Plants whose roots, leaves, seeds, bark, or other constituent parts possess therapeutic, tonic, purgative, curative or other pharmacologic attributes, when administered to man or animals.
PLANTS, or their progeny, whose GENOME has been altered by GENETIC ENGINEERING.
Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)
Concentrated pharmaceutical preparations of plants obtained by removing active constituents with a suitable solvent, which is evaporated away, and adjusting the residue to a prescribed standard.
Proteins found in plants (flowers, herbs, shrubs, trees, etc.). The concept does not include proteins found in vegetables for which VEGETABLE PROTEINS is available.
The usually underground portions of a plant that serve as support, store food, and through which water and mineral nutrients enter the plant. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982; Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)
The functional hereditary units of PLANTS.
Systems of medicine based on cultural beliefs and practices handed down from generation to generation. The concept includes mystical and magical rituals (SPIRITUAL THERAPIES); PHYTOTHERAPY; and other treatments which may not be explained by modern medicine.
The study of plant lore and agricultural customs of a people. In the fields of ETHNOMEDICINE and ETHNOPHARMACOLOGY, the emphasis is on traditional medicine and the existence and medicinal uses of PLANTS and PLANT EXTRACTS and their constituents, both historically and in modern times.
New immature growth of a plant including stem, leaves, tips of branches, and SEEDLINGS.
Use of plants or herbs to treat diseases or to alleviate pain.
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of plants.
Processes orchestrated or driven by a plethora of genes, plant hormones, and inherent biological timing mechanisms facilitated by secondary molecules, which result in the systematic transformation of plants and plant parts, from one stage of maturity to another.
The parts of plants, including SEEDS.
Plants or plant parts which are harmful to man or other animals.
Parts of plants that usually grow vertically upwards towards the light and support the leaves, buds, and reproductive structures. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)
Basic functional unit of plants.
Material prepared from plants.
A system of traditional medicine which is based on the beliefs and practices of the African peoples. It includes treatment by medicinal plants and other materia medica as well as by the ministrations of diviners, medicine men, witch doctors, and sorcerers.
The study of the actions and properties of medicinal agents, often derived from PLANTS, indigenous to populations or ETHNIC GROUPS.
An organism of the vegetable kingdom suitable by nature for use as a food, especially by human beings. Not all parts of any given plant are edible but all parts of edible plants have been known to figure as raw or cooked food: leaves, roots, tubers, stems, seeds, buds, fruits, and flowers. The most commonly edible parts of plants are FRUIT, usually sweet, fleshy, and succulent. Most edible plants are commonly cultivated for their nutritional value and are referred to as VEGETABLES.
The genetic complement of a plant (PLANTS) as represented in its DNA.
A plant genus of the family BRASSICACEAE that contains ARABIDOPSIS PROTEINS and MADS DOMAIN PROTEINS. The species A. thaliana is used for experiments in classical plant genetics as well as molecular genetic studies in plant physiology, biochemistry, and development.
Members of the group of vascular plants which bear flowers. They are differentiated from GYMNOSPERMS by their production of seeds within a closed chamber (OVARY, PLANT). The Angiosperms division is composed of two classes, the monocotyledons (Liliopsida) and dicotyledons (Magnoliopsida). Angiosperms represent approximately 80% of all known living plants.
Any of the hormones produced naturally in plants and active in controlling growth and other functions. There are three primary classes: auxins, cytokinins, and gibberellins.
The traditional Hindu system of medicine which is based on customs, beliefs, and practices of the Hindu culture. Ayurveda means "the science of Life": veda - science, ayur - life.
A species of European freshwater LEECHES used for BLOODLETTING in ancient times and also for LEECHING in modern times.
Proteins that originate from plants species belonging to the genus ARABIDOPSIS. The most intensely studied species of Arabidopsis, Arabidopsis thaliana, is commonly used in laboratory experiments.
Chinese herbal or plant extracts which are used as drugs to treat diseases or promote general well-being. The concept does not include synthesized compounds manufactured in China.
The inherent or induced capacity of plants to withstand or ward off biological attack by pathogens.
A plant genus of the family SOLANACEAE. Members contain NICOTINE and other biologically active chemicals; its dried leaves are used for SMOKING.
The above-ground plant without the roots.
The study of medicines derived from botanical sources.
The outer layer of the woody parts of plants.
A thin layer of cells forming the outer integument of seed plants and ferns. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Annelids of the class Hirudinea. Some species, the bloodsuckers, may become temporarily parasitic upon animals, including man. Medicinal leeches (HIRUDO MEDICINALIS) have been used therapeutically for drawing blood since ancient times.
A large plant family of the order Asterales, subclass Asteridae, class Magnoliopsida. The family is also known as Compositae. Flower petals are joined near the base and stamens alternate with the corolla lobes. The common name of "daisy" refers to several genera of this family including Aster; CHRYSANTHEMUM; RUDBECKIA; TANACETUM.
The encapsulated embryos of flowering plants. They are used as is or for animal feed because of the high content of concentrated nutrients like starches, proteins, and fats. Rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed are also produced for the oils (fats) they yield.
Closable openings in the epidermis of plants on the underside of leaves. They allow the exchange of gases between the internal tissues of the plant and the outside atmosphere.
The mint plant family. They are characteristically aromatic, and many of them are cultivated for their oils. Most have square stems, opposite leaves, and two-lipped, open-mouthed, tubular corollas (united petals), with five-lobed, bell-like calyxes (united sepals).
The reproductive organs of plants.
Historically, the treatment of disease by the administration of animal organs or their extracts (after Brown-Sequard). At present synthetic preparations substitute for the extracts of a gland. (From Stedman, 26th ed)
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
Poisoning by the ingestion of plants or its leaves, berries, roots or stalks. The manifestations in both humans and animals vary in severity from mild to life threatening. In animals, especially domestic animals, it is usually the result of ingesting moldy or fermented forage.
A system of traditional medicine which is based on the beliefs and practices of the Chinese culture.
The large family of plants characterized by pods. Some are edible and some cause LATHYRISM or FAVISM and other forms of poisoning. Other species yield useful materials like gums from ACACIA and various LECTINS like PHYTOHEMAGGLUTININS from PHASEOLUS. Many of them harbor NITROGEN FIXATION bacteria on their roots. Many but not all species of "beans" belong to this family.
The spurge family of flowering plants, in the order Euphorbiales, contains some 7,500 species in 275 genera. The family consists of annual and perennial herbs and woody shrubs or trees.
The loss of water vapor by plants to the atmosphere. It occurs mainly from the leaves through pores (stomata) whose primary function is gas exchange. The water is replaced by a continuous column of water moving upwards from the roots within the xylem vessels. (Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)
A plant species of the family SOLANACEAE, native of South America, widely cultivated for their edible, fleshy, usually red fruit.
A localized proliferation of plant tissue forming a swelling or outgrowth, commonly with a characteristic shape and unlike any organ of the normal plant. Plant tumors or galls usually form in response to the action of a pathogen or a pest. (Holliday, P., A Dictionary of Plant Pathology, 1989, p330)
Complex nucleoprotein structures which contain the genomic DNA and are part of the CELL NUCLEUS of PLANTS.
The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.
Medical practice or discipline that is based on the knowledge, cultures, and beliefs of the people in EAST ASIA.
Total mass of all the organisms of a given type and/or in a given area. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990) It includes the yield of vegetative mass produced from any given crop.
A plant family of the order Lamiales. It is characterized by simple leaves in opposite pairs, cystoliths (enlarged cells containing crystals of calcium carbonate), and bilaterally symmetrical and bisexual flowers that are usually crowded together. The common name for Ruellia of wild petunia is easily confused with PETUNIA.
An endosymbiont that is either a bacterium or fungus living part of its life in a plant. Endophytes can benefit host plants by preventing pathogenic organisms from colonizing them.
A monocot family within the order Liliales. This family is divided by some botanists into other families such as Convallariaceae, Hyacinthaceae and Amaryllidaceae. Amaryllidaceae, which have inferior ovaries, includes CRINUM; GALANTHUS; LYCORIS; and NARCISSUS and are known for AMARYLLIDACEAE ALKALOIDS.
A kingdom of eukaryotic, heterotrophic organisms that live parasitically as saprobes, including MUSHROOMS; YEASTS; smuts, molds, etc. They reproduce either sexually or asexually, and have life cycles that range from simple to complex. Filamentous fungi, commonly known as molds, refer to those that grow as multicellular colonies.
A plant species of the family POACEAE. It is a tall grass grown for its EDIBLE GRAIN, corn, used as food and animal FODDER.
Very young plant after GERMINATION of SEEDS.
The act of feeding on plants by animals.
Units that convert some other form of energy into electrical energy.
A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
Materials or substances used in the composition of traditional medical remedies. The use of this term in MeSH was formerly restricted to historical articles or those concerned with traditional medicine, but it can also refer to homeopathic remedies. Nosodes are specific types of homeopathic remedies prepared from causal agents or disease products.
The relationship between two different species of organisms that are interdependent; each gains benefits from the other or a relationship between different species where both of the organisms in question benefit from the presence of the other.
The Madder plant family of the order Rubiales, subclass Asteridae, class Magnoliopsida includes important medicinal plants that provide QUININE; IPECAC; and COFFEE. They have opposite leaves and interpetiolar stipules.
A plant genus of the family EUPHORBIACEAE. Bahupatra (MEDICINE, AYURVEDIC) is prepared from this.
Sugar-rich liquid produced in plant glands called nectaries. It is either produced in flowers or other plant structures, providing a source of attraction for pollinating insects and animals, as well as being a nutrient source to animal mutualists which provide protection of plants against herbivores.
A large plant family in the order Apiales, also known as Umbelliferae. Most are aromatic herbs with alternate, feather-divided leaves that are sheathed at the base. The flowers often form a conspicuous flat-topped umbel. Each small individual flower is usually bisexual, with five sepals, five petals, and an enlarged disk at the base of the style. The fruits are ridged and are composed of two parts that split open at maturity.
A group of alicyclic hydrocarbons with the general formula R-C5H9.
Individuals classified according to their sex, racial origin, religion, common place of living, financial or social status, or some other cultural or behavioral attribute. (UMLS, 2003)
Eighteen-carbon cyclopentyl polyunsaturated fatty acids derived from ALPHA-LINOLENIC ACID via an oxidative pathway analogous to the EICOSANOIDS in animals. Biosynthesis is inhibited by SALICYLATES. A key member, jasmonic acid of PLANTS, plays a similar role to ARACHIDONIC ACID in animals.
A mushroom, Ganoderma lucidum, of the POLYPORALES order of basidiomycetous fungi. It has long been used in traditional Chinese medicine in various forms.
Oils derived from plants or plant products.
The application of LEECHES to the body to draw blood for therapeutic purposes. Such medicinal leeching, an ancient medical practice, is still being used in microsurgery and the treatment of venous congestion or occlusion.
The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
The dogbane family of the order Gentianales. Members of the family have milky, often poisonous juice, smooth-margined leaves, and flowers in clusters. Asclepiadacea (formerly the milkweed family) has been included since 1999 and before 1810.
The unconsolidated mineral or organic matter on the surface of the earth that serves as a natural medium for the growth of land plants.
A plant genus in the family CONVOLVULACEAE best known for morning glories (a common name also used with CONVOLVULUS) and sweet potato.
Root-like underground horizontal stem of plants that produces shoots above and roots below. Distinguished from true roots which don't have buds and nodes. Similar to true roots in being underground and thickened by storage deposits.
The synthesis by organisms of organic chemical compounds, especially carbohydrates, from carbon dioxide using energy obtained from light rather than from the oxidation of chemical compounds. Photosynthesis comprises two separate processes: the light reactions and the dark reactions. In higher plants; GREEN ALGAE; and CYANOBACTERIA; NADPH and ATP formed by the light reactions drive the dark reactions which result in the fixation of carbon dioxide. (from Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 2001)
Physiological functions characteristic of plants.
Acetic acid derivatives of the heterocyclic compound indole. (Merck Index, 11th ed)
Seedless nonflowering plants of the class Filicinae. They reproduce by spores that appear as dots on the underside of feathery fronds. In earlier classifications the Pteridophyta included the club mosses, horsetails, ferns, and various fossil groups. In more recent classifications, pteridophytes and spermatophytes (seed-bearing plants) are classified in the Subkingdom Tracheobionta (also known as Tracheophyta).
A plant species of the genus SOLANUM, family SOLANACEAE. The starchy roots are used as food. SOLANINE is found in green parts.
Woody, usually tall, perennial higher plants (Angiosperms, Gymnosperms, and some Pterophyta) having usually a main stem and numerous branches.
Chemistry dealing with the composition and preparation of agents having PHARMACOLOGIC ACTIONS or diagnostic use.
A plant genus of the family ORCHIDACEAE that contains dihydroayapin (COUMARINS) and phenanthraquinones.
A plant genus of the family Plantaginaceae. The small plants usually have a dense tuft of basal leaves and long, leafless stalks bearing a terminal spike of small flowers. The seeds, known as PSYLLIUM, swell in water and are used as laxatives. The leaves have been used medicinally.
A system of traditional medicine which is based on the beliefs and practices of the Tibetan culture.
A large plant genus of the family EUPHORBIACEAE, order Euphorbiales, subclass Rosidae. They have a milky sap and a female flower consisting of a single pistil, surrounded by numerous male flowers of one stamen each. Euphorbia hirta is rarely called milkweed but that name is normally used for ASCLEPIAS.
The dried seeds, bark, root, stems, buds, leaves, or fruit of aromatic plants used to season food.
A plant of the family APIACEAE which is the source of asiatic acid and asiaticoside. Centella asiatica (L.) Urb. = Hydrocotyle asiatica L. is known for effect on peripheral circulation.
Benzene derivatives that include one or more hydroxyl groups attached to the ring structure.
Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.
Substances released by PLANTS such as PLANT GUMS and PLANT RESINS.
The location of the atoms, groups or ions relative to one another in a molecule, as well as the number, type and location of covalent bonds.
A compound obtained from the bark of the white willow and wintergreen leaves. It has bacteriostatic, fungicidal, and keratolytic actions.
Knobbed structures formed from and attached to plant roots, especially of LEGUMES, which result from symbiotic infection by nitrogen fixing bacteria such as RHIZOBIUM or FRANKIA. Root nodules are structures related to MYCORRHIZAE formed by symbiotic associations with fungi.
A series of actions, sometimes symbolic actions which may be associated with a behavior pattern, and are often indispensable to its performance.
The mallow family of the order Malvales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida. Members include GOSSYPIUM, okra (ABELMOSCHUS), HIBISCUS, and CACAO. The common names of hollyhock and mallow are used for several genera of Malvaceae.
Protein or glycoprotein substances of plant origin that bind to sugar moieties in cell walls or membranes. Some carbohydrate-metabolizing proteins (ENZYMES) from PLANTS also bind to carbohydrates, however they are not considered lectins. Many plant lectins change the physiology of the membrane of BLOOD CELLS to cause agglutination, mitosis, or other biochemical changes. They may play a role in plant defense mechanisms.
The reproductive cells of plants.
Complex pharmaceutical substances, preparations, or matter derived from organisms usually obtained by biological methods or assay.
Oils which evaporate readily. The volatile oils occur in aromatic plants, to which they give odor and other characteristics. Most volatile oils consist of a mixture of two or more TERPENES or of a mixture of an eleoptene (the more volatile constituent of a volatile oil) with a stearopten (the more solid constituent). The synonym essential oils refers to the essence of a plant, as its perfume or scent, and not to its indispensability.
Symbiotic combination (dual organism) of the MYCELIUM of FUNGI with the roots of plants (PLANT ROOTS). The roots of almost all higher plants exhibit this mutually beneficial relationship, whereby the fungus supplies water and mineral salts to the plant, and the plant supplies CARBOHYDRATES to the fungus. There are two major types of mycorrhizae: ectomycorrhizae and endomycorrhizae.
The mahogany plant family of the order Sapindales, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida.
A plant genus of the family SOLANACEAE. Members contain withanolides. Withania somnifera is the source of ashwagandha and aswal.
A plant genus of the family POLYGONACEAE that is an ingredient of Shou-Wu-Pian, a Chinese herbal preparation (DRUGS, CHINESE HERBAL). The common name of black bindweed also refers to TAMUS or Fallopia (use POLYGONACEAE).
An extensive order of basidiomycetous fungi whose fruiting bodies are commonly called mushrooms.
A group of phenyl benzopyrans named for having structures like FLAVONES.
A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE with strong-smelling foliage. It is a source of SANTONIN and other cytotoxic TERPENES.
A large family of narrow-leaved herbaceous grasses of the order Cyperales, subclass Commelinidae, class Liliopsida (monocotyledons). Food grains (EDIBLE GRAIN) come from members of this family. RHINITIS, ALLERGIC, SEASONAL can be induced by POLLEN of many of the grasses.
The arrangement of two or more amino acid or base sequences from an organism or organisms in such a way as to align areas of the sequences sharing common properties. The degree of relatedness or homology between the sequences is predicted computationally or statistically based on weights assigned to the elements aligned between the sequences. This in turn can serve as a potential indicator of the genetic relatedness between the organisms.
A plant family in the order Sapindales that grows in warmer regions and has conspicuous flowers.
The protection, preservation, restoration, and rational use of all resources in the total environment.
Plant cell inclusion bodies that contain the photosynthetic pigment CHLOROPHYLL, which is associated with the membrane of THYLAKOIDS. Chloroplasts occur in cells of leaves and young stems of plants. They are also found in some forms of PHYTOPLANKTON such as HAPTOPHYTA; DINOFLAGELLATES; DIATOMS; and CRYPTOPHYTA.
The failure of PLANTS to complete fertilization and obtain seed (SEEDS) as a result of defective POLLEN or ovules, or other aberrations. (Dict. of Plant Genet. and Mol. Biol., 1998)
The fertilizing element of plants that contains the male GAMETOPHYTES.
A plant genus of the family Cruciferae. It contains many species and cultivars used as food including cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, Brussel sprouts, kale, collard greens, MUSTARD PLANT; (B. alba, B. junica, and B. nigra), turnips (BRASSICA NAPUS) and rapeseed (BRASSICA RAPA).
The variety of all native living organisms and their various forms and interrelationships.
A plant genus of the family RUTACEAE. Members contain quinoline alkaloids.
The initial stages of the growth of SEEDS into a SEEDLINGS. The embryonic shoot (plumule) and embryonic PLANT ROOTS (radicle) emerge and grow upwards and downwards respectively. Food reserves for germination come from endosperm tissue within the seed and/or from the seed leaves (COTYLEDON). (Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)
The fruiting 'heads' or 'caps' of FUNGI, which as a food item are familiarly known as MUSHROOMS, that contain the FUNGAL SPORES.
A type of glycoside widely distributed in plants. Each consists of a sapogenin as the aglycone moiety, and a sugar. The sapogenin may be a steroid or a triterpene and the sugar may be glucose, galactose, a pentose, or a methylpentose.
Any compound that contains a constituent sugar, in which the hydroxyl group attached to the first carbon is substituted by an alcoholic, phenolic, or other group. They are named specifically for the sugar contained, such as glucoside (glucose), pentoside (pentose), fructoside (fructose), etc. Upon hydrolysis, a sugar and nonsugar component (aglycone) are formed. (From Dorland, 28th ed; From Miall's Dictionary of Chemistry, 5th ed)
A plant genus of the family EUPHORBIACEAE. The common name of dragon's blood is also used for DRACAENA and Daemonorops (ARECACEAE). Croton tiglium is the source of CROTON OIL.
The showy mistletoe plant family of the order Santalales, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida. This includes parasitic tropical plants with haustoria connecting to the hosts. The leaves are opposite and thick. The flowers (4-7) have both calyx and corolla. The fruit is a berry with one seed.
Prolonged dry periods in natural climate cycle. They are slow-onset phenomena caused by rainfall deficit combined with other predisposing factors.
The study of the origin, structure, development, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of plants.
The fleshy or dry ripened ovary of a plant, enclosing the seed or seeds.
A plant genus of the family CELASTRACEAE.
A variable annual leguminous vine (Pisum sativum) that is cultivated for its rounded smooth or wrinkled edible protein-rich seeds, the seed of the pea, and the immature pods with their included seeds. (From Webster's New Collegiate Dictionary, 1973)
A plant genus in the family LILIACEAE (sometimes placed in Asparagaceae) that contains ECDYSTEROIDS and is an ingredient of Siotone. The shoots are used as a vegetable and the roots are used in FOLK MEDICINE.
The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.
A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE that has long been used in folk medicine for treating wounds.
A plant genus of the family FABACEAE. SENNA EXTRACT is obtained from members of this genus. Members contain ANTHRAQUINONES and have been an ingredient in laxatives (CATHARTICS). Many species of the CASSIA genus have been reclassified into this genus. This bush should not be confused with the Cassia tree (CINNAMOMUM).
A plant genus of the family POACEAE that is the source of EDIBLE GRAIN. A hybrid with rye (SECALE CEREALE) is called TRITICALE. The seed is ground into FLOUR and used to make BREAD, and is the source of WHEAT GERM AGGLUTININS.
A plant genus of the family MELIACEAE. Members contain azadirachtin A (a limonoid commonly referred to as azadirachtin) and other TRITERPENES. They have been used in PESTICIDES. The old name of Melia azadirachta is very similar to a related plant, MELIA AZEDARACH.
Abscission-accelerating plant growth substance isolated from young cotton fruit, leaves of sycamore, birch, and other plants, and from potatoes, lemons, avocados, and other fruits.
A class of organic compounds known as STEROLS or STEROIDS derived from plants.
An element with the atomic symbol N, atomic number 7, and atomic weight [14.00643; 14.00728]. Nitrogen exists as a diatomic gas and makes up about 78% of the earth's atmosphere by volume. It is a constituent of proteins and nucleic acids and found in all living cells.
A plant genus of the family POACEAE. The EDIBLE GRAIN, barley, is widely used as food.
A plant genus of the family COMBRETACEAE. Members contain arjunin, an ellagitannin (TANNINS).
A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Naturally occurring or synthetic substances that inhibit or retard the oxidation of a substance to which it is added. They counteract the harmful and damaging effects of oxidation in animal tissues.
A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE. The common names of daisy or marguerite are easily confused with other plants. Some species in this genus have been reclassified to TANACETUM.
A species of gram-negative, fluorescent, phytopathogenic bacteria in the genus PSEUDOMONAS. It is differentiated into approximately 50 pathovars with different plant pathogenicities and host specificities.
A class of plants within the Bryophyta comprising the mosses, which are found in both damp (including freshwater) and drier situations. Mosses possess erect or prostrate leafless stems, which give rise to leafless stalks bearing capsules. Spores formed in the capsules are released and grow to produce new plants. (Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990). Many small plants bearing the name moss are in fact not mosses. The "moss" found on the north side of trees is actually a green alga (CHLOROPHYTA). Irish moss is really a red alga (RHODOPHYTA). Beard lichen (beard moss), Iceland moss, oak moss, and reindeer moss are actually LICHENS. Spanish moss is a common name for both LICHENS and an air plant (TILLANDSIA usneoides) of the pineapple family. Club moss is an evergreen herb of the family LYCOPODIACEAE.
That portion of the electromagnetic spectrum in the visible, ultraviolet, and infrared range.
The gourd plant family of the order Violales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida. It is sometimes placed in its own order, Cucurbitales. 'Melon' generally refers to CUCUMIS; CITRULLUS; or MOMORDICA.
The science of drugs prepared from natural-sources including preparations from PLANTS, animals, and other organisms as well as MINERALS and other substances included in MATERIA MEDICA. The therapeutic usage of plants is PHYTOTHERAPY.
The capacity of an organism to defend itself against pathological processes or the agents of those processes. This most often involves innate immunity whereby the organism responds to pathogens in a generic way. The term disease resistance is used most frequently when referring to plants.
The medical science concerned with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases in animals.
A plant family of the order Violales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida. Bixa contains bixin. Cochlospermum contains arjunolic acid and gum kondagogu (POLYSACCHARIDES).
A plant species which is known as an Oriental traditional medicinal plant.
The protoplasm and plasma membrane of plant, fungal, bacterial or archaeon cells without the CELL WALL.
Polyphenolic compounds with molecular weights of around 500-3000 daltons and containing enough hydroxyl groups (1-2 per 100 MW) for effective cross linking of other compounds (ASTRINGENTS). The two main types are HYDROLYZABLE TANNINS and CONDENSED TANNINS. Historically, the term has applied to many compounds and plant extracts able to render skin COLLAGEN impervious to degradation. The word tannin derives from the Celtic word for OAK TREE which was used for leather processing.
Production of drugs or biologicals which are unlikely to be manufactured by private industry unless special incentives are provided by others.
A genus of fungi in the family Ganodermataceae, order POLYPORALES, containing a dimitic hyphal system. It causes a white rot, and is a wood decomposer. Ganoderma lucidum (REISHI) is used in traditional Chinese medicine (MEDICINE, CHINESE TRADITIONAL).
The rose plant family in the order ROSALES and class Magnoliopsida. They are generally woody plants. A number of the species of this family contain cyanogenic compounds.
A colorless, flammable liquid used in the manufacture of FORMALDEHYDE and ACETIC ACID, in chemical synthesis, antifreeze, and as a solvent. Ingestion of methanol is toxic and may cause blindness.
The process of cumulative change at the level of DNA; RNA; and PROTEINS, over successive generations.
Porphyrin derivatives containing magnesium that act to convert light energy in photosynthetic organisms.
The process of finding chemicals for potential therapeutic use.
A group of plant cells that are capable of dividing infinitely and whose main function is the production of new growth at the growing tip of a root or stem. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)
An annual legume. The SEEDS of this plant are edible and used to produce a variety of SOY FOODS.
A species of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria isolated from soil and the stems, leafs, and roots of plants. Some biotypes are pathogenic and cause the formation of PLANT TUMORS in a wide variety of higher plants. The species is a major research tool in biotechnology.
Self-replicating cytoplasmic organelles of plant and algal cells that contain pigments and may synthesize and accumulate various substances. PLASTID GENOMES are used in phylogenetic studies.
One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.
A family (Aphididae) of small insects, in the suborder Sternorrhyncha, that suck the juices of plants. Important genera include Schizaphis and Myzus. The latter is known to carry more than 100 virus diseases between plants.
Laws concerned with manufacturing, dispensing, and marketing of drugs.
Agents obtained from higher plants that have demonstrable cytostatic or antineoplastic activity.
A plant genus of the family VIOLACEAE. Some species in this genus are called bouncing bet which is a common name more often used with SAPONARIA OFFICINALIS. Members contain macrocyclic peptides.
Genus of perennial plants in the family CLUSIACEAE (sometimes classified as Hypericaceae). Herbal and homeopathic preparations are used for depression, neuralgias, and a variety of other conditions. Hypericum contains flavonoids; GLYCOSIDES; mucilage, TANNINS; volatile oils (OILS, ESSENTIAL), hypericin and hyperforin.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Liquid chromatographic techniques which feature high inlet pressures, high sensitivity, and high speed.
A plant species of the genus SCUTELLARIA, family LAMIACEAE, that contains skullcapflavone and is used in CHINESE HERBAL DRUGS.
A class of compounds composed of repeating 5-carbon units of HEMITERPENES.
A genus of gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that activate PLANT ROOT NODULATION in leguminous plants. Members of this genus are nitrogen-fixing and common soil inhabitants.
A family of flowering plants in the order Caryophyllales, with about 60 genera and more than 800 species of plants, with a few shrubs, trees, and vines. The leaves usually have nonindented edges.
A plant genus of the family Lamiaceae. The species of Coleus should be distinguished from PLECTRANTHUS BARBATUS - which is also known as Coleus forskohlii.
Compounds formed by condensation of secologanin with tryptamine resulting in a tetrahydro-beta-carboline which is processed further to a number of bioactive compounds. These are especially found in plants of the APOCYNACEAE; LOGANIACEAE; and RUBIACEAE families.
A genus of the plant family Liliaceae (sometimes classified as Alliaceae) in the order Liliales. Many produce pungent, often bacteriostatic and physiologically active compounds and are used as VEGETABLES; CONDIMENTS; and medicament, the latter in traditional medicine.
Change brought about to an organisms genetic composition by unidirectional transfer (TRANSFECTION; TRANSDUCTION, GENETIC; CONJUGATION, GENETIC, etc.) and incorporation of foreign DNA into prokaryotic or eukaryotic cells by recombination of part or all of that DNA into the cell's genome.
The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.
Organic compounds that have a relatively high VAPOR PRESSURE at room temperature.
A creeping annual plant species of the CUCURBITACEAE family. It has a rough succulent, trailing stem and hairy leaves with three to five pointed lobes.
A plant species of the family EUPHORBIACEAE.
Plant hormones that promote the separation of daughter cells after mitotic division of a parent cell. Frequently they are purine derivatives.
A technique for growing plants in culture solutions rather than in soil. The roots are immersed in an aerated solution containing the correct proportions of essential mineral salts. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)
Any of several BRASSICA species that are commonly called mustard. Brassica alba is white mustard, B. juncea is brown or Chinese mustard, and B. nigra is black, brown, or red mustard. The plant is grown both for mustard seed from which oil is extracted or used as SPICES, and for its greens used as VEGETABLES or ANIMAL FEED. There is no relationship to MUSTARD COMPOUNDS.
A plant genus of the family CELASTRACEAE that is a source of triterpenoids and diterpene epoxides such as triptolide.
The unfavorable effect of environmental factors (stressors) on the physiological functions of an organism. Prolonged unresolved physiological stress can affect HOMEOSTASIS of the organism, and may lead to damaging or pathological conditions.
Preclinical testing of drugs in experimental animals or in vitro for their biological and toxic effects and potential clinical applications.
A plant genus of the family BERBERIDACEAE which is used in DRUGS, CHINESE HERBAL. Members contain flavonol glycosides including epimedins, icariin and noricariin.
A plant family of the order Primulales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida. The flowers have both stamens and pistil, and the fruits are capsules.

Helicobacter pylori infection, garlic intake and precancerous lesions in a Chinese population at low risk of gastric cancer. (1/4069)

BACKGROUND: Cangshan County of Shandong Province has one of the lowest rates of gastric cancer (GC) in China. While intestinal metaplasia (IM) and dysplasia (DYS) are less common in Cangshan than in areas of Shandong at high risk of GC, these precursor lesions nevertheless affect about 20% of adults age > or = 55. SUBJECTS AND SETTING: In order to evaluate determinants of IM and DYS in Cangshan County, a low risk area of GC a survey was conducted among 214 adults who participated in a gastroscopic screening survey in Cangshan County in 1994. METHOD: A dietary interview and measurement of serum Helicobacter pylori antibodies were performed. RESULTS: The prevalence of H. pylori was lowest (19%) among those with normal gastric mucosa, rising steadily to 35% for superficial gastritis (SG), 56% for chronic atrophic gastritis (CAG), 80% for IM, and 100% for DYS. The prevalence odds of precancerous lesions were compared with the odds of normal histology or SG. The odds ratio (OR) or CAG associated with H. pylori positivity was 4.2 (95% confidence interval [CI] : 1.7-10.0), while the OR of IM/DYS associated with H. pylori positivity was 31.5 (95% CI: 5.2-187). After adjusting for H. pylori infection, drinking alcohol was a risk factor for CAG (OR = 3.2, 95% CI: 1.1-9.2) and IM/DYS (OR = 7.8, 95% CI: 1.3-47.7). On the other hand, consumption of garlic showed non-significant protective effects and an inverse association with H. pylori infection. CONCLUSIONS: The findings of this study suggest that infection with H. pylori is a risk factor and garlic may be protective, in the development and progression of advanced precancerous gastric lesions in an area of China at relatively low risk of GC.  (+info)

Regulation of 2-carboxy-D-arabinitol 1-phosphate phosphatase: activation by glutathione and interaction with thiol reagents. (2/4069)

2-Carboxy-D-arabinitol 1-phosphate (CA1P) phosphatase de- grades CA1P, an inhibitor associated with the regulation of ribulose bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase in numerous plant species. CA1P phosphatase purified from Phaseolus vulgaris was partially inactivated by oxidizing conditions during dialysis in air-equilibrated buffer. Phosphatase activity could then be stimulated 1.3-fold by dithiothreitol and also by addition of reduced thioredoxin from Escherichia coli. These effects were enhanced synergistically by the positive effector, fructose 1, 6-bisphosphate (FBP). Most notably, CA1P phosphatase activity was stimulated up to 35-fold by glutathione, and was sensitive to the ratio of reduced (GSH) to oxidized (GSSG) forms. At concentrations of glutathione approximating measured levels in chloroplasts of P. vulgaris (5 mM total S), CA1P phosphatase exhibited >20-fold stimulation by a change in the redox status of glutathione from 60 to 100% GSH. This stimulation was augmented further by reduced E. coli thioredoxin. In contrast, FBP, which activates CA1P phosphatase under reducing conditions, was strongly inhibitory in the presence of GSSG. We propose that glutathione may have an appreciable role in the light/dark regulation of CA1P phosphatase in vivo. A model for the reversible activation of CA1P phosphatase by GSH was derived based upon the various responses of the enzyme's activity to a range of thiol reagents including N-ethylmaleimide, 5, 5'-dithiobis-(2-nitrobenzoic acid) and arsenite. These data indicate that the bean enzyme contains two physically distinct sets of thiol groups that are critical to its redox regulation.  (+info)

Allyl-containing sulfides in garlic increase uncoupling protein content in brown adipose tissue, and noradrenaline and adrenaline secretion in rats. (3/4069)

The effects of garlic supplementation on triglyceride metabolism were investigated by measurements of the degree of thermogenesis in interscapular brown adipose tissue (IBAT), and noradrenaline and adrenaline secretion in rats fed two types of dietary fat. In Experiment 1, rats were given isoenergetic high-fat diets containing either shortening or lard with or without garlic powder supplementation (8 g/kg of diet). After 28 d feeding, body weight, plasma triglyceride levels and the weights of perirenal adipose tissue and epididymal fat pad were significantly lower in rats fed diets supplemented with garlic powder than in those fed diets without garlic powder. The content of mitochondrial protein and uncoupling protein (UCP) in IBAT, and urinary noradrenaline and adrenaline excretion were significantly greater in rats fed a lard diet with garlic powder than in those fed the same diet without garlic. Other than adrenaline secretion, differences due to garlic were significant in rats fed shortening, also. In Experiment 2, the effects of various allyl-containing sulfides present in garlic on noradrenaline and adrenaline secretion were evaluated. Administration of diallyldisulfide, diallyltrisulfide and alliin, organosulfur compounds present in garlic, significantly increased plasma noradrenaline and adrenaline concentrations, whereas the administration of disulfides without allyl residues, diallylmonosulfide and S-allyl-L-cysteine did not increase adrenaline secretion. These results suggest that in rats, allyl-containing sulfides in garlic enhance thermogenesis by increasing UCP content in IBAT, and noradrenaline and adrenaline secretion.  (+info)

The localisation of 2-carboxy-D-arabinitol 1-phosphate and inhibition of Rubisco in leaves of Phaseolus vulgaris L. (4/4069)

A recent controversial report suggests that the nocturnal inhibitor of Rubisco, 2-carboxy-D-arabinitol 1-phosphate (CAIP), does not bind to Rubisco in vivo and therefore that CA1P has no physiological relevance to photosynthetic regulation. It is now proved that a direct rapid assay can be used to distinguish between Rubisco-bound and free CA1P, as postulated in the controversial report. Application of this direct assay demonstrates that CA1P is bound to Rubisco in vivo in dark-adapted leaves. Furthermore, CA1P is shown to be in the chloroplasts of mesophyll cells. Thus, CA1P does play a physiological role in the regulation of Rubisco.  (+info)

The cleavable carboxyl-terminus of the small coat protein of cowpea mosaic virus is involved in RNA encapsidation. (5/4069)

The site of cleavage of the small coat protein of cowpea mosaic virus has been precisely mapped and the proteolysis has been shown to result in the loss of 24 amino acids from the carboxyl-terminus of the protein. A series of premature termination and deletion mutants was constructed to investigate the role or roles of these carboxyl-terminal amino acids in the viral replication cycle. Mutants containing premature termination codons at or downstream of the cleavage site were viable but reverted to wild-type after a single passage through cowpea plants, indicating that the carboxyl-terminal amino acids are important. Mutants with the equivalent deletions were genetically stable and shown to be debilitated with respect to virus accumulation. The specific infectivity of preparations of a deletion mutant (DM4) lacking all 24 amino acids was 6-fold less than that of a wild-type preparation. This was shown to be a result of DM4 preparations containing a much increased percentage (73%) of empty (RNA-free) particles, a finding that implicates the cleavable carboxyl-terminal residues in the packaging of the virion RNAs.  (+info)

Screening of Korean forest plants for rat lens aldose reductase inhibition. (6/4069)

Naturally occurring substances which can prevent and treat diabetic complications were sought by examining ethanol extracts prepared from Korean forest plants for their inhibitory effects on rat lens aldose reductase activity in vitro. Among the plants examined, Acer ginnala, Illicium religiosum and Cornus macrophylla exerted the most strong inhibitory activity on aldose reductase.  (+info)

Hormone-related, muscle-specific changes in protein metabolism and fiber type profile after faba bean intake. (7/4069)

Male growing Wistar rats were fed, over 15 days, isoenergetic (16.72 +/- 0.49 MJ) and isoproteic (11%) diets containing either lactalbumin or raw Vicia faba L. (Vf) as the sole source of protein. Compared with pair-fed controls (PF), soleus muscles of Vf-fed rats showed increased (P < 0.05) synthesis and breakdown rates. In addition, the soleus of Vf-fed rats displayed a decrease (P < 0.05) in type I and an increase (P < 0.01) in type IIc fibers compared with that of PF animals. On the contrary, extensor digitorum longus muscles of both Vf-fed and PF rats showed an increase (P < 0.01) in type I and a reduction (P < 0.05) in type IIb fibers together with a decrease (P < 0.05) in the cross-sectional area of the latter fibers. Vf-fed rats exhibited a significant decrease in serum insulin (P < 0.05) and thyrotropin (P < 0.01) levels, together with an increase in plasma glucagon (P < 0.05) and 3,5,3'-triiodothyronine (P < 0.01) concentrations, compared with the PF group. Both Vf-fed and PF rats experienced an increase in corticosterone concentrations (P < 0.01 vs. control; P < 0.05 vs. PF). The muscle-specific changes in both protein metabolism and fiber type composition may partly depend on the hormonal changes that were observed after Vf intake.  (+info)

Antagonistic effects of extract from leaves of ginkgo biloba on glutamate neurotoxicity. (8/4069)

AIM: To determine whether the extract of leaves of Ginkgo biloba L (EGb) and several active constituents of EGb have protective effects against glutamate (Glu)-induced neuronal damage. METHODS: Microscopy and image analysis of nucleus areas in the arcuate nuclei (AN) of mice were made. The neuronal viability in primary cultures from mouse cerebral cortex was assessed using MTT [3-(4, 5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2, 5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide] staining and the intracellular free calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i) of single neuron was measured using Fura-2. RESULTS: EGb (2.5 mg.L-1) and its constituent ginkgolide B (Gin B, 2 mg.L-1) protected the neuronal viability against Glu-induced injury, and prevented the Glu-induced elevation in [Ca2+]i. EGb (3-10 mg.kg-1) attenuated the decrease of nucleus areas in arcuate nuclei induced by Glu (1 g.kg-1, s.c.). CONCLUSION: EGb and Gin B prevent neurons from Glu neurotoxicity through reduction of the rise in [Ca2+]i.  (+info)

BACKGROUND: Multidrug resistance is a worrying cause of treatment failure in bacterial infections. The search of bioactive constituents from medicinal plants against multidrug resistant (MDR) bacteria has significantly evolved in the two last decades. In the present study, twenty-two compounds (three terpenoids, eleven phenolics and eight alkaloids) isolated from three Cameroonian medicinal plants, namely Garcinia nobilis, Oricia suaveolens and Balsamocitrus camerunensis, as well as the crude extracts were tested for their antibacterial activities against Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Gram-negative bacteria amongst which were MDR active efflux pumps expressing phenotypes. METHODS: The microplate alamar blue assay (MABA) and the broth microdilution methods were used to determine the minimal inhibitory concentrations (MIC) and minimal bactericidal concentrations (MBC) of the studied samples. RESULTS: The results of the MIC determinations indicate that, the best crude extract was that from G. ...
BACKGROUND Natural products are well recognized as sources of drugs in several human ailments. In the present work, we carried out a preliminary screening of six natural compounds, xanthone V(1) (1); 2-acetylfuro-1,4-naphthoquinone (2); physcion (3); bisvismiaquinone (4); vismiaquinone (5); 1,8-dihydroxy-3-geranyloxy-6-methylanthraquinone (6) against MiaPaCa-2 pancreatic and CCRF-CEM leukemia cells and their multidrug-resistant subline, CEM/ADR5000. Compounds 1 and 2 were then tested in several other cancer cells and their possible mode of action were investigated. METHODOLOGY/FINDINGS The tested compounds were previously isolated from the Cameroonian medicinal plants Vismia laurentii (1, 3, 4, 5 and 6) and Newbouldia laevis (2). The preliminary cytotoxicity results allowed the selection of xanthone V(1) and 2-acetylfuro-1,4-naphthoquinone, which were then tested on a panel of cancer cell lines. The study was also extended to the analysis of cell cycle distribution, apoptosis induction, caspase 3/7
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Carcinoma of the cervix is the second most common cancer among women worldwide especially in the developing world. Due to severe reported cytotoxic tendenciesby anticancer drugs, newer therapies from natural products are desirable. This work therefore aims to partially purify pro-apoptotic agents from indigenous natural products and to investigate the mechanism of action of the selected plant fractions.Sixteen indigenous medicinal plants were collected from South West Nigeria. Plant extracts were fractionated into hexane (HF), chloroform (CF), ethylacetate (EAF), methanol (MF) and water (WF) fractions using solvent-solvent partitioning and polyamide adsorption chromatography. The resultant ninety-six test fractions were screened for lethality potential using brine shrimp lethality (BSL) assay. Fractions with LC50 less than 10 ug/ml were subjected to Water Soluble Tetrazolium (WST-1) cytotoxicity assay and apoptosis evaluations using: morphological assessment, flow cytometric analysis of ...
The application of medicinal plants in primary health care for people living with HIV/AIDS is well acknowledged in Tanzania. However, the conservation status of medicinal plants is questionable. This study aimed at assessing the conservation status of medicinal plants used to manage HIV/AIDS opportunistic infections in Rungwe District, Mbeya Region, Tanzania. Specifically, this study sought to: identify and document medicinal plant species used to manage HIV/AIDS opportunistic infections in the study area, explore indigenous knowledge of conserving medicinal plants in the study area, assess the wild population status of medicinal plant species used to manage HIV/AIDS opportunistic infections and to propose a conservation framework for medicinal plant species in the study area. This study employed a cross sectional research design through which data were collected at a single point in time. Ethnobotanical data were collected using questionnaires, key informants interviews, focus group ...
The use of medicinal plants as a fundamental component of the African traditional healthcare system is perhaps the oldest and the most assorted of all therapeutic systems. In many parts of rural Africa, traditional healers prescribing medicinal plants are the most easily accessible and affordable health resource available to the local community and at times the only therapy that subsists. Nonetheless, there is still a paucity of updated comprehensive compilation of promising medicinal plants from the African continent. The major focus of the present review is to provide an updated overview of 10 promising medicinal plants from the African biodiversity which have short- as well as long-term potential to be developed as future phytopharmaceuticals to treat and/or manage panoply of infectious and chronic conditions. In this endeavour, key scientific databases have been probed to investigate trends in the rapidly increasing number of scientific publications on African traditional medicinal plants. Within
Present study reveals the evaluation of phytochemical analysis and antibacterial activity in different solvents like Aqueous, Ethanol and Chloroform leaf of Phyllodium pulchellum (L.) Desv. The antibacterial
A medicinal plant is a plant that is used to attempt to maintain health, to be administered for a specific condition, or both, whether in modern medicine or in traditional medicine.[2][35] The Food and Agriculture Organization estimated in 2002 that over 50,000 medicinal plants are used across the world.[36] The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew more conservatively estimated in 2016 that 17,810 plant species have a medicinal use, out of some 30,000 plants for which a use of any kind is documented.[37] In modern medicine, around a quarter[a] of the drugs prescribed to patients are derived from medicinal plants, and they are rigorously tested.[35][38] In other systems of medicine, medicinal plants may constitute the majority of what are often informal attempted treatments, not tested scientifically.[39] The World Health Organization estimates, without reliable data, that some 80 percent of the worlds population depends mainly on traditional medicine (including but not limited to plants); perhaps some ...
Indian Medicinal Plants: A Compendium of 500 Species - 5 Volume Set By P K Warrier, V P K Nambiar, C Ramankutty About the Book Indian Medicinal Plants, based on a treatise prepared by S. Raghunatha Iyer, a scholar of both Sanskrit and Ayurveda, aims to make an authoritative contribution to the field. The original
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Historically, people have collected plants and used them for treating and preventing various symptoms and diseases. To this day, people in East Asian countries use medicinal plants for traditional health care treatments. The World Health Organization (WHO) has acknowledged the importance of traditional medicines. Approximately 60,000 plant species are harvested mainly for medicinal usage in the world. These harvested medicinal plants are not only a major source for traditional medicine, but are also used as an important raw material for modern medicine, perfume, cosmetic products, etc. Demand for and trade in these medicinal plants have been increasing. The global reported trade in plants for medicinal purposes alone(customs code HS1211, a subset of the custom codes analysed in the International Trade Centre study)was valued at over USD 3.4 billion in 2014 (United Nations 2016). Most of these precious plants resources, however, are harvested in the wild and easily traded across borders outside ...
Historically, people have collected plants and used them for treating and preventing various symptoms and diseases. To this day, people in East Asian countries use medicinal plants for traditional health care treatments. The World Health Organization (WHO) has acknowledged the importance of traditional medicines. Approximately 60,000 plant species are harvested mainly for medicinal usage in the world. These harvested medicinal plants are not only a major source for traditional medicine, but are also used as an important raw material for modern medicine, perfume, cosmetic products, etc. Demand for and trade in these medicinal plants have been increasing. The global reported trade in plants for medicinal purposes alone(customs code HS1211, a subset of the custom codes analysed in the International Trade Centre study)was valued at over USD 3.4 billion in 2014 (United Nations 2016). Most of these precious plants resources, however, are harvested in the wild and easily traded across borders outside ...
Echinops kebericho, endemic to Ethiopia, is a critically endangered medicinal plant. It is among the most important medicinal plants of the country, valued primarily for its root parts. The commercial harvesting and sale of roots of E. kebericho have threatened local populations. This study aimed to develop micropropagation protocol for E. kebericho using shoot tip explants. The study started with seed germination test using seeds stored for different months. Shoot tips from in vitro germinated seedlings were cultured on shoot initiation MS media supplemented with 0, 0.1, 0.5, 1.0, 1.5 and 2.0 mg/l BAP or KN alone. Explants were cultured on shoot proliferation media fortified with Kinetin, BAP, and TDZ each at 0.0, 0.5, 1.0, 2.5, 3.0 and 5.0 mg/l either alone or in combination with 0.0, 0.1, 0.25 and 0.5 mg/l NAA. For rooting, full, half and 1/3 strength MS media supplemented with IBA and NAA alone each at 0, 0.05, 0.1, 0.5, 1.0, 1.5 and 2.5 mg/l were used. Growth regulator free MS medium was used as
IST OF MEDICINAL PLANTS (HERBS) - MALAYALAM NAME, (മലയാളതില്‍ ഉള്ള ആയുര്‍വേദ ചെടികളുടെ പേരുകള്‍ ) SANSKIRT NAME, BOTANICAL NAME , A compilation work on Ayurvedic Indian Medicinal Plants. You can get all necessary information about Medicinal Plants including its Botanical names, morphology, classification , therapeutic uses, Names in different languages, synonyms, habitat , Chemical present in Medicinal plants , Systemic action in nervous, digestive system etc., properties, parts used ,dosage, formulations or Yogas in Ayurveda , research works & pictures etc
Medicinal Plants of the World is a comprehensive and scientifically accurate guide to the best-known and most important medicinal plants, including those of special commercial or historical interest.
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Bansode, T., Gupta, A., Shinde, B., & Bk, S. (2017). ASSESSMENT OF ANTIDIABETIC POTENTIAL OF TRADITIONAL MEDICINAL PLANTS IN HUMAN WHOLE BLOOD SAMPLES. Innovare Journal of Health Sciences, 5(2). Retrieved from https://innovareacademics.in/journals/index.php/ijhs/article/view/ ...
Background The study of traditional knowledge of medicinal plants has led to discoveries that have helped combat diseases and improve healthcare. However, the development of quantitative measures that can assist our quest for new medicinal plants has not greatly advanced in recent years. Phylogenetic tools have entered many scientific fields in the last two decades to provide explanatory power, but have been overlooked in ethnomedicinal studies. Several studies show that medicinal properties are not randomly distributed in plant phylogenies, suggesting that phylogeny shapes ethnobotanical use. Nevertheless, empirical studies that explicitly combine ethnobotanical and phylogenetic information are scarce. Methodology/Principal Findings In this study, we borrowed tools from community ecology phylogenetics to quantify significance of phylogenetic signal in medicinal properties in plants and identify nodes on phylogenies with high bioscreening potential. To do this, we produced an ethnomedicinal review
Looking for medicinal plants? Find out information about medicinal plants. plants used as natural medicines. This practice has existed since prehistoric times. There are three ways in which plants have been found useful in... Explanation of medicinal plants
Medicinal Plants of India|list of Indian herbal plants|Herbals used in Ayurveda medicines|Medicinal plant database|A-Z list of medicinal plant used in Ayurveda|Oushada Sasyangal-Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants
Medicinal Plants of India|list of Indian herbal plants|Herbals used in Ayurveda medicines|Medicinal plant database|A-Z list of medicinal plant used in Ayurveda|Oushada Sasyangal-Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants
Consumption of medicinal plants to overcome diseases is traditionally belongs to the characteristics of most cultures on this earth. Sudan has been a host and cradle to various ancient civilizations and developed a vast knowledge on traditional medicinal plants. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the antioxidant, antiangiogenic and cytotoxic activities of six Sudanese medicinal plants which have been traditionally used to treat neoplasia. Further the biological activities were correlated with phytochemical contents of the plant extracts. Different parts of the plants were subjected to sequential extraction method. Cytotoxicity of the extracts was determined by dimethylthiazol-2-yl)- 2,5diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay on 2 human cancer (colon and breast) and normal (endothelial and colon fibroblast) cells. Anti-angiogenic potential was tested using ex vivo rat aortic ring assay. DPPH (1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl) assay was conducted to screen the antioxidant capabilities of the
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INTRODUCTION. The use of plants for treating diseases is as old as the human species. Popular observations on the use and efficacy of medicinal plants significantly contribute to the disclosure of their therapeutic properties, so that they are frequently prescribed, even if their chemical constituents are not always completely known. All over the globe, especially in South American countries, the use of medicinal plants has significantly supported primary health care (1). From 250 to 500 thousand plant species are estimated to exist on the planet, and only between 1 and 10% are used as food by humans and other animals (2). Brazil has the worlds highest biodiversity, accounting for over 20% of the total number of known species. This country presents the most diverse flora, with more than 55 thousand described species, which corresponds to 22% of the global total. Such biodiversity is followed by a wide acceptance of the medicinal plant use (3). Most of the Brazilian population (80%) consumes ...
Effects of Fruits Extracts of Three Medicinal Plants on the Blood Glucose Level of Glucose-induced Hyperglycemic and Normal Rabbit Models
Background and objectives: In review of traditional Persian medicine (TPM) literature concerning multi drug therapy, a group of medicinal plants that are called convoy drugs, agents which penetrate fast into whole or specific part of the body and accelerate delivery of drugs into specific target has been mentioned. In this study, the inhibitory effect of the aqueous extracts of some selected medicinal plants on P-glycoprotein (P-gp) was assessed in order to determine the possibility of herb-drug interactions. Methods: P-gp inhibitory effect of aqueous extracts (250 µg/mL) from some medicinal plants and verapamile (5 µg/mL) was measured using flow cytometry by Rhodamine 123 (Rh123) in Caco2 cell line. Inhibition percent of each sample (%) was compared with a control group (Caco-2 cell with Rh 123). Results: According to the results pennyroyal, aniseed (p|0.001), celery seed, melon seed and white agaric extract (p|0.01) exhibited the highest Rh123 percent in Caco-2 cells that could be associated with
Growers and producers should have adequate knowledge of the medicinal plant concerned. This should include botanical identification, cultivation characteristics and environmental requirements (soil type, soil pH, fertility, plant spacing and light requirements), as well as the means of harvest and storage.. All personnel (including field workers) involved in the propagation, cultivation, harvest and post-harvest processing stages of medicinal plant production should maintain appropriate personal hygiene and should have received training regarding their hygiene responsibilities.. Only properly trained personnel, wearing appropriate protective clothing (such as overalls, gloves, helmet, goggles, face mask), should apply agrochemicals.. Growers and producers should receive instruction on all issues relevant to the protection of the environment, conservation of medicinal plant species, and proper agricultural stewardship.. For further information, see section 4.7.. ...
|i|Journal of Diseases and Medicinal Plants (JDMP)|/i| publishes bi-monthly papers in the areas of pharmacology, toxicology, Neuroscience, Pathology, plant Biochemistry, animal Biochemistry, Biochemistry, Bio-organic Chemistry and medicinal Chemistry. The journal presents original papers, reviews and letters. The primary goal of this journal is to advance the understanding for the use of medicinal plants in the treatment of Diseases such as Leukemia, Breast cancer, HIV/AIDS, Cardiovascular diseases, Diabetes and other Diseases. The journal is addressed to scientists and other specialists interested in Medicinal plant research, teaching and techniques.
|i|Journal of Diseases and Medicinal Plants (JDMP)|/i| publishes bi-monthly papers in the areas of pharmacology, toxicology, Neuroscience, Pathology, plant Biochemistry, animal Biochemistry, Biochemistry, Bio-organic Chemistry and medicinal Chemistry. The journal presents original papers, reviews and letters. The primary goal of this journal is to advance the understanding for the use of medicinal plants in the treatment of Diseases such as Leukemia, Breast cancer, HIV/AIDS, Cardiovascular diseases, Diabetes and other Diseases. The journal is addressed to scientists and other specialists interested in Medicinal plant research, teaching and techniques.
|i|Journal of Diseases and Medicinal Plants (JDMP)|/i| publishes bi-monthly papers in the areas of pharmacology, toxicology, Neuroscience, Pathology, plant Biochemistry, animal Biochemistry, Biochemistry, Bio-organic Chemistry and medicinal Chemistry. The journal presents original papers, reviews and letters. The primary goal of this journal is to advance the understanding for the use of medicinal plants in the treatment of Diseases such as Leukemia, Breast cancer, HIV/AIDS, Cardiovascular diseases, Diabetes and other Diseases. The journal is addressed to scientists and other specialists interested in Medicinal plant research, teaching and techniques.
Numerous side effects of synthetic drugs have caused medicinal plants to be regarded in recent decades as a reliable source of new drugs. Regarding the analgesic effects of many plants that are pointed in traditional medicine of Iran, many studies have been performed in this field that have caused need to be reviewed. In this study, different methods of testing pain, analgesic activity and possible compounds of medicinal plants and also the possible mechanisms actions of these plants are presented. The data presented in this review paper provide scientific information that might be used for isolation of potentially active compounds from some of these medicinal plants in future.. ...
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Medicinal plants are possible sources for future novel antioxidant compounds in food and pharmaceutical formulations. Recent attention on medicinal plants emanates from their long historical utilisati
Sphaeranthus indicus is an important medicinal plant, which is used to cure various illnesses. The present study is the first investigation of the antimicrobial, antioxidant and phytochemical analysis of Sphaeranthus indicus from Chhattisgarh, India. The whole plant and plant parts were extracted with polar and non-polar solvents such as water, methanol, ethyl acetate and hexane to assess various bioactivities. The antimicrobial and antioxidant activities were performed by ager well diffusion method and ferrous reducing capacity, respectively; However free radical scavenging activity was analyzed using DMPD and DPPH scavenging assay. The DMPD and DPPH assay were performed in a time dependent manner. Qualitative and quantitative analysis were performed for the total phytochemicals present in the plant extracts. The total content of phenols, flavonoids and terpenoids was analyzed by colorimetric methods. Ethyl acetate and hexane extract of plant inflorescence and stem exhibited significant antibacterial
9789380138541, Medicinal Plants: Biodiversity, Conservation and Traditional Knowledge (In 4 Volumes), , A K Srivastava, Swastik Publications, `Medicinal Plants' are an essential part of traditional health care systems. Their gathering and cultivation
This research work concerns with the pharmacological screening of herbal extract for their antihypertensive action as well as the bioassay-directed fractionation of some medicinal plants, this is also resulted in the isolation of active principle from indigenous medicinal plants.Hypertension (elevated blood pressure) is one of the most common disease of modern times The drugs so far available are not only beyond the reach of a common man, but also have serious side effects, lacking curative properties thus limiting their therapeutic use. It is alarming that 12 million lives lost annually due to various cardio-vascular troubles mainly hypertension. Many medicinal plants are used in traditional system of medicine for the treatment of hypertension which require further detailed pharmacological investigation. However little systematic scientific studies with particular reference to antihypertensive activity has been undertaken on these plants. Pakistan is very rich in herbal wealth and research on ...
Millions of people worldwide depend upon medicinal plants for their healthcare needs. However, environmental damage is increasing the threat of plant extinction and jeopardising access to natural resources.. BGCI is working to link plant conservation with improvements in human well-being through a project for threatened medicinal species to help ensure on-going access to vital plant resources.. You can support our project and help make a difference to community health and plant conservation. Please contact us directly to find out more about this and other projects which use plant diversity to improve livelihoods and well-being.. ...
BioMed Research International is a peer-reviewed, Open Access journal that publishes original research articles, review articles, and clinical studies covering a wide range of subjects in life sciences and medicine. The journal is divided into 55 subject-specific sections.
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Background: In Cameroon, most peoples use traditional medicine treating infectious diseases. To verify the scientific bases of these locally used medicinal plants, an ethnobotanical survey was carried out in some villages of Vina and Mayo-Louti Divisions. Materials and Methods: Interviews were conducted through structured questionnaires among 31 traditional healers living in these divisions. With the medicinal plants revealed, a literature investigation on their therapeutic effects, as well as in vitro antimicrobial activity of these plants were conducted. The agar diffusion method was used to determine the antibacterial activities of the methanol extracts against the pathogens while the Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC) was determined using the Broth dilution method.. Result: A total of 15 medicinal plants species belonging to 12 families are being used in the treatment of numerous infectious diseases in the Vina and Mayo-Louti Divisions. Khaya senegalensis (Meliaceae), Terminalia ...
There has been a long standing interest in the identification of medicinal plants and derived natural products for developing cancer therapeutics. Our study focuses upon pancreatic cancer, due to its high mortality rate, that is attributed in part to the lack of an effective chemotherapeutic agent. Previous reports on the use of medicinal plant extracts either alone or alongside conventional anticancer agents in the treatment of this cancer have shown promising results. This work aims to investigate the therapeutic properties of a library of medicinal plants from Bangladesh. 56 extracts of 44 unique medicinal plants were studied. The extracts were screened for cytotoxicity against the pancreatic adenocarcinoma cell line Panc-1, using a label-free biosensor assay. The top cytotoxic extracts identified in this screen were tested on two additional pancreatic cancer cell lines (Mia-Paca2 and Capan-1) and a fibroblast cell line (Hs68) using an MTT proliferation assay. Finally, one of the most promising
Many benefits that we can get from red kidney bean. Nutrient content in the red kidney bean are very good for the health of the human body. Beside for cooking into variety of delicious foods, red kidney bean nutrition also incredibly rich. kidney beans are rich in folic acid, calcium, complex carbohydrates, fiber, and protein is high. The content of complex carbohydrates and high in fiber which makes kidney bean can lower blood cholesterol levels. kidney bean glycemic index levels also are low, so it is good for people with diabetes and reduce the risk of diabetes ...
Though the majority of people in Kenya and at Kopsiro Division in particular, rely on ethnomedicinal plant species to manage human ailments, the indigenous knowledge largely remains undocumented. Therefore, an ethnobotanical study was conducted on medicinal plant species used to manage human ailments at Kopsiro Division Mt. Elgon District Kenya. The objectives were to identify and document plants traditionally used for medicinal therapy by the Sabaots, to find out the method used for preparing and administering the drugs and to find out the conservation practices for the medicinal plants. Observations and semi-structured interviews were used to gather ethnobotanical data. 107 plants belonging to 56 families were identified and reported to be of medicinal value to the locals. Roots (47.3%) were the most frequently used parts of the plant followed by the bark (23.35%) then leaves (22.75%). The whole plant (1.8%), seed (1.2%), fruit (1.2%), sap (1.2%), flower (0.6%) and wood (0.6%) are least used ...
Commiphora wightii commonly known as Guggul is an important medicinal plant that contains oleo gum resin which is used as antiarthritic, hypocholesterol..
Kidney beans are a large, kidney-shaped bean with colored skin and a firm, white interior. Dark red kidney beans and light red kidney beans, while slightly different in color, are extremely similar in flavor, texture and nutritional value. While the two beans are actually different species, they can be used interchangeably.. ...
Are Genetically Modified (GM) foods safe to eat ? In a 100 gram reference amount, cooked beans provide 128 calories, a moderate to high content (10% or more of the Daily Value, DV) of the B vitamin folate (30% DV), and several dietary minerals (11% to 27% DV, table). Biosci. Biol. There were 11 phenolic constituents identified in adzuki beans 38). Here is a table of search results for adzuki beans; Food Name: Add to Tracking Add to Compare Create Recipe Add to My Foods. Comprehensive nutrition resource for Adzuki Bean, Raw. Fermented Soy Products: A Guide To 12 Traditional Foods. Furthermore, according to Corral-Aguayo et al. Afshin A, Micha R, Khatibzadeh S, Mozaffarian D. Am J Clin Nutr. Rubatzky V. E., Yamaguchi M., Rubatzky V. & Yamaguchi M. World vegetables: principles, production, and nutritive values. Hypoglycemic effect of hot-water extract of adzuki (Vigna angularis) in spontaneously diabetic KK-A(y) mice. Chem. (Medical disclaimer)
In the present study, 78 mapped simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers representing 11 linkage groups of adzuki bean were evaluated for transferability to mungbean and related Vigna spp. 41 markers amplified characteristic bands in at least one Vigna species. The transferability percentage across the genotypes ranged from 60.97 to 92.6% with 87.8% in Vigna radiata and Vigna mungo, 62.2% in Vigna unguiculata, 91.8% in Vigna umbellata, 78% in Vigna mungo var. sylvestris and 80% in Vigna trilobata, respectively. Five major clusters were observed using unweighted pair group method with an arithmetic mean (UPGMA) with each cluster representing a particular Vigna species. We have successfully utilized adzuki bean SSRs in amplifying microsatellite sequences in Vigna species and inferring phylogenetic relationships by correlating the rate of transfer among them. The polymorphic SSR markers identified in this study would be useful in the analysis of genetic diversity, gene mapping and other aspects of ...
The proper identification of plant species has major benefits for a wide range of stakeholders ranging from forestry services, botanists, taxonomists, physicians, pharmaceutical laboratories, organisations fighting for endangered species, government and the public at large. Consequently, this has fueled an interest in developing automated systems for the recognition of different plant species. A fully automated method for the recognition of medicinal plants using computer vision and machine learning techniques has been presented. Leaves from 24 different medicinal plant species were collected and photographed using a smartphone in a laboratory setting. A large number of features were extracted from each leaf such as its length, width, perimeter, area, number of vertices, colour, perimeter and area of hull. Several derived features were then computed from these attributes. The best results were obtained from a random forest classifier using a 10-fold crossvalidation technique. With an accuracy of 90.1%,
Dark Red Kidney Bean. Red Kidney Bean contains Vitamin B1, B2, and B6 which helps to digest carbohydrates. This is especially beneficial for people with main staple as rice. Red Kidney Beans could be used as to bake rice or salad, but could be used as to cook rice-cake and soup for superior taste.. 강낭콩. 강낭콩은 비타민 B1, B2, B6가 많아 쌀밥을 주식으로 하는 한국인에게 탄수화물 대사를 순조롭게 도와줍니다. 강낭콩은 밥을 해서 먹거나 쪄서 샐러드로 만들어 먹으면 맛이 좋으며, 떡이나 수프로 만들어 먹기도 합니다. ...
As in previous volumes, readers will find a multidisciplinary forum for communicating knowledge related to the botany, horticulture, and pharmacology of herbs, spices, and medicinal plants. While magical and mystical powers have been associated with these plants through the ages, continued investigations in such areas as production, nomenclature, uses, chemical constitution, and dynamics help elucidate the affiliated chemical and physical processes that contribute to their unique flavor, fragrance, pharmacological, and other bioactive properties. This collection of articles examines the potential of natural products as pesticides, the richness of the Chinese Pharmacopeia, the similarities of Eastern Asian and Eastern North American medicinal plants, the use of borage as a source of gamma linolenic acid, and the botanical nomenclature of medicinal plants.
Justicia betonica L., family Acanthaceae is a widely used traditional folk medicinal herb. It is a unique source of jusbetonin and the leaves yield bluish purple dye. Traditionally, the plant is used to cure constipation, diarrhea, malaria, orchitis, pain, snake bite, stomach ache, vomiting etc. The whole plant possess significant biologically active principles like steroids, triterpenoids, alkaloids, saponins, glycosides, carbohydrates, gum and mucilage, proteins, fixed oils and fat, phenolics and tannins. It is reported to exhibit antiviral, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, analgesic and antimalarial activities. The intention of the study was to endow an overview of the ethnomedicinal properties, phytochemistry and related pharmacological applications of J. betonica, and to make an authenticated evidence base for further research on this important medicinal plant ...
SURYA SRI TRADERS - Supplier and exporter of organic rajma beans or raw red kidney beans from Andhra Pradesh, India.We deals in wide variety of kidney beans like red kidney beans and white kidney beans.
asthma history testimonial asthma national asthma education and prevention program asthma specialists utah medicinal plants asthma overcoming asthma cure for asthma in infants asthma clinics atlanta excercise induced asthma medicinal plants asthma Here, we describe AsthmaPlantBase, a database containing information of medicinal plants for There are two types of asthma,...
Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Aloe Arborescens. List of various diseases cured by Aloe Arborescens. How Aloe Arborescens is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. Names of Aloe Arborescens in various languages of the world are also given.
Various plants have been used against cancer in folk traditional medicine of Bangladesh. . Traditional medicinal knowledge has been a means towards the discovery of many modern medicines (Cotton, C.M., 1996). Bangladesh has a rich history of several traditional medicinal systems, among whom the most notable ones are the Ayurvedic, Unani, and the folk medicinal systems. Folk medicine is practiced by Kavirajes who utilize simple formulations of medicinal plants in most of their preparations. Recently World Health Organization has shown great interest in documenting the use of medicinal plants used by tribes from different parts of the world. Many developing countries have intensified their efforts in documenting the ethnomedical data and scientific research on medicinal plants. Natural products or natural product derivatives comprised 14 of the top 35 drugs in 2000 based on worldwide sales (Butlet, 2004). Two plant derived natural products, paclitaxel and camptothecin were estimated to account for ...
Abstract Vitex negundo is an important medicinal plant with potent anti-inflammatory activity. The major constituents of this plant are flavonoids, casticin, chryso-splenol and vitexin, Chrysophenol D, nishindine and hydrocotylene. It also contains monoterpenes agnuside, eurostoside, and aucubin. These constituents contribute various pharmacological activities as anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antinociceptive, anti-ulcer, free radicals scavenging, hepatoprotective and many more. This review discuss the investigation made by various workers related to its ethnobotanical claims, ayurvedic properties, chemical constituents, pharmacological activities ,analytical studies and other aspects considering this plant since years till date.. ...
1 Introduction Carotenoids are C40 isoprenoids and form one of the most diverse classes of natural compounds. They serve multitude of functions ranging from photosynthetic pigments to nutritional compounds and antioxidants. Carotenoids undergo a reaction involving incorporation of both oxygen atoms from molecular oxygen into their substrates across a double bond resulting in the production of two ketone- or aldehyde-containing cleavage products (Auldridge et al. 2006a, b). 1). They are widespread in plant kingdom and carry out vital physiological and developmental processes in plants. Is an important medicinal plant and has been used widely in tropical and subtropical countries for treating a number of ailments. The use of saffron for medicinal purposes dates back to the Greek and Roman periods. It has been used to treat stomach disorders, flatulence, coughs, colic, insomnia, feminine disorder, and heart disease, as anodyne and tranquilizer, and for its emetic properties (Abdullaev et al. 2003). ...
Adzuki Beans - Export Quality and Best Price(id:10567706). View product details of Adzuki Beans - Export Quality and Best Price from Atn Investments Pty Ltd manufacturer in EC21
Title : Ethnobotanical survey of medicinal plants used in the management of opportunistic fungal infections in HIV/AIDS patients in the Amathole District of the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa Journal of Medicinal Plants Research Vol. 6(11), pp. 2071-2080, 23 March, 2012 http://www.academicjournals.org/JMPR/PDF/pdf2012/23Mar/Otang%20et%20al.pdf ...
MERETIKA, Adriana Heindrickson Cunha; PERONI, Nivaldo e HANAZAKI, Natalia. Local knowledge of medicinal plants in three artisanal fishing communities (Itapoá, Southern Brazil), according to gender, age, and urbanization. Acta Bot. Bras. [online]. 2010, vol.24, n.2, pp.386-394. ISSN 0102-3306. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0102-33062010000200009.. This article analyzes some of the factors affecting the distribution of knowledge about medicinal plants of three artisanal fishing communities in Itapoá Municipality, in the state of Santa Catarina, Brazil. Ninety semi-structured interviews were performed, which resulted in 109 cited plant species. The sample included both men (n=46) and women (n=44), in different age categories: 18-40 years old (n=18), 41-50 (n=21), 51-60 (n=28), and 61+ years old (n=23), and in three different communities: Barra do Saí (n=17), Itapema do Norte (n=31) and Pontal do Norte (n=42). Leaves are the plant parts most used by the communities (62%), and are obtained primarily ...
Asafetida (Ferula assa- foetida L.) is an important medicinal plant belonging to Apiaceae family and has long dormancy. In this research, vernalization, washing time, GA3, medium strength, harvesting time and interaction of these treatments were studied to optimize condition of germination. The results showed that vernalization at 4-5°C for two ...
Thanks so much for visiting with us. Details on the bracelet can be found at:. https://gibsongrafe.com/products/kidney-bean-bracelet. Thanks so much for visiting. Please leave your name and email with the comments below so well know you were here. And dont forget to check your email for an interesting bean fact-sheet from us and a 10% discount on your next purchase. (Youll get a new bean recipe with every purchase.). Susan Gibson-Grafe. Just for fun: http://etsyGibsonGrafe.com. If you want to grow your own large red kidney beans, heres how:. Dry Bean - Organic Red Kidney. Red Kidney Bean Germination: ...
The spice saffron is made from the dried stigmas of the plant Crocus sativus L. The main use of saffron is in cooking, due to its ability to impart colour, flavour and aroma to foods and beverages. However, from time immemorial it has also been considered a medicinal plant because it possesses therapeutic properties, as illustrated in paintings found on the island of Santorini, dated 1627 BC. It is included in Catalogues of Medicinal Plants and in the European Pharmacopoeias, being part of a great number of compounded formulas from the 16th to the 20th centuries. The medicinal and pharmaceutical uses of this plant largely disappeared with the advent of synthetic chemistry-produced drugs. However, in recent years there has been growing interest in demonstrating saffrons already known bioactivity, which is attributed to the main components-crocetin and its glycosidic esters, called crocins, and safranal-and to the synergy between the compounds present in the spice. The objective of this work was to
Download red kidney beans stock images. High-quality stock photos about kidney beans, cooked beans, red kidney beans wooden spoon
Other types of beans also contain PHA, but its much more concentrated in red kidney beans. For example, the unit of measurement for the toxin is called hau, for hemagglutinating unit. Raw red kidney beans have anywhere from 20,000 to 70,000 hau, but that drops to 200 to 400 hau when the beans are fully cooked - not enough to be a problem. White kidney beans, or cannellini beans, contain only about one-third of the toxin as red kidney beans. Broad beans, or fava beans, contain just 5 to 10 percent of whats in red kidney beans ...
Organic Red Kidney Beans No Added Salt or Sugar 1 of Your 5 a Day BPA Free Packaging Gluten Free Organic & Natural Cooked & Ready to Eat Vegan & Vegetarian Organic red kidney beans simply in water! The Kidney Bean is a Fibre All-Star. Fantastic for your heart, your brain and providing sustained, slow-burnin
What: These beans are dark, rich and have a full-bodied flavour. Dark red kidney beans are great in a chilli or soup. They can also be used in place of meat in some recipes and lovely in a salad, especially mixed with other legumes. Must be boiled before use. Served Best: Dark red kidney beans are great in a chilli con
Title:Antioxidant and Antiproliferative Activity of Selected Medicinal Plants of Lower Assam, India: An In Vitro and In Silico Study. VOLUME: 21 ISSUE: 2. Author(s):Ananta Swargiary*, Akalesh K. Verma, Sweta Singh, Mritunjoy K. Roy and Manita Daimari. Affiliation:Department of Zoology, Bodoland University, Kokrajhar-783370, Assam, Department of Zoology, Cell & Biochemical Technology Laboratory, Cotton University, Guwahati -781001, Assam, District Malaria Office, Amingaon, Guwahati, Assam-786031, Department of Zoology, Bodoland University, Kokrajhar-783370, Assam, Department of Zoology, Bodoland University, Kokrajhar-783370, Assam. Keywords:Antioxidant, antiproliferative, apoptosis, docking, ethnomedicine, Kokrajhar.. Abstract:Background: The use of medicinal plants for general wellbeing and disease treatment is a common practice among tribal communities of Kokrajhar districts of Assam. However, little works have been done to study the pharmacological aspect of the plants. Objectives: The present ...
The full-bodied flavor of BUSHS® Reduced Sodium Dark Red Kidney Beans makes a well-balanced addition to any low-sodium chili, rice or salad recipe. Learn more about BUSHS® Reduced Sodium Dark Red Kidney Beans.
The GOYA Red Kidney Beans you love now also come in Organic They have a robust flavor and are seasoned with sea salt Use them to prepare delicious chili, salads and more EXCELLENT DIET COMPATIBILITY 100% USDA Certified Organic Gluten Free, Low Sodium, Soy Free, No Sugar Added, Fat Free, Saturated Fat Free, 0g Trans Fat and Cholesterol Free, Vegan and Kosher Excellent Source of Fiber Good Source Iron, Potassium and Protein CONVENIENT GOYA Organic Red Kidney Beans are a perfect fit for a busy lifestyle Use the Easy Open Lid, then season, heat and serve, or enjoy cold in a delicious salad PRIME PREMIUM QUALITY If its Goya it has to be good ¡Si es Goya tiene que ser bueno ONE 155 OZ ...
Red kidney beans are rich in prebiotic fibre, which has been shown to increase your gut microbial diversity, one of the key drivers of your overall health. Contains non-haem iron, potassium, manganese and some Vitamin K1. Red Kidney Beans pair well with fennel, squid, chorizo and alongside Mexican-style flavours. It a
Mickey Mouse Plant. ochna kirkii, birds eye bush: Philippine herbal medicinal plants - An illustrated compilation of Philippine medicinal herbs by Dr Godofredo Stuart, with botanical information, chemical properties, folkloric uses and research studies
The main point to take away from this weeks Phytonutrient Friday post is that Aloe Vera is or at least should be, an indispensable part of all of our herbal dispensaries. The aloe plant has important medicinal uses making it one of the most respected medicinal plants found on the planet. Modern researchers have identified several reasons why aloe gel spurs wound healing: It has antibacterial, antifungal and antiviral compounds that help prevent wound infections. It also has immune-stimulating and anti-inflammatory compounds, and it stimulates collagen synthesis and skin regeneration after a burn. Aloe gel contains vitamins C and E, plus the mineral zinc. Aloe Vera gel is soothing, anti-inflammatory, and antibacterial - it helps heal acne, improve the appearance of wrinkles, and hydrates damaged skin. Applying a thin layer of this amazing gel will help ease discomfort caused by painful skin irritations, and acne ...
Medicinal Plants of Scotland. Gallery of Medicinal Plants and Wild Flowers of Scotland. Photographed by Russell Malcolm. Please contact us for permission to reproduce these images or to apply for original files in high-resolution. Information on botanical field trips and guided wildflower walks in Fife and Kinross, Clackmannanshire, Perthshire and Lothians. Petals, anthers, male and female reproducive parts, sepals, stamen, stem, leaves, nectar.
In order to evaluate cardinal temperatures and optimum thermal range of germination of three medicinal plants including Thymus transcaspicus, Foeniculum vulgare and Calligonumjunceum an experiment was conducted in a Completely Randomized Design with three replications. Therefore, this experiment was conducted to study of the seed germination characteristics to temperature. The we used three medicinal plants with 9 fixed temperatures ( 50C, 100C, 150C, 200C, 250C ,300C, 350C, 400C and 450C) as factorial experiment in the growth chamber. The results showed that the effect of these crops, temperature and their interactions on germination characteristics were significant. The basic, optimum and maximum temperatures were 1.4, 29.93, and 44.66 for Thymus transcaspicus, 3.33, 21.35 and 42.54 for Foeniculum vulgare and 5.23, 33.60 and 45 for Calligonum junceum.
In Kenya, microbial infections remain a threat to millions of lives of those individuals Antibiotic effectiveness is threatened by increasing resistance of pathogenic microbes against most available drugs as new pathogens continue to emerge. •Plants are a possible source of antimicrobial agents and could lead to the isolation of new and potentially effective antimicrobial compounds.. However for majority of herbal drugs, information on the efficacy, dosage safety and active principles is not well documented.. Antimicrobial activity, toxicity and phytochemical analysis of 4 most commonly used medicinal plants for treatment of ear, nose and throat infections (ENT), gastrointestinal disorders and skin ailments namely, Schrebera alata (Bark), Omorcarpum kirkii (Aerial part) ,Cussonia holstii (Bark)& Helichrysum forskahlii (Whole plant) was carried out .. ...
Medicinal Uses of Garlic Garlic is an important medicinal herb that is readily available everywhere. It is one of the safest herbs, and as such can...
The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. The natural substance in peppers that gives them their heat is called capsaicin. … conoide (Miller) Irish Capsicum annuum var. The Longum group includes chili peppers and cayenne peppers. They are edible but quite hot. CAFR7. Capsicum annuum cultivars. acuminatum: Fingerhuth: Capsicum annuum var. Solanaceae. Small, solitary, axillary, white or greenish, 5-parted. The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Capsicum annuum . 2 μL Capsicum annuum var. Peppers demand warm weather and dont like their roots disturbed. The species encompasses a wide variety o shapes an sizes o peppers, baith mild an het, rangin frae bell peppers tae chili peppers. 8-11. The name given to the Capsicum fruits varies between English-speaking countries. Bell pepper, (Capsicum annuum), also called sweet pepper or capsicum, ...
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Books, Directory and CD databases, Project consultancy, Profiles, related publications and information on Herbal Products, Aromatic Plant Cultivation, Processing, Herb, Medicinal Plants, Herbs Cultivation, Processing, Herb, Herbs Extracts, Aloe Vera Cultivation, Cultivation, Research Findings, Products, Formulations, Extraction & Processing, Processing, Herbs from NPCS
Broad beans have a creamy texture, perfectly complementing naturally salty food such as bacon or ham - try pan frying them with garlic, ginger and bacon for a side dish or to add to a salad. - They also make a great dip - use broad beans in place of chickpeas for a creamy,hummus style dip or smash with peas and mint for a summery pea and broad bean mash. Serve with crudités, or try served on your go-to toast, then top with a poached egg for weekend brunch. - They also work well with avocado in guacamole - mix with avocado, tahini, coconut milk, garlic and lime then blitz until almost-smooth. - For mains, try a summer broad bean risotto. Add broad beans, peas and mint to a creamy coconut and brown rice base for an easy, summer dish. - For meat, they work particularly well with lamb. Serve grilled lamb cutlets with a side of mint and broad ban mash, or slow cooked with a side of parboiled broad beans sautéed with garlic and ginger. - Broad beans make for the perfect summer salad addition. Try ...
One of the worlds most important medicinal herbs, the echinacea has the capacity to raise the bodys resistance to bacterial and viral infections by stimulating the immune system. It also has antibiotic properties that helps relieve allergies. Basically, the roots are beneficial in the treatment of sores, wounds and burns. It was once used by the red indians as an application for insect bites, stings and snakebites. The echinacea grows on any well drained soil, as long as it gets sunlight. ...
The Visakhapatnam local centre (VLC) of the Institution of Engineers (India) organised a technical lecture on aromatic and medicinal plants-prospects and problems in the city on Wednesday.. MVGR Engineering College chemical engineering department head M.R. Pani Grahi participated and highlighted the medicinal values of commonly used gorintakku and thulasi leaves among other plants. ...
According to Mrs. Grieves A Modern Herbal , red roses, the darker and more fragrant the better, have been favored in medicinal herbal preparations. The rose hips (seed bearing fruit) are bright red and rich in medicinal and curative properties. Tropical Garden Landscape Trees Garden Trees Plants Tree White Gardens Shrubs Flowers Flowering Trees. Sign in with your online account. Medicinal use of this product has not been approved by the FDA. You may also use the Bill Me option and pay $17.95 for 6 issues. 6 Rose Oil Benefits 1. Rose petals are mildly sedative, antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, and anti-parasitic. Learn all about foraging for rose hips and wild rose and their edible and medicinal uses! ---Medicinal Action and Uses---The old herbalists considered the Red Rose to be more binding and more astringent than any of the other species: it strengtheneth the heart, the stomach, the liver and the retentive faculty; is good against all kinds of fluxes, prevents vomiting, stops tickling coughs ...
The tropical island of Sri Lanka, a small country situated off the coast of India, is home to a large number of indigenous plants, many of which have been used medicinally by native healers since ancient times.It has been estimated that there are approximately 1,414 indigenous medicinal plants in Sr
Modulation of carcinogenicity and mutagenicity by herbal medicinal plant Bacopa monnieri extract in swiss albino mice, R.C.Agrawal, Vishnoi Shilki, Neha Agrawal
I always get a kick from watching those commercials on TV for prescription drugs that list all the potential side effects. If its a medicine for heartburn, for example, they explain that the pill might cause indigestion, thoughts of suicide and/or sudden death. Sounds promising. It also seems that the more pills you take, the more dependent you become on them because they cause more issues than they fix and you end up on additional prescriptions. If, like me, youre ready to find solutions to health problems that do more good than harm, consider growing a medicinal garden in your backyard. People have been growing medicinal gardens for centuries and have been able to treat and prevent ailments from PMS to colitis. Here are 10 medicinal plants anyone can grow in their backyard. Youll be surprised that #3 isnt just an annoying weed!. 1. Vera Healing. Aloe vera is known for its healing properties. The gel inside is soothing on burns and cuts and can also help clear up some skin conditions such ...
Raw, DEANE in Edible; Grain/Nuts/Seeds; Herb, Greens/Pot; Medicinal; Uses, Plant; plants; Roots/Tubers/Corms; Vegetable (2012- ... "Plants Profile for Rumex confertus (Asiatic dock)". plants.usda.gov. Retrieved 2019-10-10. v t e. ... Rumex confertus (Russian dock) is a flowering plant species in the family Polygonaceae. It grows quickly, reproduces from ...
Medicinal Plants. 6. Boca Raton: CRC Press. p. 398. ISBN 9781420073867. .. *^ a b Viestad A (2007). Where Flavor Was Born: ... Watt JM, Breyer-Brandwijk MG (1962). Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of Southern and Eastern Africa. E & S Livingstone.. ... Co LL, Taguba YB (1984). Common medicinal plants of the Cordillera region (Northern Luzon, Philippines). Community Health ... The next step after farmers ensure soil is well suitable for planting and growing is planting the rhizome seed. In India, ...
Schmelzer, G.H.; A. Gurib-Fakim (2008). Medicinal Plants. Plant Resources of Tropical Africa. pp. 46-49. ISBN 978-90-5782-204-9 ... Like many plants, Adenium obesum can also be propagated in vitro using plant tissue culture.[6] ... While plants grown from seed are more likely to have the swollen caudex at a young age, with time many cutting-grown plants ... List of poisonous plants. References[edit]. *^ "Adenium obesum". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural ...
Plant-derived[edit]. Further information: Medicinal plant. Many secondary metabolites produced by plants have potential ... This made for the beginning of the modern era in pharmacology, as pure chemicals, instead of crude extracts of medicinal plants ... Sutton D (2007). "Pedanios Dioscorides: Recording the Medicinal Uses of Plants". In Huxley R (ed.). The Great Naturalists. ... "Future Medicinal Chemistry. 6 (11): 1265-90. doi:10.4155/fmc.14.60. PMC 4465542. PMID 25163000.. ...
Medicinal Plants. PROTA. 2008. pp. 391-392. ISBN 978-9-05782-204-9. Ahmad, Kartini; Thomas, Noel F.; Hadi, A. Hamid A.; Mukhtar ... Local medicinal uses include as a carminative and in high doses as an abortifacient. Ochrosia oppositifolia is native to ... "Ochrosia oppositifolia". World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (WCSP). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 4 August 2017 ...
Medicinal Plants. PROTA. 2008. pp. 336-337. ISBN 978-9-05782-204-9. v t e. ... The plant's hard wood is used in carving and to make small tools. The species is native to an area of tropical Africa from ... Its numerous local medicinal uses include for fever, leprosy sores, stomach and liver problems and as an anthelmintic, ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "Hunteria umbellata". World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (WCSP). Royal Botanic ...
Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Schmelzer, G.H.; A. Gurib-Fakim (2008). Medicinal Plants. Plant Resources of ... However, cutting-grown plants do not tend to develop a desirable thick caudex as quickly as seed-grown plants. The sap of ... Because seed-grown plants are not genetically identical to the mother plant, desirable varieties are commonly propagated by ... Adenium is a genus of flowering plants in the family Apocynaceae first described as a genus in 1819. It is native to Africa and ...
Schmelzer, Gabriëlla Harriët (2008). Medicinal Plants. PROTA Foundation. ISBN 9789057822049. Retrieved April 1, 2013.. ... The plants may not bear fruit as individual plants are either male or female. The plant is regarded as one of the most toxic ... The plant consists of slender and grey stems growing up to a height of 2.5 meters. Yellow-brown capsules appear at the tips of ... It has been reported that if you have an open wound and come into contact with the plant its poison could kill you. Another ...
Some plants believed to have medicinal properties are located at the Dominica Botanic Gardens. These include varieties that ... Bush Medicine: Medicinal Herbs, Trees and Plants of The Bahamas, Bahamasgroup.com (Carib Acquisitions Ltd.), accessed November ... Bush teas are usually drunk for medicinal purposes or to maintain health. Many common plants in Dominica are used in these teas ... "Medicinal Plants". Dominica Botanical Gardens. Archived from the original on August 21, 2011. Retrieved October 23, 2011. "Meet ...
Local medicinal uses include the treatment of wounds, fever and hypertension. The plant is native to tropical central and ... Medicinal Plants. PROTA. 2008. pp. 597-598. ISBN 978-9-05782-204-9. v t e. ... Tabernaemontana ventricosa (commonly known as forest toad-tree or small-fruited toad-tree) is a plant in the family Apocynaceae ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "Tabernaemontana ventricosa". World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (WCSP). Royal ...
Medicinal Plants. PROTA. 2008. pp. 29-30. ISBN 978-9-05782-204-9. "Acokanthera oblongifolia". International Plant Names Index ( ... Acokanthera oblongifolia is used in local African medicinal treatments for snakebites, itches and internal worms. The plant has ... Acokanthera oblongifolia (commonly known as African wintersweet, dune poison bush, Hottentot's poison, poison arrow plant or ... "Acokanthera oblongifolia". World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (WCSP). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 3 August ...
Medicinal Plants. PROTA. 2008. pp. 543-544. ISBN 978-9-05782-204-9. v t e. ... Strophanthus boivinii, the wood shaving flower, is a species of plant in the family Apocynaceae. Strophanthus boivinii grows as ... Strophanthus boivinii is locally used in traditional medicinal treatments for gonorrhoea, colic, wounds and itches. ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "Strophanthus boivinii". World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (WCSP). Royal ...
Medicinal Plants. PROTA. 2008. pp. 589-592. ISBN 978-9-05782-204-9. v t e. ... Tabernaemontana crassa is a plant in the dogbane family Apocynaceae, native to tropical Africa. Tabernaemontana crassa grows as ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "Tabernaemontana crassa". World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (WCSP). Royal ...
Medicinal Plants. Plant Resources of Tropical Africa. pp. 43-49. ISBN 978-90-5782-204-9. "World Checklist of Selected Plant ... This inhibits the circulation of water in the tissue of the plant, causing individual branches to die until the entire plant is ... In his book Enquiries into Plants of circa 300 BC, Theophrastus described (among plants that affect the mind) a shrub he called ... latiloba Alafia parciflora List of ineffective cancer treatments List of plants poisonous to equines List of poisonous plants ...
Schmelzer, G.H.; A. Gurib-Fakim (2008). Medicinal Plants. Plant Resources of Tropical Africa. p. 427. ISBN 978-90-5782-204-9. ... or Pliny's belief that the plant was a cure for lead poisoning. The following species are accepted by The Plant List: Plumbago ... Carnivorous Plant Newsletter. International Carnivorous Plant Society. 26 (2): 34-38. Doug Caldwell. New thrips found on ... Plumbago is a genus of 10-20 species of flowering plants in the family Plumbaginaceae, native to warm temperate to tropical ...
The plant is native to Democratic Republic of Congo and Kenya. Medicinal Plants. PROTA. 2008. pp. 335-336. ISBN 978-9-05782-204 ... Local medicinal uses include for fever, diarrhoea and as an anthelmintic. H. congolana has been used as arrow poison. ...
Medicinal Plants. PROTA. 2008. pp. 496-497. ISBN 978-9-05782-204-9. v t e. ... Local medicinal uses include as a treatment for eye inflammation, sores and ringworm-infected skin. Schizozygia coffaeoides is ... Schizozygia is a monotypic genus of plant in the family Apocynaceae found in tropical Africa and the Comoros. As of July 2020[ ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "Schizozygia Baill". Plants of the World Online. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved ...
The plant is used in local medicinal treatments for toothache, fever and skin diseases, and also as a diuretic. The species is ... Medicinal Plants. PROTA. 2008. pp. 152-153. ISBN 978-9-05782-204-9. v t e. ... Vernacular names for the plant include "lance-leaf periwinkle". Its habitat is on volcanic or burned soil, hillside rocks and ... "Catharanthus lanceus". World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (WCSP). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 3 August 2017. ...
Medicinal Plants. PROTA. p. 71. ISBN 978-90-5782-204-9. v t e. ... Aloe flexilifolia is a species of flowering plant in the family ...
ISBN 0-620-17697-0. Schmelzer, H. G. and Gurib-Fakim, A. (2008). Medicinal Plants. Plant Resources of Tropical Africa (Program ... plants.jstor.org/taxon/Sapium.integerrimus International Association for Plant Taxonomy: INTERNATIONAL CODE OF BOTANICAL ... This is one of the larval food plants for two species of butterfly; Sevenia boisduvali and Sevenia natalensis. The leaves are ... JSTOR Plant Science: Sapium integerrimus Hochst. [family EUPHORBIACEAE]: http:// ...
The shrub has been intentionally introduced in many areas to be used as an ornamental, hedge plant, and as a medicinal herb., ... Medicinal plants. Chemistry and properties, Dr. M. Daniel, 2005. Barleria prionitis in Hyderabad, India. Barleria prionitis in ... On small Gili Iyang Island, to the northeast of Jawa, the plant is used to treat toothache. Parts of the plant are bitter, ... In Australia, the plant is on an alert list for environmental weeds, as it has the potential to seriously degrade ecosystems. ...
Medicinal Plants. PROTA. 2008. pp. 587-589. ISBN 978-9-05782-204-9. Useful Tropical Plants Database v t e. ... Local medicinal uses include for weight loss and to combat fatigue. Tabernaemontana coffeoides is native to Seychelles, the ... Tabernaemontana coffeoides is a species of flowering plant in the Apocynaceae family. It grows as a shrub or small tree up to ... "Tabernaemontana coffeoides Bojer ex A.DC". Plants of the World Online. The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. n.d. ...
S. welwitschii is used in local medicinal treatments for respiratory conditions, gonorrhoea and scabies. The plant has been ... Medicinal Plants. PROTA. 2008. pp. 561-562. ISBN 978-9-05782-204-9. v t e. ... "Strophanthus welwitschii". World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (WCSP). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 2 August ...
Medicinal Plants. PROTA. 2008. p. 484. ISBN 978-9-05782-204-9. v t e. ... The plant has been used as arrow poison. Rauvolfia mannii is native to central Africa. Botanic Gardens Conservation ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "Rauvolfia mannii". World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (WCSP). Royal Botanic ...
Medicinal Plants. Plant Resources of Tropical Africa (Program). ISBN 90-5782-204-0 Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant ... Sclerocroton is a plant genus of the family Euphorbiaceae first described as a genus in 1845. There a total of 6 known species ...
Medicinal Plants. PROTA. 2008. pp. 633-634. ISBN 978-9-05782-204-9. v t e. ... Local traditional medicinal uses include the treatment of kidney problems, gonorrhoea and as a laxative. Wrightia demartiniana ... Wrightia demartiniana is a plant in the dogbane family Apocynaceae. Wrightia demartiniana grows as a shrub or small tree up to ... "Wrightia demartiniana". World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (WCSP). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 23 August 2020 ...
192-. ISBN 978-1-57958-396-5. Gabriella Harriet Schmelzer; Ameenah Gurib-Fakim (2008). Medicinal Plants. PROTA. pp. 368-. ISBN ... Given its illegality, the plant Huperzia obtusifolia is sometimes used as a substitute, whether smoked or in infusions. Deanna ...
Schmelzer, G. H (2008). Medicinal plants. Plant Resources of Tropical Africa. p. 323. ISBN 978-90-5782-204-9. Retrieved 12 ... A comparison of areas affected by FTS and unaffected areas suggests three plant species may be the cause: Heliotropium, ...
De Smet, Peter A.G.M. (December 1997). "The Role of Plant-Derived Drugs and Herbal Medicines in Healthcare". Drugs. 54 (6): 801 ... Methods may incorporate or be based on traditional medicinal practices of a particular culture, folk knowledge, superstition,[ ... Ayurveda stresses the use of plant-based medicines and treatments, with some animal products, and added minerals, including ... includes not just the use of plant products, but may also include the use of animal and mineral products.[74] It is among the ...
Gurib-Fakim, A.. Medicinal plants: traditions of yesterday and drugs of tomorrow.. doi:10.1016/j.mam.2005.07.008. ... Gurib-Fakim, A.; Mahomoodally, M. F.. African Flora as Potential Sources of Medicinal Plants : Towards the Chemotherapy of ... Medicinal Plants of the Indian Ocean Islands (2004). *Guide illustré de la Flore de Maurice et des îles de l'Océan Indien (2004 ... Gurib-Fakim, A.; Sewraj, M.; J., Gueho; Dulloo, E.. «Medicinal Plants of Rodrigues». Pharmaceutical Biology. doi:10.1076/phbi. ...
... adversely affecting most plants, including trees and vegetables. For plants to thrive a certain quantity of organic matter ( ... They obtain high quality[citation needed] natural or organic produce having medicinal values. Today still a small number of ... Periodically ground layer plants including weeds may be cut and left on the surface, returning their nutrients to the soil, ... Tilling uproots all the plants in the area, turning their roots into food for bacteria and fungi. This damages their ability to ...
Medicinal and Aromatic Plants. VI. Springer-Verlag. pp. 46-55. ISBN 9783540563914.. ... Vinca alkaloids are a set of anti-mitotic and anti-microtubule alkaloid agents originally derived from the periwinkle plant ... Cooper, Raymond; Deakin, Jeffrey John (2016). "Africa's gift to the world". Botanical Miracles: Chemistry of Plants That ... all of which can be obtained from the plant.[5][6][7][8] The newer semi-synthetic chemotherapeutic agent vinorelbine is used in ...
Annual Reports in Medicinal Chemistry. 21. pp. 179-188. doi:10.1016/S0065-7743(08)61128-8. ISBN 9780120405213. . ISSN 0065-7743 ... Numerous other plant-derived therapies have demonstrated positive effects against acne (e.g., basil oil and oligosaccharides ...
Thomas L. Lemke; David A. Williams (24 January 2012). Foye's Principles of Medicinal Chemistry. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. ... the active constituent of the hallucinogenic plant Salvia divinorum), butorphanol, and pentazocine,[9] μ-opioid receptor ...
It is often used for medicinal purposes. It may be a grain spirit or it may be made from other plants. It is used in mixed ...
... oryzae is a harmful pathogen to either plants or animals in the scientific literature.[19] Therefore, Health Canada considers A ... Toso, spiced medicinal sake. *The Birth of Saké. References[edit]. *^ The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language ...
Plants For A Future database Medicinal plants Jepson Manual Treatment USDA Plants Profile Medicinal Uses and Harvesting. ... The Plant List Flowering Plants of the Santa Monica Mountains, Nancy Dale, 2nd Ed., 2000, p. 175 Medicinal Plants of the SW - ... Medicinal Plants of the Desert and Canyon West. Museum of New Mexico Press, Santa Fe, NM, 1989. Soule, J. A. 2011. Father ... Dried plant parts (leaves, floral structure) emit a spicy fragrance and are used in potpourri. In the deserts of California, ...
... of several of the practices and medicinal plants used by traditional medicine systems.[61] The line between alternative ... Throughout history and in Europe right until the late 18th century, not only animal and plant products were used as medicine, ... Prehistoric medicine incorporated plants (herbalism), animal parts, and minerals. In many cases these materials were used ... Pharmacology developed in part from herbalism and some drugs are still derived from plants (atropine, ephedrine, warfarin, ...
"Steroids". Medicinal Chemistry. Pearson Education India. p. 437.. *^ "15 Ways To Get Rid Of Pimples Overnight Natural". Fast ... Scott F. Gilbert; with a chapter on plant development by Susan R. Singer (2000). Scott F. Gilbert, ed. Developmental Biology ( ...
Some medicinal uses have been found. In the case of human feces, fecal transplants or fecal bacteriotherapy are in use. Urine ... An advantage for a plant in having fruit is that animals will eat the fruit and unknowingly disperse the seed in doing so. This ... "Panda Poop Might Help Turn Plants Into Fuel". News.nationalgeographic.com. 2013-09-10. Retrieved 2013-10-02.. ... Earthworm feces aid in provision of minerals and plant nutrients in an accessible form ...
Baytop, T. (1999) Therapy with medicinal plants in Turkey, Past and Present. Kitapevi, Istanbul, Turkey, 2nd edition, pp. 142. ... Anise is an herbaceous annual plant growing to 3 ft (0.9 m) or more tall. The leaves at the base of the plant are simple, 3⁄8-2 ... Anise plants grow best in light, fertile, well-drained soil. The seeds should be planted as soon as the ground warms up in ... Anise (/ˈænɪs/;[3] Pimpinella anisum), also called aniseed,[4] is a flowering plant in the family Apiaceae native to the ...
This Medicinal plants-related article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.. *v ... Umberto Quattrocchi (2012). CRC World Dictionary of Medicinal and Poisonous Plants. Common Names, Scientific Names, Eponyms, ...
Flannery, Michael A. (1998). "The Medicine and Medicinal Plants of C. S. Rafinesque". Economic Botany. 52 (1): 27-43. doi: ... Indexes Rafinesque's plant names.). *. Rafinesque, Constantine Samuel (1833). Atlantic Journal and Friend of Knowledge. p. 85. ... For a time Rafinesque also worked as secretary to the American consul.[13] During his stay in Sicily, he studied plants and ... Rafinesque published 6,700 binomial names of plants, many of which have priority over more familiar names.[26] The quantity of ...
Medicinal plants. *Pharmacognosy. *Plant epithet. *Sacred grove *In India. *Sacred plants *Bodhi Tree ...
"Medicinal Mushrooms: Their therapeutic properties and current medical usage with special emphasis on cancer treatments". Cancer ... "Aromatic Plant Species Mentioned in the Holy Qura'n and Ahadith and Their Ethnomedicinal Importance". Pakistan Journal of ...
... helping to grind up plant matter.[103] Fossil gastroliths have been found associated with both ornithopods and sauropods, ... "Medicinal use of Gekko gecko (Squamata: Gekkonidae) has an impact on agamid lizards". Salamandra. 50 (3): 185-186. ... but several lines of agamas and iguanas have evolved to live wholly or partly on plants.[103] ...
Cordyceps sinensis (Berk.) Sacc. Medicinal Plant Images Database (School of Chinese Medicine, Hong Kong Baptist University) ‹ ... Halpern, Miller (2002). Medicinal Mushrooms. New York, New York: M. Evans and Company, Inc. pp. 64-65. ISBN 978-0-87131-981-4. ... O. sinensis is classified as a medicinal mushroom, and its use has a long history in traditional Chinese medicine as well as ... In traditional Chinese medicine, its name is often abbreviated as chong cao (蟲草 "insect plant"), a name that also applies to ...
International Journal of Plant Sciences, Volume 164 (6), p.959-986. *^ List of allergic plants in family Chenopodiaceae at ... Dysphania ambrosioides (epazote) and Dysphania anthelmintica are used as medicinal herbs. Several amaranth species are also ... International Journal of Plant Sciences, 168(6), p.931-956. *^ a b G. Kadereit, S. Hohmann, J.W. Kadereit (2006): A synopsis of ... Amaranthaceae is a family of flowering plants commonly known as the amaranth family, in reference to its type genus Amaranthus ...
"An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants used by the Zay people in Ethiopia" (PDF). CBM:s skriftserie. 3: 81-99. Retrieved 4 ... The Zay people generally have limited access to modern health care and primarily rely on medicinal plants, although (as ... environmental and cultural factors threaten both medicinal plants and traditional medical knowledge.[1] ...
... that the word tea is also used to refer to other plants beside the tea plant and to beverages made from these other plants.[4][ ... The word had already existed in late Middle English in the sense of "medicinal drink" and had already been borrowed from French ... Made from a variety of the Sideritis syriaca plant which grows in warm climates above 3,000 feet. Records of its use date back ... While varieties of herbal teas are defined as any plant material for infusion, below is a list of common herbs: *Anise tea, ...
Garden plants of Europe. *Garden plants of North America. *Medicinal plants. *Nolinoideae ... The plant also contains saponins. Although deadly, the plant has been used as a folk remedy in moderate amounts,[23] and is ... məˈdʒeɪlɪs/[1]), sometimes written lily-of-the-valley,[2] is a sweetly scented, highly poisonous woodland flowering plant that ... Gleason, Henry A. and Cronquist, Arthur, (1991), Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada, ...
1790 (12-42 spp.) Carbon dating has revealed that these plants may have been used for ritual/medicinal purposes in Xinjiang, ... In the dioecious plants the masculine inflorescences are long and look like panicles, while the feminine are shorter and bear ... The young shoots are used as vegetable.[citation needed] Some plants in the genus Cannabis are cultivated as hemp for the ... Cannabaceae is a small family of flowering plants. As now circumscribed, the family includes about 170 species grouped in about ...
Medicinal plants. *Nitrogen-fixing crops. *Phytoremediation plants. *Flora of Nepal. *Plants described in 1753 ... In young plants, the outer seed coat can be eaten, and in very young plants, the seed pod can be eaten. ... Vicia faba, also known in the culinary sense as the broad bean, fava bean, or faba bean is a species of flowering plant in the ... which can cover large sections of growing plants with infestations, typically starting at the tip of the plant. Severe ...
Many of these plants have been used for a long time by local people, and have been tested and found to have medicinal ... Tribal people historically used various plants for medicinal and food exploitation purposes.[4] Use of fish poisons is a very ... "Plants used for poison fishing in tropical Africa". Toxicon. 44: 417-30. Sep 2004. doi:10.1016/j.toxicon.2004.05.014. PMID ... Fish toxins or fish stupefying plants have historically been used by many hunter gatherer cultures to stun fish, so they become ...
A tea plant will grow into a tree of up to 16 m (52 ft) if left undisturbed,[52] but cultivated plants are generally pruned to ... Tea originated in Southwest China, where it was used as a medicinal drink.[6] It was popularized as a recreational drink during ... Tea plants are propagated from seed and cuttings; about 4 to 12 years are needed for a plant to bear seed and about three years ... Only the top 1-2 inches of the mature plant are picked. These buds and leaves are called 'flushes'.[66] A plant will grow a new ...
Foster, Steven; Duke, James A. (2000). A Field Guide to Medicinal Plants and Herbs: Of Eastern and Central North America ( ... The plant is food plant for a large number of insects such as the sweet gale moth (Acronicta euphorbiae), mouse moth (Amphipyra ... Plant Biology. 18: 56. doi:10.1111/plb.12328.. *^ Godwin, Harry (1975). The History of the British Flora, A Factual Basis for ... The plant is widespread on ruderal spots, along roads, in dunes, and on disturbed and cultivated land.[2] ...
ex Spreng. Medicinal Plant Images Database (School of Chinese Medicine, Hong Kong Baptist University) (in Chinese) (in English) ... "The Plant List: A Working List of all Plant Species v. 1.1". 2013.. ... A late summer- to autumn-blooming plant,[6] A. tuberosum is one of several Allium species known as wild onion and/or wild ... "County-level distribution map from the North American Plant Atlas (NAPA). Biota of North America Program (BONAP). 2014. ...
Modern knowledge of medicinal plants is being systematised in the Medicinal Plant Transcriptomics Database, which by 2011 ... A medicinal plant is a plant that is used to attempt to maintain health, to be administered for a specific condition, or both, ... Anthraquinone glycosides are found in medicinal plants such as rhubarb, cascara, and Alexandrian senna.[58][59] Plant-based ... Terpenes and terpenoids of many kinds are found in a variety of medicinal plants,[72] and in resinous plants such as the ...
Antidepressant Australian plants Melanesian plants Micronesian plants Polynesian plants Complementary therapies This is a ... Medicinal plants with unique properties have long been recognised by indigenous Oceania populations, and this lore has been ... Cock I.E., Cheesman M.J. (2016) Oceania: Antidepressant Medicinal Plants. In: Grosso C. (eds) Herbal Medicine in Depression. ... This chapter focuses on the plants of the region with known antidepressant uses and/or those plants which have phytochemistry ...
IUCN SSC Medicinal Plant Specialist Group Co-Chairs: Danna Leaman and Anastasiya Timoshyna Red List Authority Coordinator: ... Medicinal Plant The IUCN SSC Medicinal Plant Specialist Group (MPSG) is a global network of specialists contributing within our ... 2016-2017 Medicinal Plant SG Report. Welcome to the home page of the IUCN/SSC Medicinal Plant Specialist Group (MPSG). MPSG is ... IUCN SSC Medicinal Plant Specialist Group Co-Chairs: Danna Leaman and Anastasiya Timoshyna ...
IUCN SSC Medicinal Plant Specialist Group Co-Chairs: Danna Leaman and Anastasiya TimoshynaIUCN SSC Red List Authority ... IUCN SSC Medicinal Plant Specialist Group Co-Chairs: Danna Leaman and Anastasiya Timoshyna. IUCN SSC Red List Authority ... The IUCN SSC Medicinal Plant Specialist Group (MPSG) is a global network of specialists contributing within our own ... For the list of latest members in the Medicinal Plant specialist group, please check the IUCN Union Portal. For inquiries about ...
Plants_of_Costa_Rica.html?id=csdfAAAAMAAJ&utm_source=gb-gplus-shareSome Medicinal Plants of Costa Rica. ... Action Herbal agents inflammation intestines irritation juice lithotritic liver lungs Medicinal applications medicinal plants ... 0 Reviewshttps://books.google.com/books/about/Some_Medicinal_Plants_of_Costa_Rica.html?id=csdfAAAAMAAJ ... books.google.comhttps://books.google.com/books/about/Some_Medicinal_ ...
Learn everything you want about Medicinal Plants with the wikiHow Medicinal Plants Category. Learn about topics such as How to ... Medicinal Plants. Learn everything you want about Medicinal Plants with the wikiHow Medicinal Plants Category. Learn about ...
Loss of plants to drought is hard on those in remote rural areas who rely on medicinal herbs because they live too far away ... But such medicinal plants are growing rarer in Zimbabwe these days. Overharvesting can be a problem, as can competition from ... But those plants are disappearing. Nzarayebani said he had seen 10 plants he has long relied on disappear in the past few years ... The plants are disappearing, both fruit and herbal medicines, but we cannot do anything. Some of these plants need a lot of ...
Amoebicidal compounds from medicinal plants.. Di Stasi LC1.. Author information. 1. Department of Pharmacology, Universidade ... A series of the natural constituents with amoebicidal activity isolated from several medicinal plants is shown. A list of the ... The present data grouping of the natural compounds and medicinal plants can be an important source of information for the ... medicinal plants potentially active as amoebicide and/or against dysentery also is demonstrated. ...
Development of medicinal plant species web page was funded by SECO as a part of UNCTAD studies on CITES listed medicinal plant ... Approximately 60,000 plant species are harvested mainly for medicinal usage in the world. These harvested medicinal plants are ... Demand for and trade in these medicinal plants have been increasing. The global reported trade in plants for medicinal purposes ... CITES and Medicinal Plants Introduction. Historically, people have collected plants and used them for treating and preventing ...
... Expansion into new territories offered ample opportunity for European natural historians ... How did indigenous knowledge and practice shape European notions of the medicinal plants discovered in the New World? ... To what extent was European medicine changed by the introduction of new medicinal plants from the colonies? ... 2: Plants, Medicine and Empire, pp. 20-39. Required Readings:. **Harold J. Cook, Physicians and Natural History, in Nick ...
... and learn more about ANT Khmer Medicinal Plants F. Download ANT Khmer Medicinal Plants F and enjoy it on your iPhone, iPad, and ... ANT Khmer Medicinal Plants 2016 is a Khmer Traditional Medical Dictionary.. Users can find and learn about the benefits health ... There are about 500 types of plants can find in both English and Khmer.. -Can search which type of plants can treat any disease ... from the types of plants that growing on the Khmer territory.. -​ Easy and functional user interface - ...
Home ›› The Garden ›› Outdoor Areas ›› Medicinal Plants. Medicinal Plants. This the most recently renovated part of the Botanic ... Arranged in the shape of the human body you will find about 230 medicinal plants, along with their names and information on ... Situated between the System of Herbaceous Plants and the Useful Plants; size about 3000 m².. On display are about 230 species, ... Plants with similar applications are grouped together and, where possible, placed on the corresponding site of the human body. ...
Use and trade of these plant-based pharmaceuticals and "botanicals", as medicinal and aromatic plants are sometimes called, ... Global Medicinal Plant Programme Lead, TRAFFIC. "The conservation and sustainable use of plants is of utmost importance for ... and the jaw-dropping beauty of plants," Dr Danna Leaman, Chair of Medicinal Plants Specialist Group, SSC IUCN and Trustee of ... Latest news on medicinal and aromatic plants. Promoting best practice in the botanicals sector to support conservation, ...
A group of indigenous healers in a Brazilian rainforest state are fighting the coronavirus pandemic with medicinal plants -- as ... A group of indigenous healers in a Brazilian rainforest state are fighting the coronavirus pandemic with medicinal plants - as ... Satere-Mawe indigenous leader Valdiney Satere, 43, collects caferana, a native plant of the Amazon rainforest used as medicinal ... A Satere-Mawe indigenous child sits beside a man preparing medicinal herbs.AFP via Getty Images. Remedies created by the tribe ...
World Health Organization, WHO Consultation on Selected Medicinal Plants, WHO Consultation on Selected Medicinal Plants (‎2nd ... WHO Consultation on Selected Medicinal Plants (‎3rd : 2001 : Ottawa, Ont.)‎ & WHO Consultation on Selected Medicinal Plants (‎ ... Natural resources and human health : plants of medicinal and nutritional value, proceedings of the 1st WHO Symposium on Plants ... WHO Symposium on Plants and Health for All: Scientific Advancement (‎1st: 1991: Kobe, Japan)‎; Baba, Shigeaki; Akerele, ...
World Health Organization, WHO Consultation on Selected Medicinal Plants, WHO Consultation on Selected Medicinal Plants (‏2nd ... WHO Consultation on Selected Medicinal Plants (‏3rd : 2001 : Ottawa, Ont.)‏ & WHO Consultation on Selected Medicinal Plants (‏ ... Natural resources and human health : plants of medicinal and nutritional value, proceedings of the 1st WHO Symposium on Plants ... 2006)‏. WHO monographs on selected medicinal plants. World Health Organization. https://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/42052 ...
... Elisha Solowey,1 Michal Lichtenstein,1 Sarah Sallon,2 Helena Paavilainen,2 ... Mohammad S. Abu-Darwish, and Thomas Efferth, "Medicinal Plants from Near East for Cancer Therapy," Frontiers in Pharmacology, ... B. Madikizela, and L.J. McGaw, "Pittosporum viridiflorum Sims (Pittosporaceae): a review on a useful medicinal plant native to ... Armelle T. Mbaveng, Victor Kuete, and Thomas Efferth, "Potential of Central, Eastern and Western Africa Medicinal Plants for ...
... , 07-08 M1, G1. Class Project Treehouses. Published Treehouses ID. Author. ...
... new light on the role of various environmental factors in regulating the metabolic adaptation of medicinal and aromatic plants ... Medicinal plants Secondary metabolites Metabolic adaptation Plant defense mechanisms Herbal medicine drug preparation Aromatic ... Understanding how medicinal plants respond to environmental perturbations and climate change could open new frontiers in plant ... Medicinal and aromatic plants constitute an important part of the natural environment and agro-ecosystems, and contain a wealth ...
Captions describe plants coloration and physical characteristics, geographic distribution, and medicinal uses. Invaluable ... Informative fun-to-color guide features 44 botanically accurate drawings of such plants as foxglove, belladonna, mayapple, ... identification guide; also source of royalty-free plant i ... Medicinal Plants Coloring Book. Medicinal Plants Coloring Book ... focuses on such medicinal plants from around the world as foxglove, belladonna, mayapple, valerian, dandelion, chamomile, ...
"Revealing plants production mechanisms is the key to harnessing the medicinal powers of plants." ... For example, thunder god plant, used in traditional Chinese medicine, contains triptolide, which has been shown to effectively ... Terpenoids are used in other potent medicinal treatments, flavoring food and developing fragrances. Terpenoids versatility and ... secret medicinal toolbox.. The discovery has been hailed as a "milestone," and the renowned journal Science called it "a ...
Medicinal plants, Emploi en thérapeutique, Vegetable Materia medica, Herbes, Herbiers (Ouvrages), Encyclopédies, Plantes ... The encyclopedia of medicinal plants by Andrew Chevallier; 3 editions; First published in 1996; Subjects: In library, ... In library, Encyclopedias, Medicinal plants, Emploi en thérapeutique, Vegetable Materia medica, Herbes, Herbiers (Ouvrages), ... A very handy reference guide to which plants do what. I find this as a go-to for researching the effects that common plants in ...
what if plants - with all their health-giving effects and amazing diversity of expression - hold the key not just to our health ... In How Medicinal Plants Can Fuel Your Spiritual Evolution: Essential Insights that Unify Natural Medicine, Ecology & ... Relate to medicinal plants in a more meditative way to connect with their essence.. ... But what if plants - with all their health-giving effects and amazing diversity of expression - hold the key not just to our ...
Irans medicinal plants at risk. About 30 percent of Irans medicinal plants are on the verge of extinction, thanks to ... "In the past, medicinal plants were collected by experts at a proper time, place and sustainable level by using correct ... Rezaei called for stricter supervision over the harvest of medicinal plants, as negligence would drive them into extinction. ... He warned that overexploitation of medicinal plants will reduce export as well. ...
... is one the oldest recorded medicinal plants that exists in the world today. This most amazing plant in the annals of those ... Extracts of the plant are used in medicine and beverages. Also known as opium poppy, the species is cultivated extensively in ... If you possess a bonsai plant, its imperative to keep in mind that caring for them is akin to caring for a infant. Loving and ... caring is important but its not enough; you also have to show certain "parenting" skills to make sure that your bonsai plant ...
... market for medicinal plants 2017, global market size for herbal industry, market share of herbal industry, Indian medicinal ... Medicinal plants industryMarket for medicinal plantsIndian medicinal plants IndustryOpportunities in medicinal plats inTop 5 ... Indian medicinal plants Industry,Top 5 exports of medicinal plants products,Medicinal plants distribution, Opportunities in ... Medicinal plants industry, market for medicinal plants 2017, global market size for herbal industry, market share of herbal ...
For millennia man has found precious allies in plants for health and the health of your body, and also of the spirit, and ... CURED WITH MEDICINAL PLANTS. For millennia man has found precious allies in plants for health and the health of your body, and ... With the advent of the scientific method many of these knowledge on herbs and medicinal plants have come to us who still use ... in this case we speak properly of herbs and medicinal plants).. Recent years have also developed new alternative medicine, from ...
... parts of various plants cultivated for their aromatic, pungent, or otherwise desirable substances. Spices and herbs consist of ... plant/herb-culinary-and-medicinal-plant", "shareUrl": "https://www.britannica.com/plant/herb-culinary-and-medicinal-plant", " ... the interest in medicinal plants, herbs in general began to be described and illustrated in a realistic manner. Although Arabic ... Herbs are usually leaves or young shoots of nonwoody plants, although bay leaves and a few other leaves from woody plants… ...
... Pasupuleti Visweswara Rao1. ,. 2 and Siew Hua Gan2. 1Faculty of Agro Based Industry, ... Cinnamon: A Multifaceted Medicinal Plant,. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine,. vol. 2014. ,. Article ID ... R. W. Li, G. David Lin, S. P. Myers, and D. N. Leach, "Anti-inflammatory activity of Chinese medicinal vine plants," Journal of ... Several studies on medicinal plants and their components have indicated the anti-inflammatory activities of cinnamon [76-81]. ...
... - NUMBER 10 - MEDICINAL PLANTS. MACA, Native of Peru, Maca has spread worldwide as a medicinal plant ...
  • Feverfew is an edible, medicinal plant popular for its alternative health benefits. (serenataflowers.com)
  • Medicinal plants with unique properties have long been recognised by indigenous Oceania populations, and this lore has been passed from generation to generation. (springer.com)
  • How did indigenous knowledge and practice shape European notions of the medicinal plants discovered in the New World? (warwick.ac.uk)
  • Unlike the trade in wild animals, which can stir strong negative emotions in some cultures, and the trade in timber, often portrayed in terms of lost forests and threatened indigenous peoples, the "hidden harvest" of medicinal and aromatic plants and other non-timber forest products receives relatively little attention from the public, governments or conservation NGOs. (traffic.org)
  • Satere-Mawe indigenous leader Valdiney Satere, 43, collects caferana, a native plant of the Amazon rainforest used as medicinal herb, to treat people showing symptoms of the novel coronavirus. (nypost.com)
  • A group of indigenous healers in a Brazilian rainforest state are fighting the coronavirus pandemic with medicinal plants - as the country battles the third-largest outbreak in the world . (nypost.com)
  • A Satere-Mawe indigenous child sits beside a man preparing medicinal herbs. (nypost.com)
  • Satere-Mawe indigenous people prepare medicinal herbs to treat people with symptoms of COVID-19 in the Wakiru community, in Taruma neighbourhood, a rural area west of Manaus, Amazonas State, Brazil. (nypost.com)
  • But the unsustainable and indiscriminate removal of indigenous plants, such as Pelargonium , and the export of these plants abroad, is threatening their survival. (scidev.net)
  • New laws are needed to protect traditional knowledge and indigenous plants in South Africa - and to allow Africa to harness its biodiversity for Africa. (scidev.net)
  • Handbook of African Medicinal Plants provides a comprehensive review of over 1,000 species of plants employed in indigenous African medicine. (ecampus.com)
  • Indigenous people started using medicinal plants centuries before Europeans set foot in the Americas, and herbal medicine has many fans today. (gardenguides.com)
  • Ethnopharmacological relevance: Homegardens are important habitats for medicinal plants and traditional knowledge, especially among indigenous groups in remote areas. (cabi.org)
  • Since time immemorial, the Indigenous people of Cape York Peninsula in northern Queensland have soothed toothache by rubbing it with leaves from the uncha plant. (edu.au)
  • In fact, Australian plants currently in research may contain compounds to treat chronic diseases that are significant contributors to poor health for both Indigenous and non-Indigenous people alike, such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease and chronic infections. (edu.au)
  • The predicted disappearance of certain indigenous languages could also lead to the disappearance of the knowledge of many medicinal plants. (swissinfo.ch)
  • They looked at 12,495 ways of using these plants, the knowledge of which is transmitted in 236 indigenous languages spoken in North America, the northwestern Amazon and New Guinea. (swissinfo.ch)
  • The annual global export value of 50,000 to 70,000 types of plants with suspected medicinal properties was estimated to be US$2.2 billion in 2012, [3] and in 2017, the potential global market for botanical extracts and medicines was estimated at several hundred billion dollars. (wikipedia.org)
  • Extracts of the plant are used in medicine and beverages. (articlealley.com)
  • But when it comes to herbal extracts the council is to be as cautious as possible: essential oils and alcoholic extracts concentrate the active ingredients in medicinal plants, and should be consumed in doses and in the manner recommended by a professional, avoiding DIY treatment. (hubpages.com)
  • Plant Extracts -- biosynthesis. (kb.se)
  • Plant Extracts -- pharmacology. (kb.se)
  • Muregi told the congress that researchers had screened 60 extracts of 11 plants, used for control of malaria by local communities in Kenya's Kisii district, for activity against the malaria parasite. (scidev.net)
  • Lavender and other aromatic and medicinal plants along with their extracts have been used throughout history and form part of our common heritage. (avaaz.org)
  • The antitrypanosomal activity of 101 crude ethanol extracts derived from 88 medicinal plants from Côte d'Ivoire was determined in vitro using Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense. (nih.gov)
  • Therefore, plant extracts with antioxidant activity also have potential therapeutic value. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • The report has highlighted genotoxic and cytotoxic effects of the selected plant extracts on human leukocytes as well. (medworm.com)
  • Extracts from the plant have shown sedative effects on the central nervous system, as well as significant analgesic, anti-inflammatory, vasodepressant and antispasmodic activities. (indianetzone.com)
  • discussion of bioactivity of plant extracts. (umassonline.net)
  • Plants synthesise hundreds of chemical compounds for functions including defence against insects , fungi , diseases , and herbivorous mammals . (wikipedia.org)
  • Amoebicidal compounds from medicinal plants. (nih.gov)
  • The present data grouping of the natural compounds and medicinal plants can be an important source of information for the selection of research plant material by the investigators interested in the discovery of new biologically active compounds as amoebicide. (nih.gov)
  • Arranged in the shape of the human body you will find about 230 medicinal plants, along with their names and information on some chemical compounds and their pharmacological importance. (bgbm.org)
  • Many of the chapters present cutting-edge findings on the contamination of medicinal plants through horizontal transfer, as well as nanomaterials and the biosynthesis of pharmacologically active compounds. (springer.com)
  • Medicinal and aromatic plants constitute an important part of the natural environment and agro-ecosystems, and contain a wealth of chemical compounds known as secondary metabolites and including alkaloids, glycosides, essential oils and other miscellaneous active substances. (springer.com)
  • Interest in plant-based medicinal resources has led to discoveries of many novel compounds in various species, and to investigations on their chemodiversity, biodiversity and pharmacotherapy. (worldcat.org)
  • Many of the medical compounds in plants do something for the plant chemically, like fight infection, regulate cell apoptosis or growth, etc. (physicsforums.com)
  • So in short, plants have developed these compounds completely oblivious to any benefit we humans might reap from them. (physicsforums.com)
  • Of zillions compounds produced by millions of plant species only a bunch have medicinal value. (physicsforums.com)
  • Lead Compounds from Medicinal Plants for the Treatment of Neurodegenerative Diseases is the second volume in the series, Pharmaceutical Leads from Medicinal Plants . (elsevier.com)
  • Plant-based medicinal plants still play an important role in healing, and many "new" drugs come from plant compounds. (gardenguides.com)
  • This review summarizes the anti-gout potential of Malaysian medicinal plants but the mechanisms, active compounds, pharmacokinetics, bioavailability, and safety of the plants still remain to be elucidated. (frontiersin.org)
  • The majority of its health benefits come from the presence of nepetalactone, thymol and other compounds that make this plant great for you and your furry friend. (proflowers.com)
  • Scientists at Michigan State University are receiving nearly $3 million from the National Institutes of Health to uncover how several popular plants make medicinal compounds. (news-medical.net)
  • Many plants make compounds that we use directly as medicines or that we modify slightly to create widely used medicines, but in almost all cases we do not understand how the plants synthesize these compounds,' said MSU biochemistry professor Dean DellaPenna, one of three principle investigators on the grant. (news-medical.net)
  • Identifying and understanding the genes involved in the synthesis of these plant compounds is a first step that can lead to new drug development and increased production efficiency. (news-medical.net)
  • Metabolomics allows assessment of the types and levels of several hundred chemicals within the tissue (some of which are medicinal compounds, some of which are biosynthetic precursors). (news-medical.net)
  • Studies on plants with acetylcholinesterase inhibitory activity are currently underway, with the aim of discovering new active compounds that are less costly and have fewer adverse side effects than synthetic drugs [4]. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • They discovered that milkweed plants contain vital compounds that help the larvae to stay healthy. (naturalnews.com)
  • This appraisal focused on available information about neuroprotective and anti-Alzheimer's use of these plants and their respective bioactive compounds/metabolites and associated effects in animal models and consequences of its use in human as well as proposed molecular mechanisms. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • The compounds found in plants are of many kinds, but most are in four major biochemical classes: alkaloids, glycosides, polyphenols, and terpenes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cock I.E., Cheesman M.J. (2016) Oceania: Antidepressant Medicinal Plants. (springer.com)
  • Between 2015 and 2016 the country suffered a crippling drought, linked to El Nino, that wiped out crops, wild plants and livestock. (voanews.com)
  • Between 2015 and 2016 the country suffered a crippling drought, linked to the El Nino weather phenomenon, that wiped out crops, wild plants and livestock. (voanews.com)
  • The global reported trade in plants for medicinal purposes alone(customs code HS1211, a subset of the custom codes analysed in the International Trade Centre study)was valued at over USD 3.4 billion in 2014 (United Nations 2016). (cites.org)
  • ANT Khmer Medicinal Plants 2016 is a Khmer Traditional Medical Dictionary. (apple.com)
  • Rezaei said about 500,000 hectares of rangelands and forests are expected to be earmarked for the cultivation of herbal plants, according to the sixth national development plan (2015-20). (iran-daily.com)
  • Description, cultivation, constituents, parts of the plant used medicinally and the uses of sweet violet. (serenataflowers.com)
  • The course will have expert talks on importance of medicinal,aromatic and spice crops along with tips for their successful cultivation and protection. (indianexpress.com)
  • for some plant parts extra-large cultivation areas are required (e.g. (fao.org)
  • The guidelines provide a detailed description of the techniques and measures required for the appropriate cultivation and collection of medicinal plants and for the recording and documentation of necessary data and information during their processing. (who.int)
  • Our research will give feedback each other by cross cutting way, and human health science from the cultivation to utilization of medicinal plants and vegetables will be important and needed for our healthy and comfortable life in the future. (scirp.org)
  • Although numerous conservation organizations cite the importance of medicinal plants as a reason to conserve biodiversity more generally, it has been TRAFFIC, IUCN and WWF who have led efforts to address sustainability and equity issues associated with commercial trade. (traffic.org)
  • This content was published on Feb 9, 2017 Feb 9, 2017 All herbal products containing specific plant species will need to undergo testing for pyrrolizidine alkaloids that can damage the liver. (swissinfo.ch)
  • Catherine J. needs your help with "Help save lavender, aromatic and medicinal plants" . (avaaz.org)
  • The Directorate of Extension Education,PAU,is organising a two-day training course on Scope of aromatic and medicinal plants for farmers and farm women from January 27 to 28,in which 25 farmers/farm women will take part. (indianexpress.com)
  • The Visakhapatnam local centre (VLC) of the Institution of Engineers (India) organised a technical lecture on "aromatic and medicinal plants-prospects and problems" in the city on Wednesday. (groundreport.com)
  • Traditional healers and South African hunter-gatherers have long known that the root of the plant Pelargonium reniforme can cure stomach ailments. (scidev.net)
  • More recently, in the early universities, faculties devoted to medical sciences great importance to the knowledge of herbal medicine and simple, or plants that could be used alone as treatment for various ailments. (hubpages.com)
  • Medicinal plants are useful to keep on hand to treat common ailments. (proflowers.com)
  • It's considered a sacred plant that is used in teas, ointments and more, to help treat a variety of ailments like fevers and diabetes. (proflowers.com)
  • Chamomile ( matricaria chamomilla ) has a high concentration of antioxidants that make it a great plant for relieving a variety of ailments. (proflowers.com)
  • The plants are sorted into categories based on the injuries/ailments they can help to alleviate. (waterfordpress.com)
  • Goldenrod is widely known as a medicinal plant used to treat dozens of ailments including inflammation (UTIs, sore throats, eczema), as a diuretic (and for kidney stones) and also to reduce pain and speed the healing of wounds (hence the alternative name woundwort). (plantdelights.com)
  • Medicinal plants are considered as key sources of drugs for the treatment of various ailments worldwide. (omicsonline.org)
  • The 7th Global Summit on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants is therefore being organized from November 19-21, 2018 at The Empress Hotel, Chiang Mai, Thailand to provide a forum for the Research Scientists, traditional health practitioners etc. (conferencealerts.com)
  • This content was published on Mar 17, 2018 Mar 17, 2018 Switzerland this week sent more than 700 new plant seed specimens to the Global Plant Seed Vault in Svalbard, Norway, to mark its tenth anniversary. (swissinfo.ch)
  • A series of the natural constituents with amoebicidal activity isolated from several medicinal plants is shown. (nih.gov)
  • Non-invasive near infrared spectroscopic techniques for the characterization of medicinal plants and their constituents / C.W. Huck, G.K. Bonn -- What is the future of phytotherapy? (kb.se)
  • These include drugs that contain small amounts of isolated plant constituents. (audible.com)
  • Many botanists and pharmacologists all over the world have investigated medicinal plant species especially used in traditions and folklore in order to extract the active constituents. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • This list of medicinal plants (and supposedly medicinal plants) aims to analyze medical claims made for herbs and list potential adverse effects they are known to have. (rationalwiki.org)
  • Consider some of the most popular medicinal plants used in gardens. (wikihow.com)
  • For instance, a 60 000-year-old Neanderthal burial site, " Shanidar IV ", in northern Iraq has yielded large amounts of pollen from 8 plant species, 7 of which are used now as herbal remedies. (wikipedia.org)
  • For decades now has rediscovered the usefulness of these natural remedies, prepared using each of the plants (or herbs), it is certainly not just a fashion, many cases of diseases cured with alternative methods are there for all, even if the methods of alternative medicine often does not closely resemble the methods of traditional medicine. (hubpages.com)
  • Many are now the real science involved in using plants to treat diseases from dall'erboristeria, ancient science of recognition and collection of herbal remedies, the remedies which are often known and used by everyone as such as chamomile tea, which is useful for calming restless children. (hubpages.com)
  • The importance of traditional autochthonous plant remedies plays a crucial role in the health of millions of people of these two continents. (eurekalert.org)
  • Do you know which are the most effective and healing grandmother's home remedies with medicinal plants to lose weight, reduce fat or give hair shine? (cnet.com)
  • The grandmother's home remedies made with medicinal plants have a lot of uses and benefits since always, since it is the most effective and healthy natural healing method for the flu, cold and mucus. (cnet.com)
  • Enjoy the uses of medicinal plants with all kinds of home remedies and natural treatments. (cnet.com)
  • Medicinal plants and their uses are the best alternative medicine of a lifetime, with the most sought after home remedies step by step online. (cnet.com)
  • This richness of resources coupled with a well codified & documented traditional knowledge of use of this resource and modern scientific capability for validating this knowledge gives India considerable comparative advantage in the medicinal plants sector over other countries. (authorstream.com)
  • Lastly, Chapter Nine by Anuradha Singh and Anamika Singh elaborates on the biochemical aspects of Tulsi, a medicinal plant worshipped in India as holy. (novapublishers.com)
  • Indravalli is one of the widely used medicinal plants of central India. (indianetzone.com)
  • Brazil, in particular, offers an immense amount of biodiversity, including plants with great pharmacological interest and ethno-medicinal importance. (springer.com)
  • Handbook of African Medicinal Plants is an invaluable, practical desk reference that should be on the bookshelf of every pharmacognosist, ethnobiologist, botanist, ecologist, phytochemist, pharmacologist, and scientist interested in tropical plant utilization as a tool for the conservation of biodiversity and as a source of new drug leads. (ecampus.com)
  • Approximately 60,000 plant species are harvested mainly for medicinal usage in the world. (cites.org)
  • An estimated 50,000-70,000 medicinal and aromatic species are harvested from the wild, with the annual global export value of pharmaceutical plants alone being over USD2.2 billion in 2011. (traffic.org)
  • With the advent of the scientific method many of these knowledge on herbs and medicinal plants have come to us who still use drugs whose active ingredients are of plant origin, although it is now often of synthetic products, using the knowledge of plant world, and modern chemistry has often been able to expand and improve the active ingredients in plants, making them available in large quantities throughout the year. (hubpages.com)
  • All'erboristeria alongside herbal medicine, a true science of the active ingredients in plants, and their use in the treatment of disease (in this case we speak properly of herbs and medicinal plants). (hubpages.com)
  • The best alternative and curative medicine as a healing method based on herbs and medicinal plants to stimulate the senses, cleanse the liver, soothe hemorrhoids and reduce cellulite. (cnet.com)
  • The Ebers Papyrus from ancient Egypt , c. 1550 BC, describes over 850 plant medicines. (wikipedia.org)
  • Medicinal plants are widely used in non-industrialized societies, mainly because they are readily available and cheaper than modern medicines. (wikipedia.org)
  • Plants, including many now used as culinary herbs and spices , have been used as medicines, not necessarily effectively, from prehistoric times. (wikipedia.org)
  • [7] Angiosperms ( flowering plants ) were the original source of most plant medicines. (wikipedia.org)
  • The ancient Egyptian Ebers Papyrus lists over 800 plant medicines such as aloe , cannabis , castor bean , garlic , juniper , and mandrake . (wikipedia.org)
  • [15] [16] The Chinese pharmacopoeia , the Shennong Ben Cao Jing records plant medicines such as chaulmoogra for leprosy, ephedra , and hemp . (wikipedia.org)
  • The plants are disappearing, both fruit and herbal medicines, but we cannot do anything. (voanews.com)
  • About 4,000 tons of herbal medicines are harvested every year," he said, adding that 40 million hectares of the country's lands are suitable for growing medicinal herbs. (iran-daily.com)
  • O ver 25 % of prescribed medicines in developed countries are derived from wild plant species. (authorstream.com)
  • About 3000 plants species are reported to be used in the codified Indian Systems of medicines. (authorstream.com)
  • Amongst these the ingredients needed to compound medicines - including medicinal plants - are the most important. (exoticindiaart.com)
  • However, medicines that have plant material mixed with chemically-active substances are not considered herbal. (audible.com)
  • One of the major causes of reported adverse events is directly linked to the poor quality of herbal medicines, including raw medicinal plant materials. (who.int)
  • WHO has developed a series of technical guidelines relating to the quality control of herbal medicines of which these WHO guidelines on good agricultural and collection practices (GACP) for medicinal plants are the latest. (who.int)
  • While pharmaceutical and other companies are striving to meet the requirements for the quality control of herbal medicines, they cannot force farmers, producers, handlers and processors to follow good agricultural and collection practices for medicinal plants. (who.int)
  • At the University of South Australia's Quality Use of Medicines & Pharmacy Research Centre, Dr Susan Semple is leading a team collaborating with the traditional custodians of the Northern Kaanju homelands on Cape York and the Chuulangun Aboriginal Corporation in a true partnership to investigate native plants as sources of medicine and nutrition. (edu.au)
  • Literature reported that about 80% of the rural population of Pakistan relies primarily on traditional medicines while 90% of the country's medicinal herbs are imported [ 4 , 5 ]. (omicsonline.org)
  • Humans were not alone in using herbs as medicines: some animals such as non-human primates, monarch butterflies and sheep ingest medicinal plants when they are ill. (wikipedia.org)
  • Whilst often not well recorded, there is a wealth of knowledge of the medicinal value of the regions' floral species for all types of therapeutic purposes. (springer.com)
  • For example, whilst we discuss the calmative properties of the Australian plant Backhousia citriodora , many other aromatic plants with similar essential oil components and thus similar therapeutic properties exist in the region and are not discussed here for the sake of brevity. (springer.com)
  • The principle texts and tantras of Tibetan medicine have codified these medicinal plants, their tastes, therapeutic values and methods to compound herbal pills from them. (exoticindiaart.com)
  • There is a need to source new affordable therapeutic agents for management of HSV infections,' said Rukunga, adding that further research on these plants is ongoing. (scidev.net)
  • The following flowers and plants provide users with therapeutic properties and promotes in the healing of the body and mind. (serenataflowers.com)
  • In this paper, several species of plants, used experimentally or in the popular medicine, acting by different ways to control glycemia and/or to inhibit symptoms and characteristic complications of the diabetes, they will be reviewed for evaluation of their supposed therapeutic effects. (scielo.br)
  • In this study, an ethnobotanical survey of the main plants used in the northeast region of Brazil was conducted to select medicinal plants that are potential sources of therapeutic agents against AD [11]. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • The therapeutic effects of the medicinal plants of Jordan and neighboring countries have been investigated in recent years. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Nootropic and Anti-Alzheimer's Actions of Medicinal Plants: Molecular Insight into Therapeutic Potential to Alleviate Alzheimer's Neuropathology. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • Lawrence Nyagwande, a plant expert with Environment Africa, an environmental organization based in Zimbabwe, said there was little doubt that droughts linked to strengthening climate change were a big contributor to the loss of Zimbabwe's medicinal plants. (voanews.com)
  • Both Asia and Africa are home to many plants that can be used for the treatment of many diseases and their medicinal properties are gaining interest in western societies. (eurekalert.org)
  • Medicinal plants from Asia and Africa are used for their healing abilities and also have a symbolic meaning in communities. (eurekalert.org)
  • KEMRI scientists are also investigating the antimalarial effects of other Kenyan medicinal plants, either alone or in combination with chloroquine - the drug widely used to treat the disease in Africa. (scidev.net)
  • Research at Kew on the evolution of Aloe showed that these plants originated in southern Africa around 16 million years ago. (kew.org)
  • The inventory and review is strongly focussed to cover all or most of the medicinal plant raw materials in the international trade that are exported from African countries, with less emphasis on those that are regularly traded on local and regional markets within Africa. (herbs.org)
  • More than 5400 plant species are used in traditional medicine in Africa, of which less than 10% have been commercially developed to some extent. (herbs.org)
  • Due to its medicinal use this species has become Critically Endangered in South Africa and Endangered in Swaziland. (kew.org)
  • However, since a single plant contains widely diverse phytochemicals, the effects of using a whole plant as medicine are uncertain. (wikipedia.org)
  • Recently, the use of medicinal plants has been more widely accepted as an effective form of treatment. (serenataflowers.com)
  • Researchers on Thursday said they have identified the genes that enable an endangered Himalayan plant to produce a chemical vital to making a widely used chemotherapy drug, and inserted them into an easily grown laboratory plant that then produced the same chemical. (voanews.com)
  • Indeed, Aloe vera is one of the most widely used plant species in the world today, while Euphorbia peplus (a non-succulent species) was used to develop Picato ®, a drug for treating a precancerous skin condition, marketed by the Danish pharmaceutical company LEO-Pharma. (kew.org)
  • However, products of plants are, frequently, considered less poisonous and with fewer side effects than synthetic drugs and widely used by the population. (scielo.br)
  • Medicinal plants continue to be widely used in many areas of the world, especially in southern Jordan, even with the recent flourishing of the study of plant chemistry (phytochemistry). (thefreelibrary.com)
  • This chapter focuses on the plants of the region with known antidepressant uses and/or those plants which have phytochemistry consistent with antidepressant properties. (springer.com)
  • detailing the phytochemistry, chemotaxonomy, molecular biology, and phylogeny of selected medicinal plants families and genera, and their relevance to drug efficacy. (worldcat.org)
  • The annual global export value of the thousands of types of plants with suspected medicinal properties was estimated to be US$2.2 billion in 2012. (wikipedia.org)
  • At a time when companies were increasingly compounding new pharmaceuticals in labs, pharmacists wanted to emphasize their ability to understand and manipulate the familiar medicinal plants that yielded reliable "vegetable drugs. (slate.com)
  • MACA , Native of Peru, Maca has spread worldwide as a medicinal plant, and it is cited in Peruvian herbal medicine to stimulate the immune system. (botanical-online.com)
  • Non-native invasive plant species are the bane to many gardeners and landscapers, but not to those who know how to use them. (ecologycenter.org)
  • At home I ve many native species, I gather plants from everywhere near to the volcano. (studentsoftheworld.info)
  • This map of medicinal plants depicts one or two important species that grew in each state in 1932, identifying the plant as native or cultivated and describing its medical uses. (slate.com)
  • The herbal medicine community has used goldenrod for hundreds of years, learning about its medicinal potential from native americans. (plantdelights.com)
  • Goldenrod was also one of the featured ingredients in Liberty Tea, an herbal mix of US native plants used as a local tea substitute after the Boston Tea Party. (plantdelights.com)
  • In the US, where goldenrod is native, it is a ubiquitous roadside plant that grows in the toughest conditions. (plantdelights.com)
  • In Chapter Two, Jelena Vladica, Senka Vidovica, Milica Acimovicb, Aleksandra Gavarica, and Stela Jokicc discuss the properties and uses of medicinal herbs, especially Satureja montana L, noting the way its chemical composition has large inconsistencies that make it difficult to produce products from it. (novapublishers.com)
  • Information on a variety of medicinal herbs that can be grown at home, including marjoram. (serenataflowers.com)
  • The flora of Pakistan due to its highly favorable diverse climatic and soil conditions, many topographical regions and ecological zones offer a great variety of medicinal plants [ 1 ]. (omicsonline.org)
  • Further, the phytochemical content and pharmacological actions, if any, of many plants having medicinal potential remain unassessed by rigorous scientific research to define efficacy and safety. (wikipedia.org)
  • Recall that most of the commonly used drugs that consist of active ingredients that, at least in origin, are derived from herbs or medicinal plants, these ingredients are useful in the treatment of colds, but also in more severe pathologies, such as problems heart disease or gout. (hubpages.com)
  • Medicinal plants of this order provide myriad pharmaceutically active components commonly used worldwide in ethnomedicine and traditional Chinese medicine. (worldcat.org)
  • David has a particular interest in the integration of medicinal plants into the Jamaican healthcare system, and, as part of his PhD, screened a number of the most commonly used plants for their potential interaction with pharmaceutical drugs, a key aspect of medicinal plant safety. (springer.com)
  • It also identifies the most commonly encountered noxious plants. (waterfordpress.com)
  • Plant products are commonly labelled with non-scientific names, creating complications for border control officers. (kew.org)
  • MVGR Engineering College chemical engineering department head M.R. Pani Grahi participated and highlighted the medicinal values of commonly used gorintakku and thulasi leaves among other plants. (groundreport.com)
  • In malarious countries, medicinal plants are commonly used for malaria treatment. (medworm.com)
  • A few species of seaweeds float in the map's Atlantic Ocean, and the border identifies important medicinal plants from around the world. (slate.com)
  • Infection & infestation , Nutritional disorders , and Digestive system disorders were the three most important medicinal use categories for plants in the homegardens, and all three categories were found in most of the studied homegardens. (cabi.org)
  • Dioscorides 's 1st century De materia medica , seen here in a c. 1334 copy in Arabic, describes some 1000 drug recipes based on over 600 plants. (wikipedia.org)
  • This excellent source identifies more than 250 species of plants and describes their medicinal uses. (routledge.com)
  • There are several medicinal properties and uses of Indravalli. (indianetzone.com)
  • CITES is an international agreement between governments, aimed to ensure that international trade in specimens of wild animals and plants does not threaten their survival. (cites.org)
  • Most of these precious plants resources, however, are harvested in the wild and easily traded across borders outside of CITES regulation. (cites.org)
  • When the CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) team based at Kew attended the 17th Conference of the Parties (CoP17) in autumn 2014, the MPNS was highlighted as a valuable reference for facilitating effective regulation of the trade in medicinal plants. (kew.org)
  • Many medicinal plant species are threatened with extinction through overharvesting, habitat loss, climate change, and illegal international trade. (cites.org)
  • One in five of the world's plant species is estimated to be threatened with extinction in the wild, and unsustainable harvest is a major factor. (traffic.org)
  • About 30 percent of Iran's medicinal plants are on the verge of extinction, thanks to overharvesting, said Mohammad Baqer Rezaei, the head of the Association of Iran's Medicinal Plants. (iran-daily.com)
  • Rezaei called for stricter supervision over the harvest of medicinal plants, as negligence would drive them into extinction. (iran-daily.com)
  • However, environmental damage is increasing the threat of plant extinction and jeopardising access to natural resources. (bgci.org)
  • This includes species used for their medicinal and aromatic properties. (traffic.org)
  • Like the white-faced capuchins, which only select plants for fur-rubbing with insecticide properties, the macaques selectively choose the right kinds of dirt to sooth their stomachs. (pbs.org)
  • Eat bread or preparations containing seeds of this plant) We are working on the possibility of lignan phytoestrogens to be effective in reducing breast cancer for its antioxidant properties, antiestrogenic and antitumor. (botanical-online.com)
  • Yarrow ( Achilea millefolium ) Anxiety and nervousness at menopause as well as many other side effects typical of premenstrual syndrome ( headaches , stomach, breasts, abdomen swelling, skin irritation, redness, etc.) can be alleviated with the use of this plant, that also has antispasmodic properties and regulatory hormones. (botanical-online.com)
  • Vitis vinifera ) The hemostatic capacity of this plant, that's to say, its properties to stop bleeding, is useful for the treatment of excessive bleeding occurring in endometriosis. (botanical-online.com)
  • Kenyan plants used in traditional herbal medicine are showing promising medicinal properties in scientific assessments of their ability to treat diseases such as herpes and malaria, according to presentations made at the 25th African Health Science Congress in Nairobi earlier this month (4-8 October). (scidev.net)
  • There are other effective agents that help make up the immense properties of the Japanese Honeysuckle, however, Chlorogenic acid, isochlorogenic acid, and Luteolin are the most abundant and more effective in the plant. (gmu.edu)
  • The medicinal properties of these herbs promote physical, emotional and mental well-being. (serenataflowers.com)
  • I{m going to complete the blog with more information, with more herbs and their medicinal properties, they're very good and isn't necesary to go to the doctor always, just find good result with some smalls herbs. (studentsoftheworld.info)
  • For any medicinal species, they were then interviewed about their main and secondary uses, medicinal properties, plant part used, preparation methods, and route of administrations. (cabi.org)
  • But what if we could prove the uncha plant - as an example - is not only truly efficacious but has unique and significant properties? (edu.au)
  • The present study assessed the relationships between these properties in the plants, with the aim of discovering new phytotherapics that can be used in the treatment of AD. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Indravalli is a very popular Indian medicinal plant known for its huge curative properties. (indianetzone.com)
  • Trifolium pratense) It may be useful for the treatment of endometriosis, due to its content in formonotenin, a phytoestrogen plant hormone that regulates the decompensation occurs during menstruation and, especially, in menopause, helping to relieve pains that normally accompany it. (botanical-online.com)
  • This book sheds new light on the role of various environmental factors in regulating the metabolic adaptation of medicinal and aromatic plants. (springer.com)
  • In Chapter Six, Mladenka Pestorić, PhD, Bojana Filipčev, PhD, Aleksandra Mi an, PhD, and Olivera imurina, PhD discuss the propensity for medicinal plants to be used in cereal based product production to combat metabolic disorders. (novapublishers.com)
  • Succulent plants possess specialised water-storing tissues that give them a unique ability to maintain photosynthesis and other metabolic processes during droughts. (kew.org)
  • World Health Organization , WHO Consultation on Selected Medicinal Plants , WHO Consultation on Selected Medicinal Plants (‎2nd : 1999 : Ravello-Salerno, Italy)‎ , WHO Consultation on Selected Medicinal Plants (‎3rd : 2001 : Ottawa, Ont. (who.int)
  • On the other hand, herbal medicine is defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) as labelled and final medicinal products containing parts of plants (underground or aerial), plant materials, or combinations of both, as their main active ingredient. (audible.com)
  • Of all the medicinal plants used in India's several millennia old tradition of Ayurveda, Ashwagandha, Withania somnifera, is the most highly prized. (medicinehunter.com)
  • Two years ago I came to Manu, in the Amazon jungle of Peru, to heal with medicinal plants. (livinginperu.com)
  • Introduction to the growth, culture, and science related to the production and use of herbs, spices, and medicinal plants. (umassonline.net)
  • This important addition to the natural product and drug discovery literature contains the history, synonyms, medicinal uses, phytopharmacology, pre-clinical potential, and rationale for each plant selected. (elsevier.com)
  • Ulysses Paulino Albuquerque is graduate at Biological Sciences from Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (1993), master's at Plant Biology (Taxonomy and Ethnobotany)from Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (1996) and PhD at Plant Biology (Ethnobotany) from Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (2001). (springer.com)
  • This volume in the series deals with the major Medicinal and Aromatic Plants (MAPs) of South America, providing information on major aspects of this specific group of plants on that continent (botany, traditional usage, chemistry, production/collection practices, trade and utilization). (springer.com)
  • Ákos Máthé , Professor and Head of the Department of Botany, West-Hungarian University Faculty of Agriculture and Food Science, Hungary He is the Chair of the section of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants of the International Society of Horticulture Science. (springer.com)
  • His main research areas include botany and ecophysiology of medicinal and aromatic plants, diversification of horticultural production. (springer.com)
  • There are two main classes of medicinal preparations - herbal and pharmaceutical. (audible.com)
  • He is Board Member of International Council for Medicinal and Aromatic Plants (ICMAP) and Member of many professional bodies including International Pharmaceutical Federation (FIP), International Society of Ethno-Pharmacology (ISE), International Society for Medicinal Plant Research (GA), International Pharmaceutical Students Federation, International Society of Natural Product Development, APTI, IPA, IPGA, ISTE and IAHP. (springer.com)
  • Intense scientific study, expert knowledge, extreme care and accuracy are applied by the pharmacist to medicinal plants and drugs," the box of text in the map's lower left-hand corner reads, "from the point of origin through the intricate chemical, botanical, and pharmaceutical processes employed in preparing medicine. (slate.com)
  • For centuries plants have been used to assuage or cure a wide variety of human ills. (doverpublications.com)
  • Over centuries of experiments and trials, certain plants have been found to have certain attributes that contribute to healing the body. (gmu.edu)
  • Flowers and plants have been used for centuries in the treatment of a wide range of medical conditions. (serenataflowers.com)
  • For centuries, local residents have used hundreds of different species of medicinal plants found in our forests. (lasr.net)
  • The IUCN SSC Medicinal Plant Specialist Group (MPSG) is a global network of specialists contributing within our own institutions and in our own regions, as well as world-wide, to the conservation and sustainable use of medicinal plants. (iucn.org)
  • The MPSG was founded in 1994 to increase global awareness of conservation threats to medicinal plants, and to promote sustainable use and conservation action. (iucn.org)
  • The labels provide information on the plant parts used, their activity or application, the active substances, conservation aspects, and potential dangers or toxicity. (bgbm.org)
  • Although development agencies often pay more attention, their main focus is on strengthening rural livelihood opportunities, not on conservation or sustainable use of the wild plant populations, even when these are contributing to many rural livelihood strategies. (traffic.org)
  • Through interviews with local community members and plant identification, Ina documents the traditional knowledge, beliefs, and practices of these communities, to help preserve their cultural heritage and contribute to plant conservation. (springer.com)
  • We are the world's largest plant conservation network, open to all. (bgci.org)
  • BGCI is working to link plant conservation with improvements in human well-being through a project for threatened medicinal species to help ensure on-going access to vital plant resources. (bgci.org)
  • You can support our project and help make a difference to community health and plant conservation. (bgci.org)
  • In particular, many people turn to plants to treat high blood pressure, stomachaches and sexually transmitted infections, among others, herbalists said. (voanews.com)
  • I used to get a plant known locally as mutsombori to treat various sicknesses at the wetland nearby, but due to the droughts experienced in the past years, the wetland is gone and the plants are gone, too. (voanews.com)
  • For example, thunder god plant, used in traditional Chinese medicine, contains triptolide, which has been shown to effectively treat cancer and arthritis in animals. (eurekalert.org)
  • Treat and care for your medicinal plants the same way you tend to the rest of your garden. (wikihow.com)
  • This guide describes how to use common wild plants to help treat injuries and backcountry maladies with wild plants. (waterfordpress.com)
  • I have another Hub on the use of medicinal plants to treat diabetes and cancer. (hubpages.com)
  • Of the 95 species with medicinal uses, 26 (27%) were exotic, which shows that local people amplify the spectrum of alternative ways to treat their illnesses. (cabi.org)
  • Conclusion: This study demonstrates that the crude extract of A. hispidum DC, one of the plants used traditionally to treat malaria, inhibits the growth of P. falciparum in vitro and could be a potential source of antimalarial drug. (medworm.com)
  • The juice of the plant is used to treat ear aches and to reduce hardened tumours. (indianetzone.com)
  • Learn everything you want about Medicinal Plants with the wikiHow Medicinal Plants Category. (wikihow.com)
  • If you've ever marveled at the peaceful beauty of a garden or been grateful for a herb that brought you healing or wondered how to harness the power of essential oils, you'll be excited by David's insights into the plant-human connection. (hawaiireporter.com)
  • herb , parts of various plants cultivated for their aromatic, pungent, or otherwise desirable substances. (britannica.com)
  • The term herb garden is usually used now to denote a garden of herbs used for cooking, and the medicinal aspect is rarely considered. (britannica.com)
  • Whether you have an expansive outdoor garden or a simple herb garden on your patio, growing a variety of plants can keep it interesting and functional. (wikihow.com)
  • Background of the herb known as Navajo tea or greenthread, as well as photographs of the plant. (serenataflowers.com)
  • She is also the member of the editorial board of Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology, Phytotherapy Research, Current Medicinal Chemistry, Current Medicinal Chemistry-Central Nervous System Agents, Letters in Drug Design & Discovery, Medicina, Biomedical Research, and many others. (eurekalert.org)
  • Sustainable harvest and legal trade are thus key to ensure the sustainable use of medicinal plants. (cites.org)
  • For more than 30 years, David Crow has pioneered a path that is about harnessing the power of plants to infuse more intelligence in your body, mind and soul - giving you a more organic wisdom and sustainable connection with life. (hawaiireporter.com)
  • In the past, medicinal plants were collected by experts at a proper time, place and sustainable level by using correct techniques," he said, adding that the rise in medicinal plant trade has put the species at risk. (iran-daily.com)
  • Good agricultural and collection practices for medicinal plants is only the first step in quality assurance, on which the safety and efficacy of herbal medicinal products directly depend upon, and will also play an important role in the protection of natural resources of medicinal plants for sustainable use. (who.int)
  • It is without doubt that this book will be of immense value to those who have an interest in learning and carrying out research into Tibetan medicinal plants. (exoticindiaart.com)
  • Research the plants. (wikihow.com)
  • This book highlights the results from over a year of ethnobotanical research in a rural and an urban community in Jamaica, where we interviewed more than 100 people who use medicinal plants for healthcare. (springer.com)
  • The goal of this research was to better understand patterns of medicinal plant knowledge, and to find out which plants are used in consensus by local people for a variety of illnesses. (springer.com)
  • Ina is the Principal Investigator of the research project "Comparative Exploration of Plants and Local Knowledge in Portland Parish, Jamaica", funded by the National Geographic Society, Committee for Research and Exploration (grant #9339-13). (springer.com)
  • David is currently a Research Fellow at the Natural Products Institute, UWI, where his research focuses on documenting traditional knowledge and the contemporary use of medicinal plants by Jamaicans. (springer.com)
  • This volume presents a comprehensive account of the research collated on natural products produced from Brazilian medicinal plants and focuses on various aspects of the field. (routledge.com)
  • Geoffrey Rukunga of the Kenya Medical Research Institute (KEMRI) said the institute is assessing how two Kenyan medicinal plants work against the herpes simplex virus (HSV). (scidev.net)
  • Naturopathy and Medicinal Plants Conference aims to bring together leading academic scientists, researchers and research scholars to exchange and share their experiences and research results on all aspects of Naturopathy and Medicinal Plants Conference. (waset.org)
  • Olwen Grace, Research Leader in Comparative Plant and Fungal Biology, and PhD student Madeleine Ernst from the University of Copenhagen, discuss evolutionary studies of the medicinal value of succulent plants. (kew.org)
  • The photograph on the front cover was kindly provided by Dr. Setsuko Sekita, Director, Tsukuba Medicinal Plant Research Station, National Institute of Health Sciences, Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare, Tsukuba, Japan. (who.int)
  • A new look at research on African medicinal plants (Journal of Ethnopharmacology, December 2015) takes a long look at the plants garnering the most attention and the deficit of research focused on African plants. (herbs.org)
  • More research is needed, they conclude, "…to promote the commercialization of African plants. (herbs.org)
  • Still, there's much less research than there should be, considering the wealth of unexplored plants in African Traditional Medicine. (herbs.org)
  • Plants are better chemists than people, so understanding the biosynthesis and exactly how plants are able to do this provides a powerful base of knowledge for improving medicine and health,' said Dave Dewitt, associate dean for research in the College of Natural Science. (news-medical.net)
  • Total export values of medicinal plants, showing the top exporters in 1999 and 2009. (traffic.org)
  • Total import quantities of medicinal plants, showing the top importers in 1999 and 2009. (traffic.org)