Seedless nonflowering plants of the class Filicinae. They reproduce by spores that appear as dots on the underside of feathery fronds. In earlier classifications the Pteridophyta included the club mosses, horsetails, ferns, and various fossil groups. In more recent classifications, pteridophytes and spermatophytes (seed-bearing plants) are classified in the Subkingdom Tracheobionta (also known as Tracheophyta).
The above-ground plant without the roots.
PLANTS, or their progeny, whose GENOME has been altered by GENETIC ENGINEERING.
Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)
Proteins found in plants (flowers, herbs, shrubs, trees, etc.). The concept does not include proteins found in vegetables for which VEGETABLE PROTEINS is available.
The usually underground portions of a plant that serve as support, store food, and through which water and mineral nutrients enter the plant. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982; Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)
The functional hereditary units of PLANTS.
Concentrated pharmaceutical preparations of plants obtained by removing active constituents with a suitable solvent, which is evaporated away, and adjusting the residue to a prescribed standard.
New immature growth of a plant including stem, leaves, tips of branches, and SEEDLINGS.
Plants whose roots, leaves, seeds, bark, or other constituent parts possess therapeutic, tonic, purgative, curative or other pharmacologic attributes, when administered to man or animals.
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of plants.
Processes orchestrated or driven by a plethora of genes, plant hormones, and inherent biological timing mechanisms facilitated by secondary molecules, which result in the systematic transformation of plants and plant parts, from one stage of maturity to another.
Parts of plants that usually grow vertically upwards towards the light and support the leaves, buds, and reproductive structures. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)
Plants or plant parts which are harmful to man or other animals.
Basic functional unit of plants.
A plant genus of the family BRASSICACEAE that contains ARABIDOPSIS PROTEINS and MADS DOMAIN PROTEINS. The species A. thaliana is used for experiments in classical plant genetics as well as molecular genetic studies in plant physiology, biochemistry, and development.
The genetic complement of a plant (PLANTS) as represented in its DNA.
The parts of plants, including SEEDS.
An organism of the vegetable kingdom suitable by nature for use as a food, especially by human beings. Not all parts of any given plant are edible but all parts of edible plants have been known to figure as raw or cooked food: leaves, roots, tubers, stems, seeds, buds, fruits, and flowers. The most commonly edible parts of plants are FRUIT, usually sweet, fleshy, and succulent. Most edible plants are commonly cultivated for their nutritional value and are referred to as VEGETABLES.
Any of the hormones produced naturally in plants and active in controlling growth and other functions. There are three primary classes: auxins, cytokinins, and gibberellins.
Proteins that originate from plants species belonging to the genus ARABIDOPSIS. The most intensely studied species of Arabidopsis, Arabidopsis thaliana, is commonly used in laboratory experiments.
A thin layer of cells forming the outer integument of seed plants and ferns. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
A plant genus of the family SOLANACEAE. Members contain NICOTINE and other biologically active chemicals; its dried leaves are used for SMOKING.
The inherent or induced capacity of plants to withstand or ward off biological attack by pathogens.
Members of the group of vascular plants which bear flowers. They are differentiated from GYMNOSPERMS by their production of seeds within a closed chamber (OVARY, PLANT). The Angiosperms division is composed of two classes, the monocotyledons (Liliopsida) and dicotyledons (Magnoliopsida). Angiosperms represent approximately 80% of all known living plants.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
Closable openings in the epidermis of plants on the underside of leaves. They allow the exchange of gases between the internal tissues of the plant and the outside atmosphere.
A soil-dwelling actinomycete with a complex lifecycle involving mycelial growth and spore formation. It is involved in the production of a number of medically important ANTIBIOTICS.
A large plant family of the order Asterales, subclass Asteridae, class Magnoliopsida. The family is also known as Compositae. Flower petals are joined near the base and stamens alternate with the corolla lobes. The common name of "daisy" refers to several genera of this family including Aster; CHRYSANTHEMUM; RUDBECKIA; TANACETUM.
The reproductive organs of plants.
The encapsulated embryos of flowering plants. They are used as is or for animal feed because of the high content of concentrated nutrients like starches, proteins, and fats. Rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed are also produced for the oils (fats) they yield.
A genus of bacteria that form a nonfragmented aerial mycelium. Many species have been identified with some being pathogenic. This genus is responsible for producing a majority of the ANTI-BACTERIAL AGENTS of practical value.
A plant species of the family SOLANACEAE, native of South America, widely cultivated for their edible, fleshy, usually red fruit.
An actinomycete from which the antibiotics STREPTOMYCIN, grisein, and CANDICIDIN are obtained.
The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.
Poisoning by the ingestion of plants or its leaves, berries, roots or stalks. The manifestations in both humans and animals vary in severity from mild to life threatening. In animals, especially domestic animals, it is usually the result of ingesting moldy or fermented forage.
Any compound that contains a constituent sugar, in which the hydroxyl group attached to the first carbon is substituted by an alcoholic, phenolic, or other group. They are named specifically for the sugar contained, such as glucoside (glucose), pentoside (pentose), fructoside (fructose), etc. Upon hydrolysis, a sugar and nonsugar component (aglycone) are formed. (From Dorland, 28th ed; From Miall's Dictionary of Chemistry, 5th ed)
The loss of water vapor by plants to the atmosphere. It occurs mainly from the leaves through pores (stomata) whose primary function is gas exchange. The water is replaced by a continuous column of water moving upwards from the roots within the xylem vessels. (Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)
Very young plant after GERMINATION of SEEDS.
The use of wings or wing-like appendages to remain aloft and move through the air.
A localized proliferation of plant tissue forming a swelling or outgrowth, commonly with a characteristic shape and unlike any organ of the normal plant. Plant tumors or galls usually form in response to the action of a pathogen or a pest. (Holliday, P., A Dictionary of Plant Pathology, 1989, p330)
Complex nucleoprotein structures which contain the genomic DNA and are part of the CELL NUCLEUS of PLANTS.
Oils which evaporate readily. The volatile oils occur in aromatic plants, to which they give odor and other characteristics. Most volatile oils consist of a mixture of two or more TERPENES or of a mixture of an eleoptene (the more volatile constituent of a volatile oil) with a stearopten (the more solid constituent). The synonym essential oils refers to the essence of a plant, as its perfume or scent, and not to its indispensability.
The body of a fungus which is made up of HYPHAE.
A plant species of the family POACEAE. It is a tall grass grown for its EDIBLE GRAIN, corn, used as food and animal FODDER.
Systems of medicine based on cultural beliefs and practices handed down from generation to generation. The concept includes mystical and magical rituals (SPIRITUAL THERAPIES); PHYTOTHERAPY; and other treatments which may not be explained by modern medicine.
Total mass of all the organisms of a given type and/or in a given area. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990) It includes the yield of vegetative mass produced from any given crop.
A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Acetic acid derivatives of the heterocyclic compound indole. (Merck Index, 11th ed)
Microscopic threadlike filaments in FUNGI that are filled with a layer of protoplasm. Collectively, the hyphae make up the MYCELIUM.
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
The figwort plant family of the order Lamiales. The family is characterized by bisexual flowers with tubular corollas (fused petals) that are bilaterally symmetrical (two-lips) and have four stamens in most, two of which are usually shorter.

Controlled induction of GUS marked clonal sectors in Arabidopsis. (1/318)

Stably transformed Arabidopsis lines in which GUS marked cell clones are readily produced in response to heat-shock have been established and characterized. Control of GUS activation is achieved by heat-shock-induced FLP recombinase activity which "switches on" expression of a GUS marker gene previously held transcriptionally silent. To obtain efficient GUS sectoring, single insert Arabidopsis lines carrying FLP recombinase under the control of a heat-shock-inducible promoter and an FLP-activatable GUS construct were generated. Analysis of GUS sectoring in lines hemizygous and homozygous for both inserts was conducted after various regimes of heat-shock were given at various developmental stages. It is shown that GUS sectoring events can be efficiently induced in most vegetative, aerial and sexual structures in Arabidopsis. Furthermore, the frequency of sectoring events, sector size and, to some extent, the tissues in which sectors are generated can be readily controlled by choice of the conditions and timing of heat-shock used.  (+info)

Antiproliferative constituents in plants 9. Aerial parts of Lippia dulcis and Lippia canescens. (2/318)

The antiproliferative constituents in the MeOH extracts of the aerial parts of Lippia dulcis Trev. and Lippia canescens Kunth (Verbenaceae) were investigated. Activity-guided chemical investigation of the MeOH extracts resulted in the isolation of the three bisabolane-type sesquiterpenes [(+)-hernandulcin (1), (-)-epihernandulcin (2), and (+)-anymol (3)] and four phenylethanoid glycosides [acteoside (4), isoacteoside (5), martynoside (6), and a new diacetylmartynoside (7)] from the former, and four phenylethanoid glycosides [acteoside (4), isoacteoside (5), arenarioside (8), and leucosceptoside A (9)] and three flavones [desmethoxycentaureidin (10), eupafolin (11), and 6-hydroxyluteolin (12)] from the latter. Antiproliferative activity of the isolated compounds against murine melanoma (B16F10), human gastric adenocarcinoma (MK-1), and human uterine carcinoma (HeLa) cells was estimated. (+)-Anymol (3), acteoside (4), isoacteoside (5), arenarioside (8), eupafolin (11), and 6-hydroxyluteolin (12) had GI50 values of 10-16 microM against B16F10 cell. Desmethoxycentaureidin (10) and eupafolin (11) showed high inhibitory activity against HeLa cell growth (GI50 9 microM, and 6 microM, respectively).  (+info)

Screening of South American plants against human immunodeficiency virus: preliminary fractionation of aqueous extract from Baccharis trinervis. (3/318)

Ethanolic and aqueous extracts of 14 South American medicinal plants were tested for inhibitory activity on human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Both extracts were relatively non-toxic to human lymphocytic MT-2 cells, but only the aqueous extract of Baccharis trinervis exhibited potent anti-HIV activity in an in vitro MTT assay. To delineate the extract-sensitive phase, some studies of the antiviral properties of the active extract are described in this paper. Based on the results presented here, a separation scheme was devised, which permitted the preliminary fractionation of the extract, with the aim of finding an inhibitor of this virus.  (+info)

A new pyrroloquinazoline alkaloid from Linaria vulgaris. (4/318)

A new alkaloid, 1,2,3,9-tetrahydropyrrolo(2,1-b)quinazolin-1-carboxylic acid (1), together with eight known compounds, 7-hydroxy vasicine (2), benzyl alcohol beta-D-(2'-O-beta-xylopyranosyl)glucopyranoside (3), benzyl alcohol O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (4), benzyl alcohol O-beta-D-primveroside (5), 3,5-dimethyl-4-hydroxy benzaldehyde (6), gluco-syringic acid (7), syringin (8), and liriodendrin (9), were isolated from the plants of Linaria vulgaris. Their structures were established by spectroscopic methods.  (+info)

New megastigmane glycoside and aromadendrane derivative from the aerial part of Piper elongatum. (5/318)

A new megastigmane glycoside, called pipeloside A, and a new aromadendrane type sesquiterpenoid, pipelol A, were isolated from the MeOH extract of the aerial part of Piper elongatum VAHL. along with a known megastigmane glycoside, byzantionoside B. The structures of these compounds were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic data and chemical evidence.  (+info)

Cytotoxic compounds from Polygala vulgaris. (6/318)

To search for antitumor agents from plants, we studied Polygala vulgaris since cytotoxic lignans are known to occur in some Polygala species. Preliminary data on plant petrol ether, chloroform, and methanol extracts from the roots and aerial parts, showed in vitro cytotoxic activity against the solid tumor LoVo cell line. Fractionation of the active extracts led to the isolation of three new compounds, a derivative of aucuparine and two xanthones, as well as a known methylsinapate. All compounds were tested for in vitro cytotoxic activity using two cell lines, LoVo and its strain, which express resistance to common antitumor agents.  (+info)

Taxumairols X--Z, new taxoids from Taiwanese Taxus mairei. (7/318)

In addition to 19-dydroxybaccatin III, 1beta-hydroxy-5 alpha-deacetylbaccatin I, taxayuntin G and 13-O-deacetyltaxumairol Z (4), three new taxane diterpenoids, taxumairols X (1), Y (2), Z (3) have been isolated from extracts of the Formosan Taxus mairei (LEMEE & LEVL.) S. Y. HU. Compounds 1-2 belong to the 11(15-->1)-abeo-taxane system, having a tetrahydrofuran ring at C-2, C-3, C-4 and C-20. The new compound 3 and 4, which was misidentified previously are derivatives of 11(15-->1)-abeo-taxane with an intact oxirane system. The structures of compounds 1-4 were elucidated on the basis of extensive two dimensional (2D)-NMR analysis.  (+info)

New phenylethanoid glycosides from Bacopa monniera. (8/318)

Three new phenylethanoid glycosides, viz. monnierasides I-III (1-3) along with the known analogue plantainoside B were isolated from the glycosidic fraction of Bacopa monniera. Their structures were elucidated mainly on the basis of two dimensional (2D) NMR spectral analyses.  (+info)

Phyto Extractions Shatter Phyto Extractions Shatter Phyto Extractions Shatter Phyto Extractions Shatter Phyto Extractions Shatter Phyto Extractions Shatter Phyto Extractions Shatter Phyto Extractions Shatter
This page highlights species information RE: Emilia sonchifolia from the Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk project (PIER) (
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By Clara Kientz. The April Shatter the Silence Lunch Hour, hosted by the Center for Advocacy, Response and Education, or CARE, will be from noon to 1 p.m. April 13 in 206 Holton Hall. Please note, this is a change from the previously announced date of April 6.. Shatter the Silence Lunch Hour is named in recognition of the cultural norms that encourage individuals to stay silent about the issues of sexual violence. Shatter the Silence is a judgement-free open discussion regarding issues of campus violence and healthy relationships.. The topic for this lunch hour will be Fifty Shades of Grey. Anyone who has read the book, seen the movie, or has interest in this discussion is encouraged to attend and share their thoughts. Conversations will be regarding the influence or issues this book may have on intimate relationships or the changing culture. Students, faculty, staff and all interested are asked to express their views, concerns and opinions on issues related to the book or film.. Anyone who ...
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Is it just us, or does Million Dollar Listing New Yorks Emilia Bechrakis Serhant always look radiant and flawless? Seriously. Every time the kickass mom and attorney posts a new photo, we cant help but stare in admiration of her natural glow. Luckily for us, Ryan Serhants wife just told us where - or better yet who - to turn to for the key to her luminous complexion. On Monday, Emilia shared a stunning photo of herself that stopped us in our tracks. In the pic, Emilia sported a fabulous makeup look featuring fluttery lashes, rosy cheeks, and a neutral pink pout. Her hair was styled into loose waves and her complexion appeared hydrated, healthy, and luminous. So, whats Emilias secret? In the caption, Emilia shouted out makeup artist Judi Gabbay and skin expert Judit Galambosi of JEDERM skin atelier: the power duo keeping her glowing. I just realized that a Judi and Judit are responsible for making my skin look so good. (And whatever crazy alien lights these are that are blinding my pores) ...
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Minister for Justice Alan Shatter is to reduce the size of the Reserve Defence Force and cut its funding by 50 per cent following…
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Most broken bones dont shatter. Thats very rare. Researchers have figured out why it doesnt do that, and it is because our bones are filled with goo.
Justice Minister Alan Shatter has come under renewed pressure to set up a public inquiry into the murder of Fr Niall Molloy (pictured).
Definition of Subfamily Papilionoideae with photos and pictures, translations, sample usage, and additional links for more information.
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中文名(Chinese Name) 英文名(English Name) 拉丁名( Latin Name ) 拼音(PinYin Name) 药用部位 有效成分 一点红 Sowthistle Tasselflower Herb/Red Tasselflower Emilia sonchifolia (Linn.)DC. Yidianhong 全草(He
Emilia Clarkes Game of Thrones Co-Star Diagnosed with Cancer Emilia Clarke is a giggly gal as she makes her way through LAX Airport on Thursday (January 11) in Los Angeles. The Game of Thrones actress made her way to baggage…
USL di Reggio Emilia, the Regional Health Service office for the Italian province of Reggio Emilia, has implemented Zebra Technologies Corporation (NASDAQ: ZBRA) wireless solutions throughout the hospital.
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Taking out a mortgage. Getting married in a park. Going for a fall foliage drive. Cashing a check. Who knew that so many random activities of daily life could be imperiled by a shutdown of the federal government?
Yeah good luck getting if off anything it makes contact with. Mine is so green that its black. :laugh: Most definitely black just scraped it together, do...
As the chart shows, 2015 will be more than 0.2 °C hotter than 1998, despite having a slightly weaker El Niño warming influence. That temperature difference is the result of human-caused global warming. If we look at the temperature trends just for El Niño years, for La Niña years, and for neutral years, each has a trend of 0.15-0.17 °C global surface warming per decade since the 1960s. The years during the mythical pause fall right along the long-term trend lines for each category (e.g., the blue points are consistently near the blue trend line). ...
A powerful Arctic cold front will bring the coldest temperatures of the season next week to most of the United States, breaking dozens of November records in the central, southern and eastern parts of the country.
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Brazils political crisis will probably curb a long-awaited economic rebound after doubts over major fiscal reforms weakened the currency and led the central bank to signal a slower pace of interest rate cuts, economists said.
Tonights the night, as millions of moviegoers will band together to bid a fond, final farewell to the beloved characters of Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 2.
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For Harriette Thompson, 15th times the charm. Thats how many times the 91-year-old has run the Rock n Roll San Diego Marathon. This past Sunday...
When a man strongly asserts his point of view and autonomy, he is hailed as a strong, competent leader. When a woman exhibits the same executive qualities, she is labeled a brusque, overbearing bitch. This is not really news anymore, is it? Yet these unfair perceptions are a key reason why only five percent of Fortune 500 company CEOs are women ...
England bowlers Chris Woakes and Stuart Broad ended the hopes of an Irish victory for the ages with a devastating display of seam bowling
Amazon shattered the price of its best-selling Instant Pot DUO Plus pressure cooker, taking almost half off the $100 list price. This one-day deal is for the 3-quart mini version of the DUO Plus model, the perfect size for 1 or 2 people. This 9-in-1 multifunction cooker has 13 programmable functions and an Alexa Skill.
Her bones are like glass and they can break very easily. I am scared... very scared... to even touch her. What if I hurt her? - Mother | Mllaap, Indias largest crowdfunding site
Today I read an article that discusses the same issue and also advertises for an upcoming mental health awareness event called Ride Dont Hide which is a spinning relay that takes place on May 7. (For details see the RideDontHide site or the CMHA site). From the Ride Dont Hide site: On August 1, 2010, Michael Schratter left on a one year global journey, cycling 40,000 km, crossing 6 continents and 30 countries, in an effort to bring awareness to mental illness and help shatter the stigmas that surround it. This endeavor is more than cycling trip; it is an international movement for personal rights. Raising awareness, expectations, and funds, Michael Schratter will help shatter the stigma, one pedal at a time ...
Emmanuel Mutai runs 42.2 kilometer race in 2 hours, 4 minutes, 40 seconds, breaking previous record by fellow countryman by half minute
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Baccharis trimera improves the antioxidant defense system and inhibits iNOS and NADPH oxidase expression in a rat model of inflammation.
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Leonurus cardiaca (es); szúrós gyöngyajak (hu); Leonurus cardiaca (ast); عادی دام اوْتو (azb); Арыҫлан ҡойроғо (ba); Echtes Herzgespann (de); Leonurus cardiaca (ga); Առյուծագի սովորական (hy); дяволска уста (bg); Almindelig Hjertespand (da); Leonurus cardiaca (ro); Srdcovník obyčajný (sk); Собача кропива пятилопатева (uk); Ак буллат (tt); Nukula (fi); Арыстанқұйрық (kk); srdečník obecný (cs); Leonurus cardiaca (it); Zwëczajnô sercnica (csb); Agripaume (fr); Hjärtstilla (sv); lääne-südamerohi (et); Adi damotu (az); Явакьан (lez); لونوروس کاردیاکا (fa); Бабань пиципалакс (myv); Сардэчнік сардэчны (be); Prawa křižowka (hsb); Leonurus cardiaca (pt); Srčanica (hr); sirds mātere (lv); 灰白益母草 (zh); Срдачица (sr); Deljenolistna srčnica (sl); Чĕре курăкĕ (cv); Leonurus cardiaca (vi); Leonurus cardiaca ...
Chemical composition and antibacterial activity of essential oils from different parts of Leonurus japonicus Houtt.: The herb and fruits of Leonurus japonicus H
Enhancing Hepatoprotective Bioactives of Phyllanthus Amarus Through Immobilization by Growth Promoters and Media Changes, JS Thakur, RK Agarwal, MD Kharya
Rangelands are the mainstay of pastoral livelihoods worldwide Within rangelands there are landscape depressions or lowlands characterized by high production potentials with their unique edaphic and hydrologic properties The purpose of this ongoing research is to evaluate the effect of grazing exclusion on the vegetation characteristics and plant community structure in the arid lowland pastoral ecosystems Plots were randomly identified within two distinct lowlands in Majidya and Sabha in the Jordanian Badia Preliminary results indicate that the total biomass and plant density widely differed between the open grazed and protected areas P0001 in both sites Total annual dry matter production was 954 kg ha1 for protected and 151 kg ha1 for open grazed areas in Majidya and 1749 kg ha1 for protected and 20 kg ha1 for open grazed areas in Sabha The average plant densities in open grazed areas were 29 and 16 plantsm2 compared to 83 and 612 plantsm2 in protected areas in Majidya and Sabha respectively ...
Our finding that sucrose uptake by permeable aerial tissues is necessary and sufficient to stimulate lateral root formation in culture was unanticipated because roots of plants grown in culture are in contact with sucrose at all times; therefore, one would not expect sucrose to be limited by reduced access through the aerial tissues. Nevertheless, when aerial tissues could not take up sucrose, either because of an impermeable cuticle or an artificial barrier between the tissues and the media (i.e., Parafilm), lateral root formation was completely repressed in our assay system. This suggests that exogenous sucrose acts differently at the aerial tissues than at the root. Similarly, Takahashi et al. (2003) previously showed that adventitious roots were stimulated by sucrose in culture but that the hypocotyl had to be in direct contact with the sucrose medium for this stimulation to take place, leading them to conclude that the stimulatory sucrose was not derived from the primary root. It is ...
Emilia (Kulatchov) Sivakoff, 83, of Southington, CT died March 13, 2019 after a courageous battle against pancreatic cancer. She was the beloved wife of the late William John Sivakoff. She leaves behind to cherish her memories her two daughters: Natasha (Stephen) Koll of Oyster Bay, NY and Dr. Alla Sivakoff of Cheshire, CT. The two biggest joys of her life were caring and loving her two grandchildren, Carley Allen and William Allen. William Allen was lucky enough to share a birthday with Emilia for 13 years. Emilia had a wonderful smile, compassion for people and animals, and loved playing her bridge (just shy of becoming a Life Master). After attending school at Ohio State, to be close to her future husband, she moved with him to Connecticut, where they spent the majority of their lives together. William and Emilia were married for 42 years. Emilia taught foreign language in the school systems before she had her two daughters. She spoke Russian, French, and English fluently. A memorial donation ...
Over the last 50 years, laboratories around the world analyzed the pharmacological effect of |i|Bacopa monniera|/i| extract in different dimensions, especially as a nerve tonic and memory enhancer. Studies in animal model evidenced that |i|Bacopa|/i| treatment can attenuate dementia and enhances memory. Further, they demonstrate that |i|Bacopa|/i| primarily either acts via antioxidant mechanism (i.e., neuroprotection) or alters different neurotransmitters (serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT), dopamine (DA), acetylcholine (ACh), |i|γ|/i|-aminobutyric acid (GABA)) to execute the pharmacological effect. Among them, 5-HT has been shown to fine tune the neural plasticity, which is a substrate for memory formation. This review focuses on the studies which trace the effect of |i|Bacopa|/i| treatment on serotonergic system and 5-HT mediated key molecular changes that are associated with memory formation.
Achillea millefolium is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.6 m (2ft) by 0.6 m (2ft in) at a fast rate. It is hardy to zone (UK) 2 and is not frost tender. It is in flower from Jun to August, and the seeds ripen from Jul to September. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects.It is noted for attracting wildlife. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in very alkaline soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers dry or moist soil and can tolerate drought. The plant can tolerate maritime exposure.
Background and objectives:Lallemantia iberica (Lamiaceae) is a medicinal plant distributed in different parts of Iran. This research, has evaluated the phytochemical constituents and antioxidant activity of the aerial parts of the plant. Methods: Different chromatographic methods such as column chromatographies using Silica gel (normal and reversed phases), Sephadex LH-20 and HPLC were used for isolation of the compounds from the ethyl acetate and methanol extract of L. iberica aerial parts. The structures of the isolated compounds were elucidated using 1H-NMR, 13C-NMR and EI-MS. Antioxidant activity of the extracts were also evaluated in DPPH and FRAP tests. Results: Two sterols,β-sitosterol acetate (1), β-sitosterol (2), one triterpenoic acid,ursolic acid (3), one polyphenol, rosmarinic acid (4) and six flavonoides,Luteolin-7-O-glucoside (5), 4-methoxy-luteolin-7-O-glucoside (6), apigenin-7-O-glucoside (7), Luteolin (8), diosmetin (9), apigenin (10) were isolated and identified from the ethyl
To evaluate and compare the antioxidant and acetylcholinestrase (AChE)-inhibitory properties of aerial parts of Strophanthus preussii (leaves, stem and root named as SPL, SPS and SPR, respectively) while catechin served as standard. The antioxidant and AchE-inhibitory properties of the methanol extracts of SP were evaluated by standard in vitro methods viz: DPPH (2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazine), nitric oxide (NO), hydroxyl radical (OH-) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) radical scavenging assays as well as reducing power, Fe2+/ascorbate-induced lipid peroxidation (LPO) and AChE inhibition assays. The total phenolic and flavonoid contents of the extracts were also estimated. High phenolic and flavonoid contents were found in the aerial parts of Strophanthus preussii. The amount of phenolic and flavonoids contents followed the order SPL , SPR , SPS at 250─1000 µg/ml. The results revealed that all the extracts showed antioxidant activities in vitro. However, SPL had the highest DPPH, H2O2 and OH ...
China Factory Natural Roselle/ Ilibiscus 10: 1 Extract Powder, Find details about China Roselle Extract, Ilibiscus Extract from Factory Natural Roselle/ Ilibiscus 10: 1 Extract Powder - Xi′an Tianrui Biotech Co., Ltd.
Hari ni nak share mengenai buah roselle. Mungkin ada yang pernah minum air roselle nikan. Tapi saya minum air memang dibuat oleh mak mertua. Husband pun suke. Jadi kalau gi rumah mertua benda tu la cari dulu. Sampai nak habis dah air tu kat umah mertua. Kitorang je yang minumHuhuhu. Bukan saja sedap tapi berkhasiat. Nanti dah pindah ganu memang nak tanam pokok roselle ni kat rumah. Dulu tak tahu rupe bentuk buah ni. Ingat kan macam buah naga. Besar. Tapi sebenarnya kecik-kecik. Sebelum ni pun memang tak tahu pun kewujudannya. Tapi bila dah diperkenalkan oleh mertua ooowhhh baru tau. Mak mertua pun tanam pokok ni kat rumah. Mama beli pokok ni dekat pasar serdang. Tak tahu la mana satu pasarnya. 1 pokok RM2. Berbeza kalau beli buah sahaja harganya 1kg RM10. Kalau nak lagi murah beli kat sarawak. 3kg RM10. Murah gilerkan.Meh nak share macamane nak buat jus/sirapnya. Ni mak mertua yang ajar ...
12b. Baccharis plummerae A. Gray subsp. glabrata Hoover, Vasc. Pl. San Luis Obispo Co. 302. 1970. San Simeon or smooth baccharis Plants 60-80 cm. Stems glabrate, glandular. Leaves linear to narrowly oblanceolate (principal 1- or 3-nerved), 8-35 × 1-2(-3) mm, margins entire or sharply serrate.. Flowering Jun-Nov. Rocky slopes near beaches, sea bluffs, serpentine rock outcrops, chaparral, brushy canyons, woodlands; of conservation concern; 0-100 m; Calif. Known only from coastal scrub in the Santa Lucia Range, northwestern San Luis Obispo County, subsp. glabrata is generally reduced in most characters than subsp. plummerae, with smaller heads and fewer florets (R. M. Beauchamp and J. Henrickson 1995).. ...
One Family Farms Buffalo Jack Shatter tested on November 16, 2018 by Green Leaf Labs. Full terpene and cannabinoid analysis for this specific strain.
Shatter Kidney Stones,- Basically, a kidney stone that was little will come out by itself along with urine. However, if the mass of the stone was already too large needed special assistance, ranging from giving the medications to action operation. Fortunately, the world of medicine today is already quite advanced and one Kidney stone treatment options more and more. In General, there are several methods to destroy kidney stones that are widely used by ...
Not all ear wax/shatter specimens get the celebrity treatment at CannaCritiques, but there was no way we could try Alternative Wellness Clinics version of Pineapple Sage, without awarding a Cream Of The Crop. The medley pairs a Sativa/Afghani Equilibrium with a descendent of Ed Rosenthals original Super Bud seeds, integrating Afghani, Hindu Kush, Mexico, Thailand, and Africa; essentially, a world-traveler. Her aroma was dark and sweet, but no piña colada. The crumble came with near-perfect stickiness, and she was bittersweet on the lips.. The first hit was a humdinger, more than enough for even a Colorado native. It left us gasping for normalcy, with heart pounding through the chest and a compressed head. It was excellent. The effects coursed through all parts of the body, from a block on the brow to a buzzing in the abdomen. The immediate high was strongly narcotic, and reminiscent of pre-surgical anesthesia.. A sole hit was as good as puffing a full bowl, and definitely a one-hitter (or ...
1. Corolla tube puberulous outside; capsule puberulous, splitting into 4 valves ..... M. tanaeciicarpa 1. Corolla tube glabrous outside; capsule glabrous, 2-valved, the valves not splitting in half ..... 2 2(1). Bracteoles large and foliaceous, equaling the calyx; either erect treelets or lianas with the seeds membranous-winged ..... 3 2. Bracteoles subfoliaceous or obsolete, enclosing less than 1/2 the calyx; lianas, often with seed wings thickish or lacking ..... 5 3(2). Shrub or treelet (rarely subscandent); calyx subcoriaceous, bilabiate; fruit subterete ..... M. cladotricha 3. Lianas; calyx membranous, spathaceously split; fruit strongly compressed ..... 4 4(3). Bracts and bracteoles drying light green, conspicuously veined; mature leaflets usually coriaceous; fruit drying greenish yellow to reddish black, > 18 mm wide ..... M. bracteosa 4. Bracts and bracteoles drying black, inconspicuously veined; mature leaflets chartaceous; fruits drying black, less than 17 mm wide ..... M. flaviflora ...
Hello!. My name is Emilia! Thank you for visiting my JustGiving page. I am raising money to go to Footsteps in Oxfordshire where children with neurological conditions receive intensive physiotherapy. They are helping me with my physio to help me be able to walk independently. Love Emilia X. Emilia is a happy and beautiful little girl and she has some tough lifelong challenges ahead of her. Why does Emilia have these challenges? Emilia was diagnosed with a Rare Chromosome Disorder (q13 terminal deletion) at the age of 3 weeks old. Her condition is so rare that she is the only person in the UK with it. Emilia suffers with Global Development Delay, Microcephaly and Hypertonia. This results in her not being able to walk; she has learning difficulties and has difficulty communicating. In addition Emilia does not sleep and has problems with eating. We are desperate to help Emilia to improve her quality of life and as she says, Emilia is being treated at the Footsteps Centre and we are so hopeful ...
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location ...
Several tribes of the Plains region of the United States including the Pawnee and Chippewa tribes used common yarrow. The Pawnee used the stalk in a treatment for pain relief. The Chippewa used the leaves in a steam inhalant for headaches. They also chewed the roots and applied the saliva to their appendages as a stimulant. The Cherokee drank a tea of common yarrow to reduce fever and aid in restful sleep. [1] Herbalist Michael Moore alsowrites that A. millefolium is a great benefit for acute fevers, as a hot infusion. He also writes that it is an effective hemostatic, and helps with irritation of the GI mucosa. [3] ...
These findings suggest that B. monniera may improve higher order cognitive processes that are critically dependent on the input of information from our environment such as learning and memory.
Chamaebatiaria millefolium aka Fernbush. Grows in Sun. Flower Color is and blooms in . Hardiness zone 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b, 10a, 10b. Characteristics: , , --- Chamaebatiaria millefolium, buy Chamaebatiaria millefolium for sale from Plant Delights Nursery, award-winning mail order perennial plants on-line; buy Fernbush for sale, buy Chamaebatiaria for sale, buy perennial plants for sale, sun garden perennials
Buy adel millefolium dilution 30 ch 10 ml dilution pack online at discounted price. visit to know price, benefits and product information of adel millefolium dilution 30 ch.
Ramai saintis percaya pengambilan Roselle akan melambatkan proses penuaan dan mencegah berlakunya penyakit kronik kerana ia menghadkan kerosakan yang dilakukan oleh radikal bebas (Roselle kaya dengan anti oksidan). Banyak penyakit zaman moden dikaitkan dengan masalah tekanan oksidatif akibat daripada aktiviti radikal bebas yang berleluasa pada hari ini. Aktiviti radikal bebas menyebabkan berlakunya proses penuaan pantas terhadap manusia.Ia juga membantu meningkatkan daya tahan tubuh, mengatasi hipertensi, anti infeksi bakteria, membantu proses pencernaan dan mencegah kekurangan vitamin C, mencegah peradangan pada saluran kencing dan pembentukan batu ginjal, mengandungi Flavonoid yang berfungsi sebagai antibiotik pembunuh kuman-kuman penyebab penyakit serta penyaring racun dalam tubuh ...
Find an Anesthesiologist in Roselle, IL. Anesthesiologist reviews, phone number, address and map. Find the best Anesthesiologist in Roselle, IL
Yarrow is well-known for its use as a remedy for cold, flu and fever and also for its skin wound healing and antibiotic properties.
Apricot Delight has deep reddish apricot blooms that then mature to a pale salmon, and they harmonize well with other colors. Apricot Delight has a long blooming season (from early to late summer, with deadheading). This cultivar is smaller than most yarrows, and the blooms make nice cut flowers. -Allan Armitage, Plants to know and grow, Fine Gardening issue #121. ...
Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWGs strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIEDTM on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more , Legal Disclaimer ...
It is so beautiful to know that Spring on the East Coast is almost here. With Spring just around the corner we will be filled with flowers and weeds. Weeds, as are flowers, play an important role in our daily herbal life. Most of us think of weeds as bad but they are so important to us that we should not remove the
Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWGs strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIEDTM on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more , Legal Disclaimer ...
Smith-de Mayo degradation of bacoside A gave jujubogenin and pseudojujubogenin. Other constituents present are D-mannitol, betulic acid, b -sitosterol. stigma-sterol and its esters, heptacosine, octacosane nonacosane, triacontane, hentriacontane, dotriacontane, nicotine, 3-formyl-4-hydroxy-2H-pyran (C 6H603), luteolin and its 7-glucoside. The presence of a -alanine, aspartic acid, glutamic acid and serine is also reported. Isolation of apigenin-7-glucuronide and luteolin-7-glucuronide from leaves; a new minor saponinbacoside A 1- isolated and characterised as 3-o-a -L-arabinofuranosyl (1-3)-a -L-arabinosyl-jujubogenin; isolation of another saponin - bacoside A3 - and its structure elucidated as 3-0-b -D-glucosyl (1-3)-[o-(a -L-arabinofuranosyl (1--2) -0-b -D-glucosyI-jujubogenin;revision of structure ofcis -isomer of ebeline lactone, obtained during acid hydrolysis as another artifact of jujubogenin. Analysis of the leaves and stalks gave: moisture, 88.4; protein, 2.1: fat, 0.6; carbohydrates, ...
2. Achillea setacea Waldstein & Kitaibel, Descr. Icon. Pl. Hung. 1: 82. 1802. 丝叶蓍 si ye shi Achillea millefolium Linnaeus var. setacea (Waldstein & Kitaibel) W. D. J. Koch.. Herbs, perennial, 30-70 cm tall, with procumbent slender rhizomes; stems erect, unbranched or few branched in upper part, usually with short sterile branches at leaf axils above middle, white villous, especially in lower part. Basal leaves petiolate; leaf blade linear-lanceolate, rarely linear-oblong, 8-20 × 1-2 cm, (2 or)3-pinnatisect, both surfaces villous; primary segments many, 1-1.5 mm apart; ultimate segments filiform-linear or linear-lanceolate to lanceolate, 0.5-1.5 × 0.1-0.2 mm, apex cartilaginous-mucronulate; middle and upper stem leaves similar, sessile, gradually smaller. Synflorescence a terminal flat-topped panicle, 2.5-7 cm in diam. Capitula many. Involucres narrowly oblong or ovoid-oblong, 4-4.5 × 2-2.5 mm; phyllaries in 3 rows, yellowish green, midvein greenish, convex, abaxially brownish pilose, ...
This article discusses collecting plant samples. Included are steps to collecting plant samples for herbaceous annuals and perennials, turf, shrubs and trees.
The National Coalition for Sexual Freedom is a national organization committed to creating a political, legal, and social environment in the United States that advances equal rights of consenting adults who practice forms of alternative sexual expression. NCSF is primarily focused on the rights of consenting adults in the SM-leather-fetish, swing, and polyamory communities, who often face discrimination because of their sexual expression.
The newest and most popular style of extract over the scene at the moment, rosin is extracted from either dried buds, trim, or reduced-grade drinking water hash/kief. What is exclusive about rosin is always that it might be created with almost nothing in excess of a standard hair straightener, parchment paper and a few hand-utilized strain. When see this page the fabric is smashed and heated quickly amongst the parchment sheets, it extrudes a lot of the necessary oils current inside the plant, resulting in a golden shatter or oil-like extract that looks similar to pressed large-good quality h2o hash or perhaps solvent-extracted shatter ...
Individual species images that appear with a number in a black box are courtesy of the network ( Individual photo author credits may not be included due to the small display size of the images and subsequent difficulty of reading the provided text. All other images appear courtesy of Google ( ...
Why am I sure its a ternary numeral system? The hint lies in the name of the art, the Golden Hexahedral. Ive no idea if you know this, but a regular hexahedral is cube. Well, I guess it will be easier to understand if you picture it as a dice. It represents the length, breadth and height - and all the independent elements will result in a three-dimensional body. It is similar to the concept of the ternary numeral system with the three independent elements of 0, 1 and 2. That is the reason why Mahas art is named Golden Hexahedral ...
Florida, South Carolina and Texas all reported their biggest one day spikes on Thursday, with some experts predicting the death toll could hit 224,000 by November as states scramble to impose face mask measures
When Degraffenreids boyfriend reached her, she was still fully conscious. But as he pulled her body to shore and lifted her legs out of the water, I was screaming in pain, she said.. I consider myself to be a pretty tough gal. I grew up riding horses and have been thrown off a few times, and Ive always been the type to get right back on the horse. But at that point, it was almost like, I dont know how to explain it, almost animalistic. Like my body just completely took over. It hurt so bad. I was shaking so intensely, she said.. She would continue shaking until 4 a.m. the next day, she said, even after paramedics came and got her doped up as best as they could for being at the bottom of a freaking river.. She was transported to a nearby hospital and eventually transferred to a specialist in Salt Lake where she underwent a five-hour surgery for a fractured kneecap and spine, a broken pelvis, and a shattered tailbone.. ...
The young pair stands before a harrowing decision, but the chemotherapy is Elizavetas only chance for survival. The baby was very active and I often talked to him in my belly, remembers the young woman of the likely darkest moments of her life. But Elizavetas jaw did not heal as planned and the doctors delayed the chemotherapy due to complications. The delay is a indescribable gift for the model: 48 hours before the planned abortion date, the doctors deliver her baby into this world: 10 weeks to early, but still alive.. ...
A new study led by Western Universitys all-star cosmochemist Audrey Bouvier proves that the Earth and other planetary objects formed in the early years of
After Jeff Hardy delivered a Twist of Fate to the WWE Champion Randy Orton to kick off New Years Eve on Raw, it appeared nothing would stop Hardys red-hot momentum leading up to Hardys title opportunity at the Royal Rumble. Consider that momentum train derailed.
Plaintiff shattered much of his pelvis, ribs, and wrist. He suffered significant nerve damage to his pelvic region and lower spine.
... is one of two waxy polymers that are the main components of the plant cuticle, which covers all aerial surfaces of plants ... "The chemical constitution of plant cutins". In Cutler, DF, Alvin, KL and Price, CE (1982) The Plant Cuticle. Academic Press ... Briggs, D.E.G. (1999), "Molecular taphonomy of animal and plant cuticles: selective preservation and diagenesis", Philosophical ...
A four o'clock plant in full bloom. Different color variation in the flower and different color flowers in the same plant. ... It cannot stand the cold as the aerial part, with the first frosts, deteriorates and can die, but the underground part that can ... A fatty acid (8-hydroxyoctadeca-cis-11,14-dienoic acid) is found as a minor component in the seed oil. Analysis of the ... Also when plants with dark-pink flowers are crossed with white-flowered plants, light-pink-flowered offspring are produced. ...
The main structural components of plant cuticles are the unique polymers cutin or cutan, impregnated with wax. The cuticles of ... young shoots and all other aerial plant organs. Cuticles minimize water loss and effectively reduce pathogen entry due to their ... The cuticle both prevents plant surfaces from becoming wet and helps to prevent plants from drying out. Xerophytic plants such ... Plants that live in range of sea's spray also may have thicker cuticles that protect them from the toxic effects of salt. Some ...
In essence, they have a lower, underground component and an upper, aerial component. The underground part develops roots that ... whether the plant is herbaceous or woody. Each plant commences its growth as a herbaceous plant. Plants that remain herbaceous ... Plant habit refers to the overall shape of a plant, and it describes a number of components such as stem length and development ... Some types of plant habit include: Herbaceous plants (also called herbs or forbs): a plant whose structures above the surface ...
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agreeing for the supply of British textile machinery to a polyester fiber plant being constructed in Krasnoyarsk in Siberia. In ... in order to protect the Communist nation's industry from aerial bombardment. Over the next ten years, strategically important ... industries (such as munitions and chemicals) would have "a redundant set of more critical components constructed underground" ... all new major plants must be built underground instead of on the surface" ...
These components may be provided in pedestal closures, aerial and buried closures and terminals, or equipment located at ... are passive telecommunications components used in an outside plant environment. They provide drop connections to customers from ... Outside plant applications may require connectors be located underground, or on outdoor walls or utility poles. In such ... According to Telcordia GR-13[1], these closures may house such components as copper terminal blocks, coaxial taps, or passive ...
Aerial uses of fire retardants are required to avoid application near waterways and endangered species (plant and animal ... However, on the positive side, fire retardant (specifically its nitrogen and phosphorus components) has been shown to have a ... "Plant flammability list" (PDF). Retrieved 10 January 2021. "Fire-prone plant list". Archived from the original on 9 August 2018 ... Exposure to smoke from burning plants promotes germination in other types of plants by inducing the production of the orange ...
An aerial plant network requires high-quality reliable hardware to Structurally support the distribution cable plant Provide ... and isolation connections for the metallic and dielectric components of the network. Functional performance requirements common ... plant from the pole to the customer premises Transition cable plant from the aerial network to underground and buried plant ... The primary purpose of pole attachment hardware is to secure the cable and associated aerial plant facilities to poles and to ...
The plant then grows as an epiphyte. Once it has reached a sufficient size and age, it will begin producing aerial roots that ... making them a highly noticeable component of the ecosystems in which they are found. They are found in great numbers in road ... Aerial roots serve two primary purposes. They allow the philodendron to attach itself to a tree or other plant, and they allow ... The aerial roots occur in many shapes and sizes and originate from most of the plant's nodes or occasionally from an internode ...
These plants are about two to three feet off the ground. Mother undergoes labor for several weeks, laying only a few eggs per ... Generally, the fights engaged by L. arthemis are aerial maneuvers which are initiated once a nonresident male files into his ... It is established that the "competition" component of the fight is the circling flight, often followed by the horizontal chase ... Females lay eggs on leaves of food plants (see Food Resources for details), specifically at the very tips of these leaves, to ...
Additionally, in depth instruction is provided on a wide variety of mechanical systems components. The first phase is 16 weeks ... In this annex students learn aerial line material, line equipment tools and how to perform an infrared survey. Soldier students ... Students learn how to operate and maintain the Army's Multi-Unit 4.5 Megawatt electrical power plants, 3 Megawatt electrical ... The second phase of training, focusing on "hands-on" instruction, power plant technologies, operation and maintenance of power ...
... and the plants on 4 height locations (mountain peaks) were formed for the first radar aerial surveillance system of Switzerland ... The system was ordered on 31 January 1952, in a larger number of radar systems, radar components from which were compiled by ... is problematic and could only be improved by improve the electronic components. As such, the SFR system was only in use for ...
The correct amount of plant nutrients can also play a role in host resistance. Adequate nutrition allows the plant's natural, ... There is a complex interaction between shade, meteorological effects such as rainfall or dry periods, and aerial dispersal of ... Nitrogen is a critical component of chlorophyll, which is central to photosynthesis. Potassium helps to increase the thickness ... Continuous colonization of the pathogen depletes the plants resources for surviving until the plant no longer has enough energy ...
The plant is poisonous to chickens. The aerial parts and roots of greater celandine are used in herbalism. The above-ground ... In Germany and Switzerland, extracts of Chelidoni herba are a controversial component of the gastric remedy "Iberogast". The ... It is considered an aggressive invasive plant in parts of North America, and an invasive plant in other areas. In Wisconsin, ... Control is obtained mainly via pulling or spraying the plant before seed dispersal. The whole plant is toxic in moderate doses ...
"Rubisco and C4 Plants" (PDF). RSC: Advancing the Chemical Sciences. RSC. "Abiotic Components". Department of Biodiversity and ... Abiotic factors in ocean environments also include aerial exposure, substrate, water clarity, solar energy and tides. Consider ... Component degradation of a substance occurs by chemical or physical processes, e.g. hydrolysis. All non-living components of an ... C3 plants have no mechanisms to manage photorespiration, whereas C4 and CAM plants utilize a separate PEP Carboxylase enzyme to ...
RDECOM/amrdec-develops-critical-components-for-lethal-miniature-aerial-missile-system-fc55fa358e4b#.ukm6e6r6g v t e. ... It is intended to combat non-line-of-sight targets such as snipers and enemy combatants planting IEDs. It can also attack ... The Lethal Miniature Aerial Missile System (LMAMS) is a small, man-portable loitering munition developed for the U.S. Army. ... Six critical government-owned components have been tested by the U.S. Army Aviation and Missile Research, Development and ...
Brake friction components Virginia Forge - Wheel hubs for auto industry Volvo North America - Heavy truck assembly plant ... Aerial devices for utility and telecommunications trucks Advance Auto - International headquarters Cardinal Rubber & Seal - ... Components for rail, trucks, and buses Metalsa - Heavy truck parts Norfolk Southern - Railroad Salem Preferred Partners - ... turf/plant health OcuCure Therapeutics - Ophthalmic eye drops to treat age-related macular degeneration Pixel Optics - ...
... nematode damage sometimes leads to increased aerial growth as the plants try to compensate. This possibly enables the plant to ... though it is possible the component stages of the life cycle, e.g. egg development, host root invasion or growth, have slightly ... Females can continue egg laying after harvest of aerial parts of the plant and the survival stage between crops is generally ... Infection of young plants may be lethal, while infection of mature plants causes decreased yield. ...
The test components scan the fiber to locate problems. If a problem is found, its location is noted and the appropriate ... The two types of instruments cover the spectrum of approaches to fiber optic plant taken by communication providers. Hand-held ... aerial platform, open trench, or splicing vehicle. In the late 1990s, OTDR industry representatives and the OTDR user community ... A central computer is used to control the operation of OTDR-like test components located at key points in the fiber network. ...
... have been isolated from the ariel parts of the medicinal plant Hedyotis biflora. H. biflora is a small annual herb ... investigation of Hedyotis species was first published in 1933 upon examining the active components of the medicinal plant H. ... Both hedyotide B1 and B2 belong to the cyclotide superfamily which was known to be an important part of plant innate defense. ... Many species of this genus such as Hedyotis biflora, H. corymbosa and H. diffusa are well known medicinal plants. Hedyotis is ...
... aerial photography showed evidence of a planting scheme on the Mitchelton State School site, along the Mimosa Street and Glen ... An important component of Queensland state schools was their grounds. The early and continuing commitment to play-based ... QImagery, Aerial QAP0768087, 1958. QImagery: Aerial QAP1090017, 1960 Aerial QAP15926694, 1964. ePlan, DPW, Mitchelton SS ... Also, trees and gardens were planted to shade and beautify schools. For planting on Arbor Day in May 1957, the Head Teacher, ...
Plant life is extremely diverse and ranges from sun-loving species to those that grow in dense shade. Tree cover dominates the ... publicly owned land, and is a significant component on privately owned lands. Oak-hickory is the predominant timber type, ... Aerial of Jameson Island in the Big Muddy, view looking south.. Shawnee National Forest[edit]. More than 270,000 acres (1,100 ... With the introduction and application of scrubber technology at power plants, demand for high-sulfur has made a return in the ...
Of the components, camphor and 1,8 cineole are the major compounds found in plant's essential oils. The main constituents of ... Additionally, the dried aerial parts of the plant are traditionally used to treat symptoms of the common cold. With current ... insecticidal and repellent activities of the aerial parts of Achillea santolina are attributed to the oil content of the plant ... It is a traditional plant used as an herbal remedy in many parts of Iraq and Jordan and has been used as an insecticide and ...
These components may be provided in pedestal closures,[note 1][23] aerial and buried closures and terminals, or equipment ... Pedestal terminal closures are intended to house passive telecommunications components used in an Outside Plant (OSP) ... Machine, process and plant engineering. IP-67 dust and water resistant MIC Media Interface Connector Snap n/a 2.5 mm Fiber ... are passive telecommunications components used in an outside plant environment. They provide drop connections to customers from ...
... walls and plants. In the breeding areas, large flies make up around 70% of the diet, with aphids also a significant component. ... The barn swallow is similar in its habits to other aerial insectivores, including other swallow species and the unrelated ... ISBN 978-1-4081-2821-3. Waugh, David R. (1978). Predation strategies in aerial feeding birds (PhD). University of Stirling. ... which regulates international trade in specimens of wild animals and plants. This is a species that has greatly benefited ...
... he was interested in a plants' inner workings and the interaction between its different components. His wide-ranging research ... 24, 2 Abth.) - The aerial roots of orchids. Untersuchungen ueber die Lebermoose, 1874-1881 (six books) - Investigations of ... Known for his work in the fields of plant anatomy and morphology, ... included studies on the embryology and developmental biology of ferns, and investigations involving the physiology of a plants ...
A plant cuticle is a protecting film covering the epidermis of leaves, young shoots and other aerial plant organs without ... To form cuticular wax components, VLCFAs are modified through either two identified pathways, an acyl reduction pathway or a ... Aerial organs of many plants, such as the leaves of the sacred lotus (Nelumbo nucifera) have ultra-hydrophobic and self- ... Together, these features enabled upright plant shoots exploring aerial environments to conserve water by internalising the gas ...
It is the grain for the plant and the beginning for biology as well.' Theoretically grain and soil and woman go together..." ... Gödöllő travel guide from Wikivoyage Official website in Hungarian and English Gödöllő Airport's Website Aerial photographs of ... Bloomberg - Company Overview of Caterpillar Hungary Component Manufacturing Ltd. "Testvérvárosok". (in Hungarian). ... The British pharmaceutical company GlaxoSmithKline has been operating its vaccine plant in the town since 2006. The American ...
Since plants and meat are digested differently, there is a preference for one over the other, as in bears where some species ... while aerial predators such as sulids, kingfishers and terns plunge dive after their prey. Flamingos, three species of prion, ... are varied and often include nectar, fruit, plants, seeds, carrion, and various small animals, including other birds.[43] ... Animals and other heterotrophs must eat in order to survive - carnivores eat other animals, herbivores eat plants, omnivores ...
... or another reserve component commission in the Army National Guard or Reserve, Marine Corps Reserve, Air Force National Guard ... and many others survived torpedo and aerial attacks. From 1942 to 1945, the academy graduated 6,895 officers. As the war drew ... Air Force and their Reserve or National Guard components. Midshipmen may also apply for National Oceanic and Atmospheric ... Planting Fields. *Elmcroft Estate. *Chelsea Estate. *Nassau Hall. *Lillian Sefton Dodge Estate ...
2011) [1984-2000]. The European Garden Flora, Flowering Plants: A Manual for the Identification of Plants Cultivated in Europe ... Arising from the aerial stem.. Opposite. Two leaves, branches, or flower parts attach at each point or node on the stem. Leaf ... Not every species produces leaves with all of these structural components. The proximal stalk or petiole is called a stipe in ... Esau, Katherine (2006) [1953]. Evert, Ray F (ed.). Esau's Plant Anatomy: Meristems, Cells, and Tissues of the Plant Body: Their ...
They are gymnosperms, cone-bearing seed plants. All extant conifers are perennial woody plants with secondary growth. The great ... Total growth of the aerial parts of a white spruce tree at Chalk River, Ontario, Canada. Can. J. Bot. 42:159-179. ... Conifers are the largest and economically most important component group of the gymnosperms, but nevertheless they comprise ... Seed germinates and seedling grows into a mature plant.. *When the plant is mature, it produces cones and the cycle continues. ...
Current plant design does not provide for converting the lignin portion of plant raw materials to fuel components by ... Plant Research International (2012-03-08). "JATROPT (Jatropha curcas): Applied and technical research into plant properties". ... "World's Largest Pellet Plant to Start by Year-End". Moscow Times *^ "UK falls short of biofuel targets for 2010/2011". ... "Plant Research International. Retrieved 2012-03-08.. *^ Biofuels Magazine (2011-04-11). "Energy Farming Methods Mature, Improve ...
Single or repeated krlee or similar component of calls used in other circumstances, but this can be very variable. Alarm calls ... The white-tailed eagles can be surprisingly maneuverable on the wing, usually during aerial displays or dogfights with other ... power plant, Central Norway, lack behavioral flight responses to wind turbines. Wildlife Society Bulletin, 37(1), 66-74. ... Mammals are usually a quite secondary component of the diet. Although usually better represented than other non-fish and bird ...
The component coordinates the provision of Marine intelligence liaison to the joint task force and other component intelligence ... Unmanned Aerial Vehicles[edit]. UAVs provide day-night, real-time imagery reconnaissance, surveillance, and target acquisition ... resources (coal, repair facilities, land transportation, electric plants, food supplies, water supply, and hospitals) ... The Marine Corps component will support the MAGTF by monitoring the status of MAGTF reconnaissance requests to national and ...
Many deep tube stations remained in use as shelters until the end of the war.[11] Aerial mines were deployed on 19 September ... The first known written record of the East End as a distinct entity, as opposed its component parts, comes from John Strype's ... Andreas Angel, chief chemist at the plant, was posthumously awarded the Edward Medal for trying to extinguish the fire that ... but during the war a total of 120 children and 104 adults were killed in the East End by aerial bombing, with many more injured ...
Bellas, T.E., Bartell, R.J. and Hill, A. (1983) Identification of two components of the sex pheromone of the moth, Epiphyas ... Public outcry was significant after an initial round of aerial spraying, when over 600 complaints of adverse health effects ... During this period they normally feed on herbaceous plants. Re-invasion of apple trees takes place during October-December, ... It is known to feed on 123 dicotyledonous plant species, including 22 Australian natives, belonging to 55 different families. ...
It produced B-25s at both its Inglewood main plant and an additional 6,608 aircraft at its Kansas City, Kansas plant at Fairfax ... "B-29 in Weather Reconnaissance." Aerial Weather Reconnaissance Association: Hurricane Hunters. Retrieved: 2 October 2010. ... Under the leadership of Lieutenant General George C. Kenney, Mitchells of the Far East Air Forces and its existing components, ... Before the year was over, NAA was producing the B-25C and B-25D series at different plants. Also in 1942, the manufacturer ...
27], IBM announced HDDs in 1956 as a component of the IBM 305 RAMAC system and as new component to enhance the existing IBM 650 ... The 2011 Thailand floods damaged the manufacturing plants and impacted hard disk drive cost adversely between 2011 and 2013.[33 ... Hiding Data in Hard Drive's Service Areas, February 14, 2013, by Ariel Berkman ... Components[edit]. HDD with disks and motor hub removed exposing copper colored stator coils surrounding a bearing in the center ...
The two largest ethnic groups are the Somali (60%) and the Afar (35%). The Somali clan component is mainly composed of the ... Djibouti has an installed electrical power generating capacity of 126 MW from fuel oil and diesel plants.[86] In 2002 ... An aerial view of Djibouti City, the capital of Djibouti.. In 1967, a second plebiscite was held to determine the fate of the ... To expand the modest industrial sector, a 56 megawatt geothermal power plant slated to be completed by 2018 is being ...
Ariel Lewin, The archaeology of Ancient Judea and Palestine, Getty Publications 2005 p. 33: "It seems clear that by choosing a ... "Planting Jewish roots in Siberia". Federation of Jewish Communities of the CIS. May 24, 2004. Archived from the original on ... Concerning this second component of ancestry, the authors remark that while it correlates with "the pattern of the Islamic ... actual genetic proximity of Ashkenazi Jews to populations with predominantly European and Middle Eastern ancestry components, ...
Artificial selection on a fitness component in Drosophila melanogaster". Evolution. 38 (3): 516-526. doi:10.2307/2408701. JSTOR ... Phenotypic and genomic evolution during a 20,000-generation experiment with the bacterium Escherichia coli". Plant Breeding ... Marden, JH; Wolf, MR; Weber, KE (noiembrie 1997). „Aerial performance of Drosophila melanogaster from populations selected for ...
D. T. Cole (1995). Setswana - Animals and Plants (Setswana - Ditshedi le ditlhare). Gaborone: The Botswana Society. pp. 11 & ... SIT is among the most environmentally friendly control tactics available, and is usually applied as the final component of an ... aerial spraying (Sequential Aerosol Technique - SAT) and in some situations the release of sterile males (sterile insect ... Therefore, the integration of the SIT as the last component of an area-wide integrated approach is essential in many situations ...
California plant to its government-leased plant in Fort Worth. By 1947 the initial production version B-36A was ready and in ... Completing this aerial demonstration, they headed for Fort Worth, landing 31 hours after launch from Japan and covering 7,086 ... As part of the new organization both the 7th and 11th Bombardment Groups became its operational component. ... that were manufactured at Consolidated's Willow Run Plant in Michigan, then flown to the Fort Worth plant for final ...
While some birds dip into shallow water, more aerial species may make aerial dips into water and arboreal species often make ... During nest construction, some species seek out plant matter from plants with parasite-reducing toxins to improve chick ... are often formed from complex combinations of many possible component movements;[152] males' breeding success may depend on the ... For example, in New Zealand the moas were important browsers, as are the kereru and kokako today.[220] Today the plants of New ...
On 26 April the city had 50,000 habitants, the majority working at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant. Now the abandoned town is ... Both included residential, commercial and industrial components. Development in Erin Mills continues to this day. ... this links to a Keyhole Markup Language file that opens in Google Earth to see aerial photos of the places.) ... In 1961 Elektrėnai was established as planned city for workers in Elektrėnai Power Plant and in 1975 Visaginas was established ...
In November 2014, following a spate of overflights of French nuclear power plants by unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV), Large ... Potential Flawed Components Resident in Japanese Nuclear Power Plants=10 December 2016" (PDF). Retrieved 15 January 2017.. ... "Review: Irregularities and Anomalies Relating to the Forged Components of le Creusot Forge, 26 September 2016" (PDF). Retrieved ... Institution of Mechanical Engineers seminar: Forensic Investigation of Power Plant Failures. Retrieved 2009-07-03.. ...
"Uncertainty over Mildura's solar future after plant shelving". ABC Online. 19 August 2014. Retrieved 21 August 2014.. ... Ariel Steinberg, Australian Rules Footballer. Currently plays for the Essendon Football Club ... *^ [2] Archived 19 February 2011 at the Wayback Machine. ... "Silex shelves major solar plant on RET uncertainty". ABC. 19 August 2014. Retrieved 21 August 2014.. ...
Before STC's demise, its plant at Wednesbury Street, Newport came to dominate the recabling of the UK public telephone system. ... In addition to making lead-sheathed cables, the factory started assembling equipment from components imported from Belgium and ... Between 1939 and 1945 significant military work was undertaken with many developments particularly with regard to aerial ...
The student government judicial branch has two major components: the Supreme Court of the Student Body (headed by a Chief ... University scientists have started a biofuels pilot plant designed to test ethanol-producing technology.[110] The university is ... Aerial of Ben Hill Griffin Stadium, also known as "The Swamp.". The University of Florida fielded its first official varsity ...
Trade was a key component of Maya society, and in the development of the Maya civilization. The cities that grew to become the ... These were supplemented with a wide variety of other plants either cultivated in gardens or gathered in the forest. At Joya de ... raised fields connected by canals can be seen on aerial photographs.[372] Contemporary rainforest species composition has ... By 6000 BC, the early inhabitants of Mesoamerica were experimenting with the domestication of plants, a process that eventually ...
... to maximize the packaging of petro-hydraulic hybrid components in the vehicle. All bulky hydraulic components are integrated ... with hybrid power plants for rubber tyred gantry cranes" (PDF) (Press release). 2006-10-10. Archived from the original (PDF) on ... A SHEPB prototype made by David Kitson in Australia[5] in 2014 used a lightweight brushless DC electric motor from an aerial ... with hybrid power plants for rubber tyred gantry cranes" (Press release). RailPower Technologies Corp. 2006-10-10.. ...
The TSP SIGINT system captures a 360-degree aerial field of view to identify, detect, and geo-locate electronic emitters; it ... "Thielert Centurion 1.7 (Germany), Power plants". Jane's Information Group. Retrieved 2009-08-28.. ... the average time between failures of the aircraft or components is 25 hours, while the minimum required is 100 hours. The ...
As of 2003, 7,216 hectares (17,830 acres) of the city's 8,560 hectares (21,200 acres) of agricultural land were still planted ... Aerial view of urban Bacolod ... Component Cities. *Cotabato City. *Dagupan. *Naga. *Ormoc. * ...
Some plants, like the pitcher plant, the Venus fly trap and the sundew, are carnivorous and consume insects.[12] Some ... Its large size, with a wingspan of 65 cm (30 in), may reflect the lack of vertebrate aerial predators at that time. ... Plant animal Interactions: An Evolutionary Approach. Blackwell. pp. 132-154. ISBN 978-0-632-05267-7. .. ... Barceloux, Donald G. (2008). Medical Toxicology of Natural Substances: Foods, Fungi, Medicinal Herbs, Plants, and Venomous ...
The distance to ship propane to markets is much shorter, as thousands of natural-gas processing plants are located in or near ... aerial surveying, or mass-balance inconsistencies.[47] It is assumed that pinhole leaks are discovered within the 14-day ... Components[edit]. The Trans Alaska Pipeline crossing under the Tanana River and over ridge of the Alaska Range ... forming complex networks with the purpose of bringing crude oil or natural gas from several nearby wells to a treatment plant ...
Many rifle armor components contain both hard ceramic components and laminated textile materials used together. Various ceramic ... Akzo-Magellan (now DuPont) teams have been working on fiber called M5 fiber; however, its announced startup of its pilot plant ... aerial bombs, grenades, and antipersonnel mines are all fragmentation devices. They all contain a steel casing that is designed ... A third textile layer is often found between the carrier and the ballistic components. The ballistic panels are covered in a ...
Jackson J. & Summitt J. 2006, The Modern Guide to Golf Clubmaking: The Principles and Techniques of Component Golf Club ... Ariel E., Barta J. & Brandon D. 1973, "Preparation and properties of heavy metals", Powder Metallurgy International, vol. 5, no ... Shaw B. P., Sahu S. K. & Mishra R. K. 1999, "Heavy metal induced oxidative damage in terrestrial plants", in M. N. V. Prased ( ... Nzierżanowski K. & Gawroński S. W. 2012, "Heavy metal concentration in plants growing on the vicinity of railroad tracks: a ...
Karlsruher Institut für Technologie is exhibiting the product Large Crowds Analysis from Aerial Images at HANNOVER MESSE from ... Microbial Sensor for Biogas Plants Biosensor Directly Converts Concentrations of Detected more ... Large Crowds Analysis from Aerial Images Security During Big Events Through Aerial-supported Crowd more ... Large Crowds Analysis from Aerial Images. Security During Big Events Through Aerial-supported Crowd Monitoring.. ...
The phytochemical investigation of the aerial parts of Gynostemma pentaphyllum led to the isolation of a new flavonol glycoside ... Plant Components, Aerial* * Plant Extracts / chemistry* * Plant Extracts / isolation & purification * Plant Extracts / ... Flavonol Glycosides From the Aerial Parts of Gynostemma Pentaphyllum and Their Antioxidant Activity Arch Pharm Res. 2016 Sep;39 ... The phytochemical investigation of the aerial parts of Gynostemma pentaphyllum led to the isolation of a new flavonol glycoside ...
Eight hybrids under different planting densities and tillage practices were tested. The measurements were conducted on ... seedlings at ground level (0.8 m) and from an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) platform (30 m), causing a platform proximity ... Rotation, a critical component for CA, was not practiced in this trial. Weed control was done by applying a combination of 2.5 ... one low-planting density (44,444 plants ha−1) and one high-planting density (53,333 plants ha−1). Each sub-treatment was ...
Plant Components, Aerial/chemistry ; Reference Standards ; Reproducibility of Results ; Sensitivity and Specificity ; ... This method showed that the aerial part of J. anselliana contained (292+/-2)mg/kg of lupeol, (206+/-1)mg/kg of stigmasterol, ( ... This is the first method allowing the quantification of sterols and triterpenes in this plant. It has been fully validated in ... Validation of a method for the determination of sterols and triterpenes in the aerial part of Justicia anselliana (Nees) T. ...
1996). Mutations of Arabidopsis in potential transduction and response components of the phototropic signaling pathway. Plant ... NPH4/ARF7-Induced Gene Expression Is an Important Component of Auxin-Dependent Differential Growth in Aerial Tissues. It has ... Your Name) has sent you a message from Plant Cell Message Body (Your Name) thought you would like to see the Plant Cell web ... 1987). Plant Hormones and Their Role in Plant Growth and Development. (Boston: Martinus Nijhoff). ...
... yet how plants gauge organ size is unclear. Here, we identify the Arabidopsis cytochrome P450 KLUH (KLU)/CY … ... Plant organs grow to characteristic sizes that are genetically controlled. In animals, signaling by mobile growth factors is ... Gene Expression Regulation, Plant * Organ Size * Phenotype * Plant Components, Aerial / growth & development* ... Control of plant organ size by KLUH/CYP78A5-dependent intercellular signaling Dev Cell. 2007 Dec;13(6):843-56. doi: 10.1016/j. ...
This solar power plant, located close to the city of Córdoba, is exclusively equipped with Conergy components from its own ... View Aerial Photo of Conergy Solar Park Spain: La Rinconada. And thanks to the careful design process and our perfectly-matched ... In this way, the Conergy power plant produces enough electricity to supply around 1,300 homes in Andalucía - or about three- ... And thanks to the careful design process and our perfectly-matched components, our solar parks on average exceed forecast yield ...
The extract obtained with dichloromethane showed the most variety of components, as they yielded promising results in all ... and enzyme inhibitory properties of five extracts from aerial parts of Salvia pachyphylla Epling ex Munz were examined to ... assess the prospective of this plant as a source of natural products with therapeutic potential. These properties were analyzed ... Plants, EISSN 2223-7747, Published by MDPI Disclaimer The statements, opinions and data contained in the journal Plants are ...
... restoration of native plants, wildlife, fish and ecosystems, protecting against wildfires and invasive species, and improving ... Microdensitometry to identify plant communities and components on color infrared aerial photos. Image density differences in ... Forest & Plant Health*Invasive species (53) Apply Invasive species filter *Forest & Plant Health (24) Apply Forest & Plant ... Each plant community has unique features that require different equipment, planting techniques, and plant materials to conduct ...
Power plant components‎ (7 C, 38 F). A. *. ► Aerial photographs of power plants‎ (5 C, 14 F) ... English: A power station/plant (or sometimes powerhouse, or generating station/plant) is an industrial facility for the ... Construction of power plant above Olympic Power and Development Cos dam on Lower Elwha River near Port Angeles (CURTIS 351). ... New power plant below Snoqualmie Falls, Seattle-Tacoma Power Co, 1911 (CURTIS 1176).jpeg 768 × 617; 130 KB. ...
Superoxide radical is known to be a very harmful species to cellular components because they are precursor of more reactive ... Among both plant parts, namely, aerial parts and root, aerial part shows greater antioxidant property which is possibly due to ... Antioxidant Property of Aerial Parts and Root of Phyllanthus fraternus Webster, an Important Medicinal Plant. Richa Upadhyay,1 ... Phenolic content is higher in the ethanolic extract of aerial part than its aqueous extract which is about mg/g and mg/g GAE, ...
The failure of peg penetration into the soil leads to form aerial pod and finally seed abortion. However, the... ... The peanut is a special plant for its aerial flowering but subterranean fructification. ... Measurement of endogenous plant hormone. With the significant up-regulation of hormone response relative genes in aerial pods, ... In order to get the same parts of the pods, all important components such as the ovules and meristem from aerial and ...
Categories: Plant Components, Aerial Image Types: Photo, Illustrations, Video, Color, Black&White, PublicDomain, ...
Plant Components, Aerial Pressure Reproducibility of Results Sensitivity and Specificity Temperature Substances Benzopyrans ... The aerial parts of Hypericum polyanthemum Klotzsch ex Reichardt (Guttiferae) were successively extracted with supercritical ...
Antiproliferative constituents in plants. 9. Aerial parts of Lippia dulcis and Lippia canescens. Biol Pharm Bull 25: 920-922 ... Plants, essential oil extraction and chemical characterisation - Nineteen essential oil samples were extracted from the aerial ... On the other hand, some other plant components, such as demethoxycentaureidin and eupafolin, were toxic to HeLa cells (Abe et ... other aromatic plants (i.e., from the Lamiacea family) and plants such as oregano and thyme have shown biological activity ...
3 The pungent component of the plant is echinacein, an isobutylamide. 9 Depending on the species, the essential oil obtained ... are found in the root and aerial parts of the plants, but echinoside is not found in E. purpurea . 3 Polysaccharides have been ... Many commercial preparations are available containing components derived from different plant parts as well as from different ... The PLANTS Database ( , 2 April 2012). National Plant Data Team, Greensboro, NC 27401-4901 USA. Accessed ...
High index proteins were also enriched in function associated with plant colonization in S. borealis, and in in planta-induced ... High index proteins were also enriched in function associated with plant colonization in S. borealis, and in in planta-induced ... These signatures may be useful for identifying proteins of interest as targets for the management of plant diseases. ... In the Sclerotiniaceae, whereas Sclerotinia sclerotiorum and Botrytis cinerea are cosmopolitan broad host-range plant pathogens ...
In essence, they have a lower, underground component and an upper, aerial component. The underground part develops roots that ... whether the plant is herbaceous or woody. Each plant commences its growth as a herbaceous plant. Plants that remain herbaceous ... Plant habit refers to the overall shape of a plant, and it describes a number of components such as stem length and development ... Some types of plant habit include: Herbaceous plants (also called herbs or forbs): a plant whose structures above the surface ...
Plant Molecular Biology" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic ... Ariel, FD; Manavella, PA; Dezar, CA; Chan, RL. * Potato skin proteome is enriched with plant defence components ... Life Sciences; Plant Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Plant Pathology. ISSN. 0167-4412. eISSN. 1573-5028. D.O.I.. 10.1007/ ... Plant Mol Biol (2017) 94:481-494 DOI 10.1007/s11103-017-0619-3 1,2 1 1 1 Vijaya K. R. Vulavala · Edna Fogelman · Lior Rozental ...
"Rubisco and C4 Plants" (PDF). RSC: Advancing the Chemical Sciences. RSC. "Abiotic Components". Department of Biodiversity and ... Abiotic factors in ocean environments also include aerial exposure, substrate, water clarity, solar energy and tides. Consider ... Component degradation of a substance occurs by chemical or physical processes, e.g. hydrolysis. All non-living components of an ... C3 plants have no mechanisms to manage photorespiration, whereas C4 and CAM plants utilize a separate PEP Carboxylase enzyme to ...
Shallow rhizomes may be killed along with seeds on aerial stems. DISCUSSION AND QUALIFICATION OF FIRE EFFECT : NO-ENTRY PLANT ... Aerial stems are killed by frost. FIRE ECOLOGY. SPECIES: Ambrosia psilostachya FIRE ECOLOGY OR ADAPTATIONS : As a component of ... Listed below are some typical examples of major grasslands and the plant components found with Cuman ragweed. In addition to ... National list of scientific plant names. Vol. 1. List of plant names. SCS-TP-159. Washington, DC. 416 p. [11573]. 117. Vassar, ...
Greater celandine is an herbaceous perennial or biennial plant, ... is a plant of the family of poppies (Papaveraceae), the same ... Aerial parts: the harvest is done during flowering, when it has better medicinal components. ... In autumn or mid February, divide a clump of a plant from its rhizome. For this we can unearth the adult plant, and divide it ... This method of reproduction involves transplanting a piece of the plant, a mature plant (three years or more) from its rhizome. ...
Lamiaceae), a plant species used as an antimicrobial agent in Guadeloupe, allowed us to select the hydromethanolic extract of ... Although its active compounds need to be further evaluated ,i,in vivo,/i,, this work emphasizes plants as potent sources of new ... Bioautography enabled the isolation and identification of four antibacterial compounds from this plant: rosmarinic acid, methyl ... infusion or decoction of aerial parts is used against sore throat and flu [6]. The leaves of H. atrorubens showed no anti-HIV ...
The plant is not self-fertile. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil ... The bruised aerial parts of the plant have the fetid odour of indole (methyl-mercaptan). Damage to the tissue releases an ... Monoterpenes such as linalol constitute the major components in the oil[310 ]. In older investigations, decoctions of the plant ... Plant Uses. Edible Uses Medicinal Uses Other Plant uses Woodland Gardening. Why Perennial Plants?. Top Edible Plants. Top ...
Figure 1. Aerial photograph showing brush patterns on Flying G Ranch. Table 1. Seeding mixture components used for wildlife ... Species planted. Use by wildlife and livestock. Browntop Millet. Provide large seed for quality food during the first year; ... The major components of the project and the total job cost to date was reviewed weekly. As a result of this plan, the project ... A bunchgrass planted to provide nesting sites in open pasture areas.. Comments: Dale Rollins, Professor and Extension Wildlife ...
The plants then were incubated in moist chambers for 24 hr, after which the chambers were opened, and the plants were examined ... long aerial hyphae. Mutant colonies often acquire a smooth spot in part or all of the central region. Aerial hyphae in this ... This finding emphasizes the different use of similar signaling components, even in two ascomycete foliar pathogens that cause ... The ability of Δchk1 mutants to infect corn plants is reduced severely. The growth pattern of hyphae on a glass surface is ...
Different plant parts are used in various ailments in folk medicine. The current study aimed at investigating the in vitro ... Plant extracts showed no cytotoxicity against normal Vero cells (IC50 > 250 μg/ml). While significant (P <0.001) cytotoxicity ... Acacia hydaspica R. Parker, family leguminosae, is a medicinally important plant. ... The aerial parts (twigs and leaves) of the plant were dried in an aerated but shaded area. Dried material was ground by an ...
S. Azimova and A. I. Glushenkova, Lipids, Lipophilic Components and Essential Oils from Plant Sources, Vol. 1, Springer, 2012, ... Total Lipid Neutral Lipid Aerial Part Et2O Me2CO Translated from Khimiya Prirodnykh Soedinenii, No. 5, September-October, 2016 ... Yunusov Institute of the Chemistry of Plant Substances, Academy of Sciences of the Republic of UzbekistanTashkentUzbekistan ...
UAV can be used as aerial robots that perform aerial photography functions, transport technological components such as plant ... Keyphrases: Agricultural crops, Artificial Neural Networks, monitoring, Productivity, Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. Links:. https ... Results of remote sensing of agricultural land in the form of color images can be obtained using unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV ... To predict productivity, a method of applying the results of aerial photography in combination with experimental data on the ...
... and polyacetylene compounds have been reported from this plant [2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11]. ... The aerial parts of A. alpina were collected in August 2010 from Jilin Province, China, and identified by Prof. Jianhua Wang, ...
  • The factors that determine plant community resistance to exotic annual Bromus species (Bromus hereafter) are diverse and context specific. (
  • They are influenced by the environmental characteristics and attributes of the community, the traits of Bromus species, and the direct and indirect interactions of Bromus with the plant community. (
  • The essential oils were obtained from different species of Lippia , a widely distributed genus of Colombian plants. (
  • The genus Lippia (Verbenaceae) includes approximately 200 species of plants from the tropics of Africa as well as South and Central America. (
  • Plants, essential oil extraction and chemical characterisation - Nineteen essential oil samples were extracted from the aerial parts of five different species of Lippia ( Table I ). Plants were collected from their natural habitats during 2005-2006 in different places of Colombia. (
  • Many commercial preparations are available containing components derived from different plant parts as well as from different species and varieties. (
  • Number of host plant genera (A) and geographic distribution (B) of the three fungal species according to the USDA Systematic Mycology and Microbiology Laboratory Fungus-Host Database ( Farr and Rossman, 2015 ). (
  • Lamiaceae), a plant species used as an antimicrobial agent in Guadeloupe, allowed us to select the hydromethanolic extract of the stems for further studies. (
  • Jojoba ( Simmondsia chinensis ) is the only plant species known to use liquid wax esters ( WEs ) as a primary seed storage reserve. (
  • The cuticle composition varies across plant species and its chemical composition is characterized by the presence of multiple classes of hydrophobic hydrocarbons. (
  • Each plant species appears to have its own characteristic crystalline shape and the plate-like crystals found on apple fruit can be readily seen in the electron micrograph shown in Fig. 3. (
  • Artemisia species are one of the many traditional medicinal plants of Ethiopia used for the treatment of infectious and non-infectious health problems. (
  • In the present study, eight extracts prepared from leaves and aerial parts of four Artemisia species (Artemisia absinthium, A. abyssinica, A. afra, and A. annua) growing in Ethiopia were tested in vitro against bloodstream forms of Trypanosoma brucei brucei. (
  • The dichloromethane extracts of the four species were further investigated for their volatile components using GLC/MS. Camphor was detected in the four species and was found to be the principal compound (38.73%) of A. absinthium extract. (
  • Octa-3,5-diene-2,7-dione, 4,5-dihydroxy was detected in three species except in A. afra and was present as the main volatile component (54.95%) of A. abyssinica. (
  • However, several species of the genus Erysiphe and other powdery mildews can synthesise enzymes that initiate the depolymerisation of the host plant cuticle and cell wall [ 7 , 11 ]. (
  • The rhizomes are traditionally the portion of the plant used for medicinal purposes in Cimicifuga species, however the aerial part of the plant is usually discarded. (
  • Finding also showed that multifunctional home gardens had higher plant species diversity. (
  • Specifically, crops and crop wild relatives occurred mainly in home gardens with food function while wild plant species were mostly found in home gardens with mainly medicinal function. (
  • Dawson discovered in 1990 that trees do this, too, and to date, so-called hydraulic redistribution has been found in some 60 separate deeply rooted plant species. (
  • The roots of this species are fibrous extending a little way below the soil but may spread to a considerable distance.The foliage is of a radical nature and the aerial stem is but a flowering stem. (
  • Lateral movement of these compounds between the xylem and the phloem, and vice versa, has also been reported in several plant species since the 1930s, and is believed to be important in the overall resource allocation. (
  • In tree species, adventitious root formation is regulated at different levels: Genetic, developmental, or environmental factors affect the adventitious rooting capacity and may limit the use of clonal propagation to capture the genetic superiority of a selected individual, or the success of the adaptation to new growing conditions in operational forest planting programs. (
  • Some Tagetes species are used as medicinal plants, including Tagetes mendocina Phil. (
  • In this analysis, 1,209 different consensi were obtained of which 1,121 could be annotated from GenBank™ and BLAST search analyses against three plant species, Arabidopsis thaliana , rice ( Oryza sativa ), and poplar ( Populus trichocarpa ). (
  • A proteomics approach has been used to identify phloem proteins from several plant species. (
  • Root-knot nematodes are distributed worldwide, and are obligate parasites of the roots of thousands of plant species, including monocotyledonous and dicotyledonous , herbaceous and woody plants. (
  • The antioxidant, antimicrobial, antiproliferative, and enzyme inhibitory properties of five extracts from aerial parts of Salvia pachyphylla Epling ex Munz were examined to assess the prospective of this plant as a source of natural products with therapeutic potential. (
  • So, we have studied the antioxidant activity of ethanol and aqueous extracts derived from its aerial part and root. (
  • The plant and its extracts continue to be used topically for wound healing and internally to stimulate the immune system. (
  • Therefore it is interesting to identify selectivity of plant extracts possessing antioxidant potential against cancer and normal cells. (
  • In previous studies, we screened 459 extracts from 344 plants to isolate components exhibiting antiproliferative activity against HTLV-1-infected T-cell lines (MT-1 and MT-2). (
  • In our continuing search for potential anti-HTLV-1 natural products, 15 extracts of Asclepiadaceae plants were further tested against MT-1 and MT-2 cells. (
  • Screening of crude extracts of six medicinal plants used in South-west Nigerian unorthodox medicine for antimethicillin resistant S. aureus activity. (
  • In a screening undertaken by our group, we found that the petroleum ether (PE) and dichloromethane (DCM) extracts of a T. mendocina sample collected in the San Juan province was active against dermatophytes, suggesting a great potential of the plant constituents, as antimicrobial agents. (
  • Methods: This is one of the first studies reporting the antioxidant potential of aerial (bark and leaves) and the root extracts of Mirabilis jalapa separately using ABTS and DPPH assay methods The present study was aimed to extract, identify the various phytochemical constituents and to study the antioxidant activities of the plant by various chemical and instrumental methods. (
  • In the present study we examined the antioxidant effects of methanolic extract of the aerial parts and root extracts of Mirabilis jalapa Linn at various concentrations in the ABTS+ (2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulphonic acid ) and DPPH (1,1-Diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl) free radical scavenging assay. (
  • The phytochemical investigation of the aerial parts of Gynostemma pentaphyllum led to the isolation of a new flavonol glycoside, gynopentaphylloside (1), along with seven known compounds (2-8). (
  • In present study free radical scavenging potential of aerial parts and root of Phyllanthus fraternus was investigated. (
  • There is no extensive study regarding antioxidant activity of different plant parts of P. fraternus . (
  • Infusions of the leaves, aerial parts or flowers are traditionally utilised as topical lotion for respiratory, gastrointestinal and skin disorder treatments. (
  • Botanists and other biologists who study plant morphology use a number of different terms to classify and identify plant organs and parts that can be observed using no more than a handheld magnifying lens. (
  • This page has two parts: The first deals with general plant terms, and the second with specific plant structures or parts. (
  • Such specialised plant parts may arise from the stems or roots. (
  • In French Guiana, infusion or decoction of aerial parts is used against sore throat and flu [ 6 ]. (
  • The bruised aerial parts of the plant have the fetid odour of indole (methyl-mercaptan). (
  • Different plant parts are used in various ailments in folk medicine. (
  • The aerial parts of A. alpina were collected in August 2010 from Jilin Province, China, and identified by Prof. Jianhua Wang, Pharmacognosy Laboratory, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Hebei Medical University. (
  • Chemical investigation of the ethanol extract of the aerial parts. (
  • This patent concerns the discovery of the effectiveness of an alcoholic total extract of the aerial parts of the plant Anisotes trisulcus (Forssk. (
  • The MeOH extract of aerial parts of Tylophora tanakae showed antiproliferative activity. (
  • He said that he can change parts that the group does not agree with, but emphasized that the "video has to follow and explain" the PHA because ATSDR would never approve the video if it included unrelated components. (
  • Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of volatile components from captitula and aerial parts of Rhaponticum acaule DC growing wild in Tunisia. (
  • Chemical composition of the essential oil isolated by hydrodistillation from the aerial blooming parts of Bidens cernua was analyzed. (
  • Aerial parts yielded the presence of volatile oil, flavonoids, tannins, sterols and/or triterpenes. (
  • GC-MS study for essential oil of aerial parts yielded 44 compounds, with 31 major compounds (over 0.2%) comprising over 97% of total compounds. (
  • As a result of further phytochemical studies, one new (ocimuside, 1) and one known (ilexoside, 2) triterpenoid saponins were isolated from the methanol extract of the aerial parts of Ocimum basilicum. (
  • The most active extract was the dichloromethane extract from aerial parts of A. abyssinica with an [IC.sub.50] value of 19.13 [micro]g/ml. (
  • The objective of this study was to scientifically analyze the antinociceptive property of methanol extract of aerial parts of the plant along with antihyperglycemic activity. (
  • Administration of methanol extract of aerial parts led to dose-dependent and significant reductions in blood glucose levels in glucose-loaded mice. (
  • To our knowledge, this is the first report on oral glucose tolerance and antinociceptive activity evaluation of aerial parts of the plant. (
  • Since the plant is widely available in Bangladesh, the aerial parts can be a readily available source for particularly the rural population for lowering blood sugar in diabetic patients and for alleviating pain. (
  • Aerial parts of the plant are consumed as vegetable by particularly the low income sections of the rural people, because it can be collected freely from the fallow lands. (
  • Pubmed ID: 16451758 Aerial parts of Swertia longifolia Boiss. (
  • By forward genetic screening, we isolated an Arabidopsis mutant named grow fast on cytokinins 1 (gfc1), whose seedlings grew larger aerial parts on MS medium with CK. (
  • The cuticle, a hydrophobic protective layer on the aerial parts of terrestrial plants, functions as a versatile defensive barrier to various biotic and abiotic stresses and also regulates water flow from the external environment. (
  • I read that Fadogia in this product I bought isnt effective because of the parts of the plant that are used and at the doseage its at. (
  • FYI, boiling any aerial plant parts is a surefire way of extracting any bitter compounds in the plant, which is the reason that hops are boiled in beer. (
  • Treading damages plants and decreases growth, such as the height and weight of aerial parts, which then recover gradually. (
  • Pioneer Industries , the award-winning social enterprise is a build-to-print manufacturer specializing in sheet metal fabrication and precision Computer Numerical Controls (CNC) machining for commercial aerospace parts, earning community and industry accolades for its work to train and employ individuals leaving incarceration and addiction treatment programs - currently 450 men and women - in three manufacturing plants that produced over 1.76 million parts last year. (
  • Some foliar pathogens penetrate the cuticle and plant cell wall by an appressorium that generates high turgor pressures ( 2 , 3 ). (
  • Fruits, like most aerial plant organs, are naturally packaged in an outer envelope called the cuticle. (
  • The structural component of the cuticle is a biological polyester called cutin, which is made by the outermost layer of cells called the epidermal cells. (
  • The outer surface of the cuticle is relatively flat and smooth, but the underside attached to the plant has ridges which fit into the intercellular gaps to provide a tight attachment. (
  • All plant organs are covered by a cuticular layer composed mainly of cutin, which forms the structural component of the cuticle in higher plants. (
  • The plant cuticle of aerial organs constitutes the first physical and chemical barrier that fungal phytopathogens must overcome to successfully infect their host. (
  • The differentiation of infectious structures on the plant cuticle is also associated with the synthesis of esterases [ 4 ]. (
  • Glaucousness is described as the scattering effect of visible light from wax deposited on the cuticle of plant aerial organs. (
  • Traditional practices of land preparation involve soil tillage through moldboard ploughing to soften the seedbed, ensure uniform germination, remove weed plants, and release soil nutrients through mineralization and oxidation. (
  • Examples include plants growing in unfavourable climates, very dry climates where storage is intermittent depending on climatic conditions, and those adapted to surviving fires and regrowing from the soil afterwards. (
  • Some types of plant habit include: Herbaceous plants (also called herbs or forbs): a plant whose structures above the surface of the soil, vegetative or reproductive, die back at the end of the annual growing season, and never become woody. (
  • The failure of peg penetration into the soil leads to form aerial pod and finally seed abortion. (
  • The failure of peg penetration into the soil leads to suppression of pod swelling initiation and form aerial pod, finally causing seed abortion and seriously impacting on the peanut production (Chen et al. (
  • While scientists studying global climate change recognize the importance of vegetation in removing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and in local cooling through transpiration, they have assumed a simple model of plants sucking water out of the soil and spewing water vapor into the atmosphere. (
  • Twenty years ago, however, some small plants were found to do more than lift water from the soil to the leaves - they also lifted deep water with their tap root and deposited it in shallow soil for use at a later time, and reversed the process during the rainy season to push water into storage deep underground. (
  • The volume of soil from which they can extract mineral-N increases with plant mass until a stage is reached at which further root development ceases or until the roots reach a hard pan or other barrier to root penetration. (
  • It can be taken up by plant roots, can be leached downwards during rain or can move upwards during evaporation from the soil surface. (
  • Then the maximum amount of N which the plant roots can extract from soil is estimated. (
  • As part of the plant-soil interface, roots are exposed to various biotic and abiotic factors such as gravity, moisture and nutrient gradients, light (at the soil surface layer) and a multitude of micro-organisms that influence root growth behaviour and structure. (
  • This plasticity enables plants to optimise the usage of the available soil volume, the supply of nutrient to the shoot and plant performance in general. (
  • In other plants such as Tillandsia and orchids, the main means of attaching to non-soil surfaces is through the aerial roots, and they can attach to surfaces such as rocks and other plants. (
  • In the plant kingdom, the vascular system is composed of xylem, which serves to deliver water and mineral nutrients from the soil to the aerial regions of the plant, and phloem, which delivers sugars and amino acids to developing organs. (
  • Newly hatched juveniles have a short free-living stage in the soil, in the rhizosphere of the host plants. (
  • They may reinvade the host plants of their parent or migrate through the soil to find a new host root. (
  • The ability of some endophytes to show resistance to heavy metals/antimicrobials and degrade organic compounds probably stems from their exposure to diverse compounds in the plant/soil niche. (
  • Here, we identify the Arabidopsis cytochrome P450 KLUH (KLU)/CYP78A5 as a stimulator of plant organ growth. (
  • Here, we describe isolation of the NPH4 gene of Arabidopsis, which is conditionally required for differential growth responses of aerial tissues, and we report that NPH4 encodes the auxin-regulated transcriptional activator ARF7. (
  • We describe the isolation and characterization of two missense mutations in the cytosine-DNA-methyl-transferase gene, MET1 , from the flowering plant Arabidopsis thaliana . (
  • Dr. Bartel and colleagues have identified 16 novel miRNAs in the model plant, Arabidopsis, which share sequence and structural similarities to animal miRNAs. (
  • An excellent model system for the study of the parasitic behaviour of plant-parasitic nematodes has been developed using Arabidopsis thaliana as a model host. (
  • Plant organs grow to characteristic sizes that are genetically controlled. (
  • Herbaceous plants that survive for more than one season possess underground storage organs, and thus are referred to as geophytes. (
  • It is intended to combat non-line-of-sight targets such as snipers and enemy combatants planting IEDs. (
  • Meanwhile US, British and Afghan forces are having to cope with an unexpectedly high number of improvised explosive devices (IEDs) planted by insurgents. (
  • The roots may also lignify, aiding in the role of supporting and anchoring tall plants, and may be part of a descriptor of the plant's habit. (
  • Hairy roots and transgenic T. indica plants have been shown to accumulate tylophorine suggesting that in vitro biology and transgenic methods are viable ways of clonally producing valuable germplasm and mass producing compounds of commercial value. (
  • This shifting of water by roots has a physiological effect on the plants, letting them pull more carbon dioxide from the atmosphere as they conduct more photosynthesis," said co-author Todd Dawson, professor of integrative biology at UC Berkeley. (
  • Roots play an essential role for mechanical stabilisation of a plant as well as for plant nutrition with respect to water and nutrient uptake. (
  • The knowledge of the cellular and molecular regulation of adventitious root formation offers the possibility of selecting genotypes for clonal propagation and developing new methods for propagation of physiologically mature trees which have been selected based on yield traits as well as allows characterizing the physiological advantage provided to seedlings by adventitious roots in planting sites subjected to stress environmental conditions. (
  • Journal of Plant Development ISSN 2065-3158 print / e-ISSN 2066-9917 Vo l. 25, Dec 2018: 91-98 Available online: doi: 10.33628/jpd.2018.25.1.91 Received: 26 September 2018 / Revised: 12 November 2018 / Accepted: 22 November 2018 ADVENTITIOUS ROOTS DEVELOPMENT AND ROOT SYSTEM ARCHITECTURE OF CHRYSANTHEMUM CUTTINGS Ana COJOCARIU1, Elena … The main purpose for such root growth is to help provide oxygen to the plant. (
  • 2014). Definition of Adventitious Root System: Roots that grow from any part of plant other than the radicle or its branches are called adventitious roots (L. adventitious- extraordinary). (
  • In some plants, adventitious roots form on leaves. (
  • There are many types of plants that use adventitious roots to improve their chances of growth and survival. (
  • Adventitious roots (aerial roots) are roots growing from a location other than the underground. (
  • Plants with adventitious roots have an extra edge on plants with traditional root systems. (
  • Plant the root area in soilless medium, such as peat, and keep moderately moist until the roots grow and spread. (
  • The key difference between taproot and adventitious root is that tap root system, which has a thick deep primary root, is present in dicot plants, while adventitious root system, which has numerous small thin hair-like roots, is present in monocot plants such as grasses. (
  • [1] Root-knot nematode larvae infect plant roots , causing the development of root-knot galls that drain the plant's photosynthate and nutrients. (
  • The mutant also attached much better to tomato roots, and yet it failed to spread once it was inside plants because it was trapped in dense mats. (
  • Colombia a Source of Cacao Genetic Diversity As Revealed by the Population Structure Analysis of Germplasm Bank of Theobroma cacao L.  Authors Osorio-Guarín, Jaime A. Berdugo-Cely, Jhon Zapata, Yeny Patricia Quintero, Constanza Yockteng, Roxana Date 2017-11 Language en Type Journal Article Review. (
  • On the other hand, aerial survey of crop fields, via both drones and satellites, is another hot topic - with drone companies such as Beehive Technology and Nileworks , and satellite imagery companies such as Descartes Labs and Orbital Insight all raising significant rounds in 2017. (
  • In contrast, this page deals with botanical terms in a systematic manner, with some illustrations, and organized by plant anatomy and function in plant physiology. (
  • 2 Inner Mongolia Key Laboratory of Plant Stress Physiology and Molecular Biology, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China . (
  • Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Plant Physiology. (
  • The formation of woody tissue is an example of secondary growth, a change in existing tissues, in contrast to primary growth that creates new tissues, such as the elongating tip of a plant shoot. (
  • The recent way of drug development has been focused on joint tissue lyase inhibitor, free radical scavenger such as SOD, conservation therapy using by long-term treatment of joint tissue components such as chondroitin or glucosamine etc (Badger A. M. et al. (
  • Here, we explore the multi-scale relationship between tension and cell adhesion in the plant epidermis, and we examine how tensile stress perception may act as a regulatory input to preserve epidermal tissue integrity and thus normal morphogenesis. (
  • Cadmium treatment enhanced membrane lipid peroxidation and potassium ionleakage from plant tissue, as well as decreasing the chlorophyll content in barley plants. (
  • In animals, signaling by mobile growth factors is thought to be an effective mechanism for measuring primordium size, yet how plants gauge organ size is unclear. (
  • Organ bending through differential growth represents a major mechanism by which plants are able to adaptively alter their morphology in response to local changes in the environment. (
  • This latter finding illustrates the intimate connection between auxin and ethylene in the control of growth in higher plants. (
  • Dramatic and rapid changes in plant morphology can result from differential growth, that is, unequal cellular growth in one position of an organ relative to an opposing position. (
  • As such, it may change as the plant grows and is more properly called its growth habit. (
  • Each plant commences its growth as a herbaceous plant. (
  • Plants that remain herbaceous are shorter and seasonal, dying back at the end of their growth season. (
  • Plant habit can also refer to whether the plant possesses any specialised systems for the storage of carbohydrates or water, allowing the plant to renew its growth after an unfavourable period. (
  • In the Sclerotiniaceae , whereas Sclerotinia sclerotiorum and Botrytis cinerea are cosmopolitan broad host-range plant pathogens, Sclerotinia borealis has a psychrophilic lifestyle with a low optimal growth temperature, a narrow host range and geographic distribution. (
  • Different to other plant, the peanut plant produces flowers aerially, while develops fruit and seeds underground with fascinating gravitropic growth habits (Zhu et al. (
  • Due to its rhizomatic growth, this plant can become invasive. (
  • Volatiles were extracted from rice plants of various growth stages with solid-phase microextraction (SPME) and analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) to identify attractants that cause invasion of the rice leaf bug Trigonotylus caelestialium (Kirkaldy) into paddy fields. (
  • Key aspects of plant growth are modeled. (
  • Disease severity is modeled as rust population growth, where individuals are pathogen colonies (pustules) grouped in cohorts defined by date of initiation and plant part infected. (
  • Pathogen cohorts progress through life stages that are modeled as disease cycle components (colony establishment, latent period, infectious period, and sporulation) affected by daily weather variables, plant growth, and fungicide application. (
  • Crucial to the estimation of plant growth are two crop-nitrogen parameters, the critical N concentration and the maximum possible N concentration, and the way they decline with increasing plant growth. (
  • Plant growth is calculated from the daily mean air temperatures, from the plant mass per unit area, and from its N concentration relative to the critical concentration for a plant of the same weight. (
  • It does not include equations for any adverse effects of fertilizer-N on plant growth such as those caused by high osmotic stress or ammonia toxicity. (
  • The growth, medicinal components and nutrient contents of the plant are closely associated with endophytes, especially endophytic fungi. (
  • Cell walls are highly complex structures that are modified during plant growth and development. (
  • Cytokinins (CKs) regulate plant development and growth via a two-component signaling pathway. (
  • The root has multiple functions during plant growth and development including water and nutrient absorption. (
  • Adventitious root branching is vital to plant growth and regeneration, but the regulation of this process remains unclear. (
  • in cassava, though, nematode damage sometimes leads to increased aerial growth as the plants try to compensate. (
  • Research, both in animals and plants, has shown that mechanical stress, generated endogenously (for example by growth), as well as externally (by environmental cues), acts as an important developmental signal. (
  • Both the above-ground (aerial) plant epidermis and animal epithelia are also crucial for development, independent of the presence of external cues (hormones, growth factors), as their physical position exerts a growth limiting function. (
  • Endophytic bacteria can promote plant growth and yield and can act as biocontrol agents. (
  • In some cases, they can also accelerate seedling emergence, promote plant establishment under adverse conditions ( Chanway, 1997 ) and enhance plant growth ( Bent & Chanway, 1998 ). (
  • Thus, PhcA helps R. solanacearum succeed over the course of its complex life cycle by ensuring avid attachment to plant surfaces and rapid growth early in disease, followed by high virulence and effective dispersal later in disease. (
  • Its chemical composition has been little studied, except for the volatile components. (
  • Woody plants (such as trees, shrubs and woody vines (lianas) will gradually acquire woody (lignaceous) tissues, which provide strength and protection for the vascular system, and they tend to be tall and relatively long lived. (
  • This difference between lignin and suberin accounts for the distinct functions proposed and, consequently, their different distribution throughout plant tissues ( Wallace and Fry, 1994 ). (
  • Plant aerial epidermal tissues, like animal epithelia, act as load-bearing layers and hence play pivotal roles in development. (
  • From this, we identify parallels between plant epidermal and animal epithelial tissues and highlight a list of unexplored questions for future research. (
  • Predicted patterns of tension and compression in plant tissues have mainly been confronted with experimental tests (such as cuts) in the shoot, and it is possible that the root epidermis plays a very different mechanical role than the shoot epidermis. (
  • Endophytic bacteria have been found in virtually every plant studied, where they colonize the internal tissues of their host plant and can form a range of different relationships including symbiotic, mutualistic, commensalistic and trophobiotic. (
  • An annual herbaceous plant that can reach 1 metre in height - Hairless, lance-shaped and pinnate - Small, white or pale pink flowers with touches of brown or purple - Numerous seeds in elongated pods. (
  • Fungal plant pathogens produce secreted proteins adapted to function outside fungal cells to facilitate colonization of their hosts. (
  • Fungi from the Sclerotiniaceae family include several devastating plant pathogens with a broad host range. (
  • Fungal pathogens perceive and respond to molecules from the plant, triggering pathogenic development. (
  • Ubiquitous signaling elements thus are used in diverse ways in different plant pathogens, perhaps the result of coevolution of the transducers and their targets. (
  • Filamentous fungal pathogens attack plant leaves by a variety of mechanisms ( 1 ). (
  • A fast-growing vine with stems reaching up to 7 m long that twine into other plants for support and commonly grown in East Asia is known as Skunk Vine or Paederia foetida. (
  • Known by various local names like 'akar patawali' and 'akar seruntum' (Noor & Ashcroft, 1989), an infusion of the stems is consumed as vermifuge and decoction of the whole plant is used to treat cholera and diabetes among the Malay community. (
  • This glossary primarily includes terms that deal with vascular plants (ferns, gymnosperms and angiosperms), particularly flowering plants (angiosperms). (
  • Non-vascular plants (bryophytes), with their different evolutionary background, tend to have separate terminology. (
  • Lignin is present in vascular plants and is mainly synthesized in cells to become part of the transport system. (
  • glycosides produced by plants used as foaming agents in beverages, emulsifiers, and detergents. (
  • The total glycosides from the aerial part (TGA) was extracted and its cytotoxicity was evaluated in HepG2 cells and primary cultured normal mouse hepatocytes by an MTT assay. (
  • While many plants fit neatly into some main categories, such as grasses, vines, shrubs, or trees, others can be more difficult to categorise. (
  • Furthermore, a mixture of grasses, grains, and forbes was planted, which provided high quality initial feed, attracted insects necessary for developing chicks, and established different cover types. (
  • [3] Meloidogyne occurs in 23 of 43 crops listed as having plant-parasitic nematodes of major importance, ranging from field crops, through pasture and grasses, to horticultural, ornamental and vegetable crops. (
  • The measurements were conducted on seedlings at ground level (0.8 m) and from an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) platform (30 m), causing a platform proximity effect on the images resolution that did not have any negative impact on the performance of the indexes. (
  • Results showed that the ethanolic fraction of aerial part is most active towards antioxidant potential and this activity is related to its polyphenolic content and reducing potential. (
  • Additionally, consistent with up-regulation of auxin response relative genes in aerial pods, endogenous IAA content was also significantly increased by HPLC analysis. (
  • Screening of plants with known antiprotozoal activity, for example, from Artemisia annua, or from plants with known anti-protozoal agents could provide new lead compounds for treatment of trypanosomiasis. (
  • Since the early Nineteen Seventies, Cannabis plants have been categorized by their chemical phenotype or "chemotype", based mostly on the overall quantity of THC produced, and on the ratio of THC to CBD. (
  • en] An accurate and sensitive method, combining soxhlet extraction, solid phase-extraction and capillary gas chromatography is described for the quantitative determination of one triterpene (lupeol) and three sterols (stigmasterol, campesterol and beta-sitosterol) and the detection of another triterpene (alpha-amyrin) from the aerial part of Justicia anselliana. (
  • These signatures may be useful for identifying proteins of interest as targets for the management of plant diseases. (
  • Plants have been used for ages to treat human diseases and it has been estimated that 25 to 50% of currently available drugs are derived from plants [ 1 ]. (
  • Chronic consumption of tobacco can produce two types of adverse reactions, namely cancer of lungs and throats when it is smoked due to the tar components and a group of diseases such as hypertension, arrhythmias, hyperlipidemias, asthma and gastric and duodenal ulcers together with development of dependence with the consequence maintenance of intake due to its nicotine content (1-3). (
  • In Mechanisms of Resistance to Plant Diseases, pp. 21-52. (
  • any of several diseases of plants, characterized by mottled green or green and yellow areas on the leaves, caused by certain viruses. (
  • Rosmarinic Acid and Its Methyl Ester as Antimicrobial Components of the Hydromethanolic Extract of Hyptis atrorubens Poit. (
  • Although its active compounds need to be further evaluated in vivo , this work emphasizes plants as potent sources of new antimicrobial agents when resistance to antibiotics increases dramatically. (
  • Plants can be a source of new antimicrobial drugs since they are considered as time-tested and comparatively safe both for human use and the environment [ 2 ]. (
  • No experimental data about the antimicrobial activity of this plant were encountered. (
  • We are adding search terms and icons to those plants pages, and providing a range of search options aligned to categories of plants and crop yields, with Help facilities including videos. (
  • To calculate crop uptake first the potential demand of the crop for nitrogen is calculated from its mass per unit area, from its N content, from the maximum possible concentration for a plant of the same mass and from the potential maximum increment in weight. (
  • Transpiration is calculated from fractional crop cover (derived from the plant mass), the rate of loss of water from an open water surface (a component of the weather file) and the amount of water in the rooting zone. (
  • A Department of Molecular Genetics, Leibniz Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research (IPK) Gatersleben, 06466 Seeland, Germany. (
  • About 2000 plants worldwide are susceptible to infection by root-knot nematodes and they cause approximately 5% of global crop loss . (
  • IMPORTANCE Ralstonia solanacearum is a destructive soilborne crop pathogen that wilts plants by colonizing their water-transporting xylem vessels. (
  • Lipid peroxidation (LPO) was measured in terms of thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances (TBARS) by using egg-yolk homogenates as lipid-rich media with EC 50 of aerial part (ethanolic) 1522 μ g/mL which was found to be most active. (
  • High index proteins were also enriched in function associated with plant colonization in S. borealis , and in in planta -induced genes in S. sclerotiorum . (
  • An exami- are associated with the secondary cell wall and stress- nation of microtubers induced from transgenic plants car- related activities and contribute to the skin's protective rying GUS reporter constructs of these genes indicated function. (
  • By comparing 4 consecutive time-points, totally 6,203 differentially expressed genes, 4,732 stage-specific expressed genes and 2,401 specific expressed genes only in aerial or subterranean pods were identified in this study. (
  • These genes might function as potential candidates to provide insights into seed abortion during aerial pod development. (
  • This system was used to control the expression of genes that were involved in the biosynthesis of plant components, which was found to be useful for modifying the contents of useful components. (
  • Results of this study suggested that gene silencing induced rapidly by this method was useful for functional analysis of genes involved in the biosynthesis of plant components and molecular breeding of the pathways. (
  • For this we can unearth the adult plant, and divide it into as many rhizomes as it has developed. (
  • From each adult plant, we can separate 57 rhizomes, which become new plants after transplanting them. (
  • The ability of Δ chk1 mutants to infect corn plants is reduced severely. (
  • At the 2018 ILA Berlin Air Show from April 25-29, the Fraunhofer Institute for Laser Technology ILT is showcasing extreme high-speed Laser Material Deposition (EHLA): A video documents how for metal components that are highly loaded, EHLA has already proved itself as an alternative to hard chrome plating, which is now allowed only under special conditions. (
  • These envelopes consist of polymeric structural components. (
  • These studies suggested that such phloem-mobile macromolecules may well participate in and coordinate developmental and physiological events at the whole plant level ( 17 - 20 ). (
  • Plant habit refers to the overall shape of a plant, and it describes a number of components such as stem length and development, branching pattern, and texture. (
  • Habit is also associated with the development of the plant. (
  • However, the mechanism of seed abortion during aerial pod development remains obscure. (
  • Six critical government-owned components have been tested by the U.S. Army Aviation and Missile Research, Development and Engineering Center (ARMDEC). (
  • To predict productivity, a method of applying the results of aerial photography in combination with experimental data on the biological development of agricultural crops has been developed. (
  • This contribution may be due to the biocidal aspects of triterpenoid saponins , the main component of the plant extract, which may have favoured the sanitation of the root environment, possibly acting on nematodes, which damage the root system (Ritzinger, Borges, Ledo, & Caldas, 2007), resulting in better root development than with only HS application. (
  • 2001). Moreover, the appearance of drug resistant trypanosomes makes the problem even worse, which calls for an urgent development of alternative and efficient drugs either synthetically or from plant origin. (
  • Medicinal plant is a main source of cancer drug development. (
  • Actaea dahurica (Turczaninow ex Fischer & C. A. Meyer) Turczaninow ex Fischer & C. A. Meyer) was collected in Maojingba, Kalaqin Qi, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China, in September 1999, and was identified by Prof. Ruile Pan of the Institute of Medicinal Plant Development, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College. (
  • Dr. David Bartel and colleagues have discovered that miRNAs are also present in plants, where they, like their animal counterparts, may also regulate gene expression during development. (
  • The researchers demonstrate that plant miRNAs are processed by a plant homologue of the Dicer enzyme, CARPEL FACTORY (CAF), suggesting that animal and plant miRNAs share a common processing mechanism, and that the previously described role of CAF in plant development may, in fact, be mediated by miRNAs. (
  • Mr. Kujawa has co-founded several companies engaged in the development of clean energy technologies and projects, including onshore and offshore wind energy, marine high-definition aerial wildlife monitoring, and multimegawatt solar parks. (
  • Beneficial plant-microbe interactions that promote plant health and development have been the subject of considerable study. (
  • However, the repertoire of molecules contributing to the ability of plant pathogenic fungi, such as fungi from the Sclerotiniaceae family, to colonize a wide range of hosts and environments remains elusive. (
  • However, current knowledge on the process(es) and regulation of macromolecular trafficking within the phloem as well as the capacity of these signaling molecules to act within the context of a whole plant signaling network remains limited. (
  • Analysis of plant colonization on an arctic moraine since the end of the Little Ice Age using remotely sensed data and a Bayesian approach. (
  • One way of documenting this change is by recognizing and characterizing the different plant colonization stages and trends that occur on these relatively new environments. (
  • This map was thenintegrated into a data base along with other environment factors known to control plant colonization processes, such as climate (wind, temperature), physical landscape components (habitat characteristics) and morphodynamic processes (runoff). (
  • Terms used in describing plant habit, include: Acaulescent - the leaves and inflorescence rise from the ground, and appear to have no stem. (
  • They are also known as rosette forms, some of the many conditions that result from very short internodes (i.e. close distances between nodes on the plant stem. (
  • Protoplast-mediated regeneration and callus-mediated shoot organogenesis has also been reported from stem explants, and to a lesser degree from root explants of micropropagated plants in vitro. (
  • Previously validated submodels for certain disease cycle components formed the framework for integrating additional processes, and the complete model was calibrated with field data from 10 stem rust epidemics. (
  • The time period hemp is used to call the sturdy delicate fiber from the Cannabis plant stem (stalk). (
  • Background: The family Lamiaceae (Labiatae) has included some medicinal plants. (
  • ethanolic extract of aerial part was most potent in activity with 50% inhibition at 258 μ g/mL concentration. (
  • Ethanolic and aqueous extract of both aerial part and root was almost similar in superoxide radical scavenging activity. (
  • A 400 mg/kg daily pre-treatment (for seven days) with ethanolic leaf extract of the plant was able to offer protection to the hepatic cells of the rats. (
  • Intriguingly, xanA promoter region contains an imperfect PIP-box (plant-inducible promoter) (TTCGC-N16-TTCGA), and the expression of xanA was inducible in rice suspension cells rather than in a nutrient-rich (NB) medium and negatively regulated by a key hrp regulatory HrpG and HrpX cascade. (
  • Researchers at MIT and Rice University have discovered that microRNAs, an emerging class of non-protein gene regulators thus far only identified in animals, also exist in plants. (
  • Plant Cell Rep ;35(11):2207-2225, 2016 Nov. (
  • The recovery of Z. marina initiated in this coastal bay system may be unique in seagrass recovery studies because of how the recovery was initiated (seeds rather than adult plants), how rapidly it occurred (years rather than decades), and the explicit demonstration of how one meadow modulated water clarity and altered sediments as it developed and expanded. (
  • The seagrass restoration component in FY2014 will follow a series of distinct tasks that encompass: 1. (
  • The hemp plant contains traces of THC, but by law hemp may not contain more than 0.3 percent THC-too little to produce a psychoactive effect. (
  • H(068) anthelmintic, intestnal disorder, aerial part of the plant of Ajuga iva, RNS. (
  • Women owned most of home gardens with primarily food plant production purpose while men owned most of home gardens with primarily medicinal plant production purposes. (
  • Here are a couple of studies by Dr. Toyin Yakubu- he is a friend of mine from Nigeria who specializes in medicinal plant research at the University of Ilorin. (
  • The chemical composition and biological activities of 19 essential oils and seven of their major components were tested against free and intracellular forms of Leishmania chagasi and Trypanosoma cruzi parasites as well as Vero and THP-1 mammalian cell lines. (
  • Thymol (IC 50 3.2 ± 0.4 μ g/mL) and S-carvone (IC 50 6.1 ± 2.2 μ g/mL), two of the major components of the active essential oils, were active on intracellular amastigotes of T. cruziinfected Vero cells, with a selective index greater than 10. (
  • None of the essential oils or major components tested in this study was active on amastigotes of L. chagasi infected THP-1 cells. (
  • The major components of the project and the total job cost to date was reviewed weekly. (
  • Recent studies that used HPLC confirmed the potential of micropropagated plants to synthesize the major T. indica alkaloid tylophorine prior to and after transfer to field conditions. (
  • The major cyclic component of apple fruit wax is called ursolic acid and is highly water repellent. (
  • Pretreatment with total plant extract and swerchirin, the major component of the plant, significantly reduced the elevation of biochemical parameters, AST (aspartate aminotransferase), ALT (alanine aminotransferase) and ALP (alkaline phosphatase), the enzymes that are increased by liver damage (P (
  • the aircraft's wing was mated with the fuselage and the engines, landing gear, and other major components were installed. (
  • Plants have two major systems as shoot system and root system. (
  • (E) p-ocimene, (Z)-tagetone, (ii)-tagetone, (Z)-ocimenone, α -pinene and (E)-ocimenone were the major components. (
  • The major components of flag leaf and peduncle cuticular waxes included primary alcohols, ß-diketones and n-alkanes. (
  • During the 1800s, claims for the curative properties of the plant ranged from blood purification to treatment of dizziness and rattlesnake bites. (
  • Isolation and purification suggested that the main components of the methanol-eluted fraction from the young green barley were six known phenolic compounds. (
  • Barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) is a plant widely distributed and cultivated as cereal grain. (
  • Canopy cover and aboveground biomass were determined for understory vegetation in plant communities of a prairie grassland-forest ecotone in southeastern Montana. (
  • Changes in RSA can largely affect plant performance with respect to biomass formation and thus influence yield. (
  • Iron is very important for chlorophyll synthesis, and plants subjected to iron deficiency exhibited severe chlorosis, accompanied by a significant biomass reduction [1]. (
  • Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally. (
  • Acacia hydaspica R. Parker, family leguminosae, is a medicinally important plant. (
  • It is reported that many medicinal components or the nutrient content of plants are closely associated with endophytes, especially endophytic fungi [4]. (
  • While these structures are annual in nature, the plant itself may be annual, biannual, or perennial. (
  • agroecosystems of perennial plants, to choose the most appropriate plants for their requirements and site conditions. (
  • Greater celandine is an herbaceous perennial or biennial plant, measuring between 30 and 100cm. (
  • The only known exception is the jojoba plant ( Simmondsia chinensis ), which is a perennial woody shrub native to semiarid regions of southwestern North America ( Moreau and Huang, 1981 ). (
  • This wetland perennial grass currently occupies about 22% of the lower wetland and is also a significant component of the emergent community that covers approximately 30% of the lower wetland. (