Group composed of associates of same species, approximately the same age, and usually of similar rank or social status.
Methods for quantitatively assessing and measuring interpersonal and group relationships.
The state of estrangement individuals feel in cultural settings that they view as foreign, unpredictable, or unacceptable.
Any behavior associated with conflict between two individuals.
The process by which an aspect of self image is developed based on in-group preference or ethnocentrism and a perception of belonging to a social or cultural group. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed.)
A view of the world and the individual's environment as comprehensible, manageable, and meaningful, claiming that the way people view their life has a positive influence on their health.
The informal or formal organization of a group of people based on a network of personal relationships which is influenced by the size and composition, etc., of the group.
The stages of development of the psychological aspects of sexuality from birth to adulthood; i.e., oral, anal, genital, and latent periods.
Behaviors which are at variance with the expected social norm and which affect other individuals.
The reciprocal interaction of two or more persons.
An organized procedure carried out by a select committee of professionals in evaluating the performance of other professionals in meeting the standards of their specialty. Review by peers is used by editors in the evaluation of articles and other papers submitted for publication. Peer review is used also in the evaluation of grant applications. It is applied also in evaluating the quality of health care provided to patients.
Behavior which may be manifested by destructive and attacking action which is verbal or physical, by covert attitudes of hostility or by obstructionism.
Any observable response or action of an adolescent.
Economic aspects related to the management and operation of a hospital.
A republic in southern Africa east of ZAMBIA and MOZAMBIQUE. Its capital is Lilongwe. It was formerly called Nyasaland.
Educational institutions.
The aggregate of social and cultural institutions, forms, patterns, and processes that influence the life of an individual or community.
Educational programs designed to inform physicians of recent advances in their field.
The concurrent or retrospective review by practicing physicians or other health professionals of the quality and efficiency of patient care practices or services ordered or performed by other physicians or other health professionals (From The Facts On File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988).
Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
The evaluation by experts of the quality and pertinence of research or research proposals of other experts in the same field. Peer review is used by editors in deciding which submissions warrant publication, by granting agencies to determine which proposals should be funded, and by academic institutions in tenure decisions.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Non-acceptance, negative attitudes, hostility or excessive criticism of the individual which may precipitate feelings of rejection.
Persons whom one knows, likes, and trusts.

Teenage mothers and their peers: a research challenge. (1/1946)

Recent reports have highlighted the adverse health experience of teenage mothers. The question of how these mothers' perceptions of their own health status and social networks differ from those of their nulliparous peers is explored in this pilot study, which highlights some practical problems associated with research in this important field.  (+info)

Loud, sad or bad: young people's perceptions of peer groups and smoking. (2/1946)

This paper suggests that most 13 year olds and many 11 year olds have a clear and detailed grasp of their own social map, recognize the pecking order which is established amongst their peers and are aware of the different levels of risk-taking behaviour, including smoking, adopted by different peer groups in their school year. Thirty six 11 year olds and 40 13 year olds took part in the study. Their remarkably consistent views about which pupils adopt or reject smoking are closely related to their perceptions of their social map. Their accounts differentiate top girls, top boys, middle pupils, low-status pupils, trouble-makers and loners, associating smoking behaviour consistently with three of the five groups--the top girls, the low-status pupils and the trouble makers. Top boys, although sharing many of the characteristics of top girls, have an added protection factor--their keen interest in football and physical fitness. From their descriptions, it is apparent that different groups of pupils smoke for different reasons which are related to pecking order and group membership. The implications of these young people's views for health education programmes to prevent smoking and other risk-taking behaviours are far reaching.  (+info)

Planning with PRA: HIV and STD in a Nepalese mountain community. (3/1946)

The application of Participatory Rural Appraisal methods (PRA) to the topic of sexual health enabled us to explore key factors concerning local people's perceptions regarding HIV/AIDS and STDs and to plan collectively to address the emerging issues. Conducting the process in a gender sensitive way enabled people to feel safe enough to express their own opinions, and having gained confidence in their peer groups, to share ideas later with the whole community in a joint planning exercise. Nevertheless one group was identified as difficult to reach and whose needs could not be met in a group for reasons of confidentiality. While the methodology itself clearly has great potential in planning around specific health issues, there are, nevertheless, limitations. Although the approach and the tools used are simple and accessible, the skills needed to analyze the information are more complex and demanding. The training given did not manage to equip facilitators adequately with these analytical skills and in the future will be more experience based and geared towards developing analysis and the ability to formulate questions. In addition, since the project is not permanently resident in the area, intensive support within the District is necessary to increase the chances of sustainability.  (+info)

Is peer tutoring beneficial in the context of school resuscitation training? (4/1946)

First year pupils at a Cardiff comprehensive school were trained in cardiopulmonary resuscitation, 106 by the teacher only and 137 by the teacher assisted by older pupils (peer tutoring). Scores in a multiple choice theory test and in practical skill assessment showed no significant difference between instruction methods, but boys taught by the teacher assisted by older pupils expressed less willingness to resuscitate in an emergency than girls instructed by either method (P < 0.01). Girls had higher scores in the multiple choice paper (P < 0.025) and in the skills assessment (P < 0.01). Those pupils who reported some prior knowledge of resuscitation techniques performed better during skill assessment than novice trainees (P < 0.025).  (+info)

The relation between behavior problems and peer preference in different classroom contexts. Conduct Problems Prevention Research Group. (5/1946)

This study tested two alternative hypotheses regarding the relations between child behavior and peer preference. The first hypothesis is generated from the person-group similarity model, which predicts that the acceptability of social behaviors will vary as a function of peer group norms. The second hypothesis is generated by the social skill model, which predicts that behavioral skill deficiencies reduce and behavioral competencies enhance peer preference. A total of 2895 children in 134 regular first-grade classrooms participated in the study. Hierarchical linear modeling was used to compare four different behaviors as predictors of peer preference in the context of classrooms with varying levels of these behavior problems. The results of the study supported both predictive models, with the acceptability of aggression and withdrawal varying across classrooms (following a person-group similarity model) and the effects of inattentive/hyperactive behavior (in a negative direction) and prosocial behavior (in a positive direction) following a social skill model and remaining constant in their associations with peer preference across classrooms. Gender differences also emerged, with aggression following the person-group similarity model for boys more strongly than for girls. The effects of both child behaviors and the peer group context on peer preference and on the trajectory of social development are discussed.  (+info)

Behavioural intervention trials for HIV/STD prevention in schools: are they feasible? (6/1946)

OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility of conducting a large randomised controlled trial (RCT) of peer led intervention in schools to reduce the risk of HIV/STD and promote sexual health. METHODS: Four secondary schools in Greater London were randomly assigned to receive peer led intervention (two experimental schools) or to act as control schools. In the experimental schools, trained volunteers aged 16-17 years (year 12) delivered the peer led intervention to 13-14 year old pupils (year 9). In the control schools, year 9 pupils received the usual teacher led sex education. Questionnaire data collected from year 9 pupils at baseline included views on the quality of sex education/intervention received, and knowledge and attitudes about HIV/AIDS and other sexual matters. Focus groups were also conducted with peer educators and year 9 pupils. Data on the process of delivering sex education/intervention and on attitudes to the RCT were collected for each of the schools. Analysis focused on the acceptability of a randomised trial to schools, parents, and pupils. RESULTS: Nearly 500 parents were informed about the research and invited to examine the study questionnaire; only nine raised questions and only one pupil was withdrawn from the study. Questionnaire completion rates were around 90% in all schools. At baseline, the majority of year 9 pupils wanted more information about a wide range of sexual matters. Focus group work indicated considerable enthusiasm for peer led education, among peer educators and year 9 pupils. Class discipline was the most frequently noted problem with the delivery of the peer led intervention. CONCLUSION: Evaluation of a peer led behavioural intervention through an RCT can be acceptable to schools, pupils, and parents and is feasible in practice. In general, pupils who received the peer led intervention responded more positively than those in control schools. A large RCT of the long term (5-7 year) effects of this novel intervention on sexual health outcomes is now under way.  (+info)

An expansion of the peer-tutoring paradigm: cross-age peer tutoring of social skills among socially rejected boys. (7/1946)

We examined the effects of a cross-age peer-tutoring program on the social skills of 2 sixth-grade and 2 kindergarten socially rejected and isolated boys. Peer tutoring consisted of the older boys conducting social skills training with their younger tutees. The frequency of positive social interactions increased for all 4 boys, with maintenance of treatment gains following a 5-week interval.  (+info)

Practical approaches to reduce the impact of bullying. (8/1946)

Bullying has serious long term consequences for all concerned. The cost of ignoring bullying is great, and it is no longer acceptable to view bullying as a normal part of everyday life that children have to learn to tolerate. Effective strategies exist to reduce the frequency of bullying and to make this type of aggressive behaviour less likely to occur.  (+info)

In the context of public health and medical research, a peer group is a social group whose members have similar interests, concerns, or social positions. Peer groups can play an important role in shaping individual behaviors, attitudes, and beliefs, particularly during adolescence and young adulthood. In research, studying peer groups can help researchers understand how social norms and influences affect health-related behaviors, such as substance use, sexual behavior, and mental health. It's worth noting that the term "peer group" doesn't have a specific medical definition, but it is widely used in public health and medical research to refer to these types of social groups.

Sociometry is a method used in social science to measure the pattern of interpersonal relationships within a group. Sociometric techniques are thus the tools or methods employed to collect and analyze sociometric data, which typically involve individuals rating or choosing others in the group with whom they would prefer to work or interact. These techniques can be used to study various aspects of group dynamics, social structure, and individual social status within a group. Examples of sociometric techniques include surveys, questionnaires, interviews, and observation.

"Social alienation" is not a term that has a specific medical definition in the same way that a term like "hypertension" or "diabetes" does. However, it is often used in a psychological or sociological context to describe a state of feeling disconnected or isolated from society, including feelings of loneliness, estrangement, and rejection.

In some cases, social alienation may be associated with mental health conditions such as depression, anxiety, or schizophrenia. For example, a person with social anxiety disorder may experience social alienation due to their fear of social interactions and avoidance of social situations. Similarly, a person with schizophrenia may experience social alienation due to the stigma associated with their condition and difficulties with communication and social cues.

However, it's important to note that social alienation can also occur in people without any underlying mental health conditions. Factors such as discrimination, poverty, migration, and social upheaval can all contribute to feelings of social alienation.

Agonistic behavior is a term used in ethology, the study of animal behavior, to describe interactions between individuals that are often competitive or hostile, but stop short of direct physical contact. These behaviors can include threats, displays, and counter-threats, as well as ritualized fighting. The term comes from the Greek word "agon," which means "competition" or "contest."

In a medical context, agonistic behavior might be used to describe competitive or hostile interactions between people, particularly in the context of mental health or psychiatric disorders. For example, a person with a personality disorder might exhibit agonistic behavior towards others as part of their pattern of manipulative or controlling behaviors. However, this is less common than the use of the term in ethology.

"Social identification" is a psychological concept rather than a medical term. It refers to the process by which individuals define themselves in terms of their group membership(s) and the social categories to which they believe they belong. This process involves recognizing and internalizing the values, attitudes, and behaviors associated with those groups, and seeing oneself as a member of that social collective.

In medical and healthcare settings, social identification can play an important role in shaping patients' experiences, perceptions of their health, and interactions with healthcare providers. For example, a patient who identifies strongly with a particular cultural or ethnic group may have unique health beliefs, practices, or needs that are influenced by that group membership. Recognizing and understanding these social identifications can help healthcare professionals provide more culturally sensitive and effective care.

However, it's important to note that 'social identification' itself is not a medical term with a specific diagnosis or clinical definition.

The "Sense of Coherence" (SOC) is a theoretical concept in the field of medical and psychological science, which refers to an individual's global orientation towards their own life and the stimuli they encounter in it. It is not a medical diagnosis or a specific symptom, but rather a measure of an individual's resilience and ability to cope with stressors and adversity.

The SOC is typically measured using a questionnaire developed by Aaron Antonovsky, and it consists of three components: comprehensibility, manageability, and meaningfulness. Comprehensibility refers to the extent to which one perceives their environment and experiences as making cognitive sense, or being predictable and explicable. Manageability refers to the belief that resources are available to meet the demands posed by these experiences. Meaningfulness refers to the motivation to invest energy in dealing with the challenges of life, and the belief that such efforts are worthwhile.

A strong SOC has been associated with better health outcomes, including lower levels of depression and anxiety, better quality of life, and improved coping skills. It is thought to act as a buffer against stress and adversity, helping individuals to maintain their physical and mental well-being in the face of challenging circumstances.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "group structure" is not a commonly used medical term or concept. The term "group structure" may be used in various contexts such as group therapy, support groups, or organizational structures within healthcare settings. However, it does not have a specific medical definition that applies universally.

In the context of group therapy or support groups, "group structure" might refer to the rules, roles, and dynamics that govern how the group functions and interacts. This can include aspects such as:

* Group size
* Frequency and duration of meetings
* Leadership style (e.g., leader-led vs. peer-led)
* Rules for participation and confidentiality
* Roles assumed by individual members
* Communication norms within the group

If you're referring to a different context or need more specific information, please provide additional details so I can give a more accurate response.

Psychosexual development refers to the theory of personality development in which an individual's sexual desires and behaviors are shaped by their experiences and relationships, particularly during childhood and adolescence. This concept was first introduced by Sigmund Freud as part of his psychoanalytic theory. According to Freud, psychosexual development occurs in five stages: oral, anal, phallic, latent, and genital.

During each stage, the individual derives pleasure from a different erogenous zone, and their experiences and relationships during this time can have lasting effects on their sexual desires and behaviors later in life. For example, unresolved conflicts during the phallic stage, which is centered around the genitals, may lead to issues with sexual intimacy and relationships in adulthood.

It's important to note that while Freud's theory of psychosexual development has been influential in the field of psychology, it is not universally accepted and has been criticized for its lack of empirical evidence and cultural bias.

Social behavior disorders are a category of mental health conditions that are characterized by significant and persistent patterns of socially disruptive behavior. These behaviors may include aggression, impulsivity, defiance, and opposition to authority, which can interfere with an individual's ability to function in social, academic, or occupational settings.

Social behavior disorders can manifest in a variety of ways, depending on the age and developmental level of the individual. In children and adolescents, common examples include oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), conduct disorder (CD), and disruptive mood dysregulation disorder (DMDD). Adults with social behavior disorders may exhibit antisocial personality disorder or other related conditions.

It is important to note that social behavior disorders are not the result of poor parenting or a lack of discipline, but rather are thought to be caused by a combination of genetic, environmental, and neurobiological factors. Treatment for social behavior disorders typically involves a combination of behavioral therapy, medication, and social skills training.

Interpersonal relations, in the context of medicine and healthcare, refer to the interactions and relationships between patients and healthcare professionals, as well as among healthcare professionals themselves. These relationships are crucial in the delivery of care and can significantly impact patient outcomes. Positive interpersonal relations can lead to improved communication, increased trust, greater patient satisfaction, and better adherence to treatment plans. On the other hand, negative or strained interpersonal relations can result in poor communication, mistrust, dissatisfaction, and non-adherence.

Healthcare professionals are trained to develop effective interpersonal skills, including active listening, empathy, respect, and cultural sensitivity, to build positive relationships with their patients. Effective interpersonal relations also involve clear and concise communication, setting appropriate boundaries, and managing conflicts in a constructive manner. In addition, positive interpersonal relations among healthcare professionals can promote collaboration, teamwork, and knowledge sharing, leading to improved patient care and safety.

Peer review is a process in which experts in a field assess the quality and validity of scientific research, scholarly articles, or other professional works prior to publication. In the context of medical research, peer review typically involves one or more researchers with similar expertise evaluating a manuscript or study proposal to ensure that it meets established standards for design, methodology, analysis, and interpretation of results. The goal of peer review is to maintain the integrity and credibility of the scientific record by identifying and correcting errors, biases, or other shortcomings in the research before it is published. Peer review is a standard practice in medical publishing and is considered an essential component of the scientific process.

Aggression is defined in medical terms as behavior that is intended to cause harm or damage to another individual or their property. It can take the form of verbal or physical actions and can be a symptom of various mental health disorders, such as intermittent explosive disorder, conduct disorder, antisocial personality disorder, and dementia. Aggression can also be a side effect of certain medications or a result of substance abuse. It is important to note that aggression can have serious consequences, including physical injury, emotional trauma, and legal repercussions. If you or someone you know is experiencing problems with aggression, it is recommended to seek help from a mental health professional.

Adolescent behavior refers to the typical behaviors, attitudes, and emotions exhibited by individuals who are within the developmental stage of adolescence, which generally falls between the ages of 10-24 years old. The World Health Organization (WHO) defines an adolescent as "an individual who is in the process of growing from childhood to adulthood, and whose age ranges from 10 to 19 years." However, it's important to note that the specific age range can vary depending on cultural, societal, and individual factors.

During adolescence, individuals experience significant physical, cognitive, emotional, and social changes that can influence their behavior. Some common behaviors exhibited by adolescents include:

1. Increased independence and autonomy seeking: Adolescents may start to challenge authority figures, question rules, and seek more control over their lives as they develop a stronger sense of self.
2. Peer influence: Adolescents often place greater importance on their relationships with peers and may engage in behaviors that are influenced by their friends, such as experimenting with substances or adopting certain fashion styles.
3. Risk-taking behavior: Adolescents are more likely to engage in risky behaviors, such as reckless driving, substance use, and unsafe sexual practices, due to a combination of factors, including brain development, peer pressure, and the desire for novelty and excitement.
4. Emotional volatility: Hormonal changes and brain development during adolescence can lead to increased emotional intensity and instability, resulting in mood swings, irritability, and impulsivity.
5. Identity exploration: Adolescents are often preoccupied with discovering their own identity, values, beliefs, and goals, which may result in experimentation with different hairstyles, clothing, hobbies, or relationships.
6. Cognitive development: Adolescents develop the ability to think more abstractly, consider multiple perspectives, and engage in complex problem-solving, which can lead to improved decision-making and self-reflection.
7. Formation of long-term relationships: Adolescence is a critical period for establishing close friendships and romantic relationships that can have lasting impacts on an individual's social and emotional development.

It is essential to recognize that adolescent development is a complex and dynamic process, and individual experiences may vary significantly. While some risky behaviors are common during this stage, it is crucial to provide support, guidance, and resources to help adolescents navigate the challenges they face and promote healthy development.

Hospital economics refers to the study and application of economic principles and concepts in the management and operation of hospitals and healthcare organizations. This field examines issues such as cost containment, resource allocation, financial management, reimbursement systems, and strategic planning. The goal of hospital economics is to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of hospital operations while maintaining high-quality patient care. It involves understanding and analyzing various economic factors that affect hospitals, including government regulations, market forces, technological advancements, and societal values. Hospital economists may work in a variety of settings, including hospitals, consulting firms, academic institutions, and government agencies.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Malawi" is not a medical term. It is the name of a country located in southeastern Africa. If you have any questions about medical terminology or health-related topics, I would be happy to help with those!

I believe there may be some confusion in your question. "Schools" is not a medical term. It generally refers to educational institutions where children or adults receive instruction in various subjects. If you are asking about a medical condition that might be associated with the word "school," it's possible you could mean "psychological disorders that first present or become evident during the school-aged period (approximately 5-18 years of age)." These disorders can include, but are not limited to, ADHD, learning disabilities, anxiety disorders, and mood disorders. However, without more context, it's difficult for me to provide a more specific answer.

A "social environment" is not a term that has a specific medical definition, but it is often used in the context of public health and social sciences to refer to the physical and social conditions, relationships, and organized institutions that influence the health and well-being of individuals and communities.

The social environment includes factors such as:

* Social support networks (family, friends, community)
* Cultural norms and values
* Socioeconomic status (income, education, occupation)
* Housing and neighborhood conditions
* Access to resources (food, healthcare, transportation)
* Exposure to discrimination, violence, and other stressors

These factors can have a significant impact on health outcomes, as they can influence behaviors related to health (such as diet, exercise, and substance use), as well as exposure to disease and access to healthcare. Understanding the social environment is essential for developing effective public health interventions and policies that promote health equity and reduce health disparities.

Continuing medical education (CME) refers to the process of ongoing learning and professional development that healthcare professionals engage in throughout their careers. The goal of CME is to enhance knowledge, skills, and performance in order to provide better patient care and improve health outcomes.

CME activities may include a variety of formats such as conferences, seminars, workshops, online courses, journal clubs, and self-study programs. These activities are designed to address specific learning needs and objectives related to clinical practice, research, or healthcare management.

Healthcare professionals are required to complete a certain number of CME credits on a regular basis in order to maintain their licensure, certification, or membership in professional organizations. The content and quality of CME activities are typically overseen by accreditation bodies such as the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) in the United States.

Overall, continuing medical education is an essential component of maintaining competence and staying up-to-date with the latest developments in healthcare.

Peer review in the context of health care is a process used to maintain standards and improve the quality of healthcare practices, research, and publications. It involves the evaluation of work or research conducted by professionals within the same field, who are considered peers. The purpose is to provide an objective assessment of the work, identify any errors or biases, ensure that the methods and conclusions are sound, and offer suggestions for improvement.

In health care, peer review can be applied to various aspects including:

1. Clinical Practice: Healthcare providers regularly review each other's work to maintain quality standards in patient care, diagnoses, treatment plans, and adherence to evidence-based practices.

2. Research: Before research findings are published in medical journals, they undergo a rigorous peer-review process where experts assess the study design, methodology, data analysis, interpretation of results, and conclusions to ensure the validity and reliability of the research.

3. Publications: Medical journals use peer review to evaluate and improve the quality of articles submitted for publication. This helps to maintain the credibility and integrity of the published literature, ensuring that it is accurate, unbiased, and relevant to the field.

4. Education and Training Programs: Peer review is also used in evaluating the content and delivery of medical education programs, continuing professional development courses, and training curricula to ensure they meet established standards and are effective in enhancing the knowledge and skills of healthcare professionals.

5. Healthcare Facilities and Institutions: Accreditation bodies and regulatory authorities use peer review as part of their evaluation processes to assess the quality and safety of healthcare facilities and institutions, identifying areas for improvement and ensuring compliance with regulations and standards.

"Health Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices" (HKAP) is a term used in public health to refer to the knowledge, beliefs, assumptions, and behaviors that individuals possess or engage in that are related to health. Here's a brief definition of each component:

1. Health Knowledge: Refers to the factual information and understanding that individuals have about various health-related topics, such as anatomy, physiology, disease processes, and healthy behaviors.
2. Attitudes: Represent the positive or negative evaluations, feelings, or dispositions that people hold towards certain health issues, practices, or services. These attitudes can influence their willingness to adopt and maintain healthy behaviors.
3. Practices: Encompass the specific actions or habits that individuals engage in related to their health, such as dietary choices, exercise routines, hygiene practices, and use of healthcare services.

HKAP is a multidimensional concept that helps public health professionals understand and address various factors influencing individual and community health outcomes. By assessing and addressing knowledge gaps, negative attitudes, or unhealthy practices, interventions can be designed to promote positive behavior change and improve overall health status.

A questionnaire in the medical context is a standardized, systematic, and structured tool used to gather information from individuals regarding their symptoms, medical history, lifestyle, or other health-related factors. It typically consists of a series of written questions that can be either self-administered or administered by an interviewer. Questionnaires are widely used in various areas of healthcare, including clinical research, epidemiological studies, patient care, and health services evaluation to collect data that can inform diagnosis, treatment planning, and population health management. They provide a consistent and organized method for obtaining information from large groups or individual patients, helping to ensure accurate and comprehensive data collection while minimizing bias and variability in the information gathered.

Peer review in the context of research refers to the evaluation of scientific, academic, or professional work by others working in the same field. The purpose of peer review is to ensure that the research is rigorous, valid, and relevant to the field. In a peer-review process, experts in the relevant field assess the research article, report, or other type of scholarly work for its accuracy, quality, and significance before it is published or presented at a conference.

The peer-review process typically involves several stages:

1. Submission: The author(s) submit their manuscript to a journal, conference, or other publication venue.
2. Assignment: The editor of the publication assigns the manuscript to one or more reviewers who are experts in the field.
3. Review: The reviewers evaluate the manuscript based on criteria such as originality, methodology, data analysis, interpretation of results, and contribution to the field. They provide feedback and recommendations to the editor.
4. Decision: Based on the feedback from the reviewers, the editor makes a decision about whether to accept, reject, or request revisions to the manuscript.
5. Revision: If the manuscript is rejected or requires revisions, the author(s) may have an opportunity to revise and resubmit the manuscript for further consideration.

Peer review is a critical component of the scientific process, as it helps ensure that research is held to high standards of quality and integrity. It also provides a mechanism for identifying and correcting errors or weaknesses in research before it is published or disseminated widely.

Medical Definition:

"Risk factors" are any attribute, characteristic or exposure of an individual that increases the likelihood of developing a disease or injury. They can be divided into modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors. Modifiable risk factors are those that can be changed through lifestyle choices or medical treatment, while non-modifiable risk factors are inherent traits such as age, gender, or genetic predisposition. Examples of modifiable risk factors include smoking, alcohol consumption, physical inactivity, and unhealthy diet, while non-modifiable risk factors include age, sex, and family history. It is important to note that having a risk factor does not guarantee that a person will develop the disease, but rather indicates an increased susceptibility.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Friends" is not a medical term. If you are referring to the term "friends" in the context of social relationships, it generally refers to individuals who share a mutual affection and enjoy spending time together. However, if you have any medical questions or terms you would like defined, I'd be happy to help!

Peer groups' cohesion is determined and maintained by such factors as group communication, group consensus, and group ... Peer groups can consist of all males, all females, or both males and females. Studies show that the majority of peer groups are ... In sociology, a peer group is both a social group and a primary group of people who have similar interests (homophily), age, ... Members inside peer groups also learn to develop relationships with others in the social system. Peers, particularly group ...
... a peer group is a group of functional units in the same layer (see e.g. OSI model) of a network, by analogy with peer group. ... See also peer-to-peer (P2P) networking which is a specific type of networking relying on basically equal end hosts rather than ...
Members of a peer group are more likely to influence a person's beliefs, values, and behavior. A group or individual may be ... Peer pressure is the direct or indirect influence on peers, i.e., members of social groups with similar interests, experiences ... a study done on groups of preschool children showed that they were influenced by groups of their peers to change their opinion ... Peer pressure can, of course, operate on isolated individuals, or small groups, but it depends upon the majority wanting to do ...
... or peeress may refer to: Peer, an equal in age, education or social class; see Peer group Peer, a member of the peerage; ... See Peer group (computer networking) Peer (networking), a computer system connected to others on a network Peer, a computer ... or Peer Günt Finnish rock band Peer, Belgium, a municipality Twelve Peers, in legend, the twelve foremost knights of ... Dutch actor Peer Moberg (born 1971), Norwegian sport sailor Peer Nielsen (born 1942), Danish sprint canoer Peer Qvam (1911-1977 ...
It is part of CityLink's ExchangeNET group of peering exchanges. The Auckland Peering Exchange was established to allow ... The Auckland Peering Exchange (APE) is an Ethernet-based neutral peering point running over the CityLink metropolitan network ... This simplifies peering enormously for most exchange users. APE grew out of discussions on the NZNOG mailing list. The Auckland ... The Auckland Peering Exchange provides two route servers which contain routing details for each of the participants. ...
J.F. Caro is the co-founder and Chief Scientific Officer of one of such groups named Peer for Progress. Peer support has also ... "Home Content". Intentional Peer Support. Retrieved 2015-11-11. Shelley Jones, "The LEAF Program: Peer-led Group CBT", Visions: ... John DeMarco, Peer helping skills: a leader's guide to training peer helpers and peer tutors for middle and high school. ... Trained peer support workers such as peer support specialists and peer counselors receive special training and are required to ...
Some Refinements on Peer Assessment of Group Projects p.5 Li, Lawrence K. Y. Some Refinements on Peer Assessment of Group ... Some Refinements on Peer Assessment of Group Projects p.9 Ryan, Gina J., et al. Peer, professor and self-evaluation of class ... This can be countered by checking student's grades and making sure that they are consistent with where in the group their peers ... Li, Lawrence K. Y. "Some Refinements on Peer Assessment of Group Projects." Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education 26.1 ( ...
... may also be referred to as peer review, writing groups, writing circles, or writing workshop. Peer critique has ... Peer writing groups have existed for a long time. Writing groups evolved over time from social "clubs" and chautauquas to the ... Many informal writing groups still use Elbow's methods for peer critique. Peer critique is said to have two primary goals: 1) ... this method of group learning can be used to help students understand audience reception of their work in a group of peers. In ...
Does she turn you off because she dresses like a tomboy?") The contestant, without knowing how the Peer Group voted, supplied ... If the response agreed with the consensus of the Peer Group, the contestant advanced. Odd Job - The player performed a stunt ( ... Four different activities were possible: Decision - The contestant and a "Peer Group" (a jury composed of about 10-12 teenagers ... Peer Pressure is an American television game show where youths performed stunts and answered questions about moral dilemmas. ...
... most of the research on peer victimization focuses on this age group. They are also more vulnerable to peer rejection because ... and peer victimization was measured using peer nomination. Indeed, they found that peer victimization in middle childhood was ... Schwartz, David; McFadyen-Ketchum, Steven A.; Dodge, Kenneth A.; Pettit, Greg S.; Bates, John E. (March 1998). "Peer group ... Studies examining peer victimization have also been conducted in the context of a body of research interested in peer ...
The level of accuracy potentially becomes more variable as the non peer group dissemination increases. Harnad, Steven. "Peer ... difference between an Interdisciplinary Peer Review and Interdisciplinarity is that the peer group in Interdisciplinary Peer ... In Peer Commentary on Peer Review: A case study in scientific quality control, Stevan R. Harnard (p. 15) begins to touch on the ... Interdisciplinary Peer Review (IPR) is a peer review process with an additional focus outside of the area of the author's ...
It provides peer and family support, information and advocacy. The group is run by volunteers, for people with intersex ... Intersex Peer Support Australia (IPSA), also known as the Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome Support Group Australia, is possibly ... The core activity of the Group is to provide peer and family support, information and advocacy. It produces regular newsletters ... It changed name from the Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome Support Group Australia (AISSGA) to Intersex Peer Support Australia in ...
Reference groups; Subculture; Peer group; Pester power; Time Marketing research refers to research activities designed to ... The consumer: Typically, the consumer refers to the end-user - but this may be an individual or group such as a household, ... or groups' needs and wants. These processes include, but are not limited to, advertising, promotion, distribution, and product ... Strategic Group Analysis; SWOT analysis; Trend Analysis; Value chain analysis Barriers to entry Barriers to exit Market ...
Partners With Peer Group Media To Launch Major Label". Peer Group. Peer Group Media. 28 January 2010. Archived from the ... The brand entered into a partnership with the Peer Group Media company in 2010 to launch the Major Label music initiative. As ... On 1 December 1995 they sold the General Pants stores to the Smorgon Group. The Surf Dive'n Ski stores were later sold to the ... Smorgon / Jetty Surf Group in 2005, and were later sold to Billabong. The international company acquired the retail stores, ...
Peer Media Group. Archived from the original on 18 June 2012. "Get Face to Face with Ricki-Lee". The Hot Hits. MCM ... The rumours were denied by the group's manager David Champion, who stated that she would return for the group's next headlining ... A cover of Hazell Dean's "Searchin'" was released as the group's third single, and reached number 40. In February 2007, it was ... Jessica Mauboy, who became runner-up on the fourth season of Australian Idol, was Coulter's replacement in the group. Coulter ...
Peer Group Media. Retrieved 27 November 2011. "ARIA Charts - Accreditations - 2014 Singles". Australian Recording Industry ...
Peer Group Media. 11 November 2010. Archived from the original on 14 November 2010. Craddock, David (16 July 2011). "Empire of ... Dance-rock musical groups, Electronic music duos, Australian electronic rock musical groups, Electropop groups, Male musical ... Time Out Group Ltd. Archived from the original on 5 January 2016. "Empire of the Sun - Standing on the Shore". Discogs. 14 ... Australian new wave musical groups, Australian synthpop groups, Capitol Records artists, ...
Peer Group Media. Retrieved 2012-07-13. "Issue 854 - Most Added to Radio". The Music Network. Peer Group Media. Retrieved 2012- ...
Peer Group Media. July 19, 2010. Archived from the original on April 21, 2012. Retrieved July 29, 2013. "'Rockstar 101 Remixes ... The song features the British-American guitarist Slash of the rock group Guns N' Roses. It was released on May 18, 2010, as the ... Masterbeat Exclusives , Def Jam". Island Def Jam Music Group. June 2, 2010. Retrieved July 25, 2013. "Rockstar 101: The Remixes ... Articles with MusicBrainz release group identifiers, 2009 songs, 2010 singles, Rihanna songs, Grunge songs, Hip hop songs, ...
"RISE". Peer Group Consulting. Retrieved 2022-01-18. "NSF Convergence Accelerator". NSF. Retrieved 2022-01-18. "UConn TAFS ... Rubin is the co-founder, with Elliot Saltzman, of the IS Group, an informal, collaborative group founded in the 1980s of ... Rubin was the founder, in 1984, and first president of YMUG (later known as YaleMUG, the Yale Macintosh Users Group) and the ... "IS Reading Group". wlu.edu. Retrieved 2022-08-01. "ZeniMax Media Profile-Technical Advisory Board". ZeniMax.com. 2001. Archived ...
Peer Group Media. Archived from the original on 7 August 2010. Retrieved 31 December 2014. "Sony SingStar Party Hits PS2 ... where all singers would perform their solo material and several songs as a group. Together, they released a self-titled album ... Articles with MusicBrainz release group identifiers, Articles with MusicBrainz work identifiers, 2007 singles, 2007 songs, ...
Peer Group Media. 2 May 2011. Retrieved 12 May 2011. "Most Added to Radio - Releases". The Music Network. Peer Group Media. ...
Peer Group Media. 2010-11-04. Retrieved 2010-11-15. McGrath, Hali (10 February 2011). "In Pictures: Robyn in Boston". ... Universal Music Group. Retrieved 2010-11-15. "Robyn Completes Trilogy of 2010 Releases with Body Talk, Scheduled for November ...
... and contact with diverse peers; peer-group influence; increased competition and stress; the influence of off-campus groups and ... Nigeria contains over 250 ethnic groups, but the country is politically dominated by three major ethnic groups - the Hausa- ... Other minority groups followed their lead and also took to the courts. In 2009, the City of Baltimore paid $4.6 million to ... In 2012, the group complained that institutional racism and overt discrimination continued to be issues, and that, in some ...
Peer Group Media. Retrieved March 9, 2012. "Foster the People". SOMA Magazine. Retrieved December 5, 2019. "Tonight @ Dakota ... Alternative dance musical groups, Alternative rock groups from California, Columbia Records artists, Indie pop groups from Los ... By the time the group's final US tour for Torches concluded in Los Angeles in July 2012, the group had played 295 shows in the ... At the end of the year, the group received two Grammy Award nominations: Best Pop Duo/Group Performance for "Pumped Up Kicks" ...
Music Network (April 2010). "Top Ten Review". Peer Group Media. Retrieved 16 April 2010. Nova (March 2010). "Action Battle Team ... Australian alternative rock groups, Australian new wave musical groups, Musical groups from Melbourne). ... The group's success to date from the Out of Control release had created landmark achievements and new opportunity's for the ... March 2013 saw Andrew Carter join the group to finalise the line up as lead vocalist which then saw the addition of guitarist ...
Peer Group Media. 6 August 2013. Retrieved 19 August 2013. "27th ARIA Music Awards 2013 Winners List". Take 40 Australia. MCM ...
Peer Group Media. Archived from the original on 4 February 2013. "Works Search". Australasian Performing Right Association ( ... Articles with MusicBrainz release group identifiers, 2012 albums, Reece Mastin albums, Sony Music Australia albums, Albums ...
Peer Group Media. Archived from the original on August 24, 2010. Retrieved July 21, 2010. "EarOne , Radio Date, le novità ... The group starts to dance in the pool with some of the party goers exploding into dust. The remainder of the friends continue ... Phoenix Media/Communications Group. Retrieved July 9, 2010. Newman, Melinda (January 4, 2010). "Album review: Ke$ha's 'Animal' ... Articles with MusicBrainz release group identifiers, Articles with MusicBrainz work identifiers, Good articles, 2009 songs, ...
Peer Group Media. Archived from the original on 20 September 2011. Retrieved 29 October 2011. The Loudest Engine (CD). Howling ... It was the group's first album released as an LP after the rights were licensed to the vinyl only record label, Music on Vinyl ... Publishing Group Network. Archived from the original on 21 June 2011. Retrieved 21 June 2011. Drive with The Doctor • McDougall ... HMV) (MAMA Group. Archived from the original on 17 October 2011. Retrieved 15 September 2011. Note: Included in September 2011 ...
Peer groups cohesion is determined and maintained by such factors as group communication, group consensus, and group ... Peer groups can consist of all males, all females, or both males and females. Studies show that the majority of peer groups are ... In sociology, a peer group is both a social group and a primary group of people who have similar interests (homophily), age, ... Members inside peer groups also learn to develop relationships with others in the social system. Peers, particularly group ...
... s are free to attend.. Peer Group Chats focus on a specific topic and are guided by peer workers with lived ... Peer Group Chat. An anonymous, guided live chat on a mental health topic, led by peer workers with backup from counsellors. ... Peer Group ChatWeekly online discussions, guided by SANE peer support workers and supported by counsellors. ... Peer Group ChatWeekly online discussions, guided by SANE peer support workers and supported by counsellors. ...
This ADHD Peer Group is for students registered with Access and Inclusion Services. The group brings together students who are ... This Living Well Peer Group is for students registered with Access and Inclusion Services. The group brings together students ... This peer group is for students diagnosed with mental health conditions and registered with Access and Inclusion ... What can you expect? ADHD Peer group sessions are a comfortable, welcoming environment for students registered with Access and ...
In this lab group, the importance of peer relations for child and adolescent development is investigated. ... Peer Relations Lab Group. *Behavioural Science Institute › *Research › *Group pages › *Peer Relations Lab Group ... Peer Relations Lab GroupPeer Relations Lab Group *Research topics *Publications *Philosophy of the Social SciencesPhilosophy of ... Peer Relations Lab Group. Children and adolescents spend a significant amount of time each day in the company of their peers. ...
In the 2014 S&P 1500 Peer Group Report, Equilar found that 68.7% of peer groups in the S&P 1500 consisted of a set size of 11 ... Though most companies had peer group sizes within that range, the number of peers increased with the size of the company. Also ... companies must take great care to create peer groups with clear and logical explanations in terms of peer selection." ... "The peer group itself could be useful as a reality check at the end of a boards process, but using it at the starting point ...
The messages are transmitted peer-to-peer and directly and encryption ensures that no one can sniff them. Nevertheless, the ...
The Youth Peer Support Group meets every Tuesday from 3-4pm EST. This event is in-person. A process group where youth can ... Center Youth: Peer Support Group. June 11, 2024 @ 3:00 pm - 4:00 pm. ... Explore The Centers social support groups to find a unique opportunity to connect with others ... Explore The Centers social support groups to find a unique opportunity to connect with others ...
The Youth Peer Support Group meets every Tuesday from 3-4pm EST. This event is in-person. A process group where youth can ... Center Youth: Peer Support Group. October 24 @ 3:00 pm - 4:00 pm. ... Explore The Centers social support groups to find a unique opportunity to connect with others ... Explore The Centers social support groups to find a unique opportunity to connect with others ...
Canton General Infertility Peer-led Support Group is for women who are struggling with primary and secondary infertility. ... Canton General Infertility Peer-led Support Group is a RESOLVE Peer-Led General Infertility Support Group for women who are ... Join the support groups private Facebook group to stay connected and have access to the support group Google Meeting links. ... Group moderators are volunteers and are not mental health professionals. Attendance is free. ...
... : Helping others meets primary developmental needs Richard Quigley. Successful peer helping or peer group ... Many federal or state funding bureaucracies do not view peer group helping as a reimbursable service to children. Peer group ... Most young people desire and enjoy being a part of a peer group and, in fact, will find or recruit one if a group is not ... One of the basic foundations of operating a positive peer group is to have the leaders in the group model caring and helpful ...
Describes peer support groups and gives suggestions on how to locate a group to help those diagnosed with PTSD or caring for ... What Are Peer Support Groups Like?. Peer support groups are led by someone like you who has been through a trauma. Groups often ... How Can I Find a Peer Support Group?. Here are some ideas to help you find a peer support group that can help you deal with ... What Are the Benefits of Joining a Peer Support Group?. Joining a peer support group can help you to feel better in any number ...
Nashville General Infertility Peer-led Support Group is an informal opportunity for women and men experiencing infertility to ... Pregnancy and Parenting After Infertility Peer-led Support Group. IA: Quad Cities General Infertility Peer-led Support Group → ... Nashville General Infertility Peer-led Support Group is an informal opportunity for women and men experiencing infertility to ... Group moderators are volunteers and are not mental health professionals. Attendance is free. ...
ILTAs SMB Security Peer Group is a collaborative community of security professionals focused on sharing knowledge and best ... As this is a peer group, come prepared to contribute to the conversation. ...
You are in the right place if you just had a "Aha - me too" moment! Welcome to "Global Indians Peer Support Group". ... Force of the ADHD Coaches Organization (ACO) and co-leads the ADDA South Asian Peer Support Group. ... we ask that you attend a group meeting and request access to ADDA Social from your group facilitator. ... Support Groups are open only to ADDA+ Members. If youre not already a member, join here.. Or Click here to login #popuppress- ...
Fall Peer Mental Health Support Group October 9 @ 5:00 PM - 6:00 PM ... The group aims to provide knowledge, information, and community resources for people with disabilities who want to further ... This group also welcomes individuals who are currently in the process of transitioning out of a nursing facility ... Step Ahead is an Access Living group for people with disabilities who previously lived in a nursing facility and are now living ...
Groups kick off twice a year, in either March or September. *Youll meet with your cohort peers for two or three-hour meetings ... Business Peer Groups provide you with confidential forums, educational resources and top-tier networking opportunities. They ... share business best practices and make deep connections within a peer advisory group of fellow Chamber members. ... This group is open to Network + Leads Connection members. What Its About. Calling all business executives, VPs and managers! ...
Join Your Peers from Confinement Facilities Nationwide for a Discussion on COVID-19 Next Steps. Join a quarterly facilitated ... The Confinement Facilities Peer Groups will cover relevant topics, such as the end to the Public Health Emergency, promote the ... 2023-08-22T11:30:00-0400 2023-08-22T12:30:00-0400 Small/Mid-size Jails Peer Group TTA for COVID-19 Detection and Mitigation ... The purpose of the Confinement Facilities Peer Groups is to offer opportunities to discuss the Bureau of Justice Assistance ( ...
Requirements for membership in the Emerging Media Programming Peer GroupThese requirements became effective on January 1, 2023. ... Or a qualified body of work relevant to the peer group that warrants a waiver of the above requirements, or have in the opinion ... Individuals who have received a Primetime, Daytime, or Childrens & Family Emmy Nomination, specific to this peer group, within ... Body of Work designation has all benefits of Active membership with the exception of running for Peer Group Governor. ...
Peer mentoring can be a powerful tool for promoting academic success, personal growth, and social connectedness among students ... Martha Miller, the School of Social and Behavioural Sciences started a Peer Mentoring Support Group for PhD-candidate women ... Peer Mentoring Support Groups for Women Researchers. March 7, 2023 - 2:45 ... "During peer mentoring meetings (whether virtual or face-to-face) each individual has the floor for a set time. The focal ...
Bringing together leading authorities, this volume presents cutting-edge research on the dynamics of peer interactions, their ... impact on multiple aspects of social development, and the causes and consequences of peer difficulties. From friendships and ... The definitive handbook on peer relations has now been significantly revised with 55% new material. ... Handbook of Peer Interactions, Relationships, and Groups Second Edition Edited by William M. Bukowski, Brett Laursen, and ...
admission control, collaborative peer groups, cryptographic techniques, cryptography, groupware, protocols, security. DOI. ...
PEER SUPPORT GROUP. December 1 @ 10:30 am - 11:30 am. ,Recurring Event (See all). An event every 2 weeks that begins at 10:30 ... Topics include: self care, vision boards, how to become a peer specialist, and MUCH MORE. For more info call Angi 443-880-4223 ...
But peer learning is one of the best ways to ensure learning is happening. ... What is Peer Learning?. Peer learning occurs anytime we learn directly through an interaction with a colleague. It can include ... Improved peer support. People need to talk to someone who understands their work situation. Having a peer to share with, ... Benefits of Peer Learning. *Creation of learning goals. When you pair people up as learning partners, you can encourage them to ...
US snacks group McKee Foods buys local peer Prairie City Bakery. McKee Foods, the US snacks group which owns the Little Debbie ... McKee Foods, the US snacks group, has snapped up local peer Prairie City Bakery for an undisclosed sum. ... "It is a long-term bet" - UK meat group Finnebrogue on ongoing investment in plant-based ... cake brand, has snapped up a local peer for an undisclosed sum. ... Italy FMCG groups agree to "anti-inflation" deal with ...
The Ag Peer Group is centered in Northwest Minnesota. It is a small group composed of young individuals with diverse ... from other peer groups and had a lively discussion about what they wanted to get out of their involvement in this Ag Peer Group ... Ag Peer Group: investing in people. September 7, 2017 / by Minnesota Soybean Categories: Minnesota Soybean Research & Promotion ... J Stanley, Ag Peer Group and NDSU graduate student talked about the soybean survey work he was doing for his masters program. ...
... surveyed more than 2,000 prostate cancer patients who took part in support groups hosted by AnCan, a non-profit organization ... Peer-led video support groups helped prostate cancer patients improve their lifestyle, reduce stress, navigate treatment ... Please tell us more about these peer-led video support groups. How many patients does a group usually consist of, and is there ... Herbert Geller, PhD, on Peer-Led Virtual Support Groups for Prostate Cancer Patients. - Study suggested groups foster better ...
Members must engage in open and transparent communication with other peer group members for the collective good of the group. ... Peer advisory group members must be employed by an active ASA member company with a gross annual income of $5 million or more ... Peer groups consist of 12-15 ASA member staffing firm owners with similar annual revenues. ... The groups will be self-directed, and group members will establish the agenda for each meeting ahead of time. An ASA staff ...
Other forms of addictive behaviors appear to disintegrate young people from their peer groups We further propose that, among ... In this study, we examine how addictive behaviors might intervene with youths peer group identification processes and thus ... In contrast, alcohol use was associated with stronger peer group identification and had a positive indirect effect on ... Based on these findings, we suggest that, among alcohol consuming youth, social identification with a desired peer group ...
Washington, DC - A coalition of 20 environmental groups today sent a letter to Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) head ... Christie Whitman asking for a moratorium on "open market" emissions trading programs by states, which the groups said fail to ...
If youre in the Toronto area, please feel free to drop by our LGBTQ drop-in peer support group which occurs on the third ... If youre in the Toronto area, please feel free to drop by our LGBTQ drop-in peer support group which occurs on the third ... LGBTQ Drop-in Peer Support Group « on: July 29, 2014, 03:38:15 pm » ... goo.gl/maps/IPs5n This is a peer facilitated group for those in the LGBTQ community living with a mood disorder. Come talk with ...
  • Companies under $5 million per year are encouraged to participate in monthly networking calls of our Small Business Owners Group, launching in January 2023. (americanstaffing.net)
  • To maintain a safe space for all members, we ask that you attend a group meeting and request access to ADDA Social from your group facilitator. (add.org)
  • Members agree to the time commitment and will rotate the role as facilitator for peer advisory group meetings. (americanstaffing.net)
  • Bruce Wilson, a landscape industry consultant and facilitator for the BTB peer group and others, along with his colleague Pam Stark, spoke with the group about successful cultural traits. (turfmagazine.com)
  • The Transgender Peer Support Group is an open topic group run by a trained facilitator for individuals who identify as transgender, transsexual, cross-dresser, gender variant, gender queer or intersex (18 and older). (loftgaycenter.org)
  • They are led by facilitators who identify as peers with those in attendance. (loftgaycenter.org)
  • Qualitative data, including phone interviews with group facilitators and organizational partners, will evaluate the implementation and guide dissemination. (cdc.gov)
  • In this lab group, the importance of peer relations for child and adolescent development is investigated. (ru.nl)
  • The importance of peer relationships to emotional competence, psychological well-being, and achievement is analyzed, and peer-based interventions for those who are struggling are reviewed. (guilford.com)
  • Founder Rick Davis recognized the importance of peer experience from his own Stage III prostate cancer diagnosis in 2007, together with the value of peer support groups. (medpagetoday.com)
  • RACN is APCA's longest-operating peer group and provides direct support of all kinds to health center leaders in Alaska's rural health centers. (alaskapca.org)
  • April 1995 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Atlanta, Georgia ***************************************************************************** HEALTH EDUCATION AND RISK REDUCTION ACTIVITIES Individual and Group Interventions Health education and risk reduction activities are targeted to reach persons at increased risk of becoming infected with HIV or, if already infected, of transmitting the virus to others. (cdc.gov)
  • 2015). Designing for peer learning : Mathematics, Games and Peer Groups in Leisure-time Centers [Doctoral thesis]. (lu.se)
  • In our weekly Peer Group Chats, you can chat in real-time with others living with complex mental health issues as well as family, friends and carers. (sane.org)
  • This Peer Support Group is for parent carers of disabled children and children with learning difficulties. (lothiancil.org.uk)
  • Faced with intense pressure from both shareholders and proxy advisory firms, companies must take great care to create peer groups with clear and logical explanations in terms of peer selection. (prweb.com)
  • They offer a place for business leaders to leverage market insights, share business best practices and make deep connections within a peer advisory group of fellow Chamber members. (denverchamber.org)
  • Peer advisory group members must be employed by an active ASA member company with a gross annual income of $5 million or more per year. (americanstaffing.net)
  • An ASA staff member will be present and will contribute only if requested by the peer advisory group. (americanstaffing.net)
  • In September of last year, I wrote a post titled Why Peer Advisory Groups Will Be The Next Big Thing , based on a number of different trends and on what I described as the "perfect storm" for peer advisory groups to take off. (billgeorge.org)
  • To be clear, I'm not touting any special powers or taking any credit here at all, but interestingly enough, the conversation about peer advisory groups during January and February 2012 alone has already eclipsed its mention during all of 2011. (billgeorge.org)
  • CEOs who become acquainted with the power of peer advisory groups for themselves want to make it available to more executives in their organizations. (billgeorge.org)
  • HR executives and senior leaders at larger companies who seek to maximize their investments in executive development and create alignment to meet the challenges of the future are taking a closer look at starting peer advisory groups within their own organizations. (billgeorge.org)
  • Today's employees, many of whom are working toward their master degrees, are often doing so as part of cohorts or learning teams - the academic equivalent to the peer advisory group. (billgeorge.org)
  • In addition to the 15 posts on peer advisory I've written since the fall, including an interview with True North Groups author Bill George , please find a Peer Advisory Group anthology of sorts. (billgeorge.org)
  • Peer support groups are not treatment for PTSD but may help you feel connected to others. (va.gov)
  • Learn about the benefits of peer support groups and how you can find one. (va.gov)
  • Peer support groups are a place where you can discuss day-to-day problems with other people who have been through trauma. (va.gov)
  • Support groups have not been shown to reduce PTSD symptoms, but they can help you feel better in other ways. (va.gov)
  • Support groups can also help family members or friends who are caring for someone with PTSD. (va.gov)
  • What Are Peer Support Groups Like? (va.gov)
  • Peer support groups are led by someone like you who has been through a trauma. (va.gov)
  • Peer support groups can help you cope with memories of the trauma or other parts of your life that you are having trouble dealing with as a result of the event. (va.gov)
  • Peer support groups can be an important part of dealing with PTSD, but they are not a substitute for effective treatment for PTSD. (va.gov)
  • Do an online search for "PTSD support groups" or for a group that relates to the specific trauma you experienced, like "disaster support groups. (va.gov)
  • offers a list of support groups across the country for different mental health conditions, including PTSD. (va.gov)
  • You may also find family support groups in a NAMI state or local affiliate online or by calling 1(800)950-NAMI (6264). (va.gov)
  • Call the 24/7 Veteran Combat Call Center 1-877-WAR-VETS (1-877-927-8387) to talk to another combat Veteran, or visit the Vet Center homepage to ask about local support groups. (va.gov)
  • Peer-led video support groups helped prostate cancer patients improve their lifestyle, reduce stress, navigate treatment options, and interact better with their medical teams, according to research presented at the 2022 Genitourinary Cancers Symposium . (medpagetoday.com)
  • Investigators associated with the AnCan Foundation , including board member Herbert Geller, PhD, surveyed more than 2,000 prostate cancer patients who took part in support groups hosted by AnCan, a non-profit organization that provides virtual peer support for patients. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Please tell us more about these peer-led video support groups. (medpagetoday.com)
  • How can oncologists help their patients join one of your support groups? (medpagetoday.com)
  • LOFT Peer Support Groups are open topic drop-in groups. (loftgaycenter.org)
  • Formed Families Together FREE virtual support groups are led by trained peer leaders with personal and professional experience. (adoptionsupport.org)
  • Formed Families Together Peer Support groups provide a safe space for foster, kinship, and adoptive families to share their experiences, concerns, frustrations, and resources! (adoptionsupport.org)
  • Registrants for our monthly Strengthening Your Family webinars and parent support groups featuring a wide array of topics for the adoptive, foster and kinship community. (adoptionsupport.org)
  • He suggested that children's speech to peers is less egocentric than their speech to adults. (wikipedia.org)
  • Between meetings, members of this group may choose to stay in touch through their own reserved "space" in ADDA Social. (add.org)
  • During peer mentoring meetings (whether virtual or face-to-face) each individual has the floor for a set time. (amrita.edu)
  • COMPASS employs peer-led, scripted group meetings that include educational content, activities, goal setting, and structured social support. (cdc.gov)
  • Through the mentorship of Dr. Martha Miller, the School of Social and Behavioural Sciences started a Peer Mentoring Support Group for PhD-candidate women researchers in 2022. (amrita.edu)
  • Results of search for 'su:{Peer group. (who.int)
  • Join the support group's private Facebook group to stay connected and have access to the support group Google Meeting links. (resolve.org)
  • Or a qualified body of work relevant to the peer group that warrants a waiver of the above requirements, or have in the opinion of the Peer Group's Executive Committee achieved unique distinction, earned special merit, or made an outstanding contribution to Emerging Media Programming as it relates to the purview of this committee. (emmys.com)
  • John Munie, Focal Pointe's owner, credits the peer group's networking and learning leading to his company's improvements within only the past year. (turfmagazine.com)
  • Modern research echoes these sentiments, showing that social and emotional gains are indeed provided by peer interaction. (wikipedia.org)
  • Peer learning occurs anytime we learn directly through an interaction with a colleague. (kevineikenberry.com)
  • E. Alexopoulou and R. Driver, Small-group discussion in physics: Peer interaction modes in pairs and fours, J. Res. (per-central.org)
  • APCA's Assisters Peer Network brings professionals together from around the state to share ideas, seek advice, and offer support to peers around topics related to outreach and eligibility. (alaskapca.org)
  • The members of this group are likely to influence the person's beliefs and behaviour. (wikipedia.org)
  • Group members offer attentive listening, support and, if possible, ideas for how the person might move forward. (amrita.edu)
  • These Ag Peer Group members plan to better themselves and their farms/careers by building relationships among this diverse group of individuals through educational events, learning from each other, seeing how agriculture connects each of them together and team building. (mnsoybean.org)
  • Other Ag Peer Group members preparing an educational activity were Ethan Hulst and Ben Generoux, both young Central Crop Consultants. (mnsoybean.org)
  • The IDEA Interest Group is meant to foster candid and respectful conversations on the topic of diversity, equity, and inclusion between ASA members who work in inclusion and diversity initiatives in their workplace, and those who are interested in contributing to conversations to help make sustainable change. (americanstaffing.net)
  • Members must commit to attending 75% of all peer group calls (nine of 12 monthly calls). (americanstaffing.net)
  • Members must engage in open and transparent communication with other peer group members for the collective good of the group. (americanstaffing.net)
  • The groups will be self-directed, and group members will establish the agenda for each meeting ahead of time. (americanstaffing.net)
  • Members of this group will keep what is shared in this group confidential. (adoptionsupport.org)
  • Members of this group will use words and actions to convey mutual respect. (adoptionsupport.org)
  • To be eligible, the peer support, mutual aid or self-help group must take place in a community setting (not NHS or local authority), and should be in some way led by the members of the community it engages. (snvb.org.uk)
  • This group is for pharmacists and pharmacy team members and supports pharmacy and dispensary issues including clinical, operations, and safety. (alaskapca.org)
  • The Alaska Quality Improvement Network (AQuIN) facilitates the AthenaOne EHR users group for members all over the state. (alaskapca.org)
  • The EMAME listserv discussion group is open to EMAME members. (who.int)
  • This component is designed to reach people at a nonpersonal level (as members of various populations, including the general public via the mass media, written materials, speakers bureaus or peer group presentations, educational outreaching using 'street people'/former IV drug users, etc.) with messages that they must then individually process for personal relevance. (cdc.gov)
  • Adolescents tend to spend more time with their peers and have less adult supervision. (wikipedia.org)
  • In his Latency stage, which includes children from 6-12 years old and this is when the adolescents begin to develop relationships among their peers. (wikipedia.org)
  • Children and adolescents spend a significant amount of time each day in the company of their peers. (ru.nl)
  • These findings are described in the article entitled Addictive behaviors and psychological distress among adolescents and emerging adults: A mediating role of peer group identification , recently published in the journal Addictive Behaviors Reports . (databasefootball.com)
  • However, currently more than 23 percent of children globally lack enough connections with their age group, and their cognitive, emotional and social development are delayed than other kids. (wikipedia.org)
  • Developmental psychologists, Lev Vygotsky, Jean Piaget, Erik Erikson, Harry Stack Sullivan, and social learning theorists have all argued that peer relationships provide a unique context for cognitive, social, and emotional development. (wikipedia.org)
  • Together with their peers, children acquire a wide range of skills, attitudes and experiences that influence their cognitive, emotional and social development. (ru.nl)
  • How many patients does a group usually consist of, and is there a typical format or length for the meeting? (medpagetoday.com)
  • Peer groups consist of 12-15 ASA member staffing firm owners with similar annual revenues. (americanstaffing.net)
  • In sociology, a peer group is both a social group and a primary group of people who have similar interests (homophily), age, background, or social status. (wikipedia.org)
  • The group provides a confidential, safe and supportive space for participants to discuss issues with those who may have similar challenges. (amrita.edu)
  • Upon graduation, they will continue to seek similar peer-to-peer opportunities in the workplace in greater numbers. (billgeorge.org)
  • While trying to mix students might be well-intended, it could also be advantageous to bring students into contact with peers who have similar backgrounds and skill levels. (lu.se)
  • Our team investigates a range of different topics within the field of peer relations. (ru.nl)
  • The Confinement Facilities Peer Groups will cover relevant topics, such as the end to the Public Health Emergency , promote the sharing of promising practices and lessons learned, identify issues or challenges with program execution and mitigation strategies, and facilitate networking opportunities. (constantcontact.com)
  • Topics include: self care, vision boards, how to become a peer specialist, and MUCH MORE. (wicomicohealth.org)
  • Additional peer groups may be added to address specific, time-sensitive issues and topics of a more focused nature. (alaskapca.org)
  • We are currently conducting a survey for peer-learning group topics. (lu.se)
  • Social learning theorists such as John B. Watson, B.F. Skinner, and Albert Bandura, all argue for the influences of the social group in learning and development. (wikipedia.org)
  • As part of the process for joining this group, you will be invited to their ADDA Social space. (add.org)
  • Peer mentoring can be a powerful tool for promoting academic success, personal growth, and social connectedness among students. (amrita.edu)
  • The book examines how individual characteristics interact with family, group, and contextual factors across development to shape social behavior. (guilford.com)
  • He recognized that physical groups limited many participating through geography, physical disability, and social/mental health limitations. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Past research suggests the sense of belonging to primary groups functions as an important social resource for young peoples' well-being, but it can be compromised among those dealing with addiction. (databasefootball.com)
  • Social identification refers to a process in which individuals' identity is partly determined by the connectedness to certain social groups. (databasefootball.com)
  • These in-groups , and social support derived from them, also have been shown to have significant outcomes in terms of psychological well-being. (databasefootball.com)
  • Our aim is to provide a supplementary explanation onto how the relationship between addictive behaviors and psychological well-being fluctuates among youth when social identification with a peer group functions as a mediator. (databasefootball.com)
  • Based on these findings, we suggest that, among alcohol consuming youth, social identification with a desired peer group functions as a unitive factor and an important social resource safeguarding psychological well-being. (databasefootball.com)
  • Other forms of addictive behaviors appear to disintegrate young people from their peer groups We further propose that, among young individuals who excessively use drugs, take part in gambling activities and surf the Internet, the need to belong to a primary social group is hindered. (databasefootball.com)
  • Within this study, stronger social identification with peers buffered young people against mental health problems related to alcohol consumption, whereas those youth who use drugs, gamble, and spend time on the Internet, were at a disadvantage. (databasefootball.com)
  • For more details and a complete review of the findings, please request a copy of Equilar's 2014 S&P 1500 Peer Group Report. (prweb.com)
  • Contrary to the above findings, excessive drinking was linked to stronger peer group identification, mediating psychological distress downwards. (databasefootball.com)
  • Group meets virtually and welcomes mothers from all over. (resolve.org)
  • Peer approach in adolescent reproductive health education : some lessons learned. (who.int)
  • At an early age, the peer group becomes an important part of socialization Unlike other agents of socialization, such as family and school, peer groups allow children to escape the direct supervision of adults. (wikipedia.org)
  • Supervisees and supervisors or in a peer group can formulate an agreement that consists of guidelines about the goals for supervision, homework or assignments to progress that can assist towards their goals. (mediate.com)
  • There are many scenarios, lists of questions, quotes and inspirational examples of how to conduct positive supervision for individuals and peer groups in the text for the reader to dip into and use as a handbook. (mediate.com)
  • As a result of positive supervision or peer group supervision practitioners come away with hope, optimism, positive feelings, having gained a sense of satisfaction and confidence in their accomplishments. (mediate.com)
  • It is a small group composed of young individuals with diverse backgrounds: farmers, research and graduate students, crop consultants, extension educators, cooperative/association employees and agriculture business employees. (mnsoybean.org)
  • ADHD Peer group sessions are a comfortable, welcoming environment for students registered with Access and Inclusion Services to connect with others who share their experience, and learn from each other and experts. (mtroyal.ca)
  • This group provides support to South Asian adults with ADHD. (add.org)
  • Peer-learning groups are for people who want to acquire a certain skill on their own and connect with others who do the same. (lu.se)
  • Due to the continuing nature of peer support, regular group attendance is expected. (adoptionsupport.org)
  • Business Peer Groups provide you with confidential forums, educational resources and top-tier networking opportunities. (denverchamber.org)
  • In this study, we examine how addictive behaviors might intervene with youth's peer group identification processes and thus impact their psychological well-being. (databasefootball.com)
  • In contrast, alcohol use was associated with stronger peer group identification and had a positive indirect effect on psychological well-being. (databasefootball.com)
  • Each group will start with a kick-off workshop and receive suggestions for self-learning tools such as online courses. (lu.se)
  • The kick-off for the "Python for Beginners" peer-learning group will take place on zoom on 27 January from 17:30-19:30. (lu.se)
  • Groups often meet in person, but many groups also provide online (Internet) support. (va.gov)
  • The advanced and active surveillance groups meet weekly, and we often get over 40 attendees. (medpagetoday.com)
  • The other groups meet less frequently and, being more specialized, have fewer attendees. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Virtual groups will meet via Zoom on the 1st Sundays of every month from 7:30-9:00pm. (adoptionsupport.org)
  • This peer group will meet via Zoom. (lba.org)
  • The CFO and Credit Peer Groups will meet over lunch at the annual Fusion Forum. (ncbankers.org)
  • Groups who have been unable to meet during the COVID-19 pandemic, which may be due to digital poverty. (snvb.org.uk)
  • It is facilitated by the Peer Support and Learning Team providing a safe space for people to meet, share experiences, and support each other. (lothiancil.org.uk)
  • Join Your Peers from Confinement Facilities Nationwide for a Discussion on COVID-19 Next Steps. (constantcontact.com)
  • The group held their first meeting in March 2017 when they toured the North Dakota State University Greenhouse, heard from other peer groups and had a lively discussion about what they wanted to get out of their involvement in this Ag Peer Group. (mnsoybean.org)
  • There is no fee to attend discussion groups but a $5 donation is suggested, more if you can, less if you can't. (loftgaycenter.org)
  • The following questions can be used as discussion points for peer groups or self-reflection of practice. (bpac.org.nz)
  • Set the tone with peer learning partnerships whose goal is to learn from and with each other. (kevineikenberry.com)
  • If you wish to provide any feedback or have a question you wish to discuss with our team regarding the Peer Group Chat, please email us at This email address is being protected from spambots. (sane.org)
  • The group aims to provide knowledge, information, and community resources for people with disabilities who want to further develop their independence. (accessliving.org)
  • Those new to the group are introduced by asking them to provide their history, current status, and any questions they have for the group. (medpagetoday.com)
  • APCA Peer Groups provide forums for subject and job-specific collaboration, problem-solving and peer support, and online and in-person group learning. (alaskapca.org)
  • A national fund is inviting applications from peer support, mutual aid or self-help groups in England and Wales to enable them to connect remotely, prepare to move their activities to face-to-face, or make their group more sustainable. (snvb.org.uk)
  • The AnCan Support Group model increases patient knowledge, positively impacts treatment planning, and promotes lifestyle improvements while providing support to reduce stress, boosts confidence in navigating the disease, and improves quality of life. (medpagetoday.com)
  • The study investigates whether the experience of having high achievers in one's freshmen group impacts student performance, including dropout, course grades, major choice, and time to graduation. (lu.se)
  • The peer moderators facilitate interactions between all those attending. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Children look to join peer groups who accept them, even if the group is involved in negative activities. (wikipedia.org)
  • Join one of our peer groups! (mtroyal.ca)
  • Remember, if you are suffering from PTSD, is it important that you get treatment for PTSD even if you join a support group. (va.gov)
  • Join our friendly group to share your experiences and hear about others in a non-judgmental space. (jamiuk.org)
  • Clinical providers of all types (medical, dental, behavioral health, and pharmacy) are welcome to join this group that supports clinical practices, patient-centered care, practice management, and integration issues. (alaskapca.org)
  • These guidelines will be reviewed and updated with feedback from group participants. (sane.org)
  • We encourage you to read the guidelines before joining a chat so that you can participate knowing your responsibilities to other group participants and exactly how we create a safe environment for everyone. (sane.org)
  • Please note that our peer group chat is only available for participants within Australia. (sane.org)
  • By utilizing demographically balanced survey data on 1,200 Finnish participants aged 15 to 25 (mean age 21.29, 50% female), we found that excessive drug use, Internet use, and gambling were associated with a weaker identification with a peer group. (databasefootball.com)
  • Partners of transgender group participants are also welcome. (loftgaycenter.org)
  • Participants benefit from cost reduction through group purchasing and grant initiatives. (alaskapca.org)
  • After that, the group can choose meeting times and also add more learning tools as suits the participants. (lu.se)
  • Often, agencies enlist and train peer educators to conduct the outreach activities. (cdc.gov)
  • Also, the objectives are supported by participating in the process of producing scientific knowledge through participating in conferences, peer review processes, publication work and the production of a thesis. (lu.se)
  • In addition to establishing professional standards for skills and training, the CRLA certification recognizes and reinforces the successful work done by tutors and peer educators. (academica.ca)
  • The study finds that exposure to high achievers in a freshmen group, overall, has adverse effects on weaker students' performance. (lu.se)
  • The group must benefit people or communities who live with mental ill-health, trauma and distress. (snvb.org.uk)
  • Due to the COVID-19 outbreak, this group will be meeting virtually. (loftgaycenter.org)
  • Peers are also powerful socialisation agents, contributing well beyond the collective influences of family, school and neighbourhood. (ru.nl)
  • The purpose of this study was to assess whether the factors used in the current CAH financial peer groups are still important influences on CAH financial performance, and whether new hospital, geographic or community factors should be considered for peer groups. (flexmonitoring.org)
  • The values and attitudes of the peer group are essential elements in learning. (wikipedia.org)
  • An anonymous, guided live chat on a mental health topic, led by peer workers with backup from counsellors. (sane.org)
  • Peer Group Chats focus on a specific topic and are guided by peer workers with lived experience of mental health issues. (sane.org)
  • Group moderators are volunteers and are not mental health professionals. (resolve.org)
  • Identifying which stocks are peers of each other is of great importance to financial research and applications because it allows for an apples-to-apples comparison of companies and the potential exploitation of information spillover effects. (robeco.com)
  • Apple, on the other hand, is also part of the FAANG collection of stocks, but it falls within a different industry group or even sector compared to its Silicon Valley counterparts. (robeco.com)
  • Having a peer to share with, receive encouragement from, and more can be extremely valuable. (kevineikenberry.com)
  • On the one hand, high achieving peers could help students' progress as they share their knowledge and skills. (lu.se)
  • Before Solum took groups of three in the helicopter, he talked about being an agriculture spray pilot and all the changes that have taken place in his field. (mnsoybean.org)
  • This group takes place the 1st and 3rd Sundays of every month from 4:00pm to 5:30pm, and the 2nd and 4th Saturdays of every month from 5:30pm to 7:00pm. (loftgaycenter.org)
  • The Online Peer Support Group takes place on Zoom. (lothiancil.org.uk)
  • We find that most companies use industry and size similarity in selecting peer groups," shared Matthew Stinner, Managing Director at Frederic W. Cook & Co. "However, companies are faced with unique issues in regard to peer group selection. (prweb.com)
  • Adding a surgical revenue indicator to the financial peer group factors may improve comparability with regard to measures of outpatient revenue and cost, salaries, and utilization. (flexmonitoring.org)
  • Because it can give you a sense of connection to other people, a peer support group could be a great addition to your treatment. (va.gov)
  • Step Ahead is an Access Living group for people with disabilities who previously lived in a nursing facility and are now living independently in the community. (accessliving.org)
  • The best investment you can make is in people," say Hamnes, who started the You Source of Growth Fund to help fund the Ag Peer Group. (mnsoybean.org)
  • Groups led by and for people from racialised communities/people of colour. (snvb.org.uk)
  • Groups led by and for young people (aged 18-25). (snvb.org.uk)
  • The level of involvement in adult institutions and peer culture describes crowds. (wikipedia.org)
  • So, why is there so much time and resources being put into this Ag Peer Group? (mnsoybean.org)
  • This disorder is marked by chronic conflict with parents, teachers, and peers and can result in damage to property and physical injury to the patient and others. (medscape.com)
  • CDC's interim guidance was informed by individual expert opinion and feedback from large medical organizations and patient advocacy groups, in addition to the most current data. (cdc.gov)
  • The students easily form new friendships and study partnerships within the group. (lu.se)
  • Though most companies had peer group sizes within that range, the number of peers increased with the size of the company. (prweb.com)
  • We also have information on our Helping a Family Member Who Has PTSD ( en Español ) webpage for anyone providing care to a loved one with PTSD. (va.gov)
  • Peer support can be critical to parent and caregiver self-care, can contribute to healthy family functioning, and improved outcomes for children and youth. (adoptionsupport.org)
  • Because first responders can have challenging work schedules and extreme family-work demands, stress caused by relationship problems may also be magnified in this worker group. (cdc.gov)
  • Therefore, we can conclude that the shared analyst coverage approach is an alternative and adaptive way to identify relevant firm peers. (robeco.com)
  • Establishing relevant peer groups enhanced the utility of the CAHFIR by facilitating "apple-to-apple" comparisons. (flexmonitoring.org)