A plant genus of the family POACEAE. The seed is one of the EDIBLE GRAINS used in millet cereals and in feed for birds and livestock (ANIMAL FEED). It contains diosgenin (SAPONINS).
Defective viruses which can multiply only by association with a helper virus which complements the defective gene. Satellite viruses may be associated with certain plant viruses, animal viruses, or bacteriophages. They differ from satellite RNA; (RNA, SATELLITE) in that satellite viruses encode their own coat protein.
A family of RNA plant viruses infecting dicotyledons. Transmission is mainly by mechanical inoculation and through propagative plant material. All species elicit formation of multivesicular inclusion bodies. There are at least eight genera: Aureusvirus, Avenavirus, CARMOVIRUS, Dianthovirus, Machlomovirus, Necrovirus, Panicovirus, and TOMBUSVIRUS.
Viruses which produce a mottled appearance of the leaves of plants.
A large family of narrow-leaved herbaceous grasses of the order Cyperales, subclass Commelinidae, class Liliopsida (monocotyledons). Food grains (EDIBLE GRAIN) come from members of this family. RHINITIS, ALLERGIC, SEASONAL can be induced by POLLEN of many of the grasses.
Geographic variety, population, or race, within a species, that is genetically adapted to a particular habitat. An ecotype typically exhibits phenotypic differences but is capable of interbreeding with other ecotypes.
A plant genus of the family POACEAE. The small pointed seeds are grown for hay in North America and western Europe and important as food in China and other Asian countries.
It is a form of protection provided by law. In the United States this protection is granted to authors of original works of authorship, including literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and certain other intellectual works. This protection is available to both published and unpublished works. (from Circular of the United States Copyright Office, 6/30/2008)
Protective measures against unauthorized access to or interference with computer operating systems, telecommunications, or data structures, especially the modification, deletion, destruction, or release of data in computers. It includes methods of forestalling interference by computer viruses or so-called computer hackers aiming to compromise stored data.
The privacy of information and its protection against unauthorized disclosure.
The state of being free from intrusion or disturbance in one's private life or affairs. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, 1993)
Isocoumarins found in ASPERGILLUS OCHRACEUS and other FUNGI. Ochratoxin contaminated FOOD has been responsible for cases of FOODBORNE DISEASES.
Fungal infection of keratinized tissues such as hair, skin and nails. The main causative fungi include MICROSPORUM; TRICHOPHYTON; and EPIDERMOPHYTON.
A family of ascomycetous fungi, order Onygenales, characterized by smooth ascospores. Genera in the family include Arthroderma, Keratinomyces, and Ctenomyces. Several well-known anamorphic forms are parasitic upon the skin.
A mitosporic fungal genus and an anamorphic form of Arthroderma. Various species attack the skin, nails, and hair.
A mitosporic Trichocomaceae fungal genus that develops fruiting organs resembling a broom. When identified, teleomorphs include EUPENICILLIUM and TALAROMYCES. Several species (but especially PENICILLIUM CHRYSOGENUM) are sources of the antibiotic penicillin.
Antibiotic and mycotoxin from Aspergillus niveus and Penicillium citrinum.
Musculoskeletal manipulation based on the principles of OSTEOPATHIC MEDICINE developed in 1874 by Dr Andrew Taylor Still.
The reproductive organs of plants.
Proteins found in plants (flowers, herbs, shrubs, trees, etc.). The concept does not include proteins found in vegetables for which VEGETABLE PROTEINS is available.
Annual cereal grass of the family POACEAE and its edible starchy grain, rice, which is the staple food of roughly one-half of the world's population.
The functional hereditary units of PLANTS.
Hydrocarbon-rich byproducts from the non-fossilized BIOMASS that are combusted to generate energy as opposed to fossilized hydrocarbon deposits (FOSSIL FUELS).
Facilities which provide care for infants.
Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
A family of flowering plants in the order Caryophyllales, with about 60 genera and more than 800 species of plants, with a few shrubs, trees, and vines. The leaves usually have nonindented edges.
A plant genus of the family POACEAE. The seed is used in folk medicine (DRUGS, CHINESE HERBAL).
A plant genus of the family POACEAE. The common name of wild rye is used with some other grasses.
The sumac plant family in the order Sapindales, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida. They are tropical and subtropical trees, shrubs, and woody vines that have resin ducts in the bark. The sap of many of the species is irritating to the skin.
A plant genus of the family POACEAE. The common name of fescue is also used with some other grasses.
Formerly known as Rhynchelytrum repens, a member of the perennial grass family native to South Africa, widely distributed and known by different common names. It is used as a diabetes cure in folk medicine and actively studied for its hypoglycemic properties.
Common member of the Gramineae family used as cattle FODDER. It harbors several fungi and other parasites toxic to livestock and people and produces allergenic compounds, especially in its pollen. The most commonly seen varieties are L. perenne, L. multiflorum, and L. rigidum.

Pearl millet cysteine protease inhibitor. Evidence for the presence of two distinct sites responsible for anti-fungal and anti-feedent activities. (1/125)

Recently, pearl millet cysteine protease inhibitor (CPI) was, for the first time, shown to possess anti-fungal activity in addition to its anti-feedent (protease inhibitory) activity [Joshi, B.N. et al. (1998) Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 246, 382-387]. Characterization of CPI revealed that it has a reversible mode of action for protease inhibition. The CD spectrum exhibited a 35% alpha helix and 65% random coil structure. The intrinsic fluorescence spectrum was typical of a protein devoid of tryptophan residues. Demetallation of Zn2+ resulted in a substantial change in the secondary and tertiary structure of CPI accompanied by the complete loss of anti-fungal and inhibitory activity indicating that Zn2+ plays an important role in maintaining both structural integrity and biological function. The differential response of anti-fungal and inhibitory activities to specific modifiers showed that there are two different reactive sites associated with anti-fungal and anti-feedent activity in CPI located on a single protein as revealed from its N-terminal sequence data (AGVCYGVLGNNLP). Modification of cysteine, glutamic/aspartic acid or argnine resulted in abolition of the anti-fungal activity of CPI, whereas modification of arginine led to an enhancement of the inhibitory activity in solution. Modification of histidine resulted in a twofold increase in the protease inhibitory activity without affecting the anti-fungal activity, whereas modification of serine led to selective inhibition of the protease inhibitory activity. The differential nature of the two activities was further supported by differences in the temperature stabilities of the anti-fungal (60 degrees C) and inhibitory (40 degrees C) activities. Binding of papain to CPI did not abolish the anti-fungal activity of CPI, supporting the presence of two active sites on CPI. The differential behavior of CPI towards anti-fungal and anti-feedent activity cannot be attributed to changes in conformation, as assessed by their CD and fluorescence spectra. The interaction of CPI modified for arginine or histidine with papain resulted in an enhancement of CPI activity accompanied by a slight decrease in fluorescence intensity of 15-20% at 343 nm. In contrast, modification of serine resulted in inhibition of CPI activity with a concomitant increase of 20% in the fluorescence intensity when complexed by the enzyme. This implies the involvement of enzyme-based tryptophan in the formation of a biologically active enzyme-inhibitor complex. The presence of anti-fungal and anti-feedent activity on a single protein, as evidenced in pearl millet CPI, opens up a new possibility of raising a transgenic plant resistant to pathogens, as well as pests, by transfer of a single CPI gene.  (+info)

A gene cluster encoded by panicum mosaic virus is associated with virus movement. (2/125)

A subgenomic RNA (sgRNA) of about 1500 nucleotides has been detected in millet plants and protoplasts infected with panicum mosaic virus (PMV). This sgRNA expressed p8, p6.6, p15, and the 26-kDa capsid protein (CP) genes during in vitro translation assays, as determined by using mutants inactivated for expression of each open reading frame. Abolishing expression of p8 and p6.6, the two 5'-proximal genes on the sgRNA, did not affect the replication of PMV in millet protoplasts, but obstructed spread in plants. As predicted for a typical cell-to-cell movement protein, p8 localized to the cell wall fraction of PMV-infected millet plants. The introduction of premature stop codons downstream of the PMV p15 start codon (p15*) abolished infectivity in planta, but did not impair replication in protoplasts. However, a delayed systemic infection in millet plants was supported by the p15aug(-) start codon mutant, which may reflect very low levels of expression from a suboptimal start codon context and/or leaky scanning to a second inframe AUG codon to express the C-terminal portion of the 15-kDa protein. PMV CP mutants had little effect on sgRNA accumulation, but were correlated with a reduction of the gRNA and the decreased expression of the 8-kDa protein in protoplasts as well as abolishment of cell-to-cell spread in plants. These results imply that the successful establishment of a PMV systemic infection in millet host plants appears to be dependent on the concerted expression of the p8, p6.6, p15, and CP genes.  (+info)

Endemic goiter with iodine sufficiency: a possible role for the consumption of pearl millet in the etiology of endemic goiter. (3/125)

BACKGROUND: Deficiencies of iodine, iron, and vitamin A are the 3 most common micronutrient deficiencies in developing countries, although control programs, when properly implemented, can be effective. OBJECTIVE: We investigated these deficiencies and their possible interaction in preschool children in the southern Blue Nile area of Sudan. DESIGN: Goiter, signs of vitamin A deficiency, and biochemical markers of thyroid, vitamin A, and iron status were assessed in 984 children aged 1-6 y. RESULTS: The goiter rate was 22. 3%. The median urinary iodine concentration was 0.79 micromol/L and 19.3% of the children had a concentration >1.57 micromol/L. Although serum thyroxine and triiodothyronine concentrations were within reference ranges, the median thyrotropin concentration was 3.78 mIU/L and 44% of the children had thyrotropin concentrations above normal. The mean urinary thiocyanate concentration was high (259 +/- 121 micromol/L). The prevalences of Bitot spots and night blindness were 2.94% and 2.64%, respectively, and 32% of the subjects had serum retinol binding protein concentrations <15 mg/L. A significant positive correlation was observed between thyrotropin and retinol binding protein. Whereas 88% of the children had hemoglobin concentrations <1.86 mmol/L, only 13.5% had serum ferritin concentrations below the cutoff of 12 microg/L and 95% had serum transferrin concentrations above the cutoff of 2.50 g/L. CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicate that goiter is endemic in this region of Sudan despite iodine sufficiency and that both anemia and vitamin A deficiency are health problems in the area. Moreover, consumption of millet, vitamin A deficiency, and protein-energy malnutrition are possible etiologic factors in this endemic area.  (+info)

Polypeptide compositions and NH2-terminal amino acid sequences of proteins in foxtail and proso millets. (4/125)

Seed protein of foxtail and proso millets were fractionated into polypeptides that were analyzed for their major protein, prolamin, and the NH2-terminal amino acid sequences of the proteins were determined. The proteins extracted from foxtail and proso millets were 64.1% and 80.0% prolamin, respectively. The polypeptides of the prolamins were classified into two groups. The major polypeptides of 27-19 kDa were rich in leucine and alanine, whereas the 17-14 kDa polypeptides were rich in methionine and cysteine. Glutelin-like proteins that were extracted with a reducing reagent were high in proline content, the major polypeptides being 17 and 20 kDa. The NH2-terminal amino acid sequence showed that the major polypeptides of prolamin were homologous to alpha-zein and a glutelin-like protein containing the Pro-Pro-Pro sequence, like the repetitive sequence of gamma-zein. Although the prolamin consisted of a similar subunit to that of zein, polypeptides with various pI values were found among them.  (+info)

In vitro- and in vivo-generated defective RNAs of satellite panicum mosaic virus define cis-acting RNA elements required for replication and movement. (5/125)

Satellite panicum mosaic virus (SPMV) depends on its helper virus, panicum mosaic virus (PMV), to provide trans-acting proteins for replication and movement. The 824-nucleotide (nt) genome of SPMV possesses an open reading frame encoding a 17.5-kDa capsid protein (CP), which is shown to be dispensable for SPMV replication. To localize cis-acting RNA elements required for replication and movement, a comprehensive set of SPMV cDNA deletion mutants was generated. The results showed that the 263-nt 3' untranslated region (UTR) plus 73 nt upstream of the CP stop codon and the first 16 nt in the 5' UTR are required for SPMV RNA amplification and/or systemic spread. A region from nt 17 to 67 within the 5' UTR may have an accessory role in RNA accumulation, and a fragment bracketing nt 68 to 104 appears to be involved in the systemic movement of SPMV RNA in a host-dependent manner. Unexpectedly, defective RNAs (D-RNAs) accumulated de novo in millet plants coinfected with PMV and either of two SPMV mutants: SPMV-91, which is incapable of expressing the 17.5-kDa CP, and SPMV-GUG, which expresses low levels of the 17.5-kDa CP. The D-RNA derived from SPMV-91 was isolated from infected plants and used as a template to generate a cDNA clone. RNA transcripts derived from this 399-nt cDNA replicated and moved in millet plants coinoculated with PMV. The characterization of this D-RNA provided a biological confirmation that the critical RNA domains identified by the reverse genetic strategy are essential for SPMV replication and movement. The results additionally suggest that a potential "trigger" for spontaneous D-RNA accumulation may be associated with the absence or reduced accumulation of the 17.5-kDa SPMV CP. This represents the first report of a D-RNA associated with a satellite virus.  (+info)

Geographical variation of the alleles at the two prolamin loci, Pro1 and Pro2, in foxtail millet, Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv. (6/125)

Allelic variation at the two prolamin loci (Pro1 and Pro2) and its geographical distribution in 560 local cultivars of foxtail millet (Setaria italica) mainly from Eurasia were studied using SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE). Genetic analysis of a newly detected polymorphic band, band 6, indicated that it is controlled by an allele at the Pro2 locus, which was designated as Pro2f. Two alleles (Pro1a and Pro1null) at the Pro1 locus and six alleles (Pro2a, Pro2b, Pro2c, Pro2d, Pro2e and Pro2f) at the Pro2 locus were detected among the cultivars examined. Although the frequency of the Pro1a allele varied from 0% in the Nansei islands of Japan and Africa to 66% in Afghanistan, no apparent trend was observed in geographical distribution. In contrast, two common alleles at the Pro2 locus, Pro2b and Pro2f, had clear differential geographical distribution. The Pro2b allele was most frequent in Europe and decreased in frequency eastwards. The Pro2f allele occurred frequently in subtropical and tropical regions including the Nansei islands of Japan, the Philippines, Nepal, India, Pakistan and Africa. All eight alleles at the Pro1 and Pro2 loci occurred in China, suggesting China is a center of diversity. The origin of geographical differentiation of local cultivars into a "tropical group" characterized by the Pro2f allele and other genes was discussed.  (+info)

N-terminal amino acid sequences of prolamins encoded by the alleles at the Pro1 and Pro2 loci in foxtail millet, Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv. (7/125)

N-terminal amino acid sequences of six prolamins encoded by seven alleles at two loci, Pro1 and Pro2, of foxtail millet (Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv.) were analyzed and compared with other prolamins of subfamily Panicoideae. Based on the N-terminal amino acid sequences, band 3 (the prolamin purified from band 3) which is controlled by an allele at the Pro1 locus and bands 1, 2, 4, 5 and 6 which are controlled by alleles at the Pro2 locus could be classified into three groups. Band 3 was found to be homologous to the prolamin of pearl millet (Pennisetum americanum) and is designated as the "pennisetin-like prolamin". Bands 2 and 4, and bands 1, 5 and 6 were subdivided into "x-type prolamin" and "y-type prolamin". Both of the x-type and y-type prolamins showed homology with prolamin of Echinochloa crus-galli and alpha-zein-like prolamins of maize, sorghum and Job's tears. Therefore, these prolamins were designated as "alpha-zein-like prolamin". These results suggest that alleles at the Pro1 locus and those at the Pro2 locus have not arisen from an identical ancestral gene, and that the Pro2 locus comprise two tightly linked genes, which encode similar prolamins. Hypotheses on the diversification of alleles at the Pro2 locus are discussed based on the N-terminal amino acid sequences of the respective bands, combinations of bands controlled by the alleles, and frequencies of the alleles.  (+info)

RNA: protein interactions associated with satellites of panicum mosaic virus. (8/125)

The interactions between satellite panicum mosaic virus (SPMV) capsid protein (CP) and its 824 nucleotide (nt) single stranded RNA were investigated by gel mobility shift assay and Northwestern blot assay. SPMV CP has specificity for its RNA at high affinity, but little affinity for non-viral RNA. The SPMV CP also bound a 350 nt satellite RNA (satRNA) that, like SPMV, is dependent on panicum mosaic virus for its replication. SPMV CP has the novel property of encapsidating SPMV RNA and satRNA. Competition gel mobility shift assays performed with a non-viral RNA and unlabeled SPMV RNA and satRNA revealed that these RNA:protein interactions were in part sequence specific.  (+info)

Panicum mosaic virus (PMV) is a positive-sense single-stranded RNA viral pathogen that infects plant species in the Panicoid tribe of the grass family Poaceae. The pathogen was first identified in Kansas in 1953 and most commonly causes disease on select cultivars of turf grass, switchgrass, and millet. The disease most commonly associated with the panicum mosaic virus pathogen is St. Augustine Decline Syndrome, which infects species of turf grass and causes chlorotic mottling. In addition to St. Augustine Decline, panicum mosaic virus is responsible for chlorotic streaking and mild green mosaicking in select cultivars of switchgrass and millet. PMV was first observed in Kansas in 1953. It was originally noted to infect switchgrass (Panicum virgatum), and was observed infecting St. Augustine Grass (Stenotaphrum secundatum) in Texas in 1966. The strain specific to St. Augustine Grass has since been observed in Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi and South Carolina in the United States, as well as in ...
Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions 21:613-621...Dong Qi and Karen-Beth G. Scholthof...© 2008 The American Phytopathological Society...The 17-kDa capsid protein (CP) of satellite panicum mosaic virus (SPMV) contains a distinct N-terminal arginine-rich motif (N-ARM) which is required for SPMV virion assembly and the activity of SPMV CP to promote systemic accumulation of its cognate RNA. The present study indicates that SPMV CP als...
Abstract: The EST-SSR molecular markers of common millet (Panicum miliaceum) were developed by high-throughput sequencing. Using these markers, we assessed the genetic diversity in a panel of 144 common millet accessions collected from different ecotopic regions in China and abroad. It was shown that 80 pairs of these markers were polymorphic, with the efficiency of approximately 40%. The resolution power (Rp) was 0.67-4.67 (mean 2.00) and the amplified product sizes ranged from 50 to 500 bp. Among the examined 144 accessions, 206 allelic variations were identified in 80 loci, with 2-3 alleles at each locus. The Shannons diversity index (I) ranged from 0.659 3 (RYW108) to 1.087 2 (RYW124) with an average of 0.859 9. The range of polymorphism information content (PIC) was 0.222 9 (RYW98) -0.717 2 (RYW124) with an average of 0.457 3. Based on UPGMA, these 144 accessions were classified into 3 groups, two of which belonged to the the Northern China spring-sowing ecotopes and one group was mainly ...
Looking for online definition of Panicum in the Medical Dictionary? Panicum explanation free. What is Panicum? Meaning of Panicum medical term. What does Panicum mean?
Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.), a perennial C4 grass, represents an important species in natural and anthropogenic grasslands of North America. Its resilience to abiotic and biotic stress has made switchgrass a preferred bioenergy crop. However, little is known about the mechanisms of resistance of switchgrass against pathogens and herbivores. Volatile compounds such as terpenes have important activities in plant direct and indirect defense. Here, we show that switchgrass leaves emit blends of monoterpenes and sesquiterpenes upon feeding by the generalist insect herbivore Spodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm) and in a systemic response to the treatment of roots with defense hormones. Belowground application of methyl jasmonate also induced the release of volatile terpenes from roots. To correlate the emission of terpenes with the expression and activity of their corresponding biosynthetic genes, we identified a gene family of 44 monoterpene and sesquiterpene synthases (mono- and sesqui-TPSs) ...
The Effect of Nitrogen Fertilization to the Sward on Guineagrass (Panicum maximum Jacq cv. Gatton) Silage Fermentation - Guinea Grass Silage;Nitrogen Fertilizer;Nitrate Nitrogen;
Panicum virgatum, Switchgrass, is an excellent grass seed wildlife and the best native grass for creating dense cover for wildlife habitat. Its stiff stems stand up over winter better than other grasses.
Agishi EO 1985 Forage resources of Nigeria rangeland. In: Proc. of National conference on Small Ruminants. Adu I F et al editors. Napri, Zaria. Pp 115-124. AOAC 1990 Official Methods of Analysis, 15th edn. Washington, DC USA: Association of Official Analytical Chemists, pp. 69 - 88 Andrea M M and Pablo E C 1999 A tropical forage solution to poor quality ruminant diets: A review of Lablab purpureus. Livestock Research for Rural Development http://www.lrrd.org/lrrd11/2/colu112.htm. Arigbede O M, Olanite J A and Bamikole M A 2005 Intake, performance and digestibility of West African dwarf goats supplemented with graded levels of Grewia pubescens and Panicum maximum. Nigerian Journal of Animal Production 32: 293 - 300. Babayemi O J, Ajayi F T, Taiwo A A, Bamikole M A and Fajimi A K 2006 Performance of West African dwarf goats fed lablab (Lablab purpureus), Leucaena (Leucaena leucocephala) and Gliricidia (Gliricidia sepium) foliage. Nigerian Journal of Animal Production 33: 102 - 111. Babayemi O J ...
p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.,/p> ,p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.,/p> ,p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).,/p> ,p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x,sup>64,/sup> + x,sup>4,/sup> + x,sup>3,/sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. ,/p> ,p class=publication>Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.,br /> ,strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums,/strong>,br /> ,a href=http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php>Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993),/a>),/p> Checksum:i ...
p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.,/p> ,p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.,/p> ,p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).,/p> ,p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x,sup>64,/sup> + x,sup>4,/sup> + x,sup>3,/sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. ,/p> ,p class=publication>Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.,br /> ,strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums,/strong>,br /> ,a href=http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php>Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993),/a>),/p> Checksum:i ...
Panicum virgatum, commonly called switch grass, is a Missouri native ornamental grass which was an important component of the tallgrass prairie which once covered large areas of the State. It occurs in both wet and dry soils in prairies and open woods, gravel bars and stream banks and along railroad tracks throughout most of the State. Switch grass is generally noted for its stiff, columnar form, and typically retains its vertical shape throughout the growing season. It is a clump-forming, warm season grass which typically grows to 3 tall. When in flower, flower panicles may bring total plant height to 6. Features medium green leaves which turn yellow (sometimes with orange tints) in autumn, fading to tan-beige in winter. Foliage clump is topped in mid-summer by finely-textured, pink-tinged, branched flower panicles which hover over the foliage like an airy cloud. Panicles turn beige as the seeds mature in fall with the seed plumes persisting well into winter. Seeds are a food source for birds ...
|div id=full-description| |p class=description| Despite its American provenance Panicum virgatum was originally taken up by German landscapers and gardeners. Renowned for its steely coloured blue-grey to blue-purple leaves, but it is the contrast
Grain of proso millet (Panicum miliaceum L.). Other names: common millet, broomtail millet, hog millet, white millet, broomcorn millet.. ...
Lignocellulosic biomass is one of the most promising renewable and clean energy resources to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and dependence on fossil fuels. However, the resistance to accessibility of sugars embedded in plant cell walls (so-called recalcitrance) is a major barrier to economically viable cellulosic ethanol production. A recent report from the US National Academy of Sciences indicated that,
Proso millet is an erect, tillering, annual grass, growing to 1 m in height, that is grown for the small seeds used for human consumption and livestock food. Proso millet was one of the earliest cultivated grains in the world. It is fairly drought tolerant and has a short growing season.
Low conductance to CO2 of bundle sheath cells is required in C4 photosynthesis to maintain high [CO2] at the site of ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (Rubisco). Elevated [CO2] allows high CO2 assimilation rates by this enzyme and prevents Rubisco oxygenase activity and O2 inhibition of carboxylation. Bundle sheath conductance to CO2 was estimated by chemically inhibiting phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase and calculating the slope of the linear response of leaf CO2 uptake to [CO2]. The inhibitor 3,3-dichloro-2-dihydroxyphosphinoylmethyl-2-propenoate was supplied to detached leaves of Panicum maximum, Panicum miliaceum, and Sorghum bicolor at 4 mM. Uptake of CO2 was measured at 210 mL L-1 O2 over the CO2 concentration range of 0.34 to 28 mL L-1. Without the inhibitor, CO2 uptake increased steeply at low [CO2] and saturated at about 1 mL L-1. After inhibition, CO2 uptake was a linear function of [CO2] over much of the range tested. The slope of this CO2 response, taken as bundle sheath ...
Sridhar, R.; Lakshminarayana, G., 1994: Contents of total lipids and lipid classes and composition of fatty acids in small millets: foxtail (Setaria italica), proso (Panicum miliaceum), and finger (Eleusine coracana)
Summer fallow is commonly used to stabilize winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) production in the Central Great Plains, but summer fallow results in soil degradation, limits farm productivity and profitability, and stores soil water inefficiently. The objectives of this study were to quantify the production and economic consequences of replacing summer fallow with spring-planted crops on the subsequent winter wheat crop. A summer fallow treatment and five spring crop treatments [spring canola (Brassica napus L.), oat (Avena sativa L.) + pea (Pisum sativum L.) for forage, proso millet (Panicum miliaceum L.), dry bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.), and corn (Zea mays L.)] were no-till seeded into sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) residue in a randomized complete block design with five replications during 1999, 2000, and 2001. Winter wheat was planted in the fall following the spring crops. Five N fertilizer treatments (0, 22, 45, 67, and 90 kg N ha-1) were randomly assigned to each previous spring crop
Dichanthelium acuminatum subsp. implicatum (Scribn.) Freckmann & Lelong; Dichanthelium acuminatum subsp. lindheimeri (Nash) Freckmann & Lelong; Dichanthelium implicatum (Scribn.) Kerguélen; Dichanthelium lanuginosum (Ell.) Gould; Dichanthelium lindheimeri (Nash) Gould; Panicum acuminatum Sw.; Panicum huachucae Ashe; Panicum implicatum Scribn.; Panicum lanuginosum Ell.; Panicum lindheimeri Nash; ...
O manejo do pastejo tem grande influência sobre produtividade animal a pasto, resposta à adubação e longevidade da pastagem, seja em sistemas adubados ou não adubados. É necessário conhecer o manejo do...
TopTropicals exotic plant encyclopedia. Plant%20profile%20-%20Species:%20Setaria%20palmifolia%2c%20Panicum%20palmifolium%2c%20Botanical%20Family:%20Poaceae%2c%20Plant%20common%20name:%20Palmgrass%2c%20Highland%20Pitpit%2c%20Plant%20origin:%20Asia
Panicum urvilleanum, a monocot, is a perennial grass that is native to California and is also found elsewhere in North America and beyond. ...
Witchgrass (Panicum capillare) is a monocot weed in the Poaceae family. In Ontario this weed first evolved resistance to Group C1/5 herbicides in 1981 and infests Corn (maize), and Cropland. Group C1/5 herbicides are known as Photosystem II inhibitors (Inhibition of photosynthesis at photosystem II). Research has shown that these particular biotypes are resistant to atrazine and they may be cross-resistant to other Group C1/5 herbicides. The Group letters/numbers that you see throughout this web site refer to the classification of herbicides by their site of action. To see a full list of herbicides and HRAC herbicide classifications click here.. ...
The genus name Dichanthelium was employed in both Flora mesoamericana and the Manual for seven spp. (in Costa Rica) that had previously been included in Panicum, e.g., by the late Richard W. Pohl (ISC) in his Flora costaricensis Poaceae treatment (1980). More recently, an important molecular study [see The Cutting Edge 10(3): 4, Jul. 2003] recommended that Panicum be restricted to the spp. ( ca. 100) comprising the autonymic subgenus, while supporting the distinctness of Dichanthelium, contingent upon the removal of several spp. The spp. to be removed from Dichanthelium formed a monophyletic group, previously distinguished as Panicum sect. Cordovensia (Hitchc. & Chase) Parodi, that appeared more closely related to Echinochloa than to either Dichanthelium or Panicum s. str. These exiled spp. are the subject of this synoptic treatment, wherein sect. Cordovensia is elevated to generic rank under the name Parodiophyllochloa Zuloaga & Morrone (something shorter would have been nice). New combinations ...
Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) is a warm-season perennial grass with promising potential as a bioenergy crop in the United States. However, the lack of genomic resources has slowed the development of plant lines with optimal characteristics for sustainable feedstock production. We generated high-density single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) linkage maps using a reduced-representation sequencing approach by genotyping 231 F1 progeny of a cross between two parents of lowland ecotype from the cultivars Kanlow and Alamo. Over 350 million reads were generated and aligned, which enabled identification and ordering of 4611 high-quality SNPs. The total lengths of the resulting framework maps were 1770 cM for the Kanlow parent and 2059 cM for the Alamo parent. These maps show collinearity with maps generated with polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based simple-sequence repeat (SSR) markers, and new SNP markers were identified in previously unpopulated regions of the genome. Transmission segregation ...
Publications Peer reviewed papers: Lowry D. B., K. D. Behrman, P. Grabowski, G. P. Morris, J. R. Kiniry, T. E. Juenger. Local and climatic adaptations across the Panicum virgatum species complex. In review Sexton J. P., M. B. Hufford, A. Bateman, D. B. Lowry, H. Meimberg, S. Y. Strauss, K. J. Rice. Mechanisms generating species range limits: Inference from patterns of gene flow and abundance across a species range. In review Lowry, D. B., C. T. Purmal, T. E. Juenger. A population genetic transect of Panicum hallii (Poaceae). American Journal of Botany In revision Wright, K. M., D. Lloyd, D. B. Lowry, M. R. Macnair, J. H. Willis. Indirect evolution of hybrid lethality due to linkage with selected locus in Mimulus guttatus. provisionally accepted Lowry, D. B. (2012) Ecotypes and the controversy over stages in the formation of new species. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society. 106: 241-257. Lowry, D. B., C. S. Sheng, Z. Zhu, T. E. Juenger, B. Lahner, D. E. Salt, J. H. Willis. (2012) Mapping ...
Publications Peer reviewed papers: Lowry D. B., K. D. Behrman, P. Grabowski, G. P. Morris, J. R. Kiniry, T. E. Juenger. Local and climatic adaptations across the Panicum virgatum species complex. In review Sexton J. P., M. B. Hufford, A. Bateman, D. B. Lowry, H. Meimberg, S. Y. Strauss, K. J. Rice. Mechanisms generating species range limits: Inference from patterns of gene flow and abundance across a species range. In review Lowry, D. B., C. T. Purmal, T. E. Juenger. A population genetic transect of Panicum hallii (Poaceae). American Journal of Botany In revision Wright, K. M., D. Lloyd, D. B. Lowry, M. R. Macnair, J. H. Willis. Indirect evolution of hybrid lethality due to linkage with selected locus in Mimulus guttatus. provisionally accepted Lowry, D. B. (2012) Ecotypes and the controversy over stages in the formation of new species. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society. 106: 241-257. Lowry, D. B., C. S. Sheng, Z. Zhu, T. E. Juenger, B. Lahner, D. E. Salt, J. H. Willis. (2012) Mapping ...
(Panicum miliaceum) Millet origin There are many different versions about the origin of millet. The truth is that, due to its consumption began thousands of years ago, there is no certain way to precise it. Its consumption has been known for more than 5,000 years, but not in a particular area, but
Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) is a potential biofuel crop in the midwestern United States. The objective of this experiment was to test the effect of nitrogen application on biomass dry matter yield and fiber and mineral concentrations in large field plots in Lucas and Wayne counties in southern Iowa. Two established switchgrass fields with a previous history of limited management were evaluated from 1998 through 2002. Nitrogen was applied in the spring at rates of 0, 56, 112, and 224 kg N ha−1, and a single biomass harvest was made in autumn. Biomass production averaged across locations and N levels increased by 3.6 mg ha−1 between 1998 and 2002 to 6.5 mg ha−1. Nitrogen improved yields, with the response declining as N levels increased. The highest yield throughout the experiment was 8.5 mg ha−1 at the Lucas location in 2002. Changes in fiber and mineral concentrations did not follow any trend over years but were likely due to differences in harvest date among years. Nitrogen fertilization
Treatment with dilute sulfuric acid (H2SO4) or calcium hydroxide (Ca(OH)2) at 121°C and 103.4 kPa was used to improve the efficiency of the cellulose digestion of purple guinea grass. Cellulase hydrolysis of the dilute H2SO4-pretreated purple guinea grass under optimized conditions (6% (w/v) in 3% (w/v) H2SO4 for 30 min) yielded a slightly higher level of reducing sugars than that from the Ca(OH)2 pretreatment under optimized conditions (6% (w/v) in 4% (w/v) Ca(OH)2 for 5 min). However, the level of glucose released from the Ca(OH)2-pretreated purple guinea grass was slightly higher than that from the dilute H2SO4 pretreatment. Ethanol fermentation, via the separate hydrolysis and fermentation (SHF) process using Saccharomyces cerevisiae, of the Ca(OH)2-pretreated purple guinea grass and then hydrolyzed with commercial cellulase (9 PFU/g, dry wt.) for 6 h yielded ethanol at 0.44 g/g glucose (0.21 g/g cellulose) within 48 h, while that from the simultaneous saccharification and fermentation ...
Citation: Palmer, N.A., Saathoff, A., Donze-Reiner, T., Waters, B., Heng-Moss, T., Twigg, P., Tobias, C.M., Sarath, G. 2014. Global changes in mineral transporters in tetraploid switchgrasses (Panicum virgatum L.). Frontiers in Plant Science. 4:1-12. Interpretive Summary: Switchgrass is a native perennial prairie grass that has been targeted for use as a bioenergy crop. Mineral nutrition is an important aspect of plant growth. Lowering levels of minerals required to produce a unit of biomass is an important factor in long term sustainable production from perennial bioenergy crops, and biomass with lower mineral content can improve conversion into fuels. Although, plants absorb minerals from the soil to sustain growth, some of these minerals can be returned to the perennial structures at the end of the growing season. In general, early in the growing season minerals are absorbed from the soil and transit via the roots to the above-ground shoots and leaves. At the end of the growing season some ...
Although Agrobacterium tumefaciens has been successfully used to transfer genes to a wide range of plant species, it has received little attention for transformation of forage grasses. Therefore, the objective of the present study was to demonstrate Agrobacterium-mediated transformation of switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.). The A. tumefaciens strain AGL 1 carrying the binary vector pDM805, coding for the phosphinothricin acetyltransferase (bar) and β-glucuronidase (gus) genes, was utilized in these experiments. Somatic embryos, embryogenic calluses, mature caryopses, and plantlet segments served as target tissues for infection. Treated cultures were selected in the presence of 10 mg L−1 bialaphos and the resultant plantlets were treated with the herbicide Basta [monoammonium 2-amino-4(hydroxymethylphosphinyl)butanoate]. T-DNA delivery efficiency was affected by genotype, explant used and the presence or absence of acetosyringone (3′,5′-dimethoxy-4′-hydroxyacetophenone) during ...
|p||strong|After Dye Conditioning Shampoo|/strong||span||br /| |span|Ingredients: Aqua/Water, Cetearyl Alcohol, Decyl Glucoside, Glycerin,|/span| |span|Behenyl Alcohol, Hydrolyzed Rice Protein, Panicum Miliaceum (Millet) Seed|/span| |span|Extract, Rosmari
Eriochloa debilis Mez, more, Eriochloa longifolia (Vasey) Vasey, Eriochloa mollis (Michx.) Kunth, Eriochloa mollis var. longifolia Vasey, Eriochloa mollis var. mollis (Michx.) Kunth, Panicum digitarioides Carp., Panicum georgicum Spreng., Panicum michauxianum Schult. ...
The inherent recalcitrance of lignocellulosic biomass is one of the major economic hurdles for the production of fuels and chemicals from biomass. Additionally, lignin is recognized as having a negative impact on enzymatic hydrolysis of biomass, and as a result much interest has been placed on modifying the lignin pathway to improve bioconversion of lignocellulosic feedstocks. Down-regulation of the caffeic acid 3-O-methyltransferase (COMT) gene in the lignin pathway yielded switchgrass (Panicum virgatum) that was more susceptible to bioconversion after dilute acid pretreatment. Here we examined the response of these plant lines to milder pretreatment conditions with yeast-based simultaneous saccharification and fermentation and a consolidated bioprocessing approach using Clostridium thermocellum, Caldicellulosiruptor bescii and Caldicellulosiruptor obsidiansis. Unlike the S. cerevisiae SSF conversions, fermentations of pretreated transgenic switchgrass with C. thermocellum showed an apparent inhibition
Abstract : The commonly named Guinea grass of the Poaceace family is a native African grass that has been extensively and successfully introduced as a source of animal fodder to other tropical areas of both hemispheres. On a global scale but particularly in the southern United States, the Caribbean and Hawaii, it is becoming a serious threat to biodiversity not only due to its invasiveness but also because it produces high fuel loads for fires. For the first time, a biological control program is being attempted in Texas. Source populations of the Texan invasion have to be identified in the native range in order to facilitate the search for potential biological control agents. This raises the critical issue of a proper taxonomic identification for this taxon with a history of taxonomic revisions, multiple scenarios of massive introductions and hybridization and polyploidisation events. Guinea grass in the strict sense should refer to Megathyrsus maximus (Jacq.), also known as Panicum maximum and ...
Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum) is a perennial C4 grass native to North America primarily valued as a next-generation feedstock for biofuel production.
Fine roots play a key role in the global carbon © cycle because much of the C accumulating in soil is the result of fine root production and turnover. Here we explore the effect of plant community composition and diversity on fine root production in surface soils and plant biomass allocation to fine roots in six perennial cropping systems differing in composition and diversity planted as biofuel feedstocks. The six systems were established in 2008 at both a high and a moderate fertility site located in the upper Midwest, USA and included: switchgrass (Panicum virgatum), miscanthus (Miscanthus × giganteus), hybrid poplar (Populus nigra × P. maximowiczii NM6), native grasses (a five-species assemblage of Andropogon gerardii, Elymus canadensis, P. virgatum, Schizachrium scoparium, and Sorghastrum nutans), an early successional system, and a restored prairie with 25 sown grass, legume, and forb species. For three years (2011-2013) at both sites ingrowth cores were deployed each spring; half were ...
Background: Genetic engineering has been effective in altering cell walls for biofuel production in the bioenergy crop, switchgrass (Panicum virgatum). However, regulatory issues arising from gene flow may prevent commercialization of engineered switchgrass in the eastern United States where the species is native. Depending on its expression level, microRNA156 (miR156) can reduce, delay, or eliminate flowering, which may serve to decrease transgene flow. In this unique field study of transgenic switchgrass that was permitted to flower, two low (T14 and T35) and two medium (T27 and T37) miR156-overexpressing Alamo lines with the transgene under the control of the constitutive maize (Zea mays) ubiquitin 1 promoter, along with nontransgenic control plants, were grown in eastern Tennessee over two seasons ...
Background: Genetic engineering has been effective in altering cell walls for biofuel production in the bioenergy crop, switchgrass (Panicum virgatum). However, regulatory issues arising from gene flow may prevent commercialization of engineered switchgrass in the eastern United States where the species is native. Depending on its expression level, microRNA156 (miR156) can reduce, delay, or eliminate flowering, which may serve to decrease transgene flow. In this unique field study of transgenic switchgrass that was permitted to flower, two low (T14 and T35) and two medium (T27 and T37) miR156-overexpressing Alamo lines with the transgene under the control of the constitutive maize (Zea mays) ubiquitin 1 promoter, along with nontransgenic control plants, were grown in eastern Tennessee over two seasons ...
Scholthof, Karen-Beth - Texas A&M University (TAMU) Scholar profile, educations, publications, research, grants, awards, courses, concepts, and topics. My molecular plant virology research is on a virus complex of Panicum mosaic virus (PMV) and its satellite virus (SPMV). For molecular genetic studies on the PMV/SPMV virus:host interactions we are using the model grass, Brachypodium distachyon. My primary area of research is the historiography of Tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) in the early 20th century in the United States.
The genus Panicovirus (from Panicum mosaic virus, the type member) is one of 11 genera in the family Tombusviridae. All the genera are morphologically similar, with icosahedral particles and small, (usually) monopartite ss RNA genomes. The genome and coat protein sizes are similar to those of the genus Machlomovirus, but there are differences in genome organisation and translation strategy ...
Accent® Q herbicide delivers selective, postemergence control of grass and broadleaf weeds including foxtails, wild proso millet, woolly cupgrass and fall panicum in field corn, seed corn, sweet corn and popcorn.
These ornamental grasses are Deciduous: Cut back stems close to ground level from late February through to the end of March. Cut stems can be left on border as natural mulch or composted.. ...
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location ...
The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria.
The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria.
The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria.
The wild antecedent of foxtail millet has been securely identified as Setaria viridis, which is interfertile with foxtail millet; wild or weedy forms of foxtail millet also exist. Zohary and Hopf note that the primary difference between the wild and cultivated forms is their seed dispersal biology. Wild and weedy forms shatter their seed while the cultivars retain them.[10] The reference genome for foxtail millet was completed in 2012.[7][11][12] Genetic comparisons also confirm that S. viridis is the antecedent of S. italica.[7] The earliest evidence of the cultivation of this grain comes from the Peiligang culture of China, which also cultivated Panicum miliaceum, but foxtail millet became the predominant grain only with the Yangshao culture.[10] More recently, the Cishan culture of China has been identified as the earliest to domesticate foxtail millet around 6500-5500 BC.[13] The earliest evidence for foxtail millet cultivation outside of its native distribution is at Chengtoushan in the ...
Eleusine coracana. Une autre espèce de millet. Lorsquon dit millet, on doit se demander de quel millet est-il question au juste. Il y a, comme ici, le Eleusine coracana, léleusine, cultivé dans les régions fraiches des basses latitudes. Il y a le Pennisetum (voir ce genre) typhoides, millet perlé, ou le mil pénicillaire (ce nom inclus aussi les espèces P. glaucum, P. typhideum, P. americanum). Cest le plus cultivé de tous. Il y a le Panicum miliaceum, le millet panic ou millet commun, cultivé dans les pays tempérés. Le Setaria glauca, le millet des oiseaux, aussi cultivé dans les zones tempérées. Il sert communément comme nourriture doiseaux de cage. Il y a enfin le Panicum sumafrense, le millet indien, cultivé dans cette région du monde et plus à lest encore. Il y a aussi un millet sauvage, le Millium effusum, le millet diffus, qui nest un millet quau niveau botanique et non agricole ...
Morse, 2006) I have uric acid problem, also hypothyroid problem...I feel fatigue after eating any thing like idly or rice s shall take raagii and jawari malt instead of idli and rice also chapathis and curries in the afternoon... Can Foxtail Millet be eaten raw after powdering it as an energy drink? Pls tell me sir. Three to four decades ago, foxtail millet was consumed as the staple food. Common Name: Foxtail Millet Scientific Name: Setaria varidis Family: Poaceae Warm-Season Grass. Do fox tail millets cause heat in our body? Italian foxtail. Foxtail Millets suppress thyroid activity and can lead to goiter. Foxtail millet (Setaria italica L.). Your Query - This is a community service. It is in flower from August to October, and the seeds ripen from September to October. It escaped from cultivation and is now naturalized in some locales. The probable progenitor of this millet in the genus Panicum based on the genetical stud- ies has not been found yet. It is a good herbal remedy for the patient ...
Pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum), also known as Bajra, is one of the four most important cereals (rice, maize, sorghum and millets) grown in tropical semi-arid regions of the world primarily in Africa and Asia. Our aim is to review the potential health benefits of pearl millet. Desk reviews from Gujarat Agricultural Universities, libraries, PubMed and other web sources, key informant interviews of farmers (n=30), local leaders (sarpanch) (n=30) and women (n=960) from pearl millet belt of Banaskantha district of Gujarat. Pearl millet is rich in several nutrients as well as non-nutrients such as phenols. It has high energy, has less starch, high fiber (1.2g/100g, most of which is insoluble), 8-15 times greater α-amylase activity as compared to wheat, has low glycemic index (55) and is gluten free. The protein content ranges from 8 to 19% and it is low in lysine, tryptophan, threonine and the sulfur-containing amino acids. The energy of millet is greater than sorghum and nearly equal to that of ...
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Over the past 10 years, resources have been established for the genetic analysis of pearl millet, Pennisetum glaucum (L.) R. Br., an important staple crop of the semi-arid regions of India and Africa. Among these resources are detailed genetic maps containing both homologous and heterologous restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) markers, and simple sequence repeats (SSRs). Genetic maps produced in four different crosses have been integrated to develop a consensus map of 353 RFLP and 65 SSR markers. Some 85% of the markers are clustered and occupy less than a third of the total map length. This phenomenon is independent of the cross. Our data suggest that extreme localization of recombination toward the chromosome ends, resulting in gaps on the genetic map of 30 cM or more in the distal regions, is typical for pearl millet. The unequal distribution of recombination has consequences for the transfer of genes controlling important agronomic traits from donor to elite pearl millet ...
Finger millet (Eleusine corocana subsp. coracana), an important cereal in East Africa and India, is a tetraploid species with unknown genomic components. A recent cytogenetic study confirmed the direct origin of this millet from the tetraploid E. coracana subsp. africana but questioned Eleusine indica as a genomic donor. Chloroplast (ct) DNA sequence analysis using restriction fragment pattern was used to examine the phylogenetic relationships between E. coracana subsp. coracana (domesticated finger millet), E. coracana subspecies africana (wild finger millet), and E. indica. Eleusine tristachya was included since it is the only other annual diploid species in the genus with a basic chromosome number of x = 9 like finger millet. Eight of the ten restriction endonucleases used had 16 to over 30 restriction sites per genome and were informative. E. coracana subsp. coracana and subsp. africana and E. indica were identical in all the restriction sites surveyed, while the ct genome of E, tristachya ...
Foxtail and Proso Millet. D.D. Baltensperger 1996. p.182-190. In: J. Janick (ed.), Progress in New Crops. ASHS Press, Alexandria, VA. Progress with Proso, Pearl and Other Millets David D. Baltensperger Millets: Alternative Field Crops Manual, University of Wisconson Cooperative Extension Service, University of Minnesota Extension Service, Center for Alternative Plant & Animal Products. Variation in electrophoregrams of total seed protein and Wx protein in foxtail millet. Afzal, M., M. Kawase, H. Nakayama, and K. Okuno. 1996. p. 191-195. In: J. Janick (ed.), Progress in new crops. ASHS Press, Alexandria, VA. Foxtail Millet In: Magness J.R. et al. 1971. Food and feed crops of the United States.. ...
This study characterizes the changes to polysaccharides in terms of their abundance, accessibility, and affinity for binding by a range of cellulolytic enzymes and CBMs in the cell walls of grasses and dicots that were alkaline hydrogen peroxide (AHP) pretreated at varied severities or hydrothermally pretreated followed by AHP post-treatment. These bioenergy feedstocks represent relatively diverse cell wall phenotypes, including the monocots switchgrass (Panicum virgatum cv. Cave-In-Rock), corn stovers (a commercial hybrid and inbred brown midrib lines bm1 and bm3), and Miscanthus spp. and herbaceous and woody dicots including goldenrod (Solidago spp.) and hybrid poplar (Populus spp.). It was shown that increasing H2O2 loading results in increasing digestibility only for monocot grasses, while the digestibility of dicots is saturated at low H2O2 loadings. Polysaccharide accessibility in the residual cell wall is characterized through glycome profile which involves screening successive cell ...
Although the scientific name and the most common U.S. name is provided above, most of these crops are known by multiple common names, which will be provided in the sections later in this publication on each crop. If you ever order seed of one of these millets, be sure to order exactly what you want - if you go in asking for millet and expecting pearl millet, you may get something completely different like proso millet. Foxtail millet in particular is sold under many names in the U.S., such as Italian millet or German millet.. A few other grasses harvested for seed are sometimes referred to as millets. Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor), a common crop in the U.S. also known as milo, has been called the great millet in Africa, where it originated. Jobs Tears (Coix lacryma-jobi), also referred to as adlay millet, is from southeast Asia where it grows as a perennial, but it can be grown as a summer annual in temperate regions. The seeds grow in a hard, rounded fruiting shell, or caryopsis, about the size ...
O presente estudo teve por objetivo avaliar os efeitos da cobertura do solo com palhi o de cana-dea car sobre a emerg ncia de Brachiaria plantaginea, Panicum maximum e Digitaria nuda. O experimento foi conduzido em um solo classificado como Nitossolo Vermelho. Foram avaliadas sete diferentes quantidades de coberturas do solo com palhi o de cana-de-a car (0, 3, 6, 9, 12, 15 e 18 t ha-1). Utilizou-se o palhi o da variedade SP83-2847. O delineamento experimental utilizado foi de blocos casualizados com quatro repeti es. Cada unidade experimental continha as tr s esp cies e foram alocadas na regi o central das parcelas, semeadas a 1 cm de profundidade em uma rea demarcada, que posteriormente foram cobertas pelas diferentes quantidades de palhi o distribu das uniformemente. A taxa de semeadura utilizada foi para obter-se 1.200 planta m-2. O estudo foi compreendido por duas fases. Na primeira fase foi avaliada a emerg ncia das plantas daninhas sob cobertura de palhi o de cana aos 9, 12, 19, 34 e 43 ...
The long-term carbon balance of the agricultural Midwestern United States will depend on the interactions between climate, land use decisions, plant biology, and biogeochemistry. In agricultural systems, C storage is fully determined by belowground pools, so it is vital to understand the links between root placement and C status under a variety of potential future conditions and land use types. I considered three such links: the long-term trajectory of soil C in a conventional maize-soybean rotation subjected to climate change, the potentially major increase in root C inputs associated with a change from row crops to high-yielding perennial grasses (Miscanthus × giganteus and Panicum virgatum), and the taxonomic partitioning of vertical niche space in a restored prairie. To determine the effect of climate change on soil C in conventional row crop agriculture, I measured root and soil respiration under soybeans and maize grown under elevated temperature (ambient + ~2 °C) and elevated CO2 (+200 ...
The genus Setaria is widely distributed in warm and temperate areas. Foxtail millet is the most economically valuable of the genus. Foxtail millet is one of the world s oldest cultivated crops. Foxtail was the most important plant food in the neolithic culture in China, and its domestication and cultivation was the earliest identifiable manifestation of this culture, the beginning of which has been estimated at over 4,000 years ago (Chang 1968). Foxtail millet is also known as Italian millet, German millet, or hay millet (Baltensperger 1996). Malm and Rachie (1971) thoroughly reviewed the domestication of foxtail millets and the taxonomy.. Foxtail millet was and is by far the most important millet in China, although the growing area of it declined from 1986 to 1990 as maize increased (Jiaju and Yuzhi 1993). China produced more than 90% of the world foxtail output, according to 1981 to 1985 estimates (Dendy 1995).. In the US, foxtail millet was introduced from the old world about the middle of ...
Genera In Family: 650--900 genera; +- 10550 species: worldwide; greatest economic importance of any family (wheat, rice, maize, millet, sorghum, sugar cane, forage crops, ornamental, weeds; thatching, weaving, building materials). Note: Generally wind-pollinated. Achnatherum, Ampelodesmos, Hesperostipa, Nassella, Piptatherum, Piptochaetium, Ptilagrostis moved to Stipa; Elytrigia, Leymus, Pascopyrum, Pseudoroegneria, Taeniatherum to Elymus; Hierochloe to Anthoxanthum; Lolium, Vulpia to Festuca; Lycurus to Muhlenbergia; Monanthochloe to Distichlis; Pleuraphis to Hilaria; Rhynchelytrum to Melinis. The following taxa (in genera not included here), recorded in California from historical collections or reported in literature, are extirpated, lacking vouchers, or not considered naturalized: Acrachne racemosa (Roth) Ohwi, Allolepis texana (Vasey) Soderstr. & H.F. Decker, Amphibromus nervosus (Hook. f.) Baill., Axonopus affinis Chase, Axonopus fissifolius (Raddi) Kuhlm., Coix lacryma-jobi L., Cutandia ...
Genera In Family: 650--900 genera; +- 10550 species: worldwide; greatest economic importance of any family (wheat, rice, maize, millet, sorghum, sugar cane, forage crops, ornamental, weeds; thatching, weaving, building materials). Note: Generally wind-pollinated. Achnatherum, Ampelodesmos, Hesperostipa, Nassella, Piptatherum, Piptochaetium, Ptilagrostis moved to Stipa; Elytrigia, Leymus, Pascopyrum, Pseudoroegneria, Taeniatherum to Elymus; Hierochloe to Anthoxanthum; Lolium, Vulpia to Festuca; Lycurus to Muhlenbergia; Monanthochloe to Distichlis; Pleuraphis to Hilaria; Rhynchelytrum to Melinis. The following taxa (in genera not included here), recorded in California from historical collections or reported in literature, are extirpated, lacking vouchers, or not considered naturalized: Acrachne racemosa (Roth) Ohwi, Allolepis texana (Vasey) Soderstr. & H.F. Decker, Amphibromus nervosus (Hook. f.) Baill., Axonopus affinis Chase, Axonopus fissifolius (Raddi) Kuhlm., Coix lacryma-jobi L., Cutandia ...
Anaerobic degradation of wild halophytes (Kalidium caspicum, Salicornia europaea and Climacoptera lanata) from solonchaks ofKyzylkum desert in comparison with conventional glycophyte Panicum coloratum was studied. Lab-scale reactors were fed with dried and milled plant biomass. Tests were operated mder batch and continuous mode at mesophilic (M) and thermophilic (T) temperatures. High concentrations of chlorides, sulphates, sodium and potassium and low contents of nutrients were revealed in the biomass. Batch-tests showed that total methane-yields at M and T conditions were similar. Maximum biogas was produced in result of anaerobic digestion of Kalidium caspicum (about 1000 mL C~ from lL of sludge at T and M-conditions); 950/900 mLIL was obtained in result of digestion of Salicornia europaea at T and M respectively; digestion of Panicum coloratum produced about 900/800 mLIL and Climacoptera lanata - 880/700 mLIL. It was revealed that 72-90% of organic fractions of K.caspicum and 54-90% of ...
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Urochloa brachyura. Ce taxon (syn.: Panicum brachyurum) est présent au Zimbabwe, en Namibie, en Afrique du Sud, au Zambie, au Zimbabwe. Il est considéré comme comestible (voir lAppendix A). Ce timbre fait parti dune série sur les graminées du Bophuthatswana. Cliquez sur Hyparrhenia, Panicum et Cenchrus dans la liste taxonomique pour voir les autres dans cette série. Celui-ci est le seul illustrant un Urochloa, à ce que je sache.. ...
annuus avena barley bean beans bicolor canariensis canary cathamus cereale cotton distichon foxtail italian glycine gossypium grasses helianthus hordeum italica lupins lupinus maize max mays miliaceum millet oats panicum papaver somniferum poppy peas phalaris pisum popcorn rye ryecorn safflower sativa secale setaria sorghum soybeans sunflowers sweetcorn tinctorius triticale triticosecale triticum vulgare vigna vicia phaseolus wheat zea plant weed birdseed
Foxtail millet is a food which may result in allergy symptoms in sensitised individuals.. Foxtail Millet Allergy Test: Allergen Exposure. The term millet covers the seeds of a broad range of taxonomically distinct species of grass. Foxtail millet (and the other plants bearing the name millet) are not close relatives of wheat or other cereals, and tend to be cultivated in areas where more popular cereal crops are unable to flourish. They are also ideal where a swift yield is more desirable than a large one, for example in nomadic communities, as the plant matures quickly.. In developed countries, foxtail millet is used mainly in animal fodder and for bird seed. It is an annual grass which yields seedheads containing multiple small seeds, each around 2mm long, covered by a thin, paper-like hull, which can be removed effectively via threshing. The main production area is China, but this is the most important millet in Japan and is widely cultivated in India. Its early maturity and efficient use of ...
Finger millet (Eleusine corocana) is a staple of some communities living on the Jos Plateau of north-central Nigeria. Having reported in 2003 on the nutrient content of the more-common tan-colored finger millet, we were interested in knowing the content of essential amino acids, fatty acids and minerals and trace elements of a dark, rust-colored finger millet called black millet that is also cul
kezhvaragu/finger millet - the centre of attraction First in the series of Dosais would be Kezhvaragu Dosai. Kezhvaragu in Tamil, is Finger Millet in English and locally Ragi in Karnataka, the southern Indian state which is the largest producer of Finger Millet in India. It is also called Keppai in Tamil. I give…
The root microbes play pivotal roles in plant productivity, nutrient uptakes and disease resistance. The root microbial community structure has been extensively investigated by 16S/18S/ITS amplicons and metagenomic sequencing in crops and model plants. However, the functional associations between root microbes and host plant growth are poorly understood. This work investigates the root bacterial community of foxtail millet (Setaria italica) and its potential effects on host plant productivity. |br| We determined the bacterial composition of 2,882 samples from foxtail millet rhizoplane, rhizosphere and corresponding bulk soils from two well-separated geographic locations by 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing. We identified 16,109 OTUs, and defined 187 OTUs as shared rhizoplane core OTUs. The β-diversity analysis revealed that microhabitat was the major factor shaping foxtail millet root bacterial community, followed by geographic locations. Large-scale association analysis identified the potential
ID K3Z5J1_SETIT Unreviewed; 507 AA. AC K3Z5J1; DT 28-NOV-2012, integrated into UniProtKB/TrEMBL. DT 28-NOV-2012, sequence version 1. DT 07-JUN-2017, entry version 37. DE RecName: Full=Phosphotransferase {ECO:0000256,RuleBase:RU362007}; DE EC=2.7.1.- {ECO:0000256,RuleBase:RU362007}; GN Name=LOC101765641 {ECO:0000313,EnsemblPlants:Si021809m}; GN ORFNames=SETIT_021809mg {ECO:0000313,EMBL:KQL14677.1}; OS Setaria italica (Foxtail millet) (Panicum italicum). OC Eukaryota; Viridiplantae; Streptophyta; Embryophyta; Tracheophyta; OC Spermatophyta; Magnoliophyta; Liliopsida; Poales; Poaceae; OC PACMAD clade; Panicoideae; Panicodae; Paniceae; Cenchrinae; Setaria. OX NCBI_TaxID=4555 {ECO:0000313,EnsemblPlants:Si021809m}; RN [1] {ECO:0000313,EMBL:KQL14677.1, ECO:0000313,EnsemblPlants:Si021809m, ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000004995} RP NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA]. RC STRAIN=cv. Yugu1 {ECO:0000313,EnsemblPlants:Si021809m, RC ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000004995}, and Yugu1 RC ...
The overall aim of this research was to develop genomic and genetic tools in foxtail millet that will be useful in improving biomass production in bioenergy crops such as switchgrass, napier grass, and pearl millet. A variety of approaches have been implemented, and our lab has been primarily involved in genome analysis and quantitative genetic analysis. Our progress in these activities has been substantially helped by the genomic sequence of foxtail millet produced by the Joint Genome Institute (Bennetzen et al., in prep). In particular, the annotation and analysis of candidate genes for architecture, biomass production and flowering has led to new insights into the control of branching and flowering time, and has shown how closely related flowering time is to vegetative architectural development and biomass accumulation. The differences in genetic control identified at high and low density plantings have direct relevance to the breeding of bioenergy grasses that are tolerant of high planting densities
Read Remarkable variability of apple mosaic virus capsid protein gene after nucleotide position 141, Archives of Virology on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
July 27, 2010. Agricultural Research Service (ARS) scientists have developed a new tool for deciphering the genetics of a native prairie grass being widely studied for its potential as a biofuel. The genetic map of switchgrass, published by Christian Tobias, a molecular biologist at the ARS Western Regional Research Center in Albany, Calif., and his colleagues, is expected to speed up the search for genes that will make the perennial plant a more viable source of bioenergy.. Switchgrass is now grown as a cattle feed and to restore depleted soils. But interest in using it as a biofuel has intensified in recent years because it can be burned to produce electricity and, like corn stalks, can be converted to ethanol. It also grows on marginal lands, is adaptable to different regions, and-as a perennial-does not need to be replanted each year, which means lower energy costs and less runoff.. To assemble the genetic map, the team crossed a commercial variety of switchgrass known as Kanlow with an ...
Birdola Birdola Plus Seed Cake Wild Bird Food Birdola Plus Seed Cake is a nutritious, tasty wild bird meal that contains black oil sunflower seeds, safflower, peanuts, white proso millet, calcium and grit. These seed cakes are held together with a natural binder to stay no matter what the weath...
The National Institute of Nutrition in Hyderabad, India, carried out a study of the total phenolic content and antioxidant activity of various pulses, legumes and cereals, including millets. Finger millet and Rajmah (a type of bean) were highest in antioxidant activity, while finger millet and black gram dhal (a type of lentil) had the highest total phenolic content ...
Similar Species: In the east, H. leonardus could be confused with the Common Branded Skipper (H.comma) and the Indian Skipper (H. sassacus). Hesperia comma may be distinguished by its greenish underside, and sassacus by its yellowish-orange underside and pale yellow spot band. In the west, subspecies pawnee may be confused with the Ottoe Skipper, Plains Skipper, and Dakota Skipper (H. ottoe, H.assiniboia and H. dacotae); distinguishing characters are given under ottoe. [compare images]. Early Stages: The larvae are pale brown, mottled with reddish brown. The head is black in subspecies leonardus, dark brown in subspecies pawnee. They feed on perennial grasses, including Little Bluestem (Schizachyrium scoparium), Blue Grama (Bouteloua gracilis), and panic grass (Panicum spp.) and hibernate as first- or second-instar larvae, completing most of their growth in their second year.. Abundance: Over the whole range H. leonardus is locally common but never abundant.. Flight Season: Both subspecies fly ...
During the 1999-2000 season, researchers in Colombia discovered populations of a grassland spittlebug, Prosapia simulans, a pest previously known to occur only from Mexico to Panama. Grassland spittlebugs are a widely distributed complex of species ranging from Ontario, Canada to Panama that are damaging pests of graminoid crops, particularly sugarcane and forage grasses (ie, Brachiaria decumbens or signal grass). This report is the first documentation of this species, as well as the genus Prosapia, in South America.. Also in 1999, the sugarcane aphid, Melanaphis sacchari, was collected in Louisiana, a new distribution record for this species in the continental U.S. Further surveys demonstrated that M. sacchari had already spread throughout most of the sugarcane producing areas in Louisiana. The aphid was initially found in the U.S. during 1977 on sugarcane in Florida. Besides sugarcane, this pest is known to infest other grasses, including species in the genera Sorghum, Oryza, and Panicum, ...
Itchgrass is an annual grass that is native to tropical Southeast Asia, and was introduced to the U.S. in the early 1920s (3, 4, 6, 7). Although it is a tropical native, it has the ability to grow and set seed in a wide range of conditions, which allowed it to quickly naturalize in Florida and Louisiana (1). Itchgrass prefers and is most competitive in saturated soils, but it can persist and compete in dry areas with rich soils (4). Itchgrass is commonly 3 to 6 feet tall, but can grow 10 feet high if left unchecked. Healthy plants can produce between 2,200 and 16,500 seeds per plant in prime conditions, and late emerging plants have the ability to set seed in about one month (4, 7). Itchgrass spreads via road construction equipment, farm machinery, birds, and wind (3, 9), and is now present in much of the southeast, including North Carolina (1). This annual grassy weed is similar in appearance to Johnsongrass and fall panicum. However, unlike these other two weedy grasses, itchgrass is covered ...
Panicum subdiv. Brachiaria Trin.. Annuals or perennials. Leaf-blades linear to lanceolate; ligule represented by a line of hairs. Inflorescence composed of racemes borne upon a common axis: rhachis triquetrous to ribbon-like, bearing single or sometimes paired spikelets, their lower glume adaxial. Spikelets ovate to oblong, plump, obtuse to acute, sometimes the lowest internode elongated, then often accrescent to the sheathing base of the lower glume and forming a short stipe; lower glume mostly shorter than the spikelet; upper glume as long as the spikelet, membranous or herbaceous; lower floret male or sterile, its lemma resembling the upper glume; upper lemma coriaceous to crustaceous, obtuse to acute, usually muticous, its margins covering only the edges of the palea; upper palea obtuse to subacute, its tip tucked within the lemma. Caryopsis elliptic, dorsally compressed.. A genus of about 90 species in the tropics and subtropics, mainly in Africa; 6 species occur in Pakistan.. Brachiaria ...
Glyphosate, one of the most applied herbicides globally, has been extensively studied for its effects on non-target organisms. In the field, following precipitation, glyphosate runs off into agricultural ditches where it infiltrates into the soil and thus may encounter the roots of vegetation. These edge-of-field ditches share many characteristics with wetlands, including the ability to reduce loads of anthropogenic chemicals through uptake, transformation, and retention. Different species within the ditches may have a differential sensitivity to exposure of the root zone to glyphosate, contributing to patterns of abundance of ruderal species. The present laboratory experiment investigated whether two species commonly found in agricultural ditches in southcentral United States were affected by root zone glyphosate in a dose-dependent manner, with the objective of identifying a sublethal concentration threshold. The root zone of individuals of Polygonum hydropiperoides and Panicum hemitomon were
The objectives of the study were to evaluate the yield performance of each genotype in relation to each environment, to examine the possible existence of different mega environments and to identify the winning genotype for each mega environment using GGE bi-plot method. Ten finger millet varieties which were for the experiment. The experiment was laid out using randomized complete block design with four replications in all testing sites. The plot size was four harvestable rows and spacing between rows was 40cm with the length of 5m long. All management practices such as cultivation, fertilization and weeding were done based on the recommendations for each test sites. Data for all relevant agronomic traits were collected, but only plot yield data converted to qt/ha was subjected to statistical analysis. The mean grain yield of the varieties was ranged from 18.9qt/ha to 15.3qt/ha. The highest mean was harvested from the variety Gudetu (18.9qt/ha) and the lowest from variety Meba (15.3qt/ha).Out of ten
PubMed Central Canada (PMC Canada) provides free access to a stable and permanent online digital archive of full-text, peer-reviewed health and life sciences research publications. It builds on PubMed Central (PMC), the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) free digital archive of biomedical and life sciences journal literature and is a member of the broader PMC International (PMCI) network of e-repositories.
Calcium is key for growth and we need plenty of it in our daily food from a very young age. Yet, about half the global population, mostly in Asia and Africa, lack calcium in their diet and are prone to many related ailments ranging from cardiovascular diseases and diabetes to bone loss, which leads to crippling osteoporosis at old age.. Scientists from Aberystwyth University, UK and the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) recommend biofortifying finger millet, an already calcium-rich dryland cereal grown in India and Africa, to combat this significant micronutrient deficiency.. One woman out of three and one man out of five will be exposed to bone loss and related fractures during their lives and the societal cost is rising fast, both in developed and developing countries. Think of a bone lifesaving account. Children need to get as much calcium as possible during their childhood to prevent osteoporosis which is very difficult to detect at an early stage. In ...
Finger millet health benefits include weight loss, diabetes control, stronger bones, better digestion, cancer prevention, etc. Learn the recipes to include finger miller in diet.
Study was intended for the development of ready to eat chicken snacks incorporating finger millet flour, which could be stored at ambient temperature.
It is rich in dietary fibre, protein, healthy micros (vitamin and minerals) and low in fat Those with… ... Heart Health: Proteins From Bran of Cereal Foxtail Millet May Be Good For Heart; Found A Study. Add methi seeds to urad dal while soaking. 10 Millet Recipes , Healthy Breakfast Recipes/Dinner Ideas , Weight loss Recipes , Millet Recipes For Weight Loss Thank you for watching this recipe video! Many people with diabetes and high cholesterol have substituted rice and wheat with positive millets as it was found to lower the blood sugar level and cholesterol. हमसे जुड़ने के लिए अपना ईमेल पता दर्ज करें और ईमेल द्वारा नए लेख, साक्षात्कार, वीडियो प्राप्त करें। Enter your email address to join us and receive notifications of new articles, interviews, videos by email. Taking forward this rich tradition of super foods, diabetologists in ...
It seems that the topic of alternative fuels are high on the list of hot topic the last few days. Here are some discussion threads I found on the web:. GreenCarCongress discusses the use of microbial fuel cells (MFC) to convert corn stover directly into electricity.. ARS researchers are looking into switching to switchgrass, a native prairie grass, as an alternative to corn in biofuel production. They say its a logical alternative to corn, as it grows well under minimum looking after. Each ton of dry switchgrass might yield as much as 96 gallons of ethanol.. FuturePundit cites a report that claims biodiesel is better than corn for ethanol, but opines that research funds are better spent on developing better photovoltaics. Mike at ifEnergy seems to agree.. ...
Seizure of children at Alamo compounds upheld. The Arkansas Court of Appeals says five members of the Tony Alamo Christian Ministries who are challenging the states seizure of their children have a valid point on appeal - but shouldve raised the issue at trial.. The parents say Circuit Judge Joe Griffin shouldnt have granted the Department of Human Services request for a directed verdict before they could present their case. The judge made his decision, saying a full hearing had been held beforehand regarding the childrens siblings - who had been placed in DHS custody.. The appeals court says it refused to reverse the decision because the claim was made first on appeal, not at the trial level.. The state took 23 children in 2008 after concerns of underage marriage and beatings in Alamos church.. ...
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Alamo Heights Cosmetic Dentist, Dr. Mark Nill specializes in dentistry procedures such as crowns, veneers, and whitening in the Alamo Heights, Texas area.
Pearl millet on CGIAR Genebank Platform | Pearl millet is the most widely grown millet and an important grain and forage crop in Africa and South Asia and a…
Satellite viruses are a polyphyletic group of viruses encoding structural components of their virions, but incapable of completing the infection cycle without the assistance of a helper virus. Satellite viruses have been described in animals, protists and plants. Satellite viruses replicating in plants have small icosahedral virions and encapsidate positive-sense RNA genomes typically carrying a single gene for the capsid protein. Thus, for genome replication these viruses necessarily depend on helper viruses which can belong to different families. Plant satellite viruses are classified into genera Albetovirus, Aumaivirus, Papanivirus and Virtovirus. This article describes the diversity and properties of these viruses.
"Panicum virgatum". Phytozome v9.1. Archived from the original on 2015-02-19. Retrieved 2013-07-10. Peng Z, Lu Y, Li L, Zhao Q, ...
Panicum miliaceum is a tetraploid species with a base chromosome number of 18, twice the base chromosome number of diploid ... Panicum miliaceum is a grain crop with many common names, including proso millet, broomcorn millet, common millet, hog millet, ... One of the two subgenomes within proso millet appears to have come from either Panicum capillare or a close relative of that ... Proso millet (Panicum miliaceum L.) fermentation for fuel ethanol production. Industrial Crops and Products 43, p. 602-605. ...
Panicum acostia. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 20 July 2007. v t e. ...
Malayalam: varige, varagu, varaku, s.m., Panicum frumentaceum; a grass Panicum. Tamil: சாமை cāmai (சாமி), s.m., A kind of grain ... சாமை, a kind of little millet, Panicum; சாமைவகை. (சங். அக.); புற்சாமை puṟ-cāmai, n. < id. + a species of little millet, Panicum ... Telegu: చామ cāma, ṭsāma, pl.m., The millet Panicum miliaceum Also compare బొంతచామలు Panicum frumentaceum< From Old Indo-Aryan ... also used for Panicum miliaceum. Kannada: baraga', s.m., baragu, s.n., 1. Panicum frumentaceum, Indian millet; 2. A kind of ...
Panicum spp., Solidago spp., Rubus idaeus, and Spiraea alba. This plant is known from six counties in Maine (Aroostook, Hancock ...
Panicum maximum. Tropical Forages. Megathyrsus. Archived 2016-03-04 at the Wayback Machine Grass Manual. Flora of North America ... Panicum maximum in West African plants - A Photo Guide.. ...
... panicum (Panicum spp.), other grasses, and sorghum (Sorghum spp.). Schnase (1984) reports observing birds drinking water from a ...
Poaceae: Afrachneria steudelii (Nees) Fourc., Panicum stapfianum Fourc. Polygalaceae: Muraltia mitior (Bergius) Levyns ex Fourc ...
... appear to prefer the small seeds of nutgrasses (Cyperus spp.), millets (Panicum spp.), and sedges to larger ...
Panicum griffonii Franch. Panicum humile Nees ex Steud. Panicum laetum Kunth Panicum laxum Sw. Panicum maximum Jacq. Panicum ... Panicum pansum Rendle Panicum parvifolium Lam. Panicum phragmitoides Stapf Panicum pilgeri Mez Panicum praealtum Afzel. ex Sw. ... Panicum afzelii Sw. Panicum anabaptistum Steud. Panicum antidotale Retz. Panicum brazzavillense Franch. Panicum brevifolium L. ... Panicum coloratum L. Panicum congoense Franch. Panicum dregeanum Nees Panicum fluviicola Steud. ...
Kennedy - ruzi grass; Panicum maximum cv. Makueni - guinea grass; Stylosanthes guianensis cv. Ubon; Stylosanthes capitata + S. ... Dry matter yields and animal production of Guinea grass (Panicum maximum) on the humid tropical coast of North Queensland. ...
Panicum decompositum R.Br. Panicum effusum R.Br. Panicum pygmaeum R.Br. Paracaleana minor (R.Br.) Blaxell Parahebe formosa (R. ...
Panicum dichotomiflorum (fall panicgrass; native) Panicum miliaceum (proso millet; introduced from Asia) Panicum philadelphicum ... Philadelphia panicgrass; native) Panicum virgatum (switchgrass; native) Paspalum setaceum (thin paspalum; native) Phalaris ...
Panicum spp.), and Rice Cut-grass (Leersia oryzoides), are avidly consumed by this duck. One-fourth of the food consumed by ...
Robert H. Mohlenbrock, Miriam Wysong Meyer (2001). Robert H. Mohlenbrock (ed.). Grasses: Panicum to Danthonia. The Illustrated ...
Panicum spp., etc. which dominate subsequently. The abundance of grasses can be noticed during this period. The wet phase lasts ... Panicum, Themeda, etc. Species of Arundinella form the commonest grasses during the months of October and November. The pinkish ...
Panicum lineale, kōlea (Myrsine spp.), Stenogyne campanulata, Lobelia niihauensis, and Mann's Bluegrass (Poa mannii). Walsh, S ...
Setaria italica and Panicum miliaceum. "Report on Results of the 2019 Census". General Statistics Office of Vietnam. Retrieved ...
panici attacks Panicum grass species. P. s. pv. papulans attacks crabapple Malus sylvestris species. P. s. pv. phaseolicola ...
The larvae feed on Panicum maximus. The species name refers to a fusion of the two words herm[es] beginning and [sos]ybius ...
The larvae feed on Panicum torridum. They mine the leaves of their host plant. Zimmerman, Elwood C. (1978). Insects of Hawaii. ...
The painted bunting regularly eats a large quantity of grass seeds, including; Panicum, Amaranthus, Oxalis, Euphorbia and Carex ...
On Poa annua and Panicum sanguinale. The butterfly from June to September. "Erebia Dalman, 1816" at Markku Savela's Lepidoptera ...
Brachiaria) Yvesia Panicinae Louisiella Panicum (syn. Arthragrostis) Yakirra Cenchrinae Acritochaete Alexfloydia Cenchrus (syn ...
"Panicum hallii (ID 12791) - Genome - NCBI". www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. Retrieved 2020-12-31. "Physcomitrium patens (ID 383) - Genome ... "Index of /genomes/refseq/plant/Panicum_hallii/latest_assembly_versions/GCF_002211085.1_PHallii_v3.1". ftp.ncbi.nih.gov. ...
The larvae feed on Panicum species. Ponomarenko, M. G. (October-November 1997). "Catalogue of the Subfamily Dichomeridinae ( ...
In 1910 and 1915 Chase and Hitchcock coauthored two works on North American species of grasses from the genus Panicum, and in ... Tropical North American species of Panicum. Washington: Government Printing Office. OCLC 3315926. 1917, Hitchcock, A. S. & A. ...
Until recently this genus was part of Panicum. In 2010, Zuloaga, Scataglini, & Morrone proposed the transfer of the Panicum ... A phylogenetic evaluation of Panicum sects. Agrostoidea, Megista, Prionita and Tenera (Panicoideae, Poaceae): two new genera, ...
The larvae feed on Panicum virgatum. "GlobIZ search". Global Information System on Pyraloidea. Retrieved 2014-07-15. CS1 maint ...
Poaceae) Panicum ohwii (Poaceae) Sasa ohwii Koidz. (Rosaceae) Prunus ohwii Kaneh. & Hatus. (Ruscaceae) Ophiopogon ohwii Okuyama ...
couch panicum. dog-tooth grass. torpedograss. TAXONOMY: The scientific name of torpedo grass is Panicum repens L. (Poaceae) [2, ... SPECIES: Panicum repens The following table provides fire regime information that may be relevant to torpedo grass habitats ... Torpedograss (Panicum repens L.) control with lower rates of glyphosate. Tropical Pest Management. 36(4): 336-342. [81162]. 20. ... Torpedograss--Panicum repens, [Online]. In: Plant info and images--Invasive plant management plans. In: Center for Aquatic and ...
Satellite panicum mosaic virus cannot produce its own replication nor movement proteins, thus it depends entirely on panicum ... Panicum mosaic virus is a plant disease that infects monocots by invading through mechanical wounds. Because panicum mosaic ... There exists a satellite virus to panicum mosaic virus. Although little is known about the satellite panicum mosaic virus, the ... Because of the change in disease virulence to the main viral pathogen, panicum mosaic virus and satellite panicum mosaic virus ...
Several species, including proso millet (Panicum miliaceum) and little millet (P. sumatrense), are important food crops in Asia ... genus Panicum), large genus of forage and cereal grasses in the family Poaceae, distributed throughout tropical and warm ... Alternative Title: Panicum. Panicum, (genus Panicum), also called panicgrass, large genus of forage and cereal grasses in the ... Panicum grasses are a diverse group of plants and can be annuals or perennials. Many are tufted or have stolons or rhizomes ( ...
Panicum antidotale Panicum capillare Panicum lycopodioides Panicum maximum Proso millet Panicum phragmitoides Panicum repens ... bitter panicum (North America) Panicum anceps Michx. - beaked panicum (United States) Panicum antidotale Retz. - blue panicum ( ... Australian native dwarf panicum, rainforest panicum Panicum repens L. - torpedo grass (widely introduced) Panicum rigidum Balf. ... Well-known Panicum species include Panicum miliaceum (proso millet) and Panicum virgatum (switchgrass). Panicum abscissum ...
The grains of the grass Panicum turgidum, which have a flat and a round side, germinate much better when the flat rather than ... Other articles where Panicum turgidum is discussed: seed: The shape of dispersal units: ... The grains of the grass Panicum turgidum, which have a flat and a round side, germinate much better when the flat rather than ...
Panicum niihauense. The Nature Conservancy. USFWS. Panicum niihauense Five-year Review. January 2008. USDA Plants Profile. ... Panicum niihauense is a rare species of grass known by the common names lau ehu and Niihau panicgrass. It is endemic to Hawaii ...
Panicum és un gran gènere de plantes de la família de les poàcies. Compta amb unes 450 espècies natives de les regions ... A Wikimedia Commons hi ha contingut multimèdia relatiu a: Panicum. *↑ Germplasm Resources Information Network, consultada 24.06 ... Obtingut de «https://ca.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Panicum&oldid=24375159» ...
click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Panicum thumbnails at the Plants Gallery ... The Plants Database includes the following 72 species of Panicum . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles ...
click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Panicum thumbnails at the Plants Gallery ...
Retrieved from "https://species.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Panicum_repens&oldid=6071196" ...
Retrieved from "https://species.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Panicum_anabaptistum&oldid=468593" ...
Panicum verrucosum) supplied by member gardeners in the PlantFiles database at Daves Garden. ...
Particle bombardment Switchgrass Panicum virgatum L. Plant transformation Genetic engineering pANIC vector set ... Transformation of elite switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) genotypes would facilitate the characterization of genes related to ...
panicum virgatum. *Although a major component of the tall-grass prairies of the Great Plains, this grass is found throughout ...
Retrieve Jepson Interchange Index to Plant Names entry for Panicum dichotomiflorum Retrieve dichotomous key for Panicum Overlay ... PANICUM. MILLET, PANICGRASS. Robert Webster. Annual, perennial herb. Stems generally erect; internode solid to hollow inside. ...
Osbeck (1757) "listed a plant under the date of September 27 1751, as ~Panicum alopecuroides~ (without description), among ...
Panicum virgatum, Switchgrass, is an excellent grass seed wildlife and the best native grass for creating dense cover for ...
Panicum virgatum Shenandoah, including detailed growing advice and planting partners - on gardenersworld.com. ... Is Panicum Shenandoah poisonous?. Panicum Shenandoah has no toxic effects reported.. No reported toxicity to: No reported ... Panicum Shenandoah and wildlife. Panicum Shenandoah has no particular known value to wildlife in the UK. ... Panicum virgatum Shenandoah. Switchgrass. A table displaying which months are best to sow, plant and harvest.. Jan. Feb. Mar ...
Panicum brevifolium Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 59. 1753. 短叶黍 duan ye shu Panicum arborescens Linnaeus; P. brevifolium var. hirti- ...
Panicum bulbosum. Kingdom Plantae. Class Magnoliopsida. Order Poales. Family Poaceae. Genus Panicum. Specific Epithet bulbosum ...
Etymology: Panicum is a classical Latin name for millet, while milaceum means millet like. Synonyms: None Editor: SBuckley, ... Etymology: Panicum comes from the Latin word panis, meaning bread, or panus, meaning ear of millet. Miliaceum means millet. ...
Panicum urvilleanum, a monocot, is a perennial grass that is native to California and is also found elsewhere in North America ...
Panicum hillmanii, a monocot, is an annual grass that is not native to California; it was introduced from elsewhere and ...
Culms clustered, stiff, erect or ascending, 1-6 dm, usually at least some of the sheaths and internodes with distinctly bistratal pubescence consisting of intermingled short, soft, crisp hairs and much longer (1-2+ mm) coarser hairs; sheaths conspicuously striate; ligule a dense band of short (ca 1 mm or less) hairs in front of a thin line of longer (even to 5 mm) hairs; blades ascending, 4-9 cm נ3-7 mm, involute at the tip, glabrous or with a few scattered long hairs above, glabrous to more often hairy (with unequal hairs) beneath; primary panicle ovoid, 3-8 cm; spikelets finely hairy, ellipsoid, 1.7-2.6 mm; autumnal phase becoming widely spreading to prostrate, branched chiefly from the middle nodes, the blades scarcely reduced, the panicles much reduced and surpassed by the lvs; 2n=18. Sandy soil. Var. commonsianum, of the coastal plain from Mass. to Fla., is rather thinly hairy. (P. addisonii; P. mundum) The more copiously hairy var. euchlamydeum (Shinners) Pohl is more inland, occurring ...
Studying lignin biosynthesis in Panicum virgatum(switchgrass) has provided a basis for generating plants with reduced lignin ... Escamilla-Trevino LL, Shen H, Uppalapati SR, Ray T, Tang Y, Hernandez T, Yin Y, Xu Y, Dixon RA (2010) Switchgrass (Panicum ... McLaughlin SB, Adams Kszos L (2005) Development of switchgrass (Panicum virgatum) as a bioenergy feedstock in the United States ... Studying lignin biosynthesis in Panicum virgatum (switchgrass) has provided a basis for generating plants with reduced lignin ...
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Panicum chapmanii Vasey. Taxonomic Serial No.: 518235 (Download Help) Panicum chapmanii TSN 518235 ...
... collar region.. Flowers and fruit The seedhead is a large, open and spreading panicle that may be purple-tinted at ...
Panicum miliare var. hirtum Hook.f.. Synonym. WCSP. 2012-03-23. Panicum miliare var. simplex (Rottler ex Trin.) Nees. Synonym. ... Panicum psilopodium var. psilopodium Synonym. TRO. 2012-04-18. Panicum royleanum Nees ex Duthie [Invalid]. Synonym. WCSP. 2012- ... Panicum psilopodium var. coloratum Hook.f.. Synonym. WCSP. 2012-03-23. Panicum psilopodium var. epaleatum Keng f. ex S.L.Chen, ... Panicum simplex Rottler ex Trin.. Synonym. WCSP. 2012-03-23. Panicum simplex Willd. ex Spreng. [Invalid]. Synonym. WCSP. 2012- ...
Previous taxon: Panicum capillare. Next taxon: Panicum hillmanii. Name Search Contact/Feedback Citation for this treatment: ... Panicum dichotomiflorum subsp. dichotomiflorum. © 2011 Steve Matson. Panicum dichotomiflorum subsp. dichotomiflorum. © 2011 ... Panicum dichotomiflorum subsp. dichotomiflorum. © 2011 Steve Matson. Panicum dichotomiflorum subsp. dichotomiflorum. © 2011 ... Panicum dichotomiflorum subsp. dichotomiflorum. © 2011 Steve Matson. Panicum dichotomiflorum subsp. dichotomiflorum. © 2011 ...
  • Well-known Panicum species include Panicum miliaceum (proso millet) and Panicum virgatum (switchgrass). (wikipedia.org)
  • afezu (Africa, Asia) Panicum urvilleanum Kunth - desert panicgrass (North America) Panicum virgatum L. - switchgrass (North America) Formerly classified in this genus, according to The Plant List: Acostia gracilis, formerly named Panicum acostia R.D.Webster Echinochloa colona - jungle rice, formerly named Panicum colonum L. Echinochloa crus-galli - barnyard grass, formerly named Panicum crus-galli L. Urochloa panicoides - annual signal grass, formerly named Panicum helopus Trin. (wikipedia.org)
  • It was originally noted to infect switchgrass (Panicum virgatum), and was observed infecting St. Augustine Grass (Stenotaphrum secundatum) in Texas in 1966. (wikipedia.org)
  • Biolistic transformation of elite genotypes of switchgrass ( Panicum virgatum L. (springer.com)
  • Transformation of elite switchgrass ( Panicum virgatum L.) genotypes would facilitate the characterization of genes related to cell wall recalcitrance to saccharification. (springer.com)
  • Panicum virgatum , commonly known as switchgrass, is a perennial, deciduous grass native to the prairies of North America. (gardenersworld.com)
  • Panicum virgatum 'Shenandoah' is a lovely variety with green blades, the tips of which turn carmine-red in early summer. (gardenersworld.com)
  • For best results, grow Panicum virgatum 'Shenandoah' in full sun in well-drained soil. (gardenersworld.com)
  • Early lignin pathway enzymes and routes to chlorogenic acid in switchgrass ( Panicum virgatum L. (springer.com)
  • Studying lignin biosynthesis in Panicum virgatum (switchgrass) has provided a basis for generating plants with reduced lignin content and increased saccharification efficiency. (springer.com)
  • Escamilla-Trevino LL, Shen H, Uppalapati SR, Ray T, Tang Y, Hernandez T, Yin Y, Xu Y, Dixon RA (2010) Switchgrass ( Panicum virgatum ) possesses a divergent family of cinnamoyl CoA reductases with distinct biochemical properties. (springer.com)
  • Panicum virgatum Roxb. (theplantlist.org)
  • see panicum virgatum . (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Plant Fact Sheet, Panicum virgatum (switchgrass) 2006. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Chloroplast DNA and nuclear DNA content variations among cultivars of switchgrass, Panicum virgatum L. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Panicum virgatum = [01], ambiguous, rudimentary (pers. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • All of the returning workers appeared to be carrying the seeds of Panicum virgatum L. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Cytogeography of Panicum virgatum in central North America. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The tallgrass prairie is dominated by Andropogon gerardii (big bluestem), Schizachyrium scoparium (little bluestem), Sorghastrum nutans (Indiangrass), Panicum virgatum (switchgrass), and various forbs. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Panicum virgatum in flower looks like tiny beads suspended in air. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Nash, Andropogon gerardii Vitman, and Panicum virgatum L. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Meiosis and pollen stainability in switchgrass, Panicum virgatum L. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Compare Panicum virgatum to our other grasses in this handy chart . (bluestem.ca)
  • Seasonal nitrogen dynamics of Miscanthus x giganteus and Panicum virgatum. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Panicum virgatum , commonly called switch grass, is a Missouri native ornamental grass which was an important component of the tallgrass prairie which once covered large areas of the State. (missouribotanicalgarden.org)
  • Panicum virgatum is a rhizomatous, tall and perennial grass that forms large stands in open areas along the roadside. (wnmu.edu)
  • Panicum virgatum 'Northwind' is extremely drought tolerant, but soil that is occasionally boggy does not bother it. (hoffmannursery.com)
  • One Panicum virgatum 'Northwind' in a garden creates a stunning vertical accent, while several planted as a backdrop form a dynamic structural look. (hoffmannursery.com)
  • Panicum virgatum 'Warrior' (Switch grass 'Warrior') will reach a height of 1m and a spread of 1m after 2-5 years. (shootgardening.co.uk)
  • Switchgrass ( Panicum virgatum L., SG) is a perennial grass presently used for forage and being developed as a bioenergy crop for conversion of cell wall carbohydrates to biofuels. (mdpi.com)
  • It's similar in size to Panicum virgatum 'Shenandoah', P. virgatum 'Rotstrahlbusch', and P. virgatum 'Hänse Herms', but has a blue-green cast to the foliage and fuller, earlier color. (hoffmannursery.com)
  • As with other Panicum virgatum cultivars, you can count on it taking a wide variety of growing conditions and being unpalatable to deer. (hoffmannursery.com)
  • Ruby Ribbons® is a result of a cross between Panicum virgatum 'Heavy Metal' and Panicum virgatum 'Hänse Herms', chosen from among 300 seedlings for its color and vigorous growth habit. (hoffmannursery.com)
  • Switchgrass ( Panicum virgatum L.) is a C 4 perennial prairie grass and a dedicated feedstock for lignocellulosic biofuels. (frontiersin.org)
  • Switchgrass ( Panicum virgatum ) is a perennial grass species that is considered to be a lignocellulosic bioenergy feedstock with great potential, owing to its wide adaptations to various geographies and temperate climates. (frontiersin.org)
  • Biosynthesis and Emission of Stress-Induced Volatile Terpenes in Roots and Leaves of Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L. (doe.gov)
  • We here describe the properties of switchgrass ( Panicum virgatum ) biomass that has been genetically engineered to increase the cellulosic ethanol yield by more than 2-fold. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Panicum virgatum is a hardy, perennial, rhizomatous, clump-forming grass growing 180 - 220cm tall. (theferns.info)
  • Comparative transcriptome analysis provides key insights into seedling development in switchgrass ( Panicum virgatum L. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Panicum virgatum is an upright perennial, C 4 metabolism (Aliscioni et al. (plantsofsuburbia.com)
  • Panicum virgatum-fruit. (plantsofsuburbia.com)
  • Panicum virgatum L. (wildflower.org)
  • In addition to St. Augustine Decline, panicum mosaic virus is responsible for chlorotic streaking and mild green mosaicking in select cultivars of switchgrass and millet. (wikipedia.org)
  • Upright Switchgrass was introduced by Northwind Perennial Farm of Wisconsin, and it has since become a very popular Panicum cultivar. (hoffmannursery.com)
  • By studying a close relative model species like Panicum hallii, researchers can develop crop improvement techniques that could be applied to the candidate bioenergy feedstock switchgrass. (doe.gov)
  • Panicum (panicgrass) is a large genus of about 450 species of grasses native throughout the tropical regions of the world, with a few species extending into the northern temperate zone. (wikipedia.org)
  • Panicum mosaic virus is the type species of the genus Panicovirus, a member of the plant virus family Tombusviridae. (wikipedia.org)
  • Panicum , (genus Panicum ), also called panicgrass , large genus of forage and cereal grasses in the family Poaceae , distributed throughout tropical and warm temperate regions of the world. (britannica.com)
  • This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Panicum (family Poaceae ). (theplantlist.org)
  • Panic Grass (Panicum) is a genus of the POACEAE family. (pollenlibrary.com)
  • Panicum , the panic grasses, is a large and diverse genus of grasses, and quite possibly polyphyletic (Grass Phylogeny Working Group 2001). (fieldofscience.com)
  • Panicum miliaceum 'Purple Majesty' Family: POACEAE Genus: Panicum Species: miliaceum Cultivar: 'Purple Majesty' Common names: Purple Millet Distribution summary: Temperate Asia Habit: Annual Garden status: Not currently grown. (sundeeprao.com)
  • Australia has 29 native and 9 introduced species of Panicum. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1753. Flora of Pakistan Altervista Flora Italiana, genere Panicum includes photos and distribution maps of several species Biota of North America Program 2013 county distribution maps Valdés-Reyna, J., F. O. Zuloaga, O. Morrone & L. Aragón Melchor. (wikipedia.org)
  • Panicum niihauense is a rare species of grass known by the common names lau 'ehu and Niihau panicgrass. (wikipedia.org)
  • Panicum mosaic virus (PMV) is a positive-sense single-stranded RNA viral pathogen that infects plant species in the Panicoid tribe of the grass family Poaceae. (wikipedia.org)
  • The disease most commonly associated with the panicum mosaic virus pathogen is St. Augustine Decline Syndrome, which infects species of turf grass and causes chlorotic mottling. (wikipedia.org)
  • Several species, including proso millet ( Panicum miliaceum ) and little millet ( P. sumatrense ), are important food crops in Asia and Africa. (britannica.com)
  • The Plants Database includes the following 72 species of Panicum . (usda.gov)
  • The self-fertilizing C4 grass species Panicum hallii includes two major ecotypes found in xeric (var. (lancs.ac.uk)
  • Panicum mosaic virus is readily sap-transmissible and infects only species in the Gramineae. (dpvweb.net)
  • The biometrical observations on fodder yield were recorded on single plant basis at the time of harvesting as per descriptors for Panicum miliaceum L. [2] and characterization of perennial Panicum species [3]. (jscimedcentral.com)
  • Panicum miliaceum , small millet or broom corn, and some other species are grown as grain crops. (fieldofscience.com)
  • Other species of Panicum are used as fodder grasses. (fieldofscience.com)
  • It is likely that the name of this species will be changed to Panicum flexuosum Retz. (theferns.info)
  • Wild forms of this species with more lightly branched, erect panicles and sparse spikelets are sometimes distinguished as Panicum psilopodium (treated here as a synonym). (theferns.info)
  • Panicum capillare (Witchgrass) is a species of annual grass in the family True grasses . (eol.org)
  • Panicum paludosum (Chesapeake Panicgrass) is a species of perennial grass in the family True grasses . (eol.org)
  • Panicum dichotomiflorum (Fall Panicgrass) is a species of annual grass in the family True grasses . (eol.org)
  • fall panicgrass (North America) Panicum effusum R.Br. (wikipedia.org)
  • Faurie's panicgrass (endemic to Hawai'i) Panicum flexile (Gattinger) Scribn. (wikipedia.org)
  • wiry panicgrass (eastern North America) Panicum hallii Vasey - Hall's panicgrass (North America) Panicum havardii Vasey - Havard's panicgrass (North America) Panicum hemitomon Schult. (wikipedia.org)
  • maidencane (Americas) Panicum hillmanii Chase - Hillmann's panicgrass (North America) Panicum hirticaule J.Presl - Mexican panicgrass (Americas) Panicum lycopodioides Bory ex Nees - false club-moss panic grass (Réunion) Panicum maximum Jacq. (wikipedia.org)
  • Panicum dichotomiflorum (Fall panicgrass) will reach a height of 1.2m and a spread of 0.5m after 2-5 years. (shootgardening.co.uk)
  • native millet (Australia) Panicum dichotomiflorum Michx. (wikipedia.org)
  • Jepson Herbarium: Jepson Flora Project: Jepson eFlora: Panicum dichotomiflorum subsp. (berkeley.edu)
  • Panicum dichotomiflorum subsp. (berkeley.edu)
  • Guinea grass, buffalo grass (Africa, Palestine, Yemen) Panicum miliaceum L. - proso millet, common millet (domesticated) Panicum niihauense H.St.John - lau 'ehu (endemic to Hawai'i) Panicum obtusum Kunth - vine mesquite grass (North America) (possible synonym of Hopia obtusa) Panicum pygmaeum R.Br. (wikipedia.org)
  • Australian native dwarf panicum, rainforest panicum Panicum repens L. - torpedo grass (widely introduced) Panicum rigidum Balf.f. (endemic to Socotra) Panicum simile Domin - two colour panic (Australia) Panicum socotranum Cope (endemic to Socotra) Panicum sumatrense Roth - little millet (Asia) Panicum turgidum Forssk. (wikipedia.org)
  • Foxtail millet (Setaria italica), white proso millet (Panicum miliaceum) and pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum) have also been used to propagate PMV and panicum mosaic satellite virus (SPMV), and mechanical transmission can occur to maize and some cultivars of common wheat (Triticum aestivum). (wikipedia.org)
  • Symptoms of panicum mosaic virus on millet-without its satellite virus-are slight chlorosis and mild stunting. (wikipedia.org)
  • Panicum comes from the Latin word panis, meaning bread, or panus, meaning 'ear of millet. (vplants.org)
  • Panicum is a classical Latin name for millet, while milaceum means millet like. (vplants.org)
  • Transcriptome-wide identification and expression profiles of the WRKY transcription factor family in Broomcorn millet (Panicum miliaceum L. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Broomcorn millet ( Panicum miliaceum L.) is one of the world's oldest cultivated crops and also is one of the most important crops in drought areas. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Panicum Miliaceum (Millet) Seed Extract is an extract of the seeds of the millet, Panicummiliaceum. (sundeeprao.com)
  • Proso millet (Panicum miliaceum L.) is a food crop domesticated around 10,000 years ago, that has been prevalent throughout ancient civilization. (sundeeprao.com)
  • Proso millet is used to … Panicum miliaceum. (sundeeprao.com)
  • 95411471 - Proso millet aka Panicum miliaceum color sketch. (sundeeprao.com)
  • Panicum miliaceum is a grain crop with many common names including proso millet, broomcorn millet, common millet,, hog millet, Kashfi millet red millet, and white millet. (sundeeprao.com)
  • Panicum miliaceum, commonly called Proso or common millet, grows to a height of up to 4 feet. (sundeeprao.com)
  • Proso Millet (Panicum Miliaceum) Crop Impacts: Corn, white bean, winter wheat, soy beans, vegetable crops About Proso Millet. (sundeeprao.com)
  • The proso millet ( Panicum miliaceum L.) is a cereal plant cultivated for its grain, mostly in Asia and North America. (feedipedia.org)
  • Panicum miliaceum is the Roman milium and the true historical millet. (feedipedia.org)
  • Millet 'White Proso' - (Panicum miliaceum) cannot be shipped to CO, OR. (amkhaseed.com)
  • blue panicum (South Asia, Himalayas) Panicum capillare L. - witchgrass, tumbleweed (North America) Panicum coloratum L. - kleingrass, coolah grass, Bambatsi panic (Africa) Panicum decompositum R.Br. (wikipedia.org)
  • The grains of the grass Panicum turgidum , which have a flat and a round side, germinate much better when the flat rather than the convex side lies in contact with wet soil. (britannica.com)
  • Panicum urvilleanum , a monocot, is a perennial grass that is native to California and is also found elsewhere in North America and beyond. (calflora.org)
  • Panicum capillare , witch grass, is an annual grass native to North America that infests field crops, small grains, grasslands, and a variety of other habitats. (weedscience.org)
  • Satellite panicum mosaic virus only infects grass that is already infected with panicum mosaic virus, the pathogen that causes St. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Thriving in moist soils yet sulking in hot, dry conditions, Cotton Grass is most effective en masse in a naturalized setting or by water's edge intermingled with Euphorbia 'Great Dixter's warm accents. (diggingdog.com)
  • In this work, we evaluated different genomic prediction models applied to a recurrent selection population of 530 genotypes of Panicum maximum , an autotetraploid forage grass. (g3journal.org)
  • Panicum maximum (Guinea grass) is indigenous to subtropical areas of southern Africa. (scielo.org.za)
  • Panicum is a member of the grass family. (pollenlibrary.com)
  • Panicum maximum is a perennial grass with a high potential to be used in ethanol production due to drought and solar radiation resistant combined with a high biomass productivity. (scielo.org.co)
  • To determine the effect of three saline water and irrigation levels on fresh biomass yield of three cultivars of Guinea grass and one cultivar of Blue panicum. (biosaline.org)
  • Scientists study the effects of different levels of salinity and irrigation on the productivity of Guinea grass (Megathyrsus maximus) and Blue panicum (Panicum antidotale) in sandy soils. (biosaline.org)
  • Genetic Diversity in Guinea Grass (Panicum maximum Jacq. (jscimedcentral.com)
  • Among the grasses, Guinea grass ( Panicum maximum Jacq. (jscimedcentral.com)
  • Therefore, the present study was undertaken to estimate the amount of genetic diversity among 60 germplasm accessions of Guinea grass ( Panicum maximum Jacq. (jscimedcentral.com)
  • The experimental material consisted of 60 germplasm accessions of Guinea grass ( Panicum maximum Jacq. (jscimedcentral.com)
  • Nomi comuni [modifica wikidata 'Categoria:Panicum miliaceum' linked to current category] [modifica wikidata 'Panicum miliaceum' main topic of 'Categoria:Panicum miliaceum'] miliaceum) is an introduced, warm-season annual grass that grows 1-3½ ft tall. (sundeeprao.com)
  • Seeing is believing, so visit the Car Park Garden to check out this new grass, which I believe to be a variegated form of the Panicum maximum (common name: Guinea Grass). (blogspot.com)
  • Panicum grasses are a diverse group of plants and can be annuals or perennials . (britannica.com)
  • Panicum maximum (Panicum) is one of the most common grasses in the derived savannah region of Nigeria. (lrrd.org)
  • Panicum capillare ssp. (calflora.org)
  • Witchgrass ( Panicum capillare ) is a monocot weed in the Poaceae family. (weedscience.org)
  • Panicum capillare Linnaeus, var. (usf.edu)
  • Panicum abscissum Swallen (endemic to Florida) Panicum amarum Elliott - bitter panicum (North America) Panicum anceps Michx. (wikipedia.org)
  • beaked panicum (United States) Panicum antidotale Retz. (wikipedia.org)
  • Willdenowia 36(2): 657-669 Flora of China Vol. 22 Page 504 黍属 shu shu Panicum Linnaeus, Sp. (wikipedia.org)
  • 17. Panicum brevifolium Linnaeus, Sp. (efloras.org)
  • There exists a satellite virus to panicum mosaic virus. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although little is known about the satellite panicum mosaic virus, the pathogen is believed to play a role in the infection process because when combined with panicum mosaic virus, the satellite virus causes symptoms to appear earlier in the growing season and results in a more severe infection. (wikipedia.org)
  • Because of the change in disease virulence to the main viral pathogen, panicum mosaic virus and satellite panicum mosaic virus are believed to cause synergistic effects to their hosts. (wikipedia.org)
  • Satellite panicum mosaic virus cannot produce its own replication nor movement proteins, thus it depends entirely on panicum mosaic virus for replication and systemic movement in the host plant. (wikipedia.org)
  • Panicum mosaic virus is a plant disease that infects monocots by invading through mechanical wounds. (wikipedia.org)
  • Because panicum mosaic virus pathogen cannot create its own wound in a host plant, the pathogen must survive until a wound is formed by living epiphytically on its future host or in plant debris. (wikipedia.org)
  • The incubation period of panicum mosaic virus is fastest in warm conditions, around 29 to 35 degrees Celsius, and can take as few as 7-18 days. (wikipedia.org)
  • The second characteristic component of panicum mosaic virus is the 109S component which is approximately 30 nm in diameter, also isometric shaped, and has been shown to be infectious. (wikipedia.org)
  • At this time, the only method of control for panicum mosaic virus is planting resistant cultivars. (wikipedia.org)
  • The 17-kDa capsid protein (CP) of satellite panicum mosaic virus (SPMV) contains a distinct N-terminal arginine-rich motif (N-ARM) which is required for SPMV virion assembly and the activity of SPMV CP to promote systemic accumulation of its cognate RNA. (apsnet.org)
  • Interestingly, SPMV CP also binds Panicum mosaic virus genomic RNA via N-ARM-mediated CP:RNA interactions. (apsnet.org)
  • BASIONYM: Panicum amarulum Hitchcock & Chase 1910. (usf.edu)
  • BASIONYM: Panicum aquaticum A. Richard 1851, non Poiret 1816. (usf.edu)
  • maidencane ( Panicum hemitomon ), common reed ( Phragmites australis ), bulltongue arrowhead ( Sagittaria lancifolia ssp. (fed.us)
  • Panicum hemitomon Schult. (plazi.org)
  • Panicum urvilleanum is a perennial plant that can grow up to 1.00 metres tall. (theferns.info)
  • Panicum amaroides Lamson-Scribner & Merrill, Circ. (usf.edu)
  • PANICUM FLEXILE (Gattinger) Lamson-Scribner, in Kearney, Bull. (usf.edu)
  • Panicum bartowense Lamson-Scribner & Merrill 1901. (usf.edu)
  • Northwind' features one of the best vertical forms of any of the many panicum cultivars currently available in commerce. (missouribotanicalgarden.org)
  • Both strains may be assayed on Panicum miliaceum and Setaria italica, by determining the proportion of plants becoming systemically infected. (dpvweb.net)
  • Panicum tuberosum Llanos, Fragm. (usf.edu)
  • hairy panic (Australia, New Guinea) Panicum fauriei Hitchc. (wikipedia.org)
  • Teal love bugs, really small moist soil seeds like panicum , and they really like shallow water," Tony says. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Respostas de Panicum maximum cv. (usp.br)
  • Neste estudo em Piracicaba SP, Brasil, foram analisadas respostas de Panicum maximum cv. (usp.br)
  • The aim of this study was to analyze the effects of defoliation severity associated with defoliation frequency based in light interception (95%) over Panicum maximum cv. (usp.br)
  • The objective of this study, therefore, was to investigate the optimum level of Saccharum officinarum as additive to Panicum maximum ensilage. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Only Panicum maximum and Ageratum conyzoides recorded equal percentage frequency of occurrence in both the treatment and control sub-plots. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Laboratory, digestion, and growth studies evaluated urea as a source of ammoniation for quality improvement in guineagrass (Panicum maximum) hay. (umn.edu)
  • An experiment was conducted to investigate the influence of stage of growth at harvest on fermentative characteristics of Panicum maximum silage. (scielo.org.za)
  • Organic matter digestibility (OMD), metabolizable energy (ME), short chain fatty acid (SCFA) production and degradation constants of Panicum maximum and legume mixtures and Panicum maximum intercrop with legumes were estimated from in vitro gas production parameters. (lrrd.org)