Pericardial Window Techniques
Pleural Effusion, Malignant
Otitis Media with Effusion
Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted
Exudates and Transudates
Lymphoma, Primary Effusion
Differential diagnostic significance of the paucity of HLA-I antigens on metastatic breast carcinoma cells in effusions. (1/578)Distinction between benign reactive mesothelial cells and metastatic breast adenocarcinoma cells in effusions from patients with a known prior history of breast cancer is not the easiest task in diagnostic pathology. Here, we report the usefulness of testing the expression of class I HLA antigens (HLA A, B, C) in this respect. Cytospins were prepared from effusions of patients without the history of breast cancer (5 cases) and from effusions of patients with infiltrating ductal carcinoma (11 cases). Three effusions from cancerous patients were not malignant cytologically. The expression of HLA-A, B, C, HLA-DR and beta2-microglobulin as well as the macrophage antigen, CD14, was evaluated by immunocytochemistry. In 10 of 11 effusions the cytologically malignant cells expressed very weak or undetectable HLA-A,B,C as compared to the mesothelial cells and macrophages. The paucity of expression of HLA-A, B, C was detectable in those 3 cases where a definitive cytological diagnosis of malignancy could not be established. In contrast, mesothelial cells and macrophages from all samples were uniformly and strongly positive for both HLA-A, B, C and beta2-microglobulin. We conclude that the paucity of HLA-I antigens provides a marker helpful in distinguishing metastatic breast carcinoma cells from reactive mesothelial cells in effusions. (+info)
Isolated primary chylopericardium. (2/578)A 16-year-old man was found to have an enlarged cardiac silhouette. Primary chylopericardium was diagnosed when pericardiocentesis yielded the characteristic milky-white fluid. The thoracic duct was easily identified by giving milk and butter and an injection of ethylene blue immediately before the operation. Intraoperative thoracic ductography showed no abnormal findings. Mass ligation of the thoracic duct above the diaphragm and partial pericardiectomy were successfully performed through a right thoracotomy approach. In addition, many of the lymphatics were ligated above the diaphragm. The right thoracotomy approach was a useful method for resection and ligation of the thoracic duct just above the diaphragm. Follow-up showed no accumulation of pericardial fluid or pleural effusion. (+info)
Recurrent pericardial effusion: the value of polymerase chain reaction in the diagnosis of tuberculosis. (3/578)A 23 year old army man presented with progressive dyspnoea and was found to have a massive pericardial effusion. Despite extensive investigations the cause remained elusive, until samples were sent for polymerase chain reaction (PCR). This case was unusual for several reasons and is a reminder of the atypical way in which tuberculosis infection can present and how a high index of suspicion should be maintained. It shows the importance of molecular biological advances in providing simple and rapid methods for arriving at the correct diagnosis, by way of nucleic acid probes and polymerase chain reaction. (+info)
Chylothorax, chylopericardium and lymphoedema--the presenting features of signet-ring cell carcinoma. (4/578)This report describes a patient with chylous pleural and pericardial effusions in conjunction with severe lymphoedema resembling elephantiasis. The chylous effusions and generalized lymphoedema were associated with a signet-ring cell carcinoma. (+info)
Treatment of malignant pericardial effusion with 32P-colloid. (5/578)Malignant pericardial effusion is usually treated only when signs of cardiac tamponade develop. Several methods of treatment have been reported with an overall response rate of approximately 75%. Since our initial study using intrapericardial 32P-colloid instillation as a treatment modality for pericardial effusion demonstrated a significant higher response rate, this study was conducted to further evaluate the efficacy of intrapericardial 32P-colloid in terms of response rates and duration of remissions. Intrapericardial instillation of 185-370 MBq (5-10 mCi) 32P-colloid in 36 patients with malignant pericardial effusion resulted in a complete remission rate of 94.5% (34 patients) whereas two patients did not respond to treatment due to a foudroyant formation of pericardial fluid. The median duration time was 8 months. No side-effects were observed. These results suggest that intrapericardial instillation of 32P-colloid is a simple, reliable and safe treatment strategy for patients with malignant pericardial effusions. Therefore, since further evidence is provided that 32P-colloid is significantly more effective than external radiation or non-radioactive sclerosing agents, this treatment modality should be considered for the management of malignant pericardial effusion. (+info)
Primary cardiac angiosarcoma associated with cardiac tamponade: case report. (6/578)A 57-year-old male with primary cardiac angiosarcoma was initially admitted for cardiac tamponade. Pericardiocentesis was performed twice preoperatively, but the bloody pericardial fluid was cytologically negative for malignant cells. The tumor in the right atrium was resected during cardiopulmonary bypass. The resected tumor was 5.5x4.5x3.0cm in size and the diagnosis of cardiac angiosarcoma was made histologically. There were no tumor cells in the surgical margin. Unfortunately the patient died 3.5 months after surgery due to multiple recurrence in the pericardium. A suitable therapy for cardiac angiosarcoma is still controversial, but early antemortem diagnosis and more aggressive combined treatment should be considered. (+info)
A case of prominent epicardial fat mimicking a tumor on echocardiography. (7/578)Epicardial fat may anteriorly produce an echo-free space that can be mistaken for pericardial fluid. We recently experienced a 67-year-old woman with prominent epicardial fat which was presented as an echogenic tumor-like mass. She underwent open pericardiostomy to relieve large amount of pericardial effusion. Operative findings revealed only prominent epicardial fat. Biopsy of the pericardial and fat tissues revealed an inflammation and normal fat cells without any malignant cell infiltration. (+info)
Risks of spontaneous injury and extraction of an active fixation pacemaker lead: report of the Accufix Multicenter Clinical Study and Worldwide Registry. (8/578)BACKGROUND: The Telectronics Accufix pacing leads were recalled in November 1994 after 2 deaths and 2 nonfatal injuries were reported. This multicenter clinical study (MCS) of patients with Accufix leads was designed to determine the rate of spontaneous injury related to the J retention wire and results of lead extraction. METHODS AND RESULTS: The MCS included 2589 patients with Accufix atrial pacing leads that were implanted at or who were followed up at 12 medical centers. Patients underwent cinefluoroscopic imaging of their lead every 6 months. The risk of J retention wire fracture was approximately 5.6%/y at 5 years and 4.7%/y at 10 years after implantation. The annual risk of protrusion was 1.5%. A total of 40 spontaneous injuries were reported to a worldwide registry (WWR) that included data from 34 672 patients (34 892 Accufix leads), including pericardial tamponade (n=19), pericardial effusion (n=5), atrial perforation (n=3), J retention wire embolization (n=4), and death (n=6). The risk of injury was 0.02%/y (95% CI, 0.0025 to 0. 072) in the MCS and 0.048%/y (95% CI, 0.035 to 0.067) in the WWR. A total of 5299 leads (13%) have been extracted worldwide. After recall in the WWR, fatal extraction complications occurred in 0.4% of intravascular procedures (16 of 4023), with life-threatening complications in 0.5% (n=21). Extraction complications increased with implant duration, female sex, and J retention wire protrusion. CONCLUSIONS: Accufix pacing leads pose a low, ongoing risk of injury. Extraction is associated with substantially higher risks, and a conservative management approach is indicated for most patients. (+info)
Pericardial effusion is a medical condition characterized by the accumulation of fluid in the pericardial sac, which is a sac-like structure that surrounds the heart. The pericardial sac is filled with a small amount of fluid that helps to lubricate and protect the heart. When there is an excessive amount of fluid in the pericardial sac, it can lead to a condition called pericardial effusion. Pericardial effusion can be caused by a variety of factors, including infections, heart failure, cancer, and autoimmune disorders. Symptoms of pericardial effusion may include chest pain, shortness of breath, coughing, and fatigue. In some cases, pericardial effusion may be asymptomatic and discovered incidentally during a routine medical examination. Diagnosis of pericardial effusion typically involves imaging tests such as echocardiography, computed tomography (CT), or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Treatment for pericardial effusion depends on the underlying cause and may include medications, drainage of the fluid, or surgery.，，，。
Cardiac tamponade is a medical emergency that occurs when excess fluid builds up around the heart, causing the heart to become compressed and unable to pump blood effectively. This can lead to a drop in blood pressure, rapid heart rate, and other serious symptoms. The fluid that builds up around the heart can come from a variety of sources, including bleeding from a heart attack, trauma to the chest, or certain medical conditions such as cancer or connective tissue disorders. When the fluid accumulates, it can put pressure on the heart and interfere with its ability to fill with blood and pump it out to the rest of the body. Treatment for cardiac tamponade typically involves removing the excess fluid from around the heart. This can be done through a procedure called pericardiocentesis, in which a needle is inserted through the chest wall to drain the fluid. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to repair the underlying cause of the fluid buildup or to remove any damaged tissue. Cardiac tamponade is a serious condition that requires prompt medical attention. If you or someone you know is experiencing symptoms such as shortness of breath, chest pain, or rapid heart rate, seek medical help immediately.
Pleural effusion is a medical condition in which excess fluid accumulates between the two layers of tissue that cover the lungs, known as the pleurae. This can cause the lungs to become compressed, making it difficult to breathe and reducing the amount of oxygen that can be taken in by the body. Pleural effusion can be caused by a variety of factors, including infections, heart failure, cancer, and lung diseases such as pneumonia or tuberculosis. Treatment for pleural effusion depends on the underlying cause and may include medications, drainage of the fluid, or surgery.
Pericarditis is a medical condition characterized by inflammation of the pericardium, which is the thin, sac-like membrane that surrounds the heart. The inflammation can cause pain, swelling, and thickening of the pericardium, which can lead to constriction of the heart and interfere with its normal function. Pericarditis can be caused by a variety of factors, including viral or bacterial infections, autoimmune disorders, certain medications, and trauma to the chest. Symptoms of pericarditis may include chest pain that worsens with deep breathing, coughing, or lying down, as well as fever, fatigue, and difficulty swallowing. Diagnosis of pericarditis typically involves a physical examination, blood tests, and imaging studies such as an echocardiogram or chest X-ray. Treatment may include medications to reduce inflammation and pain, as well as lifestyle changes such as rest and a healthy diet. In severe cases, hospitalization may be necessary for intravenous fluids and medications.
Pericarditis, Tuberculous refers to a type of inflammation of the pericardium, the thin sac that surrounds the heart. It is caused by the Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacteria, which is the same bacteria that causes tuberculosis (TB) in other parts of the body. The symptoms of tuberculous pericarditis can include chest pain, difficulty breathing, fever, and fatigue. In some cases, there may be no symptoms at all. Tuberculous pericarditis is typically diagnosed through a combination of medical history, physical examination, and diagnostic tests such as chest X-rays, echocardiography, and cultures of blood or pericardial fluid. Treatment for tuberculous pericarditis typically involves a combination of antibiotics to the bacteria and medications to reduce inflammation. In severe cases, surgery may be necessary to drain excess fluid from the pericardium.
Pleural effusion, malignant refers to the accumulation of fluid in the space between the two layers of the pleura (the thin membranes that cover the lungs) in individuals with cancer. This type of pleural effusion is typically caused by the spread of cancer cells from another part of the body to the pleural space, which can lead to inflammation and the production of excess fluid. Malignant pleural effusions are often associated with advanced stages of cancer, such as lung cancer, breast cancer, or ovarian cancer. They can cause symptoms such as shortness of breath, chest pain, and coughing, and can also lead to complications such as infection or lung collapse. Treatment for malignant pleural effusions may include draining the fluid (thoracentesis) and providing relief from symptoms, as well as treating the underlying cancer with chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or surgery. In some cases, a procedure called pleurodesis may be performed to prevent the fluid from building up again.
Pericarditis, Constrictive is a rare condition in which the pericardium, the sac-like tissue surrounding the heart, becomes thickened and scarred, leading to constriction of the heart's ability to fill and pump blood effectively. This constriction can cause a buildup of fluid around the heart, which can lead to symptoms such as shortness of breath, fatigue, and swelling in the legs and abdomen. Treatment for pericarditis, constrictive may include medications to reduce inflammation and fluid buildup, as well as surgery to remove the thickened pericardium or to create an opening in the sac to allow the heart to expand and pump more effectively.
Heart neoplasms refer to tumors that develop in the heart or its surrounding tissues. These tumors can be either benign or malignant, and they can occur in any part of the heart, including the atria, ventricles, valves, and pericardium. Heart neoplasms are relatively rare, accounting for less than 1% of all cardiac tumors. They can cause a variety of symptoms, depending on their location and size, including chest pain, shortness of breath, palpitations, and fatigue. In some cases, heart neoplasms may not cause any symptoms and are only discovered incidentally during a routine medical examination. Diagnosis of heart neoplasms typically involves a combination of imaging tests, such as echocardiography, computed tomography (CT) scan, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), as well as biopsy to confirm the presence of cancer cells. Treatment options for heart neoplasms depend on the type, size, and location of the tumor, as well as the patient's overall health. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to remove the tumor, while in other cases, radiation therapy or chemotherapy may be used to shrink the tumor or prevent it from growing. In some cases, no treatment may be necessary if the tumor is small and not causing any symptoms.
Otitis Media with Effusion (OME) is a medical condition that occurs when there is a build-up of fluid in the middle ear behind the eardrum. This can cause swelling and inflammation in the middle ear, which can lead to hearing loss, ear pain, and other symptoms. OME is a common condition in children, particularly those under the age of five. It is often caused by a viral or bacterial infection, but can also be caused by allergies or other factors. Treatment for OME depends on the underlying cause and the severity of the symptoms. In some cases, the fluid may resolve on its own without treatment. However, if the fluid persists or causes significant symptoms, treatment may include antibiotics, decongestants, or other medications. In some cases, a procedure called tympanostomy may be necessary to drain the fluid from the middle ear.
Heart injuries refer to any type of damage or trauma that affects the heart or its surrounding structures. These injuries can be caused by a variety of factors, including blunt force trauma, penetration wounds, or sudden cardiac arrest. Some common types of heart injuries include: 1. Contusion: A bruise or contusion on the heart caused by blunt force trauma. 2. Pericardial injury: Damage to the sac that surrounds the heart, which can cause bleeding or inflammation. 3. Cardiac tamponade: A life-threatening condition in which blood or other fluid builds up around the heart, compressing it and preventing it from functioning properly. 4. Myocardial contusion: Damage to the heart muscle caused by blunt force trauma. 5. Cardiac rupture: A tear in the heart muscle or wall, which can cause significant bleeding and be life-threatening. 6. Pericarditis: Inflammation of the pericardium, which can cause chest pain, fever, and other symptoms. 7. Cardiac arrest: A sudden and complete loss of heart function, which can be caused by a variety of factors, including heart attack, electrical disturbances, or sudden cardiac death. Heart injuries can be serious and require prompt medical attention. Treatment may include medications, surgery, or other interventions depending on the severity and type of injury.
Postpericardiotomy syndrome (PPCS) is a condition that occurs after heart surgery, specifically after pericardiotomy, which is the surgical removal of part or all of the pericardium, the sac-like membrane that surrounds the heart. PPCS is characterized by a combination of symptoms, including chest pain, fever, and difficulty breathing. These symptoms can be severe and may require hospitalization and treatment with medications or other interventions. PPCS is a relatively rare complication of pericardiotomy, but it can be serious and may require ongoing management and monitoring.
Chromium compounds are chemical compounds that contain the element chromium. In the medical field, chromium compounds are often used as dietary supplements, as chromium is an essential trace element that plays a role in glucose metabolism and insulin sensitivity. Chromium is found in many foods, including whole grains, meats, and dairy products, but the amount of chromium in these foods can vary widely. Some people may not get enough chromium from their diet, which is why chromium supplements are sometimes recommended for people with diabetes or other conditions that affect glucose metabolism. However, it's important to note that not all chromium supplements are created equal, and some may contain high levels of toxic forms of chromium, such as hexavalent chromium. Therefore, it's important to talk to a healthcare provider before taking any chromium supplements to ensure that they are safe and effective for your individual needs.
Hemangiosarcoma is a rare and aggressive type of cancer that affects the blood vessels. It is a malignant tumor that arises from the endothelial cells lining the blood vessels. Hemangiosarcoma can occur in various parts of the body, including the liver, spleen, heart, and lungs, as well as other organs such as the skin, bones, and lymph nodes. In the liver, hemangiosarcoma is the most common type of primary liver cancer in dogs, but it can also occur in humans. It is usually found in older dogs and is more common in certain breeds, such as Boxers, Doberman Pinschers, and Great Danes. The symptoms of hemangiosarcoma can vary depending on the location of the tumor and the stage of the disease. Common symptoms include abdominal pain, weight loss, anemia, and a rapid heartbeat. In some cases, the tumor may rupture, causing internal bleeding and severe symptoms. Hemangiosarcoma is usually diagnosed through imaging tests such as ultrasound, CT scan, or MRI, and confirmed through a biopsy. Treatment options for hemangiosarcoma include surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy. However, the prognosis for this type of cancer is generally poor, with a median survival time of only a few months.
Diaphragmatic eventration is a medical condition in which a portion of the diaphragm muscle is underdeveloped or absent, leading to a weakened or incomplete contraction of the muscle during breathing. This can result in a decrease in the strength and efficiency of breathing, as well as difficulty in swallowing and speaking. Diaphragmatic eventration can be congenital (present at birth) or acquired (occurring later in life). It can be caused by a variety of factors, including genetic mutations, infections, and injuries. Symptoms of diaphragmatic eventration may include shortness of breath, fatigue, chest pain, and difficulty swallowing or speaking. Diagnosis of diaphragmatic eventration typically involves a physical examination, imaging studies such as X-rays or CT scans, and pulmonary function tests. Treatment options may include medications to improve breathing, physical therapy to strengthen respiratory muscles, and in severe cases, surgery to repair or replace the affected portion of the diaphragm.
Pleural tuberculosis is a type of tuberculosis that affects the pleura, which is the thin layer of tissue that covers the lungs and lines the inside of the chest cavity. It is caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis, which can spread to the pleura from other parts of the body, such as the lungs or lymph nodes. Symptoms of pleural tuberculosis may include chest pain, coughing, fever, and difficulty breathing. In some cases, the pleural fluid may build up and cause a condition called pleural effusion, which can lead to shortness of breath and other complications. Treatment for pleural tuberculosis typically involves a combination of antibiotics to kill the bacteria, as well as supportive care to manage symptoms and prevent complications. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to drain excess fluid from the pleural cavity or to remove infected tissue.
Lymphoma, Primary Effusion is a rare type of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma that primarily affects the body's lymphatic system. It is characterized by the growth of abnormal lymphocytes, which are a type of white blood cell, in the body's lymph nodes, spleen, and other organs. One of the defining features of Primary Effusion Lymphoma is the presence of lymphomatous effusions, which are abnormal accumulations of fluid in the body's cavities, such as the pleural space (around the lungs), peritoneal space (around the abdominal organs), or pericardial space (around the heart). These effusions can be large and can cause symptoms such as shortness of breath, abdominal pain, and swelling. Primary Effusion Lymphoma is typically diagnosed through a combination of physical examination, imaging studies, and a biopsy of the affected tissue. Treatment options for this type of lymphoma include chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and stem cell transplantation. The prognosis for Primary Effusion Lymphoma varies depending on the individual case, but it is generally considered to be a serious and aggressive form of lymphoma.
Pyrantel pamoate is an antihelminthic medication used to treat various types of parasitic infections, including roundworms, hookworms, and whipworms. It works by paralyzing the parasites, allowing the body's immune system to remove them. Pyrantel pamoate is available in oral tablet and suspension forms and is typically given as a single dose. It is generally well-tolerated, but side effects may include nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, and diarrhea. Pyrantel pamoate is not effective against tapeworms or flukes.
Pleurisy is a medical condition characterized by inflammation of the pleura, which is the thin layer of tissue that covers the lungs and lines the inside of the chest cavity. This inflammation can cause the pleura to become thickened, sticky, and inflamed, leading to pain and difficulty breathing. There are two types of pleurisy: viral and bacterial. Viral pleurisy is usually caused by a respiratory virus, such as the flu or COVID-19, and is usually self-limiting. Bacterial pleurisy, on the other hand, is caused by bacteria and requires antibiotics to treat. Symptoms of pleurisy may include chest pain that worsens with deep breathing or coughing, difficulty breathing, fever, and a dry cough. Treatment for pleurisy typically involves pain management, antibiotics if the cause is bacterial, and rest. In severe cases, hospitalization may be necessary.
A diverticulum is a small pouch or sac that bulges out from the wall of a hollow organ, such as the colon, esophagus, or stomach. Diverticula are usually small and asymptomatic, but in some cases, they can become inflamed or infected, leading to diverticulitis. Diverticulosis, which is the presence of one or more diverticula, is a common condition, particularly in older adults. Diverticulitis is a more serious condition that requires medical treatment, including antibiotics and sometimes surgery.
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Cause of pericardial effusion1
- The best means of confirming the presence and diagnosing the cause of pericardial effusion is echocardiography. (pethealthnetwork.com)
- Also noted was a pericardial effusion with mixed density encapsulated by a rim of mild 18 F-FDG uptake, representing a proteinaceous/hemorrhagic component to the effusion and ongoing pericarditis (Figure 1). (acc.org)
- Inflammatory signs and symptoms (such as chest pain, fever, and pericardial friction rub) predict idiopathic pericarditis. (myamericannurse.com)
- On DOL 4, a repeat echo showed a moderate circumferential pericardial effusion with no evidence of cardiac tamponade. (congenitalcardiologytoday.com)
- When this fluid buildup compresses the heart, leading to reduced cardiac output, it is known as pericardial effusion or tamponade. (nysora.com)
- All views can be used to assess pericardial tamponade. (nysora.com)
- It left us wondering what was causing the effusion, yet relieved it hadn't grown larger-until that day 4 years ago when we learned the effusion not only had enlarged but had brought on cardiac tamponade. (myamericannurse.com)
- See How pericardial effusion progresses to cardiac tamponade. (myamericannurse.com)
- If fluid accumulation comes on rapidly or the effusion is large, cardiac tamponade may occur. (myamericannurse.com)
- Tamponade reduces the force of myocardial contractions because fluid trapped in the pericardial space compresses the heart, in turn reducing ventricular filling and causing hemodynamic compromise. (myamericannurse.com)
- About 7% to 10% of patients with pericardial effusions are at risk for cardiac tamponade, which is a medical emergency. (myamericannurse.com)
- Cardiac tamponade is the most severe manifestation of hemodynamic compromise caused by a tense pericardial effusion. (myamericannurse.com)
- Pericardial effusion with tamponade should be considered in any patient with shortness of breath, chest pain or trauma, or an autoimmune, cardiac, or infectious disorder. (myamericannurse.com)
- Pericardial effusion and cardiac tamponade can be diagnosed from the patient history, physical exam, chest X-ray, electrocardiography, and echocardiography. (myamericannurse.com)
- SARS-CoV-2 and Pre-Tamponade Pericardial Effusion. (cdc.gov)
- Increase the participants' knowledge to better perform and/or interpret pericardial effusions and cardiac masses with echocardiography. (usmle.shop)
- This echocardiogram shows a large amount of pericardial effusion (identified by the white arrows). (medscape.com)
- Her investigations included an echocardiogram, which revealed a large pericardial effusion and a subsequent CT-thorax/abdomen/pelvis showing extensive retroperitoneal, pericardial and periaortic inflammation and soft-tissue infiltration. (bmj.com)
- On Day of Life (DOL) 1, an echocardiogram did not show any pericardial effusion. (congenitalcardiologytoday.com)
- By DOL 7, there was no pericardial effusion seen on echocardiogram. (congenitalcardiologytoday.com)
- The ensuing echocardiogram showed a new, small circumferential pericardial effusion. (acc.org)
- A repeat echocardiogram was significant for an evolving pericardial effusion, which now had septations and echo-dense regions that appeared to be complex in nature. (acc.org)
- Moreover, more echo-dense material was noted within the pericardial space, along the right atrium and right ventricle, than was appreciated on the surface echocardiogram (Video 4). (acc.org)
- This included the cardiology team for pericardiocentesis, the cardiac surgical team for pericardiectomy due to recurrent pericardial effusions and finally the haematology team for further specialist treatment with pegylated interferon and consideration of BRAF inhibitor therapy. (bmj.com)
- In an emergency, pericardiocentesis or pericardial window surgery may be required. (myamericannurse.com)
- In pericardiocentesis , fluid is aspirated from the pericardium via a needle inserted just below the breast bone and into the pericardial sac. (myamericannurse.com)
- Pericardiocentesis is a procedure that uses a needle to remove fluid from the pericardial sac. (medlineplus.gov)
- It is most often done to find the cause of a chronic or recurrent pericardial effusion . (medlineplus.gov)
- Minor complications were insignificant pericardial effusions in four, transient myocardial ischemia in two, and loss of the implant in the venous system in one patient. (nih.gov)
- Excess accumulation of pericardial fluid can put pressure on the heart preventing it from filling properly -- causing poor heart function 1 . (pethealthnetwork.com)
- There are several causes of pericardial fluid accumulation or effusion. (pethealthnetwork.com)
- The amount of pericardial fluid needed to impair heart function depends on the fluid accumulation rate and pericardial compliance. (myamericannurse.com)
- Pericardial effusion is most often caused by a neoplastic process and the prognosis is generally unfavorable. (pethealthnetwork.com)
- There is limited data in the literature about the clinical importance and prognosis of pericardial effusion (PE) in patients discharged after recovering from COVID-19, but large-scale studies have yet to be available. (bvsalud.org)
- Garg, P 2010, ' Pericardial effusion - forgotten differential diagnosis of shortness of breath ', Clinical Medicine , vol. 10, no. 5, pp. 519.2-519. (uea.ac.uk)
- Identify the ultrasound findings associated with pericardial disease and cardiac masses. (usmle.shop)
- Chronic idiopathic pericardial effusion is diagnosed when the fluid lasts more than 3 months with no apparent cause. (myamericannurse.com)
- Pericardial diseases. (medlineplus.gov)
- This narrative review describes the main applications of de la ultrasonografía en ultrasound in anesthesia, ultrasound-guided techniques, and current trends in the perioperative anesthetic management of anestesia the surgical patient. (bvsalud.org)
- An examination will give an indication that there is pericardial effusion present. (pethealthnetwork.com)
- Nous avons exa- miné les dossiers de 56 patients ayant eu un diagnostic de fièvre méditerranéenne familiale et suivis au Centre médical Roi Hussein en Jordanie sur une période de 4 ans afin d'étudier leur profil clinique, l'évolution de la maladie, le génotype, le traitement et les complications. (who.int)
- En ce qui concerne le traitement, 97% des patients répondaient bien à la colchicine et une amyloïdose n'a été documentée chez aucun des patients après un suivi de 5 ans. (who.int)
- The clinical signs of pericardial effusion are a result of compression of the heart. (pethealthnetwork.com)
- Clinical signs can vary greatly and may depend on the rate of development of the effusion. (pethealthnetwork.com)
- Pericardial effusion is a common finding in clinical practice. (myamericannurse.com)
- On DOL 3, an echo showed a small circumferential pericardial effusion. (congenitalcardiologytoday.com)
- Diagnosed in 2000 with a small pericardial effusion, she'd been worked up for every conceivable cause, from rheumatoid arthritis to cancer. (myamericannurse.com)
- There is normally a small amount of clear, straw-colored fluid in the pericardial space. (medlineplus.gov)
- Pericardial effusion associated with hemangiosarcomas should not be treated by pericardectomy since subsequent bleeding episodes can fill the chest cavity resulting in rapid death. (pethealthnetwork.com)
- This allows the effusion to drain from around the heart into the chest cavity, where it is less dangerous and usually reabsorbed by the body. (myamericannurse.com)
- In some situations the pericardial sac can accumulate excess amounts of fluid that can restrict the natural contractions of the heart. (pethealthnetwork.com)
- Pericardial effusion is the presence of an abnormal amount of fluid and/or an abnormal character to fluid in the pericardial space. (medscape.com)
- In the case of aortic body tumors or mesotheliomas the growth rate is less aggressive and control of the pericardial effusion can be attempted by surgically removing part of the outer pericardium thus creating a drain for the fluid. (pethealthnetwork.com)
- and five patients with clinically significant pericardial effusions). (nih.gov)
- Most of the time, the pericardial catheter is left in place so draining may continue for several hours. (medlineplus.gov)
- On DOL 5, the pericardial effusion had decreased as the infant remained stable on vent support. (congenitalcardiologytoday.com)
- Dans une étude cas-témoins rétrospective menée en milieu hospitalier en 2011-2012, des adultes atteints de maladies lymphoprolifératives (n = 130) ont été recrutés dans des services de consultations externes à Menoufia (Égypte), tandis que les témoins appariés pour l'âge et le sexe (n = 130) recrutés souffraient de fractures. (who.int)