Human Rights Abuses: Deliberate maltreatment of groups of humans beings including violations of generally-accepted fundamental rights as stated by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, adopted and proclaimed by the United Nations General Assembly resolution 217 A (III) of 10 December 1948.Accidents, AviationHuman Rights: The rights of the individual to cultural, social, economic, and educational opportunities as provided by society, e.g., right to work, right to education, and right to social security.Mandatory Programs: Programs in which participation is required.Aviation: Design, development, manufacture, and operation of heavier-than-air AIRCRAFT.Mesons: Short-lived elementary particles found in cosmic radiation or produced from nuclear disintegration. Their mass is between that of protons and electrons and they can be negative, positive, or neutral. pi-Mesons (pions) are heavier than mu-mesons (muons) and are proposed for cancer radiotherapy because their capture and disintegration by matter produces powerful, but short-lived, secondary radiation.Professional Misconduct: Violation of laws, regulations, or professional standards.Government Regulation: Exercise of governmental authority to control conduct.Morals: Standards of conduct that distinguish right from wrong.Law Enforcement: Organized efforts to insure obedience to the laws of a community.Games, Experimental: Games designed to provide information on hypotheses, policies, procedures, or strategies.Crime: A violation of the criminal law, i.e., a breach of the conduct code specifically sanctioned by the state, which through its administrative agencies prosecutes offenders and imposes and administers punishments. The concept includes unacceptable actions whether prosecuted or going unpunished.Torture: The intentional infliction of physical or mental suffering upon an individual or individuals, including the torture of animals.Automobile Driving: The effect of environmental or physiological factors on the driver and driving ability. Included are driving fatigue, and the effect of drugs, disease, and physical disabilities on driving.Parking Facilities: Indoor or outdoor areas designated for the parking of vehicles.Rejection (Psychology): Non-acceptance, negative attitudes, hostility or excessive criticism of the individual which may precipitate feelings of rejection.Theft: Unlawful act of taking property.Licensure: The legal authority or formal permission from authorities to carry on certain activities which by law or regulation require such permission. It may be applied to licensure of institutions as well as individuals.Myanmar: A republic of southeast Asia, northwest of Thailand, long familiar as Burma. Its capital is Yangon, formerly Rangoon. Inhabited by people of Mongolian stock and probably of Tibetan origin, by the 3d century A.D. it was settled by Hindus. The modern Burmese state was founded in the 18th century but was in conflict with the British during the 19th century. Made a crown colony of Great Britain in 1937, it was granted independence in 1947. In 1989 it became Myanmar. The name comes from myanma, meaning the strong, as applied to the Burmese people themselves. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p192 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p367)Semantics: The relationships between symbols and their meanings.Judgment: The process of discovering or asserting an objective or intrinsic relation between two objects or concepts; a faculty or power that enables a person to make judgments; the process of bringing to light and asserting the implicit meaning of a concept; a critical evaluation of a person or situation.Safety: Freedom from exposure to danger and protection from the occurrence or risk of injury or loss. It suggests optimal precautions in the workplace, on the street, in the home, etc., and includes personal safety as well as the safety of property.Food Inspection: Examination of foods to assure wholesome and clean products free from unsafe microbes or chemical contamination, natural or added deleterious substances, and decomposition during production, processing, packaging, etc.Women's Rights: The rights of women to equal status pertaining to social, economic, and educational opportunities afforded by society.Whistleblowing: The reporting of observed or suspected PROFESSIONAL MISCONDUCT or incompetence to appropriate authorities or to the public.Aerospace Medicine: That branch of medicine dealing with the studies and effects of flight through the atmosphere or in space upon the human body and with the prevention or cure of physiological or psychological malfunctions arising from these effects. (from NASA Thesaurus)Comprehension: The act or fact of grasping the meaning, nature, or importance of; understanding. (American Heritage Dictionary, 4th ed) Includes understanding by a patient or research subject of information disclosed orally or in writing.Social Distance: The degree of closeness or acceptance an individual or group feels toward another individual or group.Plagiarism: Passing off as one's own the work of another without credit.Building Codes: Standards or regulations for construction which are designed to ensure safety against electrical hazards, fires, etc.Accidents, Traffic: Accidents on streets, roads, and highways involving drivers, passengers, pedestrians, or vehicles. Traffic accidents refer to AUTOMOBILES (passenger cars, buses, and trucks), BICYCLING, and MOTORCYCLES but not OFF-ROAD MOTOR VEHICLES; RAILROADS nor snowmobiles.Language: A verbal or nonverbal means of communicating ideas or feelings.Evoked Potentials: Electrical responses recorded from nerve, muscle, SENSORY RECEPTOR, or area of the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM following stimulation. They range from less than a microvolt to several microvolts. The evoked potential can be auditory (EVOKED POTENTIALS, AUDITORY), somatosensory (EVOKED POTENTIALS, SOMATOSENSORY), visual (EVOKED POTENTIALS, VISUAL), or motor (EVOKED POTENTIALS, MOTOR), or other modalities that have been reported.Linguistics: The science of language, including phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, pragmatics, and historical linguistics. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Transients and Migrants: People who frequently change their place of residence.Bone Screws: Specialized devices used in ORTHOPEDIC SURGERY to repair bone fractures.Electroencephalography: Recording of electric currents developed in the brain by means of electrodes applied to the scalp, to the surface of the brain, or placed within the substance of the brain.Logic: The science that investigates the principles governing correct or reliable inference and deals with the canons and criteria of validity in thought and demonstration. This system of reasoning is applicable to any branch of knowledge or study. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed & Sippl, Computer Dictionary, 4th ed)Evoked Potentials, Auditory: The electric response evoked in the CEREBRAL CORTEX by ACOUSTIC STIMULATION or stimulation of the AUDITORY PATHWAYS.Rectus Abdominis: A long flat muscle that extends along the whole length of both sides of the abdomen. It flexes the vertebral column, particularly the lumbar portion; it also tenses the anterior abdominal wall and assists in compressing the abdominal contents. It is frequently the site of hematomas. In reconstructive surgery it is often used for the creation of myocutaneous flaps. (From Gray's Anatomy, 30th American ed, p491)Brain Mapping: Imaging techniques used to colocalize sites of brain functions or physiological activity with brain structures.Psycholinguistics: A discipline concerned with relations between messages and the characteristics of individuals who select and interpret them; it deals directly with the processes of encoding (phonetics) and decoding (psychoacoustics) as they relate states of messages to states of communicators.Data Interpretation, Statistical: Application of statistical procedures to analyze specific observed or assumed facts from a particular study.Police: Agents of the law charged with the responsibility of maintaining and enforcing law and order among the citizenry.Computer Simulation: Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.Zygapophyseal Joint: The joint that occurs between facets of the interior and superior articular processes of adjacent VERTEBRAE.ReadingNorth CarolinaLikelihood Functions: Functions constructed from a statistical model and a set of observed data which give the probability of that data for various values of the unknown model parameters. Those parameter values that maximize the probability are the maximum likelihood estimates of the parameters.Scientific Misconduct: Intentional falsification of scientific data by presentation of fraudulent or incomplete or uncorroborated findings as scientific fact.Confidentiality: The privacy of information and its protection against unauthorized disclosure.Public Policy: A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions.Advertising as Topic: The act or practice of calling public attention to a product, service, need, etc., especially by paid announcements in newspapers, magazines, on radio, or on television. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Emergency Services, Psychiatric: Organized services to provide immediate psychiatric care to patients with acute psychological disturbances.Acoustic Stimulation: Use of sound to elicit a response in the nervous system.Criminals: Persons who have committed a crime or have been convicted of a crime.Music: Sound that expresses emotion through rhythm, melody, and harmony.Models, Statistical: Statistical formulations or analyses which, when applied to data and found to fit the data, are then used to verify the assumptions and parameters used in the analysis. Examples of statistical models are the linear model, binomial model, polynomial model, two-parameter model, etc.United StatesAuditory Perception: The process whereby auditory stimuli are selected, organized, and interpreted by the organism.Social Behavior: Any behavior caused by or affecting another individual, usually of the same species.Substance Abuse Detection: Detection of drugs that have been abused, overused, or misused, including legal and illegal drugs. Urine screening is the usual method of detection.Guideline Adherence: Conformity in fulfilling or following official, recognized, or institutional requirements, guidelines, recommendations, protocols, pathways, or other standards.Internal Fixators: Internal devices used in osteosynthesis to hold the position of the fracture in proper alignment. By applying the principles of biomedical engineering, the surgeon uses metal plates, nails, rods, etc., for the correction of skeletal defects.War: Hostile conflict between organized groups of people.Choice Behavior: The act of making a selection among two or more alternatives, usually after a period of deliberation.Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.Punishment: The application of an unpleasant stimulus or penalty for the purpose of eliminating or correcting undesirable behavior.Brain: The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.Alcoholic Intoxication: An acute brain syndrome which results from the excessive ingestion of ETHANOL or ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES.Social Justice: An interactive process whereby members of a community are concerned for the equality and rights of all.Interpersonal Relations: The reciprocal interaction of two or more persons.Agriculture: The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.Spinal Fusion: Operative immobilization or ankylosis of two or more vertebrae by fusion of the vertebral bodies with a short bone graft or often with diskectomy or laminectomy. (From Blauvelt & Nelson, A Manual of Orthopaedic Terminology, 5th ed, p236; Dorland, 28th ed)Refugees: Persons fleeing to a place of safety, especially those who flee to a foreign country or power to escape danger or persecution in their own country or habitual residence because of race, religion, or political belief. (Webster, 3d ed)Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Models, Genetic: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of genetic processes or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Cognition: Intellectual or mental process whereby an organism obtains knowledge.Reaction Time: The time from the onset of a stimulus until a response is observed.Medical Errors: Errors or mistakes committed by health professionals which result in harm to the patient. They include errors in diagnosis (DIAGNOSTIC ERRORS), errors in the administration of drugs and other medications (MEDICATION ERRORS), errors in the performance of surgical procedures, in the use of other types of therapy, in the use of equipment, and in the interpretation of laboratory findings. Medical errors are differentiated from MALPRACTICE in that the former are regarded as honest mistakes or accidents while the latter is the result of negligence, reprehensible ignorance, or criminal intent.Models, Theoretical: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Violence: Individual or group aggressive behavior which is socially non-acceptable, turbulent, and often destructive. It is precipitated by frustrations, hostility, prejudices, etc.Attention: Focusing on certain aspects of current experience to the exclusion of others. It is the act of heeding or taking notice or concentrating.Language Tests: Tests designed to assess language behavior and abilities. They include tests of vocabulary, comprehension, grammar and functional use of language, e.g., Development Sentence Scoring, Receptive-Expressive Emergent Language Scale, Parsons Language Sample, Utah Test of Language Development, Michigan Language Inventory and Verbal Language Development Scale, Illinois Test of Psycholinguistic Abilities, Northwestern Syntax Screening Test, Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test, Ammons Full-Range Picture Vocabulary Test, and Assessment of Children's Language Comprehension.Urbanization: The process whereby a society changes from a rural to an urban way of life. It refers also to the gradual increase in the proportion of people living in urban areas.Housing: Living facilities for humans.Students: Individuals enrolled in a school or formal educational program.Abdominal Wall: The outer margins of the ABDOMEN, extending from the osteocartilaginous thoracic cage to the PELVIS. Though its major part is muscular, the abdominal wall consists of at least seven layers: the SKIN, subcutaneous fat, deep FASCIA; ABDOMINAL MUSCLES, transversalis fascia, extraperitoneal fat, and the parietal PERITONEUM.Salaries and Fringe Benefits: The remuneration paid or benefits granted to an employee.Photic Stimulation: Investigative technique commonly used during ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHY in which a series of bright light flashes or visual patterns are used to elicit brain activity.Intention: What a person has in mind to do or bring about.Alcohol Drinking: Behaviors associated with the ingesting of alcoholic beverages, including social drinking.Algorithms: A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.Bayes Theorem: A theorem in probability theory named for Thomas Bayes (1702-1761). In epidemiology, it is used to obtain the probability of disease in a group of people with some characteristic on the basis of the overall rate of that disease and of the likelihood of that characteristic in healthy and diseased individuals. The most familiar application is in clinical decision analysis where it is used for estimating the probability of a particular diagnosis given the appearance of some symptoms or test result.Antisocial Personality Disorder: A personality disorder whose essential feature is a pervasive pattern of disregard for, and violation of, the rights of others that begins in childhood or early adolescence and continues into adulthood. The individual must be at least age 18 and must have a history of some symptoms of CONDUCT DISORDER before age 15. (From DSM-IV, 1994)Commerce: The interchange of goods or commodities, especially on a large scale, between different countries or between populations within the same country. It includes trade (the buying, selling, or exchanging of commodities, whether wholesale or retail) and business (the purchase and sale of goods to make a profit). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, p411, p2005 & p283)Image Processing, Computer-Assisted: A technique of inputting two-dimensional images into a computer and then enhancing or analyzing the imagery into a form that is more useful to the human observer.Social Perception: The perceiving of attributes, characteristics, and behaviors of one's associates or social groups.Learning: Relatively permanent change in behavior that is the result of past experience or practice. The concept includes the acquisition of knowledge.Data Collection: Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.Emotions: Those affective states which can be experienced and have arousing and motivational properties.Problem Solving: A learning situation involving more than one alternative from which a selection is made in order to attain a specific goal.Culture: A collective expression for all behavior patterns acquired and socially transmitted through symbols. Culture includes customs, traditions, and language.Speech Perception: The process whereby an utterance is decoded into a representation in terms of linguistic units (sequences of phonetic segments which combine to form lexical and grammatical morphemes).Bias (Epidemiology): Any deviation of results or inferences from the truth, or processes leading to such deviation. Bias can result from several sources: one-sided or systematic variations in measurement from the true value (systematic error); flaws in study design; deviation of inferences, interpretations, or analyses based on flawed data or data collection; etc. There is no sense of prejudice or subjectivity implied in the assessment of bias under these conditions.Equipment Safety: Freedom of equipment from actual or potential hazards.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Behavior: The observable response of a man or animal to a situation.Street Drugs: Drugs obtained and often manufactured illegally for the subjective effects they are said to produce. They are often distributed in urban areas, but are also available in suburban and rural areas, and tend to be grossly impure and may cause unexpected toxicity.Decision Making: The process of making a selective intellectual judgment when presented with several complex alternatives consisting of several variables, and usually defining a course of action or an idea.Medication Errors: Errors in prescribing, dispensing, or administering medication with the result that the patient fails to receive the correct drug or the indicated proper drug dosage.Clinical Protocols: Precise and detailed plans for the study of a medical or biomedical problem and/or plans for a regimen of therapy.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Safety Management: The development of systems to prevent accidents, injuries, and other adverse occurrences in an institutional setting. The concept includes prevention or reduction of adverse events or incidents involving employees, patients, or facilities. Examples include plans to reduce injuries from falls or plans for fire safety to promote a safe institutional environment.Magnetoencephalography: The measurement of magnetic fields over the head generated by electric currents in the brain. As in any electrical conductor, electric fields in the brain are accompanied by orthogonal magnetic fields. The measurement of these fields provides information about the localization of brain activity which is complementary to that provided by ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHY. Magnetoencephalography may be used alone or together with electroencephalography, for measurement of spontaneous or evoked activity, and for research or clinical purposes.Public Health: Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.Psychomotor Performance: The coordination of a sensory or ideational (cognitive) process and a motor activity.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Interprofessional Relations: The reciprocal interaction of two or more professional individuals.Bandages: Material used for wrapping or binding any part of the body.Ethanol: A clear, colorless liquid rapidly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract and distributed throughout the body. It has bactericidal activity and is used often as a topical disinfectant. It is widely used as a solvent and preservative in pharmaceutical preparations as well as serving as the primary ingredient in ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES.Occupational Health: The promotion and maintenance of physical and mental health in the work environment.Evolution, Molecular: The process of cumulative change at the level of DNA; RNA; and PROTEINS, over successive generations.Time: The dimension of the physical universe which, at a given place, orders the sequence of events. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Causality: The relating of causes to the effects they produce. Causes are termed necessary when they must always precede an effect and sufficient when they initiate or produce an effect. Any of several factors may be associated with the potential disease causation or outcome, including predisposing factors, enabling factors, precipitating factors, reinforcing factors, and risk factors.Demography: Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.Fixation, Ocular: The positioning and accommodation of eyes that allows the image to be brought into place on the FOVEA CENTRALIS of each eye.Probability: The study of chance processes or the relative frequency characterizing a chance process.Guidelines as Topic: A systematic statement of policy rules or principles. Guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by convening expert panels. The text may be cursive or in outline form but is generally a comprehensive guide to problems and approaches in any field of activity. For guidelines in the field of health care and clinical medicine, PRACTICE GUIDELINES AS TOPIC is available.Software: Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.Models, Psychological: Theoretical representations that simulate psychological processes and/or social processes. These include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Pesticides: Chemicals used to destroy pests of any sort. The concept includes fungicides (FUNGICIDES, INDUSTRIAL); INSECTICIDES; RODENTICIDES; etc.Task Performance and Analysis: The detailed examination of observable activity or behavior associated with the execution or completion of a required function or unit of work.Wounds and Injuries: Damage inflicted on the body as the direct or indirect result of an external force, with or without disruption of structural continuity.Reward: An object or a situation that can serve to reinforce a response, to satisfy a motive, or to afford pleasure.Substance-Related Disorders: Disorders related to substance abuse.Visual Perception: The selecting and organizing of visual stimuli based on the individual's past experience.Terminology as Topic: The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.Universities: Educational institutions providing facilities for teaching and research and authorized to grant academic degrees.Internship and Residency: Programs of training in medicine and medical specialties offered by hospitals for graduates of medicine to meet the requirements established by accrediting authorities.Research Design: A plan for collecting and utilizing data so that desired information can be obtained with sufficient precision or so that an hypothesis can be tested properly.Lumbar Vertebrae: VERTEBRAE in the region of the lower BACK below the THORACIC VERTEBRAE and above the SACRAL VERTEBRAE.Motivation: Those factors which cause an organism to behave or act in either a goal-seeking or satisfying manner. They may be influenced by physiological drives or by external stimuli.Psychophysics: The science dealing with the correlation of the physical characteristics of a stimulus, e.g., frequency or intensity, with the response to the stimulus, in order to assess the psychologic factors involved in the relationship.Frontal Lobe: The part of the cerebral hemisphere anterior to the central sulcus, and anterior and superior to the lateral sulcus.Eye Movements: Voluntary or reflex-controlled movements of the eye.Risk-Taking: Undertaking a task involving a challenge for achievement or a desirable goal in which there is a lack of certainty or a fear of failure. It may also include the exhibiting of certain behaviors whose outcomes may present a risk to the individual or to those associated with him or her.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Neural Pathways: Neural tracts connecting one part of the nervous system with another.Pattern Recognition, Visual: Mental process to visually perceive a critical number of facts (the pattern), such as characters, shapes, displays, or designs.Computer Graphics: The process of pictorial communication, between human and computers, in which the computer input and output have the form of charts, drawings, or other appropriate pictorial representation.Cues: Signals for an action; that specific portion of a perceptual field or pattern of stimuli to which a subject has learned to respond.Confidence Intervals: A range of values for a variable of interest, e.g., a rate, constructed so that this range has a specified probability of including the true value of the variable.Breath Tests: Any tests done on exhaled air.User-Computer Interface: The portion of an interactive computer program that issues messages to and receives commands from a user.Functional Laterality: Behavioral manifestations of cerebral dominance in which there is preferential use and superior functioning of either the left or the right side, as in the preferred use of the right hand or right foot.Tomography, X-Ray Computed: Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Cerebral Cortex: The thin layer of GRAY MATTER on the surface of the CEREBRAL HEMISPHERES that develops from the TELENCEPHALON and folds into gyri and sulchi. It reaches its highest development in humans and is responsible for intellectual faculties and higher mental functions.Postoperative Complications: Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Regression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.Solutions: The homogeneous mixtures formed by the mixing of a solid, liquid, or gaseous substance (solute) with a liquid (the solvent), from which the dissolved substances can be recovered by physical processes. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Models, Neurological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of the neurological system, processes or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Clinical Trials as Topic: Works about pre-planned studies of the safety, efficacy, or optimum dosage schedule (if appropriate) of one or more diagnostic, therapeutic, or prophylactic drugs, devices, or techniques selected according to predetermined criteria of eligibility and observed for predefined evidence of favorable and unfavorable effects. This concept includes clinical trials conducted both in the U.S. and in other countries.Mental Disorders: Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy: Spectroscopic method of measuring the magnetic moment of elementary particles such as atomic nuclei, protons or electrons. It is employed in clinical applications such as NMR Tomography (MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING).Genetics, Population: The discipline studying genetic composition of populations and effects of factors such as GENETIC SELECTION, population size, MUTATION, migration, and GENETIC DRIFT on the frequencies of various GENOTYPES and PHENOTYPES using a variety of GENETIC TECHNIQUES.Neuropsychological Tests: Tests designed to assess neurological function associated with certain behaviors. They are used in diagnosing brain dysfunction or damage and central nervous system disorders or injury.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Nerve Net: A meshlike structure composed of interconnecting nerve cells that are separated at the synaptic junction or joined to one another by cytoplasmic processes. In invertebrates, for example, the nerve net allows nerve impulses to spread over a wide area of the net because synapses can pass information in any direction.Models, Biological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Risk: The probability that an event will occur. It encompasses a variety of measures of the probability of a generally unfavorable outcome.Models, Molecular: Models used experimentally or theoretically to study molecular shape, electronic properties, or interactions; includes analogous molecules, computer-generated graphics, and mechanical structures.Practice Guidelines as Topic: Directions or principles presenting current or future rules of policy for assisting health care practitioners in patient care decisions regarding diagnosis, therapy, or related clinical circumstances. The guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by the convening of expert panels. The guidelines form a basis for the evaluation of all aspects of health care and delivery.Thermodynamics: A rigorously mathematical analysis of energy relationships (heat, work, temperature, and equilibrium). It describes systems whose states are determined by thermal parameters, such as temperature, in addition to mechanical and electromagnetic parameters. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 12th ed)Memory: Complex mental function having four distinct phases: (1) memorizing or learning, (2) retention, (3) recall, and (4) recognition. Clinically, it is usually subdivided into immediate, recent, and remote memory.Oxygen: An element with atomic symbol O, atomic number 8, and atomic weight [15.99903; 15.99977]. It is the most abundant element on earth and essential for respiration.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Attitude of Health Personnel: Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.Predictive Value of Tests: In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.Occupational Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents that occurs as a result of one's occupation.Multivariate Analysis: A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Risk Assessment: The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)Genetic Variation: Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.Case-Control Studies: Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Protein Conformation: The characteristic 3-dimensional shape of a protein, including the secondary, supersecondary (motifs), tertiary (domains) and quaternary structure of the peptide chain. PROTEIN STRUCTURE, QUATERNARY describes the conformation assumed by multimeric proteins (aggregates of more than one polypeptide chain).Amino Acid Sequence: The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.
During the treatment, the hospital staff mistakenly administered a high dose of steroids into the right arm of the patient. The ... In 2001, Times of India reported that Vimhans was in violation with an agreement by the Delhi Government. The agreement ... Vimhans ignored this stipulation, and then stated it would provide free treatment to 40 percent of its admitted patients. The ... In 2005, Vimhans treated a 43-year-old female patient. The patient suffered a partial paralysis and was admitted to the ...
After the discovery of new Leprosy treatment, patients were later allowed to leave Losheng Sanatorium since 1954. However, many ... of the site-which is a violation of fundamental human rights. ... Ordeal for patients: The patients are forced to leave the place ... Ever since then, the patients have had no access to the MRT construction plans and its related discussions.[citation needed] ... Chen Ching-Chuan (陳京川), the ex-director of Losheng, was opposed to this decision, and did three surveys among the patients to ...
... treatment depends on the identified violations that led to it. Typically, the patient is ... Okoro N, Patel A, Goldstein M, Narahari N, Cai Q (July 2008). "Ursodeoxycholic acid treatment for patients with ... Symptoms occur in about 5 to 40 percent of patients who undergo cholecystectomy, and can be transient, persistent or lifelong. ...
... the actual treatment of a patient.' Sears is squarely in violation." At an AMA House of Delegates' committee hearing, David T. ... a patient of Sears - was identified as the index patient who started a measles epidemic in 2008, an epidemic which was the ... when he issued a letter in 2014 prescribing no vaccines for a two-year-old patient without adequately examining the patient's ... of his patients do not vaccinate at all, and that another 20% vaccinated partially. He also said that "I don't think [ ...
Minder, B. (2001). "Sabina Spielrein, Jung's patient at the Burghölzli". Journal of Analytical Psychology. 46: 43-66.. ... Some commentators have seen Jung's conduct as a professional boundary violation, while others have seen it as an unintended and ... Graf-Nold, A. (2001). "The Zurich School of Psychotherapy in Theory and Practice: Sabina Spielrein's Treatment at the ... He recounted, it was "the voice of a patient ... who had a strong transference to me".[36] However, in the unpublished ...
Among the points that were brought out were the routine violation of patients' rights as regards giving consent for treatment; ... He also used modified insulin treatment, electroconvulsive treatment and sedation in the treatment of military patients. During ... Failures in treatment were put down to the patient's lack of a "good previous personality". (Sargant was fond of saying that ... As a rule the patient does not know how long he has been asleep, or what treatment, even including ECT, he has been given. ...
Many affected patients were elderly and had other existing health problems, further making the choice of treatment difficult. ... In October 2012, an investigation of the NECC revealed the company had been in violation of its state license because it had ... U.S. and Massachusetts state health regulators were aware in 2002 that steroid treatments from NECC could cause adverse patient ... Some patients lost the remaining vision in the eye being treated. From November 2011 to April 2012, 33 eye-surgery patients in ...
Rights arguing that use of a truth serum could be considered a violation of a human right to be free from degrading treatment, ... "Truth serum" was abused against psychotic patients as part of old, discredited practices of psychiatry and is no longer used. ... It has been suggested that their use is a potential violation of the Fifth Amendment of the U.S. Constitution (the right to ... It has been noted to be a violation of the Inter-American Convention to Prevent and Punish Torture. " ...
... had ordered them to falsify patients' records,[11] had failed (in violation of law) to get proper consent from patients, and ... Straus MJ (1979). "New developments in the treatment of advanced lung cancer". The American Review of Respiratory Disease. 120 ... His poetry, which often deals with doctor patient communication and many poems are in the voices of patients or doctors. has ... In October 1982, Straus published a paper in Cancer Treatment Reports, a journal funded by the National Cancer Institute. The ...
She further rejects the dissenters' suggestion that a patient could seek medical treatment outside of the province as too ... who found a violation of section 7 of the Canadian Charter, but she interprets it as being more of a violation of the similar ... Morgentaler among others as examples of delay in medical treatment as a violation of security of person. ... The first is by Deschamps who found a violation of the Quebec Charter, but stated there was no necessity for her to rule on the ...
The question of interest is whether recurrence occurs later in maintained patients than in non-maintained patients. The ... The graph shows KM plots for the aml data broken out by treatment group, which is indicated by the variable "x" in the data. ... and for dealing with violations of the proportional hazard assumption. Time-varying covariates. Some variables, such as gender ... It is possible that this patient was enrolled near the end of the study, so that they could only be observed for 13 weeks. It ...
... if he were required to report his findings to the authorities he might be held liable for violation of the physician-patient ... It is further alleged that proper medical treatment of plaintiff's battered child syndrome would have included reporting her ... Failure to do so is a violation of law. The summary dismissal of the complaint and allegation that the failure to diagnose ... But inasmuch as the same penalty is provided for a violation of each section they do not present an irreconcilable conflict ...
BHH covers dialysis treatments as an emergency medical service only, and the approximate ten to twelve prescription medications ... BHH . . . caus[es] cancer patients to exhaust their allotted doctors' visits within two to three months". Noting that such a ... policy likely constituted unlawful discrimination in violation of the Equal Protection Clause, federal District Court Judge ... Oversight on the Compact of Free Association with the Republic of the Marshall Islands (RMI): Medical Treatment of the ...
The Commission asked the Cambie Surgery Centre not to permit patients access to earlier treatment. The plaintiffs pointed out ... in violation of the Medicare Protection Act, to spend their own funds to jump the queue and access the clinic. ... where revenue follows the patient. He advocates a patient-centered system with a greater role for competition in Canadian ... Proponents of for-profit care argue the opposite and that patients will be protected from the dangers of waiting for care. In ...
... that it remained in violation of the Emergency Medical Treatment and Active Labor Act, and gave it twenty-three days to fix the ... In June, 2004 CMS again stated that patients were in jeopardy, citing the use of Taser stun guns to subdue psychiatric patients ... Patients that had normally gone to the King/Drew trauma center were dispersed among three other hospitals, both public and ... Problems for King/Drew became even worse over a period of four days in March, 2005, when three patients died as a result of ...
As a result, patients will not be allowed to smoke medical cannabis, the law will sunset after seven years, and there will be ... "Emergency and Third Proposed Rulemaking to Implement the Legalization of Marijuana for Medical Treatment Initiative of 1999". D ... except in cases where marijuana was transferred into another state in violation of that state's laws). MPP is also lobbied on ... Patients and their families led the effort for years, and MPP played a major supporting role beginning in mid-2015, bringing on ...
He was tried twice for manslaughter of his patients who died under this treatment. Franz Anton Mesmer (1734-1815), was a German ... and came under fire again in 2012 after attempting to promote his treatment in Totnes, in violation of Cancer Act 1939. ... quackery also includes the risk that patients may choose to forego treatments that are more likely to help them, in favor of ... This treatment is based on the unsubstantiated belief that "wrong foods [cause] malignancy to grow, while proper foods [allow] ...
Violations of patients' rights include failure to obtain informed consent for treatment, failure to maintain the ... "Abuse, Neglect and Patient Rights by the Disability Rights Wisconsin website". Disability Rights Wisconsin. Retrieved 6 October ... Freedom from abuse, neglect, and violations of a person's rights are also important goals of the disability rights movement. ... and from other rights violations. Disability activists are working to break institutional, physical, and societal barriers that ...
Patients leave the clinics with false diagnoses and often do not return for follow-up treatments, detrimental to the ... guarding against the violation of human rights as mental patients are hospitalized by force (bilingual), Thinking Chinese, June ... The draft law promotes the transparency of patient treatment management. Currently, many cases exist in which hospitals are led ... that patients can choose whether to receive treatment in most cases; and that only those at risk of harming themselves or ...
... being subjected to this psychiatric treatment is a deliberate action taken at the request of the relatives of the patients who ... In 2012, the Psychiatric Ward at Masina Hospital was in the news for reported violations of the Mental Health Act of 1987. A ... where patients are treated for as many as two years. Run by a Parsi trust, many of the patients that seek expensive medical ... It serves the community through various out-patient and in-patient services manned by a staff - both medical and non-medical. ...
Patients with chronic conditions attending treatment at state hospitals in Athens are told to bring their own prescription ... United Nations official had cautioned that this additional package of austerity in Greece could potentially pose a violation of ... with some Greek citizens turning to NGOs for healthcare treatment and having to give up children for adoption. The suicide rate ...
Indicating according to the law only those patients suffering from diseases for which treatment is not available in Kuwait can ... The first angle of the grilling accused Dr Maasouma of committing violations in the Foreign Medical Treatment Department and ... treatment abroad according to the recommendation of a specialized panel of doctors and the physicians in charge of the patient ... and wasting public money by sending people for treatment abroad at the country's expense when they could be treated at home. ...
Indicating according to the law only those patients suffering from diseases for which treatment is not available in Kuwait can ... The first angle of the grilling accused Dr Maasouma of committing violations in the Foreign Medical Treatment Department and ... "The official responsible for treatment abroad is still on top of his job." On August 25, 2007, Al-Tabtabaie and MP Faisal Al- ... He said the money spent on treatment abroad since 2001-some 260 million dinars (US$902.77 million)--could have been used for ...
Indicating according to the law only those patients suffering from diseases for which treatment is not available in Kuwait can ... The first angle of the grilling accused Dr Maasouma of committing violations in the Foreign Medical Treatment Department and ... treatment abroad according to the recommendation of a specialized panel of doctors and the physicians in charge of the patient ... The minister declined to present data based on the secrecy of relations between physicians and patients and the issue was ...
Koplus has denied the charges, claiming that contrary to the fining orders, she duly processed each patient whom she prescribed ... a psychotropic medicine used for replacement treatment of certain drug addictions, and was on in 2006 fined twice for ... violations of prescription issuance rules by Estonian Office of Healthcare. ...
In the early 1980s, the focus of the hospital's treatment programs shifted to patients found not guilty by reason of insanity ( ... In recent years, the hospital, under the threat of a lawsuit by the United States Justice Department alleging violations of the ... This was restricted after patient escapes. Initial research and treatment programs aimed at understanding and reducing the risk ... On May 28, 2014, a patient was killed and an employee was severely injured during an alleged attack by a patient. On March 30, ...
So it is request to health minister to make such a policy for the patient who died during treatment that their whole treatment ... they give statements which shows that patient was serious and we tried but patient died during treatment. If family member of ... In these cases, patient some time die due to negligence or late treatment.. In this case also, doctors dont take blame on ... patient dies and they claim as patient condition was serious and just get rid of it. If family member of patient wants to ...
Protocol Violation 0 2 Withdrawal by Subject 2 1 Randomized but not treated 5 3 ... A Pilot Study Of A Novel Treatment Regimen, Maraviroc + Ritonavir Boosted Atazanavir, In Treatment Naive HIV-Infected Patients ... This was then repeated for all participants with HIV-1 viral load more than 500 copies/mL either at treatment failure or at ... This was then repeated for all participants with HIV-1 viral load more than 500 copies/mL either at treatment failure or at ...
Protocol Violation 0 2 Withdrawal by Subject 2 1 Randomized but not treated 5 3 ... A Pilot Study Of A Novel Treatment Regimen, Maraviroc + Ritonavir Boosted Atazanavir, In Treatment Naive HIV-Infected Patients ... Week 96 or Time of treatment Failure 0 0 No statistical analysis provided for Number of Participants With HIV-1 RNA Tropism ... Week 96 or Time of treatment failure Population Description Explanation of how the number of participants for analysis was ...
Protocol Violation 2 3 Withdrawal by Subject 16 6 Lack of therapeutic response and other 8 7 ... Evaluation of Ceftaroline Fosamil Versus Vancomycin Plus Aztreonam in the Treatment of Patients With Skin Infections. The ... The first patient was enrolled on 17 May 2012 and the last patient last visit was on 26 June 2014. Of 802 enrolled participants ... 761 randomized patients who received any amount of study therapy. there are 11 patients who are randomized , but didnt receive ...
Protocol Violation 1 0 Missing end of Treatment Page 2 3 [1] ... Patients who were assigned to this treatment group received 400 ... Patients who were assigned to this treatment group received 400 mg. nilotinib bid. Patients who were assigned to this treatment ... Patients who were assigned to this treatment group received 400 mg. nilotinib bid. Patients who were assigned to this treatment ... Patients who were assigned to this ... Arm/Group Description: Patients who were assigned to this treatment group received 400 ...
The addition of a third drug to the traditional chemotherapy treatment for pleural mesothelioma is showing improved survival ... The trial included 448 mesothelioma patients at 73 different sites from 2008 to 2014. All patients received a combination of ... Pillsbury Plant Owner Sentenced for Asbestos Violations. * March 15, 2018. Missouri Bill May Limit Legal Rights of Mesothelioma ... Forty-five patients receiving bevacizumab lived at least 30 months, while only 36 of those not taking the third drug lived that ...
2017: Patients treatment plans lacked state-required assessments of active issues, measurable goals and a GED course offering. ... DCF uncovered the policy violations during annual inspections, in which it typically reviews 10 to 30 random patient files for ... 2007: All 10 sampled patients werent receiving the state-required treatment hours. ... from a patient, legal guardian or judge assigned to their case. Yet the center has a history of violations. ...
p) Fraudulently altering or destroying records relating to patient care or treatment, including, but not limited to, patient ... 1. The gravity of the violation, including the probability that death or serious physical or emotional harm to a patient has ... c) A patients informed consent is not executed until the patient, or a person authorized by the patient to give consent, and a ... h. Have treatment rooms, if treatment is being provided to the patient. ...
h. Have treatment rooms, if treatment is being provided to the patients. ... 1. The gravity of the violation, including the probability that death or serious physical or emotional harm to a patient has ... c) A patients informed consent is not executed until the patient, or a person authorized by the patient to give consent, and a ... 381.026 and 381.0261 to provide patients with information about their patient rights and how to file a patient complaint. ...
Neutrino Regimen for Treatment-experienced HCV GT1 Patients. This study will evaluate the efficacy and safety of NEUTRINO ... genotype 1b treatment-experienced patients.. Effect of Changing Physiological Conditions on Myogenic Oscillations: Pilot Study ... Search for CP Violation in Neutrino and Antineutrino Oscillations by the T2K Experiment with 2.2×10^{21} Protons on Target.. 08 ... Home » Citations » Search for CP Violation in Neutrino and Antineutrino Oscillations by the T2K Experiment with 2.2×10^{21} ...
Hospital fined nearly $1.3 million for multiple EMTALA violations involving psychiatric patients More ... Ohio State Medical Board issues new rules on terminating the physician-patient relationship and notifying patients when a ... is part of the Substance Use-Disorder Prevention that Promotes Opioid Recovery and Treatment for Patients and Communities Act, ... in return for referring a patient or patronage to a recovery home, clinical treatment facility or laboratory; or ...
Evaluate treatment options in treating a Class2 Div II wear case. *Have conversations with a patient who feels hopeless about ... Alternative Treatment for Violation of Envelope of Function. Contributor: Dr. Dag Zapatero. ... Evaluate treatment options for treating a patient with a partially edentulous maxilla and poor fitting removable partial ... Evaluate treatment options for treating a patient poor aesthetics and a gummy smile ...
Abstract and code information such as patient/participant treatment and progress.- Perform routine audits to insure quality and ... investigating any violation.- Maintain computer database.- Participate in committees with regard to data quality assurance.- ... Review and monitor patient/participant clinical trial data.- ... Review and monitor patient/participant clinical trial data.. - ... Abstract and code information such as patient/participant treatment and progress.. - Perform routine audits to insure quality ...
... "the sole basis for treatment or patient management decisions, including infection control decisions." ... Four CVS stores in Oklahoma found in violation of protocol and fined $125,000 *By Art Haddaway Owasso Reporter ... Some patients are receiving convalescent serum, meaning the antibodies made by people who have recovered after a COVID-19 ... "My hope is that staffing itself corrects along with this action to increase patient safety. Were looking to protect the public ...
Method of assigning patients to treatment groups. Patients were assigned to treatment groups (order of treatments) using ... Protocol violation. Any subject found to have entered this study in violation of the protocol or failed to follow the study ... heart beat and target knee were similar between both treatment groups. Table 4 shows treatment compliance of the trial patients ... A subject treatment diary was completed by each patient throughout the study period to determine side effects, medication use, ...
Doctors prescribing anabolic steroids for those patients would not be in violation of the law. ... "When I told Bill, he said, Why even bother with treatment? He didnt know that the doctors had told me that Bill had only a 1 ... Drugs are classified according to their effectiveness as treatment for legitimate medical purposes and also according to their ... There are legitimate uses for anabolic steroids, such as in the treatment of cancer, burns, malnutrition and arthritis. ...
Mandatory HIV testing was common in Chinas drug treatment centers, but test results were not always disclosed to patients. A ... Your tax deductible gift can help stop human rights violations and save lives around the world.. ... When I went to the hospital for treatment, I was arrested and sent back to the drug addiction center… Inside I was given very ... They tested me and told me I have AIDS." Unprotected sex and unsafe drug use occur in the treatment centers, but condoms and ...
Any treatment for BLLs in this range should be done in consultation with an expert. Contact local PEHSU or PCC for guidance; ... Landlord violations of RRP, and. *Other lead rules.. "Low health literacy is a threat to the health and wellbeing of Americans ... Treatment and management strategies for children whose blood levels are equal to or greater than the reference value include ... Some case managers or PCPs may choose to repeat blood lead tests on all new patients within one month to ensure that their BLL ...
Learn how imaging medical records can help meet HIPAA requirements and improve patient care. ... When a patient receives treatment, they (and all associated parties) begin to accumulate what could amount to thousands of ... If mismanaged, these records can cause serious HIPAA violations.. Imaging medical records: From paper to PC. The digitization ... Archive patient emails with GoDaddys 0ffice 365 Business Premium email.. Fortifying patients trust. Patients seek healthcare ...
Any failure to comply with these restrictions may constitute a violation of applicable securities laws. ... U.S. FDA Approves Takedas ALUNBRIG® (brigatinib) as a First-Line Treatment Option for Patients Diagnosed with Rare and Serious ... of patients. In ALTA, amylase elevation occurred in 27% of patients in the 90 mg group and 39% of patients in the 90→180 mg ... of patients. In ALTA, hypertension was reported in 11% of patients in the 90 mg group who received ALUNBRIG and 21% of patients ...
Patient No More, 7/16), Kevin W. Wildes, S.J., our friend and colleague at Georgetown University, celebrated a requiem for the ... traditional, patient-centered ethic of medicine. In its place he proposed a new ethic of social contract, one oriented to ... This is a clear violation of the covenantal relationship between doctor and patient. It makes the physician a double agent and ... In the end the physician writes the order to treat or withhold treatment. He or she is responsible for the moral status of that ...
Kamala Kanwar, Jaipur, patient with cervical cancer. Your tax deductible gift can help stop human rights violations and save ... The report focuses specifically on the availability of pain treatment for cancer patients. It says that, based on official ... despite the fact that more than 70 percent of their patients are incurable and likely to require pain treatment and palliative ... fewer than 4 percent of patients with advanced cancer have access to appropriate pain treatment. The report also says that ...
... there is a pervasive pattern of disregard for and violation of the rights of others occurring since age 18 years ... Emotions are usually a key aspect of treatment of this disorder. Patients often have had little or no significant emotionally- ... Effective treatment of antisocial behavior and personality is limited. Group psychotherapy can be helpful. If the person can ... There is a pervasive pattern of disregard for and violation of the rights of others occurring since age 18 years, as indicated ...
... of informed consent was developed to prevent doctors from strongarming unknowledgeable patients into assenting to treatment. ... Proving a standard of care violation requires expert testimony (a) defining the standard of care, (b) examining how the ... you did not give informed consent for the procedure or treatment, and the procedure or treatment caused harm to your companion ... Accordingly, they owe a heightened (i.e., professional) standard of care to the patient and client. Examples of standard of ...
Psychological Treatment Strategies for the Nursing Home Patient by Joseph M. Casciani, PhD (eBook) online at Lulu. Visit the ... If you are sure that this product is in violation of acceptable content as defined in the agreement or that it does not meet ... Handbook of Health and Behavior: Psychological Treatment Strategies for the Nursing Home Patient By Joseph M. Casciani, PhD ... shop/joseph-m-casciani-phd/handbook-of-health-and-behavior-psychological-treatment-strategies-for-the-nursing-home-patient/ ...
  • Whenever any body died during treatment in pvt hospitals, they wont normally give dead body to family of dead patient unless they wont settle the bills. (
  • The 102-page report, " Unbearable Pain: India's Obligation to Ensure Palliative Care ," found that many major cancer hospitals in India do not provide patients with morphine, despite the fact that more than 70 percent of their patients are incurable and likely to require pain treatment and palliative care. (
  • But without specific efforts to ensure that all cancer hospitals can treat pain and offer palliative care, these funds will do little to relieve the suffering for patients with advanced, incurable cancer. (
  • Human Rights Watch further argues that the government's failure to ensure that cancer hospitals offer pain treatment may violate the prohibition against torture and cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment because of the widespread nature and severity of the suffering it causes. (
  • Timberlawn is responsible for transferring patients to other hospitals, according to Carrie Williams, spokeswoman for the Texas Health and Human Services Commission. (
  • It had been one of the few hospitals to treat large numbers of children and teenagers, but other facilities with a broader range of medical services are now taking in more of those patients, Dallas mental health experts say. (
  • Focuses on the draft of a mental health bill in Great Britain that introduces a legal framework for the compulsory treatment of people with mental disorders in hospitals and in the community. (
  • A study by Medicare's inspector general of skilled nursing facilities says nearly 22,000 patients were injured and more than 1,500 died in a single month-a higher rate of medical errors than hospitals. (
  • Patient safety experts told ProPublica they were alarmed because the frequency of people harmed under skilled nursing care exceeds that of hospitals, where medical errors receive the most attention. (
  • It calls on the federal Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality and the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) to promote patient safety efforts in nursing homes as they have done in hospitals. (
  • As hospitals have moved to shorten patient stays, skilled nursing care has grown dramatically. (
  • The letters also reiterate that hospitals must increase staffing beyond the ratios if needed by patient acuity: "Hospitals must ensure that they are staffed to assure that the needs of the patients are met. (
  • We established a committee within hospitals that included patients, families and staff. (
  • Treatment results of SIOP 93-01 of the German Society of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology were analyzed regarding frequencies of operations by surgeons and hospitals, surgical approaches, and operating subspecialties. (
  • As a part of measures to decrease spikes in coronavirus disease (COVID-19) cases and deaths outside of hospitals, the government of South Korea introduced a plan for community treatment centers (CTCs) to isolate and monitor patients with mild COVID-19 symptoms. (
  • Because of the sharp increase in cases in this region, it was impossible to accommodate all patients in hospitals. (
  • As a part of measures to decrease spikes in COVID-19 caseloads in and deaths outside of hospitals, the government of South Korea converted private dormitories and state-run institutions into community-based isolation facilities for patients with laboratory-confirmed COVID-19, but mild or no symptoms. (
  • Rather, it is an opportunity to identify and rectify a troubling and dangerous violation of federal law potentially taking place in Catholic hospitals across the country. (
  • In it, the organizations raise possible systematic violations by religiously-affiliated hospitals of the Conditions of Participation of Medicare and Medicaid and the Emergency Medical Treatment and Active Labor Act (EMTALA). (
  • While the act covers hospitals that receive funding for Medicare or Medicaid, the requirements apply to every patient the hospital treats, not just those using the programs. (
  • Religiously-affiliated hospitals-which are often the only hospital in a particular area- are not exempt from providing critical care to patients who come through their doors,' said Daniel Pochoda, legal director of the ACLU of Arizona, in a press statement issued last week. (
  • The law's goal, according to Fuller, was to shift psychiatric treatment of severely mentally ill patients from in-patient psychiatric hospitals to community health centers, where they could live at home and receive treatment in a familiar environment. (
  • Said Reiter, "Since most hospitals do not have any psychiatric beds, patients needing psychiatric hospitalization typically need to be transferred. (
  • The Emergency Medical Treatment and Active Labor Act (EMTALA) places screening and stabilization obligations upon hospitals and emergency rooms that receive patients suffering from an emergency medical condition. (
  • The Emergency Medical Treatment and Active Labor Act (EMTALA), as added by § 9121(b) of the Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1985, 100 Stat. 164, and as amended, 42 U. S. C. § 1395dd, places obligations of screening and stabilization upon hospitals and emergency rooms that receive patients suffering from an 'emergency medical condition. (
  • County-USC also has arrangements to transfer Medi-Cal patients to private hospitals when there are no available inpatient beds. (
  • Self-help methods for the treatment of this disorder are often overlooked by the medical profession because very few professionals are involved in them. (
  • RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS -A randomized (1:1), multicenter, two-arm, parallel design study with a recruiting period of up to 14 weeks and a 24-week treatment period. (
  • RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Ten type 1 diabetic patients with residual β-cell function (C-peptide positive) and 19 without (C-peptide negative) were studied. (
  • One of the methods for improving disease containment in the Plan was for the use of quarantine measures for nonadherent patients. (
  • Wounds that require weeks of treatment by ordinary methods get well in as many days when fermentation is prevented. (
  • The results of similar treatment in the management of pleural and papas abscesses show a decrease of fatality as compared with other methods. (
  • Methods 431 patients were randomised and received monthly intravenous sifalimumab (200 mg, 600 mg or 1200 mg) or placebo in addition to standard-of-care medications. (
  • This study will evaluate the efficacy and safety of NEUTRINO regimen in Chinese chronic HCV genotype 1b treatment-experienced patients. (
  • The present clinical trial evaluated the safety and efficacy of UC-II as compared to a combination of glucosamine and chondroitin (G+C) in the treatment of OA of the knee. (
  • The approval is based on results from the Phase 3 ALTA 1L trial, which is evaluating the safety and efficacy of ALUNBRIG compared to crizotinib in adult patients with ALK+ locally advanced or metastatic NSCLC who have not received prior treatment with an ALK inhibitor. (
  • Liposomal doxorubicin's efficacy and safety were demonstrated in a phase III, randomized, multicenter, international trial comparing the combination of this agent plus bortezomib vs bortezomib alone in multiple myeloma patients who had not previously received bortezomib and had received at least one prior therapy. (
  • The major violations and/or deviations that may have affected efficacy assessment were enrollment of patients who did not meet the criteria of measurable disease and use of protocol-contraindicated radiotherapy, other chemotherapeutics, or steroids during the trial. (
  • Following initial studies indicating significant anti-tumour activity of YNK01 a phase II trial was initiated in order to assess the tolerability and efficacy of a combination of this agent with interferon α-2b (IFN-α2b) in recently diagnosed chronic phase CML patients ( n = 98). (
  • This also means that, once the trial is completed, patients can no longer have access to CellCept, even if its efficacy is proven. (
  • Except for recent prospective studies in patients with anaplastic astrocytomas and glioblastoma multiforme, the efficacy of radiation therapy has been based on retrospective analyses of patients treated in single institutions. (
  • This study was conducted to compare the efficacy and safety of IRI-S versus S-1 monotherapy in patients with advanced or recurrent gastric cancer. (
  • The primary efficacy end point was the percentage of patients achieving an SLE responder index response at week 52. (
  • Results TLA devices were successfully installed in the bedrooms of 282 (90%) patients included in the primary efficacy analysis. (
  • The increased number of observations provided us with a unique opportunity to perform a pooled efficacy analysis and a post hoc targeted subgroup analysis to improve our understanding of nOH and to provide physicians with more extensive information about the use of droxidopa for the treatment of patients with nOH. (
  • The majority of patients, though, are not surgical candidates, which would include them in the new recommendations. (
  • Are refusals to be honored even if patients risk death, as do surgical patients religiously opposed to blood transfusion? (
  • Surgical aspects in the treatment of patients with unilateral wilms tumor: a report from the SIOP 93-01/German Society of Pediatric Oncology and He. (
  • To assess surgical aspects in the treatment of children with unilateral Wilms tumor based on data from the Cooperative Tumor Study SIOP 93-01 of the German Society of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology. (
  • Although multiple international study trials exist for the treatment of nephroblastoma, the impact of surgical details and the outcome of the patients have not yet been described comparing different approaches of the trials. (
  • Patients of Cole Surgical Arts in Fort Payne tell their stories of being diagnosed and treated locally for breast cancer. (
  • Murray is accused of administering the fatal dose of propofol, a drug usually used in a surgical setting, then failing to properly monitor his superstar patient. (
  • Has administered drugs in violation of state rules and potentially state law. (
  • Two months before Treasure Coast Forensic Treatment Center opened, the man who supplied its drugs was in jail. (
  • International health and drug-control agencies, including the UN Office on Drugs and Crime, the Joint UN Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), and the World Health Organization, recommend comprehensive, community-based harm reduction services, including evidence-based drug-dependence treatment and access to sterile syringes as essential to protect the health and human rights of people who use drugs. (
  • Doctors are within their rights to take certain gambles with novel drugs such as Viagra (originally developed as a treatment for hypertension) or to espouse unusual lifestyles such as the paleo diet. (
  • Importantly, evidence for its added value in patients already receiving prophylactic rectal non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) is lacking and the cost-effectiveness of the approach has not been investigated. (
  • Brain-Disabling Treatment in Psychiatry: Drugs, Electroshock and the Psychopharmaceutical Complex. (
  • The Committee will focus on the science of drugs, as opposed to the work of the ACMD which is not a scientific body, but one made up of a variety of people including drug treatment professionals, the police and magistrates. (
  • This 'fast-track' approval process demonstrates the Chinese government's determination to accelerate the introduction of highly innovative drugs to China's patients. (
  • As Takeda aims to put the patient at the center of everything we do, we are committed to leveraging our global R&D capabilities and local operations to accelerate the pace at which we bring innovative drugs to address the unmet needs of patients in China and support the government's 'Healthy China 2030' initiative. (
  • These drugs have many side effects, so most doctors and patients will know whether they get active or placebo. (
  • So, you subject people to forced treatment with very toxic drugs, and they don t even have an indication for treatment, because it s wrong. (
  • At various times, treatment has embraced exhortation and coercion, sermons and miracle drugs, democratic mutual aid, and autocratic professional prerogative - often simultaneously. (
  • It is common practice in pvt hospital for advance payment towards treatment during admission and final bill settlement at the time of discharge. (
  • Even some times, due to negligence of hospital staff, patient dies and they claim as patient condition was serious and just get rid of it. (
  • If family member of patient wants to complain, he/she is harassed by hospital and sometimes hospital register false complain of family members. (
  • Sometimes if patient is taken in hospital in serious condition if during treatment, he/she dies but doctor wont tell this to family members and shows that still the patient is under treatment for generating hefty bill. (
  • By the way, the treatment charges of a pvt hospital is too high to be beard by common public. (
  • Those who can bear pvt hospital prefer to go to pvt inspite of huge charges but poor person has no option and he/she die during treatment. (
  • If this policy is being made, doctors and hospital wont do any negligence and give treatment in proper way. (
  • One relief you can give to hospital/doctor that if patient is admitted in serious condition and if died during treatment, no complain will be registered against them. (
  • Timberlawn, once Dallas' premier psych hospital, is closing after patients have reported sexual assaults and other safety concerns. (
  • Timberlawn psychiatric hospital says it is voluntarily closing its doors, just a week after state officials threatened to shut down the century-old treatment center because it was too dangerous for patients. (
  • An employee who answered the phone Thursday said the hospital was still accepting new patients. (
  • Last August, Massachusetts regulators closed Westwood Lodge hospital after a long series of problems involving safety and patient care. (
  • But current hospital specialists, it is said, rarely know their patients (or themselves) well enough to make this assumption without serious risk of ignorant arrogance. (
  • After months of unsuccessful treatment in Arviat, she spent much of last winter in a hospital in southern Canada, but she continued to lose weight steadily. (
  • A 2010 report by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services inspector general estimated that 180,000 patients a year die from bad hospital care, and other estimates have been higher. (
  • The study by the inspector general of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) focused on skilled nursing care-treatment in nursing homes for up to 35 days after a patient was discharged from an acute care hospital. (
  • The patient later had a reaction to medication and a blood clot and had to be transferred to a hospital. (
  • A 'skilled nursing' facility provides specialized care and rehabilitation services to patients following a hospital stay of three days or more. (
  • The hospital failed to ensure the availability of competent and appropriate nurse staffing resources so that patients could receive prompt treatment. (
  • The patient shall also have the right to receive assistance from the physician and appropriate hospital staff in arranging for required follow-up care after discharge. (
  • Losheng Sanatorium, originally named Rakusei Sanatorium for Lepers of Governor-General of Taiwan Taiwan Sōtokufu Raibyō Rakuseiin ( 臺灣總督府癩病療養樂生院 ) , was built in 1929 during the Japanese colonial period and served as an isolation hospital for leprosy patients at that time. (
  • The Japanese government forced leprosy patients to live in this hospital. (
  • During the 1930s, Losheng Sanatorium was the first leprosy hospital and the only public sanatorium for leprosy patients in Taiwan. (
  • Although the government built a new hospital building nearby for settling the patients, the proposed demolition of the original compound still brought a series of debates and later a preservation movement. (
  • In 2002, the new housing projects, Huei Long Hospital (迴龍醫院) was initiated, but instead of 'houses' which were earlier promised to the patients, the new director gave them two tall buildings with modern hospital facilities. (
  • Moreover, the hospital management team forbids the patients from bringing with them personal belongings, from cooking, and from coming over to the front building, which policy is nothing less than discriminative. (
  • Much of the attention over the past few months has centered on murky questions of ethical and religious significance, with popular reactions ranging from outrage at the Catholic Church for its treatment of Sister McBride to a renunciation of the hospital for opposing church directives. (
  • In each situation described, the letter asserts, the hospital in question placed a woman's life or health at risk in direct violation of federal law. (
  • If the patient is evaluated within the required time frame, but the hospital has no psychiatric beds, the physician will try to transfer the patient to a hospital with bed space. (
  • This creates difficulty for the emergency department, which has an EMTALA obligation to place the patient in a secure setting for inpatient psychiatric care, while many of the private psychiatric facilities do not feel they have an EMTALA obligation to accept the patient, perhaps because they do not consider themselves a hospital. (
  • We expect that brentuximab vedotin will provide a better treatment option for CD30-positive lymphoma in China," said Professor Zhu Jun, Director of the Lymphoma Department at Beijing Cancer Hospital and Principal Investigator of the ADCETRIS registration study in China. (
  • The department schedules an appointment for the patients at the relevant hospital and files a request with the Israeli authorities for entry permits for the patients and those who are to accompany them to hospital. (
  • Section 1395dd(b) does not require proof that a hospital acted with an improper motive in failing to stabilize a patient. (
  • The Court of Appeals held that in order to recover in a suit alleging a violation of § 1395dd(b), a plaintiff must prove that the hospital acted with an improper motive in failing to stabilize her. (
  • The patient said she waited eight hours before deciding to seek treatment at another hospital, and in that time, no nurse took her vital signs, a practice she alleged put patients in danger. (
  • The reduction in beds forced the county in 2008 to transfer some patients to another county hospital in Downey. (
  • HIFU machines have been used in Europe longer than in the United States, although national health programs in the United Kingdom and elsewhere limit coverage to patients enrolled in clinical trials or other research programs. (
  • In addition, it is easy to recruit patients for clinical trials, as the multi-tier health system put in place in the 1990s makes certain treatments inaccessible for a big part of the population. (
  • All three clinical trials included patients with a diagnosis of a primary neurodegenerative disease and symptomatic nOH, and shared similar inclusion and exclusion criteria. (
  • EMTALA requires ERs to stabilize and treat all patients who enter the ER, regardless of their ability to pay. (
  • There, the court was concerned that the term 'appropriate' might be interpreted incorrectly to permit federal liability under EMTALA for any violation covered by state malpractice law. (
  • In these cases, patient some time die due to negligence or late treatment. (
  • Drug detention centers that hold drug users for long periods of time without providing evidence-based treatment violate these standards and are widely believed to be ineffective. (
  • The most up-to-date records of test results, medicines prescribed with dosage, and treatments are critical in providing the right care at the right time. (
  • Doctors use their judgment and experience all the time to recommend things to patients that regulatory bodies have not approved or that their peers might think inadvisable: "Yes, there are risks involved, but I don't wear a helmet when I ride my motorcycle, and I understand if you don't want to, either. (
  • The patients visited the treatment center before and at the time of insulin initiation and at 6, 12, and 24 weeks. (
  • The total time (visits and phone calls) spent in initiating insulin in the patients in groups (2.2 ± 0.1 h) was 48% less than in those treated individually (4.2 ± 0.2 h). (
  • At the same time, the treatment has long faced backlash from critics who say it simply swaps one drug for another. (
  • Getting addicts off needles, which can spread disease, was seen at the time as a major benefit of treatment. (
  • The authors comment on the general advantages of brachytherapy in the treatment of STS, including decreased treatment time and cost, improved patient comfort, and ability to safely dose escalate within the tumor bed. (
  • An interim analysis of time to disease progression (TTP), the primary end point, was conducted after 249 TTP events in this study that randomized 324 patients to liposomal doxorubicin plus bortezomib treatment and 322 patients to bortezomib monotherapy. (
  • Treatment intensity and duration appeared to be similar between the two arms, with a median number of treatment cycles of five for each arm at the time of interim analysis. (
  • About one-in-five Medicare patients who were hospitalized in 2011 spent time in a skilled nursing facility. (
  • In a prime example of the abortion industry's complete lack of care for its patients, Preterm abortion facility in Ohio kicked out a 25-year-old abortion patient at closing time even though she was hemorrhaging. (
  • There is more quality time for interaction with the patient and their families. (
  • They can spend more time with their patients. (
  • These patients have usually been collected over a long period of time and have been treated using a variety of techniques. (
  • The mean time patients remained at CTCs was 19.6 days (SD + 5.8 days) from the day of diagnosis until our study ended on March 23, 2020. (
  • All patients were from Daegu, where a large outbreak occurred, and tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 by real-time reverse transcription PCR (rRT-PCR) assays of upper respiratory tract (nasal and pharyngeal) or lower respiratory tract (sputum) specimens. (
  • Secondary endpoints included the time to treatment failure, 1- and 2-year survival rates, response rate, and safety. (
  • The median survival time with IRI-S versus S-1 monotherapy was 12.8 versus 10.5 months ( P = 0.233), time to treatment failure was 4.5 versus 3.6 months ( P = 0.157), and the 1-year survival rate was 52.0 versus 44.9%, respectively. (
  • Violations of federal law can cost millions of dollars and result in jail time where there is willful misconduct. (
  • Given the lengthy bureaucratic process involved in receiving a permit and the undeclared criteria for eligibility, even some patients in critical condition have not received permits in time and have not received the care they needed in time. (
  • The patient said a nurse told her that the average wait time was 35 hours. (
  • A host of new "nonsurgical' treatments are now also available using sophisticated machines to destroy cancer cells with proton beams or other types of high-dose radiation. (
  • So it is request to health minister to make such a policy for the patient who died during treatment that their whole treatment bill should be waived off. (
  • Florida's privatized Treasure Coast Forensic Treatment Center is tasked with restoring people's mental health enough to stand trial on felonies, and housing those found not guilty by reason of insanity. (
  • That would be hard to imagine why a company would keep somebody in a decision-making capacity if they've had that kind of conviction on their record," said Paul Gionfriddo, head of Mental Health America, a Virginia nonprofit that advocates for better mental health treatment. (
  • Nutraceuticals are defined as functional foods, natural products, or parts of food that provide medicinal, therapeutic, or health benefits, including the prevention or treatment of disease. (
  • the amount billed to or received from, in part or in whole, the health care benefit programs of the individuals referred to a particular recovery home, clinical treatment facility or laboratory. (
  • Patients sign off on an AOB ( assignment of benefits ), which relinquishes all payments from their health insurance to a specified entity. (
  • Restrictive drug regulations, lack of training for health care workers, and poorly integrated care result in needless suffering for patients because they cannot get inexpensive and effective pain medications. (
  • India's health care system abandons so many patients to severe pain," said Diederik Lohman, senior health and human rights researcher at Human Rights Watch. (
  • Human Rights Watch believes that governments have an obligation to ensure that essential medicines, including morphine, are available to patients and that health care workers receive adequate training in their use. (
  • It's unclear exactly when the last patient will leave Timberlawn, which was once a premier mental health facility but in recent years has had safety problems, including sexual assaults. (
  • Designate the treatment provider's responsibilities relating to mental health issues and duty to warn law in Pennsylvania. (
  • The OPTION Act's most significant reforms affect the tax treatment of health expenditures. (
  • A doctor must consider the public health and patient good in all that he says in his role as an expert. (
  • Those doctors who counsel otherwise - who distort what patients need to know to preserve their health or that of their children - have crossed a bright red line. (
  • The article reports that mental health tsar Louis Appleby has accused critics of the Mental Health Bill of scaremongering over proposals for compulsory treatment in the community. (
  • The article reports that the British government and opponents of the Mental Health Bill are refusing to budge on remaining areas of contention, including the use of compulsory community treatment. (
  • The article reports on the abandonment of the Mental Health Bill which was welcomed by campaigners but has warned that the British government's alternative plans could extend the use of compulsory treatment in Great Britain. (
  • The report) tells us what many of us have suspected-there are vast areas of health care where the field of patient safety has not matured,' said Dr. Marty Makary, a physician at Johns Hopkins Medicine in Baltimore who researches health care quality. (
  • John Sheridan, a member of the American College of Health Care Administrators, which represents nursing home executives, called the report valuable but noted that it sampled only a small number of patients. (
  • A fellow pediatrician considered the comparison "disgraceful": "To compare the plight of the Jews under Hitler to that of those who willingly forego a preventive treatment that safeguards not only the health of their children, but the community as a whole is to lose all moral grounding. (
  • Artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) has become the standard for antimalarial therapy worldwide and is recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) as first-line treatment for uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria since the beginning of the century [ 1 - 3 ]. (
  • The provision will be effective for any violation occurring after February 2009, but the Department of Health and Human Services has until 2012 to issue the regulation. (
  • health-care providers or other designated persons observe patients ingesting anti-TB medications. (
  • The general health of the patient is one of the most important considerations in determining the prognosis and the result of a wound. (
  • Thereafter, the patient will be advised to isolate at home and self-monitor their health for further seven days. (
  • Patients should monitor their health and regularly inform the health status to the district surveillance officer, who will facilitate further follow up by the surveillance teams. (
  • As per the guidelines, the states and districts should monitor all such cases, and that the health status of those under home isolation should be monitored by the field staff/surveillance teams through personal visits along with a dedicated call centre to follow up on the patients on a daily basis. (
  • Members of the National Institutes of Health Pain and Palliative Care Working Group (NIH-PPCWG) describe palliative care (supportive care) as the collaborative effort of an interdisciplinary team with expertise to address the physical, social, psychosocial, and spiritual needs of patients and their families. (
  • Eve Wiley (left) and her mother, Margo Williams, appeared before a Texas Senate panel in April to push for a law that was passed making it a state jail felony for a health care provider to implant human reproductive material from an unauthorized source without consent of the patient. (
  • The association's opposition hasn't stopped more than 150 doctors from registering with the Florida Department of Health to use cannabis to treat patients. (
  • The effect of high-flux hemodialysis membranes on patient survival has not been unequivocally determined. (
  • In summary, we did not detect a significant survival benefit with either high-flux or low-flux membranes in the population overall, but the use of high-flux membranes conferred a significant survival benefit among patients with serum albumin ≤4 g/dl. (
  • The apparent survival benefit among patients who have diabetes and are treated with high-flux membranes requires confirmation given the post hoc nature of our analysis. (
  • Whether this enhanced solute elimination of high-flux membranes translates into long-term benefits in terms of survival of long-term HD patients has not been backed by sound clinical data, although epidemiologic studies suggested a benefit for patients who were treated with high-flux compared with low-flux membranes. (
  • From the observed cumulative 2-yr survival rate in that study, 6 it was concluded that further studies should involve a sicker patient population to provide enough statistical power to demonstrate differences in patient survival and should include incident patients to avoid any carryover effect from the previous treatment modality and the selection bias toward survivors. (
  • The Hemodialysis (HEMO) Study, published while our trial was ongoing, was a randomized, four-arm, controlled clinical study that enrolled, in contrast to this study, prevalent patients to investigate patient survival. (
  • It showed no significant survival difference between the high-flux and the low-flux membrane types at primary analysis, 7 although secondary analyses pointed to an advantage for high-flux membranes in subgroups of patients. (
  • While the event-free survival for all groups is equal, there may be some long-term complications as a result of the more intensified therapy required for patients who suffer intraoperative ruptures. (
  • Patients were randomly assigned to oral S-1 (80 mg/m 2 daily for 28 days every 6 weeks) or oral S-1 (80 mg/m 2 daily for 21 days every 5 weeks) plus irinotecan (80 mg/m 2 by intravenous infusion on days 1 and 15 every 5 weeks) (IRI-S). The primary endpoint was overall survival. (
  • Patients' overall survival rates are low, and their quality of life is also negatively affected. (
  • Patients taking bevacizumab experienced more adverse side effects, but these were deemed mostly manageable, which helped lead to the NCCN recommendation. (
  • Transient gastrointestinal adverse effects occurred in almost all patients treated with liraglutide. (
  • Nineteen adverse events in nineteen patients were considered as possibly related to treatment, principally vomiting, abnormal liver function tests, and pruritus. (
  • There was no difference in adverse event rates between treatment groups. (
  • Adverse events: Determination of adverse events according to RD 223/2004 (Spanish regulation) Patient Compliance: By counting returned capsules and quantification of phytate in urine. (
  • CAMBRIDGE, Mass. & OSAKA, Japan--( BUSINESS WIRE )--Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Limited (TSE:4502/NYSE:TAK) today announced that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved ALUNBRIG (brigatinib) for adult patients with anaplastic lymphoma kinase-positive (ALK+) metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) as detected by an FDA-approved test. (
  • As a result, EKRA prohibits certain marketing practices from being used by the substance abuse treatment community and creates criminal penalties (fines of up to $200,000, imprisonment for up to 10 years or both) for each violation. (
  • Recovery homes, clinical treatment facilities and laboratories that employ or contract with individuals to provide marketing services should review their contracts and employment arrangements to ensure they comply with this new law in order to avoid possible criminal penalties. (
  • The law allows CDPH to impose administrative penalties with a maximum fine of $25,000 per violation. (
  • Violations of state privacy laws may also carry heavy fines and penalties, including imprisonment in certain circumstances. (
  • [ 5 , 6 ] Both regimens were associated with low acute toxicity rates, although elderly patients with lower creatinine clearance rates received doses as low as 4 g/m 2 . (
  • Explore the legal and ethical considerations for the treatment of minor populations in Pennsylvania with regard to age of consent, confidentiality and custody concerns. (
  • NEW YORK--( BUSINESS WIRE )--Med Biogene Inc. (TSX Venture: MBI), a Vancouver-based life sciences company, has been charged in Supreme Court for the County of New York with breach of agreement, violation of a confidentiality agreement and misuse of proprietary information, among other wrongdoings. (
  • In the treatment of soft tissue sarcoma (STS), limb sparing surgery is considered an acceptable alternative to amputation, but post-operative radiation is required for optimal local control. (
  • If disease persists after this course of treatment or if the child is older, they receive radiation therapy. (
  • About three-fourths of patients had grade 2+ gastrointestinal/genitourinary (GI/GU) toxicity with dose-painted (nonconformal) IMRT, almost identical to the rate seen in a previous trial of conventional radiation therapy. (
  • patients had received previous radiation therapy for optic gliomas. (
  • We cannot, however, agree that dissolving, weakening or replacing the traditional patient-physician relationship will do anything but exacerbate the situation. (
  • The patient brings his burden to the physician, asks for help, is offered help and expects to be helped and not injured. (
  • Unmollified critics, however, continue to insist that treatment choice belongs to the patient, however imprudent, and not to the physician, however attentive and knowing. (
  • Reiter added that even if the emergency room physician finds placement for a patient, they usually are not placed long enough to resolve their psychiatric needs. (
  • Dr. Joseph Rosado, a primary care physician in Orange City, has recommended the drug for four patients and as many as 30 others are awaiting the 90-day wait. (
  • A physician would not call and leave a voicemail for somebody when a patient had arrested,' Shafer said. (
  • Getting on that list is crucial and has resulted in a tug of war in many states, including several in which veterans have been unsuccessful in getting post-traumatic stress disorder approved for marijuana treatment. (
  • Background To investigate the routines for involuntary admissions and treatment according to the Swedish Compulsory Psychiatric Care Act in Swedish child and adolescent psychiatry. (
  • (4) To read a scientific book with an extensive chapter on ECT and a general presentation of the Brain-Disabling Principle of treatment in psychiatry, see P. Breggin (2008). (
  • Psychiatry without forced admission and treatment is a must. (
  • We sought to compare initiation of insulin individually and in groups with respect to change in A1C and several other parameters in type 2 diabetic patients. (
  • Either in groups of 4-8 or individually, using the same personnel and education program, 121 insulin-naive type 2 diabetic patients with an A1C of 7.0-12.0% were randomized to initiate bedtime insulin glargine. (
  • Overall, 802 patients were enrolled from 111 centres in 6 regions in this study. (
  • The present study was designed to test in a randomized fashion in poorly controlled insulin-naive patients with type 2 diabetes whether this is the case. (
  • We read with interest the article by Poli et al 1 regarding their recent study, from which the authors concluded that the observed rate of major bleeding in patients who began vitamin K antagonist at ≥80 years of age was acceptably low and that age in itself should not be considered a contraindication to vitamin K antagonist treatment. (
  • The injuries and deaths were caused by substandard treatment, inadequate monitoring, delays, or the failure to provide needed care, the study found. (
  • Projected nationally, the study estimated that 21,777 patients were harmed and 1,538 died due to substandard skilled nursing care during August 2011, the month for which records were sampled. (
  • The objective of this study was to monitor the effectiveness of artesunate-amodiaquine fixed-dose combination tablets (ASAQ Winthrop®) in the treatment of uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria in Côte d'Ivoire. (
  • The aim of this study is to compare the postoperative recurrence and cardiovascular complication rates of patients undergoing burr-hole trepanation for cSDH with and without discontinuation of ASA. (
  • The 3 CTCs that participated in this study each had a capacity to house 136-235 patients ( Figure 1 ). (
  • The C-ATM is a comprehensive program of study, addressing the most important topics with which new and experienced addiction treatment marketers should be familiar. (
  • Patient selection and study designs for the individual studies have been published previously, and are described briefly in the following sections. (
  • Low-intensity deviant behavior with ambiguous intent to harm the target, in violation of norms for mutual respect. (
  • These learning laboratories are places and networks where transdisciplinary teams identify closely related threats to diagnostic or treatment efforts associated with a high burden of harm and cost. (
  • One-in-three patients in skilled nursing facilities suffered a medication error, infection, or some other type of harm related to their treatment, according to a government report that underscores the widespread nature of the country's patient harm problem. (
  • The doctors found that 22 percent of patients suffered events that caused lasting harm, and another 11 percent were temporarily harmed. (
  • The potential harm of interpreting as transference and resistance all group members' negative treatment reactions will be addressed. (
  • And then you conclude that my new drug is better than if I harm the control-group patients. (
  • Access to drug dependency treatment within the centers was either restricted to a small subset of the center's population, who were also required to adhere to a rigid and punishing forced labor regimen, or nonexistent. (
  • Treatment and management strategies for children whose blood levels are equal to or greater than the reference value include nutritional education and intervention (as indicated), lead educational intervention, ongoing monitoring, and coordination with other organizations. (
  • Other alleged violations being investigated in your complaint include unprofessional and unethical conduct," it added. (
  • New York) - Hundreds of thousands of people identified as drug users in China and across Southeast Asia are held without due process in centers where they may be subjected to torture, and physical and sexual violence in the name of "treatment," Human Rights Watch said in a briefing paper released today. (
  • International donors and United Nations agencies have supported and funded drug detention centers that systematically deny people rights to effective HIV and drug dependency treatment, and have ignored forced labor and abuse. (
  • More than 350,000 people identified as drug users are detained in the name of "treatment" in these countries for periods of up to five years. (
  • They are ineffective, abusive, and are detaining people in violation of international law. (
  • Through a robust clinical development program and ongoing investigations across the NSCLC treatment landscape, Takeda is committed to uncovering solutions for people living with devastating forms of lung cancer in need of new options. (
  • Patients who are not yet ready to quit smoking can be encouraged to reduce the amount they smoke and provided with support in the same way as people who have committed to complete abstinence from tobacco. (
  • They have become more humane places for treatment, not places to contain people. (
  • But most people with autism are often subjected to stigma, discrimination and human rights violation. (
  • Or instead read and print out the same text in the form of a free color brochure "No One Should Be Given Shock Treatment" that is intended for patients, their families, and other concerned people. (
  • People develop PTSD when they either experience or witness or learn about an event involving actual or threatened death, serious injury or sexual violation. (
  • In December 2015 the media reported that Israel had raised the minimum age threshold for people accompanying patients, now allowing into Israel only individuals over the age of 55. (
  • In virtually all trials, you take people who are already in treatment, and then you have a short washout period of, typically, up to a week. (