Splanchnic Nerves: The major nerves supplying sympathetic innervation to the abdomen. The greater, lesser, and lowest (or smallest) splanchnic nerves are formed by preganglionic fibers from the spinal cord which pass through the paravertebral ganglia and then to the celiac ganglia and plexuses. The lumbar splanchnic nerves carry fibers which pass through the lumbar paravertebral ganglia to the mesenteric and hypogastric ganglia.Thoracic Cavity: The region of the thorax that includes the PLEURAL CAVITY and MEDIASTINUM.Thoracic NeoplasmsThorax: The upper part of the trunk between the NECK and the ABDOMEN. It contains the chief organs of the circulatory and respiratory systems. (From Stedman, 25th ed)Thoracoscopy: Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the pleural cavity.Hernia, Diaphragmatic: Protrusion of abdominal structures into the THORAX as a result of congenital or traumatic defects in the respiratory DIAPHRAGM.Thoracotomy: Surgical incision into the chest wall.Pleura: The thin serous membrane enveloping the lungs (LUNG) and lining the THORACIC CAVITY. Pleura consist of two layers, the inner visceral pleura lying next to the pulmonary parenchyma and the outer parietal pleura. Between the two layers is the PLEURAL CAVITY which contains a thin film of liquid.Radiography, Thoracic: X-ray visualization of the chest and organs of the thoracic cavity. It is not restricted to visualization of the lungs.Adrenal Medulla: The inner portion of the adrenal gland. Derived from ECTODERM, adrenal medulla consists mainly of CHROMAFFIN CELLS that produces and stores a number of NEUROTRANSMITTERS, mainly adrenaline (EPINEPHRINE) and NOREPINEPHRINE. The activity of the adrenal medulla is regulated by the SYMPATHETIC NERVOUS SYSTEM.Physiology, Comparative: The biological science concerned with similarities or differences in the life-supporting functions and processes of different species.Adrenal Glands: A pair of glands located at the cranial pole of each of the two KIDNEYS. Each adrenal gland is composed of two distinct endocrine tissues with separate embryonic origins, the ADRENAL CORTEX producing STEROIDS and the ADRENAL MEDULLA producing NEUROTRANSMITTERS.Fatal Outcome: Death resulting from the presence of a disease in an individual, as shown by a single case report or a limited number of patients. This should be differentiated from DEATH, the physiological cessation of life and from MORTALITY, an epidemiological or statistical concept.Tomography, X-Ray Computed: Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.Adrenalectomy: Excision of one or both adrenal glands. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Electric Stimulation: Use of electric potential or currents to elicit biological responses.Catecholamines: A general class of ortho-dihydroxyphenylalkylamines derived from tyrosine.Enkephalin, Methionine: One of the endogenous pentapeptides with morphine-like activity. It differs from LEU-ENKEPHALIN by the amino acid METHIONINE in position 5. Its first four amino acid sequence is identical to the tetrapeptide sequence at the N-terminal of BETA-ENDORPHIN.Cosyntropin: A synthetic peptide that is identical to the 24-amino acid segment at the N-terminal of ADRENOCORTICOTROPIC HORMONE. ACTH (1-24), a segment similar in all species, contains the biological activity that stimulates production of CORTICOSTEROIDS in the ADRENAL CORTEX.Sciatic Nerve: A nerve which originates in the lumbar and sacral spinal cord (L4 to S3) and supplies motor and sensory innervation to the lower extremity. The sciatic nerve, which is the main continuation of the sacral plexus, is the largest nerve in the body. It has two major branches, the TIBIAL NERVE and the PERONEAL NERVE.Cats: The domestic cat, Felis catus, of the carnivore family FELIDAE, comprising over 30 different breeds. The domestic cat is descended primarily from the wild cat of Africa and extreme southwestern Asia. Though probably present in towns in Palestine as long ago as 7000 years, actual domestication occurred in Egypt about 4000 years ago. (From Walker's Mammals of the World, 6th ed, p801)Neurons, Efferent: Neurons which send impulses peripherally to activate muscles or secretory cells.Lung: Either of the pair of organs occupying the cavity of the thorax that effect the aeration of the blood.Epinephrine: The active sympathomimetic hormone from the ADRENAL MEDULLA. It stimulates both the alpha- and beta- adrenergic systems, causes systemic VASOCONSTRICTION and gastrointestinal relaxation, stimulates the HEART, and dilates BRONCHI and cerebral vessels. It is used in ASTHMA and CARDIAC FAILURE and to delay absorption of local ANESTHETICS.Peripheral Nerves: The nerves outside of the brain and spinal cord, including the autonomic, cranial, and spinal nerves. Peripheral nerves contain non-neuronal cells and connective tissue as well as axons. The connective tissue layers include, from the outside to the inside, the epineurium, the perineurium, and the endoneurium.Sympathetic Nervous System: The thoracolumbar division of the autonomic nervous system. Sympathetic preganglionic fibers originate in neurons of the intermediolateral column of the spinal cord and project to the paravertebral and prevertebral ganglia, which in turn project to target organs. The sympathetic nervous system mediates the body's response to stressful situations, i.e., the fight or flight reactions. It often acts reciprocally to the parasympathetic system.Optic Nerve: The 2nd cranial nerve which conveys visual information from the RETINA to the brain. The nerve carries the axons of the RETINAL GANGLION CELLS which sort at the OPTIC CHIASM and continue via the OPTIC TRACTS to the brain. The largest projection is to the lateral geniculate nuclei; other targets include the SUPERIOR COLLICULI and the SUPRACHIASMATIC NUCLEI. Though known as the second cranial nerve, it is considered part of the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM.Nerve Fibers: Slender processes of NEURONS, including the AXONS and their glial envelopes (MYELIN SHEATH). Nerve fibers conduct nerve impulses to and from the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM.Atropine: An alkaloid, originally from Atropa belladonna, but found in other plants, mainly SOLANACEAE. Hyoscyamine is the 3(S)-endo isomer of atropine.Denervation: The resection or removal of the nerve to an organ or part. (Dorland, 28th ed)Vagotomy: The interruption or removal of any part of the vagus (10th cranial) nerve. Vagotomy may be performed for research or for therapeutic purposes.Carnivora: An order of MAMMALS, usually flesh eaters with appropriate dentition. Suborders include the terrestrial carnivores Fissipedia, and the aquatic carnivores PINNIPEDIA.Vagus Nerve: The 10th cranial nerve. The vagus is a mixed nerve which contains somatic afferents (from skin in back of the ear and the external auditory meatus), visceral afferents (from the pharynx, larynx, thorax, and abdomen), parasympathetic efferents (to the thorax and abdomen), and efferents to striated muscle (of the larynx and pharynx).Ganglia, Sympathetic: Ganglia of the sympathetic nervous system including the paravertebral and the prevertebral ganglia. Among these are the sympathetic chain ganglia, the superior, middle, and inferior cervical ganglia, and the aorticorenal, celiac, and stellate ganglia.Guanethidine: An antihypertensive agent that acts by inhibiting selectively transmission in post-ganglionic adrenergic nerves. It is believed to act mainly by preventing the release of norepinephrine at nerve endings and causes depletion of norepinephrine in peripheral sympathetic nerve terminals as well as in tissues.Hypophysectomy: Surgical removal or destruction of the hypophysis, or pituitary gland. (Dorland, 28th ed)Nerve Regeneration: Renewal or physiological repair of damaged nerve tissue.Norepinephrine: Precursor of epinephrine that is secreted by the adrenal medulla and is a widespread central and autonomic neurotransmitter. Norepinephrine is the principal transmitter of most postganglionic sympathetic fibers and of the diffuse projection system in the brain arising from the locus ceruleus. It is also found in plants and is used pharmacologically as a sympathomimetic.Pancreatic Hormones: Peptide hormones secreted into the blood by cells in the ISLETS OF LANGERHANS of the pancreas. The alpha cells secrete glucagon; the beta cells secrete insulin; the delta cells secrete somatostatin; and the PP cells secrete pancreatic polypeptide.Phentolamine: A nonselective alpha-adrenergic antagonist. It is used in the treatment of hypertension and hypertensive emergencies, pheochromocytoma, vasospasm of RAYNAUD DISEASE and frostbite, clonidine withdrawal syndrome, impotence, and peripheral vascular disease.Pancreatic Polypeptide: A 36-amino acid pancreatic hormone that is secreted mainly by endocrine cells found at the periphery of the ISLETS OF LANGERHANS and adjacent to cells containing SOMATOSTATIN and GLUCAGON. Pancreatic polypeptide (PP), when administered peripherally, can suppress gastric secretion, gastric emptying, pancreatic enzyme secretion, and appetite. A lack of pancreatic polypeptide (PP) has been associated with OBESITY in rats and mice.Celiac Plexus: A complex network of nerve fibers including sympathetic and parasympathetic efferents and visceral afferents. The celiac plexus is the largest of the autonomic plexuses and is located in the abdomen surrounding the celiac and superior mesenteric arteries.Reflex: An involuntary movement or exercise of function in a part, excited in response to a stimulus applied to the periphery and transmitted to the brain or spinal cord.Trimethaphan: A nicotinic antagonist that has been used as a ganglionic blocker in hypertension, as an adjunct to anesthesia, and to induce hypotension during surgery.Chromaffin System: The cells of the body which stain with chromium salts. They occur along the sympathetic nerves, in the adrenal gland, and in various other organs.Nerve Block: Interruption of NEURAL CONDUCTION in peripheral nerves or nerve trunks by the injection of a local anesthetic agent (e.g., LIDOCAINE; PHENOL; BOTULINUM TOXINS) to manage or treat pain.Cattle: Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.Secretory Rate: The amount of a substance secreted by cells or by a specific organ or organism over a given period of time; usually applies to those substances which are formed by glandular tissues and are released by them into biological fluids, e.g., secretory rate of corticosteroids by the adrenal cortex, secretory rate of gastric acid by the gastric mucosa.Nerve Endings: Branch-like terminations of NERVE FIBERS, sensory or motor NEURONS. Endings of sensory neurons are the beginnings of afferent pathway to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. Endings of motor neurons are the terminals of axons at the muscle cells. Nerve endings which release neurotransmitters are called PRESYNAPTIC TERMINALS.Adrenocorticotropic Hormone: An anterior pituitary hormone that stimulates the ADRENAL CORTEX and its production of CORTICOSTEROIDS. ACTH is a 39-amino acid polypeptide of which the N-terminal 24-amino acid segment is identical in all species and contains the adrenocorticotrophic activity. Upon further tissue-specific processing, ACTH can yield ALPHA-MSH and corticotrophin-like intermediate lobe peptide (CLIP).Nasal Cavity: The proximal portion of the respiratory passages on either side of the NASAL SEPTUM. Nasal cavities, extending from the nares to the NASOPHARYNX, are lined with ciliated NASAL MUCOSA.Sural Nerve: A branch of the tibial nerve which supplies sensory innervation to parts of the lower leg and foot.Median Nerve: A major nerve of the upper extremity. In humans, the fibers of the median nerve originate in the lower cervical and upper thoracic spinal cord (usually C6 to T1), travel via the brachial plexus, and supply sensory and motor innervation to parts of the forearm and hand.Facial Nerve: The 7th cranial nerve. The facial nerve has two parts, the larger motor root which may be called the facial nerve proper, and the smaller intermediate or sensory root. Together they provide efferent innervation to the muscles of facial expression and to the lacrimal and SALIVARY GLANDS, and convey afferent information for TASTE from the anterior two-thirds of the TONGUE and for TOUCH from the EXTERNAL EAR.Hexamethonium Compounds: Compounds containing the hexamethylenebis(trimethylammonium) cation. Members of this group frequently act as antihypertensive agents and selective ganglionic blocking agents.Nerve Crush: Treatment of muscles and nerves under pressure as a result of crush injuries.Peripheral Nerve Injuries: Injuries to the PERIPHERAL NERVES.Tibial Nerve: The medial terminal branch of the sciatic nerve. The tibial nerve fibers originate in lumbar and sacral spinal segments (L4 to S2). They supply motor and sensory innervation to parts of the calf and foot.Ulnar Nerve: A major nerve of the upper extremity. In humans, the fibers of the ulnar nerve originate in the lower cervical and upper thoracic spinal cord (usually C7 to T1), travel via the medial cord of the brachial plexus, and supply sensory and motor innervation to parts of the hand and forearm.Vasoactive Intestinal Peptide: A highly basic, 28 amino acid neuropeptide released from intestinal mucosa. It has a wide range of biological actions affecting the cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, and respiratory systems and is neuroprotective. It binds special receptors (RECEPTORS, VASOACTIVE INTESTINAL PEPTIDE).Stomach: An organ of digestion situated in the left upper quadrant of the abdomen between the termination of the ESOPHAGUS and the beginning of the DUODENUM.Propranolol: A widely used non-cardioselective beta-adrenergic antagonist. Propranolol has been used for MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION; ARRHYTHMIA; ANGINA PECTORIS; HYPERTENSION; HYPERTHYROIDISM; MIGRAINE; PHEOCHROMOCYTOMA; and ANXIETY but adverse effects instigate replacement by newer drugs.Dopamine beta-HydroxylasePeritoneal Cavity: The space enclosed by the peritoneum. It is divided into two portions, the greater sac and the lesser sac or omental bursa, which lies behind the STOMACH. The two sacs are connected by the foramen of Winslow, or epiploic foramen.Blood Pressure: PRESSURE of the BLOOD on the ARTERIES and other BLOOD VESSELS.Acetylcholine: A neurotransmitter found at neuromuscular junctions, autonomic ganglia, parasympathetic effector junctions, a subset of sympathetic effector junctions, and at many sites in the central nervous system.Liver Glycogen: Glycogen stored in the liver. (Dorland, 28th ed)Femoral Nerve: A nerve originating in the lumbar spinal cord (usually L2 to L4) and traveling through the lumbar plexus to provide motor innervation to extensors of the thigh and sensory innervation to parts of the thigh, lower leg, and foot, and to the hip and knee joints.Autonomic Nervous System: The ENTERIC NERVOUS SYSTEM; PARASYMPATHETIC NERVOUS SYSTEM; and SYMPATHETIC NERVOUS SYSTEM taken together. Generally speaking, the autonomic nervous system regulates the internal environment during both peaceful activity and physical or emotional stress. Autonomic activity is controlled and integrated by the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM, especially the HYPOTHALAMUS and the SOLITARY NUCLEUS, which receive information relayed from VISCERAL AFFERENTS.Spinal Nerves: The 31 paired peripheral nerves formed by the union of the dorsal and ventral spinal roots from each spinal cord segment. The spinal nerve plexuses and the spinal roots are also included.Bombesin: A tetradecapeptide originally obtained from the skins of toads Bombina bombina and B. variegata. It is also an endogenous neurotransmitter in many animals including mammals. Bombesin affects vascular and other smooth muscle, gastric secretion, and renal circulation and function.Glucagon: A 29-amino acid pancreatic peptide derived from proglucagon which is also the precursor of intestinal GLUCAGON-LIKE PEPTIDES. Glucagon is secreted by PANCREATIC ALPHA CELLS and plays an important role in regulation of BLOOD GLUCOSE concentration, ketone metabolism, and several other biochemical and physiological processes. (From Gilman et al., Goodman and Gilman's The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, 9th ed, p1511)Dissection: The separation and isolation of tissues for surgical purposes, or for the analysis or study of their structures.Medulla Oblongata: The lower portion of the BRAIN STEM. It is inferior to the PONS and anterior to the CEREBELLUM. Medulla oblongata serves as a relay station between the brain and the spinal cord, and contains centers for regulating respiratory, vasomotor, cardiac, and reflex activities.Chromaffin Cells: Cells that store epinephrine secretory vesicles. During times of stress, the nervous system signals the vesicles to secrete their hormonal content. Their name derives from their ability to stain a brownish color with chromic salts. Characteristically, they are located in the adrenal medulla and paraganglia (PARAGANGLIA, CHROMAFFIN) of the sympathetic nervous system.Dogs: The domestic dog, Canis familiaris, comprising about 400 breeds, of the carnivore family CANIDAE. They are worldwide in distribution and live in association with people. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1065)Gastrointestinal Motility: The motor activity of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT.Neuropeptide Y: A 36-amino acid peptide present in many organs and in many sympathetic noradrenergic neurons. It has vasoconstrictor and natriuretic activity and regulates local blood flow, glandular secretion, and smooth muscle activity. The peptide also stimulates feeding and drinking behavior and influences secretion of pituitary hormones.Trigeminal Nerve: The 5th and largest cranial nerve. The trigeminal nerve is a mixed motor and sensory nerve. The larger sensory part forms the ophthalmic, mandibular, and maxillary nerves which carry afferents sensitive to external or internal stimuli from the skin, muscles, and joints of the face and mouth and from the teeth. Most of these fibers originate from cells of the TRIGEMINAL GANGLION and project to the TRIGEMINAL NUCLEUS of the brain stem. The smaller motor part arises from the brain stem trigeminal motor nucleus and innervates the muscles of mastication.Nerve Growth Factor: NERVE GROWTH FACTOR is the first of a series of neurotrophic factors that were found to influence the growth and differentiation of sympathetic and sensory neurons. It is comprised of alpha, beta, and gamma subunits. The beta subunit is responsible for its growth stimulating activity.Hydrocortisone: The main glucocorticoid secreted by the ADRENAL CORTEX. Its synthetic counterpart is used, either as an injection or topically, in the treatment of inflammation, allergy, collagen diseases, asthma, adrenocortical deficiency, shock, and some neoplastic conditions.Enkephalins: One of the three major families of endogenous opioid peptides. The enkephalins are pentapeptides that are widespread in the central and peripheral nervous systems and in the adrenal medulla.Nerve Growth Factors: Factors which enhance the growth potentialities of sensory and sympathetic nerve cells.Gastric Juice: The liquid secretion of the stomach mucosa consisting of hydrochloric acid (GASTRIC ACID); PEPSINOGENS; INTRINSIC FACTOR; GASTRIN; MUCUS; and the bicarbonate ion (BICARBONATES). (From Best & Taylor's Physiological Basis of Medical Practice, 12th ed, p651)Ferrets: Semidomesticated variety of European polecat much used for hunting RODENTS and/or RABBITS and as a laboratory animal. It is in the subfamily Mustelinae, family MUSTELIDAE.

*Cardiopulmonary nerves

Parasympathetic cardiopulmonary nerves arise from the recurrent laryngeal nerves and the thoracic vagi immediately distal to ... Cardiopulmonary nerves are splanchnic nerves that are postsynaptic and sympathetic. They originate in cervical and upper ... thoracic ganglia and innervate the thoracic cavity. All major sympathetic cardiopulmonary nerves arise from the stellate ... These interconnects with the sympathetic cardiopulmonary nerves to form the ventral and dorsal cardiopulmonary plexuses. Moore ...

*Outline of human anatomy

Thoracic ganglia Greater splanchnic nerve Lesser splanchnic nerve Least splanchnic nerve Lumbar ganglia Lumbar splanchnic ... Thigh Knee Leg Foot Cavities Cranial cavity Spinal cavity Thoracic cavity Abdominopelvic cavity Abdominal cavity Pelvic cavity ... nerves Sacral ganglia Sacral splanchnic nerves Ganglion impar Parasympathetic part Cranial part Ciliary ganglion Short ciliary ... Thoracic nerves Lumbar nerves Medial clunial nerves Sacral nerves and coccygeal nerve Lumbar plexus Iliohypogastric nerve Ilio- ...

*Parasympathetic nervous system

Three spinal nerves in the sacrum (S2-4), commonly referred to as the pelvic splanchnic nerves, also act as parasympathetic ... parasympathetic nervous system receives input from cranial nerves exclusively and the sympathetic nervous system from thoracic ... If the peritoneal cavity becomes inflamed or if the bowel is suddenly distended, the body will interpret the afferent pain ... Several parasympathetic nerves come off the vagus nerve as it enters the thorax. One nerve is the recurrent laryngeal nerve, ...

*Human digestive system

The muscular diaphragm separates the thoracic cavity from the abdominal cavity where most of the digestive organs are located. ... upper part of each ganglion joined by the greater splanchnic nerve and the lower parts joined by the lesser splanchnic nerve. ... Parasympathetic innervation to the ascending colon is supplied by the vagus nerve. Sympathetic innervation is supplied by the ... The roof of the mouth is termed the palate and it separates the oral cavity from the nasal cavity. The palate is hard at the ...

*Index of anatomy articles

... eminence thigh thigh bone Third trochanter third ventricle thoracic aorta thoracic cavity thoracic duct thoracic spine thoracic ... tract spinocerebellum spinocervical pathway spinothalamic tract spinous process spiral ganglion splanchnic nerves spleen ... neuron posture precentral gyrus precuneus prefrontal cortex preganglionic preganglionic neurons preganglionic parasympathetic ... cranial cranial autonomic ganglia cranial bone cranial nerve ganglia cranial nerve lesion cranial nerve nuclei cranial nerves ...
Author: Sulochana Sakthivel, K.Y.Manjunath. Category: Anatomy. [Download PDF]. Abstract:. Background: Thoracic splanchnicectomy is an important surgical procedure for the management of upper abdominal pain especially in cases of chronic pancreatitis or pancreatic cancer. The pattern of the thoracic splanchnic nerves is highly variable and the outcome of the surgical procedure depends on awareness of the variant anatomy of thoracic splanchnic nerves. This study was undertaken to find out the variations in the formation, course and termination of greater splanchnic nerve in South Indian population.. Materials & Methods: Thirty five human cadavers of either sex (female- 12, male -23), between 45 and 70 years of age, embalmed by conventional method for undergraduate Anatomy classes were bilaterally dissected. ...
Thoracic splanchnic nerves are splanchnic nerves that arise from the sympathetic trunk in the thorax and travel inferiorly to provide sympathetic innervation to the abdomen.
Looking for online definition of abdominopelvic splanchnic nerves in the Medical Dictionary? abdominopelvic splanchnic nerves explanation free. What is abdominopelvic splanchnic nerves? Meaning of abdominopelvic splanchnic nerves medical term. What does abdominopelvic splanchnic nerves mean?
Looking for online definition of lumbar splanchnic nerve in the Medical Dictionary? lumbar splanchnic nerve explanation free. What is lumbar splanchnic nerve? Meaning of lumbar splanchnic nerve medical term. What does lumbar splanchnic nerve mean?
Looking for lumbar splanchnic nerve? Find out information about lumbar splanchnic nerve. see nervous system nervous system, network of specialized tissue that controls actions and reactions of the body and its adjustment to the environment.... Explanation of lumbar splanchnic nerve
Looking for definition of splanchnic nerve? splanchnic nerve explanation. Define splanchnic nerve by Websters Dictionary, WordNet Lexical Database, Dictionary of Computing, Legal Dictionary, Medical Dictionary, Dream Dictionary.
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The optimal treatment for patients with type B aortic dissection remains a matter of debate. Each cardiologist or surgeon determines the surgical indications for type B aortic dissection according to his or her experience and the surgical results of the institution.. Recently, however, it was advocated that patients who had type B acute aortic dissection without complications, such as rupture or organ ischemia, be treated with hypotensive drugs during the acute phase, because the mortality rate with this treatment is reported to be equal to or slightly better than that for surgical treatment during the acute phase.4 5 12 13 14 15 16 17 Surgical treatment should be selected if the aortic diameter becomes enlarged during the chronic phase; careful observation of aortic enlargement in all patients treated during the chronic phase is very important but very difficult. Unfortunately, some patients who have successfully gone through the acute phase with medical hypotensive therapy suddenly die during ...
Ruptured type B acute aortic dissection iAAD jis a life-threatening condition, in which surgical treatment most often yields unsatisfactory results. We report a case of a ruptured type B AAD in a 67-year-old man detected on computed tomography that required a partial aortic arch replacement with reconstruction of the left subclavian artery with adjunct deep hypothermic circulatory arrest iDHCA). Although the patient had a postoperative stroke, he recovered markedly with rehabilitation. DHCA and open proximal anastomosis are useful for the surgical treatment of type B AAD, however, an elaborate strategy to prevent an intraoperative cerebral embolism is especially important ...
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The splanchnic nerves are paired visceral nerves (nerves that contribute to the innervation of the internal organs), carrying fibers of the autonomic nervous system (visceral efferent fibers) as well as sensory fibers from the organs (visceral afferent fibers). All carry sympathetic fibers except for the pelvic splanchnic nerves, which carry parasympathetic fibers.. ...
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Effects of electrical stimulation of the left greater splanchnic nerve (SPL) on T1-T5 spinothalamic (STT) neurons were determined. Eighty-five STT neurons were studied in 36 anesthetized monkeys (Macaca fascicularis). All neurons were excited by manipulation of their somatic receptive fields and by electrical stimulation of cardiopulmonary (CP) sympathetic afferent fibers. SPL stimulation excited 63 (74%) STT neurons. There was an increasing percentage of cells with SPL input at more caudal segments and in deeper laminae. Both SPL and CP sympathetic stimulation elicited early or both early and late responses. Latencies to cell activation were usually shorter for CP sympathetic stimulation than for SPL stimulation (5.4 +/- 0.8 versus 11.3 +/- 2.0 ms for early responses and 44.2 +/- 4.2 versus 111.0 +/- 6.6 ms for late responses). The maximum number of spikes per SPL or CP sympathetic stimulus was determined. In the T2 and T3 segments, early responses to CP sympathetic stimulation were ...
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TY - JOUR. T1 - Human papillomavirus type 16 E6-enhanced susceptibility of L929 cells to tumor necrosis factor α correlates with increased accumulation of reactive oxygen species. AU - Liu, Yun. AU - Tergaonkar, Vinay. AU - Krishna, Sudhir. AU - Androphy, Elliot J.. PY - 1999/8/27. Y1 - 1999/8/27. N2 - Human papillomavirus type 16 (HPV-16) E6 has been shown to prevent or enhance apoptosis depending on the stimulus and cell type. Here we present evidence that HPV-16 E6 sensitized murine fibrosarcoma L929 cells to tumor necrosis factor α (TNF)-induced cytolysis. The E6-enhanced cytolysis correlated with a precedent increase in reactive oxygen species (ROS) level and antioxidant treatment could completely block the E6-dependent sensitization. These findings represent the first demonstration of a link between a viral oncogene-sensitized cytolysis and ROS. Previous studies have shown conflicting results regarding whether TNF-induced cytolysis of L929 cells is through necrosis or apoptosis. Here we ...
Background: Pericardial fat volume (PFV) and thoracic fat volume (TFV) can be routinely measured from noncontrast CT (NCT) performed for calculating coronary calcium score (CCS) and may predict major adverse cardiovascular event (MACE) risk.. Methods: From a registry of 2751 asymptomatic patients without known CAD and 4-year follow-up after NCT for MACE (cardiac death, myocardial infarction, stroke, late revascularization), we compared 58 patients who experienced MACE ("EVENTS") to 174 event-free controls (1:3 EVENT-to-control ratio) matched by sex and a propensity score to account for age, traditional risk factors, and CCS. On NCT, TFV was automatically calculated by applying our previously-described fat-segmenting algorithm. PFV was calculated by manually placing 5-7 pericardium-defining points to create the pericardial contour, within which all fat voxels were automatically identified. Relationships of PFV and TFV to MACE were evaluated using conditional multivariable ...
We have demonstrated previously that spontaneously diabetic BB-Wistar rats exhibit decreased adrenal medullary catecholamine secretion in response to splanchnic nerve terminal stimulation. We hypothesized that this abnormality is caused by changes in the sensitivity of the adrenomedullary chromaffin cells to acetylcholine (ACh). To study this hypothesis, we isolated adrenal glands from control and spontaneously diabetic BB-Wistar rats, perfused them with ACh, and measured catecholamine secretion. Adrenal catecholamine release in response to ACh was significantly decreased at 2, 8, and 16 weeks after the onset of diabetes compared with age-matched, nondiabetic control rats. Catecholamine release in response to perfusion with 20 mM K+ was the same in adrenals from diabetic and control rats. The decreased responsiveness of diabetic rat adrenals to perfusion with ACh was significantly correlated with a decrease in the release of catecholamines in response to splanchnic nerve ...
Andrea T. Andrea T Andrea, Trescot.Splanchnic Nerve Blocks. In: Diwan S, Staats PS. Diwan S, Staats P.S. Eds. Sudhir Diwan, and Peter S. Staats.eds. Atlas of Pain Medicine Procedures New York, NY: McGraw-Hill; 2015. http://accessanesthesiology.mhmedical.com/content.aspx?bookid=1158§ionid=64178069. Accessed December 12, 2017 ...
Definition of lesser splanchnic nerve. Provided by Stedmans medical dictionary and Drugs.com. Includes medical terms and definitions.
The centrally induced effects of angiotensin II and substance P on the cardiovascular system and on neuronal efferent activity of the splanchnic, renal, and adrenal nerves were investigated in chronically instrumented conscious rats. The pressor responses to substance P injected into the lateral brain ventricle were accompanied by marked and short latency increases in heart rate, cardiac output, splanchnic, renal, and adrenal nerve activity, and a rise in plasma noradrenaline and adrenaline. Behaviorally, an arousal-type reaction was observed. In contrast, the pressor responses to intracerebroventricular angiotensin II were associated with initial decreases in heart rate, cardiac output, splanchnic, renal, and adrenal nerve activity, and a fall in plasma noradrenaline at the time of the maximal blood pressure increase. In some but not all animals, a second blood pressure peak associated with increases in heart rate and ...
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Yun-Hen Liu, MD, Po-Jen Ko, MD, Yi-Cheng Wu, MD, Tzu-Ping Chen, MD, Ming-Shian Lu, MD. Laboratory Animal Center, Department of Surgery, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linko, Chang Gung University. Backgroud: Natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) is a relatively new technique for accessing the thoracic and abdominal cavities. Here, we report the preliminary findings of the transoral approach to access the thoracic cavity of 2 dogs placed in the supine and lateral decubitus positions.Method: Two dogs (weight, 8.1 and 8.4 kg) were used for this experiment. The left thoracic cavity was approached through a right vestibular incision in Dog 1, and the right thoracic cavity, via a left vestibular incision in Dog 2. A homemade metallic tube was used to create a working tract via the pretracheal and substernal planes ...
S21.329S is a billable code used to specify a medical diagnosis of laceration with foreign body of unspecified front wall of thorax with penetration into thoracic cavity, sequela. Code valid for the year 2020
S21.331 is a non-billable code, consider using a code with a higher level of specificity for a diagnosis of puncture wound without foreign body of right front wall of thorax with penetration into thoracic cavity.
Illustration of the arch of thoracic cavity with vertebral joint and sternal joint of true rib. This lateral view labelled illustration is from Asklepios Atlas of the Human Anatomy. - Stock Image C020/9095
Splanchnicectomy definition at Dictionary.com, a free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation. Look it up now!
Urban slum populations in Africa continue to grow faster than national populations. Health strategies that focus on non-communicable diseases (NCD) in this segment of the population are generally lacking. We determined the prevalence of diabetes and associated cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors correlates in Kibera, Nairobis largest slum. Methods We conducted a population-based household survey utilising cluster sampling with probability proportional to size. Households were selected using a random walk method and consenting residents aged 18 years and above were recruited. The WHO STEPS instrument was administered. A random capillary blood sugar (RCBS) was obtained; known persons with diabetes and subjects with a RCBS ,11.1 had an 8 hours fasting blood sugar (FBS) drawn. Diabetes was defined as a RCBS of ≥ 11.1 mmol/l and a FBS of ≥ 7.0 mmol/l, or a prior diagnosis or receiving diabetes drug treatment. Results Out of 2061 enrolled; 50.9% were males, mean age was 33.4 years and 87% ...
Parameters of hemocyte populations have been considered as relevant indicators of bivalve health and are currently used in immunotoxicological studies. Hemocytes in hemolymph can be collected by puncturing either the pericardial cavity or the adductor muscle sinus with a syringe. Flow cytometry is a methodological approach that is increasingly being used in laboratories for the study of hemocyte parameters in aquatic invertebrates. However, various protocols for hemocyte processing in laboratories equipped with different types of cytometers have been published. In this context, two flow cytometers (EPICS XL4®, Beckman Coulter and FacsCalibur®, Becton Dickinson) and two sites of hemocyte collection (pericardial cavity and adductor muscle sinus) were compared for the analysis of hemocyte parameters in the Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas. Hemolymph cells were analyzed in terms of their number and organelle contents. Cell mortality, phagocytosis, non specific esterase, ...
Choosing the correct method depends on what part of the arm is being measured and the purpose HOW TO MEASURE CRUTCHES ELBOW OR FOREARM CRUTCHES : Usually made of aluminum. Upper arm: Measure the circumference of your arm. It is a simple process, and therefore can be done quite often. With arm relaxed at your side and slightly bent, measure from center back neck, over point of shoulder, Measure arm reach using a tape measure. Double your fist and curl your forearm toward your Measure over the highest point of the muscle to the base of the muscle at the The anthropometry of the upper arm is a set of measurements of the shape of the upper arms. Use tape measure to the length of subjects wingspan [tip of middle finger of one hand to the top of the middle finger of the other hand]. You might try to combine data from multiple sources. Measure at the longest section of the forearm to get the cuff dimensions. Sigvaris Arm Sleeves Fitting Charts Natural Rubber Armsleeve (includes shoulder cap) How to ...
Microcephaly is usually defined as an occipitofrontal head circumference (OFC) more than 2 standard deviations (SD) below the mean for sex, age and ethnicity. Severe microcephaly is used for OFC , 3 standard deviations. Rates of microcephaly range from 0.5-12 patients/10,000 live births.. The OFC should be measured at every well child visit and at other opportunities and plotted on standard growth charts. The OFC is measured using a nonelastic tape measure around the largest part of the head with the tape measure held above the eyebrows and ears. It is a highly reproducible measurement. There are several different international standard growth charts that can be used and those used should reflect the population the patient is drawn from the best. For example, the World Health Organization has growth charts taken from the children in the countries of Brazil, Ghana, India, Oman and the USA (www.who.int/childgrowth/en). In industrialized countries the OFC is larger and may not be as accurately ...
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Deep venous thromboses are thought to occur in as many as 1 in 1000 people annually1, although many instances never present to urgent care or emergency room settings. When a patient does make it to the ER, the most common presentation is a swollen, tender lower extremity. Although there are many things on the differential, the emergency room physician must rule out DVT because of the potential risk of subsequent pulmonary embolism.. Ultrasound has become the go-to method for evaluation of DVT. In the ER setting, the limited compression ultrasound technique is most widely used due to the ease and speed at which it can be performed. A duplex scan with color Doppler can be useful in other scenarios, but these evaluations can take up to an hour, require a skilled technician, and have not been shown to be any more accurate in detection of proximal DVTs compared to limited compression ultrasound2.. Limited compression ultrasound frequently targets two main locations for DVTs: the common femoral vein ...
3-(2-hydroxy-1-methyl-2-nitrosohydrazino)-N-methyl-1-propanamine: inhibits the secretion of adrenal catecholamines induced by splanchnic nerve stimulation through activation of BK(Ca) channels
CHICAGO, Nov. 28, 2012 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- While obesity is considered a cardiovascular risk factor, a study presented today at the annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA) showed that African-American patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) have much less fat around their hearts compared to Caucasian patients.. "Prior evidence suggests that increased fat around the heart may be either an independent marker of CAD burden or a predictor of the future risk of acute coronary events," said U. Joseph Schoepf, M.D., professor of radiology and medicine and director of cardiovascular imaging at the Medical University of South Carolina in Charleston, S.C. "You would think that African Americans, who have a higher prevalence of CAD, would have higher rates of thoracic fat in an acute chest pain setting. However, this was not the case. White patients had significantly higher thoracic fat volumes than ...
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The effect of supradiaphragmatic splanchnicectomy on the blood pressure of 294 hypertensive patients followed for 10 to 18 months after surgery is compared with the effects of nonspecific medical management in a control group of 79 patients similarly studied. The data are presented in simple graphic form. It is concluded that 29 per cent of the hypertensive patients had reductions in blood pressure outside the range of spontaneous variation, that the vascular complications of hypertension decreased the likelihood of a good result, and that extension of the sympathetic ganglionectomy upward appeared to increase the frequency of good results without requiring a two-stage operation or producing significant postoperative orthostatic hypotension.. ...
We report a novel less-invasive extrapleural pneumonectomy for early-stage malignant pleural mesothelioma without rib spreading. Our approach is unique and differed from the previously reported cases, because we used one skin incision and two small intercostal incisions with videothoracoscopic viewing without rib spreading. The pleural dissection and approach to the hilum for pneumonectomy were performed through a 4- to 5-cm port incision in the sixth intercostal space. Another 4- to 5-cm port was made in the eight intercostal space through the same skin incision and was used for diaphragm resection and reconstruction. At the end of the surgery, the skin incision was enlarged to 8 cm; through which and the first port in the sixth intercostal space, the resected specimen was retrieved. Three cycles of adjuvant chemotherapy followed by radiation therapy were administered. Eleven-month follow-up showed no recurrence.. ...
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) after extrapleural pneumonectomy (EPP) in patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM). A total of 15 patients who received VMAT after EPP were enrolled. All patients were males, and the median age was 67 years (Stage IB in two, II in six, and III in seven patients). The clinical target volume (CTV) included the entire preoperative ipsilateral hemithorax and involved nodal stations. The CTV was generally expanded by 10-15 mm beyond the planning target volume (PTV). The dose prescription was designed to cover 95% of the PTV with 54 Gy in 30 fractions. The median follow-up period was 11 months. Treatment-related toxicities were evaluated by Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) ver. 4. One-year local control, disease-free survival, and overall survival rates were 55.7% [95% confidence interval (CI): 25.6-85.8%], 29.3% (95% CI: 5.3-53.3%), and 43.1% (95% CI: ...
Lightweight glass cloth cargo pit tape for use in aircraft cargo holds. It resists flame penetration. It is very conformable and accommodates turns and angles.
This study helped to ascertain the superiority of Diaskintest® (DST) with respect to the wealth of information it provides when compared with the Mantoux test with PPD 2 TU (M2) in determining the activity of tuberculosis infection in children. The evaluation parameters of diagnostic value with DST (DE=77.5%, NPV=72.4%, PPV=91.1%) were significantly higher than with M2x test 2TU (DE=57.2%, NPV=47.6%, PPV=53.2%). On positive testing with Diaskintest®, Tuberculosis of Intrathoracic Lymph Nodes (TITLN) showed nodes larger than 0.5 cm, which was determined in 80.4% and could be estimated as minor manifestations of intrathoracic lymphadenopathy against the background of the high activity of tuberculosis infection. Diaskintest® and X-ray methods are mandatory in the diagnosis of tuberculosis in children. This is absolutely necessary to adequately assess the childs condition and provide timely administration of disease specific therapy.. ...
Looking for hypervolemia? Find out information about hypervolemia. See also: Formulas for the Volumes of Some Common Solids Formulas for the Volumes of Some Common Solids Solid Volume1 cube l 3 right rectangular... Explanation of hypervolemia
To test the hypothesis that the hypotensive action of urapidil is in part related to a direct action on the brain, the central (intracerebroventricular) and peripheral (intravenous) effects of urapidil were studied and compared with those obtained with clonidine and prazosin. All studies were conducted in conscious, chronically instrumented stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRSP). Efferent sympathetic nervous system activity was estimated by means of a bipolar electrode implanted on the splanchnic nerve. Only clonidine, administered intracerebroventricularly and intravenously, decreased sympathetic nerve activity. Urapidil and prazosin either did not affect sympathetic nerve activity after central administration or increased it after peripheral administration at low and high doses, respectively. Centrally administered urapidil and prazosin lowered blood pressure but also blocked the response to intravenously administered phenylephrine; this result suggests a peripheral effect. ...
The diaphragm only descends about 1cm then it comes to rest on the contents of the abdomen like the stomach, spleen and liver. At this point it doesnt descend any further but instead "acts upwards" on the ribs, pulling them upwards and outwards, further increasing the volume of the chest.. 2. External intercostals contract lifting and widening ribs. The external intercostals are located between the ribs and they pull the top 6 ribs outwards and upwards, while the lower six are just pulled outwards.. 3. These two motions increase the thoracic cavity space.. 4. This expansion of space reduces pressure in the pleural cavity (a sac that surrounds the lungs) which allows the lungs to expand.. 5. As the lungs expand, there is a reduction of pressure in the pulmonary cavity relative to the atmosphere and air is drawn in towards the alveoli.. Breathing Out. 1. The diaphragm relaxes and the buildup of pressure in the abdominal ...
I started by roasting the short ribs in a hot oven for an hour to render out the fat and get some nice browning. Do this on a deep lipped aluminum sheet pan and its a lot easier than doing it in a skillet (hat tip to Cooks Illustrated). I heated the roasting pan in the oven and then added a few tablespoons of the rendered beef fat and a standard mirepoix. Then I added the chunks of heart, the drained ribs, a couple of cans of tomato sauce, a can of chicken broth, and half a bottle of Bordeaux (more on that in a bit). I covered it and roasted it in a low oven for a good four or five hours until everything was nice and tender ...
The group collaborated with the Hospital del Mar-IMIM in Barcelona to tackle the current lack of instruments for assessing respiratory muscle activation during the breathing cycle in clinical conditions.. Read more…. Working together with the hospitals Department of Respiratory Medicine, IBECs Biomedical Signal Processing and Interpretation group tested respiratory muscle mechanomyography (MMG) as a way to assess the mechanical activation of the inspiratory muscles of the lower chest wall in both patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and healthy subjects. This non-invasive method confirmed the relationship between inspiratory muscle activation characterised by a non-linear index (MLZ: multistate Lempel-Ziv) and pulmonary function parameters.. Their results suggest that respiratory muscle MMG is a good reflection of inspiratory effort, and could be used in clinical conditions to estimate the efficiency of the mechanical activation of the inspiratory muscles, contributing ...
Traumatic injury to the spinal cord can occur as a result of a vehicle accident that crushes, compresses, or fractures vertebrae. The human spine cannot withstand the force delivered by a high speed crash without incurring significant damage.
I have chronic pain that is located in the lower chest/upper abdomen area, where the esophagus meets the stomach I beleive. The chronic chest/abdomen pain may have some relationships to anoth...
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1. Get your lower waist/hip measurement. Wrap a measuring tape around your waist, about 1 inch (2.5 cm) below your pelvic bone. Mark the number where the tape measure completes and crosses over itself.. 2. Use that measurement, as well as your body shape, to determine your size. Tomboi™ performs best when your body fills out the harness, so choosing the right size is crucial. You should take your body shape into account before selecting a size. To do so, think of your body in terms of moon phases: EVALUATING BODY IN TERMS OF MOON PHASES:. FULL MOON bodies have fuller curves. If you were to view this body shape from the side, you would see a half-moon shape in rear, and a quarter to half-moon shape in front, where the stomach is. If you have a full moon shape…choose the next size up.. THREE-QUARTER MOON bodies have a balance of curves and planes. If you were to view this body shape from the side, you would see a quarter-moon shape in front and a half-moon shape in rear, or a a flatter front ...
Analysis of body weight, height and circumferences with a tape measure allow students to compare Body Mass Index (BMI) and Waist to Hip Ratio results with other more specific measures of body composition. Field tests including the use of high quality calipers for skinfold measurement allows students to gain experience in making reliable measures of body composition. Exposure to laboratory or clinically based assessment of body composition through Dual-Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry (DXA) and Air Displacement Plethysmography are made available to keep student up to date with technological advances in body composition measurement. ...
The most accurate method to identify leg (limb) length inequality (discrepancy) is through radiography. It?s also the best way to differentiate an anatomical from a functional limb length inequality. Radiography, A single exposure of the standing subject, imaging the entire lower extremity. Limitations are an inherent inaccuracy in patients with hip or knee flexion contracture and the technique is subject to a magnification error. Computed Tomography (CT-scan), It has no greater accuracy compared to the standard radiography. The increased cost for CT-scan may not be justified, unless a contracture of the knee or hip has been identified or radiation exposure must be minimized. However, radiography has to be performed by a specialist, takes more time and is costly. It should only be used when accuracy is critical. Therefore two general clinical methods were developed for assessing LLI. Direct methods involve measuring limb length with a tape measure between 2 defined points, in stand. Two common ...
Pain associated with prostate biopsy arises from either the prostatic capsule or stroma, where there is a rich innervation of autonomic fibers. These autonomic nerves convey visceral sensation to the spinal cord. As based on neuroanatomy studies of the prostate, the peri-prostatic approach appeared to be the best way to anesthetize the prostate. Experience with anatomical radical prostatectomy has well elucidated the nerve supply of the prostate 19, 20. Recently Hollabaugh et al also studied the neuroanatomy of the prostate using fresh cadavers 21, 22 The preganglionic fibers from the sacral roots form the pelvic nerves (pelvic splanchnic nerves or nervi erigentes) and are joined by fibers from the inferior hypogastric nerves (sympathetic) to form the pelvic plexus (a.k.a.: inferior hypogastric plexus) in the pelvic fascia on the lateral side of the rectum, seminal vesicles, prostate and posterior bladder. These ...
Reduced pancreatic β-cell insulin secretion causes hyperglycemia in diabetes (1,2). Relative hyperglucagonemia is thought to also be involved in the pathogenesis of hyperglycemia (23-26). Here we demonstrate that partial inhibition of insulin secretion, with the KATP channel agonist (opener) diazoxide, results in glucose intolerance after a mixed meal with no difference in plasma glucagon concentrations in nondiabetic individuals. It also results in higher plasma glucose concentrations, despite lower glucose infusion rates, after ingestion of the sulfonylurea glimepiride, with no difference in plasma glucagon concentrations in such individuals. These data uniquely (1,2) document that impairment of insulin secretion, in the absence of a reduction of β-cell mass and of prior elevated glucose or fatty acid levels (i.e., glucolipotoxicity), results in glucose intolerance in humans. Our results also underscore the primary glucoregulatory role of insulin.. Oral glucose tolerance tests in individuals ...
24 hour fasting and adrenoreceptor blocking agent influence on adrenal catecholamine synthesis rate changes induced by combined thermal and immobilization stress in ...
The celiac plexus is also called the solar plexus. It is a complex network of nerves located in the abdomen, where the celiac artery, superior mesenteric artery, and renal arteries branch from the abdominal aorta. This network of nerves is formed by the splanchnic nerves and the right vagus nerve and comprises the portion of the autonomic nervous system that "operates" the abdominal organs.
2 of 2) Attempt to identify the following autonomic nerve plexi: celiac plexus, superior mesenteric plexus, inferior mesenteric plexus, renal plexus, suprarenal plexus and gonadal plexus (testicular plexus or ovarian plexus). Inferior to the bifurcation of the aorta, the paraaortic plexus continues into the pelvis as the hypogastric plexus. Identify the right hypogastric nerve and left hypogastric nerve that pass into the pelvic cavity. They join the lumbar (sympathetic), sacral (sympathetic), and pelvic (parasympathetic) splanchnic nerves to provide autonomic innervation to the pelvic viscera. See a textbook for more information on the innervation of the abdominal and pelvic viscera.. Links and References: ...
2 of 2) Attempt to identify the following autonomic nerve plexi: celiac plexus, superior mesenteric plexus, inferior mesenteric plexus, renal plexus, suprarenal plexus and gonadal plexus (testicular plexus or ovarian plexus). Inferior to the bifurcation of the aorta, the paraaortic plexus continues into the pelvis as the hypogastric plexus. Identify the right hypogastric nerve and left hypogastric nerve that pass into the pelvic cavity. They join the lumbar (sympathetic), sacral (sympathetic), and pelvic (parasympathetic) splanchnic nerves to provide autonomic innervation to the pelvic viscera. See a textbook for more information on the innervation of the abdominal and pelvic viscera.. Links and References: ...
Acute experiments were carried out on cats and dogs. Movements of the small intestine were compared with changes in the potentials recorded from the splanchnic nerve. It was found that an increase of...
Neurofibres Autonomes Préganglionnaires 0 questions Nerve fibers which project from the central nervous system to autonomic ganglia. In the sympathetic division most preganglionic fibers originate with neurons in the intermediolateral column of the spinal cord, exit via ventral roots from upper thoracic through lower lumbar segments, and project to the paravertebral ganglia; there they either terminate in synapses or continue through the splanchnic nerves to the prevertebral ganglia. In the parasympathetic division the fibers originate in neurons of the brain stem and sacral spinal cord. In both divisions the principal transmitter is acetylcholine but peptide cotransmitters may also be released. ...
1. Nine unoperated dogs snowed a rise of blood sugar dunng anaphylactic shock. In six of these dogs the rise was 60 mg. or over.. 2. Six dogs in which one adrenal had long previously been extirpated and the opposite splanchnic nerve cut, showed a low preliminary level of blood sugar, and a relative rise of blood sugar during anaphylaxis, but of less degree than in the unoperated animals. In no case was it greater than 52 mg.. 3. Anoxemia did not appear to be a complicating factor, as evidenced by determination of the oxygen content of the arterial blood before and during shock.. 4. The rise in blood sugar, which occurs in spite of the loss of adrenal activity, is probably due to the venous stasis of the liver seen in anaphylaxis in the dog, because this rise in blood sugar can be simulated in a normal non-sensitized dog by mechanically constricting the hepatic veins for a brief interval.. 5. There are, therefore, probably two factors responsible for the hyperglycemia associated with ...
It was observed by Claude Bernard that resection of the splanchnic nerves results in an increased urine flow (1). Although a number of laboratory and clinical investigations have been carried out to study the effect of denervation of the kidney on renal function (2-7), the mechanism responsible for diuresis remains unsettled. Some investigators have suggested that renal denervation depresses tubular transport of sodium (2-4); others, from the evidence that there is a rise in glomerular filtration rate and renal flow after denervation, have concluded that natriuresis is the result of changes in renal hemodynamics (5-7).. While attention has been focused ...
Around the same buy Indocin Castel began bottling wine in China and became known to Chinese Non prescriptions Triamcinolone Online by the Non prescription Triamcinolone Online Chinese name. Hsieh et al 1998 sooner than non-fluctuating a rat model involving electrical commotion of the lesser splanchnic nerve forth induce changes with regard to be passed on intraluminal lay siege to be proper of get under ones seminal vesicle. Triamcinolone zentiva 600mg i start the clomid first round and wen i coll then to book a scan they sais they are fully booked. Each of the Non prescriptions Triamcinolone Online listed is at increased risk for hepatitis A infection or its complications, triamcinolone acetonide cream usp price except for the Indian immigrant. An overview of the changes is posted in Members Only under.. Sugar and refined carbohydrate consumption has surged since the 1950s and these are Candidas favorite foods.. ...
Previous studies have demonstrated that hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamps produce nonuniform increases in SNA.11,12,36 However, the neural mechanisms or brain regions by which insulin acts to selectively increase lumbar SNA have not been identified. The present study provides several novel findings: (1) a hyperinsulinemic clamp with physiological increases in plasma insulin levels elevated lumbar SNA; (2) blockade of glutamatergic, and more specifically NMDA, receptors reversed the sympathoexcitatory effects of hyperinsulinemia; (3) blockade of RVLM AT1 or melanocortin 3/4 receptors did not affect the sympathoexcitatory response to insulin; (4) the RVLM has a low expression of insulin receptors; and (5) microinjection of insulin into the RVLM did not elevate lumbar SNA. Collectively, these findings suggest insulin activates a NMDA-dependent glutamatergic pathway to the RVLM to increase lumbar SNA.. To identify a physiologically relevant dose of insulin, we compared plasma insulin levels between ...
LSN® (Lebanon Stabilized Nitrogen) treated urea remains largely intact for up to ten days, ensuring that nitrogen gets delivered to the turf and does not escape into the atmosphere.
LSN used to be a favorite fuel stop of mine. Fast, easy and cheap. Then slowly over the last several years LSN has allowed the price of Jet A to slowly creep up higher and higher until, now it is one of the more expensive places to refuel. Used to be that LSN was about 10-20% higher than the lowest price you could find in the state. Now it is 30-40% higher. Currently at $4.00/gal where Temecula is $2.60. In the old days prices would be in the $3.00 range - a full 25% less and 1 dollar. On a 200 gallon fill-up - that adds up and puts it into the "not worth it" anymore category ...
Synonyms for adrenomedullary hormones in Free Thesaurus. Antonyms for adrenomedullary hormones. 2 synonyms for hormone: endocrine, internal secretion. What are synonyms for adrenomedullary hormones?
Mice. Male mice (8-12 weeks of age, 20-25 g) were used for all experiments. WT C57BL/6 mice were purchased from the National Cancer Institute, Chrna7-/- (referred to as α7KO) mice (B6.129S7-Chrna7tm1Bay/J) were obtained from Jackson Laboratories, and WT (Chrna7+/+) progeny were used as controls in experiments depicted in Figures 8 and 10.. VNS and miscellaneous recordings. All mice used to test the effect of VNS on IRI were anesthetized with an i.p. injection of ketamine (120 mg/kg) and xylazine (12 mg/kg). We stimulated the left vagus nerve because this nerve is usually selected for stimulation in animal and human experiments (15, 18, 52). The left cervical vagus nerve was isolated via a midline cervical incision and placed on a bipolar silver wire electrode for stimulation (AS633; Cooner Wire). In a subgroup of mice, the nerve was left intact. In other mice, the nerve was cut and the central end was stimulated to activate vagal afferents selectively. In other mice, the peripheral end of the ...
Mice. Male mice (8-12 weeks of age, 20-25 g) were used for all experiments. WT C57BL/6 mice were purchased from the National Cancer Institute, Chrna7-/- (referred to as α7KO) mice (B6.129S7-Chrna7tm1Bay/J) were obtained from Jackson Laboratories, and WT (Chrna7+/+) progeny were used as controls in experiments depicted in Figures 8 and 10.. VNS and miscellaneous recordings. All mice used to test the effect of VNS on IRI were anesthetized with an i.p. injection of ketamine (120 mg/kg) and xylazine (12 mg/kg). We stimulated the left vagus nerve because this nerve is usually selected for stimulation in animal and human experiments (15, 18, 52). The left cervical vagus nerve was isolated via a midline cervical incision and placed on a bipolar silver wire electrode for stimulation (AS633; Cooner Wire). In a subgroup of mice, the nerve was left intact. In other mice, the nerve was cut and the central end was stimulated to activate vagal afferents selectively. In other mice, the peripheral end of the ...
I was diagnosed with Breast Cancer 15 years ago and and have always had a swollen arm I saw the Lymphoedema nurse and was given a sleeve and exercise plan I have been fine up to now but the...
Misrepresented by politicians, young Nigerians are reclaiming a sense of national pride through movements that will drive the future of their country.
1LSN: Thermal stability determinants of chicken egg-white lysozyme core mutants: hydrophobicity, packing volume, and conserved buried water molecules.
Read community conversations. Get support and information from people sharing their experiences with lymphoedema, hydromol cream, drainage and more.
MICROBIOLOGY. *Blood- C/S *Pus- C/S *AFB- C/S *Urine- C/S *HVS-O C/S *G.Stain *Throt Swab--C/S, G.Stain, KLB. *Sputum--C/S, AFB,Gr.Stain. *Prostatic Smear--C/S, G.Stain *Skin Scraping- C/S, Fungus, HVS For Wait Film. *Conjunc. Swab- C/S *Aural/Ear Swab- C/S *Nasal Swab- C/S *Vaginal smear- C/S. *Uretral Smear--. ...
34661-75-1 - ICMGLRUYEQNHPF-UHFFFAOYSA-N - Urapidil [INN:BAN:JAN] - Similar structures search, synonyms, formulas, resource links, and other chemical information.
Today marks nearing the completion of a full circle for one of sciences biggest controversies: the STAP cell fiasco. Today STAP cells are completely refuted with the publication of two new papers in Nature and we know much more-with some notable gaps still-about what went wrong.. In January of last year, an international team of collaborators from RIKEN in Japan and Harvard/Brigham & Womens Hospital (including the lab of Charles Vacanti where the STAP idea reportedly originated) here in the US published two Nature papers making the extraordinary claim that ordinary cells could be reprogrammed into embryonic stem cell (ESC)-like cells.. And it could be done simply, cheaply, and quickly using various forms of cellular stress including low pH. I was highly skeptical when I read the papers, but tried to keep an open mind. This sounded cool, even if also too good to be true.. I published a review of the papers here on this blog on the day they were published and I included six key open questions ...
LifeSiteNews welcomes thoughtful, respectful comments that add useful information or insights. Demeaning, hostile or propagandistic comments, and streams not related to the storyline, will be removed. LSN commenting is not for frequent personal blogging, on-going debates or theological or other disputes between commenters. Multiple comments from one person under a story are discouraged (suggested maximum of three). Capitalized sentences or comments will be removed (Internet shouting). LifeSiteNews gives priority to pro-life, pro-family commenters and reserves the right to edit or remove comments. Comments under LifeSiteNews stories do not necessarily represent the views of LifeSiteNews. ...
LifeSiteNews welcomes thoughtful, respectful comments that add useful information or insights. Demeaning, hostile or propagandistic comments, and streams not related to the storyline, will be removed. LSN commenting is not for frequent personal blogging, on-going debates or theological or other disputes between commenters. Multiple comments from one person under a story are discouraged (suggested maximum of three). Capitalized sentences or comments will be removed (Internet shouting). LifeSiteNews gives priority to pro-life, pro-family commenters and reserves the right to edit or remove comments. Comments under LifeSiteNews stories do not necessarily represent the views of LifeSiteNews. ...
Okuda, K and David, C S., "A new lymphocyte-activating determinant locus expressed on t cells, and mapping in i-c subregion." (1978). Subject Strain Bibliography 1978. 1765 ...
FUNDAMENTO: A cistatina C sérica (s-CC), um marcador endógeno da função renal, tem sido proposta também como um marcador de risco cardiovascular. No entanto, ainda não está estabelecido se se trata de um marcador direto de aterosclerose, independentemente da função renal. OBJETIVO: O objetivo deste estudo foi correlacionar a s-CC com dois marcadores substitutos de aterosclerose subclínica. MÉTODOS: Trata-se de um estudo transversal envolvendo 103 pacientes hipertensos ambulatoriais, de meia idade (57,49 ± 11,7 anos), sendo 60 do sexo feminino (58,25%) e a maioria com função renal preservada. A s-CC foi correlacionada com a espessura mediointimal carotídea (EMIc) e a dilatação mediada por fluxo de artéria braquial (DMF), ambas avaliadas por ultrassonografia, bem como com o clearance de creatinina medido e fatores de risco cardiovascular estabelecidos. RESULTADOS: A s-CC não se correlacionou significativamente nem com a EMIc (r = -0,024, p = 0,84) nem com a DMF (r = -0,050 e p = ...
Phù hợp với quy định của Bộ Y tế. Lời chứng thực của bệnh nhân; Ảnh trước và sau phẫu thuật không được phép trực tuyến. Các trường hợp và ví dụ trước sẽ được thảo luận trong quá trình tham vấn.. ...
Reaction of N-methyl-N-nitrosotoluene-p-sulfonamide (MNTS, 1) with 3,6-dibromocarbazole (2) in dry acetonitrile gave N-methyl-p-toluenesulfonamide (4) and N-nitroso-3,6-dibromocarbazole (5), whereas with the corresponding nitranion (3) gave N-(p-toluenesulfonyl)-3,6-dibromocarbazole (6). The results are rationalized in terms of direct nucleophilic substitution mechanism occurring on respective sites. The effects of solvents and added metal ions are also discussed.
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34. Mediastinum and Thoracic Cavity Flashcards34. Mediastinum and Thoracic Cavity Flashcards

4. Passes through without synapsing to reach a prevertebral ganglion (splanchnic). Those nerves synapsing within the ... 4. Lymphatics: thoracic duct. 5. Nerves: Posterior intercostal nerves, Sympathetic trunk, splanchic nerves, esophageal plexus. ... 2. Arteries (Aorta, Brachiocephalic trunk, R/L carotid, R/L subclavian, R/L Internal Thoracic) 3. Nerves (R/L Vagus, R/L ... Thorax spinal nerves. Definition. 12 pairs of nerves innervate the thorax.. T1-11 go along intercostal spaces with arteries and ...
more infohttps://www.flashcardmachine.com/34mediastinum-and-thoraciccavity.html

Cardiopulmonary nerves - WikipediaCardiopulmonary nerves - Wikipedia

Parasympathetic cardiopulmonary nerves arise from the recurrent laryngeal nerves and the thoracic vagi immediately distal to ... Cardiopulmonary nerves are splanchnic nerves that are postsynaptic and sympathetic. They originate in cervical and upper ... thoracic ganglia and innervate the thoracic cavity. All major sympathetic cardiopulmonary nerves arise from the stellate ... These interconnects with the sympathetic cardiopulmonary nerves to form the ventral and dorsal cardiopulmonary plexuses. Moore ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cardiopulmonary_nerves

Thoracic splanchnic nerves - WikipediaThoracic splanchnic nerves - Wikipedia

The nerve travels through the diaphragm and enters the abdominal cavity, where its fibers synapse at the celiac ganglia. The ... Thoracic splanchnic nerves are splanchnic nerves that arise from the sympathetic trunk in the thorax and travel inferiorly to ... Thoracic splanchnic nerves. The right sympathetic chain and its connections with the thoracic, abdominal, and pelvic plexuses ... Parasympathetic. *Ciliary ganglion: roots *Sensory. *Parasympathetic. *Short ciliary. *Pterygopalatine ganglion: deep petrosal ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lesser_splanchnic_nerve

Flashcards - Anatomic sciences (nerves  misc  reproductive s. perio lig)Flashcards - Anatomic sciences (nerves misc reproductive s. perio lig)

... nerves misc reproductive s. perio lig) - Anatomic sciences (nerves, misc, reproductive s. perio lig) 205-252 ... The vagus nerve contains parasympathetic preganglionic fibers to the thoracic and abdominal viscera.*Vagus nerve, general ... Hypoglossal nerve *Vagus nerve, is a mixed nerve that leaves the brain from the medulla and passes out of the cranial cavity ... The splanchnic nerves (greater, lesser and least) arise from the:. - Cervical sympathetic ganglion (chain). - Thoracic ...
more infohttps://www.freezingblue.com/flashcards/print_preview.cgi?cardsetID=283778

case 7 anatomy Flashcards by Heather Macmillan | Brainscapecase 7 anatomy Flashcards by Heather Macmillan | Brainscape

Lower thoracic, upper lumbar spinal cord segments).. Parasympathetic innervation - Pelvic splanchnic nerves and the inferior ... The empty bladder lies entirely within the pelvic cavity. As the bladder fills, it enters the greater pelvis as it ascends in ... Innervation - Nerves to the urethra: Vesical plexus & pudendal nerve. Nerves from the urethra: Mostly pelvic splanchnic nerves ... urethra has sympathetic innervation from lumbar splanchnic nerves and parasympathetic innervation from pelvic splanchnic nerves ...
more infohttps://www.brainscape.com/flashcards/case-7-anatomy-5063713/packs/7207062

Parasympathetic nervous system - New World EncyclopediaParasympathetic nervous system - New World Encyclopedia

Pelvic splanchnic control. The pelvic splanchnic nerves, S2-4, work in tandem to innervate the pelvic viscera. Unlike in the ... If the peritoneal cavity becomes inflamed, or if the bowel is suddenly distended, your body will interpret the afferent pain ... including the thoracic viscera (esophagus, trachea, heart, lungs) and abdominal viscera (stomach, pancreas, liver, kidneys) ... Several PSN nerves come off the vagus nerve as it enters the thorax. One nerve is the recurrent laryngeal nerve, which becomes ...
more infohttp://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Parasympathetic_nervous_system

Outline of human anatomy - WikipediaOutline of human anatomy - Wikipedia

Thoracic ganglia Greater splanchnic nerve Lesser splanchnic nerve Least splanchnic nerve Lumbar ganglia Lumbar splanchnic ... Thigh Knee Leg Foot Cavities Cranial cavity Spinal cavity Thoracic cavity Abdominopelvic cavity Abdominal cavity Pelvic cavity ... nerves Sacral ganglia Sacral splanchnic nerves Ganglion impar Parasympathetic part Cranial part Ciliary ganglion Short ciliary ... Thoracic nerves Lumbar nerves Medial clunial nerves Sacral nerves and coccygeal nerve Lumbar plexus Iliohypogastric nerve Ilio- ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Outline_of_human_anatomy

Anatomy, Autonomic Nervous System   Article - StatPearlsAnatomy, Autonomic Nervous System Article - StatPearls

Cardiopulmonary splanchnic nerves carry the postsynaptic fibers destined for the thoracic cavity. ... The vagus nerve, CN X, makes up about 75% of the PNS and provides parasympathetic input to most of the thoracic and abdominal ... becoming abdominopelvic splanchnic nerves. These nerves include the greater, lesser, least, and lumbar splanchnic nerves. The ... Loukas M,Klaassen Z,Merbs W,Tubbs RS,Gielecki J,Zurada A, A review of the thoracic splanchnic nerves and celiac ganglia. ...
more infohttps://www.statpearls.com/kb/viewarticle/32322

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The ilioinguinal runs in the neurovascular plane of the receive a parasympathetic supply from the pelvic splanchnic nerves. The ... Posteriorly, the roof of each cavity slopes inferiorly to the choana and is formed by: Floor The floor of each nasal cavity ( ... also pass are associated with the back and the thoracic wall and Nerves to upper limb Axillary inlet Lateral margin of rib I ... the splanchnic nerves and the vagus The iliohypogastric nerve is the main trunk of the 1st lumbar nerve. It contribute ...
more infohttp://bdforum.org/laboratory/knowledge-base-446/

Splanchnic nerves - WikipediaSplanchnic nerves - Wikipedia

cervical and upper thoracic ganglia. Thoracic cavity. Thoracic splanchnic nerves. generally. Presynaptic. lower thoracic ... Pelvic splanchnic nerves. parasympathetic. S2-S4. intrinsic ganglia of descending and sigmoid colon, rectum, and inferior ... Greater splanchnic nerve. T5-T9 or T10. Celiac ganglia. Lesser splanchnic nerve. T10-T11. Superior mesenteric ganglia and ... Least splanchnic nerve. T12. Renal plexus. Lumbar splanchnic nerves. L1-2. Inferior mesenteric ganglia, ganglia of ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Splanchnic_nerve

UAMS Department of Neurobiology and Developmental Sciences - Nerves of the ThoraxUAMS Department of Neurobiology and Developmental Sciences - Nerves of the Thorax

... thoracic direct visceral brs.; greater, lesser & least thoracic splanchnic nn.; lumbar splanchnic nn.; sacral splanchnic nn.. ... preganglionic parasympathetic axons from the vagus n. supply smooth muscle and glands of the thoracic esophagus and abdominal ... located lateral to the vertebral bodies in the neck, thorax & abdominopelvic cavity; the ganglia plus their interconnecting ... thoracic direct visceral brs.; greater, lesser & least thoracic splanchnic nn.; lumbar splanchnic nn.; sacral splanchnic nn.. ...
more infohttp://anatomy.uams.edu/anatomyhtml/nerves_thorax.html

The autonomic nervous system | Human AnatomyThe autonomic nervous system | Human Anatomy

Splanchnic nerve through a slit aperture penetrating into the abdominal cavity and are involved in the formation of the celiac ... parasympathetic and somatic nerves form the cardiac plexus. Thoracic sympathetic trunk (pars thoracica trunci sympathici) ... Department mesencephalic parasympathetic system provides an additional nucleus of the oculomotor nerve (nucleus accessorius), ... cavity, forming the tympanic plexus. Then follow the fibers in the form of small rocky nerve (n. petrosus minor), leaving the ...
more infohttp://anthropotomy.com/the-internal-organs-and-systems/nervous-system/the-autonomic-nervous-system

Anatomy, Autonomic Nervous System Article - StatPearlsAnatomy, Autonomic Nervous System Article - StatPearls

Cardiopulmonary splanchnic nerves carry the postsynaptic fibers destined for the thoracic cavity. ... The vagus nerve, CN X, makes up about 75% of the PNS and provides parasympathetic input to most of the thoracic and abdominal ... becoming abdominopelvic splanchnic nerves. These nerves include the greater, lesser, least, and lumbar splanchnic nerves. The ... Loukas M,Klaassen Z,Merbs W,Tubbs RS,Gielecki J,Zurada A, A review of the thoracic splanchnic nerves and celiac ganglia. ...
more infohttps://www.statpearls.com/kb/viewarticle/32322/

Rectum and Anus Flashcards by Scout Doyle | BrainscapeRectum and Anus Flashcards by Scout Doyle | Brainscape

S: Lower thoracic splanchnic nerves from T5-T9. Midgut. - PS: Vagus nerve. - S: Lower thoracic splanchnic nerves from T5-T12. ... receive blood from IMA and parasympathetic fibers from the pelvic splanchnic nerve from sacral nerves S2-S4 ... in the main pelvic cavity. - valves of Houston: the transverse folds of rectum; semi-lunar transverse folds of the rectal wall ... S: Lower thoracic splanchnic nerves from ______. Hindgut. - PS: Pelvic splanchnic nerves from _______. - S: Lower thoracic and ...
more infohttps://www.brainscape.com/flashcards/rectum-and-anus-5638961/packs/8471980

US20090157138A1 - Methods And Apparatus For Treating Ileus Condition Using Electrical Signals 
        - Google PatentsUS20090157138A1 - Methods And Apparatus For Treating Ileus Condition Using Electrical Signals - Google Patents

... an electric field and an electromagnetic field in a sympathetic nerve chain of a mammal to block and/or modulate inhibitory ... nerve signals thereof such that intestinal peristalsis function is at least partially improved. ... The greater splanchnic nerve (splanchnicus major) is formed by branches from the fifth to the ninth or tenth thoracic ganglia, ... and the cranial nerves that innervate tissue in the thoracic and abdominal cavities are sometimes referred to as the autonomic ...
more infohttps://patents.google.com/patent/US20090157138A1/en

Nervous 1 Flashcards by Jessica Bibby | BrainscapeNervous 1 Flashcards by Jessica Bibby | Brainscape

prevertebral ganglia -> Splanchnic nerves synapse in a ganglion within the body cavity when they are going to deeply located ... 2) caudal laryngeal nerve 3) recurrent laryngeal nerve (leave vagus at the level of the thoracic inlet). - right recurrent ... Two peripheral nerves - Pre and post ganglionic nerves 1) Parasympathetic - Craniosacral outflow - Ganglia close to target ... Facila nerve Taste on rostral 2/3 of tongue, Motor muscles of facial expression, Parasympathetic to mandibular, sublingual, ...
more infohttps://www.brainscape.com/flashcards/nervous-1-6142794/packs/9452428

Structure of the Autonomic Nervous System | Boundless Anatomy and PhysiologyStructure of the Autonomic Nervous System | Boundless Anatomy and Physiology

... and the pelvic splanchnic nerves.. Because of its location, the parasympathetic system is commonly referred to as having ... in the thoracic cavity. There are usually 21 or 23 pairs of these ganglia: 3 in the cervical region, 12 in the thoracic region ... The nerves that supply parasympathetic fibers to the parasympathetic ganglia of the head include the oculomotor nerve (ciliary ... Nerves that supply parasympathetic fibers to the parasympathetic ganglia of the head include the oculomotor nerve (ciliary ...
more infohttps://courses.lumenlearning.com/boundless-ap/chapter/structure-of-the-autonomic-nervous-system/

Submucous plexus | definition of submucous plexus by Medical dictionarySubmucous plexus | definition of submucous plexus by Medical dictionary

... superior hypogastric plexus and the lowest lumbar splanchnic nerves and parasympathetic axons from the pelvic splanchnic nerves ... aortic plexus, thoracic. A nerve plexus that coats the thoracic aorta; it is composed of axons from the upper thoracic ganglia ... A nerve plexus along the medial wall of the tympanic cavity. The axons of this plexus come from the glossopharyngeal nerve and ... The autonomic nerve plexus at the base of the heart. It is composed of parasympathetic axons from the vagus nerves and ...
more infohttp://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/submucous+plexus

LowerLimbThoraxNotesQuestions | Main | Structural Basis of Medical PracticeLowerLimbThoraxNotesQuestions | Main | Structural Basis of Medical Practice

The splanchnic nerves of the posterior mediastinum pass from the thorax into the abdominopelvic cavity. ... The thoracic sympathetic trunk ganglia host cell bodies belonging to the parasympathetic division of the autonomic nervous ... Splanchnic nerves derived from the T5-9 cord levels combine to form the greater splanchnic nerve. ... The nerve of the anterior compartment is the (blank) nerve. This nerve branches from the (blank) nerve near the head of the ( ...
more infohttp://humangrossanatomy.com/wiki/Main/LowerLimbThoraxNotesQuestions

Book - Manual of Human Embryology 15 - EmbryologyBook - Manual of Human Embryology 15 - Embryology

... splanchnic nerve; p, pleuroperitoneal cushion; v, vertebra. The darkly stippled masses, traversed by nerves, lying on the ... Whether the parasympathetic cells show the chrome reaction at this stage of development is yet to be determined. ... They frequently imbed themselves in cavities in the organ and should not be confused with adenomata. Some of the nodes may come ... projects extensively behind the thoracic portions of the cardinal veins (Fig. 116). In embryos of 14 mm. and 15 mm. this ...
more infohttps://embryology.med.unsw.edu.au/embryology/index.php/Book_-_Manual_of_Human_Embryology_15

Anatomy: The AbdomenAnatomy: The Abdomen

... not parasympathetic pelvic splanchnic.. Greater Thoracic Splanchnics: T6-T9. Sympathetic spinal nerves supplying the foregut ... MALES: The peritoneal cavity is CLOSED.. *FEMALES: The peritoneal cavity is OPEN. It opens out into the cervix and vagina, ... Pelvic Splanchnic Nerves: Hindgut innervation *The Pelvic Splanchnic Nerves are parasympathetic Sacral spinal nerves S2-S4. ... Lesser Thoracic Splanchnic: T10-T11. Sympathetic spinal nerves supplying the hindgut, generally. Least Thoracic Splanchnic: T12 ...
more infohttps://www.kumc.edu/AMA-MSS/Study/abdomen.htm

Anatomy on the table - Innervation of the viscera: Thorax - Pain! | CourseraAnatomy on the table - Innervation of the viscera: Thorax - Pain! | Coursera

Right here, we can see a large splanchnic nerve emerge, so this is a thoracic splanchnic nerve. ... So the vagus nerve supplies most of the parasympathetic enervation, actually for ... we must actually open the mediastinal pleura covering the pleural cavity here. ... Another little branch here, this actually forms the great splanchnic nerve. The great splanchnic nerve actually bounces through ...
more infohttps://www.coursera.org/lecture/abdomen-anatomy/anatomy-on-the-table-innervation-of-the-viscera-thorax-KhA4U

IHP | definition of IHP by Medical dictionaryIHP | definition of IHP by Medical dictionary

... superior hypogastric plexus and the lowest lumbar splanchnic nerves and parasympathetic axons from the pelvic splanchnic nerves ... aortic plexus, thoracic. A nerve plexus that coats the thoracic aorta; it is composed of axons from the upper thoracic ganglia ... A nerve plexus along the medial wall of the tympanic cavity. The axons of this plexus come from the glossopharyngeal nerve and ... superior hypogastric plexus and the lowest lumbar splanchnic nerves and parasympathetic axons from the pelvic splanchnic nerves ...
more infohttps://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/IHP

Difference between revisions of Book - Manual of Human Embryology 15 - EmbryologyDifference between revisions of "Book - Manual of Human Embryology 15" - Embryology

... splanchnic nerve; p, pleuroperitoneal cushion; v, vertebra. The darkly stippled masses, traversed by nerves, lying on the ... Whether the parasympathetic cells show the chrome reaction at this stage of development is yet to be determined. ... They frequently imbed themselves in cavities in the organ and should not be confused with adenomata. Some of the nodes may come ... projects extensively behind the thoracic portions of the cardinal veins (Fig. 116). In embryos of 14 mm. and 15 mm. this ...
more infohttps://embryology.med.unsw.edu.au/embryology/index.php?title=Book_-_Manual_of_Human_Embryology_15&diff=363475&oldid=prev

nerve | Tabers Medical Dictionarynerve | Taber's Medical Dictionary

nerve answers are found in the Tabers Medical Dictionary powered by Unbound Medicine. Available for iPhone, iPad, Android, and ... splanchnic nerves, which carry preganglionic sympathetic axons from ganglia 6-10 of the thoracic sympathetic trunk to the ... parasympathetic nerve. A nerve that contains axons of the parasympathetic division of the autonomic nervous system in addition ... cranial nerve. ABBR: CN Any of the 12 pairs of nerves that leave the cranial cavity through foramina in the skull and innervate ...
more infohttps://nursing.unboundmedicine.com/nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/730433/all/long_thoracic_nerve
  • The musculocutaneous nerve innervates skin on the anterolateral side of the forearm. (bdforum.org)
  • Sometimes there is a middle superior alveolar nerve that innervates the premolars and first molar. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • A sensory branch of the mandibular nerve (CN V3) It passes through the parotid gland en route to the ear, where it innervates skin of the pinna, external auditory canal, and tympanic membrane. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • The presynaptic nerves finally synapse in prevertebral ganglia that are closer to their target organ. (statpearls.com)
  • The nerve cell that bears receptors for neurotransmitters released into the synaptic cleft by the presynaptic neuron. (lumenlearning.com)
  • Allocate as a peripheral part, which are the nerves, the nerves, plexus and components. (anthropotomy.com)
  • Peripheral nerve, cross section" by Courtesy: Department of Histology, Jagiellonian University Medical College. (lecturio.com)
  • Most intrinsic muscles of the hand are innervated by the ulnar nerve, except for the thenar muscles and two lateral lumbrical muscles, which are innervated by the median nerve. (bdforum.org)