Tobacco Smoke Pollution: Contamination of the air by tobacco smoke.Tobacco: A plant genus of the family SOLANACEAE. Members contain NICOTINE and other biologically active chemicals; its dried leaves are used for SMOKING.Tobacco Industry: The aggregate business enterprise of agriculture, manufacture, and distribution related to tobacco and tobacco-derived products.Tobacco, Smokeless: Powdered or cut pieces of leaves of NICOTIANA TABACUM which are inhaled through the nose, chewed, or stored in cheek pouches. It includes any product of tobacco that is not smoked.Tobacco Use Disorder: Tobacco used to the detriment of a person's health or social functioning. Tobacco dependence is included.Tobacco Use Cessation: Ending the TOBACCO habits of smoking, chewing, or snuff use.Tobacco Mosaic Virus: The type species of TOBAMOVIRUS which causes mosaic disease of tobacco. Transmission occurs by mechanical inoculation.Plants, Toxic: Plants or plant parts which are harmful to man or other animals.Tobacco Products: Substances and products derived from NICOTIANA TABACUM.Smoking: Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.Immunization, Passive: Transfer of immunity from immunized to non-immune host by administration of serum antibodies, or transplantation of lymphocytes (ADOPTIVE TRANSFER).Tobacco Use: Use of TOBACCO (Nicotiana tabacum L) and TOBACCO PRODUCTS.Smoking Cessation: Discontinuation of the habit of smoking, the inhaling and exhaling of tobacco smoke.Advertising as Topic: The act or practice of calling public attention to a product, service, need, etc., especially by paid announcements in newspapers, magazines, on radio, or on television. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Marketing: Activity involved in transfer of goods from producer to consumer or in the exchange of services.Plants, Genetically Modified: PLANTS, or their progeny, whose GENOME has been altered by GENETIC ENGINEERING.Lobbying: A process whereby representatives of a particular interest group attempt to influence governmental decision makers to accept the policy desires of the lobbying organization.Taxes: Governmental levies on property, inheritance, gifts, etc.Passive Cutaneous Anaphylaxis: An evanescent cutaneous reaction occurring when antibody is injected into a local area on the skin and antigen is subsequently injected intravenously along with a dye. The dye makes the rapidly occurring capillary dilatation and increased vascular permeability readily visible by leakage into the reaction site. PCA is a sensitive reaction for detecting very small quantities of antibodies and is also a method for studying the mechanisms of immediate hypersensitivity.Nicotine: Nicotine is highly toxic alkaloid. It is the prototypical agonist at nicotinic cholinergic receptors where it dramatically stimulates neurons and ultimately blocks synaptic transmission. Nicotine is also important medically because of its presence in tobacco smoke.Cotinine: The N-glucuronide conjugate of cotinine is a major urinary metabolite of NICOTINE. It thus serves as a biomarker of exposure to tobacco SMOKING. It has CNS stimulating properties.Commerce: The interchange of goods or commodities, especially on a large scale, between different countries or between populations within the same country. It includes trade (the buying, selling, or exchanging of commodities, whether wholesale or retail) and business (the purchase and sale of goods to make a profit). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, p411, p2005 & p283)Public Relations: Relations of an individual, association, organization, hospital, or corporation with the publics which it must take into consideration in carrying out its functions. Publics may include consumers, patients, pressure groups, departments, etc.Motion Therapy, Continuous Passive: Movement of a body part initiated and maintained by a mechanical or electrical device to restore normal range of motion to joints, muscles, or tendons after surgery, prosthesis implantation, contracture flexion, or long immobilization.Tobacco Use Cessation Products: Items used to aid in ending a TOBACCO habit.Product Packaging: Form in which product is processed or wrapped and labeled. PRODUCT LABELING is also available.SmokeRespiratory Tract DiseasesRespiration Disorders: Diseases of the respiratory system in general or unspecified or for a specific respiratory disease not available.Air Pollution, Indoor: The contamination of indoor air.Air Pollutants: Any substance in the air which could, if present in high enough concentration, harm humans, animals, vegetation or material. Substances include GASES; PARTICULATE MATTER; and volatile ORGANIC CHEMICALS.Newcastle disease virus: The most well known avian paramyxovirus in the genus AVULAVIRUS and the cause of a highly infectious pneumoencephalitis in fowl. It is also reported to cause CONJUNCTIVITIS in humans. Transmission is by droplet inhalation or ingestion of contaminated water or food.Genetics: The branch of science concerned with the means and consequences of transmission and generation of the components of biological inheritance. (Stedman, 26th ed)Genetics, Medical: A subdiscipline of human genetics which entails the reliable prediction of certain human disorders as a function of the lineage and/or genetic makeup of an individual or of any two parents or potential parents.Newcastle Disease: An acute febrile, contagious, viral disease of birds caused by an AVULAVIRUS called NEWCASTLE DISEASE VIRUS. It is characterized by respiratory and nervous symptoms in fowl and is transmissible to man causing a severe, but transient conjunctivitis.Genetic Services: Organized services to provide diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of genetic disorders.Genetic Counseling: An educational process that provides information and advice to individuals or families about a genetic condition that may affect them. The purpose is to help individuals make informed decisions about marriage, reproduction, and other health management issues based on information about the genetic disease, the available diagnostic tests, and management programs. Psychosocial support is usually offered.MichiganPubMed: A bibliographic database that includes MEDLINE as its primary subset. It is produced by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), part of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. PubMed, which is searchable through NLM's Web site, also includes access to additional citations to selected life sciences journals not in MEDLINE, and links to other resources such as the full-text of articles at participating publishers' Web sites, NCBI's molecular biology databases, and PubMed Central.Periodicals as Topic: A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.BooksPublishing: "The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.MEDLINE: The premier bibliographic database of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. MEDLINE® (MEDLARS Online) is the primary subset of PUBMED and can be searched on NLM's Web site in PubMed or the NLM Gateway. MEDLINE references are indexed with MEDICAL SUBJECT HEADINGS (MeSH).Cardiovascular Nursing: A specialty concerned with the nursing care of patients suffering from disorders of the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM as well as those identified as at risk for adverse cardiac or vascular events.Home Care Services: Community health and NURSING SERVICES providing coordinated multiple services to the patient at the patient's homes. These home-care services are provided by a visiting nurse, home health agencies, HOSPITALS, or organized community groups using professional staff for care delivery. It differs from HOME NURSING which is provided by non-professionals.Caffeine: A methylxanthine naturally occurring in some beverages and also used as a pharmacological agent. Caffeine's most notable pharmacological effect is as a central nervous system stimulant, increasing alertness and producing agitation. It also relaxes SMOOTH MUSCLE, stimulates CARDIAC MUSCLE, stimulates DIURESIS, and appears to be useful in the treatment of some types of headache. Several cellular actions of caffeine have been observed, but it is not entirely clear how each contributes to its pharmacological profile. Among the most important are inhibition of cyclic nucleotide PHOSPHODIESTERASES, antagonism of ADENOSINE RECEPTORS, and modulation of intracellular calcium handling.Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Energy Drinks: Beverages consumed as stimulants and tonics. They usually contain a combination of CAFFEINE with other substances such as herbal supplements; VITAMINS; AMINO ACIDS; and sugar or sugar derivatives.Wakefulness: A state in which there is an enhanced potential for sensitivity and an efficient responsiveness to external stimuli.Cacao: A tree of the family Sterculiaceae (or Byttneriaceae), usually Theobroma cacao, or its seeds, which after fermentation and roasting, yield cocoa and chocolate.Sleep Deprivation: The state of being deprived of sleep under experimental conditions, due to life events, or from a wide variety of pathophysiologic causes such as medication effect, chronic illness, psychiatric illness, or sleep disorder.Psychotropic Drugs: A loosely defined grouping of drugs that have effects on psychological function. Here the psychotropic agents include the antidepressive agents, hallucinogens, and tranquilizing agents (including the antipsychotics and anti-anxiety agents).
  • 0.001) effects on serum cotinine levels after active (60.6 ± 34.3 versus 61.3 ± 36.6 ng/ml) and passive (2.4 ± 0.9 versus 2.6 ± 0.6 ng/ml) smoking. (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • The relationship between household tobacco smoke exposure and wheezing and nonwheezing lower respiratory tract illnesses in young children was investigated using both a questionnaire and the urinary cotinine/creatinine ratio to assess passive smoking. (who.int)
  • La relation entre l'exposition à la fumée de tabac dans le milieu familial et les maladies des voies respiratoires inférieures avec ou sans respiration sifflante chez les jeunes enfants a été étudiée au moyen d'un questionnaire et en utilisant le taux de créatine/cotinine urinaire pour évaluer le tabagisme passif. (who.int)
  • The current study was conducted therefore to investigate the relationship of household tobacco smoke exposure to wheezing and nonwheezing LRTIs in young children using both a questionnaire and the urinary cotinine/creatinine ratio (CCR) to assess passive smoking. (who.int)
  • Similarly, the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention describes tobacco use as "the single most important preventable risk to human health in developed countries and an important cause of premature death worldwide. (wikipedia.org)
  • The researchers compared the constituents of room air during passive vaping to those present during passive smoking. (blogspot.com)
  • This implies a knowledge of the relative contributions of a myriad of tobacco constituents to CVD, which simply does not exist. (nap.edu)
  • There has been much research on the carcinogenic effects of tobacco smoke and its constituents, but given the typical dose-response relationships for cancer end points and the difference in latency periods between cancer and secondhand-smoke-related cardiovascular effects, the modes of action underlying cancer and cardiovascular effects are likely to be different. (nap.edu)
  • The risks of passive smoking among the children who are exposed to it are manifold and disheartening. (eletsonline.com)
  • No such risks were noted for passive smoke exposures, which were limited to information about household sources of exposure in that same baseline questionnaire. (aacrjournals.org)
  • Many retail businesses across Tasmania have already transitioned to no longer selling tobacco due to a number of factors including the low profit margin of tobacco products, increasing licence fee and increased security risks. (cancertas.org.au)
  • Airliner Cabin Environment: Contaminant Measurements, Health Risks, and Mitigation Options - One must fly 48,440 hours non-stop to inhale the equivalent of one cigarette, and cosmic radiations are 507 times more dangerous than passive smoke. (forces.org)
  • Parents' assessment of their own level of smoking may be inaccurate and objective biochemical measures of passive smoking are needed to identify its risks. (who.int)
  • There are health-related risks associated with passive smoking too. (rug.nl)
  • Recent studies comparing women exposed to Environmental Tobacco Smoke and non-exposed women, demonstrate that women exposed while pregnant have higher risks of delivering a child with congenital abnormalities, longer lengths, smaller head circumferences, and low birth weight. (worldebookfair.com)
  • Risks vary according to the amount of tobacco smoked, with those who smoke more at greater risk. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the first study of human exposure produced by passive vaping under real-life conditions, researchers from Italy and Greece found no chemicals of concern in room air while five electronic cigarette users vaped for a five-hour session in a 60 cubic meter closed room. (blogspot.com)
  • Not only can we say that there is currently no evidence that passive vaping is harmful, but we can now say that the first study to examine passive vaping under realistic conditions found no chemicals of concern in the ambient air. (blogspot.com)
  • Stan Glantz and others have been using that study to argue that passive vaping is hazardous to bystanders. (blogspot.com)
  • The rest of the story is that there is no current evidence that passive vaping poses any significant threat to the health of bystanders. (blogspot.com)
  • Although the investigators aimed to identify VOCs "under near-to-real-use conditions to estimate the effect of 'passive vaping,'" the use of a 6 foot cubed chamber is not real-world. (blogspot.com)
  • They answered their title question, "Does E-cigarette Consumption Cause Passive Vaping? (blogspot.com)
  • Environmental tobacco smoke increases the risk of spontaneous abortion. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • 23 In a series of careful analyses of the CPS-II data set, Steenland and colleagues demonstrate that passive smoking increases the risk of death from heart disease. (ahajournals.org)
  • The California Environmental Protection Agency concluded in 2005 that passive smoking increases the risk of breast cancer in younger, primarily premenopausal women by 70% and the US Surgeon General has concluded that the evidence is "suggestive," but still insufficient to assert such a causal relationship. (worldebookfair.com)
  • Attention Getter: WHO once published data in May 2017: 'Tobacco kills more than 7 million people each year. (ipl.org)
  • Non-smoking women exposed to other people's tobacco smoke during pregnancy are more likely to have lower weight babies. (kingcounty.gov)
  • In the body, carcinogens from tobacco smoke can bind to blood proteins and to DNA , and can thus produce gene mutations and chromosomal abnormalities . (greenfacts.org)
  • Sidestream smoke, emitted directly into the air during burning of a tobacco product between puffs, contains considerably higher concentrations of many carcinogens and toxic substances (table 2 ⇓ ), but is diluted into a larger volume of air. (ersjournals.com)
  • III.Conference of the Parties to the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control. (who.int)
  • A Canadian study of 27,000 people has showed exposure to any form of tobacco - including chewing and 'bubble' pipes - boosts heart attack risk. (lankalibrary.com)
  • A more broad definition may include simply taking tobacco smoke into the mouth, and then releasing it, as is done by some with tobacco pipes and cigars. (wikipedia.org)
  • Eastern North American tribes would carry large amounts of tobacco in pouches as a readily accepted trade item and would often smoke it in Ceremonial pipes, either in sacred ceremonies or to seal bargains. (wikipedia.org)
  • Inevitably, under the authority of the institutions who conduct them as well as those who provide the funding, these studies rely upon vague and non-verifiable memories , the ONLY basis upon which the imprimatur of "scientific evidence" on the harm of passive smoke rests. (forces.org)
  • Today, 1 in 10 deaths among adults ecumenical - more than five million people a year only by tobacco use. (ipl.org)