Treatment of disease by exposure to light, especially by variously concentrated light rays or specific wavelengths.
The use of ultraviolet electromagnetic radiation in the treatment of disease, usually of the skin. This is the part of the sun's spectrum that causes sunburn and tanning. Ultraviolet A, used in PUVA, is closer to visible light and less damaging than Ultraviolet B, which is ionizing.
Yellow discoloration of the SKIN; MUCOUS MEMBRANE; and SCLERA in the NEWBORN. It is a sign of NEONATAL HYPERBILIRUBINEMIA. Most cases are transient self-limiting (PHYSIOLOGICAL NEONATAL JAUNDICE) occurring in the first week of life, but some can be a sign of pathological disorders, particularly LIVER DISEASES.
Photochemotherapy using PSORALENS as the photosensitizing agent and ultraviolet light type A (UVA).
Accumulation of BILIRUBIN, a breakdown product of HEME PROTEINS, in the BLOOD during the first weeks of life. This may lead to NEONATAL JAUNDICE. The excess bilirubin may exist in the unconjugated (indirect) or the conjugated (direct) form. The condition may be self-limiting (PHYSIOLOGICAL NEONATAL JAUNDICE) or pathological with toxic levels of bilirubin.
A bile pigment that is a degradation product of HEME.
A common genetically determined, chronic, inflammatory skin disease characterized by rounded erythematous, dry, scaling patches. The lesions have a predilection for nails, scalp, genitalia, extensor surfaces, and the lumbosacral region. Accelerated epidermopoiesis is considered to be the fundamental pathologic feature in psoriasis.
A condition characterized by an abnormal increase of BILIRUBIN in the blood, which may result in JAUNDICE. Bilirubin, a breakdown product of HEME, is normally excreted in the BILE or further catabolized before excretion in the urine.
Repetitive withdrawal of small amounts of blood and replacement with donor blood until a large proportion of the blood volume has been exchanged. Used in treatment of fetal erythroblastosis, hepatic coma, sickle cell anemia, disseminated intravascular coagulation, septicemia, burns, thrombotic thrombopenic purpura, and fulminant malaria.
An infant during the first month after birth.
A term used to describe a variety of localized asymmetrical SKIN thickening that is similar to those of SYSTEMIC SCLERODERMA but without the disease features in the multiple internal organs and BLOOD VESSELS. Lesions may be characterized as patches or plaques (morphea), bands (linear), or nodules.
Personal devices for protection of the eyes from impact, flying objects, glare, liquids, or injurious radiation.
Devices which are very resistant to wear and may be used over a long period of time. They include items such as wheelchairs, hospital beds, artificial limbs, etc.
A term used pathologically to describe BILIRUBIN staining of the BASAL GANGLIA; BRAIN STEM; and CEREBELLUM and clinically to describe a syndrome associated with HYPERBILIRUBINEMIA. Clinical features include athetosis, MUSCLE SPASTICITY or hypotonia, impaired vertical gaze, and DEAFNESS. Nonconjugated bilirubin enters the brain and acts as a neurotoxin, often in association with conditions that impair the BLOOD-BRAIN BARRIER (e.g., SEPSIS). This condition occurs primarily in neonates (INFANT, NEWBORN), but may rarely occur in adults. (Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, p613)
A disorder consisting of areas of macular depigmentation, commonly on extensor aspects of extremities, on the face or neck, and in skin folds. Age of onset is often in young adulthood and the condition tends to progress gradually with lesions enlarging and extending until a quiescent state is reached.
Treatment using irradiation with LASER light of low power intensity so that the effects are not due to heat, as they are in LASER THERAPY.
A complex mixture of monomeric and aggregated porphyrins used in the photodynamic therapy of tumors (HEMATOPORPHYRIN PHOTORADIATION). A purified component of this mixture is known as DIHEMATOPORPHYRIN ETHER.
Iron-free derivatives of heme with 4 methyl groups, 2 hydroxyethyl groups and 2 propionic acid groups attached to the pyrrole rings. Some of these PHOTOSENSITIZING AGENTS are used in the PHOTOTHERAPY of malignant NEOPLASMS.
Mutant strain of Rattus norvegicus which is used as a disease model of kernicterus.
An oral retinoid effective in the treatment of psoriasis. It is the major metabolite of ETRETINATE with the advantage of a much shorter half-life when compared with etretinate.
Persistence of the nuclei of the keratinocytes into the stratum corneum of the skin. This is a normal state only in the epithelium of true mucous membranes in the mouth and vagina. (Dorland, 27th ed)
Drugs that are pharmacologically inactive but when exposed to ultraviolet radiation or sunlight are converted to their active metabolite to produce a beneficial reaction affecting the diseased tissue. These compounds can be administered topically or systemically and have been used therapeutically to treat psoriasis and various types of neoplasms.
A clinical manifestation of HYPERBILIRUBINEMIA, characterized by the yellowish staining of the SKIN; MUCOUS MEMBRANE; and SCLERA. Clinical jaundice usually is a sign of LIVER dysfunction.
Community health and NURSING SERVICES providing coordinated multiple services to the patient at the patient's homes. These home-care services are provided by a visiting nurse, home health agencies, HOSPITALS, or organized community groups using professional staff for care delivery. It differs from HOME NURSING which is provided by non-professionals.
Hospital facilities which provide care for newborn infants.
Linear TETRAPYRROLES that give a characteristic color to BILE including: BILIRUBIN; BILIVERDIN; and bilicyanin.
A condition caused by a deficiency or a loss of melanin pigmentation in the epidermis, also known as hypomelanosis. Hypopigmentation can be localized or generalized, and may result from genetic defects, trauma, inflammation, or infections.
The term applied to a group of relatively uncommon inflammatory, maculopapular, scaly eruptions of unknown etiology and resistant to conventional treatment. Eruptions are both psoriatic and lichenoid in appearance, but the diseases are distinct from psoriasis, lichen planus, or other recognized dermatoses. Proposed nomenclature divides parapsoriasis into two distinct subgroups, PITYRIASIS LICHENOIDES and parapsoriasis en plaques (small- and large-plaque parapsoriasis).
Inborn errors of bilirubin metabolism resulting in excessive amounts of bilirubin in the circulating blood, either because of increased bilirubin production or because of delayed clearance of bilirubin from the blood.
An anthracene derivative that disrupts MITOCHONDRIA function and structure and is used for the treatment of DERMATOSES, especially PSORIASIS. It may cause FOLLICULITIS.
Therapy using oral or topical photosensitizing agents with subsequent exposure to light.
Conditions in which there is histological damage to the lower epidermis along with a grouped chronic inflammatory infiltrate in the papillary dermis disturbing the interface between the epidermis and dermis. LICHEN PLANUS is the prototype of all lichenoid eruptions. (From Rook et al., Textbook of Dermatology, 4th ed, p398)
'Infant, Premature, Diseases' refers to health conditions or abnormalities that specifically affect babies born before 37 weeks of gestation, often resulting from their immature organ systems and increased vulnerability due to preterm birth.
A medical specialty concerned with the skin, its structure, functions, diseases, and treatment.
'Skin diseases' is a broad term for various conditions affecting the skin, including inflammatory disorders, infections, benign and malignant tumors, congenital abnormalities, and degenerative diseases, which can cause symptoms such as rashes, discoloration, eruptions, lesions, itching, or pain.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
A form of phototherapy using color to influence health and to treat various physical or mental disorders. The color rays may be in the visible or invisible spectrum and can be administered through colored lights or applied mentally through suggestion.
Redness of the skin produced by congestion of the capillaries. This condition may result from a variety of causes.
A condition characterized by the abnormal presence of ERYTHROBLASTS in the circulation of the FETUS or NEWBORNS. It is a disorder due to BLOOD GROUP INCOMPATIBILITY, such as the maternal alloimmunization by fetal antigen RH FACTORS leading to HEMOLYSIS of ERYTHROCYTES, hemolytic anemia (ANEMIA, HEMOLYTIC), general edema (HYDROPS FETALIS), and SEVERE JAUNDICE IN NEWBORN.
An infant whose weight at birth is less than 1000 grams (2.2 lbs), regardless of GESTATIONAL AGE.
Devices designed to provide personal protection against injury to individuals exposed to hazards in industry, sports, aviation, or daily activities.
A naturally occurring furocoumarin compound found in several species of plants, including Psoralea corylifolia. It is a photoactive substance that forms DNA ADDUCTS in the presence of ultraviolet A irradiation.
The part of the face above the eyes.
Drugs used to treat or prevent skin disorders or for the routine care of skin.

Bright light treatment used for adaptation to night work and re-adaptation back to day life. A field study at an oil platform in the North Sea. (1/446)

Night workers complain of sleepiness, reduced performance and disturbed sleep due to lack of adjustment of the circadian rhythm. In simulated night-work experiments scheduled exposure to bright light has been shown to reduce these complaints. Here we studied the effects of bright light treatment on the adaptation to 14 days of consecutive night work at an oil platform in the North Sea, and the subsequent readaptation to day life at home, using the Karolinska sleep/wake diary. Bright light treatment of 30 min per exposure was applied during the first 4 nights of the night-shift period and the first 4 days at home following the shift period. The bright light exposure was scheduled individually to phase delay the circadian rhythm. Bright light treatment modestly facilitated the subjective adaptation to night work, but the positive effect of bright light was especially pronounced during the re-adaptation back to day life following the return home. Sleepiness was reduced and the quality of day was rated better after exposure to bright light. The modest effect of bright light at the platform was, possibly, related to the finding that the workers seemed to adapt to night work within a few days even without bright light. These results suggest that short-term bright light treatment may help the adaptation to an extended night-work period, and especially the subsequent re-adaptation to day life.  (+info)

Light treatment enhances photoreceptor survival in dystrophic retinas of Royal College of Surgeons rats. (2/446)

PURPOSE: To determine whether treatment with bright light elicits a protective response that enhances photoreceptor survival in Royal College of Surgeons (RCS) rats with inherited retinal degeneration. METHODS: RCS rats were illuminated for 10 to 12 hours with 130 foot-candles (fc) of white or green light. Untreated littermates that were kept under low cyclic light levels were used as control subjects. Photoreceptor survival was determined by quantitative analysis of photoreceptor nuclei and ultrastructural assessment of cellular organization. Basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) and ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF) gene expression were determined at the mRNA and protein levels. RESULTS: Treatments of RCS rats with a single dose of bright light on postnatal day 23 (P23) greatly enhanced photoreceptor survival. Ultrasturctural analysis revealed intact inner segments in light-treated retinas, whereas in untreated retinas only remnants of inner segments were observed. By P42, numerous viable nuclei were counted in the posterior retina of light-treated rats, whereas most of the remaining nuclei in untreated RCS rat retinas were highly pyknotic. At 2.5 days after treatment with a single dose of bright light, bFGF gene expression was significantly higher than in untreated RCS rat retinas. By P42, bFGF protein levels were still significantly higher in the treated retinas. CONCLUSIONS: Exogenous bFGF has been shown to promote photoreceptor survival in the RCS rat retina. Thus, the increased bFGF expression that was measured in the light-treated RCS rat retinas may be a protective response to light stress, which supports the observed rescue of photoreceptors in light-treated RCS rat retinas.  (+info)

Combination photoimmunotherapy and cisplatin: effects on human ovarian cancer ex vivo. (3/446)

BACKGROUND: Patients with ovarian cancer that is clinically resistant to cisplatin-based chemotherapy have little hope of a cure of their disease. Photoimmunotherapy, which involves the antibody-targeted delivery of a nontoxic photosensitizer that is activated to a cytotoxic state with visible light, may offer a new treatment option. Photoimmunotherapy may be applied intraperitoneally to target disseminated tumor. We tested the hypothesis that this treatment in combination with cisplatin potentiates cytotoxicity in ovarian cancer cell lines and primary cultures of human tumors. METHODS: Five human cancer cell lines (ovarian and breast) and 19 primary cultures were studied. The primary cultures were from solid and ascites tumor samples obtained from 14 patients with ovarian cancer who were undergoing primary surgery. The photosensitizer chlorin e(6) was conjugated to the F(ab')(2) fragment of the murine monoclonal antibody OC-125, which is directed against the antigen CA 125. Cytotoxicity was measured by the microculture tetrazolium assay. Treatments consisted of cisplatin alone, photoimmunotherapy alone, and photoimmunotherapy followed by cisplatin. The fractional product method was used to assess synergy in treatment effects. Ex vivo cultured human cells exhibiting 80% or greater survival at cisplatin concentrations of 10 microM for 24 hours were defined as cisplatin resistant for this study. RESULTS: When all cell types (cisplatin sensitive and cisplatin resistant) were considered together, combination treatment yielded cytotoxicity that was, on average, 6.9 times (95% confidence interval = 1.86-11.94) greater than that of cisplatin alone (two-sided P =.023). Cisplatin-resistant cells showed a synergistic effect of the two treatments (two-sided P =.044), while cisplatin-sensitive cells showed an additive effect. CONCLUSION: These ex vivo data suggest that platinum resistance in human ovarian cancer cells may be reversible by pretreatment with OC-125-targeted photoimmunotherapy. Further studies are required to confirm the efficacy of this approach in vivo.  (+info)

Atopic dermatitis: a review of diagnosis and treatment. (4/446)

Atopic dermatitis is a common, potentially debilitating condition that can compromise quality of life. Its most frequent symptom is pruritus. Attempts to relieve the itch by scratching simply worsen the rash, creating a vicious circle. Treatment should be directed at limiting itching, repairing the skin and decreasing inflammation when necessary. Lubricants, antihistamines and topical corticosteroids are the mainstays of therapy. When required, oral corticosteroids can be used. If pruritus does not respond to treatment, other diagnoses, such as bacterial overgrowth or viral infections, should be considered. Treatment options are available for refractory atopic dermatitis, but these measures should be reserved for use in unique situations and typically require consultation with a dermatologist or an allergist.  (+info)

Intermittent bright light and exercise to entrain human circadian rhythms to night work. (5/446)

Bright light can phase shift human circadian rhythms, and recent studies have suggested that exercise can also produce phase shifts in humans. However, few studies have examined the phase-shifting effects of intermittent bright light, exercise, or the combination. This simulated night work field study included eight consecutive night shifts followed by daytime sleep/dark periods (delayed 9 h from baseline). There were 33 subjects in a 2 x 2 design that compared 1) intermittent bright light (6 pulses, 40-min long each, at 5,000 lx) versus dim light and 2) intermittent exercise (6 bouts, 15-min long each, at 50-60% of maximum heart rate) versus no exercise. Bright light and exercise occurred during the first 6 h of the first three night shifts. The circadian phase marker was the demasked rectal temperature minimum. Intermittent bright-light groups had significantly larger phase delays than dim-light groups, and 94% of subjects who received bright light had phase shifts large enough for the temperature minimum to reach daytime sleep. Exercise did not affect phase shifts; neither facilitating nor inhibiting phase shifts produced by bright light.  (+info)

Comparison of the treatment of herpes genitalis in men with proflavine photoinactivation, idoxuridine ointment, and normal saline. (6/446)

36 male patients with genital infection by HSV confirmed by culture were each allocated to one of three treatment groups: (1) Proflavine photoinactivation, (2) 0.5 per cent. idoxuridine ointment (IDU), (3) Normal saline. They were assessed objectively at each attendance by measurement of the lesions with an operating microscope fitted with a measuring grid in one eyepiece. Material for culture for HSV was taken at each visit; the presence of symptoms (pain, discomfort, and irritation) was noted. The areas of lesions in the proflavine photoinactivation group remained larger significantly longer than in the other groups, the healing time was slower, and HSV could be isolated for longer. It is concluded that proflavine photoinactivation is of no greater value than 0.5 per cent. IDU or normal saline in the treatment of genital infection by HSV in the male.  (+info)

The urinary concentrating defect in the Gunn strain of rat. Role of bilirubin. (7/446)

The role of high serum and tissue levels of unconjegated bilirubin in the pathogenesis of the impaired urinary concentrating ability was investigated in homozygous (jj) Gunn rats with the congenital absence of hepatic glucuronyl transferase. Continuous phototherapy with blue fluorescent lights at a wave length of 460 nm or oral cholestyramine feeding or both reduced serum levels of unconjugated hilirubin to levels consistently below 3.0 mg/100 ml for several weeks in both weanling and adult jj Gunn rats. The renal concentrating defect was already present in weanling jj Gunn rats by 21 days of age. In treated weanling jj animals, maximum concentrating ability and the concentration of urea and nonurea solutes in the papilla and medulla, determined after 24 h of fluid deprivation, were normal when compared to unaffected heterozygous (Jj) littermates. Solute-free water reabsorption which is reduced in jaundiced jj Gunn rats was restored to normal in treated weanling jj rats. The tissue concentration of unconjugated bilirubin was reduced throughout the papilla and inner and outer medulla in the treated jj rats in comparison with untreated jj littermates. The defect in urinary concentrating ability was only partially reversible and sometimes irreversible in adult jj rats, probably because of permanent renal parenchymal damage occurring secondary to massive crystalline deposits in the papilla and medulla. It is concluded that unconjugated bilirubin is directly involved in the pathogenesis of the concentrating defect in jaundiced jj Gunn rats.  (+info)

Light therapy for seasonal affective disorder in primary care: randomised controlled trial. (8/446)

BACKGROUND: Studies of light therapy have not been conducted previously in primary care. AIMS: To evaluate light therapy in primary care. METHOD: Fifty-seven participants with seasonal affective disorder were randomly allocated to 4 weeks of bright white or dim red light. Baseline expectations for treatment were assessed. Outcome was assessed with the Structured Interview Guide for the Hamilton Depression Scale, Seasonal Affective Disorder Version. RESULTS: Both groups showed decreases in symptom scores of more than 40%. There were no differences in proportions of responders in either group, regardless of the remission criteria applied, with around 60% (74% white light, 57% red light) meeting broad criteria for response and 31% (30% white light, 33% red light) meeting strict criteria. There were no differences in treatment expectations. CONCLUSIONS: Primary care patients with seasonal affective disorder improve after light therapy, but bright white light is not associated with greater improvements.  (+info)

Phototherapy is a medical treatment that involves the use of light to manage or improve certain conditions. It can be delivered in various forms, such as natural light exposure or artificial light sources, including lasers, light-emitting diodes (LEDs), or fluorescent lamps. The wavelength and intensity of light are carefully controlled to achieve specific therapeutic effects.

Phototherapy is most commonly used for newborns with jaundice to help break down bilirubin in the skin, reducing its levels in the bloodstream. This type of phototherapy is called bilirubin lights or bili lights.

In dermatology, phototherapy can be applied to treat various skin conditions like psoriasis, eczema, vitiligo, and acne. Narrowband ultraviolet B (UVB) therapy, PUVA (psoralen plus UVA), and blue or red light therapies are some examples of dermatological phototherapies.

Phototherapy can also be used to alleviate symptoms of seasonal affective disorder (SAD) and other mood disorders by exposing patients to bright artificial light, which helps regulate their circadian rhythms and improve their mood. This form of phototherapy is called light therapy or bright light therapy.

It's essential to consult a healthcare professional before starting any phototherapy treatment, as inappropriate use can lead to adverse effects.

Ultraviolet (UV) therapy, also known as phototherapy, is a medical treatment that uses ultraviolet light to treat various skin conditions. The UV light can be delivered through natural sunlight or artificial sources, such as specialized lamps or lasers.

In medical settings, controlled doses of UV light are used to target specific areas of the skin. The most common type of UV therapy is narrowband UVB (NB-UVB) phototherapy, which uses a specific wavelength of UVB light to treat conditions such as psoriasis, eczema, vitiligo, and dermatitis.

The goal of UV therapy is to reduce inflammation, slow skin cell growth, and improve the overall appearance of the skin. It is important to note that while UV therapy can be effective in treating certain skin conditions, it also carries risks such as skin aging and an increased risk of skin cancer. Therefore, it should only be administered under the supervision of a qualified healthcare professional.

Neonatal jaundice is a medical condition characterized by the yellowing of a newborn baby's skin and eyes due to an excess of bilirubin in the blood. Bilirubin is a yellowish substance produced by the normal breakdown of red blood cells, which are then processed by the liver and excreted through the bile. In neonatal jaundice, the liver is not yet fully developed and cannot process bilirubin quickly enough, leading to its accumulation in the body.

Neonatal jaundice typically appears within the first 2-4 days of life and can range from mild to severe. Mild cases may resolve on their own without treatment, while more severe cases may require medical intervention such as phototherapy or a blood transfusion. Risk factors for neonatal jaundice include prematurity, bruising during birth, blood type incompatibility between mother and baby, and certain genetic disorders.

It is important to monitor newborns closely for signs of jaundice and seek medical attention if concerned, as untreated neonatal jaundice can lead to serious complications such as brain damage or hearing loss.

PUVA therapy is a type of treatment that uses both medication and light to treat certain skin conditions, such as psoriasis, eczema, and cutaneous T-cell lymphoma. The name "PUVA" stands for Psoralen + UVA, which refers to the two main components of the therapy:

1. Psoralen: This is a medication that makes the skin more sensitive to light. It can be taken orally or applied directly to the skin in the form of a cream or bath.
2. UVA: This stands for Ultraviolet A, which is a type of light that is part of the natural sunlight spectrum. In PUVA therapy, the skin is exposed to a controlled dose of UVA light in a special booth or room.

When psoralen is introduced into the body, it absorbs into the skin and makes it more sensitive to UVA light. When the skin is then exposed to UVA light, it triggers a chemical reaction that slows down the growth of affected skin cells. This helps to reduce inflammation, scaling, and other symptoms associated with the skin condition being treated.

It's important to note that PUVA therapy can have side effects, including sunburn, itching, redness, and an increased risk of skin cancer over time. As such, it is typically used as a second-line treatment when other therapies have not been effective, and it is closely monitored by a healthcare professional to ensure its safe and effective use.

Neonatal hyperbilirubinemia is a condition characterized by an excessively high level of bilirubin in the blood of newborn infants. Bilirubin is a yellowish pigment produced by the normal breakdown of red blood cells. Normally, bilirubin is processed by the liver and excreted through the bile into the digestive system. However, in neonatal hyperbilirubinemia, the liver may be unable to process bilirubin quickly enough, leading to its accumulation in the bloodstream. This can cause the skin and eyes of the newborn to appear yellow, a condition known as jaundice.

Neonatal hyperbilirubinemia is relatively common and usually resolves on its own within a few days or weeks. However, if bilirubin levels become too high, they can cause brain damage (kernicterus) in severe cases. Treatment may include phototherapy to help break down bilirubin, exchange transfusions, or other interventions to support liver function and reduce bilirubin levels.

Bilirubin is a yellowish pigment that is produced by the liver when it breaks down old red blood cells. It is a normal byproduct of hemoglobin metabolism and is usually conjugated (made water-soluble) in the liver before being excreted through the bile into the digestive system. Elevated levels of bilirubin can cause jaundice, a yellowing of the skin and eyes. Increased bilirubin levels may indicate liver disease or other medical conditions such as gallstones or hemolysis. It is also measured to assess liver function and to help diagnose various liver disorders.

Psoriasis is a chronic skin disorder that is characterized by recurrent episodes of red, scaly patches on the skin. The scales are typically silvery-white and often occur on the elbows, knees, scalp, and lower back, but they can appear anywhere on the body. The exact cause of psoriasis is unknown, but it is believed to be related to an immune system issue that causes skin cells to grow too quickly.

There are several types of psoriasis, including plaque psoriasis (the most common form), guttate psoriasis, inverse psoriasis, pustular psoriasis, and erythrodermic psoriasis. The symptoms and severity of the condition can vary widely from person to person, ranging from mild to severe.

While there is no cure for psoriasis, various treatments are available that can help manage the symptoms and improve quality of life. These may include topical medications, light therapy, and systemic medications such as biologics. Lifestyle measures such as stress reduction, quitting smoking, and avoiding triggers (such as certain foods or alcohol) may also be helpful in managing psoriasis.

Hyperbilirubinemia is a medical condition characterized by an excessively high level of bilirubin in the bloodstream. Bilirubin is a yellowish pigment produced by the liver when it breaks down old red blood cells. Normally, bilirubin is conjugated (made water-soluble) in the liver and then excreted through the bile into the digestive system. However, if there is a problem with the liver's ability to process or excrete bilirubin, it can build up in the blood, leading to hyperbilirubinemia.

Hyperbilirubinemia can be classified as either unconjugated or conjugated, depending on whether the bilirubin is in its direct (conjugated) or indirect (unconjugated) form. Unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia can occur due to increased production of bilirubin (such as in hemolytic anemia), decreased uptake of bilirubin by the liver, or impaired conjugation of bilirubin in the liver. Conjugated hyperbilirubinemia, on the other hand, is usually caused by a problem with the excretion of conjugated bilirubin into the bile, such as in cholestatic liver diseases like hepatitis or cirrhosis.

Symptoms of hyperbilirubinemia can include jaundice (yellowing of the skin and eyes), dark urine, light-colored stools, itching, and fatigue. Treatment depends on the underlying cause of the condition and may involve medications, dietary changes, or surgery.

An exchange transfusion of whole blood is a medical procedure in which a patient's blood is gradually replaced with donor whole blood. This procedure is typically performed in newborns or infants who have severe jaundice caused by excessive levels of bilirubin, a yellowish pigment that forms when hemoglobin from red blood cells breaks down.

During an exchange transfusion, the baby's blood is removed through a vein or artery and replaced with donor whole blood through another vein or artery. The process is repeated several times until a significant portion of the baby's blood has been exchanged with donor blood. This helps to reduce the levels of bilirubin in the baby's blood, which can help prevent or treat brain damage caused by excessive bilirubin.

Exchange transfusions are typically performed in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) and require close monitoring by a team of healthcare professionals. The procedure carries some risks, including infection, bleeding, and changes in blood pressure or heart rate. However, it can be a lifesaving treatment for newborns with severe jaundice who are at risk of developing serious complications.

A newborn infant is a baby who is within the first 28 days of life. This period is also referred to as the neonatal period. Newborns require specialized care and attention due to their immature bodily systems and increased vulnerability to various health issues. They are closely monitored for signs of well-being, growth, and development during this critical time.

Localized scleroderma, also known as morphea, is a rare autoimmune disorder that affects the skin and connective tissues. It is characterized by thickening and hardening (sclerosis) of the skin in patches or bands, usually on the trunk, limbs, or face. Unlike systemic scleroderma, localized scleroderma does not affect internal organs, although it can cause significant disfigurement and disability in some cases.

There are two main types of localized scleroderma: plaque morphea and generalized morphea. Plaque morphea typically presents as oval or circular patches of thickened, hard skin that are often white or pale in the center and surrounded by a purple or darker border. Generalized morphea, on the other hand, is characterized by larger areas of sclerosis that can cover much of the body surface.

The exact cause of localized scleroderma is not fully understood, but it is thought to involve an overactive immune system response that leads to inflammation and scarring of the skin and underlying tissues. Treatment typically involves a combination of topical therapies (such as corticosteroids or calcineurin inhibitors), phototherapy, and systemic medications (such as methotrexate or mycophenolate mofetil) in more severe cases.

Eye protective devices are specialized equipment designed to protect the eyes from various hazards and injuries. They include items such as safety glasses, goggles, face shields, welding helmets, and full-face respirators. These devices are engineered to provide a barrier between the eyes and potential dangers like chemical splashes, impact particles, radiation, and other environmental hazards.

Safety glasses are designed to protect against flying debris, dust, and other airborne particles. They typically have side shields to prevent objects from entering the eye from the sides. Goggles offer a higher level of protection than safety glasses as they form a protective seal around the eyes, preventing liquids and fine particles from reaching the eyes.

Face shields and welding helmets are used in industrial settings to protect against radiation, sparks, and molten metal during welding or cutting operations. Full-face respirators are used in environments with harmful airborne particles or gases, providing protection for both the eyes and the respiratory system.

It is essential to choose the appropriate eye protective device based on the specific hazard present to ensure adequate protection.

Durable Medical Equipment (DME) is defined in the medical field as medical equipment that is:

1. Durable: able to withstand repeated use.
2. Primarily and customarily used for a medical purpose: intended to be used for a medical reason and not for comfort or convenience.
3. Generally not useful to a person in the absence of an illness or injury: not typically used by people who are healthy.
4. Prescribed by a physician: recommended by a doctor to treat a specific medical condition or illness.

Examples of DME include wheelchairs, hospital beds, walkers, and oxygen concentrators. These items are designed to assist individuals with injuries or chronic conditions in performing activities of daily living and improving their quality of life. DME is typically covered by health insurance plans, including Medicare and Medicaid, with a doctor's prescription.

Kernicterus is a severe form of brain damage caused by high levels of bilirubin, a yellow pigment that forms when red blood cells break down. It's most commonly seen in newborns, particularly those with a condition called ABO or Rh incompatibility, where the baby's blood type is different from the mother's. This can lead to an increased breakdown of the baby's red blood cells and a buildup of bilirubin.

In kernicterus, the bilirubin reaches such high levels that it becomes toxic and can damage the brain, particularly areas like the basal ganglia and brainstem. This can result in symptoms such as severe jaundice (a yellowing of the skin and eyes), lethargy, high-pitched crying, poor feeding, and eventually seizures, hearing loss, and developmental delays.

Kernicterus is preventable with timely treatment, which may include phototherapy (using light to break down bilirubin) or exchange transfusion (replacing the baby's blood with fresh donor blood). If you suspect your newborn has jaundice or if their skin appears yellow, it's important to seek medical attention immediately.

Vitiligo is a medical condition characterized by the loss of pigmentation in patches of skin, resulting in irregular white depigmented areas. It's caused by the destruction of melanocytes, the cells responsible for producing melanin, which gives our skin its color. The exact cause of vitiligo is not fully understood, but it's thought to be an autoimmune disorder where the immune system mistakenly attacks and destroys melanocytes. It can affect people of any age, gender, or ethnicity, although it may be more noticeable in people with darker skin tones. The progression of vitiligo is unpredictable and can vary from person to person. Treatment options include topical creams, light therapy, oral medications, and surgical procedures, but the effectiveness of these treatments varies depending on the individual case.

Low-level laser therapy (LLLT), also known as cold laser or soft laser, is a form of phototherapy which uses low-intensity lasers or light-emitting diodes to treat various medical conditions. The laser beam is usually applied directly to the skin and penetrates up to several centimeters into the tissue without causing heat damage or pain.

The therapeutic effect of LLLT is believed to be due to the bio-stimulation of cellular processes, including increased ATP production, modulation of reactive oxygen species, and activation of signaling pathways that promote tissue repair and reduce inflammation. The wavelength and power density of the laser light are important factors in determining its biological effects.

LLLT has been used to treat a variety of conditions such as musculoskeletal pain, wound healing, skin rejuvenation, hair growth, and neurological disorders. However, its efficacy is still a subject of ongoing research and debate, with some studies reporting positive results while others showing no significant benefits compared to placebo.

It's important to note that LLLT should only be administered by trained healthcare professionals, as improper use can lead to eye damage or other adverse effects.

Hematoporphyrin derivative (HPD) is not a medical term per se, but rather a historical term used in the field of oncology to describe a mixture of porphyrin derivatives. HPD was initially developed as a photosensitizer for photodynamic therapy (PDT), a type of cancer treatment that uses light to activate a chemical, which then reacts with oxygen to kill nearby cells.

HPD is derived from hematoporphyrin, a naturally occurring porphyrin found in small amounts in blood. The derivative is created through a series of chemical reactions that result in a mixture of monomeric and dimeric porphyrins. These compounds have the ability to accumulate in cancer cells, making them more sensitive to light-induced damage during PDT.

Although HPD was an important early photosensitizer in the development of PDT, it has largely been replaced by more efficient and specific agents, such as Photofrin and temoporfin. Nonetheless, the concept and principles behind HPD's use in PDT remain relevant to the ongoing research and clinical application of this promising cancer treatment modality.

Hematoporphyrins are porphyrin derivatives that contain iron and are found in hemoglobin, the oxygen-carrying protein in red blood cells. Specifically, hematoporphyrin is a complex organic compound with the chemical formula C34H32N4O4Fe. It is a reddish-brown powder that is soluble in alcohol and ether but insoluble in water.

Hematoporphyrins have been studied for their potential use in photodynamic therapy, which involves using light to activate a photosensitizing agent like hematoporphyrin to destroy cancer cells. However, other porphyrin derivatives such as Photofrin are more commonly used in clinical practice due to their superior properties and safety profile.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Rats, Gunn" is not a recognized medical term or phrase. It appears to be a nonsensical expression without specific meaning in the context of medicine or healthcare. If you have any questions about medical terminology or concepts, I would be happy to try and help answer those for you!

Acitretin is a synthetic form of retinoic acid, which is a type of vitamin A. It is used to treat severe psoriasis and other skin conditions. Acitretin works by slowing down the rapid growth of skin cells that cause the symptoms of psoriasis. It comes in the form of a capsule and is taken orally.

Common side effects of acitretin include dryness of the skin, lips, and mouth, itching, peeling, redness, or stickiness of the palms and soles, hair loss, and changes in nail growth. Less common but more serious side effects can include liver damage, increased levels of lipids in the blood, and birth defects if taken during pregnancy.

It is important to note that acitretin can cause birth defects, so women who are pregnant or planning to become pregnant should not take this medication. Additionally, because acitretin can remain in the body for a long time, it is recommended that women of childbearing age use effective contraception while taking this medication and for at least three years after stopping it.

Parakeratosis is a medical term that refers to a skin condition where the outermost layer of the skin (the stratum corneum) contains nucleated keratinocytes, which are cells that have not fully matured and still contain their nuclei. This is in contrast to normal stratum corneum, which consists of flat, dead keratinocytes without nuclei.

Parakeratosis can occur in various skin disorders, such as psoriasis, eczema, warts, and certain types of dermatitis. It can also be seen in some benign or malignant skin tumors. The presence of parakeratosis may indicate abnormal differentiation or proliferation of the skin cells, which can contribute to the development of skin lesions or diseases.

In addition to its role in skin disorders, parakeratosis has been implicated in the pathogenesis of certain gastrointestinal diseases, such as Barrett's esophagus and colon cancer, where it is associated with abnormal cell growth and increased risk of malignancy.

Photosensitizing agents are substances that, when exposed to light, particularly ultraviolet or visible light, can cause chemical reactions leading to the production of reactive oxygen species. These reactive oxygen species can interact with biological tissues, leading to damage and a variety of phototoxic or photoallergic adverse effects.

Photosensitizing agents are used in various medical fields, including dermatology and oncology. In dermatology, they are often used in the treatment of conditions such as psoriasis and eczema, where a photosensitizer is applied to the skin and then activated with light to reduce inflammation and slow the growth of skin cells.

In oncology, photosensitizing agents are used in photodynamic therapy (PDT), a type of cancer treatment that involves administering a photosensitizer, allowing it to accumulate in cancer cells, and then exposing the area to light. The light activates the photosensitizer, which produces reactive oxygen species that damage the cancer cells, leading to their death.

Examples of photosensitizing agents include porphyrins, chlorophyll derivatives, and certain antibiotics such as tetracyclines and fluoroquinolones. It is important for healthcare providers to be aware of the potential for photosensitivity when prescribing these medications and to inform patients of the risks associated with exposure to light.

Jaundice is a medical condition characterized by the yellowing of the skin, sclera (whites of the eyes), and mucous membranes due to an excess of bilirubin in the bloodstream. Bilirubin is a yellow-orange pigment produced when hemoglobin from red blood cells is broken down. Normally, bilirubin is processed by the liver and excreted through bile into the digestive system. However, if there's an issue with bilirubin metabolism or elimination, it can accumulate in the body, leading to jaundice.

Jaundice can be a symptom of various underlying conditions, such as liver diseases (hepatitis, cirrhosis), gallbladder issues (gallstones, tumors), or blood disorders (hemolysis). It is essential to consult a healthcare professional if jaundice is observed, as it may indicate a severe health problem requiring prompt medical attention.

Home care services, also known as home health care, refer to a wide range of health and social services delivered at an individual's residence. These services are designed to help people who have special needs or disabilities, those recovering from illness or surgery, and the elderly or frail who require assistance with activities of daily living (ADLs) or skilled nursing care.

Home care services can include:

1. Skilled Nursing Care: Provided by registered nurses (RNs), licensed practical nurses (LPNs), or licensed vocational nurses (LVNs) to administer medications, wound care, injections, and other medical treatments. They also monitor the patient's health status, provide education on disease management, and coordinate with other healthcare professionals.
2. Therapy Services: Occupational therapists, physical therapists, and speech-language pathologists help patients regain strength, mobility, coordination, balance, and communication skills after an illness or injury. They develop personalized treatment plans to improve the patient's ability to perform daily activities independently.
3. Personal Care/Assistance with Activities of Daily Living (ADLs): Home health aides and personal care assistants provide assistance with bathing, dressing, grooming, toileting, and other personal care tasks. They may also help with light housekeeping, meal preparation, and shopping.
4. Social Work Services: Provided by licensed social workers who assess the patient's psychosocial needs, connect them to community resources, and provide counseling and support for patients and their families.
5. Nutritional Support: Registered dietitians evaluate the patient's nutritional status, develop meal plans, and provide education on special diets or feeding techniques as needed.
6. Telehealth Monitoring: Remote monitoring of a patient's health status using technology such as video conferencing, wearable devices, or mobile apps to track vital signs, medication adherence, and symptoms. This allows healthcare providers to monitor patients closely and adjust treatment plans as necessary without requiring in-person visits.
7. Hospice Care: End-of-life care provided in the patient's home to manage pain, provide emotional support, and address spiritual needs. The goal is to help the patient maintain dignity and quality of life during their final days.
8. Respite Care: Temporary relief for family caregivers who need a break from caring for their loved ones. This can include short-term stays in assisted living facilities or hiring professional caregivers to provide in-home support.

A "Nursery, Hospital" is a specialized unit within a hospital that provides care for newborn infants, particularly those who are born prematurely or sick. Also known as a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), it is equipped with advanced medical technology and staffed by healthcare professionals trained in the care of newborns, including neonatologists, neonatal nurses, and respiratory therapists.

The nursery provides a range of services, such as monitoring vital signs, providing nutrition and hydration, administering medications, and performing medical procedures as needed. It may also offer developmental care to promote the growth and development of premature infants. The level of care provided in a hospital nursery can vary, with some units offering more intensive care for critically ill newborns and others providing less intensive care for those who are stable but require monitoring and support.

Bile pigments are the yellow-brown colored end products of hemoglobin breakdown in the liver. Hemoglobin is a protein found in red blood cells that carries oxygen throughout the body. When these cells are broken down, heme (the non-protein part of hemoglobin) is converted into biliverdin, which is then converted into bilirubin. Bilirubin is further metabolized and excreted by the liver as a component of bile, a digestive fluid that helps break down fats in the small intestine.

Under normal conditions, the liver effectively removes and excretes bilirubin from the body through the bile ducts into the small intestine. However, when there is an overproduction of bilirubin or a problem with its elimination, it can accumulate in the blood, leading to jaundice (yellowing of the skin and eyes) and other symptoms associated with liver dysfunction.

In summary, bile pigments are the waste products formed during the breakdown of hemoglobin, primarily consisting of bilirubin, which is eliminated from the body via the liver and bile ducts.

Hypopigmentation is a medical term that refers to a condition where there is a decrease in the amount of pigment (melanin) in the skin, resulting in lighter patches or spots on the skin. This can occur due to various reasons such as skin injuries, certain skin disorders like vitiligo, fungal infections, burns, or as a side effect of some medical treatments like chemotherapy or radiation therapy. It is different from albinism, which is a genetic condition where the body is unable to produce melanin at all.

Parapsoriasis is a term used to describe two uncommon, chronic, and relatively benign inflammatory skin conditions. These are small plaque parapsoriasis (SPP) and large plaque parapsoriasis (LPP), also known as retiform or digitate dermatosis of Köbner.

Small plaque parapsoriasis is characterized by scaly, thin, pink to red patches or plaques, usually less than 3-5 cm in diameter. The lesions are often asymptomatic or mildly pruritic and can be found on the trunk and proximal extremities.

Large plaque parapsoriasis presents as larger, irregularly shaped, scaly patches or thin plaques, typically greater than 5 cm in diameter. The lesions are often asymptomatic but may occasionally be pruritic. LPP is considered a precursor to a rare cutaneous T-cell lymphoma called mycosis fungoides, especially when the lesions become thicker or more numerous over time.

It's important to note that these conditions can sometimes be challenging to diagnose and may require a skin biopsy for accurate diagnosis. Dermatologists and pathologists should carefully evaluate the clinical presentation, histopathological features, and any potential progression to ensure appropriate management.

Hyperbilirubinemia is a condition characterized by an excess of bilirubin in the blood. Bilirubin is a yellowish substance produced by the liver when it breaks down old red blood cells. Normally, bilirubin is processed by the liver and excreted through the bile ducts and into the digestive system. However, if there is a problem with the liver or the bile ducts, bilirubin can build up in the blood, causing hyperbilirubinemia.

Hereditary hyperbilirubinemia refers to forms of the condition that are caused by genetic mutations. There are several types of hereditary hyperbilirubinemia, including:

1. Dubin-Johnson syndrome: This is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by chronic conjugated hyperbilirubinemia and a dark brownish-black pigmentation of the liver. It is caused by mutations in the MRP2 gene, which provides instructions for making a protein that helps to remove bilirubin from the liver cells into the bile ducts.

2. Rotor syndrome: This is another rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by chronic conjugated hyperbilirubinemia. It is caused by mutations in the SLCO1B1 and SLCO1B3 genes, which provide instructions for making proteins that help to transport bilirubin into the liver cells.

3. Crigler-Najjar syndrome: This is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by severe unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia. It is caused by mutations in the UGT1A1 gene, which provides instructions for making an enzyme that helps to conjugate bilirubin in the liver.

4. Gilbert syndrome: This is a common autosomal recessive disorder characterized by mild unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia. It is caused by mutations in the UGT1A1 gene, but to a lesser degree than Crigler-Najjar syndrome.

In general, hereditary hyperbilirubinemias are managed with close monitoring of bilirubin levels and may require treatment with phototherapy or exchange transfusion in severe cases. In some cases, liver transplantation may be necessary.

Anthralin is a medication that is used to treat chronic plaque psoriasis. It is a synthetic form of a substance found in the bark of the araroba tree, which has been used traditionally in folk medicine to treat skin conditions. Anthralin works by slowing down the growth of skin cells, reducing inflammation, and helping to flake off scales.

Anthralin is available in various forms, including creams, ointments, and pastes, and is usually applied directly to the affected areas of the skin for a short period of time, typically ranging from 10 to 30 minutes, once or twice a day. It may take several weeks of regular use to see improvement in symptoms.

Anthralin can cause skin irritation, so it's important to follow your healthcare provider's instructions carefully when using this medication. You should also avoid applying anthralin to healthy skin and wash your hands thoroughly after each application to prevent accidentally transferring the medication to other parts of your body.

Photochemotherapy is a medical treatment that combines the use of drugs and light to treat various skin conditions. The most common type of photochemotherapy is PUVA (Psoralen + UVA), where the patient takes a photosensitizing medication called psoralen, followed by exposure to ultraviolet A (UVA) light.

The psoralen makes the skin more sensitive to the UVA light, which helps to reduce inflammation and suppress the overactive immune response that contributes to many skin conditions. This therapy is often used to treat severe cases of psoriasis, eczema, and mycosis fungoides (a type of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma). It's important to note that photochemotherapy can increase the risk of skin cancer and cataracts, so it should only be administered under the close supervision of a healthcare professional.

Lichenoid eruptions are skin reactions that resemble the appearance of lichen, a type of slow-growing fungus. These eruptions are characterized by flat, scaly bumps (papules) and rough, discolored patches (plaques) on the skin. They can be caused by various factors, including medications, medical conditions, or as a reaction to certain chemicals or substances that come into contact with the skin.

The term "lichenoid" refers to the resemblance of these eruptions to lichen, which is characterized by its distinctive appearance and growth pattern. Lichenoid eruptions can occur anywhere on the body but are most commonly found on sun-exposed areas such as the arms, legs, and trunk.

The exact cause of lichenoid eruptions can vary, but they are often associated with an autoimmune response in which the body's immune system mistakenly attacks healthy skin cells. This can lead to inflammation, redness, itching, and other symptoms associated with these eruptions. Treatment for lichenoid eruptions typically involves identifying and addressing the underlying cause, as well as managing symptoms with topical medications or other therapies.

A "premature infant" is a newborn delivered before 37 weeks of gestation. They are at greater risk for various health complications and medical conditions compared to full-term infants, due to their immature organ systems and lower birth weight. Some common diseases and health issues that premature infants may face include:

1. Respiratory Distress Syndrome (RDS): A lung disorder caused by the lack of surfactant, a substance that helps keep the lungs inflated. Premature infants, especially those born before 34 weeks, are at higher risk for RDS.
2. Intraventricular Hemorrhage (IVH): Bleeding in the brain's ventricles, which can lead to developmental delays or neurological issues. The risk of IVH is inversely proportional to gestational age, meaning that the earlier the infant is born, the higher the risk.
3. Necrotizing Enterocolitis (NEC): A gastrointestinal disease where the intestinal tissue becomes inflamed and can die. Premature infants are at greater risk for NEC due to their immature digestive systems.
4. Jaundice: A yellowing of the skin and eyes caused by an accumulation of bilirubin, a waste product from broken-down red blood cells. Premature infants may have higher rates of jaundice due to their liver's immaturity.
5. Infections: Premature infants are more susceptible to infections because of their underdeveloped immune systems. Common sources of infection include the mother's genital tract, bloodstream, or hospital environment.
6. Anemia: A condition characterized by a low red blood cell count or insufficient hemoglobin. Premature infants may develop anemia due to frequent blood sampling, rapid growth, or inadequate erythropoietin production.
7. Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP): An eye disorder affecting premature infants, where abnormal blood vessel growth occurs in the retina. Severe ROP can lead to vision loss or blindness if not treated promptly.
8. Developmental Delays: Premature infants are at risk for developmental delays due to their immature nervous systems and environmental factors such as sensory deprivation or separation from parents.
9. Patent Ductus Arteriosus (PDA): A congenital heart defect where the ductus arteriosus, a blood vessel that connects two major arteries in the fetal heart, fails to close after birth. Premature infants are at higher risk for PDA due to their immature cardiovascular systems.
10. Hypothermia: Premature infants have difficulty maintaining body temperature and are at risk for hypothermia, which can lead to increased metabolic demands, poor feeding, and infection.

Dermatology is a medical specialty that focuses on the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of diseases and conditions related to the skin, hair, nails, and mucous membranes. A dermatologist is a medical doctor who has completed specialized training in this field. They are qualified to treat a wide range of skin conditions, including acne, eczema, psoriasis, skin cancer, and many others. Dermatologists may also perform cosmetic procedures to improve the appearance of the skin or to treat signs of aging.

Skin diseases, also known as dermatological conditions, refer to any medical condition that affects the skin, which is the largest organ of the human body. These diseases can affect the skin's function, appearance, or overall health. They can be caused by various factors, including genetics, infections, allergies, environmental factors, and aging.

Skin diseases can present in many different forms, such as rashes, blisters, sores, discolorations, growths, or changes in texture. Some common examples of skin diseases include acne, eczema, psoriasis, dermatitis, fungal infections, viral infections, bacterial infections, and skin cancer.

The symptoms and severity of skin diseases can vary widely depending on the specific condition and individual factors. Some skin diseases are mild and can be treated with over-the-counter medications or topical creams, while others may require more intensive treatments such as prescription medications, light therapy, or even surgery.

It is important to seek medical attention if you experience any unusual or persistent changes in your skin, as some skin diseases can be serious or indicative of other underlying health conditions. A dermatologist is a medical doctor who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of skin diseases.

Treatment outcome is a term used to describe the result or effect of medical treatment on a patient's health status. It can be measured in various ways, such as through symptoms improvement, disease remission, reduced disability, improved quality of life, or survival rates. The treatment outcome helps healthcare providers evaluate the effectiveness of a particular treatment plan and make informed decisions about future care. It is also used in clinical research to compare the efficacy of different treatments and improve patient care.

Color therapy, also known as chromotherapy, is a complementary medicine practice that uses color and light to balance energy in the body, mind, and spirit with the goal of promoting physical and emotional health and well-being. It is based on the idea that different colors correspond to the seven main chakras or energy centers in the body and can help to balance, heal, and restore these centers.

In color therapy, various colors are used to treat different conditions. For example, red is thought to stimulate and energize, while blue is considered calming and soothing. Practitioners may use colored lights, colored fabrics, or other tools to expose the body to specific colors. Some practitioners also incorporate color therapy into other forms of healing, such as massage or acupuncture.

It's important to note that there is limited scientific evidence to support the use of color therapy for specific medical conditions. While some people report feeling better after receiving color therapy, it should not be used as a substitute for conventional medical care. If you are considering trying color therapy, it is a good idea to discuss it with your healthcare provider first.

Erythema is a term used in medicine to describe redness of the skin, which occurs as a result of increased blood flow in the superficial capillaries. This redness can be caused by various factors such as inflammation, infection, trauma, or exposure to heat, cold, or ultraviolet radiation. In some cases, erythema may also be accompanied by other symptoms such as swelling, warmth, pain, or itching. It is a common finding in many medical conditions and can vary in severity from mild to severe.

Erythroblastosis, fetal is a medical condition that occurs in the fetus or newborn when there is an incompatibility between the fetal and maternal blood types, specifically related to the Rh factor or ABO blood group system. This incompatibility leads to the destruction of the fetal red blood cells by the mother's immune system, resulting in the release of bilirubin, which can cause jaundice, anemia, and other complications.

In cases where the mother is Rh negative and the fetus is Rh positive, the mother may develop antibodies against the Rh factor during pregnancy or after delivery, leading to hemolysis (breakdown) of the fetal red blood cells in subsequent pregnancies if preventive measures are not taken. This is known as hemolytic disease of the newborn (HDN).

Similarly, incompatibility between the ABO blood groups can also lead to HDN, although it is generally less severe than Rh incompatibility. In this case, the mother's immune system produces antibodies against the fetal red blood cells, leading to their destruction and subsequent complications.

Fetal erythroblastosis is a serious condition that can lead to significant morbidity and mortality if left untreated. Treatment options include intrauterine transfusions, phototherapy, and exchange transfusions in severe cases. Preventive measures such as Rh immune globulin (RhIG) injections can help prevent the development of antibodies in Rh-negative mothers, reducing the risk of HDN in subsequent pregnancies.

An "Extremely Low Birth Weight" (ELBW) infant is a newborn with a birth weight below 1000 grams (2 pounds, 3 ounces), according to the World Health Organization (WHO). This classification is part of the broader category of low birth weight infants, which includes those born weighing less than 2500 grams (about 5.5 pounds). ELBW infants often face significant health challenges due to their prematurity and small size, which can include issues with breathing, feeding, temperature regulation, and potential long-term neurodevelopmental impairments. It is crucial for these infants to receive specialized care in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) to optimize their chances of survival and promote healthy development.

Protective devices, in the context of medical care, refer to equipment or products designed to prevent injury, harm, or infection to patients, healthcare workers, or others. They can include a wide range of items such as:

1. Personal Protective Equipment (PPE): Items worn by healthcare professionals to protect themselves from infectious materials or harmful substances, such as gloves, masks, face shields, gowns, and goggles.
2. Medical Devices: Equipment designed to prevent injury during medical procedures, such as tourniquets, safety needles, and bite blocks.
3. Patient Safety Devices: Items used to protect patients from harm, such as bed rails, pressure ulcer prevention devices, and fall prevention equipment.
4. Environmental Protection Devices: Equipment used to prevent the spread of infectious agents in healthcare settings, such as air purifiers, isolation rooms, and waste management systems.
5. Dental Protective Devices: Devices used in dental care to protect patients and dental professionals from injury or infection, such as dental dams, mouth mirrors, and high-speed evacuators.

The specific definition of protective devices may vary depending on the context and field of medicine.

Methoxsalen is a medication that belongs to the class of drugs known as psoralens. It is primarily used in the treatment of skin conditions such as psoriasis and vitiligo.

Methoxsalen works by making the skin more sensitive to ultraviolet light A (UVA) after it is absorbed. This process helps to slow down the growth of affected skin cells, reducing the symptoms of the condition.

The medication is typically taken orally or applied topically to the affected area before UVA light therapy. It's important to note that methoxsalen can increase the risk of skin cancer and cataracts with long-term use, so it should only be used under the close supervision of a healthcare provider.

A forehead, in medical terms, refers to the portion of the human skull that lies immediately above the eyes and serves as an attachment site for the frontal bone. It is a common area for the examination of various clinical signs, such as assessing the level of consciousness (by checking if the patient's eyebrows or eyelids twitch in response to a light touch) or looking for signs of increased intracranial pressure (such as bulging fontanelles in infants). Additionally, the forehead is often used as a site for non-invasive procedures like Botox injections.

Dermatologic agents are medications, chemicals, or other substances that are applied to the skin (dermis) for therapeutic or cosmetic purposes. They can be used to treat various skin conditions such as acne, eczema, psoriasis, fungal infections, and wounds. Dermatologic agents include topical corticosteroids, antibiotics, antifungals, retinoids, benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid, and many others. They can come in various forms such as creams, ointments, gels, lotions, solutions, and patches. It is important to follow the instructions for use carefully to ensure safety and effectiveness.

"Phototherapy". The Encyclopedia Americana. Vol. 22. Chicago: Encyclopedia Americana Corporation. 1919. pp. 18-20. The Influence ...
ISBN 1579582079 Dobbs, R. H.; Cremer, R. J. (1975). "Phototherapy". Archives of Disease in Childhood. 50 (11): 833-836. doi: ...
However, phototherapy can be effective when used in conjunction with certain topical treatments such as anthralin, coal tar, ... UVB phototherapy does not require additional medications or topical preparations for the therapeutic benefit; only the exposure ... "UVB Phototherapy". National Psoriasis Foundation, USA. Archived from the original (php) on 22 June 2007. Retrieved 23 September ... Modern phototherapy has been used to successfully treat psoriasis, eczema, jaundice, vitiligo, atopic dermatitis, and localized ...
Mysore, V.; Shashikumar, B. M. (31 December 2015). "Targeted phototherapy". Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and ... "Targeted phototherapy." Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol 2016;82:1-6 Venkataram J, Mysore V. "Liposuction and the cutaneous ...
The Science of Phototherapy: An Introduction. pp. 329-335. doi:10.1007/1-4020-2885-7_13. ISBN 978-1-4020-2883-0. "Phototherapy ... Full body phototherapy can be delivered at a doctor's office or at home using a large high-power UVB booth. Tanning beds, ... In UVB phototherapy the exposure time is very short, seconds to minutes depending on intensity of lamps and the person's skin ... Phototherapy is an effective treatment because it forces skin cells to manufacture melanin to protect the body from UV damage. ...
"Phototherapy and Therapeutic Photography in a Digital Age" edited by Del Loewenthal provides a foundation of phototherapy and ... Currently, phototherapy is being practiced by Judy Weiser in Vancouver, Canada in the PhotoTherapy Center. Walker Visuals, four ... "What is PhotoTherapy? , Arts in Therapy Network". www.artsintherapy.com. Retrieved 8 April 2018. "Judy Weiser". PhotoTherapy & ... "PhotoTherapy & Therapeutic Photography Techniques". PhotoTherapy & Therapeutic Photography Techniques. Retrieved 30 March 2018 ...
Intensive phototherapy at saturation dose is used as a first-line clinical treatment which decreases the amount of accumulated ... Treatment of the condition is specific to the cause of hemolysis, but intense phototherapy and exchange transfusion can be used ... Most cases of kernicterus develop in infants following early hospital discharge from phototherapy. Hall J (2015). Pocket ... Woodgate P, Jardine LA (May 2015). "Neonatal jaundice: phototherapy". BMJ Clinical Evidence. 2015. PMC 4440981. PMID 25998618. ...
Wesier, Judy (2008). "Photo Therapy" (PDF). Taliese Magazine. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 15, 2013. Retrieved ...
Bown SG (1983). "Phototherapy in tumors". World Journal of Surgery. 7 (6): 700-709. doi:10.1007/BF01655209. PMID 6419477. S2CID ...
UV phototherapy is not indicated in young adults and children due to this risk of skin cancer with prolonged use or exposure. ... Phototherapy may be useful in some people. Antibiotics (either by mouth or topically) are usually not helpful unless there is ... Among the different types of phototherapies only narrowband (NB) ultraviolet B (UVB) exposure might help with the severity of ... September 2011). "Reversal of atopic dermatitis with narrow-band UVB phototherapy and biomarkers for therapeutic response". The ...
"Ultraviolet Phototherapy of Pruritus.". In Misery L, Ständer S (eds.). Pruritus. London Dordrecht Heidelberg New York: Springer ...
Part 2: PUVA Phototherapy". Dermatology and Therapy. 6 (3): 315-324. doi:10.1007/s13555-016-0130-9. PMC 4972736. PMID 27474030 ... Using tanning beds allows patients to access UV exposure when dermatologist-provided phototherapy is not available. A ... the founder of phototherapy in dermatology" (PDF). Clinics in Dermatology. 30 (4): 451-455. doi:10.1016/j.clindermatol.2011.11. ... and suggested that clinicians consider UV phototherapy and tanning beds as a source of that therapy. When UV light therapy is ...
Chen C, Hou WH, Chan ES, Yeh ML, Lo HL (July 2014). "Phototherapy for treating pressure ulcers". The Cochrane Database of ... phototherapy, pressure relieving devices, reconstructive surgery, support surfaces, ultrasound and topical phenytoin. There is ...
In the case of solar urticaria, phototherapy and photochemotherapy are the two major desensitization treatments. Phototherapy ... Photochemotherapy, or PUVA, is considered superior to phototherapy because it produces a longer-lasting tolerance of the ... Krutmann, Jean; Hönigsmann, Herbert; Elmets, Craig A.; Bergstresser, Paul R. (2001). Dermatological Phototherapy and ... and desensitization treatments such as phototherapy. In more extreme cases, the use of immunosuppressive drugs and even ...
He has also co-edited the book Seasonal Affective Disorders and Phototherapy (1989). In 1984, he developed the Seasonal Pattern ... Rosenthal, Norman; Blehar M, Mary (1989). Seasonal Affective Disorders and Phototherapy. New York: Guilford Press. p. 350. ISBN ...
Lowe, N J (28 March 1987). "Phototherapy and dithranol treatment of psoriasis". BMJ. 294 (6575): 839. doi:10.1136/bmj.294.6575. ...
Fahey, Christopher D.; Zee, Phyllis C. (1 December 2006). "Circadian rhythm sleep disorders and phototherapy". Psychiatric ...
Transfusion and phototherapy may be necessary. Investigation for coagulopathy may be indicated.[citation needed] Caput ...
Massage therapy could be useful in addition to phototherapy in order to reduce the phototherapy duration. However, it does not ... The use of phototherapy was first discovered, accidentally, at Rochford Hospital in Essex, England, when a nurse, Sister Jean ... "Association between neonatal phototherapy and future cancer: an updated systematic review and meta-analysis." European Journal ... However, any newborn with a total serum bilirubin greater than 359 μmol/L ( 21 mg/dL) should receive phototherapy. Babies with ...
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Phototherapies are minimally invasive, with the primary toxicity issues surrounding phototoxicity and the nonspecific ROS and ... Xu, Yinglin; Chen, Haolin; Fang, Yifen; Wu, Jun (2022-06-25). "Hydrogel Combined with Phototherapy in Wound Healing". Advanced ... Phototherapies are also active against both gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria, with photodynamic therapy having some ...
This polar isomer resulting from the blue-green lights of phototherapy has an active site to albumin, and its effects are ... Phototherapy converts the ZZ form into lumirubins. Monoglucuronylated lumirubins are easily excreted. Dvořák, Aleš; Pospíšilová ... Ennever JF, Sobel M, McDonagh AF, Speck WT (July 1984). "Phototherapy for neonatal jaundice: in vitro comparison of light ... Lumirubin is a structural isomer of bilirubin, which is formed during phototherapy used to treat neonatal jaundice. ...
He co-invented blue light acne vulgaris phototherapy, as well as a radio frequency device for home treatment for wrinkle ... He co-founded the Phototherapy Unit, Rambam Medical center, and was Director of the Photodynamic Therapy Unit, Elisha Medical ... Starting in 1998 Harth co-founded Curelight, an Israeli company, and developed Clearlight, an acne phototherapy therapy system ... Samten, Williams (June 2000). "Phototherapy Device for Acne Uses Visible Light." Dermatology Times. Vol. 21 Issue 6, p14. ...
This led to widespread use of phototherapy, which has now become a mainstay of treatment of neonatal jaundice. In the 1980s, ... Lucey, Jerold; Ferreiro, Mario; Hewitt, Jean (1968-06-01). "Prevention of hyperbilirubinemia of prematurity by phototherapy". ...
There is no evidence to support the use of acitretin or extracorporeal photopheresis (ECP: a type of phototherapy) for treating ... Zhang P, Wu MX (January 2018). "A clinical review of phototherapy for psoriasis". Lasers in Medical Science. 33 (1): 173-180. ...
2,000 for other phototherapy units used in Nigeria. Phototherapy devices used in developed countries have common side effects ... Once he was in a phototherapy unit, a power outage led to him developing severe jaundice for which he received an emergency ... Crib A'Glow is a portable solar-powered phototherapy unit that uses blue LED lights to treat infants with jaundice. The device ... The nearby hospital had five phototherapy units; however, two were already in use and the other three were inoperable. ...
Cochrane Neonatal Group) (March 2023). "Intermittent phototherapy versus continuous phototherapy for neonatal jaundice". The ... In cases when serum bilirubin levels are greater than 4-21 mg/dl (68-360 μmol/L), infant may be treated with phototherapy or ... A bili light is often the tool used for early treatment, which consists of exposing the baby to intensive phototherapy, which ... A 2021 Cochrane systematic review found that sunlight can be used to supplement phototherapy, as long as care is taken to ...
NICU has incubators, photo therapy, CPAP and ventilators. Telemedicine Department of Internal Medicine, Manipal Teaching ...
The practice of phototherapy was started in 1984. Traditionally, one receiving phototherapy for SAD will get a morning ...
Del Loewenthal (2013). Phototherapy and Therapeutic Photography in a Digital Age. Routledge. pp. 130-. ISBN 978-0-415-66735-7. ...
Phototherapy (light therapy) uses ultraviolet light to treat a variety of conditions. Learn more about how it works and what to ... Can I do phototherapy at home?. Some forms of phototherapy can be done at home. For example, if your light therapy prescription ... For full-body phototherapy, youll have to visit a medical clinic.. How many phototherapy treatments will I need?. It depends ... How does phototherapy work for jaundice?. Phototherapy helps to treat jaundice in newborns by aiding the body to break down a ...
Infants-particularly boys-exposed to phototherapy for jaundice are at increased risk for epilepsy in childhood. ... Phototherapy is commonly used to lower bilirubin levels in newborns who have jaundice. However, studies have linked the use of ... The authors conclude that there is a need to consider raising the threshold for phototherapy treatment in infants.-EM ... Of the 37,683 children who received phototherapy, 3,153 received at least one seizure diagnosis and one antiepileptic drug ...
Phototherapy slide. UVB Phototherapy. It has been known for the past couple decades that the 311nm range of Ultraviolet-B light ... A search of the literature about the use of artificial UVB (311nm) narrowband Phototherapy shows this method of treatment to be ... At-home UVB Phototherapy is a convenient, affordable, and simple approach to treating skin disorders using the same technology ... More recently, UVB Phototherapy has become the leading choice of treatment for vitiligo. ...
"Phototherapy involves sitting in front of a specially designed light box for 30 to 40 minutes after waking up. In less severe ... "Phototherapy, also called light therapy, is an effective therapy for people whose insomnia is due to a problem called delayed ...
Photo therapy is still considered to be the most widely used method to treat neonatal jaundice. The commonest cause of neonatal ... Photo therapy units that produce light wavelength between 425 nm and 475nm helps in photoisomerization of the excess bilirubin ... The commonly available Phototherapy units have a very simple mechanical structure with bulbs mounted overhead to provide the ... It is essential that the replaced tube produces the prescribed wavelength as the color alone is not sufficient for phototherapy ...
... after phototherapy for 10 days, 2nd - without phototherapy. Control group - 10 healthy men aged 40-58 years. Phototherapy was ... Results: In the 1st group before the start of phototherapy erythrocyte aggregation was 8,4±1,99. After course of phototherapy ... Change in erythrocyte aggregation during phototherapy in patients with COPD Message Subject (Your Name) has sent you a message ... Change in erythrocyte aggregation during phototherapy in patients with COPD. Yulduzkhon Kayumova, Nigora Mukhiddinova ...
Dermaray & home phototherapy forum. Dermaray , Dermalight , Dermalight80 , Handisol , Home UVB Phototherapy , Support Forum. ...
... phototherapy in the cosmetic and beauty therapy industry for providers and consumers. ... Lasers, IPL sources and LED phototherapy advisory note * Advice for consumers: Lasers, IPL devices and LED phototherapy for ... LED phototherapy is normally used for acne reduction and skin rejuvenation.. *Reports of injuries, increased media coverage and ... Our advice for the use of lasers, IPLs and LED phototherapy in the cosmetic industry has two main focuses:. *to promote a ...
Dermaray & home phototherapy forum. Dermaray , Dermalight , Dermalight80 , Handisol , Home UVB Phototherapy , Support Forum. ... Discuss general Phototherapy treatment here plus Hyperhydrosis and anything else. 12 Topics. 39 Posts. Last post. by ... Phototherapy is approved for treatment of over 25 different conditions, from skin disease, to low Vitamin D absorbsion to ...
Phototherapy (UV radiation from special lamps) is used to treat several skin diseases, including psoriasis. This is an ...
By creating an account at Professional & Home UVB phototherapy by Dermaray , Dermaray UV , Dermaray Laser you will be able to ... Copyright © 2023 Professional & Home UVB phototherapy by Dermaray , Dermaray UV , Dermaray Laser. Powered by osCommerce ...
What is photo therapy for newborns?. Phototherapy is a treatment for newborns who have a condition called jaundice. Jaundice is ... Phototherapy exposes your baby to a special type of light. When this happens, the bilirubin changes to another form. In this ... During phototherapy your baby is undressed. This exposes as much skin as possible to the light. Your baby will be kept ... Your baby may be able to be treated with phototherapy at home. If so, you will be shown how to use the equipment and care for ...
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Phototherapy in sclerosing and pseudo-sclerosing skin diseases Fototerapia en enfermedades cutáneas esclerosantes y ...
Basal cell carcinoma overlying vitiligo attributable to phototherapy ... Phototherapy was not given in any of these patients. Sun exposure or an unspecified spontaneous mutation were suspected as ... Basal cell carcinoma overlying vitiligo attributable to phototherapy. Neetu Bhari1 , Kanika Sahni1 , Kaushal K Verma1 , Neena ... Bhari N, Sahni K, Verma KK, Khanna N, Arava S, Gupta S. Basal cell carcinoma overlying vitiligo attributable to phototherapy. ...
... and United Credit to help you finance your home phototherapy unit. Apply online or give us a call. ... Weve partnered with CareCredit® and United Credit to help you finance your home phototherapy unit.. CareCredit®. The ... you can do so with the assistance of one of our Phototherapy Sales Consultant by calling 216-831-0600 or submitting a contact ...
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... phototherapy for acne is still an evolving field, and further research is needed to optimize outcomes, according to David J. ... New Orleans - While treatment of acne with lasers and light sources is here to stay, phototherapy for acne is still an evolving ... Defining targets Destruction of Propionibacterium acnes and the sebaceous gland are the two primary targets of phototherapy ...
No, Daavlin does not accept returns for phototherapy devices. Our phototherapy devices are prescribed devices-similar to a ...
Led-Based Phototherapy Equipment, Conventional Phototherapy Equipment, Fiber optic Phototherapy Equipment); By End-User ( ... Phototherapy Equipment Market Overview. Phototherapy, also known as heliotherapy-is based on contact to daylight or to definite ... o Conventional Phototherapy Equipment With Compact Fluorescent Lamps. o Conventional Phototherapy Equipment With Fluorescent ... There are four main types of phototherapy broadband UVB (290 nm-320nm), narrow band phototherapy (311nm-312nm) and PUVA ( ...
Find More Tenders of Phototherapy Unit. View All Tenders from Ajmer, Rajasthan. ... Supply of Phototherapy Machine for Sncu (Quantity Required: 1 pieces) at Ajmer. ... Phototherapy machine for SNCU (Q3) Quantity Required: 1 Start Date: 09-06-2023 12:35 PM End Date: 21-06-2023 11:00 AM ... Supply of Phototherapy Machine for Sncu (Quantity Required: 1 pieces) at Ajmer, Rajasthan. ...
Light therapy or phototherapy is a form of alternative treatment where the patient is exposed to daylight. Light therapy is ... Light therapy or phototherapy is administered at a particular time of the day and for a specified duration of time. Light ... Light Therapy or Phototherapy is a form of alternative treatment where the patient is exposed to daylight or to certain ... Light Therapy or Phototherapy Benefits. There have been several benefits found from regular and moderate exposure to sunlight ...
... is enhanced by sharing your experience with others. It is best if shared with other like-minded photographers, but ... In the medical version of phototherapy, patients absorb light of specific wavelengths for a therapeutic benefit, much like in ...
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Solarc has created a series of free one-page phototherapy calendars that make it easy for you to keep track of your treatments ... Phototherapy Calendars. Solarc has created a series of free one-page phototherapy calendars that make it easy for you to keep ... Phototherapy Treatment Calendars. Download your free calendar to keep track of your progress. ... Consider taking your phototherapy calendar with you when you visit your physician, and save your old calendars for your medical ...
... Enquire Now 4.7(21) about this item: Double Surface Phototherapy Unit LED are made of Mild Steel ... Phototherapy with bright super flux LED-based unit and 15 brights LED lamps specially made for phototherapy treatment. ... Double Surface Phototherapy Unit is used by new born baby to cure Jaundice. Jaundice can pose a serious problem because of high ... LED lifetime is almost 25 times more life than any other conventional phototherapy lamp, fifty thousand burning hours. ...
Phototherapy. *Phototherapy can be used to treat generalized or extensive nummular dermatitis (also called light therapy). ... Medication, phototherapy, and home treatments are treatment options for nummular dermatitis.. Although the precise etiology of ... Medication, phototherapy, and home treatments are treatment options for nummular dermatitis. Because the symptoms of nummular ...
  • To address a major limitation of these studies-the failure to control for neonatal bilirubin levels-researchers evaluated the association between seizure risk and phototherapy using data from a cohort of almost 500,000 children born from 1995 to 2011, adjusting for total serum bilirubin and other confounding variables. (nursingcenter.com)
  • The authors found a crude association between neonatal exposure to phototherapy and childhood seizures. (nursingcenter.com)
  • The commonest cause of neonatal jaundice is associated with excess indirect bilirubin in the blood and phototherapy helps to break the concentration of the bilirubin. (pediatriconcall.com)
  • Money raised by local families has enabled us to purchase a high tech Phototherapy unit to treat jaundiced babies on the neonatal unit. (icklepickles.org)
  • Infant phototherapy is a non-invasive and safe clinical therapy that utilizes specific wavelengths of light to reduce high levels of bilirubin in the blood of newborns with neonatal jaundice. (3dphysioireland.com)
  • Phototherapy is a highly effective and straightforward technique that can be employed to treat neonatal jaundice in infants. (3dphysioireland.com)
  • The growth of the infant phototherapy market is due to several factors, including the increasing incidence of neonatal jaundice, the rising demand for non-invasive and effective treatment options, the availability of advanced phototherapy systems, and the growing awareness among healthcare professionals and parents about the benefits of phototherapy for the treatment of neonatal jaundice. (3dphysioireland.com)
  • Neonatal jaundice (NNJ) requires phototherapy. (lu.se)
  • Depending on the severity of your condition, your doctor might suggest additional treatments prior to or alongside phototherapy. (healthline.com)
  • Cosmetic treatments using lasers, intense pulsed light (IPL) devices and light-emitting diode (LED) phototherapy, collectively known as light-based therapy, have grown significantly in popularity and availability in recent years. (arpansa.gov.au)
  • Lasers, IPLs and LED phototherapy used in cosmetic treatments emit either visible or infrared (IR) light or, in the case of IPLs, a combination of both. (arpansa.gov.au)
  • Solarc has created a series of free one-page phototherapy calendars that make it easy for you to keep track of your treatments with a simple pen or pencil. (solarcsystems.ca)
  • Medication, phototherapy, and home treatments are treatment options for nummular dermatitis. (medicinenet.com)
  • The bilibed from Medela is one of the most innovative, intensive phototherapy treatments available to newborn jaundice. (thebabyspecialist.com.sg)
  • Because LED light Phototherapy treatments are cumulative, you'll need to go through a series of sessions to obtain the long-term skin health benefits and results. (ayoungeru.com)
  • All phototherapy treatments are bulk-billed at Chroma Dermatology. (chromaderm.com.au)
  • To study erythrocyte aggregation in patients with COPD during phototherapy with lamps with ceramic coating. (ersjournals.com)
  • Phototherapy was held with infrared light from ceramic-coated lamps of series KL, ZB and GI with wavelengths of 2-40 microns. (ersjournals.com)
  • Phototherapy (UV radiation from special lamps) is used to treat several skin diseases, including psoriasis. (hostandcare.com)
  • Phototherapy, also known as heliotherapy-is based on contact to daylight or to definite wavelengths of light by use of polychromatic polarized light, lasers, fluorescent lamps, dichroic lamps, light-emitting diodes, or very bright, full-spectrum light. (researchnester.com)
  • Light Therapy or Phototherapy is a form of alternative treatment where the patient is exposed to daylight or to certain wavelengths of light using lasers, fluorescent lamps, dichroic lamps, light-emitting diodes or bright, and full-spectrum light. (epainassist.com)
  • Phototherapy with bright super flux LED-based unit and 15 brights LED lamps specially made for phototherapy treatment. (aliyapatientcare.com)
  • In addition, these lamps have a longer lifespan and are more energy-efficient than traditional phototherapy lamps. (3dphysioireland.com)
  • Phototherapy is primarily used to treat skin conditions like psoriasis and eczema. (healthline.com)
  • For skin conditions such as psoriasis and eczema, phototherapy is highly effective. (healthline.com)
  • A search of the literature about the use of artificial UVB (311nm) narrowband Phototherapy shows this method of treatment to be a safe and effective choice for chronic skin conditions such as psoriasis, vitiligo, atopic dermatitis (eczema), and other skin disorders. (uvb-lamps.com)
  • Skin Disease Treatment is anticipated to govern the phototherapy equipment market on account of prevailing incidence of severe skin disorders such as eczema, psoriasis and acne. (researchnester.com)
  • by A Lesiak 2021 Cited by 6 - Our results confirm that phototherapy using blue LED light is both a safe and highly effective way to treat psoriasis. (ayoungeru.com)
  • Phototherapy is used to treat conditions like vitiligo , psoriasis, eczema , chronic itch and even some skin lymphomas. (chromaderm.com.au)
  • Phototherapy, which uses ultraviolet light to treat psoriasis. (medlineplus.gov)
  • At Kalstein, we are concerned for you to have the best technology in medical equipment and our line of phototherapy products provides you with the reliability and stability of LED light intensive phototherapy for your baby patient. (kalstein.pk)
  • Recent advancement has brought phototherapy blankets in the market which can be wrapped around the baby making it more portable than the traditional phototherapy units. (pediatriconcall.com)
  • Phototherapy is a treatment that involves exposing the skin to ultraviolet (UV) light on a regular basis. (healthline.com)
  • This article explores phototherapy treatment, safety, and efficacy. (healthline.com)
  • The authors conclude that there is a need to consider raising the threshold for phototherapy treatment in infants. (nursingcenter.com)
  • More recently, UVB Phototherapy has become the leading choice of treatment for vitiligo. (uvb-lamps.com)
  • Phototherapy is approved for treatment of over 25 different conditions, from skin disease, to low Vitamin D absorbsion to Seasonal Affective Disorder or SADS depression. (beatpsoriasis.com)
  • Discuss general Phototherapy treatment here plus Hyperhydrosis and anything else. (beatpsoriasis.com)
  • Phototherapy is a treatment for newborns who have a condition called jaundice. (alberta.ca)
  • Treatment with phototherapy can help get your baby's bilirubin to a normal level. (alberta.ca)
  • New Orleans - While treatment of acne with lasers and light sources is here to stay, phototherapy for acne is still an evolving field, and further research is needed to optimize outcomes, according to David J. Goldberg, M.D., J.D., who spoke at the 63rd Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Dermatology. (dermatologytimes.com)
  • Defining targets Destruction of Propionibacterium acnes and the sebaceous gland are the two primary targets of phototherapy approaches to acne treatment, although some devices may also provide a benefit through an anti-inflammatory mechanism. (dermatologytimes.com)
  • UV B is the most common type of phototherapy for treatment of skin related diseases. (researchnester.com)
  • Phototherapy is the most common treatment for reducing high bilirubin levels that cause jaundice in a new-born. (neocarehospital.in)
  • Treatment with phototherapy is implemented in order to prevent the neurotoxic effects of high serum unconjugated bilirubin. (wanrooemed.com)
  • Revialage Phototherapy Mask utilizes LED light color spectrum to stimulate a natural cellular response and repair your skin while delivering a safe therapeutic dose across seven treatment modes, targeting many specific concerns. (revialage.com)
  • Phototherapy which was started through natural means like sunlight in the treatment of vitiligo by Egyptians now has become advanced where several types of light of various wavelengths are being used to treat diseased skin conditions. (unanijournal.com)
  • Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) comparing the effects of phototherapy (in addition to standard treatment) with sham phototherapy (in addition to standard treatment), another type of phototherapy (in addition to standard treatment) or standard or conventional treatment alone. (echoontario.ca)
  • The increasing prevalence of jaundice in newborns and the growing demand for safe and effective treatment options can also contribute to the growth of the quartz halogen lamp market for newborn phototherapy. (3dphysioireland.com)
  • The dominance of mobile devices configuration in infant phototherapy can be attributed to their portability and ease of use, allowing healthcare providers to administer the treatment directly at the infant's bedside, eliminating the need for transferring the baby to a separate treatment area, and allowing for closer monitoring during the therapy session. (3dphysioireland.com)
  • Phototherapy is a common treatment for jaundice. (cdc.gov)
  • Zidovudine is contraindicated in newborn infants with hyperbilirubinaemia requiring treatment other than phototherapy, or with transaminase levels of over five times the upper limit of normal. (who.int)
  • Phototherapy typically involves some form of artificial light. (healthline.com)
  • If you're doing phototherapy at home, you'll be instructed to spend a set amount of time exposing yourself to the artificial light from the phototherapy device. (healthline.com)
  • Phototherapy, also called light therapy, is an effective therapy for people whose insomnia is due to a problem called delayed sleep phase syndrome. (alaskanorthernlights.com)
  • Phototherapy involves sitting in front of a specially designed light box for 30 to 40 minutes after waking up. (alaskanorthernlights.com)
  • The commonly available Phototherapy units have a very simple mechanical structure with bulbs mounted overhead to provide the required intensity of light. (pediatriconcall.com)
  • Phototherapy exposes your baby to a special type of light. (alberta.ca)
  • Green or blue light phototherapy for neonates with hyperbilirubinaemia. (bmj.com)
  • Phototherapy is a process which uses light to treat medical conditions. (researchnester.com)
  • What is Light Therapy or Phototherapy? (epainassist.com)
  • Light therapy or phototherapy is administered at a particular time of the day and for a specified duration of time. (epainassist.com)
  • In the medical version of phototherapy, patients absorb light of specific wavelengths for a therapeutic benefit, much like in photography where we focus light on the sensor (or film). (seaforestphotography.com)
  • The use of phototherapy - that is, light (or laser) used as an adjuvant, non-surgical intervention, with the aim of having a therapeutic effect on healing - has increased recently. (echoontario.ca)
  • VER-FIX infant Phototherapy Eye Protectors effectively shields a baby's eyes during phototherapy or anytime light protection is required. (sinmed.pl)
  • Phototherapy is also known as light therapy, and uses different wavelengths of ultraviolet light to treat skin conditions that cause inflammation (redness, itch) and conditions that cause loss of colour (like vitiligo). (chromaderm.com.au)
  • There are different forms of phototherapy but the most commonly used, easy-to-use and safe form is narrow band ultraviolet light B (NBUVB). (chromaderm.com.au)
  • This disease is treated with a combination of medications applied to the skin, exposure to ultraviolet light (phototherapy), and medications taken by mouth or given by injection. (msdmanuals.com)
  • The newborn can be fed in the usual way during phototherapy. (kalstein.pk)
  • However, the American Academy of Dermatology notes that phototherapy works best for people who are able to make it to their regular appointments. (healthline.com)
  • The German engineered phototherapy equipment used at Chroma Dermatology is of the highest quality and standard. (chromaderm.com.au)
  • There are four main types of phototherapy broadband UVB (290 nm-320nm), narrow band phototherapy (311nm-312nm) and PUVA (Psorlaen UVA) and UV A1 (340nm-400nm). (researchnester.com)
  • On the basis of regional platform, global phototherapy equipments market is segmented into five major regions including North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Latin America and Middle East & Africa region. (researchnester.com)
  • A smaller study in children with eczema found that after phototherapy, 76% experienced clear or almost-clear skin. (healthline.com)
  • Phototherapy is a safe, effective method for decreasing or preventing the rise of serum unconjugated bilirubin levels and reduces the need for exchange transfusion in neonates. (wanrooemed.com)
  • Phototherapy is typically administered by a dermatologist in a doctor's office or specialty clinic. (healthline.com)
  • Phototherapy is commonly used to lower bilirubin levels in newborns who have jaundice. (nursingcenter.com)
  • LED phototherapy is normally used for acne reduction and skin rejuvenation. (arpansa.gov.au)
  • Additionally, the increasing healthcare expenditure and improvements in healthcare infrastructure in developing countries will further boost the growth of the infant phototherapy market. (3dphysioireland.com)
  • LED lifetime is almost 25 times more life than any other conventional phototherapy lamp, fifty thousand burning hours. (aliyapatientcare.com)
  • After frequent and common use of these phototherapeutic options scientists have come across various adverse effects of phototherapy. (unanijournal.com)
  • North America is leading the global phototherapy equipment market owing to increasing awareness among the people towards the use of new technologies that will offer a profitable market for phototherapy equipment. (researchnester.com)
  • They ensure maximum protection of the patient's eyes from potentially harmful rays during phototherapy. (sinmed.pl)
  • The phototherapy equipment market is thus estimated to expand at a robust CAGR over the forecast period. (researchnester.com)
  • The growing severity of skin diseases and disorders are providing a healthy market growth of global phototherapy equipment market in forecast period. (researchnester.com)
  • At-home UVB Phototherapy is a convenient, affordable, and simple approach to treating skin disorders using the same technology used in clinics. (uvb-lamps.com)
  • Your experience will depend on what type of phototherapy your doctor prescribed, what condition you have, and where the problem areas are located. (healthline.com)
  • Another type of phototherapy is a fiber-optic blanket or a band. (neocarehospital.in)
  • Only one of the trials included a third arm in which another type of phototherapy was applied. (echoontario.ca)
  • No, Daavlin does not accept returns for phototherapy devices. (daavlin.com)
  • Our phototherapy devices are prescribed devices-similar to a prescription drug. (daavlin.com)
  • How is phototherapy done in babies? (kalstein.pk)
  • Phototherapy is a procedure that is applied to newborns who have jaundice, where their condition changes yellowish in the skin and eyes of babies, this is due to excess bilirubin in the blood. (kalstein.pk)
  • Infants-particularly boys-exposed to phototherapy for jaundice are at increased risk for epilepsy in childhood. (nursingcenter.com)
  • Sunlight has been recognized to be very useful for particular skin diseases and the UV part of the radiation emitted by the sun is used in phototherapy, specifically the ultraviolet B (UVB) and ultraviolet A (UVA) wavelengths. (researchnester.com)
  • Is phototherapy safe? (healthline.com)
  • Phototherapy is safe, though it can cause short-term side effects. (healthline.com)
  • This safe, non-invasive Phototherapy mask is the one you've been looking for. (revialage.com)
  • We've partnered with CareCredit® and United Credit to help you finance your home phototherapy unit. (natbiocorp.com)
  • Double Surface Phototherapy Unit LED are made of Mild Steel Epoxy Powder Coated. (aliyapatientcare.com)
  • Double Surface Phototherapy Unit is used by new born baby to cure Jaundice. (aliyapatientcare.com)
  • How effective is phototherapy? (healthline.com)
  • These variations did not allow us to pool the studies and draw any conclusions as to whether phototherapy is effective or not. (echoontario.ca)
  • These, along with numerous initiatives by governments to make sure improved health in new born, have tilted the scales in favor of the phototherapy equipment market in North America. (researchnester.com)
  • 08:00-14:00 hours), evening shift medical errors and their negative impact There were no beds for phototherapy (14:00-20:00 hours) and night shift on health ( 1 ). (who.int)
  • The existing conditions of skin disorders across the globe have generated demand for the phototherapy equipment market. (researchnester.com)
  • This region is anticipated to provide a robust growth of the global phototherapy equipment market owing to the rising preterm birth in developing nations and investment in upgrading distribution channels that provide attractive opportunities for the phototherapy equipment market in the Asia- pacific region. (researchnester.com)
  • Your PCP will provide you with the necessary equipment and must tell you how many hours a day you should receive phototherapy. (kalstein.pk)
  • Evaluation of pain, jaw movements, and psychosocial factors in elderly individuals with temporomandibular disorder under laser phototherapy. (bvsalud.org)
  • Few studies have been carried out on the application of laser phototherapy (LPT) for treating painful temporomandibular disorder (TMD) in elderly population that is growing worldwide. (bvsalud.org)
  • We studied 30 patients in stable phase of COPD (22 men and 8 women) aged 39-64 years, divided into 2 equal groups: 1st - after phototherapy for 10 days, 2nd - without phototherapy. (ersjournals.com)
  • Can I return my phototherapy device to Daavlin? (daavlin.com)