Noise: Any sound which is unwanted or interferes with HEARING other sounds.Noise, Occupational: Noise present in occupational, industrial, and factory situations.Hearing Loss, Noise-Induced: Hearing loss due to exposure to explosive loud noise or chronic exposure to sound level greater than 85 dB. The hearing loss is often in the frequency range 4000-6000 hertz.Signal-To-Noise Ratio: The comparison of the quantity of meaningful data to the irrelevant or incorrect data.Ear Protective Devices: Personal devices for protection of the ears from loud or high intensity noise, water, or cold. These include earmuffs and earplugs.Auditory Threshold: The audibility limit of discriminating sound intensity and pitch.Aircraft: A weight-carrying structure for navigation of the air that is supported either by its own buoyancy or by the dynamic action of the air against its surfaces. (Webster, 1973)Perceptual Masking: The interference of one perceptual stimulus with another causing a decrease or lessening in perceptual effectiveness.Artifacts: Any visible result of a procedure which is caused by the procedure itself and not by the entity being analyzed. Common examples include histological structures introduced by tissue processing, radiographic images of structures that are not naturally present in living tissue, and products of chemical reactions that occur during analysis.Acoustic Stimulation: Use of sound to elicit a response in the nervous system.Sound Spectrography: The graphic registration of the frequency and intensity of sounds, such as speech, infant crying, and animal vocalizations.Stochastic Processes: Processes that incorporate some element of randomness, used particularly to refer to a time series of random variables.Algorithms: A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.Railroads: Permanent roads having a line of rails fixed to ties and laid to gage, usually on a leveled or graded ballasted roadbed and providing a track for freight cars, passenger cars, and other rolling stock. Cars are designed to be drawn by locomotives or sometimes propelled by self-contained motors. (From Webster's 3d) The concept includes the organizational and administrative aspects of railroads as well.Audiometry: The testing of the acuity of the sense of hearing to determine the thresholds of the lowest intensity levels at which an individual can hear a set of tones. The frequencies between 125 and 8000 Hz are used to test air conduction thresholds and the frequencies between 250 and 4000 Hz are used to test bone conduction thresholds.Psychoacoustics: The science pertaining to the interrelationship of psychologic phenomena and the individual's response to the physical properties of sound.Speech Perception: The process whereby an utterance is decoded into a representation in terms of linguistic units (sequences of phonetic segments which combine to form lexical and grammatical morphemes).Auditory Perception: The process whereby auditory stimuli are selected, organized, and interpreted by the organism.Audiometry, Pure-Tone: Measurement of hearing based on the use of pure tones of various frequencies and intensities as auditory stimuli.Hearing: The ability or act of sensing and transducing ACOUSTIC STIMULATION to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. It is also called audition.Signal Detection, Psychological: Psychophysical technique that permits the estimation of the bias of the observer as well as detectability of the signal (i.e., stimulus) in any sensory modality. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed.)Computer Simulation: Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.Sensory Thresholds: The minimum amount of stimulus energy necessary to elicit a sensory response.Loudness Perception: The perceived attribute of a sound which corresponds to the physical attribute of intensity.Motor Vehicles: AUTOMOBILES, trucks, buses, or similar engine-driven conveyances. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Speech Intelligibility: Ability to make speech sounds that are recognizable.Automobiles: A usually four-wheeled automotive vehicle designed for passenger transportation and commonly propelled by an internal-combustion engine using a volatile fuel. (Webster, 1973)Acoustics: The branch of physics that deals with sound and sound waves. In medicine it is often applied in procedures in speech and hearing studies. With regard to the environment, it refers to the characteristics of a room, auditorium, theatre, building, etc. that determines the audibility or fidelity of sounds in it. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Models, Neurological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of the neurological system, processes or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Audiometry, Speech: Measurement of the ability to hear speech under various conditions of intensity and noise interference using sound-field as well as earphones and bone oscillators.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Models, Biological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Normal Distribution: Continuous frequency distribution of infinite range. Its properties are as follows: 1, continuous, symmetrical distribution with both tails extending to infinity; 2, arithmetic mean, mode, and median identical; and 3, shape completely determined by the mean and standard deviation.Tinnitus: A nonspecific symptom of hearing disorder characterized by the sensation of buzzing, ringing, clicking, pulsations, and other noises in the ear. Objective tinnitus refers to noises generated from within the ear or adjacent structures that can be heard by other individuals. The term subjective tinnitus is used when the sound is audible only to the affected individual. Tinnitus may occur as a manifestation of COCHLEAR DISEASES; VESTIBULOCOCHLEAR NERVE DISEASES; INTRACRANIAL HYPERTENSION; CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA; and other conditions.Evoked Potentials, Auditory, Brain Stem: Electrical waves in the CEREBRAL CORTEX generated by BRAIN STEM structures in response to auditory click stimuli. These are found to be abnormal in many patients with CEREBELLOPONTINE ANGLE lesions, MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS, or other DEMYELINATING DISEASES.Speech Reception Threshold Test: A test to determine the lowest sound intensity level at which fifty percent or more of the spondaic test words (words of two syllables having equal stress) are repeated correctly.Models, Statistical: Statistical formulations or analyses which, when applied to data and found to fit the data, are then used to verify the assumptions and parameters used in the analysis. Examples of statistical models are the linear model, binomial model, polynomial model, two-parameter model, etc.Cochlea: The part of the inner ear (LABYRINTH) that is concerned with hearing. It forms the anterior part of the labyrinth, as a snail-like structure that is situated almost horizontally anterior to the VESTIBULAR LABYRINTH.Occupational Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents that occurs as a result of one's occupation.Image Processing, Computer-Assisted: A technique of inputting two-dimensional images into a computer and then enhancing or analyzing the imagery into a form that is more useful to the human observer.Peak Expiratory Flow Rate: Measurement of the maximum rate of airflow attained during a FORCED VITAL CAPACITY determination. Common abbreviations are PEFR and PFR.Psychophysics: The science dealing with the correlation of the physical characteristics of a stimulus, e.g., frequency or intensity, with the response to the stimulus, in order to assess the psychologic factors involved in the relationship.Photic Stimulation: Investigative technique commonly used during ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHY in which a series of bright light flashes or visual patterns are used to elicit brain activity.Sound: A type of non-ionizing radiation in which energy is transmitted through solid, liquid, or gas as compression waves. Sound (acoustic or sonic) radiation with frequencies above the audible range is classified as ultrasonic. Sound radiation below the audible range is classified as infrasonic.Auditory Pathways: NEURAL PATHWAYS and connections within the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM, beginning at the hair cells of the ORGAN OF CORTI, continuing along the eighth cranial nerve, and terminating at the AUDITORY CORTEX.Sound Localization: Ability to determine the specific location of a sound source.Hearing Loss: A general term for the complete or partial loss of the ability to hear from one or both ears.Evoked Potentials, Auditory: The electric response evoked in the CEREBRAL CORTEX by ACOUSTIC STIMULATION or stimulation of the AUDITORY PATHWAYS.Environmental Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals.Speech Acoustics: The acoustic aspects of speech in terms of frequency, intensity, and time.Fourier Analysis: Analysis based on the mathematical function first formulated by Jean-Baptiste-Joseph Fourier in 1807. The function, known as the Fourier transform, describes the sinusoidal pattern of any fluctuating pattern in the physical world in terms of its amplitude and its phase. It has broad applications in biomedicine, e.g., analysis of the x-ray crystallography data pivotal in identifying the double helical nature of DNA and in analysis of other molecules, including viruses, and the modified back-projection algorithm universally used in computerized tomography imaging, etc. (From Segen, The Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)Models, Theoretical: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Cochlear Implants: Electronic hearing devices typically used for patients with normal outer and middle ear function, but defective inner ear function. In the COCHLEA, the hair cells (HAIR CELLS, VESTIBULAR) may be absent or damaged but there are residual nerve fibers. The device electrically stimulates the COCHLEAR NERVE to create sound sensation.Discrimination (Psychology): Differential response to different stimuli.Dyssomnias: A broad category of sleep disorders characterized by either hypersomnolence or insomnia. The three major subcategories include intrinsic (i.e., arising from within the body) (SLEEP DISORDERS, INTRINSIC), extrinsic (secondary to environmental conditions or various pathologic conditions), and disturbances of circadian rhythm. (From Thorpy, Sleep Disorders Medicine, 1994, p187)Music: Sound that expresses emotion through rhythm, melody, and harmony.Action Potentials: Abrupt changes in the membrane potential that sweep along the CELL MEMBRANE of excitable cells in response to excitation stimuli.Sensitivity and Specificity: Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted: Methods developed to aid in the interpretation of ultrasound, radiographic images, etc., for diagnosis of disease.Hearing Aids: Wearable sound-amplifying devices that are intended to compensate for impaired hearing. These generic devices include air-conduction hearing aids and bone-conduction hearing aids. (UMDNS, 1999)Auditory Fatigue: Loss of sensitivity to sounds as a result of auditory stimulation, manifesting as a temporary shift in auditory threshold. The temporary threshold shift, TTS, is expressed in decibels.Equipment Design: Methods of creating machines and devices.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Pitch Perception: A dimension of auditory sensation varying with cycles per second of the sound stimulus.Speech Discrimination Tests: Tests of the ability to hear and understand speech as determined by scoring the number of words in a word list repeated correctly.Reaction Time: The time from the onset of a stimulus until a response is observed.Electricity: The physical effects involving the presence of electric charges at rest and in motion.Otoacoustic Emissions, Spontaneous: Self-generated faint acoustic signals from the inner ear (COCHLEA) without external stimulation. These faint signals can be recorded in the EAR CANAL and are indications of active OUTER AUDITORY HAIR CELLS. Spontaneous otoacoustic emissions are found in all classes of land vertebrates.Pitch Discrimination: The ability to differentiate tones.Hearing Loss, High-Frequency: Hearing loss in frequencies above 1000 hertz.Cochlear Nerve: The cochlear part of the 8th cranial nerve (VESTIBULOCOCHLEAR NERVE). The cochlear nerve fibers originate from neurons of the SPIRAL GANGLION and project peripherally to cochlear hair cells and centrally to the cochlear nuclei (COCHLEAR NUCLEUS) of the BRAIN STEM. They mediate the sense of hearing.Vibration: A continuing periodic change in displacement with respect to a fixed reference. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Industry: Any enterprise centered on the processing, assembly, production, or marketing of a line of products, services, commodities, or merchandise, in a particular field often named after its principal product. Examples include the automobile, fishing, music, publishing, insurance, and textile industries.Environmental Monitoring: The monitoring of the level of toxins, chemical pollutants, microbial contaminants, or other harmful substances in the environment (soil, air, and water), workplace, or in the bodies of people and animals present in that environment.Persons With Hearing Impairments: Persons with any degree of loss of hearing that has an impact on their activities of daily living or that requires special assistance or intervention.Visual Perception: The selecting and organizing of visual stimuli based on the individual's past experience.Ships: Large vessels propelled by power or sail used for transportation on rivers, seas, oceans, or other navigable waters. Boats are smaller vessels propelled by oars, paddles, sail, or power; they may or may not have a deck.Neurons: The basic cellular units of nervous tissue. Each neuron consists of a body, an axon, and dendrites. Their purpose is to receive, conduct, and transmit impulses in the NERVOUS SYSTEM.Correction of Hearing Impairment: Procedures for correcting HEARING DISORDERS.Hearing Tests: Part of an ear examination that measures the ability of sound to reach the brain.Cochlear Implantation: Surgical insertion of an electronic hearing device (COCHLEAR IMPLANTS) with electrodes to the COCHLEAR NERVE in the inner ear to create sound sensation in patients with residual nerve fibers.Equipment Failure Analysis: The evaluation of incidents involving the loss of function of a device. These evaluations are used for a variety of purposes such as to determine the failure rates, the causes of failures, costs of failures, and the reliability and maintainability of devices.Vocalization, Animal: Sounds used in animal communication.Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.Mathematics: The deductive study of shape, quantity, and dependence. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Radiographic Image Enhancement: Improvement in the quality of an x-ray image by use of an intensifying screen, tube, or filter and by optimum exposure techniques. Digital processing methods are often employed.Pattern Recognition, Visual: Mental process to visually perceive a critical number of facts (the pattern), such as characters, shapes, displays, or designs.Cues: Signals for an action; that specific portion of a perceptual field or pattern of stimuli to which a subject has learned to respond.Hearing Loss, Sensorineural: Hearing loss resulting from damage to the COCHLEA and the sensorineural elements which lie internally beyond the oval and round windows. These elements include the AUDITORY NERVE and its connections in the BRAINSTEM.Phonetics: The science or study of speech sounds and their production, transmission, and reception, and their analysis, classification, and transcription. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Irritable Mood: Abnormal or excessive excitability with easily triggered anger, annoyance, or impatience.Membrane Potentials: The voltage differences across a membrane. For cellular membranes they are computed by subtracting the voltage measured outside the membrane from the voltage measured inside the membrane. They result from differences of inside versus outside concentration of potassium, sodium, chloride, and other ions across cells' or ORGANELLES membranes. For excitable cells, the resting membrane potentials range between -30 and -100 millivolts. Physical, chemical, or electrical stimuli can make a membrane potential more negative (hyperpolarization), or less negative (depolarization).Health Facility Environment: Physical surroundings or conditions of a hospital or other health facility and influence of these factors on patients and staff.Photons: Discrete concentrations of energy, apparently massless elementary particles, that move at the speed of light. They are the unit or quantum of electromagnetic radiation. Photons are emitted when electrons move from one energy state to another. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 11th ed)Presbycusis: Gradual bilateral hearing loss associated with aging that is due to progressive degeneration of cochlear structures and central auditory pathways. Hearing loss usually begins with the high frequencies then progresses to sounds of middle and low frequencies.Motion Perception: The real or apparent movement of objects through the visual field.Inferior Colliculi: The posterior pair of the quadrigeminal bodies which contain centers for auditory function.Electrophysiology: The study of the generation and behavior of electrical charges in living organisms particularly the nervous system and the effects of electricity on living organisms.Radiation Dosage: The amount of radiation energy that is deposited in a unit mass of material, such as tissues of plants or animal. In RADIOTHERAPY, radiation dosage is expressed in gray units (Gy). In RADIOLOGIC HEALTH, the dosage is expressed by the product of absorbed dose (Gy) and quality factor (a function of linear energy transfer), and is called radiation dose equivalent in sievert units (Sv).Brain: The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.Chinchilla: A genus of the family Chinchillidae which consists of three species: C. brevicaudata, C. lanigera, and C. villidera. They are used extensively in biomedical research.Speech: Communication through a system of conventional vocal symbols.Hearing Disorders: Conditions that impair the transmission of auditory impulses and information from the level of the ear to the temporal cortices, including the sensorineural pathways.Dichotic Listening Tests: Tests for central hearing disorders based on the competing message technique (binaural separation).Electric Conductivity: The ability of a substrate to allow the passage of ELECTRONS.Kinetics: The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.Imaging, Three-Dimensional: The process of generating three-dimensional images by electronic, photographic, or other methods. For example, three-dimensional images can be generated by assembling multiple tomographic images with the aid of a computer, while photographic 3-D images (HOLOGRAPHY) can be made by exposing film to the interference pattern created when two laser light sources shine on an object.Data Interpretation, Statistical: Application of statistical procedures to analyze specific observed or assumed facts from a particular study.Lighting: The illumination of an environment and the arrangement of lights to achieve an effect or optimal visibility. Its application is in domestic or in public settings and in medical and non-medical environments.Radiographic Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted: Computer systems or networks designed to provide radiographic interpretive information.Linear Models: Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.Occupational Diseases: Diseases caused by factors involved in one's employment.
Peak chart positions for other charted songs in Ireland: "Royals / White Noise": "Irish Charts > 27 February 2014". Irish ... "White Noise" was released as the second single from the album in February 2013, reaching number two on the UK Singles Chart. " ... Peak chart positions for other charted songs in the United Kingdom: "When a Fire Starts to Burn": "CHART: CLUK Update 15.06. ... "You & Me" was released as the third single from the album in April 2013, peaking at number 10 on the UK Singles Chart. "F for ...
... ic noise usually displays two predominant peaks. The weaker is for the larger periods, typically close to 16 s, and ... Earthquake Seismic noise Wind wave The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language (Fourth ed.), Houghton Mifflin ... Also, because the seismic waves are much faster than the water waves, the source of seismic noise is isotropic: the same amount ... Depending on the geological context, the noise recorded by a seismic station on land can be representative of the sea state ...
Lil Wayne singles discography
Peak chart positions for singles in the United Kingdom: All except "A Milli", "Got Money", "Prom Queen", "Hot Revolver" and "On ... Noise Network. Retrieved November 15, 2014. "The Way I Are (Dance with Somebody)": "ARIA Chart Watch #422". auspOp. May 27, ... Peak chart positions for other charted songs in the United Kingdom: All except "See You in My Nightmares": Zywietz, Tobias. " ... Peak chart positions for featured singles in Australia: All except "Love in This Club Part II", "Forever", "Strange Clouds" and ...
The Clique (duo)
Noise Network. Archived from the original on 4 November 2012. Vickery, Colin (2012-10-31). "X Factor down to the final five". ... Peak chart positions for other charted songs: "The Scientist": Ryan, Gavin (14 October 2012). "Psy Tops ARIA Singles Chart For ... Noise Network. Archived from the original on 21 October 2012. "Red": Ryan, Gavin (4 November 2012). "Psy Tops ARIA Singles ... Peak chart positions for singles on the ARIA Charts: For all except noted: "Discography Nathaniel". Australian Charts. Hung ...
Fourcin, A.J. (1965). "The pitch of noise with periodic spectral peaks," Proc. 5th Int. Congr. Acoust., Liège, B42, pp. 1-4. ... Yost, W.A. (1996). "Pitch of iterated rippled noise," J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 100, 511-518. Hartmann, W.M. (1997). Signals, Sound, ... Fay, R.R., Yost, W.A., and Coombs, S. (1983). "Psychophysics and neurophysiology of repetition noise processing in a vertebrate ... 63, 485 Wilson, J.P. (1967). "Psychoacoustics of obstacle detection using ambient or self-generated noise," in Animal Sonar ...
Direct metal mastering
1.8 seconds after a peak in volume. Another improvement is noise reduction. The lacquer mastering method bears a higher risk of ... This gave rise to more upper frequency levels and less surface noise. Additionally, groove pre-echo problems are significantly ... Bypassing the silvering process and two electroforming stages reduces the risk of introducing noise that can be generated in ... adding unwanted random noise to the recording, caused by the enclosure of small dust particles when spraying the silvering on ...
Electron paramagnetic resonance
... the low-frequency peak is positive in first-derivative spectra, the high-frequency peak is negative, and the central peak is ... This results in higher signal to noise ratios. Note field modulation is unique to continuous wave EPR measurements and spectra ... By detecting the peak to peak amplitude the first derivative of the absorption is measured. By using phase sensitive detection ... For a large ensemble of randomly oriented spins, the EPR spectrum consists of three peaks of characteristic shape at ...
Cobra Starship discography
Peaks in the UK: All top 100 peaks: "COBRA STARSHIP , full Official Chart history". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 2016-10- ... Noise Network. Retrieved 11 October 2014. "Cobra Starship - Chart history (Canadian Hot 100)". Billboard. Prometheus Global ... Below top 100 peaks: Zywietz, Tobias. "Chart Log UK: Chris C. - CZR". Zobbel. Retrieved 2011-06-19. "I'm A Hot Mess, Help Me - ... Peak positions on Alternative Albums chart: For ¡Viva la Cobra!: "Alternative Albums" (The Week Of: November 10, 2007). ...
Noise print Dynamic range was limited by the fact that if the signal level coming from the master tape was too high, the ... Peak limit. Dither. To finish mastering a CD, track markers must be inserted, along with International Standard Recording Code ... Applying noise reduction to eliminate clicks, dropouts, hum and hiss. Adjusting stereo width. Adding ambience. Equalize audio ... More tasks, such as editing, pre-gapping, leveling, fading in and out, noise reduction and other signal restoration and ...
Contingent negative variation
After around 50 presentations, these peaks are indistinguishable from noise. On the other hand, when a single click is followed ... 1964) showed that a single click elicits a brief positive peak and a brief negative peak. Repetitive flashes elicit brief ... The negative CNV peak rises around 260-470 ms after the warning stimulus. It will rise quickly if the subject is uncertain ... positive and negative peaks. If these stimuli are separated by 1 sec the same individual patterns result. ...
Part of the advantage is the lower peak to average power ratio needed compared to COFDM. An 8VSB transmitter needs to have a ... peak power capability of 6 db (four times) its average power. 8VSB is also more resistant to impulse noise. Some stations can ... In a 1999 report, the Commission found that 8VSB has better threshold or carrier-to-noise (C/N) performance, has a higher data ... rate capability, requires less transmitter power for equivalent coverage, and is more robust to impulse and phase noise. As a ...
5400-5900 Peak power (MW) ...... 1.3 3.0 Antenna size (m) ........ 3.9 9.2 Antenna gain (dB) ...... 47 52 Receiver noise figure ... and employed uncooled parametric amplifiers with a system noise temperature of 440 K, [a noise figure of 4 dB]. A major ... The Q6, as it was known by those who worked on it, was an amplitude comparison monopulse C-band radar, with a 2.8 MW peak ... Gain Power Noise Bandwidth Range (ft) (dB) (MW) Figure (MHz) capability (dB) (nmi ...
Peak signal-to-noise ratio (PSNR). *Structural similarity (SSIM). *Visual Information Fidelity (VIF) ... Typical noise reduction (NR) software reduces the visibility of noise by smoothing the image, excluding areas near contrast ... Noise is a random variation of image density, visible as grain in film and pixel level variations in digital images. It arises ... It is closely related to noise: high noise implies low dynamic range. ...
Fully differential amplifier
Noise - all real electronic components (except superconductor) generate noise. You can find devices with 0.8 to several ... hundreds nV/sqrt(Hz) noise performance. Saturation - output voltage is limited to a peak value, usually slightly less than the ... In a fully differential amplifier, common-mode noise such as power supply disturbances is rejected; this makes FDAs especially ... "Wideband fully differential amplifier noise improved using active match". 2013-06-09. Rick. "ADC Input Driver FULLY ...
While this method does represent random noise well, it does not always capture all sinusoidal signals. Peak detection - peak ... Also, peak detection does not give a good representation of random noise. Average detection - average detection uses all of the ... The Displayed Average Noise Level (DANL) is just what it says it is-the average noise level displayed on the analyzer. This can ... A normal swept spectrum analyzer would produce max peak, min peak displays for example but a realtime spectrum analyzer is able ...
Peak chart positions in Ireland: All except "Royals/White Noise": "Discography AlunaGeorge". irish-charts.com. Hung Medien. ... Peak chart positions for singles in the United States: "You Know You Like It" (with DJ Snake): "DJ Snake - Chart History: The ... Peak chart positions for singles in Canada: "You Know You Like It" (with DJ Snake): "DJ Snake - Chart history: Billboard ... Peak chart positions for albums in Australia: Body Music: "ARIA Top 100 Albums - Week Commencing 5th August 2013" (PDF). ARIA ...
Sound level meter
C-frequency weighting is however still used in the measurement of the peak value of a noise in some legislation, but B- ... construction noise, mining noise, traffic noise, rail noise, community noise, wind farm noise, industrial noise, etc. ... LCpk: peak sound pressure level. Most national regulations also call for the absolute peak value to be measured to ... Personal noise dosimeter. A common variant of the sound level meter is a noise dosemeter (dosimeter in American English ...
Noise Network. Retrieved 30 August 2014. "Stay with Me": Ryan, Gavin (6 September 2014). "Taylor Swift's Shake It Off Still No ... Peak chart positions for other charted songs on the ARIA Singles Chart: "Chandelier": Ryan, Gavin (30 August 2014). "Taylor ... Noise Network. Retrieved 4 October 2014. "Only Love Can Hurt Like This": Ryan, Gavin (18 October 2014). "Ed Sheeran Thinking ... Noise Network. Retrieved 6 September 2014. "Bang Bang": Ryan, Gavin (13 September 2014). "Taylor Swift Racks Three Weeks on Top ...
Peak chart positions for other charted songs on the ARIA Singles Chart: "Reckless": Ryan, Gavin (30 August 2014). "Taylor ... Noise Network. Retrieved 4 October 2014. "Crying": Ryan, Gavin (11 October 2014). "The Veronicas Spend Third Week On Top Of ... Noise Network. Retrieved 11 October 2014. "Folsom Prison Blues" / "That's All Right (Mama)" and "The Power of Love": Ryan, ... Noise Network. Retrieved 30 August 2014. "Budapest": Ryan, Gavin (13 September 2014). "Taylor Swift Racks Three Weeks on Top of ...
Australian (ARIA) chart peaks: Top 50 peaks: "Discography Anthrax". australian-charts.com. Hung Medien. Archived from the ... Sound of White Noise: "Top 100 Albums". RPM. Walt Grealis. 57 (22). June 12, 1993. Retrieved December 5, 2008. Stomp 442: "Top ... N.B. The HP column displays the highest peak reached. Peak chart positions for albums in Canada: State of Euphoria: "Top 100 ... Peak chart positions for albums in the United Kingdom: All except Stomp 442 and We've Come for You All: "Anthrax - Official ...
List of experimental errors and frauds in physics
Peak is a stereo sample editor - and was BIAS' flagship product. SoundSoap is a noise reduction/audio restoration plug-in and ... Peak DV 3.0 introduced - first pro audio application for Mac OS X 1/02 - Peak and Peak LE 3.0 introduced - run on Mac OS 8.6, 9 ... Peak LE 5 - XT power bundle includes Peak Pro 5, SoundSoap 2, SoundSoap Pro, and Master Perfection Suite plug-ins 6/06 - Peak ... 1/96 - Peak 1.0 debuts at NAMM Show in Anaheim, CA. 11/96 - BIAS Introduces Peak LE - entry level stereo editor 1/97 - SFX ...
In January 2011, he launched a new policy to allow bicycles on off-peak DART trains. He resigned as Minister of State on 23 ... He published bills to address climate change and noise pollution, and heritage protection. ... Cullen, Paul (5 January 2011). "Bicycles to be permitted on Dart and commuter trains in off-peak hours". The Irish Times. " ...
Samantha Jade discography
Noise Network. Archived from the original on 2012-12-16. "iTunes - Music - One Love (Deluxe Version) by David Guetta". iTunes ... Peak chart positions on the ARIA Charts: Top 50 positions: "Discography Samantha Jade". Australian Charts Portal. Hung Medien. ... Noise Network. Archived from the original on 2012-11-25. "I Am Australian": Ryan, Gavin (1 February 2014). "ARIA Singles: ... Noise Network. Archived from the original on 2012-11-18. "Breakeven": Ryan, Gavin (2012-12-16). "Macklemore and Ryan Lewis ...
These light sensitive neurons contain a photopigment, melanopsin, which has an absorption peak of the light ... This system may have less noise relative to sensory transduction schema that increase rate of neural firing in response to ... For example, the S cone's relative response peaks around 420 nm (nanometers, a measure of wavelength). This tells us that an S ... Most work suggests that the peak spectral sensitivity of the receptor is between 460 and 482 nm. Steven Lockley et al. in 2003 ...
West Texas Intermediate
The Wedding Present
... commonly using the ITU-R 468 noise weighting. dBpp. relative to the peak to peak sound pressure.. dBG. G‑ ... relative to the peak to peak sound pressure.. dBpp. relative to the maximum value of the peak power.. dBq. dB(quarterwave) - ... dB(true peak) - peak amplitude of a signal compared with the maximum which a device can handle before clipping occurs. In ... dB(true peak) - peak amplitude of a signal compared with the maximum which a device can handle before clipping occurs.. dBu or ...
Peak Voltage. The peak voltage is set by the breakdown voltage of the insulator. One website gives: ... Outside signals entering the cable can cause unwanted noise and picture ghosting. Excessive noise can overwhelm the signal, ... The calculated peak voltage is often reduced by a safety factor.. Choice of impedance. The best coaxial cable impedances ... Noise. External fields create a voltage across the inductance of the outside of the outer conductor between sender and ...
History of the petroleum industry in Canada (natural gas)
Thurston Moore, den frie encyklopædi
The water jacket around an engine is very effective at deadening mechanical noises, which makes the engine quieter. ... but then decrease after reaching a peak as higher levels of salinity decrease dissolved oxygen levels. ... This type of cooling is a solution to ensure the optimisation of energy efficiency while simultaneously minimising noise and ...
East End of London
Software performance testing
It is always helpful to have a statement of the likely peak number of users that might be expected to use the system at peak ... "noise") in their performance testing environments (PTE) to understand capacity and resource requirements and verify / validate ... For the user interfaces (UIs) involved, how many concurrent users are expected for each (specify peak vs. nominal)? ... What are the time requirements for any/all back-end batch processes (specify peak vs. nominal)? ...
Horses in warfare
Age of the universe
At the same time another team, Robert H. Dicke, Jim Peebles, and David Wilkinson, were attempting to detect low level noise ... This measurement is made by using the location of the first acoustic peak in the microwave background power spectrum to ... The two teams realized that the detected noise was in fact radiation left over from the Big Bang, and that this was strong ... The antenna persistently detected a low, steady, mysterious noise in the microwave region that was evenly spread over the sky, ...
Hard disk drive
Worldwide revenue for disk storage declined 4% per year, from a peak of $38 billion in 2012 to $27 billion in 2016. Production ... Other performance considerations include quality-adjusted price, power consumption, audible noise, and both operating and non- ... The servo feedback optimizes the signal to noise ratio of the GMR sensors by adjusting the voice-coil of the actuated arm. The ... In order to maintain acceptable signal to noise smaller grains are required; smaller grains may self-reverse (electrothermal ...
Noise rock and shoegazing. Main articles: Noise rock and Shoegazing. The most abrasive and discordant outgrowth of punk ... With the release of the Jacuzzi Boys' second LP Glazin' in 2011, The Orwells' Remember When in 2012, and Twin Peak's Sunken in ... "Noise Rock", Allmusic, archived from the original on April 30, 2011. . *^ R. Weinstein (April 23, 2001), "An Interview with ... A. Earles, Husker Du: The Story of the Noise-Pop Pioneers Who Launched Modern Rock (Voyageur Press, 2010), ISBN 0-7603-3504-4, ...
Peak chart positions US.  US Rock.  US Hard Rock.  US Indie.  US Vinyl.  AUS.  AUT.  BEL.  GER ... Suicide Silence make some noise with The Reaper[permanent dead link] The Insider - Interview with Mark Heylmun. ... a b c d e f Peak chart position for albums in Europe and Australia: *The Black Crown: "Suicide Silence - The Black Crown". ... Suicide Silence Australian peak: "ARIA Chart Watch #410". auspOp. March 4, 2017. Retrieved August 23, 2018.. ...
The Motorola CDLP proprietary CyberSURFR is an example of a device that was built to the CDLP standard, capable of a peak 10 ... In real-world systems, higher-order signal components become indistinguishable from background noise.) In the market 10BROAD36 ... Later they also introduced a return path multiplexer to overcome noise problems when combining return path signals from ...
List of Twin Peaks characters
... although he only occasionally raises the volume of the hearing aids as loud noises hurt his ears. After Cooper's doppelgänger ... Twin Peaks Sheriff's Department. Harry Truman. Harry S. Truman (played by Michael Ontkean) is Twin Peaks' sheriff, ... The following is a list of characters from the television series Twin Peaks, the film Twin Peaks: Fire Walk with Me, and the ... YouTube - Twin Peaks - "Damn Boxes!!!" *^ "Dr. Jacoby from "Twin Peaks" is based on Terence McKenna, the American psychedelic ...
This disorder reaches peak prevalence when people are in their 20's. Between 20 and 26% of adolescents report a sleep onset ... Exploding head syndrome - Waking up in the night hearing loud noises.. *Sleep terror (or Pavor nocturnus)- Characterized by a ... The peak ages of sleep walking are from 8 to 12 years old. A different systematic review offers a high range of prevalence ...
Non-invasive intracranial pressure measurement methods
At the pressure balance point, where pressure in the cuff equals systolic artery pressure, a 'whooshing' noise can be heard as ... Besides the mean velocity, pulsatility index (which is the difference between peak systolic and end diastolic velocity, divided ... Two approaches are commonly utilized that increase the unfavorable signal-to-noise ratio and facilitate extraction of the OAE ... negative peak pressure on audiogram) is suggestive of high, and outward of normal or low ICP. The direction and magnitude of ...
Attack time is the time taken for initial run-up of level from nil to peak, beginning when the key is first pressed. ... Electronic music albums by Beaver and Krause, Tonto's Expanding Head Band, The United States of America, and White Noise ... FM synthesis is especially valuable for metallic or clangorous noises such as bells, cymbals, or other percussion. ... spectral peaks that are also referred to as formants). Some harmonics may have higher amplitudes than others. The specific set ...
Unlike fluorescence or emission spectra that have characteristic spectral peaks, Cherenkov radiation is continuous. Around the ... Blue noise. *Bremsstrahlung, radiation produced when charged particles are decelerated by other charged particles ... the sensitivity of the human eye peaks at green, and is very low in the violet portion of the spectrum. ...
The Judd School
O-level/GCSE results have similarly improved, reaching a peak of 88 percent pass rate in 1978. League tables published by ... traffic noise, awkward arrangement and low pitch of the classrooms and the distance of the school from its playing fields made ... peaking at 95 percent in 1984 before decreasing slightly to 92 percent in 1987. ...
NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search - 20045234 - Comparison of impulse peak insertion loss measured with gunshot and shock tube...
Army Aeromedical Research Laboratory conducted a series of Impulse peak insertion loss (IPIL) tests of the acoustic test ... The spectra from the noise sources vary considerably with the rifle having peak energy at about 1000 Hz. The shock tubes had ... Comparison of impulse peak insertion loss measured with gunshot and shock tube noise sources.. ... Laboratory-testing; Impulse-noise; Acoustical-materials; Acoustical-measurements; Acoustics; Shock-waves; Sound; Sound- ...
Peak signal-to-noise ratio - Wikipedia
Peak signal-to-noise ratio, often abbreviated PSNR, is an engineering term for the ratio between the maximum possible power of ... In the absence of noise, the two images I and K are identical, and thus the MSE is zero. In this case the PSNR is infinite (or ... PSNR is most easily defined via the mean squared error (MSE). Given a noise-free m×n monochrome image I and its noisy ... Data compression ratio Perceptual Evaluation of Video Quality (PEVQ) Signal-to-noise ratio Structural similarity (SSIM) index ...
Monitor Calibration: Pink Noise, RMS vs Peak Real World Findings - Digido.com
If you set the meter to peak, you get a PEAK RMS meter, only NOW it corresponds to the AES standard, matching Foos Peak RMS ... Monitor Calibration: Pink Noise, RMS vs Peak Real World Findings. Robert Katz. March 30, 2017. Leave a Comment ... Only problem was - as I later figured out - pink at -20dB FS is a based on peak, not RMS… so the resulting pink noise is very ... I wonder how many people out there are calibrating to any old pink noise?? If the main purpose of pink noise is for calibration ...
No-reference peak signal to noise ratio estimation based on generalized Gaussian modeling of transform coefficient...
Insights | Morgan Stanley Investment Management
Awaiting Peak Trade Noise 15-Aug-2018 The Global Fixed Income team discusses that there comes a time when valuations get ... A Dashboard Approach: Cutting Through the Noise of Confusing Macro Data 01-Jul-2018 ... 41 million growth equity investment led by One Peak Partners, with participation from co-investors Morgan Stanley Expansion ... 80 million Series E funding round led by Morgan Stanley Expansion Capital and One Peak Partners. ...
Insights | Morgan Stanley Investment Management
Awaiting Peak Trade Noise 15-Aug-2018 The Global Fixed Income team discusses that there comes a time when valuations get ... Compounding Through the Noise 16-Apr-2018 The International Equity Team welcomes the return of market volatility and suggests ... A Dashboard Approach: Cutting Through the Noise of Confusing Macro Data 01-Jul-2018 ... 41 million growth equity investment led by One Peak Partners, with participation from co-investors Morgan Stanley Expansion ...
Peak TV: Summer Viewing Spikes as Broadcast, Cable, SVOD Battle for Attention - Variety
Empirical prediction of peak pressure levels in anthropogenic impulsive noise. Part I: Airgun arrays signals
... dc.contributor. ... Empirical prediction of peak pressure levels in anthropogenic impulsive noise. Part I: Airgun arrays signals. Journal of the ... Empirical prediction of peak pressure levels in anthropogenic impulsive noise. Part I: Airgun arrays signals. ... This paper presents an empirical linear equation to predict peak pressure level of anthropogenic impulsive signals based on its ...
Musical Experience Limits the Degradative Effects of Background Noise on the Neural Processing of Sound | Journal of...
The transition peak was the most reliable peak in the transition response for both the quiet and noise condition and was ... Two commonly used clinical tests for speech-in-noise were administered: Hearing in Noise Test (HINT) and Quick Speech-in-Noise ... had nonobservable onset peaks in the noise condition. Statistical analyses for onset peak latency and amplitude only included ... There was a significant main effect for background (F(1,26) = 307.841, p , 0.0005), with noise resulting in delayed onset peaks ...
PowerColor Red Devil RX Vega 64 8GB HBM2 Review: Cooling & Noise
Fan RPM & Noise Measurements. Fan RPM, Open Test Bench, Maximum. 1861 RPM (Peak). ... Noise (Air) Idle. 32.2 dB(A). Noise Characteristics / Subjective Impressions. Low-frequency bearing noisesSome motor noises ... Noise (Air) Range. 32.2 (Minimum) to 51.4 dB(A). Noise (Air) Average. 34.2 dB(A) (Warmed up, Open bench table)38.3 dB(A) ( ... Fan Curves & Noise. Despite PowerColors claims to the contrary, our measurements show that there is no semi-passive fan mode. ...
Analysis of Subway Interior Noise at Peak Commuter Time | Journal of Audiology & Otology;: 61-65, 2017. | WPRIM
The purpose of the current study was to measure and analyze levels of subway interior noise at peak commuter times and to ... 3) There was no remarkable difference in the level of subway interior noise between morning and evening peak commuter times. ... 1) In the LZeq analysis, the average noise level of all 15 lines was 72.78 dB; the maximum and minimum noise levels were 78.34 ... We concluded that the level of subway interior noise was not loud enough for commuters to incur noise-induced hearing loss. ...
Computational Methods for Mass Spectrometry Proteomics | Bioinformatics & Computational Biology | Life Sciences | Subjects |...
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B&H Photo-Video is offering the [Apple Pro Display XDR 32-inch Retina 6K 6016x3384 1600 Peak Nit Monitor](https://www. ... Apple AirPods Pro w/ Noise Cancellation & Wireless Charging Case $219.99 $249.00. $219.99 + free shipping ... B&H Photo-Video is offering the Apple Pro Display XDR 32-inch Retina 6K 6016x3384 1600 Peak Nit Monitor starting from $4999 ... Apple Pro Display XDR 32-inch Retina 6K 6016x3384 1600 Peak Nit Monitor from $4999 ...
Image encryption based on modified Henon map using hybrid chaotic shift transform | SpringerLink
Broadcom Announces New Generation of 5A Gate Drive Optocouplers with Unmatched Noise Immunity for Motor Drives and Power...
Patent US7222059 - Electrophoretic trace simulator - Google Patents
... peak shape as a function of base number; (3) peak skew; (4) spacing between peaks; (5) background; (6) noise; (7) spectral ... changes in peak intensity as a function of base number; (2) ... peak shape, peak spacing, dependence of peak intensity on base ... peak shape as a function of base number; (3) peak skew; (4) spacing between peaks; (5) background; (6) noise; (7) spectral ... peak shape as a function of base number; (3) peak skew; (4) spacing between peaks; (5) background; (6) noise; (7) spectral ...
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RIDGID 16 Gal. 6.5-Peak HP NXT Wet/Dry Shop Vacuum, Filter, Hose, Accessories, OSHA and HEPA Filtration Kit-HD1800A - The Home...
NXT vac was built with RIDGIDs most powerful 6.5 peak horsepower motor. This 16 Gal. vac was engineered for the Pros with ... Noise muffler accessory decreases operation noise. *Select RIDGID 12 Gal. to 16 Gal. wet dry vacs include: WD1270/WD12700, ... 6.5-Peak HP NXT Wet/Dry Shop Vacuum, Filter, Hose, Accessories, OSHA and HEPA Filtration Kit. 16 Gal. 6.5-Peak HP Stainless ... Noise muffler accessory decreases operation noise. *Select RIDGID 12 Gal. to 16 Gal. wet dry vacs include: WD1270/WD12700, ...
Data Mining for Genomics and Proteomics: Analysis of Gene and Protein Expression Data | Database & Data Warehousing...
The 10 Best Design Hotels in Chesterfield, UK | Booking.com
Auto PeakTrace RP User Manual
late peak signal at noise level. Trace file has a very low signal-to-noise ratio (below 4) before base 700 for 36cm capillary ... signal start peak. Sets the location of the first peak used for basecalling. If first is selected the original peak location ... mixed peak threshold. The threshold for secondary peaks found under the primary peak to be basecalled as mixed (degenerate) ... If the peak signal reaches close to the level of the detector noise then there is no real signal that can be basecalled.. ...
Huntingtin-associated protein 1 regulates inhibitory synaptic transmission by modulating γ-aminobutyric acid type A receptor...
For peak-scaled nonstationary noise analysis at least 50 scaled average events were selected from suitable control (GFP- ... peak/(i N p)], where I peak is the average (nonscaled) peak mIPSC and I and N p are as defined. Statistical analysis was ... Electrophysiology and Peak-Scaled Nonstationary Noise Analysis. Miniature inhibitory postsynaptic currents (mIPSCs) were ... To further understand the mechanism underlying the enhancement of mIPSC amplitudes by HA-HAP1a, peak-scaled nonstationary noise ...
Emergence of noise-induced oscillations in the central circadian pacemaker. - PubMed - NCBI
... of successive inter-peak intervals. The Bmal1 −/− SCN explants show a significantly shorter average inter-peak interval and a ... Emergence of noise-induced oscillations in the central circadian pacemaker.. Ko CH1, Yamada YR, Welsh DK, Buhr ED, Liu AC, ... B) Average inter-peak intervals of PER2::LUC rhythms (±SEM) of WT (left; before = 24.86±0.19 h, SP600125 = 32.65±0.43 h) and ... Histograms represent 433 inter-peak intervals from 23 WT SCN explants and 1,239 intervals from 19 Bmal1 −/− SCN explants. rs ...
Patent US6788965 - Intelligent system for detecting errors and determining failure modes in ... - Google Patents
These include the following: instrument noise (at each wavelength and overall), peak signal level and x-axis variation. Given, ... where w1450 is the peak absorbance near 1450 nm and w1950 is the peak absorbance near 1950 as specified in FIG. 16 and wλ′ ... Instrument noise, signal-to-noise ratios, signal strength, and operating temperatures are measured and compared to preset ... Second, w1950 is compared to the peak absorbance near 1950 nm of the tissue template set absorbance spectrum, w′1950 through f ...
Theora More of a Patent Threat than H264? Wait, What? - OSnews
Feedback: Digital Photography Review
NPC Library: Noise Control Terms Made Somewhat Easier
This dictionary of terms on noise and noise control is useful for those investigating how to reduce noise pollution. ... IMPULSIVE NOISE, a) Either a single sound pressure peak (with either a rise time less than 200 milliseconds or total duration ... AMBIENT NOISE. The total of all noise in the environment, other than the noise from the source of interest. This term is used ... NOISE CONTROL TERMS MADE SOMEWHAT EASIER By David Kelso and Al Perez. This dictionary of terms related to noise and noise ...
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ExcessiveSignalCanalGaussianRatioUnusually loud noiseSignalsAdditiveSpectra1600High sensitivityAnalyzeResonanceStandard deviationCommonlyLoudSensitivityBehavioralExceedsCrucialContinuousHearingStochasticExposureElectricalPhantomImpulsiveExposures2018BasesAbsencePink noiseVoltageCharacteristicsPredictionBackground noiseFrequencyPollutionIntervalsFrequenciesThresholdOscillationsInterferenceSoundLevelRobustTimeApproachesFocusPeriods
- This phase 2a study will assess the exploratory efficacy, as well as the local and systemic safety of single and repeat intratympanic doses of FX-322 compared to placebo in approximately 96 subjects with stable mild to moderately severe sensorineural hearing loss, with a medical history consistent with either excessive noise exposure or idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- I N0 =intensity maximum of this peak, σ N =width of peak (Gaussian standard deviation), and t N =center of the peak. (google.com.au)
- Present single microphone noisy speech enhancement algorithms have been efficiently used for additive noise but inefficient for convolutive noise because only additive noise can be easily modeled as an independent Gaussian noise [ 1 - 4 ]. (hindawi.com)
- This shows iSignal displaying a computer-generated 4000-point signal consisting of pure random noise, smoothed with a 19-point Gaussian smooth. (umd.edu)
- The upper window shows a tiny slice of this signal that looks like a Gaussian peak with a calculated SNR over 1000. (umd.edu)
- Gaussian noise sources exhibit random noise fluctuations over a large range of spatial frequencies. (google.com)
- Although the Sigma filter was designed to work with Gaussian noise sources, the Sigma filter generally only removes the highest spatial frequency components of noise and thus has difficulty removing the low spatial frequency components of noise. (google.com)
- background-noise ratio to be at least 5/0.9 = 5.5. (umd.edu)
- It can be expressed as a percentage indicating the ratio of exposure received to the noise exposure received in an eight-hour exposure to constant noise at 90 dBA. (wa.gov)
- Part of the advantage is the lower peak to average power ratio needed compared to COFDM. (wikipedia.org)
Unusually loud noise1
- This paper presents an empirical linear equation to predict peak pressure level of anthropogenic impulsive signals based on its correlation with the sound exposure level. (edu.au)
- Part I presents the analysis for airgun arrays signals, and Part II considers the application of the empirical equation to offshore impact piling noise. (edu.au)
- noise or unwanted signals) 2. (scribd.com)
- Biomedical signals contain features that represent physiological events, and each of these events has peaks. (mdpi.com)
- It is well-known that additive noise affects the stability of non-linear systems. (frontiersin.org)
- Using a network composed of two interacting populations, detailed stochastic and non-linear analysis demonstrates that increasing the intensity of iid additive noise induces a phase transition from a spectrally broad-band state to a phase-coherent oscillatory state. (frontiersin.org)
- Stochastic transitions and coherence resonance-like behavior were also found to occur for non-iid additive noise induced by increased heterogeneity, corresponding analytical results complement the analysis. (frontiersin.org)
- Finally, the results are applied to burst suppression-like patterns observed in electroencephalographic data under anesthesia, providing strong evidence that these patterns reflect jumps between random and phase-coherent neural states induced by varying external additive noise levels. (frontiersin.org)
- In contrast to multiplicative noise, which reflect parametric fluctuations that are known to transform the stability of numerous systems [ 7 , 8 ], additive noise describes fluctuations originating from unknown sources or external fluctuations from outside of the system. (frontiersin.org)
- Previous studies of large-scale systems have provided multiple examples of additive noise-induced phase transitions [ 9 - 12 ]. (frontiersin.org)
- To extend these results and explore how strong additive noise impacts a more realistic network and its oscillatory properties, the present work considers a generic non-linear activation-inhibition network model built of excitable systems. (frontiersin.org)
- In contrast to previous studies, here the isolated excitable populations do not oscillate on their own, and oscillatory behavior results from collective interactions tuned by additive noise. (frontiersin.org)
- In this paper, we adopted the methods of state-of-the-art voice conversions and speaker adaptation in speech recognition to the proposed speech recovery approach applied in different kinds of noisy environment, especially in adverse environments with joint compensation of additive and convolutive noises. (hindawi.com)
- Quality and intelligibility of speech are degraded by different distortion sources such as background noises, commonly assumed as additive noises, channel noise, commonly assumed as convolutive noises, and distortion caused by speech disorders. (hindawi.com)
- Moreover, quality and intelligibility of speech are greatly degraded in adverse environments with joint compensation of additive and convolutive noises, but there is still a lack of efficient methods to solve this problem. (hindawi.com)
- Therefore, developing a method for speech recovery in both additive and convolutive noises environments, especially in joint compensation of additive and convolutive noises, when only one microphone source is provided, is a critical and interesting research topic. (hindawi.com)
- This approach is adapted from the concept of voice conversion that can be applied for both additive and convolutive noises using only single microphone. (hindawi.com)
- The algorithm aligns a target spectrum to the reference spectrum in a top-down fashion by building a hierarchical cluster tree from peak lists of reference and target spectra and then dividing the spectra into smaller segments based on the most distant clusters of the tree. (biomedcentral.com)
- A crucial and often depreciated aspect in this process is peak alignment, which aims to compensate for small variations in the position of corresponding peaks between spectra. (biomedcentral.com)
- Thorlabs' photodetectors are designed to meet a range of requirements, with offerings that include the 380 MHz PDA015A fixed-gain detector with an impulse response of 1 ns, the high-sensitivity PDF10A2 detector with a minimum noise equivalent power (NEP) of 3.0 fW/Hz 1/2 , and the switchable-gain PDA100A2 device with eight switchable maximum gain (bandwidth) combinations from 1.51 kV/A (11 MHz) to 4.75 MV/A (3 kHz). (thorlabs.com)
- The purpose of the current study was to measure and analyze levels of subway interior noise at peak commuter times and to provide information about commuters' daily dose of noise exposure. (bvsalud.org)
- Namely, we analyze strategies based on addition of correlated noise and on quantum non-demolition interaction. (slideshare.net)
- Many researchers have difficulty detecting these peaks to investigate, interpret and analyze their corresponding events. (mdpi.com)
- We concluded that the level of subway interior noise was not loud enough for commuters to incur noise-induced hearing loss . (bvsalud.org)
- Between 28-32% of the Australian workforce is likely to work in an environment where they are exposed to loud noise at work. (safeworkaustralia.gov.au)
- Hearing damage can occur from extended exposure to noise or exposure to very loud impact or explosive sounds. (safeworkaustralia.gov.au)
- Long term exposure to loud noise is the most common preventable cause of hearing loss. (safeworkaustralia.gov.au)
- No funnel was observed, but several witnesses heard an unusually loud roaring noise. (weather.gov)
- Neural measures were associated with better behavioral performance on the Hearing in Noise Test (HINT) for which musicians outperformed the nonmusician controls. (jneurosci.org)
- We recently published a paper titled Human behavioral complexity peaks at age 25 in PLOS Computational Biology . (reddit.com)
- Provide audiometric testing to a worker who is frequently required to use personal hearing protectors to protect them from hearing loss associated with noise that exceeds the exposure standard. (safeworkaustralia.gov.au)
- Make sure employees use hearing protection when their noise exposure equals or exceeds 85 dBA TWA8. (wa.gov)
- Although mass transit systems are convenient and efficient for urban people, little attention has been paid to the potential hearing hazard from their noise . (bvsalud.org)
- Damage to the hearing mechanism caused by a sudden burst of intense noise, or by a blast. (nonoise.org)
- Age-related and noise-induced hearing losses in humans are multifactorial, with contributions from, and potential interactions among, numerous variables that can shape final outcome. (jneurosci.org)
- Hearing losses that accumulate with chronic exposure to high-level sound [noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL)] and those we attribute to age [age-related hearing loss (AHL) or presbycusis] are major health problems. (jneurosci.org)
- 2000) observed that, in ears with presumed cochlear damage from previous noise exposure, subsequent hearing loss progression with age was exacerbated at frequencies outside the original NIHL. (jneurosci.org)
- Hearing losses in noise-exposed and/or aging ears are highly variable ( Gates and Mills, 2005 ). (jneurosci.org)
- Our results suggest that previous noise exposure has significant, deleterious effects on the nature and progression of an age-related hearing loss. (jneurosci.org)
- Work-related noise-induced hearing loss is a preventable but irreversible condition that affects many Australian workers. (safeworkaustralia.gov.au)
- Too much noise at work can lead to temporary or permanent hearing loss or tinnitus-ringing in the ears. (safeworkaustralia.gov.au)
- Any exposure above this peak can create almost instant damage to hearing. (safeworkaustralia.gov.au)
- Noise-induced hearing loss occurs because excessive noise damages those delicate hair cells. (safeworkaustralia.gov.au)
- Noise-induced hearing loss can't be cured and it worsens as noise exposure continues. (safeworkaustralia.gov.au)
- Hearing loss is more likely to occur if a worker is exposed to both noise and ototoxic substances than to just one alone. (safeworkaustralia.gov.au)
- I have sensitive hearing, but I had resigned myself to noise since I thought there was no alternative. (silentpcreview.com)
- Make sure exposed employees receive training about noise and hearing protection. (wa.gov)
- Experimental analysis and mathematical modeling argue that both intercellular coupling and molecular noise are required for the stochastic rhythms, providing a novel biological example of noise-induced oscillations. (nih.gov)
- Neuronal activity at the microscopic level has a stochastic character, with atomic collisions and agitation, that may be termed "noise. (wikipedia.org)
- Another theory suggests that stochastic noise in a non-linear network shows a positive relationship between the interconnectivity and noise-like activity. (wikipedia.org)
- For instance, channel noise has been shown to induce oscillations in the stochastic Hodgkin-Huxley model. (wikipedia.org)
- The stochastic, or random, movements give rise to receptor noise produced by the constant bombardment of ions, as described by Brownian motion. (wikipedia.org)
- The equation can be applied to values of the sound exposure level predicted with a numerical model, which provides a significant improvement in the prediction of the peak pressure level. (edu.au)
- however, delayed neuropathy was observed in all noise-exposed animals held 96 weeks after exposure, even those that showed no NIHL 2 weeks after exposure. (jneurosci.org)
- Data suggest that pathologic but sublethal changes initiated by early noise exposure render the inner ears significantly more vulnerable to aging. (jneurosci.org)
- given the high prevalence of noise exposure in and the aging of our society. (jneurosci.org)
- contains a Noise Ready Reckoner (Appendix C). You can use this to calculate a worker's total noise exposure when they have been exposed to a range of noise levels through the day. (safeworkaustralia.gov.au)
- Make sure the noise a worker is exposed to at the workplace doesn't exceed the exposure standard for noise. (safeworkaustralia.gov.au)
- The effects of long-term exposure are cumulative and a worker may carry out a number of noisy work activities that over time expose them to hazardous noise. (safeworkaustralia.gov.au)
- Conduct employee noise exposure monitoring. (wa.gov)
- Measure employee noise exposure. (wa.gov)
- Use these equations when estimating full-day noise exposure from sound level measurements. (wa.gov)
- An eight-hour exposure to constant 90 dBA noise is a one hundred percent noise dose exposure. (wa.gov)
- The total noise exposure received by an employee during their shift. (wa.gov)
- These findings suggest that musical experience limits the negative effects of competing background noise, thereby providing the first biological evidence for musicians' perceptual advantage for speech-in-noise. (jneurosci.org)
- This term is used interchangeably with background noise. (nonoise.org)
- It takes into account the limitations of the transmission path and the background noise. (nonoise.org)
- The all encompassing background noise level associated with a given environment, being usually a composite of sounds from many sources. (ecode360.com)
- In the natural environment, I never see the 450-500Hz frequency peak. (indiana.edu)
- The small local neighborhood of pixels used by the Sigma filter make it simple to implement and effective at removing the high spatial frequency components of noise. (google.com)
- Therefore, lower spatial frequency components of noise are not removed. (google.com)
- This dictionary of terms related to noise and noise control is a useful tool for those who are investigating how to reduce the amount of noise pollution in their environment. (nonoise.org)
- The EPA dissolved one of its own offices dealing with noise pollution in 1981. (govtrack.us)
- Noise pollution really tires me mentally and physically. (silentpcreview.com)
- It remains poorly understood how strong noise impacts natural systems that are strongly connected and far from the stability threshold [ 8 , 17 , 18 ]. (frontiersin.org)
- ii) calculating the threshold value as the location of a peak of the second order curve. (google.com)
- 7. The method of claim 1 , wherein the step of calculating a derivative of the growth curve comprises determining the second derivative of the growth curve with respect to cycle number, and wherein the threshold value is calculated as the location, in cycles, of the positive peak of the second derivative. (google.com)
- Their theory suggests that noise produced in the visual cortex helps linearize or smooth the threshold of action potentials. (wikipedia.org)
- Emergence of noise-induced oscillations in the central circadian pacemaker. (nih.gov)
- The MF oscillations in a CHEC unit ( A in figure below) were lower in amplitude than those in the PREP sessions ( B in figure below), and the waveforms recorded in the two areas differed in the shape of the individual peaks. (indiana.edu)
- The noise was measured and recorded by a sound level meter for two-hour periods in the morning and evening. (bvsalud.org)
- The original authors did an excellent job of defining terms associated with sound and noise, and we have inserted information in green where we felt there were new or useful words or terms, and where we felt a longer definition might improve communication. (nonoise.org)
- A sound characterized by brief excursions of peak sound pressure which significantly exceed the ambient sound. (ecode360.com)
- AHL) in groups of CBA/CaJ mice exposed identically (8-16 kHz noise band at 100 dB sound pressure level for 2 h) but at different ages (4-124 weeks) and held with unexposed cohorts for different postexposure times (2-96 weeks). (jneurosci.org)
- Paww WaveSound 3 headphones: Big sound, noise cancellation, and lowest price. (androidguys.com)
- This might sound strange, but the lack of noise actually seems to almost hurt my hears. (silentpcreview.com)
- Impulse and impact noise are measured using the fast response setting on a sound level meter. (wa.gov)
- The average noise level of the nine lines inside Seoul was 73.45 dB, which was 1.68-dB louder than that of the six lines surrounding the capital city area. (bvsalud.org)
- 3) There was no remarkable difference in the level of subway interior noise between morning and evening peak commuter times. (bvsalud.org)
- Whether this is exceeded depends on the level of noise involved and how long a worker is exposed to it. (safeworkaustralia.gov.au)
- C) means a worker can't be exposed to a noise level above 140 decibels. (safeworkaustralia.gov.au)
- Musicians were found to have a more robust subcortical representation of the acoustic stimulus in the presence of noise. (jneurosci.org)
- Presently, this approach has still not attracted many researchers to apply in general noisy speech enhancement because of some major problems: those are the difficulties of noise adaptation and the lack of noise robust synthesizable features in different noisy environments. (hindawi.com)