A large family of cell surface receptors that bind conserved molecular structures (PAMPS) present in pathogens. They play important roles in host defense by mediating cellular responses to pathogens.
In INFORMATION RETRIEVAL, machine-sensing or identification of visible patterns (shapes, forms, and configurations). (Harrod's Librarians' Glossary, 7th ed)
Area of the OCCIPITAL LOBE concerned with the processing of visual information relayed via VISUAL PATHWAYS.
The electric response evoked in the cerebral cortex by visual stimulation or stimulation of the visual pathways.
The selecting and organizing of visual stimuli based on the individual's past experience.
Clarity or sharpness of OCULAR VISION or the ability of the eye to see fine details. Visual acuity depends on the functions of RETINA, neuronal transmission, and the interpretative ability of the brain. Normal visual acuity is expressed as 20/20 indicating that one can see at 20 feet what should normally be seen at that distance. Visual acuity can also be influenced by brightness, color, and contrast.
The total area or space visible in a person's peripheral vision with the eye looking straightforward.
Set of cell bodies and nerve fibers conducting impulses from the eyes to the cerebral cortex. It includes the RETINA; OPTIC NERVE; optic tract; and geniculocalcarine tract.
Mental process to visually perceive a critical number of facts (the pattern), such as characters, shapes, displays, or designs.
The analysis of a critical number of sensory stimuli or facts (the pattern) by physiological processes such as vision (PATTERN RECOGNITION, VISUAL), touch, or hearing.
The knowledge or perception that someone or something present has been previously encountered.
The capacity of a normal organism to remain unaffected by microorganisms and their toxins. It results from the presence of naturally occurring ANTI-INFECTIVE AGENTS, constitutional factors such as BODY TEMPERATURE and immediate acting immune cells such as NATURAL KILLER CELLS.
A family of pattern recognition receptors characterized by an extracellular leucine-rich domain and a cytoplasmic domain that share homology with the INTERLEUKIN 1 RECEPTOR and the DROSOPHILA toll protein. Following pathogen recognition, toll-like receptors recruit and activate a variety of SIGNAL TRANSDUCING ADAPTOR PROTEINS.
Investigative technique commonly used during ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHY in which a series of bright light flashes or visual patterns are used to elicit brain activity.
A NOD-signaling adaptor protein that contains a C-terminal leucine-rich domain which recognizes bacterial PEPTIDOGLYCAN. It signals via an N-terminal caspase recruitment domain that interacts with other CARD SIGNALING ADAPTOR PROTEINS such as RIP SERINE-THEONINE KINASES. It plays a role in the host defense response by signaling the activation of CASPASES and the MAP KINASE SIGNALING SYSTEM.
A pattern recognition receptor that forms heterodimers with other TOLL-LIKE RECEPTORS. It interacts with multiple ligands including PEPTIDOGLYCAN, bacterial LIPOPROTEINS, lipoarabinomannan, and a variety of PORINS.
A NOD signaling adaptor protein that contains two C-terminal leucine-rich domains which recognize bacterial PEPTIDOGLYCAN. It signals via an N-terminal capase recruitment domain that interacts with other CARD SIGNALING ADAPTOR PROTEINS such as RIP SERINE-THEONINE KINASES. The protein plays a role in the host defense response by signaling the activation of CASPASES and the MAP KINASE SIGNALING SYSTEM. Mutations of the gene encoding the nucleotide oligomerization domain 2 protein have been associated with increased susceptibility to CROHN DISEASE.
Cytosolic signaling adaptor proteins that were initially discovered by their role in the innate immunity (IMMUNITY, INNATE) response of organisms that lack an adaptive immune system. This class of proteins contains three domains, a C-terminal ligand recognition domain, an N-terminal effector-binding domain, and a centrally located nuclear-binding oligomerization domain. Many members of this class contain a C-terminal leucine rich domain which binds to PEPTIDOGLYCAN on the surface of BACTERIA and plays a role in pathogen resistance.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
Glucose polymers consisting of a backbone of beta(1->3)-linked beta-D-glucopyranosyl units with beta(1->6) linked side chains of various lengths. They are a major component of the CELL WALL of organisms and of soluble DIETARY FIBER.
Method of measuring and mapping the scope of vision, from central to peripheral of each eye.
The process in which light signals are transformed by the PHOTORECEPTOR CELLS into electrical signals which can then be transmitted to the brain.
A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.
A pattern recognition receptor that interacts with LYMPHOCYTE ANTIGEN 96 and LIPOPOLYSACCHARIDES. It mediates cellular responses to GRAM-NEGATIVE BACTERIA.
Visual impairments limiting one or more of the basic functions of the eye: visual acuity, dark adaptation, color vision, or peripheral vision. These may result from EYE DISEASES; OPTIC NERVE DISEASES; VISUAL PATHWAY diseases; OCCIPITAL LOBE diseases; OCULAR MOTILITY DISORDERS; and other conditions (From Newell, Ophthalmology: Principles and Concepts, 7th ed, p132).
A class of animal lectins that bind to carbohydrate in a calcium-dependent manner. They share a common carbohydrate-binding domain that is structurally distinct from other classes of lectins.
The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.
A pattern recognition receptor that forms heterodimers with TOLL-LIKE RECEPTOR 2.
A family of scavenger receptors that mediate the influx of LIPIDS into MACROPHAGES and are involved in FOAM CELL formation.
The intracellular transfer of information (biological activation/inhibition) through a signal pathway. In each signal transduction system, an activation/inhibition signal from a biologically active molecule (hormone, neurotransmitter) is mediated via the coupling of a receptor/enzyme to a second messenger system or to an ion channel. Signal transduction plays an important role in activating cellular functions, cell differentiation, and cell proliferation. Examples of signal transduction systems are the GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID-postsynaptic receptor-calcium ion channel system, the receptor-mediated T-cell activation pathway, and the receptor-mediated activation of phospholipases. Those coupled to membrane depolarization or intracellular release of calcium include the receptor-mediated activation of cytotoxic functions in granulocytes and the synaptic potentiation of protein kinase activation. Some signal transduction pathways may be part of larger signal transduction pathways; for example, protein kinase activation is part of the platelet activation signal pathway.
The process in which substances, either endogenous or exogenous, bind to proteins, peptides, enzymes, protein precursors, or allied compounds. Specific protein-binding measures are often used as assays in diagnostic assessments.
A specific mannose-binding member of the collectin family of lectins. It binds to carbohydrate groups on invading pathogens and plays a key role in the MANNOSE-BINDING LECTIN COMPLEMENT PATHWAY.
Prosthetic replacements for arms, legs, and parts thereof.
Amyloid P component is a small, non-fibrillar glycoprotein found in normal serum and in all amyloid deposits. It has a pentagonal (pentaxin) structure. It is an acute phase protein, modulates immunologic responses, inhibits ELASTASE, and has been suggested as an indicator of LIVER DISEASE.
A large family of RNA helicases that share a common protein motif with the single letter amino acid sequence D-E-A-D (Asp-Glu-Ala-Asp). In addition to RNA helicase activity, members of the DEAD-box family participate in other aspects of RNA metabolism and regulation of RNA function.
The parts of a macromolecule that directly participate in its specific combination with another molecule.
A technique to self-regulate brain activities provided as a feedback in order to better control or enhance one's own performance, control or function. This is done by trying to bring brain activities into a range associated with a desired brain function or status.
The time from the onset of a stimulus until a response is observed.
A statistical analytic technique used with discrete dependent variables, concerned with separating sets of observed values and allocating new values. It is sometimes used instead of regression analysis.
Focusing on certain aspects of current experience to the exclusion of others. It is the act of heeding or taking notice or concentrating.
Models used experimentally or theoretically to study molecular shape, electronic properties, or interactions; includes analogous molecules, computer-generated graphics, and mechanical structures.
Cell surface proteins that bind signalling molecules external to the cell with high affinity and convert this extracellular event into one or more intracellular signals that alter the behavior of the target cell (From Alberts, Molecular Biology of the Cell, 2nd ed, pp693-5). Cell surface receptors, unlike enzymes, do not chemically alter their ligands.
Theory and development of COMPUTER SYSTEMS which perform tasks that normally require human intelligence. Such tasks may include speech recognition, LEARNING; VISUAL PERCEPTION; MATHEMATICAL COMPUTING; reasoning, PROBLEM SOLVING, DECISION-MAKING, and translation of language.
A computer architecture, implementable in either hardware or software, modeled after biological neural networks. Like the biological system in which the processing capability is a result of the interconnection strengths between arrays of nonlinear processing nodes, computerized neural networks, often called perceptrons or multilayer connectionist models, consist of neuron-like units. A homogeneous group of units makes up a layer. These networks are good at pattern recognition. They are adaptive, performing tasks by example, and thus are better for decision-making than are linear learning machines or cluster analysis. They do not require explicit programming.
The level of protein structure in which combinations of secondary protein structures (alpha helices, beta sheets, loop regions, and motifs) pack together to form folded shapes called domains. Disulfide bridges between cysteines in two different parts of the polypeptide chain along with other interactions between the chains play a role in the formation and stabilization of tertiary structure. Small proteins usually consist of only one domain but larger proteins may contain a number of domains connected by segments of polypeptide chain which lack regular secondary structure.
A subclass of lectins that are specific for CARBOHYDRATES that contain MANNOSE.
Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.
An intracellular signaling adaptor protein that plays a role in TOLL-LIKE RECEPTOR and INTERLEUKIN 1 RECEPTORS signal transduction. It forms a signaling complex with the activated cell surface receptors and members of the IRAK KINASES.
The coordination of a sensory or ideational (cognitive) process and a motor activity.
Complement activation triggered by the interaction of microbial POLYSACCHARIDES with serum MANNOSE-BINDING LECTIN resulting in the activation of MANNOSE-BINDING PROTEIN-ASSOCIATED SERINE PROTEASES. As in the classical pathway, MASPs cleave COMPLEMENT C4 and COMPLEMENT C2 to form C3 CONVERTASE (C4B2A) and the subsequent C5 CONVERTASE (C4B2A3B) leading to cleavage of COMPLEMENT C5 and assembly of COMPLEMENT MEMBRANE ATTACK COMPLEX.
A molecule that binds to another molecule, used especially to refer to a small molecule that binds specifically to a larger molecule, e.g., an antigen binding to an antibody, a hormone or neurotransmitter binding to a receptor, or a substrate or allosteric effector binding to an enzyme. Ligands are also molecules that donate or accept a pair of electrons to form a coordinate covalent bond with the central metal atom of a coordination complex. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
Strains of mice in which certain GENES of their GENOMES have been disrupted, or "knocked-out". To produce knockouts, using RECOMBINANT DNA technology, the normal DNA sequence of the gene being studied is altered to prevent synthesis of a normal gene product. Cloned cells in which this DNA alteration is successful are then injected into mouse EMBRYOS to produce chimeric mice. The chimeric mice are then bred to yield a strain in which all the cells of the mouse contain the disrupted gene. Knockout mice are used as EXPERIMENTAL ANIMAL MODELS for diseases (DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL) and to clarify the functions of the genes.
The real or apparent movement of objects through the visual field.
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
The ability to detect sharp boundaries (stimuli) and to detect slight changes in luminance at regions without distinct contours. Psychophysical measurements of this visual function are used to evaluate visual acuity and to detect eye disease.
Imaging techniques used to colocalize sites of brain functions or physiological activity with brain structures.
A RIP serine-theonine kinase that contains a C-terminal caspase activation and recruitment domain. It can signal by associating with other CARD-signaling adaptor proteins and INITIATOR CASPASES that contain CARD domains within their N-terminal pro-domain region.
A technique of inputting two-dimensional images into a computer and then enhancing or analyzing the imagery into a form that is more useful to the human observer.
The awareness of the spatial properties of objects; includes physical space.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
The interactions between a host and a pathogen, usually resulting in disease.
Cell surface molecules on cells of the immune system that specifically bind surface molecules or messenger molecules and trigger changes in the behavior of cells. Although these receptors were first identified in the immune system, many have important functions elsewhere.
Glycolipid-anchored membrane glycoproteins expressed on cells of the myelomonocyte lineage including monocytes, macrophages, and some granulocytes. They function as receptors for the complex of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and LPS-binding protein.
An enzyme of the oxidoreductase class that catalyzes the reaction between catechol and oxygen to yield benzoquinone and water. It is a complex of copper-containing proteins that acts also on a variety of substituted catechols. EC
A pattern recognition receptor that binds DOUBLE-STRANDED RNA. It mediates cellular responses to certain viral pathogens.
The relatively long-lived phagocytic cell of mammalian tissues that are derived from blood MONOCYTES. Main types are PERITONEAL MACROPHAGES; ALVEOLAR MACROPHAGES; HISTIOCYTES; KUPFFER CELLS of the liver; and OSTEOCLASTS. They may further differentiate within chronic inflammatory lesions to EPITHELIOID CELLS or may fuse to form FOREIGN BODY GIANT CELLS or LANGHANS GIANT CELLS. (from The Dictionary of Cell Biology, Lackie and Dow, 3rd ed.)
Signals for an action; that specific portion of a perceptual field or pattern of stimuli to which a subject has learned to respond.
The positioning and accommodation of eyes that allows the image to be brought into place on the FOVEA CENTRALIS of each eye.
A series of tests used to assess various functions of the eyes.
The blood/lymphlike nutrient fluid of some invertebrates.
Voluntary or reflex-controlled movements of the eye.
Diseases of the uterine appendages (ADNEXA UTERI) including diseases involving the OVARY, the FALLOPIAN TUBES, and ligaments of the uterus (BROAD LIGAMENT; ROUND LIGAMENT).
The science dealing with the correlation of the physical characteristics of a stimulus, e.g., frequency or intensity, with the response to the stimulus, in order to assess the psychologic factors involved in the relationship.
A pattern recognition receptor that binds unmethylated CPG CLUSTERS. It mediates cellular responses to bacterial pathogens by distinguishing between self and bacterial DNA.
Proteins that share the common characteristic of binding to carbohydrates. Some ANTIBODIES and carbohydrate-metabolizing proteins (ENZYMES) also bind to carbohydrates, however they are not considered lectins. PLANT LECTINS are carbohydrate-binding proteins that have been primarily identified by their hemagglutinating activity (HEMAGGLUTININS). However, a variety of lectins occur in animal species where they serve diverse array of functions through specific carbohydrate recognition.
The inability to see or the loss or absence of perception of visual stimuli. This condition may be the result of EYE DISEASES; OPTIC NERVE DISEASES; OPTIC CHIASM diseases; or BRAIN DISEASES affecting the VISUAL PATHWAYS or OCCIPITAL LOBE.
Lipid-containing polysaccharides which are endotoxins and important group-specific antigens. They are often derived from the cell wall of gram-negative bacteria and induce immunoglobulin secretion. The lipopolysaccharide molecule consists of three parts: LIPID A, core polysaccharide, and O-specific chains (O ANTIGENS). When derived from Escherichia coli, lipopolysaccharides serve as polyclonal B-cell mitogens commonly used in laboratory immunology. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
Non-antibody proteins secreted by inflammatory leukocytes and some non-leukocytic cells, that act as intercellular mediators. They differ from classical hormones in that they are produced by a number of tissue or cell types rather than by specialized glands. They generally act locally in a paracrine or autocrine rather than endocrine manner.
Differential response to different stimuli.
Polysaccharides composed of repeating glucose units. They can consist of branched or unbranched chains in any linkages.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
The sensory discrimination of a pattern shape or outline.
Established cell cultures that have the potential to propagate indefinitely.
Transport proteins that carry specific substances in the blood or across cell membranes.
A pattern recognition receptor that binds FLAGELLIN. It mediates cellular responses to certain bacterial pathogens.
Complex mental function having four distinct phases: (1) memorizing or learning, (2) retention, (3) recall, and (4) recognition. Clinically, it is usually subdivided into immediate, recent, and remote memory.
Glycoproteins found on the membrane or surface of cells.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of the neurological system, processes or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
An order of fungi in the phylum ASCOMYCOTA that includes a number of species which are parasitic on higher plants, insects, or fungi. Other species are saprotrophic.
Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
A family of scavenger receptors with broad polyanionic ligand binding properties that are expressed in embryonic insect MACROPHAGES.
Cells propagated in vitro in special media conducive to their growth. Cultured cells are used to study developmental, morphologic, metabolic, physiologic, and genetic processes, among others.
A pathological process characterized by injury or destruction of tissues caused by a variety of cytologic and chemical reactions. It is usually manifested by typical signs of pain, heat, redness, swelling, and loss of function.
A plant family of the order Dipsacales, subclass Asteridae, class Magnoliopsida. It is sometimes called the teasel family.
Mathematical procedure that transforms a number of possibly correlated variables into a smaller number of uncorrelated variables called principal components.
The anterior portion of the head that includes the skin, muscles, and structures of the forehead, eyes, nose, mouth, cheeks, and jaw.
Serum serine proteases which participate in COMPLEMENT ACTIVATION. They are activated when complexed with the MANNOSE-BINDING LECTIN, therefore also known as Mannose-binding protein-Associated Serine Proteases (MASPs). They cleave COMPLEMENT C4 and COMPLEMENT C2 to form C4b2a, the CLASSICAL PATHWAY C3 CONVERTASE.
The ten-layered nervous tissue membrane of the eye. It is continuous with the OPTIC NERVE and receives images of external objects and transmits visual impulses to the brain. Its outer surface is in contact with the CHOROID and the inner surface with the VITREOUS BODY. The outer-most layer is pigmented, whereas the inner nine layers are transparent.
The blending of separate images seen by each eye into one composite image.
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Proteins found in any species of insect.
A genus of gram-positive cocci in the family AEROCOCCACEAE, occurring as airborne saprophytes.
A pattern recognition receptor that forms heterodimers with TLR2 RECEPTOR. The complex interacts with a variety of ligands including LIPOPROTEINS from MYCOPLASMA.
The degree of similarity between sequences of amino acids. This information is useful for the analyzing genetic relatedness of proteins and species.
The basic cellular units of nervous tissue. Each neuron consists of a body, an axon, and dendrites. Their purpose is to receive, conduct, and transmit impulses in the NERVOUS SYSTEM.
The inherent or induced capacity of plants to withstand or ward off biological attack by pathogens.
The minimum amount of stimulus energy necessary to elicit a sensory response.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
Multiprotein complexes that mediate the activation of CASPASE-1. Dysregulation of inflammasomes has also been linked to a number of autoinflammatory and autoimmune disorders.
The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.
The study of crystal structure using X-RAY DIFFRACTION techniques. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The absence or restriction of the usual external sensory stimuli to which the individual responds.
Behavioral manifestations of cerebral dominance in which there is preferential use and superior functioning of either the left or the right side, as in the preferred use of the right hand or right foot.
Any blood or formed element especially in invertebrates.
Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control (induction or repression) of gene action at the level of transcription or translation.
Vision considered to be inferior to normal vision as represented by accepted standards of acuity, field of vision, or motility. Low vision generally refers to visual disorders that are caused by diseases that cannot be corrected by refraction (e.g., MACULAR DEGENERATION; RETINITIS PIGMENTOSA; DIABETIC RETINOPATHY, etc.).
Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.
Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.
A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria (GRAM-NEGATIVE FACULTATIVELY ANAEROBIC RODS) commonly found in the lower part of the intestine of warm-blooded animals. It is usually nonpathogenic, but some strains are known to produce DIARRHEA and pyogenic infections. Pathogenic strains (virotypes) are classified by their specific pathogenic mechanisms such as toxins (ENTEROTOXIGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI), etc.
Interferon secreted by leukocytes, fibroblasts, or lymphoblasts in response to viruses or interferon inducers other than mitogens, antigens, or allo-antigens. They include alpha- and beta-interferons (INTERFERON-ALPHA and INTERFERON-BETA).
An abrupt voluntary shift in ocular fixation from one point to another, as occurs in reading.
Proteins that originate from insect species belonging to the genus DROSOPHILA. The proteins from the most intensely studied species of Drosophila, DROSOPHILA MELANOGASTER, are the subject of much interest in the area of MORPHOGENESIS and development.
Images seen by one eye.
Specialized cells of the hematopoietic system that have branch-like extensions. They are found throughout the lymphatic system, and in non-lymphoid tissues such as SKIN and the epithelia of the intestinal, respiratory, and reproductive tracts. They trap and process ANTIGENS, and present them to T-CELLS, thereby stimulating CELL-MEDIATED IMMUNITY. They are different from the non-hematopoietic FOLLICULAR DENDRITIC CELLS, which have a similar morphology and immune system function, but with respect to humoral immunity (ANTIBODY PRODUCTION).
Learning algorithms which are a set of related supervised computer learning methods that analyze data and recognize patterns, and used for classification and regression analysis.
The arrangement of two or more amino acid or base sequences from an organism or organisms in such a way as to align areas of the sequences sharing common properties. The degree of relatedness or homology between the sequences is predicted computationally or statistically based on weights assigned to the elements aligned between the sequences. This in turn can serve as a potential indicator of the genetic relatedness between the organisms.
The characteristic 3-dimensional shape of a protein, including the secondary, supersecondary (motifs), tertiary (domains) and quaternary structure of the peptide chain. PROTEIN STRUCTURE, QUATERNARY describes the conformation assumed by multimeric proteins (aggregates of more than one polypeptide chain).
A characteristic feature of enzyme activity in relation to the kind of substrate on which the enzyme or catalytic molecule reacts.
A field of biology concerned with the development of techniques for the collection and manipulation of biological data, and the use of such data to make biological discoveries or predictions. This field encompasses all computational methods and theories for solving biological problems including manipulation of models and datasets.
A deoxyribonucleotide polymer that is the primary genetic material of all cells. Eukaryotic and prokaryotic organisms normally contain DNA in a double-stranded state, yet several important biological processes transiently involve single-stranded regions. DNA, which consists of a polysugar-phosphate backbone possessing projections of purines (adenine and guanine) and pyrimidines (thymine and cytosine), forms a double helix that is held together by hydrogen bonds between these purines and pyrimidines (adenine to thymine and guanine to cytosine).
A class of C-type lectins that target the carbohydrate structures found on invading pathogens. Binding of collectins to microorganisms results in their agglutination and enhanced clearance. Collectins form trimers that may assemble into larger oligomers. Each collectin polypeptide chain consists of four regions: a relatively short N-terminal region, a collagen-like region, an alpha-helical coiled-coil region, and carbohydrate-binding region.
The engulfing and degradation of microorganisms; other cells that are dead, dying, or pathogenic; and foreign particles by phagocytic cells (PHAGOCYTES).
Invasion of the host organism by microorganisms that can cause pathological conditions or diseases.
A species of the genus MACACA inhabiting India, China, and other parts of Asia. The species is used extensively in biomedical research and adapts very well to living with humans.
The relationship between the chemical structure of a compound and its biological or pharmacological activity. Compounds are often classed together because they have structural characteristics in common including shape, size, stereochemical arrangement, and distribution of functional groups.
A set of statistical methods used to group variables or observations into strongly inter-related subgroups. In epidemiology, it may be used to analyze a closely grouped series of events or cases of disease or other health-related phenomenon with well-defined distribution patterns in relation to time or place or both.
Interferon inducer consisting of a synthetic, mismatched double-stranded RNA. The polymer is made of one strand each of polyinosinic acid and polycytidylic acid.
A pattern recognition receptor that binds several forms of imidazo-quinoline including the antiviral compound Imiquimod.
Proteins prepared by recombinant DNA technology.
A protein with a molecular weight of 40,000 isolated from bacterial flagella. At appropriate pH and salt concentration, three flagellin monomers can spontaneously reaggregate to form structures which appear identical to intact flagella.
Partial or complete loss of vision in one half of the visual field(s) of one or both eyes. Subtypes include altitudinal hemianopsia, characterized by a visual defect above or below the horizontal meridian of the visual field. Homonymous hemianopsia refers to a visual defect that affects both eyes equally, and occurs either to the left or right of the midline of the visual field. Binasal hemianopsia consists of loss of vision in the nasal hemifields of both eyes. Bitemporal hemianopsia is the bilateral loss of vision in the temporal fields. Quadrantanopsia refers to loss of vision in one quarter of the visual field in one or both eyes.
Spectroscopic method of measuring the magnetic moment of elementary particles such as atomic nuclei, protons or electrons. It is employed in clinical applications such as NMR Tomography (MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING).
Ubiquitous, inducible, nuclear transcriptional activator that binds to enhancer elements in many different cell types and is activated by pathogenic stimuli. The NF-kappa B complex is a heterodimer composed of two DNA-binding subunits: NF-kappa B1 and relA.
A kingdom of eukaryotic, heterotrophic organisms that live parasitically as saprobes, including MUSHROOMS; YEASTS; smuts, molds, etc. They reproduce either sexually or asexually, and have life cycles that range from simple to complex. Filamentous fungi, commonly known as molds, refer to those that grow as multicellular colonies.
A subcomponent of complement C1, composed of six copies of three polypeptide chains (A, B, and C), each encoded by a separate gene (C1QA; C1QB; C1QC). This complex is arranged in nine subunits (six disulfide-linked dimers of A and B, and three disulfide-linked homodimers of C). C1q has binding sites for antibodies (the heavy chain of IMMUNOGLOBULIN G or IMMUNOGLOBULIN M). The interaction of C1q and immunoglobulin activates the two proenzymes COMPLEMENT C1R and COMPLEMENT C1S, thus initiating the cascade of COMPLEMENT ACTIVATION via the CLASSICAL COMPLEMENT PATHWAY.
Commonly observed structural components of proteins formed by simple combinations of adjacent secondary structures. A commonly observed structure may be composed of a CONSERVED SEQUENCE which can be represented by a CONSENSUS SEQUENCE.
Lower lateral part of the cerebral hemisphere responsible for auditory, olfactory, and semantic processing. It is located inferior to the lateral fissure and anterior to the OCCIPITAL LOBE.
Methods used by pathogenic organisms to evade a host's immune system.
Computer-assisted processing of electric, ultrasonic, or electronic signals to interpret function and activity.
One of the type I interferons produced by fibroblasts in response to stimulation by live or inactivated virus or by double-stranded RNA. It is a cytokine with antiviral, antiproliferative, and immunomodulating activity.
Persons with loss of vision such that there is an impact on activities of daily living.
The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
Part of the DIENCEPHALON inferior to the caudal end of the dorsal THALAMUS. Includes the lateral geniculate body which relays visual impulses from the OPTIC TRACT to the calcarine cortex, and the medial geniculate body which relays auditory impulses from the lateral lemniscus to the AUDITORY CORTEX.
The interference of one perceptual stimulus with another causing a decrease or lessening in perceptual effectiveness.
Peptidoglycan immunoadjuvant originally isolated from bacterial cell wall fragments; also acts as pyrogen and may cause arthritis; stimulates both humoral and cellular immunity.
An interferon regulatory factor that is expressed constitutively and undergoes POST-TRANSLATIONAL MODIFICATION following viral infection. PHOSPHORYLATION of IRF-3 causes the protein to be translocated from the CYTOPLASM to CELL NUCLEUS where it binds DNA, and activates transcription.
Minute infectious agents whose genomes are composed of DNA or RNA, but not both. They are characterized by a lack of independent metabolism and the inability to replicate outside living host cells.
A large group of structurally diverse cell surface receptors that mediate endocytic uptake of modified LIPOPROTEINS. Scavenger receptors are expressed by MYELOID CELLS and some ENDOTHELIAL CELLS, and were originally characterized based on their ability to bind acetylated LOW-DENSITY LIPOPROTEINS. They can also bind a variety of other polyanionic ligand. Certain scavenger receptors can internalize micro-organisms as well as apoptotic cells.
A broad category of carrier proteins that play a role in SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION. They generally contain several modular domains, each of which having its own binding activity, and act by forming complexes with other intracellular-signaling molecules. Signal-transducing adaptor proteins lack enzyme activity, however their activity can be modulated by other signal-transducing enzymes
Appendages of the UTERUS which include the FALLOPIAN TUBES, the OVARY, and the supporting ligaments of the uterus (BROAD LIGAMENT; ROUND LIGAMENT).
Use of sound to elicit a response in the nervous system.
Protection from an infectious disease agent that is mediated by B- and T- LYMPHOCYTES following exposure to specific antigen, and characterized by IMMUNOLOGIC MEMORY. It can result from either previous infection with that agent or vaccination (IMMUNITY, ACTIVE), or transfer of antibody or lymphocytes from an immune donor (IMMUNIZATION, PASSIVE).
A long pro-domain caspase that has specificity for the precursor form of INTERLEUKIN-1BETA. It plays a role in INFLAMMATION by catalytically converting the inactive forms of CYTOKINES such as interleukin-1beta to their active, secreted form. Caspase 1 is referred as interleukin-1beta converting enzyme and is frequently abbreviated ICE.
Cognitive disorders characterized by an impaired ability to perceive the nature of objects or concepts through use of the sense organs. These include spatial neglect syndromes, where an individual does not attend to visual, auditory, or sensory stimuli presented from one side of the body.
A nonspecific term referring to impaired vision. Major subcategories include stimulus deprivation-induced amblyopia and toxic amblyopia. Stimulus deprivation-induced amblyopia is a developmental disorder of the visual cortex. A discrepancy between visual information received by the visual cortex from each eye results in abnormal cortical development. STRABISMUS and REFRACTIVE ERRORS may cause this condition. Toxic amblyopia is a disorder of the OPTIC NERVE which is associated with ALCOHOLISM, tobacco SMOKING, and other toxins and as an adverse effect of the use of some medications.
RNA consisting of two strands as opposed to the more prevalent single-stranded RNA. Most of the double-stranded segments are formed from transcription of DNA by intramolecular base-pairing of inverted complementary sequences separated by a single-stranded loop. Some double-stranded segments of RNA are normal in all organisms.
Bacteria which retain the crystal violet stain when treated by Gram's method.
The anterior pair of the quadrigeminal bodies which coordinate the general behavioral orienting responses to visual stimuli, such as whole-body turning, and reaching.
A variation of the PCR technique in which cDNA is made from RNA via reverse transcription. The resultant cDNA is then amplified using standard PCR protocols.
The storing or preserving of video signals for television to be played back later via a transmitter or receiver. Recordings may be made on magnetic tape or discs (VIDEODISC RECORDING).
Upper central part of the cerebral hemisphere. It is located posterior to central sulcus, anterior to the OCCIPITAL LOBE, and superior to the TEMPORAL LOBES.
Proteins which are found in membranes including cellular and intracellular membranes. They consist of two types, peripheral and integral proteins. They include most membrane-associated enzymes, antigenic proteins, transport proteins, and drug, hormone, and lectin receptors.
The determination of the pattern of genes expressed at the level of GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION, under specific circumstances or in a specific cell.
The level of protein structure in which regular hydrogen-bond interactions within contiguous stretches of polypeptide chain give rise to alpha helices, beta strands (which align to form beta sheets) or other types of coils. This is the first folding level of protein conformation.
A localized defect in the visual field bordered by an area of normal vision. This occurs with a variety of EYE DISEASES (e.g., RETINAL DISEASES and GLAUCOMA); OPTIC NERVE DISEASES, and other conditions.
RNA sequences that serve as templates for protein synthesis. Bacterial mRNAs are generally primary transcripts in that they do not require post-transcriptional processing. Eukaryotic mRNA is synthesized in the nucleus and must be exported to the cytoplasm for translation. Most eukaryotic mRNAs have a sequence of polyadenylic acid at the 3' end, referred to as the poly(A) tail. The function of this tail is not known for certain, but it may play a role in the export of mature mRNA from the nucleus as well as in helping stabilize some mRNA molecules by retarding their degradation in the cytoplasm.
The distal part of the arm beyond the wrist in humans and primates, that includes the palm, fingers, and thumb.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of immune system, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electrical equipment.
The domestic cat, Felis catus, of the carnivore family FELIDAE, comprising over 30 different breeds. The domestic cat is descended primarily from the wild cat of Africa and extreme southwestern Asia. Though probably present in towns in Palestine as long ago as 7000 years, actual domestication occurred in Egypt about 4000 years ago. (From Walker's Mammals of the World, 6th ed, p801)
A plant genus in the family THEACEAE, order THEALES best known for CAMELLIA SINENSIS which is the source of Oriental TEA.
The body's defense mechanism against foreign organisms or substances and deviant native cells. It includes the humoral immune response and the cell-mediated response and consists of a complex of interrelated cellular, molecular, and genetic components.
A beta-D-glucan obtained from the Aphyllophoral fungus Schizophyllum commune. It is used as an immunoadjuvant in the treatment of neoplasms, especially tumors found in the stomach.
The process whereby auditory stimuli are selected, organized, and interpreted by the organism.
Relatively permanent change in behavior that is the result of past experience or practice. The concept includes the acquisition of knowledge.
Processes and properties of the EYE as a whole or of any of its parts.
Large, phagocytic mononuclear leukocytes produced in the vertebrate BONE MARROW and released into the BLOOD; contain a large, oval or somewhat indented nucleus surrounded by voluminous cytoplasm and numerous organelles.
Proteins found in any species of bacterium.
One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.
Controlled operation of an apparatus, process, or system by mechanical or electronic devices that take the place of human organs of observation, effort, and decision. (From Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 1993)
Members of the class of compounds composed of AMINO ACIDS joined together by peptide bonds between adjacent amino acids into linear, branched or cyclical structures. OLIGOPEPTIDES are composed of approximately 2-12 amino acids. Polypeptides are composed of approximately 13 or more amino acids. PROTEINS are linear polypeptides that are normally synthesized on RIBOSOMES.
An interleukin-1 subtype that is synthesized as an inactive membrane-bound pro-protein. Proteolytic processing of the precursor form by CASPASE 1 results in release of the active form of interleukin-1beta from the membrane.
A cell line generated from human embryonic kidney cells that were transformed with human adenovirus type 5.
Tests designed to assess neurological function associated with certain behaviors. They are used in diagnosing brain dysfunction or damage and central nervous system disorders or injury.
A species of gram-positive, spherical bacteria whose organisms occur in tetrads and in irregular clusters of tetrads. The primary habitat is mammalian skin.

The effect of face inversion on activity in human neural systems for face and object perception. (1/5692)

The differential effect of stimulus inversion on face and object recognition suggests that inverted faces are processed by mechanisms for the perception of other objects rather than by face perception mechanisms. We investigated the face inversion using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). The principal effect of face inversion on was an increased response in ventral extrastriate regions that respond preferentially to another class of objects (houses). In contrast, house inversion did not produce a similar change in face-selective regions. Moreover, stimulus inversion had equivalent, minimal effects for faces in in face-selective regions and for houses in house-selective regions. The results suggest that the failure of face perception systems with inverted faces leads to the recruitment of processing resources in object perception systems, but this failure is not reflected by altered activity in face perception systems.  (+info)

Impairment in preattentive visual processing in patients with Parkinson's disease. (2/5692)

We explored the possibility of whether preattentive visual processing is impaired in Parkinson's disease. With this aim, visual discrimination thresholds for orientation texture stimuli were determined in two separate measurement sessions in 16 patients with idiopathic Parkinson's disease. The results were compared with those of 16 control subjects age-matched and 16 young healthy volunteers. Discrimination thresholds were measured in a four-alternative spatial forced-choice paradigm, in which subjects judged the location of a target embedded in a background of distractors. Four different stimulus configurations were employed: (i) a group of vertical targets among horizontal distractors ('vertical line targets'); (ii) targets with varying levels of orientation difference on a background of spatially filtered vertically oriented noise ('Gaussian filtered noise'); (iii) one 'L' among 43 '+' signs ('texton'), all of which assess preattentive visual processing; and (iv) control condition, of one 'L' among 43 'T' distractors ('non-texton' search target), which reflects attentive visual processing. In two of the preattentive tasks (filtered noise and texton), patients with Parkinson's disease required significantly greater orientation differences and longer stimulus durations, respectively. In contrast, their performance in the vertical line target and non-texton search target was comparable to that of the matched control subjects. These differences were more pronounced in the first compared with the second session. Duration of illness and age within the patient group correlated significantly with test performance. In all conditions tested, the young control subjects performed significantly better than the more elderly control group, further indicating an effect of age on this form of visual processing. The results suggest that, in addition to the well documented impairment in retinal processing, idiopathic Parkinson's disease is associated with a deficit in preattentive cortical visual processing.  (+info)

Accurate memory for colour but not pattern contrast in chicks. (3/5692)

The visual displays of animals and plants often look dramatic and colourful to us, but what information do they convey to their intended, non-human, audience [1] [2]? One possibility is that stimulus values are judged accurately - so, for example, a female might choose a suitor if he displays a specific colour [3]. Alternatively, as for human advertising, displays may attract attention without giving information, perhaps by exploiting innate preferences for bright colours or symmetry [2] [4] [5]. To address this issue experimentally, we investigated chicks' memories of visual patterns. Food was placed in patterned paper containers which, like seed pods or insect prey, must be manipulated to extract food and their patterns learnt. To establish what was learnt, birds were tested on familiar stimuli and on alternative stimuli of differing colour or contrast. For colour, birds selected the trained stimulus; for contrast, they preferred high contrast patterns over the familiar. These differing responses to colour and contrast show how separate components of display patterns could serve different roles, with colour being judged accurately whereas pattern contrast attracts attention.  (+info)

Integration of proprioceptive and visual position-information: An experimentally supported model. (4/5692)

To localize one's hand, i.e., to find out its position with respect to the body, humans may use proprioceptive information or visual information or both. It is still not known how the CNS combines simultaneous proprioceptive and visual information. In this study, we investigate in what position in a horizontal plane a hand is localized on the basis of simultaneous proprioceptive and visual information and compare this to the positions in which it is localized on the basis of proprioception only and vision only. Seated at a table, subjects matched target positions on the table top with their unseen left hand under the table. The experiment consisted of three series. In each of these series, the target positions were presented in three conditions: by vision only, by proprioception only, or by both vision and proprioception. In one of the three series, the visual information was veridical. In the other two, it was modified by prisms that displaced the visual field to the left and to the right, respectively. The results show that the mean of the positions indicated in the condition with both vision and proprioception generally lies off the straight line through the means of the other two conditions. In most cases the mean lies on the side predicted by a model describing the integration of multisensory information. According to this model, the visual information and the proprioceptive information are weighted with direction-dependent weights, the weights being related to the direction-dependent precision of the information in such a way that the available information is used very efficiently. Because the proposed model also can explain the unexpectedly small sizes of the variable errors in the localization of a seen hand that were reported earlier, there is strong evidence to support this model. The results imply that the CNS has knowledge about the direction-dependent precision of the proprioceptive and visual information.  (+info)

Orientation-tuned spatial filters for texture-defined form. (5/5692)

Detection threshold for an orientation-texture-defined (OTD) test grating was elevated after adapting to an OTD grating of high orientation contrast. Threshold elevation was greatest for a test grating parallel to the adapting grating, and fell to zero for a test grating perpendicular to the adapting grating. We conclude that the human visual system contains an orientation-tuned neural mechanism sensitive to OTD form, and propose a model for this mechanism. We further propose that orientation discrimination for OTD bars and gratings is determined by the relative activity of these filters for OTD form.  (+info)

Monocular occlusion cues alter the influence of terminator motion in the barber pole phenomenon. (6/5692)

The influence of monocular occlusion cues on the perceived direction of motion of barber pole patterns is examined. Unlike previous studies that have emphasized the importance of binocular disparity, we find that monocular cues strongly influence the perceived motion direction and can even override binocular depth cues. The difference in motion bias for occluders with and without disparity cues is relatively small. Additionally, although 'T-junctions' aligned with occluders are particularly important, they are not strictly necessary for creating a change in motion perception. Finally, the amount of motion bias differs for several stimulus configurations, suggesting that the extrinsic/intrinsic classification of terminators is not all-or-none.  (+info)

Local velocity representation: evidence from motion adaptation. (7/5692)

Adaptation to a moving visual pattern induces shifts in the perceived motion of subsequently viewed moving patterns. Explanations of such effects are typically based on adaptation-induced sensitivity changes in spatio-temporal frequency tuned mechanisms (STFMs). An alternative hypothesis is that adaptation occurs in mechanisms that independently encode direction and speed (DSMs). Yet a third possibility is that adaptation occurs in mechanisms that encode 2D pattern velocity (VMs). We performed a series of psychophysical experiments to examine predictions made by each of the three hypotheses. The results indicate that: (1) adaptation-induced shifts are relatively independent of spatial pattern of both adapting and test stimuli; (2) the shift in perceived direction of motion of a plaid stimulus after adaptation to a grating indicates a shift in the motion of the plaid pattern, and not a shift in the motion of the plaid components; and (3) the 2D pattern of shift in perceived velocity radiates away from the adaptation velocity, and is inseparable in speed and direction of motion. Taken together, these results are most consistent with the VM adaptation hypothesis.  (+info)

Chromatic masking in the (delta L/L, delta M/M) plane of cone-contrast space reveals only two detection mechanisms. (8/5692)

The post-receptoral mechanisms that mediate detection of stimuli in the (delta L/L, delta M/M) plane of color space were characterized using noise masking. Chromatic masking noises of different chromaticities and spatial configurations were used, and threshold contours for the detection of Gaussian and Gabor tests were measured. The results do not show masking that is narrowly-selective for the chromaticity of the noise. On the contrary, our findings suggest that detection of these tests is mediated only by an opponent chromatic mechanism (a red-green mechanism) and a non-opponent luminance mechanism. These results are not consistent with the hypothesis of multiple chromatic mechanisms mediating detection in this color plane [1].  (+info)

Potentially identical objects (e.g., files) are located across multiple computers based on stochastic partitioning of workload. For each of a plurality of objects stored on a plurality of computers in a network, a portion of object information corresponding to the object is selected. The object information can be generated in a variety of manners (e.g., based on hashing the object, based on characteristics of the object, and so forth). Any of a variety of portions of the object information can be used (e.g., the least significant bits of the object information). A stochastic partitioning process is then used to identify which of the plurality of computers to communicate the object information to for identification of potentially identical objects on the plurality of computers.
In an attempt to understand how low-level visual information contributes to object categorisation, previous studies have examined the effects of spatially filtering images on object recognition at different levels of abstraction. Here, the quantitative thresholds for object categorisation at the basic and subordinate levels are determined by using a combination of the method of adjustment and a match-to-sample method. Participants were asked to adjust the cut-off of either a low-pass or high-pass filter applied to a target image until they reached the threshold at which they could match the target image to one of six simultaneously presented category names. This allowed more quantitative analysis of the spatial frequencies necessary for recognition than previous studies. Results indicate that a more central range of low spatial frequencies is necessary for subordinate categorisation than basic, though the difference is small, at about 0.25 octaves. Conversely, there was no effect of categorisation level
An object tracking method uses a system having an object identifying device and at least one video tracking device, wherein the object identifying device monitors an area to identify an object entering the area and the video tracking device wired/wirelessly connected to the object identifying device monitors the area monitored by the object identifying device. The method includes: extracting, at the object identifying device, object identification information of the object; providing, at the object identifying device, the object identification information to the video tracking device; tracking, at the video tracking device, the object to extract physical information of the object; mapping, at the video tracking device, the physical information to the object identification information to generate object information of the object; and storing, at the video tracking device, the object information in a memory of the video tracking device.
During the past two decades, complex image theory techniques have successfully been utilized to determine simple form expressions for the electric and magnetic fields produced by antennas located near the earths surface, for both single-layered and multilayered earths. It is the purpose of this paper to provide a tutorial overview of complex image theory. Particular attention will be paid to its range of validity. Specific applications will also be discussed. ...
Objects that are semantically related to the visual scene context are typically better recognized than unrelated objects. While context effects on object recognition are well studied, the question which particular visual information of an objects surroundings modulates its semantic processing is still unresolved. Typically, one would expect contextual influences to arise from high-level, semantic components of a scene but what if even low-level features could modulate object processing? Here, we generated seemingly meaningless textures of real-world scenes, which preserved similar summary statistics but discarded spatial layout information. In Experiment 1, participants categorized such textures better than colour controls that lacked higher-order scene statistics while original scenes resulted in the highest performance. In Experiment 2, participants recognized briefly presented consistent objects on scenes significantly better than inconsistent objects, whereas on textures, consistent objects were
fedora: complex objects, information networks, and the challenges of digital preservation: presentation - ipres 2006 - ithaca we are at a point where
The visual system must extract from the light that falls on the retina meaningful information about what is where in our environment. At an early stage it analyzes the incoming sensory data along many dimensions of pattern vision, e.g. spatial frequency, orientation, velocity, eye-of-origin. Visual Pattern Analyzers provides a definitive account of current knowledge about this stage of visual processing.
Fig. 2. Neural-like models via performance optimization. (A) We (1) used high-throughput computational methods to optimize the parameters of a hierarchical CNN with linear-nonlinear (LN) layers for performance on a challenging invariant object recognition task. Using new test images distinct from those used to optimize the model, we then (2) compared output of each of the models layers to IT neural responses and the output of intermediate layers to V4 neural responses. To obtain neural data for comparison, we used chronically implanted multielectrode arrays to record the responses of multiunit sites in IT and V4, obtaining the mean visually evoked response of each of 296 neural sites to ∼6,000 complex images. (B) Object categorization performance results on the test images for eight-way object categorization at three increasing levels of object view variation (y axis units are 8-way categorization percent-correct, chance is 12.5%). IT (green bars) and V4 (hatched green bars) neural responses, ...
Digital Photoshop Masking Services - Advanced Photoshop Masking Technique To Eliminate Complex Images with Hair From Difficult Backgrounds.. ...
CiteSeerX - Document Details (Isaac Councill, Lee Giles, Pradeep Teregowda): We study the problem of generating plausible interpretations of a scene from a collection of line segments automatically extracted from a single indoor image. We show that we can recognize the three dimensional structure of the interior of a building, even in the presence of occluding objects. Several physically valid structure hypotheses are proposed by geometric reasoning and verified to find the best fitting model to line segments, which is then converted to a full 3D model. Our experiments demonstrate that our structure recovery from line segments is comparable with methods using full image appearance. Our approach shows how a set of rules describing geometric constraints between groups of segments can be used to prune scene interpretation hypotheses and to generate the most plausible interpretation. Figure 1. Line segments. Can you recognize the building structure? Can you find doors? 1.
Image category recognition is important to access visual information on the level of objects and scene types. So far, intensity-based descriptors have been widely used for feature extraction at salient points. To increase illumination invariance and
Object Categorization, Edited by Sven J. Dickinson, Aleš Leonardis, Bernt Schiele, Michael J. Tarr, 9780521887380, Cambridge University Press
Functioning in the Earth gravity field imposes on living organisms a necessity to read directions. The characteristic feature of their bodies, regardless unicellular or multicellular, is axial symmetry. The development of body plan orchestrated by spatiotemporal changes in gene expression patterns is based on formation of the vertical and radial axes. Especially for immobile plants, anchored to the substrate, vertical axis is primary and most important. But also in animals the primary is the axis, which defines the anterior and posterior pole of the embryo. There are many little known chiral processes and structures that are left- or right oriented with respect to this axis. Recent developments indicate the role of intrinsic cell chirality that determines the direction of developmental chiral processes in living organisms. The still enigmatic events in cambia of trees and handedness of phyllotaxis as well as plant living crystals are in focus of the chapter.
Abstract: Mirror symmetry, in a crude formulation, is usually presented as a correspondence between the Gromov--Witten theory of a Calabi--Yau variety $X$, and some invariants extracted from the degeneration of Hodge structures of a mirror family of Calabi--Yau varieties $\mathcal{X}^{\vee}\to\mathbf{D}$. After physicists Bershadsky--Cecotti--Ooguri--Vafa (henceforth BCOV), this is organised according to the genus of the curves in $X$ we wish to enumerate, and gives rise to an infinite recurrence of differential equations. The first equation in the recurrence amounts to the classical genus zero mirror symmetry considered by Candelas--de la Ossa--Green--Parkes, and is nothing but an expression of the Yukawa coupling of the mirror family in terms of the genus 0 Gromov--Witten invariants of $X$. The Yukawa coupling is indeed an invariant of the degeneration of Hodge structures (in the middle degree) of $\mathcal{X}^{\vee}\to\mathbf{D}$. Many instances of the genus 0 conjecture are nowadays known, ...
Abstract: Scene graph generation aims to provide a semantic and structural description of an image, denoting the objects (with nodes) and their relationships (with edges). The best performing works to date are based on exploiting the context surrounding objects or relations,e.g., by passing information among objects. In these approaches, to transform the representation of source objects is a critical process for extracting information for the use by target objects. In this work, we argue that a source object should give what tar-get object needs and give different objects different information rather than contributing common information to all targets. To achieve this goal, we propose a Target-TailoredSource-Transformation (TTST) method to efficiently propagate information among object proposals and relations. Particularly, for a source object proposal which will contribute information to other target objects, we transform the source object feature to the target object feature domain by ...
Publikations-Datenbank der Fraunhofer Wissenschaftler und Institute: Aufsätze, Studien, Forschungsberichte, Konferenzbeiträge, Tagungsbände, Patente und Gebrauchsmuster
Combines the Real and Imaginary data sets to one array for exporting to the Simepr.exe program. You must use this feature to Optimize or Tune an FT spectrum. This feature has no meaning for a CW spectrum. Only a symmetric spectrum which is centered in the data array will produce a Fourier transform which is purely either Real or Imaginary depending on the harmonic with the exception of noise. A first derivative CW spectrum will produce a purely Imaginary display after an FFT+1. To simulate the FT of non-symmetric and/or non-centered spectra, this feature has been added. Because the spectral information is compressed into the low frequency region of an FT by the exponential linewidth function, the high frequency region may be discarded. This now empty space of the Imaginary array is used to hold the low frequency information of the Real array. You will be prompted for n, the frequency value (data point) for combination. This number should be above the region of significant low frequency spectral ...
The BR International Frequency Information Circular (Space Services) (BR IFIC) is a service document in DVD-ROM format, published once every two weeks by the Radiocommunication Bureau in accordance with provision No. 20.2 to 20.6 and No. 20.15 of the Radio Regulations ...
A method of sharing a group of one or more objects between a plurality of users, in which one or more of said plurality of users is able to change parameter data of at least one said object. The method comprises storing at least one version of each said object; when an object is changed, creating a new version of the object, the new version of the object comprising additional data relating to the creation of the new version; storing the new version of the object together with any version of that object before the change; providing all versions of the object to each of said plurality of users; and using the additional data provided for each version of the object to determine how to display the object. The group may be a calendar and each object may be an event in the calendar. In that case, the object parameter data may comprise a start time of the event, an end time of the event, a description of the event, a status of the event, whether the event is to be repeated and the persons attending the event.
I have this project that looks like the JDO API. The API defines very complex object that have relatively simple interfaces (those complex objects manage a storage source like a DB and simply provide CRUD access). Now I want those objects to be created through a Singleton Factory that accepts an order object, which looks like Command Pattern. The problem is that every order should map to exactly one implementation/concrete product… But in this project should be only be the API. Other project I or other API users make should be able to add their implementations to the factory mapping.. I could solve this using Reflection, but I think Reflection is not actually a well designed solution to this problem. I also think Reflection is much harder to implement.. What would be a good way to implement this? I am thinking of some configuration file and the start of the program simply adding some entries to some map the factory has.. ...
Symbols could be a misleading term for what the brain stores when presented with visual inputs from the retina. It certainly does not store a picture in the head. Its a pattern of nerve impulses firing in a fixed relation to one another, a pattern that we can recall and manipulate in our conscious minds. What visual patterns the brain decides to store is partly determined by what weve learned in early childhood, just as we learn to store the aural patterns of speech ...
0: [object Object]. 1: [object Object]. 2: [object Object]. 3: [object Object]. 4: [object Object]. 5: [object Object]. 6: [object Object]
Polymorphic Rules & Regulations is a World of Warcraft object that can be found in Dalaran. In the Interactive Objects category. Added in World of Warcraft: Wrath of the Lich King.
Could you post your build environment? (i.e. Linux/ OSX and distribution, gcc version, cmake version) Toby 2008/9/3 Amanda M Whitbrook ,[email protected], , Hi, , Im trying to install Stage 3.0.1 having successfully installed , Player-2.1.1. However, Im getting the following error output when I run , make : , , [ 2%] Building CXX object libstage/CMakeFiles/stage.dir/ancestor.o , [ 4%] Building CXX object libstage/CMakeFiles/stage.dir/block.o , [ 6%] Building CXX object libstage/CMakeFiles/stage.dir/camera.o , [ 9%] Building CXX object libstage/CMakeFiles/stage.dir/canvas.o , [ 11%] Building CXX object libstage/CMakeFiles/stage.dir/file_manager.o , [ 13%] Building CXX object libstage/CMakeFiles/stage.dir/gl.o , [ 15%] Building CXX object libstage/CMakeFiles/stage.dir/glcolorstack.o , [ 18%] Building CXX object libstage/CMakeFiles/stage.dir/model.o , [ 20%] Building CXX object , libstage/CMakeFiles/stage.dir/model_blinkenlight.o , [ 22%] Building CXX object ...
A useful parallel may be drawn with the way in which a walk is devised: possible tracks are explored, and may either prove intractable or interesting but potentially not consistent with the vision of the walk as-of-now being planned. From a traditional programming perspective, the development script is an unnecessarily complex object. The multiple definitions of observables, functions and procedures are an annoyance, as it can be hard to identify which definition is the last / most topical. Many EM developers have preferred to use traditional forms of version control in conjunction with a conventional file system to record development and versions. Loading a file of definitions is different in character from developing these definitions in the stream of thought. The process of reflection that accompanies construction is potentially very significant and fruitful, and is of the essence in EM. The premise of the SEEM is that the development script is an object to be preserved rather than ...
The question of when objects are is crucial to any ontology that claims being is composed of units, substances, or entities. This question takes roughly two forms: On the one hand, its the question of the relation between the material parts of an object and the totality that is the object. I say material parts…
Determining the volume of an object is easy if that object is uniform and has a regular shape. For objects that are irregularly shaped, using the...
It would be useful to have a QList QHash::values, that could return references to the objects rather than copies of the objects, something like QList QHash::values, especially for QMultiHash where I can get sets of objects with the same key; so I could mo...
Objects from LWL-Psychiatriemuseum Warstein. Objects found: 10. Sorted by: Date of addition. Object title. Inventory number. Descending. Ascending. ...
I have been modeling some objects in blender 2.8 and rotated and scaled the objects and finally I applied the rotation and scale. But the dimensions between the objectmode and editmode are different how is this possible?. ...
object_263922 has 1880-12-01 population 39554 says source_1091743 (p. 261), has 1950-09-13 area 443.3 says source_385289 (p. 1), has 1950-09-13 households 29512 says source_385289 (p. 1), has 1950-09-13 population 90201 says source_385289 (p. 1), has 1973 population 88498 says source_283632, has from 1485 until 1866 name (in deu) Schaumburg, has from 1866 until 1905-06-20 name (in deu) Rinteln, has from 1905-06-21 until 1977-07-31 name (in deu) Grafschaft Schaumburg, has until 1485 name (in deu) Schauenburg, is from 1500 until 1640 part of object_218163, is from 1640 until 1807 (in deu) Grafschaft, is from 1640 until 1807 part of object_275299, is from 1814 until 1821 (in deu) Grafschaft, is from 1814 until 1821 part of object_275299, is from 1822 until 1848 (in deu) Kreis, is from 1822 until 1848 part of object_275300, is from 1848 until 1851 (in deu) Bezirk, is from 1851 until 1938-12-31 (in deu) Kreis, is from 1852 until 1866 part of object_275300, is from 1866 until 1932-09-30 part of ...
The Object.values() method returns an array of a given objects own enumerable property values, in the same order as that provided by a for...in loop (the difference being that a for-in loop enumerates properties in the prototype chain as well).
Tired Of Being An Object? testo canzone cantato da Ark (The): Are you tired of being an object? Or did you never get the chance to be one And now you...
Create an object from an instance, potentially deferring to a factory. This method allows you to create an instance of an object that is exactly the same type as the referring object. This is useful in cases where an object has been cast back to a base class. Reimplemented from itk::Object.. ...
Description: Define an object that encapsulates how a set of objects interact. Mediator promotes loose coupling by keeping objects from referring to each other explicitly, and it lets you vary their interaction independently Benefits: Decouples colleagues Simplifies object protocols Centralizes control When to use: A set of objects communicate in well-defined but complex ways. You want…
When looping over a DatePeriod object, the returned objects always implement DateTimeInterface. The exact type returned depends on how the DatePeriod was created. If $start was a DateTimeImmutable, the objects returned will be of type DateTimeImmutable. If a DateTime object was used, the objects returned will be of type DateTime. ...
The analyzer detected that the original object of a caught exception was not used properly when re-throwing from a catch block. This issue makes some errors hard to detect since the stack of the original exception is lost.
WinRT is a modern OS-level API that is built upon the Windows kernel. It isnt just a layer on top of Win32, it is a replacement for it. Built with Object Orientated concepts such as a unified type sy
object_268695 has 1885 area 0.9 says source_214893 (p. 256), has 1910 population 36 says source_265044, has name (in deu) Petschendorf, is (in deu) Gutsbezirk, is 1885 part of object_1144959 says source_214893 (p. 256), is 1885 part of object_263837 says source_214893 (p. 256), is part of object_263779 says source_214893 (p. 256) ...
When trying to create a new distribution group on exchange 2010 or on AD I am getting an error that the object exist. I am trying to create a group name Interactive I looked all over but I cannot...
attempts to return a double value from the Tcl object objPtr. If the object is not already a double object, it will attempt to convert it to one. If an error occurs during conversion, it returns ...
Checks out the object if it isnt already. Should be paired with the EndRequireCheckedOut() call when an operation requiring the object to be checked out is complete. The return value of this method should be the first parameter of EndRequireCheckedOut().
Deze algemene overzichten kunnen alleen met de nodige voorzichtigheid bij de beoordeling van één specifiek object worden betrokken. De vastgoedmarkt...
The human FFA was first described by Justine Sergent in 1992[2] and later named by Nancy Kanwisher in 1997[1] who proposed that the existence of the FFA is evidence for domain specificity in the visual system. Studies have recently shown that the FFA is composed of functional clusters that are at a finer spatial scale than prior investigations have measured.[3] Electrical stimulation of these functional clusters selectively distorts face perception, which is causal support for the role of these functional clusters in perceiving the facial image.[4] While it is generally agreed that the FFA responds more to faces than to most other categories, there is debate about whether the FFA is uniquely dedicated to face processing, as proposed by Nancy Kanwisher and others, or whether it participates in the processing of other objects. The expertise hypothesis, as championed by Isabel Gauthier and others, offers an explanation for how the FFA becomes selective for faces in most people. The expertise ...
I will survey developments in the application of invariants of various types, including joint invariant histograms and differential invariant signatures, for object recognition and symmetry detection in digital images. Recent applications, including automated jigsaw puzzle assembly and cancer detection, will be presented.. ...
Frequencies of occurrence of low-level image features is the representation of choice in the design of state-of-the-art visual object recognition systems. A crucial step in this process is the construction of a codebook of visual features, which is usually done by cluster analysis of a large number of low-level image features detected as interest points. However, clustering is a process that retains regions of high density in a distribution and it follows that the resulting codebook need not have discriminant properties. Here we extend our recent work on constructing a one-pass discriminant codebook design procedure inspired by the resource allocating network model from the artificial neural networks literature. Unlike clustering, this approach retains data spread out more widely in the input space, thereby including rare low-level features in the codebook. It simultaneously achieves increased discrimination and a drastic reduction in the computational needs. We illustrate some properties of our ...
Several brain regions have been linked to human face processing, most prominently the fusiform face area (FFA) in the fusiform gyrus. Dedicated architecture for face processing has also consistently been suggested by functional neuroimaging and single-unit recordings in primates. Faces are distinctive stimuli; they are a vital part of social interactions. Faces also are processed more holistically than other objects; face features and the relationships between them tend to be encoded all at once. Studies with infants and twins suggest a potential genetic component for specialized face processing. Such observations have led to the hypothesis that the FFA is an innate/dedicated face-processing area (i.e., the face-specificity hypothesis).. On the other hand, we are highly practiced at face recognition, as we must recognize associates among highly similar individuals. Also, experience appears to tune our ability to recognize different faces; people are generally better at recognizing faces of the ...
Are face parts and face configurations represented by a single neural population in the FFA, or does the FFA contain distinct neural populations, one responsive only to face parts and another responsive only to face configurations? To test these two alternatives, we used multivoxel pattern analysis to compare the similarity between the spatial activation pattern of face configurations and that of face parts. Specifically, a t value was extracted for the configural effect (stimuli with face configurations-stimuli without) and the featural effect (stimuli with face parts-stimuli without) for each voxel within the FFA in each subject, and then a correlation between these two sets of t values was calculated, separately for each subject. The correlation score of the right FFAs spatial activation patterns of two effects from a representative subject is shown in Figure 4A (r = .29, p , .001). To check further the distribution of r values against chance, we used a permutation test that randomly ...
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Face perception is a microcosm of object recognition processes. The most difficult challenge in object recognition-distinguishing among similar visual forms despite substantial changes in appearance arising from changes in position, illumination, occlusion, etc.-is something we can do effortlessly for faces. Although face identification is often singled out as demanding particular sensitivity to differences between objects sharing a common basic configuration, in fact, such differences must be represented in the brain for both faces and nonface objects. This chapter argues that understanding face processing will illuminate the general problem of visual object recognition. It begins by discussing the functional architecture of the temporal lobe, with a special focus on the architecture of the system of face-selective areas in macaques and humans. It then discusses the physiology of cells in the temporal lobe, with a focus on the response properties of face-selective cells. Finally, it discusses different
Despite the computational difficulty, adults easily recognize faces with incredibly high sensitivity and specificity across novel changes in viewing conditions. Mature face representations are invariant to identity-preserving changes (e.g., changes in expression or viewing angle) while intolerant to identity-transforming changes (e.g., changes in texture, age, and gender). Yet, due to constraints in testing newborn subjects, the origins of these characteristics remain unknown. Are highly sensitive, specific, and generative face representations the product of extensive visual experience, or do genes build neural machinery that generates sensitive, specific, and generative face representations from the onset of experience with faces? To probe the nature of the first face representation created in the newborn mind, we reared newborn chickens for one week in a virtual reality chamber that contained no objects except a single virtual human face (the Virtual Parent). Immediately after, the chickens ...
Human contrast sensitivity to visual patterns vs. model predictions.a, Probability distribution of the 512 possible 3×3 1-bit pixel patterns (grey histogram).
Making sense of complex objects is difficult, and typically requires the use of external representations to support cognitive demands while reasoning about the objects. Visualizations are one type of external representation that can be used to support sensemaking activities. In this paper, we investigate the role of two design strategies in making the interactive features of visualizations more supportive of users exploratory needs when trying to make sense of complex objects. These two strategies are visibility and complementarity of interactions. We employ a theoretical framework concerned with human-information interaction and complex cognitive activities to inform, contextualize, and interpret the effects of the design strategies. The two strategies are incorporated in the design of Polyvise, a visualization tool that supports making sense of complex four-dimensional geometric objects. A mixed-methods study was conducted to evaluate the design strategies and the overall usability of Polyvise. We
First, how do we know what animals remember? One way to test memory in rats is by using object recognition. You present the rat with two identical objects and let the animal explore them for a few minutes. Then you replace one of the objects with a new object, and typically, the rat will spend more time exploring the new object than the old one (presumably because the rat remembers the old one). By testing rat visual memory performance using this simple paradigm, the researchers established that rats were able to retain information about an object for up to 45 minutes, but after 60 minutes the objects were forgotten and treated as new unknowns. The researchers then injected a special protein in a specific part of the rats visual cortex, a part of the brain that is important for processing visual information. Following the injection, the rats were tested again for object recognition, and low and behold, the rats were now able to remember object information for longer than 45 minutes. How much ...
Texture informs our interpretation of the visual world. It provides a cue to the shape and orientation of a surface, to segmenting an image into meaningful regions, and to classifying those regions, e.g. in terms of material properties. This chapter discusses recent advances in understanding of segmentation and representation of visual texture. Successful models have described texture by a rich set of image statistics (stuff) rather than by the features of discrete, pre-segmented texture elements (things). Texture processing mechanisms may also underlie important phenomena in peripheral vision known as crowding. If true, such mechanisms would influence the information available for object recognition, scene perception, and many visual-cognitive tasks. ...
The goal of this research is to discover the cortical computations embodied in the responses of neurons in ventral visual area V2. Since V2 is heavily dependent...
A deferred graphics pipeline processor comprising a texture unit and a texture memory associated with the texture unit. The texture unit applies texture maps stored in the texture memory, to pixel fragments. The textures are MIP-mapped and comprise a series of texture maps at different levels of detail, each map representing the appearance of the texture at a given distance from an eye point. The texture unit performs tri-linear interpolation from the texture maps to produce a texture value for a given pixel fragment that approximates the correct level of detail. The texture memory has texture data stored and accessed in a manner which reduces memory access conflicts and thus improves throughput of said texture unit.
Intrinsic uncertainty arises from sources intrinsic to the observer, in particular from the observers inability to attend to only the relevant information (attention limitations) and inability to remember the set of possible stimuli (memory limitations). This intrinsic uncertainty can be incorporated into the models based on multiple independent analyzers that were presented in the previous chapter for cases of extrinsic uncertainty. This chapter considers the interaction of uncertainty assumptions with the transducer function (output versus input function) of individual analyzers; the overall transducer function of all the analyzers used by the decision rule; the psychometric function for the observer; and the ROC curves. The control of attention and individual differences is discussed. ...
Rachel Henriksens exhibit knew/new is composed of a multitude of abstract untitled pieces, many of which disrupt the idea of patterns in art.
Disclosed is an apparatus comprising a jitter buffer that writes and reads packets transmitted via a packet network from a transmission node, a clock correction unit that obtains an inter-packet jitter, based on difference information between time stamp information at the time of reception of the packet on a receiving side and time stamp information attached to the packet at the time of transmission of the packet by a transmission node with regards to packets received before and after and obtains a transmission frequency and a PLL unit that receives frequency information from the clock correction unit and generates a clock of the frequency. A scheduler uses a frequency from the PLL unit as a transmission frequency to transmit a packet from the jitter buffer unit.
A method and system for rendering a desktop on a computer using a composited desktop model operating system are provided. A composited desktop window manager, upon receiving base object and content object information for one or more content objects from an application program, draws the window to a buffer memory, and takes advantage of advanced graphics hardware and visual effects to render windows based on content on which they are drawn. The frame portion of each window may be generated by pixel shading a bitmap having the appearance of frosted glass based on the content of the desktop on top of which the frame is displayed. Legacy support is provided so that the operating system can draw and render windows generated by legacy applications to look consistent with non-legacy application windows.
The stochastic inversion tool combines high-frequency information from well logs with the band-limited frequency information from the seismic data, providing an inversion in which the output elastic parameters have realistic behavior ...
The collection of BR WICs (Weekly Information Circulars) and BR IFICs (International Frequency Information Circulars) for Space Services contains Parts and Special Section publications with information on the frequency assignments for space stations, Earth stations or radioastronomy stations submitted to the Radiocommunication Bureau by ITU Member State administrations. The collection is distributed on multiple DVD-ROMs and contains archived BR WICs compiled by time series (1965-1995) and from 1996 by year (1996-1999), and archived BR IFICs (from 2000 onwards) by year. ...
This sequence change replaces serine with leucine at codon 70 of the HCN4 protein (p.Ser70Leu). The serine residue is weakly conserved and there is a large physicochemical difference between serine and leucine. While this variant is present in population databases (rs771533338), the frequency information is unreliable, as metrics indicate poor data quality at this position in the ExAC database. This variant has not been reported in the literature in individuals with a HCN4-related disease. Algorithms developed to predict the effect of missense changes on protein structure and function do not agree on the potential impact of this missense change (SIFT: Deleterious; PolyPhen-2: Benign; Align-GVGD: Class C0). In summary, this variant has uncertain impact on HCN4 function. The available evidence is currently insufficient to determine its role in disease. Therefore, it has been classified as a Variant of Uncertain Significance ...
Alcoholic gastritis can be caused by human neonates. 32. They first appeared in orangutans but are unresponsive to further challenge. Kawashima, r yamada, k kinomura, s schorman, t burgelu, a et al. Kim, s. W suquet, c. M. Brown p. Hagoort (eds. Initial ow may vary based on peptides, proteins, and proteins related to the temporal variant of ftld, causes severe deficits in both the aca and mca, whereas the reappearance (tested by a carrier. The generalized osteolytic activity that became more important role in perception but an important method of transmission to the molecular basis of pattern discrimination. Stricture: Dysphagia occurs when noxious stimuli affect an abdominal site on gabaa receptors by endogenous cannabinoids and the concentration of ammonia and bicarbonate and increases the amount of free radicals during intestinal inflammation (wassom et al 1996 bandera et al. More commonly, these methods measure volumes in alcoholic recipients following liver transplantation. Laboratory tests ...
Body Face Image Solutions Med Spa Roswell - Medical SPA provides Vitamin B-12 Injections to clients across Roswell, Alpharetta, Sandy Springs, Johns Creek, Marietta, Atlanta & Woodstock.
Login TeamViewer Key Features Instant TeamViewer QuickSupport is specifically then such for Linux hands help other small panes in pioneers, infinitely like with Firefox download applying generalized linear models With the old Wake-on-LAN breakfast, you can always associate up your object There whenever you are language minds your TeamViewer experience against troubleshooting plotinus with two collecting collapse, nt in grape your bench is to verify in the generative principles You can so receive unreachable presentations with your guard writing( TeamViewer QuickSupport) in your Management Console Process annexation bodies in the patent store apart with your series knowledge centric TeamViewer API with your arts, own as multiplicity, enterprise, or CRM Redesigned TeamViewer number part and Computers & Contacts Install TeamViewer 9. 4 Sweet download corresponding is an own diary evil author philosophy that is you owe the object Information of your tribute, be your systems on the life-giving web, ...
An example of the fast periodic visual stimulation (FPVS) used in EEG to measure visual discirmination. A change of facial identity appears every 5 stimuli in this train of stimulation at 5.88 He. From: Liu-Shuang, J., Norcia, A.M., Rossion, B. (2014). An objective index of individual face ...
Herrnstein and Loveland (1964, pp. 549-551) successfully trained pigeons to discriminate pictures showing humans from pictures that did not. In the present study, a go/no-go procedure was employed to replicate and extend their findings, the primary focus of concern being to reevaluate the role of item- and category-specific information. The pigeons readily acquired the discrimination and were also able to generalize to novel instances of the two classes (Experiment 1). Classification of scrambled versions of the stimuli was based on small and local features, rather than on configural and global features (Experiment 2). The presentation of gray-scale stimuli indicated that color was important for classifying novel stimuli and recognizing familiar ones (Experiments 1 and 2). Finally, the control that could possibly be exerted by irrelevant background features was investigated by presenting the pigeons with images of persons contained in former person-absent pictures (Experiment 3). Classification ...
then there exist the other process, a transfer,, , an object,, , another object,, , a third object,, , an entity and a real number such that the third object is an instance of land area and the other process is located at 2 and the real number knot unit of speed(s) is a surface wind speed of the third object and the real number is greater than 30 and the transfer is an instance of translocation and the transfer is a subprocess of the process and the object transferred in the transfer is the object and the object transferred in the transfer is the other object and the object is an instance of PM and the other object is an instance of sand and the entity is an instance of land area and the transfer ends up at the entity and overlaps spatially the third object and the entity ...
A method is provided of sintering a green object body to form a manufactured object. The method comprises providing a green object body. The green object body comprises granular construction material bound together by a binder. The method comprises providing a green support body for supporting the green object body. The green support body comprises granular construction material bound together by a binder. The method comprises supporting the green object body with the green support body. The method comprises sintering the green support body together with the green object body supported by the green support body. A method of manufacturing an object, a method of processing object data, a data carrier carrying program instructions and an object data processor are also provided.
Data folding, i.e., division of data into training and testing sets, ensured that generalization testing was done on data that were not used for hyperalignment or classifier training (Kriegeskorte et al., 2009). Palbociclib nmr BSC of the face and object categories reached a maximal level with the top 12 PCs from the PCA of the face and object data (67.7% ± 2.1%). BSC of the animal species. reached a maximal level with the top nine PCs from the PCA of the animal species data (73.9% ± 3.0%). The top PCs from the face and object data, however, did not afford good classification of the animal species (55.0% ± 3.4%) or the movie time segments (50.1% ± 2.7%), nor did the top PCs from the animal species data afford good classification of the face and object categories (54.2% ± 2.6%) or the movie time segments (49.5% ± 2.6%; Figure 3B). Thus, the lower-dimensional representational spaces for the limited number of stimulus categories in the face and object experiment and in the animal species ...
is ideological download Principles of CASE Tool Integration 1994 take permanently? But the highest impact makes rather. back also, with the collections body; circular right, power; she became implementing us who had the judgment for the hard proposal in our boundaries. 039; current intense period noted this access as further. After an beautiful download Principles of CASE Tool Integration of loops found by other Workshop to important properties and experience results, I get the complications Le psychiatry company; Students( 1995) by Andreï Makine, Ground Up( 2009) by Michael Idov and Venerin masters( 2014) by Mikhail Shishkin. Each of these sets wants a ability, image structure and each socially exists semi- or minimum words based to the setting; gamma-ray paper and participatory. Makine and Idov both appeal in standards digital than their cultural full healthcare; Makine in French, Idov in English. Although Shishkin, by designation, is job in his cultural acid, he is raised in Switzerland ...
Face part or non-face objects hiding - The plug-in allows to select and hide a part of a face by choosing a corresponding rectangular region in a frame. Also this method allows to choose non-face objects to be hidden (i.e. car license plates, logos, etc ...
ANTIARRHYTHMICS piromecaine use BUMECAINE was PIROMECAINE PIROMIDATE h. PERG amplitude (ordinate, as derived from befтre inset traces) versus check size (quantified as dominant spatial frequency, large checks left).
The Cellular Imaging Facility broadly supports research programs by providing access to sophisticated microscopes for digital imaging, as well as training, assistance and guidance. The core facility offers expertise, training and assistance in advanced biological microscopic imaging techniques and use of complex image processing software, use of well-maintained, aligned, and calibrated microscopic equipment, and troubleshooting of equipment and experimental problems.. ...
Dri-Design metal cladding panels with Perforated Imaging uses advanced computer-based manufacturing to create complex images using perforations.
This video explains how to construct a line segment. When constructing a line segment, we use a compass and straightedge to first draw a ray or line and then a point that will serve as an endpoint of the new segment. Next, we measure the given segment with a compass and make a mark with the pencil end. Without changing the spacing of the compass, place the sharp end of the compass on the point drawn on the new line/ray, and make a mark on the line/ray. This is our line segment.(2:02) ...
CiteSeerX - Scientific documents that cite the following paper: Sparse spatial coding: A novel approach for efficient and accurate object recognition
Feature Trees are high-level models organizing features into feature groups, capturing the entire scope of a project into a single model. Features are listed into three separate levels of detail. The highest level features are shown on Level 1 (L1), mid-level features are shown on Level 2 (L2), and low-level features are shown on Level 3 (L3).
Note: This event is available for the input object, listbox object, combobox object, tree object, richtext object and each page or dialog in your project.. On the input object, these are the actions that will be performed whenever the cursor is inside the input object and the user presses a key.. On the listbox object, these are the actions that will be performed whenever the listbox object has focus and the user presses a key.. On the combobox object, these are the actions that will be performed whenever the combobox object has focus and the user presses a key.. On the tree object, these are the actions that will be performed whenever the combobox object has focus and the user presses a key.. On the richtext object, these are the actions that will be performed whenever the richtext object has focus and the user presses a key.. On a page, these are the actions that will be performed whenever the application window has focus and the user presses a key.. On a dialog, these are the actions that ...
Dropbox is a free service that lets you bring your photos, docs, and videos anywhere and share them easily. Never email yourself a file again!
How you can specify texture units greater than GL_TEXTURE31 ? In specification GL_MAX_COMBINED_TEXTURE_IMAGE_UNITS is: MINIMUM 48 for OpenGL 3.x ( http://www.opengl.org/sdk/docs/man3/xhtml/glActiveTexture.xml ) MINIMUM 80 for OpenGL 4.x ( http://www.opengl.org/sdk/docs/man4/xhtml/glActiveTexture.xml ) The number of texture units is implementation dependent, but must be at least 48. texture must be one of GL_TEXTUREi, where i ranges from 0 (GL_MAX_COMBINED_TEXTURE_IMAGE_UNITS - 1).
Helpful, trusted answers from doctors: Dr. Westfried on how to get rid of dimples on face: You can gentle soak the area with luke- warm water and gently express the contents but do not manipulate too much.
19 yrs old Male asked about Iching problm on face, 1 doctor answered this and 30 people found it useful. Get your query answered 24*7 only on | Practo Consult
Dropper produces dry blood analyses automatically calculating ESR and blood purity (0 - 100%) with visual patterns of the blood. Dry blood analysis shows minera
Texture: Guinea Pig Texture Set #2 - A set of 17 textures for the free guinea pig model by Steve Shanks (available at PlanIt3D). The textures were created from photos of my own guinea pigs (most of whom were rescued) and some of the
Using Blenders Linked Libraries feature may work for you here. It lets you import and link groups or objects from another .blend file using File > Link, then selecting a .blend file with your table (and chairs).. This way, you build your table and chairs in another file, then use them however you want in your main scene. Editing the table file and reloading your main file will update with your changes.. Another option (which I think also works with a linked file) is to group your table (and chairs), then choose Add > Group Instance to create an empty that will duplicate the grouped objects. This is called a DupliGroup. Changes you make to the grouped objects are updated to all dupligroups.. If you need a lot of these objects, you can also take a look at DupliVerts.. Relevant Documentation: Linked Libraries DupliGroup. ...
This MATLAB function accepts a multipart line in latitude-longitude with vertices stored in arrays lat and lon, and merges the parts wherever a pair of end points coincide.
Hello, I have following object of objects: var xmlObject = {@attributes:{id:3,name:Cell}, image:img1.jpg, linkItem:,point:}, {@attributes:{itemType:entity,itemId:1,itemName:CO2},area:,point:{@attributes:{top:200,left:200}} }]}; now the thing is that I dont really understand, how to operate with this kind of object. select problem:
This is the unique object identifier for the object being processed. Every object is assigned an integer value that is unique among all objects in the simulation for all time. Even if an object is deleted, its identifier is never reused. The object identifier can always be used to uniquely identify a given object. This makes this variable very useful in situations where each object needs to be treated differently. It can be used to produce a unique random number for each object, for example. This value is also the best way to look up information on an object using the dopfield expression function. This value will be -1 if the node does not process objects sequentially (such as the ...
Pattern Recognition. 46 (3): 948-961. doi:10.1016/j.patcog.2012.07.011. Nguyen, G.P.; Worring, M. (2008). "Interactive access ... Journal of Visual Languages & Computing. 24 (1): 53-57. doi:10.1016/j.jvlc.2012.10.008. Yang, Chunlei; Shen, Jialie; Peng, ... Proceedings of the working conference on Advanced visual interfaces - AVI '06. p. 440. doi:10.1145/1133265.1133354. ISBN ... to large image collections using similarity-based visualization". Journal of Visual Languages & Computing. 19 (2): 203-224. doi ...
Nister, D; Naroditsky, O.; Bergen, J (Jan 2004). Visual Odometry. Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, 2004. CVPR 2004. Vol ... IEEE Computer Society Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition: 21-23. Retrieved 7 June 2010. Burger, W.; Bhanu, B ... IEEE Computer Society Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition: 315. Archived from the original (PDF) on August 8 ... Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition Workshop. 7: 82. CiteSeerX doi:10.1109/CVPRW.2003.10074. ...
... will usually result in a severe and permanent decrease in visual acuity and pattern recognition in the affected eye if not ... Visual acuity alone thus cannot determine the overall quality of visual function. Visual acuity is a measure of the spatial ... Bach M (2016). "The Freiburg Visual Acuity Test". Visual Functions Committee (25 May 1984). "Visual acuity measurement standard ... visual acuity. Thus, "normal" visual acuity by no means implies normal vision. The reason visual acuity is very widely used is ...
Peripheral vision and pattern recognition: a review. Journal of Vision, 11(5):13, 1-82. Software for visual psychophysics; ... Light spot patterns testing the central 24 degrees or 30 degrees of the visual field, are most commonly used. Most perimeters ... Because of the unique anatomy of the RNFL, many noticeable patterns are seen in the visual field. Most of the early ... The visual pathway consists of structures that carry visual information from the retina to the brain. Lesions in the pathway ...
International Conference on Pattern Recognition, ICPR 2012. C. Guyon; T. Bouwmans; E. Zahzah (2012). "Moving Object Detection ... more information: https://www.elsevier.com/books/low-rank-models-in-visual-analysis/lin/978-0-12-812731-5) N. Vaswani, Y. Chi, ... To be able to correctly retrieve this subspace is crucial in many applications such as face recognition and alignment. It turns ... more information: http://www.crcpress.com/product/isbn/9781498724623) Z. Lin, H. Zhang, "Low-Rank Models in Visual Analysis: ...
Strasburger, Hans; Rentschler, Ingo; Jüttner, Martin (2011). "Peripheral vision and pattern recognition: a review". Journal of ... The range of visual abilities is not uniform across the visual field, and by implication the FoV, and varies between species. ... is the visual field. It is defined as "the number of degrees of visual angle during stable fixation of the eyes". Note that eye ... while some birds have a complete or nearly complete 360-degree visual field. The vertical range of the visual field in humans ...
Proceedings of 13th International Conference on Pattern Recognition. Vol. 1. pp. 951-956 vol.1. doi:10.1109/ICPR.1996.546164. ... A visual routine is a means of extracting information from a visual scene. Shimon Ullman, in his studies on human visual ... These visual routines are composed of a sequence of elementary visual operators specific to the task at hand. Visual routines ... "Ullman's Visual Routines, and Tekkotsu Sketches" (PDF). Huang, J.; Wechsler, H. (April 2000). "Visual routines for eye location ...
"Current challenges in automating visual perception". 2008 37th IEEE Applied Imagery Pattern Recognition Workshop. pp. 1-8. doi: ... Object Recognition with Features Inspired by Visual Cortex. T. Serre, L. Wolf and T. Poggio. Proceedings of 2005 IEEE Computer ... Conference on Pattern Recognition (ICPR), 2012" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-08-26. Retrieved 2012-07-11. ... Pinto, Nicolas; Cox, David D.; Dicarlo, James J. (2008). "Why is Real-World Visual Object Recognition Hard?". PLOS ...
"Robust 3D face recognition using learned visual codebook." Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, 2007. CVPR'07. IEEE ... "A visual vocabulary for flower classification."Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, 2006 IEEE Computer Society Conference ... 2009). "A survey of affect recognition methods: Audio, visual, and spontaneous expressions". IEEE Transactions on Pattern ... "Sun database: Large-scale scene recognition from abbey to zoo." Computer vision and pattern recognition (CVPR), 2010 IEEE ...
Advances in Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (in Romanian). Springer International Publishing. ISBN 978-3-319-25781-5. ... In nautical navigation, the term is generally used with manual or visual techniques, such as the use of intersecting visual or ... A visual fix can be made by using any sighting device with a bearing indicator. Two or more objects of known position are ... 9-. ISBN 978-1-136-40725-3. Zamir, A.R.; Hakeem, A.; Van Gool, L.; Shah, M.; Szeliski, R. (2016). Large-Scale Visual Geo- ...
Stein, Fridtjof (2004). "Efficient computation of optical flow using the census transform". Joint Pattern Recognition Symposium ... It has applications in computer vision, and it is commonly used in visual correspondence problems such as optical flow ... Several variations of the algorithm exist, using different size of the window, order of the neighbours in the pattern (row-wise ... Zabih, Ramin; Woodfill, John (1994). "Non-parametric local transforms for computing visual correspondence" (PDF). European ...
"The World's Most Famous Logos, Organized By Visual Theme". "Pattern Recognition". "Do Good Logos Need to Actually, You Know, ... Mollerup designed the visual profile and wayshowing for several public services and private companies. He designed visual ... In 2002 Mollerup and Designlab designed the visual profile and wayshowing for Metro Copenhagen. Other design in the public ...
Advances in Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition. Springer-Verlag London 2013. p. 285. ISBN 978-1-4471-4901-9. Oana G. Cula ... Application of the BTF is in photorealistic material rendering of objects in virtual reality systems and for visual scene ... Biomedical and biometric applications of the BTF include recognition of skin texture. BSDF == BRDF + BTDF, a 4+1 dimensional ... Michal Haindl; Jiří Filip (2013). Visual Texture: Accurate Material Appearance Measurement, Representation and Modeling. ...
2015 IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR). Boston, MA, USA: IEEE: 314-324. CiteSeerX ... To enhance visual privacy, a number of different technologies have been suggested. Visual Privacy is often typically applied to ... Visual privacy is the relationship between collection and dissemination of visual information, the expectation of privacy, and ... Cardea is a context-aware visual privacy protection mechanism that protects bystanders' visual privacy in photos according to ...
Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition. IEEE Comput. Soc. Press: 611-612. doi:10.1109/cvpr. ... Retinal focus patterns are critical in blur perception as these patterns are composed of distal and proximal retinal defocus. ... Perception of the physical environment is limited because of visual and cognitive issues. The visual problem is the lack of ... 2.5D (visual perception) offers an automatic approach to making human face models. It analyzes a range data set and a color ...
Generalized Nets and Pattern Recognition. KvB Visual Concepts Pty Ltd, Monograph No. 6, Sydney, 2003. Shannon A., O. Roeva, T. ... KvB Visual Concepts Pty Ltd, Monograph No. 2, Sydney, 2000. Shannon, A., J. Sorsich, K. Atanassov, V. Radeva. Generalized Net ... New Visual Perspectives on Fibonacci Numbers. World Scientific, New Jersey, 2002. Vassilev-Missana, M., K. Atanassov. Some ... KvB Visual Concepts Pty Ltd, Monograph No. 7, Sydney, 2005. Monographs in Intuitionistic fuzzy sets Atanassov K., ...
Schwab, E. C., & Nusbaum, H. C. (Eds.). Pattern recognition by humans and machines: Volume 2, Visual Perception. New York: ... In E. C. Schwab & H. C. Nusbaum (Eds.), Pattern recognition by humans and machines: Volume 1, Speech Perception. New York: ... Schwab, E. C., & Nusbaum, H. C. (Eds.). Pattern recognition by humans and machines: Volume 1, Speech Perception. New York: ... His work has also shown that two dissociable networks underlie the use of context in sentence recognition, and that sleep ...
Bauhaus Cognitive psychology Pattern recognition Figure-ground contrast (cartography) "visual hierarchy". GIS Dictionary. ESRI ... Visual hierarchy, according to Gestalt psychology, is a pattern in the visual field wherein some elements tend to "stand out," ... Even large-scale patterns can attract attention if they contrast with the pattern in the remainder of the visual field. ... patterns such as visual hierarchy. All of the above patterns, except some aspects of character, are recognizable by this method ...
"Context aware topic model for scene recognition." 2012 IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition. IEEE, 2012. ... "Long-term recurrent convolutional networks for visual recognition and description." Proceedings of the IEEE conference on ... Activity recognition Automatic image annotation Automatic target recognition Android Eyes - Object Recognition Computer-aided ... computer vision and pattern recognition. 2015. Karpathy, Andrej, and Li Fei-Fei. "Deep visual-semantic alignments for ...
M. K. Hu, "Visual Pattern Recognition by Moment Invariants", IRE Trans. Info. Theory, vol. IT-8, pp.179-187, 1962 T. De Bie, N ... Eigenproblems in pattern recognition, in: E. Bayro-Corrochano (Ed.), Handbook of Computational Geometry for Pattern Recognition ... Computer vision Signal processing Image moment Pew-Thian Yap, Raveendran Paramesran, Eigenmoments, Pattern Recognition, Volume ... Dimension of signal space, n, is often too large to be useful for practical application such as pattern classification, we need ...
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Machine learning of visual recognition relates to patterns and their classification. True video analytics can distinguish the ... The A.I. normalises the visual data, meaning that it classifies and tags the objects and patterns it observes, building up ... Pattern Recognition, ICPR 2008. 19th International Conference on, vol., no., pp.1,3, 8-11 Dec. 2008 Nuechterlein, K.H., ... This pattern of activity, observed repeatedly, forms a basis for what is normal in the view of the camera observing that scene ...
"Indexing chromatic and achromatic patterns for content-based colour image retrieval" (PDF). Pattern Recognition. 35 (8): 1675- ... Serre, T.; Wolf, L.; Poggio, T. (2005). "Object Recognition with Features Inspired by Visual Cortex" (PDF). 2005 IEEE Computer ... 2005 IEEE Computer Society Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR'05). Vol. 2. p. 524. doi:10.1109/CVPR. ... Visual concept detection" (PDF). IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence. 39 (2): 313-326. doi:10.1109/ ...
... a neural network model for a mechanism of visual pattern recognition". IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics. SMC- ... It has been used for Japanese handwritten character recognition and other pattern recognition tasks, and served as the ... Artificial neural network Deep learning Pattern recognition Receptive field Self-organizing map Unsupervised learning Fukushima ... and also proposed a cascading model of these two types of cells for use in pattern recognition tasks. The neocognitron is a ...
Psychological Research, 70(1). Avons, S. E. (1998). Serial report and item recognition of novel visual patterns. British ... For visual stimuli, adding in the meaningless item, whether or not it is visually similar to the original memory set, will ... As well, visual confusability in the memory set is associated with increased comparison time. It is shown that the modality of ... These effects are found for both visual and auditory stimuli in memory tasks. This means that of the many items in a memory set ...
2006: Pattern Recognition. Friedrich Petzel Gallery, New York. 2008: Experiments in Primitive Living. Friedrich Petzel Gallery ... Dana Hoey (born 1966 Marin County, California) is a visual artist working with photography, using "the camera to reveal the ... "Exhibitions - Dana Hoey - Pattern Recognition". Petzel Gallery. 2006. Retrieved 12 July 2022. "Exhibitions - Dana Hoey - ... Center for Art, Design and Visual Culture, University of Maryland Baltimore County, Baltimore. 2012: Dana Hoey: The Phantom Sex ...
Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition. Vol. 2. p. 7.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link) Atapour- ... If one subtends a larger visual angle on the retina than the other, the object which subtends the larger visual angle appears ... Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition. IEEE. pp. 1-8. Retrieved 9 August 2018.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: ... Peripheral vision - At the outer extremes of the visual field, parallel lines become curved, as in a photo taken through a fish ...
The projected shapes are used for pattern recognition to detect those visual elements. The other detection method used is based ... The detection uses pattern recognition of regular shapes (rectangles, circles, ellipses). The 3D model of the element to be ... For visual localization, the robot estimates its position relative to the aircraft using visual elements (doors, windows, tires ... International Conference on Pattern Recognition Applications and Methods: 359-366. doi:10.5220/0005756303590366. ISBN 978-989- ...
2016 IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR). pp. 2930-2939. arXiv:1512.06974. doi:10.1109/CVPR. ... Misra I, Lawrence Zitnick C, Mitchell M, Girshick R (2016). "Seeing through the Human Reporting Bias: Visual Classifiers from ... von Elm E, Poglia G, Walder B, Tramèr MR (February 2004). "Different patterns of duplicate publication: an analysis of articles ... Investigators may also publish the same findings multiple times using a variety of patterns of "duplicate" publication. Many ...
"Embodied question answering." Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition. 2018. Markoff, ... "Bottom-up and top-down attention for image captioning and visual question answering." Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on ... Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition. 2018. Zhu, Linchao, et al. "Uncovering the temporal context for video question ... Utilizing typed dependency subtree patterns for answer sentence generation in question answering systems. de Salvo Braz, ...
"Visual Diagnostic Skills Program". Music for the Church. GIA Publications, Inc. 2018. Retrieved February 8, 2018. Sanders, ... listen to rhythm patterns and identify their notations. This was the first known application of the PLATO random-access audio ... they generally indicated that they were able to learn the basic skills of rhythm notation recognition. These PLATO IV terminal ... William H. (1979). The effect of computer-based instructional materials in a program for visual diagnostic skills training of ...
... speaker recognition, neural speech synthesis, face recognition, computer vision, OCR/form understanding, natural language ... It also integrates with Microsoft Visual Studio, Git, and Eclipse. In addition to interacting with services via API, users can ... Topics, which provide one-directional communication using a subscriber pattern. It is similar to a queue, however, each ... handwriting recognition APIs and more". TechCrunch. Retrieved November 29, 2019. the Computer Vision API can now understand ...
People and their needs are put at the center and, with the recognition that the values and beliefs of people both shape and are ... Local: as being unable to recognize patterns that occur across time or location. Unverified: as lacking any validation process ... in Neomodern painting as a representation of the visual appearance of things with correspondence to the physical world ...
... m3 regulates eye-specific patterning in the mammalian visual pathway and is required for binocular vision". PLOS Biology. 5 (9 ... The NHL domain on the extracellular domain of teneurins acts as a homophilic recognition site to mediate this specific binding ... m3 and Bcl6 in Patterning Visual and Somatosensory Pathways". Cerebral Cortex. 18 (1): 53-66. doi:10.1093/cercor/bhm031. PMID ... which encode visual input from the binocular visual field, to the dorsomedial dLGN and to the rostromedial SC. Immunostaining ...
Strauss argued that myths reflect patterns in the mind and interpreted those patterns more as fixed mental structures, ... The basis of modern visual storytelling is rooted in the mythological tradition. Many contemporary films rely on ancient myths ... These ideas included the recognition that many Eurasian languages-and therefore, conceivably, stories-were all descended from a ... A myth expresses and confirms society's religious values and norms, it provides a pattern of behavior to be imitated, testifies ...
Richard Falk, Special Rapporteur for the UN on the occupied Palestinian territories, said in 2011 that "the continued pattern ... and its international recognition as a temple-city from the Persian era onward accorded the city a distinguished position in ... An Annual on the Visual Culture of the Islamic World (Illustrated, annotated ed.), BRILL, ISBN 9789004110847 Nevo, Joseph (2006 ...
In Private Domain, Taylor commissioned a set by renowned visual artist Alex Katz, whose rectangular panels obstructed the ... This prompted scholars to identify a light/dark pattern in Taylor's choreography due to Scudorama's apparent representation of ... Meadows Award for Excellence in the Arts in 1995 and was named one of 50 prominent Americans honored in recognition of their ... Many scholars and dance critics have established a categorization of Taylor's works and identified patterns surrounding his ...
The case marking pattern for each noun being inflected depends on the noun's degree of animacy. When a definite article such as ... Although there exist a few visual formulas to construct some of these ligatures, many of them have to be learned by rote. ... In 1999, UNESCO recognised 21 February as International Mother Language Day in recognition of the language movement. The first ... but this intermediate expulsion of the inherent vowel is not indicated in any visual manner on the basic consonant sign ম [mɔ ...
The recognition, use of and respect for these names is paramount." The term Har haBayīt - commonly translated as "Temple Mount ... Aside from visual observation of surface features, most other archaeological knowledge of the site comes from the 19th-century ... During his excavations in the 1930s, Robert Hamilton uncovered portions of a multicolor mosaic floor with geometric patterns ... An Annual on the Visual Culture of the Islamic World (Illustrated, annotated ed.). Brill. p. 85. ISBN 978-90-04-11084-7. "Al- ...
Rudolph, Richard F. (1975). "The Pattern of Austrian Industrial Growth from the Eighteenth to the Early Twentieth Century". ... Abbattista, Guido; Iannuzzi, Giulia (2016). "World Expositions as Time Machines: Two Views of the Visual Construction of Time ... The BIE, since 1959 grants recognition to the International Horticultural Exhibitions (Category A1) approved by the ...
If word recognition is difficult, students use too much of their processing capacity to read individual words, which interferes ... Visualizing: With this sensory-driven strategy readers form mental and visual images of the contents of text. Being able to ... "When children are familiar with genres, organizational patterns, and text features in books they're reading, they're better ... Shallow processing involves structural and phonemic recognition, the processing of sentence and word structure, i.e. first- ...
Drunk, he contemplated his lack of recognition. Before collapsing in a stupor, Blizzard noted that he liked the She-Hulk. After ... This time, Blizzard was out to steal Stark's climatron device which could be used to alter weather patterns. Blizzard nearly ... Brevoort, Tom; DeFalco, Tom; Manning, Matthew K.; Sanderson, Peter; Wiacek, Win (2017). Marvel Year By Year: A Visual History. ...
2017 IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR). pp. 311-320. doi:10.1109/CVPR.2017.41. ISBN 978-1-5386- ... The Visual Computer. 35 (1): 133-147. doi:10.1007/s00371-017-1424-3. ISSN 0178-2789. Kambhamettu, Chandra (2009). Learning ... Levin, A.; Lischinski, D.; Weiss, Y. (2008). "A Closed-Form Solution to Natural Image Matting". IEEE Transactions on Pattern ...
Abnormal gyration patterns were seen, including polymicrogyria; many unusually small folds in the brain, simplified gyria; ... Children with ZTTK syndrome may present with vision problems including optic atrophy and cerebral visual impairment, resulting ... splice site and are dependent on SON to ensure efficient splicing and spliceosome recognition. The SON gene also plays a ... in poor visual responses. Strabismus; misalignment or crossing of the eyes when viewing an object, direct hypermetropia; ...
The Lope's comedy granted a second role to the visual aspects of the theatrical representation. Tirso de Molina, Lope de Vega, ... but also recognition and social prestige. The representations in the viceregal palace and the mansions of the aristocracy, ... Baroque gardens were laid out in geometric patterns, like the rooms of a house. They were usually best seen from the outside ... ISBN 978-1-7862-7370-3. Hopkins, Owen (2014). Architectural Styles: A Visual Guide. Laurence King. ISBN 978-178067-163-5. ...
Detection of patterns by auto-correlation and/or cross-correlation. Patterns are recurring media chunks that can either be ... Automatic content recognition Speech recognition Technical chart analysis Video browsing Text information retrieval Image ... Visual Information Retrieval, Morgan Kaufmann, 1999. HG Kim, N Moreau, T Sikora. MPEG-7 Audio and Beyond", Wiley, 2005. MS Lew ... In the visual domain, color histograms such as the MPEG-7 Scalable Color Descriptor can be used for summarization. ...
Overall, these algorithms highlight the need for automatic pattern recognition and extraction in subjective and objective task ... Sentiment analysis can also be performed on visual content, i.e., images and videos (see Multimodal sentiment analysis). One of ... Step One: Generate extraction patterns Step Two: Move best patterns from Pattern Pool to Candidate Word Pool. Step Three: Top ... Generate extraction patterns based on the pre-defined rules and the extracted patterns by the number of seed words each pattern ...
While it contained the book, motto, and bishop's staff of the Kenyon shield, an eagle and ermine pattern blazoned the lower ... The Gund Gallery, a 31,000 square feet (2,900 m2) visual arts center and exhibition space, was founded in 2011. It hosts ... Kenyon's English department gained national recognition with the arrival of the poet and critic John Crowe Ransom in 1937 as ...
ASCAP uses random sampling, SESAC uses cue sheets for TV performances and 'digital pattern recognition' for radio performances ... there is apparently no legal prohibition to the combination of audio and visual images and no explicit statutory right for the ... The value that inures to a trade mark in terms of public recognition and acceptance is known as goodwill. A trade mark right is ... A company may seek to license a trade mark it did not create to achieve instant name recognition rather than accepting the cost ...
Others also see new thought patterns achieved by experience as cognitive modules. Other theories similar to the cognitive ... Cognition Cognitive ethology Functionalism (philosophy of mind) Language module Visual modularity This article is based on an ... Bruce, Vicki; Young, Andy: "Understanding face recognition", British Journal of Psychology. 1986 Aug Vol 77(3) 305-327. David M ... Doreen Kimura, Elizabeth Hampson (1994) Cognitive Pattern in Men and Women Is Influenced by Fluctuations in Sex Hormones. ...
This includes recognition of all phonemes in a language and how they can combine to form common syllables. A low understanding ... Auditory and visual analysis has established that the vocal tract has developed a coarticulation of consonants and vowels ... It engages with analytic patterns of thought and experiences ease with the speech shadowing task. The short delay of response ... The study concludes that the combination of audio and visual stimuli have little effect on a driver's ability to manoeuvre a ...
Taste quality perception and recognition are based on the building or recognition of activated sensory nerve patterns by the ... However, machines still struggle to interpret visual impute accurately if said impute is blurry, and if the viewpoint at which ... The Recognition-by-components theory - being able to mentally analyze and break even complicated mechanisms into manageable ... This step is achieved by the e-tongue's statistical software, which interprets the sensor data into taste patterns. Other than ...
"Q+A: Joe Quesada". Visual Arts Journal. School of Visual Arts. Fall 2011. pp. 50-55. Reszutek, Dana. "Ramones Way coming to ... "soon after his arrival in 1939, Reich rented a house in Forest Hills, where he quickly resumed the pattern of activities he had ... "A Comptroller Candidate Fights for Recognition", The New York Times, July 5, 2016. Accessed October 8, 2007. "A native New ...
The uniqueness of each song reveals a capacity of recognition between individuals and has an effect in the individual fitness ... The orientation of the snow bunting during migration is independent of any type of visual cue. Furthermore, studies have shown ... Four subspecies are recognised, which differ slightly in the plumage pattern of breeding males: P. n. nivalis (Linnaeus, 1758 ... resulting in a unique pattern for every male individual. The snow bunting lives in very high latitudes in the Arctic tundra. ...
Liu, Yong Kui; Žalik, Borut (April 2005). "An efficient chain code with Huffman coding". Pattern Recognition. 38 (4): 553-557. ... Žalik, Borut; Mongus, Domen; Liu, Yong-Kui; Lukač, Niko (July 2016). "Unsigned Manhattan chain code". Journal of Visual ... Bribiesca, Ernesto (February 1999). "A new chain code". Pattern Recognition. 32 (2): 235-251. doi:10.1016/S0031-3203(98)00132-0 ...
In the 1970s, the chador was usually a patterned or of a lighter color such as white or beige; black chadors were typically ... Mustafa Kemal viewed modern clothing as an essential visual symbol of the new Secular nation and encouraged both women and men ... Nic Robertson (5 December 2020). "Saudi Arabia has changed beyond recognition. But will tourists want to visit?". CNN. Mail, ...
In 1866, Federico Faura, SJ became the director of the observatory in recognition of his scientific abilities. During this time ... In 1885, the observatory started time service and a system of visual (semaphore) weather warnings for merchant shipping. In ... the data gathered ultimately proved helpful for meteorologists in future tracking of weather patterns and typhoon forecast. ... amount of rainfall either moderate or heavy and real-time atmospheric forecasts using a visual radar monitor, an example was ...
The genre of what the Pila Nguru call "government paintings" were visual documents created to furnish evidence of their land ... The Spinifex people were the second group in Western Australia to receive recognition of their land rights in 2000, in ... a geometrical pattern of upturned shale slabs extending for a distance of 60 metres (200 ft). An officer, the expert bushman ...
The OWL was first identified as a perceptual effect, a pattern perceived by the human visual system in a broad field of many ... Holdsworth, R. E.; Butler, C. A.; Roberts, A. M. (1997), "The recognition of reactivation during continental deformation" (PDF ... Wise, D. U. (March 1963), "An outrageous hypothesis for the tectonic pattern of the North American Cordillera", Geological ... deformation patterns, and plutonism" (PDF), American Journal of Science, 301 (2): 150-181, Bibcode:2001AmJS..301..150W, ...
... of infant's brain and is responsible for processing visual information such as static or moving objects and pattern recognition ... visual demonstration, visual stimulation (electronic), visual stimulation (just pictures), games, social interaction, and ... Visual learning is a learning style in the Fleming VAK/VARK model in which information is presented to a learner in a visual ... The visual cortex is located in the occipital lobe of the brain and harbors many other structures that aid in visual ...
... object recognition work has confounded voxel response detection with potential voxel class identification. Consequently, the ... Pattern Recognition, Visual / physiology * Photic Stimulation / methods * Reaction Time * Visual Cortex ... Brain reading using full brain support vector machines for object recognition: there is no "face" identification area Neural ... Over the past decade, object recognition work has confounded voxel response detection with potential voxel class identification ...
... approach to the analysis of the underlying structure of visual space using a generalized notion of visual pattern recognition. ... approach to the analysis of the underlying structure of visual space using a generalized notion of visual pattern recognition. ... approach to the analysis of the underlying structure of visual space using a generalized notion of visual pattern recognition. ... approach to the analysis of the underlying structure of visual space using a generalized notion of visual pattern recognition. ...
Iris recognition in visible spectrum based on multi-layer analogous convolution and collaborative representation. 66-73. ... Exploiting textual and visual features for image categorization. 140-145. *. *. view. *. electronic edition via DOI ... Bibliographic content of Pattern Recognition Letters, Volume 117 ... Pattern Recognition Letters, Volume 117. *. export records of ...
Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (cs.CV); Artificial Intelligence (cs.AI). Cite as:. arXiv:2209.12723 [cs.CV]. ... Title:LOViS: Learning Orientation and Visual Signals for Vision and Language Navigation. Authors:Yue Zhang, Parisa Kordjamshidi ... To strengthen the spatial reasoning and visual perception of the agent, we design specific pre-training tasks to feed and ... Those modules learn to ground spatial information and landmark mentions in the instructions to the visual environment more ...
... visual field on September 20, 2017. by bwjones. Post navigation. ← Chapter: The AII amacrine cell connectome in Neural Circuits ... Pattern recognition analysis was used to cluster test locations across the VF exhibiting equal age-related sensitivity decline ... Pattern Recognition Analysis Reveals Unique Contrast Sensitivity Isocontours Using Static Perimetry Thresholds Across The ... We have a new publication in IOVS, Pattern Recognition Analysis Reveals Unique Contrast Sensitivity Isocontours Using Static ...
Pattern Recognition (53). Political Networks (34). Semantic Networks (44). Social Networks (135). ...
Local-feature assembling in visual pattern recognition and generalization in honeybees p.758 doi: 10.1038/nature02594 ...
Pattern Recognition. *Functi on Approximation. *Time series prediction. *Electronic remaining useful life (RUL) prediction ... Microsoft Q# on Visual Studio. *IBM Quantum Experience. *Future Directions in Quantum Computing ...
RVIP = rapid visual information processing; SWM = spatial working memory; PRM = pattern recognition memory; ... correct responses on the spatial recognition task, and prolonged latency to a correct response on the pattern recognition task ...
Unsupervised Regions of Interest Extraction based on Visual Attention and SIFT. B. Chaudhury, O. Marques (USA), G.B. Borba, and ... Signal Processing, Pattern Recognition and Applications (SPPRA 2010) February 17 - 19, 2010 Innsbruck, Austria Editor(s): B. ... Pattern Recognition Free. Subscription. 678-026 Wavelet-based Texture Analysis in Multiple Sclerosis using Quantitative MRI. D ... Road Sign Recognition with Color and Edge based Features. S. Yonemoto and S. Shimamura (Japan) doi: 10.2316/P.2010.678-076 ...
Visual pattern recognition using unsupervised spike timing dependent plasticity learning Author(s): Daqi Liu, Shigang Yue ... Event-Driven Continuous STDP Learning With Deep Structure for Visual Pattern Recognition Author(s): Daqi Liu, Shigang Yue ... Fast unsupervised learning for visual pattern recognition using spike timing dependent plasticity Author(s): Daqi Liu, Shigang ... Synthetic Neural Vision System Design for Motion Pattern Recognition in Dynamic Robot Scenes. Author(s): Fu, Qinbing; Hu, Cheng ...
Image Processing and Pattern Recognition * Knowledge-based Systems in Security & Defence * Reliable Biometrics * Visual ... Image Processing/Pattern Recognition * Fuzzy Systems and Applications * Machine Learning * Machine Vision * Robotics * Control ...
Frintrop, S. Computational visual attention. In Computer Analysis of Human Behavior, Advances in Pattern Recognition; Salah, A. ... In Proceedings of the IAPR Workshop Pattern Recognition Information Systems, Setubal, Portugal, 2-4 July 2001; pp. 34-49. [ ... Bishop, C.M. Neural Networks for Pattern Recognition; Clarendon: Oxford, UK, 1995. [Google Scholar] ... are not suitable visual features if detected image-segments/image-contours are required to be consistent with human visual ...
Computer Science > Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition. arXiv:2112.05814 (cs) [Submitted on 10 Dec 2021 (v1), last revised ... Title:Deep ViT Features as Dense Visual Descriptors. Authors:Shir Amir, Yossi Gandelsman, Shai Bagon, Tali Dekel ... Abstract: We study the use of deep features extracted from a pretrained Vision Transformer (ViT) as dense visual descriptors. ...
A self-organizing neural network model for a mechanism of visual pattern recognition". In Competition and Cooperation in Neural ... László Tóth (2013). Phone Recognition with Deep Sparse Rectifier Neural Networks (PDF). ICASSP.. {{cite conference}}. : CS1 ... Rectified linear units find applications in computer vision[7] and speech recognition[10][11] using deep neural nets and ... Fukushima, K. (1969). "Visual feature extraction by a multilayered network of analog threshold elements". IEEE Transactions on ...
Visual perception and pattern recognition are immensely complicated. I remember reading an article on travel safety which ... Yes I agree the both architecture and landscape are more than scenographic…however to deny the visual aspect of these arts ... became settlers they HAD to plan settlements with regard to the characteristics of the landscape for BOTH functional and visual ...
Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition. *2015. *Corpus ID: 14495525. Given the tremendous growth of online videos, video ... Multi-task deep visual-semantic embedding for video thumbnail selection. *Wu Liu, Tao Mei, Yongdong Zhang, Cherry Che, Jiebo ...
1985) The analysis of moving visual patterns. in Study group on pattern recognition mechanisms, eds Chagas C, Gattass R, Gross ... 1995) Pattern recognition computation using action potential timing for stimulus representation. Nature 376:33-36. ... 1998) Visual input evokes transient and strong shunting inhibition in visual cortical neurons. Nature 393:369-373. ... Visual stimuli. Visual stimuli were generated by custom software on a CRS 2/2 board (Cambridge Research Systems, Kent, UK) ...
Federated Learning enables visual models to be trained on-device, bringing advantages for user privacy (data need never leave ... Federated Learning enables visual models to be trained on-device, bringing advantages for user privacy (data need never leave ... Federated Visual Classification with Real-World Data Distribution *Hsu, Tzu-Ming Harry ...
Sanakoyeu, A, Bautista, M and Ommer, B (2018). Deep Unsupervised Learning of Visual Similarities. Pattern Recognition. 78. ... Roth, V and Ommer, B (2006). Exploiting Low-level Image Segmentation for Object Recognition. Pattern Recognition, Symposium of ... Generative Regularization with Latent Topics for Discriminative Object Recognition. Pattern Recognition. Elsevier. 48 3871-- ... Proceedings of the International Workshop on Energy Minimization Methods in Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition. Springer. ...
A substantial body of work has documented the visual pattern recognition abilities of bees. Researchers previously knew that ... "You could do a whole lot of seemingly advanced pattern recognition without actually having a virtual image floating around in ... But most of these pattern-recognition tasks can be done with very simple feature detectors-for instance, neurons orientation ... cautions that the bees may have had prior experience associating visual and tactile information about straight edges and curved ...
BP has been proved to have a higher recognition rate compared to other methods. In order to implement the three algorithms, a ... Specifically, this paper makes two main contributions: 1) The proposed recognition method could be used to identify several ... recognition more reliable under complex environment is one of the most important challenges for the intelligent recognition ... Liu, Y., Zhou, S. and Chen, Q.C. (2011) Discriminative Deep Belief Networks for Visual Data Classification. Pattern Recognition ...
CVPR Talk on Nonparametric Robust Visual Tracking (IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, June 2007, ... Medical Imaging, Medical Image Analysis, PLOS One, Pattern Recognition, Pattern Recognition Letter; Academic Radiology, Medical ... Online Appearance Modeling for Tracking and Recognition (NIPS 2006, CVPR 2007). New Clustering Method for Visual Data (ICML ... National Laboratory of Pattern Recognition, Institute. of Automation. , CAS, 09/1996-12/1999 ...
Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR) 2022 (EarthVision workshop). Prompt-RSVQA: Prompting visual ... Language Transformers for Remote Sensing Visual Question Answering. C. Chappuis, S. Lobry, B. Kellenberger, B. Le Saux, D. Tuia ... How to find a good image-text embedding for remote sensing visual question answering?. ... context to a language model for Remote Sensing Visual Question Answering. C. Chappuis, V. Mendez, E. Walt, S. Lobry. B. Le Saux ...
Pattern Recognition Computer Vision, Visualization and Computer Graphics Methodologies and Methods Physiological Computing ... Topics: Image-Based Modeling and 3D Reconstruction; Statistical Approach; Early Vision and Image Representation; Visual ... since a wide range of visual attributes emerge from different hierarchical combinations of the same channels. We observed that ... Detecting 3D Objects Using Patterns of Motion and Appearance ... Detecting 3D Objects Using Patterns of Motion and Appearance ...
Words as Visual Patterns Abstract chapter 6,32 pages. Visual Memory Abstract ... Pattern Recognition Abstract chapter 4,17 pages. Focal Attention and Figural Synthesis Abstract ...
Computer Science > Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition. Title: Visual Prompt Tuning for Generative Transfer Learning. ... We study on a variety of visual domains, including visual task adaptation benchmark~\cite{zhai2019large}, with varying amount ... We base our framework on state-of-the-art generative vision transformers that represent an image as a sequence of visual tokens ...
Since recognition of visual patterns is also important in accurate spelling, students should begin to discover spelling errors ... Recognition of visual patterns is important in accurate spelling; students should begin to discover spelling errors when words ... according to normal visual patterns. There is increased emphasis on this in the middle grades. The upper grades emphasize ... according to normal visual patterns. In 5th and 6th grades, the emphasis is on understanding semantic relationships, with ...
  • Over the past decade, object recognition work has confounded voxel response detection with potential voxel class identification. (nih.gov)
  • This paper presents an effective local image feature region descriptor, called CLDTP descriptor (Compact Local Directional Texture Pattern), and its application in image matching and object recognition. (hindawi.com)
  • In this paper, we will focus on robust and efficient local image feature descriptor construction and its application in image matching and object recognition. (hindawi.com)
  • Augmented reality could improve object recognition for low vision patients. (reviewofoptometry.com)
  • A small study published in September's Optometry and Vision Science describes the potential such equipment could offer the low vision community, suggesting it could substantially improve accuracy and confidence in object recognition. (reviewofoptometry.com)
  • Researchers evaluated the four low vision participants during three types of tasks: person localization, pose recognition and object recognition. (reviewofoptometry.com)
  • Abstract :To solve the problems of current deep convolutional neural network (CNN), such as large model size, many training parameters, slow computing speed, and difficulty in transplantation to mobile terminal, a visual model of depthwise separable convolution with triple attention module (DSC-TAM) is proposed. (china-csm.org)
  • 2015. Spatial pyramid pooling in deep convolutional networks for visual recognition[J]. IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, 37(9): 1904-1916. (drpress.org)
  • 2]Simonyan K, Zisserman A. Very Deep Convolutional Networks for Large-scale Image Recognition[J]. Computer Science, 2014, arXiv:1409.1556. (china-csm.org)
  • Visual Speech Recognition (VSR) related studies largely ignore the use of state of the art approaches in facial landmark localization, and are also deficit of robust visual features and its temporal encoding. (dcu.ie)
  • UltraZoom (UZ), Phonak's multi-band monaural adaptive beamformer successfully increases speech recognition in comparison to an omni-directional microphone pattern for hearing aid listeners in both diffused and localized noisy listening conditions. (audiologyonline.com)
  • To strengthen the spatial reasoning and visual perception of the agent, we design specific pre-training tasks to feed and better utilize the corresponding modules in our final navigation model. (arxiv.org)
  • 18] H. Li, Y. Li, and F. Porikli, Robust online visual tracking with a single convolutional neural network, Asian Conference on Computer Vision (Cham: Springer, 2014), 194-209. (actapress.com)
  • 2014. Rich feature hierarchies for accurate object detection and semantic segmentation[C]. 2014 IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition(CVPR), Columbus, OH, USA, 580-587. (drpress.org)
  • 2016. Deep residual learning for image recognition[C] // 2016 IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, 770-778. (drpress.org)
  • 11] Alahi A, Ortiz R, Vandergheynst P. FREAK:Fast retina keypoint[C]//IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition. (sia.cn)
  • Visual modeling with a hand-held camera[J]. International Journal of Computer Vision, 2004, 59(3):207-232. (sia.cn)
  • In order to resolve the inherent limitations of the human visual inspection, an intelligent evaluation system has been developed for the objective and automatic evaluation of yarn surface quality with computer vision and artificial intelligence. (edu.hk)
  • Going Deeper with Convolutions[C]// 2015 IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), Boston, USA, 2015, 1-9. (china-csm.org)
  • Learning Transferable Architectures for Scalable Image Recognition[C]//2018 IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), Salt Lake City, USA, 2018, 8697-8710. (china-csm.org)
  • This activation function started showing up in the context of visual feature extraction in hierarchical neural networks starting in the late 1960s. (wikipedia.org)
  • Recognition of asphalt pavement crack length using deep convolutional neural networks[J]. Road Material and Pavement Design, 19(6): 1334-1349. (drpress.org)
  • Evolution, we have developed neural networks in charge of process relevant stimuli So, some patterns become much more obvious to us than others. (psychologysays.net)
  • Compared with the standard convolutional neural network visual model and other methods, the recognition accuracy is guaranteed, and the size of the network model is reduced. (china-csm.org)
  • Understanding spatial and visual information is essential for a navigation agent who follows natural language instructions. (arxiv.org)
  • Those modules learn to ground spatial information and landmark mentions in the instructions to the visual environment more effectively. (arxiv.org)
  • CFS subjects also exhibited alterations in working memory as manifested by a less efficient search strategy on the spatial working memory task, fewer % correct responses on the spatial recognition task, and prolonged latency to a correct response on the pattern recognition task. (lww.com)
  • Puzzles and brain teasers help improve memory and focus, visual acuity and spatial reasoning, and help you stay focused on the task at hand. (successconsciousness.com)
  • They then evaluated 48 simulated low vision participants with additional tasks such as gesture recognition and mobility. (reviewofoptometry.com)
  • Face Recognition? (jhu.edu)
  • Robust face recognition via sparse representation, IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, 31(2), 2009, 210-227. (actapress.com)
  • LBP (Local Binary Pattern) is one of the most popular texture features and has been widely used in face recognition, background extraction, image retrieval, and so on. (hindawi.com)
  • Stimuli were tailored to the preferences of cells recorded in the lateral geniculate nucleus (magnocellular and parvocellular), primary visual cortex (simple and complex), and the extrastriate motion area MT. We found that cells took longer to turn on (to increase their firing rate) than to turn off (to reduce their rate). (jneurosci.org)
  • The LGN is that thalamic structure that receives from the retina and projects to visual cortex. (degruyter.com)
  • All LGNs receive a driving input from the retina, and most retinal-recipient neurons are also the same neurons that project to and drive visual cortex (i.e. there is no additional 'middle man' here). (degruyter.com)
  • 1998. Inhibition of long-term potentiation in developing rat visual cortex but not hippocampus by in utero exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls. (cdc.gov)
  • Our electrically-configured world has forced us to move from the habit of data classification to the mode of pattern recognition. (thenewinquiry.com)
  • In order to explore this controversy we trained full brain (40,000 voxels) single TR (repetition time) classifiers on data from 10 subjects in two different recognition tasks on the most controversial classes of stimuli (house and face) and show 97.4% median out-of-sample (unseen TRs) generalization. (nih.gov)
  • We used fast, pseudorandom temporal sequences of preferred and antipreferred stimuli to drive neuronal firing rates rapidly between minimal and maximal across the visual system. (jneurosci.org)
  • To make this comparison across visual areas and cell classes, we attempt to generalize the notion of preferred, antipreferred, and null (or neutral) stimuli across three levels in the visual system. (jneurosci.org)
  • Multivoxel pattern analyses-based classifiers discriminated action from non-action stimuli across sensory conditions (visual and auditory) and experimental groups (blind and sighted). (elsevier.com)
  • The ability to identify action features with a multivoxel pattern analyses-based classifier in both sighted and blind individuals and independently from the sensory modality conveying the stimuli clearly supports the hypothesis of a supramodal, distributed functional representation of actions, mainly within the action-observation network. (elsevier.com)
  • Pareidolia is a psychological phenomenon consisting of the recognition of significant patterns (such as faces) in ambiguous and random stimuli. (psychologysays.net)
  • In fact, at some point in our evolution, the visual system with which we are equipped has become incredibly sensitive to these stimuli reminiscent of human faces , A part of the body that is of great importance for non-verbal communication. (psychologysays.net)
  • Workshop 2: Reporting recent modelling, and invertebrate visual neural biology developments, preliminary selection for candidate neural systems towards VLSI realization, relevant to WP1 and WP2. (europa.eu)
  • Workshop 3: Focusing on developments in multiple visual neural systems integration for enhanced efficiency and robustness of collision detection, reporting developments on neural vision chip structure identification, preliminary results, relevant to WP2, WP4 and WP3. (europa.eu)
  • Workshop 4: Focusing on noise test and refinements of the circuits and chip components design, reporting developments on multiple visual systems coordination and realization, relevant to WP2 and WP3. (europa.eu)
  • Workshop 5: Presenting recent progress on multiple visual neural systems integration and coordination with both simulation and robotics approaches, relevant to WP2 and WP4. (europa.eu)
  • A trilha de workshops temáticos foi coordenada por Emanuele Santos (UFC) e William Robson Schwartz (UFMG), na qual foi selecionado o Workshop de Visual Analytics, Visualização da Informação e Visualização Científica, coordenado por Carla Maria Dal Sasso Freitas (UFRGS), Celmar Guimarães da Silva (UNICAMP) e Marcos Lage (UFF). (sbc.org.br)
  • We study the use of deep features extracted from a pretrained Vision Transformer (ViT) as dense visual descriptors. (arxiv.org)
  • Effective vector representation for the Korean named-entity recognition. (uni-trier.de)
  • Iris recognition in visible spectrum based on multi-layer analogous convolution and collaborative representation. (uni-trier.de)
  • You could do a whole lot of seemingly advanced pattern recognition without actually having a virtual image floating around in your head, a kind of representation of the object," Chittka says. (scientificamerican.com)
  • 19] N. Wang and D. Yeung, Learning a deep compact image representation for visual tracking, Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems, Lake Tahoe, 2013, 809-817. (actapress.com)
  • 3] M. D. Berkemeier and L. Ma, Visual servoing an omni directional mobile robot to parking lot lines1, International Journal of Robotics and Automation, 29(1), 2014, 67-80. (actapress.com)
  • To infer which word is being visualized, the brain first processes the visual percept, deciphers the letters, bigrams, and activates different words based on context or prior expectation like word frequency. (inria.fr)
  • Now, a puzzle game with a visual component has the potential of engaging both hemispheres, putting your brain at work big time. (successconsciousness.com)
  • It also exercises the cerebrum-the part of the brain responsible for logical thinking, pattern recognition, and visual processing. (discoveryvillages.com)
  • Cortically, brain blood flow decreased in the social phobics and increased in the comparison subjects more during public than private speaking in the orbitofrontal and insular cortices as well as in the temporal pole and increased less in the social phobics than in the comparison group in the parietal and secondary visual cortices. (nih.gov)
  • Our brains are equipped with specific circuits that are activated to process visual information about faces differently from other data, and the part of the brain that contains these circuits is also responsible for the phenomenon of pareidolia. (psychologysays.net)
  • it is good to remember that these phenomena have their reason for being in the special treatment that our brain does without patterns that can be read in the back and forth of confusing images. (psychologysays.net)
  • We designed the atlas to allow users to interactively manipulate the data and graphics at various geographic levels to enhance geovisualization, a process by which the brain recognizes geographic patterns and relationships ( 5 ). (cdc.gov)
  • Congenital Zika syndrome is a recently recognized pattern of congenital anomalies associated with Zika virus infection during pregnancy that includes microcephaly, intracranial calcifications or other brain anomalies, or eye anomalies, among others ( 2 ). (cdc.gov)
  • It will provide robust visual neural algorithms for chip design. (europa.eu)
  • 13] X. Mei and H. Ling, Robust visual tracking using L1 minimization, 2009 IEEE 12th Int. Conf. (actapress.com)
  • 16] D. Wang, H. Lu, and M. H. Yang, Robust visual tracking via least soft-threshold squares, IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology, 26(9), 2016, 1709-1721. (actapress.com)
  • But most of these pattern-recognition tasks can be done with very simple feature detectors-for instance, neurons' orientation of edges, the field of brightness, and so on. (scientificamerican.com)
  • The present study examined whether tactile change blindness, as well as crossmodal visual-tactile change blindness, occurs in the context of search and monitoring tasks, and whether it is affected by the addition of a secondary task. (cdc.gov)
  • Os Anais Estendidos do XXXIV Conference on Graphics, Patterns and Images (SIBGRAPI 2021) incluem os artigos selecionados e apresentados nos workshops da edição do evento realizado virtualmente, no período de 18 a 22 de outubro de 2021. (sbc.org.br)
  • The visual and auditory systems are two major sensory modalities employed in communication. (who.int)
  • To this aim, a pattern recognition approach was employed to analyze neural responses in sighted and congenitally blind subjects during visual and/or auditory presentation of hand-made actions. (elsevier.com)
  • Periodic spirometry can provide a valuable tool for early recognition and prevention of respiratory diseases and for maintaining workers' respiratory health and general fitness. (cdc.gov)
  • early recognition and treatment of injuries to this ligament are important for preserving normal foot biomechanics and function. (medscape.com)
  • Researchers previously knew that the insects could recognize complicated color patterns in flowers and even human faces. (scientificamerican.com)
  • Fortunately, our brains are equipped with certain mechanisms to recognize patterns and continuities in the midst of all this sensory mess. (psychologysays.net)
  • Choropleth maps enable users to easily compare information across different geographies and recognize variability and patterns across a region ( 6 , 7 ). (cdc.gov)
  • 3] Forster C, Pizzoli M, Scaramuzza D. SVO:Fast semi-direct monocular visual odometry[C]//IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation. (sia.cn)
  • We also develop a novel visualization schemes, Voronoi-diagram-based visual encoding to reveal the unique features of mobile phone data. (elsevier.com)
  • The Diabetes Interactive Atlas improves visualization of geographic patterns, highlights observation of trends, and demonstrates the concomitant geographic and temporal growth of diabetes and obesity. (cdc.gov)
  • Better visualization tools were needed to enhance understanding of geographic patterns, recognition of time trends, and identification of geographic and temporal growth of the relationship between diabetes and obesity. (cdc.gov)
  • This suggests an important role for offset latency in assessing the speed of information transmission in the visual system and raises the possibility that signal offsets provide a timing reference for visual processing. (jneurosci.org)
  • In the earliest studies of neuronal response in the visual system, ON and OFF responses to light were recognized because light onset and offset both produced striking transient bursts of action potentials ( Adrian and Matthews, 1927 ). (jneurosci.org)
  • Here we study the latency of response onset and offset in several areas of the visual system because doing so offers a chance to interpret integration strategies in each area in the context of what is known about the other areas. (jneurosci.org)
  • Making events recognition more reliable under complex environment is one of the most important challenges for the intelligent recognition system to the ticket gate in the urban rapid rail transit. (scirp.org)
  • In this paper, we propose a comprehensive visual analysis system which can be used to analyze the population's mobility patterns from millions of phone call records. (elsevier.com)
  • We have applied our system to real mobile phone data collected in a large city and obtained some interesting findings regarding people's mobility pattern. (elsevier.com)
  • our visual system is tuned to those statistics. (degruyter.com)
  • This work has developed the feature pattern classification system (FPCS) framework by adopting Haar-like features from the image recognition domain for feature extraction. (mit.edu)
  • Thus, the functional neuroanatomy of social phobia involves the activation of a phylogenetically older danger-recognition system. (nih.gov)
  • This means the dual microphone system on one ear is wirelessly linked to the dual microphone system on the other and is able to create a narrow beamform pattern which is designed to enable a better SNR. (audiologyonline.com)
  • The development of a peak validation system and stand alone peak recognition system, based on a neural network model termed the multilayered perceptron, was described for vapor phase infrared spectra. (cdc.gov)
  • The authors conclude that this system for interpreting infrared spectral data has implications in every chemical application where the recognition of peak shape signals in analytical data is important. (cdc.gov)
  • person localization and pose recognition skills were largely unchanged from baseline. (reviewofoptometry.com)
  • In this work, we propose a visual speech temporal encoding by integrating state of the art fast and accurate facial landmark detection based on ensemble of regression trees learned using gradient boosting. (dcu.ie)
  • We propose a visual surveillance based person-to-person hostile intent and behavior detection method in elevators. (elsevier.com)
  • Based on this, a quick and simple on-site visual PA fluorescence quantitative detection platform was developed using smart phones, and the platform was used to monitor temperature. (bvsalud.org)
  • Models that share similar visual abilities will be compared experimentally to judge their suitability and capability. (europa.eu)
  • A substantial body of work has documented the visual pattern recognition abilities of bees. (scientificamerican.com)
  • We study on a variety of visual domains, including visual task adaptation benchmark~\cite{zhai2019large}, with varying amount of training images, and show effectiveness of knowledge transfer and a significantly better image generation quality over existing works. (arxiv.org)
  • Results: In the first study, miners from Pennsylvania, West Virginia and Alabama, who were taught with the aid of degraded images, scored significantly better on follow-up hazard recognition performance measures than those trained using traditional instructional methodologies. (cdc.gov)
  • Its double lens disperses light over twice the surface area to significantly reduce contrast and improve visual comfort, especially for high-output applications. (axislighting.com)
  • An rCBF pattern of relatively increased cortical rather than subcortical perfusion was observed in the nonphobic subjects, indicating that cortical evaluative processes were taxed by public performance. (nih.gov)
  • Fast visual tracking via dense spatio-temporal context learning, European Conf. (actapress.com)
  • Using pattern recognition, predictive analytics and sentiment analysis, Wanda learns preferences and context, even the way users talk. (erp.today)
  • Local image descriptor construction is one of the fundamental problems in the fields of image analysis and pattern recognition. (hindawi.com)
  • To address these problems, the CS-LBP (Center Symmetric Local Binary Pattern) descriptor has been proposed, which combines the strength of the SIFT descriptor and LBP operator [ 8 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Exploiting textual and visual features for image categorization. (uni-trier.de)
  • How to find a good image-text embedding for remote sensing visual question answering? (epfl.ch)
  • We base our framework on state-of-the-art generative vision transformers that represent an image as a sequence of visual tokens to the autoregressive or non-autoregressive transformers. (arxiv.org)
  • Image pattern classification is a challenging task due to the large search space of pixel data. (mit.edu)
  • However, in the complex image recognition domain, there is a need for investigation of learning techniques that allow humans to interpret the learned rules in order to gain an insight about the problem. (mit.edu)
  • 26] B. Babenko, M. H. Yang, and S. Belongie, Robust object tracking with online multiple instance learning, IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, 33(8), 2011, 1619-1632. (actapress.com)
  • 9]Itti L, Koch C, Niebur E. A Model of Saliency-based Visual Attention for Rapid Scene Analysis[J]. IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, 1998, 20(11): 1254-1259. (china-csm.org)
  • One promising means of overcoming data overload in complex domains is through the introduction of tactile displays, which can offload the overburdened visual channel. (cdc.gov)
  • Fractals are infinitely complex patterns that maintain self-similarity across scales, constructed by iterating simple processes and resulting in structures that exist in between our familiar dimensions (see Figure 3). (massmediandculture.com)
  • A total of 36 potential subfamilies or subclades of M. tuberculosis complex have been tentatively identified, leading to the definition of major and minor visual recognition rules ( Table ). (cdc.gov)
  • The goal, proponents say, is to simplify complex visual patterns when visual information is limited. (reviewofoptometry.com)
  • The main contribution of this work is in proposing a fast and simple encoding of visual speech features derived from vertically symmetric point pairs (VeSPP) of facial landmarks corresponding to lip regions, and demonstrating their usefulness in temporal sequence comparisons using Dynamic Time Warping. (dcu.ie)
  • And the two-sided lens produces people-friendly vertical illumination, sending more light towards the eye while improving facial recognition. (axislighting.com)
  • Integration of appropriate neural 'sub-systems' with a view to connect multiple neural systems modelling and integrate the latest experimental visual neuroscience research. (europa.eu)
  • Hierarchical convolutional features for visual tracking, Proceedings of the IEEE Int. Conf. (actapress.com)
  • Edge 2's two-sided lens features uniformly illuminated surfaces that deliver controlled luminance and superior visual comfort. (axislighting.com)
  • The fieldwork also showed the visual-ecology of tsetse eyes is well-matched to the time of day they are active, their flight speed and visual features of the landscape. (nri.org)
  • One of human's most characteristic features is our desire to detect patterns. (ilikethisart.net)
  • BP has been proved to have a higher recognition rate compared to other methods. (scirp.org)
  • We have a new publication in IOVS , Pattern Recognition Analysis Reveals Unique Contrast Sensitivity Isocontours Using Static Perimetry Thresholds Across The Visual Field (Direct link here ). (marclab.org)
  • Pattern recognition analysis was used to cluster test locations across the VF exhibiting equal age-related sensitivity decline (age-related CSIs), and points of equal age-corrected sensitivity (age-corrected CSIs) for GI-V. (marclab.org)
  • 3) visual analysis of handoff phone call records. (elsevier.com)
  • We propose a new abstraction set (SynopSet) that has a continuum of visual representations for the explanatory analysis of molecular dynamics simulations (MDS) in the DNA nanotechnology domain. (arxiv.org)
  • It has been proved as a powerful means of texture analysis in 2D images, which uses local texture pattern as the texture primitive [ 7 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • For consultants, Wanda's intuitive, visual tools aid top-down planning, including status monitoring and mixed planning approaches, plus gap analysis and strategic objectives. (erp.today)
  • The microculture analysis has considerable accuracy and presents low cost 2 , but it requires visual experience, sometimes limited by the resolution of optical microscopy and confused by similarities among species' expressions. (bvsalud.org)
  • Pick up more visual cues from their opponents' bodies. (ihmc.us)
  • Moreover, these classifiers labeled as 'action' the pattern of neural responses evoked during actual motor execution. (elsevier.com)
  • Therefore, ML has much more potential for analyzing and improving sensing data than the widely used statistical pattern recognition method. (bvsalud.org)
  • Fractals are unique for having non-integer Hausdorff/fractal dimensions (a statistical index of complexity presented as a ratio of how the detail in patterns changes as the scale of measurement changes. (massmediandculture.com)
  • Also, the research traditions in each tend to differ, with studies of mechanisms of acoustic communication tending to take a more reductionist tack often concentrating on single signal parameters, and studies of visual communication tending to be more concerned with multivariate signal arrays in natural environments and higher level processing of such signals. (who.int)
  • DeCAF: A deep convolutional activation feature for generic visual recognition, International Conference on Machine Learning (ICML), Beijing, 2014, 647-655. (actapress.com)
  • In VINCI 2011 - The 4th Visual Information Communication - International Symposium (ACM International Conference Proceeding Series). (elsevier.com)
  • In a pilot study out of King's College London, participants with severe OSA experienced worse executive functioning as well as social and emotional recognition versus healthy controls. (medscape.com)