Material prepared from plants.
PLANTS, or their progeny, whose GENOME has been altered by GENETIC ENGINEERING.
Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)
Proteins found in plants (flowers, herbs, shrubs, trees, etc.). The concept does not include proteins found in vegetables for which VEGETABLE PROTEINS is available.
The usually underground portions of a plant that serve as support, store food, and through which water and mineral nutrients enter the plant. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982; Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)
The functional hereditary units of PLANTS.
Concentrated pharmaceutical preparations of plants obtained by removing active constituents with a suitable solvent, which is evaporated away, and adjusting the residue to a prescribed standard.
New immature growth of a plant including stem, leaves, tips of branches, and SEEDLINGS.
Plants whose roots, leaves, seeds, bark, or other constituent parts possess therapeutic, tonic, purgative, curative or other pharmacologic attributes, when administered to man or animals.
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of plants.
Processes orchestrated or driven by a plethora of genes, plant hormones, and inherent biological timing mechanisms facilitated by secondary molecules, which result in the systematic transformation of plants and plant parts, from one stage of maturity to another.
Plants or plant parts which are harmful to man or other animals.
Basic functional unit of plants.
Parts of plants that usually grow vertically upwards towards the light and support the leaves, buds, and reproductive structures. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)
The genetic complement of a plant (PLANTS) as represented in its DNA.
A plant genus of the family BRASSICACEAE that contains ARABIDOPSIS PROTEINS and MADS DOMAIN PROTEINS. The species A. thaliana is used for experiments in classical plant genetics as well as molecular genetic studies in plant physiology, biochemistry, and development.
An organism of the vegetable kingdom suitable by nature for use as a food, especially by human beings. Not all parts of any given plant are edible but all parts of edible plants have been known to figure as raw or cooked food: leaves, roots, tubers, stems, seeds, buds, fruits, and flowers. The most commonly edible parts of plants are FRUIT, usually sweet, fleshy, and succulent. Most edible plants are commonly cultivated for their nutritional value and are referred to as VEGETABLES.
The parts of plants, including SEEDS.
Any of the hormones produced naturally in plants and active in controlling growth and other functions. There are three primary classes: auxins, cytokinins, and gibberellins.
Proteins that originate from plants species belonging to the genus ARABIDOPSIS. The most intensely studied species of Arabidopsis, Arabidopsis thaliana, is commonly used in laboratory experiments.
A plant genus of the family SOLANACEAE. Members contain NICOTINE and other biologically active chemicals; its dried leaves are used for SMOKING.
The inherent or induced capacity of plants to withstand or ward off biological attack by pathogens.
A thin layer of cells forming the outer integument of seed plants and ferns. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Closable openings in the epidermis of plants on the underside of leaves. They allow the exchange of gases between the internal tissues of the plant and the outside atmosphere.
Members of the group of vascular plants which bear flowers. They are differentiated from GYMNOSPERMS by their production of seeds within a closed chamber (OVARY, PLANT). The Angiosperms division is composed of two classes, the monocotyledons (Liliopsida) and dicotyledons (Magnoliopsida). Angiosperms represent approximately 80% of all known living plants.
The encapsulated embryos of flowering plants. They are used as is or for animal feed because of the high content of concentrated nutrients like starches, proteins, and fats. Rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed are also produced for the oils (fats) they yield.
The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.
Poisoning by the ingestion of plants or its leaves, berries, roots or stalks. The manifestations in both humans and animals vary in severity from mild to life threatening. In animals, especially domestic animals, it is usually the result of ingesting moldy or fermented forage.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
The loss of water vapor by plants to the atmosphere. It occurs mainly from the leaves through pores (stomata) whose primary function is gas exchange. The water is replaced by a continuous column of water moving upwards from the roots within the xylem vessels. (Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)
A plant species of the family SOLANACEAE, native of South America, widely cultivated for their edible, fleshy, usually red fruit.
The reproductive organs of plants.
The above-ground plant without the roots.
Complex nucleoprotein structures which contain the genomic DNA and are part of the CELL NUCLEUS of PLANTS.
A localized proliferation of plant tissue forming a swelling or outgrowth, commonly with a characteristic shape and unlike any organ of the normal plant. Plant tumors or galls usually form in response to the action of a pathogen or a pest. (Holliday, P., A Dictionary of Plant Pathology, 1989, p330)
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
A plant species of the family POACEAE. It is a tall grass grown for its EDIBLE GRAIN, corn, used as food and animal FODDER.
The large family of plants characterized by pods. Some are edible and some cause LATHYRISM or FAVISM and other forms of poisoning. Other species yield useful materials like gums from ACACIA and various LECTINS like PHYTOHEMAGGLUTININS from PHASEOLUS. Many of them harbor NITROGEN FIXATION bacteria on their roots. Many but not all species of "beans" belong to this family.
Very young plant after GERMINATION of SEEDS.
The act of feeding on plants by animals.
Units that convert some other form of energy into electrical energy.
Total mass of all the organisms of a given type and/or in a given area. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990) It includes the yield of vegetative mass produced from any given crop.
The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
Use of plants or herbs to treat diseases or to alleviate pain.
The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.
Sugar-rich liquid produced in plant glands called nectaries. It is either produced in flowers or other plant structures, providing a source of attraction for pollinating insects and animals, as well as being a nutrient source to animal mutualists which provide protection of plants against herbivores.
The outer layer of the woody parts of plants.
Eighteen-carbon cyclopentyl polyunsaturated fatty acids derived from ALPHA-LINOLENIC ACID via an oxidative pathway analogous to the EICOSANOIDS in animals. Biosynthesis is inhibited by SALICYLATES. A key member, jasmonic acid of PLANTS, plays a similar role to ARACHIDONIC ACID in animals.
The synthesis by organisms of organic chemical compounds, especially carbohydrates, from carbon dioxide using energy obtained from light rather than from the oxidation of chemical compounds. Photosynthesis comprises two separate processes: the light reactions and the dark reactions. In higher plants; GREEN ALGAE; and CYANOBACTERIA; NADPH and ATP formed by the light reactions drive the dark reactions which result in the fixation of carbon dioxide. (from Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 2001)
Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.
Systems of medicine based on cultural beliefs and practices handed down from generation to generation. The concept includes mystical and magical rituals (SPIRITUAL THERAPIES); PHYTOTHERAPY; and other treatments which may not be explained by modern medicine.
A group of alicyclic hydrocarbons with the general formula R-C5H9.
The relationship between two different species of organisms that are interdependent; each gains benefits from the other or a relationship between different species where both of the organisms in question benefit from the presence of the other.
A plant species of the genus SOLANUM, family SOLANACEAE. The starchy roots are used as food. SOLANINE is found in green parts.
Physiological functions characteristic of plants.
Protein or glycoprotein substances of plant origin that bind to sugar moieties in cell walls or membranes. Some carbohydrate-metabolizing proteins (ENZYMES) from PLANTS also bind to carbohydrates, however they are not considered lectins. Many plant lectins change the physiology of the membrane of BLOOD CELLS to cause agglutination, mitosis, or other biochemical changes. They may play a role in plant defense mechanisms.
Acetic acid derivatives of the heterocyclic compound indole. (Merck Index, 11th ed)
The unconsolidated mineral or organic matter on the surface of the earth that serves as a natural medium for the growth of land plants.
A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The sum of the weight of all the atoms in a molecule.
Plant cell inclusion bodies that contain the photosynthetic pigment CHLOROPHYLL, which is associated with the membrane of THYLAKOIDS. Chloroplasts occur in cells of leaves and young stems of plants. They are also found in some forms of PHYTOPLANKTON such as HAPTOPHYTA; DINOFLAGELLATES; DIATOMS; and CRYPTOPHYTA.
Substances released by PLANTS such as PLANT GUMS and PLANT RESINS.
A compound obtained from the bark of the white willow and wintergreen leaves. It has bacteriostatic, fungicidal, and keratolytic actions.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Knobbed structures formed from and attached to plant roots, especially of LEGUMES, which result from symbiotic infection by nitrogen fixing bacteria such as RHIZOBIUM or FRANKIA. Root nodules are structures related to MYCORRHIZAE formed by symbiotic associations with fungi.
Electrophoresis in which a polyacrylamide gel is used as the diffusion medium.
A kingdom of eukaryotic, heterotrophic organisms that live parasitically as saprobes, including MUSHROOMS; YEASTS; smuts, molds, etc. They reproduce either sexually or asexually, and have life cycles that range from simple to complex. Filamentous fungi, commonly known as molds, refer to those that grow as multicellular colonies.
The reproductive cells of plants.
Agents that are used to stimulate evacuation of the bowels.
A large family of narrow-leaved herbaceous grasses of the order Cyperales, subclass Commelinidae, class Liliopsida (monocotyledons). Food grains (EDIBLE GRAIN) come from members of this family. RHINITIS, ALLERGIC, SEASONAL can be induced by POLLEN of many of the grasses.
That portion of the electromagnetic spectrum in the visible, ultraviolet, and infrared range.
Symbiotic combination (dual organism) of the MYCELIUM of FUNGI with the roots of plants (PLANT ROOTS). The roots of almost all higher plants exhibit this mutually beneficial relationship, whereby the fungus supplies water and mineral salts to the plant, and the plant supplies CARBOHYDRATES to the fungus. There are two major types of mycorrhizae: ectomycorrhizae and endomycorrhizae.
Oils derived from plants or plant products.
A plant genus of the family Cruciferae. It contains many species and cultivars used as food including cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, Brussel sprouts, kale, collard greens, MUSTARD PLANT; (B. alba, B. junica, and B. nigra), turnips (BRASSICA NAPUS) and rapeseed (BRASSICA RAPA).
The fertilizing element of plants that contains the male GAMETOPHYTES.
The arrangement of two or more amino acid or base sequences from an organism or organisms in such a way as to align areas of the sequences sharing common properties. The degree of relatedness or homology between the sequences is predicted computationally or statistically based on weights assigned to the elements aligned between the sequences. This in turn can serve as a potential indicator of the genetic relatedness between the organisms.
The protoplasm and plasma membrane of plant, fungal, bacterial or archaeon cells without the CELL WALL.
The failure of PLANTS to complete fertilization and obtain seed (SEEDS) as a result of defective POLLEN or ovules, or other aberrations. (Dict. of Plant Genet. and Mol. Biol., 1998)
The species Oryctolagus cuniculus, in the family Leporidae, order LAGOMORPHA. Rabbits are born in burrows, furless, and with eyes and ears closed. In contrast with HARES, rabbits have 22 chromosome pairs.
A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
A plant genus of the family POACEAE that is the source of EDIBLE GRAIN. A hybrid with rye (SECALE CEREALE) is called TRITICALE. The seed is ground into FLOUR and used to make BREAD, and is the source of WHEAT GERM AGGLUTININS.
The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.
The initial stages of the growth of SEEDS into a SEEDLINGS. The embryonic shoot (plumule) and embryonic PLANT ROOTS (radicle) emerge and grow upwards and downwards respectively. Food reserves for germination come from endosperm tissue within the seed and/or from the seed leaves (COTYLEDON). (Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)
A large plant family of the order Asterales, subclass Asteridae, class Magnoliopsida. The family is also known as Compositae. Flower petals are joined near the base and stamens alternate with the corolla lobes. The common name of "daisy" refers to several genera of this family including Aster; CHRYSANTHEMUM; RUDBECKIA; TANACETUM.
An element with the atomic symbol N, atomic number 7, and atomic weight [14.00643; 14.00728]. Nitrogen exists as a diatomic gas and makes up about 78% of the earth's atmosphere by volume. It is a constituent of proteins and nucleic acids and found in all living cells.
A variable annual leguminous vine (Pisum sativum) that is cultivated for its rounded smooth or wrinkled edible protein-rich seeds, the seed of the pea, and the immature pods with their included seeds. (From Webster's New Collegiate Dictionary, 1973)
The normality of a solution with respect to HYDROGEN ions; H+. It is related to acidity measurements in most cases by pH = log 1/2[1/(H+)], where (H+) is the hydrogen ion concentration in gram equivalents per liter of solution. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
A class of organic compounds known as STEROLS or STEROIDS derived from plants.
A plant genus of the family POACEAE. The EDIBLE GRAIN, barley, is widely used as food.
An annual legume. The SEEDS of this plant are edible and used to produce a variety of SOY FOODS.
Prolonged dry periods in natural climate cycle. They are slow-onset phenomena caused by rainfall deficit combined with other predisposing factors.
The study of the origin, structure, development, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of plants.
Liquid chromatographic techniques which feature high inlet pressures, high sensitivity, and high speed.
Porphyrin derivatives containing magnesium that act to convert light energy in photosynthetic organisms.
The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.
The outermost layer of a cell in most PLANTS; BACTERIA; FUNGI; and ALGAE. The cell wall is usually a rigid structure that lies external to the CELL MEMBRANE, and provides a protective barrier against physical or chemical agents.

Dietary isoflavones: biological effects and relevance to human health. (1/1051)

Substantial evidence indicates that diets high in plant-based foods may explain the epidemiologic variance of many hormone-dependent diseases that are a major cause of mortality and morbidity in Western populations. There is now an increased awareness that plants contain many phytoprotectants. Lignans and isoflavones represent two of the main classes of phytoestrogens of current interest in clinical nutrition. Although ubiquitous in their occurrence in the plant kingdom, these bioactive nonnutrients are found in particularly high concentrations in flaxseeds and soybeans and have been found to have a wide range of hormonal and nonhormonal activities that serve to provide plausible mechanisms for the potential health benefits of diets rich in phytoestrogens. Data from animal and in vitro studies provide convincing evidence for the potential of phytoestrogens in influencing hormone-dependent states; although the clinical application of diets rich in these estrogen mimics is in its infancy, data from preliminary studies suggest beneficial effects of importance to health. This review focuses on the more recent studies pertinent to this field and includes, where appropriate, the landmark and historical literature that has led to the exponential increase in interest in phytoestrogens from a clinical nutrition perspective.  (+info)

Selective killing of CD8+ cells with a 'memory' phenotype (CD62Llo) by the N-acetyl-D-galactosamine-specific lectin from Viscum album L. (2/1051)

As reported previously by our group, among the toxic proteins from Viscum album L. only the mistletoe lectins (MLs) induce the apoptotic killing pathway in human lymphocytes. Although one may expect a homogenous distribution of carbohydrate domains on cell surface receptors for the carbohydrate binding B chains of the toxic protein, the sensitivity of cells to these B chains obviously differ. Here we report a selective killing of CD8+ CD62Llo cells from healthy individuals by the galNAc-specific ML III (and RCA60, which binds to gal and galNAc), while the gal-specific ML I was less effective. This selective killing is not sufficiently explained by protein synthesis inhibition alone, since this subset was not affected by other ribosome inhibiting proteins such as the lectin from Ricinus communis (RCA120), lectin from Abrus precatorus (APA), abrin A, and inhibitors of RNA, DNA and/or protein synthesis such as actinomycin D, mitomycin C, and cycloheximide. We conclude that CD8+ cells with 'memory' phenotype (CD62Llo) are more sensitive to the ML III-mediated killing than their CD8+ CD62Lhi counterparts, CD4+ T cells, and CD19+ B cells. These cells probably express a distinct receptor with galNAc domains that is missing or not active on CD8+ cells with a 'naive' phenotype.  (+info)

Mistletoe lectin activates caspase-8/FLICE independently of death receptor signaling and enhances anticancer drug-induced apoptosis. (3/1051)

Mistletoe lectin I (ML-I) is a major active component in plant extracts of Viscum album that is increasingly used in adjuvant cancer therapy. ML-I exerts potent immunomodulating and cytotoxic effects, although its mechanism of action is largely unknown. We show that treatment of leukemic T- and B-cell lines with ML-I induced apoptosis, which required the prior activation of proteases of the caspase family. The involvement of caspases is demonstrated because (a) a peptide caspase inhibitor almost completely prevented ML-I-induced cell death and (b) proteolytic activation of caspase-8, caspase-9, and caspase-3 was observed. Because caspase-8 has been implicated as a regulator of apoptosis mediated by death receptors, we further investigated a potential receptor involvement in ML-I-induced effects. Cell death triggered by ML-I was neither attenuated in cell clones resistant to CD95 nor in cells that were rendered refractory to other death receptors by overexpressing a dominant-negative FADD mutant. In contrast, ML-I triggered a receptor-independent mitochondria-controlled apoptotic pathway because it rapidly induced the release of cytochrome c into the cytosol. Because ML-I was also observed to enhance the cytotoxic effect of chemotherapeutic drugs, these data may provide a molecular basis for clinical trials using MLs in anticancer therapy.  (+info)

Effects of soy or rye supplementation of high-fat diets on colon tumour development in azoxymethane-treated rats. (4/1051)

Evidence is accumulating that a diet high in plant-derived foods may be protective against cancer. One class of plant component under increasing investigation is the phytoestrogens of which there are two main groups: the isoflavones, found mainly in soy products, and the lignans, which are more ubiquitous and are found in fruit, vegetables and cereals with high levels being found in flaxseed. In this study, we have used carefully balanced high-fat (40% energy) diets: a control diet (containing low isoflavone soy protein as the sole protein source), a rye diet (the control diet supplemented with rye bran) and a soy diet (containing as protein source a high isoflavone soy protein). The effect of these diets on the development of colonic cancer was studied in F-344 rats treated with the carcinogen, azoxymethane (two doses of 15 mg/kg given 1 week apart). Colons from treated animals were examined for aberrant crypt foci (ACF) and tumours after 12 and 31 weeks. Results after 12 weeks showed no differences in the total number of ACF in the control, soy or rye bran groups. However, the soy group had increased numbers of small ACF (less than four crypts/focus) while the rye group had decreased numbers of large ACF (greater than six crypts/focus). Examination of colons after 31 weeks gave similar low numbers of ACF in each group with no differences in multiplicity. There were no differences in the number of tumours between the control (1.36 tumours/rat) and soy (1.38 tumours/rat) groups. However, there was a significant decrease in the number of tumours in the rye group (0.17 tumours/rat). These results suggest that soy isoflavones have no effect on the frequency of colonic tumours in this model while rye bran supplementation decreases the frequency of colon cancer. This effect is due not to a decrease in early lesions but in their progression to larger multi-crypt ACF. The study also supports the hypothesis that larger ACF are more predictive of subsequent tumorigenicity.  (+info)

Incorporation of esterified soybean isoflavones with antioxidant activity into low density lipoprotein. (5/1051)

We have recently reported that dietary intake of soybean isoflavone phytoestrogens resulted in increased oxidation resistance of isolated low density lipoprotein (LDL). In order to explore the underlying mechanisms we designed two types of in vitro experiments. First, we prepared several different isoflavone fatty acid esters to increase their lipid solubility and studied their incorporation into LDL. Second, the oxidation resistance of the isoflavone-containing LDLs was investigated with Esterbauer's 'conjugated diene' method using Cu2+ as prooxidant. Unesterified daidzein and genistein as well as genistein stearic acid esters were incorporated into LDL to a relatively small extent (0.33 molecules per LDL particle, or less) and they did not significantly influence oxidation resistance. The oleic acid esters of isoflavones were incorporated more effectively, reaching a level of 2.19 molecules per LDL particle or more, and the 4',7-O-dioleates of daidzein and genistein exhibited prolongations of lag times by 46% (P<0.05) and 202% (P<0.01), respectively. A smaller but significant increase in lag time (20.5%, P<0.01) was caused by daidzein 7-mono-oleate. In summary, esterification of soybean isoflavones daidzein and genistein with fatty acids at different hydroxyl groups provided lipophilicity needed for incorporation into LDL. Some isoflavone oleic acid esters increased oxidation resistance of LDL following their incorporation.  (+info)

Mistletoe lectin dissociates into catalytic and binding subunits before translocation across the membrane to the cytoplasm. (6/1051)

Hybridomas producing monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) against the mistletoe lectin A-chain (MLA) were obtained to investigate the intracellular routing and translocation of ribosome-inactivating proteins. Anti-MLA mAb MNA5 did not bind the holotoxin but interacted with isolated MLA. This epitope was not recognized upon MLA denaturation or conjugation of MLA with the ricin binding subunit (RTB). Furthermore, the mAbs did not appreciably react with a panel of MLA synthetic octapeptides linked to the surface of polyethylene pins. A study of the cytotoxicity of mistletoe lectin, ricin, and chimeric toxin MLA/RTB for the hybridomas revealed that interchain disulfide bond reduction and subunit dissociation are required for cytotoxic activity of mistletoe lectin.  (+info)

Cloning of the mistletoe lectin gene and characterization of the recombinant A-chain. (7/1051)

Mistletoe lectin I (MLI) is the major active constituent of mistletoe extracts, which are widely used for adjuvant tumour therapy. The 66-kDa heterodimeric disulphide-linked glycoprotein is classified as type II ribosome-inactivating protein (RIP) due to the rRNA-cleaving enzyme activity of the A-subunit, also referred to as toxic entity. MLI and the close relative ricin both belong to the family of the two-chain plant type II RIP proteins. Isolation of the glycosylated proteins from plant material yield inhomogeneous material probably due to post-translational modifications. The aim of this study was to prepare pure and homogeneous protein as a prerequisite for structural and mechanistic studies in order to gain insight into the mode of action of this cytotoxic plant protein on tumour and immune cells. Of particular interest was to explain whether the differences in toxicity of ML and ricin are the result of variations of their enzymatic activities. By investigating the sequence homologies between the active sites of different RIPs we were able to deduce a set of primers which were suitable for specific amplification of the mistletoe lectin gene. Applying this PCR strategy the full-length 1923 nucleotide DNA sequence coding for the prepro-protein was obtained showing the existence of a single intron-free gene. In order to elucidate the molecular basis for the observed differences in cytotoxicity within the family of RIP the enzymatic A-subunit was expressed in a heterologous system. Expression of the A-chain in E. coli BL21/pT7 resulted in production of insoluble inclusion bodies constituting 20-30% of total protein. Refolding led to a pure and homogeneous protein species with an apparent molecular mass of 27 kDa and a pI value of 6.4. The ribosome-inactivating activity of the unglycosylated recombinant A-chain (IC50 20.5 pM) protein was in the same range as that of the glycosylated plant-derived ML A-chain (IC50 3.7 pM), which was very similar to that of ricin A-chain (IC50 4.9 pM). Thus, the higher cytotoxicity of ricin cannot be accountable for differences in the enzymatic activities of the type II RIP A-chains.  (+info)

trans-Resveratrol inhibits calcium influx in thrombin-stimulated human platelets. (8/1051)

1. The phytoestrogenic compound trans-resveratrol (trans-3,5, 4'-trihydroxystilbene) is found in appreciable quantities in grape skins and wine. It has been shown that both products rich in trans-resveratrol and pure trans-resveratrol inhibit platelet aggregation both in vivo and in vitro. However the mechanism of this action still remains unknown. 2. An essential component of the aggregation process in platelets is an increase in intracellular free Ca2+ ([Ca2+]i). Ca2+ must enter the cell from the external media through specific and tightly regulated Ca2+ channels in the plasma membrane. The objective of this study was to characterize what effect trans-resveratrol had on the Ca2+ channels in thrombin stimulated platelets. 3. In this study we showed that trans-resveratrol immediately inhibited Ca2+ influx in thrombin-stimulated platelets with an IC50 of 0.5 microM. trans-Resveratrol at 0.1, 1.0 and 10.0 microM produced 20+/-6, 37+/-6 and 57+/-4% inhibition respectively of the effect of thrombin (0.01 u ml(-1)) to increase [Ca2+]i. 4. trans-Resveratrol also inhibited spontaneous Ba2+ entry into Fura-2 loaded platelets, with 0.1, 1.0 and 10.0 microM trans-resveratrol producing 10+/-5, 30+/-5 and 50+/-7% inhibition respectively. This indicated that trans-resveratrol directly inhibited Ca2+ channel activity in the platelets in the absence of agonist stimulation. 5. trans-Resveratrol also inhibited thapsigargin-mediated Ca2+ influx into platelets. This suggests that the store-operated Ca2+ channels are one of the possible targets of trans-resveratrol. These channels rely on the emptying of the internal Ca2+ stores to initiate influx of Ca2+ into the cell. 6. The phytoestrogens genistein, daidzein, apigenin and genistein-glucoside (genistin) produced inhibitory effects against thrombin similar to those seen with trans-resveratrol. 7. We conclude that trans-resveratrol is an inhibitor of store-operated Ca2+ channels in human platelets. This accounts for the ability of trans-resveratrol to inhibit platelet aggregation induced by thrombin.  (+info)

The severity of plant poisoning depends on the type of plant consumed, the amount ingested, and individual sensitivity. Some common plants that are toxic to humans include:

1. Castor bean (Ricinus communis): The seeds contain ricin, a deadly toxin that can cause severe vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal pain.
2. Oleander (Nerium oleander): All parts of the plant are toxic, and ingestion can cause cardiac arrhythmias, seizures, and death.
3. Rhododendron (Rhododendron spp.): The leaves and flowers contain grayanotoxins, which can cause vomiting, diarrhea, and difficulty breathing.
4. Taxus (Taxus spp.): The leaves, seeds, and stems of yew (Taxus baccata) and Pacific yew (Taxus brevifolia) contain a toxin called taxine, which can cause vomiting, diarrhea, and cardiac problems.
5. Aconitum (Aconitum spp.): Also known as monkshood or wolf's bane, all parts of the plant are toxic and can cause nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain.
6. Belladonna (Atropa belladonna): The leaves, stems, and roots contain atropine, which can cause dilated pupils, flushed skin, and difficulty urinating.
7. Deadly nightshade (Atropa belladonna): All parts of the plant are toxic and can cause nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain.
8. Hemlock (Conium maculatum): The leaves and seeds contain coniine and gamma-coniceine, which can cause muscle weakness, paralysis, and respiratory failure.
9. Lantana (Lantana camara): The berries are toxic and can cause vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal pain.
10. Oleander (Nerium oleander): All parts of the plant are toxic and can cause nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain.
11. Castor bean (Ricinus communis): The seeds are particularly toxic and can cause vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal pain.
12. Rhododendron (Rhododendron spp.): The leaves, stems, and flowers contain grayanotoxins, which can cause nausea, vomiting, and difficulty breathing.
13. Yew (Taxus spp.): The leaves, seeds, and stems of yew contain a toxin called taxine, which can cause vomiting, diarrhea, and cardiac problems.

It is important to note that while these plants are toxic, they can also be safely used in herbal remedies when prepared and administered properly under the guidance of a qualified practitioner. It is always best to consult with a medical professional before using any herbal remedy, especially if you have a medical condition or are pregnant or breastfeeding.

A coal preparation plant (CPP; also known as a coal handling and preparation plant (CHPP), coal handling plant, prep plant, ... invented the coal preparation plant. Blackwater (coal) Coal breaker Stuart Nicol, The Principles of Coal Preparation, 1997, p. ... The coal delivered from the mine that reports to the coal preparation plant is called run-of-mine, or ROM, coal. This is the ... 275 South African Coal Preparation Society Australian Coal Preparation Society China Coal Research Institute Coal Preparation ...
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Pharmaceutical substances (Plant, animal, and inorganic) 189-190.........................................Assay methods. ... Commercial preparations. Patent medicines 355-356.........................................Pharmaceutical supplies 400-431 ...
The Waterford nuclear power plant was also shut down on Sunday, August 28, in anticipation of Katrina's arrival. By August 26, ... Under Hurricane Pam's disaster plan, it was decided that preparations for the hurricane should have been happening for three ... This article covers the details of the Preparations for Hurricane Katrina, a major category 5 hurricane that devastated parts ... "The Select Bipartisan Committee to Investigate the Preparation for and Response to Hurricane Katrina". ...
Daily meal preparation and serving is one of the most basic of household functions and takes place multiple times a day. ... Gathering of wild plants was still an important economic activity and at Upper Mississippian sites sampled by flotation, the ... They may have been used in the building of subterranean houses; in preparation for a burial; or to dig the pit features which ... A wide variety of stone knives was used in the butchering of meat; preparation of hides; cutting fibers or ropes; processing of ...
USDA Plants Profile Flora of North America Media related to Cyperus articulatus at Wikimedia Commons Data related to Cyperus ... Potter's Cylopedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations. London: Potter & Clark. p. 4. Cook, Christopher D. K. (28 March 1996 ... "Cyperaceae". Aquatic and Wetland Plants of India: a reference book and identification manual for the vascular plants found in ... In the place where the warrior was last seen, a plant sprouted which also gave off his magnificent aroma; in his honor, this ...
"Frozen poultry preparations". Sial Paris. The Sial Paris Team. Retrieved 16 October 2016. Official websites K&N's Foods, USA. " ... K&N's Foods USA, LLC, a US based company, produces ready-to-cook and fully cooked chicken products at its manufacturing plant ... "K&N's Foods USA Manufacturing Plant". Oswego County. Retrieved 16 July 2015. News, Poultry. "K&N's Foods - Company ...
Preparation shop raw sludge; - Kiln clinker; - Section of cement; - Silos for storage of cement and cement packing plant in ... Region's industrial output production capacity is very high due to the plants situated in Akhangaran. One of the biggest plant ... The company is one of the largest plants of the republic for the production of cement. It is put into operation and start ... The main production units of the company are: - Mining complex, including limestone mining plant and workshop production of ...
Preparation of yarn and fabric samples, etc. Production on various machines. In plant training program for managerial staff ... Project preparation and appraisal. Computer equipment services like computer aided designing (CAD), computer color matching ( ...
International Plant Names Index. J.J.Bruhl. Wikispecies has information related to Jeremy James Bruhl. (Articles with short ... Telopea in preparation, 2004. (with Xiufu, Z., Wilson, K.L.) Sympodial Structure of Spikelets in the Tribe Schoeneae ( ... 1956-)". The International Plant Name Index. Retrieved 11 May 2018. "Harvard University Herbaria & Libraries". "Professor ... Beadle Herbarium which holds c.110,000 plant specimens. He has written on many species, in particular, on the genera ...
Ciaraldi, Marina (2000). "Drug preparation in evidence? An unusual plant and bone assemblage from the Pompeian countryside, ... in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Industrial Profile, 1996 [1] Stata Norton, Molecular Interventions 6:60-66, 2006 probably th ...
Another popular preparation contains katta sambol, a paste made of chili, shallots, Maldive fish (a preparation of dried fish) ... In Baganda, the Casava plant tubers are called Muwogo. The cassava is usually peeled, cleaned and cooked in various ways. It ... Some preparations call for the use of saffron to make tapioca yellowish in color, with or without adding peppercorn and scraped ... Traditional methods of preparation include steaming, mashing, grating, boiling, and frying. It is made into bibingka, suman, ...
Yang SF, Hoffman NE (1984). "Ethylene biosynthesis and its regulation in higher plants". Annu. Rev. Plant Physiol. 35: 155-89. ... Cohen JB (1930). Practical Organic Chemistry (preparation 4). Macmillan. ... Ethylene is also an important natural plant hormone and is used in agriculture to force the ripening of fruits. The hydrate of ... Ethylene is a hormone that affects the ripening and flowering of many plants. It is widely used to control freshness in ...
No further preparation is needed. The continuous filament polyester fibers are gathered together in a bundle of 7-15 fibers and ... The spun polyester warp yarns are specially prepared by a yarn manufacturer and are shipped to the hose plant. ... Fire hose is usually manufactured in a plant that specializes in providing hose products to municipal, industrial, and forestry ...
Plants used in traditional Native American medicine, Bird food plants, Plants described in 1797, Berries, Plants used in Native ... Waugh, F. W. (1916). Iroquis Foods and Food Preparation. Ottawa: Canada Department of Mines. p. 128. Densmore 1928, p. 321. ... The PLANTS Database ( Greensboro, North Carolina: National Plant Data Team. Retrieved 24 January 2018. Heller ... Ribes is listed a plant pest in Michigan and the planting of it in certain parts of the state is prohibited. Alaska Natives use ...
Often, an infection arises from home-preparation of contaminated meat, in which case microscopy of the meat may be used to ... USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service APHIS - Veterinary Services. Retrieved February 11, 2009, "Trichinae Herd ... Wild game: Wild game meat must be cooked thoroughly (see meat preparation above) Freezing wild game does not kill all ... The USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) is responsible for the regulations concerning the importation of ...
Infusion - the process of soaking plant matter, such as fruits or tea leaves, in a liquid, such as water or alcohol, so as to ... The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to food preparation: Food preparation is an art form and ... Meal preparation - the process of planning meals. Chef - a person who cooks professionally for other people. Although over time ... Smoking - the process of flavoring, cooking, or preserving food by exposing it to the smoke from burning or smoldering plant ...
Madan RK, Levitt J (April 2014). "A review of toxicity from topical salicylic acid preparations". Journal of the American ... Plant hormones frequently regulate the concentrations of other plant hormones. Plants also move hormones around the plant ... The biosynthesis of plant hormones within plant tissues is often diffuse and not always localized. Plants lack glands to ... They are used to regulate the growth of cultivated plants, weeds, and in vitro-grown plants and plant cells; these manmade ...
The plant mixture had diuretic properties that were seen to relieve renal colic by relaxing the ureter and acting as a diuretic ... Ammi Visnaga preparations are commercially available and very common; however, the amount of Khellin and other ingredients ... It is a major constituent of the plant Ammi Visnaga, existing between 0.3 and 1.2% in the leaves and seeds. Bishop's Weed is a ... It is a major constituent of the plant Ammi visnaga, also known as Bishop's Weed. Once purified, khellin exists as colorless, ...
Preparation of further steps and infrastructure. Phase 2: Decommissioning of large components in the containment building Phase ... On Friday, November 14, 2003, at 8:32 a.m. the Stade nuclear power plant was shut down. E.ON, the company operating the plant ... The power plant was built by Siemens and went online on May 19, 1972 shortly after having reached the first criticality on ... The power plant was decommissioned in five phases, which were expected to be completed by 2015. Phase 1: Decommissioning of ...
Attokaran, Mathew (2017-01-07). "Chapter 6. Preparation of Plant Material for Extraction". Natural Food Flavors and Colorants ( ... In tropical areas, garlic most successfully grows when planted in Autumn, maturing in early summer and is planted in later ... Softneck and Hardneck garlic are planted identically, however, Softneck garlics are more suited to warmer climates. Garlic must ... Garlic cloves thrive when planted in mid-autumn, in a location with plentiful sunlight. ...
The herbal preparation is sold locally. Conservationists in Uganda are concerned that demand for the plant is such that the ... Plant Gene Resources of Canada: Taxon: Citropsis articulata Archived 2012-02-12 at the Wayback Machine Swingle, W. T., rev. P. ... is a species of flowering plant in the citrus family, Rutaceae. It is native to tropical West Africa. The species is usually a ...
... the psychoactive components of the plant may be deactivated by the cooking processes employed in the preparation of the plant ... At a very early period the Chinese recognized the Cannabis plant as dioecious, the male plants produce better fibers and the ... Li Hui-Lin notes this plant "has not been noted as a hallucinogenic plant in modern works. In fact, as far as I am aware, it ... List of psilocybin mushrooms List of psychedelic drugs List of psychoactive plants List of psychoactive plants, fungi, and ...
Abandoned food preparation hut Abandoned farm. In the distance you can see the Belarusian farm with a water tower Soviet Period ... Ignalina Nuclear Power Plant Regional Development Agency. Augustinas, Voldemaras (2015-07-14). "Augustinas Voldemaras , About ...
The plant was located on the south side of the Little Kanawha River a tributary of the Ohio River. Oakes left the firm in 1875 ... There he began to study chemical manufacturing and pharmaceutical preparations. In 1873 Bloede moved to Pomeroy, Ohio, the ... which was supplied in barrels by coal tar distilleries and gas plants. Lacking a distillation column, he used an old boiler ... a hydroelectric dam which impounds the Patapsco River to serve as a power generating plant for the Patapsco Electric & ...
Lim, T.K. (2015). "Panax Ginseng". Edible Medicinal and Non Medicinal Plants. Springer. p. 511. ISBN 978-94-017-9511-1. ... Traditional foods : history, preparation, processing and safety. Mohammed Al-Khusaibi, Nasser Al-Habsi, Mohammad Shafiur Rahman ...
... preparation of press statements about professional matters. Authorization of building projects (installations such as power, ... illumination, audio-visual etc.) EMO annually supervises earthing and elevators in the industrial plants and buildings. ...
... planting and care of trees; land preparation, seed selection and crop rotation; wheat pairing; orange tree cultivation, etc. ... A Decree of the 5th November1934 "made it compulsory to fit guards to machines for the preparation of macaroni and similar ... Of the nationalization of the Power Plants. 33. Of the nationalization of the telegraphs. 34. Of the nationalization of the ... creation of the State Power Plants, the Mortgage Bank, the Insurance Bank and the State railways and trams; creation of the ...
... any extract from any part of that plant, and every compound, [...] derivative, mixture, or preparation of that plant". The bill ... Chicago Sun-Times editorial (2007-12-31). "Lawmakers manage to outlaw licking an obscure plant". Chicago Sun-Times. Archived ... "Lessons in The Use of Mazatec Psychoactive Plants". The Salvia divinorum Research and Information Center. Retrieved 2007-10-19 ... March 2007 news of the bill's passage on Reboletti's website alleged that Salvia is a powerful psychoactive plant which in ...
From experiments with different day lengths, maca is a short-day plant. Some sources consider the maca to be an annual plant, ... Traditionally, land preparation was done by hand. Nowadays, tractor plowing also is used. As maca grows on sites where no other ... Thus, only relatively few plants are needed for propagation. The plants for cultivation are selected for preferred size and ... Plants described in 1843, Medicinal plants of South America). ... One plant is capable of forming up to 1000 tiny seeds, 1600 of ...
The plant replaced the old 22 MW power station at the original Melones Dam; on average it generates about four times as much ... foundation preparations and excavations for the future outlet works. A diversion tunnel to allow the river to bypass the dam ... The dam's hydroelectric power plant is located at its base on the north side of the river, and has a rated hydraulic head of ... As the reservoir filled, work moved ahead on the power plant and generating units, which were all completed by the end of 1978 ...
Womp is awarded 'Man of Fist' for the second time in a row, and Steve finishes Cook by planting his own Fistworthy flag in the ... After a long preparation, in which Mephisto builds a highly advanced catapult (which Steve criticises for being based on ...
Food coloring Colorings are added to food to replace colors lost during preparation, or to make food look more attractive. ... Mustard plant - Mustard seed - Natamycin - preservative Neohesperidin dihydrochalcone - artificial sweetener Niacin (vitamin B3 ... Note that amaranth dye is unrelated to the amaranth plant Amaranth oil - high in squalene and unsaturated fatty acids - used in ...
George walks in with the hairpin murder weapon and asks Candice why she planted this evidence in his hotel room, thus ... in preparation for a visit from three talent agents. The academy director Dick Gibson (Claudio Cassinelli) meets with TV ...
43-44 Weld himself was seeking to continue his preparation for a career as a minister. As he put it in his report, "though I ... scion of a wealthy planting family. Up from Alabama journeyed two others of Weld's disciples, the sons of the Rev. Dr. Allan. ...
In preparation for the penalty shoot-out, both clubs made last-minute substitutions; Manchester United brought on Anderson in ... Terry lost his footing when planting his standing foot by the ball, and, even though Van der Sar was sent the wrong way, ...
Animals are known to thrive upon this plant; both its leaves and roots provide a nutritious food. George Henderson, a 20th- ... Wright, Clifford A. (2001) Mediterranean Vegetables: a cook's ABC of vegetables and their preparation in Spain, France, Italy, ... "Sorting Beta names". Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database. The University of Melbourne. Archived from the original on ...
Prospecting for Gold Preparation of samples for assay Recovery of gold amalgam from a battery Preparation of battery plates ... He published Hints to Prospectors and Owners of Treatment Plants in 1933. This was popular all over Australia and grew in size ... Corbet, H.A; Royal Mint (Great Britain). Perth Branch (1946), Hints to prospectors and to the owners of treatment plants (8th ( ... 7th edition Royal Mint (Great Britain). Perth Branch (1933), Hints to prospectors and to the owners of treatment plants (3rd ed ...
A medical center, aircraft rescue and firefighting stations, hotels, convention centers, power plants, and wastewater treatment ... took the project tender to court on grounds that the project violated the existing legislation for the preparation of the ...
It hit airfields, V-weapon launching sites, bridges and other objectives in preparations for Operation Overlord, the invasion ... and began operations on 4 February 1944 with a strike on an aircraft assembly plant near Brunswick. Its strategic targets ...
Gardens were first planted along the banks of the Chindwu in Homalin Township around 1700. Several villages such as Tamanthi, ... the town was combed thoroughly to remove any Japanese soldiers and this was followed by further preparations to counter any ...
In preparation for war, Rolls Royce and the British Government searched for a location for a shadow factory to ensure ... In 2000, BMW's new Rolls-Royce Motor Cars division announced that they would build a manufacturing plant on the historic ... 500M in the two years after its takeover of the Crewe plant. It also revived development on the Rolls-Royce V8 which it owned ... Motor vehicle assembly plants in the United Kingdom, Buildings and structures in Crewe, British shadow factories, Volkswagen ...
In preparation for a PLATO demo in Teheran, that Bruce Sherwood would participate in, Sherwood worked with Don Lee to implement ... Eskom successfully used PLM (PLATO learning management) and simulations to train power plant operators, South African Airways ( ... The college was one of 10 teacher preparation institutions in kwaZulu, most of them much smaller. In many ways Madadeni was ... used to train Con Edison steam plant operators. Before the 1944 G.I. Bill that provided free college education to World War II ...
Among them were the hospitals, the water works, gas plant and the energy plant. Local ceasefire agreements were signed on a ... Believing this move to be part of the preparations to break through the Ukrainian siege, Col. Stefaniv prepared a general ...
In late 2011 four Tulsa police officers were convicted of stealing money from crime scenes and planting drugs at others. As a ... "Written Examination Orientation and Preparation Guide" (PDF). City of Tulsa Police Department. I/O Solutions, Inc. for the City ...
... an emergency power plant and a telephone exchange. A cypher room and strong room were also provided. The building had its own ... and the drawings for the preparation of the site were stamped "SECRET". It is likely that the building was constructed by the ... from the main part of the building was constructed to the west of the main building and provided air conditioning plant and ...
... controlling feral plants and animals, assisting in the preparation of management plans and enforcing park rules. QPWS also ...
Strong wind gusts downed nearly 1,500 power lines and knocked over 28 large high tension wire towers at a power plant in Mariel ... reduced its staff to only 200 people in preparation for the hurricane, and secured all Space Shuttles by sealing them in their ...
Boeing, which delivered the U.S. Air Force's last C-17 in September 2013, plans to close the Long Beach plant by the end of ... 12 July The U.S.-led coalition conducts 29 airstrikes against 67 Islamic State targets in Ramadi, Iraq, in preparation for a ... Local residents claim the dead were civilians working in a bottling plant, but the coalition responds that the raid killed ... Anonymous, "Last Boeing C-17 leaves Southern California assembly plant," Associated Press, 29 November 2015, 10:22 p.m. EST. ...
For example, the freight forwarder may arrange to have cargo moved from a plant to an airport by truck, flown to the ... carriers and NVOCCs as part of the freight charges on a bill of lading and is separate from other fees for document preparation ...
Until 1917, Wilson made minimal preparations for a land war and kept the United States Army on a small peacetime footing, ... 20 million to build a nitrate plant of its own. Preparedness supporters were downcast, the antiwar people were jubilant. The ...
Scientists believe the six American flags planted by astronauts have been bleached white because of more than 40 years of ... offering valuable lessons in preparation for a crewed Moon landing. Foremost among these are mastering the demands of re- ... plants, and bacteria. Despite the failure suffered in its final moments, the Zond 6 mission was reported by Soviet media as ...
"Beckman Instrument Plant at Newport Sold". Los Angeles Times. 3 October 1958. Investigation into FHA multiple dwelling projects ... It incorporated in 1960/61, in preparation for a $5 million initial public offering in 1962/63. By that time, Lesser estimated ...
In the last five years, millions of hectares have been newly planted in Brazil. Growth has been especially high in Central ... On the other hand, in 1998, the IBGE, within its preparation for the 2000 Census, experimentally introduced a question about " ...
In a Toronto Star article in 1990, Christopher Hume stated that the image of the petrochemical plant on the reverse was the ... in preparation for the change. The Bank of Canada stated that withdrawing most of the 300 million $1 banknotes from circulation ...
Horticulturists recommend that Russian tarragon be grown indoors from seed and planted out in the summer. The spreading plants ... The preparation of capillin and some related compounds, and of some substituted pent-4-en-2-yn-1-ones". J. Chem. Soc. 46: 2983- ... In Swedish and Dutch the plant is commonly known as dragon. The use of Dragon for the herb or plant in German is outdated. The ... Plants described in 1753, Flora of Europe, Flora of Asia, Flora of North America, Medicinal plants). ...
It is also used as a mutagen for crop selection of plants such as rice, barley or oats. Sodium azide can be fatally toxic, and ... It is used for the preparation of other azide compounds. It is an ionic substance, is highly soluble in water and is very ... Rodriguez-Kabana, R., Backman, P. A. and King, P.S., Plant Disease Reporter, 1975, Vol. 59, No. 6, pp. 528-532 (link) Awan, M. ... This method is suited for laboratory preparation of sodium azide: 2 NaNO2 + 2 C2H5OH + H2SO4 → 2 C2H5ONO + Na2SO4 + 2 H2O ...
The whole plant has a disagreeable odour, and its juice, subjected to the action of the fire, emits a vapour so powerful as to ... Chapters 69 to 73 describe "household recipes" and medical preparations. The final chapter, 74, offers "legal memoranda". There ... A separate section gives the overall preparation time, and the average cost as, for example, "9d. per quart". Many recipes ... and an ornamental flowerpot containing a strawberry plant. Another full-page colour plate (pictured) showed a variety of fruits ...
... is a genus of flowering plants in the family Rhamnaceae. The 50 to 70 species it contains are native to tropical and ... A revision of the species in Madagascar and the other western Indian Ocean islands is in preparation, where the genus has an ...
Following a failed attempt to capture him in the plant, Muncher flees into Summerville and heads to Shandor's mines, leaving a ... physically manifest in preparation for their master's coming. The Ghostbusters foil Gozer's entry and neutralize it. As ... and it manifested after Rowan North planted his ionizer there. The creature plays the similar role to Slimer in the 1984 film ... in a selenium processing plant owned by his employer. Since then, he is trapped in the factory manager's office where the ...
Free Online GROWTH MOVEMENT OF PLANTS Practice & Preparation Tests. Search Result for growth movement of plants ...
Cultivation of Onion for Seed Purpose,Preparation of Land for Seed Purpose,Planting Method,Manuring. Cultivation of Onion for ... Cultivation of Onion for Seed Purpose,Preparation of Land for Seed Purpose,Planting Method,Manuring. ...
title = "SIU-Sim: A novel coal preparation plant simulator",. abstract = "Coal preparation plant simulators are used to study ... A novel coal preparation plant simulator (SIU-Sim) that maximizes the overall plant yield using a robust optimization tool and ... A novel coal preparation plant simulator (SIU-Sim) that maximizes the overall plant yield using a robust optimization tool and ... A novel coal preparation plant simulator (SIU-Sim) that maximizes the overall plant yield using a robust optimization tool and ...
This ecologically minded young naturalist tested the effectiveness of plant-based filters at removing key pollutants from ... Preparation of the Biofilters. The biofilter Using a 20-gallon aquarium, separated into halves by an acrylic barrier, I built ... Filtration by the plants. Finally, I believe the plants in both biofilters played a great role in removing phosphates, nitrates ... The drip line and media give the plants and the soil bacteria more time to act on the wastewater. Land-based plants also grow ...
Preparation plant foreman.. A. Applicants shall possess five years coal mining experience, at least one year shall be at a ... preparation plant, or appropriately related work experience approved by the chief. B. Applicants shall pass the preparation ... plant foreman and gas detection examinations. C. Applicants may be given three years credit for a degree in mining engineering ...
west cliff coal preparation plant west cliff coal preparation plant switi be. Engineer at the West Cliff Coal Preparation Plant ... Coal Preparation Plant Equipment For Sale. A coal preparation plant CPP is a facility that washes coal of soil and rock, ... Modular Coal Preparation Plants Schenck Process. Coal washing plants for the crushing, sizing, washing and drying of coal to ... Coal preparation plant,coal mine . Coal preparation design and manufacture. CGM provide the coal mine equipment inclurock coal ...
In this work, a combinatorial approach including plant tissue culture, untargeted metabolomics, and machine learning is ... but their production by these medicinal plants has not been characterized to date. ... an important family of natural bioactive compounds responsible for the medicinal properties attributed to Bryophyllum plants ( ... Sample Preparation and Extraction. Collected plant materials were frozen-dried and powdered to obtain fine particles that were ...
RPCAU Associate Professor Botany & Plant Physiology Preparation Book. RPCAU Associate Professor Botany & Plant Physiology Mock ... WBPDCL Chemist Preparation Guide. ₹760.00. Select options. * WBPDCL Assistant Manager (Civil) Preparation Guide. ₹760.00. ... WCD Rajasthan Anganwadi Supervisor Preparation Guide. ₹760.00. Select options. * WCD Karnataka Anganwadi Helper Preparation ...
Preparation involves stuffing animals (taxidermy) or preserving plants and animals.. Preparation is subject to authorisation ... You need a permit to conserve animals and plants (preparation), trade in wildlife and exhibit wildlife in zoos for professional ... Do you wish to help conserve animals and plants, trade in live animals and plants or display wildlife in a zoo? To do so, you ... Applicants for a preparation and trade permit must be natural persons. The applicant for an exhibition permit must be a natural ...
Specific Activity of Streptomyces albus Preparations for Bioreguilation of Cucumber Plant Authors. * Nataliia Levchyk M.M. ... Background. Scientific bases for the development of microbial-derived polycomponent preparations for plant growing, which show ... The ability of experimental preparations to influence the plant stress resistance requires additional study and makes it ... Specific Activity of Streptomyces albus Preparations for Bioreguilation of Cucumber Plant. Innov Biosyst Bioeng [Internet]. ...
Moisturizing plants that provide adequate moisture to the skin. Nutritive plants that supply those adequate nutrient ... dry skin How to prevent an cure dry skin The primary role of phytotherapy in the treatment of dry skin is to use those plants ... External use preparations to treat dry skin. Avocado masks are very effective to treat dry skin. * Avocado (Persea americana) ... Moisturizing plants that provide adequate moisture to the skin.. * Nutritive plants that supply those adequate nutrients for ...
Indian medicinal plants used in Ayurvedic preparations / A. C. Dey. By: Dey, A. CMaterial type: TextPublication details: Dehra ... Dun, India : Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, 1980. Description: 202 pSubject(s): Medicine, Ayurvedic , Plants, Medicinal , ...
Learn what a fertilizer really does, how and when to fertilize garden plants, and about the many different types of fertilizers ... Soil Preparation: How Do You Prepare Garden Soil for Planting?. *. Free Garden Seed Catalogs and Plant Catalogs ... For perennial plants, the timing depends on the plants growth cycle. Blueberries, for example, benefit when fertilizer is ... Potassium strengthens plants abilities to resist disease. Note the nitrogen (first number) is lower. Ever seen tomato plants ...
Homework resources in Power Plant Maintenance (MASS) Test - Other Tests - Standardized Tests Preparation ... Power Plant Maintenance (MASS) Test. Sort by: Rating. Title. Source. Were sorry. There is no content that matches your ...
The missing plants will be replanted to the end of October.. * To know the extended (with more plants) list is essential for ... Please download the current plant list from the homepage of our department. The number of potted plants is larger than what you ... Do not cause damage for plants, collecting plants or leaves is forbidden! ... Please observe the next rules to keep the whole of technical equipment and plants furthermore saving the order in greenhouse:. ...
1. Preparation. (. 15-30 minutes. ). • Read the general preparation in the "Classroom Management" chapter.. • Read about the ... Name three stages in the life of a flowering plant.. Seed, seedling (tiny plant), and mature plant with flower ... Most flowering plants rely on animals to pollinate them, and animals also help to disperse seeds of many plants. ... After the flower has been pollinated, the fruit or the seed will develop on the plant. The plant then gets further assistance ...
Appendix 1 Completeness check for the authorisation of a plant protection product, chemical preparation (doc, 1282 kb) ... Plant protection products Authorisation of plant protection products. The form is used to apply for an approval for a plant ... Plant protection training and certification Plant protection training and certification - submenu * Application to become a ... Inspection of plant protection application equipment Inspection of plant protection application equipment - submenu ...
... it was found that the microcapsules were able to be applied to the amplification detector of plant DNA by utilizing the ... a water soluble dye were prepared with the melting dispersion cooling method and applied to the amplification detector of plant ... Preparation of Microcapsules Containing Aqueous Solution of Azur B with Melting Dispersion Cooling Method and Application to ... Zhu, D.Y., Rong, M.Z. and Zhang, M.Q. (2013) Preparation and Characterization of Multiayered Microcapsule-Like Microreacter for ...
in preparation) Friedl, Carolin (Bachelor) Die historische Verbreitung der Grünlandorchidee Dactylorhiza majalis von 1790 bis ... Adaptive strategies of plants to environmental stress. *Effects of environmental stress on plant-plant interactions and ... Interacting effects of habitat filtering and shifting plant-plant interactions. Israel Journal of Plant Sciences dx.doi: ... Metz J, Tielbörger K (2016) Data from: Spatial and temporal aridity gradients provide poor proxies for plant-plant interactions ...
Preparation for trees or shrubs begins by excavating a hole for planting. A general rule is to dig a hole across that is twice ... Soil and Compost Preparation for Spring Planting in Your Lawn, Garden and Flower Beds. The winter months can seem to drag on to ... Soil and Compost Preparation for Spring Planting in Your Lawn, Garden and Flower Beds. October 2, 2013 ... Before planting grass seed or laying sod, the ground will need to be tilled to approximately four inches in depth and compost ...
Planting Your Coastal Roots Seeds. *Nursery Production Checklist. *Bumping Up Your Seedlings to Larger Pots ...
Our shrubs planting instructions and other shrubs culture will help in your success. ... Soil Preparation and Planting Shrubs. In general, most shrubs perform best in sites with well drained soil. The drainage in ... Do NOT keep the plants in the shipping boxes as this will reduce plant quality and may lead to plant disease or death. If the ... When possible, plant your new shrubs within 1-3 days after they have been received. If it is not possible to plant them within ...
Humanitarian Aid Food Preparation » Ex Army UK » Ex military vehicles and plant for sale ...
Preparation of Plant Extract. A sample of R. arboreum extract was prepared according to the method described in Gupta et al. [ ... Z.-R. Mashwani, T. Khan, M. A. Khan, and A. Nadhman, "Synthesis in plants and plant extracts of silver nanoparticles with ... and anticancer activities proving the plants medicinal value which suggests it as a safe source of plant extract for the ... "Effect of heating rate and plant species on the size and uniformity of silver nanoparticles synthesized using aromatic plant ...
Collection of Plant Materials. The plants Plumbago zeylanica (leaves), Hyoscyamus niger (roots) and Abultion indicum (leaves) ... Preparation of Extract. The dried powder material of Plumbago zeylanica (leaves): 50 gm, Hyoscyamus niger (roots):100 gm and ... S. N. Dwivedi for the identification of plants and also thankful to the Principal, Chordia Institute of Pharmacy, Indore M.P. ... The plant parts after collection were shade dried, powdered (40 mesh size) to get a coarse powder. ...
1) Direct Planting Under this method, mulberry cuttings are planted directly on the main farm. Without enough moisture a farmer ... Land Preparation. Land should be prepared by deeply ploughing up to a depth of 30-40 cm in order to loosen the soil. This ... 2) Deep digging around the mulberry plants after pruning exposes cutworms that are close to the plant. ... Preparation of Cuttings: Should be taken from mature shoots, 6-8 months old of about 1.5cm in diameter. , mostly the grey part ...
Good plant lighting will allow workers to do their jobs properly without strain, and expose dirt and other sources of ... The cost of site preparation. Availability of sufficient water of the right quality Adequate power supplies. Are there nearby ... Equipment using refrigeration should be sited so that a common plant room can be used for machinery which is not an integral ... The plant must be accommodated with sufficient clearance for its installation, removal and maintenance, while mobile equipment ...
... site preparation; trellis system; planting (including spacing and vine variety); training and pruning; irrigation pest ... Workers must first sever the canes from the plant, thus stopping the intake of water and nutrients to the fruit. The grapes are ...
This study investigated the utility of the full spectrum of secondary metabolites in different plant parts in three cannabis ... This study investigated the utility of the full spectrum of secondary metabolites in different plant parts in three cannabis ... Sample Preparation, Extraction, and Assay. A total of 82 plants representing 21 strains were harvested. Inflorescences, leaves ... except for one 5-CBD plant that was mixed with 4-CBD plants and plants of 15-THC that were mixed with 23-THC plants (Figure 3 ...
  • The cucumber seeds of the variety Konkurent were treated with solutions of the preparations and the growth stimulation, metabolic activity of plants, and the state of stress were determined. (
  • If you've already sown your seeds or planted seedlings, you can still gently work in granular fertilizer (not liquid fertilizer, which can burn young roots) around the plants. (
  • Over the years since 1999, the Botanical Dietary Supplements Research Centers of the NIH CARBON Program have studied many different preparations of many different botanicals, as well as a variety of phytochemicals present in those botanicals. (
  • A coal preparation plant CPP is a facility that washes coal of soil and rock, preparing it for transport to market. (
  • In addition, our method generated comparable microbiome profile data in plant roots and soils to that of using common commercially available DNA extraction kits, such as DNeasy PowerSoil Pro Kit and FastDNA SPIN Kit for Soil . (
  • If you've grown and harvested plants in your garden in the past, these crops took up the nutrients from the soil, and those nutrients should be replaced in the spring before more plants are grown there. (
  • For edible crops , fertilizer is usually applied in the spring and mixed into the garden soil before planting. (
  • To investigate the contents and features of drug-induced liver injury (DILI) database called LiverTox, as well as 37 herbal preparations included in this database. (
  • Secondly, detailed information of 37 herbal preparations included in the class of "Herbals and Dietary Supplements" were extracted, including drug name, origin, efficacy, constituents, type of liver injury, and manifestations, to perform a preliminary statistical analysis. (
  • Among the 37 herbal preparations, 28 had the risk of liver injury. (
  • Compared with the current knowledge in China, there were differences in the varieties and indications for herbal preparations with hepatotoxicity included in LiverTox, and many herbals with acknowledged hepatotoxicity in China were not included. (
  • The aim of the paper is an establishment of the biological activity of S. albus UN44 experimental preparations for cucumber plant bioregulation processes for further substantiation of optimization directions of ready-made forms and application methods. (
  • Coal preparation plant simulators are used to study flowsheet alternatives and determine product quality and quantity that can be produced under various operating conditions for individual circuits. (
  • A novel coal preparation plant simulator (SIU-Sim) that maximizes the overall plant yield using a robust optimization tool and selects the best plant cleaning circuit configuration based on maximum plant profitability is presented. (
  • The simulator also identifies the best operating conditions for individual circuits of a plant to satisfy multiple quality constraints for the overall clean coal product. (
  • A. Applicants shall possess five years coal mining experience, at least one year shall be at a preparation plant, or appropriately related work experience approved by the chief. (
  • Coal preparation design and manufacture. (
  • CGM provide the coal mine equipment inclurock coal feeder, coal screen for coal preparation plant. (
  • 06/08/2010 · Hello We are looking for new and refurbished coal washing plants capable of washing all sizes of coal with a good range of controls. (
  • For coal combustion, both the thermal power plant and industrial coalfired boiler are the two main appliion fields. (
  • Used Coal preparation equipment for sale Coal mobile crusher Equipment India Costeffective Modular Coal Preparation Plants. (
  • Analysis of coal preparation plants for applicability of the National Electrical Code. (
  • A survey was conducted relating to the current practices for the classification of hazardous locations in coal preparation plants. (
  • Coal preparation plant operations and designers as well as Mining Enforcement and Safety Administration (MESA) inspectors were interviewed. (
  • Data provided by MESA on fire and explosion accidents in coal preparation plants were examined. (
  • Part I provides a summary of the findings and part II consists of recommended uniform guidelines that may be used for interpreting the National Electrical Code as it applies to the classification of hazardous areas in coal preparation plants. (
  • Indian medicinal plants used in Ayurvedic preparations / A. C. Dey. (
  • Eleven methanol extracts from these plants were studied for their antibacterial and antifungal properties against reference strains and multi-drug resistant clinical bacteria isolates. (
  • However, to the authors' knowledge, none of these simulators have the ability to optimize plant performance while satisfying multiple product quality constraints and selecting the most profitable flowsheet from many alternatives. (
  • The land-based filter used nut grass weeds (Cyperus rotundus) planted in layers of dirt, sand and peat moss, all on top of cheesecloth and wire mesh so that water seeping down through the media would collect below. (
  • Root microbiota , which inhabit the inside and surface of plant roots , play a significant role in plant growth and health . (
  • We found a buffer with AMPure XP magnetic beads enabled efficient extraction of microbial DNA directly from plant roots . (
  • Faust, 1998) I hypothesized that natural filters utilizing plants and their associated growth media (and microflora) could filter common household pollutants from wastewater. (
  • Plant growth-promoting bacteria: Mechanisms and applications. (
  • For perennial flowering plants , fertilize before growth begins in the spring. (
  • For perennial plants, the timing depends on the plant's growth cycle. (
  • this may actually inhibit your plants' growth. (
  • long before the hard work of planting truly paid off, we would surely move again, buy some more saplings, and start all over. (
  • Nutritive plants that supply those adequate nutrients for perfect skin health. (
  • plants often need an application of fertilizer to get the nutrients that they need. (
  • Apply fertilizer with caution, though: The only thing worse than starving a plant of nutrients is to accidentally overfertilize it. (
  • Plants use only the nutrients that they need. (
  • Tomatoes and potatoes will need extra fertilizer mid-season as the plants take up and use existing nutrients. (
  • These three numbers refer to the three most important nutrients plants need: Nitrogen (N), Phosphorus (P), and Potassium (K). The numbers refer to the percentage of weight of each nutrient in the bag. (
  • B. Applicants shall pass the preparation plant foreman and gas detection examinations. (
  • Applicants for a preparation and trade permit must be natural persons. (
  • Here, we have increased sample handling efficiency in a two-step PCR amplification protocol for 16S rRNA gene sequencing of plant root microbiota , improving DNA extraction using AMPure XP magnetic beads and PCR purification using exonuclease . (
  • The form is used to submit annual amounts of plant protection products placed on the market. (
  • 1. Although most clinical studies focus on THC and CBD, increasing amounts of evidence show that whole plant extract has additional benefits when compared to single cannabinoids. (
  • The results of the research are the basis for studying new biologically active products of S. albus UN44 and optimization of the ready-made forms of preparations, namely sterile liquid form and dry complex preparation, as well as preparations of certain metabolites with target highly specific activity. (
  • Botanicals can come in many forms, such as capsules, dried teas, or liquid preparations. (
  • High throughput method of 16S rRNA gene sequencing library preparation for plant root microbial community profiling. (
  • Our method offers a simple and high-throughput option for maintaining the quality of plant root microbial community profiling. (
  • Plant-based biofilters might be used to filter wastewater before returning it safely to the environment, to provide "gray water" for uses other than consumption, or as low-cost prefilters to make filtration of drinking water more efficient. (
  • British Library EThOS: The preparation of micropropagated plantlets for transplantation. (
  • 6. Preparation of specifiions (specifiion sheets) in proper form for use by the project team as well as for the purchasing function. (
  • Hampton Creek's data scientists are actively weeding out billions of proteins from hundreds of thousands of plants to learn what could form the equivalent of a chicken's egg. (
  • The form is used to apply for an approval for a plant protection product. (
  • The form is used to apply for changes to an approved plant protection product or its removal from the register. (
  • While a spring application is a good general rule, understand that what plants really need is help when they are growing the most. (
  • Do not cause damage for plants, collecting plants or leaves is forbidden! (
  • For the first time, the ability of S. albus UN44 biopreparations to influence the proline content in cucumber plants, and therefore their stress resistance, is shown. (
  • We use fertilizer to make our plants grow better, but when is the best time to apply fertilizer? (
  • Why spend all that money, time, and energy planting trees that we won't even be able to enjoy? (
  • Ten Nigerian plants suggested from their ethnomedical uses to possess antimicrobial and antioxidant activities were studied for their anti-microbial and anti-oxidant properties. (
  • Construction expenses are roughly __________ percent of the total direct cost of the plant. (
  • Tracing the Evolution of Shiitake Mushrooms Understanding Lentinula genomes and their evolution could provide strategies for converting plant waste into sugars for biofuel production. (
  • Scientific bases for the development of microbial-derived polycomponent preparations for plant growing, which show a wide specificity of biological action. (
  • The development of biological product for plant growing on the basis of Streptomyces albus . (
  • The water-based filter used a dwarf water lily (Nymphaea) bedded in a mound of sand and floating duckweed (Lemna minor) plants in about five inches of water. (
  • SAND PREPARATION PLANT_Baoding Well Foundry Machinery Co. , Ltd. (
  • The sand preparation plant is for burned sand regeneration and mold sand mixing of the automatic horizontal multi-piston molding, automatic vertical flaskless molding and mechanization molding lines. (
  • The European Federation of Associations of Health Product Manufacturers (EHPM) has launched a petition defending the use of Aloe and other plants in food supplements in response to proposed changes affecting botanicals containing Hydroxyanthracene Derivatives. (
  • This project tested whether "biofilters"-filters based on living plants-could be used to remove common household pollutants from water. (
  • The ability of experimental preparations to influence the plant stress resistance requires additional study and makes it possible to create means for correcting the effects on plants of various negative factors. (
  • The company is seeking to create the largest plant database in the world. (
  • This study assesses the efficacy of a fixed dose of Ropren® (a plant preparation isolated from the neutral fraction of an extract of spruce needles) on cognitive impairment in rats with amyloid peptide-(25-35) induced amnesia. (
  • The dried (500 g) powder of the eleven plant parts was extracted with MeOH in a Soxhlet apparatus. (
  • They contain one or more parts of a plant. (
  • You must have a licence in order to trade in live endangered plant and animal species and all live bird species living in Europe for professional or commercial purposes. (
  • Please download the current plant list from the homepage of our department. (
  • This activity simulates the extraction, identification, and separation of chemicals in or on plants using chromatography. (
  • Do not move the label of plants, we cannot pay regard to replaced label and those misunderstood what coming through from the replaced label! (
  • It is shown, based on the data obtained, that the biological activity of culture preparations can be due to the presence of hormones of the auxin class that were not previously identified among its metabolites. (
  • All of these changes to the balance of natural water systems affect microorganisms, plants, and larger animals such as fish. (
  • The number of potted plants is larger than what you have to know. (
  • Do you wish to help conserve animals and plants, trade in live animals and plants or display wildlife in a zoo? (
  • You need a permit to conserve animals and plants (preparation), trade in wildlife and exhibit wildlife in zoos for professional or commercial purposes (demonstrations). (
  • Preparation involves stuffing animals (taxidermy) or preserving plants and animals. (
  • animals and plants listed in Annex A or B of the CITES Regulation. (
  • Gao F, Dai C, Liu X. Mechanisms of fungal endophytes in plant protection against pathogens. (
  • It uses a genetic algorithms-(GA) based technique to maximize the overall plant yield for each cleaning flowsheet alternative and uses a net present value (NPV) analysis technique to maximize plant profitability for the entire life of a new plant or the remaining life of an existing plant. (
  • Plant-based biofilters are environmentally conscious and more accessible to areas that cannot afford the industrial technology of municipal filtration. (
  • As next-generation sequencing technology allows the capture of microbial profiles without culturing the microbes, profiling of plant microbiota has become a staple tool in plant science and agriculture . (

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