A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria found in humans and other animals including MAMMALS; BIRDS; REPTILES; and AMPHIBIANS. It has also been isolated from SOIL and WATER as well as from clinical specimens such as URINE; THROAT; SPUTUM; BLOOD; and wound swabs as an opportunistic pathogen.
A family of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that do not form endospores. Its organisms are distributed worldwide with some being saprophytes and others being plant and animal parasites. Many species are of considerable economic importance due to their pathogenic effects on agriculture and livestock.
Microbial Sensitivity Tests
A genus of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that occurs in the intestines of humans and a wide variety of animals, as well as in manure, soil, and polluted waters. Its species are pathogenic, causing urinary tract infections and are also considered secondary invaders, causing septic lesions at other sites of the body.
One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.
A genus of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria whose organisms arrange singly, in pairs, or short chains. This genus is commonly found in the intestinal tract and is an opportunistic pathogen that can give rise to bacteremia, pneumonia, urinary tract and several other types of human infection.
A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria (GRAM-NEGATIVE FACULTATIVELY ANAEROBIC RODS) commonly found in the lower part of the intestine of warm-blooded animals. It is usually nonpathogenic, but some strains are known to produce DIARRHEA and pyogenic infections. Pathogenic strains (virotypes) are classified by their specific pathogenic mechanisms such as toxins (ENTEROTOXIGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI), etc.
Four-membered cyclic AMIDES, best known for the PENICILLINS based on a bicyclo-thiazolidine, as well as the CEPHALOSPORINS based on a bicyclo-thiazine, and including monocyclic MONOBACTAMS. The BETA-LACTAMASES hydrolyze the beta lactam ring, accounting for BETA-LACTAM RESISTANCE of infective bacteria.
A spiral bacterium active as a human gastric pathogen. It is a gram-negative, urease-positive, curved or slightly spiral organism initially isolated in 1982 from patients with lesions of gastritis or peptic ulcers in Western Australia. Helicobacter pylori was originally classified in the genus CAMPYLOBACTER, but RNA sequencing, cellular fatty acid profiles, growth patterns, and other taxonomic characteristics indicate that the micro-organism should be included in the genus HELICOBACTER. It has been officially transferred to Helicobacter gen. nov. (see Int J Syst Bacteriol 1989 Oct;39(4):297-405).
A parliamentary democracy with a constitutional monarch in southeast Asia, consisting of 11 states (West Malaysia) on the Malay Peninsula and two states (East Malaysia) on the island of BORNEO. It is also called the Federation of Malaysia. Its capital is Kuala Lumpur. Before 1963 it was the Union of Malaya. It reorganized in 1948 as the Federation of Malaya, becoming independent from British Malaya in 1957 and becoming Malaysia in 1963 as a federation of Malaya, Sabah, Sarawak, and Singapore (which seceded in 1965). The form Malay- probably derives from the Tamil malay, mountain, with reference to its geography. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p715 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p329)
Infections with organisms of the genus HELICOBACTER, particularly, in humans, HELICOBACTER PYLORI. The clinical manifestations are focused in the stomach, usually the gastric mucosa and antrum, and the upper duodenum. This infection plays a major role in the pathogenesis of type B gastritis and peptic ulcer disease.
Lining of the STOMACH, consisting of an inner EPITHELIUM, a middle LAMINA PROPRIA, and an outer MUSCULARIS MUCOSAE. The surface cells produce MUCUS that protects the stomach from attack by digestive acid and enzymes. When the epithelium invaginates into the LAMINA PROPRIA at various region of the stomach (CARDIA; GASTRIC FUNDUS; and PYLORUS), different tubular gastric glands are formed. These glands consist of cells that secrete mucus, enzymes, HYDROCHLORIC ACID, or hormones.
False Negative Reactions
A combustible, gaseous mixture of low-molecular weight PARAFFIN hydrocarbons, generated below the surface of the earth. It contains mostly METHANE and ETHANE with small amounts of PROPANE; BUTANES; and higher hydrocarbons, and sometimes NITROGEN; CARBON DIOXIDE; HYDROGEN SULFIDE; and HELIUM. (from McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
A circumscribed collection of purulent exudate in the brain, due to bacterial and other infections. The majority are caused by spread of infected material from a focus of suppuration elsewhere in the body, notably the PARANASAL SINUSES, middle ear (see EAR, MIDDLE); HEART (see also ENDOCARDITIS, BACTERIAL), and LUNG. Penetrating CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA and NEUROSURGICAL PROCEDURES may also be associated with this condition. Clinical manifestations include HEADACHE; SEIZURES; focal neurologic deficits; and alterations of consciousness. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp712-6)
Inflammation of the coverings of the brain and/or spinal cord, which consist of the PIA MATER; ARACHNOID; and DURA MATER. Infections (viral, bacterial, and fungal) are the most common causes of this condition, but subarachnoid hemorrhage (HEMORRHAGES, SUBARACHNOID), chemical irritation (chemical MENINGITIS), granulomatous conditions, neoplastic conditions (CARCINOMATOUS MENINGITIS), and other inflammatory conditions may produce this syndrome. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1994, Ch24, p6)
"Citrobacter infection data for Ikbkap". Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute. Gerdin AK (2010). "The Sanger Mouse Genetics Programme ... With the use of blood samples from diagnosed patients, the implicated region was successfully sequenced. The IKBKAP gene, one ... The resulting symptoms of patients include gastrointestinal dysfunction, scoliosis, and pain insensitivity. This disease is ... "Kinetin improves IKBKAP mRNA splicing in patients with familial dysautonomia". Pediatric Research. 70 (5): 480-3. doi:10.1203/ ...
Where some patients may be asymptomatic, others may present with septic shock. Symptoms can vary greatly from patient to ... Citrobacter and Enterococci have also been found to cause emphysematous cystitis. Although it is a rare type of bladder ... The patient went on to develop disseminated intravascular coagulopathy and acute respiratory distress syndrome. After a stay in ... Patients diagnosed with Emphysematous Cystitis are also commonly diagnosed with urinary tract infections and sepsis. Cases of ...
These antigens can be used in laboratory to detect the presence of antibodies against certain Rickettsia species in patients' ... eds.). Escherichia, Klebsiella, Enterobacter, Serratia, Citrobacter, and Proteus. In: Barron's Medical Microbiology (4th ed.). ...
Samet found a 6% incidence among 283 such patients, but after excluding patients with initially apparent major illness to ... Citrobacter koseri was found in an immunocompetent adult. Neisseria bacilliformis was found in a person with a bicuspid aortic ... It is associated with endocarditis in people who inject drugs, patients with prosthetic valves, and immunocompromised patients ... Patients may also have a history of poor dental hygiene, or pre-existing valvular disease. Viridans alpha-hemolytic ...
Around 20% of patients develop presenile cataracts. About 50% of MYH9-RD patients present chronic or intermittent elevation of ... "Citrobacter infection data for Myh9". Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute. Gerdin AK (2010). "The Sanger Mouse Genetics Programme: ... The majority of patients have no spontaneous bleeding or only mild cutaneous bleeding (easy bruising) and are at risk of ... Some patients have spontaneous mucosal bleeding, such as menorrhagia, epistaxis, and gum bleeding. Severe and life-threatening ...
"Citrobacter infection data for Smyd3". Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute. Gerdin AK (2010). "The Sanger Mouse Genetics Programme ... "Overexpression of SMYD3 and matrix metalloproteinase-9 are associated with poor prognosis of patients with gastric cancer". ...
In patients with very low white blood cell counts, granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor may be given. Depending on ... Citrobacter freundii, Klebsiella pneumoniae, various other Pseudomonas species, and Morganella morganii. The primary skin ... It mostly occurs in patients with underlying immunocompromise (e.g. malignancy or HIV). Although most cases are due to ... Conditions which lead to the development of an immunocompromised state make the patient more susceptible to ecthyma gangrenosum ...
Whalen, J. G.; Mully, T. W.; English, J. C. (2007). "Spontaneous Citrobacter freundii Infection in an Immunocompetent Patient ... "Citrobacter freundii". NCBI Taxonomy Browser. 546. Type strain of Citrobacter freundii at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity ... The genus Citrobacter was discovered in 1932 by Werkman and Gillen. Cultures of C. freundii were isolated and identified in the ... Citrobacter freundii is a species of facultative anaerobic gram-negative bacteria of the family Enterobacteriaceae. The ...
Arens, Sofie; Verhaegen, Jan; Verbist, Ludo (1997). "Differentiation and susceptibility ofCitrobacterisolates from patients in ... "Citrobacter gillenii" at the Encyclopedia of Life LPSN Type strain of Citrobacter gillenii at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity ... Citrobacter gillenii is a species of Gram-negative bacteria. Brenner, Don J.; et al. (1999). "Biochemical Identification ... 2002). "Structures of two O-chain polysaccharides of Citrobacter gillenii O9a,9b lipopolysaccharide. A new homopolymer of 4- ...
2005). "Citrobacter braakii, an unusual organism as cause of acute peritonitis in PD patients". Peritoneal Dialysis ... nov., Citrobacter youngae sp. nov., Citrobacter braakii sp. nov., Citrobacter werkmanii sp. nov., Citrobacter sedlakii sp. nov ... "Citrobacter braakii" at the Encyclopedia of Life LPSN Type strain of Citrobacter braakii at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity ... Arens, Sofie; Verhaegen, Jan; Verbist, Ludo (1997). "Differentiation and susceptibility of Citrobacter isolates from patients ...
Arens, Sofie; Verhaegen, Jan; Verbist, Ludo (1997). "Differentiation and susceptibility of Citrobacterisolates from patients in ... "Citrobacter murliniae" at the Encyclopedia of Life LPSN Type strain of Citrobacter murliniae at BacDive - the Bacterial ... Citrobacter murliniae is a species of bacteria. Brenner, Don J.; et al. (1999). "Biochemical Identification ofCitrobacter ... FormerlyCitrobacter Genomospecies 10) and Citrobacter murliniae sp. nov. (Formerly CitrobacterGenomospecies 11)". Journal of ...
Arens, Sofie; Verhaegen, Jan; Verbist, Ludo (1997). "Differentiation and susceptibility ofCitrobacterisolates from patients in ... nov., Citrobacter youngae sp. nov., Citrobacter braakii sp. nov., Citrobacter werkmanii sp. nov., Citrobacter sedlakii sp. nov ... "Citrobacter werkmanii" at the Encyclopedia of Life LPSN Type strain of Citrobacter werkmanii at BacDive - the Bacterial ... Citrobacter werkmanii is a Gram-negative species of bacteria. Brenner, D. J.; Grimont, P. A. D.; Steigerwalt, A. G.; Fanning, G ...
Arens, Sofie; Verhaegen, Jan; Verbist, Ludo (1997). "Differentiation and susceptibility ofCitrobacterisolates from patients in ... "Citrobacter rodentium" at the Encyclopedia of Life LPSN Type strain of Citrobacter rodentium at BacDive - the Bacterial ... Citrobacter rodentium is a Gram-negative species of bacteria. Schauer DB, Zabel BA, Pedraza IF, O'Hara CM, Steigerwalt AG, ... Mundy R, MacDonald TT, Dougan G, Frankel G, Wiles S (2005). "Citrobacter rodentium of mice and man". Cell Microbiol. 7 (12): ...
Chen KJ, Chen TH, Sue YM (2013). "Citrobacter youngae and Pantoea agglomerans peritonitis in a peritoneal dialysis patient". ... nov., Citrobacter youngae sp. nov., Citrobacter braakii sp. nov., Citrobacter werkmanii sp. nov., Citrobacter sedlakii sp. nov ... "Citrobacter youngae" at the Encyclopedia of Life LPSN Type strain of Citrobacter youngae at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity ... Citrobacter youngae is a Gram-negative species of bacteria. Brenner, D. J.; Grimont, P. A. D.; Steigerwalt, A. G.; Fanning, G. ...
"Fatal Citrobacter farmeri Meningitis in a Patient with Nasopharyngeal Cancer". Journal of Clinical Microbiology. 48 (4): 1499- ... nov., Citrobacter youngae sp. nov., Citrobacter braakii sp. nov., Citrobacter werkmanii sp. nov., Citrobacter sedlakii sp. nov ... "Citrobacter farmeri" at the Encyclopedia of Life LPSN Type strain of Citrobacter farmeri at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity ... Bardiya, Nirmala; Bae, JaeHo (2004). "Role of Citrobacter amalonaticus and Citrobacter farmeri in dissimilatory perchlorate ...
Therefore, it can sometime be used to predict patient prognosis. Patients with mutations in the thymidine kinase gene may have ... "Crystal structure of the Citrobacter freundii dihydroxyacetone kinase reveals an eight-stranded alpha-helical barrel ATP- ...
The IGNITE 2 trial compared 7 days of IV eravacycline to IV levofloxacin with the option to convert patients in either group to ... Klebsiella oxytoca Enterobacter species Citrobacter species Proteus mirabilis Serratia marcescens Similar to other tetracycline ... Overall, eravacyline was inferior to levofloxacin in response rate (60.4 vs 66.9%); however it was noted that patients who ... "Tetraphase Pharmaceuticals Doses First Patient in IGNITE3 Phase 3 Clinical Trial of Once-daily IV Eravacycline in cUTI (NASDAQ: ...
Plasma elimination half-life is around 4 to 5 hours in patients and 6.4 to 7.4 hours in elderly patients. Ofloxacin is a ... Streptococcus pyogenes Aerobic Gram-negative microorganisms Citrobacter koseri (Citrobacter diversus) Enterobacter aerogenes ... The overall rate of adverse events in patients treated with fluoroquinolones is roughly similar to that seen in patients ... patients with psychiatric illnesses and in patients with epilepsy or other seizure disorders. Ofloxacin has not been shown to ...
The common dose is 2 g intravenously every 12 hours and the high dose, notably in critically ill patients, is 2g every 8 hours ... It is normally active against Moraxella catarrhalis, Brucella abortus, Burkholderia cepacia, Citrobacter species, Escherichia ... Temocillin may be given to patients with impaired renal function after the dose has been adapted: In case of intermittent high- ... In particular, it has been associated with angioedema and anaphylaxis in penicillin-allergic patients. Animal studies have not ...
Patients who are in the ICU for head trauma or other severe neurologic illness, as well as patients who are in the ICU for ... Citrobacter also has an inducible ampC gene. Stenotrophomonas maltophilia often colonizes people who have tracheal tubes but ... Further, patients hospitalized for blunt trauma are at a higher risk of developing VAP compared to patients with penetrating ... compared to patients without COVID-19 ventilated in the same unit and patients who had viral pneumonitis arising from viruses ...
A small patient study finds that the absence of STARD13 in hepatocellular carcinomas correlates with higher levels of RhoA and ... "Citrobacter infection data for Stard13". Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute. Gerdin AK (2010). "The Sanger Mouse Genetics ... Female homozygous mutants had an increased susceptibility to Citrobacter infection and displayed a decreased hematocrit and ... a poorer prognosis than patients with carcinomas that were STARD13-positive. Model organisms have been used in the study of ...
Furthermore, carbapenems are also contraindicated in patients who are taking valproic acid for seizures, as it has been shown ... Citrobacter freundii, Proteus mirabilis, and Serratia marcescens. Activity is maintained against most strains of E. coli and K ... Carbapenems are contraindicated in patients with prior allergic reactions to beta lactam antibiotics. In addition, as the ... Neutropenic Sepsis: Prevention and Management of Neutropenic Sepsis in Cancer Patients - National Library of Medicine - PubMed ...
The total daily dose ranged widely from 0.5 to 50 g. The total cumulative dose ranged from 0.5 to 721 g. In those patients who ... Gram-negative bacteria (MIC of 0.5-5 mg/mL): Aerobacter species, Citrobacter species, Enterobacter species, Escherichia coli, ... Olthof ED, Rentenaar RJ, Rijs AJ, Wanten GJ (August 2013). "Absence of microbial adaptation to taurolidine in patients on home ... Clinical trials begun in 1975 in patients with severe peritonitis. Taurolidine demonstrates some anti-tumor properties, with ...
The compound should not be administered to patients with epilepsy or a personal history of previous convulsive attacks as may ... Gram-negative bacteria include: Acinetobacter, Citrobacter, Campylobacter, Escherichia coli, Haemophilus influenzae, Klebsiella ... Theophylline: in patients treated concurrently with theophylline and enoxacin, concentrations of the methylxanthine in plasma ... Huttunen M, Kunnas K, Saloranta P (February 1988). "Enoxacin treatment of urinary tract infections in elderly patients". J. ...
Patients who lack RhD/RhCE/RhAG on the surface of their erythrocytes have hemolytic anemia. Antibodies to the RhD protein can ... "Citrobacter infection data for Rhd". Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute. Gerdin AK (2010). "The Sanger Mouse Genetics Programme: ...
"Citrobacter infection data for Arhgap25". Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute. Gerdin AK (2010). "The Sanger Mouse Genetics ... "Mutation of ARHGAP9 in patients with coronary spastic angina". Journal of Human Genetics. 55 (1): 42-9. doi:10.1038/jhg. ...
... can also be used in vulnerable populations such as immunocompromised patients or patients with cancer. Tigecycline ... Tigecycline is indicated for treatment of complicated intra-abdominal infections caused by; Citrobacter freundii, Enterobacter ...
When full-thickness biopsies from the lesional skin of patients with psoriasis were exposed to FICZ, 29 genes belonging to the ... and they do not survive infection by the intestinal pathogen Citrobacter rodentium. The same authors reported that in wild-type ... FICZ treatment of lamina propria mononuclear cells from Crohn's disease patients resulted in decreased IFN-γ expression and up- ... and in extracts of skin originating from patients with the Malassezia-associated diseases seborrhoeic dermatitis (SD) or ...
"Citrobacter infection data for Dhcr24". Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute. White JK, Gerdin AK, Karp NA, et al. (July 2013). " ... Also, reduced expression of the gene occurs in the temporal cortex of Alzheimer disease patients and overexpression has been ...
The antibiotic may be used for patients who are allergic to penicillin due to the different β-lactam antibiotic structure. The ... Currently, some Citrobacter freundii, Enterobacter cloacae, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, and Escherichia coli strains are resistant ... Hence, it was commonly stated that they are contraindicated in patients with a history of severe, immediate allergic reactions ... The commonly quoted figure of 10% of patients with allergic hypersensitivity to penicillins and/or carbapenems also having ...
Urinary tract infection
"Recurrent uncomplicated cystitis in women: allowing patients to self-initiate antibiotic therapy". Rev Prescire. 23 (146): 47-9 ... Citrobacter koseri/Citrobacter freundii. Lac−. H2S+. *Salmonella enterica *Typhoid fever, Paratyphoid fever, Salmonellosis ... "Ten Things Physicians and Patients Should Question", Choosing Wisely: an initiative of the ABIM Foundation, AMDA - The Society ... "Five Things Physicians and Patients Should Question", Choosing Wisely: an initiative of the ABIM Foundation, American ...
In patients who may have disseminated gonococcal infection (DGI), all possible mucosal sites should be cultured (e.g., pharynx ... Citrobacter koseri/Citrobacter freundii. Lac−. H2S+. *Salmonella enterica *Typhoid fever, Paratyphoid fever, Salmonellosis ... Cities hired public health doctors to treat afflicted patients without right of refusal. Pope Boniface rescinded the ... One option for treating sexual partners of people infected is patient-delivered partner therapy (PDPT), which involves ...
Patients can be lethargic and might have sunken eyes, dry mouth, cold clammy skin, or wrinkled hands and feet. Kussmaul ... Citrobacter koseri/Citrobacter freundii. Lac−. H2S+. *Salmonella enterica *Typhoid fever, Paratyphoid fever, Salmonellosis ... The most common error in caring for patients with cholera is to underestimate the speed and volume of fluids required. In ... More recently, in 2002, Alam, et al., studied stool samples from patients at the International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease in ...
The patient will be advised to replace fluids lost through diarrhea. If the infection is severe, the doctor may prescribe ... Citrobacter koseri/Citrobacter freundii. Lac−. H2S+. *Salmonella enterica *Typhoid fever, Paratyphoid fever, Salmonellosis ...
Such patients may benefit from antimicrobial therapy. A 2000 literature review found that antibiotic treatment shortens the ... Citrobacter koseri/Citrobacter freundii. Lac−. H2S+. *Salmonella enterica *Typhoid fever, Paratyphoid fever, Salmonellosis ... They should be avoided in patients with fever, bloody diarrhea, and possible inflammatory diarrhea. Adverse reactions may ...
ಜಠರ/ಜಠರೀಯ ಹುಣ್ಣು/ವ್ರಣ - ವಿಕಿಪೀಡಿಯ
Marshall B.J., Warren J.R. (1984). "Unidentified curved bacilli in the stomach patients with gastritis and peptic ulceration". ... Citrobacter koseri/Citrobacter freundii. Lac-. H2S+. *Salmonella enterica *Typhoid fever, Paratyphoid fever, Salmonellosis ... Salih, Barik (June 2007). "H pylori infection and other risk factors associated with peptic ulcers in Turkish patients: A ...
Patients suffering from meningococcal disease are treated with a large dose of antibiotic. The systemic antibiotic flowing ... Citrobacter koseri/Citrobacter freundii. Lac−. H2S+. *Salmonella enterica *Typhoid fever, Paratyphoid fever, Salmonellosis ... The patient with meningococcal meningitis typically presents with high fever, nuchal rigidity (stiff neck), Kernig's sign, ... Laboratory personnel and medical staff are at risk of exposure to N. meningitides or to patients with meningococcal disease. ...
To quickly screen for the Y. pestis antigen in patients, rapid dipstick tests have been developed for field use. ... Citrobacter koseri/Citrobacter freundii. Lac−. H2S+. *Salmonella enterica *Typhoid fever, Paratyphoid fever, Salmonellosis ... Ideally, confirmation is through the identification of Y. pestis culture from a patient sample. Confirmation of infection can ...
"Citrobacter infection data for S100b". Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute.. *^ a b c Gerdin AK (2010). "The Sanger Mouse Genetics ... 8] An extremely important application of serum S100B testing is in the selection of patients with minor head injury who do not ... Serum levels of S100B increase in patients during the acute phase of brain damage. Over the last decade, S100B has emerged as a ...
"Citrobacter infection data for Optn". Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute.. *^ a b c Gerdin AK (2010). "The Sanger Mouse Genetics ... "Evaluation of optineurin sequence variations in 1,048 patients with open-angle glaucoma". American Journal of Ophthalmology. ... "The association between Japanese primary open-angle glaucoma and normal tension glaucoma patients and the optineurin gene". ... "Lack of association of mutations in optineurin with disease in patients with adult-onset primary open-angle glaucoma" ...
List of parasites of humans
Blastocystis is now by far the most prevalent mono-infection in symptomatic patients in the United States  and was found ... Citrobacter koseri/Citrobacter freundii. Lac−. H2S+. *Salmonella enterica *Typhoid fever, Paratyphoid fever, Salmonellosis ... Prevalence. Nine hundred sixteen (32%) of 2,896 tested patients were infected with 18 species of intestinal parasites in the ... intestinal mucosa, may become invasive in some patients stool (diarrhea=ciliated trophozoite; solid stool=large cyst with ...
In these same studies, ceftolozane-tazobactam exhibited MIC90 values of ,1 μg/mL for Escherichia coli, Citrobacter koseri, ... subjects with varying degrees of renal function and patients with bacterial infections". Journal of Clinical Pharmacology. 55 ( ...
In white-skinned patients, pink spots, which fade on pressure, appear on the skin of the trunk in up to 20% of cases. In the ... Citrobacter koseri/Citrobacter freundii. Lac−. H2S+. *Salmonella enterica *Typhoid fever, Paratyphoid fever, Salmonellosis ... Dehydration ensues, and the patient is delirious (typhoid state). One-third of affected individuals develop a macular rash on ... Small-bowel resection is indicated for patients with multiple perforations.. If antibiotic treatment fails to eradicate the ...
Hepatitis D bahasa Indonesia, ensiklopedia bebas
"Survival and prognostic factors in 366 patients with compensated cirrhosis type B: a multicenter study". Journal of Hepatology ... "Infection with enteric pathogens Salmonella typhimurium and Citrobacter rodentium modulate TGF-beta/Smad signaling pathways in ...
Peptic ulcer disease
"Home Health Handbook for Patients & Caregivers. Merck Manuals. October 2006. Archived from the original on 28 December 2011.. ... Citrobacter koseri/Citrobacter freundii. Lac−. H2S+. *Salmonella enterica *Typhoid fever, Paratyphoid fever, Salmonellosis ... Steinberg KP (June 2002). "Stress-related mucosal disease in the critically ill patient: risk factors and strategies to prevent ... Marshall BJ, Warren JR (June 1984). "Unidentified curved bacilli in the stomach of patients with gastritis and peptic ...
Anyone who frequently ate, slept or stayed at the patient's home during the 7 days before the onset of symptom, or those who ... Citrobacter koseri/Citrobacter freundii. Lac−. H2S+. *Salmonella enterica *Typhoid fever, Paratyphoid fever, Salmonellosis ... All recent contacts of the infected patient over the 7 days before onset should receive medication to prevent them from ... In 1887 Anton Weichselbaum isolated the bacterium from the CSF of patients with bacterial meningitis. He named the ...
Citrobacter koseri/Citrobacter freundii. Lac−. H2S+. *Salmonella enterica *Typhoid fever, Paratyphoid fever, Salmonellosis ... Patient UK: Plague (disease). *Orphanet: 707. *WHO Health topic. *CDC Plague map world distribution, publications, information ...
The exclusion applies until two consecutive stool specimens are taken from the infected patient and are reported negative. ... Citrobacter koseri/Citrobacter freundii. Lac−. H2S+. *Salmonella enterica *Typhoid fever, Paratyphoid fever, Salmonellosis ... healthcare/daycare staff who are involved in patient care and/or child care, children attending unsanitary daycare centers, and ...
"Citrobacter infection data for Pdcd10". Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute. Gerdin AK (2010). "The Sanger Mouse Genetics Programme ... Labauge P, Krivosic V, Denier C, Tournier-Lasserve E, Gaudric A (Jun 2006). "Frequency of retinal cavernomas in 60 patients ...
"Citrobacter infection data for Ptges2". Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute. Gerdin AK (2010). "The Sanger Mouse Genetics Programme ... "Microsomal prostaglandin E synthase protein levels correlate with prognosis in colorectal cancer patients". Virchows Archiv. ...
They are primarily used in current and former neutropenic patients, and patients with biliary tract infections. Other uses ... Klebsiella pneumoniae and Citrobacter freundii were used to test a ~10g every 24 hour dosing interval for continuous infusion. ... A reduced dosage or alteration in the interval of administration is recommended for patients lying under 40ml/min of CrCl, ... Wolf MF, Simon A (January 2009). "The use of piperacillin-tazobactam in neonatal and paediatric patients". Expert Opinion on ...
"Citrobacter infection data for Gfm1". Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute. Gerdin AK (2010). "The Sanger Mouse Genetics Programme: ... 2007). "Infantile encephalopathy and defective mitochondrial DNA translation in patients with mutations of mitochondrial ... "The molecular basis for tissue specificity of the oxidative phosphorylation deficiencies in patients with mutations in the ...
Urine test strip
This type of analysis is very common in the control and monitoring of diabetic patients. The time taken for the appearance of ... Citrobacter and Proteus) have enzymes that reduce the nitrate present in urine to nitrite. The test is a rapid screen for ... On the other hand, certain illnesses require a patient to keep the pH of their urine within given narrow margins, whether to ... A urine test strip or dipstick is a basic diagnostic tool used to determine pathological changes in a patient's urine in ...
Pathogenic Escherichia coli
The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommend that "all stools submitted for routine testing from patients with ... coli antigens but from Citrobacter freundii, and H50 was found to be the same as H10). In humans and in domestic animals, ... because it does not involve selection of phages with activity against a patient's specific strain of bacterium. Researchers ... acute community-acquired diarrhea (regardless of patient age, season of the year, or presence or absence of blood in the stool ...
Qi Q, Yi L, Yang C, Chen H, Shen L, Mo X, Hu Y, Wang Y (Dec 2008). "[Mutation analysis of the CHD7 gene in patients with ... "Citrobacter infection data for Chd7". Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute. Gerdin AK (2010). "The Sanger Mouse Genetics Programme: ... Van de Laar I, Dooijes D, Hoefsloot L, Simon M, Hoogeboom J, Devriendt K (Nov 2007). "Limb anomalies in patients with CHARGE ... Wincent J, Schulze A, Schoumans J (2009). "Detection of CHD7 deletions by MLPA in CHARGE syndrome patients with a less typical ...
Extremely Drug-Resistant Citrobacter freundii Isolate Producing NDM-1 and Other Carbapenemases Identified in a Patient...
Extremely Drug-Resistant Citrobacter freundii Isolate Producing NDM-1 and Other Carbapenemases Identified in a Patient ... Extremely Drug-Resistant Citrobacter freundii Isolate Producing NDM-1 and Other Carbapenemases Identified in a Patient ... Extremely Drug-Resistant Citrobacter freundii Isolate Producing NDM-1 and Other Carbapenemases Identified in a Patient ... Extremely Drug-Resistant Citrobacter freundii Isolate Producing NDM-1 and Other Carbapenemases Identified in a Patient ...
Genomic characterization of Citrobacter freundii strains coproducing OXA-48 and VIM-1 carbapenemase enzymes isolated in...
Twelve fecal samples, collected between 2013 and 2015 from 9 patients with AL, were screened for the presence of CP strains by ... Three carbapenem-resistant C. freundii strains (imipenem MIC≥32 mg/L) corresponding to three different AL patients were ... freundii clinical isolates recovered from fecal samples of patients with acute leukemia (AL) from Spain. ... freundii clone ST169 coproducing OXA-48 and VIM-1 identified in leukemic patients. ...
Citrobacter koseri (strain ATCC BAA-895 / CDC 4225-83 / SGSC4696)
Citrobacter infection is commonly reported in neonates and immunocompromised patients. Citrobacter koseri, formerly known as ... This proteome is part of the Citrobacter koseri pan proteome (fasta) The genus Citrobacter was originally distinguished from ... It adults, however, Citrobacter infection with central nervous system involvement is rare, and is usually associated with an ... Citrobacter koseri (strain ATCC BAA-895 / CDC 4225-83 / SGSC4696) was isolated in 1983 in Maryland where it caused neonatal ...
CefTAZidime (Professional Patient Advice) - Drugs.com
Citrobacter spp.; S. pneumoniae; and S. aureus (methicillin-susceptible strains). ... Neutropenic fever, high-risk cancer patients (empiric therapy): Note: High-risk patients are those expected to have an ANC ≤100 ... Empiric therapy in immunocompromised patients: Empiric treatment of infections in immunocompromised patients. ... Skin and soft tissue infection, moderate to severe: As empiric therapy or pathogen-directed therapy in patients with or at risk ...
Culturable Bacterial Microbiota of the Stomach of Helicobacter pylori Positive and Negative Gastric Disease Patients
In this study, we have analyzed the culturable gastric microbiota of 215 Malaysian patients, including 131 ,i,Hp,/i, positive ... Citrobacter koseri 2. 0. 2 (100). -. Arthrobacter castelli 1. 0. 1 (100). - ... Patient Demographic and Clinical Data. We analyzed the gastric biopsy samples from 215 patients who presented for endoscopy at ... Interestingly, Streptococcus species were isolated significantly more frequently from PUD than NUD patients (. value ) (Table 9 ...
Nosocomial Isolates and Their Drug Resistant Pattern in ICU Patients at National Institute of Neurological and Allied...
Citrobacter spp., Proteus spp., and others . Sources of these organisms may be patients own flora, visitors, ICU environment ... and immune status of patient. Acinetobacter was also reported as the most pathogen recovered from intensive care unit patients ... More than 2 million patients are affected each year which accounts approximately for up to 10% of hospitalized patients leading ... Intensive care unit patients are at greater risk to acquire nosocomial infection because of invasive procedures, prolonged ...
Citrobacter Peritoneal Dialysis Peritonitis: Rare Occurrence with Poor Outcomes
Baseline features of patients with Citrobacter PD-associated peritonitis.. Characteristics. Citrobacter (n=8). non-Citrobacter ... The long-term outcomes of patients with PD-related peritonitis caused by Citrobacter are also poor, with most patients ... The clinical outcomes in patients with Citrobacter infections are often worse than those in patients with other GNB infections ... The mean PD duration of patients with Citrobacter peritonitis was 36 months (range, 3-71). Most Citrobacter peritonitis ...
Notes from the Field: Carbapenemase-Producing Carbapenem-Resistant Enterobacteriaceae from Less Common Enterobacteriaceae...
The median patient age was 56.5 years (range = 14-75 years), and 15 (75%) patients were hospitalized at the time of culture ... One KPC-producing Citrobacter, one NDM-producing Morganella, one IMP-producing Providencia, three KPC-producing Raoultella, and ... The median patient age was 62.5 years (range = 2 months to 79 years). Travel history in the year preceding the positive culture ... Six patients were hospitalized outside the United States: three in India, and one each in the Philippines, Romania, and Spain. ...
Colistin-Resistant Enterobacteriaceae Carrying the mcr-1 Gene among Patients in Hong Kong - Volume 22, Number 9-September 2016 ...
... and 1 Citrobacter sp. Among these 62 isolates, 1 Enterobacter cloaceae and 4 E. coli isolates were mcr-1 positive. All gene ... One E. coli isolate (from patient 4) exhibited extended-spectrum β-lactamase activity (Table). Patient 3 resided in mainland ... 2 were from blood cultures from patients with biliary tract infection, 1 from a mid-stream urine specimen from a patient with ... Colistin-Resistant Enterobacteriaceae Carrying the mcr-1 Gene among Patients in Hong Kong On This Page ...
European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases 1/2021 | springermedizin.de
Citrobacter telavivum sp. nov. with chromosomal mcr-9 from hospitalized patients. Teresa Gonçalves Ribeiro, Radosław Izdebski, ... Recurrence of SARS-CoV-2 viral RNA in recovered COVID-19 patients: a narrative review. Thi Loi Dao, Van Thuan Hoang, Philippe ... TDM-guided medication of polymyxin B in a patient with CRKP-induced bloodstream infection: a case report. Xuben Yu, Jingye Pan ... Factors affecting the discharge of patients from hospital with seasonal influenza-the role of the Rapid Influenza testing in ...
Prevalence of ES ?²L types TEM, SHV, CTX in isolates of Salmonella, Citrobacter and Enterobacter spp. from patients feaces in...
Prevalence of ES ?²L types TEM, SHV, CTX in isolates of Salmonella, Citrobacter and Enterobacter spp. from patients feaces in ... blaCTX-M, blaTEM, blaSHV, were noticed in 75%, 50%, and 25%, of citrobacter isolates, respectively. Patients are one of the ... Citrobacter freundii was the predominant ESBLproducing organism 4(1%). No Salmonella typhi was detected but two (0.5%) ... During the period from April 2015 to July 2016 stool samples were obtained from 200 out patients at beginning of admission and ...
Antibiotics susceptibility patterns of Citrobacter freundii isolated from pa-tients with urinary tract infection in Al-Najaf...
Antibiotics susceptibility patterns of Citrobacter freundii isolated from pa-tients with urinary tract infection in Al-Najaf ... 2019). Antibiotics susceptibility patterns of Citrobacter freundii isolated from pa-tients with urinary tract infection in Al- ... While 19 isolates (63.3%) were extended-spectrum beta-lactamase producing Citrobacter freundii. Citrobacter freundii has highly ... Keywords: Urinary tract infection, Citrobacter freundii, Antimicrobials re-sistance, MDR, XDR Downloads Download data is not ...
Bugs on film: The presence of bacterial rods (Citrobacter koseri) on a routine blood film in a septic immunocompromised patient...
Bugs on film: The presence of bacterial rods (Citrobacter koseri) on a routine blood film in a septic immunocompromised patient ... Bugs on film: The presence of bacterial rods (Citrobacter koseri) on a routine blood film ... Citrobacter koseri / Enterobacteriaceae Infections / Catheter-Related Infections / Microscopy Language: English Journal: Indian ... Citrobacter koseri / Enterobacteriaceae Infections / Catheter-Related Infections / Microscopy Language: English Journal: Indian ...
Citrobacter gillenii - Wikipedia
Arens, Sofie; Verhaegen, Jan; Verbist, Ludo (1997). "Differentiation and susceptibility ofCitrobacterisolates from patients in ... "Citrobacter gillenii" at the Encyclopedia of Life LPSN Type strain of Citrobacter gillenii at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity ... Citrobacter gillenii is a species of Gram-negative bacteria. Brenner, Don J.; et al. (1999). "Biochemical Identification ... 2002). "Structures of two O-chain polysaccharides of Citrobacter gillenii O9a,9b lipopolysaccharide. A new homopolymer of 4- ...
Citrobacter werkmanii - Wikipedia
Arens, Sofie; Verhaegen, Jan; Verbist, Ludo (1997). "Differentiation and susceptibility ofCitrobacterisolates from patients in ... nov., Citrobacter youngae sp. nov., Citrobacter braakii sp. nov., Citrobacter werkmanii sp. nov., Citrobacter sedlakii sp. nov ... "Citrobacter werkmanii" at the Encyclopedia of Life LPSN Type strain of Citrobacter werkmanii at BacDive - the Bacterial ... Citrobacter werkmanii is a Gram-negative species of bacteria. Brenner, D. J.; Grimont, P. A. D.; Steigerwalt, A. G.; Fanning, G ...
Pneumocephalus in neonatal meningitis: diffuse, necrotizing meningo-encephalitis in Citrobacter meningitis presenting with...
OBJECTIVE/PATIENT: Gas-containing encephalitis is rarely associated with neonatal meningitis. We report a case of a 19-day-old ... Despite effective antibiotic therapy and supportive management, the patient died with worsening accumulation of gas within the ... Citrobacter koseri was identified from the blood and cerebrospinal fluid cultures.. CONCLUSION: This case re-emphasises the ... Citrobacter koseri / isolation & purification*. Enterobacteriaceae Infections / complications*, diagnosis. Fatal Outcome. Fluid ...
Citrobacter | Harvard Catalyst Profiles | Harvard Catalyst
Multidrug-resistant gram-negative bacteria among patients who require chronic hemodialysis. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol. 2008 May; 3( ... Citrobacter freundii and Citrobacter diversus strains with sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gels. J Microbiol Methods. ... a new member of the family Enterobacteriaceae closely related to Citrobacter farmeri and Citrobacter amalonaticus. J Clin ... "Citrobacter" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicines controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical Subject ...
Drug-Resistant Bacterial Infections in HIV Patients | IntechOpen
Haemophilus influenzae, Staphylococcus aureus, Citrobacter freundii, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Morganella ... In 2016, WHO estimated that 36.7 million people were living with HIV, 1.9 million were newly infected HIV patients and ... Weakened immune system of HIV patients increases the opportunity to acquire various infections caused by fungi, bacteria, ... Frequent bacterial infections in HIV patients increase the usage and also highly expose bacteria to antibiotics. Most ...
IJERPH | Free Full-Text | Microbial Monitoring of Surface Water in South Africa: An Overview | HTML
Abbott, S. Klebsiella, Enterobacter, Citrobacter, and Serratia. In Manual of Clinical Microbiology; Murray, P.R., Baron, E.J., ... The increased risk cant be explained by population growth or the increase in the number of immunocompromised patients alone, ... The coliform group of bacteria has been reported to contain the following species: Citrobacter spp., Enterobacter spp., ... Antibiotic resistance profiles and relatedness of enteric bacterial pathogens isolated from HIV/AIDS patients with and without ...
Elevated Plasma Matrix Metalloproteinase-9 and Its Correlations with Severity of Disease in Patients with Ventilator-Associated...
Citrobacter koseri. 1 (3.3%). P. mirabilis. 1 (3.3%). Morganella. 1 (3.3%). Data are expressed as number (percentage). ... In total, 72 patients were recruited for this study: 30 healthy volunteers, 12 patients without VAP, and 30 patients with VAP; ... patients without VAP), and 30 patients with a clinical diagnosis of VAP (hereafter, patients with VAP). The activity and level ... Moreover, the PF ratio and the oxygenation index were worse in patients with VAP when compared with patients without VAP (p , ...
The Efficacy of the MicroScan®Walkaway System in Reporting Carbapenemase-Producing Enterobacteriaceae in Patients with...
Citrobacter spp., Serratia spp., Escherichia coli , Providentia spp.) and were non-susceptible to any of the Carbapenems ( ... Our study set out to evaluate whether the MicroScan® Walkaway system is a reliable method for predicting CPE in a patient with ... In this study, we evaluated whether the MicroScan® Walkaway system is a reliable method for predicting CPE in patients with a ... This was a cross-sectional study of patients with CRE bloodstream infections between July 2015 and July 2016, admitted to ...
Acute Adult Supraglottitis: Current Management and Treatment
Citrobacter diversus Branhamella catarrhalis Herpes simplex. Aspergillus (in immunocompromised patients). Candida albicans (in ... patients. Total airway support rate (%). Elective airway support rate (%). Mortality(%). Airway risk factors. ... Pleasedo not use this form to submit personal or patient medical information or to report adverse drug events. You are ... Following diagnosis, patients should be hospitalized, started on intravenous antibiotics and their airway closely monitored, as ...
Fulminant citrobacter meningitis with multiple periventricular abscesses in a three-month-old infant.
Citrobacter, a Gram-negative enteric bacillus, is a rare cause of septicemia and meningitis, seldom reported beyond the ... The patient died, despite intensive antibiotic treatment directed towards the causative organism, C. diversus.. ... Citrobacter, a Gram-negative enteric bacillus, is a rare cause of septicemia and meningitis, seldom reported beyond the ... Citrobacter / isolation & purification*. Enterobacteriaceae Infections / drug therapy, microbiology*. Fatal Outcome. Humans. ...
Species distribution and antibiotic susceptibility profile of bacterial uropathogens among patients complaining urinary tract...
... from male patients. Age group of 25-44 were more affected with the infection. Of 256 bacterial isolates recovered, Escherichia ... Citrobacter freundii, Enterobacter cloacae, and Staphylococcus aureus have been identified as etiologic agents of UTI . ... Pediatric patients (0-14 years) and elderly patients (≥65 years) accounted for 11.3 and 13.7% of the total number of UTI, ... from male patients. Cases of 75% UTI were recorded among young and middle age patients with an age group of 15-64 years. ...
What Is Citrobacter Freundii? | Reference.com
Citrobacter freundii is an infectious anaerobic bacterium that forms rod-like structures known as coccobacilli. This bacterium ... of Canada recommends medical personnel limit use of sharps when working with patients suspected to suffer from Citrobacter ... Citrobacter is responsible for infections in normally sterile sites in the human body, including the blood, urinary tract and ... Citrobacter infections are most common in infants under age 2 and in adults with compromised immune systems. Infections are ...
Frontiers | Egg Protein Transferrin-Derived Peptides IRW and IQW Regulate Citrobacter rodentium-Induced, Inflammation-Related...
Forty-eight mice were randomly assigned to six groups: basal diet (CTRL), intragastric administration Citrobacter rodentium (CR ... Forty-eight mice were randomly assigned to six groups: basal diet (CTRL), intragastric administration Citrobacter rodentium (CR ... to treat enteritis in a mouse model of Citrobacter rodentium-induced colitis by evaluating serum metabolomics and gut microbes ... to treat enteritis in a mouse model of Citrobacter rodentium-induced colitis by evaluating serum metabolomics and gut microbes ...
Piperacillin-Tazobactam versus Other Antibacterial Agents for Treatment of Bloodstream Infections Due to AmpC β-Lactamase...
Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae in paediatric meningitis patients at Goroka General Hospital, Papua New...
The case fatality rate in patients with a recognised bacterial pathogen was 13.4 % compared to 8.5 % in culture-negative ... antimicrobial susceptibility and outcome data from paediatric meningitis patients prior to introduction of Haemophilus ... patients. If implemented in routine expanded programme of immunisation (EPI) with high coverage, current PCVs could prevent ... We thank Dr Dale Frank, Dr Naomi Pomat, Dr Wendy Pameh and other clinical staff at GGH for assisting with patient recruitment ...
A retrospective clinical and microbial analysis of 32 patients with bilomas | Springer for Research & Development
No patients died due to infected biloma. In the setting of oncologic patients or patients undergoing surgery, susceptibility to ... Most patients had only one biloma (21, 65.6%), whereas 11 (34.4%) patients presented multiple bilomas including two patients ... 7 patients developed bilomas after liver transplantation, 13 patients suffered from tumour disease and 6 patients deceased ... 2 patients of the intervention group and 2 patients of the wait and see group were lost to follow-up. 6 patients died during ...
- Recently, the term, "SPICE," has been proposed as an acronym for a group of several GNB-including Serratia , Pseudomonas , Indol-positive organisms (such as Proteus and Acinetobacter ), Citrobacter , and Enterobacter- recognized for their increased potential to induce treatment failure and cause relapsing peritonitis [ 12 , 13 ]. (medsci.org)
- Prevalence of ES ?²L types TEM, SHV, CTX in isolates of Salmonella, Citrobacter and Enterobacter spp. (ijmrhs.com)
- This study analyzed stool carriage of ESβL producing Salmonella, Citrobacter and Enterobacter spp.in the outpatients and inpatients in order to assessment entrance of these bacteria into hospitals. (ijmrhs.com)
- What is the evidence for Enterobacter infections as a significant source of morbidity among hospitalized patients? (medscape.com)
- National surveillance programs continually demonstrate that Enterobacter species remain a significant source of morbidity and mortality in hospitalized patients. (medscape.com)
- Predictors of in-hospital mortality for bloodstream infections caused by Enterobacter species or Citrobacter freundii. (medscape.com)
- Fecal coliforms, including Escherichia coli , Enterobacter species, and Citrobacter species, were found in 7.4% of patients. (empr.com)
- Enterobacter cloacae , Citrobacter freundii , Escherichia coli , Enterococcus faecalis or Proteus mirabilis infections were observed in the 12 patients. (nexsenpruet.com)
- of patients Streptococci 9 Escherichia coli 9 Enterobacter species 5 Clostridium welchii 4 Staphylococcus aureus 4 Pseudomonas aeruginosa 3 Klebsiella species 3 Proteus mirabilis 2 Proteus vulgaris 2 Candida glabrata 2 Candida krusei 1 Candida albicans 1 Yersiuia sp 1 Corynebacterium sp 1 Strongyloides stercoralis 1 Group D enterococci 1 Bacteroides fragilis 1 Citrobacter freundii 1 Table 2 Reported cases of emphysematous gastritis, 1889-2000 (a) Age (yr)/ Series (ref. (thefreedictionary.com)
- The plasmid-mediated bla NDM-1 gene encodes a metallo-β-lactamase (MBL) with high carbapenemase activity and was first identified in Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae in Sweden from a patient transferred from India ( 14 ). (asm.org)
- Multivariate analysis showed that patients infected with Klebsiella spp. (deepdyve.com)
- Th17 cells are prominent in murine responses to pathogenic Citrobacter ( 23 ), Klebsiella ( 24 ), or Mycobacteria species ( 25 , 26 ). (jimmunol.org)
- The essential oil compositions were determined using gas chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry (GC/MS). The assayed bacteria included Pseudomonas aeruginosa , Proteus vulgaris, Citrobacter koseri, and Klebsiella pneumoniae . (nih.gov)
- Tavío MM, Vila J, Ruiz J, Ruiz J, Martín-Sánchez AM, Jiménez de Anta MT. Resolution of high-molecular-weight components in lipopolysaccharides of Escherichia coli, Morganella morganii, Citrobacter freundii and Citrobacter diversus strains with sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gels. (harvard.edu)
- Citrobacter rodentium is a classically noninvasive pathogen of mice that is similar to enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) in man. (asm.org)
- Moraxecella catarrhalis, Haemophilus influenzae, Escherichia coli, Citrobacter and Staphylococcus aureus in an in each case. (ersjournals.com)
- The results also indicated that in some of the patients, the amounts of Escherichia coli were significantly increased in the diarrheic infants, which was in agreement with the result of the qPCR analysis. (springer.com)
- While Shigella dysenteriae serotype 1 most commonly produces this toxin, other members of the Enterobacteriaceae family, such as Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli and enterohaemorrhagic E. coli, as well as Citrobacter spp. (who.int)
- Citrobacter koseri, formerly known as Citrobacter diversus, is best known as the cause of sepsis and meningitis leading to central nervous system (CNS) abscesses in neonates and young infants. (uniprot.org)
- Citrobacter koseri (strain ATCC BAA-895 / CDC 4225-83 / SGSC4696) was isolated in 1983 in Maryland where it caused neonatal meningitis. (uniprot.org)
- Bugs on film: The presence of bacterial rods (Citrobacter koseri) on a routine blood film in a septic immunocompromised patient with a femoral vein line. (bvsalud.org)
- Citrobacter koseri was identified from the blood and cerebrospinal fluid cultures. (biomedsearch.com)
- Citrobacter koseri bacteraemia complicated by paraspinal abscess and spondylodiscitis--a case report. (sigmaaldrich.com)
- Paraspinal abscess and spondylodiscitis due to Citrobacter koseri is a very rare condition. (sigmaaldrich.com)
- We report a remarkable case of Citrobacter koseri bacteraemia complicated by paraspinal abscess and spondylodiscitis in a patient who has successfully been treated in our hospital. (sigmaaldrich.com)
- Through this work, the authors emphasize that Streptococcus pneumoniae and Pseudomonas aeruginosa are the most germs isolated from patients. (ersjournals.com)
- AVYCAZ was first approved in February 2015 in the U.S. for the treatment of adult patients with complicated intra-abdominal infections (cIAI), in combination with metronidazole, and in 2017 for complicated urinary tract infections (cUTI), including pyelonephritis, caused by designated susceptible Gram-negative bacteria, including certain Enterobacteriaceae and Pseudomonas aeruginosa . (allergan.com)
- In patients with leukemia, because of therapy of their diseases, bacterial infection with MDR Gram-negative bacteria is a real problem that could be associated with a high rate of mortality and morbidity [ 2 , 3 , 4 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
- Citrobacter infection is commonly reported in neonates and immunocompromised patients. (uniprot.org)
- It adults, however, Citrobacter infection with central nervous system involvement is rare, and is usually associated with an underlying disorder. (uniprot.org)
- Studies of human patients and investigations in animal models including mouse, gerbil, and monkey have generated a substantial amount of knowledge on the acute phase of Hp infection, establishment of colonization, activation of the gut-associated mucosal immune system, and immune escape strategies that lead to chronic colonization [ 14 ]. (hindawi.com)
- This study was carried out from June 2011 to May 2012 at National Institute of Neurological and Allied Sciences Kathmandu, Nepal, with a view to determining drug resistant pathogens along with detection of extended spectrum β -lactamase (ESBL), AmpC β -lactamase (ABL), and metallo- β -lactamase (MBL) producing bacteria causing infection to ICU patients. (hindawi.com)
- Intensive care unit patients are at greater risk to acquire nosocomial infection because of invasive procedures, prolonged hospital stay, high antibiotic use, cross transmission among patients and staffs, and inadequate infection control procedures which predisposes ICU as a suitable place for emergence and spread of nosocomial infections [ 1 - 3 ]. (hindawi.com)
- More than 2 million patients are affected each year which accounts approximately for up to 10% of hospitalized patients leading to approximately 90,000 deaths per year because of nosocomial infection only [ 7 ]. (hindawi.com)
- Of the 5 mcr-1 -positive isolates, 2 were from blood cultures from patients with biliary tract infection, 1 from a mid-stream urine specimen from a patient with symptomatic urinary tract infection, and 2 from stool specimens from asymptomatic patients. (cdc.gov)
- Citrobacter freundii is one of the most causative agents of urinary tract infection in human due to their high antimicrobials resistance. (pharmascope.org)
- A total of 461 urine samples were collected from patients infected with urinary tract infection, females and males, age groups between 18 to 60 years old performed in Al-Najaf central hospital in Al-Najaf City, Iraq, during April to December 2018. (pharmascope.org)
- Citrobacter freundii has highly resistant against most antimicrobials and became more dangerous bacteria cause urinary tract infection. (pharmascope.org)
- Diagnostic imaging with computed tomographic scanning of the brain and initiation of broad-spectrum antibiotics with good penetration into cerebrospinal fluid are indicated as soon as infection with Citrobacter species is suspected clinically, with appearance of pneumatosis oculi as a rare, late finding. (biomedsearch.com)
- However, it shows to be an efficient diagnostic adjunct to the LightMix ® modular multiplex real-time PCR assay for predicting CPE in a patient with a CRE infection depending on the Carbapenem used. (omicsonline.org)
- To determine the additional direct costs of hospitalization attributable to catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI) in 1,497 newly catheterized patients. (nih.gov)
- Only 1 patient with a CAUTI had a secondary bloodstream infection. (nih.gov)
- Objective: The aims of this study were to investigate the changes in serum cholesterol levels at the onset of bloodstream infection (BSI) and to determine whether serum cholesterol levels were associated with patients' clinical backgrounds and the prognosis of BSI. (scirp.org)
- The Endotoxin Activity Assay (EAA) is a useful test to risk stratify patients with severe sepsis and assess for Gram negative infection. (biomedcentral.com)
- Ninety two (43%) patients had culture documented gram negative infection. (biomedcentral.com)
- We confirm that high levels of EAA in our cohort of patients with suspected sepsis are strongly associated with gram negative infection. (biomedcentral.com)
- Patients with third-generation cephalosporin or carbapenems resistant infection had a significantly lower survival probability. (deepdyve.com)
- Outcome of ascitic fluid infection in patients with cirrhosis was influenced by the type of bacteria and antimicrobial susceptibility. (deepdyve.com)
- studies showed that gram-negative bacteria, mainly Bacteriology laboratory files and patient characteristics Enterobacteriaceae, were major causative organisms of were reviewed to identify all cases with positive ascitic fluid infection [3, 4]. (deepdyve.com)
- A ascitic fluid infection for patients with cirrhosis. (deepdyve.com)
- Husain S, Singh N. Pyomyositis associated with bacillary angiomatosis in a patient with HIV infection. (springer.com)
- In these patients (most commonly elderly and patients receiving steroids) other symptoms such as hypotension, hypothermia, new unexplained organ dysfunction, or clinical deterioration/mental status changes are the primary signs of infection. (renalandurologynews.com)
- These patients deserve a thorough physical exam with particular attention to localized symptoms or signs of infection and/or subtle signs of inflammation (due to absence of neutrophils). (renalandurologynews.com)
- LC-BSI is an HAI in which the patient has a recognized pathogen cultured from one or more blood cultures, and the organism cultured from blood is not related to an infection at another site. (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
- In adult patients, femoral vein catheterization is to be avoided, but in pediatrics there is no association of femoral catheterization and infection. (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
- To investigate the role of cross-infection in nonepidemic nosocomial bacteriuria in a large, university-affiliated hospital, we identified in adult patients admitted over an 11-week period all cases caused by organisms of the same genus, species, and antimicrobial susceptibility and clustered by date of onset and hospital ward. (annals.org)
- Pyelonephritis (upper tract infection) or other more invasive disease should be considered if the patient has fever, back pain, nausea/vomiting, hemodynamic instability, or other manifestations of severe disease. (renalandurologynews.com)
- UTI in catheterized patients is usually considered present if fever accompanies significant bacteriuria, but fever is generally thought to represent significant tissue involvement as seen with upper tract infection. (renalandurologynews.com)
- Since reliable noninvasive localization tests to distinguish between lower and upper tract infection in patients with bacteriuria do not exist, it is not clear if bladder infection alone, in catheterized or noncatheterized patients, causes fever. (renalandurologynews.com)
- However, some patients with recurrent UTI are adamant that such symptoms and signs are reliable indicators of subsequent symptomatic infection and want to be treated. (renalandurologynews.com)
- Our patient demonstrates one of the common challenges in the practice of infectious disease medicine, wherein an innocuous presentation may and often underlie a serious infection. (sigmaaldrich.com)
- With the aim of tracking resistance rates among GNB as the causes of infection in patients in U.S. ICUs, Merck Research Laboratories (Merck & Co., Upper Gwynedd, PA) established a multicenter laboratory-based surveillance program in 1993. (asm.org)
- Urinary tract infection is a common bacterial disease, often contributes to a frequent cause of morbidity in outpatients as well as hospitalised patients. (thefreelibrary.com)
- Methods Psychometric analyses of QOL-B V.3.0 used data from two double-blind, multicentre, randomised, placebo-controlled, phase III trials of aztreonam for inhalation solution (AZLI) in 542 patients with non-CF bronchiectasis and Gram-negative endobronchial infection. (bmj.com)
- However, they show immunodeficiency upon acute infection with Listeria monocytogenes , Toxoplasma gondii or Citrobacter rodentium . (elifesciences.org)
- The collection of isolates was done according to the site of infection and/or type of patient. (scielo.br)
- HealthDay News) - For patients undergoing rhinoplasty, preoperative nasal culture can identify microbial flora that indicate risk of postoperative infection , according to research published online December 11 in JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery . (empr.com)
- Methods This was an observational and descriptive study of a cohort of register-based patients attending the Universidad Nacional de Colombia's Health Service Unit (UNISALUD) diagnosed as suffering urinary tract infection between July 2002 and June 2003. (scielo.org.co)
- Additional presentations provide data on the use of DALVANCE® (dalbavancin) for the treatment of Acute Bacterial Skin and Skin Struction Infection (ABSSSI) in patients with various comorbidities including obesity, diabetes and Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome (SIRS). (allergan.com)
- Participating centers collected approximately 100 consecutive aerobic NGNB each from patients with documented nosocomial infection during 1997-1999. (antibiotic.ru)
- These new guidelines are simpler and rely on very consistent strategies to prevent the spread of infection to uninfected hospitalized patients. (aappublications.org)
- These new guidelines rely on the routine and optimal performance of an expanded set of universal precautions, now called standard precautions, for the care of all patients regardless of their diagnosis or presumed infection status, and pathogen and syndrome-based precautions, termed transmission-based precautions, for the care of patients who are infected or colonized with pathogens spread through airborne, droplet, or contact routes. (aappublications.org)
- These general methods of infection prevention are indicated for all patients and are designed to reduce the risk of transmission of microorganisms from both recognized and unrecognized sources of infection in hospitals. (aappublications.org)
- Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) colonization is associated with serious surgical site infection in high-risk patients. (biomedcentral.com)
- Patients with active MRSA infection, contraindication for nasal manipulation, and underwent obstetric-gynecology procedure were excluded in this study. (biomedcentral.com)
- This increases the risk of a patient subsequently developing a symptomatic infection from a strain of bacteria that is resistant to treatment. (bpac.org.nz)
- Background: Urinary tract infection (UTI) is one of the most common infections in both outpatients and hospitalized patients. (scopemed.org)
- Among patients with a polymicrobial infection, 1,118 (25.1%) had two organisms while 394 (8.8%) had three or more pathogens. (benzinga.com)
- Orthopaedic implant-associated infection puts a great financial burden on patients as well as on hospital resources and leads to increased morbidity. (sciencedomain.org)
- In this study, whole genome sequencing was used to characterize the carbapenem resistance mechanism of three C. freundii clinical isolates recovered from fecal samples of patients with acute leukemia (AL) from Spain. (biomedcentral.com)
- Among the 149 CP-CRE isolates, all were from unique patients, and 20 (13.4%) were from less common genera. (cdc.gov)
- Of the Citrobacter isolates from all episodes, 54% were resistant to cefazolin, and only 18% were susceptible to cefmetazole. (medsci.org)
- There were 30 isolates (6.5%) diagnosed as Citrobacter freundii . (pharmascope.org)
- While 19 isolates (63.3%) were extended-spectrum beta-lactamase producing Citrobacter freundii . (pharmascope.org)
- In 2013, AGAR commenced the Enterobacteriaceae Sepsis Outcome Programme, which focuses on the collection of resistance and some demographic data on all isolates prospectively from patients with bacteraemia. (worldaidsday.org.au)
- From 1 January to 31 December 2013, 25 institutions across Australia collected either all or up to 200 isolates from different patient episodes of bacteraemia. (worldaidsday.org.au)
- Eighty-one isolates of Enterobacteriaceae producing extended-spectrum beta-lactamases derived from blood culture (7 isolates from 6 patients) or faecal samples (74 isolates) were available for examination. (nih.gov)
- Analysis of the ribotype patterns derived from the clinical isolates provided evidence for cross-colonisation between patients, and this was confirmed by analysis of the plasmid profiles. (nih.gov)
- During the 12-year period from 1993 to 2004, antimicrobial susceptibility profiles of 74,394 gram-negative bacillus isolates recovered from intensive care unit (ICU) patients in United States hospitals were determined by participating hospitals and collected in a central location. (asm.org)
- The current report describes the in vitro activity of 12 agents versus more than 74,000 GNB isolates recovered from ICU patients in multiple U.S. hospitals during the 12-year period from 1993 to 2004. (asm.org)
- The study sought to determine the prevalence and antibiotic susceptibility patterns of bacterial isolates from postoperative wound infections among patients attending Mama Lucy Kibaki Hospital. (academicjournals.org)
- Hence, this study was done to determine the prevalence and antibiotic susceptibility profiles of bacteria isolates in post-operative wound infections among patients attending Mama Lucy Kibaki Hospital. (academicjournals.org)
- At baseline, 108/382 (28.3%) of patients in the microbiological intent-to-treat (micro-ITT) population, which included all patients with positive culture results indicating the presence of at least one Gram-negative pathogen, had Gram-negative isolates that were not susceptible to ceftazidime, including 53 patients with K. pneumoniae and 28 patients with P. aeruginosa isolates. (allergan.com)
- Fifty-nine patients (89%) had group G Streptococcus as the only bacterium recovered in their blood cultures, whereas in 7 patients other bacteria were recovered concomitantly with the group G Streptococcus in the blood cultures ( Staphylococcus aureus in 3, Clostridium perfringens in 2, Citrobacter freundii in 1, and Bacteroides fragilis in 1). (asm.org)
- The researchers found that 78.2% of patients had normal flora on preoperative nasal culture, while 10.8 and 0.28% had Staphylococcus aureus and methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA), respectively. (empr.com)
- Twelve fecal samples, collected between 2013 and 2015 from 9 patients with AL, were screened for the presence of CP strains by selecting them on MacConkey agar supplemented with ertapenem (0.5 mg/L). Bacteria were identified by MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry and were phenotypically characterized. (biomedcentral.com)
- Three carbapenem-resistant C. freundii strains (imipenem MIC≥32 mg/L) corresponding to three different AL patients were isolated. (biomedcentral.com)
- A subset of twelve fecal samples, collected between 2013 and 2015 from 9 patients with AL, were screened for the presence of carbapenemase producing (CP) strains by selecting them on MacConkey agar supplemented with ertapenem (0.5 mg/L) [ 10 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
- Warren JR, Farmer JJ, Dewhirst FE, Birkhead K, Zembower T, Peterson LR, Sims L, Bhattacharya M. Outbreak of nosocomial infections due to extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing strains of enteric group 137, a new member of the family Enterobacteriaceae closely related to Citrobacter farmeri and Citrobacter amalonaticus. (harvard.edu)
- From 1997 to 2000, 75 group G beta-hemolytic streptococcal strains were isolated from the blood cultures of 66 patients. (asm.org)
- Previous antibiotic therapy, underlying systemic illness, and prolonged hospital stays have been identified as risk factors for colonization of patients with carbapenem-resistant strains. (isid.org)
- The relative abundance of two Citrobacter strains sharing ~99% nucleotide identity changed significantly over time within a community dominated by a nearly clonal Serratia population and harboring a lower abundance Enterococcus population and multiple plasmids and bacteriophage. (pnas.org)
- In the present study we compared the invasive ability of one of these strains isolated from an ileal biopsy of a patient with CD, strain LF82, with that of reference enteroinvasive (EIEC), enteropathogenic (EPEC), enterotoxigenic (ETEC), enteraggregative (EAggEC), enterohemorrhagic (EHEC), and diffusely adhering (DAEC) E. coli strains. (asm.org)
- Of the 196 sorbitol-negative E. coli strains, 3 (1.5%) carried the stx1 gene as did 2 of the 19 (10.5%) Citrobacter strains. (who.int)
- We therefore investigated the prevalence of stx-encoding bacterial strains and typical virulence genes (stx1, stx2, eae and ehxA) in pathogenic bacteria isolated from diarrhoeal stool samples of patients taken during sporadic outbreaks of foodborne illness in the Islamic Republic of Iran. (who.int)
- It was later identified in different enterobacterial species from a series of patients in the United Kingdom, India, and Pakistan ( 8 ) and also from Australian and U.S. patients ( 3 , 12 ). (asm.org)
- The role of Citrobacter species in the etiology of PD-related peritonitis is often underestimated. (medsci.org)
- Citrobacter species was responsible for 11 PD-related episodes (1.8% of all peritonitis episodes) in 8 patients. (medsci.org)
- Little is known about the relative importance of the four species of Lancefield group G beta-hemolytic streptococci in causing bacteremia and the factors that determine the outcome for patients with group G beta-hemolytic streptococcal bacteremia. (asm.org)
- However, little is known about the relative importance of the various species and thus the source of bacteria causing bacteremia, the usefulness of commercial kits in identifying the species, and the factors that determine the outcome for patients with group G beta-hemolytic streptococcal bacteremia. (asm.org)
- Spread of a new KPC-producing species, Citrobacter maimonidesii sp. (escmid.org)
- Citrobacter gillenii is a species of Gram-negative bacteria. (wikipedia.org)
- 1999). "Biochemical Identification ofCitrobacter Species Defined by DNA Hybridization and Description of Citrobacter gillenii sp. (wikipedia.org)
- In patients with acute leukemia (AL), long duration and repetitive chemotherapy as well as antimicrobial therapy is believed to contribute to occurrence of infections due to multi-drug resistant (MDR) bacteria in this high-risk group [ 1 , 2 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
- Empiric treatment of infections in immunocompromised patients. (drugs.com)
- Weakened immune system of HIV patients increases the opportunity to acquire various infections caused by fungi, bacteria, parasites and other viruses. (intechopen.com)
- Bacterial infections that cause huge threats to HIV patients are tuberculosis, syphilis, bacterial enteric diseases and bacterial pneumonia. (intechopen.com)
- Frequent bacterial infections in HIV patients increase the usage and also highly expose bacteria to antibiotics. (intechopen.com)
- These antibiotic-resistant bacteria complicate the treatment of infections in HIV patients with available antibiotics and sometimes cause death. (intechopen.com)
- Radiologic evidence suggestive of diffuse necrotizing meningo-encephalitis in combination with pneumocephalus and pneumatosis oculi in Citrobacter infections has never been described before. (biomedsearch.com)
- Intra-abdominal Citrobacter infections: association with biliary or upper gastrointestinal source. (harvard.edu)
- Our study was set out to evaluate whether the MicroScan ® Walkaway system is a reliable method for predicting CPE in patients with a Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) infections. (omicsonline.org)
- Although the majority of infections occur among hospitalized patients with immuno-compromising and underlying illnesses, community-acquired infections are increasingly reported [ 3 ]. (omicsonline.org)
- Citrobacter is responsible for infections in normally sterile sites in the human body, including the blood, urinary tract and respiratory tract. (reference.com)
- Citrobacter infections are most common in infants under age 2 and in adults with compromised immune systems. (reference.com)
- The Public Health Agency of Canada recommends medical personnel limit use of sharps when working with patients suspected to suffer from Citrobacter infections. (reference.com)
- Antimicrobial resistance among Gram-negative bacilli causing infections in intensive care unit patients in the United States between 1993 and 2004. (medscape.com)
- In vitro susceptibilities of aerobic and facultatively anaerobic Gram-negative bacilli isolated from patients with intra-abdominal infections worldwide: 2004 results from SMART (Study for Monitoring Antimicrobial Resistance Trends). (medscape.com)
- No source of the bacteremia was identified (primary bacteremia) in 34 patients (52%), whereas 17 (26%) had cellulitis and 8 (12%) had bed sore or wound infections. (asm.org)
- Patients with Surgical Sites Infections (SSI), infected diabetic wounds, infected wounds due to trauma, and patients with other infected wounds admitted in surgical ward at Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Centre (KCMC) from July 2013 to June 2014 were included in this study. (biomedcentral.com)
- The study was conducted to isolate bacterial organisms capable of causing urinary tract infections from urine samples of patients and to determine the susceptibility pattern of antimicrobial agents used in therapy. (scirp.org)
- Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae(CRE) are increasingly prevalent pathogens in hospitalized patients and can cause a variety of infections such as urinary tract infections, wound infections and respiratory tract infections. (isid.org)
- Further clinical and diagnostic approaches are required to precisely determine the diagnosis of Gram-negative infections in patients with intermediate EAA levels. (biomedcentral.com)
- BMC Infectious Diseases (2018) 18:253 Page 2 of 11 Background Methods Cirrhotic patients with ascites usually face poor out- Setting and study design comes, especially if infections such as spontaneous This study was conducted at Beijing 302 Hospital, bacterial peritonitis (SBP) develop . (deepdyve.com)
- Bacillary angiomatosis with cytomegaloviral and mycobacterial infections of the palpebral conjunctiva in a patient with AIDS. (springer.com)
- Gram-negative bacilli (GNB) are a common cause of sepsis, pneumonia, urinary tract infections, and postsurgical infections in patients in acute care hospitals ( 14 , 24 ). (asm.org)
- Participating centers performed antimicrobial susceptibility testing with 100 consecutive nonduplicate aerobic GNB per study year collected from ICU patients with infections. (asm.org)
- Surgical site infections account for high mortality, morbidity, and elevated costs of treatment for surgical patients. (academicjournals.org)
- It included patients of all age groups with surgical site infections following general, obstetrics, and gynecological surgeries. (academicjournals.org)
- Pus swabs were obtained aseptically from 58 consented patients with clinical evidence of surgical site infections. (academicjournals.org)
- Surgical site infections (SSI) are a worldwide problem in surgery accounting for increased deaths, morbidity, and elevated healthcare costs in surgical patients (Badia et al. (academicjournals.org)
- See related patient information handout on urinary tract infections , written by the authors of this article. (aafp.org)
- Last summer, reports of patients with NDM-1 infections began surfacing in Japan, the U.K., the U.S., Australia and other South Asian countries - many but not all of the patients had received medical treatment in India, prompting researchers to wonder whether the mutation was circulating in the environment. (time.com)
- Clinical efficacy along with patient safety are critical priorities to clinicians managing serious Gram-negative bacterial infections. (allergan.com)
- The protocol allowed for administration of prior and concomitant systemic antibacterial therapy for patients with proven or suspected Gram-positive or drug resistant infections. (allergan.com)
- Presentations will feature microbiology, clinical and health outcomes and economics data, including an oral presentation on the effects of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriacae (CRE) and delayed appropriate therapy on clinical outcomes in patients with serious infections due to Enterobacteriaceae. (allergan.com)
- Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) or Delayed Appropriate Therapy (DAT) - Does One Effect Outcomes More than the Other among Patients with Serious Infections due to Enterobacteriaceae? (allergan.com)
- Associations between Timeliness of Therapy and Clinical and Economic Outcomes Among Patients with Serious Infections due to Gram-negative Bacteria (GNB): How Much Does Delayed Appropriate Therapy (DAT) Matter? (allergan.com)
- Uncomplicated urinary tract infections (UTIs) are usually diagnosed in previously healthy women with no underlying disease or anatomical anomalies, whereas complicated UTIs refer to patients with co-morbidities, anatomical anomalies, and catheter-associated or nosocomially acquired infections. (scielo.org.za)
- Data continue to demonstrate that cIAI represents a significant threat to patients that is exacerbated by growing resistance to many of the antibiotics commonly used to treat these infections," said Larry Tsai, M.D., Chief Medical Officer of Tetraphase Pharmaceuticals. (benzinga.com)
- A retrospective study that collected multi-year data from patients with cIAI and positive cultures at approximately 180 hospitals showed a hospital mortality rate of 7.6%, and a 30-day rehospitalization rate of 11.2%, underscoring the need for more effective empiric treatments for these life-threatening infections. (benzinga.com)
- The study was conducted on 100 patients having orthopaedic implant infections. (sciencedomain.org)
- Multidrug-resistant gram-negative bacteria among patients who require chronic hemodialysis. (harvard.edu)
- Multiresistant bacteria like Enterobacteriaceae were isolated from one quarter of all patients. (springer.com)
- Only six patients (14%) had microbiologically proven septicaemia caused by such bacteria during this period. (nih.gov)
- Four years after discontinuing ceftazidime and other extended-spectrum cephalosporins on this ward, patients were still colonised with bacteria that produced extended-spectrum beta-lactamases. (nih.gov)
- This study aimed to determine the spectrum and antibiogram of the isolated bacteria from patients presenting with infected wounds at Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Centre in northern Tanzania. (biomedcentral.com)
- This study investigated the prevalence of Shiga toxin-producing bacteria in stool samples of patients with diarrhoea associated with outbreaks of foodborne illness in the Islamic Republic of Iran. (who.int)
- A total of 1570 FT-IR spectra from 164 gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria isolated from patients were recorded from 6 to 10-h old microcolonies of 50-150 lm size. (nofima.no)
- Inappropriate prescribing of antibiotics to treat older patients with asymptomatic bacteriuria also selects for bacteria that are antibiotic resistant. (bpac.org.nz)
- This study aimed to evaluate the abilities of two peptides derived from egg albumin transferrin, IRW and IQW, to treat enteritis in a mouse model of Citrobacter rodentium -induced colitis by evaluating serum metabolomics and gut microbes. (frontiersin.org)
- Forty-eight mice were randomly assigned to six groups: basal diet (CTRL), intragastric administration Citrobacter rodentium (CR), basal diet with 0.03%IRW (IRW), CR with 0.03% IRW (IRW+CR), basal diet with 0.03%IQW (IQW) and CR with 0.03% IQW (IQW+CR). (frontiersin.org)
- Citrobacter rodentium , formerly Citrobacter freundii biotype 4280, causes transmissible murine colonic hyperplasia ( 6 , 45 , 46 ). (asm.org)
- We present serotype, antimicrobial susceptibility and outcome data from paediatric meningitis patients prior to introduction of Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) and pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCVs) in PNG, providing a baseline for evaluation of immunisation programs. (biomedcentral.com)
- Sources of these organisms may be patients own flora, visitors, ICU environment like water, air, foods, and equipments, health care workers, other patients, or inanimate objects that are in close vicinity of patients [ 5 ]. (hindawi.com)
- The patient died, despite intensive antibiotic treatment directed towards the causative organism, C. diversus. (biomedsearch.com)
- No Salmonella typhi was detected but two (0.5%) Salmonella typhimurium from in patients were isolated. (ijmrhs.com)
- The case fatality rate in patients with a recognised bacterial pathogen was 13.4 % compared to 8.5 % in culture-negative patients. (biomedcentral.com)
- Wang, Hui 2018-06-04 00:00:00 Background: Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) and bacterascites (BA) represent frequent and serious complications in cirrhosis patients with ascites. (deepdyve.com)
- The Company will also present investigational data from the Phase 3 REPROVE clinical trial of AVYCAZ® (ceftazidime and avibactam) in patients with Hospital-acquired Bacterial Pneumonia and Ventilator-associated Bacterial Pneumonia (HABP/VABP). (allergan.com)
- Patients were categorized as being at high risk for serious bacterial illness (SBI) based on clinical and laboratory criteria. (aappublications.org)
- 5-7 In South Africa, TMP-SMX is widely used for UTI prophylaxis and treatment, and for Pneumocystis jirovecii prophylaxis in immunocompromised patients, which has led to increased bacterial resistance. (scielo.org.za)
- Following diagnosis, patients should be hospitalized, started on intravenous antibiotics and their airway closely monitored, as airway obstruction may develop. (medscape.com)
- were resistant to all the antibiotics except Gentamycin while Citrobacter intermedius was resistant only to Cephalexin and Erythromycin. (scirp.org)
- From 384 patients, 16.9% patients of them had undergone orthopaedic surgery, 51.3% had received antibiotics within the previous 3-month and 41.1% patients had history of hospitalization within the previous 1 year. (biomedcentral.com)
- Prior use of antibiotics and underlying conditions were determined from electronic and paper-based patient and pharmacy records. (scielo.org.za)
- It is rarely appropriate to treat asymptomatic bacteriuria in older patients with antibiotics. (bpac.org.nz)
- This is because asymptomatic bacteriuria is effectively harmless and needlessly treating patients with antibiotics exposes them to an increased risk of antibiotic-associated adverse effects, e.g. diarrhoea, nausea and potential allergic reaction. (bpac.org.nz)
- Major focus of the current trial was to analyse aetiology, clinical presentation, the pathogen spectrum, and treatment of patients with bilomas. (springer.com)
- Patients who had more than one episode of BSI caused by the same pathogen within 30 days after the previous episode were regarded as having the same episode. (scirp.org)
- In this study, we analyzed the potential pathogen in the patients by comparing their gut microbial compositions with those of local, healthy infants. (springer.com)
- The mortality rate of PD-related peritonitis caused by Citrobacter was 18%, and 89% of surviving patients developed technique failure requiring a modality switch after an average of 12 months of follow-up (range 1.2-31.2 months). (medsci.org)
- PD-related peritonitis caused by Citrobacter is associated with poor outcomes, including high rates of antibiotic resistance, a high mortality rate, and a high rate of technique failure among survivors during the follow-up period. (medsci.org)
- Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) increases patient mortality and medical expenditure, and a real-time and reliable method for the rapid diagnosis of VAP may help reduce fatal complications. (medsci.org)
- Patients with BA appeared to have a less severe clinical manifestation and lower mortality rate than patients with SBP. (deepdyve.com)
- The concentration of blood urea nitrogen (BUN) was independent risk factor for 30-day mortality of BA patients. (deepdyve.com)
- For patients with SBP, the independent risk factors for 30-day mortality were age, Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) score, septic shock and hepatocellular carcinoma. (deepdyve.com)
- A direct correlation has been shown between resistance of GNB and patient mortality, cost of patient care, and length of stay in the hospital ( 3 , 22 , 26 , 28 ). (asm.org)
- inappropriate empirical therapy affects both patient mortality rates and patient time spent in the ICU ( 12 , 17 ). (asm.org)
- Findings showed that hospital mortality due to cIAI was 7.6%, and 11.2% of patients were readmitted within 30 days of discharge. (benzinga.com)
- Modeling of Citrobacter strain abundance suggests differences in growth rates and host colonization patterns. (pnas.org)
- Thus, these findings show that LF82, which colonized the ileal mucosa of a patient with CD, is a true invasive E. coli strain and suggest the existence of a new potentially pathogenic group of E. coli , which we propose be designated adherent-invasive E. coli . (asm.org)
- One E. coli isolate (from patient 4) exhibited extended-spectrum β-lactamase activity ( Table ). (cdc.gov)
- In the present study, we aimed to describe the clinical features, laboratory findings, and short- and long-term outcomes in PD-related peritonitis caused by Citrobacter . (medsci.org)
- We retrieved clinical details of patients whose sample had mcr-1- carrying Enterobacteriaceae from the hospital clinical management system. (cdc.gov)
- This retrospective observational study recruited 30 healthy volunteers, 12 patients who used mechanical ventilation without the development of VAP (hereafter, patients without VAP), and 30 patients with a clinical diagnosis of VAP (hereafter, patients with VAP). (medsci.org)
- By using an endoscopic database, this retrospective study identified 32 patients with bilomas treated between 2004 to 2015, in order to analyse aetiology, clinical presentation, spectrum of pathogens, and resolution rate of bilomas. (springer.com)
- Main/side diagnosis, clinical and laboratory parameters as well as status of microbiology (positive/negative/not performed) were reviewed for all patients with one or more bilomas. (springer.com)
- Patients presenting with at least three of these clinical signs were enrolled in the study. (biomedcentral.com)
- In addition, during the clinical course of patients in the ICU, the change or discontinuation of antibiotic therapy has to be quickly decided. (biomedcentral.com)
- However, few detailed data are available regarding the clinical and bacteriological feature of SBP or BA patients in China. (deepdyve.com)
- Methods: We retrospectively analyzed bacteriological and clinical characteristics of patients with SBP and BA at Beijing 302 Hospital in China from January 2012 to December 2015. (deepdyve.com)
- Conclusion: Our study reported the bacteriological and clinical characteristics of patients with SBP and BA. (deepdyve.com)
- All patients received empirical antibiotic therapy and adapted for radio-clinical development, antibiogram and chest physiotherapy. (ersjournals.com)
- High-risk patients are recognized by clinical factors or MASCC (Multinational Association for Supportive Care in Cancer) scoring system. (renalandurologynews.com)
- MASCC Risk Index Score is an alternative method to the above clinical criteria in recognizing high-risk patients. (renalandurologynews.com)
- For patients with changing renal function, monitor CrCl at least daily and adjust the dosage of AVYCAZ accordingly [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS , Use in Specific Populations and CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY ]. (rxlist.com)
- Clinical efficacy was evaluated in the intent-to treat (ITT) population, which included all randomized patients who received study drug. (allergan.com)
- Since the active genes in tumors from many patients have already been documented together with clinical data, researchers could use EPIC to investigate whether the cell types in a tumor affect how harmful it is or how well a particular treatment works on it. (elifesciences.org)
- Furthermore, for patients without clinical improvement after 5 days, or with fungal peritonitis, catheter removal is indicated. (intechopen.com)
- SSTIs have been broadly classified as complicated or uncomplicated, but specific disease processes and patient characteristics are important in guiding clinical management. (mdedge.com)
- The patient's symptoms and signs are the strongest predictor of a UTI and clinical information should always be included on laboratory requests for urine culture as it will influence the interpretation of results and how the patient is subsequently managed. (bpac.org.nz)
- 1 Researchers hypothesized that patients with non-appendiceal cIAIs treated with XERAVA would have similar clinical outcomes when compared to those treated with carbapenems. (benzinga.com)
- A post-hoc analysis of patients diagnosed with cIAI of non-appendiceal origin from two Phase 3 studies, IGNITE1 and IGNITE4, was performed to determine clinical outcomes. (benzinga.com)
- Clinical cure rates in patients diagnosed with complicated appendicitis were 89.0% and 88.6% in patients treated with XERAVA and comparators, respectively. (benzinga.com)
- In patients with non-appendiceal cIAIs treated with XERAVA and comparators, clinical cure rates were 88.8% and 89.7%, respectively. (benzinga.com)
- 1345 patients were collected with clinical suspicions of tuberculosis who referred to the Health Care Center of Mazandaran province from July 2010 to June 2011. (magiran.com)
- We studied a three-month-old infant with Citrobacter meningitis, who developed acute communicating hydrocephalus and multiple periventricular brain abscesses while on treatment. (biomedsearch.com)
- After bladder decompression, most patients can be managed as outpatients, unless there are indications of sepsis, malignant obstruction, acute myelopathy, or acute renal failure, in which case the patient should be admitted for additional care. (auanet.org)
- Over the following five decades, the technique was developed and mainly used as a procedure in acute kidney failure (AKI) [ 2 ], or rarely for patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) [ 2 ]. (intechopen.com)
- Out of 712 urine samples processed, 256 (36%) yielded significant bacteriuria of which 208 (81.25% ) were obtained from female and 48 (18.75%) from male patients. (biomedcentral.com)
- Daily urine cultures were obtained from each newly catheterized patient, but the results of these cultures were not revealed to his or her physician. (nih.gov)
- It may develop acutely after gradual deterioration of the sensory or motor neurons supplying the detrusor muscle - as a result, the patient may not sense bladder distention or may be unable to efficiently contract the detrusor to express urine. (auanet.org)
- In the 1960's, most patients with spinal cord injury and neurogenic bladders used an indwelling catheter, called a foley, to drain urine from the bladder. (rutgers.edu)
- All 4 blood cultures and 17 of 20 urine cultures with growth noted after 24 hours occurred among high-risk patients. (aappublications.org)
- The first positive urine culture per patient collected from the casualty, gynaecology, internal medicine and surgical outpatient departments were included. (scielo.org.za)
- A retrospective analysis of data taken from all urine samples (6,545 patients suspected of UTI) was analyzed. (scopemed.org)
- Fifty-eight patients (88%) had community-acquired group G streptococcal bacteremia. (asm.org)
- It has been reported that diabetes mellitus (DM), malignancy, cardiovascular disease, bone and joint diseases, and cirrhosis are the major underlying diseases in patients with group G beta-hemolytic streptococcal bacteremia ( 2 , 8 , 10 , 16 , 19 ). (asm.org)
- Bacteremia at baseline was present in 4.8% of patients. (allergan.com)
- Pneumocephalus in neonatal meningitis: diffuse, necrotizing meningo-encephalitis in Citrobacter meningitis presenting with pneumatosis oculi and pneumocephalus. (biomedsearch.com)
- Fulminant citrobacter meningitis with multiple periventricular abscesses in a three-month-old infant. (biomedsearch.com)
- Citrobacter, a Gram-negative enteric bacillus, is a rare cause of septicemia and meningitis, seldom reported beyond the neonatal period. (biomedsearch.com)
- Methods: A total of 421 patients underwent endoscopic submucosal dissection for early GC at NTT West Osaka Hospital between June 2006 and August 2017. (go.jp)
- Patients and Methods: From April 2003 to March 2006, all patients aged ≥20 years with positive blood cultures in the University of Tokyo Hospital (a tertiary teaching hospital with 1200 beds) were enrolled. (scirp.org)
- A retrospective review of all episodes of PD-related peritonitis caused by Citrobacter from a single center between 1990 and 2010 was performed. (medsci.org)
- This retrospective observational study included all adult patients with suspected sepsis admitted to our medico-surgical intensive care unit (ICU) in whom EAA was measured from July 2008 to September 2011. (biomedcentral.com)
- The study design was a single-center retrospective observational analysis of all adult patients who had sepsis and who were admitted to our tertiary academic medico-surgical ICU and in whom EAA was performed from July 2008 to September 2011. (biomedcentral.com)
- This is a retrospective study of 100 patients hospitalized in between January 2010 and July 2013. (ersjournals.com)
- This was a retrospective study of 337 3- and 4- level ACDF procedures in 332 patients (5 patients had both primary and revision surgeries that were included in this total of 337 procedures) between May 2012 and June 2017. (thejns.org)
- This expanded use is based on positive results from a pivotal Phase 3 study evaluating the efficacy and safety of AVYCAZ for the treatment of adult patients with HABP/VABP. (allergan.com)
- A total of 870 hospitalized adult patients with HABP or VABP were randomized and received trial medications in a pivotal Phase 3, multinational, double-blind trial (REPROVE) comparing AVYCAZ 2.5 g (ceftazidime 2 grams and avibactam 0.5 grams) intravenously every 8 hours to meropenem 1 gram intravenously every 8 hours, for 7 to 14 days of therapy. (allergan.com)
- The purpose of this study is to identify the prevalence and risk factor of MRSA nasal carriage in adult patients in National Referral Hospital in Indonesia before underwent elective surgical procedure. (biomedcentral.com)
- To collect data on MRSA colonization among elective surgical patients, we screened all adult patients admitted to the hospital and assigned for an elective surgery. (biomedcentral.com)
- Two hours prior to screening procedure, the list of all adult patients that were planned for elective surgery in the next 24 h were received. (biomedcentral.com)
- All adult patients hospitalized with cIAI and a positive blood or abdominal culture were identified. (benzinga.com)
- This was an ambispective study of 118 adult patients (≥ 18 years old) undergoing ≥ 5-level spinal arthrodesis to the sacrum with iliac fixation from January 2002 to December 2011. (thejns.org)
- Classification of Citrobacteria by DNA Hybridization: Designation of Citrobacter farmeri sp. (wikipedia.org)
- Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is one of the most common infectious diseases in the intensive care unit and occurs in patients who receive mechanical ventilator support for more than 48 h [ 1 ]. (medsci.org)
- Additionally, the Company will present findings from the CAPTURE Study evaluating the use of TEFLARO® (ceftaroline fosamil) in the treatment of intensive care unit patients with pneumonia. (allergan.com)
- A previous study reported that lower plasma cholesterol levels were observed in patients with sepsis caused by gram-positive cocci or gram-negative rods . (scirp.org)
- Thus, the purpose of the present study was to elucidate the practical utility of EAA test results in the intermediate range alone and combined with other routinely and rapidly available bedside tests in ICU patients with suspected sepsis. (biomedcentral.com)
- FormerlyCitrobacter Genomospecies 10) and Citrobacter murliniae sp. (wikipedia.org)
- Citrobacter" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicine's controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical Subject Headings) . (harvard.edu)
- Molecular epidemiology of ceftazidime resistant Enterobacteriaceae from patients on a paediatric oncology ward. (nih.gov)
- Background The Quality of Life-Bronchiectasis (QOL-B), a self-administered, patient-reported outcome measure assessing symptoms, functioning and health-related quality of life for patients with non-cystic fibrosis (CF) bronchiectasis, contains 37 items on 8 scales (Respiratory Symptoms, Physical, Role, Emotional and Social Functioning, Vitality, Health Perceptions and Treatment Burden). (bmj.com)
- Since the patient was coming from the Indian subcontinent, we focused our first PCR screening as described previously ( 14 ) and identified the bla NDM-1 gene in C. freundii STE. Then, we searched for additional β-lactamase genes, including extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) genes, MBL or AmpC genes, and class D β-lactamase genes, as described previously ( 5 , 9 , 11 ). (asm.org)
- In the future, this information could help to identify the best treatment for a particular patient and may reveal new genes that cause malignant tumors to develop and grow. (elifesciences.org)
- We report in our study, the intestinal carrying of C. freundii clone ST169 coproducing OXA-48 and VIM-1 identified in leukemic patients. (biomedcentral.com)
- Donald B. Yoo, MD, from The Roxbury Institute in Beverly Hills, CA, and colleagues examined the microbial flora of patients undergoing septorhinoplasty. (empr.com)
- Sixty-two patients (94%) had group G Streptococcus recovered in one blood culture, whereas 4 patients (6%) had it recovered in multiple blood cultures. (asm.org)
- Among 4,453 patients with cIAI and positive cultures, 3,771 (84.7%) had a Gram-negative and 1,782 (40.0%) had a Gram-positive organism identified. (benzinga.com)
- The progressive increase in antimicrobial resistance among patients with UTIs is of great concern. (scopemed.org)
- Fungal UTIs are common in catheterized, but not in noncatheterized, patients. (renalandurologynews.com)
- This article clarifies these issues by reviewing the approach to the diagnosis and treatment of each patient group at risk for UTIs. (aafp.org)
- Diagnosing and managing UTIs is more difficult in older patients as long-term urinary conditions (e.g. incontinence) or genitourinary abnormalities (e.g. anterior vaginal prolapse) are more common. (bpac.org.nz)
- Guidance on the investigation of suspected UTIs varies depending on whether the patient is female, male or if they have a urinary catheter. (bpac.org.nz)
- In this study, we have analyzed the culturable gastric microbiota of 215 Malaysian patients, including 131 Hp positive and 84 Hp negative individuals that were affected by different gastric diseases. (hindawi.com)
- All patients had underlying diseases. (asm.org)
- According to cyrex laboratories: "The detection of antibodies to H. pylori indicates the patient has increased risk of gastrointestinal disorders, neurological disorders, rheumatic diseases, thyroid autoimmunity and lupus. (holisticcharlotte.com)
- Today's action by the FDA is further evidence of Allergan's commitment to improving outcomes and meeting critical needs in patients with life-threatening infectious diseases. (allergan.com)
- The genus Citrobacter was originally distinguished from other members of the Enterobacteriaceae by its ability to use citrate as a carbon source. (uniprot.org)
- Kuroda MI, Yanofsky C. Correction of the nucleotide sequence of the Citrobacter freundii tryptophan operon regulatory region. (harvard.edu)
- Citrobacter freundii is susceptible to disinfectants, such as phenolic disinfectants, 70 percent ethanol and 1 percent sodium hypochlorite. (reference.com)
- Direct-contact transmission involves a direct body surface-to-body surface contact and physical transfer of microorganisms between a susceptible host and an infected or colonized person, such as occurs when a person turns a patient, gives a patient a bath, or performs other patient-care activities that require direct personal contact. (aappublications.org)
- These patients, if selected carefully in an appropriate medical care setting, can be treated with oral empiric therapies as outpatients. (renalandurologynews.com)
- Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the ability of Citrobacter freundii to resist to fifteen antimicrobials. (pharmascope.org)
- Patients whose CRP levels at the first period were greater than 1.0 mg/dL were excluded from the study. (scirp.org)
- Patients with secondary peritonitis were ex- the initial treatment with cefotaxime, one of the most cluded from the study. (deepdyve.com)
- In total 2664 NGNB isolated from 2306 specimens from 2187 patients were included in the study. (antibiotic.ru)
- In this study the authors looked at the various comorbidities and perioperative complications and their impact on readmission rates of patients undergoing outpatient versus inpatient 3- and 4-level anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF). (thejns.org)
- however, prospective collection of longitudinal outcomes for 5 years postoperatively can be challenging due to lack of patient follow-up. (thejns.org)
- According to cyrex laboratories: "The detection of antibodies to P. gingivalis indicates the patient has increased risk of rheumatoid arthritis and cardiovascular autoimmunity. (holisticcharlotte.com)
- According to cyrex laboratories: "The detection of antibodies to S. mutans indicates the patient may have increased risk of autoimmune cardiovascular disorders. (holisticcharlotte.com)
- According to cyrex laboratories: "The detection of antibodies to C. jejuni indicates the patient may have increased risk of bowel disorders, neurological disorders and arthritis. (holisticcharlotte.com)
- According to cyrex laboratories: "The detection of antibodies to Y. enterocolitica indicates the patient has increased risk of gastrointestinal disorders, eye inflammation, thyroid autoimmunity, reactive arthritis. (holisticcharlotte.com)
- According to cyrex laboratories: "The detection of antibodies to C. difficile indicates the patient has increased risk of gastrointestinal disorders including irritable bowels, ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease. (holisticcharlotte.com)
- S. aureus in 15.6% of patients (n = 60). (biomedcentral.com)