Materials incorporated mechanically in plastics (usually PVC) to increase flexibility, workability or distensibility; due to the non-chemical inclusion, plasticizers leach out from the plastic and are found in body fluids and the general environment.
An ester of phthalic acid. It appears as a light-colored, odorless liquid and is used as a plasticizer for many resins and elastomers.
A group of compounds that has the general structure of a dicarboxylic acid-substituted benzene ring. The ortho-isomer is used in dye manufacture. (Dorland, 28th ed)
The use of a treatment material (tissue conditioner) to re-establish tone and health to irritated oral soft tissue, usually applied to the edentulous alveolar ridge.
A polyvinyl resin used extensively in the manufacture of plastics, including medical devices, tubing, and other packaging. It is also used as a rubber substitute.
A plasticizer used in most plastics and found in water, air, soil, plants and animals. It may have some adverse effects with long-term exposure.
Isomeric forms and derivatives of hexanol (C6H11OH).
Material applied to the tissue side of a denture to provide a soft lining to the parts of a denture coming in contact with soft tissue. It cushions contact of the denture with the tissues.
Poly-2-methylpropenoic acids. Used in the manufacture of methacrylate resins and plastics in the form of pellets and granules, as absorbent for biological materials and as filters; also as biological membranes and as hydrogens. Synonyms: methylacrylate polymer; poly(methylacrylate); acrylic acid methyl ester polymer.
Chemistry dealing with the composition and preparation of agents having PHARMACOLOGIC ACTIONS or diagnostic use.
A medicated adhesive patch placed on the skin to deliver a specific dose of medication into the bloodstream.
Derivatives of adipic acid. Included under this heading are a broad variety of acid forms, salts, esters, and amides that contain a 1,6-carboxy terminated aliphatic structure.
A histamine H1 antagonist used as an antiemetic, antitussive, for dermatoses and pruritus, for hypersensitivity reactions, as a hypnotic, an antiparkinson, and as an ingredient in common cold preparations. It has some undesired antimuscarinic and sedative effects.
Exogenous agents, synthetic and naturally occurring, which are capable of disrupting the functions of the ENDOCRINE SYSTEM including the maintenance of HOMEOSTASIS and the regulation of developmental processes. Endocrine disruptors are compounds that can mimic HORMONES, or enhance or block the binding of hormones to their receptors, or otherwise lead to activating or inhibiting the endocrine signaling pathways and hormone metabolism.
The methyl esters of methacrylic acid that polymerize easily and are used as tissue cements, dental materials, and absorbent for biological substances.
The preparation, mixing, and assembling of a drug. (From Remington, The Science and Practice of Pharmacy, 19th ed, p1814)
Substances that cause the adherence of two surfaces. They include glues (properly collagen-derived adhesives), mucilages, sticky pastes, gums, resins, or latex.
Compounds which contain the methyl radical substituted with two benzene rings. Permitted are any substituents, but ring fusion to any of the benzene rings is not allowed.
Tablets coated with material that delays release of the medication until after they leave the stomach. (Dorland, 28th ed)
The placing of a body or a part thereof into a liquid.
Polymeric materials (usually organic) of large molecular weight which can be shaped by flow. Plastic usually refers to the final product with fillers, plasticizers, pigments, and stabilizers included (versus the resin, the homogeneous polymeric starting material). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The ability of a substance to be dissolved, i.e. to form a solution with another substance. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Substances or energies, for example heat or light, which when introduced into the air, water, or land threaten life or health of individuals or ECOSYSTEMS.
Substances made up of an aggregation of small particles, as that obtained by grinding or trituration of a solid drug. In pharmacy it is a form in which substances are administered. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
The sequential activation of serum COMPLEMENT PROTEINS to create the COMPLEMENT MEMBRANE ATTACK COMPLEX. Factors initiating complement activation include ANTIGEN-ANTIBODY COMPLEXES, microbial ANTIGENS, or cell surface POLYSACCHARIDES.
The series of changes to the shape, size, components, and functions of an individual organism that occur over time as the organism progresses from its initial form to full size and maturity.
The application of scientific knowledge or technology to pharmacy and the pharmaceutical industry. It includes methods, techniques, and instrumentation in the manufacture, preparation, compounding, dispensing, packaging, and storing of drugs and other preparations used in diagnostic and determinative procedures, and in the treatment of patients.
A huge subclass of mostly marine CRUSTACEA, containing over 14,000 species. The 10 orders comprise both planktonic and benthic organisms, and include both free-living and parasitic forms. Planktonic copepods form the principle link between PHYTOPLANKTON and the higher trophic levels of the marine food chains.
Compounds formed by the joining of smaller, usually repeating, units linked by covalent bonds. These compounds often form large macromolecules (e.g., BIOPOLYMERS; PLASTICS).
The testing of materials and devices, especially those used for PROSTHESES AND IMPLANTS; SUTURES; TISSUE ADHESIVES; etc., for hardness, strength, durability, safety, efficacy, and biocompatibility.
A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
Component of the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH. It conducts and supports basic and applied research to reduce the burden of human illness and dysfunction from environmental causes by, defining how environmental exposures, genetic susceptibility, and age interact to affect an individual's health. It was established in 1969.
The science of controlling or modifying those conditions, influences, or forces surrounding man which relate to promoting, establishing, and maintaining health.
The selection of one food over another.
A complex body of social, cultural, and religious beliefs and practices evolved in and largely confined to the Indian subcontinent and marked by a caste system, an outlook tending to view all forms and theories as aspects of one eternal being and truth, and the practice of the way of works, the way of knowledge, or the way of devotion as a means of release from the round of rebirths. (From Webster, 3d ed)
The group in which legal authority is vested for the control of health-related institutions and organizations.
The teaching ascribed to Gautama Buddha (ca. 483 B.C.) holding that suffering is inherent in life and that one can escape it into nirvana by mental and moral self-purification. (Webster, 3d ed)
A monotheistic religion promulgated by the Prophet Mohammed with Allah as the deity.
A colorless to white crystalline compound with a camphoraceous odor and taste. It is a widely used preservative in various pharmaceutical solutions, especially injectables. Also, it is an active ingredient in certain oral sedatives and topical anesthetics.
A triglyceride that is used as an antifungal agent.
Oil obtained from seeds of Ricinus communis that is used as a cathartic and as a plasticizer.
A mixture of liquid hydrocarbons obtained from petroleum. It is used as laxative, lubricant, ointment base, and emollient.
A group of compounds derived from ammonia by substituting organic radicals for the hydrogens. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)

Recent progress in safety evaluation studies on plasticizers and plastics and their controlled use in Japan. (1/178)

Recent experimental studies in Japan on the evaluation of potential health hazards from phthalate esters used in manufacturing poly (vinyl chloride) as well as several plastics for medical devices and for food containers and packages were introduced. Development of pulmonary granuloma formation after intravenous injection of diethylhexyl phthalate was assumed to be dependent on the particle size of the phthalate in vehicle used. Dietary administration of large amount of diethylhexyl phthalate and dibutyl phthalate produced renal cysts in mothers and in descendants in reproduction studies in mice. Cytotoxicity and mutagenicity of the phthalates and several plastics and resins were also examined by in vivo and in vitro studies. Hematological parameters examined in rabbits after repeated intravenous injection of diethylhexyl phthalate and after implantation of plastics in aorta for 3--6 months did not show any significant change. A slow decrease of radioactivity was observed in adipose tissue of rats following oral administration of 14C-labeled diethylhexyl phthalate. tthe administrative action on phthalates by the Japanese Ministry of Health and Welfare is briefly reviewed.  (+info)

Quantitative evaluation of alternative mechanisms of blood and testes disposition of di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate and mono(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate in rats. (2/178)

Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP), a commercially important plasticizer, induces testicular toxicity in laboratory animals at high doses. After oral exposure, most of the DEHP is rapidly metabolized in the gut to mono(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (MEHP), which is the active metabolite for induction of testicular toxicity. To quantify the testes dose of MEHP with various routes of exposure and dose levels, we developed a physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) model for DEHP and MEHP in rats. Tissue:blood partition coefficients for DEHP were estimated from the n-octanol: water partition coefficient, while partition coefficients for MEHP were determined experimentally using a vial equilibration technique. All other parameters were either found in the literature or estimated from blood or tissue levels following oral or intravenous exposure to DEHP or MEHP. A flow-limited model failed to adequately simulate the available data. Alternative plausible mechanisms were explored, including diffusion-limited membrane transport, enterohepatic circulation, and MEHP ionization (pH-trapping model). In the pH-trapping model, only nonionized MEHP is free to become partitioned into the tissues, where it is equilibrated and trapped as ionized MEHP until it is deionized and released. All three alternative models significantly improved predictions of DEHP and MEHP blood concentrations over the flow-limited model predictions. The pH-trapping model gave the best predictions with the largest value of the log likelihood function. Predicted MEHP blood and testes concentrations were compared to measured concentrations in juvenile rats to validate the pH-trapping model. Thus, MEHP ionization may be an important mechanism of MEHP blood and testes disposition in rats.  (+info)

Plasticizers increase adhesion of the deteriogenic fungus Aureobasidium pullulans to polyvinyl chloride. (3/178)

Initial adhesion of fungi to plasticized polyvinyl chloride (pPVC) may determine subsequent colonization and biodeterioration processes. The deteriogenic fungus Aureobasidium pullulans was used to investigate the physicochemical nature of adhesion to both unplasticized PVC (uPVC) and pPVC containing the plasticizers dioctyl phthalate (DOP) and dioctyl adipate (DOA). A quantitative adhesion assay using image analysis identified fundamental differences in the mechanism of adhesion of A. pullulans blastospores to these substrata. Adhesion to pPVC was greater than that to uPVC by a maximum of 280% after a 4-h incubation with 10(8) blastospores ml(-1). That plasticizers enhance adhesion to PVC was confirmed by incorporating a dispersion of both DOA and DOP into the blastospore suspension. Adhesion to uPVC was increased by up to 308% in the presence of the dispersed plasticizers. Hydrophobic interactions were found to dominate adhesion to uPVC because (i) a strong positive correlation was observed between substratum hydrophobicity (measured by using a dynamic contact angle analyzer) and adhesion to a range of unplasticized polymers including uPVC, and (ii) neither the pH nor the electrolyte concentration of the suspension buffer, both of which influence electrostatic interactions, affected adhesion to uPVC. In contrast, adhesion to pPVC is principally controlled by electrostatic interactions. Enhanced adhesion to pPVC occurred despite a relative reduction of 13 degrees in the water contact angle of pPVC compared to that of uPVC. Furthermore, adhesion to pPVC was strongly dependent on both the pH and electrolyte concentration of the suspension medium, reaching maximum levels at pH 8 and with an electrolyte concentration of 10 mM NaCl. Plasticization with DOP and DOA therefore increases adhesion of A. pullulans blastospores to pPVC through an interaction mediated by electrostatic forces.  (+info)

Retrospective evaluation of alpha 2u-globulin accumulation in male rat kidneys following high doses of diisononyl phthalate. (4/178)

Diisononyl phthalate (DINP), a widely used plasticizer, has been evaluated in two chronic studies in rats and one in mice. In the early 1980s, Exxon found no carcinogenic potential at the estimated maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of 0.6% (307 mg/kg/ day for male rats) administered in the diet of rats for 2 years. A recent study conducted at dietary levels up to 1.2% DINP (733 mg/kg/d for male rats) reported kidney tumors in male rats at the high treatment level, but not in female rats nor mice of either sex. Because these tumors occurred only in male rats, and only at high doses, the male rat-specific alpha 2u-globulin (alpha2UG) mechanism of action was investigated. Technological advances in immunohistochemical staining and computerized image analysis techniques permitted measuring the accumulation of alpha2UG in archived kidneys from the earlier Exxon study. Using archived tissue obtained at the 12-month interim sacrifice, we identified a dose-dependent accumulation of alpha2UG in specific regions of male rat kidneys only. An increase in cell proliferation was confirmed by immunohistochemical detection of proliferating-cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and was confined to the areas of alpha2UG accumulation. H and E-stained sections revealed tubular epithelial hypertrophy and regeneration, consistent with the immunohistopathology findings. These findings are consistent with the alpha2UG mechanism of tumorigenesis, which is not regarded as relevant for humans. Thus, exposure to DINP produced a dose-dependent alpha2UG accumulation in male rat kidneys, significant at a dietary level of 0.6% and a likely mechanism for the kidney tumors seen only in male rats administered higher dietary levels of DINP.  (+info)

Influence of plasticizer-free CAPD bags and tubings on serum, urine, and dialysate levels of phthalic acid esters in CAPD patients. (5/178)

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the impact of a plasticizer-free device on exposure to di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) and its major metabolites in patients on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). DEHP is the most commonly used plasticizer in polyvinyl chloride (PVC) products; it is added to CAPD bags in order to improve the flexibility of the material. Since DEHP leaches out of the plastic matrix, patients on CAPD are exposed to considerable amounts of DEHP and its metabolites. DESIGN: A prospective cross-over study. SETTING: Department of nephrology in a teaching hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Six patients (4 female, 2 male) stable on peritoneal dialysis (PD) for at least 6 months. INTERVENTIONS: Patients were switched from a plasticizer-containing PVC CAPD system (A.N.D.Y. Plus, Fresenius Medical Care, Bad Homburg, Germany) to a polyolefine-made plasticizer-free system (stay-safe, Fresenius). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Prior to and 42 days after the switch, 24-hour effluent dialysate and urine collections were performed and 10 mL blood was drawn. Concentrations of DEHP, mono-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (MEHP), phthalic acid (PA), and 2-ethylhexanol (2-EH) in urine, dialysate, and serum were determined using gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. RESULTS: Complete data were obtained from 5 patients. Serum levels of PA decreased significantly during the study period (0.137 +/- 0.078 mg/L vs 0.124 +/- 0.049 mg/L, p = 0.04), and the respective levels of DEHP decreased insignificantly (0.097 +/- 0.076 mg/L vs 0.069 +/- 0.046 mg/L, p = 0.07), whereas the concentrations of MEHP and 2-EH remained unchanged. Urine concentrations of PA were high (0.81 +/- 0.69 mg/L) but did not change substantially (0.70 +/- 0.50 mg/L). Effluent dialysate concentrations of MEHP and PA decreased significantly (0.0176 +/- 0.004 mg/L vs 0.0040 +/- 0.0007 mg/L, p = 0.043 and 0.158 +/- 0.056 mg/L vs 0.111 +/- 0.051 mg/L, p = 0.043, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Although PD patients seem to be exposed to other sources of phthalates in addition to dialysis, use of plasticizer-free devices may help to reduce potentially immunosuppressive exposure to phthalate esters.  (+info)

Identification of phthalate esters in the serum of young Puerto Rican girls with premature breast development. (6/178)

Premature breast development (thelarche) is the growth of mammary tissue in girls younger than 8 years of age without other manifestations of puberty. Puerto Rico has the highest known incidence of premature thelarche ever reported. In the last two decades since this serious public health anomaly has been observed, no explanation for this phenomenon has been found. Some organic pollutants, including pesticides and some plasticizers, can disrupt normal sexual development in wildlife, and many of these have been widely used in Puerto Rico. This investigation was designed to identify pollutants in the serum of Puerto Rican girls with premature thelarche. A method for blood serum analysis was optimized and validated using pesticides and phthalate esters as model compounds of endocrine-disrupting chemicals. Recovery was > 80% for all compounds. We performed final detection by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. We analyzed 41 serum samples from thelarche patients and 35 control samples. No pesticides or their metabolite residues were detected in the serum of the study or control subjects. Significantly high levels of phthalates [dimethyl, diethyl, dibutyl, and di-(2-ethylhexyl)] and its major metabolite mono-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate were identified in 28 (68%) samples from thelarche patients. Of the control samples analyzed, only one showed significant levels of di-isooctyl phthalate. The phthalates that we identified have been classified as endocrine disruptors. This study suggests a possible association between plasticizers with known estrogenic and antiandrogenic activity and the cause of premature breast development in a human female population.  (+info)

The plasticizer diethylhexyl phthalate induces malformations by decreasing fetal testosterone synthesis during sexual differentiation in the male rat. (7/178)

Phthalate esters (PE) such as DEHP are high production volume plasticizers used in vinyl floors, food wraps, cosmetics, medical products, and toys. In spite of their widespread and long-term use, most PE have not been adequately tested for transgenerational reproductive toxicity. This is cause for concern, because several recent investigations have shown that DEHP, BBP, DBP, and DINP disrupt reproductive tract development of the male rat in an antiandrogenic manner. The present study explored whether the antiandrogenic action of DEHP occurs by (1) inhibiting testosterone (T) production, or by (2) inhibiting androgen action by binding to the androgen receptor (AR). Maternal DEHP treatment at 750 mg/kg/day from gestational day (GD) 14 to postnatal day (PND) 3 caused a reduction in T production, and reduced testicular and whole-body T levels in fetal and neonatal male rats from GD 17 to PND 2. As a consequence, anogenital distance (AGD) on PND 2 was reduced by 36% in exposed male, but not female, offspring. By GD 20, DEHP treatment also reduced testis weight. Histopathological evaluations revealed that testes in the DEHP treatment group displayed enhanced 3ss-HSD staining and increased numbers of multifocal areas of Leydig cell hyperplasia as well as multinucleated gonocytes as compared to controls at GD 20 and PND 3. In contrast to the effects of DEHP on T levels in vivo, neither DEHP nor its metabolite MEHP displayed affinity for the human androgen receptor at concentrations up to 10 microM in vitro. These data indicate that DEHP disrupts male rat sexual differentiation by reducing T to female levels in the fetal male rat during a critical stage of reproductive tract differentiation.  (+info)

Application of sintered titanium alloys to metal denture bases: a study of titanium powder sheets for complete denture base. (8/178)

The purpose of this study was the fabrication of titanium powder sheets to enable the application of sintered titanium alloys as metal denture bases. The effects of titanium particle shape and size, binder content, and plasticizer content on the surface smoothness, tensile strength and elongation of titanium powder sheets was investigated. To select a suitable ratio of powdered metal contents for application as a metal denture base, the effects of aluminum content in Ti sheets and various other powder metal contents in Ti-Al sheets on the density, sintering shrinkage, and bending strength were evaluated. Based on the results of the above experiments, we developed a mixed powder sheet composed of 83Ti-7Al-10Cr with TA45 titanium powder (atomized, -45 microm), and 8 mass% binder content. This titanium alloy sheet had good formability and ductility. Its sintered titanium alloy had a density of 3.2 g/cm3, sintering shrinkage of 3.8%, and bending strength of 403 MPa. The titanium alloy sheet is clinically acceptable for fabricating denture bases.  (+info)

The worldwide Environmentally-friendly PVC Plasticizer Market report is an in-depth research on the current situation of the Environmentally-friendly PVC Plasticizer industry. The research study of Global Environmentally-friendly PVC Plasticizer Market 2017 offers a strategic assessment of Environmentally-friendly PVC Plasticizer market. The industry report focuses on the growth opportunities, which will help the Environmentally-friendly PVC Plasticizer industry to expand operations in the existing markets globally.. Firstly, Environmentally-friendly PVC Plasticizer Market report introduces a basic overview of the Environmentally-friendly PVC Plasticizer industry, which includes Environmentally-friendly PVC Plasticizer definitions, applications, classifications and Environmentally-friendly PVC Plasticizer industry chain structure. Worldwide Environmentally-friendly PVC Plasticizer market analysis is provided for the international market including Environmentally-friendly PVC Plasticizer industry ...
Bio Plasticizers Market:. Globally, the Market for Bio Plasticizers is growing at a CAGR of 10.02% during forecasted period (2016-2022). Bio Plasticizers is a molecule that improves the fluidity and plasticity of polymeric material namely, plastics, paint and adhesive. In order to achieve this, two different solutions are used, the internal plasticization and the external plasticization. Bio Plasticizers have found vast application in various industries including, packaging materials, medical devices, consumer goods, wires & cables, building & construction & others. Among the non-petroleum-based plasticizers, bio-based plasticizers are the most promising materials for flexible PVC due to its environmental and renewable characteristics, but also its low toxicity and public acceptance. Citrate-based plasticizers and epoxidized soybean oil (ESO) are the most commonly used bio-based plasticizers. Additionally, Recently EU has forbidden the di-octyl phthalate use in plastics used for the production ...
Olvex 51 Biobased Plasticizer for PVC has been developed by Brazils SGS Polímeros. Olvex 51 is a bio-based, renewable primary plasticizer produced from vegetable raw materials and renewables which is used as a substitute for petroleum-based plasticizers (DOA, DOP/DEHP, etc) replacing it in 100% and used in traditional PVC, PLA. It can replace conventional phthalate based plasticizers that have restrictions in many markets and products in the industrialization of nitrile rubber.. PolyOne, in conjunction with ADM, has commercialized a soy-based plasticizer that can directly replace butyl benzyl phthalate (BBP), which has issues concerning toxicity and price volatility. Based on the chemistry, PolyOnes biobased plasticizer is very compatible with PVC resin and has been applied to flooring and caulk and sealant products that can be used in sustainable building projects. The company is also in an agreement with Segetis, an innovative bio-based chemical company, to explore the development of ...
Diisononyl phthalate (DINP), di (2-ethyl) hexyl phthalate (DEHP), n-octyl phthalate (DNOO), isodecyl phthalate (DIDP) Butyl phthalate (BBP) and dibutyl phthalate (DBP) are collectively called phthalates (or salts), and are commonly used plasticizers for PVC products. Plasticizers are added to PVC to improve the softness, cold resistance, and light stability of PVC. The amount of plasticizer added for different uses of PVC products is different. For example, the weight ratio of phthalates in PVC for food packaging is about 28%, and flexible plastics for toys reach 35% to 40%. Studies have shown that phthalate-containing PVCs are easily released when exposed to grease or at high temperatures above 100 ° C. Due to different recognition of the hazards of phthalate ester-containing PVC, the scope and degree of recognition of its impact are different, so the use restrictions of phthalate ester-containing PVC in different countries are also different. Management regulations and requirements The ...
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Plasticizers (UK: plasticisers) or dispersants are additives that increase the plasticity or decrease the viscosity of a material. These are the substances which are added in order to alter their physical properties. These are either liquids with low volatility or may be even solids. They decrease the attraction between polymer chains to make them more flexible. Over the last 60 years more than 30,000 different substances have been evaluated for their plasticizing properties. Of these, only a small number - approximately 50 - are today in commercial use. The dominant applications are for plastics, especially polyvinyl chloride (PVC). The properties of other materials are also improved when blended with plasticizers including concrete, clays, and related products. According to 2014 data, the total global market for plasticizers was 8.4 million metric tonnes including 1.3 million metric tonnes in Europe. Plasticizers for plastics are additives, most commonly phthalate esters in PVC applications. ...
Abstract Due to their versatility, robustness, and low production costs, plastics are used in a wide variety of applications. Plasticizers are mixed with polymers to increase flexibility of plastics. However, plasticizers are not covalently bound to plastics, and thus leach from products into the environment. Several studies have reported that two common plasticizers, bisphenol A (BPA) and phthalates, induce adverse health effects in vertebrates; however few studies have addressed their toxicity to non-mammalian species. The aim of this review is to compare the effects of plasticizers in animals, with a focus on aquatic species. In summary, we identified three main chains of events that occur in animals exposed to BPA and phthalates. Firstly, plasticizers affect development by altering both the thyroid hormone and growth hormone axes. Secondly, these chemicals interfere with reproduction by decreasing cholesterol transport through the mitochondrial
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American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) memiliki metode pengukuran warna untuk cairan tidak berwarna, yang merupakan metode standar untuk menganalisa plasticizer. Skala yang digunakan untuk plasticizer berwarna terang adalah warna APHA, atau dikenal sebagai skala Hazen.. Tetapi untuk plasticizer berwarna gelap, yang tidak dapat dilihat dengan skalah APHA, metode ASTM harus digunakan. Metode tes ini menggunakan skala warna Gardner.. Atas berkembangnya teknologi seni akhir-akhir ini, analisa/pengukuran warna dapat dilakukan secara objektif menggunakan Konica Minolta CM-5 Spectrophotometer. CM-5 dapat melakukan evaluasi warna untuk plasticizer secara akurat, menggantikan metode tradisionil dan evaluasi visual secara subjektif.. Untuk mengetahui lebih lanjut mengenai pengukuran warna untuk plasticizer atau cairan lainnya, Anda dapat menghubungi kita di [email protected] ...
Plasticizer Databook contains data on selection of the most important plasticizers in use today. The selection includes 375 generic and commercial plasticizers. The generic plasticizers contain data for particular chemical compound from numerous sources and these generic plasticizer tables usually contain the most extensive information.
Plasticizer Databook contains data on selection of the most important plasticizers in use today. The selection includes 375 generic and commercial plasticizers. The generic plasticizers contain data for particular chemical compound from numerous sources and these generic plasticizer tables usually contain the most extensive information.
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Show more ,Phthalates, used in medical devices (MDs), have been identified as reproductive and developmental toxicants. Their toxicity varies somewhat depending on the specific phthalate and is in part linked to the activation of Peroxisome Proliferating-Activated Receptors (PPARs). So, the use of MDs containing targeted phthalates such as di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) has been challenged by European directive 2007/47/EC. Therefore, MDs manufacturers were forced to quickly find replacement plasticizers. However, very little toxicological and epidemiological studies are available on human health. So, we proceeded to dock these chemicals in order to identify compounds that are likely to interact with PPARs binding sites. The results obtained are generally very mixed on the harmlessness of these alternatives. Moreover, no data exist on the biological effects of their possible metabolites. As DEHP toxicity resulted mainly from its major metabolites, generalizing the use of these plasticizers ...
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The thermoplastic polymeric base materials for use herein furthermore can comprise from 5% to 90%, or from 10% to 85%, or from 15% to 70%, or preferably from 30% to 65% by weight of a suitable compatible plasticiser or a blend of suitable compatible plasticizers. Suitable plasticizers for use in the present invention generally can include any conventional plasticizers which decrease hardness and modulus, enhance pressure sensitive tack and reduce melt and solution viscosity h may be desirable that the plasticizer be water soluble or water dispersible or alternatively be a wax-like substance such as polyethylene or polypropylene glycol, glycerin, glycerol and its esters, butylene glycol or sorbitol. Other plasticizers suitable for use in the present invention may be esters of sucrose; phthalate plasticizers such as dioctyl phthalate and butyl benzyl phthalate (e. g., Santicizer 160 from Monsanto), benzoate plasticizers such as 1,4-cyclohexane dimethanol dibenzoate (e.g., Benzoflez 352 from ...
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Plasticizers are used to increase the plasticity and fluidity of the material, their main application is in polyvinyl chloride (PVC). Tecnosintesi is specialized in phthalate-free plasticizers, biodegradable plasticizer of low toxicity
The fatigue fracture surface micromorphology of poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) was studied as a function of molecular weight (M), plasticizer content, and residual orientation, with particular attention given to how these variables affect the formation of discontinuous growth bands (DGBs). Discontinuous growth bands, which form on a number of polymeric solids under cyclic loading, represent successive increments of crack extension through a craze zone. As expected, DGB width showed little change in size over the molecular weight range or specimen orientations examined and increased in size with increasing plasticizer content. On the other hand, the cyclic stability of these bands increased markedly with an increase in molecular weight, but to a lesser extent with additions of a plasticizer. The internal structure of the bands became more ragged with increasing M, whereas the addition of a plasticizer reestablished the crisp and well-defined micromorphology associated with DGBs in low-M polymers. ...
Polylactic acid (PLA) is becoming an increasingly important biopolymer for packaging applications. PLA brittleness limits its applicability. This study evaluated PLA properties with increasing amounts of added polyethylene glycol (PEG) plasticizer. Oxygen transmission rate (OTR) of cast films was determined using the newly available Dynamic Accumulation (DA) method. Arrhenius temperature sensitivity of OTR and polymer Permeability was also determined. Permeability of neat PLA is 4.848 ml mm (STP)/m2 s kPa; hence, 4.84 ml mm (STP)/m2 s kPa, 4.07 ml mm (STP)/m2 s kPa and 5.42 ml mm (STP)/m2 s kPa by adding PEG 1 %, 5% and 10% respectively. The main conclusion from this work is increasing PEG will enhance the PLA permeability number but excess PEG in PLA film will decrease the permeability number.
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The PVC membrane of an ion-selective electrode (ISE) sensitive to dibasic phosphate ions (HPO4-ISE) has not been optimized for maximum selectivity, sensitivity, and useable ISE lifetime and further work was necessary to improve its performance. Two areas of investigation are reported here: include the parameters for the lipophilicity of the plasticizer compound used and the amount of cyclic polyamine ionophore incorporated in the PVC membrane. Six candidate plasticizers with a range of lipophilicity were evaluated for their effect on the useable lifetime, sensitivity, and selectivity of the ISE against 13 different anions. Selectivity was determined by a modified fixed interferent method, sensitivity was determined without interferents, and the usable lifetime evaluated at the elapsed time where 50% of the HPO4-ISE failed (L50). The results show that choosing a plasticizer that has a lipophilicity similar to the ionophores results in the best selectivity and sensitivity and the longest L50.
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Global Plasticizers Market. Market Overview:The global Plasticizers market was valued at USD 16.26 billion in 2016 and is projected to reach USD 27.46 billion by 2025, growing at a CAGR of 6.00% from 2017 to 2025. Plasticizers are used in plastic manufacturing to improve the physical properties of final product. They are either low volatility liqui
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Given the widespread occurrence of phthalates in the aquatic environment, fish are also likely to be exposed to phthalates via the water column, food and/or via the sediments, depending on their ecological niche. In support of this, a study in wild fish in The Netherlands measured median concentrations of DEHP and DBP at 1.7 and 1.0 µg kg−1 (wet wt.), respectively, with 95th percentile values reaching up to 141 µg DEHP kg−1 and 26 µg DBP kg−1 (wet wt.) (Peijnenburg & Struijs 2006). Laboratory studies have further shown that phthalates bioconcentrate in fish. For example, the BCF for DEHP was 120 in the carp and for BBP, 9.4 in bluegill sunfish (Staples et al. 1997). The presence of phthalates in wild fish and their ability to concentrate in body tissues demonstrate their potential to induce adverse effects on the health of wild populations, but there has been little bearing on this expectation.. Very few studies have comprehensively addressed the biological effects of phthalates on ...
Detailed TOC and Charts & Tables of Europe Dioctyl Phthalate (DOP) Plasticizer market Research Report available at- https://www.absolutereports.com/10620228 The analysis in the Europe Dioctyl Phthalate (DOP) Plasticizer market report is of a two-fold perspective, production and sales. This commercial study encompasses detailed investigation of production, supply, sales, demand, price, cost, income and revenue on Europe Dioctyl Phthalate (DOP) Plasticizer market in Major Regions.. Market Segment by Regions, this Europe Dioctyl Phthalate (DOP) Plasticizer market report splits into several key Regions, with sales (consumption), revenue, market share and growth rate of Europe Dioctyl Phthalate (DOP) Plasticizer market like:. Germany. France. UK. Russia. Italy. Spain. Benelux. Price (Single User Licence): $3900. Several important topics included in the Europe Dioctyl Phthalate (DOP) Plasticizer market research report are as follows:. • Overview of Europe Dioctyl Phthalate (DOP) Plasticizer ...
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Introduction. Phthalates are among the most widely used industrial chemicals in existence. They are used principally as plasticizers, to impart flexibility, workability, and durability to polymers, but they can also be found in products such as adhesives, inks, and cosmetics, munitions, industrial and lubricating oil, as well as solvents in perfumes and paints and additives in hair-sprays and insect repellent (Shanker et al., 1985; Ling et al., 2007; Huang et al., 2008). To provide flexibility phthalate esters are not chemically bonded to resin and therefore are easily released (Yuan et al., 2008). The most commonly used phthalate plasticizers are di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate (DEHP) and di-n-butyl phthalate (DBP) with the others used only for selective applications (ATSDR, 2006).. There has been growing interest in the unusual ubiquity of phthalates in the environment (Fatoki and Vernon, 1990; Fatoki and Ogunfowokan, 1993a) and their wide range of toxicological characteristics (Blount et al., ...
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In this study, the film forming behaviour of low amylose (LA) and high amylose (HA) starches was studied. The starch-alone and a blend of plasticizer (polyol)-starch films were developed by gelatinising at various temperatures and casting at 25 °C. The starch-plasticizer films contained glycerol and xylitol either individually or in 1:1 combination. The concentration of plasticizer used was 15%, 20% and 30% for LA films while it was 20%, 30% and 40% for HA films on dry solid basis. The HA-glycerol films retained the highest moisture content among all the films. The HA films exhibited higher glass transition temperature, higher tensile strength, higher modulus of elasticity and lower elongation at break than those obtained from LA starch. The tensile strength and modulus of elasticity decreased and the elongation increased with increasing plasticizer concentrations above 15% on dry solid basis regardless the starch type. Low water vapour permeability was evident in LA and HA films plasticized by ...
Diethylhexyl phthalate (DEHP) is widely used as a plasticizer in consumer products and is known to disturb the development of the male reproductive system in rats. The mechanisms by which DEHP exerts these effects are not yet fully elucidated, though some of the effects are related to reduced fetal testosterone production. The present study investigated the effects of four different doses of DEHP on fetal testicular histopathology, testosterone production and expression of proteins and genes involved in steroid synthesis in fetal testes. Pregnant Wistar rats were gavaged from GD 7 to 21 with vehicle, 10, 30, 100 or 300 mg/kg bw/day of DEHP. In male fetuses examined at GD 21, testicular testosterone production ex vivo and testicular testosterone levels were reduced significantly at the highest dose. Histopathological effects on gonocytes were observed at 100 and 300 mg/kg bw/day, whereas Leydig cell effects were mainly seen at 300 mg/kg bw/day. Quantitative RT-PCR revealed reduced testicular mRNA ...
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The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of PMMA polymer on dynamic viscoelasticity and plasticizer leachability of PEMA-based tissue conditioners. One PEMA polymer and one PMMA polymer were used in powder form with four formulations. The combination of 80 wt% ATBC, 15 wt% BPBG and 5 wt% ethyl alcohol was used as the liquid phase. The dynamic viscoelasticity and plasticizer leaching of each specimen were measured after 0, 1, 3, 7, and 14 days of immersion (37°C distilled water) using DMA and HPLC. A significant difference was found among the materials in the dynamic viscoelasticity and leaching of plasticizer. The materials containing 10 wt% PMMA showed the most stable dynamic viscoelasticity, and showed the lowest leaching of plasticizer. The results suggest that the addition of the PMMA polymer to the powder of a tissue conditioner can improve the durability of the PEMA-based tissue conditioner.. ...
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TY - JOUR. T1 - Phthalate plasticizer di(2-ethyl-hexyl) phthalate induces cyclooxygenase-2 expression in gastric adenocarcinoma cells. AU - Wong, Jhen Hong. AU - Wang, Yu Shiuan. AU - Nam, Sean. AU - Ho, Kuo Hao. AU - Chang, Che Mai. AU - Chen, Ku Chung. AU - Chen, Yi Fan. AU - Chang, Wei Chiao. PY - 2019/1/1. Y1 - 2019/1/1. N2 - The phthalate plasticizer, di(2-ethyl-hexyl) phthalate (DEHP), and its derived metabolites are common anthropogenic environmental toxins, which are known to act as endocrine disruptors. Numerous studies have associated DEHP with disruption of sex hormones, abnormal development of reproductive organs, allergies, and inflammation. Its role in promoting inflammation has been reported by both human epidemiological and animal studies. In stomach tissue, chronic inflammation is known to accompany mucosal damage, and pave the way to gastritis, stomach ulcers, and ultimately gastric cancer. Eastern Asian populations possess the highest gastric cancer incidences in the world. ...
Children are constantly exposed to many chemicals via the products they come in contactwith in their everyday life. One chemical group is phthalates, the most commonly usedplasticisers in the world. Phthalates are used mainly in PVC plastic products like floors, toys,food containers and wallpaper but they are also used in rubber, glue, paint, cables etc. Sincethese chemicals are weakly chemically bound to the PVC they can leak and migrate to the air,food, water and skin. Children are exposed to phthalates mainly through food, but because ofthe hand to mouth behaviour they are also exposed via dust inhalation and dust ingestion.About ten years ago regulations of the most toxic phthalates in toys and child care productswere implemented in the EU and from February 2015 it is a general prohibition for the use ofDEHP (diethylhexyl phthalate), DnBP (di-n-butyl phthalate), DiBP (diisobutyl phthalate) andBBzP (butyl benzyl phthalate). DiNP (diisononyl phthalate) is a relatively new phthalate andit has ...
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According to Stratistics MRC, the Global Bio Plasticizers Packaging Market is accounted at $0.5 billion in 2015 and is expected to reach $1.5 billion by 2022 growing at a CAGR of 16.9%. Stringent regulations, technological advancements and increasing demand for Polyvinyl chloride are the key factors fueling the market growth. Higher Cost is the major factor hindering the market.. The opportunity lies in growing demand in APAC countries and helps in reducing carbon footprint. Depending upon its various types, the consumption trend of bio plasticizers differ in various regions. Epoxidized Soybean Oil (ESBO) is one of the most chosen additives in Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) gasket used mostly in food packaging.. Access This Full Report at ...
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Di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) is used to increase the flexibility of plastics for industrial products. However, the illegal use of the plasticizer DEHP in food and drinks has been reported in Taiwan in 2011. In order to assess the exact extent of the absorption of DEHP via the oral route, the aim of this study is to develop a reliable and validated ultra performance liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) method to evaluate the oral bioavailability of DEHP in rats. The optimal chromatographic separation of DEHP and butyl benzyl phthalate (BBP; used as internal standard) were achieved on a C18 column. The mobile phase was consisted of 5 mM ammonium acetate-methanol (11:89, v/v) with a flow rate of 0.25 mL/min. The monitoring ion transitions were m/z 391.4 → 149.0 for DEHP and m/z 313.3 → 149.0 for BBP. The mean matrix effects of DEHP at low, medium and high concentrations were 94.5 ± 5.7% and 100.1 ± 2.3% in plasma and feces homogenate samples, respectively. In
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Phthalates are esters of 1,2-benzoldicarbonic acid (ortho-phthalic acid). The chemical structure of phthalates can be characterised by a planar aromatic ring with two slightly mobile side chains. For phthalates, in general, side chains are mainly alkyl groups with a secondary role played by allyl, benzyl, phenyl, cycloalkyl and alkoxy groups. With alkyl phthalates, a further distinction can be made between branched and unbranched side chains.. In the early 1980s, annual, world-wide production of phthalate esters was estimated to be 20 million tonnes (Schmitzer et al, 1988), although it may now be closer to 5 million tonnes (Lewis et al 1998). The total consumption of phthalate esters in the UK was estimated to be 122,000 tonnes in 1989, of which 54% was DEHP and DIOP (Brooke et al 1991).. Phthalates esters are manufactured world-wide on a large scale, being mainly produced for use as plasticisers in resins and polymers, especially as a softener in PVC (87% of the total production of phthalates ...
INCIDENCE RATES OF NONNEOPLASTIC LESIONS BY ANATOMIC SITE (a) BUTYL BENZYL PHTHALATE NTP Experiment-Test: 05094-99 Report: PEIRPT03 Study Type: CHRONIC Date: 05/10/95 Route: DOSED FEED Time: 17:12:30 05094/02 -VS- 05094/03 COMPARISON Facility: SOUTHERN RESEARCH INSTITUTE Chemical CAS #: 85-68-7 Lock Date: 11/25/92 Cage Range: All Reasons For Removal: 25022 Accidently Killed 25004 Dead 25005 Interval Sacrifice 25003 Moribund 25019 Moribund Sacrifice 25020 Natural Death 25026 Other 25021 Terminal Sacrifice Removal Date Range: All Treatment Groups: Include 001 AD LIB CONTROL Include 002 AD LIB CONTROL Include 005 RTD CONTROL Include 006 RTD CONTROL a Number of animals examined microscopically at site and number of animals with lesion Page 1 NTP Experiment-Test: 05094-99 INCIDENCE RATES OF NONNEOPLASTIC LESIONS BY ANATOMIC SITE (a) Report: PEIRPT03 Study Type: CHRONIC BUTYL BENZYL PHTHALATE Date: 05/10/95 Route: DOSED FEED Time: 17:12:30 ...
Biodegradation of DEP in soil occurs by sequential hydrolysis of the two diethyl chains of the phthalate to produce monoethyl phthalate, followed by phthalic acid. This reaction occurs very slowly in an abiotic environment. Thus there exists an alternative pathway of biodegradation which includes transesterification or demethylation by microorganisms, if the soil is also contaminated with methanol, that would produce another three intermediate compounds, ethyl methyl phthalate, dimethyl phthalate and monomethyl phthalate. This biodegradation has been observed in several soil bacteria.[10] Some bacteria with these abilities have specific enzymes involved in the degradation of phthalic acid esters such as phthalate oxygenase, phthalate dioxygenase, phthalate dehydrogenase and phthalate decarboxylase.[20] The developed intermediates of the transesterification or demethylation, ethyl methyl phthalate and dimethyl phthalate, enhance the toxic effect and are able to disrupt the membrane of ...
Phosphate flame retardants and plasticizers (PFRs) are additives used in a wide range of polymers. Important representatives, such as tris(2-butoxyethyl) phosphate (TBOEP), triphenyl phosphate (TPHP), tris(2-chloroethyl) phosphate (TCEP), tris(1-chloro-2-propyl) phosphate (TCIPP), tris(1,3-dichloro-2propyl) phosphate (TDCIPP), have been found in the indoor environment at high levels. Biotransformation of these PFRs needs to be investigated because it can be a major determinant of their bioavailability and toxicity in humans. TBOEP, TPHP, TCEP, TCIPP and TDCIPP were incubated with human liver S9 fraction and microsomes. Supernatants were analyzed using a liquid chromatography coupled to a quadrupoletime-of-flight mass spectrometer. Chromatograms were scanned for the presence of Phase-I and Phase-II metabolites and tentatively identified based on mass accuracy of the molecular formula, isotopic pattern, and MS/MS spectra. The two major metabolites of TBOEP were products of O-dealkylation and of ...
Garcia, M. C., Smith, M. E., Strange, J. H., Forsyth, M., MacFarlane, D. R. and Ng, S. 1995, 7Li and 19F NMR study of LiCF3SO3 containing polymer electrolytes : the effect of plasticizers, in ISMAR 1995 : Proceedings of the XII International Society of Magnetic Resonance 1995, ISMAR, San Diego, Calif., pp. 232-233. ...
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Argus® II Retinal Prosthesis System is the first approved bionic eye in the US with life-changing potential for the treatment of blindness due to retinitis pigmentosa. SYLMAR, CA, 14 February 2013 After more than 20 years of research and development, Second Sight Medical Products, Inc., the leading developer of retinal prostheses for the blind, is pleased to announce that its Argus® II Retinal Prosthesis System (Argus II) has received U.S. market approval from the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to treat individuals with late stage retinitis pigmentosa (RP). This announcement follows receipt of the European approval in 2011, and a unanimous recommendation by the FDAs Ophthalmic Devices Advisory Panel in September 2012 that this revolutionary product be made available to treat this patient population in the U.S.. We are thrilled to be able to offer the only FDA-approved long-term therapy for people suffering from advanced RP, said Robert Greenberg, MD, PhD, President and CEO of Second ...
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The influence of poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) plasticiser content and molecular weight on the physicochemical properties of films cast from aqueous blends of poly(methyl vinyl ether-co-maleic acid) was investigated using thermal analysis, swelling studies, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and attenuated total reflectance (ATR)-Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. FTIR spectroscopy revealed a shift of the C=O peak from 1708 to 1731 cm(-1), indicating that an esterification reaction had occurred upon heating, thus producing crosslinked films. Higher molecular weight PEGs (10,000 and 1000Da, respectively), having greater chain length, producing hydrogel networks with lower crosslink densities and higher average molecular weight between two consecutive crosslinks. Accordingly, such materials exhibited higher swelling rates. Hydrogels crosslinked with a low molecular weight PEG (PEG 200) showed rigid networks with high crosslink densities and, therefore, lower swelling rates. Polymer: ...
Like other thermoplastics the PVC uncompounded resin is not suitable for direct process. The mix additives are added for process and stability in the PVC resin. The additives like DOP, DIOP, DBP, DOA AND DEP are used in manufacturing process.. Plasticizers - The common plasticizer are DOP, DIOP, DBP, DOA, DEP, Reoplast, Paralex, etc.. Stabilizers - Common Stabilizers are led, barium, cadmium, tin, stearate, etc. Lubricants - The lubricants used are Buty-Stearate, Glycerol Moni-Stearate, Epoxidised Monoester of oleic acid, stearic acid etc. Fillers - Fillers are used for producing a special quality product like calcined clay.. The PVC resin is compounded with plasticizers, stabilizers, lubricants and fillers for process and stability of the product. The ingredients and PVC resin are mixed in a high-speed mixer.. Compound resin is fed to double screw extruder and there are inserts and die are fitted for required diameter. Then the PVC compounds are passed through a heated chamber and melted under ...
0007] Patent U.S. Pat. No. 5,589,526 describes, for example, a masterbatch comprising an elastomeric polymer, such as the copolymer of ethylene and vinyl acetate, from 30 to 50% by weight of the composition of an organic peroxide, a plasticizer, a polyoctenamer and fillers. The masterbatch described is manufactured by a mixer for the thermoplastics by melting the polymers with the plasticizer and by adding the peroxide and then the fillers. The manufacturing process is lengthy and complex: as a phenomenon of self-heating of the composition is observed when this type of melt processing is used, it is therefore necessary to confirm that the temperature remains stable and is sufficiently low for premature crosslinking not to take place. Furthermore, the presence of plasticizer is necessary in order to reduce the self-heating, which may be a nuisance in sonic applications. Finally, the presence of large amounts of fillers, such as chalk and silicic acid, and polyoctenamer, which is a highly ...
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All BERENICE polishes are 5-Free!. The 5-free system formula does not contain the aggressive components:. toluene, DBP, formaldehyde resin, phthalates and camphor.. Toluene is a liquid that is used as a solvent and has the familiar smell of paint thinner. You can be exposed to toluene by breathing it in or getting it on your skin, causing skin irritation. Unfortunately, inhaling high levels of toluene is said to be harmful to your nervous system and can cause light-headedness and nausea. Toluene is a toxin that may also cause birth defects and developmental problems in children of pregnant women who have had extended exposure.. Dibutyl Phthalate (DBP) is a commonly used plasticizer and has been linked to cancer. DBP has also been connected to birth defects in studies involving lab animals. In fact, this toxin was added to the list of suspected teratogens, which are agents that cause malformations of an embryo.. Formaldehyde is a commonly used chemical to preserve and embalm dead animals (and ...
Innocuous plasticizer, mainly used as plasticizer of PVC, cellulose resin and synthetic rubber; used in innocuous PVC grain; produce food packaging material; medical products; flavoring; essence; soft toys for children; cosmetics. Also used as stabilizer of polyvinylidene chloride.. ...
If you spill this chemical, use absorbent paper to pick up all liquid spill material. Your contaminated clothing and absorbent paper should be sealed in a vapor-tight plastic bag for eventual disposal. Solvent wash all contaminated surfaces with alcohol followed by washing with a strong soap and water solution. Do not reenter the contaminated area until the Safety Officer (or other responsible person) has verified that the area has been properly cleaned ...
Dibutyl sebacate Selectophore™, ≥97.0%; CAS Number: 109-43-3; EC Number: 203-672-5; Synonym: Decanedioic acid dibutyl ester, Sebacic acid dibutyl ester; Linear Formula: C18H34O4; find Supelco-84838 MSDS, related peer-reviewed papers, technical documents, similar products & more at Sigma-Aldrich.
25 Sep 2017 , U.S. News. As an agency dedicated to promoting public health, and as fellow Americans, the staff at the U.S. Food and Drug Administration is doing all it can to support the immediate needs of Puerto Ricans following the destruction of Hurricane Maria. First and foremost, these efforts are focused around our mission driven responsibilities to ensure the safety of the medical products, blood and the food supply needed by residents of the island. Our efforts also encompass challenges that are unique to Puerto Rico. The island is home to a substantial base of manufacturing for critical medical products that supply the entire world. This industrial base is an important source of jobs and economic vitality for the island. It is a key to Puerto Ricos economic recovery. The manufacturing facilities are also a pivotal source of critical medical products for the entire United States. Helping to bring these resources back in operation is an important goal of ours and of Puerto Ricos.read ...
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Background: widespread human exposure to phthalates, some of which are developmental and reproductive toxicants in experimental animals, raises concerns about potential human health risks. Underappreciated sources of exposure include phthalates in the polymers coating some oral medications.OobBjective: The objective of this study was to evaluate whether users of phthalate-containing medications ha
Plasticizers can also be other energetic materials (common in smokeless powders), e.g. nitroglycerine, butanetriol trinitrate, ... Camphor can be used as a plasticizer. Binders are used in manufacture of compact compositions, e.g. pyrotechnic stars. Polymers ... Plasticizers. Improve the mechanical properties of the propellant particles. For composite rocket propellants, dioctyl adipate ...
Plasticizers (acrylates, maleates, etc.), Pesticides: Dinocap Lubricants: Zinc dithiophosphate (ZDDP) Fragrances (salicylate) ...
Inclusion of plasticizers. Inclusion of plasticizers tends to lower Tg and increase polymer flexibility. Plasticizers are ... A pipe has no plasticizers in it, because it needs to remain strong and heat-resistant. Plasticized PVC is used in clothing for ... Plasticizers are also put in some types of cling film to make the polymer more flexible. ... A good example of the action of plasticizers is related to polyvinylchlorides or PVCs. A uPVC, or unplasticized ...
Energetic plasticizers can be also used. The addition of a plasticizer lowers the sensitivity of the explosive and improves its ... as RDX embedded in polystyrene with dioctyl phthalate plasticizer. HMX compositions with teflon-based binders were developed in ...
Doolittle, Arthur K. (1954). The Technology of Solvents and Plasticizers. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. p. 628. The Merck ...
Condensates derived from formaldehyde are plasticizers. It is widely used in the production of polyurethane fibers. The PAMAM ...
This basic formulation is expanded to include the following: Plasticizers to yield non-brittle films. Dibutylphthalate and ... camphor are typical plasticizers. Dyes and pigments. Representative compounds include chromium oxide greens, chromium hydroxide ...
PETE does not use phthalates as plasticizers. The terephthalate polymer PETE and the phthalate ester plasticizers are ... producers are increasingly forced to use non-phthalate plasticizers. This transition to phthalate-free plasticizers has ... phthalate esters are nearly ideal plasticizers. Among the numerous alternative plasticizers are Dioctyl terephthalate (DEHT) (a ... For this to be established, the polymer must be heated in the presence of the plasticizer, first above the Tg of the polymer ...
ISBN 978-0-471-38929-3. Chemical Fabrics and Film Association [CFFA] (n.d.). "Plasticizer migration" (PDF). CFFA Performance ... plasticizer) reduces the temperature of glass transition, the yield temperature, and the viscosity of a melt. An understanding ...
"Ranking Plasticizers for Polymers with Atomistic Simulations; PVT, Mechanical Properties and the Role of Hydrogen Bonding in ...
Unlike traditional plasticizers, comonomers are not leachable. In other cases, comonomers are used to introduce crosslinking. ...
In May 2011, the illegal use of the plasticizer DEHP in clouding agents for use in food and beverages has been reported in ... DEHP is the most common phthalate plasticizer in medical devices such as intravenous tubing and bags, IV catheters, nasogastric ... An inspection of products initially discovered the presence of plasticizers. As more products were tested, inspectors found ... FDA Public Health Notification: PVC Devices Containing the Plasticizer DEHP, USFDA July 12, 2002 Products for Hazard: DEHP ...
Plasticizers and superplasticizers retard the curing of concrete. SPs are used where well-dispersed particle suspension is ... Plasticizers are chemical compounds that enable the production of concrete with approximately 15% less water content. ... Traditional plasticizers are lignosulphonates as their sodium salt. Superplasticizers are synthetic polymers. Compounds used as ... The polymers that serve as plasticizers exhibit surfactant properties. They are often ionomers. They function as dispersants to ...
Water acts as a plasticizer. Three main processes happen to the starch granule: granule swelling, crystallite or double helical ...
A typical plasticizer is lignosulfonate. Plasticizers can be used to reduce the water content of a concrete while maintaining ... Plasticizers increase the workability of plastic, or "fresh", concrete, allowing it to be placed more easily, with less ... Superplasticizers (also called high-range water-reducers) are a class of plasticizers that have fewer deleterious effects and ... Slump can be increased by addition of chemical admixtures such as plasticizer or superplasticizer without changing the water- ...
... is often used in mixtures with other explosives and plasticizers or phlegmatizers (desensitizers); it is the explosive ... a plasticizer, dioctyl sebacate (5.3%); a binder, which is usually polyisobutylene (2.1%); and oil (1.6%). Composition CH-6: ...
... they can be used on their own or blended with a plasticizer. Polyurethanes are compatible with most common plasticizers, and ... Some APOs can be used alone, but often they are compounded with tackifiers, waxes, and plasticizers (e.g., mineral oil, poly- ... Resistant to plasticizers, therefore suitable for gluing polyvinyl chloride; only polyamides derived from secondary diamines ... Addition of plasticizers reduces cost, improves pressure-sensitive tack, decrease melt viscosity, decrease hardness, and ...
While all starches are biodegradable, not all plasticizers are. Thus, the biodegradability of the plasticizer determines the ... Because starch polymers on their own are brittle at room temperature, plasticizers are added in a process called starch ... See #Compostable plastics.) Starch blends are thermoplastic polymers produced by blending starch with plasticizers. ...
Included in these are formaldehyde, flame retardants and plasticizers. Neighborhood context: Where the housing is located is a ...
Pelley, Janet (12 November 2008). "Plasticizer may make boys less masculine". Environmental Science & Technology. doi:10.1021/ ...
Feigal DW (2002-07-12). "PVC Devices Containing the Plasticizer DEHP". US FDA/CDRH: FDA Public Health Notification. Food and ...
as a plasticizer in synthetic resins. as an antienzyme in toothpastes. as a precursor for dimethyl-4-pyridones. The compounds ...
It is also used as plasticizer. Propylene carbonate is also used as a solvent for removal of CO2 from natural gas and synthesis ...
2011: Plasticizer use in food products[edit]. The principal food safety incident in Taiwan was over the use of the plasticizer ... were using plasticizer DEHP in clouding agents the firms manufactured.[3] This was used as a substitute for palm oil in ... "The Plasticizer Settlement: What it Means for Food Safety". Retrieved 27 July 2015.. ... "Plasticizer-tainted beverages off shelves in California". The China Post. 2011-06-02.. ...
Organophosphate chemicals have a wide variety of applications and are used as flame retardants, pesticides, plasticizers, and ... Sundkvist AM, Olofsson U, Haglund P (April 2010). "Organophosphorus flame retardants and plasticizers in marine and fresh water ... Marklund A, Andersson B, Haglund P (October 2005). "Organophosphorus flame retardants and plasticizers in Swedish sewage ...
Wolschke, H., Suhring, R., Xie, Z., & Ebinghaus, R. (2015). Organophosphorus flame retardants and plasticizers in the aquatic ... Marklund, A.; Andersson, B.; Haglund, P. (2005). "Organophosphorus flame retardants and plasticizers in Swedish sewage ...
This discharge of plasticizers is a sign of advanced degradation. In some cases, pink or blue colors appear in some sheet films ... These are evidence of plasticizers, additives to the plastic base, becoming incompatible with the film base and oozing out on ...
Yet another use is as a plasticizer. The material is classed as "green" as it is made from natural products, and is ... Plasticizers". ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering. 5 (7): 5999-6007. doi:10.1021/acssuschemeng.7b00814. CRC Handbook 84th ...
were using plasticizer DEHP in clouding agents the firms manufactured. This was used as a substitute for palm oil in clouding ... The principal food safety incident in Taiwan was over the use of the plasticizer DEHP to replace palm oil in food and drinks as ... "The Plasticizer Settlement: What it Means for Food Safety". Retrieved 27 July 2015. FOOD SCARE WIDENS: Tainted additives used ... "Plasticizer-tainted beverages off shelves in California". The China Post. 2011-06-02. "Food agency finds more mislabeled rice ...
... has been used as a plasticizer. Denis Lorient (1999), New ingredients in food processing: biochemistry and agriculture. ...
A plasticizer (UK: plasticiser) is a substance that is added to a material to make it softer and more flexible, to increase its ... Adding 1-2% plasticizer per unit weight of cement is usually sufficient. Adding an excessive amount of plasticizer will result ... The effect of plasticizers on elastic modulus is dependent on both temperature and plasticizer concentration. Below a certain ... For these applications, plasticizers largely overlap with dispersants. Plasticizers for polymers are either liquids with low ...
Table of laboratory methods panels for Non-phthalate Plasticizers. Chemical. Specimen Type. ... Environmental exposure to the plasticizer 1,2-cyclohexane dicarboxylic acid, diisononyl ester (DINCH) in U.S. adults (2000-2012 ... an alternative for phthalate plasticizers. Silva MJ, Furr J, Preau JL Jr, Samandar E, Gray LE, Calafat AM. J Expo Sci Environ ... an alternative for phthalate plasticizers. Silva MJ, Furr J, Preau JL Jr, Samandar E, Gray LE, Calafat AM. Journal article ...
Phthalates and Other Plasticizers. Technical Reports. 06/03/2019 CPSC Staff Statement on University of Cincinnati Report " ...
... can be improved by adding low-temperature plasticizers-i.e.,… ... Plasticizer: Liquids are added to elastomer mixes in order to ... In rubber: Plasticizers and processing aids. Liquids are added to elastomer mixes in order to soften and plasticize the ... is heated and mixed with plasticizers, which are sometimes added in concentrations as high as 50 percent. The most commonly ... Among these additives are plasticizers, colorants, reinforcements, and stabilizers. These are described in turn below. ...
Have you noticed how your flexible plastics can get harder and more brittle over time? Thats because the plasticizer, or ...
Oxea GmbH has extended its phthalate-free plasticizer line with two new bio-based products. Oxblue DOSX is a dioctyl succinate ... Oxea GmbH has extended its phthalate-free plasticizer line with two new bio-based products. Oxblue DOSX is a dioctyl succinate ... Oxea says the plasticizers combine the advantages of bio-based and petroleum-based chemistries. ... Targeted applications for the Oxblue plasticizers include food cling wraps, flooring, soft toys and sealants. The company says ...
Plasticizers Net Sales, Amines & Plasticizers updates and more at Business Standard news. , Page 1 ... Amines & Plasticizers Ltd. (AMINESPLAST) - Net Sales. Market Cap. Exchange: BSE. NSE. Select: Agri and agri inputs. Auto ... Quick Links for Amines & Plasticizers:. * News. Announcements Brokerage Reports Business Earnings Sector ...
This article presents a review of extant literature that informs our current understanding of the effects of di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) exposure on neonates. Phthalates such as DEHP add flexibility to plastics. DEHP is a major component in the manufacturing of polyvinyl chloride devices commonly used in the healthcare setting. Premature and critically ill neonates and infants in the NICU a
Phthalates & Plasticizers Metabolites - Urine (PHTHTE_G) Data File: PHTHTE_G.xpt First Published: November 2013. Last Revised: ... Urinary phthalates and plasticizers metabolites were measured in a one third subsample of persons 6 years and older. Special ... They are often called plasticizers. Some phthalates are used as solvents (dissolving agents) for other materials. They are used ...
Workshop on Plasticizers: Scientific Issues in Blood Collection, Storage and Transfusion (Plasticizers in Blood Bags). Bethesda ... Residential exposure to plasticizers and its possible role in the pathogenesis of asthma. Environ Health Perspect.1997;105 :972 ... Phthalates are plasticizers that are added to polyvinyl chloride (PVC) products to impart flexibility and durability. They are ... Pediatric Exposure and Potential Toxicity of Phthalate Plasticizers Message Subject (Your Name) has sent you a message from ...
Get Comprehensive Daily Technical Analysis of Amines and Plasticizers Ltd. with charts and key technical data RSI, MACD, Pivot ... Amines and Pla Amines and Plasticizers Ltd. , BSE 67.80 1.25 (1.88%) , NSE NT* 0.00 (0.00%) , Trade , Add ... Amines and Plasticizers Ltd.. BSE: 506248 , NSE: , Series: NA , ISIN: INE275D01022 , SECTOR: ChemicalsChemicals ...
This is to inform you that the Board of Directors of the Company at its meeting held today i.e on 27th May, 2019, has inter alia: 1. Approved the Audited Financial Results (Standalone and Consolidated
With its plasticizer resistant, acrylic-based pressure sensitive adhesive backing, this fastener allows for easy and convenient ... Plasticizer Resistant Loop Fastener SJ3523 is one part of a two-part fastener solution designed to provide great durability for ... Plasticizer Resistant Acrylic Adhesive The backing of 3M™ Plasticizer Resistant Loop Fastener SJ3523 is coated with a ... 3M™ Plasticizer Resistant Loop Fastener SJ3523 is our better performance acrylic-based hook fastener with a 3.5 mil (0.08 mm) ...
But a plasticizer is so ubiquitous in people that it has clouded the results of these blood doping tests in the world of ... Plasticizers known as phthalates are used in everyday products, with possible toxic effects. The goal is to one day be able to ... A plasticizer, typically used to soften plastic bags or tubes, was also found in his system, which prompted allegations of an ... In a preliminary test in 2010, Contadors urine sample showed a spike in plasticizers that are found in IV bags used to store ...
This product is coated with a plasticizer resistant acrylic adhesive. Medium temperature performance. Bonds well to paint, bare ... 3M™ Fastener SJ3523 Loop Plasticizer Resistant. Part Number SJ3523, 3M ID 70070427938, 3M Product Number SJ3523, UPC ... This product is coated with a plasticizer resistant acrylic adhesive. Medium temperature performance. Bonds well to paint, bare ...
Plasticizers are chemicals that modify the physical properties of a basic polymer. This discussion focuses on plasticizers in ... as plasticizer, Benzyl benzoate, USP, as plasticizer, Castor oil, USP, as plasticizer, Chlorobutanol, NF, as plasticizer, ... as plasticizer, Sorbitol, USP, as plasticizer, Triacetin, USP, as plasticizer, Tributyl citrate, NF, as plasticizer, Triethyl ... as plasticizer, Mineral oil and lanolin alcohols, as plasticizer, Petrolatum and lanolin alcohols, as plasticizer, Plasticizers ...
Phthalates and Plasticizers Metabolites - Urine (PHTHTE_H) Data File: PHTHTE_H.xpt First Published: December 2016. Last Revised ... The lower limit of detection (LLOD, in ng/mL) for the phthalates and plasticizers metabolites. VARIABLE. SAS LABEL. LLOD. ... Urinary phthalates and plasticizers metabolites were measured in a one third subsample of persons 6 years and older. Special ... They are often called plasticizers. Some phthalates are used as solvents (dissolving agents) for other materials. They are used ...
Plasticizers Methodology - December 2012 Menu. Skip to content ,, Back to Compliance Home Page. ,, Plasticizers. ,, ... DINP is a high-phthalate plasticizer. It is widely used in the US, and is the most widely used plasticizer in Europe and is the ... Plasticizers are additives that increase the plasticity or fluidity of the material to which they are added. Some 96% of ... The global plasticizers market size is around 6m tonnes/year, of which Asia is the largest consumer, accounting for ...
Plasticizers Financial Results, Quarterly Results (Q1, Q2, Q3, Q4) & Yearly Results & more financial news from Business ... Amines & Plasticizers Ltd. (AMINESPLAST) - Financial Quarterly. Figures in Rs crore. Sep-2017. Jun-2017. Mar-2017. Dec-2016. ... Quick Links for Amines & Plasticizers:. * News. Announcements Brokerage Reports Business Earnings Sector ...
Experience in the removal of plasticiser aerosol from exhaust air. Original title. Opyt očistki aspiracionnogo vozduha ot ... fibrous filters; moulding of plastics; air filtration; plasticizers; collection efficiency; plastics converting industry; ... plasticiser aerosol collection efficiency was 80-88%; the installations aerodynamic drag was 30-50Pa and persisted as such for ... the agent removed being dioctyl phthalate plasticiser. With a specific air load through the filter inlet section of 3,000-4,000 ...
This versatile plasticizer portfolio also represents the most cost-effective and broadest range of non-phthalate plasticizers ... At the show, Eastman will be introducing a new plasticizer product designed specifically for the medical market. While there, ... Eastman has a long history of supplying innovative plasticizers to the medical market. Today, the company s products improve ... Eastman plasticizers are found in numerous medical applications, including IV bags and tubing. ...
Plasticizers are used in plastic manufacturing to improve the physical properties of final product. They are either low ... Market Overview:The global Plasticizers market was valued at USD 16.26 billion in 2016 and is projected to reach USD 27.46 ... 2.4 Bio Based Plasticizer. 2.5 Others. 3. By Region:. 3.1 North America (U.S., Canada, Mexico). 3.2 Europe (Germany, UK, France ... The global Plasticizers market was valued at USD 16.26 billion in 2016 and is projected to reach USD 27.46 billion by 2025, ...
Use the ICIS price assessments and market coverage to track the Non-Phthalate Plasticizers Asia market. ... Understand ICIS coverage of the Non-Phthalate Plasticizers Asia market. ... Read more about how we report non-phthalate-plasticizer prices.. Non Phthalate Plasticizers. The global plasticiser market size ... Home Commodities Chemicals Non-phthalate-plasticizers Non-Phthalate Plasticizers Asia prices, markets & analysis ...
Research Brief examines replacements for phthalate plasticizers in Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) building materials. Plasticizers ... Plasticizers are added to PVC to make it flexible, but since they are not tightly bound to the PVC molecules, they migrate from ... Exposures to these toxic plasticizers from PVC products can occur throughout their lifecycle. Therefore, it is crucial that PVC ... Phthalates, the most commonly used plasticizers in PVC, are known endocrine disruptors - chemicals that interfere with hormone ...
Attention deficit after kids critical illness linked to plasticizers in medical tubes. The Endocrine Society ... Attention deficit after kids critical illness linked to plasticizers in medical tubes ...
... its widely applicable non-phthalate plasticizer Hexamoll® DINCH® and acResin®, a variable adhesive raw material for medical ... Also at Compamed, BASF will be presenting a broad range of applications of the non-phthalate plasticizer Hexamoll® DINCH®. ... BASF at Compamed 2014: Plastics, adhesive raw materials and plasticizers for medical applications ... BASF at Compamed 2014: Plastics, adhesive raw materials and plasticizers for medical applications ...
Databook of Plasticizers contains data on selection of the most important plasticizers in use today. The selection includes 410 ... 3.22 Phthalate-free plasticizers. 3.23 Phthalates. 3.24 Polymeric plasticizers. 3.25 Pyrrolidones. 3.26 Reactive plasticizers. ... Plasticizers included in the book differ from solvents by boiling point, which is above 250oC, but some plasticizers are used ... Databook of Plasticizers contains data on selection of the most important plasticizers in use today. The selection includes 410 ...
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  • That's because the plasticizer, or phthalates, is continuously released, changing the chemical composition of the product. (mercola.com)
  • Phthalates are plasticizers that are added to polyvinyl chloride (PVC) products to impart flexibility and durability. (aappublications.org)
  • Phthalates are plasticizers that impart flexibility and durability to polyvinyl chloride (PVC) products, including building materials, food packaging, clothing, toys, children's products, blood bags, intravenous fluid bags and infusion sets, and other medical devices. (aappublications.org)
  • Plasticizers known as phthalates are used in everyday products, with possible toxic effects. (scientificamerican.com)
  • The plasticizer in question is called bis(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate, or DEHP, which is 'ubiquitous' in the environment, said Shanna Swan, a reproductive epidemiologist at the Mount Sinai School of Medicine in New York who has studied the effects of phthalates on infant boys. (scientificamerican.com)
  • Contador's 2010 test showed a spike in phthalates in his system near the end of that summer's Tour de France, the first time the plasticizer test was used. (scientificamerican.com)
  • Plasticizers are grouped into a number of categories such as orthophthalates - commonly referred to as phthalates - aliphatics (mainly adipates), trimellitates, epoxy, polymerics and phosphates. (icis.com)
  • Phthalates, the most commonly used plasticizers in PVC, are known endocrine disruptors - chemicals that interfere with hormone signaling, which is especially critical to early childhood development. (healthybuilding.net)
  • In this study, concentrations of potentially toxic plasticizers (phthalates as well as non-phthalates) were investigated in 28 dust samples collected from three different indoor environments across the USA. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • The estimated daily intakes of total phthalates (n = 7) by children and toddlers through indoor dust in childcare facilities were 1.6 times higher than the non-phthalate plasticizers (n = 3), whereas estimated daily intake of total non-phthalatesfor all age groups at homes were 1.9 times higher than the phthalate plasticizers. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • Eastman 168 SG is a non-phthalate plasticizer, and is the main alternative to phthalates in applications from flooring and wallcoverings to toys to medical devices and many other applications that require flexible vinyl. (greenblue.org)
  • Tarkett has phased out the use of virgin phthalates from all their products… In order to ensure that new floors contain no more than 0.1% phthalates, Tarkett's only sourcing of post-consumer PVC comes from vinyl composition tile floors in the U.S. that contain relatively low levels of these plasticizers. (healthybuilding.net)
  • Most of the indwelling medical devices and essential accessories were found to actively leach phthalates and alternative plasticizers. (nih.gov)
  • Phthalates are well-known endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDC), which is widely used as effective synthetic plasticizers. (nature.com)
  • Phthalates, non-phthalates, aliphates, and polymeric plasticizers have surfaced as the key products available in the global plasticizers market. (transparencymarketresearch.com)
  • The dominant movement in the marketplace is to alternative plasticizers to DEHP and other phthalates. (cleanproduction.org)
  • Phthalates, sometimes known as plasticizers, are used in the manufacture of plastics, to make them more flexible. (urologytimes.com)
  • Most plasticizers appear to act by interfering with the functioning of various hormone systems, but some phthalates have wider pathways of disruption. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • In 2016, the Phthalates segment dominated the global plasticizers market and will continue to dominate the market in upcoming years. (websitegear.com)
  • Almost 90% of polymer plasticizers, most commonly phthalate esters, are used in PVC, giving this material improved flexibility and durability. (wikipedia.org)
  • Plasticizers used in PVC and other plastics are often based on esters of polycarboxylic acids with linear or branched aliphatic alcohols of moderate chain length. (wikipedia.org)
  • Almost all plasticizers are esters by virtue of their polar structure. (kunststoffe.de)
  • Used in rubber, fiber, butyl acetate esters, ethyl cellulose acetate ethylene acetate, together with other synthetic tree as plasticizers. (weiku.com)
  • Identification of a toxic mechanism of the plasticizers, phtahlic acid esters, which are putative endocrine disrupters: time-dependent increase in quinolinic acid and its metabolites in rats fed di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate. (biomedsearch.com)
  • In this study, we developed an effective method to synthesize acetylated mixture of citrate esters (ATMC) composed of acetyl (dibutyl-monoisooctyl) citrate, acetyl (monobutyl-diisooctyl) citrate, and a small amount of ATBC and ATOC, as an alternative for phthalate plasticizers. (deepdyve.com)
  • Velsiflex plasticizers are an environmentally friendly option for formulators looking for an alternative to commodity and specialty phthalate esters. (rgmconsultants.it)
  • The mean concentrations of non-phthalate plasticizers [acetyl tri-n-butyl citrate (ATBC), di-(2-ethylhexyl) adipate (DEHA), and di-isobutyl adipate (DIBA)] were found at 0.51-880 μg/g for the first time in indoor dust samples from childcare facilities, homes, and salons across the USA. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • Results indicated that DEHP was predominantly present as plasticizer (60 of 97 samples), followed by bis(2-ethylhexyl) adipate (DEHA, 32 of 97), bis(2-ethylhexyl) terephthalate (DEHT, 24 of 97), tris(2-ethylhexyl) trimellitate (TOTM, 20 of 97), and tributyl-O-acetyl citrate (ATBC, 10 of 97). (nih.gov)
  • Oxea has expanded its broad product portfolio of phthalate-free plasticizers with its new bio-based products Oxblue DOSX (dioctyl succinate) and Oxblue ATBC (acetyl tributyl citrate). (coatingsworld.com)
  • Citrate-based plasticizers and epoxidized soybean oil (ESO) are the most commonly used bio-based plasticizers. (webnewswire.com)
  • Goulas AE, Zygoura P, Karatapanis A, Georgantelis D, Kontominas MG (2007) Migration of di(2-ethylhexyl) adipate and acetyltributyl citrate plasticizers from food-grade PVC film into sweetened sesame paste (halawa tehineh): kinetic and penetration study. (springer.com)
  • For the products, the traditional, cheap and high risky phthalate plasticizer is being substituted by the new, safe and expensive citrate plasticizer and trimellitic acid plasticizer, which reflects significantly in the international market. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Lei, Jingxin 2018-05-07 00:00:00 Tributyl citrate (TBC) and acetyl tributyl citrate (ATBC), as phthalate alternative plasticizers, show limited application due to low migration resistance, high volatilization rate and intense respiratory irritation. (deepdyve.com)
  • Meanwhile, the developed pure citrates, such as butyryl trihexyl citrate (BTHC) due to its high cost, and triisooctyl citrate (TOC) and acetyl triisooctyl citrate (ATOC) due to their low absorption property, are not attractive plasticizers to manufacture phthalate-free poly(vinyl chloride)s (PVCs). (deepdyve.com)
  • The most commonly used plasticizer is the compound di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate (DEHP), also known as dioctyl phthalate (DOP). (britannica.com)
  • DEHP is the primary plasticizer in many medical supplies such as IV blood bags, which are about 40 percent DEHP. (scientificamerican.com)
  • Several devices contained multiple plasticizers, e.g. devices containing TOTM contained also DEHP and DEHT. (nih.gov)
  • Our data indicate that PICU patients are exposed to a wide range of plasticizers, including the controversial DEHP. (nih.gov)
  • With regard to the reports as above, many efforts are applied to overcome the weakness of DEHP by developing much safer substitute plasticizers. (nature.com)
  • Clean Production Action's Plastics Scorecard demonstrated the benefits of substituting medical IV bags made from PVC/DEHP with polyolefin bags that require no plasticizers (see figure to the right). (cleanproduction.org)
  • Although the science supporting the health hazards of DEHP plasticizers is sketchy, to say the least, the material is tainted in the public view as a result of campaigns led by activist organizations, and chemicals companies have been working on developing alternative materials. (biospace.com)
  • While di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate (DEHP) has provided the medical industry with a stable ortho-phthalate plasticizer for many years, regulatory trends and consumer demands will inevitably drive the industry to non-phthalate alternatives," notes Eastman Chemical Co. (Kingsport, TN). (biospace.com)
  • DEHP is the primary phthalate plasticizer for such vinyl medical devices. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • 2008). The most commonly used phthalate plasticizers are di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate (DEHP) and di-n-butyl phthalate (DBP) with the others used only for selective applications (ATSDR, 2006). (scielo.org.za)
  • The new report on the vinyl flooring plasticizers market provides estimations of the size of the global market and share and size of key regional markets during the historical period of 2018 - 2027. (express-press-release.net)
  • According to the report, the Vinyl Flooring Plasticizers Market is projected to expand at a steady CAGR of 3.2% in terms of value throughout the period of assessment, 2018-2027. (express-press-release.net)
  • Plasticizers are commonly added to polymers such as plastics and rubber, either to facilitate the handling of the raw material during fabrication, or to meet the demands of the end product's application. (wikipedia.org)
  • For plastics such as PVC, the more plasticizer added, the lower their cold flex temperature will be. (wikipedia.org)
  • The growing demand for plastics is boosting demand for plasticizers. (bccresearch.com)
  • At Compamed 2014 in Hall 8B, Stand J32, BASF will be exhibiting innovative products for medical applications made of plastics (polyoxymethylene and thermoplastic polyurethanes), its widely applicable non-phthalate plasticizer Hexamoll® DINCH® and acResin®, a variable adhesive raw material for medical adhesive tapes. (basf.com)
  • Plasticizers are often used to make plastics more pliable, particularly polyvinyl chloride (PVC or vinyl). (greenblue.org)
  • J. Wehlmann, "Use of esterified rapeseed oil as plasticizer in plastics processing," European Journal of Lipid Science and Technology , vol. 101, pp. 249-256, 1999. (hindawi.com)
  • Dibutyl Sebacate, also known as DBS, is used as a plasticizer in production of plastics. (spectrumchemical.com)
  • Moving forward, the replacement of a number of wood and iron products, such as windows, floorings, doors, and pipes, with plastics will reflect positively on the sales of plasticizers across the world in the near future. (transparencymarketresearch.com)
  • Plasticizers are supplements that are added to plastics enhance their properties such as plasticity and viscosity. (transparencymarketresearch.com)
  • Bio Plasticizers is a molecule that improves the fluidity and plasticity of polymeric material namely, plastics, paint and adhesive. (webnewswire.com)
  • Additionally, Recently EU has forbidden the di-octyl phthalate use in plastics used for the production of toys and PVC food packaging owing to this the recent increasing request for new economically sustainable chemical products, bio-plasticizers have been developed. (webnewswire.com)
  • According to 2017 data, the total global market for plasticizers was 7.5 million metric tonnes. (wikipedia.org)
  • The global Plasticizers market was valued at USD 16.26 billion in 2016 and is projected to reach USD 27.46 billion by 2025, growing at a CAGR of 6.00% from 2017 to 2025. (bccresearch.com)
  • North America region was the leading bio plasticizers market with an estimated highest market size and is projected to touch down million tons in 2017. (webnewswire.com)
  • RENOLIT tested several non-phthalate plasticizers before choosing Pevalen in 2017. (pcimag.com)
  • The "Global Plasticizers Market Size, Market Share, Application Analysis, Regional Outlook, Growth Trends, Key Players, Competitive Strategies and Forecasts, 2017 to 2025" report has been added to ResearchAndMarkets.com's offering. (websitegear.com)
  • The plasticizers market is expected to reach over US$ 26.3 billion by 2025, expanding at a CAGR of 5.4% from 2017 to 2025. (websitegear.com)
  • Asia Pacific has been leading the global plasticizers market since the last few years, thanks to the augmenting usage of PVC products in the housing and construction, electric and electronics, automotive, and the medical and healthcare industries in this region. (transparencymarketresearch.com)
  • DINP is a major plasticizer used in children's toys. (aappublications.org)
  • Ortho-phthalate plasticizers such as dioctyl phthalate (DOP), diisononyl phthalate (DINP) and di-propyl heptyl phthalate (DPHP) are by far the predominant types, representing around 75-85% of plasticizers produced and consumed in the world. (icis.com)
  • DINP is a high-phthalate plasticizer. (icis.com)
  • Talks of replacement for DINP as a plasticizer at some end user factories also weighed on the demand and spot prices, with key producers largely cutting their production of DINP or switching their lines to produce other types of plasticizers instead. (icis.com)
  • 9. The process of claim 8, wherein the halogenated phthalate plasticizer includes brominated diisononyl phthalate (DINP). (freepatentsonline.com)
  • Deals in Synthetic Iron Oxide Red, plasticizers, Yellow Iron Oxide, Synhtetic Iron Red Oxide, Synthetic Iron Oxide Red-isc-446, Red Iron Oxide, Synthetic Iron Oxide Red-isc-473, Lacquer for Rubber Mould Pavers and Tiles, Super Plasticizer for Rubber Mould Pavers and Tiles, Synthetic Iron Oxide Red-isc-449. (indianyellowpages.com)
  • 1 LB bag Concrete additive-Water reducer-Super plasticizer High-performance superplasticizer for cement based construction materials Characteristics / Chemistry Free-flowing, spray dried powder of modified polycarboxylic ether. (rgmconsultants.it)
  • DSM Composite Resins has sold its Uraplast Polymeric Plasticizer Resins Business to Polynt. (netcomposites.com)
  • DSM is one of Europe's leading suppliers of polymeric plasticizer resins for PVC, elastomers, adhesives, coatings and other applications, traded under the name Uraplast. (netcomposites.com)
  • Citroflex ® 2 or C-2 is recommended as a plasticizer for cellulosic derivatives as well as natural resins such as dammar and ester gums. (vertellus.com)
  • Increasing demand for phthalate plasticizers due to rise in consumption of polyvinyl chloride coupled with growing demand for unsaturated polyester resins is expected to drive the market growth for phthalic anhydride. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • It is an important and primary plasticizer, mainly used in the processing of PVC resins, chemical fiber resins, ABS resins and rubber. (weiku.com)
  • This Healthy Building Network (HBN) Research Brief examines replacements for phthalate plasticizers in Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) building materials. (healthybuilding.net)
  • Over twenty percent of the composition of some polyvinyl chloride (PVC, also called vinyl) sheet flooring is phthalate plasticizer. (healthybuilding.net)
  • 12. A polymeric material having a phthalate plasticizer covalently bonded to a diamine-modified portion of a polyvinyl chloride (PVC) polymer chain, wherein the PVC polymer chain is modified using an aliphatic diamine having a chemical formula (CH 2 ) x (NH 2 ) 2 , wherein x is not less than 2. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • Plasticizers have found wide applications in the manufacturing of various PVC (polyvinyl chloride) products. (transparencymarketresearch.com)
  • Plasticizers are additives that increase a materials viscosity and plasticity and are usually combined with polyvinyl chloride (PVC) or other polymers to impart unique properties. (plastemart.com)
  • Currently the only phthalate plasticizer used in polyvinyl chloride medical devices such as blood bags and IV tubing. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • will no longer offer diethyl phthlalate (DEP) and dibutyl phthalate (DBP) plasticizers as of the end of this year. (rgmconsultants.it)
  • Plasticizers for polymers are either liquids with low volatility or solids. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Polymers, Polymer Additives and Plasticizers Library contains 1,799 spectra of commercially available materials of interest to those in the polymer industry. (ftirsearch.com)
  • The collection includes 1,509 polymers and polymer additives and 290 plasticizers primarily from U.S. manufacturers. (ftirsearch.com)
  • They are used principally as plasticizers, to impart flexibility, workability, and durability to polymers, but they can also be found in products such as adhesives, inks, and cosmetics, munitions, industrial and lubricating oil, as well as solvents in perfumes and paints and additives in hair-sprays and insect repellent (Shanker et al. (scielo.org.za)
  • Sebacic acid, also known as decanedioic acid, is a useful building block for plasticizers and polymers. (pcimag.com)
  • Plasticizer-elastomer interaction is governed by many factors such as solubility parameter, molecular weight, and chemical structure. (wikipedia.org)
  • ICIS collects pricing data on a wide range of chemical, energy and fertilizer products, including Non-Phthalate Plasticizers. (icis.com)
  • The selection includes 410 generic and commercial plasticizers, which belong to 31 chemical groups. (researchandmarkets.com)
  • The generic plasticizers contain data for the particular chemical compound from numerous sources and these generic plasticizer tables usually, contain the most extensive information. (researchandmarkets.com)
  • Polynt S.p.A., a specialty chemical company listed on the Italian Stock Exchange, is active in the niche market of chemical intermediates for polymer production.The acquisition of the Uraplast polymeric plasticizers business is a good fit and an attractive addition to its current portfolio. (netcomposites.com)
  • The chemical group had been working on developing this new generation of plasticizers for some time. (kunststoffe.de)
  • Phthalate Plasticizers Covalently Bound to PVC: Plasticization with Suppressed Migration", American Chemical Society, Macromolecules 2010, vol. 43, pp. 2377-2391. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • Plasticizers work by reducing the chemical affinity between molecules when embedded between chains of plastic raw materials (or act as monomers in polycarbonate plastic), but as plasticizers are not especially stable in these products, they can leach out and thus end up in the environment. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • Plasticizers included in the database can be divided into two categories: generic chemical name compounds and commercial plasticizers which are either mixture of several components, industrial grades of the particular compound, polymeric materials, or products having unknown, complex composition. (chemtec.org)
  • The displayed information contains plasticizer name and its chemical structure. (chemtec.org)
  • Plunkett Research, Ltd. announces publication of its complete market forecasts and financial analysis for the Basic Organic Chemical Manufacturing, Including Petrochemical Intermediates, Silicone, Ethanol, Plasticizers and Enzyme Proteins, Industry. (plunkettresearch.com)
  • In fact, Eastman is North America s largest producer of non-phthalate general-purpose and specialty plasticizers. (webwire.com)
  • North America, being the hub of established industries, where leading players have been operating since long, has very limited growth opportunities for this market, which is going to affect the North America plasticizers market adversely in the near future. (transparencymarketresearch.com)
  • In base year 2016, Asia Pacific was observed as the largest market for plasticizers followed by North America and Europe. (websitegear.com)
  • 5.1 This test method provides an accelerated method for determining the stability of plasticized PVC compounds with respect to plasticizer compatibility under humid conditions. (astm.org)
  • 1.1 This test method defines the conditions for the exposure and qualitative evaluation of plasticized poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) compounds for plasticizer compatibility under humid conditions. (astm.org)
  • Low-smoke, flame-retardant thermoplastic elastomers are said to enable manufacturers of power and other flexible cords to produce non-PVC insulation and jacketing that does not contain halogenated flame retardants or phthalate plasticizers , while avoiding the processing limitations of highly filled halogen-free flame retardant (HFFR) polyolefin compounds. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Measurement of flame retardants and plasticizers based on organophosphorus compounds. (bsigroup.com)
  • Targeted applications for the Oxblue plasticizers include food cling wraps, flooring, soft toys and sealants. (plasticsnews.com)
  • The global Bio Plasticizers market is valued at XX million USD in 2016 and is expected to reach XX million USD by the end of 2022, growing at a CAGR of XX% between 2016 and 2022. (reportsnreports.com)
  • Globally, the Market for Bio Plasticizers is growing at a CAGR of 10.02% during forecasted period (2016-2022). (webnewswire.com)
  • Globally, Bio Plasticizers Market was valued at USD 908 Million in 2016 and is likely to reach USD 1,900 million in 2022, expanding at CAGR of 10.02% between 2016 and 2022. (webnewswire.com)
  • The production, consumption, revenue, shares in mill UDS, growth rate of Bio Plasticizers Market during the forecast period of 2016 to 2022 is well explained. (webnewswire.com)
  • The global plasticizer market size is estimated to grow at a steady rate from 2016 to 2024. (plastemart.com)
  • Among these, wires and cables segment accounted for the largest segment by value in 2016 owing to high usage of plasticizers in electrical and cable industry for products such as insulation and jacketing for electrical conductors, insulation for fiber optic cables. (websitegear.com)
  • EDENOL ® DOZ is a new plasticizer able to replace DOS in developing most soft PVC coatings. (pcimag.com)
  • It has become an industry standard as a low-temperature plasticizer for PVC coatings due to its low volatility and good weathering properties. (pcimag.com)
  • Plasticizers are chemicals that modify the physical properties of a basic polymer. (ijpc.com)
  • Ehrenberg, R. "Plasticizers Kept from Leaching Out: 'Chemicals of Concern' May be Made Safer", usnews.com, ScienceNews, 2010, http://www.usnews.com/science/articles/2010/03/03/plasticizers-kept-from-leaching-out, 2 pages. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • Effect concentrations of plasticizers in laboratory experiments coincide with measured environmental concentrations, and thus there is a very real potential for effects of these chemicals on some wildlife populations. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • A plasticizer (UK: plasticiser) is a substance that is added to a material to make it softer and more flexible, to increase its plasticity, to decrease its viscosity, or to decrease friction during its handling in manufacture. (wikipedia.org)
  • Plasticizers are additives that increase the plasticity or fluidity of the material to which they are added. (icis.com)
  • C02 is specially used to replace GB standard chlorinated paraffin because paraffin has high viscosity, dense, low plasticity when used as plasticizer. (kitairu.net)
  • Good plasticizing efficiency, the plasticity is 1.5:1 comparing with paraffin, replace same quantity chlorinated paraffin or 30% main plasticizer of paraffin. (kitairu.net)
  • Plasticizers can become available for exposure due to migration and abrasion of the plastic since they are not bound to the polymer matrix. (wikipedia.org)
  • Controversy: neonatal exposure to plasticizers in the NICU. (cdc.gov)
  • The goal is to one day be able to prove that a plasticizer spike in a cyclist's urine was due to blood doping paraphernalia, and not, say, an accidental exposure from food. (scientificamerican.com)
  • Today, processed and packaged foods are considered as among the major sources of human exposure to plasticizers and bisphenol which migrate from plastic packing. (springer.com)
  • Exposures to these toxic plasticizers from PVC products can occur throughout their lifecycle. (healthybuilding.net)
  • The market for toxic plasticizers in building materials is closing. (healthybuilding.net)
  • It is non -toxic plasticizer , with good solubility and compatibility with resin. (himfr.com)
  • Also, a number of major plasticizer manufacturers changed from 98 to 85, which shows consolidation of plasticizer production and offering. (chemtec.org)
  • The commercial plasticizers include only data given by plasticizer manufacturers. (researchandmarkets.com)
  • This allows comparison of properties of commercial plasticizers coming from different sources. (researchandmarkets.com)
  • Over the last 60 years more than 30,000 different substances have been evaluated for their suitability as polymer plasticizers. (wikipedia.org)
  • DOTP is a terephthalate plasticizer. (icis.com)
  • Eastman™ DBT builds on Eastman's decades of expertise as a global supplier of plasticizers and leader in the manufacture of phthalate alternatives. (rgmconsultants.it)
  • The performance of a mixture of plasticizer/superplasticizer was compared with that obtained by the single use of the individual admixtures. (concrete.org)
  • The "new car smell" is often attributed to plasticizers or their degradation products. (wikipedia.org)
  • Oxea GmbH has extended its phthalate-free plasticizer line with two new bio-based products. (plasticsnews.com)
  • Plasticizers are added to PVC to make it flexible, but since they are not tightly bound to the PVC molecules, they migrate from PVC products. (healthybuilding.net)
  • Therefore, it is crucial that PVC products containing phthalate plasticizers be eliminated from the built environment. (healthybuilding.net)
  • Many plastic products would be inconceivable without plasticizers. (kunststoffe.de)
  • ATEC is used as plasticizers in cosmetics and nail products. (nature.com)
  • Combining the advantages of conventional petrol- and bio-based products, Oxblue DOSX and Oxblue ATBC address the demand for high-quality, high-performing and affordable plasticizers. (coatingsworld.com)
  • Rising demand for PVC products, robust growth in automotive sector, urbanization and infrastructural growth and high demand for consumer products will be the major drivers for the plasticizer market in the future, as per Global Market Insights. (plastemart.com)
  • Improving economic condition of people around the globe and the resultant demand for consumer products and growth in packaging industry will bolster the plasticizer market. (plastemart.com)
  • One of the products derived from sebacic acid that was heavily affected by the force majeure is the widely used plasticizer, DOS. (pcimag.com)
  • 3. Good stability, high plasticizing efficency, mix with main plasticizer not affect products quality. (kitairu.net)
  • 4. Children toy products request eco-friendly plasticizer if necessary, B02 or F01 could replace 30-40% main plasticizer. (kitairu.net)
  • Linear C9 phthalate plasticizer , Jayflex L9P, provides lower volatility and fogging in automotive vinyls and is useful in roofing membranes and pond liners where superior stability is required. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The present study aimed to identify plasticizers present in indwelling plastic medical devices commonly used in the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU). (nih.gov)
  • The process may also include chemically reacting a halogenated phthalate plasticizer with the diamine-modified PVC material to form a polymeric material having a phthalate plasticizer covalently bonded to a polymer chain. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • The global plasticizers market is estimated to be worth US$19,366.90 mln by 2019, as per Markets and Markets. (plastemart.com)
  • Non-phthalate plasticizers include dioctyl adipate (DOA), 1,2-cyclohexane dicarboxylic acid diisononyl ester (DINCH) and trioctyl trimellitate (TOTM). (icis.com)
  • Plastic items containing plasticizers can exhibit improved flexibility and durability. (wikipedia.org)
  • This approach allows for the isolation of important industrial plasticizer alcohols from a renewable source. (rsc.org)
  • The report provides in-depth analysis and forecast of the plasticizers market on the global as well as on regional level. (transparencymarketresearch.com)
  • This report studies the Bio Plasticizers development status and future trend in China, focuses on top players in China, also splits Bio Plasticizers by type and by applications, to fully and deeply research and reveal the market general situation and future forecast. (reportsnreports.com)
  • Plasticizers will be mostly used for these two categories of applications in the forecast period due to increasing preference of customers for new designs in coverings and floor walls in their buildings. (plastemart.com)
  • The global plasticizers market size is around 6m tonnes/year, of which Asia is the largest consumer, accounting for approximately 3.5m tonnes/year, followed by Europe, with around 1m tonnes/year and the US at about 800,000 tonnes/year. (icis.com)
  • DOP represents about 10% of the European plasticizer market where it has been included in the EU Candidate List and is expected to be phased out by the EU by February 2015. (icis.com)
  • At the show, Eastman will be introducing a new plasticizer product designed specifically for the medical market. (webwire.com)
  • Eastman has a long history of supplying innovative plasticizers to the medical market. (webwire.com)
  • Our network of price reporters provides you with complete coverage of Asia's emerging plasticizers market. (icis.com)
  • The global plasticiser market size is around 6 million tons in 2011. (icis.com)
  • The weekly ICIS Asia Phthalate/Non-Phthalate Plasticizers report offers timely and in-depth market data, including price assessments, trade activity, feedstock supply and analysis of Asia's current and upcoming export availability. (icis.com)
  • The Bio Plasticizers Market report defines the past movement and trends, on the basis of these past experiences, it gives the future outlook concerning other factors influencing the growth rate. (webnewswire.com)
  • This comprehensive report offers an exhaustive analysis of the major determinants such as market dynamics (DROT), and PORTER which helps the growth of the Bio Plasticizers Market. (webnewswire.com)
  • These past activity and factors help to build the strategy and future planning of Bio Plasticizers Market and hold a place in the competitive world. (webnewswire.com)
  • The Bio Plasticizers market report provides detailed data to mentor market key players while forming important business decisions. (webnewswire.com)
  • Thanks to the augmenting urbanization, growth of the construction industry, and the infrastructural developments in the medical and the healthcare sector, especially in emerging economies, such as China and India, the global market for plasticizers has been witnessing a remarkable progress in its size and valuation. (transparencymarketresearch.com)
  • The global plasticizers market offered an opportunity worth US$14.85 bn in 2015. (transparencymarketresearch.com)
  • The increasing infrastructural development, boosted by the economic strengthening of Asian economies, especially China, Korea, Japan, and India, is projected to support the Asia Pacific market for plasticizers considerably over the forthcoming years. (transparencymarketresearch.com)
  • Other prominent players operating in the global gastrointestinal drugs market are Teknor Apex, Shandong Qilu Plasticizers Co. Ltd., Reagens, and Aekyung Petrochemical Co. Ltd. (transparencymarketresearch.com)
  • Quantitative data has been derived through extensive secondary research of the global plasticizers market. (transparencymarketresearch.com)
  • The firm cites a global market for lignin-based plasticizers of upward of 19 million tons annually, developing countries' growth fueling higher demand. (concreteproducts.com)
  • Various key variables and regression models were considered to calculate the trajectory of Bio Plasticizers Market. (webnewswire.com)
  • The ongoing market trends of Bio Plasticizers Market and the key factors impacting the growth prospects are elucidated. (webnewswire.com)
  • The report offers extensive bio plasticizers market analysis of the factors that drive as well as restrain the growth. (webnewswire.com)
  • In-depth analysis of the key market segments demonstrate the consumption of bio plasticizers in varied applications across different end-user industries. (webnewswire.com)
  • The business intelligence study offers readers a granular assessment of key growth dynamics, promising avenues, and the competitive landscape of the vinyl flooring plasticizers market. (express-press-release.net)
  • The report offers insight into the competitive dynamic in the vinyl flooring plasticizers market which has shaped the major strategies of each player. (express-press-release.net)
  • The key factors that shape the entry barrier and intensity of competition in the vinyl flooring plasticizers market are presented in the analysis. (express-press-release.net)
  • What are some of the latent areas of investments in the vinyl flooring plasticizers market? (express-press-release.net)
  • What trends are likely to change the status quo of the positions held by leading players of the vinyl flooring plasticizers market in the not-so-distant future? (express-press-release.net)
  • Which product/service/technology segments holds game-changing potential to dramatically shape the competitive dynamic in the vinyl flooring plasticizers market? (express-press-release.net)
  • What are the strategies adopted by top players to retain their stronghold in the vinyl flooring plasticizers market? (express-press-release.net)
  • Which strategic moves will new entrants adopt to gain a strong foothold in the vinyl flooring plasticizers market? (express-press-release.net)
  • By application, global plasticizer market is segmented into six categories viz. (plastemart.com)
  • By end users, global plasticizer market can be segmented in the following categories - construction & remodeling, electronics & communication, automobile and tire industry, medical & healthcare and others. (plastemart.com)
  • By region, global plasticizer market is divided into five segments viz. (plastemart.com)
  • The Asia-Pacific is the most promising market for plasticizers and is anticipated to be the same in the near future. (plastemart.com)
  • Since 2004, substantial changes occurred in plasticizer market, caused by health and environmental concerns, which were followed by appropriate regulations. (chemtec.org)
  • MALMÖ, Sweden - RENOLIT, a provider of high-quality plastic films, has completed the switch of all U.S. production for its signage and graphics market product range to the non-phthalate plasticizer Pevalen™, produced by Perstorp. (pcimag.com)
  • For the purpose of this study, the global plasticizers market is categorized into two product types viz. (websitegear.com)
  • ESBO is being used as the preferred substitute for phthalate plasticizers by major PVC manufacturers and suppliers globally. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Ester plasticizers are selected based upon cost-performance evaluation. (wikipedia.org)
  • The rubber compounder must evaluate ester plasticizers for compatibility, processibility, permanence and other performance properties. (wikipedia.org)
  • Phthalate ester plasticizers were determined in rivers and dams of the Venda region, South Africa. (scielo.org.za)
  • The classes of additives represented include: plasticizers, mold release agents, inorganic fillers, antistatic agents, anionic and cationic surfactants and colorants. (ftirsearch.com)
  • For example, elastomers with high glass transition temperatures (and correspondingly slow molecular motions) can be improved by adding low-temperature plasticizer s-i.e. (britannica.com)
  • Multicomponent plasticizer-containing starch-based composites are shown to be irregular elastomers and the stress-strain relation to be first defined by a hyperbolic tangent curve function and then by the tangent one. (springer.com)
  • It is widely used in the US, and is the most widely used plasticizer in Europe and is the second largest plasticizer in Asia. (icis.com)
  • While dioctyl sebacate (di(2-ethylhexyl) sebacate, or DOS) is a widely used plasticizer, it has become more challenging for companies to acquire sebacic acid-based plasticizers like DOS due to increasing costs, along with the uncertainty and lack of stable supply of sebacic acid. (pcimag.com)
  • is heated and mixed with plasticizer s, which are sometimes added in concentrations as high as 50 percent. (britannica.com)
  • The observed concentrations of these replacement non-phthalate plasticizer were as high as di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate, the most frequently detected phthalate plasticizer at highest concentration worldwide, in most of indoor dust samples. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • The most striking gaps in our current knowledge on the impacts of plasticizers on wildlife are the lack of data for long-term exposures to environmentally relevant concentrations and their ecotoxicity when part of complex mixtures. (royalsocietypublishing.org)