The destroying of all forms of life, especially microorganisms, by heat, chemical, or other means.
Procedures that render the female sterile by interrupting the flow in the FALLOPIAN TUBE. These procedures generally are surgical, and may also use chemicals or physical means.
Procedures to block or remove all or part of the genital tract for the purpose of rendering individuals sterile, incapable of reproduction. Surgical sterilization procedures are the most commonly used. There are also sterilization procedures involving chemical or physical means.
Procedures to reverse the effect of REPRODUCTIVE STERILIZATION and to regain fertility. Reversal procedures include those used to restore the flow in the FALLOPIAN TUBE or the VAS DEFERENS.
A colorless and flammable gas at room temperature and pressure. Ethylene oxide is a bactericidal, fungicidal, and sporicidal disinfectant. It is effective against most micro-organisms, including viruses. It is used as a fumigant for foodstuffs and textiles and as an agent for the gaseous sterilization of heat-labile pharmaceutical and surgical materials. (From Reynolds, Martindale The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p794)
Reproductive sterilization without the consent of the patient.
Water in its gaseous state. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The attempt to improve the PHENOTYPES of future generations of the human population by fostering the reproduction of those with favorable phenotypes and GENOTYPES and hampering or preventing BREEDING by those with "undesirable" phenotypes and genotypes. The concept is largely discredited. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Further or repeated use of equipment, instruments, devices, or materials. It includes additional use regardless of the original intent of the producer as to disposability or durability. It does not include the repeated use of fluids or solutions.
Surgical removal of the ductus deferens, or a portion of it. It is done in association with prostatectomy, or to induce infertility. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Rendering pathogens harmless through the use of heat, antiseptics, antibacterial agents, etc.
Chemicals especially for use on instruments to destroy pathogenic organisms. (Boucher, Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)
The presence of an infectious agent on instruments, prostheses, or other inanimate articles.
Hand-held tools or implements especially used by dental professionals for the performance of clinical tasks.
Substances used on inanimate objects that destroy harmful microorganisms or inhibit their activity. Disinfectants are classed as complete, destroying SPORES as well as vegetative forms of microorganisms, or incomplete, destroying only vegetative forms of the organisms. They are distinguished from ANTISEPTICS, which are local anti-infective agents used on humans and other animals. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 11th ed)
A liquid that functions as a strong oxidizing agent. It has an acrid odor and is used as a disinfectant.
Prevention of CONCEPTION by blocking fertility temporarily, or permanently (STERILIZATION, REPRODUCTIVE). Common means of reversible contraception include NATURAL FAMILY PLANNING METHODS; CONTRACEPTIVE AGENTS; or CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES.
Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the interior of the uterus.
Ionized gases, consisting of free electrons and ionized atoms or molecules which collectively behave differently than gas, solid, or liquid. Plasma gases are used in biomedical fields in surface modification; biological decontamination; dentistry (e.g., PLASMA ARC DENTAL CURING LIGHTS); and in other treatments (e.g., ARGON PLASMA COAGULATION).
Efforts to prevent and control the spread of infections within dental health facilities or those involving provision of dental care.
The kind of action or activity proper to the judiciary, particularly its responsibility for decision making.
The doctrines and policies of the Nazis or the National Social German Workers party, which ruled Germany under Adolf Hitler from 1933-1945. These doctrines and policies included racist nationalism, expansionism, and state control of the economy. (from Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. and American Heritage College Dictionary, 3d ed.)
Health care programs or services designed to assist individuals in the planning of family size. Various methods of CONTRACEPTION can be used to control the number and timing of childbirths.
Variations of menstruation which may be indicative of disease.
The application of a caustic substance, a hot instrument, an electric current, or other agent to control bleeding while removing or destroying tissue.
The reproductive elements of lower organisms, such as BACTERIA; FUNGI; and cryptogamic plants.
A massive slaughter, especially the systematic mass extermination of European Jews in Nazi concentration camps prior to and during World War II.
Includes mechanisms or programs which control the numbers of individuals in a population of humans or animals.
The induction of local hyperthermia by either short radio waves or high-frequency sound waves.
A procedure in which a laparoscope (LAPAROSCOPES) is inserted through a small incision near the navel to examine the abdominal and pelvic organs in the PERITONEAL CAVITY. If appropriate, biopsy or surgery can be performed during laparoscopy.
A potentially life-threatening condition in which EMBRYO IMPLANTATION occurs outside the cavity of the UTERUS. Most ectopic pregnancies (>96%) occur in the FALLOPIAN TUBES, known as TUBAL PREGNANCY. They can be in other locations, such as UTERINE CERVIX; OVARY; and abdominal cavity (PREGNANCY, ABDOMINAL).
Penetrating, high-energy electromagnetic radiation emitted from atomic nuclei during NUCLEAR DECAY. The range of wavelengths of emitted radiation is between 0.1 - 100 pm which overlaps the shorter, more energetic hard X-RAYS wavelengths. The distinction between gamma rays and X-rays is based on their radiation source.
The social institution involving legal and/or religious sanction whereby individuals are joined together.
A pair of highly specialized muscular canals extending from the UTERUS to its corresponding OVARY. They provide the means for OVUM collection, and the site for the final maturation of gametes and FERTILIZATION. The fallopian tube consists of an interstitium, an isthmus, an ampulla, an infundibulum, and fimbriae. Its wall consists of three histologic layers: serous, muscular, and an internal mucosal layer lined with both ciliated and secretory cells.
Compounds that cause reproductive sterility in organisms. They are sometimes used to control pest populations by sterilizing males within the population.
Treatment of food with RADIATION.
Persons with physical or mental disabilities that affect or limit their activities of daily living and that may require special accommodations.
Synthetic thermoplastics that are tough, flexible, inert, and resistant to chemicals and electrical current. They are often used as biocompatible materials for prostheses and implants.
Hand-held tools or implements used by health professionals for the performance of surgical tasks.
Solution that is usually 10 percent glucose but may be higher. An isotonic solution of glucose is 5 percent.
Chemical substances or agents with contraceptive activity in females. Use for female contraceptive agents in general or for which there is no specific heading.
Endoscopes used for viewing the interior of blood vessels.
Presence of warmth or heat or a temperature notably higher than an accustomed norm.
Devices that diminish the likelihood of or prevent conception. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
Apparatus, devices, or supplies intended for one-time or temporary use.
Facilities in which WARFARE or political prisoners are confined.
Heat and stain resistant, metabolically inactive bodies formed within the vegetative cells of bacteria of the genera Bacillus and Clostridium.
One of the protein CROSS-LINKING REAGENTS that is used as a disinfectant for sterilization of heat-sensitive equipment and as a laboratory reagent, especially as a fixative.
In females, the period that is shortly after giving birth (PARTURITION).
ENDOSCOPES for examining the abdominal and pelvic organs in the peritoneal cavity.
Surgery performed on an outpatient basis. It may be hospital-based or performed in an office or surgicenter.
Stainless steel. A steel containing Ni, Cr, or both. It does not tarnish on exposure and is used in corrosive environments. (Grant & Hack's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
Expendable and nonexpendable equipment, supplies, apparatus, and instruments that are used in diagnostic, surgical, therapeutic, scientific, and experimental procedures.
Behavior patterns of those practicing CONTRACEPTION.
Abortion induced to save the life or health of a pregnant woman. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
Laws and regulations, pertaining to the field of medicine, proposed for enactment or enacted by a legislative body.
The testing of materials and devices, especially those used for PROSTHESES AND IMPLANTS; SUTURES; TISSUE ADHESIVES; etc., for hardness, strength, durability, safety, efficacy, and biocompatibility.
Unintended accidental pregnancy, including pregnancy resulting from failed contraceptive measures.
Destruction by passage of a galvanic electric current, as in disintegration of a chemical compound in solution.
Centers for acquiring, characterizing, and storing bones or bone tissue for future use.
Emission or propagation of acoustic waves (SOUND), ELECTROMAGNETIC ENERGY waves (such as LIGHT; RADIO WAVES; GAMMA RAYS; or X-RAYS), or a stream of subatomic particles (such as ELECTRONS; NEUTRONS; PROTONS; or ALPHA PARTICLES).
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
A state in which the environs of hospitals, laboratories, domestic and animal housing, work places, spacecraft, and other surroundings are under technological control with regard to air conditioning, heating, lighting, humidity, ventilation, and other ambient features. The concept includes control of atmospheric composition. (From Jane's Aerospace Dictionary, 3d ed)
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
The process of keeping pharmaceutical products in an appropriate location.
A measure of the amount of WATER VAPOR in the air.
Solutions prepared for exchange across a semipermeable membrane of solutes below a molecular size determined by the cutoff threshold of the membrane material.
A reagent that forms fluorescent conjugation products with primary amines. It is used for the detection of many biogenic amines, peptides, and proteins in nanogram quantities in body fluids.
The vapor state of matter; nonelastic fluids in which the molecules are in free movement and their mean positions far apart. Gases tend to expand indefinitely, to diffuse and mix readily with other gases, to have definite relations of volume, temperature, and pressure, and to condense or liquefy at low temperatures or under sufficient pressure. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
The occupation concerned with the cutting and dressing of the hair of customers and, of men, the shaving and trimming of the beard and mustache. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Instruments for the visual examination of interior structures of the body. There are rigid endoscopes and flexible fiberoptic endoscopes for various types of viewing in ENDOSCOPY.
A complex body of social, cultural, and religious beliefs and practices evolved in and largely confined to the Indian subcontinent and marked by a caste system, an outlook tending to view all forms and theories as aspects of one eternal being and truth, and the practice of the way of works, the way of knowledge, or the way of devotion as a means of release from the round of rebirths. (From Webster, 3d ed)
A medical-surgical specialty concerned with the physiology and disorders primarily of the female genital tract, as well as female endocrinology and reproductive physiology.
Linear furanocoumarins which are found in many PLANTS, especially UMBELLIFERAE and RUTACEAE, as well as PSORALEA from which they were originally discovered. They can intercalate DNA and, in an UV-initiated reaction of the furan portion, alkylate PYRIMIDINES, resulting in PHOTOSENSITIVITY DISORDERS.
A serine-rich sticky protein secreted by MOTHS. Generally, the term refers to silkworm silk gum protein secreted in the middle section of silk gland cells of SILKWORMS, Bombyx mori. Sericin acts as a cement and coating for the two fibroin filaments in a silk strand and is readily soluble in mild alkaline solution.
Stable cobalt atoms that have the same atomic number as the element cobalt, but differ in atomic weight. Co-59 is a stable cobalt isotope.
The science or philosophy of law. Also, the application of the principles of law and justice to health and medicine.
A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, to guide and determine present and future decisions on population control by limiting the number of children or controlling fertility, notably through family planning and contraception within the nuclear family.
Radiography of the uterus and fallopian tubes after the injection of a contrast medium.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
Compounds that increase urine volume by increasing the amount of osmotically active solute in the urine. Osmotic diuretics also increase the osmolarity of plasma.
Nonexpendable apparatus used during surgical procedures. They are differentiated from SURGICAL INSTRUMENTS, usually hand-held and used in the immediate operative field.
Infection of the spleen with species of MYCOBACTERIUM.
That portion of the electromagnetic spectrum from the UHF (ultrahigh frequency) radio waves and extending into the INFRARED RAYS frequencies.
Intrauterine contraceptive devices that depend on the release of metallic copper.
Contraceptive devices placed high in the uterine fundus.
A species of GRAM-POSITIVE ENDOSPORE-FORMING BACTERIA in the family BACILLACEAE, found in soil, hot springs, Arctic waters, ocean sediments, and spoiled food products.
The maximum stress a material subjected to a stretching load can withstand without tearing. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed, p2001)
A person who has not attained the age at which full civil rights are accorded.
Size and composition of the family.
It is used as an oxidizing and bleaching agent and as a disinfectant. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
A territory of northwest Canada, bounded on the north by the Arctic Ocean, on the south by British Columbia, and on the west by Alaska. Its capital is Whitehorse. It takes its name from the Yukon River, the Indian yu-kun-ah, meaning big river. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1367 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p608)
The destruction of germs causing disease.
Management, removal, and elimination of biologic, infectious, pathologic, and dental waste. The concept includes blood, mucus, tissue removed at surgery or autopsy, soiled surgical dressings, and other materials requiring special control and handling. Disposal may take place where the waste is generated or elsewhere.
Loss or destruction of the epithelial lining of the UTERINE CERVIX.
A plant of the family APIACEAE which is the source of asiatic acid and asiaticoside. Centella asiatica (L.) Urb. = Hydrocotyle asiatica L. is known for effect on peripheral circulation.
Intentional removal of a fetus from the uterus by any of a number of techniques. (POPLINE, 1978)
Z76) Persons encountering health services in other circumstances.. (Z80-Z99) Persons with potential health hazards related to ... Z30.2 Sterilization. *Z30.3 Menstrual extraction. *Z30.4 Surveillance of contraceptive drugs. *Z30.5 Surveillance of ( ... 1 (Z00-Z13) Persons encountering health services for examination and investigation. *2 (Z20-Z29) Persons with potential health ... 6 (Z70-Z76) Persons encountering health services in other circumstances. *7 (Z80-Z99) Persons with potential health hazards ...
Popenoe, Paul (1928). "Eugenic Sterilization In California: 14. The Number of Persons Needing Sterilization". J Hered. 19 (9): ... As one of the leading states in forced sterilization victims, California's sterilization procedures primarily took place in ... He also authored, "Sterilization for Human Betterment: A Summary of Results of 6,000 Operations in California, 1909-1929," as ... This continued until World War II, after which the number of sterilizations began to decrease, largely due to the fallout of ...
Sterilization (disambiguation). Disambiguation page providing links to topics that could be referred to by the same search term ... Infertility, the condition of a person being unable to bear children, especially through natural means ... Sterilization (microbiology), any process that eliminates or kills all forms of life from an item or field ...
Cohen, Adam (2016). Imbeciles: The Supreme Court, American Eugenics, and the Sterilization of Carrie Buck. New York, NY: ... Painter, Nell Irvin (2010). The History of White People. New York, NY: W.W. Norton. p. 259. ISBN 9780393049343.. ... She once said, "If the working people had all they ought to have, we should not have the paupers and criminals. It is better to ...
a b c Submission 88 to the Australian Senate inquiry on the involuntary or coerced sterilisation of people with disabilities in ... Involuntary or coerced sterilisation of intersex people in Australia. Canberra: Community Affairs References Committee. ISBN ... Involuntary or coerced sterilisation of intersex people in Australia. Canberra: Community Affairs References Committee. ISBN ... Council of Europe; Commissioner for Human Rights (April 2015), Human rights and intersex people, Issue Paper, archived from the ...
... the Christian People's Party, (CVP/CD&V) the Socialist Party (PS), the Socialist Party (sp.a), Ecolo, Agalev and the People's ... This means sterilization is required. ... LGBT people allowed to serve openly in the military Right to ... On 22 December 2014, the jury of the Court of Assize of Liège found four people guilty of the murder of Ihsane Jarfi (fr), ... LGBT people are generally well socially accepted in Belgium. There is a strong gay community, with numerous gay clubs. A 2006 ...
Vaccination and sterilization of animals cost money. It is estimated that the decline of vultures costs India ₹1.7 trillion (US ... and are indirectly responsible for thousands of human deaths.[17] In India, 30,000 people die from rabies each year, more than ... per person, while the average wage in India is ₹120 (US$1.70) per day. According to a study in 2007, the expenses for medical ...
In 1909, California passed a law providing for the possible sterilization of "moral or sexual perverts". By 1948, 19,042 people ... A legal union of two persons of the same sex, other than a marriage, that was validly formed in another jurisdiction, and that ... Health of LGBT people[edit]. In 2014, a new law was passed, according to which doctors, nurses, and other healthcare providers ... "4 New Groundbreaking Laws That Protect LGBT People In California".. *^ After decades of 'gay panic defence' in court, US states ...
The law was used to encourage growth of the Aryan race through the sterilization of persons who fell under the quota of being ... Aside from its experimentation, the Nazi government sterilized around 400,000 people as part of its compulsory sterilization ... "Sterilization Experiments". Jewish Virtual Library. Retrieved 23 March 2008.. *^ a b Vollman, Jochen; Rolf Winau. "Informed ... radiation treatment became the favored choice of sterilization. Specific amounts of exposure to radiation destroyed a person's ...
The eugenic sterilization of persons diagnosed with (and viewed as predisposed to) schizophrenia was advocated by Bleuler.[19] ...
For this reason, they are often used for disinfecting or sterilisation. Dangers of using bleach[change , change source]. Mixing ... It is often used by dark-haired people to make highlights, and most hair dyes contain it. ...
A visit with Mother Teresa in Calcutta, India, further deepened his commitment to serving the world's neediest people.[4] ... Trained over 40,800 local professionals in their area of expertise (anesthesiology, midwifery, sterilization, orthopedic and ... It is common for people to walk for days (and even from neighboring countries) to find out whether they may be eligible for ... Taught over 223,000 local people in basic healthcare.. *Completed over 1,100 community development projects focusing on water ...
... measures such as marriage prohibitions and forced sterilization of people deemed unfit for reproduction. People deemed unfit to ... which he believed should be available to all people, was "a prohibition on mutilation, sterilization, torture, and any bodily ... or reduced rates of sexual reproduction and sterilization of people with less-desired or undesired traits (negative eugenics). ... An Essay upon the Causes of the Different Colours of People. in Different Climates (1744) ...
... which he believed should be available to all people, was "a prohibition on mutilation, sterilization, torture, and any bodily ... Those deemed "unfit to reproduce" often included people with mental or physical disabilities, people who scored in the low ... or reduced rates of sexual reproduction or sterilization of people with less-desired or undesired traits ("negative eugenics ... such as marriage prohibitions and forced sterilization of people deemed unfit for reproduction. ...
Regret has not been found to be associated with the number of children a person has at the time of sterilization.[5] ... increased time since sterilization, younger age at the time of sterilization, and certain methods of sterilization are all ... "Hulka Clip Sterilization via Laparoscopy". Atlasofpelvicsurgery.com. Retrieved 2013-06-25.. *^ "Silastic Band Sterilization via ... Postablation tubal sterilization syndrome[edit]. Main article: Post-ablation tubal sterilization. Some women who have undergone ...
"Transgender people no longer required to undergo sterilization in France". The Verge. Retrieved 2018-12-14.. ... "Why transgender people are being sterilised in some European countries". The Economist. 2017-09-01. ISSN 0013-0613. Retrieved ... People with HIV or hepatitis C may have difficulty finding a surgeon able to perform successful surgery. Many surgeons operate ... Council of Europe; Commissioner for Human Rights (April 2015), Human rights and intersex people, Issue Paper. ...
To put an end to infanticide and killings of intersex people.. *To put an end to non-consensual sterilisation of intersex ... Intersex people must be empowered to make their own decisions affecting own bodily integrity, physical autonomy and self- ... Open Letter: A Call for the Inclusion of Human Rights for Intersex People Archived 2017-12-14 at the Wayback Machine, ILGA ... This is done to 'normalise' genitals and bodies in order to fit intersex people within the sex binary of men and women. ...
They tried to explain the effect biological heritage and the environment has on people. They also studied mental illnesses, ... See also: Compulsory sterilisation in Sweden. After its founding in 1922, it continued under the leadership of Herman Lundborg ... "Exhibition about types of people"). The same year Frithiof Lennmalm, the headmaster of Karolinska Institutet proposed that the ...
According to medieval historian Lynn Thorndike, people in Medieval Europe probably bathed more than people did in the 19th ... Sterilization of instruments used in surgical procedures.. *Use of protective clothing and barriers, such as masks, gowns, caps ... About 2 million people die every year due to diarrheal diseases, most of them are children less than 5 years of age.[35] The ... Anal hygiene is the practice that a person performs on the anal area of themselves after defecation. The anus and buttocks may ...
Sterilization procedures are generally considered to have low risk of side effects, though some persons and organizations ... Sterilization. Surgical procedure. 98.000 ! Once. Tubal ligation[ref 1]. female sterilization. 000.50 !0.5. (1 of 200). 000.50 ... male sterilization. 000.15 !0.15. (1 of 666). 000.10 !0.1. Sterilization. Surgical procedure. 98.000 ! Once. ... Sterilization. Surgical procedure. 98.000 ! Once. IUD with copper[ref 1]. Paragard, Copper T, the coil. 000.80 !0.8. (1 of 125) ...
However, other people added to this, and said those considered "bad stock" would need to undergo compulsory sterilization, ... Later, people also tried to use evolution to support racism. Evolution itself is not about racism. However, people wanting to ... here is some idea of the groups who might be subject to sterilization: violent criminals; the insane; mentally disabled persons ... The other observation was that lower class people had more children than upper-class people. If (and it's a big if) the higher ...
People who dominated their fields yesterday might be denounced today as traitors and enemies of the people, and by tomorrow ... prominently advocated sterilization and euthanasia of men considered genetically undesirable, and devised techniques for ... such as preparatory mental aid and psychotherapy in general and in particular for persons to be sterilized, and for people ... Most persons have taken dozens of tests and thought nothing of it. Yet, by the time the typical individual reaches retirement ...
However, other people suggested that those considered "bad stock" would need to undergo compulsory sterilization, prenatal ... Some people have tried to use evolution to support racism. People wanting to justify racism claimed that certain groups, such ... here is some idea of the groups who might be subject to sterilization: violent criminals; the insane; mentally disabled persons ... The other observation was that lower class people had more children than upper-class people. If (and it's a big if) the higher ...
People with HIV or hepatitis C may have difficulty finding a surgeon able to perform successful surgery. Many surgeons operate ... As of 2017 some European countries require forced sterilisation for the legal recognition of sex reassignment.[57] ... Council of Europe; Commissioner for Human Rights (April 2015), Human rights and intersex people, Issue Paper. ... Guidelines for dealing with persons with ambiguous genitalia". Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 151 (10): 1046-50. doi:10.1001/ ...
Czechoslovakia carried out a policy of sterilization of Romani women, starting in 1973.[242] The dissidents of the Charter 77 ... The Romani are widely known among English-speaking people by the exonym Gypsies (or Gipsies), which some people consider ... As of the early 2000s, an estimated 3.8[102][page needed] to 9 million Romani people lived in Europe and Asia Minor.[127][page ... Main article: Names of the Romani people. Exonyms[edit]. *French bohème, bohémien, from the Kingdom of Bohemia, where they were ...
The person receives highly complex nutritional formulae that contain nutrients such as glucose, salts, amino acids, lipids and ... to be the highest risk pharmaceutical preparation available as the products cannot undergo any form of terminal sterilization. ... Approximately 40,000 people use TPN at home in the United States, and because TPN requires anywhere from 10-16 hours to be ... Short-term PN may be used if a person's digestive system has shut down (for instance by peritonitis), and they are at a low ...
Some contraceptives, such as condoms, will also protect a person from sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). When people use ... Sterilization[change , change source]. This is when a man or woman has surgery to make them not able to make babies. ... People may use birth control for several reasons. Perhaps a man and woman wish to have only a few children so they will have ... It means people can have babies or not as they wish. That way, babies and families do not happen by accident. ...
"Sterilisation for women and men: what you need to know".. *^ Griffin, T; Tooher, R; Nowakowski, K; Lloyd, M; Maddern, G (2005 ... It ensures that in most cases the person will be sterile after confirmation of success following surgery. The procedure is ... Reilly, Phillip (1991). The Surgical Solution: A History of Involuntary Sterilization in the United States. Johns Hopkins ... "Vasectomy occlusion techniques for male sterilization". Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD003991. ...
"What Makes Me Me" (2005), winner, Royal Society young people's book prize[36] ... including sterilisation reversal. He performed the world's first Fallopian tubal transplant in 1979 but this technology was ... "Utterly Amazing Science" (2014), winner, Royal Society young people's book prize[36] ... "Robert Winston wins fourth Royal Society young people's book prize". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 5 December 2018 ...
After the failure of the Warsaw Uprising, half a million people were expelled from the city as punishment, with 35% of the ... Experiments in mass sterilization in concentration camps may also have been intended for use on the populations.[3] ... Germanization began with the classification of which people were "racially suitable", as defined by the Nazi Volksliste.[6] ... and the people were allowed only a few belongings.[8] Ethnic Germans being resettled there were often given Polish homes with ...
... s that pertain to class I (on condition they do not require sterilization or do not measure a function) can be ... Employed primarily by hospitals, BMETs are the people responsible for maintaining a facility's medical equipment. BMET mainly ... "Optimizing Package Design for EtO Sterilization", Medical Device and Diagnostic Industry, 33 (1) ...
Since relatives share a higher proportion of their genes than do unrelated people, it is more likely that related parents will ... sterilization, or, in the extreme case, culling. Culling is not strictly necessary if genetics are the only issue in hand. ... This also resulted in many being descended from a certain person through many lines of descent, such as the numerous European ... Offspring of biologically related persons are subject to the possible effects of inbreeding, such as congenital birth defects. ...
... , also known as acephobia[1][2][3] or aphobia,[4][5][6] encompasses a range of negative ... the idea that asexual people cannot feel love, and those that make asexual people feel dehumanised.[2][13][14][15] Aspects of ... or the belief that asexual people are just gay or lesbian people in denial of their "real" identity.[14][23] Spaces designed ... Brown of Wear Your Voice stated that some people who oppose the inclusion of asexual people in the LGBT community have been ...
Reece JF, Chawla SK (2006). "Control of rabies in Jaipur, India, by the sterilisation and vaccination of neighbourhood dogs". ... "Medical Mystery: Only One Person Has Survived Rabies without Vaccine--But How?". Scientific American. Retrieved 2010-01-30.. ...
He discussed how some zoos may favour sterilization and increased longevity. Copenhagen Zoo, however, favours non-sterilization ... public dissection of deceased animals fits with the zoo's policy to educate people on nature and wildlife,[29] and is a normal ... Moscow Zoo in Russia condemned the actions, saying it did not support killing policies and instead favoured sterilization. It ... considered sterilization damaging to the animal's quality of life and did not want to send it to another EEP zoo where it would ...
... but what is ambiguous or normal can vary from person to person.[10] ... Compulsory sterilization. *Contraceptive security. *Genital integrity *Circumcision controversies. *Genital modification and ... Council of Europe; Commissioner for Human Rights (April 2015), Human rights and intersex people, Issue Paper. ...
... two people were killed directly by the radiation overdoses. From 2005 to 2010, a hospital in Missouri overexposed 76 patients ( ... effects can be avoided by delivering the radiation more precisely to the targeted tissues leading to immediate sterilization of ... by 1.5 to 4 times a person's normal rate, aggravating factors included.[19] The increase is dose dependent, related to the RT's ... deficiencies are the least common among people with radiation-induced hypopituitarism.[28] Changes in prolactin-secretion is ...
A lot of people in the movement thought it was acceptable to speak Spanish to one another and not be ashamed of not being ... In 1975, it became involved in the case Madrigal v. Quilligan, obtaining a moratorium on the compulsory sterilization of women ... There were people of all ages at the rally because it was intended to be a peaceful event. The sheriffs who were there later ... While most people of Mexican descent still refused to call themselves Chicanos, many had come to adopt many of the principles ...
I don't think people have noticed that, but it's got all the sort of terms that religions use ... The greens use guilt. That ... and methods of air sterilisation; the role of Ca and other divalent ions in blood clotting; damage to various living cells by ... Indeed, "[t]he people of Southern Europe, as well as South-East Asia, will be fighting their way into countries such as Canada ... It is not the death of people that is the main problem, it is the fact that the plants can't grow - there will be almost no ...
Compensation for forced sterilization[edit]. In 1998, Alberta introduced, but later abandoned, a bill that would attempt to use ... Therefore, if the people wish for the law to be repealed, they have the "right" to elect representatives that will carry out ... Institutional Confinement and Sexual Sterilization Compensation Act[12]. Sections 2 and 7 to 15. Bill dropped by legislature ... Bill 26, Institutional Confinement and Sexual Sterilization Compensation Act, 2nd Sess, 24th Leg, Alberta, 1998. Available at ...
People in the operating room wear PPE (personal protective equipment) to help prevent bacteria from infecting the surgical ... In 1884 German surgeon Gustav Neuber implemented a comprehensive set of restrictions to ensure sterilization and aseptic ... They must keep a distance of 12-16 inches from any sterile object, person, or field. ...
People with optimal mental health can also have a mental illness, and people who have no mental illness can also have poor ... had at times been associated with advocating eugenics and sterilisation of those considered too mentally deficient to be ... A consumer was defined as a person who has received or is currently receiving services for a psychiatric condition. People with ... A new Medicaid service was also established to serve people who were diagnosed with a "chronic mental illness." People who were ...
People are not always told how to use the Pill correctly. (For example, they are not given the right information about how ... In other countries, like India, national family planning programs only offer female sterilization (a surgery which makes a ... People sometimes make mistakes when they try to use the Pill, without knowing what they have done wrong. (For example, a woman ... People sometimes make mistakes on purpose. (For example, a woman might not get new pills from the pharmacy. She might also ...
... can cause a person to contract an infection. Cholera is rarely spread directly from person to person.[22][note 1] ... Sterilization: Proper disposal and treatment of all materials that may have come into contact with cholera victims' feces (e.g ... McNeill WH, Plagues and People, p. 268. . *^ McNeil J. Something New Under The Sun: An Environmental History of the Twentieth ... Persons with lowered immunity, such as persons with AIDS or malnourished children, are more likely to experience a severe case ...
Some of the body's special needs happen when a person gets angry, frightened or sick, or if the person wants to have sexual ... Sterilization (surgical procedure), vasectomy. ReferencesEdit. *↑ Jones, Richard (2013). Human Reproductive Biology. Academic ... Testosterone is important in a male person's body, because it makes him grow into a man and feel like a man during puberty. ( ... Studying animals can help in understanding things about people. In mammals, testicles can be very big or very small in relation ...
"What some religions say about sterilisation". Archived from the original on 17 March 2008. Retrieved 8 March 2008.. ... Wright J. C. (1991). "Canine aggression toward people. Bite scenarios and prevention". Veterinary Clinics of North America: ... Neutering is the most common method for the sterilization of animals. Humane societies, animal shelters, and rescue groups urge ... Tubal ligation: Snipping and tying of fallopian tubes as a sterilization measure can be performed on female cats, dogs, and ...
The Tharawal people believed that the animal helped row the boat that brought them to the continent.[134] Another myth tells of ... but public and international outcry has forced the use of translocation and sterilisation, instead.[165] ... Bidjara-speaking people credited the koala for turning barren lands into lush forests.[137] The animal is also depicted in rock ... drop bears are described as unusually large and vicious marsupials that inhabit treetops and attack unsuspecting people (or ...
These rates are comparable to tubal sterilization, but unlike sterilization the effects of the hormonal IUD are reversible. ... if a person has been previously screened and there is no evidence of infection on examination insertion of the IUD does not ... 2012). "Family planning: contraception, sterilization, and pregnancy termination". In Lentz, Gretchen M.; Lobo, Rogerio A.; ...
The legal and political setting should support people's access to evidence-based medically approved care, including medical ... Sterilization. *Female: Essure. *Tubal ligation. Male: Vasectomy. Experimental. *Reversible inhibition of sperm under guidance ... Medical abortion is used in people who want to use medications to end a pregnancy. ... This is an option for people with gestations through 70 days. Mifepristone 200 mg is taken and followed by misoprostol 800 mcg ...
... against people with disabilities in favor of people who are not is called ableism or disablism. Disability ... Drug use discrimination is the unequal treatment people experience because of the drugs they use.[95] People who use or have ... essence is that it is an adverse action taken by one person against another person that would not have occurred had the person ... Discrimination exists if there is prejudicial treatment against a person or a group of people who either do or do not speak a ...
A Knacker (/ˈnækər/), Knackerman or Knacker Man, is a job title used for the centuries-old trade of persons responsible in a ... The Slaughterhouses Act 1974, the Meat (Sterilisation and Staining) Regulations 1982, and the Food Safety Act 1990 all define a ... In the past this deterred people from entering the trade but in modern times knackeries have become profitable businesses.[ ... In southern parts of Australia if something is rendered useless or broken by an inept person it is said to be 'Knackered'. " ...
Chronic infections can affect people of any age, health, or immune status. Bacterial multidrug or antibiotic tolerance poses ... Bigger JW (14 October 1944). "Treatment of staphylococcal infections with penicillin by intermittent sterilization". Lancet. ... Bigger JW (14 October 1944). "Treatment of staphylococcal infections with penicllin by intermittent sterilization". Lancet. 244 ...
Laroussi, M. (1996). "Sterilization of contaminated matter with an atmospheric pressure plasma". IEEE Transactions on Plasma ... "the close proximity of plasma-related fields can adversely affect a vehicle or person".[85] The report also indicated that ...
While not having an online form the State of Indiana official website does include information where to obtain them in person ... Compulsory sterilization. *Contraceptive security. *Genital integrity *Circumcision controversies. *Genital modification and ... The Wisconsin Putative Father Registry Form, called a "Declaration of Paternal Interest" also notes, "If the person declaring ... website gives no information for its putative father registry and only by searching the adoption forms section can a person ...
The sterilisation of those deemed to be genetically "unfit" was in fact implemented under the Nazi eugenics policies, but its ... The Awakening of the Armanen Order is a rebirth of life based on its natural foundations of the Germanic and Celtic people. The ... and was inspired to found the runic and Armanist magazine Irminsul in hopes of attracting suitable people for a revived Listian ... Armanen-Orden celebrates seasonal festivities in a similar fashion as Odinist groups do and invites interested people to these ...
An Essay upon the Causes of the Different Colours of People. in Different Climates (1744) ... He shared Nature's enthusiasm for birth control, and 'voluntary' sterilization."[84] However, the word 'English' in this ... Many people assert that this abandonment of the god hypothesis means the abandonment of all religion and all moral sanctions. ... long unemployment should be a ground for sterilization, or at least relief should be contingent upon no further children being ...
"History, Travel, Arts, Science, People, Places - Smithsonian". smithsonianmag.com.. *^ "Department of Buildings". nyc.gov. ... In Queensland many people have started a trend of urban farming both utilizing Aquaponics and self-watering containers.[72] ... UPA can be seen as a means of improving the livelihood of people living in and around cities. Taking part in such practices is ... Accepting that many people depend on it to survive, the government allocated sixty thousand hectares of land in Harare for ...
Forced Sterilization for Transgender People in Sweden. Nicole PasulkaJanuary 25, 2012 11:19 AM *Share on Facebook ... While the United States doesnt force sterilization for trans people, most states require a surgeons letter verifying proof of ... The person concerned was either declared "of unsound mind"-a simple procedure-or was subjected to irresistible pressure. Sign ... When trans people cant present official identification matching their preferred gender presentation, they can suffer "frequent ...
Japans government should stop forcing transgender people to be surgically sterilized if they want legal recognition of their ... Japan: Compelled Sterilization of Transgender People. Languages. Available In. *简体中文 ... Japans Gender Identity Disorder Special Cases (GID) Act harms transgender people who want to be legally recognized but cannot ... or do not want to undergo irreversible medical procedures like sterilization.. Sharelines. Japan: Stop forcing trans people to ...
... the country passed legislation allowing transgender people to legally change their gender without undergoing sterilization. ... In Europe, transgender people are twice as likely as gay people to be attacked, threatened or insulted, according to a European ... There are no official figures for transgender people in France because the census does not count them, but activists believe ... The move comes after a handful of European nations strengthened the rights of transgender people by scrapping requirements such ...
Belgiums parliament voted to abolish forced sterilization for transgender people who wish to change their legal gender. It ... Lawmakers voted in favor of a draft law on Wednesday which will no longer require transgender people to undergo sterilization ... Belgium abolishes forced sterilization for transgender people 25 May, 2017 16:21 ... Belgiums parliament voted to abolish forced sterilization for transgender people who wish to change their legal gender. It ...
... Apparently my go-to back-up country in case the U.S. goes to shit (oh, ... On Friday, a key Senate committee voted 8-1 for S.B. 3, a bill that would bar transgender people from using single-sex ... The 1972 law being kept in force states that a person wanting their gender reconsidered by the state has to be over 18 years ... Transgender persons are also banned from storing sperm or eggs in a sperm/egg bank for future use. ...
The Human Rights Watch has urged Japan to stop forcibly sterilizing transgender people in order to have their gender identity ... policy that coerces transgender people into surgical sterilization. Earlier today, the organization issued a lengthy, new ... Famous People Chrissy Teigen Defends Meghan Markles Decision to Share Her Miscarriage Story ... Based off interviews with 48 trans people, as well as legal and medical experts, the report argues that the process and the ...
A class-action lawsuit has been brought against the government of Alberta over claims of coerced sterilization of Indigenous ... The Nazi sterilization program went on until close to the end of World War II with about 600,000 people being sterilized. At ... And the world cant ignore the forced sterilization of hundreds of thousands of people by the Nazis in the 1930s. The Law for ... What is forced sterilization? The practice is not new, although it is now condemned by society. Forced sterilization is the ...
A sterilization program that ran in North Carolina from 1929 to 1974 was explicitly designed to breed out Black citizens and ... US eugenic sterilization on Black people was act of genocide: Study Friday, 24 July 2020 11:33 PM [ Last Update: Friday, 24 ... A sterilization program that ran in the US state of North Carolina from 1929 to 1974 was explicitly designed to "breed out" ... Most were coerced but some women who had no other means of birth control sought out sterilization by having themselves declared ...
In Nazi Germany many people were forced into sterilization by Nazis who believed in race purity and their right to enforce it. ... Between 1933 and 1945 roughly 15,000 deaf people were forced into sterilization. The youngest victim being only 9 years old, ... Of the 1,215 people that Biesold interviewed, 601 (49.47%) people responded "yes" when asked if they still suffer from physical ... The forced sterilizations were often rushed and used little anesthetics. The sterilization process affected very intimate areas ...
Sweden proposes compensation for trans people forced to undergo sterilization before gender change 27 Mar, 2017 21:25 ... "The demand for sterilization that existed previously laid out a vision from which todays society wishes to distance itself and ... Between 1972 and 2011, 865 people applied for official gender reassignment, and 500 went ahead with it, though it is not clear ... In 1972, Sweden became the first country to legally recognize transgender people, but the ability to change your status came ...
Euthanasia for People with Disabilities. Links gathered by The Independent Living Institute ... Independent Living Institute » Links » Sterilization & Euthanasia. Disability Resources - Sterilization & Euthanasia. Links in ...
... but the Intermediate Peoples Court inthe province rejected the appeal and upheld the sentence in January (. Kaiser Daily ...
The type of sterilization which is normally carried out on persons with genetic disease is out of the question in this case, as ... By means of some fundamental experiments, a method should be found which would lead to sterilization of persons without their ... Nazi Letters on Sterilization. Letter from SS-Oberfuehrer Brack to Reichsfuehrer-SS Himmler, June 23, 1942 [DotH, p. 272]. ... I am positively interested in seeing the sterilization by X-rays tried out at least once in one camp in a series of experiments ...
People have are expressing shock over sterilization in exchange for shorter sentences. The Executive Director of the states ... and consequently also are likely to make up a large percentage of the people who volunteer for these sterilization procedures ... Tennessee offers inmates shorter sentences if they submit to sterilization July 31, 2017 2:08 PM CDT By Michelle Zacarias * ... Michelle Zacarias is a staff writer at Peoples World. A graduate of the Univ. of Illinois in Urbana-Champaign, Zacarias has ...
While sterilization laws have been repealed and new ones have been put in place to protect the bodily autonomy of people, there ... Compulsory sterilization of disabled people in the U.S. prison system was permitted in the United States from 1907 to the 1960s ... The compulsory sterilization of developmentally disabled people began in the late 19th century, even before the first state ... Oftentimes, people convicted of crimes involving child abuse are sentenced to compulsory sterilization, or offered lesser ...
For more than four decades North Carolinas statewide eugenics program forcibly sterilized almost 7,600 people - many of whom ... North Carolina Eugenics Program Tried to Breed Out Black People Through Forty Years of Sterilization, Report Says. By Hayley ... North Carolina Eugenics Program Tried to Breed Out Black People Through Forty Years of Sterilization, Report Says ... That meant sterilization petitions werent just submitted by hospitals but also by local welfare officials and county boards of ...
... * Forced Sterilisation of Trans People - Personal Stories ... Forced Sterilisation of Trans People and Compensation * Forced Sterilisation of Trans People - Personal Stories ... Forced Sterilisation of Trans People - Personal Stories. In 1972, Sweden introduced a law that made it possible to change a ... Many trans people want to change their legal gender so that it more accurately reflects their gender identity and how they live ...
Europe ends forced sterilisation of trans people. Twenty-two countries across Europe currently require sterilisation for legal ... THE European Court of Human Rights has ruled that requiring the sterilisation of people seeking to change their legal gender ... The news follows recent legislation being introduced in Sweden to financially compensate trans people who were forcibly ... "Forcing unnecessary medical interventions to access basic human rights like legal recognition of a persons gender is barbaric ...
Opening Statement from Graeme Innes AM, Disability Discrimination Commissioner, Australian Human Rights Commission Download in PDF [29 KB] Download in Word [66 KB]
This is thanks to a court judgment that now applies to the whole country circumventing the sterilization law, which is set to ... Sweden has taken a long-overdue step to end the requirement that transgender people who wish to update their sex identification ... Sex identity changes remained the last form of forced sterilization in the nation, but it remains unclear if the government ... Only 16 other countries in the European Union require transgender citizens to undergo the surgery, which many trans people do ...
As a part of the UVGI Sterilization Team, you will support many roles in the management and supply of resources and equipment ... As a part of the UVGI Sterilization Team, you will support many roles in the management and supply of resources and equipment ... Sterilization & Distribution Tech, Per Diem at University of California - Los Angeles Medical Centers in Los Angeles, ... Sterilization & Distribution Tech, Per Diem at University of California - Los Angeles Medical Centers ...
... rights groups and LGBTQ advocacy organizations have condemned Japans Supreme Court for upholding a transgender sterilization ... Japans Sterilization Requirement For Trans People Is Being Condemned By Human Rights Activists. By Morgan Brinlee ... Under Japans sterilization law, which is also known as Law 111, anyone seeking to legally change their gender on documents ... In their complaint they argued the law amounted to cruel and inhuman treatment and was a violation of transgender peoples ...
Peru reopens probe into mass sterilizations of over 300,000 indigenous people. Peruvian judicial authorities have ordered the ... Focusing mostly on indigenous and poor people in rural areas, the sterilization program was led by President Fujimoris ... Alberto FujimoriCenter for Reproductive RightsCompulsory sterilizationHuman rightsKeiko FujimoriLatin AmericaOllanta HumalaPeru ... into former President Alberto Fujimoris possible role in the forced sterilization of thousands of Perus indigenous people ...
Forced sterilisation of trans people is still happening in the Czech Republic. This is inhumane and has to stop!" comment the ... "We remain concerned that doctors who call for the forced sterilisation of trans people are considered experts and will remain ... Issues » Legal Gender Recognition » Legal victory for trans people - European human rights body slams forced sterilisation in ... Legal victory for trans people - European human rights body slams forced sterilisation in the Czech Republic. ...
Forced sterilisation of trans people is still happening in the Czech Republic. This is inhumane and has to stop!" comment the ... Home / Resources / News / Latest News / Legal victory for trans people - European human rights body slams forced sterilisation ... "We remain concerned that doctors who call for the forced sterilisation of trans people are considered experts and will remain ... LGBTI people in Ukraine deserve legal protection and social certainty. *LGBTI people need healthcare that works for them - and ...
... and structure poly ethylene oxide sterilizer manufacturers polyethylene ethene structural formula eto manufacturer pure people ... sterilization mechanism chemical define gas c2h4o lewis boiling point , Sentinellemedical ... Poly Ethylene Oxide Sterilizer Manufacturers Polyethylene Ethene Structural Formula Eto Manufacturer Pure People Sterilization ... more topicdefine ethyleneethylene gasc2h4o lewis structurebenzyl bromideethylene boiling pointethylene oxide sterilization ...
People. James Poterba, president. James Poterba is President of the National Bureau of Economic Research. He is also the Mitsui ... Sterilization and the Capital Inflow Problem in East Asia, 1987-97. Shinji Takagi, Taro Esaka. Chapter in NBER book Regional ... w13902 Sterilization, Monetary Policy, and Global Financial Integration. Tornell. Lending Booms and Currency Crises: Empirical ...
People. James Poterba, president. James Poterba is President of the National Bureau of Economic Research. He is also the Mitsui ... w13902 Sterilization, Monetary Policy, and Global Financial Integration. Obstfeld. w0833 Can We Sterilize? Theory and Evidence ... International Liquidity Illusion: On the Risks of Sterilization. Ricardo J. Caballero, Arvind Krishnamurthy. NBER Working Paper ... If the instruments used in the sterilization are illiquid or result in fiscal deficits that reduce the liquidity of the private ...
Incorporating first-person narratives, court cases, and official records, Rebecca M. Kluchin examines the evolution of forced ... Fit to Be Tied provides a history of sterilization and what would prove to become, at once, socially divisive and a popular ... Diaphragms, jellies, and condoms with high failure rates gave way to newer choices of the Pill, IUD, and sterilization. ... in the second half of the century and contrasts it with demands for contraceptive sterilization made by white women and men. ...
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  • People who do not wish to be reported to the authorities by their veterinarians for harboring illegal unneutered pets may simply skip the rabies shot. (mercurynews.com)
  • India's family planning programme has traditionally focused on women, and experts say that male sterilisation is still not accepted socially. (vanguardngr.com)
  • Male sterilisation (also called a vasectomy) this is done by cutting and sealing or tying the tube that carries sperm from the testicles to the penis. (brook.org.uk)
  • A vasectomy (male sterilisation) is a surgical procedure to cut or seal the tubes that carry a man's sperm to permanently prevent pregnancy. (www.nhs.uk)
  • Sterilisation is a permanent method of contraception that works by stopping the eggs and sperm meeting. (brook.org.uk)
  • Sterilisation is a permanent form of contraception which involves an operation to stop the sperm and egg meeting. (brook.org.uk)
  • You can get information and advice on sterilisation from your GP surgery or contraception and sexual health clinics. (brook.org.uk)
  • Contraception and sexual health services such as Brook are free and confidential, including for people under the age of 16. (brook.org.uk)
  • Let's remember how this government generally acts towards people on benefits, and ask ourselves if we really believe the "offer" of sterilization or counselling or long-term contraception is actually being made in an open-minded, compassionate way. (bootstheory.nz)
  • Some people want to see the good in everything and think we should focus on the important stuff - better access to contraception - instead of calling out Tolley's horrific agenda. (bootstheory.nz)
  • U.S. Catholic bishops have vowed to fight the Obama administration's compromise on insurance coverage for contraception and sterilization, denouncing it as "coercive," "insulting," "unconstitutional," "belligerent," and "dangerous. (philly.com)
  • The latest contraceptive controversy stems from the 2010 health reform law, which requires insurance plans to fully cover preventive health care, including contraception and sterilization, beginning in August. (philly.com)
  • The World Health Organisation stated in July 2018 that transgender people should not be longer regarded as having a mental disorder. (tgeu.org)
  • Justia › US Law › US Codes and Statutes › Connecticut General Statutes › 2018 Connecticut General Statutes › Title 45a - Probate Courts and Procedure › Chapter 802h - Protected Persons and Their Property › Section 45a-691 - (Formerly Sec. 45-78q). (justia.com)
  • In December 2018, the civic body had initiated a pilot project by spending Rs18 lakh on the sterilisation of 2,000 stray dogs. (tribuneindia.com)
  • The main form of sterilization for women is tubal ligation and for men it is vasectomy. (wikipedia.org)
  • During the first half of the twentieth century, sterilization (tubal ligation and vasectomy) was a tool of eugenics. (google.com)
  • Also in 2017, a Tennessee judge attempted a coercive sterilization policy for incarcerated people that offered a 30-day sentence reduction if they got the birth control implant Nexplanon or a vasectomy. (ccrjustice.org)
  • The Riksdag, Sweden's national assembly, will review the proposal for new legislation in the spring, and barring further developments, the law will retain its requirement for compulsory sterilization. (motherjones.com)
  • This memorial serves as a reminder of the compulsory sterilization instigated by the Nazis in Klinikum Weilmünster, Hesse, Germany. (digitaljournal.com)
  • German eugenicists believed that only legally regulated compulsory sterilization would solve the issue of "racial hygiene", a belief that placed races in a hierarchy and sought to keep people considered non-white from having children with people considered white. (wikipedia.org)
  • Compulsory sterilization of disabled people in the U.S. prison system was permitted in the United States from 1907 to the 1960s, during which approximately 60,000 people were sterilized, two-thirds of these people being women. (wikipedia.org)
  • During this time, compulsory sterilization was motivated by eugenics. (wikipedia.org)
  • There is a lengthy history when it comes to compulsory sterilization in the United States and legislation allowing compulsory sterilization pertaining to developmentally disabled people, the U.S. prison system, and marginalized communities. (wikipedia.org)
  • Compulsory sterilization is the unwanted and/or nonconsensual sterilization of both men and women. (wikipedia.org)
  • The first law concerning compulsory sterilization to be passed in the United States was in Indiana in 1907. (wikipedia.org)
  • After the passage of this law, approximately thirty states followed suit and created compulsory sterilization laws based on the so-called scientific theory of eugenics. (wikipedia.org)
  • This case is so significant because from this, it was found by the Supreme Court that compulsory sterilization was within the police power of states, which therefore permitted the sterilization of both men and women. (wikipedia.org)
  • Still, primarily women like Carrie Buck were the victims of compulsory sterilization. (wikipedia.org)
  • States began to institute more programs concerning compulsory sterilization, and also began to better fund older programs concerning this practice. (wikipedia.org)
  • It was not until 1942 that there was another Supreme Court case, Skinner v. Oklahoma, that concerned the issue of compulsory sterilization, this time one that struck down Oklahoma's Criminal Sterilization Act of 1935. (wikipedia.org)
  • While this was progress for the repealing of the harsh compulsory sterilization laws nationwide and the Buck v. Bell ruling, it did not completely get rid of compulsory sterilization legislation in the United States. (wikipedia.org)
  • While states began to dissipate their sterilization laws, this case did not overturn Buck v. Bell and it did not completely cease cases of compulsory sterilization in the United States. (wikipedia.org)
  • The compulsory sterilization of developmentally disabled people began in the late 19th century, even before the first state sterilization law was passed in 1907. (wikipedia.org)
  • One of the first instances recorded of compulsory sterilization in the United States took place at the Kansas State Asylum for Idiotic and Imbecile Youth. (wikipedia.org)
  • A move to scrap Swedish laws requiring compulsory sterilization for people undergoing gender reassignment surgery has been put on ice following opposition from the Christian Democrats. (thelocal.se)
  • Tubal ligation is a form of sterilization. (bootstheory.nz)
  • In Texas in 2008, for example, two hospitals were ordered to stop doing the sterilization surgery, called tubal ligation. (philly.com)
  • The decision in the case Transgender Europe and ILGA-Europe v. Czech Republic follows the judgment of the European Court of Human Rights in the case A.P., Garçon and Nicot v. France in April 2017, finding that the forced sterilisation requirement was in breach of the right to respect for private life. (tgeu.org)
  • In 2017, the European Court of Human Rights said 22 of the countries under its jurisdiction still required sterilization as part of a legal gender change, and it ordered them to end the practice. (nbcwashington.com)
  • Jaipur, Nov 21: Rajasthan's Karauli district administration is reportedly asking its secondary school principals to motivate people to undergo sterilization and aim at a target of at least 25 people before March 2017. (rajasthanpost.com)
  • Recently in our country Greece although LGR has past since 2017 a group of psychologist offer to give certificates for people to 'help' them with police checks. (livecasts.eu)
  • While the United States doesn't force sterilization for trans people, most states require a surgeon's letter verifying proof of "surgical treatment" in order to legally change gender on identification. (motherjones.com)
  • The Human Rights Watch has urged the Japanese government to revise an "outdated, discriminatory, and coercive" policy that coerces transgender people into surgical sterilization. (papermag.com)
  • Section 1 of the Law for the Prevention of Offspring with Hereditary Diseases stated "a person who is hereditarily diseased may be sterilized by a surgical operation, when the experience of medical science indicates a strong likelihood that the offspring will suffer from severe hereditary physical or mental defects. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2015 and 2016, ADF opposed bills in Colorado that would have allowed transgender people who have birth certificates from the state to change the gender on their certificates without undergoing surgical transitions or long court proceedings. (scottsdalediscriminates.org)
  • Our catalogue has more than 300 products and includes a complete range of bandages, gauzes and swabs, tapes and dressings, sterilisation and disposal products, surgical apparel and first aid kit components. (medicalsearch.com.au)
  • While sometimes sterilization is chemical, through injections meant to block hormones, other times it is surgical - involving completely removing certain reproductive organs. (thepetitionsite.com)
  • We thank the court for preventing the BLM from proceeding with a reckless and inhumane surgical sterilization experiment that would endanger the welfare and lives of federally protected wild horses, said Joanna Grossman, equine program manager for the Animal Welfare Institute. (care2.com)
  • While A.P, Garçon held forced sterilisation is a violation of Article 8 in the ECHR, Would I be right in saying that other forms of surgical intervention are still within the ambit of the margin of appreciation afforded to states? (livecasts.eu)
  • Elective sterilization of pet dogs is a common surgical procedure performed in veterinary practice. (frontiersin.org)
  • There is mounting evidence supporting the long-term health complications associated with surgical sterilization with gonad removal. (frontiersin.org)
  • Under Colombia's unrestricted guardianship law, women and girls with disabilities are regularly subjected to surgical sterilization without their informed consent under the guise of a protective measure ," said Lisa Davis, MADRE Human Rights Advocacy Director and Clinical Professor of Law for the International Women's Human Rights Clinic at CUNY School of Law. (outrightinternational.org)
  • Sterilization of instruments - both surgical and hygiene. (indeed.com)
  • Little in known about how the state targeted individuals for sterilization and the logistics involved, but while eugenics programs in other states tended to focus on criminals and the mentally ill, many poor and uneducated women and children were sterilized in North Carolina. (motherjones.com)
  • Previous work had shown that the eugenics program had disproportionately targeted Black people, but the new paper shed light on the mechanics by which the program worked and its motives. (presstv.com)
  • Buck v. Bell is a significant case in the eugenics movement in the United States because in this case the US Supreme Court allowed the forced sterilization of young woman Carrie Buck in the state of Virginia. (wikipedia.org)
  • The theory of eugenics acted as the reasoning provided as to why developmentally disabled people were targeted and forcibly sterilized at high rates. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fowler writes: "For more than four decades North Carolina's statewide eugenics program forcibly sterilized almost 7,600 people - many of whom were Black. (readersupportednews.org)
  • From 1929 to 1974, North Carolina's eugenics program sterilized close to 7,600 men and woman , making it impossible for them to reproduce or conceive, according to The Justice for Sterilization Victims Foundation. (readersupportednews.org)
  • North Carolina's eugenics program was one of many in the U.S. targeting people with illnesses or disabilities living in state institutions, but it was later touted "as one of several solutions to poverty and illegitimacy," the foundation says. (readersupportednews.org)
  • Compensation for Forced Sterilization Victims North Carolina panel moves to offer $50k to victims of eugenics program. (go.com)
  • Jan. 10, 2012 -- North Carolina will become the first state to compensate victims of a mass sterilization program that targeted poor minorities in a 20th century eugenics program, offering a $50,000 a person. (go.com)
  • RALEIGH, N.C. (AP) - The third and final compensation payment has been mailed to sterilization victims, marking the end of a 15-year pursuit of financial help for people who suffered under North Carolina's eugenics program. (kusi.com)
  • About 7,600 people were sterilized under North Carolina's eugenics program before it ended in 1974. (kusi.com)
  • In the United States, the present-day context of forced sterilization reached its peak in the eugenics movement that gained immense popularity in the early 1900s. (ccrjustice.org)
  • As an early leading force in the field of eugenics, California became the third state in the United States to enact a sterilization law. (wikipedia.org)
  • This continued until World War II, after which the number of sterilizations began to decrease, largely due to the fallout of Hitler's eugenics movement. (wikipedia.org)
  • Under Japan's eugenics protection law, in force from 1948 to 1996, about 25,000 people were sterilized due to mental or genetic illnesses, Japanese media said. (reuters.com)
  • End result: a proposal for new legislation that allows trans-a preferred term for many people who undergo gender reassignment-to be married but continues to force them to be sterilized. (motherjones.com)
  • When trans people can't present official identification matching their preferred gender presentation, they can suffer "frequent public humiliation, vulnerability to discrimination, and great difficulty finding or holding a job," says Boris Dittrich, advocacy director of the Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Program at Human Rights Watch, in response to the law. (motherjones.com)
  • "This shows a lack of understanding and a mistrust of trans people, who are the ones often suffering from accused identity fraud when documents and gender expression do not match," she added. (rt.com)
  • This is a straight-up affront to trans people in Sweden, and to the LGBTQ community and their allies everywhere. (feministing.com)
  • This year's event marked a decade of queer pride in Delhi, ten years characterized by struggle and love as the rights of queer and trans people, women, and other minorities took a roundabout journey. (feministing.com)
  • Based off interviews with 48 trans people, as well as legal and medical experts, the report argues that the process and the government's continued dehumanization of the trans experience is discriminatory and "based on an outdated premise that treats gender identity as a so-called 'mental illness' and should be urgently revised. (papermag.com)
  • Many trans people want to change their legal gender so that it more accurately reflects their gender identity and how they live. (rfsl.se)
  • The news follows recent legislation being introduced in Sweden to financially compensate trans people who were forcibly sterilised under former laws. (starobserver.com.au)
  • Only 16 other countries in the European Union require transgender citizens to undergo the surgery, which many trans people do not want or require. (msmgf.org)
  • Forced sterilisation of trans people is still happening in the Czech Republic. (tgeu.org)
  • Echoing the European Court of Human Rights, the Committee stated that trans people should not be forced to choose between their gender identity and physical integrity. (tgeu.org)
  • According to the current proposal from the Czech Ministry of Justice it would be a sexologist who assesses a trans person applying for gender recognition. (tgeu.org)
  • We remain concerned that doctors who call for the forced sterilisation of trans people are considered experts and will remain gate keepers. (tgeu.org)
  • While trans people in the Czech Republic remain shut-out in a hasty and non-transparent process. (tgeu.org)
  • On Thursday, April 6, Europe's top court ruled that it is against international human rights laws to require trans people to undergo forced sterilisation before receiving gender-affirmed ID documents. (transgender.support)
  • Currently, it's estimated that 22 European countries require trans people to undergo sterilisation before they can be recognised in their gender-affirmed identities. (transgender.support)
  • Until late in 2016, it was also mandatory for French trans people to be sterilised, and Switzerland still has such a law on its books. (transgender.support)
  • But when it comes to their treatment of trans people they are still firmly stuck in the 20th century. (thepetitionsite.com)
  • Following the recent presentation of the new EU LGBTIQ strategy 2020-2025, this webinar will explore the still prevailing practice of forced sterilization on trans persons in the EU and the way forward to ensuring self-determination. (livecasts.eu)
  • The new LGBTIQ Strategy aims to put in place accessible gender legal recognition legislation and procedures based on the principle of self-determination and clearly target harmful practices, such as forced medicalisation of trans people. (livecasts.eu)
  • This webinar will bring together Commission, lead experts as well as trans persons to provide for a fruitful discussion. (livecasts.eu)
  • The government continues to require pathologization of transgender people as a condition for accessing the right to health, prevent transgender people from enjoyment of education and employment opportunities by creating obstacles in the civil registration process and issuance of identity documents, and ignore patterns of impunity in cases of murders of trans women in the country, beginning with refusal to officially document the gender identity of the victims. (outrightinternational.org)
  • In response, the small but powerful Christian Democrat party formed a coalition with other right-of-center parties to join in upholding the requirement for sterilization. (motherjones.com)
  • "The requirement to undergo sterilization or treatment involving a very high probability of sterility in order to change the entries on birth certificates was in breach of the right to respect for private life," the ECHR wrote in its April ruling . (rt.com)
  • Sweden has taken a long-overdue step to end the requirement that transgender people who wish to update their sex identification on legal documents undergo sex reassignment surgeries that require them to sacrifice their ability to have children. (msmgf.org)
  • The Committee of the Social Charter found that legal requirement for transgender persons in the Czech Republic to undergo medical sterilization in order to have their gender identity recognized seriously impacts a person's health, physical and psychological integrity, and dignity. (tgeu.org)
  • Japan is one of many countries with a sterilization requirement. (nbcwashington.com)
  • She noted that Sweden, which did away with the requirement in 2013, later became the first country to pay damages to anyone forced to undergo sterilization as a requirement for gender change. (nbcwashington.com)
  • It's too bad that the government and prime minister Fredrik Reinfeldt haven't taken into account that there is wide support in the Riksdag to scrap the [sterilization] requirement," Social Democrat MP Lena Hallengren, deputy chair of the Riksdag social committee, told the TT news agency. (thelocal.se)
  • However, five EU countries continue to demand sterilization as a requirement for gender reassignment, in clear violation of human rights and the ECtHR jurisprudence. (livecasts.eu)
  • The practice of involuntary sterilization has been widely condemned as a human rights violation, including by the United Nations. (rfi.fr)
  • To emphasize how common this form of reproductive abuse was, speaking at a 1964 public hearing in Washington, D.C., Fannie Lou Hamer, herself a survivor of a nonconsensual hysterectomy, nicknamed the involuntary sterilizations of poor Black women in the South the " Mississippi appendectomy . (ccrjustice.org)
  • Eight women have died in India and dozens more are in a critical condition after a state-run sterilisation programme designed to control the country's billion-plus population went badly wrong, officials said Tuesday. (vanguardngr.com)
  • State governments in India frequently organise mass sterilisation camps under a national programme whereby women are given 1,400 rupees ($23) as an incentive to undergo the procedure. (vanguardngr.com)
  • There was a suggestion that volunteers from Mhow Veterinary College be involved in the sterilisation programme and this was included in the court's order," said Upadhyaya. (hindustantimes.com)
  • A team of doctors rushed to central India after at least 13 women died and dozens of others fell ill following sterilisation surgeries in a free, nationwide programme. (dailymail.co.uk)
  • Michelle self identifies as multi-marginalized: as a Latina, a woman of color and a person with disabilities. (peoplesworld.org)
  • The lawmaker also sees a problem in the current criminal code, which decriminalises forced sterilisation of persons with disabilities through a judicial authorisation. (eu-journalists.eu)
  • Critics say the article conflicts with the International Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, which Spain ratified in 2008. (eu-journalists.eu)
  • From 1907 until the late 1970s, state governments intentionally engaged in a practice of sterilization to "prevent anyone with undesirable traits-disabilities, poverty, a criminal record, specific racial backgrounds- from procreating . (ccrjustice.org)
  • Barton-Hanson, Renu (2015) "Sterilization of men with intellectual disabilities: Whose best interest is it anyway ? (mdx.ac.uk)
  • We wanted to stand up and build a society where even people with disabilities can have a happy life. (reuters.com)
  • People with disabilities have long suffered shame and stigma in Japan, although anti-discrimination efforts have gathered pace since a law took effect in 2016. (reuters.com)
  • A Senate inquiry into forcibly sterilising people with disabilities has recommended the procedure be illegal without court approval, or when the person has the ability to give consent. (abc.net.au)
  • One recommendation calls for states and territories to make it a criminal offence to take people with disabilities overseas to be sterilised. (abc.net.au)
  • who will be disappointed we have not recommended outright banning of sterilisation of people with disabilities in all circumstances, except life threatening ones," she said. (abc.net.au)
  • The family court or a guardianship tribunal is required to authorise the forced sterilisation of people with disabilities. (abc.net.au)
  • It is very clear there is a lack of understanding of people's rights - of the needs of people with disabilities," Senator Siewert said. (abc.net.au)
  • In 2013, the UN special rapporteur on torture noted that transgender people being "required to undergo often unwanted sterilization surgeries as a prerequisite to enjoy legal recognition of their preferred gender" was a human rights violation , and called on governments to prohibit the practise. (hrw.org)
  • Forcing people to undergo unwanted surgeries to obtain documentation is contrary both to Japan's human rights obligations and its reputation as a champion of LGBT rights. (hrw.org)
  • This past June, the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) put forward a proposal aimed at managing herd size by performing outdated and inhumane sterilization surgeries that would remove the ovaries of 100 wild mares, including pregnant mares, who have been rounded up from the Warm Springs Herd Management Area in Oregon. (care2.com)
  • Many people who undergo these surgeries are already immunocompromised. (medscape.com)
  • Forcing people to undertake medical treatment in order to obtain legal gender recognition violates their right to the highest attainable standard of health,' she said. (bustle.com)
  • Currently, fourteen European countries still require forced sterilisation in legal gender recognition. (tgeu.org)
  • But the country's legal gender recognition procedure - the law that allows transgender people to be recognized according to their gender identity - remains a stain on Japan's record. (hrw.org)
  • The move comes after the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) and the United Nations slammed the forced sterilization of transgender people as a violation of human rights. (rt.com)
  • North Carolina's disproportionate use of eugenic sterilization on its Black citizens was an act of genocide," said Darity. (presstv.com)
  • As such, the scope of North Carolina's eugenic sterilization law extended directly to recipients of public welfare," the paper states. (readersupportednews.org)
  • According to The Justice for Sterilization Victims Foundation, the majority of victims in other states were sterilized before World War II, but more than 70% of North Carolina's occurred after 1945. (readersupportednews.org)
  • Although Black women were only 25 percent of North Carolina's population in the 1960s, they made up almost 65 percent of all sterilizations of women during that period. (ccrjustice.org)
  • Sweden has an infamous history of eugenic sterilization that took place between 1934 and 1976, with over 21,000 forcibly sterilized and another 6,000 coerced into a "voluntary" sterilization. (msmgf.org)
  • Japan's Gender Identity Disorder Special Cases (GID) Act harms transgender people who want to be legally recognized but cannot or do not want to undergo irreversible medical procedures like sterilization. (hrw.org)
  • Currently, the law requires transgender people who want to legally change their gender to undergo an invasive and irreversible sterilization surgery. (papermag.com)
  • Another recommended that irreversible sterilisation should be banned if the person could one day develop the future capacity to consent. (abc.net.au)
  • Incorporating first-person narratives, court cases, and official records, Rebecca M. Kluchin examines the evolution of forced sterilization of poor women, especially women of color, in the second half of the century and contrasts it with demands for contraceptive sterilization made by white women and men. (google.com)
  • In practice, it means that if a guardian requests the sterilisation of a disabled person to the judge, and the judge authorises it, the process continues even against the will of the person," said Inés de Araoz, legal advisor of Full Inclusion, a charity fighting for the rights of disabled people. (eu-journalists.eu)
  • Last year, authorities in eastern India came under fire after a news channel unearthed footage showing scores of women dumped unconscious in a field following a mass sterilisation. (vanguardngr.com)
  • Rat poison linked to India sterilisation deaths, with death toll expected to rise - "All antibiotics bought from Mahawar Pharmaceuticals, a factory in the the eastern city of Raipur, the state capital, have now been withdrawn, the Press Trust of India reported. (skepchick.org)
  • In 1997 journalist Maciej Zaremba, a reporter for Dagens Nyheter , discovered that over 60,000 people between 1935 and 1976 were sterilized against their will , including "'mixed race individuals,' single mothers with many children, deviants, Gypsies, and other 'vagabonds. (motherjones.com)
  • As a result of state sterilization programs, at least 60,000 people (with some estimates reaching 70,000) were sterilized in over 32 states in the U.S. in the 20th century. (ccrjustice.org)
  • Ottawa - A class-action lawsuit has been brought against the government of Alberta over claims of coerced sterilization of Indigenous women, raising concerns by the Canadian Medical Association. (digitaljournal.com)
  • Last week, Indigenous Services Minister Jane Philpott and Health Minister Ginette Petitpas Taylor sent a letter to provincial and territorial ministers, as well as members of the medical community regarding recent reports of the forced and coerced sterilization of Indigenous women in Canada. (digitaljournal.com)
  • All this was brought about by a proposed class-action suit filed against the government of Alberta on behalf of Indigenous women who say they were subjected to forced sterilizations. (digitaljournal.com)
  • Almost 7,600 men, women and children as young as 10 were surgically sterilized under the program that was created to serve the "public good" by preventing people deemed "feebleminded" and others from becoming parents. (presstv.com)
  • Most were coerced but some women who had no other means of birth control sought out sterilization by having themselves declared unfit mothers. (presstv.com)
  • It was amended and extended on June 26, 1935 and Section 10a was added, which authorized forced abortions in women who were otherwise subject to sterilization. (wikipedia.org)
  • After Section 10a was added, women were not only forced to undergo sterilization, but to terminate their pregnancies without consent or knowledge. (wikipedia.org)
  • Following the ruling of Buck v. Bell, it was found that nationwide, the amount of sterilizations performed rose dramatically, especially those performed on women. (wikipedia.org)
  • Prior to this ruling, sterilization cases between men and women were about the same. (wikipedia.org)
  • Peruvian judicial authorities have ordered the reopening and expansion of a criminal probe into the mass forced sterilization of an estimated 350,000 women and 25,000 men during the 1990s. (prn.fm)
  • The women had undergone laparoscopic sterilisation, a process in which the fallopian tubes are blocked usually under general anaesthesia. (vanguardngr.com)
  • With female sterilisation women will still get periods - you will still release an egg but this will be absorbed naturally. (brook.org.uk)
  • Known as hysteroscopic sterilisation, the procedure is used on women unable to undergo keyhole surgery. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • lietz admitted that the majority of deaf children became "self-supporting" but that the speech and language limitation curtails his usefulness as a member of the National Socialist State in that he cannot serve in the army and the women, because they are prevented from bearing children because of sterilisation cannot become full citizens but are just German subjects. (hubpages.com)
  • In the last five years in Madhya Pradesh, for example, only 3,397 vasectomies have been carried out, compared with 334,000 women who underwent sterilisation, even though the former is safer and easier. (yahoo.com)
  • Why Indian women are victims of sterilization 'cattle camps' - "The deaths this week of at least 13 women who were sterilized in an Indian health camp allegedly stocked with tainted drugs has resurfaced memories of the country's mass sterilization campaigns during the 1970s, when millions of Indian men were forced to undergo the procedure as part of former Prime Minister Indira Gandhi's family planning policies. (skepchick.org)
  • In California alone, over 20,000 people in state institutions were sterilized between the early 1920s and the 1950s, and there is evidence that California specifically targeted Latinx women . (ccrjustice.org)
  • Moreover, there is substantial evidence of incarcerated people receiving illegal sterilization procedures in prison within the last two decades: a Center for Investigative Reporting report in 2013 revealed that nearly 150 incarcerated women in California state prisons were sterilized without the required state approvals and/or consent between 2006 and 2010. (ccrjustice.org)
  • NEW DELHI (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Women's health activists on Friday cheered a ruling by India's top court ordering the government to shut down "sterilization camps" within three years following the deaths of hundreds of largely poor rural women across the country. (populationmedia.org)
  • 3) systematic discrimination against transgender people, (4) the lack of access to adequate health care for pregnant women with HIV, women assaulted with chemical agents and transgender people. (outrightinternational.org)
  • The report follows decades of anguish and anger as indigenous communities have called for greater attention to the epidemic of dead and missing indigenous women, girls and two-spirit, lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, questioning, intersex and asexual people. (democracynow.org)
  • As this pattern continued to progress and numbers continued to rise, it was found that approximately 30,000 sterilizations had been performed in the United States, with more than half of them taking place in California. (wikipedia.org)
  • In response to the widely-popular 2016 exhibition All Power to the People: Black Panthers at 50, this new installation will illustrate the creative ways black anti-racist activists in California supported their communities and challenged the U.S. government. (museumca.org)
  • By 1921, California had accounted for 80% of the sterilizations nationwide. (wikipedia.org)
  • There were about 20,000 forced sterilizations in California between 1909 and 1963. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ulysses Sigel Webb: Attorney General of California for 37 years, and enthusiastic promoter of the Californian forced sterilization laws. (wikipedia.org)
  • He also authored, "Sterilization for Human Betterment: A Summary of Results of 6,000 Operations in California, 1909-1929," as well as founded the Human Betterment Foundation. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Assembly recently passed AB1634, the bill that would force the sterilization of every dog in California. (mercurynews.com)
  • In eight of the councils, sterilizations cost over 2,000 kronor. (thelocal.se)
  • It examined the years 1958 to 1968, a period in which more than 2,100 authorized sterilizations occurred across the state's 100 counties. (presstv.com)
  • Together with lead author Gregory N. Price, an economics professor at the University of New Orleans, and Rhonda V. Sharpe, the founder and president of the Women's Institute for Science, Equity, and Race, they analyzed more than 2,100 forced sterilizations that occurred between 1958 and 1968 in North Carolina. (readersupportednews.org)
  • The main benefit of sterilization is population control and the reduction in euthanasia of unwanted dogs. (frontiersin.org)
  • With the patina of legitimacy provided by "racial" science experts, the Nazi regime carried out a program of approximately 400,000 forced sterilizations and over 275,000 euthanasia deaths that found its most radical manifestation in the death of millions of "racial" enemies in the Holocaust. (ushmm.org)
  • Little known fact about Sweden, that supposed bastion of liberal idealism: If a Swedish transgender person wants to legally update their gender on official ID papers, a 1972 law requires them to get both divorced and sterilized first. (motherjones.com)
  • Rights activists celebrated a major victory in France on Thursday after the country passed legislation allowing transgender people to legally change their gender without undergoing sterilization. (rfi.fr)
  • The move comes after a handful of European nations strengthened the rights of transgender people by scrapping requirements such as undergoing medical procedures in order to have their desired gender legally recognized. (rfi.fr)
  • Since 2014, Denmark, Malta and Ireland have allowed people to legally change their gender by simply informing authorities, without any medical or state intervention. (rfi.fr)
  • Lawmakers voted in favor of a draft law on Wednesday which will no longer require transgender people to undergo sterilization or a mental health diagnosis in order for their preferred gender to be legally recognized. (rt.com)
  • X-rays were also used as a form of sterilization and became legally permissible in 1936. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1972, Sweden became the first country to legally recognize transgender people, but the ability to change your status came with strict stipulations. (rt.com)
  • Implemented nearly 15 years ago, the law effectively forces transgender individuals to undergo sterilization procedures before they are legally allowed to change their gender. (bustle.com)
  • Under Japan's sterilization law, which is also known as Law 111, anyone seeking to legally change their gender on documents must first meet a series of requirements. (bustle.com)
  • The law requires applicants to "permanently lack functioning gonads" before they can be legally recognized, which amounts to forced sterilization, a practise condemned by health and rights bodies across the globe, including the United Nations World Health Organization . (hrw.org)
  • Human rights groups and LGBTQ advocacy organizations have condemned Japan's Supreme Court for upholding a transgender sterilization law they deemed as being 'incompatible with international human rights standards. (bustle.com)
  • The person concerned was either declared "of unsound mind"-a simple procedure-or was subjected to irresistible pressure. (motherjones.com)
  • Another simple but dangerous procedure was sterilization by x-ray. (wikipedia.org)
  • Riddick's illiterate grandmother, was told that they were doing a "procedure" that was necessary to help the young girl and signed the sterilization papers with an "X". The state authorized and paid for the procedure, and without her consent or even her knowledge, Riddick was sterilized shortly after giving birth . (go.com)
  • Whenever the court determines, under the provisions of sections 45a-690 to 45a-700, inclusive, that a person has not given informed consent, or whenever a person is under a guardianship or conservatorship, the court shall permit sterilization only upon showing that such operation or procedure is in the best interest of the person. (justia.com)
  • Under the second scenario, the person knows that she is going to be sterilised, refuses, but the procedure still takes place. (eu-journalists.eu)
  • But in few of those is the idea of sterilization as historically loaded as in Sweden. (rt.com)
  • Only seven of the 33 states who ran such programs have even publicly acknowledged or apologized to victims of sterilization. (go.com)
  • From then on, they stopped trusting their daughter's ability to fend for herself and decided it was best she underwent a sterilisation process. (eu-journalists.eu)
  • Enlisting the help of physicians and medically trained geneticists, psychiatrists, and anthropologists, the Nazis developed racial health policies that began with the mass sterilization of "genetically diseased" persons and ended with the near annihilation of European Jewry. (ushmm.org)
  • For any infected people, early diagnosis and prompt treatment can prevent the infectious form of the disease. (fox5sandiego.com)
  • By the 1930s, there were more than one hundred different female sterilization procedures. (wikipedia.org)
  • Most importantly, this dollar cost of capital reduction does not reflect a true increase in the country's international liquidity during the external crisis and reversal, as would be the case with a successful sterilization, but just a decline in domestic private liquidity. (nber.org)
  • Japan's government should stop forcing transgender people to be surgically sterilized if they want legal recognition of their gender identity. (hrw.org)
  • Between 16 and 18, transgender people will be allowed to apply for legal recognition but will require parental authorization and the approval of a psychiatrist. (rt.com)
  • "It is very welcome that the government, the first in the world, is paying compensation in recognition of the crimes committed by the state against transgender people," the organization said in a statement. (rt.com)
  • This ruling is a blow for the recognition of transgender people in Japan ,' Amnesty International's Asia Pacific campaign manager Suki Chung tweeted. (bustle.com)
  • But the government defended the medical model and hid behind its stated need for "objectivity and certainty" in determining whether people were actually transgender - and therefore deserving of legal recognition or not. (hrw.org)
  • Sweden's relationship with forced sterilization goes way back. (motherjones.com)
  • In 11 out of Sweden's county councils the patient fee for a sterilization is 300 Swedish kronor ($45), which is the prize of a regular doctor's visit. (thelocal.se)
  • Between 1935 and 1975 the country sterilized an estimated 63,000 people, some for reasons of medical safety, due to potential complications due to pregnancy, but most for eugenic reasons, as they carried genes that were considered unsuitable. (rt.com)
  • This was said to be a violation of the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment, and the Supreme Court ruled in favor of this, therefore deeming the Oklahoma Criminal Sterilization Act of 1935 unconstitutional. (wikipedia.org)
  • Female sterilisation accounts for more than 70% of overall modern contraceptive use. (yahoo.com)
  • The committee's chair, Greens Senator Rachel Siewert, said the recommendations focussed on the person with a disability. (abc.net.au)
  • Human rights and LGBT activists on Friday denounced a ruling by Japan's Supreme Court upholding a law that effectively requires transgender people to be sterilized before they can have their gender changed on official documents. (nbcwashington.com)
  • Female sterilisation (also called tubal occlusion) is done by cutting, sealing or blocking the fallopian tubes which carry an egg from the ovary to the uterus (womb). (brook.org.uk)
  • The intervention would thus support allowing countries to force transgender people to undergo surgery, including sterilization procedures, in order to change their documents. (scottsdalediscriminates.org)
  • Some people have surgery to shrink the tumor. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The state sterilized more than 7,600 people in North Carolina from 1929 to 1974 -- one of many other states in misguided attempts to weed out criminals and the mentally disabled. (go.com)
  • Between 1934 and 1939, estimates on the number of people sterilized range from 200,000 to 400,000, as much as 0.5% of the German population. (wikipedia.org)
  • But along with other groups it said the law was not as progressive as similar legislation adopted in Denmark, Malta and Ireland, because transgender people in France still have to go to court to change their gender. (rfi.fr)
  • However, neither the ECHR nor the UN can make European states pass new legislation, and forced sterilization for transgender people is still taking place in a number of countries across the EU and elsewhere. (rt.com)
  • According to legislation passed in 1972, to undergo a sex change operation a person must be over 18-years-old, a Swedish citizen, be sterilized and unmarried. (thelocal.se)
  • Although the ruling against forced sterilization has been largely hailed a victory by campaigners, some say it is still not enough. (rt.com)
  • Thorough experiments should be conducted to investigate the effect of the sterilization largely in a way that you find out after a certain time, which you would have to fix, perhaps by X-rays, what kind of changes have taken place. (remember.org)
  • Many countries have at points forced sterilization on individuals deemed "undesirable," and the United States is no exception. (motherjones.com)
  • This is simply National applying further bullying to "undesirable" people not to have children. (bootstheory.nz)
  • It's scary how throughout history whether you can choose to access sterilization, or have it forced on you, almost entirely comes down to how "undesirable" you are because of your class, race, or background. (bootstheory.nz)
  • Forced sterilization, considered a form of torture by the United Nations, is just one way in which governments have weaponized reproduction to subjugate communities that are considered undesirable and expendable in a nation. (ccrjustice.org)
  • The 1972 law being kept in force states that a person wanting their gender reconsidered by the state has to be over 18 years old, unmarried and sterilised. (feministing.com)
  • A sterilization program that ran in the US state of North Carolina from 1929 to 1974 was explicitly designed to "breed out" Black citizens and met the UN definition of genocide, a study said this week. (presstv.com)
  • This statue stated that the state of Oklahoma was permitted to sterilize any person who had been convicted of three or more crimes "amounting to felonies involving moral turpitude. (wikipedia.org)
  • Duke University professor William A. Darity Jr. co-authored a report published in the American Review of Political Economy that correlates 10 years of forced sterilizations in counties across the state with the number of unemployed Black residents, finding the program was all but designed to "breed (them) out," according to a university news release. (readersupportednews.org)
  • State task force offers $50,000 a person as apology. (go.com)
  • Deemed "promiscuous" and "feebleminded" by a social worker at the hospital, Riddick, who came from a black family on welfare, was recommended to the state for sterilization shortly after arriving. (go.com)
  • Though detailed, often meticulous records of these sterilizations survive in state archives, America's flirtation with selective sterilization has for the most part been a buried chapter in the nation's history. (go.com)
  • Whenever any physician has reason to believe a person eighteen years or over is unable to give informed consent, or when a person is in a state institution, no such sterilization shall be performed until it is determined by a probate court that the person involved is able to and has given informed consent. (justia.com)
  • A Division Bench of the Kerala High Court on Monday served notice on the Centre and State governments on a writ petition seeking a probe into the alleged forced sterilisation of tribals in Wayanad by the State authorities under the Centre's family planning scheme. (chsj.org)
  • I support the state making options available to people, on their own terms, to control when they have kids and how many kids they have. (bootstheory.nz)
  • We're getting another dystopic, daddy-state interference in the lives of people who are already pushed to the absolute limits. (bootstheory.nz)
  • Although it became illegal in the United States to punish incarcerated people with sterilization in 1942, the 1927 Supreme Court ruling in Buck v. Bell still allows for the forced sterilization of individuals in state institutions. (ccrjustice.org)
  • It found New South Wales appeared to be the only state that regularly rejected applications for sterilisation, while WA had fewer applications than other jurisdictions. (abc.net.au)