Therapeutic modalities frequently used in PHYSICAL THERAPY SPECIALTY by PHYSICAL THERAPISTS or physiotherapists to promote, maintain, or restore the physical and physiological well-being of an individual.
The auxiliary health profession which makes use of PHYSICAL THERAPY MODALITIES to prevent, correct, and alleviate movement dysfunction of anatomic or physiological origin.
Hospital department which is responsible for the administration and provision of diagnostic and medical rehabilitation services to restore or improve the functional capacity of the patient.
A regimen or plan of physical activities designed and prescribed for specific therapeutic goals. Its purpose is to restore normal musculoskeletal function or to reduce pain caused by diseases or injuries.
Individuals enrolled in a school or formal educational program in the health occupations.
The ability to carry out daily tasks and perform physical activities in a highly functional state, often as a result of physical conditioning.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
The physical activity of a human or an animal as a behavioral phenomenon.
Persons trained in PHYSICAL THERAPY SPECIALTY to make use of PHYSICAL THERAPY MODALITIES to prevent, correct, and alleviate movement dysfunction.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Physical activity which is usually regular and done with the intention of improving or maintaining PHYSICAL FITNESS or HEALTH. Contrast with PHYSICAL EXERTION which is concerned largely with the physiologic and metabolic response to energy expenditure.
Determination of the degree of a physical, mental, or emotional handicap. The diagnosis is applied to legal qualification for benefits and income under disability insurance and to eligibility for Social Security and workmen's compensation benefits.
Various manipulations of body tissues, muscles and bones by hands or equipment to improve health and circulation, relieve fatigue, promote healing.
Procedure to accelerate the ability of a patient to walk or move about by reducing the time to AMBULATION. It is characterized by a shorter period of hospitalization or recumbency than is normally practiced.
The performance of the basic activities of self care, such as dressing, ambulation, or eating.
Systematic and thorough inspection of the patient for physical signs of disease or abnormality.
Inflammation or irritation of a bursa, the fibrous sac that acts as a cushion between moving structures of bones, muscles, tendons or skin.
Acute or chronic pain in the lumbar or sacral regions, which may be associated with musculo-ligamentous SPRAINS AND STRAINS; INTERVERTEBRAL DISK DISPLACEMENT; and other conditions.
An interval of care by a health care facility or provider for a specific medical problem or condition. It may be continuous or it may consist of a series of intervals marked by one or more brief separations from care, and can also identify the sequence of care (e.g., emergency, inpatient, outpatient), thus serving as one measure of health care provided.
Skilled treatment that helps individuals achieve independence in all facets of their lives. It assists in the development of skills needed for independent living.
The planned and carefully managed manual movement of the musculoskeletal system, extremities, and spine to produce increased motion. The term is sometimes used to denote a precise sequence of movements of a joint to determine the presence of disease or to reduce a dislocation. In the case of fractures, orthopedic manipulation can produce better position and alignment of the fracture. (From Blauvelt & Nelson, A Manual of Orthopaedic Terminology, 5th ed, p264)
Scales, questionnaires, tests, and other methods used to assess pain severity and duration in patients or experimental animals to aid in diagnosis, therapy, and physiological studies.
The distance and direction to which a bone joint can be extended. Range of motion is a function of the condition of the joints, muscles, and connective tissues involved. Joint flexibility can be improved through appropriate MUSCLE STRETCHING EXERCISES.
Educational programs designed to inform individuals of recent advances in their particular field of interest. They do not lead to any formal advanced standing.
The treatment of a disease or condition by several different means simultaneously or sequentially. Chemoimmunotherapy, RADIOIMMUNOTHERAPY, chemoradiotherapy, cryochemotherapy, and SALVAGE THERAPY are seen most frequently, but their combinations with each other and surgery are also used.
Diseases of the muscles and their associated ligaments and other connective tissue and of the bones and cartilage viewed collectively.
Interactions between health personnel and patients.
The therapy technique of providing the status of one's own AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYSTEM function (e.g., skin temperature, heartbeats, brain waves) as visual or auditory feedback in order to self-control related conditions (e.g., hypertension, migraine headaches).
Manner or style of walking.
The term "United States" in a medical context often refers to the country where a patient or study participant resides, and is not a medical term per se, but relevant for epidemiological studies, healthcare policies, and understanding differences in disease prevalence, treatment patterns, and health outcomes across various geographic locations.
Planning, organizing, and administering all activities related to personnel.
The expected and characteristic pattern of behavior exhibited by an individual as a member of a particular social group.
Act of striking a part with short, sharp blows as an aid in diagnosing the condition beneath the sound obtained.
Exercises that stretch the muscle fibers with the aim to increase muscle-tendon FLEXIBILITY, improve RANGE OF MOTION or musculoskeletal function, and prevent injuries. There are various types of stretching techniques including active, passive (relaxed), static, dynamic (gentle), ballistic (forced), isometric, and others.
A love or pursuit of wisdom. A search for the underlying causes and principles of reality. (Webster, 3d ed)
A heterogeneous group of nonprogressive motor disorders caused by chronic brain injuries that originate in the prenatal period, perinatal period, or first few years of life. The four major subtypes are spastic, athetoid, ataxic, and mixed cerebral palsy, with spastic forms being the most common. The motor disorder may range from difficulties with fine motor control to severe spasticity (see MUSCLE SPASTICITY) in all limbs. Spastic diplegia (Little disease) is the most common subtype, and is characterized by spasticity that is more prominent in the legs than in the arms. Pathologically, this condition may be associated with LEUKOMALACIA, PERIVENTRICULAR. (From Dev Med Child Neurol 1998 Aug;40(8):520-7)
The systematic and methodical manipulations of body tissues best performed with the hands for the purpose of affecting the nervous and muscular systems and the general circulation.
Care of patients with deficiencies and abnormalities associated with the cardiopulmonary system. It includes the therapeutic use of medical gases and their administrative apparatus, environmental control systems, humidification, aerosols, ventilatory support, bronchopulmonary drainage and exercise, respiratory rehabilitation, assistance with cardiopulmonary resuscitation, and maintenance of natural, artificial, and mechanical airways.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
A form of therapy that employs a coordinated and interdisciplinary approach for easing the suffering and improving the quality of life of those experiencing pain.
Professional practice as an employee or contractee of a health care institution.
Discomfort or more intense forms of pain that are localized to the cervical region. This term generally refers to pain in the posterior or lateral regions of the neck.
A POSTURE in which an ideal body mass distribution is achieved. Postural balance provides the body carriage stability and conditions for normal functions in stationary position or in movement, such as sitting, standing, or walking.
A method in which either the observer(s) or the subject(s) is kept ignorant of the group to which the subjects are assigned.
A partial or complete return to the normal or proper physiologic activity of an organ or part following disease or trauma.
The principles of proper conduct concerning the rights and duties of the professional, relations with patients or consumers and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the professional and interpersonal relations with patient or consumer families. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
Muscular pain in numerous body regions that can be reproduced by pressure on TRIGGER POINTS, localized hardenings in skeletal muscle tissue. Pain is referred to a location distant from the trigger points. A prime example is the TEMPOROMANDIBULAR JOINT DYSFUNCTION SYNDROME.
A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.
A plan for collecting and utilizing data so that desired information can be obtained with sufficient precision or so that an hypothesis can be tested properly.
Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).
A rehabilitation therapy for removal of copious mucus secretion from the lung of patients with diseases such as CHRONIC BRONCHITIS; BRONCHIECTASIS; PULMONARY ABSCESS; or CYSTIC FIBROSIS. The patient's head is placed in a downward incline (so the TRACHEA is inferior to the affected area) for 15- to 20-minute sessions.
Studies beyond the bachelor's degree at an institution having graduate programs for the purpose of preparing for entrance into a specific field, and obtaining a higher degree.
The use of one's knowledge in a particular profession. It includes, in the case of the field of biomedicine, professional activities related to health care and the actual performance of the duties related to the provision of health care.
Instructional programs in the care and development of the body, often in schools. The concept does not include prescribed exercises, which is EXERCISE THERAPY.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
The educational process of instructing.
A surgical specialty which utilizes medical, surgical, and physical methods to treat and correct deformities, diseases, and injuries to the skeletal system, its articulations, and associated structures.
Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)
An unpleasant sensation induced by noxious stimuli which are detected by NERVE ENDINGS of NOCICEPTIVE NEURONS.
Expenditure of energy during PHYSICAL ACTIVITY. Intensity of exertion may be measured by rate of OXYGEN CONSUMPTION; HEAT produced, or HEART RATE. Perceived exertion, a psychological measure of exertion, is included.
Absence of air in the entire or part of a lung, such as an incompletely inflated neonate lung or a collapsed adult lung. Pulmonary atelectasis can be caused by airway obstruction, lung compression, fibrotic contraction, or other factors.
Persons with physical or mental disabilities that affect or limit their activities of daily living and that may require special accommodations.
Prolonged shortening of the muscle or other soft tissue around a joint, preventing movement of the joint.
The position or attitude of the body.
Application of electric current in treatment without the generation of perceptible heat. It includes electric stimulation of nerves or muscles, passage of current into the body, or use of interrupted current of low intensity to raise the threshold of the skin to pain.
'Hospital Bed Capacity, 100 to 299' refers to the medical facility's capacity to accommodate patients, specifically within the range of 100 to 299 beds, which allows for a moderate-sized hospital setting, enabling it to provide care for a substantial number of patients while maintaining relatively close proximity between healthcare professionals and individuals under their supervision.
External application of water for therapeutic purposes.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
The use of focused short radio waves to produce local hyperthermia in an injured person or diseased body area.
Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.
The practice of sending a patient to another program or practitioner for services or advice which the referring source is not prepared to provide.
Rigid or flexible appliances used to maintain in position a displaced or movable part or to keep in place and protect an injured part. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Compression of the rotator cuff tendons and subacromial bursa between the humeral head and structures that make up the coracoacromial arch and the humeral tuberosities. This condition is associated with subacromial bursitis and rotator cuff (largely supraspinatus) and bicipital tendon inflammation, with or without degenerative changes in the tendon. Pain that is most severe when the arm is abducted in an arc between 40 and 120 degrees, sometimes associated with tears in the rotator cuff, is the chief symptom. (From Jablonski's Dictionary of Syndromes and Eponymic Diseases, 2d ed)
An activity in which the body advances at a slow to moderate pace by moving the feet in a coordinated fashion. This includes recreational walking, walking for fitness, and competitive race-walking.
Difficulty in walking from place to place.
The use of focused, high-frequency sound waves to produce local hyperthermia in certain diseased or injured parts of the body or to destroy the diseased tissue.
The use of statistical methods in the analysis of a body of literature to reveal the historical development of subject fields and patterns of authorship, publication, and use. Formerly called statistical bibliography. (from The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
Part of the body in humans and primates where the arms connect to the trunk. The shoulder has five joints; ACROMIOCLAVICULAR joint, CORACOCLAVICULAR joint, GLENOHUMERAL joint, scapulathoracic joint, and STERNOCLAVICULAR joint.
The capability to perform the duties of one's profession generally, or to perform a particular professional task, with skill of an acceptable quality.
Methods or programs of physical activities which can be used to promote, maintain, or restore the physical and physiological well-being of an individual.
Therapeutic exercises aimed to deepen inspiration or expiration or even to alter the rate and rhythm of respiration.
A course of study offered by an educational institution.
Practice of a health profession by an individual, offering services on a person-to-person basis, as opposed to group or partnership practice.
The pull on a limb or a part thereof. Skin traction (indirect traction) is applied by using a bandage to pull on the skin and fascia where light traction is required. Skeletal traction (direct traction), however, uses pins or wires inserted through bone and is attached to weights, pulleys, and ropes. (From Blauvelt & Nelson, A Manual of Orthopaedic Terminology, 5th ed)
The capability to perform acceptably those duties directly related to patient care.
'Joint diseases' is a broad term that refers to medical conditions causing inflammation, degeneration, or functional impairment in any part of a joint, including the cartilage, bone, ligament, tendon, or bursa, thereby affecting movement and potentially causing pain, stiffness, deformity, or reduced range of motion.
The identification, analysis, and resolution of moral problems that arise in the care of patients. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
Walking aids generally having two handgrips and four legs.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
Acute or chronic pain located in the posterior regions of the THORAX; LUMBOSACRAL REGION; or the adjacent regions.
Schools which offer training in the area of health.
Performance of complex motor acts.
Unilateral or bilateral pain of the shoulder. It is often caused by physical activities such as work or sports participation, but may also be pathologic in origin.
"The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.
The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.
Organizations composed of members with common interests and whose professions may be similar.
The time span between the beginning of physical activity by an individual and the termination because of exhaustion.
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
The amount of force generated by MUSCLE CONTRACTION. Muscle strength can be measured during isometric, isotonic, or isokinetic contraction, either manually or using a device such as a MUSCLE STRENGTH DYNAMOMETER.
Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.
Severe or complete loss of motor function on one side of the body. This condition is usually caused by BRAIN DISEASES that are localized to the cerebral hemisphere opposite to the side of weakness. Less frequently, BRAIN STEM lesions; cervical SPINAL CORD DISEASES; PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES; and other conditions may manifest as hemiplegia. The term hemiparesis (see PARESIS) refers to mild to moderate weakness involving one side of the body.
Insurance coverage providing compensation and medical benefits to individuals because of work-connected injuries or disease.
A symptom, not a disease, of a twisted neck. In most instances, the head is tipped toward one side and the chin rotated toward the other. The involuntary muscle contractions in the neck region of patients with torticollis can be due to congenital defects, trauma, inflammation, tumors, and neurological or other factors.
Business management of medical, dental and veterinary practices that may include capital financing, utilization management, and arrangement of capitation agreements with other parties.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
A way of providing health care that is guided by a thoughtful integration of the best available scientific knowledge with clinical expertise. This approach allows the practitioner to critically assess research data, clinical guidelines, and other information resources in order to correctly identify the clinical problem, apply the most high-quality intervention, and re-evaluate the outcome for future improvement.
Movement of a body part initiated and maintained by a mechanical or electrical device to restore normal range of motion to joints, muscles, or tendons after surgery, prosthesis implantation, contracture flexion, or long immobilization.
Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.
The teaching or training of patients concerning their own health needs.
Clinical syndrome describing overuse tendon injuries characterized by a combination of PAIN, diffuse or localized swelling, and impaired performance. Distinguishing tendinosis from tendinitis is clinically difficult and can be made only after histopathological examination.
Discussion of lists of works, documents or other publications, usually with some relationship between them, e.g., by a given author, on a given subject, or published in a given place, and differing from a catalog in that its contents are restricted to holdings of a single collection, library, or group of libraries. (from The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
Apparatus used to support, align, prevent, or correct deformities or to improve the function of movable parts of the body.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in an educational institution.
Mapping of the linear order of genes on a chromosome with units indicating their distances by using methods other than genetic recombination. These methods include nucleotide sequencing, overlapping deletions in polytene chromosomes, and electron micrography of heteroduplex DNA. (From King & Stansfield, A Dictionary of Genetics, 5th ed)
The end-result or objective, which may be specified or required in advance.
The legal authority or formal permission from authorities to carry on certain activities which by law or regulation require such permission. It may be applied to licensure of institutions as well as individuals.
Country located in EUROPE. It is bordered by the NORTH SEA, BELGIUM, and GERMANY. Constituent areas are Aruba, Curacao, Sint Maarten, formerly included in the NETHERLANDS ANTILLES.
The act, process, or result of passing from one place or position to another. It differs from LOCOMOTION in that locomotion is restricted to the passing of the whole body from one place to another, while movement encompasses both locomotion but also a change of the position of the whole body or any of its parts. Movement may be used with reference to humans, vertebrate and invertebrate animals, and microorganisms. Differentiate also from MOTOR ACTIVITY, movement associated with behavior.
The measurement of the health status for a given population using a variety of indices, including morbidity, mortality, and available health resources.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.

The Sock Test for evaluating activity limitation in patients with musculoskeletal pain. (1/2789)

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Assessment within rehabilitation often must reflect patients' perceived functional problems and provide information on whether these problems are caused by impairments of the musculoskeletal system. Such capabilities were examined in a new functional test, the Sock Test, simulating the activity of putting on a sock. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Intertester reliability was examined in 21 patients. Concurrent validity, responsiveness, and predictive validity were examined in a sample of 337 patients and in subgroups of this sample. RESULTS: Intertester reliability was acceptable. Sock Test scores were related to concurrent reports of activity limitation in dressing activities. Scores also reflected questionnaire-derived reports of problems in a broad range of activities of daily living and pain and were responsive to change over time. Increases in age and body mass index increased the likelihood of Sock Test scores indicating activity limitation. Pretest scores were predictive of perceived difficulties in dressing activities after 1 year. CONCLUSION AND DISCUSSION: Sock Test scores reflect perceived activity limitations and restrictions of the musculoskeletal system.  (+info)

Development of the physical therapy outpatient satisfaction survey (PTOPS). (2/2789)

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The purposes of this 3-phase study were (1) to identify the underlying components of outpatient satisfaction in physical therapy and (2) to develop a test that would yield reliable and valid measurements of these components. SUBJECTS: Three samples, consisting of 177, 257, and 173 outpatients from 21 facilities, were used in phases 1, 2, and 3, respectively. METHODS AND RESULTS: In phase 1, principal component analyses (PCAs), reliability checks, and correlations with social desirability scales were used to reduce a pool of 98 items to 32 items. These analyses identified a 5-component model of outpatient satisfaction in physical therapy. The phase 2 PCA, with a revised pool of 48 items, indicated that 4 components rather than 5 components represented the best model and resulted in the 34-item Physical Therapy Outpatient Satisfaction Survey (PTOPS). Factor analyses conducted with phase 2 and phase 3 data supported this conclusion and provided evidence for the internal validity of the PTOPS scores. The 4-component scales were labeled "Enhancers," "Detractors," "Location," and "Cost." Responses from subsamples of phase 3 subjects provided evidence for validity of scores in that the PTOPS components of "Enhancers," "Detractors," and "Cost" appeared to differentiate overtly satisfied patients from overtly dissatisfied patients. "Location" and "Enhancer" scores discriminated subjects with excellent attendance at scheduled physical therapy sessions from those with poor attendance. CONCLUSION AND DISCUSSION: In this study, we identified components of outpatient satisfaction in physical therapy and used them to develop a test that would yield valid and reliable measurements of these components.  (+info)

Osteopenia in the patient with cancer. (3/2789)

Osteopenia is defined as a reduction in bone mass. It is commonly known to occur in elderly people or women who are postmenopausal due to hormonal imbalances. This condition, however, can result because of many other factors, such as poor nutrition, prolonged pharmacological intervention, disease, and decreased mobility. Because patients with cancer experience many of these factors, they are often predisposed to osteopenia. Currently, patients with cancer are living longer and leading more fulfilling lives after treatment. Therefore, it is imperative that therapists who are responsible for these patients understand the risk factors for osteopenia and their relevance to a patient with cancer.  (+info)

Randomized, controlled trial to evaluate increased intensity of physiotherapy treatment of arm function after stroke. (4/2789)

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Many patients have impaired arm function after stroke, for which they receive physiotherapy. The aim of the study was to determine whether increasing the amount of physiotherapy early after stroke improved the recovery of arm function and to compare the effects of this therapy when administered by a qualified therapist or a trained, supervised assistant. The physiotherapy followed a typical British approach, which is Bobath derived. Ten hours of additional therapy were given over a 5-week period. METHODS: The study design was a single-blind, randomized, controlled trial. Stroke patients were recruited from those admitted to the hospital in the 5 weeks after stroke. They were randomly allocated to routine physiotherapy, additional treatment by a qualified physiotherapist, or additional treatment by a physiotherapy assistant. Outcome was assessed after 5 weeks of treatment and at 3 and 6 months after stroke on measures of arm function and of independence in activities of daily living. RESULTS: There were 282 patients recruited to the study. The median initial Barthel score was 6.5, and the median age of the patients was 73 years. The median initial Rivermead Motor Assessment Arm score was 1. There were no significant differences between the groups at randomization or on any of the outcome measures. Only half of the patients allocated to the 2 additional-therapy groups completed the program. CONCLUSIONS: This increase in the amount of physiotherapy for arm impairment with a typical British approach given early after stroke did not significantly improve the recovery of arm function in the patients studied. A number of other studies of interventions aimed at rehabilitation of arm function have reported positive results. Such findings may have been due to the content of these interventions, to the greater intensity of the interventions, or to the selection of patients to whom the treatments were applied.  (+info)

Effects of constraint-induced movement therapy on patients with chronic motor deficits after stroke: a replication. (5/2789)

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Constraint-induced movement therapy (CI therapy) has previously been shown to produce large improvements in actual amount of use of a more affected upper extremity in the "real-world" environment in patients with chronic stroke (ie, >1 year after the event). This work was carried out in an American laboratory. Our aim was to determine whether these results could be replicated in another laboratory located in Germany, operating within the context of a healthcare system in which administration of conventional types of physical therapy is generally more extensive than in the United States. METHODS: Fifteen chronic stroke patients were given CI therapy, involving restriction of movement of the intact upper extremity by placing it in a sling for 90% of waking hours for 12 days and training (by shaping) of the more affected extremity for 7 hours on the 8 weekdays during that period. RESULTS: Patients showed a significant and very large degree of improvement from before to after treatment on a laboratory motor test and on a test assessing amount of use of the affected extremity in activities of daily living in the life setting (effect sizes, 0.9 and 2.2, respectively), with no decrement in performance at 6-month follow-up. During a pretreatment control test-retest interval, there were no significant changes on these tests. CONCLUSIONS: Results replicate in Germany the findings with CI therapy in an American laboratory, suggesting that the intervention has general applicability.  (+info)

Toward sensitive practice: issues for physical therapists working with survivors of childhood sexual abuse. (6/2789)

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The high rates of prevalence of childhood sexual abuse in the United States and Canada suggest that physical therapists work, often unknowingly, with adult survivors of childhood sexual abuse. The purposes of this qualitative study were to explore the reactions of adult female survivors of childhood sexual abuse to physical therapy and to listen to their ideas about how practitioners could be more sensitive to their needs. The dynamics and long-term sequelae of childhood sexual abuse, as currently understood by mental health researchers and as described by the participants, are summarized to provide a context for the findings of this study. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Twenty-seven female survivors (aged 19-62 years) participated in semistructured interviews in which they described their reactions to physical therapy. RESULTS: Survivors' reactions to physical therapy, termed "long-term sequelae of abuse that detract from feeling safe in physical therapy," are reported. Participant-identified suggestions that could contribute to the sense of safety are shared. CONCLUSIONS AND DISCUSSION: Although the physical therapist cannot change the survivor's history, an appreciation of issues associated with child sexual abuse theoretically can increase clinicians' understanding of survivors' reactions during treatment. We believe that attention by the physical therapist to the client's sense of safety throughout treatment can maximize the benefits of the physical therapy experience for the client who is a survivor.  (+info)

The relationship between submaximal activity of the lumbar extensor muscles and lumbar posteroanterior stiffness. (7/2789)

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Some patients with low back pain are thought to have increased lumbar posteroanterior (PA) stiffness. Increased activity of the lumbar extensors could contribute to this stiffness. This activity may be seen when a PA force is applied and is thought to represent much less force than occurs with a maximal voluntary contraction (MVC). Although MVCs of the lumbar extensors are known to increase lumbar PA stiffness, the effect of small amounts of voluntary contraction is not known. In this study, the effect of varying amounts of voluntary isometric muscle activity of the lumbar extensors on lumbar PA stiffness was examined. SUBJECTS: Twenty subjects without low back pain, aged 26 to 45 years (X=34, SD=5.6), participated in the study. METHODS: Subjects were asked to perform an isometric MVC of their lumbar extensor muscles with their pelvis fixed by exerting a force against a steel plate located over their T4 spinous process. They were then asked to perform contractions generating force equivalent to 0%, 10%, 30%, 50%, and 100% of that obtained with an MVC. Posteroanterior stiffness at L4 was measured during these contractions. RESULTS: A Friedman one-way analysis of variance for repeated measures demonstrated a difference in PA stiffness among all levels of muscle activity. CONCLUSION AND DISCUSSION: Voluntary contraction of the lumbar extensor muscles will result in an increase in lumbar PA stiffness even at low levels of activity.  (+info)

Back care instructions in physical therapy: a trend analysis of individualized back care programs. (8/2789)

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The treatment of people with low back pain often includes giving a variety of instructions about back care. The objective of our study was to explore the content and sequence of these instructions. SUBJECTS: Our database contained information on 1,151 therapy sessions for 132 patients who were treated by 21 therapists. METHODS: Hierarchical linear modeling was used to establish trends in instructions during the course of treatment. Instructions were measured by means of a registration form. RESULTS: Pain management instructions were given at the start of treatment and then decreased in later sessions. Instructions about taking care of the back in daily activities followed the same course. Exercise instructions were introduced after the start of treatment and were spread evenly across the visits. The number of recommendations about general fitness decreased during treatment. CONCLUSION AND DISCUSSION: The majority of back care instructions were spread evenly across therapy visits. Relatively little variation in instructions among patients was seen, which may indicate a lack of individualization of the back care programs.  (+info)

Physical therapy modalities refer to the various forms of treatment that physical therapists use to help reduce pain, promote healing, and restore function to the body. These modalities can include:

1. Heat therapy: This includes the use of hot packs, paraffin baths, and infrared heat to increase blood flow, relax muscles, and relieve pain.
2. Cold therapy: Also known as cryotherapy, this involves the use of ice packs, cold compresses, or cooling gels to reduce inflammation, numb the area, and relieve pain.
3. Electrical stimulation: This uses electrical currents to stimulate nerves and muscles, which can help to reduce pain, promote healing, and improve muscle strength and function.
4. Ultrasound: This uses high-frequency sound waves to penetrate deep into tissues, increasing blood flow, reducing inflammation, and promoting healing.
5. Manual therapy: This includes techniques such as massage, joint mobilization, and stretching, which are used to improve range of motion, reduce pain, and promote relaxation.
6. Traction: This is a technique that uses gentle pulling on the spine or other joints to help relieve pressure and improve alignment.
7. Light therapy: Also known as phototherapy, this involves the use of low-level lasers or light-emitting diodes (LEDs) to promote healing and reduce pain and inflammation.
8. Therapeutic exercise: This includes a range of exercises that are designed to improve strength, flexibility, balance, and coordination, and help patients recover from injury or illness.

Physical therapy modalities are often used in combination with other treatments, such as manual therapy and therapeutic exercise, to provide a comprehensive approach to rehabilitation and pain management.

A Physical Therapy Specialty refers to an area of practice within the field of physical therapy that requires advanced knowledge, skills, and experience beyond the entry-level degree. The American Board of Physical Therapy Specialties (ABPTS) recognizes nine specialty areas: Cardiovascular and Pulmonary, Clinical Electrophysiology, Geriatrics, Neurology, Oncology, Orthopaedics, Pediatrics, Sports, and Women's Health.

To become a board-certified specialist in one of these areas, physical therapists must meet specific education, practice, and examination requirements established by the ABPTS. Specialty certification is valid for ten years, after which specialists must recertify to maintain their credential. Board certification in a specialty area demonstrates a commitment to excellence and expertise in providing high-quality patient care within that specialized area of practice.

The Physical Therapy Department in a hospital is a specialized unit that provides evaluation, treatment, and management of patients with various movement and mobility issues. The department is staffed with licensed physical therapists (PTs) and physical therapist assistants (PTAs) who work under the direction of a PT. They use evidence-based techniques to address impairments, improve function, and prevent disability in patients with conditions such as orthopedic injuries, neurological disorders, cardiopulmonary diseases, and pediatric or geriatric conditions.

Physical therapy interventions may include exercises for strength, flexibility, balance, and coordination; manual therapy techniques such as soft tissue mobilization and joint mobilization/manipulation; modalities like heat, cold, electricity, and sound to manage pain and inflammation; and patient education on proper body mechanics, posture, and activity modification. The ultimate goal of physical therapy is to help patients achieve their maximum functional potential and improve their quality of life.

Exercise therapy is a type of medical treatment that uses physical movement and exercise to improve a patient's physical functioning, mobility, and overall health. It is often used as a component of rehabilitation programs for individuals who have experienced injuries, illnesses, or surgeries that have impaired their ability to move and function normally.

Exercise therapy may involve a range of activities, including stretching, strengthening, balance training, aerobic exercise, and functional training. The specific exercises used will depend on the individual's needs, goals, and medical condition.

The benefits of exercise therapy include:

* Improved strength and flexibility
* Increased endurance and stamina
* Enhanced balance and coordination
* Reduced pain and inflammation
* Improved cardiovascular health
* Increased range of motion and joint mobility
* Better overall physical functioning and quality of life.

Exercise therapy is typically prescribed and supervised by a healthcare professional, such as a physical therapist or exercise physiologist, who has experience working with individuals with similar medical conditions. The healthcare professional will create an individualized exercise program based on the patient's needs and goals, and will provide guidance and support to ensure that the exercises are performed safely and effectively.

I'm happy to help! However, I believe there might be a slight confusion in your question. "Students, Health Occupations" is not a medical term or definition per se, but rather a general description of individuals who are studying to become healthcare professionals.

Healthcare occupations encompass a wide range of professions, including (but not limited to) physicians, nurses, pharmacists, dentists, mental health professionals, allied health professionals (such as physical therapists, respiratory therapists, and diagnostic medical sonographers), and public health professionals.

Students in health occupations are individuals who are pursuing education and training to enter these professions. They may be enrolled in various types of educational programs, such as undergraduate or graduate degree programs, vocational schools, certificate programs, or on-the-job training. The specific requirements for becoming a healthcare professional vary depending on the profession and the location, but typically involve a combination of education, clinical training, licensure, and certification.

Physical fitness is a state of being able to perform various physical activities that require endurance, strength, flexibility, balance, and coordination. According to the American Heart Association (AHA), physical fitness is defined as "a set of attributes that people have or achieve that relates to the ability to perform physical activity."

The AHA identifies five components of physical fitness:

1. Cardiorespiratory endurance: The ability of the heart, lungs, and blood vessels to supply oxygen to muscles during sustained physical activity.
2. Muscular strength: The amount of force a muscle can exert in a single effort.
3. Muscular endurance: The ability of a muscle or group of muscles to sustain repeated contractions or to continue to apply force against an external resistance over time.
4. Flexibility: The range of motion possible at a joint.
5. Body composition: The proportion of fat-free mass (muscle, bone, and organs) to fat mass in the body.

Being physically fit can help reduce the risk of chronic diseases such as heart disease, diabetes, and some types of cancer. It can also improve mental health, increase energy levels, and enhance overall quality of life.

A questionnaire in the medical context is a standardized, systematic, and structured tool used to gather information from individuals regarding their symptoms, medical history, lifestyle, or other health-related factors. It typically consists of a series of written questions that can be either self-administered or administered by an interviewer. Questionnaires are widely used in various areas of healthcare, including clinical research, epidemiological studies, patient care, and health services evaluation to collect data that can inform diagnosis, treatment planning, and population health management. They provide a consistent and organized method for obtaining information from large groups or individual patients, helping to ensure accurate and comprehensive data collection while minimizing bias and variability in the information gathered.

"Motor activity" is a general term used in the field of medicine and neuroscience to refer to any kind of physical movement or action that is generated by the body's motor system. The motor system includes the brain, spinal cord, nerves, and muscles that work together to produce movements such as walking, talking, reaching for an object, or even subtle actions like moving your eyes.

Motor activity can be voluntary, meaning it is initiated intentionally by the individual, or involuntary, meaning it is triggered automatically by the nervous system without conscious control. Examples of voluntary motor activity include deliberately lifting your arm or kicking a ball, while examples of involuntary motor activity include heartbeat, digestion, and reflex actions like jerking your hand away from a hot stove.

Abnormalities in motor activity can be a sign of neurological or muscular disorders, such as Parkinson's disease, cerebral palsy, or multiple sclerosis. Assessment of motor activity is often used in the diagnosis and treatment of these conditions.

A physical therapist (PT), also known as a physiotherapist in some countries, is a healthcare professional who provides treatment to individuals to develop, maintain, and restore maximum body movement and functional ability throughout the lifespan. This is achieved through promotion of mobility, functional ability, quality of life and prevention of activity limitations and participation restrictions due to diseases, disorders or injuries.

Physical therapists evaluate and assess an individual'

s mobility, strength, flexibility, balance, coordination, posture, and cardiopulmonary status to determine a diagnosis and prognosis. They then develop an individualized treatment plan, incorporating a variety of therapeutic interventions such as exercise, manual therapy, education, modalities (e.g., heat, cold, electrical stimulation), assistive devices, and technology to achieve the goals outlined in the treatment plan.

Physical therapists may practice in various settings including hospitals, outpatient clinics, private practices, rehabilitation centers, skilled nursing facilities, home health agencies, schools, sports and fitness facilities, workplaces, and universities. They often collaborate with other healthcare professionals such as physicians, nurses, occupational therapists, speech-language pathologists, and social workers to provide comprehensive care to patients.

In addition to direct patient care, physical therapists may also be involved in education, research, and administration related to the field of physical therapy.

Treatment outcome is a term used to describe the result or effect of medical treatment on a patient's health status. It can be measured in various ways, such as through symptoms improvement, disease remission, reduced disability, improved quality of life, or survival rates. The treatment outcome helps healthcare providers evaluate the effectiveness of a particular treatment plan and make informed decisions about future care. It is also used in clinical research to compare the efficacy of different treatments and improve patient care.

Exercise is defined in the medical context as a physical activity that is planned, structured, and repetitive, with the primary aim of improving or maintaining one or more components of physical fitness. Components of physical fitness include cardiorespiratory endurance, muscular strength, muscular endurance, flexibility, and body composition. Exercise can be classified based on its intensity (light, moderate, or vigorous), duration (length of time), and frequency (number of times per week). Common types of exercise include aerobic exercises, such as walking, jogging, cycling, and swimming; resistance exercises, such as weightlifting; flexibility exercises, such as stretching; and balance exercises. Exercise has numerous health benefits, including reducing the risk of chronic diseases, improving mental health, and enhancing overall quality of life.

Disability Evaluation is the process of determining the nature and extent of a person's functional limitations or impairments, and assessing their ability to perform various tasks and activities in order to determine eligibility for disability benefits or accommodations. This process typically involves a medical examination and assessment by a licensed healthcare professional, such as a physician or psychologist, who evaluates the individual's symptoms, medical history, laboratory test results, and functional abilities. The evaluation may also involve input from other professionals, such as vocational experts, occupational therapists, or speech-language pathologists, who can provide additional information about the person's ability to perform specific tasks and activities in a work or daily living context. Based on this information, a determination is made about whether the individual meets the criteria for disability as defined by the relevant governing authority, such as the Social Security Administration or the Americans with Disabilities Act.

Musculoskeletal manipulations refer to the skilled manual movement of or pressure applied to a joint or joints, muscle, or muscles and connective tissues. The goal is to improve mobility, relieve pain, reduce muscle tension, or restore function in the body. This technique is often used by chiropractors, osteopathic physicians, physical therapists, and some massage therapists as a treatment intervention for various musculoskeletal conditions such as low back pain, neck pain, headaches, and joint disorders.

It's important to note that musculoskeletal manipulations should be performed by trained healthcare professionals, as there are potential risks and contraindications associated with this type of treatment. Patients should consult with their healthcare provider before undergoing any form of manual therapy.

Early ambulation, also known as early mobilization or early rehabilitation, refers to the practice of encouraging patients to get out of bed and start moving around as soon as possible after a surgical procedure or medical event such as a stroke. The goal of early ambulation is to prevent complications associated with prolonged bed rest, including muscle weakness, joint stiffness, blood clots, pneumonia, and pressure ulcers. It can also help improve patients' overall recovery, strength, and functional ability.

The specific timeline for early ambulation will depend on the individual patient's medical condition and healthcare provider's recommendations. However, in general, it is recommended to start mobilizing patients as soon as they are medically stable and able to do so safely, often within the first 24-48 hours after surgery or an event. This may involve sitting up in bed, standing, taking a few steps with assistance, or walking a short distance with the help of a walker or other assistive device.

Healthcare providers such as physicians, nurses, and physical therapists work together to develop a safe and effective early ambulation plan for each patient, taking into account their individual needs, abilities, and limitations.

Activities of Daily Living (ADL) are routine self-care activities that individuals usually do every day without assistance. These activities are widely used as a measure to determine the functional status and independence of a person, particularly in the elderly or those with disabilities or chronic illnesses. The basic ADLs include:

1. Personal hygiene: Bathing, washing hands and face, brushing teeth, grooming, and using the toilet.
2. Dressing: Selecting appropriate clothes and dressing oneself.
3. Eating: Preparing and consuming food, either independently or with assistive devices.
4. Mobility: Moving in and out of bed, chairs, or wheelchairs, walking independently or using mobility aids.
5. Transferring: Moving from one place to another, such as getting in and out of a car, bath, or bed.

There are also more complex Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADLs) that assess an individual's ability to manage their own life and live independently. These include managing finances, shopping for groceries, using the telephone, taking medications as prescribed, preparing meals, and housekeeping tasks.

A physical examination is a methodical and systematic process of evaluating a patient's overall health status. It involves inspecting, palpating, percussing, and auscultating different parts of the body to detect any abnormalities or medical conditions. The primary purpose of a physical examination is to gather information about the patient's health, identify potential health risks, diagnose medical conditions, and develop an appropriate plan for prevention, treatment, or further evaluation.

During a physical examination, a healthcare provider may assess various aspects of a patient's health, including their vital signs (such as blood pressure, heart rate, temperature, and respiratory rate), height, weight, body mass index (BMI), and overall appearance. They may also examine different organ systems, such as the cardiovascular, respiratory, gastrointestinal, neurological, musculoskeletal, and genitourinary systems, to identify any signs of disease or abnormalities.

Physical examinations are an essential part of preventive healthcare and are typically performed during routine check-ups, annual physicals, and when patients present with symptoms or concerns about their health. The specific components of a physical examination may vary depending on the patient's age, sex, medical history, and presenting symptoms.

Bursitis is the inflammation or irritation of the bursa, a small fluid-filled sac that provides a cushion between bones and muscles, tendons, or skin around a joint. The bursae help to reduce friction and provide smooth movement of the joints. Bursitis can occur in any joint but is most common in the shoulder, elbow, hip, knee, and heel.

The inflammation of the bursa can result from various factors, including repetitive motions, injury or trauma to the joint, bacterial infection, or underlying health conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis or gout. The symptoms of bursitis include pain and tenderness in the affected area, swelling, warmth, and redness. Treatment for bursitis typically involves resting and immobilizing the affected joint, applying ice to reduce swelling, taking anti-inflammatory medications, and undergoing physical therapy exercises to improve strength and flexibility. In severe cases, corticosteroid injections or surgery may be necessary to alleviate symptoms and promote healing.

Low back pain is a common musculoskeletal disorder characterized by discomfort or pain in the lower part of the back, typically between the costal margin (bottom of the ribcage) and the gluteal folds (buttocks). It can be caused by several factors including strain or sprain of the muscles or ligaments, disc herniation, spinal stenosis, osteoarthritis, or other degenerative conditions affecting the spine. The pain can range from a dull ache to a sharp stabbing sensation and may be accompanied by stiffness, limited mobility, and radiating pain down the legs in some cases. Low back pain is often described as acute (lasting less than 6 weeks), subacute (lasting between 6-12 weeks), or chronic (lasting more than 12 weeks).

An "episode of care" is a term commonly used in the healthcare industry to describe the period of time during which a patient receives medical treatment for a specific condition, injury, or health issue. It typically includes all the services provided by one or more healthcare professionals or facilities during the course of treating that particular condition or health problem. This may include various aspects such as diagnosis, treatment, follow-up care, and any necessary readmissions related to that specific condition.

The purpose of defining an episode of care is to help measure the quality, effectiveness, and cost of healthcare services for a given condition or procedure. By analyzing data from episodes of care, healthcare providers, payers, and policymakers can identify best practices, improve patient outcomes, and make more informed decisions about resource allocation and reimbursement policies.

Occupational therapy (OT) is a healthcare profession that aims to improve the daily living and functional abilities of individuals who have physical, sensory, or cognitive disabilities. OT focuses on helping people participate in the activities of everyday life, such as self-care tasks (e.g., dressing, grooming), productive tasks (e.g., work, school), and leisure activities (e.g., hobbies, sports).

Occupational therapists use a variety of interventions to achieve these goals, including:

1. Customized treatment plans that focus on the individual's specific needs and goals.
2. Adaptive equipment and assistive technology to help individuals perform activities more independently.
3. Education and training for individuals, families, and caregivers on how to use adaptive equipment and techniques.
4. Environmental modifications to make daily activities safer and more accessible.
5. Skill development and practice in areas such as fine motor coordination, cognitive skills, and sensory processing.

Occupational therapy can be provided in a variety of settings, including hospitals, rehabilitation centers, outpatient clinics, schools, and private homes. OT is often recommended for individuals who have experienced a stroke, brain injury, spinal cord injury, or other conditions that affect their ability to perform daily activities.

Orthopedic manipulation is a hands-on technique that is used by healthcare professionals, such as orthopedic doctors, chiropractors, and physical therapists, to diagnose and treat muscle and joint disorders. This manual procedure involves moving the joints or soft tissues in a specific direction and amplitude with the aim of improving joint mobility, reducing pain, relieving muscle tension, and enhancing overall function.

Orthopedic manipulation can be performed on various parts of the body, including the spine, extremities, and cranial structures. It is often used as a complementary treatment alongside other therapeutic interventions, such as exercise, medication, or surgery, to manage a wide range of musculoskeletal conditions, including but not limited to:

* Back pain and stiffness
* Neck pain and stiffness
* Joint pain and inflammation
* Muscle spasms and tension
* Headaches and migraines
* Disc disorders
* Sprains and strains
* Postural dysfunctions

It is important to note that orthopedic manipulation should only be performed by trained and licensed healthcare professionals, as improper techniques can lead to injury or further damage. Patients should consult with their healthcare provider to determine if orthopedic manipulation is an appropriate treatment option for their specific condition.

Pain measurement, in a medical context, refers to the quantification or evaluation of the intensity and/or unpleasantness of a patient's subjective pain experience. This is typically accomplished through the use of standardized self-report measures such as numerical rating scales (NRS), visual analog scales (VAS), or categorical scales (mild, moderate, severe). In some cases, physiological measures like heart rate, blood pressure, and facial expressions may also be used to supplement self-reported pain ratings. The goal of pain measurement is to help healthcare providers better understand the nature and severity of a patient's pain in order to develop an effective treatment plan.

Articular Range of Motion (AROM) is a term used in physiotherapy and orthopedics to describe the amount of movement available in a joint, measured in degrees of a circle. It refers to the range through which synovial joints can actively move without causing pain or injury. AROM is assessed by measuring the degree of motion achieved by active muscle contraction, as opposed to passive range of motion (PROM), where the movement is generated by an external force.

Assessment of AROM is important in evaluating a patient's functional ability and progress, planning treatment interventions, and determining return to normal activities or sports participation. It is also used to identify any restrictions in joint mobility that may be due to injury, disease, or surgery, and to monitor the effectiveness of rehabilitation programs.

Continuing education (CE) in the medical field refers to the ongoing process of learning and professional development that healthcare professionals engage in throughout their careers. The goal of CE is to maintain, develop, and increase knowledge, skills, and competence in order to provide safe, effective, and high-quality care to patients.

Continuing education activities can take many forms, including conferences, seminars, workshops, online courses, and self-study programs. These activities may cover a wide range of topics, such as new research findings, advances in clinical practice, changes in regulations or guidelines, and ethical issues.

Healthcare professionals are often required to complete a certain number of CE credits each year in order to maintain their licensure or certification. This helps ensure that they stay up-to-date with the latest developments in their field and are able to provide the best possible care to their patients.

Combined modality therapy (CMT) is a medical treatment approach that utilizes more than one method or type of therapy simultaneously or in close succession, with the goal of enhancing the overall effectiveness of the treatment. In the context of cancer care, CMT often refers to the combination of two or more primary treatment modalities, such as surgery, radiation therapy, and systemic therapies (chemotherapy, immunotherapy, targeted therapy, etc.).

The rationale behind using combined modality therapy is that each treatment method can target cancer cells in different ways, potentially increasing the likelihood of eliminating all cancer cells and reducing the risk of recurrence. The specific combination and sequence of treatments will depend on various factors, including the type and stage of cancer, patient's overall health, and individual preferences.

For example, a common CMT approach for locally advanced rectal cancer may involve preoperative (neoadjuvant) chemoradiation therapy, followed by surgery to remove the tumor, and then postoperative (adjuvant) chemotherapy. This combined approach allows for the reduction of the tumor size before surgery, increases the likelihood of complete tumor removal, and targets any remaining microscopic cancer cells with systemic chemotherapy.

It is essential to consult with a multidisciplinary team of healthcare professionals to determine the most appropriate CMT plan for each individual patient, considering both the potential benefits and risks associated with each treatment method.

Musculoskeletal diseases are a group of medical conditions that affect the bones, joints, muscles, tendons, ligaments, and nerves. These diseases can cause pain, stiffness, limited mobility, and decreased function in the affected areas of the body. They include a wide range of conditions such as:

1. Osteoarthritis: A degenerative joint disease characterized by the breakdown of cartilage in joints, leading to pain, stiffness, and loss of mobility.
2. Rheumatoid arthritis: An autoimmune disorder that causes inflammation in the lining of the joints, resulting in swelling, pain, and bone erosion.
3. Gout: A form of arthritis caused by the buildup of uric acid crystals in the joints, leading to severe pain, redness, and swelling.
4. Osteoporosis: A condition characterized by weakened bones that are more susceptible to fractures due to decreased bone density.
5. Fibromyalgia: A disorder that causes widespread muscle pain, fatigue, and tenderness in specific areas of the body.
6. Spinal disorders: Conditions affecting the spine, such as herniated discs, spinal stenosis, or degenerative disc disease, which can cause back pain, numbness, tingling, or weakness.
7. Soft tissue injuries: Damage to muscles, tendons, and ligaments, often caused by overuse, strain, or trauma.
8. Infections: Bone and joint infections (septic arthritis or osteomyelitis) can cause pain, swelling, and fever.
9. Tumors: Benign or malignant growths in bones, muscles, or soft tissues can lead to pain, swelling, and limited mobility.
10. Genetic disorders: Certain genetic conditions, such as Marfan syndrome or Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, can affect the musculoskeletal system and cause various symptoms.

Treatment for musculoskeletal diseases varies depending on the specific condition but may include medications, physical therapy, exercise, surgery, or a combination of these approaches.

Professional-patient relations, also known as physician-patient relationships or doctor-patient relationships, refer to the interactions and communications between healthcare professionals and their patients. It is a critical aspect of healthcare delivery that involves trust, respect, understanding, and collaboration. The American Medical Association (AMA) defines it as "a ethical relationship in which a physician, by virtue of knowledge and skills, provides medical services to a patient in need."

Professional-patient relations encompass various elements, including:

1. Informed Consent: Healthcare professionals must provide patients with adequate information about their medical condition, treatment options, benefits, risks, and alternatives to enable them to make informed decisions about their healthcare.
2. Confidentiality: Healthcare professionals must respect patients' privacy and maintain the confidentiality of their medical information, except in specific circumstances where disclosure is required by law or necessary for patient safety.
3. Communication: Healthcare professionals must communicate effectively with patients, listening to their concerns, answering their questions, and providing clear and concise explanations about their medical condition and treatment plan.
4. Empathy and Compassion: Healthcare professionals must demonstrate empathy and compassion towards their patients, recognizing their emotional and psychological needs and providing support and comfort when necessary.
5. Cultural Competence: Healthcare professionals must be aware of and respect cultural differences among their patients, adapting their communication style and treatment approach to meet the unique needs of each patient.
6. Shared Decision-Making: Healthcare professionals and patients should work together to make medical decisions based on the best available evidence, the patient's values and preferences, and the healthcare professional's expertise.
7. Continuity of Care: Healthcare professionals must ensure continuity of care for their patients, coordinating with other healthcare providers and ensuring that patients receive appropriate follow-up care.

Professional-patient relations are essential to achieving positive health outcomes, improving patient satisfaction, and reducing medical errors and adverse events. Healthcare professionals must maintain ethical and professional standards in their interactions with patients, recognizing the power imbalance in the relationship and striving to promote trust, respect, and collaboration.

Biofeedback is a psychological and physiological intervention that involves the use of electronic devices to measure and provide real-time feedback to individuals about their bodily functions, such as heart rate, muscle tension, skin conductance, and brain activity. The goal of biofeedback is to help individuals gain awareness and control over these functions, with the aim of improving physical and mental health outcomes.

In psychology, biofeedback is often used as a treatment for a variety of conditions, including anxiety, stress, headaches, chronic pain, and mood disorders. By learning to regulate their physiological responses through biofeedback training, individuals can reduce symptoms and improve their overall well-being. The process typically involves working with a trained healthcare provider who guides the individual in practicing various relaxation techniques, such as deep breathing or progressive muscle relaxation, while monitoring their physiological responses using biofeedback equipment. Over time, the individual learns to associate these techniques with positive changes in their body and can use them to manage symptoms on their own.

Gait is a medical term used to describe the pattern of movement of the limbs during walking or running. It includes the manner or style of walking, including factors such as rhythm, speed, and step length. A person's gait can provide important clues about their physical health and neurological function, and abnormalities in gait may indicate the presence of underlying medical conditions, such as neuromuscular disorders, orthopedic problems, or injuries.

A typical human gait cycle involves two main phases: the stance phase, during which the foot is in contact with the ground, and the swing phase, during which the foot is lifted and moved forward in preparation for the next step. The gait cycle can be further broken down into several sub-phases, including heel strike, foot flat, midstance, heel off, and toe off.

Gait analysis is a specialized field of study that involves observing and measuring a person's gait pattern using various techniques, such as video recordings, force plates, and motion capture systems. This information can be used to diagnose and treat gait abnormalities, improve mobility and function, and prevent injuries.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "United States" is a geopolitical entity, specifically the name of the country consisting of 50 states, and it is not a medical term or concept. Therefore, I can't provide a medical definition for it. If you have any questions related to health, medicine, or biology, I would be happy to try to help answer those!

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Personnel Management" and "medical definition" are two separate concepts that don't typically intersect.

Personnel management is a function of management concerned with hiring, training, developing, compensating, and motivating employees, as well as maintaining appropriate records and ensuring legal compliance. It's a crucial aspect of human resource management in any organization, including healthcare institutions.

However, if you're looking for a medical term related to the management of personnel in a healthcare setting, you might consider "Healthcare Human Resources Management" or "Clinical Workforce Management." These terms refer to the specific application of personnel management principles and practices within the context of healthcare organizations.

In the context of medicine, a "role" generally refers to the function or position that an individual holds within a healthcare system or team. This could include roles such as:

* Physician
* Nurse
* Allied health professional (e.g., physical therapist, occupational therapist, speech-language pathologist)
* Social worker
* Administrative staff member

Each role comes with its own set of responsibilities and expectations for how the individual in that role will contribute to the overall care and well-being of patients. Effective communication, collaboration, and coordination among team members in their various roles are essential for providing high-quality patient care.

In medical terms, percussion is a diagnostic procedure in which the edge of a solid object (usually the finger or a small rubber hammer) is used to quickly and sharply strike the surface of the body, producing a sound that can help determine the size, shape, and density of underlying organs and structures. The resulting sound waves travel through the body and are interpreted by the practitioner to make assessments about the condition of the patient's internal organs.

Percussion is often used in conjunction with other diagnostic techniques, such as auscultation (listening to bodily sounds) and palpation (feeling the body for abnormalities), to help form a complete picture of a patient's health. It is commonly used to assess the size and position of the lungs, heart, liver, spleen, and other organs, as well as to identify any fluid or air accumulations in the body.

Percussion is a valuable tool in physical examinations and can help healthcare providers make informed decisions about patient care. However, it requires practice and skill to perform accurately, and should be used in conjunction with other diagnostic techniques for best results.

Muscle stretching exercises are physical movements that aim to gradually lengthen the muscle to its full capacity, beyond its regular resting length, in order to improve flexibility and overall joint mobility. These exercises often involve slowly moving parts of the body into a position that will stretch certain muscles and then maintaining that position for a period of time, typically between 15-30 seconds.

There are various techniques for muscle stretching, including static stretching, dynamic stretching, ballistic stretching, and proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) stretches. Regular practice of these exercises can help enhance athletic performance, reduce the risk of injury, alleviate muscle tension, improve posture, and promote relaxation. However, it's important to perform muscle stretching exercises correctly and consistently, under the guidance of a fitness professional or healthcare provider, to ensure safety and effectiveness.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "philosophy" is not a medical term. It is a branch of study that deals with fundamental questions about existence, knowledge, ethics, and reality. In contrast, medical terms typically refer to concepts within the field of medicine, such as diseases, treatments, or anatomical structures. If you have any questions related to medical terminology or concepts, I would be happy to try and help answer those for you!

Cerebral palsy (CP) is a group of disorders that affect a person's ability to move and maintain balance and posture. According to the Mayo Clinic, CP is caused by abnormal brain development or damage to the developing brain that affects a child's ability to control movement.

The symptoms of cerebral palsy can vary in severity and may include:

* Spasticity (stiff or tight muscles)
* Rigidity (resistance to passive movement)
* Poor coordination and balance
* Weakness or paralysis
* Tremors or involuntary movements
* Abnormal gait or difficulty walking
* Difficulty with fine motor skills, such as writing or using utensils
* Speech and language difficulties
* Vision, hearing, or swallowing problems

It's important to note that cerebral palsy is not a progressive condition, meaning that it does not worsen over time. However, the symptoms may change over time, and some individuals with CP may experience additional medical conditions as they age.

Cerebral palsy is usually caused by brain damage that occurs before or during birth, but it can also be caused by brain injuries that occur in the first few years of life. Some possible causes of cerebral palsy include:

* Infections during pregnancy
* Lack of oxygen to the brain during delivery
* Traumatic head injury during birth
* Brain bleeding or stroke in the newborn period
* Genetic disorders
* Maternal illness or infection during pregnancy

There is no cure for cerebral palsy, but early intervention and treatment can help improve outcomes and quality of life. Treatment may include physical therapy, occupational therapy, speech therapy, medications to manage symptoms, surgery, and assistive devices such as braces or wheelchairs.

Medical Definition of Massage:

Massage is defined as the manual manipulation of soft body tissues (such as muscle, connective tissue, tendons, and ligaments) to enhance health and well-being. It involves various techniques that include kneading, rubbing, pressing, and stretching the muscles and fascia (the connective tissue that covers the muscles).

The goal of massage is to increase circulation, relieve tension, reduce muscle stiffness and pain, promote relaxation, and improve range of motion and overall flexibility. Massage therapy may be used to treat a variety of medical conditions, including anxiety, headaches, insomnia, joint pain, soft tissue injuries, and sports-related injuries.

It is important to note that massage should be performed by a trained and licensed professional to ensure safety and effectiveness. Additionally, individuals with certain health conditions, such as deep vein thrombosis, fractures, or infectious diseases, should avoid massage or consult their healthcare provider before receiving treatment.

Respiratory therapy is a healthcare profession that specializes in the diagnosis, treatment, and management of respiratory disorders and diseases. Respiratory therapists (RTs) work under the direction of physicians to provide care for patients with conditions such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), asthma, cystic fibrosis, sleep apnea, and neuromuscular diseases that affect breathing.

RTs use a variety of techniques and treatments to help patients breathe more easily, including oxygen therapy, aerosol medication delivery, chest physiotherapy, mechanical ventilation, and patient education. They also perform diagnostic tests such as pulmonary function studies to assess lung function and help diagnose respiratory conditions.

RTs work in a variety of healthcare settings, including hospitals, clinics, long-term care facilities, and home health agencies. They may provide care for patients of all ages, from premature infants to the elderly. The overall goal of respiratory therapy is to help patients achieve and maintain optimal lung function and quality of life.

Reproducibility of results in a medical context refers to the ability to obtain consistent and comparable findings when a particular experiment or study is repeated, either by the same researcher or by different researchers, following the same experimental protocol. It is an essential principle in scientific research that helps to ensure the validity and reliability of research findings.

In medical research, reproducibility of results is crucial for establishing the effectiveness and safety of new treatments, interventions, or diagnostic tools. It involves conducting well-designed studies with adequate sample sizes, appropriate statistical analyses, and transparent reporting of methods and findings to allow other researchers to replicate the study and confirm or refute the results.

The lack of reproducibility in medical research has become a significant concern in recent years, as several high-profile studies have failed to produce consistent findings when replicated by other researchers. This has led to increased scrutiny of research practices and a call for greater transparency, rigor, and standardization in the conduct and reporting of medical research.

In the field of medicine, "time factors" refer to the duration of symptoms or time elapsed since the onset of a medical condition, which can have significant implications for diagnosis and treatment. Understanding time factors is crucial in determining the progression of a disease, evaluating the effectiveness of treatments, and making critical decisions regarding patient care.

For example, in stroke management, "time is brain," meaning that rapid intervention within a specific time frame (usually within 4.5 hours) is essential to administering tissue plasminogen activator (tPA), a clot-busting drug that can minimize brain damage and improve patient outcomes. Similarly, in trauma care, the "golden hour" concept emphasizes the importance of providing definitive care within the first 60 minutes after injury to increase survival rates and reduce morbidity.

Time factors also play a role in monitoring the progression of chronic conditions like diabetes or heart disease, where regular follow-ups and assessments help determine appropriate treatment adjustments and prevent complications. In infectious diseases, time factors are crucial for initiating antibiotic therapy and identifying potential outbreaks to control their spread.

Overall, "time factors" encompass the significance of recognizing and acting promptly in various medical scenarios to optimize patient outcomes and provide effective care.

Pain management is a branch of medicine that focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of pain and improvement in the quality of life of patients with chronic pain. The goal of pain management is to reduce pain levels, improve physical functioning, and help patients cope mentally and emotionally with their pain. This may involve the use of medications, interventional procedures, physical therapy, psychological therapy, or a combination of these approaches.

The definition of pain management can vary depending on the medical context, but it generally refers to a multidisciplinary approach that addresses the complex interactions between biological, psychological, and social factors that contribute to the experience of pain. Pain management specialists may include physicians, nurses, physical therapists, psychologists, and other healthcare professionals who work together to provide comprehensive care for patients with chronic pain.

"Institutional practice," in the context of medical care, generally refers to medical services or procedures that are routinely provided as part of standard practices within a healthcare institution, such as a hospital or clinic. These practices are often based on established guidelines, protocols, or best practices that have been developed and adopted by the institution to ensure high-quality patient care and consistent outcomes.

Institutional practice may also refer to medical services or procedures that are provided within the context of a specific institutional setting, such as inpatient care versus outpatient care. Additionally, it can refer to medical practices that are unique to a particular institution, based on its resources, expertise, or patient population.

Overall, institutional practice is an important concept in healthcare, as it reflects the standardization and coordination of medical care within a specific setting, with the goal of improving patient outcomes and ensuring the safe and effective delivery of medical services.

Neck pain is discomfort or soreness in the neck region, which can extend from the base of the skull to the upper part of the shoulder blades, caused by injury, irritation, or inflammation of the muscles, ligaments, or nerves in the cervical spine. The pain may worsen with movement and can be accompanied by stiffness, numbness, tingling, or weakness in the neck, arms, or hands. In some cases, headaches can also occur as a result of neck pain.

Postural balance is the ability to maintain, achieve, or restore a state of equilibrium during any posture or activity. It involves the integration of sensory information (visual, vestibular, and proprioceptive) to control and adjust body position in space, thereby maintaining the center of gravity within the base of support. This is crucial for performing daily activities and preventing falls, especially in older adults and individuals with neurological or orthopedic conditions.

A single-blind method in medical research is a study design where the participants are unaware of the group or intervention they have been assigned to, but the researchers conducting the study know which participant belongs to which group. This is done to prevent bias from the participants' expectations or knowledge of their assignment, while still allowing the researchers to control the study conditions and collect data.

In a single-blind trial, the participants do not know whether they are receiving the active treatment or a placebo (a sham treatment that looks like the real thing but has no therapeutic effect), whereas the researcher knows which participant is receiving which intervention. This design helps to ensure that the participants' responses and outcomes are not influenced by their knowledge of the treatment assignment, while still allowing the researchers to assess the effectiveness or safety of the intervention being studied.

Single-blind methods are commonly used in clinical trials and other medical research studies where it is important to minimize bias and control for confounding variables that could affect the study results.

"Recovery of function" is a term used in medical rehabilitation to describe the process in which an individual regains the ability to perform activities or tasks that were previously difficult or impossible due to injury, illness, or disability. This can involve both physical and cognitive functions. The goal of recovery of function is to help the person return to their prior level of independence and participation in daily activities, work, and social roles as much as possible.

Recovery of function may be achieved through various interventions such as physical therapy, occupational therapy, speech-language therapy, and other rehabilitation strategies. The specific approach used will depend on the individual's needs and the nature of their impairment. Recovery of function can occur spontaneously as the body heals, or it may require targeted interventions to help facilitate the process.

It is important to note that recovery of function does not always mean a full return to pre-injury or pre-illness levels of ability. Instead, it often refers to the person's ability to adapt and compensate for any remaining impairments, allowing them to achieve their maximum level of functional independence and quality of life.

Professional ethics in the medical field are a set of principles that guide physicians and other healthcare professionals in their interactions with patients, colleagues, and society. These ethical standards are based on values such as respect for autonomy, non-maleficence, beneficence, and justice. They help to ensure that medical professionals provide high-quality care that is safe, effective, and respectful of patients' rights and dignity.

Some key principles of professional ethics in medicine include:

1. Respect for autonomy: Healthcare professionals should respect patients' right to make their own decisions about their healthcare, including the right to refuse treatment.
2. Non-maleficence: Medical professionals have a duty to avoid causing harm to their patients. This includes avoiding unnecessary tests or treatments that may cause harm or waste resources.
3. Beneficence: Healthcare professionals have a duty to act in the best interests of their patients and to promote their well-being.
4. Justice: Medical professionals should treat all patients fairly and without discrimination, and should work to ensure that healthcare resources are distributed equitably.
5. Confidentiality: Medical professionals have a duty to keep patient information confidential, unless the patient gives permission to share it or there is a legal or ethical obligation to disclose it.
6. Professional competence: Medical professionals have a duty to maintain their knowledge and skills, and to provide care that meets accepted standards of practice.
7. Honesty and integrity: Medical professionals should be honest and truthful in their interactions with patients, colleagues, and other stakeholders. They should avoid conflicts of interest and should disclose any potential conflicts to patients and others.
8. Responsibility to society: Medical professionals have a responsibility to contribute to the health and well-being of society as a whole, including advocating for policies that promote public health and addressing health disparities.

Myofascial pain syndromes (MPS) are a group of chronic pain disorders characterized by the presence of trigger points in the musculoskeletal system. A trigger point is a hyperirritable spot within a taut band of skeletal muscle, which is often tender to palpation and can cause referred pain, meaning that the pain is felt in a different location than where the trigger point is located.

MPS can affect any muscle in the body, but they are most commonly found in the muscles of the neck, back, shoulders, and hips. The symptoms of MPS may include local or referred pain, stiffness, weakness, and reduced range of motion. The pain is often described as a deep, aching, or throbbing sensation that can be aggravated by physical activity, stress, or anxiety.

The exact cause of MPS is not fully understood, but it is believed to be related to muscle overuse, injury, or chronic tension. Other factors that may contribute to the development of MPS include poor posture, vitamin deficiencies, hormonal imbalances, and emotional stress.

Treatment for MPS typically involves a combination of physical therapy, trigger point release techniques, pain management strategies, and self-care practices such as stretching, relaxation, and stress reduction. In some cases, medication may be prescribed to help manage the pain and reduce muscle spasms.

Quality of Life (QOL) is a broad, multidimensional concept that usually includes an individual's physical health, psychological state, level of independence, social relationships, personal beliefs, and their relationship to salient features of their environment. It reflects the impact of disease and treatment on a patient's overall well-being and ability to function in daily life.

The World Health Organization (WHO) defines QOL as "an individual's perception of their position in life in the context of the culture and value systems in which they live and in relation to their goals, expectations, standards and concerns." It is a subjective concept, meaning it can vary greatly from person to person.

In healthcare, QOL is often used as an outcome measure in clinical trials and other research studies to assess the impact of interventions or treatments on overall patient well-being.

A research design in medical or healthcare research is a systematic plan that guides the execution and reporting of research to address a specific research question or objective. It outlines the overall strategy for collecting, analyzing, and interpreting data to draw valid conclusions. The design includes details about the type of study (e.g., experimental, observational), sampling methods, data collection techniques, data analysis approaches, and any potential sources of bias or confounding that need to be controlled for. A well-defined research design helps ensure that the results are reliable, generalizable, and relevant to the research question, ultimately contributing to evidence-based practice in medicine and healthcare.

Postural drainage is a medical technique that uses gravity to help clear secretions from the airways. It involves positioning the body in various ways to promote the flow of mucus or other fluids from the lungs, sinuses, or middle ear into the upper airway, where they can be more easily cleared by coughing or suctioning. This technique is often used in patients with respiratory conditions such as cystic fibrosis, bronchiectasis, and pneumonia to help improve lung function and reduce the risk of infection. It may also be used in patients with chronic sinusitis or middle ear effusions to promote drainage and relieve symptoms. The specific position used during postural drainage depends on the location of the secretions within the airway and may involve elevating the head, trunk, or legs, or turning the body to one side.

Graduate education typically refers to educational programs beyond the undergraduate level that lead to an advanced degree, such as a master's, doctoral, or professional degree. These programs usually require completion of a Bachelor's degree as a prerequisite and involve more specialized and in-depth study in a particular field. Graduate education may include coursework, research, examinations, and the completion of a thesis or dissertation. The specific requirements for graduate education vary depending on the field of study and the institution offering the degree program.

Professional practice in the context of medicine refers to the responsible and ethical application of medical knowledge, skills, and judgement in providing healthcare services to patients. It involves adhering to established standards, guidelines, and best practices within the medical community, while also considering individual patient needs and preferences. Professional practice requires ongoing learning, self-reflection, and improvement to maintain and enhance one's competence and expertise. Additionally, it encompasses effective communication, collaboration, and respect for colleagues, other healthcare professionals, and patients. Ultimately, professional practice is aimed at promoting the health, well-being, and autonomy of patients while also safeguarding their rights and dignity.

Physical education and training (PE/PT) is not a term typically used in medical terminology, but it generally refers to the process of teaching and learning physical skills, knowledge, and behaviors that contribute to an individual's overall health and well-being. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), physical education can be defined as:

"Education through physical activity that is planned, structured, and purposeful. It aims to develop and maintain physical competence, improve health and fitness, enhance personal and social skills, and promote enjoyment of physical activity."

Physical training, on the other hand, typically refers to a more focused and structured approach to improving physical fitness through exercise and other activities. Physical trainers or coaches may work with individuals or groups to develop specific training programs that target areas such as strength, flexibility, endurance, balance, and agility.

In medical contexts, PE/PT may be used to describe interventions aimed at improving physical function, reducing disability, or promoting overall health in patients with various medical conditions. For example, a physical therapy program might be prescribed for someone recovering from an injury or surgery, while a regular exercise routine might be recommended as part of a treatment plan for managing chronic diseases such as diabetes or heart disease.

A cross-sectional study is a type of observational research design that examines the relationship between variables at one point in time. It provides a snapshot or a "cross-section" of the population at a particular moment, allowing researchers to estimate the prevalence of a disease or condition and identify potential risk factors or associations.

In a cross-sectional study, data is collected from a sample of participants at a single time point, and the variables of interest are measured simultaneously. This design can be used to investigate the association between exposure and outcome, but it cannot establish causality because it does not follow changes over time.

Cross-sectional studies can be conducted using various data collection methods, such as surveys, interviews, or medical examinations. They are often used in epidemiology to estimate the prevalence of a disease or condition in a population and to identify potential risk factors that may contribute to its development. However, because cross-sectional studies only provide a snapshot of the population at one point in time, they cannot account for changes over time or determine whether exposure preceded the outcome.

Therefore, while cross-sectional studies can be useful for generating hypotheses and identifying potential associations between variables, further research using other study designs, such as cohort or case-control studies, is necessary to establish causality and confirm any findings.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "teaching" is a general term that refers to the act of imparting knowledge or skills to others and is not a medical term. However, in the context of medical education, teaching refers to the instruction and training of medical students, residents, fellows, and other healthcare professionals to develop their knowledge, skills, and attitudes necessary for providing high-quality patient care. This can take place in various settings such as classrooms, clinical wards, simulation centers, or online platforms, and can involve a range of teaching methods including lectures, small group discussions, bedside teaching, case-based learning, and hands-on training.

Orthopedics is a branch of medicine that deals with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of disorders of the musculoskeletal system, which includes the bones, joints, muscles, ligaments, tendons, and nerves. The goal of orthopedic care is to help patients maintain or restore their mobility, function, and quality of life through a variety of treatments, including medication, physical therapy, bracing, and surgery. Orthopedic surgeons are medical doctors who have completed additional training in the diagnosis and treatment of musculoskeletal conditions, and they may specialize in specific areas such as sports medicine, spine care, joint replacement, or pediatric orthopedics.

Research, in the context of medicine, is a systematic and rigorous process of collecting, analyzing, and interpreting information in order to increase our understanding, develop new knowledge, or evaluate current practices and interventions. It can involve various methodologies such as observational studies, experiments, surveys, or literature reviews. The goal of medical research is to advance health care by identifying new treatments, improving diagnostic techniques, and developing prevention strategies. Medical research is typically conducted by teams of researchers including clinicians, scientists, and other healthcare professionals. It is subject to ethical guidelines and regulations to ensure that it is conducted responsibly and with the best interests of patients in mind.

Pain is an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage, or described in terms of such damage. It is a complex phenomenon that can result from various stimuli, such as thermal, mechanical, or chemical irritation, and it can be acute or chronic. The perception of pain involves the activation of specialized nerve cells called nociceptors, which transmit signals to the brain via the spinal cord. These signals are then processed in different regions of the brain, leading to the conscious experience of pain. It's important to note that pain is a highly individual and subjective experience, and its perception can vary widely among individuals.

Physical exertion is defined as the act of applying energy to physically demandable activities or tasks, which results in various body systems working together to produce movement and maintain homeostasis. It often leads to an increase in heart rate, respiratory rate, and body temperature, among other physiological responses. The level of physical exertion can vary based on the intensity, duration, and frequency of the activity.

It's important to note that engaging in regular physical exertion has numerous health benefits, such as improving cardiovascular fitness, strengthening muscles and bones, reducing stress, and preventing chronic diseases like obesity, diabetes, and heart disease. However, it is also crucial to balance physical exertion with adequate rest and recovery time to avoid overtraining or injury.

Pulmonary atelectasis is a medical condition characterized by the collapse or closure of the alveoli (tiny air sacs) in the lungs, leading to reduced or absent gas exchange in the affected area. This results in decreased lung volume and can cause hypoxemia (low oxygen levels in the blood). Atelectasis can be caused by various factors such as obstruction of the airways, surfactant deficiency, pneumothorax, or compression from outside the lung. It can also occur after surgical procedures, particularly when the patient is lying in one position for a long time. Symptoms may include shortness of breath, cough, and chest discomfort, but sometimes it may not cause any symptoms, especially if only a small area of the lung is affected. Treatment depends on the underlying cause and may include bronchodilators, chest physiotherapy, or even surgery in severe cases.

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), "disabled persons" are those who have long-term physical, mental, intellectual or sensory impairments which may hinder their participation in society on an equal basis with others. The term "disability" is not meant to be understood as a 'personal tragedy' but rather as a complex interaction between the features of a person's body and mind, the activities they wish to perform and the physical and social barriers they encounter in their environment.

It's important to note that the term 'disabled persons' has been largely replaced by 'people with disabilities' or 'persons with disabilities' in many contexts, as it is considered more respectful and empowering to put the person first, rather than focusing on their disability. The United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) uses the term "persons with disabilities" throughout its text.

A contracture, in a medical context, refers to the abnormal shortening and hardening of muscles, tendons, or other tissue, which can result in limited mobility and deformity of joints. This condition can occur due to various reasons such as injury, prolonged immobilization, scarring, neurological disorders, or genetic conditions.

Contractures can cause significant impairment in daily activities and quality of life, making it difficult for individuals to perform routine tasks like dressing, bathing, or walking. Treatment options may include physical therapy, splinting, casting, medications, surgery, or a combination of these approaches, depending on the severity and underlying cause of the contracture.

Posture is the position or alignment of body parts supported by the muscles, especially the spine and head in relation to the vertebral column. It can be described as static (related to a stationary position) or dynamic (related to movement). Good posture involves training your body to stand, walk, sit, and lie in positions where the least strain is placed on supporting muscles and ligaments during movement or weight-bearing activities. Poor posture can lead to various health issues such as back pain, neck pain, headaches, and respiratory problems.

Electric stimulation therapy, also known as neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) or electromyostimulation, is a therapeutic treatment that uses electrical impulses to stimulate muscles and nerves. The electrical signals are delivered through electrodes placed on the skin near the target muscle group or nerve.

The therapy can be used for various purposes, including:

1. Pain management: Electric stimulation can help reduce pain by stimulating the release of endorphins, which are natural painkillers produced by the body. It can also help block the transmission of pain signals to the brain.
2. Muscle rehabilitation: NMES can be used to prevent muscle atrophy and maintain muscle tone in individuals who are unable to move their muscles due to injury or illness, such as spinal cord injuries or stroke.
3. Improving circulation: Electric stimulation can help improve blood flow and reduce swelling by contracting the muscles and promoting the movement of fluids in the body.
4. Wound healing: NMES can be used to promote wound healing by increasing blood flow, reducing swelling, and improving muscle function around the wound site.
5. Muscle strengthening: Electric stimulation can be used to strengthen muscles by causing them to contract and relax repeatedly, which can help improve muscle strength and endurance.

It is important to note that electric stimulation therapy should only be administered under the guidance of a trained healthcare professional, as improper use can cause harm or discomfort.

'Hospital bed capacity, 100 to 299' is a range referring to the number of hospital beds available for patient care within a healthcare facility. In this context, the capacity falls between one hundred and two hundred ninety-nine beds. This capacity can vary based on several factors, including the size of the hospital, the services offered, and the needs of the population it serves. It is essential to monitor hospital bed capacity to ensure adequate resources are available to manage patient care during normal operations and in times of crisis or surge, such as a natural disaster or pandemic.

Hydrotherapy is a type of physical therapy that involves the use of water for pain relief and treatment. The temperature and pressure of the water can be adjusted to help reduce inflammation, improve circulation, and promote relaxation. Common hydrotherapy techniques include whirlpool baths, hot and cold compresses, and underwater massage. Hydrotherapy is often used to treat a variety of conditions, including arthritis, fibromyalgia, and musculoskeletal injuries. It can also be helpful for rehabilitation after surgery or stroke.

Here are some specific ways that hydrotherapy may be beneficial:

* The buoyancy of water can help support weak muscles and reduce the impact on joints, making it easier to exercise and move around.
* The warmth of the water can help relax muscles and improve circulation, which can help reduce pain and stiffness.
* The hydrostatic pressure of water can help reduce swelling in the limbs by encouraging fluid to flow back into the veins.
* The resistance provided by water can help strengthen muscles and improve balance and coordination.

It's important to note that while hydrotherapy can be a helpful treatment option for many people, it may not be appropriate for everyone. If you have any health concerns or medical conditions, it's important to talk to your doctor before starting a new treatment regimen. They can help determine whether hydrotherapy is safe and suitable for you.

Prospective studies, also known as longitudinal studies, are a type of cohort study in which data is collected forward in time, following a group of individuals who share a common characteristic or exposure over a period of time. The researchers clearly define the study population and exposure of interest at the beginning of the study and follow up with the participants to determine the outcomes that develop over time. This type of study design allows for the investigation of causal relationships between exposures and outcomes, as well as the identification of risk factors and the estimation of disease incidence rates. Prospective studies are particularly useful in epidemiology and medical research when studying diseases with long latency periods or rare outcomes.

Shortwave therapy (SWT), also known as shortwave diathermy, is a form of electromagnetic radiation therapy in the frequency range of 245 MHz to 1000 MHz. It is used in physical therapy and pain management to produce heat in body tissues, increasing local blood flow, decreasing pain, and promoting healing. The energy is absorbed by body tissues, causing molecular vibrations that result in the production of heat. This modality is often used for conditions such as muscle and joint injuries, bursitis, tendonitis, and other inflammatory conditions. It should be administered under the supervision of a trained healthcare professional due to the potential for adverse effects if not properly applied.

The "attitude of health personnel" refers to the overall disposition, behavior, and approach that healthcare professionals exhibit towards their patients or clients. This encompasses various aspects such as:

1. Interpersonal skills: The ability to communicate effectively, listen actively, and build rapport with patients.
2. Professionalism: Adherence to ethical principles, confidentiality, and maintaining a non-judgmental attitude.
3. Compassion and empathy: Showing genuine concern for the patient's well-being and understanding their feelings and experiences.
4. Cultural sensitivity: Respecting and acknowledging the cultural backgrounds, beliefs, and values of patients.
5. Competence: Demonstrating knowledge, skills, and expertise in providing healthcare services.
6. Collaboration: Working together with other healthcare professionals to ensure comprehensive care for the patient.
7. Patient-centeredness: Focusing on the individual needs, preferences, and goals of the patient in the decision-making process.
8. Commitment to continuous learning and improvement: Staying updated with the latest developments in the field and seeking opportunities to enhance one's skills and knowledge.

A positive attitude of health personnel contributes significantly to patient satisfaction, adherence to treatment plans, and overall healthcare outcomes.

**Referral:**
A referral in the medical context is the process where a healthcare professional (such as a general practitioner or primary care physician) sends or refers a patient to another healthcare professional who has specialized knowledge and skills to address the patient's specific health condition or concern. This could be a specialist, a consultant, or a facility that provides specialized care. The referral may involve transferring the patient's care entirely to the other professional or may simply be for a consultation and advice.

**Consultation:**
A consultation in healthcare is a process where a healthcare professional seeks the opinion or advice of another professional regarding a patient's medical condition. This can be done in various ways, such as face-to-face meetings, phone calls, or written correspondence. The consulting professional provides their expert opinion to assist in the diagnosis, treatment plan, or management of the patient's condition. The ultimate decision and responsibility for the patient's care typically remain with the referring or primary healthcare provider.

A splint is a device used to support, protect, and immobilize injured body parts, such as bones, joints, or muscles. It can be made from various materials like plastic, metal, or fiberglass. Splints are often used to keep the injured area in a stable position, reducing pain, swelling, and further damage while the injury heals. They come in different shapes and sizes, tailored to fit specific body parts and injuries. A splint can be adjustable or custom-made, depending on the patient's needs. It is essential to follow healthcare professionals' instructions for using and caring for a splint to ensure proper healing and prevent complications.

Shoulder Impingement Syndrome is a common cause of shoulder pain, characterized by pinching or compression of the rotator cuff tendons and/or bursa between the humeral head and the acromion process of the scapula. This often results from abnormal contact between these structures due to various factors such as:

1. Bony abnormalities (e.g., bone spurs)
2. Tendon inflammation or thickening
3. Poor biomechanics during shoulder movements
4. Muscle imbalances and weakness, particularly in the rotator cuff and scapular stabilizers
5. Aging and degenerative changes

The syndrome is typically classified into two types: primary (or structural) impingement, which involves bony abnormalities; and secondary impingement, which is related to functional or muscular imbalances. Symptoms often include pain, especially during overhead activities, weakness, and limited range of motion in the shoulder. Diagnosis typically involves a combination of physical examination, patient history, and imaging studies such as X-rays or MRI scans. Treatment may involve activity modification, physical therapy, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), corticosteroid injections, and, in some cases, surgical intervention.

Medical science often defines and describes "walking" as a form of locomotion or mobility where an individual repeatedly lifts and sets down each foot to move forward, usually bearing weight on both legs. It is a complex motor activity that requires the integration and coordination of various systems in the human body, including the musculoskeletal, neurological, and cardiovascular systems.

Walking involves several components such as balance, coordination, strength, and endurance. The ability to walk independently is often used as a measure of functional mobility and overall health status. However, it's important to note that the specific definition of walking may vary depending on the context and the medical or scientific field in question.

Mobility limitation refers to the partial or complete inability to move or perform functional mobility tasks independently and safely. This condition can affect any part of the body, such as limited joint range of motion, muscle weakness, or neurological impairments, making it difficult for a person to perform activities like walking, standing, transferring, balancing, and reaching. Mobility limitations can be temporary or permanent and vary in severity, significantly impacting a person's quality of life, independence, and overall health.

Ultrasonic therapy, also known as therapeutic ultrasound, is a treatment method used in physical therapy and rehabilitation that utilizes sound waves with frequencies higher than the upper limit of human hearing. In most cases, the frequency ranges from 800,000 to 2,000,000 Hz (cycles per second).

During ultrasonic therapy, a small device called a transducer is placed in direct contact with the patient's skin. The transducer emits ultrasonic waves that are primarily absorbed by soft tissues directly beneath the skin's surface, including muscles, tendons, and ligaments. These sound waves cause microscopic vibrations in the tissue molecules, which can produce various therapeutic effects:

1. Deep heating: The vibration of tissue molecules generates heat within the treated area, increasing local blood flow, reducing muscle tension, and promoting healing. This effect is particularly beneficial for treating chronic pain, muscle spasms, joint stiffness, and soft tissue injuries.
2. Cavitation: High-intensity ultrasonic waves can create tiny gas bubbles in the fluid surrounding the tissue cells. When these bubbles collapse (a process called cavitation), they generate intense localized pressure that may help break down scar tissue, reduce adhesions, and improve tissue mobility.
3. Non-thermal effects: Low-intensity ultrasonic waves can stimulate cellular processes without causing significant heating. These non-thermal effects include enhanced metabolism, increased collagen production, and improved nutrient exchange in the treated tissues, which may contribute to faster healing and tissue regeneration.

Ultrasonic therapy is generally considered safe when performed by a trained healthcare professional. However, it should be avoided in certain situations, such as over areas with malignant tumors, infected tissues, or near metal implants (due to the risk of heating). Pregnant women should also avoid therapeutic ultrasound, especially during the first trimester, due to potential risks to fetal development.

Bibliometrics is the use of statistical methods to analyze books, articles, and other publications. In the field of information science, bibliometrics is often used to measure the impact of scholarly works or authors by counting the number of times that a work has been cited in other publications. This can help researchers identify trends and patterns in research output and collaboration, as well as assess the influence of individual researchers or institutions.

Bibliometric analyses may involve a variety of statistical measures, such as citation counts, author productivity, journal impact factors, and collaborative networks. These measures can be used to evaluate the performance of individual researchers, departments, or institutions, as well as to identify areas of research strength or weakness.

It is important to note that while bibliometrics can provide useful insights into research trends and impact, they should not be the sole basis for evaluating the quality or significance of scholarly work. Other factors, such as the rigor of the research design, the clarity of the writing, and the relevance of the findings to the field, are also important considerations.

In anatomical terms, the shoulder refers to the complex joint of the human body that connects the upper limb to the trunk. It is formed by the union of three bones: the clavicle (collarbone), scapula (shoulder blade), and humerus (upper arm bone). The shoulder joint is a ball-and-socket type of synovial joint, allowing for a wide range of movements such as flexion, extension, abduction, adduction, internal rotation, and external rotation.

The shoulder complex includes not only the glenohumeral joint but also other structures that contribute to its movement and stability, including:

1. The acromioclavicular (AC) joint: where the clavicle meets the acromion process of the scapula.
2. The coracoclavicular (CC) ligament: connects the coracoid process of the scapula to the clavicle, providing additional stability to the AC joint.
3. The rotator cuff: a group of four muscles (supraspinatus, infraspinatus, teres minor, and subscapularis) that surround and reinforce the shoulder joint, contributing to its stability and range of motion.
4. The biceps tendon: originates from the supraglenoid tubercle of the scapula and passes through the shoulder joint, helping with flexion, supination, and stability.
5. Various ligaments and capsular structures that provide additional support and limit excessive movement in the shoulder joint.

The shoulder is a remarkable joint due to its wide range of motion, but this also makes it susceptible to injuries and disorders such as dislocations, subluxations, sprains, strains, tendinitis, bursitis, and degenerative conditions like osteoarthritis. Proper care, exercise, and maintenance are essential for maintaining shoulder health and function throughout one's life.

Professional competence, in the context of medicine, refers to the possession of the necessary skills, knowledge, and behaviors required for the provision of high-quality healthcare services. It involves the ability to apply medical knowledge and clinical skills effectively in practice, make informed and evidence-based decisions, communicate clearly and effectively with patients and colleagues, demonstrate professionalism and ethical behavior, and engage in continuous learning and improvement.

Professional competence is evaluated through various means, including assessments of clinical skills, knowledge tests, patient feedback, and peer reviews. It is an ongoing process that requires healthcare professionals to continually update their knowledge and skills, adapt to changes in medical practice, and strive for excellence in patient care. Maintaining professional competence is essential for ensuring the safety and quality of healthcare services and is a key component of medical regulation and licensure.

"Exercise movement techniques" is a general term that refers to the specific ways in which various exercises are performed. These techniques encompass the proper form, alignment, and range of motion for each exercise, as well as any breathing patterns or other instructions that may be necessary to ensure safe and effective execution.

The purpose of learning and practicing exercise movement techniques is to maximize the benefits of physical activity while minimizing the risk of injury. Proper technique can help to ensure that the intended muscles are being targeted and strengthened, while also reducing strain on surrounding joints and connective tissues.

Examples of exercise movement techniques may include:

* The correct way to perform a squat, lunge, or deadlift, with attention to foot placement, knee alignment, and spinal positioning.
* The proper form for a push-up or pull-up, including how to engage the core muscles and maintain stability throughout the movement.
* Breathing techniques for yoga or Pilates exercises, such as inhaling on the expansion phase of a movement and exhaling on the contraction phase.
* Techniques for proper alignment and posture during cardiovascular activities like running or cycling, to reduce strain on the joints and prevent injury.

Overall, exercise movement techniques are an essential component of any safe and effective fitness program, and should be learned and practiced under the guidance of a qualified instructor or trainer.

Breathing exercises are a series of deliberate breathing techniques that aim to improve respiratory function, reduce stress and anxiety, and promote relaxation. These exercises can involve various methods such as deep, slow, or rhythmic breathing, often combined with other practices like pursed-lips breathing, diaphragmatic breathing, or alternate nostril breathing. By focusing on the breath and controlling its pace and depth, individuals can experience numerous health benefits, including improved lung capacity, reduced heart rate, increased oxygenation of the blood, and a greater sense of calm and well-being. Breathing exercises are often used as a complementary therapy in various medical and holistic practices, such as yoga, meditation, and stress management programs.

In the context of medical education, a curriculum refers to the planned and organized sequence of experiences and learning opportunities designed to achieve specific educational goals and objectives. It outlines the knowledge, skills, and attitudes that medical students or trainees are expected to acquire during their training program. The curriculum may include various components such as lectures, small group discussions, clinical rotations, simulations, and other experiential learning activities. It is typically developed and implemented by medical education experts and faculty members in consultation with stakeholders, including learners, practitioners, and patients.

In medical terms, "private practice" refers to the provision of healthcare services by a licensed and trained medical professional (such as a doctor, nurse practitioner, or dentist) who operates independently and is not employed by a hospital, clinic, or other health care institution. In private practice, these professionals offer their medical expertise and treatments directly to patients on a fee-for-service basis or through insurance billing. They are responsible for managing their own schedules, appointments, staff, and finances while maintaining compliance with relevant laws, regulations, and professional standards.

Private practices can vary in size and structure, ranging from solo practitioners working alone to larger group practices with multiple healthcare providers sharing resources and expertise. The primary advantage of private practice is the autonomy it provides for medical professionals to make decisions regarding patient care, treatment options, and business management without interference from external entities.

Traction, in medical terms, refers to the application of a pulling force to distract or align parts of the body, particularly bones, joints, or muscles, with the aim of immobilizing, reducing displacement, or realigning them. This is often achieved through the use of various devices such as tongs, pulleys, weights, or specialized traction tables. Traction may be applied manually or mechanically and can be continuous or intermittent, depending on the specific medical condition being treated. Common indications for traction include fractures, dislocations, spinal cord injuries, and certain neurological conditions.

Clinical competence is the ability of a healthcare professional to provide safe and effective patient care, demonstrating the knowledge, skills, and attitudes required for the job. It involves the integration of theoretical knowledge with practical skills, judgment, and decision-making abilities in real-world clinical situations. Clinical competence is typically evaluated through various methods such as direct observation, case studies, simulations, and feedback from peers and supervisors.

A clinically competent healthcare professional should be able to:

1. Demonstrate a solid understanding of the relevant medical knowledge and its application in clinical practice.
2. Perform essential clinical skills proficiently and safely.
3. Communicate effectively with patients, families, and other healthcare professionals.
4. Make informed decisions based on critical thinking and problem-solving abilities.
5. Exhibit professionalism, ethical behavior, and cultural sensitivity in patient care.
6. Continuously evaluate and improve their performance through self-reflection and ongoing learning.

Maintaining clinical competence is essential for healthcare professionals to ensure the best possible outcomes for their patients and stay current with advances in medical science and technology.

Joint diseases is a broad term that refers to various conditions affecting the joints, including but not limited to:

1. Osteoarthritis (OA): A degenerative joint disease characterized by the breakdown of cartilage and underlying bone, leading to pain, stiffness, and potential loss of function.
2. Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA): An autoimmune disorder causing inflammation in the synovial membrane lining the joints, resulting in swelling, pain, and joint damage if left untreated.
3. Infectious Arthritis: Joint inflammation caused by bacterial, viral, or fungal infections that spread through the bloodstream or directly enter the joint space.
4. Gout: A type of arthritis resulting from the buildup of uric acid crystals in the joints, typically affecting the big toe and characterized by sudden attacks of severe pain, redness, and swelling.
5. Psoriatic Arthritis (PsA): An inflammatory joint disease associated with psoriasis, causing symptoms such as pain, stiffness, and swelling in the joints and surrounding tissues.
6. Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA): A group of chronic arthritis conditions affecting children, characterized by joint inflammation, pain, and stiffness.
7. Ankylosing Spondylitis: A form of arthritis primarily affecting the spine, causing inflammation, pain, and potential fusion of spinal vertebrae.
8. Bursitis: Inflammation of the fluid-filled sacs (bursae) that cushion joints, leading to pain and swelling.
9. Tendinitis: Inflammation or degeneration of tendons, which connect muscles to bones, often resulting in pain and stiffness near joints.

These conditions can impact the function and mobility of affected joints, causing discomfort and limiting daily activities. Proper diagnosis and treatment are essential for managing joint diseases and preserving joint health.

Clinical ethics refers to the branch of applied ethics that deals with ethical issues in clinical settings, such as hospitals and other healthcare facilities. It involves the application of moral principles and values to decision-making in clinical practice, with the aim of promoting patient autonomy, beneficence, non-maleficence, and justice.

Clinical ethics often involves addressing complex ethical dilemmas that arise in the context of patient care, such as end-of-life decisions, informed consent, confidentiality, resource allocation, and research involving human subjects. Clinical ethicists may work as part of an institutional ethics committee or provide consultation services to healthcare providers, patients, and families facing ethical challenges.

The principles of clinical ethics are grounded in respect for patient autonomy, which includes the right to make informed decisions about their own care. Beneficence refers to the obligation to act in the best interests of the patient, while non-maleficence involves avoiding harm to the patient. Justice requires fair and equitable distribution of healthcare resources and respect for the rights and dignity of all patients.

Effective clinical ethics decision-making also involves careful consideration of contextual factors, such as cultural differences, religious beliefs, and social values, that may influence ethical judgments in particular cases. Clinical ethicists use a variety of methods to analyze ethical issues, including case consultation, ethical analysis frameworks, and moral deliberation processes that involve all stakeholders in the decision-making process.

"Walker" is not a medical term per se, but it is often used in the medical field to refer to a mobility aid that helps individuals who have difficulty walking independently. Walkers are typically made of lightweight metal and have four legs that provide stability and support. Some walkers come with wheels or glides on the front legs to make it easier for users to move around. They may also include brakes, seats, and baskets for added functionality.

Walkers can be beneficial for people who have mobility limitations due to various medical conditions such as arthritis, stroke, fractures, neurological disorders, or aging-related issues. Using a walker can help reduce the risk of falls, improve balance, increase independence, and enhance overall quality of life.

It is essential to consult with a healthcare professional before using a walker to ensure proper fit, adjustment, and usage techniques for maximum safety and effectiveness.

Follow-up studies are a type of longitudinal research that involve repeated observations or measurements of the same variables over a period of time, in order to understand their long-term effects or outcomes. In medical context, follow-up studies are often used to evaluate the safety and efficacy of medical treatments, interventions, or procedures.

In a typical follow-up study, a group of individuals (called a cohort) who have received a particular treatment or intervention are identified and then followed over time through periodic assessments or data collection. The data collected may include information on clinical outcomes, adverse events, changes in symptoms or functional status, and other relevant measures.

The results of follow-up studies can provide important insights into the long-term benefits and risks of medical interventions, as well as help to identify factors that may influence treatment effectiveness or patient outcomes. However, it is important to note that follow-up studies can be subject to various biases and limitations, such as loss to follow-up, recall bias, and changes in clinical practice over time, which must be carefully considered when interpreting the results.

Back pain is a common symptom characterized by discomfort or soreness in the back, often occurring in the lower region of the back (lumbago). It can range from a mild ache to a sharp stabbing or shooting pain, and it may be accompanied by stiffness, restricted mobility, and difficulty performing daily activities. Back pain is typically caused by strain or sprain to the muscles, ligaments, or spinal joints, but it can also result from degenerative conditions, disc herniation, spinal stenosis, osteoarthritis, or other medical issues affecting the spine. The severity and duration of back pain can vary widely, with some cases resolving on their own within a few days or weeks, while others may require medical treatment and rehabilitation.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Schools, Health Occupations" is not a medical term or concept. It may refer to educational programs or institutions that focus on training individuals for various health care occupations, such as nursing, dental hygiene, or medical assisting. However, it does not have a specific medical definition. If you have any questions related to medical terminology or concepts, I'd be happy to help!

Motor skills are defined as the abilities required to plan, control and execute physical movements. They involve a complex interplay between the brain, nerves, muscles, and the environment. Motor skills can be broadly categorized into two types: fine motor skills, which involve small, precise movements (such as writing or picking up small objects), and gross motor skills, which involve larger movements using the arms, legs, and torso (such as crawling, walking, or running).

Motor skills development is an essential aspect of child growth and development, and it continues to evolve throughout adulthood. Difficulties with motor skills can impact a person's ability to perform daily activities and can be associated with various neurological and musculoskeletal conditions.

Shoulder pain is a condition characterized by discomfort or hurt in the shoulder joint, muscles, tendons, ligaments, or surrounding structures. The shoulder is one of the most mobile joints in the body, and this mobility makes it prone to injury and pain. Shoulder pain can result from various causes, including overuse, trauma, degenerative conditions, or referred pain from other areas of the body.

The shoulder joint is a ball-and-socket joint made up of three bones: the humerus (upper arm bone), scapula (shoulder blade), and clavicle (collarbone). The rotator cuff, a group of four muscles that surround and stabilize the shoulder joint, can also be a source of pain if it becomes inflamed or torn.

Shoulder pain can range from mild to severe, and it may be accompanied by stiffness, swelling, bruising, weakness, numbness, tingling, or reduced mobility in the affected arm. The pain may worsen with movement, lifting objects, or performing certain activities, such as reaching overhead or behind the back.

Medical evaluation is necessary to determine the underlying cause of shoulder pain and develop an appropriate treatment plan. Treatment options may include rest, physical therapy, medication, injections, or surgery, depending on the severity and nature of the condition.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "publishing" is not a term that has a medical definition. Publishing typically refers to the process of preparing and disseminating information, such as books, journals, or articles, to the public or a specific audience. It could involve both print and digital media. If you have any questions related to medicine or healthcare, I'd be happy to try to help answer those!

Health status is a term used to describe the overall condition of an individual's health, including physical, mental, and social well-being. It is often assessed through various measures such as medical history, physical examination, laboratory tests, and self-reported health assessments. Health status can be used to identify health disparities, track changes in population health over time, and evaluate the effectiveness of healthcare interventions.

I believe there may be a misunderstanding in your question. "Societies" is a broad term that generally refers to organized groups of individuals who share common interests, goals, or characteristics. It does not have a specific medical definition. However, if you're referring to "society" in the context of social determinants of health, it relates to the conditions in which people are born, grow, live, work, and age, including the systems put in place to deal with illness. These factors can greatly influence health outcomes. If you could provide more context or clarify your question, I would be happy to help further.

Physical endurance is the ability of an individual to withstand and resist physical fatigue over prolonged periods of strenuous activity, exercise, or exertion. It involves the efficient functioning of various body systems, including the cardiovascular system (heart, blood vessels, and blood), respiratory system (lungs and airways), and musculoskeletal system (muscles, bones, tendons, ligaments, and cartilage).

Physical endurance is often measured in terms of aerobic capacity or stamina, which refers to the body's ability to supply oxygen to muscles during sustained physical activity. It can be improved through regular exercise, such as running, swimming, cycling, or weightlifting, that challenges the body's major muscle groups and raises the heart rate for extended periods.

Factors that influence physical endurance include genetics, age, sex, fitness level, nutrition, hydration, sleep quality, stress management, and overall health status. It is essential to maintain good physical endurance to perform daily activities efficiently, reduce the risk of chronic diseases, and enhance overall well-being.

Regression analysis is a statistical technique used in medicine, as well as in other fields, to examine the relationship between one or more independent variables (predictors) and a dependent variable (outcome). It allows for the estimation of the average change in the outcome variable associated with a one-unit change in an independent variable, while controlling for the effects of other independent variables. This technique is often used to identify risk factors for diseases or to evaluate the effectiveness of medical interventions. In medical research, regression analysis can be used to adjust for potential confounding variables and to quantify the relationship between exposures and health outcomes. It can also be used in predictive modeling to estimate the probability of a particular outcome based on multiple predictors.

Muscle strength, in a medical context, refers to the amount of force a muscle or group of muscles can produce during contraction. It is the maximum amount of force that a muscle can generate through its full range of motion and is often measured in units of force such as pounds or newtons. Muscle strength is an important component of physical function and mobility, and it can be assessed through various tests, including manual muscle testing, dynamometry, and isokinetic testing. Factors that can affect muscle strength include age, sex, body composition, injury, disease, and physical activity level.

A Severity of Illness Index is a measurement tool used in healthcare to assess the severity of a patient's condition and the risk of mortality or other adverse outcomes. These indices typically take into account various physiological and clinical variables, such as vital signs, laboratory values, and co-morbidities, to generate a score that reflects the patient's overall illness severity.

Examples of Severity of Illness Indices include the Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE) system, the Simplified Acute Physiology Score (SAPS), and the Mortality Probability Model (MPM). These indices are often used in critical care settings to guide clinical decision-making, inform prognosis, and compare outcomes across different patient populations.

It is important to note that while these indices can provide valuable information about a patient's condition, they should not be used as the sole basis for clinical decision-making. Rather, they should be considered in conjunction with other factors, such as the patient's overall clinical presentation, treatment preferences, and goals of care.

A "periodical" in the context of medicine typically refers to a type of publication that is issued regularly, such as on a monthly or quarterly basis. These publications include peer-reviewed journals, magazines, and newsletters that focus on medical research, education, and practice. They may contain original research articles, review articles, case reports, editorials, letters to the editor, and other types of content related to medical science and clinical practice.

As a "Topic," periodicals in medicine encompass various aspects such as their role in disseminating new knowledge, their impact on clinical decision-making, their quality control measures, and their ethical considerations. Medical periodicals serve as a crucial resource for healthcare professionals, researchers, students, and other stakeholders to stay updated on the latest developments in their field and to share their findings with others.

Hemiplegia is a medical term that refers to paralysis affecting one side of the body. It is typically caused by damage to the motor center of the brain, such as from a stroke, head injury, or brain tumor. The symptoms can vary in severity but often include muscle weakness, stiffness, and difficulty with coordination and balance on the affected side. In severe cases, the individual may be unable to move or feel anything on that side of the body. Hemiplegia can also affect speech, vision, and other functions controlled by the damaged area of the brain. Rehabilitation therapy is often recommended to help individuals with hemiplegia regain as much function as possible.

Workers' compensation is a form of insurance that provides medical benefits, wage replacement, and rehabilitation expenses to employees who are injured or become ill as a direct result of their job. It is designed to compensate the employee for lost wages and cover medical expenses due to work-related injuries or illnesses, while also protecting employers from potential lawsuits. Workers' compensation laws vary by state but generally require employers to carry this insurance and provide coverage for eligible employees. The program is typically funded through employer premiums and is administered by individual states.

Torticollis, also known as wry neck, is a condition where the neck muscles contract and cause the head to turn to one side. There are different types of torticollis including congenital (present at birth), acquired (develops after birth), and spasmodic (neurological).

Congenital torticollis can be caused by a tight or shortened sternocleidomastoid muscle in the neck, which can occur due to positioning in the womb or abnormal blood vessels in the muscle. Acquired torticollis can result from injury, infection, or tumors in the neck. Spasmodic torticollis is a neurological disorder that causes involuntary contractions of the neck muscles and can be caused by a variety of factors including genetics, environmental toxins, or head trauma.

Symptoms of torticollis may include difficulty turning the head, tilting the chin upwards or downwards, pain or discomfort in the neck, and a limited range of motion. Treatment for torticollis depends on the underlying cause and can include physical therapy, stretching exercises, medication, or surgery.

Practice management, in the context of healthcare, refers to the activities and processes involved in running a medical practice efficiently and effectively. It encompasses various administrative, financial, and clinical functions that are necessary for providing high-quality patient care while ensuring the practice's financial sustainability.

The following are some of the key components of practice management:

1. Financial Management: This includes revenue cycle management, which involves billing and coding, claims processing, and collections. It also includes budgeting, financial planning, and managing expenses to ensure the practice's financial health.
2. Human Resources Management: This involves hiring, training, and managing staff, including physicians, nurses, medical assistants, and administrative personnel. It also includes developing policies and procedures for employee conduct, performance management, and benefits administration.
3. Operations Management: This includes scheduling appointments, managing patient flow, maintaining medical records, and ensuring compliance with regulatory requirements. It also involves managing the practice's facilities, equipment, and supplies.
4. Clinical Operations Management: This involves overseeing the delivery of clinical services, including developing clinical protocols, coordinating care across providers, and ensuring that patients receive high-quality care. It may also involve quality improvement initiatives, such as analyzing patient outcomes and implementing changes to improve care.
5. Marketing and Business Development: This includes promoting the practice to potential patients, building relationships with referring physicians, and developing partnerships with other healthcare organizations. It may also involve exploring new service lines or expanding the practice's geographic reach.

Effective practice management is critical for ensuring that medical practices operate smoothly, provide high-quality care, and remain financially viable in a rapidly changing healthcare environment.

Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) is a statistical technique used to compare the means of two or more groups and determine whether there are any significant differences between them. It is a way to analyze the variance in a dataset to determine whether the variability between groups is greater than the variability within groups, which can indicate that the groups are significantly different from one another.

ANOVA is based on the concept of partitioning the total variance in a dataset into two components: variance due to differences between group means (also known as "between-group variance") and variance due to differences within each group (also known as "within-group variance"). By comparing these two sources of variance, ANOVA can help researchers determine whether any observed differences between groups are statistically significant, or whether they could have occurred by chance.

ANOVA is a widely used technique in many areas of research, including biology, psychology, engineering, and business. It is often used to compare the means of two or more experimental groups, such as a treatment group and a control group, to determine whether the treatment had a significant effect. ANOVA can also be used to compare the means of different populations or subgroups within a population, to identify any differences that may exist between them.

Evidence-Based Practice (EBP) is a medical approach that integrates the best available research evidence with clinical expertise and patient values and preferences to make informed decisions about appropriate health care for individual patients. It is a process of lifelong learning and critical appraisal of new evidence to inform clinical practice. The goal of EBP is to provide high-quality, cost-effective healthcare that is based on the most current and valid scientific research, as well as the unique needs and preferences of each patient. This approach emphasizes the importance of using rigorous, systematic methods to evaluate medical research and to translate findings into clinical practice, while also taking into account individual patient circumstances and values.

Continuous Passive Motion (CPM) therapy is a type of motion therapy that is often used in physical rehabilitation following surgery or injury. In CPM therapy, the affected body part is moved continuously through a range of motion without any active participation from the patient. This is typically accomplished with the use of a motorized device that gently and slowly moves the limb.

The goal of CPM therapy is to help prevent stiffness, reduce pain, improve circulation, and promote healing in the affected area. It is often used following joint replacement surgery, such as knee or hip replacements, as well as after injuries that limit mobility and range of motion. By providing continuous, passive movement to the affected limb, CPM therapy can help prevent the formation of scar tissue and adhesions, which can restrict movement and cause pain.

CPM therapy is usually prescribed by a healthcare provider and administered under the supervision of a physical therapist or other rehabilitation specialist. The range of motion and speed of the movement are carefully controlled to ensure safety and effectiveness. While CPM therapy can be an important part of the recovery process, it is typically used in conjunction with other rehabilitation techniques, such as exercises and manual therapy, to achieve optimal outcomes.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "pilot projects" is not a medical term per se. Instead, it is a general term used in various fields, including healthcare and medicine, to describe a small-scale initiative that is implemented on a temporary basis to evaluate its feasibility, effectiveness, or impact before deciding whether to expand or continue it.

In the context of healthcare, pilot projects might involve testing new treatment protocols, implementing innovative care models, or introducing technology solutions in a limited setting to assess their potential benefits and drawbacks. The results of these projects can help inform decisions about broader implementation and provide valuable insights for improving the quality and efficiency of healthcare services.

Patient education, as defined by the US National Library of Medicine's Medical Subject Headings (MeSH), is "the teaching or training of patients concerning their own health needs. It includes the patient's understanding of his or her condition and the necessary procedures for self, assisted, or professional care." This encompasses a wide range of activities and interventions aimed at helping patients and their families understand their medical conditions, treatment options, self-care skills, and overall health management. Effective patient education can lead to improved health outcomes, increased patient satisfaction, and better use of healthcare resources.

Tendinopathy is a general term referring to the degeneration or dysrepair of a tendon, which can result in pain and impaired function. It was previously referred to as tendinitis or tendinosis, but tendinopathy is now preferred because it describes various pathological conditions within the tendon, rather than a specific diagnosis.

Tendinopathy often develops due to overuse, repetitive strain, or age-related wear and tear. The condition typically involves collagen breakdown in the tendon, along with an increase in disorganized tenocytes (tendon cells) and vascular changes. This process can lead to thickening of the tendon, loss of elasticity, and the formation of calcium deposits or nodules.

Commonly affected tendons include the Achilles tendon, patellar tendon, rotator cuff tendons in the shoulder, and the extensor carpi radialis brevis tendon in the elbow (also known as tennis elbow). Treatment for tendinopathy often includes rest, physical therapy, exercise, pain management, and occasionally, surgical intervention.

A bibliography, when used as a medical topic, typically refers to a list of sources or references that have been cited in a research paper, article, or other scholarly work. It is an organized compilation of the titles, authors, publication dates, and other relevant information about the sources that have been consulted during the course of researching a particular topic.

In medical literature, a bibliography may include sources such as:

* Original research articles published in peer-reviewed journals
* Review articles summarizing current knowledge on a specific topic
* Books or book chapters written by experts in the field
* Conference proceedings or abstracts
* Government reports or guidelines
* Dissertations or theses

The purpose of a bibliography is to provide readers with a comprehensive list of sources that have been used in the research, allowing them to follow up on any references that may be of interest. It also helps to ensure transparency and accountability by providing evidence of the sources that have informed the work.

In addition to being included at the end of scholarly works, bibliographies can also be standalone resources that provide an overview of the current state of knowledge on a particular topic. These may be compiled by experts in the field or created through systematic reviews of the literature.

Orthotic devices are custom-made or prefabricated appliances designed to align, support, prevent deformity, or improve the function of movable body parts. They are frequently used in the treatment of various musculoskeletal disorders, such as foot and ankle conditions, knee problems, spinal alignment issues, and hand or wrist ailments. These devices can be adjustable or non-adjustable and are typically made from materials like plastic, metal, leather, or fabric. They work by redistributing forces across joints, correcting alignment, preventing unwanted movements, or accommodating existing deformities. Examples of orthotic devices include ankle-foot orthoses, knee braces, back braces, wrist splints, and custom-made foot insoles.

Medical Definition:

"Risk factors" are any attribute, characteristic or exposure of an individual that increases the likelihood of developing a disease or injury. They can be divided into modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors. Modifiable risk factors are those that can be changed through lifestyle choices or medical treatment, while non-modifiable risk factors are inherent traits such as age, gender, or genetic predisposition. Examples of modifiable risk factors include smoking, alcohol consumption, physical inactivity, and unhealthy diet, while non-modifiable risk factors include age, sex, and family history. It is important to note that having a risk factor does not guarantee that a person will develop the disease, but rather indicates an increased susceptibility.

In a medical context, "faculty" most commonly refers to the inherent abilities or powers of a normal functioning part of the body or mind. For example, one might speak of the "faculties of perception" to describe the senses of sight, hearing, touch, taste, and smell. It can also refer to the teaching staff or body of instructors at a medical school or other educational institution. Additionally, it can be used more generally to mean a capability or skill, as in "the faculty of quick thinking."

Physical chromosome mapping, also known as physical mapping or genomic mapping, is the process of determining the location and order of specific genes or DNA sequences along a chromosome based on their physical distance from one another. This is typically done by using various laboratory techniques such as restriction enzyme digestion, fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), and chromosome walking to identify the precise location of a particular gene or sequence on a chromosome.

Physical chromosome mapping provides important information about the organization and structure of chromosomes, and it is essential for understanding genetic diseases and disorders. By identifying the specific genes and DNA sequences that are associated with certain conditions, researchers can develop targeted therapies and treatments to improve patient outcomes. Additionally, physical chromosome mapping is an important tool for studying evolution and comparative genomics, as it allows scientists to compare the genetic makeup of different species and identify similarities and differences between them.

In the context of medicine, particularly in the setting of developing a care plan for patients, "goals" refer to specific, measurable, and achievable outcomes that healthcare providers and patients aim to accomplish through treatment or management strategies. These goals are often centered around improving symptoms, enhancing quality of life, promoting functional ability, preventing complications, and extending survival. Goals should be individualized to each patient's unique needs, values, and preferences and may be adjusted over time based on the patient's progress and changing circumstances.

Licensure is the process by which a government regulatory agency grants a license to a physician (or other healthcare professional) to practice medicine (or provide healthcare services) in a given jurisdiction. The licensing process typically requires the completion of specific educational and training requirements, passing written and/or practical exams, and meeting other state-specific criteria.

The purpose of licensure is to ensure that healthcare professionals meet minimum standards of competence and safety in order to protect the public. Licensure laws vary by state, so a physician who is licensed to practice medicine in one state may not be able to practice in another state without obtaining additional licensure.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Netherlands" is not a medical term. It is a country located in Western Europe, known for its artistic heritage, elaborate canal system, and legalized marijuana and prostitution. If you have any questions about medical terms or concepts, I would be happy to help with those!

In the context of medicine and healthcare, "movement" refers to the act or process of changing physical location or position. It involves the contraction and relaxation of muscles, which allows for the joints to move and the body to be in motion. Movement can also refer to the ability of a patient to move a specific body part or limb, which is assessed during physical examinations. Additionally, "movement" can describe the progression or spread of a disease within the body.

Health status indicators are measures used to assess and monitor the health and well-being of a population. They provide information about various aspects of health, such as mortality rates, morbidity rates, prevalence of chronic diseases, lifestyle factors, environmental exposures, and access to healthcare services. These indicators can be used to identify trends and disparities in health outcomes, inform policy decisions, allocate resources, and evaluate the effectiveness of public health interventions. Examples of health status indicators include life expectancy, infant mortality rate, prevalence of diabetes, smoking rates, and access to primary care.

Retrospective studies, also known as retrospective research or looking back studies, are a type of observational study that examines data from the past to draw conclusions about possible causal relationships between risk factors and outcomes. In these studies, researchers analyze existing records, medical charts, or previously collected data to test a hypothesis or answer a specific research question.

Retrospective studies can be useful for generating hypotheses and identifying trends, but they have limitations compared to prospective studies, which follow participants forward in time from exposure to outcome. Retrospective studies are subject to biases such as recall bias, selection bias, and information bias, which can affect the validity of the results. Therefore, retrospective studies should be interpreted with caution and used primarily to generate hypotheses for further testing in prospective studies.

Physical Modalities in Dermatologic Therapy. Springer New York. pp. 197-199. doi:10.1007/978-1-4612-6259-6_19. ISBN ...
Effectiveness of Physical Therapy and Electrophysical Modalities. An Updated Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials ... "Carpal Tunnel Syndrome: Physical Therapy or Surgery?". Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy. 47 (3): 162. 2017. doi ... This article is about physical therapy in carpal tunnel syndrome. Physical therapists and occupational therapists are involved ... Ijaz MJ, Karimi H, Ahmad A, Gillani SA, Anwar N, Chaudhary MA (2022-06-22). "Comparative Efficacy of Routine Physical Therapy ...
Dermatitis Lewis H: Grenz ray therapy: Regimens & Results.Chapter 15 in Physical Modalities in Dermatologic Therapy. ... Grenz Ray Therapy for Skin Disorders Grenz Rays (Articles with short description, Short description matches Wikidata, ...
Early physical therapy may afford pain relief with modalities (e.g. iontophoresis) and help to maintain motion. Ultrasound ... The use of NSAIDs, hot and cold packs, and physical therapy modalities, such as ultrasound, phonophoresis, or iontophoresis, ... Gentle physical therapy guided motion is instituted at this phase, only to prevent stiffness of the shoulder; the rotator cuff ... A conservative physical therapy program begins with preliminary rest and restriction from engaging in activities which gave ...
Physical Agent Modalities in Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation of Small Animals. Veterinary Clinics of North America: Small ... Physical therapy for canines adapts human physical therapy techniques to increase function and mobility of joints and muscles ... clinical practice of physical therapy for animals is a relatively new field in the U.S. In Europe, equine and canine physical ... Canine Rehabilitation and Physical Therapy, 2e 2013. p342-53 Dycus D, Levine D, Marcellin-Little DL. Physical Rehabilitation ...
Physical therapy heat modalities that can be utilized to treat chronic conditions include hot packs, paraffin, warm whirlpool, ... Heat therapy is shown to be a great modality for women with dysmenorrhea, which is pain during menstruation. NSAIDs are usually ... is improved with dry heat therapy. Expansion of the blood capillaries is the primary objective of heat therapy. Heat therapy ... Heat therapy, also called thermotherapy, is the use of heat in therapy, such as for pain relief and health. It can take the ...
Treatment modalities such as bracing, physical therapy, and sitting restrictions have not demonstrated any significant impact ... Femoral Anteversion Femoral anteversion is diagnosed by physical exam. The principle physical exam maneuver is an assessment of ... Internal Tibial Torsion Internal tibial torsion is diagnosed by physical exam. The principle clinical exam is an assessment of ... Frequent tripping and clumsiness Pigeon toe can be diagnosed by physical examination alone. This can classify the deformity ...
... (MT) and graded motor imagery programmes (GMIP) are two specific modalities of physical therapy which are ... The main treatment strategy for CRPS is physical rehabilitation for return of function and mirror therapy is one of many ... Mirror therapy (MT) or mirror visual feedback (MVF) is a therapy for pain or disability that affects one side of the patient ... Mirror therapy is also a recommended therapy for complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS). Since the 2000s, the visual illusion of ...
... appropriate and represents a treatable condition that is responsive to various therapy modalities like drug or physical therapy ... comparison of exercise apparatus in assessment of a physical conditioning program". Physical Therapy. 70 (6): 363-71. doi: ... The aim of a physical therapy session could be to inhibit excessive tone as far as possible, give the patient a sensation of ... O'Sullivan, Susan (2007). Physical Rehabilitation. Philadelphia, PA: F.A Davis Company. p. 497. ISBN 9780803612471. Katz, ...
Thoracic spinal fusion with or without instrumentation as a last resort Physical therapy for pain-relieving modalities, ...
... modality of spasticity is conservative in the form of botulinum toxin A injection and various physical therapy modalities such ... O'Sullivan S (2007). Physical Rehabilitation. Philadelphia, PA: F.A Davis Company. pp. 496-497. Saulino M, Goldman L (2014). " ... IBT may also be used in patients with limited tolerance to other modalities. Phenol injections can be used, or botulinum toxin ... Beresneva J, Stirane D, Kiukucane E, Vetra A (2009). "The use of aquatic therapy in stroke patients for the management of ...
... evidence in the use of botulinum toxin as an add on therapy to occupational therapy among other physical therapies modalities ... Treatment may include one or more of the following: physical therapy; occupational therapy; speech therapy; water therapy; ... Hippo therapy, or therapeutic horseback riding, is a physical therapy treatment strategy that uses equine movement. Evidence ... Participating in physical activity can supplement or replace some forms of therapy. It has been argued that people with ...
... of intervertebral foramen Stretch of soft tissues When mechanical traction is combined with other physical therapy modalities ... Mitchell UH, Helgeson K, Mintken P (September 2017). "Physiological effects of physical therapy interventions on lumbar ... 2020) found that there are better results in mechanical traction therapy when compared to manual traction therapy. Furthermore ... Physical Therapy. 98 (4): 231-242. doi:10.1093/physth/pzy001. PMID 29315428. Colombo, Claudio; Salvioli, Stefano; Gianola, ...
In addition, physical therapy and related healing modalities (e.g., massage, acupuncture) may be recommended in order to ... There are reports of this therapy causing swelling of soft tissue which in turn can cause life-threatening complications due to ...
... the Therapeutic Modalities and Orthopedic Physical Therapy Laboratory, the Rehabilitation and Neurological Physical Therapy ... The departments of Exercise Science, Occupational Therapy, and Physical Therapy, also part of the Panuska College, are housed ... Occupational Therapy, and Physical Therapy. Leahy Hall contains 25 interactive rehabilitation laboratories, 9 traditional and ... used to house facilities for the university's Physical Therapy and Occupational Therapy departments. Leahy Hall opened for the ...
They help with exercises, modalities, and patient education. PTAs also document patient progress and communicate with the ... Physical therapist Occupational therapist ATI Physical Therapy The Athletico Story Are these big physical therapy chains ripe ... 2020 ATI Physical Therapy vs Athletico Glassdoor Official website (Rehabilitation medicine, Physical therapy, Sports medicine, ... 2019 Athletico Physical Therapy Announces New Chief Development Officer Athletico Physical Therapy, PRNewsWire, January 06, ...
Treatment of CRPS often involves a number of modalities. Physical and occupational therapy have low-quality evidence to support ... physical therapy, and procedures) have been trialed. Spinal cord stimulation appears to be an effective therapy in the ... Physical therapy interventions may include transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, progressive weight bearing, graded ... Mirror box therapy appears to be beneficial at least in early CRPS. However, beneficial effects of mirror therapy in the long ...
... physical therapy assists in the early detection of health problems and uses a variety of modalities to provide physical therapy ... The Master of Physical Therapy and Master of Science in Physical Therapy degrees are no longer offered, and the entry-level ... Each of Canada's physical therapy schools has transitioned from 3-year Bachelor of Science in Physical Therapy (BScPT) programs ... Following admission, physical therapy students work on a bachelor of science with a major in physical therapy and ...
... sports physical therapy, wound care, and women's health. Physical therapists can provide various modalities of treatment for ... A History of Physical Therapy and the American Physical Therapy Association. Alexandria, Va: American Physical Therapy ... physical therapy will be provided by physical therapists who are doctors of physical therapy, recognized by consumers and other ... A Doctor of Physical Therapy or Doctor of Physiotherapy (DPT) degree is a qualifying degree in physical therapy. In the United ...
Various modalities can be done alongside typical physical therapy treatment for pelvic floor dysfunction and urinary ... "What is pelvic floor therapy and do I need it?". Worth It PT: Pelvic Health & Physical Therapy. (Physical therapy, Pelvis). ... Pelvic floor physical therapy (PFPT) is a specialty area within physical therapy focusing on the rehabilitation of muscles in ... Licensed physical therapists with specialized pelvic floor physical therapy training address dysfunction in individuals across ...
"Contrast Bath Therapy for Runners: Is it Worth Your Time?". 2012-09-05. Karunanayake, A. L. (2020). "Physical modalities used ... Contrast bath therapy, is a form of treatment where a limb or the entire body is immersed in hot (but not boiling) water ... The theory behind contrast bath therapy is that the hot water causes vasodilation of the blood flow in the limb or body ... In a review on immersion therapy in general, Ian Wilcock, John Cronin, and Wayne Hing suggest that most of the benefits of ...
... physical therapy, and in some severe cases, surgery. A specific cause for the separation of the pubic symphysis during ... Physiotherapy modalities focused on strengthening deep pelvic and core muscles include mobilization, stabilization, ... Physical exam special tests include point tenderness when the pubic symphysis is palpated, a positive Trendelenburg sign, and a ... Treatment for pubic symphysis diastasis is largely conservative, with treatment modalities including pelvic bracing, bed rest, ...
The different modalities include patient education and self-care practices, medication, physical therapy, splints, ...
Another effective modality used in physical therapy to improve gait and balance for MS patients is aquatic therapy. Patients ... These symptoms can be improved by physical therapy and medication. Physical therapists can show strengthening exercises and ... In regards to well-being, physical therapy focused on gait training can be vital to maximizing MS patient participation via ... Stem cell therapy is being studied. This article focuses on therapies for standard MS; borderline forms of MS have particular ...
... physical therapy; chiropractic; and local modalities such as cryotherapy, ultrasound, electromagnetic radiation, and ... Donatelli, Robert (2004). Physical therapy of the shoulder. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone. ISBN 978-0-443-06614-6. Handa A, ... All patients were managed with anti-inflammatory medication and a specific, supervised physical-therapy regimen. The patients ... He noted that "the symptoms and physical signs in all three stages of impingement are almost identical, including the ' ...
... physical therapy (a.k.a. physiotherapy in British-derived cultures) which utilises a wide range of techniques and modalities; ... International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy. 6 (3): 254-266. PMC 3201065. PMID 22034615. Jonas Vangindertael ed. "Facet ... Manual Therapy. 10 (2): 127-35. doi:10.1016/j.math.2004.08.005. PMID 15922233. Matthew A Fisher "Chemistry Explained Collagen ... Neck pain generally has been treated with a profusion of approaches and modalities, including nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory ...
... and modalities to help ease symptoms and speed up the recovery process. The purpose of physical therapy is strengthening muscle ... Physical therapy after the surgery and the use of a knee brace help speed up the healing process. A typical surgery for a blown ... An important post-surgical treatment of unhappy triad is Physical Therapy (PT). PT includes exercise ambulatory programs, ... Exercise ambulatory programs are prescribed by a Physical Therapist and should be used during recovery. Physical Therapist will ...
The modality in which surrogate partners work is called surrogate partner therapy. This modality is used to address obstacles ... to physical and emotional intimacy that a client is unable to resolve through traditional therapy and requires the involvement ... Surrogate partner therapy begins with a meeting between the client, therapist, and surrogate partner in which the goals of the ... This first step is essential in making the client feel comfortable in pursuing this new type of therapy and laying a good ...
Outdoor experiential therapy utilizes the outdoors as a treatment modality to promote "rehabilitation, growth, development, and ... Some[who?] believe that in adventure therapy, there must be a real or perceived psychological and or physical risk, generating ... Adventure therapy and wilderness therapy are variations of outdoor experiential therapy. ... More recently, adventure therapy has evolved to include the use of adventure activities supported by traditional therapy. Often ...
Physical exercise, Weight training, Japanese inventions, Exercise-related trademarks, Physical therapy, Sports medicine, ... or Occlusion Training or KAATSU is an exercise and rehabilitation modality where resistance exercise, aerobic exercise or ... Physical Therapy in Sport. 49: 37-49. doi:10.1016/j.ptsp.2021.01.014. hdl:10344/9814. ISSN 1466-853X. PMID 33582442. S2CID ... International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy. 15 (6): 882-891. doi:10.26603/ijspt20200882. ISSN 2159-2896. PMC 7727417. ...
Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome / therapy* * Physical Therapy Modalities* / economics * Single-Blind Method * Treatment Outcome ... Physical Activity Level in the Previous Week, pressure pain threshold and physical measures of step and squat tests. Cost- ... is a highly prevalent musculoskeletal overuse condition that has a significant impact on participation in daily and physical ...
Physical Modalities in Dermatologic Therapy. Springer New York. pp. 197-199. doi:10.1007/978-1-4612-6259-6_19. ISBN ...
Exercise therapy (a prominent modality in physical therapy). *Mind-body practices (e.g., yoga, tai chi, qigong) ... While the cost may vary, physical therapy can be helpful, particularly for patients who have limited access to safe public ... 2018 Physical Activity Guidelines Advisory Committee. 2018 physical activity guidelines advisory committee scientific report. ... health.gov/our-work/nutrition-physical-activity/physical-activity-guidelines/current-guidelines/scientific-report ...
Physical Therapy Modalities. 1. 2022. 547. 0.040. Why? Marital Status. 1. 2019. 437. 0.040. Why? ...
Physical therapy modalities can be beneficial for pain relief. It is extremely important not only to strengthen the stabilizers ... On physical examination, some patients may have tenderness to palpation along the scapula border; others may have no tenderness ... Unfortunately, when the injury is described as a complete nerve injury by physical examination or when avulsion of the roots is ... Charles E Schlosser III, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Physical Medicine and ...
Education, Musculoskeletal Pain, Physical therapy modalities, Physical Therapy Specialty, Practice guidelines as topic, Public ... Physical therapy modalities; Physical Therapy Specialty; Practice guidelines as topic; Public Health Professional}}, language ... manual therapy), followed by education and information (72.9%), therapeutic exercise (62.0%), soft tissue manual therapy (27.1 ... manual therapy), followed by education and information (72.9%), therapeutic exercise (62.0%), soft tissue manual therapy (27.1 ...
Immunomodulatory Effects of Two Different Physical Therapy Modalities in Patients With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. J ... Soheilifar S, Fathi H, Naghdi N. Photobiomodulation Therapy as a High Potential Treatment Modality for COVID-19. Lasers Med Sci ... Low-Level Laser Therapy Induces Dose-Dependent Reduction of Tnfα Levels in Acute Inflammation. Photomed Laser Surg (2006) 24:33 ... Low Level Laser Therapy Reduces Acute Lung Inflammation in a Model of Pulmonary and Extrapulmonary LPS-Induced ARDS. J ...
The heat reduces inflammation and helps muscles heal, especially in combination with other physical therapy modalities like ... Occasionally, this can be a concern while taking images, but we can use this therapeutically during physical therapy to warm up ... It was this effect, commonly used by physical therapists, that likely helped your wife. ...
Physical Therapy Modalities 44 * Pain 43 * General Surgery 32 * Delivery of Health Care 28 ...
Physical therapy. Ultrasound therapy or other physical therapy modalities may be undertaken to provide temporary relief.. ... Injection therapy. Injections of corticosteroids may reduce inflammation and pain.. * ...
Transcutaneous nerve stimulation, a common physical therapy modality, requires accurate motor point locations for precise ... The specialties of neurology and physical therapy have put considerable effort and research into finding the most accurate ...
Speaking of Womens Health can help answer your arthritis therapy questions and… ... Do you need occupational therapy or physical therapy for your arthritis? ... Thermal modalities. Applying ice packs or heating pads, as well as deep heat provided by ultrasound and hot packs, helps ... What are some benefits of occupational and physical therapy programs?. Physical therapy programs may provide:. *Education about ...
"We want to start applying some different modalities of therapy that our counselors use, incorporating physical movement," ... According to Graham, the new space will allow for both programs to collaborate more easily without a physical barrier between ...
... and they may incorporate additional treatment modalities (vestibular therapy, medications, supplements, physical therapy, and ... ocular therapy). Your physician may also have you consult a concussion specialist (typically a physical medicine and ... Dr.) Peter Armanas, explains why you are asked personal questions about your physical and mental health at doctors ... along with a thorough physical examination that may include neurological, musculoskeletal, vestibular, and ocular testing will ...
Physical Therapy Modalities 8 * Neoplasms 8 * Congresses as Topic 7 * Infant Nutrition 7 ... Medicine, Traditional, Complementary Therapies, Health, Treatment Outcome, Cupping Therapy, Apitherapy, Aromatherapy VII ... Leprosy, Leprosy/prevention & control, Leprosy/drug therapy, Hanseníase II Congresso Pernambucano de Saúde Mental: O ...
Modality. Description. Physical Therapy. Aims to improve flexibility, strengthen back muscles, and correct postural imbalances ... including physical therapy, chiropractic care, and targeted exercises. Physical therapy aims to improve flexibility, strengthen ... Their expertise is backed by a Masters degree in Physical Therapy from a reputable institution and ongoing professional ... She had tried various treatments, including medication and physical therapy, but found little long-term relief. Frustrated with ...
... provides rehabilitation for those who are suffering from an injury, recovering from surgery, and dealing with ... Physical therapy at MRHC. Hear from MRHC Physical Therapist, Taylor Nelson, about what a typical physical therapy appointment ... The Benefits of Physical Therapy. October 3, 2022 , Physical Therapy. "I had knee pain all the time and it was hard to walk ... March 13, 2024 , Physical Therapy, Therapy Department. As the Therapy Director at MRHC, Taylor Nelson, PT, DPT, is committed to ...
... or physical therapy, have less quantity and quality of evidence compared to HBOT. Moreover, most of these modalities have not ... Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy for Traumatic Brain Injury: Evidence-Based Medicine * Playing It Rough: How Injuries Hit High School ... Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy for Traumatic Brain Injury: Evidence-Based Medicine. Amir Hadanny, MD, PhD; Joseph C. Maroon, MD; ... In his commentary, titled "Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy for Traumatic Brain Injury: Promising or Wishful Thinking?," Andrew N. ...
The paucity of carefully controlled clinical trials evaluating the efficacy of physical therapy and exercise modalities makes ... Physical therapy approaches. Physical therapy including exercise is a necessary adjunct to pharmacotherapy. However, the lack ... PHYSICAL THERAPY, EXERCISE, AND EDUCATION. The goals of physical treatment of AS are to improve mobility and strength and to ... Physical treatments, including physical therapy and regular exercise, contribute to AS management but cannot replace ...
... physical modalities [low-level laser therapy], ultrasound, and mind-body therapies), and fibromyalgia (exercise, mindfulness ... A Gallup poll found that 78% of Americans preferred nonpharmacologic therapies (e.g., physical therapy and chiropractic care) ... Nonopioid pharmacologic therapy versus a different nonopioid pharmacologic therapy or nonpharmacologic therapy (KQ 2) ... physical modalities, and acupuncture) versus inactive treatments, usual care, no treatment, pharmacologic therapy, or selected ...
Other aspects of the Geriatric Fracture Program include an intensive physical therapy modality following surgery, a nutritional ...
Physical Therapy Modalities. Sciatica is treated with physical therapy techniques, including heat or cold therapy. Manual ... But rather than making the pain worse, therapies like physical therapy or medicine try to make it go away. ... Soft Tissue Therapy. Inflammation in the muscles close to the sciatic nerve can compress the nerve or complicate things. ... Chiropractors provide individual therapy that addresses various health issues. These changes provide a non-pharmacological ...
"People are starting to see stretching as that modality that fits into health and wellness, similar to physical therapy or ... And a third study, published in the International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy, found the benefits of stretching to be ... although the control group merely attended classes requiring minor physical activity. An Illinois State University study said ...
Physical Therapy Treatment Modalities. Physical therapy employs various treatment modalities to address various musculoskeletal ... a well-planned physical therapy program can offer substantial relief. The Physical Therapy Program. A well-designed physical ... Here are some commonly used physical therapy treatment modalities:. *Night Splints: These keep the foot in a dorsiflexed ... Physical therapy is a widely recognized treatment modality for musculoskeletal conditions, including plantar fasciitis. ...
1. Physical Therapy Modalities:. Apart from the direct physical exercises and the manual methods, physical therapists also ... Assisted by modalities such as ultrasound, electrical stimulation, and ice therapy (cryotherapy) these can be combined with ... The fact that companies such as Manhattan Physical Therapy are personalized treatment plans that are used in a way that they ... Irrespective of the type of your ankle injury, Manhattan Physical Therapy provides a range of customized and non-surgical ...
... and families understand opioid treatment choices as well as introduce other pain management modalities such as physical therapy ...
  • Ultrasound therapy or other physical therapy modalities may be undertaken to provide temporary relief. (foothealthfacts.org)
  • Physical therapy modalities of local heat, massage, diathermy, ultrasound, or whirlpool baths were regarded as being potentially helpful. (cdc.gov)
  • Conservative treatments include modalities such as physical and occupational therapy, ultrasound-guided injections and nerve hydrodissection, psychotherapy, pharmacotherapy and the use of spinal cord stimulators, among many others. (bidmc.org)
  • Studies including quantitative EMG as well as imaging modalities such as high frequency ultrasound and MRI are currently being used at our center to correlate clinical and patient reported outcome measures with electrophysiologic parameters as well as cross-sectional imaging. (bidmc.org)
  • Assisted by modalities such as ultrasound, electrical stimulation, and ice therapy (cryotherapy) these can be combined with exercise programs to help relieve pain, reduce inflammation, and promote healing of tissues. (manhattanptandpain.com)
  • It is worth emphasizing that many of the recommended therapeutic modalities, such as cognitive rehabilitation, pharmacotherapy, or physical therapy, have less quantity and quality of evidence compared to HBOT. (medscape.com)
  • Therapeutic modalities frequently used in PHYSICAL THERAPY SPECIALTY by PHYSICAL THERAPISTS or physiotherapists to promote, maintain, or restore the physical and physiological well-being of an individual. (bvsalud.org)
  • Physical therapy is a widely recognized treatment modality for musculoskeletal conditions, including plantar fasciitis. (proremedyphysio.com)
  • A well-designed physical therapy program can provide relief for plantar fasciitis. (proremedyphysio.com)
  • Additional treatments could include referrals to physical therapy, chiropractic care, and acupuncture. (sansumclinic.org)
  • Trigger point injections, acupuncture, chiropractic manipulation, and myofascial release are usually well received by patients and can be beneficial, but results are not long lasting and patients may not be able to afford long-term therapy since these are sometimes not covered my insurance. (medscape.com)
  • ACUPUNCTURE) become widely accepted whereas others (humors, radium therapy) quietly fade away, yet are important historical footnotes. (bvs.br)
  • Patellofemoral pain syndrome is a highly prevalent musculoskeletal overuse condition that has a significant impact on participation in daily and physical activities. (nih.gov)
  • The workshop will address the evaluation and management of common musculoskeletal problems of the upper and lower extremity and the role of injection therapy in these conditions. (aapa.org)
  • These questions, along with a thorough physical examination that may include neurological, musculoskeletal, vestibular, and ocular testing will help your physician determine the underlying cause of your symptoms. (health.mil)
  • Physical therapy employs various treatment modalities to address various musculoskeletal and neurological conditions. (proremedyphysio.com)
  • A holistic approach to back pain management may involve various modalities, including physical therapy, chiropractic care, and targeted exercises. (wlnaturalhealth.com)
  • People are starting to see stretching as that modality that fits into health and wellness, similar to physical therapy or chiropractic care," Baker said. (egyptindependent.com)
  • Specialized treatments are usually adjusted to a certain individual and may incorporate various intervention modalities tuned up to reach the most favorable results. (manhattanptandpain.com)
  • Throughout your recovery, you will have serial follow-ups with your physician, and they may incorporate additional treatment modalities (vestibular therapy, medications, supplements, physical therapy, and ocular therapy). (health.mil)
  • Regarding medication management, first line therapies often include non-opiate anti-inflammatories, nerve pain medications, and muscle relaxants. (sansumclinic.org)
  • The goal of steroid based procedures is to use real-time imaging modalities such as fluoroscopy (X-ray) to target medication to a very focused area to reduce inflammation and pain, thereby avoiding some of the detrimental effects these medications may have. (sansumclinic.org)
  • The physician should inform the patient that no cure exists for fibromyalgia but that education, lifestyle changes including regular physical activity, and proper medications can help the individual to regain control and achieve significant improvement. (medscape.com)
  • It was this effect, commonly used by physical therapists, that likely helped your wife. (timescolonist.com)
  • How can physical therapists help? (speakingofwomenshealth.com)
  • Physical therapists can teach you exercises designed to preserve the strength and use of your joints. (speakingofwomenshealth.com)
  • The PT department features modern technology and equipment, and the therapists utilize hands on, exercise-based treatments to help patients achieve their therapy goals. (mrhcia.com)
  • Apart from the direct physical exercises and the manual methods, physical therapists also membership other modalities in a complete line of therapy for ankle issues. (manhattanptandpain.com)
  • Use of nonpharmacologic and nonopioid pharmacologic therapies should be maximized as appropriate because they do not carry the same risks as opioids. (cdc.gov)
  • Several nonopioid pharmacologic therapies can be used for chronic pain conditions. (cdc.gov)
  • Exercise, mind-body interventions, and behavioral treatments (including cognitive behavioral therapy and mindfulness practices) can encourage active patient participation in the care plan and help address the effects of pain in the patient's life. (cdc.gov)
  • Transcutaneous nerve stimulation, a common physical therapy modality, requires accurate motor point locations for precise electrode pad placement. (pacificcollege.edu)
  • Your physician may also have you consult a concussion specialist (typically a physical medicine and rehabilitation or sports medicine physician) to help aid in your recovery. (health.mil)
  • Physical Therapy provides rehabilitation for those who are suffering from an injury, recovering from surgery, and dealing with any sort of acute or chronic pain. (mrhcia.com)
  • As skilled educators and patient advocates, nurses can help patients and families understand opioid treatment choices as well as introduce other pain management modalities such as physical therapy, psychological management options, complementary medicine, and non-opioid management strategies to ease the burden of pain. (ottawa.edu)
  • In a systematic review by Häuser of 1119 patients in 9 randomized controlled trials, multicomponent treatment (at least 1 form of educational or other psychological therapy plus at least 1 form of exercise therapy) yielded short-term benefits for the symptoms of pain, fatigue, depression, and quality of life. (medscape.com)
  • The life expectancy of individuals with metastatic cancer is increasing, but this group of patients is at considerable risk of having psychological and physical health problems. (bvsalud.org)
  • As the Therapy Director at MRHC, Taylor Nelson, PT, DPT, is committed to elevating the therapy department to new heights, offering cutting-edge treatments, and fostering a culture of excellence. (mrhcia.com)
  • Non-surgical treatments to avoid replacement of the ankle include therapies that reduce the pain and inflammation similar to restoring the function of the ankle joint. (manhattanptandpain.com)
  • Therapies are termed as Complementary when used in addition to conventional treatments and as Alternative when used instead of conventional treatment. (bvs.br)
  • As part of a comprehensive plan for arthritis treatment, your doctor might also prescribe occupational and physical therapy, which can provide additional help in your recovery. (speakingofwomenshealth.com)
  • Hear from MRHC Physical Therapist, Taylor Nelson, about what a typical physical therapy appointment consists of, the benefits of physical therapy, treatment options, and how the therapy team helps individuals reach their goals. (mrhcia.com)
  • The importance of a comprehensive treatment plan, incorporating exercise, proper ergonomics, and alternative therapies. (wlnaturalhealth.com)
  • In July of last year, the European Society of Medicine published our literature review on the efficacy of hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) in the treatment of traumatic brain injury (TBI). (medscape.com)
  • Several treatment modalities are employed over the course of this chronic, progressive disease, including pharmacological therapy, physical therapy, and occasionally surgery. (bmj.com)
  • The application of cold therapies in the form of ice packs, ice packs, etc. in the treatment of severe ankle injuries are used to reduce pain and swelling, providing lower recovery and return to normal functionality. (manhattanptandpain.com)
  • Treatment includes drugs, physical therapy, and sympathetic blockade. (msdmanuals.com)
  • In this sense, physical exercise has been an ally in the treatment of patients with bone metastases. (bvsalud.org)
  • Despite their favorable benefit-to-risk profile, noninvasive nonpharmacologic therapies are not always covered or fully covered by insurance. (cdc.gov)
  • Clinicians should maximize use of nonpharmacologic and nonopioid therapies as appropriate for the specific condition and patient and only consider opioid therapy for acute pain if benefits are anticipated to outweigh risks to the patient. (cdc.gov)
  • Interestingly, most neurological societies do not provide specific guidelines for the therapy of chronic TBI. (medscape.com)
  • Secondary outcome measures will include the Lower Extremity Functional Scale, McGill Pain Questionnaire, 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, Patient-Specific Functional Scale, Physical Activity Level in the Previous Week, pressure pain threshold and physical measures of step and squat tests. (nih.gov)
  • Based on American Physical Therapy Association best practices, this new edition provides comprehensive coverage of anatomy, physiology, and cardiopulmonary assessment, along with new chapters on the growing topics of the management of cardiovascular disease in women and pulmonary vascular disease. (jongbloed.nl)
  • Material uses best practices defined by the American Physical Therapy Association. (jongbloed.nl)
  • Therapy with aerobic and isometric exercises is safe in patients with bone metastases, in addition, it improves pain, but without significant increase of aerobic capacity, disease progression, body mass and quality of life. (bvsalud.org)
  • Practiced clinicians at Manhattan Physical Therapy can exercise individualized approaches by using pre-fitted orthotics that are well-targeted to serve the patient's particular needs. (manhattanptandpain.com)
  • This comprehensive guide aims to explore natural remedies for permanent back pain relief , offering insights into lifestyle adjustments, alternative therapies, and proactive measures for sustaining a healthy back. (wlnaturalhealth.com)
  • The effectiveness and comparative effectiveness (benefits [KQ 1] and harms [KQ 2]) of long-term opioid therapy versus placebo, no opioid therapy, or nonopioid therapy. (cdc.gov)
  • Most of our patients are in the 60-plus age range and have tried conservative first-line therapies through their primary physicians," Dr. Zusmer says. (sansumclinic.org)
  • Nonopioid therapies are at least as effective as opioids for many common types of acute pain ( Recommendation 1 ). (cdc.gov)
  • For additional information regarding nonopioid therapy approaches for treating acute pain, please refer to Recommendation 1 in the 2022 Clinical Practice Guideline. (cdc.gov)
  • Synchronous modalities include real-time telephone or live audio-video interaction, typically with a patient using a smartphone, tablet, or a computer. (cdc.gov)
  • If your primary care physician diagnoses you with a concussion, they will help guide you through a step-by-step return to duty protocol that will include guidelines for progressive return to physical and mental responsibilities at work and home. (health.mil)
  • Other aspects of the Geriatric Fracture Program include an intensive physical therapy modality following surgery, a nutritional evaluation and supplement when indicated and an interdisciplinary care program in those patients with mild to moderate dementia. (uhhospitals.org)
  • Therapy should be started early in order to reduce painful symptoms of inflammation, prevent deformity and permanent joint stiffness, and maintain strength in the surrounding muscles. (speakingofwomenshealth.com)
  • This spans from basic science and animal work through to human clinical trials, allowing therapies and diagnostics with a high potential to seamlessly and rapidly transition to patient care, minimizing any delay in their impact on patient outcomes. (bidmc.org)
  • In the small group breakout sessions, learn physical exam techniques, discuss common radiology cases, and participate in a hands-on surgical skills lab for fracture fixation. (aapa.org)
  • Irrespective of the type of your ankle injury, Manhattan Physical Therapy provides a range of customized and non-surgical procedures in your rehab process. (manhattanptandpain.com)
  • Those statements addressed the importance of psychosocial factors, exercise, education, and manual therapy techniques in managing non-specific TSP. (lu.se)
  • Conclusions: Study participants considered fundamentally using a multimodal programme based on education, exercise and manual therapy to manage non-specific TSP. (lu.se)
  • There were no reported complications or sequelae due to PBM therapy throughout the study. (frontiersin.org)
  • Occasionally, this can be a concern while taking images, but we can use this therapeutically during physical therapy to warm up soft tissues of the body, especially muscles, tendons and ligaments. (timescolonist.com)
  • The heat reduces inflammation and helps muscles heal, especially in combination with other physical therapy modalities like exercise and massage. (timescolonist.com)
  • Sedentary behavior, characterized by prolonged sitting and minimal physical activity, can weaken back muscles and contribute to spinal misalignment. (wlnaturalhealth.com)
  • Physical therapy aims to improve flexibility, strengthen back muscles, and correct postural imbalances, promoting long-term back health. (wlnaturalhealth.com)
  • My practice is based on a holistic approach that focuses on the emotional, physical and energetic/spiritual aspects of people's lives. (psychologytoday.com)
  • For example, a preliminary study on the impact of an active assisted stretching program in older adults found it did help increase their range of motion, mobility and functional power, although the control group merely attended classes requiring minor physical activity. (egyptindependent.com)
  • While physical activity is generally healthy, intense or improper exercise can strain the plantar fascia. (proremedyphysio.com)
  • A combination of weight gain, changes in physical activity, and other body changes during pregnancy increase the risk factors for this condition. (proremedyphysio.com)
  • Avoid excessive use of physical therapy modalities after minor trauma, excessive activity limitation, and overly liberal work release. (medscape.com)
  • Manning Regional Healthcare Center is proud to provide a wide variety of therapy services. (mrhcia.com)
  • The therapy department at Manning Regional Healthcare Center (MRHC) is excited to welcome an additional physical therapist, Lucas Schwery, DPT. (mrhcia.com)
  • For patients who do not experience satisfactory results from first-line therapies, innovative techniques that represent the latest advances in medical technology can be performed. (sansumclinic.org)
  • Healthcare providers can conduct a comprehensive assessment, including physical examinations and imaging studies, to pinpoint the exact source and nature of the pain. (wlnaturalhealth.com)
  • Moreover, most of these modalities have not been investigated in multicenter standardized studies. (medscape.com)
  • However, well-powered studies have never been conducted to validate their use in patients with TBI, leaving uncertainty regarding the role of these agents in therapy. (medscape.com)
  • No universally accepted diagnostic criteria, laboratory tests, imaging studies or other modalities definitively diagnose or exclude burning mouth syndrome (BMS). (medscape.com)
  • Most of our participants are probably already aware of telehealth and telehealth modalities, but just to be sure everyone is on the same page, I would like to cover them here. (cdc.gov)
  • And a third study, published in the International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy, found the benefits of stretching to be individual to the population studied. (egyptindependent.com)
  • They found no evidence that these symptomatic benefits were durable in the long term, but strong evidence suggested that multicomponent therapy conferred a long-term benefit to maintenance of physical fitness. (medscape.com)
  • Systematic review and meta-analysis on the safety and benefits of physical exercise in patients with bone metastases. (bvsalud.org)
  • The foundation of our program is a thorough in-person evaluation which begins with history-taking and physical examination. (bidmc.org)
  • Hear from Manning locals, Dave and Kathy Rohe, about Dave's health journey and their physical therapy experience at MRHC. (mrhcia.com)
  • Orienting the physical therapist to public health practice. (cdc.gov)