Parasites: Invertebrate organisms that live on or in another organism (the host), and benefit at the expense of the other. Traditionally excluded from definition of parasites are pathogenic BACTERIA; FUNGI; VIRUSES; and PLANTS; though they may live parasitically.Patient Care Team: Care of patients by a multidisciplinary team usually organized under the leadership of a physician; each member of the team has specific responsibilities and the whole team contributes to the care of the patient.Nursing, Team: Coordination of nursing services by various nursing care personnel under the leadership of a professional nurse. The team may consist of a professional nurse, nurses' aides, and the practical nurse.Host-Parasite Interactions: The relationship between an invertebrate and another organism (the host), one of which lives at the expense of the other. Traditionally excluded from definition of parasites are pathogenic BACTERIA; FUNGI; VIRUSES; and PLANTS; though they may live parasitically.Parasite Load: Measure of the number of the PARASITES present in a host organism.Plasmodium falciparum: A species of protozoa that is the causal agent of falciparum malaria (MALARIA, FALCIPARUM). It is most prevalent in the tropics and subtropics.Protozoan Proteins: Proteins found in any species of protozoan.Parasitic Diseases, Animal: Infections or infestations with parasitic organisms. The infestation may be experimental or veterinary.Malaria: A protozoan disease caused in humans by four species of the PLASMODIUM genus: PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM; PLASMODIUM VIVAX; PLASMODIUM OVALE; and PLASMODIUM MALARIAE; and transmitted by the bite of an infected female mosquito of the genus ANOPHELES. Malaria is endemic in parts of Asia, Africa, Central and South America, Oceania, and certain Caribbean islands. It is characterized by extreme exhaustion associated with paroxysms of high FEVER; SWEATING; shaking CHILLS; and ANEMIA. Malaria in ANIMALS is caused by other species of plasmodia.Parasite Egg Count: Determination of parasite eggs in feces.Toxoplasma: A genus of protozoa parasitic to birds and mammals. T. gondii is one of the most common infectious pathogenic animal parasites of man.Apicomplexa: A phylum of unicellular parasitic EUKARYOTES characterized by the presence of complex apical organelles generally consisting of a conoid that aids in penetrating host cells, rhoptries that possibly secrete a proteolytic enzyme, and subpellicular microtubules that may be related to motility.Malaria, Falciparum: Malaria caused by PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM. This is the severest form of malaria and is associated with the highest levels of parasites in the blood. This disease is characterized by irregularly recurring febrile paroxysms that in extreme cases occur with acute cerebral, renal, or gastrointestinal manifestations.DNA, Protozoan: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of protozoa.Life Cycle Stages: The continuous sequence of changes undergone by living organisms during the post-embryonic developmental process, such as metamorphosis in insects and amphibians. This includes the developmental stages of apicomplexans such as the malarial parasite, PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM.Intestinal Diseases, Parasitic: Infections of the INTESTINES with PARASITES, commonly involving PARASITIC WORMS. Infections with roundworms (NEMATODE INFECTIONS) and tapeworms (CESTODE INFECTIONS) are also known as HELMINTHIASIS.Antigens, Protozoan: Any part or derivative of any protozoan that elicits immunity; malaria (Plasmodium) and trypanosome antigens are presently the most frequently encountered.Trypanosoma cruzi: The agent of South American trypanosomiasis or CHAGAS DISEASE. Its vertebrate hosts are man and various domestic and wild animals. Insects of several species are vectors.Antimalarials: Agents used in the treatment of malaria. They are usually classified on the basis of their action against plasmodia at different stages in their life cycle in the human. (From AMA, Drug Evaluations Annual, 1992, p1585)Plasmodium berghei: A protozoan parasite of rodents transmitted by the mosquito Anopheles dureni.Parasitic Diseases: Infections or infestations with parasitic organisms. They are often contracted through contact with an intermediate vector, but may occur as the result of direct exposure.Trematoda: Class of parasitic flukes consisting of three subclasses, Monogenea, Aspidogastrea, and Digenea. The digenetic trematodes are the only ones found in man. They are endoparasites and require two hosts to complete their life cycle.Parasitemia: The presence of parasites (especially malarial parasites) in the blood. (Dorland, 27th ed)Erythrocytes: Red blood cells. Mature erythrocytes are non-nucleated, biconcave disks containing HEMOGLOBIN whose function is to transport OXYGEN.Genes, Protozoan: The functional hereditary units of protozoa.Leishmania: A genus of flagellate protozoa comprising several species that are pathogenic for humans. Organisms of this genus have an amastigote and a promastigote stage in their life cycles. As a result of enzymatic studies this single genus has been divided into two subgenera: Leishmania leishmania and Leishmania viannia. Species within the Leishmania leishmania subgenus include: L. aethiopica, L. arabica, L. donovani, L. enrietti, L. gerbilli, L. hertigi, L. infantum, L. major, L. mexicana, and L. tropica. The following species are those that compose the Leishmania viannia subgenus: L. braziliensis, L. guyanensis, L. lainsoni, L. naiffi, and L. shawi.Cestoda: A subclass of segmented worms comprising the tapeworms.Protozoan Infections: Infections with unicellular organisms formerly members of the subkingdom Protozoa.Protozoan Infections, Animal: Infections with unicellular organisms formerly members of the subkingdom Protozoa. The infections may be experimental or veterinary.Hospital Rapid Response Team: Multidisciplinary team most frequently consisting of INTENSIVE CARE UNIT trained personnel who are available 24 hours per day, 7 days per week for evaluation of patients who develop signs or symptoms of severe clinical deterioration.Haemosporida: An order of heteroxenous protozoa in which the macrogamete and microgamont develop independently. A conoid is usually absent.Genome, Protozoan: The complete genetic complement contained in a set of CHROMOSOMES in a protozoan.Antiprotozoal Agents: Substances that are destructive to protozoans.Helminths: Commonly known as parasitic worms, this group includes the ACANTHOCEPHALA; NEMATODA; and PLATYHELMINTHS. Some authors consider certain species of LEECHES that can become temporarily parasitic as helminths.Leishmania major: A parasitic hemoflagellate of the subgenus Leishmania leishmania that infects man and animals and causes cutaneous leishmaniasis (LEISHMANIASIS, CUTANEOUS) of the Old World. Transmission is by Phlebotomus sandflies.Antibodies, Protozoan: Immunoglobulins produced in a response to PROTOZOAN ANTIGENS.Helminthiasis, Animal: Infestation of animals with parasitic worms of the helminth class. The infestation may be experimental or veterinary.Parasitology: The study of parasites and PARASITIC DISEASES.Leishmania donovani: A parasitic hemoflagellate of the subgenus Leishmania leishmania that infects man and animals and causes visceral leishmaniasis (LEISHMANIASIS, VISCERAL). The sandfly genera Phlebotomus and Lutzomyia are the vectors.Parasitic Sensitivity Tests: Tests that demonstrate the relative effectiveness of chemotherapeutic agents against specific parasites.Institutional Management Teams: Administrator-selected management groups who are responsible for making decisions pertaining to the provision of integrated direction for various institutional functions.Schistosoma mansoni: A species of trematode blood flukes of the family Schistosomatidae. It is common in the Nile delta. The intermediate host is the planorbid snail. This parasite causes schistosomiasis mansoni and intestinal bilharziasis.Sporozoites: The product of meiotic division of zygotes in parasitic protozoa comprising haploid cells. These infective cells invade the host and undergo asexual reproduction producing MEROZOITES (or other forms) and ultimately gametocytes.Drug Resistance: Diminished or failed response of an organism, disease or tissue to the intended effectiveness of a chemical or drug. It should be differentiated from DRUG TOLERANCE which is the progressive diminution of the susceptibility of a human or animal to the effects of a drug, as a result of continued administration.Nematode Infections: Infections by nematodes, general or unspecified.Leishmaniasis, Cutaneous: An endemic disease that is characterized by the development of single or multiple localized lesions on exposed areas of skin that typically ulcerate. The disease has been divided into Old and New World forms. Old World leishmaniasis is separated into three distinct types according to epidemiology and clinical manifestations and is caused by species of the L. tropica and L. aethiopica complexes as well as by species of the L. major genus. New World leishmaniasis, also called American leishmaniasis, occurs in South and Central America and is caused by species of the L. mexicana or L. braziliensis complexes.Plasmodium yoelii: A species of PLASMODIUM causing malaria in rodents.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Trematode Infections: Infections caused by infestation with worms of the class Trematoda.Plasmodium vivax: A protozoan parasite that causes vivax malaria (MALARIA, VIVAX). This species is found almost everywhere malaria is endemic and is the only one that has a range extending into the temperate regions.Leishmaniasis: A disease caused by any of a number of species of protozoa in the genus LEISHMANIA. There are four major clinical types of this infection: cutaneous (Old and New World) (LEISHMANIASIS, CUTANEOUS), diffuse cutaneous (LEISHMANIASIS, DIFFUSE CUTANEOUS), mucocutaneous (LEISHMANIASIS, MUCOCUTANEOUS), and visceral (LEISHMANIASIS, VISCERAL).Trophozoites: Cells or feeding stage in the life cycle of sporozoan protozoa. In the malarial parasite, the trophozoite develops from the MEROZOITE and then splits into the SCHIZONT. Trophozoites that are left over from cell division can go on to form gametocytes.Chloroquine: The prototypical antimalarial agent with a mechanism that is not well understood. It has also been used to treat rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, and in the systemic therapy of amebic liver abscesses.Chagas Disease: Infection with the protozoan parasite TRYPANOSOMA CRUZI, a form of TRYPANOSOMIASIS endemic in Central and South America. It is named after the Brazilian physician Carlos Chagas, who discovered the parasite. Infection by the parasite (positive serologic result only) is distinguished from the clinical manifestations that develop years later, such as destruction of PARASYMPATHETIC GANGLIA; CHAGAS CARDIOMYOPATHY; and dysfunction of the ESOPHAGUS or COLON.Trypanosoma brucei brucei: A hemoflagellate subspecies of parasitic protozoa that causes nagana in domestic and game animals in Africa. It apparently does not infect humans. It is transmitted by bites of tsetse flies (Glossina).Anopheles: A genus of mosquitoes (CULICIDAE) that are known vectors of MALARIA.Acanthocephala: A phylum of parasitic worms, closely related to tapeworms and containing two genera: Moniliformis, which sometimes infects man, and Macracanthorhynchus, which infects swine.Leishmaniasis, Visceral: A chronic disease caused by LEISHMANIA DONOVANI and transmitted by the bite of several sandflies of the genera Phlebotomus and Lutzomyia. It is commonly characterized by fever, chills, vomiting, anemia, hepatosplenomegaly, leukopenia, hypergammaglobulinemia, emaciation, and an earth-gray color of the skin. The disease is classified into three main types according to geographic distribution: Indian, Mediterranean (or infantile), and African.Schizonts: Multinucleate cells or a stage in the development of sporozoan protozoa. It is exemplified by the life cycle of PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM in the MALARIA infection cycle.Oocysts: Zygote-containing cysts of sporozoan protozoa. Further development in an oocyst produces small individual infective organisms called SPOROZOITES. Then, depending on the genus, the entire oocyst is called a sporocyst or the oocyst contains multiple sporocysts encapsulating the sporozoites.Merozoites: Uninuclear cells or a stage in the life cycle of sporozoan protozoa. Merozoites, released from ruptured multinucleate SCHIZONTS, enter the blood stream and infect the ERYTHROCYTES.Trypanosoma: A genus of flagellate protozoans found in the blood and lymph of vertebrates and invertebrates, both hosts being required to complete the life cycle.Microsporidia: A phylum of fungi comprising minute intracellular PARASITES with FUNGAL SPORES of unicellular origin. It has two classes: Rudimicrosporea and MICROSPOREA.RNA, Protozoan: Ribonucleic acid in protozoa having regulatory and catalytic roles as well as involvement in protein synthesis.Giardia lamblia: A species of parasitic EUKARYOTES that attaches itself to the intestinal mucosa and feeds on mucous secretions. The organism is roughly pear-shaped and motility is somewhat erratic, with a slow oscillation about the long axis.Coccidiosis: Protozoan infection found in animals and man. It is caused by several different genera of COCCIDIA.Cestode Infections: Infections with true tapeworms of the helminth subclass CESTODA.Fish Diseases: Diseases of freshwater, marine, hatchery or aquarium fish. This term includes diseases of both teleosts (true fish) and elasmobranchs (sharks, rays and skates).Artemisinins: A group of SESQUITERPENES and their analogs that contain a peroxide group (PEROXIDES) within an oxepin ring (OXEPINS).Entamoeba histolytica: A species of parasitic protozoa causing ENTAMOEBIASIS and amebic dysentery (DYSENTERY, AMEBIC). Characteristics include a single nucleus containing a small central karyosome and peripheral chromatin that is finely and regularly beaded.Eukaryota: One of the three domains of life (the others being BACTERIA and ARCHAEA), also called Eukarya. These are organisms whose cells are enclosed in membranes and possess a nucleus. They comprise almost all multicellular and many unicellular organisms, and are traditionally divided into groups (sometimes called kingdoms) including ANIMALS; PLANTS; FUNGI; and various algae and other taxa that were previously part of the old kingdom Protista.Interdisciplinary Communication: Communication, in the sense of cross-fertilization of ideas, involving two or more academic disciplines (such as the disciplines that comprise the cross-disciplinary field of bioethics, including the health and biological sciences, the humanities, and the social sciences and law). Also includes problems in communication stemming from differences in patterns of language usage in different academic or medical disciplines.Protozoan Vaccines: Suspensions of attenuated or killed protozoa administered for the prevention or treatment of infectious protozoan disease.Toxoplasmosis: The acquired form of infection by Toxoplasma gondii in animals and man.Malaria Vaccines: Vaccines made from antigens arising from any of the four strains of Plasmodium which cause malaria in humans, or from P. berghei which causes malaria in rodents.Nematoda: A class of unsegmented helminths with fundamental bilateral symmetry and secondary triradiate symmetry of the oral and esophageal structures. Many species are parasites.Eimeria: A genus of protozoan parasites of the subclass COCCIDIA. Various species are parasitic in the epithelial cells of the liver and intestines of man and other animals.Insect Vectors: Insects that transmit infective organisms from one host to another or from an inanimate reservoir to an animate host.Malaria, Vivax: Malaria caused by PLASMODIUM VIVAX. This form of malaria is less severe than MALARIA, FALCIPARUM, but there is a higher probability for relapses to occur. Febrile paroxysms often occur every other day.Filarioidea: A superfamily of nematodes of the suborder SPIRURINA. Its organisms possess a filiform body and a mouth surrounded by papillae.Antigens, Helminth: Any part or derivative of a helminth that elicits an immune reaction. The most commonly seen helminth antigens are those of the schistosomes.Trypanosomiasis: Infection with protozoa of the genus TRYPANOSOMA.Trypanosomiasis, African: A disease endemic among people and animals in Central Africa. It is caused by various species of trypanosomes, particularly T. gambiense and T. rhodesiense. Its second host is the TSETSE FLY. Involvement of the central nervous system produces "African sleeping sickness." Nagana is a rapidly fatal trypanosomiasis of horses and other animals.Toxoplasmosis, Animal: Acquired infection of non-human animals by organisms of the genus TOXOPLASMA.Mice, Inbred BALB CAmino Acid Sequence: The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.Brugia malayi: A species of parasitic nematode causing Malayan filariasis and having a distribution centering roughly on the Malay peninsula. The life cycle of B. malayi is similar to that of WUCHERERIA BANCROFTI, except that in most areas the principal mosquito vectors belong to the genus Mansonia.Antibodies, Helminth: Immunoglobulins produced in a response to HELMINTH ANTIGENS.Trypanocidal Agents: Agents destructive to the protozoal organisms belonging to the suborder TRYPANOSOMATINA.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Ectoparasitic Infestations: Infestations by PARASITES which live on, or burrow into, the surface of their host's EPIDERMIS. Most ectoparasites are ARTHROPODS.Cryptosporidium parvum: A species of parasitic protozoa that infects humans and most domestic mammals. Its oocysts measure five microns in diameter. These organisms exhibit alternating cycles of sexual and asexual reproduction.Babesia: A genus of tick-borne protozoan parasites that infests the red blood cells of mammals, including humans. There are many recognized species, and the distribution is world-wide.Platyhelminths: A phylum of acoelomate, bilaterally symmetrical flatworms, without a definite anus. It includes three classes: Cestoda, Turbellaria, and Trematoda.Theileriasis: Infection of cattle, sheep, or goats with protozoa of the genus THEILERIA. This infection results in an acute or chronic febrile condition.Interprofessional Relations: The reciprocal interaction of two or more professional individuals.Antiparasitic Agents: Drugs used to treat or prevent parasitic infections.Spores, Protozoan: A vegetative stage in the life cycle of sporozoan protozoa. It is characteristic of members of the phyla APICOMPLEXA and MICROSPORIDIA.Polymerase Chain Reaction: In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.Giardiasis: An infection of the SMALL INTESTINE caused by the flagellated protozoan GIARDIA LAMBLIA. It is spread via contaminated food and water and by direct person-to-person contact.Helminth Proteins: Proteins found in any species of helminth.Feces: Excrement from the INTESTINES, containing unabsorbed solids, waste products, secretions, and BACTERIA of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.Babesiosis: A group of tick-borne diseases of mammals including ZOONOSES in humans. They are caused by protozoa of the genus BABESIA, which parasitize erythrocytes, producing hemolysis. In the U.S., the organism's natural host is mice and transmission is by the deer tick IXODES SCAPULARIS.Anthelmintics: Agents destructive to parasitic worms. They are used therapeutically in the treatment of HELMINTHIASIS in man and animal.Filariasis: Infections with nematodes of the superfamily FILARIOIDEA. The presence of living worms in the body is mainly asymptomatic but the death of adult worms leads to granulomatous inflammation and permanent fibrosis. Organisms of the genus Elaeophora infect wild elk and domestic sheep causing ischemic necrosis of the brain, blindness, and dermatosis of the face.Cooperative Behavior: The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)Culicidae: A family of the order DIPTERA that comprises the mosquitoes. The larval stages are aquatic, and the adults can be recognized by the characteristic WINGS, ANIMAL venation, the scales along the wing veins, and the long proboscis. Many species are of particular medical importance.Schistosoma: A genus of trematode flukes belonging to the family Schistosomatidae. There are over a dozen species. These parasites are found in man and other mammals. Snails are the intermediate hosts.Plasmodium gallinaceum: A protozoan parasite that causes avian malaria (MALARIA, AVIAN), primarily in chickens, and is transmitted by the Aedes mosquito.Trypanosomatina: A suborder of monoflagellate parasitic protozoa that lives in the blood and tissues of man and animals. Representative genera include: Blastocrithidia, Leptomonas, CRITHIDIA, Herpetomonas, LEISHMANIA, Phytomonas, and TRYPANOSOMA. Species of this suborder may exist in two or more morphologic stages formerly named after genera exemplifying these forms - amastigote (LEISHMANIA), choanomastigote (CRITHIDIA), promastigote (Leptomonas), opisthomastigote (Herpetomonas), epimastigote (Blastocrithidia), and trypomastigote (TRYPANOSOMA).Species Specificity: The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.Helminthiasis: Infestation with parasitic worms of the helminth class.Pyrimethamine: One of the FOLIC ACID ANTAGONISTS that is used as an antimalarial or with a sulfonamide to treat toxoplasmosis.RNA, Ribosomal, 18S: Constituent of the 40S subunit of eukaryotic ribosomes. 18S rRNA is involved in the initiation of polypeptide synthesis in eukaryotes.Leishmania braziliensis: A parasitic hemoflagellate of the subgenus Leishmania viannia that infects man and animals. It causes cutaneous (LEISHMANIASIS, CUTANEOUS), diffuse cutaneous (LEISHMANIASIS, DIFFUSE CUTANEOUS), and mucocutaneous leishmaniasis (LEISHMANIASIS, MUCOCUTANEOUS) depending on the subspecies of this organism. The sandfly, Lutzomyia, is the vector. The Leishmania braziliensis complex includes the subspecies braziliensis and peruviana. Uta, a form of cutaneous leishmaniasis in the New World, is caused by the subspecies peruviana.DNA, Helminth: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of helminths.Pasteuria: A genus of GRAM-POSITIVE ENDOSPORE-FORMING BACTERIA in the family Pasteuriaceae. It is transmitted via soil or waterborne SPORES.Microscopy: The use of instrumentation and techniques for visualizing material and details that cannot be seen by the unaided eye. It is usually done by enlarging images, transmitted by light or electron beams, with optical or magnetic lenses that magnify the entire image field. With scanning microscopy, images are generated by collecting output from the specimen in a point-by-point fashion, on a magnified scale, as it is scanned by a narrow beam of light or electrons, a laser, a conductive probe, or a topographical probe.Leishmania tropica: A parasitic hemoflagellate of the subgenus Leishmania leishmania that infects man and rodents. This taxonomic complex includes species which cause a disease called Oriental sore which is a form of cutaneous leishmaniasis (LEISHMANIASIS, CUTANEOUS) of the Old World.Theileria parva: A protozoan parasite that is the etiologic agent of East Coast fever (THEILERIASIS). Transmission is by ticks of the Physicephalus and Hyalomma genera.Cryptosporidiosis: Intestinal infection with organisms of the genus CRYPTOSPORIDIUM. It occurs in both animals and humans. Symptoms include severe DIARRHEA.Plasmodium malariae: A protozoan parasite that occurs primarily in subtropical and temperate areas. It is the causal agent of quartan malaria. As the parasite grows it exhibits little ameboid activity.Eimeria tenella: A species of coccidian protozoa that mainly infects domestic poultry.Giardia: A genus of flagellate intestinal EUKARYOTES parasitic in various vertebrates, including humans. Characteristics include the presence of four pairs of flagella arising from a complicated system of axonemes and cysts that are ellipsoidal to ovoidal in shape.Strongylida Infections: Infections with nematodes of the order STRONGYLIDA.Theileria: A genus of tick-borne protozoa parasitic in the lymphocytes, erythrocytes, and endothelial cells of mammals. Its organisms multiply asexually and then invade erythrocytes, where they undergo no further reproduction until ingested by a transmitting tick.Schistosomiasis mansoni: Schistosomiasis caused by Schistosoma mansoni. It is endemic in Africa, the Middle East, South America, and the Caribbean and affects mainly the bowel, spleen, and liver.Sequence Analysis, DNA: A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.Biological Evolution: The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.Coccidia: A subclass of protozoans commonly parasitic in the epithelial cells of the intestinal tract but also found in the liver and other organs. Its organisms are found in both vertebrates and higher invertebrates and comprise two orders: EIMERIIDA and EUCOCCIDIIDA.Merozoite Surface Protein 1: A surface protein found on Plasmodium species which induces a T-cell response. The antigen is polymorphic, sharing amino acid sequence homology among PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM; PLASMODIUM CHABAUDI; PLASMODIUM VIVAX; and PLASMODIUM YOELII.Neospora: A genus of protozoan parasites of the subclass COCCIDIA. Its species are parasitic in dogs, cattle, goats, and sheep, among others. N. caninum, a species that mainly infects dogs, is intracellular in neural and other cells of the body, multiplies by endodyogeny, has no parasitophorous vacuole, and has numerous rhoptries. It is known to cause lesions in many tissues, especially the brain and spinal cord as well as abortion in the expectant mother.Cryptosporidium: A genus of coccidian parasites of the family CRYPTOSPORIDIIDAE, found in the intestinal epithelium of many vertebrates including humans.BrazilDaphnia: A diverse genus of minute freshwater CRUSTACEA, of the suborder CLADOCERA. They are a major food source for both young and adult freshwater fish.Mefloquine: A phospholipid-interacting antimalarial drug (ANTIMALARIALS). It is very effective against PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM with very few side effects.Blood: The body fluid that circulates in the vascular system (BLOOD VESSELS). Whole blood includes PLASMA and BLOOD CELLS.Alveolata: A group of three related eukaryotic phyla whose members possess an alveolar membrane system, consisting of flattened membrane-bound sacs lying beneath the outer cell membrane.Plasmodium knowlesi: A protozoan parasite from Southeast Asia that causes monkey malaria. It is naturally acquired by man in Malaysia and can also be transmitted experimentally to humans.Atovaquone: A hydroxynaphthoquinone that has antimicrobial activity and is being used in antimalarial protocols.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Leadership: The function of directing or controlling the actions or attitudes of an individual or group with more or less willing acquiescence of the followers.Larva: Wormlike or grublike stage, following the egg in the life cycle of insects, worms, and other metamorphosing animals.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Trichomonas vaginalis: A species of TRICHOMONAS that produces a refractory vaginal discharge in females, as well as bladder and urethral infections in males.Haemonchus: A genus of parasitic nematode worms which infest the duodenum and stomach of domestic and wild herbivores, which ingest it with the grasses (POACEAE) they eat. Infestation of man is accidental.Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.Theileria annulata: A protozoan parasite causing tropical theileriasis in cattle. It is transmitted by ticks of the Hyalomma genus.Organisms, Genetically Modified: Organisms whose GENOME has been changed by a GENETIC ENGINEERING technique.Biomphalaria: A genus of planorbid freshwater snails, species of which are intermediate hosts of Schistosoma mansoni.Schistosomiasis: Infection with flukes (trematodes) of the genus SCHISTOSOMA. Three species produce the most frequent clinical diseases: SCHISTOSOMA HAEMATOBIUM (endemic in Africa and the Middle East), SCHISTOSOMA MANSONI (in Egypt, northern and southern Africa, some West Indies islands, northern 2/3 of South America), and SCHISTOSOMA JAPONICUM (in Japan, China, the Philippines, Celebes, Thailand, Laos). S. mansoni is often seen in Puerto Ricans living in the United States.Isospora: A genus of protozoan parasites found in the intestines of birds, amphibians, reptiles, and mammals, including man. The oocysts produce two sporocysts, each with four sporozoites. Many species are parasitic in wild and domestic animals.Bird Diseases: Diseases of birds not considered poultry, therefore usually found in zoos, parks, and the wild. The concept is differentiated from POULTRY DISEASES which is for birds raised as a source of meat or eggs for human consumption, and usually found in barnyards, hatcheries, etc.Onchocerca: A genus of parasitic nematodes whose organisms live and breed in skin and subcutaneous tissues. Onchocercal microfilariae may also be found in the urine, blood, or sputum.DNA, Kinetoplast: DNA of kinetoplasts which are specialized MITOCHONDRIA of trypanosomes and related parasitic protozoa within the order KINETOPLASTIDA. Kinetoplast DNA consists of a complex network of numerous catenated rings of two classes; the first being a large number of small DNA duplex rings, called minicircles, approximately 2000 base pairs in length, and the second being several dozen much larger rings, called maxicircles, approximately 37 kb in length.Endemic Diseases: The constant presence of diseases or infectious agents within a given geographic area or population group. It may also refer to the usual prevalence of a given disease with such area or group. It includes holoendemic and hyperendemic diseases. A holoendemic disease is one for which a high prevalent level of infection begins early in life and affects most of the child population, leading to a state of equilibrium such that the adult population shows evidence of the disease much less commonly than do children (malaria in many communities is a holoendemic disease). A hyperendemic disease is one that is constantly present at a high incidence and/or prevalence rate and affects all groups equally. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 3d ed, p53, 78, 80)Kinetoplastida: An order of flagellate protozoa. Characteristics include the presence of one or two flagella arising from a depression in the cell body and a single mitochondrion that extends the length of the body.Vacuoles: Any spaces or cavities within a cell. They may function in digestion, storage, secretion, or excretion.Genetic Variation: Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.Brugia: A filarial worm of Southeast Asia, producing filariasis and elephantiasis in various mammals including man. It was formerly included in the genus WUCHERERIA.Virulence: The degree of pathogenicity within a group or species of microorganisms or viruses as indicated by case fatality rates and/or the ability of the organism to invade the tissues of the host. The pathogenic capacity of an organism is determined by its VIRULENCE FACTORS.Management Quality Circles: Participation of employees with management as a labor-management team, in decisions pertaining to the operational activities of the organization or industry.Entamoeba: A genus of ameboid protozoa characterized by the presence of beaded chromatin on the inner surface of the nuclear membrane. Its organisms are parasitic in invertebrates and vertebrates, including humans.Pregnancy Complications, Parasitic: The co-occurrence of pregnancy and parasitic diseases. The parasitic infection may precede or follow FERTILIZATION.Sequence Alignment: The arrangement of two or more amino acid or base sequences from an organism or organisms in such a way as to align areas of the sequences sharing common properties. The degree of relatedness or homology between the sequences is predicted computationally or statistically based on weights assigned to the elements aligned between the sequences. This in turn can serve as a potential indicator of the genetic relatedness between the organisms.Babesia microti: A species of protozoa infecting humans via the intermediate tick vector IXODES scapularis. The other hosts are the mouse PEROMYSCUS leucopus and meadow vole MICROTUS pennsylvanicus, which are fed on by the tick. Other primates can be experimentally infected with Babesia microti.Trichinella spiralis: A parasite of carnivorous mammals that causes TRICHINELLOSIS. It is especially common in rats and in swine fed uncooked garbage. Human infection is initiated by the consumption of raw or insufficiently cooked pork or other meat containing the encysted larvae.Macrophages: The relatively long-lived phagocytic cell of mammalian tissues that are derived from blood MONOCYTES. Main types are PERITONEAL MACROPHAGES; ALVEOLAR MACROPHAGES; HISTIOCYTES; KUPFFER CELLS of the liver; and OSTEOCLASTS. They may further differentiate within chronic inflammatory lesions to EPITHELIOID CELLS or may fuse to form FOREIGN BODY GIANT CELLS or LANGHANS GIANT CELLS. (from The Dictionary of Cell Biology, Lackie and Dow, 3rd ed.)Dog Diseases: Diseases of the domestic dog (Canis familiaris). This term does not include diseases of wild dogs, WOLVES; FOXES; and other Canidae for which the heading CARNIVORA is used.Blastocystis: A genus of protozoa of the suborder BLASTOCYSTINA. It was first classified as a yeast but further studies have shown it to be a protozoan.Nosema: A genus of parasitic FUNGI in the family Nosematidae. Some species are pathogenic for invertebrates of economic importance while others are being researched for possible roles in controlling pest INSECTS. They are also pathogenic in humans.Mice, Inbred C57BLDisease Vectors: Invertebrates or non-human vertebrates which transmit infective organisms from one host to another.Malaria, Cerebral: A condition characterized by somnolence or coma in the presence of an acute infection with PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM (and rarely other Plasmodium species). Initial clinical manifestations include HEADACHES; SEIZURES; and alterations of mentation followed by a rapid progression to COMA. Pathologic features include cerebral capillaries filled with parasitized erythrocytes and multiple small foci of cortical and subcortical necrosis. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p136)Trichostrongylus: A genus of parasitic nematodes found in the digestive tract of herbivorous animals. They cause incidental infections in humans from the following species: Trichostrongylus colubriformis, T. orientalis, T. axei, and T. probolurus.Sulfadoxine: A long acting sulfonamide that is used, usually in combination with other drugs, for respiratory, urinary tract, and malarial infections.Hymenolepis: A genus of small tapeworms of birds and mammals.Inhibitory Concentration 50: The concentration of a compound needed to reduce population growth of organisms, including eukaryotic cells, by 50% in vitro. Though often expressed to denote in vitro antibacterial activity, it is also used as a benchmark for cytotoxicity to eukaryotic cells in culture.Sequence Homology, Amino Acid: The degree of similarity between sequences of amino acids. This information is useful for the analyzing genetic relatedness of proteins and species.Blastocystis hominis: A species of parasitic protozoa found in the intestines of humans and other primates. It was classified as a yeast in 1912. Over the years, questions arose about this designation. In 1967, many physiological and morphological B. hominis characteristics were reported that fit a protozoan classification. Since that time, other papers have corroborated this work and the organism is now recognized as a protozoan parasite of humans causing intestinal disease with potentially disabling symptoms.Models, Biological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Trichinellosis: An infection with TRICHINELLA. It is caused by eating raw or undercooked meat that is infected with larvae of nematode worms TRICHINELLA genus. All members of the TRICHINELLA genus can infect human in addition to TRICHINELLA SPIRALIS, the traditional etiological agent. It is distributed throughout much of the world and is re-emerging in some parts as a public health hazard and a food safety problem.SesquiterpenesPsychodidae: Small, hairy, moth-like flies which are of considerable public health importance as vectors of certain pathogenic organisms. Important disease-related genera are PHLEBOTOMUS, Lutzomyia, and Sergentomyia.Organelles: Specific particles of membrane-bound organized living substances present in eukaryotic cells, such as the MITOCHONDRIA; the GOLGI APPARATUS; ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM; LYSOSOMES; PLASTIDS; and VACUOLES.Ancylostoma: A genus of nematode intestinal parasites that consists of several species. A. duodenale is the common hookworm in humans. A. braziliense, A. ceylonicum, and A. caninum occur primarily in cats and dogs, but all have been known to occur in humans.Immunity, Innate: The capacity of a normal organism to remain unaffected by microorganisms and their toxins. It results from the presence of naturally occurring ANTI-INFECTIVE AGENTS, constitutional factors such as BODY TEMPERATURE and immediate acting immune cells such as NATURAL KILLER CELLS.Drug Combinations: Single preparations containing two or more active agents, for the purpose of their concurrent administration as a fixed dose mixture.Trichuriasis: Infection with nematodes of the genus TRICHURIS, formerly called Trichocephalus.Taenia: A genus of large tapeworms.Encephalitozoon cuniculi: A species of parasitic FUNGI. This intracellular parasite is found in the BRAIN; HEART; and KIDNEYS of several MAMMALS. Transmission is probably by ingestion of the spores (SPORES, FUNGAL).Cysteine Proteases: A subclass of peptide hydrolases that depend on a CYSTEINE residue for their activity.Sarcocystis: A genus of protozoa found in reptiles, birds, and mammals, including humans. This heteroxenous parasite produces muscle cysts in intermediate hosts such as domestic herbivores (cattle, sheep, pigs) and rodents. Final hosts are predators such as dogs, cats, and man.Fasciola hepatica: A species of helminth commonly called the sheep liver fluke. It occurs in the biliary passages, liver, and gallbladder during various stages of development. Snails and aquatic vegetation are the intermediate hosts. Occasionally seen in man, it is most common in sheep and cattle.Crithidia: A genus of parasitic protozoans found in the digestive tract of invertebrates, especially insects. Organisms of this genus have an amastigote and choanomastigote stage in their life cycle.Entamoebiasis: Infection with amoebae of the genus ENTAMOEBA. Infection with E. histolytica causes DYSENTERY, AMEBIC and LIVER ABSCESS, AMEBIC.Ascariasis: Infection by nematodes of the genus ASCARIS. Ingestion of infective eggs causes diarrhea and pneumonitis. Its distribution is more prevalent in areas of poor sanitation and where human feces are used for fertilizer.Operating Rooms: Facilities equipped for performing surgery.Genotype: The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.Seasons: Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Snails: Marine, freshwater, or terrestrial mollusks of the class Gastropoda. Most have an enclosing spiral shell, and several genera harbor parasites pathogenic to man.
"CoolWebSearch". Parasite information database. Archived from the original on January 6, 2006. Retrieved September 4, 2008. ... "GO Keyboard - Emoji keyboard, Swipe input, GIFs". GOMO Dev Team. "GO Keyboard - Emoticon keyboard, Free Theme, GIF". GOMO Dev ... "InternetOptimizer". Parasite information database. Archived from the original on January 6, 2006. Retrieved September 4, 2008. ... "WeatherBug". Parasite information database. Archived from the original on February 6, 2005. Retrieved September 4, 2008. " ...
Parasites & Vectors. 7: 102. doi:10.1186/1756-3305-7-102. ISSN 1756-3305. PMC 4007564 . PMID 24618209. team, European Centre ... team, European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC)-Health Communication Unit- Eurosurveillance editorial (2011-03- ...
Geordi La Forge was part of the investigating team. In 2367, La Forge and members of his search team were mysteriously drawn ... The beings reproduce by infecting other races with a genetic parasite. ... Captain Sisko leads a team there to determine the feasibility of establishing a mining colony so far from Federation space. ... Triacus - A planet with a small Federation archeology team stationed there to investigate ancient ruins of an extinct ...
Sky, Team. "Team take third at TTT worlds - Team Sky". www.teamsky.com. Sky, Team. "Froome captures bronze in Worlds TT - Team ... "Chris Froome's Parasite - What is Bilharzia Anyway?". Decoded Science. Retrieved 24 July 2013. "Chris Froome extends contract ... "Millar Selected For Team GB Olympic Road Race Team". Cyclingnews.com. Future plc. 4 July 2012. Retrieved 27 July 2012. "Men's ... He moved to Europe to further his career, joining team Barloworld. In 2010, he moved to Team Sky and has become one of the ...
Crusher that placing the parasite in the host is the aliens' method of reproduction. Leijten joins the away team on the surface ... By eliminating members of the mission from the scene he manages to discover that their team was in the presence of an invisible ... While reviewing the data on the original Victory away team, Leijten becomes jittery and insists they return to the planet, and ... Crusher discovers that Leijten's transformation was triggered by an alien parasite that was capable of overwriting its host's ...
The team speculates that the parasite improves the mosquitoes' sense of smell. It may also reduce its risk aversion. Although ... The research team infected laboratory-raised Anopheles gambiae mosquitoes with Plasmodium parasites, leaving a control group ... A number of parasites of this genus are known to exist, including microsporidia of the genera Amblyospora, Crepidulospora, ... The parasite Wolbachia bacteria have also been studied for use as control agents. Taxonomy of Anopheles Tropical disease " ...
Each team of six trappers caught about twenty thousand birds each night. An estimated five to ten million queleas are trapped ... Internal parasites found in queleas include Haemoproteus and Plasmodium. The red-billed quelea is caught and eaten in many ... The diederik cuckoo is a brood parasite that probably lays eggs in nests of queleas. Some predators, such as snakes, raid nests ...
His team also developed a vaccination process against intracellular parasites. His work has assisted in widening the ... The team led by him studied Caerulomycin A, a pyridine-derived broad-spectrum antiobiotic and its immunosuppressive activity, ...
She survived and teamed up with Hitman to destroy the Taker. After the Bloodlines parasite outbreak was defeated, she ... In Superman Annual #5, part of the Bloodlines crossover event, her corpse was bitten/eaten by the alien parasite Gemir, which ...
Donna Carol Force, or D.C. for short, is part of the meta-human superhero team of Canada, known as the Force Family. D.C.'s ... D.C. and Harry find the parasite known as Gemir but D.C. changes her mind. This does not help, as she is attacked and bitten, ... She assists the hero known as Superboy in a battle in one of the parasite's many hideouts. The two are able to drive the aliens ... Some time later Sparx auditions for the Blood Pack, a team of New Bloods that would star in the "Blood Pack" television show, ...
Pritchard D (2005). "Sourcing a chemical succession for cyclosporin from parasites and human pathogens". Drug Discov Today. 10 ... Supports source organism, but not team information Blažič, Marko; Kosec, Gregor; Baebler, Špela; Gruden, Kristina; Petković, ...
"Parasite" was awarded with the second prize, and the third award went to "Magic Box". The students represented the following ... A group of 17 Japanese and 19 Lithuanian students were split into 6 mixed teams. Design named "Tunnels" (by Io Kato, Shunsuke ... Project teams and individual architects included: Tadas Balčiūnas, Vytautas Biekša, Marius Kanevičius; Jūras Balkevičius, (late ... project teams and individual architects. Firms represented: Kančo studija, Ambraso architektų biuras, G.Natkevičius ir ...
During this time Haag teamed with Christopher Duarte, who goes by the name of 'Parasite'. At this time, the team consisted of ' ... OpTic had a 3-0 victory against a team considered to be a top three team by many. In the second round OpTic was to come up ... OpTic Gaming was established in 2006 by OpTic KR3W as a Call of Duty sniping team. Only leading the team for a short time, he ... Again, Matt 'NaDeSHoT' Haag was not picked up for the main OpTic Gaming team and instead created his own OpTic team under the ...
Luthor reformed the team in the World War III storyline (JLA #36-41) with new members. This team did not attempt to mirror the ... When he tells Parasite and Plastique, they manage to disable the chips and attempt to form their own group of criminals. They ... The subsequent incarnation of the team appeared in the Rock of Ages storyline of JLA #10-15. This team was formed to mirror the ... After Copperhead gets arrested, The Joker joins the team. A new team, depicted in the episode "Fury," was later led by Aresia ...
A team of more than 30 surgeons worked in shifts. The surgery lasted for 27 hours. The doctors gave Lakshmi a 75-80% chance of ... 6 to 8 hours) Amputate the parasite's legs at the hip joints: this caused heavy bleeding. Cut the joined backbone: the nerves ... The combined pelvic ring was divided through or near the parasite's hip joints and not at the pubic symphyses. The remaining ... Remove the autosite's necrotic kidney and replace it with the parasite's kidney. Tie off the blood vessels that supplied the ...
The two became an inseparable research team, "dedicated to developing vaccines to protect children from bacterial diseases." ... ". "Malaria Vaccine Prompts Victims' Immune System to Eliminate Parasite From Mosquitoes". "NICHD Congressional Budget ... ". "MEDICAL INNOVATION:HAEMOPHILUS INFLUENZA TYPE B (HIB) VACCINE" (PDF). "Part of Team that Created Remarkable Hib Vaccine". " ...
The parasite is removed, but the team does not realize that the entire incident was orchestrated by Loeb and his wife to get ... To create the actual, physical parasite, the crew used a prosthetic chest and CGI to create the parasite, and a pig torso was ... You know what the f--k he'd do". The crew first considered making the parasite look like "an alien," but shifted away from that ... The story begins when a FBI agent collapses from a parasite constricting his heart, and Olivia must meet with biochemist David ...
House meets his team and starts a differential. Adams has figured out the patient isn't really 18 and says they have to call ... House reveals she has ascariasis, a parasite. They are generally asymptomatic, but when set off by a small trauma, they attack ... House drags the team to a skeet shooting range for the next differential. Chase comes up with vasculitis and House agrees to ... The team start talking about the patient being in Florida and that it might be a tropical infection. House notes those don't ...
Max later sees a vision of the future where a team led by Magog attacks Parasite. Parasite's absorption of Captain Atom causes ... and helps lead the team along with her. The team has a new ongoing series beginning December 2, 2009, written ... After the team barely survives a mass supervillain attack and returns to the Brownstone to find Mister Terrific had been ... After the split that occurs in the Justice Society, Magog forms and joins the newly formed All-Stars (a team composed mostly of ...
After saving it, Magnus and her team and Ranna part in good terms. It is also revealed Worth also came to the city to steal a ... In "Requiem", Magnus becomes exposed to an aggressive parasite in the Bermuda Triangle when going with Will to see a group of ... After finding an entrance to Hollow Earth in Tibet, she and the team venture to the underground city of Praxis, where leader ... She is later revived after Will captures the escaping parasite. In the two-part season finale "Revelations", the Cabal launch a ...
Karma and the rest of the team hoped this would be a sign of more success for them. However, at Gfinity 3 the team lost to Team ... Going into the MLG Winter Championship in Dallas, Impact's roster consisted of Karma, Parasite, Killa, and Mirx. This is where ... His first major event was MLG Columbus where he placed a decent 10th with his team yunGunZ. Going into the next event the team ... At the next major LAN event at UGC Niagara, the team finally looked beatable falling to an amateur team, XGN, in the first ...
As stated above, the team discovered DNA from several strains of a parasite proving he was infected with the most severe strain ... The team reported it was over 99.99 percent certain that Amenhotep III was the father of the individual in KV55, who was in ... A research team, consisting of Egyptian scientists Yehia Gad and Somaia Ismail from the National Research Centre in Cairo, ... In DNA tests of Tutankhamun's mummy, scientists found DNA from the mosquito-borne parasites that cause malaria. This is ...
Bresson tells the team not to test him for AIDS, as he does not believe it is true. Thirteen decides to quit in exchange for ... Taub and Kutner discover that Bresson has pneumocystis, a parasite he contracted through the church holy water. Pneumocystis is ... While the team tests Bresson's EEG for epilepsy, House calls Foreman and Thirteen in. He gives them the option to "split or ...
His team was the Special Executive, a future version of the Technet. The team's precognitive told him that Fascination wouldn't ... Captain Britain gathered together the plants necessary to create the antidote that would kill the parasite eggs. Gatecrasher ... It was later revealed that Saturnyne had hired the Technet under orders of Roma, who needed to form the superhero team to save ... Ferro2 was the identical brother of Ferro, and replaced him in the team when the former was killed by Mojo's Warwolves. Seems ...
Demand always creates a supply, and the team also found that there was a black market for parasite-free stools. One of the ... Schistosomiasis: The team eliminated 99 percent of the snail population over a two-year period beginning in 1949. "History of ... Hunter concentrated his research effort on that endemic problem, and by 1951 his team had eliminated it in the Nagatoishi ... United States forces occupying Japan required food handlers to be free of parasites, and Hunter fielded a mobile laboratory ...
Pathogens and parasites. The diseases and parasites that affect octopuses have been little studied, but cephalopods are known ... In 2015 a team in Italy built soft-bodied robots able to crawl and swim, requiring only minimal computation. In 2017 a ... Pascal, Santiago; Gestal, Camino; Estevez, J.; Arias, Christian Andrés (1996). "Parasites in commercially-exploited cephalopods ... The Google Books Team (2011). "Quantitative Analysis of Culture Using Millions of Digitized Books". Science. 331 (6014): 176- ...
Parasite teams speech after winning best picture, the audience rallied to let them continue. ... Audience demands Parasite team gets to finish Oscars speech The cast and crew of "Parasite" onstage after winning the best ... The "Parasite" team, including director Bong Joon Ho and producer Kwak Sin Ae, took to the stage to accept the award. ... The Oscars telecast, which was running long, dimmed the stage lights in a not-so-subtle attempt to play off the "Parasite" team ...
By depleting this substance called arginine, the parasite may trigger a more critical and deadlier phase of the disease. ... A team of researchers from Princeton University and the Drexel University College of Medicine has found that the parasite that ... A team of researchers from Princeton University and the Drexel University College of Medicine has found that the parasite that ... Malaria parasite zeroes in on molecule to enhance its survival, team finds by Kitta MacPherson ...
Can you name the Leachs Blackswans Super Eden Team? Test your knowledge on this literature quiz to see how you do and compare ... Literature Quiz / Leachs Blackswans Super Eden Team. Random Literature Quiz Can you name the Leachs Blackswans Super Eden ...
... By Patrick House ... Could a brain parasite found in cats help soccer teams win at the World Cup?. ... Could a brain parasite found in cats help soccer teams win at the World Cup?. ... so long as youre already among the top teams in the sport. Thus a difference in infection might separate a team like Germany ( ...
The Alien Swarm Parasite is a promotional cosmetic item for all classes. It is a stylized version of an enemy parasite from the ... If the parasite is shot after falling off its owners head, it will bleed. * Additionally, if the parasite is propelled across ... Team Spirit (RED) Team Spirit (BLU) Operators Overalls (RED) Operators Overalls (BLU) ... Alien Swarm Parasite · Wiki Cap · Ellis Cap · Mann Co. Cap · Dueling Badges (B · S · G · P) · Drs Dapper Topper · Polycount ...
... Findings may have ... An international team of researchers has uncovered how a molecular parasite responsible for playing a role in antibiotic- ... The study builds on previous work by the team.. The VCU portion of the study was led by Gail Christie, Ph.D., professor of ... SaPI is considered a molecular parasite.. SaPI "hijacks" a bacterial virus to spread among S. aureus bacteria, then directs it ...
These findings suggest that the state of the parasite may correlate wi......,Study,of,malaria,parasites,reveals,new,parasitic, ... A team led by scientists at MIT and Harvard University and supported ... ... Study of malaria parasites reveals new parasitic states. ... A team led by scientists at MIT and Harvard University and ... One newly described state appears to reflect starving parasites, while the other suggests parasites under extreme environmental ...
... Share ... SEE ALSO: Public Petitions Obama to Kill E-Parasite Act. ... also called the E-PARASITE act, CNET reports. While they support the bills goals of preventing rogue sites from distributing ...
Building the Parasite House: How Bong Joon Ho and His Team Made the Years Best Set. Korean director Bong Joon Hos Palme ... Building the Parasite House: How Bong Joon Ho and His Team Made the Years Best Set. 31 October 2019 ... In truth, it was the brainchild of "Parasite" production designer Lee Ha Jun. ... and an estimated 60 percent of Parasite takes place in the wealthy Park family home. Most viewers may not realise that the ...
Posted in Forages and Pasture, Management, Parasites and tagged Forages and Pasture, Management, Parasites. Bookmark the ... Pasture, Parasites, and Risk Management. May 10 2010. August 17, 2017. Rory Lewandowski, OSU Extension Educator, Athens County ... What can be done to reduce or minimize the risk of a heavy parasite infection while sheep and goats graze pastures? To answer ... OSU Sheep Team. Supporting Ohio sheep producers by providing educational information, sheep research conducted at Ohio State, ...
Posted in Parasites and tagged Management, Parasites, Reproduction. Bookmark the permalink. Post navigation. ← Larval Survival ... Animals with better genetic resistance shed fewer parasite eggs in their manure after theyre challenged with parasites, he ... Parasite Management Starts with Genetics. February 25 2020. February 25, 2020. Gail Keck. (Previously published in Ohio Farmer ... The lambs born in the fall do not spend much time on pasture, so they dont have as much of a challenge from parasites. The ...
Tag team. This host versus parasite battle rages amid the complex vaginal microbiome, which includes dozens of kinds of ... The surprise came when Mercer, Johnson and colleagues learned how neutrophils fight the parasite. The team reported its ... So Mercer set up her fight club, pitting the parasite against various immune cells in laboratory dishes. The parasite killed T ... The infection can be treated with metronidazole, a parasite-killing antibiotic, but about 5 percent of parasites are resistant ...
Parasite Studio * Location Timișoara, Romania * Design Team Claudiu Toma , Zeno Ardelean , Norbert Ianko ... Parasite Studio have shared with us their proposal for the competition. Their project, "Agora", consists in complex living ... Parasite Studio proposal for UP TO 35 Competition 12:30 - 16 October, 2009 ... https://www.archdaily.com/38092/parasite-studio-proposal-for-up-to-35-competition Sebastian Jordana ...
... to protect their young from deadly parasites. The endangered forty-spotted pardalotes nest in the hollows of old trees. They ... The research team, which is part of the Australian Governments National Environmental Science Program, has found a clever way ... The parasite is killing nine out of every 10 chicks in some areas according to PhD researcher Ms Fernanda Alves, from the ... This parasite could now lead to the extinction of this unique species if nothing is done," Ms Alves said. ...
Contact the BIE team. Find out more about which exhibitions are currently available for touring with Barbican International ... Parasite (15) Parent & Baby Screening. Sat 15. -. Mon 17 Feb 2020. ,Barbican Cinema 3 ... Parasite follows the Kim family, all four live in a tiny basement flat and all four are unemployed. One day they get a stroke ... If you would like to discuss ways to get involved and support the Barbican, please contact the Development team. ...
Parasite Cell Biology Team. Group Leader. Asif Mohmmed ICGEB New Delhi, India. E-mail: [email protected]. Group Leader CV ... Parasite Cell Biology. INFECTIOUS DISEASES / Parasitic Diseases. Research Interests. Functional biology of parasite proteases, ... Our group is working on several parasite proteases that may be involved in organelle biogenesis and parasite survival. One of ... Cellular Stress and parasite Cell-death. Another research theme of the group is to understand the molecular and cellular events ...
See skills, usage, and trend data for your teams. *Prepare for certifications with industry-leading practice exams ...
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Malaria in Africa: Parasite resistant to artemisinin. BBC. *. Washington Football Team reveals new helmet without logo. Yahoo ...
Parasite joins Ghost Gamings Call of Duty team. The 2013 world champion will team up with Pandur, GodRx, and Lacefield. ... Now, Parasite joins FeLo in departing from compLexity. He joins three incredibly talented players on Ghost and a team that has ... Parasite brings raw skill and experience to the team. In addition to being a talented player, the 2013 world champion knows ... SpaceLys team sweeps LlamaGod and crew to win the third NA CWL 2K of CoD: Black Ops 4. OpTic chose not to go for the three- ...
Subtitling Team Showbiz Korea Volunteer Team +15 Meet the community members dedicated to bringing you the subtitles for this ... Episode 2161: Bong Joon-ho(봉준호) & Song Kang-ho(송강호)s Interview for tragicomedy movie Parasite(기생충): Showbiz Korea. ... Episode 2161: Bong Joon-ho(봉준호) & Song Kang-ho(송강호)s Interview for tragicomedy movie Parasite(기생충) ...
Get exceptional Parasite Control services from highly experienced & loving pet care professionals in San Diego, CA. Visit VCA ... Get to Know Our Team. Highly knowledgeable and skilled veterinarians and well-trained, qualified staff are ready for your pet ... Parasite Control. Our hospital offers guidance on a number of Parasite Control Programs. The most common parasites that afflict ... Internal parasites such as worms are also capable of causing severe illness in pets. It is imperative that owners use one of ...
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Audience: Veterinary Team Video Length: 43 minutes. This presentation reviews common blood-borne parasites of cats and dogs ... This presentation reviews common blood-borne parasites of cats and dogs that may be of importance in a shelter setting, ... Additionally, she is a co-instructor in Wildlife Parasitology and Parasites as Literary Protagonists, and an invited lecturer ... Additionally, she is a co-instructor in Wildlife Parasitology and Parasites as Literary Protagonists, and an invited lecturer ...
Audience: Veterinary Team Video Length: 52 minutes. This presentation reviews common intestinal parasites of cats and dogs, ... Additionally, she is a co-instructor in Wildlife Parasitology and Parasites as Literary Protagonists, and an invited lecturer ... Lucio-Forster has authored several manuscripts on parasite detection, and is currently working alongside Dr. Bowman, on ... in 2007 where she studied zoonotic waterborne and soil-transmitted parasites under the tutelage of Dr. Dwight D. Bowman. After ...
Malaria parasitesPlasmodiumIntestinal parasites2020Bong Joon Ho'sPrevalenceInfectionSingle-celled parasiteResearchersScientistsSpeciesToxoplasmaFalciparum parasiteHostsGenes of the parasiteOscarsJojo RabbitStress and parasiteFecal samplesTeam'sParasitic DiseasesFish-parasiteBrood ParasitePastureInfectHelminthManipulateBiologyBrain parasiteTiny parasiteHeavy parasiteInternal parasitesProtozoan parasiteGenomeTrichomonasBacteria2017AffectsStrigaDetectionResistantInfectionsFindingsStrainsOnstageINFECTIOUS DISEASESInteractionSnailsNastyEggsAvianVirulentFoundGeneticallyFelineAcademy AwardsBehaviorHostImmuneTicksBloodOscarSearchLiverAmino acidSouth KoreanReproduce sexuallySamples
- According to the World Health Organization, some 350 to 500 million people are infected with malaria every year by mosquitos carrying one of the four human malaria parasites, P. falciparum, P. vivax, P. malariae or P. ovale. (princeton.edu)
- Study of malaria parasites reveals new parasi. (bio-medicine.org)
- By comparing this information about P. falciparum with gene activation patterns in a similar but better-understood organismbakers yeastthe scientists described three biological classes of malaria parasites, each with a different metabolic state. (bio-medicine.org)
- Our results suggest that within-host interactions between malaria parasites and Ebola virus may underlie epidemiologic associations. (cdc.gov)
- With this unprecedented level of detail, we can now begin to design new therapies that specifically target and disrupt the parasite's invasion machinery, preventing malaria parasites from hijacking human red blood cells to spread through the blood and, ultimately, be transmitted to others," Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research Associate Professor Wai-Hong Tham said in a statement. (xinhuanet.com)
- The researchers' work involves using Nobel Prize-winning microscopy technology to map previously hidden first contact between the Plasmodium vivax malaria parasites and young red blood cells they invade that marks the start of the parasites' spread throughout the body, according to the research. (xinhuanet.com)
- The Zanu-PF dictatorship life cycle is as distinct life cycle as distinct as that of a bilharzia or malaria parasites. (bulawayo24.com)
- EasyScan GO, an AI powered microscope developed by Chinese manufacturer Motic , has the capability to automatically and accurately quantify malaria parasites in a blood sample. (medgadget.com)
- Premiered at the International Conference on Computer Vision in October, the AI equipped microscope can quantify malaria parasites on par with experts, surpassing the capabilities necessary to be certified by the World Health Organization for Competency 1 microscope. (medgadget.com)
- As a central part of the research, the scientists created a "metabolomic" profile of the parasite, Plasmodium falciparum. (princeton.edu)
- An association between malaria and risk for death among patients with Ebola virus disease has suggested within-host interactions between Plasmodium falciparum parasites and Ebola virus. (cdc.gov)
- We found a strong positive association, on population and individual levels, between seropositivity for antibodies against Ebola virus and the presence of Plasmodium parasites in the blood. (cdc.gov)
- Together, these results point to a strong potential for biological interactions between Plasmodium parasites and Ebola virus that may influence the severity of EVD. (cdc.gov)
- Knowledge of the extent of possible interactions between infection with Plasmodium parasites and Ebola virus is especially helpful because geographic regions where prevalence of antibodies against Ebola virus (hereafter called Ebola antibodies) is high are also areas of high malaria endemicity ( 11 ), particularly the most severe form of malaria, caused by P. falciparum ( 12 ). (cdc.gov)
- Plasmodium falciparum is one of the two protozoan parasites responsible for most of the world's cases of human malaria (the other being P. vivax ). (eol.org)
- A team of researchers has identified numerous mutations that allow the malaria-causing parasite Plasmodium falciparum to become resistant to treatment. (eurekalert.org)
- performed a genome analysis of 262 Plasmodium falciparum parasites resistant to 37 groups of compounds. (eurekalert.org)
- The Plasmodium vivax is the most widespread malaria parasite worldwide and the predominant cause of the major scourge in the vast majority of countries outside Africa, according to the institute. (xinhuanet.com)
- The researchers, including Cleveland-based David Serre and Peter Zimmerman, Didier Menard (Institut Pasteur-Cambodia) and Arsene Ratsimbasoa (Madagascar National Malaria Control Program) are the first to sequence the genome of the parasite Plasmodium vivax , taken from patients at coverage needed to verify genome-wide DNA sequence variation. (eurekalert.org)
- Learning how Plasmodium vivax lives and causes malaria has been challenging because the parasite dies when removed from its host. (eurekalert.org)
- Plasmodium falciparum malaria parasite densities do not differ between capillary and venous blood in asymptomatic subjects for both gametocyte and trophozoite stages. (biomedcentral.com)
- The nonpathogenicity of the rodent Plasmodium berghei (Pb) parasite in humans prompted us to evaluate its potential as a platform for vaccination against human infection by Plasmodium falciparum (Pf), a causative agent of malaria. (eur.nl)
- In addition, because of the damages posed by intestinal parasites to both pets and people, all dogs and cats should have at least one fecal examination per year to test for intestinal parasites (e.g., roundworms, hookworms, Giardia). (vcahospitals.com)
- In some parts of the country where intestinal parasites are known to be more common, several fecal exams per year are recommended. (vcahospitals.com)
- This presentation reviews common intestinal parasites of cats and dogs, their life cycles and transmission, diagnostic tests that can be done in a shelter setting and practical treatments for animals in shelters. (maddiesfund.org)
- We showed intestinal parasites-especially helminths-to be omnipresent in Inhamudima, Beira. (eur.nl)
- PCR can detect intestinal parasites more accurately but is generally not feasible in resource-poor settings, at least not in peripheral labs. (eur.nl)
- At Oscars 2020, the Korean film, Parasite bagged the Best Picture award, making history as the first non-English film to win this coveted award. (spotboye.com)
- On Golden Globes Awards 2020, Parasite bagged the Best motion picture - Foreign language award, it won Screen Actors Guild Awards (SAG) for Cast in a Motion Picture award while the film also took BAFTA awards home for Film Not in the English Language award. (spotboye.com)
- Korean director Bong Joon Ho's Palme d'Or-winning Parasite has been praised for its deep insight into class warfare, but its set design is equally impressive: The movie finds a poor family conning its way into the affluent Park household, gradually taking over their lives, and an estimated 60 percent of Parasite takes place in the wealthy Park family home. (sinema.sg)
- Bong Joon Ho's Parasite was up for six categories including Best Director, Best International Film, Best Film Editing, Best Original Screenplay, Best Picture, and Best Production Design. (bollywoodhungama.com)
- Director Bong Joon Ho's "Parasite" scripted history at the Oscars by becoming the first South Korean film to be nominated and win in the international feature category at the 92nd Academy Awards. (business-standard.com)
- Bong Joon-ho's directorial venture Parasite turned out to be a winner this year as the film has swept away most of the awards under their name. (spotboye.com)
- Studies of blood parasite infection in nestling birds rarely find a high prevalence of infection. (cambridge.org)
- Prevalence of the parasite Strepsiptera in Polistes as detected by dissection of immatures. (springer.com)
- Temporal trends in anemia and parasite prevalence varied differently. (ajtmh.org)
- We used field sampling, citizen science data and experimental inoculations to quantify infection prevalence and parasite virulence among migratory and sedentary populations. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
- In sum, sedentary populations could support greater parasite prevalence and virulence than their migratory counterparts [ 28 ]. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
- In the knockout round of this year's tournament, eight out of eight winners so far have been the teams whose countries had higher rates of Toxo infection. (slate.com)
- The scientists isolated the parasites genomic information and determined which of the nearly 6,000 P. falciparum genes were switched on or off during infection, revealing distinct groups of parasites with characteristic sets of active and inactive genes. (bio-medicine.org)
- What can be done to reduce or minimize the risk of a heavy parasite infection while sheep and goats graze pastures? (osu.edu)
- In one corner, the parasite Trichomonas vaginalis , which causes a widespread sexually transmitted infection that many people have never heard of. (sciencenews.org)
- In 2016, the parasite was responsible for about 156 million worldwide cases of the sexually transmitted infection called trichomoniasis in men and women. (sciencenews.org)
- Today, scientists are just beginning to get a handle on how the parasite causes trouble - including increasing risk for HIV infection, infertility and preterm delivery - and how the human immune system fights back. (sciencenews.org)
- About one-third or more of women who have an infection will have itch, discomfort or discharge - probably due to the action of the immune cells fighting the parasite, Mercer says. (sciencenews.org)
- The infection can be treated with metronidazole, a parasite-killing antibiotic, but about 5 percent of parasites are resistant to the drug. (sciencenews.org)
- Here we examine rates of blood parasite infection in nestlings from three Columbid species in the UK. (cambridge.org)
- Further work should examine nestlings post-fledging to identify rates of successful parasite infection (as opposed to abortive development within a dead-end host) as well as impacts on host post-fledging survival and behaviour. (cambridge.org)
- Avian blood parasite infection during the non-breeding season: an overlooked issue in declining populations? (cambridge.org)
- In that new place, local mosquitoes bite, become infected, and start spreading the P. vivax parasite and its genome in locations that can be a long distance away from where the original human infection occurred," Zimmerman, a senior author of the new study, said. (eurekalert.org)
- A study of more than 45,000 women in Denmark finds an association between suicide attempts and infection with a common parasite. (npr.org)
- Symptoms of a microsporidium infection vary by parasite and host species. (mentalfloss.com)
- The single-celled parasite Entamoeba histolytica is an amoeba that enters the human gut and produces an infection called amoebiasis. (nih.gov)
- Our findings raise the possibility that other parasites may also radically change their lifestyle by a similar mechanism and hence present new threats of infection" says study leader L. David Sibley, Ph.D., associate professor of molecular microbiology. (innovations-report.com)
- An intestinal infection caused by the cyclospora cayetanensis parasite, seen here on a stool sample through a microscope on a slide. (cnn.com)
- This study demonstrates that PbVac immunization elicits a marked biological effect, inhibiting a subsequent infection by the human Pf parasite, and establishes the clinical validation of a new paradigm in malaria vaccination. (eur.nl)
- A team of researchers from Princeton University and the Drexel University College of Medicine has found that the parasite that causes malaria breaks down an important amino acid in its quest to adapt and thrive within the human body. (princeton.edu)
- The researchers were interested in seeing how the concentrations of metabolites in parasite-infected human red blood cells change over a single 48-hour "generation" of parasite growth. (princeton.edu)
- The parasite-led attack on arginine may be an attempt by the parasite to "switch off" a human immune function that might threaten its survival, the researchers said. (princeton.edu)
- An international team of researchers has uncovered how a molecular parasite responsible for playing a role in antibiotic-resistant disease, such as MRSA, can replicate and spread ability to cause disease, according to a new study published online this week in the Early Edition of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. (vcu.edu)
- Researchers have found a way to help one of Australia's rarest birds 'self-fumigate' or safeguard their nests, to protect their young from deadly parasites. (edu.au)
- The researchers mapped the parasites in the brain by adding a light-producing gene to them. (scienceblogs.com)
- Researchers at UGA provide first look at protein expression in Chagas disease-causing parasites ( Covering ship hulls with artificial sha. (bio-medicine.org)
- Science's image as an objective collection of facts took another hit this week, as researchers report that a common fish parasite may have skewed the results of thousands of behavioral science studies. (mentalfloss.com)
- The researchers noted that fish in the parasite-treated tanks stuck even more closely together than fish in other studies who had been dosed with stress-inducing chemicals. (mentalfloss.com)
- Conducting a sweeping analysis of everything from enzymes to lipids to immune-system-associated molecules, the team - which includes researchers from Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, the University of Tokyo and the University of Sierra Leone - found 11 biomarkers that distinguish fatal infections from nonfatal ones and two that, when screened for early symptom onset, accurately predict which patients are likely to die. (infectioncontroltoday.com)
- By February of 2015, Kawaoka and other select senior researchers on his team, including Amie Eisfeld, set up a lab in a military hospital responding to the outbreak in the capital city of Freetown (the researchers never entered patient wards). (infectioncontroltoday.com)
- A team of whale researchers and volunteers worked for eight hours Wednesday to keep an orca alive after she became beached on rocks at low tide in British Columbia, Canada. (vetstreet.com)
- The researchers wondered if they could exploit this to attack the parasite. (innovations-report.com)
- So the researchers identified regions that were unique to the parasite, and used them to make a short DNA construct. (innovations-report.com)
- An interdisciplinary team of researchers has worked out the details of how. (innovations-report.com)
- The scientists believe that shedding light on this poorly understood aspect of malaria metabolism has given them new insights on the interactions between the parasite and its human hosts. (princeton.edu)
- A team led by scientists at MIT and. (bio-medicine.org)
- A team led by scientists at MIT and Harvard University and supported in part by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, a component of the National Institutes of Health, collected blood samples from 43 P. falciparum-infected malaria patients in Senegal who were suffering from a range of malaria symptoms. (bio-medicine.org)
- The teams, led by NIH's National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences (NCATS) and University of Tokyo scientists, sorted through more than 1 trillion small protein fragments called cyclic peptides to uncover two that could shut down the enzyme. (scienmag.com)
- The team went one step further, adding an amino acid to the peptides to create ring-shaped cyclic peptides, which the scientists hypothesized would have the needed shape and structure to attach to the enzyme surface and disable the enzyme. (scienmag.com)
- As the parasites moved through their hosts, the light leaked out, and the scientists could photograph their journey (see the illustration above). (scienceblogs.com)
- SYDNEY, June 28 (Xinhua) -- Australian scientists on Thursday said they have taken a crucial step toward in developing a new malaria vaccine by using a novel "atomic-scale" blueprint to track how the parasite invades human cells. (xinhuanet.com)
- The scientists, guided by their mapping technique, "was able to tease out the precise details of the parasite-host interaction, identifying its most vulnerable spots," said Tham, adding that they have "now identified the molecular machinery that would be the best target" for an anti-malarial vaccine against the widest range of the parasites. (xinhuanet.com)
- A web-based microscopy tool that could improve diagnosis of parasite-related diseases has been developed by Finnish and Swedish scientists. (scidev.net)
- CLEVELAND - Scientists at Case Western Reserve University and the Cleveland Clinic Lerner Research Institute have discovered that the parasite that causes the most common form of malaria share the same genetic variations - even when the organisms are separated across continents. (eurekalert.org)
- Scientists still aren't sure how the parasite affects a person's brain, he says. (npr.org)
- If so, van Kesteren says, scientists might be able to better understand the way parasites get the upper hand in diseases like schistosomiasis, opening up new avenues in the search for cures. (newscientist.com)
- A team of Michigan State University scientists has genetically sequenced two species of poisonous mushrooms, discovering that they can theoretically produce billions of compounds through one molecular assembly line. (phys.org)
- To observe amoebae in action in a 3-D environment, the scientists incubated the parasites with mouse intestinal tissue. (nih.gov)
- This parasite could now lead to the extinction of this unique species if nothing is done," Ms Alves said. (edu.au)
- This potential for intraspecific variation makes brood parasites ideal model species to investigate the evolution of reproductive behaviour. (bioone.org)
- Larval endoparasite species with low host specificity were the main determinants of the parasite infracommunity structure of the fish assemblage. (degruyter.com)
- Fish assemblage had few species of helminth that were specialist endoparasites, while many were parasites at the larval stage, infecting intermediate and paratenic hosts. (degruyter.com)
- This scrub - with shrubs, bushes and, to some extent, grasslands - is quite a good habitat for a number of vole species which we think are really excellent hosts for the parasite. (bbc.co.uk)
- And most important, if he expected a parasite to change his immune system, he believed, a species adapted to humans, not pigs, was likely to do a better job. (nytimes.com)
- A research team at RIKEN, Japan's flagship research organization, has uncovered the first ever evidence of nuclear gene transfer from host to parasite plant species. (prweb.com)
- The research team set out to determine whether HGT occurs between parasite and host plant species, where implications for evolution would be particularly profound. (prweb.com)
- Using large-scale gene analysis, they combed 17,000 genes of the parasite witchweed Striga hermonthica, a source of devastating damage to sorghum and rice crops in Africa, for traces of transfer from host species. (prweb.com)
- His team studied five species of frogs from 12 different locations in California, Oregon, Arizona, and New York. (bbc.co.uk)
- It appears that this is mechanism is unique to brood parasites and probably represents a somewhat unique evolutionary pathway, as this behavior was not observed in ducks that were experimentally placed in another species nest. (vaildaily.com)
- Many different intestinal parasite species can co-occur in the same population. (eur.nl)
- However, classic diagnostic tools can only frame a particular group of intestinal parasite species. (eur.nl)
- Hence, one or two tests do not suffice to provide a complete picture of infecting parasite species in a given population. (eur.nl)
- Among the microscopic techniques, FEC was able to detect the broadest spectrum of parasite species. (eur.nl)
- PCR outperformed microscopy in terms of sensitivity and range of parasite species detected. (eur.nl)
- Classical techniques such as FEC are useful for the detection of some intestinal helminth species, but they lack sensitivity for other parasite species. (eur.nl)
- It looks like having some Toxoplasma gondii in the collective brains of your home country makes your team a little bit better at soccer, so long as you're already among the top teams in the sport. (slate.com)
- Some recent research on the history of Toxoplasma doesn't fit comfortably with an image of the parasite as always trying to get its hosts into the jaws of cats. (scienceblogs.com)
- While eating infected meat easily spreads Toxoplasma from animal to animal, related parasites have highly restricted life cycles and require that a specific carnivore eat a specific herbivore for transmission to occur. (innovations-report.com)
- Toxoplasma also is unusual in that worldwide there are only three main strains, whereas related parasites typically have many distinct strains. (innovations-report.com)
- The human malaria parasite life cycle involves two hosts, a mosquito and a human. (eol.org)
- They set up an enclosure, set both rats and mice loose in it, and observed a significant difference between infected and parasite-free hosts. (scienceblogs.com)
- They took a closer look at how the parasites manipulate their hosts. (scienceblogs.com)
- The findings suggest a greater role for HGT in the relationship between parasite plants and their hosts, with deep implications for our understanding of plant evolution. (prweb.com)
- Parasite life cycles are complex and thought to develop over long periods with their hosts. (innovations-report.com)
- This study reveals that parasites sometimes adapt rapidly to new hosts, indicating that host-parasite relationships may not always represent stable, long-term associations. (innovations-report.com)
- Sibley and his colleagues now are studying genetic differences between the young and old strains of the parasite to learn more about how the newly derived strains can infect so many hosts. (innovations-report.com)
- The Oscars telecast, which was running long, dimmed the stage lights in a not-so-subtle attempt to play off the "Parasite" team. (latimes.com)
- Just months earlier, the film "Parasite", which also featured the actor in smaller role, made Oscars history with four awards. (bollywoodhungama.com)
- Want more of Bong Joon Ho after 'Parasite' Oscars sweep? (goldderby.com)
- OMG Oscars explained: Why did Brad Pitt and 'Parasite' win? (goldderby.com)
- Parasite ID is a tool designed to facilitate the diagnosis of parasitic diseases using low-cost cell phone microscopy and automated image analysis. (berkeley.edu)
- SNAILS that lose their taste for sex when infested by parasites could help in the search for drugs to combat parasitic diseases such as malaria, with the discovery that parasites can switch on host genes to enhance their own prospects of survival. (newscientist.com)
- A brood parasite is a bird that does not build its own nest. (vaildaily.com)
- A recent study found that cowbirds, compared to another common brood parasite, the cuckoo bird, often allow their nest mates to survive so that their combined calls will convince the mother bird to bring more food. (vaildaily.com)
- For sheep producers with flocks on pasture, controlling internal parasites can be expensive and time-consuming, but the cost of not controlling the parasites can be even greater, in reduced performance and death losses. (osu.edu)
- The lambs born in the fall do not spend much time on pasture, so they don't have as much of a challenge from parasites. (osu.edu)
- So humans are probably just "collateral damage" from the parasites' effort to infect smaller animals, says Robert Yolken , an infectious disease expert at Johns Hopkins University. (npr.org)
- Research at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis reveals that a unique combination of genes inherited less than 10,000 years ago allows the parasite responsible for toxoplasmosis to infect virtually all warm-blooded animals. (innovations-report.com)
- To answer this question, the livestock owner must have an understanding of the biology of the parasite and some understanding of the immune response of the animals that are grazing. (osu.edu)
- The parasite is killing nine out of every 10 chicks in some areas according to PhD researcher Ms Fernanda Alves, from the Research School of Biology at The Australian National University (ANU). (edu.au)
- We were collaborating with several groups, including a French group, specifically to identify those rodents that might act as a reservoir for this nasty parasite," explained Phil Craig, a professor of biology at the University of Salford. (bbc.co.uk)
- This is a critical step to understand the biology of this parasite that cannot be studied in the laboratory yet affects millions of people each year. (eurekalert.org)
- However, if you are grazing sheep and goats this is the time of year that needs careful consideration in regards to internal parasites, in particular Haemonchus contortus , the barber pole worm. (osu.edu)
- uses data to increase his sheep flock's resistance to internal parasites. (osu.edu)
- Internal parasites such as worms are also capable of causing severe illness in pets. (vcahospitals.com)
- We focused on North American monarch butterflies and a specialist protozoan parasite to investigate how the loss of migratory behaviours affects pathogen spread and evolution. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
- Cryptosporidiosis (crypto) is a nasty GI disease caused by a protozoan parasite present in unclean drinking water. (medgadget.com)
- Previous work, by this team with additional collaborators, has focused on one aspect of this interference - the ability of the SaPIs to change the size of the capsid, or head, of the helper phage so that the smaller SaPI genome can be packaged but a complete helper phage genome cannot. (vcu.edu)
- How can parasites, transmitted by mosquitoes, share genome-wide variations on three continents? (eurekalert.org)
- Our work provides the first report on genome-wide variation of this malaria parasite and provides the malaria research community with more than 80,000 genetic markers that can now be used for trait mapping or population monitoring," Serre said. (eurekalert.org)
- Feng's team have now shown the Cas12k protein and the Tn-7 transposes can be used to insert pieces of DNA several thousand letters long into specific sites in the genome of the E. coli bacterium. (newscientist.com)
- Research teams from the National Institutes of Health and abroad have identified the first inhibitor of an enzyme long thought to be a potential drug target for fighting disease-causing parasites and bacteria. (scienmag.com)
- The target enzyme, cofactor-independent phosphoglycerate mutase (iPGM), is found in both parasites and bacteria. (scienmag.com)
- Here's how to protect yourself from bacteria, parasites Before you jump into the water to cool off this summer, consider that microorganisms are swimming along with you. (freep.com)
- Because an out-of-control immune response against native bacteria was thought to drive inflammatory bowel disease, Weinstock's insight was that parasites' ability to disarm the immune system might prevent the disorder. (nytimes.com)
- In a comprehensive and complex molecular study of blood samples from Ebola patients in Sierra Leone, published Nov. 16, 2017 in Cell Host and Microbe, a scientific team led by the University of Wisconsin-Madison has identified signatures of Ebola virus disease that may aid in future treatment efforts. (infectioncontroltoday.com)
- Dr. Lucio-Forster has authored several manuscripts on parasite detection, and is currently working alongside Dr. Bowman, on parasitology chapters for the new edition of Infectious Disease Management in Animal Shelters. (maddiesfund.org)
- However, parasites are known to sequester in the microvasculature and this phenomenon may alter accurate detection of parasites in blood films. (biomedcentral.com)
- By putting machine learning-enabled microscopes in the hands of laboratory technicians, we can overcome two major barriers to combating the mutating parasite-improving diagnosis in case management and standardizing detection across geographies and time. (medgadget.com)
- Diagnostic accuracy of five classical microscopy techniques and real-time PCR for the detection of a broad spectrum of parasites was compared. (eur.nl)
- Worldwide, hundreds of thousands of people die from malaria each year, and the recent evolution of drug-resistant strains of the parasite in Southeast Asia is now intensifying the need for novel treatment options. (eurekalert.org)
- Plant biologists at the University of California, Davis, have now shown that they can make plants resistant to dodder by attacking the junctions where the parasite taps into the host. (innovations-report.com)
- Around 6-8 months of age, lamb and kid immune response to parasite infections begins to develop, but there is a nutritional cost to this development. (osu.edu)
- Other parasites will feed on tissue that the screwworm kills, and, left untreated, the infections can cause the host to die. (ncsu.edu)
- The parasite's "propensity to 'hide' undetected by the immune system in a person's liver" also makes it "the number one parasite responsible for recurrent malaria infections. (xinhuanet.com)
- Campbell and Omura shared one half of the prize for "their discoveries concerning a novel therapy against infections caused by roundworm parasites", while Tu won the other half "for discoveries concerning a novel therapy against malaria," the Nobel Assembly at Sweden's Karolinska Institute said. (thedailystar.net)
- These findings suggest that the state of the parasite may correlate wi. (bio-medicine.org)
- These findings suggest that the state of the parasite may correlate with a malaria patients symptoms, which can range from mild, flu-like illness to coma and even death. (bio-medicine.org)
- The findings don't prove the parasite is the cause, but they add more evidence to a hypothesis that's been gaining momentum. (npr.org)
- The OSU team stands by their methods and findings, but will continue to study the issue. (mentalfloss.com)
- The findings demonstrate that changes in the infectiousness of parasites can occur not just through new mutations but also through a reshuffling of existing genes. (innovations-report.com)
- Virulence differed among parasite strains but was similar between migratory and sedentary populations, potentially owing to high gene flow or insufficient time for evolutionary divergence. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
- Research has shown that the three strains are highly similar genetically and arose from a single mating event between two parent parasites. (innovations-report.com)
- Host-parasite interaction involves the use of microRNAs as messengers of doom. (eurekalert.org)
- The DIPO team is conducting a large number of projects financed by the Agence National de la Recherche (ANR) and the European Union on many aspects of plankton icluding, picoplankton, large-sized plankton such as the radiolarians and the interaction of plankton with parasites and viruses. (sb-roscoff.fr)
- This would boost the numbers of aquatic snails which play host to trematodes at an earlier stage in parasites' development. (bbc.co.uk)
- This makes the snails grow more quickly, allowing the parasites to thrive. (newscientist.com)
- Jong-Brink put the snails into a parasite-filled bath. (newscientist.com)
- Kill those Nasty Parasites! (dinnerandamurder.com)
- Now I am going to provide you with links to some free tools & software to get rid of these nasty parasites and help keep your computer running smoothly. (dinnerandamurder.com)
- This nasty disease comes from a bug called a triatomine that's infected with the Trypanosoma cruzi parasite. (cnn.com)
- Your precious pooch and sweet kitty can carry a nasty parasite. (cnn.com)
- Animals with better genetic resistance shed fewer parasite eggs in their manure after they're challenged with parasites, he explains. (osu.edu)
- was able to detect parasite eggs in stool samples with nearly 70% accuracy (the normal microscope gets it right 87% of the time), and was able to detect some worms with up to 80% accuracy. (fastcompany.com)
- Now, if a dog eats a rodent infected with this particular parasite, then the dog can become infected and has the worm in its gut and can pass out infected eggs. (bbc.co.uk)
- In obligate avian brood parasites, the lack of constraints derived from offspring care allows for great plasticity of the mating system in response to changes in socio-ecological conditions. (bioone.org)
- In case you haven't guessed, the baby bird is a brown-headed cowbird, one of the most successful brood parasites in the avian world. (vaildaily.com)
- Toxo is one of the most successful parasites in the world and is found in almost every type of mammal. (slate.com)
- In this new study, the team found a second novel mechanism, which is the specific inhibition of packaging the helper phage DNA into the viral particles. (vcu.edu)
- The research team, which is part of the Australian Government's National Environmental Science Program, has found a clever way to help the birds to fumigate their own nests. (edu.au)
- Nearly halfway through the Call of Duty: WWII season, a former world champion has found a new team in preparation for the second half. (dotesports.com)
- The parasite, a tiny fly, has been found in bees from three-quarters of the 31 surveyed hives in the Bay Area - essentially, everywhere except Santa Clara and San Mateo counties. (mercurynews.com)
- For comparison, they sequenced P. vivax from a monkey that had been infected with a human strain of the parasite found in South America. (eurekalert.org)
- A study of more than 45,000 Danish women found that those infected with this feline parasite were 1.5 times more likely to attempt suicide than women who weren't infected. (npr.org)
- The team found that survivors had higher levels of some immune-related molecules, and lower levels of others compared to those who died. (infectioncontroltoday.com)
- We found a high frequency of deformities even [under conditions with] low parasite density. (bbc.co.uk)
- The team found that microRNAs have a more powerful function than previously believed. (eurekalert.org)
- Do the venous blood samples replicate malaria parasite densities found in capillary blood? (biomedcentral.com)
- If further research confirms such direct relationships, this could open the door to the development of new malaria treatments that ameliorate disease symptoms by targeting the parasites behavior. (bio-medicine.org)
- They proposed that the shift in behavior was an adaptation of the parasite for getting into its final host-cats. (scienceblogs.com)
- Their studies of P. neurophilia suggested to them that the parasite could be quietly changing zebrafish behavior. (mentalfloss.com)
- LA is also 'host' (see what I did there 'progressive parasites? (theospark.net)
- The studied amber feather with the grasping tick is similar in structure to modern-day bird feathers, and it offers the first direct evidence of an early parasite-host relationship between ticks and feathered dinosaurs. (eurekalert.org)
- Using phylogenetic analysis, the team traced ShContig9483's origins to sorghum genes, strongly suggesting recent horizontal transfer from host to parasite, possibly as mRNA or cDNA. (prweb.com)
- Parasite - by Bong Joon Ho of The Host (sea monster) and Memories of Murder (human monster) fame, a Golden Globe winner about class warfare and inequality. (avsforum.com)
- Imagine a battle between host and parasite. (eurekalert.org)
- To learn more, a team led by Drs. Katherine S. Ralston and William A. Petri, Jr., of the University of Virginia used advanced microscopy to watch as live parasites and host cells interacted with each other. (nih.gov)
- And in return, host mothers have developed quite a range of strategies and behaviors to combat the brood parasites. (vaildaily.com)
- To use RNA interference against dodder, the team looked for genes that could affect the parasite but not the host. (innovations-report.com)
- These genes are active in both the host plant meristem (an area of active growth in roots and shoots) and in the haustoria, the junctions where the parasite penetrates the host, Sinha said. (innovations-report.com)
- In general, adult ewes and does have a strong immune response to parasites and can tolerate ingestion of some fairly heavy doses of the infective L3 larvae stage. (osu.edu)
- The broader implication was that the disappearance of parasites - largely eradicated from American life in the early 20th century through improvements in sanitation - might have left our immune systems unbalanced, increasing our vulnerability to all types of inflammatory disorders. (nytimes.com)
- The most common parasites that afflict pets are fleas and ticks. (vcahospitals.com)
- Fossilised ticks discovered trapped and preserved in amber show that these parasites sucked the blood of feathered dinosaurs almost 100 million years ago, according to a new article published in Nature Communications today. (eurekalert.org)
- Additionally, if the parasite is propelled across the floor, it will leave a trail of blood. (teamfortress.com)
- To decide when to pull samples and then deworm, Anderson uses the Faffa Malan Chart (FAMACHA) scoring method to estimate the blood loss from parasites by examining mucus membranes in the lambs' eyelids. (osu.edu)
- A wellness exam is an overall general health assessment that may include blood tests, urinalysis, and parasite screening. (vcahospitals.com)
- This presentation reviews common blood-borne parasites of cats and dogs that may be of importance in a shelter setting, including an overview of their life cycles and transmission, diagnostic tests that can be done in a shelter setting and treatments, if applicable, that are practical for animals in shelters. (maddiesfund.org)
- This is likely due to a combination of short nestling periods (limiting the age at which nestlings can be sampled) and long parasite prepatent periods before gametocytes can be detected in peripheral blood. (cambridge.org)
- Serre and Ernest R. Chan, a postdoctoral research fellow at the Genomic Medicine Institute, sequenced the genomes of parasites in blood samples taken from two P. vivax malaria patients in Madagascar and three in Cambodia, after first removing the white blood cells. (eurekalert.org)
- For comparison, the research team also obtained blood samples from 10 healthy volunteers with no exposure to Ebola virus. (infectioncontroltoday.com)
- In one of these mechanisms, similar to blood clotting after a cut, the plants produce a protein that clots the flow of nutrients to the site of the parasite. (eurekalert.org)
- Parasite densities were determined microscopically from capillary and venous blood for 137 naturally-infected gametocyte carriers. (biomedcentral.com)
- Parasite" also won the Oscar for original screenplay (Bong and Han Jin Won), directing (Bong) and international feature. (latimes.com)
- In a first for South Korea, master-director Bong Joon Ho earned the Academy Award for best original screenplay for his genre-defying "Parasite", while filmmaker Taika Waititi bagged the Oscar in the adapted screenplay category. (business-standard.com)
- Which foreign language film could be the next 'Parasite' in the 2021 Oscar race? (goldderby.com)
- While researching victims of intestinal worms in Tanzania, Canadian infectious disease specialist Isaac Bogoch didn't always have access to a microscope to search for signs of hookworms and other parasites in stool samples. (fastcompany.com)
- In 2367, La Forge and members of his search team were mysteriously drawn back to the planet and underwent a strange metamorphosis, turning into invisible amphibious beings that are native to the planet. (wikipedia.org)
- Results indicate that RCD, fDA and active fever screening followed by RCD, even with search radii over several hundered meters will only yield limited coverage of the RDT positive parasite reservoir during a short period. (biomedcentral.com)
- The samples were transported to the lab where Kawaoka's experienced and expertly trained team inactivated the virus according to approved protocols. (infectioncontroltoday.com)
- Our team studied thousands of molecular clues in each of these samples, sifting through extensive data on the activity of genes, proteins and other molecules to identify those of most interest," says Katrina Waters, a biologist at PNNL and a corresponding author of the study. (infectioncontroltoday.com)
- While current tests might catch the disease in samples with thousands of the pathogens, the Rice technique detects the presence of very few - even one - parasite in a sample. (medgadget.com)