Oxygen: An element with atomic symbol O, atomic number 8, and atomic weight [15.99903; 15.99977]. It is the most abundant element on earth and essential for respiration.Oxygen Consumption: The rate at which oxygen is used by a tissue; microliters of oxygen STPD used per milligram of tissue per hour; the rate at which oxygen enters the blood from alveolar gas, equal in the steady state to the consumption of oxygen by tissue metabolism throughout the body. (Stedman, 25th ed, p346)Ion-Selective Electrodes: Electrodes which can be used to measure the concentration of particular ions in cells, tissues, or solutions.Anoxia: Relatively complete absence of oxygen in one or more tissues.Confined Spaces: A space which has limited openings for entry and exit combined with unfavorable natural ventilation such as CAVES, refrigerators, deep tunnels, pipelines, sewers, silos, tanks, vats, mines, deep trenches or pits, vaults, manholes, chimneys, etc.Reactive Oxygen Species: Molecules or ions formed by the incomplete one-electron reduction of oxygen. These reactive oxygen intermediates include SINGLET OXYGEN; SUPEROXIDES; PEROXIDES; HYDROXYL RADICAL; and HYPOCHLOROUS ACID. They contribute to the microbicidal activity of PHAGOCYTES, regulation of signal transduction and gene expression, and the oxidative damage to NUCLEIC ACIDS; PROTEINS; and LIPIDS.Cell Hypoxia: A condition of decreased oxygen content at the cellular level.Partial Pressure: The pressure that would be exerted by one component of a mixture of gases if it were present alone in a container. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Hyperoxia: An abnormal increase in the amount of oxygen in the tissues and organs.Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit: Hypoxia-inducible factor 1, alpha subunit is a basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor that is regulated by OXYGEN availability and is targeted for degradation by VHL TUMOR SUPPRESSOR PROTEIN.Anaerobiosis: The complete absence, or (loosely) the paucity, of gaseous or dissolved elemental oxygen in a given place or environment. (From Singleton & Sainsbury, Dictionary of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, 2d ed)Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.Aerobiosis: Life or metabolic reactions occurring in an environment containing oxygen.Atmosphere: The gaseous envelope surrounding a planet or similar body. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1: A basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor that plays a role in APOPTOSIS. It is composed of two subunits: ARYL HYDROCARBON RECEPTOR NUCLEAR TRANSLOCATOR and HYPOXIA-INDUCIBLE FACTOR 1, ALPHA SUBUNIT.Carbon Dioxide: A colorless, odorless gas that can be formed by the body and is necessary for the respiration cycle of plants and animals.Etanidazole: A nitroimidazole that sensitizes hypoxic tumor cells that are normally resistant to radiation therapy.Procollagen-Proline Dioxygenase: A mixed-function oxygenase that catalyzes the hydroxylation of a prolyl-glycyl containing peptide, usually in PROTOCOLLAGEN, to a hydroxyprolylglycyl-containing-peptide. The enzyme utilizes molecular OXYGEN with a concomitant oxidative decarboxylation of 2-oxoglutarate to SUCCINATE. The enzyme occurs as a tetramer of two alpha and two beta subunits. The beta subunit of procollagen-proline dioxygenase is identical to the enzyme PROTEIN DISULFIDE-ISOMERASES.Adaptation, Physiological: The non-genetic biological changes of an organism in response to challenges in its ENVIRONMENT.Oxygen Inhalation Therapy: Inhalation of oxygen aimed at restoring toward normal any pathophysiologic alterations of gas exchange in the cardiopulmonary system, as by the use of a respirator, nasal catheter, tent, chamber, or mask. (From Dorland, 27th ed & Stedman, 25th ed)Singlet Oxygen: An excited state of molecular oxygen generated photochemically or chemically. Singlet oxygen reacts with a variety of biological molecules such as NUCLEIC ACIDS; PROTEINS; and LIPIDS; causing oxidative damages.Brain: The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.Brain Mapping: Imaging techniques used to colocalize sites of brain functions or physiological activity with brain structures.Oxidation-Reduction: A chemical reaction in which an electron is transferred from one molecule to another. The electron-donating molecule is the reducing agent or reductant; the electron-accepting molecule is the oxidizing agent or oxidant. Reducing and oxidizing agents function as conjugate reductant-oxidant pairs or redox pairs (Lehninger, Principles of Biochemistry, 1982, p471).Gills: Paired respiratory organs of fishes and some amphibians that are analogous to lungs. They are richly supplied with blood vessels by which oxygen and carbon dioxide are exchanged directly with the environment.Image Processing, Computer-Assisted: A technique of inputting two-dimensional images into a computer and then enhancing or analyzing the imagery into a form that is more useful to the human observer.Oceans and Seas: A great expanse of continuous bodies of salt water which together cover more than 70 percent of the earth's surface. Seas may be partially or entirely enclosed by land, and are smaller than the five oceans (Atlantic, Pacific, Indian, Arctic, and Antarctic).Wood: A product of hard secondary xylem composed of CELLULOSE, hemicellulose, and LIGNANS, that is under the bark of trees and shrubs. It is used in construction and as a source of CHARCOAL and many other products.Models, Biological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Oxidative Stress: A disturbance in the prooxidant-antioxidant balance in favor of the former, leading to potential damage. Indicators of oxidative stress include damaged DNA bases, protein oxidation products, and lipid peroxidation products (Sies, Oxidative Stress, 1991, pxv-xvi).Cerebrovascular Circulation: The circulation of blood through the BLOOD VESSELS of the BRAIN.Microelectrodes: Electrodes with an extremely small tip, used in a voltage clamp or other apparatus to stimulate or record bioelectric potentials of single cells intracellularly or extracellularly. (Dorland, 28th ed)Mitochondria: Semiautonomous, self-reproducing organelles that occur in the cytoplasm of all cells of most, but not all, eukaryotes. Each mitochondrion is surrounded by a double limiting membrane. The inner membrane is highly invaginated, and its projections are called cristae. Mitochondria are the sites of the reactions of oxidative phosphorylation, which result in the formation of ATP. They contain distinctive RIBOSOMES, transfer RNAs (RNA, TRANSFER); AMINO ACYL T RNA SYNTHETASES; and elongation and termination factors. Mitochondria depend upon genes within the nucleus of the cells in which they reside for many essential messenger RNAs (RNA, MESSENGER). Mitochondria are believed to have arisen from aerobic bacteria that established a symbiotic relationship with primitive protoeukaryotes. (King & Stansfield, A Dictionary of Genetics, 4th ed)Retinal Vessels: The blood vessels which supply and drain the RETINA.Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors: A family of DNA-binding transcription factors that contain a basic HELIX-LOOP-HELIX MOTIF.Hemoglobins: The oxygen-carrying proteins of ERYTHROCYTES. They are found in all vertebrates and some invertebrates. The number of globin subunits in the hemoglobin quaternary structure differs between species. Structures range from monomeric to a variety of multimeric arrangements.Cells, Cultured: Cells propagated in vitro in special media conducive to their growth. Cultured cells are used to study developmental, morphologic, metabolic, physiologic, and genetic processes, among others.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Energy Metabolism: The chemical reactions involved in the production and utilization of various forms of energy in cells.Oxygen Isotopes: Stable oxygen atoms that have the same atomic number as the element oxygen, but differ in atomic weight. O-17 and 18 are stable oxygen isotopes.Respiration: The act of breathing with the LUNGS, consisting of INHALATION, or the taking into the lungs of the ambient air, and of EXHALATION, or the expelling of the modified air which contains more CARBON DIOXIDE than the air taken in (Blakiston's Gould Medical Dictionary, 4th ed.). This does not include tissue respiration (= OXYGEN CONSUMPTION) or cell respiration (= CELL RESPIRATION).Microcirculation: The circulation of the BLOOD through the MICROVASCULAR NETWORK.Rest: Freedom from activity.Cell Survival: The span of viability of a cell characterized by the capacity to perform certain functions such as metabolism, growth, reproduction, some form of responsiveness, and adaptability.Cell Culture Techniques: Methods for maintaining or growing CELLS in vitro.Rats, Sprague-Dawley: A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.Gene Expression Regulation, Bacterial: Any of the processes by which cytoplasmic or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action in bacteria.Hydrogen-Ion Concentration: The normality of a solution with respect to HYDROGEN ions; H+. It is related to acidity measurements in most cases by pH = log 1/2[1/(H+)], where (H+) is the hydrogen ion concentration in gram equivalents per liter of solution. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Biological Evolution: The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.Signal Transduction: The intracellular transfer of information (biological activation/inhibition) through a signal pathway. In each signal transduction system, an activation/inhibition signal from a biologically active molecule (hormone, neurotransmitter) is mediated via the coupling of a receptor/enzyme to a second messenger system or to an ion channel. Signal transduction plays an important role in activating cellular functions, cell differentiation, and cell proliferation. Examples of signal transduction systems are the GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID-postsynaptic receptor-calcium ion channel system, the receptor-mediated T-cell activation pathway, and the receptor-mediated activation of phospholipases. Those coupled to membrane depolarization or intracellular release of calcium include the receptor-mediated activation of cytotoxic functions in granulocytes and the synaptic potentiation of protein kinase activation. Some signal transduction pathways may be part of larger signal transduction pathways; for example, protein kinase activation is part of the platelet activation signal pathway.Bacterial Proteins: Proteins found in any species of bacterium.Retina: The ten-layered nervous tissue membrane of the eye. It is continuous with the OPTIC NERVE and receives images of external objects and transmits visual impulses to the brain. Its outer surface is in contact with the CHOROID and the inner surface with the VITREOUS BODY. The outer-most layer is pigmented, whereas the inner nine layers are transparent.Light: That portion of the electromagnetic spectrum in the visible, ultraviolet, and infrared range.Hyperbaric Oxygenation: The therapeutic intermittent administration of oxygen in a chamber at greater than sea-level atmospheric pressures (three atmospheres). It is considered effective treatment for air and gas embolisms, smoke inhalation, acute carbon monoxide poisoning, caisson disease, clostridial gangrene, etc. (From Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992). The list of treatment modalities includes stroke.Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted: Methods developed to aid in the interpretation of ultrasound, radiographic images, etc., for diagnosis of disease.Temperature: The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.Nitric Oxide: A free radical gas produced endogenously by a variety of mammalian cells, synthesized from ARGININE by NITRIC OXIDE SYNTHASE. Nitric oxide is one of the ENDOTHELIUM-DEPENDENT RELAXING FACTORS released by the vascular endothelium and mediates VASODILATION. It also inhibits platelet aggregation, induces disaggregation of aggregated platelets, and inhibits platelet adhesion to the vascular endothelium. Nitric oxide activates cytosolic GUANYLATE CYCLASE and thus elevates intracellular levels of CYCLIC GMP.RNA, Messenger: RNA sequences that serve as templates for protein synthesis. Bacterial mRNAs are generally primary transcripts in that they do not require post-transcriptional processing. Eukaryotic mRNA is synthesized in the nucleus and must be exported to the cytoplasm for translation. Most eukaryotic mRNAs have a sequence of polyadenylic acid at the 3' end, referred to as the poly(A) tail. The function of this tail is not known for certain, but it may play a role in the export of mature mRNA from the nucleus as well as in helping stabilize some mRNA molecules by retarding their degradation in the cytoplasm.Cell Line, Tumor: A cell line derived from cultured tumor cells.Gene Expression Regulation: Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control (induction or repression) of gene action at the level of transcription or translation.Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A: The original member of the family of endothelial cell growth factors referred to as VASCULAR ENDOTHELIAL GROWTH FACTORS. Vascular endothelial growth factor-A was originally isolated from tumor cells and referred to as "tumor angiogenesis factor" and "vascular permeability factor". Although expressed at high levels in certain tumor-derived cells it is produced by a wide variety of cell types. In addition to stimulating vascular growth and vascular permeability it may play a role in stimulating VASODILATION via NITRIC OXIDE-dependent pathways. Alternative splicing of the mRNA for vascular endothelial growth factor A results in several isoforms of the protein being produced.Neovascularization, Physiologic: The development of new BLOOD VESSELS during the restoration of BLOOD CIRCULATION during the healing process.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Hydrogen Peroxide: A strong oxidizing agent used in aqueous solution as a ripening agent, bleach, and topical anti-infective. It is relatively unstable and solutions deteriorate over time unless stabilized by the addition of acetanilide or similar organic materials.Culture Media: Any liquid or solid preparation made specifically for the growth, storage, or transport of microorganisms or other types of cells. The variety of media that exist allow for the culturing of specific microorganisms and cell types, such as differential media, selective media, test media, and defined media. Solid media consist of liquid media that have been solidified with an agent such as AGAR or GELATIN.Transcription Factors: Endogenous substances, usually proteins, which are effective in the initiation, stimulation, or termination of the genetic transcription process.Oximetry: The determination of oxygen-hemoglobin saturation of blood either by withdrawing a sample and passing it through a classical photoelectric oximeter or by electrodes attached to some translucent part of the body like finger, earlobe, or skin fold. It includes non-invasive oxygen monitoring by pulse oximetry.Mutation: Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.Cell Proliferation: All of the processes involved in increasing CELL NUMBER including CELL DIVISION.Immunohistochemistry: Histochemical localization of immunoreactive substances using labeled antibodies as reagents.Cell Differentiation: Progressive restriction of the developmental potential and increasing specialization of function that leads to the formation of specialized cells, tissues, and organs.Antioxidants: Naturally occurring or synthetic substances that inhibit or retard the oxidation of a substance to which it is added. They counteract the harmful and damaging effects of oxidation in animal tissues.Oxyhemoglobins: A compound formed by the combination of hemoglobin and oxygen. It is a complex in which the oxygen is bound directly to the iron without causing a change from the ferrous to the ferric state.Superoxide Dismutase: An oxidoreductase that catalyzes the reaction between superoxide anions and hydrogen to yield molecular oxygen and hydrogen peroxide. The enzyme protects the cell against dangerous levels of superoxide. EC 1.15.1.1.Free Radicals: Highly reactive molecules with an unsatisfied electron valence pair. Free radicals are produced in both normal and pathological processes. They are proven or suspected agents of tissue damage in a wide variety of circumstances including radiation, damage from environment chemicals, and aging. Natural and pharmacological prevention of free radical damage is being actively investigated.Free Radical Scavengers: Substances that influence the course of a chemical reaction by ready combination with free radicals. Among other effects, this combining activity protects pancreatic islets against damage by cytokines and prevents myocardial and pulmonary perfusion injuries.Catalase: An oxidoreductase that catalyzes the conversion of HYDROGEN PEROXIDE to water and oxygen. It is present in many animal cells. A deficiency of this enzyme results in ACATALASIA.NADPH Oxidase: A flavoprotein enzyme that catalyzes the univalent reduction of OXYGEN using NADPH as an electron donor to create SUPEROXIDE ANION. The enzyme is dependent on a variety of CYTOCHROMES. Defects in the production of superoxide ions by enzymes such as NADPH oxidase result in GRANULOMATOUS DISEASE, CHRONIC.Superoxides: Highly reactive compounds produced when oxygen is reduced by a single electron. In biological systems, they may be generated during the normal catalytic function of a number of enzymes and during the oxidation of hemoglobin to METHEMOGLOBIN. In living organisms, SUPEROXIDE DISMUTASE protects the cell from the deleterious effects of superoxides.Blood Gas Analysis: Measurement of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the blood.Polarography: An electrochemical technique for measuring the current that flows in solution as a function of an applied voltage. The observed polarographic wave, resulting from the electrochemical response, depends on the way voltage is applied (linear sweep or differential pulse) and the type of electrode used. Usually a mercury drop electrode is used.Luminescent Measurements: Techniques used for determining the values of photometric parameters of light resulting from LUMINESCENCE.Kinetics: The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.
Low oxygen levels (and G-LOC) model[edit]. Low oxygen levels in the blood (hypoxia or anoxia) have been hypothesized to induce ... This is because low oxygen levels characterize life-threatening situations and also by the apparent similarities between NDEs ... studies are difficult to interpret since NDEs have been observed both with increased levels as well as decreased levels of ... Altered blood gas levels models[edit]. Some investigators have studied whether hypercarbia or higher than normal carbon dioxide ...
According to OWML's research, phosphorus releases are prevented when, in the absence of molecular oxygen in the lower levels of ... Low dissolved oxygen levels; Periodic fish kills; and Generation of hydrogen sulfide in the bottoms waters of the waters of the ... Bull Run enter the reservoir at lower temperatures than the surface waters causing the high nitrate water to sink to the oxygen ...
Oxygen levels and atmospheric density. The way oxygen is diffused through the insect's body via its tracheal breathing system ... If this hypothesis is correct, these insects would have been susceptible to falling oxygen levels and certainly could not ... Oxygen supply may also have led to insect gigantism in the Carboniferous period, because atmospheric oxygen was 30-35% (ref. 7 ... Recent analysis of the flight energetics of modern insects and birds suggests that both the oxygen levels and air density ...
... and decreased oxygen levels in seawater. There is now widespread concern that the Earth's climate will warm further, not only ... The Associated Press summarized the position on sea level rise: On sea levels, the report projects rises of 7 to 23 inches by ... When the human population was small and nomadic, a rise in sea level of a few metres would have had very little effect on Homo ... The letter goes on to warn of predicted impacts on the United States such as sea level rise and increases in extreme weather ...
A hibernaculum for amphibians should provide the following: Optimum temperatures; Maintenance of oxygen and humidity levels; ... These rock crevices are found in rock fields the beetle are attracted to for high levels of vegetation and greenery. Other ... However, the range of insulation levels is relatively narrow, as there are often small numbers of suitably large trees. There ... Their hibernacula are located in holes in large trees with varying levels of insulation. ...
Oxygen levels were probably high there. The ginkgos and cycads also appeared during this period. From the Pennsylvanian ... Portions of the deep ocean will periodically lose all of its dissolved oxygen allowing bacteria that live without oxygen to ... Hydrogen sulfide levels might have increased dramatically over a few hundred years. Models of such an event indicate that the ... Levels of iridium and quartz fracturing in the Permian-Triassic layer do not approach those of the Cretaceous-Paleogene ...
Oxygen levels in the atmosphere remained around or below 1% of today's level until 2.4 Ga ago (the Great Oxygenation Event). ... Schultz, Nora (30 August 2009). "Photosynthetic viruses keep world's oxygen levels up". New Scientist. Jöhnk KD, Huisman J, ... The rise in oxygen may have caused a fall in methane levels, and triggered the Huronian glaciation from around 2.4 to 2.1 Ga ... Photoautotrophic, oxygen-producing cyanobacteria created the conditions in the planet's early atmosphere that directed the ...
Hypoxia: low oxygen levels in the blood. *Hypovolemia: low amount of circulating blood, either absolutely due to blood loss or ... Advanced Paramedic (AP) is the highest clinical level (level 6) in pre-hospital care in the Republic of Ireland based on the ... Oxygen is administered and endotracheal intubation may be attempted to secure the airway. At regular intervals, the effect of ... Hyperkalemia or hypokalemia: disturbances in the level of potassium in the blood, and related disturbances of calcium or ...
... levels of creatinine in the blood. UNOS requires that the various medical results must be current, i.e. obtained within the ... flow rate of supplemental oxygen required at rest; distance walked in six minutes; need or lack of need for continuous ...
... experiences siltation, organic enrichment, and low levels of dissolved oxygen. It is also contaminated by some ... It also has low levels of dissolved oxygen. Chemicals such as trichloroethylene and 1,2-dichloroethene contaminate Mauses Creek ... The elevation of the creek near its mouth is 482 inches (1,220 cm) above sea level. The watershed of Mahoning Creek has an area ...
Fish can endure short periods of reduced oxygen. Depleted oxygen levels are the most common cause of fish kills. Oxygen levels ... but most fish kills due to algae bloom are a result of decreased oxygen levels. When the algae die, decomposition uses oxygen ... In temperate zones oxygen levels in eutrophic rivers in summertime can exhibit very large diurnal fluctuations with many hours ... A drought can lead to lower water volumes so that even if the water contains a high level of dissolved oxygen, the reduced ...
This species is resistant to low oxygen levels. The pollution tolerance value is 3 (on scale 0-10; 0 is the best water quality ... Multivariate Analysis of Spatial Variation Related to Levels of Water Pollution". International Journal of Environmental ...
"On-Board Oxygen Generating System (OBOGS)." Honeywell. Archived September 10, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. Levels of ... Zeolite-based oxygen concentrator systems are widely used to produce medical-grade oxygen. The zeolite is used as a molecular ... On-board oxygen generating systems (OBOGS) and Oxygen concentrators use zeolites in conjunction with pressure swing adsorption ... They help by decreasing the temperature level during manufacture and laying of asphalt concrete, resulting in lower consumption ...
Beaver Run has low levels of dissolved oxygen. The watershed of Beaver Run is in the Appalachian Mountain section of the ridge ... The elevation of Beaver Run near its mouth is 535 feet (163 m) above sea level. Nearly all of the watershed of Beaver Run is ...
Adamovich Y, Ladeuix B, Golik M, Koeners MP, Asher G (2016). "Rhythmic Oxygen Levels Reset Circadian Clocks through HIF1a". ... For example, when Bmal1 was knocked down in a dose-dependent manner, Rev-ErbA alpha and Rev-ErbA beta mRNA levels were shown to ... Ueda HR, Hayashi S, Chen W, Sano M, Machida M, Shigeyoshi Y, Iino M, Hashimoto S (Feb 2005). "System-level identification of ... RNA-level post-transcriptional mechanisms driving rhythmic protein expression were later reported, such as mRNA polyadenylation ...
"Why do low oxygen levels cause altitude sickness?". Altitude.org. "The Lake Louise Consensus on the Definition of Altitude ... the instrument to measure oxygen level in blood. Wilderness medicine Wilderness Medical Society Roach, James M.; Schoene, ... Oxygen should also be given if possible. Symptoms tend to quickly improve with descent, but more severe symptoms may continue ... The mechanisms by which this oxygen shortage causes HAPE are poorly understood, but two processes are believed to be important ...
The prodrug is activated only at very low levels of oxygen (hypoxia). Such levels are common in human solid tumors, a ... Evofosfamide is essentially inactive under normal oxygen levels. In areas of hypoxia, evofosfamide becomes activated and ... In the presence of oxygen (normoxia) the radical anion prodrug reacts rapidly with oxygen to generate the original prodrug and ... Therefore, evofosfamide is relatively inert under normal oxygen conditions, remaining intact as a prodrug. B) When exposed to ...
Oxygen isotopes and sea level. Nature 324, 137-140. C. Waelbroeck, L. Labeyrie, E. Michel, et al., (2002) Sea-level and deep ... Fractionation of the stable isotopes of oxygen and carbon in carbon dioxide during the reaction of calcite with phosphoric acid ...
Ozone-oxygen cycle Paleoclimatology Scientific Assessment of Ozone Depletion Tropospheric ozone depletion events Zimmer, Carl ( ... Fleur, Nicholas (10 November 2015). "Atmospheric Greenhouse Gas Levels Hit Record, Report Says". New York Times. Retrieved 11 ... 3 October 2013). "Earth's Oxygen: A Mystery Easy to Take for Granted". New York Times. Retrieved 3 October 2013. Press release ...
As oxygen levels lowered through time, arthropods became smaller. The history of scientific millipede classification began with ... The higher-level classification of millipedes is presented below, based on Shear, 2011, and Shear & Edgecombe, 2010 (extinct ... Their function is unknown, but they also occur in some centipedes, and are possibly used to measure humidity or light levels in ... In: Zhang, Z.-Q. (Ed.) Animal biodiversity: An outline of higher-level classification and survey of taxonomic richness" (PDF). ...
... has high levels of dissolved oxygen. The watershed of West Branch Run has an area of 10.20 square miles (26.4 ... above sea level. At its headwaters, the stream has an elevation of approximately 1,260 feet (380 m) above sea level. West ... According to the Columbia County Natural Areas Inventory, it may have a high level of diversity among native plants and few ...
Heavy surface movement brings water oxygen levels near saturation. Keeping an adult Achilles well fed can be a chore, with one ...
Oxygen levels had risen to perhaps 1% of today's levels at the beginning of the era and continued rising throughout the Era. ... It is probably related to the extant Anabaena and indicates the presence of significant free oxygen. Oxygen levels also had ...
Nuckols ML, Clarke JR, Marr WJ (1999). "Assessment of oxygen levels in alternative designs of semiclosed underwater breathing ... Nuckols ML, Clarke J, Grupe C (1998). "Maintaining safe oxygen levels in semiclosed underwater breathing apparatus". Life ... Smith, Adam J (2008). "Resting Oxygen Consumption Rates in Divers Using Diver Propulsion Devices". Masters of Science in ... "Method for estimating the remaining capacity of the carbon dioxide scrubber in the Hyperbaric Oxygen Treatment Pack". Navy ...
The primary oxygen transporter molecule is hemocyanin. Arthropod hemolymph contains high levels of free amino acids. Most amino ... Only in a few insects living in low-oxygen environments, there are hemoglobin-like molecules that bind oxygen and transport it ... These sugar levels are maintained by the control of hormones. Other carbohydrates can be present. These include inositol, sugar ... It is this requirement that establishes the level of performance demanded of the system. The efficiency of the vertebrate ...
A 2015 study of users in the United States also found elevated blood lead levels in 40 percent of those tested. Other concerns ... Examples include immuno-augmentation therapy, shark cartilage, bioresonance therapy, oxygen and ozone therapies, and insulin ... There are several socio-cultural reasons for the interest in these treatments centered on the low level of scientific literacy ... In November 2011 Edzard Ernst stated that the "level of misinformation about alternative medicine has now reached the point ...
The effect of hyperbaric oxygen on regional brain and spinal cord levels of nitric oxide metabolites in rat. - Yusuke Ohgami, ... The effect of hyperbaric oxygen on regional brain and spinal cord levels of nitric oxide metabolites in rat.. Abstract. ... The results demonstrate that, compared to the NBA control, oxygen alone generally reduced tissue levels of NO(x)(-) (nitrite ... The combination of oxygen and pressure (i.e., HBO(2)) generally led to an increase in tissue levels of NO(x)(-). Based on these ...
Grade II: ORN limited to the alveolar bone and/or mandible above the level of inferior alveolar canal 2.3. Grade III: ORN ... Patients breathe 100% oxygen at pressure via a transparent hood. The total time at 2.4 ata is 90 minutes. During the final 10 ... 2. Prior hyperbaric oxygen therapy. 3. Prior diagnosis of osteoradionecrosis of the mandible. 4. Previous surgery for ... The aim of this study is to determine the benefit of hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) in the prevention of osteoradionecrosis (ORN) ...
After stopping it for a week or so you really notice the difference as far as energy levels go. Try it! ... Oxygen is necessary for healing. HBOT saturates tissues with ten to thirteen times as much oxygen as can normally be breathed ... FDA Issues Deceptive Statement about HBOT (Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy) 44 By anh-usa on September 10, 2013. War On Natural ... That would raise oxygen 24 hours a day.. It may help burns, cancer. stroke, spinal cord injuries and more and release stem ...
Boosting oxygen levels. For decades, many people have associated hyperbaric medicine with the treatment of decompression ... READ: Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy Extends Survival After Cardiac Arrest]. "Were seeing a growing need for hyperbaric oxygen ... Hospitals Tout Benefits of Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy. It used to be associated with treating "the bends," but breathing pure ... which significantly boosts the amount of oxygen in the blood stream. The oxygen-rich blood bathes damaged tissue, stimulating ...
"We used different statistical methods and we looked at different levels of oxygen," said David Jasinski, a water monitoring ... The research on oxygen-depleted water, considered a leading indicator of bay health, again highlights what many ... Reducing the flows of nitrogen and phosphorus to the bay, in turn lowering the volume of oxygen-depleted water, has been the ... Nitrogen and phosphorus pollution sets off algae blooms that draw oxygen out of the water, starving sea grass, crabs and other ...
The American Academy of Pediatrics highlights a study that compared oxygen levels in 200 newborns while in a hospital crib, car ... Car-Seats-Lower-Oxygen-Levels-of-Newborns AAP.org > About the AAP > News Room > Car Seats Lower Oxygen Levels of Newborns ... compared oxygen levels in 200 newborns while in a hospital crib, car bed and car seat. The mean oxygen saturation level was ... AAP.org , English , About the AAP , News Room , Car Seats Lower Oxygen Levels of Newborns ...
Therefore, following a spike in oxygen at the Lomagundi Event (64), it appears that oxygen levels returned to low values for ... Constraints on Paleoproterozoic atmospheric oxygen levels. Eric J. Bellefroid, Ashleigh v. S. Hood, Paul F. Hoffman, Matthew D. ... Constraints on Paleoproterozoic atmospheric oxygen levels. Eric J. Bellefroid, Ashleigh v. S. Hood, Paul F. Hoffman, Matthew D. ... of the present atmospheric level. This work provides another crucial line of empirical evidence that atmospheric oxygen levels ...
NEXT time you take in a lungful of oxygen, consider this: it was made possible in part by ocean viruses. ...
The dissolved-oxygen level is an important first indicator of water quality. In general, oxygen levels decline as pollution ... Source for information on dissolved-oxygen level: A Dictionary of Earth Sciences dictionary. ... dissolved-oxygen level The concentration of oxygen held in solution in water. Usually it is measured in mg/l (sometimes in μg/ ... The dissolved-oxygen level is an important first indicator of water quality. In general, oxygen levels decline as pollution ...
Atmospheric oxygen levels have declined over the past 1 million years, although not nearly enough to trigger any major problems ... which is oxygens present-day concentration, the researchers said. 1 It is not even known if atmospheric oxygen levels varied ... because it could be assumed that atmospheric carbon dioxide levels should rise as oxygen levels fall - "for example, right now ... Earths Atmospheric Oxygen Levels Continue Long Slide. By Charles Q. Choi 2016-09-22T18:02:41Z. Planet Earth ...
Another oxygen value taken is the partial pressure of oxygen and the normal values for it are 75 to... ... Medline Plus states normal oxygen levels for a human at sea level are 94 to 100 percent saturation. ... Medline Plus states normal oxygen levels for a human at sea level are 94 to 100 percent saturation. Another oxygen value taken ... Oxygen readings are lower at altitudes above 3,000 feet. WebMD states oxygen values are obtained through an arterial blood gas ...
... but exactly how much oxygen is most beneficial for these infants has been a controversial topic. ... Extremely premature babies need oxygen to help them breathe, ... low oxygen levels] can be safe," as long as the levels are not ... In this study, premature infants whose oxygen levels were kept in this higher range were less likely to die while they were in ... But others said the new studies mean that doctors will be likely to favor higher oxygen levels for premature infants to reduce ...
... Fumiko Nagatomo,1 Hidemi Fujino,2 Hiroyo Kondo,3 and Akihiko ... Fumiko Nagatomo, Hidemi Fujino, Hiroyo Kondo, and Akihiko Ishihara, "Oxygen Concentration-Dependent Oxidative Stress Levels in ...
Giant Icebergs Break Free, Threaten Ocean Currents and Oxygen Levels. On February 12 or 13, a truly mammoth iceberg broke free ... There may be regions of the worlds oceans that lose oxygen, and then of course most of the life there will die. ... and are also responsible for distributing oxygen throughout the oceans. ...
What does it mean to have low blood oxygen? ... A blood oxygen level indicates how well the body distributes ... oxygen from the lungs to all of its cells. ... How is blood oxygen level measured?. Blood oxygen levels may be ... Is my oxygen level normal? (2017, July 31). Retrieved from https://lunginstitute.com/blog/blood-oxygen-level-oxygen-level- ... Blood oxygen level is the amount of oxygen circulating in the blood. Most of the oxygen is carried by red blood cells, which ...
... aspirin will not lower the oxygen levels in your blood. http://... ... Home › Q & A › Questions › Does aspirin lower the oxygen.... Does aspirin lower the oxygen levels in youe blood?. Asked. 12 Oct ... Does an oxygen machine lower the level of oxygen in the room its in? is it safe for others?. Posted 6 Feb 2015 • 1 answer ... Why is my heart rate over 100 bpm and my oxygen levels below 90?. Posted 3 Mar 2015 • 1 answer ...
... ... the DUO gives highly accurate readings of both heart rate and blood oxygen saturation levels throughout the day. DUO is ... We wanted to bring blood oxygen saturation tracking to the public with DUO and demonstrate the immense benefits it can provide ... We wanted to bring blood oxygen saturation tracking to the public with DUO and demonstrate the immense benefits it can provide ...
... rapidly running out of oxygen at an unprecedented rate. Climate change is dangerously exacerbating the issue, scientists warned ... Oceans losing oxygen at unprecedented level, study suggests. Duration: 00:36 12/8/2019. ... The worlds oceans are struggling to breathe, rapidly running out of oxygen at an unprecedented rate. Climate change is ...
21 days of computer-recorded transcutaneous oxygen (TcPO2) data were compared in 31 infants with stage 3 or greater ROP and 38 ... Transcutaneous oxygen levels in retinopathy of prematurity Lancet. 1995 Dec 2;346(8988):1464-5. doi: 10.1016/s0140-6736(95) ... 21 days of computer-recorded transcutaneous oxygen (TcPO2) data were compared in 31 infants with stage 3 or greater ROP and 38 ...
The oxygen level inside the manhole where a city worker was killed and three firefighters were overcome by mysterious fumes ... MIDDLETOWN - The oxygen level inside the manhole where a city worker was killed and three firefighters were overcome by ... Police reported the oxygen level in the sewer pipe was close to 2 percent at that time. ... Oxygen measurements taken Monday were as low as they were during the tragic accident that killed 31-year-old Jabin Lakes on ...
The cells of the human body require a constant supply of oxygen to produce the energy necessary to accomplish their life- ... Oxygen derived from the air is delivered via the bloodstream to the body organs and tissues. A low blood oxygen level, or ... Signs and symptoms develop when a low blood oxygen level leads to an oxygen deficiency in the body tissues, which is known as ... An abrupt drop in blood oxygen level can occur when a blood clot lodges in the pulmonary circulation. This condition, known as ...
He has low oxygen levels which are effecting the nerves in his feet and legs and the doctor tells h... ... He has low oxygen levels which are effecting the nerves in his feet and legs and the doctor tells him to cut back on the ... Oxygen Levels And Dapsone And Dh By bllamb47, February 23, 2011. in Dermatitis Herpetiformis ... I just found out my oxygen levels are low too and I have been experiencing a little tingling in my feet when I touch them. I am ...
... low oxygen) conditions in the marine environment could experience previously unseen hindered development, and become ... They exposed both adults and young to the reduced levels of oxygen typically and periodically found in coastal regions for one ... Decreased oxygen levels could present hidden threat to marine species. University of Plymouth ... Species living in coastal regions could face a significant future threat from reduced levels of oxygen in the marine ...
Oxygen levels are decreasing because of the amount of workers inside the cave and workers were trying to run an oxygen line ... Thais fight water and oxygen levels in cave as diver dies. Soldiers carry a pump to help drain the rising flood water in a cave ... Authorities have been racing to pump out water from the cave before more storms in the coming days raise the water levels again ... Chalongchai Chaiyakam, said the most pressing mission is the oxygen line. It is tied to a telephone line to provide a channel ...
They have discovered the hairy gene, that has a survival switch that helps cells and tissues to survive a low-oxygen ... This research has implications for people suffering from diseases that involve hypoxia or tissue that has been oxygen deprived. ... Scientists have examined fruit flies to discover cells that can survival low-levels of oxygen or hypoxia. ... Depriving Cells of Oxygen: Hypoxia. Hypoxia is a condition whereby cells and tissues become severely deprived of oxygen. In ...
  • Signs and symptoms develop when a low blood oxygen level leads to an oxygen deficiency in the body tissues, which is known as hypoxia. (livestrong.com)
  • We observed a detrimental effect of hypoxia in animals reared under low oxygen, not apparent from observations in short term studies in adults. (eurekalert.org)
  • Adults collected from the wild and tested under laboratory conditions maintained their levels of oxygen uptake when exposed to moderate hypoxia for one week. (eurekalert.org)
  • From this the scientists deduced that short-term acclimation ability observed in adults after one week does not predict the ability of their offspring to cope with low oxygen, if reared under moderate hypoxia. (eurekalert.org)
  • Hypoxia is a condition whereby cells and tissues become severely deprived of oxygen. (brighthub.com)
  • Hypoxia, or low blood oxygen levels, can be caused by disease, a blocked airway, high altitude or some medications. (reference.com)
  • Eventually Semenza discovered a protein complex that binds to the DNA depending on the amount of oxygen available, and named it hypoxia-inducible factor, or HIF. (bigthink.com)
  • One of the body's responses to hypoxia, or low oxygen levels, is a rise in EPO. (xconomy.com)
  • Hypoxia means low levels of oxygen. (plymouth.ac.uk)
  • The flux control coefficient of cytochrome c oxidase, therefore, increases as a function of substrate limitation of oxygen and cytochrome c , which suggests a direct functional role for the apparent excess capacity of cytochrome c oxidase in hypoxia and under conditions of intracellular accumulation of cytochrome c after its release from mitochondria. (portlandpress.com)
  • Hypoxia, a phenomenon characterized by low oxygen levels in marine environment, is believed to pose a possible significant threat to marine life by some scientists. (greenoptimistic.com)
  • In line with this, the study conducted by Dr. Truebano and Professor John Spicer "…observed a detrimental effect of hypoxia in animals reared under low oxygen, not apparent from observations in short term studies in adults. (greenoptimistic.com)
  • This study demonstrates that acrolein induced cardiovascular responses in hypertesnion are associated with reduced blood oxygen levels suggesting that the cardiovascular effects of air pollution may be mediated by hypoxia. (epa.gov)
  • Recent studies link exposure to air pollution with reduced blood oxygen saturation suggesting that hypoxia is a potential mechanism that mediates the adverse cardiovascular effects of air pollution. (epa.gov)
  • The aim of this study was to examine whether exceeding the limits of adaptation to reduced blood flow ultimately leads to tissue hypoxia, as determined by blood oxygen level dependent MRI. (ahajournals.org)
  • These results demonstrate that severe vascular occlusion overwhelms the capacity of the kidney to adapt to reduced blood flow, manifest as overt cortical hypoxia as measured by blood oxygen level-dependent MRI. (ahajournals.org)
  • The level of cortical hypoxia is out of proportion to the medulla and may provide a marker to identify irreversible parenchymal injury. (ahajournals.org)
  • 3 Because the kidney is abundantly perfused relative to oxygen needed for metabolic function, renovascular hypertension can develop without demonstrable tissue hypoxia. (ahajournals.org)
  • Our results demonstrate that progressively more severe renal artery occlusion produces both loss of regional kidney volumes and tissue perfusion associated with rising levels of cortical deoxyhemoglobin consistent with cortical hypoxia. (ahajournals.org)
  • Under hypoxia, jumbo squids also showed a larger inflation period (reduced contraction frequency) and decreased relaxed mantle diameters (shortened diffusion pathways), which optimize oxygen extraction efficiency (up to 82%/34%, without/with consideration of 60% potential skin respiration). (biologists.org)
  • The discrepancy in the findings appears to arise from a difference in how researchers defined "oxygen-depleted. (washingtonpost.com)
  • Researchers analyzed samples from ice core drilling stations in Antarctica and Greenland to evaluate the planet's atmospheric oxygen levels throughout history. (livescience.com)
  • The research behind this new finding could help shed light on what controls atmospheric oxygen levels over long spans of time, the researchers said. (livescience.com)
  • However, models of past atmospheric oxygen levels often markedly disagree, differing by as much as about 20 percent of Earth's atmosphere, which is oxygen's present-day concentration, the researchers said. (livescience.com)
  • In the new study, researchers calculated past atmospheric oxygen levels by looking at air trapped inside ancient polar ice samples. (livescience.com)
  • Although a drop in atmospheric oxygen levels might sound alarming, the decrease the researchers found "is trivial in regard to ecosystems," Stolper told Live Science. (livescience.com)
  • Researchers from the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine, have identified a genetic switch in fruit flies that enables cells to survive low oxygen levels. (brighthub.com)
  • Researchers at the University of Cambridge, led by Dr Dino Giussani, examined the role that oxygen availability in the womb plays in programming your susceptibility to different diseases. (innovations-report.com)
  • Researchers have identified 57 genetic variations of a gene strongly associated with declines in blood oxygen levels during sleep. (news-medical.net)
  • But the range of those levels during sleep varies widely between individuals and, researchers suspect, is greatly influenced by genetics. (news-medical.net)
  • The current findings contribute to a better understanding, particularly because researchers looked at overnight measurements of oxygen levels. (news-medical.net)
  • Now, in the June 10 issue of Molecular Cell , researchers at Johns Hopkins report that the MCM proteins, which promote cell division, also directly control the oxygen-sensing HIF-1 protein. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • The lower oxygen levels are making marine life far more vulnerable, the researchers said. (seattletimes.com)
  • Levin said researchers have seen coastal "dead zones" from fertilizer pollution from farms before, as well as areas of low oxygen in open ocean blamed on warmer waters, but this study shows how the two problems are interconnected with common causes and potential solutions. (seattletimes.com)
  • For researchers pursuing the primordial history of oxygen in Earth's atmosphere, a new study might sour some "Eureka! (phys.org)
  • Phys.org)-A small team of researchers in the U.S. has found evidence in rock samples that suggests that oxygen levels during the Lomagundi Event were high enough to support the advancement of life on Earth. (phys.org)
  • Phys.org)-A small team of researchers with Princeton University has found evidence that suggests that the amount of oxygen in the Earth's atmosphere has dropped by 0.7 percent over the past 800,000 years. (phys.org)
  • The study, by a team of Belfast researchers, found that oxygen levels fell by an average of four per cent when people reached cruising altitude. (rxpgnews.com)
  • A team of researchers, including a faculty member and postdoctoral fellow from Washington University in St. Louis, found that oxygen levels appear to increase at about the same time as a three-fold increase in biodiversity during the Ordovician Period, between 445 and 485 million years ago, according to a study published Nov. 20 in Nature Geoscience . (eurekalert.org)
  • Using geochemical proxies, high-resolution data and chemical signatures preserved in carbonate rocks formed from seawater, the researchers were able to identify an oxygen increase during the Middle and Late Ordovician periods -- and a rapid rise, at that. (eurekalert.org)
  • The researchers concluded that it remained unclear whether the increased oxygenation had a direct effect on animal life, or even if it had a passive effect by, say, expanding the oxygen-rich ecospace. (eurekalert.org)
  • Researchers at MIT have reported in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences on new injectable oxygen bead sensors that can stay embedded within the body for weeks and can be "read" using magnetic resonance imaging. (medgadget.com)
  • To test the sensors, the researchers implanted them in the hind legs of rats and then measured how the signal changed as the rats breathed pure oxygen, regular air, and pure oxygen again. (medgadget.com)
  • Researchers from the University of Oulu and Harvard University have found a previously unknown mechanism by which cells in the body sense oxygen. (medicalxpress.com)
  • To make this discovery, researchers isolated neutrophils, the immune cells that are responsible for acute inflammation, from the blood of healthy volunteers and incubated them in different levels of oxygen. (medindia.net)
  • In the present study, the researchers employed a mass spectrometric technique together with isotopic water (H218O) to probe the effect of increased concentrations of oxygen on the mechanism of water splitting. (umu.se)
  • It could potentially be used to map oxygenation of skin grafts, or to look through the skin to monitor oxygen levels in transplanted organs, the researchers said. (qatar-tribune.com)
  • In a set of elegant experiments - Walbot prides herself on "thinking of experiments you can do with basically no money" - the researchers demonstrated that low oxygen levels deep inside the developing flowers are all that is needed to trigger the formation of sex cells. (scitechdaily.com)
  • To see if low oxygen alone was responsible for sex cell development, the researchers threaded a plastic hose into the developing anther and piped in mixtures of gases. (scitechdaily.com)
  • The researchers showed that low oxygen levels could even cause cells outside the anther lobes - which would never normally produce pollen - to develop into sex cells. (scitechdaily.com)
  • Researchers at the Max Planck Research Unit for Neurogenetics in Frankfurt, the University of Saarland in Homburg, the University of Cambridge and the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm have discovered that mice can also sense the oxygen level of the inhaled air using neurons in their nose. (scitechdaily.com)
  • Since discovering HIF-1 in the 1990s, Semenza's team has been studying how it works to sense oxygen levels and turn on genes that help cells survive when oxygen is low. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • The carotid body associated with the large vessels on both sides of the neck have unique cells that sense oxygen levels, and, as noted above, the body produces more oxygen-carrying cells to maximize delivery of what O2 there is when there's not enough. (bigthink.com)
  • New research from the Max Planck Institute shows that mice can sense oxygen levels in the environment using specialized neurons in their noses that are present in the olfactory mucosa. (scitechdaily.com)
  • However, quantifying atmospheric oxygen levels in Earth's middle age remains a daunting challenge. (pnas.org)
  • We provide evidence that atmospheric oxygen levels decreased significantly after the "Great Oxygenation Event" in Earth's early history, to levels that would have negatively impacted the ecology of the earliest complex organisms. (pnas.org)
  • Reconstructing Earth's oxygenation has been the focus of an ongoing surge of research as geologists and paleontologists attempt to understand the environmental factors driving early biotic evolution ( 1 ⇓ ⇓ ⇓ - 5 ) and astrobiologists look to the early Earth to evaluate oxygen as a potential exoplanet "bio-signature" ( 6 ). (pnas.org)
  • Oxygen has provided a breath of fresh air to the study of the Earth's evolution some 400-plus million years ago. (phys.org)
  • A low level of atmospheric oxygen in Earth's middle ages held back evolution for 2 billion years, raising fresh questions about the origins of life on this planet. (phys.org)
  • The evolution of the first land plants including mosses may explain a long-standing mystery of how Earth's atmosphere became enriched with oxygen, according to an international study led by the University of Exeter. (phys.org)
  • Cells need oxygen to live, and Earth's air-breathing organisms have developed ways to ensure their cells get the amount of oxygen they need. (bigthink.com)
  • Basically all the oxygen in the Earth's atmosphere was generated in this way and also most of the biomass, from which parts converted by geological processes into coal, oil and natural gas. (umu.se)
  • On top of that, warmer water simply doesn't hold as much oxygen and less oxygen dissolves and gets into the water, she said. (seattletimes.com)
  • You're essentially slowing the heartbeat of the ocean, and you're getting less oxygen to the ocean. (wbaltv.com)
  • The study examined two powerful oceanic currents that may be warming the waters and reducing it's ability to hold oxygen: the Gulf Stream (which has less oxygen exchange between the top and bottom layers of the ocean) and the Labrador Current (which is rich in oxygen and remains colder from storms in the Labrador Sea). (inquisitr.com)
  • As such, scientists have long sought to reconstruct how atmospheric oxygen levels fluctuated in the past, and what might control these shifts. (livescience.com)
  • The scientists concluded that oxygen sinks - processes that removed oxygen from the air - were about 1.7 percent larger than oxygen sources during this time. (livescience.com)
  • Scientists have uncovered a critical genetic switch that helps cells to survive when they are deprived of oxygen. (brighthub.com)
  • A team of scientists convened by the U.N. reports that the drop in oxygen levels is getting worse, choking large areas, and is more complex than previously thought. (seattletimes.com)
  • When put all together, there are more than 12 million square miles (32 million square kilometers) of ocean with low oxygen levels at a depth of several hundred feet (200 meters), according to the scientists with the Global Ocean Oxygen Network. (seattletimes.com)
  • Scientists know that atmospheric oxygen irreversibly accumulated on Earth around 2.3 billion years ago, at a time known as the Great Oxidation Event, or GOE. (phys.org)
  • Scientists have long warned about the potentially deadly consequences of the ocean's declining oxygen levels on marine life, and its resulting impact on humans. (wbaltv.com)
  • Carbon burial efficiencies calculated with this equation have not always matched field observations, however, and scientists have suggested that factors such as temperature, water chemistry, sedimentation rate and the amount of dissolved oxygen in the water column (whether it's oxic or anoxic) may affect rates of oxidation versus burial. (earthmagazine.org)
  • The 2019 Nobel Prize in Medicine has just been awarded to three scientists from the U.S. and U.K. working independently on the same problem: How cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability. (bigthink.com)
  • Scientists have recently determined that global oxygen levels have dropped about 2 percent between 1960 and 2010. (smallbiztrends.com)
  • Scientists attribute the lower oxygen levels to increasing ocean temperatures and less circulation of water. (smallbiztrends.com)
  • An ancient increase in oxygen levels helped North American dinosaurs to flourish, scientists say. (aol.co.uk)
  • Using a simple approach, a team of scientists at Stanford University demonstrated that low oxygen levels deep inside the developing flowers are all that is needed to trigger the formation of plant sex cells. (scitechdaily.com)
  • In addition to coral bleaching and rising sea levels , a new factor concerns scientists that may threaten marine life. (greenoptimistic.com)
  • The scientists found that the Gucyb12 and Trpc2 genes are essential for signal transduction in type B cells upon exposure to low oxygen. (scitechdaily.com)
  • Moreover, the scientists found that mice can learn very quickly where locations with low oxygen levels are, and then avoid these areas. (scitechdaily.com)
  • However, not all pulse oximeters deliver the same level of performance and versatility. (nonin.com)
  • Our personal finger pulse oximeters are engineered for daily use in the most demanding monitoring environments, making them suitable for detecting SpO 2 and adjusting oxygen flow while exercising, traveling or resting at home. (nonin.com)
  • Existing oximeters (the name for blood-oxygen sensors) use LEDs to shine red and near-infrared light through the skin, and work only on areas of the body that are partially transparent, like the fingertips or the earlobes. (qatar-tribune.com)
  • We used different statistical methods and we looked at different levels of oxygen," said David Jasinski, a water monitoring data analyst with the Environmental Protection Agency's Chesapeake Bay Program office. (washingtonpost.com)
  • These findings also reveal what might be a strange contradiction, because it could be assumed that atmospheric carbon dioxide levels should rise as oxygen levels fall - "for example, right now we are consuming oxygen and breathing out carbon dioxide," said study senior author John Higgins, a geochemistat Princeton. (livescience.com)
  • However, previous research has found that atmospheric carbon dioxide levels have not, on average, changed over the past 800,000 years, Higgins noted. (livescience.com)
  • Basically, increasing atmospheric carbon dioxide levels will boost the rates at which volcanic rocks wear down and their components wash into the seas, which can then go on to trap atmospheric carbon dioxide in ocean minerals. (livescience.com)
  • We hypothesized that hypertensive rats would be more sensitive to the adverse cardiovascular effects of acrolein and that the cardiovascular effects of acrolein would be coupled with decreased arterial blood oxygen levels during exposure. (epa.gov)
  • This is important, he said, because 'Mendelian Randomization analysis, a statistical approach for testing causal relationship between an exposure and an outcome, shows a potential causal relationship between how the DLC1 gene modifies fibroblasts cells and the changes in oxygen levels during sleep. (news-medical.net)
  • Nobel recognizes breakthrough insights into cell's perception and response to changes in oxygen levels. (bigthink.com)
  • Human bodies have developed a couple of ways to monitor and respond to changes in oxygen levels. (bigthink.com)
  • But the work to understand how cells sense and adapt to changes in oxygen levels has led to medical insights and potential treatments for anemia, cancer, and more-and today, it has turned into the 2019 Nobel Prize in Medicine . (xconomy.com)
  • William Kaelin Jr., Sir Peter Ratcliffe, and Gregg Semenza are credited with identifying the molecular machinery that regulates the activity of genes in response to changes in oxygen levels. (xconomy.com)
  • According to the Nobel Committee, Kaelin and Ratcliffe furthered their research by showing how cells sense changes in oxygen levels and respond to those changes. (xconomy.com)
  • The Bay Program says that the volume of oxygen-depleted, or hypoxic, water has shown a downward trend since 1985. (washingtonpost.com)
  • The prevalence of hypoxic (low oxygen) areas in coastal waters is predicted to increase in the future, both in terms of their scale and duration. (eurekalert.org)
  • However, the offspring of these adults, when reared in hypoxic conditions showed less ability to regulate their oxygen uptake and were significantly smaller than those of normoxic parents, potentially because they were having to expend more energy simply to survive in those conditions. (eurekalert.org)
  • By knowing more about what happens in hypoxic cells in fruit flies, it's hoped that the knowledge can be applied to help human cells and tissue survive in low oxygen conditions caused by disease. (brighthub.com)
  • Observations in the very inner Gulf of St. Lawrence show a dramatic oxygen decline, which is reaching hypoxic conditions, meaning it can't fully support marine life," said Moriana Claret, lead researcher for the study at UW's Institute for the Study of the Atmosphere and the Ocean. (inquisitr.com)
  • This takes up a large amount of oxygen in the water and forms hypoxic conditions. (inquisitr.com)
  • Here, we show that sinking diatom aggregates can host anaerobic nitrogen cycling at ambient oxygen levels well above the hypoxic threshold. (frontiersin.org)
  • This apparent excess capacity, however, is significantly decreased under physiological intracellular oxygen conditions and declines steeply under hypoxic conditions. (portlandpress.com)
  • All together, Walbot explained, the evidence suggests that naturally occurring variations in oxygen levels inside the growing anther causes the central cells to become hypoxic first: "The cells that are most hypoxic then get to throw the switch. (scitechdaily.com)
  • Previous research found that both pyrite and organic carbon can react with oxygen and remove it from the atmosphere. (livescience.com)
  • By contrast, a second study, published in the Journal of the American Medical Association, found there was no difference between the two oxygen groups in terms of the percentage of babies who lived to be 18 months old, as well as the percentage of babies who were disabled at this age. (livescience.com)
  • I just found out my oxygen levels are low too and I have been experiencing a little tingling in my feet when I touch them. (celiac.com)
  • They exposed both adults and young to the reduced levels of oxygen typically and periodically found in coastal regions for one week and monitored their varying response. (eurekalert.org)
  • They found when the levels of MCM proteins were increased, the activity of HIF-1 went down, while reducing the levels of MCMs, led to increased HIF-1 activity. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • Separately, they removed HIF-1 from cells, then exposed the cells to low oxygen and found no change in MCM protein levels, allowing the group to conclude that HIF-1 controls MCM proteins as well, so that the MCMs and HIF-1 oppose each other's action. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • A new study published in the science journal Nature Wednesday found that the ocean's worldwide oxygen content declined by more than 2% between 1960 and 2010. (wbaltv.com)
  • One driving factor, the authors found, is as simple as warming temperatures -- like a warm can of Coke that can't hold fizz, warm ocean water has difficulty holding oxygen. (wbaltv.com)
  • Blood-oxygen-level dependent contrast imaging, or BOLD-contrast imaging, is a method used in functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to observe different areas of the brain or other organs, which are found to be active at any given time. (wikipedia.org)
  • We collected samples from different points and found the lake is in a pathetic condition because the DO levels are awefully low. (indiatimes.com)
  • Clinicians have found that successful oxygen support can allow patients with severe SMA to live longer. (nationwidechildrens.org)
  • Upon examining mouse models of severe SMA exposed to low oxygen levels, Dr. Chandler's team found that SMN2 exon 7 skipping increased within skeletal muscles. (nationwidechildrens.org)
  • Their blood oxygen levels were also found to be higher. (nutraingredients.com)
  • The IUCN report also found that pollution around coastlines was having a significant effect on oxygen levels, with fertiliser and agricultural run off promoting more algae growth, which in turn depletes oxygen as it decomposes. (newvision.co.ug)
  • They found that the oxygen levels altered the effectiveness of the drugs, which suggests that these drugs may be less effective for some diseases than they are for others. (medindia.net)
  • 1997), but little data regarding the influence of oxygen on this process can be found. (scielo.br)
  • We expect that this change in oxygen concentration would have been global change, and in fact we found the change in samples which were 1000km apart. (aol.co.uk)
  • The rocks containing the oxygen and carbon dioxide were dated by measuring the radioactive decay of uranium which was found in the samples. (aol.co.uk)
  • A report into the environmental condition of Macquarie Harbour on Tasmania's west coast has found dissolved oxygen levels remain low. (abc.net.au)
  • What they found was telling: unusually low oxygen levels - likely a side effect of the rapidly growing anthers' metabolic activity - at the precise time that cells were beginning to turn into sex cells. (scitechdaily.com)
  • The adults were found out to have stable oxygen levels despite the exposure. (greenoptimistic.com)
  • The youngsters, however, were found to have difficulty in regulating their oxygen levels. (greenoptimistic.com)
  • Before we get started with a discussion of oxygen needs, it is important to point out that many people with lung disease, even fairly severe disease, have been evaluated and found to have no significant problem with oxygen levels in their blood. (perf2ndwind.org)
  • Oxygen concentrators have the ability to purify the surrounding air and then concentrate the oxygen that is found. (harcourthealth.com)
  • To better understand the ventilatory mechanisms that accompany the process of metabolic suppression in these top oceanic predators, we exposed juvenile D. gigas to the oxygen levels found in the OMZ (1% O 2 , 1kPa, 10ºC) and measured metabolic rates, activity cycling patterns, swimming mode, escape-jet (burst) frequency, mantle contraction frequency and strength, stroke volume and oxygen extraction efficiency. (biologists.org)
  • One study, published today (May 5) in the New England Journal of Medicine, suggests that keeping blood oxygen levels up in the higher end of the range they have traditionally been kept in - between 91 to 95 percent - may be wise. (livescience.com)
  • Importantly, our study suggests that, by focusing research exclusively on adults, it is likely that we will underestimate the number of species vulnerable to decreasing levels of oxygen in the marine environment. (eurekalert.org)
  • The oxygen levels of 54 per cent of our subjects fell to less than 94 per cent at maximum altitude and an earlier study suggests that a third of physicians would put hospital patients with these levels on extra oxygen. (rxpgnews.com)
  • This study suggests that atmospheric oxygen levels did not reach and maintain modern levels for millions of years after the Cambrian explosion, which is traditionally viewed as the time when the ocean-atmosphere was oxygenated," Edwards said. (eurekalert.org)
  • This suggests that prostaglandin metabolism plays an important role in the protective action of endotoxin against pulmonary oxygen toxicity. (springer.com)
  • The second man suggests that because he is a smoker, he cannot handle the lower oxygen levels. (thenakedscientists.com)
  • DDMPS absorbs molecular oxygen, which alters the proton spins inside the silicone - a phenomenon that can be detected with MRI. (medgadget.com)
  • The absorbed light energy is used to split two water molecules at a time into one molecule of molecular oxygen and four protons. (umu.se)
  • Photosynthesis by plants and certain bacteria uses the energy of sunlight to split water into molecular oxygen, and to reduce carbon dioxide to the carbohydrates we eat. (umu.se)
  • thus, it was confirmed that molecular oxygen is involved in the rate-limiting oxidation step. (mdpi.com)
  • According to OWML's research, phosphorus releases are prevented when, in the absence of molecular oxygen in the lower levels of the reservoir, nitrate acts as an alternate terminal electron acceptor for certain bacteria delaying the onset of anaerobic conditions and inhibiting the release of iron-bound phosphorus from the sediments. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although this work focused on the effects of environmental oxygen levels, other factors may have similar negative effects on human ES cells. (healthcanal.com)
  • The green objects represent the type B cells - thus the neurons that are activated by low environmental oxygen. (scitechdaily.com)
  • Excessive oxygen is associated with higher rates of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) whilst inadequate oxygenation is associated with an increase in mortality in preterm infants. (rch.org.au)
  • Why is my heart rate over 100 bpm and my oxygen levels below 90? (drugs.com)
  • We have been working diligently on testing and improvements to our sensor technology so that it will be able to be fully implemented into the first heart rate and oxygen saturation tracking fitness wearable on the market. (prweb.com)
  • About Vitaliz: Vitaliz is a health and fitness technology company based in Los Angeles, CA. Founded in 2015, Vitaliz has been at the forefront of implementation of new sensor technology aimed at improving accuracy and bringing blood oxygen tracking to consumers. (prweb.com)
  • The Apple Watch's sensor may hold more health monitoring functions than Apple has revealed, including measuring blood oxygen levels, a feature that's not enabled on the device and that Apple hasn't talked about. (computerworld.co.nz)
  • US engineers have developed a new lightweight, thin and flexible sensor that can map blood-oxygen levels over large areas of skin, tissue and organs, potentially giving doctors a new way to monitor healing wounds in real time. (qatar-tribune.com)
  • Patients with diabetes, respiration diseases and even sleep apnoea could use a sensor that could be worn anywhere to monitor blood-oxygen levels 24/7," she added. (qatar-tribune.com)
  • They also used the sensor to map blood-oxygen levels in a three-by-three grid on the forearm of a volunteer wearing a pressure cuff. (qatar-tribune.com)
  • Thus far the molecular sensor that detects the low oxygen level remains unknown. (scitechdaily.com)
  • Using this bit of wavelength science, the sensor determines what percent of hemoglobin is saturated with oxygen . (medicalxpress.com)
  • In contrast, insights regarding the influence of O 2 levels can be gained from cellular studies using the crustacean stomatogastric nervous system (STNS). (jneurosci.org)
  • The only organism in the ocean that thrives with little-to-no oxygen is bacteria. (wbaltv.com)
  • Due to imbalances in the ocean, waters with little to no oxygen form Oxygen Minimum Zones (OMZ), or dead zones, and severely impact wildlife in the area. (inquisitr.com)
  • Oxygen declines have already begun to threaten species such as Atlantic wolffish, Atlantic cod, snow crabs, and Greenland halibut. (inquisitr.com)
  • An abrupt drop in blood oxygen level can occur when a blood clot lodges in the pulmonary circulation. (livestrong.com)
  • The American Lung Association recently released a statement addressing the idea that masks make it difficult to breath: "The masks are designed to be breathed through and there is no evidence that low oxygen levels occur. (today.com)
  • It remains to be determined if type B cells occur in humans at all and if so, whether they detect low oxygen levels. (scitechdaily.com)