Oils derived from plants or plant products.
CHILDBIRTH at the end of a normal duration of PREGNANCY, between 37 to 40 weeks of gestation or about 280 days from the first day of the mother's last menstrual period.
PLANTS, or their progeny, whose GENOME has been altered by GENETIC ENGINEERING.
Unctuous combustible substances that are liquid or easily liquefiable on warming, and are soluble in ether but insoluble in water. Such substances, depending on their origin, are classified as animal, mineral, or vegetable oils. Depending on their behavior on heating, they are volatile or fixed. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)
Proteins found in plants (flowers, herbs, shrubs, trees, etc.). The concept does not include proteins found in vegetables for which VEGETABLE PROTEINS is available.
Oils which evaporate readily. The volatile oils occur in aromatic plants, to which they give odor and other characteristics. Most volatile oils consist of a mixture of two or more TERPENES or of a mixture of an eleoptene (the more volatile constituent of a volatile oil) with a stearopten (the more solid constituent). The synonym essential oils refers to the essence of a plant, as its perfume or scent, and not to its indispensability.
The usually underground portions of a plant that serve as support, store food, and through which water and mineral nutrients enter the plant. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982; Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)
The functional hereditary units of PLANTS.
Oils high in unsaturated fats extracted from the bodies of fish or fish parts, especially the LIVER. Those from the liver are usually high in VITAMIN A. The oils are used as DIETARY SUPPLEMENTS. They are also used in soaps and detergents and as protective coatings.
Concentrated pharmaceutical preparations of plants obtained by removing active constituents with a suitable solvent, which is evaporated away, and adjusting the residue to a prescribed standard.
New immature growth of a plant including stem, leaves, tips of branches, and SEEDLINGS.
Plants whose roots, leaves, seeds, bark, or other constituent parts possess therapeutic, tonic, purgative, curative or other pharmacologic attributes, when administered to man or animals.
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of plants.

Toxic oil syndrome mortality: the first 13 years. (1/2037)

BACKGROUND: The toxic oil syndrome (TOS) epidemic that occurred in Spain in the spring of 1981 caused approximately 20000 cases of a new illness. Overall mortality and mortality by cause in this cohort through 1994 are described for the first time in this report. METHODS: We contacted, via mail or telephone, almost every living member of the cohort and family members of those who were known to have died in order to identify all deaths from 1 May 1981 through 31 December 1994. Cause of death data were collected from death certificates and underlying causes of death were coded using the International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision. RESULTS: We identified 1663 deaths between 1 May 1981 and 31 December 1994 among 19 754 TOS cohort members, for a crude mortality rate of 8.4%. Mortality was highest during 1981, with a standardized mortality ratio (SMR) of 4.92 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 4.39-5.50) compared with the Spanish population as a whole. The highest SMR, (20.41, 95% CI: 15.97-25.71) was seen among women aged 20-39 years during the period from 1 May 1981 through 31 December 1982. Women <40 years old, who were affected by TOS , were at greater risk for death in most time periods than their unaffected peers, while older women and men were not. Over the follow-up period, mortality of the cohort was less than expected when compared with mortality of the general Spanish population, or with mortality of the population of the 14 provinces where the epidemic occurred. We also found that, except for deaths attributed to external causes including TOS and deaths due to pulmonary hypertension, all causes of death were decreased in TOS patients compared to the Spanish population. The most frequent underlying causes of death were TOS, 350 (21.1%); circulatory disorders, 536 (32.3%); and malignancies, 310 (18.7%). CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that while on average people affected by toxic oil syndrome are not at greater risk for death over the 13-year study period than any of the comparison groups, women <40 years old were at greater risk of death.  (+info)

High-linoleate and high-alpha-linolenate diets affect learning ability and natural behavior in SAMR1 mice. (2/2037)

Semipurified diets incorporating either perilla oil [high in alpha-linolenate, 18:3(n-3)] or safflower oil [high in linoleate, 18:2(n-6)] were fed to senescence-resistant SAMR1 mouse dams and their pups. Male offspring at 15 mo were examined using behavioral tests. In the open field test, locomotor activity during a 5-min period was significantly higher in the safflower oil group than in the perilla oil group. Observations of the circadian rhythm (48 h) of spontaneous motor activity indicated that the safflower oil group was more active than the perilla oil group during the first and second dark periods. The total number of responses to positive and negative stimuli was higher in the safflower oil group than in the perilla oil group in the light and dark discrimination learning test, but the correct response ratio was lower in the safflower oil group. The difference in the (n-6)/(n-3) ratios of the diets reflected the proportions of (n-6) polyunsaturated fatty acids, rather than those of (n-3) polyunsaturated fatty acids in the brain total fatty acids, and in the proportions of (n-6) and (n-3) polyunsaturated fatty acids in the total polyunsaturated fatty acids of the brain phospholipids. These results suggest that in SAMR1 mice, the dietary alpha-linolenate/linoleate balance affects the (n-6)/(n-3) ratio of brain phospholipids, and this may modify emotional reactivity and learning ability.  (+info)

C-fiber depletion alters response properties of neurons in trigeminal nucleus principalis. (3/2037)

The effects of C-fiber depletion induced by neonatal capsaicin treatment on the functional properties of vibrissa-sensitive low-threshold mechanoreceptive (LTM) neurons in the rat trigeminal nucleus principalis were examined in adult rats. Neonatal rats were injected either with capsaicin or its vehicle within 48 h of birth. The depletion of unmyelinated afferents was confirmed by the significant decrease in plasma extravasation of Evan's blue dye induced in the hindlimb skin of capsaicin-treated rats by cutaneous application of mustard oil and by the significant decrease of unmyelinated fibers in both the sciatic and infraorbital nerves. The mechanoreceptive field (RF) and response properties of 31 vibrissa-sensitive neurons in capsaicin-treated rats were compared with those of 32 vibrissa-sensitive neurons in control (untreated or vehicle-treated) rats. The use of electronically controlled mechanical stimuli allowed quantitative analysis of response properties of vibrissa-sensitive neurons; these included the number of center- and surround-RF vibrissae within the RF (i.e., those vibrissae which when stimulated elicited >/=1 and <1 action potential per stimulus, respectively), the response magnitude and latency, and the selectivity of responses to stimulation of vibrissae in different directions with emphasis on combining both the response magnitude and direction of vibrissal deflection in a vector analysis. Neonatal capsaicin treatment was associated with significant increases in the total number of vibrissae, in the number of center-RF vibrissae per neuronal RF, and in the percentage of vibrissa-sensitive neurons that also responded to stimulation of other types of orofacial tissues. Compared with control rats, capsaicin-treated rats showed significant increases in the response magnitude to stimulation of surround-RF vibrissae as well as in response latency variability to stimulation of both center- and surround-RF vibrissae. C-fiber depletion also significantly altered the directional selectivity of responses to stimulation of vibrissae. For neurons with multiple center-RF vibrissae, the proportion of center-RF vibrissae with net vector responses oriented toward the same quadrant was significantly less in capsaicin-treated compared with control rats. These changes in the functional properties of principalis vibrissa-sensitive neurons associated with marked depletion of C-fiber afferents are consistent with similarly induced alterations in LTM neurons studied at other levels of the rodent somatosensory system, and indeed may contribute to alterations previously described in the somatosensory cortex of adult rodents. Furthermore, these results provide additional support to the view that C fibers may have an important role in shaping the functional properties of LTM neurons in central somatosensory pathways.  (+info)

Antioxidative and oxidative status in muscles of pigs fed rapeseed oil, vitamin E, and copper. (4/2037)

The susceptibility of a given muscle tissue to lipid oxidation may not only depend on the presence of unsaturated fatty acids and the balance between antioxidants and prooxidants, but also on the composition of the skeletal muscle. In the present study, the effects of dietary supplementation of vitamin E (dl-alpha-tocopheryl acetate) and copper in combination with a high level of monounsaturated fatty acids were examined with regard to the antioxidant concentration and the susceptibility to lipid oxidation of two muscles, longissimus (LD) and psoas major (PM), representing different oxidative capacity. In addition, fatty acid profiles of the backfat and the intramuscular lipids, as well as fresh meat quality traits, were studied. Pigs were allotted to a 3x3 factorial experiment with three levels of dl-alpha-tocopheryl acetate (0, 100, and 200 mg/kg of feed) and three levels of copper (0, 35, and 175 mg/kg of feed) added to a diet containing 6% rapeseed oil. A basal diet (without rapeseed oil) was added to the experimental design, giving a total of 10 dietary treatments. Muscle alpha-tocopherol concentrations increased (P<.001) with increasing dl-alpha-tocopheryl acetate in the feed. The antioxidative status was higher in PM than in LD, when considering the concentration of alpha-tocopherol (P<.001) and the activity of antioxidant enzymes (superoxide dismutase, P<.001; glutathione peroxidase, P = .06). Supplemental copper did not give rise to any deposition of copper in muscle tissue or backfat, but the antioxidant status of PM increased. The susceptibility to lipid oxidation was reduced in LD with increasing dietary dl-alpha-tocopheryl acetate and in PM with increasing dietary copper. Supplemental dl-alpha-tocopherol acetate improved the water-holding capacity of LD (P = .005) and PM (P = .003). The fatty acid composition of the backfat and the triglyceride fraction of the intramuscular fat became more unsaturated with the addition of rapeseed oil to the feed. Higher intakes of monounsaturated fatty acids due to the rapeseed oil were also reflected in the phospholipid fraction of the intramuscular fat, but no influence on the proportion of saturated fatty acids was seen. The susceptibility to lipid oxidation of PM was lower for pigs on the rapeseed oil-based diet than for those on the basal diet. The energy metabolic status of the muscles and the accumulation of calcium by the sarcoplasmic reticulum were not influenced by the dietary treatments, but there were differences between muscle types. The addition of rapeseed oil to the diet reduced the muscular content of glycogen (LD, P = .02; PM, P = .06) and elevated the plasma concentration of free fatty acids (P = .05). Overall, dietary fat, dl-alpha-tocopherol acetate, and copper affected the oxidative status of pig muscles, and the results differed depending on muscle type.  (+info)

Dietary fish oils inhibit early events in the assembly of very low density lipoproteins and target apoB for degradation within the rough endoplasmic reticulum of hamster hepatocytes. (5/2037)

Dietary fish oils inhibited secretion and stimulated intracellular degradation of apolipoprotein (apo)B in hamster hepatocytes, while dietary sunflower oils stimulated secretion and had no effect on degradation of apoB. To investigate the intracellular site at which fish oils act, we have made use of our previous observations that inhibition of degradation by N-acetyl-leucyl-leucyl-norleucinal (ALLN) results in accumulation of apoB in the trans -Golgi membrane and does not stimulate secretion, while inhibition of degradation by o-phenanthroline results in accumulation of apoB in the rough endoplasmic reticulum membrane and stimulates secretion. Thus, ALLN protects apoB which has been diverted from secretion and o -phenanthroline protects apoB which is targetted for secretion. Addition of o -phenantholine to the incubation medium of hepatocytes from fish oil-fed hamsters inhibited degradation of apoB and stimulated its secretion in particles of the density of VLDL, while addition of ALLN had no effect. These observations suggest that dietary fish oils reversibly inhibit early steps in the assembly of very low density lipoprotein precursors and target apoB for degradation in the rough endoplasmic reticulum.  (+info)

Effects of 2 low-fat stanol ester-containing margarines on serum cholesterol concentrations as part of a low-fat diet in hypercholesterolemic subjects. (6/2037)

BACKGROUND: Full-fat sitostanol ester-containing margarine reduces serum total and LDL cholesterol, but the effect of plant stanol ester-containing margarine as part of a low-fat, low-cholesterol diet has not been studied. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the cholesterol-lowering effects of 2 novel, low-fat stanol ester-containing margarines as part of a low-fat diet recommended for hypercholesterolemic subjects. DESIGN: In a parallel, double-blind study, 55 hypercholesterolemic subjects were randomly assigned after a 4-wk high-fat diet (baseline) to 3 low-fat margarine groups: wood stanol ester-containing margarine (WSEM), vegetable oil stanol ester-containing margarine (VOSEM), and control margarine (no stanol esters). The groups consumed the margarines for 8 wk as part of a diet resembling that of the National Cholesterol Education Program's Step II diet. The daily mean total stanol intake was 2.31 and 2.16 g in the WSEM and VOSEM groups, respectively. RESULTS: During the experimental period, the reduction in serum total cholesterol was 10.6% (P < 0.001) and 8.1% (P < 0.05) greater and in LDL cholesterol was 13.7% (P < 0.01) and 8.6% (P = 0.072) greater in the WSEM and VOSEM groups, respectively, than in the control group. Serum campesterol concentrations decreased 34.5% and 41.3% (P < 0.001) in the WSEM and VOSEM groups, respectively. Serum HDL cholesterol, sitostanol, campestanol, beta-carotene, and fat-soluble vitamin concentrations did not change significantly from baseline. CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that the low-fat, plant stanol ester-containing margarines are effective cholesterol-lowering products in hypercholesterolemic subjects when used as part of a low-fat, low-cholesterol diet. They offer an additional, clinically significant reduction in serum cholesterol concentrations to that obtained with a low-fat diet alone.  (+info)

Effects of LY295427, a low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor up-regulator, on LDL receptor gene transcription and cholesterol metabolism in normal and hypercholesterolemic hamsters. (7/2037)

The action of LY295427 [(3alpha,4alpha, 5alpha)-4-(2-propenylcholestan-3-ol)], a compound that derepresses low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDL-R) expression in a cell-based model, was examined in hamsters. It was found that the compound does not have an effect in normal chow-fed hamsters, in which LDL-R levels are not repressed, but exerts a marked hypocholesterolemic effect (>70% decrease) in cholesterol-coconut oil-fed hamsters, in which LDL-R is repressed. In this model, there is a dose-response for cholesterol lowering with an approximate ED50 value of 40 mg/kg/day and an inverse relationship between serum cholesterol and serum LY295427 levels. LDL-R mRNA is increased (2-fold) and liver cholesterol ester content is decreased (>90%). Unlike the 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutarylcoenzyme A reductase inhibitor lovastatin, the decreased serum cholesterol is confined to the non-high-density lipoprotein fraction. Furthermore, LY295427 does not affect cholesterol biosynthesis, and it does not have a significant effect on cholesterol absorption. These data suggest that LY295427 acts in the hypercholesterolemic hamster by derepressing LDL-R transcription, thereby enhancing cholesterol clearance from the blood. The results with LY295427 suggest that compounds that act to increase LDL-R may represent a novel approach in the pharmacotherapy for hypercholesterolemia.  (+info)

The Pex16p homolog SSE1 and storage organelle formation in Arabidopsis seeds. (8/2037)

Mature Arabidopsis seeds are enriched in storage proteins and lipids, but lack starch. In the shrunken seed 1 (sse1) mutant, however, starch is favored over proteins and lipids as the major storage compound. SSE1 has 26 percent identity with Pex16p in Yarrowia lipolytica and complements pex16 mutants defective in the formation of peroxisomes and the transportation of plasma membrane- and cell wall-associated proteins. In Arabidopsis maturing seeds, SSE1 is required for protein and oil body biogenesis, both of which are endoplasmic reticulum-dependent. Starch accumulation in sse1 suggests that starch formation is a default storage deposition pathway.  (+info)

Medical definitions generally do not include plant oils as a specific term. However, in a biological or biochemical context, plant oils, also known as vegetable oils, are defined as lipid extracts derived from various parts of plants such as seeds, fruits, and leaves. They mainly consist of triglycerides, which are esters of glycerol and three fatty acids. The composition of fatty acids can vary between different plant sources, leading to a range of physical and chemical properties that make plant oils useful for various applications in the pharmaceutical, cosmetic, and food industries. Some common examples of plant oils include olive oil, coconut oil, sunflower oil, and jojoba oil.

A "term birth" is a medical term that refers to a delivery or pregnancy that has reached 37 weeks or more. It is the normal length of a full-term pregnancy and is considered a healthy and low-risk period for childbirth. Babies born at term have the best chance of being healthy and not experiencing any significant medical issues, compared to those born preterm (before 37 weeks) or postterm (after 42 weeks). The different types of term births are:

* Early Term: Between 37 weeks and 38 weeks, 6 days.
* Full Term: Between 39 weeks and 40 weeks, 6 days.
* Late Term: Between 41 weeks and 41 weeks, 6 days.
* Postterm: 42 weeks or later.

It is important to note that while a term birth is generally considered low-risk, there can still be variations in the health of babies born at different points within this range. For example, research has shown that babies born at 39 weeks have better outcomes than those born at 37 or 38 weeks. Therefore, it is always best to consult with a healthcare provider for individualized guidance and recommendations regarding pregnancy and childbirth.

Genetically modified plants (GMPs) are plants that have had their DNA altered through genetic engineering techniques to exhibit desired traits. These modifications can be made to enhance certain characteristics such as increased resistance to pests, improved tolerance to environmental stresses like drought or salinity, or enhanced nutritional content. The process often involves introducing genes from other organisms, such as bacteria or viruses, into the plant's genome. Examples of GMPs include Bt cotton, which has a gene from the bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis that makes it resistant to certain pests, and golden rice, which is engineered to contain higher levels of beta-carotene, a precursor to vitamin A. It's important to note that genetically modified plants are subject to rigorous testing and regulation to ensure their safety for human consumption and environmental impact before they are approved for commercial use.

In the context of medicine and pharmacology, oils are typically defined as lipid-based substances that are derived from plants or animals. They are made up of molecules called fatty acids, which can be either saturated or unsaturated. Oils are often used in medical treatments and therapies due to their ability to deliver active ingredients through the skin, as well as their moisturizing and soothing properties. Some oils, such as essential oils, are also used in aromatherapy for their potential therapeutic benefits. However, it's important to note that some oils can be toxic or irritating if ingested or applied to the skin in large amounts, so they should always be used with caution and under the guidance of a healthcare professional.

I believe there may be a slight misunderstanding in your question. "Plant leaves" are not a medical term, but rather a general biological term referring to a specific organ found in plants.

Leaves are organs that are typically flat and broad, and they are the primary site of photosynthesis in most plants. They are usually green due to the presence of chlorophyll, which is essential for capturing sunlight and converting it into chemical energy through photosynthesis.

While leaves do not have a direct medical definition, understanding their structure and function can be important in various medical fields, such as pharmacognosy (the study of medicinal plants) or environmental health. For example, certain plant leaves may contain bioactive compounds that have therapeutic potential, while others may produce allergens or toxins that can impact human health.

"Plant proteins" refer to the proteins that are derived from plant sources. These can include proteins from legumes such as beans, lentils, and peas, as well as proteins from grains like wheat, rice, and corn. Other sources of plant proteins include nuts, seeds, and vegetables.

Plant proteins are made up of individual amino acids, which are the building blocks of protein. While animal-based proteins typically contain all of the essential amino acids that the body needs to function properly, many plant-based proteins may be lacking in one or more of these essential amino acids. However, by consuming a variety of plant-based foods throughout the day, it is possible to get all of the essential amino acids that the body needs from plant sources alone.

Plant proteins are often lower in calories and saturated fat than animal proteins, making them a popular choice for those following a vegetarian or vegan diet, as well as those looking to maintain a healthy weight or reduce their risk of chronic diseases such as heart disease and cancer. Additionally, plant proteins have been shown to have a number of health benefits, including improving gut health, reducing inflammation, and supporting muscle growth and repair.

Volatile oils, also known as essential oils, are a type of organic compound that are naturally produced in plants. They are called "volatile" because they evaporate quickly at room temperature due to their high vapor pressure. These oils are composed of complex mixtures of various compounds, including terpenes, terpenoids, aldehydes, ketones, esters, and alcohols. They are responsible for the characteristic aroma and flavor of many plants and are often used in perfumes, flavors, and aromatherapy. In a medical context, volatile oils may have therapeutic properties and be used in certain medications or treatments, but it's important to note that they can also cause adverse reactions if not used properly.

A plant root is not a medical term per se, but it is a term from botany, which is the study of plants. However, I can certainly provide a definition for you.

Plant roots are the underground organs of a plant that typically grow downward into the soil. They serve several important functions, including:

1. Anchorage: Roots help to stabilize the plant and keep it upright in the ground.
2. Absorption: Roots absorb water and nutrients from the soil, which are essential for the plant's growth and development.
3. Conduction: Roots conduct water and nutrients up to the above-ground parts of the plant, such as the stem and leaves.
4. Vegetative reproduction: Some plants can reproduce vegetatively through their roots, producing new plants from root fragments or specialized structures called rhizomes or tubers.

Roots are composed of several different tissues, including the epidermis, cortex, endodermis, and vascular tissue. The epidermis is the outermost layer of the root, which secretes a waxy substance called suberin that helps to prevent water loss. The cortex is the middle layer of the root, which contains cells that store carbohydrates and other nutrients. The endodermis is a thin layer of cells that surrounds the vascular tissue and regulates the movement of water and solutes into and out of the root. The vascular tissue consists of xylem and phloem, which transport water and nutrients throughout the plant.

A gene in plants, like in other organisms, is a hereditary unit that carries genetic information from one generation to the next. It is a segment of DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) that contains the instructions for the development and function of an organism. Genes in plants determine various traits such as flower color, plant height, resistance to diseases, and many others. They are responsible for encoding proteins and RNA molecules that play crucial roles in the growth, development, and reproduction of plants. Plant genes can be manipulated through traditional breeding methods or genetic engineering techniques to improve crop yield, enhance disease resistance, and increase nutritional value.

Fish oils are a type of fat or lipid derived from the tissues of oily fish. They are a rich source of omega-3 fatty acids, specifically eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). These fatty acids have been associated with various health benefits such as reducing inflammation, decreasing the risk of heart disease, improving brain function, and promoting eye health. Fish oils can be consumed through diet or taken as a dietary supplement in the form of capsules or liquid. It is important to note that while fish oils have potential health benefits, they should not replace a balanced diet and medical advice should be sought before starting any supplementation.

A plant extract is a preparation containing chemical constituents that have been extracted from a plant using a solvent. The resulting extract may contain a single compound or a mixture of several compounds, depending on the extraction process and the specific plant material used. These extracts are often used in various industries including pharmaceuticals, nutraceuticals, cosmetics, and food and beverage, due to their potential therapeutic or beneficial properties. The composition of plant extracts can vary widely, and it is important to ensure their quality, safety, and efficacy before use in any application.

A medical definition for "plant shoots" may not be readily available, as the term is primarily used in botany and horticulture. However, I can provide you with a general definition:

Plant shoots refer to the above-ground portion of a plant, which typically includes structures like stems, leaves, flowers, and buds. Shoots originate from the seed or the growing tip of the plant and are responsible for photosynthesis, nutrient absorption, and reproduction. In some contexts, "plant shoots" might also refer to new growth that emerges from an existing plant, such as when a leaf or stem sprouts a new branch or flower.

Medicinal plants are defined as those plants that contain naturally occurring chemical compounds which can be used for therapeutic purposes, either directly or indirectly. These plants have been used for centuries in various traditional systems of medicine, such as Ayurveda, Chinese medicine, and Native American medicine, to prevent or treat various health conditions.

Medicinal plants contain a wide variety of bioactive compounds, including alkaloids, flavonoids, tannins, terpenes, and saponins, among others. These compounds have been found to possess various pharmacological properties, such as anti-inflammatory, analgesic, antimicrobial, antioxidant, and anticancer activities.

Medicinal plants can be used in various forms, including whole plant material, extracts, essential oils, and isolated compounds. They can be administered through different routes, such as oral, topical, or respiratory, depending on the desired therapeutic effect.

It is important to note that while medicinal plants have been used safely and effectively for centuries, they should be used with caution and under the guidance of a healthcare professional. Some medicinal plants can interact with prescription medications or have adverse effects if used inappropriately.

DNA, or deoxyribonucleic acid, is the genetic material present in the cells of all living organisms, including plants. In plants, DNA is located in the nucleus of a cell, as well as in chloroplasts and mitochondria. Plant DNA contains the instructions for the development, growth, and function of the plant, and is passed down from one generation to the next through the process of reproduction.

The structure of DNA is a double helix, formed by two strands of nucleotides that are linked together by hydrogen bonds. Each nucleotide contains a sugar molecule (deoxyribose), a phosphate group, and a nitrogenous base. There are four types of nitrogenous bases in DNA: adenine (A), guanine (G), cytosine (C), and thymine (T). Adenine pairs with thymine, and guanine pairs with cytosine, forming the rungs of the ladder that make up the double helix.

The genetic information in DNA is encoded in the sequence of these nitrogenous bases. Large sequences of bases form genes, which provide the instructions for the production of proteins. The process of gene expression involves transcribing the DNA sequence into a complementary RNA molecule, which is then translated into a protein.

Plant DNA is similar to animal DNA in many ways, but there are also some differences. For example, plant DNA contains a higher proportion of repetitive sequences and transposable elements, which are mobile genetic elements that can move around the genome and cause mutations. Additionally, plant cells have cell walls and chloroplasts, which are not present in animal cells, and these structures contain their own DNA.

... and include cooking oils like canola oil, solid oils like cocoa butter, oils used in paint like linseed oil and oils used for ... Plant oils or vegetable oils are oils derived from plant sources, as opposed to animal fats or petroleum. There are three ... squeezing out the oil. Macerated oils consist of a base oil to which parts of plants are added. Essential oils are composed of ... Pressed vegetable oils are extracted from the plant containing the oil (usually the seed), using one of two types of oil press ...
An oil production plant is distinct from an oil depot, which does not have processing facilities. Oil production plant may be ... Petroleum Oil platform Oil industry Upstream (oil industry) Chemical plant Oil refinery ISO/TC 67 Magnus Process Flow Diagrams ... An oil production plant is a facility which processes production fluids from oil wells in order to separate out key components ... Induced gas flotation plant is used when the hydrocyclone / degasser plant cannot achieve the oil-in-water specification. For ...
The oil plant has been operated as a part of the Narva Power Plants. In 2007, the oil plant was separated from the power plants ... In 2009, Eesti Energia started construction of a new Enefit 280 shale oil plant adjacent to the existing plant. The new plant ... is a commercial scale shale oil retorting facility located in Auvere near Narva, Estonia. The plant produces shale oil from oil ... The original oil shale retorting plant (UTT-3000 refinery) was built in the late 1970s next to the Eesti Power Plant to provide ...
... is a Ukrainian oil refining enterprise. The company was founded in late 1994 with the support of the ... Ukraine portal Energy portal Economy portal Business portal List of oil refineries Azov Lubricants and Oils "ЛЕБЕДИНСЬКИЙ ... Oil refineries in Ukraine, All stub articles, Ukrainian company stubs). ... Ukrainian Research Institute of Oil Refining Industry "Masma" (Kyiv) on the basis of a former military facility as a company ...
Oil platform Oil production plant Oil refinery Petroleum Petroleum industry (Oil industry) Upstream (petroleum industry) ... the oil phase may be treated in the installation's permanent gas-oil separation plant. Permanent gas-oil separation plant is ... For a full description of such a plant, see Oil production plant. A gas-oil-and-water separator is called a 3-phase separator. ... In the upstream oil industry, a gas-oil separation plant (GOSP) is temporary or permanent facilities that separate wellhead ...
... from Japan castor oil plant This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title False castor oil plant. If an ... False castor oil plant is the common name of two plants: Datura stramonium (jimsonweed, thorn-apple, devil's snare), from ...
Oil palm refers to several palms that yield oil from fruit pulp and seeds, primarily Elaeis guineensis, the African oil palm, ... referred to as the oil-palm genus Wax palm This page is an index of articles on plant species (or higher taxonomic groups) with ... which yields coconut oil from its seeds Elaeis oleifera, the American oil palm The genus Elaeis, with just two species, E. ... Set index articles on plant common names, Oil palm, Forestry-related lists). ...
... is a historic factory located at Lyons in Wayne County, New York. The remaining two ... Mark Peckham (July 1987). "National Register of Historic Places Registration: H. G. Hotchkiss Essential Oil Company Plant". New ... It was occupied by a major producer of essential oils, principally peppermint oil used in the manufacture of patent medicine. ...
"Highland Park Manufacturing Plant and Cotton Oil Complex, York County (869 Standard St. & 732 & 737 E. White St., Rock Hill)". ... Highland Park Manufacturing Plant and Cotton Oil Complex is a historic industrial complex and national historic district ... The complex includes the Highland Park Manufacturing Plant (1888-89, 1907), the Highland Park Cotton Oil Mill (1902), and the ... Paul M. Gettys (September 1990). "Highland Park Manufacturing Plant and Cotton Oil Complex" (pdf). National Register of ...
"Big oil plant begins". The Argus. 1 February 1955. p. 6. Retrieved 6 May 2019. "Kwinana's 'On stream'". The Argus. 23 March ... Built by the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company and completed in 1955, it was the largest oil refinery in Australia, with a capacity of ... Viva Energy's Geelong Oil Refinery and Ampol's Lytton Oil Refinery in Brisbane. "The Prime Minister declared...that maintaining ... The first oil was pumped from the storage tanks into the distillation furnace on 2 February 1955 and the refinery was online. ...
"CASE FOR OIL PLANT AT HAMILTON". Newcastle Sun. 1944-08-31. p. 2. Retrieved 2022-06-14. "HAMILTON SHALE-OIL PLANT". Newcastle ... Operations include mining of oil shale, extraction of crude shale oil, and refining of oil products. As there is no shale oil ... "Shale oil tomorrow's fuel". Trove. Australian Shale Oil Corporation. 1927. Retrieved 2023-01-30. "Australian Shale Oil ... "Lithgow Shale Oil Plant Closed Down". Newcastle Morning Herald & Miners' Advocate. 1945-11-17. p. 3. Retrieved 2020-07-01. ...
"Oil plant sackings spark walkouts". BBC News. 19 June 2009. Archived from the original on 22 June 2009. Retrieved 22 June 2009 ... The following plants walked out in sympathy: Stanlow oil refinery, Ellesmere Port, Cheshire Aberthaw, Cardiff Ferrybridge power ... and the BOC oxygen plant at Scunthorpe. On 19 June 2009 nearly 700 construction staff were sacked at the Lindsey Oil Refinery. ... The Lindsey Oil Refinery construction workers went on strike because employment was not offered to them on a £200 million ...
The plant was designed to process 6,000 tonnes of oil shale per day with oil output of 4,500 barrels (720 m3). From 2000 to ... Later the oil upgrading unit will be added. At the demonstration stage, the plant utilises 60 tonnes of oil shale per day ... "Oil plant equipment up for sale". ABC News Online. ABC. 21 April 2008. Retrieved 8 November 2010. "Stuart Oil Shale - Stage 2 ... consisted of an oil-shale mine and an ATP technology based pilot retorting plant at Targinnie near Yarwun. The plant was ...
... artichoke oil has attracted some attention as a possible source of biodiesel. "Plant Oils Used for Bio-diesel". BDPedia.com, ... It is similar in composition to safflower and sunflower oil. The fatty acid composition of artichoke oil is: Recently, ... Mlayah B. Benjelloun, S. de Lopez and M. Delmas (1997). "Oil and paper pulp from Cynara cardunculus: preliminary results". ... Artichoke oil is extracted from the seeds of the Cynara cardunculus (cardoon). ...
In 1943 Mobil Oil built a pilot shale oil extraction plant and in 1944 Union built an experimental oil shale retort. In 1945 ... Union Oil persevered to the extent of spending $1.2 billion, and shipped its first barrel of oil in 1986. The plant was making ... The plant at Dillon was mining oil shale of the Phosphoria Formation, Permian in age. The American Continuous Retort plant in ... In 1977, Superior Oil Company cancelled its Meeker shale oil plant project. Year later Ashland, Cleveland Cliffs Company and ...
In 1943 Mobil Oil built a pilot shale oil extraction plant and in 1944 Union built an experimental oil shale retort. In 1945 ... Also, shale-oil producer Zavod Slantsy ceased oil-shale processing. Only Syzran processing plant continued using oil shale for ... a small mall shale oil extraction plant was opened at Kinnekulle, Sweden. In 1922, a small shale oil extraction plant was ... now American Shale Oil), Oil Shale Exploration Company (now Enefit American Oil) and Shell Frontier Oil & Gas, and in 2010 to ...
Atuabo Gas Plant Jubilee Oil Field SEAIQ, SUB. "Ghana's Government Approves TEN Cluster Development Plan". subseaiq.com. ... Coincidentally, the exploration for oil in the basin also started with ten pre-first oil wells. The Tweneboa Enyenra Ntomme Oil ... The Tweneboa Enyenra Ntomme Oil Field is an oil field within Ghana's territorial waters and the country's second major oil ... "Ghana's second major oil field Tweneboa-Enyenra Ntomme to pour fist oil in 2016". ghanatrade.gov.gh. Retrieved 29 May 2017. ...
... have never been a source of rosewood oil. "Chapter 4: Rosewood Oil". Flavours and fragrances of plant origin. fao.org. Archived ... 2007). "Plant sources of amazon rosewood oil" (PDF). Química Nova. 30 (8): 1906-10. doi:10.1590/S0100-40422007000800021. Preedy ... Rosewood oil is a valuable essential oil, especially in perfumery. It contains the substance linalool, which has a number of ... Victor R.: Essential Oils. Academic Press, 2016, ISBN 978-0-12-416641-7, p. 193-200. Aniba terminalis on Useful Tropical Plants ...
Some species of vascular plants also contain intracellular structures called oil bodies. Vascular plant oil bodies consist ... These oil bodies occur largely in seeds but also occur in other plant parts, including leaves. Oil Bodies are the organelle ... Uncovering a New Role of Oil Bodies". Plant Physiology. American Society of Plant Biologists (ASPB). 124 (3): 971-978. doi: ... An oil body is a lipid-containing structure found in plant cells. The term can refer to at least two distinct kinds of ...
... is also a plant-based insect repellent and has been registered for this use in the United States since 1948. The ... Citronella oil is an essential oil obtained from the leaves and stems of different species of Cymbopogon (lemongrass). The oil ... However, natural citronella oil and its derivatives are preferred by the perfume industry. Citronella oil is popular as a ... Citronella oil has strong antifungal properties. Citronella oil is classified in trade into two chemotypes: CAS: 89998-15-2 CAS ...
Journal of Essential Oil-bearing Plants. 21 (6): 1612-1623. doi:10.1080/0972060X.2019.1574612. S2CID 107300743. Groom N (1997 ... Two forms of lavender oil are distinguished, lavender flower oil, a colorless oil, insoluble in water, having a density of ... Oil of spike lavender was used as a solvent in oil painting, mainly before the use of distilled turpentine became common. ... Lavender oil is an essential oil obtained by distillation from the flower spikes of certain species of lavender. There are over ...
Guenther, Ernest (1992). The Essential Oils: Individual Essential Oils of the Plant Families. Krieger Publishing Company. pp. ... Because of this similarity, it has sometimes been used as an adulterant for rose oil. Oil of guaiac is primarily composed of 42 ... Oil of guaiac is a fragrance ingredient used in soap and perfumery. Despite its name it does not come from the Guaiacum tree, ... Oil of guaiac was also a pre-Renaissance remedy to syphilis. Guaiacum "Guaiac Wood perfume ingredient, Guaiac Wood fragrance ...
Pumpkin seed oil A number of citrus plants yield pressed oils. Some, such as lemon and orange oil, are used as essential oils, ... Vegetable oils may also be classified by grouping oils extracted from similar plants, such as "nut oils". Although most plants ... Pecan oil, valued as a food oil, but requiring fresh pecans for good quality oil. Pine nut oil, sold as a gourmet cooking oil, ... Corn oil, one of the principal oils sold as salad and cooking oil. Cottonseed oil, used as a salad and cooking oil, both ...
"The best carrier oils for essential oils" , Medical News Today Retrieved 26 April 2018 Thompson, Stuart. "Mineral Oil vs Plant ... Camellia seed oil Sunflower oil Marula oil Jojoba oil Emu oil Castor oil Borage seed oil Nuts: Walnut oil Peanut oil Pecan oil ... Apricot oil Grape seed oil Avocado oil Olive oil Sesame oil Evening primrose oil Canola (rapeseed oil) ... Carrier oil, also known as base oil or vegetable oil, is used to dilute essential oils and absolutes before they are applied to ...
The first plant has the capacity to process 8 million tons of oil shale and produce one million tons of oil per year. At the ... "Uzbekistan postpones shale plant construction". Trend News Agency. 2015-12-29. Retrieved 2016-03-25. (Oil shale in Uzbekistan, ... The plan foresees at the first stage construction of two Galoter-type shale oil extraction plants, designed by Russian ... The Sangruntau oil shale deposit is an oil-shale deposit in Navoi Region, Uzbekistan. The reserves are estimated to reach up to ...
To service the surrounding oil field and a projected cement plant, the Oil Fields Short Line Railroad Company was incorporated ... However, the cement plant never materialized, and the oil field declined. Starting about mid-1922, the railroad quit running by ... The Oil Fields Short Line Railroad had both a short route-about 4.4 miles between Clifford and Dilworth in Kay County, Oklahoma ... "Oil Fields Short Line Railroad Company". Railroads of Oklahoma, June 6, 1870-April 1, 1978, p. 57 (accessed of Oklahoma Digital ...
Jackson oil plant is an oil processing facility near the field. It processes oil from several oil fields in the Eromanga Basin ... Jackson oil field is the largest onshore oil field in Australia. It is in Durham, Shire of Bulloo in southwestern Queensland, ... The field was discovered in 1981 and contains 350 million barrels of oil, of which just under one third is recoverable. One of ... McCarthy, John (20 May 2013). "Santos confirms uncontrolled leak at oil and gas well in Queensland's remote southwest". The ...
The world's largest palm oil biodiesel plant is the €550 million Finnish-operated Neste Oil biodiesel plant in Singapore, which ... Palm oil is an edible vegetable oil derived from the mesocarp (reddish pulp) of the fruit of the oil palms. The oil is used in ... Palm oil accounted for about 33% of global oils produced from oil crops in 2014. Palm oils are easier to stabilize and maintain ... leading palm oil buyers to purchase cheaper non-certified palm oil. Palm oil is mostly fungible. In 2011, 12% of palm oil ...
Vegetable oil is a liquid derived from plants. These are triglyceride-based, and includes cooking oils like sunflower oil, ... Typically, the oil used is a food-grade fat-type oil Hydrogenated fats and oils are triglyceride-based fats and oils which have ... such as lemon oil, or oil of peppermint. Macerated oils are oils to which other matter has been added, such as herbs. ... oils used in paint like linseed oil and oils for industrial purposes, including as biofuels. Vegetable oil may also refer to: ...
In 1980, a plant in Cold Lake was one of just two oil sands plants under construction in Alberta.Although not developed as ... Athabasca oil sands Peace River oil sands Melville Island oil sands Wabasco oil sands List of articles about Canadian tar sands ... In 2008, oil sands production represented approximately half of Canada's total crude oil production. The Athabasca oil sands ... an Imperial Oil plant in Cold Lake became the largest in situ oil sands project constructed in Alberta during the 1980s. By ...
... by Michael McCoy July 14, 2019 , A version of this story appeared in Volume 97, Issue ... dedicated to making omega-3 algal oils as food for farm-raised salmon. Omega-3 levels in farmed salmon have been declining over ...
... and include cooking oils like canola oil, solid oils like cocoa butter, oils used in paint like linseed oil and oils used for ... Plant oils or vegetable oils are oils derived from plant sources, as opposed to animal fats or petroleum. There are three ... squeezing out the oil. Macerated oils consist of a base oil to which parts of plants are added. Essential oils are composed of ... Pressed vegetable oils are extracted from the plant containing the oil (usually the seed), using one of two types of oil press ...
Rugged Woods Plant-Based Fragrance Oil for use in personal care and home fragrancing applications: Wholesale pricing on small ... Learn More About Our Plant-Based Fragrance Oils...]. Due to the nature of their composition, Plant-Based Fragrance Oils may not ... The specific formulation is proprietary, but our Rugged Woods Plant-Based Fragrance Oil is masterfully created using only plant ... Our Rugged Woods Plant-Based Fragrance Oil evokes the woody, earthy aroma of hiking deep in the forest as fallen tree trunks, ...
WRA-Castor-Oil-Plant. Posted at 21:50h in by Steven Jones 0 Comments 0 Likes ...
... olive oil color, and storage conditions. We characterized here a Souri virgin olive oil cultivar and evaluated some chemical ... An unexpected volatile compound (styrene 2.4%) was detected only in olive oil samples stored in polyethylene containers. ... found in oil stored in glass bottle and stainless containers, respectively. VOO color represented by O.D. 450-600 nm, was ... and E-2-hexen-l-ol decreased significantly after 12 months of storage in polyethylene containers as compared to fresh oil. ...
Plant Milk Serum is a milky emulsion that nurtures and soothes delicate and sensitive skin, calming irritation and redness. ... Oil, Stearyl Olivate, Helianthus Annuus (Sunflower) Seed Oil, Triolein, Cetearyl Alcohol, Daucus Carota Sativa (Carrot) Seed ... Seed Oil, Oenothera Biennis (Evening Primrose) Oil, Glycolipids, Rosa Centifolia (Cabbage Rose) Flower Extract, Arnica ... Plant Milk offers a lasting and light layer of protection, but if you need to additionally strengthen the skins protective ...
The MiniLab153 system is easy to operate and allows plant personnel with... ... Spectro Scientific introduces the MiniLab153 oil analysis system, enabling reliability and maintenance professionals to quickly ... MiniLab 153 Analyzer From Spectro Scientific Brings Industrial Plants a Complete On-site Oil Analysis System for Rapid ... Oil analysis provides early indications of equipment wear and identifies the sources of corrosion. Timely analysis is essential ...
Mingjie has the ability to sypply pyrolysis plant 6-24T per day, distillation plant 6-25T/D. ... used engine oil into diesel, after refinery , the diesel can be used in diesel generator, boat, and diesel burners, etc. ... Distillation plant is for processing the pyrolysis oil, ... Used Engine Oil Distillation Plant. Waste oil or pyrolysis oil ... Oil Sludge Pyrolysis Plant. Fully Continuous Plastic Pyrolysis Plant. *Oil Distillation Plant. Pyrolysis Oil Distillation Plant ...
This is a USDA Certified Organic essential oil. That means that this oil is free from GMOs and the plants grow freely without ... Why Plant Therapy? Giving Back Essential Oils 101 Blog Therapy Box Subscription Resource Library ... Diffuse into the air using your favorite diffuser or add a few drops in a carrier oil to a warm bath to help with tension. ... Organic Peppermint is great added to unscented lotion or carrier oil for a massage or pedicure. Aromatic: Diffuse using 3-4 ...
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Essential oils are also known as volatile oils, ethereal oils, aetheroleum, or simply as the oil of the plant from which they ... Lavender oil[edit]. Main article: Lavender oil. Lavender essential oil sold at a market in France. Lavender oil has long been ... Main article: List of essential oils. Essential oils are derived from sections of plants. Some plants, like the bitter orange, ... Syzygium aromaticum oil as a fungicide and bactericide, Mentha spicata oil as a plant growth regulator; Citrus sinensis oil ( ...
Olive del Mondo is an olive oil and vinegar tasting bar and plant-based shop in Providence, Rhode Island. ... Copyright 2024 Olive del Mondo: Olive Oils - Vinegars - Plant-Based - Powered by Lightspeed ... Olive Oil & Vinegar Tasting Bar and Vegan Mini Mart A family run shop est. 2012 401 383 5733 ...
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Using Marjoram in Evening Primrose oil can be smoothed over the abdomen to provide relief from discomfort due ... Like many of the herb and spice oils, Marjoram is calming and warming and can help encourage relaxation before sleep. When ... Plant Therapy Marjoram Essential Oil - 10ml is backordered and will ship as soon as it is back in stock. ... You will genuinely like this oil, even by itself. There are specific notes of oil characteristic types which blend well with ...
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  • The specific formulation is proprietary, but our Rugged Woods Plant-Based Fragrance Oil is masterfully created using only plant-based ingredients such as pure essential oils, absolutes, extracts and aromatic isolates derived solely from natural, raw botanical sources. (fromnaturewithlove.com)
  • The best-selling oil from Squigs Beauty combines gooseberry plant extracts with alma oil to create a nutritious mixture that softens and hydrates hair from root to tip. (theplantfairies.com)
  • Our high potency, premium hemp extracts are optimized with unique plant genetics. (plantpeople.co)
  • [8] Extracts from hexane and other hydrophobic solvents are called concretes , which are a mixture of essential oil, waxes , resins , and other lipophilic (oil-soluble) plant material. (wikipedia.org)
  • Atomm Botanicals has been offering premium quality plant extracts, vegetable oils, essential oils and butters made from natural resources and the skill to comply comes from the past experience of 17 years in this industry. (atommbotanicals.com)
  • The crude oil obtained from oil mill plants and solvent plants get refined in the oil refinery plants before it is utilized directly. (oil-expeller.net)
  • In modern vegetable oil production, oils are usually extracted chemically, using a solvent such as hexane. (wikipedia.org)
  • The material will extracted by the solvent or mix oil. (sozailink.com)
  • 3) After the mix oil from the rotary extraction enters into 1st evaporator and 2nd evaporator, most of the solvent in the mix oil is separated. (sozailink.com)
  • 4) The mix oil from 2nd evaporator goes to stripping tower and almost all the solvent is separated. (sozailink.com)
  • From the stripping tower, we can get crude oil and solvent. (sozailink.com)
  • Instead, a solvent such as hexane or supercritical carbon dioxide is used to extract the oils. (wikipedia.org)
  • Often, another solvent, such as ethyl alcohol , is used to extract the fragrant oil from the concrete. (wikipedia.org)
  • These are triglyceride-based, and include cooking oils like canola oil, solid oils like cocoa butter, oils used in paint like linseed oil and oils used for industrial purposes. (wikipedia.org)
  • two were treatment rooms (soybean oil at 7 g/pig/day, and canola oil 8 g/pig/day) and two were control rooms. (cdc.gov)
  • There was no difference in the degree of dust control between soybean oil and canola oil. (cdc.gov)
  • These include straight chain (aliphatic) hydrocarbons and aromatic or polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), which are distilled from crude oil, and various additives that improve the performance of the oil in the engine. (cdc.gov)
  • Essential oils are composed of volatile aromatic compounds, extracted from plants by distillation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Essential oils are not oils but volatile aromatic compounds that are used in flavors, fragrances, and in aroma therapy for health purposes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Essential oils are often used for aromatherapy , a form of alternative medicine in which healing effects are ascribed to aromatic compounds. (wikipedia.org)
  • Learn More About Our Plant-Based Fragrance Oils. (fromnaturewithlove.com)
  • Due to the nature of their composition, Plant-Based Fragrance Oils may not behave like synthetic fragrance oils which contain synthetic stabilizers. (fromnaturewithlove.com)
  • Preliminary testing and experimentation are important when working with Plant-Based Fragrance Oils to overcome any challenges they may present when formulating natural personal care, soap and candle products. (fromnaturewithlove.com)
  • The recommended usage rates vary for each of our Plant-Based Fragrance Oils and the application that it will be used in. (fromnaturewithlove.com)
  • We certify that the each of our Plant-Based Fragrance Oils is in compliance with the standards of the International Fragrance Association [IFRA 49th Amendment (January '20)], provided the fragrance is used at the maximum concentration level(s) as shown in its IFRA Certificate. (fromnaturewithlove.com)
  • Not to be confused with essential fatty acid or fragrance oils . (wikipedia.org)
  • Peanut Oil Press, 2007 "What are cold pressed oils? (wikipedia.org)
  • 100% Pure Macadamia Oil - Our macadamia oil is virgin, unrefined, cold pressed, undiluted with no added ingredients. (theplantguru.com)
  • Most citrus peel oils are expressed mechanically or cold-pressed (similar to olive oil extraction ). (wikipedia.org)
  • Persons in or around castor oil processing plants are at risk for exposure. (cdc.gov)
  • Essential oils are usually extracted by distillation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pumping the oil into the distillation reactor, and start heating, highest temperature in the system should be around 350 ℃, under vacuum production environment, to keep safety of operation, liquid oil heated to become oil gas, then condensed into liquid oil again and stored in the oil tank, this process help to separate light oil from the impurities. (mingjiegroup.com)
  • Essential oils are generally extracted by distillation , often by using steam . (wikipedia.org)
  • Before the discovery of distillation, all essential oils were extracted by pressing. (wikipedia.org)
  • Most flowers contain too little volatile oil to undergo expression, but their chemical components are too delicate and easily denatured by the high heat used in steam distillation. (wikipedia.org)
  • When experiencing head or neck tension, dilute Organic Peppermint to a carrier oil for an alleviating massage. (planttherapy.com)
  • Organic Peppermint is great added to unscented lotion or carrier oil for a massage or pedicure. (planttherapy.com)
  • Most common essential oils such as lavender , peppermint , tea tree oil , patchouli , and eucalyptus are distilled. (wikipedia.org)
  • Peppermint oil is an oil made from the peppermint plant. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Peppermint oil overdose occurs when someone swallows more than the normal or recommended amount of this product. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Menthol is the ingredient in peppermint oil that can be poisonous in large amounts. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Peppermint oil is used to flavor various products. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Other products may also contain peppermint oil. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Below are symptoms of a peppermint oil overdose in different parts of the body. (medlineplus.gov)
  • How well someone does depends on the amount of peppermint oil swallowed and how quickly treatment is received. (medlineplus.gov)
  • From the fryer to the fuel tank: the complete guide to using vegetable oil as an alternative fuel (third ed. (wikipedia.org)
  • Vegetable oil sprinkling as a dust reduction method in swine confinement. (cdc.gov)
  • A feed trial lasting for 28 weeks included one reference diet containing fish oil as the sole lipid source and three diets where 80% of the fish oil was replaced by a plant oil blend with either olive oil , rapeseed oil or soybean oil as the main lipid source. (bvsalud.org)
  • In the distal intestine , the complex folds were significantly shorter in the fish fed soybean oil compared to the fish fed rapeseed oil . (bvsalud.org)
  • A press developed at MIT's D-Lab, for example, is capable of exerting 800-1,000psi to extract peanut oil. (wikipedia.org)
  • In this process, used, for example, to extract the onion, garlic, wintergreen and bitter almond essential oil, the plant material is macerated in warm water to release the volatile compounds in the plant. (wikipedia.org)
  • Full-spectrum is an extract that is high in CBD but also contains other beneficial cannabinoids such as CBC, CBN, CBG as well as terpenes and other phytonutrients that are naturally occurring in the hemp plant. (plantpeople.co)
  • Oilseed pretreatment usually means the working procedures of detaching the impurities out of the oil material to make the oilseeds in the LD condition before pressing in order to extract the most oil out. (sozailink.com)
  • To evaluate the effect of crude extract and essential oil of Cordia verbenacea (C.V.), systemically administered, on ligature-induced periodontitis in rats. (bvsalud.org)
  • Diffuse into the air using your favorite diffuser or add a few drops in a carrier oil to a warm bath to help with tension. (planttherapy.com)
  • For seasonal illness, add 2-3 of drops of marjoram to 1 ounce of milk or 1 teaspoon carrier oil, then add this to ½ cup of Epsom salts in a warm bath to help relieve symptoms. (naturetherapy.sg)
  • Add marjoram to a carrier oil or lotion to relieve occasional tired, sore muscles such as after a strenuous workout or to relieve the discomfort suffered during the menstrual cycle. (naturetherapy.sg)
  • LD GROUP is a large-sized joint-equity enterprise which specialize in producing edible oil mechanical equipment and it is also a group enterprise integrating scientific research, manufacturing, sales as one. (sozailink.com)
  • Chlorophyll and carotenoid composition in virgin olive oils from various Spanish olive varieties. (brill.com)
  • An unexpected volatile compound (styrene 2.4%) was detected only in olive oil samples stored in polyethylene containers. (brill.com)
  • Influence of volatile compounds on virgin olive oil quality evaluated by analytical approaches and sensor panels. (brill.com)
  • Volatile compounds that produce odors can be eliminated through the process of sparging, i.e. bubbling steam through the oil, under a vacuum. (oil-expeller.net)
  • An essential oil is a concentrated hydrophobic liquid containing volatile (easily evaporated at normal temperatures) chemical compounds from plants . (wikipedia.org)
  • Essential oils are also known as volatile oils , ethereal oils , aetheroleum , or simply as the oil of the plant from which they were extracted, such as oil of clove . (wikipedia.org)
  • As the water is heated, the steam passes through the plant material, vaporizing the volatile compounds. (wikipedia.org)
  • Industrial machines for extracting oil mechanically are call expellers. (wikipedia.org)
  • Rather than using traditional shaving oils, the smooth, anti-inflammatory nature of macadamia nut oil can help soothe the skin and moisturize it at the same time, leaving smooth, healthier skin behind. (theplantguru.com)
  • It is very necessary that the oil refining process be known to the oil mill plants owners. (oil-expeller.net)
  • It is the first and most vital step during the whole set of oil mill plant. (sozailink.com)
  • Metsä Fibre has awarded Pöyry with an EPC agreement to deliver a tall oil plant for a bioproduct mill being built in Äänekoski, Finland. (manufacturing-journal.net)
  • The crude tall oil is an important product in the bioproduct mill. (manufacturing-journal.net)
  • We have good experiences of HDS ® technology in other Metsä Fibre mills and we believe that we can maximise the tall oil production in a cost effective way with the solution chosen," says Timo Merikallio, director of the bioproduct mill project. (manufacturing-journal.net)
  • We are proud that Metsä Fibre selected Pöyry as the tall oil plant supplier for its next-generation bioproduct mill. (manufacturing-journal.net)
  • Like many of the herb and spice oils, Marjoram is calming and warming and can help encourage relaxation before sleep. (naturetherapy.sg)
  • [4] [5] Essential oils can be poisonous if ingested or absorbed through the skin. (wikipedia.org)
  • Waste oil or pyrolysis oil will be collected and stored in big tanks, make the big size impurities sink to the bottom, when loading , leave the bottom impurities. (mingjiegroup.com)
  • Activated clay has strong chemical and physical adsorption function to the impurities, which will help to improve the color of the oil and make it more stable. (mingjiegroup.com)
  • Filter process is to separate the impurities in the oil by pressing the oil through filter cloth, the oil will be cleaner after this process. (mingjiegroup.com)
  • It smells like unused oil and contains the chemicals found in unused oil. (cdc.gov)
  • Spectro Scientific introduces the MiniLab153 oil analysis system, enabling reliability and maintenance professionals to quickly and accurately perform comprehensive on-site lubricant analysis. (labbulletin.com)
  • Lubricant oil analysis is a critical part of predictive maintenance (PdM) programs since it increases equipment availability by reducing unexpected failure, facilitates proactive maintenance schedules based on predictive analytics, extends equipment life and decreases total equipment lifecycle costs. (labbulletin.com)
  • Used mineral-based crankcase oil is similar to unused oil except that it contains additional chemicals that are produced or that build up in the oil when it is used as an engine lubricant. (cdc.gov)
  • In many markets further refining is not required as the flavors of unrefined oils may be readily acceptable. (oil-expeller.net)
  • This step is usually carried out with palm oil to separate the oil into two separate products: solid fat (stearin) and liquid oil (olein). (oil-expeller.net)
  • Unlike marijuana and other medicinal cannabis products, full spectrum CBD oil derived from hemp only contains trace amounts of THC. (plantpeople.co)
  • Oils derived from plants or plant products. (bvsalud.org)
  • The usage rates are based on the specific essential oils and natural isolates contained within each oil. (fromnaturewithlove.com)
  • Maceration is also used as a means of extracting essential oils. (wikipedia.org)
  • Timely analysis is essential because the condition of machinery can change significantly during the wait for oil sample results to return from external laboratories. (labbulletin.com)
  • Plant Therapy Marjoram Essential Oil - 10ml is backordered and will ship as soon as it is back in stock. (naturetherapy.sg)
  • For the Midnight Oil album, see Essential Oils (album) . (wikipedia.org)
  • An essential oil is essential in the sense that it contains the essence of the plant's fragrance -the characteristic fragrance of the plant from which it is derived. (wikipedia.org)
  • Aromatherapy may be useful to induce relaxation, but there is not sufficient evidence that essential oils can effectively treat any condition. (wikipedia.org)
  • [3] Improper use of essential oils may cause harm including allergic reactions, inflammation and skin irritation. (wikipedia.org)
  • [6] Due to the relatively large quantities of oil in citrus peel and low cost to grow and harvest the raw materials, citrus-fruit oils are cheaper than most other essential oils. (wikipedia.org)
  • Active ingredients in chamomile include the essential oil bisabolol and plant nutrients called flavonoids. (msdmanuals.com)
  • and C.V. essential oil group (n=18): animals that received 100 mg/kg/day of essential oils free of C. verbenacea. (bvsalud.org)
  • 1.Screw oil press: it is one kind of continuous oil press equipment, suitable for the oil plant. (sozailink.com)
  • We trust the supported of them,They look at the heavy fuel oil system problem of power plant from different angles using different technologies. (chinakwee.com)
  • There has been recent interest in improving the design of mechanical oil presses, particularly for use in developing countries. (wikipedia.org)
  • Chemical extraction is cheaper and more efficient than mechanical extraction, at a large scale, leaving only 0.5-0.7% of the oil in the plant solids, as compared to 6-14% for mechanical extraction. (wikipedia.org)
  • Domestic cement industry Essroc Materials Inc. acquired the marketing and sales areas of the Midwest Portland Cement Co. Holnam Inc. bought the Box Crow Cement plant in Midlothian, TX for $91 million. (cdc.gov)
  • Medusa Cement purchased the Demopolis, AL, cement plant and nine terminals from Lafarge Corp. for $45 million. (cdc.gov)
  • Lone Star Industries Inc. planned to sell its Nazareth, PA cement plant and several joint ventures as part of a bankruptcy plan. (cdc.gov)
  • From the product launch on the floor of Reliable Plan 2016, Spectro Scientific Vice President, Business Development Robert Wopperer said, "The MiniLab 153 provides immediate answers about the health of high-value equipment with real-time analyses at the plant location. (labbulletin.com)
  • Plant therapy's coffee has the base, mid's and surprisingly the high end of the sweet notes. (naturetherapy.sg)
  • This rich oil is high in monounsaturated fatty acids, which are nourishing to skin cells and in palmitoleic acid, which helps increase skin penetration and absorption. (theplantguru.com)
  • Degumming is a way of treating oils that have high phosphate content. (oil-expeller.net)
  • The plant combines high yields and usability with low operating costs. (manufacturing-journal.net)
  • It produces a high-quality crude tall oil which, after processing, can be used in various applications. (manufacturing-journal.net)
  • These plant oils have intermediate or low n-3/n-6-ratios compared to fish oil having a high n-3/n-6-ratio. (bvsalud.org)
  • In addition to the chemicals found in unused oil, used mineral-based crankcase oil contains chemicals that are formed when the oil is exposed to the high temperatures and pressures inside an engine as it runs. (cdc.gov)
  • The treatment rooms had a low-pressure oil-sprinkling system, which sprinkled 5% oil-to-water mixture 12 times per day, 12 s each time. (cdc.gov)
  • Plant oils or vegetable oils are oils derived from plant sources, as opposed to animal fats or petroleum. (wikipedia.org)
  • Utilization of tropical foods : tropical seed-oils, compendium of technological and nutritional aspects of processing and utilization of tropical foods, both animal and plant, for purposes of training and field reference. (who.int)
  • Close adherence to the Portfolio dietary pattern, including foods that have been shown to actively lower cholesterol (eg, plant proteins, nuts, viscous fiber, phytosterols and plant monounsaturated fats) is associated with a 14% lower risk for total cardiovascular disease (CVD), coronary heart disease (CHD), and stroke , pooled results from three large observational studies suggest. (medscape.com)
  • This study provides additional evidence to support the use of the plant-based Portfolio dietary pattern for reducing the risk of CVD," which aligns with American Heart Association guidelines promoting consumption of whole grains, fruits and vegetables, plant-based proteins, minimally processed foods, and healthy unsaturated plant oils, the authors conclude. (medscape.com)
  • Nutritive, complete and balanced, Plant Milk Serum is a milky emulsion that nurtures and soothes delicate and sensitive skin, calming irritation and redness. (tammyfender.com)
  • The first-year experiment demonstrated that a 5% oil-water emulsion automatically applied at the rate of 3 and 5 g/pig/day achieved a 23% to 34% reduction in total dust. (cdc.gov)
  • There are specific notes of oil characteristic types which blend well with others, some are better off on their own, and others aren't made often because of the difficulty perhaps or knowledge required. (naturetherapy.sg)
  • There are three primary types of plant oil, differing both the means of extracting the relevant parts of the plant, and in the nature of the resulting oil: Vegetable fats and oils were historically extracted by putting part of the plant under pressure, squeezing out the oil. (wikipedia.org)
  • Vegetable fats and oils are what are most commonly called vegetable oils. (wikipedia.org)
  • Though the oil is extracted from the seed of this plant but is known for the therapeutic benefits offered by it. (atommbotanicals.com)
  • Allowing the oil to stand for a time at low temperatures so that glycerides, which naturally occur in the oil, with higher melting points solidify and can then be removed from the oil by filtering. (oil-expeller.net)
  • Used mineral-based crankcase oil is not naturally found in the environment, but most of the chemicals found in the oil do occur naturally. (cdc.gov)
  • Results of search for 'su:{Plant oils. (who.int)
  • Substitution of dietary fish oil with plant oils is associated with shortened mid intestinal folds in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). (bvsalud.org)
  • Shortened intestinal folds might be associated with reduced intestinal surface and impaired nutrient absorption and growth , but our results suggest that partial substitution of dietary fish oil with vegetable oils does not have any major negative impact on the intestinal health of Atlantic salmon . (bvsalud.org)
  • Rugged Woods Plant-Based Fragrance Oil is suitable for use in clean beauty, personal care and home fragrancing applications where cost-effective fragrance is required and synthetic ingredients are not desired. (fromnaturewithlove.com)
  • Fish meal and fish oil are increasingly replaced by ingredients from terrestrial sources in the feeds for farmed salmonids due to expanding production and reduced availability of marine feed raw material. (bvsalud.org)
  • It's important to note you'd have to take A LOT - we're talking about ingesting almost 20,000 mg of CBD oil in a very short amount of time - before it would become toxic, according to a 2011 study published in the journal Current Drug Safety. (plantpeople.co)
  • Toxic oil syndrome : current knowledge and future perspectives. (who.int)
  • Toxic oil syndrome : mass food poisoning in Spain / report of a WHO meeting, Madrid, 21-25 March, 1983. (who.int)
  • Toxic oil syndrome : ten years of progress / edited by Benedetto Terracini. (who.int)
  • As a whole- plant formulation, this formula utilizes the seed, root, leaf, petal and fruit of precious and potent traditional plant remedies such as White Lily, Mountain Arnica and Milk Thistle. (tammyfender.com)
  • In this context, evidence has shown that the use of medicinal plants is greatly relevant in folk medicine to treat different inflammatory conditions, including periodontitis 7-11 . (bvsalud.org)
  • The species Cordia verbenacea, formally classified as C. curassavica, is a native Brazilian medicinal plant belonging to the Boraginaceae family, distributed along the Brazilian coastal regions and popularly known as Erva Baleeira. (bvsalud.org)
  • CBD oil has also been shown to help aid in inflammation relief and sleep. (plantpeople.co)
  • Fish oil that is rich in n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids is considered beneficial to human health in general and to prevent intestinal inflammation and carcinogenesis in particular. (bvsalud.org)
  • In addition, used mineral-based crankcase oil contains small amounts of water, gasoline, antifreeze, and chemicals that come from gasoline when it burns inside the engine. (cdc.gov)
  • All Plant People tinctures are made of full spectrum CBD oil. (plantpeople.co)
  • Pressed vegetable oils are extracted from the plant containing the oil (usually the seed), using one of two types of oil press. (wikipedia.org)
  • The recondensed water is referred to as a hydrosol, hydrolat, herbal distillate , or plant water essence, which may be sold as another fragrant product. (wikipedia.org)
  • That means that this oil is free from GMOs and the plants grow freely without the aid of synthetic fertilizers and in soil that is clean of prohibited substances, such as harmful pesticides. (planttherapy.com)
  • If you are exposed to a substance such as used mineral-based crankcase oil, many factors will determine whether harmful health effects will occur and what the type and severity of those health effects will be. (cdc.gov)
  • Plant Milk offers a lasting and light layer of protection, but if you need to additionally strengthen the skin's protective barrier, layer underneath a moisturizer like Intensive Repair Balm, locking in moisture. (tammyfender.com)
  • Plant Milk Serum has a rating of 5.0 stars based on 5 reviews. (tammyfender.com)
  • The second type of oil press is the ram press, where a piston is driven into a cylinder, crushing the seeds and forcing out the oil. (wikipedia.org)
  • Typically, the oil used is a food-grade fat-type oil. (wikipedia.org)
  • The MiniLab Series generates easy-to-interpret results and reports with OilView™ analytical software, which includes asset management and reference oil databases, alarm limit templates, Trivector™ report creation, automatic email report distribution and data analytics. (labbulletin.com)