Plants, Genetically Modified: PLANTS, or their progeny, whose GENOME has been altered by GENETIC ENGINEERING.Plant Leaves: Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)Plant Proteins: Proteins found in plants (flowers, herbs, shrubs, trees, etc.). The concept does not include proteins found in vegetables for which VEGETABLE PROTEINS is available.Plant Roots: The usually underground portions of a plant that serve as support, store food, and through which water and mineral nutrients enter the plant. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982; Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)Genes, Plant: The functional hereditary units of PLANTS.Plant Extracts: Concentrated pharmaceutical preparations of plants obtained by removing active constituents with a suitable solvent, which is evaporated away, and adjusting the residue to a prescribed standard.Plant Shoots: New immature growth of a plant including stem, leaves, tips of branches, and SEEDLINGS.Plants, Medicinal: Plants whose roots, leaves, seeds, bark, or other constituent parts possess therapeutic, tonic, purgative, curative or other pharmacologic attributes, when administered to man or animals.DNA, Plant: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of plants.Plant Development: Processes orchestrated or driven by a plethora of genes, plant hormones, and inherent biological timing mechanisms facilitated by secondary molecules, which result in the systematic transformation of plants and plant parts, from one stage of maturity to another.Plants, Toxic: Plants or plant parts which are harmful to man or other animals.Plant Cells: Basic functional unit of plants.Plant Stems: Parts of plants that usually grow vertically upwards towards the light and support the leaves, buds, and reproductive structures. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)Genome, Plant: The genetic complement of a plant (PLANTS) as represented in its DNA.Arabidopsis: A plant genus of the family BRASSICACEAE that contains ARABIDOPSIS PROTEINS and MADS DOMAIN PROTEINS. The species A. thaliana is used for experiments in classical plant genetics as well as molecular genetic studies in plant physiology, biochemistry, and development.Plants, Edible: An organism of the vegetable kingdom suitable by nature for use as a food, especially by human beings. Not all parts of any given plant are edible but all parts of edible plants have been known to figure as raw or cooked food: leaves, roots, tubers, stems, seeds, buds, fruits, and flowers. The most commonly edible parts of plants are FRUIT, usually sweet, fleshy, and succulent. Most edible plants are commonly cultivated for their nutritional value and are referred to as VEGETABLES.Plant Structures: The parts of plants, including SEEDS.Plant Growth Regulators: Any of the hormones produced naturally in plants and active in controlling growth and other functions. There are three primary classes: auxins, cytokinins, and gibberellins.Arabidopsis Proteins: Proteins that originate from plants species belonging to the genus ARABIDOPSIS. The most intensely studied species of Arabidopsis, Arabidopsis thaliana, is commonly used in laboratory experiments.Plant Immunity: The inherent or induced capacity of plants to withstand or ward off biological attack by pathogens.Tobacco: A plant genus of the family SOLANACEAE. Members contain NICOTINE and other biologically active chemicals; its dried leaves are used for SMOKING.Plant Epidermis: A thin layer of cells forming the outer integument of seed plants and ferns. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Plant Stomata: Closable openings in the epidermis of plants on the underside of leaves. They allow the exchange of gases between the internal tissues of the plant and the outside atmosphere.Angiosperms: Members of the group of vascular plants which bear flowers. They are differentiated from GYMNOSPERMS by their production of seeds within a closed chamber (OVARY, PLANT). The Angiosperms division is composed of two classes, the monocotyledons (Liliopsida) and dicotyledons (Magnoliopsida). Angiosperms represent approximately 80% of all known living plants.Seeds: The encapsulated embryos of flowering plants. They are used as is or for animal feed because of the high content of concentrated nutrients like starches, proteins, and fats. Rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed are also produced for the oils (fats) they yield.Plant Poisoning: Poisoning by the ingestion of plants or its leaves, berries, roots or stalks. The manifestations in both humans and animals vary in severity from mild to life threatening. In animals, especially domestic animals, it is usually the result of ingesting moldy or fermented forage.Plant Transpiration: The loss of water vapor by plants to the atmosphere. It occurs mainly from the leaves through pores (stomata) whose primary function is gas exchange. The water is replaced by a continuous column of water moving upwards from the roots within the xylem vessels. (Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Lycopersicon esculentum: A plant species of the family SOLANACEAE, native of South America, widely cultivated for their edible, fleshy, usually red fruit.Flowers: The reproductive organs of plants.Plant Tumors: A localized proliferation of plant tissue forming a swelling or outgrowth, commonly with a characteristic shape and unlike any organ of the normal plant. Plant tumors or galls usually form in response to the action of a pathogen or a pest. (Holliday, P., A Dictionary of Plant Pathology, 1989, p330)Chromosomes, Plant: Complex nucleoprotein structures which contain the genomic DNA and are part of the CELL NUCLEUS of PLANTS.Plant Components, Aerial: The above-ground plant without the roots.Amino Acid Sequence: The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.Plant Preparations: Material prepared from plants.Zea mays: A plant species of the family POACEAE. It is a tall grass grown for its EDIBLE GRAIN, corn, used as food and animal FODDER.Seedling: Very young plant after GERMINATION of SEEDS.Herbivory: The act of feeding on plants by animals.Power Plants: Units that convert some other form of energy into electrical energy.Biomass: Total mass of all the organisms of a given type and/or in a given area. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990) It includes the yield of vegetative mass produced from any given crop.Fabaceae: The large family of plants characterized by pods. Some are edible and some cause LATHYRISM or FAVISM and other forms of poisoning. Other species yield useful materials like gums from ACACIA and various LECTINS like PHYTOHEMAGGLUTININS from PHASEOLUS. Many of them harbor NITROGEN FIXATION bacteria on their roots. Many but not all species of "beans" belong to this family.Plant Nectar: Sugar-rich liquid produced in plant glands called nectaries. It is either produced in flowers or other plant structures, providing a source of attraction for pollinating insects and animals, as well as being a nutrient source to animal mutualists which provide protection of plants against herbivores.Oxylipins: Eighteen-carbon cyclopentyl polyunsaturated fatty acids derived from ALPHA-LINOLENIC ACID via an oxidative pathway analogous to the EICOSANOIDS in animals. Biosynthesis is inhibited by SALICYLATES. A key member, jasmonic acid of PLANTS, plays a similar role to ARACHIDONIC ACID in animals.Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.Plant Bark: The outer layer of the woody parts of plants.Symbiosis: The relationship between two different species of organisms that are interdependent; each gains benefits from the other or a relationship between different species where both of the organisms in question benefit from the presence of the other.Photosynthesis: The synthesis by organisms of organic chemical compounds, especially carbohydrates, from carbon dioxide using energy obtained from light rather than from the oxidation of chemical compounds. Photosynthesis comprises two separate processes: the light reactions and the dark reactions. In higher plants; GREEN ALGAE; and CYANOBACTERIA; NADPH and ATP formed by the light reactions drive the dark reactions which result in the fixation of carbon dioxide. (from Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 2001)Plant Physiological Processes: Physiological functions characteristic of plants.Cyclopentanes: A group of alicyclic hydrocarbons with the general formula R-C5H9.Indoleacetic Acids: Acetic acid derivatives of the heterocyclic compound indole. (Merck Index, 11th ed)Solanum tuberosum: A plant species of the genus SOLANUM, family SOLANACEAE. The starchy roots are used as food. SOLANINE is found in green parts.Soil: The unconsolidated mineral or organic matter on the surface of the earth that serves as a natural medium for the growth of land plants.Medicine, Traditional: Systems of medicine based on cultural beliefs and practices handed down from generation to generation. The concept includes mystical and magical rituals (SPIRITUAL THERAPIES); PHYTOTHERAPY; and other treatments which may not be explained by modern medicine.Plant Exudates: Substances released by PLANTS such as PLANT GUMS and PLANT RESINS.Ecosystem: A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Salicylic Acid: A compound obtained from the bark of the white willow and wintergreen leaves. It has bacteriostatic, fungicidal, and keratolytic actions.Root Nodules, Plant: Knobbed structures formed from and attached to plant roots, especially of LEGUMES, which result from symbiotic infection by nitrogen fixing bacteria such as RHIZOBIUM or FRANKIA. Root nodules are structures related to MYCORRHIZAE formed by symbiotic associations with fungi.Plant Lectins: Protein or glycoprotein substances of plant origin that bind to sugar moieties in cell walls or membranes. Some carbohydrate-metabolizing proteins (ENZYMES) from PLANTS also bind to carbohydrates, however they are not considered lectins. Many plant lectins change the physiology of the membrane of BLOOD CELLS to cause agglutination, mitosis, or other biochemical changes. They may play a role in plant defense mechanisms.Germ Cells, Plant: The reproductive cells of plants.Mutation: Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.Mycorrhizae: Symbiotic combination (dual organism) of the MYCELIUM of FUNGI with the roots of plants (PLANT ROOTS). The roots of almost all higher plants exhibit this mutually beneficial relationship, whereby the fungus supplies water and mineral salts to the plant, and the plant supplies CARBOHYDRATES to the fungus. There are two major types of mycorrhizae: ectomycorrhizae and endomycorrhizae.Phytotherapy: Use of plants or herbs to treat diseases or to alleviate pain.Poaceae: A large family of narrow-leaved herbaceous grasses of the order Cyperales, subclass Commelinidae, class Liliopsida (monocotyledons). Food grains (EDIBLE GRAIN) come from members of this family. RHINITIS, ALLERGIC, SEASONAL can be induced by POLLEN of many of the grasses.Chloroplasts: Plant cell inclusion bodies that contain the photosynthetic pigment CHLOROPHYLL, which is associated with the membrane of THYLAKOIDS. Chloroplasts occur in cells of leaves and young stems of plants. They are also found in some forms of PHYTOPLANKTON such as HAPTOPHYTA; DINOFLAGELLATES; DIATOMS; and CRYPTOPHYTA.Plant Infertility: The failure of PLANTS to complete fertilization and obtain seed (SEEDS) as a result of defective POLLEN or ovules, or other aberrations. (Dict. of Plant Genet. and Mol. Biol., 1998)Pollen: The fertilizing element of plants that contains the male GAMETOPHYTES.Brassica: A plant genus of the family Cruciferae. It contains many species and cultivars used as food including cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, Brussel sprouts, kale, collard greens, MUSTARD PLANT; (B. alba, B. junica, and B. nigra), turnips (BRASSICA NAPUS) and rapeseed (BRASSICA RAPA).Germination: The initial stages of the growth of SEEDS into a SEEDLINGS. The embryonic shoot (plumule) and embryonic PLANT ROOTS (radicle) emerge and grow upwards and downwards respectively. Food reserves for germination come from endosperm tissue within the seed and/or from the seed leaves (COTYLEDON). (Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)Asteraceae: A large plant family of the order Asterales, subclass Asteridae, class Magnoliopsida. The family is also known as Compositae. Flower petals are joined near the base and stamens alternate with the corolla lobes. The common name of "daisy" refers to several genera of this family including Aster; CHRYSANTHEMUM; RUDBECKIA; TANACETUM.Species Specificity: The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.Plant Oils: Oils derived from plants or plant products.Sequence Alignment: The arrangement of two or more amino acid or base sequences from an organism or organisms in such a way as to align areas of the sequences sharing common properties. The degree of relatedness or homology between the sequences is predicted computationally or statistically based on weights assigned to the elements aligned between the sequences. This in turn can serve as a potential indicator of the genetic relatedness between the organisms.Droughts: Prolonged dry periods in natural climate cycle. They are slow-onset phenomena caused by rainfall deficit combined with other predisposing factors.Botany: The study of the origin, structure, development, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of plants.Fungi: A kingdom of eukaryotic, heterotrophic organisms that live parasitically as saprobes, including MUSHROOMS; YEASTS; smuts, molds, etc. They reproduce either sexually or asexually, and have life cycles that range from simple to complex. Filamentous fungi, commonly known as molds, refer to those that grow as multicellular colonies.Peas: A variable annual leguminous vine (Pisum sativum) that is cultivated for its rounded smooth or wrinkled edible protein-rich seeds, the seed of the pea, and the immature pods with their included seeds. (From Webster's New Collegiate Dictionary, 1973)Phenotype: The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.Triticum: A plant genus of the family POACEAE that is the source of EDIBLE GRAIN. A hybrid with rye (SECALE CEREALE) is called TRITICALE. The seed is ground into FLOUR and used to make BREAD, and is the source of WHEAT GERM AGGLUTININS.Abscisic Acid: Abscission-accelerating plant growth substance isolated from young cotton fruit, leaves of sycamore, birch, and other plants, and from potatoes, lemons, avocados, and other fruits.Phytosterols: A class of organic compounds known as STEROLS or STEROIDS derived from plants.Nitrogen: An element with the atomic symbol N, atomic number 7, and atomic weight [14.00643; 14.00728]. Nitrogen exists as a diatomic gas and makes up about 78% of the earth's atmosphere by volume. It is a constituent of proteins and nucleic acids and found in all living cells.Hordeum: A plant genus of the family POACEAE. The EDIBLE GRAIN, barley, is widely used as food.Pseudomonas syringae: A species of gram-negative, fluorescent, phytopathogenic bacteria in the genus PSEUDOMONAS. It is differentiated into approximately 50 pathovars with different plant pathogenicities and host specificities.Bryopsida: A class of plants within the Bryophyta comprising the mosses, which are found in both damp (including freshwater) and drier situations. Mosses possess erect or prostrate leafless stems, which give rise to leafless stalks bearing capsules. Spores formed in the capsules are released and grow to produce new plants. (Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990). Many small plants bearing the name moss are in fact not mosses. The "moss" found on the north side of trees is actually a green alga (CHLOROPHYTA). Irish moss is really a red alga (RHODOPHYTA). Beard lichen (beard moss), Iceland moss, oak moss, and reindeer moss are actually LICHENS. Spanish moss is a common name for both LICHENS and an air plant (TILLANDSIA usneoides) of the pineapple family. Club moss is an evergreen herb of the family LYCOPODIACEAE.Light: That portion of the electromagnetic spectrum in the visible, ultraviolet, and infrared range.Disease Resistance: The capacity of an organism to defend itself against pathological processes or the agents of those processes. This most often involves innate immunity whereby the organism responds to pathogens in a generic way. The term disease resistance is used most frequently when referring to plants.Protoplasts: The protoplasm and plasma membrane of plant, fungal, bacterial or archaeon cells without the CELL WALL.Evolution, Molecular: The process of cumulative change at the level of DNA; RNA; and PROTEINS, over successive generations.Chlorophyll: Porphyrin derivatives containing magnesium that act to convert light energy in photosynthetic organisms.Meristem: A group of plant cells that are capable of dividing infinitely and whose main function is the production of new growth at the growing tip of a root or stem. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)Soybeans: An annual legume. The SEEDS of this plant are edible and used to produce a variety of SOY FOODS.Agrobacterium tumefaciens: A species of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria isolated from soil and the stems, leafs, and roots of plants. Some biotypes are pathogenic and cause the formation of PLANT TUMORS in a wide variety of higher plants. The species is a major research tool in biotechnology.Plastids: Self-replicating cytoplasmic organelles of plant and algal cells that contain pigments and may synthesize and accumulate various substances. PLASTID GENOMES are used in phylogenetic studies.Aphids: A family (Aphididae) of small insects, in the suborder Sternorrhyncha, that suck the juices of plants. Important genera include Schizaphis and Myzus. The latter is known to carry more than 100 virus diseases between plants.Rhizobium: A genus of gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that activate PLANT ROOT NODULATION in leguminous plants. Members of this genus are nitrogen-fixing and common soil inhabitants.Trees: Woody, usually tall, perennial higher plants (Angiosperms, Gymnosperms, and some Pterophyta) having usually a main stem and numerous branches.Transformation, Genetic: Change brought about to an organisms genetic composition by unidirectional transfer (TRANSFECTION; TRANSDUCTION, GENETIC; CONJUGATION, GENETIC, etc.) and incorporation of foreign DNA into prokaryotic or eukaryotic cells by recombination of part or all of that DNA into the cell's genome.Volatile Organic Compounds: Organic compounds that have a relatively high VAPOR PRESSURE at room temperature.Cucumis sativus: A creeping annual plant species of the CUCURBITACEAE family. It has a rough succulent, trailing stem and hairy leaves with three to five pointed lobes.Cytokinins: Plant hormones that promote the separation of daughter cells after mitotic division of a parent cell. Frequently they are purine derivatives.Hydroponics: A technique for growing plants in culture solutions rather than in soil. The roots are immersed in an aerated solution containing the correct proportions of essential mineral salts. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)Mustard Plant: Any of several BRASSICA species that are commonly called mustard. Brassica alba is white mustard, B. juncea is brown or Chinese mustard, and B. nigra is black, brown, or red mustard. The plant is grown both for mustard seed from which oil is extracted or used as SPICES, and for its greens used as VEGETABLES or ANIMAL FEED. There is no relationship to MUSTARD COMPOUNDS.Stress, Physiological: The unfavorable effect of environmental factors (stressors) on the physiological functions of an organism. Prolonged unresolved physiological stress can affect HOMEOSTASIS of the organism, and may lead to damaging or pathological conditions.Hemiptera: A large order of insects characterized by having the mouth parts adapted to piercing or sucking. It is comprised of four suborders: HETEROPTERA, Auchenorrhyncha, Sternorrhyncha, and Coleorrhyncha.Water: A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Endophytes: An endosymbiont that is either a bacterium or fungus living part of its life in a plant. Endophytes can benefit host plants by preventing pathogenic organisms from colonizing them.Biodiversity: The variety of all native living organisms and their various forms and interrelationships.Solanaceae: A plant family of the order Solanales, subclass Asteridae. Among the most important are POTATOES; TOMATOES; CAPSICUM (green and red peppers); TOBACCO; and BELLADONNA.Adaptation, Physiological: The non-genetic biological changes of an organism in response to challenges in its ENVIRONMENT.Models, Biological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Multigene Family: A set of genes descended by duplication and variation from some ancestral gene. Such genes may be clustered together on the same chromosome or dispersed on different chromosomes. Examples of multigene families include those that encode the hemoglobins, immunoglobulins, histocompatibility antigens, actins, tubulins, keratins, collagens, heat shock proteins, salivary glue proteins, chorion proteins, cuticle proteins, yolk proteins, and phaseolins, as well as histones, ribosomal RNA, and transfer RNA genes. The latter three are examples of reiterated genes, where hundreds of identical genes are present in a tandem array. (King & Stanfield, A Dictionary of Genetics, 4th ed)Bryophyta: A division of the plant kingdom. Bryophyta contains the subdivision, Musci, which contains the classes: Andreaeopsida, BRYOPSIDA, and SPHAGNOPSIDA.Ferns: Seedless nonflowering plants of the class Filicinae. They reproduce by spores that appear as dots on the underside of feathery fronds. In earlier classifications the Pteridophyta included the club mosses, horsetails, ferns, and various fossil groups. In more recent classifications, pteridophytes and spermatophytes (seed-bearing plants) are classified in the Subkingdom Tracheobionta (also known as Tracheophyta).Plant Dispersal: The physical distribution of plants in various forms and stages of development through time and space.Ascomycota: A phylum of fungi which have cross-walls or septa in the mycelium. The perfect state is characterized by the formation of a saclike cell (ascus) containing ascospores. Most pathogenic fungi with a known perfect state belong to this phylum.DNA, Complementary: Single-stranded complementary DNA synthesized from an RNA template by the action of RNA-dependent DNA polymerase. cDNA (i.e., complementary DNA, not circular DNA, not C-DNA) is used in a variety of molecular cloning experiments as well as serving as a specific hybridization probe.Xylem: Plant tissue that carries water up the root and stem. Xylem cell walls derive most of their strength from LIGNIN. The vessels are similar to PHLOEM sieve tubes but lack companion cells and do not have perforated sides and pores.Gibberellins: A class of plant growth hormone isolated from cultures of Gibberella fujikuroi, a fungus causing Bakanae disease in rice. There are many different members of the family as well as mixtures of multiple members; all are diterpenoid acids based on the gibberellane skeleton.Medicago sativa: A plant species of the family FABACEAE widely cultivated for ANIMAL FEED.Gymnosperms: Gymnosperms are a group of vascular plants whose seeds are not enclosed by a ripened ovary (fruit), in contrast to ANGIOSPERMS whose seeds are surrounded by an ovary wall. The seeds of many gymnosperms (literally, "naked seed") are borne in cones and are not visible. Taxonomists now recognize four distinct divisions of extant gymnospermous plants (CONIFEROPHYTA; CYCADOPHYTA; GINKGOPHYTA; and GNETOPHYTA).Nuclear Power Plants: Facilities that convert NUCLEAR ENERGY into electrical energy.Fruit: The fleshy or dry ripened ovary of a plant, enclosing the seed or seeds.Cell Wall: The outermost layer of a cell in most PLANTS; BACTERIA; FUNGI; and ALGAE. The cell wall is usually a rigid structure that lies external to the CELL MEMBRANE, and provides a protective barrier against physical or chemical agents.Plantago: A plant genus of the family Plantaginaceae. The small plants usually have a dense tuft of basal leaves and long, leafless stalks bearing a terminal spike of small flowers. The seeds, known as PSYLLIUM, swell in water and are used as laxatives. The leaves have been used medicinally.Medicine, African Traditional: A system of traditional medicine which is based on the beliefs and practices of the African peoples. It includes treatment by medicinal plants and other materia medica as well as by the ministrations of diviners, medicine men, witch doctors, and sorcerers.Asparagus Plant: A plant genus in the family LILIACEAE (sometimes placed in Asparagaceae) that contains ECDYSTEROIDS and is an ingredient of Siotone. The shoots are used as a vegetable and the roots are used in FOLK MEDICINE.Cotyledon: A part of the embryo in a seed plant. The number of cotyledons is an important feature in classifying plants. In seeds without an endosperm, they store food which is used in germination. In some plants, they emerge above the soil surface and become the first photosynthetic leaves. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)Lamiaceae: The mint plant family. They are characteristically aromatic, and many of them are cultivated for their oils. Most have square stems, opposite leaves, and two-lipped, open-mouthed, tubular corollas (united petals), with five-lobed, bell-like calyxes (united sepals).Ethnopharmacology: The study of the actions and properties of medicinal agents, often derived from PLANTS, indigenous to populations or ETHNIC GROUPS.Soil Microbiology: The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in the soil. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms.Genetic Complementation Test: A test used to determine whether or not complementation (compensation in the form of dominance) will occur in a cell with a given mutant phenotype when another mutant genome, encoding the same mutant phenotype, is introduced into that cell.Cucurbita: A plant genus of the family CUCURBITACEAE, order Violales, subclass Dilleniidae, which includes pumpkin, gourd and squash.Helianthus: A genus herbs of the Asteraceae family. The SEEDS yield oil and are used as food and animal feed; the roots of Helianthus tuberosus (Jerusalem artichoke) are edible.Hypocotyl: The region of the stem beneath the stalks of the seed leaves (cotyledons) and directly above the young root of the embryo plant. It grows rapidly in seedlings showing epigeal germination and lifts the cotyledons above the soil surface. In this region (the transition zone) the arrangement of vascular bundles in the root changes to that of the stem. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)Signal Transduction: The intracellular transfer of information (biological activation/inhibition) through a signal pathway. In each signal transduction system, an activation/inhibition signal from a biologically active molecule (hormone, neurotransmitter) is mediated via the coupling of a receptor/enzyme to a second messenger system or to an ion channel. Signal transduction plays an important role in activating cellular functions, cell differentiation, and cell proliferation. Examples of signal transduction systems are the GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID-postsynaptic receptor-calcium ion channel system, the receptor-mediated T-cell activation pathway, and the receptor-mediated activation of phospholipases. Those coupled to membrane depolarization or intracellular release of calcium include the receptor-mediated activation of cytotoxic functions in granulocytes and the synaptic potentiation of protein kinase activation. Some signal transduction pathways may be part of larger signal transduction pathways; for example, protein kinase activation is part of the platelet activation signal pathway.Agrobacterium: A genus of gram negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria found in soil, plants, and marine mud.Phaseolus: A plant genus in the family FABACEAE which is the source of edible beans and the lectin PHYTOHEMAGGLUTININS.Caulimovirus: A genus of PLANT VIRUSES, in the family CAULIMOVIRIDAE, that are transmitted by APHIDS in a semipersistent manner. Aphid-borne transmission of some caulimoviruses requires certain virus-coded proteins termed transmission factors.Brassica napus: A plant species of the family BRASSICACEAE best known for the edible roots.Medicago truncatula: A plant species of the family FABACEAE used to study GENETICS because it is DIPLOID, self fertile, has a small genome, and short generation time.Host-Parasite Interactions: The relationship between an invertebrate and another organism (the host), one of which lives at the expense of the other. Traditionally excluded from definition of parasites are pathogenic BACTERIA; FUNGI; VIRUSES; and PLANTS; though they may live parasitically.Host-Pathogen Interactions: The interactions between a host and a pathogen, usually resulting in disease.Carbon: A nonmetallic element with atomic symbol C, atomic number 6, and atomic weight [12.0096; 12.0116]. It may occur as several different allotropes including DIAMOND; CHARCOAL; and GRAPHITE; and as SOOT from incompletely burned fuel.Botrytis: A mitosporic Leotiales fungal genus of plant pathogens. It has teleomorphs in the genus Botryotina.Embryophyta: Higher plants that live primarily in terrestrial habitats, although some are secondarily aquatic. Most obtain their energy from PHOTOSYNTHESIS. They comprise the vascular and non-vascular plants.GlucuronidaseLettuce: Any of the various plants of the genus Lactuca, especially L. sativa, cultivated for its edible leaves. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)Oomycetes: Eukaryotes in the group STRAMENOPILES, formerly considered FUNGI, whose exact taxonomic level is unsettled. Many consider Oomycetes (Oomycota) a phylum in the kingdom Stramenopila, or alternatively, as Pseudofungi in the phylum Heterokonta of the kingdom Chromista. They are morphologically similar to fungi but have no close phylogenetic relationship to them. Oomycetes are found in both fresh and salt water as well as in terrestrial environments. (Alexopoulos et al., Introductory Mycology, 4th ed, pp683-4). They produce flagellated, actively motile spores (zoospores) that are pathogenic to many crop plants and FISHES.DNA Primers: Short sequences (generally about 10 base pairs) of DNA that are complementary to sequences of messenger RNA and allow reverse transcriptases to start copying the adjacent sequences of mRNA. Primers are used extensively in genetic and molecular biology techniques.Sitosterols: A family of sterols commonly found in plants and plant oils. Alpha-, beta-, and gamma-isomers have been characterized.Acclimatization: Adaptation to a new environment or to a change in the old.Daucus carota: A plant species of the family APIACEAE that is widely cultivated for the edible yellow-orange root. The plant has finely divided leaves and flat clusters of small white flowers.Gene Expression Profiling: The determination of the pattern of genes expressed at the level of GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION, under specific circumstances or in a specific cell.Euphorbiaceae: The spurge family of flowering plants, in the order Euphorbiales, contains some 7,500 species in 275 genera. The family consists of annual and perennial herbs and woody shrubs or trees.Agriculture: The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.Introduced Species: Non-native organisms brought into a region, habitat, or ECOSYSTEM by human activity.Reproduction: The total process by which organisms produce offspring. (Stedman, 25th ed)Cucurbitaceae: The gourd plant family of the order Violales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida. It is sometimes placed in its own order, Cucurbitales. 'Melon' generally refers to CUCUMIS; CITRULLUS; or MOMORDICA.Genetic Variation: Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.Photoreceptors, Plant: Plant proteins that mediate LIGHT SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION. They are involved in PHOTOTROPISM and other light adaption responses during plant growth and development . They include the phototropins, phytochromes (PHYTOCHROME), and members of the ubiquitous cryptochrome family.Thymus Plant: A plant genus of the family LAMIACEAE best known for the thyme spice added to foods.Fusarium: A mitosporic Hypocreales fungal genus, various species of which are important parasitic pathogens of plants and a variety of vertebrates. Teleomorphs include GIBBERELLA.Anthocyanins: A group of FLAVONOIDS derived from FLAVONOLS, which lack the ketone oxygen at the 4-position. They are glycosylated versions of cyanidin, pelargonidin or delphinidin. The conjugated bonds result in blue, red, and purple colors in flowers of plants.Sorghum: A plant genus of the family POACEAE. The grain is used for FOOD and for ANIMAL FEED. This should not be confused with KAFFIR LIME or with KEFIR milk product.Herbicides: Pesticides used to destroy unwanted vegetation, especially various types of weeds, grasses (POACEAE), and woody plants. Some plants develop HERBICIDE RESISTANCE.Carbohydrate Metabolism: Cellular processes in biosynthesis (anabolism) and degradation (catabolism) of CARBOHYDRATES.Bacterial Proteins: Proteins found in any species of bacterium.Conserved Sequence: A sequence of amino acids in a polypeptide or of nucleotides in DNA or RNA that is similar across multiple species. A known set of conserved sequences is represented by a CONSENSUS SEQUENCE. AMINO ACID MOTIFS are often composed of conserved sequences.Araceae: A plant family of the order Arales, subclass Arecidae, class Liliopsida (monocot). Many members contain OXALIC ACID and calcium oxalate (OXALATES).Nitrogen Fixation: The process in certain BACTERIA; FUNGI; and CYANOBACTERIA converting free atmospheric NITROGEN to biologically usable forms of nitrogen, such as AMMONIA; NITRATES; and amino compounds.Fragaria: A plant genus of the family ROSACEAE known for the edible fruit.Ribulose-Bisphosphate Carboxylase: A carboxy-lyase that plays a key role in photosynthetic carbon assimilation in the CALVIN-BENSON CYCLE by catalyzing the formation of 3-phosphoglycerate from ribulose 1,5-biphosphate and CARBON DIOXIDE. It can also utilize OXYGEN as a substrate to catalyze the synthesis of 2-phosphoglycolate and 3-phosphoglycerate in a process referred to as photorespiration.Glucosinolates: Substituted thioglucosides. They are found in rapeseed (Brassica campestris) products and related cruciferae. They are metabolized to a variety of toxic products which are most likely the cause of hepatocytic necrosis in animals and humans.Lignin: The most abundant natural aromatic organic polymer found in all vascular plants. Lignin together with cellulose and hemicellulose are the major cell wall components of the fibers of all wood and grass species. Lignin is composed of coniferyl, p-coumaryl, and sinapyl alcohols in varying ratios in different plant species. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)Beetles: INSECTS of the order Coleoptera, containing over 350,000 species in 150 families. They possess hard bodies and their mouthparts are adapted for chewing.Gametogenesis, Plant: The process of germ cell development in plants, from the primordial PLANT GERM CELLS to the mature haploid PLANT GAMETES.Mutagenesis, Insertional: Mutagenesis where the mutation is caused by the introduction of foreign DNA sequences into a gene or extragenic sequence. This may occur spontaneously in vivo or be experimentally induced in vivo or in vitro. Proviral DNA insertions into or adjacent to a cellular proto-oncogene can interrupt GENETIC TRANSLATION of the coding sequences or interfere with recognition of regulatory elements and cause unregulated expression of the proto-oncogene resulting in tumor formation.Resins, Plant: Flammable, amorphous, vegetable products of secretion or disintegration, usually formed in special cavities of plants. They are generally insoluble in water and soluble in alcohol, carbon tetrachloride, ether, or volatile oils. They are fusible and have a conchoidal fracture. They are the oxidation or polymerization products of the terpenes, and are mixtures of aromatic acids and esters. Most are soft and sticky, but harden after exposure to cold. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed & Dorland, 28th ed)Basidiomycota: A phylum of fungi that produce their sexual spores (basidiospores) on the outside of the basidium. It includes forms commonly known as mushrooms, boletes, puffballs, earthstars, stinkhorns, bird's-nest fungi, jelly fungi, bracket or shelf fungi, and rust and smut fungi.Salinity: Degree of saltiness, which is largely the OSMOLAR CONCENTRATION of SODIUM CHLORIDE plus any other SALTS present. It is an ecological factor of considerable importance, influencing the types of organisms that live in an ENVIRONMENT.Darkness: The absence of light.Gene Silencing: Interruption or suppression of the expression of a gene at transcriptional or translational levels.Sodium Chloride: A ubiquitous sodium salt that is commonly used to season food.Pectins: High molecular weight polysaccharides present in the cell walls of all plants. Pectins cement cell walls together. They are used as emulsifiers and stabilizers in the food industry. They have been tried for a variety of therapeutic uses including as antidiarrheals, where they are now generally considered ineffective, and in the treatment of hypercholesterolemia.DNA, Bacterial: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of bacteria.Bacteria: One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.RNA, Messenger: RNA sequences that serve as templates for protein synthesis. Bacterial mRNAs are generally primary transcripts in that they do not require post-transcriptional processing. Eukaryotic mRNA is synthesized in the nucleus and must be exported to the cytoplasm for translation. Most eukaryotic mRNAs have a sequence of polyadenylic acid at the 3' end, referred to as the poly(A) tail. The function of this tail is not known for certain, but it may play a role in the export of mature mRNA from the nucleus as well as in helping stabilize some mRNA molecules by retarding their degradation in the cytoplasm.Vicia faba: A plant species of the genus VICIA, family FABACEAE. The edible beans are well known but they cause FAVISM in some individuals with GLUCOSEPHOSPHATE DEHYDROGENASE DEFICIENCY. This plant contains vicine, convicine, Vicia lectins, unknown seed protein, AAP2 transport protein, and Vicia faba DNA-binding protein 1.Mesophyll Cells: Large and highly vacuolated cells possessing many chloroplasts occuring in the interior cross-section of leaves, juxtaposed between the epidermal layers.Environment: The external elements and conditions which surround, influence, and affect the life and development of an organism or population.Phytochrome: A blue-green biliprotein widely distributed in the plant kingdom.Selaginellaceae: A plant family of the order Selaginellales, class Lycopodiopsida, division Lycopodiophyta, subkingdom Tracheobionta. Members contain bilobetin. The rarely used common name of resurrection plant is mainly used with CRATEROSTIGMA.Transcription Factors: Endogenous substances, usually proteins, which are effective in the initiation, stimulation, or termination of the genetic transcription process.Liliaceae: A monocot family within the order Liliales. This family is divided by some botanists into other families such as Convallariaceae, Hyacinthaceae and Amaryllidaceae. Amaryllidaceae, which have inferior ovaries, includes CRINUM; GALANTHUS; LYCORIS; and NARCISSUS and are known for AMARYLLIDACEAE ALKALOIDS.Fertilizers: Substances or mixtures that are added to the soil to supply nutrients or to make available nutrients already present in the soil, in order to increase plant growth and productivity.Salt-Tolerance: The ability of organisms to sense and adapt to high concentrations of salt in their growth environment.Expressed Sequence Tags: Partial cDNA (DNA, COMPLEMENTARY) sequences that are unique to the cDNAs from which they were derived.Recombinant Fusion Proteins: Recombinant proteins produced by the GENETIC TRANSLATION of fused genes formed by the combination of NUCLEIC ACID REGULATORY SEQUENCES of one or more genes with the protein coding sequences of one or more genes.Genetic Engineering: Directed modification of the gene complement of a living organism by such techniques as altering the DNA, substituting genetic material by means of a virus, transplanting whole nuclei, transplanting cell hybrids, etc.Citrus: A plant genus of the family RUTACEAE. They bear the familiar citrus fruits including oranges, grapefruit, lemons, and limes. There are many hybrids which makes the nomenclature confusing.Inflorescence: A cluster of FLOWERS (as opposed to a solitary flower) arranged on a main stem of a plant.
Gene silencing: plants and viruses fight it out. (1/10536)Plants can become 'immune' to attack by viruses by degrading specific viral RNA, but some plant viruses have evolved the general capacity to suppress this resistance mechanism. (+info)
Contact dermatitis in Alstroemeria workers. (2/10536)Hand dermatitis is common in workers in the horticultural industry. This study determined the prevalence of hand dermatitis in workers of Alstroemeria cultivation, investigated how many workers had been sensitized by tulipalin A (the allergen in Alstroemeria) and took stock of a wide range of determinants of hand dermatitis. The 12-month period prevalence of major hand dermatitis amounted to 29.5% whereas 7.4% had minor dermatitis. Of these workers, 52.1% were sensitized for tulipalin A. Several personal and work-related determinants played a role in the multifactorial aetiology of hand dermatitis. Factors which showed a significant relationship with major hand dermatitis were: female sex, atopic dermatitis, chapped hands and the frequency of washing hands. It may be concluded that the Alstroemeria workers are a population at risk of developing contact dermatitis and it might be useful to carry out an educational campaign to lower the high prevalence. (+info)
A family of S-methylmethionine-dependent thiol/selenol methyltransferases. Role in selenium tolerance and evolutionary relation. (3/10536)Several plant species can tolerate high concentrations of selenium in the environment, and they accumulate organoselenium compounds. One of these compounds is Se-methylselenocysteine, synthesized by a number of species from the genus Astragalus (Fabaceae), like A. bisulcatus. An enzyme has been previously isolated from this organism that catalyzes methyl transfer from S-adenosylmethionine to selenocysteine. To elucidate the role of the enzyme in selenium tolerance, the cDNA coding for selenocysteine methyltransferase from A. bisulcatus was cloned and sequenced. Data base searches revealed the existence of several apparent homologs of hitherto unassigned function. The gene for one of them, yagD from Escherichia coli, was cloned, and the protein was overproduced and purified. A functional analysis showed that the YagD protein catalyzes methylation of homocysteine, selenohomocysteine, and selenocysteine with S-adenosylmethionine and S-methylmethionine as methyl group donors. S-Methylmethionine was now shown to be also the physiological methyl group donor for the A. bisulcatus selenocysteine methyltransferase. A model system was set up in E. coli which demonstrated that expression of the plant and, although to a much lesser degree, of the bacterial methyltransferase gene increases selenium tolerance and strongly reduces unspecific selenium incorporation into proteins, provided that S-methylmethionine is present in the medium. It is postulated that the selenocysteine methyltransferase under selective pressure developed from an S-methylmethionine-dependent thiol/selenol methyltransferase. (+info)
The preprophase band: possible involvement in the formation of the cell wall. (4/10536)Numerous vesicles were observed among the microtubules of the "preprophase" band in prophase cells from root tips of Allium cepa. The content of these vesicles looks similar to the matrix of adjacent cell walls, and these vesicles often appear to be involved in exocytosis. In addition, the cell walls perpendicular to the plane of (beneath) the preprophase band are often differentially thickened compared to the walls lying parallel to the plane of the band. Our interpretation of these observations is that the preprophase band may direct or channel vesicles containing precursors of the cell wall to localized regions of wall synthesis. The incorporation of constituents of the cell wall into a narrow region defined by the position of the preprophase band may be a mechanism that ensures unidirecitonal growth of meristematic cells. (+info)
Kocuria palustris sp. nov. and Kocuria rhizophila sp. nov., isolated from the rhizoplane of the narrow-leaved cattail (Typha angustifolia). (5/10536)Two Gram-positive, aerobic spherical actinobacteria were isolated from the rhizoplane of narrow-leaved cattail (Typha angustifolia) collected from a floating mat in the Soroksar tributary of the Danube river, Hungary. Sequence comparisons of the 16S rDNA indicated these isolates to be phylogenetic neighbours of members of the genus Kocuria, family Micrococcaceae, in which they represent two novel lineages. The phylogenetic distinctness of the two organisms TA68T and TAGA27T was supported by DNA-DNA similarity values of less than 55% between each other and with the type strains of Kocuria rosea, Kocuria kristinae and Kocuria varians. Chemotaxonomic properties supported the placement of the two isolates in the genus Kocuria. The diagnostic diamino acid of the cell-wall peptidoglycan is lysine, the interpeptide bridge is composed of three alanine residues. Predominant menaquinone was MK-7(H2). The fatty acid pattern represents the straight-chain saturated iso-anteiso type. Main fatty acid was anteiso-C15:0. The phospholipids are diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol and an unknown component. The DNA base composition of strains TA68T and TAGA27T is 69.4 and 69.6 mol% G+C, respectively. Genotypic, morphological and physiological characteristics are used to describe two new species of Kocuria, for which we propose the names Kocuria palustris, type strain DSM 11925T and Kocuria rhizophila, type strain DSM 11926T. (+info)
Kodamaea nitidulidarum, Candida restingae and Kodamaea anthophila, three new related yeast species from ephemeral flowers. (6/10536)Three new yeast species were discovered during studies of yeasts associated with ephemeral flowers in Brazil, Australia and Hawaii. Their physiological and morphological similarity to Kodamaea (Pichia) ohmeri suggested a possible relationship to that species, which was confirmed by rDNA sequencing. Kodamaea nitidulidarum and Candida restingae were found in cactus flowers and associated nitidulid beetles in sand dune ecosystems (restinga) of South-eastern Brazil. Over 350 strains of Kodamaea anthophila were isolated from Hibiscus and morning glory flowers (Ipomoea spp.) in Australia, and from associated nitidulid beetles and Drosophila hibisci. A single isolate came from a beach morning glory in Hawaii. Expansion of the genus Kodamaea to three species modified the existing definition of the genus only slightly. The type and isotype strains are as follows: K. nitidulidarum strains UFMG96-272T (h+; CBS 8491T) and UFMG96-394I (h-; CBS 8492I); Candida restingae UFMG96-276T (CBS 8493T); K. anthophila strains UWO(PS)95-602.1T (h+; CBS 8494T), UWO(PS)91-893.2I (h-; CBS 8495I) and UWO(PS)95-725.1I (h-; CBS 8496I). (+info)
The origin and evolution of green algal and plant actins. (7/10536)The Viridiplantae are subdivided into two groups: the Chlorophyta, which includes the Chlorophyceae, Trebouxiophyceae, Ulvophyceae, and Prasinophyceae; and the Streptophyta, which includes the Charophyceae and all land plants. Within the Streptophyta, the actin genes of the angiosperms diverge nearly simultaneously from each other before the separation of monocots and dicots. Previous evolutionary analyses have provided limited insights into the gene duplications that have produced these complex gene families. We address the origin and diversification of land plant actin genes by studying the phylogeny of actins within the green algae, ferns, and fern allies. Partial genomic sequences or cDNAs encoding actin were characterized from Cosmarium botrytis (Zygnematales), Selaginella apoda (Selaginellales), Anemia phyllitidis (Polypodiales), and Psilotum triquetrum (Psilotales). Selaginella contains at least two actin genes. One sequence (Ac2) diverges within a group of fern sequences that also includes the Psilotum Ac1 actin gene and one gymnosperm sequence (Cycas revoluta Cyc3). This clade is positioned outside of the angiosperm actin gene radiation. The second Selaginella sequence (Ac1) is the sister to all remaining land plant actin sequences, although the internal branches in this portion of the tree are very short. Use of complete actin-coding regions in phylogenetic analyses provides support for the separation of angiosperm actins into two classes. N-terminal "signature" sequence analyses support these groupings. One class (VEG) includes actin genes that are often expressed in vegetative structures. The second class (REP) includes actin genes that trace their ancestry within the vegetative actins and contains members that are largely expressed in reproductive structures. Analysis of intron positions within actin genes shows that sequences from both Selaginella and Cosmarium contain the conserved 20-3, 152-1, and 356-3 introns found in many members of the Streptophyta. In addition, the Cosmarium actin gene contains a novel intron at position 76-1. (+info)
Characterization of an insertion sequence element associated with genetically diverse plant pathogenic Streptomyces spp. (8/10536)Streptomycetes are common soil inhabitants, yet few described species are plant pathogens. While the pathogenicity mechanisms remain unclear, previous work identified a gene, nec1, which encodes a putative pathogenicity or virulence factor. nec1 and a neighboring transposase pseudogene, ORFtnp, are conserved among unrelated plant pathogens and absent from nonpathogens. The atypical GC content of nec1 suggests that it was acquired through horizontal transfer events. Our investigation of the genetic organization of regions adjacent to the 3' end of nec1 in Streptomyces scabies 84.34 identified a new insertion sequence (IS) element, IS1629, with homology to other IS elements from prokaryotic animal pathogens. IS1629 is 1,462 bp with 26-bp terminal inverted repeats and encodes a putative 431-amino-acid (aa) transposase. Transposition of IS1629 generates a 10-bp target site duplication. A 77-nucleotide (nt) sequence encompassing the start codon and upstream region of the transposase was identified which could function in the posttranscritpional regulation of transposase synthesis. A functional copy of IS1629 from S. turgidiscabies 94.09 (Hi-C-13) was selected in the transposon trap pCZA126, through its insertion into the lambda cI857 repressor. IS1629 is present in multiple copies in some S. scabies strains and is present in all S. acidiscabies and S. turgidiscabies strains examined. A second copy of IS1629 was identified between ORFtnp and nec1 in S. acidiscabies strains. The diversity of IS1629 hybridization profiles was greatest within S. scabies. IS1629 was absent from the 27 nonpathogenic Streptomyces strains tested. The genetic organization and nucleotide sequence of the nec1-IS1629 region was conserved and identical among representatives of S. acidiscabies and S. turgidiscabies. These findings support our current model for the unidirectional transfer of the ORFtnp-nec1-IS1629 locus from IS1629-containing S. scabies (type II) to S. acidiscabies and S. turgidiscabies. (+info)
Protein kinase in cultured plant cells | Meta
A protein kinase (EC 184.108.40.206) which phosphorylates histones was purified partially from the soluble fractions of cultured plant cells. The optimum pH was 7.5 to 9.0. The activity wasnot stimulated by exogeneous cyclic AMP. It was thermolabile and completely dependent on the presence of...read more ...
Tissue Cultured Plants in Secunderabad - Manufacturers and Suppliers India
cDNA cloning and heterologous expression of coniferin β-glucosidase, Plant Molecular Biology | 10.1023/A:1006226931512 |...
Evolutionary divergence of LFY function in the mustards Arabidopsis thaliana and Leavenworthia crassa, Plant Molecular Biology ...
NATO Advanced Study Institute on Plant Molecular Biology
Subject: MARATEA 97: MORE INFORMATION Please note that registration information is given below: the registration deadline is 10 March, 1997. The NATO Advanced Study Institute on Plant Molecular Biology Cellular Integration of Signaling Pathways in Plant Development will be held at the seaside resort of Maratea, Italy from 20-30 May, 1997. This ASI is being organized by Natasha Raikhel (East Lansing), Fiorella Lo Schiavo (Padua), Giorgio Morelli (Rome), and Robert Last (Ithaca). The aim of this course is to bring together scientists studying the plant cell from different perspectives: biochemical, cell biological, genetic, and molecular. The overall goal is to highlight recent advances and to evaluate cross-disciplinary and emerging approaches for dissection of plant cell function at the molecular level. We are planning a small meeting with a format that should encourage information exchange. Each day will have a different theme, which will be developed throughout the day. Most days will begin ...
Technology Platform requests views on future plant research | Times Higher Education (THE)
Brussels, 02 Jun 2006 Academic and industry scientists from Europe are invited to contribute to a survey on current and future collaborative research in plant science, commissioned by the European Technology Platform Plants for the Future. The surveys broad scope covers technology development, basic and applied plant research in molecular biology, biotechnology, genomics and bioinformatics through to population biology, ecology and environmental science. Plants for the Future believes that the surveys outcome will be of great importance for determining both the socio-economic relevance of plant research, and how prepared plant scientists are to conduct breakthrough research that will enhance European competitiveness. The Technology Platforms Strategic Research Agenda (SRA) formulates a set of long-term objectives for European plant research, reviewed through national consultation. Comparison of the feedback from this survey with the SRA template will identify areas of relative strength and ...
Plant-Associated Bacteria | SpringerLink
Department of Plant Molecular Biology - PG Education
Regulation of Source-Sink Communication under Abiotic Stress. Communication between source organs and sink organs has an essential role in the carbohydrate assimilation and partitoning during plant growth and development and is a crucial factor for the plant productivity. The balance of source production and sink utilization of carbon is coordinated through a complex signalling network involving hormones, sugar and environment cues and regulate developmental and stress response processes. These signalling pathways determine the direction of nutrient flow and metabolic pathways. Insight into the molecular basis for regulation of source-sink communication may provide strategies for genetic manipulation of source sink nutrient allocation and improved crop productivity.. ...
Journal: Plant molecular biology / Publication Year: 2019 / Source: 2019 v.99 no.6 / Subject: gene expression regulation -...
KEY MESSAGE: Transcription factor MYB59 is involved in plant growth and stress responses by acting as negative regulator of Ca signalling and homeostasis. The Arabidopsis thaliana transcription factor MYB59 is induced by cadmium (Cd) and plays a key role in the regulation of cell cycle progression and root elongation, but its mechanism of action is poorly understood. We investigated the expression ...
A Uniaxial Loading Device for Studying Mechanoresponses of Single Plant Cell
A system which consists of a loading chamber unit, displacement sensor, data collector and processor, and a feedback control, was established for applying mechanical forces to single plant cells. The method works by compressing an agar cell-suspension block between parallel surfaces through using a force-feedback control circuit coupled to a microchip, delivering the pre-defined. The actual controlled stimulus is achieved whilst measuring the force being imposed on the cell, and its deformation. TheArabidopsisprotoplasts were utilized to test the system. It provides an experimental approach to investigate the mechanoresponses of plant cellsin vitroconditions.
Department of Plant Molecular Biology - Publications
Tiwari, K. K., Singh, A., Pattnaik, S.S., Sandhu, M.M., Kaur, S., Jain, S., Tiwari, S., Mehrotra, S., Anumalla, M., Samal,R. Bhardwaj, J., Dubey, N., Sahu, V., Kharshing, G.A., Zeliang, P.K., Srinivasan, K., Kumar, P., Parida, S.K., Mithra, S.V.A., Rai, V., Tyagi, W., Agarwal, P.K., Rao, A.R., Pattanayak, A., Chandel, G., Singh, A.K., Bisht, I.S., Bhat, K.V., Rao, G. J. N., Khurana, J.P., Singh, N.K., & Mohapatra, T. (2015). Identification of a diverse mini‐core panel of Indian rice germplasm based on genotyping using microsatellite markers. Plant Breeding, 134(2), 164-171. ...
Aims and Scope: Plant Molecular Biology
Further reading | Plants in Action
Bernier, G. (1988). The control of floral evocation and morphogenesis, Annual Review of Plant Physiology, 39, 175-219. Coen, E.S. (1991). The role of homeotic genes in flower development and evolution, Annual Review of Plant Physiology and Plant Molecular Biology, 42, 241-279. Crane, E. and Walker, P.
KAKEN - Researchers | OKUYAMA Yudai (40522529)
Affiliation：独立行政法人国立科学博物館,植物研究部,研究員, Research Field：Biodiversity/Systematics,Plant molecular biology/Plant physiology,Evolutionary biology,Evolutionary biology,Ecology/Environment, Keywords：進化,共生,カンアオイ,遺伝子機能解析,次世代DNAシーケンサー,トランスクリプトーム解析,絶滅危惧植物,植物,周縁分化,遺伝子発現, # of Research Projects：7, # of Research Products：64, Ongoing Project：送粉共生が駆動した花香多様化の分子基盤：迅速アッセイ系を用いた実験的解明
KAKEN - Researchers | YAMAMOTO Yasushi (40091251)
Catalog | Mendeley
PUB - Publikationen an der Universität Bielefeld
Ráðstefna um litningarannsóknir í Póllandi í september | Líffræðigáttin
Show 1089: How Plants Can Improve Your Sex Life - The People's Pharmacy
Synonyms for accroides-gum | Synonym.com
CiNii Articles - Identification of parental genomes and genomic organization in Aster microcephalus var. ovatus
AH diagnostics - Home - AH diagnostics
The Pub Club Gathering (Aug 19): Igor Houwat - The Hub
China Home Use Oxygen Plant Molecular Sieve Adsorption Tower - China Oxygen Genarator, Home Use
Plant Science | University of Basel
Within the Basel life science program, the Department of Environmental Sciences offers a comprehensive 1.5 year Masters course in Plant Science for graduates with a background in biology (B Sc in biology or equivalent). The cornerstone of this course is an individual research project in one of the areas of plant science of about one year duration. The project ends with a written Masters thesis. The practical part is complemented by lectures, seminars, and excursions. The course builds upon the strength of the Department in the areas of physiological plant ecology, plant-microbe interactions, ecosystem sciences and sustainable land use. The program benefits greatly from the leadership of the Zurich-Basel Plant Science Center, a network integrating more than 600 scientists interested in plant science.
Building an environment to facilitate discoveries for plant sciences<...
TY - GEN. T1 - Building an environment to facilitate discoveries for plant sciences. AU - Lenards, Andrew. AU - Merchant, Nirav C. AU - Stanzione, Dan. PY - 2011. Y1 - 2011. N2 - The iPlant Collaborative is an NSF-funded cyberinfrastructure (CI) effort directed towards the plant sciences community. This paper enumerates the key concepts, middleware, tools, and extensions that create the unique capabilities of the iPlant Discovery Environment (DE) that provide access to our CI. The DE is a rich web-based application that brings flexible CI capabilities to a wide audience affiliated with the plant sciences, from computational biologists, bioinformaticians, applications developers, to bench biologists. The inherent interdisciplinary nature of plant sciences research produces diverse and complex data products that range from molecular sequences to satellite imagery as part of the discovery life cycle. With the constant creation of novel analysis algorithms, the advent and spread of large data ...
In silico identification of conserved microRNAs in large number of diverse plant species | BMC Plant Biology | Full Text
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are recently discovered small non-coding RNAs that play pivotal roles in gene expression, specifically at the post-transcriptional level in plants and animals. Identification of miRNAs in large number of diverse plant species is important to understand the evolution of miRNAs and miRNA-targeted gene regulations. Now-a-days, publicly available databases play a central role in the in-silico biology. Because, at least ~21 miRNA families are conserved in higher plants, a homology based search using these databases can help identify orthologs or paralogs in plants. We searched all publicly available nucleotide databases of genome survey sequences (GSS), high-throughput genomics sequences (HTGS), expressed sequenced tags (ESTs) and nonredundant (NR) nucleotides and identified 682 miRNAs in 155 diverse plant species. We found more than 15 conserved miRNA families in 11 plant species, 10 to14 families in 10 plant species and 5 to 9 families in 29 plant species. Nineteen conserved miRNA
Plant Science and Natural Products
flowering houseplants for your home gardening know how. image of large leaf tropical plant identification. weeping fig....
How to Protect Tropical Plants From Cold | Garden Guides
Tropical plants receive that general name because of where they live and flourish the best---tropical regions of the country. If you have tropical plants living outside in Zones 8 or lower, expect to have to protect them during the winter months. In some cases even protection wont be enough because the plant is ...
Gene Networks Controlling Floral Evocation in Legume Shoot Apical Meristem | Plant Molecular Biology and Biotechnology...
Legumes, such as pea, chickpea, lupin and soybean, are of fundamental importance for agricultural systems providing sustainable pasture production and cereal rotation capabilities together with high quality products such as vegetable oils, protein and nutriceuticals (antioxidants, phytoestrogens and folate). Our main objective is to understand control of shoot apical meristem (SAM) differentiation. Meristem provides a…
Troy University Plant Science
TCU Plant Science
Wholesale Green Leaves Pillow Cover Cushion Cover Tropical plants Home Decor Throw Pillows Decorative Pillowcase Pillowsham-in...
Lab Members | Plant Molecular Biology and Biotechnology Laboratory
Group Directors: PROF Prem BHALLA Professor of Plant Biotechnology Faculty of Veterinary & Agricultural Sciences Agriculture and Food Systems Further Information PROF Mohan SINGH Professor of Agri-Food Biotechnology Faculty of Veterinary & Agricultural Sciences Agriculture and Food Systems Further Information Post-doctorial Research Fellows: Dr. Marta CIFUENTES [email protected] Dr. Agnieszka GOLICZ [email protected] Dr. Paul KNIGHT [email protected] …
KAKEN - Research Projects | Detection of RNA editing and reconstruction of plant molecular phylogenetic tree (KAKENHI-PROJECT...
Raintree's Tropical Plant Database- By Ethnic / Traditional Uses
Health Benefits from Tropical Plant Extract | ASW Mag
American sycamore synonyms, American sycamore antonyms - FreeThesaurus.com
Season-Long Volatile Emissions from Peach and Pear TreesIn Situ, Overlapping Profiles, and Olfactory Attraction of an...
Forschungszentrum Jülich - Plant Sciences (IBG-2)
Teaching Biology with Plant Science - Online Course - FutureLearn
Plant Science Industry Downloads on agriculture-xprt.com
Monash plant science discovery may unlock treatment strategies for genetic diseases in humans-PR Newswire APAC
Stetson University plant science
Plant Sciences with Placement Year at University of Sheffield
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Plant Molecular Virology - uni-plovdiv.net
PLANT MOLECULAR VIROLOGY GROUP. Activities:. The research topic of the group is molecular biology of the viroids. Viroids are the smallest RNA pathogens that infect the higher plants including some economically important crops. The non-coding viroid RNA genome supplies genetic information such as replicability, pathogenicity, mobility and host-specificity. It is assumed that the RNA sequence folds in a specific secondary structure that provides binding signals for host (protein) factors. It is further assumed that these factors exert in combination with the viroid RNA the genetic program of this RNA replicon. In this context the group is focused on molecular host-viroid interactions mediating viroid replication and movement in host plants and parasitic plants. A role of post-transcriptional gene silencing (PTGS) in viroid pathogenicity is currently under thorough investigation.. Recent projects:. National Science Fund DN06-6. POSTERS:. ...
Marchantia polymorpha synonyms, Marchantia polymorpha antonyms - FreeThesaurus.com
Assistant or Associate Professor in Plant Molecular Biology | botany.ubc.ca
The Department of Botany at the University of British Columbia invites applications for a tenure track position in Plant Molecular Biology to begin no earlier than July 1, 2018. We particularly welcome outstanding applicants with expertise in the areas of biochemistry, development, genetics, genomics/transcriptomics/proteomics and physiology. The initial appointment is expected to be at the level of Assistant Professor, but appointment at a higher rank (Associate Professor) will be considered for an applicant of exceptional qualifications. Applicants should have a PhD in a relevant area, a strong record of research productivity commensurate with their experience, and a demonstrated potential for attaining excellence in teaching at both the graduate and undergraduate level. The successful candidate will be expected to establish a vigorous, internationally competitive and externally funded research program, teach effectively at the undergraduate and graduate levels, supervise graduate students, ...
Mary Williams - Page 2 - Plant Science Today
I studied Biochemistry at Berkeley (BA), Plant Molecular Biology at Rockefeller (PhD), did a postdoc at Berkeley with Ian Sussex, and then spent 14 years as a Biology professor at Harvey Mudd College in Claremont, California. In 2009 I started working at the American Society of Plant Biologists as Features Editor of the journal Plant Cell and the developer of Teaching Tools in Plant Biology. My passion lies in making it a little bit easier for students of all ages to understand plants and plant science research. I live in Glasgow, Scotland, with my family and our much adored dog ...
International plant molecular biology: a bright future for green science | Genome Biology | Full Text
The Congress President H Ottoline Leyser (Sainsbury Laboratory, University of Cambridge, UK) gave the opening lecture on the regulation of shoot branching and its plasticity in response to ever-changing environmental conditions. The outgrowth of buds is controlled by the interplay between several phytohormones, including auxin, cytokinin and strigolactones. Auxin is transported downwards from the shoot tip and inhibits bud outgrowth, whereas cytokinins, which are produced primarily in roots and transported upward to buds, promote bud outgrowth. Strigolactones, which are produced in roots and shoots and transported to buds to repress bud activity, negatively regulate the activity of auxin efflux carriers called PIN proteins, and reduce the transport of auxin from the shoot tip to buds. Leyser concluded that the downward movement of auxin in the main stem inhibits bud activity by preventing auxin transport out of buds, whereas strigolactones dampen auxin transport and enhance competition between ...
PlantOmics: The Omics of Plant Science | Debmalya Barh | Springer
Koha online catalog › Details for: NATO Advanced study Institute on Plant Molecular Biology; Copenhagen, Denmark; 10-19 Jun...
Indoor Tropical Plant Pests | Garden Guides
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Plant non-coding RNAs and epigenetics | Springer for Research & Development
Dr. Jia-Wei Wang was born in Shanghai and graduated from the Department of Life Science and Technology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University in 1999. He received a Ph.D. degree at Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) in 2005. He went to Germany as a postdoc in 2005 and received postdoctoral training at Max Planck Institute for Developmental Biology. His independent research began from 2011 and he is currently a principal investigator at National Key Laboratory of Plant Molecular Genetics (NKLPMG), CAS Center for Excellence in Molecular Plant Sciences, Institute of Plant Physiology and Ecology (SIPPE), CAS. The main research focus of his group is plant life cycle and developmental timing. ...
Biology Prof. Resigns Over Gvt. Use of Plant Research | Democracy Now!
AMY GOODMAN: Were joined by Dr. Martha Crouch. She used to be a biology professor here at the University of Indiana, was reaching the top of her profession. She earned a Ph.D. in Developmental Science. She taught here at the Indiana University, ran a lab dedicated to cutting- edge plant research, but she decided to end her research career when she found out that biotechnology companies were taking her research, using it for profit. Dr. Marti Crouch with us, former Professor of Biology here at Indiana University. We welcome you to Democracy Now!. DR. MARTHA CROUCH: Thank you, Amy.. AMY GOODMAN: So, first tell us very quickly what happened to you? This was years ago. When was it?. DR. MARTHA CROUCH: This was 15 years ago, about 1990, and it was at the very beginning of genetic engineering in agriculture. You know, now probably in Indiana, 75% of the crops grown are genetically engineered, but at the time there wasnt anything in the field. I could see the writing on the wall, though, from the ...
Frontiers | Editorial: Biotrophic Plant-Microbe Interactions | Plant Science
Biotrophs and other partnersOrganisms inhabit the biosphere not as isolated entities: they interact with others. These may be individuals of the same species. In fact, the most common interactions are likely to be with very different beings. The interactions may be fleeting, or life-long, they may be simply sharing the same space, or may be complex behavioural and developmental processes (Genre and Russo, 2016; Buxa et al., 2015) from which one or both partners derive an advantage and improve their reproductive success. Interactions defined by exchange of foodPlants are no exception to this universal rule: they share their personal space with myriads of microbes (Souza et al., 2016). In the case of living plants, this may result in seemingly neutral (Voisey et al., 2016; Shaw et al., 2016), mutually beneficial (Calabrese et al., 2016; Manck-Gotzenberger and Requena, 2016; Banhara et al., 2015) or detrimental (Langenbach et al., 2016; Bindschedler et al., 2016) interactions; accordingly, the respective
Agriculture test, botany experiment, lab experiment, plant research, science project, test tube icon | Icon search engine
SID.ir | JOURNAL OF PLANT RESEARCH (IRANIAN JOURNAL OF BIOLOGY)-2016-Vol.29-No.4
Feature: Molecular plant-microbe interactions
News Archives - Page 4 of 41 - Butterfly Genetics Group
Several years ago we had a visitor from China, Quanyou, who carried out a study of transcriptomic responses of Heliconius melpomene midguts to feeding on two different host plant species. This work has just been published in Molecular Ecology. Importantly, Quanyou has very carefully annotated the detoxification genes in the melpomene genome, which will be […] ...
Faculty Publications from the Center for Plant Science Innovation | Plant Science Innovation, Center for | University of...
Dedicated Industrial Oilseed Crops as Metabolic Engineering Platforms for Sustainable Industrial Feedstock Production, Li-Hua Zhu, Frans Krens, Mark A. Smith, Xueyuan Li, Weicong Qi, Elbertus N. van Loo, Tim Iven, Ivo Feussner, Tara J. Nazarenus, Dongxin Huai, David C. Taylor, Xue-Rong Zhou, Allan G. Green, Jay Shockey, K. Thomas Klasson, Robert T. Mullen, Bangquan Huang, John M. Dyer, and Edgar B. Cahoon. ...
Over 20 Frontiers in Plant Science ebooks available for free - Science & research news | Frontiers | Open-access publisher
Your colleagues have hosted Research Topics spanning the breadth of plant science - many of which are now available as free ebooks! Frontiers Research Topics are collections of articles that bring researchers and their publications together to create a comprehensive online resource for the research community, highlighting recent developments and providing a forum for areas…
botany | Plant Science - McGill University
Long Island University plant science
André Luis de Alcantara Guimarães | Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil | Plant Science 2016 | Conferenceseries
CSES 1203 : Intro To Plant Sciences - Arkansas - Page 1 - Course
Youngstown State University plant science
UT Martin plant science
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İlham Şahmuradov - Vikipediya
7. Shahmuradov IA, Gammerman AJ, Hancock JM, Bramley PM, Solovyev VV (2003). PlantProm: a database of plant promoter sequences. Nucl. Acids. Res. 31: 114-117 8. Shahmuradov IA, Solovyev VV (2003) PromH: promoters identification using orthologous genomic sequences. Nucl. Acids. Res., 31, 3540-3545 9. Shahmuradov IA, Akbarova YYu, Solovyev VV, Aliyev JA (2003) Abundance of plastid DNA insertions in nuclear genomes rice and Arabidopsis. Plant Molecular Biology, 52, 923-934 10. Gordon L, Chervonenkis AYa, Gammerman A.J., Shahmuradov IA, Solovyev VV (2003). Sequence alignment kernel for recognition of promoter regions. Bioinformatics, 19, 1964-1971 11. Gordon L, Chervonenkis AYa, Gammerman AJ, Shahmuradov IA, Solovyev VV (2003) In: "Advanced in Intelligent Data Analysis V", Proceedings of 5th International Symposium on Intelligent Data Analysis (IDA 2003), Berlin, Germany, 2003 (Eds.: Merthold M.R., Lenz H-J., Bradley E., Kruse R., Borgelt C.), Springer, 2003, p. 386-3 12. Shahmuradov IA, Akberova ...
KAKEN - Research Projects | Chemical and molecular genetic analysis of the establishment of leaf polarity in Arabidopsis...
Press Releases | University of Tübingen
Plants grow throughout their entire life. This is due to a small structure at the tip of the plants shoots, known as the meristem. This is the control center for the maintenance of stem cells - which can be converted into any cell type - and for the creation of plant organs such as side shoots and leaves. Although all plants have to carry out these basic tasks, the meristem is different in shape and size in differing species such as maize and thale cress. An international team of researchers headed by Professor Marja Timmermans of the Center for Plant Molecular Biology at the University of Tübingen has discovered that the meristem has even greater tasks than scientists had realized. It controls the architecture of the whole plant from the very tip. By mapping the genetic circuits involved in these functions in maize, the team has discovered key starting points for technological improvement of crops. Their results have been published in the journal Genome Research.. In multicellular organisms, ...
Center for Plant Conservation. Center for Plant Conservation National Collection of Endangered Plants (on-line resource). FNA ... "Center for Plant Conservation". Center for Plant Conservation. Retrieved 9 April 2015. "Cosewic Assessment and Status Report on ... When the plant is not in flower, the leaves of the iris might be confused with false asphodel, (Triantha glutinosa, a white ... Handling the plant may also cause a skin irritation or an allergic reaction. In 1998, Iris lacustris was designated the state ...
List of turkey meat producing companies in the United States
In 1919, the company made its first major expansion, with the purchase of a processing plant in Madison, Wisconsin. The plant ... The only Wisconsin plant is found in Barron. Dakota Provisions was set up by Dakota Turkey Growers, a major farmers' ... Farbest Foods' processing plants are in Huntingburg and Vincennes, Indiana. Utilizing more than 400,000 square feet in two ... "Plants". Archived from the original on March 7, 2007. Retrieved 07-05 2007. Check date values in: ,access-date= (help) O'Keefe ...
Glacier National Park (U.S.)
Thirty species of plants are found only in the park and surrounding national forests. Beargrass, a tall flowering plant, is ... Many species of plants and animals actually need wildfires to help replenish the soil with nutrients and to open up areas that ... Virtually all the plants and animals which existed at the time European explorers first entered the region are present in the ... The impact of glacier retreat on the park's ecosystems is not fully known, but plant and animal species that are dependent on ...
Biscayne National Park
Exotic plant species which pose the highest risk to native plant communities include Brazilian-pepper, torpedo grass, tuberous ... Through the 1960s and 1970s, two fossil-fueled power plants and two nuclear power plants were built on the bay shores. A ... Rare and endangered plant species on the islands include Sargent's cherry palm and the semaphore prickly-pear cactus (Consolea ... The construction of miles of cooling water canals in the marl lands close to the shore behind the Turkey Point power plant, and ...
Lassen Volcanic National Park
Common plants include satin lupine, woolly mule's-ears and pinemat manzanita. Subalpine areas include the upper limit for the ... "Plants". United States National Park Service: Lassen Volcanic National Park. Retrieved January 13, 2009. C.Michael Hogan. 2010 ... From 8,000 feet to treeline, plants are fewer in overall number with exposed patches of bare ground providing a harsh ...
... ceae are large herbaceous plants, with alternate and pinnate leaves. They are actinorhizal plants, that host nitrogen- ... "International Plant Names Index". Retrieved 7 September 2013. Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2009). "An update of the Angiosperm ... Christenhusz, M. J. M. & Byng, J. W. (2016). "The number of known plants species in the world and its annual increase". ... This species is strictly dioecious, with male and female flowers on different plants. It is grown for ornamental foliage and ...
The top and bottom sets of teeth fit closely together, much like the teeth of mammals, allowing it to easily chew plants. The ... The palatal teeth are broad and fit tightly together, an adaptation to consuming fibrous plants. This variation in tooth shape ... "Fearsome Fangs, for a Plant-Eater." Bhando. March 25, 2011. Fröbisch, J. (2011). "On Dental Occlusion and Saber Teeth". Science ... Handwerk, B. (24 March 2011). "Odd Saber-Toothed Beast Discovered-Preyed on ... Plants?". National Geographic Daily News. ...
General "Zoysia matrella (L.) Merr". Australian Plant Name Index (APNI), IBIS database. Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research ... "USDA GRIN Taxonomy for Plants". Retrieved 2006-11-14. "Allelopathic potential of Zoysia matrella (L.) Merr. plants. - ... 1771 "Plant Name Details for Agrostis matrella". IPNI. Retrieved May 23, 2011. Malabar, India (Indian Subcontinent, Asia- ... It is naturalised in many places, as in Hawaii, and can become weedy, like many plant species with desirable horticultural ...
Devil's Garden (Arches National Park)
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The Plant List, Eupatorium capillifolium (Lam.) Small ex Porter & Britton "Eupatorium capillifolium (Lam.) Small". PLANTS. Uva ... Unlike insect-pollinated plants in this genus, E. capillifolium is wind-pollinated. Dogfennel is eaten by Florida's scarlet- ... These moths feed on the plant while mature, to store its toxins and ward off predators. Dogfennel spreads by both seeds and ... Eupatorium capillifolium (dogfennel) is a North American perennial herbaceous plant in the family sunflower family, native to ...
... and lignin in plants. Phenylalanine ammonia lyase is found widely in plants, as well as some yeast and fungi, with isoenzymes ... In plants it is a key biosynthetic enzyme that catalyzes the first step in the synthesis of a variety of polyphenyl compounds ... It is found mainly in some plants and fungi (i.e. yeast). In fungal and yeast cells, PAL plays an important catabolic role, ... Plants. 2: 16050. doi:10.1038/nplants.2016.50. PMID 27255834. KOUKOL, J; CONN, EE (October 1961). "The metabolism of aromatic ...
Annual Review of Plant Physiology and Plant Molecular Biology. 40: 347-69. doi:10.1146/annurev.pp.40.060189.002023. ... Plants. 2: 16050. doi:10.1038/nplants.2016.50. PMID 27255834 Davey MP, DN Bryant, I Cummins, P Gates, TW Ashenden, R Baxter, R ... Phenylalanine is first converted to cinnamic acid by the action of the enzyme phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL). Some plants, ... Mohammad Babar Ali, Serida Khatun, Eun-Joo Hahn and Kee-Yoeup Paek, Plant Growth Regulation, 2006, Volume 49, Numbers 2-3, ...
... is a shrubby species of flowering plant in the genus Daphne with purple flowers. It was described by Martin Vahl ... circassica, but with larger flowers and less visible anthers; from the west Transcaucasus "Daphne sericea". The Plant List. ... "Daphne sericea Collina Group". Plants. Royal Horticultural Society. Retrieved 27 November 2017. ...
Other production plants include the PVC production plant in Crepaja with an annual capacity of 16,000 tonnes, the polyethylene ... These complexes include a number of nine producing plants. The ethylene plant is located in Pančevo and was established in 1979 ... "Ethylene Plant". HIP Petrohemija. 2010. Retrieved 2010-09-22. "High Density Polyethylene (HDPE) Plant". HIP Petrohemija. 2010. ... "FSK - Synthetic Rubber Plant". HIP Petrohemija. 2010. Retrieved 2010-09-22. "PANONIJAPLAST - Compound Production Plant". HIP ...
Kings Canyon National Park
Over 1,200 species of plants occur in Kings Canyon and Sequoia Parks, representing about 20 percent of all plant species in the ... "Plants". Sequoia & Kings Canyon National Parks. U.S. National Park Service. Retrieved 2017-09-18. "Sequoia and Kings Canyon ... The Yokuts, who lived in the Central Valley, also ventured into the mountains during summer to collect plants, hunt game, and ... Due to the large range in elevation, the park is characterized by several major plant communities. At lower elevations the park ...
"Home > Plants". Julphar.net. Retrieved 2012-05-07. "Home > About us > Board of Directors". Julphar.net. Retrieved 2012-05-07. ... "Plant > High lights". Jusline.ae. Retrieved 2012-05-07. The National, [email protected], March International Diabetes ... Julphar maintains a network of eleven manufacturing plants based in the UAE, with plans to open additional facilities in ... Brussels:International Diabetes Federation; 2011 "UAE's Julphar to set up plant in Saudi Arabia". Khaleejtimes.com. 2011-11-20 ...
... on their host plants (Chelone spp.). Oecologia 63:275-280. Wilcox, J.A. (1979). Leaf beetle host plants in northeastern North ... "Plants Native to the State of Maine". Blanchan, Neltje (2005). Wild Flowers Worth Knowing. Project Gutenberg Literary Archive ... It is the primary plant on which the Baltimore checkerspot butterfly will lay its eggs (although the butterfly to some extent ... It has been used as a method of birth control by Abenaki people.[unreliable source?] "Chelone glabra". PLANTS. "Flora of the ...
Aniakchak National Monument and Preserve
"Plants". Aniakchak National Monument and Preserve. National Park Service. Retrieved February 27, 2013. VanderHoek & Myron (2004 ... The 1931 volcanic eruption at Vent Mountain within the crater disrupted plant communities around the volcano, which are now ... Encompassing coastal and mountain habitats, Aniakchak is home to a wide variety of plants and animals. Large terrestrial ...
Australian Native Plants • Plants • 800.701.6517. "Flora of Victoria". Vicflora.rbg.vic.gov.au. "Gahnia grandis. (2017). 1st ed ... Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research, Australian Government. "Gahnia grandis (Labill.) S.T.Blake". Australian Plant Name ... 2017). Gahnia grandis". Australian Native Plants • Plants • 800.701.6517. "Gahnia Grandis. (2017). 1st ed" (PDF). Tasmania: ... It can be planted in home gardens and backyard as an ornamental species. I Many of the other Gahnia species are similar to ...
ISBN 0-87893-403-0 , p156 Bhattacharya, D; Medlin, L (1998). "Algal phylogeny and the origin of land plants". Plant Physiology ... Jeffrey D. Palmer, Douglas E. Soltis and Mark W. Chase (2004). "The plant tree of life: an overview and some points of view". ... P.H. Raven, R.F. Evert, S.E. Eichhorn (2005): Biology of Plants, 7th Edition, W.H. Freeman and Company Publishers, New York, ... ISBN 0-521-30419-9 Judd, W.S., Campbell, C.S., Kellogg, E.A., Stevens, P.F. and Donoghue, M.J. Sinauer (2002) Plant systematics ...
Capsicum annuum var. glabriusculum
... stems and plant structure are very different on each plant. Chiltepin is a perennial shrub that usually grows to a height of ... Elsewhere, such as in Arizona, it may require the partial shading of a nurse plant. Chiltepin was named "the official native ... ISBN 978-0-8493-9646-5. Richardson, Alfred (1995). Plants of the Rio Grande Delta. University of Texas Press. p. 232. ISBN 978- ... Ball, Jackie; Denise Vega; Uechi Ng (2002). Plants. Gareth Stevens. p. 25. ISBN 978-0-8368-3218-1. Video, of the Colombian ...
Crop rotation can help to control pests by depriving them of their host plants. It is a major tactic in the control of corn ... "Maximum Residue Levels". Plants. European Commission. Retrieved 27 August 2017. Lieutier, François; Day, Keith R.; Battisti, ... Techniques such as crop rotation, companion planting (also known as intercropping or mixed cropping), and the selective ... Chrispeels, Maarten J.; Sadava, David E. (1994). Plants, Genes, and Agriculture. Jones and Bartlett Publishers. p. 452. ISBN ...
Ecology of the North Cascades
The North Cascades has a diversity of plant and animal species. It contains more than 1630 vascular plant species. The range ... Both plant and animal species have adapted in many different ways to deal with this challenging environment. This high ... Besides the richness of mammals there is a richness of insects that are integral to the abundance of flowering plant species in ... "Plants". North Cascades National Park. National Park Service. 16 May 2012. Retrieved 6 June 2012. Rawhouser, Ashley K.; Holmes ...
For an overview of the plant research being conducted under the DairyBio program, visit the Dairy Australia website now. We ... A wide range of innovations are used in these projects, from large-scale observation of plant performance called phenomics, to ... More information on DairyBio plant research and other research initiatives is available on the DairyBio website. ... as well as projects that study fungal endophytes that live in the plant and microbial populations that surround the plant. ...
Show 1089: How Plants Can Improve Your Sex Life - The People's Pharmacy
... youll find that certain plants can improve your sex life. Which ones are they? ... He travels to remote locations to learn what native people can teach him about plants. In many regions, people treasure plants ... Show 1089: How Plants Can Improve Your Sex Life. If you search around the world as Chris Kilham does, youll find that certain ... How Could Plants Improve Your Sex Life?. Kilham reports that Rhodiola rosea, for example, can increase energy and endurance, ...
NIOSH Fast Facts: Protecting Yourself from Poisonous Plants | NIOSH | CDC
Any person working outdoors is at risk of exposure to poisonous plants, such as poison ivy, poison oak, and poison sumac. ... Do not burn plants or brush piles that may contain poison ivy, poison oak, or poison sumac. *Inhaling smoke from burning plants ... If you are exposed to a poisonous plant:. *Immediately rinse skin with rubbing alcohol, poison plant wash, or degreasing soap ( ... Poisonous plants, from left to right: poison ivy, poison oak, poison sumac.. Images courtesy of U.S. Department of Agriculture. ...
Monocots Evolved from Aquatic Plants says Molecular Study | Physics Forums
Apparently the monocot lineage was founded by aquatic plants (Science mag news story, original... ... Im not a plant expert, but I can tell monocots from dicots. ... Viridiplantae (green plants) includes land plants and green ... Im not a plant expert, but I can tell monocots from dicots. Apparently the monocot lineage was founded by aquatic plants ( ... About non-seed plants, it is fairly consistent with some discrepancies.. For seed plants, it made all present-day gymnosperms ( ...
Cannabis, cannabinoids and cancer - the evidence so far - Cancer Research UK - Science blog
But whole plants or other organisms are a complex mix of hundreds of chemicals (not all of which may be beneficial) and ... But the entire plant itself is highly toxic, and eating just a small amount can kill. ... The structure of the main active ingredient of cannabis plants - delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) - was discovered in the 60s ... Most research has been focused on THC, which occurs naturally in cannabis plants, but researchers have found that different ...
Design of plant synthetic metabolic pathways Anika Küken, Zoran Nikoloski. Plant Physiol. pp.01273.2018; First Published on ... About Plant Physiology. Plant Physiology ® is an international journal devoted to physiology, biochemistry, cellular and ... The role of plastidic trigger factor serving protein biogenesis in green algae and land plants ...
UK biomass CHP plant begins commissioning | Biomassmagazine.com
Once operational, the plant will generate heat and power for nearby homes and Discovery Park, a center for science and ... The company warned that the test blows will be louder than normal operating noise from the plant when it begins generating heat ... "This months steam blows are part of the commissioning process, where the power plant will be tested far beyond its normal ... released an update of commissioning activities at the facility, known as the Kent Renewable Energy CHP plant. The company said ...
The mission of the U.S. Forest Service includes caring for rare plants, their habitats, and helping people learn about them on ... Rare plants may be scarce because there are just a few individuals, restricted to a narrow geographic range, occur sparsely ... Rare Plants. "Caring for the land and serving people", the mission of the U.S. Forest Service, means caring for rare plants and ... Rare Plant Profiles. Species descriptions of rare plants found on the national forests and grasslands. ...
Medicinal plants - Wikipedia
Plant medicines can be dangerous during pregnancy. Since plants may contain many different substances, plant extracts may ... A medicinal plant is a plant that is used to attempt to maintain health, to be administered for a specific condition, or both, ... Anthraquinone glycosides are found in medicinal plants such as rhubarb, cascara, and Alexandrian senna. Plant-based ... Terpenes and terpenoids of many kinds are found in a variety of medicinal plants, and in resinous plants such as the ...
Portal:Plants - Wikipedia
Darlingtonia californica, also called the California pitcher plant or Cobra Lily, is a carnivorous plant in the family ... Stylidium (also known as triggerplants or trigger plants) is a genus of dicotyledonous plants that belong to the family ... Systemin is a plant peptide hormone involved in the wound response in the family Solanaceae. It was the first plant hormone ... The plant provides the bacteria with nutrients and an anaerobic environment, and the bacteria fix nitrogen for the plant. ...
Plants Brook - Wikipedia
Plants Brook (originally Ebrook, Ebrooke or East Brook) is a stream in Erdington and Sutton Coldfield, Birmingham, England. It ... Up until 1967, the Wylde Green Road was crossed by a ford formed by Plants Brook. Alongside this, John Vesey, Bishop of Exeter ... houses of interest at Wylde Green crossing of Plants Brook, A. F. Fentiman Birmingham.gov.uk: Plantsbrook Local Nature Reserve ...
AoB Plants - Wikipedia
It covers all aspects of environmental and evolutionary plant biology. AoB Plants and its sister journal, Annals of Botany, are ... AoB Plants is a peer-reviewed open-access scientific journal established in 2009 and published by Oxford University Press. ... "Journals Ranked by Impact: Plant Sciences". 2016 Journal Citation Reports. Web of Science (Science ed.). Clarivate Analytics. ... "Plant Sciences". "Master Journal List". Intellectual Property & Science. Thomson Reuters. Retrieved 2015-04-09. "Serials cited ...
... are the species that are naturally found your region. They co-evolved with the native wildlife over the course of ... Native Plant Finder Bring your garden to life! Enter your zip code to discover the best native plants, attract butterflies and ... Native Plants. Native plants have formed symbiotic relationships with native wildlife over thousands of years, and therefore ... Native plants help the environment the most when planted in places that match their growing requirements. They will thrive in ...
Plants | Hosted
Latest Plants News. Major forest fire burns Greek nature reserve for 3rd day. Aug. 15, 2019 1:21 PM EDT ... LUCKNOW, India (AP) - More than a million Indians planted 220 million trees on Friday in a government campaign to tackle ... Indians plant 220 million trees in single day. Aug. 9, 2019 9:56 AM EDT ... Forest official Bivhas Ranjan said students, lawmakers, officials and others planted dozens of species of... ...
Plants For A Future
... is a charity which researchs into edible and otherwise useful plants. This group is for general discusion ... Plants For A Future is a Public Group with 1220 members.. *Plants For A Future ... recall, wed plant it in Oct.and harvest in Feb./March.. , , Sincerely, Maikito Michael Lasky. , , , To: [email protected]: ericajung ...
Poisonous Plants | NIOSH | CDC
Many native and exotic plants are poisonous to humans when ingested or if there is skin contact with plant chemicals. ... Many native and exotic plants are poisonous to humans when ingested or if there is skin contact with plant chemicals. However, ... the most common problems with poisonous plants arise from contact with the sap oil of several native plants that cause an ... NIOSH Fast Facts: Protecting Yourself from Poisonous Plantspdf icon. Print or order this free card for easy access to important ...
Plants For A Future
... is a charity which researchs into edible and otherwise useful plants. This group is for general discusion ... Plants For A Future is a Public Group with 1218 members.. *Plants For A Future ... I believe he said the capacity of plants to hybridise was very strong, and he knew he only had a small proportion of examples. ... variety of plant types - small, huge, climbing, prostrate, fruiting, prickly, smooth, etc. All sorts. Very inspiring. Some were ...
Growing Plants with LED's
But UV-C and UV-B are believed to stop plant spread and this is why they have to be removed from the light under which plants ... While UV-A causes plants only a little harm, UV-B, which is a shorter wavelength, can damage plant tissue and in humans it can ... LEDs can be calibrated to emit only the light most efficient for the plants, but not all the light plants need. This is why ... All these blend to create the ideal environment for a plant to grow and reproduce as well as they influence size, seeds, plant ...
BP closing Maryland solar manufacturing plant
BP will close its solar-panel manufacturing plant in Frederick, the final step in moving its solar business out of the United ... BP, which has been in the solar business for 37 years, acquired a half-interest in the Frederick plant when it bought Amoco ... BP Solar said in January that Jabil Circuit would build a module assembly plant in Chihuahua, Mexico, to serve the U.S. market ... BP will close its solar-panel manufacturing plant in Frederick, the final step in moving its solar business out of the United ...
Native Plants | Audubon
Audubons native plants database draws its plant data from the North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program ... Audubons native plants database draws its plant data from the North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program ... Native Plants Database Native Plants The Coleman and Susan Burke Center for Native Plants ... Enter your 5-digit zip code to use Audubons native plants database and explore the best plants for birds in your area, as well ...
Lipids & Plants | eHow
When a plant creates energy, much of this energy is used to replace the energy that the plant lost. However, there is some ... Plant fats are mostly triglycerides. A few species of plants, such as desert shrubs, use liquid wax as fats, according to Cyber ... Lipids in Plants. Lipids are used to create the structural membranes that all life forms are made out of. Lipids are commonly ... Both animals and plants need fats as a form of storable food and also to allow various functions to be performed. The fats are ...
Plants for Birds
Native Plants Grow These Native Plants So Your Backyard Birds Can Feast. Native plants beat even the best bird feeder. Heres ... Bring birds to your home today by growing native plants. With Audubons Native Plant Database, you can find the best plants for ... Native Plants So You Have Your List of Native Plants. Now What? Doing a little prep and research before you go to the nursery ... Native Plants Brighten Up Your Balcony or Patio with a DIY Native-Plant Garden. Even apartment dwellers can lure birds to their ...
Monthly Themes: Plants
Plants: 1001 Uses. Students will identify plant products in the classroom, further identify products made from plants, and show ... The Many Uses of Plants. Plants have many uses in addition to being a source of food for people and animals. Ask students to ... Have students match plant parts with plant names and make a virtual salad in the process. ... Terms of a Bean Plant. Have students study bean plant parts and then use the terms to label a diagram. ...
Plants - Business Insider
Keeping these 12 plants in your home can improve your health - and theyre almost impossible to kill. *Emily DiNuzzo, INSIDER ... All plants on Earth may owe their existence to a spooky trick of quantum physics. *Sarah Kramer, Tech Insider ... 5 health-promoting plants that will clean the air in your home - and are very hard to kill. *Hilary Brueck ... This plant shop lets you create your own mini world. *Kristen Griffin and Shirley Cheng, INSIDER ...
Plants | Science News
Department ofPlant & environmental sciences Home. Welcome. Plants are the central player in the interaction of humanity with ... The Dynamic Plant Genome Prof. Avraham Levy, The Dynamic Plant Genome Homepage of Avraham Levy , Send mail to Avraham Levy ... The Plant Metabolome in Action Prof. Asaph Aharoni, The Plant Metabolome in Action Homepage of Asaph Aharoni , Send mail to ... Growth Regulation of Plant Organs Prof. Yuval Eshed, Growth Regulation of Plant Organs Homepage of Yuval Eshed , Send mail to ...
Coal power plants - LA Times
... a coal-fired power plant in Chicago. EPA regulations adopted in December restrict coal plants' emission of mercury and ... EPA regulations adopted in December restrict coal plants emission of mercury and other toxic chemicals, which have been found ... EPA regulations adopted in December restrict coal plants emission of mercury and other toxic chemicals, which have been found ... EPA regulations adopted in December restrict coal plants emission of mercury and other toxic chemicals, which have been found ...
The world's spookiest plants - Gardening
Naturalistic perennial planting: the low-effort, high impact gardening technique we should all be trying Premium ... Think a sheep-eating plant sounds like fantasy? Think again. This towering perennial from Chile can be hazardous to curious ... Its thought that the decomposing animals might indirectly feed the plant by enriching the soil with nutrients. ...
BBC - h2g2 - Spider Plants - A287309
1. Life / The Natural World / Plants. Spider Plants. Native to southern Africa, the spider plant is a popular house plant ... As this plant requires no soil and rarely attracts bugs, it is an ideal house plant. The plant is also ideal because the root ... The spider plant has several nicknames including the ever so scientific Chlorophytum comosum, ribbon plant and airplane plant ... Spider Plants (Last Posting: Feb 5, 2008) repotting (Last Posting: Feb 5, 2008) Spider plants (Last Posting: Sep 27, 2001) ...
Nuke Plants Aging Disgracefully | WIRED
... nuclear power plants have been the root of a growing list of near-miss accidents that experts and environmental activists fear ... Recently, workers found coolant leaks at the Sequoyah 2 plant in Tennessee and the Comanche Peak 1 plant in Texas. Both plants ... leakage within the plant and releases of radioactivity from the plant.. Within the plant, there is a recognition that pumps ... Nuke Plants Aging Disgracefully. Cracks, corrosion and other signs of age at U.S. nuclear power plants have been the root of a ...
How Are Rare Plants Conserved?
... native plant information, pollinators, just for kids, coloring pages, teacher resources, ferns, rare plants, plant of the week ... pollinator of the month, invasive plants, and wildflower links. ... Rare Plant Profiles. *Discover the rare plants on our national ... In these cases, we may work with a partner such as the Center for Plant Conservation (CPC), to rescue plants or their seed when ... Unethical or ignorant plant collection for horticultural or herbal uses has caused some plants to decline in the wild, leading ...
Devonian Period - Plants | Britannica
Plants: It is now known that some supposedly Silurian plants, such as those at Baragwanath, Vic., Australia, are actually from ... There was a remarkable initiation of diverse types of vascular plants during the Devonian, and a varied flora was established ... Information on spores provided by palynologists would help determine the antecedents of the Devonian plants. ... Silurian record of Cooksonia fossils of the Czech Republic seems to be the earliest unquestionable evidence of vascular plants ...
MedicinalSoilFungalMolecularResearchSeedsSoilVascular plantsSpecies of plantsGreen AlgaeCarbon dioxideRare plants conservedFloweringPoisonousCoal plantsFernsAttract butterflies and mHumansContentOrnamentalNational forests and grasslandsHabitatsSurvivePerennialEukaryotesFertilizerPathogensAudubonHistoricallySunlightChlorophyllClassificationEmbryoMainGeneticsCause an allergicGrowOrganismsCampaignButterfliesPhotosynthesisToxinsSeedlingsInvasive plantBacteriaWorld'sGrowthDozensVegetablesIndiaIndoorBirds in yourGardenScientistsGenusCaliforniaNATIVE PLANT FINDERShare
- All these blend to create the ideal environment for a plant to grow and reproduce as well as they influence size, seeds, plant health and so on. (prweb.com)
- Lipids are commonly found in plant seeds, according to Cyber Lipid. (ehow.com)
- There are about 320,000 species of plants, of which the great majority, some 260-290 thousand, produce seeds . (wikipedia.org)
- The plant produces yellow blossoms that eventually become a bright red-skinned fruit with red pulp and seeds like those of the cucumber. (ehow.com)
- As the seeds of plants develop, the ovary surrounding the seed develops into a fruit, such as an apple or a pea pod. (factmonster.com)
- Fruits protect seeds, and help disperse them away from the parent plant so that new plants have enough water and light to grow. (factmonster.com)
- 4. Can Jersualem cherry plants be grown from their seeds? (washingtonpost.com)
- When the fruit withers, remove it from the plant and clean the pulp from the seeds. (washingtonpost.com)
- The four-year-old US book has a long title: ``Andersen Horticultural Library's Source List of Plants and Seeds'' (Chanhassan, Minn.: Minnesota Landscape Arboretum, $29.95 postpaid). (csmonitor.com)
- He lists 40,000 different plants and seeds, including vegetables and fruits. (csmonitor.com)
- Since serotonin regulates intestinal activity, its presence in the fruits of plants may serve as a way of ensuring seeds are passed through and expelled by the digestive tract quickly, in much the same way as some fruit-based laxatives do. (news-medical.net)
- All bryophyte species reproduce by spores not seeds, never have flowers, and are found growing on the ground, on rocks, and on other plants. (infoplease.com)
- Conifers and allies ( Coniferophyta and allies) Conifers reproduce from seeds, but unlike plants like blueberry bushes or flowers where the fruit or flower surrounds the seed, conifer seeds (usually cones) are "naked. (infoplease.com)
- Instead of simply rejuvenating the soil, these studies have found, earthworms actually hunt for young plants and seeds-devouring them before they have a chance to poke through the surface.To study the worms' dietary preferences, researchers offered them a variety of seeds and seedlings. (treehugger.com)
- Native plants also assist in managing rain water runoff and maintain healthy soil as their root systems are deep and keep soil from being compacted. (nwf.org)
- It's thought that the decomposing animals might indirectly feed the plant by enriching the soil with nutrients. (telegraph.co.uk)
- As this plant requires no soil and rarely attracts bugs, it is an ideal house plant. (bbc.co.uk)
- To take strain off the mother plant, remove babies as they mature and place them in water or soil. (bbc.co.uk)
- Often, though, rare plants are restricted to special soil types, which are nearly impossible to recreate once the soil layers are churned up. (fed.us)
- These books help anyone with a small patch of soil find the best native plants for supporting an entire ecosystem of moths, butterflies, and the many birds that eat caterpillars. (nwf.org)
- Fast Plants are a type of crucifer (a large group of plants that includes mustard, radish, cabbage, and more) that have been bred and selected to have a uniform, short flowering time (14 days) and grow well under in a small indoor space, with little soil, under artificial lights. (merlot.org)
- Plants have a wide range of soil tolerance including boggy soils. (google.com)
- If the plants you buy aren't already potted in indoor potting soil, you should re-pot them. (lifehacker.com)
- Additionally you should water plants deeply and thoroughly and then allow the soil to become fairly dry before watering again. (lifehacker.com)
- A tough plant "pioneer" that can grow in Martian soil. (nasa.gov)
- Also, the Martian soil is poor in the mineral nutrients necessary for plants to thrive. (nasa.gov)
- Get ready to soil your plants! (xbox.com)
- Earthworms, it has long been thought, benefit plants by recycling nutrients-leading to richer soil for the plants to grown in. (treehugger.com)
- Plants in the strictest sense include the liverworts , hornworts , mosses , and vascular plants , as well as fossil plants similar to these surviving groups (e.g. (wikipedia.org)
- The Late Silurian record of Cooksonia fossils of the Czech Republic seems to be the earliest unquestionable evidence of vascular plants. (britannica.com)
- There was a remarkable initiation of diverse types of vascular plants during the Devonian, and a varied flora was established early in the period. (britannica.com)
- However, the primitive nature of the stocks seen and the absence of a long earlier record, even of detrital fragments of vascular plants, suggest that the colonization and exploitation of land environments were real Devonian events. (britannica.com)
- Also included among the non-vascular plants is Chlorophyta , a kind of fresh-water algae. (infoplease.com)
Species of plants3
- A few species of plants, such as desert shrubs, use liquid wax as fats, according to Cyber Lipid. (ehow.com)
- [email protected] allows users to identify species of plants from pictures. (ajc.com)
- The region is populated with numerous species of plants and animals, many of which are endangered. (iucn.org)
- By one definition, plants form the clade Viridiplantae (Latin name for "green plants"), a group that includes the flowering plants , conifers and other gymnosperms , ferns and their allies , hornworts , liverworts , mosses and the green algae , but excludes the red and brown algae . (wikipedia.org)
- Plants in a strict sense include the green algae , and land plants that emerged within them, including stoneworts . (wikipedia.org)
- Green plants include all organisms commonly known as green algae and land plants, including liverworts, mosses, ferns and other nonseed plants, and seed plants. (tolweb.org)
- 1992). In this group are several thousand species of what are classically considered green algae, plus several hundred thousand land plants. (tolweb.org)
- The other lineage contains several groups of "green algae" that are more closely related to land plants. (tolweb.org)
- The other main lineage of green plants has been called the Streptophytes (Bremer, 1985), which consists of some organisms traditionally considered green algae plus the more familiar green plants found mostly on land. (tolweb.org)
- The crop production systems do not disregard important factors that influence plant development: temperature, humidity, light, carbon dioxide, water and nutrients. (prweb.com)
- Plants use sunlight to turn carbon dioxide from the air, and water into food. (ed.gov)
- Plant, (kingdom Plantae), any multicellular eukaryotic life-form characterized by (1) photosynthetic nutrition (a characteristic possessed by all plants except some parasitic plants and underground orchids), in which chemical energy is produced from water, minerals, and carbon dioxide with the aid. (britannica.com)
- Building a coal-fired power plant today is betting that we are not going to put a serious financial cost on emitting carbon dioxide," said Severin Borenstein, director of the Energy Institute at the University of California-Berkeley. (commondreams.org)
- Approval of the plants has come from state and federal agencies that do not factor in emissions of carbon dioxide, considered the leading culprit behind global warming. (commondreams.org)
- The new plants do not capture carbon dioxide. (commondreams.org)
- Plants also provide the oxygen humans and animals breathe, because plants use carbon dioxide for photosynthesis and release oxygen into the atmosphere. (infoplease.com)
- Angiosperms ( flowering plants ) were the original source of most plant medicines. (wikipedia.org)
- Flowering plants are found in most habitats, from deserts to polar regions, and include species of trees, shrubs, and herbs. (factmonster.com)
- There are some 250,000 species of flowering plants. (factmonster.com)
- Flowering plants are divided into two groups. (factmonster.com)
- If fertilization occurs in a flowering plant, a seed forms inside the flower's ovary. (factmonster.com)
- Caption: Genes control Flowering Development in Plants: Mendelian Genes Define the Commitment to Flowering- Understanding Plant Genes-The Cauliflower Gene-The "fruit-full" gene. (nsf.gov)
- Nonetheless, if you have coworkers with pollen allergies-and it's highly probable you do-you should either avoid flowering plants or snip off the flower buds as soon as they appear. (lifehacker.com)
- One gene, ShContig9483, exhibited high similarity to genes in sorghum and rice, yet no relation to genes from Striga hermonthica's own family of flowering plants (eudicots). (prweb.com)
- The majority of the 260,000 plant species are flowering herbs. (infoplease.com)
- Many native and exotic plants are poisonous to humans when ingested or if there is skin contact with plant chemicals. (cdc.gov)
- However, the most common problems with poisonous plants arise from contact with the sap oil of several native plants that cause an allergic skin reaction-poison ivy, poison oak, and poison sumac. (cdc.gov)
- Outdoor workers may be exposed to poisonous plants. (cdc.gov)
- Forestry workers and firefighters who battle forest fires are at additional risk because they could potentially develop rashes and lung irritation from contact with damaged or burning poisonous plants. (cdc.gov)
- Any person working outdoors is at risk of exposure to poisonous plants, such as poison ivy, poison oak, and poison sumac. (cdc.gov)
- Burning these poisonous plants produces smoke that, when inhaled, can cause lung irritation. (cdc.gov)
- These respirators should protect against exposure to burning poisonous plants, but will not protect against all possible combustion products in smoke, such as carbon monoxide. (cdc.gov)
- Africa is also home to a number of poisonous plants that can endanger both humans and livestock. (ehow.com)
- The bloutulp can be found in the central region of southern Africa, often in grazing lands where farmers and ranchers become concerned about their livestock eating this poisonous plant. (ehow.com)
- The category Poisonous plants includes plants that have parts or toxins that can be fatal or extreme irritants to humans. (wikimedia.org)
- EPA regulations adopted in December restrict coal plants' emission of mercury and other toxic chemicals, which have been found to be a significant health hazard. (latimes.com)
- Utilities across the country are building dozens of old-style coal plants that will cement the industry's standing as the largest industrial source of climate-changing gases for years to come. (commondreams.org)
- An Associated Press examination of U.S. Department of Energy records and information provided by utilities and trade groups shows that more than 30 traditional coal plants have been built since 2008 or are under construction. (commondreams.org)
- Hoping for a technological solution, the Obama administration devoted $3.4 billion in stimulus spending to foster "clean-coal" plants that can capture and store greenhouse gases. (commondreams.org)
- Yet new investments in traditional coal plants total at least 10 times that amount - more than $35 billion. (commondreams.org)
- Still, the price of coal plants is rising and consumers in some areas served by the new facilities will see their electricity bill rise by up to 30 percent. (commondreams.org)
- Experts say the widespread application of carbon-neutralizing technologies for coal plants remains at least 15 to 20 years away. (commondreams.org)
Attract butterflies and m2
- Enter your zip code to discover the best native plants, attract butterflies and moths, and support birds and other fauna. (nwf.org)
- This website will help you find the best native plants specifically for your area that attract butterflies and moths and the birds that feed on their caterpillars, based on the scientific research of Dr. Douglas Tallamy. (nwf.org)
- Humans have been using cannabis plants for medicinal and recreational purposes for thousands of years, but cannabinoids themselves were first purified from cannabis plants in the 1940s. (cancerresearchuk.org)
- Exotic plants that evolved in other parts of the world or were cultivated by humans into forms that don't exist in nature do not support wildlife as well as native plants. (nwf.org)
- While UV-A causes plants only a little harm, UV-B, which is a shorter wavelength, can damage plant tissue and in humans it can cause skin cancer. (prweb.com)
- FDA regulates the safety of food for humans and animals, including foods produced from genetically engineered (GE) plants. (fda.gov)
- le to eat humans thing, but what if you crossed a piranha plant with a human? (neatorama.com)
- Further, the phytochemical content and pharmacological actions, if any, of many plants having medicinal potential remain unassessed by rigorous scientific research to define efficacy and safety. (wikipedia.org)
- Plants HD delivers high-quality interactive content about plants and their lifecycle. (apple.com)
- This is a pure culture of bacteria isolated from a leafy gall of an ornamental plant. (umn.edu)
- It has adapted to many regions of the world and is often used as an ornamental plant in home landscapes. (ehow.com)
- Grown as an ornamental plant when used outdoors, this one is definitely not a top-shelf plant. (lifehacker.com)
- To determine the best plants for your site, you'll want to consider several factors, including your desired yield and ornamental qualities, along with your particular location's hardiness zone and available pollination (some plants need other plants nearby for pollination). (motherearthnews.com)
National forests and grasslands5
- "Caring for the land and serving people" , the mission of the U.S. Forest Service, means caring for rare plants and their habitats, and helping people learn about these special plants on our national forests and grasslands. (fed.us)
- Read about the many successes in restoring and recovering rare plants on our national forests and grasslands. (fed.us)
- Species descriptions of rare plants found on the national forests and grasslands. (fed.us)
- The Forest Service and its partners and volunteers have had many successes in restoring and recovering rare plants on our national forests and grasslands across the country. (fed.us)
- A great many of the rare plants that occur on the national forests and grasslands are best conserved by keeping their native habitats healthy. (fed.us)
- Periodic monitoring is essential to detecting the first signs of decline in rare plant populations and their habitats. (fed.us)
- Conservation of good quality habitat and maintenance of natural ecological processes in these habitats are our best hope for these substrate-specific rare plants. (fed.us)
- Too often, the introduction of invasive species into rare plant habitats has had substantial adverse effects on rare plants, their populations, and habitats. (fed.us)
- Still, when exotic worms enter non-native habitats, endemic plants may be unable to cope with the new predators. (treehugger.com)
- In 2007, a partnership was formed between Provincial Forestry Departments, traditional Chinese medicine authorities, WWF, TRAFFIC, and IUCN to address the degradation to habitats of medicinal plants in Upper Yangtze ecoregion, reduce the overexploitation of high valuable medicinal plant species in these habitats, and promote improved livelihoods for local people. (iucn.org)
- The plant has thin green and white leaves and can survive almost indefinitely in medium light as long as its roots are in water. (bbc.co.uk)
- Plants that require full sun do best right next to a window with excellent sun exposure, partial-sun plants can survive further from a window or by a window with weak sun exposure, and shade plants do well out of direct sunlight and even with nothing but light exposure from artificial light in your office. (lifehacker.com)
- Like customizing a car, NASA-funded scientists are designing plants that can survive the harsh conditions on Mars. (nasa.gov)
- The plants would probably be housed in a greenhouse on a Martian base, because no known forms of life can survive direct exposure to the Martian surface, with its extremely cold, thin air and sterilizing radiation. (nasa.gov)
- Our idea is to enable plants to survive on Mars by adding features from microscopic organisms called extremophiles that live in the most inhospitable environments on Earth," said Dr. Wendy Boss of North Carolina State University. (nasa.gov)
- Virtually all other living creatures depend on plants to survive. (infoplease.com)
- Because animals cannot get energy directly from the sun, they must eat plants (or other animals that have had a vegetarian meal) to survive. (infoplease.com)
- Grow these plants to survive an apocalypse! (treehugger.com)
- When danger of frost has passed (mid-May), repot the plant, set it outdoors in a lightly shaded place, feed it monthly with a liquid houseplant fertilizer. (washingtonpost.com)
- Some offices leave lights on at night for security reasons or for night staff-if your office is this way, make sure to give your plant extra water and occasional supplementation by fertilizer as it is essentially working 24/7. (lifehacker.com)
- Historically, plants were treated as one of two kingdoms including all living things that were not animals , and all algae and fungi were treated as plants. (wikipedia.org)
- Results will only show native plants that were historically present in your county, and may not show if county data does not exist. (nwf.org)
- For garden purposes, planting species historically native to adjacent counties is also acceptable, so feel free to search nearby zip codes for additional suggestions. (nwf.org)
- Green plants obtain most of their energy from sunlight via photosynthesis by primary chloroplasts that are derived from endosymbiosis with cyanobacteria . (wikipedia.org)
- When there is enough sunlight and water, the seed germinates (sprouts), and the embryo plant starts to grow. (factmonster.com)
- Plants are the only things on earth that turn sunlight into food. (ed.gov)
- Last month, 19 birds, 16 of them water fowl or marsh birds, were found dead at Desert Sunlight, a 550-megawatt photovoltaic plant about 50 miles east of Indio, Calif. The carcass of a Yuma clapper rail, a federally endangered, medium-sized marsh bird, was found at the project in May. (usatoday.com)
- Through photosynthesis , plants convert energy from sunlight into food stored as carbohydrates. (infoplease.com)
- The majority of this fat is found in the embryo and endosperm, which makes sense, since the endosperm is the food source of the plant embryo as it grows. (ehow.com)
- A male sex cell travels down the pollen tube and fertilizes the ovum (female sex cell) to produce an embryo plant. (factmonster.com)
- The seed consists of a tiny embryo plant, a food store for the embryo, and a protective coat. (factmonster.com)
- The first growth stage of an embryo plant from a seed is called germination. (factmonster.com)
- The formation of the root tissue depends firstly on the accumulation of the plant hormone auxin, which is channeled to the root founder cell by the embryo. (redorbit.com)
Cause an allergic1
- Red (660 nm) and infrared (730 nm) (also known as IR or far red) light: Intensifying the total of IR in relation with 660 nm red makes plants grow tall and thin. (prweb.com)
- Over 80% of the land and water used by humanity is to grow plants for food, fuel and building material. (weizmann.ac.il)
- Did the plants grow toward the light? (ed.gov)
- Not all seedlings take up the new gene, so the seedlings are placed on material that only allows the transformed plants to grow (large green seedling in the middle of the left image). (nasa.gov)
- This is happening with the plants like other well studied organisms. (physicsforums.com)
- However, these organisms are still often considered plants, particularly in popular contexts. (wikipedia.org)
- When the name Plantae or plant is applied to a specific group of organisms or taxon , it usually refers to one of four concepts. (wikipedia.org)
- Green plants as defined here includes a broad assemblage of photosynthetic organisms that all contain chlorophylls a and b, store their photosynthetic products as starch inside the double-membrane-bounded chloroplasts in which it is produced, and have cell walls made of cellulose (Raven et al. (tolweb.org)
- They also used their NIAC concept as an educational experience, giving undergraduate students at North Carolina State the challenge of selecting features from existing organisms that would be useful for Martian plants and designing ecosystems for Martian greenhouses. (nasa.gov)
- LUCKNOW, India (AP) - More than a million Indians planted 220 million trees on Friday in a government campaign to tackle climate change and improve the environment in the country's most populous state. (ap.org)
- We could have had the worst nuclear catastrophe this nation had ever experienced,' said Amy Ryder, who leads the campaign to permanently close the plant for environmental advocacy group Ohio Citizen Action . (wired.com)
- When it comes to attracting beautiful butterflies and birds to your yard or community, the best thing you can do is use native plants. (nwf.org)
- This tool focuses on butterflies and birds, but many other wildlife species also benefit when you plant natives. (nwf.org)
- No other online resource offers zip code specific lists of native plants ranked by the number of butterflies and moths that use them as caterpillar host plants. (nwf.org)
- Butterflies and moths are ranked by choosiness of their diet, indicating which may receive the greatest benefit by inclusion of their host plant in your garden. (nwf.org)
- 4. Click on any individual plant to find the species of butterflies and moths that use it as a host plant. (nwf.org)
- 5. Click "Find Butterflies" to get a list of butterfly and moth species in your area and what host plants their caterpillars use. (nwf.org)
- They are rearing endangered plants, animals and butterflies for release in the wild. (voanews.com)
- It is also the larval food plant of the Q ueen and Monarch butterflies. (google.com)
- It's an invasive plant in many parts of the world-a testament to its hardiness! (lifehacker.com)
- An invasive plant is taking over parts of Indiana, and the Department of Natural Resources is warning people to stay away from it as oil from the flowers can cause skin trauma and even blindness. (webpronews.com)
- Take the cold tolerance of bacteria that thrive in arctic ice, add the ultraviolet resistance of tomato plants growing high in the Andes mountains, and combine with an ordinary plant. (nasa.gov)
- The present work aimed to find out the antibacterial activity of Nymphaea nouchali flower on human and plant pathogenic bacteria. (biomedcentral.com)
- Green plants provide a substantial proportion of the world's molecular oxygen, and are the basis of most of Earth's ecosystems. (wikipedia.org)
- This Thursday, Sept. 27, 2012, photo, shows a Campbell Soup Co. factory in Sacromento, Calif. The world's largest soup maker said it will close Sacramento plant that has about 700 full-time workers. (yahoo.com)
- Light is a very important factor and researchers were able to determine exactly which wavelengths are the ones plants need for their growth. (prweb.com)
- These particular plant growth regulators are not applied to houseplants. (washingtonpost.com)
- or study the chemical, physical, biological, and mineralogical composition of soils as they relate to plant or crop growth. (bls.gov)
Birds in your2
- Enter your 5-digit zip code to use Audubon's native plants database and explore the best plants for birds in your area, as well as local resources and links to more information. (audubon.org)
- With Audubon's Native Plant Database , you can find the best plants for the birds in your area. (audubon.org)
- Discovering the native plants where you live can also define a unique sense of place and heritage for your garden habitat while preserving the natural history of the flora and fauna of your region. (nwf.org)
- Explore all of our native plant resources here, including our factsheets on creating a native plant garden and how it can save you money . (audubon.org)
- In addition to his many scientific publications, Doug has written Bringing Nature Home: How You Can Sustain Wildlife with Native Plants and co-authored The Living Landscape: Designing for Beauty and Biodiversity in the Home Garden . (nwf.org)
- Then click "My List" to create a profile and to save the specific plants that you want to make part of your wildlife-friendly garden. (nwf.org)
- for starting plants indoors or for planting out in the garden. (washingtonpost.com)
- iPflanzen claims to "accurately identify plants from the garden, park, forest or home. (ajc.com)
- Limestone, dolomite, or other carbonate rock substrates of the mountains of San Bernardino County, California are home to five listed plant species, including Cushenbury milk-vetch ( Astragalus albens ). (fed.us)
- The company said the California plant is expected to close by July 2013 and the New Jersey plant by March 2013. (yahoo.com)
- California solar power plants singeing bird feathers MOJAVE DESERT, Calif. - The picture is unsettling and disturbing. (usatoday.com)
- The largest solar thermal plant in the world, a Google-backed project in the California desert, is set to go online at the end of the year. (usatoday.com)
NATIVE PLANT FINDER2
- Share your success with the Plants for Birds sign for your yard. (audubon.org)