Parental Consent: Informed consent given by a parent on behalf of a minor or otherwise incompetent child.Minors: A person who has not attained the age at which full civil rights are accorded.Informed Consent: Voluntary authorization, by a patient or research subject, with full comprehension of the risks involved, for diagnostic or investigative procedures, and for medical and surgical treatment.Child Advocacy: Promotion and protection of the rights of children; frequently through a legal process.Abortion, Legal: Termination of pregnancy under conditions allowed under local laws. (POPLINE Thesaurus, 1991)Suburban Health Services: Health services, public or private, in suburban areas. The services include the promotion of health and the delivery of health care.Parental Notification: Reporting to parents or guardians about care to be provided to a minor (MINORS).Consent Forms: Documents describing a medical treatment or research project, including proposed procedures, risks, and alternatives, that are to be signed by an individual, or the individual's proxy, to indicate his/her understanding of the document and a willingness to undergo the treatment or to participate in the research.Parents: Persons functioning as natural, adoptive, or substitute parents. The heading includes the concept of parenthood as well as preparation for becoming a parent.Presumed Consent: An institutional policy of granting authority to health personnel to perform procedures on patients or to remove organs from cadavers for transplantation unless an objection is registered by family members or by the patient prior to death. This also includes emergency care of minors without prior parental consent.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Third-Party Consent: Informed consent given by someone other than the patient or research subject.

Voluntary euthanasia under control? Further empirical evidence from The Netherlands. (1/200)

Nineteen ninety-six saw the publication of a major Dutch survey into euthanasia in the Netherlands. This paper outlines the main statistical findings of this survey and considers whether it shows that voluntary euthanasia is under effective control in the Netherlands. The paper concludes that although there has been some improvement in compliance with procedural requirements, the practice of voluntary euthanasia remains beyond effective control.  (+info)

Should Zelen pre-randomised consent designs be used in some neonatal trials? (2/200)

My aim is to suggest that there is a case for using a randomised consent design in some neonatal trials. As an example I use the trials of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in neonates suffering pulmonary hypertension. In some trials the process of obtaining consent has the potential to harm the subject, for example, by disappointing those who end in the control group and by creating additional anxiety at times of acute illness. An example of such were the trials of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in neonates suffering pulmonary hypertension. Pre-randomised consent could avoid or lessen these harms. However, a number of ethical objections are made to these research designs. They involve denial of information, using people, denial of choice, and "overselling" of allocated treatment. Furthermore, they are the wrong response; better communication might be the answer, for example. I argue that these objections are not completely persuasive. However, they are enough to suggest caution in the use of such designs.  (+info)

Should childhood immunisation be compulsory? (3/200)

Immunisation is offered to all age groups in the UK, but is mainly given to infants and school-age children. Such immunisation is not compulsory, in contrast to other countries, such as the United States. Levels of immunisation are generally very high in the UK, but the rates of immunisation vary with the public perception of the risk of side effects. This article discusses whether compulsory vaccination is acceptable by considering individual cases where parents have failed to give consent or have explicitly refused consent for their children to be immunised. In particular, the rights of: a parent to rear his/her child according to his/her own standards; the child to receive health care, and the community to be protected from vaccine-preventable infectious disease are considered. The conclusion of the article is that compulsory vaccination cannot, with very few exceptions, be justified in the UK, in view of the high levels of population immunity which currently exist.  (+info)

Parental consent to publicity. (4/200)

The problems presented by the use of named child patients and their medical histories in television, radio and newspapers is discussed. It is suggested that it is not acceptable to regard this as comparable to their participation in non-therapeutic research, and that no one, not even the parent has the authority to give consent to such use.  (+info)

Withholding/withdrawing treatment from neonates: legislation and official guidelines across Europe. (5/200)

Representatives from eight European countries compared the legal, ethical and professional settings within which decision making for neonates takes place. When it comes to limiting treatment there is general agreement across all countries that overly aggressive treatment is to be discouraged. Nevertheless, strong emphasis has been placed on the need for compassionate care even where cure is not possible. Where a child will die irrespective of medical intervention, there is widespread acceptance of the practice of limiting aggressive treatment or alleviating suffering even if death may be hastened as a result. Where the infant could be saved but the future outlook is bleak there is more debate, but only two countries have tested the courts with such cases. When it comes to the active intentional ending of life, the legal position is standard across Europe; it is prohibited. However, recognising those intractable situations where death may be lingering and unpleasant, Dutch paediatricians have reported that they do sometimes assist babies to die with parental consent. Two cases have been tried through the courts and recent official recommendations have set out standards by which such actions may be assessed.  (+info)

The family rule: a framework for obtaining ethical consent for medical interventions from children. (6/200)

Children's consent to treatment remains a contentious topic, with confusing legal precepts and advice. This paper proposes that informed consent in children should be regarded as shared between children and their families, the balance being determined by implicit, developmentally based negotiations between child and parent--a "family rule" for consent. Consistent, operationalized procedures for ethically obtaining consent can be derived from its application to both routine and contentious situations. Therefore, use of the "family Rule" concept can consistently define negligent procedure in obtaining consent from children, and could be used as a unifying framework in the development of new professional guidelines. A "guideline"-based approach to children's consent to treatment may offer greater individuality than a "rights"-based approach, though careful training and oversight will be needed for it to be effective.  (+info)

Immunization and the American way: 4 childhood vaccines. (7/200)

Childhood immunization constitutes one of the great success stories of American public health in the 20th century. This essay provides a historical examination of this topic through 4 particularly important examples: diphtheria, pertussis, polio, and measles. Each case study illustrates how new vaccines have posed unique challenges related to basic science, clinical trial methodology, medical ethics, and public acceptance. A brief comparison of each story to the experience of Great Britain, however, suggests an underlying unity connecting all 4 examples. Whereas the British led the way in introducing formal clinical trial methodology in the field of immunization development, the Americans excelled in the rapid translation of laboratory knowledge into strategies suitable for mass application. Although this distinction appears to have diminished in recent years, it offers insight into the sources of creativity underlying American vaccine development and the corresponding difficulties sometimes created for utilizing vaccines fruits rationally.  (+info)

Parental consent to cosmetic facial surgery in Down's syndrome. (8/200)

It is suggested that the practice of attempting to normalise children with Down's syndrome by subjecting them to major facial plastic surgery has no therapeutic benefit, and should be seen as multilating surgery comparable to female circumcision.  (+info)

  • Lt. Gov. Dan Patrick and the Texas Senate today demonstrated they "have no sense of irony or shame" after endorsing a double standard requiring minors to obtain parental consent to join a labor union in Texas, Texas AFL-CIO President John Patrick said. (texasaflcio.org)
  • Parental consent laws (also known as parental involvement laws) in some countries require that one or more parents consent to or be notified before their minor child can legally engage in certain activities. (wikipedia.org)
  • as a parent of 2 children i just cant fathom other parents just letting this happen,if my kids were jabbed without my consent all hell would break loose. (abovetopsecret.com)
  • The U.S. Federal Trade Commission, after a long debate including public comment, has allowed the use of a new method involving facial recognition and phone or webcam photographs of parents to verify that the person providing consent for a child to use an online service is indeed the child's parent. (pcworld.com)
  • The COPPA Rule currently allows parents to mail, fax or send electronic scans of consent forms, call specified toll-free numbers with their consent, or use their bank or credit cards for payments. (pcworld.com)
  • The Genetic Interest Group, Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Trust and UCL Institute for Child Health have written to health minister Lord Darzi calling for an amendment to the human fertilisation and embryology bill which would allow parents to consent to their child's genetic material being used in medical research. (politics.co.uk)
  • They point out in most other medical procedures, for example consenting to high-risk surgery, the burden of consent lies with the parents. (politics.co.uk)
  • Furthermore, some parents may feel that their right to determine the activities of their children is violated if signed parental consent is not obtained. (psu.edu)
  • Only 98 (27.5%) parents consented to involve their child in clinical research. (who.int)
  • Parents' rate of consent was positively correlated with the research being non-invasive and the belief that research was of benefit to their child and negatively correlated with belief that refusal may negatively affect the care provided to their child. (who.int)
  • CNSNews.com) - Thanks to an Obamacare regulation that took effect on Aug. 1, health care plans in Oregon will now be required to provide free sterilizations to 15- year-old girls even if the parents of those girls do not consent to the procedure. (conservativeunderground.com)
  • While many psychologists typically obtain consent from one parent regardless of parental arrangement, many reasons were provided as to why the psychologist decided to obtain consent from one or both parents in each parental arrangement. (pacificu.edu)
  • kasey dennis is dating a minor with parental consent taking a break from dating reddit a rarity among minor hockey parents, not because she loses her temper, but because she admits it. (cecyclii.eu)
  • Clear dialogue between parents and schools is important in making sure parental consent is obtained, that schools have all the information they require about pupils, and when making decisions about whether a pupil has to be excluded from a trip. (atl.org.uk)
  • The reasoning behind the bill is that section 2305 of the public health law currently permits a licensed physician or a staff physician to diagnose and treat a person under the age of 21 infected or exposed to a sexually transmissible disease without the consent or knowledge of the parents or guardians. (blogspot.com)
  • Notice to parents when minor admitted to inpatient treatment without parental consent. (wa.gov)
  • He said he agreed to look into the parental consent issue because he agrees with the Christian Coalition that such a requirement is needed. (spokesman.com)
  • GPs do not need to seek parental consent to prescribe medication if the young person is deemed to be able to understand the nature of the treatment and potential consequences of the treatment. (heraldscotland.com)
  • It added that the complainants step-daughter had not been photographed or interviewed and that as a result it was "not under an obligation to seek parental consent" before naming her. (pressgazette.co.uk)
  • Justia US Law US Codes and Statutes Oregon Revised Statutes 2013 Oregon Revised Statutes Volume : 03 - Landlord-Tenant, Domestic Relations, Probate Chapter 109 - Parent and Child Rights and Relationships Section 109.675 - Right to diagnosis or treatment for mental or emotional disorder or chemical dependency without parental consent. (justia.com)
  • But in a letter released Thursday, the FTC has approved by 4-0 votes the Riyo proposal after determining that the proposed verifiable parent consent (VPC) mechanism is "reasonably calculated, in light of available technology, to ensure that the person providing consent is the child's parent. (pcworld.com)
  • The Federal Trade Commission announced on July 31 that it is seeking public comment on a new verifiable parental consent method application submitted by Riyo under the Children's Online Privacy Protection Act (COPPA) Rule. (jdsupra.com)
  • Turkey's Constitutional Court has ruled that parental consent is necessary for the vaccination of babies and children, handing down a contrasting ruling to the country's Supreme Court of Appeals. (hurriyetdailynews.com)
  • Rules under the Children's Online Privacy Protection Act require websites and online services directed at children to take the consent of the child's parent before collecting personal information of the child. (pcworld.com)
  • Under the current terms of the bill, cells cannot be taken without the child's consent. (politics.co.uk)
  • With other diseases such as Lissencephaly the child's brain does not normally develop beyond six months, meaning the child is not capable of giving consent. (politics.co.uk)
  • d) If the proceeding to terminate parental rights is held prior to an adoption proceeding in which the petitioner is the child's stepparent, or in which the child's birth parent is a resident of a foreign jurisdiction, the child's birth parent may consent to the termination of any parental rights that he or she may have as provided in par. (lawserver.com)
  • If the child was not driving properly the parent could withdraw their consent and ICBC would cancel the child's drivers licence. (boundarysentinel.com)
  • Given the existing regulatory framework that provides for proper informed consent procedures where children are concerned, there is an overwhelming moral argument for the bill to be amended so that consent is brought into line with other health and research activities. (politics.co.uk)
  • Federal law defines "children" as persons who have not attained the legal age for consent to treatments or procedures involved in the research, under the applicable law of the jurisdiction in which the research will be conducted. (psu.edu)
  • In general, protection from these risks may be achieved by (a) ensuring the confidentiality of information obtained about participants, (b) providing access to or information about resources for coping with psychosocial stress caused by the research procedures, and (c) ensuring that the procedures meet the principles of voluntary participation and informed consent. (psu.edu)
  • The purpose of this study was to assess current practices concerning parental consent procedures. (pacificu.edu)
  • Parental Consent Procedures Among Licensed Psychologists in the State of Oregon (Doctoral dissertation, Pacific University). (pacificu.edu)
  • It's illegal for children to give consent for medical procedures. (blogspot.com)
  • A department spokesperson said: "The government believes that some very strong and persuasive arguments have been put forward for cases where, perhaps because the child is suffering from a terminal illness at a very early age, the current consent requirements in the bill are not appropriate and should be revised. (politics.co.uk)
  • c) A person who may be, but who has not been adjudicated as, the father of a nonmarital child may consent to the termination of any parental rights that he may have as provided in par. (lawserver.com)
  • (a) or (b) or by signing a written, notarized statement which recites that he has been informed of and understands the effect of an order to terminate parental rights and that he voluntarily disclaims any rights that he may have to the child, including the right to notice of proceedings under this subchapter. (lawserver.com)
  • (a) or (b) or by filing with the court an affidavit witnessed by 2 persons stating that he or she has been informed of and understands the effect of an order to terminate parental rights and that he or she voluntarily disclaims all rights to the child, including the right to notice of proceedings under this subchapter. (lawserver.com)
  • FORT PAYNE, Ala. - A Fort Payne daycare is under investigation after reports that an employee gave a child medication without parental consent. (whnt.com)
  • DHR Public Information Officer Barry Spear told WHNT News 19 that giving any sort of medication to a child without written parental consent is against the minimum standards for daycare and nighttime centers in Alabama. (whnt.com)
  • Do you give your child consent to attend the school trip? (hants.sch.uk)
  • Parental permission and child assent were obtained before any research participation. (aappublications.org)
  • 4) It may dispense with the need for consent of any person named in section 2 of chapter 210 to the adoption, custody, guardianship or other disposition of the child named therein. (malegislature.gov)
  • In determining whether such an order should be made, the standards set forth in section 3 of said chapter 210 concerning an order to dispense with the need for consent to adoption of a child shall be applied. (malegislature.gov)
  • The entry of such an order shall have the effect of terminating the rights of a person named therein to receive notice of or to consent to any legal proceeding affecting the custody, guardianship, adoption or other disposition of the child named therein. (malegislature.gov)
  • The Leicester Mercury was entitled to include a teenage school girl's online comments about a "controversial" school uniform policy in its report, despite not having the consent of her guardians. (pressgazette.co.uk)
  • Once the verification and consent process is completed, the identification information submitted by the parent will be deleted within five minutes, according to the FTC . (pcworld.com)
  • 1) The court may terminate the parental rights of a parent after the parent has given his or her consent as specified in this section. (lawserver.com)
  • a) The parent appears personally at the hearing and gives his or her consent to the termination of his or her parental rights. (lawserver.com)
  • The judge may accept the consent only after the judge has explained the effect of termination of parental rights and has questioned the parent, or has permitted an attorney who represents any of the parties to question the parent, and is satisfied that the consent is informed and voluntary. (lawserver.com)
  • These findings shall recite that the embassy or consul official or judge or an attorney who represents any of the parties questioned the parent and found that the consent was informed and voluntary before the embassy or consul official or judge accepted the consent of the parent. (lawserver.com)
  • The primary reason provided was that consent is needed only from one parent, based on Oregon law. (pacificu.edu)
  • Parent may request determination whether minor has mental disorder requiring inpatient treatment - Minor consent not required - Duties and obligations of professional person and facility. (wa.gov)
  • 16-17 - Please have your parent complete the Parental Consent section below. (google.com)
  • If an emancipated minor provides consent for him or herself, the court order must be copied and included in the research records with the consent document. (psu.edu)
  • informed consent information sheet: this bill would remove dating a minor with parental consent the authorization of the orange county superior court to establish the aforementioned pilot project, and would instead authorize all. (cecyclii.eu)
  • Prince George mom Sheila Hanschen was furious when her 15-year-old daughter got a tattoo without her consent. (huffingtonpost.ca)
  • Peony flower caan designs can u get a tattoo at 16 with parental consent even portray the peony in blue and purple also. (lodygowice.info)
  • Starting from a balanced diet to regular exercise- there are so many tactics through which one can u get a tattoo at 16 with parental consent change their overall lifestyle and that too for better. (lodygowice.info)
  • Artistic souls will probably not be satisfied with normal, a bit too can u get a tattoo at 16 with parental consent bet of dragon. (lodygowice.info)
  • I had an idea of what I wanted and showed her can u get a tattoo at 16 with parental consent few pictures thinking she would help me with a design. (lodygowice.info)
  • What's the legal age for having a tattoo with parental consent? (answers.com)
  • Legal Age for Tattoo You have to be 18 to get one without parental consent. (answers.com)
  • So you need parental consent to contract a state-sanctioned marriage under the age of 18 in the U.S., but you, all by yourself, can give full consent to the irreversibility of sterilization at 15? (catholic.org)
  • New York state Assembly and Senate lawmakers have failed to pass bills since 2009 allowing teens to consent on their own to being vaccinated for both HPV and hepatitis B. They tried again this year and it failed. (gosanangelo.com)
  • An ethics complaint regarding parental consent recently was presented to the Oregon Board of Psychologist Examiners, resulting in questions about current practices of licensed psychologists in the state of Oregon. (pacificu.edu)
  • Bill coauthor Rep. Kevin West could not identify any instance of kids in the state being vaccinated without consent at school. (robertscottbell.com)
  • In the united states, age of consent laws christian dating vacation together regarding sexual activity are made at the state level. (cecyclii.eu)
  • By submitting personal information at the Site, you are giving your consent and permission for any use that is consistent with uses stated in this Privacy Policy or disclosed elsewhere at the Site at the point you submit such personal information, and such consent will be presumed by Post Ranch Inn, unless you state otherwise at the time you submit the personal information. (postranchinn.com)
  • New Hampshire is the first state to repeal a parental notice law, according to Dawn Touzin of Planned Parenthood of Northern New England. (chron.com)
  • Washington state removed a parental consent law in 1991. (chron.com)
  • The corporal integrity of the individual shall not be violated except under medical necessity and in cases prescribed by law and shall not be subjected to scientific or medical experiments without their consent," the article states. (hurriyetdailynews.com)
  • As New Jersey was dealing with the with the spread of measles, a bill was introduced in May that would allow teens as young as 14 to be vaccinated against a number of diseases, including HPV, without parental consent. (gosanangelo.com)
  • Joining Whitmire in defending the bill were conservative organizations that argued it restores parental rights and lines of communication within families. (blueridgenow.com)
  • We hope that when this bill reaches the Texas House, it will receive rational consideration and no consent," Patrick said. (texasaflcio.org)
  • Annette McKenzie wants the law to be changed so under-18s cannot be prescribed medication to treat mental health issues without parental consent. (heraldscotland.com)
  • Apparently, the Senate believes minors are mature enough to work in unsafe conditions for low wages without parental permission, but when it comes to improving their working conditions, labor unions are R-rated. (texasaflcio.org)
  • Informed consent is an essential part of therapy in that it provides guidelines for psychologists, expectations for both the client and the therapist, and an agreement between the psychologist and the client regarding the psychological services to be provided. (pacificu.edu)
  • Right to diagnosis or treatment for mental or emotional disorder or chemical dependency without parental consent. (justia.com)