Bovine respiratory disease found in animals that have been shipped or exposed to CATTLE recently transported. The major agent responsible for the disease is MANNHEIMIA HAEMOLYTICA and less commonly, PASTEURELLA MULTOCIDA or HAEMOPHILUS SOMNUS. All three agents are normal inhabitants of the bovine nasal pharyngeal mucosa but not the LUNG. They are considered opportunistic pathogens following STRESS, PHYSIOLOGICAL and/or a viral infection. The resulting bacterial fibrinous BRONCHOPNEUMONIA is often fatal.
Infections with bacteria of the genus PASTEURELLA.
A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria normally commensal in the flora of CATTLE and SHEEP. But under conditions of physical or PHYSIOLOGICAL STRESS, it can cause MASTITIS in sheep and SHIPPING FEVER or ENZOOTIC CALF PNEUMONIA in cattle. Its former name was Pasteurella haemolytica.
The oldest recognized genus of the family PASTEURELLACEAE. It consists of several species. Its organisms occur most frequently as coccobacillus or rod-shaped and are gram-negative, nonmotile, facultative anaerobes. Species of this genus are found in both animals and humans.
A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria normally found in the flora of the mouth and respiratory tract of animals and birds. It causes shipping fever (see PASTEURELLOSIS, PNEUMONIC); HEMORRHAGIC BACTEREMIA; and intestinal disease in animals. In humans, disease usually arises from a wound infection following a bite or scratch from domesticated animals.
The etiologic agent of TULAREMIA in man and other warm-blooded animals.
Diseases of domestic cattle of the genus Bos. It includes diseases of cows, yaks, and zebus.
Inflammation of the lung parenchyma that is caused by a viral infection.
Granular leukocytes having a nucleus with three to five lobes connected by slender threads of chromatin, and cytoplasm containing fine inconspicuous granules and stainable by neutral dyes.
Synthetic or natural oligonucleotides used in hybridization studies in order to identify and study specific nucleic acid fragments, e.g., DNA segments near or within a specific gene locus or gene. The probe hybridizes with a specific mRNA, if present. Conventional techniques used for testing for the hybridization product include dot blot assays, Southern blot assays, and DNA:RNA hybrid-specific antibody tests. Conventional labels for the probe include the radioisotope labels 32P and 125I and the chemical label biotin.
Constituent of 30S subunit prokaryotic ribosomes containing 1600 nucleotides and 21 proteins. 16S rRNA is involved in initiation of polypeptide synthesis.
A type of IN SITU HYBRIDIZATION in which target sequences are stained with fluorescent dye so their location and size can be determined using fluorescence microscopy. This staining is sufficiently distinct that the hybridization signal can be seen both in metaphase spreads and in interphase nuclei.
A chronic inflammation in which the NASAL MUCOSA gradually changes from a functional to a non-functional lining without mucociliary clearance. It is often accompanied by degradation of the bony TURBINATES, and the foul-smelling mucus which forms a greenish crust (ozena).
Examination of foods to assure wholesome and clean products free from unsafe microbes or chemical contamination, natural or added deleterious substances, and decomposition during production, processing, packaging, etc.
An acute infection caused by the spore-forming bacteria BACILLUS ANTHRACIS. It commonly affects hoofed animals such as sheep and goats. Infection in humans often involves the skin (cutaneous anthrax), the lungs (inhalation anthrax), or the gastrointestinal tract. Anthrax is not contagious and can be treated with antibiotics.
A species of bacteria that causes ANTHRAX in humans and animals.
Books designed to give factual information or instructions.
The edible portions of any animal used for food including domestic mammals (the major ones being cattle, swine, and sheep) along with poultry, fish, shellfish, and game.
A phenothiazine that has been used as a hemostatic, a biological stain, and a dye for wool and silk. Tolonium chloride has also been used as a diagnostic aid for oral and gastric neoplasms and in the identification of the parathyroid gland in thyroid surgery.
The act or ceremony of putting a corpse into the ground or a vault, or into the sea; or the inurnment of CREMAINS.
Copies of a work or document distributed to the public by sale, rental, lease, or lending. (From ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983, p181)
"The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.
The influence of study results on the chances of publication and the tendency of investigators, reviewers, and editors to submit or accept manuscripts for publication based on the direction or strength of the study findings. Publication bias has an impact on the interpretation of clinical trials and meta-analyses. Bias can be minimized by insistence by editors on high-quality research, thorough literature reviews, acknowledgement of conflicts of interest, modification of peer review practices, etc.
A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.
The use of statistical methods in the analysis of a body of literature to reveal the historical development of subject fields and patterns of authorship, publication, and use. Formerly called statistical bibliography. (from The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
Simultaneous or successive publishing of identical or near- identical material in two or more different sources without acknowledgment. It differs from reprinted publication in that a reprint cites sources. It differs from PLAGIARISM in that duplicate publication is the product of the same authorship while plagiarism publishes a work or parts of a work of another as one's own.
Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)
A multifactorial disease of CATTLE resulting from complex interactions between environmental factors, host factors, and pathogens. The environmental factors act as stressors adversely affecting the IMMUNE SYSTEM and other host defenses and enhancing transmission of infecting agents.
Observation and acquisition of physical data from a distance by viewing and making measurements from a distance or receiving transmitted data from observations made at distant location.
Infections with bacteria of the family PASTEURELLACEAE.
Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.
A species of gram-negative bacteria causing MASTITIS; ARTHRITIS; and RESPIRATORY TRACT DISEASES in CATTLE.
The concept covering the physical and mental conditions of members of minority groups.
Human males as cultural, psychological, sociological, political, and economic entities.
INFLAMMATION of the BREAST, or MAMMARY GLAND.
INFLAMMATION of the UDDER in cows.
Toxins closely associated with the living cytoplasm or cell wall of certain microorganisms, which do not readily diffuse into the culture medium, but are released upon lysis of the cells.
A suborder of the order ARTIODACTYLA whose members have the distinguishing feature of a four-chambered stomach, including the capacious RUMEN. Horns or antlers are usually present, at least in males.

Detection of haptoglobin in the high-density lipoprotein and the very high-density lipoprotein fractions from sera of calves with experimental pneumonia and cows with naturally occurring fatty liver. (1/62)

In addition to the lipoprotein-deficient d > 1.25 fraction, haptoglobin was detected in the high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and the very high-density lipoprotein (VHDL) fractions from sera of calves with experimental pneumonia and cows with naturally occurring fatty liver. It was not found in the chylomicrons, very low-density lipoprotein and low-density lipoprotein fractions. Washing of the HDL fraction did not decrease the haptoglobin concentration. Transferrin and immunoglobulin G were immunoblotted to examine the possibility of contamination of the lipoprotein fractions by the d > 1.25 fraction. The two serum proteins were detected only in the d > 1.25 fraction, not in any lipoprotein fractions. The distribution pattern of haptoglobin in the lipoprotein fractions was distinct from that of serum albumin. Concentrations of haptoglobin in the HDL fractions from pneumonic sera were largely proportional to those in whole sera. Cholesteryl ester concentrations were decreased in sera from calves with pneumonia, as in cows with fatty liver. A protein immunologically related to hemoglobin was also detected in particular in the VHDL fractions from sera of both groups. These results suggest that haptoglobin or a complex with the hemoglobin-like protein may have a role or roles related to the lipid metabolism.  (+info)

A comparison of florfenicol and tilmicosin for the treatment of undifferentiated fever in feedlot calves in western Canada. (2/62)

A field trial was performed under commercial feedlot conditions in western Canada to compare the efficacy of florfenicol and tilmicosin for the treatment of undifferentiated fever (UF) in calves that received metaphylactic tilmicosin upon arrival at the feedlot. One thousand and eighty recently weaned, auction market derived, crossbred beef calves suffering from UF were allocated to one of 2 experimental groups as follows: florfenicol, which was intramuscular (i.m.) florfenicol administered at the rate of 20 mg/kg body weight (BW) at the time of allocation (Day 0) and again 48 h later, or tilmicosin, which was subcutaneous (s.c.) tilmicosin administered once at the rate of 10 mg/kg BW on day 0. Five hundred and forty-four animals were allocated to the florfenicol group and 536 animals were allocated to the tilmicosin group. The chronicity, wastage, overall mortality, and bovine respiratory disease (BRD) mortality rates were significantly (P < 0.05) lower in the florfenicol group than in the tilmicosin group. There were no significant (P > or = 0.05) differences in first UF relapse, second UF relapse, hemophilosis mortality, or miscellaneous mortality rates between the florfenicol and tilmicosin groups. Average daily gain (ADG) from arrival at the feedlot to the time of implanting and ADG from allocation to the time of implanting were significantly (P < 0.05) lower in the florfenicol group as compared with the tilmicosin group. There were no significant (P > or = 0.05) differences in arrival weight, allocation weight, implanting weight, or ADG from arrival to allocation between the experimental groups. In the economic analysis, there was an advantage of $18.83 CDN per animal in the florfenicol group. The results of this study indicate that florfenicol is superior to tilmicosin for the treatment of UF because of lower chronicity, wastage, overall mortality, and BRD mortality rates. However, interpretation of these observations must take into consideration the fact that these calves received meta-phylactic tilmicosin upon arrival at the feedlot, which is a standard, cost-effective, management procedure utilized by feedlots in western Canada.  (+info)

In situ expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) mRNA in calves with acute Pasteurella haemolytica pneumonia. (3/62)

The in situ expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) mRNA in normal and pneumonic lung tissues of Holstein calves with bovine leukocyte adhesion deficiency (BLAD) was compared with that of age-matched non-BLAD Holstein calves by in situ hybridization. Twenty-four Holstein calves (both BLAD and non-BLAD) were randomly assigned to one of two experimental groups and inoculated intrabronchially with Pasteurella haemolytica or pyrogen-free saline. Lung tissues were collected and fixed in 10% neutral formalin at 2 or 4 hours postinoculation (PI). The expression and distribution of ICAM-1 mRNA in the different cell types of the lung tissue was detected by in situ hybridization with a 307-base-pair bovine ICAM-1 riboprobe. In lungs of both non-BLAD and BLAD saline-inoculated calves, ICAM-1 expression was present in epithelial cells but occurred in <30% of cells in bronchi, bronchioles, and alveoli. ICAM-1 expression in vascular endothelial cells was present in <30% of cells in pulmonary arteries and veins. The expression of ICAM-1 was significantly greater (>60% of cells) in bronchiolar and alveolar epithelial cells and pulmonary endothelial cells of arteries and veins in both BLAD and non-BLAD calves inoculated with P. haemolytica. Bronchiolar epithelium had the highest intensity of mRNA expression and highest percentage of cells that were stained, whereas bronchial epithelium had the lowest intensity and percentage of cells stained. Most alveolar macrophages and neutrophils in infected lungs also expressed ICAM-1. ICAM-1 expression was generally increased in infected BLAD calves at 2 hours PI as compared with non-BLAD calves but not at 4 hours PI. The increased expression of ICAM-1 during acute P. haemolytica pneumonia in calves suggests that ICAM-1 is upregulated and may play a role in leukocyte infiltration. The extent of ICAM-1 expression in P. haemolytica-inoculated calves with BLAD was initially enhanced but otherwise similar to that in non-BLAD calves.  (+info)

Reduced serum lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase activity and cholesteryl ester concentration in calves experimentally inoculated with Pasteurella haemolytica and bovine herpes virus-1. (4/62)

Lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT), the enzyme responsible for esterification of cholesterol in plasma, is reported to be implicated in the regulation of inflammation in laboratory animals. The purpose of the present study was to elucidate the possible relevance of LCAT in the pathogenesis of calf pneumonia induced by inoculations of Pasteurella haemolytica and bovine herpes virus-1 into the calf lung. Serum LCAT activity was significantly (P < 0.01) reduced in calves inoculated with Pasteurella haemolytica. The concentration of cholesteryl esters (CE), the product of the LCAT reaction, was also decreased in the inoculated group. Decreases in LCAT activity and the CE concentration were similarly observed in calves in which bovine herpes virus-1 was inoculated. In both bacteria- and virus-inoculated calves, CE concentrations in the high-density lipoprotein fractions were distinctly decreased, whereas those in the low-density lipoprotein fractions were practically unaltered. The acute-phase proteins haptoglobin and serum amyloid A were detected in sera from the bacteria- and virus-inoculated calves; however, the two acute-phase proteins were also found in sera from the control calves. These results suggest that decreases in LCAT activity and the CE concentration are involved in the pathogenesis of pneumonia induced by inoculation of calves with Pasteurella haemolytica and bovine herpes virus-1, and also that the change in the LCAT system is more intimately related to the occurrence of calf pneumonia than the induction of acute-phase proteins such as haptoglobin.  (+info)

Decreased apolipoprotein C-III concentration in the high-density lipoprotein fraction from calves inoculated with Pasteurella haemolytica and bovine herpes virus-1. (5/62)

Lipoprotein lipid and apoprotein concentrations are known to be altered during the acute-phase response. We have previously shown that the serum activity of lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT) and concentration of cholesteryl esters, both constituents of the high-density lipoprotein (HDL) fraction, are reduced in calves inoculated with Pasteurella haemolytica and bovine herpes virus-1, the two major pathogens for calf pneumonia. The concentration of apolipoprotein C-III (apoC-III), a low molecular mass protein component distributed mainly in the HDL fraction, was therefore examined in bacteria- and virus-inoculated calves. An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay demonstrated that it was decreased by inoculations of Pasteurella haemolytica and bovine herpes virus-1. The decrease was detected as early as 1 day after inoculation in both groups. A decreased serum apoC-III concentration was also observed by immunoblot analysis. It was detected in the HDL fractions from the bacteria- and virus-inoculated calves, and HDL apoC-III concentrations in the inoculated calves were decreased compared with controls. These results, coupled with the previous findings on LCAT activity and the cholesteryl ester concentration, indicate that a decreased HDL concentration is one of the early events occurring during the acute-phase response evoked by infections with Pasteurella haemolytica and bovine herpes virus-1.  (+info)

Inactivation of Pasteurella (Mannheimia) haemolytica leukotoxin causes partial attenuation of virulence in a calf challenge model. (6/62)

The leukotoxin of Pasteurella (Mannheimia) haemolytica is believed to play a significant role in pathogenesis, causing cell lysis and apoptosis that lead to the lung pathology characteristic of bovine shipping fever. Using a system for Cre-lox recombination, a nonpolar mutation within the lktC transacylase gene of the leukotoxin operon was created. The lktC locus was insertionally inactivated using a loxP-aph3-loxP cassette, and then the aph3 marker was excised from the chromosome by Cre recombinase expressed from a P. haemolytica plasmid. The resulting lktC strain (SH2099) secretes inactive leukotoxin and carries no known antibiotic resistance genes. Strain SH2099 was tested for virulence in a calf challenge model. We inoculated 3 x 10(8) or 3 x 10(9) CFU of wild-type or mutant bacteria into the lungs of healthy, colostrum-deprived calves via transthoracic injection. Animals were observed for clinical signs and for nasal colonization for 4 days, after which they were euthanized and necropsied. The lower inoculum (3 x 10(8) CFU) caused significantly fewer deaths and allowed lung pathology to be scored and compared, while the 3 x 10(9) CFU dose of either the wild-type or mutant was lethal to >/=50% of the calves. The estimated 50% lethal dose of SH2099 was four times higher than that of the wild-type strain. Lung lesion scores were reduced twofold in animals inoculated with the mutant, while clinical scores were nearly equivalent for both strains. The wild-type and mutant strains were equally capable of colonizing the upper respiratory tracts of the calves. In this study, the P. haemolytica lktC mutant was shown to be less virulent than the parent strain.  (+info)

Influence of beta(2)-integrin adhesion molecule expression and pulmonary infection with Pasteurella haemolytica on cytokine gene expression in cattle. (7/62)

beta(2)-Integrins are leukocyte adhesion molecules composed of alpha (CD11a, -b, -c, or -d) and beta (CD18) subunit heterodimers. Genetic CD18 deficiency results in impaired neutrophil egress into tissues that varies between conducting airways and alveoli of the lung. In this study, we investigated whether CD18 deficiency in cattle affects proinflammatory cytokine (PIC) expression in pulmonary tissue after respiratory infection with Pasteurella haemolytica. Cattle were infected with P. haemolytica via fiberoptic deposition of organisms into the posterior part of the right cranial lung lobe. Animals were euthanized at 2 or 4 h postinoculation (p.i.), and tissues were collected to assess PIC gene expression using antisense RNA probes specific for bovine interleukin-1alpha (IL-1alpha), IL-1beta, IL-6, gamma interferon (IFN-gamma), and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) along with the beta-actin (beta-Act) housekeeping gene. Expression of PIC was induced at 2 h p.i. in P. haemolytica-infected cattle and continued to 4 h p.i. At 2 h p.i., induction of gene expression and increase of cells that expressed PIC were observed both in CD18(+) and CD18(-) cattle after inoculation of P. haemolytica. The induction of gene expression with P. haemolytica inoculation was more prominent in CD18(-) cattle than in CD18(+) cattle by comparison to pyrogen-free saline (PFS)-inoculated control animals. At 4 h p.i., however, the induction of PIC, especially IL-1alpha, IL-6, and IFN-gamma, in the lungs of CD18(+) cattle inoculated with P. haemolytica was greater than that in lungs of the CD18(-) cattle. IFN-gamma and TNF-alpha genes were not increased in P. haemolytica-inoculated CD18(-) cattle lungs compared to the PFS-inoculated control lungs at 4 h p.i. In PFS-inoculated lungs, we generally observed a higher percentage of cells and higher level of gene expression in the lungs of CD18(-) cattle than in the lungs of CD18(+) cattle, especially at 4 h p.i. The rate of neutrophil infiltration into the lungs of CD18(-) cattle at 2 h p.i. was significantly higher than that of CD18(+) cattle; at 4 h p.i., there was no difference between the two groups. These data suggest that beta(2)-integrins may contribute to the induction of expression of some PIC genes, as a consequence of P. haemolytica infection.  (+info)

Coronavirus and Pasteurella infections in bovine shipping fever pneumonia and Evans' criteria for causation. (8/62)

Respiratory tract infections with viruses and Pasteurella spp. were determined sequentially among 26 cattle that died during two severe epizootics of shipping fever pneumonia. Nasal swab and serum samples were collected prior to onset of the epizootics, during disease progression, and after death, when necropsies were performed and lung samples were collected. Eighteen normal control cattle also were sampled at the beginning of the epizootics as well as at weekly intervals for 4 weeks. Respiratory bovine coronaviruses (RBCV) were isolated from nasal secretions of 21 and 25 cattle before and after transport. Two and 17 cattle nasally shed Pasteurella spp. before and after transport, respectively. RBCV were isolated at titers of 1 x 10(3) to 1.2 x 10(7) PFU per g of lung tissue from 18 cattle that died within 7 days of the epizootics, but not from the lungs of the remaining cattle that died on days 9 to 36. Twenty-five of the 26 lung samples were positive for Pasteurella spp., and their CFU ranged between 4.0 x 10(5) and 2.3 x 10(9) per g. Acute and subacute exudative, necrotizing lobar pneumonia characterized the lung lesions of these cattle with a majority of pneumonic lung lobes exhibiting fibronecrotic and exudative changes typical of pneumonic pasteurellosis, but other lung lobules had histological changes consisting of bronchiolitis and alveolitis typical of virus-induced changes. These cattle were immunologically naive to both infectious agents at the onset of the epizootics, but those that died after day 7 had rising antibody titers against RBCV and Pasteurella haemolytica. In contrast, the 18 clinically normal and RBCV isolation-negative cattle had high hemagglutinin inhibition antibody titers to RBCV from the beginning, while their antibody responses to P. haemolytica antigens were delayed. Evans' criteria for causation were applied to our findings because of the multifactorial nature of shipping fever pneumonia. This analysis identified RBCV as the primary inciting cause in these two epizootics. These viruses were previously not recognized as a causative agent in this complex respiratory tract disease of cattle.  (+info)

The role of interleukin-8 (IL-8) as a neutrophil chemoattractant in bovine pneumonic pasteurellosis was investigated by characterizing: (1) the expression of IL-8 in the lesions of pneumonic pasteurellosis, (2) the in vitro and in vivo effects of recombinant bovine IL-8 on neutrophil chemotaxis, and (3) the importance of IL-8 as a neutrophil chemoattractant in this disease. The expression of IL-8 in bovine pneumonic pasteurellosis was assessed by Northern analysis, in situ hybridization and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The expression of IL-8 mRNA was elevated dramatically in lesional lung compared to non-lesional lung, viral pneumonia, and normal lung. In situ hybridization revealed intense IL-8 mRNA expression in alveolar macrophages and neutrophils, and milder expression in several other cell types. Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid from lesional lung contained 16.06 ± 4.00 ng/ml IL-8, but lower levels were present in non-lesional lung, viral pneumonia, and normal lung (mean ...
Looking for Pasteurellosis? Find out information about Pasteurellosis. A variety of infectious diseases caused by the coccobacilli Pasteurella multocida and P. haemolytica ; the term also applies to diseases caused by any... Explanation of Pasteurellosis
Pasteurellosis in Cattle Also known as: Transit Fever, Shipping Fever Pneumonic pasteurellosis is most commonly seen in recently weaned, single-suckled beef calves after housing or transport to a new herd/premises.
Pasteurellosis is an infectious disease caused byPasteurella multocida, a Gram-negative coccobacillus .The disease is characterized by congestion and haemorrhage of young skin. The bacteria may enter blood leading to septicemia.
1993) Economic, clinical and functional consequences of a treatment using metrenperone during an outbreak of shipping fever in ...
Learn about the veterinary topic of Overview of Pasteurellosis of Sheep and Goats. Find specific details on this topic and related topics from the Merck Vet Manual.
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These bacteria are present in the respiratory tract of healthy animals, where they behave as opportunists in case of immunodeficiency. Clinical symptoms caused by P. multocida include enzootic pneumonia and to a lesser degree fibrinous pneumonia (shipping fever). Both are considered multifactorial syndromes, in which infectious and non-infectious factors are involved.. ...
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Just a little over a week since shipping estimates for new Retina MacBook Pro orders through Apples online store saw their first improvement from 3-4 weeks to 2-3 weeks, timeframes have again been reduced. As with the previous improvement, the change has first appeared in Apples Asia-Pacific markets, which have seen shipping estimates drop to 1-2 weeks.. Shipping estimates in Apples other main distribution regions of the Americas and Europe/Middle East/Africa are holding steady at 2-3 weeks for the time being, but they will almost certainly see similar drops to the 1-2 week timeframe in the very near future ...
We want you to be happy with your purchase! For your convenience, a prepaid shipping label is included in all full priced US orders. Make easy returns with $4.95 return shipping per package.. Free shipping offer valid on orders shipped in the continental United States and applies to ground shipping orders only. If you choose 2 Day or Overnight Shipping, regular charges will apply. Previous purchases are not eligible for adjustments.. To participate, simply add merchandise to your shopping cart and Free Ground Shipping will automatically be applied. You must select the Ground Shipping option to receive the free shipping option.. ...
We want you to be happy with your purchase! For your convenience, a prepaid shipping label is included in all full priced US orders. Make easy returns with $4.95 return shipping per package.. Free shipping offer valid on orders shipped in the continental United States and applies to ground shipping orders only. If you choose 2 Day or Overnight Shipping, regular charges will apply. Previous purchases are not eligible for adjustments.. To participate, simply add merchandise to your shopping cart and Free Ground Shipping will automatically be applied. You must select the Ground Shipping option to receive the free shipping option.. ...
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Looking for online definition of septicemic pasteurellosis in the Medical Dictionary? septicemic pasteurellosis explanation free. What is septicemic pasteurellosis? Meaning of septicemic pasteurellosis medical term. What does septicemic pasteurellosis mean?
ORCID: 0000-0001-9250-3032 and Abdi, RD (2017) Small ruminant pasteurellosis in Tigray region, Ethiopia: marked serotype diversity may affect vaccine efficacy. EPIDEMIOLOGY AND INFECTION, 145 (7). 1326 - 1338. ...
Abstract BACKGROUND: SP-A and SP-D are hydrophilic proteins which regulate the inflammatory response of the lung. Pasteurella multocida is one of the most common bacteria isolated from calves suffering from shipping fever pneumonia, one of the most problems in dairy herds. OBJECTIVE: Evaluation of surfactant content may provide a valuable diagnostic tool for detection of calf pneumonia due to Pasteurella multocida and also state of treatment. METHODS: Ten Holstein-Frisian bull calves aged 4 months with body weight of 120 ± 5 kg were selected for study in two groups. The Pasteurella multocida (PMC66 Razi) was used in the present study for inducing pneumonia. The Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) process was done in selected calves. BAL fluid was collected and centrifuged and finally the sediment (crude surfactant) was reserved at -20˚C.The cytological evaluation and surfactant content was assayed by ELISA, TPL kit assay and HPLC. RESULTS: The serum levels of SP-A and SP-D in pneumonic group were
Citation: Hauglund, M.J., Tatum, F.M., Bayles, D.O., Maheswaran, S.K., Briggs, R.E. 2013. Genome sequences of Mannheimia haemolytica serotype A1 strains D153 and D193 from bovine pneumonia. Genome Announcements. 1(5). DOI: 10.1128/genomeA.00848-13. Interpretive Summary: The bacterium Mannheimia haemolytica is a prominent and costly cause of respiratory disease in domestic cattle. During periods of stress or concurrent respiratory viral infection some serotypes of the bacterium proliferate dramatically, increasing the odds of progression to pneumonic disease. The genomes of two isolates which exhibit dramatic proliferation were sequenced to facilitate molecular characterization of the phenomenon and the potential development of novel disease control methods. Technical Abstract: Here we report two genomes, one complete and one draft, from virulent bovine strains of Mannheimia haemolytica serotype A1 recovered prior to the field usage of modern antimicrobial drugs. ...
Treatment of animals and poultry for diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, respiratory system and urogenital system caused by gram-positive, gram-negative and other microorganisms) Calves under 3 months: treatment of animals suffering from gastroenteritis, salmonellosis, pasteurellosis, campylobacteriosis (vibriosis), digestive disorders with clinical signs of diarrhea caused by pathogens susceptible to the components of the preparation. Pigs: Treatment of animals suffering from enzootic pneumonia, arthritis, dysentery, edema disease, erysipelas, salmonellosis, pasteurellosis, caused by microorganisms sensitive to components of the drug. Lambs under 3 months: treatment of animals suffering from eymerioz, septicemia, contagious agalactia, caused by microorganisms sensitive to components of the drug. Rabbits: the treatment of animals suffering from coccidiosis, pasteurellosis, salmonellosis, septicemia caused by pathogens susceptible to the components of the drug. Poultry (chickens (broilers), ...
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A novel apolipoprotein, designated ApoN, has been identified in bovine ovarian follicular fluid using chromatographic purification methods, amino acid sequence analysis, molecular biology, and bioinformatics. The apolipoprotein is a hydrophobic 12-kDa protein processed from the C terminus of a 29-kDa precursor expressed in a number of tissues, including the ovary, testis, the anterior chamber of the eye, skeletal muscle, uterus, and liver. Bovine, porcine, and murine ApoN display significant homology at the amino acid level across the entire precursor sequence. Surprisingly, there appears to be no orthologous protein in the human, although an APON-like pseudogene is found on chromosome 12. The N-terminal fragment of the ApoN precursor shows significant homology with the N-terminal sequence of the precursor of the cholesterol transport regulatory protein ApoF, but the corresponding C-terminal sequences of ApoN and ApoF possess no homology. ApoN is present in the high-density lipoprotein fraction ...
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Free Standard Shipping automatically applies to your qualifying minimum online purchase subtotal of $49. No promotion code necessary. Subtotal refers to the amount of your one-time delivery order before taxes and shipping. The qualifying subtotal excludes any Repeat Delivery order or buy online and pick up in-store orders. All Free Shipping is based on Standard Shipping rates. P.O. Boxes, Alaska/Hawaii are based on USPS Priority Mail.. Holiday Shipping Deadlines: Most items will arrive by 12/24 if ordered by Noon PST on 12/20, with our free upgrade to 2-Day Shipping for the holiday! Select standard shipping at checkout. See details.. Free Shipping Exclusions: JustFoodForDogs products; Cat litter, dog litter, ice melter, wild bird food, live fish & rock, aquatic gravel and accents; crickets, live food and frozen food; out-of-stock items, Donations, Petco or Unleashed by Petco Gift Cards and eGift Cards; items shipped through white glove delivery or LTL delivery; orders exceeding the maximum ...
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This paper studies the role of information asymmetries in second price, common value auctions. Motivated by information structures that arise commonly in applications such as online advertising, we seek to understand what types of information asymmetries lead to substantial reductions in revenue for the auctioneer. One application of our results concerns online advertising auctions in the presence of cookies, which allow individual advertisers to recognize advertising opportunities for users who, for example, are customers of their websites. Cookies create substantial information asymmetries both ex ante and at the interim stage, when advertisers form their beliefs. The paper proceeds by first introducing a new refinement, which we call tremble robust equilibrium (TRE), which overcomes the problem of multiplicity of equilibria in many domains of interest.. Second, we consider a special information structure, where only one bidder has access to superior information, and show that the sellers ...
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please contact us immediately for further assistance. Thank you for your understanding.. Shipping Method: The items will be shipped by China Post , It will take 15-25 working days from shipment date.. The items will be shipped by USPS to USA, Absolutely Safe! EVERY PACKAGE HAVE TRACKING NUMBER. It will take 7-12 working days from shipment date.. We also supply with DHL, UPS, EMS express shipping, but you need pay more money for express shipping. If you need express shipping service, please contact us before order(Telephone are must for international express shipping, If you need express shipping service, Please note your Telephone when your payment.). Shiping Time:. All items will be posted to you within 3 working day (on the weekdays - Monday to Friday) the payment is cleared on sellers side. Estimated delivery time. International package takes about 15-20 days to ship to destination; By post office past shipping statistic report, here below is the arrival lead time performance table for some ...
please contact us immediately for further assistance. Thank you for your understanding.. Shipping Method: The items will be shipped by China Post , It will take 15-25 working days from shipment date.. The items will be shipped by USPS to USA, Absolutely Safe! EVERY PACKAGE HAVE TRACKING NUMBER. It will take 7-12 working days from shipment date.. We also supply with DHL, UPS, EMS express shipping, but you need pay more money for express shipping. If you need express shipping service, please contact us before order(Telephone are must for international express shipping, If you need express shipping service, Please note your Telephone when your payment.). Shiping Time:. All items will be posted to you within 3 working day (on the weekdays - Monday to Friday) the payment is cleared on sellers side. Estimated delivery time. International package takes about 15-20 days to ship to destination; By post office past shipping statistic report, here below is the arrival lead time performance table for some ...
please contact us immediately for further assistance. Thank you for your understanding.. Shipping Method: The items will be shipped by China Post , It will take 15-25 working days from shipment date.. The items will be shipped by USPS to USA, Absolutely Safe! EVERY PACKAGE HAVE TRACKING NUMBER. It will take 7-12 working days from shipment date.. We also supply with DHL, UPS, EMS express shipping, but you need pay more money for express shipping. If you need express shipping service, please contact us before order(Telephone are must for international express shipping, If you need express shipping service, Please note your Telephone when your payment.). Shiping Time:. All items will be posted to you within 3 working day (on the weekdays - Monday to Friday) the payment is cleared on sellers side. Estimated delivery time. International package takes about 15-20 days to ship to destination; By post office past shipping statistic report, here below is the arrival lead time performance table for some ...
please contact us immediately for further assistance. Thank you for your understanding.. Shipping Method: The items will be shipped by China Post , It will take 15-25 working days from shipment date.. The items will be shipped by USPS to USA, Absolutely Safe! EVERY PACKAGE HAVE TRACKING NUMBER. It will take 7-12 working days from shipment date.. We also supply with DHL, UPS, EMS express shipping, but you need pay more money for express shipping. If you need express shipping service, please contact us before order(Telephone are must for international express shipping, If you need express shipping service, Please note your Telephone when your payment.). Shiping Time:. All items will be posted to you within 3 working day (on the weekdays - Monday to Friday) the payment is cleared on sellers side. Estimated delivery time. International package takes about 15-20 days to ship to destination; By post office past shipping statistic report, here below is the arrival lead time performance table for some ...
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Bryant Grains 12% Preconditioning Receiving Ration is a 12% protein, 5/32″ pellet designed to be feed to weaned calves, sale barn calves, and any other cattle in stressful situations that may lead to shipping fever in feedlot cattle. It is medicted with both CTC and Sulfamethazine to combat respiratory diseases and is high in fiber to help prevent acidosis.. ...
Additionally, rabbits were orally immunized with an edible vaccine for bovine pneumonic pasteurellosis, and there was a ...
De Alwis MCL, Jayasekera MU and Balasunderam P (1975) Pneumonic pasteurellosis in buffalo calves associated with Pasteurella ... Pasteurella and Pasteurellosis. Academic Press, London. pp. 131-160. FAO (1959) Report of the FAO meeting on haemorrhagic ... Pillai AGR, Katiyar AK, Awadhiya RP and Vegad JL (1986) An outbreak of pasteurellosis in swine. Indian Vet J 63: 527-529. De ... Pasteurellosis in production animals, an international workshop held at Bali, Indonesia, 10-13 August 1992. ACIAR Proceedings ...
"Shipping fever" (pneumonic mannheimiosis, formerly called pasteurellosis) is a disease of particular concern, that can occur as ...
Pneumonic pasteurellosis can cause high mortality in bighorn sheep, and susceptibility to the disease is higher in bighorn ...
... pasteurellosis, pneumonic MeSH C01.252.400.719 - piscirickettsiaceae infections MeSH C01.252.400.739 - pseudomonas infections ...
... pasteurellosis, pneumonic MeSH C08.730.085.660 - pneumonia, atypical interstitial, of cattle MeSH C08.730.085.675 - pneumonia ...
... pasteurellosis, pneumonic MeSH C22.196.090.660 - pneumonia, atypical interstitial, of cattle MeSH C22.196.090.675 - pneumonia ...
... pasteurellosis, pneumonic MeSH C02.782.580.600.620 - pneumovirus infections MeSH C02.782.580.600.620.750 - respiratory ...
Unusually, most of the cases were pneumonic rather than bubonic.[31] In June 2018, a child was confirmed to be the first person ... The three types of plague are the result of the route of infection: bubonic plague, septicemic plague, and pneumonic plague.[1] ... The plague is also known to spread to the lungs and become the disease known as the pneumonic plague. Symptoms appear 2-7 days ... People who have had contact with anyone infected by pneumonic plague are given prophylactic antibiotics.[26] Using the broad- ...
Pneumonic plague[edit]. Main article: Pneumonic plague. The pneumonic form of plague arises from infection of the lungs. It ... Aerosolized pneumonic plague remains the most significant threat.[citation needed] The plague can be easily treated with ... Those at high risk may be vaccinated.[2] Those exposed to a case of pneumonic plague may be treated with preventative ... The incubation period for pneumonic plague is short, usually two to four days, but sometimes just a few hours. The initial ...
A28.0) Pasteurellosis. *(A28.1) Cat-scratch disease. (A30-A49) Other bacterial diseases[संपादित करें]. *(A30.) Leprosy ( ... A20.2) Pneumonic plague. *(A20.3) Plague meningitis. *(A20.7) Septicaemic plague ...
The effects of stressful exercise on leukocytes in cattle with experimental pneumonic pasteurellosis ... Download PDF Full Text: The effects of stressful exercise on leukocytes in cattle with experimental pneumonic pasteurellosis. ... The importance of interleukin-8 as a neutrophil chemoattractant in the lungs of cattle with pneumonic pasteurellosis. Canadian ... The importance of interleukin-8 as a neutrophil chemoattractant in the lungs of cattle with pneumonic pasteurellosis. Canadian ...
Pasteurellosis is an infectious disease caused byPasteurella multocida, a Gram-negative coccobacillus .The disease is ... Vaccine against swine pasteurellosis is given twice a year.. 5.Treatment. One of the following regimens can be used:. - Regimen ... pasteurellosis is, an infectious, disease caused, bypasteurella multocida, gram-negative coccobacillus, .the disease, is ... Pasteurellosis is an infectious disease caused by Pasteurella multocida, a Gram-negative coccobacillus. The disease is ...
... at levels equivalent to those present in pneumonic pasteurellosis. An ovine model of pneumonic pasteurellosis was developed to ... The role of interleukin-8 as a neutrophil chemoattractant In bovine pneumonic pasteurellosis. ... The expression of IL-8 in bovine pneumonic pasteurellosis was assessed by Northern analysis, in situ hybridization and enzyme ... The role of interleukin-8 (IL-8) as a neutrophil chemoattractant in bovine pneumonic pasteurellosis was investigated by ...
These lesions are typical of pneumonic pasteurellosis.. FIGURE 10:. PPR in a goat: "zebra striping" in the large intestine. ... Pneumonic pasteurellosis is a purely respiratory disease of sheep and goats caused by the bacterium Pasteurella haemolytica. ... Diagnostic tests for detecting PPRV should be carried out in all suspected cases of pneumonic pasteurellosis where there is a ... Pneumonia is usually a very obvious presenting sign in PPR so, without doubt, pneumonic pasteurellosis and CCPP have caused the ...
Mannheimia haemolytica is the most common cause of ovine pneumonic pasteurellosis in the study area. The isolates were ... determine the causative agents and their antimicrobial susceptibility pattern of bacterial Pasteurella isolates among pneumonic ... Pneumonic pasteurellosis is one of the priority diseases that deserve control. However, control of pneumonic pasteurellosis is ... In conclusion, Pneumonic Pasteurellosis was the major disease of sheep in the area and M. haemolytica is the most common cause ...
... and septicemic pasteurellosis. Pneumonic pasteurellosis due to P. multocidais common and is of major economic importance for ... Pneumonic pasteurellosis, p. 511-520. In B. E. Straw, S. DAlliare, W. L. Mengeling, and D. J. Taylor (ed.), Diseases of swine ... Taxonomy of the group Pasteurella and pasteurellosis. Adlam C., Rutter J. M. 1989 3 34 Academic Press London, United Kingdom ... Acute septicaemic pasteurellosis in Vietnamese pigs.Vet. Microbiol.631998205215. ...
Differential diagnosis: Pneumonic pasteurellosis, bovine viral diarrhoea, malignant catarrhal fever and calf diphtheria ... Differential diagnosis : Shipping fever (Pasteurellosis). East coast fever, foreign body pneumonia, IBR, tuberculosis, ... Differential diagnosis: Anthrax, blackleg, acute leptospirosis, rinderpest, other pasteurellosis, snake bite and lighting ... It is specific type of pasteurellosis distinct from of other forms of pasteurella infections. ...
bovine pneumonic pasteurellosis. see pneumonic pasteurellosis.. bovine protozoal abortion. see neosporosis.. bovine pulmonary ...
RESPIRATORY TRACT INFECTIONS - bacterial pneumonias including bovine pneumonic pasteurellosis (shipping fever).. ALIMENTARY ...
Role of Mannheimia haemolytica leukotoxin in the pathogenesis of bovine pneumonic pasteurellosis. Anim Health Res Rev. 2002;3: ... Rudolph KM, Hunter DL, Rimler RB, Cassirer EF, Foreyt WJ, DeLong WJ, Microorganisms associated with a pneumonic epizootic in ... Epidemic pasteurellosis in a bighorn sheep population coinciding with the appearance of a domestic sheep. J Wildl Dis. 2008;44: ... Pasteurellosis. In: Williams ES, Barker IK, editors. Infectious diseases of wild mammals. Ames (IA): Iowa State University ...
Pneumonic pasteurellosis in cattle is the type disease. The animal is critically ill with anoxia and toxemia. ...
We investigated the microbial and clinico-pathological patterns associated with ovine pneumonic pasturellosis during an ... Mannheimia haemolytica is causative agent of pneumonic pasteurellosis (mannheimiosis) that causes huge economic losses to ... An outbreak of pneumonic pasteurellosis in sheep due to Mannheimia (Pasteurella) haemolytica serotype 7. Odugbo MO, Okpara JO, ... Mannheimia haemolytica is causative agent of pneumonic pasteurellosis (mannheimiosis) that causes huge economic losses to ...
THE POTENTIAL ROLE OF THE ARTHUS AND THE SHWARTZMAN REACTIONS IN THE PATHOGENESIS OF PNEUMONIC PASTEURELLOSIS (Other) (10-Nov- ...
Pneumonic PASTEURELLOSIS Description: Respiratory disease, also called Shipping Fever (for pneumonic Pasteurellosis see also ... Outbreaks of Pneumonic Pasteurellosis are not related to HS and are caused by a variety of completely different types of ... Pneumonic Pasteurellosis starts as a typical respiratory disease in cattle, sheep and goats. But from the beginning it may ... In sheep and goats factors leading to Pneumonic Pasteurellosis include:. *Primary viral infections (e.g. Sheep & Goat Pox, PPR) ...
Importance of neutrophils in the pathogenesis of acute pneumonic pasteurellosis in calves. Am J Vet Res. (1985) 46:2253-8. ...
The role of neutrophils in the development of peracute lung lesions of bovine pneumonic pasteurellosis was investigated. Eight ...
Pneumonic Pasteurellosis. Pox lesions on head and skin, lambs & kids with respiratory disease signs. -> Sheep and Goat Pox. ...
Rashid J, Weiss DJ, Murtaugh MP, et al. Expression of tissue factor in experimental bovine pneumonic pasteurellosis and ...
Experimental induction of pneumonic pasteurellosis in calves by intratracheal infection with Pasteurella multocida biotype A:3 ...
... haemolytica is the major factor contributing to lung injury in bovine pneumonic pasteurellosis (BPP). Neutrophil migration into ...
... and interleukin-8 in the acute phase of bovine pneumonic pasteurellosis. Veterinary Pathology 38: 297-310. ... Frank, GH (1989). Pasteurellosis of cattle. In: Adlam, C and Rutter, JM (eds) Pasteurella and Pasteurellosis. New York, NY: ...
Pneumonic and septicaemic pasteurellosis caused b... Authors: Teerasak E-kobon, Ratiporn Leeanan, Saengtian Pannoi, Pornchai ... profiles of Pasteurella multocida isolates associated with bovine haemorrhagic septicaemia and porcine pneumonic pasteurellosis ...
For vaccination of healthy dairy or beef cattle 7 months of age or older as an aid in the prevention of pneumonic ... pasteurellosis by stimulating immunity to P. multocida, and as an aid in the reduction of respiratory disease due to Mannheimia ... vaccination of healthy dairy or beef cattle 7 months of age or older as an aid in the prevention of pneumonic pasteurellosis by ... vaccination of healthy dairy or beef cattle 7 months of age or older as an aid in the prevention of pneumonic pasteurellosis by ...
Bovine pneumonic pasteurellosis: model for Pasteurella haemolytica and Pasteurella multocida induced pneumonia in cattle. Am J ... Pneumonic pasteurellosis induced experimentally in gnotobiotic and conventional calves inoculated with Pasteurella haemolytica ... Pneumonic problems occurred more in dairies that housed their calves inside a building, than those using exterior calf hutches ... Microscopic lesions associated with the isolation of Haemophilus somnus from pneumonic bovine lungs. Vet Pathol 1985;22:131-136 ...
Towards development of an edible vaccine against bovine pneumonic pasteurellosis using transgenic white clover expressing a ... membrane lipoprotein in transgenic alfalfa for the development of an edible vaccine against bovine pneumonic pasteurellosis. ... Novel protease produced by a Pasteurella trehalosi serotype 10 isolate from a pneumonic bighorn sheep: characteristics and ... Serum IgG response in calves to the putative pneumonic virulence factor Gs60 of Mannheimia haemolytica A1. ...
Additionally, rabbits were orally immunized with an edible vaccine for bovine pneumonic pasteurellosis, and there was a ...
Bovine pneumonic pasteurellosis (BPP) is a common respiratory disease in many age groups. Although the precise mechanism ...
1983) Prevention of experimental bovine pneumonic pasteurellosis with an extract of Pasteurella haemolytica. Can. J. Comp. Med. ... 1989) Pasteurellosis of cattle. in Pasteurella and pasteurellosis. eds Adlam C., Rutter J. M. (Academic Press, London, United ... Mannheimia(Pasteurella) haemolytica A1 is the principal microorganism responsible for bovine pneumonic pasteurellosis, a major ... haemolytica A1 suggested that the capsule conferred some protection against experimental pasteurellosis; however, it was ...
Bovine pneumonic pasteurellosis: effect of vaccination with live Pasteurella species. Am J Vet Res 1984; 45:2538-42. ... Efficacy of a live Pasteurella multocida vaccine for the prevention of experimentally induced bovine pneumonic pasteurellosis. ... Panciera, et al., "Bovine pneumonic pasteurellosis: Effect of vaccination with live Pasteurella species", Am. J. Vet. Res., vol ... "Efficacy of a Live Pasteurella multocida Vaccine for the Prevention of Experimentally Induced Bovine Pneumonic Pasteurellosis ...
Clinical Management of Pneumonic Pasteurellosis in Boer Kids: A Case Report. Eric Lim Teik Chung, Faez Firdaus Jesse Abdullah, ...
  • The role of interleukin-8 (IL-8) as a neutrophil chemoattractant in bovine pneumonic pasteurellosis was investigated by characterizing: (1) the expression of IL-8 in the lesions of pneumonic pasteurellosis, (2) the ' in vitro' and 'in vivo' effects of recombinant bovine IL-8 on neutrophil chemotaxis, and (3) the importance of IL-8 as a neutrophil chemoattractant in this disease. (usask.ca)
  • The expression of IL-8 in bovine pneumonic pasteurellosis was assessed by Northern analysis, 'in situ' hybridization and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. (usask.ca)
  • These results demonstrate that bovine IL-8 is a neutrophil chemoattractant 'in vitro ' and 'in vivo', at levels equivalent to those present in pneumonic pasteurellosis. (usask.ca)
  • RESPIRATORY TRACT INFECTIONS - bacterial pneumonias including bovine pneumonic pasteurellosis (shipping fever). (drugs.com)
  • The role of neutrophils in the development of peracute lung lesions of bovine pneumonic pasteurellosis was investigated. (nih.gov)
  • The ruminant-specific leukotoxin (Lkt) from P. haemolytica is the major factor contributing to lung injury in bovine pneumonic pasteurellosis (BPP). (usda.gov)
  • Mannheimia ( Pasteurella ) haemolytica A1 is the principal microorganism responsible for bovine pneumonic pasteurellosis, a major cause of sickness and economic loss to the feed lot industry ( 15 , 46 ). (asm.org)
  • Confer, A.W., Panciera, R.J., Gentry, M.J. and Fulton, R.W.: Immunologic response to Pasteurella haemolytica and resistance against experimental bovine pneumonic pasteurellosis induced by bacterins in oil adjuvants. (medigraphic.com)
  • Gentry, M.L., Confer, A.W. and Panciera, R.J.: Serum neutralization of cytotoxin from Pasteurella haemolytica serotype 1 and resistance to experimental bovine pneumonic pasteurellosis. (medigraphic.com)
  • IL8 has been linked to various pathologies, including bovine and ovine pneumonic pasteurellosis, bovine salmonellosis, ovine chronic interstitial lung disease and others. (perkinelmer.com)
  • Pasteurella (Mannheimia) haemolytica leukotoxin (Lkt) is the major factor that contributes to lung injury in bovine pneumonic pasteurellosis. (umn.edu)
  • The pathogenesis of bovine pneumonic pasteurellosis is not completely understood, and studies have not established that Pasteurella haemolytica A1 (Ph1) virulence is exclusively responsible for the development of acute pulmonary lesions. (utmb.edu)
  • The purpose of this investigation was to determine if immune complex disease is involved in the pathogenesis of bovine pneumonic pasteurellosis. (utmb.edu)
  • A retrospective immunohistologic study of lung tissue from natural cases of bovine pneumonic pasteurellosis (44) as performed, and immune complexes were observed in alveloar spaces and walls in 88% of these cases. (utmb.edu)
  • Mice immunized with Ph1 OMs and challenged with live Ph1 or OMs developed severe bronchointerstitial pneumonia with diffuse neutrophilic infiltration, focal necrosis, hemorrhage and edema, that is histologically similar to bovine pneumonic pasteurellosis. (utmb.edu)
  • Results of this study suggest that immune complex disease plays a role in the pathogenesis of bovine pneumonic pasteurellosis. (utmb.edu)
  • Expression of the neutrophil chemoattractant interleukin-8 in the lesions of bovine pneumonic pasteurellosis. (abcam.cn)
  • She moined the multidisciplinary research team working on respiratory diseases in cattle and was awarded a PhD for studies on bovine pneumonic pasteurel losis. (bmj.com)
  • We conclude that outbred Swiss Webster mice can be used as a model for the study of selected disease mechanisms of acute lung inflammation and that this model may be used to determine some of the pathogenic mechanisms involved in the development of pulmonary lesions in bovine pneumonic pasteurellosis. (mysciencework.com)
  • Mannheimia haemolytica is the most common cause of ovine pneumonic pasteurellosis in the study area. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Mannheimia haemolytica is causative agent of pneumonic pasteurellosis (mannheimiosis) that causes huge economic losses to livestock farmers. (nih.gov)
  • Pneumonic pasteurellosis induced experimentally in gnotobiotic and conventional calves inoculated with Pasteurella haemolytica. (medigraphic.com)
  • The efficacy of a multivalent Pasteurella haemolytica vaccine (Al, A2, T10) in reducing morbidity and mortality associated with pneumonic pasteurellosis in bighorn sheep ( Ovis canadensis ) was examined. (bioone.org)
  • At necropsy the lungs were removed, pneumonic lesions were scored, and samples of lung tissue were cultured for M. haemolytica . (asm.org)
  • M haemolytica A2 is the most common strain isolated from sheep and goat respiratory pasteurellosis, although A6, A13, and Ant have been reported in sheep and Ant in goats. (merckvetmanual.com)
  • Seg n los resultados obtenidos, se puede considerar que la protecci n conferida por la inmunizaci n con P. haemolytica as como con citotoxina, es eficiente para reducir en forma considerable las lesiones pulmonares ocasionadas por esta bacteria experimentalmente. (medigraphic.com)
  • Panciera, R.J., Gentry, M.J. and Fulton, R.W.: Immunologic response and resistance to experimentally induced pneumonic pasteurellosis in cattle vaccinated with various dosages of lyophilized Pasteurella haemolytica. (medigraphic.com)
  • Evaluaci n de la inmunidad pasiva contra Pasteurella haemolytica A-1 en corderos provenientes de borregas inoculadas con diferentes ant genos bacterianos. (medigraphic.com)
  • 1991. Efficacy of recombinant leukotoxin in protection against pneumonic challenge with live Pasteurella haemolytica , Inf Imm . (springer.com)
  • For the active immunisation of sheep as an aid in the control of pasteurellosis caused by M. haemolytica and P. trehalosi. (hyperdrug.co.uk)
  • Pasteurella multocida or Mannheimia haemolytica are the main causes for respiratory pasteurellosis in sheep and goats of all age groups [ 1 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Methods for treating conditions and/or diseases associated with M. haemolytica (e.g., pneumonic pasteurellosis), comprising administration of polypeptides comprising CD 18 signal peptide sequences are also provided. (patentsencyclopedia.com)
  • Pasteurella (P.) multocida is the causative agent of pneumonic pasteurellosis in swine, which is commonly associated with the final stages of enzootic pneumonia or porcine respiratory disease complex. (bvsalud.org)
  • The contribution of IL-8 to the neutrophil chemotactic activity of BAL fluid from cattle and lambs with pneumonic pasteurellosis was assessed. (usask.ca)
  • For vaccination of healthy dairy or beef cattle 7 months of age or older as an aid in the prevention of pneumonic pasteurellosis by stimulating immunity to P. multocida, and as an aid in the reduct. (pbsanimalhealth.com)
  • Pasteurellosis of cattle was first described in 1878 by Bollinger in Germany and the causative agent was isolated by Kitt in 1885. (au-ibar.org)
  • As a secondary invader, it is often involved in pneumonic pasteurellosis of cattle (shipping fever) and in enzootic or mycoplasmal pneumonia of swine. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • It is the principal cause of the widespread pneumonic pasteurellosis of cattle. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • In pigs, P. multocida is commonly associated with atrophic rhinitis, pneumonia, and septicemic pasteurellosis. (asm.org)
  • Its main function is the regulation of the colloid In pigs, tetracyclines have been used to treat atrophic rhinitis, pneumonic pasteurellosis, and Mycoplasma infections. (chuyenmach.com)
  • In Ethiopia there are some works conducted on ovine pneumonic pasteurellosis: seroprevalence, bacteriological prevalence in pneumonic lungs and detection of most prevalent serotyping throughout the selected sites of Ethiopia. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Therefore, this study was focused on the isolation and identification of Pastuerella species that involved in ovine pneumonic pasteurellosis among apparently healthy sheep with pneumonic lungs slaughtered at Haramaya municipal abattoir and sheep with clinical manifestation presented to the Haramaya veterinary clinic during the study period. (biomedcentral.com)
  • These data indicate that IL-8 is an important neutrophil chemoattractant in both early and well-developed lesions of pneumonic pasteurellosis, but that mediators with actions redundant to those of IL-8 must also be present at these times. (usask.ca)
  • In therapeutic use, antibiotic activity should cover the course of clinical disease in sick animals so that relapses do not occur and pneumonic lesions are given time to resolve: this can be achieved by either the repeated administration of short-acting products or a single administration of a product with persistent efficacy. (asm.org)
  • Pasteurellosis of man is characterized by local lesions in the form of abscesses and phlegmons. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • On the other hand, postmortem lesions including lung consolidation 38.1% (8/21), intestinal hemorrhage 38.1% (8/21), lung congestion 28.6% (6/21), serofibrinous pleurisy 28.6% (6/21), pneumonic lungs 23.8% (5/21) and unilateral lung inflammation 14.3% (3/21), have been discussed in relation to the definitive diagnosis reached. (journalijtdh.com)
  • P multocida has also been reported as a cause of pneumonic pasteurellosis in sheep and goats and has been isolated in herd outbreaks of septic arthritis. (merckvetmanual.com)
  • Pneumonic problems occurred more in dairies that housed their calves inside a building, than those using exterior calf hutches reporting the least mortality rate from pneumonia. (medigraphic.com)
  • Role of platelet-activating factor in alveolar septal injury associated with experimentally induced pneumonic pasteurellosis in calves. (naver.com)
  • Bacterial isolations from tracheal and bronchial washes obtained with the aid of a fibreoptic endoscope were carried out over a 7 month period in a feedlot on calves suffering from acute pneumonic pasteurellosis. (up.ac.za)
  • Pneumonic pasteurellosis is most commonly seen in recently weaned, single-suckled beef calves after housing or transport to a new herd/premises. (farmhealthonline.com)
  • are the primary cause of pneumonic pasteurellosis, nevertheless, viral infections and stress (travel, transport, new environment, mixing with new animals etc.) are important factors that predispose calves to the disease. (farmhealthonline.com)
  • B trehalosi T3, T4, T10, and T15 have been most often associated with the systemic or septicemic form of pasteurellosis affecting lambs. (merckvetmanual.com)
  • Ewes may be vaccinated during pregnancy as an aid in the control of lamb dysentery, pulpy kidney, tetanus and pasteurellosis in their lambs provided that the lambs receive sufficient immune colostrum during the first 1-2 days of life. (viovet.co.uk)
  • Although the vaccine may be safely used in pregnant ewes as an aid in the control of pulpy kidney, tetanus and pasteurellosis in their lambs, the vaccine contains no lamb dysentery component and therefore control of this important disease cannot be achieved by its use. (viovet.co.uk)
  • Although not recommended, ewes may be vaccinated during pregnancy as an aid in the control of pulpy kidney, tetanus and pasteurellosis in their lambs provided that the lambs receive sufficient immune colostrum during the first 1-2 days of life. (viovet.co.uk)
  • The vaccine may be used in pregnant ewes as an aid in the control of pasteurellosis in their lambs provided that the lambs receive sufficient immune colostrum during the first 1-2 days of life. (hyperdrug.co.uk)
  • In adult breeding ewes these yearly booster injections should be given during the pre-lambing period, 4-6 weeks pre-lambing, as an aid in the control of pasteurellosis in their lambs. (hyperdrug.co.uk)
  • The condition may resolve completely (Swine Influenza), result in permanent lung damage (pleuropneumonia) or progress to death, sometimes with froth on the lips (pasteurellosis, pleuropneumonia). (pigprogress.net)
  • Pasteurellosis is an infectious disease caused byPasteurella multocida, a Gram-negative coccobacillus .The disease is characterized by congestion and haemorrhage of young skin. (marphavet.com)
  • Pasteurellosis is an infectious disease caused by Pasteurella multocida , a Gram-negative coccobacillus. (marphavet.com)
  • Pneumonic pasteurellosis due to P. multocida is common and is of major economic importance for industrial pig production ( 41 ). (asm.org)
  • Based on the information obtained from the districts veterinary services large and small ruminant pasteurellosis is one of the major health problems and the vaccination is done by purchasing the recommended vaccine from the National Veterinary Institute (NVI) which is developed from only P. multocida type A, resulting poor vaccine efficacy. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Hence this study was conducted to determine the causative agents and their antimicrobial susceptibility pattern of bacterial Pasteurella isolates among pneumonic ovine in Haramaya district, Eastern Hararghe, Ethiopia. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Anthrax, gas gangrene caused by clostridial bacteria, certain snake bites, systemic and pneumonic pasteurellosis (see below) should be considered, as these can occasionally give rise to similar swellings. (infonet-biovision.org)
  • The vaccine may be used as an aid in the control of pneumonic pasteurellosis in sheep of all ages from a minimum age of 3 weeks and in the control of systemic pasteurellosis in weaned fattening and breeding sheep. (viovet.co.uk)
  • It causes shipping fever (see pasteurellosis, pneumonic), haemorrhagic bacteraemia, and intestinal disease in animals. (lexic.us)
  • Presponse family of vaccine is for the prevention of pneumonic pastuerellosis, otherwise known as shipping fever. (animalhealthexpress.com)
  • We conclude that group 2 bulls were made more susceptible to experimental pneumonic pasteurellosis by stressful exercise. (eurekamag.com)
  • Pneumonic pigs often lose condition rapidly as the energy needed to gain air is considerable, food intake has fallen drastically and the damage to the lungs leads to increased load on the heart, gradual heart failure and congestion (blue/purple colour) of the extremities. (pigprogress.net)
  • Even though there had been research works done on animal health in Tigray region, there is no evidence that shows the clear picture of the serotypes causing pasteurellosis in the study districts. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Prevention and control of pneumonic pasteurellosis has centred on the predisposing factors in combination with vaccination where herds are at high risk. (farmhealthonline.com)
  • Pre-treatment of pneumonic BAL fluid samples with a neutralizing antibody to IL-8, compared to pretreatment with a control antibody, reduced the 'in vitro' neutrophil chemotactic activity significantly, by 15-63% in 9/10 samples. (usask.ca)
  • Vaccine against swine pasteurellosis is given twice a year. (marphavet.com)
  • On farms where the incidence of pasteurellosis is high, a supplementary booster injection using a Pasteurella vaccine may be required 2-3 weeks prior to expected seasonal outbreaks. (viovet.co.uk)
  • There was a great team spirit and the research led to a vaccine, which, for the first time, was shown to protect against pneumonic pasteurellosis in sheep. (bmj.com)
  • We investigated the microbial and clinico-pathological patterns associated with ovine pneumonic pasturellosis during an outbreak. (nih.gov)
  • In Ethiopia, goat pasteurellosis caused by Pasteurella is more prevalent and where outbreak occur lead to high mortality. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Study of the prevalent serotype of Ovine pasteurellosis in the high land of Eastern Amhara sub-region. (biomedcentral.com)
  • There are vaccines available which are effective in preventing pasteurellosis. (farmhealthonline.com)
  • The symptoms of pasteurellosis in animals include elevated temperature, anorexia, severe prostration, and accelerated pulse and respiratory rates. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • An ovine model of pneumonic pasteurellosis was developed to ascertain the effects of in vivo neutralization of IL-8 on the development of disease. (usask.ca)