PLANTS, or their progeny, whose GENOME has been altered by GENETIC ENGINEERING.
Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)
Proteins found in plants (flowers, herbs, shrubs, trees, etc.). The concept does not include proteins found in vegetables for which VEGETABLE PROTEINS is available.
The usually underground portions of a plant that serve as support, store food, and through which water and mineral nutrients enter the plant. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982; Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)
The functional hereditary units of PLANTS.
Concentrated pharmaceutical preparations of plants obtained by removing active constituents with a suitable solvent, which is evaporated away, and adjusting the residue to a prescribed standard.
New immature growth of a plant including stem, leaves, tips of branches, and SEEDLINGS.
Plants whose roots, leaves, seeds, bark, or other constituent parts possess therapeutic, tonic, purgative, curative or other pharmacologic attributes, when administered to man or animals.
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of plants.
Processes orchestrated or driven by a plethora of genes, plant hormones, and inherent biological timing mechanisms facilitated by secondary molecules, which result in the systematic transformation of plants and plant parts, from one stage of maturity to another.
Plants or plant parts which are harmful to man or other animals.
Basic functional unit of plants.
Parts of plants that usually grow vertically upwards towards the light and support the leaves, buds, and reproductive structures. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)
The genetic complement of a plant (PLANTS) as represented in its DNA.
A plant genus of the family BRASSICACEAE that contains ARABIDOPSIS PROTEINS and MADS DOMAIN PROTEINS. The species A. thaliana is used for experiments in classical plant genetics as well as molecular genetic studies in plant physiology, biochemistry, and development.
An organism of the vegetable kingdom suitable by nature for use as a food, especially by human beings. Not all parts of any given plant are edible but all parts of edible plants have been known to figure as raw or cooked food: leaves, roots, tubers, stems, seeds, buds, fruits, and flowers. The most commonly edible parts of plants are FRUIT, usually sweet, fleshy, and succulent. Most edible plants are commonly cultivated for their nutritional value and are referred to as VEGETABLES.
The parts of plants, including SEEDS.
Any of the hormones produced naturally in plants and active in controlling growth and other functions. There are three primary classes: auxins, cytokinins, and gibberellins.
Proteins that originate from plants species belonging to the genus ARABIDOPSIS. The most intensely studied species of Arabidopsis, Arabidopsis thaliana, is commonly used in laboratory experiments.
The inherent or induced capacity of plants to withstand or ward off biological attack by pathogens.
A plant genus of the family SOLANACEAE. Members contain NICOTINE and other biologically active chemicals; its dried leaves are used for SMOKING.
A thin layer of cells forming the outer integument of seed plants and ferns. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Closable openings in the epidermis of plants on the underside of leaves. They allow the exchange of gases between the internal tissues of the plant and the outside atmosphere.
Members of the group of vascular plants which bear flowers. They are differentiated from GYMNOSPERMS by their production of seeds within a closed chamber (OVARY, PLANT). The Angiosperms division is composed of two classes, the monocotyledons (Liliopsida) and dicotyledons (Magnoliopsida). Angiosperms represent approximately 80% of all known living plants.
The encapsulated embryos of flowering plants. They are used as is or for animal feed because of the high content of concentrated nutrients like starches, proteins, and fats. Rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed are also produced for the oils (fats) they yield.
Poisoning by the ingestion of plants or its leaves, berries, roots or stalks. The manifestations in both humans and animals vary in severity from mild to life threatening. In animals, especially domestic animals, it is usually the result of ingesting moldy or fermented forage.
The loss of water vapor by plants to the atmosphere. It occurs mainly from the leaves through pores (stomata) whose primary function is gas exchange. The water is replaced by a continuous column of water moving upwards from the roots within the xylem vessels. (Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
A plant species of the family SOLANACEAE, native of South America, widely cultivated for their edible, fleshy, usually red fruit.
The reproductive organs of plants.
A localized proliferation of plant tissue forming a swelling or outgrowth, commonly with a characteristic shape and unlike any organ of the normal plant. Plant tumors or galls usually form in response to the action of a pathogen or a pest. (Holliday, P., A Dictionary of Plant Pathology, 1989, p330)
Complex nucleoprotein structures which contain the genomic DNA and are part of the CELL NUCLEUS of PLANTS.
The above-ground plant without the roots.
The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.
Material prepared from plants.
A plant species of the family POACEAE. It is a tall grass grown for its EDIBLE GRAIN, corn, used as food and animal FODDER.
Very young plant after GERMINATION of SEEDS.
The act of feeding on plants by animals.
Units that convert some other form of energy into electrical energy.
Total mass of all the organisms of a given type and/or in a given area. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990) It includes the yield of vegetative mass produced from any given crop.
The large family of plants characterized by pods. Some are edible and some cause LATHYRISM or FAVISM and other forms of poisoning. Other species yield useful materials like gums from ACACIA and various LECTINS like PHYTOHEMAGGLUTININS from PHASEOLUS. Many of them harbor NITROGEN FIXATION bacteria on their roots. Many but not all species of "beans" belong to this family.
Sugar-rich liquid produced in plant glands called nectaries. It is either produced in flowers or other plant structures, providing a source of attraction for pollinating insects and animals, as well as being a nutrient source to animal mutualists which provide protection of plants against herbivores.
Eighteen-carbon cyclopentyl polyunsaturated fatty acids derived from ALPHA-LINOLENIC ACID via an oxidative pathway analogous to the EICOSANOIDS in animals. Biosynthesis is inhibited by SALICYLATES. A key member, jasmonic acid of PLANTS, plays a similar role to ARACHIDONIC ACID in animals.
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
The outer layer of the woody parts of plants.
The relationship between two different species of organisms that are interdependent; each gains benefits from the other or a relationship between different species where both of the organisms in question benefit from the presence of the other.
The synthesis by organisms of organic chemical compounds, especially carbohydrates, from carbon dioxide using energy obtained from light rather than from the oxidation of chemical compounds. Photosynthesis comprises two separate processes: the light reactions and the dark reactions. In higher plants; GREEN ALGAE; and CYANOBACTERIA; NADPH and ATP formed by the light reactions drive the dark reactions which result in the fixation of carbon dioxide. (from Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 2001)
Physiological functions characteristic of plants.
A group of alicyclic hydrocarbons with the general formula R-C5H9.
Acetic acid derivatives of the heterocyclic compound indole. (Merck Index, 11th ed)
A plant species of the genus SOLANUM, family SOLANACEAE. The starchy roots are used as food. SOLANINE is found in green parts.
The unconsolidated mineral or organic matter on the surface of the earth that serves as a natural medium for the growth of land plants.
Systems of medicine based on cultural beliefs and practices handed down from generation to generation. The concept includes mystical and magical rituals (SPIRITUAL THERAPIES); PHYTOTHERAPY; and other treatments which may not be explained by modern medicine.
Substances released by PLANTS such as PLANT GUMS and PLANT RESINS.
A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
A compound obtained from the bark of the white willow and wintergreen leaves. It has bacteriostatic, fungicidal, and keratolytic actions.
Knobbed structures formed from and attached to plant roots, especially of LEGUMES, which result from symbiotic infection by nitrogen fixing bacteria such as RHIZOBIUM or FRANKIA. Root nodules are structures related to MYCORRHIZAE formed by symbiotic associations with fungi.
Protein or glycoprotein substances of plant origin that bind to sugar moieties in cell walls or membranes. Some carbohydrate-metabolizing proteins (ENZYMES) from PLANTS also bind to carbohydrates, however they are not considered lectins. Many plant lectins change the physiology of the membrane of BLOOD CELLS to cause agglutination, mitosis, or other biochemical changes. They may play a role in plant defense mechanisms.
The reproductive cells of plants.
Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.
Symbiotic combination (dual organism) of the MYCELIUM of FUNGI with the roots of plants (PLANT ROOTS). The roots of almost all higher plants exhibit this mutually beneficial relationship, whereby the fungus supplies water and mineral salts to the plant, and the plant supplies CARBOHYDRATES to the fungus. There are two major types of mycorrhizae: ectomycorrhizae and endomycorrhizae.
Use of plants or herbs to treat diseases or to alleviate pain.
A large family of narrow-leaved herbaceous grasses of the order Cyperales, subclass Commelinidae, class Liliopsida (monocotyledons). Food grains (EDIBLE GRAIN) come from members of this family. RHINITIS, ALLERGIC, SEASONAL can be induced by POLLEN of many of the grasses.
Plant cell inclusion bodies that contain the photosynthetic pigment CHLOROPHYLL, which is associated with the membrane of THYLAKOIDS. Chloroplasts occur in cells of leaves and young stems of plants. They are also found in some forms of PHYTOPLANKTON such as HAPTOPHYTA; DINOFLAGELLATES; DIATOMS; and CRYPTOPHYTA.
The failure of PLANTS to complete fertilization and obtain seed (SEEDS) as a result of defective POLLEN or ovules, or other aberrations. (Dict. of Plant Genet. and Mol. Biol., 1998)
The fertilizing element of plants that contains the male GAMETOPHYTES.
A plant genus of the family Cruciferae. It contains many species and cultivars used as food including cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, Brussel sprouts, kale, collard greens, MUSTARD PLANT; (B. alba, B. junica, and B. nigra), turnips (BRASSICA NAPUS) and rapeseed (BRASSICA RAPA).
The initial stages of the growth of SEEDS into a SEEDLINGS. The embryonic shoot (plumule) and embryonic PLANT ROOTS (radicle) emerge and grow upwards and downwards respectively. Food reserves for germination come from endosperm tissue within the seed and/or from the seed leaves (COTYLEDON). (Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)
A large plant family of the order Asterales, subclass Asteridae, class Magnoliopsida. The family is also known as Compositae. Flower petals are joined near the base and stamens alternate with the corolla lobes. The common name of "daisy" refers to several genera of this family including Aster; CHRYSANTHEMUM; RUDBECKIA; TANACETUM.
The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
Oils derived from plants or plant products.
The arrangement of two or more amino acid or base sequences from an organism or organisms in such a way as to align areas of the sequences sharing common properties. The degree of relatedness or homology between the sequences is predicted computationally or statistically based on weights assigned to the elements aligned between the sequences. This in turn can serve as a potential indicator of the genetic relatedness between the organisms.
Prolonged dry periods in natural climate cycle. They are slow-onset phenomena caused by rainfall deficit combined with other predisposing factors.
The study of the origin, structure, development, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of plants.
A kingdom of eukaryotic, heterotrophic organisms that live parasitically as saprobes, including MUSHROOMS; YEASTS; smuts, molds, etc. They reproduce either sexually or asexually, and have life cycles that range from simple to complex. Filamentous fungi, commonly known as molds, refer to those that grow as multicellular colonies.
A variable annual leguminous vine (Pisum sativum) that is cultivated for its rounded smooth or wrinkled edible protein-rich seeds, the seed of the pea, and the immature pods with their included seeds. (From Webster's New Collegiate Dictionary, 1973)
The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.
A plant genus of the family POACEAE that is the source of EDIBLE GRAIN. A hybrid with rye (SECALE CEREALE) is called TRITICALE. The seed is ground into FLOUR and used to make BREAD, and is the source of WHEAT GERM AGGLUTININS.
Abscission-accelerating plant growth substance isolated from young cotton fruit, leaves of sycamore, birch, and other plants, and from potatoes, lemons, avocados, and other fruits.
A class of organic compounds known as STEROLS or STEROIDS derived from plants.
An element with the atomic symbol N, atomic number 7, and atomic weight [14.00643; 14.00728]. Nitrogen exists as a diatomic gas and makes up about 78% of the earth's atmosphere by volume. It is a constituent of proteins and nucleic acids and found in all living cells.
A plant genus of the family POACEAE. The EDIBLE GRAIN, barley, is widely used as food.
A species of gram-negative, fluorescent, phytopathogenic bacteria in the genus PSEUDOMONAS. It is differentiated into approximately 50 pathovars with different plant pathogenicities and host specificities.
A class of plants within the Bryophyta comprising the mosses, which are found in both damp (including freshwater) and drier situations. Mosses possess erect or prostrate leafless stems, which give rise to leafless stalks bearing capsules. Spores formed in the capsules are released and grow to produce new plants. (Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990). Many small plants bearing the name moss are in fact not mosses. The "moss" found on the north side of trees is actually a green alga (CHLOROPHYTA). Irish moss is really a red alga (RHODOPHYTA). Beard lichen (beard moss), Iceland moss, oak moss, and reindeer moss are actually LICHENS. Spanish moss is a common name for both LICHENS and an air plant (TILLANDSIA usneoides) of the pineapple family. Club moss is an evergreen herb of the family LYCOPODIACEAE.
That portion of the electromagnetic spectrum in the visible, ultraviolet, and infrared range.
The capacity of an organism to defend itself against pathological processes or the agents of those processes. This most often involves innate immunity whereby the organism responds to pathogens in a generic way. The term disease resistance is used most frequently when referring to plants.
The protoplasm and plasma membrane of plant, fungal, bacterial or archaeon cells without the CELL WALL.
The process of cumulative change at the level of DNA; RNA; and PROTEINS, over successive generations.
Porphyrin derivatives containing magnesium that act to convert light energy in photosynthetic organisms.
A group of plant cells that are capable of dividing infinitely and whose main function is the production of new growth at the growing tip of a root or stem. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)
An annual legume. The SEEDS of this plant are edible and used to produce a variety of SOY FOODS.
A species of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria isolated from soil and the stems, leafs, and roots of plants. Some biotypes are pathogenic and cause the formation of PLANT TUMORS in a wide variety of higher plants. The species is a major research tool in biotechnology.
Self-replicating cytoplasmic organelles of plant and algal cells that contain pigments and may synthesize and accumulate various substances. PLASTID GENOMES are used in phylogenetic studies.
A family (Aphididae) of small insects, in the suborder Sternorrhyncha, that suck the juices of plants. Important genera include Schizaphis and Myzus. The latter is known to carry more than 100 virus diseases between plants.
A genus of gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that activate PLANT ROOT NODULATION in leguminous plants. Members of this genus are nitrogen-fixing and common soil inhabitants.
Woody, usually tall, perennial higher plants (Angiosperms, Gymnosperms, and some Pterophyta) having usually a main stem and numerous branches.
Change brought about to an organisms genetic composition by unidirectional transfer (TRANSFECTION; TRANSDUCTION, GENETIC; CONJUGATION, GENETIC, etc.) and incorporation of foreign DNA into prokaryotic or eukaryotic cells by recombination of part or all of that DNA into the cell's genome.
Organic compounds that have a relatively high VAPOR PRESSURE at room temperature.
A creeping annual plant species of the CUCURBITACEAE family. It has a rough succulent, trailing stem and hairy leaves with three to five pointed lobes.
Plant hormones that promote the separation of daughter cells after mitotic division of a parent cell. Frequently they are purine derivatives.
A technique for growing plants in culture solutions rather than in soil. The roots are immersed in an aerated solution containing the correct proportions of essential mineral salts. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)
Any of several BRASSICA species that are commonly called mustard. Brassica alba is white mustard, B. juncea is brown or Chinese mustard, and B. nigra is black, brown, or red mustard. The plant is grown both for mustard seed from which oil is extracted or used as SPICES, and for its greens used as VEGETABLES or ANIMAL FEED. There is no relationship to MUSTARD COMPOUNDS.
The unfavorable effect of environmental factors (stressors) on the physiological functions of an organism. Prolonged unresolved physiological stress can affect HOMEOSTASIS of the organism, and may lead to damaging or pathological conditions.
A large order of insects characterized by having the mouth parts adapted to piercing or sucking. It is comprised of four suborders: HETEROPTERA, Auchenorrhyncha, Sternorrhyncha, and Coleorrhyncha.
A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
An endosymbiont that is either a bacterium or fungus living part of its life in a plant. Endophytes can benefit host plants by preventing pathogenic organisms from colonizing them.
The variety of all native living organisms and their various forms and interrelationships.
A plant family of the order Solanales, subclass Asteridae. Among the most important are POTATOES; TOMATOES; CAPSICUM (green and red peppers); TOBACCO; and BELLADONNA.
The non-genetic biological changes of an organism in response to challenges in its ENVIRONMENT.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
A set of genes descended by duplication and variation from some ancestral gene. Such genes may be clustered together on the same chromosome or dispersed on different chromosomes. Examples of multigene families include those that encode the hemoglobins, immunoglobulins, histocompatibility antigens, actins, tubulins, keratins, collagens, heat shock proteins, salivary glue proteins, chorion proteins, cuticle proteins, yolk proteins, and phaseolins, as well as histones, ribosomal RNA, and transfer RNA genes. The latter three are examples of reiterated genes, where hundreds of identical genes are present in a tandem array. (King & Stanfield, A Dictionary of Genetics, 4th ed)
A division of the plant kingdom. Bryophyta contains the subdivision, Musci, which contains the classes: Andreaeopsida, BRYOPSIDA, and SPHAGNOPSIDA.
Seedless nonflowering plants of the class Filicinae. They reproduce by spores that appear as dots on the underside of feathery fronds. In earlier classifications the Pteridophyta included the club mosses, horsetails, ferns, and various fossil groups. In more recent classifications, pteridophytes and spermatophytes (seed-bearing plants) are classified in the Subkingdom Tracheobionta (also known as Tracheophyta).
The physical distribution of plants in various forms and stages of development through time and space.
A phylum of fungi which have cross-walls or septa in the mycelium. The perfect state is characterized by the formation of a saclike cell (ascus) containing ascospores. Most pathogenic fungi with a known perfect state belong to this phylum.
Single-stranded complementary DNA synthesized from an RNA template by the action of RNA-dependent DNA polymerase. cDNA (i.e., complementary DNA, not circular DNA, not C-DNA) is used in a variety of molecular cloning experiments as well as serving as a specific hybridization probe.
Plant tissue that carries water up the root and stem. Xylem cell walls derive most of their strength from LIGNIN. The vessels are similar to PHLOEM sieve tubes but lack companion cells and do not have perforated sides and pores.
A class of plant growth hormone isolated from cultures of Gibberella fujikuroi, a fungus causing Bakanae disease in rice. There are many different members of the family as well as mixtures of multiple members; all are diterpenoid acids based on the gibberellane skeleton.
A plant species of the family FABACEAE widely cultivated for ANIMAL FEED.
Gymnosperms are a group of vascular plants whose seeds are not enclosed by a ripened ovary (fruit), in contrast to ANGIOSPERMS whose seeds are surrounded by an ovary wall. The seeds of many gymnosperms (literally, "naked seed") are borne in cones and are not visible. Taxonomists now recognize four distinct divisions of extant gymnospermous plants (CONIFEROPHYTA; CYCADOPHYTA; GINKGOPHYTA; and GNETOPHYTA).
Facilities that convert NUCLEAR ENERGY into electrical energy.
The fleshy or dry ripened ovary of a plant, enclosing the seed or seeds.
The outermost layer of a cell in most PLANTS; BACTERIA; FUNGI; and ALGAE. The cell wall is usually a rigid structure that lies external to the CELL MEMBRANE, and provides a protective barrier against physical or chemical agents.
A plant genus of the family Plantaginaceae. The small plants usually have a dense tuft of basal leaves and long, leafless stalks bearing a terminal spike of small flowers. The seeds, known as PSYLLIUM, swell in water and are used as laxatives. The leaves have been used medicinally.
A system of traditional medicine which is based on the beliefs and practices of the African peoples. It includes treatment by medicinal plants and other materia medica as well as by the ministrations of diviners, medicine men, witch doctors, and sorcerers.
A plant genus in the family LILIACEAE (sometimes placed in Asparagaceae) that contains ECDYSTEROIDS and is an ingredient of Siotone. The shoots are used as a vegetable and the roots are used in FOLK MEDICINE.
A part of the embryo in a seed plant. The number of cotyledons is an important feature in classifying plants. In seeds without an endosperm, they store food which is used in germination. In some plants, they emerge above the soil surface and become the first photosynthetic leaves. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)
The mint plant family. They are characteristically aromatic, and many of them are cultivated for their oils. Most have square stems, opposite leaves, and two-lipped, open-mouthed, tubular corollas (united petals), with five-lobed, bell-like calyxes (united sepals).
The study of the actions and properties of medicinal agents, often derived from PLANTS, indigenous to populations or ETHNIC GROUPS.
The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in the soil. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms.
A test used to determine whether or not complementation (compensation in the form of dominance) will occur in a cell with a given mutant phenotype when another mutant genome, encoding the same mutant phenotype, is introduced into that cell.
A plant genus of the family CUCURBITACEAE, order Violales, subclass Dilleniidae, which includes pumpkin, gourd and squash.
A genus herbs of the Asteraceae family. The SEEDS yield oil and are used as food and animal feed; the roots of Helianthus tuberosus (Jerusalem artichoke) are edible.
The region of the stem beneath the stalks of the seed leaves (cotyledons) and directly above the young root of the embryo plant. It grows rapidly in seedlings showing epigeal germination and lifts the cotyledons above the soil surface. In this region (the transition zone) the arrangement of vascular bundles in the root changes to that of the stem. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)
The intracellular transfer of information (biological activation/inhibition) through a signal pathway. In each signal transduction system, an activation/inhibition signal from a biologically active molecule (hormone, neurotransmitter) is mediated via the coupling of a receptor/enzyme to a second messenger system or to an ion channel. Signal transduction plays an important role in activating cellular functions, cell differentiation, and cell proliferation. Examples of signal transduction systems are the GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID-postsynaptic receptor-calcium ion channel system, the receptor-mediated T-cell activation pathway, and the receptor-mediated activation of phospholipases. Those coupled to membrane depolarization or intracellular release of calcium include the receptor-mediated activation of cytotoxic functions in granulocytes and the synaptic potentiation of protein kinase activation. Some signal transduction pathways may be part of larger signal transduction pathways; for example, protein kinase activation is part of the platelet activation signal pathway.
A genus of gram negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria found in soil, plants, and marine mud.
A plant genus in the family FABACEAE which is the source of edible beans and the lectin PHYTOHEMAGGLUTININS.
A genus of PLANT VIRUSES, in the family CAULIMOVIRIDAE, that are transmitted by APHIDS in a semipersistent manner. Aphid-borne transmission of some caulimoviruses requires certain virus-coded proteins termed transmission factors.
A plant species of the family BRASSICACEAE best known for the edible roots.
A plant species of the family FABACEAE used to study GENETICS because it is DIPLOID, self fertile, has a small genome, and short generation time.
The relationship between an invertebrate and another organism (the host), one of which lives at the expense of the other. Traditionally excluded from definition of parasites are pathogenic BACTERIA; FUNGI; VIRUSES; and PLANTS; though they may live parasitically.
The interactions between a host and a pathogen, usually resulting in disease.
A nonmetallic element with atomic symbol C, atomic number 6, and atomic weight [12.0096; 12.0116]. It may occur as several different allotropes including DIAMOND; CHARCOAL; and GRAPHITE; and as SOOT from incompletely burned fuel.
A mitosporic Leotiales fungal genus of plant pathogens. It has teleomorphs in the genus Botryotina.
Higher plants that live primarily in terrestrial habitats, although some are secondarily aquatic. Most obtain their energy from PHOTOSYNTHESIS. They comprise the vascular and non-vascular plants.
Any of the various plants of the genus Lactuca, especially L. sativa, cultivated for its edible leaves. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)
Eukaryotes in the group STRAMENOPILES, formerly considered FUNGI, whose exact taxonomic level is unsettled. Many consider Oomycetes (Oomycota) a phylum in the kingdom Stramenopila, or alternatively, as Pseudofungi in the phylum Heterokonta of the kingdom Chromista. They are morphologically similar to fungi but have no close phylogenetic relationship to them. Oomycetes are found in both fresh and salt water as well as in terrestrial environments. (Alexopoulos et al., Introductory Mycology, 4th ed, pp683-4). They produce flagellated, actively motile spores (zoospores) that are pathogenic to many crop plants and FISHES.
Short sequences (generally about 10 base pairs) of DNA that are complementary to sequences of messenger RNA and allow reverse transcriptases to start copying the adjacent sequences of mRNA. Primers are used extensively in genetic and molecular biology techniques.
A family of sterols commonly found in plants and plant oils. Alpha-, beta-, and gamma-isomers have been characterized.
Adaptation to a new environment or to a change in the old.
A plant species of the family APIACEAE that is widely cultivated for the edible yellow-orange root. The plant has finely divided leaves and flat clusters of small white flowers.
The determination of the pattern of genes expressed at the level of GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION, under specific circumstances or in a specific cell.
The spurge family of flowering plants, in the order Euphorbiales, contains some 7,500 species in 275 genera. The family consists of annual and perennial herbs and woody shrubs or trees.
The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.
Non-native organisms brought into a region, habitat, or ECOSYSTEM by human activity.
The total process by which organisms produce offspring. (Stedman, 25th ed)
The gourd plant family of the order Violales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida. It is sometimes placed in its own order, Cucurbitales. 'Melon' generally refers to CUCUMIS; CITRULLUS; or MOMORDICA.
Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.
Plant proteins that mediate LIGHT SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION. They are involved in PHOTOTROPISM and other light adaption responses during plant growth and development . They include the phototropins, phytochromes (PHYTOCHROME), and members of the ubiquitous cryptochrome family.
A plant genus of the family LAMIACEAE best known for the thyme spice added to foods.
A mitosporic Hypocreales fungal genus, various species of which are important parasitic pathogens of plants and a variety of vertebrates. Teleomorphs include GIBBERELLA.
A group of FLAVONOIDS derived from FLAVONOLS, which lack the ketone oxygen at the 4-position. They are glycosylated versions of cyanidin, pelargonidin or delphinidin. The conjugated bonds result in blue, red, and purple colors in flowers of plants.
A plant genus of the family POACEAE. The grain is used for FOOD and for ANIMAL FEED. This should not be confused with KAFFIR LIME or with KEFIR milk product.
Pesticides used to destroy unwanted vegetation, especially various types of weeds, grasses (POACEAE), and woody plants. Some plants develop HERBICIDE RESISTANCE.
Cellular processes in biosynthesis (anabolism) and degradation (catabolism) of CARBOHYDRATES.
Proteins found in any species of bacterium.
A sequence of amino acids in a polypeptide or of nucleotides in DNA or RNA that is similar across multiple species. A known set of conserved sequences is represented by a CONSENSUS SEQUENCE. AMINO ACID MOTIFS are often composed of conserved sequences.
A plant family of the order Arales, subclass Arecidae, class Liliopsida (monocot). Many members contain OXALIC ACID and calcium oxalate (OXALATES).
The process in certain BACTERIA; FUNGI; and CYANOBACTERIA converting free atmospheric NITROGEN to biologically usable forms of nitrogen, such as AMMONIA; NITRATES; and amino compounds.
A plant genus of the family ROSACEAE known for the edible fruit.
A carboxy-lyase that plays a key role in photosynthetic carbon assimilation in the CALVIN-BENSON CYCLE by catalyzing the formation of 3-phosphoglycerate from ribulose 1,5-biphosphate and CARBON DIOXIDE. It can also utilize OXYGEN as a substrate to catalyze the synthesis of 2-phosphoglycolate and 3-phosphoglycerate in a process referred to as photorespiration.
Substituted thioglucosides. They are found in rapeseed (Brassica campestris) products and related cruciferae. They are metabolized to a variety of toxic products which are most likely the cause of hepatocytic necrosis in animals and humans.
The most abundant natural aromatic organic polymer found in all vascular plants. Lignin together with cellulose and hemicellulose are the major cell wall components of the fibers of all wood and grass species. Lignin is composed of coniferyl, p-coumaryl, and sinapyl alcohols in varying ratios in different plant species. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
INSECTS of the order Coleoptera, containing over 350,000 species in 150 families. They possess hard bodies and their mouthparts are adapted for chewing.
The process of germ cell development in plants, from the primordial PLANT GERM CELLS to the mature haploid PLANT GAMETES.
Mutagenesis where the mutation is caused by the introduction of foreign DNA sequences into a gene or extragenic sequence. This may occur spontaneously in vivo or be experimentally induced in vivo or in vitro. Proviral DNA insertions into or adjacent to a cellular proto-oncogene can interrupt GENETIC TRANSLATION of the coding sequences or interfere with recognition of regulatory elements and cause unregulated expression of the proto-oncogene resulting in tumor formation.
Flammable, amorphous, vegetable products of secretion or disintegration, usually formed in special cavities of plants. They are generally insoluble in water and soluble in alcohol, carbon tetrachloride, ether, or volatile oils. They are fusible and have a conchoidal fracture. They are the oxidation or polymerization products of the terpenes, and are mixtures of aromatic acids and esters. Most are soft and sticky, but harden after exposure to cold. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed & Dorland, 28th ed)
A phylum of fungi that produce their sexual spores (basidiospores) on the outside of the basidium. It includes forms commonly known as mushrooms, boletes, puffballs, earthstars, stinkhorns, bird's-nest fungi, jelly fungi, bracket or shelf fungi, and rust and smut fungi.
Degree of saltiness, which is largely the OSMOLAR CONCENTRATION of SODIUM CHLORIDE plus any other SALTS present. It is an ecological factor of considerable importance, influencing the types of organisms that live in an ENVIRONMENT.
The absence of light.
Interruption or suppression of the expression of a gene at transcriptional or translational levels.
A ubiquitous sodium salt that is commonly used to season food.
High molecular weight polysaccharides present in the cell walls of all plants. Pectins cement cell walls together. They are used as emulsifiers and stabilizers in the food industry. They have been tried for a variety of therapeutic uses including as antidiarrheals, where they are now generally considered ineffective, and in the treatment of hypercholesterolemia.
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of bacteria.
One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.
RNA sequences that serve as templates for protein synthesis. Bacterial mRNAs are generally primary transcripts in that they do not require post-transcriptional processing. Eukaryotic mRNA is synthesized in the nucleus and must be exported to the cytoplasm for translation. Most eukaryotic mRNAs have a sequence of polyadenylic acid at the 3' end, referred to as the poly(A) tail. The function of this tail is not known for certain, but it may play a role in the export of mature mRNA from the nucleus as well as in helping stabilize some mRNA molecules by retarding their degradation in the cytoplasm.
A plant species of the genus VICIA, family FABACEAE. The edible beans are well known but they cause FAVISM in some individuals with GLUCOSEPHOSPHATE DEHYDROGENASE DEFICIENCY. This plant contains vicine, convicine, Vicia lectins, unknown seed protein, AAP2 transport protein, and Vicia faba DNA-binding protein 1.
Large and highly vacuolated cells possessing many chloroplasts occuring in the interior cross-section of leaves, juxtaposed between the epidermal layers.
The external elements and conditions which surround, influence, and affect the life and development of an organism or population.
A blue-green biliprotein widely distributed in the plant kingdom.
A plant family of the order Selaginellales, class Lycopodiopsida, division Lycopodiophyta, subkingdom Tracheobionta. Members contain bilobetin. The rarely used common name of resurrection plant is mainly used with CRATEROSTIGMA.
Endogenous substances, usually proteins, which are effective in the initiation, stimulation, or termination of the genetic transcription process.
A monocot family within the order Liliales. This family is divided by some botanists into other families such as Convallariaceae, Hyacinthaceae and Amaryllidaceae. Amaryllidaceae, which have inferior ovaries, includes CRINUM; GALANTHUS; LYCORIS; and NARCISSUS and are known for AMARYLLIDACEAE ALKALOIDS.
Substances or mixtures that are added to the soil to supply nutrients or to make available nutrients already present in the soil, in order to increase plant growth and productivity.
The ability of organisms to sense and adapt to high concentrations of salt in their growth environment.
Partial cDNA (DNA, COMPLEMENTARY) sequences that are unique to the cDNAs from which they were derived.
Recombinant proteins produced by the GENETIC TRANSLATION of fused genes formed by the combination of NUCLEIC ACID REGULATORY SEQUENCES of one or more genes with the protein coding sequences of one or more genes.
Directed modification of the gene complement of a living organism by such techniques as altering the DNA, substituting genetic material by means of a virus, transplanting whole nuclei, transplanting cell hybrids, etc.
A plant genus of the family RUTACEAE. They bear the familiar citrus fruits including oranges, grapefruit, lemons, and limes. There are many hybrids which makes the nomenclature confusing.
A cluster of FLOWERS (as opposed to a solitary flower) arranged on a main stem of a plant.
Substances found in PLANTS that have antigenic activity.

Activation of systemic acquired silencing by localised introduction of DNA. (1/2829)

BACKGROUND: In plants, post-transcriptional gene silencing results in RNA degradation after transcription. Among tobacco transformants carrying a nitrate reductase (Nia) construct under the control of the cauliflower mosaic virus 35S promoter (35S-Nia2), one class of transformants spontaneously triggers Nia post-transcriptional gene silencing (class II) whereas another class does not (class I). Non-silenced plants of both classes become silenced when grafted onto silenced stocks, indicating the existence of a systemic silencing signal. Graft-transmitted silencing is maintained in class II but not in class I plants when removed from silenced stocks, indicating similar requirements for spontaneous triggering and maintenance. RESULTS: Introduction of 35S-Nia2 DNA by the gene transfer method called biolistics led to localised acquired silencing (LAS) in bombarded leaves of wild-type, class I and class II plants, and to systemic acquired silencing (SAS) in class II plants. SAS occurred even if the targeted leaf was removed 2 days after bombardment, indicating that the systemic signal is produced, transmitted and amplified rapidly. SAS was activated by sense, antisense and promoterless Nia2 DNA constructs, indicating that transcription is not required although it does stimulate SAS. CONCLUSIONS: SAS was activated by biolistic introduction of promoterless constructs, indicating that the DNA itself is a potent activator of post-transcriptional gene silencing. The systemic silencing signal invaded the whole plant by cell-to-cell and long-distance propagation, and reamplification of the signal.  (+info)

Determination of pyrolysis products of smoked methamphetamine mixed with tobacco by tandem mass spectrometry. (2/2829)

This study examines the pyrolysis products of smoked methamphetamine mixed with tobacco that was trapped with a C8 adsorbent cartridge and then detected by gas chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. According to the results, the mainstream smoke contains 2-methylpropyl-benzene, 2-chloropropyl-benzene, 2,3-dihydro-3,5-dihydroxy-6-methyl-4H-pyran-4-one, 3-ethyl-phenol, methamphetamine, dimethylamphetamine, hydroquinone, 3-methyl-5-(1-methylethyl)-methylcarbamate phenol, N-methyl-N-(2-phenylethyl)-acetamide, 4-(3-hydroxy-1-butenyl)-3,5,5-trimethyl-2-cyclohexene-1-one, propanoic acid, N-acetylmethamphetamine, phenyl ester, and furfurylmethylamphetamine. In addition, the compounds in sidestream smoke are 2-propenyl benzene, phenylacetone, methamphetamine, dimethylamphetamine, benzyl methyl ketoxime, 3,4-dihydro-2-naphthalenone, N-folmyamphetamine, N-acetylamphetamine, bibenzyl, N-folmylmethamphetamine, N-acetylmethamphetamine, N-propionymethamphetamine, and furfurylmethylamphetamine. Moreover, the presence of methamphetamine promotes the oxidation of the tobacco components.  (+info)

Biophysical characterization of a designed TMV coat protein mutant, R46G, that elicits a moderate hypersensitivity response in Nicotiana sylvestris. (3/2829)

The hypersensitivity resistance response directed by the N' gene in Nicotiana sylvestris is elicited by the tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) coat protein R46G, but not by the U1 wild-type TMV coat protein. In this study, the structural and hydrodynamic properties of R46G and wild-type coat proteins were compared for variations that may explain N' gene elicitation. Circular dichroism spectroscopy reveals no significant secondary or tertiary structural differences between the elicitor and nonelicitor coat proteins. Analytical ultracentrifugation studies, however, do show different concentration dependencies of the weight average sedimentation coefficients at 4 degrees C. Viral reconstitution kinetics at 20 degrees C were used to determine viral assembly rates and as an initial assay of the rate of 20S formation, the obligate species for viral reconstitution. These kinetic results reveal a decreased lag time for reconstitution performed with R46G that initially lack the 20S aggregate. However, experiments performed with 20S initially present reveal no detectable differences indicating that the mechanism of viral assembly is similar for the two coat protein species. Therefore, an increased rate of 20S formation from R46G subunits may explain the differences in the viral reconstitution lag times. The inferred increase in the rate of 20S formation is verified by direct measurement of the 20S boundary as a function of time at 20 degrees C using velocity sedimentation analysis. These results are consistent with the interpretation that there may be an altered size distribution and/or lifetime of the small coat protein aggregates in elicitors that allows N. sylvestris to recognize the invading virus.  (+info)

Rational analyses of organelle trajectories in tobacco pollen tubes reveal characteristics of the actomyosin cytoskeleton. (4/2829)

To gain insight into the characteristics of organelle movement and the underlying actomyosin motility system in tobacco pollen tubes, we collected data points representing sequential organelle positions in control and cytochalasin-treated cells, and in a sample of extruded cytoplasm. These data were utilized to reconstruct approximately 900 tracks, representing individual organelle movements, and to produce a quantitative analysis of the movement properties, supported by statistical tests. Each reconstructed track appeared to be unique and to show irregularities in velocity and direction of movement. The regularity quotient was near 2 at the tip and above 3 elsewhere in the cell, indicating that movement is more vectorial in the tube area. Similarly, the progressiveness ratio showed that there were relatively more straight trajectories in the tube region than at the tip. Consistent with these data, arithmetical dissection revealed a high degree of randomlike movement in the apex, lanes with tip-directed movement along the flanks, and grain-directed movement in the center of the tube. Intercalated lanes with bidirectional movement had lower organelle velocity, suggesting that steric hindrance plays a role. The results from the movement analysis indicate that the axial arrangement of the actin filaments and performance of the actomyosin system increases from tip to base, and that the opposite polarity of the actin filaments in the peripheral (+-ends of acting filaments toward the tip) versus the central cytoplasm (+-ends of actin filaments toward to the grain) is installed within a few minutes in these tip-growing cells.  (+info)

Enhanced resistance to bacterial diseases of transgenic tobacco plants overexpressing sarcotoxin IA, a bactericidal peptide of insect. (5/2829)

Sarcotoxin IA is a bactericidal peptide of 39 amino acids found in the common flesh fly, Sarcophaga peregrina. Many agronomically important bacteria in Japan are killed by this peptide at sub-micro molar levels, and the growth of tobacco and rice suspension cultured cells is not inhibited with less than 25 microM. Transgenic tobacco plants which overexpress the peptide, i.e. over 250 pmol per gram of fresh leaf, under the control of a high expression constitutive promoter showed enhanced resistance to the pathogens for wild fire disease (Pseudomonas syringae pv. tabaci) and bacterial soft rot disease (Erwinia carotovora subsp. carotovora).  (+info)

Overexpression of the Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) Cry2Aa2 protein in chloroplasts confers resistance to plants against susceptible and Bt-resistant insects. (6/2829)

Evolving levels of resistance in insects to the bioinsecticide Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) can be dramatically reduced through the genetic engineering of chloroplasts in plants. When transgenic tobacco leaves expressing Cry2Aa2 protoxin in chloroplasts were fed to susceptible, Cry1A-resistant (20,000- to 40,000-fold) and Cry2Aa2-resistant (330- to 393-fold) tobacco budworm Heliothis virescens, cotton bollworm Helicoverpa zea, and the beet armyworm Spodoptera exigua, 100% mortality was observed against all insect species and strains. Cry2Aa2 was chosen for this study because of its toxicity to many economically important insect pests, relatively low levels of cross-resistance against Cry1A-resistant insects, and its expression as a protoxin instead of a toxin because of its relatively small size (65 kDa). Southern blot analysis confirmed stable integration of cry2Aa2 into all of the chloroplast genomes (5, 000-10,000 copies per cell) of transgenic plants. Transformed tobacco leaves expressed Cry2Aa2 protoxin at levels between 2% and 3% of total soluble protein, 20- to 30-fold higher levels than current commercial nuclear transgenic plants. These results suggest that plants expressing high levels of a nonhomologous Bt protein should be able to overcome or at the very least, significantly delay, broad spectrum Bt-resistance development in the field.  (+info)

Mg-chelatase of tobacco: the role of the subunit CHL D in the chelation step of protoporphyrin IX. (7/2829)

The Mg-chelation is found to be a prerequisite to direct protoporphyrin IX into the chlorophyll (Chl)-synthesizing branch of the tetrapyrrol pathway. The ATP-dependent insertion of magnesium into protoporphyrin IX is catalyzed by the enzyme Mg-chelatase, which consists of three protein subunits (CHL D, CHL I, and CHL H). We have chosen the Mg-chelatase from tobacco to obtain more information about the mode of molecular action of this complex enzyme by elucidating the interactions in vitro and in vivo between the central subunit CHL D and subunits CHL I and CHL H. We dissected CHL D in defined peptide fragments and assayed for the essential part of CHL D for protein-protein interaction and enzyme activity. Surprisingly, only a small part of CHL D, i.e., 110 aa, was required for interaction with the partner subunits and maintenance of the enzyme activity. In addition, it could be demonstrated that CHL D is capable of forming homodimers. Moreover, it interacted with both CHL I and CHL H. Our data led to the outline of a two-step model based on the cooperation of the subunits for the chelation process.  (+info)

Expression of alfalfa mosaic virus coat protein in tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) deficient in the production of its native coat protein supports long-distance movement of a chimeric TMV. (8/2829)

Alfalfa mosaic virus (AlMV) coat protein is involved in systemic infection of host plants, and a specific mutation in this gene prevents the virus from moving into the upper uninoculated leaves. The coat protein also is required for different viral functions during early and late infection. To study the role of the coat protein in long-distance movement of AlMV independent of other vital functions during virus infection, we cloned the gene encoding the coat protein of AlMV into a tobacco mosaic virus (TMV)-based vector Av. This vector is deficient in long-distance movement and is limited to locally inoculated leaves because of the lack of native TMV coat protein. Expression of AlMV coat protein, directed by the subgenomic promoter of TMV coat protein in Av, supported systemic infection with the chimeric virus in Nicotiana benthamiana, Nicotiana tabacum MD609, and Spinacia oleracea. The host range of TMV was extended to include spinach as a permissive host. Here we report the alteration of a host range by incorporating genetic determinants from another virus.  (+info)

TY - JOUR. T1 - Protective effect of glutathione on the cytotoxicity caused by a combination of aluminum and iron in suspension-cultured tobacco cells. AU - Yamaguchi, Yukiko. AU - Yamamoto, Yoko. AU - Ikegawa, Hiroshi. AU - Matsumoto, Hideaki. PY - 1999/3. Y1 - 1999/3. N2 - The role of endogenous glutathione (GSH) in the protection of suspension-cultured tobacco cells from aluminum (Al) toxicity was examined. Cells at the logarithmic phase of growth were treated with or without A1 in nutrient medium prepared without P(i) and EDTA. In the absence of A1, total GSH content (including oxidized glutathione [GSSG]) increased gradually. In the presence of Al, the increase of GSH was repressed. This effect was observed before the loss of plasma membrane integrity and the loss of cell viability. In contrast, GSSG content in cells increased in the presence of A1. GSH-deprived cells were prepared by culturing cells with buthionine sulfoximine (an inhibitor of γ-glutamylcysteine synthetase) for 24 h. ...
Read Manipulation of the napin primary structure alters its packaging and deposition in transgenic tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.) seeds, Plant Molecular Biology on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
The cell line of tobacco cultivar BY-2 (Nicotiana tabacum L. cv. Bright Yellow No.2) is one of the most commonly used in plant cell biology. The purpose of this study was to follow the intracellular localization of protein of unknown function from maize (ZmMAB1) during the cell cycle. Synchronization of the cell cycle of tobacco BY-2 cells in the liquid medium was achieved by careful selection of initial dilution, degree of differentiation and subculturing period. In the cell culture which was left two weeks without subculturing, cells became differentiated and mature but after resubculturing in fresh medium, they began to divide, and the third day they reach the highest mitotic index. Visualization of microtubules allowed the identification of particular stages of mitosis, and that was achieved by flourescently labeled protein MAP-4. The maize protein ZmMAB1 labeled with red fluorescent protein showed its colocalization with the microtubules during division ...
Read Identification of a Nicotiana plumbaginifolia Plasma Membrane H+-ATPase Gene Expressed in the Pollen Tube, Plant Molecular Biology on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
Search Indian Bright Yellow Sulphur Manufacturers and Suppliers Details - Contact to Bright Yellow Sulphur Exporters in India, Bright Yellow Sulphur Wholesalers, Bright Yellow Sulphur Distributors and Traders from India.
Sеnеscеnciја listа prеdstаvlја kоmplеksnu, gеnеtički kоntrоlisаnu pоslеdnju fаzu оntоgеnеzе listа kоја rеzultirа kооrdinisаnоm rаzgrаdnjоm mаkrоmоlеkulа i mоbilizаciјоm njеgоvih kоmpоnеnti u drugе dеlоvе bilјkе. Nа ćеliјskоm nivоu, оnа оbuhvаtа prоmеnе strukturе, mеtаbоlizmа i gеnskе еksprеsiје kоје dоvоdе dо smrti, čiјi sе tip оznаčаvа kао prоgrаmirаnа ćеliјskа smrt (PCD). Kао еkspеrimеntаlni mоdеl u оvоm rаdu kоrišćеnе su in vitro gајеnе bilјkе duvаnа (Nicotiana tabacum L.) kоје оbеzbеđuјu sеt listоvа u kојimа pоstојi grаdаciја sеnеscеnciје. Istrаživаnjе је оbuhvаtilо citоhistоlоšku i imunоhistоhеmiјsku аnаlizu dinаmikе strukturnih prоmеnа mеzоfilа listоvа, kао i ispitivаnjе mеtаbоličkih, biоhеmiјskih i mоlеkulаrnih prоcеsа tоkоm sеnеscеnciје listа. Utvrđеn је rеdоslеd ...
Interaction of sulfur and nitrogen nutrition in tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) plants: significance of nitrogen source and root nitrate reductase ...
Ion fluxes and the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) are early events that follow elicitor treatment or microbial infection. However, molecular mechanisms for these responses as well as their relationship have been controversial and still largely unknown. We here simultaneously monitored the temporal sequence of initial events at the plasma membrane in suspension-cultured tobacco cells (cell line BY-2) in response to a purified proteinaceous elicitor, cryptogein, which induced hypersensitive cell death. The elicitor induced transient rise in cytosolic Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]cyt) showing two distinct peaks, followed by biphasic (rapid/transient and slow/prolonged) Cl- efflux and H+ influx. Pharmacological analyses suggested that the two phases of the [Ca2+]cyt response correspond to Ca2+ influx through the plasma membrane and an inositol 1,4,5-trisphophate-mediated release of Ca2+ from intracellular Ca2+ stores, respectively, and the [Ca2+]cyt transients and the Cl- efflux were ...
Proteinase inhibitors and thionins are among the many proteins thought to have a role in plant defence against pests and pathogens. Complementary DNA clones encoding the precursors of a multi-domain proteinase inhibitor from Nicotiana alata Link et Otto (NA-PI) (Mr approximately 43 000) and a β-hordothionin (β-HTH) (Mr approximately 13 000) from barley, were linked to constitutive promoters and subsequently transferred by Agrobacterium-mediated transformation into tobacco. The NA-PI and β-HTH precursor proteins were synthesised and post-translationally processed in transgenic tobacco and accumulated as polypeptides of apparent size Mr approximately 6000 and Mr approximately 8500, respectively. The na-pi and β-hth genes were stably inherited for at least two generations. Transgenic tobacco plants containing the highest amounts of NA-PI and β-HTH were crossed to produce plants containing both genes. Helicoverpa armigera (tobacco budworm) larvae that ingested transgenic tobacco leaves ...
Sigma-Aldrich offers abstracts and full-text articles by [Nicolas Amelot, Audrey Carrouche, Saïda Danoun, Stéphane Bourque, Jacques Haiech, Alain Pugin, Raoul Ranjeva, Jacqueline Grima-Pettenati, Christian Mazars, Christian Briere].
This institute contributes to the education of students in Graduate School for Environmental and Life Science (Masters and Doctors Degree Course of Okayama University).
TY - JOUR. T1 - Measurement of stress-induced Ca2+ pulses in single aequorin-transformed tobacco cells. AU - Cessna, S. G.. AU - Messerli, M. A.. AU - Robinson, K. R.. AU - Low, Philip. PY - 2001/1/1. Y1 - 2001/1/1. N2 - Signaling patterns measured in large cell populations are the sum of differing signals from separate cells, and thus, the detailed kinetics of Ca2+ pulses can often be masked. In an effort to evaluate whether the cytosolic Ca2+ pulses previously reported in populations of elicitor- and stress-stimulated tobacco cells accurately represent the pulses that occur in individual cells, a study of single cell Ca2+ fluxes in stress-stimulated tobacco cells was undertaken. Individual aequorin-transformed cells were isolated from a tobacco suspension culture and placed directly on a sensitive photo-multiplier tube mounted in a dark chamber. Ca2+-dependent luminescence was then monitored after stimulation with hypo- or hyper-osmotic shock, cold shock, or defense elicitors ...
Last night I had bright yellow liquid (watery) come out of my right nostril. I went to the doctor today but they dont know what it is. I have had clear watery liquid come out before like this but ne...
Abstract Using single-copy conserved ortholog set (COSII) and simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers, we have constructed two genetic maps for diploid Nicotiana species, N. tomentosi..
The tobacco plant could be used to fight cancer cells in humans in the future.. A molecule found in a variety of flowering tobacco plant could hold the key to beating cancer in years to come.. Dr. Mark Hulett, lead researcher at La Trobe University, Australia where the discovery was made said: “There is some irony in the fact that a powerful defence mechanism against cancer is found in the flower of a species of tobacco plant, but this is a welcome discovery.†According to Dr. Hullet, the main problem with current treatments is that they attack cells indiscriminately, whether they are cancerous or not.. NaD1, the protein responsible for defending the tobacco plant against fungi and bacteria uses a different approach, which may prove revolutionary.. The molecule works by using a pincer-like structure to latch onto lipids in the membrane of cancer cells, causing them to rupture and explode.. Unlike current cancer treatment, NaD1 targets affected cells whilst leaving healthy cells ...
Nicotiana Tabacum, Tobacco. This agent is too irregular in action to be a safe internal remedy. Squibbs Nicotine is a nerve sedative and relaxant of value in strychnine poisoning in doses of I -64 to...
Tobacco etch virus ATCC ® PV-69™ Designation: Application: Host plant from which virus was purified: Nicotiana tabacum cv. Plant research
The first thing you should do is closely examine the head of the cigar - this is the closed end that needs to be clipped. Almost all have what is called a cap - a bit of tobacco leaf used to close of the end - you should be able to see how far down the length of the cigar the cap goes by inspection. Typically only a 1/4″ - 3/8″ or so; sometimes much less, and on figurado shapes sometimes quite longer. Anyhow wherever the cap stops is your cutting limit - cut beneath the caps line or even too close and your cigar will start to unwravel, and as you pointed out this is extremely unpleasant. Typically I cut the minimal possible while trying to open approx. 75%-85% of the cigar ends surface area. Sometimes this means a cut as little as 1/32″ down, where other times almost 3/8″ - it depends entirely on the individual cigars roll and cap construction. The single bladed cheapie cutters that most newbies are given or buy for $3 typically do a very poor job of clipping the cap, and result ...
DARVISHZADEH, Reza et al. Genetic variation in oriental tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.) by agro-morphological traits and simple sequence repeat markers. Rev. Ciênc. Agron. [online]. 2013, vol.44, n.2, pp.347-355. ISSN 1806-6690. The objectives of this study were to assess genetic diversity and determine differences between several oriental tobacco genotypes by examining both agro-morphological traits and molecular markers. Simple lattice design with two replications was used to evaluate 100 oriental tobacco genotypes. Analysis of variance manifested that there is high level of genetic diversity in oriental-type tobaccos based on morphological traits including number of leaf, days to 50% flowering, leaf length, leaf width, leaf fresh weight, leaf dry weight, stem height and stem girth. Classification of genotypes using agro-morphological data by means of un-weighted pair-group method using arithmetic average (UPGMA) algorithm based on squared ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - In vitro translation products of mrnas derived from TMV-infected tobacco exhibiting a hypersensitive response. AU - Smart, Thomas E.. AU - Dunigan, David D.. AU - Zaitlin, Milton. PY - 1987/6. Y1 - 1987/6. N2 - Expression of the hypersensitive response (HSR) to tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) infection in Nicotiana tabacum L. cv. Xanthi-nc (genotype NN) is controlled by the single dominant N gene and is temperature sensitive. TMV-infected Xanthi-nc tobacco plants grown at the HSR-restrictive temperature of 31° for 3 days postinoculation show necrosis approximately 8 hr after the temperature shift to the HSR-permissive temperature of 25°. Both polyribosomal and total cytoplasmic poly(A)-containing RNAs were isolated at various times after the temperature shift from leaves of TMV-infected and mock-infected Xanthi-nc tobacco plants and from TMV-infected Turkish Samsun tobacco plants (genotype nn; systemic for TMV infection). The RNAs were translated in vitro and the products were ...
Two pathways for the transport of integral membrane proteins appear to exist in protoplasts of suspension-cultured tobacco cells, as Jiang and Rogers (1998) have recently demonstrated by using chimeric integral membrane reporter proteins. Whereas γ-TIP and BP-80 seemed to share the same vesicular pathway to the prevacuolar compartment of these cells, α-TIP did not colocalize in the same transport compartments. Instead, after leaving the ER, α-TIP apparently reached an undefined compartment, bypassing the Golgi apparatus. In contrast to these results, α-TIP does indeed pass through the Golgi apparatus of developing pea cotyledons. Furthermore, because ,90% of the dense vesicles were significantly labeled with α-TIP antibodies in situ and because nearly all of the dense vesicles were also labeled with antibodies raised against the two storage proteins vicilin and legumin (Hohl et al., 1996), α-TIP seems to be cotransported with the storage protein precursor polypeptides along the same ...
Bright yellow was all the rage at the 2012 Emmys and has been showing up ever since on the red carpet and in celebrity candids as well. Whether it be Big Bird or mustard, bright yellow is hot right now and I have no doubt it will be a favorite at the upcoming Golden Globes Awards. 2012…
Childrens Bright Yellow Wooden Bookcase Blue Ticking. Knowing how big and elevation of your Childrens bright yellow fantastic banquette chair wooden bookcase blue ticking, now you can consider the type. You can opt for your simple square desk, carved table, fantastic banquette chair table or fold table. Additionally...
How to Choose the Right Moist Snuff for You. Moist snuff is a smokeless tobacco product that is consumed by placing it into your mouth between the lip and the gum. These kinds of tobacco and nicotine products are known as dip, and using...
Learn why meal replacement shakes and protein powders turn your urine bright yellow and if this is cause for concern, plus a healthier smoothie recipe to make instead
Rugged one piece lightweight polyethylene spineboard Twelve large hand holes for easy handling, built in runners, Low profile and X-ray translucent. Junkin Plastic Backboard, Bright Yellow
The RbcS genes encode the small subunits of rubisco; the expression of these genes is controlled in a light-dependent and independent manner. It has been reported that intracellular calmodulin (CaM) is involved in light-dependent RbcS expression. In this report, the role of extracellular CaM in regulating expression of RbcS in darkness was examined. The time course of expression of RbcS-GUS and that of the secretion of CaM in the suspended transgenic tobacco cells in darkness were very similar. Both showed initial increase followed by decline with maximum CaM secretion preceding maximum GUS expression by 24 h. The concentration of CaM in the culture medium is regulated light independently. Purified CaM alone added to the media enhanced RbcS-GUS expression in darkness. The addition of membrane-impermeable CaM inhibitors, such as anti-CaM antiserum or W7-agarose, repressed the expression of RbcS-GUS in darkness, but this inhibitory effect was completely reversed by adding exogenous purified CaM. ...
A comparison of the DNA metabolisms of uninfected and TMV infected excised tobacco leaves, using p(32)-orthophosphate incorporation into the DNA as a measure of its metabolism, indicated that the DNA metabolism is not affected by TMV infection. This result was corroborated by the results of studies on the effect of 5-fluorouracil, a specific inhibitor of DNA synthesis, on the multiplication of TMV in tobacco-leaf discs. Although partial inhibition of TMV multiplication was observed, the absence of inhibition reversal thymidine, indicated that the mechanism of TMV inhibition probably did not involve a specific block of DNA synthesis. Finally unsuccessful attempts were made to see if intact host DNA was necessary for TMV infection by treating tobacco-leaf discs with DNAase ...
Swedish Match develops, manufactures, and sells quality products with market leading brands in the product areas Snus and moist snuff, Other tobacco products (cigars and chewing tobacco), and Lights (matches, lighters, and complementary products).
Keywords: POSTDOCTORAL POSITION ANNOUNCEMENT IN MOLECULAR EVOLUTION OF PLANT VIRUSES PROJECT DESCRIPTION: Applicants are being sought to fill TWO positions in molecular evolution of plant viruses. Position one will involve molecular population biology, epidemiology, and evolutionary mechanisms of peanut stunt cucumovirus. Several virus collections are already available for this study. Position two will involve a study of 1.) the role of viral and host components of the replicase in the generation of variability, and 2.) the role of quasispecies in the biology of cucumber mosaic cucumovirus, including the ability to overcome resistance. More detailed descriptions of both projects are available on request. REQUIREMENTS: A Ph.D. in Molecular Biology, Biochemistry, or related field, with experience in evolution or virology helpful. SALARY and APPOINTMENT: Base salary is US$24,000/year, depending on experience with funding available for 3 years. STARTING DATES: July and August 1995 APPLY TO: Dr. ...
Scanning electron micrograph (SEM), tinted green, of the bacteria Agrobacterium tumifaciens (small bacilli) growing on the surface of cells from the tobacco plant Nicotiana plumbaginifolia. Known as a natural genetic engineer for the ease with which it interferes with its hosts metabolism, this bacterium injects cancer-causing genes (T-DNA) into a plant cell. A tumour develops which, while destructive to the plant, is food to the bacterium. Magnification: X 1070 at 35mm size. Original is BW print B242/01M - Stock Image B242/0002
Saccharification of transgenic tobacco. Saccharification (72 hours at 50°C) of transgenic tobacco pretreated at 110°C, 140°C and 170°C with 100 mg/g cellulo
Nicotiana Tabacum ((Lizard Tail Orinoco x Turtle Foot Tobacco)) 300+ Nicotiana tabacum is a sticky, thick-leaved perennial that can reach up
Tobacco By-2 Cells: From Cellular Dynamics to Omics by Nagata, Toshiyuki available in Hardcover on, also read synopsis and reviews. It is our utmost pleasure to present a new book on tobacco BY-2 cells, Tobacco BY-2 Cells: From...
Mottahedeh Tobacco Leaf at Replacements, Ltd., page 1 with links to Tobacco Leaf online pattern registration form, images of more than 425,000 china, crystal, silver and collectible patterns, specialty items for sale, silver hollowware, Christmas ornaments, and much more!
The cultivation of single cells of Nicotiana tabacum L. var. Samsun and Phaseolus vulgaris L. var. Early Golden Cluster on a thin agar layer in Petri dishes is described. Under these conditions about 20 per cent of the cells divided repeatedly and established tissue clones which could be isolated and maintained as growing tissue cultures. It was possible also to follow the successive divisions of isolated cells and to observe their behavior during cytogenesis under the microscope.. ...
Binds only to large DNA fragments. Recognizes a DNA fragment carrying 8 copies of box7 motif of the light-induced cab-E promoter of Nicotiana plumbaginifolia. Also recognizes the box7m1 motif.
Tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.) plants grown in vitro for 4 weeks on medium containing 10 μmol/L salicylic acid (SA) displayed enhanced tolerance of a 4.5 h heat-shock at 49°C. However, 100 μmol/L SA did not enhance ...
Tobacco: Tobacco, common name of the plant Nicotiana tabacum and, to a limited extent, Aztec tobacco (N. rustica) and the cured leaf that is used, usually after aging and processing in various ways, for smoking, chewing, snuffing, and extraction of nicotine. Various other species in the genus Nicotiana are
Debnam, P. M.; Fernie, A. R.; Leisse, A.; Golding, A.; Bowsher, C. G.; Grimshaw, C.; Knight, J. S.; Emes, M. J.: Altered activity of the P2 isoform of plastidic glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase in tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum cv. Samsun) causes changes in carbohydrate metabolism and response to oxidative stress in leaves. Plant Journal 38 (1), S. 49 - 59 (2004 ...
Debnam, P. M.; Fernie, A. R.; Leisse, A.; Golding, A.; Bowsher, C. G.; Grimshaw, C.; Knight, J. S.; Emes, M. J.: Altered activity of the P2 isoform of plastidic glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase in tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum cv. Samsun) causes changes in carbohydrate metabolism and response to oxidative stress in leaves. Plant Journal 38 (1), S. 49 - 59 (2004 ...
Expression of human papillomavirus 18 E6 gene in transgenic tobacco plants / J P Jeon; M A Hyun; D U Kim; S W Jin; Sue Nie Park; H S Kim; W D Yoo; U I Sohn , 1994 ...
In The Happening, common plants release a neurotoxin that threatens the survival of the human race. This movie premise may be far-fetched, but scientists say summer is a good time to familiarize yourself with toxic plants that can be harmful to your health. ...
I went out this morning looking at my Hawian Lei plants and noticed what looks like very small egg cases on some of the underside of the leaves. Tehey are very small and are bright yellow in color. I touched this and it seemed to be powdering between my fingers I suspect it may be a fungi of some sort. I need some direction in getting rid of it before it harms my plants ...
Olivia Ooms pays tribute to her home state on the infectious “California Country,†the video for which Billboard premieres today (Sept. 30).
This is a processing plant of Conoco Phillips Inc in California that can be viewed from an Amtrak train. The bright yellow mountain in the center of the photo is sulfur. It glows fluorescent in the middle of the day ...
See what Xanthi Agathou (xanthiagathou) has discovered on Pinterest, the worlds biggest collection of everybodys favorite things.
The first thing you notice are the sunflowers; loads of em, bright yellow stems painted serenely against a perfect blue sky.Then there are the cheery posters of laughing kids and vibrant seniors,
Crocoite is commonly found as crystals, usually as long prismatic crystals and more rarely as equant crystals, but are most often poorly terminated, and are usually of a bright hyacinth-red color, which are translucent and have an adamantine to vitreous lustre. When fine-grained it can be bright yellow to orange, and some crystals are dark red.
As the tourist trolley bus made its way down Penn Ave, instead of ogling the famous buildings, the tourists seemed more interested in checking out the bright yellow Smart fortwo car parked at the curb, just a few feet from me. I heard the tour guide say something about the building I work in as he stopped at the light, then I saw a middle aged husband and wife pointing at the car, and telling their kids to Check out that cute little car! Wow! exclaimed a boy of about ten, Thats just my size! The light turned green, they were off, and I was left standing, looking at something that I see every day in this city.. ...
پپتیدهای ضدمیکروبی، مولکول‌های قدیمی و حفاظت شده‌ هستند که در مکانیسم‌های دفاعی موجودات زنده مانند باکتری‌ها، جانوران و گیاهان دیده می‌شوند. شناسایی و معرفی پپتیدهای ضدمیکروبی جدید، روشی مقرون به صرفه برای مقابله با میکروب‌های بیماری‌زا و همچنین بهبود مقاومت گونه‌های گیاهان زراعی با استفاده از تکنولوژی DNA نوترکیب است. به این منظور یک سازه ژنی حاوی توالی ژن کد کننده پپتید ضدمیکروبی امیگانان (Omiganan) نوتروفیل گاو پس از همسانه‌سازی به کمک اگروباکتریویوم تومفاشینز به دیسک‌های برگی توتون انتقال داده شد. با روش PCR حضور ژن کد کننده پپتید ضدمیکروبی در ژنوم
Billboard caught up with Nick Papz, also known as Papamitrou, to see how he got signed to Meek Mills Dreamchasers Record label and we had him break down the tracks he produced on Championships.
Global LED Billboard Market was valued at USD XX(Bn/Mn) in 2017 and is expected to reach USD XX(Bn/Mn) by 2022, growing at a CAGR of XX% between 2017 and 2022
Anabasin je piridinski i piperidinski alkaloid pritutan u duvanskoh biljci Nicotiana glauca, koja je blisko srodna s duvanskom biljkom u širokoj poljoprivrednoj upotrebi (Nicotiana tabacum). Ovaj molekul je strukturalni izomer hemijski srodnog nikotina. Njegova glavna (istorijska) industrijska primena je kao insekticid. Anabasin je prisutan u tragovima u duvanskom dimu, i može se koristiti kao indikator izlaganja.[1] ...
Are you in search of NIA Full Form? Here will come to know what does NIA stand for? Also all Full Forms of NIA and NIA Meaning in English
Smoking is rubbish - nearly every part of smoking is bad for the environment, from growing the tobacco plants to people throwing away their used, chemical-filled butts.
Your basket is currently empty. i ,p>When browsing through different UniProt proteins, you can use the basket to save them, so that you can back to find or analyse them later.,p>,a href=/help/basket target=_top>More...,/a>,/p> ...
Tytu : Farmaceuci dla pacjent w - rola farmaceut w z aptek og lnodost pnych w poskim systemie ochrony zdrowia publicznego w kontek cie prowadzenia pacjent w uzale nionych od tytoniu ...
Weve got 15 years to snuff out a virus that has killed 39 million people. These five approaches are going to help us do it, IntraHealth Internationals Margarite Nathe writes in a guest commentary for World AIDS Day.
n perioada 23-25 noiembrie a.c., eful Statului Major Principal al For elor Aeriene Militare bulgare, general-maior Simeon Hristov Simeonov, efectueaz o vizit de lucru n Rom nia, la invita ia efului Statului Major al For elor Aeriene Rom ne, general-locotenent Gheorghe Catrina.
ISBN 978-0-207-14228-4. Kinghorn, A.D. (2010). "Toxins and Teratogens of the Solanaceae and Liliaceae". Toxic plants. Society ... Solasodine is a poisonous alkaloid chemical compound that occurs in plants of the family Solanaceae such as potatoes and ... Solanum mauritianum Everist, S.L. (1981). Poisonous Plants of Australia. Angus & Robertson. ...
"Toxic Plants". Retrieved 2017-08-07. National Research Council (2008-01-25). "Carissa". Lost Crops of Africa: Volume ... The College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences at University of California, Davis rates the plant as mildly toxic. It ... As a coastal plant it can deal very well with salty ocean spray. Sparrow, Jacqueline and Gil Hanly. (2002), Subtropical Plants ... Today the plant is also growing commonly in southern Florida and is cultivated in southern California and used widely as an ...
"Toxic and Hazardous Substances; Access to employee exposure and medical records". OSHA. "IDEESE: Cases - Bhopal Plant Disaster ... The plant had been already noted for their poor safety record and lack of evacuation or emergency plan. The lack of awareness ... The Toxic 100 is a form of newer information which is a list that includes one hundred companies industrial air polluters in ... Cyanide is one of the most toxic known substances, and failure to obtain proper disclosure is likely to lead to improper or ...
"Toxic Plants". UC Davis. Archived from the original on July 13, 2009. Retrieved 2009-07-17. NPS tule elk information page KQED ... There are at least 42 rare and endangered plants of the more than 850 plant species identified. Almost 40 species of land ... The California Native Plant Society lists this subspecies population as seriously endangered, and that more taxonomic ... It has yellow flowers that bloom from March through May, grows in plant communities of coastal scrub, and is extremely ...
Dang L, Van Damme EJ (September 2015). "Toxic proteins in plants". Phytochemistry. 117: 51-64. doi:10.1016/j.phytochem.2015.05. ... Plant, Cell and Environment. 27 (6): 675-684. doi:10.1111/j.1365-3040.2004.01180.x. In 1891, following Stahls work on plant ... Plants were the main source of such compounds, especially alkaloids and glycosides. It was long been known that opium, a sticky ... Organic chemistry was regarded at that time as the chemistry of substances that plants and animals are composed of. It was a ...
"Texas Toxic Plants". Archived from the original on 2006-10-21. Retrieved 2008-06-17. v t e. ... Salvia reflexa is found in pastures and prairies and can be toxic to cattle, sheep and goats due to its accumulation of ... "Salvia reflexa". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 1 February 2016. BSBI List 2007 (xls ...
Toxic Plants. Safe and Poisonous Garden Plants. Agriculture and Natural Resources. University of California. The Genus ... Plants of the genus are native to humid, shady tropical forest habitat. Aglaonema have been grown as luck-bringing ornamental ... Aglaonema plants are poisonous due to calcium oxalate crystals. If ingested they cause irritation of the mucous membranes, and ... "RHS Plant Selector Aglaonema 'Silver Queen' AGM / RHS Gardening". Retrieved 2020-03-12. CS1 maint: discouraged ...
In J. P. F. D'Mello, C. M. Duffus, J. H. Duffus (Eds.) Toxic Substances in Crop Plants. Woodhead Publishing. pp. 21-48. ISBN 0- ... J. B. Harborne, H. Baxter, G. P. Moss (Eds.) (1999) Phytochemical Dictionary: A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. ... van Veen AG, Hyman AJ (1933). "On the toxic component of the djenkol bean". Geneesk. Tijdschr. Nederl. Indie. 73: 991. ... doi:10.1016/S0021-9258(18)74825-4. D'Mello, J. P. Felix (1991). Toxic Amino Acids. ...
ISBN 978-0-8133-8395-8. "Gutierrezia microcephala". Database of Toxic Plants in the United States. Equines & Toxic Plants. ... A single plant is capable of producing over 9000 seeds annually, although most ripe seeds fall beneath the parent plant. Seeds ... "Perennial Broomweed, Broom Snakeweed (Gutierrezia microcephala and G. sarothrae)" (PDF). Integrated Toxic Plant Management ... "Gutierrezia sarothrae (Pursh) Britton & Rusby". The Plant List. Retrieved October 19, 2013. "Broom Snakeweed". Range Plants of ...
ISBN 0-8133-8395-1. "Gutierrezia microcephala". Database of Toxic Plants in the United States. Equines & Toxic Plants. Archived ... The mature plants produce many achene, although most seeds fall within a few metres of the parent plant. This is because the ... The Cahuilla used an infusion of the plant as a gargle or placed the plant in their mouths as a toothache remedy. The Hopi and ... Integrated Toxic Plant Management Handbook. Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service. Retrieved December 30, 2012. CS1 maint: ...
Hartley, Martin R. (2010). Toxic Plant Proteins. Springer. pp. 134-. ISBN 9783642121760. Retrieved 1 January 2013. CS1 maint: ... Abrus is a genus of flowering plants in the pea family, Fabaceae and the only genus in the tribe Abreae. It contains 13-18 ... species, but is best known for a single species: jequirity (A. precatorius). The highly toxic seeds of that species are used to ...
Burrows, G.E.; Tyrl, R.J. (2012). "Rosaceae Juss.". Toxic Plants of North America. Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 1064-1094.. ... Lyle, Katie Letcher (2010) [2004]. The Complete Guide to Edible Wild Plants, Mushrooms, Fruits, and Nuts: How to Find, Identify ... "Journal of Integrative Plant Biology. 55 (11): 1069-1079. doi:10.1111/jipb.12095. ISSN 1744-7909. PMID 23945216.. ... Plum is used as a food plant by the larvae of some Lepidoptera, including November moth, willow beauty and short-cloaked moth.[ ...
Burrows, George Edward; Ronald J. Tyrl (2001). Toxic Plants of North America. Ames: Iowa State University Press. p. 1242. ISBN ... Plant Conservation Alliance's Alien Plant Working Group. Retrieved 2010-02-07.. *^ a b Keeler, Harriet L. (1900). " ... In addition to its use as an ornamental plant, the tree of heaven is also used for its wood and as a host plant to feed ... Cal-IPC/California Invasive Plant Council: plant profile of Ailanthus altissima. *Ailanthus altissima in the CalPhotos Photo ...
"Toxic and Non-Toxic Plants". Animal Poison Control Center. American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA). ... Toxic substances[edit]. The ASPCA lists some common sources of toxins[16] that pets encounter, including: plants,[17] human ... "Toxic to Cats". 2011. Archived from the original on 22 December 2011. Retrieved 14 December 2011.. This tertiary ... "Plants and Your Cat". The Cat Fanciers' Association, Inc. Archived from the original on 2010-03-26. Retrieved 2007-05-15.. ...
Texas Toxic Plant Database. Texas A&M University. Hegnauer, Robert mass (1994). Chemotaxonomie der Pflanzen. Springer Science+ ... Senegalia berlandieri is toxic to livestock and thus should not be used as forage or fodder. Senegalia berlandieri contains a ... S. berlandieri contains a wide variety of alkaloids and has been known to cause toxic reactions in domestic animals such as ... ISBN 978-3-540-63293-1. B.A. Clement, C. M. Goff and T. D. A. Forbes (1997). "Toxic amines and alkaloids from Acacia ...
The root of the plant is generally the most toxic part, though this can vary from one specimen to another. The active agents in ... Belladonna is one of the most toxic plants known, and its use by mouth increases risk in numerous clinical conditions, such as ... "Herbarium of toxic plants". Retrieved May 31, 2020. "Committee for Veterinary Medicinal Products, ... List of poisonous plants List of plants poisonous to equines Donnatal, a pharmaceutical containing the active alkaloids in ...
Cathy Dobson (17 February 2011). "Lanxess Sees Opportunity for Bio-based Sarnia Plant". The Sarnia Observer. "Toxic Trail ... The original Dow plant was decommissioned, and the land has been sold to neighbouring TransAlta Energy Corporation. TransAlta ... The City of Sarnia decided in 2013 to close much of Centennial Park, after the discovery of toxic levels of lead and asbestos ... At the same Park, from the summer of 2012 to the summer of 2016, KmX Corporation operated a pilot plant to produce membranes ...
It is mildly toxic. Sp. Pl.: 190 (1753) "Chironia baccifera L." Plants of the World Online. Board of Trustees of the Royal ... "Chironia baccifera and the Doctrine of Signatures". Photos of South African Plants. Operation Wildflower. Retrieved 27 October ... "Chironia baccifera, the Christmas berry". Photos of South African Plants. Operation Wildflower. Retrieved 27 October 2020.. ...
Pickering Nuclear plant reports water leak, CBC News, March 16 2011 "Pickering nuclear plant reports water leak". CBC news. ... MacLeod, Ian (December 15, 2011). "Chalk River's toxic legacy". Ottawa Citizen. "Nuclear accidents - and how they're ranked". ... Because nuclear power plants are large and complex, accidents on site tend to be relatively expensive. The 1979 Three Mile ... "Nuclear plant spills tritium into lake - The Star". Retrieved 23 April 2019. "Leak from Darlington". The Star. Dec ...
For humans it is mildly toxic and only acts as an irritant. Euphorbia milii has dual usage Pesticide The plant itself has ... "Plants Toxic to Animals". Retrieved 18 December 2020. de Carvalho Augusto, Ronaldo; et al. (July 28, 2017). "Double impact: ... Wat Phrik in Thailand claims to be the home of the world's tallest Christ thorn plant. The plant thrives between spring and ... Euphorbia milii, the crown of thorns, Christ plant, or Christ thorn, is a species of flowering plant in the spurge family ...
Toxic and Nontoxic Plants. American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA). Clipsham, R. (2012). "Brunfelsia ... USDA PLANTS. Gentry, J. J. L. & P. C. Standley. 1974. Solanaceae. In Gentry, Jr., J. L. & P. C. Standley (eds.), Flora of ... Brunfelsia is a genus of flowering plants belonging to subfamily Petunioideae of the nightshade family Solanaceae. The 50 or so ... Like many other species belonging to the Solanaceae, some (possibly all) members of this genus contain toxic and medicinal ...
"Plants toxic to dogs." Sloughis On Line. 4 May 2009 . "Kalanchoe beharensis". Royal Horticultural Society. ... The plant should be dry before watering again, as too much water will kill it. Watering should occur every 14-20 days during ... It may be grown as a houseplant or outdoors in mostly frost-free landscapes and is not toxic to dogs if it has not been treated ... entitled "In situ studies of crassulacean acid metabolism in Kalanchoe beharensis Drake Del Castillo, a plant of the semi-arid ...
The plant is toxic to horses. Green and dry material is sometimes found in alfalfa feed. Signs of poisoning include lameness ... It is sometimes considered an ornamental plant good for landscaping purposes. It is planted to cover waste ground at mining ... The toxic compound is not known.[8] References[edit]. *^ "Hoary Alyssum ,". Invasive Species Council of British Columbia , ... Berteroa incana Plant Fact Sheet. USDA NRCS Bozeman. December 2008. *^ a b "Berteroa incana". Germplasm Resources Information ...
"I won't be knocking on doors," she says, "because there are no doors." Shell plant explosion in Diamond, Louisiana "North ... Toxic & Nuclear Contamination". Goldman Environmental Prize. Archived from the original on 22 October 2010. Retrieved 4 ... for her successful campaign for relocating people who lived in a community close to a chemical plant in Norco, Louisiana. ...
This plant is used as green manure. It is not very palatable to animals but it is sometimes given as fodder. It can be toxic, ... The plant often grows in wet, muddy habitat, such as floodplains, swamps, and paddy fields. It is also known from dry land. It ... The plant is also used as a spermicide. Its charcoal is made into gunpowder. The yellow flowers are eaten by people in Cambodia ... The plant, like others of its genus, sometimes develops nodes similar to the root nodules of many other legumes, but the nodes ...
Toxic constituents of plant foodstuffs. New York: Academic Press. pp. 293-312. Baker MA, Bosia A, Pescarmona G, Turrini F, ... Vicine is an alkaloid glycoside found mainly in fava beans (Vicia faba). Vicine is toxic in individuals who have a hereditary ...
The name was confusing to some so, in 1998, it was renamed Gardens Alive! It was named after a catalog called Plants Alive! ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Sarah Robertson (March 3, 1999). "'Least Toxic' Doesn't Mean Safe". The Register-Guard ... "New Plants and Garden Products Win 2013 Green Thumb Awards" (PDF) (Press release). Direct Gardening Association. Retrieved ... Kym Pokorny (April 19, 2011). "2011 Green Thumb Award goes to five plants, five gardening products". The Oregonian. Retrieved ...
Mager, J.; Razin, A.; Herschko, A. (1969). Liener, I. (ed.). Toxic constituents of plant foodstuffs. New York: Academic Press. ... In plants, reduced divicine is formed from the hydrolysis of the inactive β-glucoside, vicine. A simplified three-step process ...
E. Burrows, George; J. Tyrl, Ronald (29 January 2013). Toxic Plants of North America. pp. 117-118. ISBN 978-0813820347. ... Plant metabolites have long been studied for their biological activity and alkaloids in particular are major subjects for ... Dregamine is found in plants of the genera Voacanga (e.g. Voacanga dregei) and Tabernaemontana including Ervatamia hirta, ... "1H NMR-based metabolomics of antimalarial plant species traditionally used by Vha-Venda people in Limpopo Province, South ...
CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Burrows, George Edward; Tyrl, Ronald J. (2001). Toxic Plants of North America. Iowa ... It is widely planted as an ornamental tree in North America, South America and Europe.[citation needed] Berberis koreana is ... "Berberis koreana - Palibin". Plants for a Future. Bratman, Steven (2007). Collins Alternative Health Guide. Harper Collins. pp ...
It is also a common host-plant for the moth Zygaena ephialtes. "Securigera varia", The Plant List, retrieved 2014-10-27 CS1 ... Crownvetch is toxic to horses and other non-ruminants because of the presence of nitroglycosides. If consumed in large amounts ... Moyer, BG; Gustine, DL (1984). "Regeneration of Coronilla varia L. (crownvetch) plants from callus culture". Journal of Plant ... Crownvetch is a tough, aggressive spreading plant that will crowd out its neighbors in a show garden but is well suited to a ...
... a toxic alkaloid. It also contains the alkaloid gloriocine. Within a few hours of the ingestion of a toxic amount of plant ... This plant is poisonous, toxic enough to cause human and animal fatalities if ingested. It has been used to commit murder, to ... The plant can be dangerous for cats, dogs, horses, and livestock, as well. The alkaloid-rich plant has long been used as a ... Every part of the plant is poisonous, especially the tuberous rhizomes. As with other members of the Colchicaceae, this plant ...
This process must be done before the plants have been made into tea and dried out. Cases of product recalls have been reported ... Other compounds present in toxic species of Illicium are safrole and eugenol, which are not present in the edible Chinese star ... Shikimic acid, a substance also present in Japanese star anise, is so-called after the plant's Japanese name. In Europe, ... Simpson, Michael (2010). Plant Systematics. Elsevier. pp. 189. ISBN 978-0-12-374380-0. Small, Ernest (1996). "Confusion of ...
These plants are typically called LNG Peak Shaving Plants as the purpose is to shave off part of the peak demand from what is ... Quality regulations serve three purposes: 1 - to ensure that the gas distributed is non-corrosive and non-toxic, below the ... They claimed that, while natural gas power plants emit approximately half the carbon dioxide of an equivalent coal power plant ... The Qatargas II plant has a production capacity of 7.8 MTPA for each of its two trains. LNG sourced from Qatargas II will be ...
The extant Aroid House (now the Nash Conservatory) was designated Plant House No. 1 and the Water Lily House was Plant House No ... were able to ascertain that the contents of the stomach of a headless corpse found in the river Thames contained a highly toxic ... The Sustainable Uses of Plants group (formerly the centre for Economic Botany), focus on the uses of plants in the United ... It contains plants and trees from all the temperate regions of the world, some of which are extremely rare. It was commissioned ...
... was used by the Huilliche as a fish poison as late as the early years of the twentieth century: the juice of the plant ( ... toxic psychosis. ...los hechiceros [= Machi / sorcerers ] could quickly recover [ from Latua intoxication ] with a drug from a ... Grisebach described the plant (under the name Lycioplesium pubiflorum) from a specimen collected by Lechler near the city of ... "Medicinal plants of various peoples and times. Their application, active principles and history"), pub. Verlag von Ferdinand ...
... will consume the plants and then sicken and die. The seedlings and seeds are the most toxic parts of the plants. Symptoms ... albinum Unidentified Xanthium List of beneficial weeds List of companion plants List of plants poisonous to equines Flann, C ( ... Xanthium (cocklebur) is a genus of flowering plants in the sunflower tribe within the daisy family, native to the Americas and ... CAT has been shown to be a growth inhibitor in Xanthium and other plants, serving two functions, delaying seed germination and ...
... not all plant material is edible and the nutritional quality or antiherbivore defenses of plants (structural and chemical) ... Gönenç, I. Ethem; Koutitonsky, Vladimir G.; Rashleigh, Brenda (2007). Assessment of the Fate and Effects of Toxic Agents on ... In a simple predator-prey example, a deer is one step removed from the plants it eats (chain length = 1) and a wolf that eats ... The amount can be less than one percent in animals consuming less digestible plants, and it can be as high as forty percent in ...
The tribal people also use the root, seeds and leaf of the plant as a traditional medicine for many common ailments. A possible ... Functional and biochemical evidences to show toxic effect on the brain, liver and striated muscles. Pathologically there is ... Chand Kanungo, Nadiya (2016-11-25). "Strange: Now M'giri kids' deaths linked to Chakunda Plant rather rich in medicinal ... plant was identified in the urine sample of 5 deceased children thus indicating that some of the children may have died of ...
It is also used as a mutagen for crop selection of plants such as rice, barley or oats. Sodium azide has caused deaths for ... It is an ionic substance, is highly soluble in water and is very acutely toxic. Sodium azide is an ionic solid. Two crystalline ... Rodriguez-Kabana, R., Backman, P. A. and King, P.S., Plant Disease Reporter, 1975, Vol. 59, No. 6, pp. 528-532 (link) Awan, M. ... Treatment of sodium azide with strong acids gives hydrazoic acid, which is also extremely toxic: H+ + N− 3 → HN 3 Aqueous ...
... central nervous system damage and death in sheep although Phalaris aquatica is said to be non-toxic. A raw, dried plant ... Toxicants of Plant Origin - Google Book Search. ISBN 9780849369902. Retrieved 2008-04-20. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter ( ...
there have been few attempts to investigate the cause of possible toxic effects of the plant in mammals. ASPCA Poison Control: ... it is toxic and dangerous. Consumption of the leaves and bark of the avocado tree, or the skin and pit of the avocado fruit ... "A novel plant toxin, persin, with in vivo activity in the mammary gland, induces Bim-dependent apoptosis in human breast cancer ... "Synergistic cytotoxicity between tamoxifen and the plant toxin persin in human breast cancer cells is dependent on Bim ...
... which may be replaced with fresh grass and other non-toxic plants during summertime. Traditional rabbit pellets may be too high ...
... high-volatility pesticides Toxic releases from facilities Traffic density Drinking water quality Toxic cleanup sites ... People who live near refineries are more likely to breathe in nickel and vanadium, and those living near coal power plants are ...
The plant also emits toxic gases, where warning signs posted surrounding the site explicitly state "Attention! Toxic gas." ... These camps were located on or near 500 tonnes of toxic waste. Across the River Ibar, there is a further 100 million tonnes of ... In the mid-1980s, authorities selected a former toxic waste dump as the location for a new Sinti settlement by the name of ... Another environmentally toxic camp, Masseria del Pozzo, was also located in the Giugliano region. This camp, established in ...
Cyanobacteria carry out plant-like photosynthesis because the organelle in plants that carries out photosynthesis is derived ... Evolutionarily, cyanobacteria's ability to survive in oxygenic conditions, which are considered toxic to most anaerobic ... In terrestrial environments, plants are the predominant variety, while aquatic environments include a range of phototrophic ... Examples include plants.[citation needed] In contrast to photoautotrophs, photoheterotrophs are organisms that depend solely on ...
... as a Mechanism for Invasive Aquatic Plant Management in Florida". Journal of Aquatic Plant Management. 53: 95-104. Estes, J. A ... p. 3. Harnell, Boyd (2007). "Taiji officials: Dolphin meat 'toxic waste'". The Japan Times. Retrieved 24 June 2016. Hall, Kevin ... West Indian manatees eat up to 60 different species of plants, as well as fish and small invertebrates to a lesser extent. Sea ... When eating, they ingest the whole plant, including the roots, although when this is impossible they feed on just the leaves. A ...
Sand flies also require sugar from plants as their energy source. Plants from the family Fabaceae are preferentially selected ... Heme acts as a toxic molecule that can generate oxygen-reactive species and bypass membranes due to its high permeability. ... Both genders will consume sugar-rich foods, such as nectar, honey dew, and plant sap, but females will feed on a wide range of ... Both males and females feed on sugars from plants and aphids, but only adult females feed on the blood of other mammals. The ...
Environmental assessments of biotechnology-derived plants are carried out by the CFIA's Plant Biosafety Office (PBO). The ... These laws include: The Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA) (EPA); The Toxic Substances Control Act ( ... it must be assessed under the Plant Protection Act by the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) agency within the ... including genetically modified food plants. The EPA regulates genetically modified plants with pesticide properties, as well as ...
Tests were aimed at human, plant and animal reaction to the chemical and biological agents and were conducted in the United ... warfare agents was limited from 1961 to 1962 by the lack of adequate extra-continental test facilities in which toxic agent ... and plant reaction to biological, chemical, toxicological, entomological, and radiological warfare agents in various ...
... Retrieved 17 April 2021. Missing or empty ... Spider plants are non-toxic to humans and pets, and are considered edible. The NASA Clean Air Study determined that this plant ... Spider plants have also been shown to reduce indoor air pollution in the form of formaldehyde, and approximately 70 plants ... Poole, R.T.; Chase, A.R. & Osborne, L.S. (1991), Spider Plant Production Guide (CFREC-Apopka Foliage Plant Research Note RH-91- ...
"Ilex perado". International Plant Names Index. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Harvard University Herbaria & Libraries and ... it is dioecious and has white to pink flowers and red toxic berries, slightly bigger than those of a common holly Its leaves ...
Historically tin whiskers have been associated with a handful of failures, including a nuclear power plant shutdown and ... releases of toxic chemicals, and potential risks to human health and the environment. Another life-cycle assessment by IKP, ... that is direct exposure to large amounts of toxic substances causing severe injury or death. The United States Environmental ... directs that some electronic products exceeding a specified amount of the nominated toxic substances must carry a warning label ...
Collins, C. Toxic Loopholes: Failures and Future Prospects for Environmental Law. Cambridge University Press. 2010. ISBN ... ISBN 9781632861108 Revesz, R., Lienke, J. Struggling for Air: Power Plants and the "War on Coal" - Page 76. Oxford University ...
All parts of the plant are toxic, especially the seeds and roots, and especially when ingested. Under the right conditions the ... The plant looks like the wild carrot plant (Daucus carota). One can distinguish the two from each other by hemlock's smooth ... Hemlock can be confused with the wild carrot plant; however, this plant has a hairy stem without purple markings, grows less ... List of poisonous plants Allkin, R.; Magill, R.; et al., eds. (2013). "Conium maculatum L." The Plant List (online database). ...
... because the fungus absorbs mineral nutrients from the soil and channels these into the plant, while the plant provides the ... due to its resemblance to other toxic red-capped boletes. In his 100 Edible Mushrooms (2007), Michael Kuo notes that although ... Rogers Plants. Archived from the original on 2012-02-18. Retrieved 2012-03-01. Arora D. (1986). Mushrooms Demystified: A ... nutrient-absorbing rootlets of the host plant. The fungus forms an extensive underground network of hyphae that radiate outward ...
A hepatotoxin (Gr., hepato = liver) is a toxic chemical substance that damages the liver. It can be a side-effect of medication ... found in many plants in the Boraginaceae, Compositae, and Leguminosae families - intrinsic Luteoskyrin Kavalactones (disputed ...
Serge plants a bomb in his own car, kidnaps Jeremy during the race, and attempts to kill Jeremy as well as the judges who ... poison people with highly-toxic venom or use his venom to transform other people into copies of his mutated self. Bio-Con looks ... He had a problem with authority and tried to bring an N-Tek waste containment plant, that he created in order to hold the ... He then tried to absorb the substances from the containment plant, and was stopped by Max. In Max Steel: Monstrous Alliance, he ...
It was alleged by The Independent that toxic materials had been dumped in nearby mineshafts. Works to cleanse the site began in ... In the late 1950s, the chemical weapons production plant at Nancekuke was mothballed, but was maintained through the 1960s and ... Production of VX agent was intended mainly for laboratory test purposes, but also to validate plant designs and optimise ...
Many plants can naturally clean chemically contaminated soil and groundwater. Researchers are now helping them do a quicker, ... The plants would "never become explosive," Newman said. "But they could become toxic and die. And [RDX] may go right back into ... Plants Perform "Green Clean" of Toxic Sites. ,, Back to Page 1 Page 2 of 2 ... "One of the big concerns with some of the more recalcitrant compounds [would be] if the plants start accumulating high levels of ...
What other plants can be used to absorb toxins, and what other plants ,are safe to plant and eat from in such areas? , ,Jim ... Re: Plants for toxic areas. * To: James M Kocher ,[email protected], ... The plants are then destroyed and not composted of ,course. It is alo my understanding that fruit in general does not ,absorb ... At 04:17 PM 1/24/97 -0500, James M Kocher wrote: ,I understand that mustard plants can be used to soak up toxins, such as ,lead ...
Common toxic plants include sago palms, lilies, azaleas and tulips. ... Find out which plants are poisonous to dogs, cats and horses. ... Poisonous Plants. Toxic and Non-Toxic Plants List. ASPCA Animal ... Plants listed as either non-toxic, or potentially toxic with mild GI upset as their symptoms are not expected to be life- ... Individual plants may differ in appearance from the photos used on our listings. Please be sure to check the name of the plant ...
While many plants are beneficial, there are others that are toxic and kill any wildlife residing in the pond. ... Most ponds depend on plants to thrive and provide nutrients to pond-dwelling creatures, such as turtles, frogs and fish. ... While many plants are beneficial, there are others that are toxic and kill any wildlife residing in the pond. ... Some people believe that different parts of vegetable plants can be toxic to pond fish as well. Rhubarb leaves, eggplant stems ...
Toxic plants of Texas. The Texas State Department of Health and the National Safety Council provides a list of the states most ... Jack-in-the-Pulpit Consumption of any part of the plant... Photo-1169167.16237 - Houston Chronicle Image 24 of 37 ... Nightshade Consumption of any part of the plant can cause... Photo-1169174.16237 - Houston Chronicle Image 31 of 37 ... Water Hemlock Consumption of any part of the plant can... Photo-1169178.16237 - Houston Chronicle Image 35 of 37 ...
The bulbs of plants in the Amaryllis family are poisonous if eaten. Three of the most popular garden flowers in the family-- ... DAFFODIL (Amaryllis family): The bulbs of plants in the Amaryllis family are poisonous if eaten. Three of the most popular ...
Fecal transplants let rats eat toxic plants. By Nadia Whitehead. Jul. 21, 2014 , 11:30 AM. ... In addition, groups of desert woodrats became unable to eat the plant after taking antibiotics that killed most of their gut ... Desert woodrats frequently dine on the highly toxic creosote bush, but how do they do so without getting sick? Researchers have ...
Sciences detailing how researchers have developed genetically modified plants that can absorb large amounts of man-made toxic ... Genetically Modified Plants Aid Toxic Clean Ups From the Editors of E Magazine October 22, 2007. ... Natural poplar trees and other plants can only absorb as much as three percent of the toxin, the most common groundwater ... Sciences detailing how researchers have developed genetically modified plants that can absorb large amounts of man-made toxic ...
Its called phyto-remediation, the use of plants to rid soil of toxic pollutants that threaten the drinking water of ... As VOAs Jessica Berman reports, the scientists are using the plants as a natural solution to serious environmental hazards. ... Researchers have genetically engineered plants with an eye toward neutralizing toxic waste on military bases and mopping up ... Its called phyto-remediation, the use of plants to rid soil of toxic pollutants that threaten the drinking water of ...
Still, if youre of the "safe rather than sorry" frame of mind, you need to know which plants are potentially harmful, and by ... It should be said that most cats will not eat plants outdoors, as long as grass is available. However, occasionally, out of ... Heres a website with plants known to be toxic to cats:. ... Are Ostrich Ferns and other outdoor Perennials toxic to cats? Please advise. Best Regards, Robyn Borgetti. ...
... the plant operator said Wednesday, adding to a growing list of mishaps that are shaking confidence in the utilitys ability to ... Six workers at Japans crippled nuclear power plant have been accidentally doused with highly radioactive water, ... The workers removed the wrong pipe from equipment at the plant, sending toxic water spilling onto them and the entire floor of ... TOKYO (AP) - Six workers at Japans crippled nuclear power plant have been accidentally doused with highly radioactive water, ...
Ive discussed in this space various plants the Cherokees and early settlers utilized for medicinal, edible and utilitarian ... All parts of the plant are toxic, especially the leaves before flowering, and the flowers and fruits ... The plant is known to ... Toxic plants of Appalachia * font size decrease font size increase font size ... Other highly toxic plants in this region include climbing nightshade (Solanum dulcamara), dolls-eyes (Actaea pachypoda), false ...
Bush Rules on Toxic Mercury from Power Plants Overturned. The Supreme Court declines to review the case, forcing the EPA to ... The agency will now embark on several years of MACT rulemaking for power plants with no mercury regulations in place in the ... The utility group maintains that EPA had lawfully decided not to regulate coal- and oil-fired power plants under the stricter ... said the Obama administration would end eight years of efforts to stave off mercury controls for power plants.. That shameful ...
... but the Houston Humane Society wants to warn animal lovers about plants and mulch that can be toxic to pets. ... but the Houston Humane Society wants to warn animal lovers about plants and mulch that can be toxic to pets. ...
... compounds found in plants. (NB this does not include fungus,fungal, animal or synthetic poisons or toxins). Ric... ... Heres a list of the most toxic compound, ... most toxic plant poison. (idea). by CapnTrippy Thu Jan 04 2001 ... most toxic fungal poison. LD50. Hi-C. ricin. How much plant life is needed to keep a person alive in a sealed room?. Peritoneal ... Heres a list of the most toxic compounds found in plants. (NB this does not include fungal, animal or synthetic poisons or ...
Plants and Your Cat. Plants add the needed finishing touches to any decor. But, if you have a feline, that beautiful plant ... Swiss Cheese plant. Tansy Mustard. Taro Vine. Tiger Lily *. Tobacco. Tomato Plant (green fruit, stem and leaves). Tree ... Hurricane Plant. Hyacinth. Hydrangea. Indian Rubber Plant. Indian Tobacco. Iris. Iris Ivy. Jack in the Pulpit. Janet Craig ... Ribbon Plant. Rosemary Pea. Rubber Plant. Saddle Leaf Philodendron. Sago Palm. Satin Pothos. Schefflera. Scotch Broom. Silver ...
To keep your pets safe, avoid having any of these common plants around your home. ... Not only does it list the plants, like castor bean, dumbcane, and oleander, it also lists what parts of the plant are toxic, ... Toxic Plants: How Your Favorite Plants Could Harm Your Cat and Dog , Pots Planters and More ... The 12 Most Common Plants That Are Toxic to Cats and Dogs. ... and Texas A&M regarding toxic plants that will harm or kill ...
Obama s Green Energy Plants Create Toxic Brew Of Pollutants Judicial Watch ^ , 4/27/11 , staff Posted on 04/27/2011 2:36:55 PM ... KEYWORDS: energy; green; greenpolution; greentoxic; greentoxicbrew; obamas; plants 1 posted on 04/27/2011 2:36:59 PM PDT by ... Details of how Obama s precious green power plants are actually destroying the climate are featured in an in-depth story ... A few days after the Obama Administration proudly announced its latest multi million-dollar infusion for green energy plants, a ...
It pays to remove toxic items from y ... What plants are toxic to cats?. Cat-proofing your home can be a ... Many of the calls involve consuming potentially toxic plants. According to the ASPCA, these are the most toxic plants to cats ... If your cat likes chomping on plants, this one goes on the "do not purchase" list. Corn plants contain toxic compounds called ... What plants are toxic to cats?. Dont let kittys curiosity get the best of her when she munches on your greenery.. ...
Ranchers in northwestern New Mexico suspect toxic plants, used in Navajo and Hopi religious ceremonies, are responsible for the ... The family saw a post on Facebook about the possible toxic plants that may be killing the cows and started pulling out as many ... Navajo botanist and geologist Arnold Clifford takes photos of a blue flower plant that is highly toxic to cattle in the ... Navajo botanist and geologist Arnold Clifford takes photos of a blue flower plant that is highly toxic to cattle in the ...
A surprising number of the plants in South Florida gardens may be toxic or irritating to our dogs and cats. Among them: cycads ... its an eye-opener to realize how many plants can be toxic or irritating depending on what part of the plant is eaten, or if ... or search for toxic plants at In an emergency, call a ... The ASPCA list of toxic plants includes the very common Lantana camara. This is all over South Florida. Well never understand ...
... biggest iron-ore park cover as steel giant ArcelorMittal strives to clean up and turn around Italys most polluting plant. The ... "The plants a huge economic resource. But are we supposed to all die just to save some jobs?" asked pensioner Giuliana ... The company runs tours for workers and their families to change how they view the plant and distance itself from its dark past ... Arcelor Mittal Italia is cleaning up the Taranto steel plant, which has been linked for years to reports of severe health ...
Protections that Curb Toxic Coal Plant Pollution Under Attack April 16, 2020 NRDC ... protections that limit the release of more than 80 dangerous and toxic air pollutants from coal-fired power plants and that ... Virtually all U.S. power plants that burn oil or coal have already been complying with the standards since 2016. ... The Natural Resources Defense Council works to safeguard the earth - its people, its plants and animals, and the natural ...
... for the fourth phase of the Jeddah power and desalination plant to reduce harmful gas emissions, a top SWCC official said here ... Thursday.CDM is one of the mechanisms defined in the Kyoto Protocol to help industrial plants reduce emission levels, in line ... Desal plant to cut toxic emissions /news/465361 Desal plant to cut toxic emissions. ... 13) of the plant from Sept. 20, 2011 to Nov. 21, 2011. The result indicated that the application of FS12 increased the thermal ...
... water and ash samples taken miles from a chemical plant that flooded during Hurricane Harvey, caught fire and partially ... DALLAS (AP) - Tests detected toxic substances in soil, water and ash samples taken miles from a chemical plant that flooded ... "Exposure to this toxic mixture in the environment through human pathways caused bodily injury," the letter said, "and has ... The findings were disclosed in a letter the residents lawyers mailed to the chief executive of the plants owner, France-based ...
Find out which holiday plants are poisonous and harmful to dogs and cats. ... Poinsettia - It is a myth that poinsettias are a highly toxic plant. Poinsettias contain a milky white sap that can cause mild ... When pets ingest the plants flowers and leaves, vomiting, drooling, and diarrhea most commonly occur. The bulb is more toxic ... Christmas cactus - Christmas cactus is considered a non-toxic plant. Mild vomiting, nausea, and diarrhea can occur with ...
... effective methods in order to curb toxic metals such as arsenic and mercury from contaminating lakes, rivers and streams near ... The Trump administration on Monday weakened a 2015 regulation that would have forced coal plants to treat wastewater with more ... Power plant discharge ranks as the largest source of toxic water pollution in the United States. ... Power plants represent the largest industrial source of toxic wastewater pollution around the country. ...
Jimson Weed Jimson Weed is not only toxic to cats, but at some level toxic to humans as well. Ingesting any part of the plant ... The leaves and stems of these plants is particularly toxic. Ripe tomatoes are less toxic and are generally harmless in small ... These plants also contain a thick, milky irritant sap. In general, it would take ingestion of a large amount of this plant to ... Poinsettia These plants are probably the most popular holiday plant and are easily recognizable by their large red, white, pink ...
... 19.12.2018. In a doctoral research project conducted at the Department of Biology ... Sulfoquinovose is a sugar found in plants, which contains sulfur. As a constituent of green-vegetable diets, for example in ... The bacterial degradation of the plant sugar sulfoquinovose to hydrogen sulfide is described for the first time.. • Study was ... Another bacterium, Desulfovibrio, utilizes this intermediate for anaerobic respiration and produces toxic hydrogen sulfide (H2S ...
The operator of Japans crippled Fukushima nuclear plant said another tank holding highly contaminated water is leaking, and ... Another tank leaks toxic water at Fukushima plant. Tokyo, October 3, 2013. The operator of Japans crippled Fukushima nuclear ... The breach was discovered in a tank holding area away from where 300 tonnes of toxic water escaped in August. In the latest ... Japans government stepped in and said it will fund efforts to improvement water management at the plant.. Tepco has been ...
  • The toxic giant hogweed can grow up to 18 feet tall. (
  • June 19 (UPI) -- The toxic invasive plant called giant hogweed is usually found in New York and the Northeast, but the dangerous invader was recently discovered in Virginia. (
  • Metzgar recently helped identify a patch of giant hogweed in Berryville, Va. This particular colony featured 40 plants. (
  • Similar to Hemlock, the highly toxic sap of Giant Hogweed can cause severe skin and eye irritation, along with painful blistering, permanent scarring, and even blindness. (
  • KDKA) - A noxious, alien and invasive plant that looks like Queen Anne's lace on steroids - giant hogweed - is causing some concerns after being found in multiple states, including Pennsylvania. (
  • Giant hogweed sap contains toxic chemicals that, when they come in contact with the human skin, can cause painful blisters and permanent scarring. (
  • For a toxic plant, giant hogweed is surprisingly pretty, with thick leaves stretching five feet wide and large clusters of white flowers gracing the top of the plant in an umbrella pattern. (
  • Giant hogweed sap contains toxic chemicals known as photosensitizing furanocoumarins. (
  • If you live near giant hogweed you can mow or weed-whack the plant before you touch it to prevent future exposure, right? (
  • The Milwaukee Journal Sentinel reports ( ) the Department of Natural Resources confirmed in June that hundreds of giant hogweed plants were present in Sheboygan. (
  • People are being warned to be extra vigilant after a number of reports of the toxic giant hogweed across the UK in the last couple of weeks. (
  • An article that appeared last week in the scientific journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences detailing how researchers have developed genetically modified plants that can absorb large amounts of man-made toxic pollutants, could have a profound impact on the way land managers deal with contaminated industrial sites in the U.S. and beyond. (
  • Natural poplar trees and other plants can only absorb as much as three percent of the toxin, the most common groundwater contaminant in the U.S. Besides taking on more of the pollutants, the genetically modified plants were able to process them 100 times faster than their natural counterparts. (
  • It's called phyto-remediation, the use of plants to rid soil of toxic pollutants that threaten the drinking water of communities located near military or industrial sites. (
  • A few days after the Obama Administration proudly announced its latest multi million-dollar infusion for green energy plants, a news report reveals that the government-backed projects actually infest the air with a toxic brew of pollutants. (
  • The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency today finalized its rollback to undermine the Mercury and Air Toxics Standards (MATS), long-standing protections that limit the release of more than 80 dangerous and toxic air pollutants from coal-fired power plants and that save thousands of American lives each year. (
  • They are taking the risk with our lives, and that I cannot bear - especially in a community that is overburdened with toxic pollutants," she said. (
  • The oil and gas industry releases an enormous amount of toxic pollutants every year, and communities deserve to know what they're facing. (
  • Arkema Inc., a subsidiary of a French chemical manufacturer, and three of its senior employees are on trial over charges accusing them of releasing toxic pollutants and injuring two sheriff's deputies. (
  • Coal-burning power plants release millions of pounds of toxic pollutants into the air every year, including mercury and carcinogens like arsenic and chromium. (
  • Levin added, "Emissions from local power plants deposit mercury and other toxic metals in nearby rivers and streams, where these pollutants concentrate in aquatic organisms at levels that can make fish unsafe to eat. (
  • One of the big concerns with some of the more recalcitrant compounds [would be] if the plants start accumulating high levels of explosives but don't break them down," Newman said. (
  • Here's a list of the most toxic compounds found in plants . (
  • Corn plants contain toxic compounds called saponins that can cause dilated pupils, excessive salivation and vomiting. (
  • Unfortunately, oleander contains highly toxic compounds, including cardiac glycosides, that have the ability to alter your heart rate and cause nausea, headache, weakness, and even death. (
  • Pigweed contains nitrates, toxic compounds that accumulate over time until they cause organ damage. (
  • A native type of Taxus contains cancer-fighting compounds, but that's not the plant in my front yard. (
  • The requirements will be phased in over an eight-year period for plants that either stop burning coal by 2028 or voluntarily adopt more stringent standards for individual compounds. (
  • Specializing on host plants with toxic secondary compounds enforces specific adaptation in insect herbivores. (
  • These secondary compounds have very different modes of action: Iridoid glycosides are usually activated in the gut of the herbivores by β-glucosidases that may either stem from the food plant or be present in the gut as standard digestive enzymes. (
  • Please be sure to check the name of the plant to determine its toxicity. (
  • Of course, we receive many calls about pets eating chocolate and other treats, but we also answer many questions about the toxicity of the festive plants used to decorate the home and given as gifts during the holiday season. (
  • This problem with the definition of toxicity can be taken to extremes of course, but it is still an important one to consider when one is perusing the massive volumes of toxic plant lists available today on the internet. (
  • One really needs to know HOW toxic it is, under what situations it's toxic, how likely is it to be ingested by a pet (if on a pet toxic plant list) or child, what are the toxic principles, what should one do when confronted with a possible toxicity etc. (
  • Regulators have designed toxicity tests on the premise that pesticides are sprayed on plants and kill insects on contact. (
  • The toxicity in this plant comes from the essential oils. (
  • This plant contains a chemical called tremetol, and its name can help you remember a common sign of toxicity: When it's ingested by cattle, they will typically show muscle tremors. (
  • Landscapers and garden suppliers continue to carry this ubiquitous foundation plant, even though some jurisdictions such as Idaho's Blaine County banned yews because of their toxicity. (
  • The question of the toxicity of brass rather depends on the sensitivity of your plants and critters to copper. (
  • This ubiquitous Christmas plant has an unnecessarily bad reputation for toxicity. (
  • Examples of toxic heavy metals A toxic heavy metal is any relatively dense metal or metalloid that is noted for its potential toxicity, especially in environmental contexts. (
  • The toxic effects of arsenic, mercury, and lead were known to the ancients, but methodical studies of the toxicity of some heavy metals appear to date from only 1868. (
  • Plants listed as either non-toxic, or potentially toxic with mild GI upset as their symptoms are not expected to be life-threatening to your pets. (
  • Many of the calls involve consuming potentially toxic plants. (
  • Otherwise, place barriers around potentially toxic plants. (
  • Bad news: Tulips are potentially toxic! (
  • If you think your pet has eaten something potentially toxic, call Pet Poison Helpline or seek immediate veterinary treatment. (
  • Investigation was conducted into the occurrence and extent of potentially toxic heavy metals and/or trace elements in soils from three study areas in the Eastern Region of Ghana namely Abonse, Pepease and Mamfe. (
  • As we decorate our dwellings for these celebrations, keep in mind that festive plants can be potentially toxic when eaten by your pets. (
  • Even more potentially toxic is the water which nourishes our trees. (
  • The Supreme Court today denied an industry request to reconsider a lower court ruling against a Bush administration rule on mercury emissions from power plants . (
  • Obama's EPA this month announced plans to develop maximum achievable control technology, or MACT, standards for electric utilities that force each individual plant to curb their emissions, as opposed to the Bush administration's cap-and-trade approach that the federal appeals court struck down. (
  • That shameful era is at an end, but thankfully now we can all look forward to strong MACT standards that will sharply reduce mercury emissions from power plants,' Walke said. (
  • The site in southern Italy's Puglia region, formerly owned by Ilva, is at the heart of a huge legal battle during which experts cited by prosecutors have charged that of the 11,550 people who died in the area over seven years, 7,500 were killed by cardiovascular and respiratory diseases and cancers linked to toxic emissions. (
  • The Saline Water Conversion Corporation (SWCC) plans to introduce the clean development mechanism (CDM) for the fourth phase of the Jeddah power and desalination plant to reduce harmful gas emissions, a top SWCC official said here Thursday. (
  • The rules in question are EPA's air toxics standards to control mercury and other poisonous substances from power plants, as well as the Maximum Achievable Control Technology (MACT) standards that govern hazardous emissions from boilers and cement plants. (
  • EPA released the nation's first regulations for toxic power plant emissions on March 16. (
  • Rhone-Poulenc, in the 3400 block of Fairfield Road, is the seventh company along theSouth Baltimore-North County line to agree to cut toxic air emissions during the past year, said Michael Sullivan, a state Department of the Environment spokesman. (
  • Eleven South Baltimore chemical companies, including Rhone-Poulenc, announced in November that they had voluntarily reduced their toxic emissions by 74 percent since 1987. (
  • In fact, Urban Emissions Info, which provides insight into air pollution in urban agglomerations to support public dialogue and policy discussions, indicates that this particular smog episode in Kolkata is influenced by power plant emissions and domestic use of solid fuel. (
  • The measure targets pollution unleashed when power companies clean up coal-fired plants, including sulfur dioxide captured by emissions-control equipment inside smokestacks. (
  • American Electric Power, H.W. Pirkey Power Plant in Harrison County, TX (683 lbs. of mercury emissions). (
  • Together, these 10 facilities account for about 18 percent of mercury emissions from all coal burning power plants nationwide in 2011. (
  • Mercury emissions at three of the top 10 plants (Big Brown, Labadie, and H.W. Pirkey) dropped at least 20 percent last year compared to 2010, but emissions increased or showed little change at the other seven. (
  • For example, emissions of mercury from coal-fired power plants have actually increased in the last decade in the state of Texas. (
  • Researchers have genetically engineered plants with an eye toward neutralizing toxic waste on military bases and mopping up industrial chemicals near manufacturing sites. (
  • But they contain toxic chemicals called glycosides that can affect a cat's heart rate and cause vomiting. (
  • Scientific testing of samples - some collected several miles outside the 1.5-mile evacuation zone - found materials from multiple families of toxic chemicals, according to the letter signed by lawyer Mark F. Underwood. (
  • The EPA has recently proposed a new rule that would require natural gas processing plants to publicly report the toxic chemicals they release. (
  • In response to a petition by nineteen environmental and open-government groups, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency has released proposed regulations that will require natural gas processing plants to start publicly reporting the toxic chemicals they release. (
  • People deserve to know what toxic chemicals are being released near their homes, schools and hospitals. (
  • Under EPA's proposed regulations, approximately 281 to 444 natural gas processing facilities across the U.S. would have to start reporting their releases of toxic chemicals, including xylenes (which can cause breathing problems, headaches, and neurological problems), formaldehyde (which is a carcinogen and damages the respiratory system), and benzene (which can cause cancer). (
  • In support of its proposed rule, EPA has stated that there are 517 natural gas processing facilities in the lower-48 states as of 2012 (a subsequent estimate found 551 facilities in 2014), and more than half of these plants would meet the Toxics Release Inventory's chemical reporting thresholds for twenty-one different toxic chemicals, including benzene (a carcinogen), hydrogen sulfide, n-hexane, and methanol. (
  • Congress established the Toxics Release Inventory in 1986 to inform the public about the release of sometimes carcinogenic chemicals (such as benzene) from industries in the wake of the deadly 1984 Bhopal disaster in India, in which toxic gases killed thousands of local residents. (
  • George Jugovic, Jr., Vice President of Legal Affairs at PennFuture: "EPA's decision to add natural gas processing plants to the Toxics Release Inventory will add critically needed information about the level of toxic chemicals being released by an industry that generally seems adverse to informing the public about the potential health risks of living near these facilities. (
  • Pesticides are a class of chemicals designed to kill pests (rodents, insects, or plants) that may affect agricultural crops or carry diseases like malaria and typhus. (
  • The toxic slew of chemicals left over after hydraulic fracturing are often taken to public water treatment plants that are incapable of filtering out the contaminants. (
  • Fracking wastewater contains a toxic slew of total dissolved solids, organic and inorganic chemicals, and technologically enhanced naturally occurring radioactive material (TENORM), that is very difficult to properly dispose of and filter out. (
  • How might toxic heavy metals and chemicals from fracking waste water, herbicides, pesticides, along with psychotropic drugs, contribute to mass shootings? (
  • Some plants have even adapted to tolerate chemicals that would usually be toxic, such as various heavy metals. (
  • Our research on the venom of Australian stinging trees, found in the country's northeast, shows these dangerous plants can inject unwary wanderers with chemicals much like those found in the stings of scorpions, spiders and cone snails. (
  • The plant grows very quickly and contains chemicals known as photo-sensitising furanocoumarins. (
  • HOUSTON (CBSDFW.COM/AP) - A company that owns a suburban Houston chemical plant jeopardized public safety when it failed to remove dangerous chemicals ahead of Hurricane Harvey in 2017, resulting in a fire that sent toxic smoke into the air and injured first responders, prosecutors told jurors on Thursday. (
  • Arkema believed it was safer to keep the chemicals at the plant, where they could be safely monitored, instead of on roadways during a pending hurricane, she said. (
  • The Malaysian Fire and Rescue Department director-general Mohammad Hamdan Wahid explained that the further spread of toxic fumes could have been prevented if the illegally dumped chemicals found earlier were immediately removed. (
  • The young shoots of the horsetail plant, as well as the pulp that grows within the stems, is actually edible for humans, as long as it is consumed in small quantities. (
  • As the plant matures, the stems become very stiff and abrasive. (
  • The leaves and stems of these plants is particularly toxic. (
  • The problem stems from the plants' newness in the landscape. (
  • Its leaves, stems, roots, flowers and seeds contain toxic components which can be transferred by contact and make exposed skin extremely sensitive to sunlight. (
  • Seeds are the most toxic followed by leaves and stems. (
  • This year I understand he was a speaker at the Seeds of Change Bioneers Conference in San Francisco, speaking about bioremediation using plants. (
  • Consumption of the young plant and seeds can cause digestive upset, nervousness and depression. (
  • Larkspur Consumption of the young plant and seeds can. (
  • Wannabe foragers can also mistake the finely dissected leaves of the young plants for parsley, or the seeds for anise. (
  • From the careful observations of many historians, there seems little doubt that the Grecian state potion used at Athens as a mode of execution of those condemned to death by the tribunal of Areopagus, was principally, if not wholly, composed of the fresh juice of the leaves and green seeds of this plant. (
  • Each plant produces a few hundred seeds, which can be carried away by the wind or accidentally spread during soil transport. (
  • Neonicotinoids -- members of a relatively new class of insecticides -- are applied to crop seeds before planting. (
  • Simply plant the seeds in a pot (any size will do), and within a couple of weeks you'll have a thick, luscious patch of greenery for kitty to enjoy. (
  • Although beautiful to look at, all parts of these delicate flowers - from the seeds to the petals - are extremely toxic to dogs and ingestion can cause cardiac failure and even death, the Pet Poison Helpline warns. (
  • The seeds within the berries are toxic. (
  • The plant will bloom and produce seeds throughout the entire growing season, even in the early spring before good established pasture is available. (
  • All parts of the plant are toxic (with the highest concentration in the roots & seeds) to equines. (
  • Call a professional or local authorities who can properly destroy the plant and its seeds. (
  • Because the Shiprock range is nearly devoid of forage, cattle tend to supplement their diet with any plant species just to fill their stomachs, he said. (
  • Asclepias species, aka milkweed, are also toxic to animals. (
  • Mistletoe - There are several species of mistletoe, and store-bought mistletoe plants will commonly have the berries replaced with plastic berries. (
  • Obviously strawberries are not toxic to everyone, but for those that are allergic to them, I would certainly consider them far more dangerous and 'toxic' than any Euphorbia species. (
  • Amanita phalloides is the most commonly reported severely toxic species of mushroom in the US but other Amanita species are toxic. (
  • With over 1,000 species, it's important that the household plant you choose isn't part of the begoniaceae family. (
  • Mushrooms are renowned for being difficult to identify, and many species are toxic. (
  • Ribbon plant is a common name used for many species of Dracaena plants. (
  • Dracaena species plants contain saponins which may cause drooling, vomiting, weakness, incoordination and dilated pupils (cats) when ingested. (
  • Does anyone know of species I should not plant? (
  • The entire genus of this plant species is extremely dangerous to dogs. (
  • It attacks a wide variety of field, garden, greenhouse, nursery and ornamental plants as well as several weed species. (
  • Consider carefully if plant species particularly susceptible to spider mite infestations are worth their keep. (
  • A crew from Brodhead-based Applied Ecological Services surveyed the Sheboygan neighborhood where the plants were found and sprayed more than 800 plants with herbicide last week, said Scott Horzen, a board member of the Southeastern Wisconsin Invasive Species Consortium, which helped to oversee the eradication plan. (
  • In this review, we focus on two compound classes, iridoid glycosides and cardenolides, which can be found in the food plants of a large number of insect species that display various degrees of adaptation to them. (
  • DAFFODIL (Amaryllis family): The bulbs of plants in the Amaryllis family are poisonous if eaten. (
  • The horsetail plant, or Equisetum arvense, is a potentially poisonous plant if eaten in large quantities, and for livestock such as horses and cows, can cause serious damage if consumed at all. (
  • Once you start reading, it's an eye-opener to realize how many plants can be toxic or irritating depending on what part of the plant is eaten, or if it's in excessive amounts, or raw versus uncooked. (
  • More and more outdoor enthusiasts are gaining interest in wild edibles or foraging the forest for local plants that can be eaten. (
  • Further, many crackers, snack items, chips, fast foods, and canned vegetables (unrinsed) if eaten in sufficient quantities may actually be toxic to birds. (
  • If you think your horse has eaten something toxic call your vet right away. (
  • I am quite certain that he has eaten or chewed on a poisonous to dog's plant of some type but i am really getting scared. (
  • ie some plants are life threatening after only a few leaves are ingested, whereas others become toxic only after being eaten in large quantities over a longer period of time. (
  • Plant must be eaten over several days at doses similar to PA containing plants. (
  • Plant is typically eaten when no other food is present. (
  • Beginning in 2018, power plants would have had to begin showing that they were using the most up-to-date technology to remove heavy metals from their wastewater and finalize these updates by 2023. (
  • The new Trump regulation ignores a federal appeals court ruling last year ordering the EPA to establish requirements for managing coal ash-laden wastewater that power plants generated until 2018. (
  • 26/02/2018 10:00 26/02/2018 11:00 Sharon Kleyne Hour First guest: Glen Fellman (Rockville, MD), Executive Director, Indoor Air Quality Association Topic: "Toxic dangers in your home. (
  • Hazen says something has to be done with the plants after they take up toxins from the soil. (
  • Passed in 2011 when McCarthy headed the EPA's Office of Air and Radiation, the standards were the first of their kind to curb the air pollution from notoriously dirty power plants that burn coal and oil and release toxins like arsenic, lead, acid gases, and mercury into the air. (
  • gastrointestinal tract affected by plant toxins. (
  • cardiovascular system affected by plant toxins. (
  • In fact, monarchs have evolved so milkweed toxins don't harm their larvae, but rather make the butterflies themselves toxic to predators. (
  • A weed with small yellow flowers, this plant contains toxins that affect the liver. (
  • The plant produces tall, hollow stalks that dry in the late summer and there are many stories about children succumbing to the toxins after using the stalks to make whistles. (
  • It becomes more toxic later in the year because toxins build up during the course of the growing season. (
  • Not a palatable plant for horses, this is one to simply be aware of as it contains cardiogenic toxins and aconitum which affect cardiovascular system. (
  • However, that progress is uneven, and the dirtiest plants continue to churn out thousands of pounds of toxins that can be hazardous to human health even in small concentrations. (
  • Just as some berries are toxic to humans, they can also be hazardous to pond wildlife. (
  • Like humans, they have to consume a lot of the plant to suffer ill effects, but they can consume much more in a single setting, and are more likely to be exposed to it repeatedly. (
  • The plant is known to be toxic to both humans and animals, and has often produced fatalities. (
  • Jimson Weed is not only toxic to cats, but at some level toxic to humans as well. (
  • Xylitol is safe for humans, but is very toxic to cats. (
  • In future studies, the researchers will have to examine whether sulfoquinovose in the intestine is indeed metabolized to hydrogen sulfide, which is a toxic compound for humans. (
  • But realistically what are the toxic dangers to my pets, and humans in my yard? (
  • These beautiful flowers are toxic to all animals, livestock and humans included. (
  • The Moonseed can be found in many states and produces fruit that is similar in appearance to grapes, but the plant-from roots and leaves to fruit-is toxic to humans because of a plant metabolite called dauricine. (
  • It should be noted that although wild grapes are safe for humans to eat, all grapes are toxic to dogs. (
  • Now that I know about the deaths the yew trees have caused, a moderately OK plant that is deadly to humans and wildlife is not even close to being OK in my front yard. (
  • Yew is highly toxic to livestock and even to humans. (
  • Topic: "The effect of air quality on humans, plants and water. (
  • Plants that are listed as poisonous to humans and other animals should absolutely be considered deadly to birds . (
  • The most common way it spreads, however, is by humans who are attracted by its size and decide to plant it. (
  • They're also really toxic to horses, and used to prevent/treat parasites in humans. (
  • ingestion of plant- and animal-based foods are the largest sources of heavy metals in humans. (
  • For humans, typical presentations associated with exposure to any of the "classical" toxic heavy metals, or chromium (another toxic heavy metal) or arsenic (a metalloid), are shown in the table. (
  • In Common Poisonous Plants and Mushrooms of North America (Timber Press, 1991) by Nancy J. Turner and Adam F. Szczawinski, the authors note that "poison hemlock contains a group of closely related poisonous alkaloids" that "are structurally related to nicotine, and act similarly, producing initial stimulation followed by severe depression of the central nervous system, resulting in paralysis, slowing of the heart, convulsions, and death from respiratory paralysis. (
  • The Barbados Lily belongs to the Amaryllidaceae family and is toxic due to lycorine and other alkaloids. (
  • The plant carries toxic alkaloids called Y-coniceine and coniine. (
  • Daffodils contain lycorine and other alkaloids that are toxic to dogs, American Kennel Club Chief Veterinary expert, Dr. Jerry Klein, told Newsweek. (
  • Yew contains several different toxic alkaloids which are collectively referred to as taxine. (
  • Due to pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PA) present in the plant. (
  • DALLAS (AP) - Tests detected toxic substances in soil, water and ash samples taken miles from a chemical plant that flooded during Hurricane Harvey, caught fire and partially exploded, nearly 20 Houston -area residents said Monday. (
  • Some substances are very mildly toxic, but if one were to ingest enough of it, significant poisoning could occur. (
  • All of these substances are toxic or harmful to people, animals and the planet. (
  • Mistletoe contains multiple substances toxic to both dogs and cats, including oxalbumin and pharatoxin viscumin (Lectins, Phoratoxins). (
  • Two key suspects, believed to be instrumental in arranging for the transportation of the toxic substances, were arrested on 19 March, bringing the total arrests to 11 with one suspect later released under bail after he is proven to be unrelated to the case. (
  • Power plants represent the largest industrial source of toxic wastewater pollution around the country. (
  • By the EPA's own estimates, discharges from steam-based power plants, many using coal, are the nation's third-largest source of toxic wastewater, occurring near more than 1,500 public wells and where roughly 100 public drinking water utilities pull water for treatment. (
  • The bulb is more toxic and ingestion of the bulb, especially in large amounts, can possibly result in weakness, tremors, seizures, and changes in blood pressure. (
  • In general, it would take ingestion of a large amount of this plant to see possible clinical signs in your pet. (
  • Here is my list of common winter holiday plants and the clinical signs our canine and feline companions can exhibit post-ingestion. (
  • Becoming aware of these toxic plants and to being able to recognize them in your pasture or hay can greatly reduce the chance that your horse will suffer from toxic ingestion. (
  • Also, be advised that the consumption of any plant material may cause vomiting and gastrointestinal upset for dogs and cats. (
  • Are Ostrich Ferns and other outdoor Perennials toxic to cats? (
  • It should be said that most cats will not eat plants outdoors, as long as grass is available. (
  • From personal experience, I have had at one time or another over 40 cats, and I have yet to lose one from ingesting harmful plants. (
  • Listed here are plants poisonous to cats that must be avoided if there are cats in your home. (
  • According to the ASPCA, these are the most toxic plants to cats. (
  • Keep cats away during planting season because bulbs of these plants present the biggest threat. (
  • Surprisingly, the ASPCA indicates poison ivy as non-toxic to cats, dogs, and horses, though if they get it on their fur, they can spread urushiol, the compound that causes skin irritation familiar to all who have wandered too close to poison ivy. (
  • It's fascinating that animals like dogs, cats, and horses are affected by plants so differently than people are. (
  • There are various foods that are toxic to cats. (
  • It's becoming more widely known that chocolate is very toxic to both cats and dogs. (
  • Although milk is not toxic to cats, it may have adverse effects. (
  • Green, unripe tomatoes contain a poisonous alkaloid called Glycoalkaloid Solanine (common to all members of the Solanaceae family of plants), which can cause violent lower gastrointestinal problems in cats. (
  • Some members of the Lilly family of plants can result in serious illness in cats. (
  • Ingesting any part of the plant can cause rapid breathing, pulse, dilated pupils, twitching and diarrhea among cats. (
  • This plant has ricin, making it one of the most highly toxic house plants to dogs and cats. (
  • Because of the soluble calcium oxalates, this plant is toxic to both dogs and cats. (
  • Let's Talk Non-Toxic Plants for Cats - What Plants Can Your Cat Eat? (
  • Let's talk about non-toxic plants for cats … and toxic plants for cats to avoid at all costs. (
  • but what plants can cats eat? (
  • Are there any non-toxic plants for cats? (
  • Fortunately, there are several non-toxic plants for cats you can grow at home on your patio garden, satisfying your human need to be surrounded by colorful living things while simultaneously ensuring kitty will be safe if she decides to make your window box into a breakfast buffet. (
  • remember that cats are mad about meat, so plants are not a vital component of their diet). (
  • Here is a list of some of the more common plants that are poisonous to birds, dogs, cats, equine and other domesticated livestock as well. (
  • AcelorMittal began leasing the plant -- with an obligation to buy it -- in November, and is investing 2.4 billion euros ($2.67 billion) to revive it, including 1.2 billion euros to curb pollution by 2024. (
  • At the time of their passing, NRDC clean air expert John Walke dubbed MATS the "most important action to clean up air pollution from dirty coal-burning power plants since the Clean Air Act was last updated in 1990. (
  • A senior EPA official on Monday said the updated rule would save the coal industry $140 million each year, and the agency estimated that the change would still reduce pollution by 1 million pounds annually compared to the 2015 rule because some plants would voluntarily adopt stricter controls than what the agency requires. (
  • The new rule pushes the final deadline for compliance to 2025, and it exempts several dozen plants from stricter water pollution limits entirely, on the grounds that they will be retired between now and 2028. (
  • They argued that the Obama administration's rule was based on years of peer-reviewed studies, input from health experts and a mountain of public comments - and that stricter oversight is needed, given the amount of pollution generated by the plants. (
  • The groups asked EPA to require facilities in the oil and gas extraction industry to report their toxic pollution to the federal Toxics Release Inventory (TRI), an online public database that has existed for thirty years and to which most other industries have long reported. (
  • EPA isn't proposing to make them stop, just requiring these companies to let people know about toxic pollution released near their homes, schools, and workplaces. (
  • Based on these estimates, the oil and gas extraction industry releases more toxic pollution to the air than any other industry except for power plants. (
  • Anne Havemann, General Counsel at the Chesapeake Climate Action Network: "The public has a right to know when toxic and harmful pollution is released, and this right does not end at fracked-gas processing facilities. (
  • Utilities and business groups say the anti-pollution rules would be too costly to implement and would force early shutdowns of power plants, threatening jobs and economic recovery. (
  • For instance, there were concerns that EPA would force all power plants to use the same kind of pollution-control technology. (
  • The Trump administration is relaxing Obama-era requirements stemming toxic heavy metal pollution from coal-fired power plants. (
  • The measure gives plant operators flexibility in adopting newer, faster-acting treatment methods the EPA says are more affordable and just as good at paring pollution as technology dictated by the earlier regulation. (
  • we just get the pollution," said Ardis Doolin, a Will County resident who testified about her own respiratory disease from the Romeoville plant. (
  • According to a study by the Clean Air Task Force in 2010, an estimated 120 deaths, 2,000 asthma attacks and 180 heart attacks are attributed annually to pollution from the Will County and Joliet coal plants. (
  • After Midwest Generation purchased the coal plants the black clouds of pollution not only increased but we began living in fear of explosions from this facility. (
  • As I am sure you know, the coal-burning electric power industry and its friends on Capitol Hill are pulling out all the stops to derail proposed EPA mercury/toxic pollution standards for coal and oil-burning electric power plants. (
  • WASHINGTON, D.C.///January 3, 2013///Even though mercury and other hazardous air pollution from U.S. power plants are declining, the progress at the coal-fired power plants are uneven, leaving in place a significant remaining risk to the health of the public and environment, according to a new report by the Environmental Integrity Project (EIP). (
  • The 2019 Kim Kim River toxic pollution is a water pollution incident that occurred on 7 March 2019 caused by illegal chemical waste dumping at the Kim Kim River in Pasir Gudang of Johor in Malaysia. (
  • Giving coal companies a free pass to dump more toxic heavy metals like mercury and arsenic into our waters is a travesty," Brett Hartl, government affairs director for the Center for Biological Diversity, said in an email. (
  • Under the Environmental Protection Agency rule unveiled Monday, electricity companies would have more time and flexibility to treat power plant wastewater that contains mercury, arsenic and other toxic heavy metals. (
  • Coal plant wastewater can contain heavy metals, including arsenic, a neurotoxin that can cause cancer and impair the brains of developing children. (
  • A Toxic Test: Can Plants Be Genetically Resistant to Heavy Metals? (
  • In this plant biology science project, you will investigate whether different varieties of the same plant (the well-studied Arabidopsis thaliana ) are more resistant to heavy metals than others. (
  • Science Buddies , 6 Nov. 2017, (
  • Some elements otherwise regarded as toxic heavy metals are essential, in small quantities, for human health. (
  • Heavy metals enter plant, animal and human tissues via air inhalation, diet, and manual handling. (
  • Toxic heavy metals can bioaccumulate in organisms as they are hard to metabolize. (
  • Broadly, long-term exposure to toxic heavy metals can have carcinogenic, central and peripheral nervous system, and circulatory effects. (
  • Well, you may not know that the leaves and the root of the rhubarb plant are highly toxic. (
  • Also known as pie plant, rhubarb belongs to the polygonaceae family. (
  • Poinsettia - It is a myth that poinsettias are a highly toxic plant. (
  • One is truly deadly toxic and the other is hardly worth mentioning (that would be the poinsettia that really shouldn't even be included in most toxic plant lists since it is only barely toxic). (
  • Where corn and soybeans cover the agricultural landscape, as in much of Eastern Canada, virtually every planted seed is coated with neonicotinoids. (
  • Symptoms related to plant poisoning are numerous and vague, and are best left for the experts. (
  • Tomatoes and Green (raw Potatoes): These foods are members of the Solanaceae family of plants, which includes the Deadly Nightshade, and contain a bitter, poisonous alkaloid called Glycoalkaloid Solanine, which can cause violent lower gastrointestinal symptoms. (
  • Here are some specific plants you should keep out of your home/garden if you have pets and the symptoms you should be on the lookout for in case your pet gets into one of them, whether at home or somewhere else. (
  • Symptoms of a dog coming into contact with a toxic plant include vomiting, diarrhea, difficulty breathing, salivation and weakness. (
  • Symptoms might be delayed for several days, the American Kennel Club warns, so it is important to seek veterinary attention if you suspect your dog has ingested the plant. (
  • It has symptoms and pictures of the plants. (
  • People who have ponds typically need to pay close attention to the plant life surrounding the pond area, as well as any tree leaves, flowers or berries that often fall into the pond water. (
  • The former is a fairly rare garden plant (for obvious reasons) with berries that unfortunately look a bit like blueberries. (
  • All parts of the plant are toxic except for the berries. (
  • Your pet's Christmas will not be so "holly-jolly" if the berries or leaves from the plant are consumed. (
  • Entire plant, especially the berries. (
  • John Walke, a senior attorney at the Natural Resources Defense Council, said the Obama administration would end eight years of efforts to stave off mercury controls for power plants. (
  • The agency will now embark on several years of MACT rulemaking for power plants with no mercury regulations in place in the meantime, Zeugin said. (
  • The Trump administration on Monday weakened a 2015 regulation that would have forced coal plants to treat wastewater with more modern, effective methods in order to curb toxic metals such as arsenic and mercury from contaminating lakes, rivers and streams near their facilities. (
  • And a pair of new studies has revealed traces of toxic mercury can be found in many popular food items containing high-fructose corn syrup. (
  • That has helped cut down on the release of mercury, toxic metals and acid gases from power plants over the last ten years. (
  • I have to explain that hemlock trees aren't toxic in the least. (
  • Also called Water Hemlock, this common plant grows in wet places like on riverbanks. (
  • The herbaceous hemlock plant (not the coniferous tree, Tsuga ) can be found in every US state but Hawaii. (
  • In North Carolina, after stepping up their monitoring efforts at 14 coal-fired power plants, state regulators have found elevated levels of metals in the groundwater near the power plants' coal ash dump sites . (
  • In Puerto Rico, there's a growing struggle of residents across the island who are demanding the island's only coal-fired power plant be closed-and that the private company, AES , stop dumping toxic coal ash near the southern town of Peñuelas. (
  • Activists poured buckets of toxic coal ash from the island's only coal-fired power plant onto the steps of the Capitol building to draw attention to the growing struggle of Puerto Ricans across the island who want the plant closed and are blockading the trucks dumping the poisonous waste near their town. (
  • Plant operators also often rely on water to flush toxic coal ash from the bottom of furnaces. (
  • The earlier 2015 measure compelled power companies to stop using water in favor of dry-handling methods for coal ash - an approach industry groups called too stringent and said would force more plant closures. (
  • MILWAUKEE (AP) - A giant invasive plant with toxic sap that can burn human skin has turned up in southeastern Wisconsin for the first time, state environmental officials say. (
  • From time to time, I've discussed in this space various plants the Cherokees and early settlers utilized for medicinal, edible and utilitarian purposes. (
  • Some sources say it's edible but several other sources say it toxic to chickens because it's leaves hold a volatile oil. (
  • There are many doppelganger plants that mimic edible plants but are not edible. (
  • The following plants mimic commonly found edible plants, but they are particularly toxic. (
  • This article is intended only to raise awareness but is not by any means a complete list of toxic plants or a guide for identifying edible plants. (
  • OK, so those are good reasons to have any plant, but as I've learned about natural and edible landscaping, I've grown increasingly pickier about calling a plant "good. (
  • They are toxic to earthworms and other soil organisms. (
  • Zinc is essential for optimal plant growth and development but when high levels of the metal are present in the soil, it can become toxic to the plant. (
  • Why waste good soil on a plant that does little more than filter air and produce oxygen? (
  • Mist plant foliage periodically to increase humidity around the plant, and avoid high temperatures and soil-moisture stress. (
  • plant contains cardiac glycosides. (
  • The plant contains cardiac glycosides such as digitoxin, digoxin, and digitalin. (
  • plant may absorb toxic levels of selenium. (
  • Ginger - This powerful plant helps the body absorb nutrients, and its anti-inflammatory qualities cure joint pain. (
  • This movie premise may be far-fetched, but scientists say summer is a good time to familiarize yourself with toxic plants that can be harmful to your health. (
  • Still, if you're of the "safe rather than sorry" frame of mind, you need to know which plants are potentially harmful, and by what degree. (
  • Not only does it list the plants, like castor bean, dumbcane, and oleander, it also lists what parts of the plant are toxic, how much of it is considered to be harmful, and warning signs that may signal your pet being poisoned. (
  • Click on the name below to learn about common foods and plants that are harmful to dogs. (
  • But, if you have a feline, that beautiful plant could become a deadly enemy. (
  • So deadly nightshade is a truly extremely dangerous plant to children. (
  • Also known as black nightshade or deadly nightshade, this plant is part of the solanaceae family. (
  • Wild grapes can be a delicious treat to enjoy on a hike, but you want to be sure you are not mistaking them for a deadly mimic, the Moonseed plant. (
  • also they don't specify whether a certain plant is deadly, or merely bad tasting. (
  • The plant, which employs 128 city and county residents, was previously owned by Alcolac, a firm linked in 1988 with the suspected manufacture of deadly mustard gas in Iran and Iraq. (
  • Anyone who spends time outdoors in eastern Australia is wise to keep an eye out for snakes, spiders, swooping birds, crocodiles, deadly cone snails and tiny toxic jellyfish. (
  • And ranchers say the purple plant known as the tall mountain larkspur is the likely cause. (
  • The ASPCA also lists the ti plant (Cordyline terminalis), another widely used landscaping plant, which tends to be too tall for a pet to reach. (
  • Sometimes tall and spiny, other times appearing relatively innocuous, many toxic weeds exist throughout the U.S., and it's easy to get overwhelmed trying to learn about them all (not to mention toxic flowers and trees). (
  • Hoary alyssum is a herbaceous plant with a grayish green stem and typically 1 to 4 feet tall. (
  • From my kitchen window we were aware of the coal fired power plant with the 4 tall stacks but didn't think much about it prior to purchasing our land. (
  • Local anti-nuclear activists have also lashed out at the plant's operator, saying the Edison Company misled the NRC about modifications made at the plant. (
  • It follows the line of the toxic leaks that were reported in February, when at one point around 100 tons of highly radioactive water leaked from one the plant's tanks. (
  • The Fukushima Daiichi plant tragedy with nuclear meltdown of three of the plant's six nuclear reactors was caused by an earthquake-triggered tsunami in March 2011. (
  • The overall physical appearance of a plant based on its genotype is called the plant's phenotype . (
  • The increase came as the public debate intensified over the plant's continued use of highly toxic hydrofluoric acid, which the South Coast Air Quality Management District has proposed phasing out. (
  • Many powerful lawmakers, mostly Democrats, as well as the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) have put their weight behind the biomass plants, which burn trees, construction debris, poultry litter and agricultural mass to create alternative energy. (
  • Hobby Farms has published a list of plants toxic to poultry and there are many overlaps. (
  • This common plant grows in Europe, Asia and North America, but resist the temptation to pick its beautiful flowers. (
  • Toxic Plants of North America, Second Edition is an up-to-date, comprehensive reference for both wild and cultivated toxic plants on the North American continent. (
  • My neighbor has a huge Oleander tree in his yard with lilies planted around it. (
  • In Medicinal Plants (James C. Yorston & Co., 1982), Charles F. Millspaugh observes that "the history of this fetid, poisonous plant dates back to about the fifth century before Christ. (
  • Here are some of the most powerful medicinal plants you'd do well to stock up in your kitchen. (
  • The ASPCA's Poison Control hotline receives around 150,000 calls due to accidental pet poisonings, so it's very important you keep these plants away from your pets. (
  • But this plant has been long known as a poison. (
  • Native Americans used the juice of the plant to poison the tips of their arrows during battles. (
  • These common household plants contain insoluble calcium oxalate crystals and chewing or biting the leaves or stem will release these crystals causing a toxic effect, the Pet Poison helpline warns. (
  • My colleagues and I are working on a promising lead for a male birth control pill based on ouabain - a plant extract that African warriors and hunters traditionally used as a heart-stopping poison on their arrows. (
  • Should your feline friend eat part of a poisonous plant, rush the cat to your veterinarian as soon as possible. (
  • This list contains plants that have been reported as having systemic effects on animals and/or intense effects on the gastrointestinal tract. (
  • The Texas State Department of Health and the National Safety Council provides a list of the state's most common toxic plants. (
  • TOKYO (AP) - Six workers at Japan's crippled nuclear power plant have been accidentally doused with highly radioactive water, the plant operator said Wednesday, adding to a growing list of mishaps that are shaking confidence in the utility's ability to handle the crisis. (
  • If your cat likes chomping on plants, this one goes on the "do not purchase" list. (
  • The ASPCA list of toxic plants includes the very common Lantana camara. (
  • That may seem like an odd question, but is one that has bothered me for years, and particularly as I read another senseless, long list of toxic plants on the internet. (
  • I am not seriously saying one should include strawberries on a toxic plant list. (
  • However, a toxic plant list should at least have some more information than just listing the plant name and saying it is toxic. (
  • I really think that just making an appearance on a toxic plant list is minimally useful and sometimes very misleading 'information' about that plant. (
  • These are the sorts of questions I wish most toxic plants lists would at least discuss or touch upon, rather than simply consisting of a mind-numbing list of plant names. (
  • That assessment of oleander would never be included in any toxic plant list unfortunately- too risky (see below)! (
  • With such an extensive list of cat/dog toxic plants, it's critical to know which ones you should keep out of reach of your pets, or better yet - pass on to someone else who doesn't have animals. (
  • Below are brief descriptions of some common toxic plants, but this is not an exhaustive list. (
  • Oat grass, typically marketed as "cat grass," is on our list of cat-friendly plants. (
  • Though not an inclusive list, it contains the toxic plants that are most likely to affect horses. (
  • Here is a list of plants that are toxic to your dogs. (
  • Unlike the other plants in this list, the toxic mechanism is unknown. (
  • Over-consumption of the plant will result in weakness, twitching and convulsions, lack of coordination and, potentially, death. (
  • Plant defenses and predation risk differentially shape patterns of consumption, growth, and digestive efficiency in a guild of leaf-chewing insects. (
  • Most toxic plant consumption is a result of circumstance rather than a desire to eat the offending plant. (
  • Oleander is very toxic to both children and rabbits, though neither are likely to eat them. (
  • So I would consider oleander in most situations a potential hazard, but realistically a relatively safe plant to have around. (
  • Since Oleander is a cardiotoxic plant, arrhythmias almost always accompany GI signs. (
  • these are just some of the plants you may commonly encounter that may be a health threat to your pet. (
  • Neonicotinoids alter the social behavior of bees and indeed, neither the honey bee nor the bumble bee seem able to avoid the plants sprayed with neonicotinoids, and forage elsewhere, according to tests made with the three most commonly used neonicotinoids, imidacloprid (IMD), thiamethoxam (TMX), and clothianidin (CLO). (
  • Unlike most of the toxic plants we have featured recently, yew is not commonly found in pastures or hay but is rather an ornamental plant. (
  • This bulletin covers 12 toxic plants that are commonly found in Michigan pastures and hayfields. (
  • State regulators have found boron, arsenic, selenium and other toxic metals near 14 power plants, all in excess of state health standards. (
  • While pretty to look at, all parts of the plant are toxic, even the flowers. (
  • Desert woodrats frequently dine on the highly toxic creosote bush, but how do they do so without getting sick? (
  • Other highly toxic plants in this region include climbing nightshade (Solanum dulcamara), dolls'-eyes (Actaea pachypoda), false hellebore (Veratrum viride and V. parviflorum), jimsonweed (Datura stramonium), and May-apple or American mandrake (Podophyllum peltatum). (
  • Navajo botanist and geologist Arnold Clifford takes photos of a blue flower plant that is highly toxic to cattle in the Shiprock, N.M. desert. (
  • The operator of Japan's crippled Fukushima nuclear plant on Thursday said another tank holding highly contaminated water is leaking, and that some of the liquid may have reached the Pacific Ocean, the second such breach in less than two months. (
  • And several common plants can actually be highly toxic. (
  • Which common plants are also highly toxic? (
  • Maybe you didn't know that some varieties are highly toxic. (
  • And it's known as one of the most highly toxic plants on Earth. (
  • While the entire plant is highly toxic, especially in its raw state, the most poisonous compound is aconitine. (
  • All parts of the plant are highly toxic and remain so even after the plant has become dried. (
  • VETERINARY experts are warning dog owners to keep their pets away from flowers and plants that are highly poisonous that can even have fatal consequences. (
  • That's right, research has demonstrated that certain plants are highly effective natural air purifiers. (
  • Magnesium is a highly flammable metal that, if ignited, can release irritating or toxic fumes. (
  • The toxic dose of yew is between 0.10 and 1% of body weight for cattle and 0.05% and 0.2% of body weight for horses. (
  • In general, horses instinctively stay away from most toxic plants in pasture situations. (
  • Hay can be a challenge because horses can't always sort the toxic plants as they do in pasture situations. (
  • Being the grazing, foraging animals that horses are, it is no wonder that horse owners get worried about toxic plants. (
  • Horses usually avoid PA containing plants unless no other food is available. (
  • Check out further reading at The University of Florida at or search for toxic plants at . (
  • Roots are the most toxic followed by the leaves, fresh or dried. (
  • While flowers may add colour and scent to the pond area, many are extremely toxic to fish and frogs. (
  • These beautiful flowering bushes (azaleas are shown above) are common in landscaped yards, but all three related plants are extremely toxic, and curious browsers such as goats are frequent victims. (
  • These pretty plants contain colchicine, which is extremely toxic to dogs, notes Klein. (
  • In "The Happening," common plants release a neurotoxin that threatens the survival of the human race. (
  • It's common knowledge that some plants can cause serious illness or even death if consumed incorrectly - and some if consumed at all. (
  • To keep your pets safe, avoid having any of these common plants around your home. (
  • Other common euphorbias include crotons, crown of thorns, and many other cactus-like plants. (
  • As a kid, did you ever use this common plant to see who liked butter? (
  • There's many different plants with the common name mallow. (
  • For one, become familiar with the most common toxic plants in your geographical area. (
  • Many common herbs used for seasoning are also among cat-safe plants , including basil, dill, catmint, parsley and rosemary. (
  • Although numerous plants can create problems to horse health, the reality is that poisonings from toxic plants are not all that common under most circumstances. (
  • Become familiar with common toxic plants in the area, what they look like and in what season they are likely to be present. (
  • Pay particular attention during dry weather - many toxic plants can survive dry conditions better than common pasture grasses. (
  • Monitor fencerows in sacrifice areas and turnout lots - this is a common place to find toxic plants. (
  • They are evergreen-like plants that varies in size, from a small ornamental to a small tree. (
  • Ornamental plants such as English and Japanese yews are used in and around cities, suburbs and rural homes, often placed to intentionally discourage wildlife from browsing. (
  • Because I don't normally pay much attention to ornamental landscaping plants unless they are terribly invasive, I didn't know what a yew looked like. (
  • Aphids infest nearly all types of indoor, greenhouse, garden and ornamental plants. (
  • Thrips attack the foliage, buds and flowers of many vegetable, ornamental and flowering plants. (
  • It was brought to the United Kingdom and to the United States in 1917 as an ornamental plant. (
  • Some additional names for this plant are fire lily, ridderstjerene, lily of the palace, and amaryllis. (
  • Unfortunately, the beauty of the Amaryllis is matched by its potential to be toxic. (
  • The Detroit Wastewater Treatment Plant, which converts human waste from the Detroit Wastewater Treatment Plant into marketable fertilizer, opened last year off West Jefferson in southwest Detroit. (
  • For instance, though the agency would allow power plants to discharge some wastewater from furnace bottoms - a change from the 2015 rule's prohibition - state regulators will decide what volumes can be be released. (
  • The wastewater can even inhibit the treatment plant from filtering out regular waste. (
  • Clean Water Action, an environmental group that supports the EPA's new rule, said that oil drilling companies are finding new ways to dump their wastewater, sealing it in underground injection wells, running it through ineffective industrial treatment plants and "recycling" it. (
  • In two papers published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, researchers describe how they have genetically engineered plants to take up the toxic, chemical by products of military and manufacturing operations. (
  • The eighth largest chemical manufacturerin the world, Rhone-Poulenc purchased the 7-acre plant on Fairfield Road in 1989. (
  • Carroll cement manufacturing plant reduces toxic chemical. (
  • The Superfund, created from assessments on chemical industries, is used to finance cleanups of toxic waste sites nationwide. (
  • Two deputies were injured after going into a toxic cloud released when one of the trailers burned after the chemical combusted, he said. (
  • Hungary has said it will take immediate action to clean up a disused Budapest chemical plant after Greenpeace warned of a potential environmental catastrophe at the site. (
  • The environmental group last week described conditions at the defunct Budapest Chemical Works as 'near catastrophic,' with rusted barrels full of inflammable and toxic materials stored in the open air. (
  • All parts of the plant can be toxic and even small ingestions of the plant are dangerous to dogs. (
  • Toxic plant that burns skin, causes blindness spreading in U.S. (