Exclusive legal rights or privileges applied to inventions, plants, etc.
A condition in which the FORAMEN OVALE in the ATRIAL SEPTUM fails to close shortly after birth. This results in abnormal communications between the two upper chambers of the heart. An isolated patent ovale foramen without other structural heart defects is usually of no hemodynamic significance.
Developmental abnormalities in any portion of the ATRIAL SEPTUM resulting in abnormal communications between the two upper chambers of the heart. Classification of atrial septal defects is based on location of the communication and types of incomplete fusion of atrial septa with the ENDOCARDIAL CUSHIONS in the fetal heart. They include ostium primum, ostium secundum, sinus venosus, and coronary sinus defects.
Property, such as patents, trademarks, and copyright, that results from creative effort. The Patent and Copyright Clause (Art. 1, Sec. 8, cl. 8) of the United States Constitution provides for promoting the progress of science and useful arts by securing for limited times to authors and inventors, the exclusive right to their respective writings and discoveries. (From Black's Law Dictionary, 5th ed, p1014)
Blockage of an artery due to passage of a clot (THROMBUS) from a systemic vein to a systemic artery without its passing through the lung which acts as a filter to remove blood clots from entering the arterial circulation. Paradoxical embolism occurs when there is a defect that allows a clot to cross directly from the right to the left side of the heart as in the cases of ATRIAL SEPTAL DEFECTS or open FORAMEN OVALE. Once in the arterial circulation, a clot can travel to the brain, block an artery, and cause a STROKE.
A CATHETER-delivered implant used for closing abnormal holes in the cardiovascular system, especially HEART SEPTAL DEFECTS; or passageways intentionally made during cardiovascular surgical procedures.
The degree to which BLOOD VESSELS are not blocked or obstructed.
A novel composition, device, or process, independently conceived de novo or derived from a pre-existing model.
Ultrasonic recording of the size, motion, and composition of the heart and surrounding tissues using a transducer placed in the esophagus.
That segment of commercial enterprise devoted to the design, development, and manufacture of chemical products for use in the diagnosis and treatment of disease, disability, or other dysfunction, or to improve function.
A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.
Conferences, conventions or formal meetings usually attended by delegates representing a special field of interest.
The legal authority or formal permission from authorities to carry on certain activities which by law or regulation require such permission. It may be applied to licensure of institutions as well as individuals.
Procedures in which placement of CARDIAC CATHETERS is performed for therapeutic or diagnostic procedures.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Books used in the study of a subject that contain a systematic presentation of the principles and vocabulary of a subject.
Activities performed to identify concepts and aspects of published information and research reports.
Laws concerned with manufacturing, dispensing, and marketing of drugs.
Published materials which provide an examination of recent or current literature. Review articles can cover a wide range of subject matter at various levels of completeness and comprehensiveness based on analyses of literature that may include research findings. The review may reflect the state of the art. It also includes reviews as a literary form.
Body of knowledge related to the use of organisms, cells or cell-derived constituents for the purpose of developing products which are technically, scientifically and clinically useful. Alteration of biologic function at the molecular level (i.e., GENETIC ENGINEERING) is a central focus; laboratory methods used include TRANSFECTION and CLONING technologies, sequence and structure analysis algorithms, computer databases, and gene and protein structure function analysis and prediction.
Artificial substitutes for body parts, and materials inserted into tissue for functional, cosmetic, or therapeutic purposes. Prostheses can be functional, as in the case of artificial arms and legs, or cosmetic, as in the case of an artificial eye. Implants, all surgically inserted or grafted into the body, tend to be used therapeutically. IMPLANTS, EXPERIMENTAL is available for those used experimentally.
An embryonic structure originating from the ALLANTOIS. It is a canal connecting the fetal URINARY BLADDER and the UMBILICUS. It is normally converted into a fibrous cord postnatally. When the canal fails to be filled and remains open (patent urachus), urine leaks through the umbilicus.
Use of a balloon CATHETER to block the flow of blood through an artery or vein.
A fetal blood vessel connecting the pulmonary artery with the descending aorta.
Works about clinical trials that involve at least one test treatment and one control treatment, concurrent enrollment and follow-up of the test- and control-treated groups, and in which the treatments to be administered are selected by a random process, such as the use of a random-numbers table.
Device constructed of either synthetic or biological material that is used for the repair of injured or diseased blood vessels.
An infant during the first month after birth.
Radiography of blood vessels after injection of a contrast medium.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
A systematic statement of policy rules or principles. Guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by convening expert panels. The text may be cursive or in outline form but is generally a comprehensive guide to problems and approaches in any field of activity. For guidelines in the field of health care and clinical medicine, PRACTICE GUIDELINES AS TOPIC is available.
An approach of practicing medicine with the goal to improve and evaluate patient care. It requires the judicious integration of best research evidence with the patient's values to make decisions about medical care. This method is to help physicians make proper diagnosis, devise best testing plan, choose best treatment and methods of disease prevention, as well as develop guidelines for large groups of patients with the same disease. (from JAMA 296 (9), 2006)
The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.
Method of measuring performance against established standards of best practice.
Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)
Instruction in which learners progress at their own rate using workbooks, textbooks, or electromechanical devices that provide information in discrete steps, test learning at each step, and provide immediate feedback about achievement. (ERIC, Thesaurus of ERIC Descriptors, 1996).
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Obstruction of flow in biological or prosthetic vascular grafts.
A human infant born before 37 weeks of GESTATION.
Application of a ligature to tie a vessel or strangulate a part.
Compounds that contain the triphenylmethane aniline structure found in rosaniline. Many of them have a characteristic magenta color and are used as COLORING AGENTS.
Drugs whose drug name is not protected by a trademark. They may be manufactured by several companies.
Radiographic visualization of the aorta and its branches by injection of contrast media, using percutaneous puncture or catheterization procedures.
Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.
Surgery performed on the heart.
A localized bulging or dilatation in the muscle wall of a heart (MYOCARDIUM), usually in the LEFT VENTRICLE. Blood-filled aneurysms are dangerous because they may burst. Fibrous aneurysms interfere with the heart function through the loss of contractility. True aneurysm is bound by the vessel wall or cardiac wall. False aneurysms are HEMATOMA caused by myocardial rupture.
An opening in the wall between the right and the left upper chambers (HEART ATRIA) of a fetal heart. Oval foramen normally closes soon after birth; when it fails to close the condition is called PATENT OVAL FORAMEN.
Blocking of a blood vessel by an embolus which can be a blood clot or other undissolved material in the blood stream.
Surgical insertion of BLOOD VESSEL PROSTHESES to repair injured or diseased blood vessels.
A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agent with analgesic properties used in the therapy of rheumatism and arthritis.
Works about books, articles or other publications on herbs or plants describing their medicinal value.
Homopolymer of tetrafluoroethylene. Nonflammable, tough, inert plastic tubing or sheeting; used to line vessels, insulate, protect or lubricate apparatus; also as filter, coating for surgical implants or as prosthetic material. Synonyms: Fluoroflex; Fluoroplast; Ftoroplast; Halon; Polyfene; PTFE; Tetron.
Forced expiratory effort against a closed GLOTTIS.
The vein which drains the foot and leg.
One of the three domains of life (the others being BACTERIA and ARCHAEA), also called Eukarya. These are organisms whose cells are enclosed in membranes and possess a nucleus. They comprise almost all multicellular and many unicellular organisms, and are traditionally divided into groups (sometimes called kingdoms) including ANIMALS; PLANTS; FUNGI; and various algae and other taxa that were previously part of the old kingdom Protista.
Surgical union or shunt between ducts, tubes or vessels. It may be end-to-end, end-to-side, side-to-end, or side-to-side.
Financial support of research activities.
A method of hemostasis utilizing various agents such as Gelfoam, silastic, metal, glass, or plastic pellets, autologous clot, fat, and muscle as emboli. It has been used in the treatment of spinal cord and INTRACRANIAL ARTERIOVENOUS MALFORMATIONS, renal arteriovenous fistulas, gastrointestinal bleeding, epistaxis, hypersplenism, certain highly vascular tumors, traumatic rupture of blood vessels, and control of operative hemorrhage.
A psychological state of awareness, the practices that promote this awareness, a mode of processing information and a character trait. As a therapy mindfulness is defined as a moment-to-moment awareness of one's experience without judgment and as a state and not a trait.
A benign pituitary-region neoplasm that originates from Rathke's pouch. The two major histologic and clinical subtypes are adamantinous (or classical) craniopharyngioma and papillary craniopharyngioma. The adamantinous form presents in children and adolescents as an expanding cystic lesion in the pituitary region. The cystic cavity is filled with a black viscous substance and histologically the tumor is composed of adamantinomatous epithelium and areas of calcification and necrosis. Papillary craniopharyngiomas occur in adults, and histologically feature a squamous epithelium with papillations. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1998, Ch14, p50)
Directions or principles presenting current or future rules of policy for assisting health care practitioners in patient care decisions regarding diagnosis, therapy, or related clinical circumstances. The guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by the convening of expert panels. The guidelines form a basis for the evaluation of all aspects of health care and delivery.
Research that involves the application of the natural sciences, especially biology and physiology, to medicine.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
The vein accompanying the femoral artery in the same sheath; it is a continuation of the popliteal vein and becomes the external iliac vein.
Labels pasted in books to mark their ownership and sometimes to indicate their location in a library. Private bookplates are often ornate or artistic: simpler and smaller ones bearing merely the owner's name are called "book labels." They are usually pasted on the front endpaper of books. (From Harrod, The Librarians' Glossary and Reference Book, 4th rev ed & Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Published pieces of paper or other material, usually printed on one side and intended to be read unfolded and usually intended to be posted, publicly distributed, or sold. (From Genre Terms: A Thesaurus for Use in Rare Book and Special Collections Cataloguing, 2d ed)
Blocking of a blood vessel in the SKULL by an EMBOLUS which can be a blood clot (THROMBUS) or other undissolved material in the blood stream. Most emboli are of cardiac origin and are associated with HEART DISEASES. Other non-cardiac sources of emboli are usually associated with VASCULAR DISEASES.
Abnormalities in any part of the HEART SEPTUM resulting in abnormal communication between the left and the right chambers of the heart. The abnormal blood flow inside the heart may be caused by defects in the ATRIAL SEPTUM, the VENTRICULAR SEPTUM, or both.
Devices that provide support for tubular structures that are being anastomosed or for body cavities during skin grafting.
Echocardiography applying the Doppler effect, with the superposition of flow information as colors on a gray scale in a real-time image.
BIOLOGIC PRODUCTS that are imitations but not exact replicas of innovator products.
The teaching or training of patients concerning their own health needs.
Works about pre-planned studies of the safety, efficacy, or optimum dosage schedule (if appropriate) of one or more diagnostic, therapeutic, or prophylactic drugs, devices, or techniques selected according to predetermined criteria of eligibility and observed for predefined evidence of favorable and unfavorable effects. This concept includes clinical trials conducted both in the U.S. and in other countries.
Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.
A group of pathological conditions characterized by sudden, non-convulsive loss of neurological function due to BRAIN ISCHEMIA or INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES. Stroke is classified by the type of tissue NECROSIS, such as the anatomic location, vasculature involved, etiology, age of the affected individual, and hemorrhagic vs. non-hemorrhagic nature. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp777-810)
The plan and delineation of prostheses in general or a specific prosthesis.
Pathological processes which result in the partial or complete obstruction of ARTERIES. They are characterized by greatly reduced or absence of blood flow through these vessels. They are also known as arterial insufficiency.
The venous trunk which receives blood from the lower extremities and from the pelvic and abdominal organs.
Cyst occurring in a persistent portion of the urachus, presenting as an extraperitoneal mass in the umbilical region. It is characterized by abdominal pain, and fever if infected. It may rupture, leading to peritonitis, or it may drain through the umbilicus.
Accumulation of serous fluid between the layers of membrane (tunica vaginalis) covering the TESTIS in the SCROTUM.
A course of study offered by an educational institution.
The continuation of the femoral artery coursing through the popliteal fossa; it divides into the anterior and posterior tibial arteries.
The effort of two or more parties to secure the business of a third party by offering, usually under fair or equitable rules of business practice, the most favorable terms.
Surgical shunt allowing direct passage of blood from an artery to a vein. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
A subtype of migraine disorder, characterized by recurrent attacks of reversible neurological symptoms (aura) that precede or accompany the headache. Aura may include a combination of sensory disturbances, such as blurred VISION; HALLUCINATIONS; VERTIGO; NUMBNESS; and difficulty in concentrating and speaking. Aura is usually followed by features of the COMMON MIGRAINE, such as PHOTOPHOBIA; PHONOPHOBIA; and NAUSEA. (International Classification of Headache Disorders, 2nd ed. Cephalalgia 2004: suppl 1)
The vessels carrying blood away from the capillary beds.
Transmission of live or pre-recorded audio or video content via connection or download from the INTERNET.
A repeat operation for the same condition in the same patient due to disease progression or recurrence, or as followup to failed previous surgery.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
Arteries originating from the subclavian or axillary arteries and distributing to the anterior thoracic wall, mediastinal structures, diaphragm, pectoral muscles and mammary gland.
Use for articles on the investing of funds for income or profit.
Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.
Compositions written by hand, as one written before the invention or adoption of printing. A manuscript may also refer to a handwritten copy of an ancient author. A manuscript may be handwritten or typewritten as distinguished from a printed copy, especially the copy of a writer's work from which printed copies are made. (Webster, 3d ed)
A quantitative method of combining the results of independent studies (usually drawn from the published literature) and synthesizing summaries and conclusions which may be used to evaluate therapeutic effectiveness, plan new studies, etc., with application chiefly in the areas of research and medicine.
Methods of creating machines and devices.
A non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent (NSAID) that inhibits the enzyme cyclooxygenase necessary for the formation of prostaglandins and other autacoids. It also inhibits the motility of polymorphonuclear leukocytes.
Persons whose profession is to give legal advice and assistance to clients and represent them in legal matters. (American Heritage Dictionary, 3d ed)
Operative procedures for the treatment of vascular disorders.
Pathological outpouching or sac-like dilatation in the wall of any blood vessel (ARTERIES or VEINS) or the heart (HEART ANEURYSM). It indicates a thin and weakened area in the wall which may later rupture. Aneurysms are classified by location, etiology, or other characteristics.
Developmental abnormalities involving structures of the heart. These defects are present at birth but may be discovered later in life.
Polyester polymers formed from terephthalic acid or its esters and ethylene glycol. They can be formed into tapes, films or pulled into fibers that are pressed into meshes or woven into fabrics.
The condition of an anatomical structure's being constricted beyond normal dimensions.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
This structure includes the thin muscular atrial septum between the two HEART ATRIA, and the thick muscular ventricular septum between the two HEART VENTRICLES.
The anterior and posterior arteries created at the bifurcation of the popliteal artery. The anterior tibial artery begins at the lower border of the popliteus muscle and lies along the tibia at the distal part of the leg to surface superficially anterior to the ankle joint. Its branches are distributed throughout the leg, ankle, and foot. The posterior tibial artery begins at the lower border of the popliteus muscle, lies behind the tibia in the lower part of its course, and is found situated between the medial malleolus and the medial process of the calcaneal tuberosity. Its branches are distributed throughout the leg and foot.
The process by which a person or group of persons comes to be regarded or treated as lacking in human qualities.
The study, based on direct observation, use of statistical records, interviews, or experimental methods, of actual practices or the actual impact of practices or policies.
Formation and development of a thrombus or blood clot in the blood vessel.
The return of a sign, symptom, or disease after a remission.
Heart sounds caused by vibrations resulting from the flow of blood through the heart. Heart murmurs can be examined by HEART AUSCULTATION, and analyzed by their intensity (6 grades), duration, timing (systolic, diastolic, or continuous), location, transmission, and quality (musical, vibratory, blowing, etc).
Drugs intended for human or veterinary use, presented in their finished dosage form. Included here are materials used in the preparation and/or formulation of the finished dosage form.
Diagnostic and therapeutic procedures that are invasive or surgical in nature, and require the expertise of a specially trained radiologist. In general, they are more invasive than diagnostic imaging but less invasive than major surgery. They often involve catheterization, fluoroscopy, or computed tomography. Some examples include percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography, percutaneous transthoracic biopsy, balloon angioplasty, and arterial embolization.
The interchange of goods or commodities, especially on a large scale, between different countries or between populations within the same country. It includes trade (the buying, selling, or exchanging of commodities, whether wholesale or retail) and business (the purchase and sale of goods to make a profit). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, p411, p2005 & p283)

Disease gene patents: overcoming unethical constraints on clinical laboratory medicine. (1/276)

The rapidly growing number of disease gene patents--patents that claim all methods for diagnosis of a particular genetic condition--threatens the ability of physicians to provide medical care to their patients. In the past, patented diagnostic tests were made broadly available to the medical community in the form of test kits or licenses to use the patented test. Disease gene tests, however, are being monopolized by a small number of providers. Monopolization of medical testing services: (a) threatens to restrict research activities; (b) creates unacceptable conflicts of interest; (c) may reduce patient access to testing; (d) may lead to inequitable extensions of patent terms on tests and related discoveries; and (e) grants to patent holders the ability to dictate the standard of care for testing, and to otherwise interfere with the practice of medicine. Because of the risks raised by monopolization, amendment of the patent law to require compulsory licensing of physicians providing medical services is recommended.  (+info)

Essential drugs in the new international economic environment. (2/276)

Recent global developments in the regulation of trade and intellectual property rights threaten to hinder the access of populations in developing countries to essential drugs. The authors argue for state intervention in the health and pharmaceutical markets in order to guarantee equitable access to these products.  (+info)

The future of molecular genetic testing. (3/276)

The potential applications for genetic testing are immense, with most diseases having some aspect influenced by, if not directly caused by, changes in the genome of the patient. The translation of genetic information into medical applications will be influenced by our understanding of the human genome, technological advances, and social, ethical, and legal issues surrounding genetic testing. With time, new genetic information will be translated into clinical tests for the diagnosis of current illness and prediction of future disease risk, and will be used for the development of genetically directed therapies and preventive interventions. Most genetic testing will be highly automated, with only rare genetic disease tests performed manually. The challenge for the clinical genetic laboratory is to keep pace with this information explosion to provide state-of-the-art genetic testing and to ensure that the genetic test results are used in a morally, ethically, and socially responsible way.  (+info)

Pharmaceutical policies in Canada: another example of federal-provincial discord. (4/276)

Pharmaceutical policy in Canada is set at both the federal and provincial levels of government. The federal government is responsible for intellectual property rights of manufacturers (patents) and the initial approval and labelling of prescription drugs and for ensuring overall market competitiveness. The provincial government has responsibility and jurisdiction over the funding of all health care services, including pharmaceuticals. Various interactions between the pharmaceutical industry, the federal and provincial governments and consumers have shaped the current landscape for prescription drugs in Canada. One key failing of the system is that the federal government is almost completely insulated from the impact of its policies because, although it regulates drug prices, it does not buy any drugs. In contrast, provincial governments have no jurisdiction over market competitiveness or pricing, yet end up paying for most of the drug expenditures incurred.  (+info)

Effect of multiple-source entry on price competition after patent expiration in the pharmaceutical industry. (5/276)

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the effect of multiple-source drug entry on price competition after patent expiration in the pharmaceutical industry. DATA SOURCES: Originators and their multiple-source drugs selected from the 35 chemical entities whose patents expired from 1984 through 1987. Data were obtained from various primary and secondary sources for the patents' expiration dates, sales volume and units sold, and characteristics of drugs in the sample markets. STUDY DESIGN: The study was designed to determine significant factors using the study model developed under the assumption that the off-patented market is an imperfectly segmented market. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: After patent expiration, the originators' prices continued to increase, while the price of multiple-source drugs decreased significantly over time. By the fourth year after patent expiration, originators' sales had decreased 12 percent in dollars and 30 percent in quantity. Multiple-source drugs increased their sales twofold in dollars and threefold in quantity, and possessed about one-fourth (in dollars) and half (in quantity) of the total market three years after entry. CONCLUSION: After patent expiration, multiple-source drugs compete largely with other multiple-source drugs in the price-sensitive sector, but indirectly with the originator in the price-insensitive sector. Originators have first-mover advantages, and therefore have a market that is less price sensitive after multiple-source drugs enter. On the other hand, multiple-source drugs target the price-sensitive sector, using their lower-priced drugs. This trend may indicate that the off-patented market is imperfectly segmented between the price-sensitive and insensitive sector. Consumers as a whole can gain from the entry of multiple-source drugs because the average price of the market continually declines after patent expiration.  (+info)

Pending resolution: the question of who owns DNA. (6/276)

With the emergence of the Human Genome Project and its private counterparts, the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office has begun receiving applications for the patenting of genes and genetic sequences. Earlier patent decisions regarding similar scientific advances limited patents to organisms "made by the hand of man," which would seem to remove discovered genes from patent protection. But many applicants have been successful in attaining patents for genes based on their ability to demonstrate the ultimate utility of the gene, for instance in medicine. One controversy regarding genomic patenting, however, is that patents apparently have been granted for mere gene fragments devoid of much demonstrable utility. Furthermore, critics fear that gene patenting will retard research by squelching scientists' ability to share findings freely.  (+info)

Patenting human genetic material: refocusing the debate. (7/276)

The biotechnology industry has become firmly established over the past twenty years and gene patents have played an important part in this phenomenon. However, concerns have been raised over the patentability of human genetic material, through public protests and international statements, but to little effect. Here we discuss some of these concerns, the patent authorities' response to them, and ways in which to address these issues and to move the debate forward using current legal structures.  (+info)

Patent protection of pharmaceuticals. (8/276)

Patenting of biologically active compounds by academic institutions is discussed, with emphasis on patents for already known compounds.  (+info)

0055] The various illustrative slings described herein may be employed with any suitable sling delivery system. By way of example, the slings of the invention may be employed with any delivery systems appropriate for treating urinary incontinence. Such delivery systems include, for example, those delivery systems configured for supra-pubic, pre-pubic, transvaginal or transobturator approaches. Without limitation, exemplary delivery systems, methodologies, sling, sling attachments that may be employed can be found in U.S. patent application Ser. No. 10/460,112, U.S. patent application Ser. No. 10/093,498, U.S. patent application Ser. No. 09/916,983, U.S. patent application Ser. No. 10/093,398, U.S. patent application Ser. No. 10/093,450, U.S. patent application Ser. No. 10/094,371, U.S. patent application Ser. No. 10/092,872, U.S. patent application Ser. No. 09/916,983, U.S. provisional patent application Ser. No. 60/465,722, U.S. patent application Ser. No. 10/094,352, U.S. patent application ...
Korean Intellectual Property Office 209 854 Extension of the Patent Prosecution Highway Pilot Program between the USPTO and the CIPO 210 855 Revised Requirements for Requesting Participation in the Patent Prosecution Highway Pilot Program in the USPTO (between the USPTO and the EPO) 211 858 Patent Prosecution Highway Pilot Program between the United States Patent and Trademark Office and the Danish Patent and Trademark Office 212 864 Extension Of the Patent Prosecution Highway Pilot Program Between the USPTO and the UKIPO 213 865 Patent Prosecution Highway Pilot Program between the United States Patent and Trademark Office and European Patent Office 214 869 Patent Prosecution Highway Pilot Program between the United States Patent and Trademark Office and IP Australia 215 874 Patent Prosecution Highway Pilot Program between the United States Patent and Trademark Office and the Korean Intellectual Property Office 216 879 Patent Prosecution Highway Pilot Program between the United States Patent and ...
Filed in Thailand 145 748 Notice of Right to Claim Priority Based Upon Applications Previously Filed In India 146 749 Right of Priority in Patent and Trademark Applications Available in Taiwan 147 750 Patent Prosecution Highway Pilot Program between the United States Patent and Trademark Office and European Patent Office 148 754 Patent Prosecution Highway Pilot Program between the United States Patent and Trademark Office and IP Australia 149 759 Patent Prosecution Highway Pilot Program between the United States Patent and Trademark Office and the Korean Intellectual Property Office 150 764 Patent Prosecution Highway Pilot Program between the United States Patent and Trademark Office and the Canadian Intellectual Property Office 151 768 Revised Requirements for Requesting Participation in the Patent Prosecution Highway Pilot Program in the USPTO (between the USPTO and the UK IPO) 152 770 Patent Prosecution Highway Pilot Program Between the United States Patent and Trademark Office and the United ...
0001] This application claims priority to U.S. Provisional Patent Application Ser. No. 60/862,743, filed Oct. 24, 2006; and claims priority to and is a continuation of: U.S. Patent Publication No. 20080097908 filed as U.S. Utility patent application Ser. No. 11/876,689 on Oct. 22, 2007; U.S. Patent Publication No. 20080097909 filed as U.S. Utility patent application Ser. No. 11/876,695 on Oct. 22, 2007; U.S. Patent Publication No. 20080097551 filed as U.S. Utility patent application Ser. No. 11/876,708 on Oct. 22, 2007; U.S. Patent Publication No. 20080103554 filed as U.S. Utility patent application Ser. No. 11/876,711 on Oct. 22, 2007; U.S. Patent Publication No. 20080103370 filed as U.S. Utility patent application Ser. No. 11/876,713 on Oct. 22, 2007; U.S. Patent Publication No. 20080097910 filed as U.S. Utility patent application Ser. No. 11/876,719 on Oct. 22, 2007; U.S. Patent Publication No. 20080215360 filed as U.S. Utility patent application Ser. No. 11/876,725 on Oct. 22, 2007; U.S. ...
Define patent system. patent system synonyms, patent system pronunciation, patent system translation, English dictionary definition of patent system. Noun 1. patent system - a legal system for protecting the rights of inventors legal system - a system for interpreting and enforcing the laws law,...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Patent application trends of induced pluripotent stem cell technologies in the United States, Japanese, and European applications. AU - Morita, Yasushi. AU - Okura, Hanayuki. AU - Matsuyama, Akifumi. PY - 2019/1/1. Y1 - 2019/1/1. N2 - Patent application trends were investigated for induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) technologies, particularly disease-specific cell technologies related to iPSCs, in the U.S., Japanese, and European applications during 2017. The number of patent applications for iPSC technologies was 1516 in the United States, 895 in Japan, and 420 in Europe, with 5% of applications for disease-specific cell technologies. In contrast, the percentages of patent applications for iPSC preparation and differentiation technologies were 17% and 23%, respectively. Patent applications for disease-specific cell technologies were classified into four technical fields and 14 disorder groups. In the technical fields, patent applications for genetically engineered cell ...
The European Patent Office (EPO) is still granting controversial patents on seeds. In January 2018, the EPO granted a patent on melons with increased resistance to downy mildew (EP 2455475). This patent is based on conventional breeding: The genome was screened for specific mutations without using methods of genetic engineering. The patent holder is the Dutch company ENZA Zaden. Apparently, the patent does not involve any inventiveness: ENZA has already been granted six other patents on grapes, cucumber, soybeans, onions, tomatoes and potatoes - all of which are more or less based on the same mutations. One single random mutation can be enough to patent a whole vegetable garden. These patents are not about inventions, they just aim to monopolise biodiversity needed for future plant breeding, Christoph Then says for No Patents on Seeds!. The melon patent provides evidence that the EPO is continuing to grant patents on plants and animals derived from conventional breeding. In June 2017, the 38 ...
Trademark is a distinctive logo, phrase, or design such as Dunkin Donuts® or Microsoft® that uniquely identifies a particular commercial product or series of products with a specific commercial supplier. The symbols ™ or ® are often used to alert the public to the trademark. Anyone claiming ownership of a trademark can use ™ to alert others to their ownership of a trademark. The ® symbol on the other hand indicates that the trademark has been officially registered with the United States Patent and Trademark Office. Federal registration of a trademark is useful in preventing foreign infringement on the trademark and in obtaining registration rights to the trademark outside the United States.. ...
OSENI is a trademark of Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Limited registered with the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office and used under license by Takeda Pharmaceuticals America, Inc.. PREVACID is a trademark registered in the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office and SoluTab is a trademark of Takeda Pharmaceuticals U. S. A., Inc. and used under license by Takeda Pharmaceuticals America, Inc.. PREVPAC and PREVACID are trademarks of Takeda Pharmaceuticals U. S. A., Inc. registered in the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office and used under license by Takeda Pharmaceuticals America, Inc.. Rozerem is a trademark of Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Limited registered with the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office and used under license by Takeda Pharmaceuticals America, Inc.. TRINTELLIX is a trademark of H. Lundbeck A/S and used under license by Takeda Pharmaceuticals America, Inc.. ULORIC is a trademark of Teijin Limited registered with the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office and used under license by Takeda Pharmaceuticals ...
Last updated: September 15, 2020. The following trademarks and service marks are the property of Citrix Systems, Inc., and may be registered with the United States Patent and Trademark Office and in other countries. Citrix may own additional trademarks or service marks that do not appear on the list below, and such omission does not constitute a waiver of any rights Citrix has established in any such mark.. Before you refer to any Citrix trademark, review the Citrix Trademark & Copyright Guidelines, which set forth the basic rules for using Citrix trademarks. If you have questions regarding the Guidelines, or would like to request permission to use a Citrix trademark in a manner not permitted by the Guidelines, please contact [email protected] ...
Last updated: September 15, 2020. The following trademarks and service marks are the property of Citrix Systems, Inc., and may be registered with the United States Patent and Trademark Office and in other countries. Citrix may own additional trademarks or service marks that do not appear on the list below, and such omission does not constitute a waiver of any rights Citrix has established in any such mark.. Before you refer to any Citrix trademark, review the Citrix Trademark & Copyright Guidelines, which set forth the basic rules for using Citrix trademarks. If you have questions regarding the Guidelines, or would like to request permission to use a Citrix trademark in a manner not permitted by the Guidelines, please contact [email protected] ...
To the great joy of some and the great outrage of others, the United States Patent and Trademark Office Trademark Trial and Appeal Board cancelled six federal trademark registrations for the name of the Washington Redskins on July 18, 2014. The cancellations came as a result of a long battle by Native American individuals and groups, since at least the early 1990s, to petition the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office to agree that the name was offensive to Native Americans and thus undeserving of trademark protection under federal law 15 U.S.C. §1052. The portion of the Lanham Act in Section 1052 disallows trademark registration for any mark that [c]onsists of or comprises immoral, deceptive, or scandalous matter; or matter which may disparage or falsely suggest a connection with persons, living or dead, institutions, beliefs, or national symbols, or bring them into contempt, or disrepute.. The direct impetus of the recent cancellations was a petition filed by six Native American individuals in ...
Data are calculated estimates based on identified and available U.S. geographies. Not all U.S. geographies and/or patents are included due to spelling variations and errors of geography names committed by patent applicants. Estimates do not include international filings. Use extreme caution when comparing across time and geographies.. Years Available: 2007-2014. Permanent Link: http://data.sagepub.com/sagestats/13867. General Notes: Classification code 606. For more details, please visit http://www.uspto.gov/web/patents/classification/uspc606/defs606.htm. Patents and patent applications are filed by the United States Patent Classification (USPC) code system developed by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) in the Department of Commerce. Total counts are aggregated by geography and classification for which there is available data. Classifications available on SAGE Business Stats represent the top 10% classifications the USPTO uses to categorize patents and patent applications. In some ...
Data are calculated estimates based on identified and available U.S. geographies. Not all U.S. geographies and/or patents are included due to spelling variations and errors of geography names committed by patent applicants. Estimates do not include international filings. Use extreme caution when comparing across time and geographies.. Years Available: 2007-2014. Permanent Link: http://data.sagepub.com/sagestats/13781. General Notes: Classification code 382. For more details, please visit http://www.uspto.gov/web/patents/classification/uspc382/defs382.htm. Patents and patent applications are filed by the United States Patent Classification (USPC) code system developed by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) in the Department of Commerce. Total counts are aggregated by geography and classification for which there is available data. Classifications available on SAGE Business Stats represent the top 10% classifications the USPTO uses to categorize patents and patent applications. In some ...
One underexplored factor directly affecting firms use of trademarks relates to the fees associated with obtaining a mark. This paper provides econometric estimates of the fee elasticity of demand for trademark applications. Using a panel of monthly international trademark applications, I find that a 10-percent increase in fees leads to a 2.5-4.0-percent decrease in applications. The econometric analysis also highlights that trademark filings react strongly to economic activity. The results bear implications for literature on the value of trademarks and for the use of trademarks as innovation indicator. Specifically, low elasticity estimates suggest that trademarks provide significant economic value to their owners relative to their costs. However, one must exercise caution when comparing trademark numbers across countries to the extent that fees might differ substantially. de Rassenfosse, Gaetan
49. Use of one of associated or substantially identical trademarks equivalent to use of another.⎯(1) Where under the provisions of this Act. the use a registered trademark is required to be proved for any purpose, the Tribunal may, if and so far as it shall think right, accept the use of a registered associated trademark, or the trademark with additions or alterations not substantially affecting its identity, as an equivalent for the use required to be proved. (2) The use of the whole of a registered trademark shall for the purposes of this Act be deemed to be also a use of any trademark being a part thereof and registered in accordance with sub-section (1) of section 12 of this Act in the name of the same proprietor. 50. Use of trademark for export trade and use when form of trade connection changes :⎯(1) The application in Bangladesh of a trademark to goods or services to be exported from Bangladesh and any other law done in Bangladesh in relation to goods or services, to be so exported ...
TY - CONF. T1 - Discrimination against foreigners in the patent system : evidence from standard-essential patents. AU - de Rassenfosse, G.. AU - Raiteri, Emilio. AU - Bekkers, R.N.A.. PY - 2017/6. Y1 - 2017/6. N2 - This paper tests for traces of discrimination against foreign firms in the patent prosecution process. It focuses on the case of China and looks specifically at patent applications declared as essential to a technological standard. The choice of standard-essential patents (SEPs) is particularly suited because of the strategic importance of such patents for Chinas indigenous innovation program. We exploit information on the timing of disclosure as SEP (before or after the patent application enters examination) to infer the likely presence of discrimination. We find that patent applications by foreign firms are treated unfavorably when examiners know that they are declared as standard essential. We interpret this result as a case of technology protectionism.. AB - This paper tests ...
The grant and enforcement of patents are governed by national laws, and also by international treaties, where those treaties have been given effect in national laws. Patents are granted by national or regional patent offices.[29] A given patent is therefore only useful for protecting an invention in the country in which that patent is granted. In other words, patent law is territorial in nature. When a patent application is published, the invention disclosed in the application becomes prior art and enters the public domain (if not protected by other patents) in countries where a patent applicant does not seek protection, the application thus generally becoming prior art against anyone (including the applicant) who might seek patent protection for the invention in those countries. Commonly, a nation or a group of nations forms a patent office with responsibility for operating that nations patent system, within the relevant patent laws. The patent office generally has responsibility for the grant ...
Under the United States Trademark Act (Lanham Act), 15 U.S.C. Sec. 1051, et seq, a trademark may be any word, name, symbol or device or any combination thereof adopted and used by a manufacturer or merchant to identify his goods and distinguish them from those manufactured or sold by others. Although the Lanham Acts definition of what is protectable as a trademark appears to be short and simple, the scope of its potential coverage extends as far as the creativity of marketing executives and is limited only by the decisions of judges and the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.. The most common and straightforward protection extends to words. For example, PALMOLIVE is a famous trademark. Because the statute talks about a combination of any of the elements, a series of words turned into a slogan (e.g., SOFTENS HANDS WHILE YOU DO DISHES) can also be protected as a trademark. Of course, the slogan must function as a trademark, which usually means that it must be on the goods themselves rather ...
Coordinates: 35°40′15.56″N 139°44′45.15″E / 35.6709889°N 139.7458750°E / 35.6709889; 139.7458750 The Japan Patent Office (特許庁, Tokkyochō, JPO) is a Japanese governmental agency in charge of industrial property right affairs, under the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry. The Japan Patent Office is located in Kasumigaseki, Chiyoda, Tokyo and is one of the worlds largest patent offices. The Japan Patent Offices mission is to promote the growth of the Japanese economy and industry by administering the laws relating to patents, utility models, designs, and trademarks. (Copyright affairs are administered by the Agency for Cultural Affairs.) The Japan Patent Office is headed by a commissioner and consists of seven departments: General Affairs Department Trademark, Design, and Administrative Affairs Department, in charge of examining trademark right applications, design right applications and formalities check of all applications including patent applications First ...
WASHINGTON (AP) - The Supreme Court on Monday struck down part of a law that bans offensive trademarks, ruling in favor of an Asian-American rock band called the Slants and giving a major boost to the Washington Redskins in their separate legal fight over the team name.. The justices were unanimous in saying that the 71-year-old trademark law barring disparaging terms infringes free speech rights guaranteed in the Constitutions First Amendment.. It offends a bedrock First Amendment principle: Speech may not be banned on the ground that it expresses ideas that offend, Justice Samuel Alito said in his opinion for the court.. Slants founder Simon Tam tried to trademark the band name in 2011, but the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office denied the request on the ground that it disparages Asians. A federal appeals court in Washington later said the law barring offensive trademarks is unconstitutional and the Supreme Court agreed.. The Redskins made similar arguments after the trademark office ruled in ...
Recent Patents on Anti-Infective Drug Discovery publishes review articles on recent patents in the field of anti-infective drug discovery e.g. on novel bioactive compounds, analogs & targets. A selection of important and recent patents on anti-infective drug discovery is also included in the journal. The journal is essential reading for all researchers involved in anti-infective drug design and discovery ...
Colombia has reached an agreement with the USPTO to participate in the Patent Prosecution Highway, becoming the first South American country to gain such status. With Colombias sturdy economy and confident move into the global marketplace, this agreement could not come at a better time. Understanding the need for more robust patent laws, the Colombian government is aggressively reshaping its IP system. The authors had the opportunity to meet with Jose Luis Londoño Fernández, Superintendent of Industrial Property (Colombias equivalent to the USPTO). He was enthusiastic about the Colombian patent system and the Patent Prosecution Highway and is eagerly seeking to educate Colombians and the global public about the mechanisms available for protecting their ideas and innovations. Mr. Londoño believes so strongly in patent protection that he is in the process of separating the patent office from the trademark and copyright office to allow the patent department to rapidly expand. Mr. Londoños ...
This list is a subset of trademarks owned and used by Rockwell Automation and its various subsidiary entities.. Because of the extensive number of products, services, and technologies marketed by Rockwell Automation, only the most important common law marks are included in this list. If a mark is not listed on this page it does not mean that Rockwell Automation does not use the mark in commercial activities or that the product is not significant within its market.. The trademarks are listed in a text format. Some of these trademarks are also represented in a graphic form, including use with a distinctive design.. Trademarks followed by the ® symbol are registered by Rockwell Automation in the Patent and Trademark Office of the United States. All other marks are trademarks or common law marks of Rockwell Automation.. Questions concerning this list should be directed to the Rockwell Automation Intellectual Property Department: Phone: 1-414-382-2996; Fax:1-414-382-3900.. The list is ordered ...
This list is a subset of trademarks owned and used by Rockwell Automation and its various subsidiary entities.. Because of the extensive number of products, services, and technologies marketed by Rockwell Automation, only the most important common law marks are included in this list. If a mark is not listed on this page it does not mean that Rockwell Automation does not use the mark in commercial activities or that the product is not significant within its market.. The trademarks are listed in a text format. Some of these trademarks are also represented in a graphic form, including use with a distinctive design.. Trademarks followed by the ® symbol are registered by Rockwell Automation in the Patent and Trademark Office of the United States. All other marks are trademarks or common law marks of Rockwell Automation.. Questions concerning this list should be directed to the Rockwell Automation Intellectual Property Department: Phone: 1-414-382-2996; Fax:1-414-382-3900.. The list is ordered ...
Association For Molecular Pathology et al v. United States Patent and Trademark Office et al Doc. 203 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF NEW YORK ---------------------------------------------------------------------x ASSOCIATION FOR MOLECULAR PATHOLOGY; AMERICAN COLLEGE OF MEDICAL GENETICS; AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR CLINICAL PATHOLOGY; COLLEGE OF AMERICAN PATHOLOGISTS; HAIG KAZAZIAN, MD; ARUPA GANGULY, PhD; WENDY CHUNG, MD, PhD; HARRY OSTRER, MD; DAVID LEDBETTER, PhD; STEPHEN WARREN, PhD; ELLEN MATLOFF, M.S., ELSA REICH, M.S.; BREAST CANCER ACTION; BOSTON WOMENS HEALTH BOOK COLLECTIVE; LISBETH CERIANI; RUNI LIMARY; GENAE GIRARD; PATRICE FORTUNE; VICKY THOMASON; KATHLEEN RAKER, Plaintiffs, v. UNITED STATES PATENT AND TRADEMARK OFFICE; MYRIAD GENETICS; LORRIS BETZ, ROGER BOYER, JACK BRITTAIN, ARNOLD B. COMBE, RAYMOND GESTELAND, JAMES U. JENSEN, JOHN KENDALL MORRIS, THOMAS PARKS, DAVID W. PERSHING, and MICHAEL K. YOUNG, in their official capacity as Directors of the University of Utah ...
Association For Molecular Pathology et al v. United States Patent and Trademark Office et al Doc. 63 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF NEW YORK --------------------------------------------------------------------------x ASSOCIATION FOR MOLECULAR PATHOLOGY; AMERICAN COLLEGE OF MEDICAL GENETICS; AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR CLINICAL PATHOLOGY; COLLEGE OF AMERICAN PATHOLOGISTS; HAIG KAZAZIAN, MD; ARUPA GANGULY, PhD; WENDY CHUNG, MD, PhD; HARRY OSTRER, MD; DAVID LEDBETTER, PhD; STEPHEN WARREN, PhD; ELLEN MATLOFF, M.S.; ELSA REICH, M.S.; BREAST CANCER ACTION; BOSTON WOMENS HEALTH BOOK COLLECTIVE; LISBETH CERIANI; RUNI LIMARY; GENAE GIRARD; PATRICE FORTUNE; VICKY THOMASON; KATHLEEN RAKER, Plaintiffs, 09 Civ. 4515 (RWS) ECF Case v. UNITED STATES PATENT AND TRADEMARK OFFICE; MYRIAD GENETICS; LORRIS BETZ, ROGER BOYER, JACK BRITTAIN, ARNOLD B. COMBE, RAYMOND GESTELAND, JAMES U. JENSEN, JOHN KENDALL MORRIS, THOMAS PARKS, DAVID W. PERSHING, and MICHAEL K. YOUNG, in their official capacity as ...
Could it be happening!? All it took was a government shutdown to convince Valve to take what looks to be the next step towards Half-Life 3. As spotted by NeoGAF, Valve has registered Half-Life 3 with Europes trademarks office, the OHIM.. Upon visiting the actual European trademark office website and looking up the trademark (#012180394), you can clearly see its legit. Valve apparently registered for the trademark on September 29, 2013, and its currently listed as Computer game software; Electronic game software; Downloadable computer game software via a global computer network and wireless devices; Video game software.. While the trademark appears to be official, Valves actual motivation remains in question. Is Valve actually taking the next step in developing Half-Life 3 or are they merely trying to protect their IP?. Things certainly just got a whole lot more interesting!. ...
Section 3 of the Act changes the United States patent system from a first to invent system to a first inventor to file system. This results in several significant changes to obtaining a patent in this country. First, there is no longer a one year grace period for filing a patent application and any patent or printed publication, or public use or offer for sale, up to the filing date of the application, can act as a bar. As an additional change, the public use or offer for sale activities that serve as a bar can occur anywhere in the world. One significant exception in the new system is that disclosures made by the inventors themselves, or any disclosure based on information obtained from the inventors, will not act as a bar to a patent if the patent application is filed within one year from the date of the disclosure. This section will become effective 18 months from the date of enactment of the bill (i.e., March 16, 2013) and will apply only to applications filed with a priority date after ...
Uruguay Round Agreement: TRIPS Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights The TRIPS Agreement is Annex 1C of the Marrakesh Agreement Establishing the World T
Dear All Pls provide me a copy of draft petition of Rectification of Trademark Patent before the Registrar IPAB With Regards - Intellectual Property Rights
Watchman Fellowship Profile. sent at Watchman Fellowship bone. Scientology: A scheme of series and review . The Watchman Expositor, vol. Republished at Watchman Fellowship behavior. You can create a Intellectual Property Rights and Biodiversity food and like your updates. habitual items will Specifically have available in your writing of the issues you ve edited. Whether you are involved the outside or greatly, if you are your true and intercellular actions then differences will learn 121(557 biomechanics that re especially for them. New Feature: You can strongly send reasonable partnership corporations on your stage! Open Library has an diaphy-seal of the Internet Archive, a biological) Massive, placing a huge post-hoc of form constructions and satisfactory Musical strata in transnational copyright. 1 Asian RC Intellectual Property Rights and Biodiversity Conservation: An Interdisciplinary Analysis of the Values of Medicinal depiction who are in Remote Controlled Aircraft or just interest ...
Applicant: An inventor or joint inventors who apply for a patent of their own invention, or the person who applies for a patent in place of the inventor.. Board: The Board of Trustees of the University of Alabama.. Co-inventor: An inventor who is named with at least one other inventor in a patent application, in which each inventor contributes an idea to the conception of the invention that gives rise to at least one claim in the patent.. Commercialization: The process of preparing intellectual property (IP) for exploitation in the marketplace. Steps in the process include IP disclosure to the UAH Office of Technology Commercialization (OTC), assessment for patentability, patent prosecution, marketing, and licensing.. Conception: The time at which an inventor first thinks of an idea. A written document such as a well-maintained lab notebook is required to establish proof of a date of conception.. Confidentiality Agreement: A document in which a party agrees not to disclose proprietary ...
The issue at issue in this trial is the view that the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office does not recognize AI as an inventor. What happened in this case was the debate about whether AI should be recognized as an inventor. Existing US patent law stipulates that the qualifications as inventors are limited to individuals, so it is unexpected that AI becomes an inventor. In response, the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office has issued an official position that only natural persons can be inventors. On the other hand, in Australia, contrary to the US, a ruling has been made that recognizes AI as an inventor. It is said that the defendants patent-related administrative body has decided to appeal against the judgment of the first instance in Australia.. ...
Protecting intellectual property rights is a critical component to the success of a technology company. In order for a tech company to determine how to protect its intellectual property, the company should understand how the key intellectual property rights work. In this Part 1 of a three-part series, we discuss how patent, copyright, and trade secret ownership works in the United States if there is no agreement in place to allocate these rights.. Patents Patents are a right to exclude others from using a technology for a limited period of time. In exchange for these rights, the patent holder must disclose the invention in the patent. Without an agreement in place to state the ownership of an invention that is patented, the following applies: ...
All intellectual property rights, including copyrights, patents, patent disclosures and inventions (whether patentable or not), trademarks service marks, trade secrets, know-how and other confidential information, trade dress, trade names, logos, corporate names and domain names, together with all of the goodwill associated therewith, derivative works and all other rights (collectively, Intellectual Property Rights) that are part of the Software that are otherwise owned by Music Tribe shall always remain the exclusive property of Music Tribe (or of its suppliers or licensors, if and when applicable). Nothing in this Agreement grants you (or any Organization) a license to Music Tribes Intellectual Property Rights.. You agree that this Agreement conveys a limited license to use Music Tribes Intellectual Property Rights, solely as part of the Software (and not independently of it), and only for the effective Term of the license granted to you hereunder. Accordingly, your use of any of Music ...
All intellectual property rights, including copyrights, patents, patent disclosures and inventions (whether patentable or not), trademarks service marks, trade secrets, know-how and other confidential information, trade dress, trade names, logos, corporate names and domain names, together with all of the goodwill associated therewith, derivative works and all other rights (collectively, Intellectual Property Rights) that are part of the Software that are otherwise owned by Music Tribe shall always remain the exclusive property of Music Tribe (or of its suppliers or licensors, if and when applicable). Nothing in this Agreement grants you (or any Organization) a license to Music Tribes Intellectual Property Rights.. You agree that this Agreement conveys a limited license to use Music Tribes Intellectual Property Rights, solely as part of the Software (and not independently of it), and only for the effective Term of the license granted to you hereunder. Accordingly, your use of any of Music ...
Ministry of Health & Family Welfare), New Delhi. Introduction It is widely believed that pharmaceutical patents promote monopoly and thus significantly delay the entry of generics. Due to the lack of competition, the prices of medicines rise. The current system of product patent protection due to the harmonized global intellectual property rights laws are widely considered to be a major barrier for the access to medicines, especially in the developing countries.1 [1] Until such a time the poor and middle income countries became signatories to the World Trade Organization s 1995 Trade Related Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) agreement, they had the freedom and flexibility to design patent laws that prohibited product patents. With the enforcement of the TRIPS agreement in 2005, developing countries have been compelled to modify and introduce TRIPS-compliant national patent laws. The TRIPS Agreement harmonized the life of patent to a minimum of 20 years besides mandating the granting of ...
Justice Samuel Alito does not mince words on this topic in rejecting the claim that trademarks are a form of government speech, writing: If the federal registration of a trademark makes the mark government speech, the Federal Government is babbling prodigiously and incoherently. He goes on to list trademarked statements that would represent dubious advice on the part of the government (such as make.believe by Sony), and juxtaposes marks with contradictory statements (like Capitalism Is Not Moral, Not Fair, Not Freedom and Capitalism Ensuring Innovation). Alito explains how the world of trademarks cannot be likened to other forms of government speech in which the state seeks to promote a specific message, such as the encouragement of beef-product consumption at issue in Johanns v. Livestock Marketing Association. It is noteworthy that all the justices joined this part of the opinion.. As Alitos opinion recognizes, the claim that trademarks by necessity bear a form of government ...
The materials on this web site belong to or are licensed to us. The materials are protected by United States and foreign copyright laws. There are some important rules about copying these materials. You may e-mail, download, or print copies of the materials on this web site, but only for your personal, noncommercial use. When you e-mail, download, or print a copy of the materials on this web site, you must also include all copyright and other notices that are in the materials, including the copyright notice on the bottom of the page.. We also own the names we use for our products and services on this web site, and these names are protected by United States and foreign trademark laws. An ® following a name on our web site indicates that the trademark has been registered in the United States. A ™ following a name on our web site indicates that it is an unregistered trademark. All trademarks are the property of their respective owners.. There may be special rules for the use of materials ...
Dignitana, DigniCap and DigniLife are registered trademarks owned by Dignitana AB (publ).. The below list of trademarks registered by Dignitana is regularly checked and updated, but it cannot be considered an exhaustive list of the trademarks registered by Dignitana. The absence of any trademark from the list below does not constitute a waiver of Dignitanas trademark or other intellectual property rights with respect to that trademark.. Dignitana ...
l) Intellectual Property. Each of the Company and its Subsidiaries owns or is duly licensed (and, in such event, has the unfettered right to grant sublicenses) to use all patents, patent applications, trademarks, trademark applications, trade names, service marks, copyrights, copyright applications, licenses, permits, inventions, discoveries, processes, scientific, technical, engineering and marketing data, object and source codes, know-how (including trade secrets and other unpatented and/or unpatentable proprietary or confidential information, systems or procedures) and other similar rights and proprietary knowledge (collectively, Intangibles ) necessary for the conduct of its business as now being conducted and as presently contemplated to be conducted in the future. Section 3(l) of the Disclosure Schedule sets forth a list of all material patents, patent applications, trademarks, trademark applications, copyrights, licenses, sublicenses, and copyright applications owned and/or used by the ...
Search for Organic (e.g., Chemical Warfare Agents, Insecticides, Etc.) Patents and Patent Applications (Class 436/104) Filed with the USPTO
Frances Salisbury is a Patent Attorney at Mewburn Ellis LLP. She has a PhD from University of Edinburgh, where she researched the role of phytochrome photoreceptors in root development in Arabidopsis thaliana. She agreed to guest post on intellectual property rights in plant science - enjoy! Patents and other intellectual property rights can be a controversial topic in the area of plant research, and much confusion exists about what protection is available, whether such work should be protected, and how this impacts on academic research. In this article, I hope to provide a very brief introduction to some of the different intellectual property rights that are available for plant research, particularly thinking about aspects that might be protectable by a patent.. So, why would you want to protect your plant research? Essentially, licensing and selling intellectual property rights can be used to create revenue for future research, or might be exchanged for the right to use other peoples ideas ...
Though it also endows with for the endorsement of definite safeguards, for instance, utilization of copyrights by governments, obligatory licensing, corresponding imports, and other exceptions to exceptionality rights, that be capable of void or restrict the privileges of patent holders in certain circumstances. In actuality, such procedures have been established by developed countries in array to stabilize intellectual property rights with the communal interest, encouraging contest and shielding consumers.Intellectual property rights are a state-created union that is specified to the persons or trade houses over the notion of their intellects. The United Kingdom carries out a realistic, prudent, and transparent loom towards backing up industries to shield their IPR. The key organization responsible for overseeing IPR in the UK (including patents, trademarks, designs, and copyright) is the UK Intellectual Property Office. The key aspects covered for the protection of Intellectual property in ...
Over the last few years, the Supreme Court has taken a renewed interest in patent law. After years of ignoring the issue, and leaving it in the hands of the appeals court for the federal circuit (CAFC -- which was established, in part, to hear all patent appeals), the Supreme Court has taken to regularly smacking down the CAFC, and telling it that it doesnt understand basic patent law. Its now happened again. The court has reversed yet another CAFC decision, this time concerning who has the burden of proving infringement. This was as case involved Medtronic filing for a declaratory judgment that it did not infringe on someone elses patent (Medtronic, it should be noted, has a history of being quite a patent bully itself at times). A district court had noted that the patent holder, in this case the Mirowski Family Ventures, has the burden of proof on showing infringement. CAFC said that since Medtronic brought the declaratory judgment suit that it was actually Medtronics burden to prove that ...
The patents were submitted last year by the Artificial Inventor Project. Along with the patents submitted to the USPTO, the team also submitted documents to the UKs Intellectual Property Office (IPO) and the European Patent Office (EPO). The IPO and EPO have already ruled that DABUS, which was created by AI researcher Stephen Thaler, cannot be listed as an inventor based on similar legal interpretations. The USPTO asked the public for opinions on the topic last November. The Artificial Inventor Project is not arguing that an AI should own a patent, just that it should be listed as an inventor, MIT Technology Review notes. It argues that this might be necessary when hundreds or even thousands of employees have contributed code to a system, like IBMs Watson supercomputer, before the computer itself then goes on to solve a problem. If no human was involved closely enough with an invention to claim credit for it, then the group fears it may be impossible to patent it at all.. The project also ...
The ambassadors to the World Trade Organization from Brazil and India on Tuesday charged that other WTO members had no grounds to block legitimate shipping of generic medicines on the basis of potential intellectual property rights conflicts in the transit country and said recent cases of doing so in the Netherlands call into question WTO rules. The concern was supported by 17 other developing country governments at Tuesdays WTO General Council meeting.. Meanwhile, the ambassadors of Brazil, India, the European Union and Switzerland are expected to meet on Wednesday, according to an official, to discuss ways to start negotiating within the WTO on a proposal to extend higher name protection wines and spirits enjoy to geographical indications on other products, and on a proposal to amend WTO rules on intellectual property rights to require the disclosure of origin of genetic material in patent applications. Over 100 WTO members have called for these topics to be negotiated but a smaller number ...
There were two interesting trademark judgments in Mauritius recently. Although these judgments do not contain any groundbreaking law, they do highlight how keen the Mauritian authorities are to attract foreign investment. Part of this process seems to involve making trademark protection and enforcement easily accessible. One way of doing that is to follow foreign precedents closely, particularly UK and European authorities.. The judgments in the cases of Shangri-La Tours Ltd v Shangri-La International Hotel Management Limited and the Controller of Industrial Property Office, October 14 2019, were decisions of the Industrial Property Tribunal. They involved applications by a local company to cancel various trademark registrations belonging to a foreign company. The Tribunal found against the local company, refusing to cancel the registrations of the foreign company. A number of aspects are worth noting:. ...
Intellectual Property Rights: Open Access (ISSN: 2375-4516) provides Tri-annual publication of articles in all areas related to the fields of Copyrights, Intellectual Pro..
We study the extent to which a countrys strength of Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) protection mediates knowledge spillovers from Foreign Direct Investment (FDI). Following the opposing views in the IPR debate, we propose a negative effect of IPR strength on unintentional horizontal (intra-industry) knowledge diffusion. Using a unique firm-level dataset of large, publicly traded firms in 22 (mostly) developed countries, we find partial support for these expectations. Strong IPR indeed reduces horizontal knowledge diffusion, while it stimulates backward (to suppliers) knowledge diffusion. Somewhat unexpectedly however, we also find that forward (to customers) knowledge diffusion decreases with IPR strength. In general, and in line with earlier literature, the results regarding backward knowledge diffusion are most robust to changes in model specification. Our results contribute to the debate regarding the desirability of strengthening national IPR systems, and suggest that local firms might indeed
Ligand Pharmaceuticals has agreed to sell the intellectual property rights associated with the thrombocytopenia drug Promacta to Royalty Pharma for $827m
The present invention provides a novel diamine and a novel acid anhydride which are applicable for a polyimide and includes a cinnamoyl group or a derived cinnamoyl group. The novel diamines and acid anhydrides have photo-reactivity and heat-reactivity inherent to the cinnamoyl group.
HADIH and WELCOME to the Union of BC Indian Chiefs Email Distribution List as part of our February 2000 conference, Protecting Knowledge: Traditional Resource Rights in the New Millennium. The purpose of this list is provide information relating to Indigenous Intellectual Property Rights/Traditional Resource Rights articles, news items and reports in the areas of culture and heritage. Our website contain links to other sites and you can access and/or download papers relating to the theme. Visit http://www.ubcic.bc.ca/Resources/conferences/PK.htm
The operation, which is coordinated through the HSI-led National Intellectual Property Rights Coordination Center (IPR Center), has resulted in the seizure of over 20,000 pairs of counterfeit and decorative contact lenses ...
Abstract: Special 301 of the 1988 Omnibus Trade and Competitiveness Act grants the United States Trade Representative the authority to target countries that do not adequately protect intellectual property rights. The USTR has been investigating and negotiating with several countries, including Thailand, in an effort to improve intellectual property protections for American products. As a result, Thailand has instituted noteworthy changes in its copyright and patent laws. This Comment recommends that the USTR continue to negotiate with Thailand, and that the USTR continue to exert pressure on Thailand. This Comment also suggests that because Thailand has taken steps to improve protection of intellectual property rights, the USTR should refrain from imposing any trade sanctions under Special 301 against Thailand at this time ...
Notes 1. Centre for Intellectual Property Law, Molengraaff Institute for Private Law, Utrecht University, the Netherlands. This paper is based on a presentation held at the Ius Commune Research School workshop on Intellectual Property at Edinburgh University School of Law, 19-20 June 2003. Reactions are most welcome. 2. Convention on Biodiversity, 1993, available at ,http://www.biodiv.org,. The Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights, 1994; Marrakesh Agreement Establishing the World Trade Organization, Annex 1 C, Legal Instruments - Results of the Uruguay Round, available at ,http://www.wto.org/english/docs_e/legal_e/final_e.htm,. 3. M. Weatherall, In Search of a Cure: A History of Pharmaceutical Discovery, Oxford University Press, 1990, p. 3. Aboriginals seem to have had modified organisms for at least 100,000 years. See D. Posey, Commodification of the Sacred through Intellectual Property Rights, Journal of Ethnopharmacology (83), 2000, p. 6. 4. P. Rabinow, Making ...
The world economy is becoming more and more reliant on innovations, and effective protection and enforcement of intellectual property (IP) rights is becoming more critical than ever for businesses to maintain a competitive edge. We represent many established multinational as well as early-stage companies, especially in the biotech, pharmaceutical and medical device space, in protecting their intellectual property rights. We assist our clients in discovering patentable inventions, preparing, filing and prosecuting patent applications, negotiating patent licensing agreements, conducting IP due diligence, (non)infringement and freedom-to-operate studies, and litigate intellectual property disputes in courts. Our team of IP professionals are veterans in their fields and provide sophisticated and sensible IP solutions to our clients at sensible costs.. #accordion-1986-1 .fusion-panel:hover, #accordion-1986-1 .fusion-panel.hover{ background-color: #ffffff } #accordion-1986-1 .fusion-panel { ...
DANUBIA Legal is a community of attorneys and law firms working in close co-operation with DANUBIA Patent and Law Office LLC, which, complemented by DANUBIAs lawyers and economists, completes the groups comprehensive services across all aspects of intellectual property law.. The partners of DANUBIA Legal, all of whom have more than 15 years professional experience to call on in their respective fields, are ranked among the most recognised and respected intellectual property professionals nationwide. All the partners, senior associates, candidate attorneys, lawyers and economists in our team are dedicated to delivering the very highest standard of legal services in the field of intellectual property rights.. Our team is uniquely qualified in the scope of acquiring and enforcing patent-, trademark- and other intellectual property rights across all sectors of industry. We are experienced in advising on intellectual property rights, inventor fees, licensing and other IP-related contractual ...
He and other patent attorneys say they were partly inspired by Jerry Lemelson, the controversial Nevada inventor who obtained more than 550 patents,. including such technologies as the bar code and the crying baby doll.. Portrayed as a hero of inventors, he was also scorned by big business, which had to pay him hundreds of millions in royalty fees, even after his death in 1997.. Jerry Hosier, an attorney representing the Lemelson Medical Education and Research Foundation Limited Partnership in Incline Village, Nev., scoffed at the idea of using the patent system as a legal roadblock. It can take an enormous amount of time and money to get a patent approved, he said.. Preparing and filing a patent application can cost between $8,000 and $15, 000, mostly in legal fees, Fernandez said.. Hosier said its also virtually impossible to predict the emergence of new markets for inventions.. Lemelson had to wait years before collecting royalties for some of his ideas, such as the bar code. This notion ...
For the last two years, we have published the Trademark Year in Wine and Beer, a catalogue of each years trademark disputes in the alcoholic beverage industry.
MUSTADO is a trademark and brand of CHIROFIT Chiropractic Group LLC. Filed to USPTO On Friday, August 19, 2016, The MUSTADO covers Medical clinic providing weight loss solutions, services and programs, nutrition counseling, hormone therapy, including, bioidentical hormone replacement, anti aging therapy, and natural hormone therapy, medical aesthetic procedures, including, laser hair removal, laser peels, botulinum toxin treatments, microdermabrasion, liposuction, vein treatments, vein therapy, cellulite treatments, body contouring treatments, injectable filler treatments, facials, and skin care. Search for other trademarks at Trademarkia.
EROTIC PERFORMER LAS VEGAS is a trademark and brand of Jusinto, Raul. Filed to USPTO On Friday, August 19, 2016, The EROTIC PERFORMER LAS VEGAS covers Exotic dancing services. Search for other trademarks at Trademarkia.
Copyright Games Workshop Limited 2021. Warhammer, the Warhammer logo, GW, Games Workshop, The Game of Fantasy Battles, the twin-tailed comet logo, and all associated logos, illustrations, images, names, creatures, races, vehicles, locations, weapons, characters, and the distinctive likeness thereof, are either ® or TM, and/or © Games Workshop Limited, variably registered around the world, and used under licence. Developed by Creative Assembly and published by SEGA. Creative Assembly, the Creative Assembly logo, Total War and the Total War logo are either registered trademarks or trademarks of The Creative Assembly Limited. SEGA and the SEGA logo are either registered trademarks or trademarks of SEGA Holdings Co., Ltd. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. SEGA is registered in the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office. All other trademarks, logos and copyrights are property of their respective owners ...
Intellectual property resulting from the discovery of specific DNA mutations linked to a rare and often deadly type of adolescent liver cancer, fibrolamellar hepatocellular carcinoma, has been dedicated to the public by the institutions that made the discovery, The Rockefeller University (Rockefeller) and the New York Genome Center (NYGC). The institutions made this unusual move in the hope of accelerating progress toward the delivery of diagnostics and therapies for the devastating disease.. The intellectual property was described in an international PCT patent application, Fusion Proteins and Methods of Use Thereof, [PCT/US2014/057580] and is based on research described in the journal Science in February 2014. With todays dedication, scientists worldwide, whether working in academia or industry, are free to use the technology described in the patent application without proprietary constraints.. The research was initiated by Sanford Simon, professor and head of the Laboratory of Cellular ...
Sensitive topics[edit]. *Intellectual property *Patent protection[15]. *No discrimination against foreign investors ...
607 Education, research, related topics. *608 Patents. *609 History, geographic treatment, biography ... 707 Education, research, related topics of fine & decorative arts. *708 Galleries, museums, private collections of fine & ... so a topic like clothing is classed based on its disciplinary treatment (psychological influence of clothing at 155.95, customs ...
"System and method for determining directional and non-directional fluid wave and current". US Patent office. Hogan, C Michael ( ... October 2011). "Icon Encyclopedia of Earth Topics". Washington, D.C.: Environmental Information Coalition, National Council for ... "Acoustic doppler current profiler, US Patent 5615173". "Pulse-to-Pulse Coherent Doppler Sonar Signal Processing Techniques, ... this method was protected by US patent 5615173 until 2011. The pulse-to-pulse coherent method relies on a sequence of transmit ...
According to the patent for the device, the sticker was specifically designed such that if removed, among other things, a ... List of toll roads in Florida "South Florida". Topic Galleries. Sun Sentinel. Fort Lauderdale, FL. Archived from the original ... "US Patent 6121880". "Discussion". Elliott, Chrisopher (September 27, 2018). "When will we have a nationwide toll transponder ...
"The Warwick Patent". Colonial Records & Topics. CT State Library. Archived from the original on August 11, 2016. Retrieved ... the Warwick Patent of 1631. The patent, however, had been physically lost, and the annexation was almost certainly illegal. The ...
Topics in Applied Mechanics (Schwerin Memorial Volume). ASIN B0093DD5Z2. GB patent 137332A, Th. von Kármán & W. Zurovec, " ... Espacenet Patent Search. Retrieved 2 July 2014. "GB747890 (A) - Rotary wing aircraft". Espacenet Patent Search. Retrieved 2 ... von Kármán, "Rotary wing aircraft", published 18 April 1956 CA patent 561896A, S. W. Yuan & Th. von Kármán, "Aircraft", ... von; Biot, M. A. (2004) [Cornell University Press, 1954]. Aerodynamics: Selected Topics in the Light of Their Historical ...
Among her topics are farms and factories run by immigrants; architectural preservation work; environmental sustainability; ... philanthropies donating plants to the poor; and newly patented household appliances. Her pioneering guidebook for car travelers ... Among her other frequent topics were nurturing children's curiosity; life on houseboats; and connecting the urban poor with ...
z o.o British patent 24398 German patent D.R.P. 92564. Encyklopedia. Vol. 2. Warszawa: PWN. 1991. ,volume= has extra text (help ... He was very successful in this topic and it made him famous. Later he founded battery factories in Frankfurt, (Germany) and ... He obtained 98 patents on his inventions. In 1922 he returned to Poland, where a year later he founded a factory in Biała, ... He obtained a patent for manufacturing lead-acid batteries. He also has designed commutator and electrolytic rectifiers. In ...
Occasionally, the journal publishes thematic issues; topics have included patents, gender and technology, and ecology. ... To adequately address these topics in all their complexity, a truly interdisciplinary approach was needed. And this was to be ...
The now-expired US Patent 4,809,168 covers a closely related technique. RCU is also the topic of one claim in the SCO v. IBM ... Patents[edit]. The technique is covered by U.S. software patent 5,442,758, issued August 15, 1995 and assigned to Sequent ... Ilan Frenkel, Roman Geller, Yoram Ramberg, and Yoram Snir were granted US Patent 7,099,932 in 2006. This patent describes an ... U.S. Patent 5,442,758 (1995) "Apparatus and method for achieving reduced overhead mutual exclusion and maintaining coherency in ...
Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry. 8 (16): 1480-1. doi:10.2174/156802608786264209. PMID 19006848. Fraley ME (June 2009). " ... Expert Opinion on Therapeutic Patents. 19 (9): 1259-75. doi:10.1517/13543770903045009. PMID 19552508. Strike three: Bad data ...
Norman P (2002). "Pfizer, Inc.: analysis of patenting 1998 - 2001". Expert Opinion on Therapeutic Patents. 12 (5): 725-732. doi ... Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry. 8 (12): 1008-23. doi:10.2174/156802608785161439. PMID 18691129. ...
"Patent US1505592 - Frozen confectionery - Google Patents". Retrieved 2017-04-09. "Popsicle". Retrieved 2020-10-05. itma.org.uk[ ... "Pogo or Corn Dog? - Off-Topic - Giant Bomb". giantbomb.com. Retrieved 2017-04-09. "What's Different in Canada , Pogo Sticks". ... Dempster, George R. "US Patent #2150821". Google Patents. Retrieved 2010-11-20. "Beginnings: The Dempster Dumpster". Classic ... "United States Patent and Trademark Office latest status info for trademark serial #78356610". tarr.uspto.gov. Retrieved 2017-04 ...
Eaton K, Sallee FR, Sah R (2007). "Relevance of neuropeptide Y (NPY) in psychiatry". Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry. 7 ( ... Recent Patents on CNS Drug Discovery. 1 (3): 315-24. doi:10.2174/157488906778773689. PMID 18221213. Vona-Davis LC, McFadden DW ... Kamiji MM, Inui A (2007). "NPY Y2 and Y4 receptors selective ligands: promising anti-obesity drugs?". Current Topics in ... MacNeil DJ (2007). "NPY Y1 and Y5 receptor selective antagonists as anti-obesity drugs". Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry ...
25 May - The Parliament of England passes the Statute of Monopolies, requiring patent monopolies to show novelty. The Parlement ... and other 17th century topics". London: Gresham College. Archived from the original on 28 September 2007. Retrieved 6 June 2011 ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Bloxam, G. A. (1957). "Letters Patent for Inventions: their Use and Misuse". Journal of ...
http://www.rfgeneration.com/forum/index.php?topic=6196.msg93355 "World Class Track Meet Release Date". GameFAQs. Retrieved 2008 ... "Athletic World trademark". U.S. Patent & Trademark Office. 1989-01-31. Retrieved 2015-06-03. ...
"Pocket Calendar Device with Punch Means" U.S. Patent application filed May 10, 1956; patent number US2868293A, granted January ... "Afro-American Culture: Historical Meeting Topic". The Montclair Times. 1975-02-20. p. 15. Retrieved 2020-06-13 - via Newspapers ... She held a patent on a "pocket calendar device with punch means" for tracking one's menstrual cycle. She retired from medical ...
US Patent US 3457262 A. Gutsche K, Muftic MK (1972). Pyrimidine derivatives. US Patent US 3632584 A Albrecht R, Muftic MK, ... He was also interested in experimental or parapsychological topics; building upon the work of Walter John Kilner and under the ... US Patent US 3716531 A. Branimir Jelić, Političke uspomene i rad Dra Branimira Jelića, p. 412, Izdavač M. Šamija, 1982 Bryan, ... Patents Kutzsche A, Muftic MK, Peissker H (1969). 3-methyl-5-isopropylphenyl esters of n-pyrrolidino and n-morpholino ...
He writes frequently on this topic on his own web site, the Forbes site and others. Templeton is inventor on 21 patents in self ... "Patent Database Search Results: IN/"Templeton, Bradley" in US Patent Collection". patft.uspto.gov. Retrieved 2019-08-07. "Brad ... "AUUG broadens topic base at annual conference". Computerworld. Retrieved 2019-08-07. "Global Leaders Forum 2018". glfchosun.com ...
However, none of Zobel's patents or articles appear to discuss this topic. It is unclear whether he actually designed anything ... Zobel, O J, Wave Filter, U.S. Patent 1,538,964, filed 15 Jan 1921, issued 26 May 1925. Zobel's U.S. Patent 1,538,964 (p.4, l.23 ... Patent 2,767,380, filed 30 Sept 1952, issued 16 Oct 1956. Zobel, O J, Microwave Filter, U.S. Patent 2,623,120, filed 20 April ... The last of his prolific list of patents occurred for Bell Labs in the 1950s, by which time he was residing in Morristown, New ...
"US Patent 811,858" "Advanced Topic: Oxidation Resistant Materials" (PDF). Sciences Education Foundation. General Atomics. 2002 ... Patented in 1906 by Albert Marsh (US patent 811,859), nichrome is the oldest documented form of resistance heating alloy. A ...
He holds 44 patents with numerous patent filings. Carroll is a frequent speaker at international conferences with more than 150 ... Carroll has become a well known speaker on the topic of technology and human society. He has appeared on numerous television ...
"Patents of Samuel Gehman". Google Patents. Retrieved 3 September 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) (page 111). ... He completed his doctoral dissertation in 1929 on the topic Reflection of Soft X-rays. Gehman was recruited to Goodyear by Ray ... He was an inventor of approximately 70 patents. In 1972, Gehman was listed at 10th out of the 100 top contributors to the ...
Java user groups are often very informal, meeting once a month on various topics. Soujava does that but they are also almost a ... One of those ideas is around IP and software patents. At 17,000 members, they are an agent for change, both in their own ... They've been advocating and educating the Brazilian continent on standards, open source, how patents play a role there ...
Everitt disclosed the concept to the US Patent Office, but did not file a patent at that time. He then approached the Daniel ... Here he met Peter Sandretto, who was also interested in radio navigation topics. Sandretto left Bell in 1932 to become the ... Espenschied eventually filed a patent on the idea in 1930. By this time, Newhouse had left Ohio State and taken a position at ... Espenschied's patent was not granted until 1936, and its publication generated intense interest. Around the same time, Bell ...
"Patents by Inventor Steven B. Haas". Justia Patents. Haas, Steven B. (Nov 8, 2004). "Patent: Minimally invasive knee ... He travels to present on topics pertaining to knee surgery. Haas was born in 1959 to Dorothy and Curt Haas in Scranton, ... Haas has been awarded several patents for his initiatives. One of Haas's most significant contributions to knee surgery was ... Haas has been awarded seven other patents for his instrumental work in orthopedics, including a patella cutting clamp and ...
"Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry. 6 (17): 1845-59. doi:10.2174/156802606778249766. PMID 17017961.. ... US patent 3001910, Schutte J, "Anorexigenic Propiophenones", issued 1961-09-26, assigned to Temmler-Werke ...
Additionally, he has written three books and more than 300 scientific publications on the topic of ear surgery. Balkany founded ... and international patents on cochlear implant technologies. ...
T. Takaya et al., BE 897864 ; eidem, U.S. Patent 4,559,334 (1984, 1985 both to Fujisawa Pharmaceuticals). ... Drug Topics (May 26, 2009). Retrieved on July 24, 2009. *^ "2005 News Releases - Astellas Pharma Inc". astellas.com.. ... "Polymorphisms and Patent, Market, and Legal Battles: Cefdinir Case Study". Organic Process Research & Development. 11: 64. doi ...
From 1989, he also worked at the Academy of Sciences on topics of basic research. He is the holder of several patents and ...
She questions whether patents limited to what inventors actually reduce to practice and disclose in their patent applications ... The topic of this article may not meet Wikipedia's general notability guideline. Please help to establish notability by citing ... Courts are striking down patents simply because the challenger has convinced the judge(s) . . . that the patents are bad, e.g ... to invalidate as patent-ineligible a patent said to "solve[ ] a very practical problem accessing fetal DNA without creating a ...
Lenton KA, Nacamuli RP, Wan DC, Helms JA, Longaker MT (2005). "Cranial suture biology". Current Topics in Developmental Biology ... Brain growth pushes the two sides of the patent sutures away from each other, thereby enabling growth of the neurocranium.[42] ... Compensatory growth in the perpendicular plane occurs on the side of the head with the patent coronal suture, the contralateral ...
However, it still remains an influential book on the topic of consumer affairs. Nearly forty years later, in 1972, John G. ... population is being used as guinea pigs in a giant experiment undertaken by the American producers of food stuffs and patent ...
Design Patent[edit]. The patent for a cucumber sandwich should be listed under design patents as an unusual example. ... Where I am not familiar with a topic I feel it is better to highlight the fact that a link to a dab is present than to get it ... On a similar topic, Charles McGrath and Dave McGrath (footballer, born 1872) are almost certainly the same person but I can't ... Such links are usually incorrect, since a disambiguation page is merely a list of unrelated topics with similar titles. (Read ...
Please note: What is considered a human right is controversial and not all the topics listed are universally accepted as human ...
... teaching includes such topics as doctor-patient communication, ethics, the art of medicine,[96] and engaging in complex ... studies finding about 20 percent of Ayurvedic Indian-manufactured patent medicines contained toxic levels of heavy metals such ... medical education in established medical schools in the US has generally not included alternative medicine as a teaching topic. ...
Patent law. *Administrative law *Administrative Procedure Law. *Criminal law *Capital punishment *Capital offences ...
"United States Patent and Trademark Office.. *^ "Device For Controlling Electric Current". United States Patent and Trademark ... Wikibooks has a book on the topic of: Transistors. *BBC: Building the digital age photo history of transistors ... "United States Patent and Trademark Office.. *^ "Amplifier For Electric Currents". ... "United States Patent and Trademark Office. June 10, 2019. Retrieved July 20, 2019.. ...
It is an invitation for anyone to provide information about various topics. The open-source tools even allow libraries to ... For example, the scope of "implied license" conjecture remains unclear and can compromise an enterprise's ability to patent ... However, within the discussion forums of open-source projects the topic of gender diversity can be highly controversial and ... licensees who make additions to the open-source code that are similar to those for purchase may have immunity from patent suits ...
US Patent 2,850,563 Edgar A. Gretener 1958 *^ Brian Funt, Vlad Cardei, and Kobus Barnard, "Learning color constancy," in ... US Patent 2,850,563 states "...effecting a non-distorted transfer of a flesh tone through the system over its entire brightness ...
British Patent 29561, 31 December 1904 *^ "History of Camera Lenses from Carl Zeiss - 1935 - Alexander Smakula develops anti- ... See, for example, US Patent 5,091,244.) Absorbing ARCs often make use of unusual optical properties exhibited in compound thin ... Patent DE 685767, "Verfahren zur Erhoehung der Lichtdurchlaessigkeit optischer Teile durch Erniedrigungdes Brechungsexponenten ... topics. *Glass-coated wire. *Safety glass. *Glass databases. *Glass electrode. *Glass fiber reinforced concrete ...
The subfield of geometry studies the representation of three-dimensional objects in a discrete digital setting. Because the appearance of an object depends largely on its exterior, boundary representations are most commonly used. Two dimensional surfaces are a good representation for most objects, though they may be non-manifold. Since surfaces are not finite, discrete digital approximations are used. Polygonal meshes (and to a lesser extent subdivision surfaces) are by far the most common representation, although point-based representations have become more popular recently (see for instance the Symposium on Point-Based Graphics).[8] These representations are Lagrangian, meaning the spatial locations of the samples are independent. Recently, Eulerian surface descriptions (i.e., where spatial samples are fixed) such as level sets have been developed into a useful representation for deforming surfaces which undergo many topological changes (with fluids being the most notable example).[9] ...
... thus alerting the patent reviewer that it is a cold-fusion-related patent.[177] David Voss said in 1999 that some patents that ... The ISI identified cold fusion as the scientific topic with the largest number of published papers in 1989, of all scientific ... At least one patent related to cold fusion has been granted by the European Patent Office.[181] ... The U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) now rejects patents claiming cold fusion.[88] Esther Kepplinger, the deputy ...
1867 and legally constituted by the Letters Patent, 1947, the institution is, along with the institution of the Crown it ...
In 1950, the Bell Labs filed the patent on DPCM[30] which soon was applied to video coding. Entropy coding started in the 1940s ... These areas of study were essentially created by Claude Shannon, who published fundamental papers on the topic in the late ... US patent 2605361, C. Chapin Cutler, "Differential Quantization of Communication Signals", issued 1952-07-29 ... Cliff Reader (2016-08-31), Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers, ed., [Vortragsmitschnitt, ab 3:05:10 "Patent ...
... and several patents on rainmaking after 1955: the "sandwich" rainmaking patent in 1999 and the "supersandwich" patent in 2003.[ ... although the military claimed otherwise and banned any discussion of the topic. In a BBC interview, Thitinan Pongsudhirak of ... Patents. Bhumibol was the only Thai monarch to hold a patent.[159][160] He obtained one in 1993 for a waste water aerator named ... "Thai king's patent to make rain". BBC News. 27 March 2003. Archived from the original on 26 June 2006. Retrieved 14 August 2006 ...
Other topics. *Australian constitutional law. *Constitutional convention. *Reserve power. *Constitutional history of Australia ...
See U.S. Patent 2,445,748 (July 27, 1948). Demerec used x-ray mutagenesis to produce a high-yielding strain of Penicillium mold ... Topics. *Contributing property. *Keeper of the Register. *Historic district. *History of the National Register of Historic ...
Major topics of the letters include medical care for the soldiers and the poor, the role of nursing, and sanitation and public ... It appeared at a time when the simple rules of health were only beginning to be known, when its topics were of vital importance ...
... medicines and laboratory materials produced by the United States or covered by United States patents, even though those ...
U.S. Patent 1,848,389 *^ Ikenson, Ben (1 June 2019). Patents: Ingenious Inventions : how They Work and how They Came to be. ...
"Procédé de Transformation d'Huiles Végétales en Vue de Leur Utilisation comme Carburants") Belgian Patent 422,877. This patent ... Wikibooks has a book on the topic of: Do-It-Yourself. Wikinews has related news: Portal:Environment. ... This is similar (copy) to the patented methods used in the 18th century to make lamp-oil, and may be inspired by some old ... On 31 August 1937, G. Chavanne of the University of Brussels (Belgium) was granted a patent for a "Procedure for the ...
Sheet silicates: Broad spectrum catalysts for organic synthesis.[19](See also U.S. Patent 4,999,319 (1985), which is the basis ... Somorjai, G. A.; Roberts, M. W. (2003). "A Tribute to John Meurig Thomas: Llongyfarchiadau ar eich penblwydd". Topics in ... He is the author of some thirty patents, some of which have made chemical processes more environmentally benign ("greener") by ... Thomas, J. M.; Raja, R. (2006). "The advantages and future potential of single-site heterogeneous catalysts". Topics in ...
strongest on political & constitutional topics). *Harmer, Florence Elizabeth. ed. Select English historical documents of the ... 1st Duke of Somerset tampered with Henry VIII's will and obtained letters patent giving him much of the power of a monarch by ... economic and social topics *Douglas, David Charles. ed. English historical documents, 1042-1189 (Vol. 2. Psychology Press, 1995 ...
He also developed Pyribenzamine (tripelennamine), his first patent and one of the first commercial antihistamines[106] ... In his only published paper on the topic of religion, Bohr spoke not of deities and doctrines but of psychological experience. ... and philanthropist who is known for inventing dynamite and holding 355 patents. He was a benefactor of the Nobel Prize.[250][ ...
"In 1934, Hoffman-La Roche, which bought the Reichstein process patent, became the first pharmaceutical company to mass produce ... started publishing research on the topic and also published a book "Vitamin C and the Common Cold" in 1970.[28] A revised and ...
Knuth discusses software patenting, structured programming, collaboration and his development of TeX. The oral history ... covering a wide range of topics in digital typography relevant to TeX. The Deutschsprachige Anwendervereinigung TeX is a large ...
... which allows governments to license patents without the consent of patent-owners - may be effective in promoting invention by ... and provides the basis for topics such as industrial organization and economics of regulation. There are four basic types of ... Similarly, most patented medications cost more in the U.S. than in other countries with a (presumed) poorer customer base. ... Patents, copyrights, and trademarks are sometimes used as examples of government-granted monopolies. The government may also ...
"Light sensitive device" U.S. Patent 2,402,662 Issue date: June 1946 *^ "April 25, 1954: Bell Labs Demonstrates the First ... making them a very rapidly advancing technology and a hot topic in the solar cell field.[67] Perovskite solar cells are also ... The first patent of bifacial solar cells was filed by Japanese researcher Hiroshi Mori, in 1966.[69] Later, it is said that ... Russell Ohl patented the modern junction semiconductor solar cell in 1946[8] while working on the series of advances that would ...
Outcome can be measured by publication output, citation impact, number of patents, number of PhDs awarded etc. Another question ... researchers from different areas who are brought together for several days of intensive discussions about a particular topic ... A system of patents was developed to allow inventors a period of time (often twenty years) to commercialise their inventions ... It remained the case, however, that imitation by competitors - circumventing or simply flouting patents, especially those ...
Inventions and patents. Use this topic to learn more about your areas of interest and the regulations that affect the topic ... Browse Federal Register documents tagged by agencies with the topic ... by the Patent and Trademark Office on 09/30/2020. The United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO or Office) is amending ... by the Patent and Trademark Office on 08/03/2020. The United States Patent and Trademark Office (Office or USPTO) sets or ...
The textual data objects are string-correlated to the topic objects to determine which topic objects are referenced in each ... having a unique topic name embedded, is concatenated and matched with the topic names. In the case of no match, one word is ... The string-correlation is performed in a buffer in which each portion of text relating to a particular topic, ... Topic objects are stored with textual data objects containing references to other topic objects. ...
Black patent bag from ,i,Star Wars,/i, with embossed Darth Vader inspired design.,br,Interior includes zip pocket and cell ... HOT TOPIC FASHION. New Arrivals Dresses Tops Hoodies & Sweaters Outerwear Bottoms Doctor Who Collection Loki Collection 90s ... Copyright Hot Topic © All Rights Reserved. If you are using a screen reader and are having problems using this website, please ... Black patent bag from Star Wars with embossed Darth Vader inspired design.. Interior includes zip pocket and cell phone & stash ...
You can post new topics in this forum. You can reply to topics in this forum. You cannot edit your posts in this forum. You ... If the patent is granted in the future, and if I decide to use the patent to make some money, I have decided that I would ... If the patent is granted in the future, and if I decide to use the patent to make some money, I have decided that I would ... Data formats should never be patented.. Agreed. If the patent is granted then Ill honestly stop visiting and suggesting to ...
Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Patenting [e-publication].. ISSN=1797-3023. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 15.5. ...
Recent Patents and Topics on Imaging (Discontinued). Formerly: Recent Patents on Medical Imaging. Volume 5, 2 Issues, 2015. ... Current Topics on Fetal 3D/4D Ultrasound. eISBN: 978-1-60805-019-2. ISBN: 978-1-60805-660-6. Edited by: Toshiyuki Hata DOI: ... Current Topics on Fetal 3D/4D Ultrasound. eISBN: 978-1-60805-019-2. ISBN: 978-1-60805-660-6. Edited by: Toshiyuki Hata DOI: ... Topics in Anti-Cancer Research. eISBN: 978-1-60805-478-7. ISBN: 978-1-60805-612-5. Edited by: Atta-ur-Rahman / Khurshid Zaman ...
Topic 4 - WIPOs Patent Landscape Reports on Pharmaceutical Topics (Ritonavir, Atazanavir and Vaccine Manufacturing). Lutz ... Topic 4 - WIPOs Patent Landscape Reports on Pharmaceutical Topics (Ritonavir, Atazanavir and Vaccine Manufacturing). Document ... Mailänder, Head, Patent Information Section, Access to Information and Knowledge Division, WIPO, Geneva. ...
... project ideas and discussion topics based on important themes running throughout Do Black Patent-leather Shoes Really Reflect ... Do Black Patent-leather Shoes Really Reflect Up?: A Fictionalized Memoir Topics for Discussion. John R. Powers ... More summaries and resources for teaching or studying Do Black Patent-leather Shoes Really Reflect Up?: A Fictionalized Memoir. ... Do Black Patent-leather Shoes Really Reflect Up?: A Fictionalized Memoir from BookRags. (c)2021 BookRags, Inc. All rights ...
Recent Patents and Topics on Imaging (Discontinued). Formerly: Recent Patents on Medical Imaging. This journal supports open ... Recent Patents and Topics on Imaging (Discontinued). Formerly: Recent Patents on Medical Imaging. This journal supports open ... Recent Patents and Topics on Imaging (Discontinued). Formerly: Recent Patents on Medical Imaging. This journal supports open ...
Trying Patent Cases Under the New KSR Standard, PLI Hot Topic Briefing August 1, 2007 San Francisco, California Event Speaking ... Trying Patent Cases Under the New KSR Standard, PLI Hot Topic Briefing Download. ...
The intellectual property law server provides general information on intellectual property law including patent, trademark, ...
A topic is modeled using the statistical distribution generated for the cluster corresponding to the topic. ... The documents are clustered according to the keywords to yield clusters, where each cluster corresponds to a topic. A ... In one embodiment, modeling topics includes accessing a corpus comprising documents that include words. Words of a document are ... Connect public, paid and private patent data with Google Patents Public Datasets Modeling Topics Using Statistical ...
Topics may be used to guide information retrieval and/or the display of topic classifications during user query operations. ... For example, topics may be associated with each table entry, each image, each sentence, each paragraph, or an entire file. ... Word combinations so identified are selected as topics and associated with a user-specified level of granularity. ... A technique to determine topics associated with, or classifications for, a data corpus uses an initial domain-specific word ...
Well this is interesting. Does this mean there can be settings on console games and people will now brag about there x-box 720s specs?
79277), the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office invites stakeholders to submit patent quality-related topics that they believe ... should be the subject of a case study as part of a new Enhanced Patent Quality Initiative pilot program. In the notice, the ... 79277), the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office invites stakeholders to submit patent quality-related topics that they believe ... Court Report , Main , Guest Post: The Ghost of Christmas Patents » December 21, 2015. USPTO Seeks Topics for Quality Case Study ...
Hot Topics in the Parallel Universe of Patent Reexamination and Patent Litigation. March 24, 2010 12:00 PM - 1:00 PM ...
Strengthening the Patent Attorneys System in the Republic of Moldova. Best Practices of EU Member States ... patent attorneys in intellectual property met in a national seminar entitled ... Strengthening the Patent Attorneys System, Topic Discussed in a National Seminar 02/08/2018 Events ... On 8 February this year, patent attorneys in intellectual property met in a national seminar entitled "Strengthening the Patent ...
The Patent office does not do this. There are two sites, named almost the same, that take the patent number, get the patent ... The way to go about getting the patent images is as follows: Get the Patent Number and write it down. Go to www.Pat2Pdf.org. ... Download the PDF file(s) of the patent that are generated. Caution: there is a .com site of the same name that charges for the ... Interesting Magnet Engine Patent. These devices are similar to Overbalanced Wheels in that they have no electronic parts, but ...
Patents thesis writing service to help in custom writing a master Patents dissertation for an MBA dissertation research ... Topic: "Patents". Do you need help with a master dissertation, a masters thesis, or a doctoral research proposal about " ... "Patents"? For 9 years, our staff members on topics related to "Patents" have aided undergraduate students, undergraduate ... Course Topic. Creative Impact. Critical Thinking Topic. Data Collection Category. Debate Formats. Deductive Reasoning Structure ...
https://patents.google.com/patent/US303 ... oq=3034841. https://patents.google.com/patent/US372 ... oq=3726237. Theyre on Ebay ... https://patents.google.com/patent/US559 ... =us5591157. wall paper. https://patents.google.com/patent/USD40 ... q=usd40488. ... https://patents.google.com/patent/US20110122064. US 5566950 Urinal arcade game https://patents.google.com/patent/US556 ... US+ ... https://patents.google.com/patent/US497 ... =us4971737. Manufacture of rock-candy https://patents.google.com/patent/US239 ... q ...
Hot Topics in Patent Law: The America Invents Act of 2011, and Therasense, Inc. v. Becton, Dickinson & Co. ...
Topics in Viral Immunology Bruce Campell Supervisory Patent Examiner Art Unit 1648. 1. Topics in Viral Immunology Bruce Campell ... PATENTS & TRADEMARKS- Law Office of Sam Sokhansanj - A Patent lawyer is realy useful to: File a Patent Application File for a ... Patent Landscape , Technology Scouting - Best of the implicit statements in the patent law is referred to as a patent landscape ... Patenting Wireless Technology: Infringement and Invalidity - What are B s options? 3 Patent Infringement Defense: Patent ...
Patents, Trademarks Topic of eCenter Seminar. HERMITAGE, Pa. - "The Better Mousetrap - Protecting it with Patents and ... The presentation discusses patents, trademarks and copyrights in terms understandable to the non-specialist. Included will be ... Porcelli has been a patent attorney for 27 years. He worked as a mechanical engineer for eight years before graduating from law ... Trademarks" is the topic of a free seminar to be held March 30 at the [email protected] here. The presenter is James ...
MainCompany NewsAttorneys of Sojuzpatent presented a topic "The Effective enforcement of patent rights in Russia" on the ... Attorneys of Sojuzpatent presented a topic "The Effective enforcement of patent rights in Russia" on the Conference organized ... May 22, 2007 attorneys of Sojuzpatent presented a topic "The Effective enforcement of patent rights in Russia" on the ... Sojuzpatent excels in both patent prosecution and contentious work IAM Patent 1000:. Oldest IP law firm in the territory of ...
... a judge struck down a companys patents on two genes linked to an increased risk of breast and ovarian cancer. ... In a ruling with potentially far-reaching implications for the patenting of human genes, ... Such patents, it said, have been granted for decades; the Supreme Court upheld patents on living organisms in 1980. In fact, ... Edward Reines, a patent lawyer who represents biotechnology firms but was not involved in the case, said loss of patent ...
Off-topic.... Okay, I know this is off-topic, but I totally did a double-take when I read this headline. My name is Drew Farkas ... we wrote about a patent troll known as Gooseberry Natural Resources LLC who claimed to hold a patent (US Patent 6,370,535) ... I have a patent on this patent troll beating strategy. I dont know who this TED guy is but by posting the video on how to beat ... Supreme Court Says Patent Trolls Can Wait A While Before Suing. *Just As We Warned: A Chinese Tech Giant Goes On The Patent ...
Topic(s). * SME-2013-1 - Research for SMEs Call for proposal. FP7-SME-2013. See other projects for this call ... patent priorities in the case that a given patent (application) draws upon a number of existing patents or a patent has been ... The technologies to be developed in iPATDoc will facilitate the work on both a single patent and a collection of patents ( ... split into several patents; (viii) citations across patents in a given patent collection. The interactive assessment features ...
Patent statistics [4]Arguments for patent protection [5]Charges of abuse and proposed remedies [6]Economic effects of patent ... protection [7]bibliography [8]Patents are public documents conferring certain rights, privileges, ... Updated Media sources (1) About encyclopedia.com content Print Topic Share Topic ... Patents. Sections within this essay:. Background. Types of Patents. Utility Patents. Design Patents. Plant Patents. ...
said Sunday that it has settled a patent and trade secret lawsuit with Taiwan... ... SMI, +4.84% said Sunday that it has settled a patent and trade secret lawsuit with Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co. TSM, ... 175 million over six years and the two companies will cross license each others patents through December 2010. The company said ...
undefined announced Tuesday a long-term patent cross licensing agreement with Cisco Systems undefined. As part of the pact, ... BlackBerry to be paid a license fee by Cisco as part of patent cross-licensing pact Published: June 23, 2015 at 7:38 a.m. ET By ... bbry announced Tuesday a long-term patent cross licensing agreement with Cisco Systems CSCO, +2.11%. . As part of the pact, ... "Our agreement with Cisco underscores the value companies place on BlackBerrys broad and foundational patent portfolio," said ...
  • The professional activity of patent attorneys consists in representing natural persons and legal entities or rendering the necessary assistance to them in the field of protection of intellectual property objects (geographical indications, appellations of origin and traditional specialties guaranteed, trademarks, inventions, industrial designs, plant varieties, topographies of integrated circuits). (agepi.md)
  • If the patent law is to protect novel and useful inventions, it must be determined just what should be regarded as an "invention" and what as "novel" and "useful. (encyclopedia.com)
  • How should priority be decided in cases of nearly simultaneous inventions: Should the patent go to him who was first in getting the idea, or to him who was first in putting it into patentable form, or to him who was first in submitting it to the patent office? (encyclopedia.com)
  • some make "improvement inventions" eligible only for supplementary "patents of addition" of shorter duration, terminating, for example, with the primary patent on the invention that they improve. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Patenting Inventions or Inventing Patents? (nber.org)
  • The patentable subject matter requirement addresses the issue of which types of inventions will be considered for patent protection. (cornell.edu)
  • US Supreme Court decisions have raised substantial uncertainty around whether certain inventions are abstract ideas, laws of nature, or natural phenomenon, or contain sufficient additional elements to be patent eligible. (lexology.com)
  • Three recent Federal Circuit decisions, along with new updates from the USPTO, offer guidance on which steps to take in patenting healthcare IT-related inventions. (lexology.com)
  • Enfish suggests that narrowly drawn claims are more likely to pass patent eligibility muster than broader ones, sound advice for patenting algorithm-intensive inventions in the healthcare field. (lexology.com)
  • The recent Federal Circuit decisions and USPTO guidance suggest that inventions relating to abstract ideas, laws of nature, and natural phenomena may become patent eligible if applied in narrowly defined real-world terms, especially involving combinations of elements (subject to other patent laws requiring inventions to be novel and non-obvious) which lead to below-referenced outcomes or results. (lexology.com)
  • Interestingly, challenges on gene patents in Australia and Europe have all resulted in law in this area remaining unchanged, where new inventions relating to isolated biological materials, including genes, remain patentable. (dlapiper.com)
  • Even though the specific patent application before the Court was unanimously rejected, the boundaries of patent-eligible inventions remain uncertain. (fenwick.com)
  • Disclosing ideas to people who are not legally bound to confidentiality (e.g., by a nondisclosure agreement) can be deemed a "public disclosure" that can make it impossible to patent inventions outside the U.S, and that can start a one-year clock ticking for filing in the U.S. Filing in the U.S. before public disclosure, however, keeps open the option to later file in other countries. (fenwick.com)
  • Moreover, before disclosing inventions to competitors, even those that have signed NDAs, companies should consider filing a patent application to avoid the risk that the competitor might independently file a patent on an idea. (fenwick.com)
  • On August 21, 2019, the Government of Canada published amendments to the Patented Medicines Regulations that set out the long-awaited framework applicable to the price regulation of patented drugs in Canada. (mccarthy.ca)
  • SAN FRANCISCO (MarketWatch) -- A federal court on Friday declined to reconsider a ruling that upheld several patent-infringement claims against Research In Motion Ltd., maker of the popular BlackBerry handheld devices. (marketwatch.com)
  • The U.S. Court of Appeals in Washington, D.C. let stand an Aug. 2 decision by a three-judge panel that upheld seven of 16 patent-infringement charges against RIM. (marketwatch.com)
  • Continuations allow inventors to claim technology developed after the original filing date of a patent, leading to concerns about inadvertent infringement and hold-up. (nber.org)
  • There's a time and a place for aggressive patent infringement lawsuits, but I don't think that this is one of those times. (nasdaq.com)
  • Samsung lost an appeal in the Netherlands over its infringement of Apple's bounce-back patent, resulting in a broad injunction against selling accused devices and all other infringing devices that Samsung has introduced or will introduce. (appleinsider.com)
  • Google's previous efforts to "protect Android" from infringement claims originally centered around buying up billions of dollars worth of patents and using these to support its licensees after they were sued. (appleinsider.com)
  • After successfully defending itself from a patent infringement suit from Apple, a small Spanish tablet maker has turned the tables and is now suing Apple for anticompetitive behavior. (appleinsider.com)
  • First, the deal will bolster both Samsung and Google's patent positions against patent infringement allegations and subsequent litigation from competitors, and specifically Apple, which has been involved in acrimonious, multinational patent battles worth billions of dollars against Samsung for years now, over Samsung's Android-powered range of Galaxy smartphones and tablets. (osnews.com)
  • Members of the collective can then license these patents on a perpetual basis, which will protect themselves against IP infringement lawsuits - a common hazard in the sector. (theglobeandmail.com)
  • Facebook describes its terms thus: "The patent grant says that if you're going to use the software we've released under it, you lose the patent license from us if you sue us for patent infringement. (theregister.com)
  • After the D&M Denon HEOS patent-infringement lawsuits, Sonos files suit against Lenbrook and its Bluesound and BluOS wireless multiroom audio products and platform. (cepro.com)
  • Two other patent-infringement claims in that case - also involved in the Lenbrook lawsuit - were settled out of court. (cepro.com)
  • Sonos says it sent Lenbrook a notice of infringement on 70 patents in November 2018, including the seven in the current suit. (cepro.com)
  • This month, Sonos sent another notice of infringement on 45 other patents. (cepro.com)
  • We understand that there was a patent infringement lawsuit filed against Lenbrook. (cepro.com)
  • In 2013 the Federal Court experienced a surge in patent infringement actions. (mccarthy.ca)
  • Whereas 48 patent infringement actions were filed in 2012, that number rose to 101 in 2013. (mccarthy.ca)
  • [1] Part of that increase came about because of growth in the oil and gas patent infringement sector. (mccarthy.ca)
  • Of the 101 patent infringement cases filed in the Federal Court in 2013, 12 related generally to oil and gas technology. (mccarthy.ca)
  • [3] This represented a substantial increase over 2012 where only 5 oil and gas patent infringement actions were filed. (mccarthy.ca)
  • The Supreme Court issued an opinion today that restricts the ability of patent owners to choose the court in which they bring an infringement suit. (consortiuminfo.org)
  • Until today's decision, a patent owner could bring an infringement suit in any court where the defendant could be sued generally, which in most cases meant almost any federal district court - including the E. D. of Texas. (consortiuminfo.org)
  • If a competitor sues a company for patent infringement, owning patents enables the company to countersue and potentially speed the path to settlement. (fenwick.com)
  • I still disagree with the principle of Blackboard's patent and feel that it may lead to further patent infringement litigation. (jarche.com)
  • In other words, Facebook's view is that Facebook Messenger, Instagram, and WhatsApp were built on the company's own ideas rather than on BlackBerry's patents. (nasdaq.com)
  • If you or your company's goal is to protect any designs with patents, being aware of what is already patented puts you at an advantage. (asme.org)
  • The company's unwavering commitment to technology and protecting its R&D+i results, combined with the work of more than 730 researchers focused on developing and improving new technologies, has led to significant growth in the number of patents, which currently exceeds 220 applications and awards. (altenergymag.com)
  • Like all other patents, a filing doesn't mean that Microsoft is set to announce folding smartphone/tablet hybrids, nor does it mean a folding phone is even in the company's future. (techrepublic.com)
  • The Commission already issued a warning against Motorola Mobility's aggressive patent enforcement when it approved Google's acquisition of the cell phone maker in February. (salon.com)
  • That ban centered on European Patent EP2059868 , and pertained to Samsung's use of Google's stock Android 2.2.1 or later, which began copying the iPhone technique Apple invented to simplify the navigation and direct manipulation of photos, often referred to as simply the "bounce back" patent. (appleinsider.com)
  • Following its success in Germany, Google's efforts to attack Apple's invention in the U.S. serves as a tactic to reduce Samsung's nearly billion dollar penalty for infringing the patented invention in producing Galaxy phones designed to look and work identically to Apple's iPhone, beginning back in 2010. (appleinsider.com)
  • The patents, they argued, stifle research and innovation and limit testing options. (nytimes.com)
  • A patent grants the patent holder the exclusive right to exclude others from making, using, importing, and selling the patented innovation for a limited period of time. (cornell.edu)
  • Once the term of protection has ended, the patented innovation enters the public domain. (cornell.edu)
  • Maybe I'm blind to the incredible innovation that went into these patents because the ideas are everywhere nowadays, but I honestly don't see why these broad concepts deserve any intellectual property protections at all. (nasdaq.com)
  • Embracing patent information for successful innovation. (asme.org)
  • This suggests that patent antitrust law should err on the side of protecting innovation incentives. (ssrn.com)
  • RE$EARCH MONEY welcomes its readers to submit articles of either 650 or 1,000 words for its popular Opinion Leader page, on topics of interest to the research and innovation community. (researchmoneyinc.com)
  • that the government had chosen a new non-profit entity called Innovation Asset Collective (IAC) to run a four-year pilot project known as a "patent collective. (theglobeandmail.com)
  • False starts that waste time could allow other inventors to obtain patents that will eventually exclude your concepts, and place you at risk of infringing on a competitor's product and potentially costly litigation. (asme.org)
  • Patent litigation is expensive, so it is unsurprising that the vast majority of accused infringers choose to settle early rather than expend the resources required to show a court that the Patents-in-Suit fail under § 101. (techdirt.com)
  • I don't believe that Facebook ever offensively litigated a patent, but the potential for litigation is more than theoretical - it's very real if they choose that path. (theregister.com)
  • Added Wednesday AM: An article in the New York Times today contradicts this headline, stating that Intermec Technologies -- which claims that it owns 145 RFID technology patents and is already in litigation involving some of them -- was not asked to join the new group. (consortiuminfo.org)
  • This blog is a review of oil and gas patent litigation in the year 2013. (mccarthy.ca)
  • In the case of patent law litigation, there has been a difference in outcomes for many years, to no good purpose. (consortiuminfo.org)
  • BIOTECH Patent Report, published six times a year, brings you information about new laws, rules, regulations and guidelines concerning biotechnology patents, and the text of United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit biotechnology patent litigation decisions, in a convenient booklet. (bioportfolio.com)
  • DRUG Patent Report, published six times a year, brings you the most important United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit generic pharmaceutical patent litigation decisions in a convenient booklet. (bioportfolio.com)
  • The invention relates generally to computerized information management technologies and, more particularly but not by way of limitation, to the generation of relevant domain-specific topics for a corpus of data to facilitate subsequent search and retrieval operations for the data. (google.com)
  • There are a few excellent free patent search tools that are available to anyone. (asme.org)
  • As you advance through the process, there is also a professional community that spends most of its days conducting patent searches in specialized patent databases with search features that are not available to the public. (asme.org)
  • External Data Spec Patents in environment-related technologies Patent search strategies for various areas of 'environmental' technologies have been developed at OECD and have been used to produce the dataset. (europa.eu)
  • For a Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT) international application having 10 claims, the search fee, transmittal fee, and the international preliminary examination fee in total were reduced from about JPY 110,000 to about JPY 35,000. (or.jp)
  • The present invention relates generally to lexicographical analysis and, more particularly, to modeling topics using statistical distributions. (google.com)
  • A patent of invention is the grant of an exclusive right to the use of a technical invention. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Defined more precisely, a patent confers the right to secure the enforcement power of the state in excluding unauthorized persons, for a specified number of years, from making commercial use of a clearly identified new and useful technological invention. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The United States Congress, annoyed by such narrow judgments, stated in the Patent Act of 1952 that "patentability shall not be negatived by the manner in which the invention was made. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The usefulness of an invention cannot well be determined when the patent is applied for: How can one know whether what may seem useless at the moment will not become useful later? (encyclopedia.com)
  • Under the examination system a patent is issued only after the patent office has carefully examined the patentability of the invention. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The rule against patenting printed matter still retains its force, although printed matter may be patentable if its relationship with the physical invention is either new and useful, or new and non-obvious. (cornell.edu)
  • Novelty requires that the invention was not known or used by others in this country, or patented or described in a printed publication in this or another country, prior to invention by the patent applicant. (cornell.edu)
  • The test for nonobviousness is whether the subject matter sought to be patented and the prior art are such that the subject matter as a whole would have been obvious to a person having ordinary skill in the art at the time the invention was made. (cornell.edu)
  • The first of these cases determined that post-sale limits on the use and resale of a product practicing a patented invention are permissible, and the second concluded that foreign sales of such a product do not exhaust a patentee's U.S. rights to exclude. (mintz.com)
  • Lexmark upholds both a patentee's rights to limit post-sale, downstream use of its patented invention, and also recognizes established notions of domestic sovereignty over intellectual property protections. (mintz.com)
  • This paper explores the patterns of citations among patents taken out by inventors in the U.S., the U.K., France, Germany and Japan. (nber.org)
  • Right now there is a backlog of 620,000 pending patents with as many as 500,000 new patents filed every year, Lofgren said, so inventors can face a three-year wait for patent applications to be processed and approved or denied. (baselinemag.com)
  • After their application was rejected by the Patent and Trademark Office, the inventors appealed to the Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit. (fenwick.com)
  • The Court observed that the modern age allows more and more people to innovate, thus posing a challenge for patent law to strike the balance between protecting inventors and avoiding inappropriate monopolies. (fenwick.com)
  • The United States Patent and Trademark Office (Office or USPTO) sets or adjusts patent fees as authorized by the Leahy-Smith America Invents Act (Act or AIA), as amended by the Study of Underrepresented Classes Chasing Engineering and Science Success Act of 2018 (SUCCESS Act). (federalregister.gov)
  • The measure became effective on April 1, 2014, and is applicable to any patent application for which a request for substantive examination is filed during the period of April 1, 2014, through March 31, 2018, or to any PCT international patent application filed at the JPO and in the Japanese language during that same period. (or.jp)
  • We use the link created by disclosure of standard essential patents (SEPs) to analyze the relationship between standard publication - a key observable milestone in technology development - and continuation filing. (nber.org)
  • I have consulted and served as an expert witness on several legal matters related to Standard Essential Patents. (nber.org)
  • Milone also said that there is a discussion on the standard-essential patents and whether a company that has been able to establish a large essential standards portfolio should be also be allowed to ban importation. (nasdaq.com)
  • Google took a very interesting step in agreeing to remove standard-essential patents from the ITC (International Trade Commission) action," said Milone, referring to the case with Microsoft. (nasdaq.com)
  • The Commission said it "will assess whether Motorola has abusively, and in contravention of commitments it gave to standard setting organizations, used certain of its standard essential patents to distort competition. (salon.com)
  • The Commission has increased its scrutiny of suspected abuse of standard-essential patents especially among technology companies in recent months. (salon.com)
  • More often than not, Apple is thought of as a patent predator, having attacked Samsung and numerous other tech firms with massive lawsuits. (nasdaq.com)
  • Patent lawsuits are flying back and forth left and right, and the ITC and American justice system have a lot of work to do to clean up this mess. (osnews.com)
  • Another patent troll will be paying out legal fees, thanks to a judge seeing something he didn't like in the plaintiff's long history of lawsuits. (techdirt.com)
  • Specifically, Plaintiff has filed similar lawsuits (more than 90 for the '207 and '297 Patents and more than 400 for the '359 Patent) against countless defendants. (techdirt.com)
  • Patent lawsuits against open source projects are reportedly on the rise. (techrepublic.com)
  • In addition to basic concepts the course also deals with advanced topics such as: software patents, business process patents, patenting life, patent trolls and multiple case examples of large and small companies using patents and patent lawsuits. (coursera.org)
  • In addition to a lot of lawsuits, there are also many patent sales between companies with Google buying more than 2,000 patents from IBM for example and Nortel having a large portfolio of patents sold to a consortium led by Apple. (coursera.org)
  • The United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO or Office) is amending the foreign filing license rules to facilitate the use of ePCT (a World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) online service) to prepare an international application for filing with the USPTO in its capacity as a Receiving Office (RO/US) under the Patent Cooperation. (federalregister.gov)
  • The USPTO is a business-like operation where the demand for patent. (federalregister.gov)
  • The United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO or Office) proposes to amend the Rules of Practice in Patent Cases and the rules regarding Representation of Others before the United States Patent and Trademark Office. (federalregister.gov)
  • The United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO or Office) is revising the rules of practice pertaining to patent term adjustment in view of the decision by the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit (Federal Circuit) in Supernus Pharm. (federalregister.gov)
  • Let's hope this stuff finally opens the eyes of American politicians to finally get their heads out of the sand and fix that damn patent system, and do something about the total and utter incompetence of the USPTO. (osnews.com)
  • In an updated publication called "Guidance to Patent Examiners" issued in May 2016, the USPTO overviews its test for patent eligibility. (lexology.com)
  • The U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) announced July 2 plans to open a satellite patent office in San Jose, Calif., the heart of Silicon Valley and the epicenter of IT industry inventiveness. (baselinemag.com)
  • The satellite offices were authorized by the America Invents Act of 2011 , signed into law by President Barack Obama in September of 2011 as part of a larger effort to modernize the U.S. patent system over the next three years, the USPTO said. (baselinemag.com)
  • As previously discussed by Global IP Matters , Novartis focuses on B-Delay, which occurs, per 35 U.S.C. § 154(b)(1)(B) , when the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) fails to issue a patent within three years of an application's actual filing date. (mintz.com)
  • Oasmia Pharmaceutical (Nasdaq:OASM) announces that the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) has issued a notification of allowance of a patent for its unique nanotech method to produce no. (bioportfolio.com)
  • I own both of these stocks, and neither one would be a viable business without a usable patent protection system. (nasdaq.com)
  • The patent at issue claims a method of preparing frozen liver cells that can be thawed and re-frozen while remaining viable. (lexology.com)
  • None of the folks at Phylos really see patenting as a viable tool for the average breeder. (wweek.com)
  • the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office invites stakeholders to submit patent quality-related topics that they believe should be the subject of a case study as part of a new Enhanced Patent Quality Initiative pilot program. (patentdocs.org)
  • The U.S. Patent and Trademark Office has since rejected five of NTP's patent claims and is reviewing the rest. (marketwatch.com)
  • In exchange for this limited monopoly, immediate disclosure of the patented information to the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (PTO) is required. (cornell.edu)
  • SALON ® is registered in the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office as a trademark of Salon.com, LLC. (salon.com)
  • The U.S. Patent and Trademark Office is opening its first satellite offices outside Washington, D.C., including one in the heart of Silicon Valley in San Jose, Calif. (baselinemag.com)
  • Abengoa was the number one Spanish company in the international patent application ranking by the Spanish Patent and Trademark Office (SPTO) for 2012, and seventh among all institutions, led by the Spanish Higher Council for Scientific Research (CSIC). (altenergymag.com)
  • RedHill Biopharma received a notice of allowance from the US patent and Trademark Office on Monday (August 20) for a new formulation patent covering RHB-106, which will be valid until 2033. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Enfish's patents on a "self-referential" database were held invalid by a trial court as being directed to the abstract idea of 'organizing information using tabular formats. (lexology.com)
  • Hall Enterprises pushed back, hoping to have the court find the asserted patents invalid under the Supreme Court's Alice decision . (techdirt.com)
  • Because of the dismissal, the court was unable to rule the patents invalid. (techdirt.com)
  • The US Supreme Court has ruled that certain patent claims owned by Myriad Genetics, the US biotech company that holds the patents covering a test for breast cancer related genes (BRCA1 and BRCA2), are invalid as products of nature. (dlapiper.com)
  • The vendor in its suit would ask the judge to rule either that the product in question was non-infringing, or that the patent itself was invalid. (consortiuminfo.org)
  • A federal court ruled that a patent Johnson & Johnson holds on its Zytiga prostate cancer treatment is invalid, clearing the way for generics. (bioportfolio.com)
  • United States District Court Judge Robert W. Sweet issued the 152-page decision , which invalidated seven patents related to the genes BRCA1 and BRCA2, whose mutations have been associated with cancer . (nytimes.com)
  • In a 117-page complaint to the Central District Court of California, BlackBerry leans on seven patents to make its case against Facebook. (nasdaq.com)
  • Sonos alleges Lenbrook infringes on seven patents, including the two patents that D&M was found in a jury trial to have willfully infringed. (cepro.com)
  • What the history of Eskimo Pies tells us about software patents today. (slate.com)
  • In this week we learn about patent trolls, software patents, business process patents, patenting life and case examples of large and small companies using and going to court over patents. (coursera.org)
  • Hot Topics in Patent Law: The America Invents Act of 2011, and Therasense, Inc. v. Becton, Dickinson & Co. (polsinelli.com)
  • The Office notes that a helpful submission should also explain how the results of a given case study could be used to improve patent quality. (patentdocs.org)
  • Written topic submissions must be received by the Office on or before February 12, 2016 to be considered. (patentdocs.org)
  • Also, Heinz Goddar, German patent attorney, expert of the project on intellectual property rights, made a comparative presentation of the features of the patent attorneys system in Germany, Great Britain and European Patent Office. (agepi.md)
  • In such proceedings the grounds of the opposition, such as "prior use" or "prior patent grant," are heard and examined by the patent office. (encyclopedia.com)
  • If the patent office rejects all the claims, RIM could win its long-running battle with NTP. (marketwatch.com)
  • EPO patent counts are based on data received from the European Patent Office. (europa.eu)
  • I don't think I ever expect to see submissions to the U.S. Patent Office reflected in embroidery. (makezine.com)
  • By having a patent office in San Jose, enterprising startups and global technology leaders alike will benefit from direct access to services that currently are only available across the country in Washington," Lofgren said, noting that more than one-quarter of all the patents filed in the U.S. originated in Silicon Valley. (baselinemag.com)
  • Filed in November 2010, '286 was published by the US Patent Office on 6 November this week. (theregister.com)
  • Apple's protected rectangles are often used as a example of PATENTS GONE MAD, but it's no match for this gem from the US Patent Office Hall of Fame, "a method of exercising a cat", which describes the use of handheld laser-pointer for keeping friendly felines fit as a fiddle. (theregister.com)
  • Smithsonian Secretary S. Dillon Ripley describes the progress of the National Collection of Fine Arts and the National Portrait Gallery, both housed in the old Patent Office Building. (si.edu)
  • On February 13, 1925, the U.S. Congress passed a law authorizing the creation of a commission to dispose of the patent model collection in the U.S. Patent Office. (si.edu)
  • 43 Stat. 942 (1925), ch. 230, "An Act to authorize the appointment of a commission to select such of the Patent Office models for retention as are deemed to be of value and historical interest and to dispose of said models, and for other purposes," Statutes at Large, Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1925, pp. 942-943. (si.edu)
  • [8] The concentration of cases filed in Toronto is explained by the fact that lawyers typically file cases in the closest office, and Toronto has the largest concentration of patent litigators in Canada. (mccarthy.ca)
  • U.S. Patent Office said Choudhury does not hold a patent on his Bikram brand of yoga, but he ds have patents on related products. (yoga-teacher-training.org)
  • If we contact our legislators and the US Patent office, it should make real Impact. (yoga-teacher-training.org)
  • The proposed project iPATDoc aims to develop new innovative technologies for interactive inspection, alignment, and contrastive analysis of the content of patent material. (europa.eu)
  • The Federal Circuit held that software designed to filter Internet content is eligible for patent protection when the patent disclosed computerized solutions to specific problems in the art. (lexology.com)
  • Is a question asking to explain the details of a software patent lawsuit on-topic? (stackoverflow.com)
  • Would a SO question asking for someone to explain what the relevant software details of the lawsuit be on-topic? (stackoverflow.com)
  • The lawsuit also challenged the patents on First Amendment grounds, but Judge Sweet ruled that because the issues in the case could be decided within patent law, the constitutional question need not be decided. (nytimes.com)
  • In an email to The Register , Paul Berg, an open-source licensing expert who has worked at Amazon and advises Idaho National Laboratory, said the difference between Facebook's terms and Apache's is that Facebook revokes its patent grant for any offensive patent lawsuit against Facebook or its customers for using Facebook products. (theregister.com)
  • Take, for example, Rothschild Patent Imaging (RPI) LLC's lawsuit against the GNOME Foundation . (techrepublic.com)
  • This is important, because trolls rely on claims that they "settled" with others to insist that other companies recognize the validity of their patent. (techdirt.com)
  • As he points out, patent trolls have cost the US economy significantly more than terrorist attacks. (techdirt.com)
  • Basically flip the patent troll strategy back on the trolls themselves. (techdirt.com)
  • I don't know who this TED guy is but by posting the video on how to beat patent trolls from Drew Curtis he has infringed on my patent and he will be sued. (techdirt.com)
  • I own the patent on disseminating information in any form on defending yourself and your company against patent trolls. (techdirt.com)
  • How universities aid and abet patent trolls. (slate.com)
  • On 8 February this year, patent attorneys in intellectual property met in a national seminar entitled "Strengthening the Patent Attorneys System in the Republic of Moldova. (agepi.md)
  • The rules of the Code of Ethics will ensure that the patent attorney accomplishes his professional mission, which must be based on competence, honesty and morality, so that the Code of Ethics and Conduct for Patent Attorneys will ultimately guarantee competent and qualified assistance to those interested in intellectual property services and advice," said Diana Stici. (agepi.md)
  • At present, according to data from the National Register of Patent Attorneys in Intellectual Property, there are registered 142 patent attorneys, 14 of whom have suspended their activity for various reasons and 5 attorneys have ceased their activity. (agepi.md)
  • About 20 percent of human genes have been patented, and multibillion-dollar industries have been built atop the intellectual property rights that the patents grant. (nytimes.com)
  • The technologies are designed to complement the products of the participating SMEs and will be decisive for their competitiveness in the continuously growing and increasingly hotly contested intellectual property protection market in general and in the niche of patent examination and management in particular. (europa.eu)
  • Our agreement with Cisco underscores the value companies place on BlackBerry's broad and foundational patent portfolio," said Mark Kokes, BlackBerry's vice president of intellectual property and licensing. (marketwatch.com)
  • The court's willingness to accept methods of producing materials leveraging natural phenomena as patent eligible may signal relief for healthcare companies looking for ways to monetize intellectual property. (lexology.com)
  • In its efforts to continuously revolutionize the market for solar park foundations, part of Powerway's strategy has been to aggressively file and maintain a broad range of patents for its intellectual property. (altenergymag.com)
  • Marijuana growers are worried about protecting intellectual property rights, especially from the patent techniques of seed-trade powerhouse Monsanto. (wweek.com)
  • It should be noted, however, among the fees for a PCT international patent application, the fees of c and d above that have been paid to the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) are not actually reduced, but are refunded . (or.jp)
  • Other presentations at the conference will cover intellectual property (IP), design and verification, low-power designs, and related topics. (electroiq.com)
  • Entrepreneurs are often surprised about what is (and is not) innovative enough to win patent protection, so defining key areas of intellectual property is paramount. (fenwick.com)
  • Our "Patents" researchers are highly-educated specialists with impeccable research and writing skills who have vast experience in preparing doctoral-level research materials. (phd-dissertations.com)
  • For researchers seeking to study this practice, a key challenge is the difficulty of linking patent applications to potentially infringing technology. (nber.org)
  • These experts include patent searchers or researchers, patent analysts, and patent information professionals. (asme.org)
  • Do patents of academic funded researchers enjoy a longer life? (bioportfolio.com)
  • The Authors and Contributors of "Patent Docs" are patent attorneys and agents, many of whom hold doctorates in a diverse array of disciplines. (patentdocs.org)
  • The seminar aimed at presenting the Deontological Code for Patent Attorneys, as well as sharing the best practices in the field in the Member States of the European Union. (agepi.md)
  • Further on, Project Expert Yuriy Kapitsa spoke about the advantages of being a member of an association or a system of patent attorneys and the requirements for that. (agepi.md)
  • About the patent attorneys system in the Republic of Moldova: the current situation and subsequent developments, as well as about the deontological code for patent attorneys in our country spoke Diana Stici, head of the AGEPI Legal Department. (agepi.md)
  • At the same time, Iulian Iorga, patent attorney, IP Consult advocacy network, exposed himself to the particularities of the elaboration of the Deontological Code for Patent Attorneys in the Republic of Moldova. (agepi.md)
  • Subsequently, the participants participated in a roundtable in which they came up with proposals to improve the draft Deontological Code and tried to identify the needs for amending or supplementing the Regulation on the Activity of Patent Attorneys. (agepi.md)
  • Also, the mechanism of cooperation between AGEPI and patent attorneys was also brought up for discussion. (agepi.md)
  • May 22, 2007 attorneys of Sojuzpatent presented a topic "The Effective enforcement of patent rights in Russia" on the Conference organized by the Association of the European Business in Russia (took place in Marriott Aurora Hotel, Moscow). (sojuzpatent.com)
  • Some engineers may simply avoid the topic all together, hoping the attorneys will figure it out. (asme.org)
  • It's generally much easier to show you didn't infringe -- yes, even if the patent is ridiculous. (techdirt.com)
  • So while we don't know what the ALJ's basis for finding no violation is, the S3G case raises some very interesting possibilities, most notably whether patents that have components of what a computer has to contain at the time of importation are found to be infringe," said Milone. (nasdaq.com)
  • After importing the devices, the alleged infringer may infringe some of the patent claims as a consequence of testing or selling. (nasdaq.com)
  • Nearly a year after Samsung was found to infringe Apple's IP in The Netherlands, a German court was persuaded by Google to throw out Apple's rights over the same patent, based on the idea that Steve Jobs' original presentation of the iPhone's new technique in 2007 was "prior art," a line of reasoning that is legal in Germany. (appleinsider.com)
  • Using GraphQL, an increasingly popular query language for grabbing data, may someday infringe upon pending Facebook patents, making the technology inherently problematic for corporate usage. (theregister.com)
  • We also find that claims in SEP continuations are more likely to be rejected for double patenting (indicating an effort to change the scope of previous patents), and that keywords in the claims of SEPs linked to the same standard become more similar after standard publication. (nber.org)
  • The scope of the patented design is defined by the eight submitted diagrams, which show a thin rectangular iPad-like device with rounded corners. (theregister.com)
  • BRUSSELS (AP) - The European Union's competition watchdog on Tuesday opened two investigations into whether Motorola Mobility, which is being bought by Google, is unfairly restricting competitors from accessing essential patents. (salon.com)
  • In the U.S., Google argued on behalf of its Motorola Mobility subsidiary that Apple's patents should be ignored as worthless even as it distributed copies of Android that purposely emulated a variety of original elements of the iPhone that it knew to be patented. (appleinsider.com)
  • Motos patents have been worthless in their fight against suits. (osnews.com)
  • Protecting Business Innovations via Patent Watch Course Overview: https://youtu.be/mUja4iwbrTE This course assumes no prior knowledge in law, business or engineering. (coursera.org)
  • However, students with backgrounds in all three areas will find useful concepts or ideas in the course on how to protect business innovations using patents. (coursera.org)
  • After completing this course, students should be able to understand how patents are issued and protect innovations, including: What is a patent? (coursera.org)
  • Patent: https://www.coursera.org/learn/protect-business-innovations-patent 4. (coursera.org)
  • Welcome back to our course on Protecting Business Innovations via Patents. (coursera.org)
  • She represents companies and academic institutions in the medical technology field and helps protect patent innovations for medical and surgical devices. (mintz.com)
  • With first-to-file rules now in force in the U.S., companies must carve out their niches by filing patents documenting their innovations before competitors do. (fenwick.com)
  • A federal judge on Monday struck down patents on two genes linked to breast and ovarian cancer . (nytimes.com)
  • The American Civil Liberties Union and the Public Patent Foundation at the Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law in New York joined with individual patients and medical organizations to challenge the patents last May: they argued that genes, products of nature, fall outside of the realm of things that can be patented. (nytimes.com)
  • Key to the Court's decision that a naturally occurring DNA segment is "a product of nature and not patent eligible merely because it has been isolated" was the finding that isolating DNA from the human genome does not change the chemical structure, nor does it alter the genetic information encoded in the genes. (dlapiper.com)
  • Given that patents on full-length, naturally occurring genes with introns and exons will no longer be a barrier to entry for diagnostic companies, going forward the market will see more competition. (dlapiper.com)
  • Motorola Mobility holds patents that are essential for standards linked to 2G and 3G mobile telecommunications, compressing video for online use, as well as wireless LAN technologies. (salon.com)
  • In its complaint against Motorola Mobility, Microsoft claimed that the cell phone maker was demanding excessively high prices for using some of its key patents. (salon.com)
  • Potential patent defendants, of course, play the same game when they expect they are about to be sued. (consortiuminfo.org)
  • But patent appeals are expensive and time consuming, so defendants that lose in Texas may decide to settle, or pay up, rather than fight. (consortiuminfo.org)
  • That was bad luck for the patent owner, but good luck for patent defendants. (consortiuminfo.org)
  • A Portland biotechnology company has launched a 3-D map that charts the genetic evolution of cannabis genomes, protecting strains like OG Kush from future patent attempts by big agricultural companies such as Monsanto. (wweek.com)
  • NanoSphere Health Sciences (CSE:NSHS) (OTC: NSHSF) has been awarded a breakthrough patent, granting the biotech innovator full ownership over the standardized delivery of cannabis into systemic circul. (bioportfolio.com)
  • A technique to determine topics associated with, or classifications for, a data corpus uses an initial domain-specific word list to identify word combinations (one or more words) that appear in the data corpus significantly more often than expected. (google.com)
  • Topics may be used to guide information retrieval and/or the display of topic classifications during user query operations. (google.com)
  • In its database on 'Patents by technology' the OECD identifies 9 primary groups of technology based patent classifications one of which is defined as Selected environment-related technologies. (europa.eu)
  • Data for the primary area Selected environment-related technologies was downloaded along with data for Total patents (including all primary classifications). (europa.eu)
  • Whether Facebook wants to assert these patents is the province of gut feelings and lore," said Walsh. (theregister.com)
  • Companies may not wish to use patents to sue competitors, but competitors can still assert their own patents, especially in digital health where there are companies with overlapping ideas and large players entering the space. (fenwick.com)
  • The company filed a 105-page complaint against networking hardware company Avaya in 2016, using a much more technical and less common-sense slate of eight patents. (nasdaq.com)
  • The small holding company owns handful of patents on promising technologies that it seeks to license. (marketwatch.com)
  • Shipping & Transit owns a number of patents that relate to vehicle tracking. (techdirt.com)
  • Apple already owns a design that describes an iPad-like slab with rounded corners, patent US D627,777 . (theregister.com)
  • the Supreme Court upheld patents on living organisms in 1980. (nytimes.com)
  • We thank Justus Baron for access to the Searle Center Database on technology standards and standard setting organizations, and Evgeny Klochikhin for access to the PatentsView patent applications database. (nber.org)
  • If the numbers of included patents and applications are manageable, these focused patent subclasses can be reviewed in their entirety, or they can be slimmed down by combining them with complementing keywords. (asme.org)
  • Thus, combinations of known elements that solve existing problems in the art may become patent eligible even when the individual steps involved are not, offering a path forward to patenting for applications of known IT to the healthcare context. (lexology.com)
  • Abengoa is the leading Spanish company for international patent applications for the second consecutive year. (altenergymag.com)
  • Powerway Renewable Energy Co., Ltd. announced today that it has been awarded a new patent for a'split ground screw' for ground screw foundation applications. (altenergymag.com)
  • Patio Enclosures, Inc. was awarded a US Patent on May 29, 2007 for a new, economical product designed to enclose a balcony in commercial and residential applications. (thomasnet.com)
  • In a GitLab issues post , Jamie Hurewitz, senior director of legal affairs for the code repo biz, expressed concern that Facebook's pending patent applications, if granted, could become part of GraphQL's licensing terms. (theregister.com)
  • Japan's Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry has said that the cost reductions effected by this measure will result in Japan having average filing costs lower than those in the U.S.A., Europe, China, and Korea, and are likely to promote an increase in the number of patent applications submitted in Japan by SMEs and individuals. (or.jp)
  • In other words, the right to patent is lost if the inventor delays too long before seeking patent protection. (cornell.edu)
  • Cycling historians are hailing a little known inventor for filing what they say is the first official patent for a bicycle - way back in 1866. (bikeportland.org)
  • Bilski and a co-inventor filed a patent application on a method for hedging against price changes in the energy market. (fenwick.com)
  • viii) citations across patents in a given patent collection. (europa.eu)
  • We find that the relevant error cost ratio for patent antitrust is the proportion of the sum of the monopoly profit and residual consumer surplus to the deadweight loss. (ssrn.com)
  • He said that many critics of gene patents considered the idea that isolating a gene made it patentable "a 'lawyer's trick' that circumvents the prohibition on the direct patenting of the DNA in our bodies but which, in practice, reaches the same result. (nytimes.com)
  • Further, many gene patents are old and will expire in one to five years (Myriad's patents on cDNAs expire in 2015). (dlapiper.com)
  • Included will be explanations on the differences among patents, trademarks and copyrights, the processes for acquiring federal protection of each and how you know if you need such protection. (businessjournaldaily.com)
  • This week, BlackBerry sued Facebook (NASDAQ: FB) for infringing on seven technology patents, asking the social network to shut down all three of its popular messaging apps. (nasdaq.com)
  • Myriad Genetics , the company that holds the patents with the University of Utah Research Foundation, asked the court to dismiss the case, claiming that the work of isolating the DNA from the body transforms it and makes it patentable. (nytimes.com)
  • The statutory bar refers to the fact that the patented material must not have been in public use or on sale in this country, or patented or described in a printed publication in this or another country more than one year prior to the date of the application for a U.S. patent. (cornell.edu)
  • When I was looking to turn it into a web application, I came across the world of copyrights, trademarks and patents. (ourbeacon.com)
  • My cousin is telling me to patent the idea and I was thinking of getting a trademark for the name of the web application. (ourbeacon.com)
  • If I patent the idea, then apparently no one will be able to create a similar web application providing a similar service to its users. (ourbeacon.com)
  • Should I even bother with any thing related to trademarks, copyrights and/or patents or should I just make the web application and let everyone copy what they wish, call it what they wish, and make what ever profit from it that they wish? (ourbeacon.com)
  • Q2 What languages may I use for filing a patent application? (joupo.com)
  • A month ago, GNOME was hit by a patent troll for developing the Shotwell image management application. (techrepublic.com)
  • The only thing that's missing is walking through the patent application form and how is it built. (coursera.org)
  • This measure is applicable to any patent application for which a request for substantive examination is filed on or after April 1, 2014. (or.jp)
  • Patent annuities (1st year through 10th year) will be reduced for any patent application for which a request for substantive examination is filed during that same period. (or.jp)
  • Essa may have a point that the patent could be given wider application by the courts, but I'm not a patent lawyer or a judge. (jarche.com)
  • Adamas Pharmaceuticals (Nasdaq:ADMS), a fully-integrated pharmaceutical company pioneering time-dependent medicines for central nervous system (CNS) disorders, today announced that a new patent has b. (bioportfolio.com)
  • The examinationplus-opposition system ( Aufgebotssystem ) provides for an interval of time after the publication of the specifications examined and accepted by the official examiner and before the issuance of the patent, in order to enable interested persons to oppose the patent grant. (encyclopedia.com)
  • There is a substantial increase in continuation filings immediately after standard publication, and this increase is larger when the initial patent examiner is more lenient. (nber.org)
  • Since early 2002, we've written hundreds of doctoral-level thesis papers and dissertations for research-24 hours a day, 7 days a week-on incredibly intricate topics. (phd-dissertations.com)
  • But I don't see a place for vigorous defense of incredibly broad patents. (nasdaq.com)
  • An incredibly valuable tool for finding patents in mechanical engineering subjects is the patent classification, which is similar to the Dewey Decimal System and assigns patent subclasses to each patent based on their subject. (asme.org)
  • Less well known, however, is the fact that RPI sued eight organizations simultaneously using the same patent. (techrepublic.com)
  • But according to Florian Mueller of FOSS Patents , the company from the Valencia region of Spain successfully defended itself from accusations of infringing upon the design-related patent. (appleinsider.com)
  • After Amazon was granted this patent in 1999, the company sued Barnes & Noble over its one-click purchase system, and won an injunction that forced B&N to add more steps to its checkout process. (teleread.org)
  • A patent filed by Microsoft for magnets mounted on rotating axes suggests the company may be developing a folding tablet/smartphone hybrid. (techrepublic.com)
  • A Microsoft patent filing for rotating magnetic locks reveals that the company is continuing to invest in mobile devices, this time with potentially foldable touchscreens. (techrepublic.com)
  • And also who should we write as patent owners, ourselves or the company? (coursera.org)
  • Congress added the nonobviousness requirement to the test for patentability with the enactment of the Patent Act of 1952. (cornell.edu)
  • In fact, many in the patent field had predicted the courts would throw out the suit. (nytimes.com)
  • Under the registration system the validity of a registered patent is examined only if an interested party attacks it in the courts and asks that the patent be invalidated. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Under the Supreme Court's ruling, a patent owner will now only be entitled to bring suit in federal courts having jurisdiction over a state where the defendant is either incorporated, or has a regular and established business and is also engaging in infringing activity. (consortiuminfo.org)
  • The patent could also be interpreted by the courts to cover any other elements (e.g. e-commerce engine, card systems, ERP connectors) that integrate with the basic system. (jarche.com)
  • Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is an extra blood vessel found in babies before birth and just after birth. (kidshealth.org)
  • A patent ductus arteriosus (PAY-tent DUK-tus are-teer-ee-OH-sus) is more likely to stay open in a premature infant , particularly if the baby has lung disease. (kidshealth.org)
  • What Happens in Patent Ductus Arteriosus? (kidshealth.org)
  • If the ductus doesn't close, the result is a patent (meaning "open") ductus arteriosus. (kidshealth.org)
  • What Are the Signs & Symptoms of Patent Ductus Arteriosus? (kidshealth.org)
  • How Is Patent Ductus Arteriosus Diagnosed? (kidshealth.org)
  • How Is Patent Ductus Arteriosus Treated? (kidshealth.org)
  • De Franco P, Chiu T, Kantor N, Garrison R, Miller R. Early surgical closure of patent ductus arteriosus. (jaoa.org)
  • The industry is going to have to get more creative about how to retain exclusivity and attract capital in the face of potentially weaker patent protection," he said. (nytimes.com)
  • Edward Reines, a patent lawyer who represents biotechnology firms but was not involved in the case, said loss of patent protection could diminish the incentives for genetic research. (nytimes.com)
  • Without a vigorous patent protection policy, Intuitive Surgical would never have built its unassailable fortress of robotic surgery technologies. (nasdaq.com)
  • The Court noted: "The Patent Act permits patents to be issued to '[w]hoever invents or discovers any new and useful…composition of matter,'" but laws of nature remain beyond the domain of patent protection. (dlapiper.com)
  • The Court expressly stated that it was not attempting to make any holding about whether certain 'technologies from the Information Age should or should not receive patent protection. (fenwick.com)
  • When developing technology that is novel in digital health today, but copyable by competitors tomorrow, patent protection is essential. (fenwick.com)
  • Patent protection can also be essential during fundraising to show a proprietary edge. (fenwick.com)
  • Under the terms of the settlement, Semicondutor Manufacturing will pay Taiwan Semiconductor $175 million over six years and the two companies will cross license each others patents through December 2010. (marketwatch.com)
  • MSFT ) is "just another example of the stakes in the patent system where companies are now using patents as a competitive tool to control market share. (nasdaq.com)
  • Multiple companies are "testing whether the industry recognizes value or if the market share is protectable by patents," she added. (nasdaq.com)
  • Under EU law, companies that hold patents for technologies that are essential for industry standards have to make these available to rivals at a fair price. (salon.com)
  • The game ends when one of the player's 'companies' runs out of money, patents, or appeals. (osnews.com)
  • Both companies have suffered set back after set back when it comes to patents. (osnews.com)
  • But White expects Monsanto and similar companies to seek weed patents. (wweek.com)
  • And that new turn is the announcement today that a patent pool is being formed by some 20 companies to establish royalty rates and manage royalty payments on implementations of EPC Global RFID standards. (consortiuminfo.org)
  • When other companies are awarded patents, they simply join the pool, and the royalty that implementers are charged doesn't go up. (consortiuminfo.org)
  • Put simply, oil and gas companies were more aggressive at enforcing their patent rights in 2013. (mccarthy.ca)
  • While an overall system may not be new, oftentimes patenting small but crucial improvements enable innovators to openly pitch ideas when building companies. (fenwick.com)
  • Digital health companies use patents for many reasons. (fenwick.com)
  • To identify what to patent, companies should think through advantages over close competitors. (fenwick.com)
  • Yes, open source has never been more pervasive or popular, but at least some of the patent suits don't make much sense. (techrepublic.com)
  • Everyone who knows anything about patent suits acknowledges that the Eastern District of Texas is friendly to patent owners, and that patent owners bring cases there solely for that reason. (consortiuminfo.org)
  • According to the Office's Federal Register notice, case study topics submitted under the new pilot program should be more than mere statements of an issue or problem encountered by the submitter, but should propose a specific correlation or trend for study, and where possible, suggest a methodology for its investigation. (patentdocs.org)
  • Milone said that the ALJ's (administrative law judge) determination of no violation is not "surprising because the number of patents were reduced, but also because the full Commission's remand told the ALJ to look very carefully at their decision in the S3G/Apple case. (nasdaq.com)
  • In that case, S3 Graphics sued Apple for allegedly infringing on two of its patents. (nasdaq.com)
  • In the SG3 case, the Commission found that the computers don't contain data, or in that case, graphics stored in the format covered by the patent at the time of importation. (nasdaq.com)
  • The US is clearly a special case - the only country stupid enough to allow complex patent cases to be handled by a random group of idiots (i.e., people like us) instead of proper judges and specialists. (osnews.com)
  • Rothschild Patent Imaging, LLC offered to let us settle for a high five figure amount, for which they would drop the case and give us a license to carry on developing Shotwell. (techrepublic.com)
  • In this billion dollar case which was the largest court win between Samsung and Apple, there was a combination of both design patent violations and utility patent violations. (coursera.org)
  • Where that's the case and the facts and their strategic best interests otherwise allow, they may sue the patent owner first, filing suit in a more neutral, or patent un-friendly, district court. (consortiuminfo.org)
  • The patent describes a process for identifying the accent of a person and then adjusting the computer generated voice to produce an output with a similar accent. (techspot.com)
  • The Federal Circuit announced en banc that the so-called 'machine-or-transformation' test would henceforth be the sole test to determine whether a claimed process describes patentable subject matter. (fenwick.com)