The physiological processes, properties, and states characteristic of plants.
Physiological processes and properties of the DENTITION.
Properties and processes of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM and DENTITION as a whole or of any of its parts.
Physiology of the human and animal body, male or female, in the processes and characteristics of REPRODUCTION and the URINARY TRACT.
Properties, and processes of the MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM and the NERVOUS SYSTEM or their parts.
Functional processes and properties characteristic of the BLOOD; CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM; and RESPIRATORY SYSTEM.
The properties and relationships and biological processes that characterize the nature and function of the SKIN and its appendages.
Nutritional physiology related to EXERCISE or ATHLETIC PERFORMANCE.
Physiological processes, factors, properties and characteristics pertaining to REPRODUCTION.
The functions and properties of living organisms, including both the physical and chemical factors and processes, supporting life in single- or multi-cell organisms from their origin through the progression of life.
Nutritional physiology of adults aged 65 years of age and older.
PLANTS, or their progeny, whose GENOME has been altered by GENETIC ENGINEERING.
Properties, functions, and processes of the URINARY TRACT as a whole or of any of its parts.
Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)
Proteins found in plants (flowers, herbs, shrubs, trees, etc.). The concept does not include proteins found in vegetables for which VEGETABLE PROTEINS is available.
Processes and properties of the MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM.
The usually underground portions of a plant that serve as support, store food, and through which water and mineral nutrients enter the plant. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982; Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)
The functional hereditary units of PLANTS.
Biological properties, processes, and activities of VIRUSES.
Concentrated pharmaceutical preparations of plants obtained by removing active constituents with a suitable solvent, which is evaporated away, and adjusting the residue to a prescribed standard.
New immature growth of a plant including stem, leaves, tips of branches, and SEEDLINGS.
Plants whose roots, leaves, seeds, bark, or other constituent parts possess therapeutic, tonic, purgative, curative or other pharmacologic attributes, when administered to man or animals.
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of plants.
Properties and processes of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM as a whole or of any of its parts.
Processes orchestrated or driven by a plethora of genes, plant hormones, and inherent biological timing mechanisms facilitated by secondary molecules, which result in the systematic transformation of plants and plant parts, from one stage of maturity to another.
Plants or plant parts which are harmful to man or other animals.
Physiological processes and properties of the BLOOD.
Basic functional unit of plants.
Parts of plants that usually grow vertically upwards towards the light and support the leaves, buds, and reproductive structures. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)
The genetic complement of a plant (PLANTS) as represented in its DNA.
A plant genus of the family BRASSICACEAE that contains ARABIDOPSIS PROTEINS and MADS DOMAIN PROTEINS. The species A. thaliana is used for experiments in classical plant genetics as well as molecular genetic studies in plant physiology, biochemistry, and development.
Nutritional physiology of children aged 13-18 years.
Processes and properties of the EYE as a whole or of any of its parts.
An organism of the vegetable kingdom suitable by nature for use as a food, especially by human beings. Not all parts of any given plant are edible but all parts of edible plants have been known to figure as raw or cooked food: leaves, roots, tubers, stems, seeds, buds, fruits, and flowers. The most commonly edible parts of plants are FRUIT, usually sweet, fleshy, and succulent. Most edible plants are commonly cultivated for their nutritional value and are referred to as VEGETABLES.
The parts of plants, including SEEDS.
Characteristic properties and processes of the NERVOUS SYSTEM as a whole or with reference to the peripheral or the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM.
Any of the hormones produced naturally in plants and active in controlling growth and other functions. There are three primary classes: auxins, cytokinins, and gibberellins.
Cellular processes, properties, and characteristics.
Physiological processes and properties of the RESPIRATORY SYSTEM as a whole or of any of its parts.
The functions of the skin in the human and animal body. It includes the pigmentation of the skin.
Nutrition of FEMALE during PREGNANCY.
Physiological processes and properties of BACTERIA.
Proteins that originate from plants species belonging to the genus ARABIDOPSIS. The most intensely studied species of Arabidopsis, Arabidopsis thaliana, is commonly used in laboratory experiments.
A plant genus of the family SOLANACEAE. Members contain NICOTINE and other biologically active chemicals; its dried leaves are used for SMOKING.
The inherent or induced capacity of plants to withstand or ward off biological attack by pathogens.
Processes and properties of the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM as a whole or of any of its parts.
A thin layer of cells forming the outer integument of seed plants and ferns. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Nutrition of a mother which affects the health of the FETUS and INFANT as well as herself.
Nutritional physiology of children aged 2-12 years.
Closable openings in the epidermis of plants on the underside of leaves. They allow the exchange of gases between the internal tissues of the plant and the outside atmosphere.
Members of the group of vascular plants which bear flowers. They are differentiated from GYMNOSPERMS by their production of seeds within a closed chamber (OVARY, PLANT). The Angiosperms division is composed of two classes, the monocotyledons (Liliopsida) and dicotyledons (Magnoliopsida). Angiosperms represent approximately 80% of all known living plants.
The processes and properties of living organisms by which they take in and balance the use of nutritive materials for energy, heat production, or building material for the growth, maintenance, or repair of tissues and the nutritive properties of FOOD.
Nutritional physiology of children from birth to 2 years of age.
The encapsulated embryos of flowering plants. They are used as is or for animal feed because of the high content of concentrated nutrients like starches, proteins, and fats. Rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed are also produced for the oils (fats) they yield.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
Poisoning by the ingestion of plants or its leaves, berries, roots or stalks. The manifestations in both humans and animals vary in severity from mild to life threatening. In animals, especially domestic animals, it is usually the result of ingesting moldy or fermented forage.
The loss of water vapor by plants to the atmosphere. It occurs mainly from the leaves through pores (stomata) whose primary function is gas exchange. The water is replaced by a continuous column of water moving upwards from the roots within the xylem vessels. (Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)
The reproductive organs of plants.
A plant species of the family SOLANACEAE, native of South America, widely cultivated for their edible, fleshy, usually red fruit.
The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.
Complex nucleoprotein structures which contain the genomic DNA and are part of the CELL NUCLEUS of PLANTS.
A localized proliferation of plant tissue forming a swelling or outgrowth, commonly with a characteristic shape and unlike any organ of the normal plant. Plant tumors or galls usually form in response to the action of a pathogen or a pest. (Holliday, P., A Dictionary of Plant Pathology, 1989, p330)
The above-ground plant without the roots.
Material prepared from plants.
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
A plant species of the family POACEAE. It is a tall grass grown for its EDIBLE GRAIN, corn, used as food and animal FODDER.
Very young plant after GERMINATION of SEEDS.
The act of feeding on plants by animals.
Units that convert some other form of energy into electrical energy.
Total mass of all the organisms of a given type and/or in a given area. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990) It includes the yield of vegetative mass produced from any given crop.
Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.
The large family of plants characterized by pods. Some are edible and some cause LATHYRISM or FAVISM and other forms of poisoning. Other species yield useful materials like gums from ACACIA and various LECTINS like PHYTOHEMAGGLUTININS from PHASEOLUS. Many of them harbor NITROGEN FIXATION bacteria on their roots. Many but not all species of "beans" belong to this family.
An idiopathic vascular disorder characterized by bilateral Raynaud phenomenon, the abrupt onset of digital paleness or CYANOSIS in response to cold exposure or stress.
Eighteen-carbon cyclopentyl polyunsaturated fatty acids derived from ALPHA-LINOLENIC ACID via an oxidative pathway analogous to the EICOSANOIDS in animals. Biosynthesis is inhibited by SALICYLATES. A key member, jasmonic acid of PLANTS, plays a similar role to ARACHIDONIC ACID in animals.
Sugar-rich liquid produced in plant glands called nectaries. It is either produced in flowers or other plant structures, providing a source of attraction for pollinating insects and animals, as well as being a nutrient source to animal mutualists which provide protection of plants against herbivores.
The relationship between two different species of organisms that are interdependent; each gains benefits from the other or a relationship between different species where both of the organisms in question benefit from the presence of the other.
The synthesis by organisms of organic chemical compounds, especially carbohydrates, from carbon dioxide using energy obtained from light rather than from the oxidation of chemical compounds. Photosynthesis comprises two separate processes: the light reactions and the dark reactions. In higher plants; GREEN ALGAE; and CYANOBACTERIA; NADPH and ATP formed by the light reactions drive the dark reactions which result in the fixation of carbon dioxide. (from Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 2001)
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
A group of alicyclic hydrocarbons with the general formula R-C5H9.
A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Acetic acid derivatives of the heterocyclic compound indole. (Merck Index, 11th ed)
Nutritional physiology of animals.
The outer layer of the woody parts of plants.
The unconsolidated mineral or organic matter on the surface of the earth that serves as a natural medium for the growth of land plants.
A plant species of the genus SOLANUM, family SOLANACEAE. The starchy roots are used as food. SOLANINE is found in green parts.
Physiological functions characteristic of plants.

Gene silencing: plants and viruses fight it out. (1/1131)

Plants can become 'immune' to attack by viruses by degrading specific viral RNA, but some plant viruses have evolved the general capacity to suppress this resistance mechanism.  (+info)

Inverse relationship between systemic resistance of plants to microorganisms and to insect herbivory. (2/1131)

Pre-inoculation of plants with a pathogen that induces necrosis leads to the development of systemic acquired resistance (SAR) to subsequent pathogen attack [1]. The phenylpropanoid-derived compound salicylic acid (SA) is necessary for the full expression of both local resistance and SAR [2] [3]. A separate signaling pathway involving jasmonic acid (JA) is involved in systemic responses to wounding and insect herbivory [4] [5]. There is evidence both supporting and opposing the idea of cross-protection against microbial pathogens and insect herbivores [6] [7]. This is a controversial area because pharmacological experiments point to negative cross-talk between responses to systemic pathogens and responses to wounding [8] [9] [10], although this has not been demonstrated functionally in vivo. Here, we report that reducing phenylpropanoid biosynthesis by silencing the expression of phenylalanine ammonialyase (PAL) reduces SAR to tobacco mosaic virus (TMV), whereas overexpression of PAL enhances SAR. Tobacco plants with reduced SAR exhibited more effective grazing-induced systemic resistance to larvae of Heliothis virescens, but larval resistance was reduced in plants with elevated phenylpropanoid levels. Furthermore, genetic modification of components involved in phenylpropanoid synthesis revealed an inverse relationship between SA and JA levels. These results demonstrate phenylpropanoid-mediated cross-talk in vivo between microbially induced and herbivore-induced pathways of systemic resistance.  (+info)

Calcein as a fluorescent probe for ferric iron. Application to iron nutrition in plant cells. (3/1131)

The recent use of calcein (CA) as a fluorescent probe for cellular iron has been shown to reflect the nutritional status of iron in mammalian cells (Breuer, W., Epsztejn, S., and Cabantchik, Z. I. (1995) J. Biol. Chem. 270, 24209-24215). CA was claimed to be a chemosensor for iron(II), to measure the labile iron pool and the concentration of cellular free iron(II). We first study here the thermodynamic and kinetic properties of iron binding by CA. Chelation of a first iron(III) involves one aminodiacetic arm and a phenol. The overall stability constant log beta111 of FeIIICAH is 33. 9. The free metal ion concentration is pFeIII = 20.3. A (FeIII)2 CA complex can be formed. A reversible iron(III) exchange from FeIIICAH to citrate and nitrilotriacetic acid is evidenced when these ligands are present in large excess. The kinetics of iron(III) exchange by CA is compatible with metabolic studies. The low reduction potential of FeIIICAH shows that the ferric form is highly stabilized. CA fluorescence is quenched by 85% after FeIII chelation but by only 20% using FeII. Real time iron nutrition by Arabidopsis thaliana cells has been measured by fluorimetry, and the iron buffer FeIIICAH + CA was used as source of iron. As a siderophore, FeIIICAH promotes cell growth and regreening of iron-deficient cells more rapidly than FeIIIEDTA. We conclude that CA is a good chemosensor for iron(III) in cells and biological fluids, but not for Fe(II). We discuss the interest of quantifying iron buffers in biochemical studies of iron, in vitro as well as in cells.  (+info)

Phloem transport: Are you chaperoned? (4/1131)

Long-distance transport via the vasculature in plants is critical for nutrient dissemination, as well as transport of growth regulatory molecules such as hormones. Evidence is now accumulating that protein and RNA molecules also use this transport pathway, possibly to regulate developmental and physiological processes.  (+info)

Plant graviperception and gravitropism: a newcomer's view. (5/1131)

Gravitropism is an adaptable mechanism corresponding to the directed growth by which plants orient in response to the gravity vector. The overall process is generally divided into three distinct stages: graviperception, gravitransduction, and asymmetric growth response. The phenomenology of these different steps has been described by using refined cell biology approaches combined with formal and molecular genetics. To date, it clearly appears that the cellular organization plays crucial roles in gravisensing and that gravitropism is genetically different between organs. Moreover, while interfering with other physical or chemical stimuli and sharing probably some common intermediary steps in the transduction pathway, gravity has its own perception and transduction systems. The intimate mechanisms involved in these processes have to be unveiled at the molecular level and their biological relevance addressed at the cellular and whole plant levels under normal and microgravitational conditions. gravitropism: a newcomer's view.  (+info)

Statoliths motions in gravity-perceiving plant cells: does actomyosin counteract gravity? (6/1131)

Statocytes from plant root caps are characterized by a polar arrangement of cell organelles and sedimented statoliths. Cortical microtubules and actin microfilaments contribute to development and maintenance of this polarity, whereas the lack of endoplasmic microtubules and prominent bundles of actin microfilaments probably facilitates sedimentation of statoliths. High-resolution video microscopy shows permanent motion of statoliths even when sedimented. After immunofluorescence microscopy using antibodies against actin and myosin II the most prominent labeling was observed at and around sedimented statoliths. Experiments under microgravity have demonstrated that the positioning of statoliths depends on the external gravitational force and on internal forces, probably exerted by the actomyosin complex, and that transformation of the gravistimulus evidently occurs in close vicinity to the statoliths. These results suggest that graviperception occurs dynamically within the cytoplasm via small-distance sedimentation rather than statically at the lowermost site of sedimentation. It is hypothesized that root cap cells are comparing randomized motions with oriented motions of statoliths and thereby perceiving gravity.  (+info)

Mitochondrial gene organization and expression in petunia male fertile and sterile plants. (7/1131)

In cytoplasmic male-sterile Petunia lines, NADH dehydrogenase subunit 3 (nad3) and ribosomal protein S12 (rps12) are cotranscribed with the chimeric gene pcf and located in the region of the mitochondrial genome associated with cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS) in Petunia. In fertile Petunia line 3704, the genes for nad3 and rps12 are cotranscribed with an unidentified open reading frame (orf143). In the homologous region of fertile line 3699, there is an ORF that lacks a genomic DNA-encoded stop codon; instead an RNA editing event creates a stop codon, resulting in an ORF of 161 codons. While expressed sequences homologous to this open reading frame can be detected in sterile lines, a contiguous orf143/orf161 gene does not exist in the CMS-encoding mitochondrial genome. Transcription at the CMS-associated pcf locus and the fertile orf143/nad3/rps12 locus is complex, with multiple 5' and 3' termini. The presence of the nuclear fertility restorer gene affects the abundance of a transcript class with 5' termini--121 nucleotides before the pcf start codon, and greatly reduces the abundance of a pcf gene product with apparent molecular mass of 25 kDa which is present in both vegetative and reproductive tissues of CMS plants. In addition to the 25 kDa protein product, small amounts of precursor and processed pcf products with higher molecular mass have been detected; their possible role in the CMS phenotype is unknown. Current hypotheses for the mechanism of action of CMS-associated and fertility restorer genes are discussed.  (+info)

Ethylene plays multiple nonprimary roles in modulating the gravitropic response in tomato. (8/1131)

Ethylene is known to interact with auxin in regulating stem growth, and yet evidence for the role of ethylene in tropic responses is contradictory. Our analysis of four mutants of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) altered in their response to gravity, auxin, and/or ethylene revealed concentration-dependent modulation of shoot gravitropism by ethylene. Ethylene inhibitors reduce wild-type gravicurvature, and extremely low (0.0005-0.001 microliter L-1) ethylene concentrations can restore the reduced gravitropic response of the auxin-resistant dgt (diageotropica) mutant to wild-type levels. Slightly higher concentrations of ethylene inhibit the gravitropic response of all but the ethylene-insensitive nr (never-ripe) mutant. The gravitropic responses of nr and the constitutive-response mutant epi (epinastic) are slightly and significantly delayed, respectively, but otherwise normal. The reversal of shoot gravicurvature by red light in the lz-2 (lazy-2) mutant is not affected by ethylene. Taken together, these data indicate that, although ethylene does not play a primary role in the gravitropic response of tomato, low levels of ethylene are necessary for a full gravitropic response, and moderate levels of the hormone specifically inhibit gravicurvature in a manner different from ethylene inhibition of overall growth.  (+info)

Multiple biotic and abiotic environmental factors may constitute stresses that affect plant growth and yield in crop species. Advances in plant physiology, genetics, and molecular biology have greatly improved our understanding of plant responses to stresses. This book details on technologies that have emerged during the past decade and have been useful in studying the multigenicity of the plant abiotic stress response. Upstream molecular mechanisms are involved in the plant response to abiotic stress, above all in the regulation of timings and amount of specific stress responses. Post-transcriptional mechanisms based on alternative splicing and RNA processing, as well as RNA silencing define the actual transcriptome supporting the stress response. Beyond protein phosphorylation, other post-translational modifications like ubiquitination and sumoylation regulate the activation of pre-existing molecules to ensure a prompt response to stress factors. The text in this book deals with the importance ...
your search terms. Search 2 results for biochemistry, gene expression, plant abiotic stress tolerance, plant molecular genetics ...
Scaricare Molecular Approaches in Plant Abiotic Stress Epub pdf, Ognuno può cercare 400k epub pdf ebook e scegliere il miglior ebook da leggere con la tua famiglia, basta registrarsi e godere gratuitamente , Dynamic spot
North American Journal of Fisheries Management 24: 114-117. deal will and cultural thought: I and time-images in processes. 201D changes in Hegelian material researchers of technical existentialism advances in the Camargue( Rhone-delta, France).
Plant growth and productivity are largely affected by environmental stresses. Therefore, plants have evolved unique adaptation mechanisms to abiotic stresses through fine-tuned adjustment of gene expression and metabolism. Recent advanced technologies, such as genome-wide transcriptome analysis, have revealed that a vast amount of non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) apart from the well-known housekeeping ncRNAs such as rRNAs, tRNAs, small nuclear RNAs (snRNAs) and small nucleolar RNAs (snoRNAs) are expressed under abiotic stress conditions. These various types of ncRNAs are involved in chromatin regulation, modulation of RNA stability and translational repression during abiotic stress response. In this review, we summarize recent progress that has been made on ncRNA research in plant abiotic stress response.
Plant growth and productivity are largely affected by environmental stresses. Therefore, plants have evolved unique adaptation mechanisms to abiotic stresses through fine-tuned adjustment of gene expression and metabolism. Recent advanced technologies, such as genome-wide transcriptome analysis, have revealed that a vast amount of non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) apart from the well-known housekeeping ncRNAs such as rRNAs, tRNAs, small nuclear RNAs (snRNAs) and small nucleolar RNAs (snoRNAs) are expressed under abiotic stress conditions. These various types of ncRNAs are involved in chromatin regulation, modulation of RNA stability and translational repression during abiotic stress response. In this review, we summarize recent progress that has been made on ncRNA research in plant abiotic stress response.
Press - Indian Journal of Plant Physiology is the official publication of the Indian Society for Plant Physiology and is published quarterly, i.e. March, June, September and December every year. The journal publishes review ...
Find info concerning Lamar State College plant physiology. Whether you are considering an associates degree (CNA, LVN, or LPN), or a bachelor of science in nursing (RN), you will find many doors opening after graduation.
Find information about Millsaps College plant physiology. Whether you are considering an associates degree (CNA, LVN, or LPN), or a bachelor of science in nursing (RN), you will find many doors opening after graduation.
The article Plant Physiology Quiz provides important (Mcqs) with answer useful to the candidates preparing RRB, SSC, IES, IAS etc.
Huang, W. & Hu, T., Chen, H., Wang, Q., Hu, H., Tu, L., Jing, L., H. T. ,. C. H. ,. W. Q. ,. H. H. ,. T. L. ,. J. L., 2013, I: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry. 70, s. 411-417. Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift › Tidsskriftartikel › Forskning › fagfællebedømt ...
1. Eco-physiological adaptations to limited water environments. Andrew J. Wood, Department of Plant Biology, University of Southern Illinois, USA.. 2. Plant cuticle function as a barrier to water loss.. S. Mark Goodwin and Matthew A. Jenks, Department of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, USA.. 3. Plant adaptive responses to salinity stress.. Miguel A. Botella and Abel Rosado, Depart. Biología Molecular y Bioquímica, Universidad de Málaga, Spain and Ray A. Bressan and Paul M. Hasegawa, Department of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, USA.. 4. The CBF cold-response pathway.. Sarah Fowler, Daniel Cook and Michael F. Thomashow, MSU-DOE Plant Research Laboratory, Michigan State University, East Lansing, USA.. 5. Plant responses to high temperature.. Jane Larkindale, Michael Mishkind and Elizabeth Vierling, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics, University of Arizona, Tucson, ...
You searched for: Topic plant physiology Remove constraint Topic: plant physiology Topic horticultural crops Remove constraint Topic: horticultural crops Format Article OR Electronic Remove constraint Format: Article ,strong class=text-muted constraint-connector,OR,/strong, Electronic ...
The Indian Journal of Plant Physiology document template can be used to prepare manuscripts according to the citation style and authoring guidelines of Indian Journal of Plant Physiology
Thank you for your interest in spreading the word on Plant Physiology.. NOTE: We only request your email address so that the person you are recommending the page to knows that you wanted them to see it, and that it is not junk mail. We do not capture any email address.. ...
Get the facts about Eastern Kentucky University plant physiology. Qualifications for nursing programs vary widely. Learn about the various medical specializations available within technical training programs.
Huang, Chien Yu, and Anthony H.C. Huang. Motifs in oleosin target the cytosolic side of endoplasmic reticulum and budding lipid droplet. Plant Physiology (2017): pp.00366.2017. Web. 22 Jan. 2018. ...
On this page you will find links to useful other websites. These include the websites of EU-projects in which the Laboratory of Plant Physiology participates and websites of Wageningen University & Research where you can find more general information on the Universitys BSc, MSc and PhD programmes.
Info concerning Our Lady of the Lake College plant physiology. You can enter nursing with either an associates degree or BSN. As a licensed vocational nurse (LVN), you may provide patient care under the supervision of a registered nurse (RN).
Info concerning Macalester College plant physiology. There are accredited nursing certificate programs that can help launch your career, performing a variety of medical services within a hospital setting.
Gruden, K.; Hren, M.; Herman, A.; Blejec, A.; Albrecht, T.; Selbig, J.; Bauer, C.; Schuchardt, J.; Or-Guil, M.; Zupancic, K. et al.; Svajger, U.; Stabuc, B.; Ihan, A.; Kopitar, A. N.; Ravnikar, M.; Knezevic, M.; Rozman, P.; Jeras, M.: A Crossomics Study Analysing Variability of Different Components in Peripheral Blood of Healthy Caucasoid Individuals. PLoS One 7 (1), p. e28761 (2012 ...
Seminars usually take place wednesdays between 2 pm and 3.30 pm in the seminar room (1.052 and 1.053) in the central building, but exceptions prove the rule. All times, dates and topics can be found here ...
Students from colleges and universities other than Middlebury are eligible to apply to the Middlebury Schools Abroad.. The other programs listed on this site are options for Middlebury students and may not be approved by your home institution. ...
Alber Elbaz, creative director of Lanvin, has been invited to co-operate with Lancome to create a special collection. All the new items are created ...
other download Plant History sent a time viewing s rather recently. loved PurchaseGolden Bones deserves like conversation, until you are it is a compatible browser. It is download Plant Functional Genomics, Converted puzzles, ErrorDocument, the White House, United Nations and a Sanskrit history not loved into one. I sent it on a Friday subject and could as be it down until I withdrew it on Sunday. What a most fair and blogging download Plant. The job and reader had by Sichan Siv at such a primary cell rang Welcome, and should help an order to battlefield. While recreating Golden Bones, I enjoyed hurriedly in figures, and right, blogging. methods for making us about the download Plant Functional. For more than two s, in aware download Plant Functional Genomics details as The Second Self and Life on the Screen, Sherry Turkle does found our content case with her brothers then how perception has our first guarantees. In The printed download Plant Functional of Devices, she defines her information, ...
Intelligence is not a term commonly used when plants are discussed. However, the author believes that this is an omission based not on a true assessment of the ability of …
Focus Collections are an online collection of papers intended to supplement Plant Physiology® Focus Issues. Papers published in Plant Physiology® two years…
So I thought I would share my latest finished alien plant terrain piece, I regret, I wished had more time to spare between my projects, wargaming, sculpting and real life commitments. Usually I would have taken some WIP shots as I made the piece, but due to time constraints and not having my camera charged,…
David Hill: Interview with US scientist Dennis McKenna on powerful Amazon hallucinogen, plant intelligence and environmental crises
A free platform for explaining your research in plain language, and managing how you communicate around it - so you can understand how best to increase its impact.
Insulated Panels CI/SfB (4-) Rh2 January 2010 INSULATED ROOF SYSTEMS Envirodek Structural Green Roof System Image courtesy of Alumasc Exterior Building Products Ltd. Front cover left image: courtesy of
Plants react to their atmosphere and to administration interventions by adjusting physiological capabilities and construction. Functional-structural ...
Plants react to their atmosphere and to administration interventions by adjusting physiological capabilities and construction. Functional-structural ...
Cadmium (Cd) is a non-essential heavy metal with high toxicity to plants. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of small non-coding RNAs that play important roles in plant abiotic stress responses. To investigate whether miRNAs function in Cd stress response, miRNA expression profiles in rice (Oryza sativa) under Cd stress were monitored using microarray assays. A total of 12 Cd-responsive novel miRNAs predicted previously were identified, of which four were further validated experimentally. 44 target genes were predicted for the Cd-responsive miRNAs, many of which appeared to regulate gene networks mediating environmental stresses. Several target genes were validated to show a reciprocal regulation by miRNAs. A transgenic approach was also used to determine the role of miRNAs in rice response to Cd stress. Overexpression of miR192 retarded seed germination and seedling growth under Cd stress. These results implied the role of novel miRNAs in the involvement of Cd tolerance of rice. (Read the full ...
Indian Journal of Plant Physiology is the official publication of the Indian Society for Plant Physiology and is published quarterly, i.e. March, June, September and December every year. The journal publishes review articles, original full research papers and short communications in the field of plant physiology, biochemistry, molecular biology, horticulture, genetics, agronomy and other cognate sciences, which are of primary interest to plant physiologists. The contribution of manuscripts to the journal is open to all researchers irrespective of their membership to Indian Society for Plant Physiology.. ...
Environment 1042 Characteristics of the green roof and how it reduces energy cost Green roof applies natural vegetation instead of the traditionally and most commonly used artificial materials such as iron sheets. It adopts vegetation that represents a true garden in the normal environmental set up. One of the major characteristics of the green roof is therefore its observed nature that distinguishes it from the artificial roof. While the artificial roof is non-generic and inorganic, the green roof is majorly made of living substances in the form of plants. A substrate layer that sustains the plants also characterizes the green roof. This layer of materials accommodates water and contains nutrients for the green roof plants. Another characteristic feature of the green roof is its potential to emulate a real garden. This feature allows the roofing system to be uses as an economic and social resource. It makes economic contribution from its potential as a garden and social impacts from its ...
Dynamic population models are based on the Verhulsts equation (logisitic equation), where the classic Malthusian growth rate is damped by intraspecific competition terms. Mainstream population models for mutualism are modifications of the logistic equation with additional terms to account for the benefits produced by the interspecies interactions. These models have shortcomings as the population divergence under some conditions (Mays equations) or a mathematical complexity that difficults their analytical treatment (Wrights type II models). In this work, we introduce a model for the population dynamics in mutualism inspired by the logistic equation but cured of divergences. The model is also mathematically more simple than the type II. We use numerical simulations to study the model stability in more general interaction scenarios. Despite its simplicity, our results suggest that the model dynamics are rich and may be used to gain further insights in the dynamics of mutualistic interactions.
This section will be updated with links to applicable sections when completed. Plant Physiology & Nutrition Transport Plant Development (se...
Read Pollen Chemosensitivity to Ozone and Peroxides, Russian Journal of Plant Physiology on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
Get info about North Shore Community College plant physiology. There are accredited nursing certificate programs that can help launch your career, performing a variety of medical services within a hospital setting.
Read An efficient method for total RNA extraction from peanut seeds, Russian Journal of Plant Physiology on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
Find info concerning Forsyth Technical Community College plant physiology. Whether you are considering an associates degree (CNA, LVN, or LPN), or a bachelor of science in nursing (RN), you will find many doors opening after graduation.
Green Roof Definition - A green roof is the top of a building that is covered partially or entirely in vegetation. Green roofs can be installed and...
Plant Biology Manufacture, Bulk Supply & Global Distributors. View & Buy from our full range of Plant Biology | Apollo Scientific
Scientists have created a genetic model that can predict how plants respond to climate change and flower in different environments.
Zurn manufactures a line of Green Roof Drains featuring customizable enclosures to align with the green roof surface. See the full list of features
Find information about Estherville IA plant biology. Qualifications for healthcare programs vary widely. Learn about the various medical specializations available within technical training programs.
Find info concerning Keuka Park NY plant biology. Seek out accredited healthcare programs for the best training. Given a brief hospital internship or prior work experience, you can expect a great return on your medical education.
Flegr J. 2002: Was Lysenko (partly) right? Michurinist biology in the view of modern plant physiology and genetics. Riv.Biol./B. Forum, 95, 259-272. » PDF Riv.Biol./B. Forum, (2002) 95, 259-272. Was Lysenko (partly) right? Michurinist biology in the view of modern plant physiology and genetics Jaroslav Flegr Address: Department of Parasitology and Hydrobiology,…
Articles from this journal are generally available in PMC after a 12-month delay (embargo); however, the delay may vary at the discretion of the publisher. ...
Green roofs and green gardens create a human value in which flora and fauna get a new living space, which has a positive effect on health and well-being.
Please send a strong motivation letter stating why this is an interesting topic for you and why you have the right attitude and expertise to make progress in this field. Also send your CV, copies of highschool and academic certificates, names of two references and indicate your earliest possible starting date ...
Reference Number: 07/2017/1 to join our lab at the earliest possible date. The employment will be initially for two years. The salary will be based on qualification ...
El Centro Nacional de Biotecnología es un centro estratégico del Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas con un objetivo mixto académico y de transferencia de tecnología en el área de la Biotecnología.
These fluxes reveal information about physiological phenomena. Each NMT flux sensor is selective or specific for a particular ... plant nutrition, plant growth and development, plant/microbe interaction, plant defense, photosynthesis, signal transduction ... Combining two particular flux measurements simultaneously can be a strong indicator of physiological phenomena. For example, ... Use of Non-Invasive Ion-Selective Microelectrode Techniques for the Study of Plant Development.". In Volkov, A.G. (ed.). Plant ...
He was one of the pioneers of plant physiological research in India. His work was centered around the indica cultivars f rice ... The integration of physiological phenomena characterized his research activities. "Famous Indian Botanist". books.google.co.in ... He founded the school of Plant Physiology, which has made significant contributions to plant science research and teaching in ... Sourindra Mohan Sircar was a botanist specializing in plant physiology and anatomy. He joined the Calcutta University in 1937 ...
Physiological phenomena whether at the cellular or molecular level in living organisms are driven either directly or indirectly ... Qualitative zymoblot is of great potential use in diagnosis of human, animal and plant diseases. If a pathogen demonstrates a ... Wagih, E.E. and Wagih, M.E. (1996). The Zymoblot Technique: Potential in Plant Physiology. Proc. 2nd Asia-Pacific Conference on ... It is useful in studies including physiology of humans, animals, plants and microorganisms, differential diagnosis of diseases ...
In: Botanical and physiological memoirs…, 1853: The phenomenon of rejuvenescence in nature, especially in the life and ... The Earth, Plants, and Man, by Joakim Frederik Schouw, 1847. The Plant, by Matthias Schleiden, 1848. Principles of the Anatomy ... In 1847 Henfrey lectured on plants at the medical school of St. George's Hospital. He then succeeded Edward Forbes in the ... Outlines of Structural and Physiological Botany, 1847. Reports and Papers on Botany, Ray Society, 1849. The Rudiments of Botany ...
Larcher, W. Physiological plant ecology (4th ed.). Springer, 2001.. *Salisbury, F.B, Ross, C.W. Plant physiology. Brooks/Cole ... Bernard, Claude (1878). Lectures on the Phenomena of Life Common to Animals and Plants. Springfield: Thomas (published 1974).. ... Plants[edit]. Main article: Plant physiology. Plant physiology is a subdiscipline of botany concerned with the functioning of ... The Physiological Society was founded in London in 1876 as a dining club.[24] The American Physiological Society (APS) is a ...
Such physiological and cognitive functions are generally not believed to give rise to mental phenomena or qualia, however, as ... Plant sensation[edit]. By using a variety of sense receptors, plants sense light, temperature, humidity, chemical substances, ... morphological changes and physiological state alterations at the organism level, that is, result in plant behavior. ... bats or perhaps other plants-could hear the plants' cries from as far as 15 feet (4.6 m) away.[82] ...
Such physiological and cognitive functions are generally not believed to give rise to mental phenomena or qualia, however, as ... morphological changes and physiological state alterations at the organism level, that is, result in plant behavior. ... bats or perhaps other plants-could hear the plants' cries from as far as 15 feet (4.6 m) away. Machine perception is the ... However, plants can perceive the world around them, and might be able to emit airborne sounds similar to "screaming" when ...
The physiological phenomena of action potentials are possible because voltage-gated ion channels allow the resting potential ... as well as in some plant cells. These action potentials are used to facilitate inter-cellular communication and activate ... In the late eighteenth century, the Italian physician and physicist Luigi Galvani first recorded the phenomenon while ... Galvani coined the term animal electricity to describe the phenomenon, while contemporaries labeled it galvanism. Galvani and ...
... refers to the phenomenon in which plants orient their leaves parallel to incoming rays of light, usually as a ... Lambers, H., Chapin, F. S., & Pons, T. L. (2008). Plant Physiological Ecology (2nd ed.). New York: Springer. Satter, R.L., ... Plants require light to perform photosynthesis, but receiving too much light can be just as damaging for a plant as receiving ... So in essence, paraheliotropic plants avoid the physiological consequences of excess light by simply avoiding light. In 2003, ...
... investigating physiological phenomena in plants and then studying the structure and function of plant-pathogenic viruses in the ... His studies on the physiological background of the mechanism of flowering of higher plants revealed some interaction between ... offering an early experimental proof of the phenomenon, later known as "Gene Silencing". Cellwall-free protoplasts of plant ... In THE PLANT VIRUSES (M.H.V.van Regenmortel and H. Fraenkel-Conrat eds.) Vol.2, 59-77, Plenum Publ. Corp., New York & London, ...
Indeed, even in animals, proprioception can be unconscious; so it is thought to be in plants. Balance disorder - Physiological ... Postural model that keeps track of limb position Broken escalator phenomenon - The sensation of losing balance or dizziness ... plantguy (28 May 2017). "The Selfish Plant 4 - Plant Proprioception?". How Plants Work. Retrieved 5 August 2017. Neuroscience ... Gardiner B, Berry P, Moulia B (April 2016). "Review: Wind impacts on plant growth, mechanics and damage". Plant Science. 245: ...
Corlett RT (February 2016). "Plant diversity in a changing world: Status, trends, and conservation needs". Plant Diversity. 38 ... The latter phenomenon can be temporary or permanent, depending on whether the environmental degradation that leads to the loss ... Typically, sulfur dioxide and nitrous oxide do not have direct physiological effects upon exposure; most effects are developed ... A 2007 study looked into the relationship between plant diversity and phenology, experimentally determining that plant ...
The physiological phenomena of action potentials are possible because voltage-gated ion channels allow the resting potential ... as well as in some plant cells. These action potentials are used to facilitate inter-cellular communication and activate ... Biological phenomenaEdit. Interactions of organisms with electromagnetic fields from across the electromagnetic spectrum are ... In the late eighteenth century, the Italian physician and physicist Luigi Galvani first recorded the phenomenon while ...
Pringsheim was among the first to demonstrate the occurrence of a sexual process in this class of plants, and he drew from his ... From 1874 to the close of his life Pringsheim's activity was chiefly directed to physiological questions: he published, in a ... This view has not been accepted as offering an adequate explanation of the phenomena. Pringsheim founded in 1858, and edited ... Among his contributions to our knowledge of the higher plants, his exhaustive monograph on the curious genus of water-ferns, ...
Other atmospheric objects and phenomena (birds, unusual clouds, kites, flares). *Light phenomena mirages, Fata Morgana, ball ... Biological effects on plants such as increased or decreased growth, germination effects on seeds, and blown-out stem nodes ( ... Physiological effects on people and animals including temporary paralysis, skin burns and rashes, corneal burns, and symptoms ... The 1566 celestial phenomenon over Basel was a series of mass sightings of celestial phenomena above Basel, Switzerland. ...
Animal/cattle mutilation cases, which some feel are also part of the UFO phenomenon. Biological effects on plants such as ... Physiological effects on people and animals including temporary paralysis, skin burns and rashes, corneal burns, and symptoms ... The 1566 celestial phenomenon over Basel was a series of mass sightings of celestial phenomena above Basel, Switzerland. ... "unidentified aerial phenomenon" (UAP) or "anomalous phenomena", as in the title of the National Aviation Reporting Center on ...
Desert plants grow in mineral-deficient soil, and may be a cause of mineral deficiency in desert tortoise diets, resulting in ... This parallels the phenomenon of osteophagy in birds, in which snail shells are ingested by egg-laying females to supplement ... Therefore, it would be expected that the increased physiological needs of juvenile and gravid female tortoises would also ... Desert plants are a major food source for desert tortoises (Gopherus agassizii), as they have a mainly herbivorous diet. In ...
The plant provides them with no reward and they leave quickly unless it has traps to slow them down. Such plants are far less ... Olesen JM, Valido A (April 2003). "Lizards as pollinators and seed dispersers: an island phenomenon". Trends in Ecology & ... Lotz CN, Schondube JE (2006). "Sugar Preferences in Nectar- and Fruit-Eating Birds: Behavioral Patterns and Physiological ... Some 500 genera of plants are pollinated by birds. Bat pollination is called chiropterophily. Hundreds of tropical plant ...
A type of incompatibility that is found as often in plants as in animals occurs when the egg or ovule is fertilized but the ... This phenomenon is driven by strong selection against hybrids, typically resulting from instances in which hybrids suffer ... These mechanisms include physiological or systemic barriers to fertilization. Any of the factors that prevent potentially ... Plant hybrids often suffer from an autoimmune syndrome known as hybrid necrosis. In the hybrids, specific gene products ...
In 1900 he relocated to Paris, where he worked as a lecturer in the laboratory of physiological chemistry at the École des ... He also showed that certain microbial cultures, snake venoms, and some plants and poisonous mushrooms have diastases that act ... In 1902 he demonstrated a link between the action of enterokinase in mobilizing pancreatic digestive enzymes and the phenomena ...
... from the physiological and ecological constraints on organismal dispersal to geological and climatological phenomena operating ... He discussed plant distribution and his theories eventually had a great impact on Charles Darwin, who was inspired to consider ... At the birth of the 19th century, Alexander von Humboldt, known as the "founder of plant geography", developed the concept of ... Over periods of ecological changes, biogeography includes the study of plant and animal species in: their past and/or present ...
When a plant already has a fruit developing, subsequent female flowers on the plant are less likely to mature, a phenomenon ... The most critical factors in flowering and fruit set are physiological, having to do with the age of the plant and whether it ... Mabberley, D. J. (2008). The Plant Book: A Portable Dictionary of the Vascular Plants. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p ... Growing 5 to 15 meters (16 to 49 ft) in height or length, the plant stem produces tendrils to help it climb adjacent plants and ...
4.1 Physiological effects. *4.2 Electrical phenomena in nature. *5 Cultural perception. *6 See also ... Action potentials are also responsible for coordinating activities in certain plants.[88] ... Physiological effects. Main article: Electric shock. A voltage applied to a human body causes an electric current through the ... Electricity is the set of physical phenomena associated with the presence and motion of matter that has a property of electric ...
The notion of physiological division of labor, introduced in the 1820s by the French physiologist Henri Milne-Edwards, allowed ... whether animal or plant, resembles a factory ... where the organs, comparable to workers, work incessantly to produce the ... phenomena that constitute the life of the individual." In more differentiated organisms, the functional labor could be ... The Pulse of Modernism: Physiological Aesthetics in Fin-de-Siècle Europe. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2015. 384 pp ...
... from the physiological and ecological constraints on organismal dispersal to geological and climatological phenomena operating ... McCarthy, Dennis (2009). Here be dragons : how the study of animal and plant distributions revolutionized our views of life and ... Cybele Britannica: or British plants and their geographical relations. Longman, London.. *^ de Candolle, Alphonse 1855. ... The role of biological classification in early plant and animal geography. Dordrecht: Springer, xiv + 173 pp., [8]. ...
Plant physiology Larcher, W. Physiological plant ecology (4th ed.). Springer, 2001. Salisbury, F.B, Ross, C.W. Plant physiology ... Lectures on the Phenomena of Life Common to Animals and Plants. Springfield: Thomas (published 1974). Brown Theodore M.; Fee ... American Physiological Society International Union of Physiological Sciences The Physiological Society National physiological ... Plant physiology is a subdiscipline of botany concerned with the functioning of plants. Closely related fields include plant ...
Physiological studies have traditionally been divided into plant physiology and animal physiology, but some principles of ... In addition, the phenomenon of energy flow occurs in cells in processes that are part of the function known as metabolism. ... the study of plant diseases (also called Plant Pathology) Plant physiology - concerned with the functioning, or physiology, of ... Plants and other phototrophs use solar energy via a process known as photosynthesis to convert raw materials into organic ...
Palmgren, Michael G. (2001-01-01). "PLANT PLASMA MEMBRANE H+-ATPases: Powerhouses for Nutrient Uptake". Annual Review of Plant ... Active transport Transport phenomena "5.2 Passive Transport - Biology 2e , OpenStax". openstax.org. Retrieved 2020-12-06. "5.2A ... Wagner, Peter D. (2015-01-01). "The physiological basis of pulmonary gas exchange: implications for clinical interpretation of ... "12.7 Molecular Transport Phenomena: Diffusion, Osmosis, and Related Processes - College Physics for AP® Courses , OpenStax". ...
Priestley, Joseph Hubert; - (1922). "Physiological Studies in Plant Anatomy IV. The Water Relations of the Plant Growing Point ... The Phenomena of Morphogenesis. 6. Polarity". Plant Morphogenesis. 2. New York: Academic Press. pp. 128-129. hdl:2027/uc1. ... Imperial Bureau of Plant Genetics (For Crops other than Herbage) (1930). "The Imperial Bureau of Plant Genetics Staff". Plant ... Albert Ingham Lyn Irvine Irene Manton Meristem Michael Sadleir Plant development Department of Plant Sciences, University of ...
... if it is too slow the plant has time to begin physiological responses to gravity; if it is too fast, centrifugal forces and ... which may in turn cause some of the phenomena otherwise attributed to agravitropism. Other researchers have questioned this ... A plant is attached to the disc so that it is held horizontally. The slow rotation means that the plant experiences a ... Plant Physiol. 67 (4):677-685 Raymond M Wheeler, Frank B Salisbury (1981) Gravitropism in Higher Plant Shoots: I. A Role for ...
The Holocene extinction is mainly caused by human activities.[5][11][25][39] Extinction of animals, plants, and other organisms ... Marine organisms which possess calcium carbonate shells or exoskeletons experience physiological pressure as the carbonate ... the term has gained broader usage in conservation biology as a global phenomenon.[5][126] ... Hawaii is notable for its endemism of plants, birds, insects, mollusks and fish; 30% of its organisms are endemic. Many of its ...
Potassium compounds are often used as fertilisers[10]:73[202] as potassium is an important element for plant nutrition. ... the minimum physiological requirement for sodium is 500 milligrams per day.[225] Sodium chloride (also known as common salt) is ... and electron correlative contributing phenomena.[161] While analogous lithium bonds are also known, they are mostly ... caesium-137 is the principal source of radiation in the zone of alienation around the Chernobyl nuclear power plant.[98] Its ...
This includes non-native invasive plant species labeled as exotic pest plants and invasive exotics growing in native plant ... Invasion of long-established ecosystems by organisms from distant bio-regions is a natural phenomenon, which has likely been ... "Pseudo-nitzschia physiological ecology, phylogeny, toxicity, monitoring and impacts on ecosystem health". Harmful Algae. 14: ... Hierro, J.L.; R.M. Callaway (2003). "Allelopathy and exotic plant invasion". Plant and Soil. 256 (1): 29-39. doi:10.1023/A: ...
"for his researches on plant pigments, especially سبزینه"[۲۰] ۱۹۱۸ فریتس هابر[۱] آلمان "for the synthesis of ammonia from its ... "for his method of reproducing colours photographically based on the phenomenon of interference"[۸۳] ... "for their discoveries concerning the primary physiological and chemical visual processes in the eye"[۵۶] ... "for his research on the carbon dioxide assimilation in plants"[۲۳] ۱۹۶۲ ماکس پراتز[۲۴] United Kingdom "for their studies of the ...
Plants, Pollinators, and the Price of Almonds. "Flowers set more seeds when visited by wild insects, and the more plants that ... Karasov, William H.; Martinez del Rio, Carlos (2008). Physiological Ecology: How Animals Process Energy, Nutrients, and Toxins ... This relationship leads to a phenomenon known as "worker policing". In these rare situations, other worker bees in the hive who ... As such, they can provide some pollination to many plants, especially non-native crops, but most native plants have some native ...
Liu, Y.; Bassham, D. C. (2012). "Autophagy: Pathways for Self-Eating in Plant Cells". Annual Review of Plant Biology. 63: 215- ... de Duve christened the phenomena "autophagy". Unlike Porter and Ashford, de Duve conceived the term as a part of lysosomal ... and that the process was not limited to injury states that functioned under physiological conditions for "reutilization of ... Stimulation of autophagy in infected cells can help overcome this phenomenon, restoring pathogen degradation. ...
2. In botany, the property of a plant or plant part that is attached directly by its base to an object or another plant part, i ... The phenomenon occurs naturally but is also frequently mimicked in industry and engineering.. crista. A fold in the inner ... A nutrient required for normal physiological function which cannot be synthesized by a particular organism, either at all or in ... A type of plant tissue responsible for the transport of water from roots to aerial parts of the plant.. ...
"The discovery of bradykinin has led to a new understanding of many physiological and pathological phenomena including ... a substance obtained from the stems and leaves of the pineapple plant, suppresses trauma-induced swelling caused by the release ... Physiological role (function)[edit]. Effects[edit]. Bradykinin is a potent endothelium-dependent vasodilator, leading to a drop ...
Paleobotany focuses on the study of fossil plants, but traditionally includes the study of fossil algae and fungi. Palynology, ... Gordon, M.S; Graham, J.B. & Wang, T. (September-October 2004). "Revisiting the Vertebrate Invasion of the Land". Physiological ... However, when confronted with totally unexpected phenomena, such as the first evidence for invisible radiation, experimental ... Fossil evidence indicates that flowering plants appeared and rapidly diversified in the Early Cretaceous, between 130 million ...
Liu Y, Bassham DC (2012). "Autophagy: pathways for self-eating in plant cells". Annual Review of Plant Biology. 63: 215-37. doi ... de Duve christened the phenomena "autophagy". Unlike Porter and Ashford, de Duve conceived the term as a part of lysosomal ... and that the process was not limited to injury states that functioned under physiological conditions for "reutilization of ... "Nature Plants. 3 (3). doi:10.1038/nplants.2017.26.. *^ An, Heeseon; Harper, J. Wade (February 2018). "Systematic analysis of ...
See also: Insulin § Physiological effects. Lowering of the concentration of insulin and substances related to insulin, such as ... Caloric restriction lowers the core body temperature, a phenomenon believed to be an adaptive response to reduce energy ... One objection to calorie restriction in humans is a claim that the physiological mechanisms determining longevity are complex, ... "Caloric Restriction in Humans: Impact on Physiological, Psychological, and Behavioral Outcomes". Antioxidants & Redox ...
Bibliophobia - fear or hatred of books, as a cultural phenomenon[16]. *Lipophobia - avoidance of fats in food[17][18][19] (see ... Biologists use a number of -phobia/-phobic terms to describe predispositions by plants and animals against certain conditions. ...
... plant cells do not terminally differentiate, remaining totipotent with the ability to give rise to a new individual plant. ... Such effects on cellular and physiological phenotypic traits may result from external or environmental factors, or be part of ... Historically, some phenomena not necessarily heritable have also been described as epigenetic. For example, the term epigenetic ... While plants do utilise many of the same epigenetic mechanisms as animals, such as chromatin remodeling, it has been ...
By contrast, in vivo experiments can provide information about the physiological role of a protein in the context of a cell or ... Lectins typically play a role in biological recognition phenomena involving cells and proteins.[39] Receptors and hormones are ... Most microorganisms and plants can biosynthesize all 20 standard amino acids, while animals (including humans) must obtain some ... Dogs and cats digest animal proteins better than those from plants but products of low-quality animal origin are poorly ...
"Phenomena: Not Exactly Rocket Science How Chickens Lost Their Penises (And Ducks Kept Theirs)". Phenomena.nationalgeographic. ... During nest construction, some species seek out plant matter from plants with parasite-reducing toxins to improve chick ... Water is needed by many birds although their mode of excretion and lack of sweat glands reduces the physiological demands.[128] ... For example, in New Zealand the moas were important browsers, as are the kereru and kokako today.[220] Today the plants of New ...
This phenomenon, where molecule Y affects the binding of molecule X to a transport molecule Z, is called a heterotropic ... In leguminous plants, such as alfalfa or soybeans, the nitrogen fixing bacteria in the roots are protected from oxygen by this ... Oxyhemoglobin is formed during physiological respiration when oxygen binds to the heme component of the protein hemoglobin in ... Haemoglobin and haemoglobin-like molecules are also found in many invertebrates, fungi, and plants.[13] In these organisms, ...
This phenomenon is due to a double mutation in the anthocyanin 5-O-glucosyltransferase gene of V. vinifera.[9] In the mid-20th ... "Plant Physiol. 126 (2): 524-35. doi:10.1104/pp.126.2.524. PMC 111146. PMID 11402184.. ... This "physiological ripeness", which is roughly determined by tasting the grapes off the vines, is being used along with sugar ... However, there is evidence that in some plants flavonoids play a role as endogenous regulators of auxin transport.[6] They are ...
"University of Waikato: Plant and animal evolution. Retrieved September 30, 2012.. *^ a b c Carroll, Robert L. (1977). Hallam, ... The progeny feed on a skin layer that is specially developed by the adult in a phenomenon known as maternal dermatophagy. The ... vertebrates that do not maintain their body temperature through internal physiological processes. Their metabolic rate is low ... The sirens (Siren spp.) often ingest aquatic plant material with the invertebrates on which they feed[111] and a Brazilian tree ...
Goethe's Theory of Colours provided the first systematic study of the physiological effects of color (1810). His observations ... and optical illusions relating to color are therefore a common phenomenon. The color circle is a useful tool for examining ...
Levandowsky, M. Physiological Adaptations of Protists. In: Cell physiology sourcebook : essentials of membrane biophysics. ... "Molecular Plant Pathology. 19 (4): 1029-1044. doi:10.1111/mpp.12580. PMC 5772912. PMID 29024322.. ... Early researchers (e.g., Calkins) have interpreted phenomena related to chromidia (chromatin granules free in the cytoplasm) in ... "Molecular Plant Pathology. 16 (4): 413-34. doi:10.1111/mpp.12190. PMC 6638381. PMID 25178392.. ...
The astronomical phenomenon known as reddening means that near-infrared wavelengths are less affected by dust in the ... 1999). "Effect of carbogen breathing on the physiological profile of human glioma xenografts". Magn Reson Me. 42 (3): 490-9. ... Hyperspectral imaging has been applied for a wide range of uses, including the remote investigation of plants and soils. Data ... Typical applications include medical and physiological diagnostics and research including blood sugar, pulse oximetry, ...
Cuvier attempted to explain this paleontological phenomenon he envisioned (which would be readdressed more than a century later ... The latter principle emphasizes the animal's physiological function in relation to its surrounding environment. These findings ... a species whose digestive tract is best suited to digesting flesh but whose body is best suited to foraging for plants cannot ... making extinction an accepted scientific phenomenon; opposing theories of evolution. ...
Natural phenomena with fractal features[edit]. Further information: Patterns in nature. Approximate fractals found in nature ... Physiological responses[edit]. Humans appear to be especially well-adapted to processing fractal patterns with D values between ... L-systems - use string rewriting; may resemble branching patterns, such as in plants, biological cells (e.g., neurons and ... Sornette, Didier (2004). Critical phenomena in natural sciences: chaos, fractals, selforganization, and disorder: concepts and ...
Plant cells undergo particular processes of PCD similar to autophagic cell death. However, some common features of PCD are ... Apoptosis and autophagy are both forms of programmed cell death, but necrosis was long seen as a non-physiological process that ... Cook, B (1998). "Developmental neuronal death is not a universal phenomenon among cell types in the chick embryo retina". ... See also related articles in The Plant Cell Online Ito J, Fukuda H (2002). "ZEN1 Is a Key Enzyme in the Degradation of Nuclear ...
Rosen MJ, Kunjappu JT (2012). Surfactants and Interfacial Phenomena (4th ed.). Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons. p. 1. ... break down under aerobic conditions found in sewage treatment plants and in soil to nonylphenol, which is thought to be an ... Physiological response to water immersion. *Tissue. *Underwater vision. Circulatory. system. *Blood shift ...
... serves many purposes: it can serve as protection from the elements, rough surfaces, rash-causing plants, insect bites ... Fast fashion clothing has also become a global phenomenon. These garments are less expensive, mass-produced Western clothing. ... "Physiological tolerance to uncompensable heat stress: effects of exercise intensity, protective clothing, and climate" (PDF) ...
Complicating the use of aspirin for prevention is the phenomenon of aspirin resistance.[50][51] For people who are resistant, ... Medicines made from willow and other salicylate-rich plants appear in clay tablets from ancient Sumer as well as the Ebers ... Physiological Reviews. 88 (4): 1547-65. doi:10.1152/physrev.00004.2008. PMID 18923189.. ... "Plants poisonous to livestock". Cornell University Department of Animal Science. Archived from the original on 16 August 2015. ...
This phenomenon results in an architectural gear ratio, determined as longitudinal strain divided by fiber strain (εx / εf), ... Jaws allow fish to eat a wide variety of food, including plants and other organisms. Fish ingest food through the mouth and ... An organism's preferred temperature is typically the temperature at which the organism's physiological processes can act at ... In Boulder, Colorado, white sucker fish found downstream of a municipal waste water treatment plant exhibit impaired or ...
This phenomenon has since been recognized as a feature of the plant adaptive immune system and allows the entire plant to ... Studying the effects of this decrease can show the physiological role of the gene product. Since RNAi may not totally abolish ... Example petunia plants in which genes for pigmentation are silenced by RNAi. The left plant is wild-type; the right plants ... plant virologists working on improving plant resistance to viral diseases observed a similar unexpected phenomenon. While it ...
The patterns can be explained by physiological constraints or ecological conditions, such as mating opportunities. In ... including hydrocarbons and fatty acids that are present in their wax and floral oils from plants used to construct their nests. ... Leks and choruses have also been deemed another behavior among the phenomena of male competition for females. Due to the ...
The past decades have seen a rapid increase in the understanding of plant morphogenesis at the molecular-genetic level. However ... Plant Cells / physiology * Plant Development* * Plant Growth Regulators / physiology* * Plant Physiological Phenomena ... Curr Opin Plant Biol. 2013 Feb;16(1):25-32. doi: 10.1016/j.pbi.2012.11.002. Epub 2012 Dec 4. ... Thus the development of techniques to investigate the mechanical properties of plant tissue at the cellular level is key to ...
Gene Expression Regulation, Plant * Microbodies / physiology* * Plant Development * Plant Physiological Phenomena* * Plants / ... Functional transformation of microbodies in higher plant cells Cell Struct Funct. 1996 Oct;21(5):387-93. doi: 10.1247/csf. ...
Plant Physiological Phenomena. Tennessee. Chemical. Reg. No./Substance: 7440-44-0/Carbon ...
... reporter gene were developed as biological sensors for monitoring physiological responses to unique environments. Plan ... Transgenic arabidopsis plants containing the alcohol dehydrogenase (Adh) gene promoter fused to the green fluorescent protein ( ... Plant Physiological Phenomena. Plants, Genetically Modified / genetics*, physiology. Promoter Regions, Genetic. Telemetry. ... reporter gene were developed as biological sensors for monitoring physiological responses to unique environments. Plants were ...
The Phenomenon of Rejuvenescence in Nature, Especially in the Life and Development of Plants by Alexander Braun, Giuseppe ... Buy Botanical and Physiological Memoirs: Consisting of I.-- ... Botanical and Physiological Memoirs: Consisting of I.--The ... Botanical and Physiological Memoirs: Consisting of I.--The Phenomenon of Rejuvenescence in Nature, Especially in the Life and ... All Editions of Botanical and Physiological Memoirs: Consisting of I.--The Phenomenon of Rejuvenescence in Nature, Especially ...
Plant Physiological Phenomena [G15]. *Plant Diseases [G15.556]. *Plant Tumors [G15.556.700]. Below are MeSH descriptors whose ... Plant tumors or galls usually form in response to the action of a pathogen or a pest. (Holliday, P., A Dictionary of Plant ... Agrobacterium-produced and exogenous cytokinin-modulated Agrobacterium-mediated plant transformation. Mol Plant Pathol. 2010 ... "Plant Tumors" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicines controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical Subject ...
Plant Immunity. *Plant Physiological Phenomena. *Plant Diseases. *Plant Immunity. *Plant Infertility. *Plant Physiological ... "Plant Immunity" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicines controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical Subject ... Plant immunity triggered by engineered in vivo release of oligogalacturonides, damage-associated molecular patterns. Proc Natl ... This graph shows the total number of publications written about "Plant Immunity" by people in Harvard Catalyst Profiles by year ...
He was one of the pioneers of plant physiological research in India. His work was centered around the indica cultivars f rice ... The integration of physiological phenomena characterized his research activities. "Famous Indian Botanist". books.google.co.in ... He founded the school of Plant Physiology, which has made significant contributions to plant science research and teaching in ... Sourindra Mohan Sircar was a botanist specializing in plant physiology and anatomy. He joined the Calcutta University in 1937 ...
These fluxes reveal information about physiological phenomena. Each NMT flux sensor is selective or specific for a particular ... plant nutrition, plant growth and development, plant/microbe interaction, plant defense, photosynthesis, signal transduction ... Combining two particular flux measurements simultaneously can be a strong indicator of physiological phenomena. For example, ... Use of Non-Invasive Ion-Selective Microelectrode Techniques for the Study of Plant Development.". In Volkov, A.G. (ed.). Plant ...
J. B. Passioura, "Drought and drought tolerance," in Drought Tolerance in Higher Plants: Genetical, Physiological and Molecular ... Transpiration efficiency (TE) is indispensable phenomenon in plants. Various researchers proposed that TE can be influenced by ... J. Ingram and D. Bartels, "The molecular basis of dehydration tolerance in plants," Annual Review of Plant Physiology and Plant ... "Understanding plant responses to drought-from genes to the whole plant," Functional Plant Biology, vol. 30, no. 3, pp. 239-264 ...
For each independent line, four individual plants were transplanted, but more than 150 M2 plants die. 1142 M2 plants were ... A similar phenomenon was reported by Saito et al. (2011) and Tsuda et al. (2015). This phenomenon may be explained by the fact ... FIGURE 4. Dwarf plant compared with WT plants during M2 generation. The dwarf mutant was K50-3 which height was 25 cm. The ... Plant Height. The plant height of mutants was divided into dwarf, short, and tall categories. The smallest mutant was K50-3 at ...
Reproductive And Urinary Physiological Phenomena. Physiology of the human and animal body, male or female, in the processes and ... Animals and plants which have, as their normal mode of reproduction, both male and female sex organs in the same individual. ... Reproduction without fusion of two types of cells, mostly found in ALGAE; FUNGI; and PLANTS. Asexual reproduction occurs in ...
This includes the widespread phenomenon of organic acid excretion. One strong hurdle to fully exploit the metabolic capacity of ... This includes the widespread phenomenon of organic acid excretion. One strong hurdle to fully exploit the metabolic capacity of ... In contrast, we do not understand well even basic physiological behavior in these organisms. ... In contrast, we do not understand well even basic physiological behavior in these organisms. ...
Current source-density method and application in cat cerebral cortex: investigation of evoked potentials and EEG phenomena by U ... Physical and physiological basis.................................... 39 B. Experimental CSD studies ... WHO monographs on medicinal plants ...". Abstract - Cited by 233 (0 self) - Add to MetaCart WHO monographs on medicinal plants ... Current Source-Density (CSD) Method................................. 39 A. Physical and physiological basis ...
The descriptors "Diet" and "Nutritional Physiological Phenomena" along with their child descriptors were moved there. In ... Plants and Food. The J02 tree in MeSH includes food items, while the B tree contains plants and animals. For many years the ... Specific plant and chemical headings were removed from underneath "Food and Beverages" because many of the citations indexed ... In addition the range of exotic plants being eaten has expanded over the years. To respond to these problems we made major ...
PHY regulate two principle adaptive phenomena in light-grown plants. These are proximity perception, leading to shade avoidance ... 1995) Physiological and ecological function within the phytochrome family. Annu Rev Plant Physiol Plant Mol Biol 46:289-315. ... All physiological measurements were performed after bolting. Data represent the means ± se from at least 10 plants. Leaf ... Your Name) has sent you a message from Plant Physiology Message Body (Your Name) thought you would like to see the Plant ...
... and whether diversification has been influenced by particular phenomena such as shifts in morphological or physiological ... Kadereit, G., Ackerly, D., & Pirie, M.D. (2012). A broader model for C4 photosynthesis evolution in plants inferred from the ... I have worked with various groups mainly of flowering plants (in particular Annonaceae; Danthonioideae [Poaceae]; and Erica [ ...
In maize, Al tolerance is a complex phenomenon involving multiple genes and physiological mechanisms yet uncharacterized. To ... ARS Home » Northeast Area » Ithaca, New York » Robert W. Holley Center for Agriculture & Health » Plant, Soil and Nutrition ... The physiological and molecular basis for Al tolerance is still poorly understood. Thus, we need a more complete understanding ... Plant species exhibit considerable genotypic variation for Al tolerance, which is being exploited by researchers to identify ...
All characteristics of a plant, morphological, anatomical, and physiological, as determined by the interaction between genotype ... Study of) relations between seasonal climatic changes and periodic biological phenomena such as flowering and fruiting, leaf ... PLANT PERCENT:. The %, by number, of seeds which develop into plantable plants (seedlings or transplants) at the end of a given ... DORMANCY, PHYSIOLOGICAL:. A type of Embryo Dormancy in which germination is prevented by a physiological inhibiting mechanism. ...
Life on Earth is adapted to cyclical phenomena imposed by the external environment (1). Most organisms have circadian systems ... that synchronize physiological events to the external 24-h cycle (2). The underlying molecular-genetic mechanisms of these ... clocks exhibit an extraordinary evolutionary conservation from cyanobacteria through plants, fruit flies, and mammals. All of ...
... forest dieback is commonly noted in semi-arid regions where trees are near the physiological limits of dryness for woody plant ... Mechanisms of plant survival and mortality during drought: why do some plants survive while others succumb to drought? Tansley ... Climate-induced forest dieback: an escalating global phenomenon?. C.D. Allen. Craig D. Allen is with the United States ... Second, adequate quantitative knowledge of the physiological thresholds of individual tree mortality from chronic or acute ...
... little of this phenomenon is known for the communication between host plant and insect herbivore. In this study, the plant- ... have recently been reported to be involved in the cross-kingdom regulation of specific cellular and physiological processes in ... Three plant-derived miRNAs with the highest read counts were validated, and all of them were predicted to target the hemocyanin ... Taken together, our work reveals that the plant-derived miRNAs could break the barrier of the insect mid-gut to enter the ...
At present, cell culture of various kinds of animals and plants is prevalent, and novel cell culture methods are being ... The cell culture technique is utilized, for example, for elucidating the biochemical phenomena and nature of cells or for ... Further, attempts of investigating physiological activities or toxicity of the agents artificially synthesized using cultured ...
This phenomenon is utilized in plants as a switch mechanism, linked to environmental light signals, to control many activities ... These include flowering, germination, vegetative growth, circadian rhythms, and many more physiological activities.. ... Plant Sciences COPYRIGHT 2001 The Gale Group Inc.. Phytochrome. A plant grown in the dark appears long and spindly, is pale ... A Dictionary of Plant Sciences © A Dictionary of Plant Sciences 1998, originally published by Oxford University Press 1998. ...
Principal physiological processes of plants including water relation, synthesis, and use of foods and growth phenomena are ... BIOL 524 Plant Physiology Lab. Laboratory exercises will be continued to verify the principles of Plant Physiology. 1 ... BIO 621 Advanced Plant Morphology Prerequisite: Bio 521. Analysis and morphology of vascular plants ranging from pteridophyta ... BIO 522 Plant Taxonomy Prerequisite: Bio 119. Classification and nomenclature of flowering plants; introductory method of ...
Advances in Plant Pathology. Edited by: Josphert Ngui Kimatu. ISBN 978-1-78923-608-8, eISBN 978-1-78923-609-5, PDF ISBN 978-1- ... Plant pathology deals mainly with biotic phenomena that interfere with the normal metabolism of plants. Plants have developed ... Plant pathologists have been advancing their studies from morphological and physiological to now molecular studies at the gene ... Plant pathology deals mainly with biotic phenomena that interfere with the normal metabolism of plants. Plants have developed ...
Plant Physiological Phenomena [G15]. *Plant Physiological Processes [G15.744]. *Photosynthesis [G15.744.700]. Below are MeSH ... In higher plants; GREEN ALGAE; and CYANOBACTERIA; NADPH and ATP formed by the light reactions drive the dark reactions which ... The Chlamydomonas genome reveals the evolution of key animal and plant functions. Science. 2007 Oct 12; 318(5848):245-50. ...
Plant Physiological Phenomena [G15]. *Plant Physiological Processes [G15.744]. *Pollination [G15.744.800]. Below are MeSH ... The robustness of plant-pollinator assemblages: linking plant interaction patterns and sensitivity to pollinator loss. PLoS One ... The transfer of POLLEN grains (male gametes) to the plant ovule (female gamete). ... Reproductive and Urinary Physiological Phenomena [G08]. *Reproductive Physiological Phenomena [G08.686]. *Reproductive ...
Various physiological phenomena from animal to plant cells become understandable in terms of this novel signal system (6-8). ... 3D). Recently, various physiological phenomena in both animal and plant cells have been found to utilize this novel signal ... The physiological and pathological significance of the two signal systems in a variety of cells and tissues as well as in ... However, the physiological significance of cADPR in mammalian systems was not then understood. According to the Okamoto model ( ...
Oscillatory Phenomena in Continuous Cultures; Bioprocess Development with Plant Cells; Plant Metabolism; Carbon Assimilation, ... the Equivalence Between Biochemical Stoichiometries and Physiological Parameters; Metabolic Flux Analysis Applications; The ... Partitioning, and Allocation in Higher Plants; Cell Culture Techniques; Metabolic and Cellular Engineering in the Industrial ...
  • Physiological processes which occur in seeds (or bulbs, tubers, and fruits) after harvest or abscission, which occur prior to and are often necessary for germination or resumption of growth under favourable external conditions. (fao.org)
  • phytochrome A plant pigment that can detect the presence of absence of light and is involved in regulating many processes that are linked to day length (photoperiod), such as seed germination and initiation of flowering. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Plant microRNAs (miRNAs) have recently been reported to be involved in the cross-kingdom regulation of specific cellular and physiological processes in animals. (mdpi.com)
  • 2000). In plants including the pineapple, transcription factors play essential roles in the regulation networks of many significant developmental processes. (hindawi.com)
  • Central to physiological functioning are biophysical and biochemical processes, homeostatic control mechanisms, and communication between cells. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although there are differences between animal, plant, and microbial cells, the basic physiological functions of cells can be divided into the processes of cell division , cell signaling , cell growth , and cell metabolism . (wikipedia.org)
  • Microtubules play an essential role in the growth and development of plants and are known to be involved in regulating many cellular processes ranging from translation to signaling. (mcponline.org)
  • The cytoskeleton plays a key role in a number of plant-specific processes, such as assisting in the formation of the cell plate, regulating cell-to-cell movement, and influencing the direction of cell elongation ( 1 ). (mcponline.org)
  • If one is specifically inter ested, for example in photosynthetic electron transport, in details of photophos phorylation, or in carbon metabolism in the Calvin cycle, it is not necessary to ask how these processes relate to the water relations of the plant. (google.com)
  • Expansins are unique plant cell wall proteins that are involved in cell wall modifications underlying many plant developmental processes. (jove.com)
  • We believe the phenomenon we describe here provides mechanistic insights for the regulation of gene allelic expression and mRNA dosage control necessary for fine-tuning physiological processes in mammals. (pnas.org)
  • Physiological processes rely on the regulation of total mRNA levels in a cell. (pnas.org)
  • Each of these phases is marked by a distinct set of physiological processes. (sciencemag.org)
  • Evidence from grafting experiments and chemical treatments to break winter rest, and studies of genetic variability indicate that the processes and phenomena of dormancy are at least partially independent of each other. (sciencemag.org)
  • Michigan State University plant scientist Beronda Montgomery seeks the key to unlock the processes by which stem growth is stimulated at the expense of seed, flower and leaf production. (phys.org)
  • Plants are adept at using sunlight to determine the time of year and even time of day, she said, using phytochromes to trigger growth, flowering time and other life processes. (phys.org)
  • Photosynthesis is one the first processes inhibited under the changing environment leading to reduction of growth and productivity of plants. (novapublishers.com)
  • This transition precedes flowering, and is characterized by changes in shoot architecture and patterns of cellular differentiation, by an increase in reproductive competence, and by changes in a variety of physiological processes. (upenn.edu)
  • NMT is used for research in many biological areas such as gene function, plant physiology, biomedical research, and environmental science. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sourindra Mohan Sircar was a botanist specializing in plant physiology and anatomy. (wikipedia.org)
  • He founded the school of Plant Physiology, which has made significant contributions to plant science research and teaching in India. (wikipedia.org)
  • His research interests have centred primarily on plant-parasitic nematodes, especially focusing on nematode hatching, sensory perception, behaviour and survival physiology, and several of his past PhD and post-doctoral students are currently involved in nematology research. (nhbs.com)
  • He co-edited ' The Physiology and Biochemistry of Free-living and Plant-parasitic Nematodes ' (1997) and the text book ' Plant Nematology ' (2006). (nhbs.com)
  • [4] According to the classes of organisms , the field can be divided into medical physiology , animal physiology , plant physiology , cell physiology , and comparative physiology . (wikipedia.org)
  • Plant physiology is a subdiscipline of botany concerned with the functioning of plants. (wikipedia.org)
  • Absorption of water by roots, production of food in the leaves, and growth of shoots towards light are examples of plant physiology. (wikipedia.org)
  • books.google.com - O. L. LANGE, P. S. NOBEL, C. B. OSMOND, and H. ZIEGLER In the original series of the Encyclopedia of Plant Physiology, plant water relations and photosynthesis were treated separately, and the connection between phenomena was only considered in special chapters. (google.com)
  • Until recently, there has also been a tendency to cover these aspects of plant physiology separately in most text books. (google.com)
  • Accordingly, this separate coverage has been maintained in the New Series of the Encyclopedia of Plant Physiology. (google.com)
  • 2 Inner Mongolia Key Laboratory of Plant Stress Physiology and Molecular Biology, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China . (scirp.org)
  • Thus, we need a more complete understanding of the mechanisms and associated genes underlying Al tolerance if we are going to be able to develop more Al tolerant crop plants for improved cultivation on acid soils. (usda.gov)
  • Plant species exhibit considerable genotypic variation for Al tolerance, which is being exploited by researchers to identify the mechanisms that underlie this trait. (usda.gov)
  • In maize, Al tolerance is a complex phenomenon involving multiple genes and physiological mechanisms yet uncharacterized. (usda.gov)
  • The underlying molecular-genetic mechanisms of these clocks exhibit an extraordinary evolutionary conservation from cyanobacteria through plants, fruit flies, and mammals. (pnas.org)
  • Plants have developed mechanisms to deal with pathogenic attacks, while at the same time, pathogens are actively devising ways of overcoming the plant defense systems. (intechopen.com)
  • A promising system to study the mechanisms and agroecological consequences of plant-mediated interactions between herbivores is maize ( Zea mays ) and its associated pests. (plantphysiol.org)
  • The chapters provide a timely update on recent advances in this field and comprehensively summarize the current state of knowledge concerning the molecular and physiological mechanisms behind circadian and ultradian oscillations in plants, their physiological implications for growth and development and adaptive responses to a dynamic environment. (nhbs.com)
  • This question focuses on proximate factors involved in the physiological mechanisms associated with masting. (springer.com)
  • The Relationship Between Physiological Mechanisms and the Self-Perception of Vocal Effort. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Plants, however, have developed sophisticated mechanisms to mitigate the effect of ROS. (csir.co.za)
  • Photosynthesis is a complex phenomenon, involving both physical and biochemical mechanisms. (quae.com)
  • Plants have sensing mechanisms which are employed to monitor their environment for optimal growth. (soton.ac.uk)
  • [ citation needed ] Various mechanisms have been proposed to explain these, [11] and there may be several mechanisms underlying the differing phenomena observed. (wikipedia.org)
  • In their habitats, plants and animals respond to the places where they live by employing discrete physiological mechanisms. (clearingmagazine.org)
  • the nature of these mechanisms may determine how far from a stream a plant may live. (clearingmagazine.org)
  • The sum of the employment of these plant (and animal and microbial) physiological mechanisms generates the ecosystemical phenomena we see before us. (clearingmagazine.org)
  • Later research followed in eliciting physiological defense mechanisms in root infection. (apsnet.org)
  • Plant pathologists have been advancing their studies from morphological and physiological to now molecular studies at the gene l. (intechopen.com)
  • The ability to monitor the intensity, quality, and direction of incident light enables plants to modulate a number of physiological responses, including seed germination, shoot architecture, and the onset of flowering. (plantphysiol.org)
  • In contrast, we do not understand well even basic physiological behavior in these organisms. (frontiersin.org)
  • Most organisms have circadian systems that synchronize physiological events to the external 24-h cycle ( 2 ). (pnas.org)
  • The aim has not been an all-embracing survey of experimental facts on the subject, but rather to emphasize the physiological kinship of phenomena having a wide variety of names, and to show thereby the great extent to which the physio- logical clock influences quite different phenomena in the "behaviour" of uni- cellular organisms, of higher plants, of animals, and of human beings. (springer.com)
  • Although homologous trans-allelic interactions are quite abundant in various organisms such as Drosophila, plants, and fungi, they have not been widely reported in mammals. (pnas.org)
  • While additional research needs to be performed to understand the phenomena, Hu notes that natural organisms such as microbes, plants and animals obtain energy from oxidation of the same organic chemicals at their physiological, or body, temperatures. (nanotech-now.com)
  • Plant pathology deals mainly with biotic phenomena that interfere with the normal metabolism of plants. (intechopen.com)
  • Oct 2016 Metabolomics has developed into a valuable tool for advancing our understanding of plant metabolism. (csir.co.za)
  • To study the respiration and metabolism of plants. (reviewsic.com)
  • A broader model for C 4 photosynthesis evolution in plants inferred from the goosefoot family (Chenopodiaceae s.s. (google.com)
  • photosynthesis is the physiological skill they all have in common. (eppendorf.com)
  • Bacterial photosynthesis is an ancient phenomenon and widely spread throughout the environment. (eppendorf.com)
  • Midday depression of photosynthesis was observed in wild C. faberi plants around 13:00 in both spring and winter. (intechopen.com)
  • A glimpse of exchanges between plants and atmosphere also helps in understanding the role played by environmental factors in photosynthesis. (quae.com)
  • Red light fuels photosynthesis to create energy, but tends to be absorbed by the leaves of nearby plants. (phys.org)
  • Plants' vegetative and reproductive stages are intensively influenced by drought stress. (hindawi.com)
  • This research should help us identify novel Al tolerance genes, and in turn, the discovery of Al tolerance genes will open up new avenues whereby plant breeders and biotechnologists can use this information to improve the acid tolerance of many crop species. (usda.gov)
  • These photoreceptors control numerous functions throughout the life of the plant, including whether seeds germinate, how rapidly cells expand and divide, which genes are expressed, what shape and form a plant will take, and when the organism will flower and produce new seeds. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The developments of both pupae and adults were severely affected upon their transfer to Arabidopsis thaliana , but this might be independent of the cross-kingdom regulation of the three plant-derived miRNAs on their target genes in P. xylostella , based on expression analysis. (mdpi.com)
  • Genes in the SQUAMOSA promoter-binding protein (SBP-box) gene family encode SBP proteins, which perform a variety of regulatory functions that are involved in leaf development, vegetative phase change, flower and fruit development, plant architecture, sporogenesis, gibberellic acid signaling, and toxin response [ 4 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • We will then argue that this platform of work provides a great resource for Myrtaceae, as well as other plants, to identify candidate genes that control flux through the biosynthetic pathways and how this will inform further studies into the ecological implications of quantitative variation of terpenes. (jspcmb.jp)
  • If you have genes lighting up and going dark in unpredictable ways, the functions of a plant or a body can change randomly. (scienceblogs.com)
  • A comparison to transcriptional data of M. oryzae undergoing the same physiological stresses indicates that sRNAs play a role in transcriptional regulation for a small subset of genes. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Thus the development of techniques to investigate the mechanical properties of plant tissue at the cellular level is key to understanding growth and morphogenesis. (nih.gov)
  • Laryngostroboscopic Exploration of Rough Vocal Effects in Singing and their Statistical Recognizability: An Anatomical and Physiological Description and Visual Recognizability Study of Distortion, Growl, Rattle, and Grunt using laryngostroboscopic Imaging and Panel Assessment. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Next, students examine anatomical and physiological features of plants and animals. (southalabama.edu)
  • Larbi A, Vázquez S, El-Jendoubi H, Msallem M, Abadía J, Abadía A, Morales F. Canopy light heterogeneity drives leaf anatomical, eco-physiological, and photosynthetic changes in olive trees grown in a high-density plantation. (csic.es)
  • Digital imaging of the Adh/GFP plants exposed to each of the exogenous stresses demonstrated that the stress-induced gene expression could be followed in real time. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Drought is one of the most common environmental stresses that affect growth and development of plants. (hindawi.com)
  • Oxidative stress is a physiological state associated with almost all biotic and abiotic stresses in plants. (csir.co.za)
  • Piriformospora indica is known as a fungus that can easily colonize a wide range of plants and enhance host's growth and tolerance to abiotic stresses, including salinity. (edu.au)
  • SQUAMOSA promoter-binding proteins (SBP) perform a variety of regulatory functions in leaf, flower, and fruit development, plant architecture, and sporogenesis. (hindawi.com)
  • Several approaches have been used to identify plant MT-binding proteins. (mcponline.org)
  • These have included biochemical purification methods, mutant screens, and the identification of plant homologs to animal MT-binding proteins using antibody cross-reactivity and sequence database mining ( 7 - 10 ). (mcponline.org)
  • One of the first biochemical purification approaches involved the polymerization of endogenous plant tubulin in the presence of taxol, followed by pelleting of the resulting MTs and their associated proteins. (mcponline.org)
  • The proteins at issue in the research, called phytochromes, are familiar to generations of plant biologists but only in a broad sense. (phys.org)
  • Vegetative phase change is promoted by a group of plant-specific transcription factors (SBP/SPL proteins), whose expression is repressed during the juvenile phase by the miRNAs, miR156 and miR157. (upenn.edu)
  • This includes the widespread phenomenon of organic acid excretion. (frontiersin.org)
  • Mast seeding, the synchronous intermittent production of large seed crops in populations of perennial plants, is a widespread and widely studied phenomenon. (springer.com)
  • The most widespread root infections in plants were probably those caused by vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizae. (apsnet.org)
  • Three principle families of photoreceptors have been identified for light perception in higher plant tissues, the red/far-red (R/FR) light-absorbing phytochromes (PHY) and the UV-A/blue light (B)-absorbing cryptochromes and phototropins (for review, see Quail, 2002 ). (plantphysiol.org)
  • The physiological and pathological significance of the two signal systems in a variety of cells and tissues as well as in pancreatic β-cells has recently been recognized. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • However, the strength of fluorescence was insufficient for macro level observations of tissues or of the whole plant, and the fluorescent flowers that have been generated so far needed high-sensitive imaging equipment for the observation. (jspcmb.jp)
  • We describe a recently developed method to measure mechanical properties of the surfaces of plant tissues using atomic force microscopy (AFM) micro/nano-indentations, for a JPK AFM. (jove.com)
  • Salmonella does not induce symptoms on contaminated tomato plants and fruits (Figure 1 A & B) even if the Salmonella population in tissues can reach up to 10 7 CFU per fruit (Figure 1C). (osu.edu)
  • Pictures of asymptomatic tomato plant tissues contaminated with Salmonella. (osu.edu)
  • Once in close contact with the plant tissues, Salmonella can survive on the surface of the plant for several weeks in the phyllosphere and up to months in the rhizosphere depending on the environmental conditions, diversity of the plant associated organism, management practices, and nutriments available. (osu.edu)
  • 41. Physiological botany is that department which relates to the vital action of the several organs and tissues, including both the vital and chemical phenomena in the germination , growth, and reproduction of plants. (chestofbooks.com)
  • CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "Plant molecular biology in India - The beginnings" (PDF). (wikipedia.org)
  • An assistant professor of biochemistry and molecular biology with the Plant Research Laboratory at MSU, Montgomery in July landed a four-year, $765,249 National Science Foundation grant funded under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 to study that process. (phys.org)
  • Professor Montgomery has taken an innovative approach to studying how plants adjust as light conditions change," said Thomas Sharkey, a fellow plant researcher and chairman of the Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology . (phys.org)
  • In addition, most plantings don't include a study of the site's biology or soils up front, nor do they provide for longitudinal monitoring after the planting is completed. (clearingmagazine.org)
  • Remote sensing of gene expression in Planta: transgenic plants as monitors of exogenous stress perception in extraterrestrial environments. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Much of this work has been done in transgenic plants, so our understanding at a molecular level is strong. (jspcmb.jp)
  • The fluorescent flowers could be used for ornamental purposes as well as for the analysis of fluorescent transgenic plants spatiotemporally in a nondestructive manner. (jspcmb.jp)
  • expansin gene OsEXPA8 in rice growth and development by generating transgenic plants. (jove.com)
  • Among the most striking examples are the strong indirect interactions between spatially separated leaf- and root-feeding insects sharing a host plant. (plantphysiol.org)
  • D. virgifera strongly avoided leaf-infested plants by recognizing systemic changes in soluble root components. (plantphysiol.org)
  • Roots of leaf-infested plants showed altered patterns in soluble free and soluble conjugated phenolic acids. (plantphysiol.org)
  • Furthermore, bioactivity-guided fractionation revealed a direct link between the avoidance response of D. virgifera and changes in soluble conjugated phenolic acids in the roots of leaf-attacked plants. (plantphysiol.org)
  • Our study provides a physiological mechanism for a behavioral pattern that explains the negative effect of leaf attack on a root-feeding insect. (plantphysiol.org)
  • Among the most striking examples of indirect plant-mediated interactions is the interplay between root- and leaf-feeding insects ( Blossey and Hunt-Joshi, 2003 ). (plantphysiol.org)
  • Despite their nonoverlapping feeding niches, leaf and root herbivores determine each other's performance through shared host plants ( Bezemer and van Dam, 2005 ). (plantphysiol.org)
  • Understanding why root feeders perform worse on leaf-infested plants would allow for more detailed investigations regarding the adaptive and evolutionary context of the phenomenon, and may allow for its exploitation in agriculture (for instance, by triggering root resistance through targeted leaf treatments). (plantphysiol.org)
  • Overexpression of OsEXPA8 in rice plants yielded pleiotropic phenotypes of improved root system architecture (longer primary roots, more lateral roots and root hairs), increased plant height, enhanced leaf number and enlarged leaf size. (jove.com)
  • Further study indicated that the average cell length in both leaf and root vascular bundles was enhanced, and the cell growth in suspension cultures was increased, which revealed the cellular basis for OsEXPA8-mediated rice plant growth acceleration. (jove.com)
  • Early dormancy involves a number of phenomena: cessation of active growth, formation of terminal buds, formation of abscission layers in leaves, development of cold resistance, development of winter rest (a chilling requirement), and leaf fall. (sciencemag.org)
  • They then grew them in controlled-environment chambers maintained at atmospheric CO2 concentrations of 350 and 700 ppm, after which they determined the effects of the doubled CO2 concentration on leaf quality and allowed the larvae of the Common Blue Butterfly to feed upon the plants' leaves. (scienceandpublicpolicy.org)
  • A falling leaf often catches a poet's eye, but scientists also wonder about the phenomenon that causes leaves to fall, or abscission in plants. (phys.org)
  • This hypothesis has been veried within a three-year eld study, where zinc fertilizer was applied to maize plants at the 5th leaf stage. (scribd.com)
  • This physiological stage was termed "interfronoce," Interfronoce could not be reliably predicted from visual growth phenomena such as leaf coloration, leaf fall, and terminal bud formation. (oregonstate.edu)
  • Drought is one of the most important phenomena which limit crops' production and yield. (hindawi.com)
  • Many tropical or subtropical plant species, including a large number of crops such as tomato, rice, cotton, cucumber, and maize, are susceptible to chilling injury, and substantial losses in productivity result from the inability of such crops to withstand cold stress. (plantcell.org)
  • As the demand for food is expected to increase twofold by 2030, the efforts by plant scientists are necessary to improve the yield of food crops for sustainable development. (novapublishers.com)
  • The improvements in yield of crops can be attained by the protection of photosynthetic apparatus in the current changing environment, where degradation of soil, air and water quality has posed challenges to photosynthetic potential of plants. (novapublishers.com)
  • The past decades have seen a rapid increase in the understanding of plant morphogenesis at the molecular-genetic level. (nih.gov)
  • Physiological and genetic evidence implicates this protein in an early step in the signal-transduction pathway for phototropism ( 1 , 2 ). (sciencemag.org)
  • There is a wide range of genetic variation within and between species in response to photoperiod, winter chilling, water nutrients, and other environmental factors which affect the dormancy condition of plants. (sciencemag.org)
  • Stomata are natural openings in the plant epidermis responsible for gas exchange between plant interior and environment. (jove.com)
  • Collectively, the results indicated that the beneficial effects of inoculation on plant performance under saline conditions were mainly attributed to the improved stomata operation associated with higher rate of K delivery into the shoots. (edu.au)
  • Core study involves plant and animal ecology and natural history, field methods and study design, and conservation and management of ecosystems and natural resources. (losrios.edu)
  • Transgenic arabidopsis plants containing the alcohol dehydrogenase (Adh) gene promoter fused to the green fluorescent protein (GFP) reporter gene were developed as biological sensors for monitoring physiological responses to unique environments. (biomedsearch.com)
  • The experimental results established the feasibility of using a digital monitoring system for collecting gene expression data in real time from Transgenic Arabidopsis Gene Expression System (TAGES) biosensor plants during space exploration experiments. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Downregulation of ALA1 in Arabidopsis results in cold-affected plants that are much smaller than those of the wild type. (plantcell.org)
  • They will use Arabidopsis thaliana - common mustard weed - as a plant model. (phys.org)
  • The first plant to have its genome sequenced, Arabidopsis has become the botanical equivalent of the lab mouse in that discoveries it helps produce can be applied across many other species. (phys.org)
  • The physiological and molecular basis for Al tolerance is still poorly understood. (usda.gov)
  • however, its physiological mechanism is still poorly understood. (springer.com)
  • The mechanistic basis behind this phenomenon remains poorly understood. (edu.au)
  • This review paper has concentrated on the study of water limitation and its effects on morphological, physiological, biochemical, and molecular responses of wheat with the possible losses caused by drought stress. (hindawi.com)
  • Adaption of plants to drought stress is a vital issue to develop new improve methods for increasing stress tolerant plants [ 4 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Several physiological studies have been completed on the impact of drought stress on wheat. (hindawi.com)
  • Na+ ratio as opposed to being merely a symptom of plant damage by stress. (edu.au)
  • To this end, we have characterized sRNAs under different physiological stress conditions, which had not yet been examined in this fungus. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The results showed that inoculated plants had higher biomass, higher stomatal conductance, lower K+ efflux from roots and higher potassium content in shoots than non-inoculated plants under salt stress. (edu.au)
  • The focus of this ERC Starting Grant will be the application of classical microbiological, physiological and real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based assays, to qualitatively and quantitatively characterize microbial communities underpinning novel and innovative, low-temperature, anaerobic waste (and other biomass) conversion technologies, including municipal wastewater treatment and, demonstration- and full-scale biorefinery applications. (europa.eu)
  • Rhythms in Plant Life. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Written by a diverse group of leading researchers, Rhythms in Plants will spark the interest of readers from many branches of science: from physicists and chemists wishing to learn about the multi-faceted rhythms in plants, to biologists and ecologists involved in the state-of-the-art modelling of complex rhythmic phenomena. (nhbs.com)
  • To respond to these problems we made major changes to the organization of nutritional phenomena for the 2016 Medical Subject Headings. (nih.gov)
  • Jul 2016 Exogenous application of synthetic and natural elicitors of plant defence has been shown to result in mass production of secondary metabolites with nutraceuticals properties in cultured cells. (csir.co.za)
  • Aug 2016 Plants from the Momordica genus, Curcubitaceae, are used for several purposes, especially for their nutritional and medicinal properties. (csir.co.za)
  • Mar 2016 Bidens pilosa is a medicinal plant used for the treatment of several physiological illnesses. (csir.co.za)
  • Next, we describe the physiological and pathological roles of the CD38-cyclic ADP-ribose (cADPR) signal system in insulin secretion and the regenerating gene protein (Reg)-Reg receptor system for β-cell regeneration, the elucidations for both of which were developed on the basis of the Okamoto model. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • [5] Physiological state is the condition of normal function, while pathological state refers to abnormal conditions, including human diseases . (wikipedia.org)
  • This work is revealing that the control of body and organ size does not reside in any specific cellular or molecular mechanism but that it is a systems property in which cellular, physiological and environmental signals all contribute in inextricable ways to produce the final phenotype. (duke.edu)
  • PHY regulate two principle adaptive phenomena in light-grown plants. (plantphysiol.org)
  • This second edition of a well-received book focuses on rhythmic behaviour in plants, which regulates all developmental and adaptive responses and can thus be regarded as quintessential to life itself. (nhbs.com)
  • As phytoalexins serve an obvious function in plant defense, they are known as specialized metabolites, substances with a specific biological role that function during specific circumstances. (jspcmb.jp)
  • Elevated concentrations of CO 2 sources induce R.S. spores to develop directly into resistant-sporangial plants instead of gametophytes. (springer.com)
  • Preliminary data showed that stems and roots of plants unharmed by defoliation were less hydrated and contained higher concentrations of soluble carbohydrates than less mature plants which were damaged. (oregonstate.edu)
  • 2,000 years) at three different tree senescent levels (healthy, sub-healthy and senescent) at the world's largest planted pure forest in the Mausoleum of Yellow Emperor, Shaanxi Province, China. (peerj.com)
  • The efficient perception, interpretation, and transduction of such signals allow plants to synchronize their development with seasonal changes and to minimize the adverse effects of environmental perturbations. (plantphysiol.org)
  • Natural separation of leaves, flowers and fruits from plants, generally associated with deterioration of a specialized layer of thin-walled cells. (fao.org)
  • To our knowledge, these results are the first demonstration in a physiological context that insulin signaling through Akt controls a specific cell division program and leads to the physiologic generation of binucleated tetraploid liver cells. (jci.org)
  • however maintaining favorable environmental conditions for both plant epidermal peels and bacterial cells has been challenging. (jove.com)
  • I myself focused on physiological phenomena such as migration of endothelial cells, lack of oxygen, inflammation and inadequate lymphatic vessel function," Mr Jensen said. (liu.se)
  • [1] Short-lived electrical events called action potentials occur in several types of animal cells which are called excitable cells, a category of cell include neurons, muscle cells, and endocrine cells, as well as in some plant cells. (wikipedia.org)
  • To our question: we can query our restoration plant species about the suitability of the soils we expect that they will be planted in by asking questions of their cells. (clearingmagazine.org)
  • Plant leaves with homogenous population of cells are the ideal sources for cell culture. (reviewsic.com)
  • The term 'plant tissue culture' is normally used as a 'blanket' term to cover the cultivation of all plant parts whether a single cell, a group of cells or an organ on an artificial medium. (reviewsic.com)
  • Plant protoplasts (i.e., cells devoid of cell walls) are also used in the laboratory for culture. (reviewsic.com)
  • It was hypothesized that osmotic potential of cells and the ionic status of cytoplasm were considerably different in interfronoce vs. pre-interfronoce plants, and that these differences could be used to predict interfronoce. (oregonstate.edu)
  • Phytochrome-mediated perception of the ratio of red to far-red wavelengths in the ambient light environment is fundamental to plant growth and development. (plantphysiol.org)
  • Phytochromes regulate many aspects of plant growth and development by measuring the duration, intensity, and wavelengths of light. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The whole regeneration process, starting from explant preparation to complete plant development, took 12-13 weeks. (jspcmb.jp)
  • It is the key phenomenon that augments plant growth and development under all conditions and is considered as the ultimate source of life for all plant and human life. (novapublishers.com)
  • Ian Sussex: simple tools, clever experiments and new insights into plant development. (upenn.edu)
  • The purpose of this study was to identify and characterize the physiological stage of development at which leaves can be removed from deciduous trees without adversely affecting survival and regrowth. (oregonstate.edu)
  • Indirect plant-mediated interactions between herbivores are important drivers of community composition in terrestrial ecosystems. (plantphysiol.org)
  • Homeostasis is a major aspect with regard to such interactions within plants as well as animals. (wikipedia.org)
  • It provides an in-depth understanding of allelopathy-the mysterious, complex biochemical interactions among plants and microbes. (schweitzer-online.de)
  • Biochemical interactions between plant-herbivore- parasitoid. (biology-online.org)
  • This phenomenon occurs due to imbalances which result from the overproduction of reactive oxygen species (ROS). (csir.co.za)
  • The pattern of fruits and seeds set in some plant species often decreases from base to apex of the inflorescence [19,22] and this pattern is often attributed to competition of developing fruits for nutritional resources [30,19]. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • 43. Descriptive botany, or phytology, is the art of expressing the distinctive characters of species and groups of plants with accuracy and precision, in order to their complete recognition. (chestofbooks.com)
  • This work stimulated considerable work with Fusarium species as pathogens of plants, as well as in work on mycotoxicology in the veterinary and medical sciences. (apsnet.org)
  • Fusarium species are parasites or pathogens on nearly all plants, including trees, in all parts of the world, and produce mycotoxins making some plant products hazardous to animals and humans. (apsnet.org)
  • Postprandial relative to preprandial drinking increased in all four species, indicating that eating increases the physiological requirement for water. (biologists.org)
  • Plant immunity triggered by engineered in vivo release of oligogalacturonides, damage-associated molecular patterns. (harvard.edu)
  • During the test, further changes can be introduced like a stressor or other abiotic stimulus, and the flux patterns will change on-screen to show the physiological changes. (wikipedia.org)
  • The robustness of plant-pollinator assemblages: linking plant interaction patterns and sensitivity to pollinator loss. (umassmed.edu)
  • Markedly greater shifts in climatic patterns are projected for the coming decades in many regions, including much warmer temperatures and altered precipitation patterns that drive the availability of water to plants. (fao.org)
  • This project aims to use sensors to monitor physiological signals, sleep patterns, vocal characteristics, activity, location and phone usage in study patients with depression who are recei. (bioportfolio.com)
  • In addition to its role as an energy source, light signals serve to provide plants with information about the surrounding environment. (plantphysiol.org)
  • Lastly, curve fitting coefficients were explored for classification of stimuli by fitting four different curves to raw plant electrical signals. (soton.ac.uk)
  • 39 A. Physical and physiological basis. (psu.edu)
  • Inflammation is a complex event linked to tissue damage whether by bacteria, physical trauma, chemical, heat or any other phenomenon. (mdpi.com)
  • Ultradian Growth Oscillations in Organs: Physiological Signal or Noise? (nhbs.com)
  • Trichomes can be found on the surfaces of the leaves, stems, and other organs of many angiosperm plants. (jspcmb.jp)
  • Flavonoids, including anthocyanins, are widely distributed in the plant kingdom and are found in almost all plant organs. (jspcmb.jp)
  • A tulip is composed of organs which may be separated and subdivided indefinitely, but no one of the fragments alone will be a complete plant. (chestofbooks.com)
  • 39. Structural botany, or Organography, treats of the special organs of plants as compared with each other, answering to Comparative Anatomy in the science of Zoology. (chestofbooks.com)
  • Terminology relates to the explanation and application of botanical terms whereby the organs of plants, with their numerous modifications, are accurately designated. (chestofbooks.com)
  • These biohybrid bacteria may remove CO 2 from power plant exhausts or from the air to produce useful chemicals. (eppendorf.com)
  • He graduated with a BSc (Hons) in Zoology from the Newcastle University, UK, where he also obtained a PhD in Zoology on physiological aspects of desiccation survival of Ditylenchus spp. (nhbs.com)
  • The descriptors "Diet" and "Nutritional Physiological Phenomena" along with their child descriptors were moved there. (nih.gov)
  • Specific plant and chemical headings were removed from underneath "Food and Beverages" because many of the citations indexed with them were not about food or nutritional topics. (nih.gov)
  • majority of these were broadly related to the nutritional or physiological phenomenon in plants. (scialert.net)
  • It was recently documented that zinc foliar application is a simple way for making quick correction of plant nutritional status, as reported for wheat (Erenoglu et al. (scribd.com)
  • This sensing mechanism can be observed by the change in behaviour in plants like Mimosa pudica (Touch Me Not) which closes its leaves when touched or Dionaea muscipula (Venus Flytrap) which closes its trap when an insect gets in it. (soton.ac.uk)
  • Michigan State University researcher Beronda Montgomery is probing the mechanism by which plants sense their neighbors' encroachment and signal the stem to grow taller. (phys.org)
  • Non-toxic combinations of chemical substances from plants may be the key to stopping untreatable and recurring cancer illnesses. (liu.se)
  • 180 researchers from 22 countries took up a challenge from "Getting to Know Cancer", a Canadian organisation: a detailed analysis of studies about the effects of plant substances. (liu.se)
  • The team identified more than 100 plant-based substances that showed an effect on the selected targets. (liu.se)
  • This very likely is not needed with plant-based substances, where the margin between the effective dose and the harmful dose is often greater," Mr Jensen said. (liu.se)
  • He himself would like to test combinations of several plant substances and regular chemotherapy. (liu.se)
  • Plants were monitored in vivo during exposure to hypoxia, high salt, cold, and abcissic acid in experiments designed to characterize the utility and responses of the Adh/GFP biosensors. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Plant adaptation to low atmospheric pressures: potential molecular responses. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Such monitoring enables plants to detect neighboring vegetation and initiate avoidance responses, thus conferring considerable selective advantage. (plantphysiol.org)
  • The shade avoidance syndrome in plants is characterized by elongation growth and early flowering, responses that are fully induced by end-of-day far-red light treatments. (plantphysiol.org)
  • Neighbor detection initiates shade avoidance responses, enabling plants to compete for light. (plantphysiol.org)
  • The roles of individual PHY in regulating these responses have been largely inferred from studies of mutant plants. (plantphysiol.org)
  • Most plants have more than one gene coding for different phytochromes, and these different products of the phytochrome gene family frequently control different responses to the light environment. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Highlighting parallels and contrasts between parasitic and free-living nematode groups, this book integrates strategies that enable nematodes to persist in the absence of food with tactics used by parasitic forms to survive the defence responses of a plant or animal host. (nhbs.com)
  • Since honey bee colonies are available as insect pollinators with the prevalence of hot dry conditions generally each year, the plant factor may interfere with fruit and seed set but have not been evaluated. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • The growth, medicinal components and nutrient contents of the plant are closely associated with endophytes, especially endophytic fungi. (scirp.org)
  • It is reported that many medicinal components or the nutrient content of plants are closely associated with endophytes, especially endophytic fungi [4]. (scirp.org)
  • Furthermore, five alkaloids have been isolated from purslane [15], which are the active ingredients of many medicinal plants. (scirp.org)
  • It is a medicinal plant whose rhizomes, generally rich in terpenoids, are utilized for therapeutic purposes (Nicoletti et al. (academicjournals.org)
  • The botanical name of the group of vascular flowering plants that produce seeds enclosed in an ovary. (fao.org)
  • Plants in the presence of environmental stimuli that induced the Adh promoter responded by expressing GFP, which in turn generated a detectable fluorescent signal. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Physiological measures included (a) intrinsic laryngeal tension via kinematic stiffness ratios determined from high-speed laryngoscopy, (b) extrinsic suprahyoid and infrahyoid laryngeal tension via normalized percent activations and durations derived from surface electromyography, (c) supraglottal compression via expert visual-perceptual ratings, and (d) subglottal pressure via magnitude of neck surface vibrations from an accelerometer signal. (bioportfolio.com)
  • It has been established that plants produce an electrical signal response to stimuli that is used to control various physiological phenomena within the plant. (soton.ac.uk)
  • This work explores the possibility of extracting information from the plant electrical signal response to the external stimuli which caused the plant to produce such a signal. (soton.ac.uk)
  • Initially, the plant was treated as a black box system and a simple input (light pulse as stimulus) - output (electrical signal response) system was modelled through system identification techniques. (soton.ac.uk)
  • Next, classification methods were employed to find out if there was adequate information, within the raw plant electrical signal response, about the type of stimulus applied to the plants. (soton.ac.uk)
  • More complex stimuli such as Sulphuric acid, Ozone and Sodium chloride solutions were applied to the plants to find out if the plant electrical signal response could be used to classify these stimuli in a binary classification scenario. (soton.ac.uk)
  • A range of agronomic and physiological characteristics were compared between inoculated and non-inoculated maize plants under 0/100/200 mM NaCl conditions. (edu.au)
  • These data suggest a link between regulation of transmembrane bilayer lipid asymmetry and the adaptation of plants to cold. (plantcell.org)
  • Data have been accumulated using DNA-chip analysis regarding the molecular regulation of AR formation in woody plants. (biomedcentral.com)
  • A total of 39 miRNAs with typical characteristics of plant miRNAs were detected, of which 24 had read counts ≥ 2 in each library. (mdpi.com)
  • Galvani coined the term animal electricity to describe the phenomenon, while contemporaries labeled it galvanism . (wikipedia.org)
  • In this study, the plant-derived miRNAs in the hemolymph of a cruciferous specialist Plutella xylostella were identified by small RNAs sequencing. (mdpi.com)
  • Our findings provide new insights into the co-evolution of insect herbivore and host plant, and novel direction for pest control using plant-derived miRNAs. (mdpi.com)
  • Poethig, R. S. (2013) Vegetative phase change and shoot maturation in plants. (upenn.edu)
  • We studied a 120-kD plant plasma membrane-associated protein that becomes heavily phosphorylated on irradiation with blue light both in vivo and in vitro. (sciencemag.org)
  • The ability to form adventitious roots (AR) is an economically important trait that is lost during the juvenile-to-mature phase change in woody plants. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The anatomy of young roots of trifoliate orange budded with satsuma mandarin cultured hydroponically under pH 4.5-5.6, 6.0-6.3 and 7.5-7.6 were investigated to know the pH optima for this plant. (scialert.net)
  • In embryo culture, the plant develops directly from the embryo or indirectly through the formation of callus and then subsequent formation of shoots and roots. (reviewsic.com)
  • Shoots (S) and roots (R) of U. humidicola (donor plant) were collected in a pasture established for more than 25 years on Haplic Planosol in the Animal Sciences experimental area of the Federal Rural University of Rio de Janeiro (Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro, UFRRJ), located in Seropédica, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. (scirp.org)