Radiographic Magnification: Use of optic and geometric techniques to enhance radiographic image quality and interpretation. It includes use of microfocal X-ray tubes and intensifying fluoroscopic screens.Lenses: Pieces of glass or other transparent materials used for magnification or increased visual acuity.Indigo Carmine: Indolesulfonic acid used as a dye in renal function testing for the detection of nitrates and chlorates, and in the testing of milk.Osteochondroma: A cartilage-capped benign tumor that often appears as a stalk on the surface of bone. It is probably a developmental malformation rather than a true neoplasm and is usually found in the metaphysis of the distal femur, proximal tibia, or proximal humerus. Osteochondroma is the most common of benign bone tumors.Osteosarcoma, Juxtacortical: A form of osteogenic sarcoma of relatively low malignancy, probably arising from the periosteum and initially involving cortical bone and adjacent connective tissue. It occurs in middle-aged as well as young adults and most commonly affects the lower part of the femoral shaft. (Stedman, 25th ed)Scleral Diseases: General disorders of the sclera or white of the eye. They may include anatomic, embryologic, degenerative, or pigmentation defects.Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.Bone Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer located in bone tissue or specific BONES.Intervertebral Disc: Any of the 23 plates of fibrocartilage found between the bodies of adjacent VERTEBRAE.Patents as Topic: Exclusive legal rights or privileges applied to inventions, plants, etc.Intervertebral Disc Degeneration: Degenerative changes in the INTERVERTEBRAL DISC due to aging or structural damage, especially to the vertebral end-plates.Osseointegration: The growth action of bone tissue as it assimilates surgically implanted devices or prostheses to be used as either replacement parts (e.g., hip) or as anchors (e.g., endosseous dental implants).Intervertebral Disc Displacement: An INTERVERTEBRAL DISC in which the nucleus pulposus has protruded through surrounding fibrocartilage. This occurs most frequently in the lower lumbar region.Lumbar Vertebrae: VERTEBRAE in the region of the lower BACK below the THORACIC VERTEBRAE and above the SACRAL VERTEBRAE.Dental Implants: Biocompatible materials placed into (endosseous) or onto (subperiosteal) the jawbone to support a crown, bridge, or artificial tooth, or to stabilize a diseased tooth.Mammography: Radiographic examination of the breast.X-Rays: Penetrating electromagnetic radiation emitted when the inner orbital electrons of an atom are excited and release radiant energy. X-ray wavelengths range from 1 pm to 10 nm. Hard X-rays are the higher energy, shorter wavelength X-rays. Soft x-rays or Grenz rays are less energetic and longer in wavelength. The short wavelength end of the X-ray spectrum overlaps the GAMMA RAYS wavelength range. The distinction between gamma rays and X-rays is based on their radiation source.Radiographic Image Enhancement: Improvement in the quality of an x-ray image by use of an intensifying screen, tube, or filter and by optimum exposure techniques. Digital processing methods are often employed.Radiographic Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted: Computer systems or networks designed to provide radiographic interpretive information.X-Ray Intensifying Screens: Screens which absorb the energy in the x-ray beam that has penetrated the patient and convert this energy into a light pattern which has as nearly as possible the same information as the original x-ray beam. The more light a screen produces for a given input of x-radiation, the less x-ray exposure and thus shorter exposure time are needed to expose the film. In most film-screen systems, the film is sandwiched between two screens in a cassette so that the emulsion on each side is exposed to the light from its contiguous screen.Breast Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the human BREAST.Mass Screening: Organized periodic procedures performed on large groups of people for the purpose of detecting disease.Phantoms, Imaging: Devices or objects in various imaging techniques used to visualize or enhance visualization by simulating conditions encountered in the procedure. Phantoms are used very often in procedures employing or measuring x-irradiation or radioactive material to evaluate performance. Phantoms often have properties similar to human tissue. Water demonstrates absorbing properties similar to normal tissue, hence water-filled phantoms are used to map radiation levels. Phantoms are used also as teaching aids to simulate real conditions with x-ray or ultrasonic machines. (From Iturralde, Dictionary and Handbook of Nuclear Medicine and Clinical Imaging, 1990)Radiography, Dental, Digital: A rapid, low-dose, digital imaging system using a small intraoral sensor instead of radiographic film, an intensifying screen, and a charge-coupled device. It presents the possibility of reduced patient exposure and minimal distortion, although resolution and latitude are inferior to standard dental radiography. A receiver is placed in the mouth, routing signals to a computer which images the signals on a screen or in print. It includes digitizing from x-ray film or any other detector. (From MEDLINE abstracts; personal communication from Dr. Charles Berthold, NIDR)Physics: The study of those aspects of energy and matter in terms of elementary principles and laws. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Radiation Dosage: The amount of radiation energy that is deposited in a unit mass of material, such as tissues of plants or animal. In RADIOTHERAPY, radiation dosage is expressed in gray units (Gy). In RADIOLOGIC HEALTH, the dosage is expressed by the product of absorbed dose (Gy) and quality factor (a function of linear energy transfer), and is called radiation dose equivalent in sievert units (Sv).BooksThymus Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the THYMUS GLAND.Thymoma: A neoplasm originating from thymic tissue, usually benign, and frequently encapsulated. Although it is occasionally invasive, metastases are extremely rare. It consists of any type of thymic epithelial cell as well as lymphocytes that are usually abundant. Malignant lymphomas that involve the thymus, e.g., lymphosarcoma, Hodgkin's disease (previously termed granulomatous thymoma), should not be regarded as thymoma. (From Stedman, 25th ed)Gene Expression Profiling: The determination of the pattern of genes expressed at the level of GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION, under specific circumstances or in a specific cell.Thymectomy: Surgical removal of the thymus gland. (Dorland, 28th ed)Genomics: The systematic study of the complete DNA sequences (GENOME) of organisms.Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial: Neoplasms composed of glandular tissue, an aggregation of epithelial cells that elaborate secretions, and of any type of epithelium itself. The concept does not refer to neoplasms located in the various glands or in epithelial tissue.ras Proteins: Small, monomeric GTP-binding proteins encoded by ras genes (GENES, RAS). The protooncogene-derived protein, PROTO-ONCOGENE PROTEIN P21(RAS), plays a role in normal cellular growth, differentiation and development. The oncogene-derived protein (ONCOGENE PROTEIN P21(RAS)) can play a role in aberrant cellular regulation during neoplastic cell transformation (CELL TRANSFORMATION, NEOPLASTIC). This enzyme was formerly listed as EC Ventricle Neoplasms: Neoplasms located in the brain ventricles, including the two lateral, the third, and the fourth ventricle. Ventricular tumors may be primary (e.g., CHOROID PLEXUS NEOPLASMS and GLIOMA, SUBEPENDYMAL), metastasize from distant organs, or occur as extensions of locally invasive tumors from adjacent brain structures.Choroid Plexus Neoplasms: Benign or malignant tumors which arise from the choroid plexus of the ventricles of the brain. Papillomas (see PAPILLOMA, CHOROID PLEXUS) and carcinomas are the most common histologic subtypes, and tend to seed throughout the ventricular and subarachnoid spaces. Clinical features include headaches, ataxia and alterations of consciousness, primarily resulting from associated HYDROCEPHALUS. (From Devita et al., Cancer: Principles and Practice of Oncology, 5th ed, p2072; J Neurosurg 1998 Mar;88(3):521-8)Meningioma: A relatively common neoplasm of the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that arises from arachnoidal cells. The majority are well differentiated vascular tumors which grow slowly and have a low potential to be invasive, although malignant subtypes occur. Meningiomas have a predilection to arise from the parasagittal region, cerebral convexity, sphenoidal ridge, olfactory groove, and SPINAL CANAL. (From DeVita et al., Cancer: Principles and Practice of Oncology, 5th ed, pp2056-7)Intracranial Hypertension: Increased pressure within the cranial vault. This may result from several conditions, including HYDROCEPHALUS; BRAIN EDEMA; intracranial masses; severe systemic HYPERTENSION; PSEUDOTUMOR CEREBRI; and other disorders.Choroid Plexus: A villous structure of tangled masses of BLOOD VESSELS contained within the third, lateral, and fourth ventricles of the BRAIN. It regulates part of the production and composition of CEREBROSPINAL FLUID.Meningeal Neoplasms: Benign and malignant neoplastic processes that arise from or secondarily involve the meningeal coverings of the brain and spinal cord.Hydrocephalus: Excessive accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid within the cranium which may be associated with dilation of cerebral ventricles, INTRACRANIAL HYPERTENSION; HEADACHE; lethargy; URINARY INCONTINENCE; and ATAXIA.Retropharyngeal Abscess: An accumulation of purulent material in the space between the PHARYNX and the CERVICAL VERTEBRAE. This usually results from SUPPURATION of retropharyngeal LYMPH NODES in patients with UPPER RESPIRATORY TRACT INFECTIONS, perforation of the pharynx, or head and neck injuries.Cervical Plexus: A network of nerve fibers originating in the upper four CERVICAL SPINAL CORD segments. The cervical plexus distributes cutaneous nerves to parts of the neck, shoulders, and back of the head. It also distributes motor fibers to muscles of the cervical SPINAL COLUMN, infrahyoid muscles, and the DIAPHRAGM.Pharyngeal Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the PHARYNX.Somatotypes: Particular categories of body build, determined on the basis of certain physical characteristics. The three basic body types are ectomorph (thin physique), endomorph (rounded physique), and mesomorph (athletic physique).Plastic Embedding: The infiltrating of histological specimens with plastics, including acrylic resins, epoxy resins and polyethylene glycol, for support of the tissues in preparation for sectioning with a microtome.Corneal Topography: The measurement of curvature and shape of the anterior surface of the cornea using techniques such as keratometry, keratoscopy, photokeratoscopy, profile photography, computer-assisted image processing and videokeratography. This measurement is often applied in the fitting of contact lenses and in diagnosing corneal diseases or corneal changes including keratoconus, which occur after keratotomy and keratoplasty.Body Weight: The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.Osteoarthritis, Hip: Noninflammatory degenerative disease of the hip joint which usually appears in late middle or old age. It is characterized by growth or maturational disturbances in the femoral neck and head, as well as acetabular dysplasia. A dominant symptom is pain on weight-bearing or motion.Hip Joint: The joint that is formed by the articulation of the head of FEMUR and the ACETABULUM of the PELVIS.Orthopedics: A surgical specialty which utilizes medical, surgical, and physical methods to treat and correct deformities, diseases, and injuries to the skeletal system, its articulations, and associated structures.Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip: Replacement of the hip joint.Pathology Department, Hospital: Hospital department which administers and provides pathology services.Hip Prosthesis: Replacement for a hip joint.Falconiformes: An order of diurnal BIRDS of prey, including EAGLES; HAWKS; buzzards; vultures; and falcons.
The estimated radiographic magnification factor (ERMF) is the ratio of the source-detector distance (SDD) over the source- ... Supine - Patient lies on the back. *Decubitus - Patient lying down. Further described by the downside body surface: dorsal ( ... Geometric unsharpness increases proportionally to the focal spot size, as well as the estimated radiographic magnification ... in case the patient cannot stand, the radiograph often needs to be taken with the patient lying in a supine position (called a ...
Radiation doses to the patient depend greatly on the size of the patient as well as length of the procedure, with typical skin ... Negative radiographic contrast agents are air and carbon dioxide (CO2). The latter is easily absorbed by the body and causes ... magnification' mode may be slightly better than a flat panel. ... Because the patient must be exposed to a continuous source of X ... As the X-rays pass through the patient, they are attenuated by varying amounts as they pass through or reflect off the ...
At higher magnification. Hematoxylin & eosin stain. Micrograph (high magnification) of a seminoma. H&E stain. Testicular ... Active surveillance consists of periodic history and physical examinations, tumor marker analysis, and radiographic imaging. ... January 1994). "Advanced seminoma: treatment results, survival, and prognostic factors in 142 patients". Journal of Clinical ...
Incidence is slightly more in males than females (1.3:1). High magnification micrograph of an aneurysmal bone cyst Intermediate ... Spinal lesions may cause quadriplegia and patients with skull lesions may have headaches. Commonly affected sites are ... Davies, Arthur (2002). Who Manual Of Diagnostic Imaging: Radiographic Anatomy And Interpretation Of The Muskuloskeletal System ... a review of 150 patients". J. Clin. Oncol. 23 (27): 6756-62. doi:10.1200/JCO.2005.15.255. PMID 16170183. ...
The use of magnification devices such as microscopes, and dental loupes have been widely accepted among endodontists and ... The aim is to have radiographic evidence of healing, with no postoperative lesions present, and restored periradicular health ... Arens, Donald E. (2003). "Introduction to magnification in endodontics". Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry: ... Del Fabbro, Massimo; Taschieri, Silvio; Lodi, Giovanni; Banfi, Giuseppe; Weinstein, Roberto L. (2015). "Magnification devices ...
... or patients who had no money to pay. At times, he also gave money to patients to help them with the expense of coming to ... He published a paper on this radiographic phenomenon ("pneumoperitoneum") in 1919 based on a clinical observation he had made ... particularly without the benefit of the surgical microscope for magnification. Even today this type of surgery is arguably the ... There were stories of Dandy being dictatorial and demanding perfect service for his patients, and these were true. There were ...
For radiographic imaging, an x-ray is the least effective way to collect information when observing a patient with lumbar ... Spinal microsurgeries are performed with high magnification 3D imaging of the fixated area of the spine, reducing the potential ... The sharp contrast of the high power MRI outlines details in the vertebra that are critical when examining a patient with ... The outcome of the CT scan can help compile physiological evidence that the patient has lumbar spinal stenosis, and that the ...
Whether a patient experiences pain or not largely depends on the location of the affected disc and the amount of pressure that ... The typical radiographic findings in DDD are black discs, disc space narrowing, vacuum disc, end plate sclerosis, and ... pulposus is removed by way of a surgical instrument or laser while using an operating microscope or loupe for magnification. ... In fact, the amount of degeneration does not correlate well with the amount of pain patients experience. Many people experience ...
Active surveillance consists of periodic history and physical examinations, tumor marker analysis, and radiographic imaging. ... "Advanced seminoma: treatment results, survival, and prognostic factors in 142 patients". Journal of Clinical Oncology. 12 (1 ...
No complications were observed postoperatively and the patient remained disease-free at the two-year followup. The patient had ... Radiographic examination revealed a cm. focal ossified lesion with a chondroid matrix (Figure 13). The CT image demonstrated ... Low-power view of the lesion, demonstrating a cartilaginous cap and bony spicules (hematoxylin-eosin stain; magnification ×4). ... The patient was a 54-year-old right-hand-dominant male who presented to us with a fast growing mass in his left hand. He had no ...
... is correlated with radiographic outcome. It was therefore t... ... It is unclear how patient-reported outcome in patients with ... Radiographic Magnification. Use of optic and geometric techniques to enhance radiographic image quality and interpretation. It ... Agreement of radiographic measurements and patient-reported outcome in 61 patients with Legg-Calvé-. Perthes disease at mean ... Agreement of radiographic measurements and patient-reported outcome in 61 patients with Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease at mean ...
Center: A radiographic image of the brain of a patient who has neurocysticercosis; the small dark spots within the brain are ... Images: Left: Taenia egg at a high magnification of 400x. When consumed by humans, Taenia solium eggs can lead to cysticercosis ...
26] At 2 years after surgery, all patients had wrist motion that was within 5º of preoperative motion; there were no ... Most acute wrist sprains in which radiographic findings are normal resolve after conservative measures. However, the evaluation ... and ligaments under bright illumination and magnification. ... For patient education resources, see Wrist Injury and Carpal ... In a study of 55 patients who underwent arthroscopic resection for dorsal wrist ganglion cysts, Edwards et al noted a ...
With the patient in a prone position on a lumbar frame, radiographic equipment can assist in confirming the precise ... Due to variability in degrees of magnification from radiographs, the measurements are only an estimate. ... The dimensions of implant 10 can be varied to accommodate a patients anatomy. Typically, implant 10 would have a width between ... A surgeon may do some minimal intraoperative shaping and sizing to customize the allograft for the patients spinal anatomy. ...
distortion, magnification,. n a proportional enlargement of a radiographic image. It is always present to some degree in oral ... Patient discussion about distortion. Q. what does c4-5 mild central disk bulging impinging upon cervical cord without spinal ... The distortions of patients tend to influence their views of the world and themselves, as by altering a negative perception to ... This is due to an unequal magnification of the image. Distortion can be barrel-shaped (barrel-shaped distortion) in which the ...
Plain radiographic data failed to reveal that one oblique angle was favorable to another in terms of magnification or precision ... I treat my patients as my family. I do not perform spine surgery to change their backs, but to improve patients lifestyles and ... social and educational background and patients expectations, one should review the patients radiographs and CT scans to ... We recommend that thin cut axial CT scans be obtained on all patients prior to transpedicular fixation in the cervical spine.. ...
Laser - Excimer Patient MonitorRefurbished Medical EquipmentMobile Radiographic UnitMammography UnitUltrasound Probes ... and differential diagnoses in symptomatic patients. Most of the mammographs allow magnification views and spot images. In ... Mammography x-ray systems are specially designed to produce radiographic images of the breast. This equipment is assembled of ... Mammography X-ray systems are specially designed to produce radiographic images of the breast. The main clinical applications ...
Radiographic techniques have had to adapt.. The gold standard chest radiograph devised for an erect patient has an FFD of 180 ... To minimise magnification, we recommend that the x ray plate is placed close to the patient. Ideally this should be directly ... The patient would have been lifted and the x ray cassette placed directly next to the skin, indeed the patient was often sat ... Patient variables-mediastinal depth and patient weight. Volunteers with weights varying from 50-90 kg lay supine on a long ...
We performed a retrospective chart and radiographic review. Patient notes were canvassed for demographic and operative details ... Linear and angular measurements were taken using Siemens Magicweb software, and magnification errors were accounted for. ... Patients. At a minimum of 5 years post hip replacement, eight patients (ten hips) had demised, at an average of 3.3 years post ... The patient ages ranged from 18 to 55 years with a mean of 43.1 years at time of operation. At last review, eight patients (ten ...
A patient has a history of breast cancer *A patient is asymptomatic but, on the basis of the patients history and other ... Short-interval follow-up for probably benign radiographic findings as defined by the ACR Breast Imaging Reporting and Data ... What code(s) should be reported to describe a screening mammogram when additional magnification views are required for a ... If the patient and referring physician decide that a screening mammogram should be performed, then the patient would receive a ...
In all patients with a radiographic diagnosis of a fracture that would be amenable to closed or open reduction. ... This patient has the subtle magnification sign, with the right portion of the mandible appearing slightly magnified compared ... In a study of pediatric mandibular fractures (patients ≤18 yr), patients 12 years or younger and female patients tended to have ... With the patients mouth open, the left temporomandibular joint (TMJ) shows some mild dislocation in this radiographic image. ...
increasing the patient-to-image distance, using an air gap, and. *using a radiographic grid placed between the patient and the ... The unequal magnification effects are illustrated in Figure 3.13. The divergent nature of the X-ray beam can be seen to cause ... Median Adult Patient Doses for Common Radiographic Examinations[14] Examination Entrance Skin Dose (mGy) Effective Dose (mSv) ... Strategies for patient dose reduction in General Radiography include:. *Limiting the area of the patient which is exposed to ...
... as well as stricture length is also underestimated because of certain technical factors like magnification factor and patient ... Although radiographic retrograde urethrography (RGU) has long been the gold standard for imaging the anterior urethra, inherent ... For the study, patient was lying supine. The glans was disinfected and a 12F Foley catheter was introduced such that the bulb ... Akano AO et al (6) observed similar observation Out of total 80 patients, strictures were found in majority of cases i.e. 60 ( ...
At least one patient with thymoma has been reported in the literature to have had a documented radiographic response to the ... Original magnification, ×40. Middle, sequencing chromatograms. Right, immunohistochemical studies with anti-EGFR or anti-KIT ... Patients with thymic tumors have exhibited radiographic responses to KIT inhibitors like imatinib (13-15). Moreover, KIT ... Patient samples. Tumors specimens from patients with resected thymoma or thymic carcinoma who underwent surgical resection at ...
Which glioblastoma multiforme patient will become a long-term survivor? A population-based study. Ann Neurol 1999;46:183-188. ... Gemistocytes were the most common cell type within the neoplasm (A; hematoxylin and eosin, original magnification ×400). ... Because of the unusual radiographic appearance and location, the histologic slides were also reviewed by physicians at the ... The patient was a 32-year-old, right-handed woman without significant past medical history who presented for evaluation of ...
... therefore taking into consideration differences in radiographic technique and a patients body habitus.11 All of these methods ... the normal values obtained with the 2 techniques are mainly thought to be secondary to intrinsic magnification of radiographic ... Ideally, the patient population would have included only healthy volunteers or patients undergoing MDCT of the cervical spine ... The patient population consisted of 192 trauma patients (119 men and 73 women) who presented to the hospital emergency ...
... reliable method of calculating radiographic hip magnification. Over 55,000 hip replacement operations are undertaken each year ... the patient lies with their hips on the pad; a string of five linked precision balls are placed on the patients abdomen. The ... This new system is much less intrusive for patients than the current methods of measurement, more accurate and also is ... Better surgery: New glue developed at Purdue could make millions of medical procedures safer, less invasive for patients ...
Relevant clinical information including patient demographics, presenting manifestations, and radiographic findings where ... Over 350 high quality illustrative photomicrographs, many with low and high magnification views ...
A fossa width index was used for comparison because it negates the effects of patient size and radiographic magnification. The ... Radiographic And Computed Tomographic Evaluation Of The Canine Intercondylar Fossa In Normal Stifles And After Notchplasty In ... This study compared radiographic and CT evaluation with gross evaluation of the intercondylar fossa. Six greyhounds were ...
Three-quarters of Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Have Other Comorbidities * Sleeve Gastrectomy Tied to Lower Fracture Risk in ... H&E stain, medium power magnification showing numerous vertical slits (upper left) in the articular surface cartilage known as ... encoded search term (Which radiographic findings are characteristic of osteoarthritis (OA of the elbow?) and Which radiographic ... Which radiographic findings are characteristic of osteoarthritis (OA of the elbow?. Updated: Jun 10, 2020 ...
The estimated radiographic magnification factor (ERMF) is the ratio of the source-detector distance (SDD) over the source- ... Supine - Patient lies on the back. *Decubitus - Patient lying down. Further described by the downside body surface: dorsal ( ... Geometric unsharpness increases proportionally to the focal spot size, as well as the estimated radiographic magnification ... in case the patient cannot stand, the radiograph often needs to be taken with the patient lying in a supine position (called a ...
Correction of magnification of pre-and postoperative radiographs and radiographic measurements were performed according to ... However preoperative clinical and radiographic data showed no difference for patients groups, except for a slightly higher ... Radiographic evaluation. Radiographic measurement was performed on digital low-centered AP radiographs of the pelvis [15], by ... With both approaches, radiographic leg length was increased slightly by 3.0 and 3.5 mm, being within the radiographic ...
We selected 107 patients from a large trial (n = 1,232) evaluating the effect of a bisphosphonate on OA knees. The MRI ... fluoroscopic guidance and by fixing a metal sphere to the fibula head to correct the effects of the radiographic magnification ... Patient selection. A subset of 110 patients was selected from 1,232 patients enrolled in a large clinical trial evaluating the ... Patient characteristics. A subgroup of 110 patients was assessed with quantitative MRI (qMRI); three patients were lost to ...
There were 10 patients with an SLS and 12 patients with intact valves. The radiographic images were acquired at WBH with a ... patients 5 through 10 and 20 through 22). This change in lens size resulted in a factor of 1.3 increase in magnification of the ... Radiographic images of BSCC heart valves implanted in the mitral position were analyzed for 22 patients of the 315-patient ... Radiographic detection and successful prophylactic explantation of single leg separation in patients with Bjo¨rk-Shiley convexo ...
  • Agreement between patients' and radiation oncologists' cancer diagnosis and prognosis perceptions: A cross sectional study in Japan. (
  • This study assessed agreement between radiation oncologist- and cancer patient-reported perceptions about cancer diagnosis, time since diagnosis, treatment purpose, and whether life expectancy had bee. (
  • CT is the current diagnostic tool of choice for the radiographic evaluation and diagnosis of mandible fractures. (
  • Patients were evaluated for cervical spine injury and were included in the study if no congenital or acquired (nondegenerative) osseous abnormality was detected on initial CT and if the patient was discharged from the hospital without a diagnosis of a cervical spine or soft-tissue injury. (
  • A diagnosis of lumbar degenerative disease was the first consideration, and the patient was treated conservatively with medication (Celecoxib 200 mg, orally, twice daily and Eperisone 50 mg, orally, three times daily) and physical therapy. (
  • This clinical report presents the diagnosis, treatment planning and prosthetic rehabilitation of a 19-year-old female patient with AI associated with a group of dental anomalies. (
  • The patient was hospitalized in our department, and biopsy of the skull was performed in order to obtain a definite diagnosis. (
  • Orthodontic diagnosis and treatment planning is based on comprehensive information obtained from the patient. (
  • Attempting to perform procedures on an awake patient that is struggling, under sedation, or injectable anesthesia reduces the ability to make an accurate diagnosis, does not allow adequate treatment, and increases stress and risks to the patient. (
  • The differential diagnosis in these patients vs. someone who has never travelled outside the US is broader. (
  • Our study highlights the importance of the HLA-B27-mediated activation of the sXBP1/RARB/TNAP axis in AS syndesmophyte pathogenesis and provides a new strategy for the diagnosis and prevention of radiographic progression of AS. (
  • For the diagnosis of interproximal caries in posterior teeth, digital radiographic images have been shown to be equivalent to film. (
  • It was believed, however, that the radiographic results were most compatible with a diagnosis of TB of the spine, and she was started on a regimen of isoniazid and rifampin. (
  • Larger lesions may appear septated Following conditions are excluded before diagnosis can be confirmed: Unicameral bone cyst Giant cell tumor Telangiectatic osteosarcoma Secondary aneurysmal bone cyst Curettage is performed on some patients, and is sufficient for inactive lesions. (
  • First introduced in the 1980s, digital radiographic images can now be obtained using sensors and photostimulable phosphor (PSP) plates, respectively direct and indirect methods. (
  • For both traditional and digital radiographic images, the contrasting shades observed on images are the result of the difference in the attenuation (penetration) of the x-ray beam as it passes through tissues of varying density. (
  • Resurfacing arthroplasty appeared to be a good solution for the young active patient, providing greater range of motion with the large heads, and bone conservation allowing for easier revision when required. (
  • As the X-rays pass through the patient, they are attenuated by varying amounts as they pass through or reflect off the different tissues of the body, casting an X-ray shadow of the radiopaque tissues (such as bone tissue ) on the fluorescent screen. (
  • In this study, we investigated subcortical bone marrow changes in joints from patients with RA. (
  • Resorption of subchondral bone, which appears in radiography, is a criterion for the classification of RA and assessment of radiographic bone damage has become an important tool for monitoring RA patients in clinical studies and daily practice ( 4 , 5 ). (
  • We examined the surgical specimens of bone metastases from patients with various types of cancers by using immunohistochemistry and observed evident COX-2 expression in these bone metastases. (
  • More than 70% of breast cancer patients at the terminal stages of the disease manifest bone metastases. (
  • New bone formation was assessed by the radiographic examination. (
  • The developed biotechnology of living three-dimensional tissue-engineered bone equivalent transplantation with overall effectiveness 90.4% allows restoring the bone integrity, forming new bone tissue in a site of bone defect, and significantly reducing the rehabilitation period of a patient. (
  • Temporary and economic costs for treating patients with alterations of reparative regeneration processes, especially in the high-energy mechanism of trauma, the complexity of their social adaptation, justify the need to search for innovative organ-saving technologies of regenerative medicine for bone integrity restoration. (
  • Furthermore, we demonstrated that the serum bone-specific TNAP (BAP) level was a potential prognostic biomarker to predict AS patients with a high risk for radiographic progression. (
  • In these patients, the intramedullary canals with osteoporotic bone were less likely to accommodate relatively straight hip nails. (
  • Relative contraindications include bone metabolism disorders and issues with patient healing ability. (
  • High magnification micrograph of an aneurysmal bone cyst Intermediate magnification micrograph of an aneurysmal bone cyst Simple bone cyst (SBC) Giant cell tumor of bone Traumatic bone cyst Maroldi, Roberto (2005). (
  • Ultrasonic vs Radiographic Measurement of Gingival Biotype. (
  • The thickness of the prevertebral soft tissue (PVST) has long been considered a valuable radiographic measurement in evaluating possible injury to the cervical spine. (
  • This new system is much less intrusive for patients than the current methods of measurement, more accurate and also is particularly useful in measuring larger patients. (
  • Cardiothoracic ratio and a specification of 2.5 to 3.5 inter-costal spaces had been introduced in veterinary medicine as an indicator of normal heart size in lateral radiographic views for dogs, but due to some limitations, use of these techniques has been supplanted by another cardiac measurement technique called the vertebral heart score, in which the heart length and width on the thoracic radiograph is compared with the vertebral length. (
  • We hypothesized that anterior cortical penetration in distal femur would occur in patients whose femoral anterior bow was identified as too large for nailing by preoperative measurement of contralateral X-ray. (
  • Maximum visibility, especially of the signs of pathology, is achieved by using state-of-the -art equipment and imaging protocols (technique factors, image processing, etc.) that optimize the procedure and balance the quality requirements with the radiation dose to the patient. (
  • The application of this sequential immunotherapy to advanced ovarian carcinoma patients also revealed that tumor destruction and severe inflammatory pathology could be dissociated, although further refinements are required to increase clinical responses and to minimize toxicity in this population. (
  • Those who care for patients with pulmonary, critical care or sleep disorders rely heavily on chest radiology and pathology to determine diagnoses. (
  • The stain used for pathology specimens and magnification should be mentioned in the figure legend. (
  • It should be kept in mind that, especially in patients with severe alveolar resorption, the use of intraoral films may be difficult. (
  • Techniques such as necessary immobilization without discomfort, periodontal probing, intraoral radiology, and the removal of plaque and tartar above and below the gum line that ensure patient health and safety cannot be achieved without general anesthesia. (
  • The patient, a 34-year-old Tongan male with no medical history who worked as a coconut tree trimmer, was singing in his church choir when he developed an acute-onset, global headache and emesis. (
  • Whereas type 1 patients simply formed kidney stones, type 3 patients suffered from acute 'parathyroid poisoning', with kidney failure and death. (
  • Asthma of ic prednisolone ac 1 the patients had underlying systemic recipients, acute as high steroids,18, long-term incidence diabetes, or prednisolone admission. (
  • A 25-year-old female patient presented with a 12-month history of progressive pain in the lateral aspect of her right leg. (
  • Upright chest radiograph in a patient with a left pleural effusion shows blunting of the left lateral costophrenic sulcus with a meniscus indicative of a left pleural effusion. (
  • The initial and final lateral cephalograms of the patients were evaluated. (
  • Reconsidering the necessity of lateral cephalograms in orthodontic treatment of skeletal Class I patients may reduce the amount of ionizing radiation. (
  • Proper positioning of the patient by placing them in lateral recumbency can also help prevent aspiration. (
  • For trauma, often is requested one lateral to assure that there is no risk to move the head of the patient. (
  • For a proper lateral spine positioning, the radiographer places the patient either standing or recumbent left lateral. (
  • If the patient has a lateral curvature (scoliosis) of the spine, should be placed in a lateral position with the curvature toward the IR to keep the intervertebral disk space as open as possible, the center ray should be going through in the maximum curvature point referencing the AP projection. (
  • Correcting for radiographic magnification, the distance from the mid-medial cuneiform to the floor on the lateral radiograph averaged 40 mm preoperatively and 47 mm postoperatively (average improvement 7 mm). (
  • The vertebral heart score may be useful in assessing the change in size of the heart in a patient over time as there is good correlation between the growth of different visceral organs and vertebral body length. (
  • At a mean follow-up of 28 years (15-42), 61 patients were investigated clinically and by plain radiography to evaluate the sphericity deviation score, femoral head enlargement and femoral neck growth inhibition. (
  • As currently performed, conventional chest radiography employs digital x-ray receptors that are embedded in radiographic cassettes. (
  • Digital radiography units convert x-ray photons into an electrical charge in one of two ways: directly, using an x-ray photoconductor and thin-film transistors that convert the x-ray photons traversing the patient, or indirectly, using a scintillator that first converts the x-ray photons into light and then converts the light into an electrical charge by either a photodiode or a charged coupled device (CCD). (
  • Digital radiography has a significant benefit over film in reducing the amount of radiation to which a patient is exposed. (
  • 9,10 Digital radiography also provides an excellent patient education tool with the ability to use the computer monitor at chairside to better demonstrate conditions that have been diagnosed and possible proposed treatment. (
  • The main clinical applications of these systems are in breast cancer screening, staging and grading, and differential diagnoses in symptomatic patients. (
  • Use of symptom-directed radiation in tandem with ALK inhibitors contributed to the disease and symptomatic control and prolonged survival in this patient. (
  • We performed a retrospective chart and radiographic review. (
  • The present retrospective radiological comparative study included 106 patients, who had undergone 106 consecutive unilateral primary THAs with the same cementless implant components at our institution between January 2004 and December 2007. (
  • Retrospective analysis of CTCs from patients progressing under treatment with an AR inhibitor, compared with untreated cases, indicates activation of noncanonical Wnt signaling (P = 0.0064). (
  • METHOD AND RESULTS: Patients with unilateral and isolated angle or condylar fractures were included in this retrospective, cross-sectional study. (
  • Outcomes of non-osteoporotic patients who sustained a distal radius fracture (DRF) have not gained much attention in recent literature. (
  • This review intends to discuss the techniques and outcomes of surgical reconstructions accepted and utilized in the skeletally immature patients. (
  • Diagnostic mammography requires direct supervision.1 A diagnostic mammogram may include MLO, CC, and/or additional views to evaluate an area of clinical or radiographic concern. (
  • To identify those valves at risk of complete OSF, an in vivo radiographic imaging technique is being developed to evaluate the strut leg integrity. (
  • In an effort to identify those valves that may have one leg separated from the flange, a radiographic imaging technique is being developed that can be used to evaluate the integrity of the outlet strut legs in vivo. (
  • In total, 52 consecutive patients could be allocated to group A and 54 patients to group B. To evaluate the potential learning curve aspect for cup positioning with the MIS approach, group A was divided into two subgroups. (
  • We followed these patients prospectively at the time of scheduled visits to evaluate femoral osteolysis. (
  • ABSTRACT The aims of this study were to evaluate possible relationships between trait anxiety, dental anxiety and the total number of decayed, missing and filled teeth (DMFT) index of patients attending a dental school clinic. (
  • Apicoectomy and curettage of the periapical lesion were described to the patient, who provided informed consent. (
  • MRI is reserved for assessing soft-tissue injuries associated with condylar fractures and can be used as an additional imaging modality once the patient is stable and if clinical suspicion of such injury is high. (
  • A total of 80 patients from surgery OPD in age group 10 to 70 years with complaints suggestive of urethral strictures, calculi, tumor, diverticuli, anterior urethral fistula, urethritis, palpable anterior urethral irregularities and ventral penile curvature. (
  • 15 adult patients from the out-patient department of Department of Periodontology, Krishnadevaraya College of Dental Sciences, Bangalore, India, aged between 25-75 years were recruited among those seeking treatment for esthetics in the maxillary anterior region due to interdental papilla recession, from July 2013 to September 2014. (
  • 4 ] described anterior cortical perforation at the distal femur in three patients during nailing of subtrochanteric femur fracture. (
  • However it can also be inferred that the lower kV will increase the patient absorbed dose since the Photoelectric Effect results in the total absorption of the energy of the incoming X-ray photon. (
  • Because the patient must be exposed to a continuous source of X-rays instead of a momentary pulse, a fluoroscopy procedure generally subjects a patient to a higher absorbed dose of radiation than an ordinary (still) radiograph . (
  • Regardless of the restorative material or technique used, the main problem faced by practitioners using adhesive restorations is the risk of microleakage [ 9 ], especially in patients presenting high caries activity, poor oral hygiene, and irregular dietary habits. (
  • 4 - 6 Interpretation is a diagnostic challenge when the mediastinum appears wide, the patient is well and the mechanism of injury is unlikely to have caused a traumatic rupture of the thoracic aorta. (
  • Who Manual Of Diagnostic Imaging: Radiographic Anatomy And Interpretation Of The Muskuloskeletal System, VOlume. (
  • 6 7 This technique was first implemented in a 315-patient cohort study performed at WBH in Royal Oak, Mich. 8 Patient selection for the WBH study required patients with a mitral BSCC valve ≥29 mm in diameter having an estimated fracture risk of 0.46% per year. (
  • Patients were followed prospectively with our institutional database and were retrospectively identified for inclusion into the study cohort. (
  • Using multivariate analysis, we established a predictive model based on CD8 expression at the invasive margin and validated the model in an independent cohort of 15 patients. (
  • We reviewed the cases of renal flares in a cohort of patients who participated in 2 randomized controlled clinical trials at the National Institutes of Health and explored the prevalence, outcome, and predictive factors of renal flares. (
  • The administration of fully human anti-CTLA-4 blocking monoclonal antibodies to advanced-cancer patients increases immune-mediated tumor destruction in some subjects. (
  • Here we show that periodic infusions of anti-CTLA-4 antibodies after vaccination with irradiated, autologous tumor cells engineered to secrete GM-CSF (GVAX) generate clinically meaningful antitumor immunity without grade 3 or 4 toxicity in a majority of metastatic melanoma patients. (
  • Among these approaches, vaccination with irradiated, autologous tumor cells engineered to secrete GM-CSF (GVAX) stimulates a coordinated cellular and humoral response that effectuates substantial tumor necrosis in many patients with solid or hematologic malignancies ( 4 ). (
  • evaluated 100 patients with an enlarged sella turcica and the most common cause of its expansion was a primary intrasellar pituitary tumor. (
  • To observe the therapeutic effect of Kangyi Zhongyu Decoction (KZD) combined with gonadotropin releasing hormone-a (GnRH-a) on infertile patients with severe endometriosis. (
  • Shortly before the current presentation, the patient suddenly experienced severe pain with localized swelling on the lower left side. (
  • Gait analysis related to functional outcome in patients operated for ankle fractures. (
  • Background As of January 31, 1995, 564 outlet strut fractures (OSFs) of Bjo¨rk-Shiley convexo-concave (BSCC) heart valves had been reported to the Shiley Heart Valve Research Center, of which approximately two thirds resulted in the death of the patient. (
  • Thickness of the PVST was measured in 192 patients undergoing screening cervical spine MDCT with multiplanar reconstructions as part of a trauma protocol. (
  • It prevents engorgement (an excess of blood) of pulmonary vessels, whereas supine or recumbent positioning tends to increase engorgement of pulmonary vessels, which can change the radiographic appearance of these vessels and the lungs. (
  • After experiencing disease progression while on crizotinib, the patient participated in clinical trials that provided early access to the novel ALK inhibitors ceritinib and alectinib before they were commercially available. (
  • Consideration of parasitic infection and further work-up is determined primarily by whether the patient is an immigrant from, or has recently travelled to a region endemic for parasites. (
  • Studies in the 1970s suggested an upper limit for mediastinal width of 8 cm-8.8 cm. 7 , 8 Since then trauma management has changed and therefore radiographic techniques have had to adapt. (
  • It can be particularly useful in trauma patients who are too unstable for CT or who are pregnant. (
  • Patients should be assessed in accordance with the Advanced Trauma Life Support protocol, so that potentially life-threatening injuries are recognized and treated promptly. (
  • The invention may also have potential for spinal work and trauma implants as well as other joint replacement operations and any surgery where magnification issues exist. (
  • For the study, patient was lying supine. (
  • Patients who had undergone endotracheal or nasogastric tube placement were not included in the study population because intubation has been shown to have an unpredictable but significant effect on PVST width. (
  • The patients were imaged at least twice during the course of the study. (
  • Therefore, the purpose of this clinical study was to investigate the dentoskeletal changes in two groups of patients with class II division 1 malocclusion treated without extractions, either with the Jasper Jumper appliance followed by fixed comprehensive treatment or with the Bionator associated with fixed appliances. (
  • Fifty five patients who had been part of two prospective clinical trials in different time periods and were consecutively treated in the Orthodontic Department at Bauru Dental School, University of São Paulo were retrospectively evaluated in this clinical study. (
  • prospective, controlled, randomized study in 11 patients requiring maxillary sinus elevation. (
  • The details of the study and the procedure were explained to the patients and an institutional review board approved informed consent was obtained from each patient, affiliated to Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences (ACA/DCD/SYN/KCODS - B/PG/2012-2013) (02_D012_36683). (
  • One of the patients failed to complete the follow up visits and hence was excluded from the study. (
  • In urine, when the mail signal of serial refrigerator is much long-term moreover that of large study, fungal majority is ischemic over last patient in the benzoyl of better side to how to buy prednisolone histology and help of adverse sounds. (
  • Unlike the patients for whom Albright coined nephrocalcinosis, we mainly study patients whose stones arise from no systemic disease at all. (
  • In this study we conducted a focus group with 6 volunteer participants with experiences of depression, and a prospective case series of 10 patients who received acupuncture treatment for their depression. (
  • These 25 patients make up our study group. (