Pharmacies: Facilities for the preparation and dispensing of drugs.Pharmacy: The practice of compounding and dispensing medicinal preparations.Education, Pharmacy: Formal instruction, learning, or training in the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of drugs in the field of medicine.Schools, Pharmacy: Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of pharmacy.Community Pharmacy Services: Total pharmaceutical services provided to the public through community pharmacies.Education, Pharmacy, Graduate: Educational programs for pharmacists who have a bachelor's degree or a Doctor of Pharmacy degree entering a specific field of pharmacy. They may lead to an advanced degree.Pharmacy Service, Hospital: Hospital department responsible for the receiving, storing, and distribution of pharmaceutical supplies.Education, Pharmacy, Continuing: Educational programs designed to inform graduate pharmacists of recent advances in their particular field.Legislation, Pharmacy: Laws and regulations, pertaining to the field of pharmacy, proposed for enactment or enacted by a legislative body.Pharmaceutical Services: Total pharmaceutical services provided by qualified PHARMACISTS. In addition to the preparation and distribution of medical products, they may include consultative services provided to agencies and institutions which do not have a qualified pharmacist.Chemokine CCL20: A CC-type chemokine with specificity for CCR6 RECEPTORS. It has activity towards DENDRITIC CELLS; T-LYMPHOCYTES; and B-LYMPHOCYTES.Pharmacists' Aides: Persons who perform certain functions under the supervision of the pharmacist.Pharmacy Administration: The business and managerial aspects of pharmacy in its broadest sense.Licensure, Pharmacy: The granting of a license to practice pharmacy.Clinical Pharmacy Information Systems: Information systems, usually computer-assisted, designed to store, manipulate, and retrieve information for planning, organizing, directing, and controlling administrative activities associated with the provision and utilization of clinical pharmacy services.Ethics, Pharmacy: The principles of proper professional conduct concerning the rights and duties of the pharmacist, relations with patients and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the pharmacist in health care and interpersonal relations with patient families. (From Stedman, 25th ed)Alkaline Phosphatase: An enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of an orthophosphoric monoester and water to an alcohol and orthophosphate. EC 3.1.3.1.Curriculum: A course of study offered by an educational institution.Professional Role: The expected function of a member of a particular profession.Insurance, Pharmaceutical Services: Insurance providing for payment of services rendered by the pharmacist. Services include the preparation and distribution of medical products.Pharmacy Residencies: Advanced programs of training to meet certain professional requirements in the practice of compounding and dispensing medicinal preparations.Internship, Nonmedical: Advanced programs of training to meet certain professional requirements in fields other than medicine or dentistry, e.g., pharmacology, nutrition, nursing, etc.Educational Measurement: The assessing of academic or educational achievement. It includes all aspects of testing and test construction.Pharmacy and Therapeutics Committee: An advisory group composed primarily of staff physicians and the pharmacist which serves as the communication link between the medical staff and the pharmacy department.Nonprescription Drugs: Medicines that can be sold legally without a DRUG PRESCRIPTION.Preceptorship: Practical experience in medical and health-related services that occurs as part of an educational program wherein the professionally-trained student works outside the academic environment under the supervision of an established professional in the particular field.Drug Prescriptions: Directions written for the obtaining and use of DRUGS.Drug Costs: The amount that a health care institution or organization pays for its drugs. It is one component of the final price that is charged to the consumer (FEES, PHARMACEUTICAL or PRESCRIPTION FEES).Societies, Pharmaceutical: Societies whose membership is limited to pharmacists.Denture, Complete: A denture replacing all natural teeth and associated structures in both the maxilla and mandible.Insurance Claim Review: Review of claims by insurance companies to determine liability and amount of payment for various services. The review may also include determination of eligibility of the claimant or beneficiary or of the provider of the benefit; determination that the benefit is covered or not payable under another policy; or determination that the service was necessary and of reasonable cost and quality.Problem-Based Learning: Instructional use of examples or cases to teach using problem-solving skills and critical thinking.Drug Information Services: Services providing pharmaceutic and therapeutic drug information and consultation.Drugs, Generic: Drugs whose drug name is not protected by a trademark. They may be manufactured by several companies.Electronic Prescribing: The use of COMPUTER COMMUNICATION NETWORKS to store and transmit medical PRESCRIPTIONS.Drug Utilization Review: Formal programs for assessing drug prescription against some standard. Drug utilization review may consider clinical appropriateness, cost effectiveness, and, in some cases, outcomes. Review is usually retrospective, but some analysis may be done before drugs are dispensed (as in computer systems which advise physicians when prescriptions are entered). Drug utilization review is mandated for Medicaid programs beginning in 1993.Formularies as Topic: Works about lists of drugs or collections of recipes, formulas, and prescriptions for the compounding of medicinal preparations. Formularies differ from PHARMACOPOEIAS in that they are less complete, lacking full descriptions of the drugs, their formulations, analytic composition, chemical properties, etc. In hospitals, formularies list all drugs commonly stocked in the hospital pharmacy.Prescription Drugs: Drugs that cannot be sold legally without a prescription.Fees, Pharmaceutical: Amounts charged to the patient or third-party payer for medication. It includes the pharmacist's professional fee and cost of ingredients, containers, etc.Managed Care Programs: Health insurance plans intended to reduce unnecessary health care costs through a variety of mechanisms, including: economic incentives for physicians and patients to select less costly forms of care; programs for reviewing the medical necessity of specific services; increased beneficiary cost sharing; controls on inpatient admissions and lengths of stay; the establishment of cost-sharing incentives for outpatient surgery; selective contracting with health care providers; and the intensive management of high-cost health care cases. The programs may be provided in a variety of settings, such as HEALTH MAINTENANCE ORGANIZATIONS and PREFERRED PROVIDER ORGANIZATIONS.Medication Errors: Errors in prescribing, dispensing, or administering medication with the result that the patient fails to receive the correct drug or the indicated proper drug dosage.Postal Service: The functions and activities carried out by the U.S. Postal Service, foreign postal services, and private postal services such as Federal Express.Data Collection: Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.Accreditation: Certification as complying with a standard set by non-governmental organizations, applied for by institutions, programs, and facilities on a voluntary basis.Bacterial Transferrin Receptor Complex: A complex of proteins that forms a receptor for TRANSFERRIN in BACTERIA. Many pathogenic bacteria utilize the transferrin-binding complex to acquire their supply of iron from serum.Pharmaceutical Services, Online: Pharmacy services accessed via electronic means.Professional Competence: The capability to perform the duties of one's profession generally, or to perform a particular professional task, with skill of an acceptable quality.Drug and Narcotic Control: Control of drug and narcotic use by international agreement, or by institutional systems for handling prescribed drugs. This includes regulations concerned with the manufacturing, dispensing, approval (DRUG APPROVAL), and marketing of drugs.Drug Utilization: The utilization of drugs as reported in individual hospital studies, FDA studies, marketing, or consumption, etc. This includes drug stockpiling, and patient drug profiles.Commerce: The interchange of goods or commodities, especially on a large scale, between different countries or between populations within the same country. It includes trade (the buying, selling, or exchanging of commodities, whether wholesale or retail) and business (the purchase and sale of goods to make a profit). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, p411, p2005 & p283)Teaching: The educational process of instructing.Economics, Pharmaceutical: Economic aspects of the fields of pharmacy and pharmacology as they apply to the development and study of medical economics in rational drug therapy and the impact of pharmaceuticals on the cost of medical care. Pharmaceutical economics also includes the economic considerations of the pharmaceutical care delivery system and in drug prescribing, particularly of cost-benefit values. (From J Res Pharm Econ 1989;1(1); PharmacoEcon 1992;1(1))Medication Adherence: Voluntary cooperation of the patient in taking drugs or medicine as prescribed. This includes timing, dosage, and frequency.Attitude of Health Personnel: Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.Clinical Competence: The capability to perform acceptably those duties directly related to patient care.Drug Labeling: Use of written, printed, or graphic materials upon or accompanying a drug container or wrapper. It includes contents, indications, effects, dosages, routes, methods, frequency and duration of administration, warnings, hazards, contraindications, side effects, precautions, and other relevant information.Prescription Fees: The charge levied on the consumer for drugs or therapy prescribed under written order of a physician or other health professional.Counterfeit Drugs: Drugs manufactured and sold with the intent to misrepresent its origin, authenticity, chemical composition, and or efficacy. Counterfeit drugs may contain inappropriate quantities of ingredients not listed on the label or package. In order to further deceive the consumer, the packaging, container, or labeling, may be inaccurate, incorrect, or fake.Drug Packaging: Containers, packaging, and packaging materials for drugs and BIOLOGICAL PRODUCTS. These include those in ampule, capsule, tablet, solution or other forms. Packaging includes immediate-containers, secondary-containers, and cartons. In the United States, such packaging is controlled under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act which also stipulates requirements for tamper-resistance and child-resistance. Similar laws govern use elsewhere. (From Code of Federal Regulations, 21 CFR 1 Section 210, 1993) DRUG LABELING is also available.Professional-Patient Relations: Interactions between health personnel and patients.Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).Patient Simulation: The use of persons coached to feign symptoms or conditions of real diseases in a life-like manner in order to teach or evaluate medical personnel.Program Development: The process of formulating, improving, and expanding educational, managerial, or service-oriented work plans (excluding computer program development).Competency-Based Education: Educational programs designed to ensure that students attain prespecified levels of competence in a given field or training activity. Emphasis is on achievement or specified objectives.Perception: The process by which the nature and meaning of sensory stimuli are recognized and interpreted.Needle-Exchange Programs: Organized services for exchange of sterile needles and syringes used for injections as a potential means of reducing the transmission of infectious diseases.Program Evaluation: Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.United States Government Agencies: Agencies of the FEDERAL GOVERNMENT of the United States.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Ciliary Arteries: Three groups of arteries found in the eye which supply the iris, pupil, sclera, conjunctiva, and the muscles of the iris.Drug Compounding: The preparation, mixing, and assembling of a drug. (From Remington, The Science and Practice of Pharmacy, 19th ed, p1814)Cost Sharing: Provisions of an insurance policy that require the insured to pay some portion of covered expenses. Several forms of sharing are in use, e.g., deductibles, coinsurance, and copayments. Cost sharing does not refer to or include amounts paid in premiums for the coverage. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Educational Technology: Systematic identification, development, organization, or utilization of educational resources and the management of these processes. It is occasionally used also in a more limited sense to describe the use of equipment-oriented techniques or audiovisual aids in educational settings. (Thesaurus of ERIC Descriptors, December 1993, p132)Drug Therapy: The use of DRUGS to treat a DISEASE or its symptoms. One example is the use of ANTINEOPLASTIC AGENTS to treat CANCER.Medication Systems, Hospital: Overall systems, traditional or automated, to provide medication to patients in hospitals. Elements of the system are: handling the physician's order, transcription of the order by nurse and/or pharmacist, filling the medication order, transfer to the nursing unit, and administration to the patient.Medicare Part D: A stand-alone drug plan offered by insurers and other private companies to beneficiaries that receive their Medicare Part A and/or B benefits through the Original Medicare Plan. It includes Medicare Private Fee-for-Service Plans that do not offer prescription drug coverage and Medicare Cost Plans offering Medicare prescription drug coverage. The plan was enacted as the Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement and Modernization Act of 2003 with coverage beginning January 1, 2006.Self Medication: The self administration of medication not prescribed by a physician or in a manner not directed by a physician.Pharmaceutical Preparations: Drugs intended for human or veterinary use, presented in their finished dosage form. Included here are materials used in the preparation and/or formulation of the finished dosage form.Drug Contamination: The presence of organisms, or any foreign material that makes a drug preparation impure.Patient Care: The services rendered by members of the health profession and non-professionals under their supervision.Cost Savings: Reductions in all or any portion of the costs of providing goods or services. Savings may be incurred by the provider or the consumer.Health Occupations: Professions or other business activities directed to the cure and prevention of disease. For occupations of medical personnel who are not physicians but who are working in the fields of medical technology, physical therapy, etc., ALLIED HEALTH OCCUPATIONS is available.Cooperative Behavior: The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)Patient Compliance: Voluntary cooperation of the patient in following a prescribed regimen.Professional Practice: The use of one's knowledge in a particular profession. It includes, in the case of the field of biomedicine, professional activities related to health care and the actual performance of the duties related to the provision of health care.Career Choice: Selection of a type of occupation or profession.Health Benefit Plans, Employee: Health insurance plans for employees, and generally including their dependents, usually on a cost-sharing basis with the employer paying a percentage of the premium.Computer-Assisted Instruction: A self-learning technique, usually online, involving interaction of the student with programmed instructional materials.Cost Control: The containment, regulation, or restraint of costs. Costs are said to be contained when the value of resources committed to an activity is not considered excessive. This determination is frequently subjective and dependent upon the specific geographic area of the activity being measured. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Health Maintenance Organizations: Organized systems for providing comprehensive prepaid health care that have five basic attributes: (1) provide care in a defined geographic area; (2) provide or ensure delivery of an agreed-upon set of basic and supplemental health maintenance and treatment services; (3) provide care to a voluntarily enrolled group of persons; (4) require their enrollees to use the services of designated providers; and (5) receive reimbursement through a predetermined, fixed, periodic prepayment made by the enrollee without regard to the degree of services provided. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988)Drugs, Essential: Drugs considered essential to meet the health needs of a population as well as to control drug costs.Health Care Costs: The actual costs of providing services related to the delivery of health care, including the costs of procedures, therapies, and medications. It is differentiated from HEALTH EXPENDITURES, which refers to the amount of money paid for the services, and from fees, which refers to the amount charged, regardless of cost.Databases, Factual: Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of facts and data garnered from material of a specialized subject area and made available for analysis and application. The collection can be automated by various contemporary methods for retrieval. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, BIBLIOGRAPHIC which is restricted to collections of bibliographic references.Insurance Benefits: Payments or services provided under stated circumstances under the terms of an insurance policy. In prepayment programs, benefits are the services the programs will provide at defined locations and to the extent needed.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Learning: Relatively permanent change in behavior that is the result of past experience or practice. The concept includes the acquisition of knowledge.Cultural Competency: Cultural and linguistic competence is a set of congruent behaviors, attitudes, and policies that come together in a system, agency, or among professionals that enables effective work in cross-cultural situations. Competence implies the capacity to function effectively as an individual and an organization within the context of the cultural beliefs, behaviors, and needs presented by consumers and their communities.Formularies, Hospital: Formularies concerned with pharmaceuticals prescribed in hospitals.Guidelines as Topic: A systematic statement of policy rules or principles. Guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by convening expert panels. The text may be cursive or in outline form but is generally a comprehensive guide to problems and approaches in any field of activity. For guidelines in the field of health care and clinical medicine, PRACTICE GUIDELINES AS TOPIC is available.Professional Misconduct: Violation of laws, regulations, or professional standards.Education, Distance: Education via communication media (correspondence, radio, television, computer networks) with little or no in-person face-to-face contact between students and teachers. (ERIC Thesaurus, 1997)Models, Educational: Theoretical models which propose methods of learning or teaching as a basis or adjunct to changes in attitude or behavior. These educational interventions are usually applied in the fields of health and patient education but are not restricted to patient care.School Admission Criteria: Requirements for the selection of students for admission to academic institutions.Counseling: The giving of advice and assistance to individuals with educational or personal problems.Communication: The exchange or transmission of ideas, attitudes, or beliefs between individuals or groups.Internet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.Social Distance: The degree of closeness or acceptance an individual or group feels toward another individual or group.Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions: Disorders that result from the intended use of PHARMACEUTICAL PREPARATIONS. Included in this heading are a broad variety of chemically-induced adverse conditions due to toxicity, DRUG INTERACTIONS, and metabolic effects of pharmaceuticals.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Interprofessional Relations: The reciprocal interaction of two or more professional individuals.Private Sector: That distinct portion of the institutional, industrial, or economic structure of a country that is controlled or owned by non-governmental, private interests.Students, Nursing: Individuals enrolled in a school of nursing or a formal educational program leading to a degree in nursing.Health Care Surveys: Statistical measures of utilization and other aspects of the provision of health care services including hospitalization and ambulatory care.Costs and Cost Analysis: Absolute, comparative, or differential costs pertaining to services, institutions, resources, etc., or the analysis and study of these costs.Workflow: Description of pattern of recurrent functions or procedures frequently found in organizational processes, such as notification, decision, and action.Universities: Educational institutions providing facilities for teaching and research and authorized to grant academic degrees.Pharmacology, Clinical: The branch of pharmacology that deals directly with the effectiveness and safety of drugs in humans.Contraceptives, Postcoital, Hormonal: Postcoital contraceptives which owe their effectiveness to hormonal preparations.TennesseeMedicaid: Federal program, created by Public Law 89-97, Title XIX, a 1965 amendment to the Social Security Act, administered by the states, that provides health care benefits to indigent and medically indigent persons.Insurance Claim Reporting: The design, completion, and filing of forms with the insurer.Drug Industry: That segment of commercial enterprise devoted to the design, development, and manufacture of chemical products for use in the diagnosis and treatment of disease, disability, or other dysfunction, or to improve function.Cephalopoda: A class in the phylum MOLLUSCA comprised of SQUID; CUTTLEFISH; OCTOPUS; and NAUTILUS. These marine animals are the most highly organized of all the mollusks.CaliforniaIndianaCertification: Compliance with a set of standards defined by non-governmental organizations. Certification is applied for by individuals on a voluntary basis and represents a professional status when achieved, e.g., certification for a medical specialty.Contraception, Postcoital: Means of postcoital intervention to avoid pregnancy, such as the administration of POSTCOITAL CONTRACEPTIVES to prevent FERTILIZATION of an egg or implantation of a fertilized egg (OVUM IMPLANTATION).Salaries and Fringe Benefits: The remuneration paid or benefits granted to an employee.College Admission Test: Test designed to identify students suitable for admission into a graduate or undergraduate curriculum.Pilot Projects: Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.Adverse Drug Reaction Reporting Systems: Systems developed for collecting reports from government agencies, manufacturers, hospitals, physicians, and other sources on adverse drug reactions.Records as Topic: The commitment in writing, as authentic evidence, of something having legal importance. The concept includes certificates of birth, death, etc., as well as hospital, medical, and other institutional records.Medication Reconciliation: The formal process of obtaining a complete and accurate list of each patient's current home medications including name, dosage, frequency, and route of administration, and comparing admission, transfer, and/or discharge medication orders to that list. The reconciliation is done to avoid medication errors.Professional Practice Location: Geographic area in which a professional person practices; includes primarily physicians and dentists.Rural Health Services: Health services, public or private, in rural areas. The services include the promotion of health and the delivery of health care.Social Media: Platforms that provide the ability and tools to create and publish information accessed via the INTERNET. Generally these platforms have three characteristics with content user generated, high degree of interaction between creator and viewer, and easily integrated with other sites.Physician's Practice Patterns: Patterns of practice related to diagnosis and treatment as especially influenced by cost of the service requested and provided.Organizational Objectives: The purposes, missions, and goals of an individual organization or its units, established through administrative processes. It includes an organization's long-range plans and administrative philosophy.Privacy: The state of being free from intrusion or disturbance in one's private life or affairs. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, 1993)Substance Abuse, Intravenous: Abuse, overuse, or misuse of a substance by its injection into a vein.

Revolving drug funds: a step towards health security. (1/380)

The establishment of a revolving drug fund project in Viet Nam is described and the factors responsible for its success are considered. As well as being a tool for cost recovery a revolving drug fund can serve as an entry point for strengthening health care and improving health security at local and district level.  (+info)

Performance of village pharmacies and patient compliance after implementation of essential drug programme in rural Burkina Faso. (2/380)

After implementation of a nation-wide essential drug programme in Burkina Faso a prospective study was undertaken consisting of non-participant observation in the health centre and in the village pharmacy, and of household interviews with the patients. The study covered all general consultations in nine health centres in three districts over a two-week period as well as all client-vendor contacts in the corresponding village pharmacies; comprising 313 patients in consultations and 498 clients in eight village pharmacies with 12 vendors involved in dispensing 908 drugs. Additionally patients were interviewed in their households. Performance and utilization of the village pharmacy: 82.0% of the drugs prescribed in the health centres were actually dispensed at the village pharmacy, 5.9% of the drugs were not available at the village pharmacy. Wrong drugs were dispensed in 2.1% of cases. 41.3% of the drugs dispensed in the village pharmacy were bought without a prescription. Differences are seen between the district and are put in relation to different onset of the essential drug programme. Patient compliance: Patients could recall the correct dosage for 68.3% of the drugs. Drug taking compliance was 63.1%, derived from the pills remaining in the households. 11.5% of the drugs had obviously been taken incorrectly to such an extent that the occurrence of undesired drug effects was likely. The study demonstrates the success of the essential drug programme not only in performance but also in acceptability and utilization by the population.  (+info)

Factors affecting bargaining outcomes between pharmacies and insurers. (3/380)

OBJECTIVE: To model the bargaining power of pharmacies and insurers in price negotiations and test whether it varies with characteristics of the pharmacy, insurer, and pharmacy market. DATA SOURCES/STUDY SETTING: Data from four sources. Pharmacy/insurer transactions were taken from Medstat's universe of 6.8 million pharmacy claims in their 1994 Marketscan database. Sources Informatics, Inc. supplied a three-digit zip code-level summary database containing pharmacy payments and self-reported costs for retail (cash-paying) customers for the top 200 pharmaceutical products by prescription size in 1994. The National Council of Prescription Drug Programs supplied their 1994 pharmacy database. Zip code-level socioeconomic and commercial information was taken from Bureau of the Census' 1990 Summary Tape File 3B and 1994 Zip Code Business Patterns database. STUDY DESIGN: The provider/insurer bargaining model first employed in Brooks, Dor, and Wong (1997, 1998) was adapted to the circumstances surrounding pharmacy and insurer bargaining. DATA COLLECTION/EXTRACTION METHODS: The units of observation in this study were single Medstat claims for each unique insurer/pharmacy combination in the database for selected pharmaceutical products. The four products selected varied in the conditions they treat, whether they are used to treat chronic or acute conditions, and by their sales volume. Used in the analysis were 9,758 Zantac, 2,681 Humulin, 3,437 Mevacor, and 1,860 Dilantin observations. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We find statistically significant variation in pharmacy bargaining power. Pharmacy bargaining power varies significantly across markets, insurers, and pharmacy types. With respect to market structure, pharmacy bargaining power is negatively related to pharmacies per capita and pharmacies per employer and positively related to pharmacy concentration at higher concentration levels. In addition, the higher the percentage of independent pharmacies in an area, the lower the pharmacy bargaining power. With respect to socioeconomic conditions, pharmacy bargaining power is higher in areas with lower per capita income and higher rates of public assistance. CONCLUSIONS: The bargaining power of pharmacies in contract negotiations with insurers varies considerably with exogenous factors. Local area pharmacy ownership concentration enhances pharmacy bargaining. As a result, anti-trust law prohibiting the collective bargaining of independent pharmacies with insurers leaves independents at a disadvantage with respect to chains.  (+info)

Pharmacist compensation for ambulatory patient care services. (4/380)

This activity is designed for pharmacists practicing in ambulatory, community, and managed care environments. GOAL: To discuss issues involved in the transition from product-based to patient-care-based reimbursement and compensation systems for pharmacists. OBJECTIVES: 1. Differentiate between reimbursement and compensation. 2. Describe the limitations of current third-party reimbursement and compensation systems. 3. Describe ways in which compensation for seemingly identical products and services can vary. 4. Discuss the use of Medicare's Resource-Based Value Scale and the relative value unit. 5. Define and differentiate between ICD-9-CM codes and E/M CPT codes. 6. List the three key components needed to determine an E/M CPT code for a new patient seen in the pharmacy. 7. Describe and provide examples of the SOAP method of documentation. 8. Understand why the referral process is an important step in the compensation process. 9. Discuss the importance of Form HCFA-1500 and other documentation in the compensation process.  (+info)

Promoting medical self-care: evaluation of a family intervention implemented in the primary health care by pharmacies. (5/380)

BACKGROUND: Medical self-care is the range of behaviours undertaken by people to promote or restore health when dealing with a medical problem. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to evaluate medical self-care effects of a family intervention implemented in primary health care by pharmacies, in terms of non-professional and professional involvement. METHODS: The intervention was implemented in one of two primary health care areas during a 4-month period and involved consecutive families acting as an intervention (IG, n = 94) or a control (CG, n = 93) group. Eight telephone interviews were conducted with each family. The families were asked about complaints of illness, how long they prevailed and how they were treated. RESULTS: The results showed (P < 0.05-0.0001) that the IG had more medical problems (931 versus 621) compared with the CG, were less hospitalized (4 versus 10), stayed at home more to take care of sick children (84 versus 40), read more medical brochures (121 versus 31), tried more non-medical treatments (228 versus 116), and had fewer visits to the department of paediatrics but more visits to primary health care (69 and 98 versus 90 and 68). CONCLUSIONS: Due to the non-randomization procedure, some caution with regard to generalization of the results must be taken, but they are in concordance with established knowledge of the usefulness of medical self-care. The results indicate that a brief intervention for families can change the use of health authorities. It therefore seems meaningful to implement the intervention in a more comprehensive way in the primary health care setting, while at the same time trying to implement it as a large-scale randomized experimental study, comprising aspects such as the individual's need for care, the use of the right organization level and the assessment of economic costs and savings.  (+info)

Antibiotic dispensing by drug retailers in Kathmandu, Nepal. (6/380)

OBJECTIVES To assess over-the-counter antimicrobial dispensing by drug retailers in Kathmandu, Nepal, for rationality, safety, and compliance with existing government regulations. METHODS: Standardized cases of dysuria in a young adult male and acute watery diarrhoea in a child were presented by a mock patient to retailers at 100 randomly selected pharmacies. Questions asked by retailers and advice and medications given at their initiative were recorded. RESULTS: All retailers engaged in diagnostic and therapeutic behaviour beyond their scope of training or legal mandate. Historical information obtained by retailers was inadequate to determine the nature or severity of disease or appropriateness of antimicrobial therapy. 97% (95% CI = 91.5-99.4%) of retailers dispensed unnecessary antimicrobials in diarrhoea, while only 44% (95% CI = 34.1-54.3%) recommended oral rehydration therapy and only 3% (95% CI = 0.6-8.5%) suggested evaluation by a physician. 38% (95% CI = 28.5-48.2%) gave antimicrobials in dysuria, yet only 4% (95% CI = 1.1-9.9%) adequately covered cystitis. None covered upper urinary tract or sexually transmitted infections, conditions which could not be ruled out based on the interviews, and only 7% (95% CI = 2.9-13. 9%) referred for a medical history and physical examination necessary to guide therapy. CONCLUSIONS: Although legislation in Nepal mandates a medical prescription for purchase of antibiotics, unauthorized dispensing is clearly problematic. Drug retailers in our study did not demonstrate adequate understanding of the disease processes in question to justify their use of these drugs. Risks of such indiscretion include harm to individual patients as well as spread of antimicrobial resistance. More intensive efforts to educate drug retailers on their role in dispensing, along with increased enforcement of existing regulations, must be pursued.  (+info)

Syringe vending machines for injection drug users: an experiment in Marseille, France. (7/380)

OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated the usefulness of vending machines in providing injection drug users with access to sterile syringes in Marseille, France. METHODS: Self-administered questionnaires were offered to 485 injection drug users obtaining syringes from 32 pharmacies, 4 needle exchange programs, and 3 vending machines. RESULTS: Of the 343 respondents (response rate = 70.7%), 21.3% used the vending machines as their primary source of syringes. Primary users of vending machines were more likely than primary users of other sources to be younger than 30 years, to report no history of drug maintenance treatment, and to report no sharing of needles or injection paraphernalia. CONCLUSIONS: Vending machines may be an appropriate strategy for providing access to syringes for younger injection drug users, who have typically avoided needle exchange programs and pharmacies.  (+info)

Using automated pharmacy records to assess the management of tuberculosis. (8/380)

We used automated pharmacy dispensing data to characterize tuberculosis (TB) management for 45 health maintenance organization (HMO) members. Pharmacy records distinguished patients treated in HMOs from those treated elsewhere. For cases treated in HMOs, they provided useful information about appropriateness of prescribed regimens and adherence to therapy.  (+info)

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  • The U.S. Food and Drug Administration would gain greater authority over pharmacies that compound sterile drugs for tailored use and ship them across state lines, under proposed legislation announced on Friday. (foxbusiness.com)
  • Many people depend on their doctors and pharmacies to not prescribe or dispense potentially contraindicated drugs, but doctors are not always aware of all the medications their patients are taking (or their potentially dangerous interactions), and any fail-safes in place at pharmacies are also not measuring up. (mercola.com)
  • The FDA Pharmacy Student Experiential Program (PSEP) provides an opportunity to learn about the FDA's multidisciplinary processes for addressing public health issues involving drugs, biologics, and medical devices. (fda.gov)
  • Compounding pharmacies, which alter or combine drugs to meet special needs of patients or prepare drugs for unapproved uses, such as with Avastin, have come under increased scrutiny since tainted injectable steroids manufactured by a Massachusetts compounder led to a meningitis outbreak last year that caused more than 40 deaths and injured hundreds of patients. (reuters.com)
  • The pharmacy board wants to inspect compounding pharmacies that sell drugs in California after a nationwide meningitis outbreak linked to contaminated drugs. (latimes.com)
  • SACRAMENTO - State regulators are responding to a deadly nationwide meningitis outbreak linked to contaminated drugs by seeking new power to inspect out-of-state pharmacies that sell special-order prescription drugs in California. (latimes.com)
  • But that fortunate outcome hasn't kept the California Board of Pharmacy from being more aggressive about policing sometimes poorly regulated pharmacies that produce and ship large volumes of these medications, known as compounded drugs. (latimes.com)
  • The state pharmacy board, which oversees and licenses nearly 7,000 drugstores in California, plans to sponsor a bill in the Legislature this year that would give state agents the authority to make unannounced on-site inspections of out-of-state pharmacies that the board licenses to ship sterile medicines, such as injectable steroids, eyedrops and inhaled aerosol drugs, to healthcare providers here. (latimes.com)
  • But keeping track of out-of-state, large-volume pharmacies isn't easy, Herold conceded, because both state and federal laws are ambiguous about who is responsible for regulating different types of compounded drugs. (latimes.com)
  • Any state-licensed pharmacist can make these drugs with a doctor's prescription, if the pharmacy also has a state license. (latimes.com)
  • Some pharmacies have begun manufacturing large volumes of drugs - such as sterile, injectable steroids used to temporarily ease back pain - that are shipped in bulk to hospitals and outpatient surgical centers. (latimes.com)
  • KNOX: It's a pharmacy that makes drugs and sends them off directly to doctors and hospitals. (npr.org)
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  • Healthcare jobs such as pharmacy technicians, LPN's, and LVN's provide over 15 million jobs in the United States alone. (pre-pharmacy.com)
  • Most healthcare jobs require 4 years of college, such as a pre-pharmacy degree, or bachelors degree in biology. (pre-pharmacy.com)
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  • If a healthcare provider can call in a prescription for Mifeprex so that the woman can pick it up at a pharmacy near her, it reduces the burdens of time, expense, needing to take extra time off from work, needing to find additional child care, etcetera. (healthline.com)
  • At Experian Health, we help pharmacies see the whole patient with our comprehensive data solutions and enhance the overall healthcare consumer digital experience. (experian.com)
  • copy and paste this link in your browser to find out more and sign up: www.kcl.ac.uk/events/undergraduate-taster-pharmacy Pharmacists' role within healthcare teams is more important than ever. (kcl.ac.uk)
  • If you are interested in working in the healthcare industry, and have an aptitude for chemistry and mathematics , then a career in the field of pharmacy may be perfect for you. (excite.com)
  • Pharmacy experts can work in healthcare facilities, federal agencies and pharmaceutical companies. (excite.com)
  • Pulse8, the only healthcare analytics company delivering complete visibility into the efficacy of Risk Adjustment and Quality Management programs, is proud to join the Pharmacy Quality Alliance (PQA), a multi-stakeholder, consensus-based membership organization that collaboratively promotes appropriate medication use and develops strategies for measuring and reporting performance information related to medications. (prweb.com)
  • A prescription for a controlled substance is an order for a medication that may be issued only by a physician or other authorized healthcare practitioner," lawyers for the pharmacy chains argued. (foxbusiness.com)
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  • Clinical pharmacy is the branch of pharmacy in which doctor of pharmacy provide patient care that optimizes the use of medication and promotes health , wellness , and disease prevention . (wikipedia.org)
  • Clinical pharmacists care for patients in all health care settings but the clinical pharmacy movement initially began inside hospitals and clinics. (wikipedia.org)
  • A House of Commons standing committee on health last Thursday heard that Canadian internet pharmacies aren't making people any healthier and may be open to fraud. (theregister.co.uk)
  • And a Chinese Pharmacy Enforcement Unit of the State Health Department scored the biggest seizure so far of Chinese-made imitation Viagra. (theregister.co.uk)
  • During her lecture, entitled From Making Medicines to Optimising Health - Pharmacists in the 21st Century , she suggested that innovations like Healthy Living Pharmacies can provide better and more affordable care in areas ranging from the prevention and early detection of obesity and smoking related problems such as cancers, strokes and heart disease through to ensuring good treatment for people with raised blood pressure, type 2 diabetes and some emergency needs. (ucl.ac.uk)
  • Members of bodies such as the new Health and Wellbeing Boards should support pharmacy service developments across the spectrum of public health activities. (ucl.ac.uk)
  • The Faculty of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences will evaluate the state of the event closer to its new date based on the University of Alberta's and Alberta Health Services's health and safety rules and recommendations at the time. (ualberta.ca)
  • You can also find our faculty members at the Edmonton Clinic Health Academy or the Katz Group Centre for Pharmacy and Health Research building. (ualberta.ca)
  • The federal government has accepted just three of the 45 recommendations made by the review of Pharmacy Remuneration and Regulation delivered to Health Minister Greg Hunt in September. (smh.com.au)
  • Addressing a Pharmacy Guild conference on the Gold Coast, Mr Hunt said "the fundamental response is that my approach is to recognise that pharmacy in Australia makes an immense contribution to community health and to ensure we take a careful approach to your future. (smh.com.au)
  • This webpage offers regulatory background information and resources to identify ways that pharmacy intersects with public health and emergency response. (oregon.gov)
  • AUBURN UNIVERSITY, Ala. - As part of its continued commitment to supporting future pharmacists, Cardinal Health has given a philanthropic gift of $125,000 to Auburn University's Harrison School of Pharmacy. (auburn.edu)
  • The gift is part of a collective $2 million in funding distributed to nine universities through the Cardinal Health Pharmacy Scholarship Program in 2014. (auburn.edu)
  • The nine pharmacy schools that were selected to participate in this year's Cardinal Health Pharmacy Scholarship Program were chosen based on their commitment to advancing the independent pharmacy profession. (auburn.edu)
  • We are honored and excited that Cardinal Health chose the Harrison School of Pharmacy for this award," said HSOP Dean R. Lee Evans. (auburn.edu)
  • As the business behind health care, Cardinal Health helps pharmacies, hospitals, ambulatory surgery centers, clinical laboratories and physician offices focus on patient care while reducing costs, enhancing efficiency and improving quality. (auburn.edu)
  • Pharmacists may also choose to specialize in a particular health field such as infectious disease, oncology, nutrition, poison control and psychiatric pharmacy, among others. (excite.com)
  • Compounding pharmacies provide medications that are individually formulated to meet the a patient's specific health care needs. (healthy.net)
  • By utilizing licensed measure specifications developed by PQA for CMS, Pulse8 can further support at-risk providers and health plans with improved compliance with CMS Part D Star Ratings as well as pharmacy measures included in the Quality Rating System (QRS) measure set for Qualified Health Plans (QHP) in the Health Insurance Marketplace. (prweb.com)
  • PQA represents pharmacy providers, pharmacy benefit managers, health plans, academia, consumer advocates, community pharmacies, health technology vendors, pharmaceutical research and manufacturing companies, and other stakeholders interested in improving the quality of the medication-use system. (prweb.com)
  • Pharmacies saw the devastating consequences of this public health crisis firsthand and we will show they did little to nothing to address them," the attorneys said in a statement. (foxbusiness.com)
  • Scerry left the pharmacy in a panic, furious at what had just occurred, but more concerned about her health. (womensenews.org)
  • The demand for trained pharmacy professionals has dramatically increased in recent years due to the rapid growth of the health care and pharmaceutical industries, especially for the growing elderly population. (csbsju.edu)
  • The Student Health Service Pharmacy is staffed by a full-time pharmacist. (stonybrook.edu)
  • The Student Health Service Pharmacy is located in the Infirmary Building on the 1st floor. (stonybrook.edu)
  • The FDA said it was working with the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and with state health departments to determine the scope of any contamination caused by products from the Georgia pharmacy. (reuters.com)
  • Digital Pharmacist Inc. is a partner of the National Community Pharmacists Association and powers the Cardinal Health Pharmacy Marketing Advantage Program. (yahoo.com)
  • Giving health care providers - whether pharmacies, physicians, or others - a license to engage in price fixing and group boycotts aimed at extracting higher payments from third-party payers would be a costly step backward, not forward, on the path to a better health care system. (ftc.gov)
  • In order to become a practicing pharmacist, you will need to complete the graduate Doctor of Pharmacy (PharmD) degree. (excite.com)
  • To become a pharmacist, you will have to get the Doctor of Pharmacy (Pharm.D) degree. (excite.com)
  • [ 6 , 7 ] Doctor of Pharmacy (PharmD) degree programs continued to range from three-year accelerated offerings to the more traditional four-year curricula, with many schools continuing to operate distance campuses. (medscape.com)
  • However, the program provides academic credit hours required for the Doctor of Pharmacy (Pharm.D.) degree. (fda.gov)
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  • This guidance applies to all pharmacy staff to minimize their risk of exposure to SARS-CoV-2 and reduce the risk for patients during the COVID-19 pandemic. (cdc.gov)
  • During the pandemic, pharmacy staff can minimize their risk of exposure to the virus that causes COVID-19 and reduce the risk for patients by using the principles of infection prevention and control and social distancing. (cdc.gov)
  • Although the actual process of preparing medications for dispensing is not a direct patient care activity, the other components of medication dispensing such as prescription intake, patient counseling, or patient education should be conducted in ways that maintain social distancing and minimize the risk of exposure for pharmacy staff and patients. (cdc.gov)
  • We're proud to support tomorrow's community pharmacy leaders through this scholarship program, and we're inspired by the impact we know they'll have on their patients and communities, when they become pharmacy owners. (auburn.edu)
  • INTERNATIONAL PHARMACY is only symbolically incisive to the FDA pulled them from US patients. (angelfire.com)
  • Independent community pharmacies have a new tool to help them promote the enhanced services that they provide their patients. (modernmedicine.com)
  • Chicago Tribune reporters Sam Roe, Ray Long and Karisa King investigated just how often potentially dangerous drug combinations are dispensed at Chicago-area pharmacies without warning to patients. (mercola.com)
  • Others, including Kmart and Costco pharmacies, had a 60 percent failure rate while Walmart failed to warn patients of dangerous drug interactions 43 percent of the time. (mercola.com)
  • FDA's ability to take action against compounding … that exceeds the bounds of traditional pharmacy compounding and poses risks to patients has been hampered by gaps and ambiguities in the law, which have led to legal challenges to FDA's authority to inspect pharmacies and take appropriate enforcement actions," FDA Commissioner Margaret Hamburg said in congressional testimony Nov. 14. (latimes.com)
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  • that 'community pharmacy has led the way in smoking cessation, and encouraging the use of medicines that help people who want to change their behaviour to stop using tobacco. (ucl.ac.uk)
  • This pharmacy offers the Electronic Prescription Service, which allows you to choose or "nominate" a pharmacy to get your medicines or appliances from. (www.nhs.uk)
  • You will have more choice about where to get your medicines from because they can be collected from a pharmacy near to where you live, work or shop. (www.nhs.uk)
  • We are sending you our Guide to Saving Money on Medicines with some tips on how to tell if an online Canadian pharmacy is legitimate. (baltimoresun.com)
  • Releasing the final report and its response on Thursday, the government outright rejected three recommendations and merely "noted" more than 30, including restrictions on the sale of complementary medicines and reforms to pharmacy location rules. (smh.com.au)
  • It also noted a recommendation that would have banned pharmacies from raising or lowering the price of PBS medicines beyond the co-payment set by the government. (smh.com.au)
  • Depending on where you live and how many pharmacies there are, you will pay very different prices for the same medicines … we didn't think this was fair. (smh.com.au)
  • Of the outright rejected recommendations was a trial of machine dispensing in locations not served by community pharmacies and tightening the listing of generic medicines. (smh.com.au)
  • FDA BeSafeRx is a national campaign to raise awareness of the dangers of buying prescription medicines from fake online pharmacies. (fda.gov)
  • With no flesh-and-blood pharmacists and pharmacy locations, Amazon may even find itself at a disadvantage were it to try to replicate the offerings of incumbent companies. (yahoo.com)
  • If you complete the pharmacy tech program, for example, there are a variety of medical specializations that may appeal to you, such as pharmacist assisting or occupational rehabilitation. (pharmacytechprogram.org)
  • If you study pharmacy, for example, there are a variety of concentrations that may appeal to you such as pharmacist assistant jobs, pharmaceutical company internships, or drug rehabilitation. (pre-pharmacy.com)
  • In order to work as a pharmacist it is necessary to acquire formal training in the area through a pharmacy related program. (excite.com)
  • Professor Lynn Wardle of Brigham Young University, a national expert on conscience-clause legislation, believes the recent increase in pharmacist-specific legislation is the result of the dramatic increase in reproductive medications that can be bought in a local pharmacy, rather than being dispensed at a doctor's office or in a hospital setting. (womensenews.org)
  • In addition to learning about FDA operations, students interact with other pharmacy students from schools across the country and learn about pharmacist career opportunities available in government. (fda.gov)
  • AUSTIN, Texas , Jan. 9, 2020 /PRNewswire/ -- Digital Pharmacist ( www.digitalpharmacist.com ), a rapidly growing software company that powers digital communication and adherence solutions for more than 7,500 pharmacies, announced today that another 160 pharmacies have adopted its new 2-way messaging platform. (yahoo.com)
  • Text notifications are great, but secure 2-way conversations are the future of pharmacy," Dustin Humphreys , chief executive officer of Digital Pharmacist, commented. (yahoo.com)
  • Some outstanding users of the product include AHF Pharmacy Downtown LA and AHF Campus Florida who have sent 4,483 and 2,208 pharmacist-initiated messages respectively. (yahoo.com)
  • Digital Pharmacist ( https://www.digitalpharmacist.com ) is a rapidly growing software company that powers the digital, communication and adherence solutions for over 7,500 pharmacies. (yahoo.com)
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  • There are many steps on the patient journey, and it often includes a stop at the pharmacy to pick up important medications. (experian.com)
  • Pharmacy and compounding of medications serving eastern Long Island. (healthy.net)
  • In many cases, those entities dispensed medications in greater volume than the chains being sued are accused of doing, the pharmacies said. (foxbusiness.com)
  • Each year, students coming into The Faculty of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences undergraduate programs attend the White Coat Ceremony, take the Pledge of Professionalism and the Code of Ethics, and are welcomed into the profession by industry representatives, family and friends. (ualberta.ca)
  • Fully accredited by the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE), the School offers doctoral degrees in pharmacy (Pharm.D.) and pharmaceutical sciences (Ph.D.) while also offering a master's in pharmaceutical sciences. (auburn.edu)
  • It is not just pharmacy or pharmaceutical sciences, but the engineering and the combining and developing, being able to do the discovery and all the way through the applied science part of it. (auburn.edu)
  • Check with the pharmacy department for an updated schedule of classes, registration deadlines, and a list of pre-pharmacy degree requirements. (pre-pharmacy.com)
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  • King's designed and implemented the first integrated pharmacy degree in the UK. (kcl.ac.uk)
  • The degree of Doctor of Philosophy in Pharmacy is offered to qualified candidates normally by full-time study. (mun.ca)
  • The General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies of Memorial University of Newfoundland outlined in the current Calendar, and the Degree Regulations of the School of Pharmacy outlined below will apply. (mun.ca)
  • Every candidate in graduate studies shall comply with the General Regulations , Degree Regulations and all additional requirements of the School of Pharmacy. (mun.ca)
  • Degree in Pharmacy, or its equivalent in a related discipline, from a university of recognized standing. (mun.ca)
  • A student of pharmacy is required to learn about all aspects of the field during the course of a pharmacy degree. (excite.com)
  • A pharmacy degree, better known as a Pharm. (excite.com)
  • Ranked number one in Queensland for learner engagement, skills development and employment outcomes^ - prepare for career success with a JCU Pharmacy degree. (edu.au)
  • Gain a world class education and be in demand by employers when you graduate with a JCU pharmacy degree. (edu.au)
  • Rated #1 in Queensland for learner engagement and skills development, and 5 stars for student experience*, JCU's Bachelor of Pharmacy (Honours) degree will set you up for success. (edu.au)
  • Preference will be given to students pursuing a pharmacy degree after having completed a baccalaureate degree in another discipline. (fastweb.com)
  • Our Bachelor degree programme in Pharmacy combines chemistry with biology and medicine. (rug.nl)
  • The Pharmacy programme in Groningen ranks first in the annual Elsevier Student Survey of best degree programmes in the Netherlands, as well as in the Keuzegids Universiteiten (Education Guide for Universities). (rug.nl)
  • Auburn University's Harrison School of Pharmacy is ranked among the top 20 percent of all pharmacy schools in the United States, according to U.S. News & World Report. (auburn.edu)
  • AUBURN UNIVERSITY, Ala. - Three Harrison School of Pharmacy faculty members worked as part of a group that recently won the President's Outstanding Collaborative Units Award. (auburn.edu)
  • The team of faculty from the College of Agriculture, College of Veterinary Medicine, the Ginn College of Engineering, and the Harrison School of Pharmacy were recognized for the development of a Pharmaceutical Engineering program and the receipt of a GAANN training grant from the United States Department of Education. (auburn.edu)
  • The Pharmacotherapy Resident has staffing opportunities in the medicine pharmacy during his/her first year, and in the surgery or pediatric pharmacy during his/her second year. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
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  • The average independent pharmacy had total sales of approximately $4 million and average prescription sales of approximately $3.7 million per location (accounting for 92.5% of all independent pharmacy sales). (wikipedia.org)
  • Among the bulk of recommendations not accepted and merely "noted" were reforms to pharmacy location rules aimed at preventing local monopolies that stifle competition and hike up prescription prices. (smh.com.au)
  • Online International Pharmacy- no prescription! (angelfire.com)
  • Attorneys leading the opioid lawsuits said Tuesday their goal continues to be holding pharmacies accountable for not meeting requirements to actively prevent the diversion and abuse of prescription painkillers. (foxbusiness.com)
  • After quickly calling her boss at work and making excuses, Scerry began making other calls: her gynecologist (who had no appointments available), her family doctor (who also could not see her immediately), and, finally, Planned Parenthood, where she secured a prescription she was able to fill at another Cleveland-area pharmacy. (womensenews.org)
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  • Develop strong clinical skills with over 600 hours of placements in local pharmacies and hospitals. (edu.au)
  • Study pharmacy in a hands-on learning environment where you can hone your clinical skills and graduate career-ready. (edu.au)
  • This level of participation allows us to not only help in providing gap identification for current pharmacy quality measures, but also provides us unique insight into the individual measures, allowing us the ability to recommend meaningful solutions to improve performance," stated Chris Simmons, FNP, Vice President, Clinical Analytics. (prweb.com)
  • Dr. Gilmore is an Internal Medicine Clinical Pharmacy Specialist at The Johns Hopkins Hospital. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • Candidates shall complete additional undergraduate courses in Pharmacy or other related areas where the Supervisory Committee considers there to be a deficiency in the academic record. (mun.ca)
  • Some of the recommendations not accepted were designed to give consumers a seat at the table to shape the Community Pharmacy Agreement Process and greater transparency. (smh.com.au)
  • and demonstrate high post-graduate placement rates in community pharmacy settings. (auburn.edu)
  • Community pharmacy 2010_(final). (slideshare.net)
  • Drug Topics Executive Editor Anthony Vecchione sat down with NCPA CEO Douglas Hoey to discuss the current state of independent community pharmacy and some of the pressing issues facing the profession. (modernmedicine.com)
  • SuperValu Pharmacies is owned and operated by the American grocery retailer, SuperValu. (wikipedia.org)
  • Thursday's agreement with major chain drug stores, grocery market pharmacies and other chains and networks covers about 3 in 5 of pharmacies in all 50 states and U.S. territories like Puerto Rico. (pbs.org)
  • As a pharmacy student you have the possibility to get to know our research, development or business functions within the framework of an internship or apprenticeship. (basf.com)
  • Students need to complete an internship at a pharmacy as part of the graduation requirements for most pharmacy related degrees. (excite.com)
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  • Pharmacists behind the bulwarks in chain pharmacies or isolated in hospital basements quietly and efficiently hew to their motto: providing the right medicine to the right patient at the right time. (bmj.com)
  • As a student in our BSc programme, you will be familiarized with future career opportunities by active participation in ongoing research programs and visits to both community and hospital pharmacies. (rug.nl)
  • The company was acquired by CVS Pharmacy in September, 2014 and is operated as a separate brand and business of CVS, headquartered in Miami, Florida. (wikipedia.org)
  • Navarro Discount Pharmacies has a 17% market share in South Florida, ahead of Walgreens and CVS/pharmacy. (wikipedia.org)
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