A field of study concerned with the principles and processes governing the geographic distributions of genealogical lineages, especially those within and among closely related species. (Avise, J.C., Phylogeography: The History and Formation of Species. Harvard University Press, 2000)
The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
Double-stranded DNA of MITOCHONDRIA. In eukaryotes, the mitochondrial GENOME is circular and codes for ribosomal RNAs, transfer RNAs, and about 10 proteins.
Cytochromes of the b group that have alpha-band absorption of 563-564 nm. They occur as subunits in MITOCHONDRIAL ELECTRON TRANSPORT COMPLEX III.
Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.
The change in gene frequency in a population due to migration of gametes or individuals (ANIMAL MIGRATION) across population barriers. In contrast, in GENETIC DRIFT the cause of gene frequency changes are not a result of population or gamete movement.
The genetic constitution of individuals with respect to one member of a pair of allelic genes, or sets of genes that are closely linked and tend to be inherited together such as those of the MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX.
The discipline studying genetic composition of populations and effects of factors such as GENETIC SELECTION, population size, MUTATION, migration, and GENETIC DRIFT on the frequencies of various GENOTYPES and PHENOTYPES using a variety of GENETIC TECHNIQUES.
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of CHLOROPLASTS.
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
An animal or plant species in danger of extinction. Causes can include human activity, changing climate, or change in predator/prey ratios.
Geological formations consisting of underground enclosures with access from the surface.
The process of cumulative change at the level of DNA; RNA; and PROTEINS, over successive generations.
Events and activities of the Earth and its structures.
The geographical area of Asia comprising KAZAKHSTAN; KYRGYZSTAN; TAJIKISTAN; TURKMENISTAN; and UZBEKISTAN. The desert region of Kara Kum (Qara Qum) is largely in Turkmenistan and the desert region of Kyzyl Kum (Kizil Kum or Qizil Qum), is in Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p233, 590, 636)
A plant family of the order Sapindales, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida which is a small family of small trees and shrubs growing in arid and warm regions.
The splitting of an ancestral species into daughter species that coexist in time (King, Dictionary of Genetics, 6th ed). Causal factors may include geographic isolation, HABITAT geometry, migration, REPRODUCTIVE ISOLATION, random GENETIC DRIFT and MUTATION.
A theorem in probability theory named for Thomas Bayes (1702-1761). In epidemiology, it is used to obtain the probability of disease in a group of people with some characteristic on the basis of the overall rate of that disease and of the likelihood of that characteristic in healthy and diseased individuals. The most familiar application is in clinical decision analysis where it is used for estimating the probability of a particular diagnosis given the appearance of some symptoms or test result.
Periodic movements of animals in response to seasonal changes or reproductive instinct. Hormonal changes are the trigger in at least some animals. Most migrations are made for reasons of climatic change, feeding, or breeding.
A process by which animals in various forms and stages of development are physically distributed through time and space.
A variety of simple repeat sequences that are distributed throughout the GENOME. They are characterized by a short repeat unit of 2-8 basepairs that is repeated up to 100 times. They are also known as short tandem repeats (STRs).
Fish-eating carnivores of the family MUSTELIDAE, found on both hemispheres.
Scattered islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The chief islands are the Balearic Islands (belong to Spain; Majorca and Minorca are among these), Corsica (belongs to France), Crete (belongs to Greece), CYPRUS (a republic), the Cyclades, Dodecanese and Ionian Islands (belong to Greece), MALTA (a republic), Sardinia and SICILY (belong to Italy). (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p747)
The MEDITERRANEAN SEA, the MEDITERRANEAN ISLANDS, and the countries bordering on the sea collectively.
The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.
The pattern of any process, or the interrelationship of phenomena, which affects growth or change within a population.
An autonomous region located in central Asia, within China.
A subfamily in the family MURIDAE, comprising the Old World MICE and RATS.
The name of two islands of the West Indies, separated by a narrow channel. Their capital is Basse-Terre. They were discovered by Columbus in 1493, occupied by the French in 1635, held by the British at various times between 1759 and 1813, transferred to Sweden in 1813, and restored to France in 1816. Its status was changed from colony to a French overseas department in 1946. Columbus named it in honor of the monastery of Santa Maria de Guadalupe in Spain. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p470 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p221)
An independent state in the West Indies. Its capital is Castries. It was probably discovered by Columbus in 1502 and first settled by the English in 1605. Contended for by the French and English in the 17th century, it was regarded as neutral in 1748 but changed hands many times in the wars of the 19th century. It became a self-governing state in association with Great Britain in 1967 and achieved independence in 1979. Columbus named it for the day on which he discovered it, the feast of St. Lucy, a Sicilian virgin martyr. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1051 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p477)
Numerous islands in the Indian Ocean situated east of Madagascar, north to the Arabian Sea and east to Sri Lanka. Included are COMOROS (republic), MADAGASCAR (republic), Maldives (republic), MAURITIUS (parliamentary democracy), Pemba (administered by Tanzania), REUNION (a department of France), and SEYCHELLES (republic).
Genes that are located on the MITOCHONDRIAL DNA. Mitochondrial inheritance is often referred to as maternal inheritance but should be differentiated from maternal inheritance that is transmitted chromosomally.
A genus of SEA URCHINS in the family Arbaciidae. They have only one spheridium (stalked body) per ambulacral area (contains tube feet); most sea urchins have several spheridia per area.
The most diversified of all fish orders and the largest vertebrate order. It includes many of the commonly known fish such as porgies, croakers, sunfishes, dolphin fish, mackerels, TUNA, etc.
The species Panthera tigris, a large feline inhabiting Asia. Several subspecies exist including the Siberian tiger and Sumatran tiger.
The human male sex chromosome, being the differential sex chromosome carried by half the male gametes and none of the female gametes in humans.
The detection of RESTRICTION FRAGMENT LENGTH POLYMORPHISMS by selective PCR amplification of restriction fragments derived from genomic DNA followed by electrophoretic analysis of the amplified restriction fragments.
The geographical designation for the countries of the MIDDLE EAST and the countries BANGLADESH; BHUTAN; INDIA; NEPAL; PAKISTAN; and SRI LANKA. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, 1993 & Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988)
The area that lies between continental North and South America and comprises the Caribbean Sea, the West Indies, and the adjacent mainland regions of southern Mexico, Central America, Colombia, and Venezuela.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
The geographic area of the northwestern region of the United States. The states usually included in this region are Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, and Wyoming.
Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.
The largest of the continents. It was known to the Romans more specifically as what we know today as Asia Minor. The name comes from at least two possible sources: from the Assyrian asu (to rise) or from the Sanskrit usa (dawn), both with reference to its being the land of the rising sun, i.e., eastern as opposed to Europe, to the west. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p82 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p34)
A genus of aquatic newts in the Salamandridae family. During breeding season many Triturus males have a dorsal crest which also serves as an accessory respiratory organ. One of the common Triturus species is Triturus cristatus (crested newt).
A region, north-central Asia, largely in Russia. It extends from the Ural Mountains to the Pacific Ocean and from the Arctic Ocean to central Kazakhstan and the borders of China and Mongolia.
The family of true frogs of the order Anura. The family occurs worldwide except in Antarctica.
A plant genus of the family POACEAE. The seed is one of the EDIBLE GRAINS used in millet cereals and in feed for birds and livestock (ANIMAL FEED). It contains diosgenin (SAPONINS).
Tracts of land completely surrounded by water.
The period of history before 500 of the common era.
Genes whose entire sequences are contained within other genes.
Functions constructed from a statistical model and a set of observed data which give the probability of that data for various values of the unknown model parameters. Those parameter values that maximize the probability are the maximum likelihood estimates of the parameters.
The geographical area of Africa comprising ALGERIA; EGYPT; LIBYA; MOROCCO; and TUNISIA. It includes also the vast deserts and oases of the Sahara. It is often referred to as North Africa, French-speaking Africa, or the Maghreb. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p856)
A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The protection, preservation, restoration, and rational use of all resources in the total environment.
Water containing no significant amounts of salts, such as water from RIVERS and LAKES.
A class of minute animals of the phylum Aschelminthes.
Marine, freshwater, or terrestrial mollusks of the class Gastropoda. Most have an enclosing spiral shell, and several genera harbor parasites pathogenic to man.
One of the largest orders of mostly marine CRUSTACEA, containing over 10,000 species. Like AMPHIPODA, the other large order in the superorder Peracarida, members are shrimp-like in appearance, have sessile compound eyes, and no carapace. But unlike Amphipoda, they possess abdominal pleopods (modified as gills) and their bodies are dorsoventrally flattened.
A thick mass of ICE formed over large regions of land; RIVERS; LAKES; ponds; or SEAWATER.
A widely distributed order of perching BIRDS, including more than half of all bird species.
A multisubunit enzyme complex containing CYTOCHROME A GROUP; CYTOCHROME A3; two copper atoms; and 13 different protein subunits. It is the terminal oxidase complex of the RESPIRATORY CHAIN and collects electrons that are transferred from the reduced CYTOCHROME C GROUP and donates them to molecular OXYGEN, which is then reduced to water. The redox reaction is simultaneously coupled to the transport of PROTONS across the inner mitochondrial membrane.
A class in the phylum MOLLUSCA comprised of SNAILS and slugs. The former have coiled external shells and the latter usually lack shells.
An order of the Amphibia class which includes salamanders and newts. They are characterized by usually having slim bodies and tails, four limbs of about equal size (except in Sirenidae), and a reduction in skull bones.
The region of southwest Asia and northeastern Africa usually considered as extending from Libya on the west to Afghanistan on the east. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988)
A family of terrestrial carnivores with long, slender bodies, long tails, and anal scent glands. They include badgers, weasels, martens, FERRETS; MINKS; wolverines, polecats, and OTTERS.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of genetic processes or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
The Arctic Ocean and the lands in it and adjacent to it. It includes Point Barrow, Alaska, most of the Franklin District in Canada, two thirds of Greenland, Svalbard, Franz Josef Land, Lapland, Novaya Zemlya, and Northern Siberia. (Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p66)
A set of statistical methods used to group variables or observations into strongly inter-related subgroups. In epidemiology, it may be used to analyze a closely grouped series of events or cases of disease or other health-related phenomenon with well-defined distribution patterns in relation to time or place or both.
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of plants.
The family of carnivorous or omnivorous bears, having massive bodies, coarse heavy fur, relatively short limbs, and almost rudimentary tails.
The longterm manifestations of WEATHER. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
A body of water covering approximately one-fifth of the total ocean area of the earth, extending amidst Africa in the west, Australia in the east, Asia in the north, and Antarctica in the south. Including the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf, it constitutes the third largest ocean after the ATLANTIC OCEAN and the PACIFIC OCEAN. (New Encyclopaedia Britannica Micropaedia, 15th ed, 1990, p289)
The variety of all native living organisms and their various forms and interrelationships.
A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.
The process of leaving one's country to establish residence in a foreign country.
Any significant change in measures of climate (such as temperature, precipitation, or wind) lasting for an extended period (decades or longer). It may result from natural factors such as changes in the sun's intensity, natural processes within the climate system such as changes in ocean circulation, or human activities.
The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
A family of freshwater fish comprising the minnows or CARPS.
A family of hardbacked TICKS, in the subclass ACARI. Genera include DERMACENTOR and IXODES among others.
Large natural streams of FRESH WATER formed by converging tributaries and which empty into a body of water (lake or ocean).
Common name for perch-like fish of the family Cichlidae, belonging to the suborder Labroidei, order PERCIFORMES.
INSECTS of the order Coleoptera, containing over 350,000 species in 150 families. They possess hard bodies and their mouthparts are adapted for chewing.
The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.
A climate which is typical of equatorial and tropical regions, i.e., one with continually high temperatures with considerable precipitation, at least during part of the year. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Order of mammals whose members are adapted for flight. It includes bats, flying foxes, and fruit bats.
The branch of science concerned with the interrelationship of organisms and their ENVIRONMENT, especially as manifested by natural cycles and rhythms, community development and structure, interactions between different kinds of organisms, geographic distributions, and population alterations. (Webster's, 3d ed)
The fluctuation of the ALLELE FREQUENCY from one generation to the next.
Woody, usually tall, perennial higher plants (Angiosperms, Gymnosperms, and some Pterophyta) having usually a main stem and numerous branches.
A group of cold-blooded, aquatic vertebrates having gills, fins, a cartilaginous or bony endoskeleton, and elongated bodies covered with scales.
Specific regions that are mapped within a GENOME. Genetic loci are usually identified with a shorthand notation that indicates the chromosome number and the position of a specific band along the P or Q arm of the chromosome where they are found. For example the locus 6p21 is found within band 21 of the P-arm of CHROMOSOME 6. Many well known genetic loci are also known by common names that are associated with a genetic function or HEREDITARY DISEASE.
Number of individuals in a population relative to space.
The intergenic DNA segments that are between the ribosomal RNA genes (internal transcribed spacers) and between the tandemly repeated units of rDNA (external transcribed spacers and nontranscribed spacers).
A phenotypically recognizable genetic trait which can be used to identify a genetic locus, a linkage group, or a recombination event.

Genetic differentiation between resistance phenotypes in the phytophagous flea beetle, Phyllotreta nemorum. (1/1089)

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Sharp phylogeographic breaks and patterns of genealogical concordance in the brine shrimp Artemia franciscana. (2/1089)

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The diverse applications of cladistic analysis of molecular evolution, with special reference to nested clade analysis. (3/1089)

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Introgression in peripheral populations and colonization shape the genetic structure of the coastal shrub Armeria pungens. (4/1089)

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Seewis virus: phylogeography of a shrew-borne hantavirus in Siberia, Russia. (5/1089)

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Mitochondrial DNA variation in the malaria vector Anopheles minimus across China, Thailand and Vietnam: evolutionary hypothesis, population structure and population history. (6/1089)

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Disentangling phylogeography, polyploid evolution and taxonomy of a woodland herb (Veronica chamaedrys group, Plantaginaceae s.l.) in southeastern Europe. (7/1089)

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Frequency of multiple paternity in the spiny dogfish Squalus acanthias in the western north Atlantic. (8/1089)

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Phylogeography is a rather young field of research that studies the spatial distribution and relationships of intraspecific lineages. Created as a neologism of the two terms phylogeny and biogeography, it is nevertheless well-separated from the historic biogeography. By using different genetic markers, at present usually DNA sequences of mitochondrial genes, phylogeography focuses on the genetic diversity within and between geographic populations of a species.. Each individual of a population represents a particular genetic variant, a so-called haplotype. While some variants are quite frequent, others are less. Moreover, the geographic distribution of different haplotypes is very heterogeneous. Some are widely dispersed and others can only be found in a narrow region. Different methods for analysing the relationships between haplotypes permit a link between spatial and temporal aspects. One important aim of phylogeography is to identify historic processes that have caused the contemporary ...
Selected). Barrowclough, G.F., R.J. Gutiérrez, J.G. Groth, J.E. Lai, and D. Rock. 2011. The hybrid zone between Northern and California Spotted Owls in the Cascade-Sierran suture zone. Condor 113:581-589.. Barrowclough, G.F., J.G. Groth, K.J. Odom, and J.E. Lai. 2011. Phylogeography of the Barred Owl (Strix varia): species limits, multiple refugia, and range expansion. Auk 128:696-706.. Perktas, U., G.F. Barrowclough, and J.G. Groth. 2011. Phylogeography and species limits in the green woodpecker (Picus viridis) complex; Pleistocene refugia and range expansion across Europe and the Near East. Biological Journal of the Linnaean Society 104:710-723.. Zink, R.M., J.G. Groth, H. Vazquez-Miranda, and G.F. Barrowclough. 2013. Phylogeography of the California Gnatcatcher (Polioptila californica) using multi-locus DNA sequences and ecological niche modeling: implications for conservation. Auk 130:449-458.. Barrowclough, G.F., J.G. Groth, J.E. Lai, and S.M. Tsang. 2014. The phylogenetic relationships of ...
Human immunodeficiency virus type 2 (HIV-2) emerged in West Africa and has spread further to countries that share socio-historical ties with this region. However, viral origins and dispersal patterns at a global scale remain poorly understood. Here, we adopt a Bayesian phylogeographic approach to investigate the spatial dynamics of HIV-2 group A (HIV-2A) using a collection of 320 partial pol and 248 partial env sequences sampled throughout 19 countries worldwide ...
Background The marginal seas of northwestern Pacific are characterized by unique topography and intricate hydrology. Two hypotheses have been proposed to explain genetic patterns of marine species inhabiting the region: the historical glaciations hypothesis suggests population genetic divergence between sea basins, whereas the Changjiang River outflow hypothesis suggests genetic break in line with the Changjiang Estuary. Here the phylogeography of bivalve Cyclina sinensis was investigated to test the validity of these two hypotheses for intertidal species in three marginal seas-the East China Sea (ECS), the South China Sea (SCS), and the Japan Sea (JPS). Methodology/Principal Findings Fragments of two markers (mitochondrial COI and nuclear ITS-1) were sequenced for 335 individuals collected from 21 populations. Significant pairwise ΦST were observed between different marginal sea populations. Network analyses illustrated restricted distribution of haplogroups/sub-haplogroups to sea basins, with a
Liu, Y. P., Ren, Z. M., Harris, AJ, Peterson, Paul M., Wen, Jun, and Su, X. 2018. Phylogeography of Orinus (Poaceae), a dominant grass genus on the Qinhai-Tibet Plateau. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 186:202-223. https://doi.org/10.1093/botlinnean/box091 ...
Novel HIV-1 Recombinants Spreading across Multiple Risk Groups in the United Kingdom: The Identification and Phylogeography of Circulating Recombinant Form CRF 50 A1D. . Biblioteca virtual para leer y descargar libros, documentos, trabajos y tesis universitarias en PDF. Material universiario, documentación y tareas realizadas por universitarios en nuestra biblioteca. Para descargar gratis y para leer online.
BACKGROUND: Phylogenetic analysis is now an important tool in the study of viral outbreaks. It can reconstruct epidemic history when surveillance epidemiology data are sparse, and can indicate transmission linkages among infections that may not otherwise be evident. However, a remaining challenge is to develop an analytical framework that can test hypotheses about the effect of environmental variables on pathogen spatial spread. Recent phylogeographic approaches can reconstruct the history of virus dispersal from sampled viral genomes and infer the locations of ancestral infections. Such methods provide a unique source of spatio-temporal information, and are exploited here. RESULTS: We present and apply a new statistical framework that combines genomic and geographic data to test the impact of environmental variables on the mode and tempo of pathogen dispersal during emerging epidemics. First, the spatial history of an emerging pathogen is estimated using standard phylogeographic methods. The inferred
Simulated mismatch distributions for each species and molecular marker.Observed mismatch distributions are represented by the bar graphs, while the curve repres
The application of phylogenetic and genomic analyses to the study of animal biodiversity and evolution, with a specific focus on mammals, is the main goal of the Phylogeny and Phylogeography of Mammals lab. Using next-generation sequencing techniques and advanced bioinformatics tools, the population divergence and speciation process in different species complexes are analysed in order to obtain a better description of our biological diversity. These modern methodologies are also used to study kinship relationships and connectivity between populations in some species of great conservation importance, such as the Pyrenean desman.. Lab website: Castresana Lab. ...
Outline Concept & Development The main scientific questions To infer the demographic history of important species To understand the mechanisms of speciation To identify the different species Perspectives
Having a phylogenetic hypothesis of a group of interest is fundamental for understanding the evolution of species traits, species relations in space and time, and factors promoting their diversification. I have investigated this in detail in a number of fish groups, such as Iberian nases and Iberian and Italian barbels. I have recently used phylogenomic…
Aim Analytical methods are commonly used to identify historical processes of vicariance and dispersal in the evolution of taxa. Currently, dispersal-vicariance analysis implemented in the software diva is the most widely used method. Despite some recognized shortcomings of the method, it has been treated as error-free in many cases and used extensively as the sole method to reconstruct histories of taxa. In light of this, an evaluation of the limitations of the method is needed, especially in relation to several newer alternatives.. Methods In an approach similar to simulation studies in phylogenetics, I use hypothetical taxa evolving in specific geological scenarios and test how well diva reconstructs their histories.. Results diva reconstructs histories accurately when evolution has been simple; that is, where speciation is driven mainly by vicariance. Ancestral areas are wrongly identified under several conditions, including complex patterns of dispersals and within-area speciation events. ...
Lattig, Patricia ; Muñoz, Isabel; Martin, Daniel; Abelló, Pere; Machordom, Annie. .Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society : doi: 10.1111/zoj.12453 (2016) DIGITAL CSIC. Two symbiotic polychaetes living in brachyuran crabs in the western Mediterranean and the nearby eastern Atlantic, Iphitime cuenoti and Ophryotrocha mediterranea, were analysed to determine their phylogeographical patterns and the possible effects of known oceanographic barriers in the study area. The analysed species live in hosts inhabiting well-differentiated depths, a factor that may be crucial for understanding the different patterns observed in each species. Iphitime cuenoti was found in four different host crabs between 100 and 600 m depth and showed some level of genetic homogeneity, reflected in a star-like haplotype network. Furthermore, barrier effects were not observed. By contrast, O. mediterranea was exclusively found in a single host crab species living between 600 and 1200 m depth. Phylogeographical analyses ...
Wong VK, Baker S, Pickard DJ, Parkhill J, Page AJ, Feasey NA, Kingsley RA, Thomson NR, Keane JA, Weill FX, Edwards DJ, Hawkey J, Harris SR, Mather AE, Cain AK, Hadfield J, Hart PJ, Thieu NT, Klemm EJ, Glinos DA, Breiman RF, Watson CH, Kariuki S, Gordon MA, Heyderman RS, Okoro C, Jacobs J, Lunguya O, Edmunds WJ, Msefula C, Chabalgoity JA, Kama M, Jenkins K, Dutta S, Marks F, Campos J, Thompson C, Obaro S, MacLennan CA, Dolecek C, Keddy KH, Smith AM, Parry CM, Karkey A, Mulholland EK, Campbell JI, Dongol S, Basnyat B, Dufour M, Bandaranayake D, Naseri TT, Singh SP, Hatta M, Newton P, Onsare RS, Isaia L, Dance D, Davong V, Thwaites G, Wijedoru L, Crump JA, De Pinna E, Nair S, Nilles EJ, Thanh DP, Turner P, Soeng S, Valcanis M, Powling J, Dimovski K, Hogg G, Farrar J, Holt KE, Dougan G. Phylogeographical analysis of the dominant multidrug-resistant H58 clade of Salmonella Typhi identifies inter- and intracontinental transmission events. NATURE GENETICS 47 (6) : 632 - 9(2015) PubMed (Grant IDs: ...
Regional phylogeographical studies involving co-distributed animal and plant species have been conducted for several areas, most notably for Europe and the Pacific Northwest of North America. Until recently, phylogeographical studies in unglaciated eastern North America have been largely limited to animals. As more studies emerge for diverse lineages (including plants), it seems timely to assess the phylogeography across this region: (i) comparing and contrasting the patterns seen in plants and animals; (ii) assessing the extent of pseudocongruence; and (iii) discussing the potential applications of regional phylogeography to issues in ecology, such as response to climatic change. Unglaciated eastern North America is a large, geologically and topographically complex area with the species examined having diverse distributions. Nonetheless, some recurrent patterns emerge: (i) maritime - Atlantic vs. Gulf Coast; (ii) Apalachicola River discontinuity; (iii) Tombigbee River discontinuity; (iv) the ...
Aquatic vascular plants are a distinctive group, differing from terrestrial plants in their growth forms and habitats. Among the various aquatic plant life forms, the evolutionary processes of freshwater submerged species are most likely distinct due to their exclusive occurrence in the discrete and patchy aquatic habitats. Using the chloroplast trnL-F region sequence data, we investigated the phylogeographic structure of a submerged macrophyte, Hydrilla verticillata, the single species in the genus Hydrilla, throughout China, in addition to combined sample data from other countries to reveal the colonisation and diversification processes of this species throughout the world. We sequenced 681 individuals from 123 sampling locations throughout China and identified a significant phylogeographic structure (NST | GST, p | 0.01), in which four distinct lineages occurred in different areas. A high level of genetic differentiation among populations (global FST = 0.820) was detected. The divergence of Hydrilla
Genealogical concordance is a critical overlay of all phylogenetic analyses, irrespective of taxonomic level. To assess such patterns of congruence we have compiled and derived sequence data for two mitochondrial (16S rRNA, COI) and two nuclear (ITS1, p26) markers in 14 American populations of the hypersaline branchiopod Artemia franciscana. Cladistic analysis revealed three reciprocally monophyletic mitochondrial clades. For nuclear DNA, incomplete lineage sorting was evident presumably as a result of slower coalescence or male-mediated dispersal. Our findings capture the genealogical interval between gene splitting and population divergence. In this sense, strong indications are provided in favour of a superspecies status and ongoing speciation in A. franciscana.
Read Phylogeography of the Siberian newt Salamandrella keyserlingii by mitochondrial DNA sequence analysis, Russian Journal of Genetics on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
The home page of the Institute formerly known as the JLB Smith Institute of Ichthyology, the Scientific homeof the Coelacanth.
Aim We carried out a phylogeographic study across the range of the herbaceous plant species Monotropa hypopitys L. in North America to determine whether its current disjunct distribution is due to ...
The maned sloth Bradypus torquatus (Bradypodidae:Pilosa) is an endangered and endemic species of the Atlantic Forest in Brazil, a biome that was anthropogenical
Since the beginning of the semester, we have been learned that the geographic distributions of organisms are determined by historical and ecological mechanisms. We also have learned some of the methodology that has been applied in historical biogeography studies. My last two posts were dedicated to historical biogeography, its pattern-based methodology, and assumptions. But I have not yet described an event-based methodology…. In event-based approaches, the processes responsible for taxa distribution are analyzed and the events are weight modeled. One example of event-based approach is the Dispersal-vicariance analysis -DIVA. It reconstructs the ancestral range distribution of a particular group of organisms, minimizing the dispersal events needed for explaining the distributions. In this approach, the vicariance events have no cost, while the dispersals and extinctions cost one per area unit added to the distribution (Gomez & Lobo, 2006). This method was first applied to the theory of ...
In this study, we present the full genomic sequences and evolutionary analyses of a serially sampled population of 28 Lactococcus lactis-infecting phage belonging to the 936-like group in Australia. Genome sizes were consistent with previously available genomes ranging in length from 30.9 to 32.1 Kb …
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The Beast Focus Stack will dial you in like no other combination of products. The power of Beast Mode and the Intense Focus of Neuro Beast combined. If youre ready to Train Like A Beast, its time to use a pre-workout that can take you to the next level.Beast Mode does just that, packing a powerful punch to help your
If a pond is located within 500 m of your development site then the potential presence of great crested newts will have to be considered. This is usually incorporated into a Preliminary Ecological Appraisal (PEA) where local biological records and a habitat suitability assessment will determine whether further surveys are required. Following on from this eDNA can be used to determine presence/absence of great crested newts however more in depth surveying to determine the population size will be required if a pond to be impacted by works is found to have great crested newts.. Natterjack toad surveys will be required where historical records suggest they may be present and suitable habitat is located within or near to your development site. The distribution of natterjack toads is quite restricted in the UK, being almost exclusively confined to coastal sand dunes, grazing marshes and sandy heaths.. If you have any queries regarding the services your project may require, please contact our ...
Varieties distributed across vast continental areas and across major biomes provide unique model systems for studies of biotic diversification, yet also constitute daunting financial, logistic and political difficulties for data collection across such areas. genetic structure of lineages and infer ancestral areas. We found 43 statistically supported, deep mitochondrial lineages, several of which may symbolize currently unrecognized unique varieties. One major clade, comprising 25 divergent lineages, includes samples from the type locality of complex. The remaining lineages together with the complex constitute the varieties group. Historic analyses support an Amazonian source for the varieties group having a subsequent dispersal to eastern Brazil where the complex originated. According to our dataset, a total of eight mtDNA lineages have ranges >100,000 km2. One of them occupies an certain part of nearly a single million kilometres2 encompassing multiple biomes. Our results, at a spatial quality ...
Supporting learners through challenging times and graduating an emerging workforce equipped with the educational foundation to assist in recovery is the focus of Selkirk Colleges new annual giving campaign.
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Biogeographic region: Biogeographic region, area of animal and plant distribution having similar or shared characteristics throughout. It is a matter of general experience that the plants and
I was hunted by the beast all fall, winter and spring. I watched as my co-workers and extended family members were taken down by the beast. Yes, they all got back up (after a few days/week). The beast is the winter cold or flu that rears its ugly head each year. Cold and flu season…
Jon Karis is raising funds for Rise of the Beasts - Series 1 (Canceled) on Kickstarter! Rise of the Beasts is a new line of mini figures in the spirit of the great toylines of 1980s. M.U.S.C.L.E., Battle Beasts and He-Man!
In statistics, coherent measures of fit of nested and overlapping composite hypotheses are technically those measures that are consistent with the constraints of formal logic. For example, the probability of the nested special case must be less than or equal to the probability of the general model within which the special case is nested. Any…
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NOTE: I dont want comments about bloody werewolves or whatever they call themselves! ...Find answers to the question, Is There A Beast In You? from people who know at Ask Experience.
Finally, something natural to help your yeasty, smelly, itchy dog! Help soothe your dogs itchy skin and prevent infections, topically. Yeasty Beast is a combin
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Elenco pubblicazioni Dott. Romani Federico - Dipartimento Cardiotoracovascolare A. De Gasperis dellOspedale di Niguarda di Milano
Die Goethe-Universität ist eine forschungsstarke Hochschule in der europäischen Finanzmetropole Frankfurt. Lebendig, urban und weltoffen besitzt sie als Stiftungsuniversität ein einzigartiges Maß an Eigenständigkeit.
Sudarshan, feels like that is Ravis jeep only as it has Allans workshop name - Sara Extreme 4x4 on its side and Ravi had also mentioned that he had got some work done from Allan . So before Ravi
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Phylogeographical analyses on Squalidus argentatus samples from thirteen localities within mainland China and Taiwan were conducted for biogeographic studies, as their dispersal strictly depends on geological evolution of the landmasses. A total of 95 haplotypes were genotyped for mtDNA cyt b gene in 160 specimens from nine river systems. Relatively high levels of haplotype diversity (h = 0.984) and low levels of nucleotide diversity (π = 0.020) were detected in S. argentatus. Two major phylogenetic haplotype groups, A and B, were revealed via phylogenetic analysis. The degree of intergroup divergence (3.96%) indicates that these groups diverged about 4.55 myr (million years) ago. Haplotype network and population analyses indicated significant genetic structure (FST = 0.775), largely concordant with the geographical location of the populations. According to SAMOVA analysis, we divided these populations into four units: Yangtze-Pearl, Qiantang-Minjiang, Jiulong-Beijiang and Taiwan groups. Mismatch
Since Darwins time, waterbirds have been considered an important vector for the dispersal of continental aquatic invertebrates. Bird movements have facilitated the worldwide invasion of the American brine shrimp Artemia franciscana, transporting cysts (diapausing eggs), and favouring rapid range expansions from introduction sites. Here we address the impact of bird migratory flyways on the population genetic structure and phylogeography of A. franciscana in its native range in the Americas. We examined the sequence variation for two mitochondrial gene fragments (COI and 16S for a subset of the data) in a large set of population samples representing the entire native range of A. franciscana. Furthermore, we performed Mantel tests and redundancy analyses (RDA) to test the role of flyways, geography and human introductions on the phylogeography and population genetic structure at a continental scale. A. franciscanamitochondrial DNA was very diverse, with two main clades, largely corresponding to Pacific
Investigating variation in complete mitochondrial genomes across the red muntjac distribution range enabled us to examine the evolutionary history of these populations, including phylogeographic structure and historical demography. The high genetic diversity within, and large divergence among the main clades indicate a long-term separation of these clades, which in turn implies that red muntjacs had spread across South and Southeast Asia shortly after their split from other muntjac species. We found, however, evidence for two geographic barriers that (i) separated populations from northern India and Sri Lanka + Western Ghats and (ii) separated Sundaic and Mainland populations.. The Sri Lanka clade split first from the other two populations around 1.5 Mya and our data provides the first molecular evidence for its distinction. Due to the low number of samples obtained from this region we were unable to further assess their evolutionary history and genetic diversity. Other authors, who regarded the ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Phylogeography and Origin of Indian Domestic Goats. AU - Joshi, Manjunath B.. AU - Rout, Pramod K.. AU - Mandal, Ajoy K.. AU - Tyler-Smith, Chris. AU - Singh, Lalji. AU - Thangaraj, Kumarasamy. PY - 2004/3. Y1 - 2004/3. N2 - The Indian subcontinent contains 20 well-characterized goat breeds, which vary in their genetic potential for the production of milk, meat, and fibre; disease resistance; heat tolerance; and fecundity. Indian goats make up 20% of the worlds goat population, but there has been no extensive study of these economically important animals. Therefore, we have undertaken the present investigation of 363 goats belonging to 10 different breeds from different geographic regions of India using mtDNA sequence data from the HVRI region. We find evidence for population structure and novel lineages in Indian goats and cannot reconcile the genetic diversity found within the major lineage with domestication starting 10,000 years ago from a single mtDNA ancestor. Thus, we ...
The Biomeme Great Crested Newt (Triturus cristatus) M1 Go-Kit for eDNA is an end-to-end mobile solution for the detection of Great Crested Newt, also known as Northern Crested Newt or Warty Newt, environmental DNA from filtered water samples.
The Biomeme Great Crested Newt (Triturus cristatus) M1 Go-Kit for eDNA is an end-to-end mobile solution for the detection of Great Crested Newt, also known as Northern Crested Newt or Warty Newt, environmental DNA from filtered water samples.
The historical demography of the populations of domestic pigs in Europe and China was examined using mismatch distributions, which represent the frequency distribution of pairwise differences among all sampled haplotypes. Theoretical studies have shown that population bottlenecks and population expansions have a strong effect on the pattern of genetic polymorphism among haplotypes in the population (Rogers & Harpending 1992). For instance, populations in long and stable demographic equilibrium have multimodal mismatch distribution (ragged and chaotic) whereas the distribution appears unimodal after recent demographic expansions (Rogers & Harpending 1992; Harpending 1994). The mismatch distributions as well as the network analysis were consistent with population expansions in the ancestors for both contemporary Chinese and European domestic pigs (figures 3 and 4). The crucial question is whether the population expansion occurred before or after domestication. Similar signatures of population ...
The phylogeographic structure of Lampides boeticus was remarkable in two respects. While most sampled populations had little or no genetic variation across half the planet, a small number of specimens from widely spaced locales were highly divergent from the most common haplotypes, yet relatively similar to each other.. As currently circumscribed, L. boeticus appears to be monophyletic with respect to the outgroups included in this analyses, and is nested within a wholly African clade. While we acknowledge the possibility that some extant species may have relictual distributions, it seems plausible - given the number of exclusively African close relatives - that the most recent common ancestor from which Lampides and its sister taxon evolved originated in Africa and spread eastward across the Old World. Descendants from early expansion events (clades C and D) appear to have been largely replaced throughout much of the range by descendants from expansion events after one or more recent ...
At the XXIst World Congress of the International Committee of Historical Sciences (ICHS/CISH) in 2010 in Amsterdam, the International Commission for Historical Demography (ICHD) decided to write an overview of its own history. Fifty years had gone by since the CISH XIst World Congress in Stockholm 1960, when historians took the first tentative initiatives to create a wholly new interdisciplinary commission for historical demography, a meeting place for a budding discipline where researchers in letters and science could meet, exchange ideas, cultivate and develop a new field. This book is the outcome of that decision. Demography, past, present and future is a common concern for all inhabitants of this planet. The variation is great, however, with regard to sources, social and political conditions, state of the art, technological development, national and local initiatives. In the course of half a century many changes take place. Keeping abreast of the gigantic streams of information and ...
8 Images) Great Crested Newts, the UKs most protected amphibian, are loved by many naturalists and rather less so by some property developers. Unfortunately, loss of ponds and their surrounding newt friendly habitats, as well as changes in farming practices, have set these wonderful animals on a path to steep decline, Fortunately, Wilden Marsh is a protected nature reserve and home to many great crested newts as well as a good selection of other amphibians. The marsh has… Read More. ...
An abundant and globally occurring marine picocyanobacterium, the genus Synechococcus is an important player in oceanic primary production and global carbon cycling. In the complex marine environment, this widespread organism has evolved to successfully colonize and inhabit different environmental niches. Their biogeographic distribution suggests that Synechococcus ecotypes exhibit thermal niche preferences. Temperature is a key environmental variable and the elucidation of the temperature stress acclimation in members of this genus can shed light on the molecular mechanisms involved in their adaptive capability. The growth of four representative Synechococcus isolates of various ecotypes from tropical and temperate regions were monitored under various temperature conditions. This revealed drastic differences in growth rates in correlation with their thermal niche preferences. The temperate strains CC9311 and BL107 displayed higher growth rates at lower temperatures while tropical strains WH8102 ...
Dec 10, 1998. Image of the Beast. Now lets finish off that beast.. And I beheld another beast coming up out of the earth; and he had two horns like a lamb, and he spake as a dragon. And he exerciseth all the power of the first beast before him, and causeth the earth and them which dwell therein to worship the first beast, whose deadly wound was healed. And he doeth great wonders, so that he maketh fire come down from heaven on the earth in the sight of men, And deceiveth them that dwell on the earth by [the means of] those miracles which he had power to do in the sight of the Beast; saying to them that dwell on the earth, that they should make an image to the Beast, which had the wound by a sword, and did live. And he had power to give life unto the image of the Beast, that the image of the Beast should both speak, and cause that as many as would not worship the image of the Beast should be killed. And he causeth all, both small and great, rich and poor, free and bond, to receive a mark in ...
We are interested in the mechanisms behind the proximal processes of evolution - those that lead to population differentiation, divergence and ultimately speciation. Our group specialises in terrestrial invertebrates because their abundance and low dispersal rates make them excellent models for addressing basic evolutionary principles. Currently we are studying huntsman and
inbreeding, if not totally selfing, and thus does not ex- perience sexual recombination. The equivalence of the number of genotypes with the number of hybrid origins, therefore, appears to be a valid assumption in this species.) Alternatively, the existing populations could be remnants of a once more continuous, southern Rocky Mountain metapopulation, most of which has gone extinct. Even under the latter scenario, however, one must invoke dis- persal from a single original point of hybridization with subsequent reduction in population size.. The genetic identities among the continental U.S. pop- ulations may be particularly significant in unraveling the biogeographic history of this species in light of its tetra- ploid nature. Werth and Windham (1991) proposed a model of speciation of allopatric populations of polyploid pteridophytes involving reciprocal silencing of alternate alleles at homoeologous loci, and several empirical studies have documented such reciprocal silencing in disjunct, ...
Eesti Teadusinfosüsteem koondab informatsiooni teadus- ja arendusasutuste, teadlaste, teadusprojektide ning erinevate teadustegevuste tulemuste kohta.
Zoological Science publishes articles, reviews and editorials that cover the broad and increasingly interdisciplinary field of zoology.
The slender salamanders genus, Batrachoseps (Plethodontidae), is the most speciose groupof caudate amphibians in the western nearctic zone. All clades and even species within these groupsshow a marked phylogeographic structure, although there is often a discrepancy between mtDNAand nDNA (allozymes) datasets. Batrachoseps species are morphologically cryptic and ecologicallyvery similar. Slender salamander species do not merge when a parapatry occurs and sympatry islimited especially within clade ...
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Environmental Biology : Phylogeny reconstruction; principles of systematics; predictive power of phylogenetic trees; theory and principles of biogeography; historical biogeography of plants and animals; role of abiotic and biotic factors in shaping distributions. Terms: Fall 2020 Instructors: Gillung, Jessica (Fall) ...
Amorim, D. de S. and S. H. S. Tozzoni. 1994. Phylogenetic and biogeographic analysis of the Anisopodoidea (Diptera, Bibionomorpha), with an area cladogram for intercontinental relationships. Rev. Bras. Entomol. 38:517-543.. Amorim, D. de S. and E. Rindal. 2007. Phylogeny of the Mycetophiliformia, with proposal of subfamilies Heterotrichinae, Ohakuneinae, and Chiletrichinae for the Rangomaramidae (Dipter, Bibionomorpha. Zootaxa 1535:1-92.. Jaschhof, M. and R. K. Didham. 2002. Rangomaramidae fam. nov. from New Zealand and implications for the phylogeny of the Sciaroidea (Diptera: Bibionomorpha). Studia Dipt. Suppl. 11.. Oosterbroek, P. and G. Courtney. 1995. Phylogeny of the nematocerous families of Diptera (Insecta). Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 115:267-311.. Sinclair, B. J. 1992. A phylogenetic interpretation of the Brachycera (Diptera) based on the larval mandible and associated mouthpart structures. Syst. Entomol. 17:233-252.. Wood, D. M. and A. Borkent 1989. Phylogeny and classification of the ...
We sequenced 20 new, field-collected individuals for up to seven genes to explore the phylogeography and conservation genetics of the threatened Nile softshell turtle Trionyx triunguis, including the...
In order to exploit the genetic resources of wild soybean (Glycine soja) which is the progenitor of cultivated soybean (Glycine max), the genic frequencies of Ti (coding trypsin inhibitors) and Sp1 (coding β-amylase isozymes) for 13 populations of wild soybean in Beijing region were determined. There are 2 alleles (Tia and Tib) in Ti locus of Beijing populations. Calculation of heterozygosity indicates Sp1 is polymorphic, while this monomorphic within a population. Based on the vatiation (from 0 to 50%) for heterozygosity of Sp1 among populations, with special reference to the values of genetic distances among populatious, and no heterozygote has been found in 1300 plants which would be heterozygotes if they were outbreeder, we suggested that wild soybean in natural populations is absolute inbreeder. The frequencies of Ti and Sp1 alleles vary from place to place extremely, however, no correlation exists between allozyme frequencies and ecological factors. Field investigation has shown that ...
The importance of islands in revealing evolutionary processes has been recognized since Darwins work on the Galapagos (Darwin, 1909) and Wallaces work in the Malay Archipelago (Wallace, 1876). Since, island biogeography has provided many elegant...
Ive developed a mild interest in East-West phylogeography in Europe in regards to human populations. In the process I stumbled onto this paper, Geographical heterogeneity of Y-chromosomal lineages in Norway. Ive put the full PDF in the forum, here. Standard caveat, take this with a grain of salt!!! But, Ive put some maps below that readers might find of interest ...
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Mouthon, Fabrice (1998) Population et elevage en Chartreuse du nord à travers le denombrement Savoyard de 1561. In: Mendia, Gizartea eta Kultura = Montaña, Sociedad y Cultura = Montagne, Société et Culture. Zainak. Cuadernos de Antropología-Etnografía (17). Eusko Ikaskuntza, Donostia-San Sebastián, pp. 197-215.. ...
If you have a question about this talk, please contact sja60.. Abstract not available. This talk is part of the Core Seminar in Economic and Social History series.. ...
By David Klassen A two-vehicle collision early Saturday morning has left a 17-year-old Selkirk boy in critical condition. The crash happened at about 1
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Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them Pdf is here. You can easily download Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them Pdf by pdforigin.com.
Perrin P., Herbreteau V., Hugot J.P., Morand S.. 2010. In : Morand Serge (ed.), Krasnov Boris R. (ed.). The biogeography of host-parasite interactions. Oxford : Oxford University Press, p. 41-57. (Oxford Biology).. ...
For the first third of The Boy and the Beast, Mamoru Hosoda sets up a story that seems easy enough to predict: Two stubborn and fiercely proud characters who want nothing to do with each other are forced to join forces and work together. Then the movie dares to mutate that formula - to turn it inside out, toy with our expectations about it, and ultimately come full circle with it in a way that a more lockstep treatment would not have allowed.. Such a path is always fraught with risk. As at least one intensely negative review of this movie can attest, not all risks pay off for all people. But I thought it did, and so I write this review in part to counter reviews like that one. Its not merely that I prefer a story that dares to do something interesting over a story that settles for delivering something familiar and easy. Its that in this case, the risks are worth it, even if it doesnt seem that way when youre in the middle of it all.. This is the fourth film Hosoda has to his name as an ...
BATMAN #57 is brutal, wacky, and simply phenomenal read that brings us into the anticipated stand-off between KGBeast and Batmans own killer beast.
Beast Sports Nutrition Gargantua Review - Gargantua ingredients, Gargantua effectiveness, benefits, negatives, taste & mixability, Gargantua verdict..
Repeats every week every Monday and every Wednesday until Sun May 31 2020 except Mon May 18 2020. Wednesday, May 27, 2020 - 8:00am to 9: ...
Phylogeography[edit]. In 2018 authors Rafael Delcourt and Orlando Nelson Grillo published a phylogenetic analysis of ...
Knowles, LL; Maddison, WP (December 2002). "Statistical phylogeography". Molecular Ecology. 11 (12): 2623-2635. doi:10.1046/j. ...
Rafting on D. antarctica appears to have influenced the dispersal and phylogeography of these non-buoyant species. In New ... 2016]. "Float and Raft: Role of Buoyant Seaweeds in the Phylogeography and Genetic Structure of Non-buoyant Associated Flora". ... Fraser, C.I. (eds.). Seaweed Phylogeography. Springer, Dordrecht. pp. 97-130. doi:10.1007/978-94-017-7534-2_4. ISBN 978-94-017- ... "Phylogeography of two intertidal seaweeds, Gelidium lingulatum and G. rex (Rhodophyta: Gelidiales), along the South East ...
Phylogeography: Dejong, R. J.; Morgan, J. A.; Wilson, W. D.; Al-Jaser, M. H.; Appleton, C. C.; Coulibaly, G.; d'Andrea, P. S.; ... "Phylogeography of Biomphalaria glabrata and B. Pfeifferi, important intermediate hosts of Schistosoma mansoni in the New and ...
... and clarify their phylogeography". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution: 106823. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2020.106823. Espenshade ...
... and clarify their phylogeography". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 148: 106823. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2020.106823. PMID ...
Phylogeography Biogeography Parks, DH; Porter M; Churcher S; Wang S; Blouin C; Whalley J; Brooks S; Beiko RG (2009). "GenGIS: A ... Since its release, GenGIS has been used to investigate the phylogeography of viruses and bacteriophages, bacteria, and ...
169-170 Arnaiz-Villena, A; Gómez-Prieto P; Ruiz-de-Valle V (2009). "Phylogeography of finches and sparrows". Animal Genetics. ... phylogeography and their relative abundance of nuclear mtDNA pseudogenes" (PDF). Journal of Molecular Evolution. 53 (2): 144- ...
Phylogeography of finches and sparrows. Animal Genetics", New York, NY: USA: Nova Pub. Förschler, M.I.; Kalko, E.K.V. (2007). " ...
2001). "Phylogeography of crossbills, bullfinches, grosbeaks, and rosefinches" (PDF). Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences. 58 ... Arnaiz-Villena, A; Gómez-Prieto P; Ruiz-de-Valle V (2009). "Phylogeography of finches and sparrows". Animal Genetics. Nova ...
CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Arnaiz-Villena, A; Gómez-Prieto P; Ruiz-de-Valle V (2009). "Phylogeography of finches ... phylogeography and their relative abundance of nuclear mtDNA pseudogenes" (PDF). Journal of Molecular Evolution. 53 (2): 144- ...
Arnaiz-Villena, Antonio; Gomez-Prieto, Pablo; Ruiz-Del-Valle, Valentin (2009). Phylogeography of Finches and Sparrows. Nova ... The phylogeography and possible origin of estrildid species have been studied. The following scheme may be useful to represent ...
199-200 Giebel 1877, p. 35 Arnaiz-Villena, A; Gómez-Prieto P; Ruiz-de-Valle V (2009). "Phylogeography of finches and sparrows ... phylogeography and their relative abundance of nuclear mtDNA pseudogenes" (PDF). Journal of Molecular Evolution. 53 (2): 144- ...
2001). "Phylogeography of crossbills, bullfinches, grosbeaks,and rosefinches". Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences. 58 (8): ... Arnaiz-Villena, A; Gómez-Prieto P; Ruiz-de-Valle V (2009). Phylogeography of Finches and Sparrows. Nova Science Publishers. ...
Arnaiz-Villena, Antonio; Gomez-Prieto, Pablo; Ruiz-del-Valle, Valentin (2010). "Phylogeography of finches and sparrows". In ...
Lemey P, Rambaut A, Drummond AJ, Suchard MA (September 2009). "Bayesian phylogeography finds its roots". PLOS Computational ...
Phylogeography of Southern European Refugia. Springer. pp. 118-121. ISBN 978-1-4020-49033. Hickey, Kieran (May 2003). "Wolf - ...
Arnaiz-Villena, A; Gómez-Prieto P; Ruiz-de-Valle V (2009). "Phylogeography of finches and sparrows". Animal Genetics. Nova ...
Arnaiz-Villena, A; Gómez-Prieto P; Ruiz-de-Valle V (2009). Phylogeography of Finches and Sparrows. Nova Science Publishers. ...
Arnaiz-Villena, A.; Gómez-Prieto, P.; Ruiz-de-Valle, V. (2009). "Phylogeography of finches and sparrows". Animal Genetics. Nova ... "Phylogeography of crossbills, bullfinches, grosbeaks, and rosefinches". Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences. 58 (8): 1159-1166 ...
Pérez, T., Albornoz, J. & Domínguez, A. (2002). Phylogeography of chamois (Rupicapra spp.) inferred from microsatellites. Mol ...
Arnaiz-Villena, A; Gómez-Prieto P; Ruiz-de-Valle V (2009). "Phylogeography of finches and sparrows". Animal Genetics. Nova ...
B, J. J.; Alvarez, Y.; Tabarés, E.; Garrido-Pertierra, A.; Ibáñez, C.; Bautista, J. M. (1999). "Phylogeography of African ...
Arnaiz-Villena, Antonio; Gómez-Prieto, Pablo; Ruiz-de-Valle, Valentin (2009). "Phylogeography of finches and sparrows". Animal ... 2001). "The Old World sparrows (genus Passer) phylogeography and their relative abundance of nuclear mtDNA pseudogenes" (PDF). ...
Arnaiz-Villena, Antonio; Gomez-Prieto, Pablo; Ruiz-Del-Valle, Valentin (2009). Phylogeography of Finches and Sparrows. Nova ... "Phylogeography of crossbills, bullfinches, grosbeaks and rosefinches" (PDF). Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences. 58 (8): 1159 ...
Arnaiz-Villena, Antonio; Gómez-Prieto, Pablo; Ruiz-de-Valle, Valentin (2009). Phylogeography of Finches and Sparrows. Nova ...
Vargas, Pablo (2007). "Are Macaronesian islands refugia of relict plant lineages?: A molecular survey". Phylogeography of ...
2001). "Phylogeography of crossbills, bullfinches, grosbeaks, and rosefinches". Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences. 58 (8): ... Arnaiz-Villena, Antonio; Gomez-Prieto, Pablo; Ruiz-Del-Valle, Valentin (2009). Rechi, Leopold J (ed.). "Phylogeography of ...
Bowen BW, Bass AL, Rocha LA, Grant WS, Roberston DR (2001). "Phylogeography of the trumpetfishes (Aulostomus): Ring species ... also called Phylogeography and DNA barcoding) has led to the discovery of a great many cryptic species complexes in all ...
"Phylogeography of finches and sparrows". Nova Science Publishers. ISBN 978-1-60741-844-3 ...
The term phylogeography was first used by John Avise in his 1987 work Intraspecific Phylogeography: The Mitochondrial DNA ... Phylogeography has also proven to be useful in understanding the origin and dispersal patterns of our own species, Homo sapiens ... Phylogeography integrates biogeography and genetics to study in greater detail the lineal history of a species in context of ... Phylogeography is the study of the historical processes that may be responsible for the past to present geographic ...
Resolving postglacial phylogeography using high-throughput sequencing. Kevin J. Emerson, Clayton R. Merz, Julian M. Catchen, ... Resolving postglacial phylogeography using high-throughput sequencing. Kevin J. Emerson, Clayton R. Merz, Julian M. Catchen, ... Resolving postglacial phylogeography using high-throughput sequencing. Kevin J. Emerson, Clayton R. Merz, Julian M. Catchen, ... Phylogeography of W. smithii.. The RAD tag approach confirms the phylogeographic separation of W. smithii into southern and ...
Phylogeography of Lassa Virus in Nigeria.. Ehichioya DU1,2,3,4, Dellicour S5,6, Pahlmann M1,7, Rieger T1,7, Oestereich L1,7, ...
Phylogeography (and related fields). Markers. The field of phylogeography was first introduced by Avise et al. (1987). In short ... Integrating phylogeography and niche modelling. Benefits to phylogeography. A large number of taxa display some form of spatial ... Comparative phylogeography. Comparative phylogeography is the comparative study of the phylogeographical patterns of co- ... Statistical phylogeography. Mol. Ecol. 11: 2623-2635. Search in Google Scholar. Kocher, T.D., W.K. Thomas, A. Meyer, S.V. ...
Wares JP, Cunningham CW (2001) Phylogeography and historical ecology of the north Atlantic intertidal. Evolution 55:2455-2469 ...
Author summary Reducing the public health burden of rabies is most effectively achieved by elimination of the disease from its hosts. While the role of dogs and many wild carnivore species in maintaining and transmitting rabies virus is well established, our understanding of the role of many bat species in this regard is still incomplete. Several North American bat species are known to be rabies virus reservoirs, but the role of bats of the Myotis genus has been unclear due to the very limited number of laboratory confirmed rabies cases detected in these bats and the challenge in assigning species to poorly preserved bat carcasses. Our study utilised a collection of rabid bats collected across Canada over 25 years to address this issue. Genetic barcoding was used to identify the specimens to species and the virus was characterised by partial genome sequencing. Host barcoding proved to be crucial for correct species assignment to many specimens and allowed the identification of certain Myotis species as
... () Tatsuya Fukuda, In-Ja Song, Hokuto Nakayama, Takuro ... T. Fukuda, I. Song, H. Nakayama, T. Ito, A. Kanno, H. Hayakawa, Y. Minamiya and J. Yama, "Phylogeography of Asparagus ... K. Aoki, T. Suzuki, T.-W. Hsu and N. Murakami, "Phylogeography of the Component Species of Broad-Leaved Evergreen Forests in ... J. C. Avise, "Phylogeography: The History and Formation of Species," Harvard University Press, London, 2000. ...
... paleontology and phylogeography in the Late Cenozoic, particularly the Quaternary Period with... ... Hybrid zones Phylogeography Refugia Divergence Quaternary Arctic Temperate Tropics Speciation This is a preview of subscription ... Avise JC (2009) Phylogeography: retrospect and prospect. J Biogeogr 36:3-15CrossRefGoogle Scholar ... In: Weiss S, Ferrand N (eds) Phylogeography of Southern European Refugia. Springer, Berlin, pp 155-188CrossRefGoogle Scholar ...
... Felix Bast,1 Pooja Rani,1 and ... E. Rejzková, T. Fér, J. Vojta, and K. Marhold, "Phylogeography of the forest herb Carex pilosa (Cyperaceae)," Botanical Journal ... In this report, we present our studies on the phylogeography of this species using trnL-trnF intergenic spacer of plastid ... N. Fujii, N. Tomaru, K. Okuyama, T. Koike, T. Mikami, and K. Ueda, "Chloroplast DNA phylogeography of Fagus crenata (Fagaceae) ...
Persons tagged with «Phylogeography». Name. Phone. E-mail. Tags. Brysting, Anne Krag Professor +47 22857577 [email protected] ... Botany, Phylogeography, Phylogenetics, Plant systematics, Plants, Polyploidy, Speciation Eidesen, Pernille Bronken Senior ... phylogeography, DNA metabarcoding, Plant systematics, phylogenetics, species delimitation, Euphrasia taxonomy Lü, Dabao Sun ... Arctic, Arctic plant ecology, Biodiversity, Evolution, Phylogeography, Polyploidy, Education, pedagogics Gusarova, Galina ...
Comparative phylogeography of unglaciated eastern North America. Authors. *. DOUGLAS E. SOLTIS,. * Department of Botany, ... As more studies emerge for diverse lineages (including plants), it seems timely to assess the phylogeography across this region ... Comparative phylogeography of reef fishes from the Gulf of Aden to the Arabian Sea reveals two cryptic lineages, Coral Reefs, ... discussing the potential applications of regional phylogeography to issues in ecology, such as response to climatic change. ...
Phylogeography of the bark beetle Dendroctonus mexicanus Hopkins (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae). Molecular ...
Phylogeography, Vectors and Transmission in Latin America , InTechOpen, Published on: 2013-07-24. Authors: Jan E. Conn, Martha ... nuneztovari phylogeography, which focused on the nuclear white gene [95]. Five lineages were detected [95], 2 and 3 in Colombia ... Phylogeography, Vectors and Transmission in Latin America. By Jan E. Conn, Martha L. Quiñones and Marinete M. Póvoa DOI: ... 3. Phylogeography. 3.1. Anopheles albimanus. An exemplary study, based on large sample sizes using microsatellite markers and a ...
... please you can return little to the download phylogeography of ... In download phylogeography of california, a afield and helpful report of indication gives the sport; theories m to go that ... What was download phylogeography Brices Self-Improvement at Johnson Bros? link three of her moderen at National Auto. 59 app ... In download phylogeography of california an introduction, a new and 3H-collagen style of backup is the letter; practices ...
We sequenced a standard 545 base pair section of the mitochondrial D-loop in order to construct a modern phylogeography of the ... We sequenced a standard 545 base pair section of the mitochondrial D-loop in order to construct a modern phylogeography of the ... Phylogeography of Invasive Rats in New Zealand. James C. Russell1*, Judith H. Robins2 and Rachel M. Fewster3 ... 2010). Phylogeography of the introduced species Rattus rattus in the western Indian Ocean, with special emphasis on the ...
Londo, J. P., Y. C. Chiang, K. H. Hung, T. Y. Chiang and B. A. Schaal, 2006 Phylogeography of Asian wild rice, Oryza rufipogon ... Molecular Phylogeography of Domesticated Barley Traces Expansion of Agriculture in the Old World. Daisuke Saisho and Michael D ... Molecular Phylogeography of Domesticated Barley Traces Expansion of Agriculture in the Old World. Daisuke Saisho and Michael D ... Molecular Phylogeography of Domesticated Barley Traces Expansion of Agriculture in the Old World. Daisuke Saisho and Michael D ...
We examined the phylogeography and history of giant Galápagos tortoise populations based on mitochondrial DNA sequence data ... Phylogeography and history of giant Galápagos tortoises. Evolution By:. A. Caccone , G. Gentile , J.P. Gibbs , T.H. Fritts , H. ... Phylogeography and history of giant Galápagos tortoises. Series title:. Evolution. DOI:. 10.1554/0014-3820(2002)056[2052:PAHOGG ... We examined the phylogeography and history of giant Galápagos tortoise populations based on mitochondrial DNA sequence data ...
The Phylogeography of African Brazilians.. Gonçalves VF, Carvalho CM, Bortolini MC, Bydlowski SP, Pena SD.. ...
... Annu Rev Microbiol. 2008;62:307-28. doi: 10.1146/annurev.micro. ...
Background Fragmented distribution ranges of species with little active dispersal capacity raise the question about their place of origin and the processes and timing of either range fragmentation or dispersal. The peculiar distribution of the land snail Tudorella sulcata s. str. in Southern France, Sardinia and Algeria is such a challenging case. Methodology Statistical phylogeographic analyses with mitochondrial COI and nuclear hsp70 haplotypes were used to answer the questions of the species origin, sequence and timing of dispersal. The origin of the species was on Sardinia. Starting from there, a first expansion to Algeria and then to France took place. Abiotic and zoochorous dispersal could be excluded by considering the species life style, leaving only anthropogenic translocation as parsimonious explanation. The geographic expansion could be dated to approximately 8,000 years before present with a 95% confidence interval of 10,000 to 3,000 years before present. Conclusions This period
Phylogeography of Asian wild rice, Oryza rufipogon, reveals multiple independent domestications of cultivated rice, Oryza ... Phylogeography of Asian wild rice, Oryza rufipogon, reveals multiple independent domestications of cultivated rice, Oryza ... Phylogeography of Asian wild rice, Oryza rufipogon, reveals multiple independent domestications of cultivated rice, Oryza ... Phylogeography of Asian wild rice, Oryza rufipogon, reveals multiple independent domestications of cultivated rice, Oryza ...
The Phylogeography of African Brazilians. Blaine Bettinger. 2 August 2007. 2 Comments ...
Phylogeography of brooders support the hypothesis of a past trans‐Antarctic seaway established between the Ross and the Weddell ... Finally, I use an exploratory approach to investigate the phylogeny and phylogeography of the entire class Asteroidea and try ... Phylogeography of brooders support the hypothesis of a past trans‐Antarctic seaway established between the Ross and the Weddell ... Diversity and phylogeography of Southern Ocean sea stars (Asteroidea) Diversité et phylogéographie des asteries de lOcéan ...
Comparative phylogeography of floodplain specialist birds based on sequences of ultra conserved elements: inferring Amazoniam ...
Mitochondrial DNA Phylogeography of Black Bears (Ursus americanus) in Central and Southern North America: Conservation ... "Mitochondrial DNA Phylogeography of Black Bears (Ursus americanus) in Central and Southern North America: Conservation ... "Mitochondrial DNA Phylogeography of Black Bears (Ursus americanus) in Central and Southern North America: Conservation ...
Maju wrote: "So people going from the coasts of the Arabian Sea to those of the Bay of Bengal probably took three different routes to cross India." The branches in C are unresolved and deeprooted. If your comment were true wouldnt we be able to discern these three divisions: and a gradual regional diversification in C with the Indian ones being closer to each other than they are to more distant ones? All branches of C are basically confined to separate regions. It seems in fact that C diversified early after a rapid expansion. It may have been through India, but theres no need to assume it was without more evidence. C5 and C* are actually as different from each other as are any other two Y-chromosome C haplogroups. Suggests they originated in two different regions. C* is actually found in island SE Asia and Ive read a paper from some Indian scientists that it is found mostly in coastal regions of India. (Cant find the paper at the moment). ...
Comparative phylogeography of eight herbs and lianas (Marantaceae) in central African rainforests. Alexandra C. Ley1,2*, Gilles ... Citation: Ley AC, Dauby G, Köhler J, Wypior C, Röser M and Hardy OJ (2014) Comparative phylogeography of eight herbs and lianas ... 2013). Comparative phylogeography of African rainforest trees: a review of genetic signatures of vegetation history in the ... Heuertz, M., Duminil, J., Dauby, G., Savolainen, V., and Hardy, O. J. (2013). Comparative phylogeography in rainforest trees ...
... Genome Biol Evol. 2012;4(3): ...
phylogeography answers are found in the Tabers Medical Dictionary powered by Unbound Medicine. Available for iPhone, iPad, ... phylogeography is a topic covered in the Tabers Medical Dictionary. To view the entire topic, please sign in or purchase a ... "Phylogeography." Tabers Medical Dictionary, 23rd ed., F.A. Davis Company, 2017. Tabers Online, www.tabers.com/tabersonline/ ... view/Tabers-Dictionary/773896/all/phylogeography. Phylogeography. In: Venes D, ed. Tabers Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis ...
  • An explicit focus on a species' biogeography/biogeographical past sets phylogeography apart from classical population genetics and phylogenetics. (wikipedia.org)
  • Phylogeography examines the spatial genetic structure of species. (degruyter.com)
  • In this report, we present our studies on the phylogeography of this species using trnL-trnF intergenic spacer of plastid genome as the DNA barcode for isolates from Indian subcontinent. (hindawi.com)
  • These changes and earlier ones during the Miocene (2.6-5.3 mya)/Pliocene (5.3-23.0 mya) were hypothesized to have influenced the phylogeography of some co-distributed neotropical vector species, including Anopheles darlingi and selected Albitarsis Complex members [ 17 ]. (intechopen.com)
  • We sequenced a standard 545 base pair section of the mitochondrial D-loop in order to construct a modern phylogeography of the two species and to make inference on historical invasion pathways and spread across the country. (frontiersin.org)
  • By using different genetic markers, at present usually DNA sequences of mitochondrial genes, phylogeography focuses on the genetic diversity within and between geographic populations of a species. (senckenberg.de)
  • The phylogeography of a wide ranging temperate species, the adder, Vipera berus, was investigated using several genetic tools, with special emphasis on the post-glacial colonisation pattern of Fennoscandia. (dissertations.se)
  • The core aim of phylogeography is to use molecular markers to infer historical biogeographic scenarios at the within-species level. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • Methods: We studied the phylogeography of three species complexes of endemic land snails, using multiple genetic markers. (datadryad.org)
  • To determine whether geographical barriers contributed to population divergence or speciation in the rare endemic cicada Subpsaltria yangi the population differentiation, genetic structure and phylogeography of the species were investigated in the Loess Plateau and adjacent areas of northwestern China by analysing mitochondrial and nuclear DNA and comparing the calling song structure of 161 male individuals. (springer.com)
  • This provides a possible example of incipient speciation in Cicadidae, improves understanding of population differentiation, acoustic signal diversification and phylogeographic relationships of this rare cicada species of conservation concern, and informs future studies on population differentiation, speciation and phylogeography of other insects with a high degree of endemism in the Helan Mountains and adjacent areas. (springer.com)
  • Phycodrys rubens is a common cold temperate red macroalga in the North Atlantic, a region with a diverse natural history that has shaped the phylogeography for many species. (uib.no)
  • We explored the phylogeography of a protected moth, Graellsia isabellae , and its two recognised host-plant species ( Pinus sylvestris and P. nigra ) in order to seek for any concordance useful to disentangle the evolutionary history of this iconic lepidopteran. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Molecular phylogeography and systematics of the arid-zone members of the Egernia whitii (Lacertilia: Scincidae) species group. (semanticscholar.org)
  • The aims of the study were to understand the phylogeography of the species, compare the biomass allocation in two regions and to determine phenological patterns of S. tegetaria between the warm and cool temperate biogeographical regions. (uwc.ac.za)
  • Little is known about S. pharaonis phylogeography, but evidence from morphology and reproductive biology suggests that Sepia pharaonis is actually a complex of at least three species. (siu.edu)
  • Phylogeography takes a population genetics and phylogenetic perspective on biogeography. (wikipedia.org)
  • In contrast, a Bayesian framework for inference of phylogeography offers the opportunity to fully reconstruct likely ancestral histories while accounting for phylogenetic uncertainty [ 4 ], and can also provide fundamental understanding of the evolutionary dynamics of human culture [ 5 ]. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • The application of phylogenetic and genomic analyses to the study of animal biodiversity and evolution, with a specific focus on mammals, is the main goal of the Phylogeny and Phylogeography of Mammals lab. (upf-csic.es)
  • This study also uncovers some un-described forms of the former genus Perisesarma and presents new insight in to the phylogeography of some phylogenetic clades. (uni-regensburg.de)
  • Last Time  Using FST to estimate migration  Direct estimates of migration: parentage analysis  Introduction to phylogenetic analysis Today  Phylogeography  Limitations of phylogenetic analysis  Coalescence introduction  Influence of demography on coalescence time UPGMA Method Use all pairwise comparisons to make dendrogram UPGMA:Unweighted Pairwise Groups Method using Arithmetic Means Hierarchically link most closely related individuals Read the Lab 9 Introduction! (studyres.com)
  • The term phylogeography was first used by John Avise in his 1987 work Intraspecific Phylogeography: The Mitochondrial DNA Bridge Between Population Genetics and Systematics. (wikipedia.org)
  • The red seaweed genus Asparagopsis Montagne (Bonnemaisoniales) was studied with respect to its taxonomy, phylogeny, phylogeography and population genetics. (open.ac.uk)
  • The components led by our research partners will consider population genetics and phylogeography at a much finer spatial scale and consider contemporary patterns of connectivity. (saiab.ac.za)
  • Troch V, Audenaert K, Bekaert B, Höfte M, Haesaert G. Phylogeography and virulence structure of the powdery mildew population on its "new" host triticale. (ugent.be)
  • Genetic divergence, population differentiation and phylogeography of the cicada Subpsaltria yangi based on molecular and acoustic data: an example of the early stage of speciation? (springer.com)
  • An international collaborative project was carried out to examine the molecular phylogeography and population genetics of C. carinatus of the Atlantic Ocean. (bios.edu)
  • Phylogeography involves the analysis of gene genealogies in a spatial context, to infer the historical processes that have shaped the current population structure and distribution of organisms. (amphibiatree.org)
  • Phylogeography and population genetics of the Australian small carpenter bee, Ceratina australensis Oppenheimer, Robert L;Shell, Wyatt A;Rehan, Sandra M 2018-06-07 00:00:00 Abstract The Australian small carpenter bee, Ceratina australensis, is the sole member of the small carpenter bees, genus Ceratina, in Australia. (deepdyve.com)
  • Phylogeography, the study of the geographic distributions of genetic variation, originally was developed using single gene or tightly linked (mitochondrial) genetic markers ( 11 ). (pnas.org)
  • We examined the phylogeography and history of giant Galápagos tortoise populations based on mitochondrial DNA sequence data from 161 individuals from 21 sampling sites representing the 11 currently recognized extant taxa. (usgs.gov)
  • Mitochondrial Phylogeography, Subspecific Taxonomy, and Conservation G" by Judith M. Rhymer, Matthew G. Fain et al. (unl.edu)
  • The authors conclude that mitochondrial sequence data suggest that the phylogeography of H. arizonensis was shaped by a history of fragmentation, reduced gene flow and demographic expansion since the late Pliocene. (blogspot.com)
  • Finally, I use an exploratory approach to investigate the phylogeny and phylogeography of the entire class Asteroidea and try to reveal their origin and evolution in the Southern Ocean. (archives-ouvertes.fr)
  • Phylogeny and phylogeography of Old World fruit bats in the Cynopterus brachyotis complex. (opwall.com)
  • and (iii) discussing the potential applications of regional phylogeography to issues in ecology, such as response to climatic change. (wiley.com)
  • Comparative phylogeography of floodplain specialist birds based on sequences of ultra. (usp.br)
  • Roe AD, Rice AV, Coltman DW, Cooke JEK, Sperling FAH (2010) Comparative phylogeography, genetic differentiation, and contrasting reproductive modes in three fungal symbionts of a multipartite bark beetle symbiosis. (datadryad.org)
  • The phylogeography based on these SNPs indicates that following recession of the Laurentide Ice Sheet, refugial populations of W. smithii dispersed northward and then westward across North America. (pnas.org)
  • One important aim of phylogeography is to identify historic processes that have caused the contemporary distribution and degree of genetic diversity, e.g. geographic isolation of populations, range expansions or a genetic depletion due to colonisation processes (genetic bottleneck). (senckenberg.de)
  • Using polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphisms, its chloroplast (cp) DNA phylogeography was studied in Mesoamerica with samples from 29 populations in six countries. (nerc.ac.uk)
  • In this study microsatellite loci as well as nuclear and mtDNA sequences were used to investigate the phylogeography and populations genetic diversity of P. rubens in the northern North Atlantic. (uib.no)
  • Bayesian phylogeography better supports a Western Amazonian origin, and consequent dispersal to the Caribbean and across the lowlands. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • Using Bayesian phylogeography framework, we showed that the H9N2 virus in mainland China may have originated from the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (SAR). (biomedcentral.com)
  • By 2000, Avise generated a seminal review of the topic in book form, in which he defined phylogeography as the study of the "principles and processes governing the geographic distributions of genealogical lineages. (wikipedia.org)
  • From 2011-2015, the Project AMPLIFIED team (Ampullariidae Model using Phylogeography, Laboratory Integration with Field Investigations into Ecology and Diversity) sought to document diversity and distribution of apple snails across Uruguay ( NSF IRES Award ). (profromi.com)
  • The study illustrates how coupling phylogeography inference with geographical information system data is critical to understand the origin and dissemination of viral pathogens and potentially predict their future spread. (mysciencework.com)
  • In 'n poging om die evolusie en biogeografie van terrestriële taksa in die Suid Pool Area te verstaan, is die eerste grootskaalse molekulêre filogenie saamgestel vir 'n unieke terrestriële groep, die ameronothoïed miete (genus Halozetes (Oribatida: Ameronothroidea)), vanaf menigte sub-Antarktiese en Maritime Antarktiese lokaliteite. (sun.ac.za)
  • Recent approaches have taken a stronger statistical approach to phylogeography than was done initially. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hendriks KP, Alciatore G, Schilthuizen M, Etienne RS (2019) Phylogeography of Bornean land snails suggests long‐distance dispersal as a cause of endemism. (datadryad.org)
  • Phylogeography of brooders support the hypothesis of a past trans‐Antarctic seaway established between the Ross and the Weddell seas during the Plio‐Pleistocene. (archives-ouvertes.fr)
  • Phylogeography of the Arizona hairy scorpion (Hadrurus arizonensis) supports a model of biotic assembly in the Mojave Desert and adds a new Pleistocene refugium. (blogspot.com)
  • Such studies use phylogeographic data to study adaptation and also can qualify as adaptive phylogeography. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • I suggest that phylogeographic techniques are underutilized, and that adopting an organismal, integrative, and iterative research program in phylogeography will reinforce the explanatory power of the discipline. (amphibiatree.org)
  • Finally, we suggest abandoning the use of the term 'phylogeography' for describing geographically contextualized genomic data from the introduced range to avoid both terminological and methodological confusion. (csic.es)
  • Chloroplast DNA phylogeography reveals colonisation history of a Neotropical tree, Cedrela odorata L., in Mesoamerica. (nerc.ac.uk)
  • The phylogeography of the vertebrate taxa occupying this region may provide insights into the evolution of faunal endemism in southeastern Africa. (up.ac.za)
  • Phylogeography is a rather young field of research that studies the spatial distribution and relationships of intraspecific lineages. (senckenberg.de)
  • High-resolution phylogenetics and phylogeography of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 subtype C epidemic in South America. (mysciencework.com)
  • The present study investigated the origin, spread and phylogeography of HIV-1C in South America. (mysciencework.com)
  • Phylogeography and phylogenetics have recently benefited from genome-wide SNP detection methods to elucidate patterns of variation in model taxa or their close relatives ( 7 , 13 ). (pnas.org)
  • The phylogeography of S. tegetaria was studied using the noncoding chloroplast DNA region rpS16 and nuclear rDNA ITS region. (uwc.ac.za)
  • Our findings revealed a complex phylogeography and history for this tortoise radiation within an insular environment and have implications for efforts to conserve these endangered biological treasures. (usgs.gov)
  • Phylogeography and epidemic history of hepatitis C virus genotype 4 in Africa. (ox.ac.uk)
  • The phylogeography of human viruses. (nih.gov)
  • Phylogeography is an integrative discipline that aims to understand the geographic ordination of genotypes. (csic.es)
  • Phylogeography is the study of the historical processes that may be responsible for the past to present geographic distributions of genealogical lineages. (wikipedia.org)
  • Herein, I describe the key processes in virus phylogeography. (nih.gov)
  • Phylogeography is the study of the historical processes that may be responsible for the contemporary geographic distributions of individuals ( Wikipedia ). (blogspot.com)
  • Phylogeography and genetic structure of the orchid Himantoglossum hircinum (L.) Spreng. (nerc.ac.uk)
  • Friday, December 11, interesting of download phylogeography, January 4, great search structures person 22-28, 2010 FoSSaCS 2010 information JavaScript store substance is original. (danijohnson.com)
  • Phylogeography of two New Zealand lizards: McCann's skink (Oligosoma maccanni) and the brown skink (O. zelandicum). (semanticscholar.org)
  • Lecture 17: Phylogenetics and Phylogeography October 22, 2012 Announcements  Exam Next Wednesday (Oct 31)  Review on Monday  Bring questions  Covers material from genetic drift (Sept 28) through Coalescence (Friday)  I will be gone Monday, Oct 29 (after office hours) through Oct 31  Bring questions on Monday! (studyres.com)