PLANTS, or their progeny, whose GENOME has been altered by GENETIC ENGINEERING.
Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)
Proteins found in plants (flowers, herbs, shrubs, trees, etc.). The concept does not include proteins found in vegetables for which VEGETABLE PROTEINS is available.
The usually underground portions of a plant that serve as support, store food, and through which water and mineral nutrients enter the plant. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982; Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)
The functional hereditary units of PLANTS.
Concentrated pharmaceutical preparations of plants obtained by removing active constituents with a suitable solvent, which is evaporated away, and adjusting the residue to a prescribed standard.
New immature growth of a plant including stem, leaves, tips of branches, and SEEDLINGS.
Plants whose roots, leaves, seeds, bark, or other constituent parts possess therapeutic, tonic, purgative, curative or other pharmacologic attributes, when administered to man or animals.
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of plants.
Processes orchestrated or driven by a plethora of genes, plant hormones, and inherent biological timing mechanisms facilitated by secondary molecules, which result in the systematic transformation of plants and plant parts, from one stage of maturity to another.
Plants or plant parts which are harmful to man or other animals.
Basic functional unit of plants.
Parts of plants that usually grow vertically upwards towards the light and support the leaves, buds, and reproductive structures. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)
The genetic complement of a plant (PLANTS) as represented in its DNA.
A plant genus of the family BRASSICACEAE that contains ARABIDOPSIS PROTEINS and MADS DOMAIN PROTEINS. The species A. thaliana is used for experiments in classical plant genetics as well as molecular genetic studies in plant physiology, biochemistry, and development.
An organism of the vegetable kingdom suitable by nature for use as a food, especially by human beings. Not all parts of any given plant are edible but all parts of edible plants have been known to figure as raw or cooked food: leaves, roots, tubers, stems, seeds, buds, fruits, and flowers. The most commonly edible parts of plants are FRUIT, usually sweet, fleshy, and succulent. Most edible plants are commonly cultivated for their nutritional value and are referred to as VEGETABLES.
The parts of plants, including SEEDS.
Any of the hormones produced naturally in plants and active in controlling growth and other functions. There are three primary classes: auxins, cytokinins, and gibberellins.
Proteins that originate from plants species belonging to the genus ARABIDOPSIS. The most intensely studied species of Arabidopsis, Arabidopsis thaliana, is commonly used in laboratory experiments.
The inherent or induced capacity of plants to withstand or ward off biological attack by pathogens.
A plant genus of the family SOLANACEAE. Members contain NICOTINE and other biologically active chemicals; its dried leaves are used for SMOKING.
A thin layer of cells forming the outer integument of seed plants and ferns. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Closable openings in the epidermis of plants on the underside of leaves. They allow the exchange of gases between the internal tissues of the plant and the outside atmosphere.
Members of the group of vascular plants which bear flowers. They are differentiated from GYMNOSPERMS by their production of seeds within a closed chamber (OVARY, PLANT). The Angiosperms division is composed of two classes, the monocotyledons (Liliopsida) and dicotyledons (Magnoliopsida). Angiosperms represent approximately 80% of all known living plants.
The encapsulated embryos of flowering plants. They are used as is or for animal feed because of the high content of concentrated nutrients like starches, proteins, and fats. Rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed are also produced for the oils (fats) they yield.
Poisoning by the ingestion of plants or its leaves, berries, roots or stalks. The manifestations in both humans and animals vary in severity from mild to life threatening. In animals, especially domestic animals, it is usually the result of ingesting moldy or fermented forage.
The loss of water vapor by plants to the atmosphere. It occurs mainly from the leaves through pores (stomata) whose primary function is gas exchange. The water is replaced by a continuous column of water moving upwards from the roots within the xylem vessels. (Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
A plant species of the family SOLANACEAE, native of South America, widely cultivated for their edible, fleshy, usually red fruit.
The reproductive organs of plants.
A localized proliferation of plant tissue forming a swelling or outgrowth, commonly with a characteristic shape and unlike any organ of the normal plant. Plant tumors or galls usually form in response to the action of a pathogen or a pest. (Holliday, P., A Dictionary of Plant Pathology, 1989, p330)
Complex nucleoprotein structures which contain the genomic DNA and are part of the CELL NUCLEUS of PLANTS.
The above-ground plant without the roots.
The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.
Material prepared from plants.
A plant species of the family POACEAE. It is a tall grass grown for its EDIBLE GRAIN, corn, used as food and animal FODDER.
Very young plant after GERMINATION of SEEDS.
The act of feeding on plants by animals.
Units that convert some other form of energy into electrical energy.
Total mass of all the organisms of a given type and/or in a given area. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990) It includes the yield of vegetative mass produced from any given crop.
The large family of plants characterized by pods. Some are edible and some cause LATHYRISM or FAVISM and other forms of poisoning. Other species yield useful materials like gums from ACACIA and various LECTINS like PHYTOHEMAGGLUTININS from PHASEOLUS. Many of them harbor NITROGEN FIXATION bacteria on their roots. Many but not all species of "beans" belong to this family.
Sugar-rich liquid produced in plant glands called nectaries. It is either produced in flowers or other plant structures, providing a source of attraction for pollinating insects and animals, as well as being a nutrient source to animal mutualists which provide protection of plants against herbivores.
Eighteen-carbon cyclopentyl polyunsaturated fatty acids derived from ALPHA-LINOLENIC ACID via an oxidative pathway analogous to the EICOSANOIDS in animals. Biosynthesis is inhibited by SALICYLATES. A key member, jasmonic acid of PLANTS, plays a similar role to ARACHIDONIC ACID in animals.
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
The outer layer of the woody parts of plants.
The relationship between two different species of organisms that are interdependent; each gains benefits from the other or a relationship between different species where both of the organisms in question benefit from the presence of the other.
The synthesis by organisms of organic chemical compounds, especially carbohydrates, from carbon dioxide using energy obtained from light rather than from the oxidation of chemical compounds. Photosynthesis comprises two separate processes: the light reactions and the dark reactions. In higher plants; GREEN ALGAE; and CYANOBACTERIA; NADPH and ATP formed by the light reactions drive the dark reactions which result in the fixation of carbon dioxide. (from Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 2001)
Physiological functions characteristic of plants.
A group of alicyclic hydrocarbons with the general formula R-C5H9.
Acetic acid derivatives of the heterocyclic compound indole. (Merck Index, 11th ed)
A plant species of the genus SOLANUM, family SOLANACEAE. The starchy roots are used as food. SOLANINE is found in green parts.
The unconsolidated mineral or organic matter on the surface of the earth that serves as a natural medium for the growth of land plants.
Systems of medicine based on cultural beliefs and practices handed down from generation to generation. The concept includes mystical and magical rituals (SPIRITUAL THERAPIES); PHYTOTHERAPY; and other treatments which may not be explained by modern medicine.
Substances released by PLANTS such as PLANT GUMS and PLANT RESINS.
A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
A compound obtained from the bark of the white willow and wintergreen leaves. It has bacteriostatic, fungicidal, and keratolytic actions.
Knobbed structures formed from and attached to plant roots, especially of LEGUMES, which result from symbiotic infection by nitrogen fixing bacteria such as RHIZOBIUM or FRANKIA. Root nodules are structures related to MYCORRHIZAE formed by symbiotic associations with fungi.
Protein or glycoprotein substances of plant origin that bind to sugar moieties in cell walls or membranes. Some carbohydrate-metabolizing proteins (ENZYMES) from PLANTS also bind to carbohydrates, however they are not considered lectins. Many plant lectins change the physiology of the membrane of BLOOD CELLS to cause agglutination, mitosis, or other biochemical changes. They may play a role in plant defense mechanisms.
The reproductive cells of plants.
Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.
Symbiotic combination (dual organism) of the MYCELIUM of FUNGI with the roots of plants (PLANT ROOTS). The roots of almost all higher plants exhibit this mutually beneficial relationship, whereby the fungus supplies water and mineral salts to the plant, and the plant supplies CARBOHYDRATES to the fungus. There are two major types of mycorrhizae: ectomycorrhizae and endomycorrhizae.
Use of plants or herbs to treat diseases or to alleviate pain.
A large family of narrow-leaved herbaceous grasses of the order Cyperales, subclass Commelinidae, class Liliopsida (monocotyledons). Food grains (EDIBLE GRAIN) come from members of this family. RHINITIS, ALLERGIC, SEASONAL can be induced by POLLEN of many of the grasses.
Plant cell inclusion bodies that contain the photosynthetic pigment CHLOROPHYLL, which is associated with the membrane of THYLAKOIDS. Chloroplasts occur in cells of leaves and young stems of plants. They are also found in some forms of PHYTOPLANKTON such as HAPTOPHYTA; DINOFLAGELLATES; DIATOMS; and CRYPTOPHYTA.
The failure of PLANTS to complete fertilization and obtain seed (SEEDS) as a result of defective POLLEN or ovules, or other aberrations. (Dict. of Plant Genet. and Mol. Biol., 1998)
The fertilizing element of plants that contains the male GAMETOPHYTES.
A plant genus of the family Cruciferae. It contains many species and cultivars used as food including cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, Brussel sprouts, kale, collard greens, MUSTARD PLANT; (B. alba, B. junica, and B. nigra), turnips (BRASSICA NAPUS) and rapeseed (BRASSICA RAPA).
The initial stages of the growth of SEEDS into a SEEDLINGS. The embryonic shoot (plumule) and embryonic PLANT ROOTS (radicle) emerge and grow upwards and downwards respectively. Food reserves for germination come from endosperm tissue within the seed and/or from the seed leaves (COTYLEDON). (Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)
A large plant family of the order Asterales, subclass Asteridae, class Magnoliopsida. The family is also known as Compositae. Flower petals are joined near the base and stamens alternate with the corolla lobes. The common name of "daisy" refers to several genera of this family including Aster; CHRYSANTHEMUM; RUDBECKIA; TANACETUM.
The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
Oils derived from plants or plant products.
The arrangement of two or more amino acid or base sequences from an organism or organisms in such a way as to align areas of the sequences sharing common properties. The degree of relatedness or homology between the sequences is predicted computationally or statistically based on weights assigned to the elements aligned between the sequences. This in turn can serve as a potential indicator of the genetic relatedness between the organisms.
Prolonged dry periods in natural climate cycle. They are slow-onset phenomena caused by rainfall deficit combined with other predisposing factors.
The study of the origin, structure, development, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of plants.
A kingdom of eukaryotic, heterotrophic organisms that live parasitically as saprobes, including MUSHROOMS; YEASTS; smuts, molds, etc. They reproduce either sexually or asexually, and have life cycles that range from simple to complex. Filamentous fungi, commonly known as molds, refer to those that grow as multicellular colonies.
A variable annual leguminous vine (Pisum sativum) that is cultivated for its rounded smooth or wrinkled edible protein-rich seeds, the seed of the pea, and the immature pods with their included seeds. (From Webster's New Collegiate Dictionary, 1973)
The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.
A plant genus of the family POACEAE that is the source of EDIBLE GRAIN. A hybrid with rye (SECALE CEREALE) is called TRITICALE. The seed is ground into FLOUR and used to make BREAD, and is the source of WHEAT GERM AGGLUTININS.
Abscission-accelerating plant growth substance isolated from young cotton fruit, leaves of sycamore, birch, and other plants, and from potatoes, lemons, avocados, and other fruits.
A class of organic compounds known as STEROLS or STEROIDS derived from plants.
An element with the atomic symbol N, atomic number 7, and atomic weight [14.00643; 14.00728]. Nitrogen exists as a diatomic gas and makes up about 78% of the earth's atmosphere by volume. It is a constituent of proteins and nucleic acids and found in all living cells.
A plant genus of the family POACEAE. The EDIBLE GRAIN, barley, is widely used as food.
A species of gram-negative, fluorescent, phytopathogenic bacteria in the genus PSEUDOMONAS. It is differentiated into approximately 50 pathovars with different plant pathogenicities and host specificities.
A class of plants within the Bryophyta comprising the mosses, which are found in both damp (including freshwater) and drier situations. Mosses possess erect or prostrate leafless stems, which give rise to leafless stalks bearing capsules. Spores formed in the capsules are released and grow to produce new plants. (Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990). Many small plants bearing the name moss are in fact not mosses. The "moss" found on the north side of trees is actually a green alga (CHLOROPHYTA). Irish moss is really a red alga (RHODOPHYTA). Beard lichen (beard moss), Iceland moss, oak moss, and reindeer moss are actually LICHENS. Spanish moss is a common name for both LICHENS and an air plant (TILLANDSIA usneoides) of the pineapple family. Club moss is an evergreen herb of the family LYCOPODIACEAE.
That portion of the electromagnetic spectrum in the visible, ultraviolet, and infrared range.
The capacity of an organism to defend itself against pathological processes or the agents of those processes. This most often involves innate immunity whereby the organism responds to pathogens in a generic way. The term disease resistance is used most frequently when referring to plants.
The protoplasm and plasma membrane of plant, fungal, bacterial or archaeon cells without the CELL WALL.
The process of cumulative change at the level of DNA; RNA; and PROTEINS, over successive generations.
Porphyrin derivatives containing magnesium that act to convert light energy in photosynthetic organisms.
A group of plant cells that are capable of dividing infinitely and whose main function is the production of new growth at the growing tip of a root or stem. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)
An annual legume. The SEEDS of this plant are edible and used to produce a variety of SOY FOODS.
A species of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria isolated from soil and the stems, leafs, and roots of plants. Some biotypes are pathogenic and cause the formation of PLANT TUMORS in a wide variety of higher plants. The species is a major research tool in biotechnology.
Self-replicating cytoplasmic organelles of plant and algal cells that contain pigments and may synthesize and accumulate various substances. PLASTID GENOMES are used in phylogenetic studies.
A family (Aphididae) of small insects, in the suborder Sternorrhyncha, that suck the juices of plants. Important genera include Schizaphis and Myzus. The latter is known to carry more than 100 virus diseases between plants.
A genus of gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that activate PLANT ROOT NODULATION in leguminous plants. Members of this genus are nitrogen-fixing and common soil inhabitants.
Woody, usually tall, perennial higher plants (Angiosperms, Gymnosperms, and some Pterophyta) having usually a main stem and numerous branches.
Change brought about to an organisms genetic composition by unidirectional transfer (TRANSFECTION; TRANSDUCTION, GENETIC; CONJUGATION, GENETIC, etc.) and incorporation of foreign DNA into prokaryotic or eukaryotic cells by recombination of part or all of that DNA into the cell's genome.
Organic compounds that have a relatively high VAPOR PRESSURE at room temperature.
A creeping annual plant species of the CUCURBITACEAE family. It has a rough succulent, trailing stem and hairy leaves with three to five pointed lobes.
Plant hormones that promote the separation of daughter cells after mitotic division of a parent cell. Frequently they are purine derivatives.
A technique for growing plants in culture solutions rather than in soil. The roots are immersed in an aerated solution containing the correct proportions of essential mineral salts. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)
Any of several BRASSICA species that are commonly called mustard. Brassica alba is white mustard, B. juncea is brown or Chinese mustard, and B. nigra is black, brown, or red mustard. The plant is grown both for mustard seed from which oil is extracted or used as SPICES, and for its greens used as VEGETABLES or ANIMAL FEED. There is no relationship to MUSTARD COMPOUNDS.
The unfavorable effect of environmental factors (stressors) on the physiological functions of an organism. Prolonged unresolved physiological stress can affect HOMEOSTASIS of the organism, and may lead to damaging or pathological conditions.
A large order of insects characterized by having the mouth parts adapted to piercing or sucking. It is comprised of four suborders: HETEROPTERA, Auchenorrhyncha, Sternorrhyncha, and Coleorrhyncha.
A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
An endosymbiont that is either a bacterium or fungus living part of its life in a plant. Endophytes can benefit host plants by preventing pathogenic organisms from colonizing them.
The variety of all native living organisms and their various forms and interrelationships.
A plant family of the order Solanales, subclass Asteridae. Among the most important are POTATOES; TOMATOES; CAPSICUM (green and red peppers); TOBACCO; and BELLADONNA.
The non-genetic biological changes of an organism in response to challenges in its ENVIRONMENT.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
A set of genes descended by duplication and variation from some ancestral gene. Such genes may be clustered together on the same chromosome or dispersed on different chromosomes. Examples of multigene families include those that encode the hemoglobins, immunoglobulins, histocompatibility antigens, actins, tubulins, keratins, collagens, heat shock proteins, salivary glue proteins, chorion proteins, cuticle proteins, yolk proteins, and phaseolins, as well as histones, ribosomal RNA, and transfer RNA genes. The latter three are examples of reiterated genes, where hundreds of identical genes are present in a tandem array. (King & Stanfield, A Dictionary of Genetics, 4th ed)
A division of the plant kingdom. Bryophyta contains the subdivision, Musci, which contains the classes: Andreaeopsida, BRYOPSIDA, and SPHAGNOPSIDA.
Seedless nonflowering plants of the class Filicinae. They reproduce by spores that appear as dots on the underside of feathery fronds. In earlier classifications the Pteridophyta included the club mosses, horsetails, ferns, and various fossil groups. In more recent classifications, pteridophytes and spermatophytes (seed-bearing plants) are classified in the Subkingdom Tracheobionta (also known as Tracheophyta).
The physical distribution of plants in various forms and stages of development through time and space.
A phylum of fungi which have cross-walls or septa in the mycelium. The perfect state is characterized by the formation of a saclike cell (ascus) containing ascospores. Most pathogenic fungi with a known perfect state belong to this phylum.
Single-stranded complementary DNA synthesized from an RNA template by the action of RNA-dependent DNA polymerase. cDNA (i.e., complementary DNA, not circular DNA, not C-DNA) is used in a variety of molecular cloning experiments as well as serving as a specific hybridization probe.
Plant tissue that carries water up the root and stem. Xylem cell walls derive most of their strength from LIGNIN. The vessels are similar to PHLOEM sieve tubes but lack companion cells and do not have perforated sides and pores.
A class of plant growth hormone isolated from cultures of Gibberella fujikuroi, a fungus causing Bakanae disease in rice. There are many different members of the family as well as mixtures of multiple members; all are diterpenoid acids based on the gibberellane skeleton.
A plant species of the family FABACEAE widely cultivated for ANIMAL FEED.
Gymnosperms are a group of vascular plants whose seeds are not enclosed by a ripened ovary (fruit), in contrast to ANGIOSPERMS whose seeds are surrounded by an ovary wall. The seeds of many gymnosperms (literally, "naked seed") are borne in cones and are not visible. Taxonomists now recognize four distinct divisions of extant gymnospermous plants (CONIFEROPHYTA; CYCADOPHYTA; GINKGOPHYTA; and GNETOPHYTA).
Facilities that convert NUCLEAR ENERGY into electrical energy.
The fleshy or dry ripened ovary of a plant, enclosing the seed or seeds.
The outermost layer of a cell in most PLANTS; BACTERIA; FUNGI; and ALGAE. The cell wall is usually a rigid structure that lies external to the CELL MEMBRANE, and provides a protective barrier against physical or chemical agents.
A plant genus of the family Plantaginaceae. The small plants usually have a dense tuft of basal leaves and long, leafless stalks bearing a terminal spike of small flowers. The seeds, known as PSYLLIUM, swell in water and are used as laxatives. The leaves have been used medicinally.
A system of traditional medicine which is based on the beliefs and practices of the African peoples. It includes treatment by medicinal plants and other materia medica as well as by the ministrations of diviners, medicine men, witch doctors, and sorcerers.
A plant genus in the family LILIACEAE (sometimes placed in Asparagaceae) that contains ECDYSTEROIDS and is an ingredient of Siotone. The shoots are used as a vegetable and the roots are used in FOLK MEDICINE.
A part of the embryo in a seed plant. The number of cotyledons is an important feature in classifying plants. In seeds without an endosperm, they store food which is used in germination. In some plants, they emerge above the soil surface and become the first photosynthetic leaves. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)
The mint plant family. They are characteristically aromatic, and many of them are cultivated for their oils. Most have square stems, opposite leaves, and two-lipped, open-mouthed, tubular corollas (united petals), with five-lobed, bell-like calyxes (united sepals).
The study of the actions and properties of medicinal agents, often derived from PLANTS, indigenous to populations or ETHNIC GROUPS.
The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in the soil. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms.
A test used to determine whether or not complementation (compensation in the form of dominance) will occur in a cell with a given mutant phenotype when another mutant genome, encoding the same mutant phenotype, is introduced into that cell.
A plant genus of the family CUCURBITACEAE, order Violales, subclass Dilleniidae, which includes pumpkin, gourd and squash.
A genus herbs of the Asteraceae family. The SEEDS yield oil and are used as food and animal feed; the roots of Helianthus tuberosus (Jerusalem artichoke) are edible.
The region of the stem beneath the stalks of the seed leaves (cotyledons) and directly above the young root of the embryo plant. It grows rapidly in seedlings showing epigeal germination and lifts the cotyledons above the soil surface. In this region (the transition zone) the arrangement of vascular bundles in the root changes to that of the stem. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)
The intracellular transfer of information (biological activation/inhibition) through a signal pathway. In each signal transduction system, an activation/inhibition signal from a biologically active molecule (hormone, neurotransmitter) is mediated via the coupling of a receptor/enzyme to a second messenger system or to an ion channel. Signal transduction plays an important role in activating cellular functions, cell differentiation, and cell proliferation. Examples of signal transduction systems are the GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID-postsynaptic receptor-calcium ion channel system, the receptor-mediated T-cell activation pathway, and the receptor-mediated activation of phospholipases. Those coupled to membrane depolarization or intracellular release of calcium include the receptor-mediated activation of cytotoxic functions in granulocytes and the synaptic potentiation of protein kinase activation. Some signal transduction pathways may be part of larger signal transduction pathways; for example, protein kinase activation is part of the platelet activation signal pathway.
A genus of gram negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria found in soil, plants, and marine mud.
A plant genus in the family FABACEAE which is the source of edible beans and the lectin PHYTOHEMAGGLUTININS.
A genus of PLANT VIRUSES, in the family CAULIMOVIRIDAE, that are transmitted by APHIDS in a semipersistent manner. Aphid-borne transmission of some caulimoviruses requires certain virus-coded proteins termed transmission factors.
A plant species of the family BRASSICACEAE best known for the edible roots.
A plant species of the family FABACEAE used to study GENETICS because it is DIPLOID, self fertile, has a small genome, and short generation time.
The relationship between an invertebrate and another organism (the host), one of which lives at the expense of the other. Traditionally excluded from definition of parasites are pathogenic BACTERIA; FUNGI; VIRUSES; and PLANTS; though they may live parasitically.
The interactions between a host and a pathogen, usually resulting in disease.
A nonmetallic element with atomic symbol C, atomic number 6, and atomic weight [12.0096; 12.0116]. It may occur as several different allotropes including DIAMOND; CHARCOAL; and GRAPHITE; and as SOOT from incompletely burned fuel.
A mitosporic Leotiales fungal genus of plant pathogens. It has teleomorphs in the genus Botryotina.
Higher plants that live primarily in terrestrial habitats, although some are secondarily aquatic. Most obtain their energy from PHOTOSYNTHESIS. They comprise the vascular and non-vascular plants.
Any of the various plants of the genus Lactuca, especially L. sativa, cultivated for its edible leaves. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)
Eukaryotes in the group STRAMENOPILES, formerly considered FUNGI, whose exact taxonomic level is unsettled. Many consider Oomycetes (Oomycota) a phylum in the kingdom Stramenopila, or alternatively, as Pseudofungi in the phylum Heterokonta of the kingdom Chromista. They are morphologically similar to fungi but have no close phylogenetic relationship to them. Oomycetes are found in both fresh and salt water as well as in terrestrial environments. (Alexopoulos et al., Introductory Mycology, 4th ed, pp683-4). They produce flagellated, actively motile spores (zoospores) that are pathogenic to many crop plants and FISHES.
Short sequences (generally about 10 base pairs) of DNA that are complementary to sequences of messenger RNA and allow reverse transcriptases to start copying the adjacent sequences of mRNA. Primers are used extensively in genetic and molecular biology techniques.
A family of sterols commonly found in plants and plant oils. Alpha-, beta-, and gamma-isomers have been characterized.
Adaptation to a new environment or to a change in the old.
A plant species of the family APIACEAE that is widely cultivated for the edible yellow-orange root. The plant has finely divided leaves and flat clusters of small white flowers.
The determination of the pattern of genes expressed at the level of GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION, under specific circumstances or in a specific cell.
The spurge family of flowering plants, in the order Euphorbiales, contains some 7,500 species in 275 genera. The family consists of annual and perennial herbs and woody shrubs or trees.
The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.
Non-native organisms brought into a region, habitat, or ECOSYSTEM by human activity.
The total process by which organisms produce offspring. (Stedman, 25th ed)
The gourd plant family of the order Violales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida. It is sometimes placed in its own order, Cucurbitales. 'Melon' generally refers to CUCUMIS; CITRULLUS; or MOMORDICA.
Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.
Plant proteins that mediate LIGHT SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION. They are involved in PHOTOTROPISM and other light adaption responses during plant growth and development . They include the phototropins, phytochromes (PHYTOCHROME), and members of the ubiquitous cryptochrome family.
A plant genus of the family LAMIACEAE best known for the thyme spice added to foods.
A mitosporic Hypocreales fungal genus, various species of which are important parasitic pathogens of plants and a variety of vertebrates. Teleomorphs include GIBBERELLA.
A group of FLAVONOIDS derived from FLAVONOLS, which lack the ketone oxygen at the 4-position. They are glycosylated versions of cyanidin, pelargonidin or delphinidin. The conjugated bonds result in blue, red, and purple colors in flowers of plants.
A plant genus of the family POACEAE. The grain is used for FOOD and for ANIMAL FEED. This should not be confused with KAFFIR LIME or with KEFIR milk product.
Pesticides used to destroy unwanted vegetation, especially various types of weeds, grasses (POACEAE), and woody plants. Some plants develop HERBICIDE RESISTANCE.
Cellular processes in biosynthesis (anabolism) and degradation (catabolism) of CARBOHYDRATES.
Proteins found in any species of bacterium.
A sequence of amino acids in a polypeptide or of nucleotides in DNA or RNA that is similar across multiple species. A known set of conserved sequences is represented by a CONSENSUS SEQUENCE. AMINO ACID MOTIFS are often composed of conserved sequences.
A plant family of the order Arales, subclass Arecidae, class Liliopsida (monocot). Many members contain OXALIC ACID and calcium oxalate (OXALATES).
The process in certain BACTERIA; FUNGI; and CYANOBACTERIA converting free atmospheric NITROGEN to biologically usable forms of nitrogen, such as AMMONIA; NITRATES; and amino compounds.
A plant genus of the family ROSACEAE known for the edible fruit.
A carboxy-lyase that plays a key role in photosynthetic carbon assimilation in the CALVIN-BENSON CYCLE by catalyzing the formation of 3-phosphoglycerate from ribulose 1,5-biphosphate and CARBON DIOXIDE. It can also utilize OXYGEN as a substrate to catalyze the synthesis of 2-phosphoglycolate and 3-phosphoglycerate in a process referred to as photorespiration.
Substituted thioglucosides. They are found in rapeseed (Brassica campestris) products and related cruciferae. They are metabolized to a variety of toxic products which are most likely the cause of hepatocytic necrosis in animals and humans.
The most abundant natural aromatic organic polymer found in all vascular plants. Lignin together with cellulose and hemicellulose are the major cell wall components of the fibers of all wood and grass species. Lignin is composed of coniferyl, p-coumaryl, and sinapyl alcohols in varying ratios in different plant species. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
INSECTS of the order Coleoptera, containing over 350,000 species in 150 families. They possess hard bodies and their mouthparts are adapted for chewing.
The process of germ cell development in plants, from the primordial PLANT GERM CELLS to the mature haploid PLANT GAMETES.
Mutagenesis where the mutation is caused by the introduction of foreign DNA sequences into a gene or extragenic sequence. This may occur spontaneously in vivo or be experimentally induced in vivo or in vitro. Proviral DNA insertions into or adjacent to a cellular proto-oncogene can interrupt GENETIC TRANSLATION of the coding sequences or interfere with recognition of regulatory elements and cause unregulated expression of the proto-oncogene resulting in tumor formation.
Flammable, amorphous, vegetable products of secretion or disintegration, usually formed in special cavities of plants. They are generally insoluble in water and soluble in alcohol, carbon tetrachloride, ether, or volatile oils. They are fusible and have a conchoidal fracture. They are the oxidation or polymerization products of the terpenes, and are mixtures of aromatic acids and esters. Most are soft and sticky, but harden after exposure to cold. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed & Dorland, 28th ed)
A phylum of fungi that produce their sexual spores (basidiospores) on the outside of the basidium. It includes forms commonly known as mushrooms, boletes, puffballs, earthstars, stinkhorns, bird's-nest fungi, jelly fungi, bracket or shelf fungi, and rust and smut fungi.
Degree of saltiness, which is largely the OSMOLAR CONCENTRATION of SODIUM CHLORIDE plus any other SALTS present. It is an ecological factor of considerable importance, influencing the types of organisms that live in an ENVIRONMENT.
The absence of light.
Interruption or suppression of the expression of a gene at transcriptional or translational levels.
A ubiquitous sodium salt that is commonly used to season food.
High molecular weight polysaccharides present in the cell walls of all plants. Pectins cement cell walls together. They are used as emulsifiers and stabilizers in the food industry. They have been tried for a variety of therapeutic uses including as antidiarrheals, where they are now generally considered ineffective, and in the treatment of hypercholesterolemia.
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of bacteria.
One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.
RNA sequences that serve as templates for protein synthesis. Bacterial mRNAs are generally primary transcripts in that they do not require post-transcriptional processing. Eukaryotic mRNA is synthesized in the nucleus and must be exported to the cytoplasm for translation. Most eukaryotic mRNAs have a sequence of polyadenylic acid at the 3' end, referred to as the poly(A) tail. The function of this tail is not known for certain, but it may play a role in the export of mature mRNA from the nucleus as well as in helping stabilize some mRNA molecules by retarding their degradation in the cytoplasm.
A plant species of the genus VICIA, family FABACEAE. The edible beans are well known but they cause FAVISM in some individuals with GLUCOSEPHOSPHATE DEHYDROGENASE DEFICIENCY. This plant contains vicine, convicine, Vicia lectins, unknown seed protein, AAP2 transport protein, and Vicia faba DNA-binding protein 1.
Large and highly vacuolated cells possessing many chloroplasts occuring in the interior cross-section of leaves, juxtaposed between the epidermal layers.
The external elements and conditions which surround, influence, and affect the life and development of an organism or population.
A blue-green biliprotein widely distributed in the plant kingdom.
A plant family of the order Selaginellales, class Lycopodiopsida, division Lycopodiophyta, subkingdom Tracheobionta. Members contain bilobetin. The rarely used common name of resurrection plant is mainly used with CRATEROSTIGMA.
Endogenous substances, usually proteins, which are effective in the initiation, stimulation, or termination of the genetic transcription process.
A monocot family within the order Liliales. This family is divided by some botanists into other families such as Convallariaceae, Hyacinthaceae and Amaryllidaceae. Amaryllidaceae, which have inferior ovaries, includes CRINUM; GALANTHUS; LYCORIS; and NARCISSUS and are known for AMARYLLIDACEAE ALKALOIDS.
Substances or mixtures that are added to the soil to supply nutrients or to make available nutrients already present in the soil, in order to increase plant growth and productivity.
The ability of organisms to sense and adapt to high concentrations of salt in their growth environment.
Partial cDNA (DNA, COMPLEMENTARY) sequences that are unique to the cDNAs from which they were derived.
Recombinant proteins produced by the GENETIC TRANSLATION of fused genes formed by the combination of NUCLEIC ACID REGULATORY SEQUENCES of one or more genes with the protein coding sequences of one or more genes.
Directed modification of the gene complement of a living organism by such techniques as altering the DNA, substituting genetic material by means of a virus, transplanting whole nuclei, transplanting cell hybrids, etc.
A plant genus of the family RUTACEAE. They bear the familiar citrus fruits including oranges, grapefruit, lemons, and limes. There are many hybrids which makes the nomenclature confusing.
A cluster of FLOWERS (as opposed to a solitary flower) arranged on a main stem of a plant.
Substances found in PLANTS that have antigenic activity.

Gene silencing: plants and viruses fight it out. (1/10536)

Plants can become 'immune' to attack by viruses by degrading specific viral RNA, but some plant viruses have evolved the general capacity to suppress this resistance mechanism.  (+info)

Contact dermatitis in Alstroemeria workers. (2/10536)

Hand dermatitis is common in workers in the horticultural industry. This study determined the prevalence of hand dermatitis in workers of Alstroemeria cultivation, investigated how many workers had been sensitized by tulipalin A (the allergen in Alstroemeria) and took stock of a wide range of determinants of hand dermatitis. The 12-month period prevalence of major hand dermatitis amounted to 29.5% whereas 7.4% had minor dermatitis. Of these workers, 52.1% were sensitized for tulipalin A. Several personal and work-related determinants played a role in the multifactorial aetiology of hand dermatitis. Factors which showed a significant relationship with major hand dermatitis were: female sex, atopic dermatitis, chapped hands and the frequency of washing hands. It may be concluded that the Alstroemeria workers are a population at risk of developing contact dermatitis and it might be useful to carry out an educational campaign to lower the high prevalence.  (+info)

A family of S-methylmethionine-dependent thiol/selenol methyltransferases. Role in selenium tolerance and evolutionary relation. (3/10536)

Several plant species can tolerate high concentrations of selenium in the environment, and they accumulate organoselenium compounds. One of these compounds is Se-methylselenocysteine, synthesized by a number of species from the genus Astragalus (Fabaceae), like A. bisulcatus. An enzyme has been previously isolated from this organism that catalyzes methyl transfer from S-adenosylmethionine to selenocysteine. To elucidate the role of the enzyme in selenium tolerance, the cDNA coding for selenocysteine methyltransferase from A. bisulcatus was cloned and sequenced. Data base searches revealed the existence of several apparent homologs of hitherto unassigned function. The gene for one of them, yagD from Escherichia coli, was cloned, and the protein was overproduced and purified. A functional analysis showed that the YagD protein catalyzes methylation of homocysteine, selenohomocysteine, and selenocysteine with S-adenosylmethionine and S-methylmethionine as methyl group donors. S-Methylmethionine was now shown to be also the physiological methyl group donor for the A. bisulcatus selenocysteine methyltransferase. A model system was set up in E. coli which demonstrated that expression of the plant and, although to a much lesser degree, of the bacterial methyltransferase gene increases selenium tolerance and strongly reduces unspecific selenium incorporation into proteins, provided that S-methylmethionine is present in the medium. It is postulated that the selenocysteine methyltransferase under selective pressure developed from an S-methylmethionine-dependent thiol/selenol methyltransferase.  (+info)

The preprophase band: possible involvement in the formation of the cell wall. (4/10536)

Numerous vesicles were observed among the microtubules of the "preprophase" band in prophase cells from root tips of Allium cepa. The content of these vesicles looks similar to the matrix of adjacent cell walls, and these vesicles often appear to be involved in exocytosis. In addition, the cell walls perpendicular to the plane of (beneath) the preprophase band are often differentially thickened compared to the walls lying parallel to the plane of the band. Our interpretation of these observations is that the preprophase band may direct or channel vesicles containing precursors of the cell wall to localized regions of wall synthesis. The incorporation of constituents of the cell wall into a narrow region defined by the position of the preprophase band may be a mechanism that ensures unidirecitonal growth of meristematic cells.  (+info)

Kocuria palustris sp. nov. and Kocuria rhizophila sp. nov., isolated from the rhizoplane of the narrow-leaved cattail (Typha angustifolia). (5/10536)

Two Gram-positive, aerobic spherical actinobacteria were isolated from the rhizoplane of narrow-leaved cattail (Typha angustifolia) collected from a floating mat in the Soroksar tributary of the Danube river, Hungary. Sequence comparisons of the 16S rDNA indicated these isolates to be phylogenetic neighbours of members of the genus Kocuria, family Micrococcaceae, in which they represent two novel lineages. The phylogenetic distinctness of the two organisms TA68T and TAGA27T was supported by DNA-DNA similarity values of less than 55% between each other and with the type strains of Kocuria rosea, Kocuria kristinae and Kocuria varians. Chemotaxonomic properties supported the placement of the two isolates in the genus Kocuria. The diagnostic diamino acid of the cell-wall peptidoglycan is lysine, the interpeptide bridge is composed of three alanine residues. Predominant menaquinone was MK-7(H2). The fatty acid pattern represents the straight-chain saturated iso-anteiso type. Main fatty acid was anteiso-C15:0. The phospholipids are diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol and an unknown component. The DNA base composition of strains TA68T and TAGA27T is 69.4 and 69.6 mol% G+C, respectively. Genotypic, morphological and physiological characteristics are used to describe two new species of Kocuria, for which we propose the names Kocuria palustris, type strain DSM 11925T and Kocuria rhizophila, type strain DSM 11926T.  (+info)

Kodamaea nitidulidarum, Candida restingae and Kodamaea anthophila, three new related yeast species from ephemeral flowers. (6/10536)

Three new yeast species were discovered during studies of yeasts associated with ephemeral flowers in Brazil, Australia and Hawaii. Their physiological and morphological similarity to Kodamaea (Pichia) ohmeri suggested a possible relationship to that species, which was confirmed by rDNA sequencing. Kodamaea nitidulidarum and Candida restingae were found in cactus flowers and associated nitidulid beetles in sand dune ecosystems (restinga) of South-eastern Brazil. Over 350 strains of Kodamaea anthophila were isolated from Hibiscus and morning glory flowers (Ipomoea spp.) in Australia, and from associated nitidulid beetles and Drosophila hibisci. A single isolate came from a beach morning glory in Hawaii. Expansion of the genus Kodamaea to three species modified the existing definition of the genus only slightly. The type and isotype strains are as follows: K. nitidulidarum strains UFMG96-272T (h+; CBS 8491T) and UFMG96-394I (h-; CBS 8492I); Candida restingae UFMG96-276T (CBS 8493T); K. anthophila strains UWO(PS)95-602.1T (h+; CBS 8494T), UWO(PS)91-893.2I (h-; CBS 8495I) and UWO(PS)95-725.1I (h-; CBS 8496I).  (+info)

The origin and evolution of green algal and plant actins. (7/10536)

The Viridiplantae are subdivided into two groups: the Chlorophyta, which includes the Chlorophyceae, Trebouxiophyceae, Ulvophyceae, and Prasinophyceae; and the Streptophyta, which includes the Charophyceae and all land plants. Within the Streptophyta, the actin genes of the angiosperms diverge nearly simultaneously from each other before the separation of monocots and dicots. Previous evolutionary analyses have provided limited insights into the gene duplications that have produced these complex gene families. We address the origin and diversification of land plant actin genes by studying the phylogeny of actins within the green algae, ferns, and fern allies. Partial genomic sequences or cDNAs encoding actin were characterized from Cosmarium botrytis (Zygnematales), Selaginella apoda (Selaginellales), Anemia phyllitidis (Polypodiales), and Psilotum triquetrum (Psilotales). Selaginella contains at least two actin genes. One sequence (Ac2) diverges within a group of fern sequences that also includes the Psilotum Ac1 actin gene and one gymnosperm sequence (Cycas revoluta Cyc3). This clade is positioned outside of the angiosperm actin gene radiation. The second Selaginella sequence (Ac1) is the sister to all remaining land plant actin sequences, although the internal branches in this portion of the tree are very short. Use of complete actin-coding regions in phylogenetic analyses provides support for the separation of angiosperm actins into two classes. N-terminal "signature" sequence analyses support these groupings. One class (VEG) includes actin genes that are often expressed in vegetative structures. The second class (REP) includes actin genes that trace their ancestry within the vegetative actins and contains members that are largely expressed in reproductive structures. Analysis of intron positions within actin genes shows that sequences from both Selaginella and Cosmarium contain the conserved 20-3, 152-1, and 356-3 introns found in many members of the Streptophyta. In addition, the Cosmarium actin gene contains a novel intron at position 76-1.  (+info)

Characterization of an insertion sequence element associated with genetically diverse plant pathogenic Streptomyces spp. (8/10536)

Streptomycetes are common soil inhabitants, yet few described species are plant pathogens. While the pathogenicity mechanisms remain unclear, previous work identified a gene, nec1, which encodes a putative pathogenicity or virulence factor. nec1 and a neighboring transposase pseudogene, ORFtnp, are conserved among unrelated plant pathogens and absent from nonpathogens. The atypical GC content of nec1 suggests that it was acquired through horizontal transfer events. Our investigation of the genetic organization of regions adjacent to the 3' end of nec1 in Streptomyces scabies 84.34 identified a new insertion sequence (IS) element, IS1629, with homology to other IS elements from prokaryotic animal pathogens. IS1629 is 1,462 bp with 26-bp terminal inverted repeats and encodes a putative 431-amino-acid (aa) transposase. Transposition of IS1629 generates a 10-bp target site duplication. A 77-nucleotide (nt) sequence encompassing the start codon and upstream region of the transposase was identified which could function in the posttranscritpional regulation of transposase synthesis. A functional copy of IS1629 from S. turgidiscabies 94.09 (Hi-C-13) was selected in the transposon trap pCZA126, through its insertion into the lambda cI857 repressor. IS1629 is present in multiple copies in some S. scabies strains and is present in all S. acidiscabies and S. turgidiscabies strains examined. A second copy of IS1629 was identified between ORFtnp and nec1 in S. acidiscabies strains. The diversity of IS1629 hybridization profiles was greatest within S. scabies. IS1629 was absent from the 27 nonpathogenic Streptomyces strains tested. The genetic organization and nucleotide sequence of the nec1-IS1629 region was conserved and identical among representatives of S. acidiscabies and S. turgidiscabies. These findings support our current model for the unidirectional transfer of the ORFtnp-nec1-IS1629 locus from IS1629-containing S. scabies (type II) to S. acidiscabies and S. turgidiscabies.  (+info)

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Stimulation of cultured plant cells with elicitors of the defense response leads to the rapid destruction of a variety of water-soluble compounds including indoleacetic acid and certain fluorescent dyes. This destructive activity, which is often vigorously manifested within 5 minutes of elicitor addition, is shown to derive from the rapid production of H2O2 and its use by extracellular peroxidases. Because of its speed of appearance, this oxidative burst may qualify as the first induced line of defense against invading pathogens. Since H2O2 has been implicated as a second messenger of hormone-stimulated metabolic changes in some animal cells, its possible role in transduction of the defense signal in plants was also examined. Not only did exogenous H2O2 alone stimulate phytoalexin production in the plant cell suspension, but inhibition of elicitor-stimulated phytoalexin production was observed upon addition of catalase and other inhibitors of the oxidative burst. Furthermore, for inhibition to ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Development of a simple non-freezing method to preserve cultured plant cells. AU - Takahashi, Junzo. AU - Nakajima, Hiroki. AU - Sonomoto, Kenji. AU - Sato, Fumihiko. AU - Ichimura, Kunihiro. AU - Yamada, Yasuyuki. AU - Tanaka, Atsuo. PY - 1991. Y1 - 1991. N2 - A simple procedure to preserve suspended or immobilized plant cell culture (Lavandula vera and Nicotiana tabacum) has been developed. L. vera cells were stored under dark and cool (4°C) conditions n sealed glass bottles. When medium was removed from the system with the immobilized cells, enhanced viability after long-term preservation was obtained. The cells were able to grow successfully after storage for 30 d, and incubation for only 10 d after storage was enough to recover the oxygen uptake activity to the level of that of the original cells. L. vera cells retained the ability to synthesize blue pigments, specific secondary metabolites of the cells, even after storage. Entrapment in calcium alginate beads was effective ...
A protein kinase (EC which phosphorylates histones was purified partially from the soluble fractions of cultured plant cells. The optimum pH was 7.5 to 9.0. The activity wasnot stimulated by exogeneous cyclic AMP. It was thermolabile and completely dependent on the presence more ...
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Read cDNA cloning and heterologous expression of coniferin β-glucosidase, Plant Molecular Biology on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
Read Evolutionary divergence of LFY function in the mustards Arabidopsis thaliana and Leavenworthia crassa, Plant Molecular Biology on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
Subject: MARATEA 97: MORE INFORMATION Please note that registration information is given below: the registration deadline is 10 March, 1997. The NATO Advanced Study Institute on Plant Molecular Biology Cellular Integration of Signaling Pathways in Plant Development will be held at the seaside resort of Maratea, Italy from 20-30 May, 1997. This ASI is being organized by Natasha Raikhel (East Lansing), Fiorella Lo Schiavo (Padua), Giorgio Morelli (Rome), and Robert Last (Ithaca). The aim of this course is to bring together scientists studying the plant cell from different perspectives: biochemical, cell biological, genetic, and molecular. The overall goal is to highlight recent advances and to evaluate cross-disciplinary and emerging approaches for dissection of plant cell function at the molecular level. We are planning a small meeting with a format that should encourage information exchange. Each day will have a different theme, which will be developed throughout the day. Most days will begin ...
Brussels, 02 Jun 2006 Academic and industry scientists from Europe are invited to contribute to a survey on current and future collaborative research in plant science, commissioned by the European Technology Platform Plants for the Future. The surveys broad scope covers technology development, basic and applied plant research in molecular biology, biotechnology, genomics and bioinformatics through to population biology, ecology and environmental science. Plants for the Future believes that the surveys outcome will be of great importance for determining both the socio-economic relevance of plant research, and how prepared plant scientists are to conduct breakthrough research that will enhance European competitiveness. The Technology Platforms Strategic Research Agenda (SRA) formulates a set of long-term objectives for European plant research, reviewed through national consultation. Comparison of the feedback from this survey with the SRA template will identify areas of relative strength and ...
This volume is developed on the broad theme of plant-associated bacteria. It is envisioned as a resource volume for researchers working with beneficial and harmful groups of bacteria associated with c
Regulation of Source-Sink Communication under Abiotic Stress. Communication between source organs and sink organs has an essential role in the carbohydrate assimilation and partitoning during plant growth and development and is a crucial factor for the plant productivity. The balance of source production and sink utilization of carbon is coordinated through a complex signalling network involving hormones, sugar and environment cues and regulate developmental and stress response processes. These signalling pathways determine the direction of nutrient flow and metabolic pathways. Insight into the molecular basis for regulation of source-sink communication may provide strategies for genetic manipulation of source sink nutrient allocation and improved crop productivity.. ...
KEY MESSAGE: Transcription factor MYB59 is involved in plant growth and stress responses by acting as negative regulator of Ca signalling and homeostasis. The Arabidopsis thaliana transcription factor MYB59 is induced by cadmium (Cd) and plays a key role in the regulation of cell cycle progression and root elongation, but its mechanism of action is poorly understood. We investigated the expression ...
A system which consists of a loading chamber unit, displacement sensor, data collector and processor, and a feedback control, was established for applying mechanical forces to single plant cells. The method works by compressing an agar cell-suspension block between parallel surfaces through using a force-feedback control circuit coupled to a microchip, delivering the pre-defined. The actual controlled stimulus is achieved whilst measuring the force being imposed on the cell, and its deformation. TheArabidopsisprotoplasts were utilized to test the system. It provides an experimental approach to investigate the mechanoresponses of plant cellsin vitroconditions.
Tiwari, K. K., Singh, A., Pattnaik, S.S., Sandhu, M.M., Kaur, S., Jain, S., Tiwari, S., Mehrotra, S., Anumalla, M., Samal,R. Bhardwaj, J., Dubey, N., Sahu, V., Kharshing, G.A., Zeliang, P.K., Srinivasan, K., Kumar, P., Parida, S.K., Mithra, S.V.A., Rai, V., Tyagi, W., Agarwal, P.K., Rao, A.R., Pattanayak, A., Chandel, G., Singh, A.K., Bisht, I.S., Bhat, K.V., Rao, G. J. N., Khurana, J.P., Singh, N.K., & Mohapatra, T. (2015). Identification of a diverse mini‐core panel of Indian rice germplasm based on genotyping using microsatellite markers. Plant Breeding, 134(2), 164-171. ...
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Bernier, G. (1988). The control of floral evocation and morphogenesis, Annual Review of Plant Physiology, 39, 175-219. Coen, E.S. (1991). The role of homeotic genes in flower development and evolution, Annual Review of Plant Physiology and Plant Molecular Biology, 42, 241-279. Crane, E. and Walker, P.
Affiliation:独立行政法人国立科学博物館,植物研究部,研究員, Research Field:Biodiversity/Systematics,Plant molecular biology/Plant physiology,Evolutionary biology,Evolutionary biology,Ecology/Environment, Keywords:進化,共生,カンアオイ,遺伝子機能解析,次世代DNAシーケンサー,トランスクリプトーム解析,絶滅危惧植物,植物,周縁分化,遺伝子発現, # of Research Projects:7, # of Research Products:64, Ongoing Project:送粉共生が駆動した花香多様化の分子基盤:迅速アッセイ系を用いた実験的解明
Affiliation:岡山大学,自然科学研究科,教授, Research Field:植物生理学,Plant molecular biology/Plant physiology,植物生理,植物生理・分子,Functional biochemistry, Keywords:光合成,光化学系II,プロテアーゼ,D1タンパク質,活性酸素,光阻害,光ストレス,Photosynthesis,葉緑体,熱ストレス, # of Research Projects:15, # of Research Products:41
(1996) Nishida, Murata. Annual Review of Plant Physiology and Plant Molecular Biology. ? Abstract? The contribution of membrane lipids, particularly the level of unsaturation of fatty acids, to chilling sensitivity of plants has been intensively discussed for many years. We have demo...
Director Education-Rani Lakshmi Bai Central Agricultural University, Jhansi, INDIA - Cited by 3,201 - Plant Molecular & Cell Biology - Functional Genomics - Immunodiagnostic applications in Agriculture - Host-Pathogen Interaction
Hi, Do You know about some interresting plant molecular biology conferences, meetings, courses running from now till may 1996? Best regards Marcin Filipecki ...
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Within the Basel life science program, the Department of Environmental Sciences offers a comprehensive 1.5 year Masters course in Plant Science for graduates with a background in biology (B Sc in biology or equivalent). The cornerstone of this course is an individual research project in one of the areas of plant science of about one year duration. The project ends with a written Masters thesis. The practical part is complemented by lectures, seminars, and excursions. The course builds upon the strength of the Department in the areas of physiological plant ecology, plant-microbe interactions, ecosystem sciences and sustainable land use. The program benefits greatly from the leadership of the Zurich-Basel Plant Science Center, a network integrating more than 600 scientists interested in plant science.
TY - GEN. T1 - Building an environment to facilitate discoveries for plant sciences. AU - Lenards, Andrew. AU - Merchant, Nirav C. AU - Stanzione, Dan. PY - 2011. Y1 - 2011. N2 - The iPlant Collaborative is an NSF-funded cyberinfrastructure (CI) effort directed towards the plant sciences community. This paper enumerates the key concepts, middleware, tools, and extensions that create the unique capabilities of the iPlant Discovery Environment (DE) that provide access to our CI. The DE is a rich web-based application that brings flexible CI capabilities to a wide audience affiliated with the plant sciences, from computational biologists, bioinformaticians, applications developers, to bench biologists. The inherent interdisciplinary nature of plant sciences research produces diverse and complex data products that range from molecular sequences to satellite imagery as part of the discovery life cycle. With the constant creation of novel analysis algorithms, the advent and spread of large data ...
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are recently discovered small non-coding RNAs that play pivotal roles in gene expression, specifically at the post-transcriptional level in plants and animals. Identification of miRNAs in large number of diverse plant species is important to understand the evolution of miRNAs and miRNA-targeted gene regulations. Now-a-days, publicly available databases play a central role in the in-silico biology. Because, at least ~21 miRNA families are conserved in higher plants, a homology based search using these databases can help identify orthologs or paralogs in plants. We searched all publicly available nucleotide databases of genome survey sequences (GSS), high-throughput genomics sequences (HTGS), expressed sequenced tags (ESTs) and nonredundant (NR) nucleotides and identified 682 miRNAs in 155 diverse plant species. We found more than 15 conserved miRNA families in 11 plant species, 10 to14 families in 10 plant species and 5 to 9 families in 29 plant species. Nineteen conserved miRNA
Find Latest Updates on Plant Science Conferences and Plant Biology Conferences happening in USA, Europe, Asia, Canada, Australia and Spain 2018. Trends in Plant Science, Frontier of Plant Science
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Legumes, such as pea, chickpea, lupin and soybean, are of fundamental importance for agricultural systems providing sustainable pasture production and cereal rotation capabilities together with high quality products such as vegetable oils, protein and nutriceuticals (antioxidants, phytoestrogens and folate). Our main objective is to understand control of shoot apical meristem (SAM) differentiation. Meristem provides a…
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Group Directors: PROF Prem BHALLA Professor of Plant Biotechnology Faculty of Veterinary & Agricultural Sciences Agriculture and Food Systems Further Information PROF Mohan SINGH Professor of Agri-Food Biotechnology Faculty of Veterinary & Agricultural Sciences Agriculture and Food Systems Further Information Post-doctorial Research Fellows: Dr. Marta CIFUENTES [email protected] Dr. Agnieszka GOLICZ [email protected] Dr. Paul KNIGHT [email protected]
Principal Investigator:YOSHINAGA Koichi, Project Period (FY):1997 - 1999, Research Category:Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (A), Section:一般, Research Field:系統・分類
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Garciniaatroviridis is the scientific name of a tropical plant found in the forests of Southeast Asia. As with most other herbal supplements, the commercial
Synonyms for American sycamore in Free Thesaurus. Antonyms for American sycamore. 3 synonyms for American sycamore: American plane, buttonwood, Platanus occidentalis. What are synonyms for American sycamore?
Insect herbivores that have more than one generation per year and reproduce on different host plants are confronted with substantial seasonal variation in the volatile blends emitted by their hosts. O
Statement: Plant science offers solutions to the current challenges of climate crisis, food security, and biodiversity decline for sustainable agriculture
IBG-2 is a partner of the 2nd phase of the Excellence cluster CEPLAS - Cluster of Excellence on Plant Sciences of the universities Düsseldorf and Cologne. more: DFG Excellence cluster CEPLAS … ...
Inspire your students by using plant science in practical biology lessons with this free online CPD course for teachers from The National STEM Learning Centre.
Find and compare a variety of plant science industry downloads on on the worlds largest agricultural portal. View product and services catalogs, brochures, case studies, company news and more. Contact providers to request ...
But the canopy size did affect perennial plants more than ephemeral plants. With the perennial plants, there was a positive ... This harshness could reduce competition in plant communities and the overall performance of plants. The nurse plant in this ... nurse plants provide shaded microhabitats for the survival of several other plant species. In the Sonoran Desert, nurse plants ... arvense and the abundance and diversity of plant assemblages growing within cushion plants, or cushions. Cushion plants are ...
... (originally Ebrook, Ebrooke or East Brook) is a stream in Erdington and Sutton Coldfield, Birmingham, England. It ... Up until 1967, the Wylde Green Road was crossed by a ford formed by Plants Brook. Alongside this, John Vesey, Bishop of Exeter ... houses of interest at Wylde Green crossing of Plants Brook, A. F. Fentiman Plantsbrook Local Nature Reserve ...
"Ten years of AoB PLANTS the open access journal for plant scientists: inception and progress since 2009". AoB Plants. 11 (3): ... AoB Plants has two sister journals, Annals of Botany, a subscription-based general botanical journal and in silico Plants, an ... Official website AoB Plants at SCImago Journal Rank AoB Plants at Botanical Scientific Journals (Use dmy dates from April 2022 ... AoB Plants (AoBP) is a peer-reviewed open-access, non-profit scientific journal established in 2009 and publishing on all ...
... were an American doo wop quartet, based in Baltimore, Maryland, United States, and formed in 1955. James Lawson ( ...
... are various flowers or vegetation from garden plants associated with the festive season of Christmas. There ... Traditional decorative Christmas plants include holly, mistletoe, and poinsettias. Other plants, like Jerusalem cherry, English ... Christmas Bell is one name given to Sandersonia ssp, A genus of South African plants. Decorative plants for Christmas ... In the southern part of the state decorative plants may also include citrus plants, eucalyptus, magnolias, and poinsettias. In ...
The first part discusses the nature of plant life, sex in plants, the parts of plants, the structure of plants, the ... the material of plants, the effects of external conditions and climate on plants, water plants, rock plants, effects of ... On Plants describes the nature and origins of plants. The work is divided into two parts. ... classification of plants, the composition and products of plants, the methods of propagation and fertilization of plants, and ...
Xenia (also known as the Xenia effect) in plants is the effect of pollen on seeds and fruit of the fertilized plant. The effect ... The endosperm tissue, which makes up most of the bulk of a maize seed, is not produced by the mother plant, but is the product ... Male-fertile non-GM plants must then be grown with the GM crop to ensure pollination. In some cases, a xenia effect due to the ... For example, in two plant species whose fruit ripen asynchronously (Vaccinium corymbosum and Amelanchier arborea) the fruit ...
... are imitations of natural plants used for commercial or residential decoration. They are sometimes made for ... Artificial plants vary widely from mass-produced varieties that are distinguishable from real plants by casual observation to ... Artificial roses Artificial leaf display Rose-shaped candle Artificial fern Fake tree and ground plants in an indoor display A ... Thousands of 40-foot containers of polyester flowers and plants are exported to many countries every year.[citation needed] ...
"Biosphere: N-Plants". Pitchfork. "Dusted Reviews: Biosphere - N-Plants". "BIOSPHERE , N-Plants , Music, CD review". "Archived ... Each track title is named after a Japanese nuclear plant. Geir Jenssen about N-Plants: Early February 2011: Decided to make an ... N-Plants is an ambient album by Norwegian producer Geir Jenssen, a.k.a. Biosphere. For this album, Jenssen found inspiration in ... sic] A photo of Mihama made me narrow down my focus only to Japanese nuclear plants. I wanted to make a soundtrack to some of ...
Susceptibility to edema varies by plant species but almost any broad-leaved plant can be affected. In severely affected plants ... The disorder is not infectious and if edema is the only problem, then the plants are safe to handle and the parts of the plant ... is a disorder in plants caused by the build-up of water in plant tissues faster than the leaves can transpire. The excess fluid ... "Edema in plants:", Retrieved 2022-02-14. "A Keen Eye Can Help You Spot Edema On Your Vegetables: growingproduce. ...
Plant medicines can be dangerous during pregnancy. Since plants may contain many different substances, plant extracts may have ... including but not limited to plants); perhaps some two billion people are largely reliant on medicinal plants. The use of plant ... Plant-based laxatives made from such plants include senna, rhubarb and Aloe. The cardiac glycosides are powerful drugs from ... Angiosperms (flowering plants) were the original source of most plant medicines. Human settlements are often surrounded by ...
This means that often stressed plants will exhibit less cold tolerance than plants that have been well maintained. Plants may ... Plants by adaptation, Agricultural terminology, Crops, Garden plants, Horticulture, Plant ecology, Trees by climate, Climate ... Part of the work of nursery growers of plants consists of cold hardening, or hardening off their plants, to prepare them for ... Wind not only causes mechanical stress, but also makes the plant colder and dryer. Plants may evolutionally adapt to wind by ...
List of root vegetables List of vegetables Edible seaweed List of domesticated plants Medicinal plants List of plants used in ... Edible plants include: List of culinary fruits List of culinary herbs and spices List of culinary nuts List of edible cacti ... v t e (Lists of species lists, Edible plants, All stub articles, Food stubs). ... List of edible flowers List of edible seeds List of forageable plants (edible plants commonly found in the wild) List of leaf ...
... is a monthly peer-reviewed online-only scientific journal covering all aspects of plants and plant biology. It ... "Nature Plants". 2020 Journal Citation Reports. Web of Science (Science ed.). Clarivate Analytics. 2021. Official website v t e ...
... manages a loyalty scheme called the Plants Plus Loyalty Club. For an annual fee, members are sent a quarterly ... The Plants Plus motto was "Knowledge. Advice. Quality". In 1995, John Danks & Son acquired the Plants Plus brand and the Retail ... Plants Plus member nurseries stock a range of plants, gardening equipment, fertilisers and related garden products. The size of ... There are 75 Plants Plus member nurseries across Australia. Plants Plus Website (Use dmy dates from November 2019, ...
In 2016 Motovilikha Plants joined NPO Splav, a Rostec company. It is named after the former town of Motovilikha, where it's ... The plant was established in 1736, when Empress Anna ordered the establishment of a smelter to produce steel for the nearby ... The plant launched the first steamship in the Urals, in 1871, and the first steam locomotive the following year. In 1893, ... PJSC Motovilikha Plants / Motovilikhinskiye Zavody PAO (MOTZ.MM) (Russian: Мотовилихинские заводы; MCX: MOTZ) is a Russian ...
The cushion plant growth habit is linked with drainage and the plant's ability to redirect water flow due to its growth pattern ... Surrounding plants species have adapted to not only benefit, but rely on these conditions the cushion plants provide to survive ... "Facilitative plant interactions and climate simultaneously drive alpine plant diversity". Ecology Letters. 17 (2): 193-202. doi ... The term cushion plant refers to a characteristic growth habit adopted by various species from a range of families to adapt to ...
Plants was elected as a Republican to the Thirty-ninth and Fortieth Congresses (March 4, 1865 - March 3, 1869). He was not a ... "Tobias A. Plants (id: P000376)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Smith, Joseph P, ed. (1898). History of ... Tobias Avery Plants (March 17, 1811 - June 19, 1887) was an American lawyer, newspaperman, and politician who served two terms ... Born at Sewickley, Pennsylvania, Plants apprenticed to a saddler at the age of twelve. He received a limited common school ...
... was officially released on May 5, 2009, for PC and Mac. As of 2013, Plants Vs Zombies, refraining from a $ ... It also had a gameplay feature in which the player had a limited amount of plants and had to grow more plants at an in-game ... The game featured new locations and plants along with the addition of plant food, a power-up that can be used to enhance a ... On April 22, 2009, PopCap released an official game trailer of Plants vs. Zombies on YouTube. During the promotion of Plants vs ...
... is a major work on carnivorous plants by American botanist Francis Ernest Lloyd. It was first published ... The Carnivorous Plants. Chronica Botanica Company, Waltham. Formats and editions of The Carnivorous Plants. WorldCat. Matzke, E ... Lloyd's book was the most important scientific work on carnivorous plants since Charles Darwin's Insectivorous Plants of 1875. ... The Curious World of Carnivorous Plants. Timber Press, Portland. Digitized version at the Internet Archive (Carnivorous plant ...
Krasnoyarsk Combine Harvester Plant, JSC Kraslesmash, JSC Kurganmashzavod, JSC Lipetsk Caterpillar Tractor Plant, Ltd. Onezhsky ... Concern Tractor Plants. "Management Team - Concern Tractor Plants". Retrieved November 29, 2014. "Ростех выведет «Тракторные ... Companies of the holding: Altai Motor Plant, JSC Vladimir Motor and Tractor Plant, Ltd. Volgograd Machine Building Company, Ltd ... "Company Profile". Concern Tractor Plants. Retrieved 2009-07-14. "Tractor Plants Listed on Frankfurt Bourse". Information agency ...
... is an official partner journal of the Society for Ecological Restoration. The Native Plants Journal was ... Native Plants Journal is a peer-reviewed scientific journal established to disperse "practical information about planting and ... International Plant Propagators' Society. Annual meeting. ISHS. 2013. p. 238. "Native Plants Journal". Project MUSE. "Partner ... "From the Editor". Native Plants Journal. 11 (3). Fall 2010. Official website Native Plant Network v t e (Articles with short ...
The following Fast Plants life stage descriptions align with plants grown in ideal conditions. Wisconsin Fast Plants grown in ... When plants are brown, dry, and brittle, seeds can be harvested and stored or planted. Inside each seed is a tiny embryo, ... Wisconsin Fast Plants were developed in accordance with an ideotype for an ideal model organism to be used in expediting plant ... Wisconsin Fast Plants and other Rapid-Cycling Brassicas were selected through conventional plant breeding to be a tool that ...
Versuch die Metamorphose der Pflanzen zu erklären, known in English as Metamorphosis of Plants, was published by German poet ... In this work, Goethe essentially discovered the (serially) homologous nature of leaf organs in plants, from cotyledons, to ... Goethean science Phyllody Teratology Metamorphosis of Plants (poem) in English Versuch die Metamorphose der Pflanzen zu ... Erklären (Gotha, 1790) The Metamorphosis of Plants, by Zemplén Gábor (Wikipedia articles needing clarification from January ...
Most plants receive nutrients from the soil by their roots, but these plants have poor root systems and have adapted to receive ... these plants are to catching insects (p. 3). Darwin knew that these plants flourish in nitrogen-limited environments, growing ... Insectivorous Plant Society "Darwin Online: Insectivorous Plants". The Complete Works of Charles Darwin Online. Retrieved 2009- ... Part of a series of works by Darwin related to his theory of natural selection, the book is a study of carnivorous plants with ...
Eesti Power Plant (Eesti Elektrijaam) and Balti Power Plant (Balti Elektrijaam). In 2007, Narva Power Plants generated about 95 ... The Balti Power Plant is the sole supplier of thermal power for the district heating system of Narva. The Balti Power Plant is ... Eesti Power Plant has two 250 metres (820 ft) tall flue-gas stacks, which are the tallest in Estonia. In 2014 Eesti Power Plant ... Estonian power plant among Europe's top polluters "Alstom signs €950m contract for new power plant in Estonia". Industrial ...
This is an index of some of the lists of plants. Lists of cultivars List of garden plants Lists of plant species List of plants ... of extinct plants List of plants used in herbalism List of plants in the Bible List of plants known as nettle List of plants ... List of plants of Malaysia List of plants of the Amazon rainforest List of plants from the mountains of Romania List of plants ... known as oil palm List of plants poisonous to equines List of poisonous plants By taxonomic classification List of brown algal ...
... is a group of eukaryotes proposed by Burki et al. (2008). It includes: Plants Hacrobia (the "HC" refers to ...
Oasis plant growth unit, began 1971 aboard the Salyut 1. Plant Signaling (STS-135), began July 2011 aboard the ISS. Plant ... retrieved 26 June 2022 Wikimedia Commons has media related to Plants in space. Plants in space projects STS-118 Plant Growth ... The growth of plants in outer space has elicited much scientific interest. In the late 20th and early 21st century, plants were ... Plants can metabolize carbon dioxide in the air to produce valuable oxygen, and can help control cabin humidity. Growing plants ...
... official website Plants and Animals at CBC Radio 3 Media related to Plants and Animals at Wikimedia Commons ... Plants and Animals' self-titled EP was released in 2003 via Ships at Night Records. In the fall of 2007, Plants and Animals ... Jessica Lewis, "Plants and Animals: La La Land". Exclaim!, April 19, 2010. Alex Hudson, "Plants and Animals Roll Out Canadian ... Brock Thiessen, "Plants and Animals Share New B-Sides EP". Exclaim!, November 29, 2016. Calum Slingerland, "Plants and Animals ...
Many native and exotic plants are poisonous to humans when ingested or if there is skin contact with plant chemicals. ... Many plants are poisonous to humans when ingested or through skin contact with plant chemicals. The most common problems with ... NIOSH Fast Facts: Protecting Yourself from Poisonous Plants. Print or order this free card for easy access to important safety ... Several plants native to the United States can cause an allergic skin reaction. These include poison ivy, poison oak, and ...
... innovative approaches and tools to use native plants and preserve natural landscapes. ... Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center focused on protecting and preserving North Americas native plants through native plant ... Find Plants. Welcome to the latest edition of the Native Plants Database where you can explore the wealth of native plants in ... Plant Database Resources. Complete Species List - An alphabetized list of all species in the native plant database.. Data ...
These include ten Regional Plant Protection Organizations (RPPOs) and the National Plant Protection Organizations (NPPOs). ... How Saint Lucias PCE put data collection at the heart of plant health. ... Technical Panel on Diagnostic Protocols advances its work on plant pest diagnosis. ...
Production at the Ohio plant was to begin in August, with the Tennessee plant expected to open in late 2023 and the Michigan ... This is in addition to battery plants that are already in operation. Of the 13 new plants, eight are joint ventures between ... At Blue Oval City, a six-square-mile site an hours drive from Memphis, an assembly plant is being built to produce Fords new ... VW has reportedly invested more than $800 million to prepare its Chattanooga plant for the local assembly of the ID.4 SUV in ...
The majority of these plants are grown outside, even in winter, so they are always ready for planting. ... For each plant you select, please grab a tag, take a picture of the sign, or write down the botanical name and variety. ... Sandys Plants. PLEASE NOTE: We only sell perennials at our nursery in Mechanicsville, VA. This is NOT an online store. ... Explore our website and Plant Finder to see which perennials are right for you. Bring a list of favorites with you when you ...
Are you telling me High Times doesnt have a picture of a healthy cannabis plant to use? The plant pictured looks like it came ... Go visit any farm associated with the "Future Cannabis Project" and you can get your fill of healthy plant picture for your ... Home Marijuana News Thailand to Give Away 1 Million Free Cannabis Plants for Home Cultivation ... Thailand to Give Away 1 Million Free Cannabis Plants for Home Cultivation. Thailand residents may also grow "as many cannabis ...
Harden off plants easier with one of these DIY cold frames in your garden. ... Protect New Plants with This Clever Hack. How to Harden Off New or Overwintered Plants. Plant Perennials in 4 Simple Steps ... 7 Easy Plants to Start from Seed. Helpful Products for Vegetable Gardening. Easy Herbs to Grow. Why You Should Have a Garden ... If you dont have the time or patience to shuttle plants in and out of the house, let them get acclimated to the sun and wind ...
Meet the best new healthy plant-based foods that taste great. These winning products were crowned by Eat This, Not That! ... Best healthy plant-based cheese: Good Foods Plant-Based Queso Dip. *Best healthy plant-based dessert: SAMBAZON Blueberry Açaí ... Best healthy plant-based burger: Nabati Foods Plant-based Chickn Burger. *Best healthy plant-based breakfast: Folded JUST Egg ... FYI: Nabati Foods also sells other plant-based items, such as cheese, eggs, fish burgers, plant-based grounds, and dairy-free ...
Fake plants that look legit. We hope that one day, people wont bat an eye when our hyperreal, artificial pot plants are on ... Bought this plant for my daughter and she was delighted with it. It is the best looking faux pot plant available anywhere! ... All plants are carefully packaged with no assembly required. The box only signifies that there is a plant inside, but not which ... We are just another plant company. Your billing statement will show your purchase from the Plant Shop. ...
Plant-based veggie burgers have hit the big time. How nutritious are they? Find out how the Impossible Burger compares with ... The Plant-Based Impossible Burger. Since launching in 2016, the Impossible Burger has rocketed to fame, with a demand so high ... How a plant-based diet can boost your health One of the most powerful steps you can take to improve your health, boost energy ... Become a plant-based home chef in 90 days The Forks Cooking Course includes 55 hours of content you can complete at your own ...
Grow These Native Plants So Your Backyard Birds Can Feast Native Plants Native plants beat even the best bird feeder. Heres ... Bring birds to your home today by growing native plants. With Audubons Native Plant Database, you can find the best plants for ... Native Plants Make your yard or patio a safe haven for birds in the face of climate change. Native plants provide ideal habitat ... Why Native Plants Are Better for Birds and People Native Plants Bird-friendly landscaping provides food, saves water, and ...
Here are 20 of the best indoor plants for every environment and skill level, recommended by plant experts. ... The best low-maintenance indoor plants include the peace lily, snake plant, cast iron plant, pothos, air plants and ... Best Indoor Plants For Small Spaces: Snake Plant, African Violet. *Best Indoor Plants For Pet Owners: Birds Nest Fern, Pilea ... Indoor Plants FAQ. What Is The Best Indoor Plant To Clean The Air?. The best indoor plants for cleaning the air include the ...
Keyword:plant growth prediction. Papers. An Autoencoder Wavelet Based Deep Neural Network with Attention Mechanism for ... Multistep Prediction of Plant Growth. Bashar Alhnaity, Stefanos Kollias, Georgios Leontidis, Shouyong Jiang, Bert Schamp and ...
You can learn more about invasive plants from our publication: "A Guide To Invasive Plants". In the Guide, each invasive plant ... Plant only native plant species or non-native species that have been researched and proven to be non-aggressive in terms of ... Both plants are extremely difficult to control: when cut off, the remaining plant segment in the ground will re-sprout. It is ... Invasive plants in Massachusetts Of the 2263 plant species in Massachusetts that have been documented as native or naturalized ...
See how students in Dubai created talking plants and then spread joy among patients at a local hospital. ... Think Plants Cant Talk? Think Again Through fun maker experiences and easy-to-use technology, Intel turns young people into ... Accompanying the chatty plant, dubbed "Um Khammas," were two of its creators, Salem Marwan and Malak Omar, year-six students ... Salem, Malak, and their team members, chose a date palm for their project because the plant is viewed as a welcome gift in ...
This general session on pilot plants will exhibit views and examples of best practices for pilot plants, including scale-up and ... 210a) "We Dont Expect It to be a Problem": Best Practices in Pilot Plant Start up ... 210b) Optimal Steady-State and Dynamic Design of Experiments in Pilot Plants for CO2 Capture ...
Keep your tomatoes happy with these 18 companion plants from Park Seed. ... What are Companion Plants?. So, what is a companion plant and why does your tomato need one? A companion plant is a plant that ... Plants that Arent Good for Tomatoes. There are a few plants that you should not plant near tomatoes. These include corn, ... You can plant either pole beans or bush beans. Plant the seeds at the same time you plant the tomato transplants. Keep the bush ...
Evolution of Plants Modern classification systems, based largely on molecular evidence, divide living organisms into three ... The… Plants , Plants A plant is a multicelled organism that makes its own food by photosynthesis. Although plants show a ... The embryo i… Insectivorous Plant , insectivorous plant (carnivorous plant) Any of several plants that have poorly developed ... Plant , Plant A plant is any organism in the kingdom Plantae. Kingdoms are the main divisions into which scientists classify ...
Costa drops into the trial gardens at Sydney Royal Botanic Gardens where they are growing the latest plant cultivars for Aussie ... Jimmy says he hopes that by trialling plants, he can be more confident that gardeners will have success growing the plant and ... Plants on Trial. Broadcast. Fri 8 Nov 2019 at 8:30am. Friday 8 Nov 2019 at 8:30am. Fri 8 Nov 2019 at 8:30am. ... A tall form of this popular bedding plant, it is never out of flower in Sydney, takes full sun or part shade, lasts as a cut ...
Purchase Geothermal Power Plants - 4th Edition. Print Book & E-Book. ISBN 9780081008799, 9780081002902 ... Important new and revised content on double- and triple-flash steam power plants, plant and well pumps, and biomass-geothermal ... Geothermal Power Plants. Holiday Sale. :. Save up to 25% on print and eBooks with FREE shipping. No promo code needed. More ... Geothermal Power Plants, 4th Edition, presents state-of-the-art geothermal developments and experience of real applications for ...
Meet the teen planting 150 trees for every person on Earth. *Lacy Cooke ... Trump Forest plants trees to offset the presidents climate ignorance. *Lacy Cooke ... Meet the 105-year-old Indian woman who planted 300 trees because she couldnt have children. *Lacy Cooke ... Ireland will plant 440 million trees in 20 years. *Debbie L. Sklar ...
... larger plants with a mix of both male and female flowers, and large plants that have mostly female flowers.[15] Other plant ... However, Amborella plants may change their "sex" over time. In one study, five cuttings from a male plant produced only male ... Plant reproductive morphology is the study of the physical form and structure (the morphology) of those parts of plants ... In plants with bisexual flowers, the anthers and carpels may mature at different times, plants being protandrous (with the ...
... high-temperature nuclear plants can use a new metal. Alloy 617 is a combination of nickel, chromium, cobalt, and molybdenum. ... "In contrast to light water plants, the commercial fleet, where you might have 50 or 100 materials that you could use, there ... For any new nuclear plant material, making the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code ... high-temperature nuclear plant material.. *Tech like the molten salt reactor requires much higher temperature tolerance and ...
Two power plants, the Boundary Dam Power Station and the Shand Power Station, can be identified by the smoke plumes and shadows ... The river is frozen over upstream of the Boundary Dam Power Station, but thermal loading from the plants has warmed the water ... The coal is mined from a trench at the surface, processed, and then used to fire the two power plants. These plants provide ... A power plant fire left much of the island without electricity.. Image of the Day Land Fires Unique Imagery Human Presence ...
These plants do well indoors and mitigate the harmful and toxic effects of household chemicals to create cleaner air. ... These plants look great in standard and hanging planters and are generally easy to care for, but theyre one on our list of ... This plant reaches a petite six inches in height and has very ornamental leaves that can grow up to eight inches. While eye- ... This bountiful plant grows tall (up to eight feet-but more demure sizes can also easily be found) with branches with large deep ...
Museum scientists are part of a project aimed at quantifying how threatened plants are around the world. ... Plant research at the Museum Studying a wide variety of plants, including bryophytes, ferns and flowering plants ... The Sampled Red List Index for Plants The Sampled Red List Index for Plants accurately assesses plant extinction risk ... Proportion of plant species in IUCN Red List categories. Although almost two thirds of plant species are Least Concern (LC), ...
The first published report of cloning a gene for caffeine synthesis raises the possibility of creating decaf plants. ... By modifying the patented gene in plants, he hopes to avoid creating plants that build up half-finished caffeine, in the form ... Plants Why dandelion seeds are so good at spreading widely By James R. Riordon. November 14, 2022. ... Plants Most energy drinks lag in added health benefits By Rachel Ehrenberg. August 27, 2010. ...
"Leaves fold and unfurl with changes in sunlight, or fall when a plant goes into shock and some may even play dead in response ...
  • VW has reportedly invested more than $800 million to prepare its Chattanooga plant for the local assembly of the ID.4 SUV in 2022. (
  • The 12 Best Healthy Plant-Based Foods in 2022-Ranked! (
  • Home / Groceries / The 12 Best Healthy Plant-Based Foods in 2022: Eat This, Not That! (
  • and Sen. John Cornyn, R-Texas, talk about their bill that encourages companies to build computer chip plants in the United States, at the Capitol in Washington, Wednesday, July 27, 2022. (
  • is an important wild medicinal and aromatic plant in China that contains large amounts of bioactive monoterpenes. (
  • To promote the cultivation of medicinal plants in Jammu and Kashmir's hilly Chenab valley in a big way, the National Medicinal Plant Board (NMPB) under the Ministry of Ayush on Saturday organized a stakeholders. (
  • The drug industry's development, urbanization, cultural and social changes have contributed to the loss of popular knowledge about medicinal plants. (
  • The present study aimed to identify the main medicinal plants and knowledge about ways to use and toxicity referred to by herbalists for oral diseases. (
  • There is little appreciation of information about appropriate ways in the preparation of the parties, the hygiene material and toxicity of the medicinal plants suitable for oral diseases. (
  • In fact, during the last few years, medicinal plants have attracted the attention of pharmaceutical and scientific communities, and evidence has demonstrated the promising potential of antimicrobial plant-derived substances. (
  • Ethnopharmacology, an area inside ethnobotany focused on the medicinal use of plants, is important in selecting raw materials for future drugs and studying bioactive chemical entities from natural sources. (
  • Phytonutrient rich foods are found in traditional African diet which is mostly vegetarian , and most of these food plants are often used for medicinal purposes. (
  • WHO monographs on selected medicinal plants. (
  • Considering the cultural characteristic of health care, the present study aimed to meet the health care with the use of medicinal plants by rural families. (
  • There were conducted semi-structured interviews and systematic observation, construction of the genogram and eco-map and photograph families of medicinal plants cited were performed. (
  • As a result, there were observed the use of medicinal plants in family care and cultural influence on perceptions of health and illness reported by farmers. (
  • The study reinforces the importance of expanding research in rural health care and a look into the use of medicinal plants with a view to ensuring an integral assistance and welcoming to these communities by professionals of the Unified Health System (SUS). (
  • For non-native or introduced species, please visit the USDA Plants Database . (
  • Complete Species List - An alphabetized list of all species in the native plant database. (
  • Because it can thrive in low-light environments and with less-than-ideal watering practices, this very undemanding species is excellent for beginners or for anyone who is less than diligent about their plant care. (
  • Of the 2263 plant species in Massachusetts that have been documented as native or naturalized (established newcomers introduced directly or indirectly by man), about 725 (32%) are naturalized. (
  • Of these, the Massachusetts Invasive Plant Advisory Group (MIPAG) , a committee where NHESP is represented, recognized 72 species as "Invasive," "Likely Invasive," or "Potentially Invasive. (
  • Once plant species are recognized as invasive, likely invasive or potentially invasive by "MIPAG", the Massachusetts Department of Agricultural Resources holds a hearing to determine if species newly listed by MIPAG should be added to the list of noxious weeds regulated with prohibitions on importation, propagation, purchase and sale in the Commonwealth. (
  • Identify and control or eradicate invasive plant species where possible, starting with one's own property or local conservation areas where control projects are underway or being planned. (
  • Plant only native plant species or non-native species that have been researched and proven to be non-aggressive in terms of naturalizing into natural areas or minimally managed habitats in Massachusetts or New England. (
  • While some plants play a singular role for one or limited types of wildlife, others are essential to the life cycle of many species. (
  • The local species of these plants vary by ecoregion, that is, areas where ecosystems (and the type, quality, and quantity of environmental resources) are generally similar. (
  • Remove keystone plants and the diversity and abundance of many essential insect species, which 96% of terrestrial birds rely on for food sources, will be diminished. (
  • The research of entomologist, Dr. Doug Tallamy, and his team at the University of Delaware have identified 14% of native plants (the keystones) support 90% of butterfly and moth lepidoptera species. (
  • The research of horticulturist Jarrod Fowler has shown that 15% to 60% of North American native bee species are pollen specialists who only eat pollen from 40% of native plants. (
  • For purposes of these lists, we have included critical plant genera and local species that host significant numbers of butterflies, moths, and pollen specialist bees. (
  • We are measuring how many plant species are threatened with extinction, where these plants grow and why they are threatened. (
  • Together with the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, we produced a first IUCN Sampled Red List Index (SRLI) for Plants , using a sample of thousands of species from around the world drawn at random from major plant lineages. (
  • Each plant species we assess is given a IUCN Red List category. (
  • There is still much to understand about plants and many species have not undergone botanical study for decades. (
  • This work fed into the recent report by the Inter-governmental Science Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) that estimated a total of one million plant and animal species worldwide are being threatened with extinction due to human activities. (
  • More than one in five plant species worldwide are threatened under the IUCN Red List Criteria . (
  • Although almost two thirds of plant species are Least Concern (LC), more than one in five are threatened with extinction, either Vulnerable (VU), Endangered (EN) or Critically Endangered (CR). (
  • Some 40 species of plants make caffeine, but "no function is really known" for the chemical, notes coauthor Alan Crozier of the University of Glasgow in Scotland. (
  • In addition to the Prohibited Live Animals list provided here, any live animal or plant that is an Endangered Species is prohibited by UPS and will not be accepted for transportation. (
  • Not all species lose out because of human noise - some can benefit - but if any play important ecosystem roles, such as pollinating plants, dispersing seeds or preying on other species, the effects of noise could trickle down to other members of the community, according to Francis. (
  • This 2011 checklist updates one produced in 1999, to include naturalised exotic plants as well as indigenous species. (
  • A report providing baseline information about the vegetation and plant species of the Eastbourne Hills in the Wellington region. (
  • The species is dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required). (
  • The ubiquitous caffeine sources, coffee and tea, are among the more than 60 caffeine-containing plant species. (
  • [ 5 ] Among the known plant species on earth (estimated at 250,000-500,000) only a small fraction have been investigated for the presence of antimicrobial compounds and only 1-10% of plants are used by humans. (
  • Oxalate content within the same plant species can vary widely. (
  • Air plants, like this Bromeliad Summer, often have no roots and soak up nutrients through their leaves, making them an excellent option for anyone who forgets to water their plants or doesn't have time to deal with soil issues. (
  • He acknowledges the theories that caffeine might repel pests or build up in soil to sabotage seeds from rival plants. (
  • Before planting, loosen the soil as deeply as possible with a garden fork and mix in 3 to 4 inches of compost. (
  • What Plants Like Alkaline Soil? (
  • The first lecture "Plant - soil interactions" was held for Bachelor students. (
  • The second lecture, "Soil anoxia and plant response" revealed plant reactions and adaptations under hypoxic and anoxic conditions. (
  • The plants prefer a dry soil, but they will do well with average moisture. (
  • For optimal growth, the Water Poppy prefers rich soil in shallow waters of 6" or less, though most plants survive in water up to 12" deep. (
  • The amount of oxalate manufactured depends not only on the particular variety of plant but also on the soil and water conditions in which it grows. (
  • Use the options below to search for 25,208 native plants by scientific or common name or choose a particular family of plants. (
  • Use the options below to search for plants based on a combination of characteristics. (
  • Explore our website and Plant Finder to see which perennials are right for you. (
  • Book titles include Edible Plants , Edible Perennials , Edible Trees , and Woodland Gardening . (
  • Plants are classified into two main groups: the bryophytes (nonvascular plants) and the tracheophytes (vascular plants). (
  • Despite this, most scientists believe that bryophytes evolved before vascular plants, and that the earliest bryophytes have not been found because they fossilize poorly. (
  • Indeed, the fact that stomata first appeared in hornworts and mosses is evidence that vascular plants evolved from one of these two groups. (
  • Vascular plants appear to be more closely related to mosses than to hornworts, because some mosses possess food-conducting cells (leptoids) and water-conducting cells (hydroids) that resemble the phloem and xylem of vascular plants. (
  • In vascular plants embryo formation, or embryogenesis, usually occurs within a few hours after fertilization, with the first cell division that cleaves the zygote, or fertilized egg, into two daughter cells. (
  • Find out about vascular plants recorded from the Chatham Islands since 1864. (
  • Sow seeds for both plants indoors six to eight weeks before the average final frost date, or directly in the ground after the last frost. (
  • Western scrub jays store the seeds they find for later meals, but many of these seeds go unrecovered and germinate, giving the plants an opportunity to spread. (
  • Guaraná seeds have the highest caffeine content (2.5%-5%) of any known plant and are used as a soft drink flavoring in Brazil. (
  • Toxicity may occur after consuming teas brewed from plant parts or after consuming leaves, flowers, or seeds from plants containing cardiac glycosides. (
  • What is known is that global carmakers and established battery manufacturers have announced plans to invest at least $50 billion into at least 10 states to build EV assembly and battery plants since the start of 2021, and states have made commitments totaling at least $10.8 billion to lure those investments , according to a tally of publicly disclosed incentives by Bloomberg and Good Jobs First. (
  • Out of all of the new plant-based options that launched nationwide between January 1, 2020 and June 30, 2021, 11 new products on store shelves stood out from the rest with their impressive nutrition and great taste. (
  • To create a more representative picture of the conservation state of plants worldwide, the Plants Under Pressure project created a sampled IUCN Red List Index for Plants. (
  • Pesticides are a class of chemicals designed to kill pests (rodents, insects, or plants) that may affect agricultural crops or carry diseases like malaria and typhus. (
  • The fungi, plants, and animals are thought to have evolved from different groups of protists. (
  • This review will focus on natural plant products as a useful source of antimicrobial molecules, active in particular, on bacteria and fungi. (
  • In addition, approximately 4,000 genera of native plants that support over 11,000 lepidoptera can sorted by zip code in National Wildlife Federation's Native Plant Finder. (
  • A birder's run-in with unexpected warblers taught him how migratory songbirds use native trees and plants. (
  • Tall plants, such as small trees and trellised vines, can help reduce energy consumption by providing much needed shade. (
  • On the UK Plant Health Risk Register, the pathogen has a high unmitigated risk rating of 60, with a high likelihood of spread should it be introduced, and a high impact, particularly given the potential commercial value of trees at risk. (
  • Rival BMW in 2019 expanded its battery facility at Plant Spartanburg, South Carolina, more than doubling capacity. (
  • We take particular pride in our huge plant selection, which includes many rare and unusual varieties. (
  • We also used our own experience with these plant varieties to recommend the best options for your home. (
  • The team's horticulturists evaluate new plant varieties from breeders worldwide to determine which ones perform best in the region. (
  • All varieties of this common container plant are poisonous to dogs. (
  • IMSEAR at SEARO: Sexual conflict in plants. (
  • The most common problems with poisonous plants arise from contact with the sap oil. (
  • Any workers who spend time outside are at risk of exposure to poisonous plants. (
  • They can develop rashes and lung irritation from contact with damaged or burning poisonous plants. (
  • During August-October, 2018, an outbreak of severe respiratory illness was reported among poultry slaughter plant workers in Virginia and Georgia, USA. (
  • Thailand residents may also grow "as many cannabis plants" as they wish at home for medical purposes. (
  • Furthermore, beginning on June 9, Thailand residents will have the freedom to grow "as many cannabis plants" as they like in their own homes for medical purposes, according to Charnvirakul. (
  • Spread the word about the power of native plants and help grow a better world for birds. (
  • One of the easiest houseplants to grow , the Marble Queen Pothos has lovely heart shaped leaves and growing vines that will quickly fill your plant shelf with beauty. (
  • It turns out, one of the most critical things you can do to help your tomato plants grow healthy and strong is to plant them with companion plants. (
  • Whichever style of garden you choose to grow and whatever your motivation, companion planting will help you to have a successful gardening experience. (
  • A tall form of this popular bedding plant, it is never out of flower in Sydney, takes full sun or part shade, lasts as a cut flower and will grow in containers too. (
  • This is one of the easiest plants to grow. (
  • However, he objects, "there are naturally low-caffeine plants that grow quite happily. (
  • The source material and guidance for the preparation of the book has been made possible through the support of Food Plants International, the Rotary Clubs of District 9830, particularly the Rotary Club of Devonport North who founded Food Plant Solutions, (previously the Learn◊Grow project), and many volunteers who have assisted in various ways. (
  • The plants grow 3 to 5 feet tall, but they are bushier and bloom better if cut back by up to half in late spring. (
  • We no longer grow this plant. (
  • Not only did the plants grow with special vigor, but the giant berries they produced-four times the size of normal strawberries-were exceptionally sweet, juicy and delicious. (
  • The majority of these plants are grown outside, even in winter, so they are always ready for planting. (
  • A companion plant is a plant that is grown in close proximity to the tomatoes and will benefit the tomato in some way. (
  • Excellent British grown plants, fantastic quality and interesting range. (
  • In general, plants that are grown in fields with a high concentration of ground water calcium have higher concentrations of oxalate. (
  • Food Plant Solutions was initiated by the Rotary Club of Devonport North to assist in creating awareness of the edible plant database developed by Food Plants International, and its potential in addressing malnutrition and food security in any country of the world. (
  • This Field Guide has been produced using information from the "Edible Plants of the World" database compiled by Bruce French of Food Plants International. (
  • We need regular donations to enable us to keep going - to maintain and further develop our free-to-use database of over 8000 edible and useful plants. (
  • In 2004, MIPAG completed a report offering recommendations for managing invasive plants in Massachusetts Strategic Recommendations for Managing Invasive Plants in Massachusetts. (
  • Educate others and report anyone illegally selling, growing, or distributing invasive plants. (
  • Avoid Decorating with Invasive Plants! (
  • We highly recommend that people avoid using certain exotic, invasive plants such as Oriental bittersweet ( Celastrus orbiculatus ) and Multiflora rose ( Rosa multiflora ) in holiday decorations. (
  • Welcome to the latest edition of the Native Plants Database where you can explore the wealth of native plants in North America. (
  • Explore all of our native plant resources here, including our factsheets on creating a native plant garden and how it can save you money . (
  • The need to explore the limits of plant tolerance to hypobaric conditions is clear, however, research has been limited due to the difficulties and costs associated with this field. (
  • During August 31-September 4, 2018, the Virginia Department of Health (VDH) received reports of 10 persons, all workers at the same chicken slaughter plant, hospitalized with fever, headache, cough, and radiographic evidence of pneumonia. (
  • A case was defined as illness in a worker employed during August 1-September 7, 2018, at the Virginia plant, or during August 13-September 28, 2018, at the Georgia plant, who had either physician-diagnosed pneumonia, or fever or chills with ≥2 symptoms of headache, cough, or muscle aches. (
  • Most of the interviewees mentioned informing of the plants buyers about your hygiene, especially with running water, toxicity and contraindications. (
  • The indication and adequate guidance on the preparation, cleaning, toxicity and risk of use of plants constitutes itself a guarantee of their correct use and effectiveness while minimizing the likelihood of adverse effects or other harms to health. (
  • Its well-documented role in prevention and treatment of chronic diseases is hypothesized here as a result of possible of cross-kingdom regulation by exogenous vegetal microRNAs and synergistic action of plant bioactive components on endogenous human microRNA regulation . (
  • For the first time in 30 years, high-temperature nuclear plants can use a new metal. (
  • The Sequoyah Nuclear Plant in Soddy-Daisy has the fourth-highest earthquake risk of the nation's 104 commercial nuclear plants, according to data from the U.S. Geological Survey analyzed by (
  • TVA spokesman Ray Golden said it is too early to know what the new testing will mean for Sequoyah and TVA's other nuclear plants -- Watts Bar in Spring City, Tenn. (
  • When NRC first obtained the new earthquake data from the U.S. Geological Survey, engineers made some initial reassessments at the nation's 104 commercial nuclear plants. (
  • Several plants native to the United States can cause an allergic skin reaction. (
  • Data Fields - Learn more about Native Plant Database information fields. (
  • Native plants help support our birds throughout the year. (
  • Bring birds to your home today by growing native plants. (
  • With Audubon's Native Plant Database , you can find the best plants for the birds in your area. (
  • And, if you're attracting birds using native plants, you will want to ensure that your space is bird-friendly in every way. (
  • So You Have Your List of Native Plants. (
  • Native plants provide ideal habitat and food. (
  • New research finds that Carolina Chickadees require a landscape with 70 percent native plants to keep their population steady. (
  • Native plants beat even the best bird feeder. (
  • With this simple DIY, you can spread the power of native plants far and wide. (
  • By installing water-saving appliances and less thirsty native plants, this Colorado community saved 15 million gallons of water in just one year. (
  • Volunteer with the Native Plant Trust to help with their invasive plant monitoring and control projects. (
  • NOW AVAILABLE for 36 states with free shipping: Add one of our native plant collections to your garden to help save birds, bees, butterflies, and more! (
  • Native plants are core to the wildlife garden. (
  • Intentional use of native plants , which have formed symbiotic relationships with native wildlife over millions of years, creates the most productive and sustainable wildlife habitat. (
  • Jimmy's next project is to run similar trials with cultivars of Australian native plants at the Mt Annan Australian Botanic Garden. (
  • View publications about New Zealand's native plants. (
  • Native to tropical climates, the Water Poppy is a fairly fast growing plant that develops thick, shiny leaves approximately 2" to 4" wide along long, trailing stems. (
  • Nature Plants 3 , 765-766 (2017). (
  • In a 2017 issue of Materials for Ultra-Supercritical and Advanced Ultra-Supercritical Power Plants , metals scientist Jutta Klöwer explained qualities of some derivatives of Alloy 617, Alloy 617B and Alloy 617occ, which have "additions of boron and narrowly tolerated alloying elements" in order to boost stats on stress relaxation and creep rupture. (
  • A trio of Georgia lawmakers want to block Georgia Power from levying surcharges on customers' bills to finance its long-delayed Plant Vogtle nuclear expansion after 2017. (
  • In 2009, lawmakers allowed the utility to begin tacking a surcharge on customers' bills to finance its share of the cost to build two additional nuclear power units at Plant Vogtle near Augusta. (
  • Given that pizza makes up the majority of Plant Club's menu, this was disappointing, to say the least. (
  • The bryophytes consist of the liverworts, hornworts, and mosses, and as their name implies none of these plants possess vascular tissues. (
  • Since bryophytes are land plants, they need to support themselves in air. (
  • Costa visits the Royal Botanic Gardens in Sydney to check out some of the new garden plants being trialled by director Jimmy Turner and his team. (
  • Moreover, increased yields in staple crops during the previous century's 'Green Revolution' are directly linked to GA concentrations in plant tissues 2 . (
  • Other companion plants have an odor that will repel pest insects. (
  • Planted between your tomatoes, the plant will also protect your tomato from predator insects. (
  • Another type of companion plant will act as a lure to attract pest insects away from your tomatoes. (
  • Delhi Environment Minister Gopal Rai said that the government will plant 35 lakh saplings in order to reduce pollution in the national capital. (
  • In addition to choking the communities where coal power plants are located, SO2 pollution from the Western Balkans often reaches as far as Russia and the Black Sea Coast to the east and Germany to the West! (
  • Two and a half years since pollution control legislation under the Energy Community Treaty obliged Western Balkan governments to apply EU norms, a new Bankwatch analysis finds air pollution - primarily sulphur dioxide (SO2) and dust emissions - from coal-fired power plants remains stubbornly high, choking communities across the region and beyond. (
  • Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally. (
  • Ancient Egyptians and Romans first used plants containing cardiac glycosides medicinally as emetics and for heart ailments. (
  • Its saturated fat levels, notably, are similar to those of beef: "The main issue is the coconut oil, which raises saturated fat levels and is linked with higher blood cholesterol levels," says Sharon Palmer, RDN, author of The Plant-Powered Diet , adding that the Impossible Burger provides 40 percent of the daily value (DV) for saturated fat. (
  • These selection criteria focus on the local plants from each of the main food groups with the highest levels of nutrients important to human nutrition and alleviation of malnutrition. (
  • The main purpose of the meeting was to endorse a series of recommendations formulated by WHO international consultants as a result of 6 days assessment missions to 5 identified industrial sites (2 for medical plants and 3 as industrial zoning in Suleimaniyah and Erbil) with the objectives of advising Kurdistan Investment Board on future development of Pharmaceutical Industry zone in Iraq KRG. (
  • The county's low income communities of color already host 14 power plants, which, in addition to many refineries and chemical companies, make the county the largest emitter of sulfur dioxide and carbon monoxide in the Bay Area,' said Shana Lazerow, an attorney at Communities for a Better Environment. (
  • Contact with these plants, which contain a chemical called urushiol, produces an itchy rash, redness, blisters and scaling. (
  • For this purpose a case study was carried out making use of the ethnographic approach in a large chemical plant, which is characterized by the presence of both kinds of risks. (
  • Many plants are poisonous to humans when ingested or through skin contact with plant chemicals. (
  • When humans eat these plant products, they also ingest a variable quantity of oxalate. (
  • To get the best growth from your plants, keep daytime temperature inside the cold frame between 50 and 70 degrees F for cool-weather types and between 60 and 80 degrees F for warm-season ones. (
  • Gibberellins (GAs) control key growth and developmental processes in plants. (
  • The sub-topics "plants as producers of organic material", "turn-over of organic material" and "interactions related to plant growth" provided insight in processes influencing plant growth and nutrient cycling. (
  • This phase of the work includes development and testing of the variable pressure plant growth chamber, and calibration of the in situ stem psychrometer for measuring plant water potential. (
  • Participants in the 2016 Kalebr #HappyPlant Challenge created a total of 44 "intelligent" plants. (
  • Aa is a genus of plants of the family Orchidaceae . (
  • Although members of the nettle family, plants in this genus do not have stinging hairs[235]. (
  • Also called mosquito grass, this perennial grass bears arching stems of purplish-tinged flowers in early summer followed by curved seed spikes on golden-brown fall stems, and grows in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 through 10. (
  • Polyphenols are micronutrients that naturally occur in plants. (
  • Other important nutritious plants may be equally useful, and it is recommended that the FPI database be used to source information on the full range of plants known to occur in Afghanistan. (
  • The primary objective of the project is to increase awareness and understanding of the vast food resource that exists in the form of local plants, well adapted to the prevailing conditions where they naturally occur, and how this resource may be used to address hunger, malnutrition and food security. (
  • This booklet is designed as a field guide to 50 highly threatened plants that occur in Northland. (
  • This book is a field guide covering a selection of threatened or at risk plants that occur within the Waikato. (
  • Any plants that show a weedy habit are put on a blacklist. (
  • Schumer, D-N.Y., said he'll use his clout as Senate majority leader to help lure a semiconductor chip fabricating plant to Central New York and convince federal officials to approve an incentive package. (
  • Indirect light and good ventilation will serve this plant well, but they also thrive under fluorescent light. (
  • Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! (
  • Even in warmer regions, this plant may benefit from over-wintering indoors in a shallow tub with good light, as it is susceptible to even brief frost exposure. (
  • MHLW assisted with the evacuation of about 1700 people from hospitals and nursing homes within a radius of 20 km to 30 km from the power plant where a "stay indoors" instruction was ordered. (
  • Thailand Public Health Minister Anutin Charnvirakul said he will offer households 1 million cannabis plants for free in a May 8 Facebook post. (
  • Not only did they share their extensive flora wisdom, but they also offered up some of their favorite houseplant recommendations, including low-maintenance and low-light indoor plant options, as well as non-toxic plants for households with pets . (
  • Meat and poultry plant workers continued to go into work, where social distancing was a challenge. (
  • Maggie Silver, a health communication specialist at CDC's office in Fort Collins, Colorado, recalls seeing an uptick in cases among workers at a leading beef processing plant in nearby Weld County. (
  • For many of the plant workers, English is a second language, and the health and financial risks involved complicate the situation further. (
  • Getting workers safely back to the plant and maintaining the food supply required communicating messages that would promote behavior changes among workers and supervisors. (
  • Has a whole-food, plant-based diet impacted your life? (
  • That's because you decide which whole-food, plant-based ingredients to add and which cooking method to use, giving you total control over calories, fat, and sodium. (
  • Keystone plant genera are unique to local food webs within ecoregions. (
  • Salem, Malak, and their team members, chose a date palm for their project because the plant is viewed as a welcome gift in their region, where it has been a food source for over 8,000 years. (
  • In these scenarios, losing your food producing plants to insect pests or disease is not an option. (
  • This plant will be covered with white flowers that will provide a food source for parasitic wasps. (
  • three major portions: (1) the embryo or germ (including its sheaf, the scutellum) that produces the new plant, (2) the starchy endosperm, which serves as food for the germinating seed and forms the raw material of flour manufacture, and (3) various covering layers protecting the grain. (
  • It contains almost no chlorophyll - the pigment that most plants use to make food - so to eat it must suck the sugary sap from other plants. (
  • This guide is based on information from the Food Plants International (FPI) database developed by Tasmanian agricultural scientist Bruce French. (
  • The selection of plants included in this guide has been developed by Lyndie Kite working in a voluntary capacity using the selection criteria developed by Food Plant Solutions. (
  • It is intended as a Draft Guide only to indicate some important food plants that serve as examples for this purpose. (
  • This guide has been developed with the best intention to create interest and improve understanding of the important local food plants of Afghanistan, and on the understanding that it will be further edited and augmented by local specialists with appropriate knowledge and understanding of local food plants. (
  • In June 2007, Food Plant Solutions was established as a project of Rotary District 9830, the Rotary Club of Devonport North and Food Plants International. (
  • The Food Plants International database, from which the information in this Field Guide is drawn, is a work in progress and is regularly being amended and updated. (
  • It's easy to get enough protein on a whole-food, plant-based diet as long as you're eating enough calories. (
  • 500 Plants for Temperate Food Forests and Permaculture Gardens. (
  • It focuses on the attributes of plants suitable for food forests, what each can contribute to a food forest ecosystem, including carbon sequestration, and the kinds of foods they yield. (
  • The plant closed for 10 days to put a hold on the spread of COVID-19 in the facility and to come up with a strategy to reopen and stay open, as the federal government announced that the food production industry was an essential service. (
  • [ 9-14 ] The antimicrobial effect of plant oils and extracts has formed the basis of many applications, including raw and processed food preservation, pharmaceuticals, alternative medicine and natural therapies. (
  • Traditional food plants : a resource book for promoting the exploitation and consumption of food plants in arid, semi-arid and sub-humid lands of Eastern Africa. (
  • According to Danny Danko in 2015, Thai Sticks fell out of favor years ago as some farmers in the lowlands of Thailand were forced to switch from the cultivation of the country's stellar sativas for more profitable poppy plants. (
  • The Garden Helper is a free gardening encyclopedia and guides to growing and caring for gardens, plants and flowers. (
  • This data has been summarized by Level I Ecoregions along with top plants used by pollen specialist bees in the clickable lists below. (
  • If your tomato is surrounded by flowering plants that have attracted lots of bees, the bees will also find your first blossoms on the tomato plant. (
  • The Water Poppy may be one of nature's most elegant floating plants. (
  • Like other floating plants, the Water Poppy helps shade your pond and fish and creates a safe haven and spawning area protected from birds and other predators. (
  • Located in Mechanicsville, Virginia (USDA Zone 7), we supply plants to garden centers, landscapers, and to retail customers. (
  • The Virginia plant suspended operations on September 8. (
  • If you don't have the time or patience to shuttle plants in and out of the house, let them get acclimated to the sun and wind by hardening them off in a cold frame. (
  • Plant-based veggie burgers have officially hit the big time. (
  • Studies have suggested that GA concentrations are dynamic in plant tissues, but direct real-time GA reporters have not been available to test cellular spatiotemporal synthesis and distribution models until now. (
  • Fig. 1: Real-time monitoring of GA concentrations in individual cells in plant tissues. (
  • Plants with less-apparent risk would have even more time, he said. (
  • It is best to water your plant in the morning to give the moisture on the leaves time to dry during the day. (
  • Plants will be shipped at the proper planting time for your area of the country using the shipping timeframes outlined below. (
  • All that you need is oil and water, and the textured wheat protein plus the other plant-based ingredients help it all stick together (unless you make it into crumbles). (
  • Dairy free, high in pea protein*, fibre, and calcium, Wunda is a source of vitamins D, B2 and B12, low in sugar and fat and is 100% plant based. (
  • Wunda is a pea milk alternative made with pea protein, meaning this plant-based milk alternative is free from gluten, lactose, soya, and nuts. (
  • Plants : the potentials for extracting protein, medicines and other useful chemicals, workshop proceedings. (
  • Jimmy says he hopes that by trialling plants, he can be more confident that gardeners will have success growing the plant and will therefore keep on gardening. (
  • When the first plants of this variety were introduced to European gardeners several years ago, most everyone was skeptical. (
  • Now, this growing stock has produced a sufficient quantity of plants, so we can offer these amazing Whopper Strawberries to selected American gardeners. (
  • Many gardeners report they make one of the finest ground covers they've ever planted. (
  • Let's get this straight: Plant Club, as the name suggests, is all vegan. (
  • But what it lacked in dishes, it made up for with very knowledgeable staff, who were able to take us through the ins and outs of some surprising vegan interpretations (like plant-based burrata). (
  • Plants are green because of a pigment called chlorophyll. (
  • Two types of chlorophyll exist in green plants, with the most prevalent being chlorophyll-a. (
  • Chlorophyll-b also occurs in all plants, but in smaller amounts than chlorophyll-a. (
  • What are Companion Plants? (
  • There are several reasons to plant companion plants. (
  • Some companion plants are only there to attract pollinators. (
  • Another reason to plant companion plants is to provide nutrients that the tomato needs. (
  • Geothermal Power Plants, 4th Edition, presents state-of-the-art geothermal developments and experience of real applications for professionals, and a comprehensive reference for theory and practice. (
  • Two power plants, the Boundary Dam Power Station and the Shand Power Station, can be identified by the smoke plumes and shadows of those plumes. (
  • The river is frozen over upstream of the Boundary Dam Power Station, but thermal loading from the plants has warmed the water in the Boundary Dam Reservoir so that it remains nearly ice free. (
  • The coal is mined from a trench at the surface, processed, and then used to fire the two power plants. (
  • Small puffs of clouds hang over the Balakovo Nuclear Power Plant cooling pond. (
  • A power plant fire left much of the island without electricity. (
  • C06010 - Performance Monitoring Guidelines for Power Plants has been added to your cart. (
  • These Guidelines cover fossil-fueled power plants, gas-turbine power plants operating in combined cycle, and a balance-of-plant portion including interface with the steam supply system of nuclear power plants. (
  • Since the original publication of these Guidelines in 1993-then limited to steam power plants-the field of performance monitoring (PM) has gained considerable importance. (
  • China Metallurgical Group agreed to invest billions of dollars in the project and related infrastructure development -- including the construction of a coal-fired electrical power plant and what would be Afghanistan's first freight railway. (
  • About $500 million will be invested in building an electrical power plant. (
  • Ulumi said the coal-fired power plant to be built near the copper field would produce more than enough electricity to run the mine. (
  • When this project is completed, God willing, some 5,000 people will be working at the power plant adjacent to the copper mine,' Ulumi said. (
  • Ulumi said the Chinese firm expects to start full mining operations in about six years, after work on the power plant and railroad are completed. (
  • The proposed power plants are slated for Antioch and Oakley. (
  • Previously, the CPUC demanded that PG&E include an assessment of whether the power plants will disproportionately impact low-income and minority communities. (
  • The second phase of the Los Llanos PV power plant project, developed and managed by Trina Solar in Colombia, has been connected to the grid and the start of its commercial operations officially declared. (
  • The score obtained in the study through the health matrix indicated that hydroelectric power plants have a severe impact on health, considering local environmental, socioeconomic conditions and the potential frequency of increase or appearance of diseases. (
  • Saito T, Kunimitsu A. Public health response to the combined Great East Japan Earthquake, tsunami and nuclear power plant accident: perspective from the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare of Japan Western Pacific Surveillance and Response Journal , 2011, 2(4):7-9. (
  • With the epicentre off the Sanriku coast, the magnitude 9.0 quake triggered a tsunami, which together with the effects of the quake ignited a serious accident at a nuclear power plant. (
  • Due to the potential effects from the accident at the power plant, many residents living nearby were forced to evacuate. (
  • If you have all your tomatoes planted in a block, there will be a greater chance that pests and diseases will find the tomatoes and damage the entire crop. (
  • And, even if there was some value to the fruit, all too often the plants put on a single show and then died away quickly, never to return. (
  • Even after some of the especially harsh winters Europe experienced, the original plants kept multiplying and proved to be extremely hardy, producing an ever-increasing crop of delicious fruit year after year. (
  • Daring is no stranger to plant-based chicken. (
  • It really makes you wonder what came first: the chicken or the plant-based ingredients? (
  • On September 12, the Georgia Department of Public Health (GDPH) was notified that 3 employees of a Georgia chicken slaughter plant owned by the same company were hospitalized with pneumonia. (
  • Outbreaks in meat and poultry plants could affect entire towns. (
  • For any new nuclear plant material, making the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code is like qualifying for the Olympics. (