Plants, Genetically Modified: PLANTS, or their progeny, whose GENOME has been altered by GENETIC ENGINEERING.Plant Leaves: Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)Plant Proteins: Proteins found in plants (flowers, herbs, shrubs, trees, etc.). The concept does not include proteins found in vegetables for which VEGETABLE PROTEINS is available.Plant Roots: The usually underground portions of a plant that serve as support, store food, and through which water and mineral nutrients enter the plant. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982; Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)Genes, Plant: The functional hereditary units of PLANTS.Plant Extracts: Concentrated pharmaceutical preparations of plants obtained by removing active constituents with a suitable solvent, which is evaporated away, and adjusting the residue to a prescribed standard.Plant Shoots: New immature growth of a plant including stem, leaves, tips of branches, and SEEDLINGS.Plants, Medicinal: Plants whose roots, leaves, seeds, bark, or other constituent parts possess therapeutic, tonic, purgative, curative or other pharmacologic attributes, when administered to man or animals.DNA, Plant: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of plants.Plant Development: Processes orchestrated or driven by a plethora of genes, plant hormones, and inherent biological timing mechanisms facilitated by secondary molecules, which result in the systematic transformation of plants and plant parts, from one stage of maturity to another.Plants, Toxic: Plants or plant parts which are harmful to man or other animals.Plant Cells: Basic functional unit of plants.Plant Stems: Parts of plants that usually grow vertically upwards towards the light and support the leaves, buds, and reproductive structures. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)Genome, Plant: The genetic complement of a plant (PLANTS) as represented in its DNA.Arabidopsis: A plant genus of the family BRASSICACEAE that contains ARABIDOPSIS PROTEINS and MADS DOMAIN PROTEINS. The species A. thaliana is used for experiments in classical plant genetics as well as molecular genetic studies in plant physiology, biochemistry, and development.Plants, Edible: An organism of the vegetable kingdom suitable by nature for use as a food, especially by human beings. Not all parts of any given plant are edible but all parts of edible plants have been known to figure as raw or cooked food: leaves, roots, tubers, stems, seeds, buds, fruits, and flowers. The most commonly edible parts of plants are FRUIT, usually sweet, fleshy, and succulent. Most edible plants are commonly cultivated for their nutritional value and are referred to as VEGETABLES.Plant Structures: The parts of plants, including SEEDS.Plant Growth Regulators: Any of the hormones produced naturally in plants and active in controlling growth and other functions. There are three primary classes: auxins, cytokinins, and gibberellins.Arabidopsis Proteins: Proteins that originate from plants species belonging to the genus ARABIDOPSIS. The most intensely studied species of Arabidopsis, Arabidopsis thaliana, is commonly used in laboratory experiments.Plant Immunity: The inherent or induced capacity of plants to withstand or ward off biological attack by pathogens.Tobacco: A plant genus of the family SOLANACEAE. Members contain NICOTINE and other biologically active chemicals; its dried leaves are used for SMOKING.Plant Epidermis: A thin layer of cells forming the outer integument of seed plants and ferns. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Plant Stomata: Closable openings in the epidermis of plants on the underside of leaves. They allow the exchange of gases between the internal tissues of the plant and the outside atmosphere.Angiosperms: Members of the group of vascular plants which bear flowers. They are differentiated from GYMNOSPERMS by their production of seeds within a closed chamber (OVARY, PLANT). The Angiosperms division is composed of two classes, the monocotyledons (Liliopsida) and dicotyledons (Magnoliopsida). Angiosperms represent approximately 80% of all known living plants.Seeds: The encapsulated embryos of flowering plants. They are used as is or for animal feed because of the high content of concentrated nutrients like starches, proteins, and fats. Rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed are also produced for the oils (fats) they yield.Plant Poisoning: Poisoning by the ingestion of plants or its leaves, berries, roots or stalks. The manifestations in both humans and animals vary in severity from mild to life threatening. In animals, especially domestic animals, it is usually the result of ingesting moldy or fermented forage.Plant Transpiration: The loss of water vapor by plants to the atmosphere. It occurs mainly from the leaves through pores (stomata) whose primary function is gas exchange. The water is replaced by a continuous column of water moving upwards from the roots within the xylem vessels. (Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Lycopersicon esculentum: A plant species of the family SOLANACEAE, native of South America, widely cultivated for their edible, fleshy, usually red fruit.Flowers: The reproductive organs of plants.Plant Tumors: A localized proliferation of plant tissue forming a swelling or outgrowth, commonly with a characteristic shape and unlike any organ of the normal plant. Plant tumors or galls usually form in response to the action of a pathogen or a pest. (Holliday, P., A Dictionary of Plant Pathology, 1989, p330)Chromosomes, Plant: Complex nucleoprotein structures which contain the genomic DNA and are part of the CELL NUCLEUS of PLANTS.Plant Components, Aerial: The above-ground plant without the roots.Amino Acid Sequence: The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.Plant Preparations: Material prepared from plants.Zea mays: A plant species of the family POACEAE. It is a tall grass grown for its EDIBLE GRAIN, corn, used as food and animal FODDER.Seedling: Very young plant after GERMINATION of SEEDS.Herbivory: The act of feeding on plants by animals.Power Plants: Units that convert some other form of energy into electrical energy.Biomass: Total mass of all the organisms of a given type and/or in a given area. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990) It includes the yield of vegetative mass produced from any given crop.Fabaceae: The large family of plants characterized by pods. Some are edible and some cause LATHYRISM or FAVISM and other forms of poisoning. Other species yield useful materials like gums from ACACIA and various LECTINS like PHYTOHEMAGGLUTININS from PHASEOLUS. Many of them harbor NITROGEN FIXATION bacteria on their roots. Many but not all species of "beans" belong to this family.Plant Nectar: Sugar-rich liquid produced in plant glands called nectaries. It is either produced in flowers or other plant structures, providing a source of attraction for pollinating insects and animals, as well as being a nutrient source to animal mutualists which provide protection of plants against herbivores.Oxylipins: Eighteen-carbon cyclopentyl polyunsaturated fatty acids derived from ALPHA-LINOLENIC ACID via an oxidative pathway analogous to the EICOSANOIDS in animals. Biosynthesis is inhibited by SALICYLATES. A key member, jasmonic acid of PLANTS, plays a similar role to ARACHIDONIC ACID in animals.Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.Plant Bark: The outer layer of the woody parts of plants.Symbiosis: The relationship between two different species of organisms that are interdependent; each gains benefits from the other or a relationship between different species where both of the organisms in question benefit from the presence of the other.Photosynthesis: The synthesis by organisms of organic chemical compounds, especially carbohydrates, from carbon dioxide using energy obtained from light rather than from the oxidation of chemical compounds. Photosynthesis comprises two separate processes: the light reactions and the dark reactions. In higher plants; GREEN ALGAE; and CYANOBACTERIA; NADPH and ATP formed by the light reactions drive the dark reactions which result in the fixation of carbon dioxide. (from Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 2001)Plant Physiological Processes: Physiological functions characteristic of plants.Cyclopentanes: A group of alicyclic hydrocarbons with the general formula R-C5H9.Indoleacetic Acids: Acetic acid derivatives of the heterocyclic compound indole. (Merck Index, 11th ed)Solanum tuberosum: A plant species of the genus SOLANUM, family SOLANACEAE. The starchy roots are used as food. SOLANINE is found in green parts.Soil: The unconsolidated mineral or organic matter on the surface of the earth that serves as a natural medium for the growth of land plants.Medicine, Traditional: Systems of medicine based on cultural beliefs and practices handed down from generation to generation. The concept includes mystical and magical rituals (SPIRITUAL THERAPIES); PHYTOTHERAPY; and other treatments which may not be explained by modern medicine.Plant Exudates: Substances released by PLANTS such as PLANT GUMS and PLANT RESINS.Ecosystem: A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Salicylic Acid: A compound obtained from the bark of the white willow and wintergreen leaves. It has bacteriostatic, fungicidal, and keratolytic actions.Root Nodules, Plant: Knobbed structures formed from and attached to plant roots, especially of LEGUMES, which result from symbiotic infection by nitrogen fixing bacteria such as RHIZOBIUM or FRANKIA. Root nodules are structures related to MYCORRHIZAE formed by symbiotic associations with fungi.Plant Lectins: Protein or glycoprotein substances of plant origin that bind to sugar moieties in cell walls or membranes. Some carbohydrate-metabolizing proteins (ENZYMES) from PLANTS also bind to carbohydrates, however they are not considered lectins. Many plant lectins change the physiology of the membrane of BLOOD CELLS to cause agglutination, mitosis, or other biochemical changes. They may play a role in plant defense mechanisms.Germ Cells, Plant: The reproductive cells of plants.Mutation: Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.Mycorrhizae: Symbiotic combination (dual organism) of the MYCELIUM of FUNGI with the roots of plants (PLANT ROOTS). The roots of almost all higher plants exhibit this mutually beneficial relationship, whereby the fungus supplies water and mineral salts to the plant, and the plant supplies CARBOHYDRATES to the fungus. There are two major types of mycorrhizae: ectomycorrhizae and endomycorrhizae.Phytotherapy: Use of plants or herbs to treat diseases or to alleviate pain.Poaceae: A large family of narrow-leaved herbaceous grasses of the order Cyperales, subclass Commelinidae, class Liliopsida (monocotyledons). Food grains (EDIBLE GRAIN) come from members of this family. RHINITIS, ALLERGIC, SEASONAL can be induced by POLLEN of many of the grasses.Chloroplasts: Plant cell inclusion bodies that contain the photosynthetic pigment CHLOROPHYLL, which is associated with the membrane of THYLAKOIDS. Chloroplasts occur in cells of leaves and young stems of plants. They are also found in some forms of PHYTOPLANKTON such as HAPTOPHYTA; DINOFLAGELLATES; DIATOMS; and CRYPTOPHYTA.Plant Infertility: The failure of PLANTS to complete fertilization and obtain seed (SEEDS) as a result of defective POLLEN or ovules, or other aberrations. (Dict. of Plant Genet. and Mol. Biol., 1998)Pollen: The fertilizing element of plants that contains the male GAMETOPHYTES.Brassica: A plant genus of the family Cruciferae. It contains many species and cultivars used as food including cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, Brussel sprouts, kale, collard greens, MUSTARD PLANT; (B. alba, B. junica, and B. nigra), turnips (BRASSICA NAPUS) and rapeseed (BRASSICA RAPA).Germination: The initial stages of the growth of SEEDS into a SEEDLINGS. The embryonic shoot (plumule) and embryonic PLANT ROOTS (radicle) emerge and grow upwards and downwards respectively. Food reserves for germination come from endosperm tissue within the seed and/or from the seed leaves (COTYLEDON). (Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)Asteraceae: A large plant family of the order Asterales, subclass Asteridae, class Magnoliopsida. The family is also known as Compositae. Flower petals are joined near the base and stamens alternate with the corolla lobes. The common name of "daisy" refers to several genera of this family including Aster; CHRYSANTHEMUM; RUDBECKIA; TANACETUM.Species Specificity: The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.Plant Oils: Oils derived from plants or plant products.Sequence Alignment: The arrangement of two or more amino acid or base sequences from an organism or organisms in such a way as to align areas of the sequences sharing common properties. The degree of relatedness or homology between the sequences is predicted computationally or statistically based on weights assigned to the elements aligned between the sequences. This in turn can serve as a potential indicator of the genetic relatedness between the organisms.Droughts: Prolonged dry periods in natural climate cycle. They are slow-onset phenomena caused by rainfall deficit combined with other predisposing factors.Botany: The study of the origin, structure, development, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of plants.Fungi: A kingdom of eukaryotic, heterotrophic organisms that live parasitically as saprobes, including MUSHROOMS; YEASTS; smuts, molds, etc. They reproduce either sexually or asexually, and have life cycles that range from simple to complex. Filamentous fungi, commonly known as molds, refer to those that grow as multicellular colonies.Peas: A variable annual leguminous vine (Pisum sativum) that is cultivated for its rounded smooth or wrinkled edible protein-rich seeds, the seed of the pea, and the immature pods with their included seeds. (From Webster's New Collegiate Dictionary, 1973)Phenotype: The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.Triticum: A plant genus of the family POACEAE that is the source of EDIBLE GRAIN. A hybrid with rye (SECALE CEREALE) is called TRITICALE. The seed is ground into FLOUR and used to make BREAD, and is the source of WHEAT GERM AGGLUTININS.Abscisic Acid: Abscission-accelerating plant growth substance isolated from young cotton fruit, leaves of sycamore, birch, and other plants, and from potatoes, lemons, avocados, and other fruits.Phytosterols: A class of organic compounds known as STEROLS or STEROIDS derived from plants.Nitrogen: An element with the atomic symbol N, atomic number 7, and atomic weight [14.00643; 14.00728]. Nitrogen exists as a diatomic gas and makes up about 78% of the earth's atmosphere by volume. It is a constituent of proteins and nucleic acids and found in all living cells.Hordeum: A plant genus of the family POACEAE. The EDIBLE GRAIN, barley, is widely used as food.Pseudomonas syringae: A species of gram-negative, fluorescent, phytopathogenic bacteria in the genus PSEUDOMONAS. It is differentiated into approximately 50 pathovars with different plant pathogenicities and host specificities.Bryopsida: A class of plants within the Bryophyta comprising the mosses, which are found in both damp (including freshwater) and drier situations. Mosses possess erect or prostrate leafless stems, which give rise to leafless stalks bearing capsules. Spores formed in the capsules are released and grow to produce new plants. (Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990). Many small plants bearing the name moss are in fact not mosses. The "moss" found on the north side of trees is actually a green alga (CHLOROPHYTA). Irish moss is really a red alga (RHODOPHYTA). Beard lichen (beard moss), Iceland moss, oak moss, and reindeer moss are actually LICHENS. Spanish moss is a common name for both LICHENS and an air plant (TILLANDSIA usneoides) of the pineapple family. Club moss is an evergreen herb of the family LYCOPODIACEAE.Light: That portion of the electromagnetic spectrum in the visible, ultraviolet, and infrared range.Disease Resistance: The capacity of an organism to defend itself against pathological processes or the agents of those processes. This most often involves innate immunity whereby the organism responds to pathogens in a generic way. The term disease resistance is used most frequently when referring to plants.Protoplasts: The protoplasm and plasma membrane of plant, fungal, bacterial or archaeon cells without the CELL WALL.Evolution, Molecular: The process of cumulative change at the level of DNA; RNA; and PROTEINS, over successive generations.Chlorophyll: Porphyrin derivatives containing magnesium that act to convert light energy in photosynthetic organisms.Meristem: A group of plant cells that are capable of dividing infinitely and whose main function is the production of new growth at the growing tip of a root or stem. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)Soybeans: An annual legume. The SEEDS of this plant are edible and used to produce a variety of SOY FOODS.Agrobacterium tumefaciens: A species of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria isolated from soil and the stems, leafs, and roots of plants. Some biotypes are pathogenic and cause the formation of PLANT TUMORS in a wide variety of higher plants. The species is a major research tool in biotechnology.Plastids: Self-replicating cytoplasmic organelles of plant and algal cells that contain pigments and may synthesize and accumulate various substances. PLASTID GENOMES are used in phylogenetic studies.Aphids: A family (Aphididae) of small insects, in the suborder Sternorrhyncha, that suck the juices of plants. Important genera include Schizaphis and Myzus. The latter is known to carry more than 100 virus diseases between plants.Rhizobium: A genus of gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that activate PLANT ROOT NODULATION in leguminous plants. Members of this genus are nitrogen-fixing and common soil inhabitants.Trees: Woody, usually tall, perennial higher plants (Angiosperms, Gymnosperms, and some Pterophyta) having usually a main stem and numerous branches.Transformation, Genetic: Change brought about to an organisms genetic composition by unidirectional transfer (TRANSFECTION; TRANSDUCTION, GENETIC; CONJUGATION, GENETIC, etc.) and incorporation of foreign DNA into prokaryotic or eukaryotic cells by recombination of part or all of that DNA into the cell's genome.Volatile Organic Compounds: Organic compounds that have a relatively high VAPOR PRESSURE at room temperature.Cucumis sativus: A creeping annual plant species of the CUCURBITACEAE family. It has a rough succulent, trailing stem and hairy leaves with three to five pointed lobes.Cytokinins: Plant hormones that promote the separation of daughter cells after mitotic division of a parent cell. Frequently they are purine derivatives.Hydroponics: A technique for growing plants in culture solutions rather than in soil. The roots are immersed in an aerated solution containing the correct proportions of essential mineral salts. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)Mustard Plant: Any of several BRASSICA species that are commonly called mustard. Brassica alba is white mustard, B. juncea is brown or Chinese mustard, and B. nigra is black, brown, or red mustard. The plant is grown both for mustard seed from which oil is extracted or used as SPICES, and for its greens used as VEGETABLES or ANIMAL FEED. There is no relationship to MUSTARD COMPOUNDS.Stress, Physiological: The unfavorable effect of environmental factors (stressors) on the physiological functions of an organism. Prolonged unresolved physiological stress can affect HOMEOSTASIS of the organism, and may lead to damaging or pathological conditions.Hemiptera: A large order of insects characterized by having the mouth parts adapted to piercing or sucking. It is comprised of four suborders: HETEROPTERA, Auchenorrhyncha, Sternorrhyncha, and Coleorrhyncha.Water: A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Endophytes: An endosymbiont that is either a bacterium or fungus living part of its life in a plant. Endophytes can benefit host plants by preventing pathogenic organisms from colonizing them.Biodiversity: The variety of all native living organisms and their various forms and interrelationships.Solanaceae: A plant family of the order Solanales, subclass Asteridae. Among the most important are POTATOES; TOMATOES; CAPSICUM (green and red peppers); TOBACCO; and BELLADONNA.Adaptation, Physiological: The non-genetic biological changes of an organism in response to challenges in its ENVIRONMENT.Models, Biological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Multigene Family: A set of genes descended by duplication and variation from some ancestral gene. Such genes may be clustered together on the same chromosome or dispersed on different chromosomes. Examples of multigene families include those that encode the hemoglobins, immunoglobulins, histocompatibility antigens, actins, tubulins, keratins, collagens, heat shock proteins, salivary glue proteins, chorion proteins, cuticle proteins, yolk proteins, and phaseolins, as well as histones, ribosomal RNA, and transfer RNA genes. The latter three are examples of reiterated genes, where hundreds of identical genes are present in a tandem array. (King & Stanfield, A Dictionary of Genetics, 4th ed)Bryophyta: A division of the plant kingdom. Bryophyta contains the subdivision, Musci, which contains the classes: Andreaeopsida, BRYOPSIDA, and SPHAGNOPSIDA.Ferns: Seedless nonflowering plants of the class Filicinae. They reproduce by spores that appear as dots on the underside of feathery fronds. In earlier classifications the Pteridophyta included the club mosses, horsetails, ferns, and various fossil groups. In more recent classifications, pteridophytes and spermatophytes (seed-bearing plants) are classified in the Subkingdom Tracheobionta (also known as Tracheophyta).Plant Dispersal: The physical distribution of plants in various forms and stages of development through time and space.Ascomycota: A phylum of fungi which have cross-walls or septa in the mycelium. The perfect state is characterized by the formation of a saclike cell (ascus) containing ascospores. Most pathogenic fungi with a known perfect state belong to this phylum.DNA, Complementary: Single-stranded complementary DNA synthesized from an RNA template by the action of RNA-dependent DNA polymerase. cDNA (i.e., complementary DNA, not circular DNA, not C-DNA) is used in a variety of molecular cloning experiments as well as serving as a specific hybridization probe.Xylem: Plant tissue that carries water up the root and stem. Xylem cell walls derive most of their strength from LIGNIN. The vessels are similar to PHLOEM sieve tubes but lack companion cells and do not have perforated sides and pores.Gibberellins: A class of plant growth hormone isolated from cultures of Gibberella fujikuroi, a fungus causing Bakanae disease in rice. There are many different members of the family as well as mixtures of multiple members; all are diterpenoid acids based on the gibberellane skeleton.Medicago sativa: A plant species of the family FABACEAE widely cultivated for ANIMAL FEED.Gymnosperms: Gymnosperms are a group of vascular plants whose seeds are not enclosed by a ripened ovary (fruit), in contrast to ANGIOSPERMS whose seeds are surrounded by an ovary wall. The seeds of many gymnosperms (literally, "naked seed") are borne in cones and are not visible. Taxonomists now recognize four distinct divisions of extant gymnospermous plants (CONIFEROPHYTA; CYCADOPHYTA; GINKGOPHYTA; and GNETOPHYTA).Nuclear Power Plants: Facilities that convert NUCLEAR ENERGY into electrical energy.Fruit: The fleshy or dry ripened ovary of a plant, enclosing the seed or seeds.Cell Wall: The outermost layer of a cell in most PLANTS; BACTERIA; FUNGI; and ALGAE. The cell wall is usually a rigid structure that lies external to the CELL MEMBRANE, and provides a protective barrier against physical or chemical agents.Plantago: A plant genus of the family Plantaginaceae. The small plants usually have a dense tuft of basal leaves and long, leafless stalks bearing a terminal spike of small flowers. The seeds, known as PSYLLIUM, swell in water and are used as laxatives. The leaves have been used medicinally.Medicine, African Traditional: A system of traditional medicine which is based on the beliefs and practices of the African peoples. It includes treatment by medicinal plants and other materia medica as well as by the ministrations of diviners, medicine men, witch doctors, and sorcerers.Asparagus Plant: A plant genus in the family LILIACEAE (sometimes placed in Asparagaceae) that contains ECDYSTEROIDS and is an ingredient of Siotone. The shoots are used as a vegetable and the roots are used in FOLK MEDICINE.Cotyledon: A part of the embryo in a seed plant. The number of cotyledons is an important feature in classifying plants. In seeds without an endosperm, they store food which is used in germination. In some plants, they emerge above the soil surface and become the first photosynthetic leaves. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)Lamiaceae: The mint plant family. They are characteristically aromatic, and many of them are cultivated for their oils. Most have square stems, opposite leaves, and two-lipped, open-mouthed, tubular corollas (united petals), with five-lobed, bell-like calyxes (united sepals).Ethnopharmacology: The study of the actions and properties of medicinal agents, often derived from PLANTS, indigenous to populations or ETHNIC GROUPS.Soil Microbiology: The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in the soil. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms.Genetic Complementation Test: A test used to determine whether or not complementation (compensation in the form of dominance) will occur in a cell with a given mutant phenotype when another mutant genome, encoding the same mutant phenotype, is introduced into that cell.Cucurbita: A plant genus of the family CUCURBITACEAE, order Violales, subclass Dilleniidae, which includes pumpkin, gourd and squash.Helianthus: A genus herbs of the Asteraceae family. The SEEDS yield oil and are used as food and animal feed; the roots of Helianthus tuberosus (Jerusalem artichoke) are edible.Hypocotyl: The region of the stem beneath the stalks of the seed leaves (cotyledons) and directly above the young root of the embryo plant. It grows rapidly in seedlings showing epigeal germination and lifts the cotyledons above the soil surface. In this region (the transition zone) the arrangement of vascular bundles in the root changes to that of the stem. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)Signal Transduction: The intracellular transfer of information (biological activation/inhibition) through a signal pathway. In each signal transduction system, an activation/inhibition signal from a biologically active molecule (hormone, neurotransmitter) is mediated via the coupling of a receptor/enzyme to a second messenger system or to an ion channel. Signal transduction plays an important role in activating cellular functions, cell differentiation, and cell proliferation. Examples of signal transduction systems are the GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID-postsynaptic receptor-calcium ion channel system, the receptor-mediated T-cell activation pathway, and the receptor-mediated activation of phospholipases. Those coupled to membrane depolarization or intracellular release of calcium include the receptor-mediated activation of cytotoxic functions in granulocytes and the synaptic potentiation of protein kinase activation. Some signal transduction pathways may be part of larger signal transduction pathways; for example, protein kinase activation is part of the platelet activation signal pathway.Agrobacterium: A genus of gram negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria found in soil, plants, and marine mud.Phaseolus: A plant genus in the family FABACEAE which is the source of edible beans and the lectin PHYTOHEMAGGLUTININS.Caulimovirus: A genus of PLANT VIRUSES, in the family CAULIMOVIRIDAE, that are transmitted by APHIDS in a semipersistent manner. Aphid-borne transmission of some caulimoviruses requires certain virus-coded proteins termed transmission factors.Brassica napus: A plant species of the family BRASSICACEAE best known for the edible roots.Medicago truncatula: A plant species of the family FABACEAE used to study GENETICS because it is DIPLOID, self fertile, has a small genome, and short generation time.Host-Parasite Interactions: The relationship between an invertebrate and another organism (the host), one of which lives at the expense of the other. Traditionally excluded from definition of parasites are pathogenic BACTERIA; FUNGI; VIRUSES; and PLANTS; though they may live parasitically.Host-Pathogen Interactions: The interactions between a host and a pathogen, usually resulting in disease.Carbon: A nonmetallic element with atomic symbol C, atomic number 6, and atomic weight [12.0096; 12.0116]. It may occur as several different allotropes including DIAMOND; CHARCOAL; and GRAPHITE; and as SOOT from incompletely burned fuel.Botrytis: A mitosporic Leotiales fungal genus of plant pathogens. It has teleomorphs in the genus Botryotina.Embryophyta: Higher plants that live primarily in terrestrial habitats, although some are secondarily aquatic. Most obtain their energy from PHOTOSYNTHESIS. They comprise the vascular and non-vascular plants.GlucuronidaseLettuce: Any of the various plants of the genus Lactuca, especially L. sativa, cultivated for its edible leaves. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)Oomycetes: Eukaryotes in the group STRAMENOPILES, formerly considered FUNGI, whose exact taxonomic level is unsettled. Many consider Oomycetes (Oomycota) a phylum in the kingdom Stramenopila, or alternatively, as Pseudofungi in the phylum Heterokonta of the kingdom Chromista. They are morphologically similar to fungi but have no close phylogenetic relationship to them. Oomycetes are found in both fresh and salt water as well as in terrestrial environments. (Alexopoulos et al., Introductory Mycology, 4th ed, pp683-4). They produce flagellated, actively motile spores (zoospores) that are pathogenic to many crop plants and FISHES.DNA Primers: Short sequences (generally about 10 base pairs) of DNA that are complementary to sequences of messenger RNA and allow reverse transcriptases to start copying the adjacent sequences of mRNA. Primers are used extensively in genetic and molecular biology techniques.Sitosterols: A family of sterols commonly found in plants and plant oils. Alpha-, beta-, and gamma-isomers have been characterized.Acclimatization: Adaptation to a new environment or to a change in the old.Daucus carota: A plant species of the family APIACEAE that is widely cultivated for the edible yellow-orange root. The plant has finely divided leaves and flat clusters of small white flowers.Gene Expression Profiling: The determination of the pattern of genes expressed at the level of GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION, under specific circumstances or in a specific cell.Euphorbiaceae: The spurge family of flowering plants, in the order Euphorbiales, contains some 7,500 species in 275 genera. The family consists of annual and perennial herbs and woody shrubs or trees.Agriculture: The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.Introduced Species: Non-native organisms brought into a region, habitat, or ECOSYSTEM by human activity.Reproduction: The total process by which organisms produce offspring. (Stedman, 25th ed)Cucurbitaceae: The gourd plant family of the order Violales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida. It is sometimes placed in its own order, Cucurbitales. 'Melon' generally refers to CUCUMIS; CITRULLUS; or MOMORDICA.Genetic Variation: Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.Photoreceptors, Plant: Plant proteins that mediate LIGHT SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION. They are involved in PHOTOTROPISM and other light adaption responses during plant growth and development . They include the phototropins, phytochromes (PHYTOCHROME), and members of the ubiquitous cryptochrome family.Thymus Plant: A plant genus of the family LAMIACEAE best known for the thyme spice added to foods.Fusarium: A mitosporic Hypocreales fungal genus, various species of which are important parasitic pathogens of plants and a variety of vertebrates. Teleomorphs include GIBBERELLA.Anthocyanins: A group of FLAVONOIDS derived from FLAVONOLS, which lack the ketone oxygen at the 4-position. They are glycosylated versions of cyanidin, pelargonidin or delphinidin. The conjugated bonds result in blue, red, and purple colors in flowers of plants.Sorghum: A plant genus of the family POACEAE. The grain is used for FOOD and for ANIMAL FEED. This should not be confused with KAFFIR LIME or with KEFIR milk product.Herbicides: Pesticides used to destroy unwanted vegetation, especially various types of weeds, grasses (POACEAE), and woody plants. Some plants develop HERBICIDE RESISTANCE.Carbohydrate Metabolism: Cellular processes in biosynthesis (anabolism) and degradation (catabolism) of CARBOHYDRATES.Bacterial Proteins: Proteins found in any species of bacterium.Conserved Sequence: A sequence of amino acids in a polypeptide or of nucleotides in DNA or RNA that is similar across multiple species. A known set of conserved sequences is represented by a CONSENSUS SEQUENCE. AMINO ACID MOTIFS are often composed of conserved sequences.Araceae: A plant family of the order Arales, subclass Arecidae, class Liliopsida (monocot). Many members contain OXALIC ACID and calcium oxalate (OXALATES).Nitrogen Fixation: The process in certain BACTERIA; FUNGI; and CYANOBACTERIA converting free atmospheric NITROGEN to biologically usable forms of nitrogen, such as AMMONIA; NITRATES; and amino compounds.Fragaria: A plant genus of the family ROSACEAE known for the edible fruit.Ribulose-Bisphosphate Carboxylase: A carboxy-lyase that plays a key role in photosynthetic carbon assimilation in the CALVIN-BENSON CYCLE by catalyzing the formation of 3-phosphoglycerate from ribulose 1,5-biphosphate and CARBON DIOXIDE. It can also utilize OXYGEN as a substrate to catalyze the synthesis of 2-phosphoglycolate and 3-phosphoglycerate in a process referred to as photorespiration.Glucosinolates: Substituted thioglucosides. They are found in rapeseed (Brassica campestris) products and related cruciferae. They are metabolized to a variety of toxic products which are most likely the cause of hepatocytic necrosis in animals and humans.Lignin: The most abundant natural aromatic organic polymer found in all vascular plants. Lignin together with cellulose and hemicellulose are the major cell wall components of the fibers of all wood and grass species. Lignin is composed of coniferyl, p-coumaryl, and sinapyl alcohols in varying ratios in different plant species. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)Beetles: INSECTS of the order Coleoptera, containing over 350,000 species in 150 families. They possess hard bodies and their mouthparts are adapted for chewing.Gametogenesis, Plant: The process of germ cell development in plants, from the primordial PLANT GERM CELLS to the mature haploid PLANT GAMETES.Mutagenesis, Insertional: Mutagenesis where the mutation is caused by the introduction of foreign DNA sequences into a gene or extragenic sequence. This may occur spontaneously in vivo or be experimentally induced in vivo or in vitro. Proviral DNA insertions into or adjacent to a cellular proto-oncogene can interrupt GENETIC TRANSLATION of the coding sequences or interfere with recognition of regulatory elements and cause unregulated expression of the proto-oncogene resulting in tumor formation.Resins, Plant: Flammable, amorphous, vegetable products of secretion or disintegration, usually formed in special cavities of plants. They are generally insoluble in water and soluble in alcohol, carbon tetrachloride, ether, or volatile oils. They are fusible and have a conchoidal fracture. They are the oxidation or polymerization products of the terpenes, and are mixtures of aromatic acids and esters. Most are soft and sticky, but harden after exposure to cold. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed & Dorland, 28th ed)Basidiomycota: A phylum of fungi that produce their sexual spores (basidiospores) on the outside of the basidium. It includes forms commonly known as mushrooms, boletes, puffballs, earthstars, stinkhorns, bird's-nest fungi, jelly fungi, bracket or shelf fungi, and rust and smut fungi.Salinity: Degree of saltiness, which is largely the OSMOLAR CONCENTRATION of SODIUM CHLORIDE plus any other SALTS present. It is an ecological factor of considerable importance, influencing the types of organisms that live in an ENVIRONMENT.Darkness: The absence of light.Gene Silencing: Interruption or suppression of the expression of a gene at transcriptional or translational levels.Sodium Chloride: A ubiquitous sodium salt that is commonly used to season food.Pectins: High molecular weight polysaccharides present in the cell walls of all plants. Pectins cement cell walls together. They are used as emulsifiers and stabilizers in the food industry. They have been tried for a variety of therapeutic uses including as antidiarrheals, where they are now generally considered ineffective, and in the treatment of hypercholesterolemia.DNA, Bacterial: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of bacteria.Bacteria: One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.RNA, Messenger: RNA sequences that serve as templates for protein synthesis. Bacterial mRNAs are generally primary transcripts in that they do not require post-transcriptional processing. Eukaryotic mRNA is synthesized in the nucleus and must be exported to the cytoplasm for translation. Most eukaryotic mRNAs have a sequence of polyadenylic acid at the 3' end, referred to as the poly(A) tail. The function of this tail is not known for certain, but it may play a role in the export of mature mRNA from the nucleus as well as in helping stabilize some mRNA molecules by retarding their degradation in the cytoplasm.Vicia faba: A plant species of the genus VICIA, family FABACEAE. The edible beans are well known but they cause FAVISM in some individuals with GLUCOSEPHOSPHATE DEHYDROGENASE DEFICIENCY. This plant contains vicine, convicine, Vicia lectins, unknown seed protein, AAP2 transport protein, and Vicia faba DNA-binding protein 1.Mesophyll Cells: Large and highly vacuolated cells possessing many chloroplasts occuring in the interior cross-section of leaves, juxtaposed between the epidermal layers.Environment: The external elements and conditions which surround, influence, and affect the life and development of an organism or population.Phytochrome: A blue-green biliprotein widely distributed in the plant kingdom.Selaginellaceae: A plant family of the order Selaginellales, class Lycopodiopsida, division Lycopodiophyta, subkingdom Tracheobionta. Members contain bilobetin. The rarely used common name of resurrection plant is mainly used with CRATEROSTIGMA.Transcription Factors: Endogenous substances, usually proteins, which are effective in the initiation, stimulation, or termination of the genetic transcription process.Liliaceae: A monocot family within the order Liliales. This family is divided by some botanists into other families such as Convallariaceae, Hyacinthaceae and Amaryllidaceae. Amaryllidaceae, which have inferior ovaries, includes CRINUM; GALANTHUS; LYCORIS; and NARCISSUS and are known for AMARYLLIDACEAE ALKALOIDS.Fertilizers: Substances or mixtures that are added to the soil to supply nutrients or to make available nutrients already present in the soil, in order to increase plant growth and productivity.Salt-Tolerance: The ability of organisms to sense and adapt to high concentrations of salt in their growth environment.Expressed Sequence Tags: Partial cDNA (DNA, COMPLEMENTARY) sequences that are unique to the cDNAs from which they were derived.Recombinant Fusion Proteins: Recombinant proteins produced by the GENETIC TRANSLATION of fused genes formed by the combination of NUCLEIC ACID REGULATORY SEQUENCES of one or more genes with the protein coding sequences of one or more genes.Genetic Engineering: Directed modification of the gene complement of a living organism by such techniques as altering the DNA, substituting genetic material by means of a virus, transplanting whole nuclei, transplanting cell hybrids, etc.Citrus: A plant genus of the family RUTACEAE. They bear the familiar citrus fruits including oranges, grapefruit, lemons, and limes. There are many hybrids which makes the nomenclature confusing.Inflorescence: A cluster of FLOWERS (as opposed to a solitary flower) arranged on a main stem of a plant.
C-fiber depletion alters response properties of neurons in trigeminal nucleus principalis. (1/9363)The effects of C-fiber depletion induced by neonatal capsaicin treatment on the functional properties of vibrissa-sensitive low-threshold mechanoreceptive (LTM) neurons in the rat trigeminal nucleus principalis were examined in adult rats. Neonatal rats were injected either with capsaicin or its vehicle within 48 h of birth. The depletion of unmyelinated afferents was confirmed by the significant decrease in plasma extravasation of Evan's blue dye induced in the hindlimb skin of capsaicin-treated rats by cutaneous application of mustard oil and by the significant decrease of unmyelinated fibers in both the sciatic and infraorbital nerves. The mechanoreceptive field (RF) and response properties of 31 vibrissa-sensitive neurons in capsaicin-treated rats were compared with those of 32 vibrissa-sensitive neurons in control (untreated or vehicle-treated) rats. The use of electronically controlled mechanical stimuli allowed quantitative analysis of response properties of vibrissa-sensitive neurons; these included the number of center- and surround-RF vibrissae within the RF (i.e., those vibrissae which when stimulated elicited >/=1 and <1 action potential per stimulus, respectively), the response magnitude and latency, and the selectivity of responses to stimulation of vibrissae in different directions with emphasis on combining both the response magnitude and direction of vibrissal deflection in a vector analysis. Neonatal capsaicin treatment was associated with significant increases in the total number of vibrissae, in the number of center-RF vibrissae per neuronal RF, and in the percentage of vibrissa-sensitive neurons that also responded to stimulation of other types of orofacial tissues. Compared with control rats, capsaicin-treated rats showed significant increases in the response magnitude to stimulation of surround-RF vibrissae as well as in response latency variability to stimulation of both center- and surround-RF vibrissae. C-fiber depletion also significantly altered the directional selectivity of responses to stimulation of vibrissae. For neurons with multiple center-RF vibrissae, the proportion of center-RF vibrissae with net vector responses oriented toward the same quadrant was significantly less in capsaicin-treated compared with control rats. These changes in the functional properties of principalis vibrissa-sensitive neurons associated with marked depletion of C-fiber afferents are consistent with similarly induced alterations in LTM neurons studied at other levels of the rodent somatosensory system, and indeed may contribute to alterations previously described in the somatosensory cortex of adult rodents. Furthermore, these results provide additional support to the view that C fibers may have an important role in shaping the functional properties of LTM neurons in central somatosensory pathways. (+info)
Pharmacological studies on root bark of mulberry tree (Morus alba L.) (2/9363)Pharmacological studies were done on the root bark of mulberry tree and pharmacological effects were compared with the clinical effects of "Sohakuhi" in Chinese medicine. n-Butanol- and water-soluble fractions of mulberry root had similar effects except for those on the cadiovascular system. Both fractions showed cathartic, analgesic, diuretic, antitussive, antiedema, sedative, anticonvulsant, and hypotensive actions in mice, rats, guinea pigs and dogs. There appears to be a correlation between the experimental pharmacological results and the clinical applications of mulberry root found in the literature on Chinese medicine. (+info)
Influence of tangeretin on tamoxifen's therapeutic benefit in mammary cancer. (3/9363)BACKGROUND: Tamoxifen and the citrus flavonoid tangeretin exhibit similar inhibitory effects on the growth and invasive properties of human mammary cancer cells in vitro; furthermore, the two agents have displayed additive effects in vitro. In this study, we examined whether tangeretin would enhance tamoxifen's therapeutic benefit in vivo. METHODS: Female nude mice (n = 80) were inoculated subcutaneously with human MCF-7/6 mammary adenocarcinoma cells. Groups of 20 mice were treated orally by adding the following substances to their drinking water: tamoxifen (3 x 10(-5) M), tangeretin (1 x 10(-4) M), tamoxifen plus tangeretin (3 x 10(-5) M plus 1 x 10(-4) M), or solvent. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: Oral treatment of mice with tamoxifen resulted in a statistically significant inhibition of tumor growth compared with solvent treatment (two-sided P = .001). Treatment with tangeretin did not inhibit tumor growth, and addition of this compound to drinking water with tamoxifen completely neutralized tamoxifen's inhibitory effect. The median survival time of tumor-bearing mice treated with tamoxifen plus tangeretin was reduced in comparison with that of mice treated with tamoxifen alone (14 versus 56 weeks; two-sided P = .002). Tangeretin (1 x 10(-6) M or higher) inhibited the cytolytic effect of murine natural killer cells on MCF-7/6 cells in vitro, which may explain why tamoxifen-induced inhibition of tumor growth in mice is abolished when tangeretin is present in drinking water. IMPLICATIONS: We describe an in vivo model to study potential interference of dietary compounds, such as flavonoids, with tamoxifen, which could lead to reduced efficacy of adjuvant therapy. In our study, the tumor growth-inhibiting effect of oral tamoxifen was reversed upon addition of tangeretin to the diet. Our data argue against excessive consumption of tangeretin-added products and supplements by patients with mammary cancer during tamoxifen treatment. (+info)
Screening of Korean forest plants for rat lens aldose reductase inhibition. (4/9363)Naturally occurring substances which can prevent and treat diabetic complications were sought by examining ethanol extracts prepared from Korean forest plants for their inhibitory effects on rat lens aldose reductase activity in vitro. Among the plants examined, Acer ginnala, Illicium religiosum and Cornus macrophylla exerted the most strong inhibitory activity on aldose reductase. (+info)
Extraction and analysis of cosmetic active ingredients from an anti-cellulitis transdermal delivery system by high-performance liquid chromatography. (5/9363)A new transdermal delivery system that controls cellulitis is evaluated using reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with photodiode array detection. An extraction procedure and the validation of the analytical method to assay the active excipients from the Centella asiatica plant (asiaticoside, madacessic acid, and asiatic acid) are described. Excellent results ae obtained in terms of linearity, accuracy, and specificity of the analytical method. (+info)
Antagonistic effects of extract from leaves of ginkgo biloba on glutamate neurotoxicity. (6/9363)AIM: To determine whether the extract of leaves of Ginkgo biloba L (EGb) and several active constituents of EGb have protective effects against glutamate (Glu)-induced neuronal damage. METHODS: Microscopy and image analysis of nucleus areas in the arcuate nuclei (AN) of mice were made. The neuronal viability in primary cultures from mouse cerebral cortex was assessed using MTT [3-(4, 5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2, 5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide] staining and the intracellular free calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i) of single neuron was measured using Fura-2. RESULTS: EGb (2.5 mg.L-1) and its constituent ginkgolide B (Gin B, 2 mg.L-1) protected the neuronal viability against Glu-induced injury, and prevented the Glu-induced elevation in [Ca2+]i. EGb (3-10 mg.kg-1) attenuated the decrease of nucleus areas in arcuate nuclei induced by Glu (1 g.kg-1, s.c.). CONCLUSION: EGb and Gin B prevent neurons from Glu neurotoxicity through reduction of the rise in [Ca2+]i. (+info)
Tobacco BY-2 cell-free extracts induce the recovery of microtubule nucleating activity of inactivated mammalian centrosomes. (7/9363)The structure and the molecular composition of the microtubule-organizing centers in acentriolar higher plant cells remain unknown. We developed an in vitro complementation assay where tobacco BY-2 extracts can restore the microtubule-nucleating activity of urea-inactivated mammalian centrosomes. Our results provide first evidence that soluble microtubule-nucleating factors are present in the plant cytosolic fraction. The implication for microtubule nucleation in higher plants is discussed. (+info)
The hemolytic activity of bracken extracts in guinea pigs. (8/9363)This study was conducted to elucidate the hemolytic activity of a new toxic substance in bracken fern. A crude extract (CE) was prepared from the methanol extracts of bracken by the column chromatography. When the CE was injected subcutaneously in guinea pigs, the hemoglobinuria and hemolysis were observed within 6 hr, and 3 days later edema and hemorrhages in the urinary bladder were observed. The CE was then fractionated by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), and three (HF, BF and CF) of the fractions showed the toxic activities in guinea pigs. The HF caused the hemolysis, whereas both the BF and the CF caused the hemorrhagic cystitis without any hemolytic activities. The HF was further fractionated by the HPLC, resulting of the 3 fractions (HF-I, II and III). The hemolysis was caused only with the HF-II, and HF-II as well as HF did not cause the hemorrhagic cystitis. HPLC analysis revealed that both BF and CF contains braxin B and braxin C, respectively, and both HF and HF-II do not contain braxin A, B or C. These facts suggest that bracken fern contains a new toxic substance (hemolysin) which induces the acute hemolysis in guinea pigs. (+info)
Development and Evaluation of Antipyretic and Antinociceptive Activity of Polyherbal Formulation Containing Some Indigenous...
Abstract: In the present study, it was envisaged to prepare three polyherbal formulations (F1, F2 and F3) containing leaves of Solanum xanthocarpum and Andrographis paniculata, rhizomes of Curcuma longa and stem of Tinospora cordifolia in varying ratio and evaluating the polyherbal formulations for the antipyretic and antinociceptive activities. The antipyretic activity of methanol extracts (MF1, MF2 and MF3) and aqueous extracts (AF1, AF2 and AF3) of polyherbal formulation were studied in Brewer s yeast induced pyrexia in mice. The antinociceptive activity of methanol and aqueous extracts of polyherbal formulation were studied using Eddy s hot plate method and tail flick method in mice. The polyherbal formulation of all extracts showed significant reduction in the elevated body temperature of rat which was compared with standard paracetamol. The extract of polyherbal formulation produced significant increase in the reaction time by Eddy s hot plate method and tail flick method in mice which was ...
study Study of the Hepatoprotective Activity of Polyherbal Formulation on Alcohol Induced Hepatotoxicity | Journal of...
Many traditional systems of medicines employ herbal drugs for the hepatoprotection. Aim of the study was designed to evaluate the hepatoprotective potential of polyherbal formulation against alcohol induced hepatotoxicity in wistar albino rats. Group I animals were treated with 1% CMC for 18 days. Group II, III and IV animals were treated with 1% CMC, polyherbal formulation 180mg/kg/day and silymarin 100mg/kg/day respectively for 18 days and then orally administration with ethanol 3.76 g/kg/day simultaneously for 18 days. After 24 hours of last dosing, the blood was obtained through retro-orbital plexus under light anaesthesia and the animals were sacrificed. Hepatoprotective potential was assessed by various biochemical parameters such as AST, ALT, ALP, LDH, bilirubin, cholesterol, TG and thiopentone sodium induced sleep time. Group III rats showed significant (p,0.01) decrease in AST, ALT, ALP, LDH, bilirubin, cholesterol, TG, liver weight(wt.) and relative liver wt. levels while significant ...
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Measurement of volatile plant compounds in field ambient air by thermal desorption-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry - PubAg
Determination of volatile plant compounds in field ambient air is important to understand chemical communication between plants and insects and will aid the development of semiochemicals from plants for pest control. In this study, a thermal desorption-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (TD-GC-MS) method was developed to measure ultra-trace levels of volatile plant compounds in field ambient air. The desorption parameters of TD, including sorbent tube material, tube desorption temperature, desorption time, and cold trap temperature, were selected and optimized. In GC-MS analysis, the selected ion monitoring mode was used for enhanced sensitivity and selectivity. This method was sufficiently sensitive to detect part-per-trillion levels of volatile plant compounds in field ambient air. Laboratory and field evaluation revealed that the method presented high precision and accuracy. Field studies indicated that the background odor of tea plantations contained some common volatile plant compounds, ...
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Jundishapur Journal of Natural Pharmaceutical Products | Anti-Oxidant, Anti-Malarial, and Phytochemical Studies on Muscari...
As the first biological and phytochemical study of M. inconstrictum, we evaluated the anti-oxidant and anti-malarial activities of n-hexane, chloroform, methanolic extracts with different polarities, and the most potent VLC fractions of the bulbs of M. inconstrictum. Furthermore, the chemical components of the liquid essential oil, the potent anti-oxidant fractions, and the strongest fraction in the anti-malarial assay were identified by the GC-MS. Furthermore, other preliminary phytochemical tests were performed for confirmation of the existence of several structural groups.. According to obtained results (Table 1), chloroform extract with RC50 value of 0.046 ± 0.005 mg/mL was the most potent anti-oxidant extract and methanolic (RC50 = 0.028 ± 0.002 mg/mL), 80% ethyl acetate/n-hexane (RC50: 0.034 ± 0.005 mg/mL), and 100% ethyl acetate/n-hexane (RC50 = 0.038 ± 0.007 mg/mL) VLC fractions of chloroform extract were the strongest fractions, in the order of their appearance. In comparison, ...
Anti-diabetic Activity Of Polyherbal Formulation Containing Some Bitter Plant Constituents In Alloxan Induced Diabetic Rats
Preliminary phytochemical screening and evaluation of antibacterial activity of Dichrocepala integrifolia (L.f) O. kuntze - ...
Conclusion and Recommendation: In general the antimicrobial activity of the plant observed here support the tradition therapeutic claim of the society. Further study should be conducted in further evaluating its antimicrobial effectiveness and also purification of the active chemical constituents that could be responsible for its biological activity.. Key words: Antibacterial activity, phytochemical screening, disc diffusion, broth dilution, Dichrocepala integrifolia ...
Estimation of total phenolic and flavonoid content of polyherbal formulation dashang lepa - ABIM - An Annotated Bibliography...
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Therapeutic properties of DNA-based fibroblast and dendritic cell vaccines in mice with squamous carcinoma<...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Therapeutic properties of DNA-based fibroblast and dendritic cell vaccines in mice with squamous carcinoma. AU - O-Sullivan, Insug. AU - Kim, Tae Sung. AU - Chopra, Amla. AU - Cohen, Edward P.. PY - 2006/3. Y1 - 2006/3. N2 - Background: Dendritic cells (DC) express class I/II MHC-determinants and co-stimulatory molecules required for T cell activation. In a mouse model of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), we compared the immunogenic properties of allogeneic DNA-based fibroblast vaccines, which are taken up and processed by DC of the host, and syngeneic DNA-based DC vaccines, which present antigens directly. The incentive was the important practical advantages of using fibroblasts rather than DC in generating vaccines for the immunotherapy of SCC. Materials and Methods: The fibroblast vaccine was prepared by transfer of genomic DNA-fragments (25 kb) from relatively small numbers (107=64 mm3 tumor) of SCCVII/SF cells into LM cells, a mouse fibroblast cell line (H-2k). SCCVII/SF cells ...
Assessment of VAC-3S Therapeutic Properties When Combined With Standard ART in the Course of HIV-1 Infection | AIDSinfo
Phospholipid Complex Technique for Superior Bioavailability of Phytoconstituents - Semantic Scholar
Phytoconstituents have been utilized as medicines for thousands of years, yet their application is limited owing to major hurdles like deficit lipid solubility, large molecular size and degradation in the gastric environment of gut. Recently, phospholipid-complex technique has unveiled in addressing these stumbling blocks either by enhancing the solubilizing capacity or its potentiating ability to pass through the biological membranes and it also protects the active herbal components from degradation. Hence, this phospholipid-complex-technique can enable researchers to deliver the phytoconstituents into systemic circulation by using certain conventional dosage forms like tablets and capsules. This review highlights the unique property of phospholipids in drug delivery, their role as adjuvant in health benefits, and their application in the herbal medicine systems to improve the bioavailability of active herbal components. Also we summarize the prerequisites for phytosomes preparation like the selection
What is it? / Essiac / Herbal products / CAM-Cancer
According to Renée Caisse, an English miners wife had received the recipe for Essiac from a Native Ojibwa Indian medicine man, and had cured her breast cancer with this treatment. Renée Caisse, who worked at the Bracebridge Cancer Clinic in Ontario, Canada from 1935 to 1941, treated cancer patients with Essiac herbal tea for 50 years.. In 1938, concerns about the use of Essiac were raised, after evidence of one reported death and one report of toxicity after Essiac tea injections emerged4,5. In 1941, the Bracebridge Cancer Clinic was closed following a request by the Canadian authorities. Between 1959 and 1978 Caisse worked with Dr Charles Armao Brusch, director of the Brusch Medical Clinic in Cambridge, Massachusetts, in the US, to modify the original recipe and promote the use of Essiac. After carrying out some laboratory studies on mice, four further herbs were added to the recipe (see above) to improve the healing action and taste of Essiac. In 1977 Mrs Caisse sold the original Essiac ...
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Natural Plant Extracts - Herbal extracts manufacturer, pure herbs supplier, herbal extracts China, pure herbal extracts, herbal extracts supplier, herbal extracts manufacturers, herb extracts manufacturer, pure herbal extracts, medicinal herb extracts, herbal extracts manufacturer, pure herb extracts, liquid herbal extracts, medicinal herbal extracts, herbal medicines, herbal extract manufacturer, herbal medicine raw supplier, plant supplier,Vegetable Extract,Fruit Extract,Mushroom Extract,Spices Powder,atural plant extracts exporters, herbal extraction plant exporters, powder manufacturing plant suppliers,chinese natural herbs from China,we have built trust with our customers the same way we produce our herbal extracts with responsible social and environmental policies, meticulous attention to detail and ethical business practices.Our competence lies in manufacturing herbal veterinary products, standardized herbal extracts, and herbal supplements.
Broccoli Powder-Plant Extract | Plant Extract Manufacturer | Plant Extract Supplier | Plant Extract Experts | Natural Plant...
Natural Plant Extracts - Herbal extracts manufacturer, pure herbs supplier, herbal extracts China, pure herbal extracts, herbal extracts supplier, herbal extracts manufacturers, herb extracts manufacturer, pure herbal extracts, medicinal herb extracts, herbal extracts manufacturer, pure herb extracts, liquid herbal extracts, medicinal herbal extracts, herbal medicines, herbal extract manufacturer, herbal medicine raw supplier, plant supplier,Vegetable Extract,Fruit Extract,Mushroom Extract,Spices Powder,atural plant extracts exporters, herbal extraction plant exporters, powder manufacturing plant suppliers,chinese natural herbs from China,we have built trust with our customers the same way we produce our herbal extracts with responsible social and environmental policies, meticulous attention to detail and ethical business practices.Our competence lies in manufacturing herbal veterinary products, standardized herbal extracts, and herbal supplements.
Antioxidant properties of natural plant extracts containing polyphenolic compounds in cooked ground beef - GeoScience.net
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Biologic Activities of Lysimachiae Herba II-Analgesic and antiinflammatory effects of ethyl acetate fraction and a phenyl...
The methanolic extract of Lysimachiae christinae Herba, which has been used for diuretic, calculi remover and jaundice remedy in oriental countries, was found to possess analgesic and antiinflammatory effect in Freunds complete adjuvant treated rat. From ethyl acetate fraction of the herb a phenyl ...
Anti-inflammatory Effects on 80% Ethanol Extract and Ethyl Acetate Fraction of Acrosorium yendoi Yamada in Murine Macrophage...
Pharmacological basis for the medicinal use of polyherbal formulation and its ingredients in cardiovascular disorders using...
Administration of POL4 to rats caused a dose-dependent (1-100 mg/kg) fall in mean arterial pressure (MAP) with maximum effect of 85.33 ± 1.76% at 100 mg/kg, similar to the effect of verapamil. All ingredients of POL4 also decreased blood pressure with varying efficacy in following order Ns.Cr ≅ Ci.Cr > Tfg.Cr > Gs.Cr. In rat aortic preparations, POL4 and its ingredients inhibited K(+) (80 mM)-induced contractions, Ci.Cr was the most potent followed by Ns.Cr > Tfg.Cr > Gs.Cr ≅ POL4. Against phenylephrine (P.E) contractions, Ci.Cr and Tfg.Cr exhibited complete relaxation, while POL4.Cr, Gs.Cr and Ns.Cr showed vasomodulatory effect. The Ca(++) antagonist activity was confirmed when POL4 and its ingredients shifted Ca(++) concentrations-response curves to the right in a manner similar to that of verapamil. On baseline of rat aorta, the parent formulation and its ingredients (except Tfg.Cr) exhibited partially phentolamine (1 μM)-sensitive vasoconstriction.. CONCLUSION ...
OPUS Würzburg | Search
Background: According to only a handful of historical sources, Osmunda regalis, the royal fern, has been used already in the middle age as an anti-cancer remedy. To examine this ancient cancer cure, an ethanolic extract of the roots was prepared and analysed in vitro on its effectiveness against head and neck cancer cell lines. Methods: Proliferation inhibition was measured with the MTT assay. Invasion inhibition was tested in a spheroid-based 3-D migration assay on different extracellular matrix surfaces. Corresponding changes in gene expression were analysed by qRT-PCR array. Induction of apoptosis was measured by fluorescence activated cell sorting (FACS) with the Annexin V binding method. The plant extract was analysed by preliminary phytochemical tests, liquid chromatography/mass spectroscopy (LC-MS) and thin layer chromatography (TLC). Anti-angiogenetic activity was determined by the tube formation assay. Results: O. regalis extract revealed a growth inhibiting effect on the head and neck ...
UBBIO] PREMIUM PROPOLIS 2430 120 SOFTGEL CAPS | Onlynewzealand
DIRECTION Take one or two capsules daily as a dietary food supplement or as professionally advised. INGREDIENTSPropolis Dry Extract (6:1)………….........……….400mg Equiv. to Fresh Propolis Dry Extract... 2,430mg CAUTIONS During pregnancy or lactation, consult a healthcare practitioner before use. Discontinue use if unusual symptoms occur. Keep out of reach of children. STORAGE Keep it sealed and store in a dry & cool place.Do not take if cap ring or seal under is broken or missing. PRODUCT DETAILKey Features & Benefits: Propolis is a natural mixture produced by honey bees from a few substances they collect from plants and this contains therapeutic properties that they use it not only to protect the beehives but also to treat all kinds of unwanted health conditions. It has therapeutic properties known as FLAVONOID that protects and treat from degenerative disease and unwanted health conditions. Propolis is widely used in dentistry and various researches have been carried
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Hyperglycemic Patients Benefit from a Natural Plant Extract
Thoroughwax: therapeutic properties and contraindications. - Health Tips
With such a composition, therapeutic thoroughwax has a number of contraindications.It is absolutely not suitable for patients with ulcer disease and gastric acidity.. If people have allergies, it can be used only after thoroughwax consult a physician and under his supervision.Organism allergic person can not perceive the chemical composition of plants, which will cause great shock.. Also it is contraindicated in pregnant women and nursing mothers.Reaction pregnant at this plant is unpredictable due to a number of hormonal changes in the body.The child who is fed breast milk, may respond to receiving mother thoroughwax allergic reaction.. ...
Balance Naturals Plant Protein
Pala-Tech Pala-ZYMES Granules For Dogs & Cats l Natural Plant Digestive Enzymes | Medi-Vet
AllAboutFeed - Natural plant extracts can reduce dairy farm odours and feed costs
Wastewater Odor Control Natural Plant Extracts Help to Remove Smell Manufacturers and Suppliers China - Factory Price -...
what are the benefits of natural plants
Muscle Nation | 100% Natural Plant Based Protein | MVMNT LMTD
Quality Assurance and Quality Control for African Natural Plant Products from the Ground Up
yTrolox equivalent antioxidant capacity, mg Trolox/g tea (Trolox is a water soluble analogue of vitamin E).. Problems were identified that would limit the availability or acceptability of African bush teas and recommendations for the solution were developed. Numerous field trips were taken to educate and train participating farmers in the Republic of South Africa on how to propagate, harvest, dry, and send products to potential customers, based on the established methods. Information was disseminated regarding total microbial counts or methods of avoiding contaminations during harvesting, processing, and packaging of the products. Lack of well-trained African partners who understand the issues of quality and standards for the preparation of the raw material from the ground up was another problem that was identified during this work. In addition, the participants in the program were able to learn by participation in the construction of the basic standard operation procedures (SOPs) for tracking ...
Influenza Management With Polyherbal Formulation - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov
At least 1 each of the following general and respiratory symptoms associated with influenza is present with a severity of moderate or greater: i. General symptoms (headache, feverishness or chills, muscle or joint pain, or fatigue) ii. Respiratory symptoms (cough, sore throat, or nasal congestion) Rapid diagnostic test, PCR, or viral culture positive for influenza in the 96 hours prior to first ...
Phytomedicine ~ BIOSCIENCE EDUCATION
The variability of the constituents in herbs or herbal preparations due to genetic, cultural and environmental factors has made the use of herbal medicines more challenging than it would necessarily have been. For instance, the availability and quality of the raw materials are frequently problematic, the active principles are diverse and may be unknown, and quality of different batches of preparation may be difficult to control and ascertain. In most countries, herbal products are launched into the market without proper scientific evaluation, and without any mandatory safety and toxicological studies. There is no effective machinery to regulate manufacturing practices and quality standards. Consumers can buy herbal products without a prescription and might not recognize the potential hazards in an inferior product. A well-defined and constant composition of the drug is therefore, one of the most important prerequisites for the production of a quality drug. Given the nature of products of plant ...
Anti Diabetes Mellitus Plants Active Principles Mechanisms Of Action And Sustainable Utilization 2017
In Bulgarien anti diabetes mellitus plants active principles mechanisms of action and sustainable utilization 2017 handbook Umfang world plot; tü dossier Partei des Landes. Anfang comments Jahres language; tzte Ankara adulthood Grü ndung der DOST-Partei von Lü tfi Mestan, dem im Zuge der Ereignisse vom 24. November anti diabetes mellitus plants active principles mechanisms of action and sustainable utilization; request Parteichef der DPS.
What Are Terpenes? - CBD Snapshot
For quite some time, CBD isolate was thought to be better because of its high level of purity (up to 99-plus percent). The idea was that you get a higher concentration of CBD in smaller amounts, which makes for a more effective oil. Then in 1998, Israeli researchers discovered something called the entourage effect, a concept referring to the way in which different plant compounds such as cannabinoids, terpenes and flavonoids work together in such a way that their combined effect is larger than that of each individual compound.. In the context of cannabinoids and terpenes, one way in which these plant compounds work together synergistically is the way that each of these hit different receptors and cellular pathways within the body. Say, for instance, that you are suffering from inflammation, the cannabinoids will interact with the endocannabinoid system as well as various CB1 and CB2 receptors throughout the body; the terpenes will have a different set of targets.. Scientists also found that ...
Most recent papers with the keyword aort | Read by QxMD
Multiple myeloma (MM) is a clonal B-cell malignancy characterized by an accumulation of clonal plasma cells (PC) in the bone marrow (BM) leading to bone destruction and BM failure. Despite recent advances in pharmacological therapy, MM remains a largely incurable pathology. Therefore, novel effective and less toxic agents are urgently necessary. In the last few years, pomegranate has been studied for its potential therapeutic properties including treatment and prevention of cancer. Pomegranate juice (PGJ) contains a number of potential active compounds including organic acids, vitamins, sugars, and phenolic components that are all responsible of the pro-apoptotic effects observed in tumor cell line ...
Screening for Antifungal Activity | SpringerLink
Health Benefits of the Cat's Whiskers Plant
ESSIAC Products Reviews - eVitamins Australia
Chinese Plant Compound Wipes out Cancer in 40 Days, Says New Research
Exploiting the plant secretory pathway to improve the anti-cancer activity of a plant-derived HPV16 E7 vaccine<...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Exploiting the plant secretory pathway to improve the anti-cancer activity of a plant-derived HPV16 E7 vaccine. AU - Franconi, R.. AU - Massa, S.. AU - Illiano, E.. AU - Muller, A.. AU - Cirilli, A.. AU - Accardi, L.. AU - Di Bonito, P.. AU - Giorgi, C.. AU - Venuti, A.. PY - 2006/1. Y1 - 2006/1. N2 - The human papillomavirus 16 (HPV16) E7 oncoprotein can be considered a tumor-specific antigen and, therefore, it represents a promising target for a therapeutic vaccine against HPV-associated tumors. Efficient production of E7 protein with a plant-based transient expression system has been already described and it was demonstrated that E7-containing crude plant extracts confer partial protection against tumor challenge in a mouse model system. Before adopting the plant-based system as a cost-effective method for the production of an E7-based anti-cancer vaccine, some aspects, such as the oncoprotein yield, need further investigation. In the present study, we report the transient ...
Bioline International Official Site (site up-dated regularly)
Materials and Methods: Thirty male Sprague-Dawley rats, 170-190 grams were divided into 6 groups, A to F and treated with distilled water (DW) for the period of 8 weeks (positive control group A), ethanol for 2 weeks followed with DW for 6 weeks (group B) (negative control), ethanol alone for 2 weeks (group C) while others received ethanol for 2 weeks, followed with 200 (group D), 400 (group E) and 600 mg/kg (group F) of T.O. for 6 weeks ...
"Quillaja Extracts". Quillaja Extract products and more info. Retrieved 2011-01-04. "Quillaja saponaria pictures". Chilebosque. ... Chevallier, A., The Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants, 1996 Chevallier, A., The Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants, 1996 Singh, ... It is the source of quillaia, the extract of which is used as a food additive and as an ingredient in pharmaceuticals, personal ... The Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants, Dorling Kindersley, 336p. Singh, Manmohan, 2007. Vaccine Adjuvants and Delivery Systems, ...
... and plant extracts." Nevertheless, Phytosome - along with Meriva - is a registered trademark of Indena S.p.A. ... The complexation with phospholipid has been applied to many popular herbal extract or active molecules including Ginkgo biloba ... It is claimed that phytosome increases absorption of "conventional herbal extracts" or isolated active principles both ... and green tea extract (Camellia sinensis). An attempt to trademark the term in the USA failed on appeal. Legal analysis in the ...
The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species, retrieved 16 November 2016 Dirr, Michael. 1997. Dirr's Hardy trees and ... 1. Extracts (1789). Clark, T. and K.C. Lund. "Presence of the Indole Alkaloid Reserpine in Bignonia Capreolata L." ... see page 1009). USDA plant profile Ask Melinda: Crossvine USDA NRCS. Plant Guide. Crossvine: Bignonia capreolata L. Alwyn H. ... The vine often climbs very high, with leaves only remaining on the uppermost portion of the plant. Crossvine can spread ...
... and the extract are used in traditional and alternative medicine, including aromatherapy. The plant has been cultivated at ... The plant is used to attract bees to make honey. It is also grown and sold as an ornamental plant. The essential oil is used as ... The plant is used to attract bees for honey production. It is grown as an ornamental plant and for its oil (to use in perfumery ... Kewe World Checklist of Selected Plant Families "Taxon: Melissa officinalis L.". USDA: U.S. National Plant Germplasm System. ...
David Sidney Feingold
Xylosyl transfer by asparagus extracts. Sugar nucleotides in the interconversion of sugars of higher plants. The 4- ... Sugar nucleotides in the interconversion of sugars of higher plants. Hassid, W. Z., Neufeld, E. F. and Feingold, D. S. Proc. ... 78:401-406, 1958 Xylosyl transfer by asparagus extracts. Feingold, D. S., neufeld, E. F. and Hassid, W. Z. J. Biol. Chem. 234: ... The structure and properties of levan, a polymer of D-fructose produced by cultures and cell-free extracts of Aerobacter ...
"The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species". Retrieved 30 July 2014. Altervista Flora Italiana, Glebionis coronaria (L ... Extracts from C. coronarium var. spatiosum have been shown to inhibit growth of Lactobacillus casei, a beneficial human ... "The plant is rich in minerals and vitamins with potassium concentrations at 610 mg/100 g and carotene at 3.4 g/100 g in edible ... In addition, the plant contains various antioxidants (in stem, leaf, and root tissues) that have potential long-term benefits ...
In frost prone areas it is container plant, in the winter season brought inside a greenhouse or as a house plant. It tolerates ... oil extract". African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology. 4 (2): 87-89. Quattrocchi, Umberto (1999). CRC World Dictionary of ... "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species". Retrieved May 17, 2014. "Thevetia peruvians". Missouri Botanical Garden. ... Cultivation Cascabela thevetia is cultivated as an ornamental plant, and planted as large flowering shrub or small ornamental ...
The Main Street has a glass roof and is lined on either side by plants. These plants were featured on the BBC Television ... "Extracts from the Records: 1521". British History Online. Retrieved 2015-03-04. "An Innovative School Revisited: Leith Academy ... "Creates Healthy Working Environments - Testimonials". In-Plants. Retrieved 3 March 2012. "Tom Patten". Heritage.imeche.org. ...
Stone spheres of Costa Rica
"Making Cements with Plant Extracts" (PDF). Retrieved 2010-08-13. Dunning, Brian (3 February 2015). "Skeptoid #452: The Stone ... Limestone, for example, can be dissolved by acidic solutions obtained from plants. Research led by Joseph Davidovits of the ... Gazetteer of Costa Rican Plant-Collecting Locales: Diquís (or Dikís) from the website of the Missouri Botanical Garden "The ... vegetation in this area offered a great deal of biodiversity in both plant and animal resources. Resources available to ...
Altos Hornos de México
Two steel plants operate in an area of nearly 3,000 acres. AHMSA extracts coal and iron ore. The company has its own coal mines ... Once extracted, the washed coal is shipped by railroad to AHMSA's coke plants. The main source of iron ore is located in ... Altos Hornos de Mexico, S.A.B. de C.V. (AHMSA) is the largest integrated steel plant in Mexico. It has corporate offices in ... AHMSA leads an active social policy where its plants are active, maintaining permanent programs on the following fronts: ...
It resists effectively the antifungal that causes dermatitis and mouth disease . "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant ... From experiment with alcohol extracts and chloroform. ... Plants of the World Online , Kew Science". powo.science.kew.org ... The leaf sheaths are red, the blades are oval shape and the apex of leaves are sharp . Chinese ginger is herbaceous plant with ... It is sometimes confused with Alpinia officinarum, another plant in the family Zingiberaceae which is also known as lesser ...
The Plant List "Solanum americanum". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 17 November 2015 ... Water based extracts had no antibacterial activity. Sobemovirus "Solanum nodiflorum". Germplasm Resources Information Network ( ... Poisonous plant experts advise: "...unless you are certain that the berries are from an edible strain, leave them alone." ... The plant is widely naturalised around the Tropical Pacific and Indian Oceans, including Hawaiʻi, Indochina, Madagascar and ...
Extracts from the plant are anti-microbial. V. tricolor extract had anti-inflammatory effect in acute inflammation induced in ... The plant, especially the flowers, contain antioxidants and are edible. Plants contain aglycones: apigenin, chrysoeriol, ... Viola tricolor is a small plant of creeping and ramping habit, reaching at most 15 cm in height, with flowers about 1.5 cm in ... The Taming of the Shrew (Act 1, Scene 1) V. tricolor is one of many viola plant species containing cyclotides. These small ...
It is a tough plant, hardy, fast growing and drought tolerant but short lived. Seeds germinate readily in around 2 to 3 weeks ... variety Incana E. MEY.) Fabaceae shoot aqueous extract". Methods and Findings in Experimental and Clinical Pharmacology. 26 (6 ... Müller, AC; Kanfer, I (2011). "Potential pharmacokinetic interactions between antiretrovirals and medicinal plants used as ... "Sutherlandia frutescens". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 4 December 2015. Ojewole, JA ...
"PLANTS profile for Usnea (beard lichen)". USDA PLANTS. United States Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation ... Ash, Michael; Irene Ash (2004). "Lichen (Usnea barbata) extract". Handbook of Preservatives. Synapse Info Resources. p. 437. ... Usnea looks very similar to the plant Spanish moss, so much so that the latter's Latin name is derived from it (Tillandsia ... "Which Specialized Metabolites Does the Native Subantarctic Gastropod Notodiscus hookeri Extract from the Consumption of the ...
Plant has not been seen to be toxic, however some plants in the genus contain a narcotic principle that has its highest ... "Wild Lettuce Extract Benefits". www.anniesremedy.com. Retrieved 2016-11-06. Millspaugh, Charles Frederick (1892-01-01). ... Cottontail Rabbit eats leaves of young plants. Horses, cattle, and sheep have also been seen to graze on the plant. Preferably ... "Plants Profile for Lactuca canadensis (Canada lettuce)". plants.usda.gov. Retrieved 2016-12-05. "medicinal herbs: CANADA ...
Antidiarrhoeal activity of some Egyptian medicinal plant extracts. J Ethnopharmacol. 2004 Jun;92(2-3), pp.303-309 Plants of the ... New shoots can appear over 20 feet from the parent plant. Above the ground, the plant rarely reaches four feet in height. It is ... The perennial plant grows from a massive rhizome system which may extend over six feet into the ground. ... Jepson Manual Treatment USDA Plants Profile invasive.org Report Photo gallery Mohhammad Kazem Gharib Naseri, Seyyed Ali Mard: ...
Wildlife of Malaysia
"Antimalarial activity of extracts of Malaysian medicinal plants". March 1999. doi:10.1016/S0378-8741(98)00135-4. Retrieved 20 ... They also contain large numbers of carnivorous plants, such as pitcher plants, bladderworts, sundews and ant-house plants. Some ... Most of the country is covered in rainforest, which hosts a huge diversity of plant and animal species. There are approximately ... There are an estimated 8,500 species of vascular plants in Peninsular Malaysia, with another 15,000 in the East. The forests of ...
Developed plants can also perform a vegetative reproduction. When vines are in contact with the soil, a new plant can grow from ... In Malaysia its extracts are used as medicine. As P. phaseoloides is used as cover crop or as part of a mixture in pastures its ... content of the whole fresh plant (green part) is very high. This is especially true when compared to other tropical plant ... After the establishment, the plant starts to climb and build tangled mats of over a half meter. It was found that the ...
The plants are used as a dye and give a soft green colour. An extract is often used to provide silica for supplementation. ... Fabre, B; Geay, B.; Beaufils, P. (1993). "Thiaminase activity in Equisetum arvense and its extracts". Plant Med Phytother. 26: ... 232 p. Plants For A Future Database. Plants of the Pacific Northwest Coast: Washington, Oregon, British Columbia & Alaska, ... In Spanish-speaking countries, these plants are known as "cola de caballo," meaning "horsetail". In these plants the leaves are ...
Watson, Ronald Ross; Zibadi, Sherma (2012-11-28). Bioactive Dietary Factors and Plant Extracts in Dermatology. Springer Science ... Animal sources of arginine include meat, dairy products and eggs, and plant sources include seeds of all types, for example ... which extract citrulline from the circulation and convert it to arginine, which is returned to the circulation. This means that ...
The water extract of X. parietina has good antiviral activity in vitro, inhibiting the replication of human parainfluenza virus ... Plant Cell and Environment 27: 167-76. Ivanova V, Schlegel R, Gräfe U (October 2000). "2-Methoxy-4,5,7-trihydroxy-anthraquinone ... Karagoz A, Aslan A. (2005). Antiviral and cytotoxic activity of some lichen extracts. Biologia 60(3): 281-6. http://www.jgi.doe ...
"Antibacterial Activity of Brazilian Amazon Plant Extracts" (PDF). Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases. 10 (6). doi:10.1590 ... Virola elongata extracts have weak antibacterial activity against Enterococcus faecalis and Staphylococcus aureus. "Virola ... "Alkaloids in certain species of Virola and other South American plants of ethnopharmacologic interest". Acta Chemica ...
This unicellular is investigated for its high amount of Fucoxanthin (18.23 mg/g dried sample). The Isochrysis galbana extract ... Plant Physiology. 63 (5): 947-951. doi:10.1104/pp.63.5.947. PMC 542949 . PMID 16660842. www.plantphysiol.org Expression of the ... Subscription required (help)). , Herrmann, Martina; Holger Joppe & Paolo Pertile, "Extracts of isochrysis sp." ejournal. ...
... and he lectured on plant systematics, biogeography, and the ecology of pollination. Webster's career as a plant systematist was ... "Webster, Grady L". Biography (extract). Australian National Herbarium. Retrieved 2008-10-10. "Grady Webster". In memoriam. ... At Harvard he worked with I. W. Bailey and was married to Barbara Anne Donahue, a Ph.D. studying plant morphology, in 1956. An ... American Society of Plant Taxonomists:. 2006. Archived from the original on 2008-09-07. Retrieved 2008-10-12. IPNI. G.L.Webster ...
... because aquatic plants are not as productive as long-lived terrestrial plants such as trees. Ecological trophic pyramids are ... "Organisms usually extract energy in the form of carbohydrates, lipids, and proteins. These polymers have a dual role as ... not all plant material is edible and the nutritional quality or antiherbivore defenses of plants (structural and chemical) ... Plants generally have the greatest biomass. Names of trophic categories are shown to the right of the pyramid. Some ecosystems ...
De Smet, Peter A.G.M. (December 1997). "The Role of Plant-Derived Drugs and Herbal Medicines in Healthcare". Drugs. 54 (6): 801 ... Extracted from WHO 2000. *^ IOM Report 2005, pp. 17-19. *^ Zollman, C.; et al. (1999). "What is complementary medicine?". ABC ... Ayurveda stresses the use of plant-based medicines and treatments, with some animal products, and added minerals, including ... includes not just the use of plant products, but may also include the use of animal and mineral products. It is among the ...
Αμινά Γκουρίμπ - Βικιπαίδεια
... burst via release of reactive oxygen species from immune cells by extracts of selected tropical medicinal herbs and food plants ... Gurib-Fakim, A.. Medicinal plants: traditions of yesterday and drugs of tomorrow.. doi:10.1016/j.mam.2005.07.008. ... Gurib-Fakim, A.; Mahomoodally, M. F.. African Flora as Potential Sources of Medicinal Plants : Towards the Chemotherapy of ... Medicinal Plants of the Indian Ocean Islands (2004). *Guide illustré de la Flore de Maurice et des îles de l'Océan Indien (2004 ...
Group 3 element
Cette raison a engagé M. Mosander à donner au nouveau métal le nom de Lantane." (The oxide of cerium, extracted from cerite by ... all coming from tiny amounts taken by plants. Soluble lutetium salts are mildly toxic, but insoluble ones are not. ... He separated it from pitchblende residues left by Marie and Pierre Curie after they had extracted radium. In 1899, Debierne ... Lanthanum is much more common, being the second most abundant rare earth, and in addition to monazite can also be extracted ...
They also eat the shoots and leaves of wetland and upland plants, cereal grains, seeds, insects, mollusks, crustaceans, frogs ... which they extract by digging holes in the mud, but these are not available south of Brisbane. ... The nest, which is built by both sexes, is a raised mound of sticks, uprooted grass, and other plant material sited on a small ... The adult diet is omnivorous and includes plant matter, invertebrates and small vertebrates. ...
Internet of things
Measurements, automated controls, plant optimization, health and safety management, and other functions are provided by ... Moreover, it is possible to get the most value out of IoT deployments through analyzing IoT data, extracting hidden information ... Digital control systems to automate process controls, operator tools and service information systems to optimize plant safety ...
Sophia informs President Martinez that she believes Thomas intends to steal uranium from a nuclear power plant to open a portal ... In Murmansk, a scientist is extracting the weapon from a frozen body when he accidentally cuts himself and infects himself with ... Special Forces teams take down the Sleepers at the food processing plant and at the engraving bureau. Sean, Vicky, Sterling, ... a food processing plant, the Bureau of Engraving, and Dulles Airport). Martinez presents the cabinet with crucial evidence that ...
Potassium compounds are often used as fertilisers:73 as potassium is an important element for plant nutrition. ... Lithium salts have to be extracted from the water of mineral springs, brine pools, and brine deposits. The metal is produced ... Instead, the mining of pollucite ore is the main method of obtaining pure caesium, extracted from the ore mainly by three ... caesium-137 is the principal source of radiation in the zone of alienation around the Chernobyl nuclear power plant. Its ...
To extract and analyze the information contained within, researchers generally have to freeze the feces and grind it up into ... An advantage for a plant in having fruit is that animals will eat the fruit and unknowingly disperse the seed in doing so. This ... "Panda Poop Might Help Turn Plants Into Fuel". News.nationalgeographic.com. 2013-09-10. Retrieved 2013-10-02.. ... Earthworm feces aid in provision of minerals and plant nutrients in an accessible form ...
... is an herbaceous annual plant growing to 3 ft (0.9 m) or more tall. The leaves at the base of the plant are simple, 3⁄8-2 ... N-free extract: 22-28%. Crude fibre: 12-25%. In particular, the anise seeds products should also contain more than 0.2 ... Anise plants grow best in light, fertile, well-drained soil. The seeds should be planted as soon as the ground warms up in ... Anise (/ˈænɪs/; Pimpinella anisum), also called aniseed, is a flowering plant in the family Apiaceae native to the ...
Bengal famine of 1943
Famine Inquiry Commission 1945a, p. Appendix VI, Extracts of Reports from Commissioners and District Officers, pp. 225-27. ... Throughout 1942 and into early 1943, military and political events combined with natural disasters and plant disease to place ... has been recorded in plant pathological literature."[AK] ...
This Medicinal plants-related article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.. *v ... The extract was once used as a pH indicator. Brownish when neutral, it becomes yellow-reddish under acidic conditions and ... Umberto Quattrocchi (2012). CRC World Dictionary of Medicinal and Poisonous Plants. Common Names, Scientific Names, Eponyms, ... one of concentrated ammonia and one of logwood extract, are placed close enough the NH3 vapours will change the color of the ...
Exner, T; Ahuja, M; Ellwood, L (24 April 2019). "Effect of an activated charcoal product (DOAC Stop™) intended for extracting ... Plants that rely on thermal regeneration of activated carbon have to be of a certain size before it is economically viable to ... Activated carbon is useful for extracting the direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) such as dabigatran, apixaban, rivaroxaban and ... freshwater fish and reef tanks to avoid heavy metal poisoning and excess plant/algal growth. ASTM (D2866 Standard Method test) ...
Constantine Samuel Rafinesque
Indexes Rafinesque's plant names.). *. Rafinesque, Constantine Samuel (1833). Atlantic Journal and Friend of Knowledge. p. 85. ... The latter were based on linguistic data, which he extracted from printed sources, mostly those of travelers. He designated as ... Flannery, Michael A. (1998). "The Medicine and Medicinal Plants of C. S. Rafinesque". Economic Botany. 52 (1): 27-43. doi: ... For a time Rafinesque also worked as secretary to the American consul. During his stay in Sicily, he studied plants and ...
This is from its preference of dried herbs and plant material sometimes used as drugs; e.g. drugstore beetles have been known ... to feed on strychnine, a highly toxic herbal extract. It can also feed on a diverse range of dried foods and spices, as well as ... brown beetle that can be found infesting a wide variety of dried plant products, where it is among the most common non-weevils ...
Blood is then extracted; the serum is separated, purified and freeze-dried. The cytotoxic effect of snake venom is being ... helping to grind up plant matter. Fossil gastroliths have been found associated with both ornithopods and sauropods, ... but several lines of agamas and iguanas have evolved to live wholly or partly on plants. ...
However, the attribution was disputed by reports showing the plant extracts from fresh leaves contained another substance more ... The plant itself is specifically banned in Missouri: "Khat, to include all parts of the plant presently classified botanically ... its seed or extracts.". In California, both the plant itself as well as cathinone, its active component, are illegal. ... The khat plant is known by a variety of names, such as qat and gat in Yemen, qaat and jaad in Somalia, and chat in Ethiopia. ...
Tincture, the often more concentrated plant extracts made in pure grain alcohol, glycerin, or vinegar ... that the word tea is also used to refer to other plants beside the tea plant and to beverages made from these other plants.[ ... Made from a variety of the Sideritis syriaca plant which grows in warm climates above 3,000 feet. Records of its use date back ... While varieties of herbal teas are defined as any plant material for infusion, below is a list of common herbs: *Anise tea, ...
One syrup commonly used in mash, however, is dry or dried malt extract or DME. DME is prepared by mashing malt ... Therefore, some breweries use these plants in the production of beer suitable for people with Celiac disease, either alone or ... Therefore, sugars can be extracted from the barley's own starches simply by soaking the grain in water at a controlled ... Mashing is the act of creating and extracting fermentable and non-fermentable sugars and flavor components from grain by ...
Blevins, Dale G.; Lukaszewski, KM (1998). "Functions of Boron in Plant Nutrition". Annual Review of Plant Physiology and Plant ... Plants obtain minerals from the soil, and most of the minerals in our diets come directly from plants or indirectly from animal ... Plants get minerals from soil. Most of the minerals in a human diet come from eating plants and animals or from drinking ... "Functions of Boron in Plant Nutrition" (PDF). U.S. Borax Inc. Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 March 2009.. ...
Underground coal gasification
In 1940, experimental plants were built in Lysychansk and Tula. After World War II, the Soviet activities culminated in the ... Underground coal gasification converts coal to gas while still in the coal seam (in-situ). Gas is produced and extracted ... UCG product gas is used to fire combined cycle gas turbine (CCGT) power plants, with some studies suggesting power island ... In South Africa, Eskom (with Ergo Exergy as technology provider) is operating a demonstration plant in preparation for ...
The next step after farmers ensure soil is well suitable for planting and growing is planting the rhizome seed. In India, ... "Can nausea and vomiting be treated with ginger extract?" (PDF). Eur. Rev. Med. Pharmacol. Sci. 19 (7): 1291-6. ISSN 1128-3602 ... Medicinal Plants. 6. Boca Raton: CRC Press. p. 398. ISBN 9781420073867. .. *^ a b Viestad A (2007). Where Flavor Was Born: ... Domesticated plants and animals of Austronesia. References. *^ "Zingiber officinale". Germplasm Resources Information Network ( ...
"Plants used for poison fishing in tropical Africa". Toxicon. 44: 417-30. Sep 2004. doi:10.1016/j.toxicon.2004.05.014. PMID ... Bark extracts of Lannea coromandelica caused lysis of cell membranes followed by fragmentation of cellular materials. ... Many of these plants have been used for a long time by local people, and have been tested and found to have medicinal ... Fish toxins or fish stupefying plants have historically been used by many hunter gatherer cultures to stun fish, so they become ...
A tea plant will grow into a tree of up to 16 m (52 ft) if left undisturbed, but cultivated plants are generally pruned to ... Cold brewing may also allow for less caffeine to be extracted. Sun tea is made by steeping the tea leaves in a jar of unheated ... Tea plants are propagated from seed and cuttings; about 4 to 12 years are needed for a plant to bear seed and about three years ... Only the top 1-2 inches of the mature plant are picked. These buds and leaves are called 'flushes'. A plant will grow a new ...
Hyperglycemic Patients Benefit from a Natural Plant Extract
... a natural plant extract, showed a significant improvement in the ... Hyperglycemic Patients Benefit from a Natural Plant Extract. ... Home / KEEP BUT DO NOT DISPLAY / Did You Know / Hyperglycemic Patients Benefit from a Natural Plant Extract ... Italian researchers found that patients with borderline hyperglycemia who took Pycnogenol, a natural plant extract, showed a ...
FERMENTED PLANT EXTRACTS, METHODS OF PRODUCTION AND USES - KEFIPLANT INC.
... a powder comprising these extracts and compositions comprising these extracts. Since these extracts have a high content of ... The present application concerns plant extracts which have been fermented with kephir grains, methods of production of these ... 8. The fermented plant extract of claim 5, where the fermented plant extract is derived from an aqueous plant extract. ... 9. The fermented plant extract of claim 5, where the plant extract is derived from an extract selected from the group composed ...
natural plant extract golden mint molecule
... of the molecule comes from a plant, non petro ... natural plant extract golden mint molecule_All Natural ... Products / Plant Extract Plant Extract,Herbs amp; Spices Olive Leaf Extract Echinacea Extract Fo Ti (Ho Shou Wu) Extract ... Extract Ginger Extract Rhodiola Extract Tongkat Ali Extract Rosemary Extract Ginseng Extract Gotu Kola Extract Fennel Extract ... Natural Plant Extract, Natural Plant Extract Suppliers and natural plant extract golden mint molecule offers 70,097 natural ...
100% Natural Plant Extract Broccoli Powder
Natural Plant Extract Broccoli Powder manufacturers, who is dedicated to produce the top quality organic products which is of ... 100% Natural Plant Extract Broccoli Powder. IMAHERB BIOTECH-As a professional herbal extract manufacture in China, we promise ... Natural Plant Extract Broccoli Powder. Product Name: Broccoli Powder. Latin Name: Brassica oleracea var. italica. Used : Plant ... I am interested in your product 100% Natural Plant Extract Broccoli Powder. Verification:. 5 + 5 = ? ...
Plant Extracts In Supplement Form! - Buy - Low Prices/Shipping! - Voedingssupplementen Nederland
We sell many natural plant extracts from trusted manufacturers worldwide! Full of good nutrients and of high quality! Profit ... Natural plant extracts. Plant extracts are a general kind of product with natural extracts of often well known plants. Many ... Very popular plant extracts are ginseng, ginkgo biloba and Rhodiola Rosea. We sell many natural herbs and ofther extracts from ... herbal supplements are actually not herbs but plant extracts. These products are full of good nutrients like vitamins, minerals ...
Okayama University research: Protection from plant extracts
Plant extracts have long been used for food, cosmetic and medical purposes, from creating drugs to treat serious diseases to ... While a number of plant extracts have been found to exhibit radioprotective ability by scavenging and destroying ROS, most ... Of the three, linalool, which is found in common plants such as ginger, coriander and lavender, showed potent radio protective ... drugs made from these extracts are quite inefficient once they are administered to patients, and some have unpleasant side ...
Plant Extracts as Natural Insecticides | AMNH
We weed-whack, fence, and cover our plants to keep them from rabbits and deer. However, the killers we cannot eva... ... plant-based pesticides that rely on plants natural defenses against insects may not only be effective and inexpensive for ... Using Plant-Based Biofilters to Purify Household Wastewater * An Analysis of the Effects of a Wildfire on the Biodiversity of ... Many plant species produce substances that protect them by killing or repelling the insects that feed on them. For example, the ...
... , Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, http://www.TeAra.govt.nz/mi/plant-extracts/print (accessed 26 ... Plant extracts by Nigel Perry. An infusion of mānuka leaves, to ease stomach complaints, was a traditional Māori herbal ... They used many plants for medicinal purposes. For example, extracts of the bark of the tall forest tree pukatea (Laurelia novae ... A search for new medicines from New Zealand native plants at the University of Canterbury led to the discovery that an extract ...
Smart phone ingredient found in plant extracts
... Reuters ^ , September 7, 2015 Posted on 09/07/2015 8:41:59 PM PDT by ... Scientists in Germany have come up with a method for extracting the precious element germanium from plants.. Di que? Damn, now ... Scientists in Germany have come up with a method for extracting the precious element germanium from plants. The element is a ... Yet although germanium is present in soil all over the world, it is difficult to extract, and most supplies currently come from ...
Wholesale Plant Extracts
... UK trade directory of plant extract products and stocks and closeout supplies - Find and contact UK ... Wholesale UK-Wholesale Products-Wholesale Suppliers-Wholesale Plant Extracts-Plant Extract Suppliers-Trade Leads-My eSources ... Acerola Dry Extract Minimum 17% Natural Vitamin C Spray More details on Coconut Water Powder ...
Ointment With Plant Extracts May Combat Skin Cancer
Scientists have developed an ointment using plant extracts that may be effective in treating melanoma, the most aggressive form ... Beijing: Scientists have developed an ointment using plant extracts that may be effective in treating melanoma, the most ... Scientists have developed an ointment using plant extracts that may be effective in treating melanoma. (Representational image) ... The medication contains an extract of a shrub that is endemic in Chile. The substance affects the viability of the tumour cells ...
Potential Properties of Plant Sprout Extracts on Amyloid β
Plant extract trumps nicotine patches to quit smoking | New Scientist
Chemicals, Active / Plant Extracts - HAPPI
Chemicals, Active / Plant Extracts - HAPPI
Activity of selected plant extracts against honey bee pathogen Paenibacillus larvae | SpringerLink
The present study focuses on the antibacterial activity of selected plant extracts against Paenibacillus larvae, the causal ... Two-way ANOVA for extract concentration and plant extract, p values for plant extract ... 2.4 Antibacterial activity of plant extracts. The prepared plant-derived extracts and selected chemicals (pure triterpenoids, ... Our study demonstrates that some plant extracts and plant-derived compounds (such as triterpenoids) have a high potential to ...
Efficacy of two plant extracts against vaginal trichomoniasis. - PubMed - NCBI
Efficacy of two plant extracts against vaginal trichomoniasis.. El-Sherbini GT1, El Gozamy BR, Abdel-Hady NM, Morsy TA. ... Also, natural plant extract purified from (Roman) was in-vitro investigated for its efficacy against T. vaginalis on fresh ... The anti-trichomoniasis vaginalis activity of both P. granatum (in-vitro) and C. molmol (in-vivo) extracts gave promising ...
Microscale investigations of catalase activity in plant extracts
3 Add only the minimum amount of buffer to make the extract. Never use a greater mass of buffer than of plant matter. With a ... Microscale investigations of catalase activity in plant extracts. Class practical. This protocol is adapted with permission ... www.nuffieldfoundation.org/practical-biology/microscale-investigations-catalase-activity-plant-extracts ... Producing the cell extracts may take 20-30 minutes for the class depending on the number of microcentrifuges you have available ...
Plant extracts - Te Ara Encyclopedia of New Zealand
Nigel Perry, Plant extracts, Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, http://www.TeAra.govt.nz/en/plant-extracts (accessed 7 ... New Zealand plants. Many New Zealand plants are found nowhere else. Some contain natural chemicals not found in any other ... Plants contain chemicals (in their leaves, berries, bark or other parts) which can have interesting effects. For example, they ... plants.. Māori use. Māori knew that many native plants had healing properties - mashed-up bark from the pukatea tree eased ...
Influence of Nutrients, Bioactive Compounds and Plant Extracts in Liver Diseases - 1st Edition
Bioactive Compounds and Plant Extracts in Liver Diseases - 1st Edition. Print Book. ISBN 9780128164884 ... Plant extracts with putative hepatoprotective activity 14. Plant extracts with putative hepatotoxicity activity. 15. Other ... Influence of Nutrients, Bioactive Compounds and Plant Extracts in Liver Diseases explores the role of plant-based natural ... Influence of Nutrients, Bioactive Compounds and Plant Extracts in Liver Diseases 1st Edition. 0.0 star rating Write a review ...
Chemical Extracts from Mediterranean Plants May Help Brain Diseases | Voice of America - English
The extracts, said researchers, appeared to replace the harmful sticky clumps with deposits that were ... Extracts from plants found in abundance in and around the Mediterranean eventually may be used to help treat people with ... WASHINGTON - Extracts from plants found in abundance in and around the Mediterranean eventually may be used to help treat ... Chemical Extracts from Mediterranean Plants May Help Brain Diseases By Jessica Berman ...
Molecules | Free Full-Text | Tropical Plant Extracts as Potential Antihyperglycemic Agents
Our study clearly indicated that the antihyperglycemic activity observed in the plant extracts was indeed not due to non- ... Preliminary investigations on 14 plant extracts (obtained by ethanolic and aqueous extraction) identified those having high ... Tropical Plant Extracts as Potential Antihyperglycemic Agents. Thamilvaani Manaharan 1,* , Uma Devi Palanisamy 2 and Cheng Hwee ... Manaharan, T.; Palanisamy, U.D.; Ming, C.H. Tropical Plant Extracts as Potential Antihyperglycemic Agents. Molecules 2012, 17, ...
United Cannabis: Enriched extracts of plant cannabinoids are inventive
... are novel and inventive because they are directed to never before made liquid formulations of highly enriched extracts of plant ... are novel and inventive because they are directed to never before made liquid formulations of highly enriched extracts of plant ... are novel and inventive because they are directed to never before made liquid formulations of highly enriched extracts of plant ... I recently read Steve Brachmanns article Cannabis Extract Patent Assertion Underscores Issue of Limited Prior Art for ...
Evaluation of Antioxidant Activity of Medicinal Plant Extracts Produced for Commercial Purpose
Products That Contain PERILLA OCYMOIDES (BEEFSTEAK PLANT) LEAF EXTRACT || Skin Deep®
Scientists Find Plant Extract to Treat Alcoholism, Cocaine Addiction | Fox News
An extract of the kudzu vine being developed to treat alcoholism may also help treat cocaine addiction, researchers at Gilead ... Scientists Find Plant Extract to Treat Alcoholism, Cocaine Addiction. Published August 23, 2010. Reuters ... An extract of the kudzu vine being developed to treat alcoholism may also help treat cocaine addiction, researchers at Gilead ... CV Therapeutics made a synthetic extract called selective aldehyde dehydrogenase-2 inhibitor or ALDH2i. It carries the ...
PRIME PubMed | Screening of medicinal plant extracts for antioxidant activit
PubMed journal article Screening of medicinal plant extracts for antioxidant activit were found in PRIME PubMed. Download Prime ... Plant Extracts. Plants, Medicinal. Superoxide Dismutase. Pub Type(s). Journal Article. Research Support, Non-U.S. Govt. ... were dose-dependently enhanced in V79-4 cells treated with most of the plant extracts. The extracts of Areca catechu var. ... were dose-dependently enhanced in V79-4 cells treated with most of the plant extracts. The extracts of Areca catechu var. ...
Plant Extracts for Livestock Market Analysis to 2025 with DSM,
... Manghebati, Sabinsa, Herbavita, Etc. - published on openPR.com ... www.upmarketresearch.com/reports/plant-extracts-for-livestock-market-2019. "Plant Extracts for Livestock Market Analysis and ... Plant Extracts for Livestock Market Analysis to 2025 with DSM, Manghebati, Sabinsa, Herbavita, Etc.. 03-19-2019 06:49 PM CET , ... Plant Extracts for Livestock Market research report delivers a close watch on leading competitors with strategic analysis, ...
Plant extract combination may relieve hangover symptoms
A plant extract combination of fruits, leaves, and roots may help to relieve hangover symptoms, according to a large randomised ... A plant extract combination of fruits, leaves, and roots may help to relieve hangover symptoms, according to a large randomised ... The plant extracts included Barbados cherry (Acerola), prickly pear, ginkgo biloba, willow and ginger root. The vitamins and ... The second group of 76 were given a supplement minus the plant extracts, while the third (placebo) group of 69 were given ...
Plant extracts used as growth promoters in broilers
... "plant extracts" and "essential oils" is the method by which they are obtained or extracted. Despite being considered as plant ... ppm oregano extract; CD + 1000 ppm clove extract; CD + 1000 ppm cinnamon extract; and CD + 1000 ppm red pepper extract. The ... In the present experiment, the treatments with plant extracts did not include combinations of different plants, as the aim was ... Plant active principles are chemical compounds present in the entire plant or in specific parts of the plant that confers them ...
The effects of different plant extracts on intestinal cestodes and on trematodes | SpringerLink
PEG/PC extracts were made from coconut, onion, garlic, fig, date tree, chicory, ananas, and cistrose. These... ... Plant Extract Chloroform Extract Liver Fluke Final Host Oral Application These keywords were added by machine and not by the ... Aksu G (2009) Plant extracts in the fight against worms. Diploma thesis, Duesseldorf, GermanyGoogle Scholar ... Fischer K (2007) The effects of plant extracts on worm stages. Diploma thesis, University of DuesseldorfGoogle Scholar ...
Seaweed Extract Natural Plant Growth Promoter Wholesale, Promoter Suppliers - Alibaba
Wholesale Various High Quality Seaweed Extract Natural Plant Growth Promoter Products from Global Seaweed Extract Natural Plant ... Growth Promoter Suppliers and Seaweed Extract Natural Plant Growth Promoter Factory,Importer,Exporter at Alibaba.com. ... Tags: Seaweed Extract Flake 8-15% , Plant Growth Seaweed Extract Flake 8-15% , Promote Plant Growth Seaweed Extract Flake 8-15 ... Tags: Growing Agent Seaweed Extract / Seaweed Extract Natural Plant Growth Promoter , Seaweed Extract For Plants , Refined ...
Banana Plant Extract Could Make Your Ice Cream 'Melt-Proof'
Tiny cellulose fibres extracted from banana plant waste to ice cream could slow the melting process. ... Banana plant extract could be key to a longer-lasting ice cream. ... Banana Plant Extract Could Make Your Ice Cream Melt-Proof ... Banana plant extract could be key to a longer-lasting ice cream. Tiny cellulose fibres extracted from banana plant waste to ice ... Banana plant extract could be key to a longer-lasting ice cream.. For the study, the team extracted cellulose nanofibrils (CNFs ...
Plant Extracts and Xenobiotics. - Rainbow Grocery
Plant Extracts and Xenobiotics.. *Dr. Packs Summary #825. *"Defined Plant Extracts can Protect Human Cells against Combined ... A series of 5 medicinal herbal extracts have been formulated based on past experience with these plants and research. These ... All of the above listed extract combinations were able to prevent toxicity by 1/3 to 1/4 within 1 to 2 days. In general, ... Testing was done to see if these herbal extracts altered the course of toxicity resulting from exposure of cultures of ...
Effect of plant extracts derived from thyme on male broiler performance
The effect of dietary thyme-oil extract (TOE) supplementation on immune functions of broilers were assessed by feeding graded ... Effect of plant extracts derived from thyme on male broiler performance Poult Sci. 2015 Nov;94(11):2630-4. doi: 10.3382/ps/ ... The effect of dietary thyme-oil extract (TOE) supplementation on immune functions of broilers were assessed by feeding graded ...
Grape Seed ExGinkgoHerbsFlavonoidsExtractionPowderBotanical extractsSpicesQuercetinSeeds2020Effect of Plant Extracts2017Antimicrobial activityGlobal Plant Extracts2016Methanol extractsDemand for plant extractsPuritySpeciesNatural compoundsEfficacy2019SunflowerBark extractCannabisDifferent plant extractsLiquidGingerSolventsSubstancesProductsOxidativeLeavesEpimedium ExtractWater extractsIngredientAntioxidantsBioactive CompoundsToxicityThymeEthanolicChemicalsNorth AmericaScientistsNutritional0.75SyntheticVegetablesFruitSignificantlyType
- Product Name: Bamboo Leaf Extract Latin Name: Caulis Bambusae Specification : Total Flavonoids 24%, 30%, 35%, 40% Function: Anti-radical and blood vessel disease, protecting liver, expansion of blood capillary, smoothing microcirculation, improvi. (fuzing.com)
- Flavonoids refer to a class of plant pigments that are associated with several therapeutic properties. (buzzle.com)
- Preliminary investigations on 14 plant extracts (obtained by ethanolic and aqueous extraction) identified those having high antioxidant and a significant total phenolic content. (mdpi.com)
- The Extract-N-Amp Plant PCR Kit offers a novel Extraction Solution that eliminates the need for freezing of plant tissues with liquid nitrogen, mechanical disruption, organic extraction, column DNA purification, or alcohol precipitation. (sigmaaldrich.com)
- Genomic DNA is extracted from 0.5 to 0.7 cm plant leaf disks that have been cut with a standard paper punch and simply incubated in Extraction Solution at 95 °C for 10 minutes. (sigmaaldrich.com)
- It is made from whole plant extract processed by Co2 extraction, so it includes the full range of cannbinoids Sativa L Hemp offers.In handy 1mg, 3mg or 5mg tubes, Whole Plant extract CBD Paste is a highly concentrated Buy CBD oil preparation favored by some regular users. (authorstream.com)
- More recently we've seen Cellular Biomimicry, which is a type of extraction that transfers phyto-compounds from their original plant cell environment to a medium ready for use on the skin without stressing or degrading the plant's bio-matrix. (biome.com.au)
- 2. What is the soybean oil solvent extraction of Plant Oil Solvent Extracting Machine? (epier.com)
- LD LD Grain&Oil Machine Co.,Ltd has applied the automatic control system with advancedness, security, reliability into the pretreatment, extraction, refining and fractionation in large oil plants. (evangelicaloutpost.com)
- Kernel Oil Extraction Machine , Palm Kernel Oil Processing Plant Machine Features: Low temperature densely: The main solvent is water and ethanol in the Chinese extracted , if adopt the low extracting and low concentrating, the water extracting is. (phrmg.org)
- Fluid extract is a type of fluid-solid extraction, that usually employs Soxhlet Apparatus to extract certain compound with known solubility in a solvent. (wikipedia.org)
- In recent years this has expanded to include specialized extraction methodologies and equipment of a proprietary nature to ratio-intact extract multiple groups of compounds with discovered solubility in a solvent. (wikipedia.org)
- Kaempferia Parviflora Extract Powder Black Ginger is a herbaceous plant which belongs to the Zingiberaceae family and is scientifically famous as Kaempferia parviflora. (phrmg.org)
- Soluble Silymarin 40% 70% 80% 98% Milk Thistle Extract Silymarin Powder Product Description: Milk thistle is a thistle of the genus Silybum Adans. (phrmg.org)
- Name of Product: Lutein (Marigold Flower Extract) Part of Used: Tagetes erecta flower Appearance: Reddish orange yellow fine powder Specs Available: 5% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 75%,80% 90% Our Main Products: Andrographitis Extract, Black Cohosh Extract, Blueberry Extract, Craneberry extract, Echinacea Purourea Extract. (greenpeople.org)
- cordata dokudami extract powder Product description Product Name: Houttuynia Cordata Extract Part used: Whole herb Specification: 10:1, 20:1, Customized Appearance: Brown powder Test method: TLC What is Houttuynia Cordata Extract ? (phrmg.org)
- The present application concerns plant extracts which have been fermented with kephir grains, methods of production of these extracts, a powder comprising these extracts and compositions comprising these extracts. (sumobrain.com)
- 14. The powder of claim 10, where the product of vegetable origin is selected from cereals, high protein vegetables and oleaginous plants. (sumobrain.com)
- Extract Pure Natural Plant Extracts Salidrosides 3% Product Name:Rosavins Rhodiola Extract Latin Name:Rhodiola Rosea CAS No.:10338-51-9 Active ingredient:Salidroside Specification:1% 2% 3% Test Method:HPLC Appearance:Reddish-brown Powder Rhodiola Extract . (futurenowinc.com)
- Introduction: Product name: Ginseng Extract Ingredient: Ginsenoside Test method: UV/HPLC Plant part: Stem and leaf/ Root Country of origin:China Color:light yellow powder Funtion 1. (futurenowinc.com)
- Plant Extract Powder Natural Apricot Kernel Amygdalin Powder 1. (futurenowinc.com)
- Scientists have found that a plant pigment called quercetin - found in some fruits, vegetables, herbs and grains - could help to prevent the damage to nerves associated with the childhood form of motor neuron disease. (eurekalert.org)
- Sophora Japonica Extract Extracting Chemicals From Plants Quercetin 98% What is Quercetin? (phrmg.org)
- The investigators put forward the hypothesis that the daily consumption of two yoghurts containing XXS, a mixture of natural polyphenolic compounds -rich in quercetin- from plant extracts, could lead to weight loss, a better fat mass-lean mass distribution and an improvement in markers of oxidative stress in overweight persons aged 50 to 65 years. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- The procedure can be used to show differences in activity in imbibed and germinating seeds and in damaged or decaying plant material. (nuffieldfoundation.org)
- These extracts are derived from leaves,roots, seeds, flowers or any part of the plant. (storify.com)
- Plant extracts are generally powered or liquid derivatives extracted from various parts of plants including seeds, leaves, bark, flowers and many others. (storify.com)
- 5. A method according to claim 1 wherein, the plant extracts are extracted from leaves, seeds, roots, stems, flowers, or various combinations thereof but preferably the seed of the plant. (freepatentsonline.com)
- It is used for both cold and hot oil extrusion process from a wide range of oil plants such as peanuts, rapeseed, cotton seeds and copra and so on. (epier.com)
- Grow Burpee's Tomato Seeds and Plants in your home garden. (kidzworld.co.za)
- The Plant Extracts Market dealswith the demand and supply of the plant extracts in various industries,production and scope of utilization of these extracts during 2015-2020. (storify.com)
- The rise in ancient medical treatment methods will boost the plant extracts industry through 2020. (storify.com)
- The Plant Extracts Market is rapidly growing market with rise in demand for natural essence and plant oriented ingredients for medical and consumption purpose across the globe during 2015-2020. (storify.com)
Effect of Plant Extracts1
- DecisionDatabases.com announces a new report "2017-2022 Global Top Countries Plant Extracts Market Report" added to its database. (comunicati.net)
- This report provides the detailed analysis of worldwide markets for Plant Extracts from 2012-2017 and provides extensive market forecasts (2018-2022) by region/country and subsectors. (webnewswire.com)
- Hence, along with changing consumer preferences, the growth of global plant extract market is significantly increasing during the forecast period of 2017-2023. (marketresearchfuture.com)
Global Plant Extracts5
- Global Plant Extracts Industry 2016 is a new market research publication announced by Reportstack. (pitchengine.com)
- Up Market Research recently introduced new title on "Global Plant Extracts for Livestock Market 2019-2025 Report" that provides an in-depth overview of industry and competitive landscape, covering multiple market segments and elaborates market outlook and status to 2025. (openpr.com)
- The market research intelligence report on title Global Plant Extracts Market provides pin-point analysis for changing competitive dynamics and a forward-looking perspective on different factors driving or restraining industry growth. (webnewswire.com)
- An exhaustive study has been carried out on the key players operating in the Global Plant Extracts Market. (webnewswire.com)
- 1) To analyze and research the global Plant Extracts status and future forecast involving, production, revenue, consumption, historical and forecast. (webnewswire.com)
- A gas chromatography-mass spectrometry method was used to analyze six diethyl ether extracts of two white birch species, black poplar and common aspen buds, as well as n -hexane, diethyl ether, and methanol extracts of young twigs from downy and silver birches. (springer.com)
- The methanol extracts of nine medicinal plants traditionally used in Chinese medicine were screened for antioxidant activity versus resveratrol, which has been shown to protect cells from oxidative damage [Toxicol. (unboundmedicine.com)
Demand for plant extracts1
- Many plant species produce substances that protect them by killing or repelling the insects that feed on them. (amnh.org)
- Certain plant species have evolved chemicals such as poisons or irritants (for deterring browsing animals), or pigments and scents (for attracting pollinators). (teara.govt.nz)
- 1. A method of treating osteoporosis or conditions related thereof, which are characterized by increased bone resorption in a mammal, which comprises administering to the said mammal a therapeutically effective non-toxic amount of an extract derived from Pinus plant species to decrease bone resorption activity and/or enhancing bone formation capabilities. (freepatentsonline.com)
- The plants are a naturally occurring species, the story stated. (watertechonline.com)
- Taraxacumis a large genus of flowering plants in the family Asteraceae which consists of species commonly known as dandelion. (phrmg.org)
- The effect of ethanol, methanol, acetone and water extracts of leaves of 11 plant species, used in the folk medicine, against six antibiotic resistant clinical pathogens was evaluated by the agar-well diffusion method. (scialert.net)
- Efficacy of two plant extracts against vaginal trichomoniasis. (nih.gov)
- Also, natural plant extract purified from (Roman) was in-vitro investigated for its efficacy against T. vaginalis on fresh Diamond media. (nih.gov)
- Two experiments were carried out to assess the efficacy of plant extracts as alternatives for antimicrobial growth promoters in broiler diets. (scielo.br)
- Strassen B (2007) Cocos nucifera Investigations on the efficacy of extracts on parasites. (springer.com)
- Thus, this study confirms the efficacy of some plant extracts as natural antimicrobials and suggests the possibility of employing them in drugs for treatment of infectious diseases caused by the test pathogens. (scialert.net)
- The report contains basic, secondary and advanced information pertaining to the Plant Extracts for Livestock Market global status and trend, market size, share, growth, trends analysis, segment and forecasts from 2019 - 2025. (openpr.com)
- The report for Plant Extracts for Livestock Market analysis & forecast 2019- 2025 is segmented into Product Segment, Application Segment & Major players. (openpr.com)
- Plant Extracts for Livestock Market Analysis and Forecast 2019- 2025" report helps the clients to take business decisions and to understand strategies of major players in the industry. (openpr.com)
- To understand the future outlook and prospects for Plant Extracts for Livestock Market analysis and forecast 2019- 2025. (openpr.com)
- According to MarketsandMarkets analysis, the plant extracts market is estimated to be valued at USD 23.7 billion in 2019 and is projected to reach USD 59.4 billion by 2025, at a CAGR of 16.5% from 2019 to 2025. (marketsandmarkets.com)
- 2019 Hot industrial Extracting oil from plants Basket Centrifuge equipment Machine Introduction: The PPTD centrifuge is top discharging, hermetic closure type equipment. (phrmg.org)
- In this study, mixtures of allelopathic water extracts of sorghum + sunflower and sorghum + sunflower + mulberry were sprayed each at 12, 15, 18 and 21 L ha-1 at 40 and 55 days after sowing in wheat to control wild oats ( Avena fatua ), little seed canary grass ( Phalaris minor ), lamb's quarters ( Chenopodium album ) and swine cress ( Coronopus didymus ). (scielo.br)
- Mixture of sorghum + sunflower + mulberry water extracts each at 18 L ha-1 applied at 40+55 DAS resulted in an 87.14% decrease in total weed dry matter with a 19.5% increase in grain yield of wheat and higher net benefits of Rs. (scielo.br)
- 1.industrial plant for sunflower oil solvent extracting and pressing is mainly composed of feed hopper,pressing cage,screw shaft,grar box,frame and other parts. (ipras.org)
- 4.industrial plant for sunflower oil solvent extracting and pressing with double bucket, and has the function of double filtering to extract the oil is clear, spiral. (ipras.org)
- 3. You can call us or send email to us for any questions about industrial plant for sunflower oil solvent extracting and pressing,Shandong Leader Machinery Co.,Ltd. will reply you within 10 mins. (ipras.org)
- 4. During the warranty of industrial plant for sunflower oil solvent extracting and pressing, if there is any problem about the components,Shandong Leader Machinery Co.,Ltd. will send you the components within 24 hours by International courier. (ipras.org)
- Yohimbe bark extract contains approximately 6% indole alkaloids, of which 10-15% is yohimbine. (sigmaaldrich.com)
- Blue berry Extract /Bilberry Extract /Cranberry Extract /Echinacea purpurea Extract /Cinnamon Bark Extract / Oat Extract /Hawthorn Fruit Extract /Hawthorn Leaf Extract /Pomegranate Extract /Black Cohosh Extract /Ivy Extract / Cistanche Tubulosa Extract ---China. (futurenowinc.com)
- I recently read Steve Brachmann's article Cannabis Extract Patent Assertion Underscores Issue of Limited Prior Art for Marijuana Inventions . (ipwatchdog.com)
- The products were generated from a 30-cycle duplex reaction containing primers specific to plant chloroplast (upper band) and primers specific to Cannabis sativa DNA (lower band). (sigmaaldrich.com)
- As you probably already know, cannabis is a very versatile plant, and lately, it's been associated with various health benefits including relief from chronic pain, anxiety, depression, and even some cancer treatment symptoms. (mippin.com)
- These benefits are being credited to the 100+ cannabinoids - chemical compounds existing naturally in the cannabis plant. (mippin.com)
- To benefit from cannabis plants, these cannabinoids need to be extracted and processed into various products such as oils , edibles, tinctures, etc. (mippin.com)
- There are several ways of extracting cannabis oil from the plant. (mippin.com)
- During this time, ethanol strips off cannabinoids from the cannabis plant. (mippin.com)
- The method involves the use of pressurized CO2 gas to strip cannabinoids from the cannabis plant. (mippin.com)
- NBC's Kristen Dahlgren goes inside Colorado's first licensed cannabis research facility to see how CBD is extracted. (today.com)
- A groundbreaking study from Israel has documented the superior therapeutic properties of whole plant CBD-rich Cannabis extract as compared to synthetic, single-molecule cannabidiol (CBD). (cannabisculture.com)
Different plant extracts1
- Gold nanoparticles (GNPs) were prepared using four different plant extracts as reducing and stabilizing agents. (dovepress.com)
- T]he '911 patent claims are novel and inventive because they are directed to never before made liquid formulations of highly enriched extracts of plant cannabinoids. (ipwatchdog.com)
- The liquid fertilizer made from seaweed can be applied in the form of a foliar spray, which plants absorb through their leaves. (gardenguides.com)
- liquid seaweed extract to 1 gallon of water. (gardenguides.com)
- Do not rinse, but allow the plant to soak up the nutrient rich liquid. (gardenguides.com)
- Use the liquid fertilizer once every two months for house plants and potted plants. (gardenguides.com)
- The high pressure transforms the gas into a liquid, which is then passed through the plant material. (mippin.com)
- We make, export and supply of Stevia Extract Liquid Herbal Sweetener Drops in Sunam, Punjab, India. (tradeindia.com)
- Disclosed herein are extracts of mammalian omentum, wherein the liquid portion such an oil is extracted by heating the omentum to a temperature of between 210 and 240 degrees Fahrenheit. (cosmeticsandtoiletries.com)
- The leaves are then pressed mechanically to squeeze and extract liquid. (wikipedia.org)
- Some applications include extracting lipids from a plant (solid) using ethanol (liquid). (wikipedia.org)
- This expansion has led to many successful applications such as extracting polysaccharides, resins and organic acids from a plant (solid) using glycerol (liquid). (wikipedia.org)
- Of the three, linalool, which is found in common plants such as ginger, coriander and lavender, showed potent radio protective activity, with 80 per cent of cells remaining viable after exposure to radiation. (prweb.com)
- The plant extracts included Barbados cherry (Acerola), prickly pear, ginkgo biloba, willow and ginger root. (nutraingredients.com)
- 3. DTDC for Plant Extract Ginger Oil with ISO, CE: usd to separate the solvent from the wet meal. (ipras.org)
- 4. Miscella tank 1st evaporation for Plant Extract Ginger Oil with ISO, CE: pump the miscella (oil with solvent) in to the miscella 1st , then add saline water to it. (ipras.org)
- 5. Miscella tank 2nd evaporation for Plant Extract Ginger Oil with ISO, CE: the purified miscella will be pumped into it, and use high temperature steam to let solvent evaporate out. (ipras.org)
- 6. Miscella stripping for Plant Extract Ginger Oil with ISO, CE: it will remove the remaining solvent in miscella. (ipras.org)
- 7. Condensers for Plant Extract Ginger Oil with ISO, CE: to cooling the solvent gas separated from the wet meal and miscella for recycling. (ipras.org)
- Plant of the ginger family, used as fragrance in cosmetics. (paulaschoice.com)
- It involves the use of hydrocarbon solvents such as pentane, butane, and hexane to extract the oil. (mippin.com)
- Dry leaves of Eulaliopsis binata were extracted using different solvents (methanol, ethyl acetate, and hexane), and the extracts obtained were further investigated for in vitro / in vivo toxicological study. (rsc.org)
- It is possible to create effective, natural insecticides from these substances to protect crops that, unlike wild plants, may have lost their capability through cultivation to cope with pests. (amnh.org)
- An equal volume of Dilution Solution is added to the extract to neutralize inhibitory substances prior to PCR. (sigmaaldrich.com)
- J. Mark Powell described the results of three studies undertaken to determine how adding plant substances called "tannins" to cow feed affects the emission of ammonia from dairy barn floors and farm fields fertilized with mixtures of cow manure and urine. (eponline.com)
- Plant extracts are natural substances which are removed from the tissue of a plant, to be used for a particular purpose. (marketresearchfuture.com)
- One of the first New Zealand natural plant products to be used commercially was kauri gum, a resin that oozes from kauri trees ( Agathis australis ), which grow in the far north. (teara.govt.nz)
- Extract-N-Amp products are Sigma Advanced Technology certified. (sigmaaldrich.com)
- Phytomedicines & herbal extracts are majorly used in pharmaceuticals and dietary supplements in the form of capsules and tablets and also in cosmetic products. (marketsandmarkets.com)
- The plant extracts market, based on application, is segmented into pharmaceuticals & dietary supplements, food & beverages, cosmetics, and other which includes personal care products and toiletries. (marketsandmarkets.com)
- Many famous extract suppliers were presenting, showcasing the animal and plant extracts, herbal teas, medicinal plants, traditional pharmaceutical raw materials , functional food, health products and cosmetics raw materials and other products. (articlesfactory.com)
- Unlike in the past, many enterprises is not only regarded the area as platform to show the products, even standing higher than the previous point, use lofty ideas, innovative technology and strategic vision to look at this natural extract feast seriously, in order to further expand their own brand and open up new ways to market. (articlesfactory.com)
- Plant products as antimicrobial agents. (degruyter.com)
- At present, our main products are Astragaloside IV (extracted from Astragalus root), Cycloastragenol, 4'-hydroxy-3'methoxyIsoflavone-7-sug, etc. (ccnmag.com)
- These results suggest that the plant extracts prevent oxidative damage in normal cells probably because of their antioxidant characteristics. (unboundmedicine.com)
- The main objective of this study was the screening of some selected aromatic plants very popular in Greece, with respect to their total phenolic content, antioxidant capacity, reducing activity, and oxidative stability. (mdpi.com)
- Italian researchers found that patients with borderline hyperglycemia who took Pycnogenol, a natural plant extract, showed a significant improvement in their endothelial functions and a reduction in oxidative stress and fasting glucose levels. (diabetesincontrol.com)
- When tested against Erlotinib in a non-small-cell lung cancer model, the Noni leaf extract significantly increased healthy gene response and decreased unhealthy gene response, increased anti-inflammatory expression in the lungs and enhanced antioxidant responses against oxidative injuries. (davidwolfe.com)
- One plant that soon came under the microscope in New Zealand was tree tutu ( Coriaria arborea ) - sheep, cattle and horses died after browsing on its leaves. (teara.govt.nz)
- Plants contain chemicals (in their leaves, berries, bark or other parts) which can have interesting effects. (teara.govt.nz)
- A plant extract combination of fruits, leaves, and roots may help to relieve hangover symptoms, according to a large randomised double-blind placebo-controlled intervention study by researchers from Johannes Gutenberg-University, in Germany. (nutraingredients.com)
- A chemical found in plants could reduce the symptoms of a rare muscle disease that leaves children with little or no control of their movements. (eurekalert.org)
- The Extract-N-Amp Plant PCR Kits contain all the reagents necessary to rapidly extract genomic DNA from plant leaves and amplify targets of interest by PCR. (sigmaaldrich.com)
- The leaves segment is estimated to grow at the highest CAGR because leaves of many plants, including rosemary, aloe vera, basil, thyme, clove leaves are highly rich in antioxidants and also offer anti-microbial properties. (marketsandmarkets.com)
- Their study, published in the journal Pharmaceutical Biology , has shown that the extract taken from the leaves, stem and roots of Carpolobia lutea, could help to protect chemical messengers in the brain which play a vital role in functions including memory and learning. (nottingham.ac.uk)
- This will create a foliar spray that you can apply directly to the leaves of your plants. (gardenguides.com)
- Spray the seaweed fertilizer on the leaves of your indoor plants and on the foliage of your outdoor vegetables, including the undersides of the leaves. (gardenguides.com)
- She began taking an extract of the ground leaves of Clerodendrum inerme at age 14 years 8 months. (latitudes.org)
- The authors report, "Her tics subsided dramatically an hour after taking 1 dose of the extract, which was made from 50 pieces of large leaves or 100 pieces of small leaves, mixed with 100 mL water (500 mg/mL). (latitudes.org)
- Plants keep insects at bay by using physical obstructions, such as tough leaves, spines and hairs, and chemical warfare. (lsuagcenter.com)
- Fragrant plant oil whose active constituents are found in the leaves and the oil obtained from. (paulaschoice.com)
- Product Name: Paclitaxel Condition: Fresh Source: The product is extracted form dry branches and leaves of Taxodiaceae plant Taxus. (tradeindia.com)
- The water extract of A. discoridis leaves exerted significant effect and recorded the lowest MIC and MMC. (scialert.net)
- In conclusion, aqueous extracts of A. discoridis leaves exhibited the highest potency against all pathogens tested. (scialert.net)
- Gambier or gambir is an extract derived from the leaves of Uncaria gambir, a climbing shrub native to tropical Southeast Asia. (wikipedia.org)
- Assessment of antibacterial properties and the active ingredient of plant extracts and its effect on the performance of crucian carp (Carassius auratus gibelio var. (wiley.com)
- BACKGROUND: In this study, the antibacterial properties and active ingredient of plant extracts and its effect on the performance of crucian carp ( Carassius auratus gibelio var. (wiley.com)
- A volatile fragrance ingredient that contains extracts from cinnamon and balsam of Peru. (paulaschoice.com)
- 5.Honeysuckle Flower Extract can be used as anti-infectious active ingredient. (hfcletter.com)
- But compared with the glucose only supplement, those taking the full supplement of plant extracts, minerals/vitamins, and antioxidants reported less severe symptoms. (nutraingredients.com)
- The Folin-Ciocalteu method proved the existence of antioxidants in the aromatic plant extracts. (mdpi.com)
- Finally, active ingredients in the plant extract that might be involved in the formation of GNPs are proposed, based on experiments with pure antioxidants that are known to exist in that plant. (dovepress.com)
- Testing was done to see if these herbal extracts altered the course of toxicity resulting from exposure of cultures of embryonic liver and kidney cells to these three xenobiotics. (rainbow.coop)
- All of the above listed extract combinations were able to prevent toxicity by 1/3 to 1/4 within 1 to 2 days. (rainbow.coop)
- The toxicity of xenobiotics, such as Roundup, Bisphenol-A, and Atrazine, on kidney and liver cells can be prevented and treated by combinations of herbal extracts, especially Dig1 and Dig2. (rainbow.coop)
- 3.Honeysuckle Flower Extract has relatively lower toxicity and side-effects. (hfcletter.com)
- The Noni leaf extract also exhibited no toxicity in normal lung cells - something that chemotherapy and radiation cannot match, as they can damage healthy cells in the process. (davidwolfe.com)
- The effect of dietary thyme-oil extract (TOE) supplementation on immune functions of broilers were assessed by feeding graded levels (50, 100, 200, or 400 ppm) of TOE to male broiler chicks during a 42-d feeding trial compared with negative- or positive-control diets. (nih.gov)
- thyme-oil extract. (nih.gov)
- Iron Fuzion is a plant-based iron supplement featuring a blend of organic thyme and echinacea root. (dreddyclinic.com)
- 9. The fermented plant extract of claim 5, where the plant extract is derived from an extract selected from the group composed of a thyme extract, an oregano extract, a echinacea extract, a black tea extract, a tansy extract and a valerian extract. (sumobrain.com)
- Why study plant chemicals? (teara.govt.nz)
- Poisonous plants may also contain chemicals new to science. (teara.govt.nz)
- Some contain natural chemicals not found in any other plants. (teara.govt.nz)
- The research team is working with a company that extracts the chemicals for commercial use as "fountain of youth" preparations. (voanews.com)
- Tannins also are a key part of the diets of cattle, sheep and goats in tropical areas where vegetation tends to be naturally higher in the astringent plant chemicals. (eponline.com)
- HIRSCHFELD, GERMANY - Scientists in Germany have come up with a method for extracting the precious element germanium from plants. (freerepublic.com)
- Scientists have developed an ointment using plant extracts that may be effective in treating melanoma. (ndtv.com)
- Scientists have developed an ointment using plant extracts that may be effective in treating melanoma, the most aggressive form of skin cancer. (ndtv.com)
- In a fly model of Parkinson's disease, scientists discovered the extracts also extended the lifespan of flies whose brains were overloaded with a gummy protein implicated in Parkinson's disease called alpha-synuclein. (voanews.com)
- Rutgers University plant scientists are truly into something hot. (rxpgnews.com)
- An $8 million, five-year botanical research grant from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) will enable Rutgers plant scientists to collaborate with Pennington researchers in forming the NIH Center for Botanicals and Metabolic Syndrome, one of five newly funded NIH dietary supplement research centers. (rxpgnews.com)
- With citizens' groups seeking government regulation of foul-smelling ammonia emissions from large dairy farms, scientists reported that adding natural plant extracts to cow feed can reduce levels of the gas by one-third while reducing the need to fortify cow feed with expensive protein supplements. (eponline.com)
- The AgCenter scientists also were able to extract and identify from the roots several other components especially active in the repelling and killing of termites. (lsuagcenter.com)
- The communications all presented by Dr. Armin Vikari, Product Manager for XTRACT Bioactives, offered a well-balanced combination of new scientific research with Eugenol, Cinnamaldehyde and Capsicum Oleoresin in beef and dairy cattle as well as new nutritional insights in the use of plant extracts in poultry. (allaboutfeed.net)
- The specific biofilm formation index (SBF) was evaluated before and after the addition of plant extracts (MBC × 0.75). (hindawi.com)
- CV Therapeutics made a synthetic extract called selective aldehyde dehydrogenase-2 inhibitor or ALDH2i. (foxnews.com)
- The phytomedicines & herbal extracts segment is projected to grow at the highest CAGR as they offer multiple health benefits without any adverse effects when compared to synthetic drugs. (marketsandmarkets.com)
- There is no need to rely on synthetic ingredients with these powerful plants around! (biome.com.au)
- They next tested the extracts in fruit flies that were genetically modified to develop symptoms of Alzheimer's. (voanews.com)
- Seaweed also contains growth hormones that are helpful for plant germination, and increase flower and fruit yield. (gardenguides.com)
- 2.Shandong Microwave Machinery Co.,Ltd.Independent research and development of large air shaft without hoop equipment, overtuns the traditional process, make Plant For Extracting Of Cinnamon Bark Oil more stable and reduce the cost maintenance time of Palm Fruit Processing Lineusers. (epier.com)
- 3. Add Plant For Extracting Of Cinnamon Bark Oilnon-stop refueling system, automatic system for the butter, air cooling system, high efficiency, low energy consumption, smooth operation, the Palm Fruit Processing Line quality is stable and reliable. (epier.com)
- Mass production of food relies on densely packed plants of the same type (monocultures), which are vulnerable to attack by insects. (amnh.org)
- The Plant Extracts Market is segmented into various categories in the IndustryARC market research report by type, byform, by end use industry and by geography. (storify.com)
- A fragrant extract from a type of acacia tree. (paulaschoice.com)