A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.
An analytical technique for resolution of a chemical mixture into its component compounds. Compounds are separated on an adsorbent paper (stationary phase) by their varied degree of solubility/mobility in the eluting solvent (mobile phase).
A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.
Electrophoresis in which paper is used as the diffusion medium. This technique is confined almost entirely to separations of small molecules such as amino acids, peptides, and nucleotides, and relatively high voltages are nearly always used.
Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
Statistical formulations or analyses which, when applied to data and found to fit the data, are then used to verify the assumptions and parameters used in the analysis. Examples of statistical models are the linear model, binomial model, polynomial model, two-parameter model, etc.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
"The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.
Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.
In INFORMATION RETRIEVAL, machine-sensing or identification of visible patterns (shapes, forms, and configurations). (Harrod's Librarians' Glossary, 7th ed)
An approach of practicing medicine with the goal to improve and evaluate patient care. It requires the judicious integration of best research evidence with the patient's values to make decisions about medical care. This method is to help physicians make proper diagnosis, devise best testing plan, choose best treatment and methods of disease prevention, as well as develop guidelines for large groups of patients with the same disease. (from JAMA 296 (9), 2006)
Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)
Techniques using energy such as radio frequency, infrared light, laser light, visible light, or acoustic energy to transfer information without the use of wires, over both short and long distances.
Method of measuring performance against established standards of best practice.
Theory and development of COMPUTER SYSTEMS which perform tasks that normally require human intelligence. Such tasks may include speech recognition, LEARNING; VISUAL PERCEPTION; MATHEMATICAL COMPUTING; reasoning, PROBLEM SOLVING, DECISION-MAKING, and translation of language.
Methods of creating machines and devices.
Organized activities related to the storage, location, search, and retrieval of information.
A plan for collecting and utilizing data so that desired information can be obtained with sufficient precision or so that an hypothesis can be tested properly.
A system containing any combination of computers, computer terminals, printers, audio or visual display devices, or telephones interconnected by telecommunications equipment or cables: used to transmit or receive information. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
The profession of writing. Also the identity of the writer as the creator of a literary production.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
The evaluation by experts of the quality and pertinence of research or research proposals of other experts in the same field. Peer review is used by editors in deciding which submissions warrant publication, by granting agencies to determine which proposals should be funded, and by academic institutions in tenure decisions.
Research that involves the application of the natural sciences, especially biology and physiology, to medicine.
The use of statistical methods in the analysis of a body of literature to reveal the historical development of subject fields and patterns of authorship, publication, and use. Formerly called statistical bibliography. (from The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
The portion of an interactive computer program that issues messages to and receives commands from a user.
A quantitative measure of the frequency on average with which articles in a journal have been cited in a given period of time.
Application of statistical procedures to analyze specific observed or assumed facts from a particular study.
Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.
The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.
A field of biology concerned with the development of techniques for the collection and manipulation of biological data, and the use of such data to make biological discoveries or predictions. This field encompasses all computational methods and theories for solving biological problems including manipulation of models and datasets.
Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of facts and data garnered from material of a specialized subject area and made available for analysis and application. The collection can be automated by various contemporary methods for retrieval. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, BIBLIOGRAPHIC which is restricted to collections of bibliographic references.
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
A process of separating particulate matter from a fluid, such as air or a liquid, by passing the fluid carrier through a medium that will not pass the particulates. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Any device or element which converts an input signal into an output signal of a different form. Examples include the microphone, phonographic pickup, loudspeaker, barometer, photoelectric cell, automobile horn, doorbell, and underwater sound transducer. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.
Computer-based systems for input, storage, display, retrieval, and printing of information contained in a patient's medical record.
Copies of a work or document distributed to the public by sale, rental, lease, or lending. (From ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983, p181)
The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.
Duties that are based in ETHICS, rather than in law.
Computer-assisted processing of electric, ultrasonic, or electronic signals to interpret function and activity.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of genetic processes or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Methods developed to aid in the interpretation of ultrasound, radiographic images, etc., for diagnosis of disease.
Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.
The principles of professional conduct concerning the rights and duties of the physician, relations with patients and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the physician in patient care and interpersonal relations with patient families.
The study of natural phenomena by observation, measurement, and experimentation.
Activities performed to identify concepts and aspects of published information and research reports.
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.
Standards of conduct that distinguish right from wrong.
Time period from 2001 through 2100 of the common era.
The monitoring of the level of toxins, chemical pollutants, microbial contaminants, or other harmful substances in the environment (soil, air, and water), workplace, or in the bodies of people and animals present in that environment.
Systems composed of a computer or computers, peripheral equipment, such as disks, printers, and terminals, and telecommunications capabilities.
A philosophically coherent set of propositions (for example, utilitarianism) which attempts to provide general norms for the guidance and evaluation of moral conduct. (from Beauchamp and Childress, Principles of Biomedical Ethics, 4th ed)
Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.
The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.
The taking of a blood sample to determine its character as a whole, to identify levels of its component cells, chemicals, gases, or other constituents, to perform pathological examination, etc.
Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of references and citations to books, articles, publications, etc., generally on a single subject or specialized subject area. Databases can operate through automated files, libraries, or computer disks. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, FACTUAL which is used for collections of data and facts apart from bibliographic references to them.
A systematic statement of policy rules or principles. Guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by convening expert panels. The text may be cursive or in outline form but is generally a comprehensive guide to problems and approaches in any field of activity. For guidelines in the field of health care and clinical medicine, PRACTICE GUIDELINES AS TOPIC is available.
The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.
A technique of inputting two-dimensional images into a computer and then enhancing or analyzing the imagery into a form that is more useful to the human observer.
The obligations and accountability assumed in carrying out actions or ideas on behalf of others.
Observation and acquisition of physical data from a distance by viewing and making measurements from a distance or receiving transmitted data from observations made at distant location.
Computer processing of a language with rules that reflect and describe current usage rather than prescribed usage.
Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.
The decision process by which individuals, groups or institutions establish policies pertaining to plans, programs or procedures.
Any enterprise centered on the processing, assembly, production, or marketing of a line of products, services, commodities, or merchandise, in a particular field often named after its principal product. Examples include the automobile, fishing, music, publishing, insurance, and textile industries.
Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.
The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.
The process of generating three-dimensional images by electronic, photographic, or other methods. For example, three-dimensional images can be generated by assembling multiple tomographic images with the aid of a computer, while photographic 3-D images (HOLOGRAPHY) can be made by exposing film to the interference pattern created when two laser light sources shine on an object.
A love or pursuit of wisdom. A search for the underlying causes and principles of reality. (Webster, 3d ed)
Self-directing freedom and especially moral independence. An ethical principle holds that the autonomy of persons ought to be respected. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
Improvement of the quality of a picture by various techniques, including computer processing, digital filtering, echocardiographic techniques, light and ultrastructural MICROSCOPY, fluorescence spectrometry and microscopy, scintigraphy, and in vitro image processing at the molecular level.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
The deductive study of shape, quantity, and dependence. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Application of computer programs designed to assist the physician in solving a diagnostic problem.
An interactive process whereby members of a community are concerned for the equality and rights of all.
Integrated set of files, procedures, and equipment for the storage, manipulation, and retrieval of information.
New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.
The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)
Protective measures against unauthorized access to or interference with computer operating systems, telecommunications, or data structures, especially the modification, deletion, destruction, or release of data in computers. It includes methods of forestalling interference by computer viruses or so-called computer hackers aiming to compromise stored data.
Data processing largely performed by automatic means.
The philosophy or code pertaining to what is ideal in human character and conduct. Also, the field of study dealing with the principles of morality.
The procedures involved in combining separately developed modules, components, or subsystems so that they work together as a complete system. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Linear POLYPEPTIDES that are synthesized on RIBOSOMES and may be further modified, crosslinked, cleaved, or assembled into complex proteins with several subunits. The specific sequence of AMINO ACIDS determines the shape the polypeptide will take, during PROTEIN FOLDING, and the function of the protein.
Works about clinical trials that involve at least one test treatment and one control treatment, concurrent enrollment and follow-up of the test- and control-treated groups, and in which the treatments to be administered are selected by a random process, such as the use of a random-numbers table.
The intrinsic moral worth ascribed to a living being. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.
The premier bibliographic database of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. MEDLINE® (MEDLARS Online) is the primary subset of PUBMED and can be searched on NLM's Web site in PubMed or the NLM Gateway. MEDLINE references are indexed with MEDICAL SUBJECT HEADINGS (MeSH).
The integration of epidemiologic, sociological, economic, and other analytic sciences in the study of health services. Health services research is usually concerned with relationships between need, demand, supply, use, and outcome of health services. The aim of the research is evaluation, particularly in terms of structure, process, output, and outcome. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
The prediction or projection of the nature of future problems or existing conditions based upon the extrapolation or interpretation of existing scientific data or by the application of scientific methodology.
A theorem in probability theory named for Thomas Bayes (1702-1761). In epidemiology, it is used to obtain the probability of disease in a group of people with some characteristic on the basis of the overall rate of that disease and of the likelihood of that characteristic in healthy and diseased individuals. The most familiar application is in clinical decision analysis where it is used for estimating the probability of a particular diagnosis given the appearance of some symptoms or test result.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Computer-assisted study of methods for obtaining useful quantitative solutions to problems that have been expressed mathematically.
Software designed to store, manipulate, manage, and control data for specific uses.
Procedures for collecting, preserving, and transporting of specimens sufficiently stable to provide accurate and precise results suitable for clinical interpretation.
Approximate, quantitative reasoning that is concerned with the linguistic ambiguity which exists in natural or synthetic language. At its core are variables such as good, bad, and young as well as modifiers such as more, less, and very. These ordinary terms represent fuzzy sets in a particular problem. Fuzzy logic plays a key role in many medical expert systems.
A series of steps taken in order to conduct research.
The field of information science concerned with the analysis and dissemination of medical data through the application of computers to various aspects of health care and medicine.
Innovation and improvement of the health care system by reappraisal, amendment of services, and removal of faults and abuses in providing and distributing health services to patients. It includes a re-alignment of health services and health insurance to maximum demographic elements (the unemployed, indigent, uninsured, elderly, inner cities, rural areas) with reference to coverage, hospitalization, pricing and cost containment, insurers' and employers' costs, pre-existing medical conditions, prescribed drugs, equipment, and services.
The use of systematic methods of ethical examination, such as CASUISTRY or ETHICAL THEORY, in reasoning about moral problems.
Specifications and instructions applied to the software.
The circulation or wide dispersal of information.
The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.
The process of formulating, improving, and expanding educational, managerial, or service-oriented work plans (excluding computer program development).
A set of statistical methods used to group variables or observations into strongly inter-related subgroups. In epidemiology, it may be used to analyze a closely grouped series of events or cases of disease or other health-related phenomenon with well-defined distribution patterns in relation to time or place or both.
A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions.
A specified list of terms with a fixed and unalterable meaning, and from which a selection is made when CATALOGING; ABSTRACTING AND INDEXING; or searching BOOKS; JOURNALS AS TOPIC; and other documents. The control is intended to avoid the scattering of related subjects under different headings (SUBJECT HEADINGS). The list may be altered or extended only by the publisher or issuing agency. (From Harrod's Librarians' Glossary, 7th ed, p163)
Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.
Studies determining the effectiveness or value of processes, personnel, and equipment, or the material on conducting such studies. For drugs and devices, CLINICAL TRIALS AS TOPIC; DRUG EVALUATION; and DRUG EVALUATION, PRECLINICAL are available.
The application of electronic, computerized control systems to mechanical devices designed to perform human functions. Formerly restricted to industry, but nowadays applied to artificial organs controlled by bionic (bioelectronic) devices, like automated insulin pumps and other prostheses.
A system for verifying and maintaining a desired level of quality in a product or process by careful planning, use of proper equipment, continued inspection, and corrective action as required. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.
The process of making a selective intellectual judgment when presented with several complex alternatives consisting of several variables, and usually defining a course of action or an idea.
Theoretical representations and constructs that describe or explain the structure and hierarchy of relationships and interactions within or between formal organizational entities or informal social groups.
A computer architecture, implementable in either hardware or software, modeled after biological neural networks. Like the biological system in which the processing capability is a result of the interconnection strengths between arrays of nonlinear processing nodes, computerized neural networks, often called perceptrons or multilayer connectionist models, consist of neuron-like units. A homogeneous group of units makes up a layer. These networks are good at pattern recognition. They are adaptive, performing tasks by example, and thus are better for decision-making than are linear learning machines or cluster analysis. They do not require explicit programming.
Systems where the input data enter the computer directly from the point of origin (usually a terminal or workstation) and/or in which output data are transmitted directly to that terminal point of origin. (Sippl, Computer Dictionary, 4th ed)
An infant during the first month after birth.
The science and art of collecting, summarizing, and analyzing data that are subject to random variation. The term is also applied to the data themselves and to the summarization of the data.
The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.
Time period from 1701 through 1800 of the common era.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
The arrangement of two or more amino acid or base sequences from an organism or organisms in such a way as to align areas of the sequences sharing common properties. The degree of relatedness or homology between the sequences is predicted computationally or statistically based on weights assigned to the elements aligned between the sequences. This in turn can serve as a potential indicator of the genetic relatedness between the organisms.
A medical specialty concerned with the use of physical agents, mechanical apparatus, and manipulation in rehabilitating physically diseased or injured patients.
Written or other literary works whose subject matter is medical or about the profession of medicine and related areas.
Conferences, conventions or formal meetings usually attended by delegates representing a special field of interest.
The study of chance processes or the relative frequency characterizing a chance process.
Introduction of changes which are new to the organization and are created by management.
A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria (GRAM-NEGATIVE FACULTATIVELY ANAEROBIC RODS) commonly found in the lower part of the intestine of warm-blooded animals. It is usually nonpathogenic, but some strains are known to produce DIARRHEA and pyogenic infections. Pathogenic strains (virotypes) are classified by their specific pathogenic mechanisms such as toxins (ENTEROTOXIGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI), etc.
Any deviation of results or inferences from the truth, or processes leading to such deviation. Bias can result from several sources: one-sided or systematic variations in measurement from the true value (systematic error); flaws in study design; deviation of inferences, interpretations, or analyses based on flawed data or data collection; etc. There is no sense of prejudice or subjectivity implied in the assessment of bias under these conditions.
The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
A method of comparing the cost of a program with its expected benefits in dollars (or other currency). The benefit-to-cost ratio is a measure of total return expected per unit of money spent. This analysis generally excludes consideration of factors that are not measured ultimately in economic terms. Cost effectiveness compares alternative ways to achieve a specific set of results.
The quality or state of relating to or affecting two or more nations. (After Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)
The privacy of information and its protection against unauthorized disclosure.
Systematic organization, storage, retrieval, and dissemination of specialized information, especially of a scientific or technical nature (From ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983). It often involves authenticating or validating information.
Integrated, computer-assisted systems designed to store, manipulate, and retrieve information concerned with the administrative and clinical aspects of providing medical services within the hospital.
The state or condition of being a human individual accorded moral and/or legal rights. Criteria to be used to determine this status are subject to debate, and range from the requirement of simply being a human organism to such requirements as that the individual be self-aware and capable of rational thought and moral agency.
The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.
The external elements and conditions which surround, influence, and affect the life and development of an organism or population.
Compositions written by hand, as one written before the invention or adoption of printing. A manuscript may also refer to a handwritten copy of an ancient author. A manuscript may be handwritten or typewritten as distinguished from a printed copy, especially the copy of a writer's work from which printed copies are made. (Webster, 3d ed)
The study, control, and application of the conduction of ELECTRICITY through gases or vacuum, or through semiconducting or conducting materials. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Works about pre-planned studies of the safety, efficacy, or optimum dosage schedule (if appropriate) of one or more diagnostic, therapeutic, or prophylactic drugs, devices, or techniques selected according to predetermined criteria of eligibility and observed for predefined evidence of favorable and unfavorable effects. This concept includes clinical trials conducted both in the U.S. and in other countries.
Devices that control the supply of electric current for running electrical equipment.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
The educational process of instructing.
Small computers using LSI (large-scale integration) microprocessor chips as the CPU (central processing unit) and semiconductor memories for compact, inexpensive storage of program instructions and data. They are smaller and less expensive than minicomputers and are usually built into a dedicated system where they are optimized for a particular application. "Microprocessor" may refer to just the CPU or the entire microcomputer.
A type of MICROCOMPUTER, sometimes called a personal digital assistant, that is very small and portable and fitting in a hand. They are convenient to use in clinical and other field situations for quick data management. They usually require docking with MICROCOMPUTERS for updates.
Published materials which provide an examination of recent or current literature. Review articles can cover a wide range of subject matter at various levels of completeness and comprehensiveness based on analyses of literature that may include research findings. The review may reflect the state of the art. It also includes reviews as a literary form.
Descriptions and evaluations of specific health care organizations.
The process of pictorial communication, between human and computers, in which the computer input and output have the form of charts, drawings, or other appropriate pictorial representation.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of chemical processes or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Community or individual involvement in the decision-making process.
The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.
Time period from 1601 through 1700 of the common era.
Devices or objects in various imaging techniques used to visualize or enhance visualization by simulating conditions encountered in the procedure. Phantoms are used very often in procedures employing or measuring x-irradiation or radioactive material to evaluate performance. Phantoms often have properties similar to human tissue. Water demonstrates absorbing properties similar to normal tissue, hence water-filled phantoms are used to map radiation levels. Phantoms are used also as teaching aids to simulate real conditions with x-ray or ultrasonic machines. (From Iturralde, Dictionary and Handbook of Nuclear Medicine and Clinical Imaging, 1990)
Models used experimentally or theoretically to study molecular shape, electronic properties, or interactions; includes analogous molecules, computer-generated graphics, and mechanical structures.
Social process whereby the values, attitudes, or institutions of society, such as education, family, religion, and industry become modified. It includes both the natural process and action programs initiated by members of the community.
The relationships between symbols and their meanings.
Clusters of topics that fall within the domain of BIOETHICS, the field of study concerned with value questions that arise in biomedicine and health care delivery.
Three-dimensional representation to show anatomic structures. Models may be used in place of intact animals or organisms for teaching, practice, and study.
Exercise of governmental authority to control conduct.
Computer systems capable of assembling, storing, manipulating, and displaying geographically referenced information, i.e. data identified according to their locations.
Directions or principles presenting current or future rules of policy for assisting health care practitioners in patient care decisions regarding diagnosis, therapy, or related clinical circumstances. The guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by the convening of expert panels. The guidelines form a basis for the evaluation of all aspects of health care and delivery.
Use of sophisticated analysis tools to sort through, organize, examine, and combine large sets of information.
Organized collections of computer records, standardized in format and content, that are stored in any of a variety of computer-readable modes. They are the basic sets of data from which computer-readable files are created. (from ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
The protection, preservation, restoration, and rational use of all resources in the total environment.
Criteria and standards used for the determination of the appropriateness of the inclusion of patients with specific conditions in proposed treatment plans and the criteria used for the inclusion of subjects in various clinical trials and other research protocols.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of the neurological system, processes or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Combination or superimposition of two images for demonstrating differences between them (e.g., radiograph with contrast vs. one without, radionuclide images using different radionuclides, radiograph vs. radionuclide image) and in the preparation of audiovisual materials (e.g., offsetting identical images, coloring of vessels in angiograms).
The art and science of designing buildings and structures. More generally, it is the design of the total built environment, including town planning, urban design, and landscape architecture.
A bibliographic database that includes MEDLINE as its primary subset. It is produced by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), part of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. PubMed, which is searchable through NLM's Web site, also includes access to additional citations to selected life sciences journals not in MEDLINE, and links to other resources such as the full-text of articles at participating publishers' Web sites, NCBI's molecular biology databases, and PubMed Central.
The collective designation of three organizations with common membership: the European Economic Community (Common Market), the European Coal and Steel Community, and the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom). It was known as the European Community until 1994. It is primarily an economic union with the principal objectives of free movement of goods, capital, and labor. Professional services, social, medical and paramedical, are subsumed under labor. The constituent countries are Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. (The World Almanac and Book of Facts 1997, p842)
It is the study of social phenomena which characterize the learned, shared, and transmitted social activities of particular ethnic groups with focus on the causes, consequences, and complexities of human social and cultural variability.
Processes that incorporate some element of randomness, used particularly to refer to a time series of random variables.
The collection, writing, and editing of current interest material on topics related to biomedicine for presentation through the mass media, including newspapers, magazines, radio, or television, usually for a public audience such as health care consumers.
The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.
Signal and data processing method that uses decomposition of wavelets to approximate, estimate, or compress signals with finite time and frequency domains. It represents a signal or data in terms of a fast decaying wavelet series from the original prototype wavelet, called the mother wavelet. This mathematical algorithm has been adopted widely in biomedical disciplines for data and signal processing in noise removal and audio/image compression (e.g., EEG and MRI).
Specific languages used to prepare computer programs.
Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.
A course of study offered by an educational institution.
The application of scientific knowledge to practical purposes in any field. It includes methods, techniques, and instrumentation.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
The interchange of goods or commodities, especially on a large scale, between different countries or between populations within the same country. It includes trade (the buying, selling, or exchanging of commodities, whether wholesale or retail) and business (the purchase and sale of goods to make a profit). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, p411, p2005 & p283)
Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.
The purposes, missions, and goals of an individual organization or its units, established through administrative processes. It includes an organization's long-range plans and administrative philosophy.
The capacity of an organization, institution, or business to produce desired results with a minimum expenditure of energy, time, money, personnel, materiel, etc.
The study of systems which respond disproportionately (nonlinearly) to initial conditions or perturbing stimuli. Nonlinear systems may exhibit "chaos" which is classically characterized as sensitive dependence on initial conditions. Chaotic systems, while distinguished from more ordered periodic systems, are not random. When their behavior over time is appropriately displayed (in "phase space"), constraints are evident which are described by "strange attractors". Phase space representations of chaotic systems, or strange attractors, usually reveal fractal (FRACTALS) self-similarity across time scales. Natural, including biological, systems often display nonlinear dynamics and chaos.
Voluntary authorization, by a patient or research subject, with full comprehension of the risks involved, for diagnostic or investigative procedures, and for medical and surgical treatment.

Decolorization and detoxification of extraction-stage effluent from chlorine bleaching of kraft pulp by Rhizopus oryzae. (1/473)

Rhizopus oryzae, a zygomycete, was found to decolorize, dechlorinate, and detoxify bleach plant effluent at lower cosubstrate concentrations than the basidiomycetes previously investigated. With glucose at 1 g/liter, this fungus removed 92 to 95% of the color, 50% of the chemical oxygen demand, 72% of the adsorbable organic halide, and 37% of the extractable organic halide in 24 h at temperatures of 25 to 45 degrees C and a pH of 3 to 5. Even without added cosubstrate the fungus removed up to 78% of the color. Monomeric chlorinated aromatic compounds were removed almost completely, and toxicity to zebra fish was eliminated. The fungal mycelium could be immobilized in polyurethane foam and used repeatedly to treat batches of effluent. The residue after treatment was not further improved by exposure to fresh R. oryzae mycelium.  (+info)

Toxicity of combustion products from burning polymers: development and evaluation of methods. (2/473)

Laboratory and room-scale experiments were conducted with natural and synthetic polymers: cotton, paper, wood, wool, acetate, acrylic, nylon, and urethane. Smoke and off-gases from single materials were generated in a dual-compartment 110-liter exposure chamber. Multicomponent, composite fuel loads were burned within a 100 m(3) facility subdivided into rooms. In chamber experiments, mortality depended on the amount of material burned, i.e., fuel consumption (FC). Conventional dose (FC)/mortality curves were obtained, and the amount of fuel required to produce 50% mortality (FC(50)) was calculated. With simple flame ignition, cotton was the only material that produced smoke concentrations lethal to rats; FC(50) values for cotton ranged from 2 g to 9 g, depending on the configuration of the cotton sample burned. When supplemental conductive heat was added to flame ignition, the following FC(50) values were obtained; nylon, 7 g; acrylic, 8 g; newsprint, 9 g; cotton, 10 g; and wood, 11 g. Mortality resulting from any given material depended upon the specific conditions employed for its thermal decomposition. Toxicity of off-gasses from pyrolysis of phosphorus-containing trimethylol propane-polyurethane foams was markedly decreased by addition of a flame ignition source. Further studies are needed to determine the possible relevance of single-material laboratory scale smoke toxicity experiments. Room-scale burns were conducted to assess the relative contributions of single materials to toxicity of smoke produced by a multicomponent self-perpetuating fire. Preliminary results suggest that this approach permits a realistic evaluation of the contribution of single materials to the toxicity of smoke from residential fires.  (+info)

Diagnosis of rickettsial diseases using samples dried on blotting paper. (3/473)

The use of filter paper is an inexpensive and convenient method for collecting, storing, and transporting blood samples for serological studies. In addition, samples occupy little space and can be readily transported without refrigeration. Rickettsial diseases often evolve according to an epidemic mode and are now considered reemerging diseases, especially in developing countries, under conditions where fieldwork could be difficult. The suitability of collecting whole-blood specimens on filter paper discs for rickettsial antibody assay was evaluated. Dried blood specimens from 64 individuals with antibodies to Coxiella burnetii, Bartonella quintana, or Rickettsia conorii were tested for rickettsial antibodies by microimmunofluorescence. Although occasional titers were 1 or 2 dilutions lower than those of tested serum samples, no statistically significant differences were observed. Among patients with negative serology, no false positives were found. This study demonstrated that the recovery of antibodies from finger-stick blood dried on filter paper after elution produces results comparable to those obtained by recovering antibodies from serum. Storing paper samples for 1 month at room temperature or at 4 degrees C did not significantly affect the level of antibodies recovered. This report shows the utility of this sample collection method in developing countries where refrigeration is not possible and venipuncture is problematic.  (+info)

Airways inflammation among workers in a paper industry. (4/473)

Exposure to organic dusts may cause airways inflammation in a large proportion of exposed persons. Most studies have relied on questionnaires and spirometry for diagnosis. To assess the possibility of determining the presence of inflammation using clinical diagnostic procedures, a study was undertaken among workers in a paper industry. Participants were 83 workers and 44 controls. Airborne endotoxin and (1-->3)-beta-D-glucan levels at the worksites were determined. The effects of this exposure were evaluated using a questionnaire, spirometry and measurements of airway responsiveness (methacholine) and levels of eosinophil cationic protein (ECP), myeloperoxidase (MPO), and C-reactive protein (CRP) in serum. The workers had a decreased baseline forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) and an increased airway responsiveness compared with controls. The concentrations of ECP and MPO were elevated compared with controls. There was a relation between exposure to endotoxin and (1-->3)-beta-D-glucan and airway responsiveness as well as ECP levels, when controlling for age, sex, smoking habits, atopy and asthma. The results suggest an increased prevalence of subjective respiratory symptoms, and an increased airway responsiveness among exposed workers. There was also a relationship between the serum concentration of eosinophil cationic protein and airway responsiveness. Taken together, the results suggest the presence of airways inflammation in the workers.  (+info)

Screening of folate status with use of dried blood spots on filter paper. (5/473)

BACKGROUND: Dried blood spots (DBS) on filter paper have been a successful and economical matrix for neonatal screening. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to develop and evaluate an optimized method for DBS folate analysis and to assess DBS folate stability. DESIGN: DBS were eluted from paper by sonication in 5 g ascorbic acid/L containing 0.1% (by vol) Triton X-100 and hemoglobin folate values (HF; as pmol/g) were calculated from DBS eluate folate and hemoglobin concentrations. RESULTS: Over 95% of DBS folate was eluted during a standardized sonication cycle and DBS folate assay reproducibility was acceptable both within (CV: <8%) and between (CV: <9%) runs. HF means (+/-1 SD) from finger-stick DBS and conventional venous methods were 2513 +/- 1144 and 2607 +/- 1195 pmol/g, respectively, in blood samples taken concurrently from 80 donors, and they correlated well (r = 0.97, P < 0.001). HF values and erythrocyte folate measures may be interconverted by using the mean cell hemoglobin concentration. CONCLUSION: The DBS matrix has potential as an inexpensive and practical option for folate screening studies.  (+info)

Dried plasma spot measurements of ferritin and transferrin receptor for assessing iron status. (6/473)

BACKGROUND: Efforts to reduce the high global prevalence of nutritional anemia require the use of both reliable laboratory assays to distinguish iron deficiency from other causes of anemia and cost-effective methods for collection of blood specimens under field conditions. The suitability of using small plasma samples spotted and dried on filter paper for measurements of plasma ferritin and transferrin receptor was evaluated in the present study. METHODS: Blood specimens obtained from 73 male and 83 female subjects (19-40 years) representing a wide range of iron status were used to perform parallel measurements of plasma ferritin and transferrin receptor on whole plasma and spotted plasma samples. RESULTS: Ratio plots, evaluating the acceptability and precision of the spot method in ferritin and transferrin receptor assays, showed the expected proportion of data points within the 95% prediction interval. In the composite group of 156 subjects, both the whole plasma and plasma spot methods gave a geometric mean transferrin receptor/ferritin ratio of 18. The regression equation for the ratio was logy = 1.045 logx - 0.05126; r = 0.986; P <0.0001. The ratio of transferrin receptor/ferritin determined from plasma spots correctly identified all 12 subjects with iron deficiency anemia compared with 11 of the 12 for whole plasma measurements. CONCLUSIONS: Measurements of ferritin and transferrin receptor on plasma spotted and dried on filter paper are comparable to whole plasma values for the identification of iron deficiency anemia. The use of dried plasma spots will facilitate the collection, storage, and transport of samples in epidemiological studies of anemia prevalence.  (+info)

Exhaled nitric oxide among pulpmill workers reporting gassing incidents involving ozone and chlorine dioxide. (7/473)

The aim of the study was to investigate whether measurement of nitric oxide in exhaled air could be used for assessing the effects of irritants on the respiratory system, in this case recurrent ozone gassing in an occupational setting. The study population comprised bleachery workers (n=56) from a Swedish pulpmill carrying out ozone-based pulp bleaching since 1992 and controls (n=39). Both groups were investigated by measuring NO in exhaled air, methacholine challenge test and answers to a questionnaire concerning history of respiratory symptoms and accidental exposure to ozone peaks. There was no significant difference in NO output between exposed subjects and controls (median 67.2 versus 55.0 nL x min(-1), p=0.64). However, among bleachery workers reporting ozone gassings, the median NO output was 90.0 nL x min(-1) compared to 58.8 nL x min(-1) among those not reporting such incidents (p=0.019). There was no relation between exhaled NO and the prevalence of respiratory symptoms or bronchial hyperresponsiveness. In a multiple regression model, only reported ozone gassings were associated (p=0.016) with NO output. The results indicate an association between previous response to ozone gassing and nitric oxide output. The increased nitric oxide output among the bleachery workers reporting peak ozone exposure may indicate that chronic airway inflammation is present. Further studies are needed to evaluate the extent to which nitric oxide can be used for biological monitoring of respiratory health effects, and to relate it to other markers of airway inflammation.  (+info)

Evaluation of filter paper blood lead methods: results of a pilot proficiency testing program. (8/473)

BACKGROUND: Lead testing on dried filter paper (FP) blood spots is used routinely by some laboratories for lead poisoning screening. Proficiency testing (PT) as required under CLIA '88 laboratory regulations has not been available for these methods. METHODS: We describe a suitable PT scheme and evaluate FP laboratory performance based on program results. Monthly testing events consisting of five FP specimens were provided to six participating laboratories. Results were evaluated against target values determined by referee laboratories. RESULTS: Preliminary FP laboratory results showed poor agreement with specimen target values, exhibiting a mean absolute bias of 0.29 micromol/L (5.9 microg/dL). Five of six participating laboratories demonstrated significant improvement in later testing events, with bias decreasing to 0.12 micromol/L (2.5 microg/dL). Performance varied widely between the participating laboratories and appeared to be method dependent. When evaluated using CLIA blood lead acceptability criteria, the proportion of acceptable individual specimen results (n = 35) ranged from 54% to 100%. On a testing event basis (n = 7), the proportion of acceptable events ranged from 29% to 100%. CONCLUSIONS: A suitable FP PT program now exists to capably assist and monitor FP laboratories. Based on overt PT results, properly utilized FP testing methods can accurately measure blood lead concentration.  (+info)

Demand for SAP is expected to be high in Asia Pacific due to growing end-use industries in countries such as China and India. Asia Pacific is anticipated to be the fastest growing market during the forecast period. Superabsorbent polymers are used on a large scale by the hygiene products industry in developed regions such as North America. North America is the largest market for superabsorbent polymers, followed by Europe. Europe accounted for more than 25% share of the global volume of superabsorbent polymers in 2013. Asia Pacific also accounted for approximately one fourth of the global superabsorbent polymers market in 2013. The SAP market in Asia Pacific is expected to be fastest growing, expanding at a CAGR of 5.4% between 2014 and 2020. Rest of the World, including the Middle East and Africa, is likely to be the second-fastest growing market for superabsorbent polymers during the forecast period ...
We detail a method to fabricate three-dimensional paper-based microfluidic devices for use in the development of immunoassays. Our...
A process for making an absorbent fibrous web composite including a stable, controllable dispersion of superabsorbent polymer is provided. A pre-formed web, desirably including cellulose fibers and, optionally, thermoplastic fibers is provided. First and second superabsorbent polymer precursor compositions are added to the fibrous web using separate streams. The first and second superabsorbent polymer precursor compositions combine with each other and chemically react on or in the fibrous web, to form a superabsorbent polymer which sticks to the surface of the fibrous web.
An absorbent article comprises a backsheet and an absorbent layer, where the absorbent layer comprises a support substrate and a superabsorbent polymer composition positioned adjacent to the substrate. The absorbent layer may also include an additional substrate, and the article may additionally include a topsheet. The superabsorbent polymer composition comprises a water-soluble ionic polymer capable of sufficient non-radiative crosslinking within about 10 minutes at a temperature of about 120 C. or less to reach an absorbent capacity of at least 1 g/g as measured by the Centrifuge Retention Capacity Test. In addition, the absorbent layer is restretched. The result is an absorbent article which exhibits improved performance as well as greater comfort and confidence among the user.
Discusses the fundamental aspects of structure-property relationships in superabsorbent polymers, including network modeling and compressibility of ionic gels. Describes methods of preparation and specification of superabsorbents. Presents novel methods of preparation resulting in absorbent polymers with advanced properties. Examines emerging applications of superabsorbent polymers in the construction, agriculture, food, leisure, and communications industries.
Succeeding in price and quality competition is not possible on a domestic basis alone. Adjusting to globalization is vital for the Finnish pulp and paper industry. Expanding production to other continents is indispensable so that the future competitiveness of domestic production can also be ensured. Finnish industry cannot respond to the needs of customers around the world on a domestic basis alone.. Succeeding in global competition is just as indispensable for the Finnish forest industries now as internationalization and the resulting consolidation and strong growth were a few decades ago. If bold steps had not been taken then, in all probability the Finnish forest industries would today consist of subsidiary mills directed from head offices abroad, more likely to shrink than to grow.. The operating model for the global paper industry in the coming years is quite clear. Pulp mills will be built in South America and Russia. Paper and board machines will be located in Asia, especially China. In ...
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A simple filter paper method was developed for, the transport and storage of monoclonal antibodies (Mabs) at room temperature or -20°C after spotting on filter paper, for subsequent serotyping of outer membrane antigens of N.meningitidis by dot-blot ELISA. Monoclonal antibodies (Mabs) were spotted within a 0.5-1 cm diameter area of Whatman grade 903 paper, which were stored individually at room temperature or at -20°C. These MAbs were stored and analyzed after periods of one week, 4 weeks, 12 months, or 13 years in the case of frozen Mab aliquots, or after 4 weeks at -20°C or at room temperature (RT) in the case of Mabs dried on filter paper strips. Assays were performed in parallel using dot-blot ELISA. In addition to the MAbs specific for serotyping class 1, 2 or 3, we used a larger number of Mabs for polysaccharides, lipooligosaccharides (LOS), class 5 and cross-reactive antigens for native outer membrane of N.meningitidis. The Mabs dried on filter paper were eluted with phosphate-buffered saline
A superabsorbent polymer having improved absorption under pressure and fast absorption rate is obtained by first providing a solution containing carboxylic acid monomers or water soluble salts thereof, and a crosslinking agent. A carbonate blowing agent and a polymerization initiator are added, individually or in combination, to the solution to form a carbonated monomer solution. A polymerization initiator is then added to the carbonated monomer solution which is then polymerized at temperatures ranging from about 0 C. to about 130 C., forming a microcellular hydrogel. The microcellular hydrogel is chopped or ground into gel pieces having a particle diameter ranging from about 0.1 mm to about 5.0 cm. The gel pieces are dried at temperatures ranging from about 85 C. to about 210 C., and are then ground to form a polymer having a particle size of from about 0.05 mm to about 5.0 mm. A mixture is formed from 100 parts by weight of the polymer and about 0.001 to about 30 parts by weight of a surface
The global Superabsorbent Polymers Procurement Intelligence Report Forecasts Spend Growth of over USD 3 billion between 2020-2024
The global Superabsorbent Polymers Market was valued at USD 6.06 billion in 2013 and is anticipated to reach USD 8.78 billion by 2020, growing at a CAGR of 5.5% between 2014 and 2020
The report covers forecast and analysis for the Superabsorbent Polymers market on a global and regional level. The study provides historic data of 2015 along with a forecast from 2016 to 2021 based on volume and revenue (USD Million).
The superabsorbent polymer market is analyzed to grow at a CAGR of 8% over the forecast timeframe. – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 907d21-N2ExN
Global Biodegradable Superabsorbent Material Market is expected to reach USD 190 million by 2024, according to a new report by Grand View Research, Inc. Significant usage of bio-based, high-performance absorption polymers in adult incontinence products, disposable diapers, and agriculture applications is likely to boost the industry growth over the forecast period. Furthermore, feminine hygiene sector is anticipated to provide unique opportunities for these environment-friendly polymers over the next few years.. The demand for biodegradable superabsorbent polymers was 42 kilo tons in 2015 and is projected to witness robust growth in numerous applications owing to its superior absorption rate, biodegradability, and biocompatibility with the human skin. In addition, companies are focusing on innovation to develop water retaining polymeric compounds in agricultural applications as well. Companies such as Exotech Bio Solutions Ltd. and Itaconix Corporation manufacture eco-friendly superabsorbent ...
Pulp & Paper Industry Trade Shows worldwide listed in alphabetical order by country. Overview of 43 Pulp & Paper Industry Trade Shows in 17 Ländern auf der Weltkarte und weitere branchenverwandte Messen.
Paper-based microfluidic devices offer much promise for instrument-free medical diagnostics that can perform complex analytical functions while being easy to manipulate and use. Such devices require miniaturized power sources that are compatible with the paper technology and can be disposed of with minimum environmental impact. Esquivel et al. explore the use of fuel cells for powering such devices. They have developed a microfluidic fuel cell that exploits the capillary flow in the paper test strip without requiring external pumps. Both the KOH electrolyte and the methanol fuel are stored within the paper strip; when water is added, the fuel cell starts to generate power. The proof-of-concept prototypes reported by the authors meet the power needs of commercially available rapid tests that are powered by button-cell batteries. Integrated with a lateral flow test, the fuel cells can use the sample under analysis (e.g., blood) to generate the power needed for the analysis itself (e.g., glucose ...
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Oakes, JM and Ross, DJ and Eyre, BD (2013) Processing of Particulate Organic Carbon Associated with Secondary-Treated Pulp and Paper Mill Effluent in Intertidal Sediments: A 13C Pulse-chase Experiment. Environmental Science and Technology, 47 (23). pp. 13258-13265. ISSN 1520-5851 ...
Where Are We? North American Industry Context ~  Mature, largely commodity industry ~ slow growth & struggling in current economic downturn…  Recession driving down grade demand ~ for now…  After a relatively strong upturn ~ in pricing, investments and shareholder returns ~ this current downturn is dramatic…  Grade prices are strong for now ~ but starting to fall…  Cost pressures from market pulp, natural gas, oil, pulpwood and recovered paper are easing rapidly ~ for now…  Credit crisis/ recession / have created very difficult environment for capital intensive, mature commodity industry like the paper industry…
A World Economic Forum publication in collaboration with industry The European paper industry was invited to collaborate with the World Economic Forum (the Forum), the Ellen MacArthur Foundation and the McKinsey Center for Business and Environment on Circular Economy to produce a white paper with guidelines on design and management for circularity. The new publication provides essential guidance to all actors in the supply chain through simple ecodesign rules for paper products, without limiting innovation and the introduction of new techniques. This is a product of the three pilots under Project MainStream, launched during the 2014 summit in Davos.. We trust helping circular thinking in all steps of the complex value chain will help reach higher in what is already a high recycling performance, said CEPI Sustainability Director Jori Ringman, one of the draftsmen of the guidance, in a panel discussion on the feasibility of higher recycling rates at the Packaging and Sustainability event in ...
Bioavailability, exposure status and ecotoxicological effects of pulp and paper mill effluent (BKME) -contaminated sediments were studied in the recipient area of a pulp and paper mill and at reference areas in Southern Lake Saimaa, Finland. By dissolution of contaminants into water-sediment elutriate and uptake to feral and laboratory-exposed benthic invertebrates. Additionally, genomic and biotransformation effects of resin acids (RAs) on brown trout were investigated. Differences in biotransformation between fish species was done by measuring RAs in the bile. To compare responses of RA exposed fish to lake conditions, a caging experiment with brown trout was conducted in Southern Lake Saimaa. Finally, exposure status of perch and roach populations was investigated after occurrence of a black liquor spill in June 2003 from a pulp and paper mill in the Southern Lake Saimaa area. Dissolution of RAs and wood sterols (WS) from BKME-sediment into the water phase indicated their potential ...
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Electron microscopy for the pulp and paper industry. . Biblioteca virtual para leer y descargar libros, documentos, trabajos y tesis universitarias en PDF. Material universiario, documentación y tareas realizadas por universitarios en nuestra biblioteca. Para descargar gratis y para leer online.
Becker UK is a wholly owned subsidiary and sole distributor of Becker vacuum pumps, compressors, side channel blowers and spare parts in the UK. Find out more. Printing and Paper Industry
Technical Association of the Pulp & Paper Industry (TAPPI) - Find your next career at TAPPI / PIMA Career Center. Check back frequently as new jobs are posted every day.
Technical Association of the Pulp & Paper Industry (TAPPI) - Find your next career at TAPPI / PIMA Career Center. Check back frequently as new jobs are posted every day.
List of Environmental Risk Management companies, manufacturers and suppliers for the Pulp and Paper industry in China on Environmental Management - Environmental XPRT
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A recent e-book published turns the spotlight on the market of chemical products used in the pulp and paper industry, assuming its global volumes could have reached the amount of 58 million tons in 2015 thanks to the rising demand in such regions as Asia-Pacific and Latin America.
Purchase Handbook of Pollution Prevention and Cleaner Production Vol. 2: Best Practices in the Wood and Paper Industries - 1st Edition. Print Book & E-Book. ISBN 9780080964461, 9781437778335
食品、饮料与营养保健品 (Nippon Paper Industries Co., Ltd.) | 食品、饮料与营养保健品 一站式进行配方,数据表,物质安全数据表搜索,产品特性和样品申请 -- 免费使用
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An absorbent structure made at least in part from a superabsorbent material having a retention capacity (CRC) as determined by a Centrifuge Retention Capacity Test of at least about 25 g/g and a free swell gel bed permeability (GBP) as determined by a Free Swell Gel Bed Permeability Test of at least 575 10−9 cm2. In another embodiment, the absorbent structure is made at least in part from a superabsorbent material having a retention capacity (CRC) as determined by a Centrifuge Retention Capacity Test of at least about 25 g/g, an absorbency under load (AUL) at 0.9 psi as determined by an Absorbency Under Load Test of at least 18 and a free swell gel bed permeability (GBP) as determined by a Free Swell Gel Bed Permeability Test of at least about 350 10−9 cm2.
Permission to publish, reproduce, distribute, or use by any and all other current or future developed methods or procedures must be obtained in writing from Special Collections, The University of Texas at Arlington Library. All rights are reserved and retained regardless of current or future development or laws that may apply to fair use standards.. Return to the Table of Contents. ...
Mr O was diagnosed in February 2016 at age 72. Mesothelioma is an aggressive type of cancer that is almost entirely caused by exposure to asbestos…
|p|Mextra|sup|®|/sup| Superabsorbent addresses three of the important features of a superabsorbent dressing. High absorption capacity|sup|1,2,|/sup| high retention capacity|sup|1|/sup| and excellent conformability|sup|3|/sup|.  Mex
Sports doping in both humans and animals is a widespread problem. Paper spray is a direct ionization technique that simplifies the mass spectrometric analysis of compounds from physiological fluids, making it an attractive method for clinical research and forensic toxicology applications. In this work, methamphetamine and other stimulant drugs were spiked in horse urine to demonstrate the potential of the technique to monitor sport doping in horse racing. Paper spray ionization presents chall
Science GK ,General Knowledge | ,Current Gk is platform where you can read all kind of exam Papers/Model papers/Sample papers/history/quiz questions answers/Objective Questions/multiple choice question 2017
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Whatman™ Qualitative Filter Paper: Grade 4 Circles Diameter: 27mm Whatman™ Qualitative Filter Paper: Grade 4 Circles Qualitative Filter Paper
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Mortality among workers in the Finnish pulp and paper industry was evaluated in a retrospective cohort study of 3520 workers who had been employed continuously for at least one year between 1945 and 1961. Six subcohorts were formed according to six work areas: sulphite, sulphate, paper, and board mills, maintenance department, and power plant. National mortality rates were used for comparison. The mortality of a cohort of 1290 sawmill workers was also studied in order to have a socially, geographically, and occupationally similar group without the exposures typical of the pulp and paper industry for comparison. Smoking habits were surveyed. Mortality was followed up until 31 December 1981. Overall mortality for the entire cohort did not differ from that expected (1044 obs, 1029.4 exp, SMR 101), but there was an excess of deaths from diseases of the circulatory system among the men (489 obs, 404.9 exp, SMR 121). This was due to the excess of deaths from ischaemic heart disease found among the men ...
Superabsorbent Polymers Market (Sodium Polyacrylate, Polyacrylamide Copolymer and Others) for Baby Diapers, Adult Incontinence Products, Feminine Hygiene Products and Other Applications: Global Industry Perspective, Comprehensive Analysis and Forecast 2014 - 2020
According to the invention, a device for detecting counterfeit paper currency is provided which utilizes the characteristic fluorescence of genuine paper currency to detect counterfeit paper currency. An ultraviolet lamp illuminates the paper currency of unknown origin which the currency is placed on a stage held in fixed relationship to the ultraviolet lamp by a housing. A sensor circuit responds to the fluorescent radiation from the paper currency to give a signal to an indicator which displays an indication of the fluorescence of the unknown paper currency relative to genuine paper currency. The sensor is a photoresistor and the indicator is a variable intensity light or a digital display.
FRET Mei J, Li Y-T, Zhang H, Xiao M-M, Ning Y, Zhang Z-Y, Zhang G-J. Molybdenum Disulfide Field-Effect Transistor Biosensor for Ultrasensitive Detection of DNA by Employing Morpholino as Probe. Biosens Bioelectr. 2018;{Epub ahead of print] doi:10.1016/j.bios.2018.03.043 Rosenfeld T, Bercovici M. Amplification-free detection of DNA in a paper-based microfluidic device using electroosmotically balanced isotachophoresis. Lab Chip. 2018 Feb 20. doi: 10.1039/c7lc01250k. [Epub ahead of print] Zeidman Kalman T, Khalandovsky R, Tenenbaum Gonikman E, Bercovici M. Monitoring dissociation kinetics during electrophoretic focusing enables high-specificity nucleic acid detection. Angew Chem. 2018;[Epub ahead of print] doi:10.1002/ange.201711673 Cheung LS, Wei X, Martins D, Song Y-A. Rapid detection of exosomal microRNA biomarkers by electrokinetic concentration for liquid biopsy on chip. Biomicrofluidics. 2018;12:014104. doi:10.1063/1.5009719 Pavlova AS, Dyudeeva ES, Kupryushkin MS, Amirkhanov NV, Pyshnyi DV, ...
Superabsorbent composites based on chitosan-g-poly(acrylamide) and montorillonite (CTS-g-PAAm/MMT) were synthesized through in situ radical polymerization by grafting of crosslinked acrylamide onto chitosan backbone in presence of MMT at different contents. The formation of the grafted network was confirmed by attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), and differential scanning calorimetery (DSC). The obtained porous structure was observed by scanning electron microscope (SEM). The presence of clay and its interaction with chitosan-g-poly(acrylamide) (CTS-g-PAAm) matrix was evidenced by ATR-FTIR analysis. The morphology was investigated by both X-ray diffraction (XRD) and SEM analyses. It was suggested the formation of mostly exfoliated structures with more porous structures. Besides, the thermal stability of these composites, observed by TGA analysis, was slightly affected by the clay loading as compared to the matrix. ...
Chapter 29. Lab VII-2 Detect Cocaine and Methamphetamine on Paper Currency Equipment and Materials Youll need the following items to complete this lab session. (The FK01 Forensic Science Kit for … - Selection from Illustrated Guide to Home Forensic Science Experiments [Book]
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Here we introduce a new ambient ionization technique named laser assisted paper spray ionization mass spectrometry (LAPSI MS). In it, a 532 ± 10 nm, ≤10 mW laser pointer was shone on a triangularly cut paper along with high voltage, to effect ionization. The analyte solution was continuously pushed through a fused silica capillary, using a syringe pump, at a preferred infusion rate. LAPSI MS promises enhanced ionization with high signal intensity of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), which are normally not ionizable with similar ionization methods involving solvent sprays. LAPSI MS works both in positive and negative modes of ionization. A clear enhancement of signal intensity was visualized in the total ion chronogram for most analytes in the presence of the laser. We speculate that the mechanism of ionization is field assisted photoionization. The field-induced distortion of the potential well can be large in paper spray as the fibers comprising the paper are separated at tens of ...
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The International Journal of Polymer Science is a peer-reviewed, Open Access journal that publishes original research articles as well as review articles on the chemistry and physics of macromolecules.
The International Journal of Polymer Science is a peer-reviewed, Open Access journal that publishes original research articles as well as review articles on the chemistry and physics of macromolecules.
Here, we proposed an analytical approach based on the use of a molecularly imprinted polymer-coated paper substrate (MIP-CPS) for paper spray ionization mass spectrometry (PS-MS) to improve its specificity. The new substrate developed was applied to detect and quantify dopamine, sarcosine, and butyric acid i Analytical Chemistry in South America
In Berkeley, residential collection of used paper and cardboard is offered by the City of Berkeley through a contract with the Ecology Center. The Ecology Center services single-family homes and small apartments (9 units or less). Recycling from commercial properties and large apartment buildings (10 units or more) is collected by the City of Berkeley which has their own rules and regulations on collection of cardboard. If you do not reside in Berkeley, it is highly encouraged that you find out who manages your recycling services as rules and regulations do vary.. What does proper cardboard recycling look like? In Berkeley, residential recycling carts have a brown split-top or single-top lid for paper and cardboard recycling. Cardboard needs to easily fit without being wedged into the cart. The top should be able to close. The cardboard needs to easily fall out when tipped upside down. You want to avoid situations where recycling drivers have to manipulate the cardboard inside a cart or force it ...
Unbleached Teabag Filter Paper Used for packing tea as teabag, sanitarian tea, chinese herbal medicine, condiment, and so on. The raw material is the Canada woo...
filter paper - Pengrui Products Made In China, China Manufacturer. Xinji pengrui Filter Paper Co., Ltd. is a leading professional manufacturer in the field of automobile pure wood-pulp filter paper in China . Its products mainly include auto air filter paper, oil filter paper and fuel filter paper. Moreover, the wood pulp we are using is imported from Sweden (NBSK), Chile (Si er-star), USA (HPZ)
19/30394366 DC BS ISO 17190-4. Urine-absorbing aids for incontinence. Polyacrylate superabsorbent powders Part 4. Test method for estimation of the
Download Video How To Make Amazing Car Vending Machine From Cardboard Mp4 & 3gp HD, Download Video How To Make Amazing Car Vending Machine From Cardboard Mp4, Video Mp4 And Video 3GP Latest, Download Video How To Make Amazing Car Vending Machine From Cardboard As mp4 and 3gp video for free from our website to your mobile phones / Desktop Computer. Download Video How To Make Amazing Car Vending Machine From Cardboard, you will love it cos it is really interesting. Download And Enjoy... DOWNLOAD MP4 Video How To Make Amazing Car Vending Machine From Cardboard .mp4 And More Nollywood, Hausa/Kannywood, Yoruba, Nigerian Films/Movies Download Video How To Make Amazing Car Vending Machine From Cardboard.3gp .mp4 .flv .3gpp format.
Plate 1. Contract laborers straighten up Phoenix Pulp and Paper Co.s bamboo yard, Khon Kaen Province, Thailand. Plate 2. Phong River, Khon Kaen Province, downstream from the Phoenix mill. Pipes withdraw water for local villagers use.. Plate 3. Northeastern Regional Environment Office, Khon Kaen City.. Plate 4. Part of the Phoenix mills new wastewater treatment equipment, supplied by the A. Ahlstrom Co., Finland. Plate 5. New air pollution control equipment at Phoenix, built in conjunction with Pulp Mill #2, aided by a USA $108 million interest-free loan from Finlands international development agency.. Plate 6. Banner commemorating the Siam Cellulose Co.s ISO 9002 certification. The company subsequently became the first pulp producer in Thailand to gain ISO 14000 certification.. Plate 7. Project Green, Phoenix Pulp and Paper Co., Khon Kaen Province. Plate 8. Treated waste-water bubbles up from underground pipes at Phoenixs Project Green experimental site. * * *. from David A. ...
BioAssay record AID 1085992 submitted by ChEMBL: Antibacterial activity against Proteus vulgaris at 100 ug/disk after 24 hr by paper disk diffusion method.
Best to stick to shekels if you can. España. Israel Shekel Coins. Currency conversion rates from Israeli Shekel to Australian Dollar today Mon, 18 Jan 2021: convert from ILS to AUD and also convert in a reverse direction. But their exchange rate will not be in your favor. Directory of best currency transfer providers, compare to exchange rates when sending money from Israel The Markets Insider currency calculator offers a currency conversion from Israeli new shekel to United States dollar within seconds. Israel Currency. Its formally called the New Shekel, having replaced the old shekel in 1985. Consequently, its currency has strengthened though less so than an exceptional rise in the Euro and Swiss Franc, rising approximately 20% in value relative to the US dollar from 2001 to 2011, contrasting to weakening in prior decades. The currency code for New Shekels is ILS, and the currency symbol is ₪. Banks and other providers often set their own, unfriendly exchange rates. This currency was ...
0134] Mixed lymphocyte reaction (MLR) was carried out in order to investigate the inhibitory effect of homoisoflavanone against T cell proliferation. When mouse immune cells of different MHC classes are cultured as mixed with each other, the T cells recognize those of different MHC class as antigens and thus proliferate. One-way MLR was performed as follows. Following excision of spleens from BALB/C and C57B/C mice, the cells were individualized and red blood cells were lysed. After irradiation of 25 Gy γ-rays to BALB/C splenocytes to inactivate the BALB/C T cells, the BALB/C and C57B/C splenocytes (5×105 and 2×105 cells each) were mixed in a U-bottom 96-well plate. After treating with homoisoflavanone, the cells were incubated for 56 hours in an incubator of 5% CO2 and 37° C. Then, after further adding 3[H]-thymidine (0.5) to each well, the cells were further incubated for 16 hours. Thereafter, the cells of each well were collected on filter paper and then put in a vial. After adding a ...
Central European type of finished parchment made of goatskin stretched on a wooden frame ( Wikimedia Commons ). Professor Matthew Collins, head of the University of Yorks Department of Archaeologys BioArCh research center, said: We believe the two specimens derive from an unimproved northern hill-sheep typical in Yorkshire in the 17th century, and from a sheep derived from the improved flocks, such as those bred in the Midlands by Robert Bakewell, which were spreading through England in the 18th century. We want to understand the history of agriculture in these islands over the last 1,000 years and, with this breath-taking resource, we can. Writing in The Royal Society Publishing , the researchers estimated there could be 4 million or more ancient parchments in Britain alone because the primary method of inscribing was on parchment until paper replaced parchment in the later Middle Ages, around the 15 th century. Many parchment documents were protected from heat and moisture damage in the ...
Collagen plays an important role in many biological tissues, including skin, which, once dried and treated, forms parchment and leather. The structural alterations that occur in collagenous materials due to X-ray radiation damage, fluctuation of relative humidity, and mechanical deformation (with a special focus on historical parchment) are the focus of this thesis. The primary aim of this thesis is to investigate major structural changes to collagen within parchment when exposed to inappropriate levels of relative humidity during conservation treatments, and cyclic-humidity during long-term storage in archives, museums and libraries. This study led to the discovery that each parchment sample reacted to the application and removal of moisture in a different way, indicating the fundamental need to treat individual parchment documents as in-homogeneous materials. This thesis investigates the changes that fibrillar collagen undergoes and describes the creation of computational models capable of ...
This study was performed to evaluate the effect of paper property changes by internal addition of surface strength agent on printability. Advances in printing technique has required the development of paper qualities in many aspects. Basically paper structure is composed of hydrogen bonds which induce many problems in high speed printing machine because of weak bonding strength. One of the important printing problems is surface picking when mechanical pulp or recycled pulp are used. It was caused by the ink-stained blanket in printing process because accumulations of pollutant in white water and other elements which are bonded weakly or do not have hydrogen bonds. Debris at paper surface adheres to blanket which deteriorates printing efficiency and causes various problems. To complement these problems, Pennocel 5137 of polysaccharide structure was used as an agent to improve papers surface property, strength and printability. Paper surface picking was analyzed by RI-1 test. As the dosage amount ...
Biosensing paper attracts increasing attention due to its benefits of being simple, visible, portable and useful for detecting various contaminants, pathogens and toxins. While there has been no bioactive paper commercialized since glucose paper strips developed in the fifties, many research groups are working to immobilize biomolecules on paper to achieve a bioactive paper that is affordable and has good shelf life. The goal of this research is to develop some highly useful bioactive paper that could, for example, measure blood glucose, or immediately detect and simultaneously deactivate pathogens such as neuraminidase and E.coli. Previously, bioactive paper was produced either through physically absorbing biorecognition elements or printing bio-ink onto paper substrate. Our methodology for fabrication of bioactive paper strips is compatible with existing paper making process and includes three procedures: the fabrication of microcapsules, enzyme or antibody microencapsulation, immobilization ...
Deposition samples are collected using a device placed outdoors, specifically designed for this purpose. Samples are being collected on a continuous basis in eight localities around Finland. In addition, there are deposition collection stations in the vicinity of nuclear power plants.. The collection area is 0.05 or 0.07 square metres, and wet and dry depositions are not separated. In Helsinki, there is an extra device with a larger collection area that separates wet and dry depositions. The devices used in the vicinity of nuclear power plants are also large in area.. Some of the deposition collection stations are operated by the Defence Forces or the Finnish Meteorological Institute, and two stations are operated by the Frontier Guard. STUK collects samples in Helsinki and Rovaniemi, the cities where it is present.. In this context, deposition refers to radioactive materials that have fallen to the ground or water from air. Deposition may come with rain (wet deposition) or as dry deposition. ...
Background In large-scale epidemiology, bloodspot sampling by fingerstick onto filter paper has many advantages, including ease and low costs of collection, processing and transport. We describe the development of an enzyme-linked immunoassay (ELISA) for quantifying insulin from dried blood spots and demonstrate its application in a large trial. Methods We adapted an existing commercial kit (Mercodia Human Insulin ELISA, 10-1113-01) to quantify insulin from two 3-mm diameter discs (≈6 µL of blood) punched from whole blood standards and from trial samples. Paediatricians collected dried blood spots in a follow-up of 13,879 fasted children aged 11.5 years (interquartile range 11.3-11.8 years) from 31 trial sites across Belarus. We quantified bloodspot insulin levels and examined their distribution by demography and anthropometry. Results Mean intra-assay (n = 157) coefficients of variation were 15% and 6% for low (6.7 mU/L) and high (23.1 mU/L) values, respectively; the respective inter-assay
...JUPITER Fla. Feb. 22 2011 /- Dyadic International Inc...Brian Murdoch Dyadics Senior Director Sales & Technical Developm...Specific attributes of FibreZyme® G200 include the followi... New Production Platform ...,Dyadic,International,Launches,High,Performance,Enzyme,for,Pulp,and,Paper,Industry,Using,New,C1,Production,Platform,biological,advanced biology technology,biology laboratory technology,biology device technology,latest biology technology
Clarcel® and Randafil™ can be used as functional additives in many markets, such as paint, plastic or paper industry.. The outstanding properties of diatomite and perlite make them remarkable functional additives, over and above their role in filtration applications. They are graded and selected on the basis of their particle size and whiteness.. Their particle size ranges are particularly suited to both waterborne and solvent-based paint formulations.. These functional additives impart a matte look to the paint, extend its lifetime, and improve its application qualities.. Clarcel® and Randafil™ are also used in polyethylene film manufacture as antiblocking agents. They are also used to enhance the mechanical properties of certain polymers.. In the paper industry, they improve the printability of paper, and are also used as dispersing agents and opacifying agents.. The purity and high porosity of diatomite and perlite make them top-grade ingredients for the manufacture of cosmetics and ...
The international conference on the paper industry, PaperCon 2010, was held April 2-5 in Atlanta, Georgia, where nearly 1300 attendees gathered to learn the latest developments in areas such as papermaking, coating, and broader issues such as innovation, leadership, and sustainability. The broader issues are handled in the 1/3 of the program managed by PIMA, the Paper Industry Management Association, and I had the privilege of being the PIMA Programming Chair for 2010, working with a terrific team of people to bring in a series of great speakers. TAPPI.org shows details of the PIMA track. I was especially interested in our Carbon Management track, where we had a lineup of experts giving us insights into trends and challenges the industry will face. These speakers included Marilyn Brown, the Nobel laureate from Georgia Tech; Don Carli of The Institute for Sustainable Communication; Don Brown of Agenda 2020, Ben Thorp, a former industry executive widely recognized for his expertise in biofuels ...
Enzyme-Assisted Mechanical Fibrillation of Bleached Spruce Kraft Pulp to Produce Well-Dispersed and Uniform-Sized Cellulose Nanofibrils. Huiyang Bian,a,b Guanlian Li,a Liang Jiao,a Zhihuai Yu,a and Hongqi Dai a,*. Cellulose nanofibrils (CNFs) are bionanomaterials with many promising properties and great potential in composite applications. Herein, well-dispersed and uniform-sized cellulose nanofibrils were successfully obtained from commercially bleached softwood kraft pulp, resulting in yields of 79.15% via enzyme-assisted hydrolysis and subsequent homogenization. Field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM) confirmed the fiber morphology. The water retention value (WRV) was increased from 107% of original pulp to 1384% of the resulting CNFs, while crystallinity had no significant changes. Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy indicated that enzymes degraded a portion of hemicelluloses and residual lignin. CNFs subjected to enzymatic treatment and homogenization had a less ...
Airborne silica dust (quartz) is common in coal mines and represents a respiratory hazard that can lead to silicosis, a potentially fatal lung disease. With an eye toward developing a portable monitoring device for rapid analysis of silica dust, laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) was used to quantify quartz in coal dust samples collected on filter media. Pure silica [Min-U-Sil(TM) 5], Geo
Introduction. Sappi Saiccor, situated near Durban, South Africa, is one of the few pulp mills that still partially use calcium bisulphite as the base for the acid bisulphite pulping process. This process produces a high-grade cellulose pulp but significant volumes of effluent waste are also generated, which are discharged to sea via a 7 km pipeline. Environmental regulations require that effluent reductions are made and therefore Saiccor has embarked on an investigation of the effluent itself.. Research on the effluent has shown it to contain the lignan isomer syringaresinol, as the major constituent, some lignin-type precursors, fatty acids, sugars and lignosulphonates (Moodley et al., 2003). The aim of this project was to oxidise the effluent to produce value-added products that could be extracted for commercial purposes, thereby reducing the amount of effluent pumped out to sea as waste, as well as investigating the use of electro-oxidation as a means of reducing the organic content of the ...
Currency is validated by comparing identifying information extracted from the currency, such as a serial number associated with the currency, to identifying information in a list corresponding to invalid currency, such as counterfeit currency. If the extracted identifying information matches identifying information on the list, the currency is deemed invalid. A photograph or thumbprint image can be obtained by a person using the invalid currency to help in later identification of that individual. Optical character recognition techniques can be used to extract the identifying information.
Topping off a weekend of surreal news is the announcement from the Central Bank of Zimbabwe that the country is now evaluating introducing a gold-backed Zimbabwean dollar, and, in keeping with the Salvador Dali feel to the past 48 hours, that the days of the US dollar as the worlds reserve currency are numbered. Yes. Zimbabwe, the same place that two years ago sported a brand new crisp Z$100 trillion bill. What is just as odd is that this news comes less than a week after Irans President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad criticized US economic policies, saying that the paper currency created by the American government is taking a heavy toll on the global economy. While Zimbabwe, which now transacts almost exclusively in foreign currencies such as the USD and the South African Rand, is actively considering ways to return its own currency into circulation, the man who has up to now served as an inspiration and a role model to Ben Bernanke, Gideon Gono, said the country should consider adopting a gold-backed
Discover a broad vary of sustainable, sturdy and protective packaging services adapted to your wants. An educated packaging specialist works with a buyer to determine the power required for the corrugated cardboard container being deliberate. The method begins by making corrugated board on a corrugating line, a protracted sequence of linked machines totaling the dimensions of a football area.. After being glued, the cardboard can be conveyed to be shaped and collected to be auto calculated because the preconcert amount and auto mark withouot stopping manufacturing, construction: Management unit, paper feeding unit, paper switch unit, glue spreading unit, forming unit, accumulating unit. Cardboard or cardboard field manufacturing enterprise is a profitable enterprise within the USA, particularly with the ever-growing e-commerce shops. GMS Internationals is Chinas main skilled provider and producer of corrugated machines.. When the recent paper passes between the corrugating rolls, flutes lure ...
Materials and methods: Six root canal medicaments: 2% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl), 2% chlorhexidine (CHX) Calcium hydroxide (Ca(OH)2), EDTA, MTAD and propolis and three microorganisms: Staphylococcus aureus, Enterococcus faecalis and Candida albicans were used. These strains were inoculated in brain heart infusion (BHI) and incubated at 37 degrees C for 24 hours. For the agar diffusion test (ADT), petri plates with 20 ml of BHI agar were inoculated with 0.1 ml of the microbial suspensions, using sterile swabs that were spread on the medium, obtaining growth injunction. Paper disks were immersed in the experimental solutions for 1 minute. Subsequently, four papers disks containing one of the substances were placed on the BHI agar surface in each agar plate. The plates were incubated at 37°C for 48 hours. The diameter of microbial inhibition was measured around the papers disks containing the substances. One way ANOVA followed by Tukeys post-hoc test were used. p-value ,0.05 was considered ...
Materials and methods: Six root canal medicaments: 2% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl), 2% chlorhexidine (CHX) Calcium hydroxide (Ca(OH)2), EDTA, MTAD and propolis and three microorganisms: Staphylococcus aureus, Enterococcus faecalis and Candida albicans were used. These strains were inoculated in brain heart infusion (BHI) and incubated at 37 degrees C for 24 hours. For the agar diffusion test (ADT), petri plates with 20 ml of BHI agar were inoculated with 0.1 ml of the microbial suspensions, using sterile swabs that were spread on the medium, obtaining growth injunction. Paper disks were immersed in the experimental solutions for 1 minute. Subsequently, four papers disks containing one of the substances were placed on the BHI agar surface in each agar plate. The plates were incubated at 37°C for 48 hours. The diameter of microbial inhibition was measured around the papers disks containing the substances. One way ANOVA followed by Tukeys post-hoc test were used. p-value ,0.05 was considered ...
Our forms are offered to give you an idea of what Domestic Relations Court documents look like.The topic is important since marital happiness is one of the pillars of maintaining a high quality of life.Incomplete forms, as well as forms that are improperly filled out, may delay the grant of your divorce Even if it is a friendly divorce, you should talk to a lawyer before you sign any settlement papers or file anything in court.
A hand-held printing calculator for printing calculating results on elongated paper strips from a bundle of paper strips disposed within the calculator is provided. The calculator includes a microprinter having a paper feeding assembly including feeding elements disposed before and after the print position and in the same plane as the advancing paper for maintaining the paper flat during printing. In another embodiment of the invention, a detection sensor detects the absence of a paper strip at the print position for generating a signal for feeding the next paper strip so that paper is continuously fed to the print position.
SEAWEED IS AN frequent MIRACLESeaweed is an terrene miracle. The benefits of including seaweeds optimal provisions into your fooling ali custodyt be epic: incr peace of mind longevity, deepen resistive functioning, resurgence of the cardiovascular, endocrine, digestive, and dying(p) arrangings, and residual from pocket-size aches and pains. No applaud seaweed has been wear step forward of the traditionalistic fast of solely coastal cultures, including the concourse of Ja goat god, Korea, China, Iceland, Denmark, Wales, Scotland, Hawaii, and the sulphur pacific Islands, and both the pack who had oc loving loving loving cupfulfulation tangencys with the coastal cultures. whole seawidows weeds argon lofty in fiber. Those in the blue-brown family hand everywhere large amounts of alginic acid as advantageously. from each adept seaweed contains a broad(a) cat of innate nutrients, including enzymes, nucleic acids, aminic acids, minerals, t int elements, and A, B, C, D, E, and K vitamin complexes. ...
Describe the impacts of SENSACONs trade shows and public relations promotional tools on its growth Input from the public relation consultant helped in the
In todays society, race is at the forefront of a wide range of different discussions. When Trayvon Martin was murdered and his killer was subsequently tried,

No data available that match "paper"

  • Current and former staff members of the City Paper reflect on the end of publication in the Nov. 1, 2017 issue. (baltimoresun.com)
  • The amount of paper being recycled in South Africa has increased by over a third in the past decade and is expected to reach 63% by 2017, according to statistics released by the Paper Recycling Association of South Africa. (news24.com)
  • The advent of word-processing and the decline of typewriting meant that any number of copies of a document could be printed on demand, and the decline of carbon paper, which had already been partially superseded by photocopying and carbonless copy paper , became irrevocable. (wikipedia.org)
  • A small book, bound in full purple calf, lay half hidden in a nest of fine tissue paper on the dressing-table. (dictionary.com)
  • Once materials are gathered in recycling stations, stock is collected and processed into different grades, thereafter used as a secondary fibre during the production of new tissue paper and packaging materials. (news24.com)
  • The UCL Anthropology Working Papers Series demonstrates the full range of research carried out in the Department of Anthropology at UCL. (ucl.ac.uk)
  • It includes working papers by academic staff, post-docs and research students, as well as revised versions of the best dissertations produced by our undergraduate students and students on our taught Masters' courses. (ucl.ac.uk)
  • Working papers are intended to make results of Census Bureau research available to others and to encourage discussion on a variety of topics. (census.gov)
  • View the list of working papers by year . (census.gov)
  • Albumen paper , albumen also spelled Albumin , light-sensitive paper prepared by coating with albumen , or egg white, and a salt ( e.g., ammonium chloride) and sensitized by an aftertreatment with a solution of silver nitrate . (britannica.com)
  • At first the positive prints made from the glass plate negatives were produced by Talbot's salt paper method, but from the mid-1850s on they were made on albumen paper. (britannica.com)
  • Introduced in 1850 by Louis-Désiré Blanquart-Evrard, albumen paper is a slow printing-out paper (i.e., paper that produces a visible image on direct exposure, without chemical development) that had been coated with. (britannica.com)
  • Pulp is a lignocellulosic fibrous material prepared by chemically or mechanically separating cellulose fibres from wood , fiber crops , waste paper , or rags . (wikipedia.org)
  • Pulp for papermaking was produced by macerating mulberry bark as early as the 2nd century in Han dynasty China, where the invention of paper is traditionally attributed to Cai Lun . (wikipedia.org)
  • [2] Papermaking using pulp made from hemp and linen fibers from tattered clothing, fishing nets and fabric bags spread to Europe in the 13th century, with an ever-increasing use of rags being central to the manufacture and affordability of rag paper , a factor in the development of printing. (wikipedia.org)
  • Using wood pulp to make paper is a fairly recent innovation, that was almost concurrent to the invention of automatic papermaking machines, both together resulting in paper and cardboard becoming an inexpensive commodity in modern times. (wikipedia.org)
  • [8] In the previous year, 63 million tons (57 million tonnes) of market pulp (not made into paper in the same facility) was sold, with Canada being the largest source at 21 percent of the total, followed by the United States at 16 percent. (wikipedia.org)
  • [11] While in theory, any tree can be used for pulp-making, coniferous trees are preferred because the cellulose fibers in the pulp of these species are longer, and therefore make stronger paper. (wikipedia.org)
  • A pulp mill is a manufacturing facility that converts wood chips or other plant fibre source into a thick fiberboard which can be shipped to a paper mill for further processing. (wikipedia.org)
  • The modern pulp and paper industry is global, with China leading its production and the United States following. (wikipedia.org)
  • It was not until the introduction of wood pulp in 1843 that paper production was not dependent on recycled materials from ragpickers. (wikipedia.org)
  • The pulp can also be bleached to produce white paper, but this consumes 5% of the fibres. (wikipedia.org)
  • In North America, the pulp business recorded significantly higher planned maintenance outage expenses, but these were more than offset by lower outage expenses in North American and European papers. (prnewswire.com)
  • They have have already transformed the paper- and pulp- buying practices of some of the largest corporations on the planet, and they are just getting started. (prweb.com)
  • The use of chlorine for bleaching and processing wood pulp to make paper is one of industry's dirtiest environmental practices, producing various highly toxic pollutants, including dioxin. (technologyreview.com)
  • We travel to the Munksjo paper company's pulp mill in Sweden to discover how the 'Kraft process' exploits sodium's tenacious ability to digest organic matter. (bbc.co.uk)
  • In the hierarchy of raw material for toilet paper, virgin pulp is the best, followed by office paper, and then other materials like brown bags. (wired.com)
  • But virgin pulp requires cutting down trees, so some companies and users have opted for the stuff made from office paper. (wired.com)
  • There have been some experimental uses of carbon paper in art (as a surface for painting) and mail art (to decorate envelopes). (wikipedia.org)
  • Decorate the paper towel rolls and construction paper with crayons, stickers, markers or paint before making the paper trumpet. (ehow.com)
  • Create garlands made from colorful scrapbook paper to decorate your home for Valentine's Day. (hgtv.com)
  • Despite this global decline in energy consumption, output of paper and paperboard increased by over 25% between 2000 and 2016 globally. (iea.org)
  • Recovered fibre as a share of total fibre furnish - the mix of fibre used in paper production - increased by more than ten percentage points between 2000 and 2016. (iea.org)
  • The paper and paperboard production growth rate accelerated to 1.4% from 2015 to 2016, up from 0.4% between 2010 and 2015. (iea.org)
  • The 2018 DSCC is pleased to announce a Best Student Paper Award: The first author of a paper who was student at the time of submission is eligible. (asme.org)
  • Finalists will present their papers twice at the 2018 DSCC: (i) at a dedicated Best Student Paper competition session, and (ii) at a regular session. (asme.org)
  • The presentation at the Best Student Paper competition session would be 12 minutes long with 2 minutes reserved for Q&A. The finalists and winner will receive special recognition at the 2018 DSCC awards ceremony prior to the banquet. (asme.org)
  • According to the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF), paper consumption will grow to between 450 million and 500 million tonnes by 2020. (news24.com)
  • She's accompanied by her director, Nick, who is supposedly Paper Heart 's actual director Nick Jasenovec, but is actually an actor named Jake Johnson. (cinemablend.com)
  • Paper is a thin sheet material produced by mechanically and/or chemically processing cellulose fibres derived from wood, rags, grasses or other vegetable sources in water, draining the water through fine mesh leaving the fibre evenly distributed on the surface, followed by pressing and drying. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Global Paper Vision addresses the priorities for social responsibility and environmental conservation in response to a projected doubling of global paper consumption in the next 30 years as well as the industry's influence on biodiversity, forest health, global warming, air and water quality, and local communities. (prweb.com)
  • With the global paper consumption set to rise from the current 400 million tonnes in the next five years, there is no better time to start recycling. (news24.com)
  • As a result, South African businesses must realise the vast environmental and business benefits of recycling, as paper consumption shows no signs of decreasing anytime soon. (news24.com)
  • There has [also] been a reduction in availability due to more offices trying to reduce paper consumption and through the use of electronic media. (wired.com)
  • While the Western world replaces some of its paper consumption with technology, business growth in developing nations and the use of paper in packaging is thought to offset the trend for digitization. (forbes.com)
  • In the process of making paper clothing, sheets of handmade paper are first joined into large sheets (some of the joins are visible in this example), which are then treated with strengthening agents like persimmon juice. (metmuseum.org)
  • I buy mainly white handmade paper from a local art supply store. (bhg.com)
  • I use more of a handmade paper with different texture and then I paint the paper with acrylic washes so the intensity of the paint is all the way through the paper. (bhg.com)
  • Count down the days until Valentine's Day with a handmade paper heart chain. (hgtv.com)
  • The deal with Paper Heart , so far as I can tell, is that it's about a comedian, Charlyne Yi, who travels around the country asking everyday people about love. (cinemablend.com)
  • It's a movie dominated by the wide open, guileless smile of actress Charlyne Yi, one in which crude paper puppets re-enact scenes from couples' lives and Michael Cera plays a large role. (cinemablend.com)
  • Although paper was originally made in single sheets by hand, almost all is now made on large machines-some making reels 10 metres wide, running at 2,000 metres per minute and up to 600,000 tonnes a year. (wikipedia.org)
  • John Purcell fine paper suppliers only, good prices on minimum order of 25 sheets, will deliver usually within 2 to 3 days. (ucl.ac.uk)
  • Inkjet paper sheets and rolls. (ucl.ac.uk)
  • John Purcell Paper, 15 Rumsey Road, London SW9 0TR tel 020 7737 5199 Falkiners / Shepherds Paper and Bookbinding suppliers, single sheets of paper can be bought. (ucl.ac.uk)
  • In the 19th century, industrialization greatly reduced the cost of manufacturing paper. (wikipedia.org)
  • Of the total corrugating medium paper sold during the second quarter, 38,000 tons, or 65.1%, were produced from the Company's new production line. (prnewswire.com)
  • The Company experienced lower tonnage sales of offset printing paper due to the temporary shutdown of operations due to certain malfunction at the Company's water treatment plants and the suspension of sales of third-party offset printing paper since January 2012 , which sales offered an unattractive gross profit margin as a result of decline in ASP. (prnewswire.com)
  • Sequentially, revenue from the Company's digital photo paper products increased to $1.9 million compared to $1.6 million in the prior quarter. (prnewswire.com)
  • Fit the narrow part of the funnel over the open end of the cardboard tube and tape the paper so that it keeps its shape. (ehow.com)
  • Tape the construction paper funnel to the open end of the cardboard tube. (ehow.com)
  • Among the objects featured were papier-mâché masks from Mexico, paper kimonos from Japan, elaborate paperboard and corrugated cardboard sculptures, and prototype commodity objects made of plastic-coated paper, such as cradles, men's dress pants, and portable urinals. (mcachicago.org)
  • Before the industrialisation of paper production the most common fibre source was recycled fibres from used textiles, called rags. (wikipedia.org)
  • Papyrus is a lamination of natural plant fibre, while paper is manufactured from fibres whose properties have been changed by maceration. (wikipedia.org)
  • Paper documents can be recycled up to seven times for reconstitution before the -fibre becomes too short, meaning that a collective effort by South African businesses to recycle can have substantial effects in reducing the amount of natural resources needed for production of new daily used materials and goods," she says. (news24.com)
  • Paper fastening has always been a requirement in the world , and the early history of the paper clip is much the same as the early history of the stapler . (everything2.com)
  • This is where the history of the stapler and the paper clip divide. (everything2.com)
  • We also faced pricing pressure for both our offset printing paper and corrugating medium paper products which impacted our revenue and margin performance ,' stated Mr. Zhenyong Liu , Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Orient Paper. (prnewswire.com)
  • Many kinds of paper are made from wood with nothing else mixed into them. (wikipedia.org)
  • Xerox Recycled paper is made from 100% Post-Consumer waste. (xerox.com)
  • Although the veracity of this story is uncertain, paper started to be made in Samarkand soon after. (wikipedia.org)
  • Chemical pulping processes are not used to make paper made from cotton, which is already 90% cellulose. (wikipedia.org)
  • An interesting paper in BioEssays last month looks at the potential future of xenobiology, totally orthologous biological systems made out of synthetic nucleotide and amino acid bases, new cells that use XNA instead of DNA. (scienceblogs.com)
  • Not Jeffrey, though: The thought of having to write a paper made him really anxious. (kidshealth.org)
  • Paper trumpets are similar to their brass counterparts in appearance and sound, and made with common household items. (ehow.com)
  • This easy-to-make fish is a cute craft that is made from a single paper plate. (enchantedlearning.com)
  • For an extra touch, make a tiny fish (use the same instructions as above, but start with a tiny circle made from construction paper). (enchantedlearning.com)
  • Calling attention to the gray area between artistic and commercial production, Made with Paper highlighted the manifold ways in which paper can be rendered and utilized for both corporate and artistic purposes. (mcachicago.org)
  • To foreground the environmental aspects of Made with Paper , visitors were given complimentary pairs of paper slippers to wear in an installation with glass flooring, which was supported by square modules of molded paper. (mcachicago.org)
  • Made with Paper was organized by the Museum of Contemporary Crafts, New York, and the Container Corporation. (mcachicago.org)
  • The flowers are made from simple paper materials and are awe-inspiring with their incredibly realistic design. (bhg.com)
  • As close to real as I can get them, but then when you walk up to them, you see that they're made out of paper. (bhg.com)
  • The paperless, global economy may have an unexpected downside for your backside: The reduction of high-quality white paper use may hurt the quality of the recycled toilet paper made from it. (wired.com)
  • This paper reports on recent Census Bureau initiatives that have made the SIPP data easier to use. (census.gov)
  • Papers should be made in PDF or MSWORD format and submitted online. (google.com)
  • Xerox Business is a high performance paper suitable for everyday laser, inkjet and offset applications. (xerox.com)
  • This paper delivers reliable and consistent performance page after page in mono copiers, laser printers and mono inkjet. (xerox.com)
  • Aqueous Inkjet: Highest quality papers in a variety of specifications and finishes to produce colour graphics prints for a wide range of applications. (xerox.com)
  • Solvent Inkjet: A full and extensive range of solvent inkjet medias, including Outdoor Papers, Lightstop Display, Adhesive Vinyl and Banner Display products. (xerox.com)
  • In the 13th century, the knowledge and uses of paper spread from the Middle East to medieval Europe, where the first water-powered paper mills were built. (wikipedia.org)
  • The first known fastening of papers was in the 13th century , when a short length of ribbon was placed through parallel incisions in the upper left hand corner of pages. (everything2.com)
  • Since 1988 The Pulmonary Paper has provided education and support to those who live with COPD (Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease), Asthma,Pulmonary Fibrosis and other chronic lung diseases. (pulmonarypaper.org)
  • To meet SDS objectives, energy use in the sector needs to decline by 0.3% annually by 2030 globally for an expected increase in paper and paperboard production of 1.0% annually. (iea.org)
  • can now get the same dining hall news without the actual paper product! (issuu.com)
  • Continue attaching the folded circles, alternating paper patterns. (hgtv.com)
  • SSRN hosts research paper series (RPS) for academic and other research organizations. (ssrn.com)
  • image: A chimpanzee choosing 'scissors' over 'paper. (eurekalert.org)
  • Chimpanzees of all ages and all sexes can learn the simple circular relationship between the three different hand signals used in the well-known game rock-paper-scissors. (eurekalert.org)
  • They first learnt the paper-rock sequence, then the rock-scissors one and finally scissors-paper. (eurekalert.org)
  • Although, it took them significantly longer to learn the third scissors-paper pair than it did to grasp the others, which indicates that they had difficulty in finalizing the circular nature of the pattern. (eurekalert.org)
  • Carbon paper (originally carbonic paper ) was originally paper coated on one side with a layer of a loosely bound dry ink or pigmented coating , bound with wax , used for making one or more copies simultaneously with the creation of an original document when using a typewriter or a ballpoint pen . (wikipedia.org)
  • The manufacture of carbon paper was formerly the largest consumer of montan wax . (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1954 the Columbia Ribbon & Carbon Manufacturing Company filed a patent for what became known in the trade as solvent carbon paper: the coating was changed from wax-based to polymer-based. (wikipedia.org)
  • It was then possible to use polyester or other plastic film as a substrate, instead of paper, although the name remained carbon paper. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1801, Pellegrino Turri , an Italian inventor, invented carbon paper to provide the ink for his mechanical typing machine , one of the first typewriters . (wikipedia.org)
  • [2] Ralph Wedgwood obtained the first patent for carbon paper in 1806. (wikipedia.org)
  • Carbon paper was the principal medium of reproduction for samizdat , a publication method used in the former Soviet Union in order to publish books without having to use state-controlled printing houses and risk the censorship or imprisonment that was commonplace at the time. (wikipedia.org)
  • While the use of carbon paper has declined to almost nothing, a legacy of its once widespread use has remained in the header of emails, where the abbreviation "cc" stands for "carbon copies", the copies intended for recipients other than the principal addressee. (wikipedia.org)
  • Carbon paper is also used in fuel cell applications. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, this carbon paper has nothing to do with the carbon paper used for copying texts. (wikipedia.org)
  • In India, form-filling is on a sufficient scale that carbon paper is still widely used. (wikipedia.org)
  • [5] As of 2013, in Canada only one eight-person company still manufactures carbon paper, in the United Kingdom one company and in the United States only two small companies. (wikipedia.org)
  • Carbon paper disks are still used in school physics labs as parts of experiments on projectile motion or position, velocity, and acceleration. (wikipedia.org)
  • What is the Difference Between Carbon Paper and Carbon Cloth Based Gas Diffusion Layers (GDL)? (wikipedia.org)
  • A sheet of carbon paper . (wiktionary.org)
  • USA Essays: Can someone write my research paper outstanding writing! (flseagrant.org)
  • What is can someone write my research paper in essay service review? (flseagrant.org)
  • Can someone write my research paper - Therefore, it may be considered a central role of qualitative data collection. (flseagrant.org)
  • Unless you can, using them in paper my write can someone research everyday routines. (flseagrant.org)
  • 1. Term Paper Counseling( Research Consultation ) Prepared by: La'O, Anna Roxane A. Tipura, Jedan D. (slideshare.net)
  • 2. Term Paper Counseling - an attempt to match on one-to-one basis a students immediate research need with service offered during limited time period.Research Consultation - a librarians one-on-one interaction with one or more persons, usually a faculty member or student. (slideshare.net)
  • Get the best essay, research papers or dissertations. (slideshare.net)
  • For example, is your teacher looking for a casual, descriptive writing style (like a magazine article) or a research paper with a more formal tone? (kidshealth.org)
  • Behind every good paper is even better research. (kidshealth.org)
  • Good research means reading a lot - both as background to help you choose a topic and then to help you write your paper. (kidshealth.org)
  • Steal This Research Paper! (motherjones.com)
  • These papers are the best of the best of undergraduate research projects and some research from co-ops and internships. (aiche.org)
  • This paper will discuss how three of these techniques are commonly used and provides a recommendation for the company to use as they move forward with research and development of new products. (bartleby.com)
  • This paper describes a research study that investigated how designers can use frames of reference (egocentric, exocentric, and a combination of the two) to support the mastery of complex multidimensional information. (gatech.edu)
  • To view all papers currently included in a listed RPS eJournal click on the RPS eJournal title below. (ssrn.com)
  • that include papers classified in the Topics listed below the RPS eJournal title. (ssrn.com)
  • The first page of the camera-ready version of accepted paper should bear the items of paper title, author name, affiliation and email address. (google.com)
  • Jump into The Captain's Log from the main menu, and you'll see a record of everything you've seen so far in Paper Pirates. (steampowered.com)
  • [1] Lu Ji, in his 3rd century commentary on the Classic of Poetry , mentions that people residing south of the Yangtze River would traditionally pound mulberry bark to make paper or clothing. (wikipedia.org)
  • Paper with one of the faces impregnated with carbon , used to make carbon copies . (wiktionary.org)
  • PAPER HEART follows Charlyne as she embarks on a quest across America to make a documentary about the one subject she doesn't fully understand. (cinemablend.com)
  • Paper Alternative believes that people make the difference between success and failure in any automated business process. (prweb.com)
  • The first step in writing a paper is to make sure that you understand exactly what your teacher expects. (kidshealth.org)
  • Once you've found a good source, make a note of it so that you can use it for your paper. (kidshealth.org)
  • What's more, the catalysts make hydrogen peroxide far more effective in "delignification," a key step for making high-quality paper. (technologyreview.com)
  • Businesses and organisations can make a significant difference to the environment by simply recycling documents and printing or packaging materials, says Dorota Boltman-Malone, divisional director of a local paper collection and recycling service. (news24.com)
  • No matter how big an organisation is, everyone uses paper materials and this means that there is an opportunity to make a difference in trying to save the environment for the generations to come. (news24.com)
  • Printer and copier paper retain the nice, long fibers that make the best recycled toilet paper. (wired.com)
  • They decorated with torn paper to add texture. (michaels.com)
  • Non-Skid - A variation of the Gem paper clip, the non-skid clip features many grooves to add texture and stop papers from slipping out from beneath them. (everything2.com)
  • The Founders of this country, and a large majority of the American people up until the 1930s, disdained paper money, respected commodity money, and disapproved of a central bank's monopoly control of money creation and interest rates. (lewrockwell.com)
  • The Comp any sold a total of 58,384 tonnes of corrugating medium paper during the second quarter of 2012 , up 116.2% compared to the year ago period. (prnewswire.com)
  • Since December 2011 , Orient Paper began selling corrugating medium paper produced from its ne w 360,000 tonnes paper production line. (prnewswire.com)
  • The Company sold a total of 16,615 tonnes of offset printing paper during the second quarter of 2012, a decrease of 52.3% compared to the year ago period. (prnewswire.com)
  • Then invite them to tear pieces of different types of paper and glue them around the tree in a collage format. (educationworld.com)
  • [12] Some of the most commonly used softwood trees for paper making include spruce , pine , fir , larch and hemlock , and hardwoods such as eucalyptus , aspen and birch . (wikipedia.org)
  • Back when Sam went upstate, job searches required nothing more than a typewriter, some paper, and the classifieds. (dictionary.com)
  • You will receive email announcements of newly received papers in any RPS eJournal to which you subscribe. (ssrn.com)
  • She has racked up more than 100K followers on Instagram , where she photographs her unique botanical paper art. (bhg.com)
  • On the face of it, sodium seems a rather dull element - used by industry to manufacture such staples as paper and soap. (bbc.co.uk)
  • Over the previous several months, according to a subsequent federal indictment , Aaron Swartz-internet prodigy, RSS co-inventor, Reddit co-creator, and a fellow at the Center for Ethics at Harvard-had stolen nearly 5 million academic articles, including about 1.7 million copyrighted scientific papers held by JSTOR (as in "journal storage"), a digital clearinghouse whose servers were accessible via the MIT net. (motherjones.com)
  • Feb. 3, 2010 -- It was the scientific paper that served as a central pillar for the idea that vaccination could increase children's risk of developing autism . (go.com)
  • Paper Alternative Solutions (PAS) provides people, processes and solutions that improve the way organizations do business. (prweb.com)
  • Dogwood Alliance is proud to join with 120 organizations around the world to introduce the Environmental Paper Network's new Global Paper Vision. (prweb.com)
  • Organizations in every vertical have always relied upon a certain quantity of paper since the dawn of known time and, despite the rise of digital, that basic truth isn't going to change. (forbes.com)
  • This chilling picture is contained in a white paper on the terrorism threat to Australia released yesterday by Foreign Minister Alexander Downer. (theage.com.au)
  • The white paper looks at the big picture, and describes how technology and the removal of barriers through globalisation have put this country well within the terrorists' reach. (theage.com.au)
  • If you don't have yellow construction paper, use stiff white paper, then paint it yellow (or use markers). (enchantedlearning.com)
  • Ordered three papers here, all in Marketing, all delivered on time, all got the highest grades. (masterpapers.com)
  • There's never been a better time to take a trip on a ship, so grab a crew and dive into Paper Pirates now to see all that the new 2.0 update has to offer! (steampowered.com)
  • I started out at City Paper answering phones, a gig I got through the calendar editor at the time, with whom I worked at Video Americain. (baltimoresun.com)
  • Paper Heart is a sweet little indie movie and probably worth your time. (cinemablend.com)
  • With some planning and time, anyone can turn a blank document on a computer screen into a good paper. (kidshealth.org)
  • My documentary Paper Trails is the story of packing up Anne's life, while she prepares for the time when she can no longer live independently. (nla.gov.au)
  • When Abigail is unwillingly drafted into the Volunteers, she encounters the paper hearts, a distraction that couldn't come at a worse time. (indiebound.org)
  • In a relatively short time, straight pins were being sold by the half pound for the explicit purpose of temporarily fastening papers together. (everything2.com)
  • Response Paper #1 The reading materials in Week 6 explore the impact of international law on states, and more specifically, state behaviors. (bartleby.com)
  • The following material explains how to produce a position paper (sometimes called a point of view paper). (sfu.ca)
  • You can change information about your paper, submit brief corrections, view an email trail, and even edit your personal information by following the link in the initial confirmation email. (iaria.org)
  • View the list of working paper topics . (census.gov)
  • Paper Heart is fundamentally a small movie, plumbing only minor insights from both its documentary subjects and its main character. (cinemablend.com)
  • Most pulping operations using the kraft process are net contributors to the electricity grid or use the electricity to run an adjacent paper mill. (wikipedia.org)
  • Dogwood has long relied on the EPN and the Global Vision as a core resource in their own Paper Campaign to transform the paper industry here in the US South wherein they have secured commitments from some of the largest paper producers and consumers in the world, including Staples, McDonalds, Georgia-Pacific and International Paper. (prweb.com)

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