Naturally occurring complex liquid hydrocarbons which, after distillation, yield combustible fuels, petrochemicals, and lubricants.
The industry concerned with the removal of raw materials from the Earth's crust and with their conversion into refined products.
Release of oil into the environment usually due to human activity.
Volative flammable fuel (liquid hydrocarbons) derived from crude petroleum by processes such as distillation reforming, polymerization, etc.
Complex petroleum hydrocarbons consisting mainly of residues from crude oil distillation. These liquid products include heating oils, stove oils, and furnace oils and are burned to generate energy.
Toxic, volatile, flammable liquid hydrocarbon byproduct of coal distillation. It is used as an industrial solvent in paints, varnishes, lacquer thinners, gasoline, etc. Benzene causes central nervous system damage acutely and bone marrow damage chronically and is carcinogenic. It was formerly used as parasiticide.
A plant genus of the family VITACEAE. Cissus rufescence gum is considered comparable to TRAGACANTH.
Substances which pollute the soil. Use for soil pollutants in general or for which there is no specific heading.
The generic name for the group of aliphatic hydrocarbons Cn-H2n+2. They are denoted by the suffix -ane. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
Adverse effect upon bodies of water (LAKES; RIVERS; seas; groundwater etc.) caused by CHEMICAL WATER POLLUTANTS.
Elimination of ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTANTS; PESTICIDES and other waste using living organisms, usually involving intervention of environmental or sanitation engineers.
Areas of the earth where hydrocarbon deposits of PETROLEUM and/or NATURAL GAS are located.
A colloidal system of semisolid hydrocarbons obtained from PETROLEUM. It is used as an ointment base, topical protectant, and lubricant.
A refined petroleum fraction used as a fuel as well as a solvent.
A body of water located at the southeastern corner of North America. It is bordered by the states to the north of Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Texas; by five Mexican states to the west: Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Tabasco, Campeche, Yucatan; and by Cuba to the southeast.
Concentrated pharmaceutical preparations of plants obtained by removing active constituents with a suitable solvent, which is evaporated away, and adjusting the residue to a prescribed standard.
A mixture of liquid hydrocarbons obtained from petroleum. It is used as laxative, lubricant, ointment base, and emollient.
The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents that occurs as a result of one's occupation.
The aggregate enterprise of manufacturing and technically producing chemicals. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Compounds that provide LUBRICATION between surfaces in order to reduce FRICTION.
A family of anaerobic METHANOMICROBIALES whose cells are coccoid to straight or slightly curved rods. There are six genera.
Removal of ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTANTS or contaminants for the general protection of the environment. This is accomplished by various chemical, biological, and bulk movement methods, in conjunction with ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING.
Organic compounds containing carbon and hydrogen in the form of an unsaturated, usually hexagonal ring structure. The compounds can be single ring, or double, triple, or multiple fused rings.
Chemical compounds which pollute the water of rivers, streams, lakes, the sea, reservoirs, or other bodies of water.
Diseases caused by factors involved in one's employment.
The means of moving persons, animals, goods, or materials from one place to another.
The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in the soil. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms.
Any combustible hydrocarbon deposit formed from the remains of prehistoric organisms. Examples are petroleum, coal, and natural gas.
One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.
A major group of unsaturated cyclic hydrocarbons containing two or more rings. The vast number of compounds of this important group, derived chiefly from petroleum and coal tar, are rather highly reactive and chemically versatile. The name is due to the strong and not unpleasant odor characteristic of most substances of this nature. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 12th ed, p96)
Worthless, damaged, defective, superfluous or effluent material from industrial operations.
Materials or phenomena which can provide energy directly or via conversion.
Hydrocarbon-rich byproducts from the non-fossilized BIOMASS that are combusted to generate energy as opposed to fossilized hydrocarbon deposits (FOSSIL FUELS).
Organic compounds composed exclusively of carbon and hydrogen where no carbon atoms join to form a ring structure.
Six-carbon saturated hydrocarbon group of the methane series. Include isomers and derivatives. Various polyneuropathies are caused by hexane poisoning.
Inorganic or organic compounds that contain sulfur as an integral part of the molecule.
Constituent of 30S subunit prokaryotic ribosomes containing 1600 nucleotides and 21 proteins. 16S rRNA is involved in initiation of polypeptide synthesis.
A region, north-central Asia, largely in Russia. It extends from the Ural Mountains to the Pacific Ocean and from the Arctic Ocean to central Kazakhstan and the borders of China and Mongolia.
A genus of ascomycetous fungi in the family Trichocomaceae, order EUROTIALES. Some species can cause opportunistic infections in humans, similar to its anamorph ASPERGILLUS.
Eight-carbon saturated hydrocarbon group of the methane series. Include isomers and derivatives.
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
Books used in the study of a subject that contain a systematic presentation of the principles and vocabulary of a subject.
Animate or inanimate sources which normally harbor disease-causing organisms and thus serve as potential sources of disease outbreaks. Reservoirs are distinguished from vectors (DISEASE VECTORS) and carriers, which are agents of disease transmission rather than continuing sources of potential disease outbreaks.
A chemical process for separating the components of a liquid mixture by boiling and collecting condensed vapors.
A plastic substance deposited by insects or obtained from plants. Waxes are esters of various fatty acids with higher, usually monohydric alcohols. The wax of pharmacy is principally yellow wax (beeswax), the material of which honeycomb is made. It consists chiefly of cerotic acid and myricin and is used in making ointments, cerates, etc. (Dorland, 27th ed)
Large marine mammals of the order CETACEA. In the past, they were commercially valued for whale oil, for their flesh as human food and in ANIMAL FEED and FERTILIZERS, and for baleen. Today, there is a moratorium on most commercial whaling, as all species are either listed as endangered or threatened.
The species Physeter catodon (also called Physeter macrocephalus), in the family Physeteridae. The common name is derived from the milky wax substance in its head (spermaceti). The species also produces an intestinal secretion AMBERGRIS, which was previously used in perfumes. The sperm whale is the largest toothed MAMMAL in the world.
Polymeric materials (usually organic) of large molecular weight which can be shaped by flow. Plastic usually refers to the final product with fillers, plasticizers, pigments, and stabilizers included (versus the resin, the homogeneous polymeric starting material). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Critical analyses of books or other monographic works.
The enactment of laws and ordinances and their regulation by official organs of a nation, state, or other legislative organization. It refers also to health-related laws and regulations in general or for which there is no specific heading.

Anaerobic oxidation of o-xylene, m-xylene, and homologous alkylbenzenes by new types of sulfate-reducing bacteria. (1/660)

Various alkylbenzenes were depleted during growth of an anaerobic, sulfate-reducing enrichment culture with crude oil as the only source of organic substrates. From this culture, two new types of mesophilic, rod-shaped sulfate-reducing bacteria, strains oXyS1 and mXyS1, were isolated with o-xylene and m-xylene, respectively, as organic substrates. Sequence analyses of 16S rRNA genes revealed that the isolates affiliated with known completely oxidizing sulfate-reducing bacteria of the delta subclass of the class Proteobacteria. Strain oXyS1 showed the highest similarities to Desulfobacterium cetonicum and Desulfosarcina variabilis (similarity values, 98.4 and 98.7%, respectively). Strain mXyS1 was less closely related to known species, the closest relative being Desulfococcus multivorans (similarity value, 86.9%). Complete mineralization of o-xylene and m-xylene was demonstrated in quantitative growth experiments. Strain oXyS1 was able to utilize toluene, o-ethyltoluene, benzoate, and o-methylbenzoate in addition to o-xylene. Strain mXyS1 oxidized toluene, m-ethyltoluene, m-isoproyltoluene, benzoate, and m-methylbenzoate in addition to m-xylene. Strain oXyS1 did not utilize m-alkyltoluenes, whereas strain mXyS1 did not utilize o-alkyltoluenes. Like the enrichment culture, both isolates grew anaerobically on crude oil with concomitant reduction of sulfate to sulfide.  (+info)

Microbial desulfurization of organic sulfur compounds in petroleum. (2/660)

Sulfur removal from petroleum is important from the standpoint of the global environment because the combustion of sulfur compounds leads to the production of sulfur oxides, which are the source of acid rain. As the regulations for sulfur in fuels become more stringent, the existing chemical desulfurizations are coming inadequate for the "deeper desulfurization" to produce lower-sulfur fuels without new and innovative processes. Biodesulfurization is rising as one of the candidates. Several microorganisms were found to desulfurize dibenzothiophene (DBT), a representative of the organic sulfur compounds in petroleum, forming a sulfur-free compound, 2-hydroxybiphenyl. They are promising as biocatalysts in the microbial desulfurization of petroleum because without assimilation of the carbon content, they remove only sulfur from the heterocyclic compounds which is refractory to conventional chemical desulfurization. Both enzymological and molecular genetic studies are now in progress for the purpose of obtaining improved desulfurization activity of organisms. The genes involved in the sulfur-specific DBT desulfurization were identified and the corresponding enzymes have been investigated. From the practical point of view, it has been proved that the microbial desulfurization proceeds in the presence of high concentrations of hydrocarbons, and more complicated DBT analogs are also desulfurized by the microorganisms. This review outlines the progress in the studies of the microbial desulfurization from the basic and practical point of view.  (+info)

Potential effects of gas hydrate on human welfare. (3/660)

For almost 30 years. serious interest has been directed toward natural gas hydrate, a crystalline solid composed of water and methane, as a potential (i) energy resource, (ii) factor in global climate change, and (iii) submarine geohazard. Although each of these issues can affect human welfare, only (iii) is considered to be of immediate importance. Assessments of gas hydrate as an energy resource have often been overly optimistic, based in part on its very high methane content and on its worldwide occurrence in continental margins. Although these attributes are attractive, geologic settings, reservoir properties, and phase-equilibria considerations diminish the energy resource potential of natural gas hydrate. The possible role of gas hydrate in global climate change has been often overstated. Although methane is a "greenhouse" gas in the atmosphere, much methane from dissociated gas hydrate may never reach the atmosphere, but rather may be converted to carbon dioxide and sequestered by the hydrosphere/biosphere before reaching the atmosphere. Thus, methane from gas hydrate may have little opportunity to affect global climate change. However, submarine geohazards (such as sediment instabilities and slope failures on local and regional scales, leading to debris flows, slumps, slides, and possible tsunamis) caused by gas-hydrate dissociation are of immediate and increasing importance as humankind moves to exploit seabed resources in ever-deepening waters of coastal oceans. The vulnerability of gas hydrate to temperature and sea level changes enhances the instability of deep-water oceanic sediments, and thus human activities and installations in this setting can be affected.  (+info)

Effects of surfactant mixtures, including Corexit 9527, on bacterial oxidation of acetate and alkanes in crude oil. (4/660)

Mixtures of nonionic and anionic surfactants, including Corexit 9527, were tested to determine their effects on bacterial oxidation of acetate and alkanes in crude oil by cells pregrown on these substrates. Corexit 9527 inhibited oxidation of the alkanes in crude oil by Acinetobacter calcoaceticus ATCC 31012, while Span 80, a Corexit 9527 constituent, markedly increased the oil oxidation rate. Another Corexit 9527 constituent, the negatively charged dioctyl sulfosuccinate (AOT), strongly reduced the oxidation rate. The combination of Span 80 and AOT increased the rate, but not as much as Span 80 alone increased it, which tentatively explained the negative effect of Corexit 9527. The results of acetate uptake and oxidation experiments indicated that the nonionic surfactants interacted with the acetate uptake system while the anionic surfactant interacted with the oxidation system of the bacteria. The overall effect of Corexit 9527 on alkane oxidation by A. calcoaceticus ATCC 31012 thus seems to be the sum of the independent effects of the individual surfactants in the surfactant mixture. When Rhodococcus sp. strain 094 was used, the alkane oxidation rate decreased to almost zero in the presence of a mixture of Tergitol 15-S-7 and AOT even though the Tergitol 15-S-7 surfactant increased the alkane oxidation rate and AOT did not affect it. This indicated that there was synergism between the two surfactants rather than an additive effect like that observed for A. calcoaceticus ATCC 31012.  (+info)

Determination of tin, vanadium, iron, and molybdenum in various matrices by atomic absorption spectrometry using a simultaneous liquid-liquid extraction procedure. (5/660)

An atomic-absorption spectrometric method is described for the determination of tin, vanadium, iron, and molybdenum in two certified reference materials, food samples, and petroleum crude. After treatment with acids, these elements are separated from matrix elements by simultaneous solvent extraction of 5,5'-methylenedisalicylohydroxamic acid complexes from HCl/NaClO4 solution into an isobutyl methyl ketone/tributyl phosphate solution. The detection limits range from 0.018 to 0.19 microg/mL (n = 3), and the relative standard deviations do not exceed 2.0% at levels of 0.5, 0.6, 2.0, and 7.0 microg/mL of Fe, Mo, V, and Sn, respectively. The method is selective and suffers only from interference by Zr(IV), Ti(IV), Th(IV), W(VI), PO4(3-), and F-.  (+info)

Petroleum distillate solvents as risk factors for undifferentiated connective tissue disease (UCTD). (6/660)

Occupational solvent exposure may increase the risk of connective tissue disease (CTD). The objective of this case-control study was to investigate the relation between undifferentiated connective tissue disease (UCTD) and solvent exposure in Michigan and Ohio. Women were considered to have UCTD if they did not meet the American College of Rheumatology classification criteria for any CTD but had at least two documented signs, symptoms, or laboratory abnormalities suggestive of a CTD. Detailed information on solvent exposure was ascertained from 205 cases, diagnosed between 1980 and 1992, and 2,095 population-based controls. Age-adjusted odds ratios (OR) and 95 percent confidence intervals (CI) were calculated for all exposures. Among 16 self-reported occupational activities with potential solvent exposure, furniture refinishing (OR = 9.73, 95 percent CI 1.48-63.90), perfume, cosmetic, or drug manufacturing (OR = 7.71, 95 percent CI 2.24-26.56), rubber product manufacturing (OR = 4.70, 95 percent CI 1.75-12.61), work in a medical diagnostic or pathology laboratory (OR = 4.52, 95 percent CI 2.27-8.97), and painting or paint manufacturing (OR = 2.87, 95 percent CI 1.06-7.76) were significantly associated with UCTD. After expert review of self-reported exposure to ten specific solvents, paint thinners or removers (OR = 2.73, 95 percent CI 1.80-4.16) and mineral spirits (OR = 1.81, 95 percent CI 1.09-3.02) were associated with UCTD. These results suggest that exposure to petroleum distillates increases the risk of developing UCTD.  (+info)

Marinobacter aquaeolei sp. nov., a halophilic bacterium isolated from a Vietnamese oil-producing well. (7/660)

Several strains of moderately halophilic and mesophilic bacteria were isolated at the head of an oil-producing well on an offshore platform in southern Vietnam. Cells were Gram-negative, non-spore-forming, rod-shaped and motile by means of a polar flagellum. Growth occurred at NaCl concentrations between 0 and 20%; the optimum was 5% NaCl. One strain, which was designated VT8T, could degrade n-hexadecane, pristane and some crude oil components. It grew anaerobically in the presence of nitrate on succinate, citrate or acetate, but not on glucose. Several organic acids and amino acids were utilized as sole carbon and energy sources. The major components of its cellular fatty acids were C12:0 3-OH, C16:1, omega 9c, C16:0 and C18:1 omega 9c. The DNA G + C content was 55.7 mol%. 16S rDNA sequence analysis indicated that strain VT8T was closely related to Marinobacter sp. strain CAB (99.8% similarity) and Marinobaster hydrocarbonoclasticus (99.4% similarity). Its antibiotic resistance, isoprenoid quinones and fatty acids were similar to those of Marinobacter hydrocarbonoclasticus and Pseudomonas nautica. However, the whole-cell protein pattern of VT8T differed from that of other halophilic marine isolates, including P. nautica. DNA-DNA hybridization indicated that the level of relatedness to Marinobacter hydrocarbonoclasticus was 65% and that to P. nautica was 75%. Further differences were apparent in Fourier-transformed IR spectra of cells and lipopolysaccharide composition. It is proposed that VT8T should be the type strain of a new species and should be named Marinobacter aquaeolei. P. nautica may have been misclassified, as suggested previously, and may also belong to the genus Marinobacter.  (+info)

The role of dermal irritation in the skin tumor promoting activity of petroleum middle distillates. (8/660)

Petroleum middle distillates (PMDs), a class of hydrocarbons which boil between 350-700 degrees F, are tumor promoters in mouse skin. The promotional activity is produced under conditions that also result in local changes, including chronic irritation and epidermal hyperplasia. The present study was conducted by comparing equal weekly doses of irritating and minimally or nonirritating test materials, to assess whether tumor promotion was a secondary response to these effects. Four PMDs, C10-C14 normal paraffins (NP), lightly refined paraffinic oil (LRPO), Jet Fuel A (JF), and steam-cracked gas oil (SCGO), were evaluated. Test materials were applied undiluted (2x/week) or as 28.6% (7x/week) or 50% (4x/week) concentrations in mineral oil for 52 weeks following initiation with dimethylbenzanthracene (DMBA). When applied undiluted, all materials produced moderate irritation and significant increase in tumor incidence. When NP, LRPO, or JF were applied in mineral oil diluent, skin irritation was generally ameliorated and few, if any, tumors were produced. SCGO was irritating and produced a significant increase in tumor frequency when administered in mineral-oil diluent. These data indicate that the promotional activity of straight-run PMDs is likely related to chronic irritation at the application site and not to dose. Thus, when used appropriately in the absence of prolonged irritation, these materials should not present a tumorigenic hazard to humans.  (+info)

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How is Canada-Newfoundland Offshore Petroleum Board abbreviated? CNOPB stands for Canada-Newfoundland Offshore Petroleum Board. CNOPB is defined as Canada-Newfoundland Offshore Petroleum Board somewhat frequently.
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Final award of offshore exploration permits from closing round of 11 April 2002 in the Western Australia, Northern Territory and Victoria adjacent areas; areas currently available for bidding; do you want to advertise in the 2003 acreage release package?; proposed offshore acreage for release in 2003; promotion of Australian offshore acreage; federal parliament passes Petroleum (Submerged Lands) Amendment Bill 2002; Timor Sea Joint Petroleum Development Area - current status; National Offshore Petroleum Safety Authority; forthcoming report on China in the world market; Regional Minerals Program; Australian petroleum statistics. ...
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United States Patent Inventor Hans Erik Fahlvik Rudsjostrend SF, 802 40 Gavle, Sweden Appl. No. 731,799 Filed May 24, 1968 Patented Nov. 2, 1971 Priority May 26, 1967 Sweden 7,463/67 METHOD AND MEANS FOR THE ABSORPTION OF PETROLEUM PRODUCTS 1 1 Claims, 2 Drawing Figs. 210/484, 210/500, 2l0/D1G. 2, Int. Cl E02b 15/04 Field of Search 252/427, [56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,033,698 3/1936 Finn 210/502 X 2,367,384 1/1945 Tymstra et a1. 2l0/D1G. 21 2,464,204 3/1949 Baker 210/010. 21 3,382,170 5/1968 Pape 210/D1G. 21 FOREIGN PATENTS 979,978 1/1965 Great Britain 210/DIG. 21 Primary ExaminerSamih N. Zaharna Artorney- Fred C. Philpitt ABSTRACT: The absorption of petroleum products is attained by bringing bark from trees belonging to the order Coniferae into contact with the petroleum products. The absorption facilitates the collection and removal of the products from a substrate such as a water surface or a solid base. METHOD AND MEANS FOR Tl lE ABSORPTION OF PETROLEUM PRODUCTS The present ...
Ruling 95-5, Petroleum Products Gross Earnings Tax Abstract: Ruling 95-5Petroleum Products Gross Earnings Tax FACTS: The Company purchases petroleum products outside Connecticut from vendors who ship them to the Companys warehouses located outside of Connecticut. Thereafter, the Company transports the petroleum products into Connecticut and sells them to consumers at retail at its department stores in Connecticut. ...
Get this from a library! Canadian petroleum industry monitoring report.. [Canada. Petroleum Monitoring Agency.; Canada. Petroleum Monitoring and Information Services.; Canada. Petroleum Monitoring and Energy Statistics Division.;]
View more ,A field study in the Pearl River Delta of China was conducted in order to describe to the spatial and seasonal variation of occurrence and concentrations of total petroleum hydrocarbon (TPH) in surface water and sediments. Petroleum hydrocarbons and isoprenoid alkanes were quantified by UV spectroscopy and gas chromatography with a mass selective detector. The concentrations of TPH ranged from 4.3 to 68.7 µg L−1 in surface water, and from 66.6 to 1445 µg g−1 in surface sediments. The ratios of pristine to phytane suggested that the main sources of TPH in the sediment were petroleum importation. The highest concentrations of TPH were present in the spring season. When compared with results from previous studies, it can be concluded that the Pearl River Delta was moderately polluted by TPH. No statistically significant correlations were observed between the concentrations of TPH in surface water and sediments ...
Data presented in the Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM) describe the supply and disposition of petroleum products in the United States and major US geographic regions. The data series describe production, imports and exports, inter-Petroleum Administration for Defense (PAD) District movements, and inventories by the primary suppliers of petroleum products in the United States (50 States and the District of Columbia). The reporting universe includes those petroleum sectors in primary supply. Included are: petroleum refiners, motor gasoline blenders, operators of natural gas processing plants and fractionators, inter-PAD transporters, importers, and major inventory holders of petroleum products and crude oil. When aggregated, the data reported by these sectors approximately represent the consumption of petroleum products in the United States. Data presented in the PSM are divided into two sections: Summary Statistics and Detailed Statistics. The tables and figures ih the Summary Statistics section of ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Environmental and lifestyle factors affect benzene uptake biomonitoring of residents near a petrochemical plant. AU - Fustinoni, Silvia. AU - Campo, Laura. AU - Satta, Giannina. AU - Campagna, Marcello. AU - Ibba, Antonio. AU - Tocco, Maria Giuseppina. AU - Atzeri, Sergio. AU - Avataneo, Giuseppe. AU - Flore, Costantino. AU - Meloni, Michele. AU - Bertazzi, Pier Alberto. AU - Cocco, Pierluigi. PY - 2012/2. Y1 - 2012/2. N2 - Background: We monitored urinary benzene excretion to examine factors affecting benzene uptake in a sample of the general population living near a petrochemical plant. Methods: Our study population included 143 subjects: 33 petrochemical plant workers (W) with low level occupational benzene exposure; 30 residents in a small town 2. km from the plant (2kmR); 26 residents in a second small town located 2 to 4. km from the plant (4kmR); and 54 urban residents 25. km from the plant (25kmR). Exposure to benzene was evaluated by personal air sampling during one ...
Like the Petroleum Act, the Working Environment Act will apply to facilities in the petroleum activities. The term facility is the same as is used in the Petroleum Act, cf. the definition in Section 1-6, litera d of the Petroleum Act. The Working Environment Act has a different, narrower application for vessels than the Petroleum Act, but in the determination of what constitutes a facility and what constitutes a vessel, the same criteria as follow from the petroleum legislation form the basis. Reference is here made to the delimitation in the Petroleum Act in connection with Section 1-4 cf. Section 1-6 litera c, which further limits what vessels can be considered supply and standby vessels, cf. Odelsting Proposition No. 43 (1995-1996), pages 27 and 28. The term includes, in addition to vessels that transport personnel and equipment, crane barges and other service vessels, vessels used to carry out manned underwater operations, pipe-laying vessels, vessels that carry out seismic surveys, etc. On ...
This paper presents a quantitative method for the risk-based evaluation of Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons (TPH) in vapor intrusion investigations. Vapors from petroleum fuels are characterized by a complex mixture of aliphatic and, to a lesser extent, aromatic compounds. These compounds can be measured and described in terms of TPH carbon ranges. Toxicity factors published by USEPA and other parties allow development of risk-based, air and soil vapor screening levels for each carbon range in the same manner as done for individual compounds such as benzene. The relative, carbon range makeup of petroleum vapors can be used to develop weighted, site-specific or generic screening levels for TPH. At some critical ratio of TPH to a targeted, individual compound, the overwhelming proportion of TPH will drive vapor intrusion risk over the individual compound. This is particularly true for vapors associated with diesel and other middle distillate fuels, but can also be the case for low-benzene gasolines or even
This paper presents a quantitative method for the risk-based evaluation of Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons (TPH) in vapor intrusion investigations. Vapors from petroleum fuels are characterized by a complex mixture of aliphatic and, to a lesser extent, aromatic compounds. These compounds can be measured and described in terms of TPH carbon ranges. Toxicity factors published by USEPA and other parties allow development of risk-based, air and soil vapor screening levels for each carbon range in the same manner as done for individual compounds such as benzene. The relative, carbon range makeup of petroleum vapors can be used to develop weighted, site-specific or generic screening levels for TPH. At some critical ratio of TPH to a targeted, individual compound, the overwhelming proportion of TPH will drive vapor intrusion risk over the individual compound. This is particularly true for vapors associated with diesel and other middle distillate fuels, but can also be the case for low-benzene gasolines or even
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Petroleum hydrocarbons (oil) are common environmental contaminants. For risk assessment purposes, their concentrations in environmental matrixes, such as biota and soils/sediments are frequently determined by solvent extraction and subsequent analysis with gas chromatography (GC) equipped with flame ionization detection (FID) or mass spectrometry (MS). Because the total GC detector response ... read more is labeled as total petroleum hydrocarbon (TPH) concentration and matrix compounds (lipids, organic matter) will contribute to this response, proper extract clean-up is crucial. Still, the choice for a specific clean-up material during open column chromatography often seems arbitrary, since no comparative study on clean-up agents for TPH analysis is available. Here, such a study is described and it is demonstrated that none of the commonly used agents fulfills the requirements of complete matrix compound removal and TPH recovery. A novel column filled with (top-down) 1g of 33% (w/w) 1 M ...
The Global C9 Petroleum Hydrocarbon Resin Market report gives a detailed overview of the key market drivers, restraints, and trends and analyzes the way they will affect markets development over the forecast period 2020-2027.. This Global C9 Petroleum Hydrocarbon Resin Market 2020 report also gives comprehensive insight of, in-depth overview of the competitive landscape of the C9 Petroleum Hydrocarbon Resin Market, Industry Size, Share, Market Productions, Pricing, and Global Revenues Import-Export Figures & SWOT Analysis, PEST analysis, PORTER analysis and Forecast till 2027. Click here to get the short-term and long-term impact of COVID-19 on this Market:@ https://www.researchkraft.com/request-sample/1086599. The worldwide C9 Petroleum Hydrocarbon Resin market has been separated into a few essential sections, for example, item types, applications, areas, and end-clients. Moreover, it investigates locales including North America, Europe, South America, the Middle East, Asia, and the remainder ...
Petroleum lpg products Regular Buyers, Petroleum lpg products Importers, Petroleum lpg products Distributors, Petroleum lpg products Wholesalers, Petroleum lpg products Agents, Petroleum lpg products Businesses, Starting with: G - Global B2B marketplace, portal. International Business to Business Marketplace. Send targeted trade leads, post trade offers, find new business partners. Thousands of companies, trade offers. Product Showrooms, Suppliers, Business News, Business Keywords, More. Get a free Business Website at Global B2B Directory.
Unresolved social issues between the local community and the petroleum industry plague the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria. These concerns are addressed by introducing a social sustainability assessment framework for the petroleum industry. Key performance indicators (KPIs) are identified, through a stakeholders engagement process, for social performance measurement purposes. A five-year time-frame is proposed for the periodic assessment of the state of social sustainability. It is recommended that the petroleum industry make the accounting of social sustainability performance measures a priority before beginning projects, especially greenfield projects, since this can assist in resolving the volatility in the region ...
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Get information, facts, and pictures about Petroleum industry at Encyclopedia.com. Make research projects and school reports about Petroleum industry easy with credible articles from our FREE, online encyclopedia and dictionary.
Information about Petroleum Refineries has moved to our new Stationary Sources of Air Pollution site under Petroleum Refineries and Distribution. Please update your bookmarks.. ...
Companies / Company Directory in Chemicals category: Chemical Additives, Chemical Waste, Cosmetics, Detergents, Dyes, Paints & Inks, Explosives, Matches ETC, Fertilisers, Inorganic Chemicals, Misc. Chemical Products, Oils Cosmetic Preparations, Organic Chemicals, Others, Paint, Pesticides, Petroleum Products: Bitumen, Petroleum Products: Coke, Petroleum Products: Crude Oil, Petroleum Products: Fuel Oil, Petroleum Products: Graphite, Petroleum Products: Lubricant, Petroleum Products: Others, Petroleum Products: Paraffin, Pharmaceutical Products, Photographic & Cinema Prod., Pigment, Soap, Waxes & Pastes, Starches, Glues & Enzymes, Manufacturers, Distributors / Wholesalers, Trading Companies, Agents, Buying Offices, Importers / Exporters - Global B2B marketplace, portal. International Business to Business Marketplace. Send targeted trade leads, post trade offers, find new business partners. Thousands of companies, trade offers. Product Showrooms, Suppliers, Business News, Business Keywords, More. Get a
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Thisdayonline reports that the House of Representatives seeks to pursue another strategy in the passage of petroleum industry reforms. The Chairman of the House Committee, Petroleum Upstream, Hon. Victor Nwokolo (Delta-PDP) indicated in a press conference yesterday that the House bill will include the Petroleum Host Community Fund as well as Fiscal reform matters. This runs against the reports that the PIGB passed by the Senate would be given accelerated hearing by the House.. Given the legislative and political timetables, this recent development will pose a challenge to the adoption of the PIGB or indeed any part of the petroleum industry reforms into law in the near future. It is our opinion that the two houses of the National Assembly should work together in the national interest to avoid further delays to much-needed reforms.. ...
TPH and TRH can be used to quantify the hydrocarbons in surface, ground or waste waters contaminated by petroleum products. Petroleum products are produced from crude oil. As these products are a complex mixture of organic compounds, individual compounds are not determined and results are expressed in bands C6-C9, C10-14, C15-C28 and C29-C36.. Click here to read the fact sheet on TPH & TRH analysis.. PAH also known as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons or polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons, occur in oil, coal, and tar deposits, and are produced as by-products of petroleum processing or combustion. As a pollutant, they are of concern because some PAHs have been identified as carcinogenic.. Click here to read the fact sheet on PAH analysis.. BTEX are volatile organic compounds commonly found in products made from petroleum. These compounds may be present in surface or ground waters as a result of contamination possibly from petrol or other petroleum products.. Analysis by AWQC;. ...
Application must be made at least 90 days before major change A petroleum production licensee commits an offence if: (a) the licensee undertakes the recovery of petroleum from a petroleum pool in the licence area; and (b) at the time of the recovery of the petroleum, the licensee has an accepted field development plan for a field that includes the petroleum pool; and (c) the licensee makes a major change in relation to the recovery of petroleum from the field; and (d) the licensee did not, at least 90 days before the occurrence of the major change, apply for a variation of the accepted field development plan. Penalty: 60 penalty units. ...
Instrumentation in petrochemical industries basically consists of flow meters, pressure transmitters, level sensors, temperature sensors, and analysis instruments. The measurement of temperature is a vital part of instrumentation in petrochemical industries. Platinum Resistance Temperature Detectors (RTDs) are often used for their excellent temperature response. Thermocouples are used in locations that need a more durable sensor. Thermocouples come in many types. A pressure to current converter (P/I converter) in petrochemical industries is used to measure the pressure developed by liquified petroleum gas (LPG), crude oil, petrol, and various other petroleum byproducts. In the P/I converter, the indicated pressure can be a digital or an analog form. The main advantage is that it can be directly shown on the control panel in the control room. This is true for temperature measurement also. Because refined oil is volatile, it is important to know the quantity of oil being transported at numerous ...
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POLLASTRO, RICHARD M., U.S. Geological Survey, Energy Resources Team, MS 939, Denver, Colorado 80225 Abstract: Application of the Total Petroleum System Concept to Assessing Undiscovered Gas Resources of the Ghaba and Fahud Salt Basin Provinces, North-Central Oman. The U.S Geological Survey, World Energy Project, ranked the Ghaba and Fahud Salt Basin Provinces of Oman as priority global geologic provinces on the basis of discovered petroleum volumes. The Total Petroleum System concept, modified from Magoon and Dows Petroleum System, is used in conjunction with an assessment unit (a geologically defined, mapable volume of rock with similar exploration strategy and risk characteristics) to assess undiscovered oil and gas resources of the world. The Ghaba and Fahud Salt Basin Provinces contain three Total Petroleum Systems (TPS) that each have one corresponding assessment unit. Hydrocarbons are generated from organic-rich source beds (Huqf and Q) within the Infracambrian Huqf Supergroup and ...
Largest Distribution Center on East Coast Will Allow Expansion of Manufacturing Plant and Support Increasing Number of Patients with Kidney Failure Choosing Home Dialysis. Knoxville, Tenn. - May 29, 2019 - Fresenius Medical Care, the worlds largest provider of dialysis products and services, today celebrated the groundbreaking for a new distribution center in Knoxville, Tenn., which will help support the companys efforts to increase the number of patients with kidney failure choosing home dialysis.. The new distribution center, at the intersection of the John Sevier Highway and I-40, will be the companys largest on the East Coast. The facility will support more than 120 new jobs and allow for future growth of the companys nearby manufacturing plant which opened in 2016. The manufacturing plant, located in the Forks of the River Industrial Park, produces peritoneal dialysis solution and other supplies for home and clinical dialysis.. We are making a strong commitment to expanding access to ...
Why Reducing Waste MattersSource reduction can occur at the distribution center prior to your products hitting the road. The median distribution center in EPAs EnergyStar Portfolio Manager is approximately 110,000 square feet and operates sixty hours per week | Learn More |While distribution centers vary in size across the US, they play a significant part in energy use,
A Ciboria sp. strain (Phylum Ascomycota) was isolated from hydrocarbon-polluted soil of an abandoned oil refinery in Italy. The strain was able to utilize diesel oil as a sole carbon source for growth. Laboratory-scale experiments were designed to evaluate the use of this fungal strain for treatment of the polluted soil. The concentration of total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPH) in the soil was 8,538 mg/kg. Mesocosms containing the contaminated soil were inoculated with the fungal strain at 1 or 7%, on a fresh weight base ratio. After 90 days of incubation, the depletion of TPH contamination was of 78% with the 1% inoculant, and 99% with the 7% inoculant. 16S rDNA and ITS metabarcoding of the bacterial and fungal communities was performed in order to evaluate the potential synergism between fungi and bacteria in the bioremediation process. The functional metagenomic prediction indicated Arthrobacter, Dietzia, Brachybacerium, Brevibacterium, Gordonia, Leucobacter, Lysobacter, and Agrobacterium spp. ...
GlobalDatas report, Mexico Petrochemicals Industry Outlook to 2016 - Market Size, Company Share, Price Trends and Capacity Forecasts provides an in-depth coverage of Mexico petrochemicals industry. The report covers Mexico petrochemical complexes details and presents installed capacity by key feedstock, process and technology. In addition, it presents petrochemicals demand and production forecasts, end use market share, price trends, trade balance data and company shares of the major petrochemicals producers in Mexico.
Brazil Crude Oil Refinery Outlook to 2021. Summary. Brazil Crude Oil Refinery Outlook to 2021 is a comprehensive report on crude oil refinery industry in Brazil. The report provides oil production, consumption, exports and imports details from 2000 to 2020 along with oil reserves for the period 2000 to 2015. The report also provides details on oil refineries such as name, type, operational status, operator apart from capacity data for the major processing units, for all active refineries in Brazil till 2021. Further, the report also offers recent developments, financial deals as well as latest contracts awarded in the countrys oil refinery industry.. Scope. - Historic and forecast of oil data related to production, consumption, imports and exports for the period 2000-2020, and reserves for the period 2000- ...
Abstract Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons (TPH) in soil is often measured to determine if soils have been impacted by crude oil. PT. Chevron Pacific Indonesia (CPI) operates several oil fields in Sumatra and samples soil for TPH content for remediation-
Petroleum is a liquid mix of hydrocarbons. Found in certain rock strata, it is possible to extract this liquid and then refine it so that it can be used as a fuel. Kerosene, gasoline, and oil come from petroleum. It is thick, flammable, and can also be turned into various raw materials through derivative products. Everything from asphalt to paraffin wax can be created from petroleum.. Definitions of petroleum are created based on the viscosity and weight of the liquid. This is how the terms light, intermediate, or heavy are used. When petroleum is found without sulfur, then it is referred to as sweet. When there is sulfur present, the final product is referred to as sour.. One of the most popular commodities that provides fuel for our lifestyles today is light sweet crude, which is petroleum that abides by the described characteristics in its name.. The advantages and disadvantages of petroleum take us to two extremes. On one hand, much of our global society is powered by this resource. On the ...
The types and concentration of hydrocarbons accumulated in the serum and liver tissues of male rats orally exposed to bonny light crude oil (BLCO) wa..
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Objectives: The main research objective of the four articles comprising this dissertation was to provide retrospective exposure information for a planned study on cancer in a cohort within Norways offshore petroleum industry. Methods: Background information on possible exposure was obtained through company visits, including interviewing key personnel (n = 83) and collecting monitoring reports (n = 118) and other relevant documents (n = 329). The collected material was used to identify relevant carcinogens. Twenty-seven job categories were defined based on a previous questionnaire administered to present and former offshore employees in 1998. Descriptions of products containing known and suspected carcinogens, exposure sources and processes were extracted from the collected documentation and the interviews of key personnel (Article II). Exposure data on oil mist and oil vapour covered 37 drilling facilities and were analysed by descriptive statistics and by constructing linear mixed-effects ...
Global Cacined Petroleum Coke market is expected to reach USD XXXX billion in 2022. Global Cacined Petroleum Coke market is anticipated to grow at a CAGR of XX.XX % between 2017 and 2022. The Cacined Petroleum Coke market report covers forecast and analysis for the Cacined Petroleum Coke market on a global and regional level. The study provides Cacined Petroleum Coke markets historic data of 2014, 2015 and 2016 along with a forecast from 2017 to 2022 based on Cacined Petroleum Coke market revenue (USD billion). The Cacined Petroleum Coke market study includes drivers and restraints of the Cacined Petroleum Coke market along with the impact they have on the demand over the forecast period. Additionally, the Cacined Petroleum Coke industry report includes the study of opportunities available in the Cacined Petroleum Coke market on a global level.. The objective of the Report:. Basically, the report focuses on Cacined Petroleum Coke in the global market. Report on Cacined Petroleum Coke market ...
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Study of variation grain size in desulfurization process of …. The raw material use calcined petroleum coke with 0.653% sulfur content. The grain size that used in this research is 50 mesh, then varied to 20 mesh and 100 mesh for each desulfurization process. Desulfurization are tested by ICP, UV-VIS, and FTIR to determine levels of sulfur, carbon, chemical bonding and sulfur dissolved water which contained in the residual washing of calcined petroleum coke.. Calcined Petroleum Coke - Calcined Petroleum Coke …. Low sulphur high carbon CPC Calcined Petroleum Coke Type Fix carbon Min Sulphur Max Moisture Max Ash Max Volatile Max Real density g/cm min Electric resistance max Size(mm) CPC-07 98.5% 3% 0.5% 0.5% 0.7% 2.05 500 0-2mm CPC-08 99.5%. Buy CPC Low Sulfur Petroleum Coke Best Price …. Image CPC Low Sulfur Petroleum Coke Best Price FAQ: CPC Low Sulfur Petroleum Coke Best Price How to classify calcined petroleum coke? 1) According to difference of sulfur content, can be divided into high ...
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The invention discloses a method for refining liquefied petroleum gas, which is characterized by comprising the following steps of: mixing a liquefied petroleum gas raw material to be refined and alkylol amine liquid together; entering a carbonyl sulfide hydrolysis reactor and removing carbonyl sulfide and hydrothion out of the liquefied petroleum gas under the joint action of a carbonyl sulfide hydrolysis catalyst and the alkylol amine liquid; introducing the liquefied petroleum gas without carbonyl sulfide and hydrothion into an extraction tower to contact a mercaptan removing agent water solution for removing mercaptan out of the liquefied petroleum gas; separating the liquefied petroleum gas from the mercaptan removing agent water solution, and washing with water and then recycling; stripping the mercaptan removing agent water solution with the mercaptan absorbed from the liquefied petroleum gas in a stripping tower for removing the mercaptan to realize regeneration and recycling.The method
Prior to the 19th century, petroleum was known and utilized in various fashions in Babylon, Egypt, China, Persia, Rome and Azerbaijan. However, the modern history of the petroleum industry is said to have begun in 1846 when Abraham Gessner of Nova Scotia, Canada discovered how to produce kerosene from coal. Shortly thereafter, in 1854, Ignacy Lukasiewicz began producing kerosene from hand-dug oil wells near the town of Krosno, now in Poland. The first large petroleum refinery was built in Ploesti, Romania in 1856 using the abundant oil available in Romania.[4][5] In North America, the first oil well was drilled in 1858 by James Miller Williams in Ontario, Canada. In the United States, the petroleum industry began in 1859 when Edwin Drake found oil near Titusville, Pennsylvania. The industry grew slowly in the 1800s, primarily producing kerosene for oil lamps. In the early 1900s, the introduction of the internal combustion engine and its use in automobiles created a market for gasoline that was ...
Notes: Imports at the PAD District level represent the PAD District in which the material entered the U.S. and not necessarily where the crude oil or product is processed and/or consumed. Adjustments include an adjustment for crude oil, previously referred to as Unaccounted For Crude Oil. Also included is an adjustment for motor gasoline blending components, fuel ethanol, and distillate fuel oil. A negative stock change indicates a decrease in stocks and a positive number indicates an increase in stocks. Stock change for crude oil excludes lease stocks beginning with January 2005 (see explanatory notes). Total stocks do not include stocks located in the Northeast Heating Oil Reserve, Northeast Regional Refined Petroleum Product Reserve, and State of New Yorks Strategic Fuels Reserve. Total residual fuel oil stocks include stocks held at pipelines. Residual fuel oil stocks by sulfur content exclude pipeline stocks. Therefore, the sum of residual fuel oil stocks by sulfur content may not equal ...
Notes: Imports at the PAD District level represent the PAD District in which the material entered the U.S. and not necessarily where the crude oil or product is processed and/or consumed. Adjustments include an adjustment for crude oil, previously referred to as Unaccounted For Crude Oil. Also included is an adjustment for motor gasoline blending components, fuel ethanol, and distillate fuel oil. A negative stock change indicates a decrease in stocks and a positive number indicates an increase in stocks. Stock change for crude oil excludes lease stocks beginning with January 2005 (see explanatory notes). Total stocks do not include stocks located in the Northeast Heating Oil Reserve, Northeast Regional Refined Petroleum Product Reserve, and State of New Yorks Strategic Fuels Reserve. Total residual fuel oil stocks include stocks held at pipelines. Residual fuel oil stocks by sulfur content exclude pipeline stocks. Therefore, the sum of residual fuel oil stocks by sulfur content may not equal ...
Paraffin is an alkane hydrocarbon with the general formulation (CnH2n+2). Paraffin or paraffinic petroleum derivatives embody paraffin oils and paraffin wax. Paraffin wax consists of alkane mixture the place chain size ranges from 20 n 40 vary. The hydrocarbon chains are present in each straight and branched forms. Paraffin wax is stable at room temperature and begins to enter the liquid phase previous approximately 37 °C (ninety nine °F). Paraffin oil, like mineral oil, is a by-product from the petroleum distillation process. Paraffin based merchandise are comparatively non-reactive and have excellent oxidation stability. Paraffinic oils have comparatively excessive wax content, excessive pour point, and typically a excessive viscosity index (VI).. The source of crude oil often dictates is functional use because the mixture may include a bigger portion of hydrocarbon that suit a selected want. Gas and non-gas products are separated or refined by means of the use of midstream processes ...
Aquatech, a global water and wastewater technology provider for the industrial and infrastructure markets, has been awarded a contract to design and supply a multiple effect distillation (MED) seawater desalination system for Orpics Sohar Refinery Improvement Project in Oman. Orpic (Oman Oil Refineries and Petroleum Industries Company) specified MED technology … Read more ». ...
Oil Flow Rate Estimation for High GOR Producers Using Artificial Intelligence Techniques. Masters thesis, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals. PASSIVE SEISMIC EVENT DETECTION IN THE GRONINGEN AREA USING DEEP LEARNING. Masters thesis, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals. FUNCTIONALIZED POLYMER-BASED MATERIALS AS SCALE AND CORROSION INHIBITORS. Masters thesis, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals. Sand Consolidation by Catalyzed Low-Temperature Oxidation. Masters thesis, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals. IMPROVING HYDROCARBON SATURATION ASSESSMENT IN LOW RESISTIVITY BEDS USING HIGH-RESOLUTION IMAGE LOGS AND CORE MEASUREMENTS. Masters thesis, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals. MITIGATION OF CO2 GRAVITY OVERRIDE BY SOLVENT BLENDING. Masters thesis, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals. DEVELOPMENT OF CHEMOSTRATIGRAPHY AND CHEMO-MECHANICAL FACIES FRAMEWORK IN KHUFF, UNAYZAH AND QUSAIBA FORMATIONS, KSA. PhD thesis, King Fahd ...
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2004-10-20. (Jacksonville, Fla.; October 20, 2004) To better serve local apparel makers and their suppliers of materials requiring free zone status, Crowley Logistics Apparel Transportation subsidiary is opening a distribution center October 22, inside the El Naranjo Free Zone at Zona 4 Mixco in Guatemala.. Services provided at the 13,000-square-foot facility will include shipment consolidation/deconsolidation, inventory control, storage and local and regional distribution services. This center will be an addition to the existing warehouse and distribution work the company does from its Crowley Logistics de Guatemala facilities in Zona 12, Guatemala City.. We expect the initial customer base to be existing customers who have used our distribution centers in Honduras, El Salvador and South Florida, said Leo del Calvo, General Manager, Apparel Transportation. Now our customers will be able to utilize us for their distribution within Guatemala as well.. By operating within a free zone, faster and ...
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Offshore staff. STELLARTON, Nova Scotia - Canadas Ministry of Natural Resources and Nova Scotias Ministry of Energy have appointed Roderick K. MacLeod to chair the Canada-Nova Scotia Offshore Petroleum Board. He will serve part-time for six years starting Aug. 17.. MacLeod had served for seven years as president and CEO and chairman of the board of Sproule, a Calgary-based company that specializes in independent geoscience, reservoir engineering, and reserve assessment and valuation ...
Petroleum naphtha is an intermediate hydrocarbon liquid stream derived from the refining of crude oil.[1][2][3] It is most usually desulfurized and then catalytically reformed, which re-arranges or re-structures the hydrocarbon molecules in the naphtha as well as breaking some of the molecules into smaller molecules to produce a high-octane component of gasoline (or petrol). There are quite literally hundreds of different petroleum crude oil sources worldwide and each crude oil has its own unique composition or assay. There are also hundreds of petroleum refineries worldwide and each of them is designed to process either a specific crude oil or specific types of crude oils. That means that it is virtually impossible to provide a definitive, single definition of the word naphtha since each refinery produces its own naphthas with their own unique initial and final boiling points and other physical and compositional characteristics. In other words, naphtha is a generic term rather than a specific ...
The petroleum industry in Ohio dates from 1859. Ohio continues to produce significant quantities of oil and gas, having produced more than 1 billion barrels of oil and 9 trillion cubic feet of natural gas since 1860. Unconventional resources, primarily in eastern Ohio, are likely to increase production in Ohio. In late 1859, blacksmith William Jeffrey drilled the first well in Ohio specifically intended to produce petroleum. This well is located in Mecca Township, Trumbull County, northeast of Warren. In 1860, similar activity occurred in Macksburg. Oil production climbed year after year, especially after major oil and gas reserves were found in Wood County in northwest Ohio in the 1880s. From Toledo to Lima and into Indiana, the Bowling Green Fault fractured the Trenton Formation limestone, in which hydrocarbons were trapped by overlying rock. In 1891, the likely first overwater drilling operations in the world occurred in Grand Lake, where more than 100 wells were drilled in less than 10 ...
ABSTRACT: The Commensurability of Environmental Geology and Petroleum Geology. Ralph J. Argen. Environmental geology and petroleum geology are practical applications of pure geology. These two applied sciences differ with respect to their philosophical and ethical mandates. A good petroleum geologist finds hydrocarbons, but the role of a good environmental geologist is not well defined. If the good environmental geologists role is not simply to protect the environment from the good petroleum geologist, then how do the mandates of these geologists differ, yet remain compatible?. If the mandate of a good environmental geologist were to protect every natural resource from all managed use, then the good environmental geologist and the good petroleum geologist would forever be at war. This mandate provides no framework for agreement because it assumes the inherent worth of each natural resource is discoverable.. If the mandate of a good environmental geologist is to discover how to maximize the ...
persiaparaffin2020-05-19T08:06:41+00:00. Iran Petroleum Jelly , Iran Vaseline Petroleum jelly, uses in wide range of daily routine life. We are explaining some of this application and benefits by following paragraphs. Petroleum Jelly for Heal wounds Petroleum jelly can be helpful to treat minor wounds like scratches, cuts and flakes. benefits of petroleum jelly This is because moisture is important to speed up the.... ...
Business Directory for Petroleum Coke Suppliers in Bhopal - Get contact details of Petroleum Coke Manufacturers, Wholesale Petroleum Coke Exporters, Best Petroleum Coke Traders & Distributors Across the Bhopal.
Petroleum Equipment Suppliers Association. TRADE ORGANIZATION. The Petroleum Equipment Suppliers Association comprises equipment manufacturers, wellsite service companies and supply companies serving the drilling and production segments of the petroleum industry. Founded in 1933 as the American Petroleum Equipment Suppliers Association, its role then was to assist the federal government in preparing a fair practice code for the oilfield equipment industry. Organization changed to present name in 1938.. Official Website: ...
Florida and Alabama petroleum, fuel, and chemical testing and inspection services.. Intertek laboratories in Alabama and Florida test crude oil, petroleum products, fuel, and chemicals to ASTM and other standards. In addition, experienced Intertek personnel inspects bulk petroleum and chemical cargo and inventories to support client commercial operations.. Florida and Alabama petroleum, fuel, and chemical testing:. ...
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Fuel oil is a fraction obtained from petroleum distillation, either as a distillate or a residue. Broadly speaking, fuel oil is any liquid petroleum product that is burned in a furnace or boiler for the generation of heat or used in an engine for the generation of power, except oils having a flash point of approximately 40 °C (104 °F) and oils burned in cotton or wool-wick
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See where Total Petroleum ranks among the best Convenience Stores in Colorado Springs, CO. Total Petroleum, 8105 N Academy Blvd, 719-264-0991.
Hydrocarbon containing compounds like diesel, crude oil and petrol cause environmental pollution. Hydrocarbon contaminated sites contain large amount of microbial community adapted for utilizing these compound as a source of carbon and other metabolic activities. A study was conducted in order to isolate the micro-organism from hydrocarbon contaminated sites for petroleum degradation. The soil sample was collected from the bus terminal of Punjab University, Lahore. The isolate (Micrococcus sp.) was characterized microbiologically by using microbiological techniques such as staining and biochemical testing based on Bergey’s manual. Isolated organism has an ability to degrade the petrol as well as paraffin wax as a sole carbon source. This ability shows clear evidence that genome of this isolate harbors gene for degradation. By combined both properties, we can reduce petroleum product from hydrocarbon impacted environment.   Key words: Petrol degradation, paraffin wax, biochemical
Petroleum[edit]. Standard Oil was an American oil producing, transporting, refining, and marketing company. Established in 1870 ...
Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG)[edit]. Main article: Liquefied petroleum gas. LP gas is a mixture of propane and butane, both of ... Non-petroleum fossil fuels[edit]. Main article: Synthetic fuel. When petroleum is not easily available, chemical processes such ... Main article: Petroleum. Most liquid fuels used currently are produced from petroleum. The most notable of these is gasoline. ... To create gasoline, petroleum must first be removed from crude oil. Liquid gasoline itself is not actually burned, but its ...
Petroleum and natural gas[edit]. For the offshore oil and gas industry, operational risk management is regulated by the safety ...
American Association of Petroleum Geologists[edit]. As of June 2007, the American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG) ... The last national or international scientific body to drop dissent was the American Association of Petroleum Geologists,[23] ... Since 2007, when the American Association of Petroleum Geologists released a revised statement,[24] no national or ... "Petroleum Geologists' Award to Novelist Crichton Is Inappropriate" (PDF). Eos. 87 (36): 364. Bibcode:2006EOSTr..87..364B. doi ...
Bi-fuel vehicle: Liquified petroleum gas and natural gas are very different from petroleum or diesel and cannot be used in the ... A series hybrid electric-petroleum bicycle (SHEPB) is powered by pedals, batteries, a petrol generator, or plug-in charger - ... A petroleum-electric hybrid most commonly uses internal combustion engines (using a variety of fuels, generally gasoline or ... There are many types of petroleum-electric hybrid drivetrains, from Full hybrid to Mild hybrid, which offer varying advantages ...
Conflict with government and multi-national petroleum companies[edit]. In the early 21st century, the Argentine oil company CGC ... The Sarayaku protested and resisted CGC activities, as they believed that petroleum development would threaten the fragile ... moved into Sarayaku territory to conduct seismic surveys in search of petroleum. The Ecuadorian government has been eager to ...
Main article: Petroleum geology. Petroleum geologists study the locations of the subsurface of the Earth that can contain ... Selley, Richard C. (1998). Elements of petroleum geology. San Diego: Academic Press. ISBN 978-0-12-636370-8. .. ... Economic geologists help locate and manage the Earth's natural resources, such as petroleum and coal, as well as mineral ... Tulsa, OK: American Association of Petroleum Geologists. ISBN 978-0-89181-033-9. .. ...
Petroleum, environmental, and heat concerns[edit]. Because of concerns over Peak oil, pollution and climate change, as well the ... After five years, he reports the driveway is performing as well or better than petroleum-based materials.[citation needed] ... Non-petroleum based bitumen binders can be colored, which can reduce the temperatures of road surfaces and reduce the Urban ... Research is being conducted on the asphalt mixture, derived from plants and trees to replace petroleum-based mixes.[9] ...
In 2001, São Tomé and Nigeria reached agreement on joint exploration for petroleum in waters claimed by the two countries of ... São Tomé has received more than $2 million from the bank to develop its petroleum sector.[21] ...
Petroleum & petrochemical[edit]. Epoxies can be used to plug selective layers in a reservoir which are producing excessive ... The raw materials for epoxy resin production are today largely petroleum derived, although some plant derived sources are now ...
Mitigation of effects of petroleum shortages[edit]. M. King Hubbert's prediction of world petroleum production rates. Modern ... In the event of a petroleum shortage (see peak oil for global concerns), organic agriculture can be more attractive than ... with shortages of conventional petroleum-based inputs, Cuba made use of mostly organic practices, including biopesticides, ... conventional practices that use petroleum-based pesticides, herbicides, or fertilizers. Some studies using modern organic- ...
Petroleum. While the Arab world had been of limited interest to the European colonial powers, the British Empire being mostly ... coupled with the vastly increased demand for petroleum in the west as a result of the Second Industrial Revolution. ... are among the top ten petroleum or gas exporters worldwide. In Africa, Algeria (10th world) and Libya are important gas ... the economic and geopolitical situation changed dramatically after the discovery of large petroleum deposits in the 1930s, ...
Petroleum exploration. The largest present-day use of nonradioactive caesium is in caesium formate drilling fluids for the ... Miami, Florida, USASociety of Petroleum Engineers. doi:10.2118/99068-MS. Archived from the original on 2007-10-12.. ... The principal use of nonradioactive caesium is as caesium formate in petroleum drilling fluids because it is much less toxic ...
Petroleum and natural gas[edit]. Turkey is an oil and natural gas producer, but the level of production by the state-owned TPAO ... Turkish Petroleum Corporation (TPAO): Domestic exploration Archived March 16, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. ... In 2008, 7,555 kilometres (4,694 mi) of natural gas pipelines and 3,636 kilometres (2,259 mi) of petroleum pipelines spanned ... The pipeline network in Turkey included 1,738 kilometres (1,080 mi) for crude oil, 2,321 kilometres (1,442 mi) for petroleum ...
Petroleum- and insect-derived resins[edit]. Shellac and lacquer are examples of insect-derived resins. ... Asphaltite and Utah resin are petroleum bitumens, not a product secreted by plants, although it was ultimately derived from ...
In the petroleum industry[edit]. 2-Butoxyethanol is commonly produced for the oil industry because of its surfactant properties ... In the petroleum industry, 2-butoxyethanol is a component of fracturing fluids, drilling stabilizers, and oil slick dispersants ...
"Total Petroleum Production 2014". United States Energy Information Administration. Retrieved 24 January 2015.. ... Petroleum and natural resources[edit]. See also: Energy policy of Venezuela. .mw-parser-output .tmulti .thumbinner{display:flex ... Oil production and net petroleum exports. Reductions in exports raised oil prices, assisting Chávez's policies.. Source: EIA[11 ... the Venezuelan 2006 budget would get more income from taxation than from the petroleum industry, unlike formerly.[21] ...
A petroleum reservoir or oil and gas reservoir is a subsurface pool of hydrocarbons contained in porous or fractured rock ... Petroleum reservoirs are broadly classified as conventional and unconventional reservoirs. In case of conventional reservoirs, ... A land area with an abundance of oil wells extracting petroleum (crude oil) from below ground. Because the oil reservoirs ... The term "oilfield" is also used as a shorthand to refer to the entire petroleum industry. However, it is more accurate to ...
... is also soluble in lower-molecular-weight oils. Using an oil to dissolve the petroleum jelly first can render ... Petroleum jelly is a useful material when incorporated into candle wax formulas. The petroleum jelly softens the overall blend ... Vaseline brand First Aid Petroleum Jelly, or carbolated petroleum jelly containing phenol to give the jelly additional ... Petroleum jelly, petrolatum, white petrolatum, soft paraffin/paraffin wax or multi-hydrocarbon, CAS number 8009-03-8, is a semi ...
Petroleum industry[edit]. Sodium bromide is used to prepare dense fluids used in oil wells. ...
... in petroleum engineering[edit]. Another derivation of Darcy's law is used extensively in petroleum engineering to ... American Petroleum Institute. pp. 200-213.. *^ Brinkman, H. C. (1949). "A calculation of the viscous force exerted by a flowing ... The petroleum industry is therefore using a generalized Darcy equation for multiphase flow that was developed by Muskat et ... oil and gas in the porous medium of a petroleum reservoir. The generalized multiphase flow equations by Muskat and others ...
Petroleum Chemicals Basic Feedstock. Benzene. Butadiene. Ethylene. p-Xylene. Propylene Intermediates. 2-Ethylhexanol (2-EH). ... are the chemical products obtained from petroleum by refining. Some chemical compounds made from petroleum are also obtained ... Petroleum refining Adhesives and sealants. Agrochemicals. Construction chemicals. Corrosion control chemicals. Cosmetics raw ... Aromatics includes Benzene, toluene and xylenes, as a whole referred to as BTX and primarily obtained from petroleum refineries ...
In 2004 the project was revived after the UNDP's report Peace and Prosperity Gas Pipelines by Pakistani petroleum engineer, ... On 10-November-2013, a meeting between Pakistan Federal Minister for Petroleum and Natural Resources Shahid Khaqan Abbasi and ... On 29 March it was reported that officials from Pakistan's petroleum ministry would travel to Russia in early April for talks ... On 27 May 2013, Iranian deputy minister for petroleum, A. Khaledi, in a letter to the Pakistan government expressed concern ...
Ministry of Petroleum. *Oil Stabilization Fund and National Development Fund. *Privatization *AzarAb ...
Petroleum. Use. (barrel) Toyota Prius Eco (4th gen)[33]. 2016. 58. 53. 158. 7/8*. 6.6 ...
Petroleum. Services. Gas Pipeline Transport. Website. www. .iteragroup. .com. ITERA International Group of Companies controlled ...
For an equivalent amount of heat, burning natural gas produces about 30 percent less carbon dioxide than burning petroleum and ... Low availability of EPC contractors as result of extraordinary high level of ongoing petroleum projects worldwide.[16] ... The gas stream is typically separated into the Liquefied Petroleum fractions (butane and propane), which can be stored in ... following the signing of an agreement in May 2014 between Qatar Liquefied Gas Company and Kuwait Petroleum Corp.[13] LNG is ...
Petroleum classification. References[edit]. *^ "The Role of WTI as a Crude Oil Benchmark" (PDF). Purvin & Gertz Inc. p. 24.. . ... Energy Information Administration, Rail delivery of US Petroleum, 10 July 2013. *^ US Energy Information Administration, Price ... Under the previous US Emergency Petroleum Allocation Act of 1973, WTI crude oil traded under a variety of spot prices split ... Marius Vassiliou (2009). Historical Dictionary of the Petroleum Industry. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press. ISBN 0-8108-5993-9. ...
The biorefinery concept is analogous to today's petroleum refinery, which produce multiple fuels and products from petroleum.[ ... Petroleum substitute. Pyrolysis oil, sometimes also known as bio-crude or bio-oil, is a synthetic fuel under investigation as ... Pitch can be natural or manufactured, derived from petroleum, coal tar[16] or plants. ... replacements for petroleum-based fuels.[20][21] Algaculture can use waste materials such as sewage[22] and without displacing ...
Imperial Petroleum. Notes[edit]. *^ a b c d e f g h Omidvarborna; et al. "Characterization of particulate matter emitted from ... Life Cycle Inventory of Biodiesel and Petroleum Diesel for Use in an Urban Bus, 1998, Sheehan, et al. NREL (314pp pdf file) ... An Overview of Biodiesel and Petroleum Diesel Lifecycles, May 1998, Sheehan, et al. NREL (60pp pdf file) ... Metered pump mixing, petroleum diesel and biodiesel meters are set to X total volume, transfer pump pulls from two points and ...
The Chemistry of Petroleum Products The term petroleum comes from the Latin stems petra, rock, and oleum, oil. It is used ... Petroleum products are used to produce synthetic fibers such as nylon, orlon, and dacron, and other polymers such as ... At the present rate of consumption, we might exhaust the worlds supply of petroleum by the 200th anniversary of the first oil ... A typical set of petroleum fractions is given in the table below. Since there are a number of factors that influence the ...
A petroleum reservoir or oil and gas reservoir is a subsurface pool of hydrocarbons contained in porous or fractured rock ... Petroleum reservoirs are broadly classified as conventional and unconventional reservoirs. In case of conventional reservoirs, ... A land area with an abundance of oil wells extracting petroleum (crude oil) from below ground. Because the oil reservoirs ... The term "oilfield" is also used as a shorthand to refer to the entire petroleum industry. However, it is more accurate to ...
Petroleum jelly is also soluble in lower-molecular-weight oils. Using an oil to dissolve the petroleum jelly first can render ... Petroleum jelly is a useful material when incorporated into candle wax formulas. The petroleum jelly softens the overall blend ... Vaseline brand First Aid Petroleum Jelly, or carbolated petroleum jelly containing phenol to give the jelly additional ... Petroleum jelly, petrolatum, white petrolatum, soft paraffin/paraffin wax or multi-hydrocarbon, CAS number 8009-03-8, is a semi ...
Industry profile for Petroleum Engineers. Geographic profile for Petroleum Engineers. National estimates for Petroleum ... Industry profile for Petroleum Engineers: Top. Industries with the highest published employment and wages for Petroleum ... Petroleum and Coal Products Manufacturing 1,910. 1.76. $ 67.66. $ 140,730. Pipeline Transportation of Natural Gas 490. 1.60. $ ... Top paying states for Petroleum Engineers: State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean ...
This include some history of the petroleum industry. Industry statist… ... 4.  Petroleum, along with oil and coal, is classified as a fossil fuel, therefore petroleum is considered to be a non- ... Petroleum industry * 1. Petroleum Industry Agcaoili, Alexandrine Roxanne Cruz, Ana Margarita Magallano, May Uzielle ... Industry Statistics • Local Exports of Petroleum Exports of Crude Oil (Thousand Barrels Per Day) Exports of Refined Petroleum ...
Humans rely on petroleum for many goods and services, but it has a large and negative impact on the environment. ... Petroleum is a fluid found in the earth that can be refined into fuel and plastic. ... What Is Petroleum? Petroleum is a naturally occurring liquid found beneath the earths surface that can be refined into fuel. ... Disadvantages of Petroleum Petroleums are a part of our everyday lives. However, the extraction process and the byproducts of ...
Petroleum Legislation, Volume 2. Petroleum Legislation, Petroleum Legislation. Contributor. Petroleum Legislation (Firm : New ... payable payment period permit area permittee Pertamina Petroleum Exploration petroleum law Petroleum Legislation Petroleum ... Petroleum Legislation - Petroleum law and legislation. 0 Reviewshttps://books.google.com/books/about/Petroleum_Legislation.html ... Petroleum legislation, Volume 1. Petroleum Legislation (Firm : New York, N.Y.). Snippet view - 1964. ...
Par Petroleum/Mid Pac Petroleum, In the Matter of Texas-based energy company Par Petroleum Corporation agreed to terminate its ... FTC Puts Conditions on Par Petroleum Corporations Acquisition of Mid Pac Petroleum, LLC. ... Factors that Affect Prices of Refined Petroleum Products. This conference, a follow-up to an initial conference on this subject ... Factors that Affect Prices of Refined Petroleum Products. The FTC held an initial public conference to solicit information and ...
Petroleum reserves are the recoverable portion of hydrocarbon accumulations that exist below Earths surface in traps or ... Craft, B. C. Applied Petroleum Reservoir Engineering, 2nd ed. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall, Inc., 1991. ... The identification of petroleum reserves, both foreign and domestic, is an increasingly important scientific component of ...
Scientific American is the essential guide to the most awe-inspiring advances in science and technology, explaining how they change our understanding of the world and shape our lives.
2. 2 PETROLEUM NEWS • WEEK OF JUNE 17, 2007 contents Petroleum News A weekly oil & gas newspaper based in Anchorage, Alaska ON ... OWNER: Petroleum Newspapers of Alaska LLC (PNA) Petroleum News (ISSN 1544-3612) • Vol. 12, No. 24 • Week of June 17, 2007 ... Petroleum News and its supple- Judy Patrick Photography CONTRACT PHOTOGRAPHER ment, Petroleum Directory, are Asked if progress ... 6. 6 PETROLEUM NEWS • WEEK OF JUNE 17, 2007 ● E X P L O R A T I O N & P R O D U C T I O N Future is unconventional Oil sands ...
Petroleum products are products derived from crude oil (e.g. when processed in oil refineries). This products category includes ... Retrieved from "https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/statistics-explained/index.php?title=Glossary:Petroleum_products&oldid=400738" ...
... especially the various grades of petroleum benzin (commonly known as petroleum ether, commercial hexane, or heptane). In large- ... In the United States and increasingly in Europe, there are many instances of simple petroleum benzin extraction… ... Other articles where Petroleum benzin is discussed: fat and oil processing: Processes: … ... especially the various grades of petroleum benzin (commonly known as petroleum ether, commercial hexane, or heptane). In large- ...
Petroleum is a naturally occurring hydrocarbon material that is believed to have formed from animal and... ... petroleum production: Recovery of crude oil and, often, associated natural gas from the Earth. ... Petroleum production, recovery of crude oil and, often, associated natural gas from the Earth. ... Petroleum is a naturally occurring hydrocarbon material that is believed to have formed from animal and vegetable debris in ...
Ultra Petroleum is an equal opportunity employer, committed to recruiting, hiring and promoting qualified people of all ... Ultra Petroleum strongly believes that outstanding efforts from its individual employees translate into outstanding results for ... The services of a third party service provider, Lighthouse Services, have been contracted by Ultra Petroleum. Reports may be ... The highest standards are demanded in ethical behavior from all of Ultra Petroleums stakeholders, including its Board of ...
... and processing of petroleum. Petroleum engineers recommend the best location for drilling a well, determine if the well ... Petroleum engineers are involved in the exploration and development of oil and gas fields. They apply the principles of geology ... For over 50 years, the University of Alberta has offered the only accredited BSc Petroleum Engineering degree program in Canada ...
... publishes the latest research on Russian innovations in the field. Articles discuss ... Chemical and Petroleum Engineering. Editor-in-Chief: Boris V. Gusev. ISSN: 0009-2355 (print version). ISSN: 1573-8329 ( ... Chemical and Petroleum Engineering is a translation of the Russian journal Khimicheskoe i Neftegazovoe Mashinostroenie.. The ... Chemical and Petroleum Engineering publishes the latest research on Russian innovations in the field. Articles discuss ...
High capacity petroleum sorbent pads have a scrim on one side to increase strength and help eliminate linting. Conveniently ... High capacity petroleum sorbent pads have a scrim on one side to increase strength and help eliminate linting. Conveniently ... 3M™ Petroleum Sorbent Pad. 3M Product Number HP-157, 3M ID 70070408557, UPC 00051138291167 ...
It involves replacing petroleum with hydrogen fuels and biofuels made from nonfood sources, and producing electricity from wind ... And so Big Oil is drilling deeper and finding ways to convert unconventional oil -- petroleum extracted by means other than ... In addition to BPs Beyond petroleum slogan, theres Chevrons Finding newer, cleaner ways to power the world, Shells ...
This title is also available as an eBook. You can pay for Springer eBooks with Visa, Mastercard, American Express or Paypal. After the purchase you can directly download the eBook file or read it online. Via MySpringer you can always re-download your eBooks ...
Back in the dark ages, when your faithful mutt begged for a bone, there were plenty lying around from dinner. Now, since we can get chicken breasts and tofu at the store, there arent many bones for Fido. As substitutes, we use PVC squeaky toys and
Phillips Petroleum Company Phillips BuildingBartlesville, Oklahoma [1] 74004U.S.A.Telephone: (918) 661-6600Fax: (918) 661- ... "Phillips Aims at Built-in Value, " Business Week, June 27, 1959; "Phillips Petroleum: Laying the Groundwork," Forbes, ... Liberia); Phillips Petroleum Resources, Ltd.; Phillips Petroleum Timor Sea Inc.; Phillips Petroleum Timor Sea Pty Ltd ( ... Phillips Petroleum Company, 1983; Wallis, Michael, Oil Man-The Story of Frank Phillips and the Birth of Phillips Petroleum, ...
Surging demand for natural gas fired up the share price of Australias Woodside Petroleum to record levels in recent weeks, and ... Woodside Petroleum Heats Up. Demand for Natural Gas Fuels Jump In Australian Firms Shares. ... Surging demand for natural gas fired up the share price of Australias Woodside Petroleum to record levels in recent weeks, and ...
Guidance Occidental Petroleum hasnt issued any earnings guidance for the time being. View more earnings on OXY Occidental ... Company Profile Occidental Petroleum is an independent exploration and production company with operations in the United States ... Occidental Petroleum© 2021 Benzinga.com. Benzinga does not provide investment advice. All rights reserved. ... Petroleum hasnt issued any revenue guidance for the time being. Technicals 52-week high: $43.60 Companys 52-week low was at $ ...
Petroleum Consumption Enormous article in Tractor and Gas Engine Review vol 11 no 05 1918.png 1,759 × 2,555; 549 KB. ... Media in category "Petroleum production". The following 150 files are in this category, out of 150 total. ... HOSES FOR TRANSFERRING OIL FROM SHIP TO SHORE ON WHARF AT THE NORTH EAST PETROLEUM TANKER TERMINAL AT TIVERTON. THIS... - NARA ... Treadwheel in old petroleum mine in Kryg.JPG 857 × 1,143; 416 KB. ...
Media in category "Petroleum pipelines". The following 32 files are in this category, out of 32 total. ... PETROLEUM PIPELINE. THE WOODBRIDGE COMMUNITY STRONGLY OBJECTED TO HAVING... - NARA - 552005.jpg 3,000 × 1,970; 972 KB. ... PETROLEUM PIPELINE. THE WOODBRIDGE COMMUNITY STRONGLY OBJECTED TO HAVING... - NARA - 552006.jpg 3,000 × 2,039; 781 KB. ... Forest path with underground petroleum pipeline Družba in Czech Republic.jpg 3,888 × 2,592; 4.95 MB. ...
Anadarko Petroleum. Rank: 233 (Previous rank: 314). Get quote: APC. Financials: Latest quarterly results. CEO: James T. Hackett ...
Petroleum engineers apply scientific principles to the challenge of drilling wells into underground formations, and to provide ... Petroleum engineering encompasses skills from a broad array of scientific disciplines, including geology and chemical, civil, ... Working in the upstream sector of the oil and natural gas industry, petroleum engineers are responsible for the technical and ... On their work terms, Petroleum Engineering co-op students can contribute to / perform the following tasks:. *Reservoir ...
... a wholly owned subsidiary of Hellenic Petroleum S.A (the Company). ... The EBRD subscribed the amount of EUR 28.3 million to the EUR 74.5 million senior unsecured notes issued by Hellenic Petroleum ... HELLENIC PETROLEUM FINANCE PLC. Guarantor: Hellenic Petroleum S.A.. The Company is a diversified energy group, active in Greece ... The EBRD subscribed the amount of EUR 28.3 million to the EUR 74.5 million senior unsecured notes issued by Hellenic Petroleum ...
Good governance of the petroleum sector. The difficulties faced by developing countries in managing oil revenues efficiently ... Americas lead in adopting tough financial disclosure rules aimed at combating corruption in overseas mining and petroleum ... of economic liberalisation and pressure from evolving international standards have placed the governance of the petroleum ...
  • A petroleum reservoir or oil and gas reservoir is a subsurface pool of hydrocarbons contained in porous or fractured rock formations . (wikipedia.org)
  • Petroleum jelly , petrolatum , white petrolatum , soft paraffin / paraffin wax or multi-hydrocarbon , CAS number 8009-03-8, is a semi-solid mixture of hydrocarbons (with carbon numbers mainly higher than 25), [1] originally promoted as a topical ointment for its healing properties. (wikipedia.org)
  • Petroleum is formed by hydrocarbons with the addition of certain other substances, primarily sulphur. (slideshare.net)
  • 8. Introduction  Petroleum formation occurs by various hydrocarbons combining with certain minerals such as sulphur under extreme pressure. (slideshare.net)
  • Petroleum contains hydrocarbons of different molecular weights. (investopedia.com)
  • Petroleum engineers recommend the best location for drilling a well, determine if the well contains significant quantities of hydrocarbons that can be recovered economically, and make decisions regarding appropriate well completion techniques. (ualberta.ca)
  • This fact sheet answers the most frequently asked health questions about total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPH). (cdc.gov)
  • Total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPH) is a term used to describe a large family of several hundred chemical compounds that originally come from crude oil. (cdc.gov)
  • Scientists divide TPH into groups of petroleum hydrocarbons that act alike in soil or water. (cdc.gov)
  • What happens to total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPH) when they enter the environment? (cdc.gov)
  • How might I be exposed to total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPH)? (cdc.gov)
  • How can total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPH) affect my health? (cdc.gov)
  • How likely are total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPH) to cause cancer? (cdc.gov)
  • Is there a medical test to show whether I've been exposed to total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPH)? (cdc.gov)
  • Petroleum is composed of hydrocarbons (hydrogen and carbon) and may exists as crude oil, natural gas or condensates. (ipl.org)
  • 1999. Toxicological profile for Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons (TPH). (cdc.gov)
  • This conference, a follow-up to an initial conference on this subject in August 2001, sought to elicit information and views on major factors that affect the price of refined petroleum products and the relative importance of each. (ftc.gov)
  • The FTC held an initial public conference to solicit information and views relevant to the major factors affecting the prices of refined petroleum products in the United States, along with the relative importance of such factors. (ftc.gov)
  • Refined petroleum products - exports is the country's total exports of refined petroleum products, in barrels per day (bbl/day). (cia.gov)
  • B. Application/Market  Petroleum products include transportation fuels, fuel oils for heating and electricity generation, asphalt and road oil, and the feedstocks used to make chemicals, plastics, and synthetic materials found in nearly everything we use today. (slideshare.net)
  • Vehicles that drive on highways are made of materials derived from petroleum and run on fuels that are derived from petroleum. (investopedia.com)
  • And so Big Oil is drilling deeper and finding ways to convert unconventional oil -- petroleum extracted by means other than traditional wells, from sources such as oil sands, coal and oil shale -- into gasoline, diesel and jet fuels. (washingtonpost.com)
  • It involves replacing petroleum with hydrogen fuels and biofuels made from nonfood sources, and producing electricity from wind, solar, biomass and other renewable energy sources. (washingtonpost.com)
  • Its range of activities includes refining and trading of petroleum products, fuels marketing, petrochemicals, power generation and trading and renewable energy sources. (ebrd.com)
  • Under the theme " Collaboration for a Sustainable Future", the Forum provided up-to-date information on the fuels and lubricants issues facing Automotive Manufacturers and the Petroleum Industry. (api.org)
  • LS9, Inc., the Renewable Petroleum Company™, is a privately-held industrial biotechnology company pursuing the commercial development of renewable fuels and chemicals. (prweb.com)
  • This paper examines the main channels through which reductions in U.S. oil consumption might take place: (a) increased fuel economy of existing vehicles, (b) increased use of non-petroleum-based low-carbon fuels, (c) alternatives to the internal combustion engine, and (d) reduced vehicles miles travelled. (repec.org)
  • Most significantly, extraction, refining and burning of petroleum fuels all release large quantities of greenhouse gases, so petroleum is one of the major contributors to climate change. (wikipedia.org)
  • The level of inventories helps determine prices for petroleum products. (cmegroup.com)
  • On the other hand, the EPP model leads to lower prices for petroleum products, which automatically mean lower under-recoveries and, consequently, a lower subsidy compensation burden on the government. (financialexpress.com)
  • U.S. import prices rose in December, boosted by higher prices for petroleum products, but a strong dollar kept underlying imported inflation in subdued. (foxbusiness.com)
  • As the petroleum industry matured, it faced two problems: increasing the yield of gasoline from each barrel of crude oil and decreasing the tendency of gasoline to knock when it burned. (purdue.edu)
  • About 75% of the 6.79 billion barrels of petroleum that we used in 2012 were gasoline, heating oil/diesel fuel, and jet fuel. (slideshare.net)
  • An oil refinery is an industrial plant that refines crude oil into petroleum products such as diesel, gasoline and heating oils. (investopedia.com)
  • Texas-based energy company Par Petroleum Corporation will terminate its storage and throughput rights at a key gasoline terminal in Hawaii, to settle Federal Trade Commission charges that Par's proposed $107 million acquisition of Koko'oha Investments, Inc.'s wholly-owned subsidiary Mid Pac. (ftc.gov)
  • If inventories are low, this will lead to increases in crude oil prices - or price increases for a wide variety of petroleum products such as gasoline or heating oil. (cmegroup.com)
  • 1. BACKGROUND OF BRITISH PETROLEUM (BP) Formerly known as British Petroleum, BP is one of the world's major energy, petroleum and gasoline company in its industry. (ipl.org)
  • In the past month, Lukoil also broke new ground by buying a controlling interest in the Getty Petroleum Marketing company, which operates 1,300 gasoline stations in the United States. (rferl.org)
  • The petroleum industries extract raw resources from the ground and ultimately provide consumers with natural gas heat and products such as gasoline, diesel and jet fuel, kerosene, heating fuel, plastics and fertilizers. (thecanadianencyclopedia.com)
  • This paper analyzes factors that affect the exit and expansion of U.S. petroleum refineries using plant-level capacity data from 1947 to 2013. (ftc.gov)
  • Petroleum products are products derived from crude oil (e.g. when processed in oil refineries). (europa.eu)
  • EPA's national Petroleum Refinery Initiative addresses air emissions from the Nation's petroleum refineries. (epa.gov)
  • Discover the business value of IBM® Petroleum Solutions for ProSource. (ibm.com)
  • How do I purchase IBM Petroleum Solutions for ProSource? (ibm.com)
  • You can purchase IBM® Petroleum Solutions for ProSource through Schlumberger and a designated IBM Business Partner® within your geography. (ibm.com)
  • Can I purchase IBM Petroleum Solutions for ProSource through Schlumberger? (ibm.com)
  • IBM Petroleum Solutions for ProSource support is initiated through the Schlumberger customer call center and call routing is handled based on entitlement. (ibm.com)
  • How do I ensure that IBM Petroleum Solutions for ProSource meets strict security guidelines? (ibm.com)
  • IBM Petroleum Solutions for ProSource is primarily an on-premises solution that was architected with security in mind. (ibm.com)
  • Most uses of petroleum jelly exploit its lubricating and coating properties. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ancient Persian tablets indicate the medicinal and lighting uses of petroleum in the upper levels of their society. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some of the largest companies in the world are involved in the extraction and processing of petroleum, and many other companies create products that are petroleum-based, including plastics, fertilizers, automobiles, and airplanes, for example. (investopedia.com)
  • Many products created with petroleum derivatives do not biodegrade quickly, and the overuse of fertilizers has damaged water supplies. (investopedia.com)
  • By the end of the century, the growing demand for petroleum products resulted in the drilling of oil wells in other states and countries. (britannica.com)
  • The advent and the growth of automobile usage in the second decade of the 20th century created a great demand for petroleum products. (britannica.com)
  • Crude oil is used to make petroleum products, which can contaminate the environment. (cdc.gov)
  • Because there are so many different chemicals in crude oil and in other petroleum products, it is not practical to measure each one separately. (cdc.gov)
  • Working in occupations that use petroleum products. (cdc.gov)
  • Living in an area near a spill or leak of petroleum products. (cdc.gov)
  • Other products may also contain petroleum jelly. (medlineplus.gov)
  • C) results, or is likely to result, from (i) an interruption in the supply of imported petroleum products, (ii) an interruption in the supply of domestic petroleum products, or (iii) sabotage or an act of God. (energy.gov)
  • Different pricing methodologies can be adopted for calculating the under-recoveries suffered by OMCs from the sale of petroleum products (diesel, LPG and kerosene) at discounted rates. (financialexpress.com)
  • EPP represents the price which oil companies would realise on export of petroleum products, i.e. (financialexpress.com)
  • Much to the displeasure of the petroleum ministry, the finance ministry mooted a shift to an EPP model of pricing of petroleum products. (financialexpress.com)
  • LS9 is the pioneer in the commercial development of fermentation derived hydrocarbon biofuels and its patent-pending Renewable Petroleum™ products are custom engineered in the lab to address immediate market needs for clean energy alternatives to petroleum. (prweb.com)
  • A small number of large, vertically integrated companies engage in all activities, from initial petroleum exploration and production to the final retail sale of petroleum products. (thecanadianencyclopedia.com)
  • You'll supervise and manage the reception, storage, and shipping of bulk or packaged petroleum-based products. (goarmy.com)
  • The name petroleum covers both naturally occurring unprocessed crude oil and petroleum products that are made up of refined crude oil. (wikipedia.org)
  • About 225 billion barrels of oil were produced by the petroleum industry between 1859 and 1970. (purdue.edu)
  • The term "oilfield" is also used as a shorthand to refer to the entire petroleum industry . (wikipedia.org)
  • This include some history of the petroleum industry. (slideshare.net)
  • Because the majority of the world relies on petroleum for many goods and services, the petroleum industry is extremely powerful and is a major influence on world politics and the global economy. (investopedia.com)
  • In the petroleum industry, petroleum companies are divided into upstream, midstream and downstream . (investopedia.com)
  • The Federal Trade Commission maintains competition in the petroleum industry, and has invoked all the powers at its disposal - including the investigation of possible antitrust violations, the prosecution of cases, the preparation of studies, and advocacy before other government agencies - to. (ftc.gov)
  • The FTC hosted a public conference to examine two recent studies focusing on the price effects of mergers and concentration in the United States petroleum industry. (ftc.gov)
  • Working in the upstream sector of the oil and natural gas industry, petroleum engineers are responsible for the technical and economic analysis leading to the appraisal, development, and production of oil and natural gas reserves. (ualberta.ca)
  • petroleum industry controls, and general engineered systems. (collegegrad.com)
  • The new ISO 15663 Petroleum, petrochemical and natural gas industries - Life cycle costing was issued in February/March 2021 and contains requirements and guidance on how to apply life cycle costing methodologies to provide decision support for selection between alternative competing options and strengthen the industry cost management for business value creation. (standard.no)
  • Graduates and professionals in the petroleum engineering industry are hot property - enough for companies to expend their efforts poaching them from rival companies. (zdnet.com)
  • The Detroit Advisory Panel held its 40th Biennial Automotive/Petroleum Industry Forum on April 17, 2018. (api.org)
  • Boston, 29 December 2000 (RFE/RL) - The Russian petroleum industry is making a major move into Western markets with a U.S. share offering by Lukoil, but the step could raise political questions that have yet to be addressed. (rferl.org)
  • We invite you to use your deep understanding of the petroleum industry and experience with geospatial technology to become an integral part of the account team. (esri.com)
  • Texas) Petroleum and Chemical Industry Conference is currently considered a "single author. (librarything.com)
  • Texas) Petroleum and Chemical Industry Conference is composed of 1 name. (librarything.com)
  • In Canada, more than 80% of petroleum is found on Crownland , so federal and provincial governments have always had a direct interest in the industry as the owner of the resource. (thecanadianencyclopedia.com)
  • detail-oriented, Senior Engineer with facility regulatory compliance expertise in the Oil & Gas/ Petroleum and/or Railroad Industry… permits for Railroads and Oil & Gas/ Petroleum clients. (glassdoor.com)
  • Although the petroleum engineering curriculum is designed primarily for careers in the petroleum industry, it is suitable for careers in related areas such as ground water hydrology, geothermal energy, solution mining, and underground storage or disposal of fluids. (lsu.edu)
  • The department is active in obtaining summer employment in the petroleum industry for its students. (lsu.edu)
  • The current oil production and its importance for the Norwegian economy are discussed in Chapter 3 - The petroleum sector - Norway's largest industry. (regjeringen.no)
  • Industry standard textbooks authored by departmental faculty include Applied Petroleum Reservoir Engineering by Craft and Hawkins, Well Design-Drilling and Production by Craft, Holden, and Graves, Applied Drilling Engineering by Adam T. Bourgoyne, et al. (lsu.edu)
  • Furthermore, parts of the petroleum industry actively suppressed science and policy that aimed to prevent the climate crisis. (wikipedia.org)
  • This is expected to have significant economic impacts that stakeholders argue need to be anticipated by a just transition and addressing the stranded assets of the petroleum industry. (wikipedia.org)
  • Occidental Petroleum Corp., headquartered in Westwood, has announced the leadership team for its proposed subsidiary, California Resources. (latimes.com)
  • A little more than a month after filing documents to spin off its California operations, Occidental Petroleum Corp. has named the leadership team for its proposed subsidiary. (latimes.com)
  • ABRAXAS PETROLEUM CORP., San Antonio, said it would sell some of its Canadian oil and gas reserves to a Canadian royalty trust for $138 million to cut its debt. (nytimes.com)
  • ABRAXAS PETROLEUM CORP., San Antonio, sold its interests in two Texas oilfields to an investment partnership for $15.6 million in cash and a 25 percent equity stake in the partnership. (nytimes.com)
  • Despite an expected dip in profit, analysts are generally optimistic about Marathon Petroleum Corp as it prepares to reports its second quarter earnings on Thursday, August 1, 2013. (forbes.com)
  • NEW YORK (MarketWatch) -- Delta Petroleum Corp. dptr said Thursday its fourth-quarter loss grew to $30 million, or 47 cents a share, from a loss of $10.5 million, or 20 cents a share in the year-ago period. (marketwatch.com)
  • Save 24% on the Petroleum Refining in Nontechnical Language by PennWell Corp. at Translate This Blog. (translateth.is)
  • Investors in Anadarko Petroleum Corp ( NYSE: APC ) saw new options begin trading today, for the May 2014 expiration. (forbes.com)
  • Of course, a lot of upside could potentially be left on the table if APC shares really soar, which is why looking at the trailing twelve month trading history for Anadarko Petroleum Corp, as well as studying the business fundamentals becomes important. (forbes.com)
  • FieldPoint Petroleum Corp. (NYSE-MKT: FPP) said Wednesday it has hired Arkansas-based Stephens Inc. as a financial advisor to advise the company on strategic alternatives. (bizjournals.com)
  • FieldPoint Petroleum Corp. posted In August, FieldPoint said it saw a decline in net income for the second quarter to $376,537 from $719,454 during the same three months last year, and saw revenue increase to $2.29 million. (bizjournals.com)
  • It took 500 million years for the petroleum beneath the earth's crust to accumulate. (purdue.edu)
  • Petroleum is a naturally occurring liquid found beneath the earth's surface that can be refined into fuel. (investopedia.com)
  • Petroleum reserves are the recoverable portion of hydrocarbon accumulations that exist below Earth's surface in traps or reservoirs. (faqs.org)
  • In this way, petroleum deposits came to be trapped by geologic features caused by the folding, faulting, and erosion of the Earth's crust. (britannica.com)
  • Petroleum engineers design and oversee the production and methods for retrieving oil and natural gas from various depths beneath the earth's surface. (payscale.com)
  • 1 PETROLEUM Petroleum is a mixture of gaseous, liquid and solid hydrocarbon that occurs naturally beneath the earth's surface (Awake, 2003). (ipl.org)
  • Petroleum (/pəˈtroʊliəm/), also known as crude oil and oil, is a naturally occurring, yellowish-black liquid found in geological formations beneath the Earth's surface. (wikipedia.org)
  • Industries with the highest published employment and wages for Petroleum Engineers are provided. (bls.gov)
  • For a list of all industries with employment in Petroleum Engineers, see the Create Customized Tables function. (bls.gov)
  • Petroleum engineers are involved in the exploration and development of oil and gas fields. (ualberta.ca)
  • Petroleum engineers apply scientific principles to the challenge of drilling wells into underground formations, and to provide safe and efficient production of oil and natural gas reserves. (ualberta.ca)
  • Reuters has reported that petroleum engineers are some of the most sought-after in the business , with corporations signing students up before they graduate, and often resorting to poaching staff from rival businesses. (zdnet.com)
  • Petroleum engineers hunt for oil and gas reservoirs, either locked underground or waiting to be discovered thousands of feet below sea level. (zdnet.com)
  • Most petroleum engineers work for oil companies. (payscale.com)
  • Direct over Petroleum Engineers -In-Training, Petroleum Engineers , Petroleum Analysts, Petroleum Analysts Advanced, Petroleum Analyst… office, and/or managing a section of petroleum analysts. (glassdoor.com)
  • The department also strongly recommends that its students join and participate, as student members, in the Society of Petroleum Engineers and take the Fundamentals of Engineering (FE) examination during their senior year as preparation for licensure as a professional engineer. (lsu.edu)
  • Since its inception, the Craft & Hawkins Department of Petroleum Engineering has set a standard for outstanding undergraduate education, with a reputation for practical, hands-on training and history of developing engineers who are innovative and ready for practice. (lsu.edu)
  • HOUSTON--( BUSINESS WIRE )-- Occidental Petroleum Corporation (NYSE:OXY) said today that its Board of Directors has declared an increase of the company's regular quarterly dividend to $0.77 per share. (businesswire.com)
  • Occidental Petroleum Corporation is an international oil and gas exploration and production company with operations in the United States, Middle East and Latin America. (businesswire.com)
  • At the present rate of consumption, we might exhaust the world's supply of petroleum by the 200th anniversary of the first oil well. (purdue.edu)
  • The extraction and processing of petroleum, and thus, its availability, is a major driver of the world's economy and global politics. (investopedia.com)
  • In addition to BP's 'Beyond petroleum' slogan, there's Chevron's 'Finding newer, cleaner ways to power the world,' Shell's 'Let's pass energy on to the next generation' and ExxonMobil's 'Taking on the world's toughest energy challenges. (washingtonpost.com)
  • Guarantor: Hellenic Petroleum S.A. The Company is a diversified energy group, active in Greece and Southeast Europe. (ebrd.com)
  • This included a review of Hellenic Petroleum Group's ('HP Group') corporate environmental and social ('E&S') policies, which specifically focused on assessing HP Group's Renewable Energy Sources ('RES') subsidiary's E&S management systems and existing renewable energy operations. (ebrd.com)
  • ATHENS Greece and Paneuropean Oil and Industrial Holdings are in talks to divest a combined majority stake in Greece's biggest oil refiner Hellenic Petroleum , Hellenic said. (reuters.com)
  • ATHENS Greece could sell up to a 51 percent stake in its biggest oil refiner Hellenic Petroleum to meet a key condition of its international bailout, government and union officials said. (reuters.com)
  • ATHENS, Feb 22 Hellenic Petroleum, Greece's biggest oil refiner, on Thursday reported a 21 percent drop in fourth-quarter core profit due to weaker refining margins. (reuters.com)
  • Greece launched an international tender on Wednesday (18 April) to sell a majority stake in its biggest oil refiner, Hellenic Petroleum, as agreed under its third international bailout. (euractiv.com)
  • Open dissension among the members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries prompted heavy selling early in the session, but prices recovered some of the losses late in the session when the oil ministers "appeared to get down to work," said Andrew Lebow, a petroleum analyst in New York with Shearson Lehman-American Express. (latimes.com)
  • Petroleum Minister Sameh Fahmi will lead Egypt's delegation to the ministerial conference of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) that will open in Vienna on Tuesday 10/9/ 2008. (redorbit.com)
  • Data reported by the petroleum refining sector to EPA's National Emissions Inventory* shows a significant and steady decline in SO2 and NOx emissions in this sector since the first of the NPRI settlements was reached in 2000 - approximately 75% less than pre-Refinery Initiative levels (data shown is in tons per year). (epa.gov)
  • Since March 2000, the Agency has entered into 37 settlements with U.S. companies that refine over 95 percent of the Nation's petroleum refining capacity. (epa.gov)
  • The use of petroleum in ancient China dates back to more than 2000 years ago. (wikipedia.org)
  • Current days of import protection in SPR - At the current level of 695 million barrels, the SPR holds the equivalent of 143 days of import protection (based on 2016 net petroleum imports). (energy.gov)
  • During the energy crisis years 1974 to 1977, the National Petroleum Council produced a considerable amount of information for the Ford Foundation 's [ Energy Policy Project ]. (sourcewatch.org)
  • Search for Beihai Offshore Petroleum Building discounts in Beihai with KAYAK. (kayak.com)
  • Search for the cheapest hotel deal for Beihai Offshore Petroleum Building in Beihai. (kayak.com)
  • Chesebrough patented the process of making petroleum jelly by U.S. Patent 127,568 in 1872. (wikipedia.org)
  • Transporting petroleum through pipelines has the potential to destroy the local environment and shipping petroleum risks spills and uses energy. (investopedia.com)
  • The total petroleum deliveries, a measure of demand, rose 1.7 percent in July from a year ago to average $18.9 million barrels per day, Xinhua reported. (yahoo.com)
  • Asphalt, which is used to pave highways, is made from petroleum. (investopedia.com)
  • Petroleum jelly, also known as soft paraffin, is a semisolid mixture of fatty substances that are made from petroleum. (medlineplus.gov)
  • During World War II , a variety of petroleum jelly called red veterinary petrolatum, or Red Vet Pet for short, was often included in life raft survival kits. (wikipedia.org)
  • These groups are called petroleum hydrocarbon fractions. (cdc.gov)
  • A land area with an abundance of oil wells extracting petroleum (crude oil) from below ground. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Abraxas Petroleum Company said its subsidiary Abraxas Production had completed the previously announced acquisition of interests in 29 oil and gas wells on the Texas Gulf Coast and in Alabama. (nytimes.com)
  • Because of the subterranean origin of petroleum it must be extracted by means of wells . (infoplease.com)
  • Some wells must be dug several miles deep before petroleum deposits are reached. (infoplease.com)
  • 6. Introduction  Peak oil is a term that applies to the point when global petroleum extraction is at its maximum. (slideshare.net)
  • However, the extraction process and the byproducts of the use of petroleum is toxic to the environment. (investopedia.com)
  • extraction with volatile solvents, especially petroleum benzin (also known as petroleum ether, commercial hexane, or heptane). (britannica.com)
  • As the reserves of recoverable liquid petroleum diminish, oil companies are increasingly turning to unconventional resources. (slideshare.net)
  • Other near-surface deposits of liquid petroleum seep slowly to the surface through natural fissures in the overlying rock. (britannica.com)
  • The majority of analysts (73%) rate Marathon Petroleum as a buy. (forbes.com)
  • Analysts are generally bullish on Marathon Petroleum, as eight analysts rate it as a buy and only one analyst rates it as a sell. (forbes.com)
  • Marathon Petroleum has spent $500,000, as has the conservative Adam Smith Foundation of Missouri. (historycommons.org)
  • Following a public comment period, the Federal Trade Commission has approved a final order settling charges that oil refiner Tesoro Corporation's recent acquisition of petroleum-related assets of Chevron Corporation would have reduced competition and violated U.S. antitrust laws. (ftc.gov)
  • En ny utgave av NORSOK Z-015 Midlertidig utstyr ble utgitt på slutten av 2020, og 11. (standard.no)
  • MELBOURNE (MarketWatch) -- Woodside Petroleum Ltd. (WPL.AU) said Friday its full year production for 2009 was 80.9 million barrels of oil equivalent, a shade below revised guidance for 81 million barrels. (marketwatch.com)
  • 4.  Petroleum, along with oil and coal, is classified as a fossil fuel, therefore petroleum is considered to be a non-renewable energy source. (slideshare.net)
  • Petroleum is a fossil fuel, meaning that it has been created by the decomposition of organic matter over millions of years. (investopedia.com)
  • Petroleum is one of the fossil fuel with Coal and natural gas. (ipl.org)
  • Now is the time to decide if we are willing to die for fossil fuel, or if we have the courage and commitment to move beyond petroleum and shift from conventional to renewable energies, and embark upon what I call a new Copernican Revolution. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • A fossil fuel, petroleum is formed when large quantities of dead organisms, mostly zooplankton and algae, are buried underneath sedimentary rock and subjected to both intense heat and pressure. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1.50 ● EXPLORATION & PRODUCTION Senator visits geothermal project COURTESY PHOTO BP making changes Brock gives Alaska legislators answers about what went wrong at Prudhoe By KRISTEN NELSON the technical directorate, answered some Petroleum News questions on terminology used in the docu- ments, but said he was not in a position to T he reality of the past and the hope of the comment on what went on in the past. (slideshare.net)
  • Petroleum production , recovery of crude oil and, often, associated natural gas from the Earth . (britannica.com)
  • Occidental Petroleum is an independent exploration and production company with operations in the United States, Latin America, and the Middle East. (yahoo.com)
  • As industries have such a high reliance on petroleum prices for things such as the transportation and production of goods and services, sharp increases and decreases of the prices of petroleum could have a dramatic effect on these industries. (ipl.org)
  • LS9 , the Renewable Petroleum Company™, today announced the acquisition of an existing production facility in Okeechobee, Florida. (prweb.com)
  • Therefore, Norwegian petroleum production is currently divided among more fields than before. (regjeringen.no)
  • Petroleum production can be extremely profitable and was important for economic development in the 20th century, with some countries, so called "oil states", gaining significant economic and international power because of their control of oil production. (wikipedia.org)
  • Production of petroleum is expected to reach peak oil before 2040 as global economies reduce dependencies on petroleum as part of climate change mitigation and a transition towards renewable energy and electrification. (wikipedia.org)
  • especially the various grades of petroleum benzin (commonly known as petroleum ether, commercial hexane, or heptane). (britannica.com)
  • The Strategic Petroleum Reserve is a U.S. Government complex of four sites with deep underground storage caverns created in salt domes along the Texas and Louisiana Gulf Coasts. (energy.gov)
  • Why is there a Strategic Petroleum Reserve? (energy.gov)
  • The circumstances that might require the use of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve are defined in the Energy Policy and Conservation Act (EPCA). (energy.gov)
  • The identification of petroleum reserves, both foreign and domestic, is an increasingly important scientific component of national economic and strategic security. (faqs.org)
  • Other negative environmental effects include the environmental impacts of exploration and exploitation of petroleum reserves, such as oil spills, and air and water pollution at the sites of utilization. (wikipedia.org)
  • Since there are a number of factors that influence the boiling point of a hydrocarbon, these petroleum fractions are complex mixtures. (purdue.edu)
  • Petroleum reservoirs are broadly classified as conventional and unconventional reservoirs. (wikipedia.org)
  • And the Separation Processes and Chemical Conversion used in refining petroleum. (slideshare.net)
  • Operate or control petroleum refining or processing units. (bls.gov)
  • Phillips Petroleum Company is one of the largest oil companies in the United States . (encyclopedia.com)
  • The brothers founded Phillips Petroleum Company in 1917, headquartered in Bartlesville, Oklahoma. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Occidental Petroleum appointed Todd A. Stevens president and chief executive of California Resources, the parent company announced Thursday. (latimes.com)
  • The Abraxas Petroleum Corporation agreed yesterday to sell its natural-gas fields in southwestern Wyoming to a unit of the General Electric Company for $60.2 million and said it might use the money for acquisitions or debt reduction. (nytimes.com)
  • Research setting Current research will be undertaken within an oil company - British Petroleum. (ipl.org)
  • Company Overview of Sunray Petroleum, Inc. (bloomberg.com)
  • Such a conflict did take place in 1997, the Lukoil owns a share in the 'contract of the century,' as well as other projects in last time a Russian petroleum company tried to raise funds on U.S. markets. (rferl.org)
  • Another private Norwegian company, Saga Petroleum, also established itself. (regjeringen.no)
  • Crude oil is a naturally occurring, unrefined petroleum product composed of hydrocarbon deposits and other organic materials. (investopedia.com)
  • Petroleum is a naturally occurring hydrocarbon material that is believed to have formed from animal and vegetable debris in deep sedimentary beds. (britannica.com)
  • Petroleum-eating bacteria - which had dined for eons on oil seeping naturally through the seafloor - proliferated in the cloud of oil that drifted underwater for months after the April 20 accident. (washingtonpost.com)
  • The raw material for petroleum jelly was discovered in 1859 in Titusville, Pennsylvania , United States , on some of the country's first oil rigs . (wikipedia.org)
  • Petroleum can contaminate groundwater, the source of drinking water for nearly half of all Americans. (epa.gov)
  • A. Background  Petroleum is the product of natural changes in organic materials over millennia. (slideshare.net)
  • The Petroleum Geochemistry Research Laboratory (PGRL) provides analytical capabilities and technical expertise in support of research and assessment projects within the Energy Resource Program (ERP) with a commitment to the provision of quality petroleum organic geochemistry and mineralogy data. (usgs.gov)
  • The rise in importance was due to the invention of the internal combustion engine, the rise in commercial aviation, and the importance of petroleum to industrial organic chemistry, particularly the synthesis of plastics, fertilisers, solvents, adhesives and pesticides. (wikipedia.org)
  • Petroleum is used as fuel to power vehicles, heating units, and machines, as well as it can be converted into plastics and other materials. (investopedia.com)
  • According to market capitalisation, British Petroleum is one of the largest oil companies in the world. (ipl.org)
  • Lukoil has long held a lead among Russian petroleum companies in pursuing international corporate norms, but the new standards require far greater transparency. (rferl.org)
  • The nationally ranked Craft & Hawkins Department of Petroleum Engineering at LSU has alumni throughout the world working for major companies, small independent companies, government agencies, and as independent consultants. (lsu.edu)
  • In the beginning, the authorities chose to start with a model where foreign companies operated the petroleum activities. (regjeringen.no)
  • Alaska resort, which is home to the nation's first low-temperature enues under the new Petroleum Profits Tax, which geothermal renewable electrical project. (slideshare.net)
  • HOUSTON, Dec 21 Oasis Petroleum Inc, the last major oil producer operating exclusively in North Dakota's Bakken shale formation, is heading south to the nation's largest oilfield, pursuing a pricey expansion as investors worry about maturing shale fields. (reuters.com)
  • These methods can only indicate the presence or absence of underground formations that are favourable for petroleum accumulations. (britannica.com)
  • Industries with the highest published employment and wages for Petroleum Pump System Operators, Refinery Operators, and Gaugers are provided. (bls.gov)
  • For a list of all industries with employment in Petroleum Pump System Operators, Refinery Operators, and Gaugers, see the Create Customized Tables function. (bls.gov)
  • Petroleum Industries" In The Canadian Encyclopedia. (thecanadianencyclopedia.com)
  • As petroleum became the critical energy resource of the 20th century, governments became more intimately involved in the operations of the petroleum industries- especially during the "crisis" years of the 1970s and early 1980s. (thecanadianencyclopedia.com)
  • Compared to other industries, most sectors of the petroleum business are very capital intensive (ie, they require a high proportion of machinery and equipment relative to their labour force) and typically involve higher financial risks. (thecanadianencyclopedia.com)
  • The profitability and level of activity in the industries vary enormously, depending on petroleum supply and demand and competitive market conditions. (thecanadianencyclopedia.com)
  • After petroleum jelly became a medicine chest staple, consumers began to use it for many ailments, as well as cosmetic purposes, including toenail fungus , genital rashes (non- STD ), nosebleeds , diaper rash , and chest colds . (wikipedia.org)
  • then the fumes will light, not the liquid itself, so a wick material like leaves, bark, or small twigs is needed to ignite petroleum jelly. (wikipedia.org)
  • This pertains to the processing and handling of the petroleum jelly so it is suitable for medicinal and personal-care applications. (wikipedia.org)
  • Because they feel similar when applied to human skin, there is a common misconception that petroleum jelly and glycerol (glycerine) are physically similar. (wikipedia.org)
  • Petroleum jelly is a non-polar hydrophobic (water-repelling) hydrocarbon and insoluble in water. (wikipedia.org)
  • This feeling of wetness is similar to the feeling of greasiness produced by petroleum jelly. (wikipedia.org)
  • Vaseline brand First Aid Petroleum Jelly, or carbolated petroleum jelly containing phenol to give the jelly additional antibacterial effect, has been discontinued. (wikipedia.org)
  • The American Academy of Dermatology recommends keeping skin injuries moist with petroleum jelly to reduce scarring. (wikipedia.org)
  • This article discusses what happens when someone swallows a lot of petroleum jelly or it gets in the eyes. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Petroleum jelly (petrolatum) can be harmful if someone swallows it or it gets in the eyes. (medlineplus.gov)
  • If a large amount of petroleum jelly gets in the eyes or nose, or is used on the skin, the eyes, nose, or skin may become irritated. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Petroleum jelly is considered nontoxic. (medlineplus.gov)
  • More serious lung problems may result with long-term exposure to inhaled petroleum jelly droplets. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Petroleum jelly is gloopy, gooey, slippery stuff that's great for protecting dry, cracked skin. (kidshealth.org)
  • If your nose feels dry and itchy from a cold or allergies a tiny bit of petroleum jelly might make if feel better and prevent a nosebleed . (kidshealth.org)
  • Is Average Petroleum Engineer Salary your job title? (payscale.com)
  • An entry-level Petroleum Engineer with less than 1 year experience can expect to earn an average total compensation (includes tips, bonus, and overtime pay) of $88,029 based on 116 salaries. (payscale.com)
  • An early career Petroleum Engineer with 1-4 years of experience earns an average total compensation of $92,674 based on 316 salaries. (payscale.com)
  • This report will talk about being a petroleum engineer. (ipl.org)
  • Essential Responsibilities: Bachelor's Degree in Petroleum Engineering or related earth science or equivalent, with minimum… reservoir engineer , and making economic evaluations of the development feasibility of the project. (glassdoor.com)
  • I then discuss how the policies for reducing petroleum consumption used in the US compare with the standard economics prescription for using a Pigouvian tax to deal with externalities. (repec.org)
  • Taking into account that energy taxes are a political hot button in the United States, and also considering some evidence that consumers may not correctly value fuel economy, I offer some thoughts about the margins on which policy aimed at reducing petroleum consumption would have the largest impact on economic efficiency. (repec.org)
  • Petroleum may exist in gaseous, liquid, or near-solid phases either alone or in combination. (britannica.com)
  • Lawmakers in the European Parliament will be under pressure this autumn to follow America's lead in adopting tough financial disclosure rules aimed at combating corruption in overseas mining and petroleum operations. (euractiv.com)
  • The petroleum, being less dense than the surrounding water, was expelled from the source beds and migrated upward through porous rock such as sandstone and some limestone until it was finally blocked by nonporous rock such as shale or dense limestone. (britannica.com)
  • Surging demand for natural gas fired up the share price of Australia's Woodside Petroleum to record levels in recent weeks, and further gains may be just over the horizon. (wsj.com)