed, produced, used and recycled in the EU. ... new rules on packaging to improve the recyclability of plastics and increase the demand for recycled plastic content ...
... We are producing more and more throwaway plastic and increasing our dependency on them. Its hazardous to our health ... Africas Exploding Plastic Nightmare. May 2020. ROSEMARY NYAMBURA SPENDS her weekends collecting plastic with her aunt Miriam ... A little more on plastics. February 2018. Plastic bags - whats not to love about them. They are cheap and lightweight enough ... The Story of Plastic is an eye opener into the global plastic pollution crisis. June 2020 ...
Plastics - Aqueous dispersions of polymers and copolymers - Determination of white point temperature and minimum film-forming ... Plastics - Polymers in the liquid, emulsified or dispersed state - Determination of viscosity with a rotational viscometer ... Plastics - Determination of resistance to change upon exposure under glass to daylight ...
The Formosa Plastics Propylene Explosion was a propylene release and explosion that occurred on October 6, 2005, in the Olefins ... "OSHA Fines Formosa Plastics Corp. $148,000 for Alleged Safety and Health Violations" (Press release). OSHA. April 5, 2006. ... The CSB found that while Formosa Plastics did have procedures in place for vehicles speed limits, crane use and a vehicle ... "Fire at Formosa Plastics Corporation: Evaluating Process Hazards" (PDF). Chemical Safety and Hazard Investigation Board. June ...
Plastics: Plastics account for almost 10 percent by weight of the content of municipal garbage. Plastic containers and other ... So-called biodegradable plastics include starches that degrade upon exposure to sunlight (photodegradation), but a fine plastic ... Thermosetting plastics such as polyurethane and epoxy resins, by contrast, cannot be remelted; these are usually ground or ... Plastics. Plastics account for almost 10 percent by weight of the content of municipal garbage. Plastic containers and other ...
Paranormally obtained plastics may be divided into two groups: imprints and molds. The first may be produced in any soft, ... PLASTICS. PLASTICS. Perhaps the most prevalent manufactured material in society today is plastics. About 200 billion pounds of ... Most plastics can be recycled. Even mixed plastic waste can be recycled into artificial lumber or particleboard. Plastic "wood ... After World War II (1939-1945), society entered the "Plastics Age.". What Are Plastics?. Plastics are inexpensive substances ...
PLASTIC TUBE that conducts electricity helps bridge gaps in damaged peripheral nerves. Sugars in the plastic stimulate new ... Another therapeutically promising plastic comes from Christine Schmidts lab at the University of Texas in Austin. She has ... Robinsons set is still right: Plastics hold great promise for the future--particularly in medicine. Indeed, some of the most ... Yet another recent power imparted to some plastics is the ability to kill pathogens on contact. These so-called antimicrobial ...
... and specifications applicable to materials and products in the field of plastics including processing (of products) by assembly ... Plastics pipes, fittings and valves for the transport of fluids. ISO. ISO/TC 138/SC 2. Plastics pipes and fittings for water ... Plastics pipes, fittings and valves for the transport of fluids. ISO. ISO/TC 138/SC 3. Plastics pipes and fittings for ... Plastics pipes and fittings for the supply of gaseous fuels. ISO. ISO/TC 138/SC 5. General properties of pipes, fittings and ...
Rulon is the trade name for a family of PTFE plastics produced by Saint-Gobain Performance Plastics. Rulon plastics are known ... Furon was purchased by Saint-Gobain Performance Plastics.[2] Properties and types[edit]. There are many different types of ... "Saint-Gobain Performance Plastics Corporation. 2005. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-10-11. Retrieved 2010-10-11.. ... "Saint-Gobain Performance Plastics Corporation. Archived from the original on 2010-10-11. Retrieved 2010-10-11.. ...
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Plastics and polymers are the fasting growing category of materials. A Styrofoam cup is a plastic or polymer for example. ... The category should be plastics and polymers. We have a category of metals under chemistry. ... Plastics and Polymers. The category should be plastics and polymers. We have a category of metals under chemistry. Plastics and ... How many plastic bags does Singapore recycle?. Asked By Wiki User What are the advantages and disadvantages of biodegradable ...
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for Extruded Plastics in US$ Million by End-Use: 2020 to 2027 Table 146: Rest of Asia-Pacific Extruded Plastics Market in US$ ... Plastics in US$ Million by End-Use: 2020 to 2027 Table 56: Japanese Extruded Plastics Market in US$ Million by End-Use: 2012- ... Plastics in US$ Million by End-Use: 2020 to 2027 Table 194: Iranian Extruded Plastics Market in US$ Million by End-Use: 2012- ... Extruded Plastics in US$ Million by End-Use: 2020 to 2027 Table 95: United Kingdom Extruded Plastics Market in US$ Million by ...
  • Johannesburg, 2 June 2020 - This World Environment Day, Greenpeace Africa will be screening The Story of Plastic, a new documentary directed and produced by Deia Schlosberg. (greenpeace.org)
  • 20 April 2020, Dakar Greenpeace Africa welcomes the implementation of Senegal's ban on plastic water sachets as a step in the right direction to tackle the plastic pollution crisis. (greenpeace.org)
  • The Extruded Plastics market in the U.S. is estimated at US$54.8 Billion in the year 2020. (globenewswire.com)
  • A 2020 study of microplastics in five different types of seafood found plastic in every sample the researchers tested, suggesting that microplastics do find their way into our food products. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • A team of researchers conducted two surveys of roughly 1,000 people each time, one in 2019 and one during the 2020 pandemic, on Canadian shoppers' attitudes toward single-use plastics. (treehugger.com)
  • The team found that the number of Canadians actively shopping for non-plastic-packaged goods remained essentially the same - 58% in 2019 and 60% in 2020. (treehugger.com)
  • However, considering their abundance in the environment and their specificity in attacking plastics, biodegradation of plastics by microorganisms and enzymes seems to be the most effective process. (mdpi.com)
  • In this review, microbial and enzymatic biodegradation of plastics and some factors that affect their biodegradability are discussed. (mdpi.com)
  • Second, the report wants to see support for the development of coherent testing and certification standards for biodegradation of plastics in the open environment. (chalmers.se)
  • So-called biodegradable plastics include starches that degrade upon exposure to sunlight (photodegradation), but a fine plastic residue remains, and the degradable additives preclude recycling of these products. (britannica.com)
  • Learn how scientists hope to create biotechnologies that will aid in recycling by studying the wax worm, the larvae of the wax moth, which can digest certain plastics. (britannica.com)
  • After finishing off your morning coffee , you stop by the trash and recycling bins to dispose of your plastic cup. (earth911.com)
  • Call and ask your local recycling coordinator if the local compost facility accepts compostable plastics specifically. (earth911.com)
  • Because compostable plastics aren't the same as traditional plastics, they shouldn't be thrown in with your general recycling. (earth911.com)
  • Another way to tell is to look for the plastic recycling symbol . (earth911.com)
  • Residents of Bournemouth will receive an opportunity to set a new world record during the upcoming Air Festival weekend (18-21 August), after the council signed up to a plastics recycling campaign to make the largest work of art made from recycled plastic packaging. (scoop.it)
  • http://www.recycle.by/en/production/oborudovanie_dlia_pererabotki_shin/ tire recycling tire recycling plant tire recycling equipment tire recycling machinery. (scoop.it)
  • Recycling 5 plastic bottles produces enough fibre for one t-shirt. (scoop.it)
  • The number with the arrows on the bottom of a plastic bottle is the resin identification (recycling) number, which indicates the type of plastic the item was made from. (medicinenet.com)
  • This city initiative promotes plastic recycling by offering free public transport in return for plastic waste. (springwise.com)
  • The Missouri Botanical Garden's Plastic Pot Recycling Program is the largest program of its kind, recycling both plastic pots and polystyrene cell packs and trays. (mobot.org)
  • For more information on the plastic pot recycling program or to purchase plastic timbers, contact Dr. Steven Cline at [email protected] or call him at (314) 577-9561. (mobot.org)
  • Recycling trailers will be positioned in the west parking lot of the Monsanto Center, 4500 Shaw Blvd. As before, we ask that everyone separate their garden plastic by the recycling symbol typically printed on the bottom of the container. (mobot.org)
  • The discovery also improves on current recycling methods that result in cheap, low-quality plastic products. (greencarcongress.com)
  • Neste, the world's leading provider of renewable diesel, renewable jet fuel, and an expert in delivering drop-in renewable chemical solutions, and REMONDIS, one of the world's largest privately owned recycling, service and water companies, have signed an agreement to collaborate in the development of chemical recycling of plastic waste. (greencarcongress.com)
  • Talbot Plastics also won the industrial and compounding/recycling categories at the design awards. (scoop.co.nz)
  • First is limiting the use of biodegradable plastics in the open environment to specific applications for which reduction, reuse, and recycling are not feasible. (chalmers.se)
  • Use of compostable and biodegradable plastics has grown significantly over the previous decade. (earth911.com)
  • Plastic pollution is a worldwide problem and biodegradable plastics can play a part to reduce the waste. (chalmers.se)
  • But there is a risk that the term biodegradable plastics can lead to confusion for policymakers and customers, since most biodegradable plastics are designed to degrade only in special industrial composting facilities. (chalmers.se)
  • A report has now been published that gives a scientific view on the use of biodegradable plastics in the open environment. (chalmers.se)
  • Biodegradable plastics can only help solving the growing plastic waste problem if it's handled the way it was designed. (chalmers.se)
  • Such full biodegradability is not always the case with conventional biodegradable plastics. (chalmers.se)
  • The effectiveness of biodegradable plastics is highly dependent on the environmental conditions. (chalmers.se)
  • Most biodegradable plastics today cannot just be left in an open environment for degradation. (chalmers.se)
  • As this report gives a rather broad perspective on the aspects of biodegradable plastics, I think it could be of general interest for many readers. (chalmers.se)
  • The specific purpose was, however, to give a scientific input to the European Commission as a support for a new framework on biodegradable plastics, says Antal Boldizar. (chalmers.se)
  • The most important message, I think, is that biodegradable plastics have a role to play in reducing the accumulating of plastics in the open environment - but only in some specific applications. (chalmers.se)
  • After seeing the amount of plastic straws on the beach (sometimes up to 50 between a few beach accesses! (greenpeace.org)
  • A drinks company has developed flavoured, edible straws to complement its drinks while cutting down on plastic waste. (springwise.com)
  • Startup is looking to replace single-use plastic straws with an edible version that also biodegrades rapidly. (springwise.com)
  • Bisphenol A (BPA) is a chemical used to produce epoxy resins and polycarbonate plastics, which are marked with the number 7. (medicinenet.com)
  • BPA is a chemical used to make polycarbonate plastic or items marked with the number 7 on the bottom. (care2.com)
  • Some plastic dishes, cups, reusable water bottles and baby bottles are made out of polycarbonate. (care2.com)
  • Heating foods in polycarbonate plastic increases the amount of BPA that leaches into food, Jacob says. (care2.com)
  • In 2019 there was 90% agreement for stronger plastic regulation, and 70% supported a ban on single-use plastics. (treehugger.com)
  • Avoid phthalates by avoiding plastic containers labeled with the numbers 3, 6 or 7 inside the recycle symbol. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Compostable plastics can be difficult to recycle. (earth911.com)
  • Made with oil plastics can be recycle d... they can be hard or soft . (everything2.com)
  • Talbot Plastics set up a system to recycle material rejected by the company and now processes around 100 tonnes of polymer a year that was previously destined for landfill and converts it to first grade product. (scoop.co.nz)
  • In other cases, including single-use packaging and plastic bags, it would likely be better to reduce the amount of plastic we use, to re-use it, recycle it, or, where we can, compost it in industrial plants, says Antal. (chalmers.se)
  • Interestingly, the American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS) reports a difference in the reasons teens give for having plastic surgery and the reasons adults do: Teens view plastic surgery as a way to fit in and look acceptable to friends and peers. (kidshealth.org)
  • The American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS) recently released the National Clearinghouse of Plastic Surgery Procedural Statistics. (prweb.com)
  • As President of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons it is important to provide the public with this information," says Gregory Evans, who performs all of these popular surgeries in his Orange County practice. (prweb.com)
  • In October 2012, Dr. Evans accepted the nomination for president of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons. (prweb.com)
  • We are demanding the corporates to phase out single-use plastics and give us alternative solutions. (greenpeace.org)
  • Many of our favourite restaurants are overrun with single-use plastics. (greenpeace.org)
  • A group from Plastic Ocean Project meet for a beach cleanup and to educate the local community on single-use plastics. (greenpeace.org)
  • Because reduction of single-use plastics seems like the most plausible solution, we help initiate a number of initiatives locally to help combat those types of plastics. (greenpeace.org)
  • We were also able to determine the biggest corporate polluters of Wrightsville Beach (namely Coca-Cola, Pepsi, and Anheuser-Busch) with mostly single-use plastics. (greenpeace.org)
  • Less than a year ago, one of the hottest topics in the environmental news sphere was single-use plastics. (treehugger.com)
  • At the same time, however, the perception of single-use plastics drastically changed. (treehugger.com)
  • The scientists at Bath and Tel Aviv are developing a new chemical catalyst to improve the process of making these plastics, making them stronger and more heat-resistant so they can be used for a wider range of objects such as engineering plastics for the automotive industry, microwavable trays and hot drinks cups. (bath.ac.uk)
  • Engineering Plastics and Plastic Composites in Automotive Applications focuses on some of the various types of plastics and plastic composites and their applications and advantages within passenger vehicles. (sae.org)
  • Our portfolio of engineering plastics are developed with the knowledge that technology and innovation go hand-in-hand. (dsm.com)
  • The first plants will produce engineering plastics and thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) to serve the increasing needs. (greencarcongress.com)
  • The EU adopted a European strategy for plastics in January 2018. (europa.eu)
  • Céline, a French luxury brand, unveiled a transparent plastic shopping bag during Paris Spring/Summer 2018 fashion week in January. (indiatimes.com)
  • Aiba, S. Biodegradability of Plastics. (mdpi.com)
  • The report Biodegradability of Plastics in the Open Environment , written by a Group of Chief Scientific Advisors based on scientific evidence reviewed by the Science Advice for Policy by European Academies, gives several policy recommendations. (chalmers.se)
  • This process is used to make plastic bottles. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Plastic Wine/Beer Bottles Description of the Product One of the five ideas we have chosen to expand upon is plastic wine/beer bottles. (ipl.org)
  • These plastic bottles would be a substitute to the widely popular glass wine/beer bottles that are used today. (ipl.org)
  • Plastic bottles are cheaper to produce and are more durable than their glass counterparts. (ipl.org)
  • Plastic bottles would be ideal at large public events, such as sporting events as they do not break as easily nor in the same way as glass bottles. (ipl.org)
  • I think that plastic water bottles should be banned because it's pricey and expensive to the economy and to the public, they are lethal to animals, and plastic water bottles are polluting our environment. (ipl.org)
  • That's the stuff found in all sorts of plastics , including those used to make some baby bottles. (washingtonpost.com)
  • Scientists at the University of Bath and Tel Aviv University are working on a new project to improve the properties of plastics made from plants so that they can be used in a wider variety of products, from bottles to clothes. (bath.ac.uk)
  • Glass and metal work well for baby bottles , but when it comes to plates, cups and mealtime travel gear, it is hard to resist the ease of shatterproof plastic. (forbes.com)
  • Researchers release a warning on plastics found in water bottles. (healthline.com)
  • Across the globe, people use more than a million plastic bottles each minute, mostly for drinking water, according to Ekoplaza's website. (washingtonpost.com)
  • Scottish startup is planning to release milk bottles made from an antimicrobial, biodegradable plastic alternative derived from crustacean shells. (springwise.com)
  • #3 PVC (polyvinyl chloride)-used in commercial plastic wraps and salad dressing bottles. (care2.com)
  • Using plastic water bottles? (care2.com)
  • Scientists at the University of Bath and Tel Aviv University are working on a new project to improve the properties of plastics made from plants. (bath.ac.uk)
  • I am primarily focusing on species that spend most of their time in estuaries since estuaries are often one of the marine habitats most heavily affected by plastic pollution. (greenpeace.org)
  • I first learned about the plastic pollution problem through my research. (greenpeace.org)
  • Keep reading to learn more about plastics in seafood, including the associated health risks and more about the dangers of ocean pollution. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Plastic pollution is a costly, destructive, and growing problem worldwide. (pewtrusts.org)
  • On June 10, a group of 16 leading organizations-representing businesses, NGOs, and civil society-highlighted the need for urgent global action to halt the rapid growth of plastic pollution and create a "circular economy," a closed-loop system in which resources are reused instead of becoming waste. (pewtrusts.org)
  • 7. An air permeable sheet like structure as claimed in claim 6 in which the plastics material is a thermoplastic material and is selected from the group consisting of polyethylene, polypropylene, polystyrene, acrylonitrylstyrene butadiene, polyethylene terephthalate, and polyvinyl chloride. (google.ca)
  • Types of plastic include polyethylene terephthalate (#1: PET, PETE), high-density polyethylene (#2: HDPE), polyvinyl chloride (#3: PVC, vinyl), low-density polyethylene (#4: LDPE), polypropylene (#5: PP), polystyrene (#6: PS), and an "other" category (#7), which may contain more than one resin or a resin not mentioned above. (medicinenet.com)
  • Intertek's polymers and plastics services can help you to improve and qualify materials and products and meet worldwide regulatory requirements. (intertek.com)
  • Across the polymers and plastics supply chain, a range of challenges are encountered in safety, quality, process, regulatory compliance, performance and lifecycle. (intertek.com)
  • With decades of experience in the polymers and plastics industries, our scientists have the knowledge to help you improve and qualify materials and products. (intertek.com)
  • Polymers and plastics are some of the most versatile materials in existence and are used in all aspects of our daily lives. (intertek.com)
  • Researchers are just starting to explore the mechanisms by which this might occur, but the plastics compounds seem to affect molecular switches involved in regulating the metabolism. (washingtonpost.com)
  • A team of researchers at Montreal's McGill University is testing a safer ingredient for plastics with the hope of replacing a component that biodegrades into a toxic by-product. (cbc.ca)
  • The researchers bought more than 450 plastic items from stores including Walmart and Whole Foods. (npr.org)
  • Researchers do not yet fully know the effects of consuming plastic-contaminated seafood on human health. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Contrary to the commonly held belief that plastic takes 500 to 1,000 years to decompose, researchers now report that some types of plastic begin to break down in the ocean within one year, releasing potentially toxic bisphenol A (BPA) and other chemicals into the water. (wired.com)
  • The Japanese researchers devised a method to simulate the breakdown of a hard plastic called polystyrene at 30 degrees Celsius (86 degrees Fahrenheit) in the lab, and they compared the chemical byproducts from their experiment with what they found in water and sand from the Pacific Ocean. (wired.com)
  • Researchers are using a new filter made from jellyfish mucus to reduce plastic waste found in seawater. (springwise.com)
  • Publishing their findings in the journal Science , researchers from the UK, Germany and France have shown how deep currents act as 'conveyor belts', transporting tiny plastic fragments and fibres across the sea floor. (soci.org)
  • Researchers assert that the floating plastic, which has caught the attention of the public, accounts for less than 1% of the plastic that enters the world's oceans. (soci.org)
  • Researchers have developed a new catalytic method for upcycling abundant, seemingly low-value plastics (polyethylene) into high-quality liquid products, such as motor oils, lubricants, detergents and even cosmetics. (greencarcongress.com)
  • In fact, at the current rate, the annual amount of plastic waste entering Earth's ecosystems could almost triple by 2040, according to a study co-authored by researchers at The Pew Charitable Trusts and published in the peer-reviewed journal Science. (pewtrusts.org)
  • Plastic containers and other household products are increasingly recycled, and, like paper, these must be sorted at the source before processing. (britannica.com)
  • The phthalates are meant to strengthen plastic wraps and processed food containers, among other household items. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • The plant produced millions of pounds of plastics daily for use in toys and containers. (history.com)
  • Plastics are in most everything, from the jars, cups and containers that hold our foods and beverages to the construction materials that make up our houses. (medicinenet.com)
  • Other plastic containers-like those made with polyvinyl chloride or PVC and marked with the number 3 concern scientists for health and environmental reasons. (care2.com)
  • Sistema Plastics is a New Zealand company which manufactured food storage containers, based in Auckland and currently owned by Newell Brands. (wikipedia.org)
  • The company is focused on BPA-free plastic kitchen storage containers under the brand names KLIP IT and Klipo. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the twentieth century, the term plastic has come to refer to a class of materials that, under suitable conditions, can be deformed by some kind of shaping or molding process to produce an end product that retains its shape. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Most plastics are based on carbon, being derived from materials that have some relationship to living, or organic, materials, although, although some plastics, like acetal resins and silicones, contain oxygen or silicon atoms in their chains. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The oldest known examples of plastic materials are soft waxes, asphalts, and moist clays. (encyclopedia.com)
  • These materials are capable of flowing like synthetic plastics, but because they are not polymeric, they are usually not referred to as plastics. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Plastic materials consist of many repeating groups of atoms or molecules (called monomers) in long chains, and hence are also known as polymers or macromolecules. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Standardization of nomenclature, methods of test, and specifications applicable to materials and products in the field of plastics including processing (of products) by assembly in particular, but not limited to, polymeric adhesives, sealing, joining, welding. (iso.org)
  • Plastics and polymers are the fasting growing category of materials. (answers.com)
  • Many animals see plastic bags and other plastic materials that were thrown out instead of recycled and assume it is food. (ipl.org)
  • Polymer and plastic testing services include physical, thermal, rheological, optical, aging, barrier, surface, flammability and mechanical properties which identify the characteristics of your raw materials or polymer and whether they meet specification. (intertek.com)
  • Manufacturers typically make compostable plastics from renewable materials, like these Repurpose brand cups, which are corn-based. (earth911.com)
  • Third-party certification of your plastic materials performance, especially as it relates to flammability and long-term exposure to outside influences. (ul.com)
  • Our testing program does just that by evaluating and analyzing the standards and properties of your plastic materials. (ul.com)
  • There are two preselection test programs conducted on plastic materials to measure flammability characteristics. (ul.com)
  • The program is described in UL 94, the Standard for Tests for Flammability of Plastic Materials for Parts in Devices and Appliances , which is now harmonized with IEC 60707, 60695-11-10 and 60695-11-20 and ISO 9772 and 9773. (ul.com)
  • Before the 1970s, plastics were considered primarily as non-engineering materials and were used in applications such as belts, hoses, gaskets, carpet backing, sealing, adhesives, tires, and so forth as a part of an engineering solution. (sae.org)
  • More recently, plastics have replaced traditional materials and emerged as a significant "engineering application" within the automotive industry. (sae.org)
  • Because plastics are unique materials with a broad range of proper- ties they are adaptable to a variety of uses. (springer.com)
  • The uniqueness of plastics stems from their physical characteristics which are as different from metals, glasses, and ceramics as these materials are different from each other. (springer.com)
  • This reminds me of something materials scientist Deb Chachra told me once: that as petroleum gets harder and harder for us to find economically, we might start to worry less about peak gasoline than we do about peak plastic. (kottke.org)
  • In 2007 and 2008, materials were separated by the type of plastic so that it could be more easily marketed and recycled into other products. (mobot.org)
  • For more than 20 years, DSM has worked to develop a range of materials for automotive applications that perform more reliably and longer than metals and most plastics, while also delivering commercial, environmental and design benefits. (dsm.com)
  • Creating sustainable alternatives for fossil fuels is creating the need for advanced plastic materials that perform in a wide variety of conditions. (dsm.com)
  • Intertek Pittsfield is a well qualified, NADCAP-accredited, one-stop resource for testing and inspection for plastic, polymeric and composite materials. (intertek.com)
  • What are the forecast prices for key plastics/polymer raw materials in the next 12 months? (icis.com)
  • This book is aimed at designers who have had limited or no experience with plastics materials as well as a more experienced designer who is designing a part for a use, process or an application that they are not familiar with. (wiley.com)
  • The reader is provided with an introduction to plastics as a design material and a discussion of materials commonly in use today. (wiley.com)
  • With the inclusion of additives, plastics can be used in a variety of areas competing directly with other materials, but there are still many challenges to overcome. (springer.com)
  • The six studies look at everything from the concentration of plastics in the ocean, to the similarities in the way humans and rodents respond to phthalates. (popsci.com)
  • Phthalates, used to soften PVC plastic are restricted in some states. (popsci.com)
  • NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - Chemicals called phthalates, found in plastics and cosmetics, may be linked to a raised risk of babies being born early, suggests a new study. (reuters.com)
  • Phthalates are included in products for a variety of reasons, include to make plastic flexible. (reuters.com)
  • PVC contains phthalates, softeners need to make the plastic bend and they have been found to interfere with hormonal development. (care2.com)
  • Your chance to network with thought leaders and tackle innovations in end-market opportunities that expand the horizons for recycled and sustainability in manufactured plastics. (plasticsindustry.org)
  • Anne R. Kapuscinski, professor of sustainability science at Dartmouth College, said the amount of plastics people use across the globe is "terribly harmful" to the planet. (washingtonpost.com)
  • PVC (polyvinyl chloride) plastic can be manufactured in a variety of forms and used to make hundreds of different products. (washingtonpost.com)
  • Among the first plastics developed that could be reformed under heat (thermoplastics) were polyvinyl chloride , polystyrene, and nylon 66. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Civil engineering professor Jim Nicell, chemical engineering professor David Cooperand colleagues are hoping to develop an environmentally friendly plasticizer, the ingredient that makes plastics soft and flexible, to be added to polyvinyl chloride (PVC). (cbc.ca)
  • SME's Plastics, Composites & Coatings Community is home to engineers and manufacturing professionals involved in the manufacturing processes of plastics, composites and coatings technology. (sme.org)
  • Engage in the exchange of plastics, composites and coatings knowledge. (sme.org)
  • The Intertek plastics and composites testing laboratory provides fast turnaround on plastic and composite sample testing and reporting, using state-of-the-art composite, plastics and polymers testing instrumentation. (intertek.com)
  • The EU's plastics strategy aims to transform the way plastic products are designed, produced, used and recycled in the EU. (europa.eu)
  • There are 17 operating units on the plant producing a variety of petroleum and plastic products. (wikipedia.org)
  • Once glass , plastics, paper products, and metals have been removed from domestic refuse, what remains is essentially organic waste. (britannica.com)
  • Finally, the polymer resins are processed into final plastic products. (howstuffworks.com)
  • A globally recognized program that provides third-party certification about the quality, safety and performance of your plastic products. (ul.com)
  • Will Silicone Replace BPA-Free Plastics For Kids' Products? (forbes.com)
  • Plastic products need to be tested to ensure that they meet a very specific set of regulatory safety and quality standards. (ul.com)
  • The compounds are not bound to the polymer in the plastics, so they are able to leach from PVC products, for example, Nicell said,dissolving plasticizer componentscause the new car smell. (cbc.ca)
  • But a new study finds that most plastic products, from sippy cups to food wraps, can release chemicals that act like estrogen - even plastics sold as BPA-free. (npr.org)
  • But a new study says that even if they don't contain BPA, most plastic products release estrogenic chemicals. (npr.org)
  • The study found these chemicals even in products that didn't contain BPA, a compound in certain plastics that's been widely criticized because it mimics estrogen. (npr.org)
  • Many plastic products are now marketed as BPA-free, and manufacturers have begun substituting other chemicals whose effects aren't as well known. (npr.org)
  • It simply asks whether common plastic products release estrogen-like chemicals other than BPA. (npr.org)
  • Plastics have become increasingly important in the products used in our society, ranging from housing to packaging, transportation, business machines and especially in medicine and health products. (springer.com)
  • For example, cosmetic companies first began using tiny pieces of plastic in beauty products about 5 decades ago . (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • These small pieces of plastic are common in some exfoliating products and toothpastes because they are a cheaper alternative to nonplastic ingredients. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Other experts are encouraging more study on the chemicals from plastics in household products. (healthline.com)
  • A number of industrial and consumer products made of plastic contain endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs), which can negatively impact human health. (healthline.com)
  • So many of our plastic products that come in contact with food and beverages are made with endocrine-disrupting chemicals that leech into the environment and end up in our bodies in measurable quantities," Nancy Wayne, PhD, a professor of physiology and reproductive endocrinologist at the David Geffen School of Medicine at the University of California at Los Angeles, told Healthline. (healthline.com)
  • EDCs are used in the manufacturing of many plastics and other products. (healthline.com)
  • According to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, those chemicals are used to make products - such as plastic pipes, shower curtains and food packaging - soft and flexible. (reuters.com)
  • The group has developed a plastic-free mark so shoppers can quickly identify products that have no plastic. (washingtonpost.com)
  • The laboratory services a wide range of industries using plastics and polymers, including consumer, electronics, aerospace, automotive, building products and many other clients. (intertek.com)
  • In section 2 of the book the author will discuss elements of design of a number of generic plastic product types based on his 40+ years of experience of product design and development for a several companies with a variety of products. (wiley.com)
  • The biennial awards are organised by Plastics New Zealand to showcase innovation in the plastics industry and promote excellence in the creation, design, production, manufacture and marketing of plastic products. (scoop.co.nz)
  • That's when you see the words "compostable plastic" printed on the side of the cup. (earth911.com)
  • Compostable plastics are designed to biodegrade into soil conditioning material, also known as compost. (earth911.com)
  • The best way to dispose of compostable plastics is to send them to an industrial or commercial composting facility where they'll break down with the right mixture of heat, microbes, and time. (earth911.com)
  • What Exactly Is Compostable Plastic? (earth911.com)
  • Compostable plastics are typically made from some type of renewable raw material. (earth911.com)
  • Regardless of what compostable plastic is made from, it's transformed into a polymer that looks and feels like traditional plastic. (earth911.com)
  • How Do I Dispose of Compostable Plastic? (earth911.com)
  • If your city or county runs a composting program, they may accept compostable plastics, but don't assume they accept them. (earth911.com)
  • In many instances, composting facilities will filter out any trash, including compostable plastics because of a lack of sorting sophistication. (earth911.com)
  • Outside of looking closely at the label, there's no easy way to separate compostable plastics from regular plastics that someone mistakenly dumped in their compost bin, so facilities will just pull out everything that looks like trash and send it to the landfill or burn it. (earth911.com)
  • As systems improve, compostable plastics can complete their lifecycle as compost. (earth911.com)
  • Below are some of the most common questions we receive about compostable plastics. (earth911.com)
  • Can I Put Compostable Plastics in a Backyard Compost Bin? (earth911.com)
  • How Can I Tell if a Plastic Is Compostable? (earth911.com)
  • In many cases, the manufacturer will make it quite apparent that the material is made of compostable plastic, but there are two "official" ways to distinguish a compostable plastic from a regular plastic. (earth911.com)
  • Compostable plastics fall into the catch-all category marked by the number 7. (earth911.com)
  • However, a compostable plastic will also have the letters PLA underneath the symbol. (earth911.com)
  • A compostable to-go drink container uses a three-step origami process to replace the need for plastic lids. (springwise.com)
  • Representative Erik Paulsen (R-MN-3) visited PLASTICS member Steinwall Inc., a custom thermoplastic injection molder, in Coon Rapids, Minnesota. (plasticsindustry.org)
  • 6. An air permeable sheet like structure as claimed in claim 1 in which the plastics material is selected from the group consisting of a thermoplastic and a thermosetting plastic. (google.ca)
  • 15. An air permeable sheet like structure as claimed in claim 5, in which the plastics material comprises a mixture of thermoplastic and thermosetting plastic. (google.ca)
  • Coffee shops choose to not offer either single-use plastic stirs or creamers, avoid polystyrene and choose reusable plastics, and offer rewards for customers that bring their reusable mug or cup. (greenpeace.org)
  • Based on the speed of plastic decomposition and the amount of drift plastic found along the coasts of Japan, the scientists concluded that noxious chemicals in the water are probably coming from the breakdown of polystyrene, which is used to make Styrofoam. (wired.com)
  • Plastic poses the biggest threat to marine animals that confuse garbage with dinner and end up digesting large quantities of polystyrene. (wired.com)
  • ICIS Supply and Demand data enables you to gain a mid- to long-term view of the polyolefins and plastics resins markets. (icis.com)
  • They revealed findings on March 28 that certain plastics can dramatically boost the effectiveness antibacterial drugs for ovarian cancer. (scientificamerican.com)
  • Discover the innovatiions our industry has driven at the biggest U.S. plastics event. (plasticsindustry.org)
  • The plastics industry runs the risk of ruining its business. (washingtonpost.com)
  • We work closely with plastic industry stakeholders to maintain and enhance existing UL Standards, establish new Standards, and develop certification and testing programs that address emerging technologies and product applications. (ul.com)
  • Already this year, the Recording Industry Association of America has delayed choosing one alternative to the longbox, citing a number of plastic alternatives being introduced. (courant.com)
  • Global Plastics Market Analysis, Size, Industry. (scoop.it)
  • In the horticultural industry alone, about 350 million pounds of plastic is produced each year. (mobot.org)
  • We thank all those individuals who participated by bringing in their garden plastic over the six month period from May through October as well as the garden centers, growers and green industry who came with truckloads on Wednesday mornings throughout the summer. (mobot.org)
  • Since 2010, North Carolina's plastics and chemicals industries are growing 50% more than the national average-culminating in 75,000+ industry jobs, or the fifth-largest industry workforce in the U.S. (nccommerce.com)
  • The Polymer Processing Research Centre (PPRC) at Queen's University Belfast is at the forefront of developments in addressing the challenges of plastics waste and in particular in helping industry to find solutions. (qub.ac.uk)
  • And speaking of plastics, one of the industry's oldest and largest trade associations, the Plastics Industry Trade Association (SPI), is starting to nudge its members to consider launching zero-waste programs . (triplepundit.com)
  • To that end, SPI tweaked its mission statement and now claims that zero waste is integral to the long-term success of the plastics industry. (triplepundit.com)
  • The 2004 Plastics Industry Design Awards top award winner is Talbot Plastics Ltd, for a product that epitomises the Kiwi 'can-do' attitude. (scoop.co.nz)
  • Plastics New Zealand Chief Executive, Robin Martin, said this year's design awards showcased the highly creative side of the plastics industry and its emergence as a leading innovative sector of the economy. (scoop.co.nz)
  • Plastics New Zealand is a national industry group representing more than 180 members companies. (scoop.co.nz)
  • Plastics New Zealand's membership covers more than 75 per cent of the New Zealand industry, which has a turnover of $2 billion per year and employs more than 8000 people. (scoop.co.nz)
  • In an effort to reduce the amount of plastic waste entering marine waters, Pew will work with governments, industry, scientists, and other nongovernmental organizations (or civil society) to better understand this global problem and offer solutions. (pewtrusts.org)
  • This research reiterates that plastics are all over us-filling the Pacific Ocean, and lingering in the blood of ordinary people, and remind that the door has not been closed on assessing and revealing the potential dangers of these compounds, which have become so ubiquitous on this earth. (popsci.com)
  • A polyethylene reactor at the Phillips 66 Chemical Complex in Pasadena created chemical compounds necessary for the production of plastics. (history.com)
  • To tackle the rising use of single-use coffee cups and plastic lids, we created the Green Bean initiative , which encourages local coffee shops to become more ocean friendly. (greenpeace.org)
  • They care about selling more [plastic] resin. (courant.com)
  • The study was spearheaded by the Environmental Working Group (EWG) and targeted the chemical bisphenol A (BPA), a plastic and resin ingredient used to line metal food and drink cans. (ewg.org)
  • We have been testing plastics since 1941 and are proud to serve many of the world's top plastics manufacturers. (ul.com)
  • Microplastics' is a category that scientists use for any plastics smaller than your thumbnail. (greenpeace.org)
  • Chemicals supposed to be safe replacements for harmful chemicals in plastics are linked to hypertension and insulin resistance, a precursor to diabetes, find scientists from NYU Langone Medical Center in New York City. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Although plastic has long been considered indestructible, some scientists say toxic chemicals from decomposing plastics may be leaching into the sea and harming marine ecosystems. (wired.com)
  • I am a total newbie to plastic surgery. (reddit.com)
  • Possible to attain via plastic surgery? (reddit.com)
  • When you hear of plastic surgery, what do you think of? (kidshealth.org)
  • Those are common images of plastic surgery, but what about the 4-year-old boy who has his chin rebuilt after a dog bit him? (kidshealth.org)
  • What Is Plastic Surgery? (kidshealth.org)
  • Just because the name includes the word "plastic" doesn't mean patients who have this surgery end up with a face full of fake stuff. (kidshealth.org)
  • Plastic surgery is a special type of surgery that can change a person's appearance and ability to function. (kidshealth.org)
  • Why Do Teens Get Plastic Surgery? (kidshealth.org)
  • Adults, on the other hand, frequently see plastic surgery as a way to stand out from the crowd. (kidshealth.org)
  • Some people turn to plastic surgery to correct a physical defect or to alter a part of the body that makes them feel uncomfortable. (kidshealth.org)
  • Is Plastic Surgery the Right Choice? (kidshealth.org)
  • Most board-certified plastic surgeons spend a lot of time interviewing teens who want plastic surgery to decide if they are good candidates for the surgery. (kidshealth.org)
  • Many plastic surgery procedures are just that - surgery. (kidshealth.org)
  • Plastic surgery has becoming a phenomena for people around the world especially woman in today's world in order to enhance their beauty so that they can be more accepted by society. (ipl.org)
  • Plastic surgery may have a bad reputation from media and the television series "Botched," which focuses on cosmetic procedures gone wrong. (ipl.org)
  • The media portrays plastic surgery as a way for the wealthy to become more beautiful, thinner, or younger looking. (ipl.org)
  • However, there is another side to plastic surgery that could be considered the "good" side. (ipl.org)
  • Those are the words that are spewed across the Korean plastic surgery program Let Me In, which has seen mass popularity for three airing-seasons. (ipl.org)
  • Nowadays, media has seen rises in such variety shows that promote plastic surgery usage to attain beauty, amongst those are The Swan and Botched. (ipl.org)
  • The amount of male plastic surgery approaches has increased around 60 percent since 2000. (google.com)
  • The outcome and advantages of discount mammoplasty are rated one of the greatest within plastic-surgery patient gratification. (google.com)
  • What's the key to getting a great outcome in plastic surgery? (prweb.com)
  • Dr. Evans works within a group of distinguished plastic surgeons practicing in The Aesthetic & Plastic Surgery Institute, a part of the University of California Irvine (UCI) Medical Center. (prweb.com)
  • Dr. Gregory Evans is Professor of Surgery and Biomedical Engineering, and Chief of the Aesthetic and Plastic Surgery Institute in Orange County, California. (prweb.com)
  • He is certified by the American Board of Plastic Surgery and is currently director of the American Board of Plastic Surgery. (prweb.com)
  • Rodeo Drive Plastic Surgery, continuing its aggressive moves to educate its patients and the public, has launched a Twitter Plastic Surgery Education Program. (prweb.com)
  • Rodeo Drive Plastic Surgery is the first and only plastic surgery center on eponymous boulevard. (prweb.com)
  • These other media include traditional web sites, procedure specific web sites focused on single procedures such as tummy tuck, liposuction, breast augmentation, breast reduction, rhinoplasty, plastic surgery for men, ethnic plastic surgery, a general education site and a Spanish language web site. (prweb.com)
  • If people are interested in general information about plastic surgery, we offer a detailed and comprehensive web site. (prweb.com)
  • This is a less formal way of giving people information, as well as a feeling for what plastic surgery and our center are all about. (prweb.com)
  • He performed his residencies in general surgery and plastic surgery at UCLA Medical Center and is on staff at Cedars Sinai and Northridge Hospital medical centers. (prweb.com)
  • About Rodeo Drive Plastic Surgery: Nestled next to Chanel, Dior and Tiffany & Co., Rodeo Drive Plastic Surgery is the only plastic surgery center on Rodeo Drive. (prweb.com)
  • Rodeo Drive Plastic Surgery's on-site surgery center is accredited by AAAHC and Medicare and the full-sized operating rooms and recovery suites are equipped with the latest equipment and fully staffed at all times to provide the best patient care possible. (prweb.com)
  • Rodeo Drive Plastic Surgery and its medical director Dr. Lloyd Krieger have been featured in the local, national, and international media. (prweb.com)
  • In many cases, even some industrial or commercial compost facilities don't stay hot for a long enough period of time to fully degrade the plastic. (earth911.com)
  • If the necessary microorganisms and other circumstances such as the right temperature is missing, then the plastic will not degrade in a reasonable time period. (chalmers.se)
  • If it's your conscience that's stopping you from carrying plastic, here's how a Refinery29 article rationalises it: "Perhaps the [luxury] labels are pricing these bags as such to remind consumers that plastic bags are not disposable, and we should not handle them wastefully. (indiatimes.com)
  • The war against plastics has found a new target - disposable toothbrushes. (springwise.com)
  • A new refillable deodorant uses 50 percent less plastic than a regular disposable deodorant. (springwise.com)
  • Plastics are thought of as disposable , because of their ease of use and application. (everything2.com)
  • On Wednesday, January 8, large grocery stores in Los Angeles will stop providing disposable plastic bags to customers. (webpronews.com)
  • If smaller prey items ingest microplastics, these plastics can quickly find their way up the food chain and perhaps end up on our dinner plates! (greenpeace.org)
  • Small pieces of plastic called microplastics can travel through wastewater into the ocean, where animals may consume them. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Microplastics are tiny pieces of plastic less than 5 millimeters long. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Larger pieces of plastic can become microplastics as they break down over time and move around the ocean. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Plastics, and especially microplastics, can travel up the food chain. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Almost everybody has heard of the infamous ocean 'garbage patches' of floating plastic, but we were shocked at the high concentrations of microplastics we found on the deep-seafloor,' said lead author of the study Dr Ian Kane from The University of Manchester. (soci.org)
  • In the laboratory the microplastics were separated from sediment, counted under the microscope and further analysed using infra-red spectroscopy to determine the plastic types. (soci.org)
  • Plastics account for almost 10 percent by weight of the content of municipal garbage. (britannica.com)
  • A Bag's Life is a public educational campaign that unites non-profits, community and government organizations around the common goal of promoting the three R's as they relate to plastic bags and common films and wraps used in our everyday lives. (plasticsindustry.org)
  • All food plastic wraps used to be made with PVC, but many large name brands have quit using PVC. (care2.com)
  • As of 2017, factories had produced a cumulative 8.3 billion metric tons of new plastic, and only 9 percent of that amount has ever been recycled. (pewtrusts.org)
  • In the Eco-Pak, a recyclable plastic tray holding the disc slides from the middle of a longbox-shaped paperboard package to the bottom, allowing the package to fold in half, into a jewel-box. (courant.com)
  • We are a leading global provider for the production of test specimens, and testing and certification services for innovative plastics. (ul.com)
  • An international researcher team say that they have found the 'highest levels of micro plastics ever recorded on the sea floor, with up to 1.9 million pieces in a thin layer covering just one square meter. (soci.org)
  • This information allowed the team to determine how ocean currents control the distributions of micro-plastics on the seafloor. (soci.org)
  • Rulon is the trade name for a family of PTFE plastics produced by Saint-Gobain Performance Plastics. (wikipedia.org)
  • Furon was purchased by Saint-Gobain Performance Plastics. (wikipedia.org)
  • Saint-Gobain Performance Plastics Corporation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Our innovative high performance plastics are developed to meet a wide variety of technological challenges. (dsm.com)
  • Browse through our portfolio of high performance plastics solutions for power distribution. (dsm.com)
  • These so-called antimicrobial plastics are made by mixing polymers with special, time-released disinfectants. (scientificamerican.com)
  • When used in a chemical sense, the term plastic usually refers to a synthetic high molecular weight chain molecule, or polymer, that may have been combined with other ingredients to modify its physical properties. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Plastic is a broad name given to different polymers with high molecular weight, which can be degraded by various processes. (mdpi.com)
  • Poly(lactic acid) or PLA is a type of biodegradable plastic that can be made from renewable plant sources such as corn, wheat or sugar. (bath.ac.uk)
  • Professor Moshe Kol from Tel Aviv University said: "New catalysts are the key to providing renewable and degradable plastics which will help make our society more sustainable and less reliant on oil. (bath.ac.uk)
  • Plastic may not be getting a good rap environmentally but in fashion, it's the new unexpected material. (indiatimes.com)
  • An environmentally friendly cleaning brand has opened a pop-up to challenge customers to rethink the value of plastic waste. (springwise.com)
  • Plastics New Zealand's mission is to maximise the growth and success of plastics-based technology in New Zealand in an economically, socially and environmentally responsible manner. (scoop.co.nz)
  • But regardless of whether its chemicals leach into the water, the sheer volume of plastic floating in the sea makes it a major polluter, Moore said. (wired.com)
  • For its part, the FDA agrees that substances used to make plastics can leach into food. (care2.com)
  • That's because food-wrap manufacturers don't tell us which plastic their wrap is made from, and I never know which ones are PVC. (washingtonpost.com)
  • Schmidt's remedy, presented on March 29, works as follows: She brigdes gaps in a damaged nerve with hollow tubes made from the plastic and sugar. (scientificamerican.com)
  • Man-made plastics like these are derived from oil. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Did you know that about 8.3 billion plastic particles are made each year and about 6.3 million just end up as plastic waste in landfills? (ipl.org)
  • Using the current technology, when the plastic is made with both types present they are jumbled together within the structure of the plastic. (bath.ac.uk)
  • While some of the packaging may look plastic, it's actually a biofilm made of trees and plants that will break down within 12 weeks in a home composter. (washingtonpost.com)
  • A multi-organisation effort has resulted in a boat made entirely from waste plastic that can help clear up still more plastic from rivers and waterways. (springwise.com)
  • Most computer parts are made of plastic . (everything2.com)
  • Due to the fact these cards are made of plastic . (everything2.com)
  • The so-called plastic solar cells can be made much bigger and are also more flexible, making them more versatile. (theregister.co.uk)
  • Plastic is absolutely everywhere-our food is packaged in it, our clothes are often made out of it, and even baby toys are made of plastic," Haegele says. (care2.com)
  • Perhaps not surprisingly, COVID-19 made people feel less guilty about buying items wrapped in plastic. (treehugger.com)
  • News of possible health threats associated with plastic bothered Jeanne Haegele of Chicago so much that she has quit using plastic. (care2.com)
  • 2. An air permeable sheet like structure as claimed in claim 1 in which the particulate plastics material includes plastics material fibres. (google.ca)
  • Certain proteins that are in fact natural polymers once had commercial importance as industrial plastics, but they have played a diminishing role in the field of plastics production in recent years. (encyclopedia.com)
  • With about 70 million U.S. households engaged in some kind of gardening activity, the amount of plastics from that alone is considerable. (mobot.org)
  • It can withstand heating and freezing without leaching or off-gassing, hazardous chemicals - unlike plastics, which contaminate food in these environments. (forbes.com)
  • Several noxious plastic byproducts, including BPA and a substance called styrene trimer, have been detected in small quantities in the ocean, but Saido says this is the first time anyone has shown a direct connection between decomposing plastic and the hazardous chemicals. (wired.com)
  • Note 2: Jointing technology (including equipment and training) between plastic pipes (including all types of reinforced plastics), and/or fittings, valves and auxiliary equipment, and the assessment of the properties of the resulting joints are developed and maintained by ISO/TC 138. (iso.org)
  • We do not take other types of plastic, paper bags, plastic bags, cardboard or clay pots and ask that all of the soil be removed. (mobot.org)
  • The bottom line is that for parents who want to minimize chemical exposure for their children, plastic is not a great choice. (forbes.com)
  • Exposure to plastics may damage the neurons, increasing the risk of brain health issues such as dementia. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Exposure to plastics may also increase the risk of cancer. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • This may happen because of the direct effects of chronic plastic exposure or due to the other forms of damage that plastics can cause. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • We enable you to identify and mitigate the intrinsic risks in your polymer and plastics operations, supply chains and business processes. (intertek.com)
  • Specimens molded from the plastic material are oriented in either a horizontal or vertical position depending on the specifications of the relevant test method. (ul.com)
  • 8. An air permeable sheet like structure as claimed in claim 1 in which particles constituting the particulate plastics material are smaller than about 1.5 millimeters in size. (google.ca)
  • Now, concerns are being raised that micro-sized particles of plastic small enough to be ingested are leeching into bottled water. (healthline.com)