Expenditure of energy during PHYSICAL ACTIVITY. Intensity of exertion may be measured by rate of OXYGEN CONSUMPTION; HEAT produced, or HEART RATE. Perceived exertion, a psychological measure of exertion, is included.
The use of focused short radio waves to produce local hyperthermia in an injured person or diseased body area.
Physical activity which is usually regular and done with the intention of improving or maintaining PHYSICAL FITNESS or HEALTH. Contrast with PHYSICAL EXERTION which is concerned largely with the physiologic and metabolic response to energy expenditure.
Studies comparing two or more treatments or interventions in which the subjects or patients, upon completion of the course of one treatment, are switched to another. In the case of two treatments, A and B, half the subjects are randomly allocated to receive these in the order A, B and half to receive them in the order B, A. A criticism of this design is that effects of the first treatment may carry over into the period when the second is given. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Diseases caused by factors involved in one's employment.
Controlled physical activity which is performed in order to allow assessment of physiological functions, particularly cardiovascular and pulmonary, but also aerobic capacity. Maximal (most intense) exercise is usually required but submaximal exercise is also used.
A range of values for a variable of interest, e.g., a rate, constructed so that this range has a specified probability of including the true value of the variable.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
NECROSIS of the MYOCARDIUM caused by an obstruction of the blood supply to the heart (CORONARY CIRCULATION).
The ability to carry out daily tasks and perform physical activities in a highly functional state, often as a result of physical conditioning.
The physical activity of a human or an animal as a behavioral phenomenon.
The time span between the beginning of physical activity by an individual and the termination because of exhaustion.
Therapeutic modalities frequently used in PHYSICAL THERAPY SPECIALTY by PHYSICAL THERAPISTS or physiotherapists to promote, maintain, or restore the physical and physiological well-being of an individual.
Instructional programs in the care and development of the body, often in schools. The concept does not include prescribed exercises, which is EXERCISE THERAPY.
The number of times the HEART VENTRICLES contract per unit of time, usually per minute.
The process by which the nature and meaning of sensory stimuli are recognized and interpreted.
The rate at which oxygen is used by a tissue; microliters of oxygen STPD used per milligram of tissue per hour; the rate at which oxygen enters the blood from alveolar gas, equal in the steady state to the consumption of oxygen by tissue metabolism throughout the body. (Stedman, 25th ed, p346)
The use of a bicycle for transportation or recreation. It does not include the use of a bicycle in studying the body's response to physical exertion (BICYCLE ERGOMETRY TEST see EXERCISE TEST).
Activities or games, usually involving physical effort or skill. Reasons for engagement in sports include pleasure, competition, and/or financial reward.
Difficult or labored breathing.
Any method of measuring the amount of work done by an organism, usually during PHYSICAL EXERTION. Ergometry also includes measures of power. Some instruments used in these determinations include the hand crank and the bicycle ergometer.

Evaluation of pulmonary volumetric morphometry at the light and electron microscopy level in several species of passerine birds. (1/4418)

The lungs of 3 small passerine species, having similar body mass but different diurnal activity patterns, were analysed morphometrically to assess the relationship between diurnal activity and pulmonary volumetry at the light and electron microscope levels. The percentage volumes of the major lung and exchange tissue components of the 3 species--an aerial insectivore, a foliage gleaner/nectarivore and a ground forager--were strikingly similar, and consistent with literature values for other passerine species. The only significant difference found was exchange tissue plasma volume and pulmonary haematocrit, with the ground-foraging, low activity Malurus splendens having significantly lower values than the other 2 species. This may indicate that cardiovascular parameters are more important determinants of metabolic activity in small passerines than aspects of pulmonary anatomy.  (+info)

2,3 diphosphoglycerate in Parkinson's disease. (2/4418)

The red cell 2,3 DPG, the most important factor for oxygen delivery in the tissues, was found to be increased in Parkinsonism patients compared with controls. The aging process seems not to be a factor in the increased 2,3 DPG concentration. Other factors relevant to raised 2,3 DPG level such as physical activity, increased oxygen requirements, and metabolic changes are discussed.  (+info)

Lactate kinetics at rest and during exercise in lambs with aortopulmonary shunts. (3/4418)

In a previous study [G. C. M. Beaufort-Krol, J. Takens, M. C. Molenkamp, G. B. Smid, J. J. Meuzelaar, W. G. Zijlstra, and J. R. G. Kuipers. Am. J. Physiol. 275 (Heart Circ. Physiol. 44): H1503-H1512, 1998], a lower systemic O2 supply was found in lambs with aortopulmonary left-to-right shunts. To determine whether the lower systemic O2 supply results in increased anaerobic metabolism, we used [1-13C]lactate to investigate lactate kinetics in eight 7-wk-old lambs with shunts and eight control lambs, at rest and during moderate exercise [treadmill; 50% of peak O2 consumption (VO2)]. The mean left-to-right shunt fraction in the shunt lambs was 55 +/- 3% of pulmonary blood flow. Arterial lactate concentrations and the rate of appearance (Ra) and disappearance (Rd) of lactate were similar in shunt and control lambs, both at rest (lactate: 1, 201 +/- 76 vs. 1,214 +/- 151 micromol/l; Ra = Rd: 12.97 +/- 1.71 vs. 12.55 +/- 1.25 micromol. min-1. kg-1) and during a similar relative workload. We found a positive correlation between Ra and systemic blood flow, O2 supply, and VO2 in both groups of lambs. In conclusion, shunt lambs have similar lactate kinetics as do control lambs, both at rest and during moderate exercise at a similar fraction of their peak VO2, despite a lower systemic O2 supply.  (+info)

The physiological strain index applied to heat-stressed rats. (4/4418)

A physiological strain index (PSI) based on heart rate (HR) and rectal temperature (Tre) was recently suggested to evaluate exercise-heat stress in humans. The purpose of this study was to adjust PSI for rats and to evaluate this index at different levels of heat acclimation and training. The corrections of HR and Tre to modify the index for rats are as follows: PSI = 5 (Tre t - Tre 0). (41.5 - Tre 0)-1 + 5 (HRt - HR0). (550 - HR0)-1, where HRt and Tre t are simultaneous measurements taken at any time during the exposure and HR0 and Tre 0 are the initial measurements. The adjusted PSI was applied to five groups (n = 11-14 per group) of acclimated rats (control and 2, 5, 10, and 30 days) exposed for 70 min to a hot climate [40 degrees C, 20% relative humidity (RH)]. A separate database representing two groups of acclimated or trained rats was also used and involved 20 min of low-intensity exercise (O2 consumption approximately 50 ml. min-1. kg-1) at three different climates: normothermic (24 degrees C, 40% RH), hot-wet (35 degrees C, 70% RH), and hot-dry (40 degrees C, 20% RH). In normothermia, rats also performed moderate exercise (O2 consumption approximately 60 ml. min-1. kg-1). The adjusted PSI differentiated among acclimation levels and significantly discriminated among all exposures during low-intensity exercise (P < 0.05). Furthermore, this index was able to assess the individual roles played by heat acclimation and exercise training.  (+info)

Exercise-induced alterations in skeletal muscle myosin heavy chain phenotype: dose-response relationship. (5/4418)

This study investigated the effects of exercise training duration on the myosin heavy chain (MHC) isoform distribution in rat locomotor muscles. Female Sprague-Dawley rats (120 days old) were assigned to either a sedentary control group or to one of three endurance exercise training groups. Trained animals ran on a treadmill at approximately 75% maximal O2 uptake for 10 wk (4-5 days/wk) at one of three different exercise durations (30, 60, or 90 min/day). Training resulted in increases (P < 0.05) in citrate synthase activity in the soleus and extensor digitorum longus in both the 60 and 90 min/day duration groups and in the plantaris (Pla) in all three exercise groups. All durations of training resulted in a reduction (P < 0.05) in the percentage of MHCIIb and an increase (P < 0.05) in the percentage of MHCIIa in the Pla. The magnitude of change in the percentage of MHCIIb in the Pla increased as a function of the training duration. In the extensor digitorum longus, 90 min of daily exercise promoted a decrease (P < 0.05) in percentage of MHCIIb and increases (P < 0.05) in the percentages of MHCI, MHCIIa, and MHCIId/x. Finally, training durations >/=60 min resulted in an increase (P < 0.05) in the percentage of MHCI and a concomitant decrease (P < 0.05) in the percentage of MHCIIa in the soleus. These results demonstrate that increasing the training duration elevates the magnitude of the fast-to-slow shift in MHC phenotype in rat hindlimb muscles.  (+info)

Early occurrence of respiratory muscle deoxygenation assessed by near-infrared spectroscopy during leg exercise in patients with chronic heart failure. (6/4418)

The mechanisms of respiratory muscle deoxygenation during incremental leg exercise with expired gas analysis were investigated in 29 patients with chronic heart failure and 21 normal subjects. The deoxygenation and blood volume of the respiratory muscle and exercising leg muscle were assessed by near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS). To evaluate the influence of the leg exercise on the blood volume of the respiratory muscle, 10 normal subjects also underwent a hyperventilation test with NIRS. The respiratory muscle deoxygenation point (RDP), at which oxygenated hemoglobin starts to decrease, was observed in both groups during exercise. The oxygen consumption (VO2) and the minute ventilation at the RDP in the patients was lower (p<0.01). At the same VO2, the respiratory rate was higher in patients (p<0.01). During exercise, the blood volume of the leg muscle increased, while that of the respiratory muscle decreased. During a hyperventilation test, the minute ventilation was higher than that of the RDP during exercise, the blood volume of the respiratory muscle did not decrease, and the RDP was not detectable. In conclusion, a limited ability to increase perfusion of respiratory muscles during exercise combined with the greater work of breathing results in early respiratory muscle deoxygenation in patients with chronic heart failure.  (+info)

Determinants of exercise-induced ST-segment displacement in the aVL lead in patients with known or suspected coronary artery disease. (7/4418)

Although the aVL lead in exercise electrocardiography is reported to be helpful in identifying a significant narrowing of the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD), its role in exercise testing has not been fully evaluated. Accordingly, 821 patients who underwent both standard exercise testing and coronary angiography were evaluated. In patients with aVL lead ST elevation, the incidence of a significant narrowing of the LAD (124/165 vs 348/656; p<0.001) was higher than in those without. Multiple logistic regression analysis revealed that the 2 most important variables that correlated with aVL lead ST elevation were a greater number of leads with ST depression in the inferior leads and a smaller amplitude of R wave in the aVL lead. In contrast, variables correlating with aVL lead ST depression in the majority of cases were a greater number of leads with ST depression in all leads and the presence of inferior lead ST elevation. The results of this study indicate that although aVL lead ST elevation could be a marker for LAD narrowing, more important factors such as inferior lead ST-segment depression and the R-wave amplitude of the aVL lead should be taken into consideration. In contrast, ST depression in the aVL lead mostly represents exercise-induced myocardial ischemia of greater extent and severity.  (+info)

Expression of insulin growth factor-1 splice variants and structural genes in rabbit skeletal muscle induced by stretch and stimulation. (8/4418)

1. Skeletal muscle is a major source of circulating insulin growth factor-1 (IGF-1), particularly during exercise. It expresses two main isoforms. One of the muscle IGF-1 isoforms (muscle L.IGF-1) is similar to the main liver IGF-1 and presumably has an endocrine action. The other muscle isoform as a result of alternative splicing has a different 3' exon sequence and is apparently designed for an autocrine/paracrine action (mechano-growth factor, MGF). Using RNase protection assays with a probe that distinguishes these differently spliced forms of IGF-1, their expression and also the expression of two structural genes was measured in rabbit extensor digitorum longus muscles subjected to different mechanical signals. 2. Within 4 days, stretch using plaster cast immobilization with the limb in the plantar flexed position resulted in marked upregulation of both forms of IGF-1 mRNA. Electrical stimulation at 10 Hz combined with stretch (overload) resulted in an even greater increase of both types of IGF-1 transcript, whereas electrical stimulation alone, i.e. without stretch, resulted in no significant increase over muscle from sham-operated controls. Previously, it was shown that stretch combined with electrical stimulation of the dorsiflexor muscles in the adult rabbit results in a marked increase in muscle mass involving increases in both length and girth, within a few days. The expression of both systemic and autocrine IGF-1 growth factors provides a link between the mechanical signal and the marked increase in the structural gene expression involved in tissue remodelling and repair. 3. The expression of the beta actin gene was seen to be markedly upregulated in the stretched and stretched/stimulated muscles. It was concluded that the increased expression of this cytoskeletal protein gene is an indication that the production of IGF-1 may initially be a response to local damage. 4. Switches in muscle fibre phenotype were studied using a specific gene probe for the 2X myosin heavy chain gene. Type 2X expression was found to decrease markedly with stimulation alone and when electrical stimulation was combined with stretch. Unlike the induction of IGF-1 and beta actin, the decreased expression of the 2X myosin mRNA was less marked in the 'stretch only' muscles. This indicates that the interconversion of fibre type 2X to 2A may in some situations be commensurate with, but not under the control of IGF-1.  (+info)

Physical exertion is defined as the act of applying energy to physically demandable activities or tasks, which results in various body systems working together to produce movement and maintain homeostasis. It often leads to an increase in heart rate, respiratory rate, and body temperature, among other physiological responses. The level of physical exertion can vary based on the intensity, duration, and frequency of the activity.

It's important to note that engaging in regular physical exertion has numerous health benefits, such as improving cardiovascular fitness, strengthening muscles and bones, reducing stress, and preventing chronic diseases like obesity, diabetes, and heart disease. However, it is also crucial to balance physical exertion with adequate rest and recovery time to avoid overtraining or injury.

Shortwave therapy (SWT), also known as shortwave diathermy, is a form of electromagnetic radiation therapy in the frequency range of 245 MHz to 1000 MHz. It is used in physical therapy and pain management to produce heat in body tissues, increasing local blood flow, decreasing pain, and promoting healing. The energy is absorbed by body tissues, causing molecular vibrations that result in the production of heat. This modality is often used for conditions such as muscle and joint injuries, bursitis, tendonitis, and other inflammatory conditions. It should be administered under the supervision of a trained healthcare professional due to the potential for adverse effects if not properly applied.

Exercise is defined in the medical context as a physical activity that is planned, structured, and repetitive, with the primary aim of improving or maintaining one or more components of physical fitness. Components of physical fitness include cardiorespiratory endurance, muscular strength, muscular endurance, flexibility, and body composition. Exercise can be classified based on its intensity (light, moderate, or vigorous), duration (length of time), and frequency (number of times per week). Common types of exercise include aerobic exercises, such as walking, jogging, cycling, and swimming; resistance exercises, such as weightlifting; flexibility exercises, such as stretching; and balance exercises. Exercise has numerous health benefits, including reducing the risk of chronic diseases, improving mental health, and enhancing overall quality of life.

A cross-over study is a type of experimental design in which participants receive two or more interventions in a specific order. After a washout period, each participant receives the opposite intervention(s). The primary advantage of this design is that it controls for individual variability by allowing each participant to act as their own control.

In medical research, cross-over studies are often used to compare the efficacy or safety of two treatments. For example, a researcher might conduct a cross-over study to compare the effectiveness of two different medications for treating high blood pressure. Half of the participants would be randomly assigned to receive one medication first and then switch to the other medication after a washout period. The other half of the participants would receive the opposite order of treatments.

Cross-over studies can provide valuable insights into the relative merits of different interventions, but they also have some limitations. For example, they may not be suitable for studying conditions that are chronic or irreversible, as it may not be possible to completely reverse the effects of the first intervention before administering the second one. Additionally, carryover effects from the first intervention can confound the results if they persist into the second treatment period.

Overall, cross-over studies are a useful tool in medical research when used appropriately and with careful consideration of their limitations.

Occupational diseases are health conditions or illnesses that occur as a result of exposure to hazards in the workplace. These hazards can include physical, chemical, and biological agents, as well as ergonomic factors and work-related psychosocial stressors. Examples of occupational diseases include respiratory illnesses caused by inhaling dust or fumes, hearing loss due to excessive noise exposure, and musculoskeletal disorders caused by repetitive movements or poor ergonomics. The development of an occupational disease is typically related to the nature of the work being performed and the conditions in which it is carried out. It's important to note that these diseases can be prevented or minimized through proper risk assessment, implementation of control measures, and adherence to safety regulations.

An exercise test, also known as a stress test or an exercise stress test, is a medical procedure used to evaluate the heart's function and response to physical exertion. It typically involves walking on a treadmill or pedaling a stationary bike while being monitored for changes in heart rate, blood pressure, electrocardiogram (ECG), and sometimes other variables such as oxygen consumption or gas exchange.

During the test, the patient's symptoms, such as chest pain or shortness of breath, are also closely monitored. The exercise test can help diagnose coronary artery disease, assess the severity of heart-related symptoms, and evaluate the effectiveness of treatments for heart conditions. It may also be used to determine a person's safe level of physical activity and fitness.

There are different types of exercise tests, including treadmill stress testing, stationary bike stress testing, nuclear stress testing, and stress echocardiography. The specific type of test used depends on the patient's medical history, symptoms, and overall health status.

A confidence interval (CI) is a range of values that is likely to contain the true value of a population parameter with a certain level of confidence. It is commonly used in statistical analysis to express the uncertainty associated with estimates derived from sample data.

For example, if we calculate a 95% confidence interval for the mean height of a population based on a sample of individuals, we can say that we are 95% confident that the true population mean height falls within the calculated range. The width of the confidence interval gives us an idea of how precise our estimate is - narrower intervals indicate more precise estimates, while wider intervals suggest greater uncertainty.

Confidence intervals are typically calculated using statistical formulas that take into account the sample size, standard deviation, and level of confidence desired. They can be used to compare different groups or to evaluate the effectiveness of interventions in medical research.

Medical Definition:

"Risk factors" are any attribute, characteristic or exposure of an individual that increases the likelihood of developing a disease or injury. They can be divided into modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors. Modifiable risk factors are those that can be changed through lifestyle choices or medical treatment, while non-modifiable risk factors are inherent traits such as age, gender, or genetic predisposition. Examples of modifiable risk factors include smoking, alcohol consumption, physical inactivity, and unhealthy diet, while non-modifiable risk factors include age, sex, and family history. It is important to note that having a risk factor does not guarantee that a person will develop the disease, but rather indicates an increased susceptibility.

Myocardial infarction (MI), also known as a heart attack, is a medical condition characterized by the death of a segment of heart muscle (myocardium) due to the interruption of its blood supply. This interruption is most commonly caused by the blockage of a coronary artery by a blood clot formed on the top of an atherosclerotic plaque, which is a buildup of cholesterol and other substances in the inner lining of the artery.

The lack of oxygen and nutrients supply to the heart muscle tissue results in damage or death of the cardiac cells, causing the affected area to become necrotic. The extent and severity of the MI depend on the size of the affected area, the duration of the occlusion, and the presence of collateral circulation.

Symptoms of a myocardial infarction may include chest pain or discomfort, shortness of breath, nausea, lightheadedness, and sweating. Immediate medical attention is necessary to restore blood flow to the affected area and prevent further damage to the heart muscle. Treatment options for MI include medications, such as thrombolytics, antiplatelet agents, and pain relievers, as well as procedures such as percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG).

Physical fitness is a state of being able to perform various physical activities that require endurance, strength, flexibility, balance, and coordination. According to the American Heart Association (AHA), physical fitness is defined as "a set of attributes that people have or achieve that relates to the ability to perform physical activity."

The AHA identifies five components of physical fitness:

1. Cardiorespiratory endurance: The ability of the heart, lungs, and blood vessels to supply oxygen to muscles during sustained physical activity.
2. Muscular strength: The amount of force a muscle can exert in a single effort.
3. Muscular endurance: The ability of a muscle or group of muscles to sustain repeated contractions or to continue to apply force against an external resistance over time.
4. Flexibility: The range of motion possible at a joint.
5. Body composition: The proportion of fat-free mass (muscle, bone, and organs) to fat mass in the body.

Being physically fit can help reduce the risk of chronic diseases such as heart disease, diabetes, and some types of cancer. It can also improve mental health, increase energy levels, and enhance overall quality of life.

"Motor activity" is a general term used in the field of medicine and neuroscience to refer to any kind of physical movement or action that is generated by the body's motor system. The motor system includes the brain, spinal cord, nerves, and muscles that work together to produce movements such as walking, talking, reaching for an object, or even subtle actions like moving your eyes.

Motor activity can be voluntary, meaning it is initiated intentionally by the individual, or involuntary, meaning it is triggered automatically by the nervous system without conscious control. Examples of voluntary motor activity include deliberately lifting your arm or kicking a ball, while examples of involuntary motor activity include heartbeat, digestion, and reflex actions like jerking your hand away from a hot stove.

Abnormalities in motor activity can be a sign of neurological or muscular disorders, such as Parkinson's disease, cerebral palsy, or multiple sclerosis. Assessment of motor activity is often used in the diagnosis and treatment of these conditions.

Physical endurance is the ability of an individual to withstand and resist physical fatigue over prolonged periods of strenuous activity, exercise, or exertion. It involves the efficient functioning of various body systems, including the cardiovascular system (heart, blood vessels, and blood), respiratory system (lungs and airways), and musculoskeletal system (muscles, bones, tendons, ligaments, and cartilage).

Physical endurance is often measured in terms of aerobic capacity or stamina, which refers to the body's ability to supply oxygen to muscles during sustained physical activity. It can be improved through regular exercise, such as running, swimming, cycling, or weightlifting, that challenges the body's major muscle groups and raises the heart rate for extended periods.

Factors that influence physical endurance include genetics, age, sex, fitness level, nutrition, hydration, sleep quality, stress management, and overall health status. It is essential to maintain good physical endurance to perform daily activities efficiently, reduce the risk of chronic diseases, and enhance overall well-being.

Physical therapy modalities refer to the various forms of treatment that physical therapists use to help reduce pain, promote healing, and restore function to the body. These modalities can include:

1. Heat therapy: This includes the use of hot packs, paraffin baths, and infrared heat to increase blood flow, relax muscles, and relieve pain.
2. Cold therapy: Also known as cryotherapy, this involves the use of ice packs, cold compresses, or cooling gels to reduce inflammation, numb the area, and relieve pain.
3. Electrical stimulation: This uses electrical currents to stimulate nerves and muscles, which can help to reduce pain, promote healing, and improve muscle strength and function.
4. Ultrasound: This uses high-frequency sound waves to penetrate deep into tissues, increasing blood flow, reducing inflammation, and promoting healing.
5. Manual therapy: This includes techniques such as massage, joint mobilization, and stretching, which are used to improve range of motion, reduce pain, and promote relaxation.
6. Traction: This is a technique that uses gentle pulling on the spine or other joints to help relieve pressure and improve alignment.
7. Light therapy: Also known as phototherapy, this involves the use of low-level lasers or light-emitting diodes (LEDs) to promote healing and reduce pain and inflammation.
8. Therapeutic exercise: This includes a range of exercises that are designed to improve strength, flexibility, balance, and coordination, and help patients recover from injury or illness.

Physical therapy modalities are often used in combination with other treatments, such as manual therapy and therapeutic exercise, to provide a comprehensive approach to rehabilitation and pain management.

Physical education and training (PE/PT) is not a term typically used in medical terminology, but it generally refers to the process of teaching and learning physical skills, knowledge, and behaviors that contribute to an individual's overall health and well-being. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), physical education can be defined as:

"Education through physical activity that is planned, structured, and purposeful. It aims to develop and maintain physical competence, improve health and fitness, enhance personal and social skills, and promote enjoyment of physical activity."

Physical training, on the other hand, typically refers to a more focused and structured approach to improving physical fitness through exercise and other activities. Physical trainers or coaches may work with individuals or groups to develop specific training programs that target areas such as strength, flexibility, endurance, balance, and agility.

In medical contexts, PE/PT may be used to describe interventions aimed at improving physical function, reducing disability, or promoting overall health in patients with various medical conditions. For example, a physical therapy program might be prescribed for someone recovering from an injury or surgery, while a regular exercise routine might be recommended as part of a treatment plan for managing chronic diseases such as diabetes or heart disease.

Heart rate is the number of heartbeats per unit of time, often expressed as beats per minute (bpm). It can vary significantly depending on factors such as age, physical fitness, emotions, and overall health status. A resting heart rate between 60-100 bpm is generally considered normal for adults, but athletes and individuals with high levels of physical fitness may have a resting heart rate below 60 bpm due to their enhanced cardiovascular efficiency. Monitoring heart rate can provide valuable insights into an individual's health status, exercise intensity, and response to various treatments or interventions.

In the context of medicine and psychology, perception refers to the neurophysiological processes, cognitive abilities, and psychological experiences that enable an individual to interpret and make sense of sensory information from their environment. It involves the integration of various stimuli such as sight, sound, touch, taste, and smell to form a coherent understanding of one's surroundings, objects, events, or ideas.

Perception is a complex and active process that includes attention, pattern recognition, interpretation, and organization of sensory information. It can be influenced by various factors, including prior experiences, expectations, cultural background, emotional states, and cognitive biases. Alterations in perception may occur due to neurological disorders, psychiatric conditions, sensory deprivation or overload, drugs, or other external factors.

In a clinical setting, healthcare professionals often assess patients' perceptions of their symptoms, illnesses, or treatments to develop individualized care plans and improve communication and adherence to treatment recommendations.

Oxygen consumption, also known as oxygen uptake, is the amount of oxygen that is consumed or utilized by the body during a specific period of time, usually measured in liters per minute (L/min). It is a common measurement used in exercise physiology and critical care medicine to assess an individual's aerobic metabolism and overall health status.

In clinical settings, oxygen consumption is often measured during cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) to evaluate cardiovascular function, pulmonary function, and exercise capacity in patients with various medical conditions such as heart failure, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and other respiratory or cardiac disorders.

During exercise, oxygen is consumed by the muscles to generate energy through a process called oxidative phosphorylation. The amount of oxygen consumed during exercise can provide important information about an individual's fitness level, exercise capacity, and overall health status. Additionally, measuring oxygen consumption can help healthcare providers assess the effectiveness of treatments and rehabilitation programs in patients with various medical conditions.

Bicycling is defined in medical terms as the act of riding a bicycle. It involves the use of a two-wheeled vehicle that is propelled by pedaling, with the power being transferred to the rear wheel through a chain and sprocket system. Bicycling can be done for various purposes such as transportation, recreation, exercise, or sport.

Regular bicycling has been shown to have numerous health benefits, including improving cardiovascular fitness, increasing muscle strength and flexibility, reducing stress and anxiety, and helping with weight management. However, it is important to wear a helmet while bicycling to reduce the risk of head injury in case of an accident. Additionally, cyclists should follow traffic rules and be aware of their surroundings to ensure their safety and the safety of others on the road.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Sports" is not a medical term. It refers to physical activities that are governed by a set of rules and often engaged in competitively. However, there are fields such as Sports Medicine and Exercise Science that deal with various aspects of physical activity, fitness, and sports-related injuries or conditions. If you have any questions related to these areas, I'd be happy to try to help!

Dyspnea is defined as difficulty or discomfort in breathing, often described as shortness of breath. It can range from mild to severe, and may occur during rest, exercise, or at any time. Dyspnea can be caused by various medical conditions, including heart and lung diseases, anemia, and neuromuscular disorders. It is important to seek medical attention if experiencing dyspnea, as it can be a sign of a serious underlying condition.

Ergometry is a medical term that refers to the process of measuring the amount of work or energy expended by an individual during physical exercise. It is often used in clinical settings to assess cardiopulmonary function, functional capacity, and exercise tolerance in patients with various medical conditions such as heart disease, lung disease, and metabolic disorders.

Ergometry typically involves the use of specialized equipment, such as a treadmill or stationary bike, which is connected to a computer that measures and records various physiological parameters such as heart rate, blood pressure, oxygen consumption, and carbon dioxide production during exercise. The data collected during an ergometry test can help healthcare providers diagnose medical conditions, develop treatment plans, and monitor the effectiveness of interventions over time.

There are several types of ergometry tests, including:

1. Cardiopulmonary Exercise Testing (CPET): This is a comprehensive assessment that measures an individual's cardiovascular, respiratory, and metabolic responses to exercise. It typically involves the use of a treadmill or stationary bike and provides detailed information about an individual's functional capacity, exercise tolerance, and overall health status.
2. Stress Echocardiography: This is a type of ergometry test that uses ultrasound imaging to assess heart function during exercise. It involves the use of a treadmill or stationary bike and provides information about blood flow to the heart, wall motion abnormalities, and valve function.
3. Nuclear Stress Test: This is a type of ergometry test that uses radioactive tracers to assess heart function during exercise. It involves the use of a treadmill or stationary bike and provides information about blood flow to the heart, myocardial perfusion, and viability.
4. Six-Minute Walk Test: This is a simple ergometry test that measures an individual's distance walked in six minutes. It is often used to assess functional capacity and exercise tolerance in patients with chronic lung disease or heart failure.

Overall, ergometry is an important tool in the diagnosis and management of various medical conditions and can provide valuable information about an individual's health status and response to treatment.

... is the physical or perceived use of energy. Exertion traditionally connotes a strenuous or costly effort, resulting in ... Look up exertion in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Measuring Physical Activity Intensity: Perceived Exertion (Borg Rating of ... "Perceived Exertion (Borg Rating of Perceived Exertion Scale) , Physical Activity , CDC". www.cdc.gov. 2020-09-17. Retrieved ... A rating of perceived exertion, as measured by the RPE-scale, or Borg scale, is a quantitative measure of physical exertion. ...
... is a frequently used quantitative measure of perceived exertion during physical activity. In medicine this is used to document ... The Borg RPE scale is a numerical scale that ranges from 6 to 20, where 6 means "no exertion at all" and 20 means "maximal ... 6 - no exertion at all, relaxed 7 - extremely light 8 9 - very light 10 11 - light 12 - moderate 13 - somewhat hard 14 15 - ... "Measuring Physical Activity Intensity". CDC. 2019-02-18. Information about Gunnar Borg PhD MD hc. at Department of Psychology, ...
Miles, W.R. (1928). "Studies of physical exertion: I. A multiple chronograph for measuring groups of men". American Physical ... ISBN 978-0-313-29274-3. Miles, W. R.; Graves, B. C. (1931). "Studies in physical exertion: III. Effect of signal variation on ... His notable publications from his work with studying reaction time and physical exertion of football players: Miles, W. R.; ... Miles, W. R. (1931). "Studies in physical exertion: II. Individual and group reaction time in football charging". Research ...
Shortness of breath is often responsible for reduced physical activity and low levels of physical activity are associated with ... Chest tightness often follows exertion. Many people with more advanced COPD breathe through pursed lips, which can improve ... Host factors include a genetic susceptibility, factors associated with poverty, aging and physical inactivity. Asthma and ... giving advice as to healthy eating and encouraging physical exercise. Guidance is also advised as to managing breathlessness ...
It saved time and physical exertion. We could be more intricate, too. The song is also used in Pennies from Heaven, where ...
They are defined by mere physical exertion. The Quad figures are probably an image of how the Teletubbies will behave when they ...
Journal of Sports Medical Physical Fitness, 46, 425-430. Rejeski, W.J. (1985). Perceived exertion: An active or passive process ... In addition to making physical activity and exercise more enjoyable, athletes have used music as an ergogenic aid. Most of the ... Boutcher, S. & Trenske, M. (1990). The effects of sensory deprivation and music on perceived exertion and affect during ... Effect of music on perceived exertion, plasma lactate, norepinephrine and cardiovascular hemodynamics during treadmill running ...
Humans also desire to eliminate physical exertion. This can explain the shift to more sedentary lifestyles from occupational, ... Decreasing physical leisure activities can also be contributed to urbanization wherein access to fields needed to play such ... Weiler R, Stamatakis E, Blair S (May 2010). "Should health policy focus on physical activity rather than obesity? Yes". BMJ ( ... Major changes in economic structures from agrarian economies to industrialized economies are reducing physical activity levels ...
Filming lasted several months with great physical exertion. The working day was 12 hours, and 90% of the shooting period was ... To withstand loads almost like real astronauts, the actors underwent serious physical training. ...
... agility and physical exertion. The two teams needed to keep the ball on their side of the field as long as they could. Little ... Great are the exertion and fatigue attendant upon contests of ball-playing, and violent twisting and turning of the neck. Hence ... History of physical training and fitness Kirkwall Ba game La Soule Trigon Volata H. Harris, "Sport in Greece and Rome" (Thames ...
Activity - physical exertion contributing to a healthy lifestyle. • Service - collaborative and reciprocal engagement with the ...
The less physical exertion, the more PSPs recovered; a walking PC recovers 3 PSPs per hour, and a resting PC recovers twice as ...
The less physical exertion, the more PSPs recovered; a walking PC recovers 3 PSPs per hour, and a resting PC recovers twice as ... Psychometabolism Psychometabolism powers change the physical properties of some creature, thing, or condition. They include ...
The physical exertion of playing was taking its toll; by the end of the tour he had to be given oxygen after the shows and was ...
Significant physical exertion in hot conditions can generate heat beyond the ability to cool, because, in addition to the heat ... Almost all cases of heat cramps involve vigorous physical exertion. Body temperature may remain normal or a little higher than ... In cases of heat stress caused by physical exertion, hot environments, or protective equipment, prevention or mitigation by ... As physical work is performed, the body's natural thermoregulation (i.e. sweating) becomes ineffective. This is compounded by ...
Less exertion will reduce the risk by an unknown amount. Maintaining physical fitness: Exercise to maintain physical fitness ... Low exertion during the ingassing stage of the dive: This reduces circulation during ingassing, so it will take longer for ... Decompression algorithms assume and are tested at a high level of exertion, so the indicated decompression should be acceptably ... safe even when exertion is fairly intense. ...
The shock and physical exertion causes Karl's heart to stop. After ordering Leah out, Sue watches TV host Gloria Michaels' ...
Such debt must be repaid through physical or mental exertion. This idea did not exist in earlier bushido. Chinese writer Zhou ... However, Naoshige also suggests that "everyone should personally know exertion as it is known in the lower classes". By the mid ... Modern bushido focuses more on self-defense, fighting, sports, tournaments and just physical fitness training. While all of ...
Weakness is often relieved temporarily after exertion or physical exercise. High temperatures can worsen the symptoms. Weakness ...
The shortness of breath may occur with exertion or while lying down, and may wake people up during the night. Chest pain, ... Diagnosis is based on symptoms, physical findings, and echocardiography. Blood tests, and a chest x-ray may be useful to ... Physical examination may reveal pitting peripheral edema, ascites, liver enlargement, and spleen enlargement. Jugular venous ... A person with NYHA class IV heart failure is symptomatic at rest and becomes quite uncomfortable with any physical activity. ...
... undergoing physical training activities aimed at developing physical fitness and preparing them for the Individual Physical ... Exertion-related injuries sustained at an SADF basic training centre". South African Medical Journal = Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif ... The final PT Test is the Army Physical Fitness Test (APFT). Usually, a soldier needs to score at least 60 points in each APFT ... Throughout, the physical fitness of recruits is tested and developed, although evidence from Israel, Norway, South Africa, the ...
Abduction of the vocal cords is important during physical exertion. The vocal cords are separated by about 8 mm (0.31 in) ...
Under physical exertion, CAD induces chest pain, termed 'stable angina'. Stable angina may deteriorate into unstable angina, ... Thus, physical activity is essential in preventing PE. Diseases of arterial occlusion may progress into life-threatening ... This is often provoked with physical activity and relieved with rest. Pain and muscle aching may build up with walking, and ...
Training is designed to test and improve the physical fitness of recruits, although the heavy strain on the body also leads to ... Exertion-related injuries sustained at an SADF basic training centre". South African Medical Journal = Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif ... Gordon, N. F.; Hugo, E. P.; Cilliers, J. F. (1986-04-12). "The South African Defence Force physical training programme. Part ... In conditions of continuous physical and psychological stress, the trainee group normally forms a bond of mutual loyalty, ...
... talk of physical exertions. Stamp Corner Bird Scarer Magic using a Goose as a Distraction Notable FirePlaces of England First ...
During this time every mental exertion, even reading, was prohibited. When at last -thanks to the care of her husband- she ... Shortly before her marriage she fell into a state of physical prostration, which threatened to become permanent, and which in ...
Problems in suit performance include intense physical exertion, claustrophobia and hyperthermia. Costumed performers are a ...
While this is always observable in the physical sense it can be further categorised as being 'readiness for physical exertion' ... A readiness for physical exertion typically means that these effects are increased further in terms of their intensity and ... This is when a person prepares themself for significant physical exertion. For example, before a sportsperson begins to play, ... In addition to physical distance, the level of intimacy between conversants can be determined by "socio-petal socio-fugal axis ...
He believes that "opportunity is important but exertion is indispensable" (p553). It is not luck that makes a man a self-made ... man, but considerable physical and mental effort. Douglass underlines the importance of hard work as a necessary means to ...
The physical frame is capable of great and long-continued exertion. Their mental capacity renders them incapable of successful ... his inquiry into the physical, mental, and moral development of the negro race seems to point them clearly, as peculiarly ...
... is a way of measuring physical activity intensity level. Learn more... ... The Borg Rating of Perceived Exertion (RPE) is a way of measuring physical activity intensity level. Perceived exertion is how ... Benefits of Physical Activityplus icon *Physical Activity and Cancer. *Health Benefits of Physical Activity for Children, ... Adding Physical Activity to Your Lifeplus icon *Making Physical Activity a Part of a Childs Life ...
Physical recovery is a very complex subject, involving several aspects of life. It has also elicited many myths and ... How can you adequately recover from physical exertion?. Physical recovery is a very complex subject, involving several aspects ... Fluid loss occurs mainly through the skin after physical exertion. This fluid must be replaced for proper recovery and to avoid ... Unfortunately, stretching a muscle immediately after physical exertion carries no benefits for recovery. On the contrary, it ...
Exertion is the physical or perceived use of energy. Exertion traditionally connotes a strenuous or costly effort, resulting in ... Look up exertion in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Measuring Physical Activity Intensity: Perceived Exertion (Borg Rating of ... "Perceived Exertion (Borg Rating of Perceived Exertion Scale) , Physical Activity , CDC". www.cdc.gov. 2020-09-17. Retrieved ... A rating of perceived exertion, as measured by the RPE-scale, or Borg scale, is a quantitative measure of physical exertion. ...
... Akinogal 03.12.2023 2 комментариев к записи ... 2 thoughts on "Hydration for staying hydrated during extended periods of physical exertion" * Dishicage: ... Hydration for staying hydrated during extended periods of physical exertion - You also need to keep tabs on your water intake ... Hydration for staying hydrated during extended periods of physical exertion. Hydration Before, During & After A Workout , ...
As we now know, immunity is tethered to innumerable biological processes in the body from mood to physical performance, it is ... PILLARs Immune Range is here to support your physical and mental wellbeing with clinically backed, and well-tolerated blends ... As you can imagine, this has significant negative implications on the physical and mental performance of athletes whose ... Systemic inflammation also negatively impacts recovery, particularly after exertion and exercise, as resources that would ...
Kocur M, Henze N, Schwind V. Towards an Investigation of Avatars Sweat Effects during Physical Exertion in Virtual Reality. ... Towards an Investigation of Avatars Sweat Effects during Physical Exertion in Virtual Reality. / Kocur, Martin; Henze, Niels; ... Kocur, M, Henze, N & Schwind, V 2021, Towards an Investigation of Avatars Sweat Effects during Physical Exertion in Virtual ... Kocur, M., Henze, N., & Schwind, V. (2021). Towards an Investigation of Avatars Sweat Effects during Physical Exertion in ...
... you may be experiencing an exertion headache. This type of headache can be brought on by intense physical activities, causing ... Exertion headaches. If youve been throwing weight around the gym (or around the bedroom) and you have a pounding headache on ... Over time, with repeated physical activity, these headaches could become longer. Its best to see a doctor to rule out any ... Primary exertion headache. (n.d.).. https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/health/conditions-and-diseases/headache/primary-exertion- ...
exercise and heavy physical exertion. *use of caffeine, nicotine, alcohol, or narcotics ... and other physical responses. These should be temporary sensations. ...
1 Department of Physical Therapy, Medical College of Georgia, CH-100, Augusta, GA 30912, United States. [email protected] ... Physical Exertion / physiology* * Reproducibility of Results * Sensitivity and Specificity ...
Rating of perceived exertion. Property. Score. Time. Pt. System. ^Patient. Scale. Ord. Method. Additional Names. Short Name. ... Freq aerobic physical activity. Consumer Name Alpha Get Info. Frequency of moderate to vigorous aerobic physical activity in ... 82294-0 Physical activity guideline used. Fully-Specified Name. Component. Physical activity guideline used. Property. Type. ... Physical activity panel Active 30525-0 Age. Fully-Specified Name. Component. Age. Property. Time. Time. Pt. System. ^Patient. ...
Mental or physical stress -- Many people with ME/CFS have been under serious mental or physical stress before becoming ill. ... Symptoms can come and go in cycles, and even when people feel better, they may experience a relapse triggered by exertion or an ... Mild physical exercise may also be helpful. Your health care team will help you figure out how much activity you can do, and ... ME/CFS symptoms can become worse after physical or mental activity. This is called post-exertional malaise (PEM), also known as ...
She was an avid rock climber and physical trainer who competed in bodybuilding contests. She told me about her paleo diet. None ... Excessive or inadequate exercise and physical exertion. *. Poor nourishment. *. Increased exposure to wind and cold ...
"Rutas foot has been hurting for several months during heavy physical exertion. After carrying out the tests, we found damage ...
Health and Physical Education , Educational Songs educational videos for College Students, High School Students, Middle Schools ... There is less awareness of exertion when music is around. This is a type of distraction that makes people productive. In fact, ... Elementary , Health and Physical Education , Educational Songs Videos More Elementary Videos. More Health and Physical ... but it does show signs of aiding humans in physical exercise. There is a lot of theories surrounding the positive effects of ...
Mental exertion [1-5] 5 Physical exertion [1-5] 5 Good race? Yes ...
Physical exertion is required.. Instructions to Apply. Equal Opportunity Employer: Minorities/Women/Protected Veterans/Disabled ... Physical demands; while performing this positions duties, the employee must regularly lift and/or move 75 pounds or more. ...
Physical Exertion: Extreme Region: Africa Sub-Region: Eastern Africa Languages Spoken: Afar - (aar); Beja - (bej); Bilin - (byn ...
Physical Exertion: Low Region: Asia Sub-Region: Western Asia Languages Spoken: Bengali - (ben); Dari - (prs); Egyptian Arabic ...
... that involve physical exertion to address shortness of breath. The Job Accommodation Network has information on a variety of ... Physical or Mental Impairment: Under the ADA, a physical impairment includes any physiological disorder or condition affecting ... Measures that an employer may be taking in general to protect all workers, such as mandatory physical distancing, also would be ... "Actual" Disability: The person has a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits a major life activity (such as ...
lactate, a biomarker of physical exertion,. *caffeine and alcohol in sweat, and ... "Each sensor provides a separate picture of a physical or chemical change. Integrating them all in one wearable patch allows us ... Additionally, monitoring lactate while exercising also could be beneficial since physical activity influences the bodys ...
... physical exertion; fatigue; task complexity that diverts workers attention; individual differences; work experience and ... Research-supported improvements in the visual and physical characteristics of the roof work environment, the construction ...
He complained mainly of weakness on exertion and chest pain. Physical examination revealed unremarkable vital signs and ... Physical findings were otherwise unremarkable and showed no stigmata of infective endocarditis. TTE revealed the presence of a ... On physical examination, she was afebrile and exhibited tachypnea and orthopnea. Cardiac examination revealed a grade 4/6 harsh ... Her physical examination revealed a grade 2/6 continuous cardiac murmur and splenomegaly but no stigmata of infective ...
And physical exertion cannot be completely avoided. Thats why it remains important to prevent harmful stress and prevent ... Physical strain. The Spinewalk. Check your back: the Spinewalk increases your sensitivity for challenging stituations in work ...
... even without physical exertion. In both SCT and disease, significant physical exertion increases risk of sickle cell crisis at ... Unfortunately, exertion considerably worsens HAPE, so exertion by the sick person should be minimized during descent, if at all ... Physical fitness at sea level does not influence the risk of altitude illness. Travelers should know the early symptoms of ... Individuals who do not engage in physical activity at low elevations should not do so at high elevations. The ability to hike ...
Avoid physical exertion in the hottest parts of the day. *Wear light, loose fitting cotton clothes ...
Some of these symptoms can be triggered by physical exertion. In some people, HCM may increase risk of heart failure or stroke. ...
Exertion injuries due to sports and physical exercise. A clinical and statistical study of nontraumatic overuse injuries of the ... A training session was defined as any coach directed scheduled physical activity carried out with the team. A match was defined ...
Current physical exertion or overexertion e. Activity that causes increased heart rate from physical exertion. EXAMPLES: ... CODE 10 PHYSICAL STRESS Any activity requiring intense physical exertion as evidenced by increased heart rate, muscle aching or ... b. Activity that causes increased heart rate from physical exertion, code 10. c. Any work position that is uncomfortable due to ... Physical stress from vibration, code 13. CODE 11 MENTAL STRESS Any activity causing intense mental exertion or conflict on a ...
  • Ruta's foot has been hurting for several months during heavy physical exertion. (thestar.com.my)
  • As you exercise you can rate your perceived exertion using several anchors. (cdc.gov)
  • citation needed] Exertion, physiologically, can be described by the initiation of exercise, or, intensive and exhaustive physical activity that causes cardiovascular stress or a sympathetic nervous response. (wikipedia.org)
  • In sport psychology, the perceived exertion of an exercise is how hard it seems to the person doing it. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although this is a psychological measure of effort, it tends to correspond fairly well to the actual physical exertion of an exercise as well. (wikipedia.org)
  • Systemic inflammation also negatively impacts recovery, particularly after exertion and exercise, as resources that would typically be utilised to facilitate healing are depleted. (pillarperformance.eu)
  • Global evidence suggests that many women engage in low levels of physical activity (PA) and exercise during pregnancy despite its beneficial effects. (springer.com)
  • Step one in making our exercise holy is receiving it as the gift it is, not taking bodily movement and physical expenditures for granted, but explicitly thanking God. (desiringgod.org)
  • Our exercise and exertions will not be holy if we think about our bodies in ways that are not true, in subtle and overt lies not in accord with what God has revealed (and our society is teeming with them today). (desiringgod.org)
  • Music may not really have a long term effect on humans, especially in areas like memory, but it does show signs of aiding humans in physical exercise. (teachertube.com)
  • At the end of warm-up and each exercise stage, participants were asked to rate their perceived exertion using the Borg scale. (cdc.gov)
  • The aim of this study was to explore the effects of a low dose (LD) of 0.625 mg and a high dose (HD) of 2.5 mg of phenylcapsaicin (PC) on full squat (SQ) performance, active muscle (RPE-AM) and overall body (RPE-OB) ratings of perceived exertion, muscle damage, protein breakdown, metabolic response, and 24-h recovery in comparison to placebo (PLA). (bvsalud.org)
  • The Borg Rating of Perceived Exertion (RPE) is a way of measuring physical activity intensity level. (cdc.gov)
  • Although this is a subjective measure, your exertion rating based on a 6 to 20 rating scale, may provide a fairly good estimate of your actual heart rate during physical activity* (Borg, 1998). (cdc.gov)
  • Practitioners generally agree that perceived exertion ratings between 12 to 14 on the Borg Scale suggests that physical activity is being performed at a moderate level of intensity. (cdc.gov)
  • On the other hand, if he felt his exertion was "extremely hard" (19 on the Borg Scale), he would need to slow down his movements to achieve the moderate-intensity range. (cdc.gov)
  • so a person's exertion rating may provide a fairly good estimate of the actual heart rate during activity (Borg, 1998). (cdc.gov)
  • The Borg Rating of Perceived Exertion is also the preferred method to assess intensity among those individuals who take medications that affect heart rate or pulse. (cdc.gov)
  • A rating of perceived exertion, as measured by the RPE-scale, or Borg scale, is a quantitative measure of physical exertion. (wikipedia.org)
  • Perceived exertion is often rated on the Borg scale of 6 to 20, where 6 is complete rest and 20 is the maximum effort that an individual can sustain for any period of time. (wikipedia.org)
  • Muscular energy reserves, or stores for biomechanical exertion, stem from metabolic, immediate production of ATP and increased oxygen consumption. (wikipedia.org)
  • A well-studied set of biomechanical (physical) stressors contributes to the development of MSDs. (cdc.gov)
  • Often in health, exertion of oneself resulting in cardiovascular stress showed reduced physiological responses, like cortisol levels and mood, to stressors. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed] Perceived exertion can be explained as subjective, perceived experience that mediates response to somatic sensations and mechanisms. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mental or physical stress -- Many people with ME/CFS have been under serious mental or physical stress before becoming ill. (medlineplus.gov)
  • ME/CFS symptoms can become worse after physical or mental activity. (medlineplus.gov)
  • During pregnancy and the postnatal period many changes occur in a woman's body, both in mental and physical spheres. (mdpi.com)
  • It is based on the physical sensations a person experiences during physical activity, including increased heart rate, increased respiration or breathing rate, increased sweating, and muscle fatigue. (cdc.gov)
  • Unfortunately, stretching a muscle immediately after physical exertion carries no benefits for recovery. (jeancoutu.com)
  • Muscular exertion generated depends on the muscle length and the velocity at which it is able to shorten, or contract. (wikipedia.org)
  • These reports identify heat stress, dehydration, viral illness, and poor physical conditioning as factors which may contribute to exertional rhabdomyolysis and sudden death, suggesting multifactorial etiology. (astm.org)
  • Directly measured minutes of vigorous occupational physical activity were significant and positively correlated with self-reported fatigue. (cdc.gov)
  • In physics, exertion is the expenditure of energy against, or inductive of, inertia as described by Isaac Newton's third law of motion. (wikipedia.org)
  • The aim of the study was to compare and relate the energy expenditure and the amount and intensity of physical effort during a Zumba fitness class in women with different Body Mass Index (BMI). (uandes.cl)
  • CONCLUSIONS: These results show that a higher BMI is associated with a lower intensity of effort, energy expenditure and amount of physical activity during a one-hour Zumba class, restricting to overweight and obese women to achieving the effort parameters recommended to control weight and improve cardiovascular fitness. (uandes.cl)
  • Therefore, biological exertion is effective in mediating psychological exertion, responsive to environmental stress. (wikipedia.org)
  • Exploratory factor analysis showed 3 meaningful factors that could explain support, psychological job demands and physical loads and hazard exposure. (who.int)
  • Some patients with atypical presentation, incomplete weakness, and some inconsistencies in their physical examination are frequently diagnosed as having a psychological reaction or hysteria, and the diagnosis is very difficult. (medscape.com)
  • Exertion is limited by cumulative load and repetitive motions. (wikipedia.org)
  • The first step of nursing care is the nursing assessment, during which the nurse will gather physical, psychosocial, emotional, and diagnostic data. (nursetogether.com)
  • Check out Target Heart Rate and Estimated Maximum Heart Rate to determine if your heart rate is within the target zone during physical activity. (cdc.gov)
  • Note that this calculation is only an approximation of heart rate, and the actual heart rate can vary quite a bit depending on age and physical condition. (cdc.gov)
  • Exertion requires, of the body, modified oxygen uptake, increased heart rate, and autonomic monitoring of blood lactate concentrations. (wikipedia.org)
  • It's been proved that as we're thinking, we're burning calories at a rate similar to doing an activity that requires physical exertion. (albertleatribune.com)
  • Participants are excluded from this component based on medical conditions, medications, physical limitations, limits on heart rate and blood pressure, and irregular heart rates. (cdc.gov)
  • One way of checking physical activity intensity is to determine whether your pulse or heart rate is within the target zone during physical activity. (cdc.gov)
  • For moderate-intensity physical activity , your target heart rate should be between 64% and 76% 1 , 2 of your maximum heart rate. (cdc.gov)
  • This shows that moderate-intensity physical activity for a 50-year-old person will require that the heart rate remains between 109 and 129 bpm during physical activity. (cdc.gov)
  • For vigorous-intensity physical activity , your target heart rate should be between 77% and 93% 1 , 2 of your maximum heart rate. (cdc.gov)
  • As we now know, immunity is tethered to innumerable biological processes in the body from mood to physical performance, it is an inextricably linked component. (pillarperformance.eu)
  • The study aims at assessing the relationship between physical activity during pregnancy and puerperium or in the postpartum and the development of postnatal depression. (mdpi.com)
  • These include a rating of 6 perceiving "no exertion at all" to 20 perceiving a "maximal exertion" of effort. (cdc.gov)
  • Mediators of physical exertion include cardio-respiratory and musculoskeletal strength, as well as metabolic capability. (wikipedia.org)
  • If you've been throwing weight around the gym (or around the bedroom) and you have a pounding headache on the sides of your head, you may be experiencing an exertion headache. (greatist.com)
  • This type of headache can be brought on by intense physical activities, causing that throbbing sensation. (greatist.com)
  • For migraine or tension headache in pediatric patients, a thorough history and physical examination usually suffice. (medscape.com)
  • Physical recovery is a very complex subject, involving several aspects of life. (jeancoutu.com)
  • Whether it involves working out, physical activity or physical labour, proper recovery is essential to improve performance and minimize the risks of injury. (jeancoutu.com)
  • From the outset, poor sleep causes less-than-optimal recovery, reduces physical ability and increases the risks of injury. (jeancoutu.com)
  • To calculate the amount of fluid you should drink for proper recovery, you have to weigh yourself before and after physical activity. (jeancoutu.com)
  • Results-- From the directly measured physical activity, the average number per participant of moderate minutes of occupational physical activity and physical activity outside of work obtained in short bouts were 243 minutes (65%) and 130 minutes (35%), respectively. (cdc.gov)
  • As illustrated in the Alert, a firefighter's compromised physical fitness combined with work-related exposures and physical demands known to trigger sudden cardiac events can have deadly outcomes. (cdc.gov)
  • The good news is that physical activity can help to reduce stress! (jeancoutu.com)
  • Events such as giving a public presentation, swerving to avoid an accident on the road, and other brief moments of stress may trigger heart palpitations, sweating, nausea, and other physical responses. (healthline.com)
  • RéSumé Le stress représente un problème de santé au travail de plus en plus important, même dans les pays en développement comme la République islamique d'Iran. (who.int)
  • These chairs combined aesthetics and function, benefiting those who would care for others, by reducing physical exertion and stress needed when assisting others. (cdc.gov)
  • 3. Execute a complete physical examination if possible. (nursetogether.com)
  • A thorough physical examination is crucial for ruling out other conditions whose symptoms can be mistaken for peritonitis. (nursetogether.com)
  • The participants often strive to be in good physical shape so they can mentally endure long matches. (albertleatribune.com)
  • Conclusions-- Among commercial construction workers, physical activity from work contributes significantly, approximately 2/3, towards a workers total amount of weekly minutes of moderate physical activity. (cdc.gov)
  • Perceived exertion is how hard you feel like your body is working. (cdc.gov)
  • Based on gender, age, body mass index, and self-reported level of physical activity, participants are assigned to one of eight treadmill test protocols. (cdc.gov)
  • Exertion traditionally connotes a strenuous or costly effort, resulting in generation of force, initiation of motion, or in the performance of work. (wikipedia.org)
  • Physical activity (PA) as a modifiable health risk factor has been shown to contribute to the maternal health of women and their offspring. (springer.com)
  • Earlier studies have alluded to the benefits of physical activity for the improvement of maternal health of the mother and the baby. (springer.com)
  • Construction work is physically demanding yet it might not confer the health benefits associated with physical activities. (cdc.gov)
  • Research-supported improvements in the visual and physical characteristics of the roof work environment, the construction materials and methods, and work procedures and practices may result in improved workers' balance control as well as overall safety performance, and would ultimately reduce incidents of falling from a roof. (cdc.gov)
  • Objective-- Characterize the number of minutes of moderate and vigorous physical activity at work and outside of work during seven consecutive days, in a sample of 55 commercial construction workers. (cdc.gov)
  • The ability to do work can be either positive or negative depending on the direction of exertion relative to gravity. (wikipedia.org)
  • Additionally, because a high perceived exertion can limit an athlete's ability to perform, some people try to decrease this number through strategies like breathing exercises and listening to music. (wikipedia.org)
  • There is less awareness of exertion when music is around. (teachertube.com)
  • If there is a deeply rooted myth in the world of physical fitness, it is certainly the one surrounding stretching. (jeancoutu.com)
  • BACKGROUND: One of the most popular expressions of massive group classes of aerobic physical activity is Zumba fitness. (uandes.cl)
  • Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness , 58 (1-2), 113-119. (uandes.cl)
  • Physical Education and Sport 6(1), 67 - 74. (bvsalud.org)
  • The weight difference in kilograms x 1.5 will give you the amount of fluid you should drink in the hours following physical activity. (jeancoutu.com)
  • Limit physical exertion. (ucl.ac.uk)
  • In general, stay indoors or in the shade and limit your physical activity. (ucl.ac.uk)
  • Exertion often results in force generated, a contributing dynamic of general motion. (wikipedia.org)
  • We describe three young black individuals with no significant past medical history who died following physical exertion. (astm.org)
  • This is a real disease, with real physical manifestations that need to be identified and cared for," Committee Chair Ellen Wright Clayton, MD, JD, professor of pediatrics and director of the Center for Biomedical Ethics and Society at Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee, told Medscape Medical News . (medscape.com)