The space or compartment surrounded by the pelvic girdle (bony pelvis). It is subdivided into the greater pelvis and LESSER PELVIS. The pelvic girdle is formed by the PELVIC BONES and SACRUM.
The flattened, funnel-shaped expansion connecting the URETER to the KIDNEY CALICES.
Pathological processes involving the URETERS.
Abnormal enlargement or swelling of a KIDNEY due to dilation of the KIDNEY CALICES and the KIDNEY PELVIS. It is often associated with obstruction of the URETER or chronic kidney diseases that prevents normal drainage of urine into the URINARY BLADDER.
Blockage in any part of the URETER causing obstruction of urine flow from the kidney to the URINARY BLADDER. The obstruction may be congenital, acquired, unilateral, bilateral, complete, partial, acute, or chronic. Depending on the degree and duration of the obstruction, clinical features vary greatly such as HYDRONEPHROSIS and obstructive nephropathy.
Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the ureter.
Tumors or cancer of the pelvic region.
Radiography of any part of the urinary tract.
The duct which coveys URINE from the pelvis of the KIDNEY through the URETERS, BLADDER, and URETHRA.
Stones in the URETER that are formed in the KIDNEY. They are rarely more than 5 mm in diameter for larger renal stones cannot enter ureters. They are often lodged at the ureteral narrowing and can cause excruciating renal colic.
Retrograde flow of urine from the URINARY BLADDER into the URETER. This is often due to incompetence of the vesicoureteral valve leading to ascending bacterial infection into the KIDNEY.
Surgery performed on the urinary tract or its parts in the male or female. For surgery of the male genitalia, UROLOGIC SURGICAL PROCEDURES, MALE is available.
Recesses of the kidney pelvis which divides into two wide, cup-shaped major renal calices, with each major calix subdivided into 7 to 14 minor calices. Urine empties into a minor calix from collecting tubules, then passes through the major calix, renal pelvis, and ureter to enter the urinary bladder. (From Moore, Clinically Oriented Anatomy, 3d ed, p211)
A rare congenital abnormality resulting in the URETER passing dorsal to and being obstructed by the INFERIOR VENA CAVA.
A musculomembranous sac along the URINARY TRACT. URINE flows from the KIDNEYS into the bladder via the ureters (URETER), and is held there until URINATION.
One of three bones that make up the coxal bone of the pelvic girdle. In tetrapods, it is the part of the pelvis that projects backward on the ventral side, and in primates, it bears the weight of the sitting animal.
The epithelial lining of the URINARY TRACT.
One of a pair of thick-walled tubes that transports urine from the KIDNEY PELVIS to the URINARY BLADDER.
A malignant neoplasm derived from TRANSITIONAL EPITHELIAL CELLS, occurring chiefly in the URINARY BLADDER; URETERS; or RENAL PELVIS.
The destruction of a calculus of the kidney, ureter, bladder, or gallbladder by physical forces, including crushing with a lithotriptor through a catheter. Focused percutaneous ultrasound and focused hydraulic shock waves may be used without surgery. Lithotripsy does not include the dissolving of stones by acids or litholysis. Lithotripsy by laser is LITHOTRIPSY, LASER.
Body organ that filters blood for the secretion of URINE and that regulates ion concentrations.
The part of the pelvis, inferior to the pelvic brim, that comprises both the pelvic cavity and the part of the PERINEUM lying inferior to the PELVIC DIAPHRAGM.
Measurement of the dimensions and capacity of the pelvis. It includes cephalopelvimetry (measurement of fetal head size in relation to maternal pelvic capacity), a prognostic guide to the management of LABOR, OBSTETRIC associated with disproportion.
Cancer or tumors of the URETER which may cause obstruction leading to hydroureter, HYDRONEPHROSIS, and PYELONEPHRITIS. HEMATURIA is a common symptom.
A bone that forms the lower and anterior part of each side of the hip bone.
Stones in the KIDNEY, usually formed in the urine-collecting area of the kidney (KIDNEY PELVIS). Their sizes vary and most contains CALCIUM OXALATE.
Five fused VERTEBRAE forming a triangle-shaped structure at the back of the PELVIS. It articulates superiorly with the LUMBAR VERTEBRAE, inferiorly with the COCCYX, and anteriorly with the ILIUM of the PELVIS. The sacrum strengthens and stabilizes the PELVIS.
Excision of kidney.
Tumors or cancers of the KIDNEY.
Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the urinary bladder.
Tumors or cancer of the URINARY TRACT in either the male or the female.
All the organs involved in reproduction and the formation and release of URINE. It includes the kidneys, ureters, BLADDER; URETHRA, and the organs of reproduction - ovaries, UTERUS; FALLOPIAN TUBES; VAGINA; and CLITORIS in women and the testes; SEMINAL VESICLES; PROSTATE; seminal ducts; and PENIS in men.
The largest of three bones that make up each half of the pelvic girdle.
Endoscopes for examining the interior of the ureter.
Congenital structural abnormalities of the UROGENITAL SYSTEM in either the male or the female.
Surgical formation of an opening in the ureter for external drainage of the urine; cutaneous route utilizes a ureteral orifice emerging through the skin.
Unstriated and unstriped muscle, one of the muscles of the internal organs, blood vessels, hair follicles, etc. Contractile elements are elongated, usually spindle-shaped cells with centrally located nuclei. Smooth muscle fibers are bound together into sheets or bundles by reticular fibers and frequently elastic nets are also abundant. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.
An area occupying the most posterior aspect of the ABDOMINAL CAVITY. It is bounded laterally by the borders of the quadratus lumborum muscles and extends from the DIAPHRAGM to the brim of the true PELVIS, where it continues as the pelvic extraperitoneal space.
An abnormal passage in any part of the URINARY TRACT between itself or with other organs.
Low-density crystals or stones in any part of the URINARY TRACT. Their chemical compositions often include CALCIUM OXALATE, magnesium ammonium phosphate (struvite), CYSTINE, or URIC ACID.
A procedure in which a laparoscope (LAPAROSCOPES) is inserted through a small incision near the navel to examine the abdominal and pelvic organs in the PERITONEAL CAVITY. If appropriate, biopsy or surgery can be performed during laparoscopy.
Temporary or permanent diversion of the flow of urine through the ureter away from the URINARY BLADDER in the presence of a bladder disease or after cystectomy. There is a variety of techniques: direct anastomosis of ureter and bowel, cutaneous ureterostomy, ileal, jejunal or colon conduit, ureterosigmoidostomy, etc. (From Campbell's Urology, 6th ed, p2654)
Inflammation of the KIDNEY involving the renal parenchyma (the NEPHRONS); KIDNEY PELVIS; and KIDNEY CALICES. It is characterized by ABDOMINAL PAIN; FEVER; NAUSEA; VOMITING; and occasionally DIARRHEA.
A cystic dilatation of the end of a URETER as it enters into the URINARY BLADDER. It is characterized by the ballooning of the ureteral orifice into the lumen of the bladder and may obstruct urine flow.
Tumors or cancer of the URINARY BLADDER.
Painful URINATION. It is often associated with infections of the lower URINARY TRACT.
Pathological processes of the URINARY BLADDER.
Amputation of a lower limb through the sacroiliac joint.
The part of the pelvis that comprises the pelvic socket where the head of FEMUR joins to form HIP JOINT (acetabulofemoral joint).
The insertion of a catheter through the skin and body wall into the kidney pelvis, mainly to provide urine drainage where the ureter is not functional. It is used also to remove or dissolve renal calculi and to diagnose ureteral obstruction.
A slowly progressive condition of unknown etiology, characterized by deposition of fibrous tissue in the retroperitoneal space compressing the ureters, great vessels, bile duct, and other structures. When associated with abdominal aortic aneurysm, it may be called chronic periaortitis or inflammatory perianeurysmal fibrosis.
Passage of a CATHETER into the URINARY BLADDER or kidney.
A common name used for the genus Cavia. The most common species is Cavia porcellus which is the domesticated guinea pig used for pets and biomedical research.
The anterior concavity in the curvature of the lumbar and cervical spine as viewed from the side. The term usually refers to abnormally increased curvature (hollow back, saddle back, swayback). It does not include lordosis as normal mating posture in certain animals ( = POSTURE + SEX BEHAVIOR, ANIMAL).
Radiographic visualization of the body between the thorax and the pelvis, i.e., within the peritoneal cavity.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
The spinal or vertebral column.
A movement, caused by sequential muscle contraction, that pushes the contents of the intestines or other tubular organs in one direction.
The duration of a surgical procedure in hours and minutes.
A uroplakin subtype that heterodimerizes with UROPLAKIN IB to form a component of the asymmetric unit membrane found in urothelial cells.
A nongenetic defect due to malformation of the KIDNEY which appears as a bunch of grapes with multiple renal cysts but lacking the normal renal bean shape, and the collection drainage system. This condition can be detected in-utero with ULTRASONOGRAPHY.
Presence of blood in the urine.
A process leading to shortening and/or development of tension in muscle tissue. Muscle contraction occurs by a sliding filament mechanism whereby actin filaments slide inward among the myosin filaments.
An abnormal anatomical passage that connects the VAGINA to other organs, such as the bladder (VESICOVAGINAL FISTULA) or the rectum (RECTOVAGINAL FISTULA).
Tumors or cancer of the UROGENITAL SYSTEM in either the male or the female.
A slightly movable cartilaginous joint which occurs between the pubic bones.
The condition of an anatomical structure's being dilated beyond normal dimensions.
Excision of the uterus.
Digital image data sets, consisting of complete, anatomically detailed, three-dimensional representations of the normal male and female human bodies.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
The properties, processes, and behavior of biological systems under the action of mechanical forces.
The joint that is formed by the articulation of the head of FEMUR and the ACETABULUM of the PELVIS.
Pathological processes of the URINARY TRACT in both males and females.
The immovable joint formed by the lateral surfaces of the SACRUM and ILIUM.
Properties, functions, and processes of the URINARY TRACT as a whole or of any of its parts.
A rare aggressive variant of chondrosarcoma, characterized by a biphasic histologic pattern of small compact cells intermixed with islands of cartilaginous matrix. Mesenchymal chondrosarcomas have a predilection for flat bones; long tubular bones are rarely affected. They tend to occur in the younger age group and are highly metastatic. (DeVita Jr et al., Cancer: Principles & Practice of Oncology, 3d ed, p1456)
A condition in which functional endometrial tissue is present outside the UTERUS. It is often confined to the PELVIS involving the OVARY, the ligaments, cul-de-sac, and the uterovesical peritoneum.
The central part of the body to which the neck and limbs are attached.
An abnormal concretion occurring mostly in the urinary and biliary tracts, usually composed of mineral salts. Also called stones.
A Wnt protein that is involved in regulating multiple developmental processes such as the formation of the KIDNEY; ADRENAL GLANDS; MAMMARY GLANDS; the PITUITARY GLAND; and the female reproductive system. Defects in WNT4 are a cause of ROKITANSKY KUSTER HAUSER SYNDROME.
The ability of the kidney to excrete in the urine high concentrations of solutes from the blood plasma.
Deformities of the SPINE characterized by abnormal bending or flexure in the vertebral column. They may be bending forward (KYPHOSIS), backward (LORDOSIS), or sideway (SCOLIOSIS).
Used for excision of the urinary bladder.
The position or attitude of the body.
Antimuscarinic quaternary ammonium derivative of scopolamine used to treat cramps in gastrointestinal, urinary, uterine, and biliary tracts, and to facilitate radiologic visualization of the gastrointestinal tract.
An appreciable lateral deviation in the normally straight vertical line of the spine. (Dorland, 27th ed)
A type I keratin found in the basal layer of the adult epidermis and in other stratified epithelia.
Death resulting from the presence of a disease in an individual, as shown by a single case report or a limited number of patients. This should be differentiated from DEATH, the physiological cessation of life and from MORTALITY, an epidemiological or statistical concept.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
A paired box transcription factor that is essential for ORGANOGENESIS of the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM and KIDNEY.
Deformities of the SPINE characterized by an exaggerated convexity of the vertebral column. The forward bending of the thoracic region usually is more than 40 degrees. This deformity sometimes is called round back or hunchback.
A POSTURE in which an ideal body mass distribution is achieved. Postural balance provides the body carriage stability and conditions for normal functions in stationary position or in movement, such as sitting, standing, or walking.
Tumors or cancer located in bone tissue or specific BONES.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Organs or parts of organs surgically formed from nearby tissue to function as substitutes for diseased or surgically removed tissue.
Incision into the side of the abdomen between the ribs and pelvis.
Long convoluted tubules in the nephrons. They collect filtrate from blood passing through the KIDNEY GLOMERULUS and process this filtrate into URINE. Each renal tubule consists of a BOWMAN CAPSULE; PROXIMAL KIDNEY TUBULE; LOOP OF HENLE; DISTAL KIDNEY TUBULE; and KIDNEY COLLECTING DUCT leading to the central cavity of the kidney (KIDNEY PELVIS) that connects to the URETER.
Surgical creation of an opening (stoma) in the URINARY BLADDER for drainage.
Pathological processes of the KIDNEY or its component tissues.
A mass of histologically normal tissue present in an abnormal location.
An antidiabetic sulfonylurea derivative with actions similar to those of chlorpropamide.
A tube that transports URINE from the URINARY BLADDER to the outside of the body in both the sexes. It also has a reproductive function in the male by providing a passage for SPERM.
The upper part of the trunk between the NECK and the ABDOMEN. It contains the chief organs of the circulatory and respiratory systems. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
Any adverse condition in a patient occurring as the result of treatment by a physician, surgeon, or other health professional, especially infections acquired by a patient during the course of treatment.
Breaks in bones.
Surgery performed on the male genitalia.
The founding member of the glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor family. It was originally characterized as a NERVE GROWTH FACTOR promoting the survival of MIDBRAIN dopaminergic NEURONS, and it has been studied as a potential treatment for PARKINSON DISEASE.
Pathological processes involving the URETHRA.
The application of electronic, computerized control systems to mechanical devices designed to perform human functions. Formerly restricted to industry, but nowadays applied to artificial organs controlled by bionic (bioelectronic) devices, like automated insulin pumps and other prostheses.
Devices to be inserted into veins or arteries for the purpose of carrying fluids into or from a peripheral or central vascular location. They may include component parts such as catheters, ports, reservoirs, and valves. They may be left in place temporarily for therapeutic or diagnostic purposes.
The bones of the free part of the lower extremity in humans and of any of the four extremities in animals. It includes the FEMUR; PATELLA; TIBIA; and FIBULA.
Cancer or tumors of the URETHRA. Benign epithelial tumors of the urethra usually consist of squamous and transitional cells. Primary urethral carcinomas are rare and typically of squamous cells. Urethral carcinoma is the only urological malignancy that is more common in females than in males.
The creation of a visual display of the inside of the entire body of a human or animal for the purposes of diagnostic evaluation. This is most commonly achieved by using MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING; or POSITRON EMISSION TOMOGRAPHY.
The genital canal in the female, extending from the UTERUS to the VULVA. (Stedman, 25th ed)
Short thick veins which return blood from the kidneys to the vena cava.
A game whose object is to sink a ball into each of 9 or 18 successive holes on a golf course using as few strokes as possible.
The bones of the upper and lower ARM. They include the CLAVICLE and SCAPULA.
The triad of benign FIBROMA or other ovarian tumors with ASCITES, and HYDROTHORAX due to large PLEURAL EFFUSIONS.
Two or more abnormal growths of tissue occurring simultaneously and presumed to be of separate origin. The neoplasms may be histologically the same or different, and may be found in the same or different sites.
Stones in the URINARY BLADDER; also known as vesical calculi, bladder stones, or cystoliths.
Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.
The internal portion of the kidney, consisting of striated conical masses, the renal pyramids, whose bases are adjacent to the cortex and whose apices form prominent papillae projecting into the lumen of the minor calyces.
Manner or style of walking.
A slowly growing malignant neoplasm derived from cartilage cells, occurring most frequently in pelvic bones or near the ends of long bones, in middle-aged and old people. Most chondrosarcomas arise de novo, but some may develop in a preexisting benign cartilaginous lesion or in patients with ENCHONDROMATOSIS. (Stedman, 25th ed)
A derivative of the NIACINAMIDE that is structurally combined with an organic nitrate. It is a potassium-channel opener that causes vasodilatation of arterioles and large coronary arteries. Its nitrate-like properties produce venous vasodilation through stimulation of guanylate cyclase.
Compounds with a core of fused benzo-pyran rings.
Inflammatory responses of the epithelium of the URINARY TRACT to microbial invasions. They are often bacterial infections with associated BACTERIURIA and PYURIA.
A complication of kidney diseases characterized by cell death involving KIDNEY PAPILLA in the KIDNEY MEDULLA. Damages to this area may hinder the kidney to concentrate urine resulting in POLYURIA. Sloughed off necrotic tissue may block KIDNEY PELVIS or URETER. Necrosis of multiple renal papillae can lead to KIDNEY FAILURE.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
A surgical specialty concerned with the study, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases of the urinary tract in both sexes, and the genital tract in the male. Common urological problems include urinary obstruction, URINARY INCONTINENCE, infections, and UROGENITAL NEOPLASMS.
The mechanical laws of fluid dynamics as they apply to urine transport.
A type of stress exerted uniformly in all directions. Its measure is the force exerted per unit area. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
That portion of the body that lies between the THORAX and the PELVIS.
A compound consisting of dark green crystals or crystalline powder, having a bronze-like luster. Solutions in water or alcohol have a deep blue color. Methylene blue is used as a bacteriologic stain and as an indicator. It inhibits GUANYLATE CYCLASE, and has been used to treat cyanide poisoning and to lower levels of METHEMOGLOBIN.
Congenital dislocation of the hip generally includes subluxation of the femoral head, acetabular dysplasia, and complete dislocation of the femoral head from the true acetabulum. This condition occurs in approximately 1 in 1000 live births and is more common in females than in males.
One or more layers of EPITHELIAL CELLS, supported by the basal lamina, which covers the inner or outer surfaces of the body.
An alkylamide found in CAPSICUM that acts at TRPV CATION CHANNELS.
Discomfort associated with the bones that make up the pelvic girdle. It occurs frequently during pregnancy.
VERTEBRAE in the region of the lower BACK below the THORACIC VERTEBRAE and above the SACRAL VERTEBRAE.
Procedures of applying ENDOSCOPES for disease diagnosis and treatment. Endoscopy involves passing an optical instrument through a small incision in the skin i.e., percutaneous; or through a natural orifice and along natural body pathways such as the digestive tract; and/or through an incision in the wall of a tubular structure or organ, i.e. transluminal, to examine or perform surgery on the interior parts of the body.
Involuntary loss of URINE, such as leaking of urine. It is a symptom of various underlying pathological processes. Major types of incontinence include URINARY URGE INCONTINENCE and URINARY STRESS INCONTINENCE.
Histochemical localization of immunoreactive substances using labeled antibodies as reagents.
Pathological processes of the VAGINA.
The middle germ layer of an embryo derived from three paired mesenchymal aggregates along the neural tube.
Pain in the pelvic region of genital and non-genital origin and of organic or psychogenic etiology. Frequent causes of pain are distension or contraction of hollow viscera, rapid stretching of the capsule of a solid organ, chemical irritation, tissue ischemia, and neuritis secondary to inflammatory, neoplastic, or fibrotic processes in adjacent organs. (Kase, Weingold & Gershenson: Principles and Practice of Clinical Gynecology, 2d ed, pp479-508)
An autosomal dominant disorder manifested by various combinations of preauricular pits, branchial fistulae or cysts, lacrimal duct stenosis, hearing loss, structural defects of the outer, middle, or inner ear, and renal dysplasia. Associated defects include asthenic habitus, long narrow facies, constricted palate, deep overbite, and myopia. Hearing loss may be due to Mondini type cochlear defect and stapes fixation. (Jablonski's Dictionary of Syndromes & Eponymic Diseases, 2d ed)
General or unspecified injuries involving organs in the abdominal cavity.
A non-fibrillar collagen found in BASEMENT MEMBRANE. The C-terminal end of the alpha1 chain of collagen type XVIII contains the ENDOSTATIN peptide, which can be released by proteolytic cleavage.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).
Broadly distributed glycoproteins that are homologous to the activin-binding protein, FOLLISTATIN. These follistatin-related proteins are encoded by a number of genes.
The inferior and superior venae cavae.
Surgical union or shunt between ducts, tubes or vessels. It may be end-to-end, end-to-side, side-to-end, or side-to-side.
Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
A sac or recess formed by a fold of the peritoneum.
Tumors or cancer of the RECTUM.
Examination of any part of the body for diagnostic purposes by means of X-RAYS or GAMMA RAYS, recording the image on a sensitized surface (such as photographic film).
Remains, impressions, or traces of animals or plants of past geological times which have been preserved in the earth's crust.
The process of generating three-dimensional images by electronic, photographic, or other methods. For example, three-dimensional images can be generated by assembling multiple tomographic images with the aid of a computer, while photographic 3-D images (HOLOGRAPHY) can be made by exposing film to the interference pattern created when two laser light sources shine on an object.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
General name for two extinct orders of reptiles from the Mesozoic era: Saurischia and Ornithischia.
The study of the generation and behavior of electrical charges in living organisms particularly the nervous system and the effects of electricity on living organisms.
The lumbar and sacral plexuses taken together. The fibers of the lumbosacral plexus originate in the lumbar and upper sacral spinal cord (L1 to S3) and innervate the lower extremities.
Motion of an object in which either one or more points on a line are fixed. It is also the motion of a particle about a fixed point. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Use or insertion of a tubular device into a duct, blood vessel, hollow organ, or body cavity for injecting or withdrawing fluids for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes. It differs from INTUBATION in that the tube here is used to restore or maintain patency in obstructions.
The visualization of tissues during pregnancy through recording of the echoes of ultrasonic waves directed into the body. The procedure may be applied with reference to the mother or the fetus and with reference to organs or the detection of maternal or fetal disease.
Ultrasonography applying the Doppler effect, with the superposition of flow information as colors on a gray scale in a real-time image. This type of ultrasonography is well-suited to identifying the location of high-velocity flow (such as in a stenosis) or of mapping the extent of flow in a certain region.
The domestic dog, Canis familiaris, comprising about 400 breeds, of the carnivore family CANIDAE. They are worldwide in distribution and live in association with people. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1065)
The distance and direction to which a bone joint can be extended. Range of motion is a function of the condition of the joints, muscles, and connective tissues involved. Joint flexibility can be improved through appropriate MUSCLE STRETCHING EXERCISES.
A potent vasodilator agent with calcium antagonistic action. It is a useful anti-anginal agent that also lowers blood pressure.
The hemispheric articular surface at the upper extremity of the thigh bone. (Stedman, 26th ed)
A heterogeneous group of sporadic or hereditary carcinoma derived from cells of the KIDNEYS. There are several subtypes including the clear cells, the papillary, the chromophobe, the collecting duct, the spindle cells (sarcomatoid), or mixed cell-type carcinoma.
Application of a ligature to tie a vessel or strangulate a part.
Liquid by-product of excretion produced in the kidneys, temporarily stored in the bladder until discharge through the URETHRA.
The transference of a kidney from one human or animal to another.
A dead body, usually a human body.
Noninflammatory degenerative disease of the hip joint which usually appears in late middle or old age. It is characterized by growth or maturational disturbances in the femoral neck and head, as well as acetabular dysplasia. A dominant symptom is pain on weight-bearing or motion.
A technique for maintenance or growth of animal organs in vitro. It refers to three-dimensional cultures of undisaggregated tissue retaining some or all of the histological features of the tissue in vivo. (Freshney, Culture of Animal Cells, 3d ed, p1)
The projecting part on each side of the body, formed by the side of the pelvis and the top portion of the femur.
... and major calyces empty into the renal pelvis. This becomes the ureter. At the hilum, the ureter and renal vein exit the kidney ... 1. Renal pyramid • 2. Interlobular artery • 3. Renal artery • 4. Renal vein 5. Renal hilum • 6. Renal pelvis • 7. Ureter • 8. ... Duplicated ureter occurs in approximately one in 100 live births. *Horseshoe kidney occurs in approximately one in 400 live ... Each lobule contains a single branch of the ureter in its centre, into which the collecting ducts empty. Reptiles have ...
1. Human urinary system: 2. Kidney, 3. Renal pelvis, 4. Ureter, 5. Urinary bladder, 6. Urethra. (Left side with frontal section ... From here, urine continues its flow from the renal pelvis into the ureter, transporting urine into the urinary bladder. The ... Urothelium covers most of the urinary system, including the renal pelvis, ureters, and bladder. ... The urinary system, also known as the renal system or urinary tract, consists of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and the urethra ...
... lie between the renal vein and ureter, the vein being in front, the ureter behind, but one or more branches (posterior branches ... 6. Renal pelvis. *7. Ureter. *8. Minor calyx. *9. Renal capsule. *10. Inferior renal capsule ... Each vessel gives off some small inferior suprarenal branches to the suprarenal gland, the ureter, and the surrounding cellular ...
1. Human urinary system: 2. Kidney, 3. Renal pelvis, 4. Ureter, 5. Urinary bladder, 6. Urethra. (Left side with frontal section ... These openings have mucosal flaps in front of them that act as valves in preventing the backflow of urine into the ureters,[4] ... In humans, the bladder is a hollow muscular organ situated at the base of the pelvis. Urine collects in the bladder, fed from ... Urine enters the bladder via the ureters and exits via the urethra. The typical human bladder will hold between 300 and 500 mL ...
Imaging studies of the ureters and renal pelvis. These studies characterize the ureters, and define the surgery required to ... The surgery may take from two to six hours, depending on the health of the ureters, and the experience of the surgeon. After ... A ureterostomy is the creation of a stoma (a new, artificial outlet) for a ureter or kidney. The procedure is performed to ... With this technique, the surgeon detaches the ureters from the bladder and brings one or both to the surface of the abdomen. ...
It is also found in the renal pelvis, ureter, and prostatic urethra. GRCh38: Ensembl release 89: ENSG00000100373 - Ensembl, May ...
The renal pelvis is the part of the kidney that collects urine and drains it into a tube called the ureter. The cells that line ... The transitional/urothelial cells in the renal pelvis are the same type of cells that line the ureter and bladder. For this ... "Transitional Cell Cancer of the Renal Pelvis and Ureter Treatment (PDQ®)-Patient Version". National Cancer Institute. 2004-02- ... Other rare types of kidney cancers that can arise from the urothelial cells of the renal pelvis are squamous cell carcinoma and ...
Connection and disconnection caused by morbid changes of the renal pelvis and ureter. This article is based on a translation of ...
Renal pelvis and ureter, transitional cell cancer. *Prostate cancer. *Testicular cancer. *Gestational trophoblastic tumor ...
... and major calyces empty into the renal pelvis. This becomes the ureter. At the hilum, the ureter and renal vein exit the kidney ... Duplicated ureter occurs in approximately one in 100 live births Horseshoe kidney occurs in approximately one in 400 live ... Each kidney is attached to a ureter, a tube that carries excreted urine to the bladder. The word "renal" is an adjective ... The urinary tract including the ureters, as well as their function to drain urine from the kidneys, has been described by Galen ...
... including the renal pelvis, the ureters, the bladder, and parts of the urethra Ureter Cancer, Mayo Clinic Ries LG, Young JL, ... "Analgesics and tobacco as risk factors for cancer of the ureter and renal pelvis". The Journal of Urology. 130 (1): 28-30. doi: ... Ureter Cancer Diagnosis, Mayo Clinic Ureteral Cancer, Fox Chase Cancer Center Hwang EC, Sathianathen NJ, Jung JH, Kim MH, Dahm ... Ureteral cancer is cancer of the ureters, muscular tubes that propel urine from the kidneys to the urinary bladder. It is also ...
Ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJ obstruction) is an obstruction at the level of the ureter and renal pelvis. It is the ... Kidneys and ureters located in incorrect position, including horseshoe kidney and ectopic ureters. Overflow incontinence Kher, ... Upper urinary tract obstruction includes the renal pelvis and upper ureters. ... involves the left ureter twice as often as the right ureter. UPJ obstruction is transient in most cases. Lower urinary tract ...
... in this method a flap is rotated from dilated pelvis to decrease narrowing of ureter. A pyeloplasty can either be done by the ... This revision of the renal pelvis treats the obstruction by excising the stenotic area of the renal pelvis or uretero-pelvic ... junction and creating a more capacious conduit using the tissue of the remaining ureter and renal pelvis. There are different ... This was described in relation to retrocaval ureter (now renamed as preureteric vena cava). Another technique of pyeloplasty is ...
... thereby forming the ureters. The ureters will carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder for excretion from the fetus into the ... It also forms the major and minor calyces and the renal pelvis. The portion of undifferentiated intermediate mesoderm in ... The elongated stalk of the ureteric bud, called the metanephric duct, later forms the ureter. As the cranial end of the bud ... the torso elongates and the kidneys rotate and migrate upwards within the abdomen which causes the length of the ureters to ...
"Transitional Cell Cancer (Kidney/Ureter) Treatment - National Cancer Institute". 2004-02-20. "Renal Pelvis and Ureter Cancer: ... Because of this, neoplasia of the ureters are sometimes grouped with tumors of the renal pelvis. Ureteral cancer Shimoyama Y, ... Treatment may involve removal of the kidney and ureter, or just the ureter. Classification of cancers often is oriented around ... In some contexts, the primary division is at the border of kidney and ureter, and in other contexts, the primary division is ...
... (or pyelography or urography) is a form of imaging of the renal pelvis and ureter. Types include: Intravenous ... ureters, and bladder. Unlike a kidneys, ureters, and bladder x-ray (KUB), which is a plain (that is, noncontrast) radiograph, ... At 9 to 13 minutes the contrast begins to empty into the ureters and travel to the bladder which has now begun to fill. To ... At an interval of 3 minutes, the renal blush is still evident (to a lesser extent) but the calyces and renal pelvis are now ...
This includes the esophagus, stomach, duodenum, ileum, colon, pleural cavity, ureters, urinary bladder, and renal pelvis. Such ...
Among his works is the thesis from 1958, titled The function of the Ureter and Renal Pelvis. He was awarded the Fridtjof Nansen ...
Andeen, NK; Tretiakova, M «Urothelial carcinoma of renal pelvis» (en anglès). Bladder, ureter & renal pelvis, Urothelial ... 7. Pelvis renal, 8. Calze major, 9. Calze menor, 10. Urèter.. 11. Corpuscle (del nefró). Sistema vascular: 12. Arteriola i ... 1. Aparell urinari humà: 2. Ronyó, 3. Pelvis renal, 4. Urèter, 5. Bufeta urinària, 6. Uretra. (Costat esquerra amb secció ...
The Okabayashi space (or medial division of the pararectal space) is an anatomical potential space in the pelvis. The ureter ... Ureter Inferior hypogastric plexus - The parasympathetic nerve supply to the bladder Puntambekar, Shailesh; Manchanda, Ranjit ( ...
From anterior to posterior, the renal vein exits, the renal artery enters, and the renal pelvis exits the kidney. On the left ... This fissure is a hilum that transmits the vessels, nerves, and ureter. ... nerves and ureter pass. The medial border of the kidney is concave in the center and convex toward either extremity; it is ... renal artery and renal pelvis, respectively. Renal artery Renal vein Renal pyramids Renal medulla Hilum of kidney This article ...
It may occur in the nose and/or sinuses or in the urinary tract (bladder, renal pelvis, ureter, urethra). When it occurs in the ...
The sacral plexus lies on the back of the pelvis in front of the piriformis muscle and the pelvic fascia. In front of it are ... the internal iliac artery, internal iliac vein, the ureter, and the sigmoid colon. The superior gluteal artery and vein run ... and part of the pelvis. It is part of the lumbosacral plexus and emerges from the lumbar vertebrae and sacral vertebrae (L4-S4 ...
In the human adult, the ureters are usually 25-30 cm (10-12 in) long. In humans, the ureters arise from the renal pelvis on the ... to the renal pelvis, and to the ureter, and are then secreted out of the body via the urinary bladder. Scientifically, masses ... The ureters run posteriorly on the lateral walls of the pelvis. They then curve anteriormedially to enter the bladder through ... The ureters cross the pelvic brim near the bifurcation of the iliac arteries (which they run over). This "pelviureteric ...
Other symptoms include a sense of pressure in the pelvis and vaginal bleeding. Complications of surgery can include injury to ... Surgeons typically perform intraoperative cystoscopy with dye to assess potential bladder or ureter injuries. Vaginal ... the bladder, rectum, or ureter, especially in cases where there has been tissue necrosis. ...
... pelvis, or ureter. The condition was first described in the New England Journal of Medicine by urologist Elwin E. Fraley in ...
It is dangerous during parturition, when pressure in the pelvis can obstruct the ureters and raise blood levels. Started after ...
Their terminal bifurcation is crossed anteriorly by the ureters. This is significant as the bifurcation of the common iliac ... The distribution of the common iliac artery is basically the pelvis and lower limb (as the femoral artery) on the corresponding ...
... is a human carcinogen, specifically to the tissues involving the urinary system, i.e., the bladder, ureter, and ... renal pelvis. In one study, out of 171 workers in a plant manufacturing 4-aminobiphenyl, 11% of them developed bladder tumors. ...
The world's first society of nephrology was the French 'Societe de Pathologie Renale'. Its first president was Jean Hamburger, and its first meeting was in Paris in February 1949. In 1959, Hamburger also founded the 'Société de Néphrologie', as a continuation of the older society. The UK's Renal Association was founded in 1950; the second society of nephrologists. Its first president was Arthur Osman. Its first meeting was on 30 March 1950 in London. The Società di Nefrologia Italiana was founded in 1957 and was the first national society to incorporate the phrase nephrologia (or nephrology) into its name. The word 'nephrology' appeared for the first time in a conference, on 1-4 September 1960 at the "Premier Congrès International de Néphrologie" in Evian and Geneva, the first meeting of the International Society of Nephrology (ISN, International Society of Nephrology). The first day (1.9.60) was in Geneva and the next three (2-4.9.60) were in Evian, France. The early history of the ISN is ...
നെഫ്രോട്ടിക് സിൻഡ്രം വന്ന രോഗികളുടെ വൃക്കയിലെ 'പോഡോസൈറ്റ്സ്'ൽ വളരെ ചെറിയ സുഷിരങ്ങൾ ഉണ്ടാവുകയും അതു വഴി ആൽബുമിൻ നഷ്ടപ്പെടുകയും ചെയ്യുന്നു.എന്നാൽ ഈ സുഷിരങ്ങൾ വഴി രക്തകോശങ്ങൾ കടന്നു പോവുകയില്ല. മൂത്രത്തിലൂടെ ആൽബുമിൻ നഷ്ടപ്പെടുന്നതിനാൽ രക്തത്തിൽ ആൽബുമിൻറെ അളവ് കുറയുകയും അത് ശരീര കലകളിൽ നീർക്കെട്ടിനു കാരണമാവുകയും ചെയ്യുന്നു. രക്തത്തിൽ ആൽബുമിൻറെ അളവ് കുറയുമ്പോൾ കരൾ ...
Perhaps the most difficult aspect of membranous glomerulonephritis is deciding which people to treat with immunosuppressive therapy as opposed to simple "background" or anti-proteinuric therapies. A large part of this difficulty is due to a lack of ability to predict which people will progress to end-stage kidney disease, or kidney disease severe enough to require dialysis. Because the above medications carry risk, treatment should not be initiated without careful consideration as to risk/benefit profile. Of note, corticosteroids (typically Prednisone) alone are of little benefit. They should be combined with one of the other 5 medications, each of which, along with prednisone, has shown some benefit in slowing down progression of membranous nephropathy. It must be kept in mind, however, that each of the 5 medications also carry their own risks, on top of prednisone. The twin aims of treating membranous nephropathy are first to induce a remission of the nephrotic syndrome and second to prevent ...
In the kidneys, as a result of benign arterial hypertension, hyaline (pink, amorphous, homogeneous material) accumulates in the walls of small arteries and arterioles, producing the thickening of their walls and the narrowing of the arterial openings, a process known as arteriolosclerosis. The resulting inadequate blood flow produces tubular atrophy, interstitial fibrosis, and glomerular alterations (smaller glomeruli with different degrees of hyalinization - from mild to sclerosis of glomeruli) and scarring around the glomeruli (periglomerular fibrosis). In advanced stages, kidney failure will occur. Functional nephrons[5] have dilated tubules, often with hyaline casts in the opening of the tubules. Additional complications often associated with hypertensive nephropathy include glomerular damage resulting in protein and blood in the urine. Hypertensive nephropathy refers to kidney failure that can be attributed to a history of hypertension[6] It is a chronic condition and it is a serious risk ...
During pregnancy, high progesterone levels elevate the risk of decreased muscle tone of the ureters and bladder, which leads to ... an abnormal movement of urine from the bladder into ureters or kidneys) and constipation.[20] ... a greater likelihood of reflux, where urine flows back up the ureters and towards the kidneys. While pregnant women do not have ...
... of the pelvis, using a Varian Clinac iX linear accelerator. Lasers and a mould under the legs are used to ... Depending on the area being treated, this may include the skin, oral mucosa, pharyngeal, bowel mucosa and ureter. The rates of ...
Partially digested food starts to arrive in the small intestine as semi-liquid chyme, one hour after it is eaten.[citation needed] The stomach is half empty after an average of 1.2 hours.[31] After four or five hours the stomach has emptied.[32] In the small intestine, the pH becomes crucial; it needs to be finely balanced in order to activate digestive enzymes. The chyme is very acidic, with a low pH, having been released from the stomach and needs to be made much more alkaline. This is achieved in the duodenum by the addition of bile from the gall bladder combined with the bicarbonate secretions from the pancreatic duct and also from secretions of bicarbonate-rich mucus from duodenal glands known as Brunner's glands. The chyme arrives in the intestines having been released from the stomach through the opening of the pyloric sphincter. The resulting alkaline fluid mix neutralises the gastric acid which would damage the lining of the intestine. The mucus component lubricates the walls of the ...
... extends into the middle of the pelvis.[61] The ureters leave the ventral caudomedial surface and continue caudally, near the ... a dilated pouch of ureter stores the urine until it is secreted continuously down from the ureters to the urodeum until ... where the ureters open).[61] Found between the terminal rectum and coprodeum is a strong sphincter.[61] The coprodeum and ...
Pelvis · Sternum) · തരുണാസ്ഥി ... വൃക്ക · Ureter · Bladder · Urethra. GU: പ്രത്യുത്പാദനേന്ദ്രിയ ...
The ideal treatment for IgAN would remove IgA from the glomerulus and prevent further IgA deposition. This goal still remains a remote prospect. There are a few additional caveats that have to be considered while treating IgA nephropathy. IgA nephropathy has a very variable course, ranging from a benign recurrent hematuria up to a rapid progression to chronic kidney failure and failure of other major organs. Hence the decision on which patients to treat should be based on the prognostic factors and the risk of progression. Also, IgA nephropathy recurs in transplants despite the use of ciclosporin, azathioprine or mycophenolate mofetil, cyclophosphamide, Isotretinoin and steroids in these patients. There are persisting uncertainties, due to the limited number of patients included in the few controlled randomized studies performed to date, which hardly produce statistically significant evidence regarding the heterogeneity of IgA nephropathy patients, the diversity of study treatment protocols, and ...
Computed tomography of the abdomen and pelvis(英语:Computed tomography of the abdomen and pelvis) *Virtual colonoscopy(英语:Virtual ... KUB(英语:Kidneys, ureters, and bladder x-ray). *DXA(英语:Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry)/DXR(英语:Digital X-ray radiogrammetry) ...
The last few are fused with the pelvis to form the synsacrum.[62] The ribs are flattened and the sternum is keeled for the ... extract nitrogenous waste from their bloodstream and excrete it as uric acid instead of urea or ammonia through the ureters ...
The most common symptom is bone pain, often in the vertebrae (bones of the spine), pelvis, or ribs. Spread of cancer into other ... Prostate cancer most commonly metastasizes to the bones, lymph nodes, and may invade rectum, bladder and lower ureters after ... In adult men, a typical prostate is about 3 centimeters long and weighs about 20 grams.[56] It is located in the pelvis, under ... None, difficulty urinating, blood in the urine, pain in the pelvis, back or when urinating[1][2]. ...
The renal pelvis or pelvis of the kidney is the funnel-like dilated part of the ureter in the kidney. In humans, the renal ... Like the bony pelvis, the renal pelvis (/ˈriːnəl ˈpɛlvɪs/) gets its English name via New Latin from the older Latin word pelvis ... Renal pelvis. Cross-section of the kidney, with major structures labelled. The renal pelvis, located in the middle of the image ... The name reflects that each renal pelvis collects urine from the calyces and funnels it into the ureter like a wash basin ...
Pressure on the kidney or ureter from a tumor outside the kidney can cause extreme flank pain. Local recurrence of cancer after ... Pain produced by cancer within the pelvis varies depending on the affected tissue, but it frequently radiates diffusely to the ... pain only once the organ has been almost totally destroyed and the cancer has invaded the surrounding tissue or adjacent pelvis ...
Not to be confused with ureter.. Urethra. The urethra transports urine from the bladder to the outside of the body. This image ...
... l agenesis[17] is a rare birth defect in which the trachea fails to develop. The defect is usually fatal though sometimes surgical intervention has been successful. A tracheoesophageal fistula is a congenital defect in which the trachea and esophagus are abnormally connected (a fistula). This is because of abnormalities in the separation between the trachea and oesophagus during development.[4] This occurs in approximately 1 in 3000 births, and the most common abnormalities is a separation of the upper and lower ends of the oesophagus, with the upper end finishing in a closed pouch.[4] Other abnormalities may be associated with this, including cardiac abnormalities, or VACTERL syndrome.[4] Such fistulas may be detected before a baby is born because of excess amniotic fluid; after birth, they are often associated with pneumonitis and pneumonia because of aspiration of food contents.[4] Congenital fistulas are often treated by surgical repair.[10] In adults, fistulas may occur because of ...
In tetrapods, the pharynx is much shorter, and the esophagus correspondingly longer, than in fish. In the majority of vertebrates, the esophagus is simply a connecting tube, but in some birds, which regurgitate components to feed their young, it is extended towards the lower end to form a crop for storing food before it enters the true stomach.[36][37] In ruminants, animals with four stomachs, a groove called the sulcus reticuli is often found in the esophagus, allowing milk to drain directly into the hind stomach, the abomasum.[38] In the horse the esophagus is about 1.2 to 1.5 m (4 to 5 ft) in length, and carries food to the stomach. A muscular ring, called the cardiac sphincter, connects the stomach to the esophagus. This sphincter is very well developed in horses. This and the oblique angle at which the esophagus connects to the stomach explains why horses cannot vomit.[39] The esophagus is also the area of the digestive tract where horses may suffer from choke. The esophagus of snakes is ...
For example, the bones of the pelvis could be displayed as semi-transparent, so that, even at an oblique angle, one part of the ... "Ultra-low-dose, low-dose, and standard-dose CT of the kidney, ureters, and bladder: is there a difference? Results from a ...
ක්‍රියේටිව් කොමන්ස් ඇට්‍රිබ්යුශන්/ශෙයා-අලයික් වරපතට යටත්ව ඉහත පෙළ ඔබ වෙත සැපයෙයි; අමතර කොන්දේසි අදාළ විය හැක. විස්තර සඳහා පරිහරණ කොන්දේසි බලන්න ...
This feature is also found in the tuatara (Sphenodon). They also have a greatly elongate tetradiate pelvis, similar to some ... The urine collected by the kidney is emptied into the cloaca through the ureters and then to the colon by reverse peristalsis. ... The hips consist of the pelvis, which includes three major bones: the ilium (top of the hip), ischium (sides of hip), and pubis ... A bird has paired kidneys which are connected to the lower gastrointestinal tract through the ureters. Depending on the bird ...
This test measures the changes in body weight, urine output, and urine composition when fluids are withheld to induce dehydration. The body's normal response to dehydration is to conserve water by concentrating the urine. Those with DI continue to urinate large amounts of dilute urine in spite of water deprivation. In primary polydipsia, the urine osmolality should increase and stabilize at above 280 Osm/kg with fluid restriction, while a stabilization at a lower level indicates diabetes insipidus.[10] Stabilization in this test means, more specifically, when the increase in urine osmolality is less than 30 Osm/kg per hour for at least three hours.[10] Sometimes measuring blood levels of ADH toward the end of this test is also necessary, but is more time consuming to perform.[10] To distinguish between the main forms, desmopressin stimulation is also used; desmopressin can be taken by injection, a nasal spray, or a tablet. While taking desmopressin, a patient should drink fluids or water only ...
The gustatory cortex is the primary receptive area for taste. The word taste is used in a technical sense to refer specifically to sensations coming from taste buds on the tongue. The five qualities of taste detected by the tongue include sourness, bitterness, sweetness, saltiness, and the protein taste quality, called umami. In contrast, the term flavor refers to the experience generated through integration of taste with smell and tactile information. The gustatory cortex consists of two primary structures: the anterior insula, located on the insular lobe, and the frontal operculum, located on the frontal lobe. Similarly to the olfactory cortex, the gustatory pathway operates through both peripheral and central mechanisms.[clarification needed] Peripheral taste receptors, located on the tongue, soft palate, pharynx, and esophagus, transmit the received signal to primary sensory axons, where the signal is projected to the nucleus of the solitary tract in the medulla, or the gustatory nucleus of ...
Because the beta cells in the pancreatic islets are selectively destroyed by an autoimmune process in type 1 diabetes, clinicians and researchers are actively pursuing islet transplantation as a means of restoring physiological beta cell function, which would offer an alternative to a complete pancreas transplant or artificial pancreas.[14][15] Islet transplantation emerged as a viable option for the treatment of insulin requiring diabetes in the early 1970s with steady progress over the last three decades.[16] Recent clinical trials have shown that insulin independence and improved metabolic control can be reproducibly obtained after transplantation of cadaveric donor islets into patients with unstable type 1 diabetes.[15] Islet transplantation for type 1 diabetes currently requires potent immunosuppression to prevent host rejection of donor islets.[17] An alternative source of beta cells, such insulin-producing cells derived from adult stem cells or progenitor cells would contribute to ...
Excretory system: kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra involved in fluid balance, electrolyte balance and excretion of urine. ...
මේවා මෙසේ නම් කරනුයේ ඒවා නිර්මාණය වී ඇති සෛල වර්ග අනුවය. ශ්ලේෂ්මල බදරිකා නිර්මාණය වී ඇත්තේ ශ්ලේෂ්මල සෛල වලිනි. මස්තු බදරිකා නිර්මාණය වී ඇත්තේ මස්තු සෛල වලිනි. එමෙන්ම මිශ්‍ර බදරිකා තැනී ඇත්තේ ශ්ලේෂ්මල හා මස්තු යන සෛල දෙවර්ගයෙන්මය. ශ්ලේෂ්මල ස්‍රාවක ප්‍රදේශ වටා සීරස් ඩෙමීලුන් සෛල පිහිටා තිබීමෙන් මිශ්‍ර බදරිකා නිර්මාණය වේ. මෙහිදී මෙම මස්තු සෛල, ශ්ලේෂ්මල නාලාකාර බදරිකා වටා අඩසඳක ...
The goals of treatment are to slow the progression of kidney damage and control related complications. Management of diabetic nephropathy currently centers over four main areas: Cardiovascular risk reduction, glycemic control, blood pressure control as well as inhibition of the RAAS system.[citation needed] Cardiovascular risk reduction: Patients with diabetes mellitus are at significantly increased risk of cardiovascular disease, which is also an independent risk factor for kidney failure. Therefore, it is important to aggressively manage cardiovascular risk factors in patients diagnosed with DM in general and DN specifically. The main components of managing cardiovascular disease is with tobacco cessation, lipid-lowering therapies (eg, statins) as well as regular exercise and healthy eating.[32] In patients with kidney disease, atorvastatin is preferred over other statins as it does not require dose-adjustment based on GFR.[33] Glycemic control: Multiple studies have found a positive effect of ...
Any part of the kidneys or urinary tract (ureters, urinary bladder, prostate, and urethra) can leak blood into the urine. The ... indicative of a presence of a kidney stone and evaluation should be done with a non-contrast CT scan of the abdomen/pelvis. If ... urinary tract infection - infection of the ureters, bladder, prostate or urethra; signs include cloudy urine, urinary frequency ...
The pituitary gland is found in all vertebrates, but its structure varies among different groups. The division of the pituitary described above is typical of mammals, and is also true, to varying degrees, of all tetrapods. However, only in mammals does the posterior pituitary have a compact shape. In lungfish, it is a relatively flat sheet of tissue lying above the anterior pituitary, but in amphibians, reptiles, and birds, it becomes increasingly well developed. The intermediate lobe is, in general, not well developed in any species and is entirely absent in birds.[21] The structure of the pituitary in fish, apart from the lungfish, is generally different from that in other animals. In general, the intermediate lobe tends to be well developed, and may equal the remainder of the anterior pituitary in size. The posterior lobe typically forms a sheet of tissue at the base of the pituitary stalk, and in most cases sends irregular finger-like projection into the tissue of the anterior pituitary, ...
Pelvis. The order of impurities being excreted from the kidneys: mga bato (anatomiya)bato → Ureters → Pantog → Uretra ... 1. Sistemang pang-ihi ng tao: 2. bato (anatomiya)bato, 3. Renal pelvis, 4. Ureter, 5. Urinary bladder, 6. Urethra. (Left side ... Sa tao, kabilang rito ang dalawang mga bato (anatomiya), dalawang mga ureter, ang pantog, at ang uretra. Ang nepidrium ang ...
... ureter) that carries urine from the kidney to the bladder. ... pelvis or ureter is cancer that forms in the kidneys pelvis or ... Cancer of the renal pelvis or ureter is cancer that forms in the kidneys pelvis or the tube (ureter) that carries urine from ... Transitional cell cancer of the renal pelvis or ureter; Kidney cancer - renal pelvis; Ureter cancer; Urothelial carcinoma ... Renal pelvis and ureter cancers affect men more often than women. These cancers are more common in people older than 65. ...
A Case of Ruptured Ureter or Renal Pelvis Br Med J 1900; 1 :71 ... A Case of Ruptured Ureter or Renal Pelvis. Br Med J 1900; 1 doi ...
Renal pelvis is the funnel-shaped proximal part of ureter that gathers urine from collecting ducts and passes it on to the ... Both renal pelvis and ureters contain smooth muscles (muscularis propria) that contracts to force urine from kidney to bladder. ... Carcinoma from renal pelvis or ureter is staged based on the level of underlying structural invasion. ... Similar to the bladder, the pelvis and ureter are lined by urothelium, which consists of umbrella, intermediate and basal cells ...
Kidney Cancer Renal Pelvis and Ureter. Kidney Cancer: Renal Pelvis and Ureter (Source: eMedicineHealth.com). Source: ... Ureter and Renal Pelvis Cancer News This is an RSS file. You can use it to subscribe to this data in your favourite RSS reader ... Radiological Case: Extraperitoneal Herniation of the Ureter Radiological Case: Extraperitoneal Herniation of the Ureter. What ... of all bladder cancers and can also be found in the renal pelvis, ureter and urethra. (Source: Roche Media News). Source: Roche ...
Learn about the symptoms of renal pelvis and ureter cancer. ... Symptoms of renal pelvis and ureter cancer can include blood in ... Symptoms of cancer of the renal pelvis or ureter. Cancer of the renal pelvis or ureter may not cause any signs or symptoms in ... Signs and symptoms often appear as the tumour gets bigger or grows deeper into the wall of the renal pelvis or ureter. Other ... health conditions can cause the same symptoms as cancer of the renal pelvis or ureter. ...
Renal pelvis and ureter cancer starts in the cells of the renal pelvis and ureter. Learn about symptoms, diagnosis, treatment ... What is cancer of the renal pelvis or ureter?. Cancer of the renal pelvis or ureter starts in the cells of the renal pelvis (a ... The renal pelvis and ureter. The renal pelvis and ureter are part of the urinary system and make up the upper urinary tract. ... Renal pelvis and ureter cancer *Renal pelvis and ureter cancer *Cancerous tumours ...
Tumors of the renal pelvis account for approximately 10% of all renal tumors and only 5% of all urothelial tumors of the ... Urothelial tumors of the renal pelvis and ureters (upper urinary tract) are relatively rare. ... for the ureter (73% of which are located in the distal ureter), 7% for both the renal pelvis and ureter, and 2-5% for bilateral ... Urothelial tumors of the renal pelvis and ureters (upper urinary tract) are relatively rare. Tumors of the renal pelvis account ...
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NIH GARD Information: Transitional cell cancer of the renal pelvis and ureter. This information is provided by the National ... Transitional cell cancer of the renal pelvis and ureter ...
transitional cell cancer of the renal pelvis and ureter. Stage Information for Transitional Cell Cancer of the Renal Pelvis and ... localized transitional cell cancer of the renal pelvis and ureter. Localized Transitional Cell Cancer of the Renal Pelvis and ... regional transitional cell cancer of the renal pelvis and ureter. Regional Transitional Cell Cancer of the Renal Pelvis and ... transitional cell cancer of the renal pelvis and ureter. General Information About Transitional Cell Cancer of the Renal Pelvis ...
Renal Pelvis and Ureter. Amin MB, Edge S, Greene F, Byrd DR, Brookland RK, et al, eds. AJCC Cancer Staging Manual. 8th. New ... What are the guidelines on the diagnosis of urothelial tumors of the renal pelvis and ureters?. Updated: Aug 07, 2020 ... Tavora F, Fajardo DA, Lee TK, Lotan T, Miller JS, Miyamoto H. Small endoscopic biopsies of the ureter and renal pelvis: ... Drugs & Diseases , Urology , Urothelial Tumors of the Renal Pelvis and Ureters Q&A ...
Also known as: Transitional cell cancer of the renal pelvis and ureter NOS / Renal pelvis and ureter transitional cell cancer ... Renal pelvis and ureteral cancer transitional cell NOS / Renal pelvis and ureteric cancer transitional cell NOS ... NOS / Renal pelvis and ureteric cancer NOS transitional cell / ...
Ureter or Urethra Cancer) - Lincoln NE. ClinicalConnection helps connect participants with clinical trials in their area. Join ... This type of cancer includes cancer of the bladder, renal pelvis, ureter or urethra. Help advance Urothelial Cancer research. ... Urothelial Cancer (Bladder, Renal Pelvis, Ureter or Urethra Cancer) - Lincoln NE. * Home ...
Renal pelvis or ureter cancer. Transitional cell cancer of the renal pelvis or ureter; Kidney cancer - renal pelvis; Ureter ... Cancer of the renal pelvis or ureter is cancer that forms in the kidneys pelvis or the tube (ureter) that carries urine from ... Renal pelvis and ureter cancers affect men more often than women. These cancers are more common in people older than 65. ... PDQ transitional cell cancer of the renal pelvis and ureter treatment. Bethesda, MD: National Cancer Institute. Updated October ...
... and transitional cell cancer of the ureter, accounting for only 1 of every 25 upper tract tumors, are curable in more than 90% ... of patients if they are superficial and confined to the renal pelvis or... ... Incidence and Mortality Transitional cell carcinoma of the renal pelvis, accounting for only 7% of all kidney tumors, ... Localized Transitional Cell Cancer of the Renal Pelvis and Ureter * Regional Transitional Cell Cancer of the Renal Pelvis and ...
Also known as: Transitional cell cancer of the renal pelvis and ureter recurrent / Renal pelvis and ureter transitional cell ... Recurrent Transitional Cell Cancer of the Renal Pelvis and Ureter Terminated Phase 2 Trials for Vorinostat (DB02546). Back to ... DBCOND0028816 (Recurrent Transitional Cell Cancer of the Renal Pelvis and Ureter). Terminated. 2. ... Renal pelvis and ureteral cancer transitional cell recurrent / Renal pelvis and ureteric cancer transitional cell recurrent ...
Response of the renal pelvis and ureter to distension of the contralateral renal pelvis and ureter: Identification of the reno- ... Response of the renal pelvis and ureter to distension of the contralateral renal pelvis and ureter: Identification of the reno- ... Response of the renal pelvis and ureter to distension of the contralateral renal pelvis and ureter: Identification of the reno- ... Studies on the function of the renal pelvis and ureter. V. On O-loop collar electrode for electromyography of the ureter. ...
Renal Pelvis and Ureter Cancer - Learn about the causes, symptoms, diagnosis & treatment from the MSD Manuals - Medical ... ureters). Cancers of the renal pelvis and ureter are much less common than cancers of the rest of the kidney or bladder. They ... If the cancer has not spread beyond the area of the renal pelvis and ureter, the usual treatment is surgical removal of the ... Some cancers in the renal pelvis and ureter may be treated with a laser to destroy the cancer cells or with surgery that ...
Learn more about Transitional Cell Cancer of the Renal Pelvis and Ureter Treatment (PDQ®) (Patients) from the National Cancer ... the renal pelvis and ureter.. The renal pelvis is the top part of the ureter. The ureter is a long tube that connects the ... Recurrent Transitional Cell Cancer of the Renal Pelvis and Ureter. Recurrent transitional cell cancer of the renal pelvis and ... The urine collects in the middle of each kidney in the renal pelvis. Urine passes from the renal pelvis through the ureter into ...
Renal pelvis or ureter cancer. Definition Cancer of the renal pelvis or ureter is cancer that forms in the kidneys pelvis or ... Transitional cell cancer of the renal pelvis or ureter; Kidney cancer - renal pelvis; Ureter cancer; Urothelial carcinoma ... Renal pelvis and ureter cancers affect men more often than women. These cancers are more common in people older than 65. ... Tumors of the kidney, bladder, ureters, and renal pelvis. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldman-Cecil Medicine. 25th ed. ...
... causing progressive distention of the renal pelvis (the funnel-like dilated proximal part of the ureter in the kidney) and ... Pyelonephritis is a bacterial infection of the renal pelvis, the funnel-like part of the ureter in the cats kidney. Learn more ... An ectopic (displaced) ureter is a congenital abnormality in which one or both ureters (the muscular ducts that propel urine ... and accidental binding of the ureter during spaying and after ectopic ureter surgery. Bilateral hydronephrosis (distention and ...
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Cases of the primary tumor of the ureter are very rare. Clinically, the tumors of the renal pelvis and ureter are manifested by ... Recognition of tumors of the pelvis and ureter Important role in the treatment of children with Wilms tumor, especially in the ... For tumors of the ureter, less often with a tumor of the renal pelvis, a defect (sometimes defects) of filling and growth is ... Tumors of the renal pelvis and ureter are divided into benign (papilloma, less often angioma) and malignant (papillary precise ...
THE KIDNEY ACCUMULATES filtrate (i.e., urine) from the blood in its renal pelvis. Connecting to the renal pelvis is the ureter ... Ureter and Renal Pelvis, Transitional Cell Cancer Navneet Singh, Chethan Sathya & Harleen K. Khanijoun ... "Ureter and Renal Pelvis, Transitional Cell Cancer." In Encyclopedia of Cancer and Society, edited by Graham A. Colditz, 975-976 ... "Ureter and Renal Pelvis, Transitional Cell Cancer." Encyclopedia of Cancer and Society. Ed. Graham A. Colditz. Thousand Oaks: ...
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... *Authors: *Takashi Iizumi ... RT for renal pelvis or ureter cancer is usually used with palliative intent or as adjuvant treatment in the postoperative ... 4). He was the first case of PBT for renal pelvis and ureter cancer in our institute. Surgery was proposed, but he refused to ... The data is limited; however, PBT appears to be a potential option for patients with renal pelvis or ureter cancer, especially ...
Pyelonephritis is a bacterial infection of the renal pelvis, the funnel-like part of the ureter in the cats kidney. Learn more ... An ectopic (displaced) ureter is a congenital abnormality in which one or both ureters (the muscular ducts that propel urine ... these ducts eventually enter the renal pelvis and a tube through which urine follows into the ureter. Kidney stones or kidney ... Fluid Buildup in the Kidney Due to Kidney or Ureter Obstruction in Cats. In most cats, hydronephrosis occurs when fluid builds ...
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Urothelial cells also line the renal pelvis and ureters. Although cancer that develops in the renal pelvis and ureters is ... The renal pelvis is a funnel-like part of the kidney that collects urine and sends it into the ureter. The ureter is a tube ... Each kidney connects to a ureter via the renal pelvis and calyx. The ureters run down the body to connect to the bladder, which ... About the bladder, renal pelvis, and ureter. The bladder is an expandable, hollow organ in the pelvis that stores urine before ...
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  • Carcinoma from renal pelvis or ureter is staged based on the level of underlying structural invasion. (auanet.org)
  • Non-invasive carcinoma from the pelvis may travel within the collecting duct without renal parenchymal invasion. (auanet.org)
  • Urothelial carcinoma starts in the renal pelvis more often than the ureter, but it can also be found in both places at the same time. (cancer.ca)
  • These include squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma of the renal pelvis or ureter. (cancer.ca)
  • Transitional cell carcinoma of the renal pelvis, accounting for only 7% of all kidney tumors, and transitional cell cancer of the ureter, accounting for only 1 of every 25 upper urinary tract tumors, are curable in more than 90% of patients if they are superficial and confined to the renal pelvis or ureter. (oncolink.org)
  • The American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) has designated staging by TNM classification to define carcinoma of the renal pelvis and ureter. (uwhealth.org)
  • Cancer can occur in the cells lining the central collecting area of the kidney (the renal pelvis-usually a type called transitional cell carcinoma of the renal pelvis) and in the slender tubes that carry urine from the kidney to the bladder (ureters). (msdmanuals.com)
  • Ding et al ( 7 ), investigated outcomes of 1,910 patients with primary transitional cell carcinoma of the ureter using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database, and the 5-year overall survival rates of surgery only and RT only for stage I-II patients were 59.6 and 0%, respectively. (spandidos-publications.com)
  • Urothelial Carcinoma of the Renal Pelvis and Ureter: Does Location Make a Difference? (elsevier.com)
  • Background: There is a paucity of data on outcomes of upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) arising from the renal pelvis (RPUC) versus UTUC arising from the ureter (UUC). (elsevier.com)
  • Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Urothelial Carcinoma of the Renal Pelvis and Ureter: Does Location Make a Difference? (elsevier.com)
  • The dataset has been developed for the reporting of resection specimens from patients with primary carcinoma of the ureter and renal pelvis. (iccr-cancer.org)
  • Data Set for the Reporting of Carcinoma of the Renal Pelvis and Ureter-Nephroureterectomy and Ureterectomy Specimens: Recommendations From the International Collaboration on Cancer Reporting (ICCR). (iccr-cancer.org)
  • Primary carcinoma of the ureter. (mirrortr.com)
  • We evaluated the usefulness of preoperative computed tomography (CT) in 26 patients with transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) of the renal pelvis or ureter . (bvsalud.org)
  • When it occurs in the ureter or renal pelvis it is caller upper tract transitional cell carcinoma (UT-TCC) . (dvuroboticsurgery.com)
  • We reported here a case of sarcomatoid carcinoma of renal pelvis with osteosarcomatous differentiation, with involvement of the ureter and renal parenchyma in a 68-year-old female. (iranpath.org)
  • Piscioli F, Bondi A, Scappini P Luciani L.True sarcomatoid carcinoma of the renal pelvis. (iranpath.org)
  • A Case Report of a Sarcomatoid Carcinoma Arising in the Renal Pelvis with Exuberant Osteosarcomatous Element. (iranpath.org)
  • Sarcomatoid Carcinoma of the Renal Pelvis with Giant Cell Tumour like Features: Case Report with Immunohistochemical Findings. (iranpath.org)
  • Sarcomatoid carcinoma of the renal pelvis: Experience of multiple cases over a ten-year period. (iranpath.org)
  • Sarcomatoid carcinoma of the renal Pelvis: A case report. (iranpath.org)
  • A case report of an urothelial carcinoma arising in the renal pelvis with exuberant chondrosarcomatous element associated with adrenal metastasis. (iranpath.org)
  • Lopez-Beltran A, Escudero AL, Cavazzana AO, Spagnoli LG, Vicioso Recio L. Sarcomatoid transitional cell carcinoma of the renal pelvis. (iranpath.org)
  • Thiel DD, Igel TC and Wu KJ: Sarcomatoid carcinoma of tran-sitional cell origin confined to renal pelvis. (iranpath.org)
  • Kidney cancer includes renal cell carcinoma (cancer that forms in the lining of very small tubes in the kidney that filter the blood and remove waste products) and renal pelvis carcinoma (cancer that forms in the center of the kidney where urine collects). (smartdraw.com)
  • Another type of cancer, transitional cell carcinoma, affects the renal pelvis. (smartdraw.com)
  • Transitional cell carcinoma other than that of the renal, pelvis, ureter, or bladder 16. (cancer.gov)
  • Spindle cell carcinoma of kidney, pelvis, ureter 20. (cancer.gov)
  • Transitional cell carcinoma other than that of the renal, pelvis, ureter, or bladder (closed to accrual 04 / 15 / 2019) 16. (cancer.gov)
  • Cancer of the urinary tract that occurs in the kidney or ureter is called urothelial carcinoma. (mdanderson.org)
  • It collects in the renal pelvis then travels along the ureters to the bladder where it is stored. (cancer.ca)
  • Urine is made in the renal tubules and collects in the renal pelvis of each kidney. (wustl.edu)
  • Your kidneys produce urine which collects in the renal pelvis at the top of your ureters (see Figure 1). (mskcc.org)
  • In most cats, hydronephrosis occurs when fluid builds up in the kidney, causing progressive distention of the renal pelvis (the funnel-like dilated proximal part of the ureter in the kidney) and diverticula (out pouching, with atrophy of the kidney secondary to obstruction). (petmd.com)
  • Bilateral hydronephrosis (distention and dilation of the renal pelvis) is rare. (petmd.com)
  • We report macroscopic, histopathological and, in one case, immunohistochemical features of these rare forms found in the left ureters of two cats, after ureterectomy due to urinary obstruction with slight monolateral hydronephrosis. (scirp.org)
  • This PDQ cancer information summary for health professionals provides comprehensive, peer-reviewed, evidence-based information about the treatment of transitional cell cancer of the renal pelvis and ureter. (oncolink.org)
  • Transitional cell cancer of the renal pelvis and ureter is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the renal pelvis and ureter. (wustl.edu)
  • Transitional cell cancer can form in the renal pelvis or the ureter or both. (wustl.edu)
  • Misuse of certain pain medicines can affect the risk of transitional cell cancer of the renal pelvis and ureter. (wustl.edu)
  • Signs and symptoms of transitional cell cancer of the renal pelvis and ureter include blood in the urine and back pain. (wustl.edu)
  • These and other signs and symptoms may be caused by transitional cell cancer of the renal pelvis and ureter or by other conditions . (wustl.edu)
  • Tests that examine the abdomen and kidneys are used to detect (find) and diagnose transitional cell cancer of the renal pelvis and ureter. (wustl.edu)
  • A personal history of bladder cancer and smoking can affect the risk of transitional cell cancer of the renal pelvis and ureter. (uncmedicalcenter.org)
  • ClinicalTrials.gov lists trials that are related to Transitional cell cancer of the renal pelvis and ureter. (cdc.gov)
  • You can download and read online 21st Century Adult Cancer Sourcebook: Transitional Cell Cancer of the Renal Pelvis and Ureter - Clinical Data for Patients, Families, and Physicians file PDF Book only if you are registered here. (licneichriscopmte.gq)
  • And also you can download or read online all Book PDF file that related with 21st Century Adult Cancer Sourcebook: Transitional Cell Cancer of the Renal Pelvis and Ureter - Clinical Data for Patients, Families, and Physicians book. (licneichriscopmte.gq)
  • It's free to register here to get Book file PDF 21st Century Adult Cancer Sourcebook: Transitional Cell Cancer of the Renal Pelvis and Ureter - Clinical Data for Patients, Families, and Physicians Pocket Guide. (licneichriscopmte.gq)
  • Crampy pain in the flank (the space between the ribs and hip) or lower abdomen may occur if the flow of urine is obstructed (for example, because a blood clot blocks the ureter). (msdmanuals.com)
  • To determine how extensive cancers are and how far they have spread, CT scans of the abdomen and pelvis and chest x-ray are done. (msdmanuals.com)
  • Guest edited by Drs. Gabriela Gayer and Douglas Katz, this issue of Radiologic Clinics concentrates on iatrogenic conditions of the chest, abdomen and pelvis. (elsevier.com)
  • With this technique, the surgeon detaches the ureters from the bladder and brings one or both to the surface of the abdomen. (wikipedia.org)
  • This procedure brings only one ureter to the surface of the abdomen. (wikipedia.org)
  • This procedure brings the two ureters to the surface of the abdomen, one on each side. (wikipedia.org)
  • This procedure brings both ureters to the same side of the abdomen, through the same stoma. (wikipedia.org)
  • Urothelium covers most of the urinary system, including the renal pelvis, ureters, and bladder. (wikipedia.org)
  • The renal pelvis and ureter are part of the urinary system and make up the upper urinary tract. (cancer.ca)
  • The urinary system includes the kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra. (cancer.ca)
  • Anatomy of the male urinary system (left panel) and female urinary system (right panel) showing the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra. (wustl.edu)
  • The urinary system , also known as the renal system or urinary tract , consists of the kidneys , ureters , bladder , and the urethra . (wikipedia.org)
  • Significantly reduced number of Cajal-like cells in study group compared to control group , shows that these cells may have a key role in regulation of peristalsis at level of renal pelvis and proximal ureter in urinary system. (bvsalud.org)
  • The muscular sac in the pelvis that receives urine from the ureters (tubes that carry urine from the kidneys), stores it and passes it from the body through the urethra. (cancer.ca)
  • Urothelial tumors of the renal pelvis and ureters (upper urinary tract) are relatively rare. (medscape.com)
  • Tumors of the renal pelvis account for approximately 10% of all renal tumors and only 5% of all urothelial tumors of the urinary tract. (medscape.com)
  • Squamous cell cancer (SCC) of the urinary tract constitutes less than 15% of the tumors of the renal pelvis and a smaller percentage of ureteral tumors, and SCC is often associated with chronic calculus disease and infection. (oncolink.org)
  • What are the guidelines on the diagnosis of urothelial tumors of the renal pelvis and ureters? (medscape.com)
  • Tumors of the renal pelvis and ureter are divided into benign (papilloma, less often angioma) and malignant (papillary precise, mucus-forming cancer, adenocarcinoma and sarcoma). (healthy-body.com.ua)
  • Clinically, the tumors of the renal pelvis and ureter are manifested by macrogematuria, which is often accompanied by the formation of large clots and therefore leads to renal colic. (healthy-body.com.ua)
  • Diagnosis of tumors of the renal pelvis is based on history, cystoscopy, hematuria, the results of urinal cytology and X-ray examination. (healthy-body.com.ua)
  • McCarron JP, Mills C, Vaughn ED., Jr Tumors of the renal pelvis and ureter: current concepts and management. (mirrortr.com)
  • Some cancers in the renal pelvis and ureter may be treated with a laser to destroy the cancer cells or with surgery that removes only the cancer itself while leaving the kidney, the noncancerous portion of the ureter, and the bladder in place. (msdmanuals.com)
  • Which branches of the ureter's blood supply are responsible for the abdominal portion of the ureter? (brainscape.com)
  • Which branch of ureter blood supply is responsible for the pelvic portion of the ureter? (brainscape.com)
  • In conclusion, distension of the RP with large volumes led to an increase in pressure in the contralateral RP but not in the U. A reflex relationship is postulated to exist between the two renal pelves and to be mediated through a reflex we call the reno-renal pelvic reflex. (eurekamag.com)
  • The ureter descends retroperitoneally on the lateral pelvic wall. (dartmouth.edu)
  • The empty bladder in vivo lies almost entirely within the pelvis and rests on the pubis and pelvic floor. (dartmouth.edu)
  • Ureter and renal pelvic Tumors of the kidney most often originate in transitional cells, which are cells in the lining of the bladder. (mirrortr.com)
  • In this clinical trial, 70 patients with ureter and pelvic stones referred to Imam Reza Hospital of Tabriz University of Medical Sciences were enrolled and divided into two groups (n=35 each) based on their desire. (jrmds.in)
  • Renal pelvis is the funnel-shaped proximal part of ureter that gathers urine from collecting ducts and passes it on to the ureter (image A) & (image B) . (auanet.org)
  • Ureter has a "star-shaped" lumen surrounded by 2 layers of smooth muscle for the proximal 2/3 of its length, and 3 layers of muscle for the final 1/3 of its length to the bladder (image C) & (image D) . (auanet.org)
  • To evaluate effects of Cajal-like cells on human renal pelvis and proximal ureter on peristalsis . (bvsalud.org)
  • Distribution of Cajal-like cells in renal pelvis and proximal tubulus was similar under examination by light microscope, and also both groups were not different from each other regarding staining intensity of Cajal-like cells by c-kit. (bvsalud.org)
  • When UT-TCC affects the renal pelvis or calyces of the kidney and endoscopic treatment is not indicated or possible, then kidney and ureteral removal is required. (dvuroboticsurgery.com)
  • Surgical samples of left ureter of a 5-year-old, European, sterilized female cat (case 1) and a 6-year-old, European, neutered male cat (case 2) were sent to the Pathological Anatomy Laboratory Service of the Department of Veterinary Medical Sciences of Bologna for diagnosis. (scirp.org)
  • I have a kink in my left ureter near the renal pelvis. (medhelp.org)
  • Total excision of the ureter with a bladder cuff, renal pelvis, and kidney is recommended in an attempt to provide the greatest likelihood of cure. (oncolink.org)
  • Radical nephroureterectomy (RNU) is the standard of treatment for high-grade or clinically infiltrating UTUC and includes the removal of the entire kidney, ureter and ipsilateral bladder cuff. (springer.com)
  • This surgery is called nephroureterectomy and entails removal of the entire kidney and ureter in one piece (en bloc) as well as a small portion of the bladder (bladder cuff). (dvuroboticsurgery.com)
  • Renal pelvis and ureter cancers affect men more often than women. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Cancers of the renal pelvis and ureter are much less common than cancers of the rest of the kidney or bladder. (msdmanuals.com)
  • A small percentage of renal pelvis and ureter book cancers, approximately 10 percent, start in the squamous cells, flat cells in the outer layer of the skin, that line the respiratory and digestive tracts, and hollow organs. (mirrortr.com)
  • The ureters are thin tubes that connect the kidneys to the bladder. (cancer.ca)
  • An intravenous pyelogram (IVP) is a special x-ray exam of the kidneys, bladder, and ureters (the tubes that carry urine from the kidneys to the bladd. (stlukes-stl.com)
  • Kidney stones or kidney stone fragments can also pass through this system of tubes and into the ureter, causing serious complications. (petmd.com)
  • Following filtration of blood and further processing, wastes (in the form of urine ) exit the kidney via the ureters, tubes made of smooth muscle fibres that propel urine towards the urinary bladder, where it is stored and subsequently expelled from the body by urination ( voiding ). (wikipedia.org)
  • the renal pelvis through long tubes called ureters. (nccn.org)
  • The ureters are muscular tubes that can propel urine along by the motions of peristalsis . (bionity.com)
  • Urine flows into the ureter tubes and down into the bladder. (mdanderson.org)
  • Aetiology, diagnosis and management of urothelial tumours of the renal pelvis and ureter. (openrepository.com)
  • The distal ureter can be managed either by extravesical or transvesical approach, whereas endoscopically assisted procedures are associated with decreased intravesical recurrence-free survival. (springer.com)
  • Renal-sparing surgery is an option for manageable, high-grade tumours of any part of the upper tract, especially of the distal ureter, as an alternative to RNU. (springer.com)
  • When UT-TCC occurs in the lower part of the ureter near the bladder, it may be possible to remove only the affected part of the ureter (distal ureterectomy). (dvuroboticsurgery.com)
  • The distal third of the ureter contains another layer of outer longitudinal muscle. (bionity.com)
  • Similar to the bladder, the pelvis and ureter are lined by urothelium, which consists of umbrella, intermediate and basal cells. (auanet.org)
  • The urothelium is the inner lining of each renal pelvis and ureter. (cancer.ca)
  • The lamina propria is a thin layer of connective tissue that surrounds the urothelium of each renal pelvis and ureter. (cancer.ca)
  • There the ureteric lumen is narrowest, and the muscular coats of the ureter and bladder are continuous. (dartmouth.edu)
  • These collecting ducts then join together to form the minor calyces, followed by the major calyces that ultimately join the renal pelvis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Signs and symptoms often appear as the tumour gets bigger or grows deeper into the wall of the renal pelvis or ureter. (cancer.ca)
  • hi, can you tell me when there is a tumour on the ureter (which is not causing a total bloc. (medhelp.org)
  • EBRT may improve overall survival for patients with T3/T4 cancer of the renal pelvis or ureter and delay bladder tumour recurrence in all patients. (beds.ac.uk)
  • All these approaches require urinary tract reconstruction consisting of ureteral reimplantation, with or without a psoas hitch, Boari flap, ileal ureter, or autotransplantation of the kidney. (dvuroboticsurgery.com)
  • In human anatomy , the ureters are the ducts that carry urine from the kidneys to the urinary bladder , passing anterior to the psoas major. (bionity.com)
  • The adventitia of the ureter, like elsewhere is composed of fibrous connective tissue, that binds it to adjacent tissues. (bionity.com)
  • Bladder cancer also often spreads to the lymph nodes in the pelvis. (cancer.net)
  • If it has spread into the liver, bones, lungs, lymph nodes outside the pelvis, or other parts of the body, the cancer is called metastatic disease. (cancer.net)
  • The clinical target volume included the renal fossa, the course of the ureter to the entire bladder, and the paracaval and para-aortic lymph nodes, which were at risk of harbouring metastatic disease in 53 patients. (beds.ac.uk)
  • A normal ureter from a 5-year-old European, female cat, examined during a necropsy, has been sampled as case control for histology of case 1 and case 2. (scirp.org)
  • If the cancer has not spread beyond the area of the renal pelvis and ureter, the usual treatment is surgical removal of the entire kidney and ureter (nephroureterectomy) along with a small part of the bladder. (msdmanuals.com)
  • Radical nephroureterectomy is a routine initial therapy for most patients with TCC of the renal pelvis or ureter. (beds.ac.uk)
  • Cancer of the renal pelvis or ureter starts in the cells of the renal pelvis (a hollow part of each kidney ) or ureter (a tube that connects each kidney to the bladder ). (cancer.ca)
  • The ureter is a long tube that connects the kidney to the bladder . (wustl.edu)
  • The urine flows from the kidneys through the ureters to the bladder. (wustl.edu)
  • Urine flows from the kidneys via the ureters into the bladder where it is stored. (wikipedia.org)
  • The disease is usually one-sided and occurs secondary to complete or partial obstruction of the kidney or ureter by kidney stones , tumor, retroperitoneal (the anatomical space behind the abdominal cavity ), disease, trauma, radiotherapy, and accidental binding of the ureter during spaying and after ectopic ureter surgery. (petmd.com)
  • This study aimed to compare the clinical results and complications of retroperitoneal laparoscopic ureterolithotomy with open surgery in the renal pelvis and ureter stones. (jrmds.in)
  • Retroperitoneal laparoscopic ureterolithotomy of the renal pelvis and ureter stones is an effective method without complications and can be used as an alternative to open surgery. (jrmds.in)
  • Is the ureter intra- or retroperitoneal? (brainscape.com)
  • The ureters carry urine to the bladder. (nccn.org)
  • Patients with deeply invasive tumors that are confined to the renal pelvis or ureter have a 10% to 15% likelihood of cure. (oncolink.org)
  • however, PBT appears to be a potential option for patients with renal pelvis or ureter cancer, especially for those who are unsuitable for radical surgery. (spandidos-publications.com)
  • In our institute, we have treated 5 patients treated with definitive PBT, and herein describe our experience to explore the potential effectiveness of PBT as a curative treatment for renal pelvis and ureter cancer patients unfit for surgery. (spandidos-publications.com)
  • Between September 2009 and July 2013, 5 patients with renal pelvis or ureter cancer were definitively treated with PBT at our hospital. (spandidos-publications.com)
  • We treated 133 patients with TCC of the renal pelvis or ureter at our institution between 1998 and 2008. (beds.ac.uk)
  • however, the overall 5-year survival rate after surgery ranges from 0-34% for patients with locally advanced TCC of the renal pelvis and ureter. (beds.ac.uk)
  • The role of adjuvant external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) in the treatment of patients with TCC of the renal pelvis and ureter is unknown. (beds.ac.uk)
  • The ability of EBRT to improve the treatment outcome for patients with locally advanced renal pelvis or ureter cancer has been assessed [ 8 , 9 ], but the studies included a small patient population and were not detailed enough to draw any conclusions. (beds.ac.uk)
  • In this study, we report on a relatively large group of patients with TCC of the renal pelvis and ureter who were treated with postoperative radiotherapy and intravesical chemotherapy. (beds.ac.uk)
  • Therefore, this study provides a detailed evaluation of the efficacy of adjuvant radiotherapy in patients with TCC of the renal pelvis and ureter. (beds.ac.uk)
  • To evaluate the outcome of external beam radiation therapy (EBRT) in patients with TCC of the renal pelvis or ureter, we analysed data collected prospectively for patients treated at the Department of Urology at Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University between September 1998 and April 2008. (beds.ac.uk)
  • Ureteral tumors occur about one half as often as tumors located in the renal pelvis. (medscape.com)
  • Malignant epithelial tumors account more than 90 % of all renal pelvis and ureteral tumors. (mirrortr.com)
  • A recessed area on the concave border is the renal hilum , where the renal artery enters the kidney and the renal vein and ureter leave. (wikipedia.org)
  • Urine made in the kidneys passes through the ureters to the bladder. (cancer.ca)
  • Urine passes from the renal pelvis through the ureter into the bladder. (wustl.edu)
  • It passes through your skin and into your renal pelvis. (mskcc.org)
  • In addition, for the tumor of the ureter, the emergence from the lumen of the urine catheter, stained with blood, as a consequence of traumatizing the tumor with the element of the catheter. (healthy-body.com.ua)
  • The ureter has a diameter of about 3 millimeters, and the lumen is star-shaped. (bionity.com)
  • The slit-like opening ofthe ureter on the trigone may be catheterized through a cystoscope, and a radio-opaque medium may be injected (ascending, or retrograde, pyelography). (dartmouth.edu)
  • The triangular area formed between the orifices of the right and left ureters and the internal urethral orifice is termed the trigone. (dartmouth.edu)
  • The renal pelvis is a hollow part in the middle of each kidney. (cancer.ca)
  • The urine collects in the middle of each kidney in the renal pelvis. (wustl.edu)
  • A procedure to look inside the ureter and renal pelvis to check for abnormal areas. (wustl.edu)