Plants, Genetically Modified
Plant Growth Regulators
Amino Acid Sequence
Root Nodules, Plant
Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
Dietary isoflavones: biological effects and relevance to human health. (1/1051)Substantial evidence indicates that diets high in plant-based foods may explain the epidemiologic variance of many hormone-dependent diseases that are a major cause of mortality and morbidity in Western populations. There is now an increased awareness that plants contain many phytoprotectants. Lignans and isoflavones represent two of the main classes of phytoestrogens of current interest in clinical nutrition. Although ubiquitous in their occurrence in the plant kingdom, these bioactive nonnutrients are found in particularly high concentrations in flaxseeds and soybeans and have been found to have a wide range of hormonal and nonhormonal activities that serve to provide plausible mechanisms for the potential health benefits of diets rich in phytoestrogens. Data from animal and in vitro studies provide convincing evidence for the potential of phytoestrogens in influencing hormone-dependent states; although the clinical application of diets rich in these estrogen mimics is in its infancy, data from preliminary studies suggest beneficial effects of importance to health. This review focuses on the more recent studies pertinent to this field and includes, where appropriate, the landmark and historical literature that has led to the exponential increase in interest in phytoestrogens from a clinical nutrition perspective. (+info)
Selective killing of CD8+ cells with a 'memory' phenotype (CD62Llo) by the N-acetyl-D-galactosamine-specific lectin from Viscum album L. (2/1051)As reported previously by our group, among the toxic proteins from Viscum album L. only the mistletoe lectins (MLs) induce the apoptotic killing pathway in human lymphocytes. Although one may expect a homogenous distribution of carbohydrate domains on cell surface receptors for the carbohydrate binding B chains of the toxic protein, the sensitivity of cells to these B chains obviously differ. Here we report a selective killing of CD8+ CD62Llo cells from healthy individuals by the galNAc-specific ML III (and RCA60, which binds to gal and galNAc), while the gal-specific ML I was less effective. This selective killing is not sufficiently explained by protein synthesis inhibition alone, since this subset was not affected by other ribosome inhibiting proteins such as the lectin from Ricinus communis (RCA120), lectin from Abrus precatorus (APA), abrin A, and inhibitors of RNA, DNA and/or protein synthesis such as actinomycin D, mitomycin C, and cycloheximide. We conclude that CD8+ cells with 'memory' phenotype (CD62Llo) are more sensitive to the ML III-mediated killing than their CD8+ CD62Lhi counterparts, CD4+ T cells, and CD19+ B cells. These cells probably express a distinct receptor with galNAc domains that is missing or not active on CD8+ cells with a 'naive' phenotype. (+info)
Mistletoe lectin activates caspase-8/FLICE independently of death receptor signaling and enhances anticancer drug-induced apoptosis. (3/1051)Mistletoe lectin I (ML-I) is a major active component in plant extracts of Viscum album that is increasingly used in adjuvant cancer therapy. ML-I exerts potent immunomodulating and cytotoxic effects, although its mechanism of action is largely unknown. We show that treatment of leukemic T- and B-cell lines with ML-I induced apoptosis, which required the prior activation of proteases of the caspase family. The involvement of caspases is demonstrated because (a) a peptide caspase inhibitor almost completely prevented ML-I-induced cell death and (b) proteolytic activation of caspase-8, caspase-9, and caspase-3 was observed. Because caspase-8 has been implicated as a regulator of apoptosis mediated by death receptors, we further investigated a potential receptor involvement in ML-I-induced effects. Cell death triggered by ML-I was neither attenuated in cell clones resistant to CD95 nor in cells that were rendered refractory to other death receptors by overexpressing a dominant-negative FADD mutant. In contrast, ML-I triggered a receptor-independent mitochondria-controlled apoptotic pathway because it rapidly induced the release of cytochrome c into the cytosol. Because ML-I was also observed to enhance the cytotoxic effect of chemotherapeutic drugs, these data may provide a molecular basis for clinical trials using MLs in anticancer therapy. (+info)
Effects of soy or rye supplementation of high-fat diets on colon tumour development in azoxymethane-treated rats. (4/1051)Evidence is accumulating that a diet high in plant-derived foods may be protective against cancer. One class of plant component under increasing investigation is the phytoestrogens of which there are two main groups: the isoflavones, found mainly in soy products, and the lignans, which are more ubiquitous and are found in fruit, vegetables and cereals with high levels being found in flaxseed. In this study, we have used carefully balanced high-fat (40% energy) diets: a control diet (containing low isoflavone soy protein as the sole protein source), a rye diet (the control diet supplemented with rye bran) and a soy diet (containing as protein source a high isoflavone soy protein). The effect of these diets on the development of colonic cancer was studied in F-344 rats treated with the carcinogen, azoxymethane (two doses of 15 mg/kg given 1 week apart). Colons from treated animals were examined for aberrant crypt foci (ACF) and tumours after 12 and 31 weeks. Results after 12 weeks showed no differences in the total number of ACF in the control, soy or rye bran groups. However, the soy group had increased numbers of small ACF (less than four crypts/focus) while the rye group had decreased numbers of large ACF (greater than six crypts/focus). Examination of colons after 31 weeks gave similar low numbers of ACF in each group with no differences in multiplicity. There were no differences in the number of tumours between the control (1.36 tumours/rat) and soy (1.38 tumours/rat) groups. However, there was a significant decrease in the number of tumours in the rye group (0.17 tumours/rat). These results suggest that soy isoflavones have no effect on the frequency of colonic tumours in this model while rye bran supplementation decreases the frequency of colon cancer. This effect is due not to a decrease in early lesions but in their progression to larger multi-crypt ACF. The study also supports the hypothesis that larger ACF are more predictive of subsequent tumorigenicity. (+info)
Incorporation of esterified soybean isoflavones with antioxidant activity into low density lipoprotein. (5/1051)We have recently reported that dietary intake of soybean isoflavone phytoestrogens resulted in increased oxidation resistance of isolated low density lipoprotein (LDL). In order to explore the underlying mechanisms we designed two types of in vitro experiments. First, we prepared several different isoflavone fatty acid esters to increase their lipid solubility and studied their incorporation into LDL. Second, the oxidation resistance of the isoflavone-containing LDLs was investigated with Esterbauer's 'conjugated diene' method using Cu2+ as prooxidant. Unesterified daidzein and genistein as well as genistein stearic acid esters were incorporated into LDL to a relatively small extent (0.33 molecules per LDL particle, or less) and they did not significantly influence oxidation resistance. The oleic acid esters of isoflavones were incorporated more effectively, reaching a level of 2.19 molecules per LDL particle or more, and the 4',7-O-dioleates of daidzein and genistein exhibited prolongations of lag times by 46% (P<0.05) and 202% (P<0.01), respectively. A smaller but significant increase in lag time (20.5%, P<0.01) was caused by daidzein 7-mono-oleate. In summary, esterification of soybean isoflavones daidzein and genistein with fatty acids at different hydroxyl groups provided lipophilicity needed for incorporation into LDL. Some isoflavone oleic acid esters increased oxidation resistance of LDL following their incorporation. (+info)
Mistletoe lectin dissociates into catalytic and binding subunits before translocation across the membrane to the cytoplasm. (6/1051)Hybridomas producing monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) against the mistletoe lectin A-chain (MLA) were obtained to investigate the intracellular routing and translocation of ribosome-inactivating proteins. Anti-MLA mAb MNA5 did not bind the holotoxin but interacted with isolated MLA. This epitope was not recognized upon MLA denaturation or conjugation of MLA with the ricin binding subunit (RTB). Furthermore, the mAbs did not appreciably react with a panel of MLA synthetic octapeptides linked to the surface of polyethylene pins. A study of the cytotoxicity of mistletoe lectin, ricin, and chimeric toxin MLA/RTB for the hybridomas revealed that interchain disulfide bond reduction and subunit dissociation are required for cytotoxic activity of mistletoe lectin. (+info)
Cloning of the mistletoe lectin gene and characterization of the recombinant A-chain. (7/1051)Mistletoe lectin I (MLI) is the major active constituent of mistletoe extracts, which are widely used for adjuvant tumour therapy. The 66-kDa heterodimeric disulphide-linked glycoprotein is classified as type II ribosome-inactivating protein (RIP) due to the rRNA-cleaving enzyme activity of the A-subunit, also referred to as toxic entity. MLI and the close relative ricin both belong to the family of the two-chain plant type II RIP proteins. Isolation of the glycosylated proteins from plant material yield inhomogeneous material probably due to post-translational modifications. The aim of this study was to prepare pure and homogeneous protein as a prerequisite for structural and mechanistic studies in order to gain insight into the mode of action of this cytotoxic plant protein on tumour and immune cells. Of particular interest was to explain whether the differences in toxicity of ML and ricin are the result of variations of their enzymatic activities. By investigating the sequence homologies between the active sites of different RIPs we were able to deduce a set of primers which were suitable for specific amplification of the mistletoe lectin gene. Applying this PCR strategy the full-length 1923 nucleotide DNA sequence coding for the prepro-protein was obtained showing the existence of a single intron-free gene. In order to elucidate the molecular basis for the observed differences in cytotoxicity within the family of RIP the enzymatic A-subunit was expressed in a heterologous system. Expression of the A-chain in E. coli BL21/pT7 resulted in production of insoluble inclusion bodies constituting 20-30% of total protein. Refolding led to a pure and homogeneous protein species with an apparent molecular mass of 27 kDa and a pI value of 6.4. The ribosome-inactivating activity of the unglycosylated recombinant A-chain (IC50 20.5 pM) protein was in the same range as that of the glycosylated plant-derived ML A-chain (IC50 3.7 pM), which was very similar to that of ricin A-chain (IC50 4.9 pM). Thus, the higher cytotoxicity of ricin cannot be accountable for differences in the enzymatic activities of the type II RIP A-chains. (+info)
trans-Resveratrol inhibits calcium influx in thrombin-stimulated human platelets. (8/1051)1. The phytoestrogenic compound trans-resveratrol (trans-3,5, 4'-trihydroxystilbene) is found in appreciable quantities in grape skins and wine. It has been shown that both products rich in trans-resveratrol and pure trans-resveratrol inhibit platelet aggregation both in vivo and in vitro. However the mechanism of this action still remains unknown. 2. An essential component of the aggregation process in platelets is an increase in intracellular free Ca2+ ([Ca2+]i). Ca2+ must enter the cell from the external media through specific and tightly regulated Ca2+ channels in the plasma membrane. The objective of this study was to characterize what effect trans-resveratrol had on the Ca2+ channels in thrombin stimulated platelets. 3. In this study we showed that trans-resveratrol immediately inhibited Ca2+ influx in thrombin-stimulated platelets with an IC50 of 0.5 microM. trans-Resveratrol at 0.1, 1.0 and 10.0 microM produced 20+/-6, 37+/-6 and 57+/-4% inhibition respectively of the effect of thrombin (0.01 u ml(-1)) to increase [Ca2+]i. 4. trans-Resveratrol also inhibited spontaneous Ba2+ entry into Fura-2 loaded platelets, with 0.1, 1.0 and 10.0 microM trans-resveratrol producing 10+/-5, 30+/-5 and 50+/-7% inhibition respectively. This indicated that trans-resveratrol directly inhibited Ca2+ channel activity in the platelets in the absence of agonist stimulation. 5. trans-Resveratrol also inhibited thapsigargin-mediated Ca2+ influx into platelets. This suggests that the store-operated Ca2+ channels are one of the possible targets of trans-resveratrol. These channels rely on the emptying of the internal Ca2+ stores to initiate influx of Ca2+ into the cell. 6. The phytoestrogens genistein, daidzein, apigenin and genistein-glucoside (genistin) produced inhibitory effects against thrombin similar to those seen with trans-resveratrol. 7. We conclude that trans-resveratrol is an inhibitor of store-operated Ca2+ channels in human platelets. This accounts for the ability of trans-resveratrol to inhibit platelet aggregation induced by thrombin. (+info)
The severity of plant poisoning depends on the type of plant consumed, the amount ingested, and individual sensitivity. Some common plants that are toxic to humans include:
1. Castor bean (Ricinus communis): The seeds contain ricin, a deadly toxin that can cause severe vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal pain.
2. Oleander (Nerium oleander): All parts of the plant are toxic, and ingestion can cause cardiac arrhythmias, seizures, and death.
3. Rhododendron (Rhododendron spp.): The leaves and flowers contain grayanotoxins, which can cause vomiting, diarrhea, and difficulty breathing.
4. Taxus (Taxus spp.): The leaves, seeds, and stems of yew (Taxus baccata) and Pacific yew (Taxus brevifolia) contain a toxin called taxine, which can cause vomiting, diarrhea, and cardiac problems.
5. Aconitum (Aconitum spp.): Also known as monkshood or wolf's bane, all parts of the plant are toxic and can cause nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain.
6. Belladonna (Atropa belladonna): The leaves, stems, and roots contain atropine, which can cause dilated pupils, flushed skin, and difficulty urinating.
7. Deadly nightshade (Atropa belladonna): All parts of the plant are toxic and can cause nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain.
8. Hemlock (Conium maculatum): The leaves and seeds contain coniine and gamma-coniceine, which can cause muscle weakness, paralysis, and respiratory failure.
9. Lantana (Lantana camara): The berries are toxic and can cause vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal pain.
10. Oleander (Nerium oleander): All parts of the plant are toxic and can cause nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain.
11. Castor bean (Ricinus communis): The seeds are particularly toxic and can cause vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal pain.
12. Rhododendron (Rhododendron spp.): The leaves, stems, and flowers contain grayanotoxins, which can cause nausea, vomiting, and difficulty breathing.
13. Yew (Taxus spp.): The leaves, seeds, and stems of yew contain a toxin called taxine, which can cause vomiting, diarrhea, and cardiac problems.
It is important to note that while these plants are toxic, they can also be safely used in herbal remedies when prepared and administered properly under the guidance of a qualified practitioner. It is always best to consult with a medical professional before using any herbal remedy, especially if you have a medical condition or are pregnant or breastfeeding.
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- The cucumber seeds of the variety Konkurent were treated with solutions of the preparations and the growth stimulation, metabolic activity of plants, and the state of stress were determined. (kpi.ua)
- If you've already sown your seeds or planted seedlings, you can still gently work in granular fertilizer (not liquid fertilizer, which can burn young roots) around the plants. (almanac.com)
- Over the years since 1999, the Botanical Dietary Supplements Research Centers of the NIH CARBON Program have studied many different preparations of many different botanicals, as well as a variety of phytochemicals present in those botanicals. (nih.gov)
- A coal preparation plant CPP is a facility that washes coal of soil and rock, preparing it for transport to market. (prostores-decorysa.be)
- In addition, our method generated comparable microbiome profile data in plant roots and soils to that of using common commercially available DNA extraction kits, such as DNeasy PowerSoil Pro Kit and FastDNA SPIN Kit for Soil . (bvsalud.org)
- If you've grown and harvested plants in your garden in the past, these crops took up the nutrients from the soil, and those nutrients should be replaced in the spring before more plants are grown there. (almanac.com)
- For edible crops , fertilizer is usually applied in the spring and mixed into the garden soil before planting. (almanac.com)
- To investigate the contents and features of drug-induced liver injury (DILI) database called LiverTox, as well as 37 herbal preparations included in this database. (nih.gov)
- Secondly, detailed information of 37 herbal preparations included in the class of "Herbals and Dietary Supplements" were extracted, including drug name, origin, efficacy, constituents, type of liver injury, and manifestations, to perform a preliminary statistical analysis. (nih.gov)
- Among the 37 herbal preparations, 28 had the risk of liver injury. (nih.gov)
- Compared with the current knowledge in China, there were differences in the varieties and indications for herbal preparations with hepatotoxicity included in LiverTox, and many herbals with acknowledged hepatotoxicity in China were not included. (nih.gov)
- The aim of the paper is an establishment of the biological activity of S. albus UN44 experimental preparations for cucumber plant bioregulation processes for further substantiation of optimization directions of ready-made forms and application methods. (kpi.ua)
- Coal preparation plant simulators are used to study flowsheet alternatives and determine product quality and quantity that can be produced under various operating conditions for individual circuits. (elsevier.com)
- A novel coal preparation plant simulator (SIU-Sim) that maximizes the overall plant yield using a robust optimization tool and selects the best plant cleaning circuit configuration based on maximum plant profitability is presented. (elsevier.com)
- The simulator also identifies the best operating conditions for individual circuits of a plant to satisfy multiple quality constraints for the overall clean coal product. (elsevier.com)
- A. Applicants shall possess five years coal mining experience, at least one year shall be at a preparation plant, or appropriately related work experience approved by the chief. (virginia.gov)
- Coal preparation design and manufacture. (prostores-decorysa.be)
- CGM provide the coal mine equipment inclurock coal feeder, coal screen for coal preparation plant. (prostores-decorysa.be)
- 06/08/2010 · Hello We are looking for new and refurbished coal washing plants capable of washing all sizes of coal with a good range of controls. (prostores-decorysa.be)
- For coal combustion, both the thermal power plant and industrial coalfired boiler are the two main appliion fields. (prostores-decorysa.be)
- Used Coal preparation equipment for sale Coal mobile crusher Equipment India Costeffective Modular Coal Preparation Plants. (prostores-decorysa.be)
- Analysis of coal preparation plants for applicability of the National Electrical Code. (cdc.gov)
- A survey was conducted relating to the current practices for the classification of hazardous locations in coal preparation plants. (cdc.gov)
- Coal preparation plant operations and designers as well as Mining Enforcement and Safety Administration (MESA) inspectors were interviewed. (cdc.gov)
- Data provided by MESA on fire and explosion accidents in coal preparation plants were examined. (cdc.gov)
- Part I provides a summary of the findings and part II consists of recommended uniform guidelines that may be used for interpreting the National Electrical Code as it applies to the classification of hazardous areas in coal preparation plants. (cdc.gov)
- Indian medicinal plants used in Ayurvedic preparations / A. C. Dey. (who.int)
- Eleven methanol extracts from these plants were studied for their antibacterial and antifungal properties against reference strains and multi-drug resistant clinical bacteria isolates. (who.int)
- However, to the authors' knowledge, none of these simulators have the ability to optimize plant performance while satisfying multiple product quality constraints and selecting the most profitable flowsheet from many alternatives. (elsevier.com)
- The land-based filter used nut grass weeds (Cyperus rotundus) planted in layers of dirt, sand and peat moss, all on top of cheesecloth and wire mesh so that water seeping down through the media would collect below. (amnh.org)
- Faust, 1998) I hypothesized that natural filters utilizing plants and their associated growth media (and microflora) could filter common household pollutants from wastewater. (amnh.org)
- Plant growth-promoting bacteria: Mechanisms and applications. (kpi.ua)
- For perennial flowering plants , fertilize before growth begins in the spring. (almanac.com)
- For perennial plants, the timing depends on the plant's growth cycle. (almanac.com)
- this may actually inhibit your plants' growth. (almanac.com)
- long before the hard work of planting truly paid off, we would surely move again, buy some more saplings, and start all over. (nih.gov)
- Nutritive plants that supply those adequate nutrients for perfect skin health. (botanical-online.com)
- plants often need an application of fertilizer to get the nutrients that they need. (almanac.com)
- Apply fertilizer with caution, though: The only thing worse than starving a plant of nutrients is to accidentally overfertilize it. (almanac.com)
- Plants use only the nutrients that they need. (almanac.com)
- Tomatoes and potatoes will need extra fertilizer mid-season as the plants take up and use existing nutrients. (almanac.com)
- These three numbers refer to the three most important nutrients plants need: Nitrogen (N), Phosphorus (P), and Potassium (K). The numbers refer to the percentage of weight of each nutrient in the bag. (almanac.com)
- Here, we have increased sample handling efficiency in a two-step PCR amplification protocol for 16S rRNA gene sequencing of plant root microbiota , improving DNA extraction using AMPure XP magnetic beads and PCR purification using exonuclease . (bvsalud.org)
- The results of the research are the basis for studying new biologically active products of S. albus UN44 and optimization of the ready-made forms of preparations, namely sterile liquid form and dry complex preparation, as well as preparations of certain metabolites with target highly specific activity. (kpi.ua)
- Botanicals can come in many forms, such as capsules, dried teas, or liquid preparations. (nih.gov)
- Plant-based biofilters might be used to filter wastewater before returning it safely to the environment, to provide "gray water" for uses other than consumption, or as low-cost prefilters to make filtration of drinking water more efficient. (amnh.org)
- British Library EThOS: The preparation of micropropagated plantlets for transplantation. (bl.uk)
- 6. Preparation of specifiions (specifiion sheets) in proper form for use by the project team as well as for the purchasing function. (prostores-decorysa.be)
- Hampton Creek's data scientists are actively weeding out billions of proteins from hundreds of thousands of plants to learn what could form the equivalent of a chicken's egg. (singularityhub.com)
- The form is used to apply for an approval for a plant protection product. (tukes.fi)
- The form is used to apply for changes to an approved plant protection product or its removal from the register. (tukes.fi)
- While a spring application is a good general rule, understand that what plants really need is help when they are growing the most. (almanac.com)
- Do not cause damage for plants, collecting plants or leaves is forbidden! (sziu.hu)
- For the first time, the ability of S. albus UN44 biopreparations to influence the proline content in cucumber plants, and therefore their stress resistance, is shown. (kpi.ua)
- We use fertilizer to make our plants grow better, but when is the best time to apply fertilizer? (almanac.com)
- Why spend all that money, time, and energy planting trees that we won't even be able to enjoy? (nih.gov)
- Ten Nigerian plants suggested from their ethnomedical uses to possess antimicrobial and antioxidant activities were studied for their anti-microbial and anti-oxidant properties. (who.int)
- Construction expenses are roughly __________ percent of the total direct cost of the plant. (preparation.pk)
- Tracing the Evolution of Shiitake Mushrooms Understanding Lentinula genomes and their evolution could provide strategies for converting plant waste into sugars for biofuel production. (doe.gov)
- The water-based filter used a dwarf water lily (Nymphaea) bedded in a mound of sand and floating duckweed (Lemna minor) plants in about five inches of water. (amnh.org)
- SAND PREPARATION PLANT_Baoding Well Foundry Machinery Co. , Ltd. (baodingwell.com)
- The sand preparation plant is for burned sand regeneration and mold sand mixing of the automatic horizontal multi-piston molding, automatic vertical flaskless molding and mechanization molding lines. (baodingwell.com)
- The European Federation of Associations of Health Product Manufacturers (EHPM) has launched a petition defending the use of Aloe and other plants in food supplements in response to proposed changes affecting botanicals containing Hydroxyanthracene Derivatives. (nutraingredients-usa.com)
- This project tested whether "biofilters"-filters based on living plants-could be used to remove common household pollutants from water. (amnh.org)
- The ability of experimental preparations to influence the plant stress resistance requires additional study and makes it possible to create means for correcting the effects on plants of various negative factors. (kpi.ua)
- The company is seeking to create the largest plant database in the world. (singularityhub.com)
- This study assesses the efficacy of a fixed dose of Ropren® (a plant preparation isolated from the neutral fraction of an extract of spruce needles) on cognitive impairment in rats with amyloid peptide-(25-35) induced amnesia. (nih.gov)
- You must have a licence in order to trade in live endangered plant and animal species and all live bird species living in Europe for professional or commercial purposes. (lansstyrelsen.se)
- Please download the current plant list from the homepage of our department. (sziu.hu)
- This activity simulates the extraction, identification, and separation of chemicals in or on plants using chromatography. (nih.gov)
- Do not move the label of plants, we cannot pay regard to replaced label and those misunderstood what coming through from the replaced label! (sziu.hu)
- It is shown, based on the data obtained, that the biological activity of culture preparations can be due to the presence of hormones of the auxin class that were not previously identified among its metabolites. (kpi.ua)
- Do you wish to help conserve animals and plants, trade in live animals and plants or display wildlife in a zoo? (lansstyrelsen.se)
- You need a permit to conserve animals and plants (preparation), trade in wildlife and exhibit wildlife in zoos for professional or commercial purposes (demonstrations). (lansstyrelsen.se)
- Preparation involves stuffing animals (taxidermy) or preserving plants and animals. (lansstyrelsen.se)
- animals and plants listed in Annex A or B of the CITES Regulation. (lansstyrelsen.se)
- Gao F, Dai C, Liu X. Mechanisms of fungal endophytes in plant protection against pathogens. (kpi.ua)
- It uses a genetic algorithms-(GA) based technique to maximize the overall plant yield for each cleaning flowsheet alternative and uses a net present value (NPV) analysis technique to maximize plant profitability for the entire life of a new plant or the remaining life of an existing plant. (elsevier.com)
- Plant-based biofilters are environmentally conscious and more accessible to areas that cannot afford the industrial technology of municipal filtration. (amnh.org)
- As next-generation sequencing technology allows the capture of microbial profiles without culturing the microbes, profiling of plant microbiota has become a staple tool in plant science and agriculture . (bvsalud.org)