Intestinal Diseases, Parasitic
Parasitic Diseases, Animal
Strongyle Infections, Equine
CD4 Lymphocyte Count
Life Cycle Stages
Strongyle infections in ponies. I. Response to intermittent thiabendazole treatments. (1/925)A group of seven ponies naturally infected with large numbers of small strongyles and raised under conditions to minimize reinfection were treated periodically over a three year span with thiabendazole at the rate of 44 mg/kg body weight. Based on the absence of worm eggs in the feces following each treatment, thiabendazole removed the adult strongyles present with a new population subsequently developing by maturation of inhibited larvae. It took as many as four or five treatments to eliminate or reduce significantly the worm burdens present in the ponies under the conditions of this study. Strongyle eggs started to reappear in the feces about six weeks after treatment and following the first treatment the mean egg counts rose to the pretreatment level. On successive treatments the interval for worm eggs to appear in the feces lengthened and mean egg counts never rose quite as high as immediate pretreatment levels. Hematological changes were not marked, although a small steady increase in the mean hemoglobin values and an equivalent small decrease in the mean eosinophil counts occurred in all ponies following each successive treatment. The study supports the rationale of regular anthelmintic treatment of horses in that even in the absence of reinfection, new burdens of adult worms develop following treatment. (+info)
Strongyle infections in ponies. II. Reinfection of treated animals. (2/925)Five of seven ponies whose strongyle worm burdens had previously been removed or markedly reduced by repeated thiabendazole treatments were reinfected with doses ranging from 100,000 to 500,000 small strongyle infective larvae. Reinfection of ponies resulted in the development of clinical signs characterized by abnormal feces, marked loss of weight and delayed shedding of winter hair coats. An abrupt increase in circulating eosinophils occurred during the first three weeks following reinfection. Patent infections developed in all ponies with worm eggs appearing in the feces from 12 to 15 weeks after receiving infective larvae. Worm egg outputs followed a cyclic pattern with approximately four to five peaks in egg output per year. There was an abrupt drop in the high worm egg counts in two untreated ponies approximately two and a half years after reinfection. No worms were recovered in the feces of these animals when they were subsequently treated, suggesting that a depletion in the number of inhibited larvae present in these ponies might have occurred. (+info)
Congenital transmission of Schistosoma japonicum in pigs. (3/925)Congenital transmission of Schistosoma japonicum in pigs was investigated by experimentally infecting sows at four weeks gestation (n = 3), 10 weeks gestation (n = 3), or a few weeks prior to insemination (n = 2). None of the piglets born to sows infected prior to insemination or in early pregnancy were found to be infected. However, all of the piglets (n = 26) born to sows infected at 10 weeks gestation were found to harbor schistosomes with S. japonicum eggs recovered from both their feces and livers. The findings show that congenital S. japonicum infection of pigs can occur if sows are infected during mid-to-late pregnancy and may have important implications not only for pigs but also for other mammalian hosts of schistosomes, including humans. (+info)
Enterotoxin-producing bacteria and parasites in stools of Ethiopian children with diarrhoeal disease. (4/925)Enterotoxinogenic bacteria were isolated from 131 (37%) of 354 Ethiopian infants and children with acute gastrointestinal symptoms. Only one of these isolates belonged to the classical enteropathogenic serotypes of Esch. coli. Two colonies from each patient were isolated and tested for production of enterotoxin by the rabbit ileal loop test, the rabbit skin test, and an adrenal cell assay. However, only 38% of the isolated enterotoxinogenic strains were Esch. coli; the others belonged to Klebsiella, Enterobacter, Proteus, Citrobacter, Serratia, and Aeromonas. In 18 patients both isolates were toxinogenic and belonged to different species. The incidence of intestinal parasites was 35% with no apparent correlation to the occurrence of toxinogenic bacteria in the stools. (+info)
Effects of in vitro culture methods on morphological development and infectivity of Strongyloides venezuelensis filariform larvae. (5/925)The effects of in vitro culture methods on morphological development and infectivity of Strongyloides venezuelensis filariform larvae (L3) to rats were investigated. A significantly higher body length was observed in L3 from filter paper culture (597.3 +/- 32.2 microns) than those in fecal (509.9 +/- 35.0 microns) and nutrient broth culture (503.3 +/- 31.0 microns) (P < 0.05). Larval infectivity was assessed by exposing rats to 1,000 L3 from each culture and worms were recovered from the lungs and small intestines. Recovery rate of these worms did not show any significant difference. A significantly greater body length of adults was recorded in those corresponding to the L3 harvested from filter paper (2,777.5 +/- 204.4 microns) and nutrient broth culture (2,732.5 +/- 169.8 microns) than those corresponding to the L3 obtained from fecal culture (2,600.5 +/- 172.4 microns) (P < 0.05). Although worm fecundity and EPG counts differed among culture methods but worm burdens and course of infection did not. These findings suggest that the methods of cultures have a significant effect on the morphological development of the larvae to the L3 stage, but do not influence the infectivity to rats. (+info)
Survey of Fascioloides magna in farmed wapiti in Alberta. (6/925)The formalin-ethyl acetate sedimentation procedure was used to detect ova of the giant liver fluke, Fascioloides magna, in feces of farmed wapiti in Alberta. Twenty (3.2%) of the 629 fecal samples examined contained ova of F. magna. Thirteen (33.3%) of the 39 farms surveyed had wapiti positive for F. magna. The presence of F. magna in farmed wapiti north of the North Saskatchewan River is confirmed, and 3 areas where the infection has become endemic are identified. (+info)
Independent evaluation of the Nigrosin-Eosin modification of the Kato-Katz technique. (7/925)A new modified quantitative Kato-Katz thick-smear technique for the detection of helminth eggs in faeces preserves hookworm eggs unaltered for a long time, while with the classic Kato-Katz technique, they disappear after approximately 2 h in tropical climates and thus slides must be read within hours after sample collection. For an independent comparison of these two laboratory techniques, faecal smears from 263 school children were examined in two surveys and prevalence, intensity of infection and costs of surveys calculated. There was no statistical difference between the methods in detecting prevalence and stratification of the sample in different classes of intensity. While there was no statistical difference for the arithmetic mean of the epg for T. trichiura and only a small difference for A. lumbricoides (P=0.04), we observed a highly significant difference for hookworm mean intensities of infections (P<0.001). From the public health viewpoint both methods provided similar results, but due to its simplicity and widespread use the classical Kato-Katz technique remains first choice for community investigation of soil-transmitted nematodes. However, the Nigrosin-Eosin approach has several advantages and can be a valuable alternative in certain circumstances. (+info)
Effect of anthelmintic treatment on sexual maturation in prepubertal beef heifers. (8/925)Heifers treated with ivermectin at weaning have been reported to reach puberty at a younger age and lighter weight than untreated heifers. We tested the hypothesis that heifers administered ivermectin would respond with earlier follicular development and a greater LH response to a 1-mg estradiol-17beta challenge (E2C) than untreated heifers. Fall-born Angus heifers (n = 32) were randomly assigned on 284 +/- 9 d of age (215.5 +/- 20.8 kg) to receive ivermectin (IVR) or albendazole (ALB), IVR + ALB, or to remain as untreated controls (CONT). Each group (n = 8) was housed separately in adjacent pens throughout the trial and managed to gain .8 kg/heifer on a ration containing 13.2% CP, 58.8% TDN, and 49.9% DM. The CONT heifers received an additional 2.27 kg/heifer of corn silage and 1.59 kg/heifer of corn daily to maintain ADG at comparable levels. Individual body weight was recorded weekly, and nematode eggs per gram (EPG) of feces were measured every 21 d. Ultrasonography was performed on alternate days starting 2 wk prior to E2C to characterize follicular wave patterns. Follicles were separated into classes (C1 [3 to 5 mm], C2 [6 to 9 mm], and C3 [10 mm]) and sizes (largest [LF], second [SLF], third [TLF], and fourth largest follicles [FLF]). The sizes of the regressing dominant follicle 1 (DF1) and the progressing dominant follicle 2 (DF2) were also determined. Serum concentrations of LH were determined from hourly jugular blood samples collected 8 to 24 h after injection of E2C. The IVR + ALB treatment group had more C3 follicles than ALB and CONT (P < .07). The IVR-treated heifers had larger TLF than ALB and CONT (P < .04). The IVR- and IVR + ALB-treated heifers had larger FLF and DF2 than ALB and CONT (P < .1). Least squares means for DF2 were 9.5 +/- .5, 8.0 +/- .4, 9.5 +/- .3 and 8.3 +/- .3 mm, for IVR, ALB, IVR + ALB and CONT, respectively (P = .02 for treatment effect). The E2C-induced serum LH concentration did not differ with respect to treatment. We conclude that heifers administered IVR display increased follicular development, supporting our earlier investigations regarding reduced age at puberty in heifers treated with IVR near weaning. (+info)
Nematode infections, also known as helminth infections, are caused by parasitic roundworms called nematodes. These worms can infect various parts of the body, including the skin, lungs, intestines, and brain. The most common nematode infections include: 1. Ascariasis: caused by the roundworm Ascaris lumbricoides, which infects the small intestine. 2. Trichinosis: caused by the roundworm Trichinella spiralis, which infects the muscles. 3. Hookworm infection: caused by the roundworms Necator americanus and Ancylostoma duodenale, which infect the small intestine. 4. Strongyloidiasis: caused by the roundworm Strongyloides stercoralis, which infects the skin and lungs. 5. Filariasis: caused by the roundworms Wuchereria bancrofti, Brugia malayi, and Brugia timori, which infect the lymphatic system. Nematode infections can cause a range of symptoms, depending on the location and severity of the infection. Symptoms may include abdominal pain, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, coughing, fever, and skin rash. In severe cases, nematode infections can lead to complications such as anemia, malnutrition, and organ damage. Treatment typically involves the use of antiparasitic medications to kill the worms or prevent their reproduction.
Schistosomiasis mansoni is a parasitic infection caused by the blood fluke Schistosoma mansoni. It is one of the most common forms of schistosomiasis, which is a group of parasitic infections that affect the urinary and digestive systems. The infection occurs when a person comes into contact with freshwater contaminated with the larvae of the parasite. The larvae penetrate the skin and migrate through the bloodstream to the lungs, where they mature into adult worms. The adult worms then migrate to the liver and colonize there, where they lay eggs that are excreted in the feces. The eggs can then be released into the water and infect other people who come into contact with the contaminated water. The infection can cause a range of symptoms, including abdominal pain, diarrhea, blood in the stool or urine, and liver damage. In severe cases, it can lead to complications such as liver fibrosis, portal hypertension, and bladder cancer. Schistosomiasis mansoni is most common in tropical and subtropical regions of the world, particularly in Africa, South America, and the Middle East. It is preventable through measures such as avoiding contact with contaminated water and treating infected individuals with medication.
Schistosomiasis is a parasitic infection caused by a group of flatworms called schistosomes. The infection is transmitted through contact with freshwater contaminated with the larvae of the parasite. The most common species of schistosomes that cause human infection are Schistosoma mansoni, Schistosoma haematobium, and Schistosoma japonicum. The infection can cause a range of symptoms, including abdominal pain, diarrhea, blood in the stool or urine, fever, and fatigue. In severe cases, schistosomiasis can lead to long-term health problems such as liver damage, kidney damage, bladder cancer, and infertility. Schistosomiasis is most prevalent in tropical and subtropical regions of the world, particularly in Africa, Asia, and South America. It is estimated that over 200 million people worldwide are infected with schistosomiasis, and an additional 700 million people are at risk of infection. Treatment for schistosomiasis typically involves the use of antiparasitic drugs, such as praziquantel, to kill the parasites. Prevention measures include avoiding contact with contaminated water, wearing protective clothing, and treating infected animals to reduce the number of parasites in the environment.
Intestinal diseases caused by parasites are a group of conditions that affect the digestive system and are caused by the presence of parasites in the intestines. These parasites can be protozoa, helminths, or other microorganisms that live in the digestive tract and cause damage to the lining of the intestine, leading to symptoms such as abdominal pain, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, and weight loss. Some common examples of parasitic intestinal diseases include: 1. Ascariasis: caused by the roundworm Ascaris lumbricoides, which can cause abdominal pain, diarrhea, and coughing up worms. 2. Giardiasis: caused by the protozoan Giardia lamblia, which can cause diarrhea, abdominal cramps, and bloating. 3. Hookworm infection: caused by the hookworms Necator americanus and Ancylostoma duodenale, which can cause anemia, abdominal pain, and weight loss. 4. Trichomoniasis: caused by the protozoan Trichomonas vaginalis, which can cause diarrhea, abdominal pain, and nausea. 5. Schistosomiasis: caused by parasitic flatworms called schistosomes, which can cause abdominal pain, diarrhea, and blood in the stool. Treatment for parasitic intestinal diseases typically involves the use of antiparasitic medications, although in some cases, surgery may be necessary. Prevention measures include practicing good hygiene, avoiding contaminated food and water, and using insect repellent to prevent mosquito bites.
Haemonchiasis is a parasitic infection caused by the nematode worm Haemonchus contortus, commonly known as the large roundworm. It is a highly contagious and economically important disease of sheep, goats, and other ruminants, particularly in tropical and subtropical regions. The adult worms live in the abomasum (the fourth stomach) of the infected animal and feed on blood, causing anemia, weight loss, and reduced milk production. The worms also release eggs that can be ingested by other animals, leading to the spread of the infection. Haemonchiasis can be diagnosed through clinical signs such as anemia, weakness, and loss of appetite, as well as through fecal egg counts and blood tests. Treatment typically involves the use of anthelmintic drugs to kill the worms, although prevention through regular deworming and good management practices is the most effective way to control the disease.
A granuloma is a type of inflammatory response in which immune cells, such as macrophages and lymphocytes, aggregate to form a mass of tissue. Granulomas are typically characterized by the presence of giant cells, which are formed by the fusion of multiple macrophages. Granulomas can be caused by a variety of factors, including infections, foreign substances, and autoimmune diseases. They are often associated with chronic inflammatory conditions, such as tuberculosis, sarcoidosis, and leprosy. In the medical field, granulomas are often studied as a way to diagnose and treat various diseases. For example, the presence of granulomas in the lungs can be a sign of tuberculosis, while the presence of granulomas in the skin can be a sign of sarcoidosis. Treatment for granulomas depends on the underlying cause and may include medications, surgery, or other therapies.
Trichostrongyloidiasis is a type of parasitic infection caused by the nematode worm Trichostrongylus trichiura. It is also known as whipworm infection or threadworm infection. The infection is common in tropical and subtropical regions, particularly in areas with poor sanitation and hygiene. The adult worms live in the colon and rectum of the host, where they attach themselves to the walls of the intestine. They feed on the host's blood and mucus, causing irritation and inflammation of the intestinal lining. The eggs produced by the worms are passed in the feces, where they can contaminate soil and water, leading to further infections. The symptoms of trichostrongyloidiasis can include abdominal pain, diarrhea, rectal itching, and rectal bleeding. In severe cases, the infection can lead to anemia, malnutrition, and other complications. Treatment for trichostrongyloidiasis typically involves the use of anthelmintic drugs, which are medications that kill or expel the worms from the body. Prevention measures include improving sanitation and hygiene, avoiding contact with contaminated soil and water, and providing safe drinking water.
Helminthiasis, Animal refers to a group of parasitic infections caused by various types of worms (helminths) that affect animals, including livestock, companion animals, and wildlife. These infections can cause a range of clinical signs and symptoms, depending on the type and severity of the infection, as well as the species of the host animal. Some common examples of helminth infections in animals include roundworms (ascariasis), tapeworms (taeniasis), and flukes (schistosomiasis). These infections can be transmitted through various routes, such as ingestion of contaminated food or water, contact with infected animals or their feces, or through vectors such as flies or ticks. Helminthiasis in animals can have significant economic and public health impacts, particularly in the agricultural and veterinary sectors. In addition to causing morbidity and mortality in affected animals, these infections can also pose a risk to human health if they are transmitted to humans through contact with infected animals or their products. Therefore, effective prevention and control measures are essential to minimize the impact of helminthiasis in animals.
Hookworm infections are a type of parasitic infection caused by the larvae of hookworms, which are microscopic roundworms that live in the intestines of humans and other animals. There are two main species of hookworms that can infect humans: Necator americanus and Ancylostoma duodenale. Hookworms are transmitted through skin contact with contaminated soil, typically in areas where the soil is contaminated with human feces. Once the larvae penetrate the skin, they migrate to the lungs and are then coughed up and swallowed, where they mature into adult worms in the small intestine. Hookworm infections can cause a range of symptoms, including abdominal pain, diarrhea, fatigue, anemia, and weight loss. In severe cases, hookworm infections can lead to malnutrition, developmental delays in children, and even death. Treatment for hookworm infections typically involves the use of antihelminthic drugs, which are medications that kill the worms. Prevention measures include avoiding contact with contaminated soil, wearing protective footwear, and practicing good hygiene, such as washing hands regularly.
In the medical field, "Sheep Diseases" refers to a group of illnesses and infections that affect sheep, which are domesticated ruminant mammals. These diseases can be caused by various agents, including bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites. Some common sheep diseases include: 1. Scrapie: a fatal neurodegenerative disease caused by a prion protein. 2. Bluetongue: a viral disease that affects the mouth and tongue of sheep and other ruminants. 3. Foot-and-mouth disease: a highly contagious viral disease that affects the mouth, feet, and udder of sheep and other cloven-hoofed animals. 4. Pneumonia: a respiratory disease caused by bacteria or viruses that can be fatal in severe cases. 5. Eimeriosis: a parasitic disease caused by coccidia that affects the digestive system of sheep. 6. Johne's disease: a chronic bacterial infection that affects the digestive system of sheep and other ruminants. 7. Coccidiosis: a parasitic disease caused by coccidia that affects the digestive system of sheep. 8. Anthrax: a bacterial disease that can affect the skin, respiratory system, and digestive system of sheep. 9. Leptospirosis: a bacterial disease that can affect the kidneys and liver of sheep. 10. Brucellosis: a bacterial disease that can affect the reproductive system of sheep and other ruminants. Prevention and control of sheep diseases are essential to maintain the health and productivity of sheep populations. This can be achieved through vaccination, proper nutrition, hygiene, and management practices.
Parasitic diseases in animals refer to infections caused by parasites, which are organisms that live on or inside a host organism and obtain nutrients at the host's expense. These parasites can be protozoa, helminths (worms), or arthropods such as ticks and fleas. Parasitic diseases in animals can have a significant impact on animal health and welfare, as well as on human health if the parasites are zoonotic (able to be transmitted from animals to humans). Examples of parasitic diseases in animals include: - Toxoplasmosis, caused by the protozoan Toxoplasma gondii, which can infect a wide range of animals including cats, dogs, livestock, and wildlife. - Roundworm infections, caused by various species of helminths such as Toxocara canis and Toxascaris leonina, which can infect dogs and cats and can be transmitted to humans. - Tapeworm infections, caused by various species of tapeworms such as Dipylidium caninum and Taenia solium, which can infect dogs, cats, and humans. - Flea-borne diseases, such as plague and typhus, which are caused by bacteria transmitted by fleas that feed on infected animals. Treatment of parasitic diseases in animals typically involves the use of antiparasitic drugs, although in some cases, prevention through vaccination or other measures may be more effective. It is important for veterinarians and animal owners to be aware of the risks of parasitic diseases in animals and to take appropriate measures to prevent and control them.
Ostertagiasis is a parasitic infection caused by the nematode Ostertagia ostertagi, which affects cattle and sheep. The parasite infects the abomasum, or fourth stomach, of the animal, causing damage to the lining of the stomach and reducing the animal's ability to digest food. Symptoms of ostertagiasis include weight loss, diarrhea, and reduced milk production in dairy cattle. The infection can be treated with anthelmintic drugs, but prevention is the best approach, through regular deworming of animals and proper management of pastures.
Schistosomiasis haematobia, also known as "cutaneous schistosomiasis" or "snail fever," is a parasitic infection caused by the blood fluke Schistosoma haematobium. The infection occurs when the parasite's eggs are released in the urine and hatch into larvae, which then penetrate the skin of the host. The larvae migrate through the bloodstream and lymphatic system, causing inflammation and damage to organs and tissues. The most common symptoms of schistosomiasis haematobia include fever, chills, headache, muscle aches, and fatigue. In severe cases, the infection can lead to anemia, kidney damage, and bladder cancer. The disease is most prevalent in sub-Saharan Africa, but it can also occur in other parts of the world, including the Middle East, South Asia, and South America. Treatment for schistosomiasis haematobia typically involves the use of antiparasitic drugs, such as praziquantel, to kill the parasites and their eggs. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to remove damaged organs or tissues. Prevention measures include avoiding contact with contaminated water sources and wearing protective clothing when swimming or bathing in potentially infected areas.
Trichuriasis is a parasitic infection caused by the whipworm Trichuris trichiura. It is also known as whipworm disease or threadworm infection. The parasite is transmitted through contaminated soil or food, and it infects the human colon and rectum. The symptoms of trichuriasis can vary depending on the severity of the infection. Common symptoms include abdominal pain, diarrhea, rectal bleeding, and anemia. In severe cases, the infection can lead to malnutrition, growth retardation, and other complications. The diagnosis of trichuriasis is typically made through a stool examination, which can detect the presence of the whipworm eggs. Treatment usually involves the administration of anthelmintic drugs, such as mebendazole or albendazole, which can kill the parasites. Prevention measures include improved sanitation and hygiene practices, such as handwashing and avoiding contact with contaminated soil or food.
Trichostrongylosis is a type of parasitic infection caused by a group of nematode worms called Trichostrongylus species. These worms are commonly found in the small intestines of herbivorous animals, including horses, sheep, goats, and cattle. The infection is transmitted through the ingestion of infective larvae present in the feces of infected animals. The larvae then migrate through the walls of the small intestine and develop into adult worms, which can cause damage to the intestinal lining and lead to a range of clinical signs, including diarrhea, weight loss, and anemia. The diagnosis of trichostrongylosis is typically made through fecal egg counts or fecal floatation tests. Treatment involves the use of anthelmintic drugs to kill the adult worms and prevent the development of new infections. Prevention measures include regular deworming programs and proper sanitation to reduce the risk of exposure to infective larvae.
Strongyle infections in equines refer to a group of parasitic infections caused by various species of strongyle worms, which are nematodes that live in the small intestine of horses. These worms can cause a range of clinical signs, including diarrhea, colic, weight loss, and anemia, and can be a significant source of morbidity and mortality in horses. Strongyle infections are commonly diagnosed through fecal egg counts or fecal flotation tests, and treatment typically involves the use of anthelmintic drugs to kill the worms. Prevention of strongyle infections involves regular deworming programs and good management practices to minimize exposure to infective larvae.
Ascariasis is a type of parasitic infection caused by the roundworm Ascaris lumbricoides. It is one of the most common soil-transmitted helminth infections worldwide, particularly in developing countries. The adult worms live in the small intestine and lay eggs that are excreted in the feces. The eggs can then be ingested by humans or other animals, leading to reinfection. The symptoms of ascariasis can vary depending on the severity and duration of the infection. Common symptoms include abdominal pain, bloating, diarrhea, constipation, weight loss, and malnutrition. In severe cases, the worms can migrate to other parts of the body, such as the lungs, leading to respiratory symptoms such as coughing and wheezing. Treatment for ascariasis typically involves the use of anthelmintic drugs, such as albendazole or mebendazole, which are effective in killing the adult worms and their eggs. Preventive measures include improved sanitation and hygiene practices, such as handwashing and proper disposal of human waste.
Praziquantel is an antiparasitic medication used to treat a variety of parasitic infections, including schistosomiasis (bilharzia), tapeworm infections, and liver fluke infections. It works by interfering with the metabolism of the parasites, leading to their death. Praziquantel is available in oral tablet form and is typically given as a single dose. It is considered safe and effective for most people, although it may cause side effects such as nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain.
Ivermectin is an antiparasitic medication that is commonly used to treat a variety of parasitic infections, including river blindness, scabies, and lice. It works by paralyzing and killing parasites, which are then expelled from the body. In recent years, ivermectin has also been studied for its potential use in treating COVID-19, although the evidence for its effectiveness in this context is limited and controversial.
Oesophagostomiasis is a parasitic infection of the esophagus caused by the nematode worm Oesophagostomum bifurcum. The infection is commonly found in pigs and humans who consume raw or undercooked meat from infected animals. The adult worms live in the cecum and colon of the pig, while the larvae migrate to the esophagus of the human host, causing irritation and inflammation. Symptoms of oesophagostomiasis in humans may include coughing, difficulty swallowing, and chest pain. Treatment typically involves the use of anthelmintic drugs to kill the worms.
Protozoan proteins are proteins that are produced by protozoa, which are single-celled organisms that belong to the kingdom Protista. Protozoa are found in a wide range of environments, including soil, water, and the bodies of animals and humans. Protozoan proteins can be of interest in the medical field because some protozoa are pathogenic, meaning they can cause disease in humans and other animals. For example, the protozoan parasite Trypanosoma brucei, which causes African sleeping sickness, produces a number of proteins that are important for its survival and replication within the host organism. Protozoan proteins can also be studied as potential targets for the development of new drugs to treat protozoan infections. For example, researchers are exploring the use of antibodies that target specific protozoan proteins to prevent or treat diseases caused by these organisms. In addition to their potential medical applications, protozoan proteins are also of interest to researchers studying the evolution and biology of these organisms. By studying the proteins produced by protozoa, scientists can gain insights into the genetic and biochemical mechanisms that underlie the biology of these organisms.
Egg proteins are the proteins found in eggs. They are a rich source of essential amino acids, which are the building blocks of proteins in the body. Egg proteins are commonly used in the medical field as a dietary supplement for people who are unable to consume enough protein through their regular diet, such as people with certain medical conditions or athletes who engage in strenuous physical activity. Egg proteins are also used in the production of medical products such as vaccines and antibodies.
Antibodies, Helminth refers to a type of immune response that occurs when the body is exposed to helminth parasites, which are a group of large, multicellular worms that can cause various diseases in humans and animals. Helminths can infect different parts of the body, including the lungs, intestines, liver, and brain. When the body is exposed to helminth parasites, it produces antibodies to fight off the infection. These antibodies are specific to the antigens present on the surface of the helminth and can help to neutralize the parasite or mark it for destruction by other immune cells. The production of antibodies in response to helminth infections is an important part of the immune response and can help to protect the body from future infections. However, in some cases, the immune response to helminth infections can also cause damage to the body, leading to symptoms such as inflammation, tissue damage, and organ dysfunction.
Albendazole is an antihelminthic medication used to treat a variety of parasitic infections, including roundworms, tapeworms, and hookworms. It works by interfering with the metabolism of the parasites, leading to their death. Albendazole is available in both oral and injectable forms and is commonly used in both humans and animals. It is generally well-tolerated, but like all medications, it can cause side effects, such as nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain.
Schistosomiasis japonica, also known as Japanese schistosomiasis, is a parasitic disease caused by the Schistosoma japonicum flatworm. It is primarily found in Southeast Asia, including China, Taiwan, and parts of Indonesia, Vietnam, and the Philippines. The disease is transmitted through contact with contaminated freshwater, such as rivers or lakes, where the parasite lives in snails. When a person comes into contact with the water, the parasite can penetrate the skin and migrate to the liver, lungs, and other organs, causing inflammation and damage. Symptoms of schistosomiasis japonica can include fever, fatigue, abdominal pain, diarrhea, and blood in the stool or urine. In severe cases, the disease can lead to liver fibrosis, portal hypertension, and other complications. Treatment for schistosomiasis japonica typically involves the use of antiparasitic drugs, such as praziquantel, to kill the parasites and alleviate symptoms. Prevention measures include avoiding contact with contaminated water and wearing protective clothing and footwear when in areas where the disease is prevalent.
In the medical field, "Goat Diseases" refers to a wide range of illnesses and conditions that can affect goats. These diseases can be caused by various factors, including bacteria, viruses, fungi, parasites, and environmental factors. Some common goat diseases include: 1. Caprine arthritis encephalitis virus (CAEV): A viral disease that affects the central nervous system and joints of goats. 2. Q fever: A bacterial disease that can cause fever, pneumonia, and other respiratory symptoms in goats. 3. Johne's disease: A bacterial disease that affects the digestive system of goats and can cause diarrhea, weight loss, and other symptoms. 4. Coccidiosis: A parasitic disease that affects the digestive system of goats and can cause diarrhea, weight loss, and other symptoms. 5. Mycoplasma agalactiae: A bacterial disease that can cause mastitis (inflammation of the mammary glands) in goats. 6. Scrapie: A fatal neurodegenerative disease that affects the central nervous system of goats. 7. Bluetongue: A viral disease that affects the mouth and tongue of goats and can cause fever, swelling, and other symptoms. 8. Foot-and-mouth disease: A viral disease that affects the mouth and feet of goats and can cause fever, blisters, and other symptoms. 9. Anthrax: A bacterial disease that can cause fever, skin ulcers, and other symptoms in goats. 10. Rift Valley fever: A viral disease that can cause fever, muscle pain, and other symptoms in goats. These are just a few examples of the many goat diseases that can affect goats. It is important for goat owners to be aware of the common diseases in their area and to take steps to prevent and treat them.
Clonorchiasis is a parasitic infection caused by the liver fluke Clonorchis sinensis. It is a common disease in many parts of Asia, particularly in China, Japan, and Korea. The infection occurs when people consume raw or undercooked freshwater fish or crayfish that are infected with the parasite's eggs. The eggs hatch in the small intestine and release larvae that migrate to the bile ducts and liver, where they mature into adult flukes. The symptoms of clonorchiasis can vary depending on the severity of the infection and the number of flukes present in the liver. Common symptoms include abdominal pain, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, and weight loss. In severe cases, the infection can lead to liver damage, bile duct obstruction, and cholangiocarcinoma (a type of liver cancer). Diagnosis of clonorchiasis is typically made through stool examination, which can detect the presence of the parasite's eggs or adult flukes. Treatment typically involves the use of antiparasitic drugs, such as praziquantel, to kill the flukes. Prevention of clonorchiasis involves avoiding the consumption of raw or undercooked freshwater fish and crayfish, and practicing good hygiene when handling and cooking these foods.
Hepatomegaly is a medical condition characterized by an enlargement of the liver. The liver is a vital organ responsible for various functions such as detoxification, metabolism, and production of bile. When the liver becomes enlarged, it can be a sign of an underlying medical condition or disease. Hepatomegaly can be caused by a variety of factors, including viral hepatitis, fatty liver disease, alcohol abuse, liver cirrhosis, liver cancer, and inherited metabolic disorders. In some cases, the cause of hepatomegaly may be unknown. The diagnosis of hepatomegaly typically involves a physical examination, medical history, and imaging tests such as ultrasound, CT scan, or MRI. Treatment for hepatomegaly depends on the underlying cause and may include medications, lifestyle changes, or surgery in severe cases. It is important to note that hepatomegaly alone is not a disease, but rather a symptom of an underlying condition. Therefore, it is essential to identify and treat the underlying cause to prevent further complications and improve the patient's overall health.
Helminthiasis is a medical condition caused by the presence of parasitic worms (helminths) in the body. These worms can infect various organs and tissues, including the digestive system, lungs, liver, and brain. There are many different types of helminths that can cause helminthiasis, including roundworms, tapeworms, and flukes. The symptoms of helminthiasis can vary depending on the type of worm and the location of the infection. Common symptoms may include abdominal pain, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, fatigue, and weight loss. Helminthiasis can be diagnosed through a variety of methods, including stool analysis, blood tests, and imaging studies. Treatment typically involves the use of antihelminthic drugs to kill or remove the worms from the body. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to remove large or deeply embedded worms. Prevention of helminthiasis involves good hygiene practices, such as washing hands regularly and avoiding contact with contaminated soil or water.
Helminth proteins refer to the proteins produced by parasitic worms, also known as helminths. These proteins play a crucial role in the biology and pathogenesis of helminth infections, as well as in the host-parasite interactions. Helminth proteins can be classified into different categories based on their function, such as tegumental proteins, secretory proteins, and excretory proteins. Tegumental proteins are located on the surface of the helminth and play a role in protecting the parasite from the host immune system. Secretory proteins are produced by the parasites and are secreted into the host tissues, where they can modulate the host immune response and facilitate the survival and reproduction of the parasite. Excretory proteins are produced by the parasites and are excreted into the host bloodstream, where they can affect the host's metabolism and immune function. Helminth proteins have been the subject of extensive research in the medical field, as they represent potential targets for the development of new drugs and vaccines against helminth infections. Additionally, some helminth proteins have been shown to have immunomodulatory properties, making them of interest for the treatment of autoimmune diseases and other inflammatory conditions.
Fascioliasis is a parasitic infection caused by the liver fluke, Fasciola hepatica. The infection occurs when the fluke larvae, which are released into the environment by infected snails, are ingested by humans or animals. The flukes then migrate to the liver and bile ducts, where they can cause damage and inflammation. Symptoms of fascioliasis can include abdominal pain, fever, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and jaundice. In severe cases, the infection can lead to liver failure, cirrhosis, and even death. Fascioliasis is most common in rural areas where there is access to contaminated water or food sources. It is also found in some parts of Asia, Africa, South America, and Europe. Treatment typically involves the use of antiparasitic drugs to kill the flukes and alleviate symptoms. Prevention measures include avoiding contaminated water and food sources, and proper sanitation practices.
Malaria is a mosquito-borne infectious disease caused by Plasmodium parasites. It is characterized by fever, chills, headache, muscle aches, and fatigue. In severe cases, it can lead to anemia, respiratory distress, organ failure, and death. Malaria is primarily found in tropical and subtropical regions, particularly in Africa, Asia, and Latin America. There are four main species of Plasmodium that can cause malaria in humans: P. falciparum, P. vivax, P. ovale, and P. malariae. Malaria is preventable and treatable, but，。
Malaria, Falciparum is a type of malaria caused by the Plasmodium falciparum parasite. It is the most deadly form of malaria, accounting for the majority of malaria-related deaths worldwide. The parasite is transmitted to humans through the bite of infected female Anopheles mosquitoes. Symptoms of falciparum malaria can include fever, chills, headache, muscle and joint pain, nausea, vomiting, and fatigue. In severe cases, the disease can lead to organ failure, coma, and death. Falciparum malaria is typically treated with antimalarial drugs, such as artemisinin-based combination therapies (ACTs). Prevention measures include the use of insecticide-treated bed nets, indoor residual spraying, and antimalarial prophylaxis for travelers to high-risk areas.
Oxamniquine is an antiparasitic medication used to treat infections caused by the parasite Schistosoma mansoni, which is responsible for schistosomiasis, a disease that affects millions of people worldwide. It is typically used in combination with other medications to treat severe cases of the disease. Oxamniquine works by interfering with the parasite's ability to reproduce and spread within the body. It is usually taken orally in tablet form and is typically given in a single dose. Side effects of oxamniquine may include nausea, vomiting, headache, and dizziness.
DNA, Protozoan refers to the genetic material of protozoans, which are single-celled organisms that belong to the kingdom Protista. Protozoans are a diverse group of organisms that can be found in a variety of environments, including soil, water, and the human body. Protozoans have their own unique DNA, which contains the genetic information necessary for their growth, development, and reproduction. This DNA is organized into chromosomes, which are structures that contain the genetic material of an organism. In the medical field, knowledge of the DNA of protozoans is important for understanding the biology of these organisms and for developing treatments for infections caused by protozoans. For example, the DNA of the protozoan Plasmodium, which causes malaria, has been extensively studied in order to develop drugs and vaccines to treat and prevent this disease.
Cattle diseases refer to any illness or condition that affects cattle, which are domesticated animals commonly raised for meat, milk, and other products. These diseases can be caused by a variety of factors, including bacteria, viruses, fungi, parasites, and environmental conditions. In the medical field, cattle diseases are typically studied and treated by veterinarians who specialize in animal health. Some common cattle diseases include bovine respiratory disease (BRD), Johne's disease, foot-and-mouth disease, and mastitis. These diseases can have significant economic impacts on farmers and the cattle industry, as they can lead to decreased productivity, increased mortality rates, and the need for costly treatments. To prevent and control cattle diseases, veterinarians and farmers may use a variety of strategies, including vaccination, proper nutrition and hygiene, and the use of antibiotics and other medications when necessary. Additionally, monitoring and surveillance efforts are often implemented to detect and respond to outbreaks of new or emerging diseases.
Mebendazole is an antihelminthic medication used to treat various types of parasitic infections, including roundworms, tapeworms, and hookworms. It works by interfering with the metabolism of the parasites, leading to their death. Mebendazole is available in various forms, including tablets, capsules, and chewable tablets, and is typically taken orally. It is generally well-tolerated, but side effects may include nausea, abdominal pain, and diarrhea.
Parasitic diseases are infections caused by parasites, which are organisms that live on or inside a host organism and obtain nutrients from it. Parasites can be protozoa, helminths, or arthropods, and they can cause a wide range of diseases in humans and animals. Parasitic diseases can be transmitted through various routes, including contaminated food and water, sexual contact, insect bites, and contact with contaminated soil or surfaces. Some common parasitic diseases include malaria, schistosomiasis, leishmaniasis, giardiasis, and tapeworm infections. The symptoms of parasitic diseases can vary depending on the type of parasite and the severity of the infection. Some common symptoms include abdominal pain, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, fatigue, fever, and weight loss. In severe cases, parasitic infections can lead to organ damage, anemia, and even death. Treatment for parasitic diseases typically involves the use of antiparasitic medications, which can be effective in eliminating the parasites from the body. In some cases, supportive care may also be necessary to manage symptoms and prevent complications. Prevention measures include practicing good hygiene, avoiding contaminated food and water, using insect repellent, and taking appropriate precautions when traveling to areas where parasitic diseases are common.
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- Infected persons were treated to expel liver and intestinal parasites for specifi c public of China, the land devoted to aquaculture increased identifi cation. (cdc.gov)
- In addition, it aimed to estimate in several regions of the world, causing the prevalence of other intestinal parasites considerable morbidity and mortality. (who.int)
- Resistance to intestinal parasites is a serious problem in these animals. (vin.com)
- Anemia or low blood count in sheep and goats, is generally caused by the intestinal parasite Haemonchus contortus . (vin.com)
- While doing a FEC it will also show other intestinal parasites your horse might have, such as ascarids or roundworms. (kentuckyequinehospital.com)
- Prevalence of intestinal parasites in a low-income Texas community. (cdc.gov)
- This study aimed at determining the prevalence of intestinal parasites infections and associated factors among children in a rural primary school, Northwest Ethiopia. (bvsalud.org)
- CONCLUSION: This study showed that intestinal parasites were prevalent among the school children in focus. (bvsalud.org)
- 400). Helminth eggs were identifi ed and enumerated, and the number of eggs was multiplied by 23 to obtain the number of eggs per gram (epg) of feces. (cdc.gov)
- The eggs are deposited in the feces, where they hatch and release larvae. (beefresearch.ca)
- Other zoonoses can be transmitted from animal feces when parasite eggs are inadvertently eaten by humans. (cdc.gov)
- The clinical presentation is highly variable, in the feces, but the eggs accumulate in making its diagnosis a challenge, symptoms the arterioles that irrigate the affected such as malaise and myalgias are usually tissue4. (bvsalud.org)
- The disease generally results from an oral ingestion of the parasite ova eliminated with feces of dogs leading to the emergence of hydatid cysts.Hydatidosis is a health problem that may remain asymptomatic for several years. (bvsalud.org)
- A ABSTRACT The prevalence and intensity of schistosomiasis and soil-transmitted parasites was es- timated among third-year schoolchildren of Sahar district, Sa'dah governorate, Yemen, after 4 schis- tosomiasis control campaigns. (who.int)
- The prevalence of schistosomiasis infection was low at 5.6%: 3.3% for Schistosoma haematobium (geometric mean 0.16 eggs/10 mL urine) and 2.3% for S. mansoni (0.18 eggs/g faeces). (who.int)
- The current American Association of Equine Practitioners (AAEP) Parasite Control Guidelines recommends using an egg counting technique with a limit for detection of less than 25 eggs per gram (EPG) for Fecal Egg Count Reduction Testing. (kvsupply.com)
- The number of eggs in stool samples decreased from 250 eggs per gram (epg) before treatment to 3 epg 8 weeks post treatment . (who.int)
- Horsemen's Laboratory recommends deworming horses with a parasite load over 200 eggs per gram- three of my four horses qualified with the 2 year old, Coulee, having the largest contamination at 1500 eggs per gram! (oncourseequinenutrition.com)
- The only horse below 200 eggs per gram was Libby who has the shiniest coat and the highest body condition score in the herd. (oncourseequinenutrition.com)
- After administering the QuestPlus to the three horses over 200 egg/gram, I then reached out to both my equine veterinarian as well as the Zoetis company for the next step. (oncourseequinenutrition.com)
- Fecal Egg Count measures the number of strongyle eggs that are passed in each gram of manure. (kentuckyequinehospital.com)
- Zero Egg Count is an equine healthcare company offering diagnostic fecal egg count test kits and laboratory services that provide vital information about a horse's worm burden and the effectiveness of an owner's deworming program. (kvsupply.com)
- They both recommended that I wait a minimum of 2 weeks and up to 8 weeks to redo the fecal egg count before deworming again. (oncourseequinenutrition.com)
- You could run a fecal egg count or try deworming with ivermectin every three weeks for three treatments (that's three treatments in nine weeks). (equisearch.com)
- It is important to follow an appropriate worming regime and fluke control, including routine faecal egg counts, monitoring stock, pasture management and treatment only if necessary. (shropshirestar.com)
- Lambs' health status was monitored via faecal egg counts and haematocrit. (usu.edu)
- Faecal samples may be collected for parasite egg count and bacterial culture testing. (drvikram.com)
- Research is proving that some parasites are becoming resistant to our common dewormers. (performanceequinevs.com)
- Pretreatment egg counts in 4 Kato-Katz slides were compared with similar counts in stool samples collected 1 and 2 months after treatment. (who.int)
- It is possible for different types of parasites to cause white flecks in the stool. (healthline.com)
- For this test, you'll bring a sample of stool into the lab so a technician can examine it for blood, fungus, parasites, and other abnormalities. (healthline.com)
- Lambs and meat goats are commonly raised on improved pastures, and their major health issue is gastrointestinal parasites. (vin.com)
- Katahdin lambs were the most resistant to parasites. (vin.com)
- Goat kids showed to be the most susceptible to parasites, and Suffolk lambs were in the middle. (vin.com)
- Supplemental protein with whole cottonseed did seem to lower the fecal egg counts in goat kids, but it did not have an effect on Katahdin lambs. (vin.com)
- We have also incorporated fecal egg counts into our NSIP data allowing us to identify ewes and lambs that produce more parasite resistant offspring. (madkettlefarm.com)
- The malaria parasites that are known to In 2021 many patients were found to Furthermore, hit them with strong herbs thatll pain relief to treat themselves outside the NHS, such was the level of ignorance early 1900s. (mccaaccountants.com)
- Conclusion: Agreement between malaria parasitaemia using microscopy and mRDT positivity increased with increase in the parasite density. (bvsalud.org)
- Among these parasites, fi sh- indicated infections with only liver fl ukes ( C . sinensis and borne zoonotic trematodes (FZTs) are estimated to infect O . viverrini ) in humans ( 11 ). (cdc.gov)
- worldwide the number at risk may be surveys for zoonotic parasites in cultured and wild fi sh in much greater ( 1 - 3 ). (cdc.gov)
- [ 4 ] Thus, there is a possible zoonotic transmission of this parasite, although most infections are believed to be through direct fecal-oral spread and, possibly, through co-infection of eggs of Enterobius vermicularis (ie, pinworm). (medscape.com)
- Perri, A.F. Gastrointestinal parasites presence during the peripartum decreases total milk production in grazing dairy Holstein cows. (uba.ar)
- Lacau-Mengido, I.M. 'Gastrointestinal parasites presence during the peripartum decreases total milk production in grazing dairy Holstein cows' (2011) Veterinary Parasitology. (uba.ar)
- Gastrointestinal parasites are an unavoidable fact of life. (beefresearch.ca)
- 113 797, with 21 393 schoolchildren en- for both S. haematobium and S. mansoni rolled in 90 schools according to the statisti- infections. (who.int)
- Snails can host this parasite and are part of its normal life cycle. (medlineplus.gov)
- A proactive approach is key to defending your herd against potentially costly diseases and parasite threats during the grazing season. (shropshirestar.com)
- A low worm burden is tolerable, but a high parasite load robs the animal of nutrients, draws down body condition score, impacts reproductive and growth performance and lowers its ability to resist other diseases. (beefresearch.ca)
- Since this is a recent, rapid and significant change, it would be a good idea to look for a medical cause, such as Cushing's disease or parasite infestation. (equisearch.com)
- It is caused by an infestation with region Protopopoff N, Mosha JF, Lukole E, and burrows into it to lay eggs. (mccaaccountants.com)
- In Africa such resources are often scarce, an infection or infestation rather than having the pretreatment egg count and on the. (mccaaccountants.com)
- Angiostrongylus are parasites of rats (rat lung worms). (msdmanuals.com)
- In the present study, we conducted a large-scale investigation of TIMP proteins of a range of neglected human parasites including the hookworm Necator americanus , the roundworm Ascaris suum , the liver flukes Clonorchis sinensis and Opisthorchis viverrini , as well as the schistosome blood flukes. (biomedcentral.com)
- Amongst these parasites, soil-transmitted helminths (STHs), including Ancylostoma duodenale and Necator americanus (hookworms), Ascaris sp. (biomedcentral.com)
- The best guess for how the patient contracted the infection was by inadvertently consuming larval eggs on wild vegetation that she collected near her home to eat. (medscape.com)
- The females (size ranges from 7-28 mm, depending on species) deposit eggs in the small venules of the portal and perivesical systems. (cdc.gov)
- The eggs were incubated, hatched and new DNA-based techniques were used to identify which species of parasitic worms were present. (beefresearch.ca)
- RESULTS: Out of the 273 school children, 84(30.8%) were infected with at least one parasite species. (bvsalud.org)
- Intermittent fecal shedding of egg-containing proglottids or free T solium eggs ensues, with the intention that the intermediate host (normally pigs) will ingest the excreted eggs in contaminated food or water. (medscape.com)
- A study was performed to determine resistance and to see if supplementing with protein would increase immunity against parasites. (vin.com)
- The overall purpose of a worm control program should be to minimise production losses caused by internal parasites and to maximise the sheep's immunity to worms. (tas.gov.au)
- Lack of perilesional inflammation is seen with both "active" healthy parasites, which are able to evade host immunity (an adaptive feat that may be abetted by the immune privilege afforded to the CNS), and in "inactive" disease in which the cysticerci have completely involuted. (medscape.com)
- When the parasite comes into contact with humans, it burrows into the skin and matures into another stage. (medlineplus.gov)
- Similar to some other parasites (eg, Cyclospora cayetanensis, Giardia lamblia, Cryptosporidium parvum ), the parasite D fragilis has been demonstrated to cause disease in humans regardless of their immune status. (medscape.com)
- Incidentally, it infects humans, in whom by host reaction, and eggs persist in human its life cycle is not completed3. (bvsalud.org)
- Improves the absorption and uptake of calcium and phosphorus through feed Improve milk production in cattle and egg shell quality, production, fertility and hatchability in the birds Strengthen the bones, muscle tone and improve immune system Prevents Osteomalacia,Rickets and Osteoporosis Prevents anaemia, stunted growth and hypocalcaemia Prevents leg weakness and improve weight gain - Ensures adequate bone mineralization - Dr. Katre Premix Lab Pvt. (slideshare.net)
- For example, with temperatures being much milder last winter, cattle may also be at increased risk of parasite threats this spring. (shropshirestar.com)
- As a result, egg numbers on pasture and worm numbers in cattle generally start low in spring, build up over the summer and peak in fall. (beefresearch.ca)
- To investigate production impacts of roundworms in Canadian beef cattle on pasture and develop predictive models to improve parasite control. (beefresearch.ca)
- As I mentioned in Part One, I committed myself to making internal parasite mitigation a top priority in my horses' health (and client horses' health) for 2021, and boy oh boy. (oncourseequinenutrition.com)
- There are three broad types of internal parasite that can cause significant health issues in sheep - worms, flukes and protozoa. (tas.gov.au)
- Roundworms are the most common internal parasites of sheep, with the Small Brown Stomach Worm, the Black Scour Worm and Nematodirus being the more common worms in Tasmania. (tas.gov.au)
- Among several groups of helminth molecules involved in the host-parasite interplay, protease inhibitors have been the subject of intense investigations due to their roles in a range of fundamental molecular processes, including regulation of host proteases and modulation of the host's immune response [ 18 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
- However, a complete blood cell (CBC) count with differential may reveal eosinophilia in up to 50% of children infected with the parasite. (medscape.com)
- We also have an SQP (Suitably Qualified Person) Vet Tech who is able to do worm egg counts and advise on the best wormer and parasite control options. (paragonvet.com)
- Human cysticercosis occurs when T solium eggs are ingested via fecal-oral transmission from a tapeworm host. (medscape.com)
- According to the type of eggs we see under the microscope, we will choose and administer the wormer necessary to kill the parasites present in your horse. (performanceequinevs.com)
- Internal parasites are generally managed using drugs with "mectin" in the name or active ingredient list, because they're inexpensive, convenient (especially the pour-ons), and also control external lice. (beefresearch.ca)
- S. mansoni is also frequently recovered from wild primates in endemic areas but is considered primarily a human parasite and not a zoonosis. (cdc.gov)
- Costa Rica is considered the most endemic angiostrongiliasis en un country, and it has been shown in different reviews that most cases occur in children and males. (bvsalud.org)
- A good herd health programme should encompass biosecurity, routine disease and parasite monitoring, and appropriate vaccinations, wormers and fly controls where necessary. (shropshirestar.com)
- The 64-year-old woman was diagnosed with pneumonia and had a high white blood cell count, low hemoglobin , high platelets , and a very high C-reactive protein of 102 mg/L. (medscape.com)
- Many parasites may cause fever, chills, swollen lymph nodes, and swollen liver and spleen. (medlineplus.gov)
- On Course Equine Nutrition now believes so strongly in fecal egg counting as a critical step towards equine nutritional health, that I've pre-purchased parasite testing kits for clients! (oncourseequinenutrition.com)
- Included in the On Course Equine Nutrition 'Stop Guessing & Start Gloating' Care Package is a prepaid fecal egg count test kit, forage testing packet, digital scale, weight tape and OCEN Swag! (oncourseequinenutrition.com)
- But just like herbicides and antibiotics, using the same parasite product too often leads to the development of resistance and reduced effectiveness over time. (beefresearch.ca)
- The parasites that enter the blood may not only make the patient ill but resistance to the medications and treatment. (mccaaccountants.com)
- Presence of two or more different parasites may reflect on charges. (tamu.edu)
- The results revealed that Mirazid used as schistosomicidal or fasciolicidal agent in the maximum recommended dose has a low cure rate and produced a negligible reduction in egg counts. (who.int)
- Ask your vet to do a chemistry screen and blood counts. (equisearch.com)
- The FAMACHA score, fecal egg counts, and red blood cell counts were examined to estimate the number of parasites present and the degree of anemia. (vin.com)
- Also known as Complete Blood Count, is a common test performed to provide objective information about the general health of your horse. (kentuckyequinehospital.com)
- Surveillance case definitions enable public health officials to classify and count cases consistently across reporting jurisdictions. (cdc.gov)
- In retrospect, I assume that parasites could be a major contributor not only to the 2 year old's poor coat and insatiable appetite, but possibly also a contributor to my performance mare's digestive discomfort and inflammation. (oncourseequinenutrition.com)
- There are 3 types of parasites: Single-cell organisms (protozoa, microsporidia) Multicellular. (msdmanuals.com)
- Because a great deal of their life cycle occurs outside the host animal, environmental conditions (especially temperature and moisture) can have a significant impact on parasite burdens from year to year. (beefresearch.ca)
- Foodborne parasites are widespread and more common A recent review of publications on FZTs in Vietnam than generally recognized. (cdc.gov)
- If the normal immune barriers are reduced, then it's easier for the parasite to move around between organ systems," Senanayake said. (medscape.com)
- By performing a fecal egg count we are able to precisely pick a dewormer based your YOUR horses current worm load! (performanceequinevs.com)