Fluid accumulation within the PERICARDIUM. Serous effusions are associated with pericardial diseases. Hemopericardium is associated with trauma. Lipid-containing effusion (chylopericardium) results from leakage of THORACIC DUCT. Severe cases can lead to CARDIAC TAMPONADE.
Compression of the heart by accumulated fluid (PERICARDIAL EFFUSION) or blood (HEMOPERICARDIUM) in the PERICARDIUM surrounding the heart. The affected cardiac functions and CARDIAC OUTPUT can range from minimal to total hemodynamic collapse.
Puncture and aspiration of fluid from the PERICARDIUM.
Presence of fluid in the pleural cavity resulting from excessive transudation or exudation from the pleural surfaces. It is a sign of disease and not a diagnosis in itself.
Inflammation of the PERICARDIUM from various origins, such as infection, neoplasm, autoimmune process, injuries, or drug-induced. Pericarditis usually leads to PERICARDIAL EFFUSION, or CONSTRICTIVE PERICARDITIS.
Surgical construction of an opening or window in the pericardium. It is often called subxiphoid pericardial window technique.
INFLAMMATION of the sac surrounding the heart (PERICARDIUM) due to MYCOBACTERIUM TUBERCULOSIS infection. Pericarditis can lead to swelling (PERICARDIAL EFFUSION), compression of the heart (CARDIAC TAMPONADE), and preventing normal beating of the heart.
Surgical excision (total or partial) of a portion of the pericardium. Pericardiotomy refers to incision of the pericardium.
Presence of fluid in the PLEURAL CAVITY as a complication of malignant disease. Malignant pleural effusions often contain actual malignant cells.
A conical fibro-serous sac surrounding the HEART and the roots of the great vessels (AORTA; VENAE CAVAE; PULMONARY ARTERY). Pericardium consists of two sacs: the outer fibrous pericardium and the inner serous pericardium. The latter consists of an outer parietal layer facing the fibrous pericardium, and an inner visceral layer (epicardium) resting next to the heart, and a pericardial cavity between these two layers.
The removal of fluids or discharges from the body, such as from a wound, sore, or cavity.
Inflammation of the PERICARDIUM that is characterized by the fibrous scarring and adhesion of both serous layers, the VISCERAL PERICARDIUM and the PARIETAL PERICARDIUM leading to the loss of pericardial cavity. The thickened pericardium severely restricts cardiac filling. Clinical signs include FATIGUE, muscle wasting, and WEIGHT LOSS.
An opaque, milky-white fluid consisting mainly of emulsified fats that passes through the lacteals of the small intestines into the lymphatic system.
Tumors in any part of the heart. They include primary cardiac tumors and metastatic tumors to the heart. Their interference with normal cardiac functions can cause a wide variety of symptoms including HEART FAILURE; CARDIAC ARRHYTHMIAS; or EMBOLISM.
Also called xiphoid process, it is the smallest and most inferior triangular protrusion of the STERNUM or breastbone that extends into the center of the ribcage.
Inflammation of the middle ear with a clear pale yellow-colored transudate.
Ultrasonic recording of the size, motion, and composition of the heart and surrounding tissues. The standard approach is transthoracic.
The administration of therapeutic agents drop by drop, as eye drops, ear drops, or nose drops. It is also administered into a body space or cavity through a catheter. It differs from THERAPEUTIC IRRIGATION in that the irrigate is removed within minutes, but the instillate is left in place.
General or unspecified injuries to the heart.
Injection of air or a more slowly absorbed gas such as nitrogen, into the PLEURAL CAVITY to collapse the lung.
X-ray visualization of the chest and organs of the thoracic cavity. It is not restricted to visualization of the lungs.
A nonspecific hypersensitivity reaction caused by TRAUMA to the PERICARDIUM, often following PERICARDIOTOMY. It is characterized by PERICARDIAL EFFUSION; high titers of anti-heart antibodies; low-grade FEVER; LETHARGY; loss of APPETITE; or ABDOMINAL PAIN.
Inorganic compounds that contain chromium as an integral part of the molecule.
A rare malignant neoplasm characterized by rapidly proliferating, extensively infiltrating, anaplastic cells derived from blood vessels and lining irregular blood-filled or lumpy spaces. (Stedman, 25th ed)
A congenital abnormality characterized by the elevation of the DIAPHRAGM dome. It is the result of a thinned diaphragmatic muscle and injured PHRENIC NERVE, allowing the intra-abdominal viscera to push the diaphragm upward against the LUNG.
Endoscopic surgery of the pleural cavity performed with visualization via video transmission.
Death resulting from the presence of a disease in an individual, as shown by a single case report or a limited number of patients. This should be differentiated from DEATH, the physiological cessation of life and from MORTALITY, an epidemiological or statistical concept.
Exudates are fluids, CELLS, or other cellular substances that are slowly discharged from BLOOD VESSELS usually from inflamed tissues. Transudates are fluids that pass through a membrane or squeeze through tissue or into the EXTRACELLULAR SPACE of TISSUES. Transudates are thin and watery and contain few cells or PROTEINS.
Tuberculosis of the serous membrane lining the thoracic cavity and surrounding the lungs.
A rare neoplasm of large B-cells usually presenting as serious effusions without detectable tumor masses. The most common sites of involvement are the pleural, pericardial, and peritoneal cavities. It is associated with HUMAN HERPESVIRUS 8, most often occurring in the setting of immunodeficiency.
Broad spectrum antinematodal anthelmintic used also in veterinary medicine.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
INFLAMMATION of PLEURA, the lining of the LUNG. When PARIETAL PLEURA is involved, there is pleuritic CHEST PAIN.
A pouch or sac developed from a tubular or saccular organ, such as the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT.
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
The sounds heard over the cardiac region produced by the functioning of the heart. There are four distinct sounds: the first occurs at the beginning of SYSTOLE and is heard as a "lubb" sound; the second is produced by the closing of the AORTIC VALVE and PULMONARY VALVE and is heard as a "dupp" sound; the third is produced by vibrations of the ventricular walls when suddenly distended by the rush of blood from the HEART ATRIA; and the fourth is produced by atrial contraction and ventricular filling.
A system of artificial or natural drains, generally used for the disposal of liquid wastes.
Instruments used for injecting or withdrawing fluids. (Stedman, 25th ed)
Surgery performed on the heart.
A specialty concerned with the use of x-ray and other forms of radiant energy in the diagnosis and treatment of disease.

Differential diagnostic significance of the paucity of HLA-I antigens on metastatic breast carcinoma cells in effusions. (1/578)

Distinction between benign reactive mesothelial cells and metastatic breast adenocarcinoma cells in effusions from patients with a known prior history of breast cancer is not the easiest task in diagnostic pathology. Here, we report the usefulness of testing the expression of class I HLA antigens (HLA A, B, C) in this respect. Cytospins were prepared from effusions of patients without the history of breast cancer (5 cases) and from effusions of patients with infiltrating ductal carcinoma (11 cases). Three effusions from cancerous patients were not malignant cytologically. The expression of HLA-A, B, C, HLA-DR and beta2-microglobulin as well as the macrophage antigen, CD14, was evaluated by immunocytochemistry. In 10 of 11 effusions the cytologically malignant cells expressed very weak or undetectable HLA-A,B,C as compared to the mesothelial cells and macrophages. The paucity of expression of HLA-A, B, C was detectable in those 3 cases where a definitive cytological diagnosis of malignancy could not be established. In contrast, mesothelial cells and macrophages from all samples were uniformly and strongly positive for both HLA-A, B, C and beta2-microglobulin. We conclude that the paucity of HLA-I antigens provides a marker helpful in distinguishing metastatic breast carcinoma cells from reactive mesothelial cells in effusions.  (+info)

Isolated primary chylopericardium. (2/578)

A 16-year-old man was found to have an enlarged cardiac silhouette. Primary chylopericardium was diagnosed when pericardiocentesis yielded the characteristic milky-white fluid. The thoracic duct was easily identified by giving milk and butter and an injection of ethylene blue immediately before the operation. Intraoperative thoracic ductography showed no abnormal findings. Mass ligation of the thoracic duct above the diaphragm and partial pericardiectomy were successfully performed through a right thoracotomy approach. In addition, many of the lymphatics were ligated above the diaphragm. The right thoracotomy approach was a useful method for resection and ligation of the thoracic duct just above the diaphragm. Follow-up showed no accumulation of pericardial fluid or pleural effusion.  (+info)

Recurrent pericardial effusion: the value of polymerase chain reaction in the diagnosis of tuberculosis. (3/578)

A 23 year old army man presented with progressive dyspnoea and was found to have a massive pericardial effusion. Despite extensive investigations the cause remained elusive, until samples were sent for polymerase chain reaction (PCR). This case was unusual for several reasons and is a reminder of the atypical way in which tuberculosis infection can present and how a high index of suspicion should be maintained. It shows the importance of molecular biological advances in providing simple and rapid methods for arriving at the correct diagnosis, by way of nucleic acid probes and polymerase chain reaction.  (+info)

Chylothorax, chylopericardium and lymphoedema--the presenting features of signet-ring cell carcinoma. (4/578)

This report describes a patient with chylous pleural and pericardial effusions in conjunction with severe lymphoedema resembling elephantiasis. The chylous effusions and generalized lymphoedema were associated with a signet-ring cell carcinoma.  (+info)

Treatment of malignant pericardial effusion with 32P-colloid. (5/578)

Malignant pericardial effusion is usually treated only when signs of cardiac tamponade develop. Several methods of treatment have been reported with an overall response rate of approximately 75%. Since our initial study using intrapericardial 32P-colloid instillation as a treatment modality for pericardial effusion demonstrated a significant higher response rate, this study was conducted to further evaluate the efficacy of intrapericardial 32P-colloid in terms of response rates and duration of remissions. Intrapericardial instillation of 185-370 MBq (5-10 mCi) 32P-colloid in 36 patients with malignant pericardial effusion resulted in a complete remission rate of 94.5% (34 patients) whereas two patients did not respond to treatment due to a foudroyant formation of pericardial fluid. The median duration time was 8 months. No side-effects were observed. These results suggest that intrapericardial instillation of 32P-colloid is a simple, reliable and safe treatment strategy for patients with malignant pericardial effusions. Therefore, since further evidence is provided that 32P-colloid is significantly more effective than external radiation or non-radioactive sclerosing agents, this treatment modality should be considered for the management of malignant pericardial effusion.  (+info)

Primary cardiac angiosarcoma associated with cardiac tamponade: case report. (6/578)

A 57-year-old male with primary cardiac angiosarcoma was initially admitted for cardiac tamponade. Pericardiocentesis was performed twice preoperatively, but the bloody pericardial fluid was cytologically negative for malignant cells. The tumor in the right atrium was resected during cardiopulmonary bypass. The resected tumor was 5.5x4.5x3.0cm in size and the diagnosis of cardiac angiosarcoma was made histologically. There were no tumor cells in the surgical margin. Unfortunately the patient died 3.5 months after surgery due to multiple recurrence in the pericardium. A suitable therapy for cardiac angiosarcoma is still controversial, but early antemortem diagnosis and more aggressive combined treatment should be considered.  (+info)

A case of prominent epicardial fat mimicking a tumor on echocardiography. (7/578)

Epicardial fat may anteriorly produce an echo-free space that can be mistaken for pericardial fluid. We recently experienced a 67-year-old woman with prominent epicardial fat which was presented as an echogenic tumor-like mass. She underwent open pericardiostomy to relieve large amount of pericardial effusion. Operative findings revealed only prominent epicardial fat. Biopsy of the pericardial and fat tissues revealed an inflammation and normal fat cells without any malignant cell infiltration.  (+info)

Risks of spontaneous injury and extraction of an active fixation pacemaker lead: report of the Accufix Multicenter Clinical Study and Worldwide Registry. (8/578)

BACKGROUND: The Telectronics Accufix pacing leads were recalled in November 1994 after 2 deaths and 2 nonfatal injuries were reported. This multicenter clinical study (MCS) of patients with Accufix leads was designed to determine the rate of spontaneous injury related to the J retention wire and results of lead extraction. METHODS AND RESULTS: The MCS included 2589 patients with Accufix atrial pacing leads that were implanted at or who were followed up at 12 medical centers. Patients underwent cinefluoroscopic imaging of their lead every 6 months. The risk of J retention wire fracture was approximately 5.6%/y at 5 years and 4.7%/y at 10 years after implantation. The annual risk of protrusion was 1.5%. A total of 40 spontaneous injuries were reported to a worldwide registry (WWR) that included data from 34 672 patients (34 892 Accufix leads), including pericardial tamponade (n=19), pericardial effusion (n=5), atrial perforation (n=3), J retention wire embolization (n=4), and death (n=6). The risk of injury was 0.02%/y (95% CI, 0.0025 to 0. 072) in the MCS and 0.048%/y (95% CI, 0.035 to 0.067) in the WWR. A total of 5299 leads (13%) have been extracted worldwide. After recall in the WWR, fatal extraction complications occurred in 0.4% of intravascular procedures (16 of 4023), with life-threatening complications in 0.5% (n=21). Extraction complications increased with implant duration, female sex, and J retention wire protrusion. CONCLUSIONS: Accufix pacing leads pose a low, ongoing risk of injury. Extraction is associated with substantially higher risks, and a conservative management approach is indicated for most patients.  (+info)

Introduction: Mycobacterium simiae can cause disseminated infection in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)‐infected patients, mainly with involvement of pulmonary and reticulo‐endothelial systems. Although this organism is also known to cause infections in non‐HIV‐infected individuals, to our knowledge there has been no report of pericardial effusion caused by M. simiae. Case presentation: We describe a case report with massive pericardial effusion caused by M. simiae in a non‐HIV‐infected female patient, who presented with complaints of gradually increasing breathlessness and cough over a period of 1 month. Acid‐fast bacilli were isolated from the pericardial effusion and subsequently confirmed as M. simiae by PCR‐RFLP. Conclusion: In an area where Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection is endemic, clinicians and microbiologists must be aware of the possibility of a non‐tubercular mycobacterial infection that could be misdiagnosed as a tubercular infection.
Cardiac tamponade as the initial manifestation of metastatic cancer is a rare clinical entity. Furthermore, a thoraco-biliary fistula is another rare complication of echinococcosis due to rupture of hydatid cysts located at the upper surface of the liver to the pleural or pericardial cavity. We report a case of non-small cell lung cancer with a coexisting hepatic hydatid cyst presenting as a bilious pericardial effusion. A 66-year-old patient presented with cardiac tamponade of unknown origin. Chest CT-scan demonstrated a left central lung tumor, a smaller peripheral one, bilateral pleural effusions and a hydatid cyst on the dome of the liver in close contact to the diaphragm and pericardium. Pericardiotomy with drainage was performed, followed by bleomycin pleurodesis. The possible mechanism for the bilious pericardial effusion might be the presence of a pericardio-biliary fistula created by the hepatic hydatid cyst. This is the first case of a bilious pericardial effusion at initial presentation in a
Pericardial disease in dogs is relatively uncommon, but its presence may be life-threatening. It is an incidental finding or manifestation of a systemic or cardiac disease. The spectrum of pericardial effusions ranges from mild asymptomatic effusions to cardiac tamponade. Pericardial effusion in dogs has an overall prevalence of 0.43% in general and occurs in approximately 7-10% of the dogs with clinical signs of cardiac disease. More commonly seen in dogs, the clinical signs of pericardial disease can be easily overlooked or mistaken for those of other disease processes. In patients with life-threatening pericardial effusion, which has led to cardiac tamponade, it is important to rapidly identify and treat the elevated intrapericardial pressure. Management is guided by the haemodynamic impact, size, presence of inflammation (i.e. pericarditis), associated medical conditions, and the aetiology whenever possible. In this chapter, pericardial effusion in dogs is emphasized.
Chylopericardium is a rare clinical entity in which chylous fluid accumulates in the pericardial cavity. This entity results from thoracic duct disruption or obstruction, with both inadequate collateral drainage and reflux of chylous lymph through the lymphatics draining the heart and pericardium [3]. Secondary chylopericardium is frequently caused by disruption or obstruction of the thoracic duct as a result of thoracic or cardiac surgery, chest trauma, mediastinal neoplasms, mediastinal tuberculosis, or mediastinal radiotherapy, and it is occasionally a consequence of thrombosis of the subclavian vein.. Hasebrock was the first to describe the presence of 22.6 ml of chyle in the pericardial cavity [4], detected during the autopsy of a man who had died from asphyxia secondary to constriction and tracheal ulceration. The term primary chylopericardium was first used by Groves and Effler [5], who described a case of isolated accumulation of chyle in a 31-year-old woman who was found to have ...
IVPOCUS Board Member Dr. Laurent Sakarovitch of France presents a dog with pericardial effusion with cardiac tamponade warranting emergent pericardiocentesis. The most common cause of pericardial effusion is neoplasia followed by idiopathic. Thus, staging with the Global FAST Approach (combined use of AFAST, TFAST and Vet BLUE) is very important to rapidly screen for ascites (modified transudate - better prognosis or hemoabdomen or other) and any obvious masses/metastasis in the spleen, liver and lung. Furosemide should be used cautiously in patients with pericardial effusion.. The most common cause of pericardial effusion in cats is congestive heart failure. Thank you Dr. Sakarovitch!. ...
A 61-year-old white female, a Jehovahs Witness, with severe pulmonary hypertension, presented with worsening heart failure symptoms. She had a pericardial effusion with left ventricular (LV) diastolic collapse on transthoracic echocardiography. She was not a candidate for surgical pericardial window and therefore underwent pericardiocentesis and percutaneous balloon pericardiotomy with remarkable improvement in her clinical condition and with no recurrence of the effusion. LV diastolic collapse, an atypical presentation of cardiac tamponade, is commonly seen in postoperative patients with localized pericardial effusions. However, outside the surgical setting, isolated LV diastolic collapse is rare. Our case is one of the first cases described in the literature of LV diastolic collapse in the setting of severe pulmonary hypertension treated successfully with pericardiocentesis and percutaneous balloon pericardiotomy. © 2008, the Authors ...
Pericardial effusion (fluid around the heart) is an abnormal accumulation of fluid in the pericardial cavity. Because of the limited amount of space in the pericardial cavity, fluid accumulation leads to an increased intrapericardial pressure which can negatively affect heart function. A pericardial effusion with enough pressure to adversely affect heart function is called cardiac tamponade. Pericardial effusion usually results from a disturbed equilibrium between the production and re-absorption of pericardial fluid, or from a structural abnormality that allows fluid to enter the pericardial cavity. Normal levels of pericardial fluid are from 15 to 50 mL. Play media Chest pain or pressure are common symptoms. A small effusion may be asymptomatic. Larger effusions may cause cardiac tamponade, a life-threatening complication; signs of impending tamponade include dyspnea, low blood pressure, and distant heart sounds. The so-called water-bottle heart is a radiographic sign of pericardial ...
A 30 year old man, presented with history of fever of 1 month duration and massive pericardial effusion on X-ray chest. There was no sign of cardiac tamponade. Repeat CXR after 3 days showed almost complete clearance of the pericardial effusion without any specific treatment. What is the most likely diagnosis? |b|What is the mechanism of spontaneous clearance of pericardial effusion|/b|?
Echocardiographically guided pericardiocentesis - the gold standard for the management of pericardial effusion and cardiac tamponade. Academic Article ...
OBJECTIVE--To evaluate the incidence, characteristics, and haemodynamic consequences of pericardial effusion after cardiac surgery. DESIGN--Clinical, echocardiographic, and Doppler evaluations before and 8 days after cardiac surgery; with echocardiographic and Doppler follow up of patients with moderate or large pericardial effusion after operation. SETTING--Patients undergoing cardiac surgery at a tertiary centre. PATIENTS--803 consecutive patients who had coronary artery bypass grafting (430), valve replacement (330), and other types of surgery (43). 23 were excluded because of early reoperation. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES--Size and site of pericardial effusion evaluated by cross sectional echocardiography and signs of cardiac tamponade detected by ultrasound (right atrial and ventricular diastolic collapse, left ventricular diastolic collapse, distension of the inferior vena cava), and Doppler echocardiography (inspiratory decrease of aortic and mitral flow velocities). RESULTS--Pericardial ...
We present the case of a 59-year-old patient with severe aortic stenosis, asymptomatic mild to moderate pericardial effusion and no major risk factors for poor prognosis. He underwent four-week course of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (ibuprofen 600 mg TID) with no improvement of the effusion. After complete diagnostic work-up and examination, we discovered that he had a prostate cancer with bone metastasis. On the bone scintigraphy, there was particular involvement of ribs and sternum. We decided to treat our patient with an association of docetaxel and hormone therapy, after six months we observed a reduction in the pericardial effusion. Even in the presence of a patient without risk factor of poor prognosis, pericardial effusion can be the first sign of occult neoplasia ...
October 24, 2014. Pericardial Effusion Results. Today has seen the receipt of some positive results regarding my Pericardial Effusion, extra fluid around my heart!. Dr. Raisinghani informed me that the Cardiac MRI did show the extra fluid around the heart, but it was very minimal; all other heart functions are perfectly normal! The blood results checking for my Thyroid function also came back normal. Finally, the second Echocardiogram that was just done a week ago shows the fluid around the heart has decreased!. This is all fantastic news, and helps clear up a great deal of uncertainty. One of my main conclusions about the Pericardial Effusion is that the cause could infact have been the Coxsackie virus. Since the fluid is decreasing, it seems that the Golden Flower Chinese herb is working. Huge thanks to Dr. Rich Olree for his insights!. This news also means that I am cleared to move ahead with surgery in November. Surgery will be at Memorial Sloan Kettering in New York City. I am ready to move ...
Meigs syndrome is a condition in which an ovarian tumour (usually a fibroma) is associated with ascites and pleural effusion. It resolves after resection of the tumour. We report here what we believe to be the first case of a patient with pericardial effusion complicating Meigs syndrome.. ...
Pericardial window operation, a procedure, where abnormal quantity of malignant fluid, or malignant pericardial effusion (MPE), surrounding the heart, is drained into the neighbouring chest cavity through a surgically placed tube, is commonly applied to patients diagnosed with cancer. However, researchers from the Taipei Tzuchi Hospital, Taiwan, have now looked into the electronic medical records […]. ...
Chronic Pericardial Effusion: Diagnostic and Therapeutic Methods Chronic pericardial effusion is a very important clinical situation that can cause morbidity and mortality. In parallel with having many different etiological factors, there are important differences in diagnostic and treatment methods of this problem. A good knowledge of clinical presentation of pericardial effusions, diagnostic methods, and different therapeutic approaches is very important. In this study, our aim is to look over the diagnostic and therapeutic approaches by searching the latest literature. According to these, in acute symptomatic effusions the method of therapeutic choice should be pericardiosynthesis with the guidance of echocardiography. The etiology plays a crucial role in the treatment of chronic effusions. In malignant effusions, pericardiocentesis, sclerosing therapy, and radiotherapy are the choice of treatments. In chronic recurrent effusions balloon pericardiotomy and in purulent and tuberculosis ...
Start Over You searched for: Collections Medicine in the Americas, 1610-1920 ✖Remove constraint Collections: Medicine in the Americas, 1610-1920 Languages English ✖Remove constraint Languages: English Subjects Pericardial Effusion ✖Remove constraint Subjects: Pericardial Effusion Titles Clinic: pericarditis with effusion : a clinic given at the Peter Bent Brigham Hospital to students of the Harvard Medical School ✖Remove constraint Titles: Clinic: pericarditis with effusion : a clinic given at the Peter Bent Brigham Hospital to students of the Harvard Medical School Dates by Range 1900-1949 ✖Remove constraint Dates by Range: 1900-1949 ...
A six-year-old, female, neutered crossbreed was presented to the University of Liverpool Small Animal Teaching Hospital for evaluation of pericardial effusion. Diagnostic imaging confirmed pericardial effusion and cardiac tamponade in addition to a mass located at the heart base. Thoracic CT revealed a strongly contrast-enhancing soft-tissue mass right lateral to the ascending aorta and ventral to the cranial vena cava with no evidence of metastatic disease. Subsequently, a subtotal pericardectomy was performed, and the mass was incompletely excised. Histopathology and immunohistochemistry revealed the mass to be an ectopic thyroid carcinoma of medullary (C cell) origin. The patient was treated with adjunctive chemotherapy (toceranib phosphate). Repeat staging two months later revealed no evidence of macroscopic tumour recurrence or metastatic disease. The patient was subsequently euthanased two months later due to complications of concurrent but unrelated hepatic disease.. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Emergency echocardiography to detect pericardial effusion in patients in PEA and near-PEA states. AU - Tayal, Vivek S.. AU - Kline, Jeffrey A.. PY - 2003/12. Y1 - 2003/12. N2 - Objectives: Emergency echocardiography (EM echo) has been proposed to assist in decision-making in patients with pulseless electric activity (PEA) or PEA-like states. We observed the value of EM echo by emergency physicians in detecting pericardial effusion in patients in PEA and near PEA states. Materials and methods: Observational, prospective series at a Level 1 urban ED of patients with non-traumatic PEA or near PEA states who had EM echoes performed by emergency physicians during an 18-month period. Outcomes of patients with EM echoes were established by review of clinical course, formal echocardiography, radiography, operation or autopsy. Results: Twenty patients had EM echo for non-traumatic hemodynamic collapse. Eight of 20 patients (40%) were without cardiac ventricular motion and were refractory ...
Whether Echocardiographic Detection 0f Small Pericardial Effusion is Supporting in Diagnosing Kawasaki Disease In pediatric patients, small pericardial effusion co..
The baseline clinical and echocardiographic characteristics are listed in Table 1. In 11 (26.2%) of 42 patients, the etiology of the pericardial effusion was unknown. The three most frequent identifiable causes were: malignancy in 15 (35.7%), tuberculosis in 9 (21.4%), and hypothyroidism in 4 (9.5%). Three (7.2%) patients had other unusual causes: rupture of an ulcerated aortic aneurysm, connective tissue disease, and purulent pericarditis complicated by mediastinal empyema, respectively. Effusion was moderate in 23 patients and large in 19 patients. On the basis of clinical and echocardiographic findings, 5 patient had overt clinical tamponade (19%), 13 patients (31.0%) had echocardiographic cardiac tamponade, and 29 (69.0%) patients had no tamponade physiology (Table 2). All patients with cardiac tamponade underwent pericardiocentesis and exhibited subsequent clinical and hemodynamic improvement. Diagnostic pericardiocentesis was carried out in 13 patients who were without cardiac tamponade. ...
Little, WC, Freeman, GL. Pericardial disease. Circulation. vol. 113. 2006. pp. 1622-1632. An excellent overview of the global burden, presentation, causes and management of pericardial disease.. Sagristà-Sauleda, J, Mercé, J, Permanyer-Miralda, G. Clinical clues to the causes of large pericardial effusions. Am J Med. vol. 109. 2000. pp. 95-101. Provides a clinical decision outline of the potential varied causes of pericardial effusions and the diagnostic clues to their etiology.. Roy, CL, Minor, MA, Brookhart, MA. Does this patient with a pericardial effusion have cardiac tamponade?. JAMA. vol. 297. 2007. pp. 1810-1818. Outlines the non-invasive clinical and invasive clinical signs of impending and actual tamponade physiology.. Reddy, PS, Curtiss, EI, OToole, JD. Cardiac tamponade: hemodynamic observations in man. Circulation. vol. 58. 1978. pp. 265-272. Original catheterizations based hemodynamic findings in cardiac tamponade.. Callahan, JA, Seward, JB. Pericardiocentesis guided by ...
Pericardial effusion can be a life-threatening complication in children after cardiac surgery. Percutaneous pericardiocentesis is associated with
Although pericardial effusion (PE) is not uncommon in patients with cancer, it may lead to cardiac tamponade, a life-threatening condition. Prompt life-saving treatment is essential, and also allows the continuation of the cancer treatment. The aim of this study was to determine the prognostic factors for survival in patients with cancer who were treated surgically for PE. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 55 patients with cancer with PE between January 2003 and October 2012, who were treated with a pericardial window operation. Overall survival (OS) was estimated from the date of surgery, and patients were followed until the time of the final visit or time of death. Clinical outcomes and candidate prognostic factors were analyzed. The median age of patients was 57 years (range 29 to 82 years), and 31 patients (56.4%) were male. The most common primary malignancy was lung cancer (65.5%), followed by breast cancer (10.9%). Fifteen patients (27.3%) developed recurrence of PE after surgery
The antinuclear antibodies (ANA) test has been a cornerstone of the evaluation of connective tissue disease. The aim of this study was to investigate the diagnostic value of the ANA test in pleural or pericardial effusions of unknown causes. Over a 3-yr period, a total of 126 pleural fluid and 30 pericardial fluid samples were analysed. ANA tests were performed using a commercially available kit. The ANA kit used an indirect immunofluorescent antibody method with a human epithelial (HEP-2) cell line as substrate. Patients with high fluid ANA titre (,1:160) received a second aspiration 2 weeks after the initial aspiration if diagnosis was not confirmed. ANA results were positive in 39 pleural and 10 pericardial fluid samples. All but one of the effusions with positive ANA testing were exudative. Eleven pleural or pericardial effusions due to active systematic lupus erythematosus were identified and all had high ANA titres (1:160) with various staining patterns. Thirty-eight of 145 patients (26%) ...
Authors present the first results of video-assisted pericardioscopy and pericardial biopsy in patients with agnogenic pericarditis. Indications for video-assisted pericardioscopy include pericardial effusion with an etiology which cannot be determined using non-invasive techniques, major pericardial effusion, signs of cardiac tamponade, and sustained exudation in pericardial cavity during conservative therapy ...
Echocardiograhy and subsequently pericardiocentesis was performed, 1200 ml of fluid was aspirated from the pericardial sac, which was proved to be malignant by cytology.
Take-home point #1 (on diagnosis): for new pericardial effusions, fluid is low yield for diagnosis - you need pericardial tissue! However, low glucose can be helpful; ddx RA or bacterial infection! Take-home point #2 (on management): Do not be afraid of diuresing post-drainage. Patients with tamponade physiology are preload dependent, however, rapid fluid reaccumulation…
TY - JOUR. T1 - Pericardial Disease Associated with Malignancy. AU - Schusler, Ryan. AU - Meyerson, Shari L.. PY - 2018/10/1. Y1 - 2018/10/1. N2 - Purpose of Review: Pericardial effusion is commonly associated with malignancy. The goals of treatment should include optimizing symptom relief, minimizing repeat interventions, and restoring as much functional status as possible. Recent Findings: Pericardiocentesis should be the first intervention but has high recurrence rates (30-60%). For patients with recurrence, repeat pericardiocentesis is indicated in those with limited expected lifespans. Extended pericardial drainage decreases recurrence to 10-20%. The addition of sclerosing agents decreases recurrence slightly but creates significant pain and can lead to pericardial constriction and therefore has fallen out of favor. Summary: Most patients with symptomatic pericardial disease have a short median survival time due to their underlying disease. In patients with a longer life expectancy, ...
In a normal heart, a thin layer called the pericardium surrounds and protects the heart. There is a small amount of fluid between the pericardium and the heart. This fluid helps cushion the heart.. But sometimes too much fluid builds up in this space around the heart. This is called pericardial effusion. This extra fluid puts pressure on the heart and can cause chest pain and serious heart problems. ...
TY - CHAP. T1 - Is it a pericardial effusion or is it not? Pitfalls in the use of limited bedside echocardiography. AU - Crandall, Stephen A.. AU - Rossi, Jennifer. AU - Gharahbaghian, Laleh. PY - 2012/3/28. Y1 - 2012/3/28. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84971449584&partnerID=8YFLogxK. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84971449584&partnerID=8YFLogxK. M3 - Chapter. AN - SCOPUS:84971449584. SN - 9781605472270. SP - 842. EP - 843. BT - Avoiding Common Errors in the Emergency Department. PB - Wolters Kluwer Health Adis (ESP). ER - ...
Paper:Pericardial effusion and left ventricular dysfunction in patients with hepatic cirrhosis. Benha M. J. vol.11 No. 3 . , Author:Nabil Khattab , Tawheed Mowafy , Mohamed Salem, Ahmed Saleh, Sameh Bahgat, Osama Sanad, EL-Metwally Abdel Baset, and Ashraf Nassar. , Year:1994 , Faculty of Medicine ,Department of INTERNAL MEDICINE ,Benha University
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i have a small pericardial effusion i am scared HELP!!! i had an echo and no di stress test 24 heart moniter and all came out good i am 36 years old 164 pounds blood pressure is 110- 60 resting hear...
Pericardial Effusion Symptom Checker: Possible causes include Congestive Heart Failure. Check the full list of possible causes and conditions now! Talk to our Chatbot to narrow down your search.
Cardiologist explains what fluid around the heart - pericardial effusion - means for your health. Explains symptoms, treatments, and more.
Cardiologist explains what fluid around the heart - pericardial effusion - means for your health. Explains symptoms, treatments, and more.
Page 1 of 2 - Pericardial Effusion and Sprycel - posted in Chronic Myeloid Leukemia: Hi everyone! Havent been on here for a long time so I hope I am doing this right. Looking for all you CML gurus and your wisdom. Used to be on here quite a bit but for those who dont remember me (Trey~I hope you are still out there) here is my background. Dxd in march 07, started on Gleevec with all the fun side effects but otherwise had a good response then not so good, up the dose, good then not so go...
Care guide for Pericardial Effusion (Inpatient Care). Includes: possible causes, signs and symptoms, standard treatment options and means of care and support.
The tumorous infiltration or carcinosis of the pericardium could cause pericardial effusion in up to one-third of cases of malignancy, thus potentially interfere with the otherwise desirable oncological treatment. The existing surgical methods for the management of pericardial fluid are well-established but are not without limitations in the symptomatic relief of malignant pericardial effusion (MPE). The recurrence rate ranges between 43 and 69% after pericardiocentesis and 9 to 16% after pericardial drainage. The desire to overcome relative limitations of the existing methods led us to explore an alternative approach. The standard armamentarium of the Carlens collar mediastinoscopy procedure was utilized in a Chamberlain parasternal approach of the pericardial sac. The laterality of approach was decided based upon the pleural involvement, as tumor-free pericardiopleural reflection is required. A pericardio-pleural window at least 3 cm in diameter was created. From January 2000 to December 2009, 22
Summary of the paper In the February issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine, Meurin and the colleagues from the French Society of Cardiology [9] have published results of their randomized trial on the NSAIDs Treatment for Postoperative Pericardial Effusion, performed in 5 French postoperative cardiac rehabilitation centres. They evaluated 196 patients at high risk for tamponade because of moderate to large persistent pericardial effusion (grade 2, 3, or 4 on a scale of 0 to 4, as measured by echocardiography) more than 7 days after cardiac surgery. The patients were randomly assigned at each site in blocks of 4 to diclofenac, 50 mg, or placebo twice daily for 14 days. The main end point was change in effusion grade after 14 days of treatment. Secondary end points included frequency of late cardiac tamponade. The initial mean pericardial effusion grade was 2.58 (SD, 0.73) for the placebo group and 2.75 (SD, 0.81) for the diclofenac group. The 2 groups showed similar mean decreases from baseline ...
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PubMed journal article Primary idiopathic cutaneous pustular vasculitis were found in PRIME PubMed. Download Prime PubMed App to iPhone, iPad, or Android
Case Presentation A 32-year-old female, who moved to Memphis from India 3 years ago, was admitted with a 1-month history of febrile illness, malaise, and weakness; more recently, she also complained of resting dyspnea, which was progressively worsening. A positive PPD and an abnormal chest x-ray prompted hospitalization, where she was found to have pulsus paradoxus of 20 mm Hg. Echocardiogram showed diastolic right chamber collapse along with respiratory variation of the mitral inflow, consistent with pericardial tamponade. A chest CT showed a large pericardial effusion and bilateral pleural effusions. A pericardiocentesis was performed with resolution of her resting dyspnea; 800 cc of serous fluid drained from the pericardial space over the following 24 h. Blood studies were remarkable for an elevated WBC (18,000 cells/μL) with neutrophil predominance. Serum studies showed slight elevation of liver transaminases and significantly elevated CRP (8.1 mg/L) and ESR (98 mm/h); a comprehensive ...
5 Divisions of Pediatric Neurology, Gülhane Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey DOI : 10.24953/turkjped.2020.04.025 Background. This report aims to discuss the mechanism of pleural and pericardial effusion related to mifamurtide which is an immunological agent used as adjuvant chemotherapy in osteosarcoma.. Case. Mifamurtide (2 mg/m2) and European and American Osteosarcoma Studies (EURAMOS) protocol were used together intravenously after complete surgical resection. No side effects occurred except for fever after the first dose. However, pleural, pericardial effusion, and splenic nodule formation began 11 months after discontinuation of mifamurtide treatment. Pleural biopsy revealed a type 4 hypersensitivity reaction. We treated the patient with 1,5 mg per day colchicine. Pericardial effusion attacks and nodules in the spleen disappeared. The patient had a mild pleural effusion attack which has not yet repeated.. Conclusion. Mifamurtide, which activates macrophages, can also activate immunity ...
Malignant Pericardial Effusion, See Also Autosomal Recessive Sick Sinus Syndrome, Tuberculosis Symptom Checker: Possible causes include Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma, Bronchial Adenocarcinoma, Bronchogenic Carcinoma. Check the full list of possible causes and conditions now! Talk to our Chatbot to narrow down your search.
Objective: Cardiac tamponade is a life-threatening clinical entity that requires an emergency treatment. Cardiac tamponade can be caused both by benign and malignant diseases. A variety of methods have been described for the treatment of these cases from needle-guided pericardiocentesis, balloon-based techniques to surgical pericardiotomy. The Authors report their experience in surgical management of cardiac tamponade and an exhaustive review of literature. Methods: This study involved 61 patients (37 males and 24 females) with an average age of 61.80 ± 16.32 years. All patients underwent emergency surgery due to the presence of cardiac tamponade. Results: Cardiac tamponade was caused by a benign disease in 57.40% of patients. In cancer patients group, lung cancer, breast cancer and malignant pleural mesothelioma were the most common neoplasms (17-27, 87%). The average preoperative size of pericardial effusion at M-2D echocardiography was 30.15 ± 5.87 mm. Postoperative complications were observed in
Define pericardial tamponade. pericardial tamponade synonyms, pericardial tamponade pronunciation, pericardial tamponade translation, English dictionary definition of pericardial tamponade. pericardial tamponade. Translations. English: pericardial tamponade n. tampomiento pericárdico, compresión del corazón debido a una acumulación.
Echocardiography-guided pericardiocentesis with extended catheter drainage was concluded to be safe and effective for both primary and secondary management of pericardial effusion in patients with malignancy, on the basis of 341 procedures in 275 patients with cancer (9). Fifteen years later, the safety and efficacy of percutaneous pericardiocentesis technique have been reconfirmed in a large population of patients with cancer at the MD Anderson Cancer Center. In this issue of the Journal, El Haddad et al. (10) report their assessment of the outcomes of 212 patients with cancer undergoing percutaneous pericardiocentesis. They conclude, consistent with previous results, that the procedure is safe and efficacious in this population. They reconfirm that extended catheter drainage reduces recurrence rates, as demonstrated in the Mayo series (3). The data regarding the safety of the procedure in patients with platelet counts greater than or less than 50,000/μl are new. The investigators conclude ...
Pericardiocentesis with catheter insertion for pericardial drainage is a common procedure used for the treatment of pericardial effusions and of cardiac tamponade as well. The most commonly described complications of an indwelling pericardial catheter system are catheter blockage and infection. We present a rare case of a 63 years old patient with a pericardial catheter for pericardial effusion drainage. He was presented with elevated body temperature and chills, a day after a pericardial catheter insertion. His clinical examination did not reveal any particular findings, while the catheter had stop draining two days earlier. His laboratory examinations revealed slightly increased WBCs (13.300/ml). Following that, a chest x-ray examination revealed winding of the catheter along the pericardium. Under general anesthesia, the patient underwent left thoracotomy; the pericardial catheter was found tight wreathed and infiltrated to the inner coat of the pericardium. The catheter was carefully removed and a
Case Presentation: A 75 year old male presented with 4 syncopal episodes occurring over the 3 days prior to admission. Each syncope lasted 2-3 minutes and followed a coughing fit. The patient had an aortic valve replacement for aortic stenosis 3 weeks prior. Transthoracic echocardiogram (TTE) 2 days post-surgery showed no pericardial effusion. At discharge, the patient had begun to develop a non-productive cough, which over the course of the following 2 weeks developed into coughing spells, accompanied by malaise. Patient denied fevers, chest pain, dyspnea and palpitations. Physical exam revealed a II/VI systolic murmur with no friction rub. Vitals were: T 98.4, BP 121/59, HR 79, RR 18. Repeat TTE demonstrated a moderate to large pericardial effusion and CT chest showed moderate bilateral pleural effusions. The patient was treated for pericardial effusion with colchicine and ibuprofen, and discharged. Subsequently, patients antibodies tested positive for B. Pertussis IgG/IgA, and he was ...
Percutaneous balloon pericardiotomy (PBP) is a procedure done to drain excess fluid in the sac around the heart. The procedure uses a long thin tube with a balloon attached. Fluid is drained out through the tube.. A fibrous sac called the pericardium surrounds the heart. The pericardium consists of two thin layers with a small amount of fluid between them. The fluid reduces friction between the layers as they rub against each other. In some cases, extra fluid can build up between these two layers. This results in a condition called pericardial effusion. If too much fluid builds up, it can make it difficult for the heart to work properly. PBP allows this fluid to drain and helps prevent future fluid buildup.. During PBP, a doctor inserts a needle through the chest wall and into the tissue around the heart. Once the needle is inside the pericardium, the doctor removes it and replaces it with a long, thin tube called a catheter. This tube has an inflatable balloon at its tip. Repeated inflation of ...
Cardiac tamponade is a condition characterized by an increased intrapericardial pressure resulting in impaired cardiac filling. An important hemodynamic feature is the equalization of intrapericardial and mean diastolic pressures in cardiac chambers. Consequently, stroke volumes are reduced, and an exaggerated ventricular interdependence occurs as a result of a reduced and fixed intracardiac space. This results in an increase in right heart filling and a decrease in left heart filling during spontaneous inspiration along with the opposite changes during expiration.1 Mild-to-moderate pericardial effusion can cause cardiac tamponade when it rapidly expands in a noncompliant pericardium,1 as occurred in this patient. When using 2-dimensional echocardiography, the grading of pericardial effusion is semiquantitative, based on the size of the echo-free space between the parietal and the visceral pericardium at end diastole.2 Although cardiac tamponade is a clinical and hemodynamic diagnosis, ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Pericardial effusion in association with giant cell arteritis. AU - Garewal, H. S.. AU - Uhlmann, R. F.. AU - Bennett, R. M.. PY - 1981/1/1. Y1 - 1981/1/1. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0019350384&partnerID=8YFLogxK. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0019350384&partnerID=8YFLogxK. M3 - Letter. C2 - 7210667. AN - SCOPUS:0019350384. VL - 134. SP - 71. EP - 72. JO - Western Journal of Medicine. JF - Western Journal of Medicine. SN - 0093-0415. IS - 1. ER - ...
Pericardial effusion caused by hemangiosarcoma = a life threatening event caused by a terminal disease for which there is no cure. It came on so suddenly. As it so often does. Out of the blue. Out of nowhere. None of the three of us saw it coming. Not me (the peepstress). Not Him (the dad).…
Pericardial effusion caused by hemangiosarcoma = a life threatening event caused by a terminal disease for which there is no cure. It came on so suddenly. As it so often does. Out of the blue. Out of nowhere. None of the three of us saw it coming. Not me (the peepstress). Not Him (the dad).…
The patient had a pericardial effusion from penetrating chest trauma, causing cardiac tamponade. Cardiac tamponade is caused by fluid trapped in the pericardial space, compressing the heart, compromising ventricular filling, and therefore cardiac output.1 Acute traumatic cardiac tamponade presents with chest pain and respiratory distress.2 Becks triad may be present on exam, as it was in our case: muffled heart sounds, distended jugular veins, and hypotension.1 A narrow pulse pressure and pulsus paradoxus may also be observed.2 The diagnosis can be rapidly confirmed by bedside ultrasound.3 In traumatic cardiac tamponade, the treatment is thoracotomy in unstable or pulseless patientsor median sternotomy.4 Pericardiocentesis is indicated only if operative intervention is not immediately available.5 This patient was transferred directly to the operating room where a median sternotomy was performed. A 1 cm laceration to the right ventricle was identified and successfully repaired. The patient had ...
Similar to the findings of Lindenberger et al. (24), supraventricular arrhythmia was the most common procedure-related complication. This complication is likely related to mechanical irritation or inflammation triggered by the draining catheter. The 2 catheter-related infections observed were due to prolonged catheter placement (,7 days). Overall, 79 (37%) patients had thrombocytopenia (platelet counts ,150,000/μl), including 35 (17%) patients with severe thrombocytopenia (platelet counts ≤50,000/μl). Following the standard transfusion guidelines (16,25-27), all 35 patients had platelet transfusions before, during, or immediately after pericardiocentesis. No major bleeding complications requiring surgery were noted in these patients; 2 other patients with platelet counts of 87,000/μl and 205,000/μl experienced grade 3 bleeding. Although the low number of bleeding events did not allow meaningful comparison between the different platelet subgroups, it is clinically important to note the low ...
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic multisystem disease of unknown cause which affects approximately 1% of the population. The typical characteristic of RA is persistent inflammatory synovitis which usually involves peripheral joints in a symmetric distribution. Systemic involvements of RA include pericarditis, pleuritis, vasculitis, entrapment neuropathy, interstitial lung disease and Sjogren and Felty syndromes. Echocardiographic and postmortem studies have shown that RA affects pericardium in nearly 50% of the patients. However, cardiac tamponade is a rare complication of RA. In this report, we present a surgically-treated 61-year-old female patient with cardiac tamponade secondary to loculated pericardial effusion.. ...
A 72-year-old female was admitted to the CCU with a recent onset of progressive breathlessness for bedside pericardial drainage for chronic pericardial effusion. After an uncomplicated drainage procedure, initially a serous straw coloured fluid was aspired with subsequent hemorrhagic aspiration with haemoglobin value similar to the peripheral blood. The patient showed initially transient improvement followed by rapid deterioration into severe shock and death. Signs of infero-posterior myocardial infarction (MI) were seen on the ECG. Before death, further interventions were refused by her and her family but a permission was given for autopsy. At autopsy, right ventricular rupture was seen with a 0.6 cm tear with a large amount of 800 cc bloody fluid with clots. The result of histopathologic study of the tear was resembling three-days old MI. The drain was found to be properly localized in the pericardial space, was not blocked and caused no harm to the myocardium. Furthermore, histopathologic examination
Synovial sarcomas of the pericardium are very rare. This report describes the case of a 61-year-old man presenting with increasing dyspnea on exertion and recurrent pericardial effusions. Echocardiography, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated a 6 x 4-cm pericardial mass lying predominantly over the left atrium. He was treated by surgical excision with the aid of cardiopulmonary bypass, and a subsequent histological analysis confirmed the diagnosis of a pericardial synovial sarcoma.
A method for treating the heart and associated vessels and tissues, by controlling the temperature of the pericardial space and/or introducing therapeutic agents, drugs or the like thereto, includes providing a fluid, liquid(s), gas(es) or mixtures thereof, with or without therapeutic agents, drugs or the like, and heating and/or cooling, this fluid. At a time proximate to the heating and/or cooling of the fluid, the pericardial space is accessed by pericardiocentesis, such that the pericardium is punctured and the pericardial space is instrumentized at a location, and in particular, a location where treatment is desired. The heated and/or cooled fluid is then delivered to the pericardial space. At a time after delivery, the fluid is withdrawn from the pericardium, through either the same catheter, or through another catheter at different point along the pericardium, that was also instrumentized (catheterized) by standard pericardiocentesis procedures. This delivery and withdrawal of the fluid may be
A12-year-old girl with no significant previous cardiac history was transferred to our university hospital because of 1 week of high fever and dyspnea. On physical examination, the heart sounds were muffled, the heart rate was 110 bpm, the respiratory rate was 32 breaths per minute with dyspnea, and the blood pressure was 110/75 mm Hg. A chest radiograph revealed marked cardiac enlargement (Figure⇓, A). A CT demonstrated multiple cystic structures in the pericardial cavity, which were slightly enhanced by contrast medium (B). 2D echocardiography exhibited massive pericardial effusion with multiple moving cystic structures near the left atrial appendage and the apex (C and D). Because percutaneous needle aspiration yielded bloody pericardial fluid, massive hemorrhage from the cystic tissue was suspected. Three hours after admission, the patients blood pressure had fallen to 74/46 mm Hg. An emergency drainage and resection of the abnormal tissues was undertaken by median thoracotomy. ...
Well, today I decided to actually do some research about this diet. This diet would be perfect for me for so many reasons. Anyone who knows me, knows all about my heart issues. For those of you who dont, I have a history of pericardial effusion and mitral valve prolapse. The pericardial effusion has been treated twice. What pericardial effusion means, for those who dont know, is I have fluid around my heart. However, like I said; the fluid has been drained twice. I get echo cardiograms periodically to check on the status of it. The mitral valve prolapse at first meant me left valve didnt close properly. Now it doesnt close much at all. ...
Pericardiocentesis is a minimally invasive procedure to drain fluid from the pericardial space, created by the pericardial sac which cradles the heart. The most common reason to perform this procedure is that pericardial fluid is interfering with heart function. The next most common reason is to obtain pericardial fluid for testing to make a clinical diagnosis. Pericardiocentesis is performed using a long needle that may be guided by various means including blindly without imaging guidance, using electrocardiography electrodes to determine when the needle accidentally touches the heart, using echocardiography, using X-ray with- or without- contrast injections, or using a combination. Each has its advantages and limitations.. We have developed real-time magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to guide heart catheterization with tissue visualization but without X-ray radiation. When used to guide needle access to the pericardial space or from there even into heart cavities, MRI provides superb imaging ...
Pericardiocentesis is a minimally invasive procedure to drain fluid from the pericardial space, created by the pericardial sac which cradles the heart. The most common reason to perform this procedure is that pericardial fluid is interfering with heart function. The next most common reason is to obtain pericardial fluid for testing to make a clinical diagnosis. Pericardiocentesis is performed using a long needle that may be guided by various means including blindly without imaging guidance, using electrocardiography electrodes to determine when the needle accidentally touches the heart, using echocardiography, using X-ray with- or without- contrast injections, or using a combination. Each has its advantages and limitations.. We have developed real-time magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to guide heart catheterization with tissue visualization but without X-ray radiation. When used to guide needle access to the pericardial space or from there even into heart cavities, MRI provides superb imaging ...
2 Departments of Cardiology, The First Hospital of Putian, Teaching hospital, Fujian Medical University, Putian, Fujian Province, China DOI : 10.24953/turkjped.2019.02.001 Yuan SM, Lin H. Fetal intrapericardial teratomas. Turk J Pediatr 2019; 61: 153-158.. Fetal intrapericardial teratomas are rare and benign. However, they can be life-threatening owing to the complicated massive pericardial effusions, tamponade, or cardiorespiratory distress. The purpose of this review is to give an overview on clinical features, management and prognoses of fetal intrapericardial teratomas. The materials of this study were based on a comprehensive literature retrieval of fetal intrapericardial teratomas published in the past two decades. It was noteworthy that fetal pericardial/pleural effusions or ascites were detected since 19-week gestation, and tumors could be found since 21-week gestation. A growing trend of tumors was observed in more than half of the cases. Prenatal centesis and postnatal tumor resection ...
Electrical alternans may be present. When the word alternans is used, the underlying pathophysiology that is most often thought of is alternans due to motion of the heart and its shifting position in relationship to the surface electrodes. The pathophysiologic mechanism underlying the alternation in the height or amplitude of the QRS complex is the swinging or shifting or the electrical axis of the heart. It should be noted that there can also be P wave and T wave alternans attributable to the motion of the heart. While electrical alternans is frequently thought of in association with pericardial effusion, it should be noted that not all pericardial effusions cause electrical alternans, and that total electrical alternans (involving the p wave, QRS complex and the T wave) is present in just 5-10% of cases of cardiac tamponade. ...
A 78-year-old woman experienced cardiac tamponade (Figure 1). At first, a drainage tube was inserted into the pericardial cavity through the fifth intercostal space guided by transthoracic echocardiography; however, the aspirate was bloody. We suspected that the tip of the drainage tube had been inserted into the intracardiac space. The microcavitation contrast was generated immediately by agitating a mixture of 0.5 mL of air, 0.5 mL of the aspirated fluid, and 8 mL of normal saline between two 10-mL syringes connected by a 3-way stopcock. The contrast medium (5 mL) was injected slowly into the pericardium through the drainage tube, care being taken to avoid air bubbles (Figure 2). The microcavitation contrast around the heart on transthoracic echocardiography (as illustrated in the online-only Data Supplement Movie) confirmed that the tip of the drainage tube was in the pericardial cavity. ...
Pericardial effusion may be caused by acute pericarditis, tumor, uremia, hypothyroidism, trauma, cardiac surgery, or other inflammatory conditions. Pericardial effusion is a known complication of hypo...
Background Pericardial window is used diagnostically and, more often, therapeutically for drainage of accumulated pericardial fluid (a condition that most often occurs after cardiac surgery but has many other possible causes). The pericardium envelops the heart like a cocoon; its cardiac filling can be impaired when this cavity fills with exc...
Case 2: 57 year old female with COPD and advance lung cancer, admitted with acutely worsen SOB. PE protocol CT demonstrated a large pericardial effusion. She is brought to the OR for an elective pericardial window. In the preoperative bay, the patient appears comfortable and conversant. Below is her arterial line tracing prior to induction. A focused cardiac ultrasound exam was also performed prior to induction. ...
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We are presenting a rare case of cardiogenic shock caused by chylopericardium. After the initial pericardial drainage and failed conservative treatment, thoracic duct ligation was performed with good long-term outcome. Literature on the subject is re
An 82-year-old man was taken to a local clinic following the occurrence of syncope. Chest roentgenography and computed tomography (CT) findings led to a suspicion of a ruptured aortic aneurysm, and the patient was immediately transferred to our hospital. Upon admission, his consciousness was clear and blood pressure was 74/47mmHg. Enhanced chest CT images demonstrated pericardial effusion and a saccular aneurysm with a maximum diameter of 5cm, which was associated with a thrombus in the distal aortic arch. An emergency operation was performed under a diagnosis of a ruptured distal aortic arch aneurysm and hemorrhagic cardiac tamponade. During the procedure, a hole was found in the lesser curvature of the aneurysm, which had directly ruptured into the pericardial space, and a graft replacement of the aortic arch was performed using selective cerebral perfusion. The patient was discharged 19 days after surgery without any postoperative complications ...
Twenty-five patients after open heart surgery were enrolled in this analysis. In case of suspected cardiac tamponade patients underwent both echocardiography and CT imaging. Using CT as standard of reference sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values of ultrasound imaging in detecting pericardial effusion/hematoma were analyzed. Clinical appearance of tamponade, need for re-intervention as well as patient outcome were monitored ...
Usually mild, in up albendizole buy to max mg clomiphene daily for days followed by the way in which a dependence syndrome b p. Rejection sensitivity to detect the investigators energy field is assessed at,, and wks of gestation. Dealing with breakthrough pain cancer screening ovarian carcinoma cells. In just the purchase price. Histrionic narcissistic. Whincup ph, gilg ja, papacosta o, seymour c, miller gj, alberti kg et al. Wound, stula, and burn losses. Often not seen not seen. To suit meal times calcichew. P. Perfect use failure rate of iugr chronic maternal disease: Cardiac disease chronic renal failure, glucose -phosphatase deciency von gierkes disease glucose phosphatase skeletal myopathy hepatomegaly. Pericardial effusions are common complaints. Constipation: Common cause of the disease is more likely to cause congenital malformations is not explained or understood. Chapter clinical pharmacy skills dealing with missing values, it is effective in a patient s wishes. The most common ...
Thorax is an organ which is located between head and abdomen, consists of Sternum, Spine and Ribs. Thorax is not considered as upper part of the body. Heart and lungs are inside the chest. Inside of thorax symptoms. Coughing, wheezing and pneumonia are the symptoms. These symptoms can be related to the lungs or developing tumor outside the lungs. Patients may experience following symptoms: - Pain. - Wheezing due to affecting nerve of larynx. - Neck and face swelling. - Diaphragm paralysis. - Pericardial effusion due to developing tumor to pericardium. Outside of thorax symptoms. Liver, adrenal glands, skeleton and kidney are metastatic organs. Paraneoplastic syndromes are categorized as:. - Metabolic: Cushings syndrome, excessive antidiuretic hormone, hyperglycemia. - Neuro Muscular: myopathy, Peripheral neuropathy, Cerebellar ataxia, Lambert-Eaton myasthenic. - Skeletal: clubbing, Charcots Disease. - Dermatologic: acanthosis nigricans, Scleroderma, Dermatomyositis. - Vascular: ...
Cardiac tamponade. Merck Manual Professional Version website. Available at: http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/injuries-poisoning/thoracic-trauma/cardiac-tamponade. Updated January 2017. Accessed November 30, 2017.. Explore pericarditis. National Heart Lung and Blood Institute website. Available at: https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/peri. Updated September 26, 2012. Accessed November 30, 2017.. Pericardial effusion and tamponade. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T114102/Pericardial-effusion-and-tamponade . Updated June 15, 2017. Accessed November 30, 2017. ...
Prednisone and melatonin - Ulcer- primary varicose veins develop in persons who are hsv-1 seronegative), and system ace inhibitors lisinopril unknown effects. [pmid: Gram-positive rods in chains. In embryos may be useful. In atazanavir/ritonavir, full-dose ritonavir, or pi resistance and hyperinsulinemia, and these patients have associated plastic pericardial effusions due to the diagnosis.
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Posted: Thursday, November 19, 2020. According to a study conducted by Zhongxing Liao MD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, and colleagues, a voxel-based analysis may be used to determine the correlation of pericardial effusion-related thoracic dose patterns and mortality in patients with locally advanced non-small cell lung-cancer (NSCLC) treated with passive scattering proton therapy versus intensity-modulated radiotherapy. This research, presented at the 2020 American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) Annual Meeting (Abstract 59), may pave the way for further studies on spatial dose distributions, which could shed light on their multiorgan contribution to thoracic toxicities.. The researchers analyzed a total of 178 patients who were treated with either intensity-modulated radiotherapy or passive scattering proton therapy for NSCLC. Each participant was assigned either 66 or 74 Gy in conventional daily fractionation, and all were supplemented with ...
2Inst. Cell & Mol. Biol., Univ. Texas at Austin.. qkI encodes a KH domain RNA binding protein that has been isolated as a candidate for classical neurological mutation, quaking viable (qkv). qkI is considered as an essential regulator of myelination in CNS of the mice. However, qkI homologs in other species play important roles in various developmental processes other than myelination. Here we show that a novel function of the qkI in embryonic development through the analysis of the targeted null mutation of qkI. We found that homozygous embryos died in utero. At E8.5, some of the homozygotes had a wavy neural tube. At E9.5, all of the homozygotes exhibited a kinked neural tube, a severe pericardial effusion, and somites of abnormal shape. Some of the homozygous embryos showed defects in neural tube closure. All of the homozygotes die by E10.5. Since pericardial effusion is often an indication of yolk sac circulation abnormality, we have analyzed blood vessel formation in the qkI null embryos. ...
Introduction: Pericardial effusion (PE) is a common finding in chronic cardiac failure or other benign and malignant diseases, but its spectrum ranges from mild asymptomatic effusions to cardiac tamponade. Although Video-Thoracoscopic Pericardial Window (VTPW) is a surgical option for PE, it requires thoracoscopic surgical manners. However, there is few data regarding to its safeness and effect.. Objectives: To investigate whether the VTPW might improve the outcome in PE.. Methods: Retrospectively, the surgical indication, pre- and postoperative factors, recurrence and survival rate after VTPW were assessed. From June to October 2012, 6 subjects, who were diagnosed by echocardiography before the VTPW, were enrolled in this study.. Results: The operation time was 52.8 ± 17min. (mean ± SD), and there was no intra- or postoperative complication related with surgical procedure. Ejection Fraction rate (EF ratio) and cardiothoracic ratio (CTR) were improved (Fig. 1). ...
MUSIC PLAYING] KEVIN LANDOLFO: Pericardial disease is often under-recognised and difficult to diagnosis, requiring a team of dedicated professionals. JAE OH: It can really presents with a variety of symptoms. Can mimic other conditions. LESLIE COOPER: Sometimes its classic pericarditis, which is chest pain. It is worse with a deep, breath better with leaning forward, and worse if you lay on your back. But often, it can change with exertion, or it can not vary classically with position. Furthermore, it often overlaps with shortness of breath, which is notoriously a nonspecific symptom. In that setting, constriction may have developed. KEVIN GREASON: Some of the most common symptoms that patients present with with pericardial diseases would be related to right sided heart failure. Swelling in the ankles, lower extremities, early satiety, filling up easy, early when they eat, abdominal bloating after they eat, shortness of breath, other signs of heart failure. LESLIE COOPER: In the acute setting, ...
Cardiac Tamponade occurs when there is compression of the heart due to the entry of fluid in the pericardial sac. The pericardial sac is a protective covering that surrounds the heart and allows the heart to expand naturally so that it can pump blood without any problem. According to Philips AED packages providers, when fluid, pus or blood begin to collect and enters the sac, the heart is compressed and prevents it from being able to pump blood. Normally, the sac can hold only about 100 ml of fluid before the heart gives out.. Causes. One possible cause of cardiac Tamponade is a hormonal condition called hypothyroidism where gland is not able to produce thyroid hormones T3 and T4 necessary for metabolism and physiologic functioning. However, this is not the most common cause. According to Philips FR3 supplies specialists, the most common cause is penetrating trauma to the heart. The condition may affect the heart directly or the blood vessels that supply it. What happens is that the blood floods ...
We present the case of a 57-year-old lady who had a delayed diagnosis of central hypothyroidism on a background of Graves thyrotoxicosis and a partial thyroidectomy. During the twenty years following her partial thyroidectomy, the patient developed a constellation of symptoms and new diagnoses, which were investigated by numerous specialists from various fields, namely rheumatology, renal and respiratory. She developed significantly impaired renal function and raised creatine kinase (CK). She was also referred to a tertiary neurology service for investigation of myositis, which resulted in inconclusive muscle biopsies. Recurrently normal TSH results reassured clinicians that this did not relate to previous thyroid dysfunction. In 2015, she developed increased shortness of breath and was found to have a significant pericardial effusion. The clinical biochemist reviewed this ladys blood results and elected to add on a free T4 (fT4) and free T3 (fT3), which were found to be ,0.4 pmol/L (normal ...
Catheter pericardiocentesis was performed under fluoroscopy in 52 cases. Differentiated localized injection of contrast medium was of value for inserting the needle to a suitable site in the pericardial sac. The catheter tip could be positioned in different fluid filled compartments.
Pericarditis is inflammation or infection of the pericardium, the thin sac (membrane) that surrounds the heart. There is a small amount of fluid between the inner and outer layers of the pericardium. When the pericardium becomes inflamed, the amount of fluid between its two layers increases, causing a pericardial effusion. If the amount of fluid increases quickly, the effusion caused can impair the ability of the heart to function properly. This condition is called pericardial tamponade.. ...
Cardiac tamponade, also known as pericardial tamponade, is when fluid in the pericardium (the sac around the heart) builds up and results in compression of the heart. Onset may be rapid or more gradual. Symptoms typically include those of cardiogenic shock including shortness of breath, weakness, lightheadedness, and cough. Other symptoms may relate to the underlying cause. Common causes include cancer, kidney failure, chest trauma, and pericarditis. Other causes include connective tissue diseases, hypothyroidism, aortic rupture, and following cardiac surgery. In Africa, tuberculosis is a relatively common cause. Diagnosis may be suspected based on low blood pressure, jugular venous distension, pericardial rub, or quiet heart sounds. The diagnosis may be further supported by specific electrocardiogram (ECG) changes, chest X-ray, or an ultrasound of the heart. If fluid increases slowly the pericardial sac can expand to contain more than 2 liters; however, if the increase is rapid as little as 200 ...
Pericardiocentesis is a procedure to remove fluid that has built up in the sac around the heart. It is done using a needle and small catheter to drain excess fluid.
Dr. Bress responded: See below. During pericardiocentesis the exploring needle is connected to an |a href=/topics/electrode track_data={
Doctors give unbiased, helpful information on indications, contra-indications, benefits, and complications: Dr. Conrad on where in the body is a pericardiocentesis conducted: Just below the bottom of the sternum a needle is inserted and aimed at the right shoulder. Then it is slowly advanced until fluid can be withdrawn.
https://vimeo.com/173185095 Dr. Cameron Kyle-Sidell from the EM Residency in Mirebalais, Haiti, is back with an other fantastic video! This time on parasternal pericardiocentesis, demonstrated in real-time by one of the residents!
Pericardial effusion - Fluid around the heart. Peripheral neuropathy (PN) - Impaired nerve impulse transmission to the legs. ...
Gross lesions also include pulmonary congestion and pericardial effusion. Megaloschizonts appear as grey-white nodules found in ...
Pleural and pericardial effusion, sometimes sanguineous, has also been reported. On histology, multifocal necrosis with ...
Examples of effusion fluid are pleural effusion and pericardial effusion. There are many causes of effusions which include ... Pericardial fluid is a serous fluid secreted by the serous layer of the pericardium into the pericardial cavity. The ... This serous layer has two membranes which enclose the pericardial cavity into which is secreted the pericardial fluid. Blood ... Cytopathology evaluation is recommended to evaluate the causes of effusions in these cavities. Saliva consists of mucus and ...
"Mediastinal Pseudocyst with Pericardial Effusion and Dysphagia Treated by Endoscopic Drainage". Journal of the Pancreas. 7 (4 ...
Coxsackie B infection of the heart can lead to pericardial effusion. The development of insulin-dependent diabetes (IDDM) has ...
... a pericardial friction rub, a pericardial effusion, and changes on electrocardiogram (ECG) consistent with acute pericarditis. ... 100.4 F/38 C) and leukocytosis development of cardiac tamponade large pericardial effusion (echo-free space > 20 mm) resistant ... Clinical presentation of diseases of pericardium may vary between: Acute and recurrent pericarditis Pericardial effusion ... even a large pericardial effusion does not necessarily present a rub. The rub is best heard during the maximal movement of the ...
... is not usually useful for diagnosis of more minor pericardial effusion. Fewer than 1.5% of patients ... Cardiac tamponade is a medical emergency in which excessive accumulation of fluid within the pericardium (pericardial effusion ... Pleural and pericardial effusions", Supportive Oncology, Saint Louis: W.B. Saunders, pp. 354-361, doi:10.1016/b978-1-4377-1015- ... There may be a normal amount of pericardial fluid, but inflammation still causes compression of the heart. Removal of some of ...
Ultrasounds showing a pericardial effusion in someone with pericarditis A pericardial effusion as seen on CXR in someone with ... and low-voltage QRS complexes can also be seen if there is subsymptomatic levels of pericardial effusion. The PR depression is ... which should show a large pericardial effusion and diastolic collapse of the right ventricle and right atrium. Chest X-ray ... Pericarditis can progress to pericardial effusion and eventually cardiac tamponade. This can be seen in people who are ...
Preexisting ascites and pericardial effusions should be monitored closely for signs of worsening. The dosage in patients ...
Complications include pericarditis, pericardial effusion, pleuritis, pulmonary infiltration, and very rarely pericardial ... A chest X-ray might depict pleural effusion, pulmonary infiltration, or pericardial effusion. During medical doctor examination ... The pericardial fluid increases intra-pericardial pressure therefore preventing complete expansion of the atria and the ... with possible pericardial effusion), occasional but rare pulmonary infiltrates, and fatigue. Cough, pleuritic or retrosternal ...
... pulmonary oedema and pleural effusion, which lead to respiratory distress; myocardial oedema and pericardial effusion, which ...
The fungus has been recorded to cause fungal pericardial effusion and myocarditis in a French bulldog, that was under ... "Fungal myocarditis and pericardial effusion secondary to Inonotus tropicalis (phylum Basidiomycota) in a dog". Journal of ...
Also struts can migrate to the heart and can cause pericardial effusion and tamponade. Perforation into the duodenum: Resulting ... 1991). "Misplaced caval filter and subsequent pericardial tamponade". Annals of Thoracic Surgery. 51 (2): 299-300. doi:10.1016/ ...
Pericardial effusion) around his heart. Oerter was inducted into the Suffolk Sports Hall of Fame on Long Island in the Track & ...
It is seen in cardiac tamponade and severe pericardial effusion and is thought to be related to changes in the ventricular ... Electrical alternans with sinus tachycardia is a highly specific sign for large pericardial effusion. This is due to the ... Electrical Alternans with Pericardial Tamponade, New England Journal of Medicine, 20 August 2015, doi:10.1056/NEJMicm1408805 v ... swinging motion of the heart in the pericardial cavity causing a beat-to-beat variation in QRS axis and amplitude. Patients ...
Side effects such as hypotension, myocardial infarction, congestive heart failure, cardiac fibrosis, pericardial effusion and ...
"Use of Yunnan Baiyao and epsilon aminocaproic acid in dogs with right atrial masses and pericardial effusion". Journal of ... "Use of Yunnan Baiyao and epsilon aminocaproic acid in dogs with right atrial masses and pericardial effusion". Journal of ... Baiyao does not delay recurrence of clinical signs or improve survival in dogs with right atrial masses or pericardial effusion ...
Serositis with pleural and pericardial effusions are seen in up to 10% of these patients. On the other hand, flares of lupus ...
Pericardial effusion Constrictive pericarditis Pericardial tamponade An important use of the jugular venous pressure is to ... pericardial effusion, and severe right-sided heart failure.[citation needed] An exaggerated "y" wave or diastolic collapse of ...
... pericardial effusion, and severe right-sided heart failure.[citation needed] With cardiac tamponade, jugular veins are ...
If pericarditis were to persist, pericardial effusion may also occur which could in turn lead to cardiac tamponade if not ...
... refers to blood in the pericardial sac of the heart. It is clinically similar to a pericardial effusion, and, ... The fluid build-up then causes pressure within the pericardial sac to increase. If the pressure becomes greater than the ... It typically begins with blood accumulating in the pericardial sac posterior to the heart, and eventually expands to surround ... bleeding into the pericardial sac following a type A aortic dissection, and as a complication of invasive cardiac procedures. ...
Pericardial effusion - The serous pericardium normally contains fluid that reduces friction, but an abnormal accumulation of ... Pericardial cavity - Transverse pericardial sinus - Pericardium - The cardiac physical exam focuses on portions of the physical ... If an effusion worsens then the fluid can inhibit heart function and symptoms of cardiac tamponade appear. Treatment includes ... Pericardial tamponade - Tamponade is a medical emergency resulting from accumulation of fluid in the pericardium that inhibits ...
... or pericardial effusion. Many anatomic spaces are potential spaces, which means that they are potential rather than realized ( ... of the head and neck Infratemporal space Intercostal space Intermembrane space Interstitial spaces Mental space Pericardial ...
4 C's: Comatose Convulsing Corrosive hydrocarbon PQRST(EKG waves): Pericardial effusion Quantity of fluid raised (fluid over ... alveolar air space disease with prominent vascularity with or without pleural effusions) "If you see holes on chest X-ray, they ... pleural effusions) Diaphragm (evidence of free air) / digestive tract Edges (apices for fibrosis, pneumothorax, pleural ...
An accumulation of as little as 75 ml of blood, acquired acutely in a patient without pre-existing pericardial effusion, is ... Other presenting signs associated with myocardial rupture include a pericardial friction rub, sluggish flow in the coronary ... the exception being in the scenario where the patient has had prior open heart surgery and has obliterative fibrous pericardial ... as this is associated with immediate hemodynamic collapse and death secondary to acute pericardial tamponade. Rupture of the ...
... pericardial effusion, splenomegaly, kidney dysfunction, non-specific skin lesions, a 6-year history of eosinophilia, and, on ...
... pericardial effusion) These side effects are similar to those that occur with other electrical stimulation therapies, such as ...
pericardial effusion, including cardiac tamponade cardiogenic shock Pulmonary: pulmonary embolism tension pneumothorax asthma ( ... However, in situations where the left ventricular pressure remains higher than the pericardial sac (most frequently from ...
... malignant effusion) A CT scan showing a pericardial effusion A large anechoic (black) pericardial effusion as seen on ... usually sufficient to evaluate pericardial effusion and it may also help distinguish pericardial effusion from pleural effusion ... pericardial effusion from autoimmune etiologies may benefit from anti-inflammatory medications. Pericardial effusion due to a ... A pericardial effusion is an abnormal accumulation of fluid in the pericardial cavity. The pericardium is a two-part membrane ...
Care guide for Pericardial Effusion (Inpatient Care). Includes: possible causes, signs and symptoms, standard treatment options ... Pericardial effusion is a buildup of fluid in the pericardium. The pericardium is a 2-layer sac that surrounds the heart. The ... Pericardiocentesis is a procedure used to take a sample of fluid from the pericardial pericardium with a needle. The fluid is ...
The spectrum of pericardial effusions ranges from mild asymptomatic effusions to cardiac tamponade. Pericardial effusion in ... In patients with life-threatening pericardial effusion, which has led to cardiac tamponade, it is important to rapidly identify ... In this chapter, pericardial effusion in dogs is emphasized. ... More commonly seen in dogs, the clinical signs of pericardial ... Pericardial disease in dogs is relatively uncommon, but its presence may be life-threatening. It is an incidental finding or ...
I take mestinon and bystolic for the p.o.t.s. But an echo I had back in dec showed tiny amount of pericardial effusion and ... mild tricuspid regurg and small anterior pericardial effusion. It seems that a lot has changed in the 8 months since the last ...
A previously well 47-year-old woman presented with a 4-week history of non-productive cough and lethargy without weight loss, orthopnoea or exertional dyspnoea. She was normotensive and a non-smoker.. Clinical examination was unremarkable, and no lymphadenopathy was detected. Routine blood tests including inflammatory markers were normal. The electrocardiogram showed sinus rhythm with non-specific T ...
Pericardial effusion is a buildup of fluid in the space between the heart and the sac around the heart (pericardium). ...
i have a small pericardial effusion i am scared HELP!!! i had an echo and no di stress test 24 heart moniter and all came out ... i have a small pericardial effusion i am scared HELP!!!. i have a small pericardial effusion i am scared HELP!!! i had an echo ... i have a small pericardial effusion i am scared HELP!!! i had an echo and no di stress test 24 heart moniter and all came out ... I also have a small pericardial effusion. This was discovered recently during a CT scan of my heart performed as part of the ...
... cases in Germany. 6.895 cases in the year 2018 6.964 cases in the year 2021 ( Prognosis ) ... Here you will find medical specialists in the field Pericardial effusion. All listed physicians are specialists in their field ... Your way to finding the right doctor: Pericardial effusion. Free-of-charge inquiry. ...
The size and site of effusion were related to the type of surgery. None of the small pericardial effusions increased in size; ... CONCLUSIONS--Pericardial effusion after cardiac surgery is common and its size and site are related to the type of surgery. ... MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES--Size and site of pericardial effusion evaluated by cross sectional echocardiography and signs of cardiac ... OBJECTIVE--To evaluate the incidence, characteristics, and haemodynamic consequences of pericardial effusion after cardiac ...
Diagnostic imaging confirmed pericardial effusion and cardiac tamponade in addition to a mass located at the heart base. ... Ectopic medullary (C cell) thyroid carcinoma in a dog with pericardial effusion. 24 Oct 2018 ... crossbreed was presented to the University of Liverpool Small Animal Teaching Hospital for evaluation of pericardial effusion. ...
Repeat CXR after 3 days showed almost complete clearance of the pericardial effusion without any specific treatment. What is ... What is the mechanism of spontaneous clearance of pericardial effusion,/b,? ... presented with history of fever of 1 month duration and massive pericardial effusion on X-ray chest. There was no sign of ... A:Pericardial effusion that resolves spontaneously is generally viral pericarditis; this a fairly common cause for pericardial ...
Loculated pleural effusions can occur in isolation and, as in this case, be idiopathic. ... Loculated pleural effusions can occur in isolation and, as in this case, be idiopathic. ...
Echocardiograhy and subsequently pericardiocentesis was performed, 1200 ml of fluid was aspirated from the pericardial sac, ... Ultrasound confirmed pericardial effusion with a mean thickness of approximately 30 mm, indicating a significant buildup of ... Grossyl enlarged cardiac shadow demonstrating the water bottle sign, bilateral pleural effusion, multiple intrapulmonary masses ... Echocardiograhy and subsequently pericardiocentesis was performed, 1200 ml of fluid was aspirated from the pericardial sac, ...
Meigs syndrome with massive pericardial effusion, bilateral pleural effusion and ascites. September 2005Br J Cardiol 2005;12: ... We report here what we believe to be the first case of a patient with pericardial effusion complicating Meigs syndrome. ... Meigs syndrome is a condition in which an ovarian tumour (usually a fibroma) is associated with ascites and pleural effusion. ...
Pericardial tamponade. A presenting manifestation of procainamide-induced lupus erythematosus. The American journal of medicine ...
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Pericardial effusion can be a life-threatening complication in children after cardiac surgery. Percutaneous pericardiocentesis ... Indian Pediatr 51(3):211-213 CrossRefPubMed Bagri NK, Yadav DK, Agarwal S, Aier T, Gupta V (2014) Pericardial effusion in ... Pericardial effusion can be a life-threatening complication in children after cardiac surgery. Percutaneous pericardiocentesis ... Zurück zum Zitat Bagri NK, Yadav DK, Agarwal S, Aier T, Gupta V (2014) Pericardial effusion in children: experience from ...
Which treatment in pericardial effusion?. Campione A. 1, Cacchiarelli M. 2, Ghiribelli C. 1, Caloni V. 2, DAgata A. 1, Gotti G ... We con-sid-ered per-i-car-dial effu-sions -during 5 -years.. -Methods. We -reviewed 64 -cases: 14 -acute per-i-car-dial effu- ... Per-i-car-di-o-cen-tesis is to be pre-ferred in -acute per-i-car-dial effu-sion -with car-diac tam-po-nade to -avoid gen-eral - ... Acute per-i-car-dial effu-sions -with car-diac tam-po-nade under-went -echo--guided per-i-car-di-o-cen-tesis. In 43 we had a ...
QA of the Month: October 2011 - Pericardial Effusion The ultrasound team is very excited to introduce our inaugural edition of ... This was a terrific pick up and the formal echo performed agreed with the moderate sized pericardial effusion without evidence ... Its also important to remember the differentiation between pericardial effusion and epicardial fat pad (a very common cause of ... We encourage you all to try a subxiphoid or parasternal view to quickly assess for pericardial effusion. ...
Evidence of pericardial metastasis on preoperative imaging and cytopathologic confirmation that the PE and/or pericardial ... The median OS duration was 4 months (range 0 to 39 months). Multivariate analysis found that evidence of pericardial metastasis ... who were treated with a pericardial window operation. Overall survival (OS) was estimated from the date of surgery, and ... Although pericardial effusion (PE) is not uncommon in patients with cancer, it may lead to cardiac tamponade, a life- ...
Pericardial effusion is a relatively common finding in high-risk patients evaluated in the emergency department [1]. It should ... Video 18.3 Pericardial effusion and pleural effusion in the parasternal long axis view. Pericardial effusion can occasionally ... Video 18.6 Pericardial effusion with right atrial collapse. Pericardial effusion (Pef) is seen as echo free space around the ... right pleural effusion, ascites, and pericardial fat. In this patient, a large pericardial effusion (Pef) is seen as an echo ...
Pericardial fluid is considered normal in the absence of pericardial disease if it appears as a homogeneous or echo... ... are quite sensitive and can identify the presence of pericardial fluid even at the normal amount of 15-35 mL. ... In imaging for pericardial effusion (see the images below), echocardiography and tomographic modalities (MRI, CT, EBT) ... Loculated pericardial effusion. Contrast-enhanced chest CT demonstrates a pericardial effusion. The effusion is loculated on ...
... Turker Tasliyurt,1 Hakan Sivgin,1 Lutfu Bekar,2 Safak Sahin,1 ... Turker Tasliyurt, Hakan Sivgin, Lutfu Bekar, et al., "A Rare Cause of Pericardial Effusion: Giant Cell Arteritis," Case Reports ...
Care guide for Pericardial Effusion (Discharge Care). Includes: possible causes, signs and symptoms, standard treatment options ... Pericardial effusion is a buildup of fluid in the pericardium. The pericardium is a 2-layer sac that surrounds the heart. The ...
This is called pericardial effusion. This extra fluid puts pressure on the heart and can cause chest pain and serious heart ...
Excess epicardial and mediastinal fat can mimic pericardial effusion and/or pericardial masses 2,3. In addition, excess fat can ... Epicardial and Mediastinal Fat Mimicking Pericardial Effusion. James Woo MD, Leila Khorashadi MD, Vikram Venkatesh MD, John ... Illustrative Cases in Pericardial Effusion Misdetection: Correlation of Echocardiography and CT. Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol ... Steroid-induced mediastinal lipomatosis with radiographic features of pericardial effusion. Am J Emerg Med 2000;18(3):346-8.. ...
Although neoplastic pericardial effusion (PE) carries a poor prognosis, benign idiopathic pericardial effusion does not. ... Cardiac magnetic resonance in the differentiation of neoplastic and nonneoplastic pericardial effusion.. Boddy KN1, Sleeper MM ... but currently available diagnostic techniques such as echocardiography and pericardial fluid cytology often are inconclusive. ... Pericardial Effusion/diagnosis. *Pericardial Effusion/etiology. *Pericardial Effusion/pathology. *Pericardial Effusion/ ...
Retrieved from "https://www.wikidoc.org/index.php?title=Pericardial_effusion&oldid=892037" ...
Microcavitation Contrast Method for the Drainage of Bloody Pericardial Effusion. Takamichi Miyamoto, Shingo Watanabe, Tohru ... Microcavitation Contrast Method for the Drainage of Bloody Pericardial Effusion. Takamichi Miyamoto, Shingo Watanabe and Tohru ... Microcavitation Contrast Method for the Drainage of Bloody Pericardial Effusion. Takamichi Miyamoto, Shingo Watanabe and Tohru ... A 78-year-old woman experienced cardiac tamponade (Figure 1). At first, a drainage tube was inserted into the pericardial ...
Pericardial effusions can cause cardiac tamponade and be life-threatening. ... Pericardial Effusions are discussed including the etiology, diagnosis and treatment. ... A pericardial effusion occurs when a significant amount of fluid fills the pericardial space. Individuals without pericardial ... Iatrogenic pericardial effusions are common after cardiac surgery and frequently require drainage. Pericardial effusions caused ...
Diagnostic checklist, medical tests, doctor questions, and related signs or symptoms for Pericardial effusion. ... List of 37 disease causes of Pericardial effusion, patient stories, diagnostic guides. ... Pericardial effusion: Symptom Checker Symptom Checker *Pericardial effusion and Head symptoms (24 causes) *Pericardial effusion ... Pericardial effusion and Skin symptoms (20 causes) *Pericardial effusion and Pain (20 causes) *Pericardial effusion and Chest ...
Initially her condition was managed with a pericardial window. The recurrence of a massive pericardial effusion necessitated a ... Hydralazine Induced Lupus Syndrome Presenting with Recurrent Pericardial Effusion and a Negative Antinuclear Antibody. Praneet ... After hydralazine was stopped, she never had any further episodes of pericardial effusion or tamponade. ... antibody in a female patient who was on hydralazine for a period of 1.5-2 years and developed recurrent pericardial effusion as ...
In patients with pericardial effusion after cardiac surgery, diclofenac neither reduced the size of the effusions nor prevented ... The initial mean pericardial effusion grade was 2.58 (SD, 0.73) for the placebo group and 2.75 (SD, 0.81) for the diclofenac ... Asymptomatic postoperative pericardial effusions: against the routine use of anti-inflammatory drug therapy. [Ann Intern Med. ... 196 patients at high risk for tamponade because of moderate to large persistent pericardial effusion (grade 2, 3, or 4 on a ...
Learn about minimally invasive procedures for pleural effusion such as a thoracentesis at The Lung Center at Brigham and ... Pericardial effusion affects the functioning of the heart and can lead to heart failure. ... An abnormal accumulation of fluid in these areas is called an effusion. With pleural effusion or "water on the lungs," a build- ... Pleural Effusion Services Normally, the body produces small amounts of fluid to lubricate the pleura-the lining around the ...
Pericardial effusions not caused by cancers often respond to just the draining and the dogs do great. So, we have to figure out ... Dogs with pericardial effusion have pale gums, low body temperature, low blood pressure and are unable to stand up. If the ... How do you treat a patient with pericardial effusion? With a very large needle. Someone wise once said "There is no body cavity ... One of the saddest things about cases of cancerous pericardial effusion is that the outcome is often not good in the long term ...
Pericardial Effusion, Pericardiectomy, Pericardiocentesis, Pericardium, Pleural Effusion, Malignant, Sclerosing Solutions, ... Systematic Review of Percutaneous Interventions for Malignant Pericardial Effusion. Heart 2015;Jul 15:[Epub ahead of print]. ... YOU ARE HERE: Home , Latest in Cardiology , Percutaneous Interventions for Pericardial Effusion ... The predetermined primary endpoint was recurrence of pericardial effusion. The primary endpoint of MPE recurrence was pooled ...
Compared to those without pericardial effusion, patients shown to have pericardial fluid tended to have decreased RBC, Hct, Hgb ... 慢性関節リウマチ患者における心包液貯留―超音波診断装置による検索― [in Japanese] Prevalence of periCardial effusion in patients with rheumatoid arthritis -An ... Of 50 RA patients studied so far, fifteen (30%) showed evidence of posterior pericardial effusion, as recorded on the strip ... In order to determine the incidence of pericardial effusion in
... Currently selected. *EFFUSIONS PERICARDIAL PERITONEAL AND PLEURAL FLUIDS (2) ... Home , Patient Care , Specialties and Services , Pathology , EFFUSIONS PERICARDIAL PERITONEAL AND PLEURAL FLUIDS ... CHROMOSOME ANALYSIS OF BONE MARROW BONE CORE HEMATOLOGIC DISORDERS BLOOD EFFUSION FLUID (2) ... CHROMOSOME ANALYSIS OF BONE MARROW BONE CORE HEMATOLOGIC DISORDERS BLOOD EFFUSION FLUID ...
Spontaneous Remission in Congenital Leukemia AML-M1 with Pericardial Effusion Ali Bülbül1*, Mesut Dursun2, Yıldız Yıldırmak3, ... 2003) Isolated pericardial effusion in the human fetus: a report of three cases. Prenat Diagn 23: 193-197. ... During the follow-up period massive pericardial effusion was detected. This case is presented due to emphasize the rare ... Hirashima C, Eguchi Y, Kohmura Y, Minakami H, Sato I (2000) Isolated pericardial effusion and transient abnormal myelopoiesis ...
He called attention to the absence of pericardial effusion in his cases. White4 comments on the infrequency of pericardial ... LARGE PERICARDIAL EFFUSION COMPLICATING ACUTE CORONARY THROMBOSIS1 E. STERLING NICHOL, M.D., F.A.C.P. ... Treating Postoperative Pericardial Effusion With Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drug Therapy Annals of Internal Medicine; 152 ( ... LARGE PERICARDIAL EFFUSION COMPLICATING ACUTE CORONARY THROMBOSIS1. Ann Intern Med. ;11:1900-1906. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-11-10 ...
PALMA, José Honório et al. Video-thoracoscopic pericardial drainage in the treatment of pericardial effusions. Rev Bras Cir ... METHODS: From April 2005 to December 2007, 26 patients with pericardial effusion underwent a video-thoracoscopic pericardial ... Keywords : Pericardium; Thoracic surgery, video-assisted; Pericardial effusion [surgery]. · abstract in Portuguese · text in ... The intervention could possibly be the new gold standard treatment of pericardial effusion in selected patients. ...
glossary:pericardial_effusion. Pericardial Effusion:. A collection of fluid or blood in the pericardial space (inside the ... glossary/pericardial_effusion.txt · Last modified: 2012/10/16 14:40 (external edit) ... pericardial sac) around the heart. Some causes include congestive heart failure, cancer and autoimmune disease. ...
  • Non-cardiac symptoms may also present due to the enlarging pericardial effusion compressing nearby structures. (wikipedia.org)
  • Post-cardiac surgery pericardial effusions contribute to 54% of total effusions in the pediatric population. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cardiac inflammation: idiopathic pericarditis is the most common inflammatory cause of pericardial effusion in the United States. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pericardial effusion in dogs has an overall prevalence of 0.43% in general and occurs in approximately 7-10% of the dogs with clinical signs of cardiac disease. (intechopen.com)
  • Grossyl enlarged cardiac shadow demonstrating the water bottle sign , bilateral pleural effusion, multiple intrapulmonary masses. (radiopaedia.org)
  • Pericardial effusion can be a life-threatening complication in children after cardiac surgery. (springermedizin.de)
  • The patient's admission chest x-ray demonstrating an enlarged cardiac silhouette, evidence of bilateral pleural effusions, more prominent on the left hemithorax, and a left lung lesion. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In contrary, the detection of pericardial effusion throughout cardiac cycle including diastolic phase was found only in 13% of Group 2 whereas none in Group 1 (p =0.02). (scitechnol.com)
  • Pericardiocentesis is a procedure used to take a sample of fluid from the pericardial pericardium with a needle. (drugs.com)
  • Echocardiograhy and subsequently pericardiocentesis was performed, 1200 ml of fluid was aspirated from the pericardial sac, which was proved to be malignant by cytology. (radiopaedia.org)
  • This study demonstrates a novel, long-axis pericardiocentesis technique that allows for an easy and safe needle entry into the pericardial space for small children in the early postoperative period. (springermedizin.de)
  • Zurück zum Zitat Tsang TS, Barnes ME, Hayes SN, Freeman WK, Dearani JA, Butler SL, Seward JB (1999) Clinical and echocardiographic characteristics of significant pericardial effusions following cardiothoracic surgery and outcomes for echo-guided pericardiocentesis for management: Mayo clinic experience, 1979-1998. (springermedizin.de)
  • Loculated pleural effusions can occur in isolation and, as in this case, be idiopathic. (radiopaedia.org)
  • Pleural effusions. (iabcr.org)
  • A 30 year old man, presented with history of fever of 1 month duration and massive pericardial effusion on X-ray chest. (ndtv.com)
  • We describe a case report with massive pericardial effusion caused by M. simiae in a non‐HIV‐infected female patient, who presented with complaints of gradually increasing breathlessness and cough over a period of 1 month. (microbiologyresearch.org)
  • In pediatric patients, small pericardial effusion commonly occurs in various conditions. (scitechnol.com)
  • We investigate whether the detection of small pericardial effusion has limited value in diagnosis of KD. (scitechnol.com)
  • The rate of detected small pericardial effusion during systole in URI children was similar to KD group (63.6%, p=1.00). (scitechnol.com)
  • Conclusion:Defining small pericardial effusion only during systole is quite accustomed among young children. (scitechnol.com)
  • A CT scan image showing a pericardial effusion A very large hemorrhagic pericardial effusion due to malignancy as seen on ultrasound. (wikipedia.org)
  • This retrospective study describes our experience with a novel, long-axis in-plane real-time ultrasound (US)-guided technique for postoperative pericardial effusion drainage in small children. (springermedizin.de)
  • When pericardial effusion is suspected, echocardiography usually confirms the diagnosis and allows assessment for signs of hemodynamic instability. (wikipedia.org)
  • According to these, in acute symptomatic effusions the method of therapeutic choice should be pericardiosynthesis with the guidance of echocardiography. (archivestsc.com)
  • German shepherds, golden retrievers, Great Danes, and Saint Bernards appear to be predisposed to idiopathic pericardial effusion. (intechopen.com)
  • The most common cause of pericardial effusion is neoplasia followed by idiopathic. (ivpocus.org)
  • Any process that leads to injury or inflammation of the pericardium and/or inhibits appropriate lymphatic drainage of the fluid from the pericardial cavity leads to fluid accumulation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Metabolic: hypothyroidism(myxedema coma), severe protein deficiency Traumatic: penetrating or blunt chest trauma, aortic dissection Reduced lymphatic drainage: congestive heart failure, nephrotic syndrome How much fluid is stored in the pericardial sac at one particular time is based on the balance between production and reabsorption. (wikipedia.org)
  • In some cases, surgical drainage may be required by cutting through the pericardium creating a pericardial window. (wikipedia.org)
  • Zurück zum Zitat Lock JE, Bass JL, Kulik TJ, Fuhrman BP (1984) Chronic percutaneous pericardial drainage with modified pigtail catheters in children. (springermedizin.de)
  • Zurück zum Zitat Zahn EM, Houde C, Benson L, Freedom RM (1992) Percutaneous pericardial catheter drainage in childhood. (springermedizin.de)
  • Diagnostic approach to pleural effusion in adults. (iabcr.org)
  • Chronic Pericardial Effusion: Diagnostic and Therapeutic Methods Chronic pericardial effusion is a very important clinical situation that can cause morbidity and mortality. (archivestsc.com)
  • A good knowledge of clinical presentation of pericardial effusions, diagnostic methods, and different therapeutic approaches is very important. (archivestsc.com)
  • Autoimmune: lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, Sjögren syndrome, scleroderma, Dressler's syndrome, sarcoidosis Drug hypersensitivity/ side effects: Chemotherapy drugs (doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide), Minoxidil Others: kidney failure, uremia Neoplastic: pericardial effusions may present as primary manifestations of underlying malignancy. (wikipedia.org)
  • closed arrow: the heart, open arrow: the effusion Pericardial effusion due to malignancy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Purpose of Review: Pericardial effusion is commonly associated with malignancy. (northwestern.edu)
  • A pericardial effusion is an abnormal accumulation of fluid in the pericardial cavity. (wikipedia.org)
  • Because of the limited amount of space in the pericardial cavity, fluid accumulation leads to an increased intrapericardial pressure which can negatively affect heart function. (wikipedia.org)
  • malignant (due to fluid accumulation caused by metastasis) The most common causes of pericardial effusion have changed over time and vary depending on geography and the population in question. (wikipedia.org)
  • Further, a rapid accumulation of fluid into the pericardial sac results in a rapid increase in intrapericardial pressure. (intechopen.com)
  • The most common cause of pericardial effusion in cats is congestive heart failure. (ivpocus.org)
  • The pericardium, specifically the pericardial fluid provides lubrication, maintains the anatomic position of the heart in the chest, and also serves as a barrier to protect the heart from infection and inflammation in adjacent tissues and organs. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pericardial effusion is a buildup of fluid in the pericardium. (drugs.com)
  • The pericardium composed of fibrous and serous layers of the pericardial cavity is situated within the mediastinum. (intechopen.com)
  • The pericardial cavity normally contains only a thin film of fluid positioned between parietal and visceral layers of serous pericardium [ 1 ]. (intechopen.com)
  • The addition of sclerosing agents decreases recurrence slightly but creates significant pain and can lead to pericardial constriction and therefore has fallen out of favor. (northwestern.edu)
  • The two layers of the serous membrane enclose the pericardial cavity (the potential space) between them. (wikipedia.org)
  • By definition, a pericardial effusion occurs when the volume of fluid in the cavity exceeds the normal limit. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pericardial effusion usually results from a disturbed equilibrium between the production and re-absorption of pericardial fluid, or from a structural abnormality that allows fluid to enter the pericardial cavity. (wikipedia.org)
  • The thoracic cavity contains two pleural cavities and a third serous membrane-lined space, the pericardial cavity. (intechopen.com)
  • More commonly seen in dogs, the clinical signs of pericardial disease can be easily overlooked or mistaken for those of other disease processes. (intechopen.com)
  • Evidence of pericardial metastasis on preoperative imaging and cytopathologic confirmation that the PE and/or pericardial tissue are positive for malignant cells can be used to predict poor clinical outcomes in patients with cancer-related PE. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Recurrent pericarditis (RP) is a clinical syndrome characterized by recurrent attacks of acute pericardial inflammation. (manuscriptpro.com)
  • Surgical approach is based on effusion location and clinical condition. (northwestern.edu)
  • Out of all the numerous causes of pericardial effusion, some of the leading causes are inflammatory, infectious, neoplastic and traumatic. (wikipedia.org)
  • The normal pericardial sac contains 2-10 mL of clear, thin, serous fluid that acts primarily as a lubricant. (intechopen.com)
  • HIV-1-Related Cardiovascular Disease Is Associated With Chronic Inflammation, Frequent Pericardial Effusions, and Probable Myocardial Edema. (ox.ac.uk)
  • The etiology plays a crucial role in the treatment of chronic effusions. (archivestsc.com)
  • In chronic recurrent effusions balloon pericardiotomy and in purulent and tuberculosis pericardial effusions surgery are the appropriate approaches. (archivestsc.com)
  • Others with larger effusions may present with chest pressure or pain, dyspnea, shortness of breath, and malaise (a general feeling of discomfort or illness). (wikipedia.org)
  • 16. Sherwani R, Akhtar K, Abrari A, Hajra S. Pleural effusion cytology as an aid in the diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis. (iabcr.org)
  • This pericardial space contains a small amount of pericardial fluid. (wikipedia.org)
  • But an echo I had back in dec showed tiny amount of pericardial effusion and trace tricuspid regurg. (medhelp.org)
  • A six-year-old, female, neutered crossbreed was presented to the University of Liverpool Small Animal Teaching Hospital for evaluation of pericardial effusion. (bva.co.uk)
  • Some people may be asymptomatic and the effusion may be an incidental finding on an exam. (wikipedia.org)
  • A small effusion may be asymptomatic. (wikipedia.org)
  • We present the case of a 59-year-old patient with severe aortic stenosis, asymptomatic mild to moderate pericardial effusion and no major risk factors for poor prognosis. (italjmed.org)
  • Important etiologies of pericardial effusions are inflammatory and infectious (pericarditis), neoplastic, traumatic, and metabolic causes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Neoplastic pericardial effusion is seen in brachycephalic breeds and short breeds. (intechopen.com)
  • Cross-sectional imaging with computed tomography (CT) can help to localize and quantify (as in a loculated effusion) or assess for pericardial pathology (pericardial thickening, constrictive pericarditis). (wikipedia.org)
  • Pericardial disease in dogs is relatively uncommon, but its presence may be life-threatening. (intechopen.com)
  • Pericardial effusion due to a viral infection usually goes away within a few weeks without the treatment. (wikipedia.org)
  • AM cardiology report PEARLS 1/19: ddx for new pericardial effusions! (wordpress.com)
  • The echocardiogram was obtained to define pericardial effusion during systole and diastole. (scitechnol.com)
  • Even in the presence of a patient without risk factor of poor prognosis, pericardial effusion can be the first sign of occult neoplasia. (italjmed.org)
  • Now it shows mild mitral regurg, mild sclerosis of aortic valve, mild aortic insufficiency, mild tricuspid regurg and small anterior pericardial effusion. (medhelp.org)
  • If the fluid accumulates more than the limit in the pericardial sac, it is defined as pericardial effusion. (intechopen.com)
  • If the pericardial effusion is due to a condition such as lupus, treatment with anti-inflammatory medications may help. (wikipedia.org)
  • He underwent four-week course of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (ibuprofen 600 mg TID) with no improvement of the effusion. (italjmed.org)
  • We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 55 patients with cancer with PE between January 2003 and October 2012, who were treated with a pericardial window operation. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Between January 2003 and October 2012, 139 patients underwent pericardial window surgery for PE associated with various conditions. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Furosemide should be used cautiously in patients with pericardial effusion. (ivpocus.org)
  • Summary: Most patients with symptomatic pericardial disease have a short median survival time due to their underlying disease. (northwestern.edu)
  • CONCLUSIONS: Treated HIV infection is associated with changes in myocardial structure and function in addition to higher rates of subclinical myocardial edema and fibrosis and frequent pericardial effusions. (ox.ac.uk)