The longest and largest bone of the skeleton, it is situated between the hip and the knee.
Fractures of the femur.
The constricted portion of the thigh bone between the femur head and the trochanters.
The hemispheric articular surface at the upper extremity of the thigh bone. (Stedman, 26th ed)
Fractures of the short, constricted portion of the thigh bone between the femur head and the trochanters. It excludes intertrochanteric fractures which are HIP FRACTURES.
The shaft of long bones.
The amount of mineral per square centimeter of BONE. This is the definition used in clinical practice. Actual bone density would be expressed in grams per milliliter. It is most frequently measured by X-RAY ABSORPTIOMETRY or TOMOGRAPHY, X RAY COMPUTED. Bone density is an important predictor for OSTEOPOROSIS.
The second longest bone of the skeleton. It is located on the medial side of the lower leg, articulating with the FIBULA laterally, the TALUS distally, and the FEMUR proximally.
The use of nails that are inserted into bone cavities in order to keep fractured bones together.
A specialized CONNECTIVE TISSUE that is the main constituent of the SKELETON. The principle cellular component of bone is comprised of OSTEOBLASTS; OSTEOCYTES; and OSTEOCLASTS, while FIBRILLAR COLLAGENS and hydroxyapatite crystals form the BONE MATRIX.
Rods of bone, metal, or other material used for fixation of the fragments or ends of fractured bones.
Aseptic or avascular necrosis of the femoral head. The major types are idiopathic (primary), as a complication of fractures or dislocations, and LEGG-CALVE-PERTHES DISEASE.
The physiological restoration of bone tissue and function after a fracture. It includes BONY CALLUS formation and normal replacement of bone tissue.
The properties, processes, and behavior of biological systems under the action of mechanical forces.
Bone in humans and primates extending from the SHOULDER JOINT to the ELBOW JOINT.
The use of internal devices (metal plates, nails, rods, etc.) to hold the position of a fracture in proper alignment.
Fractures of the FEMUR HEAD; the FEMUR NECK; (FEMORAL NECK FRACTURES); the trochanters; or the inter- or subtrochanteric region. Excludes fractures of the acetabulum and fractures of the femoral shaft below the subtrochanteric region (FEMORAL FRACTURES).
Replacement for a hip joint.
The physical state of supporting an applied load. This often refers to the weight-bearing bones or joints that support the body's weight, especially those in the spine, hip, knee, and foot.
Fractures around joint replacement prosthetics or implants. They can occur intraoperatively or postoperatively.
Fractures occurring as a result of disease of a bone or from some undiscoverable cause, and not due to trauma. (Dorland, 27th ed)
Reduction of bone mass without alteration in the composition of bone, leading to fractures. Primary osteoporosis can be of two major types: postmenopausal osteoporosis (OSTEOPOROSIS, POSTMENOPAUSAL) and age-related or senile osteoporosis.
A synovial hinge connection formed between the bones of the FEMUR; TIBIA; and PATELLA.
Implantable fracture fixation devices attached to bone fragments with screws to bridge the fracture gap and shield the fracture site from stress as bone heals. (UMDNS, 1999)
The continuous turnover of BONE MATRIX and mineral that involves first an increase in BONE RESORPTION (osteoclastic activity) and later, reactive BONE FORMATION (osteoblastic activity). The process of bone remodeling takes place in the adult skeleton at discrete foci. The process ensures the mechanical integrity of the skeleton throughout life and plays an important role in calcium HOMEOSTASIS. An imbalance in the regulation of bone remodeling's two contrasting events, bone resorption and bone formation, results in many of the metabolic bone diseases, such as OSTEOPOROSIS.
The use of metallic devices inserted into or through bone to hold a fracture in a set position and alignment while it heals.
The head of a long bone that is separated from the shaft by the epiphyseal plate until bone growth stops. At that time, the plate disappears and the head and shaft are united.
A condition in which one of a pair of legs fails to grow as long as the other, which could result from injury or surgery.
A noninvasive method for assessing BODY COMPOSITION. It is based on the differential absorption of X-RAYS (or GAMMA RAYS) by different tissues such as bone, fat and other soft tissues. The source of (X-ray or gamma-ray) photon beam is generated either from radioisotopes such as GADOLINIUM 153, IODINE 125, or Americanium 241 which emit GAMMA RAYS in the appropriate range; or from an X-ray tube which produces X-RAYS in the desired range. It is primarily used for quantitating BONE MINERAL CONTENT, especially for the diagnosis of OSTEOPOROSIS, and also in measuring BONE MINERALIZATION.
The joint that is formed by the articulation of the head of FEMUR and the ACETABULUM of the PELVIS.
The growth and development of bones from fetus to adult. It includes two principal mechanisms of bone growth: growth in length of long bones at the epiphyseal cartilages and growth in thickness by depositing new bone (OSTEOGENESIS) with the actions of OSTEOBLASTS and OSTEOCLASTS.
Replacement of the hip joint.
The surgical cutting of a bone. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Increase in the longest dimension of a bone to correct anatomical deficiencies, congenital, traumatic, or as a result of disease. The lengthening is not restricted to long bones. The usual surgical methods are internal fixation and distraction.
The bony deposit formed between and around the broken ends of BONE FRACTURES during normal healing.
A dead body, usually a human body.
The grafting of bone from a donor site to a recipient site.
Adhesives used to fix prosthetic devices to bones and to cement bone to bone in difficult fractures. Synthetic resins are commonly used as cements. A mixture of monocalcium phosphate, monohydrate, alpha-tricalcium phosphate, and calcium carbonate with a sodium phosphate solution is also a useful bone paste.
X-RAY COMPUTERIZED TOMOGRAPHY with resolution in the micrometer range.
The pull on a limb or a part thereof. Skin traction (indirect traction) is applied by using a bandage to pull on the skin and fascia where light traction is required. Skeletal traction (direct traction), however, uses pins or wires inserted through bone and is attached to weights, pulleys, and ropes. (From Blauvelt & Nelson, A Manual of Orthopaedic Terminology, 5th ed)
A fracture in which union fails to occur, the ends of the bone becoming rounded and eburnated, and a false joint occurs. (Stedman, 25th ed)
Tumors or cancer located in bone tissue or specific BONES.
The maximum compression a material can withstand without failure. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed, p427)
External devices which hold wires or pins that are placed through one or both cortices of bone in order to hold the position of a fracture in proper alignment. These devices allow easy access to wounds, adjustment during the course of healing, and more functional use of the limbs involved.
The plan and delineation of prostheses in general or a specific prosthesis.
A fracture in which the bone is splintered or crushed. (Dorland, 27th ed)
Process by which organic tissue becomes hardened by the physiologic deposit of calcium salts.
The projecting part on each side of the body, formed by the side of the pelvis and the top portion of the femur.
A purely physical condition which exists within any material because of strain or deformation by external forces or by non-uniform thermal expansion; expressed quantitatively in units of force per unit area.
A computer based method of simulating or analyzing the behavior of structures or components.
Malfunction of implantation shunts, valves, etc., and prosthesis loosening, migration, and breaking.
The process of bone formation. Histogenesis of bone including ossification.
The growth action of bone tissue as it assimilates surgically implanted devices or prostheses to be used as either replacement parts (e.g., hip) or as anchors (e.g., endosseous dental implants).
Specialized devices used in ORTHOPEDIC SURGERY to repair bone fractures.
Agents that inhibit BONE RESORPTION and/or favor BONE MINERALIZATION and BONE REGENERATION. They are used to heal BONE FRACTURES and to treat METABOLIC BONE DISEASES such as OSTEOPOROSIS.
A twisting deformation of a solid body about an axis. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The distance and direction to which a bone joint can be extended. Range of motion is a function of the condition of the joints, muscles, and connective tissues involved. Joint flexibility can be improved through appropriate MUSCLE STRETCHING EXERCISES.
The visualization of tissues during pregnancy through recording of the echoes of ultrasonic waves directed into the body. The procedure may be applied with reference to the mother or the fetus and with reference to organs or the detection of maternal or fetal disease.
A repeat operation for the same condition in the same patient due to disease progression or recurrence, or as followup to failed previous surgery.
The joining of objects by means of a cement (e.g., in fracture fixation, such as in hip arthroplasty for joining of the acetabular component to the femoral component). In dentistry, it is used for the process of attaching parts of a tooth or restorative material to a natural tooth or for the attaching of orthodontic bands to teeth by means of an adhesive.
A nonhormonal medication for the treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis in women. This drug builds healthy bone, restoring some of the bone loss as a result of osteoporosis.
Breaks in bones.
Bone loss due to osteoclastic activity.
One of a pair of irregularly shaped quadrilateral bones situated between the FRONTAL BONE and OCCIPITAL BONE, which together form the sides of the CRANIUM.
Fractures in which the break in bone is not accompanied by an external wound.
The surgical removal of one or both ovaries.
The bones of the free part of the lower extremity in humans and of any of the four extremities in animals. It includes the FEMUR; PATELLA; TIBIA; and FIBULA.
A bone fixation technique using an external fixator (FIXATORS, EXTERNAL) for lengthening limbs, correcting pseudarthroses and other deformities, and assisting the healing of otherwise hopeless traumatic or pathological fractures and infections, such as chronic osteomyelitis. The method was devised by the Russian orthopedic surgeon Gavriil Abramovich Ilizarov (1921-1992). (From Bull Hosp Jt Dis 1992 Summer;52(1):1)
The maximum stress a material subjected to a stretching load can withstand without tearing. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed, p2001)
The age of the conceptus, beginning from the time of FERTILIZATION. In clinical obstetrics, the gestational age is often estimated as the time from the last day of the last MENSTRUATION which is about 2 weeks before OVULATION and fertilization.
Displacement of bones out of line in relation to joints. It may be congenital or traumatic in origin.
Artificial substitutes for body parts, and materials inserted into tissue for functional, cosmetic, or therapeutic purposes. Prostheses can be functional, as in the case of artificial arms and legs, or cosmetic, as in the case of an artificial eye. Implants, all surgically inserted or grafted into the body, tend to be used therapeutically. IMPLANTS, EXPERIMENTAL is available for those used experimentally.
The middle third of a human PREGNANCY, from the beginning of the 15th through the 28th completed week (99 to 196 days) of gestation.
Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.
The use of statistical and mathematical methods to analyze biological observations and phenomena.
Procedures used to treat and correct deformities, diseases, and injuries to the MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM, its articulations, and associated structures.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
The area between the EPIPHYSIS and the DIAPHYSIS within which bone growth occurs.
Diseases of BONES.
The thigh is the femur and the femoral region. The kneecap is the patella and patellar while the back of the knee is the ... Surface anatomy is a descriptive science.[citation needed] In particular, in the case of human surface anatomy, these are the ... Surface anatomy and Surface Markings Palpation Seeley (2003) chap.1 p.2 Standring (2008) Introduction, Anatomical nomenclature ... Some pseudo-sciences such as physiognomy, phrenology and palmistry rely on surface anatomy. Knowledge of the surface anatomy of ...
A branch from this vessel crosses above the patellar surface of the femur, forming an anastomotic arch with the lateral ...
... and a patellar spline present on the anterior surface of the distal end; manual unguals with triangular lateral splines; pubis ... Both femur and tibia measured over 1 m (3.3 ft) in length, an unusual trait among giant theropods. The lower jaws were ... Along the lateral surfaces of this bone, some nutrient foramina can be found, which likely supported a rhamphotheca. Both ... This is contrasted by Gigantoraptor with both femur and tibia being over 1 m (3.3 ft), a combination that is not usually found ...
It is pointed in shape, and gives attachment to the patellar ligament. The front and back surfaces are joined by a thin margin ... The upper three-quarters of the patella articulates with the femur and is subdivided into a medial and a lateral facet by a ... The lower third culminates in the apex which serves as the origin of the patellar ligament. The posterior surface is divided ... Sometimes both articular surfaces are virtually equal in size. Occasionally, the medial surface is hypoplastic or the central ...
... and posterior surfaces of the condyles. Its front part is named the patellar surface and articulates with the patella; it ... femurs or femora /ˈfɛmərə/), or thigh bone, is the proximal bone of the hindlimb in tetrapod vertebrates. The head of the femur ... Distribution forces of the femur "Femora". Merriam-Webster Dictionary. "Femora". Dictionary.com Unabridged. Random House. ... When, however, the femur is in its natural oblique position the lower surfaces of the two condyles lie practically in the same ...
The intercondylar fossa of femur and/or the patellar surface may also be referred to as the patellar groove, patellar sulcus, ... trochlear sulcus of femur, trochlear surface of femur, or trochlea of femur. On a lateral radiograph, it is evident as ... The intercondylar fossa of femur (intercondyloid fossa of femur, intercondylar notch of femur) is a deep notch between the rear ... surfaces of the medial and lateral epicondyle of the femur, two protrusions on the distal end of the femur (thigh bone) that ...
These surfaces are separated from one another by the intercondyloid fossa and from the patellar surface by faint grooves which ... Right femur. Anterior surface. Right femur. Posterior surface. This article incorporates text in the public domain from page ... The articular surface of the lower end of the femur occupies the anterior, inferior, and posterior surfaces of the condyles. ... When, however, the femur is in its natural oblique position the lower surfaces of the two condyles lie practically in the same ...
... lies on the lower end of the femur and upper end of the tibia around their articular surfaces, and sends numerous offsets into ... The patellar network (circulatory anastomosis around the knee-joint, patellar anastomosis, genicular anastomosis, articular ... and on the contiguous ends of the femur and tibia, forming a superficial and a deep plexus. The superficial plexus is situated ...
... and posterior surfaces of the condyles. Its front part is named the patellar surface and articulates with the patella; it ... The femur (/ˈfiːmər/, pl. femurs or femora /ˈfɛmərə/)[1][2], or thigh bone, is the proximal bone of the hindlimb in tetrapod ... "Femora". Dictionary.com Unabridged. Random House.. *^ a b c d e f g h i j Bojsen-Møller, Finn; Simonsen, Erik B.; Tranum-Jensen ... Front and lateral surface of femur Vastus medialis muscle. Origin. Distal part of intertrochanteric line and medial ridge of ...
On its posterior surface is a lateral and a medial articular surface, both of which communicate with the patellar surface which ... Anteriorly, the synovial membrane is attached on the margin of the cartilage both on the femur and the tibia, but on the femur ... The patellar ligament connects the patella to the tuberosity of the tibia. It is also occasionally called the patellar tendon ... The knee joint is called "mobile" because the femur and lateral meniscus move over the tibia during rotation, while the femur ...
The upper surfaces of the condyles articulate with the femur to form the tibiofemoral joint, the weightbearing part of the ... which gives attachment to the patellar ligament; a bursa intervenes between the deep surface of the ligament and the part of ... Anterior surface Bones of the right leg. Posterior surface Dorsum of Foot. Ankle joint. Deep dissection. Ankle joint. Deep ... The leg bones (femur, tibia and fibula) are the strongest long bones as they have to support the rest of the body. The ...
... forming the medial and lateral patellar retinacula. The posterior surface of the patellar tendon is separated from the synovial ... the middle one third of the patellar tendon is harvested and inserted through tunnels that are drilled into the femur and tibia ... The insertion of the patellar tendon on the tibia is the location of Osgood-Schlatter disease. Patellar reflex Patellar ... The patellar tendon can be injured in a patellar tendon rupture. Because tendon does not regenerate fully in humans, there is a ...
Femur A trochanter is one of up to three tubercles of the femur: Greater trochanter Lesser trochanter Third trochanter, which ... The lower and more medial articular area is a small oval surface for articulation with the transverse process of the lower of ... It creates an attachment point for the ligamentum patellae, or patellar ligament. Other tubercles of the tibia include the ... The tibial tuberosity is located on the tibia's anterior surface, distal to the medial condyle. It creates a bony prominence ...
The other parts of the quadriceps arise from the surface of the femur. All four parts of the quadriceps muscle ultimately ... and inserts distally at the medial aspect of the patellar base. Historically considered a part of the vastus lateralis muscle, ... It is the great extensor muscle of the knee, forming a large fleshy mass which covers the front and sides of the femur. The ... The vastus lateralis muscle is on the lateral side of the femur (i.e. on the outer side of the thigh). The vastus medialis ...
The muscle also helps to medially rotate the tibia on the femur when the knee is flexed and medially rotate the femur when the ... Along with patellar ligament and quadriceps femoris, semitendinosus/gracilis (STG) tendon autografts has been used commonly and ... External surface. The popliteal, posterior tibial, and peroneal arteries. Back of left lower extremity. Semitendinosus muscle ... and is inserted into the upper part of the medial surface of the body of the tibia, nearly as far forward as its anterior crest ...
It brings blood from the skin surface and retains warm blood in the pad surface. Like most mammals, dogs have only two types of ... Popliteus: originates on the lateral condyle of the femur and inserts on the tibia. It acts to rotate the leg medially. It is ... Caudal muscles of the thigh: Biceps femoris: originates on the ischiatic tuberosity and inserts on the patellar ligament. It ... These turbinates allow for heat exchange between small arteries and veins on their maxilloturbinate surfaces (the surfaces of ...
The femur had a spherical head, a medial condyle considerably larger than the lateral, and a shallow patellar groove. Taken ... The vertebral elements of the sacrum are solidly fused and form a well-developed articular surface for the pelvis. The ilium is ... and a distal femur. The alveoli is all that is left of the dentition, but the dental formula apparently was 3.1.4.33.1.4.3. ...
6% to 9% of patellar fractures are of the open type. An ageing population and global increase in the number of TKAs has led to ... Complications may include injury to the tibia, femur, or knee ligaments. It typically results from a hard blow to the front of ... Outcomes with treatment are generally good, unless there is involvement of the articular surface or the quadriceps mechanism. ... Complications may include injury to the tibia, femur, or knee ligaments. In the longer term, the knee may not regain full ...
... the other ramifies close to the surface of the femur, supplying it and the knee-joint, and anastomosing with the lateral ... Patellar anastomosis This article incorporates text in the public domain from page 633 of the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy ( ...
The lateral surface encroaches onto a straight flat area as opposed to being limited to a defined vastus notch, an infrequent ... the femur features a developed trochanteric fossa and posterior crest. These traits are highly variable among modern human ... leaving little attachment for the patellar tendon. The medial (towards the midline) and lateral (towards the sides) facets for ...
... and in the corresponding surface of the lateral condyle of the femur (coronal). The medial retinaculum of the patella is at ... "Patellar Luxation". Orthopedic Foundation for Animals. Archived from the original (text/html) on 2007-08-26. Retrieved 2007-09- ... Patellar luxation is less common in cats than in dogs. Predisposed breeds include the Devon Rex and the Abyssinian. Although ... Most cases of patellar luxation are medial, and this is frequently a congenital problem in toy- and miniature-breed dogs. ...
... the suprapatellar bursa or recess between the anterior surface of the lower part of the femur and the deep surface of the ... the deep infrapatellar bursa between the upper part of the tibia and the patellar ligament. It allows for movement of the ... It allows for movement of the quadriceps tendon over the distal end of the femur. In about 85% of individuals, this bursa ... the subcutaneous [or superficial] infrapatellar bursa between the patellar ligament and skin. the pretibial bursa between the ...
The thigh is the femur and the femoral region. The kneecap is the patella and patellar while the back of the knee is the ... List of human anatomical parts named after people List of regions in the human brain Surface anatomy. ...
... malleolar sulcus patellar sulcus or intercondylar fossa of femur posterior interventricular sulcus preauricular sulcus radial ... It may be a groove in the surface of a limb or an organ, notably in the surface of the brain, but also in the lungs, certain ... Many sulci are the product of a surface fold or junction, such as in the gums, where they fold around the neck of the tooth. In ... anterior interventricular sulcus calcaneal sulcus coronal sulcus femoral sulcus or intercondylar fossa of femur gingival sulcus ...
Inserts into the caudal side of the femur, lateral patellar ligaments, cranial side of the patella, and calcanean tuber. Allows ... Obturator internus: originates on pelvic surface of the pubis, ischium, and ilium, and the wing of the sacrum, inserts into the ... Helps rotate femur out. Gluteus superficialis: originates from the gluteal fascia and tuber coxae, inserts into the femur. Lies ... Inserts into the femur and the ribs. Extends the hip and allows for the limb to abduct. Gluteus profundus: originates from the ...
Surfaces[edit]. The lateral surface, quadrilateral in form, is broad, rough, convex, and marked by a diagonal impression, which ... The greater trochanter (great trochanter) of the femur is a large, irregular, quadrilateral eminence and a part of the skeletal ... The medial surface, of much less extent than the lateral, presents at its base a deep depression, the trochanteric fossa ( ... The inferior border corresponds to the line of junction of the base of the trochanter with the lateral surface of the body; it ...
Surfaces. The anterior surface is the interval between the antero-lateral and antero-medial borders. It is extremely narrow and ... In many animals, it still articulates with the posterior part of the lower extremity of the femur, but this feature is ... The medial surface is the interval included between the antero-medial and the postero-medial borders. It is grooved for the ... The lateral surface is the space between the antero-lateral and postero-lateral borders. It is broad, and often deeply grooved ...
Patellar tendon[edit]. Knees following ACL reconstruction surgery. A patellar tendon graft was used. Discoloration of the left ... The braided segment is threaded through the heads of the tibia and femur, and its ends are fixed with screws on the opposite ... Ligament cells differ in size, respond to different cues in the cell environment, and express different cell surface markers, ... If the patient used a patellar tendon graft for their reconstructed ACL, therapist will also work on mobilizing the patellar ...
Cortical bone is covered by a periosteum on its outer surface, and an endosteum on its inner surface. The endosteum is the ... In adults, red marrow is mostly found in the bone marrow of the femur, the ribs, the vertebrae and pelvic bones.[11] ... external surface (Chin, Jaw, Mandibular prominence, Mandibular symphysis, Lingual foramen, Mental protuberance, Mental foramen ... They are located on the surface of osteon seams and make a protein mixture known as osteoid, which mineralizes to become bone.[ ...
Its plantar surface is concave where the Flexor tendons run below it; above it the tendons of the Interossei pass to their ...
The femur attempts to spread the menisci anteroposteriorly in extension and mediolaterally in flexion. Shrive et al. further ... Tears produce rough surfaces inside the knee, which cause catching, locking, buckling, pain, or a combination of these symptoms ... A varus force applied to the flexed knee when the foot is planted and the femur rotated internally result in a tear of the ... A valgus force applied to a flexed knee with the foot planted and the femur rotated externally can result in a lateral meniscus ...
... concave and convex surfaces.[13] Types of articular surfaces include trochlear surfaces.[14] ... Simple joint: two articulation surfaces (e.g. shoulder joint, hip joint). *Compound joint: three or more articulation surfaces ... A joint or articulation (or articular surface) is the connection made between bones in the body which link the skeletal system ... Complex joint: two or more articulation surfaces and an articular disc or meniscus (e.g. knee joint) ...
The fibular collateral ligament (FCL) connects the femur to the fibula. It attaches on the femur just proximal and posterior to ... The bony shape of the posterolateral knee, with the two convex opposing surfaces of the lateral femoral condyle and the lateral ... Reconstruction of the lateral collateral ligament of the knee with patellar tendon allograft: report of a new technique in ... The bones that make up the knee are the femur, patella, tibia, and fibula. In the posterolateral corner, the bony landmarks of ...
The posterior talocalcaneal articulation is formed by a concave surface of the talus and a convex surface of the calcaneus. ... At the anterior talocalcaneal articulation, a convex area of the talus fits on a concave surface of the calcaneus.[1] ... The medial talocalcaneal ligament extends from the medial tubercle of the talus to the sustentaculum tali on the medial surface ... The talus is oriented slightly obliquely on the anterior surface of the calcaneus. ...
The major bones of the leg are the femur (thigh bone), tibia (shin bone), and adjacent fibula, and these are all long bones. ... All four muscles unite in a common tendon inserted into the patella from where the patellar ligament extends it down to the ... The quadratus plantae arises with two slips from margins of the plantar surface of the calcaneus and is inserted into the ... This line stretches from the hip joint (or more precisely the head of the femur), through the knee joint (the intercondylar ...
It is nearly circular and covers a larger portion of the articular surface than the medial. It can occasionally be injured or ... to be inserted into the medial condyle of the femur, immediately behind the attachment of the posterior cruciate ligament. ...
Lower extremity of femur (distal extremity) *articular surface. *patellar surface. *tibial surfaces ... The femur (Тема 59)[редактиране , редактиране на кода]. Страница 242[редактиране , редактиране на кода]. *Femur (Thigh bone) ... posterior surface of sphenoid. Страница 149[редактиране , редактиране на кода]. *anterior surface of sphenoid *sphenoidal crest ... Lateral surfaces. The thorax (Тема 26)[редактиране , редактиране на кода]. Страница 116[редактиране , редактиране на кода]. * ...
Femur (Leg), Humerus (Arm), Ribs (Torso), Metatarsals I-VI (Foot), Metacarpals I-VI (Hand) ... Patellar Tendon (Knee), Calacaneal/Achilles Tendon (Foot/Lower Leg), Biceps Tendon (Shoulder/Elbow) ... or a fall taken against a hard surface.The discoloration in the skin is present when blood begins to pool around the injury. ...
The thigh is the femur and the femoral region. The kneecap is the patella and patellar while the back of the knee is the ... A section is a two-dimensional surface of a three-dimensional structure that has been cut. A plane is an imaginary two- ... Superficial and deep, which describe structures that are closer to (superficial) or farther from (deep) the surface of the body ... dimensional surface that passes through the body. Three planes are commonly referred to in anatomy and medicine: The sagittal ...
It originates on the femur 1 cm distal to the sMCL origin and inserts 3-4 mm distal to the joint line. It runs parallel to and ... The bony congruity of the medial knee consists of the opposing surfaces of the medial femoral condyle and the medial tibial ... It is rarely injured from a medial knee injury unless there is a concurrent lateral patellar subluxation or dislocation. The ... The bones of the knee are the femur, patella, tibia, and fibula. The fibula is on the lateral side of the knee and the patella ...
The two most common sources for tissue are the patellar ligament and the hamstrings tendon. The patellar ligament is often used ... The ACL originates from deep within the notch of the distal femur. Its proximal fibers fan out along the medial wall of the ... the convexity of the lateral tibiofemoral articular surfaces, and the concavity of the medial tibial plateau. While anatomical ... As the knee rotates inward additional strain is placed on the ACL, since the femur and tibia, which are the two bones that ...
Concavity of the dorsal (front) surface of the hoof can indicate chronic laminitis. The sole may become convex if the coffin ... Cruciate test: the examiner moves the tibia sharply caudally, to feel for movement away from the femur or crepitus. Excessive ... Tnibar, M. A. (2002). "Medial Patellar Ligament Splitting for the Treatment of Upward Fixation of the Patella in 7 Equids". ... Osselets: swelling on the front surface of the fetlock joints of the front legs, caused by traumatic arthritis of the fetlock ...
The femora are long and slender; the cranial distal surface lacking a patellar groove, as in other enantiornithines. Remnants ... The ventral surface of the left frontal (orbital roof) is only gently arched, suggesting large orbits. Large scleral rings are ... The ventral surface of the median element is strongly convex, indicating the existence of an incipient carina (i.e. sternal ... 3e), which open onto the surface of the cortex in young and fast-growing bone15,16. These are consistent with a perinate ...
Articulates with the patella on the distal end of the femur. Patellar surface. ... Deep hemispherical socket on the lateral pelvic surface that holds the head of the femur. Acetabulum. ... The fibrous membrane that covers the external surfaces of bones except at their articular surfaces. Periosteum. ... Located directly superior to the trochlea on the posterior surface of the humerus; receives the olecranon process of the ulna. ...
between patella and patellar surface of femur. structures of the knee joint. quadriceps tendon, patellar ligament, lateral ( ... turns anterior surface of femur or humerus laterally. medial rotation (internal rotation). turns anterior surface of femur or ... reinforces medial surface of knee joint, extends from femur to tibia, and prevents hyper abduction of leg at the knee. ... reinforces lateral surface of joint, extends from femur to fibula, and prevents hyperadduction of leg at the knee. ...
TROCHANTER MEDIAL CONDYLE LATERAL CONDYLE PATELLAR SURFACE PATELLA TIBIAL TUBEROSITY MEDIAL CONDYLE LATERAL CONDYLE MEDIAL ... Femur, Patella, Tibia, Fibula FEMUR PATELLA TIBIA THE END HEAD FOVEA CAPITIS NECK GREATER TROCHANTER LESSER. ...
The indented area between the condyles is the patellar surface, which houses the kneecap (patella). The femur is the largest ... Illustration of human femurs (thigh bones). The femur is the long bone between the hip and the knee. The head of the femur (top ... The lower end articulates with the knee joint at the lateral and medial condyles (knobs on either side of femur). ... Illustration of human femurs (thigh bones). The femur is the long bone between the hip and the knee. The head of the femur (top ...
Furthermore, the trochlear, or patellar bearing, surface of the femur is typically left intact in a unicondylar procedure. ... The patella 7 may also be cut 28 to allow for replacement of the patellar articular surface. In a unicondylar knee replacement ... Cutting guides are used to guide the removal of portions of the articular surfaces of the tibia and femur. Artificial joint ... Device for determining resection surfaces of femur and tibia in preparation for implantation of total knee endoprosthesis. ...
Study 61 Bones Practical flashcards from Preethi T. on StudyBlue.
The knee is defined by scanned bone surface geometry and is surrounded by the menisci, major ligaments, and patellar tendon. ... The pelvis and foot bones are modeled as rigid bodies connected to the femur and tibia/fibula via rotational spring-dashpots. ... One of the subtasks has been to develop a method for snow surface characterization. The aim is simulate winter tire on snow ... The model developed in this study includes long bones (tibia, fibula, femur) and flat bone (patella) as deformable bodies. ...
The knee is defined by scanned bone surface geometry and is surrounded by the menisci, major ligaments, and patellar tendon. ... The pelvis and foot bones are modeled as rigid bodies connected to the femur and tibia/fibula via rotational spring-dashpots. ... The model developed in this study includes long bones (tibia, fibula, femur) and flat bone (patella) as deformable bodies. ...
For the visual, Yahoo! provides a public-domain version of Grays Anatomy which not only provides images of the femur and its ... Unsurprisingly, the patella articulates with the patellar surface. On the medial supracondylar ridge, just superior to the ... The popiteal surface is a triangular flattened area on the posterior distal femur--basically the space between the ... Fe"mur (?), n.; pl. Femora (). [L. thigh.] Anat. (a) The thigh bone ...
Contraction of the vastus lateralis draws the patella towards the anterior surface of the femur. The patellar ligament connects ... The vastus lateralis muscle arises from widespread origins on the greater trochanter of the femur and on the linea aspera on ... As the piriformis muscle approaches its insertion on the greater trochanter of the femur, it gradually tapers to a point, ... the posterior side of the femur.. From its origins, the muscle fibers of the vastus lateralis extend anteriorly and distally to ...
A patellar surface is a smooth shallow articular depression between the femoral condyles at the front. Cartilage lines the ... The lower extremity of the femur, or distal femur, attaches by ligaments and a capsule to the proximal tibia. The distal femur ... wherein the planar surface is one or more of an anterior femoral cut surface, a posterior femoral cut surface, a distal femoral ... shows distal (104), posterior (106) and medial (108) surfaces of the distal femur (103). The embodiment of the system comprises ...
... and posterior surfaces of the condyles. Its front part is named the patellar surface and articulates with the patella; it ... The femur is also the longest bone in the human body. The femur is the only bone in the leg. The two femurs converge medially ... The femur (/ˈfiːmər/, pl. femurs or femora /ˈfɛmərə, ˈfɛmrə/) or thigh bone, is the most proximal (closest to the hip joint) ... Long Bone (Femur) Muscles of thigh. Lateral view. Muscles of thigh. Cross section. Distribution forces of the femur "Femora". ...
... and posterior surfaces of the condyles. Its front part is named the patellar surface and articulates with the patella; it ... The femur (/ˈfiːmər/, pl. femurs or femora /ˈfɛmərə/)[1][2], or thigh bone, is the proximal bone of the hindlimb in tetrapod ... "Femora". Dictionary.com Unabridged. Random House.. *^ a b c d e f g h i j Bojsen-Møller, Finn; Simonsen, Erik B.; Tranum-Jensen ... Front and lateral surface of femur Vastus medialis muscle. Origin. Distal part of intertrochanteric line and medial ridge of ...
lower extremity (lateral condyle, medial condyle, lateral epicondyle, medial epicondyle, patellar surface). ... Femur. head of femur (fovea capitis femoris) · neck of femur · greater trochanter · trochanteric fossa · lesser trochanter · ... Its upper and medial surfaces are rough, for the attachment of ligaments; its lateral surface is concave and is talocalcaneal ... named the anterior calcaneal articular surface, is somewhat flattened, and articulates with the facet on the upper surface of ...
the lateral lip of the patellar surface of the femur. In hyperextension, there is a tendency for the patella to separate from ... Patellar compression examination of knee extension - mostly last 30 degrees. patellar rotation. thomas - tight hip flexors. Q ... The examiner grasps the distal femur with one hand and the proximal tibia with the other hand. Femur is stabilized and anterior ... also prevents backward sliding of the femur and hyperextension of the knee. Limits internal rotation of the femur when the foot ...
The patellar component (kneecap portion) replaces the surface of the patella where it glides in the groove on the femur. ... The surface on the back of the patella is covered with articular cartilage. It glides within a groove on the front of the femur ... The femoral component (top portion) replaces the bottom surface of the upper bone (the femur) and the groove where the patella ... The patellar component is usually made of plastic as well. In some types of knee implants, the patellar component is made of a ...
This results in abnormally increased contact between the femur and the patellar articular surface which may eventually result ... patellar articular surface). The pain that results from this has a variety of different names, and while there are some ... patellar articular surface), changes. This results in the development of pain initially. If untreated, the end result is ... The patellar tendon goes from the bottom of the patella to the front of the tibia known as the tibial tubercle. When the ...
The patellar component (kneecap portion) replaces the surface of the patella where it glides in the groove on the femur. ... The femoral component (top portion) replaces the bottom surface of the upper bone (the femur) and the groove where the patella ... An uncemented prosthesis has a fine mesh of holes on the surface that allows bone to grow into the mesh and attach the ... The knee joint is formed where the thighbone (femur) meets the shinbone (tibia). A slick cushion of articular cartilage covers ...
What is Articular surface? Meaning of Articular surface as a legal term. What does Articular surface mean in law? ... Definition of Articular surface in the Legal Dictionary - by Free online English dictionary and encyclopedia. ... We dislocated the patella laterally to expose the articular surface of the patellar groove of femur bone.. Effect of He-Ne ... Articular surface legal definition of Articular surface https://legal-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/Articular+surface ...
Anatomy Of Patella Bone Lateral Condyle Femur Patellar Surface Surface Anatomy Medical Student Finals Anatomy The Skeletal ... Related Post for Surface Anatomy Of Knee. Anatomy Made Ridiculously Simple Free Download Full Anatomy Scan Pregnancy Anatomy Of ... If you would like for any unique fresh idea for your household then this Surface Anatomy Of Knee picture should be on top of ... Please promote this Surface Anatomy Of Knee picture to your friends, family through google plus, facebook, twitter, instagram ...
iliofemoral - pubofemoral - ischiofemoral - head of femur - transverse acetabular. Knee-joint. patellar - popliteal (oblique, ... lower extremity (lateral condyle, medial condyle, lateral epicondyle, medial epicondyle, patellar surface). ... Femur. head of femur (fovea capitis femoris) · neck of femur · greater trochanter · trochanteric fossa · lesser trochanter · ... tubercle of the femur · intertrochanteric line · intertrochanteric crest · linea quadrata body (linea aspera, third trochanter ...
... patellar surface of femur). The proportion of hyaluronan to total uronic acid (mainly from aggrecan) remained unchanged because ... In the remobilised joint, this ratio was restored in femur, while in tibia it remained at a level lower than controls. Neither ... However, very local properties of cell surfaces have not been characterized earlier. The goal of this study was to develop an ... Intense immunostaining was observed in the areas of OA lesions, specifically, at sites of osteophyte formation and surface ...
... performing the puncture towards the joint surface of the femur.. Experimental groups. Each group was composed of five animals ... The bevel of the needle was positioned medially to the patellar ligament, ...
The femur is the only bone located within the human thigh. It is both the longest and the strongest bone in the human body, ... The patellar surface is the groove where the bone adjoins with the patella, or kneecap. The epicondyles and trochanters are all ... Important features of this bone include the head, medial and lateral condyles, patellar surface, medial and lateral epicondyles ... The femur is the only bone located within the human thigh. It is both the longest and the strongest bone in the human body, ...
The cut guide support and support engaging element cooperate to position the cut plane in relative to the first surface. ... The spacer has a first surface engageable with the cut distal femoral bone and a second surface opposite the first surface ... Furthermore, the trochlear, or patellar bearing, surface of the femur is typically left intact in a unicondylar procedure. ... and a portion 56 of the distal femur 52 is resected. The resection is oriented so that the cut surface 58 of the distal femur ...
A branch from this vessel crosses above the patellar surface of the femur, forming an anastomotic arch with the lateral ...
... and a patellar spline present on the anterior surface of the distal end; manual unguals with triangular lateral splines; pubis ... Both femur and tibia measured over 1 m (3.3 ft) in length, an unusual trait among giant theropods. The lower jaws were ... Along the lateral surfaces of this bone, some nutrient foramina can be found, which likely supported a rhamphotheca. Both ... This is contrasted by Gigantoraptor with both femur and tibia being over 1 m (3.3 ft), a combination that is not usually found ...
... osteophytes at the superior margin of the patellar articular surface of the femur, and popliteal loose bodies were detected ... irregularity and discontinuity of the articular surfaces; coarsened bone striation below the articular surface, trabecular ...
  • The patellar ligament connects the patella to the tibial tuberosity on the anterior surface of the tibia, so that anterior. (innerbody.com)
  • The model developed in this study includes long bones (tibia, fibula, femur) and flat bone (patella) as deformable bodies. (sae.org)
  • Distally the femur connects with the tibia and patella . (everything2.com)
  • The head of the femur articulates with the acetabulum in the pelvic bone forming the hip joint, while the distal part of the femur articulates with the tibia and kneecap forming the knee joint. (wikipedia.org)
  • The _______ is formed by the long axes of the femur and the tibia and reflects the natural valgus attitude of the knee. (brainscape.com)
  • Deep infrapatellar bursa - between patellar tendon and the tibia - superficial or subcutaneous infrapatellar bursa - "vicar's knee) - located between the skin and the tibial tuberosity. (brainscape.com)
  • The knee joint is formed where the thighbone ( femur ) meets the shinbone ( tibia ). (eorthopod.com)
  • The tibial component (bottom portion) replaces the top surface of the lower bone, the tibia. (eorthopod.com)
  • The knee joint is composed of three bones - the femur (or thigh bone), the tibia (or shin bone), and the patella (or kneecap). (arthroscopy.com)
  • The patellar tendon goes from the bottom of the patella to the front of the tibia known as the tibial tubercle. (arthroscopy.com)
  • Both femur and tibia measured over 1 m (3.3 ft) in length, an unusual trait among giant theropods. (wikipedia.org)
  • A patellar dislocation associated with a fracture of the proximal tibia or distal femur should not be reduced in this manner. (medscape.com)
  • These menisci absorb the shock of the body weight jostling up and down on the knee joint and prevent the femur from rocking from side to side on the tibia. (rrnursingschool.biz)
  • These are named according to whether they attach to the anterior or posterior side of the tibia, not for their attachments to the femur. (rrnursingschool.biz)
  • The PCL prevents the femur from sliding off the front of the tibia and prevents the tibia from being displaced backward. (rrnursingschool.biz)
  • When the knee is extended to the fullest degree allowed by the ACL, the femur rotates medially on the tibia. (rrnursingschool.biz)
  • The tibiofemoral joint , formed between the tibia and the femur. (kenhub.com)
  • The knee comprises of 4 major bones: the femur, tibia, fibula and the patella. (physio-pedia.com)
  • This may lead to overuse injuries of the knee due to malalignment of the femur in relation to the patella and tibia. (physio-pedia.com)
  • An orientation image shows the arthritic damage to the articular surfaces of the femur, patella, tibia, and meniscus. (smartimagebase.com)
  • After the patellar track is formed, the external surface of the bracket articulates with a proximal aspect of the tibia during interoperative trial reduction of the knee joint. (patentgenius.com)
  • It passes posteriorly from the intercondylar fossa and attaches laterally on the tibia to prevent anterior displacement of the tibia over the femur. (brainscape.com)
  • It passes anteriorly from the intercondylar fossa to the medial tibia to prevent posterior displacement of the tibia against the femur. (brainscape.com)
  • Osteology of the foot and intrinsic muscles of the back (.pptx file, added 24/03/2019) Login to view Osteology of the femur ( .pptx file , added 24/03/2019) Login to view Osteology of tibia, fibula and patella and popliteal fossa ( .pptx file , added 22/03/2019) Login to view II. (feministlawprofessors.com)
  • medial lateral Short Head of Biceps Originates from the - Linea Aspera - Lateral Supracondylar Ridge Inserts onto proximal Fibula and Tibia Posterior Aspect Femoral Shaftright femur Short Head 109. (feministlawprofessors.com)
  • The knee joint socket consists of the slightly concave condyles of the tibia and the articular surface of patella, whereas its head is formed with the convex condyles of the femur. (joints-health.co.uk)
  • The weight-bearing femur sits on top of the tibia and the smaller fibula that is on the outside of the lower leg. (robertsonfamilychiro.com)
  • Most of the weight is transferred from the femur to the tibia. (robertsonfamilychiro.com)
  • articulatio genus ) is a hinge joint that is formed between three bones: the femur, the tibia and the patella. (anatomy.net)
  • Tibiofemoral articulation, where the articular surface of the medial and lateral condyles of the femur articulate with the articular surface of the superior medial and lateral condyles of the tibia. (anatomy.net)
  • The deep infrapatellar bursa - between the patellar ligament and the anterior surface of the tibia. (anatomy.net)
  • extends from the inner surface of the lateral condyle of the femur to the anterior intercondylar area of the tibia. (anatomy.net)
  • passes from the medial epicondyle of the femur to the medial condyle and surface of the body of the tibia. (anatomy.net)
  • lig.popliteum obliquum ) is on the posterior surface and extends from the lateral condyle of the femur to the medial condyle of the tibia. (anatomy.net)
  • Articulation of the Knee Joint: The knee joint is formed by the articulation of the condyles of the femur above and the condyles of the tibia and their menisci below. (radiologydefinition.com)
  • The ACL is located in the center of the knee joint where it runs from the backside of the femur (thighbone) to the front of the tibia (shinbone). (orthogate.org)
  • The ACL runs through a special notch in the femur called the intercondylar notch and attaches to a special area of the tibia called the tibial spine . (orthogate.org)
  • The main goal of ACL surgery is to keep the tibia from moving too far forward under the femur bone and to get the knee functioning normally again. (orthogate.org)
  • Arthritis of the knee is a disease which wears away the cartilage between the femur (thigh bone) and the tibia (shin bone) causing the two bones to scrape against each other, raw bone on raw bone. (doctornate.com)
  • It can be a ligament because it connects the femur with the patella and the tibia and a tendon because it joins the quadriceps femoris and parts of the gastrocenimus. (writework.com)
  • The medial and lateral parts of the tendon of the quadriceps femoris pass down on both sides of the patella, and continue into the upper extremity of the tibia where the patellar ligament meets the tuberosity. (writework.com)
  • Patellar tendonitis is a condition that is depicted as an injury affecting the tendons that connects the patella or kneecap to the tibia or shinbone. (writework.com)
  • Jumper's knee, also known as patellar tendonitis, is a condition characterized by inflammation of the patellar tendon, which connects the kneecap to shin bone (tibia). (rochester.edu)
  • Unfortunately or fortunately, the tibia plateau surface does not provide enough support or surface area for the condyles, so the body invented the meniscus. (stephanie-spencer.com)
  • The femur conducts body weight from the hip bone to the tibia in standing position. (earthslab.com)
  • The quadriceps femoris tendon extends from the anterior muscle of the thigh (the quadriceps femoris) to the patella, and it continues as the patellar ligament from the patella to the tibia. (americorpshealth.biz)
  • The condyles of the tibia articulate with those of the femur. (americorpshealth.biz)
  • The rough anterior surface of the tibia, the tibial tuberosity, can be palpated just below the patella. (americorpshealth.biz)
  • The head of the femur articulates with the acetabulum in the pelvic bone forming the hip joint , while the distal part of the femur articulates with the tibia and patella forming the knee joint . (gutenberg.us)
  • The knee joint is formed where the thigh bone (femur) meets the shin bone (tibia). (nikhilpradhan.co.uk)
  • Chondromalacia patellae, an overload injury is caused by malalignment of the femur to patellae and tibia. (cbphysiotherapy.in)
  • The patella itself is a triangular bone attached on one end to the quadriceps muscles via the quadriceps tendon and attached on the other end to the top of the tibia via the patellar tendon. (runningwritings.com)
  • The reported LOGISMOS framework provides robust and accurate segmentation of the knee joint bone and cartilage surfaces of the femur, tibia, and patella. (uiowa.edu)
  • its lateral surface is concave and is talocalcaneal ligament. (bionity.com)
  • The anterior surface of the coccyx provides attachment for the anterior sacrococcygeal ligament and the levator ani and supports part of the rectum. (visiblebody.com)
  • The patella and patellar ligament also form a gliding patellofemoral joint with the femur. (rrnursingschool.biz)
  • The anterior aspect is covered by the patellar ligament and the lateral and medial patellar retinacula (not illustrated). (rrnursingschool.biz)
  • The presence of a functioning posterior cruciate ligament and the design parameters of a total knee arthroplasty, such as trochlear groove alignment and cam-post configuration, can have a major effect on patellar biomechanics. (ovid.com)
  • The extensor mechanism of the knee consists of the quadriceps muscle group, quadriceps tendon, patella, patellar retinaculum, patellar ligament, and adjacent soft tissues. (medscape.com)
  • The patellar tendon, occasionally termed the patellar ligament, originates at the inferior pole of the patella and inserts onto the tibial tuberosity. (medscape.com)
  • It does not re-surface the outside (lateral) part of the knee and allows for the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and posterior cruciate ligament to be retained. (bonesmart.org)
  • Posterior surface contains 2 articular facets Patellar ligament attaches the patella to the tibial tuberosity Patellofemoral joint - between the posterior surface of the patella and … By Looks like you've clipped this slide to already. (feministlawprofessors.com)
  • is on the posterior surface and passes from the head of the fibula to the oblique popliteal ligament. (anatomy.net)
  • The patellar ligament (lig.patellae) is the continuation of the tendon of the quadriceps femoris muscle. (anatomy.net)
  • Insertion: common tendon of quadratus muscles, tibial tuberosity via patellar ligament. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • This essay is about the patella tendon or patella ligament and the injury to it called Patellar Tendonitis. (writework.com)
  • The patellar ligament is a strong, flat, ligamentous band, about 8 cm in length. (writework.com)
  • The patellar ligament functions primarily to assist the lower leg muscles, allowing movement. (writework.com)
  • Other symptoms that make people more prone are raised kneecaps, leg misalignments, tightness in the leg muscles, and continued stress on the patellar tendon, or ligament. (writework.com)
  • Terms that doctors sometimes use to describe chronic patellar tendinitis that further causes the deterioration of the patellar ligament include patellar tendinopathy and patellar tendinosis. (writework.com)
  • It presents a small pit, the fovea, just below and behind the center, which gives connection to the ligament of the head of femur (ligamentum teres femoris). (earthslab.com)
  • The fovea capitis is a minor indentation on the medial side of the femoral head that serves as the site of attachment for the ligament of the head of the femur . (opentextbc.ca)
  • This ligament spans the femur and acetabulum, but is weak and provides little support for the hip joint. (opentextbc.ca)
  • A ligament extends from the acetabulum to a pit, the fovea capitis67 (FOE-vee-uh CAP-ih-tiss), in the head of the femur. (americorpshealth.biz)
  • The distal end of the femur flares into medial and lateral epicondyles, which serve as sites of muscle and ligament attachment. (americorpshealth.biz)
  • This is where the patellar ligament inserts and the thigh muscles exert their pull when they extend the leg. (americorpshealth.biz)
  • Significant advances in surgical reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) have been made since Jones' described open reconstruction with the central one-third patellar tendon in 1963.29 Advancements in technology, arthroscopic instrumentation, and surgical skills have decreased surgical morbidity while improving functional outcome. (thesportjournal.org)
  • The femur is the long bone between the hip and the knee. (sciencephoto.com)
  • The femur is the largest and heaviest bone. (sciencephoto.com)
  • The femur is the longest bone in the body, and makes up one quarter of an individual's height. (everything2.com)
  • The femur articulates proximally with the innominate , or hip bone, at the acetabulum--the socket part of this ball and socket joint. (everything2.com)
  • the intertrochanteric line and the linea aspera are nearly on opposite sides of the femur, and in connecting these two features, the spiral line is curves around and down the bone. (everything2.com)
  • The femur (/ˈfiːmər/, pl. femurs or femora /ˈfɛmərə, ˈfɛmrə/) or thigh bone, is the most proximal (closest to the hip joint) bone of the leg in tetrapod vertebrates capable of walking or jumping, such as most land mammals, birds, many reptiles such as lizards, and amphibians such as frogs. (wikipedia.org)
  • By most measures the femur is the strongest bone in the body. (wikipedia.org)
  • The femur is also the longest bone in the human body. (wikipedia.org)
  • The femur is the only bone in the leg. (wikipedia.org)
  • The femur is the longest and, by most measures, the strongest bone in the human body. (wikipedia.org)
  • The femur is categorised as a long bone and comprises a diaphysis (shaft or body) and two epiphyses (extremities) that articulate with adjacent bones in the hip and knee. (wikipedia.org)
  • The head of the femur, which articulates with the acetabulum of the pelvic bone, comprises two-thirds of a sphere. (wikipedia.org)
  • The femoral component (top portion) replaces the bottom surface of the upper bone (the femur) and the groove where the patella fits. (eorthopod.com)
  • Medically, the kneecap is known as the patella and the thigh bone is called the femur. (arthroscopy.com)
  • We dislocated the patella laterally to expose the articular surface of the patellar groove of femur bone. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • [1] The largest bone in the human body, the femur , is in the leg. (bionity.com)
  • The femur is the only bone located within the human thigh. (healthline.com)
  • Important features of this bone include the head, medial and lateral condyles, patellar surface, medial and lateral epicondyles, and greater and lesser trochanters. (healthline.com)
  • The patellar surface is the groove where the bone adjoins with the patella, or kneecap. (healthline.com)
  • The femur, or thighbone, is the longest and largest bone in the human body. (healthline.com)
  • Along the lateral surfaces of this bone, some nutrient foramina can be found, which likely supported a rhamphotheca. (wikipedia.org)
  • Early signs of aggressive bone turnover were observed on the outer bone surfaces by high-resolution microcomputed tomography (microCT). (hindawi.com)
  • With a patellar dislocation, the patella (kneecap) pops out of its usual place in the groove at the end of the femur (thigh bone). (luriechildrens.org)
  • In some cases, there may be injury to the soft cartilage (soft bone) surface overlying the patella or femur. (luriechildrens.org)
  • The physician will generally obtain x-rays to look at the shape of the kneecap and patellar groove, to evaluate for small chips of bone which may have dislodged with injury, and to rule out fractures of the kneecap or thigh bone. (luriechildrens.org)
  • This distribution pattern of bone marrow oedema added to the soft tissue injury, overall features are impressive of transient patellar dislocation injury. (radiopaedia.org)
  • The patella shows moderate bone marrow oedema along its medial articular surface, that also shows mild angulation of its bone cortex, suggesting mild compression fracture with altered signal of the corresponding overlying retropatellar cartilage. (radiopaedia.org)
  • The patella shows moderate bone marrow oedema along its medial articular surface. (radiopaedia.org)
  • Bone marrow oedema in almost contralateral articular bone surfaces of the patella and femur (medial and lateral articular surfaces) are alarming signs of transient patellar dislocation injury pattern. (radiopaedia.org)
  • Methods and devices for sculpting bones, particularly in preparation for implanting prosthetic devices to replace articulating bone joint surfaces. (google.com)
  • PFPS is an overuse injury caused by constant contact of the underside surface of the patella (knee cap) with the femur (thigh bone). (breakingmuscle.com)
  • The articular cartilage of the posterior surface of the patella is going though degenerative changes [2] which manifests as a softening, swelling, fraying, and erosion of the hyaline cartilage underlying the patella and sclerosis of underlying bone. (physio-pedia.com)
  • The implant comprises a modular bracket defining a structure having an internal surface adapted to be seated on the distal aspect of a resected femur bone and an external surface with a shape resembling the normal distal condyle of the femur. (patentgenius.com)
  • The bracket has a elongated central opening appointed to expose the resected bone of the femur, including a pair of tracks for guiding a tool along a predetermined path for controlled shaping of a patellar groove in the bone exposed through the opening. (patentgenius.com)
  • This invention generally concerns orthopedic surgical devices, particularly instrumentation used in preparing a distal femoral bone surface to receive a posterior-stabilized condylar prosthesis, as well as a method of using such instrumentation. (patentgenius.com)
  • The advantage of a partial knee implant is that only the damaged cartilage and bone from the weight bearing portion of the femur is removed. (bonesmart.org)
  • For this reason, it is sometimes referred to as a bone-patellar-tendon-bone graft . (orthogate.org)
  • The body treats the contact of these two bony surfaces as it would a broken bone. (orthogate.org)
  • Healing at the bone-to-bone surface fixes the patellar tendon graft in place. (orthogate.org)
  • The upper leg is formed by the femur (or thigh bone), the heaviest and strongest bone in the body which runs from the hip joint to the knee. (ossurwebshop.co.uk)
  • The patella also known as the kneecap is a fat circular triangular bone which articulates with the femur thigh bone and covers and protects the anterior articular surface of the knee joint. (iod.com.ua)
  • Anatomy Distal Femur â ¢ Femur transitions from cylinder to condyles â ¢ Medial condyle extends further inferior â ¢ Cancellous bone â ¢ Trapezoidal shape What This Means for Fixation Avoid notch and concomitant injury to cruciate ligaments Avoid penetration of medial cortex with anterior screws â ¢X â ¢X Deforming forces â ¢ â ¦ Skeletal+System+Powerpoint. (iod.com.ua)
  • Another key component of bone â ¦ The femur is the longest bone in â ¦ The Skeletal System. (iod.com.ua)
  • Adults â ¦ The femur or thigh bone is one of the longest bones in the human body. (iod.com.ua)
  • Femur Epiphyses Compact Bone Spongy Bone 6 Epiphyseal Growth Plate. (iod.com.ua)
  • Proximally, the femur articulates with the pelvic bone. (iod.com.ua)
  • The hip joint is a ball-and-socket type joint and is formed where the thigh bone (femur) meets the pelvis. (iod.com.ua)
  • Functional Anatomy and Biomechanics The Femur, an Example of a Long Bone The Skeleton A Diarthrodial, or Synovial, Joint Movements A common name for the femur is the thigh bone. (iod.com.ua)
  • The femur is the only bone in the thigh and the longest bone in the body. (iod.com.ua)
  • The femur is known as a long bone. (iod.com.ua)
  • The tibial component is usually made of two parts: a metal tray that is attached directly to the bone, and a plastic spacer that provides the slick surface. (midwestbonejoint.com)
  • Runner's knee, also known as patellofemoral stress syndrome, is when the patella, or kneecap, does not move well in the groove of the femur (thigh bone). (rochester.edu)
  • The femur is the long bone and is composed of 3 parts: upper end, shaft, and lower end. (earthslab.com)
  • The shape of femur departs markedly from other long bones in the meaning the long axis of head and neck projects superomedially at an angle to the long axis of the shaft of bone. (earthslab.com)
  • The femur is the single bone of the thigh. (opentextbc.ca)
  • The femur, or thigh bone, is the single bone of the thigh region ( Figure 1 ). (opentextbc.ca)
  • The rounded, proximal end is the head of the femur , which articulates with the acetabulum of the hip bone to form the hip joint . (opentextbc.ca)
  • 1. The femoral region, or thigh, extends from hip to knee and contains the femur (the longest bone in the body). (americorpshealth.biz)
  • Each bone, when healthy, has cartilage on its surface. (jeffreybergmd.com)
  • The major problem in osteoarthritis is that the cartilage (the articular cartilage) on the surface of the bone inside the joint wears away. (drmaffet.com)
  • This results in bone rubbing against bone, the slick protective surface of the articular cartilage is absent. (drmaffet.com)
  • The femur ( / ˈ f iː m ər / , pl. femurs or femora / ˈ f ɛ m ər ə / ) [1] [2] or thigh bone , is the proximal bone of the hindlimb in tetrapod vertebrates . (hitchhikersgui.de)
  • In females the femora converge more than in males because the pelvic bone is wider in females. (infogalactic.com)
  • The femur is categorised as a long bone and comprises a diaphysis , the shaft (or body) and two epiphysis or extremities that articulate with adjacent bones in the hip and knee. (infogalactic.com)
  • Chondromalacia is the affliction of hyaline cartilage coating of the articular surface of the bone. (cbphysiotherapy.in)
  • The indented area between the condyles is the patellar surface, which houses the kneecap (patella). (sciencephoto.com)
  • The kneecap is the patella and patellar while the back of the knee is the popliteus and popliteal area. (wikipedia.org)
  • The patellar (kneecap) portion of the prosthesis is commonly cemented into place. (eorthopod.com)
  • When tracking problems occur, the kneecap develops an abnormal set of biomechanics that results in abnormally increased pressure on the underside of the patella (patellar articular surface). (arthroscopy.com)
  • However, if it begins to move towards one side of the groove, the amount of pressure on the underside of the kneecap (patellar articular surface), changes. (arthroscopy.com)
  • What Are the Symptoms of Patellar (Kneecap) Dislocation? (luriechildrens.org)
  • How Is Patellar (Kneecap) Dislocation Diagnosed? (luriechildrens.org)
  • They will carefully examine the knee and observe how the kneecap moves in the patellar groove and evaluate the ligaments, tendons and muscles of the knee. (luriechildrens.org)
  • After a patellar dislocation, the kneecap will often return to its normal position spontaneously. (luriechildrens.org)
  • The knee has three compartments: an inside (medial), outside (lateral), and a front (patellar) compartment for the kneecap. (bonesmart.org)
  • The patellar 'button' is a dome-shaped piece of ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylene that replicates the surface of the kneecap. (bonesmart.org)
  • This injury most commonly results in patellar tendonitis, which can cause severe pain around the kneecap without proper treatment. (robertsonfamilychiro.com)
  • The difference between this and runner's knee is that with chondromalacia patella, the cartilage under the kneecap is damaged, with runner's knee the cartilage on the femur is damaged. (robertsonfamilychiro.com)
  • The surgeon takes out the middle section of the patellar tendon below the kneecap ( patella ). (orthogate.org)
  • The patellar component (kneecap portion) replaces the surface of the patella where it glides in the groove on the femur. (midwestbonejoint.com)
  • The patella is the kneecap and articulates with the distal femur. (opentextbc.ca)
  • Patellar instability describes the kneecap sliding out of the joint either completely (dislocation) or partially (subluxation). (jeffreybergmd.com)
  • The V-shape of this groove usually matches the shape of the patellar undersurface and by doing so provides some stability to the kneecap joint. (jeffreybergmd.com)
  • As the kneecap slips out of the joint or as it slips back in, it often strikes the end of the femur. (jeffreybergmd.com)
  • Vastus medialis obliquus all join with the patellar tendon. (brainscape.com)
  • Thus, the purpose of our longitudinal study was to investigate the mechanical properties of the patellar tendon in different stages of pregnancy and postpartum. (frontiersin.org)
  • Muscle strength and mechanical properties of the patellar tendon were determined integrating ultrasound, kinematic, and electromyographic measurements. (frontiersin.org)
  • In pregnant women, measurements were performed in the 16 ± 4th week of pregnancy (EP), the 29 ± 4th week of pregnancy (LP) and 32 ± 9th weeks postpartum (PP). On average, muscle strength as well as patellar tendon stiffness, force, and relative strain did not change during pregnancy and did not differ from non-pregnant controls. (frontiersin.org)
  • Our results indicate that patellar tendon stiffness is not universally affected by pregnancy. (frontiersin.org)
  • The quadriceps tendon has been cut and folded (reflected) downward to expose the joint cavity and the posterior surface of the patella. (rrnursingschool.biz)
  • The patellar tendon is invested in a paratenon of loose fibrillar tissue. (medscape.com)
  • The standard operation to fix a torn ACL is with a patellar tendon graft . (orthogate.org)
  • The patellar tendon graft has proven to be one of the strongest for ACL reconstruction. (orthogate.org)
  • The patellar tendon is a thick and strong band of connective tissue on the front of the knee. (orthogate.org)
  • When using the patellar tendon as an ACL graft, surgeons remove a strip from the middle of it. (orthogate.org)
  • Many surgeons prefer to use the patellar tendon when reconstructing the ACL. (orthogate.org)
  • Some people develop patellar tendonitis after already sustaining an injury to the tendon, and not allowing enough healing time. (writework.com)
  • What Is A Patellar Tendon Tear? (jeffreybergmd.com)
  • Recently patellar tendon injuries have been in the news. (jeffreybergmd.com)
  • Currently, the most commonly utilized tissues for ACL reconstruction are autologous semitendinous/gracilis tendons (ST-G), central one-third patellar tendon (B-PT-B), and allograft patellar tendon. (thesportjournal.org)
  • Based upon its proven efficacy, the central 1/3 autologous patellar tendon is considered by a large number of orthopaedic surgeons to be the graft of choice in the symptomatic ACL-deficient patient. (thesportjournal.org)
  • 8, 21, 34, 47 Proponents of the CQT cite it's greater cross-sectional area, lower strain at failure, and lower modulus of elasticity when compared to patellar tendon. (thesportjournal.org)
  • The patellar tendon is also a common injury location, and patellar tendonitis was covered in an earlier installment in the Injury Series posts. (runningwritings.com)
  • and (c) means for guiding a second tool for forming a deep recess in the distal femur to accommodate an intercondylar housing of a posterior-stabilized femoral component. (patentgenius.com)
  • As the piriformis muscle approaches its insertion on the greater trochanter of the femur, it gradually tapers to a point, giving it a pear-like shape. (innerbody.com)
  • The vastus lateralis muscle arises from widespread origins on the greater trochanter of the femur and on the linea aspera on the posterior side of the femur. (innerbody.com)
  • The neck of the femur is shaped like a truncated pyramid, with the head at the narrow end and the greater trochanter at the wider base. (everything2.com)
  • The greater trochanter is also a traction epiphysis, for Glueteus Medius , which moves the femur upward, medially, and backward. (everything2.com)
  • The greater trochanter is almost box-shaped and is the most lateral prominent of the femur. (wikipedia.org)
  • The trochanteric fossa is a deep depression bounded posteriorly by the intertrochanteric crest on medial surface of the greater trochanter. (wikipedia.org)
  • The size of the tubercle varies and it is not always located on the intertrochanteric crest and that also adjacent areas can be part of the quadrate tubercel, such as the posterior surface of the greater trochanter or the neck of the femur. (wikipedia.org)
  • Multiple muscles that act across the hip joint attach to the greater trochanter, which, because of its projection from the femur, gives additional leverage to these muscles. (opentextbc.ca)
  • Illustration of human femurs (thigh bones). (sciencephoto.com)
  • Front of thorax , showing surface relations of bones , lungs (purple), pleura (blue), and heart (red outline). (wikipedia.org)
  • Human females have wider pelvic bones, causing their femora to converge more than in males. (wikipedia.org)
  • A smooth cushion of articular cartilage covers the end surfaces of both of these bones so that they slide against one another smoothly. (eorthopod.com)
  • Often individuals who sustain this type of injury have a particular structure of the bones such as a shallow or uneven groove for the patella or a patella that sits a little high on the femur (patella alta), which make dislocation more likely. (luriechildrens.org)
  • It is also found between the vertebrae and at the ends of bones like the femur. (visiblebody.com)
  • Memorize the articulating bones and their respective articulating surfaces. (kenhub.com)
  • Femoral anteversion [13] or medial torsion of the femur is a condition which changes the alignment of the bones at the knee. (physio-pedia.com)
  • The proximal end of these bones is provided with proximal epiphysis which articulates with the condyles of the femur. (feministlawprofessors.com)
  • The menisci provide a smooth surface and protect the bones from damage. (anatomy.net)
  • The femur has â ¦ 9 Cells in Bones â ¦ Lower limb anatomy includes the foot, leg, thigh, and gluteal region. (iod.com.ua)
  • Watch & Learn about Bones of Upper and Lower Limb in my channel playlist View and Download PowerPoint Presentations on Femur Anatomy PPT. (iod.com.ua)
  • As the knee moves, the patella glides across the front of the knee joint in a shallow groove on the front of the femur which is known as the trochlear groove of the femur. (arthroscopy.com)
  • Basically, all of the above diagnoses refer to a biomechanical abnormality of the joint space between the patella and the trochlear groove of the femur. (arthroscopy.com)
  • When all of these forces are in proper alignment, the patella is centered in the trochlear groove of the femur. (arthroscopy.com)
  • There is a wide variation in the design features of current total knee prostheses, such as the sagittal radius, depth, and orientation of the trochlear groove of the femur and the geometry of the patellar component surface. (ovid.com)
  • The articular surface, which can have a variable contour, articulates with the trochlear groove of the femur. (medscape.com)
  • The surface on the back of the patella is covered with articular cartilage. (eorthopod.com)
  • Damage to Type II Collagen in Aging and Osteoarthritis Starts at the Articular Surface , Originates Around Chondrocytes and Extends into the Cartilage with Progressive Degeneration," J. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • In the patella, most of the noncalcified cartilage stained for type X collagen, whereas, in the patellar surface of the femur, it was present mainly in the femoral groove close to cartilage surface. (diva-portal.org)
  • In tibial condyles, type X collagen was often observed close to the cartilage surface in medial parts of the condyles, although staining could also be seen in the deep zone of the cartilage. (diva-portal.org)
  • The aim of this study was to evaluate the biomechanical behaviour of the repaired surfaces of defective articular cartilage in the patellar groove of rabbit femur after a pulsed low level Gallium-Arsenide (GA-AS) laser irradiation. (sid.ir)
  • The average thickness of normal patellar groove cartilage in the normal limb of both groups was detected (0.4 ± 03). (sid.ir)
  • Hence chondromalacia patellae is a softening of the articular cartilage on the posterior surface of the patella which may eventually lead to fibrillation, fissuring and erosion. (physio-pedia.com)
  • Only a portion of the patellar cartilage articulates with the femoral trochlea at any one time. (medscape.com)
  • Underneath the patella is another layer of cartilage which faces the front of the femur. (robertsonfamilychiro.com)
  • The femur is also covered in hyaline cartilage which allows the patella the glide up and down the femur. (robertsonfamilychiro.com)
  • Patella femoral syndrome is when the cartilage on the femur is damaged. (robertsonfamilychiro.com)
  • There was significant variability in the histologic and mechanical properties of these samples that correlated strongly with the gross appearance of the cartilage surface but not with the lesion size. (biomedsearch.com)
  • As mentioned earlier, the common assumption for a long time was that PFPS was caused by chondromalacia or a softening of the cartilage on the patellar surface brought about by improper patellar tracking. (runningwritings.com)
  • Although trained on only a small number of nine example images, this system achieved good performance as judged by Dice Similarity Coefficients (DSC) using a leave-one-out test, with DSC values of 0.84+-0.04, 0.80+-0.04 and 0.80+-0.04 for the femoral, tibial, and patellar cartilage regions, respectively. (uiowa.edu)
  • Similarly, very low signed mean cartilage thickness errors were observed when compared to manually-traced independent standard in 60 randomly selected 3D MR image datasets from the Osteoarthritis Initiative database - 0.11+-0.24, 0.05+-0.23, and 0.03+-0.17 mm for the femoral, tibial, and patellar cartilage thickness, respectively. (uiowa.edu)
  • The patellofemoral joint , formed between the patella and the femur. (kenhub.com)
  • The differential diagnosis of chondromalacia include patellofemoral pain syndrome and patellar tendinopathy . (physio-pedia.com)
  • This model predicted substantial reduction in patellofemoral lateral shear forces with a medialized patellar component or with external rotation of the femur. (ovid.com)
  • Patellofemoral complications after total knee arthroplasty include anterior knee pain, patellar subluxation and dislocation, abnormal polyethylene wear and damage, and loosening. (ovid.com)
  • The patellar retinaculum is an important soft tissue stabilizer of the patellofemoral joint. (medscape.com)
  • Patellofemoral articulation, where the patellar surface of the femur articulates with the articular surface of the patella. (anatomy.net)
  • Lateral patellar compression syndrome (LPCS) is a syndrome caused by abnormally high pressure in the lateral patellofemoral joint, and it is secondary to non-dislocation of the long-term patellar ectopic, contracture of the medial patellar retinaculum, or fibrosis of the lateral retinaculum. (biomedcentral.com)
  • For early and mid-term LPCS, the main treatment is open or arthroscopic lateral retinacular release which can restore the patellofemoral joint and correct patellar tilt and thus reduce the pressure of the articular surface of the patella and relieve symptoms. (biomedcentral.com)
  • We hypothesized that arthroscopic repair of patellar morphology without injury to the lateral support band can change the relationship of the patellofemoral joint and avoid the occurrence of the above complications. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Patellar grind test or Clark's sign - The test detects the presence of patellofemoral joint disorder. (cbphysiotherapy.in)
  • Contraction of the vastus lateralis draws the patella towards the anterior surface of the femur. (innerbody.com)
  • 9 . The process of claim 6 , wherein the planar surface is one or more of an anterior femoral cut surface, a posterior femoral cut surface, a distal femoral cut surface, an anterior chamfer cut surface, or a posterior chamfer cut surface. (google.es)
  • its anterior articular or navicular surface is large, oval, and convex. (bionity.com)
  • the lateral, named the anterior calcaneal articular surface, is somewhat flattened, and articulates with the facet on the upper surface of the anterior part of the calcaneus. (bionity.com)
  • Limit anterior tibial translation also prevents backward sliding of the femur and hyperextension of the knee. (brainscape.com)
  • lateral & medial condyles, lateral & medial epicondyles, adductor tubercle and intercondylar fossa (posterior) & patellar surface (anterior). (memorize.com)
  • The anterior-to-posterior dimension of the patellar prosthesis is 1.1 cm. (nyu.edu)
  • The subcutaneous prepatellar bursa - between the skin and anterior surface of the patella. (anatomy.net)
  • Origin: anterior and lateral sides of proximal femur. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • They were significantly positively correlated with the grades of patellar lesions and lesions of the patellar surface of the femur and significantly negatively correlated with the grades of lesions of posterior horn of lateral meniscus and anterior horn of medial meniscus. (springeropen.com)
  • The neck presents 2 edges- upper and lower, and 2 surfaces- anterior and posterior. (earthslab.com)
  • Running between the greater and lesser trochanters on the anterior side of the femur is the roughened intertrochanteric line . (opentextbc.ca)
  • The elongated shaft of the femur has a slight anterior bowing or curvature. (opentextbc.ca)
  • On the anterior side of the femur, a smooth medial depression called the patellar surface articulates with the patella. (americorpshealth.biz)
  • A method and apparatus for knee replacement surgery wherein a femoral provisional component is provided which corresponds to a permanent component to be implanted in a human and which includes means for establishing the correct fit and position of such a component, prior to its implantation, in relation to the soft tissues of the knee before final resection of the anterior femoral surface. (patents.com)
  • The provisional component further includes cutting guide means for such anterior surface resection such that accurate cuts may be made with the provisional component in place. (patents.com)
  • The lower end articulates with the knee joint at the lateral and medial condyles (knobs on either side of femur). (sciencephoto.com)
  • A branch from this vessel crosses above the patellar surface of the femur, forming an anastomotic arch with the lateral superior genicular artery, and supplying branches to the knee-joint. (wikipedia.org)
  • To learn about the articulating surfaces, ligaments, muscles and functions of the knee joint, watch the video below. (kenhub.com)
  • and securing the artificial knee joint prosthesis (prosthetics), including the patellar, femoral, and tibial components. (smartimagebase.com)
  • In a total knee replacement , each compartment of your diseased knee joint will be replaced with man-made components or implants, eliminating the damaged bearing surfaces that are causing pain. (bonesmart.org)
  • What are the articulating surfaces of the knee joint? (brainscape.com)
  • The surfaces forming the knee joint are covered with a thin layer of forbrocartilage, each known as the meniscus. (anatomy.net)
  • The extracapsular ligaments are continuous with the outer surface of the knee joint capsule. (anatomy.net)
  • The dorsal surface of the "ligamentum patellà ¦" is kept away from the synovial membrane of the knee joint by a large infrapatellar padding of fat. (writework.com)
  • The condition may be caused by overuse of the knee joint, such as frequent jumping on hard surfaces. (rochester.edu)
  • Distal to these are two smooth round surfaces of the knee joint, the medial and lateral condyles, separated by a groove called the intercondylar (IN-tur-CON-dih-lur) fossa. (americorpshealth.biz)
  • For patients with LPCS, we considered that the force exerted on the surface of lateral patellar joint might increase with the flexion of the knee joint. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Multi-surface, multi-object optimal image segmentation: application in 3D knee joint imaged by MR." PhD (Doctor of Philosophy) thesis, University of Iowa, 2010. (uiowa.edu)
  • The lesser trochanter is a cone-shaped extension of the lowest part of the femur neck. (wikipedia.org)
  • It continues downward and medially below the lesser trochanter on the posterior aspect of femur as spiral line. (earthslab.com)
  • The lesser trochanter is a small, bony prominence that lies on the medial aspect of the femur, just below the neck. (opentextbc.ca)
  • For example, if the femur (thighbone) breaks where the prosthesis attaches, it may be easier to replace the femoral part of the artificial joint with a new piece that has a longer stem that can hold the fracture together while it heals. (eorthopod.com)
  • The distal surface of the femoral component includes two rails for engagement with a patellar prosthesis. (google.com)
  • The contour of the rails is either a straight line or a concave curve to provide line contact between the rails and the patellar prosthesis. (google.com)
  • In certain embodiments, the patellar prosthesis has a saddle-shaped surface so that the prosthesis and each of the rails can make contact over an area extending along the length of the rail. (google.com)
  • 4. The prosthetic joint of claim 2 further including a patellar prosthesis wherein the patellar prosthesis makes contact with each of the rails along a line which is transverse to the longitudinal axis of the rail. (google.com)
  • 5. The prosthetic joint of claim 3 further including a patellar prosthesis wherein the patellar prosthesis has a saddle-shaped surface and wherein, for at least a portion of the track, the patellar prosthesis makes contact with each of the rails over an area extending along the length of the rail. (google.com)
  • The model was validated by experimental testing of three cadaver knees implanted with a total knee prosthesis and a patellar force transducer. (ovid.com)
  • A polyethylene prosthesis will be cemented to the articular surface of the patella. (nyu.edu)
  • To unlock the knee, the popliteus muscle rotates the femur laterally and untwists the ligaments. (rrnursingschool.biz)
  • There is often sudden onset of pain and swelling associated with patellar dislocation. (luriechildrens.org)
  • Treatment for an initial patellar dislocation involves a stepwise process of rehabilitation. (luriechildrens.org)
  • The reported incidence of patellar dislocation is 5.8 per 100,000, but it may be as high as 29 per 100,000 in the adolescent population. (medscape.com)
  • [ 6 ] may increase the likelihood of lateral patellar dislocation. (medscape.com)
  • An immediate attempt at reduction should be made on any dislocation associated with vascular compromise of the distal extremity, though this is exceedingly uncommon in the setting of an isolated lateral patellar dislocation and should prompt further examination into possible concurrent injuries. (medscape.com)
  • Some surgeons have advocated surgical rather than nonsurgical intervention to treat patellar dislocation, out of concern for possible recurrence. (medscape.com)
  • A Cochrane review by Smith et al found that although there was some evidence that appeared to favor surgical management of primary patellar dislocation, the quality of the currently available evidence was too poor to allow any firm conclusions to be made. (medscape.com)
  • Osteochondral fractures may occur in the setting of patellar dislocation. (medscape.com)
  • Additionally, short- and long-term patellar partial dislocation and repetitive compressive or shearing forces increase the occurrence of PFPS. (breakingmuscle.com)
  • Lateral patellar dislocation (LPD) is subject to a constant advancement of biomechanical understanding and treatment modalities. (springer.com)
  • Value of the tibial tuberosity-trochlear groove distance in patellar instability in the young athlete. (medscape.com)
  • Mohammadinejad P, Shekarchi B. Value of CT scan-assessed tibial tuberosity-trochlear groove distance in identification of patellar instability. (medscape.com)
  • The proximal end of the femur also has several minor features. (everything2.com)
  • The head is supported by the neck, which projects obliquely from the proximal end of the femur.Lateral to the head is the roughened, proximally â ¦ Search for: The Lower Limb. (iod.com.ua)
  • The head of the femur (top) articulates with the acetabulum of the hip, forming a ball and socket joint. (sciencephoto.com)
  • The femur (FEE-mur) (fig. 8.38) has a nearly spherical head that articulates with the acetabulum of the pelvis, forming a quintessential ball-and-socket joint. (americorpshealth.biz)
  • they typically consist of a solid plastic or metal/plastic cap with a flat side attached to the patella and the opposite gliding, convex side facing the femur groove. (ophthalmologymanagement.com)
  • These rounded surfaces fit onto the slightly convex surfaces of the tibial plateau. (stephanie-spencer.com)
  • The shaft of the femur is gradually convex anteriorly with maximum convexity in the middle third where the shaft is narrowest. (earthslab.com)
  • Chondromalacia patellae (CMP) affects just one side of the joint, the convex patellar side with excised patella's show localized softening and degeneration of articular disc. (cbphysiotherapy.in)
  • At the front of the femur are a group of four muscles collectively known as the quadriceps, they help to straighten the knee for actions such as kicking a ball. (ossurwebshop.co.uk)
  • Among these are muscular imbalances in the leg, where stronger muscles such as the quadriceps femoris, pull harder on the patellar region. (writework.com)
  • At the physical therapist they will work on the knee joints flexibility and they will also work the muscles around the patellar region to strengthen them and provide less strain on it. (writework.com)
  • Both the head and neck of the femur is vastly embedded in the hip musculature and can not be directly palpated. (wikipedia.org)
  • This would involve replacing the hip socket and the head and neck of the femur joint. (verywellhealth.com)
  • These portions converge into what is called the capsule forming the medial and lateral patellar retinacula. (writework.com)
  • 2. The method of claim 1, wherein the plane of the resected distal surface is generally perpendicular to the mechanical axis of the femur. (google.es)
  • Data of this study indicate an association between tibial plateau configuration and internal femoral rotation in patients with lateral patellar instability and underlying trochlear dysplasia. (springer.com)
  • Arthroscopic lateral patelloplasty is an effective and minimal-invasive method for patients with lateral patellar impingement syndrome. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In skinny people with the thigh laterally rotated, the head of the femur can be felt deep as a resistance profound (deep) for the femoral artery. (wikipedia.org)
  • By displacing the patellae medially or laterally, the patellar margins and their articular surfaces may be felt. (cbphysiotherapy.in)
  • The invention relates to a method for reconstructing a femoral portion of a knee in a total knee replacement, the distal end of which has medial and lateral condyles and an intercondylar notch therebetween defining a distal patellar groove for the articulation of the patella with the femur during flexion. (google.es)
  • Hip joint â articulation with the head of femur. (iod.com.ua)
  • Implantable prostheses designed to replace the surface of the patella facing the groove on the femur at the articulation point. (ophthalmologymanagement.com)
  • The posterior surface, at the base, articulates with the sacrum by a fibrocartilage joint. (visiblebody.com)
  • The posterior surface (Fig. Lecture 2 - Osteology - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. (feministlawprofessors.com)
  • It is attached, at the top to apex and adjoining margins of the patella and the rough depression on its posterior surface. (writework.com)
  • It has a broad superior base, a pointed inferior apex, and a pair of shallow articular facets on its posterior surface where it articulates with the femur. (americorpshealth.biz)
  • The effects of femoral rollback, rotation of the femoral component, medialization of the patellar implant, and alignment of the trochlear groove on patellar forces were then analyzed. (ovid.com)
  • In a knee implant, the femoral component made of metal, curves up around the end of the femur (or thighbone). (bonesmart.org)
  • determining an appropriate size of a femoral component having a size and condyle thickness which will reconstruct the lateral condyle and position the distal patellar groove at about the same distal locations to approximate the anatomy of the natural knee being replaced and to position the medial condyle of the femoral component at the same distal position as the original lateral condyle. (google.es)
  • installing the selected femoral component on the resected distal surface whereby the installed femoral component has an intercondylar notch and distal patellar groove at the same general distal position as the original natural intercondylar notch and distal patellar groove being replaced. (google.es)
  • 4. The method of claim 3, wherein the femoral component has a thickness in the area of a patellar groove substantially equal to said predetermined distance so that the distal patellar groove of the femoral component is positioned at substantially the natural location of the distal patellar groove. (google.es)
  • The patellar attachment of the medial retinaculum shows increased girth with abnormal signal intensity, impressive of sprained or partially torn medial retinaculum. (radiopaedia.org)
  • Deep to the medial patellar retinaculum, there are 3 focal capsular thickenings. (medscape.com)
  • We notice that some patients had normal femoral trochlear, medial and lateral patellar retinaculum, and special patellar morphology, which resulted in a series of symptoms in the flexion of the knee due to the impingement of the lateral articular surface of the patella with the femur. (biomedcentral.com)
  • There are many causes of LPIS, including dysplasia of the femoral trochlear, abnormal patella and lateral retinaculum, and special patellar morphology. (biomedcentral.com)
  • What tuberosity is found on the posterior side of the femur? (memorize.com)
  • The trochanters are also connected on the posterior side of the femur by the larger intertrochanteric crest . (opentextbc.ca)
  • Angle of inclination of femur: It's an angle between the long axes of neck and shaft of the femur thus also named neck-shaft angle. (earthslab.com)
  • During surgical implantation of femoral condylar prostheses, it is typically necessary to utilize some type of tool to gauge whether or not the distal aspect of the femur has been properly sized to receive the condylar implant. (patentgenius.com)
  • In this article, we shall look at the anatomy of the femur â its attachments, bony landmarks, and clinical correlations. (iod.com.ua)
  • A tracking problem refers to the fact that the patella stays in place in front of the knee, but it no longer remains centered in the front part of the femur known as the trochlear groove. (arthroscopy.com)
  • The patella articulates with the femur at the trochlear groove. (physio-pedia.com)
  • The head of the femur is connected to the shaft through the neck or collum. (wikipedia.org)
  • Angle of femoral torsion: It's an angle between long axis of the head and neck of femur, and transverse axis of the femoral condyles. (earthslab.com)
  • The narrowed region below the head is the neck of the femur . (opentextbc.ca)
  • Where are epicondyles of the femur found and what is their purpose? (brainscape.com)