Behavior-response patterns that characterize the individual.
A major deviation from normal patterns of behavior.
Check list, usually to be filled out by a person about himself, consisting of many statements about personal characteristics which the subject checks.
A personality disorder marked by a pattern of instability of interpersonal relationships, self-image, and affects, and marked impulsivity beginning by early adulthood and present in a variety of contexts. (DSM-IV)
Standardized objective tests designed to facilitate the evaluation of personality.
The determination and evaluation of personality attributes by interviews, observations, tests, or scales. Articles concerning personality measurement are considered to be within scope of this term.
A state in which attention is largely directed outward from the self.
A personality disorder in which there are oddities of thought (magical thinking, paranoid ideation, suspiciousness), perception (illusions, depersonalization), speech (digressive, vague, overelaborate), and behavior (inappropriate affect in social interactions, frequently social isolation) that are not severe enough to characterize schizophrenia.
A personality disorder whose essential feature is a pervasive pattern of disregard for, and violation of, the rights of others that begins in childhood or early adolescence and continues into adulthood. The individual must be at least age 18 and must have a history of some symptoms of CONDUCT DISORDER before age 15. (From DSM-IV, 1994)
Disorders in which the symptoms are distressing to the individual and recognized by him or her as being unacceptable. Social relationships may be greatly affected but usually remain within acceptable limits. The disturbance is relatively enduring or recurrent without treatment.
Growth of habitual patterns of behavior in childhood and adolescence.
Disorder characterized by an emotionally constricted manner that is unduly conventional, serious, formal, and stingy, by preoccupation with trivial details, rules, order, organization, schedules, and lists, by stubborn insistence on having things one's own way without regard for the effects on others, by poor interpersonal relationships, and by indecisiveness due to fear of making mistakes.
In current usage, approximately equivalent to personality. The sum of the relatively fixed personality traits and habitual modes of response of an individual.
A personality disorder characterized by the avoidance of accepting deserved blame and an unwarranted view of others as malevolent. The latter is expressed as suspiciousness, hypersensitivity, and mistrust.
Established behavior pattern characterized by excessive drive and ambition, impatience, competitiveness, sense of time urgency, and poorly contained aggression.
A personality inventory consisting of statements to be asserted or denied by the individual. The patterns of response are characteristic of certain personality attributes.
A state in which attention is largely directed inward upon one's self.
A personality disorder characterized by overly reactive and intensely expressed or overly dramatic behavior, proneness to exaggeration, emotional excitability, and disturbances in interpersonal relationships.
A psychoanalytic term meaning self-love.
Behavior pattern characterized by negative emotionality, an inability to express emotions, and social isolation, which has been linked to greater cardiovascular disease and increased mortality. (from International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences, 2008, p. 217)
Categorical classification of MENTAL DISORDERS based on criteria sets with defining features. It is produced by the American Psychiatric Association. (DSM-IV, page xxii)
Predisposition to react to one's environment in a certain way; usually refers to mood changes.
A personality disorder manifested by a profound defect in the ability to form social relationships, no desire for social involvement, and an indifference to praise or criticism.
An act performed without delay, reflection, voluntary direction or obvious control in response to a stimulus.
Standardized procedures utilizing rating scales or interview schedules carried out by health personnel for evaluating the degree of mental illness.
Theoretical representations that simulate psychological processes and/or social processes. These include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
A personality disorder characterized by a pervasive and excessive need to be taken care of that leads to submissive and clinging behavior and fears of separation, beginning by early adulthood and present in a variety of contexts. (From DSM-IV, 1994)
The cognitive and affective processes which constitute an internalized moral governor over an individual's moral conduct.
A directed conversation aimed at eliciting information for psychiatric diagnosis, evaluation, treatment planning, etc. The interview may be conducted by a social worker or psychologist.
Assessment of psychological variables by the application of mathematical procedures.
Ecological and environmental entities, characteristics, properties, relationships and processes.
A personality disorder characterized by an indirect resistance to demands for adequate social and occupational performance; anger and opposition to authority and the expectations of others that is expressed covertly by obstructionism, procrastination, stubbornness, dawdling, forgetfulness, and intentional inefficiency. (Dorland, 27th ed)
Behavior which may be manifested by destructive and attacking action which is verbal or physical, by covert attitudes of hostility or by obstructionism.
Research that involves the application of the behavioral and social sciences to the study of the actions or reactions of persons or animals in response to external or internal stimuli. (from American Heritage Dictionary, 4th ed)
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
The conscious portion of the personality structure which serves to mediate between the demands of the primitive instinctual drives, (the id), of internalized parental and social prohibitions or the conscience, (the superego), and of reality.
Persons who have committed a crime or have been convicted of a crime.
Those psychological characteristics which differentiate individuals from one another.
The reciprocal interaction of two or more persons.
Those affective states which can be experienced and have arousing and motivational properties.
The tendency to explore or investigate a novel environment. It is considered a motivation not clearly distinguishable from curiosity.
Persistent and disabling ANXIETY.
The study of significant causes and processes in the development of mental illness.
Any behavior caused by or affecting another individual, usually of the same species.
Disorders whose essential features are the failure to resist an impulse, drive, or temptation to perform an act that is harmful to the individual or to others. Individuals experience an increased sense of tension prior to the act and pleasure, gratification or release of tension at the time of committing the act.
The presence of co-existing or additional diseases with reference to an initial diagnosis or with reference to the index condition that is the subject of study. Comorbidity may affect the ability of affected individuals to function and also their survival; it may be used as a prognostic indicator for length of hospital stay, cost factors, and outcome or survival.
Behavior in which persons hurt or harm themselves without the motive of suicide or of sexual deviation.
Feeling or emotion of dread, apprehension, and impending disaster but not disabling as with ANXIETY DISORDERS.
Mood or emotional responses dissonant with or inappropriate to the behavior and/or stimulus.
The feeling-tone accompaniment of an idea or mental representation. It is the most direct psychic derivative of instinct and the psychic representative of the various bodily changes by means of which instincts manifest themselves.
Tendency to feel anger toward and to seek to inflict harm upon a person or group.
Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.
A set of statistical methods for analyzing the correlations among several variables in order to estimate the number of fundamental dimensions that underlie the observed data and to describe and measure those dimensions. It is used frequently in the development of scoring systems for rating scales and questionnaires.
Unconscious process used by an individual or a group of individuals in order to cope with impulses, feelings or ideas which are not acceptable at their conscious level; various types include reaction formation, projection and self reversal.
A person's view of himself.
Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.
Disorders related to substance abuse.
A generic term for the treatment of mental illness or emotional disturbances primarily by verbal or nonverbal communication.
Psychiatry in its legal aspects. This includes criminology, penology, commitment of mentally ill, the psychiatrist's role in compensation cases, the problems of releasing information to the court, and of expert testimony.
Those disorders that have a disturbance in mood as their predominant feature.
Adaptation of the person to the social environment. Adjustment may take place by adapting the self to the environment or by changing the environment. (From Campbell, Psychiatric Dictionary, 1996)
A form of psychiatric treatment, based on Freudian principles, which seeks to eliminate or diminish the undesirable effects of unconscious conflicts by making the patient aware of their existence, origin, and inappropriate expression in current emotions and behavior.
A personality assessment technique in which the subject or observer indicates the degree to which a standardized set of descriptive statements actually describes the subject. The term reflects "sorting" procedures occasionally used with this technique.
A state of harmony between internal needs and external demands and the processes used in achieving this condition. (From APA Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)
Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.
State of mind or behavior characterized by extreme skepticism and persistent opposition or resistance to outside suggestions or advice. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)
The unsuccessful attempt to kill oneself.
Method for obtaining information through verbal responses, written or oral, from subjects.
A psychological theory based on dimensions or categories used by a given person in describing or explaining the personality and behavior of others or of himself. The basic idea is that different people will use consistently different categories. The theory was formulated in the fifties by George Kelly. Two tests devised by him are the role construct repertory test and the repertory grid test. (From Stuart Sutherland, The International Dictionary of Psychology, 1989)
A primary, chronic disease with genetic, psychosocial, and environmental factors influencing its development and manifestations. The disease is often progressive and fatal. It is characterized by impaired control over drinking, preoccupation with the drug alcohol, use of alcohol despite adverse consequences, and distortions in thinking, most notably denial. Each of these symptoms may be continuous or periodic. (Morse & Flavin for the Joint Commission of the National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence and the American Society of Addiction Medicine to Study the Definition and Criteria for the Diagnosis of Alcoholism: in JAMA 1992;268:1012-4)
Marked depression appearing in the involution period and characterized by hallucinations, delusions, paranoia, and agitation.
The co-existence of a substance abuse disorder with a psychiatric disorder. The diagnostic principle is based on the fact that it has been found often that chemically dependent patients also have psychiatric problems of various degrees of severity.
Depressive states usually of moderate intensity in contrast with major depression present in neurotic and psychotic disorders.
Two individuals derived from two FETUSES that were fertilized at or about the same time, developed in the UTERUS simultaneously, and born to the same mother. Twins are either monozygotic (TWINS, MONOZYGOTIC) or dizygotic (TWINS, DIZYGOTIC).
Standardized tests designed to measure abilities, as in intelligence, aptitude, and achievement tests, or to evaluate personality traits.
Conscious or unconscious emotional reaction of the therapist to the patient which may interfere with treatment. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed.)
A group of disorders characterized by physical symptoms that are affected by emotional factors and involve a single organ system, usually under AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYSTEM control. (American Psychiatric Glossary, 1988)
The unconscious transfer to others (including psychotherapists) of feelings and attitudes which were originally associated with important figures (parents, siblings, etc.) in one's early life.
Personality construct referring to an individual's perception of the locus of events as determined internally by his or her own behavior versus fate, luck, or external forces. (ERIC Thesaurus, 1996).
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
Chronically depressed mood that occurs for most of the day more days than not for at least 2 years. The required minimum duration in children to make this diagnosis is 1 year. During periods of depressed mood, at least 2 of the following additional symptoms are present: poor appetite or overeating, insomnia or hypersomnia, low energy or fatigue, low self esteem, poor concentration or difficulty making decisions, and feelings of hopelessness. (DSM-IV)
An affective disorder manifested by either a dysphoric mood or loss of interest or pleasure in usual activities. The mood disturbance is prominent and relatively persistent.
Principles applied to the analysis and explanation of psychological or behavioral phenomena.
Chronic mental disorders in which there has been an insidious development of a permanent and unshakeable delusional system (persecutory delusions or delusions of jealousy), accompanied by preservation of clear and orderly thinking. Emotional responses and behavior are consistent with the delusional state.
Disorders affecting TWINS, one or both, at any age.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Those occurrences, including social, psychological, and environmental, which require an adjustment or effect a change in an individual's pattern of living.
A personality trait rendering the individual acceptable in social or interpersonal relations. It is related to social acceptance, social approval, popularity, social status, leadership qualities, or any quality making him a socially desirable companion.
Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
The aggregate of social and cultural institutions, forms, patterns, and processes that influence the life of an individual or community.
The study of the effects of drugs on mental and behavioral activity.
Tests designed to assess neurological function associated with certain behaviors. They are used in diagnosing brain dysfunction or damage and central nervous system disorders or injury.
A process by which an individual unconsciously endeavors to pattern himself after another. This process is also important in the development of the personality, particularly the superego or conscience, which is modeled largely on the behavior of adult significant others.
Behavior pattern characterized by a generally calm and even-tempered demeanor. Emotionally, such personality types show less frequent irritation, anger, hostility, and aggression than Type A individuals. (from International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences, 2008, p. 223)
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
The artificial language of schizophrenic patients - neologisms (words of the patient's own making with new meanings).
The fundamental dispositions and traits of humans. (Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)
A class of traumatic stress disorders with symptoms that last more than one month. There are various forms of post-traumatic stress disorder, depending on the time of onset and the duration of these stress symptoms. In the acute form, the duration of the symptoms is between 1 to 3 months. In the chronic form, symptoms last more than 3 months. With delayed onset, symptoms develop more than 6 months after the traumatic event.
Conceptual system developed by Freud and his followers in which unconscious motivations are considered to shape normal and abnormal personality development and behavior.
Abuse of children in a family, institutional, or other setting. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)
The interference with or prevention of a behavioral or verbal response even though the stimulus for that response is present; in psychoanalysis the unconscious restraining of an instinctual process.
Emotional attachment to someone or something in the environment.
A violation of the criminal law, i.e., a breach of the conduct code specifically sanctioned by the state, which through its administrative agencies prosecutes offenders and imposes and administers punishments. The concept includes unacceptable actions whether prosecuted or going unpunished.
An anxiety disorder characterized by recurrent, persistent obsessions or compulsions. Obsessions are the intrusive ideas, thoughts, or images that are experienced as senseless or repugnant. Compulsions are repetitive and seemingly purposeful behavior which the individual generally recognizes as senseless and from which the individual does not derive pleasure although it may provide a release from tension.
Study of mental processes and behavior of schizophrenics.
A strong emotional feeling of displeasure aroused by being interfered with, injured or threatened.
A severe emotional disorder of psychotic depth characteristically marked by a retreat from reality with delusion formation, HALLUCINATIONS, emotional disharmony, and regressive behavior.
A group of disorders characterized by physiological and psychological disturbances in appetite or food intake.
Persistent, unwanted idea or impulse which is considered normal when it does not markedly interfere with mental processes or emotional adjustment.
An enduring, learned predisposition to behave in a consistent way toward a given class of objects, or a persistent mental and/or neural state of readiness to react to a certain class of objects, not as they are but as they are conceived to be.
Discomfort and partial inhibition of the usual forms of behavior when in the presence of others.
An activity distinguished primarily by an element of risk in trying to obtain a desired goal, e.g., playing a game of chance for money.
The branch of psychology which investigates the psychology of crime with particular reference to the personality factors of the criminal.
A view of the world and the individual's environment as comprehensible, manageable, and meaningful, claiming that the way people view their life has a positive influence on their health.
The science and art of collecting, summarizing, and analyzing data that are subject to random variation. The term is also applied to the data themselves and to the summarization of the data.
Social structure of a group as it relates to the relative social rank of dominance status of its members. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed.)
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
A philosophy based upon spiritual intuition that is believed to transcend ordinary sensory experiences or understanding.
Historical term for a chronic, but fluctuating, disorder beginning in early life and characterized by recurrent and multiple somatic complaints not apparently due to physical illness. This diagnosis is not used in contemporary practice.
Disorders in which there is a loss of ego boundaries or a gross impairment in reality testing with delusions or prominent hallucinations. (From DSM-IV, 1994)
The state of estrangement individuals feel in cultural settings that they view as foreign, unpredictable, or unacceptable.
A direct form of psychotherapy based on the interpretation of situations (cognitive structure of experiences) that determine how an individual feels and behaves. It is based on the premise that cognition, the process of acquiring knowledge and forming beliefs, is a primary determinant of mood and behavior. The therapy uses behavioral and verbal techniques to identify and correct negative thinking that is at the root of the aberrant behavior.
The field concerned with the interrelationship between the brain, behavior and the immune system. Neuropsychologic, neuroanatomic and psychosocial studies have demonstrated their role in accentuating or diminishing immune/allergic responses.
The observable response an animal makes to any situation.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.

Factors influencing tackle injuries in rugby union football. (1/1373)

OBJECTIVES: To assess the influence of selected aspects of lifestyle, personality, and other player related factors on injuries in the tackle. To describe the detailed circumstances in which these tackles occurred. METHODS: A prospective case-control study was undertaken in which the tackling and tackled players ("the cases") involved in a tackle injury were each matched with "control" players who held the same respective playing positions in the opposing teams. A total of 964 rugby matches involving 71 senior clubs drawn from all districts of the Scottish Rugby Union (SRU) were observed by nominated linkmen who administered self report questionnaires to the players identified as cases and controls. Information on lifestyle habits, match preparation, training, and coaching experience was obtained. A validated battery of psychological tests assessed players' trait anger and responses to anger and hostility. The circumstances of the tackles in which injury occurred were recorded by experienced SRU coaching staff in interviews with involved players after the match. RESULTS: A total of 71 tackle injury episodes with correct matching of cases and controls were studied. The following player related factors did not contribute significantly to tackle injuries: alcohol consumption before the match, feeling "below par" through minor illness, the extent of match preparation, previous coaching, or practising tackling. Injured and non-injured players in the tackle did not differ in their disposition toward, or expression of, anger or hostility. Some 85% of tackling players who were injured were three quarters, and 52% of injuries occurred when the tackle came in behind the tackled player or within his peripheral vision. Either the tackling or tackled player was sprinting or running in all of these injury episodes. One third of injuries occurred in differential speed tackles--that is, when one player was travelling much faster than the other at impact. The player with the lower momentum was injured in 80% of these cases. Forceful or crunching tackles resulting in injury mostly occurred head on or within the tackled player's side vision. CONCLUSIONS: Attention should be focused on high speed tackles going in behind the tackled player's line of vision. Comparative information on the circumstances of the vast majority of tackles in which no injury occurs is required before any changes are considered to reduce injuries in the tackle.  (+info)

Cladistic association analysis of Y chromosome effects on alcohol dependence and related personality traits. (2/1373)

Association between Y chromosome haplotype variation and alcohol dependence and related personality traits was investigated in a large sample of psychiatrically diagnosed Finnish males. Haplotypes were constructed for 359 individuals using alleles at eight loci (seven microsatellite loci and a nucleotide substitution in the DYZ3 alphoid satellite locus). A cladogram linking the 102 observed haplotype configurations was constructed by using parsimony with a single-step mutation model. Then, a series of contingency tables nested according to the cladogram hierarchy were used to test for association between Y haplotype and alcohol dependence. Finally, using only alcohol-dependent subjects, we tested for association between Y haplotype and personality variables postulated to define subtypes of alcoholism-antisocial personality disorder, novelty seeking, harm avoidance, and reward dependence. Significant association with alcohol dependence was observed at three Y haplotype clades, with significance levels of P = 0.002, P = 0.020, and P = 0.010. Within alcohol-dependent subjects, no relationship was revealed between Y haplotype and antisocial personality disorder, novelty seeking, harm avoidance, or reward dependence. These results demonstrate, by using a fully objective association design, that differences among Y chromosomes contribute to variation in vulnerability to alcohol dependence. However, they do not demonstrate an association between Y haplotype and the personality variables thought to underlie the subtypes of alcoholism.  (+info)

Functional neuropsychophysiological asymmetry in schizophrenia: a review and reorientation. (3/1373)

In reviewing the neuropsychophysiological evidence of functional asymmetry it is proposed that schizophrenia is characterized by a greater dispersion of leftward and rightward asymmetries. The two extremes are represented by active (left greater than right) and withdrawn (right greater than left) syndromes, as is the case with psychometric schizotypy. Syndrome-asymmetry relations extended beyond fronto-temporal systems to include posterior activity, infracortical motoneuron excitability, and individual differences in interhemispheric connectivity and directional biases. Central to these are lateral imbalances in thalamo-cortical and callosal arousal systems, while centrality to schizophrenia follows evidence of reversals in asymmetry with changes in symptom profile, clinical recovery, and neuroleptic treatment. Affinities are found in intact animals from challenge-induced turning tendencies representing coordinated activity of attentional, motor, and reinforcement systems. In both patients and animals, neuroleptics have reciprocal interhemispheric effects, with a bidirectionality that depends on syndrome or endogenous turning preference. Bidirectionality implicates nonspecific thalamic system (NSTS) and not limbic projections. It is proposed that the asymmetries arise from endogenous influences of genes, hormones, and early experience including stressors on NSTS asymmetry, and these underpin approach/withdrawal behavior that is manifested in temperament, personality, and clinical syndrome, and which precedes language development.  (+info)

Beyond "compliance" is "adherence". Improving the prospect of diabetes care. (4/1373)

The purpose of this study is to evaluate existing research in the area of patient "compliance," to endorse reconceptualizing "compliance" in terms of "adherence," and to discuss the benefits of such a change for medical practitioners. This study critically reviews existing medical, nursing, and social scientific research in the area of patient "compliance." We assert that the literature reviewed is flawed in its focus on patient behavior as the source of "noncompliance," and neglects the roles that practitioners, the American medical system, and patient-practitioner interaction play in medical definitions of "compliance." The term "compliance" suggests a restricted medical-centered model of behavior, while the alternative "adherence" implies that patients have more autonomy in defining and following their medical treatments. We suggest that while the change in terminology is minor, it reflects an important paradigmatic shift for thinking about the delivery of health care. By enabling practitioners to more accurately identify patients' social and economic constraints and to provide them with more efficient educational and financial resources, this type of change will improve patient care. In general, by moving to a more social paradigm for understanding patient behavior, practitioners can expand the types of explanations, and therefore the types of solutions, they have for therapeutic adherence.  (+info)

Level of chronic life stress predicts clinical outcome in irritable bowel syndrome. (5/1373)

BACKGROUND: Life stress contributes to symptom onset and exacerbation in the majority of patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and functional dyspepsia (FD); research evidence is conflicting, however, as to the strength of these effects. AIMS: To test prospectively the relation of chronic life stress threat to subsequent symptom intensity over time. PATIENTS: One hundred and seventeen consecutive outpatients satisfying the modified Rome criteria for IBS (66% with one or more concurrent FD syndromes) participated. METHODS: The life stress and symptom intensity measures were determined from interview data collected independently at entry, and at six and 16 months; these measures assessed the potency of chronic life stress threat during the prior six months or more, and the severity and frequency of IBS and FD symptoms during the following two weeks. RESULTS: Chronic life stress threat was a powerful predictor of subsequent symptom intensity, explaining 97% of the variance on this measure over 16 months. No patient exposed to even one chronic highly threatening stressor improved clinically (by 50%) over the 16 months; all patients who improved did so in the absence of such a stressor. CONCLUSION: The level of chronic life stress threat predicts the clinical outcome in most patients with IBS/FD.  (+info)

Impact of psychological factors on the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease and implications for therapy. (6/1373)

Recent studies provide clear and convincing evidence that psychosocial factors contribute significantly to the pathogenesis and expression of coronary artery disease (CAD). This evidence is composed largely of data relating CAD risk to 5 specific psychosocial domains: (1) depression, (2) anxiety, (3) personality factors and character traits, (4) social isolation, and (5) chronic life stress. Pathophysiological mechanisms underlying the relationship between these entities and CAD can be divided into behavioral mechanisms, whereby psychosocial conditions contribute to a higher frequency of adverse health behaviors, such as poor diet and smoking, and direct pathophysiological mechanisms, such as neuroendocrine and platelet activation. An extensive body of evidence from animal models (especially the cynomolgus monkey, Macaca fascicularis) reveals that chronic psychosocial stress can lead, probably via a mechanism involving excessive sympathetic nervous system activation, to exacerbation of coronary artery atherosclerosis as well as to transient endothelial dysfunction and even necrosis. Evidence from monkeys also indicates that psychosocial stress reliably induces ovarian dysfunction, hypercortisolemia, and excessive adrenergic activation in premenopausal females, leading to accelerated atherosclerosis. Also reviewed are data relating CAD to acute stress and individual differences in sympathetic nervous system responsivity. New technologies and research from animal models demonstrate that acute stress triggers myocardial ischemia, promotes arrhythmogenesis, stimulates platelet function, and increases blood viscosity through hemoconcentration. In the presence of underlying atherosclerosis (eg, in CAD patients), acute stress also causes coronary vasoconstriction. Recent data indicate that the foregoing effects result, at least in part, from the endothelial dysfunction and injury induced by acute stress. Hyperresponsivity of the sympathetic nervous system, manifested by exaggerated heart rate and blood pressure responses to psychological stimuli, is an intrinsic characteristic among some individuals. Current data link sympathetic nervous system hyperresponsivity to accelerated development of carotid atherosclerosis in human subjects and to exacerbated coronary and carotid atherosclerosis in monkeys. Thus far, intervention trials designed to reduce psychosocial stress have been limited in size and number. Specific suggestions to improve the assessment of behavioral interventions include more complete delineation of the physiological mechanisms by which such interventions might work; increased use of new, more convenient "alternative" end points for behavioral intervention trials; development of specifically targeted behavioral interventions (based on profiling of patient factors); and evaluation of previously developed models of predicting behavioral change. The importance of maximizing the efficacy of behavioral interventions is underscored by the recognition that psychosocial stresses tend to cluster together. When they do so, the resultant risk for cardiac events is often substantially elevated, equaling that associated with previously established risk factors for CAD, such as hypertension and hypercholesterolemia.  (+info)

Delay or probability discounting in a model of impulsive behavior: effect of alcohol. (7/1373)

Little is known about the acute effects of drugs of abuse on impulsivity and self-control. In this study, impulsivity was assessed in humans using a computer task that measured delay and probability discounting. Discounting describes how much the value of a reward (or punisher) is decreased when its occurrence is either delayed or uncertain. Twenty-four healthy adult volunteers ingested a moderate dose of ethanol (0.5 or 0.8 g/kg ethanol: n = 12 at each dose) or placebo before completing the discounting task. In the task the participants were given a series of choices between a small, immediate, certain amount of money and $10 that was either delayed (0, 2, 30, 180, or 365 days) or probabilistic (i.e., certainty of receipt was 1.0, .9, .75, .5, or .25). The point at which each individual was indifferent between the smaller immediate or certain reward and the $10 delayed or probabilistic reward was identified using an adjusting-amount procedure. The results indicated that (a) delay and probability discounting were well described by a hyperbolic function; (b) delay and probability discounting were positively correlated within subjects; (c) delay and probability discounting were moderately correlated with personality measures of impulsivity; and (d) alcohol had no effect on discounting.  (+info)

Health consciousness of young people in relation to their personality. (8/1373)

Personality of targeted individuals can be assumed to influence behavior modification by health education. In this study the influence of personality on health consciousness was analyzed by a questionnaire for lifestyle, health consciousness, and the NEO-FFI personality test. Subjects were 942 new students in the Tokyo University of Agriculture who were surveyed in April, 1998. Separately performed health examination data were used to verify reliability of answers to the questionnaire. Among students, 83.2% of males and 90.4% of females felt themselves to be healthy, and more than 80% students desired to improve their health more. The rate of having no physical complaints, however, was only 31.7% in males and 20.4% in females. Distribution of NEO-FFI scores of neuroticism (N), extraversion (E), openness (O), agreeableness (A), and conscientiousness (C) corresponded well between males and females, except for significantly higher scores of O and A in females. Odds ratios (ORs) between high and low tertial points of NEO-FFI score for health consciousness were significantly elevated in the high scoring groups of E and C (OR = 6.26, 95% CI = 1.46-26.82, and OR = 6.04, 95% CI = 1.42-25.71, respectively) in males. On the contrary, high N and O groups had low health consciousness. Smoking habit was associated with high E scores (OR = 2.24, 95% CI = 1.13-4.43). Dietary habits, regular eating time, and avoidance of salty foods were associated with high C scores in both males and females. The OR of regular eating time was 2.66 (95% CI = 1.42-1.98), and 2.20 (95% CI = 1.31-3.71) for males and females, respectively. The OR of avoidance of salty foods were 2.09 (95% CI = 1.11-3.91), 1.87 (95% CI = 1.11-3.16) for males and females, respectively. Significant associations between lifestyle and personality require further study for risk association analysis and for relationship to interventive practices for prevention of lifestyle associated diseases.  (+info)

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Life goals, values, vocational interests, and personality traits are important factors that influence career and everyday life decision-making. This dissertation presents a framework for how personality traits, interests, and values relate to life goals. There were two studies conducted using structural equation modeling. Study 1 was a cross-sectional study investigating the domain-specific relationship among major life goals, personality traits, interests, and values. The results showed that personality traits are the most fundamental disposition and can predict vocational interests, values, and then goals. Moreover, in certain domains, interests serve as a mediator between personality traits and life goals; values serve as a mediator between personality traits and goals, and between interests and goals. Study 2 is a longitudinal study examining how relationships among major life goals, interests, and personality traits may change over time. The results indicated that personality, interests, ...
It has long been speculated that cues on the human face exist that allow observers to make reliable judgments of others personality traits. However, direct evidence of association between facial shapes and personality is missing from the current literature. This study assessed the personality attributes of 834 Han Chinese volunteers (405 males and 429 females), utilising the five-factor personality model (Big Five), and collected their neutral 3D facial images. Dense anatomical correspondence was established across the 3D facial images in order to allow high-dimensional quantitative analyses of the facial phenotypes. In this paper, we developed a Partial Least Squares (PLS) -based method. We used composite partial least squares component (CPSLC) to test association between the self-tested personality scores and the dense 3D facial image data, then used principal component analysis (PCA) for further validation. Among the five personality factors, agreeableness and conscientiousness in males and
The main purpose of this research is to study the impact of personality on job burnout among educators. Additionally the role of emotional labor on the relationship of personality and burnout is also investigated. In this model, job burnout (exhaustion, depersonalization and lack of personal accomplishment) is a dependent variable; personality (extraversion, neuroticism, agreeableness, openness to experience and conscientiousness) is an independent variable, while emotional labor (surface acting and deep acting) is a mediating variable. To investigate the relationship among above stated variables, correlation and multiple regression analysis were conducted. Questionnaires were used to collect the data from 199 secondary level teachers of private schools. The results of correlation and multiple regression showed the negative impact of personality on burnout, positive impact of personality on emotional labor, and the negative impact of emotional labor on job burnout. Discussion, suggestions,
On the basis of the theoretical principles of existential analysis, particularly logotherapy, an attempt has been made to analyze the relation of a meaningful existence, personality factors and subjectively perceived self-esteem. An investigation into mutual relations between personality factors, existential characteristics and subjectively perceived self-esteem, carried out on a sample of 60 male respondents (30 students of theology and 30 current respondents), revealed that the level of self-esteem negatively correlates with that of the personality factor Neuroticism, and positively with the level of Extraversion, Conscientiousness, the existential characteristics Personality, Existentiality and the overall ESK scores. Personality and Existentiality showed a statistically significant positive correlation with the factors Extraversion, Agreeableness and Conscientiousness, similarly as also did the overall ESK scores which, in addition, showed a significant negative correlation with Neuroticism. ...
This thesis examines the associations between personality traits and sleep quantity and quality in young adults. Additionally the possible effects of birth status on these associations are examined. The data used in this thesis is part of a birth cohort study (Helsinki Study of Very Low Birth Weight Adults). The personality traits are based on the five-factor model of personality. The sleep quantity and quality are based on actigraphy assessments. Four hypothesis were made about the personality and sleep associations: (1) neuroticism is related to a lesser quality of sleep, (2) there will be more significant associations between personality traits and sleep quality than between personality traits and sleep quantity, (3) the Very Low Birth Weight (VLBW) as well as, (4) the Small for Gestational Age (SGA) status will affect the associations. Linear regressions were used to study the associations between personality traits and sleep quality and quantity. Whenever an association was significant, it ...
This meta-analysis used 9 literature search strategies to examine 137 distinct personality constructs as correlates of subjective well-being (SWB). Personality was found to be equally predictive of life satisfaction, happiness, and positive affect, but significantly less predictive of negative affect. The traits most closely associated with SWB were repressive-defensiveness, trust, emotional stability, locus of control-chance, desire for control, hardiness, positive affectivity, private collective self-esteem, and tension. When personality traits were grouped according to the Big Five factors, Neuroticism was the strongest predictor of life satisfaction, happiness, and negative affect. Positive affect was predicted equally well by Extraversion and Agreeableness. The relative importance of personality for predicting SWB, how personality might influence SWB, and limitations of the present review are discussed.
The following are two edited excerpts from Barbara J. King's new book Personalities on the Plate: The Lives & Minds of Animals We Eat.
Drug use is related to adverse health and social outcomes [1]. Cigarette smoking is a leading cause of preventable disability and death in the U.S. and around the world [2], increasing the risk of cancer, cardiovascular disease, respiratory and other health problems [3, 4]. The use of other psychoactive substances, most of them illicit drugs, is also associated with massive social cost beyond the damage to the individual users, affecting health care, law enforcement, and legal systems [1, 5].. The high individual and social costs of drug use highlight the need to study factors related to such behaviors. Even if personality differences between drug users and non-users are generally small, these effects can have important clinical implications due to the large number of people involved. Research on the correlates of drug addiction provides insights for understanding etiology and inform prevention policies and cessation programs. For example, from a psychiatric perspective, a number of studies have ...
An addictive personality refers to a particular set of personality traits that make an individual predisposed to developing addictions. This hypothesis states that there may be common personality traits observable in people suffering from addiction. Alan R. Lang of Florida State University, author of an addiction study prepared for the United States National Academy of Sciences, said, If we can better identify the personality factors, they can help us devise better treatment and can open up new strategies to intervene and break the patterns of addiction. Experts[who?]describe the spectrum of behaviors designated as addictive in terms of five interrelated concepts: patterns, habits, compulsions, impulse control disorders, and physical addiction. Sensation-seeking has been studied[by whom?] as having a strong relationship with addictive personalities. Alan R Lang has done much research on personality traits that play into addiction. While his research found that there is no single set of traits ...
People are often categorised into personality types. The Greek physician Hippocrates (460-370 BC) systemised and developed temperament theory.. Cat breeds have distinct appearances otherwise they would not be a cat breed. And people in the cat fancy also like to differentiate between the cat breeds in terms of cat personality. The Ragdoll is relaxed and the Bengal is active and so on.. It is neither that straightforward nor so well packaged because individual cat personalities outweigh breed personality traits. And it is possible to place individual cats, whether they are wild, purebred, random bred or feral into a category of cat personality type.. There are several terms to describe cat personality. I am sure some scientists dont like to think of cats as having personalities - it is too unscientific. Accordingly, other terminology is proposed such as: coping style, temperament, behavioral tendency, strategy, syndrome etc. However, there is now greater recognition amongst scientists that the ...
This paper investigates how humans adapt next learning activity selection (in particular the knowledge it assumes and the knowledge it teaches) to learner personality and competence to inspire an adaptive learning activity selection algorithm. First, the paper describes the investigation to produce validated materials for the main study, namely the creation and validation of learner competence statements. Next, through an empirical study, we investigate the impact on learning activity selection of learners emotional stability and competence. Participants considered a fictional learner with a certain competence, emotional stability, recent and prior learning activities engaged in, and selected the next learning activity in terms of the knowledge it used and the knowledge it taught. Three algorithms were created to adapt the selection of learning activities knowledge complexity to learners personality and competence. Finally, we evaluated the algorithms through a study with teachers, resulting in an
The Alternative DSM-5 Model for Personality Disorders as well as the upcoming IDC-11 have established a new focus on diagnosing personality disorders (PD): personality functioning. An impairment of self and interpersonal functioning in these models represents a general diagnostic criterion for a personality disorder. Little is known so far about the impairment of personality functioning in patients with other mental disorders than PD. This study aims to assess personality functioning in patients with anxiety disorders. Ninety-seven patients with the diagnosis of generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, or phobia, and 16 healthy control persons were diagnosed using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV (SCID-I and -II) and were assessed by means of the Structured Interview for Personality Organization (STIPO) to determine the level of personality functioning. While all three patient groups showed significant impairment in personality functioning compared to the control group, no ...
Love to breastfeed you little one? Check out your personality traits - are you an extrovert? Study confirms that mommies who are less anxious and possess an extrovert nature show more tendency of breast feeding their little ones for a longer time than the mothers who have an anxious and introverted disposition.. Breast feeding. Researchers Swansea University in the United Kingdom have concluded that new mothers showing personality traits like anxiety will decide whether the mother will breast feed her baby or give the child the milk bottle. The researchers further stated that women with these personality characteristics need extra education and additional support to feel self-assured, self-confident, and understand the values of breast feeding.. Feeding a child on mothers milk helps the baby build up defenses against medical conditions like skin allergies, respiratory troubles, obesity etc. Data shows that nearly two thirds of the mothers who have given birth to their young breast feed their ...
Personality is often broken into statistically-identified factors called the Big Five, which are openness to experience, conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness, and neuroticism (or emotional stability). These components are generally stable over time, and about half of the variance appears to be attributable to a persons genetics rather than the effects of ones environment.[6][7] Some research has investigated whether the relationship between happiness and extraversion seen in adults can also be seen in children. The implications of these findings can help identify children that are more likely to experience episodes of depression and develop types of treatment that such children are likely to respond to. In both children and adults, research shows that genetics, as opposed to environmental factors, exert a greater influence on happiness levels. Personality is not stable over the course of a lifetime, but it changes much more quickly during childhood, so personality constructs in ...
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Country of Origin / Heritage: There are many differences between Hispanics, depending upon the persons country of origin or heritage. Personality Adjectives!! Learn useful Adjectives that Describe Personality and Character in English through examples illustrated with pictures. 115 Spanish Words to Describe Character and Personality. 137 Spanish Personality Adjectives - Print and hand out this list to your students to use a reference or study aid during the lesson. List of Personality Traits(In Alphabetical Order) 1. Find Learn Spanish Resource All Levels 0 - BEGINNER A1 - ELEMENTARY A2 - LOWER INTERMEDIATE B1 - INTERMEDIATE B2 - UPPER INTERMEDIATE C1 - ADVANCED C2 - PROFICIENCY Level All types Vocab list Function Grammar Point Parallel texts Comments Flashcards Misc Type of resource quieto - quieta; quietos - quietas; loud, noisy. and describe behavior, physical characteristics or personality traits. Adjectives are used to describe (or modify) nouns or pronouns. Practitioners should not rely ...
Based on the vocations of Medieval Times, This survey states Beyond the specific title, the vocation also took on its own greater personality. This personality preference can also give a broader understanding of the basic complementary style and types necessary to the kingdoms survival, or perhaps any organizations success. Although the specific vocation influenced the name, it was no accident that certain personality types and styles gravitated to certain occupations. The personality of these jobs suited the inclinations of the job holders, and the predecessor to modern day job descriptions was born. The successful matching of a job-holders personality to the personality and unique requirements of the job was necessary to the kingdoms survival, or perhaps any organizations success. The successful kingdoms were able to blend the differences into a powerful and formidable entity ...
Introduction. Personality and motivation In this assignment, I will be talking about the many different theories that attempt to explain where your personality comes from and how it can change you as a person. It will also link this with where motivation comes from. Personality is defined as a persons attributes made up of physical, mental, emotional and social characteristics. Motivation is described as an incentive to complete a task. There are some theories of personality that suggest that you develop your personality from birth, which stay with you through childhood and into adulthood, whereas others say that you develop your personality throughout your life through experiences you encounter. This is known as the nature vs nurture debate. The nature side of this debate argues that you are born with your own unique personality which doesnt change through your life, similar to your genes. One example of this is the trait theory. The trait theory suggests that your personality is made up of a ...
Strong longitudinal evidence exists that psychological distress is associated with a high morbidity and mortality risk in type 2 diabetes. Little is known about the biological and behavioral mechanisms that may explain this association. Moreover, the role of personality traits in these associations is still unclear. In this paper, we first describe the design of the psychological part of The Maastricht Study that aims to elucidate these mechanisms. Next, we present exploratory results on the prevalence of depression, anxiety and personality traits in type 2 diabetes. Finally, we briefly discuss the importance of these findings for clinical research and practice. We measured psychological distress and depression using the MINI diagnostic interview, the PHQ-9 and GAD-7 questionnaires in the first 864 participants of The Maastricht Study, a large, population-based cohort study. Personality traits were measured by the DS14 and Big Five personality questionnaires. Type 2 diabetes was assessed by an oral
This course is an introduction to the study of personality &38212; consistencies in peoples thoughts, feelings, and behavior over time and across situations. Topics will include personality assessment and development; biological and situational influences on personality; emotion and motivation; identity and the self; personality, gender, and culture; psychological adjustment; and clinical disorders of personality. The course will focus on current empirical research and modern theories of personality. Evaluation will be based on multiple-choice and short essay exams, brief written assignments, and participation in discussion sections.. ...
Men with neurotic personality traits are having fewer children compared to previous generations, according to a new study published in the European Journal of Personality. The study examined the effect of personality on how ...
Torrent EPUB SNAP!: Change Your Personality in 30 Days By Gary Small, Gigi Vorgan PDF Download and online reading may begin. EPUB SNAP!: Change Your Personality in 30 Days By Gary Small, Gigi Vorgan PDF Download You will be able to download it easily. Novels - upcoming SNAP!: Change Your Personality in 30 Days EPUB PDF Download Read Gary Small, Gigi Vorgan. New eBook was published downloads zip EPUB SNAP!: Change Your Personality in 30 Days By Gary Small, Gigi Vorgan PDF Download Audio Download, Unabridged. Reviews in epub, pdf and mobi formats. Best book torrent sites Download it here and read it on your Kindle device. Publication Date of this book PDF SNAP!: Change Your Personality in 30 Days by Gary Small, Gigi Vorgan EPUB Download.. Available in epub, pdf and mobi format EPUB SNAP!: Change Your Personality in 30 Days By Gary Small, Gigi Vorgan PDF Download, reviewed by readers. New PDF SNAP!: Change Your Personality in 30 Days by Gary Small, Gigi Vorgan EPUB Download - Downloading to Kindle ...
In conclusion, we believe we made it clear that the true extent of sex differences in human personality has been consistently underestimated. While our current estimate represents a substantial improvement on the existing literature, we urge researchers to replicate this type of analysis with other datasets and different personality measures. An especially critical task will be to compare self-reported personality with observer ratings and other, more objective evaluation methods. Of course, the methodological guidelines presented in this paper can and should be applied to domains of individual differences other than personality, including vocational interests, cognitive abilities, creativity, and so forth. Moreover, the pattern of global sex differences in these domains may help elucidate the meaning and generality of the broad dimension of individual differences known as masculinity-femininity [11]. In this way, it will be possible to build a solid foundation for the scientific study of ...
The notion of online anonymity is based on the assumption that on the Internet the means of identification are limited to network and system identifiers, which do not directly relate to the identity of the user. Personality traits as a form of identity have recently been explored. A myriad of relationships between the Internet and human personality traits have been examined based on correlation and regression of media usage specific to selected media platforms, such as social networking sites. In these studies, the link between humans and the Internet based on interests and disposition was studied. However, the paradigm of the existence of a platform-independent digital fingerprint of personality trait is yet to be explored. This paradigm considers the Internet an extension of human daily communication that is capable of exhibiting a digital behavioural signature. Therefore, in this study, using client-server interaction as the fundamental unit of online communication, the probability of a digital
The phenotypic structure of personality traits has been well described, but it has not yet been explained causally. Behavior genetic covariance analyses can identify the underlying causes of phenotypic structure; previous behavior genetic research has suggested that the effects from both genetic and nonshared environmental influences mirror the phenotype. However, nonshared environmental effects are usually estimated as a residual term that may also include systematic bias, such as that introduced by implicit personality theory. To reduce that bias, we supplemented data from Canadian and German twin studies with cross-observer correlations on the Revised NEO Personality Inventory. The hypothesized five-factor structure was found in both the phenotypic and genetic/familial covariances. When the residual covariance was decomposed into true nonshared environmental influences and method bias, only the latter showed the five-factor structure. True nonshared environmental influences are not structured ...
Potentiation of serotonergic transmission increases cognitive flexibility, but can in other circumstances increase sensitivity to stressful environmental cues. The personality trait Openness to Experience reflects and is also associated with an increased risk for mood disorders. We hypothesized that the personality trait has an association with a biomarker of serotonergic transmission, the plasma membrane serotonin transporter (5-HTT). In 50 healthy volunteers, we tested for correlations between scores on the NEO-PI-R scale Openness to Experience and its subscales, and cerebral binding of the 5-HTT selective PET radioligand [11C]DASB. Subjects were genotyped for the 5-HTT long/short polymorphism, and for a single nucleotide polymorphism in the long allele, designated LA/LG. Midbrain [11C]DASB binding correlated negatively with scores for Openness to Experience and its two subscales, Openness to Actions and Openness to Values. The latter subscore was negatively correlated with [11C]DASB binding in all
Platelet alpha-sub-2-adrenergic receptor binding to -3H-yohimbine and personality variations in normals ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Covariance structure of neuroticism and agreeableness. T2 - A twin and molecular genetic analysis of the role of the serotonin transporter gene. AU - Jang, Kerry L.. AU - Livesley, W. John. AU - Riemann, Rainer. AU - Vernon, Philip A.. AU - Hu, Stella. AU - Andou, Jyukou. AU - Ando, Juko. AU - Ono, Yutaka. AU - Hamer, Dean H.. PY - 2001/8. Y1 - 2001/8. N2 - The Revised NEO Personality Inventory domains of Neuroticism and Agreeableness are considered factorially distinct despite several intercorrelations between these domains. The genetic correlation, an index of the degree to which these intercorrelations are caused by genetic influences, was estimated using data from 913 monozygotic and 562 dizygotic volunteer twin pairs from Canada, Germany, and Japan. The serotonin transporter gene, 5-HTTLPR, was assayed in a sample of 388 nontwin sibling pairs from the United States to determine the contribution of the serotonin transporter locus to the covariation between the Neuroticism and ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Polymorphisms in ABLIM1 are associated with personality traits and alcohol dependence.. AU - Wang, Ke Sheng. AU - Liu, Xuefeng. AU - Aragam, Nagesh. AU - Mullersman, Jerald E.. AU - Jian, Xueqiu. AU - Pan, Yue. AU - Liu, Yali. PY - 2012/2. Y1 - 2012/2. N2 - Personality traits like novelty seeking (NS), harm avoidance (HA), and reward dependence (RD) are known to be moderately heritable (30-60%). These personality traits and their comorbidities, such as alcohol dependence (AD), may share genetic components. We examined 11,120 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) genotyped in 292 nuclear families from the Genetic Analysis Workshop 14, a subset from the Collaborative Study on the Genetics of Alcoholism (COGA). A family-based association analysis was performed using the FBAT program. NS, HA, and RD were treated as quantitative traits and AD as a binary trait. Based on a multivariate association test of three quantitative traits in FBAT, we observed 20 SNPs with p , 10(-3). ...
Describe how Jungs psychodynamic theories affect individual personalities. Please also examine how psychodynamic theories influence interpersonal.
Weisberg, J.N., Paul, C. & Twyner, C. Personality and Personality Disorders in Chronic Pain. In Incayawar, M., Clark, M. & Maldonado-Bouchard, S. (Eds.). Overlapping Pain and Psychiatric Syndromes-Global Perspectives. New York, NY: Oxford University Press. Chronic pain is a significant health care issue at epidemic proportions in the United States1 and there is a high incidence of both clinical psychiatric disorders2,3 and personality disorders (PD) in the chronic pain population.4 This article will briefly summarize some of the important points pertaining to the prevalence and interplay between personality disorders and chronic pain.. Personality and Pain. The relationship between personality and pain can easily be traced to ancient Greece. More recently, in the late 19th century psychodynamic theorists discussed the connection between emotional factors and the experience of chronic pain.5 George Engel maintained that, while physical pain may result from underlying pathophysiology, the ...
In modern psychology, there are many definitions of the concept of personality. However, in such medical disciplines as psychotherapy, psychological correction, psychological diagnostics, personality terminology is widely used from the perspective of the psychology of relationships created by psychiatrists and psychologists A. F. Lazursky and V. N. Myaschischev, according to which this term is interpreted as system or a set of relations to the surrounding world, primarily the social, as well as to itself.. The basis of the personality is the character, which is determined by the hereditary predisposition, however, it is finally formed under the influence of education and can be distorted by the adverse effects of various factors (from chronic mental trauma to the individual to organic brain lesions).. Premorbid personality types. A premorbid personality type determines its basic traits, the type of character until the moment the mental disorder occurred. This type is described from the words ...
One of the major contributions of recent personality psychology is the finding that traits are related to each other in an organized hierarchy. To date, however, researchers have yet to investigate this hierarchy in nonhuman primates. Such investigations are critical in confirming the cross-species nature of trait personality helping to illuminate personality as neurobiologically-based and evolutionarily-derived dimensions of primate disposition. Investigations of potential genetic polymorphisms associated with hierarchical models of personality among nonhuman primates represent a critical first step. The current study examined the hierarchical structure of chimpanzee personality as well as sex-specific associations with a polymorphism in the promoter region of the vasopressin V1a receptor gene (AVPR1A), a gene associated with dispositional traits, among 174 chimpanzees. Results confirmed a hierarchical structure of personality across species and, despite differences in early rearing experiences,
The Definition And Determinants Of Personality Psychology Essay Better operation of organizations associate with different individuals, how they work and performance can influence the running of organization. Because different individuals have their own knowledge, experience, perception, skill and characteristic that just as the important resources to the organization. There are many notions of personality from different literatures; however there is no specific one to define it. According to IAN BROOKS, personality refers to specific attributes include hidden or open factor and which may also determine either general or differences in behavior in organizations (IAN, 2009).. Determinants of personality. There are many factors determine the personality which from external and internal aspects. Nonetheless the determinants of personality can consist of four types, this show in the below chart:. Biological factors include three points: heredity, brain and physical features. First one is heredity, ...
Big Five personality traits and alcohol, nicotine, cannabis, and gambling disorder comorbidity In summary. In a recent study published by the American Psychological Association researchers determined that addictive disorders, like cannabis use disorder, are associated with neuroticism, low agreeableness, and low conscientiousness. Neuroticism, agreeableness, and conscientiousness are some of the Big Five personality traits, which was the taxonomy chosen by the researchers to examine possible personality underpinnings of addictive behavior and comorbidity. As all three of the traits were equally associated with substance use disorders they may explain the co-occurrence of addictive behaviors but these traits also may more broadly associate the propensity to develop any psychiatric disorder. Further research is needed to fully elucidate the relationship between neuroticism, agreeableness, and conscientiousness for substance use disorders as the research may lead to the development of better ...
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The Five-Factor Nonverbal Personality Questionnaire assesses respondents for Extraversion, Agreeableness, Conscientiousness, Neuroticism, and Openness to Experience in counseling, research and business settings.
This paper explores the power of personality traits both as predictors and as causes of academic and economic success, health, and criminal activity. Measured personality is interpreted as a construct derived from an economic model of preferences, constraints, and information. Evidence is reviewed about the situational specificity of personality traits and preferences. An extreme version of the situationist view claims that there are no stable personality traits or preference parameters that persons carry across different situations. Those who hold this view claim that personality psychology has little relevance for economics. The biological and evolutionary origins of personality traits are explored. Personality measurement systems and relationships among the measures used by psychologi ...
In Personality Plus, Florence Littauer gives you valuable insight for appreciating your one-of-a-kind, God-given personality. She includes a Personality Profile test that reveals how your unique blend of traits affects your emotions, work performance, and relationships. Through humorous anecdotes and straightforward counsel, Personality Plus guides you to improve upon your strengths and correct your weaknesses. Personality Plus / Revised - eBook (9781441200075) by Florence Littauer
The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between sensory processing sensitivity, personality dimensions and mental health. In a sample of University of Mohaghegh Ardabili students. One hundred and eighty students were included in this study. All participants were asked to complete the highly sensitive person scale, NEO-five factor inventory and general health…
Downloadable! This paper uses data from the German Socio-economic Panel Study to examine the relationship between psychological traits, in particular personality, and the formation and dissolution of marital and cohabiting partnerships. Changing patterns of selection into and out of relationships indicate that the determinants of marital surplus have altered between older cohorts who were born in the years after World War II and younger cohorts born in the 1960s. For younger cohorts, relationships between personality traits and the probability of marriage are identical for men and women, which is consistent with returns to marriage that are based on joint consumption. Tastes for marital public goods are negatively related to openness to experience (a desire for change and variety) and positively related to conscientiousness for both men and women. Selection into marriage is associated with distinctly different personality profiles for older men and older women, suggesting that gender-specialized
INTP personality types are logical, analytical and adaptable, with the ability to respond to new opportunities as they come along.
The survey asked people about their happiness and satisfaction with aspects of their life. It also asked about their physical and mental health and about their personalities, among other things. Rosenman and his colleagues analyzed the data to see how personality and gender affected the way people coped with becoming ill. The researchers found that women with one of two distinct personality types are less affected by mental illness than all other personality types. The first personality type, high levels of agreeableness, experience high quality relationships in their lives. The second type, women with low levels of conscientiousness, have little need for achievement, order or persistence. Rosenman said women with high agreeableness likely have better social networks and therefore more support for coping with mental illness. Women with low levels of conscientiousness are more apt to feel out of control on a daily basis, so they likely dont see any impact from a mental illness, he said. They ...
This paper integrates two contradictory predictions from the schema incongruity theory: a linear versus an inverted-U relationship between brand-extension incongruity and evaluation. It suggests two personality variables, namely, need for cognition and need for change that moderate the relationship. The major proposition that the relationship would be linear for individuals low in both personality dimensions and inverted-U for those high on both was supported by the data obtained through a questionnaire study. The highest evaluation was obtained for the moderately incongruent extension compared to the congruent and extremely incongruent brand extensions of an established brand for individuals high on both personality dimensions. Four innovative behaviour types identified on the basis of a combination of high and low categories of participants on the two personality dimensions also provided similar results. Theoretical and practical implications of the findings, limitations of the present study, ...
Depression treatment is often initially sought from primary care physicians. To explore the influence of physician personality on depression assessments. Secondary analysis of data collected in a rand
In this exploratory study, we investigated whether and to what extent individual differences in cognitive and personality variables are associated with spoken idiom comprehension in context. Language unimpaired participants were enrolled in a cross-modal lexical decision study in which semantically ambiguous Italian idioms (i.e., strings with both a literal and an idiomatic interpretation as, for instance, break the ice), predictable or unpredictable before the string offset, were embedded in idiom-biasing contexts. To explore the contributions of different cognitive and personality components, participants also completed a series of tests respectively assessing general speed, inhibitory control, short-term and working memory, cognitive flexibility, crystallized and fluid intelligence, and personality. Stepwise regression analyses revealed that online idiom comprehension was associated with the participants working memory, inhibitory control and crystallized verbal intelligence, an association ...
The role of childrens personality traits in the consumption of potentially obesogenic foods was investigated in a sample of Norwegian children aged 6-12 years (N=327, 170 boys, 157 girls). Mothers rated their childs personality on the traits of the Five Factor Model (i.e., extraversion, benevolenc …
Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI)-derived psychopathology subtypes among former prisoners of war (POWs): replication and ...
Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) was designed to help identify personal, social, and behavioral problems in psychiatric patients.
Why is the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory [MMPI]) significant and how does it impact the development of psychological testing in the 21st.
personality tests, such as the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI), might be more sensitive to reflectsubclinical personality and be more state-dependent in an individuals lifetime, so they are good scales to predict thepsychological distress regarding certain states. The aim of this study was to identify the specific pattern between body mass index(BMI) and psychological distress using the objective personality test. We investigated BMI and the Korean Military MultiphasicPersonality Inventory (MPI). A retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted with 19-yr-old examinees who were admittedto the Military Manpower Administration in Korea from February 2007 to January 2010. Of 1,088,107 examinees, we enrolled771,408 subjects who were psychologically apparent healthy possible-military-service groups. Afterwards, we reviewed andanalyzed directly measured BMI and MPI results. In terms of the validity scales, the faking-good subscale showed an invertedU-shaped association, and ...
The present study was an attempt to examine the relationship between personality variables and neuropsychological deficits in chronic schizophrenic subjects. The groups were composed of 73 chronic schizophrenic subjects with measureable cortical atrophy on CAT-Scan and 118 chronic schizophrenic subjects without identifiable brain damage. The relationship between neuropsychological deficit and personality variables was tested by means of discriminant analysis. As hypothesized, the brain-damaged group was found to have a stronger relationship between the neuropsychological deficits and the personality variables than the nonbrain-damaged group. Canonical correlation was used to demonstrate the underlying neuropsychological pattern which was found related to the personality profile of the MMPI for the entire sample of chronic schizophrenics. A frontal and anterior temporal lobe neuropsychological profile was found related to a particular personality profile.
The co-morbidity of mental illness with personality disorder is a controversial topic, made difficult by disagreement over diagnosis and the fundamentals of personality structure. However, there would appear to be four possible points of view:. 1Personality disorder and mental illness cannot exist simultaneously. This position perhaps provides the weakest argument, with little empirical evidence. However, the process of medical diagnosis perhaps implies that each is mutually exclusive.. 2 All mentally ill people have a personality disorder. This may have some validity, as there is increasing evidence that those people with a mental illness may have a biological vulnerability, which may include some personal characteristics. However, the evidence for this position seems to suggest that those personality differences are not of a severity to enable a diagnosis of personality disorder.. 3 Some personality disordered people will develop mental illness but that each can occur separately. This view is ...
Worksheet : How To Know Your Character Type. How To Determine Your Personality Type A Or B. How To Determine Your Childs Personality Type. How To Know Your Blood Type Personality. How To Know Your Personality Type Distribution. How To Know Your Personality Type.
It is possible that a norepinephrine transporter (NET) gene polymorphism is involved in the reward dependence-related personality trait. Although all previous research findings are based on Cloningers model, it is thought necessary to examine the relationship between NET gene polymorphisms and the personality dimension of reward dependence, as assessed by not only Cloningers model but also various other personality assessments, such as the five-factor model. In this study, we examined the relationship between three NET gene polymorphisms (1287G/A, -182T/C, and -3081A/T) and NEO-FFI, which is one of the self-report questionnaires based on the five-factor model of personality. The genotype and allele frequencies of the NET gene polymorphisms observed in this study were consistent with the genotype [1287G/A: χ2 (2)=0.695, p=0.707; -182T/C: χ2 (2)=2.274, p=0.321] and allele [1287 G/A: χ2 (1)=0.061, p=0.805; -182T/C: χ2 (1)=1.029, p=0.310] frequencies observed in the HapMap ...
Women undergo physiological and psychological changes during pregnancy, labor and lactation. The psychological adaptations can be affective, cognitive and behavioral and can be measured by dimensional personality instruments. This study aims to compare (1) the personality profile in mothers after birth with a normative group of non-lactating women and to examine (2) whether the personality profile differs 2 days, 2 months and 6 months after birth between mothers who have been exposed to epidural anesthesia, oxytocin administration or neither. Sixty-nine primiparae were assigned to four groups: mothers having received oxytocin infusion during labor (OT iv group, n=9), mothers having received epidural analgesia with/without oxytocin infusion (EDA group, n=23), mothers having received 10 iU oxytocin intramuscularly after birth (OT im group, n=15) and mothers having received none of these treatments (unmedicated group, n=22). At 2 days and 2 and 6 months postpartum mothers completed the Karolinska ...
Background: Type D personality has been proposed as a prognostic indicator for mortality in cardiovascular disease. Most research examining this construct originates from one research group, and it is critical that the predictive value of Type D personality for adverse outcomes is independently cross-validated. This study examined its prognostic value in heart failure, relative to B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and depressive symptoms. Methods: We studied 706 patients with complete BNP, depressive symptom, and Type D personality and mortality data from 958 patients with heart failure enrolled after hospitalization for a multisite study of a disease management program. Multivariable models were adjusted for BNP and depression. Results: At 18 months, there were 192 deaths (27.2%). No evidence was found for a prognostic value of Type D personality in the unadjusted model (hazard ratio [HR] = 0.893, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.582-1.370). In contrast, BNP was significantly predictive of ...
All wolves have individual personalities just like people do and no two are alike. Personalities develop through an individuals unique emotions and thoughts resulting in different behaviors and are influenced by both ones genetic make-up and the type of things one is exposed to in the living environment. Genetically, different personalities have evolved and persist because, given various environmental conditions, some traits are more advantageous than others at any given time - traits that could help ensure ones particular survival. We can make some generalities when it comes to describing the wolf personality just like one could do for the entire human species, such as imaginative, intelligent etc. After that, we must take into account the individual differences. Lets talk about both - the generalities and some documented individual personalities of the wolf.. In The Wolf: The Ecology and Behavior of an Endangered Species, by David Mech, it is written that the strongest impression wolves ...
All wolves have individual personalities just like people do and no two are alike. Personalities develop through an individuals unique emotions and thoughts resulting in different behaviors and are influenced by both ones genetic make-up and the type of things one is exposed to in the living environment. Genetically, different personalities have evolved and persist because, given various environmental conditions, some traits are more advantageous than others at any given time - traits that could help ensure ones particular survival. We can make some generalities when it comes to describing the wolf personality just like one could do for the entire human species, such as imaginative, intelligent etc. After that, we must take into account the individual differences. Lets talk about both - the generalities and some documented individual personalities of the wolf.. In The Wolf: The Ecology and Behavior of an Endangered Species, by David Mech, it is written that the strongest impression wolves ...
This study investigated relationships between hostility, Zuckermans sensation seeking, and Eysenck and Eysencks personality scales within a prison population, to explore whether they could be conceptualized in terms of two socialized and unsocialized sensation seeking factors. Participants included 79 incarcerated adult male offenders (age range = 18- 62). Findings support the distinction between socialized and unsocialized sensation seeking and suggest that these factors represent more overarching personality factors. Psychoticism was a clear marker of the more broad impulsive, unsocialized sensation seeking factor, rather than representing a supertrait in its own right. This factor was also represented by lie, disinhibition, and boredom susceptibility scales. Findings relating to hostility also supported such a reformulation, as unsocialized scales did cluster together to predict the unsocialized hostility factor, whereas unsocialized scales did not. The results demonstrate the need for a ...
There havent been many studies conducted into the intersection of musical preference and personality, as most research in the field has focused on how music (particularly heavy metal and rap) may influence behaviour (see the Heavy Metal and Rap Music pages for more information on this). However, there has been some fascinating research conducted in recent years linking musical tastes to certain personality traits, which Ive summarized below. These are, of course, only tendencies. Although the average fan of a particular genre may be more or less likely to have certain traits, there will always be plenty of individuals who dont fit the prototype.. The Link Between Music Preference and Personality. An ongoing study undertaken by Adrian North of Heriot-Watt University (2008), the largest and most comprehensive of its kind, has generated a number of interesting findings regarding personality traits and musical preferences. The following table indicates which traits have been associated with ...
article{4415776, abstract = {Research on the applicability of the five factor model (FFM) to capture personality pathology coincided with the development of a FFM personality disorder (PD) count technique, which has been validated in adolescent, young, and middle-aged samples. This study extends the literature by validating this technique in an older sample. Five alternative FFM PD counts based upon the Revised NEO Personality Inventory (NEO PI-R) are computed and evaluated in terms of both convergent and divergent validity with the Assessment of DSM-IV Personality Disorders Questionnaire (shortly ADP-IV; DSM-IV, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders - Fourth edition). For the best working count for each PD normative data are presented, from which cut-off scores are derived. The validity of these cut-offs and their usefulness as a screening tool is tested against both a categorical (i.e., the DSM-IV - Text Revision), and a dimensional (i.e., the Dimensional Assessment of ...
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INTRODUCTION: Research has suggested an association between personality factors and awareness in patients with dementia, yet valid measurement of premorbid personality is problematic. The present study aimed to better reveal the relationship between premorbid personality and awareness by using improved methodology. Moreover, the study aims to contrast the strength of the relationship of premorbid personality and awareness with that of cognitive factors. METHODS: Awareness of illness, symptoms, mnemonic and behavioural impairments, and treatment compliance were measured in 27 patients with mild-to-moderate Alzheimers disease (AD) diagnosed by standard criteria for probable AD. Participant premorbid personality was measured using average retrospective Neuroticism-Extroversion-Openness Inventory (NEO-FFI) scores from two informants. Correlations were performed to investigate the relationship between awareness and personality dimensions, as well as measures of cognitive style, neuropsychological function,
Among-individual behavioral differences (i.e. animal personality) are commonly observed across taxa, although the underlying, causal mechanisms of such differences are poorly understood. Animal personality has been correlated with physiological functions as well as fitness-related traits. Variation in many aspects of monoamine systems, such as metabolite levels and gene polymorphisms, has been linked to behavioral variation. Therefore, here we experimentally investigated the potential role of monoamines in explaining individual variation in personality, using two common pharmaceuticals that respectively alter the levels of serotonin and dopamine in the brain: fluoxetine and ropinirole. We exposed three-spined sticklebacks, a species that shows animal personality, to either chemical alone or to a combination of the two chemicals, for 18 days. During the experiment, fish were assayed at four time points for the following personality traits: exploration, boldness, aggression and sociability. To ...
[Exploring human personality focused mainly on trait and state markers of behaviour so far. Nevertheless, the concept of the universal, culture-independent model of personality carries more disturbing difficulties: hardly understandable inter-cultural conflicts, culture-related mental disorders and scientific experiences with unexpected outcomes. It can be hypothesized, that beside personality concept represented by the Euro-Atlantic civilisation and mainstream psychology there is an alternative concept of personality. Opposed to the independent, autonomous ego concept of individualistic cultures, collectivistic (primarily far-eastern) cultures are providing an interdependent model. According to this model, the core element of personality are determined rather by social embedding instead of the persons own characteristics, which are secondary to the personal traits and characteristics. This study attempts to briefly outline the concept of interdependent personality, with some illustrative clinical
Personality traits and anxiety disorder symptoms often overlap with each other. This is probably why many people are shocked when they come to know that their personality traits are actually symptoms of an anxiety disorder. It isnt that all the personality traits that are connected to the anxiety disorder are bad or negative. For instance, […]
The Structured Clinical Interview for the DSM-5 Alternative Model for Personality Disorders (SCID-5-AMPD) meets a timely need. The Alternative Model for Personality Disorders in DSM-5 has ushered in a consensus and an upswing in research that has shifted from a categorical diagnosis of personality disorders toward a dimensional approach. Before now, no interview-based procedure has been available for applying the Alternative Model. Expertly designed, the Structured Clinical Interview for the DSM-5 Alternative Model for Personality Disorders (SCID-5-AMPD) is a semistructured diagnostic interview that guides clear assessment of the defining components of personality pathology as presented in the DSM-5 Alternative Model. The modular format of the SCID-5-AMPD allows the researcher or clinician to focus on those aspects of the Alternative Model of most interest. Module I: Structured Clinical Interview for the Level of Personality Functioning Scale is devoted to the linchpin of dimensional ...
The Structured Clinical Interview for the DSM-5 Alternative Model for Personality Disorders (SCID-5-AMPD) meets a timely need. The Alternative Model for Personality Disorders in DSM-5 has ushered in a consensus and an upswing in research that has shifted from a categorical diagnosis of personality disorders toward a dimensional approach. Before now, no interview-based procedure has been available for applying the Alternative Model. Expertly designed, the Structured Clinical Interview for the DSM-5 Alternative Model for Personality Disorders (SCID-5-AMPD) is a semistructured diagnostic interview that guides clear assessment of the defining components of personality pathology as presented in the DSM-5 Alternative Model. The modular format of the SCID-5-AMPD allows the researcher or clinician to focus on those aspects of the Alternative Model of most interest. Module I: Structured Clinical Interview for the Level of Personality Functioning Scale is devoted to the linchpin of dimensional ...
The books introduction provides the theoretical basis for the examination of gendered personalities-masculine and feminine traits-and political attitudes and behavior. It takes the reader through the psychological and political science literature related to this topic, providing a foundation for the books overall theory that gendered personalities affect individuals politics in multiple ways. Masculine personalities are aggressive, individualistic, and dominant, while feminine personalities are warm, compassionate, and gentle. These personalities translate directly into US politics. Among other things, our political parties are gendered in both their issues and images-Democrats are the feminine party and Republicans are the masculine one. This books intuitive argument is that individuals masculine and feminine personality traits should affect their political attitudes and party preferences similarly to the gendered nature of our political world-for example, masculinity should contribute to a
This study systematically reviewed the evidence for personality as a correlate of body image. Electronic databases and reference lists were searched in May 2016 for studies reporting an association between at least one dimension of personality and at least one component of negative body image. Twenty-six studies (33 discrete samples) met inclusion criteria. Sixteen samples were coded as medium-high quality. The results indicated that negative body image was associated with higher levels of Neuroticism and lower levels of Extraversion. Agreeableness was not related to body image, and findings for Conscientiousness and Openness were indeterminate. After taking study quality into account, negative body image was also associated with lower levels of Conscientiousness. Neuroticism was associated with negative body image in both women and men. Sex moderation effects for Extraversion, Openness, and Conscientiousness were indeterminate. Large-sample, prospective studies of personality and body image are
Benefits of using personality ratings. A good personality assessment can help managers understand what interpersonal skills and behavioral interrogation questions should pay attention to during the interview.. Get an insight into the candidates: Employees and candidates have a wide range of skills, abilities and work styles. These differences are not always apparent in curriculum vitae or in an interview, so personality evaluations can provide another tool to understand what the candidate is offering and how they will be integrated into their work culture.. Development and Recognition Tools: Personality Assessments help you understand the values, motivations and preferences of your employees and help you know what they need from you as an employer to remain committed.. Enhance Culture: Personality test for employment can be used to enhance the organizations culture by understanding the communication styles, leadership styles, learning styles, and the level of introvert or extroversion of each ...
Curriculum Design and Instruction to Teach Human Personality: The Public Personality: Frustration And Danger: Author: Charles Hayes.
A report in the October issue of the Archives of General Psychiatry suggests that people who are more conscientious are less likely to develop Alzheimers disease. Conscientiousness refers to a persons tendency to control their impulses, be goal-directed and be reliable. Over a 12-year period researchers from Rush University Medical School studied 997 older Catholic nuns, priests and monks none of whom had Alzheimers at the start of the study. Their conscientiousness was assessed by a questionnaire and those who were most conscientous had an 89% lower risk of developing Alzheimers than those who were least conscientious. However, conscientiousness did not affect the tangles and plaques in the brain associated with the condition. The researchers thought that conscientiousness might be linked to educational or occupational success, both of which reduce the incidence of Alzheimers, and that conscientiousness improved peoples resilience and ability to cope with difficulties. Conscientiousness ...
Personality Disorders and the Five-factor Model of Personality 2E - Paul T. Costa - American Psychiatric Association APA - 9781557988263 - Kitap
This personality type has a strong sense of achievement and momentum and will often forgo immediate gratification in favour of long term goals. If youre an ENTJ personality type youll probably prefer a strategy when it comes to playing online competitions, rather than simply picking random lucky numbers and hoping that luck is on your side. When choosing an online competition youll want to look at each factor and make a careful decision. ENTJ personalities like to take everything into consideration when picking an online competition. Which online competition games to play? All Draw Bonanza competition bundle.. How should I play online competitions? Play for smaller wins and use those winnings to fund future competition plays. Build up your winnings slowly.. What can I do to win more? Find an online competition with the best winnings odds, dont pay too much attention to the value of the prizes. The Ultimate Bundle has entries in all 10 of the worlds riches lotto competition games, each with ...
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This investigation explored the contribution of extracurricular sport and screen time viewing (television viewing and electronic gaming) to personality trait stability and change during childhood. Two independent samples of 3,956 young children (age 6) and 3,862 older children (age 10) were taken from the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children. Parent-reported child sport participation, screen time, and personality traits were measured at baseline and again 24 months later. Young children who were more active recorded more of a decrease in introversion, less of a decrease in persistence, and less of an increase in reactivity, than those who were less active. Older children who were more active recorded less of an increase in introversion and more of an increase in persistence than those who were less active. In addition, young children who continued participation in extracurricular sport had greater intra-individual stability of personality for introversion. These finding suggest that an active
Canadian scientists say they have completed a study that links personality, survival and reproductive success in male bighorn sheep.. The researchers, led by University of Quebec at Montreal Professor Denis Reale, said their findings not only advance the knowledge of bighorn sheep, but also offer insight into personality differences in animals and humans from an evolutionary perspective.. Since 1969, several teams of researchers have been studying a population of bighorn sheep in Alberta, Canada. Reale and his colleagues focused on data concerning the animals personality. Initially, the team identified the rams in terms of boldness and docility. They then conducted paternity tests to determine which rams were reproducing.. The study showed, as expected, young males that manage to reproduce are the boldest and most combative. However, in exchange for sexual precocity and risk-taking, the study showed those rams often die younger than their more docile peers. The latter, instead, invest in the ...
Personality Assessor features free personality tests and relationship quizzes with instant, accurate results and feedback on your personality. Every assessment on Personality Assessor is designed by real social-personality psychologists at major universities!
A personality disorder is a condition related to an individuals personality. Until recently, an altered or unbalanced personality was not considered a mental health issue or considered treatable. However, personality disorders are now recognised as lying within the spectrum of mental health disorders and are amenable to treatment.
Playback tests were conducted between 09.00 and 15.00. Loudspeakers were placed near the centre of a males home range as determined by the radio-tracking data. Each playback session had two phases: a lure phase and an interactive phase. Songs were broadcast by Yamaha NX-U10 loudspeakers connected to a digital player (Creative Zen), allowing an interactive playback mode by playing songs stored as wav files separately. Songs were broadcast at a sound pressure level of 85 dB SPL at 1 m (Voltcraft digital sound-level meter 322). Each loudspeaker was fixed at a height of 1.5-2 m on the branches of a tree. The lure loudspeaker was placed at 18.4 ± 0.7 m (mean ± s.e.) from the interactive loudspeaker as measured with an infrared device (Leica Rangemaster CRF 800). One loudspeaker was used for the lure playback and the other loudspeaker was used for the interactive playback. We used two loudspeakers to standardize the distance between the subject and the interactive playback speaker. A lure song and ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Additive and nonadditive genetic variation in avian personality traits. AU - Van Oers, K.. AU - Drent, P.J.. AU - de Jong, G.. AU - Van Noordwijk, A.J.. N1 - Reporting year: 2004 Metis note: 3219; CTE; PVD ; AnE; file:///L:/Endnotedatabases/NIOOPUB/pdfs/Pdfs2004/VanOers_ea_3219.pdf. PY - 2004. Y1 - 2004. N2 - Individuals of all vertebrate species differ consistently in their reactions to mildly stressful challenges. These typical reactions, described as personalities or coping strategies, have a clear genetic basis, but the structure of their inheritance in natural populations is almost unknown. We carried out a quantitative genetic analysis of two personality traits (exploration and boldness) and the combination of these two traits (early exploratory behaviour). This study was carried out on the lines resulting from a two-directional artificial selection experiment on early exploratory behaviour (EEB) of great tits (Parus major) originating from a wild population. In analyses ...
Narcissism is one of the concepts that has been always taken interest and still discussed in psychology. It is considered as the plague of the present age by some experts and defined as the selfish personality structure in which people see themselves superior to other people and use others for their own interests. The predominance of this personality trait may pose a risk in some professions. It can be predicted that people with this personality trait will make both themselves and the groups they serve unhappy particularly in occupational groups which do not suitable for selfish personality structure and where individuals are expected to have such characteristics as sacrifice, selfcommitment or empathy. The aim of this thesis was to investigate the relationship between narcissistic personality traits and career choice among university students and to investigate the factors affecting this relationship. The study included a total of 394 students 235 females and 159 males studying in different ...
Previous evidence shows a reliable association between psychosis-prone (especially schizotypal) personality traits and performance on dopamine (DA)-sensitive tasks (e.g., prepulse inhibition and antisaccade). Here, we used blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) fMRI and an established procedural learning (PL) task to examine the dopaminergic basis of two aspects of psychosis-proneness (specific schizotypy and general psychoticism). Thirty healthy participants (final N = 26) underwent fMRI during a blocked, periodic sequence-learning task which, in previous studies, has been shown to reveal impaired performance in schizophrenia patients given drugs blocking the DA D2 receptor subtype (DRD2), and to correspond with manipulation of DA activity and elicit fronto-striatal-cerebellar activity in healthy people. Psychosis-proneness was indexed by the Psychoticism (P) scale of the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire-Revised (EPQ-R; 1991) and the Schizotypal Personality Scale (STA; 1984). EPQ-R Extraversion ...
This research aimed to assess the relationships between five personality traits and transformational leadership on adaptive performance among management and professional officers. As Malaysia currently with the 10th Malaysia Plan to achieve Malaysia Vision 2020 as a high income nation with high performance workers through the Government Transformation Program (GTP), Malaysian leaders should be able to change to adapt in new situation in order to have high performance in their job as well as lead their subordinate to have high performance as well. The instruments that employed in this research were International Personality Item Pool (IPIP), Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire (MLQ), as well as adaptive performance (Pulakos et al., 2000). The questionnaires for the three tests have been translated into Malay version in order to measure the five personality traits, transformational leadership, and adaptive performance. The data was collected among the fifty seven management and professional ...
This scale determines varying levels of introversion and extraversion. Along with introversion and extraversion the inventory also measures openness, conscientiousness, agreeableness, and neuroticism. The mini-marker asks participants to rate themselves according to 40 different measures (e.g. creative, extraverted, philosophical, and sloppy) using a Likert scale from 1 to 9, with 1 being extremely inaccurate and 9being extremely accurate. Although the mini-marker is a shortened version (about half the personality measures) of the NEO-5 factor, Saucier (1994) determined that it was representative of the full 100 trait NEO-5 factor inventory. The mini-marker was developed on behalf of many people who appreciated the fact that it was shorter and more efficient; however, Saucier (1994) stresses that because of the smaller version it may create lower reliabilities ...
Rates of depression and anxiety among young people in America have been increasing steadily for the past 50 to 70 years. Today, by at least some estimates, five to eight times as many high school and college students meet the criteria for diagnosis of major depression and/or anxiety disorder as was true half a century or more ago. This increased psychopathology is not the result of changed diagnostic criteria; it holds even when the measures and criteria are constant. article continues after advertisement The most recent evidence for the sharp generational rise in young peoples depression, anxiety, and other mental disorders comes from a just-released study headed by Jean Twenge at San Diego State University.[1] Twenge and her colleagues took advantage of the fact that the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI), a questionnaire used to assess a variety of mental disorders, has been given to large samples of college students throughout the United States going as far back as 1938, and ...
"Personality". Affenpinscher Club of America. Archived from the original on 27 December 2013. Retrieved 15 February 2014. Dog ... The affenpinscher has a terrier-like personality. Affenpinschers are somewhat territorial when it comes to their toys and food ...
Saroglou, V. (2002). "Religion and the five factors of personality: A meta-analytic review". Personality and Individual ... and relation to the five factor model of personality". Journal of Personality. 68 (1): 153-97. doi:10.1111/1467-6494.t01-1- ... Emmons argued that spiritual strivings foster personality integration because they exist at a higher level of the personality. ... Burger, Jerry (2007). Personality. Stamford, CT, US: Cengage Learning. pp. 122-123. ISBN 978-0-495-09786-0. Retrieved 10 ...
"Buddhist Channel , Personality". "ASEAN NOW formerly Thai Visa Forum". Lopez 2016, p. 61. Robinson, Johnson & Ṭhānissaro ...
Personality ". 1998 - First UN Prize in the Sustainable Development of the World nomination. Tony Zhuravel's works are held in ...
Personality. Volodymyr Troshkin: shuttle run (ЛИЧНОСТЬ: Владимир ТРОШКИН: ЧЕЛНОЧНАЯ РАБОТА). Sport-Ekspress. Profile (in ...
Personality. Oxford, GB: Blackwell, 1976. Harré, H. Rom, ed. Life sentences. Chichester, UK: Wylie, 1976. Harré, H. Rom, ed. ... 1991). Social Selves: Theories of the Social Formation of Personality. London: SAGE Publications, 55, 65-66 Hall, D., "The ... Blackwell Dictionary of Social and Personality Psychology. Blackwell, 1986. Harré, H. Rom, ed. The physical sciences since ...
Personality magazine said the album "alternates between sheer poetic brilliance and intellectual nonsense." "Plan for Peace" 03 ... "You cannot judge an album by its cover". Weekly Mail (1-7 December 1989). Nel, Michelle (4 June 1990). Personality. {{cite ...
"Personality". Kashmir Life. 25 March 2013. "Miss Sakina Itoo (JKNC):Constituency- Noorabad (Kulgam) - Affidavit Information of ...
... or adult personality (e.g.the Big Five personality traits). Scientists seeking evidence of a biological basis of personality ... "Temperament , personality". Steiner, Rudolf (1909). "The Four Temperaments: Lecture in Berlin". Retrieved 2009-04-21. Steiner, ... Mary K. Rothbart views temperament as the individual personality differences in infants and young children that are present ... ISBN 1-4134-7028-9. Diamond, S. (1957). Personality and temperament New York: Harper Kagan J. Galen's prophecy: temperament in ...
"Personality". The News. Adelaide. 23 August 1949. p. 5. Retrieved 16 January 2016 - via National Library of Australia. (CS1: ...
"Personality". The News (Adelaide). Vol. 53, no. 8, 130. South Australia. 26 August 1949. p. 5. Retrieved 28 February 2022 - via ...
Personality. ISBN 978-1-112-31066-9. Plutarch (1892) [c.100]. Jevons, Frank Byron (ed.). Plutarch's Romane Questions. based on ...
"Personality:; 'New Kid' to Lead Manufacturers Hanover", The New York Times, July 5, 1970. Accessed January 8, 2009. Dash, Eric ...
"Personality , Monk on a mission". Retrieved 22 August 2015.[1] Harrison, Anne-Marie (17 December 2014 ...
"Correspondent , Writer , Personality". Sydney Sadick. Retrieved 2019-04-30. Barton, Jonathan (2018-12-02). "Press Feature: ...
Burger, Jerry (2007). Personality. Stamford, CT, United States: Cengage Learning. pp. 122-123. ISBN 978-0-495-09786-0. ...
Personality; Snap Judgment; He Said, She Said (with then-husband Greg Mullavey); Tattletales (also with Mullavey); Hollywood ...
Personality. Views. Conditions of Activity"). Neither has been translated but both have been reprinted and are still available ...
Personality. One study found no consequential associations between personality and fertility, with tested traits including ...
She attended UCLA.[citation needed] Asner is known as a long-time E! personality. During her peak with the network, she hosted ... television personality, and model. Asner was born Julie Ann White in Tempe, Arizona. At the age of 16, she was discovered at a ... American television personalities, Novelists from Arizona, Female models from Arizona, University of California, Los Angeles ...
Donahue, J.J. (2020). Zeigler-Hill, V.; Shackelford, T.K. (eds.). "Fight-Flight-Freeze System". Encyclopedia of Personality and ... Personality and Individual Differences. 27 (1): 155-170. doi:10.1016/S0191-8869(98)00229-3. Carthy, T; Horesh N; Apter A; Edge ... Personality. 71 (6): 1171-1196. doi:10.1111/1467-6494.7106011. PMID 14633062. Reid, Sophie C.; Salmon, Karen; Peter F. Lovibond ...
"Personality". Theatricalia. Archived from the original on 8 February 2008. Retrieved 14 April 2007. Mellor, Roger. "London Town ...
"Personality . . ". Newcastle Morning Herald and Miners' Advocate. New South Wales, Australia. 30 December 1949. p. 2. Retrieved ...
Personality". "Inside the Zen Mind of Michael Imperioli". 3 September 2020. (Webarchive template wayback links, CS1 Italian- ...
Personality magazine said the album "alternates between sheer poetic brilliance and intellectual nonsense." The first three ... "You cannot judge an album by its cover". Weekly Mail (1-7 December 1989). Nel, Michelle (4 June 1990). Personality. {{cite ...
Personality. History. St Petersburg : Russian Institute of Art History, 2014, P. 260-74. 120. Benjamin Britten in the left ... 4. P. 200-1. High tragedy of personality and being. In: Muzykal'naya akademiya. 2005. No. 3. P. 51-4. From the history of IMS. ... In: Feinberg Evgeny Lvovich: Personality through the prism of memory / under total. ed. by V. L. Ginzburg. Moscow: FIZMATLIT, ...
Personality). - Index . - Bibliography .: p. 360-381 .- ISBN 978-5-903354-85-6. My life in the USSR (Russian: "Время совка") / ...
It was attended by notable personalities from both Africa and the Diaspora including Lord Paul Boateng of Akyem and Wembley, ... "Aburi Girls' Senior High School , Personality". Retrieved 26 April 2016. "Fidelity Bank , Board of Directors ...
Reviving his 1951 personality theory, McClelland and his colleagues at McBer and Company intensified competency research on ... The major themes of David McClelland's work were on personality and the application of that knowledge to helping people make ... Smith, C.P., with Atkinson, J.W., McClelland, D.C., and Veroff, J. (eds.) (1992). Motivation and Personality: Handbook of ... McClelland, D.C. (1984). Motives, Personality, and Society: Selected Papers. New York: Praeger. McClelland, D.C. (1987). Human ...
Personality. Agency. Gillen and McKelvie weren't setting out to replicate the mistakes that are made with female sex symbols. ...
The benefits of oak aging have been appreciated far longer than theyve been understood, as its only since the 1970s-80s that detailed research has enabled science to supplant, or confirm, what experience had indicated. However, while maturation can account for up to 60-70 per cent of a malts final character, this is such a complex process that its still not fully understood. Maturation can be divided into three elements: subtractive, additive and interactive, which occur simultaneously although at differing rates. Subtractive maturation deals with the loss of immaturity, while additive maturation sees the oak endowing the spirit with colour and character.Interactive maturation refers to the complex reactions occurring between the spirit and the oak (including evaporation and oxidation), which yield an additional range of characteristics that neither possess individually."Maturation is all about integration, taking components in new make spirit and marrying those flavours with the types of ...
... Tue Jan 17, 2023 at 8:23pm ET. By Shannon Sullivan ... Paris Jackson showed her playful personality with an amusing share that featured her guitar collection. Pic credit: © ...
Up-to-date documentation for the latest stable version of Moodle is likely available here: Questionnaire Personality test. ... A personality test is a tool that attempts to measure a persons social interaction skills and patterns of behavior. (US legal ...
There are many types of personality disorders. Read more. ... People with personality disorders have trouble dealing with ... Paranoid personality disorder (Medical Encyclopedia) Also in Spanish * Personality disorders (Medical Encyclopedia) Also in ... Antisocial personality disorder (Medical Encyclopedia) Also in Spanish * Avoidant personality disorder (Medical Encyclopedia) ... Borderline personality disorder (Medical Encyclopedia) Also in Spanish * Dependent personality disorder (Medical Encyclopedia) ...
Survey: Employers prioritize personality over skill. The firm Hyper Island asked 500 business leaders what they look for in an ...
... its about personality, too. Learn more at HowStuffWorks Now. ... What Does Your Playlist Say About Your Personality?. By: ... In fact, a recent research paper published in the journal Social Psychological and Personality Science says that personality ... The results gave researchers a glimpse into each participants personality. The researchers then compared the personality ... HowStuffWorks Now: Your Personality Shapes Your Musical Tastes HowStuffWorks Your musical tastes are closely tied to your ...
It belongs to the subset of cluster B personality disorders, which are those marked by an intense degree of drama and ... ... is 1 of the 10 clinically recognized personality disorders listed in the American Psychiatric Associations Diagnostic and ... which also include antisocial personality disorder (ASPD), borderline personality disorder (BPD), and histrionic personality ... Narcissistic personality disorder (NPD) is 1 of the 4 cluster B personality disorders, ...
In personality pathology, dimensional models of personality disorders (also known as the dimensional approach to personality ... disorders, dimensional classification, and dimensional assessments) conceptualize personality disorders as quantitatively ...
The Personality Profile Lectures. Personality Profiles are derived from Lines of the IChing, and reveal the Roles we are each ... Line 6 - The Role Model Personality. The Role Model Personality represents the change agent of the 6 Profiles. Discover how the ... Line 2 - The Hermit Personality. The Hermit Personality represents the "Natural" of the 6 Profiles. Discover how the archetypal ... Line 3 - The Martyr Personality. The Martyr Personality represents the Anarchist of the 6 Profiles. Discover how the archetypal ...
... shows that everyone has one of sixteen different personality ... Then examine the personality of each salesperson in the company ... The salespeople in a company cant ask customers to take a 90+ question personality inventory. But sales opportunities can be ... The now highly popular Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) shows that everyone has one of sixteen different personality types. ... The now highly popular Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) shows that everyone has one of sixteen different personality types. ...
Instead, Im talking about something that is not readily observable, and that is somebodys personality. Personality is a ... A: No, personality is how we are naturally hard-wired, and it is resistant to change. But what can change are the actions and ... A: We are all born with certain personality traits. These are our natural "default settings" that are our urges and impulses ... A: Well, the first thing is to understand what type of personality they have. If they are naturally reckless, then the ...
WebMD illustrates the personalities of several canine companions that will compliment your lifestyle. Whether you have ... can have a huge effect on a dogs health and personality. A particular breed of dog may be known for docility and quietness, ...
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Podcast Pioneer Forms Publishing House For New Media Personalities Aug 26th, 2009 , By James Lewin , Category: Audio Podcasting ... PODCAST PIONEER FORMS PUBLISHING HOUSE FOR NEW MEDIA PERSONALITIES , Open Society Book Club Discussions and Reviews. says: ... No Responses to "Podcast Pioneer Forms Publishing House For New Media Personalities". ... a publishing house created to produce books and other properties for established online personalities. ...
Although adopting these personality traits will help you in the long run, its likely you already possess them if youre ... What does it mean to be a successful entrepreneur? Is it being a born go-getter? Is it having an extroverted personality? Is it ... However, there are a few key personality traits that all (or almost all) successful entrepreneurs have in common. ... I believe passion is easily the most significant personality trait any successful entrepreneur has, and for obvious reasons. ...
Personality traits are enduring patterns of perceiving, relating to, and thinking about the environment and oneself. When they ... Borderline Personality Disorder Tied to Longer Time to MDD Remission * Diagnostic Criterion May Hide Borderline Personality ... Nasiri H, Abedi A, Ebrahimi A, Ameli SS, Samouei R. Personality profile of women affected with borderline personality disorder ... encoded search term (Borderline Personality Disorder) and Borderline Personality Disorder What to Read Next on Medscape ...
Read medical definition of Antisocial personality
Does personality disorder change and, if so, what changes? What is the long-term course of different personality disorders? ... A brief note on the Theory of Personality and the various ways in which normal personality is construed. ... The epidemiology of personality disorder, its co-morbidity with other Axis 1 mental disorders and why it is important for the ... Are there any pharmacological or psychological treatments for Personality Disorder that really work? ...
Personality defined Your personality is like the painting on the canvas. It is what you have built on top of your temperament. ... M. Is my temperament my personality? Or the other way round? Whats the difference? Temperament is the canvas, personality is ... Other factors that shape personality Just as no one is only one temperament or an exact blend of two types, there are a ... I really need help to help her & us..... I am looking for actual strategies on how to deal with this personality in a child, ...
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Predicting peoples driving personality. News - 18 November 2019 - Communication A team of researchers from MIT and TU Delft ... By modeling driving personalities and incorporating the models into the decision making modules of robot cars using the SVO, ... have been exploring whether self-driving cars can be programmed to classify the social personalities of other drivers, so that ... Press release MIT CSAIL: Video: ...
The Politics and Personality of Chryslers Baron. Jeff Riggenbach , From the June/July 1985 issue. ... Iacocca emerges from the pages of his book not only as a rather authoritarian personality but also as an astonishingly ... This article originally appeared in print under the headline The Politics and Personality of Chryslers Baron. ... for the public typically judges individuals by their personalities, without bothering to look more deeply into their character ...
May 20, 2021 · Gemini is the third sign of the zodiac and is represented by the twins. People born under Gemini have a decent reputation for being emotionally strong, articulate and sociable. The feared, fame and beloved twin of the sign, Geminis are all about accepting the twofold nature of humans and a joy to be around. ...
This copy is for your personal, non-commercial use only. Distribution and use of this material are governed by our Subscriber Agreement and by copyright law. For non-personal use or to order multiple copies, please contact Dow Jones Reprints at 1-800-843-0008 or visit ...
Harry Teinowitz, one half of The Afternoon Saloon on ESPN 1000 in Chicago, has been charged with driving while under the influence in Skokie, Ill. The 50-year-old Teinowitz was pulled over last Friday at 11:50 p.m. by Skokie police. Teinowitzs blood-alcohol level was at .131 percent, higher than the standard .08 in the state of Illinois. His drivers license was ...
Type a personality definition at, a free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation. Look it ... Words nearby type A personality. typal, type, type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, Type A, type A personality, Type B, typebar, ... And, especially when it comes to the middle, personality counts.. Why This Liberal Hearts Huckabee,Sally Kohn,January 6, 2015, ... However, on reaching Spain, the magic of the Emperors personality soon restored the vigour and prestige of the French arms. ...
  • Personality disorders are a group of mental illnesses. (
  • People with personality disorders have trouble dealing with everyday stresses and problems. (
  • The cause of personality disorders is unknown. (
  • People with personality disorders may have trouble realizing that they have a problem. (
  • Narcissistic personality disorder (NPD) is 1 of the 4 cluster B personality disorders, which also include antisocial personality disorder (ASPD), borderline personality disorder (BPD), and histrionic personality disorder (HPD). (
  • It is therefore important to be aware of the salient differences among the cluster B personality disorders. (
  • It is therefore important to ascertain the exact nature and duration of the symptoms, keeping in mind that personality disorders are associated with long-standing, chronic patterns of behavior rather than isolated episodes of transient pathology. (
  • Personality disorders in a Dutch forensic psychiatric sample: convergence of interview and self-report measures. (
  • In personality pathology, dimensional models of personality disorders (also known as the dimensional approach to personality disorders, dimensional classification, and dimensional assessments) conceptualize personality disorders as quantitatively rather than. (
  • This is a one day course aimed at General Adult Psychiatrists to equip them with the resources to manage patients with personality disorders. (
  • The epidemiology of personality disorder, its co-morbidity with other Axis 1 mental disorders and why it is important for the general psychiatrist. (
  • What is the long-term course of different personality disorders? (
  • are many cases that can be found in psychological records for multiple personality disorders also, known as dissociative identity disorder. (
  • Do Personality Disorders Ever "Go Away? (
  • Do symptoms of personality disorders change over time? (
  • Personality disorders involve long term, problematic behaviors that typically are first exhibited during adolescence and cause marked distress and impairment. (
  • These professionals may also be tasked with the assessment, diagnosis, and treatment of personality disorders. (
  • Despite its demonstrated empirical superiority over the DSM-5 Section 2 categorical model of personality disorders for organizing the features of personality pathology, limitations remain with regard to the translation of the DSM-5 Section 3 alternative model of personality disorders (AMPD) to clinical practice. (
  • Fast Five Quiz: Personality Disorders - Medscape - Jan 09, 2019. (
  • Although the most common etiologies for personality disorders are multifactorial, these conditions may also be secondary to biologic, developmental, or genetic abnormalities. (
  • Indeed, personality disorders are aggravated by stressors, external or self-induced. (
  • The model has been used to describe the different accepted types of personality disorders. (
  • Most current research suggests that personality disorders may be differentiated by their interactions among the 5 dimensions rather than differences on any single dimension. (
  • Personality disorders are also seen with diminished monoamine oxidase (MAO) and serotonin levels. (
  • However, the relationships of anatomy, receptors, and neurotransmitters to personality disorders are purely speculative at this point. (
  • The origin of personality disorders is a matter of considerable controversy. (
  • Knowing the personality characteristics of patients with headache and how they cope with stigma associated with headache disorders may help inform treatment options, Dr. McCrea told Medscape Medical News . (
  • Borderline and other personality disorders]. (
  • Personality disorders are prevalent and increase the risk of a range of serious dental problems. (
  • The diagnosis is made by evaluation by experienced clinicians and by administration of SCID-5 (Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-5 personality disorders). (
  • Borderline personality disorder is characterised by a pervasive pattern of instability in affect regulation, impulse control, interpersonal relationships, and self-image. (
  • In contrast to borderline personality disorder (BPD) in adulthood, BPD in childhood has not been consistently and clearly categorized. (
  • Borderline personality disorder is a specific type of personality disorder characterized by impulsivity and marked instability involving interpersonal relationships, self image , and mood. (
  • In a recently published study, John Gunderson and colleagues reported that overt symptoms of borderline personality disorder substantially decreased over a 10 year period. (
  • In addition to behavioral symptoms, however, borderline personality disorder is associated with substantial psychosocial and interpersonal impairment involving marriage , work, friends, etc. (
  • Consistent with this, Read Montague and colleagues have found that individuals with borderline personality disorder have significant problems with how they process information when relating to others, particularly with maintaining interpersonal cooperation and correcting defects in cooperation when it breaks down during social interactions. (
  • NATIONAL HARBOR, Maryland - A significant proportion of patients who suffer from chronic pain also have features of borderline personality disorder (BPD), new research shows. (
  • If we treat the borderline personality disorder and address the psychiatric needs as well as the pain needs of the patient, then we will be able to treat their pain more successfully," Cao said. (
  • Cite this: Borderline Personality Disorder Common in Chronic Pain Patients - Medscape - Mar 02, 2020. (
  • What is Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD)? (
  • De borderline- en andere persoonlijkheidsstoornissen. (
  • The largest problems in the therapeutic relationship are encountered in patients with severe (borderline) personality disorder , often attributable to a history of (early) childhood emotional neglect and traumatization. (
  • The aim of the trial is to evaluate the effectiveness of interpersonal group psychotherapy in patients with Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) on the main symptom clusters of the disorder, anxiety and depressive symptoms, global functioning and quality of life. (
  • To assess the effectiveness of interpersonal group psychotherapy in patients with Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD). (
  • The symptoms of each personality disorder are different. (
  • Akhtar S, Thomson JA Jr. Overview: narcissistic personality disorder. (
  • Ronningstam E. Narcissistic Personality Disorder: Facing DSM-V. Psychiatric Annals . (
  • Rebecca J. Frey, Ph.D. Narcissistic Personality Disorder. (
  • Available at . (
  • Does personality disorder change and, if so, what changes? (
  • Are there any pharmacological or psychological treatments for Personality Disorder that really work? (
  • What is Paranoid Personality Disorder? (
  • Paranoid personality disorder, or PPD, is a psychiatric condition in which a person is very suspicious and distrustful of others. (
  • Multiple Personality Disorder One particular disorder in the medical field called Multiple Personality Disorder, has caused controversy between those who believe it is real and those who think it is purely part of an individual's imagination. (
  • Multiple Personality Disorder is characterized by the existence of two or more distinct alters or personality states that persistently have control over a person. (
  • Dissociative Identity, formerly known as multiple personality disorder, is a condition in which an individual has a host personality along with at least two or more personalities with each identity having his or her own ideas, memories, thoughts and way of doing things (Bennick). (
  • nbsp;Multiple Personality Disorder (MPD), which is now called Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID), is a Dissociative Disorder. (
  • This disorder is when a person has two or more distinct personalities that often control the person's behavior. (
  • Dissociated identity disorder is when a person has two or more distinct identities, or personality states, that take control of them. (
  • dissociative identity disorder or the popular multiple personality disorder (MPD). (
  • similar long-term outcomes, including ongoing psychosocial dysfunction, were described over 50 years ago by Lee Robins in her classic work on individuals with antisocial personality disorder. (
  • the toughest problem he faces is neither the state's financial woes nor the Capitol's political dysfunction: It's California's dual-personality disorder. (
  • Learn more about what personality is, the theories surrounding its development, how personality is tested, and what it means to have a personality disorder. (
  • Learn about Masochistic Personality Disorder, self-destructive, masochistic behaviors and what turns a person into a masochist. (
  • The Masochistic personality disorder made its last appearance in the DSM III-TR and was removed from the DSM IV and from its text revision, the DSM IV-TR. (
  • Although no psychiatric medications are specifically approved for the treatment of narcissistic personality disorder, patients often benefit from the use of such medications to help alleviate certain symptoms associated with this disorder or to manage concomitant axis I diagnoses. (
  • SSRIs, such as citalopram, may be used to treat depressive symptoms in adult patients with narcissistic personality disorder. (
  • This Fast Five Quiz was excerpted and adapted from the Medscape Drugs & Diseases article Narcissistic Personality Disorder . (
  • Fast Five Quiz: Narcissistic Personality Disorder - Medscape - Jan 10, 2020. (
  • Most of them present multiplicity strictly in terms of multiple personality disorder, dissociative identity disorder, or MPD/DID -- which is not our view. (
  • A framework for treating DSM-5 alternative model for personality disorder features. (
  • A personality disorder, as defined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of the American Psychiatric Association, Fifth Edition ( DSM-5 ) is an enduring pattern of inner experience and behavior that differs markedly from the expectations of the individual's culture, is pervasive and inflexible, has an onset in adolescence or early adulthood, is stable over time, and leads to distress or impairment. (
  • Stressful situations may often result in decompensation, revealing a previously unrecognized personality disorder. (
  • Individuals may have more than 1 personality disorder. (
  • In patients with personality disorder, abnormalities may be seen in the frontal, temporal, and parietal lobes. (
  • A genetic contribution to paranoid traits and a possible genetic link between this personality disorder and schizophrenia exist. (
  • There may also be developmental or acquired abnormalities in the prefrontal brain systems and reduced autonomic activity in antisocial personality disorder. (
  • This may underlie the low arousal, poor fear conditioning, and decision-making deficits described in antisocial personality disorder. (
  • People with this disorder also experience changes in personality and a decline in thinking and reasoning abilities. (
  • 09:58, 3 December 2013 ‎ Joseph Rézeau talk contribs ‎ 1,155 bytes +1,155 ‎ Created page with "{{Questionnaire}} ==Overview== ===Definition=== A personality test is a tool that attempts to measure a person's social interaction skills and patterns of behavior. (
  • The behavior that results from our stove-top settings can adapt to circumstance, and our five personality factors can be nudged over time. (
  • This paper approaches, in exploratory way, the use of a Segmentation system by Personality Features to understand the differences of behavior of the Brazilians regarding the acquisition of private pension funds. (
  • Personality encompasses all of the thoughts, behavior patterns, and social attitudes that impact how we view ourselves and what we believe about others and the world around us. (
  • The moderating role of gender in relationships of stressors and personality with counterproductive work behavior. (
  • and personality and behavior changes. (
  • Ask your friends to take the personality quiz too and give you honest feedback about your personality! (
  • Just take the personality quiz, find your personality type and then discover the best and worst careers for your type! (
  • Auto Personality Quiz Vehicles. (
  • No, I am here at the "Auto Personality Quiz" because I want to know which vehicle is appropriate for my individuality, my style and my remarkable qualities. (
  • werewolf personality quiz! (
  • it is honestly the best werewolf personality quiz i have found yet. (
  • This page summarizes crowd sourced ratings of their personality collected from users of the Statistical "Which Character" Personality Quiz . (
  • Q. Is this personality quiz really free? (
  • The Personality Quiz Report consolidates the personality outcomes of the Players who have participated. (
  • You will see "All personality quiz results" in the dropdown. (
  • The report shows the list of Players who have participated in the Personality Quiz Topic, as well as their personality quiz results. (
  • Those who hold this view claim that personality psychology has little relevance for economics. (
  • Personality Psychology and Economics, " (with A. Duckworth, M. Almlund and T. Kautz). (
  • Includes 7 videos relevant to an introduction to theories of personality (general psychology level of understanding). (
  • Their conclusions were published in the APA's Journal of Personality and Social Psychology . (
  • What Is Personality Psychology? (
  • Personality psychology is the study of how personality develops. (
  • One of the largest and most popular psychology branches , researchers in this area also strive to better understand how personality influences our thoughts and behaviors. (
  • To get a sense of how researchers study personality psychology, it will be helpful to learn more about some of the most influential personality theories. (
  • In fact, a recent research paper published in the journal Social Psychological and Personality Science says that personality appears to play a more important role in the types of music you enjoy than your gender, age, socioeconomic status or cultural background. (
  • Based on the classic 16 personalities psychological tests by Katharine Cook Briggs, Isabel Briggs Myers and the theories of the psychologist Carl Jung. (
  • People with personality traits of high neuroticism and low conscientiousness are likely to go through cycles of gaining and losing weight throughout their lives, according to an examination of 50 years of data in a study published by the American Psychological Association . (
  • Psychological assessment for type-D personality may be helpful in developing health care plans. (
  • The research focus of our unit is on personality development, psychosocial aspects of partner choice, musical emotions and abilities, temperament, humor, and test development. (
  • The researchers wanted to see how a person's preference for certain traits in Western music correspond with different personality types. (
  • The results gave researchers a glimpse into each participant's personality. (
  • The researchers then compared the personality results with the findings from the music samples. (
  • Recently a team of researchers from TU Delft and the MIT's Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (CSAIL), have been exploring whether self-driving cars can be programmed to classify the social personalities of other drivers, so that they can better predict what different cars will do - and, therefore, be able to drive more safely among them. (
  • The researchers, from the National Institute on Ageing, looked at data from a longitudinal study of 1,988 people to determine how personality traits are associated with weight and body mass index . (
  • Researchers estimate that our genes bear only about half the responsibility for our diversity, which supports the old nature/nurture hypothesis: Nature builds our basic personality, and then our environment tinkers with it over the course of our lives. (
  • The researchers discovered the four clusters by using an algorithm to detect patterns in the data from 145,388 peoples' results on a personality test called the International Personality Item Pool. (
  • But in the United States, the pandemic seems to have reversed that personality trajectory , especially among adults under 30, researchers report September 28 in PLOS ONE . (
  • Researchers often assess a person's personality profile along five core traits: neuroticism, conscientiousness, agreeableness, extraversion and openness to experience ( SN: 9/1/21 ). (
  • Even after factoring out expected changes, researchers in the new study observed about a decade's worth of personality change, averaged across all study participants, in just three years - but going in the opposite of the expected direction. (
  • Although there are a range of factors that contribute to high school smoking and drinking, researchers tend to agree that some teens have personality traits that predispose them to these behaviors. (
  • Personality measurement systems and relationships among the measures used by psychologists are examined. (
  • Of course, but everyone from the ancients to modern psychologists find that people can be grouped into four basic types of personality. (
  • But psychologists who study personality can actually predict our general outlook on life by analyzing five factors so readily distinguishable that some can be identified in mice. (
  • Personality psychologists often look at how personality varies from one individual to the next, as well as how it may be similar. (
  • Understanding personality allows psychologists to predict how people will respond to certain situations and the sorts of things they prefer and value. (
  • To learn more about how these personality traits make themselves known in advance, psychologists tracked 1,897 children in 23 Kentucky public schools over the course of four years. (
  • The psychologists focused on three personality traits related to impulsivity - the tendency to act without planning ahead. (
  • This model is termed the 5-factor model, and it has developed a significant amount of acceptance among personality psychologists. (
  • Greg Ford is the co-founder and CEO of TalentClick Workforce Solutions Inc. (, a Vancouver-based Personality Risk Assessment provider, and an adjunct professor at Simon Fraser University. (
  • This messy reality isn't as fun as things like the Myers-Briggs assessment, which purports to divide people into 16 separate personality types. (
  • Specific techniques are discussed for the assessment and treatment of both Criterion A personality dysfunction and Criterion B maladaptive traits. (
  • I believe passion is easily the most significant personality trait any successful entrepreneur has, and for obvious reasons. (
  • The trait theories of personality center on the idea that personality is comprised of broad traits or dispositions. (
  • Today, the "Big Five" theory is perhaps the most popular and widely accepted trait theory of personality. (
  • An individual's personality will fall somewhere on the spectrum for each trait. (
  • People higher in this personality trait are more likely to behave in a rash and uncontrolled way in response to strong positive or negative emotions. (
  • We explored gender mean differences, and the moderating effect of gender on the relationship of personality (agreeableness, conscientiousness, emotional stability, trait anger, and hostile attribution bias) and stressors (interpersonal conflict and organizational constraints) with three forms of CWB (directed toward organizations, directed toward persons, and relational aggression which are acts that damage relationships with other employees). (
  • Little is known about personality trait differences between medical career and specialty choices after graduating from medical school when actually practicing different medical specialties. (
  • Openness was the most consistent personality trait associated with physicians' career choices in terms of employment sector, amount of clinical patient contact, specialty choice and change of specialty. (
  • Personality is a leading indicator that helps predict future behaviors. (
  • Q: So, you mean working with someone to change their personality in order to change their behaviors? (
  • Factors that affect personality include socialization, education, birth order, siblings or lack of siblings, and interpersonal pressures will cause us to adapt and change our behaviors. (
  • Many would argue that what makes you unique is the characteristic patterns of thoughts, feelings, and behaviors that make up your personality . (
  • Personality traits that predispose children to risky behaviors in high school may already be apparent in elementary school, even if the actual smoking and drinking don't come until later. (
  • But it does mean that children with certain personality traits are at higher risk for this behaviors. (
  • An examination of narcissistic personality traits as seen in a military population. (
  • Central traits are those that make up an individual's personality. (
  • Background: Personality influences an individual's adaptation to a specific job or organization. (
  • If you do decide to pay, you pay not only for a more detailed description of said personality types (which almost all other websites charge a way higher price for) but you also get to connect to as many people as you want who may be similar to you in terms of personality and how you view things which no other apps are offering as of yet. (
  • The new study of the traits of more than 1.5 million people suggests that some of these traits tend to cluster together, creating predictable personality types. (
  • Personalities shape how people think, feel and behave. (
  • Thus, chances of a successful outcome of software development increase if people with particular personality types are assigned to their preferred tasks in the project. (
  • The present study examined the association of type-D personality (and its components) with quality of life in cardiac patients compared with healthy people. (
  • A sample of 80 patients with myocardial infarction (MI) and 70 healthy people aged 45-60 years completed the WHO quality of life brief questionnaire and the 14-item type-D personality scale. (
  • A. The Enneagram is a system of personality that describes people in terms of nine personality types , each with its own core motivations, fears and internal dynamics. (
  • That argument aside, one of the most interesting thing for me in realising Thatcher had an authoritarian personality, is realising how many people have the emotional need to follower her. (
  • Research using the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) framework suggests that as a whole, organizations tend to value and reward people with some personality preferences more than they do others. (
  • Having an inclusive approach to people with different personality preferences can help promote diversity and inclusion in other areas too. (
  • People who scored high on the psychasthenia in the personality inventory, so who had higher levels of anxiety, also were rating much higher in terms of their stigma levels," said Dr. McCrea. (
  • In a nationally representative sample of Finnish physicians (N = 2837) we examined how personality traits are associated with medical career choices after graduating from medical school, in terms of employment sector, patient contact, medical specialty and change of specialty. (
  • Results pointed to the advantage of using both interview and objective techniques to assess individuals with antisocial personality symptoms. (
  • His personality type preferences are INFP. (
  • Some are focused on explaining how personality develops, while others are concerned with individual differences in personality. (
  • Such age differences make intuitive sense to personality psychologist Wiebke Bleidorn of the University of Zurich. (
  • It is well-known that women are under-represented in leadership roles in many organizations, but what is less well-known is that this is partially due to personality differences. (
  • Implications: These results suggest that gender differences in overall CWB are rather small, with men engaging in more than women only when they have certain personality characteristics or perceive high levels of job stressors. (
  • For the first time, the proposed study will identify modifiable personality-informed risk factors, resilience characteristics, and mechanisms for maintenance of comorbid conditions, as well as propose, and test, using a proof-of-concept randomized control trial, a system of personality-informed interventions to improve care of vulnerable individuals. (
  • The MMPI contains true-or-false questions related to personality characteristics. (
  • The fulfillment of this role is only possible when the Personality is properly motivated to search for correct information. (
  • El 89,3 % tenía bajo nivel de estrés y 79,3 % nivel intermedio de alteración en salud mental con predominio de bibliographic search, data ansiedad (51,2 %), sobre depresión (8,3 %) en enfermeras y personal de servicios generales entre 21 a 40 años. (
  • The now highly popular Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) shows that everyone has one of sixteen different personality types. (
  • We are all born with certain personality traits. (
  • Join Ra in this discussion investigating the qualities of the 1st Line Personality, and the six different Color Motivations and Not-Self Transferences. (
  • While autonomous technologies have improved substantially, they still ultimately view the drivers around them as obstacles made up of ones and zeros, rather than human beings with specific intentions, motivations and personalities. (
  • All were assessed on what's known as the 'Big Five' personality traits - openness, conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness and neuroticism - as well as on 30 subcategories of these personality traits. (
  • Two personality scales based on the Big-5 Model were used to measure Extraversion and Agreeableness. (
  • Thus, conscientiousness, openness to experience and extraversion are traits that contribute to rational decisions in intertemporal choice in our sample, in that participants with these personality traits are less hyperbolic. (
  • A concise and step-by-step model is presented for clinical decision making with the AMPD, in the hopes of offering clinicians a framework for treating personality pathology and promoting further research on the clinical utility of the AMPD. (
  • El estrés laboral significó un riesgo importante para la presencia de alteraciones de salud mental en trabajadores de salud, durante la pandemia de Coronavirus 2019. (
  • While there is no single agreed-upon definition of personality, it is often thought of as something that arises from within the individual and remains fairly consistent throughout life. (
  • They found that the same personality types gravitate toward music that emphasized the same levels of arousal, valence and depth. (
  • The app then compares both personality types and gives you a compatibility score. (
  • Are These Four Personality Types for Real? (
  • Scientists have discovered four main personality types, but put the brakes on your visions of a Harry Potter-style Sorting Hat. (
  • In other words, the personality types really fall along a continuum, he said. (
  • When you make your foray into the video-directing world, you'll find a few different basic personality types within a band: Directors, Actors and Collaborators. (
  • Influence of Personality Types in Software Tasks Choices" by Luiz Fernando Capretz, Daniel Varona et al. (
  • This work aims to find possible patterns that link personality types to role preferences in a software life cycle. (
  • This free Enneagram personality test will show you which of the 9 personality types suit you best. (
  • See how you score for all 9 Enneagram types , and understand where you fit in the Enneagram personality system. (
  • This free personality test determines your strengths and talents, Based on 16 types of personalities. (
  • You just viewed What is Paranoid Personality... . (
  • Among their other findings: conscientious participants tended to be leaner, and weight did not contribute to changes in personality across adulthood. (
  • Instead, I'm talking about something that is not readily observable, and that is somebody's personality. (
  • Though Kevin (James McAvoy) has evidenced 23 personalities to his trusted psychiatrist, Dr. Fletcher (Betty Buckley), there remains one still submerged who is set to materialize and dominate all the others. (
  • To be truly inclusive, a B Corp (or any organization) needs to consider personality as well as other factors. (
  • Piers Morgan is an English TV personality and journalist. (
  • You might be surprised how well your name reflects your personality, choices in life, success. (
  • General mediators and moderators of tobac o use behaviours from cognitve, motivational, and emotional variables to personality Depending on the context, eva- predictors of behaviour. (
  • Emotional changes, for example personality changes or depression. (
  • For many outcomes, personality measures are just as predictive as cognitive measures, even after controlling for family background and cognition. (
  • Intervention studies, along with studies in biology and neuroscience, establish a causal basis for the observed effect of personality traits on economic and social outcomes. (
  • Interventions that change personality are promising avenues for addressing poverty and disadvantage. (
  • All of these tests were taken in the United States and Great Britain, and all focused on the Big Five personality traits . (
  • More importantly, they'll tell you what your money personality says when it comes to thinking about and using money. (